Period
to 22 April 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for BDD skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited BDD over the 6 months to 22 April 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Behaviour-Driven Development (BDD)
Central London > City of London
6 months to
22 Apr 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 49 61 53
Rank change year-on-year +12 -8 -10
Contract jobs citing BDD 106 132 295
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the City of London 4.24% 3.46% 4.39%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 4.69% 3.97% 4.90%
Number of daily rates quoted 79 116 246
10th Percentile £441 £413 £424
25th Percentile £516 £500 £469
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £600 £550 £550
Median % change year-on-year +9.09% - +7.32%
75th Percentile £638 £613 £638
90th Percentile £688 £675 £675
Central London median daily rate £600 £550 £550
% change year-on-year +9.09% - +7.32%

BDD is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
City of London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 2,259 3,326 6,020
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 90.36% 87.30% 89.66%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,659 2,482 4,661
10th Percentile £337 £332 £325
25th Percentile £425 £413 £425
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £525 £525
75th Percentile £619 £613 £600
90th Percentile £700 £675 £675
Central London median daily rate £525 £510 £525
% change year-on-year +2.94% -2.86% +5.00%
Number of hourly rates quoted 20 50 50
10th Percentile £11.95 £12.42 £11.25
25th Percentile £13.25 £14.00 £16.06
Median hourly rate £23.23 £23.43 £21.32
Median % change year-on-year -0.86% +9.87% +10.05%
75th Percentile £27.25 £38.75 £33.69
90th Percentile £40.83 £52.33 £37.95
Central London median hourly rate £21.00 £23.43 £21.34
% change year-on-year -10.36% +9.78% +6.70%

BDD
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing BDD as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for BDD in the City of London

BDD
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing BDD in the City of London.

Daily rate trend for BDD in the City of London

BDD
Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing BDD in the City of London over the 6 months to 22 April 2021.

Daily rate histogram for BDD in the City of London

For the 6 months to 22 April 2021, IT contractor jobs citing BDD also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for BDD.

1 94 (88.68%) TDD
2 85 (80.19%) Agile Software Development
3 51 (48.11%) Java
4 42 (39.62%) Git (software)
5 41 (38.68%) Azure
6 40 (37.74%) Test Automation
7 34 (32.08%) Continuous Improvement
7 34 (32.08%) .NET
8 31 (29.25%) SQL
9 30 (28.30%) User Stories
10 27 (25.47%) Finance
10 27 (25.47%) SDLC
11 26 (24.53%) DevOps
12 22 (20.75%) Front Office
13 21 (19.81%) Microservices
13 21 (19.81%) Low Latency
14 20 (18.87%) Scrum
14 20 (18.87%) Banking
14 20 (18.87%) Critical Thinking
15 19 (17.92%) Scaled Agile Framework
15 19 (17.92%) Data Analysis
15 19 (17.92%) Continuous Integration
15 19 (17.92%) C#
15 19 (17.92%) Analytics
16 18 (16.98%) Tableau
16 18 (16.98%) Multithreading
16 18 (16.98%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
16 18 (16.98%) Fixed Income
17 17 (16.04%) JIRA
17 17 (16.04%) Data Integration

BDD
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 6 (5.66%) Confluence
1 6 (5.66%) NServiceBus
2 3 (2.83%) Apache Spark
3 2 (1.89%) Elasticsearch
3 2 (1.89%) nginx
4 1 (0.94%) Anypoint
4 1 (0.94%) Camunda
4 1 (0.94%) JBoss
4 1 (0.94%) Jupyter
4 1 (0.94%) Mule
4 1 (0.94%) Red Hat Fuse
Applications
1 3 (2.83%) Microsoft Office
1 3 (2.83%) MS Visio
Cloud Services
1 41 (38.68%) Azure
2 13 (12.26%) AWS
3 8 (7.55%) Serverless
4 6 (5.66%) Azure Functions
4 6 (5.66%) Azure Service Bus
5 5 (4.72%) GitHub
6 2 (1.89%) Azure Data Factory
7 1 (0.94%) Apigee
7 1 (0.94%) Cloud Computing
7 1 (0.94%) GCP
7 1 (0.94%) OpenShift
7 1 (0.94%) PaaS
7 1 (0.94%) Power Platform
7 1 (0.94%) SaaS
7 1 (0.94%) Salesforce Service Cloud
7 1 (0.94%) Slack
Communications & Networking
1 3 (2.83%) HTTP
2 2 (1.89%) DNS
2 2 (1.89%) FTP
2 2 (1.89%) SSL
2 2 (1.89%) TCP/IP
3 1 (0.94%) Internet
Database & Business Intelligence
1 18 (16.98%) Tableau
2 17 (16.04%) Tableau Desktop
2 17 (16.04%) Tableau Server
3 7 (6.60%) SQL Server
4 5 (4.72%) MongoDB
5 4 (3.77%) MySQL
6 3 (2.83%) Data Warehouse
6 3 (2.83%) Hadoop
7 2 (1.89%) MS Access
7 2 (1.89%) NoSQL
7 2 (1.89%) Relational Database
8 1 (0.94%) Apache Hive
8 1 (0.94%) Cloud Spanner
8 1 (0.94%) Data Lake
8 1 (0.94%) Looker
8 1 (0.94%) PostgreSQL
8 1 (0.94%) Power BI
8 1 (0.94%) SQL Server Analysis Services
8 1 (0.94%) SQL Server Integration Services
8 1 (0.94%) SQL Server Reporting Services
Development Applications
1 42 (39.62%) Git (software)
2 17 (16.04%) JIRA
2 17 (16.04%) Octopus Deploy
3 11 (10.38%) Jenkins
4 9 (8.49%) Selenium
5 8 (7.55%) Cucumber
6 7 (6.60%) JUnit
6 7 (6.60%) Maven
7 6 (5.66%) Visual Studio
8 4 (3.77%) Eclipse
8 4 (3.77%) IntelliJ
8 4 (3.77%) Jasmine
8 4 (3.77%) Postman
8 4 (3.77%) Team Foundation Server
9 3 (2.83%) Gatling
9 3 (2.83%) GitLab
9 3 (2.83%) Gradle
9 3 (2.83%) jMock
9 3 (2.83%) Mockito
9 3 (2.83%) REST Assured
General
1 27 (25.47%) Finance
2 22 (20.75%) Front Office
3 20 (18.87%) Banking
4 4 (3.77%) Retail
5 3 (2.83%) Public Sector
6 1 (0.94%) Investment Banking
6 1 (0.94%) Marketing
6 1 (0.94%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 84 (79.25%) Developer
2 34 (32.08%) Java Developer
3 14 (13.21%) Analyst
4 11 (10.38%) Analyst Developer
5 8 (7.55%) .NET Developer
5 8 (7.55%) C# Developer
6 7 (6.60%) E-Commerce Developer
6 7 (6.60%) Risk Analyst
7 6 (5.66%) Asset Management Analyst
7 6 (5.66%) Java E-Commerce Developer
7 6 (5.66%) Risk Management Analyst
7 6 (5.66%) Senior Developer
7 6 (5.66%) SQL Developer
7 6 (5.66%) Tester
8 4 (3.77%) Front Office Developer
8 4 (3.77%) React Developer
9 3 (2.83%) Automation Tester
9 3 (2.83%) Business Analyst
9 3 (2.83%) Senior .NET Developer
10 2 (1.89%) Android Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 34 (32.08%) .NET
2 10 (9.43%) AngularJS
2 10 (9.43%) Spring
3 9 (8.49%) Kafka
4 8 (7.55%) REST
5 6 (5.66%) CSS
5 6 (5.66%) HTML
5 6 (5.66%) Node.js
5 6 (5.66%) React
5 6 (5.66%) RESTful
6 5 (4.72%) Gherkin
6 5 (4.72%) HTML5
6 5 (4.72%) SOAP
6 5 (4.72%) Web Services
7 4 (3.77%) Jest
7 4 (3.77%) RAML
7 4 (3.77%) Spring Boot
7 4 (3.77%) Swagger
8 3 (2.83%) WCF
8 3 (2.83%) WireMock
Miscellaneous
1 18 (16.98%) Fixed Income
1 18 (16.98%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
2 17 (16.04%) Self-Motivation
3 15 (14.15%) Enterprise Software
4 9 (8.49%) Greenfield Project
5 8 (7.55%) Derivative
6 6 (5.66%) Analytical Skills
7 5 (4.72%) Interest Rate Derivative
8 3 (2.83%) Data Structures
8 3 (2.83%) Equities
8 3 (2.83%) Mobile App
9 2 (1.89%) Algorithms
10 1 (0.94%) Cyberattack
Operating Systems
1 3 (2.83%) Apple iOS
1 3 (2.83%) Linux
2 2 (1.89%) Android
2 2 (1.89%) Unix
Processes & Methodologies
1 94 (88.68%) TDD
2 85 (80.19%) Agile Software Development
3 40 (37.74%) Test Automation
4 34 (32.08%) Continuous Improvement
5 30 (28.30%) User Stories
6 27 (25.47%) SDLC
7 26 (24.53%) DevOps
8 21 (19.81%) Low Latency
8 21 (19.81%) Microservices
9 20 (18.87%) Critical Thinking
9 20 (18.87%) Scrum
10 19 (17.92%) Analytics
10 19 (17.92%) Continuous Integration
10 19 (17.92%) Data Analysis
10 19 (17.92%) Scaled Agile Framework
11 18 (16.98%) Multithreading
12 17 (16.04%) Data Integration
12 17 (16.04%) Data Visualisation
12 17 (16.04%) Problem-Solving
12 17 (16.04%) Visualisation
Programming Languages
1 51 (48.11%) Java
2 31 (29.25%) SQL
3 19 (17.92%) C#
4 15 (14.15%) Java 8
5 12 (11.32%) JavaScript
6 10 (9.43%) TypeScript
7 5 (4.72%) Go
7 5 (4.72%) Kotlin
7 5 (4.72%) Scala
8 4 (3.77%) Python
9 3 (2.83%) Ruby
10 2 (1.89%) Bash Shell
11 1 (0.94%) Apex Code
11 1 (0.94%) Apple Swift
11 1 (0.94%) C++
11 1 (0.94%) ES6
11 1 (0.94%) Groovy
11 1 (0.94%) Objective-C
11 1 (0.94%) PL/SQL
11 1 (0.94%) PowerShell
Qualifications
1 7 (6.60%) Security Cleared
2 6 (5.66%) SC Cleared
3 1 (0.94%) BC Cleared
3 1 (0.94%) Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 8 (7.55%) QA
System Software
1 14 (13.21%) Docker
Systems Management
1 11 (10.38%) Kubernetes
2 2 (1.89%) Docker Swarm
2 2 (1.89%) Terraform
Vendors
1 5 (4.72%) Oracle
2 4 (3.77%) Atlassian
2 4 (3.77%) Microsoft
3 3 (2.83%) Salesforce.com
4 2 (1.89%) Xamarin
5 1 (0.94%) Confluent
5 1 (0.94%) HP
5 1 (0.94%) MuleSoft
5 1 (0.94%) Murex
5 1 (0.94%) Pardot
5 1 (0.94%) Perfecto Mobile
5 1 (0.94%) Splunk
5 1 (0.94%) Sybase