Period
to 20 March 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for Web Services skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Web Services over the 6 months to 20 March 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Web Services
Central London > City of London
6 months to
20 Mar 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 77 41 35
Rank change year-on-year -36 -6 +15
Contract jobs citing Web Services 216 365 337
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 3.20% 5.13% 5.61%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 8.35% 13.60% 15.33%
Number of daily rates quoted 150 286 285
City of London median daily rate £525 £498 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.53% -0.50% +5.26%
10th Percentile £399 £407 £355
90th Percentile £638 £625 £625
Central London median daily rate £525 £500 £475
% change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% +0.53%
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 7 0
City of London median hourly rate - £21.50 -
Central London median hourly rate - £21.50 -

Web Services is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
City of London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 2,586 2,683 2,198
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 38.29% 37.74% 36.58%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,102 2,276 1,839
City of London median daily rate £525 £520 £488
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +0.96% +6.67% +2.63%
10th Percentile £406 £363 £328
90th Percentile £675 £675 £650
Central London median daily rate £525 £500 £475
% change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% +2.70%
Number of hourly rates quoted 6 13 1
City of London median hourly rate £35.00 £21.50 £35.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +62.79% -38.57% -8.28%
10th Percentile £16.25 £21.25 £32.50
90th Percentile £56.50 £63.65 £37.50
Central London median hourly rate £35.00 £21.50 £35.00
% change year-on-year +62.79% -38.57% -8.28%

Web Services
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing Web Services as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for Web Services in the City of London

Web Services
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Web Services in the City of London.

Contractor daily rate trend for Web Services in the City of London

Web Services
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Web Services in the City of London over the 6 months to 20 March 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Web Services in the City of London

Web Services
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Web Services in the City of London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Web Services in the City of London

Web Services
Contract Job Locations in the City of London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Web Services within the City of London region over the 6 months to 20 March 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London Bridge -27 21 £525 +23.53%
Moorgate -19 6 £525 -
Web Services
Central London

For the 6 months to 20 March 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Web Services also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for Web Services.

1 107 (49.54%) Agile Software Development
2 75 (34.72%) TDD
2 75 (34.72%) Finance
3 74 (34.26%) Microservices
4 70 (32.41%) RESTful
5 69 (31.94%) Java
6 60 (27.78%) REST
7 54 (25.00%) JavaScript
8 53 (24.54%) C#
9 52 (24.07%) .NET
9 52 (24.07%) Amazon AWS
10 49 (22.69%) Continuous Integration
10 49 (22.69%) BDD
11 45 (20.83%) Spring
12 40 (18.52%) SOAP
13 39 (18.06%) Scrum
13 39 (18.06%) Git (software)
14 37 (17.13%) XML
15 36 (16.67%) Docker
15 36 (16.67%) DevOps
16 35 (16.20%) HTML
16 35 (16.20%) SQL
17 34 (15.74%) Test Automation
18 32 (14.81%) Banking
18 32 (14.81%) Node.js
19 30 (13.89%) Jenkins
19 30 (13.89%) JIRA
19 30 (13.89%) Spring Boot
20 29 (13.43%) MVC
20 29 (13.43%) CSS

Web Services
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 18 (8.33%) Confluence
2 8 (3.70%) JBoss
3 7 (3.24%) Elasticsearch
4 6 (2.78%) CMS
5 4 (1.85%) Apache
5 4 (1.85%) Cloud Foundry
5 4 (1.85%) Tomcat
5 4 (1.85%) WebSphere
6 3 (1.39%) BizTalk Server
6 3 (1.39%) IIS
6 3 (1.39%) Mule
6 3 (1.39%) SharePoint
7 2 (0.93%) Adobe Experience Manager
7 2 (0.93%) EPiServer
7 2 (0.93%) nginx
7 2 (0.93%) SharePoint 2013
7 2 (0.93%) Sitecore CMS
8 1 (0.46%) Kentico
8 1 (0.46%) Oracle SOA Suite
8 1 (0.46%) Umbraco
Applications
1 1 (0.46%) Adobe Illustrator
1 1 (0.46%) InVision
1 1 (0.46%) Microsoft Excel
1 1 (0.46%) Microsoft Office
Business Applications
1 1 (0.46%) Dynamics AX
1 1 (0.46%) Dynamics CRM
1 1 (0.46%) Markit EDM
1 1 (0.46%) SDL Web 8
1 1 (0.46%) thinkFolio
1 1 (0.46%) Workday HCM
Cloud Services
1 52 (24.07%) Amazon AWS
2 24 (11.11%) Microsoft Azure
3 10 (4.63%) GitHub
4 9 (4.17%) PaaS
5 8 (3.70%) Amazon EC2
5 8 (3.70%) Google Cloud Platform
6 6 (2.78%) SaaS
6 6 (2.78%) Serverless
7 5 (2.31%) Amazon CloudWatch
7 5 (2.31%) Amazon S3
7 5 (2.31%) AWS CloudFormation
7 5 (2.31%) AWS Lambda
8 4 (1.85%) Cloud Computing
9 3 (1.39%) Amazon Kinesis
9 3 (1.39%) Datadog
10 2 (0.93%) Azure Active Directory
10 2 (0.93%) BlazeMeter
10 2 (0.93%) Dynamics 365
10 2 (0.93%) Heroku
10 2 (0.93%) IaaS
Communications & Networking
1 9 (4.17%) HTTP
2 4 (1.85%) AMQP
2 4 (1.85%) TCP/IP
3 3 (1.39%) DNS
3 3 (1.39%) Internet
3 3 (1.39%) LAN
3 3 (1.39%) WAN
4 2 (0.93%) Firewall
4 2 (0.93%) Intranet
4 2 (0.93%) SMTP
4 2 (0.93%) VPN
4 2 (0.93%) WLAN
5 1 (0.46%) Network Security
5 1 (0.46%) VSAN
5 1 (0.46%) X.509
Database & Business Intelligence
1 28 (12.96%) SQL Server
2 20 (9.26%) NoSQL
3 18 (8.33%) MongoDB
3 18 (8.33%) Relational Database
4 13 (6.02%) Redis
5 10 (4.63%) PostgreSQL
6 9 (4.17%) Apache Cassandra
7 7 (3.24%) MySQL
7 7 (3.24%) SQL Server Integration Services
8 6 (2.78%) CouchDB
9 4 (1.85%) Amazon DynamoDB
9 4 (1.85%) Hadoop
10 3 (1.39%) Amazon RDS
10 3 (1.39%) Power BI
10 3 (1.39%) SQL Server 2008
11 2 (0.93%) Oracle Database
11 2 (0.93%) SQL Server 2012
11 2 (0.93%) SQL Server 2014
12 1 (0.46%) Big Data
12 1 (0.46%) Bigtable
Development Applications
1 39 (18.06%) Git (software)
2 30 (13.89%) Jenkins
2 30 (13.89%) JIRA
3 29 (13.43%) Selenium
4 19 (8.80%) Cucumber
4 19 (8.80%) Team Foundation Server
5 17 (7.87%) JUnit
6 14 (6.48%) Maven
7 13 (6.02%) jMock
8 11 (5.09%) SpecFlow
8 11 (5.09%) Subversion
9 10 (4.63%) Mockito
9 10 (4.63%) Octopus Deploy
9 10 (4.63%) SonarQube
9 10 (4.63%) TeamCity
9 10 (4.63%) Visual Studio
9 10 (4.63%) Visual Studio Team System
10 9 (4.17%) webpack
11 8 (3.70%) Babel
12 7 (3.24%) Mocha
General
1 75 (34.72%) Finance
2 32 (14.81%) Banking
3 11 (5.09%) Financial Institution
3 11 (5.09%) Front Office
4 8 (3.70%) Investment Banking
4 8 (3.70%) Retail
5 3 (1.39%) Law
5 3 (1.39%) Retail Banking
6 2 (0.93%) Back Office
6 2 (0.93%) Pharmaceutical
6 2 (0.93%) Publishing
7 1 (0.46%) Games
7 1 (0.46%) Telecoms
Job Titles
1 140 (64.81%) Developer
2 43 (19.91%) Senior Developer
3 33 (15.28%) Java Developer
4 27 (12.50%) .NET Developer
5 18 (8.33%) Full Stack Developer
6 17 (7.87%) C# Developer
7 15 (6.94%) Tester
8 12 (5.56%) Analyst
9 11 (5.09%) Senior Java Developer
10 9 (4.17%) DevOps Engineer
11 8 (3.70%) Administrator
11 8 (3.70%) React Developer
12 7 (3.24%) Architect
12 7 (3.24%) ASP.NET Developer
12 7 (3.24%) Developer in Test
12 7 (3.24%) Senior .NET Developer
13 6 (2.78%) AWS Engineer
13 6 (2.78%) C# .NET Developer
13 6 (2.78%) Integration Developer
13 6 (2.78%) ServiceNow Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 70 (32.41%) RESTful
2 60 (27.78%) REST
3 52 (24.07%) .NET
4 45 (20.83%) Spring
5 40 (18.52%) SOAP
6 37 (17.13%) XML
7 35 (16.20%) HTML
8 32 (14.81%) Node.js
9 30 (13.89%) Spring Boot
10 29 (13.43%) CSS
11 20 (9.26%) JSON
12 19 (8.80%) Middleware
13 18 (8.33%) jQuery
13 18 (8.33%) React
14 17 (7.87%) .NET Framework
14 17 (7.87%) ASP.NET
14 17 (7.87%) ASP.NET Web API
15 16 (7.41%) HTML5
16 15 (6.94%) AngularJS
17 14 (6.48%) Kafka
Miscellaneous
1 17 (7.87%) Greenfield Project
2 16 (7.41%) Analytical Skills
3 8 (3.70%) Fintech
3 8 (3.70%) User Experience
4 6 (2.78%) CMDB
4 6 (2.78%) Fixed Income
5 5 (2.31%) Mobile App
6 4 (1.85%) N-Tier
6 4 (1.85%) Tandem
7 3 (1.39%) Cloud Native
7 3 (1.39%) Public Cloud
8 2 (0.93%) Clustering
8 2 (0.93%) Data Centre
8 2 (0.93%) Reinsurance
8 2 (0.93%) Self-Motivation
8 2 (0.93%) W3C
9 1 (0.46%) Derivative
9 1 (0.46%) Mainframe
9 1 (0.46%) Management Information System
9 1 (0.46%) PMI
Operating Systems
1 24 (11.11%) Unix
2 23 (10.65%) Linux
3 22 (10.19%) Windows
4 4 (1.85%) Mesosphere
5 2 (0.93%) Windows Server
5 2 (0.93%) Windows Server 2008
6 1 (0.46%) Android
6 1 (0.46%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 107 (49.54%) Agile Software Development
2 75 (34.72%) TDD
3 74 (34.26%) Microservices
4 49 (22.69%) BDD
4 49 (22.69%) Continuous Integration
5 39 (18.06%) Scrum
6 36 (16.67%) DevOps
7 34 (15.74%) Test Automation
8 29 (13.43%) MVC
9 22 (10.19%) OO
10 21 (9.72%) SDLC
11 20 (9.26%) Kanban
12 18 (8.33%) Asset Management
12 18 (8.33%) E-Commerce
13 17 (7.87%) Pair Programming
13 17 (7.87%) Software Engineering
14 15 (6.94%) Integration Testing
14 15 (6.94%) Open Source
14 15 (6.94%) Test Scripting
15 14 (6.48%) API Development
Programming Languages
1 69 (31.94%) Java
2 54 (25.00%) JavaScript
3 53 (24.54%) C#
4 35 (16.20%) SQL
5 18 (8.33%) Java 8
6 15 (6.94%) Python
7 9 (4.17%) PowerShell
8 7 (3.24%) ES6
8 7 (3.24%) ES7
9 6 (2.78%) Ruby
9 6 (2.78%) T-SQL
10 5 (2.31%) PHP
11 4 (1.85%) Bash Shell
11 4 (1.85%) XPath
12 3 (1.39%) C++
12 3 (1.39%) Go
12 3 (1.39%) Shell Script
12 3 (1.39%) VB.NET
13 2 (0.93%) TypeScript
13 2 (0.93%) XAML
Qualifications
1 9 (4.17%) Degree
2 3 (1.39%) Security Cleared
3 2 (0.93%) CSSLP
3 2 (0.93%) ISSMP
4 1 (0.46%) AWS Certification
4 1 (0.46%) CHECK Team Member
4 1 (0.46%) CISA
4 1 (0.46%) CISM
4 1 (0.46%) CISSP
4 1 (0.46%) CSQA
4 1 (0.46%) DV Cleared
4 1 (0.46%) ISSAP
4 1 (0.46%) ISTQB
4 1 (0.46%) ITIL Certification
4 1 (0.46%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
4 1 (0.46%) Microsoft Certification
4 1 (0.46%) Numerate Degree
4 1 (0.46%) PMI Certification
4 1 (0.46%) SC Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 27 (12.50%) QA
2 10 (4.63%) SEPA
3 7 (3.24%) SLA
4 2 (0.93%) HIPAA
5 1 (0.46%) Data Quality
5 1 (0.46%) FedRAMP
5 1 (0.46%) MiFID
5 1 (0.46%) PCI DSS
System Software
1 36 (16.67%) Docker
2 8 (3.70%) VMware Infrastructure
3 7 (3.24%) vSphere
4 4 (1.85%) Active Directory
5 1 (0.46%) Hyper-V
5 1 (0.46%) VirtualBox
Systems Management
1 12 (5.56%) HP Quality Center
1 12 (5.56%) Mesos
2 11 (5.09%) Kubernetes
2 11 (5.09%) Marathon
3 10 (4.63%) Ansible
4 8 (3.70%) Terraform
5 6 (2.78%) logstash
6 5 (2.31%) Kibana
7 4 (1.85%) Opscode Chef
7 4 (1.85%) Puppet
8 2 (0.93%) CA Wily
8 2 (0.93%) Failover Clustering
9 1 (0.46%) Consul
9 1 (0.46%) Istio
9 1 (0.46%) Packer
9 1 (0.46%) PowerCLI
9 1 (0.46%) Rancher
9 1 (0.46%) Single Sign-On
9 1 (0.46%) vCenter Server
9 1 (0.46%) vRealize
Vendors
1 13 (6.02%) HP
2 12 (5.56%) Microsoft
3 10 (4.63%) VMware
4 9 (4.17%) Google
5 8 (3.70%) ServiceNow
6 7 (3.24%) Sybase
7 5 (2.31%) Murex
7 5 (2.31%) xMatters
8 4 (1.85%) Atlassian
8 4 (1.85%) hybris
8 4 (1.85%) Salesforce.com
8 4 (1.85%) Splunk
9 3 (1.39%) IBM
9 3 (1.39%) Oracle
10 2 (0.93%) Ab Initio
10 2 (0.93%) Adobe
10 2 (0.93%) Bloomberg
10 2 (0.93%) CA
10 2 (0.93%) Citrix
10 2 (0.93%) Informatica