Period
to 27 June 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in Central London with a requirement for Python skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Python over the 6 months to 27 June 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Python
London > Central London
6 months to
27 Jun 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 12 16 19
Rank change year-on-year +4 +3 +14
Contract jobs citing Python 944 928 584
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in Central London 11.17% 10.15% 7.87%
As % of the Programming Languages category 21.93% 19.37% 16.03%
Number of daily rates quoted 711 746 454
Central London median daily rate £550 £550 £519
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +6.02% +9.21%
10th Percentile £424 £413 £363
90th Percentile £710 £700 £688
London median daily rate £550 £550 £513
% change year-on-year - +7.32% +2.50%
Number of hourly rates quoted 9 3 0
Central London median hourly rate £35.00 £13.00 -
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +169.23% - -
London median hourly rate £44.57 £45.00 £43.50
% change year-on-year -0.97% +3.45% -8.42%

Python is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in Central London with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
Central London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 4,305 4,791 3,643
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in Central London 50.93% 52.38% 49.08%
Number of daily rates quoted 3,463 3,965 2,917
Central London median daily rate £525 £525 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.00% +8.11%
10th Percentile £394 £363 £325
90th Percentile £675 £675 £650
London median daily rate £525 £505 £490
% change year-on-year +3.96% +3.06% +7.69%
Number of hourly rates quoted 23 23 7
Central London median hourly rate £35.00 £21.50 £28.35
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +62.79% -24.15% +9.02%
10th Percentile £21.00 £12.85 £16.65
90th Percentile £59.90 £66.50 £39.70
London median hourly rate £36.59 £42.50 £40.00
% change year-on-year -13.92% +6.25% +33.71%

Python
Job Vacancy Trend in Central London

Job postings citing Python as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in Central London.

Job vacancy trend for Python in Central London

Python
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in Central London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Python in Central London.

Contractor daily rate trend for Python in Central London

Python
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in Central London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Python in Central London over the 6 months to 27 June 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Python in Central London

Python
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in Central London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Python in Central London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Python in Central London

Python
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in Central London

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Python in Central London over the 6 months to 27 June 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Python in Central London

Python
Contract Job Locations in Central London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Python within the Central London region over the 6 months to 27 June 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
City of London 0 722 £550 - 186
Southwark +1 79 £525 -
West End of London +5 47 £450 -14.29% 2
City of Westminster +5 42 £600 +4.35% 1
Kensington and Chelsea -1 2 £675 +31.76% 1
Python
London

For the 6 months to 27 June 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Python also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the Central London region with a requirement for Python.

1 355 (37.61%) Amazon AWS
2 304 (32.20%) Finance
3 302 (31.99%) Agile Software Development
4 284 (30.08%) Java
5 275 (29.13%) SQL
6 230 (24.36%) Linux
7 228 (24.15%) DevOps
8 206 (21.82%) Docker
9 201 (21.29%) Apache Spark
10 197 (20.87%) Data Science
11 195 (20.66%) Big Data
12 180 (19.07%) Microsoft Azure
13 160 (16.95%) Google
14 152 (16.10%) Google Cloud Platform
15 149 (15.78%) Git (software)
16 133 (14.09%) Ansible
17 132 (13.98%) Machine Learning
18 127 (13.45%) Hadoop
19 126 (13.35%) Kubernetes
20 123 (13.03%) JavaScript
21 121 (12.82%) Kafka
22 120 (12.71%) Analytics
22 120 (12.71%) Jenkins
23 116 (12.29%) Bash Shell
24 109 (11.55%) Microservices
25 101 (10.70%) PySpark
26 93 (9.85%) TDD
27 90 (9.53%) Scala
28 85 (9.00%) Continuous Integration
28 85 (9.00%) Banking

Python
Co-occurring IT Skills in Central London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 201 (21.29%) Apache Spark
2 84 (8.90%) Apache
3 64 (6.78%) Apache Airflow
4 53 (5.61%) Elasticsearch
5 34 (3.60%) Confluence
6 22 (2.33%) nginx
7 8 (0.85%) ArcGIS
7 8 (0.85%) IIS
7 8 (0.85%) SAS
8 7 (0.74%) IPython
9 6 (0.64%) GeoServer
9 6 (0.64%) Jupyter
10 5 (0.53%) Pachyderm
10 5 (0.53%) Tomcat
11 4 (0.42%) Cloud Foundry
12 3 (0.32%) Apache Solr
12 3 (0.32%) Gunicorn
12 3 (0.32%) SharePoint
12 3 (0.32%) WebSphere
13 2 (0.21%) WebLogic
Applications
1 27 (2.86%) Microsoft Excel
2 5 (0.53%) Spreadsheet
3 3 (0.32%) Microsoft Office
4 2 (0.21%) SPSS
5 1 (0.11%) S-PLUS
5 1 (0.11%) Stata
Business Applications
1 7 (0.74%) SAP Oil and Gas
2 4 (0.42%) Distributed Ledger
2 4 (0.42%) Remedy ITSM
3 2 (0.21%) SAP ERP
3 2 (0.21%) SAP S/4HANA
4 1 (0.11%) CA PPM
4 1 (0.11%) Dynamics CRM
4 1 (0.11%) Eloqua
4 1 (0.11%) Markit EDM
4 1 (0.11%) Oracle Financials
4 1 (0.11%) Payment Gateway
4 1 (0.11%) Unit4 Business World
Cloud Services
1 355 (37.61%) Amazon AWS
2 180 (19.07%) Microsoft Azure
3 152 (16.10%) Google Cloud Platform
4 61 (6.46%) Amazon S3
5 56 (5.93%) Serverless
6 53 (5.61%) GitHub
7 52 (5.51%) AWS Lambda
8 45 (4.77%) AWS CloudFormation
9 44 (4.66%) Amazon EC2
10 33 (3.50%) Power Platform
11 32 (3.39%) Virtual Private Cloud
12 24 (2.54%) Amazon CloudWatch
12 24 (2.54%) PaaS
13 23 (2.44%) Amazon ECS
14 19 (2.01%) Amazon EMR
15 18 (1.91%) Cloud Computing
16 16 (1.69%) Datadog
17 15 (1.59%) Amazon Kinesis
17 15 (1.59%) IaaS
18 13 (1.38%) Route 53
Communications & Networking
1 26 (2.75%) Firewall
2 18 (1.91%) BGP
3 16 (1.69%) OSPF
4 14 (1.48%) HTTP
5 12 (1.27%) DNS
6 11 (1.17%) Multicast
6 11 (1.17%) TCP/IP
6 11 (1.17%) WAN
7 9 (0.95%) VPN
7 9 (0.95%) Wireless
8 8 (0.85%) Internet
8 8 (0.85%) LAN
8 8 (0.85%) MPLS
9 7 (0.74%) Cisco Nexus
10 6 (0.64%) EIGRP
10 6 (0.64%) Network Security
10 6 (0.64%) Wireshark
11 5 (0.53%) Cisco ASA
11 5 (0.53%) DHCP
12 4 (0.42%) NAS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 195 (20.66%) Big Data
2 127 (13.45%) Hadoop
3 82 (8.69%) PostgreSQL
4 80 (8.47%) Data Warehouse
5 72 (7.63%) Apache Hive
6 62 (6.57%) NoSQL
7 60 (6.36%) MySQL
8 52 (5.51%) SQL Server
9 50 (5.30%) Data Lake
9 50 (5.30%) Relational Database
10 45 (4.77%) MongoDB
11 33 (3.50%) Power BI
12 30 (3.18%) HBase
13 28 (2.97%) Amazon RDS
14 25 (2.65%) Amazon Redshift
15 18 (1.91%) Blockchain
16 17 (1.80%) Apache Cassandra
17 16 (1.69%) Amazon DynamoDB
17 16 (1.69%) BigQuery
18 15 (1.59%) Impala
Development Applications
1 149 (15.78%) Git (software)
2 120 (12.71%) Jenkins
3 66 (6.99%) JIRA
4 24 (2.54%) Selenium
5 23 (2.44%) Maven
5 23 (2.44%) Sonatype Nexus
6 22 (2.33%) Subversion
7 15 (1.59%) Cucumber
7 15 (1.59%) Gatling
8 12 (1.27%) CircleCI
8 12 (1.27%) GitLab
9 11 (1.17%) GoCD
10 10 (1.06%) JMeter
10 10 (1.06%) Travis CI
11 9 (0.95%) Octopus Deploy
12 8 (0.85%) Bitbucket
12 8 (0.85%) Gradle
12 8 (0.85%) Mocha
13 7 (0.74%) Team Foundation Server
13 7 (0.74%) TeamCity
General
1 304 (32.20%) Finance
2 85 (9.00%) Banking
3 55 (5.83%) Front Office
4 47 (4.98%) Retail
5 22 (2.33%) Investment Banking
6 12 (1.27%) Financial Institution
6 12 (1.27%) Marketing
7 11 (1.17%) Publishing
8 10 (1.06%) Games
8 10 (1.06%) Retail Banking
9 9 (0.95%) Advertising
10 6 (0.64%) Law
10 6 (0.64%) Legal
11 5 (0.53%) Telecoms
12 4 (0.42%) Back Office
12 4 (0.42%) French Language
12 4 (0.42%) Manufacturing
13 3 (0.32%) Electronics
14 2 (0.21%) Billing
15 1 (0.11%) German Language
Job Titles
1 317 (33.58%) Developer
2 181 (19.17%) Python Developer
3 179 (18.96%) Data Engineer
4 147 (15.57%) Python Engineer
5 128 (13.56%) DevOps Engineer
6 85 (9.00%) Big Data Engineer
7 59 (6.25%) Data Scientist
8 51 (5.40%) AWS Engineer
9 48 (5.08%) Analyst
10 39 (4.13%) Architect
11 34 (3.60%) Java Developer
12 33 (3.50%) AWS DevOps
13 31 (3.28%) Cloud Engineer
14 28 (2.97%) AWS DevOps Engineer
14 28 (2.97%) Senior Developer
15 25 (2.65%) SQL Developer
16 22 (2.33%) Network Engineer
16 22 (2.33%) Software Engineer
17 18 (1.91%) Java Engineer
17 18 (1.91%) Senior DevOps
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 121 (12.82%) Kafka
2 101 (10.70%) PySpark
3 71 (7.52%) Node.js
4 68 (7.20%) REST
5 58 (6.14%) HTML
6 57 (6.04%) Django
6 57 (6.04%) Web Services
7 56 (5.93%) RESTful
8 54 (5.72%) Pandas
9 52 (5.51%) Flask
10 47 (4.98%) JSON
11 45 (4.77%) CSS
12 44 (4.66%) NumPy
13 43 (4.56%) Spring
14 35 (3.71%) React
15 30 (3.18%) Natural Language Processing
16 28 (2.97%) .NET
17 23 (2.44%) scikit-learn
18 22 (2.33%) AngularJS
18 22 (2.33%) SOAP
Miscellaneous
1 69 (7.31%) Algorithms
2 65 (6.89%) Analytical Skills
3 48 (5.08%) Data Structures
4 47 (4.98%) Greenfield Project
5 27 (2.86%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
5 27 (2.86%) Hedge funds
6 21 (2.22%) Linux Command Line
7 19 (2.01%) Data Centre
7 19 (2.01%) Self-Motivation
8 14 (1.48%) Cloud Native
9 13 (1.38%) Derivative
9 13 (1.38%) User Experience
10 12 (1.27%) Public Cloud
11 11 (1.17%) Enterprise Software
12 10 (1.06%) Mobile App
13 8 (0.85%) Client/Server
14 7 (0.74%) Fixed Income
14 7 (0.74%) PKI
14 7 (0.74%) Social Media
15 6 (0.64%) Wiki
Operating Systems
1 230 (24.36%) Linux
2 77 (8.16%) Unix
3 64 (6.78%) Windows
4 31 (3.28%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 18 (1.91%) Windows Server
6 10 (1.06%) Ubuntu
7 9 (0.95%) CentOS
8 8 (0.85%) Mac OS X
8 8 (0.85%) Solaris
9 6 (0.64%) Android
9 6 (0.64%) Apple iOS
10 5 (0.53%) Debian
11 3 (0.32%) openSUSE
12 2 (0.21%) CoreOS
12 2 (0.21%) Fedora
12 2 (0.21%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
12 2 (0.21%) VMS
13 1 (0.11%) FreeBSD
13 1 (0.11%) Windows Server 2003
13 1 (0.11%) Windows Server 2008
Processes & Methodologies
1 302 (31.99%) Agile Software Development
2 228 (24.15%) DevOps
3 197 (20.87%) Data Science
4 132 (13.98%) Machine Learning
5 120 (12.71%) Analytics
6 109 (11.55%) Microservices
7 93 (9.85%) TDD
8 85 (9.00%) Continuous Integration
8 85 (9.00%) Data Modelling
9 79 (8.37%) Test Automation
10 78 (8.26%) Mentoring
11 75 (7.94%) Open Source
12 74 (7.84%) ETL
13 69 (7.31%) Data Engineering
13 69 (7.31%) Scrum
14 68 (7.20%) Artificial Intelligence
14 68 (7.20%) Business Intelligence
15 64 (6.78%) Configuration Management
16 63 (6.67%) Visualisation
17 59 (6.25%) Coaching
Programming Languages
1 284 (30.08%) Java
2 275 (29.13%) SQL
3 123 (13.03%) JavaScript
4 116 (12.29%) Bash Shell
5 90 (9.53%) Scala
6 80 (8.47%) Ruby
7 78 (8.26%) C++
8 70 (7.42%) Go
9 58 (6.14%) Perl
10 56 (5.93%) PowerShell
10 56 (5.93%) R
11 50 (5.30%) C#
12 41 (4.34%) PHP
13 39 (4.13%) Shell Script
14 23 (2.44%) Groovy
15 18 (1.91%) Java 8
15 18 (1.91%) VBA
16 17 (1.80%) C
17 15 (1.59%) ES6
18 12 (1.27%) Kotlin
Qualifications
1 66 (6.99%) Degree
2 42 (4.45%) Security Cleared
3 39 (4.13%) SC Cleared
4 35 (3.71%) PhD
5 19 (2.01%) Computer Science Degree
6 14 (1.48%) Cisco Certification
7 12 (1.27%) Numerate Degree
8 10 (1.06%) AWS Certification
8 10 (1.06%) CCIE
9 8 (0.85%) Master's Degree
10 5 (0.53%) CTC Cleared
11 4 (0.42%) CCNP
11 4 (0.42%) RHCE
12 3 (0.32%) CHECK Team Member
12 3 (0.32%) DV Cleared
12 3 (0.32%) JNCIP
12 3 (0.32%) Postgraduate
13 2 (0.21%) CISSP
13 2 (0.21%) JNCIE
14 1 (0.11%) CISM
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 24 (2.54%) Data Quality
2 18 (1.91%) QA
3 6 (0.64%) GDPR
4 3 (0.32%) COBIT
4 3 (0.32%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 3 (0.32%) NIST
5 2 (0.21%) PMO
6 1 (0.11%) Basel III
6 1 (0.11%) ISO 8583
6 1 (0.11%) MiFID
System Software
1 206 (21.82%) Docker
2 33 (3.50%) Apache Flume
3 16 (1.69%) HDFS
4 9 (0.95%) Active Directory
5 8 (0.85%) VMware Infrastructure
6 5 (0.53%) etcd
6 5 (0.53%) Hyper-V
6 5 (0.53%) Virtual Machines
7 3 (0.32%) KVM
7 3 (0.32%) Oracle RAC
7 3 (0.32%) Samba
8 2 (0.21%) Apache ZooKeeper
8 2 (0.21%) Ceph
8 2 (0.21%) flannel
8 2 (0.21%) GlusterFS
8 2 (0.21%) SkyDNS
8 2 (0.21%) Veritas Cluster Server
8 2 (0.21%) Veritas Volume Manager
8 2 (0.21%) VMware ESXi
8 2 (0.21%) Xen
Systems Management
1 133 (14.09%) Ansible
2 126 (13.35%) Kubernetes
3 81 (8.58%) Terraform
4 59 (6.25%) Puppet
5 52 (5.51%) Opscode Chef
6 26 (2.75%) Hadoop YARN
7 17 (1.80%) Kibana
8 15 (1.59%) Mesos
9 11 (1.17%) Marathon
10 10 (1.06%) Grafana
11 9 (0.95%) Packer
11 9 (0.95%) Prometheus
12 8 (0.85%) Consul
12 8 (0.85%) logstash
12 8 (0.85%) Nagios
13 7 (0.74%) Docker Swarm
13 7 (0.74%) Graphite
13 7 (0.74%) ZABBIX
14 6 (0.64%) Kubeflow
14 6 (0.64%) Salt
Vendors
1 160 (16.95%) Google
2 60 (6.36%) Splunk
3 48 (5.08%) Oracle
4 38 (4.03%) Tableau
5 36 (3.81%) Microsoft
6 33 (3.50%) Cloudera
6 33 (3.50%) Talend
7 18 (1.91%) Red Hat
8 17 (1.80%) Cisco
9 16 (1.69%) Atlassian
10 15 (1.59%) VMware
11 13 (1.38%) Databricks
11 13 (1.38%) SAP
12 11 (1.17%) AppDynamics
12 11 (1.17%) Fortinet
13 10 (1.06%) Informatica
13 10 (1.06%) ServiceNow
14 9 (0.95%) Juniper
15 8 (0.85%) IBM
15 8 (0.85%) TIBCO