Period
to 17 February 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for BDD skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited BDD over the 6 months to 17 February 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Behaviour-Driven Development (BDD)
Central London > City of London
6 months to
17 Feb 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 57 40 42
Rank change year-on-year -17 +2 -10
Contract jobs citing BDD 176 364 361
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 3.75% 5.43% 5.11%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 4.29% 6.13% 5.74%
Number of daily rates quoted 156 310 321
City of London median daily rate £550 £538 £525
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.33% +2.38% -
10th Percentile £441 £415 £400
90th Percentile £675 £675 £638
Central London median daily rate £550 £538 £520
% change year-on-year +2.33% +3.37% -0.95%
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 0 0
City of London median hourly rate - - -
Central London median hourly rate £35.00 - -

BDD is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
City of London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 4,101 5,942 6,292
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 87.42% 88.58% 89.13%
Number of daily rates quoted 3,117 4,644 5,020
City of London median daily rate £513 £520 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -1.44% +4.00% +3.63%
10th Percentile £315 £325 £325
90th Percentile £688 £675 £688
Central London median daily rate £500 £513 £500
% change year-on-year -2.44% +2.50% +5.26%
Number of hourly rates quoted 58 57 71
City of London median hourly rate £21.00 £22.00 £18.70
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -4.55% +17.65% -8.78%
10th Percentile £12.42 £13.00 £11.61
90th Percentile £51.55 £37.09 £38.50
Central London median hourly rate £21.56 £21.07 £20.75
% change year-on-year +2.31% +1.55% +6.63%

BDD
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing BDD as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for BDD in the City of London

BDD
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing BDD in the City of London.

Contractor daily rate trend for BDD in the City of London

BDD
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing BDD in the City of London over the 6 months to 17 February 2020.

Contractor daily rate histogram for BDD in the City of London

BDD
Contract Job Locations in the City of London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing BDD within the City of London region over the 6 months to 17 February 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Moorgate -2 4 £500 -4.76%
BDD
Central London

For the 6 months to 17 February 2020, IT contractor jobs citing BDD also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for BDD.

1 154 (87.50%) TDD
2 136 (77.27%) Agile Software Development
3 93 (52.84%) Java
4 63 (35.80%) Microservices
5 49 (27.84%) Kafka
6 47 (26.70%) Spring
7 46 (26.14%) JavaScript
8 41 (23.30%) Pair Programming
8 41 (23.30%) Scrum
9 36 (20.45%) AngularJS
9 36 (20.45%) Docker
9 36 (20.45%) DevOps
10 33 (18.75%) Finance
11 32 (18.18%) Test Automation
12 31 (17.61%) Java 8
13 30 (17.05%) Kubernetes
13 30 (17.05%) AWS
13 30 (17.05%) Software Engineering
14 29 (16.48%) Continuous Integration
14 29 (16.48%) REST
15 27 (15.34%) Azure
15 27 (15.34%) HTML
15 27 (15.34%) CSS
16 26 (14.77%) C#
16 26 (14.77%) Git (software)
16 26 (14.77%) React
17 25 (14.20%) Node.js
17 25 (14.20%) Spring Cloud
18 24 (13.64%) TypeScript
19 22 (12.50%) Kanban

BDD
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 13 (7.39%) Elasticsearch
2 8 (4.55%) Apache Spark
3 6 (3.41%) Confluence
4 3 (1.70%) Anypoint
4 3 (1.70%) IIS
5 2 (1.14%) JBoss
5 2 (1.14%) Jetty
5 2 (1.14%) Tomcat
5 2 (1.14%) WordPress
Applications
1 5 (2.84%) Microsoft Excel
1 5 (2.84%) Microsoft PowerPoint
1 5 (2.84%) MS Visio
2 3 (1.70%) Microsoft Office
2 3 (1.70%) Microsoft Project
3 1 (0.57%) Chatbot
Cloud Services
1 30 (17.05%) AWS
2 27 (15.34%) Azure
3 16 (9.09%) GCP
4 7 (3.98%) GitHub
5 4 (2.27%) PaaS
6 3 (1.70%) Amazon SQS
6 3 (1.70%) Azure Data Factory
6 3 (1.70%) Google App Engine
6 3 (1.70%) IaaS
6 3 (1.70%) npm
6 3 (1.70%) SaaS
6 3 (1.70%) Tricentis Tosca
7 1 (0.57%) Amazon ECS
7 1 (0.57%) Amazon EKS
7 1 (0.57%) AWS Lambda
7 1 (0.57%) BrowserStack
7 1 (0.57%) Data Lake Analytics
7 1 (0.57%) Power Platform
7 1 (0.57%) Sauce Labs
7 1 (0.57%) Serverless
Communications & Networking
1 11 (6.25%) HTTP
2 10 (5.68%) DNS
2 10 (5.68%) FTP
2 10 (5.68%) SSL
2 10 (5.68%) TCP/IP
3 1 (0.57%) Internet
Database & Business Intelligence
1 21 (11.93%) MongoDB
2 12 (6.82%) SQL Server
3 10 (5.68%) MySQL
4 9 (5.11%) PostgreSQL
5 8 (4.55%) NoSQL
6 6 (3.41%) Hadoop
6 6 (3.41%) Relational Database
7 5 (2.84%) Apache Cassandra
7 5 (2.84%) Big Data
8 4 (2.27%) Data Lake
8 4 (2.27%) HBase
8 4 (2.27%) Redis
9 3 (1.70%) Amazon DynamoDB
9 3 (1.70%) Apache Hive
9 3 (1.70%) Impala
10 2 (1.14%) Cosmos DB
10 2 (1.14%) Data Warehouse
10 2 (1.14%) SQL Server Integration Services
11 1 (0.57%) Azure SQL Data Warehouse
11 1 (0.57%) Power BI
Development Applications
1 26 (14.77%) Git (software)
2 16 (9.09%) Cucumber
2 16 (9.09%) Jenkins
3 13 (7.39%) Selenium
4 11 (6.25%) Gatling
4 11 (6.25%) GitLab
4 11 (6.25%) Spock
5 10 (5.68%) Geb
5 10 (5.68%) Gradle
6 8 (4.55%) JIRA
6 8 (4.55%) Postman
6 8 (4.55%) SpecFlow
6 8 (4.55%) TeamCity
7 7 (3.98%) webpack
8 6 (3.41%) gulp
8 6 (3.41%) NUnit
9 4 (2.27%) Jasmine
9 4 (2.27%) Mocha
9 4 (2.27%) Team Foundation Server
9 4 (2.27%) Visual Studio Team System
General
1 33 (18.75%) Finance
2 12 (6.82%) Banking
3 6 (3.41%) Front Office
4 5 (2.84%) Investment Banking
4 5 (2.84%) Retail
5 3 (1.70%) Public Sector
6 2 (1.14%) Financial Institution
7 1 (0.57%) Legal
7 1 (0.57%) Marketing
Job Titles
1 125 (71.02%) Developer
2 63 (35.80%) Java Developer
3 16 (9.09%) Senior Developer
4 13 (7.39%) Analyst
5 12 (6.82%) Full Stack Developer
6 9 (5.11%) Agile Developer
6 9 (5.11%) Agile Java Developer
6 9 (5.11%) Business Analyst
7 8 (4.55%) Node.js Developer
8 7 (3.98%) AWS Developer
8 7 (3.98%) Java Engineer
9 6 (3.41%) Architect
9 6 (3.41%) C# Developer
9 6 (3.41%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
9 6 (3.41%) Lead Developer
9 6 (3.41%) React Developer
10 5 (2.84%) Angular Developer
10 5 (2.84%) iOS Developer
10 5 (2.84%) JavaScript Developer
10 5 (2.84%) Tester
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 49 (27.84%) Kafka
2 47 (26.70%) Spring
3 36 (20.45%) AngularJS
4 29 (16.48%) REST
5 27 (15.34%) CSS
5 27 (15.34%) HTML
6 26 (14.77%) React
7 25 (14.20%) Node.js
7 25 (14.20%) Spring Cloud
8 19 (10.80%) RESTful
8 19 (10.80%) Spring Boot
9 17 (9.66%) HTML5
10 14 (7.95%) SOAP
10 14 (7.95%) Web Services
11 13 (7.39%) .NET
11 13 (7.39%) Dropwizard
11 13 (7.39%) OAuth
12 11 (6.25%) OAuth2
13 10 (5.68%) Ratpack
13 10 (5.68%) WireMock
Miscellaneous
1 15 (8.52%) Greenfield Project
2 14 (7.95%) Analytical Skills
3 8 (4.55%) Enterprise Software
3 8 (4.55%) User Experience
4 4 (2.27%) Management Information System
5 3 (1.70%) Over-the-Top Content
5 3 (1.70%) Video\Live Streaming
5 3 (1.70%) Wiki
6 2 (1.14%) Equities
6 2 (1.14%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
6 2 (1.14%) iPad
6 2 (1.14%) Mobile App
6 2 (1.14%) Public Cloud
7 1 (0.57%) AS400
7 1 (0.57%) Fixed Income
7 1 (0.57%) iPhone
7 1 (0.57%) iSeries
7 1 (0.57%) NHS
7 1 (0.57%) Video on Demand
7 1 (0.57%) W3C
Operating Systems
1 19 (10.80%) Linux
2 8 (4.55%) Apple iOS
3 6 (3.41%) Unix
4 3 (1.70%) Mac OS X
5 2 (1.14%) Windows
6 1 (0.57%) Android
6 1 (0.57%) tvOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 154 (87.50%) TDD
2 136 (77.27%) Agile Software Development
3 63 (35.80%) Microservices
4 41 (23.30%) Pair Programming
4 41 (23.30%) Scrum
5 36 (20.45%) DevOps
6 32 (18.18%) Test Automation
7 30 (17.05%) Software Engineering
8 29 (16.48%) Continuous Integration
9 22 (12.50%) Kanban
10 15 (8.52%) Acceptance Criteria
11 14 (7.95%) Continuous Delivery
11 14 (7.95%) Domain-Driven Design
12 13 (7.39%) Digital Transformation Programme
13 12 (6.82%) SDLC
13 12 (6.82%) SOLID
13 12 (6.82%) User Stories
14 11 (6.25%) Continuous Improvement
14 11 (6.25%) Fintech
14 11 (6.25%) Front End Development
Programming Languages
1 93 (52.84%) Java
2 46 (26.14%) JavaScript
3 31 (17.61%) Java 8
4 26 (14.77%) C#
5 24 (13.64%) TypeScript
6 17 (9.66%) Python
7 14 (7.95%) SQL
8 9 (5.11%) Scala
9 7 (3.98%) ES6
10 6 (3.41%) Ruby
11 5 (2.84%) Apple Swift
12 4 (2.27%) Apex Code
12 4 (2.27%) PHP
13 3 (1.70%) Go
13 3 (1.70%) T-SQL
14 2 (1.14%) Groovy
15 1 (0.57%) C
15 1 (0.57%) C++
15 1 (0.57%) PowerShell
15 1 (0.57%) RPG
Qualifications
1 5 (2.84%) SC Cleared
1 5 (2.84%) Security Cleared
2 4 (2.27%) Degree
2 4 (2.27%) ISEB
3 3 (1.70%) ISTQB
4 1 (0.57%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
4 1 (0.57%) Master's Degree
4 1 (0.57%) Numerate Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 14 (7.95%) QA
System Software
1 36 (20.45%) Docker
2 3 (1.70%) HDFS
3 1 (0.57%) Varnish
3 1 (0.57%) Virtual Machines
3 1 (0.57%) VMware Infrastructure
3 1 (0.57%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 30 (17.05%) Kubernetes
2 13 (7.39%) Terraform
3 10 (5.68%) Ansible
3 10 (5.68%) Docker Swarm
4 3 (1.70%) Hadoop YARN
4 3 (1.70%) Opscode Chef
4 3 (1.70%) Puppet
5 2 (1.14%) Cobbler
5 2 (1.14%) MIIS
Vendors
1 13 (7.39%) Google
2 5 (2.84%) Salesforce.com
3 3 (1.70%) Atlassian
3 3 (1.70%) Microsoft
3 3 (1.70%) MuleSoft
4 2 (1.14%) New Relic
4 2 (1.14%) Oracle
5 1 (0.57%) Apple
5 1 (0.57%) Birst
5 1 (0.57%) Cognos
5 1 (0.57%) IBM
5 1 (0.57%) VMware