Period
to 23 February 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for BDD skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited BDD over the 6 months to 23 February 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Behaviour-Driven Development (BDD)
Central London > City of London
6 months to
23 Feb 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 41 32 35
Rank change year-on-year -9 +3 +30
Contract jobs citing BDD 365 355 316
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 5.13% 5.79% 4.69%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 5.84% 6.65% 5.44%
Number of daily rates quoted 324 330 296
City of London median daily rate £525 £525 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +16.67% -
10th Percentile £400 £375 £325
90th Percentile £638 £644 £613
Central London median daily rate £520 £525 £463
% change year-on-year -0.95% +13.51% +2.78%
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 0 0
City of London median hourly rate - - -
Central London median hourly rate - - -

BDD is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
City of London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 6,245 5,342 5,814
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 87.78% 87.13% 86.31%
Number of daily rates quoted 4,971 4,246 4,651
City of London median daily rate £510 £488 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +4.62% +2.63% +5.56%
10th Percentile £335 £313 £293
90th Percentile £695 £675 £650
Central London median daily rate £500 £475 £463
% change year-on-year +5.26% +2.70% +2.78%
Number of hourly rates quoted 73 49 59
City of London median hourly rate £19.50 £20.50 £21.13
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -4.88% -2.98% +10.82%
10th Percentile £11.65 £13.69 £11.93
90th Percentile £41.30 £55.00 £51.90
Central London median hourly rate £21.00 £19.46 £21.13
% change year-on-year +7.91% -7.90% +17.39%

BDD
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing BDD as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for BDD in the City of London

BDD
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing BDD in the City of London.

Contractor daily rate trend for BDD in the City of London

BDD
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing BDD in the City of London over the 6 months to 23 February 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for BDD in the City of London

BDD
Contract Job Locations in the City of London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing BDD within the City of London region over the 6 months to 23 February 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London Bridge - 3 £413 -
BDD
Central London

For the 6 months to 23 February 2018, IT contractor jobs citing BDD also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for BDD.

1 294 (80.55%) Agile Software Development
2 293 (80.27%) TDD
3 178 (48.77%) Java
4 163 (44.66%) JavaScript
5 119 (32.60%) Test Automation
6 107 (29.32%) Continuous Integration
7 104 (28.49%) Finance
8 102 (27.95%) Git (software)
9 90 (24.66%) C#
10 89 (24.38%) HTML
11 86 (23.56%) Scrum
12 85 (23.29%) Software Engineering
13 82 (22.47%) AngularJS
14 79 (21.64%) MVC
15 77 (21.10%) .NET
15 77 (21.10%) Banking
15 77 (21.10%) Microservices
16 76 (20.82%) Spring
17 75 (20.55%) Jenkins
18 74 (20.27%) Node.js
19 73 (20.00%) CSS
20 70 (19.18%) HTML5
20 70 (19.18%) Cucumber
21 67 (18.36%) Selenium
22 66 (18.08%) SQL
22 66 (18.08%) React
23 65 (17.81%) Docker
23 65 (17.81%) DevOps
23 65 (17.81%) QA
24 64 (17.53%) Amazon AWS

BDD
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 18 (4.93%) Elasticsearch
2 15 (4.11%) Cloud Foundry
3 14 (3.84%) Apache Spark
4 12 (3.29%) Confluence
5 5 (1.37%) CMS
6 3 (0.82%) Adobe Experience Manager
6 3 (0.82%) Mule
7 2 (0.55%) JBoss
7 2 (0.55%) Oracle Service Bus
7 2 (0.55%) Oracle SOA Suite
7 2 (0.55%) Sitecore CMS
8 1 (0.27%) Apache Pig
8 1 (0.27%) IIS
8 1 (0.27%) NServiceBus
8 1 (0.27%) SharePoint
8 1 (0.27%) WebLogic
8 1 (0.27%) WebSphere
8 1 (0.27%) WebSphere Application Server
8 1 (0.27%) WildFly
Applications
1 3 (0.82%) Microsoft Excel
2 2 (0.55%) MS Visio
3 1 (0.27%) Microsoft Office
Business Applications
1 2 (0.55%) Dynamics CRM
Cloud Services
1 64 (17.53%) Amazon AWS
2 31 (8.49%) Microsoft Azure
3 26 (7.12%) npm
4 16 (4.38%) Heroku
5 6 (1.64%) Serverless
6 5 (1.37%) GitHub
6 5 (1.37%) Google Play
7 4 (1.10%) BlazeMeter
7 4 (1.10%) BrowserStack
7 4 (1.10%) PaaS
7 4 (1.10%) Yarn
8 3 (0.82%) AWS CloudFormation
8 3 (0.82%) Google Cloud Platform
9 2 (0.55%) Cloud Computing
9 2 (0.55%) IBM Blueworks
9 2 (0.55%) Slack
10 1 (0.27%) Bluemix
10 1 (0.27%) IBM Cloud
10 1 (0.27%) SoftLayer
10 1 (0.27%) TestFlight
Communications & Networking
1 23 (6.30%) HTTP
2 17 (4.66%) TCP/IP
3 16 (4.38%) DNS
3 16 (4.38%) FTP
3 16 (4.38%) SSL
4 13 (3.56%) Firewall
5 2 (0.55%) Ethernet
5 2 (0.55%) Unified Communications
5 2 (0.55%) VPLS
6 1 (0.27%) DSL
6 1 (0.27%) FIX Connectivity
6 1 (0.27%) Internet
Database & Business Intelligence
1 59 (16.16%) MongoDB
2 47 (12.88%) NoSQL
3 30 (8.22%) PostgreSQL
4 27 (7.40%) SQL Server
5 24 (6.58%) Big Data
5 24 (6.58%) MySQL
6 16 (4.38%) Hadoop
7 14 (3.84%) Apache Hive
8 12 (3.29%) Redis
9 11 (3.01%) Relational Database
10 10 (2.74%) Apache Cassandra
11 9 (2.47%) Amazon DynamoDB
12 7 (1.92%) RavenDB
13 6 (1.64%) HBase
13 6 (1.64%) Impala
14 5 (1.37%) JanusGraph
14 5 (1.37%) Neo4j
15 4 (1.10%) Couchbase
16 3 (0.82%) InfluxDB
16 3 (0.82%) SQL Server 2012
Development Applications
1 102 (27.95%) Git (software)
2 75 (20.55%) Jenkins
3 70 (19.18%) Cucumber
4 67 (18.36%) Selenium
5 46 (12.60%) Maven
6 43 (11.78%) JIRA
7 36 (9.86%) webpack
8 31 (8.49%) gulp
9 30 (8.22%) Gradle
9 30 (8.22%) TeamCity
10 29 (7.95%) SpecFlow
11 28 (7.67%) WebDriver
12 26 (7.12%) Babel
13 21 (5.75%) Sonatype Nexus
14 20 (5.48%) Gatling
15 19 (5.21%) Appium
16 18 (4.93%) Team Foundation Server
17 17 (4.66%) Spock
18 16 (4.38%) Geb
18 16 (4.38%) GitLab
General
1 104 (28.49%) Finance
2 77 (21.10%) Banking
3 26 (7.12%) Investment Banking
4 11 (3.01%) Front Office
5 9 (2.47%) Retail
6 8 (2.19%) Financial Institution
6 8 (2.19%) Publishing
7 7 (1.92%) Marketing
8 6 (1.64%) Telecoms
9 5 (1.37%) Legal
10 4 (1.10%) Retail Banking
11 3 (0.82%) Advertising
11 3 (0.82%) Games
12 2 (0.55%) Law
12 2 (0.55%) Private Banking
13 1 (0.27%) Back Office
13 1 (0.27%) Wholesale Banking
Job Titles
1 241 (66.03%) Developer
2 89 (24.38%) Java Developer
3 46 (12.60%) Senior Developer
4 41 (11.23%) .NET Developer
5 30 (8.22%) C# Developer
6 27 (7.40%) Analyst
7 25 (6.85%) Java Engineer
8 23 (6.30%) Agile Developer
8 23 (6.30%) JavaScript Developer
9 21 (5.75%) Full Stack Developer
10 20 (5.48%) C# .NET Developer
10 20 (5.48%) React Developer
11 18 (4.93%) Agile Java Developer
12 17 (4.66%) DevOps Engineer
13 16 (4.38%) Test Analyst
14 14 (3.84%) Developer in Test
14 14 (3.84%) Tester
15 13 (3.56%) QA Engineer
15 13 (3.56%) Test Engineer
16 12 (3.29%) Integration Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 89 (24.38%) HTML
2 82 (22.47%) AngularJS
3 77 (21.10%) .NET
4 76 (20.82%) Spring
5 74 (20.27%) Node.js
6 73 (20.00%) CSS
7 70 (19.18%) HTML5
8 66 (18.08%) React
9 64 (17.53%) REST
10 63 (17.26%) Web Services
11 48 (13.15%) RESTful
12 43 (11.78%) Spring Boot
13 37 (10.14%) Redux
14 32 (8.77%) Kafka
14 32 (8.77%) SOAP
15 31 (8.49%) Gherkin
16 29 (7.95%) ASP.NET Web API
17 27 (7.40%) ASP.NET
17 27 (7.40%) CSS3
18 24 (6.58%) Dropwizard
Miscellaneous
1 43 (11.78%) Mobile App
2 37 (10.14%) Greenfield Project
3 24 (6.58%) User Experience
4 20 (5.48%) Fintech
5 17 (4.66%) Linux Command Line
6 16 (4.38%) Analytical Skills
7 11 (3.01%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
8 10 (2.74%) Equities
9 9 (2.47%) Video on Demand
10 6 (1.64%) Derivative
10 6 (1.64%) Enterprise Software
11 5 (1.37%) Wiki
12 4 (1.10%) Computer Science
12 4 (1.10%) Virtual Team
13 3 (0.82%) Hedge funds
13 3 (0.82%) iPad
13 3 (0.82%) Market Risk
14 2 (0.55%) Management Information System
14 2 (0.55%) Reference Data
14 2 (0.55%) Social Network
Operating Systems
1 35 (9.59%) Linux
2 27 (7.40%) Apple iOS
3 26 (7.12%) Android
4 23 (6.30%) Unix
5 5 (1.37%) Windows
6 3 (0.82%) VMS
7 1 (0.27%) Mac OS
7 1 (0.27%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 1 (0.27%) Solaris
7 1 (0.27%) Windows Server
7 1 (0.27%) Windows Server 2008
Processes & Methodologies
1 294 (80.55%) Agile Software Development
2 293 (80.27%) TDD
3 119 (32.60%) Test Automation
4 107 (29.32%) Continuous Integration
5 86 (23.56%) Scrum
6 85 (23.29%) Software Engineering
7 79 (21.64%) MVC
8 77 (21.10%) Microservices
9 65 (17.81%) DevOps
10 53 (14.52%) Pair Programming
11 46 (12.60%) Domain-Driven Design
12 42 (11.51%) Kanban
13 40 (10.96%) Continuous Delivery
14 37 (10.14%) SOLID
14 37 (10.14%) Unit Testing
15 36 (9.86%) E-Commerce
16 28 (7.67%) Continuous Improvement
17 25 (6.85%) Digital Transformation Programme
17 25 (6.85%) Functional Testing
18 23 (6.30%) SOA
Programming Languages
1 178 (48.77%) Java
2 163 (44.66%) JavaScript
3 90 (24.66%) C#
4 66 (18.08%) SQL
5 50 (13.70%) ES6
6 39 (10.68%) Scala
7 34 (9.32%) TypeScript
8 30 (8.22%) Groovy
9 28 (7.67%) Ruby
10 27 (7.40%) Python
11 16 (4.38%) Apple Swift
12 15 (4.11%) Objective-C
13 7 (1.92%) PHP
14 5 (1.37%) GraphQL
14 5 (1.37%) T-SQL
15 4 (1.10%) Go
15 4 (1.10%) Kotlin
15 4 (1.10%) PL/SQL
16 3 (0.82%) PHP 7
16 3 (0.82%) VB.NET
Qualifications
1 7 (1.92%) ISEB
1 7 (1.92%) ISTQB
2 6 (1.64%) Degree
2 6 (1.64%) Security Cleared
3 3 (0.82%) Computer Science Degree
3 3 (0.82%) DV Cleared
3 3 (0.82%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
3 3 (0.82%) SC Cleared
4 2 (0.55%) CBAP
4 2 (0.55%) IIBA
5 1 (0.27%) AWS Certification
5 1 (0.27%) Numerate Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 65 (17.81%) QA
2 3 (0.82%) MiFID
2 3 (0.82%) PMO
3 2 (0.55%) ISO 20022
3 2 (0.55%) ISO 8583
System Software
1 65 (17.81%) Docker
2 5 (1.37%) HDFS
3 2 (0.55%) Apache Flume
Systems Management
1 29 (7.95%) Docker Swarm
2 19 (5.21%) Opscode Chef
2 19 (5.21%) Puppet
3 17 (4.66%) Kubernetes
4 16 (4.38%) Ansible
5 6 (1.64%) Terraform
6 4 (1.10%) HP ALM
7 3 (0.82%) Grafana
7 3 (0.82%) HP Quality Center
8 2 (0.55%) Oozie
9 1 (0.27%) BladeLogic
9 1 (0.27%) HockeyApp
9 1 (0.27%) Rancher
Vendors
1 15 (4.11%) Microsoft
2 13 (3.56%) AppDynamics
2 13 (3.56%) Splunk
3 11 (3.01%) Oracle
4 8 (2.19%) Google
5 7 (1.92%) New Relic
5 7 (1.92%) Sitecore
6 6 (1.64%) Salesforce.com
7 5 (1.37%) Apple
7 5 (1.37%) Atlassian
8 4 (1.10%) Cypress Semiconductor
8 4 (1.10%) HP
8 4 (1.10%) Sybase
9 3 (0.82%) Adobe
9 3 (0.82%) Coverity
9 3 (0.82%) DevExpress
9 3 (0.82%) Xamarin
10 2 (0.55%) Perforce
10 2 (0.55%) ServiceNow
10 2 (0.55%) Tableau