Period
to 14 June 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for BDD skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited BDD over the 6 months to 14 June 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Behaviour-Driven Development (BDD)
England > London
6 months to
14 Jun 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 79 64 51
Rank change year-on-year -15 -13 -5
Contract jobs citing BDD 840 651 1,858
As % of all contract jobs advertised in London 3.28% 3.60% 4.64%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 3.64% 4.05% 5.20%
Number of daily rates quoted 636 535 1,483
10th Percentile £413 £412 £413
25th Percentile £475 £471 £463
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £550 £525
Median % change year-on-year - +4.76% +4.90%
75th Percentile £631 £613 £600
90th Percentile £688 £675 £659
England median daily rate £525 £525 £500
% change year-on-year - +5.00% +2.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1 3 1
10th Percentile " £46.40 "
25th Percentile £25.25 £48.50 £11.25
Median hourly rate £25.50 £54.00 £11.50
Median % change year-on-year -52.78% +369.57% -
75th Percentile £25.75 £58.50 £11.75
90th Percentile " £60.00 "
England median hourly rate £65.50 £53.56 £11.50
% change year-on-year +22.29% +365.76% -74.44%

BDD is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 23,084 16,078 35,708
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 90.21% 88.82% 89.09%
Number of daily rates quoted 16,485 11,569 25,814
10th Percentile £356 £325 £338
25th Percentile £431 £420 £419
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £525 £520
Median % change year-on-year - +0.96% +4.00%
75th Percentile £638 £623 £600
90th Percentile £713 £710 £688
England median daily rate £500 £475 £475
% change year-on-year +5.26% - +2.70%
Number of hourly rates quoted 233 201 359
10th Percentile £15.01 £13.75 £12.21
25th Percentile £20.50 £18.50 £15.50
Median hourly rate £34.88 £28.00 £22.29
Median % change year-on-year +24.57% +25.65% +1.30%
75th Percentile £52.75 £47.75 £40.00
90th Percentile £66.50 £61.00 £52.50
England median hourly rate £24.00 £22.00 £22.50
% change year-on-year +9.09% -2.22% +7.14%

BDD
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing BDD as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for BDD in London

BDD
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing BDD in London.

Daily rate trend for BDD in London

BDD
Daily Rate Histogram in London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing BDD in London over the 6 months to 14 June 2021.

Daily rate histogram for BDD in London

BDD
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing BDD in London.

Hourly rate trend for BDD in London

BDD
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing BDD within the London region over the 6 months to 14 June 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London +9 133 £600 +9.09% 105
West London +11 36 £590 +9.26% 32
South London +17 17 £438 -10.49% 7
East London +5 5 £650 +30.00% 14
BDD
England

For the 6 months to 14 June 2021, IT contractor jobs citing BDD also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for BDD.

1 658 (78.33%) TDD
2 592 (70.48%) Agile Software Development
3 447 (53.21%) Java
4 281 (33.45%) Test Automation
5 264 (31.43%) DevOps
6 259 (30.83%) Microservices
7 238 (28.33%) Scrum
8 232 (27.62%) Git (software)
9 226 (26.90%) Azure
10 209 (24.88%) Docker
11 203 (24.17%) Spring
12 202 (24.05%) SQL
13 190 (22.62%) Finance
14 182 (21.67%) JavaScript
15 172 (20.48%) Kubernetes
16 165 (19.64%) Banking
17 163 (19.40%) Cucumber
18 161 (19.17%) Continuous Integration
19 154 (18.33%) C#
19 154 (18.33%) Jenkins
20 141 (16.79%) Social Skills
21 139 (16.55%) JIRA
22 138 (16.43%) .NET
23 133 (15.83%) Python
24 131 (15.60%) AWS
25 120 (14.29%) QA
26 116 (13.81%) Software Engineering
27 115 (13.69%) Selenium
28 113 (13.45%) Spring Boot
29 112 (13.33%) REST

BDD
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 66 (7.86%) Confluence
2 50 (5.95%) Apache Spark
3 22 (2.62%) JBoss
4 19 (2.26%) Apache
5 17 (2.02%) Mule
6 15 (1.79%) Elasticsearch
6 15 (1.79%) Tomcat
7 14 (1.67%) Red Hat Fuse
8 13 (1.55%) Oracle Coherence
8 13 (1.55%) SharePoint
9 10 (1.19%) Apache Airflow
9 10 (1.19%) Jetty
9 10 (1.19%) WebSphere
10 7 (0.83%) NServiceBus
11 6 (0.71%) nginx
11 6 (0.71%) OpenStack
12 5 (0.60%) Camunda
13 4 (0.48%) Adobe Experience Manager
13 4 (0.48%) Cloud Foundry
14 3 (0.36%) Drupal
Applications
1 3 (0.36%) Microsoft Excel
1 3 (0.36%) Microsoft Office
1 3 (0.36%) MS Visio
2 2 (0.24%) Chatbot
2 2 (0.24%) Sketch
3 1 (0.12%) Figma
3 1 (0.12%) Mingle
3 1 (0.12%) Photoshop
3 1 (0.12%) Zeplin
Business Applications
1 2 (0.24%) Adobe Campaign
1 2 (0.24%) Distributed Ledger
1 2 (0.24%) Dynamics CRM
1 2 (0.24%) Summit
2 1 (0.12%) Dynamics AX
2 1 (0.12%) Endur
2 1 (0.12%) Oracle BPM
2 1 (0.12%) Oracle Cash Management
2 1 (0.12%) Tesseract
Cloud Services
1 226 (26.90%) Azure
2 131 (15.60%) AWS
3 62 (7.38%) Serverless
4 59 (7.02%) GCP
5 42 (5.00%) GitHub
6 20 (2.38%) Azure Service Bus
7 19 (2.26%) Azure Functions
7 19 (2.26%) OpenShift
7 19 (2.26%) PaaS
8 15 (1.79%) Cloud Computing
9 14 (1.67%) AWS Lambda
9 14 (1.67%) IaaS
9 14 (1.67%) Power Platform
10 12 (1.43%) Azure Cosmos DB
10 12 (1.43%) Datadog
10 12 (1.43%) SaaS
11 11 (1.31%) Azure Storage
12 10 (1.19%) Amazon S3
12 10 (1.19%) Azure Service Fabric
13 9 (1.07%) Azure Logic Apps
Communications & Networking
1 19 (2.26%) HTTP
2 6 (0.71%) Kerberos
3 5 (0.60%) Broadband
4 4 (0.48%) SSL
4 4 (0.48%) TCP/IP
5 3 (0.36%) Internet
6 1 (0.12%) Firewall
6 1 (0.12%) LAN
6 1 (0.12%) Network Security
6 1 (0.12%) Unified Communications
6 1 (0.12%) WAN
6 1 (0.12%) Wireshark
Database & Business Intelligence
1 76 (9.05%) NoSQL
2 58 (6.90%) MongoDB
3 50 (5.95%) Hadoop
4 46 (5.48%) SQL Server
5 30 (3.57%) Relational Database
6 27 (3.21%) MySQL
6 27 (3.21%) Tableau
7 25 (2.98%) PostgreSQL
8 24 (2.86%) Apache Cassandra
8 24 (2.86%) Redis
9 21 (2.50%) Tableau Desktop
9 21 (2.50%) Tableau Server
10 19 (2.26%) Big Data
10 19 (2.26%) Data Warehouse
11 16 (1.90%) Azure SQL Database
12 14 (1.67%) Hazelcast
13 13 (1.55%) HBase
14 12 (1.43%) BigQuery
15 9 (1.07%) Data Lake
16 8 (0.95%) Blockchain
Development Applications
1 232 (27.62%) Git (software)
2 163 (19.40%) Cucumber
3 154 (18.33%) Jenkins
4 139 (16.55%) JIRA
5 115 (13.69%) Selenium
6 91 (10.83%) Maven
7 86 (10.24%) JUnit
8 54 (6.43%) Mockito
9 38 (4.52%) Postman
10 37 (4.40%) Octopus Deploy
11 31 (3.69%) Gradle
12 30 (3.57%) SpecFlow
12 30 (3.57%) Subversion
12 30 (3.57%) webpack
13 27 (3.21%) TeamCity
14 26 (3.10%) WebDriver
15 25 (2.98%) Gatling
16 20 (2.38%) git-flow
16 20 (2.38%) SoapUI
17 19 (2.26%) IntelliJ
General
1 190 (22.62%) Finance
2 165 (19.64%) Banking
3 141 (16.79%) Social Skills
4 84 (10.00%) Front Office
5 54 (6.43%) Investment Banking
6 53 (6.31%) Analytical Skills
7 31 (3.69%) Public Sector
8 21 (2.50%) Marketing
9 18 (2.14%) Retail
10 11 (1.31%) Documentation Skills
10 11 (1.31%) Telecoms
11 10 (1.19%) Presentation Skills
11 10 (1.19%) Retail Banking
12 8 (0.95%) Legal
13 5 (0.60%) Back Office
13 5 (0.60%) Manufacturing
14 4 (0.48%) Electronics
14 4 (0.48%) Games
14 4 (0.48%) Influencing Skills
14 4 (0.48%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 507 (60.36%) Developer
2 213 (25.36%) Java Developer
3 85 (10.12%) Senior Developer
4 67 (7.98%) Analyst
5 56 (6.67%) Scala Developer
6 46 (5.48%) C# Developer
7 44 (5.24%) .NET Developer
7 44 (5.24%) React Developer
8 41 (4.88%) Full Stack Developer
9 39 (4.64%) Tester
10 38 (4.52%) Java Engineer
11 37 (4.40%) Senior Java Developer
12 35 (4.17%) Test Engineer
13 33 (3.93%) Business Analyst
14 32 (3.81%) Software Engineer
15 26 (3.10%) Automation Tester
16 25 (2.98%) DevOps Engineer
17 22 (2.62%) Azure Developer
18 20 (2.38%) Data Engineer
19 19 (2.26%) C# .NET Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 203 (24.17%) Spring
2 138 (16.43%) .NET
3 113 (13.45%) Spring Boot
4 112 (13.33%) REST
5 111 (13.21%) RESTful
6 104 (12.38%) Node.js
7 99 (11.79%) React
8 86 (10.24%) CSS
9 85 (10.12%) Kafka
10 83 (9.88%) AngularJS
11 77 (9.17%) HTML
12 73 (8.69%) Web Services
13 69 (8.21%) Gherkin
14 57 (6.79%) GraphQL
15 55 (6.55%) Hibernate
16 52 (6.19%) .NET Core
16 52 (6.19%) Redux
17 47 (5.60%) HTML5
18 40 (4.76%) Akka
19 36 (4.29%) Middleware
Miscellaneous
1 59 (7.02%) Greenfield Project
2 49 (5.83%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
3 42 (5.00%) Self-Motivation
4 40 (4.76%) User Experience
5 38 (4.52%) Fixed Income
6 31 (3.69%) Mobile App
7 30 (3.57%) Algorithms
8 29 (3.45%) Data Structures
9 26 (3.10%) Derivative
9 26 (3.10%) Enterprise Software
10 23 (2.74%) Cloud Native
11 17 (2.02%) Management Information System
12 12 (1.43%) Equities
13 8 (0.95%) CMDB
14 7 (0.83%) Data Protection Act
14 7 (0.83%) Interest Rate Derivative
14 7 (0.83%) Public Cloud
14 7 (0.83%) Reference Data
15 6 (0.71%) Hedge funds
15 6 (0.71%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 63 (7.50%) Linux
1 63 (7.50%) Unix
2 33 (3.93%) Android
3 19 (2.26%) Apple iOS
4 8 (0.95%) Mac OS X
4 8 (0.95%) Windows
5 4 (0.48%) Debian
5 4 (0.48%) VMS
6 3 (0.36%) Mac OS
7 2 (0.24%) CentOS
7 2 (0.24%) Ubuntu
8 1 (0.12%) Tizen
8 1 (0.12%) webOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 658 (78.33%) TDD
2 592 (70.48%) Agile Software Development
3 281 (33.45%) Test Automation
4 264 (31.43%) DevOps
5 259 (30.83%) Microservices
6 238 (28.33%) Scrum
7 161 (19.17%) Continuous Integration
8 116 (13.81%) Software Engineering
9 95 (11.31%) Unit Testing
10 94 (11.19%) User Stories
11 92 (10.95%) Problem-Solving
12 87 (10.36%) Pair Programming
13 84 (10.00%) Continuous Delivery
14 81 (9.64%) SDLC
15 74 (8.81%) Continuous Improvement
16 72 (8.57%) Acceptance Criteria
17 70 (8.33%) Analytics
17 70 (8.33%) OO
18 65 (7.74%) Kanban
19 51 (6.07%) Deployment Automation
Programming Languages
1 447 (53.21%) Java
2 202 (24.05%) SQL
3 182 (21.67%) JavaScript
4 154 (18.33%) C#
5 133 (15.83%) Python
6 98 (11.67%) Scala
7 92 (10.95%) Java 8
8 56 (6.67%) TypeScript
9 32 (3.81%) PowerShell
10 27 (3.21%) Kotlin
10 27 (3.21%) Ruby
11 21 (2.50%) Go
12 19 (2.26%) ES6
13 17 (2.02%) Shell Script
14 15 (1.79%) C
15 14 (1.67%) Bash Shell
16 11 (1.31%) PHP
17 9 (1.07%) T-SQL
18 8 (0.95%) C++
19 5 (0.60%) PL/SQL
Qualifications
1 60 (7.14%) Security Cleared
2 43 (5.12%) SC Cleared
3 39 (4.64%) Degree
4 16 (1.90%) Numerate Degree
5 12 (1.43%) DV Cleared
6 11 (1.31%) Computer Science Degree
7 5 (0.60%) BPSS Clearance
7 5 (0.60%) ISTQB
8 4 (0.48%) ISEB
9 2 (0.24%) Master's Degree
9 2 (0.24%) Postgraduate
10 1 (0.12%) AWS Certification
10 1 (0.12%) BC Cleared
10 1 (0.12%) HNC
10 1 (0.12%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
10 1 (0.12%) Microsoft Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 120 (14.29%) QA
2 31 (3.69%) Accessibility
3 8 (0.95%) MiFID
4 5 (0.60%) WCAG
5 3 (0.36%) Data Quality
5 3 (0.36%) ISO 20022
6 2 (0.24%) PSD2
6 2 (0.24%) TARGET2
7 1 (0.12%) GDPR
7 1 (0.12%) PCI DSS
7 1 (0.12%) PMO
System Software
1 209 (24.88%) Docker
2 3 (0.36%) Active Directory
2 3 (0.36%) Platform Symphony
3 2 (0.24%) KVM
4 1 (0.12%) VirtualBox
4 1 (0.12%) VMware Infrastructure
4 1 (0.12%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 172 (20.48%) Kubernetes
2 47 (5.60%) Terraform
3 40 (4.76%) Grafana
4 33 (3.93%) Prometheus
5 24 (2.86%) Ansible
6 16 (1.90%) ZABBIX
7 12 (1.43%) Puppet
8 11 (1.31%) HP Quality Center
9 10 (1.19%) Rancher
10 8 (0.95%) Opscode Chef
11 4 (0.48%) HP ALM
11 4 (0.48%) Kibana
12 3 (0.36%) Oozie
13 2 (0.24%) Istio
14 1 (0.12%) Fortio
14 1 (0.12%) Kiali
14 1 (0.12%) Kubeflow
14 1 (0.12%) Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 31 (3.69%) Oracle
2 30 (3.57%) Splunk
3 29 (3.45%) Microsoft
4 28 (3.33%) Google
5 24 (2.86%) New Relic
6 17 (2.02%) Sybase
7 16 (1.90%) Spiceworks
8 14 (1.67%) HP
9 13 (1.55%) Atlassian
10 12 (1.43%) Databricks
10 12 (1.43%) IBM
10 12 (1.43%) Salesforce.com
11 9 (1.07%) CA Agile Central
11 9 (1.07%) MuleSoft
12 8 (0.95%) Adobe
12 8 (0.95%) Murex
13 4 (0.48%) Informatica
13 4 (0.48%) Xamarin
14 3 (0.36%) Hortonworks
14 3 (0.36%) Pardot