Period
to

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for BDD skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited BDD over the 6 months to 3 July 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Behaviour-Driven Development (BDD)
England > London
6 months to
3 Jul 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 119 83 66
Rank change year-on-year -36 -17 -9
Contract jobs citing BDD 920 873 671
As % of all contract jobs advertised in London 2.32% 3.15% 3.80%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 2.54% 3.45% 4.23%
Number of daily rates quoted 718 669 542
10th Percentile £425 £413 £407
25th Percentile £500 £475 £469
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £600 £550 £550
Median % change year-on-year +9.09% - +2.33%
75th Percentile £688 £638 £614
90th Percentile £743 £688 £675
England median daily rate £575 £525 £525
% change year-on-year +9.52% - +5.00%
Number of hourly rates quoted 4 1 3
10th Percentile £45.83 - £46.40
25th Percentile £52.69 £25.25 £48.50
Median hourly rate £68.06 £25.50 £54.00
Median % change year-on-year +166.91% -52.78% +369.57%
75th Percentile £79.69 £25.75 £58.50
90th Percentile - - £60.00
England median hourly rate £58.00 £65.50 £53.56
% change year-on-year -11.45% +22.29% +365.76%

BDD is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 36,252 25,310 15,881
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 91.53% 91.40% 90.03%
Number of daily rates quoted 26,538 18,129 11,426
10th Percentile £400 £360 £330
25th Percentile £475 £438 £425
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £575 £525 £525
Median % change year-on-year +9.52% - +1.45%
75th Percentile £690 £638 £619
90th Percentile £788 £713 £710
England median daily rate £550 £500 £480
% change year-on-year +10.00% +4.17% +1.05%
Number of hourly rates quoted 371 253 183
10th Percentile £17.13 £15.73 £14.08
25th Percentile £23.91 £20.75 £19.99
Median hourly rate £36.41 £32.85 £33.50
Median % change year-on-year +10.84% -1.94% +48.89%
75th Percentile £53.75 £51.00 £47.83
90th Percentile £69.38 £65.60 £61.25
England median hourly rate £28.41 £24.00 £22.67
% change year-on-year +18.38% +5.86% -1.06%

BDD
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing BDD as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for BDD in London

BDD
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing BDD in London.

Daily rate trend for BDD in London

BDD
Daily Rate Histogram in London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing BDD in London over the 6 months to 3 July 2022.

Daily rate histogram for BDD in London

BDD
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing BDD in London.

Hourly rate trend for BDD in London

BDD
Hourly Rate Histogram in London

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing BDD in London over the 6 months to 3 July 2022.

Hourly rate histogram for BDD in London

BDD
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing BDD within the London region over the 6 months to 3 July 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
Central London -48 98 £593 -1.25% 58
West London -23 20 £650 +10.17% 18
South London -15 16 £625 +47.06% 3
BDD
England

For the 6 months to 3 July 2022, IT contractor jobs citing BDD also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for BDD.

1 683 (74.24%) TDD
2 663 (72.07%) Agile
3 464 (50.43%) Java
4 365 (39.67%) Microservices
5 322 (35.00%) Test Automation
6 321 (34.89%) CI/CD
7 261 (28.37%) DevOps
8 259 (28.15%) Scrum
9 252 (27.39%) Azure
10 233 (25.33%) Docker
11 229 (24.89%) Kubernetes
12 216 (23.48%) JavaScript
13 215 (23.37%) Git (software)
14 207 (22.50%) AWS
15 206 (22.39%) Jenkins
16 189 (20.54%) REST
17 175 (19.02%) Finance
18 169 (18.37%) C#
19 164 (17.83%) React
20 163 (17.72%) Spring
21 156 (16.96%) Pair Programming
22 153 (16.63%) Social Skills
23 152 (16.52%) SQL
24 149 (16.20%) Python
24 149 (16.20%) Maven
25 148 (16.09%) Continuous Integration
26 144 (15.65%) Software Engineering
27 138 (15.00%) JIRA
28 135 (14.67%) Cucumber
29 125 (13.59%) .NET

BDD
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 70 (7.61%) Confluence
2 64 (6.96%) Apache Spark
3 25 (2.72%) JBoss
4 24 (2.61%) Apache
5 20 (2.17%) Mule
6 18 (1.96%) Red Hat Fuse
7 17 (1.85%) Apache Airflow
8 14 (1.52%) Oracle Coherence
9 13 (1.41%) WebSphere
10 12 (1.30%) CMS
11 9 (0.98%) Cloud Foundry
11 9 (0.98%) Headless CMS
12 7 (0.76%) Alfresco
12 7 (0.76%) Tomcat
13 6 (0.65%) Apache Solr
13 6 (0.65%) WebSphere Application Server
14 4 (0.43%) SharePoint
15 3 (0.33%) Jupyter
15 3 (0.33%) OpenStack
15 3 (0.33%) WebLogic
Applications
1 18 (1.96%) Microsoft Excel
2 5 (0.54%) MS Visio
3 2 (0.22%) Microsoft Office
Business Applications
1 9 (0.98%) Misys Midas
2 5 (0.54%) Carpe Diem
2 5 (0.54%) Elite 3E
3 3 (0.33%) Endur
4 2 (0.22%) Dynamics CRM
4 2 (0.22%) Salesforce.com CRM
5 1 (0.11%) RMDS
5 1 (0.11%) Shopify
Cloud Services
1 252 (27.39%) Azure
2 207 (22.50%) AWS
3 100 (10.87%) GitHub
4 73 (7.93%) GCP
5 67 (7.28%) Azure DevOps
6 58 (6.30%) Serverless
7 33 (3.59%) AWS Lambda
8 22 (2.39%) Azure AKS
9 21 (2.28%) Amazon EKS
10 20 (2.17%) Azure Service Bus
11 18 (1.96%) Amazon SQS
12 17 (1.85%) Amazon EC2
12 17 (1.85%) Apigee
12 17 (1.85%) Azure Functions
12 17 (1.85%) OpenShift
13 15 (1.63%) Azure Monitor
13 15 (1.63%) PaaS
14 14 (1.52%) Azure Key Vault
14 14 (1.52%) NuGet
15 13 (1.41%) Amazon S3
Communications & Networking
1 25 (2.72%) HTTP
2 22 (2.39%) MQTT
3 6 (0.65%) Firewall
3 6 (0.65%) Internet
4 5 (0.54%) Intrusion Detection
5 4 (0.43%) Broadband
6 3 (0.33%) SSL
7 2 (0.22%) Kerberos
8 1 (0.11%) AMQP
8 1 (0.11%) DSL
Database & Business Intelligence
1 99 (10.76%) MongoDB
2 86 (9.35%) NoSQL
3 74 (8.04%) SQL Server
4 67 (7.28%) PostgreSQL
5 55 (5.98%) MySQL
6 53 (5.76%) Relational Database
7 51 (5.54%) Big Data
8 25 (2.72%) Delta Lake
9 24 (2.61%) DynamoDB
10 22 (2.39%) Elasticsearch
11 16 (1.74%) Apache Cassandra
12 15 (1.63%) Amazon Redshift
12 15 (1.63%) Azure SQL Database
13 12 (1.30%) RDBMS
14 10 (1.09%) Data Warehouse
14 10 (1.09%) MS Access
14 10 (1.09%) Oracle Reports
15 9 (0.98%) Hadoop
16 7 (0.76%) Amazon RDS
17 5 (0.54%) BigQuery
Development Applications
1 215 (23.37%) Git (software)
2 206 (22.39%) Jenkins
3 149 (16.20%) Maven
4 138 (15.00%) JIRA
5 135 (14.67%) Cucumber
6 103 (11.20%) Selenium
7 74 (8.04%) Gradle
8 64 (6.96%) JUnit
9 43 (4.67%) SpecFlow
10 42 (4.57%) Cypress.io
10 42 (4.57%) GitLab
11 33 (3.59%) Bitbucket
11 33 (3.59%) Postman
11 33 (3.59%) TeamCity
12 32 (3.48%) Mockito
13 28 (3.04%) WebDriver
14 26 (2.83%) JMeter
15 24 (2.61%) REST Assured
16 23 (2.50%) jMock
17 22 (2.39%) Atlassian Bamboo
General
1 175 (19.02%) Finance
2 153 (16.63%) Social Skills
3 122 (13.26%) Banking
4 49 (5.33%) Investment Banking
5 47 (5.11%) Public Sector
6 43 (4.67%) Analytical Skills
7 36 (3.91%) Front Office
8 26 (2.83%) Retail
9 15 (1.63%) Presentation Skills
9 15 (1.63%) Publishing
10 13 (1.41%) Law
10 13 (1.41%) Retail Banking
11 12 (1.30%) Marketing
12 9 (0.98%) Games
13 7 (0.76%) Back Office
13 7 (0.76%) Documentation Skills
13 7 (0.76%) Legal
14 6 (0.65%) Influencing Skills
15 5 (0.54%) Advertising
16 3 (0.33%) Financial Institution
Job Titles
1 459 (49.89%) Developer
2 194 (21.09%) Java Developer
3 110 (11.96%) Senior Developer
4 78 (8.48%) Analyst
5 65 (7.07%) .NET Developer
6 62 (6.74%) Business Analyst
7 58 (6.30%) Senior Java Developer
8 56 (6.09%) Java Engineer
9 52 (5.65%) Full Stack Developer
10 48 (5.22%) Software Engineer
11 42 (4.57%) Test Engineer
12 41 (4.46%) C# Developer
12 41 (4.46%) Data Engineer
13 40 (4.35%) Tester
14 38 (4.13%) C# .NET Developer
15 33 (3.59%) Python Developer
16 31 (3.37%) Automation Tester
17 27 (2.93%) JavaScript Developer
17 27 (2.93%) Scala Developer
18 24 (2.61%) Integration Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 189 (20.54%) REST
2 164 (17.83%) React
3 163 (17.72%) Spring
4 125 (13.59%) .NET
4 125 (13.59%) Kafka
5 114 (12.39%) HTML
6 107 (11.63%) RESTful
7 94 (10.22%) Node.js
8 92 (10.00%) AngularJS
9 91 (9.89%) Spring Boot
10 87 (9.46%) CSS
11 71 (7.72%) Web Services
12 54 (5.87%) HTML5
13 52 (5.65%) GraphQL
14 51 (5.54%) .NET Framework
15 43 (4.67%) JSON
16 42 (4.57%) Gherkin
16 42 (4.57%) Hibernate
17 39 (4.24%) SOAP
18 38 (4.13%) JMS
Miscellaneous
1 56 (6.09%) Video\Live Streaming
2 51 (5.54%) Greenfield Project
3 46 (5.00%) Media Streaming
4 39 (4.24%) User Experience
5 32 (3.48%) Self-Motivation
6 24 (2.61%) Mobile App
7 22 (2.39%) IoT
8 19 (2.07%) Cloud Native
9 16 (1.74%) iPad
10 15 (1.63%) Data Structures
11 13 (1.41%) Legacy Systems
12 12 (1.30%) Algorithms
13 11 (1.20%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
13 11 (1.20%) Public Cloud
14 10 (1.09%) Enterprise Software
14 10 (1.09%) Virtual Team
15 9 (0.98%) Enterprise Cloud
16 8 (0.87%) Reference Data
17 7 (0.76%) Data Protection Act
17 7 (0.76%) Hedge funds
Operating Systems
1 62 (6.74%) Linux
2 47 (5.11%) Unix
3 24 (2.61%) Android
3 24 (2.61%) Windows
4 15 (1.63%) Apple iOS
5 11 (1.20%) Mac OS X
Processes & Methodologies
1 683 (74.24%) TDD
2 663 (72.07%) Agile
3 365 (39.67%) Microservices
4 322 (35.00%) Test Automation
5 321 (34.89%) CI/CD
6 261 (28.37%) DevOps
7 259 (28.15%) Scrum
8 156 (16.96%) Pair Programming
9 148 (16.09%) Continuous Integration
10 144 (15.65%) Software Engineering
11 119 (12.93%) Full Stack Development
12 102 (11.09%) OO
13 101 (10.98%) Analytics
14 98 (10.65%) User Stories
15 97 (10.54%) Kanban
16 94 (10.22%) Mentoring
17 75 (8.15%) Software Delivery
18 73 (7.93%) Acceptance Criteria
18 73 (7.93%) Event-Driven
19 72 (7.83%) Continuous Delivery
Programming Languages
1 464 (50.43%) Java
2 216 (23.48%) JavaScript
3 169 (18.37%) C#
4 152 (16.52%) SQL
5 149 (16.20%) Python
6 94 (10.22%) TypeScript
7 48 (5.22%) Scala
8 22 (2.39%) Bash
9 21 (2.28%) Kotlin
10 20 (2.17%) Go
11 18 (1.96%) Perl
12 16 (1.74%) PowerShell
13 15 (1.63%) PL/SQL
13 15 (1.63%) Shell Script
14 14 (1.52%) Ruby
15 13 (1.41%) R
16 11 (1.20%) VBA
17 10 (1.09%) ES6
18 8 (0.87%) T-SQL
19 7 (0.76%) Apple Swift
Qualifications
1 69 (7.50%) Security Cleared
2 64 (6.96%) SC Cleared
3 22 (2.39%) Degree
4 9 (0.98%) Computer Science Degree
4 9 (0.98%) ISTQB
5 8 (0.87%) AWS Certification
6 7 (0.76%) BPSS Clearance
7 5 (0.54%) CEH
7 5 (0.54%) CISM
7 5 (0.54%) CISSP
7 5 (0.54%) ISEB
8 3 (0.33%) DV Cleared
9 2 (0.22%) HNC
9 2 (0.22%) HND
9 2 (0.22%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
10 1 (0.11%) CFA
10 1 (0.11%) ITIL Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 92 (10.00%) QA
2 21 (2.28%) Accessibility
3 4 (0.43%) SLA
4 3 (0.33%) GDPR
4 3 (0.33%) MiFID
5 2 (0.22%) Data Quality
5 2 (0.22%) EMIR
5 2 (0.22%) PMO
5 2 (0.22%) WCAG
6 1 (0.11%) ISO 20022
6 1 (0.11%) Sarbanes-Oxley
6 1 (0.11%) WAI
System Software
1 233 (25.33%) Docker
2 8 (0.87%) Virtual Machines
3 5 (0.54%) VirtualBox
4 3 (0.33%) Active Directory
4 3 (0.33%) Platform Symphony
5 2 (0.22%) OpenAM
5 2 (0.22%) Postfix
6 1 (0.11%) OpenDJ
6 1 (0.11%) VMware Infrastructure
6 1 (0.11%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 229 (24.89%) Kubernetes
2 75 (8.15%) Terraform
3 48 (5.22%) Ansible
4 36 (3.91%) Puppet
5 31 (3.37%) Grafana
6 30 (3.26%) Prometheus
7 19 (2.07%) Istio
8 13 (1.41%) Kibana
8 13 (1.41%) Rancher
9 12 (1.30%) Docker Swarm
9 12 (1.30%) ITRS Geneos
9 12 (1.30%) Mesos
10 7 (0.76%) logstash
11 6 (0.65%) HP ALM
12 3 (0.33%) Control-M
12 3 (0.33%) IBM Guardium
12 3 (0.33%) Opscode Chef
13 2 (0.22%) Argo
13 2 (0.22%) Packer
14 1 (0.11%) Kiali
Vendors
1 67 (7.28%) Oracle
2 59 (6.41%) Microsoft
3 44 (4.78%) Databricks
4 24 (2.61%) Splunk
5 23 (2.50%) AppDynamics
5 23 (2.50%) Sybase
6 21 (2.28%) Google
6 21 (2.28%) IBM
6 21 (2.28%) Salesforce.com
7 15 (1.63%) Atlassian
8 14 (1.52%) Dynatrace
9 12 (1.30%) Salesforce Marketing Cloud
10 11 (1.20%) New Relic
11 9 (0.98%) ForgeRock
12 5 (0.54%) Cadence
12 5 (0.54%) Cloudera
12 5 (0.54%) Intapp
12 5 (0.54%) MuleSoft
12 5 (0.54%) Reuters
13 4 (0.43%) Murex