Period
to 19 April 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for BDD skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited BDD over the 6 months to 19 April 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Behaviour-Driven Development (BDD)
Central London > City of London
6 months to
19 Apr 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 54 43 36
Rank change year-on-year -11 -7 -5
Contract jobs citing BDD 297 363 332
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 4.41% 5.17% 5.38%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 4.96% 5.82% 6.12%
Number of daily rates quoted 248 320 297
City of London median daily rate £550 £513 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +7.32% +2.50% +2.56%
10th Percentile £424 £375 £375
90th Percentile £675 £626 £638
Central London median daily rate £550 £513 £500
% change year-on-year +7.32% +2.50% +5.26%
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 0 0
City of London median hourly rate - - -
Central London median hourly rate - - -

BDD is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
City of London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 5,988 6,233 5,426
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 88.87% 88.79% 87.93%
Number of daily rates quoted 4,618 4,935 4,237
City of London median daily rate £525 £510 £490
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.94% +4.08% +3.16%
10th Percentile £325 £338 £313
90th Percentile £675 £700 £663
Central London median daily rate £525 £500 £475
% change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% +2.70%
Number of hourly rates quoted 57 92 44
City of London median hourly rate £22.50 £19.75 £21.16
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +13.92% -6.64% -2.50%
10th Percentile £12.00 £11.87 £13.50
90th Percentile £56.50 £45.60 £42.01
Central London median hourly rate £22.25 £21.00 £20.50
% change year-on-year +5.95% +2.44% -3.94%

BDD
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing BDD as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for BDD in the City of London

BDD
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing BDD in the City of London.

Contractor daily rate trend for BDD in the City of London

BDD
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing BDD in the City of London over the 6 months to 19 April 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for BDD in the City of London

BDD
Contract Job Locations in the City of London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing BDD within the City of London region over the 6 months to 19 April 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Moorgate -8 7 £525 +31.25%
BDD
Central London

For the 6 months to 19 April 2019, IT contractor jobs citing BDD also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for BDD.

1 219 (73.74%) Agile Software Development
2 217 (73.06%) TDD
3 127 (42.76%) Java
4 99 (33.33%) JavaScript
5 93 (31.31%) Test Automation
6 90 (30.30%) Scrum
7 89 (29.97%) Microservices
8 82 (27.61%) Finance
9 73 (24.58%) Docker
10 67 (22.56%) Git (software)
11 65 (21.89%) HTML
12 63 (21.21%) Amazon AWS
12 63 (21.21%) REST
13 61 (20.54%) Spring
14 60 (20.20%) CSS
15 58 (19.53%) C#
16 57 (19.19%) Kanban
16 57 (19.19%) RESTful
17 55 (18.52%) Selenium
18 54 (18.18%) .NET
18 54 (18.18%) DevOps
19 53 (17.85%) AngularJS
20 52 (17.51%) Cucumber
21 51 (17.17%) Microsoft Azure
22 49 (16.50%) Linux
22 49 (16.50%) Software Engineering
23 46 (15.49%) Java 8
24 45 (15.15%) NoSQL
25 44 (14.81%) QA
25 44 (14.81%) Web Services

BDD
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 23 (7.74%) Confluence
2 19 (6.40%) Apache Spark
2 19 (6.40%) Elasticsearch
3 8 (2.69%) Apache
3 8 (2.69%) Gunicorn
4 7 (2.36%) JBoss
5 4 (1.35%) Cloud Foundry
5 4 (1.35%) CMS
6 3 (1.01%) Mule
6 3 (1.01%) Sitecore CMS
7 1 (0.34%) Apache Airflow
7 1 (0.34%) Apache Solr
7 1 (0.34%) Drupal
7 1 (0.34%) EPiServer
7 1 (0.34%) IIS
7 1 (0.34%) Kentico
7 1 (0.34%) NServiceBus
7 1 (0.34%) Tomcat
7 1 (0.34%) Umbraco
Applications
1 1 (0.34%) Adobe Illustrator
1 1 (0.34%) InVision
1 1 (0.34%) Microsoft Excel
1 1 (0.34%) Microsoft PowerPoint
1 1 (0.34%) Microsoft Project
1 1 (0.34%) MS Visio
Cloud Services
1 63 (21.21%) Amazon AWS
2 51 (17.17%) Microsoft Azure
3 17 (5.72%) GitHub
4 13 (4.38%) Serverless
5 12 (4.04%) Google Cloud Platform
6 11 (3.70%) PaaS
7 9 (3.03%) AWS Lambda
8 8 (2.69%) Amazon SQS
9 6 (2.02%) OpenShift
10 4 (1.35%) Google Analytics
11 3 (1.01%) Amazon ElastiCache
11 3 (1.01%) Azure Functions
11 3 (1.01%) Heroku
11 3 (1.01%) SaaS
12 2 (0.67%) Amazon EC2
12 2 (0.67%) Amazon Kinesis
12 2 (0.67%) npm
13 1 (0.34%) Apigee
13 1 (0.34%) CloudFront
13 1 (0.34%) Route 53
Communications & Networking
1 15 (5.05%) HTTP
2 11 (3.70%) DNS
2 11 (3.70%) FTP
2 11 (3.70%) SSL
2 11 (3.70%) TCP/IP
3 4 (1.35%) AMQP
3 4 (1.35%) Kerberos
4 1 (0.34%) LAN
4 1 (0.34%) WAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 45 (15.15%) NoSQL
2 35 (11.78%) SQL Server
3 26 (8.75%) Relational Database
4 23 (7.74%) MongoDB
5 21 (7.07%) Apache Cassandra
6 18 (6.06%) PostgreSQL
7 14 (4.71%) Impala
8 12 (4.04%) Hadoop
8 12 (4.04%) Redis
9 10 (3.37%) MySQL
10 9 (3.03%) CouchDB
11 7 (2.36%) Apache Hive
11 7 (2.36%) Apache Kudu
11 7 (2.36%) HBase
12 5 (1.68%) Big Data
12 5 (1.68%) Couchbase
13 4 (1.35%) Data Lake
14 3 (1.01%) Amazon Athena
14 3 (1.01%) SQL Server 2012
14 3 (1.01%) SQL Server 2016
Development Applications
1 67 (22.56%) Git (software)
2 55 (18.52%) Selenium
3 52 (17.51%) Cucumber
4 42 (14.14%) Jenkins
4 42 (14.14%) JIRA
5 26 (8.75%) JUnit
5 26 (8.75%) SpecFlow
5 26 (8.75%) TeamCity
6 25 (8.42%) Maven
7 21 (7.07%) gulp
7 21 (7.07%) Team Foundation Server
8 20 (6.73%) Subversion
9 19 (6.40%) Gatling
10 18 (6.06%) Visual Studio Team System
11 16 (5.39%) Atlassian Bamboo
11 16 (5.39%) Gradle
11 16 (5.39%) WebDriver
12 15 (5.05%) jMock
13 14 (4.71%) Mockito
13 14 (4.71%) Octopus Deploy
General
1 82 (27.61%) Finance
2 40 (13.47%) Banking
3 34 (11.45%) Front Office
4 15 (5.05%) Investment Banking
5 11 (3.70%) Financial Institution
5 11 (3.70%) Retail
6 5 (1.68%) Back Office
7 4 (1.35%) Marketing
8 2 (0.67%) Retail Banking
9 1 (0.34%) Automotive
9 1 (0.34%) Billing
9 1 (0.34%) Law
Job Titles
1 189 (63.64%) Developer
2 85 (28.62%) Java Developer
3 39 (13.13%) Senior Developer
4 28 (9.43%) Analyst
5 20 (6.73%) React Developer
6 18 (6.06%) Agile Developer
6 18 (6.06%) Full Stack Developer
6 18 (6.06%) Senior Java Developer
6 18 (6.06%) Software Developer
6 18 (6.06%) Tester
7 16 (5.39%) Agile Java Developer
7 16 (5.39%) C# Developer
7 16 (5.39%) Developer in Test
8 14 (4.71%) JavaScript Developer
8 14 (4.71%) Lead Developer
9 13 (4.38%) Scala Developer
9 13 (4.38%) Test Engineer
10 12 (4.04%) .NET Developer
10 12 (4.04%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
11 11 (3.70%) Python Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 65 (21.89%) HTML
2 63 (21.21%) REST
3 61 (20.54%) Spring
4 60 (20.20%) CSS
5 57 (19.19%) RESTful
6 54 (18.18%) .NET
7 53 (17.85%) AngularJS
8 44 (14.81%) Web Services
9 42 (14.14%) Kafka
10 35 (11.78%) Node.js
11 32 (10.77%) HTML5
12 30 (10.10%) React
13 29 (9.76%) Redux
13 29 (9.76%) Spring Boot
14 21 (7.07%) SOAP
15 19 (6.40%) Hibernate
15 19 (6.40%) Sass
16 17 (5.72%) .NET Core
17 16 (5.39%) Dropwizard
18 15 (5.05%) XML
Miscellaneous
1 37 (12.46%) Greenfield Project
2 25 (8.42%) Fintech
3 16 (5.39%) Analytical Skills
4 14 (4.71%) User Experience
5 10 (3.37%) Mobile App
6 8 (2.69%) Fixed Income
6 8 (2.69%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
6 8 (2.69%) Self-Motivation
7 5 (1.68%) Cloud Native
7 5 (1.68%) Tandem
8 3 (1.01%) Algorithms
8 3 (1.01%) Equities
8 3 (1.01%) Virtual Team
9 2 (0.67%) Equity Derivative
10 1 (0.34%) Derivative
10 1 (0.34%) Enterprise Software
10 1 (0.34%) Equity Risk
10 1 (0.34%) Hybrid Cloud
10 1 (0.34%) Public Cloud
10 1 (0.34%) Reference Data
Operating Systems
1 49 (16.50%) Linux
2 32 (10.77%) Unix
3 11 (3.70%) Windows
4 5 (1.68%) Android
4 5 (1.68%) Apple iOS
5 4 (1.35%) Mac OS X
6 1 (0.34%) Mac OS
6 1 (0.34%) Solaris
Processes & Methodologies
1 219 (73.74%) Agile Software Development
2 217 (73.06%) TDD
3 93 (31.31%) Test Automation
4 90 (30.30%) Scrum
5 89 (29.97%) Microservices
6 57 (19.19%) Kanban
7 54 (18.18%) DevOps
8 49 (16.50%) Software Engineering
9 36 (12.12%) SDLC
10 35 (11.78%) Continuous Integration
11 34 (11.45%) Pair Programming
12 32 (10.77%) OO
13 25 (8.42%) Problem-Solving
14 24 (8.08%) Continuous Delivery
14 24 (8.08%) Domain-Driven Design
14 24 (8.08%) User Stories
15 21 (7.07%) SDET
15 21 (7.07%) Test Scripting
16 20 (6.73%) Acceptance Criteria
16 20 (6.73%) Web Development
Programming Languages
1 127 (42.76%) Java
2 99 (33.33%) JavaScript
3 58 (19.53%) C#
4 46 (15.49%) Java 8
5 44 (14.81%) SQL
6 30 (10.10%) Scala
7 29 (9.76%) Python
8 25 (8.42%) TypeScript
9 23 (7.74%) ES6
10 6 (2.02%) PowerShell
11 5 (1.68%) Go
11 5 (1.68%) PL/SQL
12 4 (1.35%) PHP
13 3 (1.01%) Ruby
13 3 (1.01%) T-SQL
14 2 (0.67%) Bash Shell
15 1 (0.34%) Apex Code
15 1 (0.34%) Clojure
15 1 (0.34%) Erlang
15 1 (0.34%) Groovy
Qualifications
1 9 (3.03%) Degree
2 5 (1.68%) ISTQB
3 4 (1.35%) Security Cleared
4 3 (1.01%) SC Cleared
5 2 (0.67%) DV Cleared
6 1 (0.34%) ISEB
6 1 (0.34%) SAFe Agilist
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 44 (14.81%) QA
2 4 (1.35%) SEPA
3 2 (0.67%) MiFID
4 1 (0.34%) PSD2
System Software
1 73 (24.58%) Docker
2 10 (3.37%) HDFS
3 2 (0.67%) VMware Infrastructure
3 2 (0.67%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 36 (12.12%) Kubernetes
2 14 (4.71%) Ansible
3 11 (3.70%) Docker Swarm
4 9 (3.03%) Terraform
5 7 (2.36%) Hadoop YARN
6 5 (1.68%) Mesos
7 4 (1.35%) HP Quality Center
7 4 (1.35%) Marathon
7 4 (1.35%) Puppet
8 3 (1.01%) Kibana
8 3 (1.01%) logstash
8 3 (1.01%) Opscode Chef
9 1 (0.34%) Rancher
Vendors
1 18 (6.06%) Google
2 14 (4.71%) Microsoft
3 13 (4.38%) Sybase
4 12 (4.04%) Atlassian
5 10 (3.37%) Oracle
6 5 (1.68%) Salesforce.com
7 4 (1.35%) HP
7 4 (1.35%) Murex
7 4 (1.35%) Splunk
8 3 (1.01%) Sitecore
9 2 (0.67%) Cadence
9 2 (0.67%) Cloudera
9 2 (0.67%) VMware
10 1 (0.34%) MuleSoft
10 1 (0.34%) New Relic
10 1 (0.34%) Perfecto Mobile
10 1 (0.34%) TIBCO
10 1 (0.34%) Workday
10 1 (0.34%) Zend