Period
to 24 September 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for Web Services skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Web Services over the 6 months to 24 September 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Web Services
Central London > City of London
6 months to
24 Sep 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 61 65 55
Rank change year-on-year +4 -10 -16
Contract jobs citing Web Services 57 231 277
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the City of London 3.20% 3.69% 4.00%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 10.65% 10.46% 9.88%
Number of daily rates quoted 55 175 231
Median daily rate £550 £538 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.33% +7.50% -
10th Percentile £443 £368 £406
90th Percentile £683 £675 £625
Central London median daily rate £550 £538 £500
% change year-on-year +2.33% +7.50% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 1 0 2
Median hourly rate £35.00 - £32.00
Central London median hourly rate £35.00 - £32.00

Web Services is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
City of London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 535 2,208 2,804
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 30.02% 35.30% 40.50%
Number of daily rates quoted 398 1,792 2,330
Median daily rate £525 £532 £525
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -1.36% +1.38% +5.00%
10th Percentile £368 £406 £380
90th Percentile £688 £675 £675
Central London median daily rate £525 £525 £525
Number of hourly rates quoted 7 8 8
Median hourly rate £35.00 £46.85 £32.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -25.29% +46.40% +31.36%
10th Percentile £29.05 £21.95 £19.14
90th Percentile £43.10 £86.25 £73.98
Median hourly rate £35.00 £46.85 £32.00
% change year-on-year -25.29% +46.40% +48.84%

Web Services
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing Web Services as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for Web Services in the City of London

Web Services
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Web Services in the City of London.

Daily rate trend for Web Services in the City of London

Web Services
Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Web Services in the City of London over the 6 months to 24 September 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Web Services in the City of London

Web Services
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Web Services in the City of London.

Hourly rate trend for Web Services in the City of London

For the 6 months to 24 September 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Web Services also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for Web Services.

1 25 (43.86%) Java
2 23 (40.35%) Agile Software Development
3 21 (36.84%) AWS
4 19 (33.33%) Docker
5 18 (31.58%) Azure
5 18 (31.58%) JavaScript
6 17 (29.82%) REST
6 17 (29.82%) DevOps
7 16 (28.07%) Microservices
7 16 (28.07%) Jenkins
7 16 (28.07%) Linux
8 15 (26.32%) TDD
9 14 (24.56%) CSS
9 14 (24.56%) Oracle
10 13 (22.81%) SQL
11 12 (21.05%) HTML
11 12 (21.05%) Unix
11 12 (21.05%) Python
11 12 (21.05%) AngularJS
11 12 (21.05%) Kubernetes
12 11 (19.30%) Finance
12 11 (19.30%) Scrum
12 11 (19.30%) Maven
12 11 (19.30%) Software Engineering
12 11 (19.30%) Git (software)
12 11 (19.30%) Security Cleared
13 10 (17.54%) Spring
13 10 (17.54%) MVC
13 10 (17.54%) OO
13 10 (17.54%) XML

Web Services
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 6 (10.53%) Confluence
2 3 (5.26%) Elasticsearch
2 3 (5.26%) JBoss
2 3 (5.26%) Oracle SOA Suite
2 3 (5.26%) WebLogic
3 2 (3.51%) Apache
3 2 (3.51%) Exchange Server 2010
3 2 (3.51%) IIS
3 2 (3.51%) MS Exchange
3 2 (3.51%) Red Hat Fuse
3 2 (3.51%) Skype for Business
4 1 (1.75%) Apache Spark
4 1 (1.75%) Appian
4 1 (1.75%) BizTalk Server
4 1 (1.75%) Oracle Workflow
4 1 (1.75%) SharePoint
4 1 (1.75%) Tomcat
Applications
1 4 (7.02%) Microsoft Office
2 1 (1.75%) Microsoft Excel
2 1 (1.75%) RoboHelp
Business Applications
1 2 (3.51%) Dynamics CRM
2 1 (1.75%) Dynamics AX
2 1 (1.75%) Dynamics NAV
2 1 (1.75%) Oracle ERP
2 1 (1.75%) Siebel CRM
Cloud Services
1 21 (36.84%) AWS
2 18 (31.58%) Azure
3 3 (5.26%) GCP
3 3 (5.26%) Office 365
3 3 (5.26%) OpenShift
4 2 (3.51%) Apigee
4 2 (3.51%) Azure ExpressRoute
4 2 (3.51%) Azure Stack
4 2 (3.51%) GitHub
4 2 (3.51%) IBM Cloud
4 2 (3.51%) iPaaS
4 2 (3.51%) Power Platform
4 2 (3.51%) SaaS
5 1 (1.75%) Amazon EC2
5 1 (1.75%) Amazon ECS
5 1 (1.75%) Amazon S3
5 1 (1.75%) Cloud Computing
5 1 (1.75%) Dynamics 365
5 1 (1.75%) Force.com
5 1 (1.75%) PaaS
Communications & Networking
1 3 (5.26%) VPN
2 2 (3.51%) AMQP
2 2 (3.51%) Firewall
2 2 (3.51%) HTTP
2 2 (3.51%) Intranet
3 1 (1.75%) DMZ
3 1 (1.75%) Internet
3 1 (1.75%) TCP/IP
3 1 (1.75%) WAN
3 1 (1.75%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 7 (12.28%) NoSQL
2 6 (10.53%) MongoDB
2 6 (10.53%) Oracle Database
2 6 (10.53%) PostgreSQL
2 6 (10.53%) Relational Database
3 5 (8.77%) SQL Server
4 4 (7.02%) MySQL
5 3 (5.26%) Data Warehouse
5 3 (5.26%) Oracle Database 11g
6 2 (3.51%) Big Data
6 2 (3.51%) HBase
6 2 (3.51%) Power BI
7 1 (1.75%) Amazon Redshift
7 1 (1.75%) Apache Cassandra
7 1 (1.75%) Couchbase
7 1 (1.75%) Flink
7 1 (1.75%) Hadoop
7 1 (1.75%) Oracle ODI
7 1 (1.75%) Redis
7 1 (1.75%) SQL Server Analysis Services
Development Applications
1 16 (28.07%) Jenkins
2 11 (19.30%) Git (software)
2 11 (19.30%) Maven
3 6 (10.53%) JIRA
4 5 (8.77%) Gradle
5 4 (7.02%) JUnit
6 3 (5.26%) Atlassian Bamboo
6 3 (5.26%) Bitbucket
6 3 (5.26%) Eclipse
7 2 (3.51%) FishEye
7 2 (3.51%) Hudson
7 2 (3.51%) jMock
7 2 (3.51%) Mockito
7 2 (3.51%) Subversion
7 2 (3.51%) Team Foundation Server
7 2 (3.51%) Toad
8 1 (1.75%) HP UFT
8 1 (1.75%) Jasmine
8 1 (1.75%) PhantomJS
8 1 (1.75%) Visual Studio Team System
General
1 11 (19.30%) Finance
2 6 (10.53%) Banking
3 4 (7.02%) Front Office
4 3 (5.26%) French Language
4 3 (5.26%) Investment Banking
4 3 (5.26%) Law
5 2 (3.51%) International Banking
5 2 (3.51%) Police
6 1 (1.75%) Billing
Job Titles
1 34 (59.65%) Developer
2 10 (17.54%) Backend Developer
3 7 (12.28%) PHP Developer
4 6 (10.53%) Java Developer
5 4 (7.02%) Analyst
5 4 (7.02%) Data Engineer
5 4 (7.02%) Java Engineer
5 4 (7.02%) Senior Developer
6 3 (5.26%) Architect
6 3 (5.26%) Cloud Engineer
6 3 (5.26%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
6 3 (5.26%) React Developer
6 3 (5.26%) SQL Developer
7 2 (3.51%) Administrator
7 2 (3.51%) DBA
7 2 (3.51%) DevOps Engineer
7 2 (3.51%) PL/SQL Developer
7 2 (3.51%) Senior Software Developer
7 2 (3.51%) Software Developer
7 2 (3.51%) Solutions Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 17 (29.82%) REST
2 14 (24.56%) CSS
3 12 (21.05%) AngularJS
3 12 (21.05%) HTML
4 10 (17.54%) Spring
4 10 (17.54%) XML
5 9 (15.79%) Kafka
5 9 (15.79%) Spring Boot
6 8 (14.04%) HTML5
6 8 (14.04%) Sass
7 7 (12.28%) CSS3
7 7 (12.28%) Java EE
7 7 (12.28%) Laravel
7 7 (12.28%) LESS
7 7 (12.28%) Middleware
7 7 (12.28%) Vue.js
7 7 (12.28%) Vuetify.js
8 5 (8.77%) JMS
8 5 (8.77%) React
8 5 (8.77%) RESTful
Miscellaneous
1 8 (14.04%) Analytical Skills
2 6 (10.53%) Fixed Income
3 3 (5.26%) Private Cloud
4 2 (3.51%) Blackberry
4 2 (3.51%) Blog
4 2 (3.51%) BYOD
4 2 (3.51%) Cloud Native
4 2 (3.51%) iPad
4 2 (3.51%) iPhone
5 1 (1.75%) CMDB
5 1 (1.75%) Data Centre
5 1 (1.75%) Data Structures
5 1 (1.75%) Derivative
5 1 (1.75%) Equities
5 1 (1.75%) Grid Computing
5 1 (1.75%) Hybrid Cloud
5 1 (1.75%) Management Information System
5 1 (1.75%) Security Operations Centre
5 1 (1.75%) Self-Motivation
5 1 (1.75%) User Experience
Operating Systems
1 16 (28.07%) Linux
2 12 (21.05%) Unix
3 6 (10.53%) Windows
Processes & Methodologies
1 23 (40.35%) Agile Software Development
2 17 (29.82%) DevOps
3 16 (28.07%) Microservices
4 15 (26.32%) TDD
5 11 (19.30%) Scrum
5 11 (19.30%) Software Engineering
6 10 (17.54%) MVC
6 10 (17.54%) OO
7 7 (12.28%) BDD
7 7 (12.28%) SOA
8 6 (10.53%) Data Architecture
8 6 (10.53%) SDLC
9 5 (8.77%) Analytics
9 5 (8.77%) Continuous Integration
9 5 (8.77%) Migration
9 5 (8.77%) OOP
9 5 (8.77%) Test Automation
9 5 (8.77%) UML
9 5 (8.77%) Unit Testing
10 4 (7.02%) Validation
Programming Languages
1 25 (43.86%) Java
2 18 (31.58%) JavaScript
3 13 (22.81%) SQL
4 12 (21.05%) Python
5 7 (12.28%) C#
5 7 (12.28%) Java 8
5 7 (12.28%) PHP
6 5 (8.77%) C++
7 4 (7.02%) Perl
7 4 (7.02%) PL/SQL
7 4 (7.02%) TypeScript
8 3 (5.26%) PowerShell
9 2 (3.51%) C
9 2 (3.51%) Ruby
9 2 (3.51%) T-SQL
9 2 (3.51%) VB
10 1 (1.75%) Apex Code
10 1 (1.75%) Groovy
10 1 (1.75%) Scala
10 1 (1.75%) VBA
Qualifications
1 11 (19.30%) Security Cleared
2 9 (15.79%) SC Cleared
3 4 (7.02%) DV Cleared
4 3 (5.26%) Degree
5 2 (3.51%) Computer Science Degree
5 2 (3.51%) MCSA
5 2 (3.51%) MCSE
5 2 (3.51%) Microsoft Certification
6 1 (1.75%) CISSP
6 1 (1.75%) ISEB
6 1 (1.75%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 1 (1.75%) QA
1 1 (1.75%) SLA
System Software
1 19 (33.33%) Docker
2 3 (5.26%) Active Directory
Systems Management
1 12 (21.05%) Kubernetes
2 5 (8.77%) Terraform
3 4 (7.02%) logstash
4 3 (5.26%) Kibana
5 1 (1.75%) Ansible
5 1 (1.75%) FortiGate
5 1 (1.75%) HP Quality Center
5 1 (1.75%) Opscode Chef
5 1 (1.75%) Packer
5 1 (1.75%) Puppet
5 1 (1.75%) Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 14 (24.56%) Oracle
2 5 (8.77%) Microsoft
3 4 (7.02%) Atlassian
4 3 (5.26%) Remedy
5 2 (3.51%) Alteryx
5 2 (3.51%) IBM
5 2 (3.51%) Informatica
5 2 (3.51%) MuleSoft
5 2 (3.51%) Murex
5 2 (3.51%) Sybase
5 2 (3.51%) WSO2
6 1 (1.75%) Cloudera
6 1 (1.75%) Cognos
6 1 (1.75%) Nintex
6 1 (1.75%) Red Hat
6 1 (1.75%) SAP
6 1 (1.75%) ServiceNow
6 1 (1.75%) Siebel
6 1 (1.75%) Splunk
6 1 (1.75%) Tableau