Period
to 18 February 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for Web Services skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Web Services over the 6 months to 18 February 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Web Services
Central London > City of London
6 months to
18 Feb 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 36 40 54
Rank change year-on-year +4 +14 -10
Contract jobs citing Web Services 366 336 251
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 5.22% 5.49% 3.72%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 13.68% 15.22% 11.70%
Number of daily rates quoted 298 289 196
City of London median daily rate £498 £500 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -0.50% +5.26% +5.56%
10th Percentile £408 £355 £319
90th Percentile £625 £614 £619
Central London median daily rate £500 £475 £450
% change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% +2.86%
Number of hourly rates quoted 4 0 0
City of London median hourly rate £21.50 - -
Central London median hourly rate £21.50 - -

Web Services is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
City of London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 2,675 2,207 2,145
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 38.17% 36.04% 31.79%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,290 1,871 1,799
City of London median daily rate £513 £488 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.13% +2.63% +5.56%
10th Percentile £363 £325 £313
90th Percentile £675 £650 £638
Central London median daily rate £500 £475 £450
% change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% +2.86%
Number of hourly rates quoted 9 1 9
City of London median hourly rate £21.50 £54.25 £37.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -60.37% +44.65% +30.73%
10th Percentile £21.15 £51.62 £19.95
90th Percentile £52.10 £56.87 £60.00
Central London median hourly rate £21.50 £54.25 £37.50
% change year-on-year -60.37% +44.65% +25.00%

Web Services
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing Web Services as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for Web Services in the City of London

Web Services
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Web Services in the City of London.

Contractor daily rate trend for Web Services in the City of London

Web Services
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Web Services in the City of London over the 6 months to 18 February 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Web Services in the City of London

Web Services
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Web Services in the City of London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Web Services in the City of London

Web Services
Contract Job Locations in the City of London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Web Services within the City of London region over the 6 months to 18 February 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London Bridge -3 1 £425 -5.56%
Moorgate - 1 - -
Web Services
Central London

For the 6 months to 18 February 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Web Services also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for Web Services.

1 207 (56.56%) Agile Software Development
2 198 (54.10%) Java
3 152 (41.53%) JavaScript
4 129 (35.25%) RESTful
5 117 (31.97%) Amazon AWS
5 117 (31.97%) TDD
5 117 (31.97%) REST
6 102 (27.87%) SOAP
7 92 (25.14%) Finance
8 89 (24.32%) SQL
9 85 (23.22%) MVC
10 81 (22.13%) C#
11 79 (21.58%) XML
12 77 (21.04%) HTML
13 74 (20.22%) .NET
14 72 (19.67%) React
15 71 (19.40%) Scrum
16 68 (18.58%) Git (software)
17 67 (18.31%) CSS
18 64 (17.49%) BDD
19 60 (16.39%) SQL Server
19 60 (16.39%) Banking
19 60 (16.39%) DevOps
19 60 (16.39%) Node.js
19 60 (16.39%) AngularJS
20 59 (16.12%) Spring
21 57 (15.57%) Continuous Integration
22 56 (15.30%) Jenkins
23 53 (14.48%) JSON
23 53 (14.48%) E-Commerce

Web Services
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 25 (6.83%) Apache
1 25 (6.83%) Tomcat
2 18 (4.92%) Elasticsearch
3 12 (3.28%) WebSphere
4 10 (2.73%) Cloud Foundry
5 7 (1.91%) SharePoint
6 6 (1.64%) Confluence
6 6 (1.64%) WebLogic
7 5 (1.37%) nginx
8 4 (1.09%) JBoss
9 3 (0.82%) CMS
10 2 (0.55%) Apache Solr
10 2 (0.55%) Apache Spark
10 2 (0.55%) IIS
10 2 (0.55%) IPython
10 2 (0.55%) Jetty
10 2 (0.55%) Jupyter
10 2 (0.55%) Oracle Service Bus
10 2 (0.55%) Oracle SOA Suite
10 2 (0.55%) WebSphere Application Server
Applications
1 10 (2.73%) Microsoft Excel
2 5 (1.37%) Adobe Creative Suite
2 5 (1.37%) OmniGraffle
3 3 (0.82%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 3 (0.82%) MS Visio
3 3 (0.82%) Photoshop
4 2 (0.55%) SPSS
5 1 (0.27%) Adobe After Effects
5 1 (0.27%) Adobe Illustrator
5 1 (0.27%) InVision
5 1 (0.27%) Microsoft Office
Business Applications
1 9 (2.46%) Payment Gateway
2 5 (1.37%) Dynamics CRM
3 1 (0.27%) Elite 3E
3 1 (0.27%) HFM
3 1 (0.27%) Radian6
3 1 (0.27%) Social Studio
Cloud Services
1 117 (31.97%) Amazon AWS
2 37 (10.11%) Microsoft Azure
3 12 (3.28%) PaaS
4 11 (3.01%) npm
4 11 (3.01%) SaaS
5 7 (1.91%) AWS CloudFormation
6 5 (1.37%) GitHub
6 5 (1.37%) Google Play
6 5 (1.37%) Office 365
6 5 (1.37%) Serverless
7 3 (0.82%) Amazon SQS
8 2 (0.55%) Adobe Analytics
8 2 (0.55%) Amazon CloudWatch
8 2 (0.55%) AWS CloudTrail
8 2 (0.55%) Google Cloud Platform
8 2 (0.55%) IaaS
8 2 (0.55%) Route 53
8 2 (0.55%) Salesforce Sales Cloud
8 2 (0.55%) Salesforce Service Cloud
8 2 (0.55%) Virtual Private Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 20 (5.46%) HTTP
2 10 (2.73%) Internet
3 6 (1.64%) DNS
4 5 (1.37%) SSL
4 5 (1.37%) VPLS
5 4 (1.09%) Firewall
5 4 (1.09%) IMAP
5 4 (1.09%) SMTP
5 4 (1.09%) TCP/IP
6 3 (0.82%) FTP
6 3 (0.82%) MPLS
7 2 (0.55%) Ethernet
7 2 (0.55%) Intranet
7 2 (0.55%) Network Security
7 2 (0.55%) snoop
7 2 (0.55%) Unified Communications
7 2 (0.55%) ZigBee
8 1 (0.27%) CTI
8 1 (0.27%) LAN
8 1 (0.27%) VoIP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 60 (16.39%) SQL Server
2 31 (8.47%) MongoDB
3 28 (7.65%) NoSQL
4 21 (5.74%) Relational Database
5 20 (5.46%) MySQL
6 12 (3.28%) SQL Server 2008
7 10 (2.73%) Apache Cassandra
7 10 (2.73%) PostgreSQL
7 10 (2.73%) Redis
7 10 (2.73%) SQL Server Reporting Services
8 9 (2.46%) Amazon DynamoDB
8 9 (2.46%) RDBMS
9 8 (2.19%) Big Data
10 7 (1.91%) SQL Server 2012
11 6 (1.64%) Neo4j
11 6 (1.64%) SQL Server Integration Services
12 5 (1.37%) JanusGraph
12 5 (1.37%) SQL Server 2016
12 5 (1.37%) SQL Server Analysis Services
13 4 (1.09%) Power BI
Development Applications
1 68 (18.58%) Git (software)
2 56 (15.30%) Jenkins
3 33 (9.02%) JUnit
3 33 (9.02%) Maven
4 26 (7.10%) TeamCity
5 22 (6.01%) webpack
6 21 (5.74%) TestNG
7 20 (5.46%) Selenium
8 17 (4.64%) Grunt
8 17 (4.64%) gulp
9 16 (4.37%) Cucumber
9 16 (4.37%) JIRA
9 16 (4.37%) Visual Studio
10 15 (4.10%) Team Foundation Server
11 14 (3.83%) Gradle
11 14 (3.83%) Jasmine
11 14 (3.83%) SonarQube
12 12 (3.28%) Sonatype Nexus
12 12 (3.28%) Subversion
13 11 (3.01%) Babel
General
1 92 (25.14%) Finance
2 60 (16.39%) Banking
3 15 (4.10%) Legal
3 15 (4.10%) Retail
4 13 (3.55%) Financial Institution
5 12 (3.28%) Investment Banking
6 10 (2.73%) Front Office
7 6 (1.64%) Retail Banking
8 5 (1.37%) Advertising
8 5 (1.37%) Law
8 5 (1.37%) Marketing
8 5 (1.37%) Publishing
9 4 (1.09%) Games
10 3 (0.82%) Retail Finance
10 3 (0.82%) Telecoms
11 2 (0.55%) Back Office
12 1 (0.27%) Prime Brokerage
12 1 (0.27%) Wholesale Banking
Job Titles
1 241 (65.85%) Developer
2 90 (24.59%) Java Developer
3 33 (9.02%) .NET Developer
4 32 (8.74%) Full Stack Developer
5 30 (8.20%) DevOps Engineer
6 28 (7.65%) Senior Developer
7 27 (7.38%) C# Developer
8 22 (6.01%) Java Web Developer
8 22 (6.01%) Web Developer
9 21 (5.74%) E-Commerce Developer
9 21 (5.74%) Java E-Commerce Developer
10 20 (5.46%) Cloud Developer
11 19 (5.19%) E-Commerce Web Developer
12 18 (4.92%) Java Engineer
12 18 (4.92%) JavaScript Developer
12 18 (4.92%) Senior Java Developer
13 17 (4.64%) C# .NET Developer
14 16 (4.37%) Architect
14 16 (4.37%) React Developer
15 15 (4.10%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 129 (35.25%) RESTful
2 117 (31.97%) REST
3 102 (27.87%) SOAP
4 79 (21.58%) XML
5 77 (21.04%) HTML
6 74 (20.22%) .NET
7 72 (19.67%) React
8 67 (18.31%) CSS
9 60 (16.39%) AngularJS
9 60 (16.39%) Node.js
10 59 (16.12%) Spring
11 53 (14.48%) JSON
12 42 (11.48%) HTML5
13 34 (9.29%) ASP.NET Web API
14 33 (9.02%) Redux
15 32 (8.74%) Hibernate
16 31 (8.47%) ASP.NET
17 29 (7.92%) Dropwizard
17 29 (7.92%) WCF
18 27 (7.38%) J2EE
Miscellaneous
1 26 (7.10%) Data Structures
2 23 (6.28%) User Experience
3 22 (6.01%) Greenfield Project
3 22 (6.01%) Mobile App
4 19 (5.19%) Analytical Skills
5 16 (4.37%) Algorithms
6 15 (4.10%) iPad
7 11 (3.01%) Hedge funds
8 10 (2.73%) Fintech
9 9 (2.46%) Computer Science
10 8 (2.19%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
11 7 (1.91%) RIA
11 7 (1.91%) Virtual Team
12 6 (1.64%) PKI
13 5 (1.37%) Public Cloud
14 4 (1.09%) N-Tier
15 3 (0.82%) Enterprise Software
15 3 (0.82%) Mainframe
15 3 (0.82%) Wiki
16 2 (0.55%) Enterprise Cloud
Operating Systems
1 49 (13.39%) Linux
2 32 (8.74%) Windows
3 25 (6.83%) Unix
4 7 (1.91%) Android
4 7 (1.91%) Apple iOS
5 4 (1.09%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 4 (1.09%) Windows Server
5 4 (1.09%) Windows Server 2012
6 3 (0.82%) CentOS
6 3 (0.82%) Debian
6 3 (0.82%) Ubuntu
6 3 (0.82%) Windows Server 2008
7 2 (0.55%) Solaris
8 1 (0.27%) CoreOS
8 1 (0.27%) Fedora
8 1 (0.27%) HPUX
8 1 (0.27%) Windows 7
Processes & Methodologies
1 207 (56.56%) Agile Software Development
2 117 (31.97%) TDD
3 85 (23.22%) MVC
4 71 (19.40%) Scrum
5 64 (17.49%) BDD
6 60 (16.39%) DevOps
7 57 (15.57%) Continuous Integration
8 53 (14.48%) E-Commerce
9 50 (13.66%) SOA
10 48 (13.11%) Web Development
11 42 (11.48%) SDLC
11 42 (11.48%) Software Engineering
11 42 (11.48%) Test Automation
12 35 (9.56%) Unit Testing
13 34 (9.29%) Microservices
14 32 (8.74%) OO
15 30 (8.20%) Front End Development
16 29 (7.92%) OOD
17 27 (7.38%) Open Source
18 26 (7.10%) OOP
Programming Languages
1 198 (54.10%) Java
2 152 (41.53%) JavaScript
3 89 (24.32%) SQL
4 81 (22.13%) C#
5 47 (12.84%) Python
6 31 (8.47%) Bash Shell
7 30 (8.20%) Groovy
8 26 (7.10%) Ruby
9 23 (6.28%) ES6
10 22 (6.01%) XPath
11 16 (4.37%) TypeScript
12 15 (4.10%) Scala
13 14 (3.83%) C++
14 13 (3.55%) T-SQL
15 11 (3.01%) Shell Script
16 7 (1.91%) BeanShell
17 6 (1.64%) Go
17 6 (1.64%) Objective-C
18 5 (1.37%) Apple Swift
18 5 (1.37%) GraphQL
Qualifications
1 19 (5.19%) Degree
2 8 (2.19%) Master's Degree
2 8 (2.19%) SC Cleared
2 8 (2.19%) Security Cleared
3 5 (1.37%) Computer Science Degree
4 4 (1.09%) MCP
4 4 (1.09%) Microsoft Certification
5 3 (0.82%) AWS Certification
5 3 (0.82%) MCPD
6 2 (0.55%) Siebel Certification
7 1 (0.27%) CEH
7 1 (0.27%) CHECK Team Member
7 1 (0.27%) CISSP
7 1 (0.27%) Citrix Certification
7 1 (0.27%) ISTQB
7 1 (0.27%) ITIL Certification
7 1 (0.27%) MCITP
7 1 (0.27%) MCSA
7 1 (0.27%) MCSE
7 1 (0.27%) OSCP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 21 (5.74%) QA
2 6 (1.64%) MiFID
3 3 (0.82%) Sarbanes-Oxley
4 2 (0.55%) ISO 20022
4 2 (0.55%) ISO 8583
5 1 (0.27%) COBIT
5 1 (0.27%) Data Quality
5 1 (0.27%) GDPR
5 1 (0.27%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 1 (0.27%) Solvency II
System Software
1 45 (12.30%) Docker
2 11 (3.01%) Active Directory
3 5 (1.37%) Apache ZooKeeper
4 3 (0.82%) etcd
4 3 (0.82%) Varnish
4 3 (0.82%) VirtualBox
4 3 (0.82%) VMware Infrastructure
5 2 (0.55%) Apache Flume
5 2 (0.55%) Firmware
5 2 (0.55%) Virtual Machines
6 1 (0.27%) Shibboleth
6 1 (0.27%) vSphere
6 1 (0.27%) XenApp
Systems Management
1 31 (8.47%) Ansible
2 19 (5.19%) Opscode Chef
3 14 (3.83%) Kubernetes
3 14 (3.83%) Puppet
4 11 (3.01%) Terraform
5 10 (2.73%) Single Sign-On
6 4 (1.09%) Kibana
7 3 (0.82%) Consul
7 3 (0.82%) Docker Swarm
7 3 (0.82%) logstash
8 2 (0.55%) Grafana
8 2 (0.55%) HAProxy
8 2 (0.55%) Nagios
8 2 (0.55%) Packer
9 1 (0.27%) CA Service Virtualization
9 1 (0.27%) Marathon
9 1 (0.27%) Matomo
9 1 (0.27%) Mesos
9 1 (0.27%) Rancher
9 1 (0.27%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
Vendors
1 43 (11.75%) Microsoft
2 20 (5.46%) Oracle
2 20 (5.46%) ServiceNow
3 13 (3.55%) Apigee
4 11 (3.01%) IBM
5 10 (2.73%) Red Hat
5 10 (2.73%) Salesforce.com
6 9 (2.46%) Google
6 9 (2.46%) New Relic
7 7 (1.91%) Adobe
8 6 (1.64%) VMware
9 5 (1.37%) Apple
10 4 (1.09%) Citrix
10 4 (1.09%) Sybase
11 3 (0.82%) Atlassian
11 3 (0.82%) Pardot
11 3 (0.82%) TSYS
12 2 (0.55%) Alteryx
12 2 (0.55%) RedGate
12 2 (0.55%) Splunk