The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for Web Services skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Web Services over the 3 months to 26 March 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

3 months to
26 Mar 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Web Services
London / City of London
Rank 36 38 52
Rank change year-on-year +2 +14  
Contract jobs citing Web Services 162 162 198
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 5.41% 4.87% 3.88%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 15.44% 14.85% 12.94%
Number of daily rates quoted 132 133 156
Median daily rate £475 £500 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -5.00% +17.64%  
90% offered a daily rate of more than £360 £375 £339
10% offered a daily rate of more than £600 £550 £550
UK excluding London median daily rate £415 £390 £375
% change year-on-year +6.41% +4.00%  
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 1 0
Median hourly rate - £43.57 -
UK excluding London median hourly rate £43.50 £57.00 £35.00
% change year-on-year -23.68% +62.85%  

Web Services is in the industry standards, technical specifications and software library and framework skills category. The next table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for industry standards, technical specifications and software library and framework skills.

Contract Software Library & Framework Skills
City of London
Contract job vacancies with a requirement for industry standards, technical specifications and software library and framework skills 1049 1091 1530
As % of all contract IT job vacancies advertised in the City of London 35.04% 32.79% 30.00%
Number of daily rates quoted 867 918 1224
Median daily rate £475 £463 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.70% +8.82%  
90% offered a daily rate of more than £338 £325 £313
10% offered a daily rate of more than £625 £600 £580
UK excluding London median daily rate £375 £363 £350
% change year-on-year +3.44% +3.57%  
Number of hourly rates quoted 2 5 7
Median hourly rate £35.00 £55.00 £27.37
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -36.36% +100.94%  
UK excluding London median hourly rate £40.00 £38.00 £36.00
% change year-on-year +5.26% +5.55%  

Web Services
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

The job posting trend of jobs advertised in the City of London citing Web Services as a proportion of all contract or permanent IT jobs with a match in the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category.

Job vacancy trend for Web Services in the City of London

Web Services
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Web Services in the City of London.

Contractor daily rate trend for Web Services in the City of London

Web Services
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Web Services in the City of London over the 3 months to 26 March 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Web Services in the City of London

Web Services
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for hourly rates quoted in IT contractor jobs citing Web Services in the City of London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Web Services in the City of London

Web Services
Top 30 Related IT Skills in the City of London

For the 6 months to 26 March 2017, IT contractor jobs citing Web Services also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads across the City of London region with a requirement for Web Services.

1 166 (48.54%) Agile Software Development
2 129 (37.72%) TDD
3 116 (33.92%) Java
4 107 (31.29%) JavaScript
4 107 (31.29%) Finance
5 94 (27.49%) C#
6 90 (26.32%) Amazon AWS
7 85 (24.85%) HTML
7 85 (24.85%) Scrum
8 78 (22.81%) REST
9 77 (22.51%) Continuous Integration
10 69 (20.18%) MVC
11 68 (19.88%) .NET
12 67 (19.59%) SQL Server
12 67 (19.59%) CSS
12 67 (19.59%) RESTful
13 63 (18.42%) SQL
13 63 (18.42%) Microsoft
14 62 (18.13%) AngularJS
15 59 (17.25%) BDD
16 54 (15.79%) Banking
17 52 (15.20%) Spring
18 50 (14.62%) Git (software)
19 48 (14.04%) Unit Testing
20 46 (13.45%) SOAP
20 46 (13.45%) Windows
21 41 (11.99%) XML
21 41 (11.99%) SOA
22 40 (11.70%) DevOps
23 39 (11.40%) React

Web Services
Top Related IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 29 (8.48%) IIS
2 28 (8.19%) BizTalk Server
3 27 (7.89%) SharePoint
4 13 (3.80%) Apache
4 13 (3.80%) Apache Spark
4 13 (3.80%) JBoss
5 12 (3.51%) Oracle SOA Suite
6 11 (3.22%) Anypoint
7 8 (2.34%) WebSphere
8 6 (1.75%) CMS
8 6 (1.75%) Tomcat
9 5 (1.46%) Apache Solr
9 5 (1.46%) WebLogic
10 4 (1.17%) FileNet
10 4 (1.17%) IBM Notes
11 3 (0.88%) Adobe Experience Manager
11 3 (0.88%) Apache Pig
12 2 (0.58%) Elasticsearch
12 2 (0.58%) Mule ESB
12 2 (0.58%) Oracle Workflow
Applications
1 20 (5.85%) MS Excel
2 8 (2.34%) MS Office
3 3 (0.88%) MS Visio
4 1 (0.29%) Adobe Creative Suite
4 1 (0.29%) InfoPath
4 1 (0.29%) MS PowerPoint
4 1 (0.29%) MS Project
4 1 (0.29%) OmniGraffle
4 1 (0.29%) SPSS
Business Applications
1 31 (9.06%) Dynamics CRM
2 21 (6.14%) Dynamics AX
3 1 (0.29%) Payment Gateway
3 1 (0.29%) SAP Oil and Gas
Cloud Services
1 90 (26.32%) Amazon AWS
2 37 (10.82%) Microsoft Azure
3 23 (6.73%) IaaS
4 22 (6.43%) PaaS
5 10 (2.92%) GitHub
6 7 (2.05%) Office 365
7 6 (1.75%) Amazon EC2
7 6 (1.75%) AWS CloudFormation
7 6 (1.75%) TestFlight
8 4 (1.17%) Amazon EMR
8 4 (1.17%) Amazon S3
9 3 (0.88%) Google Cloud Platform
9 3 (0.88%) SaaS
10 2 (0.58%) Amazon ELB
10 2 (0.58%) AWS Lambda
10 2 (0.58%) Force.com
10 2 (0.58%) Route 53
11 1 (0.29%) Akamai
11 1 (0.29%) Amazon SQS
11 1 (0.29%) Heroku
Communications & Networking
1 19 (5.56%) Internet
2 14 (4.09%) HTTP
3 6 (1.75%) LDAP
4 4 (1.17%) Firewall
4 4 (1.17%) SSL
5 3 (0.88%) SMTP
6 2 (0.58%) Kerberos
6 2 (0.58%) SNMP
6 2 (0.58%) TCP/IP
6 2 (0.58%) VPN
7 1 (0.29%) Cisco ASA
7 1 (0.29%) DMZ
7 1 (0.29%) DNS
7 1 (0.29%) FTP
7 1 (0.29%) Intranet
7 1 (0.29%) Reverse Proxy
7 1 (0.29%) Wireshark
Database & Business Intelligence
1 67 (19.59%) SQL Server
2 31 (9.06%) SQL Server Integration Services
3 27 (7.89%) MongoDB
4 22 (6.43%) SQL Server 2008
5 16 (4.68%) Big Data
6 15 (4.39%) Hadoop
7 14 (4.09%) SQLite
8 13 (3.80%) MySQL
9 9 (2.63%) Relational Database
10 8 (2.34%) Apache Hive
11 7 (2.05%) CouchDB
11 7 (2.05%) NoSQL
12 6 (1.75%) Azure SQL Database
13 5 (1.46%) Apache Cassandra
13 5 (1.46%) RDBMS
13 5 (1.46%) SQL Server Reporting Services
14 4 (1.17%) Amazon DynamoDB
14 4 (1.17%) Data Warehouse
14 4 (1.17%) PostgreSQL
14 4 (1.17%) SQL Server 2014
Development Applications
1 50 (14.62%) Git (software)
2 39 (11.40%) Jenkins
3 32 (9.36%) JIRA
4 30 (8.77%) Team Foundation Server
5 21 (6.14%) Maven
6 18 (5.26%) Mockito
7 17 (4.97%) WebDriver
8 15 (4.39%) Moq
9 14 (4.09%) Selenium
10 13 (3.80%) Jasmine
11 12 (3.51%) IntelliJ
12 11 (3.22%) CruiseControl
12 11 (3.22%) gulp
12 11 (3.22%) Hudson
12 11 (3.22%) JUnit
12 11 (3.22%) Subversion
13 10 (2.92%) TeamCity
14 9 (2.63%) Ant
15 8 (2.34%) Build Forge
15 8 (2.34%) Vagrant
General
1 107 (31.29%) Finance
2 54 (15.79%) Banking
3 14 (4.09%) Back Office
3 14 (4.09%) Retail
4 8 (2.34%) Front Office
5 5 (1.46%) Financial Institution
5 5 (1.46%) Investment Banking
6 4 (1.17%) Publishing
6 4 (1.17%) Retail Banking
7 3 (0.88%) Advertising
7 3 (0.88%) Games
7 3 (0.88%) Marketing
7 3 (0.88%) Telecoms
8 2 (0.58%) Legal
Job Titles
1 232 (67.84%) Developer
2 55 (16.08%) Java Developer
3 40 (11.70%) Architect
4 37 (10.82%) Senior Developer
5 27 (7.89%) .NET Developer
6 26 (7.60%) Full Stack Developer
7 25 (7.31%) Microsoft Developer
8 21 (6.14%) Dynamics AX Developer
9 20 (5.85%) C# Developer
10 19 (5.56%) Software Developer
11 18 (5.26%) JavaScript Developer
12 15 (4.39%) Developer in Test
13 13 (3.80%) Angular Developer
13 13 (3.80%) iOS Developer
13 13 (3.80%) Lead Architect
13 13 (3.80%) Node.js Developer
13 13 (3.80%) Solutions Architect
14 12 (3.51%) Consultant
14 12 (3.51%) Senior Java Developer
15 11 (3.22%) Integration Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 85 (24.85%) HTML
2 78 (22.81%) REST
3 68 (19.88%) .NET
4 67 (19.59%) CSS
4 67 (19.59%) RESTful
5 62 (18.13%) AngularJS
6 52 (15.20%) Spring
7 46 (13.45%) SOAP
8 41 (11.99%) XML
9 39 (11.40%) JSON
9 39 (11.40%) React
10 35 (10.23%) HTML5
11 34 (9.94%) Node.js
12 32 (9.36%) J2EE
13 31 (9.06%) ASP.NET
13 31 (9.06%) jQuery
14 30 (8.77%) Hibernate
15 29 (8.48%) WCF
16 24 (7.02%) ASP.NET MVC
17 20 (5.85%) JSP
Miscellaneous
1 19 (5.56%) Mobile App
2 16 (4.68%) User Experience
3 11 (3.22%) Analytical Skills
3 11 (3.22%) Enterprise Software
3 11 (3.22%) RIA
4 10 (2.92%) Computer Science
4 10 (2.92%) iPad
5 9 (2.63%) Credit Risk
5 9 (2.63%) Fintech
5 9 (2.63%) N-Tier
6 6 (1.75%) Algorithms
7 5 (1.46%) Derivative
7 5 (1.46%) Grid Computing
8 4 (1.17%) Management Information System
8 4 (1.17%) Market Risk
8 4 (1.17%) Virtual Team
9 3 (0.88%) Data Structures
9 3 (0.88%) Fixed Income
9 3 (0.88%) Online Banking
10 2 (0.58%) Web 2.0
Operating Systems
1 46 (13.45%) Windows
2 35 (10.23%) Linux
3 14 (4.09%) Apple iOS
3 14 (4.09%) Unix
4 11 (3.22%) Android
5 6 (1.75%) CentOS
5 6 (1.75%) Windows Server
6 3 (0.88%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 2 (0.58%) Ubuntu
8 1 (0.29%) CoreOS
8 1 (0.29%) FreeBSD
8 1 (0.29%) Mac OS
8 1 (0.29%) Oracle Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 166 (48.54%) Agile Software Development
2 129 (37.72%) TDD
3 85 (24.85%) Scrum
4 77 (22.51%) Continuous Integration
5 69 (20.18%) MVC
6 59 (17.25%) BDD
7 48 (14.04%) Unit Testing
8 41 (11.99%) SOA
9 40 (11.70%) DevOps
10 37 (10.82%) Software Engineering
10 37 (10.82%) Web Development
11 36 (10.53%) OO
12 34 (9.94%) CRM
12 34 (9.94%) Pair Programming
13 33 (9.65%) Open Source
14 30 (8.77%) Business Intelligence
15 29 (8.48%) E-Commerce
15 29 (8.48%) Front End Development
16 27 (7.89%) ERP
17 25 (7.31%) Automated Testing
Programming Languages
1 116 (33.92%) Java
2 107 (31.29%) JavaScript
3 94 (27.49%) C#
4 63 (18.42%) SQL
5 33 (9.65%) Python
6 25 (7.31%) Scala
7 16 (4.68%) PHP
8 13 (3.80%) Apple Swift
9 12 (3.51%) Bash Shell
10 11 (3.22%) Objective-C
11 9 (2.63%) Groovy
11 9 (2.63%) PowerShell
12 8 (2.34%) Ruby
13 7 (2.05%) Perl
14 6 (1.75%) ES6
14 6 (1.75%) Shell Script
15 5 (1.46%) C
16 4 (1.17%) C++
16 4 (1.17%) VBA
17 3 (0.88%) VB.NET
Qualifications
1 11 (3.22%) Security Cleared
2 10 (2.92%) Degree
3 9 (2.63%) SC Cleared
4 2 (0.58%) AWS Certification
4 2 (0.58%) CFA
4 2 (0.58%) Oracle Certification
5 1 (0.29%) CHECK Team Member
5 1 (0.29%) CITP
5 1 (0.29%) CTC Cleared
5 1 (0.29%) DV Cleared
5 1 (0.29%) ISEB
5 1 (0.29%) MCP
5 1 (0.29%) Microsoft Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 18 (5.26%) QA
2 4 (1.17%) HL7
3 3 (0.88%) SDET
4 2 (0.58%) Data Quality
4 2 (0.58%) Dodd-Frank
5 1 (0.29%) Disclosure Scotland
5 1 (0.29%) IFRS
5 1 (0.29%) MiFID
5 1 (0.29%) PCI DSS
5 1 (0.29%) SLA
5 1 (0.29%) WCAG
System Software
1 17 (4.97%) Docker
2 5 (1.46%) Active Directory
3 2 (0.58%) Apache Flume
4 1 (0.29%) Gluster
4 1 (0.29%) HDFS
4 1 (0.29%) iptables
4 1 (0.29%) NFS
4 1 (0.29%) Shibboleth
4 1 (0.29%) vCloud
4 1 (0.29%) Virtual Machines
Systems Management
1 21 (6.14%) Puppet
2 16 (4.68%) Opscode Chef
3 14 (4.09%) MOM
4 12 (3.51%) Ansible
5 10 (2.92%) Kubernetes
6 3 (0.88%) Oozie
6 3 (0.88%) Terraform
7 2 (0.58%) Dollar Universe
7 2 (0.58%) HAProxy
7 2 (0.58%) Mesos
8 1 (0.29%) CA Single Sign-On
8 1 (0.29%) Graphite
8 1 (0.29%) HP Quality Center
8 1 (0.29%) Kibana
8 1 (0.29%) logstash
8 1 (0.29%) Nagios
8 1 (0.29%) Oracle EDQ
8 1 (0.29%) Rundeck
8 1 (0.29%) SCCM
8 1 (0.29%) ZABBIX
Vendors
1 63 (18.42%) Microsoft
2 37 (10.82%) Oracle
3 14 (4.09%) IBM
4 13 (3.80%) MuleSoft
4 13 (3.80%) New Relic
5 9 (2.63%) VMware
6 8 (2.34%) TIBCO
7 7 (2.05%) Adobe
7 7 (2.05%) Red Hat
8 6 (1.75%) Bloomberg
8 6 (1.75%) Salesforce.com
9 5 (1.46%) Google
9 5 (1.46%) SAP
10 4 (1.17%) Cognos
10 4 (1.17%) Lotus
11 3 (0.88%) ATG
11 3 (0.88%) OpenText
11 3 (0.88%) RedDot
11 3 (0.88%) ServiceNow
11 3 (0.88%) Talend
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