Period
to 21 September 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for Web Services skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Web Services over the 6 months to 21 September 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Web Services
Central London > City of London
6 months to
21 Sep 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 74 59 68
Rank change year-on-year -15 +9 -7
Contract jobs citing Web Services 110 60 229
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the City of London 3.02% 3.41% 3.69%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 8.91% 11.15% 10.51%
Number of daily rates quoted 82 45 179
10th Percentile £415 £443 £373
25th Percentile £450 £513 £453
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £500 £557 £538
Median % change year-on-year -10.23% +3.63% +7.50%
75th Percentile £593 £650 £625
90th Percentile £710 £690 £699
Central London median daily rate £500 £557 £538
% change year-on-year -10.23% +3.63% +7.50%
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 0 1
Median hourly rate - - £10.50
Central London median hourly rate - - £10.50

Web Services is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
City of London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 1,234 538 2,179
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 33.85% 30.62% 35.15%
Number of daily rates quoted 952 413 1,775
10th Percentile £400 £371 £406
25th Percentile £475 £431 £463
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £590 £525 £532
Median % change year-on-year +12.38% -1.22% +1.24%
75th Percentile £653 £613 £625
90th Percentile £738 £688 £675
Central London median daily rate £575 £525 £525
% change year-on-year +9.52% - -
Number of hourly rates quoted 7 5 7
10th Percentile £23.65 £27.20 £16.85
25th Percentile £30.13 £32.75 £21.75
Median hourly rate £36.50 £37.50 £41.75
Median % change year-on-year -2.67% -10.17% +54.61%
75th Percentile £52.75 £40.00 £47.99
90th Percentile £68.65 £44.65 £51.68
Central London median hourly rate £35.75 £37.50 £41.75
% change year-on-year -4.67% -10.17% +54.61%

Web Services
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing Web Services as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for Web Services in the City of London

Web Services
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Web Services in the City of London.

Daily rate trend for Web Services in the City of London

Web Services
Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Web Services in the City of London over the 6 months to 21 September 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Web Services in the City of London

Web Services
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Web Services in the City of London.

Hourly rate trend for Web Services in the City of London

Web Services
Contract Job Locations in the City of London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Web Services within the City of London region over the 6 months to 21 September 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London Bridge - 4 £650 -
Web Services
Central London

For the 6 months to 21 September 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Web Services also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for Web Services.

1 63 (57.27%) AWS
2 61 (55.45%) Git (software)
3 56 (50.91%) DevOps
4 53 (48.18%) Jenkins
4 53 (48.18%) Azure
5 52 (47.27%) TDD
6 51 (46.36%) Docker
7 48 (43.64%) Agile Software Development
8 46 (41.82%) JavaScript
9 41 (37.27%) HTML
10 40 (36.36%) MVC
11 39 (35.45%) CSS
12 37 (33.64%) Microservices
12 37 (33.64%) AngularJS
13 33 (30.00%) Software Engineering
14 31 (28.18%) Web Development
14 31 (28.18%) Sass
15 30 (27.27%) HTML5
16 28 (25.45%) Node.js
16 28 (25.45%) Java
17 27 (24.55%) LESS
17 27 (24.55%) Vue.js
18 25 (22.73%) Full Stack Development
18 25 (22.73%) PHP
18 25 (22.73%) CSS3
19 23 (20.91%) Laravel
19 23 (20.91%) Vuetify.js
20 21 (19.09%) SQL
20 21 (19.09%) RESTful
20 21 (19.09%) OWASP

Web Services
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 10 (9.09%) CMS
2 5 (4.55%) Oracle SOA Suite
3 3 (2.73%) Apache Spark
4 2 (1.82%) Apache
4 2 (1.82%) IIS
4 2 (1.82%) JBoss
4 2 (1.82%) nginx
5 1 (0.91%) Appian
5 1 (0.91%) CICS
5 1 (0.91%) SAS
Business Applications
1 1 (0.91%) Magento
1 1 (0.91%) OpenText VIM for SAP
1 1 (0.91%) Payment Gateway
Cloud Services
1 63 (57.27%) AWS
2 53 (48.18%) Azure
3 8 (7.27%) AWS CloudFormation
4 7 (6.36%) npm
5 6 (5.45%) PaaS
6 5 (4.55%) GCP
6 5 (4.55%) GitHub
7 4 (3.64%) Amazon S3
7 4 (3.64%) IaaS
7 4 (3.64%) SaaS
8 3 (2.73%) AWS Lambda
8 3 (2.73%) Serverless
9 2 (1.82%) Amazon EKS
9 2 (1.82%) Virtual Private Cloud
10 1 (0.91%) Amazon ECS
10 1 (0.91%) AWS CodePipeline
10 1 (0.91%) Azure Active Directory
10 1 (0.91%) Datadog
10 1 (0.91%) iPaaS
10 1 (0.91%) OpenShift
Communications & Networking
1 3 (2.73%) HTTP
2 1 (0.91%) Internet
2 1 (0.91%) Kerberos
2 1 (0.91%) Radio Access Network
2 1 (0.91%) SAN
2 1 (0.91%) SNMP
2 1 (0.91%) SSH
2 1 (0.91%) TCP/IP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 10 (9.09%) NoSQL
1 10 (9.09%) SQL Server
2 6 (5.45%) Big Data
2 6 (5.45%) MongoDB
2 6 (5.45%) Relational Database
3 5 (4.55%) Apache Hive
3 5 (4.55%) MySQL
4 4 (3.64%) Hadoop
5 3 (2.73%) Oracle Database
6 2 (1.82%) DB2
6 2 (1.82%) Impala
6 2 (1.82%) PostgreSQL
7 1 (0.91%) Amazon DynamoDB
7 1 (0.91%) Amazon Redshift
7 1 (0.91%) BigQuery
7 1 (0.91%) CouchDB
7 1 (0.91%) Data Warehouse
7 1 (0.91%) DB2 UDB
7 1 (0.91%) RDBMS
7 1 (0.91%) SQL Server Integration Services
Development Applications
1 61 (55.45%) Git (software)
2 53 (48.18%) Jenkins
3 11 (10.00%) Maven
4 9 (8.18%) Jasmine
5 8 (7.27%) Grunt
5 8 (7.27%) webpack
6 6 (5.45%) JIRA
7 5 (4.55%) Karma Test Runner
8 4 (3.64%) Bitbucket
8 4 (3.64%) Bower
8 4 (3.64%) Cucumber
8 4 (3.64%) GitLab
8 4 (3.64%) gulp
8 4 (3.64%) JSUnit
8 4 (3.64%) PhantomJS
8 4 (3.64%) Selenium
9 3 (2.73%) Ant
9 3 (2.73%) Mockito
9 3 (2.73%) Subversion
9 3 (2.73%) TeamCity
General
1 17 (15.45%) Finance
2 6 (5.45%) Social Skills
3 5 (4.55%) Public Sector
4 4 (3.64%) Banking
5 3 (2.73%) Analytical Skills
5 3 (2.73%) Investment Banking
6 2 (1.82%) Back Office
6 2 (1.82%) Front Office
7 1 (0.91%) Advertising
7 1 (0.91%) Financial Institution
7 1 (0.91%) General Ledger
7 1 (0.91%) International Banking
7 1 (0.91%) Manufacturing
7 1 (0.91%) Marketing
7 1 (0.91%) Military
7 1 (0.91%) Police
7 1 (0.91%) Presentation Skills
7 1 (0.91%) Telecoms
Job Titles
1 69 (62.73%) Developer
2 28 (25.45%) Backend Developer
3 22 (20.00%) PHP Developer
4 18 (16.36%) Node.js Developer
5 6 (5.45%) Architect
5 6 (5.45%) Java Developer
6 5 (4.55%) DevOps Engineer
6 5 (4.55%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
6 5 (4.55%) React Developer
6 5 (4.55%) Senior Developer
7 4 (3.64%) Lead Developer
7 4 (3.64%) ServiceNow Developer
7 4 (3.64%) Software Engineer
8 3 (2.73%) AWS Engineer
8 3 (2.73%) Data Engineer
8 3 (2.73%) Java Engineer
8 3 (2.73%) JavaScript Developer
8 3 (2.73%) Lead PHP Developer
8 3 (2.73%) Python Developer
8 3 (2.73%) UI Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 41 (37.27%) HTML
2 39 (35.45%) CSS
3 37 (33.64%) AngularJS
4 31 (28.18%) Sass
5 30 (27.27%) HTML5
6 28 (25.45%) Node.js
7 27 (24.55%) LESS
7 27 (24.55%) Vue.js
8 25 (22.73%) CSS3
9 23 (20.91%) Laravel
9 23 (20.91%) Vuetify.js
10 21 (19.09%) RESTful
11 14 (12.73%) Spring
12 13 (11.82%) REST
13 11 (10.00%) React
14 10 (9.09%) JSON
15 9 (8.18%) Jest
16 7 (6.36%) Spring Boot
17 6 (5.45%) XML
18 5 (4.55%) SOAP
Miscellaneous
1 7 (6.36%) Data Structures
2 5 (4.55%) Algorithms
3 4 (3.64%) CMDB
4 3 (2.73%) Private Cloud
4 3 (2.73%) User Experience
5 2 (1.82%) Data Centre
5 2 (1.82%) Mainframe
5 2 (1.82%) Management Information System
5 2 (1.82%) Market Risk
5 2 (1.82%) Mobile App
5 2 (1.82%) Public Cloud
5 2 (1.82%) Virtual Team
6 1 (0.91%) Client/Server
6 1 (0.91%) Enterprise Software
6 1 (0.91%) Hybrid Cloud
6 1 (0.91%) Legacy Systems
6 1 (0.91%) Linux Command Line
6 1 (0.91%) RIA
Operating Systems
1 6 (5.45%) Linux
2 4 (3.64%) Unix
2 4 (3.64%) Windows
3 3 (2.73%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
4 1 (0.91%) Apple iOS
4 1 (0.91%) Mac OS
4 1 (0.91%) Windows 10
4 1 (0.91%) Windows Server
4 1 (0.91%) Windows Server 2012
4 1 (0.91%) Windows Server 2019
Processes & Methodologies
1 56 (50.91%) DevOps
2 52 (47.27%) TDD
3 48 (43.64%) Agile Software Development
4 40 (36.36%) MVC
5 37 (33.64%) Microservices
6 33 (30.00%) Software Engineering
7 31 (28.18%) Web Development
8 25 (22.73%) Full Stack Development
9 21 (19.09%) OWASP
10 16 (14.55%) Continuous Integration
11 12 (10.91%) Migration
12 10 (9.09%) Problem-Solving
13 9 (8.18%) Change Management
13 9 (8.18%) Front End Development
13 9 (8.18%) Scrum
14 7 (6.36%) Analytics
14 7 (6.36%) BDD
14 7 (6.36%) Data Pipeline
14 7 (6.36%) Software Architecture
14 7 (6.36%) Unit Testing
Programming Languages
1 46 (41.82%) JavaScript
2 28 (25.45%) Java
3 25 (22.73%) PHP
4 21 (19.09%) SQL
5 15 (13.64%) Python
6 7 (6.36%) ES6
6 7 (6.36%) TypeScript
7 6 (5.45%) C#
8 5 (4.55%) Java 8
9 4 (3.64%) Bash Shell
9 4 (3.64%) PL/SQL
10 3 (2.73%) Kotlin
10 3 (2.73%) Ruby
10 3 (2.73%) Scala
10 3 (2.73%) Shell Script
11 2 (1.82%) Perl
11 2 (1.82%) PowerShell
12 1 (0.91%) BeanShell
12 1 (0.91%) Bourne shell
12 1 (0.91%) Korn
Qualifications
1 5 (4.55%) Security Cleared
2 4 (3.64%) Degree
2 4 (3.64%) SC Cleared
3 2 (1.82%) AWS Certification
3 2 (1.82%) Computer Science Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 6 (5.45%) QA
2 2 (1.82%) Accessibility
2 2 (1.82%) WCAG
3 1 (0.91%) COBIT
3 1 (0.91%) GDPR
3 1 (0.91%) PCI DSS
3 1 (0.91%) SLA
System Software
1 51 (46.36%) Docker
2 3 (2.73%) Active Directory
3 2 (1.82%) VMware Infrastructure
4 1 (0.91%) RACF
Systems Management
1 6 (5.45%) Ansible
1 6 (5.45%) Kubernetes
2 5 (4.55%) Opscode Chef
2 5 (4.55%) Terraform
3 2 (1.82%) Hadoop YARN
4 1 (0.91%) Grafana
4 1 (0.91%) Graylog
4 1 (0.91%) Kibana
4 1 (0.91%) Oozie
4 1 (0.91%) Puppet
4 1 (0.91%) Salt
Vendors
1 18 (16.36%) Oracle
2 7 (6.36%) Microsoft
3 5 (4.55%) ServiceNow
4 4 (3.64%) Google
5 3 (2.73%) Red Hat
6 2 (1.82%) Atlassian
6 2 (1.82%) Cloudera
6 2 (1.82%) Hortonworks
6 2 (1.82%) Splunk
6 2 (1.82%) VMware
7 1 (0.91%) 3PAR
7 1 (0.91%) Cadence
7 1 (0.91%) Dell
7 1 (0.91%) HP
7 1 (0.91%) OpenText
7 1 (0.91%) Salesforce.com
7 1 (0.91%) SAP
7 1 (0.91%) Workday
7 1 (0.91%) WorldPay
7 1 (0.91%) Zend