Period
to 17 August 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for BDD skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited BDD over the 6 months to 17 August 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Behaviour-Driven Development (BDD)
Central London > City of London
6 months to
17 Aug 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 53 47 40
Rank change year-on-year -6 -7 -6
Contract jobs citing BDD 270 336 337
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 4.15% 4.77% 5.10%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 4.61% 5.43% 5.71%
Number of daily rates quoted 233 287 286
City of London median daily rate £550 £525 £513
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +4.76% +2.44% +2.50%
10th Percentile £425 £415 £375
90th Percentile £688 £638 £638
Central London median daily rate £550 £513 £500
% change year-on-year +7.32% +2.50% +5.26%
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 0 0
City of London median hourly rate - - -
Central London median hourly rate - - -

BDD is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
City of London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 5,852 6,189 5,903
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 89.99% 87.87% 89.33%
Number of daily rates quoted 4,558 4,890 4,566
City of London median daily rate £525 £513 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.44% +2.50% +5.26%
10th Percentile £350 £325 £321
90th Percentile £675 £688 £675
Central London median daily rate £525 £500 £500
% change year-on-year +5.00% - +5.82%
Number of hourly rates quoted 72 109 56
City of London median hourly rate £20.67 £18.70 £20.52
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +10.51% -8.87% +2.60%
10th Percentile £11.25 £13.30 £13.31
90th Percentile £56.50 £30.60 £31.13
Central London median hourly rate £21.00 £18.70 £18.70
% change year-on-year +12.30% - -6.50%

BDD
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing BDD as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for BDD in the City of London

BDD
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing BDD in the City of London.

Contractor daily rate trend for BDD in the City of London

BDD
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing BDD in the City of London over the 6 months to 17 August 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for BDD in the City of London

BDD
Contract Job Locations in the City of London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing BDD within the City of London region over the 6 months to 17 August 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Moorgate 0 9 £500 +25.00%
BDD
Central London

For the 6 months to 17 August 2019, IT contractor jobs citing BDD also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for BDD.

1 211 (78.15%) TDD
2 170 (62.96%) Agile Software Development
3 116 (42.96%) Java
4 96 (35.56%) Microservices
5 76 (28.15%) JavaScript
6 71 (26.30%) Scrum
7 69 (25.56%) Finance
8 67 (24.81%) Amazon AWS
9 59 (21.85%) Docker
10 58 (21.48%) Spring
11 54 (20.00%) Test Automation
11 54 (20.00%) Kafka
12 53 (19.63%) DevOps
12 53 (19.63%) RESTful
13 52 (19.26%) Microsoft Azure
14 48 (17.78%) AngularJS
15 45 (16.67%) Software Engineering
15 45 (16.67%) SQL
16 44 (16.30%) C#
16 44 (16.30%) Git (software)
17 42 (15.56%) Pair Programming
17 42 (15.56%) CSS
18 41 (15.19%) Node.js
19 40 (14.81%) Scala
20 39 (14.44%) HTML
21 38 (14.07%) React
22 37 (13.70%) Kubernetes
22 37 (13.70%) Selenium
23 34 (12.59%) Kanban
23 34 (12.59%) NoSQL

BDD
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 25 (9.26%) Elasticsearch
2 16 (5.93%) Apache Spark
3 12 (4.44%) Confluence
4 5 (1.85%) JBoss
4 5 (1.85%) Jetty
4 5 (1.85%) Tomcat
5 3 (1.11%) Apache
5 3 (1.11%) IIS
6 2 (0.74%) Drupal
6 2 (0.74%) Magnolia
7 1 (0.37%) Anypoint
7 1 (0.37%) Apache Airflow
7 1 (0.37%) Camunda
7 1 (0.37%) CMS
7 1 (0.37%) Mule
7 1 (0.37%) Mule ESB
7 1 (0.37%) Sitecore CMS
7 1 (0.37%) WebSphere
Applications
1 4 (1.48%) Chatbot
2 3 (1.11%) MS Visio
3 2 (0.74%) Microsoft Office
4 1 (0.37%) Microsoft Excel
4 1 (0.37%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 1 (0.37%) Microsoft Project
Cloud Services
1 67 (24.81%) Amazon AWS
2 52 (19.26%) Microsoft Azure
3 11 (4.07%) Amazon SQS
3 11 (4.07%) Serverless
4 10 (3.70%) Google Cloud Platform
5 9 (3.33%) AWS Lambda
6 6 (2.22%) GitHub
7 5 (1.85%) OpenShift
8 3 (1.11%) Amazon ElastiCache
8 3 (1.11%) Power Platform
9 2 (0.74%) Amazon ECS
9 2 (0.74%) Amazon Kinesis
9 2 (0.74%) CloudFront
9 2 (0.74%) Google Analytics
9 2 (0.74%) PaaS
10 1 (0.37%) Amazon EC2
10 1 (0.37%) Amazon S3
10 1 (0.37%) npm
10 1 (0.37%) SaaS
10 1 (0.37%) Slack
Communications & Networking
1 7 (2.59%) DNS
1 7 (2.59%) FTP
1 7 (2.59%) HTTP
1 7 (2.59%) SSL
1 7 (2.59%) TCP/IP
2 4 (1.48%) Kerberos
3 3 (1.11%) Internet
4 1 (0.37%) LAN
4 1 (0.37%) WAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 34 (12.59%) NoSQL
2 17 (6.30%) SQL Server
3 14 (5.19%) Couchbase
4 11 (4.07%) Hadoop
5 10 (3.70%) MongoDB
5 10 (3.70%) PostgreSQL
5 10 (3.70%) Relational Database
6 9 (3.33%) MySQL
7 7 (2.59%) Big Data
8 6 (2.22%) Cosmos DB
9 5 (1.85%) SQL Server 2014
10 4 (1.48%) Amazon DynamoDB
10 4 (1.48%) Apache Cassandra
10 4 (1.48%) HBase
10 4 (1.48%) SQL Server 2012
10 4 (1.48%) SQL Server 2016
11 3 (1.11%) Apache Hive
11 3 (1.11%) Data Lake
11 3 (1.11%) Impala
11 3 (1.11%) Power BI
Development Applications
1 44 (16.30%) Git (software)
2 37 (13.70%) Selenium
3 33 (12.22%) Cucumber
4 23 (8.52%) Jenkins
4 23 (8.52%) JIRA
5 17 (6.30%) TeamCity
5 17 (6.30%) WebDriver
6 15 (5.56%) gulp
7 13 (4.81%) JUnit
8 12 (4.44%) SpecFlow
9 10 (3.70%) Gradle
9 10 (3.70%) Mockito
10 9 (3.33%) Team Foundation Server
10 9 (3.33%) webpack
11 8 (2.96%) GitLab
12 7 (2.59%) Gatling
12 7 (2.59%) Geb
12 7 (2.59%) Grunt
12 7 (2.59%) Spock
12 7 (2.59%) Visual Studio Team System
General
1 69 (25.56%) Finance
2 29 (10.74%) Banking
3 13 (4.81%) Retail
4 9 (3.33%) Front Office
5 7 (2.59%) Financial Institution
6 5 (1.85%) Investment Banking
6 5 (1.85%) Law
7 3 (1.11%) Back Office
7 3 (1.11%) Games
7 3 (1.11%) Legal
8 2 (0.74%) Advertising
8 2 (0.74%) Marketing
8 2 (0.74%) Pharmaceutical
8 2 (0.74%) Retail Banking
9 1 (0.37%) Automotive
9 1 (0.37%) Local Government
Job Titles
1 171 (63.33%) Developer
2 68 (25.19%) Java Developer
3 38 (14.07%) Senior Developer
4 25 (9.26%) Scala Developer
5 22 (8.15%) Analyst
6 21 (7.78%) React Developer
7 17 (6.30%) Senior Java Developer
8 15 (5.56%) Agile Developer
8 15 (5.56%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
9 12 (4.44%) Agile Java Developer
9 12 (4.44%) Business Analyst
9 12 (4.44%) Tester
10 11 (4.07%) Full Stack Developer
10 11 (4.07%) Senior Scala Developer
11 10 (3.70%) Salesforce Developer
11 10 (3.70%) Senior Agile Developer
11 10 (3.70%) Technical Leader
11 10 (3.70%) Test Engineer
12 9 (3.33%) Angular Developer
12 9 (3.33%) C# Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 58 (21.48%) Spring
2 54 (20.00%) Kafka
3 53 (19.63%) RESTful
4 48 (17.78%) AngularJS
5 42 (15.56%) CSS
6 41 (15.19%) Node.js
7 39 (14.44%) HTML
8 38 (14.07%) React
9 32 (11.85%) REST
10 28 (10.37%) .NET
11 24 (8.89%) Spring Boot
12 22 (8.15%) Redux
13 19 (7.04%) HTML5
14 18 (6.67%) Spring Cloud
15 17 (6.30%) Akka
16 16 (5.93%) Web Services
17 15 (5.56%) Sass
17 15 (5.56%) SOAP
18 14 (5.19%) Hibernate
18 14 (5.19%) Play Framework
Miscellaneous
1 29 (10.74%) Greenfield Project
2 13 (4.81%) User Experience
3 10 (3.70%) Mobile App
4 8 (2.96%) Analytical Skills
5 4 (1.48%) Public Cloud
6 3 (1.11%) Cloud Native
6 3 (1.11%) Equities
7 2 (0.74%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
8 1 (0.37%) Analytical Mindset
8 1 (0.37%) Data Protection Act
8 1 (0.37%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
8 1 (0.37%) Enterprise Software
8 1 (0.37%) Fixed Income
8 1 (0.37%) Hybrid Cloud
8 1 (0.37%) Linux Command Line
8 1 (0.37%) NHS
8 1 (0.37%) Reference Data
8 1 (0.37%) Self-Motivation
Operating Systems
1 29 (10.74%) Linux
2 9 (3.33%) Unix
3 8 (2.96%) Apple iOS
4 6 (2.22%) Android
5 2 (0.74%) Mac OS
5 2 (0.74%) Windows
6 1 (0.37%) Mac OS X
6 1 (0.37%) Solaris
Processes & Methodologies
1 211 (78.15%) TDD
2 170 (62.96%) Agile Software Development
3 96 (35.56%) Microservices
4 71 (26.30%) Scrum
5 54 (20.00%) Test Automation
6 53 (19.63%) DevOps
7 45 (16.67%) Software Engineering
8 42 (15.56%) Pair Programming
9 34 (12.59%) Kanban
10 32 (11.85%) SDLC
11 30 (11.11%) Continuous Integration
12 28 (10.37%) Acceptance Criteria
13 27 (10.00%) Fintech
14 24 (8.89%) Digital Transformation Programme
15 22 (8.15%) Front End Development
16 21 (7.78%) Domain-Driven Design
17 20 (7.41%) User Stories
18 19 (7.04%) Continuous Delivery
18 19 (7.04%) OO
19 17 (6.30%) SOLID
Programming Languages
1 116 (42.96%) Java
2 76 (28.15%) JavaScript
3 45 (16.67%) SQL
4 44 (16.30%) C#
5 40 (14.81%) Scala
6 33 (12.22%) TypeScript
7 30 (11.11%) Java 8
8 20 (7.41%) Python
9 14 (5.19%) ES6
10 9 (3.33%) PHP
11 7 (2.59%) Apex Code
11 7 (2.59%) Ruby
12 5 (1.85%) T-SQL
13 3 (1.11%) Go
14 2 (0.74%) Apple Swift
14 2 (0.74%) Erlang
14 2 (0.74%) Java 9
14 2 (0.74%) Objective-C
14 2 (0.74%) VBA
15 1 (0.37%) F#
Qualifications
1 6 (2.22%) ISTQB
1 6 (2.22%) Security Cleared
2 5 (1.85%) Degree
2 5 (1.85%) SC Cleared
3 2 (0.74%) DV Cleared
4 1 (0.37%) Computer Science Degree
4 1 (0.37%) ISEB
4 1 (0.37%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 27 (10.00%) QA
2 2 (0.74%) SEPA
3 1 (0.37%) PCI DSS
3 1 (0.37%) PSD2
System Software
1 59 (21.85%) Docker
2 3 (1.11%) HDFS
3 2 (0.74%) Varnish
4 1 (0.37%) Virtual Machines
Systems Management
1 37 (13.70%) Kubernetes
2 15 (5.56%) Ansible
3 14 (5.19%) Marathon
3 14 (5.19%) Mesos
4 9 (3.33%) Terraform
5 7 (2.59%) Docker Swarm
5 7 (2.59%) Opscode Chef
5 7 (2.59%) Puppet
6 5 (1.85%) Cobbler
7 3 (1.11%) Hadoop YARN
7 3 (1.11%) MIIS
8 2 (0.74%) HP Quality Center
Vendors
1 17 (6.30%) Google
2 14 (5.19%) Salesforce.com
3 8 (2.96%) Microsoft
4 3 (1.11%) Apple
4 3 (1.11%) HP
5 2 (0.74%) Atlassian
5 2 (0.74%) iManage
5 2 (0.74%) New Relic
6 1 (0.37%) Charles River
6 1 (0.37%) Cypress Semiconductor
6 1 (0.37%) Databricks
6 1 (0.37%) MuleSoft
6 1 (0.37%) Red Hat
6 1 (0.37%) Sitecore
6 1 (0.37%) Tableau
6 1 (0.37%) Zend