Period
to 7 March 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for BDD skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited BDD over the 6 months to 7 March 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Behaviour-Driven Development (BDD)
England > London
6 months to
7 Mar 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 67 66 47
Rank change year-on-year -1 -19 -8
Contract jobs citing BDD 711 942 2,196
As % of all contract jobs advertised in London 3.58% 3.46% 5.11%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 4.01% 3.94% 5.74%
Number of daily rates quoted 648 780 1,791
Median daily rate £550 £550 £525
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +4.76% +4.84%
10th Percentile £400 £412 £406
90th Percentile £650 £675 £650
England median daily rate £525 £523 £505
% change year-on-year +0.48% +3.47% +6.32%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1 1 0
Median hourly rate £42.00 £59.00 -
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -28.81% - -
England median hourly rate £58.00 £46.50 -
% change year-on-year +24.73% - -

BDD is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 17,715 23,922 38,269
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 89.09% 87.84% 88.98%
Number of daily rates quoted 12,683 17,402 27,806
Median daily rate £513 £520 £513
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -1.44% +1.46% +2.50%
10th Percentile £328 £320 £325
90th Percentile £700 £699 £675
England median daily rate £475 £475 £475
Number of hourly rates quoted 177 294 384
Median hourly rate £35.00 £25.00 £22.14
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +40.00% +12.91% -1.59%
10th Percentile £17.90 £12.44 £12.50
90th Percentile £66.50 £54.93 £47.25
Median hourly rate £25.50 £21.05 £22.00
% change year-on-year +21.14% -4.32% -2.22%

BDD
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing BDD as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for BDD in London

BDD
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing BDD in London.

Daily rate trend for BDD in London

BDD
Daily Rate Histogram in London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing BDD in London over the 6 months to 7 March 2021.

Daily rate histogram for BDD in London

BDD
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing BDD in London.

Hourly rate trend for BDD in London

BDD
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing BDD within the London region over the 6 months to 7 March 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London +6 95 £575 +4.55% 73
South London +15 24 £445 -13.17% 4
West London +10 19 £575 +4.55% 47
East London +15 7 £538 -2.27% 9
BDD
England

For the 6 months to 7 March 2021, IT contractor jobs citing BDD also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for BDD.

1 551 (77.50%) TDD
2 488 (68.64%) Agile Software Development
3 389 (54.71%) Java
4 238 (33.47%) Microservices
5 216 (30.38%) Test Automation
6 190 (26.72%) DevOps
7 177 (24.89%) Azure
8 172 (24.19%) SQL
9 168 (23.63%) Scrum
10 162 (22.78%) Finance
11 159 (22.36%) JavaScript
11 159 (22.36%) Git (software)
12 145 (20.39%) Spring
13 141 (19.83%) Banking
14 138 (19.41%) C#
14 138 (19.41%) Docker
15 134 (18.85%) Jenkins
16 133 (18.71%) AWS
17 130 (18.28%) REST
18 127 (17.86%) Cucumber
19 126 (17.72%) Kubernetes
20 120 (16.88%) .NET
21 110 (15.47%) Software Engineering
22 105 (14.77%) JIRA
23 102 (14.35%) Java 8
24 93 (13.08%) Python
25 90 (12.66%) QA
26 89 (12.52%) Selenium
26 89 (12.52%) Continuous Integration
27 86 (12.10%) AngularJS

BDD
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 51 (7.17%) Confluence
2 44 (6.19%) Apache Spark
3 19 (2.67%) JBoss
4 16 (2.25%) NServiceBus
5 15 (2.11%) Mule
6 13 (1.83%) Red Hat Fuse
7 12 (1.69%) WebSphere
8 9 (1.27%) Apache
9 8 (1.13%) Tomcat
10 7 (0.98%) Jetty
11 6 (0.84%) Apache Airflow
11 6 (0.84%) SharePoint
12 5 (0.70%) Elasticsearch
13 4 (0.56%) BizTalk Server
13 4 (0.56%) Cloud Foundry
13 4 (0.56%) Oracle Coherence
13 4 (0.56%) WebLogic
14 3 (0.42%) Camunda
14 3 (0.42%) CMS
14 3 (0.42%) Jupyter
Applications
1 3 (0.42%) Microsoft Office
1 3 (0.42%) MS Visio
2 2 (0.28%) Photoshop
2 2 (0.28%) Sketch
3 1 (0.14%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 4 (0.56%) Distributed Ledger
1 4 (0.56%) SAP Hybris
2 2 (0.28%) Summit
3 1 (0.14%) Dynamics AX
3 1 (0.14%) Dynamics CRM
3 1 (0.14%) thinkFolio
Cloud Services
1 177 (24.89%) Azure
2 133 (18.71%) AWS
3 61 (8.58%) GCP
4 47 (6.61%) Serverless
5 25 (3.52%) GitHub
6 21 (2.95%) Cloud Computing
7 19 (2.67%) Logic Apps
8 18 (2.53%) Azure Functions
8 18 (2.53%) OpenShift
9 16 (2.25%) Power Platform
10 15 (2.11%) SaaS
11 13 (1.83%) PowerApps
12 12 (1.69%) AWS Lambda
12 12 (1.69%) Power Automate
13 10 (1.41%) IaaS
14 9 (1.27%) PaaS
15 8 (1.13%) Amazon S3
16 7 (0.98%) Azure Data Factory
17 6 (0.84%) Slack
18 5 (0.70%) BrowserStack
Communications & Networking
1 20 (2.81%) HTTP
2 6 (0.84%) Internet
3 5 (0.70%) TCP/IP
4 3 (0.42%) Broadband
5 2 (0.28%) DNS
5 2 (0.28%) FTP
5 2 (0.28%) SSL
6 1 (0.14%) Ethernet
6 1 (0.14%) Kerberos
6 1 (0.14%) LAN
6 1 (0.14%) WAN
6 1 (0.14%) Wireshark
Database & Business Intelligence
1 73 (10.27%) SQL Server
2 61 (8.58%) NoSQL
3 48 (6.75%) Hadoop
4 38 (5.34%) MongoDB
5 32 (4.50%) MySQL
6 28 (3.94%) Relational Database
7 27 (3.80%) PostgreSQL
8 25 (3.52%) Data Warehouse
9 19 (2.67%) Azure SQL Database
10 18 (2.53%) Cloud Spanner
11 17 (2.39%) BigQuery
12 14 (1.97%) Apache Cassandra
12 14 (1.97%) Redis
13 13 (1.83%) Bigtable
13 13 (1.83%) OLTP
14 10 (1.41%) Hazelcast
14 10 (1.41%) Tableau
15 8 (1.13%) Big Data
15 8 (1.13%) Data Mart
15 8 (1.13%) SQL Server Integration Services
Development Applications
1 159 (22.36%) Git (software)
2 134 (18.85%) Jenkins
3 127 (17.86%) Cucumber
4 105 (14.77%) JIRA
5 89 (12.52%) Selenium
6 73 (10.27%) Maven
7 56 (7.88%) JUnit
8 32 (4.50%) SpecFlow
9 29 (4.08%) webpack
10 28 (3.94%) Mockito
10 28 (3.94%) Postman
11 24 (3.38%) Atlassian Bamboo
11 24 (3.38%) Subversion
12 23 (3.23%) Cypress.io
12 23 (3.23%) Gradle
13 22 (3.09%) REST Assured
14 19 (2.67%) Jasmine
15 18 (2.53%) GitLab
15 18 (2.53%) Octopus Deploy
15 18 (2.53%) SoapUI
General
1 162 (22.78%) Finance
2 141 (19.83%) Banking
3 79 (11.11%) Front Office
4 59 (8.30%) Investment Banking
5 34 (4.78%) Public Sector
6 14 (1.97%) Financial Institution
6 14 (1.97%) Retail
7 10 (1.41%) Retail Banking
8 8 (1.13%) Games
9 7 (0.98%) Advertising
10 5 (0.70%) Legal
11 4 (0.56%) Telecoms
12 3 (0.42%) Pharmaceutical
13 2 (0.28%) Back Office
13 2 (0.28%) Manufacturing
13 2 (0.28%) Marketing
13 2 (0.28%) Military
13 2 (0.28%) Multimedia
13 2 (0.28%) Police
14 1 (0.14%) Prime Brokerage
Job Titles
1 427 (60.06%) Developer
2 192 (27.00%) Java Developer
3 95 (13.36%) Senior Developer
4 53 (7.45%) Java Engineer
5 48 (6.75%) .NET Developer
5 48 (6.75%) Senior Java Developer
6 42 (5.91%) Analyst
6 42 (5.91%) Tester
7 38 (5.34%) C# Developer
8 35 (4.92%) React Developer
9 30 (4.22%) Full Stack Developer
10 28 (3.94%) Scala Developer
11 26 (3.66%) Business Analyst
11 26 (3.66%) QA Engineer
12 22 (3.09%) DevOps Engineer
13 21 (2.95%) Python Developer
14 20 (2.81%) Automation Engineer
14 20 (2.81%) Automation Tester
15 19 (2.67%) JavaScript Developer
15 19 (2.67%) QA Automation Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 145 (20.39%) Spring
2 130 (18.28%) REST
3 120 (16.88%) .NET
4 86 (12.10%) AngularJS
5 84 (11.81%) Spring Boot
6 83 (11.67%) RESTful
7 79 (11.11%) Web Services
8 78 (10.97%) HTML
9 77 (10.83%) React
10 76 (10.69%) CSS
11 74 (10.41%) Node.js
12 55 (7.74%) .NET Core
13 54 (7.59%) Kafka
13 54 (7.59%) Redux
14 48 (6.75%) HTML5
15 39 (5.49%) SOAP
16 38 (5.34%) Gherkin
17 33 (4.64%) Hibernate
18 31 (4.36%) XML
19 30 (4.22%) Middleware
Miscellaneous
1 51 (7.17%) Greenfield Project
2 49 (6.89%) User Experience
3 42 (5.91%) Analytical Skills
4 37 (5.20%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
5 25 (3.52%) Fixed Income
6 23 (3.23%) Data Structures
7 17 (2.39%) Mobile App
7 17 (2.39%) Self-Motivation
8 16 (2.25%) Cloud Native
8 16 (2.25%) Derivative
9 15 (2.11%) Enterprise Software
9 15 (2.11%) Virtual Team
10 11 (1.55%) Algorithms
10 11 (1.55%) Equities
11 10 (1.41%) Management Information System
12 6 (0.84%) Reference Data
12 6 (0.84%) SWIFT
13 5 (0.70%) Market Risk
13 5 (0.70%) Public Cloud
14 4 (0.56%) PlayStation
Operating Systems
1 57 (8.02%) Unix
2 53 (7.45%) Linux
3 19 (2.67%) Android
4 14 (1.97%) Apple iOS
5 8 (1.13%) Mac OS X
6 6 (0.84%) Windows
7 4 (0.56%) Mac OS
8 2 (0.28%) CentOS
8 2 (0.28%) Ubuntu
9 1 (0.14%) Solaris
9 1 (0.14%) Tizen
9 1 (0.14%) webOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 551 (77.50%) TDD
2 488 (68.64%) Agile Software Development
3 238 (33.47%) Microservices
4 216 (30.38%) Test Automation
5 190 (26.72%) DevOps
6 168 (23.63%) Scrum
7 110 (15.47%) Software Engineering
8 89 (12.52%) Continuous Integration
9 67 (9.42%) Continuous Delivery
10 56 (7.88%) Computer Science
10 56 (7.88%) OO
10 56 (7.88%) Problem-Solving
11 53 (7.45%) Unit Testing
11 53 (7.45%) User Stories
12 48 (6.75%) Pair Programming
13 47 (6.61%) Domain-Driven Design
14 46 (6.47%) Acceptance Criteria
15 45 (6.33%) Fintech
15 45 (6.33%) SDLC
16 41 (5.77%) Multithreading
Programming Languages
1 389 (54.71%) Java
2 172 (24.19%) SQL
3 159 (22.36%) JavaScript
4 138 (19.41%) C#
5 102 (14.35%) Java 8
6 93 (13.08%) Python
7 76 (10.69%) Scala
8 36 (5.06%) TypeScript
9 29 (4.08%) Kotlin
10 24 (3.38%) PowerShell
11 21 (2.95%) ES6
11 21 (2.95%) Ruby
12 20 (2.81%) Go
13 19 (2.67%) T-SQL
14 13 (1.83%) Shell Script
15 8 (1.13%) PHP
15 8 (1.13%) PL/SQL
16 7 (0.98%) C++
17 6 (0.84%) C
18 4 (0.56%) Apple Swift
Qualifications
1 65 (9.14%) Security Cleared
2 56 (7.88%) SC Cleared
3 41 (5.77%) Degree
4 27 (3.80%) Numerate Degree
5 7 (0.98%) ISTQB
6 6 (0.84%) ISEB
7 5 (0.70%) BPSS Clearance
7 5 (0.70%) DV Cleared
8 4 (0.56%) Computer Science Degree
9 2 (0.28%) DBS Check
10 1 (0.14%) AWS Certification
10 1 (0.14%) HNC
10 1 (0.14%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 90 (12.66%) QA
2 8 (1.13%) MiFID
3 6 (0.84%) WCAG
4 5 (0.70%) TARGET2
5 4 (0.56%) ISO 20022
5 4 (0.56%) PSD2
6 3 (0.42%) PMO
7 1 (0.14%) GDPR
System Software
1 138 (19.41%) Docker
2 2 (0.28%) KVM
3 1 (0.14%) HDFS
3 1 (0.14%) Virtual Machines
Systems Management
1 126 (17.72%) Kubernetes
2 35 (4.92%) Terraform
3 18 (2.53%) Ansible
4 7 (0.98%) Grafana
4 7 (0.98%) Puppet
5 6 (0.84%) Prometheus
6 5 (0.70%) Rancher
7 4 (0.56%) HP ALM
7 4 (0.56%) HP Quality Center
8 3 (0.42%) Opscode Chef
9 2 (0.28%) Docker Swarm
9 2 (0.28%) Single Sign-On
10 1 (0.14%) Consul
10 1 (0.14%) Hadoop YARN
Vendors
1 37 (5.20%) Microsoft
2 35 (4.92%) Google
3 23 (3.23%) Oracle
4 19 (2.67%) Sybase
5 16 (2.25%) Atlassian
6 10 (1.41%) Murex
7 9 (1.27%) MuleSoft
8 7 (0.98%) HP
8 7 (0.98%) IBM
9 6 (0.84%) hybris
9 6 (0.84%) Splunk
10 5 (0.70%) Adobe
10 5 (0.70%) Confluent
10 5 (0.70%) SAP
11 4 (0.56%) Cloudera
11 4 (0.56%) Talend
11 4 (0.56%) TIBCO
11 4 (0.56%) webMethods
12 3 (0.42%) Hortonworks
12 3 (0.42%) Salesforce.com