Period
to 17 November 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for BDD skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited BDD over the 6 months to 17 November 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Behaviour-Driven Development (BDD)
England > London
6 months to
17 Nov 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 40 40 48
Rank change year-on-year 0 +8 -3
Contract jobs citing BDD 2,492 2,521 2,126
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 5.42% 5.38% 4.69%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 6.19% 6.11% 5.38%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,006 2,042 1,745
London median daily rate £525 £501 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +4.90% +5.37% +5.56%
10th Percentile £413 £375 £363
90th Percentile £650 £625 £625
England median daily rate £500 £475 £463
% change year-on-year +5.26% +2.70% +8.82%
Number of hourly rates quoted 3 0 7
London median hourly rate £19.50 - £46.00
10th Percentile £16.85 - £45.30
90th Percentile £31.95 - £53.00
England median hourly rate £32.50 £33.00 £45.50
% change year-on-year -1.52% -27.47% +21.33%

BDD is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 40,233 41,239 39,523
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 87.57% 88.05% 87.25%
Number of daily rates quoted 29,022 29,928 28,327
London median daily rate £500 £500 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.26% +5.56%
10th Percentile £325 £313 £303
90th Percentile £675 £669 £642
England median daily rate £475 £450 £425
% change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +1.19%
Number of hourly rates quoted 471 394 417
London median hourly rate £23.13 £22.50 £21.78
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +2.80% +3.31% +8.90%
10th Percentile £13.13 £13.31 £12.21
90th Percentile £54.63 £51.40 £51.08
England median hourly rate £22.00 £23.50 £22.85
% change year-on-year -6.38% +2.87% +3.84%

BDD
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing BDD as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for BDD in London

BDD
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing BDD in London.

Contractor daily rate trend for BDD in London

BDD
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing BDD in London over the 6 months to 17 November 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for BDD in London

BDD
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing BDD in London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for BDD in London

BDD
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in London

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing BDD in London over the 6 months to 17 November 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for BDD in London

BDD
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing BDD within the London region over the 6 months to 17 November 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London +7 534 £525 +1.94% 128
West London -11 119 £513 -2.38% 97
South London -18 119 £475 -5.00% 5
East London +21 76 £563 +7.14% 25
North London -4 3 £750 +140.00% 6
BDD
England

For the 6 months to 17 November 2018, IT contractor jobs citing BDD also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for BDD.

1 2,019 (81.02%) TDD
2 1,848 (74.16%) Agile Software Development
3 1,170 (46.95%) Java
4 895 (35.91%) JavaScript
5 725 (29.09%) Test Automation
6 713 (28.61%) Scrum
7 669 (26.85%) Microservices
8 642 (25.76%) Jenkins
9 601 (24.12%) Git (software)
10 597 (23.96%) Continuous Integration
11 556 (22.31%) REST
12 512 (20.55%) C#
13 510 (20.47%) AngularJS
14 495 (19.86%) HTML
15 491 (19.70%) Docker
16 482 (19.34%) Spring
17 480 (19.26%) Finance
18 473 (18.98%) CSS
19 464 (18.62%) Selenium
20 457 (18.34%) Cucumber
21 456 (18.30%) Node.js
22 455 (18.26%) DevOps
23 451 (18.10%) SQL
24 442 (17.74%) .NET
24 442 (17.74%) Amazon AWS
25 430 (17.26%) RESTful
26 418 (16.77%) Web Services
27 400 (16.05%) React
28 392 (15.73%) Kanban
29 345 (13.84%) Microsoft Azure

BDD
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 190 (7.62%) Confluence
2 130 (5.22%) Elasticsearch
3 94 (3.77%) Apache Spark
4 59 (2.37%) Apache
5 51 (2.05%) NServiceBus
6 40 (1.61%) CMS
7 31 (1.24%) JBoss
8 27 (1.08%) Apache Solr
9 26 (1.04%) Mule
10 22 (0.88%) Tomcat
11 21 (0.84%) MQSeries
12 20 (0.80%) Cloud Foundry
13 17 (0.68%) Gunicorn
13 17 (0.68%) WebLogic
14 16 (0.64%) Apache Airflow
15 13 (0.52%) GlassFish
15 13 (0.52%) Jetty
16 12 (0.48%) IIS
17 9 (0.36%) Oracle SOA Suite
17 9 (0.36%) WebSphere
Applications
1 18 (0.72%) Microsoft Excel
2 7 (0.28%) InVision
3 6 (0.24%) Chatbot
3 6 (0.24%) MS Visio
4 4 (0.16%) Microsoft Office
4 4 (0.16%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 4 (0.16%) Microsoft Project
5 3 (0.12%) Photoshop
6 2 (0.080%) Adobe Illustrator
6 2 (0.080%) GIMP
6 2 (0.080%) S-PLUS
7 1 (0.040%) Mingle
7 1 (0.040%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 7 (0.28%) Endur
1 7 (0.28%) SAP Hybris
2 6 (0.24%) Eloqua
3 3 (0.12%) Dynamics CRM
4 2 (0.080%) Distributed Ledger
4 2 (0.080%) Payment Gateway
4 2 (0.080%) SAP HR
4 2 (0.080%) Summit
5 1 (0.040%) Oracle Subledger Accounting
Cloud Services
1 442 (17.74%) Amazon AWS
2 345 (13.84%) Microsoft Azure
3 126 (5.06%) GitHub
4 81 (3.25%) Google Cloud Platform
5 66 (2.65%) Serverless
6 43 (1.73%) Cloud Computing
7 41 (1.65%) Amazon EC2
8 36 (1.44%) AWS Lambda
9 35 (1.40%) Sauce Labs
10 34 (1.36%) BrowserStack
11 27 (1.08%) npm
12 25 (1.00%) Heroku
13 24 (0.96%) PaaS
14 21 (0.84%) Amazon SQS
15 19 (0.76%) Slack
16 18 (0.72%) Apigee
17 16 (0.64%) Amazon CloudWatch
18 12 (0.48%) SaaS
19 9 (0.36%) IBM Cloud
19 9 (0.36%) OpenShift
Communications & Networking
1 72 (2.89%) HTTP
2 41 (1.65%) AMQP
3 19 (0.76%) Kerberos
4 16 (0.64%) DNS
4 16 (0.64%) Internet
5 15 (0.60%) SSL
6 14 (0.56%) TCP/IP
7 13 (0.52%) FTP
7 13 (0.52%) HTTPS
8 3 (0.12%) BIG-IP
9 2 (0.080%) Firewall
9 2 (0.080%) Network Security
10 1 (0.040%) BGP
10 1 (0.040%) FIX Connectivity
10 1 (0.040%) LAN
10 1 (0.040%) MPLS
10 1 (0.040%) MQTT
10 1 (0.040%) OSPF
10 1 (0.040%) Skype
10 1 (0.040%) VPN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 277 (11.12%) NoSQL
2 229 (9.19%) SQL Server
3 156 (6.26%) PostgreSQL
4 155 (6.22%) MongoDB
5 133 (5.34%) Relational Database
6 132 (5.30%) MySQL
7 122 (4.90%) Big Data
8 93 (3.73%) Apache Cassandra
9 91 (3.65%) Hadoop
9 91 (3.65%) HBase
10 42 (1.69%) Azure SQL Database
11 36 (1.44%) Apache Hive
12 29 (1.16%) Redis
13 28 (1.12%) Couchbase
14 25 (1.00%) Data Lake
14 25 (1.00%) Neo4j
15 24 (0.96%) Amazon Redshift
15 24 (0.96%) Impala
16 23 (0.92%) Amazon DynamoDB
17 19 (0.76%) RDBMS
Development Applications
1 642 (25.76%) Jenkins
2 601 (24.12%) Git (software)
3 464 (18.62%) Selenium
4 457 (18.34%) Cucumber
5 323 (12.96%) JIRA
6 322 (12.92%) Maven
7 202 (8.11%) JUnit
7 202 (8.11%) WebDriver
8 182 (7.30%) SpecFlow
9 134 (5.38%) Mockito
10 101 (4.05%) Gradle
11 88 (3.53%) JMeter
11 88 (3.53%) Subversion
12 83 (3.33%) TeamCity
13 80 (3.21%) webpack
14 79 (3.17%) Mocha
15 74 (2.97%) Team Foundation Server
16 71 (2.85%) SoapUI
17 69 (2.77%) SonarQube
18 67 (2.69%) Appium
General
1 480 (19.26%) Finance
2 336 (13.48%) Banking
3 109 (4.37%) Retail
4 63 (2.53%) Front Office
4 63 (2.53%) Investment Banking
5 54 (2.17%) Games
6 42 (1.69%) Telecoms
7 40 (1.61%) Marketing
8 37 (1.48%) Advertising
9 24 (0.96%) Law
10 20 (0.80%) Publishing
11 18 (0.72%) Back Office
12 16 (0.64%) Financial Institution
13 12 (0.48%) Pharmaceutical
14 10 (0.40%) Retail Banking
15 6 (0.24%) Legal
16 4 (0.16%) Automotive
17 3 (0.12%) Manufacturing
17 3 (0.12%) Wholesale Banking
18 2 (0.080%) Portuguese Language
Job Titles
1 1,642 (65.89%) Developer
2 583 (23.39%) Java Developer
3 286 (11.48%) Senior Developer
4 212 (8.51%) C# Developer
5 198 (7.95%) React Developer
6 181 (7.26%) .NET Developer
7 153 (6.14%) JavaScript Developer
8 148 (5.94%) Analyst
8 148 (5.94%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
9 145 (5.82%) Full Stack Developer
10 132 (5.30%) Tester
11 127 (5.10%) Angular Developer
12 120 (4.82%) Senior Java Developer
13 116 (4.65%) AWS Developer
14 97 (3.89%) Scala Developer
15 93 (3.73%) Lead Developer
16 90 (3.61%) Agile Developer
17 88 (3.53%) Automation Tester
18 81 (3.25%) Software Engineer
19 78 (3.13%) Test Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 556 (22.31%) REST
2 510 (20.47%) AngularJS
3 495 (19.86%) HTML
4 482 (19.34%) Spring
5 473 (18.98%) CSS
6 456 (18.30%) Node.js
7 442 (17.74%) .NET
8 430 (17.26%) RESTful
9 418 (16.77%) Web Services
10 400 (16.05%) React
11 268 (10.75%) HTML5
12 261 (10.47%) Spring Boot
13 202 (8.11%) Hibernate
14 191 (7.66%) Kafka
15 182 (7.30%) JSON
16 174 (6.98%) Sass
17 164 (6.58%) CSS3
18 156 (6.26%) SOAP
19 138 (5.54%) ASP.NET
20 134 (5.38%) Redux
Miscellaneous
1 286 (11.48%) Greenfield Project
2 186 (7.46%) User Experience
3 156 (6.26%) Fintech
4 129 (5.18%) Mobile App
5 94 (3.77%) Analytical Skills
6 67 (2.69%) Algorithms
7 65 (2.61%) Computer Science
8 54 (2.17%) iPad
9 53 (2.13%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
10 46 (1.85%) Data Structures
11 36 (1.44%) Self-Motivation
12 34 (1.36%) Equities
13 32 (1.28%) Virtual Team
14 30 (1.20%) Derivative
14 30 (1.20%) Video\Live Streaming
15 28 (1.12%) Fixed Income
16 26 (1.04%) Enterprise Software
17 24 (0.96%) Cloud Native
18 22 (0.88%) Video on Demand
19 20 (0.80%) Blog
Operating Systems
1 221 (8.87%) Linux
2 147 (5.90%) Unix
3 104 (4.17%) Apple iOS
4 93 (3.73%) Android
5 73 (2.93%) Windows
6 15 (0.60%) Mac OS X
7 14 (0.56%) VMS
8 11 (0.44%) Ubuntu
9 7 (0.28%) Mac OS
10 4 (0.16%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
11 3 (0.12%) Android TV
11 3 (0.12%) tvOS
12 2 (0.080%) CentOS
13 1 (0.040%) Tizen
13 1 (0.040%) Windows 7
13 1 (0.040%) Windows Server
13 1 (0.040%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,019 (81.02%) TDD
2 1,848 (74.16%) Agile Software Development
3 725 (29.09%) Test Automation
4 713 (28.61%) Scrum
5 669 (26.85%) Microservices
6 597 (23.96%) Continuous Integration
7 455 (18.26%) DevOps
8 392 (15.73%) Kanban
9 317 (12.72%) Pair Programming
10 282 (11.32%) Software Engineering
11 266 (10.67%) E-Commerce
12 261 (10.47%) Unit Testing
13 258 (10.35%) Continuous Delivery
14 255 (10.23%) OO
15 246 (9.87%) MVC
16 234 (9.39%) Front End Development
17 195 (7.83%) Open Source
18 164 (6.58%) Mentoring
19 153 (6.14%) SOA
20 145 (5.82%) SDLC
Programming Languages
1 1,170 (46.95%) Java
2 895 (35.91%) JavaScript
3 512 (20.55%) C#
4 451 (18.10%) SQL
5 344 (13.80%) Java 8
6 225 (9.03%) Python
7 222 (8.91%) Scala
8 161 (6.46%) TypeScript
9 150 (6.02%) ES6
10 88 (3.53%) Groovy
10 88 (3.53%) Ruby
11 62 (2.49%) Apple Swift
12 55 (2.21%) PHP
12 55 (2.21%) T-SQL
13 43 (1.73%) Kotlin
14 41 (1.65%) Go
14 41 (1.65%) PL/SQL
15 37 (1.48%) Objective-C
16 28 (1.12%) Bash Shell
16 28 (1.12%) Shell Script
Qualifications
1 113 (4.53%) Security Cleared
2 108 (4.33%) Degree
3 106 (4.25%) SC Cleared
4 35 (1.40%) Computer Science Degree
5 28 (1.12%) ISEB
6 25 (1.00%) ISTQB
7 20 (0.80%) BPSS Clearance
8 8 (0.32%) Master's Degree
9 5 (0.20%) ISEB Practitioner
9 5 (0.20%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
10 4 (0.16%) DV Cleared
11 3 (0.12%) AWS Certification
12 2 (0.080%) CTC Cleared
12 2 (0.080%) IIBA
12 2 (0.080%) Numerate Degree
13 1 (0.040%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
13 1 (0.040%) PMI Certification
13 1 (0.040%) PMP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 338 (13.56%) QA
2 11 (0.44%) Data Quality
3 10 (0.40%) PMO
4 6 (0.24%) MiFID
5 5 (0.20%) EMIR
6 4 (0.16%) Disclosure Scotland
6 4 (0.16%) PCI DSS
7 3 (0.12%) GDPR
8 2 (0.080%) PSD2
8 2 (0.080%) WAI
8 2 (0.080%) WCAG
System Software
1 491 (19.70%) Docker
2 38 (1.52%) VMware Infrastructure
2 38 (1.52%) vSphere
3 28 (1.12%) HDFS
4 8 (0.32%) Active Directory
5 5 (0.20%) Apache ZooKeeper
5 5 (0.20%) Microsoft App-V
6 3 (0.12%) Apache Flume
6 3 (0.12%) Virtual Machines
6 3 (0.12%) VirtualBox
7 1 (0.040%) IAG
7 1 (0.040%) LXC
Systems Management
1 202 (8.11%) Kubernetes
2 137 (5.50%) Ansible
3 101 (4.05%) Terraform
4 53 (2.13%) Puppet
5 37 (1.48%) Kibana
6 30 (1.20%) logstash
7 21 (0.84%) Grafana
7 21 (0.84%) Mesos
8 19 (0.76%) Opscode Chef
9 18 (0.72%) Hadoop YARN
10 14 (0.56%) HP Quality Center
10 14 (0.56%) Oozie
11 10 (0.40%) Consul
11 10 (0.40%) Docker Swarm
12 7 (0.28%) ITRS Geneos
12 7 (0.28%) Prometheus
13 6 (0.24%) Control-M
14 5 (0.20%) Single Sign-On
15 3 (0.12%) Rancher
15 3 (0.12%) Tivoli
Vendors
1 140 (5.62%) Microsoft
2 110 (4.41%) Oracle
3 83 (3.33%) Google
4 49 (1.97%) Atlassian
5 40 (1.61%) Splunk
5 40 (1.61%) VMware
6 35 (1.40%) Sybase
7 28 (1.12%) IBM
8 25 (1.00%) Apple
8 25 (1.00%) Salesforce.com
9 21 (0.84%) Cloudera
9 21 (0.84%) TIBCO
10 20 (0.80%) hybris
11 19 (0.76%) Perfecto Mobile
12 15 (0.60%) Cypress Semiconductor
12 15 (0.60%) MuleSoft
13 14 (0.56%) SAP
14 13 (0.52%) AppDynamics
14 13 (0.52%) Murex
15 12 (0.48%) Perforce