Period
to 12 December 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for Web Services skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Web Services over the 6 months to 12 December 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Web Services
Central London > City of London
6 months to
12 Dec 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 79 35 35
Rank change year-on-year -44 0 +11
Contract jobs citing Web Services 230 392 383
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 3.22% 5.44% 5.84%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 8.12% 14.36% 16.31%
Number of daily rates quoted 180 330 330
City of London median daily rate £519 £500 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +3.75% - +11.11%
10th Percentile £410 £413 £356
90th Percentile £625 £625 £588
Central London median daily rate £500 £500 £486
% change year-on-year - +2.83% +8.06%
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 0 0
City of London median hourly rate - - -
Central London median hourly rate - - -

Web Services is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
City of London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 2,831 2,729 2,348
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 39.69% 37.86% 35.79%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,358 2,302 1,986
City of London median daily rate £525 £513 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.44% +7.89% -
10th Percentile £406 £363 £325
90th Percentile £675 £675 £638
Central London median daily rate £525 £500 £475
% change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% +5.50%
Number of hourly rates quoted 3 8 4
City of London median hourly rate £19.00 £25.79 £35.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -26.32% -26.32% -9.68%
10th Percentile £14.90 £19.33 £19.00
90th Percentile £84.50 £41.25 £56.31
Central London median hourly rate £27.00 £21.50 £35.00
% change year-on-year +25.58% -38.57% -9.68%

Web Services
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing Web Services as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for Web Services in the City of London

Web Services
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Web Services in the City of London.

Contractor daily rate trend for Web Services in the City of London

Web Services
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Web Services in the City of London over the 6 months to 12 December 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Web Services in the City of London

Web Services
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Web Services in the City of London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Web Services in the City of London

Web Services
Contract Job Locations in the City of London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Web Services within the City of London region over the 6 months to 12 December 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London Bridge -45 8 £525 +23.53%
Moorgate -13 6 £525 -
Web Services
Central London

For the 6 months to 12 December 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Web Services also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for Web Services.

1 118 (51.30%) Agile Software Development
2 80 (34.78%) Finance
3 79 (34.35%) Amazon AWS
4 76 (33.04%) TDD
5 75 (32.61%) Java
6 62 (26.96%) JavaScript
7 61 (26.52%) REST
8 57 (24.78%) RESTful
9 52 (22.61%) BDD
10 51 (22.17%) Continuous Integration
11 49 (21.30%) Jenkins
12 48 (20.87%) Microservices
13 45 (19.57%) .NET
14 44 (19.13%) Spring
15 43 (18.70%) C#
15 43 (18.70%) HTML
16 42 (18.26%) DevOps
17 40 (17.39%) Scrum
18 39 (16.96%) Git (software)
19 38 (16.52%) Docker
20 36 (15.65%) Banking
20 36 (15.65%) SOAP
20 36 (15.65%) Linux
21 34 (14.78%) CSS
21 34 (14.78%) Test Automation
22 29 (12.61%) MVC
23 28 (12.17%) AngularJS
24 27 (11.74%) Open Source
24 27 (11.74%) SQL
25 26 (11.30%) Node.js

Web Services
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 11 (4.78%) Confluence
2 8 (3.48%) CMS
2 8 (3.48%) Elasticsearch
2 8 (3.48%) JBoss
3 7 (3.04%) Tomcat
4 6 (2.61%) Drupal
4 6 (2.61%) WebSphere
5 5 (2.17%) Cloud Foundry
6 4 (1.74%) Adobe Experience Manager
6 4 (1.74%) IIS
6 4 (1.74%) NServiceBus
6 4 (1.74%) SharePoint
6 4 (1.74%) WebLogic
7 3 (1.30%) Apache
7 3 (1.30%) Mule
8 2 (0.87%) BizTalk Server
8 2 (0.87%) Oracle SOA Suite
9 1 (0.43%) EPiServer
9 1 (0.43%) FileNet
9 1 (0.43%) IBM HTTP Server
Applications
1 6 (2.61%) InVision
2 2 (0.87%) Adobe Illustrator
3 1 (0.43%) Microsoft Office
Business Applications
1 2 (0.87%) Dynamics CRM
2 1 (0.43%) Markit EDM
2 1 (0.43%) Remedy ITSM
2 1 (0.43%) thinkFolio
2 1 (0.43%) Workday HCM
Cloud Services
1 79 (34.35%) Amazon AWS
2 21 (9.13%) Microsoft Azure
3 14 (6.09%) Amazon EC2
4 13 (5.65%) GitHub
5 7 (3.04%) AWS CloudFormation
5 7 (3.04%) Google Cloud Platform
6 6 (2.61%) Amazon S3
6 6 (2.61%) PaaS
6 6 (2.61%) SaaS
7 4 (1.74%) Adobe Creative Cloud
7 4 (1.74%) IaaS
7 4 (1.74%) Virtual Private Cloud
8 3 (1.30%) Amazon ElastiCache
8 3 (1.30%) Datadog
8 3 (1.30%) Runscope
9 2 (0.87%) AWS CodePipeline
9 2 (0.87%) AWS Lambda
9 2 (0.87%) npm
9 2 (0.87%) Sauce Labs
9 2 (0.87%) Serverless
Communications & Networking
1 7 (3.04%) Internet
2 6 (2.61%) HTTP
3 4 (1.74%) Firewall
3 4 (1.74%) Junos
4 3 (1.30%) AMQP
4 3 (1.30%) LAN
4 3 (1.30%) TCP/IP
4 3 (1.30%) VPN
4 3 (1.30%) WAN
5 2 (0.87%) DNS
5 2 (0.87%) Network Security
5 2 (0.87%) WLAN
6 1 (0.43%) BGP
6 1 (0.43%) DMZ
6 1 (0.43%) FTP
6 1 (0.43%) Kerberos
6 1 (0.43%) MPLS
6 1 (0.43%) OSPF
6 1 (0.43%) SNMP
6 1 (0.43%) TACACS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 24 (10.43%) SQL Server
2 21 (9.13%) NoSQL
3 12 (5.22%) MySQL
4 10 (4.35%) Apache Cassandra
5 9 (3.91%) Relational Database
6 7 (3.04%) MongoDB
7 6 (2.61%) Redis
8 4 (1.74%) CouchDB
8 4 (1.74%) Hadoop
8 4 (1.74%) PostgreSQL
9 3 (1.30%) Amazon RDS
9 3 (1.30%) Data Warehouse
10 2 (0.87%) Amazon Aurora
10 2 (0.87%) Amazon Redshift
10 2 (0.87%) Couchbase
10 2 (0.87%) Oracle Database
10 2 (0.87%) SQL Server 2014
10 2 (0.87%) SQL Server Integration Services
11 1 (0.43%) Oracle Database 11g
11 1 (0.43%) Power BI
Development Applications
1 49 (21.30%) Jenkins
2 39 (16.96%) Git (software)
3 24 (10.43%) JIRA
4 21 (9.13%) Maven
5 19 (8.26%) JUnit
5 19 (8.26%) Selenium
6 17 (7.39%) Mockito
6 17 (7.39%) Team Foundation Server
7 13 (5.65%) Cucumber
8 12 (5.22%) Octopus Deploy
8 12 (5.22%) TeamCity
9 10 (4.35%) SpecFlow
9 10 (4.35%) Visual Studio Team System
10 9 (3.91%) jMock
11 8 (3.48%) SonarQube
12 7 (3.04%) Mocha
12 7 (3.04%) Visual Studio
13 6 (2.61%) DbUnit
13 6 (2.61%) SoapUI
14 5 (2.17%) WebDriver
General
1 80 (34.78%) Finance
2 36 (15.65%) Banking
3 13 (5.65%) Retail
4 8 (3.48%) Financial Institution
5 7 (3.04%) Front Office
5 7 (3.04%) Pharmaceutical
6 6 (2.61%) Law
7 4 (1.74%) Back Office
7 4 (1.74%) Investment Banking
8 3 (1.30%) Retail Banking
9 2 (0.87%) Advertising
9 2 (0.87%) Publishing
9 2 (0.87%) Telecoms
10 1 (0.43%) Digital Economy
10 1 (0.43%) Games
10 1 (0.43%) Marketing
Job Titles
1 139 (60.43%) Developer
2 42 (18.26%) Java Developer
3 37 (16.09%) Senior Developer
4 22 (9.57%) Architect
5 21 (9.13%) .NET Developer
6 18 (7.83%) React Developer
7 17 (7.39%) C# Developer
7 17 (7.39%) Senior Java Developer
8 15 (6.52%) DevOps Engineer
9 11 (4.78%) Cloud Architect
9 11 (4.78%) JavaScript Developer
10 10 (4.35%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
11 9 (3.91%) Analyst
11 9 (3.91%) Angular Developer
12 8 (3.48%) Administrator
12 8 (3.48%) C# .NET Developer
12 8 (3.48%) Full Stack Developer
13 7 (3.04%) Developer in Test
14 6 (2.61%) AWS Engineer
14 6 (2.61%) Senior React Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 61 (26.52%) REST
2 57 (24.78%) RESTful
3 45 (19.57%) .NET
4 44 (19.13%) Spring
5 43 (18.70%) HTML
6 36 (15.65%) SOAP
7 34 (14.78%) CSS
8 28 (12.17%) AngularJS
9 26 (11.30%) JSON
9 26 (11.30%) Node.js
9 26 (11.30%) Spring Boot
10 22 (9.57%) React
11 18 (7.83%) ASP.NET
12 17 (7.39%) HTML5
13 16 (6.96%) XML
14 15 (6.52%) ASP.NET Web API
15 13 (5.65%) ASP.NET MVC
15 13 (5.65%) J2EE
15 13 (5.65%) Middleware
16 12 (5.22%) jQuery
Miscellaneous
1 20 (8.70%) Greenfield Project
2 13 (5.65%) Analytical Skills
3 10 (4.35%) User Experience
4 9 (3.91%) Mobile App
5 8 (3.48%) Fintech
6 5 (2.17%) CMDB
7 4 (1.74%) Algorithms
7 4 (1.74%) N-Tier
7 4 (1.74%) RIA
7 4 (1.74%) W3C
8 3 (1.30%) Blog
8 3 (1.30%) Equities
8 3 (1.30%) Public Cloud
8 3 (1.30%) Self-Motivation
8 3 (1.30%) Tandem
9 2 (0.87%) Clustering
9 2 (0.87%) Fixed Income
9 2 (0.87%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
9 2 (0.87%) Mainframe
9 2 (0.87%) Management Information System
Operating Systems
1 36 (15.65%) Linux
2 23 (10.00%) Unix
3 13 (5.65%) Windows
4 7 (3.04%) Android
5 4 (1.74%) Mesosphere
5 4 (1.74%) Windows Server 2008
6 3 (1.30%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 3 (1.30%) Ubuntu
6 3 (1.30%) Windows Server
6 3 (1.30%) Windows Server 2012
7 2 (0.87%) Apple iOS
8 1 (0.43%) Amazon Linux
8 1 (0.43%) CentOS
8 1 (0.43%) Debian
Processes & Methodologies
1 118 (51.30%) Agile Software Development
2 76 (33.04%) TDD
3 52 (22.61%) BDD
4 51 (22.17%) Continuous Integration
5 48 (20.87%) Microservices
6 42 (18.26%) DevOps
7 40 (17.39%) Scrum
8 34 (14.78%) Test Automation
9 29 (12.61%) MVC
10 27 (11.74%) Open Source
11 20 (8.70%) Problem-Solving
12 19 (8.26%) Kanban
12 19 (8.26%) Migration
12 19 (8.26%) Software Engineering
12 19 (8.26%) Web Development
13 18 (7.83%) SDLC
13 18 (7.83%) SOA
13 18 (7.83%) Unit Testing
14 17 (7.39%) E-Commerce
14 17 (7.39%) Workflow
Programming Languages
1 75 (32.61%) Java
2 62 (26.96%) JavaScript
3 43 (18.70%) C#
4 27 (11.74%) SQL
5 20 (8.70%) Python
6 16 (6.96%) Java 8
7 15 (6.52%) Ruby
8 8 (3.48%) ES6
8 8 (3.48%) PHP
9 7 (3.04%) T-SQL
9 7 (3.04%) TypeScript
10 5 (2.17%) Perl
10 5 (2.17%) PowerShell
10 5 (2.17%) Scala
10 5 (2.17%) Shell Script
10 5 (2.17%) XPath
11 4 (1.74%) Bash Shell
11 4 (1.74%) C++
12 3 (1.30%) Go
13 2 (0.87%) Apple Swift
Qualifications
1 10 (4.35%) Degree
2 3 (1.30%) Computer Science Degree
3 2 (0.87%) CSSLP
3 2 (0.87%) ISSMP
3 2 (0.87%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
3 2 (0.87%) Microsoft Certification
3 2 (0.87%) SC Cleared
3 2 (0.87%) Security Cleared
4 1 (0.43%) AWS Certification
4 1 (0.43%) CISA
4 1 (0.43%) CISM
4 1 (0.43%) CISSP
4 1 (0.43%) ISSAP
4 1 (0.43%) ITIL Certification
4 1 (0.43%) MCSE
4 1 (0.43%) Numerate Degree
4 1 (0.43%) Siebel Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 16 (6.96%) QA
2 7 (3.04%) SLA
3 4 (1.74%) WCAG
4 3 (1.30%) SEPA
5 2 (0.87%) HIPAA
5 2 (0.87%) PCI DSS
5 2 (0.87%) PSD2
6 1 (0.43%) FedRAMP
6 1 (0.43%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 1 (0.43%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
System Software
1 38 (16.52%) Docker
2 10 (4.35%) VMware Infrastructure
3 9 (3.91%) vSphere
4 6 (2.61%) VirtualBox
5 3 (1.30%) Active Directory
6 2 (0.87%) XenApp
7 1 (0.43%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 1 (0.43%) etcd
7 1 (0.43%) Hyper-V
7 1 (0.43%) KVM
7 1 (0.43%) OpenAM
7 1 (0.43%) OpenDJ
7 1 (0.43%) Varnish
7 1 (0.43%) Virtual Machines
Systems Management
1 23 (10.00%) Terraform
2 22 (9.57%) Ansible
3 14 (6.09%) Kubernetes
4 10 (4.35%) Opscode Chef
5 9 (3.91%) Packer
6 5 (2.17%) Grafana
6 5 (2.17%) Kibana
6 5 (2.17%) logstash
6 5 (2.17%) Prometheus
6 5 (2.17%) Puppet
7 4 (1.74%) Graphite
7 4 (1.74%) HP Quality Center
7 4 (1.74%) Marathon
7 4 (1.74%) Mesos
7 4 (1.74%) Nagios
8 3 (1.30%) Consul
8 3 (1.30%) Salt
8 3 (1.30%) Single Sign-On
9 2 (0.87%) Failover Clustering
9 2 (0.87%) WebSphere Service Registry and Repository
Vendors
1 20 (8.70%) Microsoft
2 14 (6.09%) VMware
3 9 (3.91%) Google
4 8 (3.48%) Adobe
4 8 (3.48%) Salesforce.com
4 8 (3.48%) ServiceNow
5 7 (3.04%) Splunk
6 6 (2.61%) Escenic
6 6 (2.61%) Sybase
7 5 (2.17%) Juniper
7 5 (2.17%) Oracle
8 4 (1.74%) Citrix
8 4 (1.74%) HP
8 4 (1.74%) IBM
8 4 (1.74%) xMatters
9 3 (1.30%) Dynatrace
10 2 (0.87%) Cisco
10 2 (0.87%) MuleSoft
10 2 (0.87%) SaltStack
10 2 (0.87%) Workday