Period
to 16 February 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in Central London with a requirement for Python skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Python over the 6 months to 16 February 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Python
London > Central London
6 months to
16 Feb 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 8 15 19
Rank change year-on-year +7 +4 +1
Contract jobs citing Python 727 885 771
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in Central London 12.37% 9.95% 8.61%
As % of the Programming Languages category 25.55% 18.66% 16.49%
Number of daily rates quoted 561 661 632
Central London median daily rate £559 £550 £550
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +1.64% - +4.76%
10th Percentile £413 £413 £425
90th Percentile £700 £688 £706
London median daily rate £550 £550 £550
Number of hourly rates quoted 6 0 3
Central London median hourly rate £43.00 - £28.00
10th Percentile £24.50 - £25.73
90th Percentile £52.63 - £44.60
London median hourly rate £47.50 £41.88 £29.88
% change year-on-year +13.43% +40.17% -13.74%

Python is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in Central London with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
Central London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 2,845 4,743 4,675
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in Central London 48.40% 53.35% 52.22%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,212 3,829 3,925
Central London median daily rate £525 £525 £513
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +2.44% +7.89%
10th Percentile £375 £375 £363
90th Percentile £675 £675 £688
London median daily rate £525 £525 £500
% change year-on-year - +5.00% +5.26%
Number of hourly rates quoted 19 7 18
Central London median hourly rate £35.00 £37.09 £21.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -5.63% +72.51% -21.82%
10th Percentile £20.68 £18.35 £18.50
90th Percentile £54.65 £39.13 £103.50
London median hourly rate £40.00 £36.67 £33.27
% change year-on-year +9.08% +10.22% -20.79%

Python
Job Vacancy Trend in Central London

Job postings citing Python as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in Central London.

Job vacancy trend for Python in Central London

Python
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in Central London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Python in Central London.

Contractor daily rate trend for Python in Central London

Python
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in Central London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Python in Central London over the 6 months to 16 February 2020.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Python in Central London

Python
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in Central London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Python in Central London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Python in Central London

Python
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in Central London

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Python in Central London over the 6 months to 16 February 2020.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Python in Central London

Python
Contract Job Locations in Central London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Python within the Central London region over the 6 months to 16 February 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
City of London +7 590 £563 +2.27% 431
City of Westminster +2 14 £625 +16.28% 1
Southwark +1 12 £525 - 1
West End of London +2 9 £550 +4.76% 2
Camden +7 2 £563 -
Python
London

For the 6 months to 16 February 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Python also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the Central London region with a requirement for Python.

1 218 (29.99%) Java
2 202 (27.79%) AWS
3 193 (26.55%) DevOps
4 182 (25.03%) Agile Software Development
5 167 (22.97%) SQL
6 155 (21.32%) Finance
7 133 (18.29%) Docker
8 132 (18.16%) Kubernetes
9 115 (15.82%) GCP
10 113 (15.54%) JavaScript
10 113 (15.54%) Linux
11 109 (14.99%) Azure
12 106 (14.58%) Data Science
13 101 (13.89%) Microservices
14 95 (13.07%) Machine Learning
15 89 (12.24%) Terraform
16 87 (11.97%) Greenfield Project
17 86 (11.83%) Go
17 86 (11.83%) Ruby
17 86 (11.83%) Google
18 85 (11.69%) Analytics
19 77 (10.59%) Jenkins
19 77 (10.59%) C++
20 73 (10.04%) C#
21 67 (9.22%) Big Data
22 65 (8.94%) Apache Spark
22 65 (8.94%) Business Intelligence
22 65 (8.94%) TDD
23 64 (8.80%) Banking
23 64 (8.80%) Ansible

Python
Co-occurring IT Skills in Central London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 65 (8.94%) Apache Spark
2 43 (5.91%) Elasticsearch
3 13 (1.79%) Apache Airflow
4 10 (1.38%) Cloud Foundry
5 9 (1.24%) Confluence
5 9 (1.24%) nginx
6 8 (1.10%) Jupyter
7 7 (0.96%) SharePoint
8 6 (0.83%) Tomcat
9 5 (0.69%) Apache
9 5 (0.69%) Luigi
10 4 (0.55%) WebSphere
11 3 (0.41%) Adobe Experience Manager
12 2 (0.28%) Anypoint
12 2 (0.28%) ArcGIS
12 2 (0.28%) DataSynapse
12 2 (0.28%) DNN
13 1 (0.14%) IBM HTTP Server
13 1 (0.14%) Oracle Workflow
13 1 (0.14%) SAS
Applications
1 16 (2.20%) Microsoft Excel
2 4 (0.55%) Chatbot
3 3 (0.41%) InDesign
3 3 (0.41%) Photoshop
4 2 (0.28%) SPSS
5 1 (0.14%) Adobe Creative Suite
5 1 (0.14%) InVision
5 1 (0.14%) Sketch
5 1 (0.14%) Spreadsheet
5 1 (0.14%) Stata
5 1 (0.14%) Weka
Business Applications
1 7 (0.96%) Sophis RISQUE
2 6 (0.83%) Dynamics CRM
3 3 (0.41%) SAP Oil and Gas
4 2 (0.28%) Oracle EBS
5 1 (0.14%) FINCAD Analytics
Cloud Services
1 202 (27.79%) AWS
2 115 (15.82%) GCP
3 109 (14.99%) Azure
4 58 (7.98%) Serverless
5 40 (5.50%) AWS Lambda
6 33 (4.54%) GitHub
7 27 (3.71%) Amazon S3
8 25 (3.44%) Power Platform
9 23 (3.16%) AWS CloudFormation
10 19 (2.61%) Azure Data Factory
11 18 (2.48%) Amazon EC2
11 18 (2.48%) Azure Machine Learning
12 15 (2.06%) Amazon SQS
13 13 (1.79%) Amazon Kinesis
14 11 (1.51%) Amazon ECS
14 11 (1.51%) Cloud Computing
15 10 (1.38%) Amazon EKS
15 10 (1.38%) Route 53
15 10 (1.38%) Virtual Private Cloud
16 9 (1.24%) Azure Functions
Communications & Networking
1 20 (2.75%) Firewall
2 11 (1.51%) HTTP
3 10 (1.38%) DNS
3 10 (1.38%) TCP/IP
4 9 (1.24%) Internet
5 8 (1.10%) Network Security
6 5 (0.69%) Remote Desktop
7 4 (0.55%) HTTPS
7 4 (0.55%) SSL
8 3 (0.41%) DHCP
8 3 (0.41%) MPLS
8 3 (0.41%) VPN
8 3 (0.41%) Wi-Fi
8 3 (0.41%) Wireshark
9 2 (0.28%) 2G
9 2 (0.28%) 3G
9 2 (0.28%) 4G
9 2 (0.28%) AMQP
9 2 (0.28%) FTP
9 2 (0.28%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 67 (9.22%) Big Data
2 56 (7.70%) Hadoop
3 53 (7.29%) PostgreSQL
4 49 (6.74%) Data Warehouse
5 48 (6.60%) NoSQL
6 32 (4.40%) MySQL
7 31 (4.26%) SQL Server
8 29 (3.99%) MongoDB
9 28 (3.85%) Data Lake
10 24 (3.30%) Power BI
11 22 (3.03%) Amazon Redshift
11 22 (3.03%) Relational Database
12 20 (2.75%) Apache Hive
13 17 (2.34%) Apache Cassandra
14 16 (2.20%) BigQuery
15 15 (2.06%) Redis
16 13 (1.79%) Azure SQL Database
17 12 (1.65%) HBase
18 10 (1.38%) Amazon DynamoDB
18 10 (1.38%) SQL Server Integration Services
Development Applications
1 77 (10.59%) Jenkins
2 61 (8.39%) Git (software)
3 30 (4.13%) JIRA
4 23 (3.16%) Maven
5 21 (2.89%) TeamCity
6 16 (2.20%) CircleCI
7 12 (1.65%) GitLab
8 10 (1.38%) Travis CI
9 9 (1.24%) Selenium
10 8 (1.10%) Atlassian Bamboo
10 8 (1.10%) Subversion
11 6 (0.83%) Cucumber
11 6 (0.83%) Sonatype Nexus
11 6 (0.83%) Team Foundation Server
11 6 (0.83%) Visual Studio
11 6 (0.83%) Visual Studio Team System
12 3 (0.41%) Appium
12 3 (0.41%) Clang
12 3 (0.41%) WebDriver
13 2 (0.28%) Ant
General
1 155 (21.32%) Finance
2 64 (8.80%) Banking
3 62 (8.53%) Front Office
4 23 (3.16%) Marketing
5 19 (2.61%) Investment Banking
6 18 (2.48%) Advertising
7 17 (2.34%) Public Sector
8 14 (1.93%) Games
9 13 (1.79%) Financial Institution
10 10 (1.38%) Law
11 7 (0.96%) International Banking
11 7 (0.96%) Telecoms
12 6 (0.83%) Publishing
12 6 (0.83%) Retail
13 5 (0.69%) French Language
14 4 (0.55%) Manufacturing
14 4 (0.55%) Retail Banking
15 3 (0.41%) Legal
16 2 (0.28%) Electronics
16 2 (0.28%) Local Government
Job Titles
1 306 (42.09%) Developer
2 150 (20.63%) Python Developer
3 95 (13.07%) DevOps Engineer
4 74 (10.18%) Data Engineer
5 67 (9.22%) Python Engineer
6 45 (6.19%) Data Scientist
7 42 (5.78%) AWS Engineer
8 38 (5.23%) Java Developer
9 36 (4.95%) Analyst
10 33 (4.54%) Senior Developer
11 30 (4.13%) Architect
12 28 (3.85%) Azure Engineer
12 28 (3.85%) Platform Engineer
13 27 (3.71%) Full Stack Developer
14 25 (3.44%) AWS DevOps
15 24 (3.30%) Cloud Engineer
16 23 (3.16%) AWS DevOps Engineer
17 22 (3.03%) Django Developer
17 22 (3.03%) Python/Django Developer
17 22 (3.03%) Software Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 59 (8.12%) Kafka
2 51 (7.02%) Node.js
3 49 (6.74%) .NET
4 45 (6.19%) Django
5 42 (5.78%) HTML
6 41 (5.64%) Web Services
7 40 (5.50%) React
8 37 (5.09%) Flask
9 33 (4.54%) Natural Language Processing
10 31 (4.26%) CSS
11 26 (3.58%) RESTful
12 25 (3.44%) AngularJS
12 25 (3.44%) REST
13 22 (3.03%) Pandas
14 21 (2.89%) Spring
15 20 (2.75%) NumPy
16 17 (2.34%) PySpark
17 14 (1.93%) Redux
18 13 (1.79%) JSON
18 13 (1.79%) WPF
Miscellaneous
1 87 (11.97%) Greenfield Project
2 44 (6.05%) Analytical Skills
3 40 (5.50%) Algorithms
4 22 (3.03%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
5 19 (2.61%) Data Structures
5 19 (2.61%) Public Cloud
5 19 (2.61%) User Experience
6 18 (2.48%) Derivative
7 15 (2.06%) Equities
7 15 (2.06%) Linux Command Line
7 15 (2.06%) Market Risk
8 10 (1.38%) Credit Risk
8 10 (1.38%) Hedge funds
9 9 (1.24%) iPad
9 9 (1.24%) Self-Motivation
10 7 (0.96%) Cloud Native
11 6 (0.83%) Enterprise Software
11 6 (0.83%) Fixed Income
12 5 (0.69%) Data Centre
12 5 (0.69%) Management Information System
Operating Systems
1 113 (15.54%) Linux
2 38 (5.23%) Unix
3 36 (4.95%) Windows
4 12 (1.65%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 10 (1.38%) Apple iOS
6 6 (0.83%) CentOS
6 6 (0.83%) Ubuntu
7 5 (0.69%) Mac OS
8 4 (0.55%) Mac OS X
9 3 (0.41%) Android
9 3 (0.41%) Windows Server
10 2 (0.28%) Debian
10 2 (0.28%) Mac OS X Server
11 1 (0.14%) Embedded Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 193 (26.55%) DevOps
2 182 (25.03%) Agile Software Development
3 106 (14.58%) Data Science
4 101 (13.89%) Microservices
5 95 (13.07%) Machine Learning
6 85 (11.69%) Analytics
7 65 (8.94%) Business Intelligence
7 65 (8.94%) TDD
8 62 (8.53%) Continuous Integration
9 57 (7.84%) Software Engineering
10 55 (7.57%) ETL
11 53 (7.29%) Artificial Intelligence
12 48 (6.60%) Open Source
13 44 (6.05%) Visualisation
14 41 (5.64%) Computer Science
15 39 (5.36%) Mathematics
15 39 (5.36%) OO
16 37 (5.09%) Infrastructure as Code
16 37 (5.09%) Problem-Solving
16 37 (5.09%) Scrum
Programming Languages
1 218 (29.99%) Java
2 167 (22.97%) SQL
3 113 (15.54%) JavaScript
4 86 (11.83%) Go
4 86 (11.83%) Ruby
5 77 (10.59%) C++
6 73 (10.04%) C#
7 60 (8.25%) Bash Shell
8 58 (7.98%) Scala
9 54 (7.43%) R
10 35 (4.81%) PHP
11 23 (3.16%) Groovy
12 21 (2.89%) PowerShell
13 16 (2.20%) Perl
14 11 (1.51%) VBA
15 10 (1.38%) Shell Script
16 9 (1.24%) C
17 8 (1.10%) MATLAB
18 7 (0.96%) Kotlin
19 6 (0.83%) ES6
Qualifications
1 48 (6.60%) Degree
2 21 (2.89%) PhD
3 20 (2.75%) Security Cleared
4 18 (2.48%) SC Cleared
5 15 (2.06%) Computer Science Degree
6 8 (1.10%) Master's Degree
7 6 (0.83%) AWS Certification
8 5 (0.69%) Numerate Degree
9 4 (0.55%) ISEB
10 3 (0.41%) CHECK Team Member
10 3 (0.41%) Cisco Certification
10 3 (0.41%) DV Cleared
10 3 (0.41%) ISTQB
11 2 (0.28%) CCIE
11 2 (0.28%) CCIE Routing and Switching
11 2 (0.28%) CFA
11 2 (0.28%) CISSP
12 1 (0.14%) CCA
12 1 (0.14%) CCNA
12 1 (0.14%) Network+ Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 21 (2.89%) QA
2 6 (0.83%) GDPR
3 4 (0.55%) Data Quality
3 4 (0.55%) EMIR
3 4 (0.55%) MiFID
3 4 (0.55%) PCI DSS
3 4 (0.55%) PSD2
3 4 (0.55%) SLA
4 3 (0.41%) NIST
5 2 (0.28%) NIST 800
6 1 (0.14%) Basel III
6 1 (0.14%) NCSC
System Software
1 133 (18.29%) Docker
2 11 (1.51%) HDFS
3 8 (1.10%) Active Directory
4 5 (0.69%) VMware Infrastructure
5 4 (0.55%) Apache Flume
5 4 (0.55%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 2 (0.28%) Virtual Machines
6 2 (0.28%) VirtualBox
7 1 (0.14%) Hyper-V
7 1 (0.14%) KVM
7 1 (0.14%) Virtual Desktop
7 1 (0.14%) VMware ESXi
7 1 (0.14%) VMware NSX
7 1 (0.14%) Xen
7 1 (0.14%) zsh
Systems Management
1 132 (18.16%) Kubernetes
2 89 (12.24%) Terraform
3 64 (8.80%) Ansible
4 45 (6.19%) Puppet
5 29 (3.99%) Opscode Chef
6 10 (1.38%) Rancher
7 9 (1.24%) Hadoop YARN
8 8 (1.10%) Prometheus
9 6 (0.83%) Docker Swarm
9 6 (0.83%) Grafana
10 5 (0.69%) Graphite
10 5 (0.69%) logstash
10 5 (0.69%) Nagios
10 5 (0.69%) SCCM
11 4 (0.55%) CFEngine
11 4 (0.55%) HP SiteScope
11 4 (0.55%) Kibana
11 4 (0.55%) Single Sign-On
12 3 (0.41%) Jamf Pro
12 3 (0.41%) Kubeflow
Vendors
1 86 (11.83%) Google
2 43 (5.91%) Microsoft
3 37 (5.09%) Oracle
4 26 (3.58%) Tableau
5 19 (2.61%) Splunk
6 14 (1.93%) Databricks
6 14 (1.93%) Red Hat
7 9 (1.24%) Facebook
8 7 (0.96%) Alteryx
8 7 (0.96%) Salesforce.com
8 7 (0.96%) Sophis
8 7 (0.96%) VMware
9 6 (0.83%) SaltStack
9 6 (0.83%) Teradata
10 5 (0.69%) Atlassian
10 5 (0.69%) Cloudera
10 5 (0.69%) Fortinet
10 5 (0.69%) Hortonworks
10 5 (0.69%) IBM
10 5 (0.69%) MuleSoft