Period
to 22 November 2017

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for BDD skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited BDD over the 6 months to 22 November 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Behaviour-Driven Development (BDD)
Central London > City of London
6 months to
22 Nov 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 45 36 38
Rank change year-on-year -9 +2 +20
Contract jobs citing BDD 352 384 391
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 4.92% 5.73% 4.35%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 5.57% 6.56% 5.18%
Number of daily rates quoted 311 353 358
City of London median daily rate £525 £525 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +10.53% +5.56%
10th Percentile £375 £363 £325
90th Percentile £650 £638 £627
Central London median daily rate £525 £500 £475
% change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% +5.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 0 0
City of London median hourly rate - - -
Central London median hourly rate - - -

BDD is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
City of London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 6324 5855 7542
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 88.35% 87.43% 83.93%
Number of daily rates quoted 5023 4676 5997
City of London median daily rate £513 £475 £465
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +7.89% +2.15% +3.33%
10th Percentile £326 £313 £288
90th Percentile £688 £674 £650
Central London median daily rate £500 £475 £460
% change year-on-year +5.26% +3.26% +2.79%
Number of hourly rates quoted 59 54 72
City of London median hourly rate £20.00 £20.00 £21.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - -4.76% +10.53%
10th Percentile £13.34 £13.58 £10.84
90th Percentile £30.90 £53.54 £46.05
Central London median hourly rate £20.25 £19.00 £20.50
% change year-on-year +6.58% -7.32% +13.92%

BDD
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing BDD as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for BDD in the City of London

BDD
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing BDD in the City of London.

Contractor daily rate trend for BDD in the City of London

BDD
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing BDD in the City of London over the 6 months to 22 November 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for BDD in the City of London

BDD
Contract Job Locations in the City of London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing BDD within the City of London region over the 6 months to 22 November 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London Bridge - 2 £450 -
BDD
Central London

For the 6 months to 22 November 2017, IT contractor jobs citing BDD also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads across the City of London region with a requirement for BDD.

1 298 (84.66%) Agile Software Development
2 280 (79.55%) TDD
3 189 (53.69%) Java
4 147 (41.76%) JavaScript
5 132 (37.50%) Test Automation
6 111 (31.53%) Finance
7 105 (29.83%) Scrum
7 105 (29.83%) Continuous Integration
8 94 (26.70%) HTML
9 93 (26.42%) Banking
9 93 (26.42%) AngularJS
10 90 (25.57%) Git (software)
11 86 (24.43%) Web Services
12 82 (23.30%) C#
12 82 (23.30%) Jenkins
13 81 (23.01%) HTML5
14 76 (21.59%) MongoDB
15 74 (21.02%) React
16 72 (20.45%) MVC
17 67 (19.03%) .NET
17 67 (19.03%) Pair Programming
18 65 (18.47%) Software Engineering
18 65 (18.47%) CSS
19 62 (17.61%) Spring
19 62 (17.61%) QA
20 61 (17.33%) Amazon AWS
20 61 (17.33%) Cucumber
20 61 (17.33%) DevOps
21 60 (17.05%) JIRA
22 59 (16.76%) Selenium

BDD
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 24 (6.82%) Confluence
2 19 (5.40%) Apache Spark
3 12 (3.41%) Elasticsearch
4 9 (2.56%) Cloud Foundry
5 4 (1.14%) CMS
5 4 (1.14%) Mule
6 3 (0.85%) Apache
6 3 (0.85%) JBoss
6 3 (0.85%) NServiceBus
6 3 (0.85%) Oracle SOA Suite
7 2 (0.57%) Adobe Experience Manager
7 2 (0.57%) EPiServer
7 2 (0.57%) Sitecore CMS
8 1 (0.28%) Apache Pig
8 1 (0.28%) Apache Solr
8 1 (0.28%) IIS
8 1 (0.28%) Oracle Service Bus
8 1 (0.28%) SharePoint
8 1 (0.28%) Tomcat
8 1 (0.28%) WildFly
Applications
1 1 (0.28%) Microsoft Excel
1 1 (0.28%) Mingle
Business Applications
1 3 (0.85%) Endur
2 2 (0.57%) Dynamics CRM
2 2 (0.57%) Eloqua
3 1 (0.28%) IntelliMatch
Cloud Services
1 61 (17.33%) Amazon AWS
2 19 (5.40%) Microsoft Azure
3 11 (3.13%) npm
4 9 (2.56%) GitHub
5 5 (1.42%) Google Play
5 5 (1.42%) PaaS
6 3 (0.85%) BlazeMeter
6 3 (0.85%) CloudBees
6 3 (0.85%) Heroku
6 3 (0.85%) IaaS
6 3 (0.85%) OpenShift
6 3 (0.85%) Slack
7 2 (0.57%) BrowserStack
7 2 (0.57%) Serverless
8 1 (0.28%) Amazon SQS
8 1 (0.28%) Google Cloud Platform
Communications & Networking
1 10 (2.84%) HTTP
2 3 (0.85%) DNS
2 3 (0.85%) Firewall
2 3 (0.85%) FTP
2 3 (0.85%) SSL
2 3 (0.85%) TCP/IP
3 2 (0.57%) Ethernet
3 2 (0.57%) LDAP
3 2 (0.57%) Unified Communications
3 2 (0.57%) VPLS
4 1 (0.28%) DSL
4 1 (0.28%) FIX Connectivity
4 1 (0.28%) Internet
Database & Business Intelligence
1 76 (21.59%) MongoDB
2 43 (12.22%) Big Data
3 42 (11.93%) NoSQL
4 28 (7.95%) SQL Server
5 27 (7.67%) Hadoop
6 22 (6.25%) MySQL
7 20 (5.68%) PostgreSQL
8 18 (5.11%) Apache Hive
9 16 (4.55%) Apache Cassandra
10 15 (4.26%) HBase
11 14 (3.98%) Relational Database
12 10 (2.84%) Impala
13 7 (1.99%) Couchbase
14 6 (1.70%) Neo4j
14 6 (1.70%) Redis
15 5 (1.42%) Amazon DynamoDB
15 5 (1.42%) InfluxDB
15 5 (1.42%) RDBMS
16 4 (1.14%) RavenDB
16 4 (1.14%) SQL Server 2012
Development Applications
1 90 (25.57%) Git (software)
2 82 (23.30%) Jenkins
3 61 (17.33%) Cucumber
4 60 (17.05%) JIRA
5 59 (16.76%) Selenium
6 34 (9.66%) SpecFlow
7 30 (8.52%) Team Foundation Server
8 28 (7.95%) gulp
8 28 (7.95%) WebDriver
9 27 (7.67%) Maven
10 24 (6.82%) IntelliJ
10 24 (6.82%) TeamCity
11 23 (6.53%) Appium
11 23 (6.53%) Grunt
12 18 (5.11%) Subversion
13 17 (4.83%) NUnit
14 13 (3.69%) webpack
15 12 (3.41%) Babel
15 12 (3.41%) Gradle
15 12 (3.41%) Jasmine
General
1 111 (31.53%) Finance
2 93 (26.42%) Banking
3 33 (9.38%) Investment Banking
4 18 (5.11%) Financial Institution
5 15 (4.26%) Retail
6 12 (3.41%) Front Office
7 10 (2.84%) Marketing
7 10 (2.84%) Publishing
8 7 (1.99%) Back Office
8 7 (1.99%) Telecoms
9 6 (1.70%) Advertising
9 6 (1.70%) Law
10 5 (1.42%) Retail Banking
11 3 (0.85%) Digital Economy
11 3 (0.85%) Legal
11 3 (0.85%) Wholesale Banking
12 2 (0.57%) Games
Job Titles
1 233 (66.19%) Developer
2 92 (26.14%) Java Developer
3 42 (11.93%) Analyst
4 38 (10.80%) .NET Developer
4 38 (10.80%) Senior Developer
5 36 (10.23%) Full Stack Developer
6 25 (7.10%) Agile Developer
7 23 (6.53%) C# Developer
8 19 (5.40%) Agile Java Developer
9 18 (5.11%) Angular Developer
10 17 (4.83%) Business Analyst
10 17 (4.83%) JavaScript Developer
10 17 (4.83%) Test Analyst
11 16 (4.55%) Test Engineer
12 15 (4.26%) Java Engineer
13 14 (3.98%) C# .NET Developer
13 14 (3.98%) Scala Developer
14 12 (3.41%) Test Automation Engineer
15 11 (3.13%) Big Data Developer
15 11 (3.13%) Senior Full Stack Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 94 (26.70%) HTML
2 93 (26.42%) AngularJS
3 86 (24.43%) Web Services
4 81 (23.01%) HTML5
5 74 (21.02%) React
6 67 (19.03%) .NET
7 65 (18.47%) CSS
8 62 (17.61%) Spring
9 59 (16.76%) REST
10 46 (13.07%) Node.js
11 44 (12.50%) RESTful
12 38 (10.80%) Gherkin
12 38 (10.80%) Redux
13 36 (10.23%) Kafka
14 27 (7.67%) Play Framework
14 27 (7.67%) Spring Boot
15 26 (7.39%) ASP.NET
15 26 (7.39%) ASP.NET Web API
16 24 (6.82%) Dropwizard
17 23 (6.53%) Hystrix
Miscellaneous
1 46 (13.07%) Mobile App
2 34 (9.66%) User Experience
3 28 (7.95%) Greenfield Project
4 24 (6.82%) Analytical Skills
5 21 (5.97%) Fintech
6 12 (3.41%) Virtual Team
7 11 (3.13%) Computer Science
7 11 (3.13%) Derivative
7 11 (3.13%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
7 11 (3.13%) Hedge funds
8 10 (2.84%) Market Risk
9 9 (2.56%) Reference Data
10 6 (1.70%) Equities
11 5 (1.42%) Mobile Banking
11 5 (1.42%) Video on Demand
12 4 (1.14%) Enterprise Software
12 4 (1.14%) PDA
13 3 (0.85%) Credit Risk
13 3 (0.85%) N-Tier
13 3 (0.85%) Social Network
Operating Systems
1 28 (7.95%) Android
2 27 (7.67%) Apple iOS
3 15 (4.26%) Linux
4 11 (3.13%) Windows
5 8 (2.27%) Unix
6 2 (0.57%) Windows Server
7 1 (0.28%) CoreOS
7 1 (0.28%) Mac OS X
7 1 (0.28%) Windows Server 2008
Processes & Methodologies
1 298 (84.66%) Agile Software Development
2 280 (79.55%) TDD
3 132 (37.50%) Test Automation
4 105 (29.83%) Continuous Integration
4 105 (29.83%) Scrum
5 72 (20.45%) MVC
6 67 (19.03%) Pair Programming
7 65 (18.47%) Software Engineering
8 61 (17.33%) DevOps
9 59 (16.76%) Microservices
10 49 (13.92%) Kanban
11 44 (12.50%) SOLID
12 40 (11.36%) SOA
13 38 (10.80%) Domain-Driven Design
14 36 (10.23%) Digital Transformation Programme
15 34 (9.66%) OO
16 32 (9.09%) Front End Development
16 32 (9.09%) SDLC
17 31 (8.81%) E-Commerce
18 30 (8.52%) Refactoring
Programming Languages
1 189 (53.69%) Java
2 147 (41.76%) JavaScript
3 82 (23.30%) C#
4 55 (15.63%) SQL
5 31 (8.81%) Groovy
5 31 (8.81%) Scala
6 25 (7.10%) ES6
7 22 (6.25%) Python
8 18 (5.11%) Ruby
9 16 (4.55%) Objective-C
10 14 (3.98%) Apple Swift
11 10 (2.84%) TypeScript
12 5 (1.42%) Clojure
12 5 (1.42%) GraphQL
12 5 (1.42%) T-SQL
13 4 (1.14%) C
13 4 (1.14%) Kotlin
13 4 (1.14%) PHP
14 2 (0.57%) Bash Shell
14 2 (0.57%) Go
Qualifications
1 17 (4.83%) Degree
2 11 (3.13%) Computer Science Degree
3 5 (1.42%) ISTQB
4 4 (1.14%) ISEB
5 3 (0.85%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
5 3 (0.85%) Security Cleared
6 2 (0.57%) DV Cleared
7 1 (0.28%) CFA
7 1 (0.28%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
7 1 (0.28%) Numerate Degree
7 1 (0.28%) SC Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 62 (17.61%) QA
2 2 (0.57%) MiFID
3 1 (0.28%) Dodd-Frank
3 1 (0.28%) EMIR
3 1 (0.28%) ISO 20022
3 1 (0.28%) ISO 8583
3 1 (0.28%) ISO/IEC 27001
System Software
1 42 (11.93%) Docker
2 9 (2.56%) HDFS
3 3 (0.85%) Apache Flume
4 1 (0.28%) Active Directory
Systems Management
1 10 (2.84%) Puppet
2 9 (2.56%) Ansible
2 9 (2.56%) Opscode Chef
3 6 (1.70%) Docker Swarm
3 6 (1.70%) Grafana
3 6 (1.70%) Kubernetes
4 3 (0.85%) HP Quality Center
4 3 (0.85%) Kibana
4 3 (0.85%) Oozie
5 2 (0.57%) Mesos
6 1 (0.28%) BladeLogic
6 1 (0.28%) Graphite
6 1 (0.28%) HP SiteScope
6 1 (0.28%) Nagios
6 1 (0.28%) Rancher
6 1 (0.28%) Terraform
6 1 (0.28%) ZABBIX
Vendors
1 22 (6.25%) New Relic
2 19 (5.40%) Microsoft
3 14 (3.98%) Oracle
4 11 (3.13%) Salesforce.com
5 9 (2.56%) Google
6 8 (2.27%) HP
7 5 (1.42%) Apple
7 5 (1.42%) Xamarin
8 4 (1.14%) Atlassian
8 4 (1.14%) Splunk
9 3 (0.85%) AppDynamics
9 3 (0.85%) CA Agile Central
9 3 (0.85%) OpenLink
9 3 (0.85%) Perforce
9 3 (0.85%) Sitecore
9 3 (0.85%) Sybase
10 2 (0.57%) Adobe
10 2 (0.57%) Apigee
10 2 (0.57%) Cloudera
10 2 (0.57%) Murex