Period
to 12 December 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for BDD skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited BDD over the 6 months to 12 December 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Behaviour-Driven Development (BDD)
Central London > City of London
6 months to
12 Dec 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 51 41 42
Rank change year-on-year -10 +1 -6
Contract jobs citing BDD 219 377 358
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 3.92% 5.29% 4.97%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 4.40% 6.03% 5.52%
Number of daily rates quoted 188 327 318
City of London median daily rate £550 £525 £525
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +4.76% - -
10th Percentile £463 £425 £375
90th Percentile £675 £655 £641
Central London median daily rate £550 £525 £525
% change year-on-year +4.76% - +5.00%
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 0 0
City of London median hourly rate - - -
Central London median hourly rate - - -

BDD is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
City of London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 4,979 6,248 6,485
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 89.21% 87.59% 89.97%
Number of daily rates quoted 3,852 4,935 5,167
City of London median daily rate £520 £513 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +1.46% +2.50% +5.26%
10th Percentile £325 £325 £325
90th Percentile £675 £675 £688
Central London median daily rate £513 £505 £500
% change year-on-year +1.49% +1.00% +5.26%
Number of hourly rates quoted 55 87 60
City of London median hourly rate £20.83 £19.00 £18.70
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +9.63% +1.60% -6.50%
10th Percentile £12.04 £13.31 £13.15
90th Percentile £52.25 £33.80 £31.05
Central London median hourly rate £21.00 £19.00 £20.25
% change year-on-year +10.53% -6.17% +6.58%

BDD
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing BDD as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for BDD in the City of London

BDD
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing BDD in the City of London.

Contractor daily rate trend for BDD in the City of London

BDD
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing BDD in the City of London over the 6 months to 12 December 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for BDD in the City of London

BDD
Contract Job Locations in the City of London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing BDD within the City of London region over the 6 months to 12 December 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Moorgate +5 11 £500 -4.76%
BDD
Central London

For the 6 months to 12 December 2019, IT contractor jobs citing BDD also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for BDD.

1 190 (86.76%) TDD
2 157 (71.69%) Agile Software Development
3 94 (42.92%) Java
4 82 (37.44%) Microservices
5 60 (27.40%) Scrum
6 59 (26.94%) JavaScript
7 58 (26.48%) Pair Programming
8 55 (25.11%) Finance
9 50 (22.83%) Docker
9 50 (22.83%) DevOps
10 49 (22.37%) Kafka
11 48 (21.92%) Spring
11 48 (21.92%) Software Engineering
11 48 (21.92%) AWS
12 43 (19.63%) AngularJS
13 41 (18.72%) Node.js
14 40 (18.26%) React
14 40 (18.26%) Continuous Integration
15 39 (17.81%) Azure
15 39 (17.81%) Test Automation
16 38 (17.35%) C#
17 37 (16.89%) Kubernetes
18 36 (16.44%) RESTful
18 36 (16.44%) Kanban
19 33 (15.07%) Git (software)
20 32 (14.61%) CSS
21 31 (14.16%) Java 8
22 30 (13.70%) TypeScript
23 28 (12.79%) HTML
23 28 (12.79%) REST

BDD
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 19 (8.68%) Elasticsearch
2 7 (3.20%) Apache Spark
2 7 (3.20%) JBoss
2 7 (3.20%) Jetty
2 7 (3.20%) Tomcat
3 6 (2.74%) Confluence
4 5 (2.28%) IIS
5 4 (1.83%) Anypoint
6 2 (0.91%) Magnolia
7 1 (0.46%) Mule
7 1 (0.46%) Mule ESB
Applications
1 7 (3.20%) MS Visio
2 5 (2.28%) Chatbot
2 5 (2.28%) Microsoft Excel
2 5 (2.28%) Microsoft Office
2 5 (2.28%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 3 (1.37%) Microsoft Project
Cloud Services
1 48 (21.92%) AWS
2 39 (17.81%) Azure
3 13 (5.94%) GCP
4 8 (3.65%) GitHub
5 4 (1.83%) PaaS
5 4 (1.83%) Power Platform
6 3 (1.37%) Amazon SQS
6 3 (1.37%) Google App Engine
6 3 (1.37%) IaaS
7 2 (0.91%) Azure Data Factory
7 2 (0.91%) npm
7 2 (0.91%) OpenShift
8 1 (0.46%) Akamai
8 1 (0.46%) AWS CloudFormation
8 1 (0.46%) AWS Lambda
8 1 (0.46%) BrowserStack
8 1 (0.46%) CloudFront
8 1 (0.46%) Data Lake Analytics
8 1 (0.46%) Sauce Labs
8 1 (0.46%) Serverless
Communications & Networking
1 10 (4.57%) HTTP
2 9 (4.11%) DNS
2 9 (4.11%) FTP
2 9 (4.11%) SSL
2 9 (4.11%) TCP/IP
3 3 (1.37%) Internet
Database & Business Intelligence
1 25 (11.42%) MongoDB
2 19 (8.68%) NoSQL
3 17 (7.76%) SQL Server
4 11 (5.02%) Hadoop
5 10 (4.57%) MySQL
5 10 (4.57%) PostgreSQL
6 7 (3.20%) Big Data
7 6 (2.74%) Couchbase
7 6 (2.74%) Relational Database
8 5 (2.28%) Apache Cassandra
9 4 (1.83%) Power BI
9 4 (1.83%) Redis
10 3 (1.37%) Amazon DynamoDB
10 3 (1.37%) HBase
11 2 (0.91%) Cosmos DB
11 2 (0.91%) Data Lake
11 2 (0.91%) Data Warehouse
12 1 (0.46%) BusinessObjects
12 1 (0.46%) DB2
12 1 (0.46%) RDBMS
Development Applications
1 33 (15.07%) Git (software)
2 24 (10.96%) Selenium
3 21 (9.59%) Cucumber
4 20 (9.13%) Jenkins
5 12 (5.48%) JIRA
6 11 (5.02%) Gradle
6 11 (5.02%) SpecFlow
6 11 (5.02%) TeamCity
6 11 (5.02%) webpack
7 10 (4.57%) Gatling
7 10 (4.57%) GitLab
7 10 (4.57%) gulp
7 10 (4.57%) Postman
7 10 (4.57%) Spock
8 9 (4.11%) Babel
8 9 (4.11%) Geb
9 8 (3.65%) NUnit
10 7 (3.20%) Team Foundation Server
11 6 (2.74%) Atlassian Bamboo
11 6 (2.74%) Mockito
General
1 55 (25.11%) Finance
2 20 (9.13%) Banking
3 8 (3.65%) Front Office
4 6 (2.74%) Investment Banking
4 6 (2.74%) Retail
5 3 (1.37%) Financial Institution
5 3 (1.37%) Games
5 3 (1.37%) Law
5 3 (1.37%) Legal
6 2 (0.91%) Advertising
7 1 (0.46%) Back Office
7 1 (0.46%) Marketing
7 1 (0.46%) Public Sector
7 1 (0.46%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 154 (70.32%) Developer
2 67 (30.59%) Java Developer
3 29 (13.24%) Senior Developer
4 16 (7.31%) Scala Developer
5 14 (6.39%) Agile Developer
5 14 (6.39%) Analyst
6 13 (5.94%) Agile Java Developer
6 13 (5.94%) React Developer
7 12 (5.48%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
7 12 (5.48%) Full Stack Developer
8 9 (4.11%) Business Analyst
8 9 (4.11%) C# Developer
8 9 (4.11%) Senior Scala Developer
9 7 (3.20%) Java Engineer
9 7 (3.20%) Salesforce Developer
9 7 (3.20%) Test Engineer
9 7 (3.20%) Tester
10 6 (2.74%) Automation Tester
10 6 (2.74%) Python Developer
10 6 (2.74%) Senior Java Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 49 (22.37%) Kafka
2 48 (21.92%) Spring
3 43 (19.63%) AngularJS
4 41 (18.72%) Node.js
5 40 (18.26%) React
6 36 (16.44%) RESTful
7 32 (14.61%) CSS
8 28 (12.79%) HTML
8 28 (12.79%) REST
9 22 (10.05%) Spring Boot
9 22 (10.05%) Spring Cloud
10 20 (9.13%) HTML5
11 19 (8.68%) .NET
12 16 (7.31%) Redux
13 14 (6.39%) Dropwizard
13 14 (6.39%) OAuth
14 13 (5.94%) Vue.js
15 12 (5.48%) GraphQL
15 12 (5.48%) Sass
15 12 (5.48%) SOAP
Miscellaneous
1 14 (6.39%) Greenfield Project
2 12 (5.48%) Analytical Skills
3 10 (4.57%) User Experience
4 8 (3.65%) Mobile App
5 4 (1.83%) Enterprise Software
5 4 (1.83%) Public Cloud
6 3 (1.37%) Management Information System
6 3 (1.37%) Over-the-Top Content
6 3 (1.37%) Video\Live Streaming
6 3 (1.37%) Wiki
7 2 (0.91%) Equities
7 2 (0.91%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
7 2 (0.91%) iPad
8 1 (0.46%) AS400
8 1 (0.46%) Blog
8 1 (0.46%) Fixed Income
8 1 (0.46%) iPhone
8 1 (0.46%) iSeries
8 1 (0.46%) Video on Demand
8 1 (0.46%) W3C
Operating Systems
1 16 (7.31%) Linux
2 11 (5.02%) Apple iOS
3 5 (2.28%) Unix
4 4 (1.83%) Android
5 2 (0.91%) Mac OS
5 2 (0.91%) Mac OS X
5 2 (0.91%) Windows
6 1 (0.46%) tvOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 190 (86.76%) TDD
2 157 (71.69%) Agile Software Development
3 82 (37.44%) Microservices
4 60 (27.40%) Scrum
5 58 (26.48%) Pair Programming
6 50 (22.83%) DevOps
7 48 (21.92%) Software Engineering
8 40 (18.26%) Continuous Integration
9 39 (17.81%) Test Automation
10 36 (16.44%) Kanban
11 24 (10.96%) Digital Transformation Programme
12 22 (10.05%) SOLID
13 21 (9.59%) Acceptance Criteria
14 19 (8.68%) Continuous Delivery
14 19 (8.68%) Front End Development
15 18 (8.22%) Domain-Driven Design
15 18 (8.22%) SDLC
16 17 (7.76%) User Stories
17 16 (7.31%) Fintech
17 16 (7.31%) Multithreading
Programming Languages
1 94 (42.92%) Java
2 59 (26.94%) JavaScript
3 38 (17.35%) C#
4 31 (14.16%) Java 8
5 30 (13.70%) TypeScript
6 22 (10.05%) SQL
7 21 (9.59%) Scala
8 14 (6.39%) Python
9 12 (5.48%) ES6
10 11 (5.02%) Apex Code
11 10 (4.57%) Ruby
12 5 (2.28%) Apple Swift
13 3 (1.37%) Go
13 3 (1.37%) PHP
13 3 (1.37%) T-SQL
14 2 (0.91%) Java 9
15 1 (0.46%) C++
15 1 (0.46%) Objective-C
15 1 (0.46%) PowerShell
15 1 (0.46%) RPG
Qualifications
1 5 (2.28%) Degree
1 5 (2.28%) ISTQB
2 2 (0.91%) ISEB
2 2 (0.91%) SC Cleared
2 2 (0.91%) Security Cleared
3 1 (0.46%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 21 (9.59%) QA
System Software
1 50 (22.83%) Docker
2 1 (0.46%) HDFS
2 1 (0.46%) Varnish
2 1 (0.46%) Virtual Machines
2 1 (0.46%) VMware Infrastructure
2 1 (0.46%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 37 (16.89%) Kubernetes
2 16 (7.31%) Ansible
3 13 (5.94%) Terraform
4 9 (4.11%) Docker Swarm
5 7 (3.20%) Cobbler
5 7 (3.20%) Opscode Chef
5 7 (3.20%) Puppet
6 6 (2.74%) Marathon
6 6 (2.74%) Mesos
7 4 (1.83%) MIIS
8 1 (0.46%) Hadoop YARN
Vendors
1 16 (7.31%) Google
2 12 (5.48%) Salesforce.com
3 5 (2.28%) Microsoft
4 4 (1.83%) Apple
4 4 (1.83%) MuleSoft
4 4 (1.83%) New Relic
5 3 (1.37%) Atlassian
6 2 (0.91%) iManage
7 1 (0.46%) Birst
7 1 (0.46%) Cognos
7 1 (0.46%) HP
7 1 (0.46%) IBM
7 1 (0.46%) Oracle
7 1 (0.46%) Tableau
7 1 (0.46%) VMware