Period
to 1 April 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for BDD skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited BDD over the 6 months to 1 April 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Behaviour-Driven Development (BDD)
England > London
6 months to
1 Apr 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 65 46 41
Rank change year-on-year -19 -5 +8
Contract jobs citing BDD 898 2,134 2,549
As % of all contract jobs advertised in London 3.53% 5.02% 5.47%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 4.03% 5.65% 6.20%
Number of daily rates quoted 732 1,699 2,123
Median daily rate £550 £525 £513
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +4.76% +2.44% +5.13%
10th Percentile £413 £406 £375
90th Percentile £675 £650 £625
England median daily rate £525 £500 £475
% change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% +2.70%
Number of hourly rates quoted 8 3 0
Median hourly rate £49.50 £35.00 -
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +41.43% - -
England median hourly rate £35.00 £35.00 £47.50
% change year-on-year - -26.32% +3.41%

BDD is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 22,288 37,779 41,108
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 87.72% 88.88% 88.29%
Number of daily rates quoted 15,589 27,017 29,697
Median daily rate £520 £513 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +1.46% +2.50% +5.26%
10th Percentile £325 £325 £313
90th Percentile £700 £675 £675
England median daily rate £475 £475 £463
% change year-on-year - +2.70% +5.11%
Number of hourly rates quoted 352 411 552
Median hourly rate £35.00 £26.50 £24.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +32.08% +10.42% -4.00%
10th Percentile £14.55 £12.76 £14.00
90th Percentile £61.23 £53.75 £50.00
Median hourly rate £25.00 £24.50 £23.50
% change year-on-year +2.04% +4.26% -6.00%

BDD
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing BDD as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for BDD in London

BDD
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing BDD in London.

Daily rate trend for BDD in London

BDD
Daily Rate Histogram in London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing BDD in London over the 6 months to 1 April 2020.

Daily rate histogram for BDD in London

BDD
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing BDD in London.

Hourly rate trend for BDD in London

BDD
Hourly Rate Histogram in London

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing BDD in London over the 6 months to 1 April 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for BDD in London

BDD
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing BDD within the London region over the 6 months to 1 April 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London -20 175 £550 +2.33% 108
West London +9 51 £550 +10.00% 38
South London -4 51 £513 +2.50% 8
East London -10 19 £550 - 14
BDD
England

For the 6 months to 1 April 2020, IT contractor jobs citing BDD also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for BDD.

1 727 (80.96%) TDD
2 663 (73.83%) Agile Software Development
3 384 (42.76%) Java
4 284 (31.63%) Microservices
5 280 (31.18%) JavaScript
6 242 (26.95%) Scrum
6 242 (26.95%) Test Automation
7 208 (23.16%) C#
8 185 (20.60%) AWS
9 183 (20.38%) Jenkins
10 173 (19.27%) DevOps
11 172 (19.15%) .NET
12 166 (18.49%) Azure
13 160 (17.82%) Continuous Integration
14 156 (17.37%) React
15 155 (17.26%) Pair Programming
16 151 (16.82%) Docker
17 146 (16.26%) AngularJS
18 145 (16.15%) REST
19 143 (15.92%) SQL
20 141 (15.70%) Finance
20 141 (15.70%) Git (software)
21 137 (15.26%) Spring
22 135 (15.03%) Banking
23 133 (14.81%) JIRA
24 130 (14.48%) QA
25 129 (14.37%) Java 8
26 127 (14.14%) Kanban
27 114 (12.69%) MVC
28 113 (12.58%) HTML

BDD
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 61 (6.79%) Confluence
2 30 (3.34%) Elasticsearch
3 23 (2.56%) Apache Spark
4 12 (1.34%) Apache
5 11 (1.22%) IIS
6 7 (0.78%) Tomcat
7 6 (0.67%) Cloud Foundry
8 4 (0.45%) Apache Airflow
9 3 (0.33%) SharePoint
9 3 (0.33%) WordPress
10 2 (0.22%) Adobe Experience Manager
10 2 (0.22%) NServiceBus
10 2 (0.22%) Umbraco
11 1 (0.11%) Anypoint
11 1 (0.11%) Camunda
11 1 (0.11%) CMS
11 1 (0.11%) Jupyter
11 1 (0.11%) Mule
11 1 (0.11%) nginx
11 1 (0.11%) WebSphere
Applications
1 10 (1.11%) Microsoft Excel
2 6 (0.67%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 5 (0.56%) MS Visio
4 4 (0.45%) Microsoft Office
5 2 (0.22%) Zeplin
Business Applications
1 4 (0.45%) BusinessWorks
2 3 (0.33%) Oracle BPM
3 1 (0.11%) Endur
3 1 (0.11%) ION MarketView
3 1 (0.11%) Magento
3 1 (0.11%) Payment Gateway
3 1 (0.11%) Shopify
Cloud Services
1 185 (20.60%) AWS
2 166 (18.49%) Azure
3 59 (6.57%) GitHub
4 40 (4.45%) GCP
5 20 (2.23%) Amazon EC2
6 17 (1.89%) Serverless
7 14 (1.56%) SaaS
8 12 (1.34%) AWS Lambda
8 12 (1.34%) Sauce Labs
9 11 (1.22%) AWS CloudFormation
10 9 (1.00%) Apigee
10 9 (1.00%) Azure Data Factory
10 9 (1.00%) OpenShift
11 8 (0.89%) Amazon S3
11 8 (0.89%) Amazon SQS
11 8 (0.89%) npm
12 6 (0.67%) Amazon ECS
13 5 (0.56%) CloudFront
13 5 (0.56%) PaaS
13 5 (0.56%) Yarn
Communications & Networking
1 31 (3.45%) HTTP
2 15 (1.67%) Internet
3 6 (0.67%) DNS
3 6 (0.67%) FTP
3 6 (0.67%) SSL
3 6 (0.67%) TCP/IP
4 4 (0.45%) HTTPS
5 2 (0.22%) DSL
6 1 (0.11%) Kerberos
6 1 (0.11%) Skype
6 1 (0.11%) SSH
6 1 (0.11%) Wireshark
Database & Business Intelligence
1 87 (9.69%) SQL Server
2 61 (6.79%) MongoDB
3 58 (6.46%) NoSQL
4 48 (5.35%) PostgreSQL
5 36 (4.01%) MySQL
6 34 (3.79%) Relational Database
7 27 (3.01%) Big Data
8 17 (1.89%) Apache Cassandra
9 16 (1.78%) Amazon DynamoDB
9 16 (1.78%) Data Lake
9 16 (1.78%) RDBMS
10 15 (1.67%) Hadoop
11 11 (1.22%) Cosmos DB
11 11 (1.22%) HBase
12 8 (0.89%) Amazon RDS
12 8 (0.89%) Data Warehouse
13 7 (0.78%) SQL Server Integration Services
14 6 (0.67%) BigQuery
14 6 (0.67%) KDB
14 6 (0.67%) Oracle Database
Development Applications
1 183 (20.38%) Jenkins
2 141 (15.70%) Git (software)
3 133 (14.81%) JIRA
4 112 (12.47%) Cucumber
5 96 (10.69%) Selenium
6 61 (6.79%) JUnit
7 51 (5.68%) Maven
8 50 (5.57%) SpecFlow
9 42 (4.68%) TeamCity
10 39 (4.34%) Mockito
11 38 (4.23%) WebDriver
12 36 (4.01%) Octopus Deploy
13 35 (3.90%) Team Foundation Server
14 30 (3.34%) Gradle
15 27 (3.01%) Postman
16 25 (2.78%) SonarQube
16 25 (2.78%) Visual Studio Team System
17 22 (2.45%) GitLab
18 21 (2.34%) Protractor
19 20 (2.23%) Bitbucket
General
1 141 (15.70%) Finance
2 135 (15.03%) Banking
3 60 (6.68%) Front Office
4 39 (4.34%) Public Sector
5 34 (3.79%) Retail
6 26 (2.90%) Marketing
7 25 (2.78%) Investment Banking
8 8 (0.89%) Military
9 7 (0.78%) Law
9 7 (0.78%) Telecoms
10 6 (0.67%) Financial Institution
11 5 (0.56%) Legal
12 4 (0.45%) Games
12 4 (0.45%) Retail Banking
13 2 (0.22%) Advertising
13 2 (0.22%) Back Office
13 2 (0.22%) Local Government
14 1 (0.11%) Corporate Banking
14 1 (0.11%) Pharmaceutical
14 1 (0.11%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 631 (70.27%) Developer
2 204 (22.72%) Java Developer
3 141 (15.70%) Senior Developer
4 84 (9.35%) C# Developer
5 83 (9.24%) React Developer
6 71 (7.91%) .NET Developer
7 50 (5.57%) Full Stack Developer
8 48 (5.35%) Analyst
9 46 (5.12%) Senior Java Developer
10 43 (4.79%) AWS Developer
11 42 (4.68%) JavaScript Developer
11 42 (4.68%) Tester
12 39 (4.34%) Software Developer
13 38 (4.23%) Angular Developer
13 38 (4.23%) Scala Developer
14 37 (4.12%) Automation Tester
15 30 (3.34%) Business Analyst
16 28 (3.12%) Python Developer
17 24 (2.67%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
18 23 (2.56%) Test Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 172 (19.15%) .NET
2 156 (17.37%) React
3 146 (16.26%) AngularJS
4 145 (16.15%) REST
5 137 (15.26%) Spring
6 113 (12.58%) HTML
7 107 (11.92%) CSS
8 105 (11.69%) Web Services
9 100 (11.14%) Node.js
9 100 (11.14%) RESTful
10 98 (10.91%) Redux
11 96 (10.69%) Kafka
12 93 (10.36%) Spring Boot
13 90 (10.02%) SOAP
14 59 (6.57%) .NET Core
15 58 (6.46%) JSON
16 50 (5.57%) WCF
17 46 (5.12%) HTML5
18 45 (5.01%) Spring Cloud
19 41 (4.57%) XML
Miscellaneous
1 85 (9.47%) Greenfield Project
2 65 (7.24%) Analytical Skills
3 47 (5.23%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
4 40 (4.45%) Mobile App
5 38 (4.23%) User Experience
6 20 (2.23%) Derivative
7 18 (2.00%) Data Structures
8 17 (1.89%) Algorithms
9 15 (1.67%) Equities
10 13 (1.45%) Fixed Income
11 11 (1.22%) Enterprise Software
12 9 (1.00%) Cloud Native
12 9 (1.00%) NHS
13 8 (0.89%) Management Information System
13 8 (0.89%) Public Cloud
13 8 (0.89%) Virtual Team
14 6 (0.67%) Grid Computing
15 5 (0.56%) Client/Server
15 5 (0.56%) Credit Risk
15 5 (0.56%) Hedge funds
Operating Systems
1 66 (7.35%) Android
2 52 (5.79%) Linux
3 42 (4.68%) Apple iOS
4 31 (3.45%) Unix
5 21 (2.34%) Mac OS X
6 9 (1.00%) Windows
7 1 (0.11%) CoreOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 727 (80.96%) TDD
2 663 (73.83%) Agile Software Development
3 284 (31.63%) Microservices
4 242 (26.95%) Scrum
4 242 (26.95%) Test Automation
5 173 (19.27%) DevOps
6 160 (17.82%) Continuous Integration
7 155 (17.26%) Pair Programming
8 127 (14.14%) Kanban
9 114 (12.69%) MVC
10 102 (11.36%) Software Engineering
11 73 (8.13%) Acceptance Criteria
11 73 (8.13%) Problem-Solving
12 67 (7.46%) Continuous Delivery
13 63 (7.02%) Unit Testing
14 61 (6.79%) OO
14 61 (6.79%) User Stories
15 59 (6.57%) SOLID
16 57 (6.35%) E-Commerce
17 51 (5.68%) Fintech
Programming Languages
1 384 (42.76%) Java
2 280 (31.18%) JavaScript
3 208 (23.16%) C#
4 143 (15.92%) SQL
5 129 (14.37%) Java 8
6 97 (10.80%) Python
7 69 (7.68%) TypeScript
8 47 (5.23%) Scala
9 32 (3.56%) Kotlin
10 29 (3.23%) Groovy
11 27 (3.01%) ES6
12 26 (2.90%) Ruby
13 22 (2.45%) PowerShell
14 18 (2.00%) PHP
15 13 (1.45%) C
15 13 (1.45%) C++
15 13 (1.45%) T-SQL
16 12 (1.34%) Apple Swift
17 8 (0.89%) Go
18 7 (0.78%) Haskell
Qualifications
1 84 (9.35%) Security Cleared
2 70 (7.80%) SC Cleared
3 26 (2.90%) Degree
4 20 (2.23%) ISTQB
5 16 (1.78%) DV Cleared
6 12 (1.34%) ISEB
7 5 (0.56%) BPSS Clearance
8 3 (0.33%) Computer Science Degree
9 2 (0.22%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
9 2 (0.22%) Master's Degree
10 1 (0.11%) AWS Certification
10 1 (0.11%) DBS Check
10 1 (0.11%) IIBA
10 1 (0.11%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
10 1 (0.11%) Numerate Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 130 (14.48%) QA
2 7 (0.78%) GDPR
3 5 (0.56%) PMO
4 2 (0.22%) EMIR
4 2 (0.22%) MiFID
5 1 (0.11%) Disclosure Scotland
5 1 (0.11%) ISO 20022
5 1 (0.11%) PSD2
5 1 (0.11%) SEPA
System Software
1 151 (16.82%) Docker
2 7 (0.78%) VMware Infrastructure
2 7 (0.78%) vSphere
3 6 (0.67%) Postfix
4 5 (0.56%) HDFS
5 1 (0.11%) Varnish
Systems Management
1 90 (10.02%) Kubernetes
2 27 (3.01%) Terraform
3 24 (2.67%) Ansible
4 10 (1.11%) Puppet
5 7 (0.78%) Opscode Chef
6 5 (0.56%) Docker Swarm
6 5 (0.56%) MIIS
7 4 (0.45%) Control-M
7 4 (0.45%) Grafana
8 3 (0.33%) Hadoop YARN
8 3 (0.33%) Mesos
8 3 (0.33%) Prometheus
9 2 (0.22%) Istio
10 1 (0.11%) Kibana
10 1 (0.11%) Marathon
Vendors
1 36 (4.01%) Microsoft
2 35 (3.90%) Google
3 27 (3.01%) Oracle
4 10 (1.11%) Atlassian
5 8 (0.89%) IBM
6 7 (0.78%) VMware
7 6 (0.67%) Apple
8 5 (0.56%) SAP
9 4 (0.45%) BMC
9 4 (0.45%) Cadence
9 4 (0.45%) TIBCO
9 4 (0.45%) Zend
10 3 (0.33%) MuleSoft
10 3 (0.33%) Salesforce.com
11 2 (0.22%) Adobe
11 2 (0.22%) DevExpress
11 2 (0.22%) hybris
11 2 (0.22%) ION Trading
11 2 (0.22%) Splunk
12 1 (0.11%) Foundry