Period
to 11 November 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in Central London with a requirement for Python skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Python over the 6 months to 11 November 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Python
London > Central London
6 months to
11 Nov 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 9 16 19
Rank change year-on-year +7 +3 0
Contract jobs citing Python 926 857 691
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in Central London 12.50% 9.53% 8.21%
As % of the Programming Languages category 25.07% 17.71% 16.03%
Number of daily rates quoted 709 678 569
Central London median daily rate £560 £550 £550
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +1.82% - +7.32%
10th Percentile £413 £400 £416
90th Percentile £713 £696 £701
London median daily rate £550 £550 £538
% change year-on-year - +2.33% +7.50%
Number of hourly rates quoted 3 0 3
Central London median hourly rate £47.50 - £28.00
10th Percentile £42.58 - £25.33
90th Percentile £54.65 - £42.60
London median hourly rate £47.50 £43.75 £29.00
% change year-on-year +8.57% +50.86% +6.07%

Python is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in Central London with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
Central London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 3,693 4,840 4,311
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in Central London 49.84% 53.83% 51.22%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,960 3,978 3,520
Central London median daily rate £525 £525 £513
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +2.44% +7.89%
10th Percentile £381 £366 £363
90th Percentile £675 £675 £675
London median daily rate £525 £525 £500
% change year-on-year - +5.00% +8.11%
Number of hourly rates quoted 12 9 20
Central London median hourly rate £31.50 £37.09 £22.99
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -15.07% +61.31% -16.39%
10th Percentile £21.02 £16.90 £13.35
90th Percentile £55.18 £63.70 £45.80
London median hourly rate £45.25 £37.09 £35.91
% change year-on-year +22.00% +3.30% +10.48%

Python
Job Vacancy Trend in Central London

Job postings citing Python as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in Central London.

Job vacancy trend for Python in Central London

Python
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in Central London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Python in Central London.

Contractor daily rate trend for Python in Central London

Python
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in Central London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Python in Central London over the 6 months to 11 November 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Python in Central London

Python
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in Central London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Python in Central London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Python in Central London

Python
Contract Job Locations in Central London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Python within the Central London region over the 6 months to 11 November 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
City of London +4 750 £575 +4.55% 381
Southwark 0 23 £525 - 1
City of Westminster +10 16 £550 +10.00%
West End of London +7 15 £500 -16.67%
Camden +2 1 £575 -8.00%
Python
London

For the 6 months to 11 November 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Python also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the Central London region with a requirement for Python.

1 305 (32.94%) Java
2 295 (31.86%) AWS
3 272 (29.37%) Agile Software Development
4 266 (28.73%) SQL
5 238 (25.70%) Finance
6 222 (23.97%) DevOps
7 194 (20.95%) Docker
8 191 (20.63%) Linux
9 164 (17.71%) Data Science
10 152 (16.41%) Azure
11 151 (16.31%) GCP
12 146 (15.77%) Kubernetes
13 138 (14.90%) Microservices
14 135 (14.58%) Machine Learning
15 131 (14.15%) JavaScript
16 130 (14.04%) Analytics
17 122 (13.17%) Google
18 121 (13.07%) Jenkins
19 120 (12.96%) Git (software)
20 115 (12.42%) Apache Spark
21 107 (11.56%) Big Data
22 103 (11.12%) Ruby
23 102 (11.02%) Hadoop
24 101 (10.91%) Terraform
25 99 (10.69%) TDD
26 96 (10.37%) Kafka
26 96 (10.37%) Go
27 95 (10.26%) Ansible
28 94 (10.15%) Continuous Integration
28 94 (10.15%) PostgreSQL

Python
Co-occurring IT Skills in Central London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 115 (12.42%) Apache Spark
2 50 (5.40%) Elasticsearch
3 36 (3.89%) Confluence
4 35 (3.78%) Apache
5 28 (3.02%) Apache Airflow
6 14 (1.51%) Jupyter
7 11 (1.19%) Cloud Foundry
8 10 (1.08%) SharePoint
9 9 (0.97%) ArcGIS
9 9 (0.97%) GeoServer
9 9 (0.97%) nginx
9 9 (0.97%) SAS
10 8 (0.86%) WebLogic
11 7 (0.76%) Luigi
12 6 (0.65%) WebLogic Integration
13 4 (0.43%) Tomcat
14 3 (0.32%) Adobe Experience Manager
14 3 (0.32%) IIS
14 3 (0.32%) OpenStack
15 2 (0.22%) Apache Pig
Applications
1 29 (3.13%) Microsoft Excel
2 4 (0.43%) Spreadsheet
3 3 (0.32%) InDesign
3 3 (0.32%) Microsoft Office
3 3 (0.32%) Photoshop
3 3 (0.32%) SPSS
4 2 (0.22%) Chatbot
5 1 (0.11%) Adobe Creative Suite
5 1 (0.11%) InVision
5 1 (0.11%) Sketch
5 1 (0.11%) Stata
Business Applications
1 6 (0.65%) Dynamics CRM
1 6 (0.65%) Oracle Financials
1 6 (0.65%) Unit4 Business World
2 4 (0.43%) Remedy ITSM
3 1 (0.11%) Distributed Ledger
3 1 (0.11%) FINCAD Analytics
3 1 (0.11%) Markit EDM
3 1 (0.11%) Payment Gateway
3 1 (0.11%) SAP Oil and Gas
Cloud Services
1 295 (31.86%) AWS
2 152 (16.41%) Azure
3 151 (16.31%) GCP
4 66 (7.13%) Serverless
5 59 (6.37%) Amazon S3
6 55 (5.94%) AWS Lambda
7 48 (5.18%) GitHub
8 33 (3.56%) Amazon EC2
9 31 (3.35%) Power Platform
10 28 (3.02%) AWS CloudFormation
10 28 (3.02%) Virtual Private Cloud
11 21 (2.27%) Amazon ECS
12 19 (2.05%) Amazon EMR
13 18 (1.94%) Cloud Computing
14 16 (1.73%) Azure Data Factory
15 15 (1.62%) Azure Machine Learning
16 14 (1.51%) Amazon Kinesis
17 13 (1.40%) Route 53
18 12 (1.30%) Amazon CloudWatch
19 11 (1.19%) Datadog
Communications & Networking
1 23 (2.48%) Firewall
2 12 (1.30%) Internet
3 11 (1.19%) VPN
4 10 (1.08%) DNS
4 10 (1.08%) HTTP
5 9 (0.97%) Network Security
6 8 (0.86%) WAN
7 7 (0.76%) BGP
7 7 (0.76%) TCP/IP
8 6 (0.65%) Intrusion Detection
9 5 (0.54%) LAN
9 5 (0.54%) OSPF
9 5 (0.54%) Remote Desktop
9 5 (0.54%) Wireless
10 4 (0.43%) Cisco Nexus
10 4 (0.43%) DHCP
10 4 (0.43%) Wireshark
11 3 (0.32%) Cisco ASA
11 3 (0.32%) Cisco IOS
11 3 (0.32%) H.323
Database & Business Intelligence
1 107 (11.56%) Big Data
2 102 (11.02%) Hadoop
3 94 (10.15%) PostgreSQL
4 65 (7.02%) Data Warehouse
5 53 (5.72%) MySQL
6 46 (4.97%) Apache Hive
6 46 (4.97%) NoSQL
7 45 (4.86%) SQL Server
8 42 (4.54%) MongoDB
9 39 (4.21%) Relational Database
10 34 (3.67%) Amazon Redshift
11 32 (3.46%) Data Lake
12 28 (3.02%) BigQuery
13 27 (2.92%) Power BI
14 19 (2.05%) Apache Cassandra
14 19 (2.05%) Azure SQL Database
15 17 (1.84%) HBase
15 17 (1.84%) SQL Server Integration Services
16 16 (1.73%) Amazon RDS
17 15 (1.62%) Spark SQL
Development Applications
1 121 (13.07%) Jenkins
2 120 (12.96%) Git (software)
3 63 (6.80%) JIRA
4 33 (3.56%) Maven
5 25 (2.70%) TeamCity
6 20 (2.16%) Sonatype Nexus
6 20 (2.16%) Subversion
7 18 (1.94%) CircleCI
8 14 (1.51%) Selenium
9 12 (1.30%) Atlassian Bamboo
9 12 (1.30%) Travis CI
10 10 (1.08%) Cucumber
11 9 (0.97%) GitLab
12 8 (0.86%) Bitbucket
12 8 (0.86%) Eclipse
12 8 (0.86%) SonarQube
12 8 (0.86%) Visual Studio
13 7 (0.76%) CruiseControl
14 6 (0.65%) Gradle
14 6 (0.65%) Mocha
General
1 238 (25.70%) Finance
2 93 (10.04%) Banking
3 68 (7.34%) Front Office
4 28 (3.02%) Investment Banking
5 22 (2.38%) Retail
6 19 (2.05%) Advertising
7 17 (1.84%) Public Sector
8 16 (1.73%) Marketing
9 15 (1.62%) Financial Institution
9 15 (1.62%) Games
10 14 (1.51%) Publishing
11 10 (1.08%) Law
12 7 (0.76%) Legal
13 6 (0.65%) Retail Banking
14 4 (0.43%) Telecoms
15 2 (0.22%) Electronics
16 1 (0.11%) Aerospace
16 1 (0.11%) Back Office
16 1 (0.11%) Corporate Banking
16 1 (0.11%) Manufacturing
Job Titles
1 361 (38.98%) Developer
2 197 (21.27%) Python Developer
3 128 (13.82%) Data Engineer
4 121 (13.07%) DevOps Engineer
5 98 (10.58%) Python Engineer
6 64 (6.91%) Data Scientist
7 61 (6.59%) AWS Engineer
8 48 (5.18%) Analyst
9 41 (4.43%) Architect
9 41 (4.43%) Senior Developer
10 34 (3.67%) AWS DevOps
11 33 (3.56%) AWS DevOps Engineer
12 31 (3.35%) Java Developer
13 30 (3.24%) Cloud Engineer
14 27 (2.92%) Full Stack Developer
15 25 (2.70%) Azure Engineer
16 23 (2.48%) Software Engineer
17 22 (2.38%) Senior Python Developer
18 20 (2.16%) Big Data Engineer
18 20 (2.16%) SQL Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 96 (10.37%) Kafka
2 76 (8.21%) Node.js
3 62 (6.70%) Web Services
4 56 (6.05%) Django
4 56 (6.05%) Flask
5 50 (5.40%) React
6 49 (5.29%) .NET
6 49 (5.29%) Natural Language Processing
7 48 (5.18%) REST
8 46 (4.97%) AngularJS
8 46 (4.97%) HTML
8 46 (4.97%) RESTful
9 43 (4.64%) PySpark
10 40 (4.32%) CSS
10 40 (4.32%) JSON
11 33 (3.56%) Spring
12 32 (3.46%) Pandas
13 28 (3.02%) NumPy
14 22 (2.38%) scikit-learn
14 22 (2.38%) XML
Miscellaneous
1 79 (8.53%) Greenfield Project
2 61 (6.59%) Algorithms
3 53 (5.72%) Analytical Skills
4 38 (4.10%) Data Structures
5 28 (3.02%) Public Cloud
6 24 (2.59%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
7 22 (2.38%) User Experience
8 18 (1.94%) Linux Command Line
9 15 (1.62%) Equities
9 15 (1.62%) Self-Motivation
10 13 (1.40%) Derivative
11 12 (1.30%) Cloud Native
11 12 (1.30%) Hedge funds
11 12 (1.30%) Market Risk
12 11 (1.19%) Enterprise Software
12 11 (1.19%) Fixed Income
12 11 (1.19%) Management Information System
13 9 (0.97%) Credit Risk
14 8 (0.86%) Data Centre
15 7 (0.76%) iPad
Operating Systems
1 191 (20.63%) Linux
2 64 (6.91%) Unix
3 55 (5.94%) Windows
4 35 (3.78%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 16 (1.73%) Ubuntu
6 12 (1.30%) CentOS
6 12 (1.30%) Mac OS X
7 10 (1.08%) Windows Server
8 9 (0.97%) Debian
9 6 (0.65%) Mac OS
9 6 (0.65%) openSUSE
10 4 (0.43%) Android
10 4 (0.43%) Apple iOS
11 2 (0.22%) CoreOS
11 2 (0.22%) Mac OS X Server
11 2 (0.22%) Solaris
11 2 (0.22%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
11 2 (0.22%) VMS
12 1 (0.11%) Embedded Linux
12 1 (0.11%) FreeBSD
Processes & Methodologies
1 272 (29.37%) Agile Software Development
2 222 (23.97%) DevOps
3 164 (17.71%) Data Science
4 138 (14.90%) Microservices
5 135 (14.58%) Machine Learning
6 130 (14.04%) Analytics
7 99 (10.69%) TDD
8 94 (10.15%) Continuous Integration
9 93 (10.04%) ETL
10 81 (8.75%) Open Source
11 77 (8.32%) Data Modelling
12 75 (8.10%) Artificial Intelligence
13 70 (7.56%) Business Intelligence
14 69 (7.45%) Configuration Management
15 65 (7.02%) Test Automation
16 64 (6.91%) Software Engineering
17 57 (6.16%) Scrum
18 54 (5.83%) Fintech
18 54 (5.83%) Mathematics
18 54 (5.83%) Visualisation
Programming Languages
1 305 (32.94%) Java
2 266 (28.73%) SQL
3 131 (14.15%) JavaScript
4 103 (11.12%) Ruby
5 96 (10.37%) Go
6 92 (9.94%) Bash Shell
6 92 (9.94%) C++
6 92 (9.94%) Scala
7 67 (7.24%) R
8 66 (7.13%) C#
9 50 (5.40%) Perl
10 39 (4.21%) PowerShell
11 22 (2.38%) PHP
12 21 (2.27%) Shell Script
12 21 (2.27%) VBA
13 17 (1.84%) Groovy
14 16 (1.73%) C
15 13 (1.40%) T-SQL
16 11 (1.19%) ES6
17 10 (1.08%) MATLAB
Qualifications
1 66 (7.13%) Degree
2 34 (3.67%) Security Cleared
3 28 (3.02%) PhD
4 19 (2.05%) SC Cleared
5 18 (1.94%) Computer Science Degree
6 14 (1.51%) AWS Certification
7 13 (1.40%) Numerate Degree
8 9 (0.97%) RHCE
9 5 (0.54%) Cisco Certification
9 5 (0.54%) DV Cleared
10 4 (0.43%) CISSP
10 4 (0.43%) Master's Degree
11 2 (0.22%) CCIE
11 2 (0.22%) CCNP
11 2 (0.22%) CFA
11 2 (0.22%) CTC Cleared
11 2 (0.22%) ISEB
11 2 (0.22%) MCSA
11 2 (0.22%) Microsoft Certification
11 2 (0.22%) SANS
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 22 (2.38%) QA
2 11 (1.19%) NIST
3 10 (1.08%) Data Quality
4 8 (0.86%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 6 (0.65%) COBIT
5 6 (0.65%) PCI DSS
6 4 (0.43%) EMIR
6 4 (0.43%) MiFID
6 4 (0.43%) SLA
7 3 (0.32%) GDPR
8 2 (0.22%) Basel III
8 2 (0.22%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
8 2 (0.22%) NIST 800
9 1 (0.11%) ISO 8583
9 1 (0.11%) PMO
System Software
1 194 (20.95%) Docker
2 13 (1.40%) HDFS
3 10 (1.08%) Active Directory
3 10 (1.08%) VMware Infrastructure
4 6 (0.65%) Apache Flume
5 4 (0.43%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 3 (0.32%) Hyper-V
6 3 (0.32%) KVM
6 3 (0.32%) VMware ESXi
7 2 (0.22%) ProxySG
7 2 (0.22%) Samba
7 2 (0.22%) Veritas Cluster Server
7 2 (0.22%) Veritas Volume Manager
7 2 (0.22%) VirtualBox
7 2 (0.22%) Xen
8 1 (0.11%) etcd
8 1 (0.11%) Varnish
8 1 (0.11%) Virtual Desktop
8 1 (0.11%) VMware NSX
8 1 (0.11%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 146 (15.77%) Kubernetes
2 101 (10.91%) Terraform
3 95 (10.26%) Ansible
4 55 (5.94%) Puppet
5 48 (5.18%) Opscode Chef
6 18 (1.94%) Hadoop YARN
7 10 (1.08%) Prometheus
8 9 (0.97%) Docker Swarm
8 9 (0.97%) Grafana
8 9 (0.97%) Suricata
9 8 (0.86%) Nagios
10 7 (0.76%) Kibana
10 7 (0.76%) Nessus
10 7 (0.76%) Salt
11 6 (0.65%) Mesos
11 6 (0.65%) Packer
11 6 (0.65%) Rancher
12 5 (0.54%) Graphite
12 5 (0.54%) HP Fortify
12 5 (0.54%) Marathon
Vendors
1 122 (13.17%) Google
2 55 (5.94%) Microsoft
3 52 (5.62%) Oracle
4 38 (4.10%) Tableau
5 30 (3.24%) Red Hat
6 28 (3.02%) Splunk
7 17 (1.84%) Cloudera
8 16 (1.73%) ServiceNow
9 14 (1.51%) Qualys
10 13 (1.40%) VMware
11 12 (1.30%) Atlassian
11 12 (1.30%) Databricks
12 11 (1.19%) Adobe
12 11 (1.19%) Talend
12 11 (1.19%) Teradata
13 10 (1.08%) IBM
14 8 (0.86%) Alteryx
14 8 (0.86%) ESRI
14 8 (0.86%) Hortonworks
15 7 (0.76%) Bloomberg