Period
to

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for AWS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited AWS over the 6 months to 29 June 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Amazon Web Services (AWS)
Central London > City of London
6 months to
29 Jun 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 8 11 13
Rank change year-on-year +3 +2 0
Contract jobs citing AWS 591 382 272
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the City of London 13.72% 12.22% 10.00%
As % of the Cloud Services category 36.75% 33.22% 31.30%
Number of daily rates quoted 471 300 216
10th Percentile £463 £413 £413
25th Percentile £525 £474 £463
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £620 £575 £572
Median % change year-on-year +7.83% +0.61% +3.91%
75th Percentile £713 £638 £636
90th Percentile £813 £706 £709
Central London median daily rate £625 £575 £550
% change year-on-year +8.70% +4.55% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 3 1 1
10th Percentile - - -
25th Percentile £52.50 - £53.75
Median hourly rate £55.00 £35.00 £57.50
Median % change year-on-year +57.14% -39.13% +447.62%
75th Percentile £57.50 - £61.25
90th Percentile - - -
Central London median hourly rate £55.00 £35.00 £57.50
% change year-on-year +57.14% -39.13% +42.86%

AWS is in the Cloud Services category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for cloud computing skills.

All Cloud Skills
City of London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills 1,608 1,150 869
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 37.33% 36.80% 31.94%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,233 843 681
10th Percentile £363 £369 £305
25th Percentile £475 £462 £414
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £575 £540 £513
Median % change year-on-year +6.48% +5.37% -2.38%
75th Percentile £688 £638 £600
90th Percentile £775 £700 £675
Central London median daily rate £573 £545 £500
% change year-on-year +5.05% +9.00% -4.76%
Number of hourly rates quoted 9 9 6
10th Percentile £13.88 £13.58 £20.36
25th Percentile £15.75 £13.88 £29.07
Median hourly rate £50.00 £22.50 £43.95
Median % change year-on-year +122.22% -48.81% +106.82%
75th Percentile £57.50 £29.50 £55.06
90th Percentile £74.50 £36.45 £59.38
Central London median hourly rate £41.50 £22.50 £41.40
% change year-on-year +84.44% -45.65% +94.82%

AWS
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing AWS as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for AWS in the City of London

AWS
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing AWS in the City of London.

Daily rate trend for AWS in the City of London

AWS
Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing AWS in the City of London over the 6 months to 29 June 2022.

Daily rate histogram for AWS in the City of London

AWS
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing AWS in the City of London.

Hourly rate trend for AWS in the City of London

For the 6 months to 29 June 2022, IT contractor jobs citing AWS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for AWS.

1 230 (38.92%) DevOps
2 205 (34.69%) Azure
3 191 (32.32%) Agile
4 183 (30.96%) CI/CD
5 174 (29.44%) Python
6 151 (25.55%) Terraform
7 150 (25.38%) Serverless
8 145 (24.53%) Docker
9 141 (23.86%) Finance
10 140 (23.69%) Java
10 140 (23.69%) Kubernetes
11 124 (20.98%) Microservices
12 104 (17.60%) Infrastructure as Code
13 102 (17.26%) AWS Lambda
13 102 (17.26%) Software Engineering
14 100 (16.92%) Jenkins
15 98 (16.58%) Linux
16 91 (15.40%) Social Skills
17 87 (14.72%) SQL
18 84 (14.21%) JavaScript
19 82 (13.87%) Git (software)
19 82 (13.87%) Kafka
20 81 (13.71%) GCP
21 70 (11.84%) Test Automation
22 66 (11.17%) Amazon EC2
23 65 (11.00%) Microsoft
24 64 (10.83%) Node.js
25 63 (10.66%) Ansible
26 58 (9.81%) Full Stack Development
27 56 (9.48%) AWS CloudFormation

AWS
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 38 (6.43%) Confluence
2 29 (4.91%) Apache Spark
3 16 (2.71%) Apache
4 15 (2.54%) Apache Airflow
5 6 (1.02%) Oracle Workflow
5 6 (1.02%) SharePoint
6 5 (0.85%) Apache Pig
6 5 (0.85%) Luigi
6 5 (0.85%) Tomcat
7 4 (0.68%) Apache Solr
8 3 (0.51%) CMS
9 2 (0.34%) Adobe Experience Manager
9 2 (0.34%) GlassFish
9 2 (0.34%) Jupyter
9 2 (0.34%) OpenStack
10 1 (0.17%) JBoss
10 1 (0.17%) Jetty
10 1 (0.17%) Oracle Coherence
10 1 (0.17%) Orchard CMS
10 1 (0.17%) SAS
Applications
1 3 (0.51%) Microsoft Excel
1 3 (0.51%) Microsoft Office
2 1 (0.17%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 6 (1.02%) Oracle Cash Management
1 6 (1.02%) Oracle Receivables
2 2 (0.34%) Cloudability
2 2 (0.34%) SAP S/4HANA
3 1 (0.17%) Oracle BPM
3 1 (0.17%) SAP Oil and Gas
3 1 (0.17%) Workfront
Cloud Services
1 205 (34.69%) Azure
2 150 (25.38%) Serverless
3 102 (17.26%) AWS Lambda
4 81 (13.71%) GCP
5 66 (11.17%) Amazon EC2
6 56 (9.48%) AWS CloudFormation
7 53 (8.97%) Amazon S3
8 44 (7.45%) Amazon CloudWatch
9 42 (7.11%) GitHub
10 37 (6.26%) SaaS
11 29 (4.91%) Amazon EKS
12 27 (4.57%) PaaS
13 26 (4.40%) Amazon ECS
14 22 (3.72%) Snowflake
15 21 (3.55%) Virtual Private Cloud
16 19 (3.21%) AWS CodePipeline
16 19 (3.21%) IaaS
17 18 (3.05%) Azure DevOps
18 16 (2.71%) GitHub Actions
19 15 (2.54%) AWS Fargate
Communications & Networking
1 32 (5.41%) DNS
2 19 (3.21%) Firewall
3 15 (2.54%) SSL
3 15 (2.54%) VPN
4 14 (2.37%) HTTP
5 11 (1.86%) Internet
6 9 (1.52%) HTTPS
7 8 (1.35%) Network Security
7 8 (1.35%) WAN
8 7 (1.18%) Kerberos
8 7 (1.18%) TCP/IP
9 6 (1.02%) DHCP
9 6 (1.02%) SD-WAN
10 5 (0.85%) tcpdump
11 4 (0.68%) Wi-Fi
12 3 (0.51%) BGP
12 3 (0.51%) IPsec
12 3 (0.51%) IPv6
12 3 (0.51%) NGN
12 3 (0.51%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 42 (7.11%) DynamoDB
2 36 (6.09%) MySQL
3 35 (5.92%) SQL Server
4 34 (5.75%) Data Warehouse
5 33 (5.58%) Amazon RDS
5 33 (5.58%) PostgreSQL
6 32 (5.41%) NoSQL
7 29 (4.91%) Big Data
8 23 (3.89%) Relational Database
9 22 (3.72%) MongoDB
10 20 (3.38%) Amazon Redshift
11 16 (2.71%) Amazon Athena
11 16 (2.71%) Data Lake
12 14 (2.37%) Hadoop
13 12 (2.03%) Apache Cassandra
14 11 (1.86%) Elasticsearch
15 10 (1.69%) Amazon Aurora
16 9 (1.52%) Flink
16 9 (1.52%) SAP HANA
17 8 (1.35%) Azure SQL Data Warehouse
Development Applications
1 100 (16.92%) Jenkins
2 82 (13.87%) Git (software)
3 49 (8.29%) JIRA
4 42 (7.11%) GitLab
5 17 (2.88%) CircleCI
6 9 (1.52%) git-flow
6 9 (1.52%) Terragrunt
7 7 (1.18%) Artifactory
7 7 (1.18%) Maven
7 7 (1.18%) TeamCity
8 6 (1.02%) Bitbucket
8 6 (1.02%) SonarQube
8 6 (1.02%) webpack
9 5 (0.85%) JMeter
9 5 (0.85%) Postman
10 4 (0.68%) Cypress.io
10 4 (0.68%) JUnit
10 4 (0.68%) RSpec
10 4 (0.68%) Selenium
10 4 (0.68%) Snakemake
General
1 141 (23.86%) Finance
2 91 (15.40%) Social Skills
3 38 (6.43%) Banking
4 36 (6.09%) Legal
5 33 (5.58%) Analytical Skills
6 32 (5.41%) Financial Institution
7 25 (4.23%) Retail
8 15 (2.54%) Presentation Skills
9 12 (2.03%) Tech for Good
10 11 (1.86%) Public Sector
11 7 (1.18%) Back Office
11 7 (1.18%) Influencing Skills
12 6 (1.02%) Marketing
13 4 (0.68%) Organisational Skills
13 4 (0.68%) Telecoms
14 3 (0.51%) Games
14 3 (0.51%) Investment Banking
14 3 (0.51%) Publishing
15 2 (0.34%) Front Office
15 2 (0.34%) International Banking
Job Titles
1 143 (24.20%) Developer
2 81 (13.71%) Architect
2 81 (13.71%) DevOps Engineer
3 80 (13.54%) AWS Engineer
4 54 (9.14%) AWS DevOps
5 43 (7.28%) AWS DevOps Engineer
6 40 (6.77%) Software Engineer
7 33 (5.58%) Java Developer
8 28 (4.74%) Solutions Architect
9 27 (4.57%) Java Engineer
9 27 (4.57%) Senior Developer
10 24 (4.06%) Data Engineer
11 21 (3.55%) AWS Architect
12 20 (3.38%) Cloud Engineer
12 20 (3.38%) Full Stack Developer
13 19 (3.21%) AWS Developer
14 17 (2.88%) Cloud Architect
15 16 (2.71%) Analyst
16 14 (2.37%) Senior Software Engineer
17 13 (2.20%) Engineering Manager
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 82 (13.87%) Kafka
2 64 (10.83%) Node.js
3 55 (9.31%) React
4 49 (8.29%) REST
5 48 (8.12%) .NET
6 35 (5.92%) Spring Boot
7 30 (5.08%) HTML
7 30 (5.08%) RESTful
8 29 (4.91%) AngularJS
9 28 (4.74%) CSS
10 26 (4.40%) Spring
11 22 (3.72%) Web Services
12 20 (3.38%) GraphQL
13 17 (2.88%) Elastic Stack
13 17 (2.88%) HTML5
14 14 (2.37%) .NET Framework
15 13 (2.20%) CSS3
16 12 (2.03%) XML
17 11 (1.86%) SOAP
17 11 (1.86%) Vue.js
Miscellaneous
1 55 (9.31%) Cloud Native
2 49 (8.29%) Public Cloud
3 33 (5.58%) Hedge funds
4 30 (5.08%) Greenfield Project
5 22 (3.72%) Data Centre
6 21 (3.55%) Self-Motivation
7 16 (2.71%) Linux Command Line
8 13 (2.20%) User Experience
9 8 (1.35%) Derivative
9 8 (1.35%) Enterprise Software
9 8 (1.35%) Management Information System
10 7 (1.18%) Data Structures
10 7 (1.18%) Legacy Systems
11 6 (1.02%) Algorithms
11 6 (1.02%) Equities
12 5 (0.85%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
12 5 (0.85%) Hybrid Cloud
12 5 (0.85%) PKI
12 5 (0.85%) Security Operations Centre
13 3 (0.51%) Blockchain
Operating Systems
1 98 (16.58%) Linux
2 49 (8.29%) Windows
3 18 (3.05%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
4 17 (2.88%) Windows Server
5 15 (2.54%) Unix
6 10 (1.69%) Ubuntu
7 6 (1.02%) Android
7 6 (1.02%) Apple iOS
7 6 (1.02%) CentOS
7 6 (1.02%) Debian
7 6 (1.02%) Windows Server 2016
8 5 (0.85%) Windows Server 2019
9 3 (0.51%) SUSE
9 3 (0.51%) Windows Server 2008
10 2 (0.34%) VMS
11 1 (0.17%) AIX
11 1 (0.17%) Mac OS
11 1 (0.17%) Oracle Linux
11 1 (0.17%) Solaris
11 1 (0.17%) Windows 10
Processes & Methodologies
1 230 (38.92%) DevOps
2 191 (32.32%) Agile
3 183 (30.96%) CI/CD
4 124 (20.98%) Microservices
5 104 (17.60%) Infrastructure as Code
6 102 (17.26%) Software Engineering
7 70 (11.84%) Test Automation
8 58 (9.81%) Full Stack Development
9 53 (8.97%) Migration
10 51 (8.63%) Continuous Integration
11 48 (8.12%) Scrum
12 40 (6.77%) Analytics
13 39 (6.60%) Data Protection
13 39 (6.60%) TDD
14 36 (6.09%) Data Pipeline
15 32 (5.41%) Data Science
16 29 (4.91%) Event-Driven
17 25 (4.23%) Configuration Management
18 24 (4.06%) Open Source
19 23 (3.89%) Problem-Solving
Programming Languages
1 174 (29.44%) Python
2 140 (23.69%) Java
3 87 (14.72%) SQL
4 84 (14.21%) JavaScript
5 51 (8.63%) Go
6 48 (8.12%) TypeScript
7 44 (7.45%) Bash
8 38 (6.43%) C#
9 31 (5.25%) PowerShell
10 29 (4.91%) Ruby
11 28 (4.74%) Scala
12 20 (3.38%) Perl
13 17 (2.88%) PHP
14 11 (1.86%) ES6
15 8 (1.35%) C++
15 8 (1.35%) Groovy
15 8 (1.35%) T-SQL
16 7 (1.18%) C
16 7 (1.18%) Shell Script
17 3 (0.51%) Kotlin
Qualifications
1 36 (6.09%) Security Cleared
2 34 (5.75%) SC Cleared
3 18 (3.05%) AWS Certification
4 14 (2.37%) Degree
5 6 (1.02%) TOGAF Certification
6 5 (0.85%) CISSP
7 4 (0.68%) BPSS Clearance
8 3 (0.51%) Cisco Certification
8 3 (0.51%) Computer Science Degree
8 3 (0.51%) DV Cleared
8 3 (0.51%) OSCP
9 2 (0.34%) CCNP
9 2 (0.34%) CISM
9 2 (0.34%) CREST Certified
9 2 (0.34%) GIAC
9 2 (0.34%) Numerate Degree
9 2 (0.34%) RHCA
10 1 (0.17%) CESG Certified Professional
10 1 (0.17%) GXPN
10 1 (0.17%) OSCE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 39 (6.60%) GDPR
2 14 (2.37%) QA
3 9 (1.52%) Data Quality
4 8 (1.35%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 5 (0.85%) Accessibility
6 3 (0.51%) NCSC
6 3 (0.51%) NIST
6 3 (0.51%) SLA
6 3 (0.51%) WCAG
7 2 (0.34%) Sarbanes-Oxley
8 1 (0.17%) IFRS
8 1 (0.17%) IFRS 17
8 1 (0.17%) PCI DSS
8 1 (0.17%) RMADS
System Software
1 145 (24.53%) Docker
2 18 (3.05%) Active Directory
3 12 (2.03%) Virtual Machines
3 12 (2.03%) VMware Infrastructure
4 4 (0.68%) Apache ZooKeeper
5 2 (0.34%) Hyper-V
5 2 (0.34%) VMware ESXi
6 1 (0.17%) Apache Flume
6 1 (0.17%) Firmware
6 1 (0.17%) NFS
6 1 (0.17%) Platform Symphony
6 1 (0.17%) Veritas File System
6 1 (0.17%) Veritas Volume Manager
6 1 (0.17%) VMware NSX
Systems Management
1 151 (25.55%) Terraform
2 140 (23.69%) Kubernetes
3 63 (10.66%) Ansible
4 24 (4.06%) Opscode Chef
5 22 (3.72%) Puppet
6 14 (2.37%) Packer
7 12 (2.03%) Prometheus
8 9 (1.52%) Grafana
9 8 (1.35%) Consul
10 7 (1.18%) Salt
11 6 (1.02%) Icinga
11 6 (1.02%) Nessus
11 6 (1.02%) SCCM
12 5 (0.85%) Hadoop YARN
13 4 (0.68%) Control-M
13 4 (0.68%) Host Intrusion Detection System
13 4 (0.68%) Network Intrusion Detection System
14 3 (0.51%) logstash
14 3 (0.51%) Nagios
14 3 (0.51%) QRadar
Vendors
1 65 (11.00%) Microsoft
2 25 (4.23%) Oracle
3 23 (3.89%) Google
4 19 (3.21%) Confluent
5 15 (2.54%) SAP
6 14 (2.37%) Salesforce.com
7 13 (2.20%) VMware
8 12 (2.03%) IBM
9 10 (1.69%) Red Hat
9 10 (1.69%) Splunk
10 9 (1.52%) Atlassian
10 9 (1.52%) Cloudera
11 8 (1.35%) F5
12 7 (1.18%) Databricks
12 7 (1.18%) Palo Alto
13 6 (1.02%) Actuate
13 6 (1.02%) BMC
13 6 (1.02%) Brio
13 6 (1.02%) MuleSoft
14 5 (0.85%) Citrix