Period
to 18 August 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for BDD skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited BDD over the 6 months to 18 August 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Behaviour-Driven Development (BDD)
England > London
6 months to
18 Aug 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 43 50 47
Rank change year-on-year +7 -3 +18
Contract jobs citing BDD 2,383 2,040 2,023
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 5.20% 4.74% 4.48%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 5.92% 5.40% 5.15%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,956 1,605 1,683
London median daily rate £513 £500 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.50% +5.26% +5.56%
10th Percentile £406 £373 £350
90th Percentile £638 £625 £638
England median daily rate £500 £475 £450
% change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2 0 1
London median hourly rate £18.00 - £55.00
10th Percentile £16.55 - £52.50
90th Percentile £19.45 - £57.50
England median hourly rate £37.50 £47.50 £45.50
% change year-on-year -21.05% +4.40% -

BDD is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 40,252 37,764 39,284
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 87.75% 87.67% 86.95%
Number of daily rates quoted 29,110 27,014 28,475
London median daily rate £500 £500 £463
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +0.10% +8.00% +2.78%
10th Percentile £325 £313 £300
90th Percentile £675 £656 £639
England median daily rate £463 £450 £425
% change year-on-year +2.78% +5.88% +3.66%
Number of hourly rates quoted 526 380 336
London median hourly rate £23.50 £24.12 £21.17
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -2.55% +13.91% +5.85%
10th Percentile £14.00 £13.21 £11.25
90th Percentile £54.81 £50.00 £53.75
England median hourly rate £21.50 £24.00 £23.50
% change year-on-year -10.42% +2.13% +9.05%

BDD
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing BDD as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for BDD in London

BDD
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing BDD in London.

Contractor daily rate trend for BDD in London

BDD
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing BDD in London over the 6 months to 18 August 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for BDD in London

BDD
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing BDD in London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for BDD in London

BDD
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing BDD within the London region over the 6 months to 18 August 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London -9 469 £513 +2.50% 147
West London +7 120 £515 +5.10% 79
South London -36 101 £475 -9.35% 13
East London +12 46 £500 +2.56% 22
North London +3 3 £750 +143.90% 2
BDD
England

For the 6 months to 18 August 2018, IT contractor jobs citing BDD also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for BDD.

1 1,926 (80.82%) TDD
2 1,816 (76.21%) Agile Software Development
3 1,072 (44.99%) Java
4 781 (32.77%) JavaScript
5 758 (31.81%) Scrum
6 707 (29.67%) Test Automation
7 586 (24.59%) Continuous Integration
8 582 (24.42%) Jenkins
9 561 (23.54%) Git (software)
10 541 (22.70%) Microservices
11 524 (21.99%) REST
12 523 (21.95%) C#
13 452 (18.97%) DevOps
14 448 (18.80%) Cucumber
15 446 (18.72%) SQL
16 444 (18.63%) HTML
17 442 (18.55%) .NET
18 421 (17.67%) AngularJS
19 420 (17.62%) Selenium
20 419 (17.58%) CSS
21 415 (17.42%) Node.js
22 414 (17.37%) Spring
23 405 (17.00%) Amazon AWS
24 395 (16.58%) Finance
25 392 (16.45%) React
26 387 (16.24%) Kanban
27 378 (15.86%) Web Services
28 375 (15.74%) RESTful
29 370 (15.53%) Docker
30 350 (14.69%) Pair Programming

BDD
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 167 (7.01%) Confluence
2 136 (5.71%) Elasticsearch
3 85 (3.57%) NServiceBus
4 74 (3.11%) Apache Spark
5 55 (2.31%) Apache
6 47 (1.97%) Tomcat
7 42 (1.76%) CMS
8 37 (1.55%) JBoss
9 35 (1.47%) Cloud Foundry
10 23 (0.97%) Apache Solr
11 20 (0.84%) Adobe Experience Manager
12 18 (0.76%) Jetty
13 16 (0.67%) Apache Airflow
13 16 (0.67%) Mule
14 15 (0.63%) IIS
15 14 (0.59%) WebSphere
16 12 (0.50%) GlassFish
16 12 (0.50%) WebLogic
17 11 (0.46%) Alfresco
17 11 (0.46%) MQSeries
Applications
1 10 (0.42%) Microsoft Excel
2 9 (0.38%) Chatbot
3 8 (0.34%) Photoshop
4 6 (0.25%) GIMP
5 3 (0.13%) InVision
5 3 (0.13%) Microsoft Office
5 3 (0.13%) MS Visio
6 2 (0.084%) Microsoft Project
6 2 (0.084%) S-PLUS
7 1 (0.042%) Microsoft PowerPoint
Business Applications
1 11 (0.46%) Payment Gateway
2 8 (0.34%) Dynamics CRM
2 8 (0.34%) Eloqua
2 8 (0.34%) Endur
3 2 (0.084%) Adobe Campaign
3 2 (0.084%) Distributed Ledger
3 2 (0.084%) FastStats
3 2 (0.084%) Magento
3 2 (0.084%) SAP Hybris
3 2 (0.084%) Summit
3 2 (0.084%) Unica
4 1 (0.042%) LatentZero
4 1 (0.042%) Minerva
4 1 (0.042%) Oracle Subledger Accounting
4 1 (0.042%) Tesseract
4 1 (0.042%) thinkFolio
Cloud Services
1 405 (17.00%) Amazon AWS
2 306 (12.84%) Microsoft Azure
3 105 (4.41%) GitHub
4 75 (3.15%) Google Cloud Platform
5 50 (2.10%) Heroku
6 46 (1.93%) Cloud Computing
7 45 (1.89%) Serverless
8 44 (1.85%) npm
9 38 (1.59%) BrowserStack
9 38 (1.59%) Sauce Labs
10 22 (0.92%) AWS Lambda
11 21 (0.88%) IBM Cloud
12 20 (0.84%) PaaS
13 18 (0.76%) Amazon EC2
14 16 (0.67%) IaaS
15 13 (0.55%) SaaS
15 13 (0.55%) Slack
16 10 (0.42%) Amazon S3
16 10 (0.42%) Google Analytics
17 9 (0.38%) Amazon SQS
Communications & Networking
1 90 (3.78%) HTTP
2 25 (1.05%) DNS
2 25 (1.05%) FTP
3 23 (0.97%) AMQP
4 22 (0.92%) TCP/IP
5 21 (0.88%) Internet
6 20 (0.84%) SSL
7 13 (0.55%) HTTPS
8 12 (0.50%) Kerberos
9 5 (0.21%) Firewall
10 4 (0.17%) FIX Connectivity
10 4 (0.17%) MQTT
11 3 (0.13%) DSL
11 3 (0.13%) Intranet
12 2 (0.084%) Broadband
12 2 (0.084%) Network Security
13 1 (0.042%) BGP
13 1 (0.042%) LAN
13 1 (0.042%) MPLS
13 1 (0.042%) OSPF
Database & Business Intelligence
1 283 (11.88%) NoSQL
2 212 (8.90%) SQL Server
3 172 (7.22%) MongoDB
4 162 (6.80%) PostgreSQL
5 135 (5.67%) Big Data
6 127 (5.33%) Relational Database
7 92 (3.86%) MySQL
8 79 (3.32%) Apache Cassandra
9 76 (3.19%) Hadoop
10 67 (2.81%) HBase
11 47 (1.97%) Neo4j
12 46 (1.93%) Redis
13 32 (1.34%) Amazon Redshift
14 31 (1.30%) Azure SQL Database
15 22 (0.92%) BigQuery
16 21 (0.88%) Couchbase
17 16 (0.67%) Data Lake
18 15 (0.63%) Amazon DynamoDB
19 14 (0.59%) SQL Server 2012
20 13 (0.55%) RavenDB
Development Applications
1 582 (24.42%) Jenkins
2 561 (23.54%) Git (software)
3 448 (18.80%) Cucumber
4 420 (17.62%) Selenium
5 308 (12.92%) Maven
6 282 (11.83%) JIRA
7 196 (8.22%) WebDriver
8 187 (7.85%) SpecFlow
9 183 (7.68%) JUnit
10 145 (6.08%) Mockito
11 104 (4.36%) Subversion
12 91 (3.82%) Gradle
13 86 (3.61%) SoapUI
14 82 (3.44%) TeamCity
15 75 (3.15%) Team Foundation Server
16 74 (3.11%) webpack
17 72 (3.02%) NUnit
18 67 (2.81%) SonarQube
19 64 (2.69%) Mocha
20 63 (2.64%) Sonatype Nexus
General
1 395 (16.58%) Finance
2 334 (14.02%) Banking
3 118 (4.95%) Retail
4 79 (3.32%) Games
5 74 (3.11%) Investment Banking
6 54 (2.27%) Telecoms
7 44 (1.85%) Front Office
8 28 (1.17%) Marketing
9 23 (0.97%) Back Office
9 23 (0.97%) Publishing
10 20 (0.84%) Financial Institution
11 19 (0.80%) Advertising
12 17 (0.71%) Retail Banking
13 15 (0.63%) Law
14 12 (0.50%) Pharmaceutical
15 8 (0.34%) Automotive
16 7 (0.29%) Legal
17 4 (0.17%) Wholesale Banking
18 2 (0.084%) Portuguese Language
18 2 (0.084%) Private Banking
Job Titles
1 1,562 (65.55%) Developer
2 527 (22.11%) Java Developer
3 288 (12.09%) Senior Developer
4 210 (8.81%) C# Developer
5 180 (7.55%) .NET Developer
6 173 (7.26%) React Developer
7 151 (6.34%) Tester
8 146 (6.13%) JavaScript Developer
9 137 (5.75%) Senior Java Developer
10 130 (5.46%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
11 123 (5.16%) Analyst
12 121 (5.08%) Full Stack Developer
13 116 (4.87%) Automation Tester
14 92 (3.86%) Angular Developer
15 84 (3.52%) Agile Developer
16 81 (3.40%) Node.js Developer
17 80 (3.36%) AWS Developer
18 79 (3.32%) C# .NET Developer
19 75 (3.15%) Software Engineer
20 68 (2.85%) Scala Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 524 (21.99%) REST
2 444 (18.63%) HTML
3 442 (18.55%) .NET
4 421 (17.67%) AngularJS
5 419 (17.58%) CSS
6 415 (17.42%) Node.js
7 414 (17.37%) Spring
8 392 (16.45%) React
9 378 (15.86%) Web Services
10 375 (15.74%) RESTful
11 251 (10.53%) HTML5
12 204 (8.56%) Hibernate
13 182 (7.64%) Spring Boot
14 176 (7.39%) CSS3
15 164 (6.88%) ASP.NET
16 147 (6.17%) JSON
17 144 (6.04%) Sass
18 143 (6.00%) SOAP
19 134 (5.62%) Kafka
20 132 (5.54%) XML
Miscellaneous
1 231 (9.69%) Greenfield Project
2 204 (8.56%) User Experience
3 144 (6.04%) Mobile App
4 136 (5.71%) Fintech
5 76 (3.19%) Analytical Skills
6 73 (3.06%) iPad
7 55 (2.31%) Computer Science
8 49 (2.06%) Algorithms
8 49 (2.06%) Enterprise Software
9 34 (1.43%) Data Structures
9 34 (1.43%) Self-Motivation
10 32 (1.34%) Virtual Team
11 31 (1.30%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
12 27 (1.13%) Derivative
12 27 (1.13%) Fixed Income
12 27 (1.13%) iPhone
12 27 (1.13%) Video on Demand
13 25 (1.05%) Equities
14 23 (0.97%) Video\Live Streaming
15 20 (0.84%) Over-the-Top Content
Operating Systems
1 235 (9.86%) Linux
2 145 (6.08%) Unix
3 121 (5.08%) Android
4 120 (5.04%) Apple iOS
5 62 (2.60%) Windows
6 31 (1.30%) Mac OS X
7 13 (0.55%) Ubuntu
8 7 (0.29%) VMS
9 6 (0.25%) Mac OS
10 5 (0.21%) CentOS
11 2 (0.084%) Nucleus RTOS
11 2 (0.084%) Windows 2000
11 2 (0.084%) Windows Phone
11 2 (0.084%) Windows Vista
12 1 (0.042%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
12 1 (0.042%) Tizen
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,926 (80.82%) TDD
2 1,816 (76.21%) Agile Software Development
3 758 (31.81%) Scrum
4 707 (29.67%) Test Automation
5 586 (24.59%) Continuous Integration
6 541 (22.70%) Microservices
7 452 (18.97%) DevOps
8 387 (16.24%) Kanban
9 350 (14.69%) Pair Programming
10 314 (13.18%) MVC
11 303 (12.72%) Unit Testing
12 285 (11.96%) Software Engineering
13 281 (11.79%) OO
14 279 (11.71%) E-Commerce
15 229 (9.61%) Continuous Delivery
16 182 (7.64%) Front End Development
17 158 (6.63%) Mentoring
18 156 (6.55%) SOA
19 152 (6.38%) Open Source
20 142 (5.96%) User Stories
Programming Languages
1 1,072 (44.99%) Java
2 781 (32.77%) JavaScript
3 523 (21.95%) C#
4 446 (18.72%) SQL
5 334 (14.02%) Java 8
6 208 (8.73%) Scala
7 183 (7.68%) Python
8 137 (5.75%) ES6
9 125 (5.25%) TypeScript
10 117 (4.91%) Groovy
11 98 (4.11%) Ruby
12 80 (3.36%) Apple Swift
13 68 (2.85%) T-SQL
14 56 (2.35%) Kotlin
15 48 (2.01%) Objective-C
16 42 (1.76%) PHP
17 41 (1.72%) Bash Shell
18 40 (1.68%) Shell Script
19 28 (1.17%) Go
20 27 (1.13%) PowerShell
Qualifications
1 125 (5.25%) Security Cleared
2 113 (4.74%) SC Cleared
3 100 (4.20%) Degree
4 39 (1.64%) Computer Science Degree
5 33 (1.38%) ISEB
5 33 (1.38%) ISTQB
6 14 (0.59%) BPSS Clearance
7 12 (0.50%) Master's Degree
8 5 (0.21%) CTC Cleared
9 4 (0.17%) ISEB Practitioner
9 4 (0.17%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
10 3 (0.13%) DBS Check
10 3 (0.13%) DV Cleared
10 3 (0.13%) PMI Certification
10 3 (0.13%) PMP
11 2 (0.084%) AWS Certification
11 2 (0.084%) Numerate Degree
12 1 (0.042%) APMG
12 1 (0.042%) CIPD
12 1 (0.042%) ITIL Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 313 (13.13%) QA
2 45 (1.89%) GCP
3 10 (0.42%) GDPR
4 9 (0.38%) Data Quality
5 8 (0.34%) PCI DSS
5 8 (0.34%) PMO
6 6 (0.25%) EMIR
6 6 (0.25%) MiFID
7 5 (0.21%) Disclosure Scotland
7 5 (0.21%) PSD2
8 2 (0.084%) Dodd-Frank
8 2 (0.084%) WAI
8 2 (0.084%) WCAG
9 1 (0.042%) SEPA
9 1 (0.042%) SLA
System Software
1 370 (15.53%) Docker
2 17 (0.71%) HDFS
3 15 (0.63%) vSphere
4 14 (0.59%) VMware Infrastructure
5 7 (0.29%) Active Directory
6 3 (0.13%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 1 (0.042%) IAG
7 1 (0.042%) Virtual Machines
Systems Management
1 158 (6.63%) Kubernetes
2 109 (4.57%) Ansible
3 79 (3.32%) Terraform
4 74 (3.11%) Puppet
5 43 (1.80%) Mesos
6 39 (1.64%) Kibana
7 29 (1.22%) Opscode Chef
8 28 (1.17%) logstash
9 27 (1.13%) Grafana
10 25 (1.05%) Consul
11 11 (0.46%) Docker Swarm
12 10 (0.42%) HP Quality Center
12 10 (0.42%) Marathon
13 7 (0.29%) HockeyApp
14 6 (0.25%) Control-M
14 6 (0.25%) Hadoop YARN
15 3 (0.13%) Cobbler
15 3 (0.13%) Single Sign-On
16 2 (0.084%) Oozie
16 2 (0.084%) Prometheus
Vendors
1 147 (6.17%) Microsoft
2 75 (3.15%) Oracle
3 59 (2.48%) Google
4 47 (1.97%) Atlassian
5 41 (1.72%) IBM
6 36 (1.51%) Splunk
7 32 (1.34%) Salesforce.com
8 27 (1.13%) MuleSoft
9 23 (0.97%) Sybase
10 22 (0.92%) Adobe
11 20 (0.84%) Apple
12 18 (0.76%) AppDynamics
13 17 (0.71%) TIBCO
14 15 (0.63%) VMware
15 11 (0.46%) Murex
16 9 (0.38%) Perfecto Mobile
16 9 (0.38%) Tableau
17 8 (0.34%) Cloudera
17 8 (0.34%) Coverity
17 8 (0.34%) Salesforce Marketing Cloud