Period
to 8 August 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for BDD skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited BDD over the 6 months to 8 August 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Behaviour-Driven Development (BDD)
England > London
6 months to
8 Aug 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 68 59 46
Rank change year-on-year -9 -13 +6
Contract jobs citing BDD 557 1,674 2,356
As % of all contract jobs advertised in London 3.64% 4.18% 5.15%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 4.09% 4.72% 5.82%
Number of daily rates quoted 404 1,337 1,946
Median daily rate £550 £550 £510
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +7.84% +2.00%
10th Percentile £400 £406 £406
90th Percentile £675 £675 £638
England median daily rate £525 £500 £500
% change year-on-year +5.00% - +5.26%
Number of hourly rates quoted 7 4 2
Median hourly rate £45.00 £35.00 £18.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +28.57% +94.44% -
10th Percentile £35.00 £18.38 £16.55
90th Percentile £58.00 £35.00 £19.45
England median hourly rate £35.00 £35.00 £37.50
% change year-on-year - -6.67% -23.08%

BDD is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 13,604 35,459 40,503
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 89.02% 88.59% 88.50%
Number of daily rates quoted 9,171 25,410 29,353
Median daily rate £525 £520 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +0.96% +4.00% +2.04%
10th Percentile £325 £338 £325
90th Percentile £713 £688 £675
England median daily rate £488 £475 £463
% change year-on-year +2.63% +2.70% +2.78%
Number of hourly rates quoted 230 420 522
Median hourly rate £35.00 £24.50 £23.75
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +42.86% +3.16% +3.26%
10th Percentile £17.48 £12.45 £14.00
90th Percentile £55.10 £56.60 £53.75
Median hourly rate £35.00 £25.00 £21.50
% change year-on-year +40.00% +16.28% -6.81%

BDD
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing BDD as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for BDD in London

BDD
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing BDD in London.

Daily rate trend for BDD in London

BDD
Daily Rate Histogram in London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing BDD in London over the 6 months to 8 August 2020.

Daily rate histogram for BDD in London

BDD
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing BDD in London.

Hourly rate trend for BDD in London

BDD
Hourly Rate Histogram in London

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing BDD in London over the 6 months to 8 August 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for BDD in London

BDD
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing BDD within the London region over the 6 months to 8 August 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London -23 87 £525 -4.55% 62
South London +19 50 £419 -8.22% 4
West London +37 26 £538 +9.14% 21
East London -5 4 £525 -4.55% 8
BDD
England

For the 6 months to 8 August 2020, IT contractor jobs citing BDD also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for BDD.

1 425 (76.30%) Agile Software Development
2 422 (75.76%) TDD
3 276 (49.55%) Java
4 214 (38.42%) Test Automation
5 182 (32.68%) Microservices
6 144 (25.85%) Scrum
7 143 (25.67%) JavaScript
8 140 (25.13%) AWS
9 129 (23.16%) Docker
10 127 (22.80%) DevOps
11 121 (21.72%) Azure
11 121 (21.72%) Security Cleared
12 120 (21.54%) Jenkins
13 115 (20.65%) REST
14 109 (19.57%) Cucumber
15 108 (19.39%) JIRA
16 105 (18.85%) SQL
17 103 (18.49%) Kubernetes
18 100 (17.95%) C#
19 96 (17.24%) Pair Programming
20 94 (16.88%) Finance
21 92 (16.52%) Banking
22 90 (16.16%) SC Cleared
23 86 (15.44%) Java 8
24 83 (14.90%) Continuous Integration
25 82 (14.72%) QA
26 80 (14.36%) .NET
27 79 (14.18%) Python
28 78 (14.00%) React
29 75 (13.46%) Git (software)

BDD
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 60 (10.77%) Confluence
2 17 (3.05%) Elasticsearch
3 14 (2.51%) Apache Spark
4 11 (1.97%) JBoss
5 8 (1.44%) Mule
5 8 (1.44%) Red Hat Fuse
6 4 (0.72%) Apache
6 4 (0.72%) IIS
6 4 (0.72%) Tomcat
7 3 (0.54%) Apache Airflow
7 3 (0.54%) SharePoint
7 3 (0.54%) WebLogic
8 2 (0.36%) CMS
8 2 (0.36%) WordPress
9 1 (0.18%) Cloud Foundry
9 1 (0.18%) WebSphere
Applications
1 8 (1.44%) Microsoft Excel
2 4 (0.72%) Microsoft Office
3 1 (0.18%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 1 (0.18%) MS Visio
3 1 (0.18%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 3 (0.54%) Summit
2 2 (0.36%) Salesforce.com CRM
3 1 (0.18%) ION MarketView
3 1 (0.18%) Magento
3 1 (0.18%) Oracle Cash Management
3 1 (0.18%) Oracle ERP
3 1 (0.18%) Oracle General Ledger
3 1 (0.18%) Oracle Payables
3 1 (0.18%) Oracle Receivables
3 1 (0.18%) Shopify
Cloud Services
1 140 (25.13%) AWS
2 121 (21.72%) Azure
3 30 (5.39%) GCP
4 21 (3.77%) GitHub
5 20 (3.59%) Amazon EC2
6 18 (3.23%) SaaS
7 17 (3.05%) OpenShift
8 14 (2.51%) Serverless
9 13 (2.33%) Amazon ECS
10 11 (1.97%) Amazon EKS
10 11 (1.97%) AWS CloudFormation
11 10 (1.80%) AWS CodePipeline
12 9 (1.62%) Apigee
12 9 (1.62%) AWS Lambda
12 9 (1.62%) npm
13 8 (1.44%) Amazon S3
13 8 (1.44%) Azure Data Factory
14 7 (1.26%) BlazeMeter
14 7 (1.26%) Sauce Labs
14 7 (1.26%) Virtual Private Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 18 (3.23%) HTTP
2 4 (0.72%) Skype
3 3 (0.54%) Internet
4 1 (0.18%) AMQP
4 1 (0.18%) FTP
4 1 (0.18%) LAN
4 1 (0.18%) SSH
4 1 (0.18%) WAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 63 (11.31%) MongoDB
2 46 (8.26%) SQL Server
3 37 (6.64%) NoSQL
4 32 (5.75%) PostgreSQL
5 30 (5.39%) Relational Database
6 20 (3.59%) MySQL
7 16 (2.87%) Data Lake
8 11 (1.97%) Apache Cassandra
9 10 (1.80%) Hadoop
10 9 (1.62%) RDBMS
10 9 (1.62%) SQL Server Integration Services
11 8 (1.44%) Data Warehouse
12 6 (1.08%) Big Data
13 5 (0.90%) BigQuery
13 5 (0.90%) HBase
14 4 (0.72%) Amazon DynamoDB
14 4 (0.72%) Cosmos DB
14 4 (0.72%) Neo4j
14 4 (0.72%) SQL Server 2014
14 4 (0.72%) SQL Server 2019
Development Applications
1 120 (21.54%) Jenkins
2 109 (19.57%) Cucumber
3 108 (19.39%) JIRA
4 75 (13.46%) Git (software)
5 69 (12.39%) Selenium
6 42 (7.54%) JUnit
7 36 (6.46%) WebDriver
8 34 (6.10%) Mockito
9 31 (5.57%) SpecFlow
10 29 (5.21%) Maven
11 28 (5.03%) Cypress.io
12 26 (4.67%) Subversion
13 25 (4.49%) GitLab
13 25 (4.49%) Jasmine
14 23 (4.13%) REST Assured
15 20 (3.59%) Hudson
15 20 (3.59%) JMeter
15 20 (3.59%) Postman
15 20 (3.59%) TeamCity
16 15 (2.69%) jMock
General
1 94 (16.88%) Finance
2 92 (16.52%) Banking
3 55 (9.87%) Front Office
4 48 (8.62%) Public Sector
5 30 (5.39%) Investment Banking
6 11 (1.97%) Retail
7 7 (1.26%) Marketing
8 6 (1.08%) Advertising
9 5 (0.90%) Retail Banking
9 5 (0.90%) Telecoms
10 4 (0.72%) Legal
11 3 (0.54%) Games
11 3 (0.54%) Law
12 2 (0.36%) Electronics
12 2 (0.36%) Financial Institution
12 2 (0.36%) Local Government
12 2 (0.36%) Manufacturing
13 1 (0.18%) Corporate Banking
13 1 (0.18%) General Ledger
13 1 (0.18%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 334 (59.96%) Developer
2 133 (23.88%) Java Developer
3 71 (12.75%) Senior Developer
4 42 (7.54%) C# Developer
5 41 (7.36%) Tester
6 40 (7.18%) Senior Java Developer
7 39 (7.00%) React Developer
8 35 (6.28%) Automation Tester
9 32 (5.75%) JavaScript Developer
10 28 (5.03%) Test Engineer
11 27 (4.85%) Analyst
12 23 (4.13%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
13 22 (3.95%) .NET Developer
13 22 (3.95%) Software Engineer
14 21 (3.77%) C# Developer - E-Commerce
14 21 (3.77%) E-Commerce Developer
15 20 (3.59%) QA Engineer
16 18 (3.23%) Full Stack Developer
17 16 (2.87%) AWS Developer
17 16 (2.87%) Java Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 115 (20.65%) REST
2 80 (14.36%) .NET
3 78 (14.00%) React
4 74 (13.29%) Node.js
5 72 (12.93%) AngularJS
6 71 (12.75%) Spring
7 66 (11.85%) HTML
8 65 (11.67%) Web Services
9 55 (9.87%) CSS
10 49 (8.80%) Redux
11 48 (8.62%) RESTful
12 42 (7.54%) Gherkin
13 39 (7.00%) WCF
14 38 (6.82%) SOAP
15 37 (6.64%) Spring Boot
16 28 (5.03%) .NET Core
16 28 (5.03%) Hibernate
17 26 (4.67%) ActiveMQ
17 26 (4.67%) Swagger
18 25 (4.49%) GraphQL
Miscellaneous
1 39 (7.00%) Greenfield Project
2 24 (4.31%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
3 23 (4.13%) Analytical Skills
4 22 (3.95%) User Experience
5 20 (3.59%) Fixed Income
5 20 (3.59%) Mobile App
6 16 (2.87%) Derivative
7 15 (2.69%) Public Cloud
8 13 (2.33%) Equities
9 10 (1.80%) Cloud Native
10 9 (1.62%) Data Structures
11 8 (1.44%) Client/Server
12 7 (1.26%) Algorithms
12 7 (1.26%) Management Information System
13 5 (0.90%) Hedge funds
13 5 (0.90%) NHS
13 5 (0.90%) Self-Motivation
13 5 (0.90%) Virtual Team
14 4 (0.72%) Enterprise Software
14 4 (0.72%) OTC Derivatives
Operating Systems
1 48 (8.62%) Linux
1 48 (8.62%) Unix
2 26 (4.67%) Mac OS X
3 17 (3.05%) Android
4 10 (1.80%) Windows
5 8 (1.44%) Apple iOS
6 1 (0.18%) CoreOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 425 (76.30%) Agile Software Development
2 422 (75.76%) TDD
3 214 (38.42%) Test Automation
4 182 (32.68%) Microservices
5 144 (25.85%) Scrum
6 127 (22.80%) DevOps
7 96 (17.24%) Pair Programming
8 83 (14.90%) Continuous Integration
9 71 (12.75%) Software Engineering
10 59 (10.59%) MVC
11 58 (10.41%) Kanban
12 52 (9.34%) Problem-Solving
13 50 (8.98%) Scenario Testing
14 49 (8.80%) Continuous Delivery
15 48 (8.62%) SDLC
16 47 (8.44%) Open Source
17 43 (7.72%) E-Commerce
18 41 (7.36%) Acceptance Criteria
18 41 (7.36%) Integration Testing
19 40 (7.18%) Web Development
Programming Languages
1 276 (49.55%) Java
2 143 (25.67%) JavaScript
3 105 (18.85%) SQL
4 100 (17.95%) C#
5 86 (15.44%) Java 8
6 79 (14.18%) Python
7 47 (8.44%) TypeScript
8 29 (5.21%) Scala
9 13 (2.33%) Ruby
10 11 (1.97%) ES6
10 11 (1.97%) Groovy
11 8 (1.44%) Kotlin
11 8 (1.44%) Shell Script
11 8 (1.44%) T-SQL
12 7 (1.26%) PowerShell
12 7 (1.26%) VB
12 7 (1.26%) VBA
13 6 (1.08%) C++
13 6 (1.08%) PHP
14 3 (0.54%) Go
Qualifications
1 121 (21.72%) Security Cleared
2 90 (16.16%) SC Cleared
3 18 (3.23%) Degree
3 18 (3.23%) DV Cleared
4 11 (1.97%) ISTQB
5 8 (1.44%) ISEB
6 7 (1.26%) Numerate Degree
7 5 (0.90%) BPSS Clearance
8 3 (0.54%) Computer Science Degree
8 3 (0.54%) DBS Check
9 2 (0.36%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
9 2 (0.36%) Master's Degree
10 1 (0.18%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 82 (14.72%) QA
2 6 (1.08%) PMO
3 5 (0.90%) Data Quality
3 5 (0.90%) GDPR
4 3 (0.54%) EMIR
4 3 (0.54%) MiFID
5 1 (0.18%) ISO 20022
5 1 (0.18%) PSD2
5 1 (0.18%) SEPA
System Software
1 129 (23.16%) Docker
2 3 (0.54%) vSphere
3 2 (0.36%) Postfix
4 1 (0.18%) HDFS
4 1 (0.18%) VMware Infrastructure
Systems Management
1 103 (18.49%) Kubernetes
2 25 (4.49%) Terraform
3 13 (2.33%) Ansible
4 3 (0.54%) Grafana
4 3 (0.54%) Opscode Chef
5 2 (0.36%) HP ALM
5 2 (0.36%) Mesos
5 2 (0.36%) Puppet
6 1 (0.18%) Control-M
6 1 (0.18%) Hadoop YARN
6 1 (0.18%) Kibana
6 1 (0.18%) Marathon
6 1 (0.18%) NetIQ Identity Manager
Vendors
1 20 (3.59%) Microsoft
2 19 (3.41%) Google
3 17 (3.05%) Atlassian
4 13 (2.33%) Oracle
5 11 (1.97%) Sybase
6 9 (1.62%) Murex
7 7 (1.26%) Splunk
8 5 (0.90%) hybris
8 5 (0.90%) SAP
9 4 (0.72%) IBM
9 4 (0.72%) Salesforce.com
10 3 (0.54%) DevExpress
10 3 (0.54%) Informatica
10 3 (0.54%) VMware
11 2 (0.36%) Ariba
11 2 (0.36%) HP
11 2 (0.36%) Tableau
12 1 (0.18%) Apple
12 1 (0.18%) Calypso
12 1 (0.18%) TIBCO