Period
to

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for Web Services skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Web Services over the 6 months to 27 May 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Web Services
Central London > City of London
6 months to
27 May 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 114 86 72
Rank change year-on-year -28 -14 +9
Contract jobs citing Web Services 70 68 89
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the City of London 1.66% 2.36% 2.86%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 5.39% 7.08% 8.44%
Number of daily rates quoted 56 57 64
10th Percentile £363 £413 £378
25th Percentile £436 £450 £413
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £525 £500
Median % change year-on-year - +5.00% -4.76%
75th Percentile £656 £590 £578
90th Percentile £716 £715 £659
Central London median daily rate £525 £525 £500
% change year-on-year - +5.00% -4.76%

Web Services is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
City of London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 1,298 960 1,055
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 30.77% 33.38% 33.91%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,040 721 826
10th Percentile £425 £391 £381
25th Percentile £500 £463 £450
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £600 £550 £525
Median % change year-on-year +9.09% +4.76% -
75th Percentile £713 £638 £619
90th Percentile £800 £713 £688
Central London median daily rate £600 £550 £525
% change year-on-year +9.09% +4.76% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 2 4 5
10th Percentile £49.33 £15.38 £27.20
25th Percentile £53.94 £15.94 £32.75
Median hourly rate £62.25 £18.75 £46.50
Median % change year-on-year +232.00% -59.68% +11.39%
75th Percentile £69.94 £23.31 £57.50
90th Percentile £74.18 £24.78 £59.75
Central London median hourly rate £62.25 £18.75 £50.75
% change year-on-year +232.00% -63.05% +17.60%

Web Services
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing Web Services as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for Web Services in the City of London

Web Services
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Web Services in the City of London.

Daily rate trend for Web Services in the City of London

Web Services
Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Web Services in the City of London over the 6 months to 27 May 2022.

Daily rate histogram for Web Services in the City of London

Web Services
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Web Services in the City of London.

Hourly rate trend for Web Services in the City of London

For the 6 months to 27 May 2022, IT contractor jobs citing Web Services also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for Web Services.

1 34 (48.57%) Java
2 31 (44.29%) JavaScript
3 27 (38.57%) REST
4 26 (37.14%) Agile
5 21 (30.00%) AWS
6 20 (28.57%) Git (software)
6 20 (28.57%) RESTful
6 20 (28.57%) CI/CD
7 19 (27.14%) Microservices
7 19 (27.14%) HTML
8 17 (24.29%) Azure
8 17 (24.29%) Jenkins
9 16 (22.86%) DevOps
10 15 (21.43%) Social Skills
10 15 (21.43%) Full Stack Development
10 15 (21.43%) Scrum
11 14 (20.00%) Finance
11 14 (20.00%) CSS
11 14 (20.00%) AngularJS
12 13 (18.57%) Docker
12 13 (18.57%) Oracle
12 13 (18.57%) TDD
13 12 (17.14%) Node.js
13 12 (17.14%) Spring
13 12 (17.14%) Software Engineering
13 12 (17.14%) Unit Testing
14 11 (15.71%) HTML5
14 11 (15.71%) SQL Server
14 11 (15.71%) SQL
15 10 (14.29%) Python

Web Services
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 5 (7.14%) JBoss
1 5 (7.14%) Tomcat
2 4 (5.71%) Apache
3 3 (4.29%) CMS
3 3 (4.29%) IIS
4 2 (2.86%) Apache Solr
4 2 (2.86%) Apache Spark
4 2 (2.86%) Confluence
4 2 (2.86%) Elasticsearch
5 1 (1.43%) Apache Airflow
5 1 (1.43%) Apache Pig
5 1 (1.43%) Documentum
5 1 (1.43%) FileNet
5 1 (1.43%) Oracle Coherence
5 1 (1.43%) Red Hat Fuse
5 1 (1.43%) WebSphere
Business Applications
1 2 (2.86%) WebTrends
2 1 (1.43%) Oracle ERP
Cloud Services
1 21 (30.00%) AWS
2 17 (24.29%) Azure
3 7 (10.00%) Serverless
4 6 (8.57%) Amazon CloudWatch
4 6 (8.57%) AWS CloudFormation
4 6 (8.57%) AWS Lambda
5 4 (5.71%) GCP
5 4 (5.71%) GitHub
6 2 (2.86%) Azure Machine Learning
6 2 (2.86%) Google Analytics
6 2 (2.86%) Google Compute Engine
6 2 (2.86%) PaaS
6 2 (2.86%) Salesforce Service Cloud
7 1 (1.43%) Amazon EC2
7 1 (1.43%) Amazon ECS
7 1 (1.43%) Force.com
7 1 (1.43%) SaaS
7 1 (1.43%) Veeva
Communications & Networking
1 3 (4.29%) Firewall
2 2 (2.86%) HTTP
2 2 (2.86%) Internet
2 2 (2.86%) Intranet
3 1 (1.43%) DMZ
3 1 (1.43%) Kerberos
3 1 (1.43%) Network Security
3 1 (1.43%) SSL
3 1 (1.43%) VPN
3 1 (1.43%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 11 (15.71%) SQL Server
2 6 (8.57%) MongoDB
3 5 (7.14%) NoSQL
4 4 (5.71%) Relational Database
5 2 (2.86%) Apache Ignite
5 2 (2.86%) Oracle Database
6 1 (1.43%) Apache Hive
6 1 (1.43%) Big Data
6 1 (1.43%) Data Lake
6 1 (1.43%) Flink
6 1 (1.43%) Hadoop
6 1 (1.43%) Hazelcast
6 1 (1.43%) HBase
6 1 (1.43%) Infinispan
6 1 (1.43%) MySQL
6 1 (1.43%) PostgreSQL
6 1 (1.43%) RDBMS
6 1 (1.43%) SQL Server Analysis Services
6 1 (1.43%) SQL Server Integration Services
6 1 (1.43%) SQL Server Reporting Services
Development Applications
1 20 (28.57%) Git (software)
2 17 (24.29%) Jenkins
3 10 (14.29%) Maven
4 5 (7.14%) Cucumber
4 5 (7.14%) JIRA
4 5 (7.14%) JUnit
4 5 (7.14%) Selenium
5 4 (5.71%) Bitbucket
5 4 (5.71%) Mockito
6 3 (4.29%) GitLab
6 3 (4.29%) IntelliJ
6 3 (4.29%) jMock
6 3 (4.29%) NUnit
7 2 (2.86%) Babel
7 2 (2.86%) Cypress.io
7 2 (2.86%) ESLint
7 2 (2.86%) Gradle
7 2 (2.86%) Postman
7 2 (2.86%) Storybook
7 2 (2.86%) TestNG
General
1 15 (21.43%) Social Skills
2 14 (20.00%) Finance
3 8 (11.43%) Banking
4 5 (7.14%) Analytical Skills
4 5 (7.14%) Financial Institution
4 5 (7.14%) Legal
4 5 (7.14%) Public Sector
5 3 (4.29%) Presentation Skills
6 1 (1.43%) Billing
6 1 (1.43%) Front Office
6 1 (1.43%) German Language
6 1 (1.43%) International Banking
6 1 (1.43%) Investment Banking
6 1 (1.43%) Organisational Skills
6 1 (1.43%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 43 (61.43%) Developer
2 9 (12.86%) Java Developer
3 8 (11.43%) AWS Developer
4 7 (10.00%) PHP Developer
4 7 (10.00%) Senior Developer
5 5 (7.14%) Node.js Developer
6 4 (5.71%) ServiceNow Developer
7 3 (4.29%) .NET Developer
7 3 (4.29%) Delivery Manager
7 3 (4.29%) Java Engineer
7 3 (4.29%) Public Sector Delivery Manager
7 3 (4.29%) Senior Java Developer
8 2 (2.86%) Administrator
8 2 (2.86%) Analyst
8 2 (2.86%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
8 2 (2.86%) Java Software Engineer
8 2 (2.86%) Python Developer
8 2 (2.86%) Python Software Engineer
8 2 (2.86%) Salesforce Developer
8 2 (2.86%) Web Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 27 (38.57%) REST
2 20 (28.57%) RESTful
3 19 (27.14%) HTML
4 14 (20.00%) AngularJS
4 14 (20.00%) CSS
5 12 (17.14%) Node.js
5 12 (17.14%) Spring
6 11 (15.71%) HTML5
7 10 (14.29%) JSON
7 10 (14.29%) Kafka
7 10 (14.29%) Spring Boot
8 9 (12.86%) CSS3
8 9 (12.86%) SOAP
8 9 (12.86%) Vue.js
8 9 (12.86%) XML
9 7 (10.00%) Laravel
9 7 (10.00%) LESS
9 7 (10.00%) Sass
9 7 (10.00%) Vuetify.js
10 6 (8.57%) Ajax
Miscellaneous
1 6 (8.57%) Cloud Native
2 5 (7.14%) Hedge funds
3 3 (4.29%) CMDB
3 3 (4.29%) Linux Command Line
3 3 (4.29%) Public Cloud
4 2 (2.86%) Enterprise Software
4 2 (2.86%) Greenfield Project
5 1 (1.43%) Algorithms
5 1 (1.43%) Blog
5 1 (1.43%) Credit Risk
5 1 (1.43%) Data Structures
5 1 (1.43%) DataPower
5 1 (1.43%) Grid Computing
5 1 (1.43%) Management Information System
5 1 (1.43%) Market Risk
5 1 (1.43%) N-Tier
5 1 (1.43%) PKI
5 1 (1.43%) Reference Data
5 1 (1.43%) SWIFT
5 1 (1.43%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 8 (11.43%) Linux
2 6 (8.57%) Unix
3 5 (7.14%) Windows
4 1 (1.43%) Android
4 1 (1.43%) Apple iOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 26 (37.14%) Agile
2 20 (28.57%) CI/CD
3 19 (27.14%) Microservices
4 16 (22.86%) DevOps
5 15 (21.43%) Full Stack Development
5 15 (21.43%) Scrum
6 13 (18.57%) TDD
7 12 (17.14%) Software Engineering
7 12 (17.14%) Unit Testing
8 10 (14.29%) MVC
9 9 (12.86%) Problem-Solving
10 8 (11.43%) API Design
10 8 (11.43%) Data Protection
11 7 (10.00%) Code Coverage
11 7 (10.00%) Open Source
11 7 (10.00%) Test Automation
12 6 (8.57%) Continuous Integration
12 6 (8.57%) Integration Testing
12 6 (8.57%) SDLC
13 5 (7.14%) API Testing
Programming Languages
1 34 (48.57%) Java
2 31 (44.29%) JavaScript
3 11 (15.71%) SQL
4 10 (14.29%) Python
4 10 (14.29%) TypeScript
5 8 (11.43%) ES6
6 7 (10.00%) PHP
7 4 (5.71%) C#
7 4 (5.71%) Scala
8 3 (4.29%) Bash
9 2 (2.86%) Apex Code
9 2 (2.86%) C
9 2 (2.86%) PL/SQL
9 2 (2.86%) Shell Script
10 1 (1.43%) Groovy
10 1 (1.43%) Perl
10 1 (1.43%) Ruby
10 1 (1.43%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 7 (10.00%) SC Cleared
1 7 (10.00%) Security Cleared
2 3 (4.29%) Degree
3 1 (1.43%) CCNA
3 1 (1.43%) CEH
3 1 (1.43%) CISA
3 1 (1.43%) Cisco Certification
3 1 (1.43%) CISM
3 1 (1.43%) CISSP
3 1 (1.43%) Computer Science Degree
3 1 (1.43%) CREST Certified
3 1 (1.43%) DV Cleared
3 1 (1.43%) GPEN
3 1 (1.43%) GXPN
3 1 (1.43%) Master's Degree
3 1 (1.43%) OSCE
3 1 (1.43%) OSCP
3 1 (1.43%) OSWP
3 1 (1.43%) Sun Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 6 (8.57%) QA
2 5 (7.14%) Accessibility
2 5 (7.14%) GDPR
3 2 (2.86%) WCAG
4 1 (1.43%) Data Quality
System Software
1 13 (18.57%) Docker
2 2 (2.86%) Ceph
Systems Management
1 7 (10.00%) Terraform
2 3 (4.29%) Kubernetes
3 2 (2.86%) Ansible
3 2 (2.86%) Rancher
4 1 (1.43%) Ambari
Vendors
1 13 (18.57%) Oracle
2 6 (8.57%) ServiceNow
3 5 (7.14%) Google
3 5 (7.14%) Microsoft
4 3 (4.29%) Atlassian
4 3 (4.29%) IBM
5 2 (2.86%) FatWire
5 2 (2.86%) Salesforce.com
6 1 (1.43%) CA Agile Central
6 1 (1.43%) Cloudera
6 1 (1.43%) Informatica
6 1 (1.43%) MicroStrategy
6 1 (1.43%) SAP
6 1 (1.43%) Sun
6 1 (1.43%) Teradata