Period
to 19 February 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in Central London with a requirement for Test Automation skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Test Automation over the 6 months to 19 February 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Automated Testing
London > Central London
6 months to
19 Feb 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 24 34 33
Rank change year-on-year +10 -1 +4
Contract jobs citing Test Automation 653 506 413
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in Central London 7.29% 5.69% 5.69%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 8.20% 6.41% 6.47%
Number of daily rates quoted 488 387 323
Central London median daily rate £500 £500 £500
10th Percentile £371 £350 £321
90th Percentile £633 £600 £618
London median daily rate £500 £500 £465
% change year-on-year - +7.53% +3.33%
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 2 0
Central London median hourly rate - £65.00 -
London median hourly rate £35.00 £29.55 £46.50
% change year-on-year +18.46% -36.46% -7.00%

Test Automation is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in Central London with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
Central London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 7,961 7,892 6,381
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in Central London 88.85% 88.70% 87.94%
Number of daily rates quoted 6,075 6,161 4,983
Central London median daily rate £513 £500 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.50% +5.26% +2.70%
10th Percentile £325 £325 £313
90th Percentile £675 £675 £656
London median daily rate £513 £500 £475
% change year-on-year +2.50% +5.26% +5.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 74 89 55
Central London median hourly rate £21.07 £20.50 £19.92
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +2.79% +2.91% -5.14%
10th Percentile £13.00 £11.81 £13.20
90th Percentile £37.09 £48.30 £55.00
London median hourly rate £25.50 £22.75 £25.00
% change year-on-year +12.09% -9.00% +25.06%

Test Automation
Job Vacancy Trend in Central London

Job postings citing Test Automation as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in Central London.

Job vacancy trend for Test Automation in Central London

Test Automation
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in Central London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Test Automation in Central London.

Contractor daily rate trend for Test Automation in Central London

Test Automation
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in Central London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Test Automation in Central London over the 6 months to 19 February 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Test Automation in Central London

Test Automation
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in Central London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Test Automation in Central London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Test Automation in Central London

Test Automation
Contract Job Locations in Central London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Test Automation within the Central London region over the 6 months to 19 February 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
City of London +17 447 £500 - 146
West End of London -19 45 £500 +8.70% 1
City of Westminster -1 31 £550 +28.65% 2
Southwark -22 16 £500 - 1
Camden +1 6 £475 +13.98%
Test Automation
London

For the 6 months to 19 February 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Test Automation also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the Central London region with a requirement for Test Automation.

1 416 (63.71%) Agile Software Development
2 249 (38.13%) Java
3 232 (35.53%) Selenium
4 181 (27.72%) BDD
5 177 (27.11%) JavaScript
6 169 (25.88%) TDD
7 161 (24.66%) Finance
8 154 (23.58%) QA
9 141 (21.59%) C#
10 132 (20.21%) Git (software)
11 131 (20.06%) Cucumber
12 129 (19.75%) SQL
13 128 (19.60%) HTML
14 125 (19.14%) Scrum
15 118 (18.07%) Continuous Integration
16 112 (17.15%) Microservices
17 109 (16.69%) Amazon AWS
18 108 (16.54%) .NET
19 106 (16.23%) Jenkins
20 103 (15.77%) REST
21 102 (15.62%) DevOps
22 96 (14.70%) Python
23 91 (13.94%) JIRA
24 87 (13.32%) CSS
25 77 (11.79%) SDET
26 75 (11.49%) Docker
26 75 (11.49%) Banking
27 72 (11.03%) Microsoft Azure
27 72 (11.03%) Problem-Solving
28 70 (10.72%) WebDriver

Test Automation
Co-occurring IT Skills in Central London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 48 (7.35%) Confluence
2 13 (1.99%) Elasticsearch
2 13 (1.99%) WildFly
3 12 (1.84%) Gunicorn
4 11 (1.68%) Apache Spark
5 9 (1.38%) CMS
6 8 (1.23%) Apache
7 5 (0.77%) Drupal
7 5 (0.77%) Mule
8 4 (0.61%) Adobe Experience Manager
8 4 (0.61%) Anypoint
8 4 (0.61%) Mule ESB
8 4 (0.61%) SharePoint
8 4 (0.61%) WebSphere
9 3 (0.46%) nginx
9 3 (0.46%) Tomcat
10 2 (0.31%) Apache Solr
10 2 (0.31%) JBoss
10 2 (0.31%) OpenStack
10 2 (0.31%) WordPress
Applications
1 4 (0.61%) Microsoft Office
2 3 (0.46%) Microsoft Excel
2 3 (0.46%) Microsoft PowerPoint
2 3 (0.46%) MS Visio
3 2 (0.31%) Microsoft Project
Business Applications
1 11 (1.68%) Dynamics CRM
2 3 (0.46%) Distributed Ledger
2 3 (0.46%) Oracle Financials
3 1 (0.15%) Markit EDM
3 1 (0.15%) Oracle Retail
3 1 (0.15%) SAP Hybris
3 1 (0.15%) SAP S/4HANA
Cloud Services
1 109 (16.69%) Amazon AWS
2 72 (11.03%) Microsoft Azure
3 36 (5.51%) GitHub
4 22 (3.37%) Serverless
5 16 (2.45%) AWS Lambda
6 15 (2.30%) Heroku
7 12 (1.84%) BrowserStack
8 10 (1.53%) Amazon EC2
8 10 (1.53%) Google Cloud Platform
9 9 (1.38%) Amazon S3
9 9 (1.38%) Cloud Computing
10 8 (1.23%) Amazon CloudWatch
10 8 (1.23%) Amazon ELB
10 8 (1.23%) Amazon Kinesis
10 8 (1.23%) Amazon SQS
10 8 (1.23%) AWS CloudTrail
10 8 (1.23%) CloudFront
10 8 (1.23%) SaaS
10 8 (1.23%) Virtual Private Cloud
11 7 (1.07%) PaaS
Communications & Networking
1 35 (5.36%) HTTP
2 7 (1.07%) TCP/IP
3 6 (0.92%) Internet
4 3 (0.46%) DMARC
4 3 (0.46%) Firewall
4 3 (0.46%) Junos
4 3 (0.46%) SSL
5 2 (0.31%) DHCP
5 2 (0.31%) DNS
5 2 (0.31%) FTP
5 2 (0.31%) IPsec
6 1 (0.15%) AMQP
6 1 (0.15%) HTTPS
6 1 (0.15%) Skype
6 1 (0.15%) VPN
6 1 (0.15%) Wireshark
Database & Business Intelligence
1 49 (7.50%) Relational Database
2 41 (6.28%) SQL Server
3 37 (5.67%) MongoDB
4 34 (5.21%) NoSQL
5 26 (3.98%) MySQL
6 21 (3.22%) RDBMS
7 16 (2.45%) Neo4j
7 16 (2.45%) Redis
8 10 (1.53%) Data Warehouse
9 9 (1.38%) Big Data
10 8 (1.23%) Amazon RDS
10 8 (1.23%) Blockchain
10 8 (1.23%) PostgreSQL
11 7 (1.07%) DB2
12 5 (0.77%) Apache Cassandra
12 5 (0.77%) Hadoop
13 4 (0.61%) Azure SQL Database
13 4 (0.61%) Data Lake
13 4 (0.61%) Data Mining
13 4 (0.61%) KDB
Development Applications
1 232 (35.53%) Selenium
2 132 (20.21%) Git (software)
3 131 (20.06%) Cucumber
4 106 (16.23%) Jenkins
5 91 (13.94%) JIRA
6 70 (10.72%) WebDriver
7 66 (10.11%) Maven
7 66 (10.11%) SpecFlow
8 39 (5.97%) Visual Studio Team System
9 37 (5.67%) Mockito
10 36 (5.51%) JUnit
11 30 (4.59%) Visual Studio
12 28 (4.29%) JMeter
13 26 (3.98%) Appium
13 26 (3.98%) Gatling
13 26 (3.98%) Team Foundation Server
14 25 (3.83%) Subversion
15 23 (3.52%) SoapUI
16 21 (3.22%) Robot Framework
17 19 (2.91%) webpack
General
1 161 (24.66%) Finance
2 75 (11.49%) Banking
3 22 (3.37%) Front Office
4 17 (2.60%) Retail
5 16 (2.45%) Investment Banking
6 9 (1.38%) Marketing
7 8 (1.23%) Law
8 5 (0.77%) Back Office
8 5 (0.77%) Financial Institution
8 5 (0.77%) International Banking
9 4 (0.61%) Publishing
9 4 (0.61%) Retail Banking
10 3 (0.46%) Games
10 3 (0.46%) Legal
11 1 (0.15%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 267 (40.89%) Developer
2 93 (14.24%) Tester
3 81 (12.40%) Java Developer
4 63 (9.65%) Analyst
5 61 (9.34%) Automation Tester
6 60 (9.19%) Test Engineer
7 55 (8.42%) Senior Developer
8 51 (7.81%) Test Analyst
9 41 (6.28%) C# Developer
10 34 (5.21%) Developer in Test
11 30 (4.59%) DevOps Engineer
11 30 (4.59%) QA Engineer
11 30 (4.59%) React Developer
11 30 (4.59%) Test Automation Engineer
12 28 (4.29%) Full Stack Developer
13 27 (4.13%) .NET Developer
14 24 (3.68%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
15 23 (3.52%) QA Tester
16 22 (3.37%) AWS Developer
17 21 (3.22%) Automation Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 128 (19.60%) HTML
2 108 (16.54%) .NET
3 103 (15.77%) REST
4 87 (13.32%) CSS
5 61 (9.34%) RESTful
6 60 (9.19%) AngularJS
6 60 (9.19%) Web Services
7 46 (7.04%) JSON
7 46 (7.04%) Node.js
8 43 (6.58%) React
9 37 (5.67%) XML
10 36 (5.51%) Spring
11 30 (4.59%) JAX-RS
11 30 (4.59%) JMS
12 29 (4.44%) Redux
13 27 (4.13%) Enzyme
13 27 (4.13%) Hibernate
14 26 (3.98%) HTML5
15 25 (3.83%) Gherkin
16 24 (3.68%) .NET Framework
Miscellaneous
1 44 (6.74%) Analytical Skills
2 40 (6.13%) Mobile App
3 35 (5.36%) Greenfield Project
4 32 (4.90%) User Experience
5 27 (4.13%) Data Structures
6 26 (3.98%) Self-Motivation
7 25 (3.83%) Algorithms
8 22 (3.37%) Linux Command Line
9 19 (2.91%) Fintech
9 19 (2.91%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
10 16 (2.45%) Derivative
11 10 (1.53%) Fixed Income
12 9 (1.38%) Hedge funds
13 7 (1.07%) NHS
14 6 (0.92%) N-Tier
15 5 (0.77%) Equities
15 5 (0.77%) Equity Derivative
15 5 (0.77%) Public Cloud
16 4 (0.61%) Cloud Native
17 3 (0.46%) Smart City
Operating Systems
1 69 (10.57%) Linux
2 63 (9.65%) Unix
3 23 (3.52%) Android
3 23 (3.52%) Apple iOS
4 21 (3.22%) Mac OS X
5 14 (2.14%) Windows
6 13 (1.99%) VMS
7 4 (0.61%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 1 (0.15%) CentOS
8 1 (0.15%) Mac OS
8 1 (0.15%) Ubuntu
8 1 (0.15%) Windows 7
8 1 (0.15%) Windows Server
8 1 (0.15%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 416 (63.71%) Agile Software Development
2 181 (27.72%) BDD
3 169 (25.88%) TDD
4 125 (19.14%) Scrum
5 118 (18.07%) Continuous Integration
6 112 (17.15%) Microservices
7 102 (15.62%) DevOps
8 77 (11.79%) SDET
9 72 (11.03%) Problem-Solving
10 68 (10.41%) OO
11 61 (9.34%) Test Scripting
12 58 (8.88%) SDLC
13 51 (7.81%) Continuous Deployment
14 50 (7.66%) Software Engineering
15 48 (7.35%) Regression Testing
15 48 (7.35%) Unit Testing
16 45 (6.89%) Open Source
17 43 (6.58%) Front End Development
18 41 (6.28%) Acceptance Criteria
19 39 (5.97%) Manual Testing
Programming Languages
1 249 (38.13%) Java
2 177 (27.11%) JavaScript
3 141 (21.59%) C#
4 129 (19.75%) SQL
5 96 (14.70%) Python
6 42 (6.43%) Ruby
7 37 (5.67%) ES6
8 30 (4.59%) Java 8
9 21 (3.22%) TypeScript
10 20 (3.06%) PowerShell
11 19 (2.91%) Bash Shell
12 18 (2.76%) C++
13 15 (2.30%) Groovy
13 15 (2.30%) PHP
14 14 (2.14%) Scala
15 13 (1.99%) JPQL
16 11 (1.68%) Perl
16 11 (1.68%) T-SQL
17 10 (1.53%) PL/SQL
18 9 (1.38%) Go
Qualifications
1 31 (4.75%) Degree
2 30 (4.59%) Security Cleared
3 29 (4.44%) ISTQB
4 28 (4.29%) ISEB
5 14 (2.14%) SC Cleared
6 13 (1.99%) DV Cleared
7 5 (0.77%) ACCA
7 5 (0.77%) Computer Science Degree
8 4 (0.61%) BPSS Clearance
8 4 (0.61%) DBS Check
9 2 (0.31%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
9 2 (0.31%) Master's Degree
10 1 (0.15%) CHECK Team Member
10 1 (0.15%) CTC Cleared
10 1 (0.15%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
10 1 (0.15%) Numerate Degree
10 1 (0.15%) RHCE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 154 (23.58%) QA
2 6 (0.92%) GDPR
3 2 (0.31%) Data Quality
3 2 (0.31%) MiFID
3 2 (0.31%) PMO
4 1 (0.15%) Basel III
System Software
1 75 (11.49%) Docker
2 5 (0.77%) Virtual Machines
3 3 (0.46%) Active Directory
3 3 (0.46%) VirtualBox
4 1 (0.15%) Apache Flume
4 1 (0.15%) Firmware
4 1 (0.15%) HDFS
4 1 (0.15%) VMware ESXi
4 1 (0.15%) VMware Infrastructure
Systems Management
1 39 (5.97%) Kubernetes
2 30 (4.59%) Ansible
3 18 (2.76%) Terraform
4 14 (2.14%) Opscode Chef
5 13 (1.99%) Puppet
6 7 (1.07%) HP ALM
6 7 (1.07%) Kibana
7 6 (0.92%) HP Quality Center
7 6 (0.92%) logstash
8 4 (0.61%) CloudHub
9 3 (0.46%) Grafana
10 2 (0.31%) Packer
10 2 (0.31%) Prometheus
10 2 (0.31%) rkt
10 2 (0.31%) Salt
10 2 (0.31%) Single Sign-On
11 1 (0.15%) Mesos
11 1 (0.15%) Oozie
11 1 (0.15%) Rundeck
Vendors
1 35 (5.36%) Microsoft
2 31 (4.75%) Oracle
3 19 (2.91%) HP
4 13 (1.99%) Google
5 11 (1.68%) Splunk
6 9 (1.38%) Cypress Semiconductor
6 9 (1.38%) Salesforce.com
7 8 (1.23%) Atlassian
7 8 (1.23%) Cadence
7 8 (1.23%) Red Hat
7 8 (1.23%) TIBCO
8 6 (0.92%) Perfecto Mobile
8 6 (0.92%) Twitter
9 5 (0.77%) Adobe
9 5 (0.77%) IBM
9 5 (0.77%) Marketo
9 5 (0.77%) MuleSoft
9 5 (0.77%) Pardot
9 5 (0.77%) UiPath
10 4 (0.61%) hybris