Period
to 14 July 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for AWS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited AWS over the 6 months to 14 July 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Amazon Web Services (AWS)
Central London > City of London
6 months to
14 Jul 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 12 9 10
Rank change year-on-year -3 +1 +19
Contract jobs citing AWS 277 792 769
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the City of London 10.52% 11.87% 10.75%
As % of the Cloud Services category 32.74% 35.98% 40.99%
Number of daily rates quoted 222 655 652
Median daily rate £554 £550 £538
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +0.64% +2.33% +6.44%
10th Percentile £413 £450 £425
90th Percentile £693 £675 £700
Central London median daily rate £550 £550 £550
Number of hourly rates quoted 3 1 3
Median hourly rate £35.00 £105.00 £32.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -66.67% +228.13% +30.69%
Central London median hourly rate £35.00 £87.50 £33.50
% change year-on-year -60.00% +161.19% +36.82%

AWS is in the Cloud Services category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for cloud computing skills.

All Cloud Skills
City of London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills 846 2,201 1,876
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 32.13% 32.99% 26.23%
Number of daily rates quoted 623 1,747 1,532
Median daily rate £513 £525 £513
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -2.38% +2.44% +2.50%
10th Percentile £327 £368 £355
90th Percentile £675 £675 £675
Central London median daily rate £513 £525 £500
% change year-on-year -2.38% +5.00% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 8 14 11
Median hourly rate £38.20 £22.00 £20.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +73.64% +10.00% -6.22%
10th Percentile £22.50 £18.54 £18.50
90th Percentile £58.63 £50.63 £33.00
Median hourly rate £35.00 £21.50 £20.00
% change year-on-year +62.79% +7.50% -5.46%

AWS
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing AWS as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for AWS in the City of London

AWS
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing AWS in the City of London.

Daily rate trend for AWS in the City of London

AWS
Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing AWS in the City of London over the 6 months to 14 July 2020.

Daily rate histogram for AWS in the City of London

AWS
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing AWS in the City of London.

Hourly rate trend for AWS in the City of London

AWS
Hourly Rate Histogram in the City of London

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing AWS in the City of London over the 6 months to 14 July 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for AWS in the City of London

For the 6 months to 14 July 2020, IT contractor jobs citing AWS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for AWS.

1 119 (42.96%) DevOps
2 114 (41.16%) Azure
3 101 (36.46%) Python
4 92 (33.21%) Kubernetes
5 82 (29.60%) Docker
6 81 (29.24%) Java
7 78 (28.16%) Agile Software Development
8 75 (27.08%) Terraform
9 73 (26.35%) GCP
10 56 (20.22%) Linux
11 52 (18.77%) Jenkins
11 52 (18.77%) Microservices
12 47 (16.97%) Continuous Integration
13 44 (15.88%) SQL
13 44 (15.88%) Finance
14 37 (13.36%) Ansible
14 37 (13.36%) Infrastructure as Code
15 36 (13.00%) Serverless
15 36 (13.00%) Google
16 35 (12.64%) Test Automation
17 34 (12.27%) Big Data
18 30 (10.83%) Security Cleared
18 30 (10.83%) JavaScript
19 27 (9.75%) Software Engineering
19 27 (9.75%) Git (software)
19 27 (9.75%) AWS Lambda
20 26 (9.39%) Puppet
20 26 (9.39%) TDD
21 25 (9.03%) Spring
21 25 (9.03%) Migration

AWS
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 22 (7.94%) Apache Spark
2 14 (5.05%) Elasticsearch
3 8 (2.89%) Apache
3 8 (2.89%) Confluence
4 7 (2.53%) Tomcat
5 5 (1.81%) Apache Airflow
6 4 (1.44%) Cloud Foundry
7 3 (1.08%) nginx
7 3 (1.08%) SAS
8 2 (0.72%) OpenStack
8 2 (0.72%) SharePoint
8 2 (0.72%) WebLogic
9 1 (0.36%) Apache Pig
9 1 (0.36%) Apache Pulsar
9 1 (0.36%) Apache Solr
9 1 (0.36%) CMS
9 1 (0.36%) Exchange Server 2013
9 1 (0.36%) MQSeries
9 1 (0.36%) Oracle Workflow
9 1 (0.36%) Skype for Business
Applications
1 8 (2.89%) Microsoft Excel
2 6 (2.17%) Microsoft Office
Business Applications
1 3 (1.08%) Adobe Campaign
1 3 (1.08%) Dynamics CRM
2 2 (0.72%) Magento
3 1 (0.36%) Dynamics NAV
3 1 (0.36%) Oracle EBS
3 1 (0.36%) SAP Business ByDesign
Cloud Services
1 114 (41.16%) Azure
2 73 (26.35%) GCP
3 36 (13.00%) Serverless
4 27 (9.75%) AWS Lambda
5 22 (7.94%) Amazon EC2
5 22 (7.94%) Amazon S3
6 18 (6.50%) GitHub
7 15 (5.42%) Amazon EKS
7 15 (5.42%) AWS CloudFormation
8 13 (4.69%) Cloud Computing
9 10 (3.61%) Virtual Private Cloud
10 9 (3.25%) Amazon CloudWatch
10 9 (3.25%) Route 53
11 8 (2.89%) Amazon ECS
11 8 (2.89%) Amazon ELB
11 8 (2.89%) OpenShift
11 8 (2.89%) PaaS
12 7 (2.53%) SaaS
13 6 (2.17%) IaaS
14 5 (1.81%) Amazon Kinesis
Communications & Networking
1 12 (4.33%) SSL
2 10 (3.61%) DNS
3 9 (3.25%) HTTPS
4 7 (2.53%) TCP/IP
5 6 (2.17%) Internet
6 5 (1.81%) HTTP
7 3 (1.08%) Network Security
7 3 (1.08%) VPN
8 2 (0.72%) Firewall
8 2 (0.72%) Intrusion Detection
8 2 (0.72%) OpenVPN
8 2 (0.72%) VLAN
9 1 (0.36%) DHCP
9 1 (0.36%) FTP
9 1 (0.36%) Kerberos
9 1 (0.36%) SMTP
9 1 (0.36%) SNMP
9 1 (0.36%) VoIP
9 1 (0.36%) WAN
9 1 (0.36%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 34 (12.27%) Big Data
2 24 (8.66%) NoSQL
3 20 (7.22%) PostgreSQL
3 20 (7.22%) SQL Server
4 18 (6.50%) Hadoop
5 17 (6.14%) MySQL
6 16 (5.78%) Amazon RDS
7 14 (5.05%) MongoDB
8 12 (4.33%) Data Warehouse
8 12 (4.33%) Relational Database
9 10 (3.61%) Amazon Redshift
10 9 (3.25%) Amazon DynamoDB
11 7 (2.53%) Amazon Athena
11 7 (2.53%) Apache Cassandra
12 6 (2.17%) BigQuery
12 6 (2.17%) Data Lake
12 6 (2.17%) Redis
13 5 (1.81%) PowerPivot
13 5 (1.81%) SQL Server Analysis Services
13 5 (1.81%) SSDT
Development Applications
1 52 (18.77%) Jenkins
2 27 (9.75%) Git (software)
3 13 (4.69%) JIRA
3 13 (4.69%) Maven
4 11 (3.97%) GitLab
5 8 (2.89%) Team Foundation Server
6 7 (2.53%) Cucumber
6 7 (2.53%) Selenium
7 6 (2.17%) Ant
7 6 (2.17%) JUnit
7 6 (2.17%) TeamCity
8 5 (1.81%) Atlassian Bamboo
8 5 (1.81%) SQL Server Management Studio (SSMS)
8 5 (1.81%) Visual Studio
9 4 (1.44%) Gradle
10 3 (1.08%) Bitbucket Server
10 3 (1.08%) Mockito
10 3 (1.08%) SonarQube
11 2 (0.72%) Artifactory
11 2 (0.72%) Bitbucket
General
1 44 (15.88%) Finance
2 19 (6.86%) Public Sector
3 16 (5.78%) Banking
4 13 (4.69%) Marketing
5 8 (2.89%) Retail
6 6 (2.17%) Advertising
7 5 (1.81%) Electronics
7 5 (1.81%) Manufacturing
7 5 (1.81%) Telecoms
8 4 (1.44%) Investment Banking
8 4 (1.44%) Law
9 2 (0.72%) Front Office
9 2 (0.72%) Police
9 2 (0.72%) Publishing
10 1 (0.36%) Back Office
10 1 (0.36%) Games
10 1 (0.36%) Housing Association
10 1 (0.36%) International Banking
10 1 (0.36%) Local Government
10 1 (0.36%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 73 (26.35%) Developer
2 66 (23.83%) DevOps Engineer
3 37 (13.36%) Architect
4 36 (13.00%) Java Developer
5 31 (11.19%) AWS Engineer
6 24 (8.66%) AWS DevOps
7 23 (8.30%) Data Engineer
8 19 (6.86%) AWS DevOps Engineer
8 19 (6.86%) Cloud Engineer
9 11 (3.97%) AWS Architect
9 11 (3.97%) Full Stack Developer
9 11 (3.97%) Kubernetes Engineer
9 11 (3.97%) Senior DevOps
10 10 (3.61%) Solutions Architect
11 9 (3.25%) AWS Developer
11 9 (3.25%) Cloud Architect
12 8 (2.89%) Analyst
12 8 (2.89%) Senior DevOps Engineer
13 7 (2.53%) Security Architect
13 7 (2.53%) Senior Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 25 (9.03%) Spring
2 23 (8.30%) Web Services
3 20 (7.22%) RESTful
4 19 (6.86%) Kafka
5 17 (6.14%) HTML
5 17 (6.14%) React
6 15 (5.42%) .NET
7 14 (5.05%) Node.js
7 14 (5.05%) REST
8 13 (4.69%) CSS
9 12 (4.33%) AngularJS
9 12 (4.33%) Spring Boot
10 10 (3.61%) Elastic Stack
11 9 (3.25%) Guice
11 9 (3.25%) LDAP
11 9 (3.25%) RabbitMQ
12 8 (2.89%) JAAS
12 8 (2.89%) Spring Security
13 7 (2.53%) HTML5
13 7 (2.53%) Redux
Miscellaneous
1 19 (6.86%) Analytical Skills
2 16 (5.78%) Enterprise Software
3 15 (5.42%) Cloud Native
4 13 (4.69%) Public Cloud
5 10 (3.61%) Management Information System
6 9 (3.25%) Algorithms
7 7 (2.53%) Data Structures
8 6 (2.17%) Greenfield Project
9 5 (1.81%) Blog
9 5 (1.81%) Linux Command Line
10 4 (1.44%) Credit Risk
10 4 (1.44%) Data Centre
10 4 (1.44%) Fixed Income
10 4 (1.44%) Hybrid Cloud
10 4 (1.44%) Mobile App
11 3 (1.08%) Market Risk
11 3 (1.08%) Marketing Technology
11 3 (1.08%) Replication
12 2 (0.72%) Digital Media
12 2 (0.72%) iPad
Operating Systems
1 56 (20.22%) Linux
2 19 (6.86%) Unix
3 14 (5.05%) Windows
4 7 (2.53%) Windows Server
5 4 (1.44%) Mac OS X
6 3 (1.08%) CentOS
7 2 (0.72%) Android
7 2 (0.72%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 2 (0.72%) Windows 10
7 2 (0.72%) Windows Server 2012
8 1 (0.36%) Amazon Linux
8 1 (0.36%) Apple iOS
8 1 (0.36%) Oracle Linux
8 1 (0.36%) Solaris
8 1 (0.36%) SUSE
8 1 (0.36%) Ubuntu
8 1 (0.36%) Windows Server 2016
Processes & Methodologies
1 119 (42.96%) DevOps
2 78 (28.16%) Agile Software Development
3 52 (18.77%) Microservices
4 47 (16.97%) Continuous Integration
5 37 (13.36%) Infrastructure as Code
6 35 (12.64%) Test Automation
7 27 (9.75%) Software Engineering
8 26 (9.39%) TDD
9 25 (9.03%) Migration
10 23 (8.30%) Continuous Delivery
11 20 (7.22%) SDLC
12 19 (6.86%) Open Source
13 18 (6.50%) Configuration Management
14 17 (6.14%) Business Intelligence
14 17 (6.14%) ETL
15 16 (5.78%) Machine Learning
16 15 (5.42%) Computer Science
16 15 (5.42%) High Availability
16 15 (5.42%) Problem-Solving
17 14 (5.05%) Analytics
Programming Languages
1 101 (36.46%) Python
2 81 (29.24%) Java
3 44 (15.88%) SQL
4 30 (10.83%) JavaScript
5 23 (8.30%) C#
6 22 (7.94%) Bash Shell
7 20 (7.22%) Ruby
8 19 (6.86%) Java 8
9 14 (5.05%) Go
10 10 (3.61%) Scala
11 8 (2.89%) PHP
11 8 (2.89%) R
11 8 (2.89%) T-SQL
12 7 (2.53%) C
12 7 (2.53%) Groovy
12 7 (2.53%) Kotlin
12 7 (2.53%) PowerShell
13 6 (2.17%) Shell Script
14 5 (1.81%) C++
14 5 (1.81%) Data Analysis Expressions (DAX)
Qualifications
1 30 (10.83%) Security Cleared
2 25 (9.03%) SC Cleared
3 17 (6.14%) Degree
4 12 (4.33%) AWS Certification
5 5 (1.81%) Cisco Certification
5 5 (1.81%) ISTQB
6 4 (1.44%) Computer Science Degree
7 3 (1.08%) DV Cleared
7 3 (1.08%) Master's Degree
8 2 (0.72%) (ISC)2 CCSP
8 2 (0.72%) CCSP
8 2 (0.72%) PhD
8 2 (0.72%) SSCP
9 1 (0.36%) CCNP
9 1 (0.36%) CHECK Team Member
9 1 (0.36%) CISSP
9 1 (0.36%) ISEB
9 1 (0.36%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 8 (2.89%) QA
2 3 (1.08%) ISO/IEC 20000
3 2 (0.72%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 1 (0.36%) GDPR
4 1 (0.36%) PSD2
4 1 (0.36%) Sarbanes-Oxley
4 1 (0.36%) SLA
System Software
1 82 (29.60%) Docker
2 9 (3.25%) Active Directory
3 7 (2.53%) VMware Infrastructure
4 3 (1.08%) Apache Flume
4 3 (1.08%) HDFS
5 2 (0.72%) Oracle RAC
5 2 (0.72%) VirtualBox
5 2 (0.72%) vSphere
6 1 (0.36%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 1 (0.36%) Terminal Server
6 1 (0.36%) UAG
6 1 (0.36%) Virtual Desktop
6 1 (0.36%) Virtual Machines
6 1 (0.36%) Virtual Servers
6 1 (0.36%) VMware ESXi
Systems Management
1 92 (33.21%) Kubernetes
2 75 (27.08%) Terraform
3 37 (13.36%) Ansible
4 26 (9.39%) Puppet
5 14 (5.05%) Opscode Chef
6 13 (4.69%) Prometheus
7 9 (3.25%) Kibana
8 8 (2.89%) Grafana
9 5 (1.81%) Kubeflow
9 5 (1.81%) logstash
10 4 (1.44%) Single Sign-On
11 3 (1.08%) Rancher
11 3 (1.08%) Zipkin
12 2 (0.72%) Data Guard
12 2 (0.72%) Graphite
12 2 (0.72%) Nagios
12 2 (0.72%) Nessus
12 2 (0.72%) Oracle RMAN
13 1 (0.36%) Tivoli
13 1 (0.36%) Tivoli Storage Manager
Vendors
1 36 (13.00%) Google
2 23 (8.30%) Microsoft
3 15 (5.42%) Oracle
4 10 (3.61%) VMware
5 7 (2.53%) Cloudera
5 7 (2.53%) Salesforce.com
6 6 (2.17%) SAP
7 5 (1.81%) Atlassian
7 5 (1.81%) CyberArk
7 5 (1.81%) IBM
7 5 (1.81%) Splunk
8 4 (1.44%) Cisco
8 4 (1.44%) HP
9 3 (1.08%) Adobe
9 3 (1.08%) MapR
9 3 (1.08%) New Relic
9 3 (1.08%) Qualys
9 3 (1.08%) ServiceNow
9 3 (1.08%) Tableau
10 2 (0.72%) Thycotic