Period
to 21 November 2017

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for BDD skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited BDD over the 6 months to 21 November 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Behaviour-Driven Development (BDD)
England > London
6 months to
21 Nov 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 39 46 43
Rank change year-on-year +7 -3 +14
Contract jobs citing BDD 2568 2097 1966
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 5.46% 4.67% 4.22%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 6.27% 5.41% 5.04%
Number of daily rates quoted 2087 1725 1628
London median daily rate £505 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +6.21% +5.56% +5.88%
10th Percentile £375 £363 £329
90th Percentile £625 £625 £600
England median daily rate £475 £463 £425
% change year-on-year +2.70% +8.82% +0.59%
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 7 0
London median hourly rate - £46.00 -
England median hourly rate £33.00 £45.50 £37.50
% change year-on-year -27.47% +21.33% -

BDD is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 40937 38731 39019
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 86.98% 86.21% 83.82%
Number of daily rates quoted 29768 27769 27882
London median daily rate £500 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% +2.86%
10th Percentile £313 £305 £288
90th Percentile £675 £643 £638
England median daily rate £450 £425 £423
% change year-on-year +5.88% +0.47% +5.75%
Number of hourly rates quoted 383 401 470
London median hourly rate £22.50 £22.00 £20.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +2.27% +10.00% +11.11%
10th Percentile £13.31 £12.25 £11.25
90th Percentile £51.60 £50.14 £50.00
England median hourly rate £23.75 £24.42 £22.50
% change year-on-year -2.74% +8.53% +18.42%

BDD
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing BDD as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for BDD in London

BDD
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing BDD in London.

Contractor daily rate trend for BDD in London

BDD
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing BDD in London over the 6 months to 21 November 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for BDD in London

BDD
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing BDD in London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for BDD in London

BDD
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing BDD within the London region over the 6 months to 21 November 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London +2 439 £525 +5.00% 78
South London +24 149 £500 +8.11% 9
West London +33 145 £525 +7.14% 28
East London +17 26 £525 +40.00% 12
North London - 6 £313 - 3
BDD
England

For the 6 months to 21 November 2017, IT contractor jobs citing BDD also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads across the London region with a requirement for BDD.

1 2052 (79.91%) Agile Software Development
2 2035 (79.24%) TDD
3 1219 (47.47%) Java
4 901 (35.09%) JavaScript
5 844 (32.87%) Scrum
6 720 (28.04%) Continuous Integration
7 701 (27.30%) Test Automation
8 634 (24.69%) Microservices
9 620 (24.14%) Git (software)
10 559 (21.77%) HTML
11 538 (20.95%) RESTful
12 537 (20.91%) AngularJS
13 527 (20.52%) Cucumber
14 520 (20.25%) Jenkins
15 509 (19.82%) C#
16 504 (19.63%) Web Services
17 468 (18.22%) CSS
18 466 (18.15%) Spring
19 451 (17.56%) .NET
20 450 (17.52%) JIRA
21 447 (17.41%) REST
22 420 (16.36%) Selenium
23 416 (16.20%) Finance
24 415 (16.16%) React
24 415 (16.16%) DevOps
25 412 (16.04%) Amazon AWS
26 411 (16.00%) Pair Programming
27 408 (15.89%) Node.js
28 405 (15.77%) Docker
29 397 (15.46%) SQL

BDD
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 260 (10.12%) Confluence
2 142 (5.53%) Apache Spark
3 137 (5.33%) Elasticsearch
4 82 (3.19%) Apache Solr
5 67 (2.61%) Tomcat
6 61 (2.38%) Apache
7 55 (2.14%) CMS
8 53 (2.06%) JBoss
9 43 (1.67%) NServiceBus
10 36 (1.40%) Oracle SOA Suite
11 31 (1.21%) Jetty
12 27 (1.05%) Cloud Foundry
13 24 (0.93%) WebSphere
14 22 (0.86%) EPiServer
15 19 (0.74%) Adobe Experience Manager
16 18 (0.70%) Drupal
17 16 (0.62%) Mule
18 15 (0.58%) nginx
19 12 (0.47%) Sitecore CMS
20 11 (0.43%) SharePoint
Applications
1 11 (0.43%) Microsoft Excel
1 11 (0.43%) Photoshop
2 8 (0.31%) InDesign
3 6 (0.23%) Microsoft Office
4 4 (0.16%) Mingle
4 4 (0.16%) MS Visio
5 2 (0.078%) Adobe Illustrator
6 1 (0.039%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 27 (1.05%) Payment Gateway
2 12 (0.47%) Magento
3 11 (0.43%) Dynamics CRM
4 10 (0.39%) Endur
5 4 (0.16%) Eloqua
6 3 (0.12%) IntelliMatch
7 2 (0.078%) Oracle BPM
8 1 (0.039%) BASE24
8 1 (0.039%) Oracle Retail
Cloud Services
1 412 (16.04%) Amazon AWS
2 197 (7.67%) Microsoft Azure
3 128 (4.98%) GitHub
4 58 (2.26%) npm
5 42 (1.64%) Amazon EC2
6 36 (1.40%) PaaS
7 35 (1.36%) Amazon S3
8 30 (1.17%) Serverless
9 23 (0.90%) Google Cloud Platform
10 19 (0.74%) Cloud Computing
11 16 (0.62%) Amazon SQS
11 16 (0.62%) Yarn
12 13 (0.51%) Google Play
13 11 (0.43%) BrowserStack
13 11 (0.43%) IaaS
14 10 (0.39%) AWS Lambda
14 10 (0.39%) Heroku
15 9 (0.35%) AWS CloudFormation
16 8 (0.31%) Adobe Creative Cloud
16 8 (0.31%) Google Analytics
Communications & Networking
1 68 (2.65%) HTTP
2 65 (2.53%) Kerberos
3 19 (0.74%) TCP/IP
4 15 (0.58%) SSL
5 9 (0.35%) Internet
5 9 (0.35%) LDAP
6 5 (0.19%) DNS
6 5 (0.19%) Firewall
6 5 (0.19%) SSH
7 4 (0.16%) AMQP
8 3 (0.12%) DSL
9 2 (0.078%) Ethernet
9 2 (0.078%) FTP
9 2 (0.078%) SNA
9 2 (0.078%) Unified Communications
9 2 (0.078%) VPLS
10 1 (0.039%) Bluetooth
10 1 (0.039%) FIX Connectivity
10 1 (0.039%) Wi-Fi
Database & Business Intelligence
1 392 (15.26%) NoSQL
2 263 (10.24%) MongoDB
3 240 (9.35%) Hadoop
4 233 (9.07%) Big Data
5 232 (9.03%) PostgreSQL
6 168 (6.54%) MySQL
7 166 (6.46%) SQL Server
8 163 (6.35%) Relational Database
9 155 (6.04%) HBase
10 105 (4.09%) Apache Cassandra
11 82 (3.19%) RDBMS
12 57 (2.22%) Apache Hive
13 44 (1.71%) RavenDB
14 33 (1.29%) Amazon DynamoDB
15 32 (1.25%) Redis
16 26 (1.01%) Impala
17 25 (0.97%) Endeca
18 21 (0.82%) DB2
19 20 (0.78%) Data Warehouse
20 17 (0.66%) Neo4j
Development Applications
1 620 (24.14%) Git (software)
2 527 (20.52%) Cucumber
3 520 (20.25%) Jenkins
4 450 (17.52%) JIRA
5 420 (16.36%) Selenium
6 184 (7.17%) SpecFlow
7 175 (6.81%) TeamCity
8 172 (6.70%) JUnit
9 167 (6.50%) Maven
10 164 (6.39%) Mockito
11 138 (5.37%) WebDriver
12 119 (4.63%) Subversion
13 100 (3.89%) Octopus Deploy
14 98 (3.82%) IntelliJ
15 88 (3.43%) Jasmine
16 86 (3.35%) Appium
17 84 (3.27%) gulp
18 82 (3.19%) Gradle
18 82 (3.19%) Mocha
19 81 (3.15%) webpack
General
1 416 (16.20%) Finance
2 331 (12.89%) Banking
3 124 (4.83%) Retail
4 110 (4.28%) Investment Banking
5 68 (2.65%) Publishing
6 60 (2.34%) Marketing
7 55 (2.14%) Games
8 52 (2.02%) Telecoms
9 42 (1.64%) Front Office
10 36 (1.40%) Financial Institution
11 27 (1.05%) Electronics
11 27 (1.05%) Law
12 26 (1.01%) Manufacturing
13 22 (0.86%) Back Office
14 15 (0.58%) Advertising
15 13 (0.51%) Retail Banking
16 8 (0.31%) Prime Brokerage
17 5 (0.19%) Legal
18 4 (0.16%) Digital Economy
18 4 (0.16%) International Banking
Job Titles
1 1713 (66.71%) Developer
2 549 (21.38%) Java Developer
3 319 (12.42%) Senior Developer
4 217 (8.45%) C# Developer
5 216 (8.41%) JavaScript Developer
6 208 (8.10%) .NET Developer
7 197 (7.67%) Full Stack Developer
8 194 (7.55%) Analyst
9 161 (6.27%) Agile Developer
10 155 (6.04%) Tester
11 120 (4.67%) Automation Tester
12 110 (4.28%) Business Analyst
13 108 (4.21%) Angular Developer
14 102 (3.97%) Scala Developer
15 101 (3.93%) C# .NET Developer
16 94 (3.66%) Node.js Developer
17 87 (3.39%) Senior Java Developer
18 86 (3.35%) Developer in Test
19 84 (3.27%) Agile Java Developer
20 83 (3.23%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 559 (21.77%) HTML
2 538 (20.95%) RESTful
3 537 (20.91%) AngularJS
4 504 (19.63%) Web Services
5 468 (18.22%) CSS
6 466 (18.15%) Spring
7 451 (17.56%) .NET
8 447 (17.41%) REST
9 415 (16.16%) React
10 408 (15.89%) Node.js
11 386 (15.03%) HTML5
12 258 (10.05%) Kafka
13 253 (9.85%) CSS3
14 195 (7.59%) Hibernate
15 189 (7.36%) Spring Boot
16 168 (6.54%) Gherkin
17 164 (6.39%) ASP.NET
18 163 (6.35%) Redux
19 155 (6.04%) JSON
20 151 (5.88%) ASP.NET Web API
Miscellaneous
1 212 (8.26%) Greenfield Project
2 196 (7.63%) User Experience
3 160 (6.23%) Mobile App
4 104 (4.05%) Analytical Skills
5 103 (4.01%) Fintech
6 66 (2.57%) Computer Science
7 57 (2.22%) Algorithms
8 51 (1.99%) Enterprise Software
9 47 (1.83%) iPad
10 44 (1.71%) Data Structures
10 44 (1.71%) Virtual Team
11 43 (1.67%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
12 36 (1.40%) Blog
12 36 (1.40%) Video on Demand
13 33 (1.29%) Hedge funds
14 31 (1.21%) Derivative
15 29 (1.13%) Public Cloud
16 28 (1.09%) Social Media
17 26 (1.01%) Management Information System
17 26 (1.01%) Market Risk
Operating Systems
1 229 (8.92%) Linux
2 146 (5.69%) Android
3 139 (5.41%) Unix
4 135 (5.26%) Apple iOS
5 52 (2.02%) Windows
6 18 (0.70%) Mac OS X
7 11 (0.43%) CoreOS
8 8 (0.31%) Ubuntu
9 5 (0.19%) CentOS
9 5 (0.19%) Windows Server
10 4 (0.16%) Nucleus RTOS
10 4 (0.16%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
11 3 (0.12%) Solaris
12 2 (0.078%) Debian
12 2 (0.078%) Windows Phone
13 1 (0.039%) Kali Linux
13 1 (0.039%) Windows Server 2008
Processes & Methodologies
1 2052 (79.91%) Agile Software Development
2 2035 (79.24%) TDD
3 844 (32.87%) Scrum
4 720 (28.04%) Continuous Integration
5 701 (27.30%) Test Automation
6 634 (24.69%) Microservices
7 415 (16.16%) DevOps
8 411 (16.00%) Pair Programming
9 386 (15.03%) Kanban
10 381 (14.84%) MVC
11 317 (12.34%) Software Engineering
12 296 (11.53%) OO
13 294 (11.45%) E-Commerce
14 244 (9.50%) User Stories
15 226 (8.80%) Continuous Delivery
16 208 (8.10%) Unit Testing
17 191 (7.44%) High Availability
18 176 (6.85%) Open Source
19 164 (6.39%) Acceptance Criteria
20 163 (6.35%) SOA
Programming Languages
1 1219 (47.47%) Java
2 901 (35.09%) JavaScript
3 509 (19.82%) C#
4 397 (15.46%) SQL
5 248 (9.66%) Scala
6 231 (9.00%) Python
7 163 (6.35%) Ruby
8 132 (5.14%) ES6
9 100 (3.89%) Groovy
10 84 (3.27%) Apple Swift
11 78 (3.04%) TypeScript
12 67 (2.61%) Objective-C
13 55 (2.14%) T-SQL
14 52 (2.02%) Shell Script
15 44 (1.71%) PHP
16 41 (1.60%) Bash Shell
17 39 (1.52%) Go
18 32 (1.25%) PL/SQL
18 32 (1.25%) PowerShell
19 29 (1.13%) C++
Qualifications
1 183 (7.13%) Security Cleared
2 139 (5.41%) SC Cleared
3 118 (4.60%) Degree
4 56 (2.18%) Computer Science Degree
5 33 (1.29%) ISTQB
6 27 (1.05%) ISEB
7 19 (0.74%) Master's Degree
8 16 (0.62%) BPSS Clearance
9 12 (0.47%) CTC Cleared
9 12 (0.47%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
10 10 (0.39%) DV Cleared
11 8 (0.31%) DBS Check
12 3 (0.12%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
12 3 (0.12%) PhD
13 2 (0.078%) CFA
14 1 (0.039%) AAT
14 1 (0.039%) CBAP
14 1 (0.039%) IIBA
14 1 (0.039%) MCSE
14 1 (0.039%) Microsoft Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 298 (11.60%) QA
2 10 (0.39%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 10 (0.39%) MiFID
3 5 (0.19%) Data Quality
4 3 (0.12%) GCP
4 3 (0.12%) SLA
4 3 (0.12%) WAI
4 3 (0.12%) WCAG
5 2 (0.078%) Dodd-Frank
5 2 (0.078%) EMIR
5 2 (0.078%) PMO
5 2 (0.078%) PSD2
6 1 (0.039%) Basel III
6 1 (0.039%) Disclosure Scotland
6 1 (0.039%) ISO 20022
6 1 (0.039%) ISO 8583
6 1 (0.039%) PCI DSS
6 1 (0.039%) SEPA
System Software
1 405 (15.77%) Docker
2 90 (3.50%) HDFS
3 56 (2.18%) Apache ZooKeeper
4 11 (0.43%) Apache Flume
5 5 (0.19%) Active Directory
6 4 (0.16%) VMware Infrastructure
7 2 (0.078%) Virtual Machines
7 2 (0.078%) vSphere
8 1 (0.039%) VirtualBox
Systems Management
1 183 (7.13%) Kubernetes
2 145 (5.65%) Ansible
3 80 (3.12%) Terraform
4 76 (2.96%) Puppet
5 70 (2.73%) Opscode Chef
6 69 (2.69%) Kibana
7 62 (2.41%) Grafana
8 55 (2.14%) logstash
9 27 (1.05%) Cobbler
10 17 (0.66%) Oozie
11 11 (0.43%) Control-M
11 11 (0.43%) Hadoop YARN
11 11 (0.43%) HP Quality Center
12 10 (0.39%) Nagios
12 10 (0.39%) Prometheus
13 9 (0.35%) ITRS Geneos
14 8 (0.31%) ZABBIX
15 7 (0.27%) Docker Swarm
15 7 (0.27%) Mesos
16 6 (0.23%) Graphite
Vendors
1 166 (6.46%) Microsoft
2 144 (5.61%) Oracle
3 102 (3.97%) Splunk
4 75 (2.92%) AppDynamics
5 57 (2.22%) Google
6 39 (1.52%) Apple
6 39 (1.52%) IBM
7 34 (1.32%) Atlassian
8 33 (1.29%) Salesforce.com
9 31 (1.21%) New Relic
10 29 (1.13%) Adobe
11 28 (1.09%) ATG
12 27 (1.05%) hybris
12 27 (1.05%) SAP
13 25 (0.97%) Hortonworks
14 24 (0.93%) Xamarin
15 23 (0.90%) HP
16 22 (0.86%) Cloudera
17 19 (0.74%) Sitecore
18 17 (0.66%) Red Hat