Period
to 30 March 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for BDD skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited BDD over the 6 months to 30 March 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Behaviour-Driven Development (BDD)
Central London > City of London
6 months to
30 Mar 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 60 49 43
Rank change year-on-year -11 -6 -9
Contract jobs citing BDD 150 309 368
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the City of London 3.50% 4.54% 5.14%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 4.03% 5.08% 5.75%
Number of daily rates quoted 133 259 328
Median daily rate £550 £550 £520
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.77% -0.95%
10th Percentile £430 £413 £384
90th Percentile £675 £675 £638
Central London median daily rate £550 £538 £513
% change year-on-year +2.33% +4.88% +2.50%
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 0 0
Median hourly rate - - -
Central London median hourly rate £35.00 - -

BDD is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
City of London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 3,725 6,078 6,398
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 87.01% 89.29% 89.35%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,761 4,695 5,071
Median daily rate £525 £525 £513
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +2.44% +3.54%
10th Percentile £325 £325 £335
90th Percentile £675 £675 £695
Central London median daily rate £513 £525 £500
% change year-on-year -2.38% +5.00% +5.26%
Number of hourly rates quoted 62 55 91
Median hourly rate £25.00 £22.00 £20.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +13.64% +10.00% +5.26%
10th Percentile £12.42 £12.86 £11.81
90th Percentile £52.15 £42.61 £46.00
Median hourly rate £27.50 £21.34 £21.50
% change year-on-year +28.87% -0.74% +13.16%

BDD
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing BDD as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for BDD in the City of London

BDD
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing BDD in the City of London.

Daily rate trend for BDD in the City of London

BDD
Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing BDD in the City of London over the 6 months to 30 March 2020.

Daily rate histogram for BDD in the City of London

BDD
Contract Job Locations in the City of London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing BDD within the City of London region over the 6 months to 30 March 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Moorgate +6 2 £500 -4.76%
BDD
Central London

For the 6 months to 30 March 2020, IT contractor jobs citing BDD also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for BDD.

1 133 (88.67%) TDD
2 117 (78.00%) Agile Software Development
3 78 (52.00%) Java
4 51 (34.00%) Microservices
5 40 (26.67%) Spring
5 40 (26.67%) JavaScript
6 39 (26.00%) Kafka
7 35 (23.33%) Scrum
8 34 (22.67%) Pair Programming
9 32 (21.33%) DevOps
10 30 (20.00%) AngularJS
11 27 (18.00%) CSS
12 26 (17.33%) Docker
13 25 (16.67%) C#
14 24 (16.00%) HTML
14 24 (16.00%) Finance
14 24 (16.00%) Test Automation
15 23 (15.33%) Azure
15 23 (15.33%) REST
15 23 (15.33%) Spring Cloud
15 23 (15.33%) Java 8
16 22 (14.67%) React
16 22 (14.67%) Continuous Integration
17 20 (13.33%) Kanban
17 20 (13.33%) Node.js
17 20 (13.33%) Kubernetes
18 19 (12.67%) Software Engineering
19 18 (12.00%) QA
19 18 (12.00%) TypeScript
20 17 (11.33%) GCP

BDD
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 10 (6.67%) Elasticsearch
2 9 (6.00%) Apache Spark
3 4 (2.67%) Confluence
4 3 (2.00%) IIS
4 3 (2.00%) WordPress
5 1 (0.67%) Anypoint
Applications
1 2 (1.33%) Microsoft Excel
1 2 (1.33%) Microsoft PowerPoint
1 2 (1.33%) MS Visio
2 1 (0.67%) Microsoft Office
2 1 (0.67%) Microsoft Project
Cloud Services
1 23 (15.33%) Azure
2 17 (11.33%) GCP
3 16 (10.67%) AWS
4 4 (2.67%) GitHub
4 4 (2.67%) SaaS
5 3 (2.00%) Google App Engine
5 3 (2.00%) IaaS
5 3 (2.00%) PaaS
5 3 (2.00%) Tricentis Tosca
6 2 (1.33%) npm
7 1 (0.67%) AWS CloudFormation
7 1 (0.67%) Azure Data Factory
7 1 (0.67%) OpenShift
7 1 (0.67%) Yarn
Communications & Networking
1 6 (4.00%) HTTP
2 5 (3.33%) DNS
2 5 (3.33%) FTP
2 5 (3.33%) SSL
2 5 (3.33%) TCP/IP
3 1 (0.67%) Internet
Database & Business Intelligence
1 13 (8.67%) MongoDB
2 11 (7.33%) SQL Server
3 5 (3.33%) MySQL
3 5 (3.33%) PostgreSQL
4 4 (2.67%) Big Data
4 4 (2.67%) HBase
4 4 (2.67%) NoSQL
5 3 (2.00%) Apache Cassandra
5 3 (2.00%) Apache Hive
5 3 (2.00%) Hadoop
5 3 (2.00%) Impala
5 3 (2.00%) Redis
5 3 (2.00%) Relational Database
6 2 (1.33%) Amazon DynamoDB
6 2 (1.33%) Cosmos DB
6 2 (1.33%) Data Lake
7 1 (0.67%) RDBMS
7 1 (0.67%) SQL Server Integration Services
Development Applications
1 16 (10.67%) Git (software)
2 10 (6.67%) Jenkins
2 10 (6.67%) JIRA
2 10 (6.67%) Selenium
3 9 (6.00%) Cucumber
4 8 (5.33%) Postman
4 8 (5.33%) SpecFlow
5 5 (3.33%) Gatling
5 5 (3.33%) Geb
5 5 (3.33%) GitLab
5 5 (3.33%) Gradle
5 5 (3.33%) Spock
6 4 (2.67%) Babel
6 4 (2.67%) NUnit
6 4 (2.67%) Protractor
6 4 (2.67%) webpack
7 3 (2.00%) JUnit
7 3 (2.00%) TeamCity
7 3 (2.00%) Visual Studio Team System
7 3 (2.00%) WebDriver
General
1 24 (16.00%) Finance
2 9 (6.00%) Banking
3 6 (4.00%) Investment Banking
4 4 (2.67%) Front Office
5 3 (2.00%) Retail
6 2 (1.33%) Public Sector
7 1 (0.67%) Games
7 1 (0.67%) Legal
7 1 (0.67%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 110 (73.33%) Developer
2 52 (34.67%) Java Developer
3 12 (8.00%) Senior Developer
4 9 (6.00%) Full Stack Developer
5 8 (5.33%) Analyst
5 8 (5.33%) React Developer
6 7 (4.67%) Business Analyst
7 6 (4.00%) AWS Developer
7 6 (4.00%) Scala Developer
8 5 (3.33%) Agile Developer
8 5 (3.33%) Agile Java Developer
8 5 (3.33%) C# Developer
8 5 (3.33%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
8 5 (3.33%) iOS Developer
8 5 (3.33%) Java Engineer
8 5 (3.33%) Lead Developer
8 5 (3.33%) Node.js Developer
8 5 (3.33%) Ruby on Rails Developer
9 4 (2.67%) .NET Developer
9 4 (2.67%) Tester
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 40 (26.67%) Spring
2 39 (26.00%) Kafka
3 30 (20.00%) AngularJS
4 27 (18.00%) CSS
5 24 (16.00%) HTML
6 23 (15.33%) REST
6 23 (15.33%) Spring Cloud
7 22 (14.67%) React
8 20 (13.33%) Node.js
9 15 (10.00%) .NET
9 15 (10.00%) Web Services
10 14 (9.33%) HTML5
10 14 (9.33%) Spring Boot
11 13 (8.67%) RESTful
12 12 (8.00%) SOAP
13 8 (5.33%) JSON
14 7 (4.67%) ASP.NET
14 7 (4.67%) CSS3
14 7 (4.67%) OAuth
15 6 (4.00%) Akka
Miscellaneous
1 12 (8.00%) Greenfield Project
2 11 (7.33%) Analytical Skills
3 8 (5.33%) User Experience
4 6 (4.00%) Enterprise Software
5 3 (2.00%) Over-the-Top Content
5 3 (2.00%) Public Cloud
5 3 (2.00%) Video\Live Streaming
6 2 (1.33%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
6 2 (1.33%) Management Information System
7 1 (0.67%) Algorithms
7 1 (0.67%) Client/Server
7 1 (0.67%) Credit Risk
7 1 (0.67%) Fixed Income
7 1 (0.67%) Hedge funds
7 1 (0.67%) Mobile Banking
7 1 (0.67%) NHS
7 1 (0.67%) Self-Motivation
7 1 (0.67%) Video on Demand
7 1 (0.67%) W3C
7 1 (0.67%) Wiki
Operating Systems
1 8 (5.33%) Linux
2 7 (4.67%) Apple iOS
3 2 (1.33%) Unix
4 1 (0.67%) Android
4 1 (0.67%) Mac OS X
4 1 (0.67%) Windows
Processes & Methodologies
1 133 (88.67%) TDD
2 117 (78.00%) Agile Software Development
3 51 (34.00%) Microservices
4 35 (23.33%) Scrum
5 34 (22.67%) Pair Programming
6 32 (21.33%) DevOps
7 24 (16.00%) Test Automation
8 22 (14.67%) Continuous Integration
9 20 (13.33%) Kanban
10 19 (12.67%) Software Engineering
11 13 (8.67%) Acceptance Criteria
12 11 (7.33%) Continuous Delivery
12 11 (7.33%) Continuous Improvement
13 10 (6.67%) E-Commerce
13 10 (6.67%) Non-Functional Testing
13 10 (6.67%) User Stories
14 9 (6.00%) Front End Development
14 9 (6.00%) SDLC
14 9 (6.00%) SOLID
15 8 (5.33%) Fintech
Programming Languages
1 78 (52.00%) Java
2 40 (26.67%) JavaScript
3 25 (16.67%) C#
4 23 (15.33%) Java 8
5 18 (12.00%) TypeScript
6 12 (8.00%) Python
6 12 (8.00%) SQL
7 9 (6.00%) Scala
8 6 (4.00%) Ruby
9 5 (3.33%) ES6
10 4 (2.67%) Apple Swift
10 4 (2.67%) PHP
10 4 (2.67%) T-SQL
11 3 (2.00%) Groovy
12 2 (1.33%) Kotlin
13 1 (0.67%) Apex Code
13 1 (0.67%) Elm
13 1 (0.67%) Go
13 1 (0.67%) PowerShell
13 1 (0.67%) XPath
Qualifications
1 5 (3.33%) ISEB
1 5 (3.33%) SC Cleared
1 5 (3.33%) Security Cleared
2 3 (2.00%) Degree
2 3 (2.00%) ISTQB
3 1 (0.67%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
3 1 (0.67%) Master's Degree
3 1 (0.67%) Numerate Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 18 (12.00%) QA
2 1 (0.67%) EMIR
2 1 (0.67%) MiFID
System Software
1 26 (17.33%) Docker
2 3 (2.00%) HDFS
3 1 (0.67%) VMware Infrastructure
3 1 (0.67%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 20 (13.33%) Kubernetes
2 8 (5.33%) Terraform
3 5 (3.33%) Ansible
3 5 (3.33%) Docker Swarm
4 3 (2.00%) Hadoop YARN
5 2 (1.33%) MIIS
6 1 (0.67%) Grafana
6 1 (0.67%) Kibana
6 1 (0.67%) Opscode Chef
6 1 (0.67%) Puppet
Vendors
1 12 (8.00%) Google
2 4 (2.67%) Microsoft
3 2 (1.33%) Salesforce.com
4 1 (0.67%) DevExpress
4 1 (0.67%) IBM
4 1 (0.67%) MuleSoft
4 1 (0.67%) New Relic
4 1 (0.67%) Oracle
4 1 (0.67%) VMware