Period
to 20 May 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for BDD skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited BDD over the 6 months to 20 May 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Behaviour-Driven Development (BDD)
England > London
6 months to
20 May 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 44 52 48
Rank change year-on-year +8 -4 +23
Contract jobs citing BDD 2,362 1,691 1,906
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 5.17% 4.26% 4.40%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 5.92% 4.93% 5.11%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,979 1,335 1,623
London median daily rate £500 £500 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.26% +11.76%
10th Percentile £388 £363 £353
90th Percentile £625 £625 £625
England median daily rate £485 £463 £450
% change year-on-year +4.86% +2.78% +11.80%
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 1 0
London median hourly rate - £165.00 -
England median hourly rate £47.50 £50.00 £45.00
% change year-on-year -5.00% +11.11% -

BDD is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 39,865 34,278 37,268
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 87.29% 86.42% 85.97%
Number of daily rates quoted 28,816 24,586 26,943
London median daily rate £500 £475 £455
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.26% +4.40% +1.11%
10th Percentile £325 £313 £300
90th Percentile £675 £650 £650
England median daily rate £463 £450 £425
% change year-on-year +2.78% +5.88% +4.94%
Number of hourly rates quoted 552 381 402
London median hourly rate £25.00 £25.00 £21.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - +19.05% +9.75%
10th Percentile £14.00 £12.50 £11.25
90th Percentile £52.40 £52.50 £51.65
England median hourly rate £22.00 £25.00 £23.00
% change year-on-year -12.00% +8.70% +9.52%

BDD
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing BDD as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for BDD in London

BDD
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing BDD in London.

Contractor daily rate trend for BDD in London

BDD
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing BDD in London over the 6 months to 20 May 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for BDD in London

BDD
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing BDD in London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for BDD in London

BDD
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing BDD within the London region over the 6 months to 20 May 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London -8 491 £513 +2.50% 130
West London +39 141 £518 +11.29% 76
South London -16 74 £475 +5.56% 8
East London +14 45 £500 +11.11% 24
North London +3 4 £438 +7.36% 2
BDD
England

For the 6 months to 20 May 2018, IT contractor jobs citing BDD also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for BDD.

1 1,924 (81.46%) TDD
2 1,848 (78.24%) Agile Software Development
3 1,065 (45.09%) Java
4 795 (33.66%) JavaScript
5 746 (31.58%) Scrum
6 727 (30.78%) Test Automation
7 609 (25.78%) Git (software)
8 592 (25.06%) Continuous Integration
9 565 (23.92%) Jenkins
10 540 (22.86%) Microservices
11 514 (21.76%) C#
12 498 (21.08%) REST
13 465 (19.69%) DevOps
14 460 (19.48%) HTML
15 456 (19.31%) Cucumber
16 436 (18.46%) RESTful
17 433 (18.33%) .NET
18 432 (18.29%) CSS
19 431 (18.25%) Spring
20 426 (18.04%) Node.js
21 422 (17.87%) MVC
22 418 (17.70%) Selenium
22 418 (17.70%) Amazon AWS
23 411 (17.40%) AngularJS
23 411 (17.40%) Web Services
24 406 (17.19%) Kanban
25 392 (16.60%) React
26 391 (16.55%) SQL
27 371 (15.71%) Docker
28 367 (15.54%) Pair Programming

BDD
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 180 (7.62%) Elasticsearch
2 171 (7.24%) Confluence
3 67 (2.84%) NServiceBus
4 57 (2.41%) Tomcat
5 51 (2.16%) CMS
6 42 (1.78%) Apache
7 39 (1.65%) Apache Spark
8 37 (1.57%) JBoss
9 29 (1.23%) Cloud Foundry
10 28 (1.19%) Adobe Experience Manager
10 28 (1.19%) WebSphere
11 26 (1.10%) MQSeries
12 23 (0.97%) Oracle SOA Suite
13 21 (0.89%) Jetty
14 18 (0.76%) Mule
15 14 (0.59%) IIS
15 14 (0.59%) WebLogic
16 12 (0.51%) Apache Solr
17 11 (0.47%) EPiServer
17 11 (0.47%) WordPress
Applications
1 9 (0.38%) Photoshop
2 8 (0.34%) MS Visio
3 6 (0.25%) GIMP
4 5 (0.21%) Microsoft Office
5 4 (0.17%) Chatbot
6 3 (0.13%) Microsoft Excel
7 2 (0.085%) InVision
8 1 (0.042%) Microsoft Project
8 1 (0.042%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 20 (0.85%) Payment Gateway
2 7 (0.30%) Dynamics CRM
3 4 (0.17%) Magento
4 2 (0.085%) Adobe Campaign
4 2 (0.085%) Eloqua
4 2 (0.085%) Endur
4 2 (0.085%) FastStats
4 2 (0.085%) Markit EDM
4 2 (0.085%) Unica
5 1 (0.042%) LatentZero
5 1 (0.042%) Minerva
5 1 (0.042%) Tesseract
5 1 (0.042%) thinkFolio
Cloud Services
1 418 (17.70%) Amazon AWS
2 266 (11.26%) Microsoft Azure
3 70 (2.96%) npm
4 69 (2.92%) GitHub
5 50 (2.12%) Heroku
6 46 (1.95%) Google Cloud Platform
7 42 (1.78%) Serverless
8 34 (1.44%) Cloud Computing
9 32 (1.35%) BrowserStack
10 31 (1.31%) Amazon EC2
11 23 (0.97%) Sauce Labs
12 19 (0.80%) PaaS
13 18 (0.76%) AWS Lambda
14 14 (0.59%) Algolia
14 14 (0.59%) Bluemix
14 14 (0.59%) IBM Cloud
15 13 (0.55%) Amazon S3
15 13 (0.55%) Slack
16 11 (0.47%) IaaS
17 10 (0.42%) SaaS
Communications & Networking
1 113 (4.78%) HTTP
2 40 (1.69%) TCP/IP
3 38 (1.61%) DNS
3 38 (1.61%) FTP
4 33 (1.40%) SSL
5 16 (0.68%) Internet
6 14 (0.59%) Firewall
7 4 (0.17%) FIX Connectivity
7 4 (0.17%) SSH
8 3 (0.13%) Broadband
8 3 (0.13%) DSL
8 3 (0.13%) HTTPS
8 3 (0.13%) Intranet
8 3 (0.13%) MQTT
9 2 (0.085%) Kerberos
9 2 (0.085%) SMTP
10 1 (0.042%) Network Security
10 1 (0.042%) SAN
10 1 (0.042%) Wireshark
Database & Business Intelligence
1 289 (12.24%) NoSQL
2 228 (9.65%) MongoDB
3 190 (8.04%) SQL Server
4 176 (7.45%) PostgreSQL
5 106 (4.49%) Relational Database
6 99 (4.19%) MySQL
7 98 (4.15%) Big Data
8 89 (3.77%) Apache Cassandra
9 72 (3.05%) Redis
10 71 (3.01%) Hadoop
11 62 (2.62%) Neo4j
12 45 (1.91%) HBase
13 29 (1.23%) Couchbase
14 23 (0.97%) Amazon Redshift
15 22 (0.93%) RavenDB
16 19 (0.80%) Amazon DynamoDB
17 18 (0.76%) Oracle Database
18 17 (0.72%) Endeca
19 16 (0.68%) SQL Server 2012
20 15 (0.64%) RDBMS
Development Applications
1 609 (25.78%) Git (software)
2 565 (23.92%) Jenkins
3 456 (19.31%) Cucumber
4 418 (17.70%) Selenium
5 313 (13.25%) Maven
6 287 (12.15%) JIRA
7 175 (7.41%) SpecFlow
8 165 (6.99%) Mockito
9 152 (6.44%) WebDriver
10 149 (6.31%) JUnit
11 122 (5.17%) Gradle
12 113 (4.78%) TeamCity
12 113 (4.78%) webpack
13 102 (4.32%) Subversion
14 83 (3.51%) NUnit
15 82 (3.47%) Jasmine
16 76 (3.22%) Sonatype Nexus
17 73 (3.09%) Mocha
18 70 (2.96%) SoapUI
19 69 (2.92%) gulp
General
1 366 (15.50%) Finance
2 259 (10.97%) Banking
3 113 (4.78%) Retail
4 81 (3.43%) Games
5 59 (2.50%) Investment Banking
6 40 (1.69%) Telecoms
7 27 (1.14%) Marketing
8 25 (1.06%) Front Office
9 22 (0.93%) Financial Institution
10 18 (0.76%) Retail Banking
11 16 (0.68%) Publishing
12 15 (0.64%) Back Office
13 13 (0.55%) Advertising
14 10 (0.42%) Legal
15 9 (0.38%) Automotive
16 8 (0.34%) Law
17 5 (0.21%) Pharmaceutical
18 2 (0.085%) International Banking
18 2 (0.085%) Private Banking
18 2 (0.085%) Wholesale Banking
Job Titles
1 1,566 (66.30%) Developer
2 541 (22.90%) Java Developer
3 296 (12.53%) Senior Developer
4 178 (7.54%) .NET Developer
5 171 (7.24%) C# Developer
6 162 (6.86%) Tester
7 158 (6.69%) React Developer
8 143 (6.05%) JavaScript Developer
9 135 (5.72%) Agile Developer
10 134 (5.67%) Full Stack Developer
11 117 (4.95%) Automation Tester
12 113 (4.78%) Senior Java Developer
13 108 (4.57%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
14 103 (4.36%) Analyst
15 96 (4.06%) Node.js Developer
16 90 (3.81%) Agile Java Developer
17 73 (3.09%) Software Engineer
18 71 (3.01%) DevOps Engineer
19 70 (2.96%) Android Developer
20 69 (2.92%) Java Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 498 (21.08%) REST
2 460 (19.48%) HTML
3 436 (18.46%) RESTful
4 433 (18.33%) .NET
5 432 (18.29%) CSS
6 431 (18.25%) Spring
7 426 (18.04%) Node.js
8 411 (17.40%) AngularJS
8 411 (17.40%) Web Services
9 392 (16.60%) React
10 274 (11.60%) HTML5
11 225 (9.53%) Hibernate
12 212 (8.98%) CSS3
13 164 (6.94%) ASP.NET
14 162 (6.86%) Spring Boot
15 144 (6.10%) SOAP
16 137 (5.80%) JSON
17 131 (5.55%) Gherkin
17 131 (5.55%) Redux
18 127 (5.38%) ASP.NET Web API
Miscellaneous
1 233 (9.86%) Greenfield Project
2 187 (7.92%) User Experience
3 140 (5.93%) Mobile App
4 109 (4.61%) Fintech
5 63 (2.67%) Enterprise Software
6 59 (2.50%) iPad
7 54 (2.29%) Analytical Skills
8 38 (1.61%) Video on Demand
9 35 (1.48%) Computer Science
10 34 (1.44%) Self-Motivation
11 33 (1.40%) Virtual Team
12 29 (1.23%) Algorithms
12 29 (1.23%) Linux Command Line
13 22 (0.93%) Over-the-Top Content
14 21 (0.89%) Blog
14 21 (0.89%) Derivative
15 20 (0.85%) iPhone
16 19 (0.80%) Clustering
17 17 (0.72%) Social Media
17 17 (0.72%) Video\Live Streaming
Operating Systems
1 229 (9.70%) Linux
2 160 (6.77%) Android
3 146 (6.18%) Unix
4 140 (5.93%) Apple iOS
5 43 (1.82%) Windows
6 40 (1.69%) Mac OS X
7 9 (0.38%) Nucleus RTOS
8 7 (0.30%) Windows Phone
9 6 (0.25%) Mac OS
9 6 (0.25%) VMS
10 5 (0.21%) Ubuntu
11 4 (0.17%) CentOS
12 2 (0.085%) Windows 2000
12 2 (0.085%) Windows Vista
13 1 (0.042%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
13 1 (0.042%) Solaris
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,924 (81.46%) TDD
2 1,848 (78.24%) Agile Software Development
3 746 (31.58%) Scrum
4 727 (30.78%) Test Automation
5 592 (25.06%) Continuous Integration
6 540 (22.86%) Microservices
7 465 (19.69%) DevOps
8 422 (17.87%) MVC
9 406 (17.19%) Kanban
10 367 (15.54%) Pair Programming
11 332 (14.06%) Software Engineering
12 306 (12.96%) E-Commerce
13 294 (12.45%) Unit Testing
14 282 (11.94%) Continuous Delivery
15 220 (9.31%) OO
16 150 (6.35%) User Stories
17 142 (6.01%) Open Source
18 136 (5.76%) Continuous Improvement
19 135 (5.72%) Front End Development
20 133 (5.63%) SDLC
Programming Languages
1 1,065 (45.09%) Java
2 795 (33.66%) JavaScript
3 514 (21.76%) C#
4 391 (16.55%) SQL
5 355 (15.03%) Java 8
6 234 (9.91%) Scala
7 167 (7.07%) Python
8 163 (6.90%) ES6
9 151 (6.39%) Ruby
10 128 (5.42%) Groovy
11 116 (4.91%) TypeScript
12 80 (3.39%) Apple Swift
13 57 (2.41%) Kotlin
14 54 (2.29%) Shell Script
15 48 (2.03%) T-SQL
16 43 (1.82%) Bash Shell
17 38 (1.61%) Go
18 36 (1.52%) PHP
19 35 (1.48%) Objective-C
20 31 (1.31%) Java 9
Qualifications
1 134 (5.67%) Security Cleared
2 116 (4.91%) SC Cleared
3 74 (3.13%) Degree
4 27 (1.14%) ISTQB
5 26 (1.10%) Computer Science Degree
6 19 (0.80%) ISEB
7 15 (0.64%) Master's Degree
8 7 (0.30%) DV Cleared
9 6 (0.25%) BPSS Clearance
9 6 (0.25%) CTC Cleared
10 5 (0.21%) AWS Certification
11 3 (0.13%) DBS Check
12 2 (0.085%) CBAP
12 2 (0.085%) IIBA
12 2 (0.085%) PMI Certification
12 2 (0.085%) PMP
13 1 (0.042%) APMG
13 1 (0.042%) CIPD
13 1 (0.042%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
13 1 (0.042%) ITIL Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 304 (12.87%) QA
2 22 (0.93%) GCP
3 7 (0.30%) GDPR
4 6 (0.25%) PCI DSS
4 6 (0.25%) PMO
5 5 (0.21%) MiFID
5 5 (0.21%) PSD2
6 3 (0.13%) Data Quality
6 3 (0.13%) EMIR
7 2 (0.085%) Disclosure Scotland
7 2 (0.085%) Dodd-Frank
7 2 (0.085%) SEPA
7 2 (0.085%) SLA
7 2 (0.085%) WCAG
8 1 (0.042%) ISO 20022
8 1 (0.042%) ISO 8583
8 1 (0.042%) WAI
System Software
1 371 (15.71%) Docker
2 16 (0.68%) VMware Infrastructure
2 16 (0.68%) vSphere
3 7 (0.30%) HDFS
4 6 (0.25%) Active Directory
5 1 (0.042%) Virtual Machines
Systems Management
1 133 (5.63%) Kubernetes
2 98 (4.15%) Ansible
3 86 (3.64%) Puppet
4 65 (2.75%) Terraform
5 59 (2.50%) Opscode Chef
6 44 (1.86%) Kibana
7 37 (1.57%) logstash
8 34 (1.44%) Docker Swarm
9 33 (1.40%) Grafana
9 33 (1.40%) Mesos
10 17 (0.72%) Consul
11 11 (0.47%) Cobbler
12 8 (0.34%) Control-M
12 8 (0.34%) HockeyApp
12 8 (0.34%) Marathon
13 7 (0.30%) BladeLogic
14 6 (0.25%) Hadoop YARN
15 3 (0.13%) HP Quality Center
15 3 (0.13%) Tivoli
16 2 (0.085%) Nagios
Vendors
1 110 (4.66%) Microsoft
2 86 (3.64%) Oracle
3 56 (2.37%) Splunk
4 55 (2.33%) Google
5 44 (1.86%) Salesforce.com
6 42 (1.78%) AppDynamics
7 34 (1.44%) Atlassian
8 31 (1.31%) IBM
9 30 (1.27%) Adobe
10 23 (0.97%) Sitecore
11 20 (0.85%) Coverity
12 18 (0.76%) ATG
12 18 (0.76%) MuleSoft
13 16 (0.68%) VMware
14 15 (0.64%) Apple
15 8 (0.34%) Cloudera
15 8 (0.34%) Embarcadero
15 8 (0.34%) Sybase
15 8 (0.34%) TIBCO
16 7 (0.30%) Hortonworks