Period
to 18 October 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for Web Services skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Web Services over the 6 months to 18 October 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Web Services
Central London > City of London
6 months to
18 Oct 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 70 35 34
Rank change year-on-year -35 -1 +6
Contract jobs citing Web Services 257 366 387
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 3.67% 5.34% 5.79%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 9.12% 13.97% 16.34%
Number of daily rates quoted 213 289 337
City of London median daily rate £500 £500 £500
10th Percentile £401 £406 £351
90th Percentile £610 £625 £590
Central London median daily rate £500 £500 £488
% change year-on-year - +2.56% +8.33%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2 0 0
City of London median hourly rate £32.00 - -
Central London median hourly rate £32.00 - -

Web Services is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
City of London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 2,818 2,620 2,369
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 40.20% 38.22% 35.46%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,344 2,165 2,020
City of London median daily rate £525 £510 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.94% +7.37% -
10th Percentile £388 £363 £325
90th Percentile £675 £650 £638
Central London median daily rate £525 £500 £463
% change year-on-year +5.00% +8.11% +2.78%
Number of hourly rates quoted 8 7 4
City of London median hourly rate £32.00 £21.50 £35.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +48.84% -38.57% -3.45%
10th Percentile £19.14 £18.85 £19.00
90th Percentile £73.98 £27.36 £56.31
Central London median hourly rate £32.00 £21.50 £35.00
% change year-on-year +48.84% -38.57% -3.45%

Web Services
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing Web Services as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for Web Services in the City of London

Web Services
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Web Services in the City of London.

Contractor daily rate trend for Web Services in the City of London

Web Services
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Web Services in the City of London over the 6 months to 18 October 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Web Services in the City of London

Web Services
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Web Services in the City of London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Web Services in the City of London

Web Services
Contract Job Locations in the City of London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Web Services within the City of London region over the 6 months to 18 October 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London Bridge - 4 £475 -
Moorgate - 3 £525 -
Web Services
Central London

For the 6 months to 18 October 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Web Services also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for Web Services.

1 136 (52.92%) Agile Software Development
2 118 (45.91%) Java
3 96 (37.35%) Amazon AWS
4 87 (33.85%) Finance
5 82 (31.91%) TDD
6 79 (30.74%) REST
7 72 (28.02%) JavaScript
8 70 (27.24%) Spring
9 60 (23.35%) RESTful
10 57 (22.18%) Jenkins
11 54 (21.01%) Continuous Integration
12 50 (19.46%) Git (software)
13 47 (18.29%) HTML
14 43 (16.73%) C#
14 43 (16.73%) .NET
15 40 (15.56%) Linux
16 39 (15.18%) SOAP
16 39 (15.18%) Scrum
16 39 (15.18%) Docker
16 39 (15.18%) DevOps
17 38 (14.79%) MVC
18 37 (14.40%) Test Automation
18 37 (14.40%) BDD
18 37 (14.40%) Microservices
19 35 (13.62%) Banking
20 34 (13.23%) AngularJS
21 33 (12.84%) CSS
22 32 (12.45%) SQL Server
22 32 (12.45%) JSON
23 31 (12.06%) Microsoft Azure

Web Services
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 15 (5.84%) JBoss
2 12 (4.67%) Apache
3 10 (3.89%) CMS
4 9 (3.50%) Confluence
4 9 (3.50%) Drupal
4 9 (3.50%) WebLogic
5 8 (3.11%) Elasticsearch
5 8 (3.11%) SharePoint
6 7 (2.72%) Tomcat
6 7 (2.72%) WebSphere
7 5 (1.95%) NServiceBus
8 4 (1.56%) Adobe Experience Manager
8 4 (1.56%) Cloud Foundry
9 3 (1.17%) IIS
9 3 (1.17%) Oracle SOA Suite
10 2 (0.78%) Mule
11 1 (0.39%) EPiServer
11 1 (0.39%) Moodle
11 1 (0.39%) nginx
11 1 (0.39%) WordPress
Applications
1 5 (1.95%) InVision
2 1 (0.39%) Adobe Illustrator
Business Applications
1 2 (0.78%) Dynamics CRM
2 1 (0.39%) Adobe Campaign
2 1 (0.39%) Remedy ITSM
2 1 (0.39%) Workday HCM
Cloud Services
1 96 (37.35%) Amazon AWS
2 31 (12.06%) Microsoft Azure
3 14 (5.45%) Amazon EC2
4 11 (4.28%) GitHub
5 6 (2.33%) Amazon ElastiCache
5 6 (2.33%) Amazon S3
5 6 (2.33%) Cloud Computing
5 6 (2.33%) Google Cloud Platform
6 5 (1.95%) IaaS
7 4 (1.56%) Adobe Creative Cloud
7 4 (1.56%) Office 365
8 3 (1.17%) Amazon ELB
8 3 (1.17%) AWS CloudFormation
8 3 (1.17%) PaaS
8 3 (1.17%) Runscope
8 3 (1.17%) Virtual Private Cloud
9 2 (0.78%) AWS CodePipeline
9 2 (0.78%) CloudFront
9 2 (0.78%) Heroku
9 2 (0.78%) SaaS
Communications & Networking
1 19 (7.39%) HTTP
2 12 (4.67%) TCP/IP
3 8 (3.11%) Firewall
3 8 (3.11%) Internet
4 6 (2.33%) DNS
4 6 (2.33%) FTP
5 4 (1.56%) Junos
6 3 (1.17%) Network Security
6 3 (1.17%) SSL
7 2 (0.78%) AMQP
7 2 (0.78%) BGP
7 2 (0.78%) DMZ
7 2 (0.78%) LAN
7 2 (0.78%) Multicast
7 2 (0.78%) OSPF
7 2 (0.78%) VPN
7 2 (0.78%) WAN
8 1 (0.39%) MQTT
8 1 (0.39%) VSAN
8 1 (0.39%) VXLAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 32 (12.45%) SQL Server
2 26 (10.12%) NoSQL
3 19 (7.39%) Relational Database
4 14 (5.45%) Apache Cassandra
5 13 (5.06%) MySQL
6 10 (3.89%) MongoDB
7 7 (2.72%) PostgreSQL
8 6 (2.33%) Amazon RDS
9 4 (1.56%) Data Warehouse
9 4 (1.56%) Hadoop
9 4 (1.56%) Siebel EIM
10 2 (0.78%) Amazon Aurora
10 2 (0.78%) Amazon Redshift
10 2 (0.78%) Azure SQL Database
10 2 (0.78%) Couchbase
10 2 (0.78%) Oracle Database
10 2 (0.78%) Redis
10 2 (0.78%) SQL Server 2014
10 2 (0.78%) SQLite
11 1 (0.39%) Power BI
Development Applications
1 57 (22.18%) Jenkins
2 50 (19.46%) Git (software)
3 26 (10.12%) Maven
4 23 (8.95%) JUnit
5 21 (8.17%) JIRA
5 21 (8.17%) Mockito
6 15 (5.84%) Gradle
7 12 (4.67%) Cucumber
8 11 (4.28%) Selenium
9 10 (3.89%) TeamCity
10 8 (3.11%) Moq
10 8 (3.11%) Team Foundation Server
10 8 (3.11%) webpack
11 7 (2.72%) Octopus Deploy
11 7 (2.72%) Visual Studio Team System
12 6 (2.33%) NUnit
12 6 (2.33%) Visual Studio
12 6 (2.33%) WebDriver
13 5 (1.95%) Ant
13 5 (1.95%) Eclipse
General
1 87 (33.85%) Finance
2 35 (13.62%) Banking
3 10 (3.89%) Retail
4 9 (3.50%) Back Office
4 9 (3.50%) Financial Institution
4 9 (3.50%) Front Office
5 7 (2.72%) Law
5 7 (2.72%) Pharmaceutical
6 5 (1.95%) Advertising
7 4 (1.56%) Legal
8 3 (1.17%) Retail Banking
9 2 (0.78%) Investment Banking
9 2 (0.78%) Marketing
9 2 (0.78%) Publishing
9 2 (0.78%) Telecoms
10 1 (0.39%) Digital Economy
10 1 (0.39%) Games
Job Titles
1 160 (62.26%) Developer
2 65 (25.29%) Java Developer
3 37 (14.40%) Senior Developer
4 26 (10.12%) Architect
5 21 (8.17%) Senior Java Developer
6 20 (7.78%) .NET Developer
7 17 (6.61%) Web Developer
8 16 (6.23%) C# Developer
9 12 (4.67%) DevOps Engineer
9 12 (4.67%) React Developer
10 11 (4.28%) Cloud Architect
10 11 (4.28%) JavaScript Developer
11 10 (3.89%) Analyst
11 10 (3.89%) E-Commerce Developer
11 10 (3.89%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
12 9 (3.50%) Angular Developer
12 9 (3.50%) Java Web Developer
12 9 (3.50%) Salesforce Developer
13 8 (3.11%) C# .NET Developer
13 8 (3.11%) Cloud Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 79 (30.74%) REST
2 70 (27.24%) Spring
3 60 (23.35%) RESTful
4 47 (18.29%) HTML
5 43 (16.73%) .NET
6 39 (15.18%) SOAP
7 34 (13.23%) AngularJS
8 33 (12.84%) CSS
9 32 (12.45%) JSON
10 29 (11.28%) ASP.NET
11 24 (9.34%) ASP.NET MVC
12 23 (8.95%) Spring Boot
13 21 (8.17%) Node.js
14 20 (7.78%) ASP.NET Web API
14 20 (7.78%) XML
15 19 (7.39%) J2EE
15 19 (7.39%) React
16 17 (6.61%) jQuery
17 14 (5.45%) HTML5
17 14 (5.45%) OAuth
Miscellaneous
1 23 (8.95%) Greenfield Project
2 17 (6.61%) Analytical Skills
3 11 (4.28%) Fintech
3 11 (4.28%) Mobile App
3 11 (4.28%) User Experience
4 9 (3.50%) Computer Science
5 6 (2.33%) Public Cloud
6 5 (1.95%) Self-Motivation
7 4 (1.56%) Hedge funds
7 4 (1.56%) Management Information System
7 4 (1.56%) N-Tier
7 4 (1.56%) RIA
7 4 (1.56%) W3C
8 3 (1.17%) Algorithms
8 3 (1.17%) Blog
8 3 (1.17%) Data Centre
8 3 (1.17%) Enterprise Software
8 3 (1.17%) Equities
8 3 (1.17%) Mobile Payment
9 2 (0.78%) Data Structures
Operating Systems
1 40 (15.56%) Linux
2 27 (10.51%) Unix
3 17 (6.61%) Windows
4 9 (3.50%) Android
5 6 (2.33%) Ubuntu
6 5 (1.95%) Apple iOS
7 4 (1.56%) Windows Server
8 3 (1.17%) Mac OS
8 3 (1.17%) Mac OS X
8 3 (1.17%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 3 (1.17%) Windows Server 2012
9 2 (0.78%) CoreOS
9 2 (0.78%) Windows Server 2008
10 1 (0.39%) Amazon Linux
10 1 (0.39%) CentOS
10 1 (0.39%) Debian
10 1 (0.39%) Windows Embedded Compact
Processes & Methodologies
1 136 (52.92%) Agile Software Development
2 82 (31.91%) TDD
3 54 (21.01%) Continuous Integration
4 39 (15.18%) DevOps
4 39 (15.18%) Scrum
5 38 (14.79%) MVC
6 37 (14.40%) BDD
6 37 (14.40%) Microservices
6 37 (14.40%) Test Automation
7 30 (11.67%) Unit Testing
8 28 (10.89%) Software Engineering
9 27 (10.51%) Open Source
9 27 (10.51%) Web Development
10 24 (9.34%) E-Commerce
10 24 (9.34%) SOA
11 23 (8.95%) Problem-Solving
12 20 (7.78%) OO
13 19 (7.39%) Pair Programming
14 18 (7.00%) Migration
15 16 (6.23%) Stakeholder Management
Programming Languages
1 118 (45.91%) Java
2 72 (28.02%) JavaScript
3 43 (16.73%) C#
4 31 (12.06%) Java 8
4 31 (12.06%) SQL
5 21 (8.17%) Python
6 17 (6.61%) Ruby
7 12 (4.67%) TypeScript
8 10 (3.89%) Groovy
9 9 (3.50%) PHP
10 8 (3.11%) ES6
10 8 (3.11%) Scala
10 8 (3.11%) Shell Script
11 6 (2.33%) Perl
12 5 (1.95%) Apple Swift
12 5 (1.95%) T-SQL
13 4 (1.56%) ANSI SQL
13 4 (1.56%) C++
13 4 (1.56%) STATISTICA Visual Basic
13 4 (1.56%) XPath
Qualifications
1 11 (4.28%) Degree
2 4 (1.56%) Siebel Certification
3 3 (1.17%) Computer Science Degree
4 2 (0.78%) MBA
4 2 (0.78%) MCSE
4 2 (0.78%) Microsoft Certification
5 1 (0.39%) AWS Certification
5 1 (0.39%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
5 1 (0.39%) Numerate Degree
5 1 (0.39%) SC Cleared
5 1 (0.39%) Security Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 16 (6.23%) QA
2 4 (1.56%) WCAG
3 2 (0.78%) ISO 8583
3 2 (0.78%) PSD2
3 2 (0.78%) SLA
4 1 (0.39%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 1 (0.39%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
4 1 (0.39%) PCI DSS
System Software
1 39 (15.18%) Docker
2 12 (4.67%) VMware Infrastructure
3 7 (2.72%) VirtualBox
4 6 (2.33%) Active Directory
4 6 (2.33%) vSphere
5 3 (1.17%) VMware ESXi
6 2 (0.78%) Virtual Machines
6 2 (0.78%) XenApp
7 1 (0.39%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 1 (0.39%) etcd
7 1 (0.39%) Gluster
7 1 (0.39%) Hyper-V
7 1 (0.39%) iptables
7 1 (0.39%) KVM
7 1 (0.39%) NFS
7 1 (0.39%) OpenAM
7 1 (0.39%) OpenDJ
7 1 (0.39%) pfSense
7 1 (0.39%) Varnish
Systems Management
1 22 (8.56%) Terraform
2 19 (7.39%) Ansible
2 19 (7.39%) Kubernetes
3 13 (5.06%) Prometheus
4 11 (4.28%) Opscode Chef
5 9 (3.50%) Packer
6 8 (3.11%) Puppet
7 5 (1.95%) Grafana
7 5 (1.95%) SCCM
8 4 (1.56%) Graphite
8 4 (1.56%) Nagios
9 3 (1.17%) Consul
9 3 (1.17%) Salt
9 3 (1.17%) Single Sign-On
10 2 (0.78%) CSIRT
10 2 (0.78%) Docker Swarm
10 2 (0.78%) Matomo
10 2 (0.78%) Network Intrusion Detection System
10 2 (0.78%) SCOM
10 2 (0.78%) WebSphere Service Registry and Repository
Vendors
1 23 (8.95%) Microsoft
2 15 (5.84%) Salesforce.com
2 15 (5.84%) VMware
3 8 (3.11%) Adobe
3 8 (3.11%) Oracle
4 7 (2.72%) Demandware
4 7 (2.72%) Google
4 7 (2.72%) Sybase
5 6 (2.33%) Escenic
5 6 (2.33%) Juniper
6 5 (1.95%) Splunk
7 4 (1.56%) Cisco
7 4 (1.56%) IBM
7 4 (1.56%) Siebel
8 3 (1.17%) Citrix
8 3 (1.17%) Dynatrace
8 3 (1.17%) MuleSoft
9 2 (0.78%) Pardot
9 2 (0.78%) SaltStack
9 2 (0.78%) ServiceNow