Period
to 19 May 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for BDD skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited BDD over the 6 months to 19 May 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Behaviour-Driven Development (BDD)
England > London
6 months to
19 May 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 49 44 53
Rank change year-on-year -5 +9 -5
Contract jobs citing BDD 1,953 2,384 1,692
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 4.84% 5.17% 4.27%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 5.46% 5.88% 4.90%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,536 1,998 1,336
London median daily rate £525 £500 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.00% - +5.26%
10th Percentile £406 £388 £363
90th Percentile £650 £625 £625
England median daily rate £500 £485 £463
% change year-on-year +3.09% +4.86% +2.78%
Number of hourly rates quoted 3 0 1
London median hourly rate £35.00 - £165.00
England median hourly rate £35.00 £47.50 £50.00
% change year-on-year -26.32% -5.00% +11.11%

BDD is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 35,780 40,525 34,540
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 88.74% 87.91% 87.08%
Number of daily rates quoted 25,503 29,256 24,766
London median daily rate £520 £500 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +4.00% +5.26% +5.56%
10th Percentile £338 £323 £313
90th Percentile £675 £675 £650
England median daily rate £475 £463 £450
% change year-on-year +2.70% +2.78% +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 401 566 392
London median hourly rate £26.00 £25.00 £25.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +4.00% - +19.05%
10th Percentile £12.75 £13.75 £12.25
90th Percentile £53.75 £50.98 £52.50
England median hourly rate £24.70 £22.00 £25.00
% change year-on-year +12.25% -12.00% +8.70%

BDD
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing BDD as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for BDD in London

BDD
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing BDD in London.

Contractor daily rate trend for BDD in London

BDD
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing BDD in London over the 6 months to 19 May 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for BDD in London

BDD
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing BDD in London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for BDD in London

BDD
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in London

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing BDD in London over the 6 months to 19 May 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for BDD in London

BDD
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing BDD within the London region over the 6 months to 19 May 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London -5 402 £550 +7.32% 28
East London +20 87 £527 +5.30% 6
South London +17 83 £476 +0.21% 10
West London -21 73 £500 -3.38% 6
North London -5 6 £550 +25.71%
BDD
England

For the 6 months to 19 May 2019, IT contractor jobs citing BDD also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for BDD.

1 1,492 (76.40%) TDD
2 1,480 (75.78%) Agile Software Development
3 887 (45.42%) Java
4 700 (35.84%) JavaScript
5 605 (30.98%) Test Automation
6 570 (29.19%) Scrum
7 566 (28.98%) Microservices
8 493 (25.24%) Git (software)
9 473 (24.22%) Amazon AWS
10 458 (23.45%) Jenkins
11 442 (22.63%) DevOps
12 411 (21.04%) REST
13 401 (20.53%) C#
14 385 (19.71%) AngularJS
15 384 (19.66%) Docker
16 375 (19.20%) SQL
17 368 (18.84%) Spring
18 355 (18.18%) HTML
19 353 (18.07%) Continuous Integration
20 349 (17.87%) Microsoft Azure
21 348 (17.82%) Finance
22 338 (17.31%) RESTful
23 332 (17.00%) .NET
24 323 (16.54%) React
25 321 (16.44%) Cucumber
26 316 (16.18%) CSS
26 316 (16.18%) Selenium
27 315 (16.13%) JIRA
28 309 (15.82%) Web Services
29 296 (15.16%) QA

BDD
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 197 (10.09%) Confluence
2 136 (6.96%) Elasticsearch
3 50 (2.56%) Apache Spark
4 35 (1.79%) Apache
5 24 (1.23%) CMS
6 23 (1.18%) Apache Solr
7 22 (1.13%) Tomcat
8 18 (0.92%) Cloud Foundry
9 14 (0.72%) JBoss
9 14 (0.72%) WebSphere
10 11 (0.56%) Sitecore CMS
11 10 (0.51%) MQSeries
12 9 (0.46%) Magnolia
13 7 (0.36%) Gunicorn
13 7 (0.36%) NServiceBus
13 7 (0.36%) Umbraco
14 6 (0.31%) Drupal
14 6 (0.31%) Mule
15 5 (0.26%) EPiServer
16 4 (0.20%) IBM HTTP Server
Applications
1 13 (0.67%) Microsoft Excel
2 5 (0.26%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 4 (0.20%) MS Visio
4 1 (0.051%) Chatbot
4 1 (0.051%) GIMP
4 1 (0.051%) Microsoft Office
4 1 (0.051%) Microsoft Project
4 1 (0.051%) Photoshop
4 1 (0.051%) SPSS
Business Applications
1 6 (0.31%) Endur
2 5 (0.26%) SAP Hybris
3 4 (0.20%) BusinessWorks
3 4 (0.20%) Summit
4 3 (0.15%) Magento
5 2 (0.10%) Dynamics CRM
6 1 (0.051%) Distributed Ledger
6 1 (0.051%) Fredhopper
Cloud Services
1 473 (24.22%) Amazon AWS
2 349 (17.87%) Microsoft Azure
3 120 (6.14%) GitHub
4 84 (4.30%) Google Cloud Platform
5 70 (3.58%) Serverless
6 64 (3.28%) SaaS
7 56 (2.87%) Amazon EC2
8 52 (2.66%) PaaS
9 48 (2.46%) npm
10 43 (2.20%) AWS Lambda
11 31 (1.59%) Amazon SQS
12 22 (1.13%) Amazon S3
13 19 (0.97%) AWS CloudFormation
14 18 (0.92%) OpenShift
15 17 (0.87%) Sauce Labs
16 16 (0.82%) Amazon Kinesis
17 15 (0.77%) Yarn
18 14 (0.72%) Amazon CloudWatch
19 12 (0.61%) Azure Active Directory
19 12 (0.61%) Google App Engine
Communications & Networking
1 64 (3.28%) HTTP
2 25 (1.28%) AMQP
3 15 (0.77%) Internet
4 13 (0.67%) DNS
4 13 (0.67%) SSL
4 13 (0.67%) TCP/IP
5 11 (0.56%) FTP
6 7 (0.36%) Kerberos
6 7 (0.36%) LAN
6 7 (0.36%) WAN
7 2 (0.10%) Firewall
7 2 (0.10%) HTTPS
8 1 (0.051%) BIG-IP
8 1 (0.051%) Reverse Proxy
8 1 (0.051%) Skype
8 1 (0.051%) Unified Communications
Database & Business Intelligence
1 221 (11.32%) NoSQL
2 214 (10.96%) SQL Server
3 205 (10.50%) MongoDB
4 154 (7.89%) PostgreSQL
5 108 (5.53%) Relational Database
6 103 (5.27%) MySQL
7 94 (4.81%) Apache Cassandra
8 63 (3.23%) Big Data
9 49 (2.51%) Redis
10 47 (2.41%) Hadoop
11 39 (2.00%) HBase
12 36 (1.84%) Azure SQL Database
13 29 (1.48%) Data Warehouse
14 24 (1.23%) Amazon DynamoDB
14 24 (1.23%) Cosmos DB
15 23 (1.18%) Data Lake
15 23 (1.18%) RDBMS
16 21 (1.08%) Couchbase
16 21 (1.08%) Neo4j
17 20 (1.02%) Impala
Development Applications
1 493 (25.24%) Git (software)
2 458 (23.45%) Jenkins
3 321 (16.44%) Cucumber
4 316 (16.18%) Selenium
5 315 (16.13%) JIRA
6 196 (10.04%) Maven
7 141 (7.22%) SpecFlow
8 137 (7.01%) Mockito
9 136 (6.96%) JUnit
10 131 (6.71%) TeamCity
11 123 (6.30%) WebDriver
12 100 (5.12%) Jasmine
13 92 (4.71%) Karma Test Runner
14 87 (4.45%) Protractor
15 83 (4.25%) Subversion
15 83 (4.25%) webpack
16 79 (4.05%) Bitbucket
16 79 (4.05%) gulp
17 73 (3.74%) Visual Studio Team System
18 67 (3.43%) Mocha
General
1 348 (17.82%) Finance
2 224 (11.47%) Banking
3 85 (4.35%) Front Office
4 79 (4.05%) Retail
5 58 (2.97%) Marketing
6 40 (2.05%) Financial Institution
7 34 (1.74%) Investment Banking
8 24 (1.23%) Games
9 22 (1.13%) Advertising
10 20 (1.02%) Telecoms
11 18 (0.92%) Back Office
12 13 (0.67%) Legal
12 13 (0.67%) Retail Banking
13 12 (0.61%) Manufacturing
13 12 (0.61%) Pharmaceutical
14 9 (0.46%) Law
15 8 (0.41%) Electronics
15 8 (0.41%) Publishing
16 4 (0.20%) Automotive
16 4 (0.20%) General Ledger
Job Titles
1 1,286 (65.85%) Developer
2 424 (21.71%) Java Developer
3 210 (10.75%) Senior Developer
4 173 (8.86%) React Developer
5 148 (7.58%) Full Stack Developer
6 140 (7.17%) .NET Developer
7 137 (7.01%) Analyst
8 127 (6.50%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
9 124 (6.35%) Python Developer
10 116 (5.94%) C# Developer
11 98 (5.02%) JavaScript Developer
12 97 (4.97%) Tester
13 85 (4.35%) Angular Developer
14 83 (4.25%) Senior Java Developer
15 70 (3.58%) AWS Developer
16 67 (3.43%) Software Developer
17 62 (3.17%) Business Analyst
18 60 (3.07%) Automation Tester
18 60 (3.07%) QA Engineer
19 56 (2.87%) Agile Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 411 (21.04%) REST
2 385 (19.71%) AngularJS
3 368 (18.84%) Spring
4 355 (18.18%) HTML
5 338 (17.31%) RESTful
6 332 (17.00%) .NET
7 323 (16.54%) React
8 316 (16.18%) CSS
9 309 (15.82%) Web Services
10 286 (14.64%) Node.js
11 228 (11.67%) Spring Boot
12 203 (10.39%) Redux
13 183 (9.37%) HTML5
14 142 (7.27%) Kafka
15 141 (7.22%) SOAP
16 121 (6.20%) JSON
17 117 (5.99%) CSS3
18 110 (5.63%) Sass
19 104 (5.33%) .NET Core
20 100 (5.12%) XML
Miscellaneous
1 241 (12.34%) Greenfield Project
2 140 (7.17%) User Experience
3 113 (5.79%) Analytical Skills
4 110 (5.63%) Fintech
5 68 (3.48%) Mobile App
6 44 (2.25%) Virtual Team
7 39 (2.00%) Algorithms
8 25 (1.28%) Hedge funds
9 21 (1.08%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
10 19 (0.97%) Data Structures
11 18 (0.92%) Cloud Native
11 18 (0.92%) Enterprise Software
11 18 (0.92%) Linux Command Line
12 15 (0.77%) Fixed Income
13 14 (0.72%) Derivative
13 14 (0.72%) NHS
13 14 (0.72%) Reinsurance
14 12 (0.61%) Self-Motivation
15 11 (0.56%) iPad
15 11 (0.56%) Public Cloud
Operating Systems
1 201 (10.29%) Linux
2 123 (6.30%) Unix
3 55 (2.82%) Mac OS X
4 49 (2.51%) Android
5 47 (2.41%) Apple iOS
6 37 (1.89%) Windows
7 15 (0.77%) VMS
8 9 (0.46%) Ubuntu
9 3 (0.15%) CentOS
9 3 (0.15%) Mac OS
9 3 (0.15%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 1 (0.051%) Solaris
10 1 (0.051%) tvOS
10 1 (0.051%) Windows Server
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,492 (76.40%) TDD
2 1,480 (75.78%) Agile Software Development
3 605 (30.98%) Test Automation
4 570 (29.19%) Scrum
5 566 (28.98%) Microservices
6 442 (22.63%) DevOps
7 353 (18.07%) Continuous Integration
8 286 (14.64%) Kanban
9 247 (12.65%) Pair Programming
10 220 (11.26%) Software Engineering
11 211 (10.80%) E-Commerce
12 190 (9.73%) MVC
13 179 (9.17%) Open Source
14 175 (8.96%) Front End Development
15 167 (8.55%) Continuous Deployment
16 159 (8.14%) OO
17 150 (7.68%) Web Development
18 147 (7.53%) Continuous Delivery
18 147 (7.53%) SDLC
19 134 (6.86%) Problem-Solving
Programming Languages
1 887 (45.42%) Java
2 700 (35.84%) JavaScript
3 401 (20.53%) C#
4 375 (19.20%) SQL
5 271 (13.88%) Java 8
6 268 (13.72%) Python
7 163 (8.35%) ES6
8 158 (8.09%) TypeScript
9 157 (8.04%) Scala
10 74 (3.79%) Ruby
11 39 (2.00%) PowerShell
12 30 (1.54%) PHP
13 28 (1.43%) PL/SQL
14 27 (1.38%) Bash Shell
14 27 (1.38%) Groovy
14 27 (1.38%) Shell Script
14 27 (1.38%) T-SQL
15 22 (1.13%) Go
15 22 (1.13%) Kotlin
16 15 (0.77%) C++
Qualifications
1 103 (5.27%) Degree
2 100 (5.12%) Security Cleared
3 77 (3.94%) SC Cleared
4 43 (2.20%) ISTQB
5 28 (1.43%) ISEB
6 22 (1.13%) Computer Science Degree
7 15 (0.77%) DV Cleared
8 14 (0.72%) BPSS Clearance
9 9 (0.46%) Sun Certification
10 7 (0.36%) CTC Cleared
11 5 (0.26%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
11 5 (0.26%) Numerate Degree
12 4 (0.20%) BC Cleared
12 4 (0.20%) DBS Check
13 1 (0.051%) SAFe Agilist
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 296 (15.16%) QA
2 8 (0.41%) Data Quality
3 7 (0.36%) GDPR
3 7 (0.36%) PSD2
4 5 (0.26%) Disclosure Scotland
4 5 (0.26%) SEPA
5 3 (0.15%) MiFID
6 2 (0.10%) PCI DSS
7 1 (0.051%) PMO
7 1 (0.051%) WAI
System Software
1 384 (19.66%) Docker
2 36 (1.84%) VMware Infrastructure
2 36 (1.84%) vSphere
3 14 (0.72%) Active Directory
4 13 (0.67%) HDFS
5 7 (0.36%) Apache Flume
6 1 (0.051%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 1 (0.051%) Virtual Machines
Systems Management
1 203 (10.39%) Kubernetes
2 103 (5.27%) Ansible
3 64 (3.28%) Terraform
4 28 (1.43%) Kibana
4 28 (1.43%) Puppet
5 20 (1.02%) logstash
6 19 (0.97%) Opscode Chef
7 14 (0.72%) Control-M
8 13 (0.67%) Hadoop YARN
9 11 (0.56%) Docker Swarm
10 8 (0.41%) Grafana
10 8 (0.41%) Mesos
11 6 (0.31%) HP Quality Center
11 6 (0.31%) Marathon
11 6 (0.31%) Rancher
12 5 (0.26%) rkt
13 2 (0.10%) Tivoli
14 1 (0.051%) HAProxy
Vendors
1 81 (4.15%) Google
2 75 (3.84%) Microsoft
3 74 (3.79%) Oracle
4 57 (2.92%) Splunk
5 36 (1.84%) VMware
6 29 (1.48%) Atlassian
7 25 (1.28%) Cadence
7 25 (1.28%) Cypress Semiconductor
8 21 (1.08%) IBM
9 20 (1.02%) SAP
10 15 (0.77%) Sybase
11 14 (0.72%) Salesforce.com
12 12 (0.61%) BMC
12 12 (0.61%) Informatica
12 12 (0.61%) New Relic
12 12 (0.61%) Sitecore
13 10 (0.51%) Facebook
13 10 (0.51%) hybris
13 10 (0.51%) Red Hat
13 10 (0.51%) Twitter