Period
to 20 April 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for Web Services skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Web Services over the 6 months to 20 April 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Web Services
Central London > City of London
6 months to
20 Apr 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 45 37 45
Rank change year-on-year -8 +8 +2
Contract jobs citing Web Services 362 312 282
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 5.14% 5.04% 4.30%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 13.49% 13.96% 13.06%
Number of daily rates quoted 283 250 226
City of London median daily rate £498 £475 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +4.74% - +11.76%
10th Percentile £413 £355 £338
90th Percentile £625 £625 £581
Central London median daily rate £500 £475 £475
% change year-on-year +5.26% - +11.76%
Number of hourly rates quoted 9 0 1
City of London median hourly rate £21.50 - £43.57
Central London median hourly rate £21.50 - £43.57

Web Services is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
City of London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 2,684 2,235 2,160
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 38.12% 36.11% 32.96%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,254 1,845 1,811
City of London median daily rate £520 £480 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +8.33% +1.05% +5.56%
10th Percentile £365 £332 £313
90th Percentile £675 £641 £638
Central London median daily rate £500 £475 £463
% change year-on-year +5.26% +2.70% +2.78%
Number of hourly rates quoted 15 5 9
City of London median hourly rate £21.50 £24.86 £43.57
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -13.52% -42.94% +59.19%
10th Percentile £21.25 £23.98 £18.83
90th Percentile £59.80 £33.73 £60.00
Central London median hourly rate £24.30 £24.86 £43.57
% change year-on-year -2.27% -42.94% +45.23%

Web Services
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing Web Services as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for Web Services in the City of London

Web Services
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Web Services in the City of London.

Contractor daily rate trend for Web Services in the City of London

Web Services
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Web Services in the City of London over the 6 months to 20 April 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Web Services in the City of London

Web Services
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Web Services in the City of London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Web Services in the City of London

Web Services
Contract Job Locations in the City of London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Web Services within the City of London region over the 6 months to 20 April 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Moorgate - 2 - -
London Bridge -9 1 £425 -5.56%
Web Services
Central London

For the 6 months to 20 April 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Web Services also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for Web Services.

1 207 (57.18%) Java
2 191 (52.76%) Agile Software Development
3 144 (39.78%) RESTful
4 134 (37.02%) JavaScript
5 116 (32.04%) Amazon AWS
6 112 (30.94%) REST
7 98 (27.07%) Finance
8 94 (25.97%) TDD
8 94 (25.97%) SOAP
9 83 (22.93%) SQL
10 78 (21.55%) XML
11 73 (20.17%) Git (software)
12 70 (19.34%) E-Commerce
12 70 (19.34%) MVC
13 69 (19.06%) HTML
14 68 (18.78%) C#
15 67 (18.51%) Scrum
16 62 (17.13%) Jenkins
16 62 (17.13%) React
17 60 (16.57%) CSS
17 60 (16.57%) Node.js
18 59 (16.30%) Banking
19 58 (16.02%) .NET
20 57 (15.75%) DevOps
21 54 (14.92%) SQL Server
21 54 (14.92%) Spring
22 53 (14.64%) Web Development
23 52 (14.36%) Continuous Integration
24 49 (13.54%) SOA
24 49 (13.54%) Docker

Web Services
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 34 (9.39%) Apache
2 32 (8.84%) Tomcat
3 19 (5.25%) WebSphere
4 15 (4.14%) Elasticsearch
5 14 (3.87%) Cloud Foundry
6 9 (2.49%) Confluence
7 7 (1.93%) WebLogic
8 5 (1.38%) Oracle SOA Suite
8 5 (1.38%) SharePoint
9 4 (1.10%) CMS
9 4 (1.10%) JBoss
10 3 (0.83%) Adobe Experience Manager
10 3 (0.83%) Apache Spark
10 3 (0.83%) Drupal
10 3 (0.83%) Ethereum
10 3 (0.83%) WordPress
11 2 (0.55%) IPython
11 2 (0.55%) Jetty
11 2 (0.55%) Jupyter
11 2 (0.55%) nginx
Applications
1 9 (2.49%) Microsoft Excel
2 6 (1.66%) Adobe Creative Suite
2 6 (1.66%) OmniGraffle
3 3 (0.83%) Microsoft Office
3 3 (0.83%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 3 (0.83%) MS Visio
3 3 (0.83%) Photoshop
4 2 (0.55%) SPSS
5 1 (0.28%) Adobe After Effects
5 1 (0.28%) Adobe Illustrator
5 1 (0.28%) Chatbot
5 1 (0.28%) InVision
5 1 (0.28%) Microsoft Project
Business Applications
1 13 (3.59%) Payment Gateway
2 4 (1.10%) Dynamics CRM
3 1 (0.28%) Dynamics GP
3 1 (0.28%) Elite 3E
Cloud Services
1 116 (32.04%) Amazon AWS
2 31 (8.56%) Microsoft Azure
3 16 (4.42%) PaaS
4 15 (4.14%) npm
5 11 (3.04%) Google Cloud Platform
6 7 (1.93%) GitHub
7 6 (1.66%) AWS CloudFormation
7 6 (1.66%) Office 365
7 6 (1.66%) SaaS
8 4 (1.10%) Amazon EC2
8 4 (1.10%) Google Play
9 3 (0.83%) Amazon ElastiCache
9 3 (0.83%) Azure Active Directory
9 3 (0.83%) Serverless
10 2 (0.55%) Adobe Analytics
10 2 (0.55%) Amazon S3
10 2 (0.55%) Amazon SQS
10 2 (0.55%) Dynamics 365
10 2 (0.55%) Google Analytics
10 2 (0.55%) Google App Engine
Communications & Networking
1 35 (9.67%) HTTP
2 11 (3.04%) FTP
3 10 (2.76%) Internet
4 7 (1.93%) IMAP
4 7 (1.93%) SMTP
5 5 (1.38%) DNS
5 5 (1.38%) TCP/IP
6 4 (1.10%) SSL
7 3 (0.83%) Firewall
7 3 (0.83%) Intranet
7 3 (0.83%) Kerberos
7 3 (0.83%) X.509
8 1 (0.28%) Intrusion Detection
8 1 (0.28%) LAN
8 1 (0.28%) MPLS
8 1 (0.28%) snoop
8 1 (0.28%) VPLS
8 1 (0.28%) WAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 54 (14.92%) SQL Server
2 41 (11.33%) NoSQL
3 36 (9.94%) Relational Database
4 19 (5.25%) MongoDB
4 19 (5.25%) MySQL
5 13 (3.59%) PostgreSQL
6 12 (3.31%) Apache Cassandra
7 11 (3.04%) SQL Server 2008
8 10 (2.76%) Amazon DynamoDB
8 10 (2.76%) SQL Server Reporting Services
9 9 (2.49%) RDBMS
9 9 (2.49%) Redis
9 9 (2.49%) Siebel EIM
10 8 (2.21%) SQL Server Integration Services
11 7 (1.93%) Big Data
11 7 (1.93%) Blockchain
12 6 (1.66%) Amazon RDS
12 6 (1.66%) Power BI
13 5 (1.38%) Neo4j
13 5 (1.38%) SQL Server 2012
Development Applications
1 73 (20.17%) Git (software)
2 62 (17.13%) Jenkins
3 42 (11.60%) JUnit
4 41 (11.33%) Maven
5 26 (7.18%) TestNG
6 23 (6.35%) Selenium
7 21 (5.80%) webpack
8 19 (5.25%) TeamCity
9 18 (4.97%) Gradle
9 18 (4.97%) JIRA
10 17 (4.70%) Eclipse
10 17 (4.70%) SonarQube
10 17 (4.70%) Sonatype Nexus
11 15 (4.14%) Gerrit
11 15 (4.14%) Jasmine
12 14 (3.87%) Cucumber
13 13 (3.59%) IBM UrbanCode
14 12 (3.31%) gulp
15 11 (3.04%) Grunt
15 11 (3.04%) Subversion
General
1 98 (27.07%) Finance
2 59 (16.30%) Banking
3 24 (6.63%) Financial Institution
4 15 (4.14%) Front Office
5 12 (3.31%) Legal
5 12 (3.31%) Retail
6 9 (2.49%) Investment Banking
7 6 (1.66%) Law
7 6 (1.66%) Retail Banking
8 4 (1.10%) Advertising
8 4 (1.10%) Games
8 4 (1.10%) Publishing
9 3 (0.83%) Back Office
10 2 (0.55%) Marketing
11 1 (0.28%) Digital Economy
11 1 (0.28%) Prime Brokerage
11 1 (0.28%) Retail Finance
11 1 (0.28%) Wholesale Banking
Job Titles
1 248 (68.51%) Developer
2 108 (29.83%) Java Developer
3 35 (9.67%) Java Web Developer
3 35 (9.67%) Web Developer
4 34 (9.39%) E-Commerce Developer
4 34 (9.39%) Java E-Commerce Developer
5 33 (9.12%) E-Commerce Web Developer
6 32 (8.84%) .NET Developer
6 32 (8.84%) Senior Developer
7 31 (8.56%) DevOps Engineer
8 25 (6.91%) Cloud Developer
8 25 (6.91%) Senior Java Developer
9 20 (5.52%) Architect
10 19 (5.25%) C# Developer
11 17 (4.70%) Full Stack Developer
12 15 (4.14%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
13 14 (3.87%) C# .NET Developer
14 13 (3.59%) AWS Engineer
14 13 (3.59%) Integration Specialist
14 13 (3.59%) Kubernetes Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 144 (39.78%) RESTful
2 112 (30.94%) REST
3 94 (25.97%) SOAP
4 78 (21.55%) XML
5 69 (19.06%) HTML
6 62 (17.13%) React
7 60 (16.57%) CSS
7 60 (16.57%) Node.js
8 58 (16.02%) .NET
9 54 (14.92%) Spring
10 45 (12.43%) AngularJS
11 38 (10.50%) JSON
12 37 (10.22%) HTML5
13 30 (8.29%) Dropwizard
14 27 (7.46%) ASP.NET
14 27 (7.46%) Redux
15 24 (6.63%) LDAP
15 24 (6.63%) WCF
16 22 (6.08%) ASP.NET Web API
16 22 (6.08%) Express
Miscellaneous
1 26 (7.18%) Analytical Skills
2 22 (6.08%) iPad
2 22 (6.08%) User Experience
3 19 (5.25%) Hedge funds
4 16 (4.42%) Mobile App
5 15 (4.14%) Greenfield Project
6 13 (3.59%) Data Structures
7 11 (3.04%) Algorithms
7 11 (3.04%) Fintech
8 8 (2.21%) Self-Motivation
9 7 (1.93%) Enterprise Software
10 6 (1.66%) PKI
11 5 (1.38%) Computer Science
11 5 (1.38%) Management Information System
11 5 (1.38%) Mobile Payment
12 4 (1.10%) Public Cloud
12 4 (1.10%) RIA
12 4 (1.10%) Virtual Team
12 4 (1.10%) Wiki
13 3 (0.83%) Data Centre
Operating Systems
1 41 (11.33%) Linux
2 33 (9.12%) Windows
3 25 (6.91%) Unix
4 8 (2.21%) Android
5 6 (1.66%) Apple iOS
6 5 (1.38%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 5 (1.38%) Windows Server
7 4 (1.10%) Windows Server 2012
8 3 (0.83%) Solaris
8 3 (0.83%) Ubuntu
8 3 (0.83%) Windows Server 2008
9 2 (0.55%) CentOS
9 2 (0.55%) Windows 7
10 1 (0.28%) CoreOS
10 1 (0.28%) Debian
10 1 (0.28%) HPUX
Processes & Methodologies
1 191 (52.76%) Agile Software Development
2 94 (25.97%) TDD
3 70 (19.34%) E-Commerce
3 70 (19.34%) MVC
4 67 (18.51%) Scrum
5 57 (15.75%) DevOps
6 53 (14.64%) Web Development
7 52 (14.36%) Continuous Integration
8 49 (13.54%) SOA
9 47 (12.98%) BDD
10 43 (11.88%) SDLC
10 43 (11.88%) Unit Testing
11 41 (11.33%) Problem-Solving
12 37 (10.22%) Microservices
13 35 (9.67%) Software Engineering
14 33 (9.12%) B2C
15 30 (8.29%) Test Automation
16 24 (6.63%) OOP
17 23 (6.35%) Front End Development
18 21 (5.80%) OO
Programming Languages
1 207 (57.18%) Java
2 134 (37.02%) JavaScript
3 83 (22.93%) SQL
4 68 (18.78%) C#
5 43 (11.88%) Java 8
6 39 (10.77%) Python
7 30 (8.29%) XPath
8 29 (8.01%) Bash Shell
9 28 (7.73%) Groovy
10 19 (5.25%) ES6
11 18 (4.97%) Ruby
12 17 (4.70%) C++
13 15 (4.14%) Scala
14 14 (3.87%) TypeScript
15 13 (3.59%) Shell Script
16 11 (3.04%) T-SQL
17 10 (2.76%) BeanShell
18 9 (2.49%) Go
18 9 (2.49%) STATISTICA Visual Basic
19 6 (1.66%) PL/SQL
Qualifications
1 17 (4.70%) Degree
2 11 (3.04%) SC Cleared
2 11 (3.04%) Security Cleared
3 9 (2.49%) Siebel Certification
4 8 (2.21%) Master's Degree
5 4 (1.10%) MCP
5 4 (1.10%) Microsoft Certification
6 3 (0.83%) AWS Certification
6 3 (0.83%) MCPD
7 1 (0.28%) CEH
7 1 (0.28%) CISSP
7 1 (0.28%) Computer Science Degree
7 1 (0.28%) ISTQB
7 1 (0.28%) ITIL Certification
7 1 (0.28%) MBA
7 1 (0.28%) MCITP
7 1 (0.28%) MCSA
7 1 (0.28%) MCSE
7 1 (0.28%) OSCP
7 1 (0.28%) TOGAF Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 22 (6.08%) QA
2 3 (0.83%) GCP
2 3 (0.83%) Sarbanes-Oxley
3 2 (0.55%) ISO 8583
4 1 (0.28%) COBIT
4 1 (0.28%) GDPR
4 1 (0.28%) HL7
4 1 (0.28%) ISO 20022
System Software
1 49 (13.54%) Docker
2 18 (4.97%) Active Directory
3 3 (0.83%) VMware Infrastructure
4 2 (0.55%) Apache Flume
4 2 (0.55%) Apache ZooKeeper
4 2 (0.55%) etcd
4 2 (0.55%) Varnish
4 2 (0.55%) Virtual Machines
5 1 (0.28%) GridGain
5 1 (0.28%) HDFS
5 1 (0.28%) VirtualBox
5 1 (0.28%) vSphere
5 1 (0.28%) XenApp
Systems Management
1 32 (8.84%) Ansible
2 20 (5.52%) Kubernetes
2 20 (5.52%) Opscode Chef
3 12 (3.31%) Single Sign-On
4 9 (2.49%) Puppet
4 9 (2.49%) Terraform
5 3 (0.83%) Docker Swarm
6 2 (0.55%) Consul
6 2 (0.55%) Prometheus
7 1 (0.28%) Control-M
7 1 (0.28%) Hadoop YARN
7 1 (0.28%) Kibana
7 1 (0.28%) Marathon
7 1 (0.28%) Matomo
7 1 (0.28%) Mesos
7 1 (0.28%) Rancher
7 1 (0.28%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
7 1 (0.28%) WebSphere Cast Iron
Vendors
1 30 (8.29%) Microsoft
2 22 (6.08%) Oracle
3 19 (5.25%) ServiceNow
4 18 (4.97%) IBM
5 12 (3.31%) Google
6 9 (2.49%) Adobe
6 9 (2.49%) Apigee
6 9 (2.49%) Siebel
7 6 (1.66%) VMware
8 4 (1.10%) Apple
8 4 (1.10%) Atlassian
8 4 (1.10%) Red Hat
9 3 (0.83%) Citrix
9 3 (0.83%) Intapp
9 3 (0.83%) Solace
9 3 (0.83%) Sybase
10 2 (0.55%) Dell
10 2 (0.55%) Remedy
10 2 (0.55%) Salesforce.com
10 2 (0.55%) Splunk