Period
to 21 February 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for BDD skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited BDD over the 6 months to 21 February 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Behaviour-Driven Development (BDD)
England > London
6 months to
21 Feb 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 38 45 42
Rank change year-on-year +7 -3 +21
Contract jobs citing BDD 2,566 1,937 1,974
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 5.47% 4.69% 4.51%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 6.30% 5.46% 5.30%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,140 1,599 1,655
London median daily rate £500 £500 £463
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +8.11% +8.82%
10th Percentile £387 £363 £339
90th Percentile £625 £638 £600
England median daily rate £475 £463 £440
% change year-on-year +2.70% +5.11% +6.02%
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 7 0
London median hourly rate - £46.00 -
England median hourly rate £50.00 £45.87 £34.25
% change year-on-year +9.00% +33.93% -

BDD is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 40,705 35,466 37,245
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 86.70% 85.83% 85.06%
Number of daily rates quoted 29,713 25,509 26,675
London median daily rate £500 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% -
10th Percentile £313 £313 £300
90th Percentile £675 £650 £644
England median daily rate £450 £438 £425
% change year-on-year +2.86% +2.94% +4.42%
Number of hourly rates quoted 469 419 456
London median hourly rate £22.50 £25.00 £19.95
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -10.00% +25.30% +5.04%
10th Percentile £13.70 £12.25 £11.25
90th Percentile £53.75 £52.75 £50.50
England median hourly rate £24.09 £25.00 £23.50
% change year-on-year -3.64% +6.38% +16.77%

BDD
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing BDD as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for BDD in London

BDD
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing BDD in London.

Contractor daily rate trend for BDD in London

BDD
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing BDD in London over the 6 months to 21 February 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for BDD in London

BDD
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing BDD in London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for BDD in London

BDD
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing BDD within the London region over the 6 months to 21 February 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London -3 478 £520 -0.95% 132
West London +42 178 £525 +17.98% 74
South London -2 85 £475 - 15
East London +21 38 £500 - 22
North London +2 7 £425 -15.00% 8
BDD
England

For the 6 months to 21 February 2018, IT contractor jobs citing BDD also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for BDD.

1 2,048 (79.81%) Agile Software Development
2 2,043 (79.62%) TDD
3 1,156 (45.05%) Java
4 929 (36.20%) JavaScript
5 813 (31.68%) Scrum
6 789 (30.75%) Test Automation
7 687 (26.77%) Continuous Integration
8 669 (26.07%) Git (software)
9 588 (22.92%) Microservices
10 571 (22.25%) Jenkins
11 548 (21.36%) C#
12 534 (20.81%) RESTful
13 506 (19.72%) HTML
14 495 (19.29%) Cucumber
15 487 (18.98%) AngularJS
16 480 (18.71%) .NET
17 471 (18.36%) CSS
18 464 (18.08%) Spring
19 461 (17.97%) Web Services
20 457 (17.81%) DevOps
21 456 (17.77%) Selenium
22 451 (17.58%) Amazon AWS
23 448 (17.46%) MVC
24 443 (17.26%) Kanban
25 430 (16.76%) Node.js
26 423 (16.48%) Finance
27 413 (16.10%) React
28 405 (15.78%) Pair Programming
29 402 (15.67%) REST
30 396 (15.43%) Docker

BDD
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 213 (8.30%) Confluence
2 181 (7.05%) Elasticsearch
3 63 (2.46%) Tomcat
4 61 (2.38%) CMS
5 50 (1.95%) Apache Spark
5 50 (1.95%) JBoss
6 45 (1.75%) NServiceBus
7 44 (1.71%) Apache
8 36 (1.40%) Jetty
9 35 (1.36%) Oracle SOA Suite
10 28 (1.09%) Cloud Foundry
11 27 (1.05%) Adobe Experience Manager
11 27 (1.05%) WebSphere
12 24 (0.94%) Apache Solr
13 20 (0.78%) EPiServer
14 19 (0.74%) MQSeries
15 18 (0.70%) Mule
16 16 (0.62%) Drupal
17 14 (0.55%) Sitecore CMS
18 13 (0.51%) WebLogic
Applications
1 7 (0.27%) MS Visio
2 6 (0.23%) Microsoft Excel
2 6 (0.23%) Microsoft Office
3 4 (0.16%) Photoshop
4 2 (0.078%) GIMP
4 2 (0.078%) Mingle
4 2 (0.078%) Spreadsheet
5 1 (0.039%) Chatbot
5 1 (0.039%) InVision
5 1 (0.039%) Microsoft Project
Business Applications
1 25 (0.97%) Payment Gateway
2 10 (0.39%) Dynamics CRM
3 6 (0.23%) Magento
4 2 (0.078%) Endur
4 2 (0.078%) Markit EDM
5 1 (0.039%) Adobe Campaign
5 1 (0.039%) Elite 3E
5 1 (0.039%) FastStats
5 1 (0.039%) IntelliMatch
5 1 (0.039%) Oracle BPM
5 1 (0.039%) Unica
Cloud Services
1 451 (17.58%) Amazon AWS
2 229 (8.92%) Microsoft Azure
3 88 (3.43%) GitHub
4 68 (2.65%) npm
5 46 (1.79%) Amazon EC2
6 44 (1.71%) Serverless
7 35 (1.36%) Google Cloud Platform
8 25 (0.97%) PaaS
9 24 (0.94%) Amazon S3
10 23 (0.90%) Heroku
11 21 (0.82%) BrowserStack
11 21 (0.82%) Cloud Computing
12 15 (0.58%) Amazon SQS
13 14 (0.55%) Slack
14 13 (0.51%) Google Play
15 12 (0.47%) AWS CloudFormation
15 12 (0.47%) AWS Lambda
15 12 (0.47%) BlazeMeter
15 12 (0.47%) Sauce Labs
16 11 (0.43%) Yarn
Communications & Networking
1 90 (3.51%) HTTP
2 39 (1.52%) TCP/IP
3 32 (1.25%) SSL
4 20 (0.78%) DNS
5 18 (0.70%) FTP
6 16 (0.62%) Firewall
7 15 (0.58%) Kerberos
8 11 (0.43%) Internet
9 8 (0.31%) SSH
10 2 (0.078%) Ethernet
10 2 (0.078%) FIX Connectivity
10 2 (0.078%) SMTP
10 2 (0.078%) Unified Communications
10 2 (0.078%) VPLS
11 1 (0.039%) Broadband
11 1 (0.039%) DSL
11 1 (0.039%) SAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 365 (14.22%) NoSQL
2 270 (10.52%) MongoDB
3 198 (7.72%) PostgreSQL
4 166 (6.47%) SQL Server
5 155 (6.04%) MySQL
6 124 (4.83%) Relational Database
7 117 (4.56%) Hadoop
8 111 (4.33%) Apache Cassandra
9 110 (4.29%) Big Data
10 65 (2.53%) Redis
11 50 (1.95%) HBase
12 49 (1.91%) RDBMS
13 40 (1.56%) Neo4j
14 31 (1.21%) Amazon DynamoDB
15 29 (1.13%) Apache Hive
16 24 (0.94%) RavenDB
17 23 (0.90%) Endeca
18 21 (0.82%) SQL Server 2012
19 20 (0.78%) Couchbase
20 19 (0.74%) SQL Server 2014
Development Applications
1 669 (26.07%) Git (software)
2 571 (22.25%) Jenkins
3 495 (19.29%) Cucumber
4 456 (17.77%) Selenium
5 348 (13.56%) JIRA
6 252 (9.82%) Maven
7 176 (6.86%) Mockito
8 173 (6.74%) SpecFlow
9 148 (5.77%) JUnit
10 135 (5.26%) TeamCity
11 134 (5.22%) WebDriver
12 122 (4.75%) webpack
13 119 (4.64%) Gradle
14 101 (3.94%) Subversion
15 98 (3.82%) Appium
16 91 (3.55%) Jasmine
17 81 (3.16%) NUnit
18 77 (3.00%) JMeter
19 74 (2.88%) Octopus Deploy
20 71 (2.77%) gulp
General
1 423 (16.48%) Finance
2 279 (10.87%) Banking
3 115 (4.48%) Retail
4 73 (2.84%) Investment Banking
5 55 (2.14%) Publishing
6 51 (1.99%) Games
7 41 (1.60%) Telecoms
8 37 (1.44%) Marketing
9 24 (0.94%) Front Office
10 22 (0.86%) Financial Institution
11 18 (0.70%) Law
12 15 (0.58%) Back Office
13 11 (0.43%) Retail Banking
14 10 (0.39%) Legal
15 9 (0.35%) Advertising
16 7 (0.27%) Electronics
17 6 (0.23%) Manufacturing
18 5 (0.19%) Automotive
18 5 (0.19%) Prime Brokerage
19 3 (0.12%) International Banking
Job Titles
1 1,731 (67.46%) Developer
2 553 (21.55%) Java Developer
3 338 (13.17%) Senior Developer
4 217 (8.46%) .NET Developer
4 217 (8.46%) JavaScript Developer
5 206 (8.03%) C# Developer
6 171 (6.66%) Agile Developer
7 170 (6.63%) Analyst
8 168 (6.55%) React Developer
9 165 (6.43%) Tester
10 157 (6.12%) Full Stack Developer
11 117 (4.56%) Automation Tester
12 99 (3.86%) Agile Java Developer
12 99 (3.86%) Scala Developer
13 94 (3.66%) C# .NET Developer
14 92 (3.59%) Developer in Test
15 90 (3.51%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
15 90 (3.51%) Node.js Developer
16 86 (3.35%) Java Engineer
16 86 (3.35%) Senior Java Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 534 (20.81%) RESTful
2 506 (19.72%) HTML
3 487 (18.98%) AngularJS
4 480 (18.71%) .NET
5 471 (18.36%) CSS
6 464 (18.08%) Spring
7 461 (17.97%) Web Services
8 430 (16.76%) Node.js
9 413 (16.10%) React
10 402 (15.67%) REST
11 324 (12.63%) HTML5
12 236 (9.20%) CSS3
13 218 (8.50%) Hibernate
14 182 (7.09%) ASP.NET
15 173 (6.74%) Spring Boot
16 171 (6.66%) Gherkin
17 165 (6.43%) ASP.NET Web API
18 164 (6.39%) Redux
19 160 (6.24%) Kafka
20 149 (5.81%) JSON
Miscellaneous
1 242 (9.43%) Greenfield Project
2 218 (8.50%) User Experience
3 177 (6.90%) Mobile App
4 113 (4.40%) Fintech
5 73 (2.84%) Analytical Skills
6 54 (2.10%) Video on Demand
7 53 (2.07%) Enterprise Software
7 53 (2.07%) iPad
8 52 (2.03%) Computer Science
9 41 (1.60%) Virtual Team
10 37 (1.44%) Linux Command Line
11 35 (1.36%) Blog
12 31 (1.21%) Public Cloud
13 30 (1.17%) Video\Live Streaming
14 25 (0.97%) Algorithms
15 24 (0.94%) Data Structures
15 24 (0.94%) Social Media
16 23 (0.90%) Hedge funds
17 21 (0.82%) iPhone
18 19 (0.74%) Clustering
Operating Systems
1 207 (8.07%) Linux
2 183 (7.13%) Apple iOS
3 169 (6.59%) Android
4 150 (5.85%) Unix
5 31 (1.21%) Windows
6 20 (0.78%) Mac OS X
7 9 (0.35%) Nucleus RTOS
7 9 (0.35%) Ubuntu
8 8 (0.31%) CoreOS
9 6 (0.23%) Windows Phone
10 4 (0.16%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
11 3 (0.12%) VMS
12 2 (0.078%) CentOS
12 2 (0.078%) Debian
12 2 (0.078%) Windows Server
13 1 (0.039%) Mac OS
13 1 (0.039%) Solaris
13 1 (0.039%) Windows Server 2008
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,048 (79.81%) Agile Software Development
2 2,043 (79.62%) TDD
3 813 (31.68%) Scrum
4 789 (30.75%) Test Automation
5 687 (26.77%) Continuous Integration
6 588 (22.92%) Microservices
7 457 (17.81%) DevOps
8 448 (17.46%) MVC
9 443 (17.26%) Kanban
10 405 (15.78%) Pair Programming
11 362 (14.11%) Software Engineering
12 307 (11.96%) E-Commerce
13 298 (11.61%) Continuous Delivery
14 258 (10.05%) Unit Testing
15 221 (8.61%) User Stories
16 212 (8.26%) OO
17 202 (7.87%) High Availability
18 175 (6.82%) Open Source
19 165 (6.43%) Domain-Driven Design
20 162 (6.31%) Continuous Improvement
Programming Languages
1 1,156 (45.05%) Java
2 929 (36.20%) JavaScript
3 548 (21.36%) C#
4 392 (15.28%) SQL
5 247 (9.63%) Scala
6 200 (7.79%) Ruby
7 197 (7.68%) Python
8 180 (7.01%) ES6
9 126 (4.91%) TypeScript
10 112 (4.36%) Apple Swift
11 101 (3.94%) Groovy
12 72 (2.81%) Objective-C
13 54 (2.10%) PHP
14 51 (1.99%) Shell Script
15 45 (1.75%) T-SQL
16 44 (1.71%) Go
17 42 (1.64%) Bash Shell
18 30 (1.17%) PowerShell
19 29 (1.13%) GraphQL
19 29 (1.13%) Kotlin
Qualifications
1 144 (5.61%) Security Cleared
2 105 (4.09%) SC Cleared
3 99 (3.86%) Degree
4 42 (1.64%) Computer Science Degree
5 36 (1.40%) ISTQB
6 20 (0.78%) ISEB
6 20 (0.78%) Master's Degree
7 14 (0.55%) CTC Cleared
8 13 (0.51%) BPSS Clearance
9 9 (0.35%) DV Cleared
10 6 (0.23%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
11 3 (0.12%) AWS Certification
11 3 (0.12%) CBAP
11 3 (0.12%) IIBA
12 2 (0.078%) DBS Check
12 2 (0.078%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
13 1 (0.039%) CFA
13 1 (0.039%) Numerate Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 309 (12.04%) QA
2 6 (0.23%) MiFID
3 5 (0.19%) PMO
4 4 (0.16%) PSD2
5 3 (0.12%) GCP
6 2 (0.078%) ISO 20022
6 2 (0.078%) ISO 8583
6 2 (0.078%) SEPA
6 2 (0.078%) WAI
7 1 (0.039%) Data Quality
7 1 (0.039%) Disclosure Scotland
7 1 (0.039%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 1 (0.039%) PCI DSS
7 1 (0.039%) SLA
System Software
1 396 (15.43%) Docker
2 27 (1.05%) HDFS
3 14 (0.55%) VMware Infrastructure
4 12 (0.47%) vSphere
5 7 (0.27%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 3 (0.12%) Active Directory
6 3 (0.12%) Apache Flume
7 2 (0.078%) Virtual Machines
8 1 (0.039%) VirtualBox
Systems Management
1 135 (5.26%) Ansible
2 129 (5.03%) Kubernetes
3 103 (4.01%) Puppet
4 88 (3.43%) Opscode Chef
5 70 (2.73%) Terraform
6 64 (2.49%) Kibana
7 61 (2.38%) Grafana
8 54 (2.10%) logstash
9 32 (1.25%) Docker Swarm
10 31 (1.21%) Cobbler
11 9 (0.35%) Mesos
12 7 (0.27%) BladeLogic
12 7 (0.27%) HP Quality Center
13 6 (0.23%) Oozie
14 5 (0.19%) Control-M
15 4 (0.16%) ITRS Geneos
15 4 (0.16%) Nagios
15 4 (0.16%) Packer
16 3 (0.12%) Consul
16 3 (0.12%) Prometheus
Vendors
1 128 (4.99%) Microsoft
2 105 (4.09%) Oracle
3 94 (3.66%) Splunk
4 76 (2.96%) AppDynamics
5 62 (2.42%) Google
6 50 (1.95%) Salesforce.com
7 40 (1.56%) Apple
8 33 (1.29%) Atlassian
9 30 (1.17%) Adobe
9 30 (1.17%) IBM
10 27 (1.05%) Sitecore
11 26 (1.01%) ATG
12 23 (0.90%) Xamarin
13 22 (0.86%) Coverity
14 18 (0.70%) VMware
15 15 (0.58%) Red Hat
16 12 (0.47%) Hortonworks
16 12 (0.47%) HP
17 11 (0.43%) New Relic
18 10 (0.39%) ServiceNow