Period
to 24 June 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for BDD skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited BDD over the 6 months to 24 June 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Behaviour-Driven Development (BDD)
Central London > City of London
6 months to
24 Jun 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 44 39 33
Rank change year-on-year -5 -6 +30
Contract jobs citing BDD 347 338 372
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 5.00% 5.41% 5.62%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 5.73% 6.17% 6.41%
Number of daily rates quoted 296 297 347
City of London median daily rate £520 £500 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +4.00% - +11.11%
10th Percentile £400 £376 £326
90th Percentile £638 £638 £638
Central London median daily rate £513 £500 £488
% change year-on-year +2.50% +2.56% +8.33%
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 0 0
City of London median hourly rate - - -
Central London median hourly rate - - -

BDD is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
City of London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 6,052 5,475 5,803
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 87.27% 87.57% 87.59%
Number of daily rates quoted 4,815 4,235 4,664
City of London median daily rate £513 £500 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.50% +5.26% +5.56%
10th Percentile £334 £313 £305
90th Percentile £688 £675 £650
Central London median daily rate £500 £493 £463
% change year-on-year +1.52% +6.49% +2.78%
Number of hourly rates quoted 96 45 55
City of London median hourly rate £18.70 £20.00 £20.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -6.50% - -12.40%
10th Percentile £12.63 £13.13 £11.50
90th Percentile £37.86 £29.77 £49.55
Central London median hourly rate £19.25 £17.00 £20.00
% change year-on-year +13.24% -15.00% -9.60%

BDD
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing BDD as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for BDD in the City of London

BDD
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing BDD in the City of London.

Contractor daily rate trend for BDD in the City of London

BDD
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing BDD in the City of London over the 6 months to 24 June 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for BDD in the City of London

BDD
Contract Job Locations in the City of London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing BDD within the City of London region over the 6 months to 24 June 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London Bridge -11 2 £413 -8.33%
Moorgate - 1 £400 -
BDD
Central London

For the 6 months to 24 June 2018, IT contractor jobs citing BDD also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for BDD.

1 290 (83.57%) TDD
2 267 (76.95%) Agile Software Development
3 145 (41.79%) Java
4 122 (35.16%) JavaScript
5 100 (28.82%) Scrum
6 95 (27.38%) Git (software)
7 92 (26.51%) Microservices
8 88 (25.36%) Node.js
9 82 (23.63%) Docker
10 81 (23.34%) HTML
11 79 (22.77%) C#
12 78 (22.48%) DevOps
13 77 (22.19%) Amazon AWS
14 74 (21.33%) Continuous Integration
14 74 (21.33%) .NET
15 73 (21.04%) Spring
16 72 (20.75%) CSS
16 72 (20.75%) Test Automation
16 72 (20.75%) REST
17 70 (20.17%) AngularJS
18 67 (19.31%) Finance
19 66 (19.02%) Software Engineering
20 65 (18.73%) Banking
21 62 (17.87%) SQL
21 62 (17.87%) Jenkins
22 60 (17.29%) React
23 58 (16.71%) Java 8
24 57 (16.43%) HTML5
25 53 (15.27%) Microsoft Azure
25 53 (15.27%) Cucumber

BDD
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 25 (7.20%) Cloud Foundry
1 25 (7.20%) Elasticsearch
2 12 (3.46%) Apache Spark
3 11 (3.17%) Apache
4 9 (2.59%) Confluence
4 9 (2.59%) NServiceBus
5 3 (0.86%) CMS
6 2 (0.58%) Apache Airflow
6 2 (0.58%) Luigi
6 2 (0.58%) SharePoint
6 2 (0.58%) Sitecore CMS
6 2 (0.58%) WebLogic
6 2 (0.58%) WordPress
7 1 (0.29%) Adobe Experience Manager
7 1 (0.29%) JBoss
7 1 (0.29%) Oracle Service Bus
7 1 (0.29%) Oracle SOA Suite
7 1 (0.29%) Tomcat
7 1 (0.29%) WebSphere
7 1 (0.29%) WebSphere Application Server
Applications
1 2 (0.58%) Microsoft Excel
2 1 (0.29%) Microsoft Office
2 1 (0.29%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 2 (0.58%) Distributed Ledger
1 2 (0.58%) Dynamics CRM
2 1 (0.29%) Summit
Cloud Services
1 77 (22.19%) Amazon AWS
2 53 (15.27%) Microsoft Azure
3 40 (11.53%) Heroku
4 37 (10.66%) npm
5 19 (5.48%) GitHub
6 18 (5.19%) Google Cloud Platform
7 14 (4.03%) IBM Cloud
8 10 (2.88%) Cloud Computing
9 8 (2.31%) Serverless
10 5 (1.44%) Sauce Labs
11 3 (0.86%) AWS CloudFormation
11 3 (0.86%) BrowserStack
11 3 (0.86%) PaaS
12 2 (0.58%) Amazon Kinesis
12 2 (0.58%) Amazon S3
12 2 (0.58%) AWS Lambda
12 2 (0.58%) TestFlight
12 2 (0.58%) Yarn
13 1 (0.29%) BlazeMeter
13 1 (0.29%) Salesforce Service Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 27 (7.78%) HTTP
2 24 (6.92%) DNS
3 23 (6.63%) TCP/IP
4 22 (6.34%) FTP
4 22 (6.34%) SSL
5 8 (2.31%) Firewall
6 1 (0.29%) AMQP
6 1 (0.29%) Intranet
6 1 (0.29%) Network Security
Database & Business Intelligence
1 43 (12.39%) NoSQL
2 36 (10.37%) MongoDB
3 33 (9.51%) PostgreSQL
4 28 (8.07%) SQL Server
5 18 (5.19%) Redis
6 12 (3.46%) MySQL
7 8 (2.31%) Big Data
8 7 (2.02%) Data Lake
9 6 (1.73%) Hadoop
10 5 (1.44%) Couchbase
10 5 (1.44%) Relational Database
11 4 (1.15%) Amazon DynamoDB
12 3 (0.86%) Blockchain
12 3 (0.86%) Power BI
12 3 (0.86%) RavenDB
13 2 (0.58%) Apache Hive
13 2 (0.58%) LevelDB
13 2 (0.58%) Neo4j
13 2 (0.58%) SQL Server 2012
13 2 (0.58%) SQL Server 2014
Development Applications
1 95 (27.38%) Git (software)
2 62 (17.87%) Jenkins
3 53 (15.27%) Cucumber
4 52 (14.99%) Maven
5 50 (14.41%) Selenium
6 38 (10.95%) GitLab
7 31 (8.93%) Sonatype Nexus
8 29 (8.36%) SpecFlow
9 28 (8.07%) JIRA
10 24 (6.92%) webpack
11 23 (6.63%) Ant
12 22 (6.34%) Gradle
12 22 (6.34%) SonarQube
13 20 (5.76%) TeamCity
14 19 (5.48%) gulp
14 19 (5.48%) Mockito
15 18 (5.19%) Gerrit
15 18 (5.19%) JUnit
16 16 (4.61%) Babel
17 15 (4.32%) Gatling
General
1 67 (19.31%) Finance
2 65 (18.73%) Banking
3 15 (4.32%) Investment Banking
3 15 (4.32%) Retail
4 13 (3.75%) Retail Banking
5 9 (2.59%) Games
6 7 (2.02%) Financial Institution
6 7 (2.02%) Marketing
7 4 (1.15%) Front Office
8 2 (0.58%) Advertising
8 2 (0.58%) Private Banking
9 1 (0.29%) Legal
9 1 (0.29%) Wholesale Banking
Job Titles
1 215 (61.96%) Developer
2 84 (24.21%) Java Developer
3 37 (10.66%) Senior Developer
4 28 (8.07%) DevOps Engineer
5 26 (7.49%) .NET Developer
6 24 (6.92%) Agile Developer
7 22 (6.34%) React Developer
8 21 (6.05%) Agile Java Developer
9 20 (5.76%) C# Developer
9 20 (5.76%) Full Stack Developer
10 18 (5.19%) JavaScript Developer
10 18 (5.19%) Senior DevOps
11 16 (4.61%) Kubernetes Engineer
12 15 (4.32%) Senior DevOps Engineer
12 15 (4.32%) Software Engineer
13 14 (4.03%) QA Engineer
13 14 (4.03%) Senior Java Developer
14 13 (3.75%) Tester
15 12 (3.46%) Java Engineer
16 11 (3.17%) Angular Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 88 (25.36%) Node.js
2 81 (23.34%) HTML
3 74 (21.33%) .NET
4 73 (21.04%) Spring
5 72 (20.75%) CSS
5 72 (20.75%) REST
6 70 (20.17%) AngularJS
7 60 (17.29%) React
8 57 (16.43%) HTML5
9 36 (10.37%) RESTful
10 34 (9.80%) Web Services
11 32 (9.22%) Spring Boot
12 29 (8.36%) SOAP
13 28 (8.07%) ASP.NET
14 26 (7.49%) ASP.NET Web API
14 26 (7.49%) CSS3
15 25 (7.20%) OAuth
16 24 (6.92%) OAuth2
17 22 (6.34%) Dropwizard
18 21 (6.05%) Hibernate
Miscellaneous
1 38 (10.95%) Greenfield Project
2 31 (8.93%) Fintech
3 28 (8.07%) iPad
4 16 (4.61%) Mobile App
5 15 (4.32%) User Experience
6 10 (2.88%) Derivative
6 10 (2.88%) Linux Command Line
7 9 (2.59%) Credit Risk
7 9 (2.59%) Self-Motivation
8 7 (2.02%) Enterprise Software
8 7 (2.02%) Equity Derivative
9 6 (1.73%) Analytical Skills
10 5 (1.44%) Equities
10 5 (1.44%) Wiki
11 3 (0.86%) Computer Science
11 3 (0.86%) Fixed Income
11 3 (0.86%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
11 3 (0.86%) Market Risk
11 3 (0.86%) Video on Demand
11 3 (0.86%) Video\Live Streaming
Operating Systems
1 36 (10.37%) Linux
2 22 (6.34%) Unix
3 16 (4.61%) Apple iOS
4 14 (4.03%) Android
5 2 (0.58%) Windows
6 1 (0.29%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 1 (0.29%) Solaris
Processes & Methodologies
1 290 (83.57%) TDD
2 267 (76.95%) Agile Software Development
3 100 (28.82%) Scrum
4 92 (26.51%) Microservices
5 78 (22.48%) DevOps
6 74 (21.33%) Continuous Integration
7 72 (20.75%) Test Automation
8 66 (19.02%) Software Engineering
9 53 (15.27%) Pair Programming
10 50 (14.41%) MVC
11 46 (13.26%) E-Commerce
11 46 (13.26%) Kanban
12 33 (9.51%) Digital Transformation Programme
13 32 (9.22%) Unit Testing
14 31 (8.93%) Continuous Delivery
14 31 (8.93%) Domain-Driven Design
15 29 (8.36%) Continuous Improvement
16 26 (7.49%) SOA
17 24 (6.92%) OO
18 23 (6.63%) OWASP
Programming Languages
1 145 (41.79%) Java
2 122 (35.16%) JavaScript
3 79 (22.77%) C#
4 62 (17.87%) SQL
5 58 (16.71%) Java 8
6 44 (12.68%) Groovy
7 43 (12.39%) Python
8 38 (10.95%) ES6
8 38 (10.95%) Ruby
9 36 (10.37%) Scala
10 27 (7.78%) TypeScript
11 23 (6.63%) Bash Shell
12 7 (2.02%) PHP
12 7 (2.02%) T-SQL
13 6 (1.73%) Kotlin
13 6 (1.73%) Shell Script
14 5 (1.44%) Apple Swift
15 4 (1.15%) Go
16 3 (0.86%) Java 9
17 2 (0.58%) U-SQL
Qualifications
1 6 (1.73%) Degree
1 6 (1.73%) Security Cleared
2 4 (1.15%) SC Cleared
3 3 (0.86%) Computer Science Degree
4 2 (0.58%) DV Cleared
4 2 (0.58%) ISEB
4 2 (0.58%) ISTQB
5 1 (0.29%) AWS Certification
5 1 (0.29%) CBAP
5 1 (0.29%) DBS Check
5 1 (0.29%) IIBA
5 1 (0.29%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
5 1 (0.29%) Numerate Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 53 (15.27%) QA
2 16 (4.61%) GCP
3 3 (0.86%) PCI DSS
3 3 (0.86%) PMO
3 3 (0.86%) PSD2
4 1 (0.29%) Data Quality
4 1 (0.29%) ISO 20022
4 1 (0.29%) ISO 8583
4 1 (0.29%) MiFID
System Software
1 82 (23.63%) Docker
2 1 (0.29%) HDFS
Systems Management
1 39 (11.24%) Kubernetes
2 29 (8.36%) Mesos
3 21 (6.05%) Consul
3 21 (6.05%) Docker Swarm
4 11 (3.17%) Ansible
5 9 (2.59%) Opscode Chef
5 9 (2.59%) Puppet
6 8 (2.31%) Marathon
6 8 (2.31%) Terraform
7 5 (1.44%) Grafana
7 5 (1.44%) Kibana
7 5 (1.44%) logstash
8 3 (0.86%) HockeyApp
9 2 (0.58%) Control-M
10 1 (0.29%) EMC NetWorker
10 1 (0.29%) Hadoop YARN
10 1 (0.29%) HP ALM
10 1 (0.29%) HP Quality Center
Vendors
1 18 (5.19%) Splunk
2 16 (4.61%) IBM
3 15 (4.32%) Microsoft
3 15 (4.32%) Oracle
4 12 (3.46%) AppDynamics
5 7 (2.02%) Sitecore
6 5 (1.44%) Atlassian
6 5 (1.44%) DevExpress
7 4 (1.15%) TIBCO
8 3 (0.86%) Apple
8 3 (0.86%) Sybase
9 2 (0.58%) Cadence
9 2 (0.58%) Cypress Semiconductor
9 2 (0.58%) Google
9 2 (0.58%) Salesforce.com
10 1 (0.29%) Adobe
10 1 (0.29%) Bloomberg
10 1 (0.29%) Coverity
10 1 (0.29%) Murex
10 1 (0.29%) Perfecto Mobile