Period
to 20 October 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in Central London with a requirement for Test Automation skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Test Automation over the 6 months to 20 October 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Automated Testing
London > Central London
6 months to
20 Oct 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 35 26 31
Rank change year-on-year -9 +5 +5
Contract jobs citing Test Automation 419 612 481
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in Central London 5.55% 6.80% 5.95%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 6.14% 7.74% 6.64%
Number of daily rates quoted 319 486 379
Central London median daily rate £500 £500 £498
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +0.50% +6.70%
10th Percentile £358 £350 £333
90th Percentile £675 £625 £638
London median daily rate £500 £500 £500
Number of hourly rates quoted 1 1 0
Central London median hourly rate £48.50 £35.00 -
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +38.57% - -
London median hourly rate £48.50 £49.75 £26.00
% change year-on-year -2.51% +91.35% -44.09%

Test Automation is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in Central London with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
Central London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 6,824 7,904 7,246
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in Central London 90.34% 87.86% 89.64%
Number of daily rates quoted 5,331 6,142 5,602
Central London median daily rate £513 £500 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.50% - +5.26%
10th Percentile £325 £325 £319
90th Percentile £675 £675 £675
London median daily rate £513 £500 £500
% change year-on-year +2.50% - +8.11%
Number of hourly rates quoted 77 110 72
Central London median hourly rate £20.00 £18.70 £18.70
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +6.95% - -1.58%
10th Percentile £12.00 £13.00 £12.89
90th Percentile £50.09 £32.18 £34.07
London median hourly rate £23.07 £21.00 £22.56
% change year-on-year +9.83% -6.91% +6.26%

Test Automation
Job Vacancy Trend in Central London

Job postings citing Test Automation as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in Central London.

Job vacancy trend for Test Automation in Central London

Test Automation
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in Central London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Test Automation in Central London.

Contractor daily rate trend for Test Automation in Central London

Test Automation
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in Central London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Test Automation in Central London over the 6 months to 20 October 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Test Automation in Central London

Test Automation
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in Central London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Test Automation in Central London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Test Automation in Central London

Test Automation
Contract Job Locations in Central London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Test Automation within the Central London region over the 6 months to 20 October 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
City of London -12 299 £520 +4.00% 109
City of Westminster +6 26 £525 +1.20%
West End of London +5 15 £388 -22.50% 1
Test Automation
London

For the 6 months to 20 October 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Test Automation also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the Central London region with a requirement for Test Automation.

1 243 (58.00%) Agile Software Development
2 185 (44.15%) Java
3 119 (28.40%) C#
4 113 (26.97%) TDD
4 113 (26.97%) DevOps
5 110 (26.25%) JavaScript
6 99 (23.63%) Selenium
7 95 (22.67%) SQL
8 94 (22.43%) Finance
9 92 (21.96%) Continuous Integration
10 87 (20.76%) Scrum
11 85 (20.29%) Microservices
12 80 (19.09%) Azure
13 77 (18.38%) AWS
14 76 (18.14%) QA
15 75 (17.90%) Python
16 73 (17.42%) Cucumber
16 73 (17.42%) BDD
17 66 (15.75%) RESTful
18 62 (14.80%) Unit Testing
19 60 (14.32%) Git (software)
19 60 (14.32%) SQL Server
20 56 (13.37%) Web Services
21 55 (13.13%) CSS
21 55 (13.13%) .NET
22 54 (12.89%) HTML
23 53 (12.65%) Linux
23 53 (12.65%) Jenkins
24 51 (12.17%) JIRA
25 49 (11.69%) AngularJS

Test Automation
Co-occurring IT Skills in Central London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 33 (7.88%) Confluence
2 18 (4.30%) Elasticsearch
3 11 (2.63%) Apache
4 8 (1.91%) Apache Spark
5 6 (1.43%) nginx
6 3 (0.72%) Anypoint
6 3 (0.72%) IIS
6 3 (0.72%) SharePoint
7 2 (0.48%) Apache Airflow
7 2 (0.48%) Cloud Foundry
7 2 (0.48%) CMS
7 2 (0.48%) JBoss
7 2 (0.48%) Jetty
7 2 (0.48%) Luigi
7 2 (0.48%) Mule
7 2 (0.48%) Oracle Self-Service HR
7 2 (0.48%) Oracle Workflow
7 2 (0.48%) Tomcat
7 2 (0.48%) WebLogic
7 2 (0.48%) WordPress
Applications
1 9 (2.15%) Microsoft Excel
2 2 (0.48%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 1 (0.24%) Microsoft Office
3 1 (0.24%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 3 (0.72%) Dynamics CRM
2 1 (0.24%) Markit EDM
2 1 (0.24%) MoSes
2 1 (0.24%) Oracle EBS
2 1 (0.24%) Oracle Payables
2 1 (0.24%) Oracle Receivables
2 1 (0.24%) SAP ERP
Cloud Services
1 80 (19.09%) Azure
2 77 (18.38%) AWS
3 21 (5.01%) GitHub
3 21 (5.01%) Power Platform
4 14 (3.34%) Cloud Computing
4 14 (3.34%) GCP
5 13 (3.10%) Azure Data Factory
5 13 (3.10%) Serverless
6 9 (2.15%) AWS Lambda
6 9 (2.15%) Azure Functions
7 7 (1.67%) AWS CloudFormation
8 6 (1.43%) PaaS
8 6 (1.43%) Trello
9 5 (1.19%) Data Lake Analytics
9 5 (1.19%) Dynamics 365
10 4 (0.95%) CloudFront
10 4 (0.95%) Google Sheets
10 4 (0.95%) Microsoft Flow
10 4 (0.95%) PowerApps
10 4 (0.95%) SaaS
Communications & Networking
1 12 (2.86%) HTTP
2 8 (1.91%) DNS
3 6 (1.43%) DHCP
3 6 (1.43%) FTP
3 6 (1.43%) IPsec
3 6 (1.43%) SSL
3 6 (1.43%) TCP/IP
4 5 (1.19%) Multicast
5 3 (0.72%) Firewall
5 3 (0.72%) Internet
6 2 (0.48%) SSH
7 1 (0.24%) AMQP
7 1 (0.24%) DSL
7 1 (0.24%) Network Security
7 1 (0.24%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 60 (14.32%) SQL Server
2 41 (9.79%) MongoDB
3 37 (8.83%) Relational Database
4 30 (7.16%) MySQL
5 22 (5.25%) NoSQL
6 17 (4.06%) Power BI
7 14 (3.34%) PostgreSQL
8 13 (3.10%) SQL Server Analysis Services
9 11 (2.63%) Big Data
10 10 (2.39%) Data Warehouse
11 9 (2.15%) Data Lake
11 9 (2.15%) Redis
11 9 (2.15%) SQL Server 2014
11 9 (2.15%) SQL Server Integration Services
12 8 (1.91%) Azure SQL Database
12 8 (1.91%) RDBMS
13 7 (1.67%) Hadoop
13 7 (1.67%) Microsoft Analysis Services
14 6 (1.43%) Apache Cassandra
14 6 (1.43%) SQL Server 2017
Development Applications
1 99 (23.63%) Selenium
2 73 (17.42%) Cucumber
3 60 (14.32%) Git (software)
4 53 (12.65%) Jenkins
5 51 (12.17%) JIRA
6 27 (6.44%) SpecFlow
7 25 (5.97%) TeamCity
8 23 (5.49%) JMeter
9 19 (4.53%) WebDriver
10 17 (4.06%) Visual Studio Team System
11 16 (3.82%) JUnit
11 16 (3.82%) Team Foundation Server
12 14 (3.34%) Atlassian Bamboo
13 11 (2.63%) Moq
14 10 (2.39%) MSTest
14 10 (2.39%) Octopus Deploy
14 10 (2.39%) Visual Studio
15 9 (2.15%) Mockito
15 9 (2.15%) Subversion
16 8 (1.91%) Bitbucket
General
1 94 (22.43%) Finance
2 42 (10.02%) Banking
3 17 (4.06%) Law
4 16 (3.82%) Front Office
5 12 (2.86%) Marketing
5 12 (2.86%) Public Sector
6 10 (2.39%) Legal
7 9 (2.15%) Back Office
7 9 (2.15%) Investment Banking
8 8 (1.91%) Retail
9 5 (1.19%) Advertising
10 4 (0.95%) Telecoms
11 3 (0.72%) Electronics
11 3 (0.72%) Manufacturing
12 2 (0.48%) Publishing
13 1 (0.24%) Games
13 1 (0.24%) Military
13 1 (0.24%) Police
13 1 (0.24%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 184 (43.91%) Developer
2 42 (10.02%) Tester
3 40 (9.55%) Java Developer
4 34 (8.11%) DevOps Engineer
5 32 (7.64%) Analyst
6 31 (7.40%) Test Engineer
7 30 (7.16%) C# Developer
7 30 (7.16%) Senior Developer
8 25 (5.97%) Automation Tester
8 25 (5.97%) Test Automation Engineer
9 24 (5.73%) Software Developer
10 19 (4.53%) Test Analyst
11 18 (4.30%) Python Developer
12 17 (4.06%) .NET Developer
12 17 (4.06%) QA Engineer
13 16 (3.82%) Developer in Test
14 15 (3.58%) React Developer
15 14 (3.34%) Full Stack Developer
15 14 (3.34%) Test Leader
16 13 (3.10%) JavaScript Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 66 (15.75%) RESTful
2 56 (13.37%) Web Services
3 55 (13.13%) .NET
3 55 (13.13%) CSS
4 54 (12.89%) HTML
5 49 (11.69%) AngularJS
5 49 (11.69%) React
6 30 (7.16%) HTML5
7 29 (6.92%) Spring
8 28 (6.68%) REST
9 27 (6.44%) Node.js
10 21 (5.01%) Kafka
11 18 (4.30%) Redux
11 18 (4.30%) SOAP
12 15 (3.58%) Gherkin
13 14 (3.34%) jQuery
13 14 (3.34%) WCF
14 13 (3.10%) .NET Core
14 13 (3.10%) JSON
15 12 (2.86%) ActiveMQ
Miscellaneous
1 26 (6.21%) Greenfield Project
1 26 (6.21%) User Experience
2 16 (3.82%) Equities
3 15 (3.58%) Data Structures
4 14 (3.34%) Derivative
5 12 (2.86%) Algorithms
6 11 (2.63%) Hedge funds
6 11 (2.63%) Mobile App
7 10 (2.39%) Analytical Skills
8 9 (2.15%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
9 5 (1.19%) Cloud Native
9 5 (1.19%) Management Information System
10 4 (0.95%) Fixed Income
10 4 (0.95%) Linux Command Line
10 4 (0.95%) Social Media
10 4 (0.95%) W3C
11 3 (0.72%) Video on Demand
12 2 (0.48%) Blog
12 2 (0.48%) Enterprise Software
12 2 (0.48%) Spread Betting
Operating Systems
1 53 (12.65%) Linux
2 30 (7.16%) Unix
3 19 (4.53%) Windows
4 18 (4.30%) Mac OS X
5 12 (2.86%) Android
6 8 (1.91%) Apple iOS
7 6 (1.43%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 4 (0.95%) CentOS
8 4 (0.95%) Ubuntu
9 2 (0.48%) Debian
9 2 (0.48%) Mac OS
9 2 (0.48%) Windows 10
10 1 (0.24%) Windows Server
Processes & Methodologies
1 243 (58.00%) Agile Software Development
2 113 (26.97%) DevOps
2 113 (26.97%) TDD
3 92 (21.96%) Continuous Integration
4 87 (20.76%) Scrum
5 85 (20.29%) Microservices
6 73 (17.42%) BDD
7 62 (14.80%) Unit Testing
8 46 (10.98%) Continuous Delivery
8 46 (10.98%) OO
9 42 (10.02%) Kanban
10 36 (8.59%) Problem-Solving
11 34 (8.11%) Regression Testing
12 32 (7.64%) Continuous Improvement
12 32 (7.64%) OOP
13 31 (7.40%) Continuous Deployment
13 31 (7.40%) Deployment Automation
13 31 (7.40%) SDLC
13 31 (7.40%) Software Engineering
14 29 (6.92%) Web Development
Programming Languages
1 185 (44.15%) Java
2 119 (28.40%) C#
3 110 (26.25%) JavaScript
4 95 (22.67%) SQL
5 75 (17.90%) Python
6 33 (7.88%) TypeScript
7 32 (7.64%) Ruby
8 18 (4.30%) Java 8
9 17 (4.06%) PHP
10 15 (3.58%) Scala
11 13 (3.10%) PowerShell
11 13 (3.10%) T-SQL
12 12 (2.86%) C++
12 12 (2.86%) Groovy
13 10 (2.39%) Go
13 10 (2.39%) PL/SQL
14 9 (2.15%) Bash Shell
14 9 (2.15%) Perl
15 8 (1.91%) Kotlin
15 8 (1.91%) Shell Script
Qualifications
1 22 (5.25%) Degree
2 20 (4.77%) Security Cleared
3 16 (3.82%) ISTQB
4 13 (3.10%) SC Cleared
5 9 (2.15%) ISEB
6 7 (1.67%) DV Cleared
7 6 (1.43%) BPSS Clearance
8 5 (1.19%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
9 3 (0.72%) Computer Science Degree
10 2 (0.48%) CHECK Team Member
10 2 (0.48%) Master's Degree
11 1 (0.24%) DBS Check
11 1 (0.24%) GPEN
11 1 (0.24%) GWAPT
11 1 (0.24%) GXPN
11 1 (0.24%) ISEB Practitioner
11 1 (0.24%) Numerate Degree
11 1 (0.24%) OSCE
11 1 (0.24%) OSCP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 76 (18.14%) QA
2 6 (1.43%) WCAG
3 4 (0.95%) GDPR
4 2 (0.48%) Data Quality
5 1 (0.24%) EMIR
5 1 (0.24%) MiFID
5 1 (0.24%) PCI DSS
System Software
1 48 (11.46%) Docker
2 11 (2.63%) Virtual Machines
3 4 (0.95%) Active Directory
4 1 (0.24%) Hyper-V
4 1 (0.24%) Varnish
4 1 (0.24%) XenApp
Systems Management
1 31 (7.40%) Kubernetes
2 24 (5.73%) Ansible
2 24 (5.73%) Terraform
3 16 (3.82%) Puppet
4 6 (1.43%) Opscode Chef
5 4 (0.95%) Hadoop YARN
5 4 (0.95%) HP Quality Center
6 3 (0.72%) Packer
6 3 (0.72%) Salt
7 2 (0.48%) Grafana
8 1 (0.24%) Consul
8 1 (0.24%) Host Intrusion Detection System
8 1 (0.24%) Microsoft Clustering
8 1 (0.24%) Network Intrusion Detection System
Vendors
1 33 (7.88%) Microsoft
2 13 (3.10%) Google
2 13 (3.10%) Oracle
3 11 (2.63%) Cypress Semiconductor
3 11 (2.63%) Salesforce.com
4 8 (1.91%) Tableau
5 7 (1.67%) Atlassian
5 7 (1.67%) New Relic
6 6 (1.43%) Databricks
7 5 (1.19%) HP
7 5 (1.19%) SAP
7 5 (1.19%) Solace
8 4 (0.95%) Alteryx
8 4 (0.95%) Bloomberg
8 4 (0.95%) MuleSoft
8 4 (0.95%) Salesforce Marketing Cloud
8 4 (0.95%) ServiceNow
8 4 (0.95%) Sybase
9 3 (0.72%) Demandware
9 3 (0.72%) Elastic Path