Period
to 18 July 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for Web Services skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Web Services over the 6 months to 18 July 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Web Services
Central London > City of London
6 months to
18 Jul 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 66 51 40
Rank change year-on-year -15 -11 -2
Contract jobs citing Web Services 237 322 319
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 3.56% 4.55% 4.95%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 9.58% 11.62% 13.41%
Number of daily rates quoted 172 251 238
City of London median daily rate £525 £500 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.00% - -
10th Percentile £364 £406 £355
90th Percentile £650 £625 £625
Central London median daily rate £525 £500 £500
% change year-on-year +5.00% - +5.26%
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 8 0
City of London median hourly rate - £21.50 -
Central London median hourly rate - £21.50 -

Web Services is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
City of London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 2,475 2,770 2,378
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 37.21% 39.11% 36.92%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,998 2,260 1,932
City of London median daily rate £525 £525 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.00% +5.26%
10th Percentile £413 £369 £350
90th Percentile £675 £675 £650
Central London median daily rate £525 £520 £500
% change year-on-year +0.96% +4.10% +8.00%
Number of hourly rates quoted 11 14 11
City of London median hourly rate £44.57 £21.75 £24.49
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +104.90% -11.17% +22.43%
10th Percentile £22.25 £21.00 £20.75
90th Percentile £60.75 £56.88 £29.62
Central London median hourly rate £46.85 £22.00 £24.42
% change year-on-year +112.94% -9.92% +22.11%

Web Services
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing Web Services as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for Web Services in the City of London

Web Services
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Web Services in the City of London.

Contractor daily rate trend for Web Services in the City of London

Web Services
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Web Services in the City of London over the 6 months to 18 July 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Web Services in the City of London

Web Services
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Web Services in the City of London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Web Services in the City of London

Web Services
Contract Job Locations in the City of London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Web Services within the City of London region over the 6 months to 18 July 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London Bridge - 13 £525 -
Web Services
Central London

For the 6 months to 18 July 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Web Services also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for Web Services.

1 88 (37.13%) Java
2 80 (33.76%) Agile Software Development
3 74 (31.22%) Finance
4 69 (29.11%) REST
5 65 (27.43%) JavaScript
6 61 (25.74%) Amazon AWS
6 61 (25.74%) Microservices
7 54 (22.78%) XML
8 50 (21.10%) RESTful
9 49 (20.68%) .NET
10 46 (19.41%) C#
11 45 (18.99%) SQL
11 45 (18.99%) SOAP
12 43 (18.14%) Python
13 40 (16.88%) HTML
14 39 (16.46%) Continuous Integration
15 37 (15.61%) JSON
15 37 (15.61%) DevOps
16 34 (14.35%) Test Automation
16 34 (14.35%) Linux
16 34 (14.35%) Spring
17 33 (13.92%) Microsoft Azure
18 31 (13.08%) AngularJS
18 31 (13.08%) TDD
19 30 (12.66%) Scrum
19 30 (12.66%) Microsoft
19 30 (12.66%) Docker
20 29 (12.24%) SDLC
20 29 (12.24%) Windows
21 28 (11.81%) CSS

Web Services
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 16 (6.75%) SharePoint
2 14 (5.91%) IIS
3 12 (5.06%) Confluence
4 10 (4.22%) Apache Spark
5 9 (3.80%) MS Exchange
6 7 (2.95%) CMS
6 7 (2.95%) nginx
7 6 (2.53%) Elasticsearch
7 6 (2.53%) JBoss
7 6 (2.53%) SharePoint Server
7 6 (2.53%) WebSphere
8 4 (1.69%) Apache
9 3 (1.27%) Apache Solr
10 2 (0.84%) Adobe Experience Manager
10 2 (0.84%) BizTalk Server
10 2 (0.84%) Jupyter
10 2 (0.84%) Mule
10 2 (0.84%) Oracle Workflow
10 2 (0.84%) Sitecore CMS
10 2 (0.84%) Tomcat
Applications
1 2 (0.84%) Microsoft Excel
1 2 (0.84%) Microsoft Office
2 1 (0.42%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 16 (6.75%) Dynamics CRM
2 5 (2.11%) Dynamics AX
3 4 (1.69%) Dynamics NAV
4 3 (1.27%) Oracle Financials
4 3 (1.27%) PeopleSoft Financials
5 1 (0.42%) Salesforce.com CRM
5 1 (0.42%) SDL Web 8
5 1 (0.42%) WebTrends
5 1 (0.42%) Workday HCM
Cloud Services
1 61 (25.74%) Amazon AWS
2 33 (13.92%) Microsoft Azure
3 17 (7.17%) Serverless
4 15 (6.33%) Amazon S3
5 14 (5.91%) AWS Lambda
6 11 (4.64%) AWS CloudFormation
7 10 (4.22%) Amazon CloudWatch
7 10 (4.22%) Force.com
8 9 (3.80%) Dynamics 365
8 9 (3.80%) Office 365
9 8 (3.38%) Amazon EC2
9 8 (3.38%) Google Cloud Platform
9 8 (3.38%) PaaS
10 6 (2.53%) GitHub
10 6 (2.53%) Heroku
10 6 (2.53%) Power Platform
11 5 (2.11%) Amazon EMR
11 5 (2.11%) Datadog
11 5 (2.11%) SaaS
12 4 (1.69%) Amazon SQS
Communications & Networking
1 6 (2.53%) SMTP
2 5 (2.11%) Internet
3 4 (1.69%) HTTP
4 3 (1.27%) Intranet
5 2 (0.84%) VPN
6 1 (0.42%) AMQP
6 1 (0.42%) DNS
6 1 (0.42%) Firewall
6 1 (0.42%) HTTPS
6 1 (0.42%) LAN
6 1 (0.42%) TCP/IP
6 1 (0.42%) WAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 27 (11.39%) SQL Server
2 18 (7.59%) Relational Database
3 17 (7.17%) MongoDB
3 17 (7.17%) PostgreSQL
4 12 (5.06%) Big Data
5 11 (4.64%) NoSQL
6 10 (4.22%) Amazon RDS
7 8 (3.38%) Apache Hive
7 8 (3.38%) Data Lake
8 7 (2.95%) Amazon DynamoDB
8 7 (2.95%) Hadoop
9 6 (2.53%) Apache Cassandra
9 6 (2.53%) Data Warehouse
9 6 (2.53%) Oracle Database
9 6 (2.53%) Power BI
10 5 (2.11%) Amazon Redshift
10 5 (2.11%) MySQL
10 5 (2.11%) Redis
11 4 (1.69%) Amazon Aurora
11 4 (1.69%) Parquet
Development Applications
1 28 (11.81%) Git (software)
2 24 (10.13%) Jenkins
3 23 (9.70%) JIRA
4 17 (7.17%) Visual Studio
5 11 (4.64%) Cucumber
5 11 (4.64%) Maven
5 11 (4.64%) Selenium
6 9 (3.80%) Team Foundation Server
7 6 (2.53%) Subversion
7 6 (2.53%) webpack
8 5 (2.11%) Atlassian Bamboo
8 5 (2.11%) JUnit
8 5 (2.11%) TeamCity
9 4 (1.69%) Babel
9 4 (1.69%) GitLab
9 4 (1.69%) Gradle
9 4 (1.69%) Visual Studio Team System
10 3 (1.27%) Artifactory
10 3 (1.27%) gulp
10 3 (1.27%) Sonatype Nexus
General
1 74 (31.22%) Finance
2 27 (11.39%) Banking
3 8 (3.38%) Back Office
3 8 (3.38%) Financial Institution
4 7 (2.95%) Telecoms
5 5 (2.11%) Front Office
5 5 (2.11%) Retail
5 5 (2.11%) Retail Banking
6 2 (0.84%) Investment Banking
6 2 (0.84%) Law
6 2 (0.84%) Marketing
7 1 (0.42%) Billing
7 1 (0.42%) Electronics
7 1 (0.42%) Games
7 1 (0.42%) German Language
7 1 (0.42%) International Banking
7 1 (0.42%) Manufacturing
7 1 (0.42%) Pharmaceutical
7 1 (0.42%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 128 (54.01%) Developer
2 29 (12.24%) Senior Developer
3 24 (10.13%) Java Developer
4 20 (8.44%) Full Stack Developer
5 19 (8.02%) Analyst
6 17 (7.17%) .NET Developer
7 15 (6.33%) DevOps Engineer
8 14 (5.91%) Architect
8 14 (5.91%) AWS Engineer
9 13 (5.49%) Tester
10 12 (5.06%) C# Developer
11 10 (4.22%) Salesforce Developer
12 9 (3.80%) Python Developer
13 8 (3.38%) JavaScript Developer
14 7 (2.95%) AWS Developer
14 7 (2.95%) Consultant
14 7 (2.95%) Data Engineer
14 7 (2.95%) Penetration Tester
14 7 (2.95%) Technical Leader
15 6 (2.53%) AWS DevOps
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 69 (29.11%) REST
2 54 (22.78%) XML
3 50 (21.10%) RESTful
4 49 (20.68%) .NET
5 45 (18.99%) SOAP
6 40 (16.88%) HTML
7 37 (15.61%) JSON
8 34 (14.35%) Spring
9 31 (13.08%) AngularJS
10 28 (11.81%) CSS
10 28 (11.81%) Node.js
11 23 (9.70%) .NET Framework
12 21 (8.86%) React
12 21 (8.86%) Spring Boot
13 16 (6.75%) jQuery
13 16 (6.75%) Kafka
13 16 (6.75%) WCF
14 15 (6.33%) ASP.NET
15 13 (5.49%) Ajax
15 13 (5.49%) HTML5
Miscellaneous
1 22 (9.28%) Analytical Skills
2 15 (6.33%) Greenfield Project
3 10 (4.22%) Management Information System
3 10 (4.22%) User Experience
4 9 (3.80%) Driving Licence
4 9 (3.80%) Hedge funds
5 6 (2.53%) Enterprise Software
5 6 (2.53%) Mobile App
6 5 (2.11%) Data Centre
6 5 (2.11%) Reference Data
6 5 (2.11%) Virtual Team
7 4 (1.69%) Cloud Native
8 3 (1.27%) Derivative
8 3 (1.27%) Fixed Income
8 3 (1.27%) Public Cloud
9 2 (0.84%) Algorithms
9 2 (0.84%) Data Protection Act
9 2 (0.84%) Equity Derivative
9 2 (0.84%) Hybrid Cloud
9 2 (0.84%) W3C
Operating Systems
1 34 (14.35%) Linux
2 29 (12.24%) Windows
3 20 (8.44%) Unix
4 3 (1.27%) Windows Server
5 2 (0.84%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 2 (0.84%) Solaris
6 1 (0.42%) Apple iOS
6 1 (0.42%) tvOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 80 (33.76%) Agile Software Development
2 61 (25.74%) Microservices
3 39 (16.46%) Continuous Integration
4 37 (15.61%) DevOps
5 34 (14.35%) Test Automation
6 31 (13.08%) TDD
7 30 (12.66%) Scrum
8 29 (12.24%) SDLC
9 24 (10.13%) Web Development
10 21 (8.86%) MVC
10 21 (8.86%) OO
11 20 (8.44%) Migration
12 19 (8.02%) CRM
12 19 (8.02%) Open Source
12 19 (8.02%) Unit Testing
13 18 (7.59%) Kanban
14 17 (7.17%) SOA
15 15 (6.33%) BDD
16 14 (5.91%) Analytics
16 14 (5.91%) Business Intelligence
Programming Languages
1 88 (37.13%) Java
2 65 (27.43%) JavaScript
3 46 (19.41%) C#
4 45 (18.99%) SQL
5 43 (18.14%) Python
6 20 (8.44%) Java 8
7 13 (5.49%) Apex Code
7 13 (5.49%) Scala
8 12 (5.06%) Ruby
9 10 (4.22%) TypeScript
10 9 (3.80%) PHP
11 8 (3.38%) Go
11 8 (3.38%) Perl
12 7 (2.95%) SOQL
12 7 (2.95%) SOSL
13 6 (2.53%) Groovy
13 6 (2.53%) PowerShell
14 5 (2.11%) Bash Shell
14 5 (2.11%) ES6
15 4 (1.69%) ES7
Qualifications
1 27 (11.39%) Degree
2 16 (6.75%) Security Cleared
3 11 (4.64%) SC Cleared
4 6 (2.53%) HND
5 4 (1.69%) Computer Science Degree
6 3 (1.27%) AWS Certification
6 3 (1.27%) CHECK Team Member
7 2 (0.84%) CTC Cleared
7 2 (0.84%) ISTQB
7 2 (0.84%) RHCE
8 1 (0.42%) CSQA
8 1 (0.42%) DV Cleared
8 1 (0.42%) GPEN
8 1 (0.42%) GWAPT
8 1 (0.42%) ISEB
8 1 (0.42%) ITIL Certification
8 1 (0.42%) Microsoft Certification
8 1 (0.42%) OSCE
8 1 (0.42%) OSCP
8 1 (0.42%) PRINCE2 Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 22 (9.28%) QA
2 5 (2.11%) SEPA
3 4 (1.69%) Data Quality
4 1 (0.42%) MiFID
4 1 (0.42%) PSD2
4 1 (0.42%) SLA
System Software
1 30 (12.66%) Docker
2 4 (1.69%) HDFS
3 3 (1.27%) Active Directory
4 1 (0.42%) zsh
Systems Management
1 23 (9.70%) Kubernetes
2 18 (7.59%) Ansible
2 18 (7.59%) Terraform
3 7 (2.95%) Marathon
3 7 (2.95%) Mesos
3 7 (2.95%) Puppet
4 5 (2.11%) HP Quality Center
5 4 (1.69%) logstash
5 4 (1.69%) Opscode Chef
6 3 (1.27%) Kibana
7 2 (0.84%) CA Wily
7 2 (0.84%) Hadoop YARN
7 2 (0.84%) Suricata
8 1 (0.42%) Prometheus
Vendors
1 30 (12.66%) Microsoft
2 20 (8.44%) Oracle
3 19 (8.02%) Salesforce.com
4 11 (4.64%) Google
5 8 (3.38%) Informatica
6 7 (2.95%) HP
7 5 (2.11%) IBM
7 5 (2.11%) MuleSoft
7 5 (2.11%) ServiceNow
7 5 (2.11%) Tableau
8 4 (1.69%) InterSystems
8 4 (1.69%) Splunk
9 3 (1.27%) Adobe
9 3 (1.27%) Dell
9 3 (1.27%) hybris
9 3 (1.27%) PeopleSoft
9 3 (1.27%) Red Hat
9 3 (1.27%) Sybase
9 3 (1.27%) TIBCO
10 2 (0.84%) Sencha