Period
to 4 July 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for Web Services skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Web Services over the 6 months to 4 July 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Web Services
Central London > City of London
6 months to
4 Jul 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 57 69 50
Rank change year-on-year +12 -19 -10
Contract jobs citing Web Services 91 227 336
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the City of London 3.32% 3.41% 4.73%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 9.85% 9.15% 12.13%
Number of daily rates quoted 65 166 261
Median daily rate £518 £525 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -1.43% +5.00% -
10th Percentile £405 £384 £406
90th Percentile £625 £669 £608
Central London median daily rate £511 £525 £500
% change year-on-year -2.62% +5.00% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 2 0 9
Median hourly rate £35.00 - £21.50
Central London median hourly rate £35.00 - £21.50

Web Services is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
City of London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 924 2,482 2,770
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 33.72% 37.26% 39.00%
Number of daily rates quoted 684 1,994 2,275
Median daily rate £525 £525 £525
10th Percentile £375 £413 £363
90th Percentile £688 £675 £675
Central London median daily rate £525 £525 £513
% change year-on-year - +2.44% +3.02%
Number of hourly rates quoted 10 11 15
Median hourly rate £35.00 £44.57 £21.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -21.46% +107.28% -13.52%
10th Percentile £31.83 £22.25 £21.00
90th Percentile £57.88 £60.75 £55.00
Median hourly rate £35.00 £46.85 £22.00
% change year-on-year -25.29% +112.94% -11.50%

Web Services
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing Web Services as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for Web Services in the City of London

Web Services
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Web Services in the City of London.

Daily rate trend for Web Services in the City of London

Web Services
Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Web Services in the City of London over the 6 months to 4 July 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Web Services in the City of London

Web Services
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Web Services in the City of London.

Hourly rate trend for Web Services in the City of London

For the 6 months to 4 July 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Web Services also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for Web Services.

1 41 (45.05%) Agile Software Development
2 30 (32.97%) Java
3 23 (25.27%) AWS
4 22 (24.18%) REST
4 22 (24.18%) DevOps
5 21 (23.08%) Scrum
6 20 (21.98%) Finance
6 20 (21.98%) SQL
7 18 (19.78%) XML
8 17 (18.68%) Python
8 17 (18.68%) RESTful
8 17 (18.68%) Docker
8 17 (18.68%) Azure
9 16 (17.58%) Kubernetes
9 16 (17.58%) C#
10 15 (16.48%) Linux
10 15 (16.48%) NoSQL
11 13 (14.29%) Microservices
11 13 (14.29%) SC Cleared
11 13 (14.29%) Security Cleared
11 13 (14.29%) Banking
12 12 (13.19%) TDD
12 12 (13.19%) Test Automation
12 12 (13.19%) SDLC
13 11 (12.09%) Big Data
13 11 (12.09%) BDD
13 11 (12.09%) Oracle
13 11 (12.09%) JavaScript
14 10 (10.99%) .NET
14 10 (10.99%) SOAP

Web Services
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 8 (8.79%) Confluence
2 7 (7.69%) Elasticsearch
3 6 (6.59%) Apache Spark
4 4 (4.40%) Apache
4 4 (4.40%) WebLogic
5 3 (3.30%) CMS
5 3 (3.30%) Tomcat
6 2 (2.20%) Exchange Server 2010
6 2 (2.20%) Jupyter
6 2 (2.20%) MS Exchange
6 2 (2.20%) nginx
6 2 (2.20%) Oracle SOA Suite
6 2 (2.20%) SharePoint
6 2 (2.20%) Skype for Business
6 2 (2.20%) Umbraco
7 1 (1.10%) Anypoint
7 1 (1.10%) Mule
7 1 (1.10%) Mule ESB
7 1 (1.10%) OpenStack
7 1 (1.10%) WebSphere
Applications
1 5 (5.49%) Microsoft Office
2 1 (1.10%) RoboHelp
2 1 (1.10%) Zeplin
Business Applications
1 2 (2.20%) Dynamics CRM
2 1 (1.10%) Dynamics NAV
2 1 (1.10%) Magento
2 1 (1.10%) Oracle ERP
2 1 (1.10%) Siebel CRM
Cloud Services
1 23 (25.27%) AWS
2 17 (18.68%) Azure
3 5 (5.49%) GCP
4 3 (3.30%) Amazon EC2
4 3 (3.30%) Amazon S3
4 3 (3.30%) AWS CloudFormation
4 3 (3.30%) Azure ExpressRoute
4 3 (3.30%) Azure Stack
4 3 (3.30%) Cloud Computing
4 3 (3.30%) GitHub
4 3 (3.30%) iPaaS
4 3 (3.30%) OpenShift
4 3 (3.30%) PaaS
4 3 (3.30%) SaaS
4 3 (3.30%) Tricentis Tosca
5 2 (2.20%) Amazon EKS
5 2 (2.20%) Office 365
6 1 (1.10%) Amazon ECS
6 1 (1.10%) Power Platform
6 1 (1.10%) Serverless
Communications & Networking
1 4 (4.40%) HTTP
1 4 (4.40%) VPN
2 2 (2.20%) Firewall
2 2 (2.20%) Intranet
3 1 (1.10%) DMZ
3 1 (1.10%) DNS
3 1 (1.10%) Internet
3 1 (1.10%) SSL
3 1 (1.10%) TCP/IP
3 1 (1.10%) WAN
3 1 (1.10%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 15 (16.48%) NoSQL
2 11 (12.09%) Big Data
3 9 (9.89%) SQL Server
4 8 (8.79%) MongoDB
5 4 (4.40%) MySQL
5 4 (4.40%) Relational Database
6 3 (3.30%) Data Warehouse
6 3 (3.30%) Hadoop
6 3 (3.30%) Oracle Database
7 2 (2.20%) Azure SQL Database
7 2 (2.20%) InterSystems Cache
7 2 (2.20%) Neo4j
7 2 (2.20%) Parquet
7 2 (2.20%) PostgreSQL
7 2 (2.20%) Redis
8 1 (1.10%) DB2
8 1 (1.10%) RDBMS
8 1 (1.10%) Siebel EIM
8 1 (1.10%) SQL Server Integration Services
8 1 (1.10%) SQL Server Reporting Services
Development Applications
1 9 (9.89%) Jenkins
1 9 (9.89%) JIRA
1 9 (9.89%) Maven
2 7 (7.69%) Git (software)
3 6 (6.59%) JUnit
3 6 (6.59%) Mockito
4 5 (5.49%) Gradle
5 4 (4.40%) Bitbucket
5 4 (4.40%) Selenium
6 3 (3.30%) Eclipse
6 3 (3.30%) Team Foundation Server
6 3 (3.30%) TeamCity
6 3 (3.30%) Visual Studio
7 2 (2.20%) CircleCI
7 2 (2.20%) Cucumber
7 2 (2.20%) JMeter
7 2 (2.20%) Postman
7 2 (2.20%) SpecFlow
7 2 (2.20%) Toad
7 2 (2.20%) Travis CI
General
1 20 (21.98%) Finance
2 13 (14.29%) Banking
3 6 (6.59%) Investment Banking
4 5 (5.49%) Front Office
5 3 (3.30%) Back Office
5 3 (3.30%) Law
5 3 (3.30%) Publishing
5 3 (3.30%) Retail
6 2 (2.20%) International Banking
6 2 (2.20%) Police
7 1 (1.10%) Billing
7 1 (1.10%) Legal
7 1 (1.10%) Public Sector
Job Titles
1 39 (42.86%) Developer
2 13 (14.29%) Architect
3 8 (8.79%) Java Developer
4 7 (7.69%) C# Developer
4 7 (7.69%) Data Architect
4 7 (7.69%) DevOps Engineer
5 5 (5.49%) Analyst
6 4 (4.40%) AWS Engineer
6 4 (4.40%) Backend Developer
6 4 (4.40%) Solutions Architect
7 3 (3.30%) .NET Developer
7 3 (3.30%) Administrator
7 3 (3.30%) Azure Architect
7 3 (3.30%) Azure Developer
7 3 (3.30%) Cloud Engineer
7 3 (3.30%) Data Engineer
7 3 (3.30%) Kubernetes Engineer
7 3 (3.30%) Messaging Architect
7 3 (3.30%) React Developer
7 3 (3.30%) Senior Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 22 (24.18%) REST
2 18 (19.78%) XML
3 17 (18.68%) RESTful
4 10 (10.99%) .NET
4 10 (10.99%) AngularJS
4 10 (10.99%) SOAP
4 10 (10.99%) Spring
5 9 (9.89%) React
6 8 (8.79%) HTML
6 8 (8.79%) Node.js
7 7 (7.69%) CSS
7 7 (7.69%) XML Schema
8 6 (6.59%) JSON
8 6 (6.59%) Kafka
8 6 (6.59%) Middleware
8 6 (6.59%) Spring Boot
9 5 (5.49%) J2EE
10 4 (4.40%) Jest
10 4 (4.40%) Ruby on Rails
11 3 (3.30%) OAuth2
Miscellaneous
1 9 (9.89%) Analytical Skills
2 4 (4.40%) Greenfield Project
2 4 (4.40%) iPad
2 4 (4.40%) User Experience
3 3 (3.30%) Enterprise Software
3 3 (3.30%) Hedge funds
3 3 (3.30%) Management Information System
3 3 (3.30%) Mobile App
4 2 (2.20%) Blackberry
4 2 (2.20%) Blog
4 2 (2.20%) BYOD
4 2 (2.20%) Credit Risk
4 2 (2.20%) Data Centre
4 2 (2.20%) Data Structures
4 2 (2.20%) Fixed Income
4 2 (2.20%) iPhone
4 2 (2.20%) Market Risk
4 2 (2.20%) Public Cloud
4 2 (2.20%) Self-Motivation
5 1 (1.10%) Algorithms
Operating Systems
1 15 (16.48%) Linux
2 8 (8.79%) Unix
3 3 (3.30%) Windows
Processes & Methodologies
1 41 (45.05%) Agile Software Development
2 22 (24.18%) DevOps
3 21 (23.08%) Scrum
4 13 (14.29%) Microservices
5 12 (13.19%) SDLC
5 12 (13.19%) TDD
5 12 (13.19%) Test Automation
6 11 (12.09%) BDD
7 10 (10.99%) Continuous Integration
7 10 (10.99%) Open Source
7 10 (10.99%) SOA
8 9 (9.89%) ETL
9 8 (8.79%) Data Architecture
9 8 (8.79%) Data Modelling
9 8 (8.79%) UML
10 7 (7.69%) Migration
10 7 (7.69%) Problem-Solving
10 7 (7.69%) Unit Testing
11 6 (6.59%) Multithreading
11 6 (6.59%) OO
Programming Languages
1 30 (32.97%) Java
2 20 (21.98%) SQL
3 17 (18.68%) Python
4 16 (17.58%) C#
5 11 (12.09%) JavaScript
6 9 (9.89%) Java 8
7 8 (8.79%) Groovy
8 5 (5.49%) Ruby
9 4 (4.40%) T-SQL
9 4 (4.40%) TypeScript
9 4 (4.40%) VB
10 2 (2.20%) MUMPS
10 2 (2.20%) PHP
10 2 (2.20%) PowerShell
11 1 (1.10%) Apex Code
11 1 (1.10%) Bash Shell
11 1 (1.10%) C++
11 1 (1.10%) PL/SQL
11 1 (1.10%) Scala
11 1 (1.10%) VB.NET
Qualifications
1 13 (14.29%) SC Cleared
1 13 (14.29%) Security Cleared
2 10 (10.99%) Degree
3 3 (3.30%) Computer Science Degree
3 3 (3.30%) ISEB
4 2 (2.20%) DV Cleared
4 2 (2.20%) ISTQB
4 2 (2.20%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
4 2 (2.20%) MCSA
4 2 (2.20%) MCSE
4 2 (2.20%) Microsoft Certification
5 1 (1.10%) CHECK Team Member
5 1 (1.10%) CISSP
5 1 (1.10%) CTC Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 8 (8.79%) QA
2 1 (1.10%) MiFID
System Software
1 17 (18.68%) Docker
2 5 (5.49%) Active Directory
Systems Management
1 16 (17.58%) Kubernetes
2 8 (8.79%) Terraform
3 7 (7.69%) Ansible
4 5 (5.49%) logstash
5 2 (2.20%) Kibana
6 1 (1.10%) FortiGate
6 1 (1.10%) HP Quality Center
6 1 (1.10%) Opscode Chef
6 1 (1.10%) Packer
6 1 (1.10%) Puppet
Vendors
1 11 (12.09%) Oracle
2 9 (9.89%) Microsoft
3 7 (7.69%) Alteryx
3 7 (7.69%) Informatica
4 4 (4.40%) Atlassian
4 4 (4.40%) Cadence
4 4 (4.40%) Google
5 3 (3.30%) Remedy
5 3 (3.30%) SAP
6 2 (2.20%) MapR
6 2 (2.20%) Salesforce.com
7 1 (1.10%) Adyen
7 1 (1.10%) Cloudera
7 1 (1.10%) ForgeRock
7 1 (1.10%) MuleSoft
7 1 (1.10%) Nintex
7 1 (1.10%) PayPal
7 1 (1.10%) Ping Identity
7 1 (1.10%) Splunk
7 1 (1.10%) Workday