Period
to 16 October 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in Scotland with a requirement for JPA skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited JPA over the 6 months to 16 October 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Java Persistence API (JPA)
UK > Scotland
6 months to
16 Oct 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 139 140 158
Rank change year-on-year +1 +18 +6
Contract jobs citing JPA 61 44 39
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in Scotland 1.13% 0.91% 0.80%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 4.02% 3.14% 3.05%
Number of daily rates quoted 33 37 33
Scotland median daily rate £400 £363 £340
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +10.34% +6.62% -19.53%
10th Percentile £325 £317 £320
90th Percentile £543 £458 £412
UK median daily rate £480 £450 £405
% change year-on-year +6.67% +11.11% +1.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 0 0
Scotland median hourly rate - - -
UK median hourly rate £35.00 £52.50 £37.50
% change year-on-year -33.33% +40.00% -16.67%

JPA is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in Scotland with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
Scotland
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 1,519 1,401 1,280
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in Scotland 28.22% 28.93% 26.15%
Number of daily rates quoted 847 869 790
Scotland median daily rate £400 £380 £350
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.26% +8.57% -6.67%
10th Percentile £313 £280 £263
90th Percentile £550 £526 £475
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £425
% change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 8 6 16
Scotland median hourly rate £33.75 £27.00 £36.75
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +25.00% -26.53% -11.32%
10th Percentile £12.07 £18.75 £14.00
90th Percentile £43.00 £43.39 £46.06
UK median hourly rate £41.50 £40.00 £37.50
% change year-on-year +3.75% +6.67% +0.13%

JPA
Job Vacancy Trend in Scotland

Job postings citing JPA as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in Scotland.

Job vacancy trend for JPA in Scotland

JPA
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in Scotland

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing JPA in Scotland.

Contractor daily rate trend for JPA in Scotland

JPA
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in Scotland

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing JPA in Scotland over the 6 months to 16 October 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for JPA in Scotland

JPA
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in Scotland

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing JPA in Scotland.

Contractor hourly rate trend for JPA in Scotland

JPA
Contract Job Locations in Scotland

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing JPA within the Scotland region over the 6 months to 16 October 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Edinburgh -6 29 £398 +9.05% 4
Glasgow +4 28 £400 +18.52% 3
JPA
UK

For the 6 months to 16 October 2018, IT contractor jobs citing JPA also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the Scotland region with a requirement for JPA.

1 61 (100.00%) Java
2 55 (90.16%) Hibernate
3 54 (88.52%) Spring
4 43 (70.49%) Agile Software Development
5 29 (47.54%) JavaScript
6 25 (40.98%) HTML
7 23 (37.70%) Software Engineering
7 23 (37.70%) HTML5
8 22 (36.07%) Unit Testing
8 22 (36.07%) JBoss
8 22 (36.07%) Redis
9 20 (32.79%) MongoDB
9 20 (32.79%) UML
9 20 (32.79%) JUnit
10 19 (31.15%) Tomcat
10 19 (31.15%) Docker
11 18 (29.51%) Scrum
11 18 (29.51%) RESTful
11 18 (29.51%) TDD
11 18 (29.51%) Maven
12 17 (27.87%) JSON
12 17 (27.87%) Test Automation
12 17 (27.87%) NoSQL
13 16 (26.23%) Riak
13 16 (26.23%) AngularJS
13 16 (26.23%) Hadoop
14 15 (24.59%) Java EE
15 14 (22.95%) Jetty
15 14 (22.95%) WebLogic
15 14 (22.95%) OO

JPA
Co-occurring IT Skills in Scotland by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 22 (36.07%) JBoss
2 19 (31.15%) Tomcat
3 14 (22.95%) Jetty
3 14 (22.95%) WebLogic
4 9 (14.75%) WebSphere
5 6 (9.84%) Confluence
6 4 (6.56%) Cloud Foundry
6 4 (6.56%) WildFly
7 1 (1.64%) Apache
7 1 (1.64%) GemFire
7 1 (1.64%) SharePoint
Cloud Services
1 5 (8.20%) Amazon AWS
2 3 (4.92%) IaaS
2 3 (4.92%) PaaS
2 3 (4.92%) SaaS
3 1 (1.64%) Microsoft Azure
Communications & Networking
1 9 (14.75%) AMQP
2 5 (8.20%) HTTP
3 1 (1.64%) Internet
Database & Business Intelligence
1 22 (36.07%) Redis
2 20 (32.79%) MongoDB
3 17 (27.87%) NoSQL
4 16 (26.23%) Hadoop
4 16 (26.23%) Riak
5 14 (22.95%) Couchbase
6 7 (11.48%) PostgreSQL
7 4 (6.56%) Oracle Database
7 4 (6.56%) Oracle Database 11g
8 3 (4.92%) Relational Database
9 1 (1.64%) GIS
9 1 (1.64%) MySQL
9 1 (1.64%) SQL Server
Development Applications
1 20 (32.79%) JUnit
2 18 (29.51%) Maven
3 12 (19.67%) Cucumber
3 12 (19.67%) FitNesse
3 12 (19.67%) JIRA
3 12 (19.67%) Vagrant
4 11 (18.03%) Selenium
5 7 (11.48%) Bitbucket
6 6 (9.84%) Eclipse
6 6 (9.84%) Subversion
7 4 (6.56%) Gradle
7 4 (6.56%) JProfiler
8 3 (4.92%) Git (software)
9 2 (3.28%) Jenkins
9 2 (3.28%) JMeter
10 1 (1.64%) Ant
10 1 (1.64%) Concordion
10 1 (1.64%) TeamCity
General
1 10 (16.39%) Finance
2 9 (14.75%) Banking
3 8 (13.11%) Games
4 5 (8.20%) Retail
5 1 (1.64%) Financial Institution
5 1 (1.64%) Investment Banking
5 1 (1.64%) Private Banking
Job Titles
1 57 (93.44%) Developer
2 50 (81.97%) Java Developer
3 8 (13.11%) Full Stack Developer
4 4 (6.56%) BPM Developer
5 3 (4.92%) Architect
6 2 (3.28%) Technical Architect
7 1 (1.64%) Angular Developer
7 1 (1.64%) Java Architect
7 1 (1.64%) Java Solutions Architect
7 1 (1.64%) JIRA Developer
7 1 (1.64%) Scrum Master
7 1 (1.64%) Senior Developer
7 1 (1.64%) Senior Java Developer
7 1 (1.64%) Solutions Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 55 (90.16%) Hibernate
2 54 (88.52%) Spring
3 25 (40.98%) HTML
4 23 (37.70%) HTML5
5 18 (29.51%) RESTful
6 17 (27.87%) JSON
7 16 (26.23%) AngularJS
8 15 (24.59%) Java EE
9 13 (21.31%) XML
10 12 (19.67%) JMS
11 11 (18.03%) XSLT
12 10 (16.39%) CSS
12 10 (16.39%) JSP
13 9 (14.75%) jQuery
13 9 (14.75%) JSTL
13 9 (14.75%) Kafka
13 9 (14.75%) RabbitMQ
13 9 (14.75%) REST
13 9 (14.75%) TIBCO EMS
13 9 (14.75%) WebSphere MQ
Miscellaneous
1 9 (14.75%) Enterprise Software
2 8 (13.11%) Analytical Skills
3 7 (11.48%) Computer Science
4 4 (6.56%) Fintech
Operating Systems
1 9 (14.75%) Unix
2 2 (3.28%) Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 43 (70.49%) Agile Software Development
2 23 (37.70%) Software Engineering
3 22 (36.07%) Unit Testing
4 20 (32.79%) UML
5 18 (29.51%) Scrum
5 18 (29.51%) TDD
6 17 (27.87%) Test Automation
7 14 (22.95%) OO
8 13 (21.31%) Kanban
9 12 (19.67%) BDD
9 12 (19.67%) Deployment Automation
10 11 (18.03%) Concurrent Programming
10 11 (18.03%) Integration Testing
10 11 (18.03%) Microservices
10 11 (18.03%) Multithreading
10 11 (18.03%) RUP
11 9 (14.75%) Collaborative Working
11 9 (14.75%) DSDM
11 9 (14.75%) OOA/OOD
11 9 (14.75%) System Testing
Programming Languages
1 61 (100.00%) Java
2 29 (47.54%) JavaScript
3 12 (19.67%) Java 8
4 10 (16.39%) Python
5 9 (14.75%) Bash Shell
5 9 (14.75%) Ruby
6 8 (13.11%) Scala
7 4 (6.56%) SQL
8 2 (3.28%) AspectJ
8 2 (3.28%) C#
9 1 (1.64%) Jython
9 1 (1.64%) Perl
9 1 (1.64%) PHP
9 1 (1.64%) PL/SQL
9 1 (1.64%) PowerShell
9 1 (1.64%) VB
9 1 (1.64%) VB6
Qualifications
1 7 (11.48%) Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 9 (14.75%) QA
System Software
1 19 (31.15%) Docker
Systems Management
1 13 (21.31%) Ansible
1 13 (21.31%) Puppet
2 12 (19.67%) Cobbler
2 12 (19.67%) Opscode Chef
3 6 (9.84%) Kubernetes
Vendors
1 10 (16.39%) IBM
2 9 (14.75%) TIBCO
3 8 (13.11%) Informatica
4 6 (9.84%) Atlassian
4 6 (9.84%) Oracle
5 4 (6.56%) Perforce
6 2 (3.28%) Red Hat
7 1 (1.64%) Sencha
7 1 (1.64%) Twitter