Period
to 18 June 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in Central London with a requirement for Test Automation skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Test Automation over the 6 months to 18 June 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Automated Testing
London > Central London
6 months to
18 Jun 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 36 35 33
Rank change year-on-year -1 -2 +2
Contract jobs citing Test Automation 498 550 439
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in Central London 5.93% 6.06% 5.99%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 6.59% 6.83% 6.81%
Number of daily rates quoted 375 437 344
Central London median daily rate £500 £500 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.26% +5.56%
10th Percentile £393 £350 £319
90th Percentile £650 £625 £638
London median daily rate £500 £500 £475
% change year-on-year - +5.26% +5.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 1 0
Central London median hourly rate - £65.00 -
London median hourly rate £29.00 £47.50 £40.00
% change year-on-year -38.95% +18.75% +75.17%

Test Automation is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in Central London with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
Central London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 7,554 8,049 6,451
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in Central London 89.94% 88.72% 87.98%
Number of daily rates quoted 5,788 6,277 4,935
Central London median daily rate £525 £500 £488
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.00% +2.56% +5.41%
10th Percentile £350 £325 £310
90th Percentile £675 £675 £663
London median daily rate £520 £500 £475
% change year-on-year +4.00% +5.26% +3.26%
Number of hourly rates quoted 75 119 58
Central London median hourly rate £21.50 £20.00 £16.96
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +7.50% +17.92% -15.20%
10th Percentile £11.25 £12.50 £12.68
90th Percentile £55.40 £45.20 £28.59
London median hourly rate £24.76 £24.09 £24.86
% change year-on-year +2.76% -3.10% +18.38%

Test Automation
Job Vacancy Trend in Central London

Job postings citing Test Automation as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in Central London.

Job vacancy trend for Test Automation in Central London

Test Automation
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in Central London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Test Automation in Central London.

Contractor daily rate trend for Test Automation in Central London

Test Automation
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in Central London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Test Automation in Central London over the 6 months to 18 June 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Test Automation in Central London

Test Automation
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in Central London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Test Automation in Central London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Test Automation in Central London

Test Automation
Contract Job Locations in Central London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Test Automation within the Central London region over the 6 months to 18 June 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
City of London +4 309 £514 +2.75% 55
City of Westminster +3 62 £550 +29.41% 3
West End of London -10 21 £450 -14.29% 5
Southwark -32 1 - -
Test Automation
London

For the 6 months to 18 June 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Test Automation also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the Central London region with a requirement for Test Automation.

1 290 (58.23%) Agile Software Development
2 223 (44.78%) Java
3 135 (27.11%) Selenium
4 131 (26.31%) JavaScript
5 126 (25.30%) DevOps
6 118 (23.69%) TDD
7 117 (23.49%) Microservices
8 112 (22.49%) BDD
9 110 (22.09%) QA
10 109 (21.89%) Continuous Integration
11 108 (21.69%) SQL
12 104 (20.88%) C#
13 99 (19.88%) Cucumber
13 99 (19.88%) Git (software)
14 98 (19.68%) Scrum
15 95 (19.08%) Finance
16 92 (18.47%) Docker
17 91 (18.27%) Microsoft Azure
18 90 (18.07%) Amazon AWS
18 90 (18.07%) Linux
19 89 (17.87%) Jenkins
20 83 (16.67%) HTML
21 77 (15.46%) Python
22 66 (13.25%) CSS
23 61 (12.25%) MongoDB
24 58 (11.65%) .NET
25 56 (11.24%) Kubernetes
26 54 (10.84%) Relational Database
27 53 (10.64%) SpecFlow
28 52 (10.44%) Continuous Deployment

Test Automation
Co-occurring IT Skills in Central London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 26 (5.22%) Confluence
2 14 (2.81%) Apache
3 12 (2.41%) Apache Spark
3 12 (2.41%) Elasticsearch
4 10 (2.01%) nginx
5 9 (1.81%) Adobe Experience Manager
6 7 (1.41%) CMS
7 6 (1.20%) Gunicorn
8 3 (0.60%) IIS
9 2 (0.40%) Tomcat
9 2 (0.40%) WordPress
10 1 (0.20%) Drupal
10 1 (0.20%) JBoss
10 1 (0.20%) Jetty
10 1 (0.20%) Mule
10 1 (0.20%) Mule ESB
10 1 (0.20%) Oracle Workflow
10 1 (0.20%) Sitecore CMS
10 1 (0.20%) WebLogic
10 1 (0.20%) WebSphere
Applications
1 7 (1.41%) Microsoft Excel
2 3 (0.60%) Microsoft Office
3 2 (0.40%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 2 (0.40%) Microsoft Project
4 1 (0.20%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 10 (2.01%) Dynamics CRM
2 8 (1.61%) Oracle Financials
3 3 (0.60%) SAP Hybris
4 2 (0.40%) Distributed Ledger
4 2 (0.40%) Markit EDM
5 1 (0.20%) Oracle EBS
5 1 (0.20%) Oracle Payables
5 1 (0.20%) Oracle Receivables
Cloud Services
1 91 (18.27%) Microsoft Azure
2 90 (18.07%) Amazon AWS
3 24 (4.82%) GitHub
4 22 (4.42%) Serverless
5 16 (3.21%) AWS Lambda
6 14 (2.81%) Azure Functions
7 12 (2.41%) PaaS
8 10 (2.01%) Power Platform
9 9 (1.81%) Azure Data Factory
10 8 (1.61%) Amazon EC2
10 8 (1.61%) Amazon ECS
10 8 (1.61%) Amazon ELB
10 8 (1.61%) Amazon S3
11 7 (1.41%) SaaS
12 6 (1.20%) Dynamics 365
12 6 (1.20%) Google Cloud Platform
13 5 (1.00%) Amazon Kinesis
13 5 (1.00%) AWS CloudFormation
13 5 (1.00%) Azure Active Directory
13 5 (1.00%) Data Lake Analytics
Communications & Networking
1 36 (7.23%) HTTP
2 18 (3.61%) TCP/IP
3 16 (3.21%) SSL
4 15 (3.01%) DHCP
4 15 (3.01%) DNS
4 15 (3.01%) FTP
4 15 (3.01%) IPsec
5 3 (0.60%) HTTPS
6 2 (0.40%) Firewall
6 2 (0.40%) Internet
7 1 (0.20%) DSL
7 1 (0.20%) Network Security
7 1 (0.20%) Wireless
7 1 (0.20%) Wireshark
Database & Business Intelligence
1 61 (12.25%) MongoDB
2 54 (10.84%) Relational Database
3 42 (8.43%) SQL Server
4 30 (6.02%) NoSQL
5 28 (5.62%) MySQL
6 18 (3.61%) Big Data
7 17 (3.41%) RDBMS
8 14 (2.81%) Neo4j
9 11 (2.21%) PostgreSQL
10 10 (2.01%) Data Warehouse
10 10 (2.01%) Redis
11 9 (1.81%) Hadoop
11 9 (1.81%) Oracle Reports
12 8 (1.61%) Data Lake
12 8 (1.61%) SQL Server 2014
13 7 (1.41%) Blockchain
13 7 (1.41%) Cosmos DB
14 6 (1.20%) HBase
14 6 (1.20%) Power BI
15 5 (1.00%) Azure SQL Database
Development Applications
1 135 (27.11%) Selenium
2 99 (19.88%) Cucumber
2 99 (19.88%) Git (software)
3 89 (17.87%) Jenkins
4 53 (10.64%) SpecFlow
5 49 (9.84%) JIRA
6 44 (8.84%) WebDriver
7 33 (6.63%) Mockito
8 28 (5.62%) Visual Studio Team System
9 26 (5.22%) Maven
10 25 (5.02%) Subversion
11 24 (4.82%) TeamCity
12 21 (4.22%) Visual Studio
13 18 (3.61%) Team Foundation Server
14 17 (3.41%) JUnit
15 16 (3.21%) JMeter
15 16 (3.21%) Travis CI
16 15 (3.01%) Gatling
17 14 (2.81%) Appium
18 13 (2.61%) SoapUI
General
1 95 (19.08%) Finance
2 38 (7.63%) Banking
3 23 (4.62%) Retail
4 19 (3.82%) Marketing
5 15 (3.01%) Front Office
6 12 (2.41%) Investment Banking
6 12 (2.41%) Law
7 5 (1.00%) Back Office
7 5 (1.00%) Financial Institution
7 5 (1.00%) Publishing
8 2 (0.40%) Electronics
8 2 (0.40%) International Banking
8 2 (0.40%) Legal
8 2 (0.40%) Military
8 2 (0.40%) Retail Banking
9 1 (0.20%) Advertising
9 1 (0.20%) Automotive
9 1 (0.20%) French Language
Job Titles
1 186 (37.35%) Developer
2 62 (12.45%) Java Developer
3 60 (12.05%) Tester
4 46 (9.24%) DevOps Engineer
5 42 (8.43%) Analyst
5 42 (8.43%) Test Engineer
6 41 (8.23%) Automation Tester
7 35 (7.03%) Test Analyst
8 34 (6.83%) Senior Developer
9 24 (4.82%) QA Engineer
10 21 (4.22%) Test Automation Engineer
11 20 (4.02%) Senior Java Developer
12 19 (3.82%) Cloud Engineer
12 19 (3.82%) Full Stack Developer
13 18 (3.61%) Senior DevOps
13 18 (3.61%) Software Engineer
14 17 (3.41%) Java Engineer
14 17 (3.41%) Python Developer
14 17 (3.41%) Test Leader
15 16 (3.21%) Senior DevOps Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 83 (16.67%) HTML
2 66 (13.25%) CSS
3 58 (11.65%) .NET
4 49 (9.84%) REST
5 48 (9.64%) Web Services
6 45 (9.04%) AngularJS
6 45 (9.04%) Node.js
7 41 (8.23%) RESTful
8 34 (6.83%) HTML5
9 28 (5.62%) React
10 25 (5.02%) JAX-RS
11 24 (4.82%) Spring
12 22 (4.42%) XML
13 21 (4.22%) JSON
14 18 (3.61%) Gherkin
15 17 (3.41%) Kafka
16 16 (3.21%) Dropwizard
17 15 (3.01%) ActiveMQ
17 15 (3.01%) jQuery
18 14 (2.81%) CSS3
Miscellaneous
1 25 (5.02%) Greenfield Project
2 24 (4.82%) Mobile App
3 22 (4.42%) Analytical Skills
4 21 (4.22%) User Experience
5 17 (3.41%) Self-Motivation
6 13 (2.61%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
7 12 (2.41%) Derivative
8 11 (2.21%) Fixed Income
9 10 (2.01%) Data Structures
9 10 (2.01%) Equities
10 9 (1.81%) Social Media
11 7 (1.41%) Hedge funds
12 5 (1.00%) Virtual Team
13 4 (0.80%) Cloud Native
13 4 (0.80%) Equity Derivative
14 3 (0.60%) Algorithms
14 3 (0.60%) FMCG
14 3 (0.60%) Public Cloud
15 2 (0.40%) Enterprise Software
15 2 (0.40%) Video on Demand
Operating Systems
1 90 (18.07%) Linux
2 50 (10.04%) Unix
3 36 (7.23%) Mac OS X
4 14 (2.81%) Android
5 13 (2.61%) Apple iOS
5 13 (2.61%) Windows
6 3 (0.60%) Ubuntu
7 2 (0.40%) CentOS
7 2 (0.40%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 1 (0.20%) Windows Server
Processes & Methodologies
1 290 (58.23%) Agile Software Development
2 126 (25.30%) DevOps
3 118 (23.69%) TDD
4 117 (23.49%) Microservices
5 112 (22.49%) BDD
6 109 (21.89%) Continuous Integration
7 98 (19.68%) Scrum
8 52 (10.44%) Continuous Deployment
9 51 (10.24%) Problem-Solving
10 46 (9.24%) Web Development
11 45 (9.04%) OO
11 45 (9.04%) SDET
12 42 (8.43%) Continuous Delivery
12 42 (8.43%) Open Source
13 41 (8.23%) Unit Testing
14 40 (8.03%) SDLC
15 39 (7.83%) Test Strategy
16 37 (7.43%) Responsive Web Design
17 33 (6.63%) E-Commerce
17 33 (6.63%) Manual Testing
Programming Languages
1 223 (44.78%) Java
2 131 (26.31%) JavaScript
3 108 (21.69%) SQL
4 104 (20.88%) C#
5 77 (15.46%) Python
6 32 (6.43%) TypeScript
7 25 (5.02%) Java 8
8 23 (4.62%) PowerShell
9 22 (4.42%) Ruby
10 16 (3.21%) ES6
10 16 (3.21%) T-SQL
11 14 (2.81%) PHP
12 13 (2.61%) Scala
13 12 (2.41%) Kotlin
14 11 (2.21%) C++
15 9 (1.81%) Go
16 7 (1.41%) Groovy
17 6 (1.20%) Shell Script
18 5 (1.00%) Perl
18 5 (1.00%) PL/SQL
Qualifications
1 24 (4.82%) Security Cleared
2 17 (3.41%) Degree
3 16 (3.21%) ISEB
3 16 (3.21%) ISTQB
4 12 (2.41%) SC Cleared
5 10 (2.01%) DV Cleared
6 8 (1.61%) ACCA
6 8 (1.61%) BPSS Clearance
7 7 (1.41%) Computer Science Degree
8 3 (0.60%) CHECK Team Member
9 2 (0.40%) DBS Check
9 2 (0.40%) PRINCE2 Certification
10 1 (0.20%) AWS Certification
10 1 (0.20%) GPEN
10 1 (0.20%) GWAPT
10 1 (0.20%) GXPN
10 1 (0.20%) ITIL Certification
10 1 (0.20%) Master's Degree
10 1 (0.20%) OSCE
10 1 (0.20%) OSCP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 110 (22.09%) QA
2 9 (1.81%) GDPR
3 5 (1.00%) WCAG
4 2 (0.40%) Data Quality
4 2 (0.40%) PMO
5 1 (0.20%) Basel III
5 1 (0.20%) PCI DSS
System Software
1 92 (18.47%) Docker
2 17 (3.41%) Virtual Machines
3 5 (1.00%) Active Directory
4 1 (0.20%) Apache Flume
4 1 (0.20%) Hyper-V
4 1 (0.20%) XenApp
Systems Management
1 56 (11.24%) Kubernetes
2 33 (6.63%) Ansible
3 26 (5.22%) Puppet
4 17 (3.41%) Terraform
5 11 (2.21%) Opscode Chef
6 4 (0.80%) Hadoop YARN
7 3 (0.60%) Grafana
8 2 (0.40%) HP ALM
8 2 (0.40%) Packer
9 1 (0.20%) CloudHub
9 1 (0.20%) Host Intrusion Detection System
9 1 (0.20%) Kibana
9 1 (0.20%) Microsoft Clustering
9 1 (0.20%) Network Intrusion Detection System
9 1 (0.20%) rkt
9 1 (0.20%) Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 39 (7.83%) Microsoft
2 16 (3.21%) Salesforce.com
3 15 (3.01%) Oracle
4 11 (2.21%) Cypress Semiconductor
4 11 (2.21%) HP
5 10 (2.01%) Adobe
5 10 (2.01%) Google
5 10 (2.01%) Splunk
6 8 (1.61%) IBM
7 7 (1.41%) Marketo
7 7 (1.41%) Pardot
8 6 (1.20%) hybris
9 4 (0.80%) Alteryx
9 4 (0.80%) Informatica
9 4 (0.80%) Perforce
9 4 (0.80%) SAP
9 4 (0.80%) Tableau
9 4 (0.80%) TIBCO
10 3 (0.60%) Bloomberg
10 3 (0.60%) InterSystems