Period
to 24 January 2022

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for BDD skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited BDD over the 6 months to 24 January 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Behaviour-Driven Development (BDD)
England > London
6 months to
24 Jan 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 100 66 69
Rank change year-on-year -34 +3 -24
Contract jobs citing BDD 992 612 1,057
As % of all contract jobs advertised in London 2.67% 3.49% 3.52%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 2.92% 3.91% 3.98%
Number of daily rates quoted 753 466 819
10th Percentile £426 £381 £406
25th Percentile £495 £450 £463
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £580 £550 £550
Median % change year-on-year +5.45% - +4.76%
75th Percentile £665 £625 £613
90th Percentile £743 £650 £675
England median daily rate £550 £525 £500
% change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% -1.96%
Number of hourly rates quoted 9 1 1
10th Percentile £73.05 - -
25th Percentile £75.00 - £10.25
Median hourly rate £78.00 £42.00 £10.50
Median % change year-on-year +85.71% +300.00% -46.15%
75th Percentile £81.75 - £10.75
90th Percentile £85.00 - -
England median hourly rate £77.00 £58.00 £22.75
% change year-on-year +32.76% +154.95% -12.50%

BDD is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 34,016 15,656 26,570
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 91.48% 89.37% 88.48%
Number of daily rates quoted 24,815 11,338 19,358
10th Percentile £381 £325 £318
25th Percentile £463 £413 £413
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £563 £500 £513
Median % change year-on-year +12.50% -2.44% +0.49%
75th Percentile £675 £602 £600
90th Percentile £750 £700 £688
England median daily rate £525 £475 £475
% change year-on-year +10.53% - -
Number of hourly rates quoted 351 141 309
10th Percentile £16.25 £17.00 £12.44
25th Percentile £21.50 £23.38 £17.00
Median hourly rate £38.50 £32.00 £23.00
Median % change year-on-year +20.31% +39.13% +5.70%
75th Percentile £53.75 £51.50 £45.00
90th Percentile £65.00 £65.00 £53.37
England median hourly rate £25.50 £26.72 £20.50
% change year-on-year -4.57% +30.34% -5.79%

BDD
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing BDD as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for BDD in London

BDD
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing BDD in London.

Daily rate trend for BDD in London

BDD
Daily Rate Histogram in London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing BDD in London over the 6 months to 24 January 2022.

Daily rate histogram for BDD in London

BDD
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing BDD in London.

Hourly rate trend for BDD in London

BDD
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing BDD within the London region over the 6 months to 24 January 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
Central London -20 140 £600 +4.35% 80
West London +12 49 £625 +16.28% 26
South London -31 10 £450 +6.51% 6
East London -9 1 £375 -30.23% 25
BDD
England

For the 6 months to 24 January 2022, IT contractor jobs citing BDD also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for BDD.

1 806 (81.25%) TDD
2 702 (70.77%) Agile Software Development
3 502 (50.60%) Java
4 337 (33.97%) Microservices
5 328 (33.06%) Test Automation
6 286 (28.83%) Scrum
6 286 (28.83%) CI/CD
7 277 (27.92%) Docker
8 259 (26.11%) Kubernetes
9 258 (26.01%) DevOps
10 245 (24.70%) Jenkins
11 232 (23.39%) Git (software)
12 219 (22.08%) Pair Programming
13 218 (21.98%) JavaScript
14 205 (20.67%) Azure
15 189 (19.05%) Continuous Integration
16 183 (18.45%) Spring
17 177 (17.84%) Finance
18 175 (17.64%) SQL
19 170 (17.14%) AWS
20 164 (16.53%) Software Engineering
21 155 (15.63%) C#
22 150 (15.12%) Kafka
23 149 (15.02%) JIRA
24 146 (14.72%) .NET
25 144 (14.52%) REST
26 143 (14.42%) Social Skills
27 142 (14.31%) Banking
28 141 (14.21%) Cucumber
28 141 (14.21%) React

BDD
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 76 (7.66%) Confluence
2 56 (5.65%) Apache Spark
3 21 (2.12%) JBoss
4 20 (2.02%) Elasticsearch
5 19 (1.92%) Red Hat Fuse
6 18 (1.81%) Mule
7 13 (1.31%) Apache
8 12 (1.21%) Apache Airflow
9 11 (1.11%) Tomcat
10 10 (1.01%) SharePoint
11 8 (0.81%) CMS
12 6 (0.60%) Oracle Coherence
13 4 (0.40%) Cloud Foundry
13 4 (0.40%) OpenStack
13 4 (0.40%) WebSphere
14 3 (0.30%) Headless CMS
14 3 (0.30%) Jetty
14 3 (0.30%) Oracle SOA Suite
15 2 (0.20%) BizTalk Server
15 2 (0.20%) Sitecore CMS
Applications
1 3 (0.30%) Microsoft Excel
1 3 (0.30%) Mingle
2 1 (0.10%) Microsoft Office
Business Applications
1 4 (0.40%) Dynamics CRM
1 4 (0.40%) Primavera
1 4 (0.40%) SAP ERP
2 3 (0.30%) Magento
2 3 (0.30%) Shopify
3 2 (0.20%) Carpe Diem
3 2 (0.20%) Elite 3E
3 2 (0.20%) Endur
3 2 (0.20%) Salesforce.com CRM
4 1 (0.10%) Oracle Cash Management
4 1 (0.10%) Oracle ERP
4 1 (0.10%) Oracle General Ledger
4 1 (0.10%) Oracle Payables
4 1 (0.10%) Oracle Receivables
4 1 (0.10%) RMDS
4 1 (0.10%) SAP S/4HANA
4 1 (0.10%) Sentinel
Cloud Services
1 205 (20.67%) Azure
2 170 (17.14%) AWS
3 56 (5.65%) GitHub
4 53 (5.34%) GCP
5 29 (2.92%) Serverless
6 18 (1.81%) Apigee
6 18 (1.81%) AWS CloudFormation
7 14 (1.41%) OpenShift
7 14 (1.41%) PaaS
8 13 (1.31%) AWS Lambda
8 13 (1.31%) IaaS
9 12 (1.21%) Amazon EC2
10 11 (1.11%) Amazon S3
10 11 (1.11%) SaaS
11 10 (1.01%) Amazon EMR
12 9 (0.91%) Azure Active Directory
12 9 (0.91%) Azure Data Factory
13 8 (0.81%) npm
14 7 (0.71%) Microsoft 365
14 7 (0.71%) Sauce Labs
Communications & Networking
1 39 (3.93%) HTTP
2 23 (2.32%) MQTT
3 4 (0.40%) Firewall
3 4 (0.40%) VPN
4 3 (0.30%) Internet
5 2 (0.20%) FTP
5 2 (0.20%) LAN
5 2 (0.20%) SAN
5 2 (0.20%) WAN
6 1 (0.10%) 2G
6 1 (0.10%) Kerberos
6 1 (0.10%) SSL
6 1 (0.10%) TCP/IP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 93 (9.38%) NoSQL
2 79 (7.96%) SQL Server
3 75 (7.56%) MongoDB
4 59 (5.95%) Relational Database
5 48 (4.84%) MySQL
6 47 (4.74%) Big Data
6 47 (4.74%) PostgreSQL
7 31 (3.13%) Hadoop
7 31 (3.13%) HBase
8 18 (1.81%) Redis
9 14 (1.41%) Oracle Database
10 13 (1.31%) Azure SQL Database
10 13 (1.31%) Hazelcast
10 13 (1.31%) RDBMS
11 12 (1.21%) Couchbase
11 12 (1.21%) Data Lake
12 11 (1.11%) Apache Cassandra
12 11 (1.11%) BigQuery
12 11 (1.11%) Data Warehouse
13 10 (1.01%) Amazon Redshift
Development Applications
1 245 (24.70%) Jenkins
2 232 (23.39%) Git (software)
3 149 (15.02%) JIRA
4 141 (14.21%) Cucumber
5 121 (12.20%) Selenium
6 105 (10.58%) Maven
7 51 (5.14%) Mockito
7 51 (5.14%) WebDriver
8 49 (4.94%) JUnit
9 48 (4.84%) Gradle
10 44 (4.44%) SpecFlow
11 40 (4.03%) Postman
12 38 (3.83%) TeamCity
13 32 (3.23%) Gatling
13 32 (3.23%) Subversion
14 29 (2.92%) Bitbucket
15 25 (2.52%) Cypress.io
16 24 (2.42%) REST Assured
17 23 (2.32%) SoapUI
18 22 (2.22%) TestNG
General
1 177 (17.84%) Finance
2 143 (14.42%) Social Skills
3 142 (14.31%) Banking
4 47 (4.74%) Investment Banking
5 42 (4.23%) Front Office
6 36 (3.63%) Analytical Skills
7 26 (2.62%) Retail
8 18 (1.81%) Public Sector
9 15 (1.51%) Presentation Skills
10 13 (1.31%) Games
10 13 (1.31%) Marketing
11 10 (1.01%) Retail Banking
11 10 (1.01%) Telecoms
12 7 (0.71%) Back Office
12 7 (0.71%) Influencing Skills
12 7 (0.71%) Law
12 7 (0.71%) Publishing
13 4 (0.40%) Corporate Banking
13 4 (0.40%) Legal
14 2 (0.20%) Manufacturing
Job Titles
1 588 (59.27%) Developer
2 229 (23.08%) Java Developer
3 133 (13.41%) Senior Developer
4 68 (6.85%) Scala Developer
5 67 (6.75%) C# Developer
6 54 (5.44%) Analyst
6 54 (5.44%) Full Stack Developer
7 53 (5.34%) Senior Java Developer
8 51 (5.14%) .NET Developer
9 47 (4.74%) Tester
10 44 (4.44%) Java Engineer
11 43 (4.33%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
12 39 (3.93%) Software Engineer
13 37 (3.73%) Automation Tester
14 34 (3.43%) C# .NET Developer
14 34 (3.43%) React Developer
14 34 (3.43%) Senior Scala Developer
15 30 (3.02%) Business Analyst
16 29 (2.92%) .NET Developer - Fintech
17 27 (2.72%) JavaScript Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 183 (18.45%) Spring
2 150 (15.12%) Kafka
3 146 (14.72%) .NET
4 144 (14.52%) REST
5 141 (14.21%) React
6 127 (12.80%) HTML
6 127 (12.80%) Spring Boot
7 114 (11.49%) CSS
8 113 (11.39%) RESTful
9 111 (11.19%) AngularJS
10 103 (10.38%) Node.js
11 99 (9.98%) Web Services
12 64 (6.45%) .NET Framework
13 57 (5.75%) JSON
14 46 (4.64%) XML
15 45 (4.54%) HTML5
16 40 (4.03%) Redux
17 39 (3.93%) .NET Core
17 39 (3.93%) Gherkin
18 35 (3.53%) GraphQL
Miscellaneous
1 81 (8.17%) Greenfield Project
2 33 (3.33%) Media Streaming
2 33 (3.33%) Self-Motivation
3 30 (3.02%) Video\Live Streaming
4 28 (2.82%) Mobile App
5 23 (2.32%) User Experience
6 22 (2.22%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
7 19 (1.92%) Data Protection Act
7 19 (1.92%) Enterprise Software
8 18 (1.81%) Client/Server
9 16 (1.61%) Algorithms
10 15 (1.51%) Data Structures
11 14 (1.41%) iPad
11 14 (1.41%) Management Information System
12 12 (1.21%) Legacy Systems
13 9 (0.91%) Public Cloud
14 7 (0.71%) Derivative
14 7 (0.71%) Virtual Team
15 6 (0.60%) Cloud Native
15 6 (0.60%) Legacy Applications
Operating Systems
1 94 (9.48%) Linux
2 73 (7.36%) Unix
3 36 (3.63%) Android
4 24 (2.42%) Mac OS X
5 23 (2.32%) Apple iOS
6 22 (2.22%) Windows
7 4 (0.40%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 3 (0.30%) Windows Server
9 2 (0.20%) Ubuntu
10 1 (0.10%) Debian
10 1 (0.10%) VMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 806 (81.25%) TDD
2 702 (70.77%) Agile Software Development
3 337 (33.97%) Microservices
4 328 (33.06%) Test Automation
5 286 (28.83%) CI/CD
5 286 (28.83%) Scrum
6 258 (26.01%) DevOps
7 219 (22.08%) Pair Programming
8 189 (19.05%) Continuous Integration
9 164 (16.53%) Software Engineering
10 95 (9.58%) Kanban
11 94 (9.48%) OO
12 91 (9.17%) Software Delivery
13 88 (8.87%) Mentoring
14 82 (8.27%) Unit Testing
15 79 (7.96%) Analytics
16 76 (7.66%) User Stories
17 74 (7.46%) Full Stack Development
18 68 (6.85%) Problem-Solving
19 67 (6.75%) Continuous Improvement
Programming Languages
1 502 (50.60%) Java
2 218 (21.98%) JavaScript
3 175 (17.64%) SQL
4 155 (15.63%) C#
5 119 (12.00%) Scala
6 113 (11.39%) Python
7 87 (8.77%) Java 8
8 83 (8.37%) Java 11
9 78 (7.86%) TypeScript
10 38 (3.83%) Kotlin
11 23 (2.32%) Shell Script
12 16 (1.61%) ES6
13 15 (1.51%) Go
14 13 (1.31%) Ruby
15 12 (1.21%) Apple Swift
15 12 (1.21%) PowerShell
16 11 (1.11%) Groovy
17 9 (0.91%) C
17 9 (0.91%) PHP
18 8 (0.81%) PL/SQL
Qualifications
1 68 (6.85%) Security Cleared
2 63 (6.35%) SC Cleared
3 22 (2.22%) Degree
4 11 (1.11%) Computer Science Degree
5 8 (0.81%) AWS Certification
6 7 (0.71%) ISTQB
7 6 (0.60%) ISEB
8 5 (0.50%) BPSS Clearance
8 5 (0.50%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
9 4 (0.40%) DV Cleared
9 4 (0.40%) OCPJP
9 4 (0.40%) Sun Certification
10 3 (0.30%) Numerate Degree
11 2 (0.20%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
12 1 (0.10%) ITIL Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 90 (9.07%) QA
2 17 (1.71%) Accessibility
3 3 (0.30%) SLA
3 3 (0.30%) WCAG
4 2 (0.20%) Data Quality
4 2 (0.20%) HL7
5 1 (0.10%) IFRS
5 1 (0.10%) MiFID
5 1 (0.10%) PSD2
5 1 (0.10%) Sarbanes-Oxley
5 1 (0.10%) Solvency II
System Software
1 277 (27.92%) Docker
2 20 (2.02%) Active Directory
3 4 (0.40%) Virtual Desktop
4 3 (0.30%) Apache ZooKeeper
4 3 (0.30%) HDFS
5 2 (0.20%) Postfix
6 1 (0.10%) Virtual Machines
Systems Management
1 259 (26.11%) Kubernetes
2 62 (6.25%) Grafana
3 58 (5.85%) Prometheus
4 55 (5.54%) Terraform
5 24 (2.42%) Ansible
6 13 (1.31%) Kibana
7 11 (1.11%) logstash
8 8 (0.81%) Puppet
9 6 (0.60%) Istio
10 5 (0.50%) HP ALM
11 4 (0.40%) CA Wily
12 3 (0.30%) Hadoop YARN
12 3 (0.30%) HP Quality Center
12 3 (0.30%) Opscode Chef
13 1 (0.10%) Fortio
13 1 (0.10%) ITRS Geneos
13 1 (0.10%) Kiali
13 1 (0.10%) Rancher
Vendors
1 55 (5.54%) Oracle
2 53 (5.34%) Microsoft
3 25 (2.52%) Google
4 23 (2.32%) Hortonworks
5 18 (1.81%) Databricks
6 16 (1.61%) Sybase
7 15 (1.51%) Salesforce.com
8 8 (0.81%) CA Agile Central
8 8 (0.81%) Splunk
9 7 (0.71%) Atlassian
9 7 (0.71%) Salesforce Marketing Cloud
9 7 (0.71%) SAP
9 7 (0.71%) Zend
10 6 (0.60%) HP
10 6 (0.60%) Xamarin
11 5 (0.50%) AppDynamics
11 5 (0.50%) Cadence
11 5 (0.50%) Murex
11 5 (0.50%) Perfecto Mobile
12 4 (0.40%) hybris