Period
to 26 November 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for Web Services skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Web Services over the 6 months to 26 November 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Web Services
Central London > City of London
6 months to
26 Nov 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 59 58 76
Rank change year-on-year -1 +18 -40
Contract jobs citing Web Services 65 220 224
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the City of London 3.29% 3.80% 3.19%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 10.94% 10.73% 8.09%
Number of daily rates quoted 75 174 183
Median daily rate £550 £525 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% -
10th Percentile £462 £363 £406
90th Percentile £675 £688 £618
Central London median daily rate £550 £525 £500
% change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 1 0 0
Median hourly rate £35.00 - -
Central London median hourly rate £35.00 - -

Web Services is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
City of London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 594 2,051 2,768
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 30.11% 35.38% 39.44%
Number of daily rates quoted 440 1,685 2,322
Median daily rate £538 £538 £525
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +2.38% +2.44%
10th Percentile £363 £400 £400
90th Percentile £688 £675 £675
Central London median daily rate £538 £525 £525
% change year-on-year +2.38% - +5.00%
Number of hourly rates quoted 4 3 5
Median hourly rate £36.25 £52.00 £19.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -30.29% +173.68% -17.36%
10th Percentile £35.00 £26.70 £14.32
90th Percentile £39.48 £63.10 £77.95
Median hourly rate £36.25 £43.50 £27.00
% change year-on-year -16.67% +61.11% +25.58%

Web Services
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing Web Services as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for Web Services in the City of London

Web Services
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Web Services in the City of London.

Daily rate trend for Web Services in the City of London

Web Services
Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Web Services in the City of London over the 6 months to 26 November 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Web Services in the City of London

Web Services
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Web Services in the City of London.

Hourly rate trend for Web Services in the City of London

For the 6 months to 26 November 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Web Services also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for Web Services.

1 33 (50.77%) JavaScript
2 29 (44.62%) Java
3 27 (41.54%) Agile Software Development
3 27 (41.54%) AWS
3 27 (41.54%) Jenkins
4 26 (40.00%) AngularJS
4 26 (40.00%) Azure
4 26 (40.00%) HTML
4 26 (40.00%) Docker
5 25 (38.46%) DevOps
6 24 (36.92%) CSS
6 24 (36.92%) TDD
7 23 (35.38%) Software Engineering
8 22 (33.85%) REST
9 21 (32.31%) HTML5
9 21 (32.31%) Git (software)
10 18 (27.69%) CSS3
10 18 (27.69%) Sass
10 18 (27.69%) LESS
11 17 (26.15%) Microservices
11 17 (26.15%) MVC
12 15 (23.08%) PHP
12 15 (23.08%) Linux
12 15 (23.08%) Laravel
12 15 (23.08%) Spring
12 15 (23.08%) Vuetify.js
12 15 (23.08%) Vue.js
13 12 (18.46%) Maven
13 12 (18.46%) OO
13 12 (18.46%) Python

Web Services
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 6 (9.23%) Confluence
2 3 (4.62%) Elasticsearch
2 3 (4.62%) JBoss
2 3 (4.62%) Red Hat Fuse
3 2 (3.08%) CMS
3 2 (3.08%) Exchange Server 2010
3 2 (3.08%) MS Exchange
3 2 (3.08%) Oracle SOA Suite
3 2 (3.08%) Skype for Business
4 1 (1.54%) Apache
4 1 (1.54%) Appian
4 1 (1.54%) IIS
4 1 (1.54%) Mule
4 1 (1.54%) Oracle Workflow
4 1 (1.54%) WebLogic
4 1 (1.54%) WebSphere
Applications
1 1 (1.54%) Microsoft Excel
Business Applications
1 1 (1.54%) Dynamics AX
1 1 (1.54%) Dynamics CRM
1 1 (1.54%) Dynamics NAV
1 1 (1.54%) Siebel CRM
Cloud Services
1 27 (41.54%) AWS
2 26 (40.00%) Azure
3 3 (4.62%) GCP
3 3 (4.62%) iPaaS
3 3 (4.62%) Office 365
3 3 (4.62%) OpenShift
3 3 (4.62%) SaaS
4 2 (3.08%) Apigee
4 2 (3.08%) AWS CloudFormation
4 2 (3.08%) AWS CodePipeline
4 2 (3.08%) Azure ExpressRoute
4 2 (3.08%) Azure Stack
4 2 (3.08%) GitHub
4 2 (3.08%) IBM Cloud
4 2 (3.08%) npm
4 2 (3.08%) Power Platform
5 1 (1.54%) Amazon EC2
5 1 (1.54%) Cloud Computing
5 1 (1.54%) PaaS
5 1 (1.54%) Virtual Private Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 2 (3.08%) AMQP
1 2 (3.08%) HTTP
1 2 (3.08%) Intranet
1 2 (3.08%) VPN
2 1 (1.54%) Internet
2 1 (1.54%) SSL
Database & Business Intelligence
1 6 (9.23%) PostgreSQL
1 6 (9.23%) Relational Database
2 5 (7.69%) MongoDB
2 5 (7.69%) Oracle Database
2 5 (7.69%) Oracle Database 11g
3 4 (6.15%) Data Warehouse
3 4 (6.15%) MySQL
3 4 (6.15%) SQL Server
4 3 (4.62%) NoSQL
5 2 (3.08%) HBase
5 2 (3.08%) Power BI
5 2 (3.08%) Redis
6 1 (1.54%) Amazon Redshift
6 1 (1.54%) Apache Cassandra
6 1 (1.54%) Big Data
6 1 (1.54%) Hazelcast
6 1 (1.54%) Oracle Database 10g
6 1 (1.54%) Siebel EIM
6 1 (1.54%) SQL Server Analysis Services
6 1 (1.54%) Tableau
Development Applications
1 27 (41.54%) Jenkins
2 21 (32.31%) Git (software)
3 12 (18.46%) Maven
4 6 (9.23%) JIRA
5 5 (7.69%) Gradle
5 5 (7.69%) JUnit
6 4 (6.15%) Grunt
6 4 (6.15%) gulp
6 4 (6.15%) Subversion
6 4 (6.15%) Team Foundation Server
7 3 (4.62%) Atlassian Bamboo
7 3 (4.62%) Bitbucket
7 3 (4.62%) Mockito
8 2 (3.08%) Bower
8 2 (3.08%) FishEye
8 2 (3.08%) Hudson
8 2 (3.08%) jMock
8 2 (3.08%) Karma Test Runner
8 2 (3.08%) Protractor
8 2 (3.08%) webpack
General
1 11 (16.92%) Finance
2 8 (12.31%) Banking
3 5 (7.69%) Front Office
4 4 (6.15%) Investment Banking
5 3 (4.62%) French Language
6 2 (3.08%) Back Office
6 2 (3.08%) International Banking
7 1 (1.54%) Games
7 1 (1.54%) Law
Job Titles
1 51 (78.46%) Developer
2 18 (27.69%) Backend Developer
3 15 (23.08%) PHP Developer
4 11 (16.92%) Java Developer
5 6 (9.23%) Java Engineer
6 5 (7.69%) Senior Developer
7 4 (6.15%) Angular Developer
7 4 (6.15%) Architect
7 4 (6.15%) Data Engineer
7 4 (6.15%) Developer/Software Engineer
7 4 (6.15%) Software Developer
7 4 (6.15%) Software Engineer
7 4 (6.15%) Solutions Architect
8 3 (4.62%) Azure Architect
8 3 (4.62%) Cloud Engineer
8 3 (4.62%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
8 3 (4.62%) JavaScript Developer
8 3 (4.62%) ServiceNow Developer
8 3 (4.62%) SQL Developer
9 2 (3.08%) Database Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 26 (40.00%) AngularJS
1 26 (40.00%) HTML
2 24 (36.92%) CSS
3 22 (33.85%) REST
4 21 (32.31%) HTML5
5 18 (27.69%) CSS3
5 18 (27.69%) LESS
5 18 (27.69%) Sass
6 15 (23.08%) Laravel
6 15 (23.08%) Spring
6 15 (23.08%) Vue.js
6 15 (23.08%) Vuetify.js
7 11 (16.92%) Spring Boot
7 11 (16.92%) XML
8 10 (15.38%) Kafka
9 8 (12.31%) Middleware
10 6 (9.23%) JMS
10 6 (9.23%) React
10 6 (9.23%) Redux
10 6 (9.23%) RESTful
Miscellaneous
1 7 (10.77%) Analytical Skills
2 5 (7.69%) Fixed Income
3 4 (6.15%) User Experience
4 3 (4.62%) Data Structures
4 3 (4.62%) Private Cloud
5 2 (3.08%) Algorithms
5 2 (3.08%) Blackberry
5 2 (3.08%) Blog
5 2 (3.08%) BYOD
5 2 (3.08%) Cloud Native
5 2 (3.08%) CMDB
5 2 (3.08%) iPad
5 2 (3.08%) iPhone
5 2 (3.08%) Self-Motivation
6 1 (1.54%) Derivative
6 1 (1.54%) Equities
6 1 (1.54%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
6 1 (1.54%) Management Information System
6 1 (1.54%) Mobile App
6 1 (1.54%) Mobile Payment
Operating Systems
1 15 (23.08%) Linux
2 8 (12.31%) Unix
3 4 (6.15%) Windows
Processes & Methodologies
1 27 (41.54%) Agile Software Development
2 25 (38.46%) DevOps
3 24 (36.92%) TDD
4 23 (35.38%) Software Engineering
5 17 (26.15%) Microservices
5 17 (26.15%) MVC
6 12 (18.46%) OO
6 12 (18.46%) Scrum
7 10 (15.38%) SDLC
8 7 (10.77%) BDD
9 6 (9.23%) Data Architecture
9 6 (9.23%) OOP
9 6 (9.23%) Unit Testing
10 5 (7.69%) Front End Development
10 5 (7.69%) Investment Management
10 5 (7.69%) Migration
10 5 (7.69%) SOA
11 4 (6.15%) API Development
11 4 (6.15%) Auto-Scaling
11 4 (6.15%) Problem-Solving
Programming Languages
1 33 (50.77%) JavaScript
2 29 (44.62%) Java
3 15 (23.08%) PHP
4 12 (18.46%) Python
5 10 (15.38%) SQL
6 9 (13.85%) Java 8
7 8 (12.31%) TypeScript
8 6 (9.23%) C++
9 5 (7.69%) C#
9 5 (7.69%) PL/SQL
10 4 (6.15%) Perl
11 3 (4.62%) PowerShell
12 2 (3.08%) C
12 2 (3.08%) ES6
12 2 (3.08%) VB
13 1 (1.54%) MUMPS
13 1 (1.54%) Ruby
13 1 (1.54%) Scala
13 1 (1.54%) T-SQL
13 1 (1.54%) VBA
Qualifications
1 5 (7.69%) Security Cleared
2 4 (6.15%) DV Cleared
3 3 (4.62%) Degree
3 3 (4.62%) SC Cleared
4 2 (3.08%) MCSA
4 2 (3.08%) MCSE
4 2 (3.08%) Microsoft Certification
5 1 (1.54%) Computer Science Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 1 (1.54%) QA
1 1 (1.54%) SLA
System Software
1 26 (40.00%) Docker
2 2 (3.08%) Active Directory
2 2 (3.08%) Apache ZooKeeper
2 2 (3.08%) etcd
2 2 (3.08%) Varnish
Systems Management
1 11 (16.92%) Kubernetes
2 5 (7.69%) Terraform
3 3 (4.62%) Kibana
3 3 (4.62%) logstash
4 2 (3.08%) Consul
4 2 (3.08%) Single Sign-On
5 1 (1.54%) Ansible
5 1 (1.54%) HP Quality Center
5 1 (1.54%) Opscode Chef
5 1 (1.54%) Packer
5 1 (1.54%) Puppet
Vendors
1 11 (16.92%) Oracle
2 4 (6.15%) Atlassian
2 4 (6.15%) Microsoft
2 4 (6.15%) ServiceNow
3 2 (3.08%) IBM
3 2 (3.08%) MuleSoft
3 2 (3.08%) Murex
3 2 (3.08%) Sybase
3 2 (3.08%) WSO2
4 1 (1.54%) Alteryx
4 1 (1.54%) Cloudera
4 1 (1.54%) Cognos
4 1 (1.54%) Informatica
4 1 (1.54%) OpenText
4 1 (1.54%) Red Hat
4 1 (1.54%) Siebel
4 1 (1.54%) UiPath