Period
to 23 January 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for Web Services skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Web Services over the 6 months to 23 January 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Web Services
Central London > City of London
6 months to
23 Jan 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 54 81 34
Rank change year-on-year +27 -47 +1
Contract jobs citing Web Services 178 217 382
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 3.60% 3.18% 5.36%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 10.58% 8.07% 14.01%
Number of daily rates quoted 139 162 319
City of London median daily rate £525 £525 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.00% -
10th Percentile £365 £406 £413
90th Percentile £678 £638 £625
Central London median daily rate £525 £500 £500
% change year-on-year +5.00% - +5.26%
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 0 2
City of London median hourly rate - - £21.50
Central London median hourly rate - - £21.50

Web Services is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
City of London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 1,683 2,690 2,727
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 34.02% 39.39% 38.25%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,367 2,234 2,327
City of London median daily rate £525 £525 £513
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +2.44% +7.89%
10th Percentile £392 £408 £363
90th Percentile £675 £672 £665
Central London median daily rate £525 £525 £500
% change year-on-year - +5.00% +5.26%
Number of hourly rates quoted 5 3 7
City of London median hourly rate £35.00 £19.00 £27.09
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +84.21% -29.86% -50.06%
10th Percentile £24.50 £14.90 £21.05
90th Percentile £61.20 £84.50 £55.95
Central London median hourly rate £35.00 £27.00 £24.30
% change year-on-year +29.63% +11.13% -55.21%

Web Services
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing Web Services as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for Web Services in the City of London

Web Services
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Web Services in the City of London.

Contractor daily rate trend for Web Services in the City of London

Web Services
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Web Services in the City of London over the 6 months to 23 January 2020.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Web Services in the City of London

Web Services
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Web Services in the City of London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Web Services in the City of London

Web Services
Contract Job Locations in the City of London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Web Services within the City of London region over the 6 months to 23 January 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Moorgate -7 4 - -
London Bridge +35 3 £500 -4.76%
Web Services
Central London

For the 6 months to 23 January 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Web Services also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for Web Services.

1 91 (51.12%) Agile Software Development
2 68 (38.20%) Java
3 57 (32.02%) AWS
4 55 (30.90%) DevOps
5 54 (30.34%) RESTful
6 53 (29.78%) Scrum
7 44 (24.72%) SQL
8 43 (24.16%) Git (software)
8 43 (24.16%) REST
9 42 (23.60%) JavaScript
9 42 (23.60%) Linux
10 41 (23.03%) Finance
10 41 (23.03%) Docker
11 38 (21.35%) Python
11 38 (21.35%) Continuous Integration
12 37 (20.79%) XML
12 37 (20.79%) Test Automation
13 36 (20.22%) Microservices
14 35 (19.66%) JIRA
15 34 (19.10%) HTML
15 34 (19.10%) Azure
16 33 (18.54%) CSS
17 32 (17.98%) TDD
18 31 (17.42%) C#
18 31 (17.42%) Kubernetes
19 30 (16.85%) Kanban
19 30 (16.85%) JSON
20 29 (16.29%) AngularJS
20 29 (16.29%) Jenkins
21 28 (15.73%) .NET

Web Services
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 24 (13.48%) Confluence
2 11 (6.18%) Elasticsearch
3 7 (3.93%) Apache Spark
3 7 (3.93%) CMS
4 5 (2.81%) nginx
4 5 (2.81%) WebLogic
4 5 (2.81%) WebSphere
5 4 (2.25%) Apache
6 3 (1.69%) Ethereum
6 3 (1.69%) IIS
6 3 (1.69%) Jupyter
6 3 (1.69%) SAS
6 3 (1.69%) Tomcat
7 2 (1.12%) Anypoint
7 2 (1.12%) Apache Airflow
7 2 (1.12%) Drupal
7 2 (1.12%) Luigi
7 2 (1.12%) Mule ESB
7 2 (1.12%) Oracle Workflow
7 2 (1.12%) Umbraco
Applications
1 4 (2.25%) Zeplin
2 2 (1.12%) Microsoft Office
3 1 (0.56%) Microsoft Excel
3 1 (0.56%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 3 (1.69%) Dynamics CRM
1 3 (1.69%) Oracle Assets
1 3 (1.69%) Oracle Cash Management
1 3 (1.69%) Oracle FAH
1 3 (1.69%) Oracle General Ledger
1 3 (1.69%) Oracle Internet Expenses
1 3 (1.69%) Oracle iProcurement
1 3 (1.69%) Oracle Payables
1 3 (1.69%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
1 3 (1.69%) Oracle Receivables
1 3 (1.69%) Oracle Subledger Accounting
2 1 (0.56%) Dynamics AX
2 1 (0.56%) Salesforce.com CRM
2 1 (0.56%) SDL Web 8
Cloud Services
1 57 (32.02%) AWS
2 34 (19.10%) Azure
3 18 (10.11%) GCP
3 18 (10.11%) GitHub
4 11 (6.18%) Amazon S3
4 11 (6.18%) AWS Lambda
4 11 (6.18%) Serverless
5 9 (5.06%) Amazon EC2
5 9 (5.06%) PaaS
5 9 (5.06%) SaaS
6 8 (4.49%) Cloud Computing
6 8 (4.49%) Virtual Private Cloud
7 6 (3.37%) Amazon SQS
7 6 (3.37%) AWS CodeDeploy
7 6 (3.37%) AWS CodePipeline
8 4 (2.25%) Amazon Glacier
8 4 (2.25%) Datadog
8 4 (2.25%) Route 53
9 3 (1.69%) AWS CloudFormation
9 3 (1.69%) IaaS
Communications & Networking
1 9 (5.06%) HTTP
2 6 (3.37%) Internet
3 4 (2.25%) VPN
4 1 (0.56%) AMQP
4 1 (0.56%) DHCP
4 1 (0.56%) DNS
4 1 (0.56%) FTP
4 1 (0.56%) TCP/IP
4 1 (0.56%) X.509
Database & Business Intelligence
1 18 (10.11%) MySQL
1 18 (10.11%) PostgreSQL
2 16 (8.99%) NoSQL
2 16 (8.99%) Relational Database
2 16 (8.99%) SQL Server
3 15 (8.43%) MongoDB
4 9 (5.06%) RDBMS
5 6 (3.37%) Amazon RDS
5 6 (3.37%) Apache Cassandra
5 6 (3.37%) Big Data
5 6 (3.37%) Redis
6 5 (2.81%) Amazon DynamoDB
6 5 (2.81%) Azure SQL Database
6 5 (2.81%) Blockchain
7 4 (2.25%) Amazon Redshift
8 3 (1.69%) Amazon Aurora
8 3 (1.69%) Oracle BI Publisher
8 3 (1.69%) Oracle ODI
8 3 (1.69%) Oracle Reports
9 2 (1.12%) Amazon Athena
Development Applications
1 43 (24.16%) Git (software)
2 35 (19.66%) JIRA
3 29 (16.29%) Jenkins
4 15 (8.43%) Maven
5 13 (7.30%) Selenium
6 10 (5.62%) JUnit
7 9 (5.06%) Cucumber
7 9 (5.06%) Gradle
7 9 (5.06%) JMeter
8 8 (4.49%) Mockito
9 6 (3.37%) TeamCity
10 5 (2.81%) Ant
10 5 (2.81%) Bitbucket
10 5 (2.81%) git-flow
10 5 (2.81%) REST Assured
10 5 (2.81%) SpecFlow
11 4 (2.25%) Grunt
11 4 (2.25%) gulp
11 4 (2.25%) IntelliJ
11 4 (2.25%) Sonatype Nexus
General
1 41 (23.03%) Finance
2 17 (9.55%) Banking
3 9 (5.06%) Back Office
4 7 (3.93%) Public Sector
5 5 (2.81%) Publishing
6 4 (2.25%) International Banking
7 3 (1.69%) Advertising
7 3 (1.69%) Front Office
7 3 (1.69%) Marketing
8 2 (1.12%) Housing Association
9 1 (0.56%) Financial Institution
9 1 (0.56%) Investment Banking
9 1 (0.56%) Law
9 1 (0.56%) Legal
9 1 (0.56%) Retail
Job Titles
1 100 (56.18%) Developer
2 20 (11.24%) DevOps Engineer
2 20 (11.24%) Java Developer
3 18 (10.11%) C# Developer
4 12 (6.74%) Architect
5 10 (5.62%) Analyst
5 10 (5.62%) Azure Developer
6 9 (5.06%) .NET Developer
7 8 (4.49%) AWS Engineer
7 8 (4.49%) Python Developer
7 8 (4.49%) React Developer
7 8 (4.49%) Senior Developer
8 7 (3.93%) SQL Developer
9 6 (3.37%) Cloud Developer
9 6 (3.37%) Consultant
9 6 (3.37%) Full Stack Developer
9 6 (3.37%) Solutions Architect
10 5 (2.81%) AWS DevOps
10 5 (2.81%) Backend Developer
10 5 (2.81%) ServiceNow Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 54 (30.34%) RESTful
2 43 (24.16%) REST
3 37 (20.79%) XML
4 34 (19.10%) HTML
5 33 (18.54%) CSS
6 30 (16.85%) JSON
7 29 (16.29%) AngularJS
8 28 (15.73%) .NET
9 23 (12.92%) SOAP
10 22 (12.36%) React
11 21 (11.80%) Spring
12 14 (7.87%) HTML5
12 14 (7.87%) Kafka
12 14 (7.87%) Node.js
13 9 (5.06%) Spring Boot
14 8 (4.49%) J2EE
14 8 (4.49%) Jest
15 7 (3.93%) .NET Framework
15 7 (3.93%) Java EE
15 7 (3.93%) OAuth
Miscellaneous
1 14 (7.87%) User Experience
2 12 (6.74%) Greenfield Project
3 11 (6.18%) Analytical Skills
4 9 (5.06%) Hedge funds
5 7 (3.93%) Enterprise Software
6 6 (3.37%) Mobile App
7 5 (2.81%) Data Structures
7 5 (2.81%) Mobile Payment
7 5 (2.81%) Public Cloud
8 4 (2.25%) Cloud Native
9 3 (1.69%) Management Information System
10 2 (1.12%) BYOD
10 2 (1.12%) Client/Server
10 2 (1.12%) Data Centre
10 2 (1.12%) Self-Motivation
11 1 (0.56%) EPoS
11 1 (0.56%) Fixed Income
11 1 (0.56%) PMI
11 1 (0.56%) Tandem
11 1 (0.56%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 42 (23.60%) Linux
2 19 (10.67%) Unix
3 8 (4.49%) Windows
4 4 (2.25%) Debian
4 4 (2.25%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 2 (1.12%) Android
5 2 (1.12%) Mac OS
5 2 (1.12%) Mac OS X
5 2 (1.12%) Windows Server
6 1 (0.56%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 91 (51.12%) Agile Software Development
2 55 (30.90%) DevOps
3 53 (29.78%) Scrum
4 38 (21.35%) Continuous Integration
5 37 (20.79%) Test Automation
6 36 (20.22%) Microservices
7 32 (17.98%) TDD
8 30 (16.85%) Kanban
9 27 (15.17%) SDLC
10 24 (13.48%) Software Engineering
11 22 (12.36%) Unit Testing
12 21 (11.80%) Open Source
12 21 (11.80%) SOA
13 17 (9.55%) BDD
14 16 (8.99%) OO
14 16 (8.99%) Web Development
15 15 (8.43%) Computer Science
15 15 (8.43%) MVC
15 15 (8.43%) User Stories
15 15 (8.43%) Web Application Development
Programming Languages
1 68 (38.20%) Java
2 44 (24.72%) SQL
3 42 (23.60%) JavaScript
4 38 (21.35%) Python
5 31 (17.42%) C#
6 21 (11.80%) Ruby
7 16 (8.99%) Scala
8 13 (7.30%) Go
9 12 (6.74%) Bash Shell
9 12 (6.74%) Groovy
9 12 (6.74%) TypeScript
10 10 (5.62%) Java 8
11 9 (5.06%) Kotlin
12 6 (3.37%) PHP
13 5 (2.81%) Perl
13 5 (2.81%) PowerShell
14 4 (2.25%) PL/SQL
15 3 (1.69%) Solidity
15 3 (1.69%) T-SQL
16 2 (1.12%) C++
Qualifications
1 25 (14.04%) Degree
2 14 (7.87%) Security Cleared
3 7 (3.93%) Computer Science Degree
3 7 (3.93%) SC Cleared
4 4 (2.25%) AWS Certification
4 4 (2.25%) RHCE
5 3 (1.69%) CHECK Team Member
5 3 (1.69%) ISEB
5 3 (1.69%) ISTQB
6 2 (1.12%) BC Cleared
7 1 (0.56%) CREST Certified
7 1 (0.56%) CTC Cleared
7 1 (0.56%) DV Cleared
7 1 (0.56%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
7 1 (0.56%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
7 1 (0.56%) MCP
7 1 (0.56%) OSCP
7 1 (0.56%) PMI Certification
7 1 (0.56%) PRINCE2 Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 20 (11.24%) QA
2 3 (1.69%) GDPR
3 2 (1.12%) Data Quality
3 2 (1.12%) PCI DSS
4 1 (0.56%) Basel III
4 1 (0.56%) IFRS
4 1 (0.56%) IFRS 9
4 1 (0.56%) SLA
System Software
1 41 (23.03%) Docker
2 5 (2.81%) Active Directory
3 1 (0.56%) Hyper-V
3 1 (0.56%) Varnish
3 1 (0.56%) VirtualBox
3 1 (0.56%) VMware Infrastructure
Systems Management
1 31 (17.42%) Kubernetes
2 14 (7.87%) Terraform
3 10 (5.62%) Ansible
4 6 (3.37%) Opscode Chef
5 5 (2.81%) Packer
6 4 (2.25%) Kibana
6 4 (2.25%) Prometheus
6 4 (2.25%) Puppet
6 4 (2.25%) Suricata
7 3 (1.69%) logstash
8 2 (1.12%) MIIS
8 2 (1.12%) Single Sign-On
9 1 (0.56%) Docker Swarm
9 1 (0.56%) Graphite
9 1 (0.56%) Host Intrusion Detection System
9 1 (0.56%) Network Intrusion Detection System
9 1 (0.56%) Salt
Vendors
1 24 (13.48%) Google
2 15 (8.43%) Microsoft
3 11 (6.18%) Atlassian
3 11 (6.18%) ServiceNow
4 7 (3.93%) Oracle
5 6 (3.37%) Red Hat
5 6 (3.37%) Splunk
6 5 (2.81%) New Relic
7 4 (2.25%) Informatica
7 4 (2.25%) Qualys
8 3 (1.69%) Criteo
8 3 (1.69%) Facebook
8 3 (1.69%) MuleSoft
8 3 (1.69%) Salesforce.com
8 3 (1.69%) WSO2
9 2 (1.12%) Bloomberg
9 2 (1.12%) IBM
9 2 (1.12%) Reuters
9 2 (1.12%) VMware
10 1 (0.56%) Greenplum