Period
to 22 July 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for Web Services skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Web Services over the 6 months to 22 July 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Web Services
Central London > City of London
6 months to
22 Jul 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 48 42 38
Rank change year-on-year -6 -4 +4
Contract jobs citing Web Services 322 323 354
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 4.59% 4.97% 5.17%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 11.74% 13.37% 14.96%
Number of daily rates quoted 252 238 304
City of London median daily rate £500 £500 £500
10th Percentile £383 £355 £352
90th Percentile £612 £625 £600
Central London median daily rate £500 £500 £475
% change year-on-year - +5.26% +5.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 8 0 1
City of London median hourly rate £21.50 - £43.57
Central London median hourly rate £21.50 - £43.57

Web Services is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
City of London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 2,743 2,416 2,366
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 39.06% 37.17% 34.57%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,235 1,955 2,004
City of London median daily rate £525 £500 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% +5.56%
10th Percentile £366 £352 £316
90th Percentile £675 £650 £638
Central London median daily rate £520 £500 £463
% change year-on-year +4.10% +8.00% +2.78%
Number of hourly rates quoted 14 11 6
City of London median hourly rate £21.75 £24.49 £21.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -11.17% +16.60% -13.33%
10th Percentile £21.00 £20.75 £17.08
90th Percentile £56.88 £29.62 £49.29
Central London median hourly rate £22.00 £24.42 £21.00
% change year-on-year -9.92% +16.30% -23.27%

Web Services
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing Web Services as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for Web Services in the City of London

Web Services
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Web Services in the City of London.

Contractor daily rate trend for Web Services in the City of London

Web Services
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Web Services in the City of London over the 6 months to 22 July 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Web Services in the City of London

Web Services
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Web Services in the City of London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Web Services in the City of London

Web Services
Contract Job Locations in the City of London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Web Services within the City of London region over the 6 months to 22 July 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Moorgate - 1 - -
Web Services
Central London

For the 6 months to 22 July 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Web Services also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for Web Services.

1 186 (57.76%) Java
2 165 (51.24%) Agile Software Development
3 113 (35.09%) RESTful
4 107 (33.23%) Finance
5 102 (31.68%) JavaScript
6 100 (31.06%) REST
7 96 (29.81%) Amazon AWS
8 71 (22.05%) Spring
9 70 (21.74%) TDD
10 69 (21.43%) SOAP
11 66 (20.50%) HTML
12 64 (19.88%) Jenkins
13 63 (19.57%) Git (software)
14 59 (18.32%) XML
15 56 (17.39%) E-Commerce
16 55 (17.08%) C#
17 53 (16.46%) CSS
18 52 (16.15%) SQL
19 50 (15.53%) Continuous Integration
20 49 (15.22%) Web Development
21 48 (14.91%) .NET
22 47 (14.60%) SQL Server
23 46 (14.29%) SOA
23 46 (14.29%) Scrum
24 45 (13.98%) Banking
24 45 (13.98%) NoSQL
25 44 (13.66%) MVC
25 44 (13.66%) HTTP
26 42 (13.04%) AngularJS
27 41 (12.73%) Docker

Web Services
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 28 (8.70%) Apache
2 20 (6.21%) WebSphere
3 18 (5.59%) Tomcat
4 15 (4.66%) JBoss
5 11 (3.42%) Confluence
6 8 (2.48%) Elasticsearch
6 8 (2.48%) WebLogic
7 7 (2.17%) Cloud Foundry
8 6 (1.86%) Drupal
9 5 (1.55%) SharePoint
10 4 (1.24%) Adobe Experience Manager
10 4 (1.24%) CMS
10 4 (1.24%) Oracle SOA Suite
11 3 (0.93%) Ethereum
11 3 (0.93%) NServiceBus
11 3 (0.93%) WordPress
12 2 (0.62%) IIS
12 2 (0.62%) Jetty
12 2 (0.62%) nginx
13 1 (0.31%) WebSphere Application Server
Applications
1 5 (1.55%) Adobe Creative Suite
1 5 (1.55%) OmniGraffle
2 4 (1.24%) Microsoft Excel
3 3 (0.93%) InVision
3 3 (0.93%) Microsoft Office
4 2 (0.62%) MS Visio
5 1 (0.31%) Chatbot
5 1 (0.31%) Microsoft Project
5 1 (0.31%) Photoshop
Business Applications
1 7 (2.17%) Payment Gateway
2 3 (0.93%) Dynamics CRM
3 1 (0.31%) Adobe Campaign
3 1 (0.31%) Dynamics GP
3 1 (0.31%) Elite 3E
3 1 (0.31%) Workday HCM
Cloud Services
1 96 (29.81%) Amazon AWS
2 40 (12.42%) Microsoft Azure
3 12 (3.73%) npm
4 11 (3.42%) Google Cloud Platform
5 9 (2.80%) PaaS
6 8 (2.48%) GitHub
7 7 (2.17%) Amazon EC2
8 5 (1.55%) Office 365
9 4 (1.24%) Amazon ElastiCache
9 4 (1.24%) Amazon S3
9 4 (1.24%) Cloud Computing
10 3 (0.93%) Adobe Creative Cloud
10 3 (0.93%) AWS CloudFormation
10 3 (0.93%) Azure Active Directory
10 3 (0.93%) Heroku
10 3 (0.93%) Runscope
11 2 (0.62%) Amazon ELB
11 2 (0.62%) Salesforce Service Cloud
11 2 (0.62%) Sauce Labs
11 2 (0.62%) Virtual Private Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 44 (13.66%) HTTP
2 16 (4.97%) FTP
3 14 (4.35%) TCP/IP
4 9 (2.80%) Internet
5 8 (2.48%) DNS
6 6 (1.86%) Firewall
6 6 (1.86%) IMAP
6 6 (1.86%) SMTP
7 4 (1.24%) SSL
8 3 (0.93%) X.509
9 2 (0.62%) Kerberos
9 2 (0.62%) Network Security
10 1 (0.31%) Cisco ASA
10 1 (0.31%) DHCP
10 1 (0.31%) Intrusion Detection
10 1 (0.31%) LAN
10 1 (0.31%) OpenVPN
10 1 (0.31%) VLAN
10 1 (0.31%) VPN
10 1 (0.31%) Wireshark
Database & Business Intelligence
1 47 (14.60%) SQL Server
2 45 (13.98%) NoSQL
3 38 (11.80%) Relational Database
4 17 (5.28%) Apache Cassandra
5 15 (4.66%) MySQL
6 12 (3.73%) MongoDB
6 12 (3.73%) Siebel EIM
7 11 (3.42%) PostgreSQL
8 7 (2.17%) Amazon RDS
8 7 (2.17%) Blockchain
9 4 (1.24%) Data Warehouse
10 3 (0.93%) Big Data
10 3 (0.93%) Bigtable
10 3 (0.93%) Hadoop
10 3 (0.93%) Oracle Database
10 3 (0.93%) Power BI
10 3 (0.93%) RDBMS
10 3 (0.93%) Redis
10 3 (0.93%) SQL Server Integration Services
11 2 (0.62%) SQL Server 2012
Development Applications
1 64 (19.88%) Jenkins
2 63 (19.57%) Git (software)
3 37 (11.49%) JUnit
4 35 (10.87%) Maven
5 23 (7.14%) JIRA
6 21 (6.52%) Selenium
7 20 (6.21%) Gradle
8 17 (5.28%) Mockito
8 17 (5.28%) webpack
9 15 (4.66%) Eclipse
10 13 (4.04%) Jasmine
11 12 (3.73%) Cucumber
11 12 (3.73%) TestNG
12 10 (3.11%) gulp
13 9 (2.80%) Ant
13 9 (2.80%) Sonatype Nexus
14 8 (2.48%) Grunt
14 8 (2.48%) TeamCity
15 7 (2.17%) IBM UrbanCode
15 7 (2.17%) SonarQube
General
1 107 (33.23%) Finance
2 45 (13.98%) Banking
3 23 (7.14%) Financial Institution
4 17 (5.28%) Front Office
5 13 (4.04%) Retail
6 12 (3.73%) Back Office
7 10 (3.11%) Legal
8 6 (1.86%) Law
9 5 (1.55%) Retail Banking
10 4 (1.24%) Advertising
10 4 (1.24%) Investment Banking
11 3 (0.93%) Games
11 3 (0.93%) Marketing
12 2 (0.62%) Digital Economy
13 1 (0.31%) Publishing
13 1 (0.31%) Telecoms
Job Titles
1 218 (67.70%) Developer
2 95 (29.50%) Java Developer
3 35 (10.87%) Web Developer
4 34 (10.56%) Senior Developer
5 28 (8.70%) E-Commerce Developer
5 28 (8.70%) Java Web Developer
6 25 (7.76%) Architect
7 23 (7.14%) E-Commerce Web Developer
7 23 (7.14%) Java E-Commerce Developer
7 23 (7.14%) Senior Java Developer
8 19 (5.90%) .NET Developer
8 19 (5.90%) Cloud Developer
9 18 (5.59%) C# Developer
9 18 (5.59%) DevOps Engineer
9 18 (5.59%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
10 12 (3.73%) Analyst
10 12 (3.73%) Siebel Developer
11 11 (3.42%) Integration Specialist
11 11 (3.42%) NoSQL Developer
12 10 (3.11%) Angular Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 113 (35.09%) RESTful
2 100 (31.06%) REST
3 71 (22.05%) Spring
4 69 (21.43%) SOAP
5 66 (20.50%) HTML
6 59 (18.32%) XML
7 53 (16.46%) CSS
8 48 (14.91%) .NET
9 42 (13.04%) AngularJS
10 36 (11.18%) JSON
11 35 (10.87%) Node.js
11 35 (10.87%) React
12 25 (7.76%) Dropwizard
13 23 (7.14%) J2EE
14 21 (6.52%) ASP.NET
14 21 (6.52%) HTML5
15 20 (6.21%) ASP.NET MVC
15 20 (6.21%) ASP.NET Web API
16 17 (5.28%) jQuery
17 15 (4.66%) LDAP
Miscellaneous
1 29 (9.01%) Analytical Skills
2 22 (6.83%) User Experience
3 18 (5.59%) Hedge funds
4 17 (5.28%) Mobile App
5 16 (4.97%) Greenfield Project
6 14 (4.35%) iPad
7 12 (3.73%) Fintech
8 8 (2.48%) Mobile Payment
9 7 (2.17%) Computer Science
9 7 (2.17%) Data Structures
9 7 (2.17%) Enterprise Software
10 6 (1.86%) Algorithms
10 6 (1.86%) Management Information System
11 5 (1.55%) N-Tier
11 5 (1.55%) Public Cloud
12 4 (1.24%) Data Centre
12 4 (1.24%) RIA
13 3 (0.93%) Digital Currency
13 3 (0.93%) Machine to Machine
13 3 (0.93%) Self-Motivation
Operating Systems
1 35 (10.87%) Linux
2 29 (9.01%) Unix
2 29 (9.01%) Windows
3 10 (3.11%) Android
4 6 (1.86%) Apple iOS
5 5 (1.55%) Windows Server
6 4 (1.24%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 4 (1.24%) Ubuntu
7 3 (0.93%) CoreOS
7 3 (0.93%) Mac OS
7 3 (0.93%) Mac OS X
8 2 (0.62%) Windows 7
9 1 (0.31%) CentOS
9 1 (0.31%) Debian
9 1 (0.31%) Solaris
9 1 (0.31%) Windows Embedded Compact
9 1 (0.31%) Windows Server 2008
9 1 (0.31%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 165 (51.24%) Agile Software Development
2 70 (21.74%) TDD
3 56 (17.39%) E-Commerce
4 50 (15.53%) Continuous Integration
5 49 (15.22%) Web Development
6 46 (14.29%) Scrum
6 46 (14.29%) SOA
7 44 (13.66%) MVC
8 41 (12.73%) DevOps
8 41 (12.73%) Unit Testing
9 39 (12.11%) Problem-Solving
10 36 (11.18%) Test Automation
11 35 (10.87%) Microservices
12 29 (9.01%) Software Engineering
13 27 (8.39%) Front End Development
13 27 (8.39%) SDLC
14 26 (8.07%) OO
15 23 (7.14%) B2C
15 23 (7.14%) BDD
16 21 (6.52%) Pair Programming
Programming Languages
1 186 (57.76%) Java
2 102 (31.68%) JavaScript
3 55 (17.08%) C#
4 52 (16.15%) SQL
5 32 (9.94%) Java 8
6 23 (7.14%) Groovy
7 21 (6.52%) XPath
8 17 (5.28%) Python
9 14 (4.35%) Ruby
10 13 (4.04%) Shell Script
11 12 (3.73%) STATISTICA Visual Basic
11 12 (3.73%) TypeScript
12 11 (3.42%) Bash Shell
13 9 (2.80%) C++
13 9 (2.80%) ES6
13 9 (2.80%) Scala
14 8 (2.48%) Go
15 6 (1.86%) Apple Swift
15 6 (1.86%) BeanShell
16 5 (1.55%) PHP
Qualifications
1 15 (4.66%) Degree
2 12 (3.73%) Siebel Certification
3 7 (2.17%) SC Cleared
3 7 (2.17%) Security Cleared
4 3 (0.93%) MBA
5 2 (0.62%) AWS Certification
5 2 (0.62%) Master's Degree
6 1 (0.31%) CEH
6 1 (0.31%) CISSP
6 1 (0.31%) Computer Science Degree
6 1 (0.31%) ISTQB
6 1 (0.31%) MCSE
6 1 (0.31%) Microsoft Certification
6 1 (0.31%) OSCP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 21 (6.52%) QA
2 3 (0.93%) GCP
2 3 (0.93%) ISO 8583
2 3 (0.93%) WCAG
3 2 (0.62%) Sarbanes-Oxley
4 1 (0.31%) HL7
System Software
1 41 (12.73%) Docker
2 15 (4.66%) Active Directory
3 8 (2.48%) VMware Infrastructure
4 3 (0.93%) VirtualBox
4 3 (0.93%) VMware ESXi
5 2 (0.62%) Virtual Machines
6 1 (0.31%) Gluster
6 1 (0.31%) GridGain
6 1 (0.31%) HDFS
6 1 (0.31%) iptables
6 1 (0.31%) NFS
6 1 (0.31%) pfSense
Systems Management
1 23 (7.14%) Kubernetes
2 18 (5.59%) Opscode Chef
3 17 (5.28%) Ansible
4 14 (4.35%) Terraform
5 12 (3.73%) Prometheus
6 8 (2.48%) Puppet
7 6 (1.86%) Single Sign-On
8 4 (1.24%) Docker Swarm
8 4 (1.24%) Packer
9 3 (0.93%) Grafana
9 3 (0.93%) Graphite
9 3 (0.93%) SCCM
10 2 (0.62%) Matomo
11 1 (0.31%) CSIRT
11 1 (0.31%) Hadoop YARN
11 1 (0.31%) HAProxy
11 1 (0.31%) Marathon
11 1 (0.31%) Mesos
11 1 (0.31%) Network Intrusion Detection System
11 1 (0.31%) WebSphere Cast Iron
Vendors
1 20 (6.21%) Microsoft
2 16 (4.97%) IBM
3 14 (4.35%) Oracle
4 12 (3.73%) Adobe
4 12 (3.73%) Siebel
5 11 (3.42%) VMware
6 9 (2.80%) Salesforce.com
7 8 (2.48%) Sybase
8 7 (2.17%) Demandware
8 7 (2.17%) Google
8 7 (2.17%) ServiceNow
9 4 (1.24%) Red Hat
10 3 (0.93%) Apigee
10 3 (0.93%) Dynatrace
10 3 (0.93%) Informatica
10 3 (0.93%) Intapp
10 3 (0.93%) TIBCO
11 2 (0.62%) MuleSoft
11 2 (0.62%) Murex
11 2 (0.62%) Pardot