Period
to 25 September 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for BDD skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited BDD over the 6 months to 25 September 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Behaviour-Driven Development (BDD)
England > London
6 months to
25 Sep 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 94 73 61
Rank change year-on-year -21 -12 -16
Contract jobs citing BDD 937 471 1,569
As % of all contract jobs advertised in London 2.77% 3.51% 4.06%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 3.04% 3.93% 4.56%
Number of daily rates quoted 721 339 1,220
10th Percentile £413 £370 £406
25th Percentile £475 £450 £463
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £565 £550 £550
Median % change year-on-year +2.73% - +7.32%
75th Percentile £638 £625 £613
90th Percentile £700 £668 £675
England median daily rate £525 £510 £513
% change year-on-year +2.94% -0.49% +2.50%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1 1 1
10th Percentile " " "
25th Percentile £25.25 £52.00 £10.25
Median hourly rate £25.50 £54.00 £10.50
Median % change year-on-year -52.78% +414.29% -41.67%
75th Percentile £25.75 £56.00 £10.75
90th Percentile " " "
England median hourly rate £65.50 £53.56 £10.50
% change year-on-year +22.29% +410.12% -61.82%

BDD is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 30,806 11,975 34,407
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 91.13% 89.37% 89.02%
Number of daily rates quoted 22,156 8,547 25,060
10th Percentile £363 £325 £325
25th Percentile £450 £413 £413
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £513 £513
Median % change year-on-year +7.32% -0.15% +2.65%
75th Percentile £650 £625 £600
90th Percentile £735 £713 £688
England median daily rate £513 £475 £475
% change year-on-year +7.84% +0.05% +2.70%
Number of hourly rates quoted 292 115 390
10th Percentile £14.38 £13.06 £12.04
25th Percentile £20.62 £19.49 £15.25
Median hourly rate £34.69 £33.50 £22.17
Median % change year-on-year +3.55% +51.14% +8.12%
75th Percentile £52.50 £45.88 £43.75
90th Percentile £66.43 £53.90 £53.00
England median hourly rate £24.27 £26.00 £22.97
% change year-on-year -6.65% +13.22% +17.77%

BDD
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing BDD as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for BDD in London

BDD
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing BDD in London.

Daily rate trend for BDD in London

BDD
Daily Rate Histogram in London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing BDD in London over the 6 months to 25 September 2021.

Daily rate histogram for BDD in London

BDD
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing BDD in London.

Hourly rate trend for BDD in London

BDD
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing BDD within the London region over the 6 months to 25 September 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London -4 149 £600 +9.09% 125
West London +12 38 £648 +20.75% 49
South London -27 13 £450 +6.19% 7
East London - 4 £650 - 15
BDD
England

For the 6 months to 25 September 2021, IT contractor jobs citing BDD also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for BDD.

1 761 (81.22%) TDD
2 698 (74.49%) Agile Software Development
3 482 (51.44%) Java
4 309 (32.98%) Test Automation
5 287 (30.63%) DevOps
6 285 (30.42%) Scrum
7 283 (30.20%) Microservices
8 249 (26.57%) Git (software)
9 237 (25.29%) Spring
10 233 (24.87%) Docker
11 231 (24.65%) JavaScript
12 221 (23.59%) Kubernetes
13 196 (20.92%) Cucumber
14 192 (20.49%) SQL
15 189 (20.17%) Finance
15 189 (20.17%) Continuous Integration
16 186 (19.85%) Azure
17 179 (19.10%) Jenkins
18 165 (17.61%) AWS
19 160 (17.08%) Pair Programming
20 158 (16.86%) JIRA
21 157 (16.76%) Banking
22 153 (16.33%) React
22 153 (16.33%) Social Skills
23 143 (15.26%) Spring Boot
24 139 (14.83%) C#
25 134 (14.30%) Python
26 132 (14.09%) REST
27 131 (13.98%) Software Engineering
28 130 (13.87%) Selenium

BDD
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 75 (8.00%) Confluence
2 35 (3.74%) Apache Spark
3 30 (3.20%) Elasticsearch
4 28 (2.99%) JBoss
5 22 (2.35%) Mule
6 19 (2.03%) Red Hat Fuse
7 13 (1.39%) Apache
7 13 (1.39%) Tomcat
8 12 (1.28%) SharePoint
9 10 (1.07%) Oracle Coherence
9 10 (1.07%) WebSphere
10 7 (0.75%) Jetty
10 7 (0.75%) nginx
10 7 (0.75%) OpenStack
11 6 (0.64%) Apache Airflow
12 5 (0.53%) Cloud Foundry
12 5 (0.53%) CMS
13 4 (0.43%) Adobe Experience Manager
13 4 (0.43%) Drupal
13 4 (0.43%) WebLogic
Applications
1 7 (0.75%) Microsoft Excel
2 3 (0.32%) Microsoft Office
3 2 (0.21%) Chatbot
3 2 (0.21%) Mingle
4 1 (0.11%) Figma
4 1 (0.11%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 1 (0.11%) Microsoft Project
4 1 (0.11%) Photoshop
4 1 (0.11%) Zeplin
Business Applications
1 7 (0.75%) Salesforce.com CRM
2 3 (0.32%) Magento
3 2 (0.21%) Adobe Campaign
3 2 (0.21%) Oracle Cash Management
3 2 (0.21%) Shopify
4 1 (0.11%) BusinessWorks
4 1 (0.11%) Distributed Ledger
4 1 (0.11%) Dynamics CRM
4 1 (0.11%) Endur
4 1 (0.11%) Oracle BPM
4 1 (0.11%) Oracle ERP
4 1 (0.11%) Oracle General Ledger
4 1 (0.11%) Oracle Payables
4 1 (0.11%) Oracle Receivables
4 1 (0.11%) Payment Gateway
4 1 (0.11%) RMDS
4 1 (0.11%) SAP S/4HANA
Cloud Services
1 186 (19.85%) Azure
2 165 (17.61%) AWS
3 49 (5.23%) GCP
4 48 (5.12%) Serverless
5 39 (4.16%) GitHub
6 22 (2.35%) PaaS
7 19 (2.03%) AWS Lambda
8 16 (1.71%) OpenShift
8 16 (1.71%) SaaS
9 15 (1.60%) Datadog
10 12 (1.28%) Amazon EC2
10 12 (1.28%) IaaS
10 12 (1.28%) npm
11 11 (1.17%) Apigee
11 11 (1.17%) Azure Data Factory
12 10 (1.07%) Amazon S3
13 9 (0.96%) Azure Active Directory
14 8 (0.85%) AWS CloudFormation
14 8 (0.85%) Azure Cosmos DB
15 7 (0.75%) Azure Functions
Communications & Networking
1 26 (2.77%) HTTP
2 7 (0.75%) Kerberos
3 3 (0.32%) Broadband
4 2 (0.21%) Internet
4 2 (0.21%) MQTT
4 2 (0.21%) SSL
4 2 (0.21%) TCP/IP
5 1 (0.11%) 2G
5 1 (0.11%) DNS
5 1 (0.11%) Firewall
5 1 (0.11%) Unified Communications
5 1 (0.11%) Wireshark
Database & Business Intelligence
1 88 (9.39%) NoSQL
2 73 (7.79%) MongoDB
3 63 (6.72%) SQL Server
4 54 (5.76%) Relational Database
5 44 (4.70%) MySQL
6 30 (3.20%) Big Data
6 30 (3.20%) Hadoop
7 24 (2.56%) Redis
8 23 (2.45%) PostgreSQL
9 18 (1.92%) Apache Cassandra
10 17 (1.81%) Data Lake
11 15 (1.60%) Data Warehouse
11 15 (1.60%) Tableau
12 14 (1.49%) BigQuery
13 13 (1.39%) Hazelcast
13 13 (1.39%) HBase
14 12 (1.28%) Oracle Database
15 10 (1.07%) Tableau Desktop
15 10 (1.07%) Tableau Server
16 9 (0.96%) Azure SQL Database
Development Applications
1 249 (26.57%) Git (software)
2 196 (20.92%) Cucumber
3 179 (19.10%) Jenkins
4 158 (16.86%) JIRA
5 130 (13.87%) Selenium
6 82 (8.75%) Maven
7 78 (8.32%) JUnit
8 60 (6.40%) Mockito
9 43 (4.59%) Gatling
10 41 (4.38%) SpecFlow
11 40 (4.27%) Subversion
11 40 (4.27%) WebDriver
12 38 (4.06%) Postman
13 31 (3.31%) TeamCity
14 28 (2.99%) Octopus Deploy
14 28 (2.99%) Team Foundation Server
15 27 (2.88%) Appium
16 24 (2.56%) jMock
17 23 (2.45%) Gradle
17 23 (2.45%) Mocha
General
1 189 (20.17%) Finance
2 157 (16.76%) Banking
3 153 (16.33%) Social Skills
4 58 (6.19%) Front Office
5 51 (5.44%) Analytical Skills
6 41 (4.38%) Investment Banking
7 23 (2.45%) Public Sector
8 21 (2.24%) Retail
9 20 (2.13%) Marketing
10 15 (1.60%) Presentation Skills
11 13 (1.39%) Telecoms
12 12 (1.28%) Documentation Skills
13 11 (1.17%) Back Office
14 8 (0.85%) Publishing
14 8 (0.85%) Retail Banking
15 7 (0.75%) Games
15 7 (0.75%) Influencing Skills
15 7 (0.75%) Legal
16 5 (0.53%) Electronics
16 5 (0.53%) Manufacturing
Job Titles
1 558 (59.55%) Developer
2 233 (24.87%) Java Developer
3 112 (11.95%) Senior Developer
4 64 (6.83%) Scala Developer
5 63 (6.72%) Full Stack Developer
6 57 (6.08%) Analyst
7 53 (5.66%) C# Developer
7 53 (5.66%) Tester
8 47 (5.02%) Test Engineer
9 42 (4.48%) React Developer
9 42 (4.48%) Senior Java Developer
10 40 (4.27%) Automation Tester
11 35 (3.74%) Software Engineer
12 34 (3.63%) .NET Developer
13 32 (3.42%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
14 28 (2.99%) Business Analyst
15 26 (2.77%) Java Engineer
16 23 (2.45%) Test Analyst
17 22 (2.35%) Data Engineer
17 22 (2.35%) Test Automation Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 237 (25.29%) Spring
2 153 (16.33%) React
3 143 (15.26%) Spring Boot
4 132 (14.09%) REST
5 127 (13.55%) RESTful
6 122 (13.02%) .NET
7 106 (11.31%) HTML
8 102 (10.89%) Node.js
9 101 (10.78%) AngularJS
9 101 (10.78%) CSS
10 98 (10.46%) Kafka
10 98 (10.46%) Web Services
11 75 (8.00%) Gherkin
12 62 (6.62%) GraphQL
13 54 (5.76%) Hibernate
14 48 (5.12%) Akka
14 48 (5.12%) HTML5
15 45 (4.80%) JSON
15 45 (4.80%) Redux
16 36 (3.84%) .NET Core
Miscellaneous
1 55 (5.87%) Greenfield Project
2 41 (4.38%) Mobile App
3 37 (3.95%) Self-Motivation
4 32 (3.42%) Algorithms
5 31 (3.31%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
6 28 (2.99%) User Experience
7 25 (2.67%) Enterprise Software
8 22 (2.35%) Fixed Income
8 22 (2.35%) Management Information System
9 21 (2.24%) Derivative
9 21 (2.24%) Video\Live Streaming
10 19 (2.03%) Media Streaming
11 18 (1.92%) Data Structures
12 17 (1.81%) Cloud Native
12 17 (1.81%) Data Protection Act
13 9 (0.96%) Client/Server
13 9 (0.96%) CMDB
13 9 (0.96%) Equities
13 9 (0.96%) Public Cloud
14 8 (0.85%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 79 (8.43%) Linux
2 63 (6.72%) Unix
3 37 (3.95%) Android
4 24 (2.56%) Apple iOS
5 20 (2.13%) Windows
6 17 (1.81%) Mac OS X
7 5 (0.53%) Debian
7 5 (0.53%) VMS
8 4 (0.43%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 3 (0.32%) Windows Server
10 1 (0.11%) CentOS
10 1 (0.11%) Tizen
10 1 (0.11%) Ubuntu
10 1 (0.11%) webOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 761 (81.22%) TDD
2 698 (74.49%) Agile Software Development
3 309 (32.98%) Test Automation
4 287 (30.63%) DevOps
5 285 (30.42%) Scrum
6 283 (30.20%) Microservices
7 189 (20.17%) Continuous Integration
8 160 (17.08%) Pair Programming
9 131 (13.98%) Software Engineering
10 122 (13.02%) Unit Testing
11 107 (11.42%) Full Stack Development
12 96 (10.25%) Problem-Solving
13 94 (10.03%) Continuous Improvement
13 94 (10.03%) Kanban
14 89 (9.50%) User Stories
15 88 (9.39%) OO
16 84 (8.96%) Acceptance Criteria
17 79 (8.43%) SDLC
18 70 (7.47%) Mentoring
19 69 (7.36%) Analytics
Programming Languages
1 482 (51.44%) Java
2 231 (24.65%) JavaScript
3 192 (20.49%) SQL
4 139 (14.83%) C#
5 134 (14.30%) Python
6 106 (11.31%) Scala
7 97 (10.35%) Java 8
8 83 (8.86%) TypeScript
9 65 (6.94%) Java 11
10 29 (3.09%) Kotlin
11 20 (2.13%) PowerShell
11 20 (2.13%) Shell Script
12 19 (2.03%) Ruby
13 16 (1.71%) ES6
14 15 (1.60%) Bash Shell
14 15 (1.60%) C
14 15 (1.60%) Go
15 12 (1.28%) Groovy
15 12 (1.28%) PHP
16 10 (1.07%) Apple Swift
Qualifications
1 55 (5.87%) Security Cleared
2 41 (4.38%) SC Cleared
3 31 (3.31%) Degree
4 10 (1.07%) DV Cleared
5 9 (0.96%) Computer Science Degree
6 8 (0.85%) ISTQB
7 5 (0.53%) ISEB
8 4 (0.43%) Master's Degree
8 4 (0.43%) OCPJP
8 4 (0.43%) Sun Certification
9 3 (0.32%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
9 3 (0.32%) Numerate Degree
10 2 (0.21%) BPSS Clearance
10 2 (0.21%) Postgraduate
11 1 (0.11%) AWS Certification
11 1 (0.11%) BC Cleared
11 1 (0.11%) Microsoft Certification
11 1 (0.11%) PMI Certification
11 1 (0.11%) PMP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 121 (12.91%) QA
2 20 (2.13%) Accessibility
3 4 (0.43%) Data Quality
3 4 (0.43%) WCAG
4 1 (0.11%) GDPR
4 1 (0.11%) IFRS
4 1 (0.11%) ISO 20022
4 1 (0.11%) MiFID
4 1 (0.11%) PCI DSS
4 1 (0.11%) PSD2
4 1 (0.11%) Sarbanes-Oxley
4 1 (0.11%) Solvency II
4 1 (0.11%) TARGET2
System Software
1 233 (24.87%) Docker
2 15 (1.60%) Active Directory
3 3 (0.32%) Platform Symphony
4 1 (0.11%) VirtualBox
4 1 (0.11%) VMware Infrastructure
4 1 (0.11%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 221 (23.59%) Kubernetes
2 64 (6.83%) Grafana
3 57 (6.08%) Prometheus
4 49 (5.23%) Terraform
5 45 (4.80%) Ansible
6 16 (1.71%) ZABBIX
7 10 (1.07%) Kibana
7 10 (1.07%) Puppet
7 10 (1.07%) Rancher
8 8 (0.85%) HP Quality Center
9 7 (0.75%) Opscode Chef
10 5 (0.53%) logstash
11 3 (0.32%) CA Wily
11 3 (0.32%) HP ALM
11 3 (0.32%) ITRS Geneos
12 2 (0.21%) Istio
13 1 (0.11%) Fortio
13 1 (0.11%) Kiali
13 1 (0.11%) Kubeflow
13 1 (0.11%) Mesos
Vendors
1 51 (5.44%) Oracle
2 34 (3.63%) Splunk
3 32 (3.42%) Microsoft
4 26 (2.77%) Google
5 23 (2.45%) New Relic
6 21 (2.24%) Sybase
7 16 (1.71%) CA Agile Central
7 16 (1.71%) Spiceworks
8 13 (1.39%) HP
8 13 (1.39%) Salesforce.com
9 9 (0.96%) IBM
10 8 (0.85%) Adobe
10 8 (0.85%) Databricks
11 7 (0.75%) Atlassian
11 7 (0.75%) Hortonworks
12 6 (0.64%) AppDynamics
12 6 (0.64%) Informatica
12 6 (0.64%) MuleSoft
12 6 (0.64%) Murex
12 6 (0.64%) Xamarin