The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in Scotland with a requirement for JPA skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited JPA over the 3 months to 24 June 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Java Persistence API (JPA)
UK / Scotland
3 months to
24 Jun 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 109 140 112
Rank change year-on-year +31 -28  
Contract jobs citing JPA 3 17 25
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in Scotland 0.14% 0.58% 0.82%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 0.47% 2.59% 3.88%
Number of daily rates quoted 2 14 10
Median daily rate £325 £350 £413
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -7.14% -15.20%  
90% offered a daily rate of more than £305 £340 £356
10% offered a daily rate of more than £345 £393 £650
UK excluding London median daily rate £420 £440 £375
% change year-on-year -4.48% +17.33%  
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 0 0
Median hourly rate - - -
UK excluding London median hourly rate £52.50 £36.00 £40.00
% change year-on-year +45.83% -10.00%  

JPA is in the industry standards, technical specifications and software library and framework skills category. The next table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in Scotland with a requirement for industry standards, technical specifications and software library and framework skills.

Contract Software Library & Framework Skills
Scotland
Contract job vacancies with a requirement for industry standards, technical specifications and software library and framework skills 642 656 644
As % of all contract IT job vacancies advertised in Scotland 29.94% 22.37% 21.14%
Number of daily rates quoted 403 382 302
Median daily rate £375 £350 £350
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +7.14% -  
90% offered a daily rate of more than £300 £267 £260
10% offered a daily rate of more than £600 £426 £450
UK excluding London median daily rate £398 £375 £350
% change year-on-year +6.00% +7.14%  
Number of hourly rates quoted 5 9 12
Median hourly rate £43.39 £36.75 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +18.06% -8.12%  
UK excluding London median hourly rate £42.50 £36.00 £40.00
% change year-on-year +18.05% -10.00%  

JPA
Job Vacancy Trend in Scotland

The job posting trend of jobs advertised in Scotland citing JPA as a proportion of all contract or permanent IT jobs with a match in the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category.

Job vacancy trend for JPA in Scotland

JPA
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in Scotland

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing JPA in Scotland.

Contractor daily rate trend for JPA in Scotland

JPA
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in Scotland

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing JPA in Scotland.

Contractor hourly rate trend for JPA in Scotland

JPA
Contract Job Locations in Scotland

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing JPA within the Scotland region over the 3 months to 24 June 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 3 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Last 3 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Edinburgh +5 3 £325 -7.14%
JPA
UK

For the 6 months to 24 June 2017, IT contractor jobs citing JPA also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads across the Scotland region with a requirement for JPA.

1 10 (100.00%) Java
2 9 (90.00%) Hibernate
3 7 (70.00%) Maven
3 7 (70.00%) Java EE
4 6 (60.00%) Red Hat
4 6 (60.00%) JBoss
4 6 (60.00%) SOA
4 6 (60.00%) Continuous Integration
4 6 (60.00%) REST
4 6 (60.00%) AngularJS
5 5 (50.00%) Drools
5 5 (50.00%) Oracle SOA Suite
5 5 (50.00%) Oracle Database
5 5 (50.00%) jBPM
5 5 (50.00%) MVC
5 5 (50.00%) Eclipse
5 5 (50.00%) JMS
5 5 (50.00%) Oracle
5 5 (50.00%) SOAP
6 4 (40.00%) Web Services
6 4 (40.00%) XML
6 4 (40.00%) XSD
6 4 (40.00%) XSLT
6 4 (40.00%) HTML
6 4 (40.00%) Agile Software Development
6 4 (40.00%) TDD
6 4 (40.00%) Spring
6 4 (40.00%) SC Cleared
6 4 (40.00%) Security Cleared
6 4 (40.00%) Git (software)

JPA
Co-occurring IT Skills in Scotland by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 6 (60.00%) JBoss
2 5 (50.00%) Oracle SOA Suite
3 2 (20.00%) Apache
3 2 (20.00%) Tomcat
4 1 (10.00%) CMS
4 1 (10.00%) Confluence
4 1 (10.00%) Elasticsearch
4 1 (10.00%) OpenStack
Business Applications
1 1 (10.00%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
1 1 (10.00%) Oracle BPM
Cloud Services
1 1 (10.00%) Amazon AWS
1 1 (10.00%) Microsoft Azure
1 1 (10.00%) OpenShift
Database & Business Intelligence
1 5 (50.00%) Oracle Database
2 1 (10.00%) GIS
2 1 (10.00%) MongoDB
2 1 (10.00%) NoSQL
2 1 (10.00%) PostgreSQL
2 1 (10.00%) RDBMS
2 1 (10.00%) Relational Database
Development Applications
1 7 (70.00%) Maven
2 5 (50.00%) Eclipse
3 4 (40.00%) Git (software)
4 3 (30.00%) Subversion
5 1 (10.00%) Ant
5 1 (10.00%) Jenkins
5 1 (10.00%) JIRA
5 1 (10.00%) JMeter
5 1 (10.00%) JUnit
5 1 (10.00%) SonarQube
General
1 1 (10.00%) Banking
1 1 (10.00%) Finance
Job Titles
1 7 (70.00%) Developer
1 7 (70.00%) Java Developer
2 2 (20.00%) Architect
2 2 (20.00%) Java Architect
2 2 (20.00%) Lead Developer
2 2 (20.00%) Lead Java Developer
2 2 (20.00%) Technical Developer
2 2 (20.00%) Technical Leader
3 1 (10.00%) Angular Developer
3 1 (10.00%) DevOps Engineer
3 1 (10.00%) Java Engineer
3 1 (10.00%) SC Cleared Java Developer
3 1 (10.00%) Senior Developer
3 1 (10.00%) Senior Java Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 9 (90.00%) Hibernate
2 7 (70.00%) Java EE
3 6 (60.00%) AngularJS
3 6 (60.00%) REST
4 5 (50.00%) Drools
4 5 (50.00%) jBPM
4 5 (50.00%) JMS
4 5 (50.00%) SOAP
5 4 (40.00%) HTML
5 4 (40.00%) Spring
5 4 (40.00%) Web Services
5 4 (40.00%) XML
5 4 (40.00%) XSD
5 4 (40.00%) XSLT
6 3 (30.00%) Apache Camel
6 3 (30.00%) HTML5
6 3 (30.00%) JSON
7 2 (20.00%) JSF
8 1 (10.00%) Ajax
8 1 (10.00%) JTA
Miscellaneous
1 1 (10.00%) W3C
Operating Systems
1 2 (20.00%) Linux
1 2 (20.00%) Unix
2 1 (10.00%) Android
2 1 (10.00%) Apple iOS
2 1 (10.00%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
2 1 (10.00%) Solaris
2 1 (10.00%) Windows
Processes & Methodologies
1 6 (60.00%) Continuous Integration
1 6 (60.00%) SOA
2 5 (50.00%) MVC
3 4 (40.00%) Agile Software Development
3 4 (40.00%) Coaching
3 4 (40.00%) Mentoring
3 4 (40.00%) TDD
4 2 (20.00%) Open Source
4 2 (20.00%) Web Development
5 1 (10.00%) API Development
5 1 (10.00%) Dependency Injection
5 1 (10.00%) DevOps
5 1 (10.00%) Microservices
5 1 (10.00%) Open Source Development
5 1 (10.00%) Scrum
5 1 (10.00%) Test Automation
5 1 (10.00%) Translating Business Requirements
5 1 (10.00%) Unit Testing
5 1 (10.00%) Web Application Development
Programming Languages
1 10 (100.00%) Java
2 1 (10.00%) JavaScript
2 1 (10.00%) PL/SQL
2 1 (10.00%) Ruby
2 1 (10.00%) SQL
2 1 (10.00%) VB
2 1 (10.00%) VB6
Qualifications
1 4 (40.00%) SC Cleared
1 4 (40.00%) Security Cleared
Systems Management
1 1 (10.00%) Ansible
1 1 (10.00%) Puppet
Vendors
1 6 (60.00%) Red Hat
2 5 (50.00%) Oracle
3 1 (10.00%) IBM
3 1 (10.00%) Microsoft