Period
to 19 June 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in Scotland with a requirement for JPA skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited JPA over the 6 months to 19 June 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Java Persistence API (JPA)
UK > Scotland
6 months to
19 Jun 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 154 150 168
Rank change year-on-year -4 +18 -22
Contract jobs citing JPA 46 11 45
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in Scotland 0.88% 0.29% 0.83%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 3.23% 0.96% 3.56%
Number of daily rates quoted 31 9 39
Scotland median daily rate £400 £375 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +6.67% -16.67% +20.00%
10th Percentile £325 £303 £320
90th Percentile £618 £425 £623
UK median daily rate £475 £438 £425
% change year-on-year +8.57% +2.94% +11.84%
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 0 0
Scotland median hourly rate - - -
UK median hourly rate - £52.50 £36.00
% change year-on-year - +45.83% -20.00%

JPA is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in Scotland with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
Scotland
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 1,425 1,148 1,265
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in Scotland 27.16% 30.18% 23.25%
Number of daily rates quoted 856 746 734
Scotland median daily rate £400 £375 £375
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +6.67% - -
10th Percentile £313 £275 £260
90th Percentile £525 £491 £500
UK median daily rate £470 £440 £425
% change year-on-year +6.82% +3.53% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 5 14 11
Scotland median hourly rate £16.25 £43.39 £35.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -62.55% +22.23% -11.25%
10th Percentile £10.87 £14.57 £13.50
90th Percentile £51.50 £52.17 £38.75
UK median hourly rate £42.27 £40.00 £37.50
% change year-on-year +5.66% +6.67% +7.14%

JPA
Job Vacancy Trend in Scotland

Job postings citing JPA as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in Scotland.

Job vacancy trend for JPA in Scotland

JPA
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in Scotland

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing JPA in Scotland.

Contractor daily rate trend for JPA in Scotland

JPA
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in Scotland

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing JPA in Scotland over the 6 months to 19 June 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for JPA in Scotland

JPA
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in Scotland

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing JPA in Scotland.

Contractor hourly rate trend for JPA in Scotland

JPA
Contract Job Locations in Scotland

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing JPA within the Scotland region over the 6 months to 19 June 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Edinburgh -8 23 £420 +12.00% 2
Glasgow -9 22 £376 +0.81% 1
JPA
UK

For the 6 months to 19 June 2018, IT contractor jobs citing JPA also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the Scotland region with a requirement for JPA.

1 46 (100.00%) Java
2 40 (86.96%) Hibernate
3 32 (69.57%) Spring
4 23 (50.00%) Agile Software Development
4 23 (50.00%) OO
5 21 (45.65%) JavaScript
6 20 (43.48%) UML
7 18 (39.13%) JBoss
8 16 (34.78%) SOA
8 16 (34.78%) Unit Testing
9 15 (32.61%) Data Modelling
10 14 (30.43%) JUnit
10 14 (30.43%) BPMN
10 14 (30.43%) Test Automation
11 13 (28.26%) JSON
12 12 (26.09%) Tomcat
13 11 (23.91%) Oracle
13 11 (23.91%) HTML
13 11 (23.91%) Software Engineering
13 11 (23.91%) Apache CXF
13 11 (23.91%) Docker
13 11 (23.91%) Java 8
14 10 (21.74%) MongoDB
14 10 (21.74%) Redis
14 10 (21.74%) jQuery
14 10 (21.74%) J2EE
15 9 (19.57%) OOA/OOD
15 9 (19.57%) Use Case
15 9 (19.57%) TDD
15 9 (19.57%) Scrum

JPA
Co-occurring IT Skills in Scotland by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 18 (39.13%) JBoss
2 12 (26.09%) Tomcat
3 8 (17.39%) Jetty
3 8 (17.39%) WebLogic
4 7 (15.22%) Confluence
5 6 (13.04%) Oracle SOA Suite
5 6 (13.04%) WebSphere
6 3 (6.52%) Cloud Foundry
6 3 (6.52%) WildFly
7 1 (2.17%) Apache
7 1 (2.17%) GemFire
7 1 (2.17%) SharePoint
7 1 (2.17%) WebSphere Application Server
7 1 (2.17%) WebSphere Portal
Cloud Services
1 5 (10.87%) Amazon AWS
2 1 (2.17%) Microsoft Azure
Communications & Networking
1 5 (10.87%) AMQP
2 3 (6.52%) HTTP
3 1 (2.17%) Internet
Database & Business Intelligence
1 10 (21.74%) MongoDB
1 10 (21.74%) Redis
2 9 (19.57%) NoSQL
3 8 (17.39%) Couchbase
3 8 (17.39%) Hadoop
3 8 (17.39%) Riak
4 4 (8.70%) GIS
4 4 (8.70%) Oracle Database
5 3 (6.52%) Oracle Database 11g
5 3 (6.52%) PostgreSQL
6 1 (2.17%) MySQL
6 1 (2.17%) Relational Database
Development Applications
1 14 (30.43%) JUnit
2 9 (19.57%) JIRA
3 8 (17.39%) Vagrant
4 7 (15.22%) Eclipse
4 7 (15.22%) Gradle
4 7 (15.22%) JProfiler
4 7 (15.22%) Maven
5 6 (13.04%) Cucumber
5 6 (13.04%) FitNesse
5 6 (13.04%) Git (software)
6 5 (10.87%) Bitbucket
6 5 (10.87%) Selenium
6 5 (10.87%) Subversion
7 3 (6.52%) Jenkins
8 2 (4.35%) Artifactory
8 2 (4.35%) Hudson
8 2 (4.35%) TeamCity
8 2 (4.35%) TestNG
9 1 (2.17%) Ant
9 1 (2.17%) JMeter
General
1 8 (17.39%) Finance
2 4 (8.70%) Banking
3 3 (6.52%) Games
4 1 (2.17%) Financial Institution
4 1 (2.17%) Investment Banking
4 1 (2.17%) Private Banking
4 1 (2.17%) Retail
Job Titles
1 31 (67.39%) Developer
2 30 (65.22%) Java Developer
3 12 (26.09%) Architect
4 6 (13.04%) Solutions Architect
4 6 (13.04%) Technical Architect
5 4 (8.70%) Designer
5 4 (8.70%) Java Architect
5 4 (8.70%) Java Solutions Architect
6 3 (6.52%) Applications Architect
6 3 (6.52%) Senior Architect
6 3 (6.52%) Senior Solutions Architect
7 2 (4.35%) BPM Developer
8 1 (2.17%) Angular Developer
8 1 (2.17%) Applications Engineer
8 1 (2.17%) Digital Architect
8 1 (2.17%) Digital Transformation
8 1 (2.17%) Digital Transformation Architect
8 1 (2.17%) JIRA Developer
8 1 (2.17%) React Developer
8 1 (2.17%) Senior Digital Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 40 (86.96%) Hibernate
2 32 (69.57%) Spring
3 13 (28.26%) JSON
4 11 (23.91%) Apache CXF
4 11 (23.91%) HTML
5 10 (21.74%) J2EE
5 10 (21.74%) jQuery
6 8 (17.39%) Ajax
6 8 (17.39%) AngularJS
6 8 (17.39%) HTML5
6 8 (17.39%) REST
6 8 (17.39%) XML
6 8 (17.39%) XSLT
7 7 (15.22%) Apache OpenJPA
7 7 (15.22%) JSF
7 7 (15.22%) Web Services
8 6 (13.04%) JMS
9 5 (10.87%) RESTful
9 5 (10.87%) RichFaces
9 5 (10.87%) WebSphere MQ
Miscellaneous
1 4 (8.70%) Enterprise Software
2 3 (6.52%) Analytical Skills
2 3 (6.52%) Computer Science
3 2 (4.35%) Fintech
Operating Systems
1 3 (6.52%) Unix
2 1 (2.17%) Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 23 (50.00%) Agile Software Development
1 23 (50.00%) OO
2 20 (43.48%) UML
3 16 (34.78%) SOA
3 16 (34.78%) Unit Testing
4 15 (32.61%) Data Modelling
5 14 (30.43%) BPMN
5 14 (30.43%) Test Automation
6 11 (23.91%) Software Engineering
7 9 (19.57%) Mentoring
7 9 (19.57%) OOA/OOD
7 9 (19.57%) Scrum
7 9 (19.57%) TDD
7 9 (19.57%) Use Case
8 8 (17.39%) Deployment Automation
8 8 (17.39%) Domain Models
8 8 (17.39%) Microservices
9 7 (15.22%) BDD
9 7 (15.22%) RAD
9 7 (15.22%) SOLID
Programming Languages
1 46 (100.00%) Java
2 21 (45.65%) JavaScript
3 11 (23.91%) Java 8
4 6 (13.04%) Python
5 5 (10.87%) Bash Shell
5 5 (10.87%) Ruby
6 3 (6.52%) Scala
7 2 (4.35%) SQL
8 1 (2.17%) C#
8 1 (2.17%) Jython
8 1 (2.17%) Perl
8 1 (2.17%) PHP
8 1 (2.17%) PL/SQL
8 1 (2.17%) PowerShell
Qualifications
1 3 (6.52%) Degree
2 1 (2.17%) Security Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 5 (10.87%) QA
2 1 (2.17%) Disclosure Scotland
System Software
1 11 (23.91%) Docker
Systems Management
1 9 (19.57%) Ansible
1 9 (19.57%) Puppet
2 8 (17.39%) Cobbler
2 8 (17.39%) Opscode Chef
3 2 (4.35%) Kubernetes
4 1 (2.17%) Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 11 (23.91%) Oracle
2 7 (15.22%) Perforce
2 7 (15.22%) Red Hat
3 6 (13.04%) IBM
4 5 (10.87%) TIBCO
5 3 (6.52%) Informatica
6 2 (4.35%) Atlassian
7 1 (2.17%) Sencha