Period
to 21 August 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for BDD skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited BDD over the 6 months to 21 August 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Behaviour-Driven Development (BDD)
Central London > City of London
6 months to
21 Aug 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 50 44 34
Rank change year-on-year -6 -10 +23
Contract jobs citing BDD 336 335 402
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 4.79% 5.06% 5.95%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 5.49% 5.69% 6.77%
Number of daily rates quoted 287 284 367
City of London median daily rate £525 £513 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.44% +2.50% +6.38%
10th Percentile £415 £375 £350
90th Percentile £638 £638 £638
Central London median daily rate £513 £500 £475
% change year-on-year +2.50% +5.26% +2.70%
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 0 0
City of London median hourly rate - - -
Central London median hourly rate - - -

BDD is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
City of London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 6,116 5,889 5,938
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 87.17% 88.89% 87.84%
Number of daily rates quoted 4,848 4,551 4,777
City of London median daily rate £509 £500 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +1.75% +5.26% +5.21%
10th Percentile £325 £325 £313
90th Percentile £688 £675 £650
Central London median daily rate £500 £500 £475
% change year-on-year - +5.26% +5.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 106 55 43
City of London median hourly rate £18.70 £20.54 £20.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -8.96% +2.70% -4.76%
10th Percentile £13.28 £13.33 £11.25
90th Percentile £27.03 £31.20 £46.31
Central London median hourly rate £18.70 £19.00 £20.00
% change year-on-year -1.58% -5.00% -2.44%

BDD
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing BDD as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for BDD in the City of London

BDD
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing BDD in the City of London.

Contractor daily rate trend for BDD in the City of London

BDD
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing BDD in the City of London over the 6 months to 21 August 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for BDD in the City of London

BDD
Contract Job Locations in the City of London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing BDD within the City of London region over the 6 months to 21 August 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Moorgate - 1 £400 -
BDD
Central London

For the 6 months to 21 August 2018, IT contractor jobs citing BDD also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for BDD.

1 283 (84.23%) TDD
2 264 (78.57%) Agile Software Development
3 142 (42.26%) Java
4 117 (34.82%) JavaScript
5 102 (30.36%) Scrum
6 91 (27.08%) HTML
7 89 (26.49%) Git (software)
8 81 (24.11%) Docker
8 81 (24.11%) Microservices
9 77 (22.92%) Spring
10 76 (22.62%) CSS
11 73 (21.73%) Banking
11 73 (21.73%) DevOps
11 73 (21.73%) REST
12 72 (21.43%) Amazon AWS
13 68 (20.24%) Test Automation
13 68 (20.24%) .NET
13 68 (20.24%) Finance
14 67 (19.94%) C#
14 67 (19.94%) Node.js
14 67 (19.94%) AngularJS
15 64 (19.05%) Jenkins
16 60 (17.86%) SQL
17 59 (17.56%) Continuous Integration
18 58 (17.26%) Java 8
19 55 (16.37%) React
20 54 (16.07%) HTML5
21 51 (15.18%) Software Engineering
22 50 (14.88%) Microsoft Azure
23 49 (14.58%) Maven

BDD
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 24 (7.14%) Cloud Foundry
2 23 (6.85%) Elasticsearch
3 16 (4.76%) Apache Spark
4 15 (4.46%) Apache
5 14 (4.17%) NServiceBus
6 5 (1.49%) Confluence
7 4 (1.19%) Apache Airflow
7 4 (1.19%) CMS
7 4 (1.19%) IIS
7 4 (1.19%) JBoss
7 4 (1.19%) WebLogic
8 2 (0.60%) Luigi
8 2 (0.60%) SharePoint
8 2 (0.60%) Tomcat
8 2 (0.60%) WordPress
9 1 (0.30%) Alfresco
9 1 (0.30%) Content Management Server
9 1 (0.30%) Mule
9 1 (0.30%) Sitecore CMS
Applications
1 1 (0.30%) Microsoft Excel
1 1 (0.30%) Microsoft Office
1 1 (0.30%) Microsoft PowerPoint
1 1 (0.30%) Microsoft Project
1 1 (0.30%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 2 (0.60%) Distributed Ledger
1 2 (0.60%) Dynamics CRM
2 1 (0.30%) Summit
Cloud Services
1 72 (21.43%) Amazon AWS
2 50 (14.88%) Microsoft Azure
3 39 (11.61%) Heroku
4 32 (9.52%) npm
5 23 (6.85%) GitHub
5 23 (6.85%) Google Cloud Platform
6 17 (5.06%) IBM Cloud
7 13 (3.87%) Cloud Computing
8 6 (1.79%) PaaS
8 6 (1.79%) Serverless
9 4 (1.19%) Sauce Labs
10 3 (0.89%) Amazon Kinesis
10 3 (0.89%) AWS Lambda
11 2 (0.60%) Amazon S3
11 2 (0.60%) Azure Active Directory
11 2 (0.60%) BrowserStack
11 2 (0.60%) IaaS
11 2 (0.60%) SaaS
12 1 (0.30%) Amazon SQS
12 1 (0.30%) Slack
Communications & Networking
1 19 (5.65%) DNS
1 19 (5.65%) HTTP
2 17 (5.06%) FTP
2 17 (5.06%) SSL
2 17 (5.06%) TCP/IP
3 2 (0.60%) Firewall
4 1 (0.30%) AMQP
4 1 (0.30%) Intranet
4 1 (0.30%) LAN
4 1 (0.30%) Network Security
Database & Business Intelligence
1 43 (12.80%) NoSQL
2 36 (10.71%) SQL Server
3 30 (8.93%) MongoDB
4 29 (8.63%) PostgreSQL
5 20 (5.95%) Redis
6 11 (3.27%) MySQL
6 11 (3.27%) Relational Database
7 8 (2.38%) Couchbase
7 8 (2.38%) Data Lake
8 7 (2.08%) Big Data
9 5 (1.49%) SQL Server 2012
10 4 (1.19%) Hadoop
11 3 (0.89%) Amazon DynamoDB
11 3 (0.89%) Blockchain
11 3 (0.89%) SQL Server Reporting Services
12 2 (0.60%) Amazon Redshift
12 2 (0.60%) BigQuery
12 2 (0.60%) Cosmos DB
12 2 (0.60%) Power BI
12 2 (0.60%) SQL Server 2014
Development Applications
1 89 (26.49%) Git (software)
2 64 (19.05%) Jenkins
3 49 (14.58%) Maven
4 47 (13.99%) Selenium
5 45 (13.39%) Cucumber
6 37 (11.01%) GitLab
6 37 (11.01%) SpecFlow
7 29 (8.63%) JUnit
7 29 (8.63%) Sonatype Nexus
8 26 (7.74%) Ant
8 26 (7.74%) SonarQube
9 25 (7.44%) Mockito
10 20 (5.95%) Gerrit
11 19 (5.65%) WebDriver
12 16 (4.76%) Gradle
13 13 (3.87%) JIRA
14 12 (3.57%) gulp
14 12 (3.57%) NUnit
14 12 (3.57%) Team Foundation Server
15 11 (3.27%) webpack
General
1 73 (21.73%) Banking
2 68 (20.24%) Finance
3 18 (5.36%) Investment Banking
4 16 (4.76%) Retail
5 10 (2.98%) Retail Banking
6 8 (2.38%) Games
7 6 (1.79%) Law
8 5 (1.49%) Advertising
8 5 (1.49%) Financial Institution
8 5 (1.49%) Front Office
8 5 (1.49%) Marketing
9 4 (1.19%) Pharmaceutical
10 1 (0.30%) Private Banking
10 1 (0.30%) Telecoms
Job Titles
1 215 (63.99%) Developer
2 89 (26.49%) Java Developer
3 38 (11.31%) Senior Developer
4 26 (7.74%) .NET Developer
5 24 (7.14%) DevOps Engineer
6 23 (6.85%) Full Stack Developer
7 20 (5.95%) Agile Developer
7 20 (5.95%) Kubernetes Engineer
8 18 (5.36%) React Developer
8 18 (5.36%) Senior DevOps
8 18 (5.36%) Senior DevOps Engineer
8 18 (5.36%) Senior Java Developer
9 17 (5.06%) Agile Java Developer
9 17 (5.06%) C# Developer
9 17 (5.06%) Lead Developer
9 17 (5.06%) QA Engineer
10 15 (4.46%) Ruby Developer
11 14 (4.17%) Software Engineer
12 13 (3.87%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
13 12 (3.57%) Tester
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 91 (27.08%) HTML
2 77 (22.92%) Spring
3 76 (22.62%) CSS
4 73 (21.73%) REST
5 68 (20.24%) .NET
6 67 (19.94%) AngularJS
6 67 (19.94%) Node.js
7 55 (16.37%) React
8 54 (16.07%) HTML5
9 39 (11.61%) RESTful
10 29 (8.63%) Spring Boot
10 29 (8.63%) Web Services
11 28 (8.33%) RabbitMQ
12 27 (8.04%) CSS3
13 26 (7.74%) ASP.NET
14 24 (7.14%) Hibernate
15 23 (6.85%) OAuth
16 22 (6.55%) Sass
17 21 (6.25%) SOAP
18 19 (5.65%) Kafka
Miscellaneous
1 43 (12.80%) Fintech
2 40 (11.90%) Greenfield Project
3 33 (9.82%) iPad
4 19 (5.65%) User Experience
5 16 (4.76%) Mobile App
6 15 (4.46%) Derivative
7 12 (3.57%) Computer Science
8 11 (3.27%) Credit Risk
8 11 (3.27%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
9 10 (2.98%) Data Structures
9 10 (2.98%) Equity Derivative
10 9 (2.68%) Equities
10 9 (2.68%) Fixed Income
10 9 (2.68%) Self-Motivation
11 7 (2.08%) Analytical Skills
11 7 (2.08%) Enterprise Software
12 3 (0.89%) Algorithms
12 3 (0.89%) Market Risk
12 3 (0.89%) PKI
12 3 (0.89%) Video\Live Streaming
Operating Systems
1 32 (9.52%) Linux
2 16 (4.76%) Unix
3 14 (4.17%) Apple iOS
4 10 (2.98%) Android
5 4 (1.19%) Windows
6 2 (0.60%) VMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 283 (84.23%) TDD
2 264 (78.57%) Agile Software Development
3 102 (30.36%) Scrum
4 81 (24.11%) Microservices
5 73 (21.73%) DevOps
6 68 (20.24%) Test Automation
7 59 (17.56%) Continuous Integration
8 51 (15.18%) Software Engineering
9 47 (13.99%) Pair Programming
10 42 (12.50%) E-Commerce
11 41 (12.20%) Kanban
11 41 (12.20%) MVC
12 40 (11.90%) OO
13 33 (9.82%) Unit Testing
14 31 (9.23%) Digital Transformation Programme
15 26 (7.74%) SOA
16 25 (7.44%) Front End Development
16 25 (7.44%) OOP
17 24 (7.14%) Multithreading
18 23 (6.85%) Continuous Improvement
Programming Languages
1 142 (42.26%) Java
2 117 (34.82%) JavaScript
3 67 (19.94%) C#
4 60 (17.86%) SQL
5 58 (17.26%) Java 8
6 45 (13.39%) Python
7 40 (11.90%) Ruby
8 36 (10.71%) Groovy
9 29 (8.63%) Scala
10 26 (7.74%) ES6
11 25 (7.44%) Bash Shell
12 23 (6.85%) TypeScript
13 14 (4.17%) T-SQL
14 13 (3.87%) Kotlin
15 6 (1.79%) PowerShell
15 6 (1.79%) Shell Script
16 5 (1.49%) PHP
17 3 (0.89%) Apple Swift
17 3 (0.89%) PL/SQL
18 2 (0.60%) Clojure
Qualifications
1 18 (5.36%) Degree
2 12 (3.57%) Computer Science Degree
3 3 (0.89%) Security Cleared
4 2 (0.60%) Master's Degree
4 2 (0.60%) SC Cleared
5 1 (0.30%) DBS Check
5 1 (0.30%) DV Cleared
5 1 (0.30%) ISEB
5 1 (0.30%) ISTQB
5 1 (0.30%) Numerate Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 48 (14.29%) QA
2 20 (5.95%) GCP
3 3 (0.89%) PCI DSS
3 3 (0.89%) PSD2
4 2 (0.60%) Disclosure Scotland
5 1 (0.30%) Data Quality
System Software
1 81 (24.11%) Docker
2 2 (0.60%) Active Directory
3 1 (0.30%) HDFS
3 1 (0.30%) Virtual Machines
Systems Management
1 40 (11.90%) Kubernetes
2 35 (10.42%) Mesos
3 25 (7.44%) Consul
4 14 (4.17%) Ansible
5 10 (2.98%) Marathon
6 8 (2.38%) Docker Swarm
7 7 (2.08%) Terraform
8 6 (1.79%) Puppet
9 5 (1.49%) Grafana
9 5 (1.49%) Kibana
9 5 (1.49%) logstash
9 5 (1.49%) Opscode Chef
10 3 (0.89%) Single Sign-On
11 2 (0.60%) Control-M
11 2 (0.60%) HockeyApp
12 1 (0.30%) EMC NetWorker
12 1 (0.30%) Hadoop YARN
Vendors
1 20 (5.95%) IBM
1 20 (5.95%) Microsoft
2 15 (4.46%) Oracle
3 13 (3.87%) Splunk
4 7 (2.08%) AppDynamics
4 7 (2.08%) Apple
5 6 (1.79%) TIBCO
6 5 (1.49%) Atlassian
6 5 (1.49%) Sybase
7 4 (1.19%) Salesforce.com
8 3 (0.89%) Escenic
8 3 (0.89%) Google
9 2 (0.60%) Apigee
9 2 (0.60%) Cadence
9 2 (0.60%) DevExpress
10 1 (0.30%) Embarcadero
10 1 (0.30%) Sitecore