Period
to 10 December 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for BDD skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited BDD over the 6 months to 10 December 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Behaviour-Driven Development (BDD)
Central London > City of London
6 months to
10 Dec 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 39 40 36
Rank change year-on-year +1 -4 +4
Contract jobs citing BDD 382 351 373
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 5.35% 4.92% 5.72%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 6.12% 5.49% 6.46%
Number of daily rates quoted 332 311 342
City of London median daily rate £525 £525 £525
10th Percentile £425 £375 £363
90th Percentile £650 £650 £650
Central London median daily rate £525 £525 £500
% change year-on-year - +5.00% +5.26%
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 0 0
City of London median hourly rate - - -
Central London median hourly rate - - -

BDD is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
City of London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 6,238 6,397 5,775
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 87.39% 89.58% 88.59%
Number of daily rates quoted 4,938 5,099 4,577
City of London median daily rate £510 £510 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +7.37% +0.80%
10th Percentile £325 £325 £319
90th Percentile £675 £688 £672
Central London median daily rate £500 £500 £475
% change year-on-year - +5.26% +3.26%
Number of hourly rates quoted 88 59 53
City of London median hourly rate £18.70 £18.70 £20.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - -6.50% -1.23%
10th Percentile £13.22 £13.00 £13.75
90th Percentile £33.60 £31.10 £55.00
Central London median hourly rate £19.00 £20.00 £19.00
% change year-on-year -5.00% +5.26% -5.00%

BDD
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing BDD as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for BDD in the City of London

BDD
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing BDD in the City of London.

Contractor daily rate trend for BDD in the City of London

BDD
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing BDD in the City of London over the 6 months to 10 December 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for BDD in the City of London

BDD
Contract Job Locations in the City of London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing BDD within the City of London region over the 6 months to 10 December 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Moorgate - 8 £525 -
BDD
Central London

For the 6 months to 10 December 2018, IT contractor jobs citing BDD also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for BDD.

1 310 (81.15%) TDD
2 294 (76.96%) Agile Software Development
3 149 (39.01%) Java
4 144 (37.70%) JavaScript
5 112 (29.32%) Scrum
6 110 (28.80%) Finance
7 109 (28.53%) HTML
7 109 (28.53%) Test Automation
8 93 (24.35%) CSS
9 89 (23.30%) Spring
10 88 (23.04%) Docker
11 83 (21.73%) Git (software)
12 82 (21.47%) Microservices
13 78 (20.42%) .NET
14 76 (19.90%) REST
15 75 (19.63%) C#
16 73 (19.11%) Selenium
16 73 (19.11%) DevOps
17 71 (18.59%) AngularJS
17 71 (18.59%) Amazon AWS
18 68 (17.80%) Continuous Integration
19 65 (17.02%) Kanban
20 64 (16.75%) Banking
20 64 (16.75%) Cucumber
21 62 (16.23%) RESTful
22 61 (15.97%) SQL
23 60 (15.71%) Jenkins
24 59 (15.45%) OO
25 58 (15.18%) HTML5
26 57 (14.92%) Microsoft Azure

BDD
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 26 (6.81%) Elasticsearch
2 22 (5.76%) Apache Spark
3 17 (4.45%) Confluence
4 12 (3.14%) Apache
4 12 (3.14%) CMS
5 9 (2.36%) NServiceBus
6 8 (2.09%) Cloud Foundry
6 8 (2.09%) JBoss
6 8 (2.09%) WebLogic
7 4 (1.05%) Gunicorn
7 4 (1.05%) IIS
8 3 (0.79%) Apache Airflow
8 3 (0.79%) Mule
8 3 (0.79%) Tomcat
9 2 (0.52%) Oracle SOA Suite
9 2 (0.52%) Sitecore CMS
10 1 (0.26%) Alfresco
10 1 (0.26%) Apache Solr
10 1 (0.26%) Content Management Server
10 1 (0.26%) WebSphere
Applications
1 2 (0.52%) Adobe Illustrator
1 2 (0.52%) InVision
2 1 (0.26%) Microsoft Excel
2 1 (0.26%) Microsoft Office
2 1 (0.26%) Microsoft PowerPoint
2 1 (0.26%) Microsoft Project
2 1 (0.26%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 1 (0.26%) Distributed Ledger
Cloud Services
1 71 (18.59%) Amazon AWS
2 57 (14.92%) Microsoft Azure
3 21 (5.50%) GitHub
4 17 (4.45%) Google Cloud Platform
4 17 (4.45%) Heroku
5 10 (2.62%) npm
5 10 (2.62%) PaaS
6 7 (1.83%) Cloud Computing
7 6 (1.57%) Amazon EC2
7 6 (1.57%) IBM Cloud
7 6 (1.57%) Serverless
8 4 (1.05%) AWS Lambda
8 4 (1.05%) SaaS
9 3 (0.79%) Apigee
9 3 (0.79%) Slack
10 2 (0.52%) AWS CloudFormation
10 2 (0.52%) Azure Active Directory
10 2 (0.52%) BrowserStack
10 2 (0.52%) OpenShift
10 2 (0.52%) Yarn
Communications & Networking
1 17 (4.45%) HTTP
2 10 (2.62%) DNS
2 10 (2.62%) FTP
2 10 (2.62%) SSL
2 10 (2.62%) TCP/IP
3 1 (0.26%) HTTPS
3 1 (0.26%) LAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 48 (12.57%) SQL Server
2 43 (11.26%) NoSQL
3 29 (7.59%) MongoDB
4 25 (6.54%) Relational Database
5 23 (6.02%) PostgreSQL
6 20 (5.24%) Apache Cassandra
7 15 (3.93%) Redis
8 14 (3.66%) Hadoop
8 14 (3.66%) Impala
9 9 (2.36%) Apache Hive
9 9 (2.36%) MySQL
10 8 (2.09%) HBase
11 7 (1.83%) Apache Kudu
12 6 (1.57%) CouchDB
13 5 (1.31%) Big Data
13 5 (1.31%) Couchbase
13 5 (1.31%) Data Lake
14 4 (1.05%) Amazon DynamoDB
14 4 (1.05%) Amazon Redshift
14 4 (1.05%) BigQuery
Development Applications
1 83 (21.73%) Git (software)
2 73 (19.11%) Selenium
3 64 (16.75%) Cucumber
4 60 (15.71%) Jenkins
5 47 (12.30%) Maven
6 42 (10.99%) JUnit
7 41 (10.73%) SpecFlow
8 37 (9.69%) JIRA
9 35 (9.16%) Mockito
10 24 (6.28%) WebDriver
11 20 (5.24%) Gradle
11 20 (5.24%) Team Foundation Server
12 19 (4.97%) JMeter
12 19 (4.97%) Visual Studio Team System
13 17 (4.45%) GitLab
14 15 (3.93%) Atlassian Bamboo
14 15 (3.93%) SonarQube
15 14 (3.66%) Appium
15 14 (3.66%) jMock
15 14 (3.66%) webpack
General
1 110 (28.80%) Finance
2 64 (16.75%) Banking
3 20 (5.24%) Investment Banking
4 19 (4.97%) Front Office
5 10 (2.62%) Law
6 8 (2.09%) Retail
7 7 (1.83%) Pharmaceutical
8 6 (1.57%) Advertising
8 6 (1.57%) Financial Institution
9 5 (1.31%) Marketing
10 4 (1.05%) Games
10 4 (1.05%) Retail Banking
10 4 (1.05%) Telecoms
11 1 (0.26%) Automotive
Job Titles
1 260 (68.06%) Developer
2 108 (28.27%) Java Developer
3 50 (13.09%) Senior Developer
4 29 (7.59%) React Developer
5 28 (7.33%) .NET Developer
6 25 (6.54%) Analyst
7 24 (6.28%) Full Stack Developer
8 23 (6.02%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
8 23 (6.02%) Lead Developer
9 21 (5.50%) C# Developer
9 21 (5.50%) JavaScript Developer
10 20 (5.24%) Senior Java Developer
11 19 (4.97%) Scala Developer
11 19 (4.97%) Test Engineer
12 18 (4.71%) Agile Developer
12 18 (4.71%) Agile Java Developer
13 16 (4.19%) QA Engineer
14 15 (3.93%) Tester
15 14 (3.66%) Automation Tester
16 13 (3.40%) Data Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 109 (28.53%) HTML
2 93 (24.35%) CSS
3 89 (23.30%) Spring
4 78 (20.42%) .NET
5 76 (19.90%) REST
6 71 (18.59%) AngularJS
7 62 (16.23%) RESTful
8 58 (15.18%) HTML5
9 53 (13.87%) React
10 50 (13.09%) Web Services
11 41 (10.73%) Spring Boot
12 40 (10.47%) Node.js
13 33 (8.64%) Sass
14 29 (7.59%) CSS3
14 29 (7.59%) Kafka
15 24 (6.28%) Hibernate
16 23 (6.02%) RabbitMQ
17 21 (5.50%) Redux
18 20 (5.24%) JSON
19 19 (4.97%) SOAP
Miscellaneous
1 53 (13.87%) Greenfield Project
2 36 (9.42%) Fintech
3 29 (7.59%) User Experience
4 18 (4.71%) Mobile App
5 15 (3.93%) Data Structures
6 14 (3.66%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
6 14 (3.66%) iPad
7 13 (3.40%) Self-Motivation
8 12 (3.14%) Analytical Skills
9 9 (2.36%) Equities
9 9 (2.36%) Fixed Income
10 8 (2.09%) Algorithms
10 8 (2.09%) Derivative
11 5 (1.31%) Tandem
12 4 (1.05%) Virtual Team
13 3 (0.79%) Equity Derivative
13 3 (0.79%) PKI
14 2 (0.52%) Credit Risk
14 2 (0.52%) Enterprise Software
14 2 (0.52%) Management Information System
Operating Systems
1 41 (10.73%) Linux
2 28 (7.33%) Unix
3 12 (3.14%) Apple iOS
4 7 (1.83%) Android
5 5 (1.31%) Windows
6 4 (1.05%) Mac OS X
7 3 (0.79%) VMS
8 1 (0.26%) Mac OS
8 1 (0.26%) tvOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 310 (81.15%) TDD
2 294 (76.96%) Agile Software Development
3 112 (29.32%) Scrum
4 109 (28.53%) Test Automation
5 82 (21.47%) Microservices
6 73 (19.11%) DevOps
7 68 (17.80%) Continuous Integration
8 65 (17.02%) Kanban
9 59 (15.45%) OO
10 54 (14.14%) Software Engineering
11 39 (10.21%) Pair Programming
12 35 (9.16%) Front End Development
12 35 (9.16%) Unit Testing
13 33 (8.64%) E-Commerce
14 31 (8.12%) SDLC
15 30 (7.85%) MVC
16 28 (7.33%) Continuous Delivery
17 27 (7.07%) Multithreading
18 25 (6.54%) Open Source
19 23 (6.02%) OOP
Programming Languages
1 149 (39.01%) Java
2 144 (37.70%) JavaScript
3 75 (19.63%) C#
4 61 (15.97%) SQL
5 54 (14.14%) Java 8
6 45 (11.78%) Python
7 37 (9.69%) TypeScript
8 29 (7.59%) ES6
9 26 (6.81%) Scala
10 18 (4.71%) Ruby
11 12 (3.14%) T-SQL
12 10 (2.62%) Groovy
12 10 (2.62%) PowerShell
13 9 (2.36%) PL/SQL
14 8 (2.09%) Kotlin
15 7 (1.83%) Bash Shell
16 2 (0.52%) Apple Swift
16 2 (0.52%) Clojure
16 2 (0.52%) R
16 2 (0.52%) Shell Script
Qualifications
1 25 (6.54%) Degree
2 13 (3.40%) Computer Science Degree
3 3 (0.79%) Master's Degree
4 1 (0.26%) AWS Certification
4 1 (0.26%) ISEB
4 1 (0.26%) ISTQB
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 57 (14.92%) QA
2 3 (0.79%) Disclosure Scotland
3 2 (0.52%) MiFID
4 1 (0.26%) Data Quality
System Software
1 88 (23.04%) Docker
2 8 (2.09%) HDFS
3 6 (1.57%) VMware Infrastructure
3 6 (1.57%) vSphere
4 2 (0.52%) Active Directory
5 1 (0.26%) Virtual Machines
Systems Management
1 30 (7.85%) Kubernetes
2 28 (7.33%) Ansible
3 11 (2.88%) Terraform
4 8 (2.09%) Docker Swarm
4 8 (2.09%) Mesos
5 7 (1.83%) Hadoop YARN
6 6 (1.57%) Consul
7 5 (1.31%) Kibana
7 5 (1.31%) logstash
8 4 (1.05%) Puppet
9 3 (0.79%) Opscode Chef
9 3 (0.79%) Single Sign-On
10 2 (0.52%) Marathon
11 1 (0.26%) Grafana
11 1 (0.26%) Oozie
Vendors
1 24 (6.28%) Oracle
2 19 (4.97%) Microsoft
3 14 (3.66%) Sybase
4 10 (2.62%) Atlassian
5 9 (2.36%) Google
6 7 (1.83%) Apple
6 7 (1.83%) Cloudera
6 7 (1.83%) Salesforce.com
7 6 (1.57%) Escenic
7 6 (1.57%) IBM
7 6 (1.57%) VMware
8 5 (1.31%) Perfecto Mobile
9 4 (1.05%) Cadence
10 3 (0.79%) Splunk
10 3 (0.79%) TIBCO
11 2 (0.52%) AppDynamics
11 2 (0.52%) Sitecore
12 1 (0.26%) DevExpress
12 1 (0.26%) MuleSoft
12 1 (0.26%) Workday