Period
to 9 July 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for BDD skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited BDD over the 6 months to 9 July 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Behaviour-Driven Development (BDD)
Central London > City of London
6 months to
9 Jul 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 59 52 47
Rank change year-on-year -7 -5 -10
Contract jobs citing BDD 93 285 346
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the City of London 3.41% 4.25% 4.86%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 3.91% 4.75% 5.51%
Number of daily rates quoted 79 254 292
Median daily rate £550 £550 £516
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +6.54% +3.25%
10th Percentile £413 £425 £400
90th Percentile £675 £688 £638
Central London median daily rate £550 £550 £513
% change year-on-year - +7.32% +2.50%
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 0 0
Median hourly rate - - -
Central London median hourly rate £35.00 - -

BDD is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
City of London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 2,378 6,004 6,283
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 87.30% 89.63% 88.19%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,677 4,664 4,977
Median daily rate £520 £525 £513
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -0.95% +2.44% +2.50%
10th Percentile £331 £350 £331
90th Percentile £675 £675 £688
Central London median daily rate £510 £525 £500
% change year-on-year -2.86% +5.00% +1.01%
Number of hourly rates quoted 49 70 102
Median hourly rate £35.00 £20.75 £18.70
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +68.67% +10.96% -3.36%
10th Percentile £12.48 £11.25 £12.78
90th Percentile £48.70 £54.03 £33.68
Median hourly rate £35.00 £21.00 £19.25
% change year-on-year +66.67% +9.09% +13.50%

BDD
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing BDD as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for BDD in the City of London

BDD
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing BDD in the City of London.

Daily rate trend for BDD in the City of London

BDD
Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing BDD in the City of London over the 6 months to 9 July 2020.

Daily rate histogram for BDD in the City of London

BDD
Contract Job Locations in the City of London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing BDD within the City of London region over the 6 months to 9 July 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Moorgate +18 1 £500 +25.00%
BDD
Central London

For the 6 months to 9 July 2020, IT contractor jobs citing BDD also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for BDD.

1 77 (82.80%) TDD
2 66 (70.97%) Agile Software Development
3 52 (55.91%) Java
4 31 (33.33%) Microservices
5 21 (22.58%) Kafka
5 21 (22.58%) Test Automation
5 21 (22.58%) Scrum
5 21 (22.58%) Spring
5 21 (22.58%) JavaScript
6 18 (19.35%) HTML
6 18 (19.35%) DevOps
7 17 (18.28%) Azure
7 17 (18.28%) CSS
8 15 (16.13%) Finance
8 15 (16.13%) AngularJS
8 15 (16.13%) Java 8
9 14 (15.05%) REST
10 12 (12.90%) Node.js
10 12 (12.90%) AWS
10 12 (12.90%) GCP
10 12 (12.90%) Web Services
10 12 (12.90%) React
11 11 (11.83%) Spring Cloud
11 11 (11.83%) Docker
12 10 (10.75%) TypeScript
12 10 (10.75%) Apache Spark
12 10 (10.75%) C#
12 10 (10.75%) .NET
12 10 (10.75%) Spring Boot
13 9 (9.68%) SDLC

BDD
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 10 (10.75%) Apache Spark
2 3 (3.23%) Confluence
2 3 (3.23%) WordPress
3 2 (2.15%) Elasticsearch
4 1 (1.08%) IIS
Business Applications
1 1 (1.08%) Summit
Cloud Services
1 17 (18.28%) Azure
2 12 (12.90%) AWS
2 12 (12.90%) GCP
3 4 (4.30%) SaaS
4 3 (3.23%) GitHub
4 3 (3.23%) npm
4 3 (3.23%) Tricentis Tosca
5 2 (2.15%) Power Platform
6 1 (1.08%) Amazon ECS
6 1 (1.08%) Azure Data Factory
6 1 (1.08%) OpenShift
6 1 (1.08%) Yarn
Communications & Networking
1 4 (4.30%) HTTP
2 2 (2.15%) DNS
2 2 (2.15%) FTP
2 2 (2.15%) SSL
2 2 (2.15%) TCP/IP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 7 (7.53%) SQL Server
2 6 (6.45%) Hadoop
3 5 (5.38%) MongoDB
4 4 (4.30%) HBase
5 3 (3.23%) Apache Hive
5 3 (3.23%) Impala
5 3 (3.23%) MySQL
5 3 (3.23%) NoSQL
5 3 (3.23%) PostgreSQL
5 3 (3.23%) SQL Server Integration Services
6 2 (2.15%) Big Data
6 2 (2.15%) Power BI
6 2 (2.15%) Relational Database
7 1 (1.08%) Amazon DynamoDB
7 1 (1.08%) Amazon Redshift
7 1 (1.08%) Data Lake
Development Applications
1 9 (9.68%) Jenkins
2 8 (8.60%) Git (software)
2 8 (8.60%) JIRA
3 7 (7.53%) Cucumber
4 6 (6.45%) Selenium
5 5 (5.38%) Protractor
6 4 (4.30%) SpecFlow
7 3 (3.23%) Postman
8 2 (2.15%) Gatling
8 2 (2.15%) Geb
8 2 (2.15%) GitLab
8 2 (2.15%) Gradle
8 2 (2.15%) JMeter
8 2 (2.15%) JUnit
8 2 (2.15%) Mockito
8 2 (2.15%) NUnit
8 2 (2.15%) Octopus Deploy
8 2 (2.15%) Spock
8 2 (2.15%) WebDriver
9 1 (1.08%) Visual Studio
General
1 15 (16.13%) Finance
2 9 (9.68%) Banking
2 9 (9.68%) Front Office
3 6 (6.45%) Investment Banking
4 4 (4.30%) Public Sector
5 1 (1.08%) Games
5 1 (1.08%) Legal
5 1 (1.08%) Publishing
5 1 (1.08%) Retail
Job Titles
1 62 (66.67%) Developer
2 33 (35.48%) Java Developer
3 8 (8.60%) Analyst
3 8 (8.60%) React Developer
4 5 (5.38%) Agile Developer
4 5 (5.38%) Agile Java Developer
4 5 (5.38%) Angular Developer
4 5 (5.38%) Business Analyst
4 5 (5.38%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
5 4 (4.30%) DevOps Engineer
5 4 (4.30%) Scala Developer
6 3 (3.23%) .NET Developer
6 3 (3.23%) Data Engineer
6 3 (3.23%) Full Stack Developer
6 3 (3.23%) Java Engineer
6 3 (3.23%) Java Scala Developer
6 3 (3.23%) Lead Developer
6 3 (3.23%) Senior Developer
6 3 (3.23%) WordPress Developer
7 2 (2.15%) Cybersecurity Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 21 (22.58%) Kafka
1 21 (22.58%) Spring
2 18 (19.35%) HTML
3 17 (18.28%) CSS
4 15 (16.13%) AngularJS
5 14 (15.05%) REST
6 12 (12.90%) Node.js
6 12 (12.90%) React
6 12 (12.90%) Web Services
7 11 (11.83%) Spring Cloud
8 10 (10.75%) .NET
8 10 (10.75%) Spring Boot
9 8 (8.60%) RESTful
10 7 (7.53%) HTML5
10 7 (7.53%) SOAP
11 6 (6.45%) ASP.NET
12 5 (5.38%) Akka
12 5 (5.38%) CSS3
12 5 (5.38%) GraphQL
13 4 (4.30%) Jest
Miscellaneous
1 6 (6.45%) Greenfield Project
1 6 (6.45%) User Experience
2 4 (4.30%) Enterprise Software
3 3 (3.23%) Analytical Skills
3 3 (3.23%) Public Cloud
3 3 (3.23%) Self-Motivation
4 2 (2.15%) Fixed Income
4 2 (2.15%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
5 1 (1.08%) Client/Server
5 1 (1.08%) FMCG
5 1 (1.08%) Hedge funds
5 1 (1.08%) Management Information System
5 1 (1.08%) NHS
5 1 (1.08%) Video on Demand
Operating Systems
1 6 (6.45%) Linux
2 2 (2.15%) Unix
3 1 (1.08%) Android
3 1 (1.08%) Apple iOS
3 1 (1.08%) Mac OS X
Processes & Methodologies
1 77 (82.80%) TDD
2 66 (70.97%) Agile Software Development
3 31 (33.33%) Microservices
4 21 (22.58%) Scrum
4 21 (22.58%) Test Automation
5 18 (19.35%) DevOps
6 9 (9.68%) E-Commerce
6 9 (9.68%) Non-Functional Testing
6 9 (9.68%) Pair Programming
6 9 (9.68%) SDLC
7 8 (8.60%) Acceptance Criteria
7 8 (8.60%) Continuous Integration
7 8 (8.60%) Kanban
8 6 (6.45%) Front End Development
8 6 (6.45%) MVC
8 6 (6.45%) User Stories
9 5 (5.38%) Continuous Delivery
9 5 (5.38%) Continuous Deployment
9 5 (5.38%) Continuous Improvement
9 5 (5.38%) Functional Testing
Programming Languages
1 52 (55.91%) Java
2 21 (22.58%) JavaScript
3 15 (16.13%) Java 8
4 10 (10.75%) C#
4 10 (10.75%) TypeScript
5 9 (9.68%) Scala
5 9 (9.68%) SQL
6 8 (8.60%) Python
7 4 (4.30%) PHP
8 3 (3.23%) Groovy
8 3 (3.23%) T-SQL
9 2 (2.15%) Kotlin
9 2 (2.15%) Ruby
10 1 (1.08%) C
10 1 (1.08%) ES6
10 1 (1.08%) XPath
Qualifications
1 6 (6.45%) Security Cleared
2 5 (5.38%) Degree
2 5 (5.38%) SC Cleared
3 4 (4.30%) Numerate Degree
4 3 (3.23%) ISEB
5 2 (2.15%) ISTQB
6 1 (1.08%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
6 1 (1.08%) Master's Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 9 (9.68%) QA
2 1 (1.08%) EMIR
2 1 (1.08%) MiFID
System Software
1 11 (11.83%) Docker
2 3 (3.23%) HDFS
Systems Management
1 7 (7.53%) Kubernetes
2 4 (4.30%) Terraform
3 3 (3.23%) Ansible
3 3 (3.23%) Grafana
3 3 (3.23%) Hadoop YARN
4 2 (2.15%) Docker Swarm
5 1 (1.08%) Kibana
5 1 (1.08%) MIIS
5 1 (1.08%) Opscode Chef
5 1 (1.08%) Puppet
Vendors
1 5 (5.38%) Google
2 3 (3.23%) Microsoft
3 2 (2.15%) Tableau
4 1 (1.08%) DevExpress
4 1 (1.08%) IBM
4 1 (1.08%) Oracle
4 1 (1.08%) Salesforce.com