Period
to 13 November 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in Central London with a requirement for Test Automation skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Test Automation over the 6 months to 13 November 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Automated Testing
London > Central London
6 months to
13 Nov 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 27 32 36
Rank change year-on-year +5 +4 +3
Contract jobs citing Test Automation 635 492 460
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in Central London 6.93% 5.84% 5.73%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 7.90% 6.57% 6.48%
Number of daily rates quoted 500 383 352
Central London median daily rate £500 £500 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.26% +5.56%
10th Percentile £350 £334 £326
90th Percentile £625 £638 £588
London median daily rate £500 £500 £450
% change year-on-year - +11.11% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 1 1 1
Central London median hourly rate £35.00 £65.00 £32.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -46.15% +100.00% -13.33%
London median hourly rate £35.00 £40.00 £46.50
% change year-on-year -12.50% -13.98% +12.05%

Test Automation is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in Central London with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
Central London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 8,037 7,493 7,095
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in Central London 87.70% 88.90% 88.40%
Number of daily rates quoted 6,258 5,820 5,542
Central London median daily rate £500 £500 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.26% +5.56%
10th Percentile £325 £325 £313
90th Percentile £675 £675 £650
London median daily rate £500 £500 £470
% change year-on-year - +6.38% +4.44%
Number of hourly rates quoted 108 78 62
Central London median hourly rate £19.00 £19.50 £19.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -2.56% +2.63% -
10th Percentile £13.31 £13.34 £11.25
90th Percentile £33.23 £34.55 £49.87
London median hourly rate £22.74 £22.50 £21.50
% change year-on-year +1.04% +4.65% +7.50%

Test Automation
Job Vacancy Trend in Central London

Job postings citing Test Automation as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in Central London.

Job vacancy trend for Test Automation in Central London

Test Automation
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in Central London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Test Automation in Central London.

Contractor daily rate trend for Test Automation in Central London

Test Automation
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in Central London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Test Automation in Central London over the 6 months to 13 November 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Test Automation in Central London

Test Automation
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in Central London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Test Automation in Central London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Test Automation in Central London

Test Automation
Contract Job Locations in Central London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Test Automation within the Central London region over the 6 months to 13 November 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
City of London +3 468 £500 - 143
Southwark -4 43 £525 -
West End of London -12 38 £500 +33.33% 34
City of Westminster +2 14 £488 +30.00%
Camden 0 6 £394 +23.05% 2
Kensington and Chelsea - 1 £475 -
Test Automation
London

For the 6 months to 13 November 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Test Automation also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the Central London region with a requirement for Test Automation.

1 403 (63.46%) Agile Software Development
2 245 (38.58%) Java
3 238 (37.48%) Selenium
4 162 (25.51%) TDD
5 160 (25.20%) QA
6 159 (25.04%) Finance
6 159 (25.04%) JavaScript
7 156 (24.57%) BDD
8 136 (21.42%) Scrum
9 125 (19.69%) Cucumber
10 124 (19.53%) Amazon AWS
11 121 (19.06%) .NET
12 120 (18.90%) Continuous Integration
13 119 (18.74%) SQL
13 119 (18.74%) C#
14 114 (17.95%) HTML
15 109 (17.17%) Git (software)
16 106 (16.69%) Python
17 105 (16.54%) Jenkins
18 96 (15.12%) JIRA
19 91 (14.33%) DevOps
20 90 (14.17%) Microservices
21 88 (13.86%) REST
22 82 (12.91%) OO
23 80 (12.60%) Banking
24 77 (12.13%) CSS
25 74 (11.65%) RESTful
26 73 (11.50%) Unix
27 72 (11.34%) WebDriver
28 68 (10.71%) Docker

Test Automation
Co-occurring IT Skills in Central London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 49 (7.72%) Confluence
2 13 (2.05%) WildFly
3 10 (1.57%) Elasticsearch
4 7 (1.10%) Apache Spark
4 7 (1.10%) Drupal
5 6 (0.94%) Apache
6 5 (0.79%) CMS
7 4 (0.63%) Gunicorn
7 4 (0.63%) WebSphere
8 3 (0.47%) Adobe Experience Manager
8 3 (0.47%) NServiceBus
9 2 (0.31%) Apache Solr
9 2 (0.31%) Oracle SOA Suite
9 2 (0.31%) SharePoint
9 2 (0.31%) Tomcat
10 1 (0.16%) Alfresco
10 1 (0.16%) Content Management Server
10 1 (0.16%) IIS
10 1 (0.16%) JBoss
10 1 (0.16%) MS Exchange
Applications
1 20 (3.15%) Microsoft Excel
2 18 (2.83%) MS Visio
3 3 (0.47%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 3 (0.47%) Microsoft Project
4 2 (0.31%) Microsoft Office
Business Applications
1 3 (0.47%) ION MarketView
1 3 (0.47%) Markit EDM
1 3 (0.47%) SAP Oil and Gas
2 2 (0.31%) Dynamics CRM
2 2 (0.31%) Summit
2 2 (0.31%) thinkFolio
3 1 (0.16%) Distributed Ledger
3 1 (0.16%) Oracle Retail
Cloud Services
1 124 (19.53%) Amazon AWS
2 47 (7.40%) Microsoft Azure
3 39 (6.14%) GitHub
4 16 (2.52%) Amazon EC2
4 16 (2.52%) Amazon S3
5 14 (2.20%) BrowserStack
5 14 (2.20%) Virtual Private Cloud
6 12 (1.89%) Heroku
7 10 (1.57%) Google Cloud Platform
7 10 (1.57%) Serverless
8 5 (0.79%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
9 4 (0.63%) Akamai
9 4 (0.63%) AWS Lambda
9 4 (0.63%) Cloud Computing
9 4 (0.63%) Dynamics 365
9 4 (0.63%) PaaS
10 3 (0.47%) Amazon CloudWatch
10 3 (0.47%) OpenShift
10 3 (0.47%) SaaS
10 3 (0.47%) Slack
Communications & Networking
1 27 (4.25%) HTTP
2 9 (1.42%) TCP/IP
3 8 (1.26%) Internet
4 6 (0.94%) DNS
5 5 (0.79%) AMQP
5 5 (0.79%) DHCP
5 5 (0.79%) Kerberos
5 5 (0.79%) Skype
6 3 (0.47%) FTP
6 3 (0.47%) ICMP
6 3 (0.47%) Junos
6 3 (0.47%) MQTT
6 3 (0.47%) SSL
7 2 (0.31%) DMARC
7 2 (0.31%) IPsec
7 2 (0.31%) SCCP
7 2 (0.31%) SMS
7 2 (0.31%) Wireshark
8 1 (0.16%) HTTPS
8 1 (0.16%) VPN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 50 (7.87%) SQL Server
2 45 (7.09%) Relational Database
3 36 (5.67%) NoSQL
4 31 (4.88%) MongoDB
5 23 (3.62%) Big Data
5 23 (3.62%) RDBMS
6 17 (2.68%) Apache Hive
6 17 (2.68%) Hadoop
7 16 (2.52%) MySQL
8 15 (2.36%) Data Warehouse
9 14 (2.20%) Sqoop
10 13 (2.05%) Impala
11 11 (1.73%) Redis
12 9 (1.42%) Neo4j
13 8 (1.26%) Data Lake
13 8 (1.26%) PostgreSQL
14 7 (1.10%) Apache Cassandra
14 7 (1.10%) DB2
15 6 (0.94%) SQL Server 2012
16 5 (0.79%) SQL Server 2016
Development Applications
1 238 (37.48%) Selenium
2 125 (19.69%) Cucumber
3 109 (17.17%) Git (software)
4 105 (16.54%) Jenkins
5 96 (15.12%) JIRA
6 72 (11.34%) WebDriver
7 66 (10.39%) Maven
8 46 (7.24%) SpecFlow
9 35 (5.51%) JUnit
10 32 (5.04%) Appium
11 31 (4.88%) JMeter
11 31 (4.88%) Mockito
12 28 (4.41%) Visual Studio
13 22 (3.46%) Team Foundation Server
14 20 (3.15%) webpack
15 19 (2.99%) TeamCity
16 18 (2.83%) NUnit
17 16 (2.52%) Vagrant
18 15 (2.36%) SoapUI
19 14 (2.20%) Visual Studio Team System
General
1 159 (25.04%) Finance
2 80 (12.60%) Banking
3 28 (4.41%) Front Office
4 25 (3.94%) Retail
5 12 (1.89%) Investment Banking
6 8 (1.26%) Financial Institution
6 8 (1.26%) Games
7 7 (1.10%) Back Office
7 7 (1.10%) Marketing
7 7 (1.10%) Telecoms
8 6 (0.94%) Advertising
8 6 (0.94%) Retail Banking
9 5 (0.79%) Legal
10 4 (0.63%) Law
11 2 (0.31%) International Banking
12 1 (0.16%) Pharmaceutical
12 1 (0.16%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 241 (37.95%) Developer
2 74 (11.65%) Analyst
3 71 (11.18%) Tester
4 64 (10.08%) Java Developer
5 53 (8.35%) Test Engineer
6 50 (7.87%) Test Analyst
7 47 (7.40%) Automation Tester
8 43 (6.77%) QA Engineer
9 38 (5.98%) C# Developer
9 38 (5.98%) DevOps Engineer
10 36 (5.67%) Senior Developer
11 32 (5.04%) React Developer
12 29 (4.57%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
13 28 (4.41%) .NET Developer
14 27 (4.25%) Developer in Test
15 25 (3.94%) Test Automation Engineer
16 22 (3.46%) Full Stack Developer
17 21 (3.31%) Angular Developer
17 21 (3.31%) JavaScript Developer
17 21 (3.31%) Senior DevOps
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 121 (19.06%) .NET
2 114 (17.95%) HTML
3 88 (13.86%) REST
4 77 (12.13%) CSS
5 74 (11.65%) RESTful
6 63 (9.92%) AngularJS
7 51 (8.03%) Node.js
8 49 (7.72%) Web Services
9 47 (7.40%) React
10 45 (7.09%) JSON
11 33 (5.20%) Gherkin
12 31 (4.88%) Spring
13 30 (4.72%) Hibernate
14 27 (4.25%) XML
15 26 (4.09%) HTML5
16 25 (3.94%) .NET Framework
16 25 (3.94%) Redux
17 24 (3.78%) JMS
18 23 (3.62%) JAX-RS
19 20 (3.15%) Sass
Miscellaneous
1 53 (8.35%) Greenfield Project
2 32 (5.04%) Analytical Skills
3 31 (4.88%) User Experience
4 30 (4.72%) Computer Science
4 30 (4.72%) Fintech
4 30 (4.72%) Mobile App
5 25 (3.94%) Linux Command Line
6 23 (3.62%) Data Structures
7 21 (3.31%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
8 20 (3.15%) Algorithms
9 18 (2.83%) Hedge funds
10 15 (2.36%) Derivative
10 15 (2.36%) Equities
10 15 (2.36%) Self-Motivation
11 14 (2.20%) Fixed Income
12 13 (2.05%) Wiki
13 7 (1.10%) Data Centre
14 6 (0.94%) NHS
15 4 (0.63%) N-Tier
16 3 (0.47%) Public Cloud
Operating Systems
1 73 (11.50%) Unix
2 59 (9.29%) Linux
3 24 (3.78%) Android
3 24 (3.78%) Apple iOS
4 22 (3.46%) Windows
5 14 (2.20%) VMS
6 12 (1.89%) Mac OS X
7 2 (0.31%) CentOS
8 1 (0.16%) Android TV
8 1 (0.16%) CoreOS
8 1 (0.16%) Mac OS
8 1 (0.16%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 1 (0.16%) Windows 7
8 1 (0.16%) Windows Server
8 1 (0.16%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 403 (63.46%) Agile Software Development
2 162 (25.51%) TDD
3 156 (24.57%) BDD
4 136 (21.42%) Scrum
5 120 (18.90%) Continuous Integration
6 91 (14.33%) DevOps
7 90 (14.17%) Microservices
8 82 (12.91%) OO
9 62 (9.76%) Problem-Solving
9 62 (9.76%) SDET
10 61 (9.61%) Test Scripting
11 57 (8.98%) Front End Development
12 52 (8.19%) API Testing
13 51 (8.03%) SDLC
14 45 (7.09%) Unit Testing
15 42 (6.61%) Open Source
15 42 (6.61%) Regression Testing
16 38 (5.98%) Performance Testing
16 38 (5.98%) Software Engineering
17 37 (5.83%) User Acceptance Testing
Programming Languages
1 245 (38.58%) Java
2 159 (25.04%) JavaScript
3 119 (18.74%) C#
3 119 (18.74%) SQL
4 106 (16.69%) Python
5 48 (7.56%) Bash Shell
6 41 (6.46%) Ruby
7 34 (5.35%) Java 8
8 22 (3.46%) ES6
9 20 (3.15%) PowerShell
10 18 (2.83%) C++
10 18 (2.83%) Groovy
10 18 (2.83%) Shell Script
10 18 (2.83%) TypeScript
11 15 (2.36%) Korn
12 13 (2.05%) JPQL
12 13 (2.05%) PHP
13 11 (1.73%) Apple Swift
13 11 (1.73%) T-SQL
14 9 (1.42%) Scala
Qualifications
1 32 (5.04%) Degree
2 25 (3.94%) Security Cleared
3 22 (3.46%) ISTQB
4 15 (2.36%) ISEB
5 14 (2.20%) SC Cleared
6 9 (1.42%) DV Cleared
7 5 (0.79%) Numerate Degree
8 4 (0.63%) Computer Science Degree
9 2 (0.31%) BPSS Clearance
9 2 (0.31%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
10 1 (0.16%) CESG Certified Professional
10 1 (0.16%) DBS Check
10 1 (0.16%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
10 1 (0.16%) Master's Degree
10 1 (0.16%) RHCE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 160 (25.20%) QA
2 3 (0.47%) Data Quality
2 3 (0.47%) GDPR
3 2 (0.31%) MiFID
3 2 (0.31%) PMO
3 2 (0.31%) PSD2
System Software
1 68 (10.71%) Docker
2 14 (2.20%) HDFS
3 4 (0.63%) Varnish
3 4 (0.63%) Virtual Machines
4 3 (0.47%) VirtualBox
5 2 (0.31%) Active Directory
6 1 (0.16%) Firmware
6 1 (0.16%) VMware ESXi
6 1 (0.16%) VMware Infrastructure
Systems Management
1 32 (5.04%) Ansible
2 31 (4.88%) Kubernetes
3 26 (4.09%) Puppet
4 20 (3.15%) Opscode Chef
5 15 (2.36%) Hadoop YARN
6 9 (1.42%) HP ALM
6 9 (1.42%) HP Quality Center
7 5 (0.79%) Terraform
8 4 (0.63%) Kibana
8 4 (0.63%) logstash
8 4 (0.63%) Prometheus
9 3 (0.47%) Oozie
10 2 (0.31%) Business Desktop Deployment
10 2 (0.31%) rkt
11 1 (0.16%) Control-M
11 1 (0.16%) Docker Swarm
11 1 (0.16%) Mesos
11 1 (0.16%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
Vendors
1 40 (6.30%) Oracle
2 35 (5.51%) Microsoft
3 21 (3.31%) Google
4 15 (2.36%) Cloudera
5 13 (2.05%) HP
6 11 (1.73%) Cadence
7 8 (1.26%) Twitter
8 7 (1.10%) TIBCO
9 6 (0.94%) Perfecto Mobile
10 5 (0.79%) Apple
10 5 (0.79%) Atlassian
10 5 (0.79%) Cypress Semiconductor
10 5 (0.79%) ION Trading
10 5 (0.79%) New Relic
10 5 (0.79%) UiPath
11 4 (0.63%) Blue Prism
11 4 (0.63%) Salesforce.com
11 4 (0.63%) SAP
11 4 (0.63%) Splunk
12 3 (0.47%) AppDynamics