Period
to 3 April 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for Web Services skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Web Services over the 6 months to 3 April 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Web Services
Central London > City of London
6 months to
3 Apr 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 59 80 43
Rank change year-on-year +21 -37 -5
Contract jobs citing Web Services 147 218 367
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the City of London 3.53% 3.22% 5.17%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 10.18% 8.54% 13.63%
Number of daily rates quoted 116 150 287
Median daily rate £500 £525 £498
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -4.76% +5.53% +2.05%
10th Percentile £377 £387 £413
90th Percentile £663 £639 £613
Central London median daily rate £500 £525 £500
% change year-on-year -4.76% +5.00% +5.26%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2 0 7
Median hourly rate £35.00 - £21.50
Central London median hourly rate £35.00 - £21.50

Web Services is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
City of London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 1,444 2,552 2,692
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 34.63% 37.73% 37.93%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,135 2,063 2,273
Median daily rate £525 £525 £520
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +0.96% +8.33%
10th Percentile £385 £409 £363
90th Percentile £675 £675 £675
Central London median daily rate £525 £525 £500
% change year-on-year - +5.00% +5.26%
Number of hourly rates quoted 9 8 13
Median hourly rate £35.00 £35.00 £21.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - +62.79% -30.42%
10th Percentile £24.50 £17.15 £21.25
90th Percentile £62.00 £83.28 £63.65
Median hourly rate £35.00 £35.00 £21.50
% change year-on-year - +62.79% -30.42%

Web Services
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing Web Services as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for Web Services in the City of London

Web Services
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Web Services in the City of London.

Daily rate trend for Web Services in the City of London

Web Services
Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Web Services in the City of London over the 6 months to 3 April 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Web Services in the City of London

Web Services
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Web Services in the City of London.

Hourly rate trend for Web Services in the City of London

Web Services
Contract Job Locations in the City of London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Web Services within the City of London region over the 6 months to 3 April 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London Bridge +31 3 £450 -14.29%
Web Services
Central London

For the 6 months to 3 April 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Web Services also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for Web Services.

1 73 (49.66%) Agile Software Development
2 50 (34.01%) Java
3 44 (29.93%) RESTful
4 40 (27.21%) DevOps
4 40 (27.21%) Scrum
5 38 (25.85%) AWS
6 37 (25.17%) REST
7 35 (23.81%) XML
8 32 (21.77%) Azure
9 29 (19.73%) Microservices
9 29 (19.73%) HTML
10 28 (19.05%) C#
10 28 (19.05%) SQL
10 28 (19.05%) JavaScript
11 27 (18.37%) Python
11 27 (18.37%) Docker
11 27 (18.37%) Git (software)
12 26 (17.69%) .NET
12 26 (17.69%) Finance
12 26 (17.69%) TDD
13 25 (17.01%) Linux
13 25 (17.01%) SDLC
14 24 (16.33%) Continuous Integration
15 23 (15.65%) CSS
16 22 (14.97%) Kubernetes
16 22 (14.97%) AngularJS
17 21 (14.29%) Test Automation
17 21 (14.29%) NoSQL
17 21 (14.29%) Degree
17 21 (14.29%) JIRA

Web Services
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 14 (9.52%) Confluence
2 9 (6.12%) Elasticsearch
3 8 (5.44%) Apache Spark
4 6 (4.08%) CMS
4 6 (4.08%) WebLogic
4 6 (4.08%) WebSphere
5 5 (3.40%) Apache
5 5 (3.40%) Jupyter
5 5 (3.40%) nginx
6 4 (2.72%) Tomcat
7 3 (2.04%) Ethereum
7 3 (2.04%) IIS
8 2 (1.36%) Anypoint
8 2 (1.36%) Mule
8 2 (1.36%) Mule ESB
8 2 (1.36%) SAS
8 2 (1.36%) Umbraco
9 1 (0.68%) Apache Solr
9 1 (0.68%) OpenStack
9 1 (0.68%) Oracle SOA Suite
Applications
1 3 (2.04%) Microsoft Office
1 3 (2.04%) Zeplin
2 1 (0.68%) Microsoft Excel
Business Applications
1 4 (2.72%) Dynamics CRM
2 1 (0.68%) Dynamics AX
2 1 (0.68%) Dynamics NAV
2 1 (0.68%) Magento
2 1 (0.68%) Salesforce.com CRM
Cloud Services
1 38 (25.85%) AWS
2 32 (21.77%) Azure
3 14 (9.52%) GCP
4 13 (8.84%) GitHub
5 8 (5.44%) SaaS
6 6 (4.08%) Amazon S3
6 6 (4.08%) Cloud Computing
6 6 (4.08%) PaaS
7 4 (2.72%) Amazon EC2
7 4 (2.72%) AWS Lambda
7 4 (2.72%) Dynamics 365
7 4 (2.72%) OpenShift
7 4 (2.72%) Serverless
8 3 (2.04%) Azure ExpressRoute
8 3 (2.04%) Azure Stack
8 3 (2.04%) iPaaS
8 3 (2.04%) Tricentis Tosca
9 2 (1.36%) AWS CloudFormation
9 2 (1.36%) Azure Active Directory
9 2 (1.36%) Firebase
Communications & Networking
1 8 (5.44%) HTTP
2 4 (2.72%) VPN
3 2 (1.36%) Firewall
4 1 (0.68%) DMZ
4 1 (0.68%) DNS
4 1 (0.68%) FTP
4 1 (0.68%) Internet
4 1 (0.68%) SSL
4 1 (0.68%) TCP/IP
4 1 (0.68%) WAN
4 1 (0.68%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 21 (14.29%) NoSQL
2 15 (10.20%) SQL Server
3 14 (9.52%) MySQL
4 13 (8.84%) Relational Database
5 11 (7.48%) Big Data
5 11 (7.48%) MongoDB
6 9 (6.12%) PostgreSQL
7 8 (5.44%) RDBMS
8 6 (4.08%) Azure SQL Database
9 4 (2.72%) Blockchain
9 4 (2.72%) Data Warehouse
9 4 (2.72%) Redis
10 2 (1.36%) Amazon Aurora
10 2 (1.36%) Amazon DynamoDB
10 2 (1.36%) Amazon RDS
10 2 (1.36%) Apache Cassandra
10 2 (1.36%) DB2
10 2 (1.36%) Hadoop
10 2 (1.36%) Neo4j
10 2 (1.36%) Parquet
Development Applications
1 27 (18.37%) Git (software)
2 21 (14.29%) JIRA
3 18 (12.24%) Maven
4 17 (11.56%) Jenkins
5 12 (8.16%) JUnit
5 12 (8.16%) Mockito
6 10 (6.80%) Gradle
7 7 (4.76%) JMeter
8 6 (4.08%) Ant
8 6 (4.08%) git-flow
8 6 (4.08%) SpecFlow
8 6 (4.08%) TeamCity
9 5 (3.40%) Selenium
9 5 (3.40%) Travis CI
10 4 (2.72%) Bitbucket
10 4 (2.72%) Visual Studio
11 3 (2.04%) Cucumber
11 3 (2.04%) Cypress.io
11 3 (2.04%) RSpec
11 3 (2.04%) Team Foundation Server
General
1 26 (17.69%) Finance
2 14 (9.52%) Banking
3 7 (4.76%) Back Office
3 7 (4.76%) Publishing
4 5 (3.40%) Front Office
4 5 (3.40%) Investment Banking
5 4 (2.72%) Public Sector
6 3 (2.04%) Retail
7 2 (1.36%) Housing Association
7 2 (1.36%) Legal
8 1 (0.68%) Advertising
8 1 (0.68%) Marketing
Job Titles
1 79 (53.74%) Developer
2 21 (14.29%) Architect
3 19 (12.93%) Java Developer
4 15 (10.20%) C# Developer
5 11 (7.48%) Azure Developer
5 11 (7.48%) DevOps Engineer
6 9 (6.12%) .NET Developer
6 9 (6.12%) Solutions Architect
7 8 (5.44%) Senior Developer
8 7 (4.76%) Data Architect
9 6 (4.08%) Analyst
9 6 (4.08%) Backend Developer
9 6 (4.08%) React Developer
10 5 (3.40%) AWS Engineer
10 5 (3.40%) Python Developer
10 5 (3.40%) Ruby on Rails Developer
11 4 (2.72%) Azure Architect
11 4 (2.72%) Cloud Engineer
11 4 (2.72%) DevOps Developer
12 3 (2.04%) .NET Developer - Fintech
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 44 (29.93%) RESTful
2 37 (25.17%) REST
3 35 (23.81%) XML
4 29 (19.73%) HTML
5 26 (17.69%) .NET
6 23 (15.65%) CSS
7 22 (14.97%) AngularJS
8 21 (14.29%) Spring
9 18 (12.24%) JSON
9 18 (12.24%) SOAP
10 16 (10.88%) React
11 14 (9.52%) Node.js
12 11 (7.48%) HTML5
13 10 (6.80%) Spring Boot
14 9 (6.12%) Middleware
15 8 (5.44%) J2EE
15 8 (5.44%) OAuth
15 8 (5.44%) RxJava
16 7 (4.76%) Kafka
16 7 (4.76%) OAuth2
Miscellaneous
1 15 (10.20%) Analytical Skills
1 15 (10.20%) User Experience
2 10 (6.80%) Greenfield Project
3 9 (6.12%) Mobile App
4 8 (5.44%) Enterprise Software
5 7 (4.76%) Hedge funds
6 6 (4.08%) Data Structures
6 6 (4.08%) Mobile Payment
7 4 (2.72%) Data Centre
7 4 (2.72%) Management Information System
8 3 (2.04%) Public Cloud
9 2 (1.36%) BYOD
9 2 (1.36%) Cloud Native
9 2 (1.36%) Credit Risk
9 2 (1.36%) iPad
9 2 (1.36%) Market Risk
9 2 (1.36%) Self-Motivation
9 2 (1.36%) Social Media
10 1 (0.68%) PMI
10 1 (0.68%) Tandem
Operating Systems
1 25 (17.01%) Linux
2 10 (6.80%) Unix
3 7 (4.76%) Windows
4 2 (1.36%) Android
5 1 (0.68%) Debian
Processes & Methodologies
1 73 (49.66%) Agile Software Development
2 40 (27.21%) DevOps
2 40 (27.21%) Scrum
3 29 (19.73%) Microservices
4 26 (17.69%) TDD
5 25 (17.01%) SDLC
6 24 (16.33%) Continuous Integration
7 21 (14.29%) Test Automation
8 17 (11.56%) Open Source
9 16 (10.88%) SOA
10 15 (10.20%) Multithreading
10 15 (10.20%) Unit Testing
11 14 (9.52%) BDD
11 14 (9.52%) Kanban
12 12 (8.16%) OO
12 12 (8.16%) Software Engineering
13 11 (7.48%) Data Modelling
13 11 (7.48%) ETL
13 11 (7.48%) User Stories
13 11 (7.48%) Web Development
Programming Languages
1 50 (34.01%) Java
2 28 (19.05%) C#
2 28 (19.05%) JavaScript
2 28 (19.05%) SQL
3 27 (18.37%) Python
4 13 (8.84%) Ruby
5 12 (8.16%) Java 8
6 10 (6.80%) Groovy
7 9 (6.12%) TypeScript
8 8 (5.44%) Kotlin
9 6 (4.08%) Go
9 6 (4.08%) Scala
10 5 (3.40%) PowerShell
11 4 (2.72%) PHP
11 4 (2.72%) T-SQL
12 3 (2.04%) Solidity
13 2 (1.36%) Bash Shell
13 2 (1.36%) C++
13 2 (1.36%) VB
13 2 (1.36%) VB.NET
Qualifications
1 21 (14.29%) Degree
2 11 (7.48%) Security Cleared
3 9 (6.12%) SC Cleared
4 6 (4.08%) Computer Science Degree
5 3 (2.04%) CHECK Team Member
6 2 (1.36%) BC Cleared
6 2 (1.36%) CTC Cleared
6 2 (1.36%) ISEB
6 2 (1.36%) ISTQB
7 1 (0.68%) AWS Certification
7 1 (0.68%) CISSP
7 1 (0.68%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
7 1 (0.68%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
7 1 (0.68%) MCP
7 1 (0.68%) PMI Certification
7 1 (0.68%) PRINCE2 Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 14 (9.52%) QA
2 1 (0.68%) Basel III
2 1 (0.68%) Data Quality
2 1 (0.68%) IFRS
2 1 (0.68%) IFRS 9
2 1 (0.68%) MiFID
System Software
1 27 (18.37%) Docker
2 7 (4.76%) Active Directory
3 1 (0.68%) Hyper-V
3 1 (0.68%) Varnish
3 1 (0.68%) VMware Infrastructure
Systems Management
1 22 (14.97%) Kubernetes
2 8 (5.44%) Terraform
3 7 (4.76%) Ansible
4 4 (2.72%) logstash
5 2 (1.36%) MIIS
5 2 (1.36%) Packer
6 1 (0.68%) FortiGate
6 1 (0.68%) Graphite
6 1 (0.68%) Kibana
6 1 (0.68%) Prometheus
6 1 (0.68%) Puppet
6 1 (0.68%) Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 17 (11.56%) Google
2 12 (8.16%) Microsoft
3 9 (6.12%) Atlassian
4 7 (4.76%) Alteryx
4 7 (4.76%) Informatica
5 6 (4.08%) Oracle
6 4 (2.72%) Cadence
7 3 (2.04%) MuleSoft
7 3 (2.04%) ServiceNow
7 3 (2.04%) Splunk
8 2 (1.36%) MapR
8 2 (1.36%) Salesforce.com
8 2 (1.36%) SAP
9 1 (0.68%) Facebook
9 1 (0.68%) Greenplum
9 1 (0.68%) IBM
9 1 (0.68%) PayPal
9 1 (0.68%) Red Hat
9 1 (0.68%) Sitecore
9 1 (0.68%) VMware