Period
to 17 October 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for AWS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited AWS over the 6 months to 17 October 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Amazon Web Services (AWS)
Central London > City of London
6 months to
17 Oct 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 10 13 11
Rank change year-on-year +3 -2 0
Contract jobs citing AWS 515 185 702
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the City of London 13.47% 10.44% 11.77%
As % of the Cloud Services category 36.12% 31.79% 34.89%
Number of daily rates quoted 393 152 584
10th Percentile £450 £363 £425
25th Percentile £500 £450 £501
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £600 £550 £550
Median % change year-on-year +9.09% - -
75th Percentile £665 £601 £631
90th Percentile £738 £638 £700
Central London median daily rate £600 £550 £550
% change year-on-year +9.09% - -
Number of hourly rates quoted 2 0 2
10th Percentile £40.93 " £23.98
25th Percentile £49.81 " £28.06
Median hourly rate £66.75 - £37.25
75th Percentile £85.81 " £47.56
90th Percentile £95.98 " £52.33
Central London median hourly rate £35.00 - £37.25

AWS is in the Cloud Services category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for cloud computing skills.

All Cloud Skills
City of London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills 1,426 582 2,012
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 37.29% 32.84% 33.74%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,100 457 1,613
10th Percentile £380 £313 £326
25th Percentile £463 £413 £435
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £513 £525
Median % change year-on-year +7.32% -2.38% -
75th Percentile £650 £588 £600
90th Percentile £732 £638 £675
Central London median daily rate £550 £518 £525
% change year-on-year +6.28% -1.43% +2.44%
Number of hourly rates quoted 10 3 18
10th Percentile £13.56 £16.00 £18.68
25th Percentile £13.88 £17.50 £20.06
Median hourly rate £14.25 £20.00 £21.00
Median % change year-on-year -28.75% -4.76% +7.69%
75th Percentile £23.56 £21.25 £23.69
90th Percentile £41.78 £22.00 £31.69
Central London median hourly rate £17.13 £20.00 £21.25
% change year-on-year -14.38% -5.88% +6.25%

AWS
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing AWS as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for AWS in the City of London

AWS
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing AWS in the City of London.

Daily rate trend for AWS in the City of London

AWS
Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing AWS in the City of London over the 6 months to 17 October 2021.

Daily rate histogram for AWS in the City of London

AWS
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing AWS in the City of London.

Hourly rate trend for AWS in the City of London

AWS
Hourly Rate Histogram in the City of London

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing AWS in the City of London over the 6 months to 17 October 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for AWS in the City of London

AWS
Contract Job Locations in the City of London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing AWS within the City of London region over the 6 months to 17 October 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London Bridge 0 11 £650 +8.33%
AWS
Central London

For the 6 months to 17 October 2021, IT contractor jobs citing AWS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for AWS.

1 220 (42.72%) Agile Software Development
2 208 (40.39%) Azure
3 202 (39.22%) DevOps
4 147 (28.54%) Java
4 147 (28.54%) Docker
5 121 (23.50%) Microservices
6 120 (23.30%) Kubernetes
7 118 (22.91%) Python
8 115 (22.33%) Git (software)
9 105 (20.39%) SQL
10 101 (19.61%) TDD
11 99 (19.22%) Finance
12 95 (18.45%) Terraform
13 91 (17.67%) Jenkins
14 90 (17.48%) JavaScript
15 86 (16.70%) AngularJS
16 83 (16.12%) Social Skills
17 74 (14.37%) Software Engineering
17 74 (14.37%) Serverless
18 71 (13.79%) Node.js
19 68 (13.20%) GCP
20 65 (12.62%) AWS Lambda
21 63 (12.23%) Web Services
22 58 (11.26%) .NET
23 54 (10.49%) React
24 52 (10.10%) Kafka
24 52 (10.10%) Infrastructure as Code
25 51 (9.90%) Full Stack Development
25 51 (9.90%) Spring
26 50 (9.71%) Continuous Integration

AWS
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 25 (4.85%) Apache Spark
2 14 (2.72%) Elasticsearch
3 10 (1.94%) Apache
3 10 (1.94%) Confluence
4 9 (1.75%) Apache Airflow
5 5 (0.97%) CMS
6 4 (0.78%) SharePoint
7 3 (0.58%) Moodle
8 2 (0.39%) OpenStack
9 1 (0.19%) ArcGIS
9 1 (0.19%) BizTalk Server
9 1 (0.19%) IIS
9 1 (0.19%) Jupyter
9 1 (0.19%) Mule
9 1 (0.19%) nginx
9 1 (0.19%) Tornado
9 1 (0.19%) WordPress
Applications
1 1 (0.19%) Microsoft Excel
1 1 (0.19%) Microsoft Office
1 1 (0.19%) Microsoft PowerPoint
Business Applications
1 3 (0.58%) Cloudability
2 1 (0.19%) Oracle Applications
2 1 (0.19%) Oracle EBS
2 1 (0.19%) Oracle Financials
2 1 (0.19%) Payment Gateway
2 1 (0.19%) Salesforce.com CRM
2 1 (0.19%) SAP ERP
2 1 (0.19%) SAP S/4HANA
Cloud Services
1 208 (40.39%) Azure
2 74 (14.37%) Serverless
3 68 (13.20%) GCP
4 65 (12.62%) AWS Lambda
5 43 (8.35%) AWS CloudFormation
6 33 (6.41%) Amazon S3
7 32 (6.21%) Amazon EC2
8 29 (5.63%) GitHub
9 28 (5.44%) SaaS
10 27 (5.24%) Amazon ECS
11 22 (4.27%) PaaS
12 19 (3.69%) Amazon EKS
13 17 (3.30%) Amazon SQS
14 16 (3.11%) Amazon CloudWatch
14 16 (3.11%) Cloud Computing
15 14 (2.72%) Amazon EMR
16 13 (2.52%) IaaS
16 13 (2.52%) Virtual Private Cloud
17 11 (2.14%) AWS Fargate
17 11 (2.14%) Power Platform
Communications & Networking
1 17 (3.30%) HTTP
2 16 (3.11%) Firewall
3 12 (2.33%) DNS
4 11 (2.14%) HTTPS
5 10 (1.94%) BGP
5 10 (1.94%) TCP/IP
6 6 (1.17%) VPN
7 4 (0.78%) SNMP
8 3 (0.58%) Kerberos
8 3 (0.58%) SD-WAN
9 2 (0.39%) 5G
9 2 (0.39%) Broadband
9 2 (0.39%) Network Security
9 2 (0.39%) SAN
9 2 (0.39%) TACACS
9 2 (0.39%) WAN
9 2 (0.39%) Wireless
10 1 (0.19%) Cisco ASA
10 1 (0.19%) IPsec
10 1 (0.19%) NAS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 36 (6.99%) NoSQL
2 29 (5.63%) MongoDB
3 26 (5.05%) Amazon DynamoDB
3 26 (5.05%) SQL Server
4 25 (4.85%) Big Data
5 23 (4.47%) PostgreSQL
6 22 (4.27%) Data Warehouse
6 22 (4.27%) MySQL
7 20 (3.88%) Amazon Redshift
8 19 (3.69%) Hadoop
9 18 (3.50%) Data Lake
10 17 (3.30%) Relational Database
11 12 (2.33%) Amazon RDS
12 11 (2.14%) Power BI
13 10 (1.94%) Amazon Athena
14 9 (1.75%) Apache Hive
14 9 (1.75%) Redis
15 8 (1.55%) Oracle Database
15 8 (1.55%) RDBMS
16 6 (1.17%) BigQuery
Development Applications
1 115 (22.33%) Git (software)
2 91 (17.67%) Jenkins
3 30 (5.83%) JIRA
4 29 (5.63%) Maven
5 25 (4.85%) Cucumber
6 24 (4.66%) Visual Studio
7 15 (2.91%) Subversion
8 11 (2.14%) Bitbucket
9 9 (1.75%) Grunt
9 9 (1.75%) webpack
10 7 (1.36%) GitLab
11 6 (1.17%) JUnit
11 6 (1.17%) Mockito
12 5 (0.97%) Atlassian Bamboo
12 5 (0.97%) gulp
12 5 (0.97%) Jasmine
12 5 (0.97%) PhantomJS
12 5 (0.97%) Selenium
12 5 (0.97%) TeamCity
13 4 (0.78%) Bower
General
1 99 (19.22%) Finance
2 83 (16.12%) Social Skills
3 45 (8.74%) Banking
4 29 (5.63%) Analytical Skills
5 22 (4.27%) Financial Institution
5 22 (4.27%) Investment Banking
6 21 (4.08%) Legal
6 21 (4.08%) Public Sector
7 20 (3.88%) Front Office
8 13 (2.52%) Retail
9 11 (2.14%) Marketing
10 7 (1.36%) Law
11 6 (1.17%) Influencing Skills
12 5 (0.97%) Presentation Skills
13 4 (0.78%) Manufacturing
13 4 (0.78%) Telecoms
14 3 (0.58%) Billing
15 2 (0.39%) Advertising
15 2 (0.39%) International Banking
15 2 (0.39%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 177 (34.37%) Developer
2 80 (15.53%) Architect
3 50 (9.71%) Java Developer
4 48 (9.32%) AWS Engineer
5 45 (8.74%) DevOps Engineer
6 40 (7.77%) Java Engineer
7 31 (6.02%) Cloud Engineer
8 30 (5.83%) C# Developer
9 28 (5.44%) Data Engineer
10 25 (4.85%) Backend Developer
11 22 (4.27%) AWS Architect
11 22 (4.27%) PHP Developer
12 21 (4.08%) Python Developer
13 20 (3.88%) Senior Developer
13 20 (3.88%) Software Engineer
13 20 (3.88%) Solutions Architect
14 18 (3.50%) Full Stack Developer
15 17 (3.30%) AWS DevOps
15 17 (3.30%) Cloud Architect
15 17 (3.30%) Senior Java Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 86 (16.70%) AngularJS
2 71 (13.79%) Node.js
3 63 (12.23%) Web Services
4 58 (11.26%) .NET
5 54 (10.49%) React
6 52 (10.10%) Kafka
7 51 (9.90%) Spring
8 48 (9.32%) HTML
8 48 (9.32%) REST
9 43 (8.35%) CSS
10 32 (6.21%) Spring Boot
11 30 (5.83%) HTML5
12 28 (5.44%) Vue.js
13 26 (5.05%) Sass
14 22 (4.27%) CSS3
15 20 (3.88%) Laravel
15 20 (3.88%) LESS
15 20 (3.88%) Vuetify.js
16 19 (3.69%) RESTful
16 19 (3.69%) Vert.x
Miscellaneous
1 28 (5.44%) Hedge funds
2 23 (4.47%) Derivative
2 23 (4.47%) Public Cloud
3 22 (4.27%) Cloud Native
3 22 (4.27%) Interest Rate Derivative
4 19 (3.69%) Legacy Systems
5 16 (3.11%) Algorithms
5 16 (3.11%) Data Centre
6 13 (2.52%) Greenfield Project
7 12 (2.33%) Data Structures
7 12 (2.33%) Fixed Income
7 12 (2.33%) Hybrid Cloud
8 10 (1.94%) Equities
8 10 (1.94%) Self-Motivation
9 9 (1.75%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
10 7 (1.36%) Enterprise Software
11 6 (1.17%) Client/Server
11 6 (1.17%) PKI
12 5 (0.97%) Mobile App
12 5 (0.97%) Replication
Operating Systems
1 37 (7.18%) Linux
2 25 (4.85%) Windows
3 10 (1.94%) Unix
4 8 (1.55%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 5 (0.97%) CentOS
5 5 (0.97%) Windows Server
6 3 (0.58%) Windows Server 2012
7 2 (0.39%) Solaris
7 2 (0.39%) Windows Server 2019
8 1 (0.19%) Mac OS
8 1 (0.19%) Mac OS X
8 1 (0.19%) Ubuntu
8 1 (0.19%) Windows 10
8 1 (0.19%) Windows Server 2008
8 1 (0.19%) Windows Server 2016
Processes & Methodologies
1 220 (42.72%) Agile Software Development
2 202 (39.22%) DevOps
3 121 (23.50%) Microservices
4 101 (19.61%) TDD
5 74 (14.37%) Software Engineering
6 52 (10.10%) Infrastructure as Code
7 51 (9.90%) Full Stack Development
8 50 (9.71%) Continuous Integration
9 38 (7.38%) Analytics
10 37 (7.18%) MVC
11 34 (6.60%) Migration
12 31 (6.02%) Scrum
13 28 (5.44%) BDD
14 26 (5.05%) Problem-Solving
14 26 (5.05%) Test Automation
15 25 (4.85%) Decision-Making
16 24 (4.66%) Data Modelling
17 23 (4.47%) Business Intelligence
17 23 (4.47%) Data Pipeline
17 23 (4.47%) Infrastructure Engineering
Programming Languages
1 147 (28.54%) Java
2 118 (22.91%) Python
3 105 (20.39%) SQL
4 90 (17.48%) JavaScript
5 49 (9.51%) C#
5 49 (9.51%) TypeScript
6 26 (5.05%) PHP
7 22 (4.27%) Bash Shell
8 18 (3.50%) C++
8 18 (3.50%) Java 8
9 16 (3.11%) Scala
10 13 (2.52%) Go
11 12 (2.33%) PowerShell
12 8 (1.55%) Java 11
12 8 (1.55%) Ruby
13 7 (1.36%) C
13 7 (1.36%) ES6
14 5 (0.97%) Kotlin
14 5 (0.97%) Shell Script
15 4 (0.78%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 25 (4.85%) Degree
2 19 (3.69%) AWS Certification
3 16 (3.11%) Security Cleared
4 11 (2.14%) Computer Science Degree
5 8 (1.55%) SC Cleared
6 5 (0.97%) CISSP
6 5 (0.97%) ITIL Certification
6 5 (0.97%) Sun Certification
7 4 (0.78%) Cisco Certification
8 3 (0.58%) CCIE
8 3 (0.58%) OCPJP
9 2 (0.39%) CCNA
9 2 (0.39%) CISA
9 2 (0.39%) CISM
9 2 (0.39%) CRISC
9 2 (0.39%) ISEB
10 1 (0.19%) CCNP
10 1 (0.19%) Citrix Certification
10 1 (0.19%) CTC Cleared
10 1 (0.19%) DV Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 22 (4.27%) GDPR
2 13 (2.52%) QA
3 5 (0.97%) PCI DSS
4 2 (0.39%) GRC
4 2 (0.39%) IFRS
4 2 (0.39%) Sarbanes-Oxley
5 1 (0.19%) Accessibility
5 1 (0.19%) COBIT
5 1 (0.19%) Data Quality
5 1 (0.19%) IFRS 9
5 1 (0.19%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 1 (0.19%) NCSC
5 1 (0.19%) PMO
System Software
1 147 (28.54%) Docker
2 15 (2.91%) Active Directory
3 14 (2.72%) VMware Infrastructure
4 5 (0.97%) VMware ESXi
5 3 (0.58%) NFS
6 2 (0.39%) Veritas File System
6 2 (0.39%) Veritas Volume Manager
7 1 (0.19%) LXC
7 1 (0.19%) Oracle RAC
7 1 (0.19%) Terminal Services
7 1 (0.19%) Virtual Desktop
7 1 (0.19%) Virtual Machines
7 1 (0.19%) Virtual Servers
7 1 (0.19%) VMware NSX
Systems Management
1 120 (23.30%) Kubernetes
2 95 (18.45%) Terraform
3 29 (5.63%) Ansible
4 24 (4.66%) Puppet
5 15 (2.91%) Prometheus
6 11 (2.14%) Packer
7 10 (1.94%) Opscode Chef
8 9 (1.75%) Consul
9 5 (0.97%) Grafana
9 5 (0.97%) Icinga
10 3 (0.58%) Control-M
10 3 (0.58%) EMC NetWorker
10 3 (0.58%) Netcool
10 3 (0.58%) QRadar
10 3 (0.58%) Tivoli
10 3 (0.58%) Tivoli Storage Manager
11 2 (0.39%) Hadoop YARN
11 2 (0.39%) Nagios
11 2 (0.39%) Nessus
11 2 (0.39%) Red Hat Satellite
Vendors
1 41 (7.96%) Oracle
2 23 (4.47%) Microsoft
3 20 (3.88%) VMware
4 19 (3.69%) Google
5 15 (2.91%) Splunk
6 11 (2.14%) Confluent
7 10 (1.94%) Salesforce.com
8 8 (1.55%) EMC
9 7 (1.36%) Citrix
10 6 (1.17%) IBM
10 6 (1.17%) NetApp
11 5 (0.97%) Databricks
11 5 (0.97%) HP
12 4 (0.78%) CyberArk
12 4 (0.78%) Qualys
12 4 (0.78%) SAP
12 4 (0.78%) ServiceNow
13 3 (0.58%) BMC
13 3 (0.58%) Red Hat
13 3 (0.58%) Sun