Period
to 22 January 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in Scotland with a requirement for JPA skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited JPA over the 6 months to 22 January 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Java Persistence API (JPA)
UK > Scotland
6 months to
22 Jan 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 158 134 142
Rank change year-on-year -24 +8 +10
Contract jobs citing JPA 34 48 25
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in Scotland 0.72% 1.01% 0.67%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 2.51% 3.92% 2.30%
Number of daily rates quoted 13 42 17
Scotland median daily rate £438 £360 £340
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +21.53% +5.88% -24.44%
10th Percentile £365 £313 £297
90th Percentile £535 £438 £394
UK median daily rate £500 £438 £420
% change year-on-year +14.16% +4.29% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 0 0
Scotland median hourly rate - - -
UK median hourly rate £35.00 £45.00 £37.50
% change year-on-year -22.22% +20.00% -16.67%

JPA is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in Scotland with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
Scotland
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 1,357 1,225 1,089
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in Scotland 28.67% 25.89% 29.39%
Number of daily rates quoted 786 752 666
Scotland median daily rate £425 £375 £363
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +13.33% +3.45% -3.33%
10th Percentile £313 £275 £270
90th Percentile £544 £525 £488
UK median daily rate £480 £463 £425
% change year-on-year +3.78% +8.82% +3.03%
Number of hourly rates quoted 9 5 18
Scotland median hourly rate £35.00 £24.00 £46.13
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +45.83% -47.97% +14.77%
10th Percentile £13.16 £13.45 £17.32
90th Percentile £43.75 £31.00 £52.17
UK median hourly rate £41.50 £40.00 £40.00
% change year-on-year +3.75% - +6.67%

JPA
Job Vacancy Trend in Scotland

Job postings citing JPA as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in Scotland.

Job vacancy trend for JPA in Scotland

JPA
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in Scotland

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing JPA in Scotland.

Contractor daily rate trend for JPA in Scotland

JPA
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in Scotland

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing JPA in Scotland over the 6 months to 22 January 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for JPA in Scotland

JPA
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in Scotland

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing JPA in Scotland.

Contractor hourly rate trend for JPA in Scotland

JPA
Contract Job Locations in Scotland

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing JPA within the Scotland region over the 6 months to 22 January 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Edinburgh -2 19 £430 +18.13% 4
Glasgow -24 12 £438 +29.63% 2
JPA
UK

For the 6 months to 22 January 2019, IT contractor jobs citing JPA also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the Scotland region with a requirement for JPA.

1 34 (100.00%) Java
2 26 (76.47%) Spring
3 23 (67.65%) Hibernate
4 18 (52.94%) Agile Software Development
5 16 (47.06%) Maven
5 16 (47.06%) HTML
5 16 (47.06%) HTML5
6 13 (38.24%) JavaScript
7 12 (35.29%) TDD
7 12 (35.29%) JBoss
7 12 (35.29%) Java EE
8 10 (29.41%) Integration Testing
8 10 (29.41%) Software Engineering
8 10 (29.41%) Tomcat
9 9 (26.47%) UML
9 9 (26.47%) WebLogic
9 9 (26.47%) Hadoop
9 9 (26.47%) Jetty
10 8 (23.53%) Multithreading
10 8 (23.53%) Test Automation
10 8 (23.53%) Selenium
10 8 (23.53%) FitNesse
10 8 (23.53%) MongoDB
10 8 (23.53%) NoSQL
10 8 (23.53%) Redis
10 8 (23.53%) Riak
10 8 (23.53%) Cucumber
10 8 (23.53%) BDD
10 8 (23.53%) Jenkins
10 8 (23.53%) AngularJS

JPA
Co-occurring IT Skills in Scotland by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 12 (35.29%) JBoss
2 10 (29.41%) Tomcat
3 9 (26.47%) Jetty
3 9 (26.47%) WebLogic
4 5 (14.71%) WebSphere
5 2 (5.88%) Cloud Foundry
6 1 (2.94%) Apache
6 1 (2.94%) Confluence
6 1 (2.94%) WildFly
Cloud Services
1 2 (5.88%) Amazon AWS
1 2 (5.88%) IaaS
1 2 (5.88%) PaaS
1 2 (5.88%) SaaS
Communications & Networking
1 2 (5.88%) AMQP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 9 (26.47%) Hadoop
2 8 (23.53%) MongoDB
2 8 (23.53%) NoSQL
2 8 (23.53%) Redis
2 8 (23.53%) Riak
3 5 (14.71%) SQL Server
4 4 (11.76%) Couchbase
5 2 (5.88%) PostgreSQL
6 1 (2.94%) Oracle Database
6 1 (2.94%) Oracle Database 11g
6 1 (2.94%) Relational Database
Development Applications
1 16 (47.06%) Maven
2 8 (23.53%) Cucumber
2 8 (23.53%) FitNesse
2 8 (23.53%) Jenkins
2 8 (23.53%) Selenium
3 6 (17.65%) JUnit
4 5 (14.71%) Vagrant
5 4 (11.76%) Git (software)
6 2 (5.88%) Eclipse
6 2 (5.88%) GitLab
6 2 (5.88%) Mockito
6 2 (5.88%) TeamCity
7 1 (2.94%) JIRA
7 1 (2.94%) JMeter
7 1 (2.94%) Subversion
General
1 7 (20.59%) Banking
2 5 (14.71%) Retail
3 2 (5.88%) Finance
3 2 (5.88%) Games
3 2 (5.88%) Investment Banking
Job Titles
1 31 (91.18%) Developer
2 28 (82.35%) Java Developer
3 10 (29.41%) Full Stack Developer
4 2 (5.88%) Senior Developer
4 2 (5.88%) Senior Software Engineer
4 2 (5.88%) Software Engineer
5 1 (2.94%) Development Team Leader
5 1 (2.94%) Graduate
5 1 (2.94%) Graduate Developer
5 1 (2.94%) Graduate Java Developer
5 1 (2.94%) Senior Java Developer
5 1 (2.94%) Senior Software Developer
5 1 (2.94%) Software Developer
5 1 (2.94%) Software Development Team Leader
5 1 (2.94%) Software Team Leader
5 1 (2.94%) Team Leader
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 26 (76.47%) Spring
2 23 (67.65%) Hibernate
3 16 (47.06%) HTML
3 16 (47.06%) HTML5
4 12 (35.29%) Java EE
5 8 (23.53%) AngularJS
5 8 (23.53%) Vue.js
6 6 (17.65%) JSP
6 6 (17.65%) JSTL
6 6 (17.65%) RESTful
6 6 (17.65%) XML
6 6 (17.65%) XSLT
7 5 (14.71%) CSS
7 5 (14.71%) Kafka
7 5 (14.71%) RabbitMQ
7 5 (14.71%) Twitter Bootstrap
8 4 (11.76%) Apache Camel
9 3 (8.82%) .NET
9 3 (8.82%) .NET Core
10 2 (5.88%) ASP.NET Web API
Miscellaneous
1 3 (8.82%) Enterprise Software
2 2 (5.88%) Analytical Skills
Operating Systems
1 6 (17.65%) Unix
2 4 (11.76%) Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 18 (52.94%) Agile Software Development
2 12 (35.29%) TDD
3 10 (29.41%) Integration Testing
3 10 (29.41%) Software Engineering
4 9 (26.47%) UML
5 8 (23.53%) BDD
5 8 (23.53%) Deployment Automation
5 8 (23.53%) Multithreading
5 8 (23.53%) Test Automation
5 8 (23.53%) Unit Testing
6 7 (20.59%) Digital Transformation Programme
7 5 (14.71%) Case Management
7 5 (14.71%) Concurrent Programming
7 5 (14.71%) Front End Development
7 5 (14.71%) Performance Management
7 5 (14.71%) SDLC
8 4 (11.76%) Kanban
8 4 (11.76%) OOA/OOD
8 4 (11.76%) Scrum
8 4 (11.76%) System Testing
Programming Languages
1 34 (100.00%) Java
2 13 (38.24%) JavaScript
3 7 (20.59%) Java 8
3 7 (20.59%) SQL
4 2 (5.88%) Bash Shell
4 2 (5.88%) Python
4 2 (5.88%) Ruby
4 2 (5.88%) Scala
5 1 (2.94%) C#
5 1 (2.94%) VB
5 1 (2.94%) VB6
Qualifications
1 2 (5.88%) Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 2 (5.88%) QA
System Software
1 5 (14.71%) Docker
Systems Management
1 7 (20.59%) Ansible
2 5 (14.71%) Cobbler
2 5 (14.71%) Opscode Chef
2 5 (14.71%) Puppet
Vendors
1 5 (14.71%) TIBCO
2 3 (8.82%) Oracle
3 2 (5.88%) IBM
3 2 (5.88%) Informatica
3 2 (5.88%) Microsoft
4 1 (2.94%) Teradata