Period
to 27 February 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for Web Services skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Web Services over the 6 months to 27 February 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Web Services
Central London > City of London
6 months to
27 Feb 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 70 58 79
Rank change year-on-year -12 +21 -40
Contract jobs citing Web Services 68 162 224
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the City of London 3.04% 3.47% 3.27%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 9.30% 10.25% 8.49%
Number of daily rates quoted 84 136 162
Median daily rate £550 £503 £525
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +9.45% -4.29% +5.00%
10th Percentile £416 £377 £406
90th Percentile £675 £663 £638
Central London median daily rate £550 £513 £525
% change year-on-year +7.32% -2.38% +5.00%
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 0 0
Median hourly rate - - -
Central London median hourly rate - - -

Web Services is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
City of London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 731 1,580 2,638
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 32.69% 33.86% 38.55%
Number of daily rates quoted 556 1,291 2,182
Median daily rate £550 £525 £525
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +4.76% - +0.96%
10th Percentile £363 £385 £408
90th Percentile £688 £675 £675
Central London median daily rate £550 £525 £525
% change year-on-year +4.76% - +5.00%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1 5 2
Median hourly rate £20.00 £55.00 £16.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -63.64% +233.33% -23.26%
10th Percentile £17.50 £24.50 £14.45
90th Percentile £22.50 £63.50 £18.95
Median hourly rate £41.25 £56.25 £19.00
% change year-on-year -26.67% +196.05% -11.63%

Web Services
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing Web Services as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for Web Services in the City of London

Web Services
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Web Services in the City of London.

Daily rate trend for Web Services in the City of London

Web Services
Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Web Services in the City of London over the 6 months to 27 February 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Web Services in the City of London

Web Services
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Web Services in the City of London.

Hourly rate trend for Web Services in the City of London

Web Services
Contract Job Locations in the City of London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Web Services within the City of London region over the 6 months to 27 February 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London Bridge +10 5 £600 +33.33%
Web Services
Central London

For the 6 months to 27 February 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Web Services also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for Web Services.

1 35 (51.47%) AWS
2 33 (48.53%) HTML
2 33 (48.53%) JavaScript
3 31 (45.59%) Azure
4 29 (42.65%) DevOps
5 28 (41.18%) TDD
6 26 (38.24%) Agile Software Development
7 25 (36.76%) AngularJS
7 25 (36.76%) Jenkins
8 24 (35.29%) Git (software)
8 24 (35.29%) Software Engineering
9 23 (33.82%) HTML5
9 23 (33.82%) Docker
10 22 (32.35%) Java
10 22 (32.35%) CSS
11 20 (29.41%) MVC
11 20 (29.41%) Sass
11 20 (29.41%) LESS
11 20 (29.41%) CSS3
12 19 (27.94%) XML
13 18 (26.47%) Microservices
14 17 (25.00%) Vue.js
14 17 (25.00%) Vuetify.js
14 17 (25.00%) PHP
14 17 (25.00%) SQL
14 17 (25.00%) Laravel
15 16 (23.53%) REST
16 15 (22.06%) Python
17 14 (20.59%) Finance
17 14 (20.59%) Kafka

Web Services
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 9 (13.24%) Apache Spark
2 7 (10.29%) Apache Airflow
3 3 (4.41%) Red Hat Fuse
4 2 (2.94%) CMS
4 2 (2.94%) Confluence
4 2 (2.94%) JBoss
4 2 (2.94%) Mule
5 1 (1.47%) Cloud Foundry
5 1 (1.47%) Exchange Server 2010
5 1 (1.47%) MS Exchange
5 1 (1.47%) SharePoint
5 1 (1.47%) Skype for Business
5 1 (1.47%) WebLogic
5 1 (1.47%) WebSphere
Business Applications
1 2 (2.94%) Dynamics CRM
2 1 (1.47%) Dynamics AX
2 1 (1.47%) Dynamics NAV
2 1 (1.47%) Elite 3E
Cloud Services
1 35 (51.47%) AWS
2 31 (45.59%) Azure
3 7 (10.29%) Amazon Kinesis
4 5 (7.35%) Power Platform
5 4 (5.88%) Cloud Computing
5 4 (5.88%) PaaS
5 4 (5.88%) PowerApps
5 4 (5.88%) Serverless
6 3 (4.41%) AWS CloudFormation
6 3 (4.41%) Azure Functions
6 3 (4.41%) Logic Apps
6 3 (4.41%) Microsoft 365
6 3 (4.41%) Power Automate
7 2 (2.94%) AWS CodePipeline
7 2 (2.94%) Dynamics 365
7 2 (2.94%) GCP
7 2 (2.94%) IaaS
7 2 (2.94%) npm
7 2 (2.94%) SaaS
8 1 (1.47%) Amazon S3
Communications & Networking
1 12 (17.65%) HTTP
2 2 (2.94%) Intranet
3 1 (1.47%) AMQP
3 1 (1.47%) Extranet
3 1 (1.47%) Internet
3 1 (1.47%) SSL
3 1 (1.47%) Unified Communications
Database & Business Intelligence
1 9 (13.24%) Big Data
1 9 (13.24%) Data Warehouse
2 7 (10.29%) Data Lake
2 7 (10.29%) Parquet
2 7 (10.29%) Snowflake Schema
2 7 (10.29%) SQL Server
3 4 (5.88%) MongoDB
3 4 (5.88%) NoSQL
3 4 (5.88%) Relational Database
4 3 (4.41%) Azure SQL Database
4 3 (4.41%) OLTP
4 3 (4.41%) Oracle Database
4 3 (4.41%) Oracle Database 11g
5 2 (2.94%) Amazon DynamoDB
5 2 (2.94%) Couchbase
5 2 (2.94%) Flink
5 2 (2.94%) MySQL
5 2 (2.94%) Redis
6 1 (1.47%) Amazon RDS
6 1 (1.47%) SQL Server 2012
Development Applications
1 25 (36.76%) Jenkins
2 24 (35.29%) Git (software)
3 5 (7.35%) Maven
4 4 (5.88%) Grunt
4 4 (5.88%) gulp
4 4 (5.88%) JUnit
4 4 (5.88%) Subversion
5 3 (4.41%) jMock
5 3 (4.41%) Team Foundation Server
5 3 (4.41%) Visual Studio Team System
6 2 (2.94%) Atlassian Bamboo
6 2 (2.94%) Cucumber
6 2 (2.94%) FishEye
6 2 (2.94%) Hudson
6 2 (2.94%) Jasmine
6 2 (2.94%) JIRA
6 2 (2.94%) Mockito
6 2 (2.94%) Protractor
6 2 (2.94%) Visual Studio
6 2 (2.94%) webpack
General
1 14 (20.59%) Finance
2 10 (14.71%) Banking
3 6 (8.82%) Investment Banking
4 4 (5.88%) Front Office
5 2 (2.94%) Back Office
5 2 (2.94%) Public Sector
6 1 (1.47%) Games
6 1 (1.47%) International Banking
6 1 (1.47%) Marketing
Job Titles
1 49 (72.06%) Developer
2 20 (29.41%) Backend Developer
3 17 (25.00%) PHP Developer
4 10 (14.71%) Java Developer
5 9 (13.24%) Data Engineer
6 5 (7.35%) Python Developer
7 4 (5.88%) Architect
7 4 (5.88%) Python Engineer
7 4 (5.88%) Software Engineer
8 3 (4.41%) Angular Developer
8 3 (4.41%) Azure DevOps Engineer
8 3 (4.41%) Azure Engineer
8 3 (4.41%) Developer/Software Engineer
8 3 (4.41%) DevOps Engineer
8 3 (4.41%) Java Engineer
8 3 (4.41%) Senior Data Engineer
8 3 (4.41%) Senior Developer
8 3 (4.41%) Solutions Architect
9 2 (2.94%) Development Engineer
9 2 (2.94%) Senior Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 33 (48.53%) HTML
2 25 (36.76%) AngularJS
3 23 (33.82%) HTML5
4 22 (32.35%) CSS
5 20 (29.41%) CSS3
5 20 (29.41%) LESS
5 20 (29.41%) Sass
6 19 (27.94%) XML
7 17 (25.00%) Laravel
7 17 (25.00%) Vue.js
7 17 (25.00%) Vuetify.js
8 16 (23.53%) REST
9 14 (20.59%) Kafka
10 13 (19.12%) Spring
11 9 (13.24%) .NET
11 9 (13.24%) JSON
12 8 (11.76%) Node.js
13 7 (10.29%) PostGIS
14 6 (8.82%) Redux
15 5 (7.35%) RESTful
Miscellaneous
1 10 (14.71%) Data Structures
2 9 (13.24%) Algorithms
2 9 (13.24%) Analytical Skills
2 9 (13.24%) Self-Motivation
3 4 (5.88%) User Experience
4 2 (2.94%) Blog
4 2 (2.94%) Equities
4 2 (2.94%) Fixed Income
4 2 (2.94%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
4 2 (2.94%) Grid Computing
4 2 (2.94%) Private Cloud
4 2 (2.94%) Public Cloud
5 1 (1.47%) Blackberry
5 1 (1.47%) BYOD
5 1 (1.47%) CMDB
5 1 (1.47%) Derivative
5 1 (1.47%) iPad
5 1 (1.47%) iPhone
5 1 (1.47%) Mobile App
5 1 (1.47%) Mobile Payment
Operating Systems
1 8 (11.76%) Linux
2 2 (2.94%) Unix
3 1 (1.47%) Android
3 1 (1.47%) Windows
Processes & Methodologies
1 29 (42.65%) DevOps
2 28 (41.18%) TDD
3 26 (38.24%) Agile Software Development
4 24 (35.29%) Software Engineering
5 20 (29.41%) MVC
6 18 (26.47%) Microservices
7 9 (13.24%) Change Management
7 9 (13.24%) Machine Learning
7 9 (13.24%) MapReduce
8 8 (11.76%) Load Testing
9 7 (10.29%) Continuous Deployment
9 7 (10.29%) Data Analysis
9 7 (10.29%) Forensic Analysis
9 7 (10.29%) SDLC
9 7 (10.29%) SQL Optimisation
9 7 (10.29%) Use Case
9 7 (10.29%) XML Parsing
10 6 (8.82%) OO
10 6 (8.82%) SOA
11 5 (7.35%) Scrum
Programming Languages
1 33 (48.53%) JavaScript
2 22 (32.35%) Java
3 17 (25.00%) PHP
3 17 (25.00%) SQL
4 15 (22.06%) Python
5 7 (10.29%) C#
6 6 (8.82%) TypeScript
7 5 (7.35%) Java 8
8 4 (5.88%) T-SQL
9 3 (4.41%) PL/SQL
9 3 (4.41%) PowerShell
10 2 (2.94%) C++
10 2 (2.94%) ES6
10 2 (2.94%) Groovy
10 2 (2.94%) Kotlin
11 1 (1.47%) Ada
11 1 (1.47%) Ruby
11 1 (1.47%) Scala
11 1 (1.47%) VB.NET
11 1 (1.47%) XPath
Qualifications
1 3 (4.41%) SC Cleared
1 3 (4.41%) Security Cleared
2 2 (2.94%) Degree
3 1 (1.47%) MCSA
3 1 (1.47%) MCSE
3 1 (1.47%) Microsoft Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 1 (1.47%) QA
System Software
1 23 (33.82%) Docker
2 2 (2.94%) Apache ZooKeeper
2 2 (2.94%) etcd
2 2 (2.94%) Varnish
3 1 (1.47%) Active Directory
Systems Management
1 6 (8.82%) Kubernetes
1 6 (8.82%) Terraform
2 2 (2.94%) Consul
3 1 (1.47%) Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 9 (13.24%) Microsoft
2 4 (5.88%) Oracle
3 3 (4.41%) Atlassian
3 3 (4.41%) ServiceNow
4 2 (2.94%) Murex
4 2 (2.94%) Sybase
5 1 (1.47%) Dell
5 1 (1.47%) DevExpress
5 1 (1.47%) Google
5 1 (1.47%) Nintex
5 1 (1.47%) OpenText
5 1 (1.47%) Telerik
5 1 (1.47%) UiPath