Period
to 19 November 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for Web Services skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Web Services over the 6 months to 19 November 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Web Services
Central London > City of London
6 months to
19 Nov 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 64 81 37
Rank change year-on-year +17 -44 -5
Contract jobs citing Web Services 216 224 385
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 3.67% 3.20% 5.48%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 10.33% 8.07% 14.30%
Number of daily rates quoted 167 181 321
City of London median daily rate £533 £500 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +6.60% - -
10th Percentile £361 £400 £413
90th Percentile £688 £600 £638
Central London median daily rate £525 £500 £500
% change year-on-year +5.00% - +5.26%
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 0 0
City of London median hourly rate - - -
Central London median hourly rate - - -

Web Services is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
City of London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 2,091 2,774 2,693
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 35.51% 39.57% 38.31%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,712 2,315 2,256
City of London median daily rate £538 £525 £513
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.38% +2.44% +7.89%
10th Percentile £400 £400 £363
90th Percentile £686 £675 £666
Central London median daily rate £525 £525 £500
% change year-on-year - +5.00% +5.26%
Number of hourly rates quoted 4 4 10
City of London median hourly rate £48.28 £31.25 £22.99
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +54.50% +35.91% -34.31%
10th Percentile £27.56 £15.91 £20.28
90th Percentile £62.15 £83.65 £33.75
Central London median hourly rate £44.57 £35.00 £21.50
% change year-on-year +27.33% +62.79% -38.57%

Web Services
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing Web Services as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for Web Services in the City of London

Web Services
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Web Services in the City of London.

Contractor daily rate trend for Web Services in the City of London

Web Services
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Web Services in the City of London over the 6 months to 19 November 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Web Services in the City of London

Web Services
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Web Services in the City of London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Web Services in the City of London

Web Services
Contract Job Locations in the City of London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Web Services within the City of London region over the 6 months to 19 November 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Moorgate -4 4 - -
London Bridge +28 1 £500 +5.26%
Web Services
Central London

For the 6 months to 19 November 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Web Services also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for Web Services.

1 91 (42.13%) Agile Software Development
2 82 (37.96%) Java
3 68 (31.48%) AWS
4 60 (27.78%) JavaScript
5 56 (25.93%) Finance
6 55 (25.46%) DevOps
7 53 (24.54%) SQL
8 52 (24.07%) XML
9 51 (23.61%) Linux
9 51 (23.61%) Scrum
10 49 (22.69%) REST
11 47 (21.76%) Test Automation
11 47 (21.76%) Python
12 46 (21.30%) Docker
13 45 (20.83%) RESTful
14 44 (20.37%) Continuous Integration
14 44 (20.37%) Microservices
15 43 (19.91%) .NET
16 42 (19.44%) HTML
16 42 (19.44%) Git (software)
17 38 (17.59%) JSON
18 37 (17.13%) C#
19 35 (16.20%) Kanban
19 35 (16.20%) Kubernetes
19 35 (16.20%) SDLC
20 34 (15.74%) Degree
20 34 (15.74%) JIRA
20 34 (15.74%) SOAP
21 33 (15.28%) Jenkins
22 32 (14.81%) AngularJS

Web Services
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 24 (11.11%) Confluence
2 15 (6.94%) IIS
3 13 (6.02%) SharePoint
4 10 (4.63%) Elasticsearch
5 9 (4.17%) MS Exchange
6 8 (3.70%) Apache Spark
7 7 (3.24%) Apache
8 6 (2.78%) CMS
8 6 (2.78%) nginx
8 6 (2.78%) SharePoint Server
8 6 (2.78%) WebSphere
9 5 (2.31%) Jupyter
9 5 (2.31%) Oracle Workflow
10 4 (1.85%) Apache Solr
10 4 (1.85%) Tomcat
11 3 (1.39%) Drupal
11 3 (1.39%) JBoss
11 3 (1.39%) Oracle SOA Suite
11 3 (1.39%) SAS
11 3 (1.39%) WebLogic
Applications
1 3 (1.39%) Microsoft Excel
2 2 (0.93%) MS Visio
3 1 (0.46%) Microsoft Office
3 1 (0.46%) Zeplin
Business Applications
1 12 (5.56%) Dynamics CRM
2 5 (2.31%) Oracle Assets
2 5 (2.31%) Oracle Cash Management
2 5 (2.31%) Oracle FAH
2 5 (2.31%) Oracle General Ledger
2 5 (2.31%) Oracle Internet Expenses
2 5 (2.31%) Oracle iProcurement
2 5 (2.31%) Oracle Payables
2 5 (2.31%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
2 5 (2.31%) Oracle Receivables
2 5 (2.31%) Oracle Subledger Accounting
3 2 (0.93%) Dynamics AX
3 2 (0.93%) Oracle Financials
3 2 (0.93%) PeopleSoft Financials
4 1 (0.46%) Dynamics NAV
4 1 (0.46%) SDL Web 8
4 1 (0.46%) WebTrends
Cloud Services
1 68 (31.48%) AWS
2 31 (14.35%) Azure
3 18 (8.33%) GCP
4 16 (7.41%) Amazon S3
5 15 (6.94%) Serverless
6 14 (6.48%) GitHub
7 13 (6.02%) AWS Lambda
8 11 (5.09%) Amazon EC2
8 11 (5.09%) Virtual Private Cloud
9 9 (4.17%) Force.com
9 9 (4.17%) PaaS
10 8 (3.70%) Cloud Computing
10 8 (3.70%) SaaS
11 7 (3.24%) Amazon SQS
11 7 (3.24%) AWS CloudFormation
11 7 (3.24%) AWS CodePipeline
11 7 (3.24%) Office 365
12 6 (2.78%) Datadog
12 6 (2.78%) Dynamics 365
13 5 (2.31%) Power Platform
Communications & Networking
1 9 (4.17%) Internet
2 7 (3.24%) HTTP
3 6 (2.78%) VPN
4 4 (1.85%) Intranet
5 2 (0.93%) X.509
6 1 (0.46%) AMQP
6 1 (0.46%) DHCP
6 1 (0.46%) DNS
6 1 (0.46%) FTP
6 1 (0.46%) TCP/IP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 23 (10.65%) SQL Server
2 16 (7.41%) MongoDB
2 16 (7.41%) PostgreSQL
2 16 (7.41%) Relational Database
3 15 (6.94%) MySQL
4 13 (6.02%) NoSQL
5 8 (3.70%) Amazon RDS
6 7 (3.24%) Apache Cassandra
6 7 (3.24%) Big Data
7 6 (2.78%) Data Warehouse
7 6 (2.78%) Oracle Database
7 6 (2.78%) Oracle Reports
7 6 (2.78%) RDBMS
8 5 (2.31%) Amazon DynamoDB
8 5 (2.31%) Amazon Redshift
8 5 (2.31%) Blockchain
8 5 (2.31%) Oracle BI Publisher
8 5 (2.31%) Oracle ODI
8 5 (2.31%) Power BI
8 5 (2.31%) Redis
Development Applications
1 42 (19.44%) Git (software)
2 34 (15.74%) JIRA
3 33 (15.28%) Jenkins
4 14 (6.48%) Maven
4 14 (6.48%) Selenium
5 13 (6.02%) Visual Studio
6 10 (4.63%) Cucumber
7 8 (3.70%) JUnit
8 7 (3.24%) Gradle
8 7 (3.24%) JMeter
8 7 (3.24%) Team Foundation Server
9 6 (2.78%) Sonatype Nexus
10 5 (2.31%) Grunt
10 5 (2.31%) gulp
10 5 (2.31%) IntelliJ
10 5 (2.31%) Mockito
11 4 (1.85%) Atlassian Bamboo
11 4 (1.85%) Bitbucket
12 3 (1.39%) TeamCity
12 3 (1.39%) Visual Studio Team System
General
1 56 (25.93%) Finance
2 24 (11.11%) Banking
3 15 (6.94%) Public Sector
4 9 (4.17%) Back Office
5 7 (3.24%) International Banking
6 6 (2.78%) Telecoms
7 4 (1.85%) Financial Institution
7 4 (1.85%) Publishing
8 3 (1.39%) Advertising
8 3 (1.39%) Front Office
8 3 (1.39%) Law
9 2 (0.93%) Marketing
9 2 (0.93%) Retail
9 2 (0.93%) Retail Banking
10 1 (0.46%) Investment Banking
10 1 (0.46%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 106 (49.07%) Developer
2 25 (11.57%) DevOps Engineer
3 18 (8.33%) Java Developer
4 17 (7.87%) C# Developer
5 16 (7.41%) Analyst
6 13 (6.02%) Architect
6 13 (6.02%) AWS Engineer
6 13 (6.02%) Senior Developer
7 10 (4.63%) Consultant
7 10 (4.63%) Python Developer
8 9 (4.17%) .NET Developer
8 9 (4.17%) Full Stack Developer
8 9 (4.17%) Tester
9 8 (3.70%) AWS DevOps
9 8 (3.70%) Cloud Developer
10 7 (3.24%) AWS DevOps Engineer
11 6 (2.78%) Python Engineer
11 6 (2.78%) Salesforce Developer
11 6 (2.78%) Solutions Architect
11 6 (2.78%) Systems Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 52 (24.07%) XML
2 49 (22.69%) REST
3 45 (20.83%) RESTful
4 43 (19.91%) .NET
5 42 (19.44%) HTML
6 38 (17.59%) JSON
7 34 (15.74%) SOAP
8 32 (14.81%) AngularJS
9 30 (13.89%) CSS
10 25 (11.57%) React
11 19 (8.80%) Spring
12 18 (8.33%) .NET Framework
12 18 (8.33%) Kafka
13 14 (6.48%) HTML5
14 11 (5.09%) ASP.NET
14 11 (5.09%) Java EE
14 11 (5.09%) Node.js
15 10 (4.63%) WCF
16 9 (4.17%) XSLT
17 8 (3.70%) ASP.NET MVC
Miscellaneous
1 11 (5.09%) Greenfield Project
1 11 (5.09%) Hedge funds
1 11 (5.09%) Management Information System
2 10 (4.63%) Analytical Skills
2 10 (4.63%) User Experience
3 9 (4.17%) Driving Licence
4 8 (3.70%) Enterprise Software
5 7 (3.24%) Cloud Native
6 6 (2.78%) Public Cloud
7 5 (2.31%) Data Centre
7 5 (2.31%) Reference Data
8 4 (1.85%) Mobile App
8 4 (1.85%) Virtual Team
9 3 (1.39%) Algorithms
9 3 (1.39%) Data Structures
9 3 (1.39%) Mobile Payment
9 3 (1.39%) Self-Motivation
10 2 (0.93%) Blog
10 2 (0.93%) Mobile Banking
10 2 (0.93%) PKI
Operating Systems
1 51 (23.61%) Linux
2 24 (11.11%) Unix
3 20 (9.26%) Windows
4 6 (2.78%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 4 (1.85%) Debian
6 3 (1.39%) Windows Server
7 2 (0.93%) Mac OS
7 2 (0.93%) Mac OS X
7 2 (0.93%) Solaris
8 1 (0.46%) Android
8 1 (0.46%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 91 (42.13%) Agile Software Development
2 55 (25.46%) DevOps
3 51 (23.61%) Scrum
4 47 (21.76%) Test Automation
5 44 (20.37%) Continuous Integration
5 44 (20.37%) Microservices
6 35 (16.20%) Kanban
6 35 (16.20%) SDLC
7 28 (12.96%) SOA
8 27 (12.50%) Software Engineering
9 26 (12.04%) Web Development
10 25 (11.57%) Open Source
11 24 (11.11%) Unit Testing
12 21 (9.72%) Migration
12 21 (9.72%) MVC
13 20 (9.26%) OO
14 19 (8.80%) Continuous Delivery
14 19 (8.80%) TDD
14 19 (8.80%) Web Application Development
15 17 (7.87%) Computer Science
Programming Languages
1 82 (37.96%) Java
2 60 (27.78%) JavaScript
3 53 (24.54%) SQL
4 47 (21.76%) Python
5 37 (17.13%) C#
6 20 (9.26%) Ruby
6 20 (9.26%) Scala
7 17 (7.87%) Bash Shell
7 17 (7.87%) Go
8 13 (6.02%) Groovy
8 13 (6.02%) TypeScript
9 10 (4.63%) Perl
10 8 (3.70%) Java 8
11 7 (3.24%) PHP
11 7 (3.24%) PL/SQL
11 7 (3.24%) PowerShell
12 6 (2.78%) Apex Code
12 6 (2.78%) Kotlin
12 6 (2.78%) SOQL
12 6 (2.78%) SOSL
Qualifications
1 34 (15.74%) Degree
2 21 (9.72%) Security Cleared
3 13 (6.02%) SC Cleared
4 7 (3.24%) Computer Science Degree
5 6 (2.78%) AWS Certification
5 6 (2.78%) HND
5 6 (2.78%) RHCE
6 3 (1.39%) ISEB
6 3 (1.39%) ISTQB
7 2 (0.93%) CREST Certified
7 2 (0.93%) MCP
7 2 (0.93%) OSCP
8 1 (0.46%) CHECK Team Member
8 1 (0.46%) CTC Cleared
8 1 (0.46%) DV Cleared
8 1 (0.46%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
8 1 (0.46%) ITIL Certification
8 1 (0.46%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
8 1 (0.46%) Microsoft Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 20 (9.26%) QA
2 5 (2.31%) Data Quality
3 3 (1.39%) GDPR
4 2 (0.93%) PCI DSS
4 2 (0.93%) SLA
5 1 (0.46%) Basel III
5 1 (0.46%) IFRS
5 1 (0.46%) IFRS 9
System Software
1 46 (21.30%) Docker
2 3 (1.39%) Active Directory
3 2 (0.93%) HDFS
4 1 (0.46%) Varnish
4 1 (0.46%) VirtualBox
Systems Management
1 35 (16.20%) Kubernetes
2 20 (9.26%) Terraform
3 13 (6.02%) Ansible
4 10 (4.63%) Opscode Chef
5 8 (3.70%) Puppet
6 6 (2.78%) Suricata
7 5 (2.31%) Packer
7 5 (2.31%) Prometheus
8 4 (1.85%) Kibana
9 2 (0.93%) Hadoop YARN
9 2 (0.93%) logstash
9 2 (0.93%) MIIS
10 1 (0.46%) Docker Swarm
10 1 (0.46%) Graphite
10 1 (0.46%) Host Intrusion Detection System
10 1 (0.46%) Network Intrusion Detection System
10 1 (0.46%) Salt
10 1 (0.46%) Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 30 (13.89%) Microsoft
2 26 (12.04%) Google
3 18 (8.33%) Oracle
4 14 (6.48%) Salesforce.com
5 13 (6.02%) ServiceNow
6 9 (4.17%) Red Hat
7 6 (2.78%) Atlassian
7 6 (2.78%) Informatica
7 6 (2.78%) New Relic
7 6 (2.78%) Qualys
7 6 (2.78%) Splunk
8 5 (2.31%) IBM
8 5 (2.31%) MuleSoft
8 5 (2.31%) Tableau
9 3 (1.39%) Criteo
9 3 (1.39%) Dell
9 3 (1.39%) Facebook
9 3 (1.39%) InterSystems
9 3 (1.39%) WSO2
10 2 (0.93%) Databricks