Period
to 17 October 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for BDD skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited BDD over the 6 months to 17 October 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Behaviour-Driven Development (BDD)
Central London > City of London
6 months to
17 Oct 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 40 42 32
Rank change year-on-year +2 -10 +14
Contract jobs citing BDD 372 333 402
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 5.30% 4.85% 6.01%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 6.12% 5.45% 6.83%
Number of daily rates quoted 320 287 372
City of London median daily rate £525 £525 £513
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +2.44% +9.04%
10th Percentile £419 £375 £363
90th Percentile £650 £650 £650
Central London median daily rate £525 £513 £500
% change year-on-year +2.44% +2.50% +5.26%
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 0 0
City of London median hourly rate - - -
Central London median hourly rate - - -

BDD is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
City of London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 6,076 6,115 5,882
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 86.54% 89.15% 87.92%
Number of daily rates quoted 4,839 4,815 4,724
City of London median daily rate £505 £500 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +1.00% +5.26% +2.70%
10th Percentile £325 £325 £313
90th Percentile £675 £675 £663
Central London median daily rate £500 £500 £475
% change year-on-year - +5.26% +5.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 98 56 51
City of London median hourly rate £18.70 £18.70 £19.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - -1.58% -5.00%
10th Percentile £13.00 £13.31 £11.25
90th Percentile £33.23 £31.13 £55.00
Central London median hourly rate £18.70 £18.70 £19.00
% change year-on-year - -1.58% -5.00%

BDD
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing BDD as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for BDD in the City of London

BDD
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing BDD in the City of London.

Contractor daily rate trend for BDD in the City of London

BDD
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing BDD in the City of London over the 6 months to 17 October 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for BDD in the City of London

BDD
Contract Job Locations in the City of London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing BDD within the City of London region over the 6 months to 17 October 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Moorgate - 2 £525 -
BDD
Central London

For the 6 months to 17 October 2018, IT contractor jobs citing BDD also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for BDD.

1 314 (84.41%) TDD
2 279 (75.00%) Agile Software Development
3 159 (42.74%) Java
4 133 (35.75%) JavaScript
5 105 (28.23%) HTML
6 104 (27.96%) Scrum
7 94 (25.27%) Docker
8 93 (25.00%) Git (software)
8 93 (25.00%) Finance
8 93 (25.00%) Spring
9 87 (23.39%) CSS
10 85 (22.85%) Test Automation
11 84 (22.58%) Microservices
12 82 (22.04%) DevOps
13 80 (21.51%) Amazon AWS
14 78 (20.97%) REST
15 77 (20.70%) AngularJS
16 71 (19.09%) Continuous Integration
17 70 (18.82%) .NET
17 70 (18.82%) Banking
18 68 (18.28%) SQL
18 68 (18.28%) C#
19 60 (16.13%) Selenium
19 60 (16.13%) HTML5
20 58 (15.59%) Node.js
20 58 (15.59%) Cucumber
20 58 (15.59%) Jenkins
20 58 (15.59%) Java 8
21 57 (15.32%) Software Engineering
21 57 (15.32%) Python

BDD
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 30 (8.06%) Elasticsearch
2 21 (5.65%) Apache Spark
3 18 (4.84%) Cloud Foundry
4 14 (3.76%) Apache
5 13 (3.49%) Confluence
6 12 (3.23%) NServiceBus
7 11 (2.96%) CMS
8 9 (2.42%) WebLogic
9 8 (2.15%) JBoss
10 4 (1.08%) Apache Airflow
10 4 (1.08%) IIS
11 3 (0.81%) Tomcat
12 2 (0.54%) Gunicorn
12 2 (0.54%) Luigi
12 2 (0.54%) Mule
12 2 (0.54%) Oracle SOA Suite
13 1 (0.27%) Alfresco
13 1 (0.27%) Content Management Server
13 1 (0.27%) Sitecore CMS
13 1 (0.27%) WebSphere
Applications
1 1 (0.27%) Adobe Illustrator
1 1 (0.27%) InVision
1 1 (0.27%) Microsoft Excel
1 1 (0.27%) Microsoft Office
1 1 (0.27%) Microsoft PowerPoint
1 1 (0.27%) Microsoft Project
1 1 (0.27%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 2 (0.54%) Distributed Ledger
2 1 (0.27%) Dynamics CRM
2 1 (0.27%) Summit
Cloud Services
1 80 (21.51%) Amazon AWS
2 52 (13.98%) Microsoft Azure
3 32 (8.60%) Heroku
4 25 (6.72%) Google Cloud Platform
5 23 (6.18%) npm
6 21 (5.65%) GitHub
7 13 (3.49%) IBM Cloud
8 10 (2.69%) Cloud Computing
9 7 (1.88%) PaaS
10 6 (1.61%) Serverless
11 3 (0.81%) Amazon Kinesis
11 3 (0.81%) AWS Lambda
11 3 (0.81%) BrowserStack
11 3 (0.81%) Slack
12 2 (0.54%) Amazon EC2
12 2 (0.54%) Amazon S3
12 2 (0.54%) AWS CloudFormation
12 2 (0.54%) Azure Active Directory
12 2 (0.54%) SaaS
12 2 (0.54%) Sauce Labs
Communications & Networking
1 18 (4.84%) HTTP
2 16 (4.30%) DNS
3 14 (3.76%) FTP
3 14 (3.76%) SSL
3 14 (3.76%) TCP/IP
4 1 (0.27%) AMQP
4 1 (0.27%) Firewall
4 1 (0.27%) HTTPS
4 1 (0.27%) LAN
4 1 (0.27%) Network Security
Database & Business Intelligence
1 42 (11.29%) SQL Server
2 41 (11.02%) NoSQL
3 28 (7.53%) MongoDB
4 27 (7.26%) PostgreSQL
5 20 (5.38%) Relational Database
6 14 (3.76%) Redis
7 11 (2.96%) Hadoop
7 11 (2.96%) MySQL
8 9 (2.42%) Couchbase
9 8 (2.15%) Big Data
9 8 (2.15%) Impala
10 7 (1.88%) Apache Cassandra
10 7 (1.88%) Apache Hive
10 7 (1.88%) Data Lake
11 5 (1.34%) HBase
11 5 (1.34%) SQL Server 2012
12 4 (1.08%) Amazon Redshift
12 4 (1.08%) Apache Kudu
12 4 (1.08%) BigQuery
13 3 (0.81%) Amazon DynamoDB
Development Applications
1 93 (25.00%) Git (software)
2 60 (16.13%) Selenium
3 58 (15.59%) Cucumber
3 58 (15.59%) Jenkins
4 50 (13.44%) Maven
5 40 (10.75%) JUnit
6 35 (9.41%) Mockito
6 35 (9.41%) SpecFlow
7 31 (8.33%) GitLab
8 26 (6.99%) JIRA
9 25 (6.72%) WebDriver
10 23 (6.18%) SonarQube
11 20 (5.38%) Ant
11 20 (5.38%) Sonatype Nexus
12 18 (4.84%) Gerrit
13 17 (4.57%) Gradle
14 12 (3.23%) Appium
14 12 (3.23%) JMeter
14 12 (3.23%) Visual Studio
15 11 (2.96%) NUnit
General
1 93 (25.00%) Finance
2 70 (18.82%) Banking
3 22 (5.91%) Investment Banking
4 15 (4.03%) Retail
5 10 (2.69%) Front Office
5 10 (2.69%) Law
6 8 (2.15%) Advertising
6 8 (2.15%) Retail Banking
7 7 (1.88%) Pharmaceutical
8 6 (1.61%) Games
9 5 (1.34%) Marketing
10 4 (1.08%) Financial Institution
10 4 (1.08%) Telecoms
11 1 (0.27%) Automotive
Job Titles
1 245 (65.86%) Developer
2 111 (29.84%) Java Developer
3 42 (11.29%) Senior Developer
4 29 (7.80%) .NET Developer
5 27 (7.26%) Full Stack Developer
6 23 (6.18%) React Developer
7 22 (5.91%) DevOps Engineer
8 20 (5.38%) Agile Developer
8 20 (5.38%) Agile Java Developer
8 20 (5.38%) QA Engineer
9 19 (5.11%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
9 19 (5.11%) Lead Developer
9 19 (5.11%) Senior Java Developer
10 17 (4.57%) Kubernetes Engineer
11 16 (4.30%) Analyst
11 16 (4.30%) JavaScript Developer
12 15 (4.03%) C# Developer
12 15 (4.03%) Scala Developer
13 14 (3.76%) Senior DevOps Engineer
13 14 (3.76%) Test Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 105 (28.23%) HTML
2 93 (25.00%) Spring
3 87 (23.39%) CSS
4 78 (20.97%) REST
5 77 (20.70%) AngularJS
6 70 (18.82%) .NET
7 60 (16.13%) HTML5
8 58 (15.59%) Node.js
9 53 (14.25%) React
10 50 (13.44%) RESTful
11 36 (9.68%) Web Services
12 35 (9.41%) Spring Boot
13 28 (7.53%) CSS3
14 26 (6.99%) Hibernate
14 26 (6.99%) Kafka
14 26 (6.99%) RabbitMQ
14 26 (6.99%) Sass
15 21 (5.65%) OAuth
16 19 (5.11%) ASP.NET
16 19 (5.11%) SOAP
Miscellaneous
1 51 (13.71%) Greenfield Project
2 43 (11.56%) Fintech
3 31 (8.33%) iPad
3 31 (8.33%) User Experience
4 18 (4.84%) Computer Science
5 15 (4.03%) Data Structures
6 13 (3.49%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
6 13 (3.49%) Mobile App
7 11 (2.96%) Derivative
7 11 (2.96%) Equities
8 10 (2.69%) Analytical Skills
9 9 (2.42%) Fixed Income
9 9 (2.42%) Self-Motivation
10 7 (1.88%) Credit Risk
11 6 (1.61%) Equity Derivative
12 5 (1.34%) Algorithms
12 5 (1.34%) Enterprise Software
13 3 (0.81%) PKI
13 3 (0.81%) Video\Live Streaming
14 2 (0.54%) Management Information System
Operating Systems
1 40 (10.75%) Linux
2 24 (6.45%) Unix
3 17 (4.57%) Apple iOS
4 8 (2.15%) Android
5 4 (1.08%) Windows
6 3 (0.81%) VMS
7 1 (0.27%) Mac OS
7 1 (0.27%) Mac OS X
Processes & Methodologies
1 314 (84.41%) TDD
2 279 (75.00%) Agile Software Development
3 104 (27.96%) Scrum
4 85 (22.85%) Test Automation
5 84 (22.58%) Microservices
6 82 (22.04%) DevOps
7 71 (19.09%) Continuous Integration
8 57 (15.32%) Software Engineering
9 53 (14.25%) OO
10 52 (13.98%) Kanban
11 49 (13.17%) Pair Programming
12 40 (10.75%) E-Commerce
13 38 (10.22%) MVC
13 38 (10.22%) Unit Testing
14 35 (9.41%) Multithreading
15 32 (8.60%) Front End Development
16 30 (8.06%) Digital Transformation Programme
17 27 (7.26%) Continuous Delivery
18 26 (6.99%) OOP
19 24 (6.45%) SDLC
Programming Languages
1 159 (42.74%) Java
2 133 (35.75%) JavaScript
3 68 (18.28%) C#
3 68 (18.28%) SQL
4 58 (15.59%) Java 8
5 57 (15.32%) Python
6 35 (9.41%) Ruby
6 35 (9.41%) TypeScript
7 32 (8.60%) Scala
8 28 (7.53%) Groovy
9 27 (7.26%) ES6
10 21 (5.65%) Bash Shell
11 15 (4.03%) T-SQL
12 7 (1.88%) Kotlin
13 6 (1.61%) PL/SQL
13 6 (1.61%) PowerShell
14 5 (1.34%) Shell Script
15 3 (0.81%) Apple Swift
16 2 (0.54%) Clojure
16 2 (0.54%) PHP
Qualifications
1 26 (6.99%) Degree
2 16 (4.30%) Computer Science Degree
3 3 (0.81%) Master's Degree
3 3 (0.81%) Security Cleared
4 2 (0.54%) ISEB
4 2 (0.54%) ISTQB
4 2 (0.54%) SC Cleared
5 1 (0.27%) AWS Certification
5 1 (0.27%) DV Cleared
5 1 (0.27%) Numerate Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 53 (14.25%) QA
2 3 (0.81%) Disclosure Scotland
3 2 (0.54%) Data Quality
3 2 (0.54%) PSD2
4 1 (0.27%) MiFID
4 1 (0.27%) PCI DSS
System Software
1 94 (25.27%) Docker
2 5 (1.34%) HDFS
3 2 (0.54%) Active Directory
3 2 (0.54%) VMware Infrastructure
3 2 (0.54%) vSphere
4 1 (0.27%) Virtual Machines
Systems Management
1 40 (10.75%) Kubernetes
2 29 (7.80%) Ansible
3 25 (6.72%) Mesos
4 19 (5.11%) Consul
5 11 (2.96%) Terraform
6 8 (2.15%) Docker Swarm
7 7 (1.88%) Kibana
7 7 (1.88%) logstash
8 6 (1.61%) Marathon
8 6 (1.61%) Puppet
9 5 (1.34%) Grafana
9 5 (1.34%) Opscode Chef
10 4 (1.08%) Hadoop YARN
11 3 (0.81%) Single Sign-On
12 1 (0.27%) Control-M
12 1 (0.27%) Oozie
Vendors
1 25 (6.72%) Oracle
2 21 (5.65%) Microsoft
3 16 (4.30%) IBM
4 12 (3.23%) Sybase
5 10 (2.69%) Apple
5 10 (2.69%) Splunk
6 8 (2.15%) Atlassian
7 7 (1.88%) Google
7 7 (1.88%) Salesforce.com
8 6 (1.61%) AppDynamics
8 6 (1.61%) Escenic
9 4 (1.08%) Cloudera
9 4 (1.08%) Perfecto Mobile
9 4 (1.08%) TIBCO
10 3 (0.81%) Cadence
11 2 (0.54%) Apigee
11 2 (0.54%) VMware
12 1 (0.27%) DevExpress
12 1 (0.27%) ServiceNow
12 1 (0.27%) Sitecore