Period
to 5 June 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the North West with a requirement for Linux skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Linux over the 6 months to 5 June 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Linux
England > North West
6 months to
5 Jun 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 20 18 21
Rank change year-on-year -2 +3 -4
Contract jobs citing Linux 209 367 427
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the North West 7.49% 7.22% 7.30%
As % of the Operating Systems category 31.57% 37.11% 38.16%
Number of daily rates quoted 172 252 290
Median daily rate £474 £475 £438
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -0.26% +8.57% +2.94%
10th Percentile £345 £313 £300
90th Percentile £613 £625 £600
England median daily rate £495 £500 £500
% change year-on-year -1.00% - +5.26%
Number of hourly rates quoted 5 2 6
Median hourly rate £41.50 £43.75 £35.75
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -5.14% +22.38% -10.63%
10th Percentile £24.68 £36.63 £21.25
90th Percentile £43.50 £51.88 £54.38
England median hourly rate £47.00 £45.00 £41.50
% change year-on-year +4.44% +8.43% +3.75%

Linux is in the Operating Systems category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the North West with a requirement for operating system skills.

All Operating Systems
North West
Contract vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills 662 989 1,119
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the North West 23.74% 19.47% 19.12%
Number of daily rates quoted 427 645 644
Median daily rate £388 £400 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -3.13% - -
10th Percentile £133 £147 £155
90th Percentile £564 £606 £563
England median daily rate £425 £450 £443
% change year-on-year -5.56% +1.69% +4.12%
Number of hourly rates quoted 40 60 116
Median hourly rate £18.75 £16.00 £15.38
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +17.19% +4.07% -3.91%
10th Percentile £13.00 £11.73 £11.17
90th Percentile £35.70 £35.64 £42.00
Median hourly rate £18.00 £17.50 £17.50
% change year-on-year +2.86% - +2.94%

Linux
Job Vacancy Trend in the North West

Job postings citing Linux as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in the North West.

Job vacancy trend for Linux in the North West

Linux
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the North West

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Linux in the North West.

Daily rate trend for Linux in the North West

Linux
Daily Rate Histogram in the North West

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Linux in the North West over the 6 months to 5 June 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Linux in the North West

Linux
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the North West

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Linux in the North West.

Hourly rate trend for Linux in the North West

Linux
Hourly Rate Histogram in the North West

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Linux in the North West over the 6 months to 5 June 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for Linux in the North West

Linux
Contract Job Locations in the North West

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Linux within the North West region over the 6 months to 5 June 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Manchester -5 96 £450 -14.29% 72
Lancashire +21 46 £495 -10.00% 6
Cheshire -3 32 £517 +23.83% 11
Merseyside +16 16 £550 +18.15% 10
Cumbria -7 5 £355 +1.43% 3
Linux
England

For the 6 months to 5 June 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Linux also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the North West region with a requirement for Linux.

1 88 (42.11%) AWS
2 83 (39.71%) Windows
3 79 (37.80%) Agile Software Development
4 73 (34.93%) DevOps
5 70 (33.49%) Unix
6 64 (30.62%) Docker
7 58 (27.75%) Jenkins
8 54 (25.84%) Azure
9 53 (25.36%) VMware
10 47 (22.49%) Java
11 46 (22.01%) Python
12 45 (21.53%) Continuous Integration
13 44 (21.05%) Problem-Solving
14 43 (20.57%) Oracle
14 43 (20.57%) Analytical Skills
15 40 (19.14%) Windows Server
15 40 (19.14%) MongoDB
15 40 (19.14%) Git (software)
16 37 (17.70%) SQL
17 36 (17.22%) Bash Shell
18 34 (16.27%) Puppet
19 33 (15.79%) Terraform
20 32 (15.31%) MySQL
20 32 (15.31%) Security Cleared
20 32 (15.31%) Public Sector
21 31 (14.83%) Kubernetes
22 30 (14.35%) Opscode Chef
22 30 (14.35%) SQL Server
23 29 (13.88%) Configuration Management
23 29 (13.88%) Ansible

Linux
Co-occurring IT Skills in the North West by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 14 (6.70%) Apache
2 10 (4.78%) Apache Spark
3 7 (3.35%) WebSphere
4 6 (2.87%) IIS
4 6 (2.87%) nginx
4 6 (2.87%) Tomcat
4 6 (2.87%) Tuxedo
5 3 (1.44%) Apache Pig
5 3 (1.44%) Confluence
5 3 (1.44%) OpenStack
5 3 (1.44%) Oracle SOA Suite
5 3 (1.44%) WebSphere Application Server
6 2 (0.96%) Documentum
6 2 (0.96%) JBoss
6 2 (0.96%) Jetty
6 2 (0.96%) Mongrel
6 2 (0.96%) WebLogic
7 1 (0.48%) CMS
7 1 (0.48%) MS Exchange
7 1 (0.48%) SAS
Applications
1 5 (2.39%) Microsoft Office
2 1 (0.48%) InVision
2 1 (0.48%) Simulink
2 1 (0.48%) Sketch
Business Applications
1 6 (2.87%) Magento
2 1 (0.48%) Cognos Planning
2 1 (0.48%) Oracle EBS
2 1 (0.48%) Oracle ERP
2 1 (0.48%) Oracle HRMS
2 1 (0.48%) Oracle Payables
2 1 (0.48%) Oracle Payroll
Cloud Services
1 88 (42.11%) AWS
2 54 (25.84%) Azure
3 19 (9.09%) Serverless
4 18 (8.61%) Amazon EC2
5 17 (8.13%) AWS Lambda
6 16 (7.66%) AWS CloudFormation
7 15 (7.18%) Amazon S3
8 14 (6.70%) GCP
9 12 (5.74%) Amazon Kinesis
9 12 (5.74%) OpenShift
10 10 (4.78%) Office 365
10 10 (4.78%) Virtual Private Cloud
11 9 (4.31%) CloudFront
12 7 (3.35%) Amazon CloudWatch
13 6 (2.87%) Amazon ELB
13 6 (2.87%) Coveralls
14 4 (1.91%) Amazon ECS
14 4 (1.91%) Amazon SQS
14 4 (1.91%) AWS CodePipeline
14 4 (1.91%) Cloud9 IDE
Communications & Networking
1 16 (7.66%) DNS
1 16 (7.66%) Firewall
2 14 (6.70%) HTTP
3 9 (4.31%) TCP/IP
4 7 (3.35%) SSL
5 5 (2.39%) DHCP
6 4 (1.91%) SNMP
7 3 (1.44%) FTP
7 3 (1.44%) SAN
7 3 (1.44%) WAN
8 2 (0.96%) BGP
8 2 (0.96%) Internet
8 2 (0.96%) IPsec
9 1 (0.48%) Intrusion Detection
9 1 (0.48%) Kerberos
9 1 (0.48%) NAS
9 1 (0.48%) OpenVPN
9 1 (0.48%) OSPF
9 1 (0.48%) Skype
9 1 (0.48%) VPN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 40 (19.14%) MongoDB
2 32 (15.31%) MySQL
3 30 (14.35%) SQL Server
4 15 (7.18%) Relational Database
5 13 (6.22%) Oracle Database
6 11 (5.26%) RDBMS
7 9 (4.31%) Amazon RDS
7 9 (4.31%) NoSQL
8 8 (3.83%) Hadoop
9 7 (3.35%) Big Data
10 5 (2.39%) Apache Hive
11 4 (1.91%) Amazon DynamoDB
11 4 (1.91%) Neo4j
11 4 (1.91%) SQL Server 2008
11 4 (1.91%) SQL Server 2012
11 4 (1.91%) SQL Server 2014
11 4 (1.91%) SQL Server 2016
12 2 (0.96%) Amazon Athena
12 2 (0.96%) BigQuery
12 2 (0.96%) Data Lake
Development Applications
1 58 (27.75%) Jenkins
2 40 (19.14%) Git (software)
3 20 (9.57%) Octopus Deploy
4 14 (6.70%) GitLab
5 13 (6.22%) Gradle
6 12 (5.74%) JIRA
6 12 (5.74%) Maven
7 10 (4.78%) SonarQube
8 9 (4.31%) Mockito
8 9 (4.31%) Subversion
9 7 (3.35%) TeamCity
10 6 (2.87%) Bitbucket Server
10 6 (2.87%) JUnit
11 5 (2.39%) Bitbucket
12 4 (1.91%) PHPUnit
13 3 (1.44%) Ant
13 3 (1.44%) Atlassian Bamboo
13 3 (1.44%) IBM UrbanCode
13 3 (1.44%) Sonatype Nexus
14 2 (0.96%) Visual Studio
General
1 32 (15.31%) Public Sector
2 16 (7.66%) Finance
3 2 (0.96%) Avionics
3 2 (0.96%) Banking
3 2 (0.96%) Legal
3 2 (0.96%) Marketing
3 2 (0.96%) Retail
3 2 (0.96%) Telecoms
4 1 (0.48%) Electronics
4 1 (0.48%) Financial Institution
4 1 (0.48%) Games
4 1 (0.48%) Manufacturing
Job Titles
1 39 (18.66%) DevOps Engineer
2 32 (15.31%) Developer
3 28 (13.40%) AWS Engineer
4 21 (10.05%) WebOps Engineer
5 18 (8.61%) Operations Engineer
6 16 (7.66%) AWS DevOps
7 15 (7.18%) Infrastructure Engineer
8 14 (6.70%) AWS DevOps Engineer
8 14 (6.70%) Web Engineer
9 13 (6.22%) Java Developer
10 11 (5.26%) Administrator
10 11 (5.26%) Cloud Engineer
11 10 (4.78%) Wintel Engineer
12 9 (4.31%) Platform Engineer
12 9 (4.31%) Unix Engineer
13 7 (3.35%) Applications Engineer
13 7 (3.35%) Architect
13 7 (3.35%) Consultant
13 7 (3.35%) DBA
14 5 (2.39%) Systems Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 13 (6.22%) Kafka
1 13 (6.22%) Middleware
2 12 (5.74%) HTML
3 11 (5.26%) REST
4 10 (4.78%) JAX-RS
5 9 (4.31%) CSS
6 8 (3.83%) .NET
6 8 (3.83%) ActiveMQ
6 8 (3.83%) Elastic Stack
7 6 (2.87%) Node.js
8 5 (2.39%) HTML5
8 5 (2.39%) J2EE
8 5 (2.39%) Spring
9 4 (1.91%) AngularJS
9 4 (1.91%) LAMP
9 4 (1.91%) React
9 4 (1.91%) Spring Boot
10 3 (1.44%) JSON
10 3 (1.44%) LDAP
10 3 (1.44%) Sensu
Miscellaneous
1 43 (20.57%) Analytical Skills
2 13 (6.22%) Data Centre
3 9 (4.31%) Public Cloud
4 7 (3.35%) Clustering
5 6 (2.87%) Linux Command Line
5 6 (2.87%) Management Information System
6 4 (1.91%) User Experience
7 3 (1.44%) Private Cloud
8 2 (0.96%) PKI
8 2 (0.96%) Security Operations Centre
9 1 (0.48%) Algorithms
9 1 (0.48%) CMDB
9 1 (0.48%) Greenfield Project
9 1 (0.48%) Mainframe
9 1 (0.48%) Mobile App
9 1 (0.48%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 83 (39.71%) Windows
2 70 (33.49%) Unix
3 40 (19.14%) Windows Server
4 22 (10.53%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 12 (5.74%) Mac OS X
6 8 (3.83%) Solaris
6 8 (3.83%) SUSE
7 7 (3.35%) CentOS
7 7 (3.35%) Windows Server 2008
7 7 (3.35%) Windows Server 2012
7 7 (3.35%) Windows Server 2016
8 5 (2.39%) AIX
8 5 (2.39%) Ubuntu
9 4 (1.91%) Windows 10
10 3 (1.44%) Android
10 3 (1.44%) VME
11 1 (0.48%) LynxOS
11 1 (0.48%) Oracle Linux
11 1 (0.48%) Windows Server 2003
11 1 (0.48%) Windows Server 2019
Processes & Methodologies
1 79 (37.80%) Agile Software Development
2 73 (34.93%) DevOps
3 45 (21.53%) Continuous Integration
4 44 (21.05%) Problem-Solving
5 29 (13.88%) Configuration Management
6 28 (13.40%) Test Automation
7 23 (11.00%) High Availability
8 22 (10.53%) Web Operations
9 21 (10.05%) Migration
10 19 (9.09%) Microservices
10 19 (9.09%) Scrum
11 17 (8.13%) Continuous Deployment
12 15 (7.18%) Infrastructure Engineering
12 15 (7.18%) Problem Management
12 15 (7.18%) TDD
13 14 (6.70%) ITIL
14 13 (6.22%) Pair Programming
15 12 (5.74%) Infrastructure as Code
15 12 (5.74%) Load Balancing
15 12 (5.74%) Project Delivery
Programming Languages
1 47 (22.49%) Java
2 46 (22.01%) Python
3 37 (17.70%) SQL
4 36 (17.22%) Bash Shell
5 23 (11.00%) Shell Script
6 15 (7.18%) JavaScript
6 15 (7.18%) PowerShell
7 14 (6.70%) PHP
8 13 (6.22%) Java 8
9 9 (4.31%) C
10 7 (3.35%) C++
11 6 (2.87%) Perl
11 6 (2.87%) Ruby
12 5 (2.39%) Groovy
13 4 (1.91%) ES6
13 4 (1.91%) PL/SQL
14 3 (1.44%) COBOL
14 3 (1.44%) R
15 2 (0.96%) Ada
15 2 (0.96%) PHP 7
Qualifications
1 32 (15.31%) Security Cleared
2 23 (11.00%) SC Cleared
3 9 (4.31%) AWS Certification
4 7 (3.35%) BPSS Clearance
5 6 (2.87%) Degree
6 4 (1.91%) DBS Check
7 3 (1.44%) CISM
7 3 (1.44%) CISSP
8 2 (0.96%) Cisco Certification
8 2 (0.96%) DV Cleared
8 2 (0.96%) GIAC
8 2 (0.96%) RHCE
8 2 (0.96%) RHCSA
9 1 (0.48%) CCIE
9 1 (0.48%) CCNP
9 1 (0.48%) CISA
9 1 (0.48%) Computer Science Degree
9 1 (0.48%) MCSE
9 1 (0.48%) Microsoft Certification
9 1 (0.48%) OSCP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 11 (5.26%) QA
2 7 (3.35%) SLA
3 4 (1.91%) Data Quality
4 2 (0.96%) Disclosure Scotland
5 1 (0.48%) GDPR
5 1 (0.48%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 1 (0.48%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
5 1 (0.48%) NIST
5 1 (0.48%) PCI DSS
System Software
1 64 (30.62%) Docker
2 27 (12.92%) Active Directory
3 8 (3.83%) Virtual Machines
4 7 (3.35%) VMware Infrastructure
5 4 (1.91%) GlusterFS
5 4 (1.91%) NFS
6 2 (0.96%) Xen
7 1 (0.48%) Apache Flume
7 1 (0.48%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 1 (0.48%) Citrix Presentation Server
7 1 (0.48%) HDFS
7 1 (0.48%) Hyper-V
7 1 (0.48%) iptables
7 1 (0.48%) ISA Server
7 1 (0.48%) VMware ESXi
7 1 (0.48%) VMware Server
Systems Management
1 34 (16.27%) Puppet
2 33 (15.79%) Terraform
3 31 (14.83%) Kubernetes
4 30 (14.35%) Opscode Chef
5 29 (13.88%) Ansible
6 20 (9.57%) Rancher
7 12 (5.74%) SCCM
8 11 (5.26%) WSUS
9 10 (4.78%) NetBackup
9 10 (4.78%) SCOM
10 8 (3.83%) Data Guard
11 6 (2.87%) Oracle RMAN
12 5 (2.39%) Grafana
13 4 (1.91%) CA Spectrum
13 4 (1.91%) logstash
13 4 (1.91%) Nagios
13 4 (1.91%) Oozie
13 4 (1.91%) Prometheus
14 3 (1.44%) Plesk
15 2 (0.96%) ZABBIX
Vendors
1 53 (25.36%) VMware
2 43 (20.57%) Oracle
3 23 (11.00%) Microsoft
4 19 (9.09%) IBM
5 17 (8.13%) Red Hat
6 13 (6.22%) Informatica
7 11 (5.26%) EMC
7 11 (5.26%) SAP
8 9 (4.31%) Google
8 9 (4.31%) IBM Sterling
8 9 (4.31%) NetApp
9 6 (2.87%) AppDynamics
10 5 (2.39%) Splunk
10 5 (2.39%) Sun
11 4 (1.91%) CA
11 4 (1.91%) Cloudera
11 4 (1.91%) PeopleSoft
11 4 (1.91%) ServiceNow
12 3 (1.44%) Dynatrace
12 3 (1.44%) Tableau