Period
to 12 May 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for Web Services skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Web Services over the 6 months to 12 May 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Web Services
Central London > City of London
6 months to
12 May 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 71 63 69
Rank change year-on-year -8 +6 -22
Contract jobs citing Web Services 83 116 232
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the City of London 3.04% 3.40% 3.56%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 9.07% 9.91% 9.43%
Number of daily rates quoted 72 90 162
10th Percentile £413 £377 £389
25th Percentile £458 £413 £463
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £500 £525
Median % change year-on-year +10.00% -4.76% +5.26%
75th Percentile £603 £584 £615
90th Percentile £711 £650 £650
Central London median daily rate £550 £500 £525
% change year-on-year +10.00% -4.76% +5.00%
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 0 1
Median hourly rate - - £10.50
Central London median hourly rate - - £10.50

Web Services is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
City of London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 915 1,170 2,459
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 33.53% 34.28% 37.71%
Number of daily rates quoted 690 926 1,992
10th Percentile £393 £381 £413
25th Percentile £461 £450 £463
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £525 £525
Median % change year-on-year +4.76% - -
75th Percentile £638 £615 £600
90th Percentile £701 £675 £675
Central London median daily rate £550 £525 £525
% change year-on-year +4.76% - +3.96%
Number of hourly rates quoted 3 5 9
10th Percentile £15.25 £27.20 £13.25
25th Percentile £15.63 £32.75 £22.25
Median hourly rate £17.50 £46.50 £35.00
Median % change year-on-year -62.37% +32.86% +59.09%
75th Percentile £20.63 £57.50 £49.13
90th Percentile £21.75 £59.75 £56.50
Central London median hourly rate £17.50 £50.75 £38.37
% change year-on-year -65.52% +32.26% +74.42%

Web Services
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing Web Services as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for Web Services in the City of London

Web Services
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Web Services in the City of London.

Daily rate trend for Web Services in the City of London

Web Services
Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Web Services in the City of London over the 6 months to 12 May 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Web Services in the City of London

Web Services
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Web Services in the City of London.

Hourly rate trend for Web Services in the City of London

Web Services
Contract Job Locations in the City of London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Web Services within the City of London region over the 6 months to 12 May 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London Bridge -1 6 £600 +20.00%
Web Services
Central London

For the 6 months to 12 May 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Web Services also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for Web Services.

1 45 (54.22%) AWS
2 42 (50.60%) Azure
3 39 (46.99%) TDD
3 39 (46.99%) DevOps
4 37 (44.58%) Git (software)
5 35 (42.17%) Docker
6 34 (40.96%) Agile Software Development
7 33 (39.76%) HTML
8 31 (37.35%) Jenkins
9 30 (36.14%) MVC
9 30 (36.14%) Microservices
10 29 (34.94%) JavaScript
11 25 (30.12%) AngularJS
12 24 (28.92%) Java
12 24 (28.92%) CSS
13 22 (26.51%) SQL
13 22 (26.51%) Software Engineering
14 21 (25.30%) HTML5
15 20 (24.10%) Node.js
15 20 (24.10%) Sass
15 20 (24.10%) LESS
16 18 (21.69%) Web Development
16 18 (21.69%) Finance
16 18 (21.69%) XML
17 16 (19.28%) PHP
17 16 (19.28%) CSS3
17 16 (19.28%) Laravel
17 16 (19.28%) Vue.js
17 16 (19.28%) Vuetify.js
18 14 (16.87%) Python

Web Services
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 10 (12.05%) Apache Spark
2 8 (9.64%) Apache Airflow
3 5 (6.02%) CMS
3 5 (6.02%) Oracle SOA Suite
4 3 (3.61%) JBoss
5 2 (2.41%) Mule
5 2 (2.41%) Red Hat Fuse
6 1 (1.20%) Apache
6 1 (1.20%) Appian
6 1 (1.20%) Cloud Foundry
6 1 (1.20%) Confluence
6 1 (1.20%) Exchange Server 2010
6 1 (1.20%) IIS
6 1 (1.20%) MS Exchange
6 1 (1.20%) SharePoint
6 1 (1.20%) Skype for Business
Business Applications
1 1 (1.20%) Dynamics CRM
1 1 (1.20%) Elite 3E
1 1 (1.20%) OpenText VIM for SAP
Cloud Services
1 45 (54.22%) AWS
2 42 (50.60%) Azure
3 8 (9.64%) Amazon Kinesis
4 6 (7.23%) AWS CloudFormation
5 4 (4.82%) PaaS
5 4 (4.82%) Power Platform
5 4 (4.82%) PowerApps
5 4 (4.82%) Serverless
6 3 (3.61%) Azure Functions
6 3 (3.61%) Azure Key Vault
6 3 (3.61%) Azure Logic Apps
6 3 (3.61%) Azure Service Bus
6 3 (3.61%) Azure Storage
6 3 (3.61%) Cloud Computing
6 3 (3.61%) Microsoft 365
6 3 (3.61%) Power Automate
7 2 (2.41%) Amazon S3
7 2 (2.41%) GCP
7 2 (2.41%) IaaS
7 2 (2.41%) SaaS
Communications & Networking
1 11 (13.25%) HTTP
2 2 (2.41%) Internet
2 2 (2.41%) Intranet
3 1 (1.20%) Extranet
3 1 (1.20%) Unified Communications
Database & Business Intelligence
1 10 (12.05%) Big Data
2 9 (10.84%) SQL Server
3 8 (9.64%) Data Lake
3 8 (9.64%) Data Warehouse
3 8 (9.64%) Parquet
3 8 (9.64%) Snowflake Schema
4 7 (8.43%) NoSQL
5 5 (6.02%) MongoDB
6 3 (3.61%) Azure SQL Database
6 3 (3.61%) OLTP
7 2 (2.41%) Amazon DynamoDB
7 2 (2.41%) Couchbase
7 2 (2.41%) Flink
7 2 (2.41%) MySQL
7 2 (2.41%) Oracle Database
8 1 (1.20%) Amazon RDS
8 1 (1.20%) Oracle Database 10g
8 1 (1.20%) Relational Database
8 1 (1.20%) SQL Server 2012
8 1 (1.20%) SQL Server Integration Services
Development Applications
1 37 (44.58%) Git (software)
2 31 (37.35%) Jenkins
3 6 (7.23%) Maven
4 5 (6.02%) Jasmine
4 5 (6.02%) Karma Test Runner
5 4 (4.82%) Cucumber
5 4 (4.82%) JIRA
5 4 (4.82%) JSUnit
6 3 (3.61%) Atlassian Bamboo
6 3 (3.61%) Bitbucket
6 3 (3.61%) jMock
6 3 (3.61%) JUnit
6 3 (3.61%) Selenium
6 3 (3.61%) Visual Studio Team System
7 2 (2.41%) Gradle
7 2 (2.41%) Mockito
7 2 (2.41%) NUnit
7 2 (2.41%) Subversion
8 1 (1.20%) FishEye
8 1 (1.20%) Hudson
General
1 18 (21.69%) Finance
2 10 (12.05%) Analytical Skills
3 7 (8.43%) Banking
4 5 (6.02%) Investment Banking
5 4 (4.82%) Social Skills
6 2 (2.41%) Front Office
6 2 (2.41%) Public Sector
7 1 (1.20%) General Ledger
7 1 (1.20%) International Banking
7 1 (1.20%) Manufacturing
7 1 (1.20%) Marketing
7 1 (1.20%) Telecoms
Job Titles
1 51 (61.45%) Developer
2 25 (30.12%) Backend Developer
3 15 (18.07%) PHP Developer
4 13 (15.66%) Node.js Developer
5 8 (9.64%) Data Engineer
6 7 (8.43%) Architect
6 7 (8.43%) Java Developer
7 5 (6.02%) DevOps Engineer
7 5 (6.02%) Python Engineer
7 5 (6.02%) React Developer
8 4 (4.82%) Senior Developer
8 4 (4.82%) Software Engineer
9 3 (3.61%) Azure DevOps Engineer
9 3 (3.61%) Azure Engineer
9 3 (3.61%) JavaScript Developer
9 3 (3.61%) Python Developer
9 3 (3.61%) Senior Data Engineer
9 3 (3.61%) Solutions Architect
9 3 (3.61%) Technical Architect
10 2 (2.41%) Senior Integration Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 33 (39.76%) HTML
2 25 (30.12%) AngularJS
3 24 (28.92%) CSS
4 21 (25.30%) HTML5
5 20 (24.10%) LESS
5 20 (24.10%) Node.js
5 20 (24.10%) Sass
6 18 (21.69%) XML
7 16 (19.28%) CSS3
7 16 (19.28%) Laravel
7 16 (19.28%) Vue.js
7 16 (19.28%) Vuetify.js
8 13 (15.66%) REST
9 12 (14.46%) Kafka
9 12 (14.46%) Spring
10 11 (13.25%) RESTful
11 9 (10.84%) .NET
11 9 (10.84%) JSON
12 8 (9.64%) PostGIS
13 6 (7.23%) jQuery
Miscellaneous
1 10 (12.05%) Data Structures
2 8 (9.64%) Algorithms
2 8 (9.64%) Self-Motivation
3 2 (2.41%) Grid Computing
3 2 (2.41%) Public Cloud
4 1 (1.20%) Blackberry
4 1 (1.20%) BYOD
4 1 (1.20%) Client/Server
4 1 (1.20%) Cloud Native
4 1 (1.20%) CMDB
4 1 (1.20%) Enterprise Software
4 1 (1.20%) Equities
4 1 (1.20%) Fixed Income
4 1 (1.20%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
4 1 (1.20%) iPad
4 1 (1.20%) iPhone
4 1 (1.20%) Management Information System
4 1 (1.20%) Market Risk
4 1 (1.20%) RIA
4 1 (1.20%) User Experience
Operating Systems
1 4 (4.82%) Linux
1 4 (4.82%) Unix
2 2 (2.41%) Windows
3 1 (1.20%) Android
3 1 (1.20%) Apple iOS
3 1 (1.20%) Windows Server
Processes & Methodologies
1 39 (46.99%) DevOps
1 39 (46.99%) TDD
2 34 (40.96%) Agile Software Development
3 30 (36.14%) Microservices
3 30 (36.14%) MVC
4 22 (26.51%) Software Engineering
5 18 (21.69%) Web Development
6 14 (16.87%) OWASP
7 12 (14.46%) Change Management
8 10 (12.05%) MapReduce
8 10 (12.05%) SOA
9 9 (10.84%) Data Pipeline
9 9 (10.84%) Load Testing
10 8 (9.64%) Continuous Delivery
10 8 (9.64%) Continuous Deployment
10 8 (9.64%) Data Analysis
10 8 (9.64%) Data Interpretation
10 8 (9.64%) Forensic Analysis
10 8 (9.64%) SQL Optimisation
10 8 (9.64%) XML Parsing
Programming Languages
1 29 (34.94%) JavaScript
2 24 (28.92%) Java
3 22 (26.51%) SQL
4 16 (19.28%) PHP
5 14 (16.87%) Python
6 6 (7.23%) C#
6 6 (7.23%) TypeScript
7 5 (6.02%) PL/SQL
8 3 (3.61%) ES6
8 3 (3.61%) Java 8
8 3 (3.61%) PowerShell
8 3 (3.61%) T-SQL
9 2 (2.41%) Groovy
10 1 (1.20%) ABAP
10 1 (1.20%) Ada
10 1 (1.20%) Apex Code
10 1 (1.20%) Kotlin
10 1 (1.20%) Ruby
10 1 (1.20%) VB.NET
10 1 (1.20%) XPath
Qualifications
1 5 (6.02%) SC Cleared
1 5 (6.02%) Security Cleared
2 2 (2.41%) Degree
3 1 (1.20%) CISA
3 1 (1.20%) CISM
3 1 (1.20%) CISSP
3 1 (1.20%) Computer Science Degree
3 1 (1.20%) ISEB
3 1 (1.20%) ISTQB
3 1 (1.20%) MCSA
3 1 (1.20%) MCSE
3 1 (1.20%) Microsoft Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 4 (4.82%) QA
2 1 (1.20%) GDPR
2 1 (1.20%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 1 (1.20%) PCI DSS
2 1 (1.20%) SLA
System Software
1 35 (42.17%) Docker
2 1 (1.20%) Active Directory
Systems Management
1 7 (8.43%) Kubernetes
2 6 (7.23%) Terraform
3 2 (2.41%) Ansible
Vendors
1 11 (13.25%) Microsoft
1 11 (13.25%) Oracle
2 3 (3.61%) Atlassian
3 2 (2.41%) Google
4 1 (1.20%) Dell
4 1 (1.20%) DevExpress
4 1 (1.20%) MuleSoft
4 1 (1.20%) Murex
4 1 (1.20%) Nintex
4 1 (1.20%) OpenText
4 1 (1.20%) Salesforce.com
4 1 (1.20%) SAP
4 1 (1.20%) ServiceNow
4 1 (1.20%) Sybase
4 1 (1.20%) Telerik