Period
to 19 November 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for BDD skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited BDD over the 6 months to 19 November 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Behaviour-Driven Development (BDD)
England > London
6 months to
19 Nov 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 64 40 39
Rank change year-on-year -24 -1 +9
Contract jobs citing BDD 1,338 2,504 2,511
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 3.72% 5.44% 5.43%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 4.24% 6.16% 6.14%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,061 2,019 2,033
London median daily rate £550 £525 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% +5.26%
10th Percentile £404 £413 £375
90th Percentile £680 £650 £625
England median daily rate £513 £500 £475
% change year-on-year +2.50% +5.26% +2.70%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2 3 0
London median hourly rate £77.75 £19.50 -
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +298.72% - -
England median hourly rate £77.75 £32.50 £33.00
% change year-on-year +139.23% -1.52% -27.47%

BDD is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 31,591 40,621 40,915
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 87.84% 88.20% 88.49%
Number of daily rates quoted 22,663 29,329 29,685
London median daily rate £513 £500 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.50% - +5.26%
10th Percentile £325 £325 £313
90th Percentile £688 £675 £669
England median daily rate £475 £475 £450
% change year-on-year - +5.56% +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 409 470 388
London median hourly rate £24.50 £23.07 £22.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +6.22% +2.51% +3.31%
10th Percentile £12.44 £13.29 £13.31
90th Percentile £53.75 £54.71 £50.60
England median hourly rate £24.00 £22.00 £23.14
% change year-on-year +9.09% -4.93% +1.34%

BDD
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing BDD as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for BDD in London

BDD
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing BDD in London.

Contractor daily rate trend for BDD in London

BDD
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing BDD in London over the 6 months to 19 November 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for BDD in London

BDD
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing BDD in London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for BDD in London

BDD
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in London

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing BDD in London over the 6 months to 19 November 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for BDD in London

BDD
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing BDD within the London region over the 6 months to 19 November 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London -19 304 £550 +4.76% 87
South London +17 92 £475 - 9
West London -14 54 £475 -7.32% 37
East London -3 39 £550 -2.22% 13
North London +5 2 £463 -38.33% 1
BDD
England

For the 6 months to 19 November 2019, IT contractor jobs citing BDD also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for BDD.

1 1,099 (82.14%) TDD
2 1,004 (75.04%) Agile Software Development
3 502 (37.52%) Java
4 469 (35.05%) JavaScript
5 398 (29.75%) Scrum
6 397 (29.67%) Microservices
7 328 (24.51%) C#
8 325 (24.29%) Test Automation
9 321 (23.99%) DevOps
10 292 (21.82%) Git (software)
11 291 (21.75%) Jenkins
12 283 (21.15%) AWS
13 267 (19.96%) Continuous Integration
14 265 (19.81%) .NET
15 251 (18.76%) React
16 243 (18.16%) Finance
17 237 (17.71%) AngularJS
18 230 (17.19%) Azure
19 228 (17.04%) SQL
20 224 (16.74%) HTML
20 224 (16.74%) Docker
21 221 (16.52%) Node.js
22 211 (15.77%) CSS
23 202 (15.10%) RESTful
23 202 (15.10%) REST
24 199 (14.87%) Spring
25 193 (14.42%) Kanban
26 190 (14.20%) Selenium
27 182 (13.60%) MVC
28 173 (12.93%) Web Services

BDD
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 85 (6.35%) Confluence
2 76 (5.68%) Elasticsearch
3 36 (2.69%) Apache Spark
4 20 (1.49%) Apache
4 20 (1.49%) Tomcat
5 12 (0.90%) IIS
5 12 (0.90%) SharePoint
6 8 (0.60%) Apache Solr
6 8 (0.60%) JBoss
6 8 (0.60%) Mattermost
7 7 (0.52%) Jetty
7 7 (0.52%) Magnolia
7 7 (0.52%) Umbraco
8 6 (0.45%) Anypoint
8 6 (0.45%) Jupyter
8 6 (0.45%) NServiceBus
9 5 (0.37%) Cloud Foundry
10 4 (0.30%) nginx
10 4 (0.30%) Oracle SOA Suite
10 4 (0.30%) WebSphere
Applications
1 12 (0.90%) Microsoft Excel
1 12 (0.90%) MS Visio
2 10 (0.75%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 6 (0.45%) Microsoft Office
4 5 (0.37%) Chatbot
5 4 (0.30%) Microsoft Project
5 4 (0.30%) Zeplin
6 1 (0.075%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 8 (0.60%) BusinessWorks
2 3 (0.22%) Magento
3 2 (0.15%) Salesforce.com CRM
4 1 (0.075%) Distributed Ledger
4 1 (0.075%) Dynamics CRM
4 1 (0.075%) Oracle BPM
Cloud Services
1 283 (21.15%) AWS
2 230 (17.19%) Azure
3 51 (3.81%) GitHub
4 47 (3.51%) Serverless
5 42 (3.14%) AWS Lambda
6 40 (2.99%) GCP
7 39 (2.91%) Amazon EC2
8 30 (2.24%) OpenShift
9 22 (1.64%) Amazon ECS
9 22 (1.64%) Amazon SQS
10 19 (1.42%) Amazon S3
11 16 (1.20%) Azure Data Factory
12 12 (0.90%) Power Platform
13 11 (0.82%) BrowserStack
13 11 (0.82%) PaaS
13 11 (0.82%) Sauce Labs
14 10 (0.75%) npm
15 9 (0.67%) SaaS
16 8 (0.60%) AWS CloudFormation
16 8 (0.60%) CloudFront
Communications & Networking
1 39 (2.91%) HTTP
2 25 (1.87%) Internet
3 19 (1.42%) DNS
4 10 (0.75%) SSL
4 10 (0.75%) TCP/IP
5 9 (0.67%) FTP
6 7 (0.52%) Kerberos
7 6 (0.45%) Firewall
8 2 (0.15%) AMQP
8 2 (0.15%) DSL
8 2 (0.15%) HTTPS
8 2 (0.15%) Intranet
9 1 (0.075%) BIG-IP
9 1 (0.075%) Skype
9 1 (0.075%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 126 (9.42%) SQL Server
2 96 (7.17%) NoSQL
3 92 (6.88%) PostgreSQL
4 82 (6.13%) MongoDB
5 63 (4.71%) MySQL
6 52 (3.89%) Big Data
7 50 (3.74%) Relational Database
8 41 (3.06%) Hadoop
9 26 (1.94%) Amazon DynamoDB
10 19 (1.42%) Cosmos DB
10 19 (1.42%) HBase
11 17 (1.27%) Data Warehouse
12 16 (1.20%) Apache Cassandra
12 16 (1.20%) Data Lake
12 16 (1.20%) SQL Server Integration Services
13 15 (1.12%) RDBMS
14 13 (0.97%) Amazon RDS
15 12 (0.90%) Power BI
16 11 (0.82%) Couchbase
17 9 (0.67%) Azure SQL Database
Development Applications
1 292 (21.82%) Git (software)
2 291 (21.75%) Jenkins
3 190 (14.20%) Selenium
4 158 (11.81%) Cucumber
5 152 (11.36%) JIRA
6 108 (8.07%) Maven
7 79 (5.90%) TeamCity
8 66 (4.93%) JUnit
9 59 (4.41%) WebDriver
10 57 (4.26%) Gradle
10 57 (4.26%) Mockito
11 56 (4.19%) SonarQube
12 46 (3.44%) Jasmine
12 46 (3.44%) Octopus Deploy
13 45 (3.36%) SpecFlow
14 37 (2.77%) JMeter
15 36 (2.69%) Protractor
16 35 (2.62%) Team Foundation Server
17 34 (2.54%) Mocha
18 30 (2.24%) SoapUI
General
1 243 (18.16%) Finance
2 157 (11.73%) Banking
3 82 (6.13%) Front Office
4 65 (4.86%) Marketing
5 49 (3.66%) Investment Banking
6 44 (3.29%) Retail
7 40 (2.99%) Public Sector
8 20 (1.49%) Law
9 18 (1.35%) Legal
10 14 (1.05%) Military
11 13 (0.97%) Financial Institution
12 12 (0.90%) Games
13 10 (0.75%) Advertising
14 7 (0.52%) Back Office
15 6 (0.45%) Retail Banking
15 6 (0.45%) Telecoms
16 4 (0.30%) Pharmaceutical
17 3 (0.22%) Publishing
18 2 (0.15%) Manufacturing
19 1 (0.075%) Aerospace
Job Titles
1 908 (67.86%) Developer
2 247 (18.46%) Java Developer
3 169 (12.63%) Senior Developer
4 157 (11.73%) React Developer
5 132 (9.87%) .NET Developer
6 125 (9.34%) C# Developer
7 106 (7.92%) Full Stack Developer
8 88 (6.58%) Analyst
9 75 (5.61%) Angular Developer
10 74 (5.53%) JavaScript Developer
10 74 (5.53%) Python Developer
11 65 (4.86%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
12 57 (4.26%) Scala Developer
12 57 (4.26%) Senior Java Developer
13 52 (3.89%) C# .NET Developer
14 51 (3.81%) AWS Developer
14 51 (3.81%) Business Analyst
15 49 (3.66%) Agile Developer
16 48 (3.59%) Tester
17 47 (3.51%) Node.js Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 265 (19.81%) .NET
2 251 (18.76%) React
3 237 (17.71%) AngularJS
4 224 (16.74%) HTML
5 221 (16.52%) Node.js
6 211 (15.77%) CSS
7 202 (15.10%) REST
7 202 (15.10%) RESTful
8 199 (14.87%) Spring
9 173 (12.93%) Web Services
10 147 (10.99%) SOAP
11 139 (10.39%) Kafka
12 138 (10.31%) Spring Boot
13 137 (10.24%) Redux
14 112 (8.37%) HTML5
15 103 (7.70%) .NET Core
16 81 (6.05%) JSON
17 73 (5.46%) Hibernate
18 72 (5.38%) ASP.NET
19 71 (5.31%) CSS3
Miscellaneous
1 122 (9.12%) Greenfield Project
2 81 (6.05%) Analytical Skills
3 73 (5.46%) User Experience
4 57 (4.26%) Mobile App
5 54 (4.04%) Algorithms
6 27 (2.02%) Derivative
7 25 (1.87%) Data Structures
8 20 (1.49%) Management Information System
9 17 (1.27%) Enterprise Software
9 17 (1.27%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
10 16 (1.20%) Equities
11 11 (0.82%) Analytical Mindset
11 11 (0.82%) Cloud Native
11 11 (0.82%) Fixed Income
12 10 (0.75%) Hedge funds
12 10 (0.75%) Virtual Team
13 9 (0.67%) Blog
14 8 (0.60%) Grid Computing
14 8 (0.60%) Mobile Banking
14 8 (0.60%) NHS
Operating Systems
1 97 (7.25%) Linux
2 51 (3.81%) Android
3 49 (3.66%) Unix
4 46 (3.44%) Apple iOS
5 22 (1.64%) Windows
6 9 (0.67%) Mac OS X
7 8 (0.60%) Ubuntu
8 6 (0.45%) Mac OS
9 2 (0.15%) tvOS
10 1 (0.075%) Embedded Linux
10 1 (0.075%) Windows Server
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,099 (82.14%) TDD
2 1,004 (75.04%) Agile Software Development
3 398 (29.75%) Scrum
4 397 (29.67%) Microservices
5 325 (24.29%) Test Automation
6 321 (23.99%) DevOps
7 267 (19.96%) Continuous Integration
8 193 (14.42%) Kanban
9 182 (13.60%) MVC
10 171 (12.78%) Software Engineering
11 160 (11.96%) Pair Programming
12 144 (10.76%) E-Commerce
13 138 (10.31%) Front End Development
14 113 (8.45%) Unit Testing
15 96 (7.17%) Mentoring
16 90 (6.73%) Coaching
16 90 (6.73%) OO
17 89 (6.65%) User Stories
18 83 (6.20%) Open Source
19 79 (5.90%) SOLID
Programming Languages
1 502 (37.52%) Java
2 469 (35.05%) JavaScript
3 328 (24.51%) C#
4 228 (17.04%) SQL
5 162 (12.11%) Java 8
6 159 (11.88%) Python
7 91 (6.80%) TypeScript
8 80 (5.98%) Scala
9 58 (4.33%) ES6
10 47 (3.51%) Ruby
11 32 (2.39%) Kotlin
12 26 (1.94%) Go
13 25 (1.87%) T-SQL
14 23 (1.72%) C++
15 22 (1.64%) C
16 19 (1.42%) Groovy
17 18 (1.35%) PHP
18 15 (1.12%) Apple Swift
19 14 (1.05%) PowerShell
19 14 (1.05%) Shell Script
Qualifications
1 118 (8.82%) Security Cleared
2 111 (8.30%) SC Cleared
3 59 (4.41%) Degree
4 19 (1.42%) DV Cleared
5 11 (0.82%) ISTQB
6 7 (0.52%) ISEB
7 5 (0.37%) Computer Science Degree
8 4 (0.30%) BPSS Clearance
9 3 (0.22%) CTC Cleared
9 3 (0.22%) DBS Check
10 1 (0.075%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 153 (11.43%) QA
2 5 (0.37%) GDPR
3 3 (0.22%) Data Quality
4 2 (0.15%) PCI DSS
4 2 (0.15%) PMO
5 1 (0.075%) HL7
5 1 (0.075%) WCAG
System Software
1 224 (16.74%) Docker
2 22 (1.64%) VMware Infrastructure
3 20 (1.49%) vSphere
4 5 (0.37%) Varnish
4 5 (0.37%) Virtual Servers
5 4 (0.30%) HDFS
6 3 (0.22%) Active Directory
6 3 (0.22%) Microsoft App-V
6 3 (0.22%) Postfix
6 3 (0.22%) Virtual Machines
7 1 (0.075%) Apache Flume
Systems Management
1 129 (9.64%) Kubernetes
2 63 (4.71%) Ansible
3 51 (3.81%) Terraform
4 17 (1.27%) Puppet
5 14 (1.05%) Opscode Chef
6 11 (0.82%) Kibana
6 11 (0.82%) Mesos
7 10 (0.75%) Docker Swarm
7 10 (0.75%) Marathon
8 8 (0.60%) Control-M
9 7 (0.52%) Cobbler
9 7 (0.52%) Grafana
9 7 (0.52%) logstash
9 7 (0.52%) MIIS
10 6 (0.45%) Prometheus
11 5 (0.37%) ITRS Geneos
12 2 (0.15%) Hadoop YARN
12 2 (0.15%) Istio
13 1 (0.075%) rkt
13 1 (0.075%) Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 55 (4.11%) Microsoft
2 53 (3.96%) Oracle
3 51 (3.81%) Google
4 26 (1.94%) VMware
5 21 (1.57%) Salesforce.com
6 18 (1.35%) MuleSoft
7 16 (1.20%) Apple
8 14 (1.05%) Atlassian
9 13 (0.97%) Cypress Semiconductor
10 10 (0.75%) Adobe
10 10 (0.75%) Cadence
11 9 (0.67%) SAP
11 9 (0.67%) Splunk
12 8 (0.60%) BMC
12 8 (0.60%) TIBCO
13 7 (0.52%) Pega
14 6 (0.45%) New Relic
14 6 (0.45%) ServiceNow
15 5 (0.37%) Dell
15 5 (0.37%) NetApp