Period
to 22 January 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in Central London with a requirement for Test Automation skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Test Automation over the 6 months to 22 January 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Automated Testing
London > Central London
6 months to
22 Jan 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 38 24 34
Rank change year-on-year -14 +10 +2
Contract jobs citing Test Automation 334 668 487
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in Central London 5.30% 7.47% 5.60%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 6.01% 8.40% 6.29%
Number of daily rates quoted 247 499 378
Central London median daily rate £503 £500 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +0.50% - +2.56%
10th Percentile £363 £363 £350
90th Percentile £675 £625 £604
London median daily rate £500 £500 £500
Number of hourly rates quoted 3 0 1
Central London median hourly rate £48.50 - £65.00
10th Percentile £43.95 - £62.50
90th Percentile £52.25 - £67.50
London median hourly rate £48.50 £35.00 £24.09
% change year-on-year +38.57% +45.29% -48.19%

Test Automation is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in Central London with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
Central London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 5,562 7,948 7,744
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in Central London 88.34% 88.93% 89.07%
Number of daily rates quoted 4,198 6,069 6,064
Central London median daily rate £505 £513 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -1.51% +2.50% +5.26%
10th Percentile £313 £314 £325
90th Percentile £675 £675 £675
London median daily rate £513 £513 £500
% change year-on-year - +2.50% +5.26%
Number of hourly rates quoted 72 82 79
Central London median hourly rate £21.00 £20.00 £20.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +5.00% -2.44% +7.89%
10th Percentile £12.88 £13.03 £12.76
90th Percentile £52.15 £36.88 £37.70
London median hourly rate £25.00 £24.23 £22.02
% change year-on-year +3.18% +10.06% -4.98%

Test Automation
Job Vacancy Trend in Central London

Job postings citing Test Automation as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in Central London.

Job vacancy trend for Test Automation in Central London

Test Automation
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in Central London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Test Automation in Central London.

Contractor daily rate trend for Test Automation in Central London

Test Automation
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in Central London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Test Automation in Central London over the 6 months to 22 January 2020.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Test Automation in Central London

Test Automation
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in Central London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Test Automation in Central London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Test Automation in Central London

Test Automation
Contract Job Locations in Central London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Test Automation within the Central London region over the 6 months to 22 January 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
City of London -17 251 £513 +2.50% 107
West End of London +6 11 £405 -19.00%
City of Westminster -9 11 £440 -15.18%
Southwark +21 2 £500 -
Camden +4 2 - -
Test Automation
London

For the 6 months to 22 January 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Test Automation also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the Central London region with a requirement for Test Automation.

1 206 (61.68%) Agile Software Development
2 124 (37.13%) Java
3 113 (33.83%) Finance
4 99 (29.64%) JavaScript
4 99 (29.64%) C#
5 83 (24.85%) DevOps
6 82 (24.55%) SQL
7 76 (22.75%) TDD
8 72 (21.56%) Azure
9 66 (19.76%) Continuous Integration
10 61 (18.26%) Scrum
10 61 (18.26%) CSS
11 60 (17.96%) Selenium
12 58 (17.37%) AWS
13 56 (16.77%) .NET
14 54 (16.17%) OO
15 50 (14.97%) QA
15 50 (14.97%) React
15 50 (14.97%) Problem-Solving
16 48 (14.37%) Microservices
16 48 (14.37%) Unit Testing
16 48 (14.37%) HTML
17 46 (13.77%) RESTful
18 45 (13.47%) Web Services
19 44 (13.17%) SQL Server
20 42 (12.57%) Python
21 40 (11.98%) BDD
22 39 (11.68%) Computer Science
23 37 (11.08%) Cucumber
24 36 (10.78%) Git (software)

Test Automation
Co-occurring IT Skills in Central London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 22 (6.59%) Confluence
2 8 (2.40%) Elasticsearch
3 5 (1.50%) Apache Spark
4 4 (1.20%) CMS
4 4 (1.20%) nginx
4 4 (1.20%) SharePoint
5 3 (0.90%) Anypoint
6 2 (0.60%) Apache
6 2 (0.60%) Apache Airflow
6 2 (0.60%) IIS
6 2 (0.60%) Luigi
6 2 (0.60%) OpenStack
7 1 (0.30%) Camunda
7 1 (0.30%) JBoss
7 1 (0.30%) Mule
7 1 (0.30%) NServiceBus
7 1 (0.30%) Oracle SOA Suite
7 1 (0.30%) Oracle Workflow
7 1 (0.30%) SAS
7 1 (0.30%) Tomcat
Applications
1 2 (0.60%) Microsoft Excel
2 1 (0.30%) Microsoft PowerPoint
2 1 (0.30%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 3 (0.90%) Dynamics CRM
2 2 (0.60%) Maximo
3 1 (0.30%) FastStats
3 1 (0.30%) MoSes
3 1 (0.30%) NetSuite
3 1 (0.30%) SAP ERP
Cloud Services
1 72 (21.56%) Azure
2 58 (17.37%) AWS
3 22 (6.59%) GCP
4 14 (4.19%) Cloud Computing
5 11 (3.29%) Heroku
6 10 (2.99%) Power Platform
7 9 (2.69%) Azure Data Factory
7 9 (2.69%) GitHub
8 7 (2.10%) Serverless
9 6 (1.80%) Data Lake Analytics
10 5 (1.50%) Azure Active Directory
11 4 (1.20%) AWS CloudFormation
11 4 (1.20%) Trello
12 3 (0.90%) AWS CodePipeline
12 3 (0.90%) AWS Lambda
12 3 (0.90%) Azure Functions
12 3 (0.90%) npm
12 3 (0.90%) OpenShift
12 3 (0.90%) PaaS
13 2 (0.60%) Amazon EC2
Communications & Networking
1 7 (2.10%) Multicast
2 3 (0.90%) HTTP
2 3 (0.90%) Kerberos
2 3 (0.90%) TCP/IP
3 2 (0.60%) Firewall
3 2 (0.60%) Wi-Fi
3 2 (0.60%) Wireshark
4 1 (0.30%) 2G
4 1 (0.30%) 3G
4 1 (0.30%) 3GPP
4 1 (0.30%) BGP
4 1 (0.30%) Ethernet
4 1 (0.30%) GSM
4 1 (0.30%) HTTPS
4 1 (0.30%) Internet
4 1 (0.30%) MPLS
4 1 (0.30%) OSPF
4 1 (0.30%) SSH
4 1 (0.30%) UMTS
4 1 (0.30%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 44 (13.17%) SQL Server
2 25 (7.49%) NoSQL
3 18 (5.39%) MongoDB
4 16 (4.79%) Relational Database
5 13 (3.89%) Azure SQL Database
5 13 (3.89%) MySQL
6 10 (2.99%) Power BI
7 9 (2.69%) PostgreSQL
7 9 (2.69%) Redis
8 8 (2.40%) Data Warehouse
8 8 (2.40%) SQL Server Integration Services
9 6 (1.80%) Data Lake
9 6 (1.80%) SQL Server Analysis Services
10 5 (1.50%) Big Data
10 5 (1.50%) Oracle Database
11 4 (1.20%) SQL Server 2008
11 4 (1.20%) SQL Server Reporting Services
12 3 (0.90%) Cosmos DB
13 2 (0.60%) Amazon Redshift
13 2 (0.60%) BigQuery
Development Applications
1 60 (17.96%) Selenium
2 37 (11.08%) Cucumber
3 36 (10.78%) Git (software)
4 33 (9.88%) JIRA
5 28 (8.38%) Jenkins
6 23 (6.89%) SpecFlow
7 18 (5.39%) JUnit
8 16 (4.79%) JMeter
8 16 (4.79%) TeamCity
9 14 (4.19%) Team Foundation Server
10 13 (3.89%) webpack
11 12 (3.59%) WebDriver
12 11 (3.29%) Visual Studio
13 9 (2.69%) Octopus Deploy
13 9 (2.69%) Postman
14 8 (2.40%) Atlassian Bamboo
14 8 (2.40%) Moq
14 8 (2.40%) REST Assured
15 7 (2.10%) MSTest
15 7 (2.10%) Visual Studio Team System
General
1 113 (33.83%) Finance
2 35 (10.48%) Banking
3 19 (5.69%) Public Sector
4 14 (4.19%) Front Office
5 10 (2.99%) Law
5 10 (2.99%) Legal
5 10 (2.99%) Marketing
6 8 (2.40%) Back Office
6 8 (2.40%) Investment Banking
7 6 (1.80%) Advertising
8 4 (1.20%) Electronics
8 4 (1.20%) Manufacturing
8 4 (1.20%) Retail
8 4 (1.20%) Telecoms
9 1 (0.30%) Financial Institution
9 1 (0.30%) General Ledger
9 1 (0.30%) Police
Job Titles
1 160 (47.90%) Developer
2 45 (13.47%) Senior Developer
3 33 (9.88%) C# Developer
3 33 (9.88%) Java Developer
4 30 (8.98%) Tester
5 26 (7.78%) Analyst
6 21 (6.29%) React Developer
7 20 (5.99%) .NET Developer
7 20 (5.99%) Digital Developer
8 19 (5.69%) Test Engineer
9 18 (5.39%) Automation Tester
9 18 (5.39%) Software Developer
10 17 (5.09%) Test Analyst
11 16 (4.79%) DevOps Engineer
11 16 (4.79%) Test Automation Engineer
12 14 (4.19%) Architect
13 12 (3.59%) Senior React Developer
14 11 (3.29%) C# .NET Developer
14 11 (3.29%) Senior Java Developer
15 9 (2.69%) Java Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 61 (18.26%) CSS
2 56 (16.77%) .NET
3 50 (14.97%) React
4 48 (14.37%) HTML
5 46 (13.77%) RESTful
6 45 (13.47%) Web Services
7 31 (9.28%) AngularJS
8 29 (8.68%) Redux
9 21 (6.29%) Node.js
10 19 (5.69%) REST
11 17 (5.09%) Spring
12 15 (4.49%) ASP.NET
12 15 (4.49%) D3.js
12 15 (4.49%) GraphQL
13 14 (4.19%) HTML5
14 13 (3.89%) Jest
15 12 (3.59%) Gherkin
15 12 (3.59%) SOAP
16 11 (3.29%) .NET Core
17 10 (2.99%) WCF
Miscellaneous
1 35 (10.48%) Data Structures
2 32 (9.58%) User Experience
3 30 (8.98%) Algorithms
4 28 (8.38%) Analytical Skills
5 20 (5.99%) Greenfield Project
6 14 (4.19%) Mobile App
7 10 (2.99%) Equities
8 9 (2.69%) Derivative
8 9 (2.69%) Hedge funds
9 6 (1.80%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
9 6 (1.80%) Management Information System
10 5 (1.50%) Fixed Income
11 4 (1.20%) W3C
12 3 (0.90%) Enterprise Software
12 3 (0.90%) Linux Command Line
12 3 (0.90%) Replication
12 3 (0.90%) Self-Motivation
12 3 (0.90%) Social Media
13 2 (0.60%) Blog
13 2 (0.60%) OTC Derivatives
Operating Systems
1 25 (7.49%) Linux
2 15 (4.49%) Unix
3 9 (2.69%) Android
4 8 (2.40%) Windows
5 7 (2.10%) Apple iOS
6 6 (1.80%) Mac OS X
7 4 (1.20%) Mac OS
8 3 (0.90%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 2 (0.60%) Ubuntu
9 2 (0.60%) Windows 10
10 1 (0.30%) CentOS
10 1 (0.30%) Debian
10 1 (0.30%) Windows Server 2008
10 1 (0.30%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 206 (61.68%) Agile Software Development
2 83 (24.85%) DevOps
3 76 (22.75%) TDD
4 66 (19.76%) Continuous Integration
5 61 (18.26%) Scrum
6 54 (16.17%) OO
7 50 (14.97%) Problem-Solving
8 48 (14.37%) Microservices
8 48 (14.37%) Unit Testing
9 40 (11.98%) BDD
10 39 (11.68%) Computer Science
11 32 (9.58%) Kanban
12 31 (9.28%) Continuous Delivery
12 31 (9.28%) Software Engineering
13 26 (7.78%) MVC
13 26 (7.78%) OOD
13 26 (7.78%) OOP
14 23 (6.89%) Multithreading
15 22 (6.59%) SDLC
16 21 (6.29%) Continuous Improvement
Programming Languages
1 124 (37.13%) Java
2 99 (29.64%) C#
2 99 (29.64%) JavaScript
3 82 (24.55%) SQL
4 42 (12.57%) Python
5 33 (9.88%) TypeScript
6 28 (8.38%) Ruby
7 18 (5.39%) Java 8
8 14 (4.19%) Scala
9 13 (3.89%) C++
9 13 (3.89%) ES6
10 11 (3.29%) PHP
11 10 (2.99%) Go
12 8 (2.40%) Kotlin
13 7 (2.10%) Groovy
13 7 (2.10%) PL/SQL
13 7 (2.10%) T-SQL
14 5 (1.50%) Apex Code
14 5 (1.50%) C
14 5 (1.50%) PowerShell
Qualifications
1 23 (6.89%) Degree
2 20 (5.99%) Security Cleared
3 14 (4.19%) SC Cleared
4 13 (3.89%) ISTQB
5 11 (3.29%) ISEB
6 6 (1.80%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
7 4 (1.20%) DV Cleared
8 3 (0.90%) CHECK Team Member
8 3 (0.90%) Computer Science Degree
9 2 (0.60%) BPSS Clearance
9 2 (0.60%) Master's Degree
10 1 (0.30%) AWS Certification
10 1 (0.30%) DBS Check
10 1 (0.30%) ISEB Practitioner
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 50 (14.97%) QA
2 5 (1.50%) GDPR
3 4 (1.20%) WCAG
4 1 (0.30%) EMIR
4 1 (0.30%) IFRS
4 1 (0.30%) MiFID
4 1 (0.30%) Solvency II
System Software
1 34 (10.18%) Docker
2 6 (1.80%) Virtual Machines
3 5 (1.50%) Active Directory
4 1 (0.30%) Varnish
Systems Management
1 27 (8.08%) Kubernetes
2 25 (7.49%) Terraform
3 13 (3.89%) Ansible
4 3 (0.90%) Opscode Chef
4 3 (0.90%) Puppet
5 2 (0.60%) Packer
6 1 (0.30%) Consul
6 1 (0.30%) Grafana
6 1 (0.30%) Graphite
6 1 (0.30%) HP Quality Center
6 1 (0.30%) Salt
6 1 (0.30%) SELinux
Vendors
1 22 (6.59%) Microsoft
2 10 (2.99%) Oracle
3 8 (2.40%) Google
4 7 (2.10%) Atlassian
4 7 (2.10%) Solace
4 7 (2.10%) Vermilion
5 6 (1.80%) SAP
6 5 (1.50%) Salesforce Marketing Cloud
6 5 (1.50%) Salesforce.com
7 4 (1.20%) MuleSoft
7 4 (1.20%) New Relic
8 3 (0.90%) Kofax
8 3 (0.90%) Perforce
9 2 (0.60%) HP
9 2 (0.60%) iManage
9 2 (0.60%) Intapp
9 2 (0.60%) Red Hat
9 2 (0.60%) ServiceNow
9 2 (0.60%) Tableau
9 2 (0.60%) Xamarin