Period
to 25 January 2022

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for BDD skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited BDD over the 6 months to 25 January 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Behaviour-Driven Development (BDD)
Central London > City of London
6 months to
25 Jan 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 76 59 58
Rank change year-on-year -17 -1 -17
Contract jobs citing BDD 126 77 181
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the City of London 3.14% 3.69% 3.71%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 3.45% 4.07% 4.16%
Number of daily rates quoted 98 65 156
10th Percentile £413 £389 £459
25th Percentile £500 £481 £513
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £575 £575 £550
Median % change year-on-year - +4.55% +4.76%
75th Percentile £688 £638 £625
90th Percentile £790 £688 £675
Central London median daily rate £600 £575 £550
% change year-on-year +4.35% +4.55% +4.76%

BDD is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
City of London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 3,647 1,890 4,353
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 90.95% 90.52% 89.16%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,830 1,421 3,397
10th Percentile £375 £313 £320
25th Percentile £475 £413 £413
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £523 £515
Median % change year-on-year +5.26% +1.46% +0.49%
75th Percentile £653 £602 £613
90th Percentile £750 £688 £688
Central London median daily rate £550 £513 £510
% change year-on-year +7.32% +0.49% -0.49%
Number of hourly rates quoted 36 22 48
10th Percentile £19.13 £13.58 £12.02
25th Percentile £33.19 £18.25 £14.19
Median hourly rate £43.50 £26.50 £19.75
Median % change year-on-year +64.15% +34.18% +3.95%
75th Percentile £61.75 £35.63 £25.76
90th Percentile £64.25 £46.00 £52.25
Central London median hourly rate £43.50 £26.75 £20.50
% change year-on-year +62.62% +30.49% +6.49%

BDD
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing BDD as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for BDD in the City of London

BDD
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing BDD in the City of London.

Daily rate trend for BDD in the City of London

BDD
Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing BDD in the City of London over the 6 months to 25 January 2022.

Daily rate histogram for BDD in the City of London

For the 6 months to 25 January 2022, IT contractor jobs citing BDD also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for BDD.

1 108 (85.71%) TDD
2 101 (80.16%) Agile Software Development
3 68 (53.97%) Java
4 50 (39.68%) Microservices
5 45 (35.71%) Scrum
6 39 (30.95%) CI/CD
7 38 (30.16%) Test Automation
8 35 (27.78%) Pair Programming
9 31 (24.60%) AWS
10 25 (19.84%) Git (software)
10 25 (19.84%) Docker
10 25 (19.84%) Software Engineering
10 25 (19.84%) JavaScript
11 24 (19.05%) Kafka
12 23 (18.25%) SDLC
13 22 (17.46%) HTML
13 22 (17.46%) Finance
14 21 (16.67%) Azure
15 20 (15.87%) Continuous Integration
15 20 (15.87%) SQL
15 20 (15.87%) CSS
15 20 (15.87%) Python
16 19 (15.08%) JIRA
16 19 (15.08%) Kanban
17 18 (14.29%) RESTful
17 18 (14.29%) Low Latency
17 18 (14.29%) Java 11
18 17 (13.49%) AngularJS
18 17 (13.49%) Scala
18 17 (13.49%) Multithreading

BDD
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 9 (7.14%) Confluence
2 4 (3.17%) Apache
2 4 (3.17%) Apache Airflow
2 4 (3.17%) Apache Spark
3 3 (2.38%) JBoss
4 2 (1.59%) Oracle Coherence
4 2 (1.59%) Red Hat Fuse
4 2 (1.59%) WebLogic
5 1 (0.79%) CMS
5 1 (0.79%) Headless CMS
5 1 (0.79%) Mule
5 1 (0.79%) Oracle SOA Suite
5 1 (0.79%) Tomcat
Applications
1 1 (0.79%) Microsoft Office
Business Applications
1 1 (0.79%) Dynamics CRM
1 1 (0.79%) RMDS
Cloud Services
1 31 (24.60%) AWS
2 21 (16.67%) Azure
3 9 (7.14%) GitHub
4 7 (5.56%) Serverless
5 5 (3.97%) GCP
6 4 (3.17%) Amazon CloudWatch
6 4 (3.17%) Amazon EMR
6 4 (3.17%) AWS Lambda
7 3 (2.38%) Amazon Cognito
8 2 (1.59%) Google Analytics
8 2 (1.59%) Power Platform
8 2 (1.59%) SaaS
9 1 (0.79%) Amazon S3
9 1 (0.79%) Apigee
9 1 (0.79%) AWS IoT
9 1 (0.79%) FinancialForce
9 1 (0.79%) Salesforce Sales Cloud
9 1 (0.79%) Salesforce Service Cloud
9 1 (0.79%) Slack
Communications & Networking
1 2 (1.59%) MQTT
2 1 (0.79%) Internet
Database & Business Intelligence
1 10 (7.94%) MySQL
1 10 (7.94%) PostgreSQL
2 9 (7.14%) MongoDB
2 9 (7.14%) Relational Database
3 8 (6.35%) SQL Server
4 6 (4.76%) Oracle Database
5 5 (3.97%) RDBMS
6 4 (3.17%) Amazon DynamoDB
6 4 (3.17%) NoSQL
7 3 (2.38%) Data Warehouse
7 3 (2.38%) SQL Server Integration Services
8 2 (1.59%) Apache Ignite
8 2 (1.59%) Hazelcast
8 2 (1.59%) Infinispan
8 2 (1.59%) Power BI
8 2 (1.59%) SQL Server Analysis Services
9 1 (0.79%) Amazon RDS
9 1 (0.79%) Data Lake
9 1 (0.79%) Tableau Desktop
9 1 (0.79%) Tableau Server
Development Applications
1 25 (19.84%) Git (software)
2 19 (15.08%) JIRA
3 13 (10.32%) Selenium
4 10 (7.94%) Cucumber
5 9 (7.14%) Jenkins
6 8 (6.35%) WebDriver
7 7 (5.56%) SpecFlow
8 6 (4.76%) Mockito
9 5 (3.97%) GitLab
9 5 (3.97%) Maven
9 5 (3.97%) webpack
10 4 (3.17%) Appium
10 4 (3.17%) Grunt
10 4 (3.17%) gulp
10 4 (3.17%) Octopus Deploy
10 4 (3.17%) TeamCity
11 3 (2.38%) jMock
11 3 (2.38%) NUnit
11 3 (2.38%) Postman
11 3 (2.38%) TestNG
General
1 22 (17.46%) Finance
2 15 (11.90%) Front Office
3 12 (9.52%) Banking
4 11 (8.73%) Analytical Skills
4 11 (8.73%) Social Skills
5 7 (5.56%) Investment Banking
6 3 (2.38%) Advertising
6 3 (2.38%) Retail
7 2 (1.59%) Public Sector
8 1 (0.79%) Games
8 1 (0.79%) Marketing
8 1 (0.79%) Military
8 1 (0.79%) Police
8 1 (0.79%) Presentation Skills
8 1 (0.79%) Telecoms
Job Titles
1 87 (69.05%) Developer
2 45 (35.71%) Java Developer
3 12 (9.52%) Angular Developer
4 9 (7.14%) Python Developer
4 9 (7.14%) Scala Developer
5 8 (6.35%) Java Engineer
6 7 (5.56%) Software Engineer
6 7 (5.56%) Tester
7 6 (4.76%) Senior Developer
8 5 (3.97%) Analyst
8 5 (3.97%) Data Engineer
8 5 (3.97%) Python Engineer
8 5 (3.97%) Software Developer
9 4 (3.17%) Automation Tester
9 4 (3.17%) Ruby on Rails Developer
9 4 (3.17%) Senior Data Engineer
9 4 (3.17%) Senior Java Engineer
9 4 (3.17%) Senior UI Developer
9 4 (3.17%) Test Analyst
9 4 (3.17%) UI Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 24 (19.05%) Kafka
2 22 (17.46%) HTML
3 20 (15.87%) CSS
4 18 (14.29%) RESTful
5 17 (13.49%) AngularJS
6 15 (11.90%) REST
6 15 (11.90%) Spring
7 11 (8.73%) Node.js
7 11 (8.73%) React
8 10 (7.94%) XML
9 9 (7.14%) .NET
9 9 (7.14%) JSON
9 9 (7.14%) Sass
9 9 (7.14%) Spring Boot
9 9 (7.14%) Web Services
10 6 (4.76%) Gherkin
11 5 (3.97%) GraphQL
11 5 (3.97%) HTML5
12 4 (3.17%) Ruby on Rails
12 4 (3.17%) SVG
Miscellaneous
1 15 (11.90%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
2 10 (7.94%) Enterprise Software
3 9 (7.14%) Greenfield Project
4 6 (4.76%) Data Structures
4 6 (4.76%) Legacy Systems
4 6 (4.76%) User Experience
5 5 (3.97%) Mobile App
5 5 (3.97%) Self-Motivation
6 3 (2.38%) Hybrid Cloud
6 3 (2.38%) Management Information System
6 3 (2.38%) Public Cloud
7 2 (1.59%) Fixed Income
7 2 (1.59%) Reference Data
8 1 (0.79%) Algorithms
8 1 (0.79%) Cloud Native
8 1 (0.79%) Derivative
8 1 (0.79%) Equities
8 1 (0.79%) Hedge funds
8 1 (0.79%) Interest Rate Derivative
8 1 (0.79%) Replication
Operating Systems
1 5 (3.97%) Linux
2 4 (3.17%) Unix
3 3 (2.38%) Android
3 3 (2.38%) Apple iOS
4 1 (0.79%) Mac OS X
4 1 (0.79%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 108 (85.71%) TDD
2 101 (80.16%) Agile Software Development
3 50 (39.68%) Microservices
4 45 (35.71%) Scrum
5 39 (30.95%) CI/CD
6 38 (30.16%) Test Automation
7 35 (27.78%) Pair Programming
8 25 (19.84%) Software Engineering
9 23 (18.25%) SDLC
10 20 (15.87%) Continuous Integration
11 19 (15.08%) Kanban
12 18 (14.29%) Low Latency
13 17 (13.49%) Multithreading
14 15 (11.90%) DevOps
14 15 (11.90%) Electronic Trading
14 15 (11.90%) User Stories
15 13 (10.32%) Problem-Solving
16 12 (9.52%) Continuous Improvement
17 11 (8.73%) API Design
17 11 (8.73%) Front End Development
Programming Languages
1 68 (53.97%) Java
2 25 (19.84%) JavaScript
3 20 (15.87%) Python
3 20 (15.87%) SQL
4 18 (14.29%) Java 11
5 17 (13.49%) Scala
6 13 (10.32%) Java 8
7 10 (7.94%) C#
8 5 (3.97%) C
8 5 (3.97%) Ruby
9 4 (3.17%) Kotlin
10 3 (2.38%) VBScript
11 1 (0.79%) Apex Code
11 1 (0.79%) Apple Swift
11 1 (0.79%) ES6
11 1 (0.79%) Go
11 1 (0.79%) TypeScript
11 1 (0.79%) VB
Qualifications
1 10 (7.94%) SC Cleared
1 10 (7.94%) Security Cleared
2 3 (2.38%) Computer Science Degree
2 3 (2.38%) Degree
2 3 (2.38%) ISTQB
2 3 (2.38%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
2 3 (2.38%) Numerate Degree
2 3 (2.38%) OCPJP
2 3 (2.38%) Sun Certification
3 2 (1.59%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
4 1 (0.79%) AWS Certification
4 1 (0.79%) BPSS Clearance
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 11 (8.73%) QA
2 4 (3.17%) Accessibility
3 2 (1.59%) WCAG
4 1 (0.79%) IFRS
4 1 (0.79%) Sarbanes-Oxley
4 1 (0.79%) Solvency II
System Software
1 25 (19.84%) Docker
Systems Management
1 13 (10.32%) Kubernetes
2 5 (3.97%) Grafana
2 5 (3.97%) Prometheus
3 3 (2.38%) HP ALM
3 3 (2.38%) Terraform
Vendors
1 12 (9.52%) Oracle
2 7 (5.56%) Microsoft
3 3 (2.38%) Google
3 3 (2.38%) Sun
4 2 (1.59%) Salesforce.com
4 2 (1.59%) Sybase
4 2 (1.59%) Xamarin
5 1 (0.79%) Adobe
5 1 (0.79%) Apple
5 1 (0.79%) Databricks
5 1 (0.79%) DevExpress
5 1 (0.79%) HP
5 1 (0.79%) IBM
5 1 (0.79%) ION Trading
5 1 (0.79%) Salesforce Marketing Cloud
5 1 (0.79%) Solace
5 1 (0.79%) TIBCO