Period
to 18 September 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for BDD skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited BDD over the 6 months to 18 September 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Behaviour-Driven Development (BDD)
England > London
6 months to
18 Sep 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 59 44 47
Rank change year-on-year -15 +3 -1
Contract jobs citing BDD 1,594 2,484 2,120
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 4.08% 5.41% 4.83%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 4.63% 6.12% 5.47%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,236 2,027 1,680
London median daily rate £550 £513 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +7.32% +2.50% +5.26%
10th Percentile £406 £406 £375
90th Percentile £675 £638 £625
England median daily rate £500 £500 £475
% change year-on-year - +5.26% +5.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 3 2 0
London median hourly rate £35.00 £18.00 -
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +94.44% - -
England median hourly rate £35.00 £27.50 £47.50
% change year-on-year +27.27% -42.11% +4.40%

BDD is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 34,440 40,596 38,746
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 88.13% 88.39% 88.23%
Number of daily rates quoted 24,691 29,330 27,867
London median daily rate £513 £500 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.50% - +8.11%
10th Percentile £325 £325 £313
90th Percentile £688 £675 £656
England median daily rate £475 £465 £450
% change year-on-year +2.15% +3.33% +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 415 501 389
London median hourly rate £23.00 £22.42 £23.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +2.59% -4.60% +8.34%
10th Percentile £12.50 £14.00 £12.88
90th Percentile £54.50 £53.75 £50.00
England median hourly rate £25.00 £20.50 £23.14
% change year-on-year +21.95% -11.41% -1.53%

BDD
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing BDD as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for BDD in London

BDD
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing BDD in London.

Contractor daily rate trend for BDD in London

BDD
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing BDD in London over the 6 months to 18 September 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for BDD in London

BDD
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing BDD in London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for BDD in London

BDD
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing BDD within the London region over the 6 months to 18 September 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London -5 380 £550 +7.32% 96
South London +22 87 £463 -2.63% 10
East London +9 53 £550 +4.76% 10
West London -34 41 £475 -7.32% 33
North London +6 8 £513 -31.67% 2
BDD
England

For the 6 months to 18 September 2019, IT contractor jobs citing BDD also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for BDD.

1 1,287 (80.74%) TDD
2 1,220 (76.54%) Agile Software Development
3 607 (38.08%) Java
4 568 (35.63%) JavaScript
5 488 (30.61%) Scrum
6 474 (29.74%) Microservices
7 400 (25.09%) DevOps
8 396 (24.84%) Test Automation
9 360 (22.58%) AWS
10 350 (21.96%) C#
11 343 (21.52%) Jenkins
12 341 (21.39%) Git (software)
13 314 (19.70%) Continuous Integration
14 313 (19.64%) Azure
15 308 (19.32%) Docker
16 298 (18.70%) AngularJS
17 282 (17.69%) Finance
18 278 (17.44%) HTML
18 278 (17.44%) .NET
19 274 (17.19%) SQL
20 270 (16.94%) React
21 263 (16.50%) CSS
22 255 (16.00%) Node.js
23 250 (15.68%) RESTful
24 248 (15.56%) Python
25 243 (15.24%) REST
26 238 (14.93%) Spring
27 234 (14.68%) Selenium
28 231 (14.49%) Pair Programming
29 230 (14.43%) Kanban

BDD
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 135 (8.47%) Confluence
2 115 (7.21%) Elasticsearch
3 45 (2.82%) Apache Spark
4 26 (1.63%) Apache
5 24 (1.51%) Apache Solr
6 20 (1.25%) Tomcat
7 14 (0.88%) Magnolia
8 11 (0.69%) SharePoint
9 10 (0.63%) IIS
10 9 (0.56%) Anypoint
10 9 (0.56%) CMS
10 9 (0.56%) JBoss
10 9 (0.56%) Mattermost
11 6 (0.38%) Jetty
11 6 (0.38%) Umbraco
12 5 (0.31%) Cloud Foundry
12 5 (0.31%) Jupyter
12 5 (0.31%) Mule
12 5 (0.31%) NServiceBus
12 5 (0.31%) WebSphere
Applications
1 12 (0.75%) Microsoft Excel
2 10 (0.63%) MS Visio
3 8 (0.50%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 5 (0.31%) Chatbot
4 5 (0.31%) Microsoft Office
5 4 (0.25%) Microsoft Project
6 2 (0.13%) Zeplin
7 1 (0.063%) GIMP
7 1 (0.063%) Photoshop
7 1 (0.063%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 8 (0.50%) BusinessWorks
2 4 (0.25%) Magento
2 4 (0.25%) Summit
3 2 (0.13%) Distributed Ledger
3 2 (0.13%) Salesforce.com CRM
3 2 (0.13%) SAP Hybris
4 1 (0.063%) Dynamics CRM
4 1 (0.063%) Fredhopper
4 1 (0.063%) Oracle BPM
Cloud Services
1 360 (22.58%) AWS
2 313 (19.64%) Azure
3 88 (5.52%) GitHub
4 61 (3.83%) Serverless
5 49 (3.07%) GCP
6 47 (2.95%) AWS Lambda
7 44 (2.76%) Amazon EC2
8 38 (2.38%) Amazon SQS
9 35 (2.20%) OpenShift
10 34 (2.13%) Amazon S3
11 29 (1.82%) Amazon ECS
11 29 (1.82%) npm
12 19 (1.19%) PaaS
12 19 (1.19%) SaaS
13 15 (0.94%) Amazon Kinesis
14 14 (0.88%) AWS CloudFormation
15 12 (0.75%) Amazon CloudWatch
15 12 (0.75%) Azure Data Factory
15 12 (0.75%) Power Platform
16 11 (0.69%) BrowserStack
Communications & Networking
1 42 (2.63%) HTTP
2 20 (1.25%) DNS
3 16 (1.00%) Internet
4 12 (0.75%) SSL
4 12 (0.75%) TCP/IP
5 11 (0.69%) FTP
6 9 (0.56%) Kerberos
7 6 (0.38%) Firewall
8 4 (0.25%) AMQP
9 2 (0.13%) HTTPS
9 2 (0.13%) Intranet
10 1 (0.063%) BIG-IP
10 1 (0.063%) Skype
10 1 (0.063%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 153 (9.60%) SQL Server
2 139 (8.72%) MongoDB
2 139 (8.72%) NoSQL
3 129 (8.09%) PostgreSQL
4 101 (6.34%) MySQL
5 63 (3.95%) Relational Database
6 60 (3.76%) Big Data
7 48 (3.01%) Hadoop
8 33 (2.07%) HBase
9 31 (1.94%) Apache Cassandra
10 29 (1.82%) Amazon DynamoDB
11 23 (1.44%) Azure SQL Database
12 22 (1.38%) Cosmos DB
13 18 (1.13%) Data Warehouse
14 17 (1.07%) Amazon RDS
14 17 (1.07%) RDBMS
15 16 (1.00%) Data Lake
15 16 (1.00%) Redis
16 15 (0.94%) Couchbase
16 15 (0.94%) SQL Server 2012
Development Applications
1 343 (21.52%) Jenkins
2 341 (21.39%) Git (software)
3 234 (14.68%) Selenium
4 205 (12.86%) Cucumber
5 197 (12.36%) JIRA
6 129 (8.09%) Maven
7 87 (5.46%) TeamCity
8 86 (5.40%) Mockito
9 74 (4.64%) WebDriver
10 69 (4.33%) JUnit
11 68 (4.27%) Jasmine
12 59 (3.70%) Karma Test Runner
13 58 (3.64%) gulp
14 57 (3.58%) Gradle
15 55 (3.45%) Protractor
16 51 (3.20%) SpecFlow
17 49 (3.07%) SonarQube
18 48 (3.01%) Octopus Deploy
19 42 (2.63%) webpack
20 41 (2.57%) JMeter
General
1 282 (17.69%) Finance
2 176 (11.04%) Banking
3 74 (4.64%) Front Office
4 65 (4.08%) Public Sector
5 62 (3.89%) Retail
6 53 (3.32%) Marketing
7 39 (2.45%) Investment Banking
8 37 (2.32%) Financial Institution
9 25 (1.57%) Legal
10 24 (1.51%) Games
11 15 (0.94%) Advertising
11 15 (0.94%) Law
12 12 (0.75%) Pharmaceutical
13 10 (0.63%) Retail Banking
14 8 (0.50%) Back Office
14 8 (0.50%) Publishing
15 7 (0.44%) Military
15 7 (0.44%) Telecoms
16 4 (0.25%) Manufacturing
17 2 (0.13%) General Ledger
Job Titles
1 1,079 (67.69%) Developer
2 297 (18.63%) Java Developer
3 188 (11.79%) Senior Developer
4 179 (11.23%) React Developer
5 134 (8.41%) .NET Developer
6 123 (7.72%) Full Stack Developer
7 118 (7.40%) C# Developer
8 114 (7.15%) Python Developer
9 111 (6.96%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
10 104 (6.52%) Analyst
11 100 (6.27%) Angular Developer
12 83 (5.21%) JavaScript Developer
13 73 (4.58%) Senior Java Developer
14 68 (4.27%) Scala Developer
15 58 (3.64%) Tester
16 57 (3.58%) Software Developer
17 55 (3.45%) Agile Developer
18 51 (3.20%) Business Analyst
19 48 (3.01%) AWS Developer
19 48 (3.01%) C# .NET Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 298 (18.70%) AngularJS
2 278 (17.44%) .NET
2 278 (17.44%) HTML
3 270 (16.94%) React
4 263 (16.50%) CSS
5 255 (16.00%) Node.js
6 250 (15.68%) RESTful
7 243 (15.24%) REST
8 238 (14.93%) Spring
9 190 (11.92%) Web Services
10 166 (10.41%) Redux
11 159 (9.97%) Kafka
12 149 (9.35%) Spring Boot
13 147 (9.22%) HTML5
14 131 (8.22%) SOAP
15 119 (7.47%) .NET Core
16 101 (6.34%) CSS3
17 96 (6.02%) JSON
18 90 (5.65%) ASP.NET
19 79 (4.96%) Gherkin
Miscellaneous
1 163 (10.23%) Greenfield Project
2 105 (6.59%) User Experience
3 97 (6.09%) Analytical Skills
4 56 (3.51%) Mobile App
5 48 (3.01%) Algorithms
6 25 (1.57%) Data Structures
7 24 (1.51%) Derivative
8 22 (1.38%) Hedge funds
9 20 (1.25%) Enterprise Software
10 18 (1.13%) Management Information System
11 15 (0.94%) NHS
12 14 (0.88%) Linux Command Line
13 13 (0.82%) Cloud Native
13 13 (0.82%) Equities
13 13 (0.82%) Public Cloud
14 12 (0.75%) Reinsurance
15 10 (0.63%) Virtual Team
16 9 (0.56%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
17 8 (0.50%) Blog
17 8 (0.50%) Credit Risk
Operating Systems
1 163 (10.23%) Linux
2 95 (5.96%) Unix
3 40 (2.51%) Mac OS X
4 37 (2.32%) Apple iOS
5 32 (2.01%) Android
6 25 (1.57%) Windows
7 12 (0.75%) Ubuntu
8 9 (0.56%) VMS
9 6 (0.38%) Mac OS
10 2 (0.13%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 2 (0.13%) tvOS
10 2 (0.13%) Windows Server
11 1 (0.063%) CentOS
11 1 (0.063%) Embedded Linux
11 1 (0.063%) Solaris
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,287 (80.74%) TDD
2 1,220 (76.54%) Agile Software Development
3 488 (30.61%) Scrum
4 474 (29.74%) Microservices
5 400 (25.09%) DevOps
6 396 (24.84%) Test Automation
7 314 (19.70%) Continuous Integration
8 231 (14.49%) Pair Programming
9 230 (14.43%) Kanban
10 203 (12.74%) Software Engineering
11 199 (12.48%) Front End Development
12 185 (11.61%) E-Commerce
13 177 (11.10%) MVC
14 135 (8.47%) Continuous Deployment
15 125 (7.84%) SDLC
16 118 (7.40%) Open Source
17 111 (6.96%) Unit Testing
18 106 (6.65%) Mentoring
19 105 (6.59%) Continuous Delivery
20 104 (6.52%) Web Development
Programming Languages
1 607 (38.08%) Java
2 568 (35.63%) JavaScript
3 350 (21.96%) C#
4 274 (17.19%) SQL
5 248 (15.56%) Python
6 214 (13.43%) Java 8
7 137 (8.59%) Scala
7 137 (8.59%) TypeScript
8 93 (5.83%) ES6
9 66 (4.14%) Ruby
10 31 (1.94%) Go
11 29 (1.82%) PHP
12 25 (1.57%) PowerShell
13 23 (1.44%) Kotlin
14 21 (1.32%) T-SQL
15 19 (1.19%) C++
16 18 (1.13%) ES7
17 17 (1.07%) Bash Shell
17 17 (1.07%) Shell Script
18 14 (0.88%) Apple Swift
Qualifications
1 129 (8.09%) Security Cleared
2 117 (7.34%) SC Cleared
3 84 (5.27%) Degree
4 16 (1.00%) ISTQB
5 13 (0.82%) ISEB
6 12 (0.75%) BPSS Clearance
6 12 (0.75%) DV Cleared
7 10 (0.63%) Computer Science Degree
8 6 (0.38%) CTC Cleared
8 6 (0.38%) DBS Check
9 3 (0.19%) BC Cleared
9 3 (0.19%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 192 (12.05%) QA
2 4 (0.25%) Disclosure Scotland
2 4 (0.25%) GDPR
3 3 (0.19%) Data Quality
3 3 (0.19%) PCI DSS
4 1 (0.063%) HL7
4 1 (0.063%) PMO
4 1 (0.063%) PSD2
4 1 (0.063%) SEPA
4 1 (0.063%) WAI
4 1 (0.063%) WCAG
System Software
1 308 (19.32%) Docker
2 16 (1.00%) VMware Infrastructure
3 14 (0.88%) vSphere
4 12 (0.75%) Active Directory
5 7 (0.44%) Apache Flume
6 5 (0.31%) Virtual Servers
7 4 (0.25%) HDFS
7 4 (0.25%) Varnish
8 3 (0.19%) Microsoft App-V
8 3 (0.19%) Virtual Machines
9 1 (0.063%) Postfix
Systems Management
1 175 (10.98%) Kubernetes
2 94 (5.90%) Ansible
3 68 (4.27%) Terraform
4 25 (1.57%) Puppet
5 19 (1.19%) Opscode Chef
6 18 (1.13%) Control-M
7 16 (1.00%) Kibana
7 16 (1.00%) Marathon
7 16 (1.00%) Mesos
8 12 (0.75%) Docker Swarm
9 11 (0.69%) logstash
10 9 (0.56%) Hadoop YARN
11 6 (0.38%) Cobbler
11 6 (0.38%) Grafana
12 5 (0.31%) ITRS Geneos
12 5 (0.31%) MIIS
12 5 (0.31%) Prometheus
13 2 (0.13%) HP Quality Center
13 2 (0.13%) Istio
14 1 (0.063%) Salt
Vendors
1 64 (4.02%) Oracle
2 63 (3.95%) Microsoft
3 58 (3.64%) Google
4 30 (1.88%) Cadence
4 30 (1.88%) Salesforce.com
5 24 (1.51%) Atlassian
6 21 (1.32%) Cypress Semiconductor
6 21 (1.32%) MuleSoft
7 20 (1.25%) VMware
8 16 (1.00%) BMC
9 15 (0.94%) Splunk
10 13 (0.82%) SAP
11 12 (0.75%) Apple
11 12 (0.75%) Informatica
12 10 (0.63%) Adobe
12 10 (0.63%) TIBCO
13 9 (0.56%) Red Hat
14 7 (0.44%) Cloudera
14 7 (0.44%) IBM
14 7 (0.44%) Pega