Period
to 17 August 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in Scotland with a requirement for JPA skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited JPA over the 6 months to 17 August 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Java Persistence API (JPA)
UK > Scotland
6 months to
17 Aug 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 141 156 168
Rank change year-on-year +15 +12 -17
Contract jobs citing JPA 72 14 40
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in Scotland 1.30% 0.32% 0.76%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 4.51% 1.11% 3.21%
Number of daily rates quoted 42 8 34
Scotland median daily rate £400 £368 £350
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +8.70% +5.14% -13.63%
10th Percentile £328 £318 £320
90th Percentile £595 £425 £425
UK median daily rate £480 £435 £425
% change year-on-year +10.34% +2.35% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 0 0
Scotland median hourly rate - - -
UK median hourly rate £35.00 £52.50 £35.75
% change year-on-year -33.33% +46.85% -20.56%

JPA is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in Scotland with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
Scotland
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 1,597 1,257 1,247
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in Scotland 28.89% 29.12% 23.56%
Number of daily rates quoted 934 791 742
Scotland median daily rate £401 £375 £355
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +6.80% +5.63% -5.33%
10th Percentile £313 £288 £263
90th Percentile £550 £525 £475
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £425
% change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 8 8 16
Scotland median hourly rate £33.75 £43.39 £36.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -22.22% +20.53% -10.00%
10th Percentile £11.52 £14.49 £13.75
90th Percentile £43.00 £48.71 £46.06
UK median hourly rate £41.52 £40.00 £36.00
% change year-on-year +3.79% +11.11% -2.76%

JPA
Job Vacancy Trend in Scotland

Job postings citing JPA as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in Scotland.

Job vacancy trend for JPA in Scotland

JPA
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in Scotland

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing JPA in Scotland.

Contractor daily rate trend for JPA in Scotland

JPA
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in Scotland

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing JPA in Scotland over the 6 months to 17 August 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for JPA in Scotland

JPA
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in Scotland

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing JPA in Scotland.

Contractor hourly rate trend for JPA in Scotland

JPA
Contract Job Locations in Scotland

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing JPA within the Scotland region over the 6 months to 17 August 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Glasgow +9 35 £400 +5.26% 4
Edinburgh -2 34 £420 +15.54% 3
JPA
UK

For the 6 months to 17 August 2018, IT contractor jobs citing JPA also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the Scotland region with a requirement for JPA.

1 72 (100.00%) Java
2 62 (86.11%) Hibernate
3 60 (83.33%) Spring
4 47 (65.28%) Agile Software Development
5 33 (45.83%) JavaScript
6 26 (36.11%) JBoss
7 25 (34.72%) Unit Testing
8 24 (33.33%) UML
8 24 (33.33%) HTML
9 23 (31.94%) OO
9 23 (31.94%) Redis
10 22 (30.56%) Docker
10 22 (30.56%) JUnit
11 21 (29.17%) Software Engineering
11 21 (29.17%) HTML5
11 21 (29.17%) MongoDB
12 20 (27.78%) Test Automation
12 20 (27.78%) JSON
12 20 (27.78%) Tomcat
13 19 (26.39%) TDD
14 18 (25.00%) Scrum
14 18 (25.00%) NoSQL
15 17 (23.61%) RESTful
15 17 (23.61%) Hadoop
15 17 (23.61%) Riak
15 17 (23.61%) Couchbase
16 16 (22.22%) Ansible
16 16 (22.22%) Puppet
17 15 (20.83%) Vagrant
17 15 (20.83%) Opscode Chef

JPA
Co-occurring IT Skills in Scotland by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 26 (36.11%) JBoss
2 20 (27.78%) Tomcat
3 15 (20.83%) Jetty
3 15 (20.83%) WebLogic
4 10 (13.89%) WebSphere
5 8 (11.11%) Confluence
6 6 (8.33%) Cloud Foundry
7 4 (5.56%) Oracle SOA Suite
7 4 (5.56%) WildFly
8 1 (1.39%) Apache
8 1 (1.39%) GemFire
8 1 (1.39%) SharePoint
8 1 (1.39%) WebSphere Application Server
8 1 (1.39%) WebSphere Portal
Cloud Services
1 7 (9.72%) Amazon AWS
2 2 (2.78%) IaaS
2 2 (2.78%) PaaS
2 2 (2.78%) SaaS
3 1 (1.39%) Microsoft Azure
Communications & Networking
1 9 (12.50%) AMQP
2 6 (8.33%) HTTP
3 1 (1.39%) Internet
Database & Business Intelligence
1 23 (31.94%) Redis
2 21 (29.17%) MongoDB
3 18 (25.00%) NoSQL
4 17 (23.61%) Couchbase
4 17 (23.61%) Hadoop
4 17 (23.61%) Riak
5 7 (9.72%) PostgreSQL
6 5 (6.94%) Oracle Database
7 4 (5.56%) GIS
7 4 (5.56%) Oracle Database 11g
8 3 (4.17%) Relational Database
9 1 (1.39%) MySQL
Development Applications
1 22 (30.56%) JUnit
2 15 (20.83%) Maven
2 15 (20.83%) Vagrant
3 14 (19.44%) JIRA
4 12 (16.67%) Cucumber
4 12 (16.67%) FitNesse
5 11 (15.28%) Selenium
6 9 (12.50%) Bitbucket
6 9 (12.50%) Eclipse
7 7 (9.72%) Gradle
7 7 (9.72%) JProfiler
8 6 (8.33%) Git (software)
8 6 (8.33%) Subversion
9 3 (4.17%) Jenkins
10 2 (2.78%) Artifactory
10 2 (2.78%) Hudson
10 2 (2.78%) JMeter
10 2 (2.78%) TeamCity
10 2 (2.78%) TestNG
11 1 (1.39%) Ant
General
1 13 (18.06%) Finance
2 8 (11.11%) Banking
2 8 (11.11%) Games
3 4 (5.56%) Retail
4 1 (1.39%) Financial Institution
4 1 (1.39%) Investment Banking
4 1 (1.39%) Private Banking
Job Titles
1 61 (84.72%) Developer
2 54 (75.00%) Java Developer
3 8 (11.11%) Architect
4 6 (8.33%) Full Stack Developer
5 4 (5.56%) BPM Developer
5 4 (5.56%) Solutions Architect
5 4 (5.56%) Technical Architect
6 3 (4.17%) Designer
6 3 (4.17%) Java Architect
6 3 (4.17%) Java Solutions Architect
7 2 (2.78%) Applications Architect
8 1 (1.39%) Angular Developer
8 1 (1.39%) Applications Engineer
8 1 (1.39%) JIRA Developer
8 1 (1.39%) React Developer
8 1 (1.39%) Scrum Master
8 1 (1.39%) Senior Architect
8 1 (1.39%) Senior Developer
8 1 (1.39%) Senior Java Developer
8 1 (1.39%) Senior Solutions Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 62 (86.11%) Hibernate
2 60 (83.33%) Spring
3 24 (33.33%) HTML
4 21 (29.17%) HTML5
5 20 (27.78%) JSON
6 17 (23.61%) RESTful
7 15 (20.83%) AngularJS
8 14 (19.44%) XML
9 12 (16.67%) JMS
9 12 (16.67%) jQuery
9 12 (16.67%) REST
9 12 (16.67%) XSLT
10 11 (15.28%) Java EE
11 10 (13.89%) Ajax
11 10 (13.89%) J2EE
12 9 (12.50%) Kafka
12 9 (12.50%) RabbitMQ
12 9 (12.50%) TIBCO EMS
12 9 (12.50%) WebSphere MQ
13 8 (11.11%) jBPM
Miscellaneous
1 9 (12.50%) Enterprise Software
2 8 (11.11%) Analytical Skills
3 7 (9.72%) Computer Science
4 4 (5.56%) Fintech
Operating Systems
1 7 (9.72%) Unix
2 1 (1.39%) Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 47 (65.28%) Agile Software Development
2 25 (34.72%) Unit Testing
3 24 (33.33%) UML
4 23 (31.94%) OO
5 21 (29.17%) Software Engineering
6 20 (27.78%) Test Automation
7 19 (26.39%) TDD
8 18 (25.00%) Scrum
9 15 (20.83%) Deployment Automation
9 15 (20.83%) Microservices
9 15 (20.83%) SOA
10 14 (19.44%) BDD
11 13 (18.06%) BPMN
12 12 (16.67%) Concurrent Programming
12 12 (16.67%) Kanban
12 12 (16.67%) Multithreading
13 11 (15.28%) Data Modelling
13 11 (15.28%) Integration Testing
13 11 (15.28%) OOA/OOD
13 11 (15.28%) RUP
Programming Languages
1 72 (100.00%) Java
2 33 (45.83%) JavaScript
3 14 (19.44%) Java 8
4 10 (13.89%) Python
5 9 (12.50%) Bash Shell
5 9 (12.50%) Ruby
6 8 (11.11%) Scala
7 3 (4.17%) SQL
8 2 (2.78%) AspectJ
8 2 (2.78%) C#
9 1 (1.39%) Jython
9 1 (1.39%) Perl
9 1 (1.39%) PHP
9 1 (1.39%) PL/SQL
9 1 (1.39%) PowerShell
9 1 (1.39%) VB
9 1 (1.39%) VB6
Qualifications
1 7 (9.72%) Degree
2 1 (1.39%) Security Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 9 (12.50%) QA
System Software
1 22 (30.56%) Docker
Systems Management
1 16 (22.22%) Ansible
1 16 (22.22%) Puppet
2 15 (20.83%) Cobbler
2 15 (20.83%) Opscode Chef
3 6 (8.33%) Kubernetes
4 1 (1.39%) Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 10 (13.89%) IBM
1 10 (13.89%) Oracle
2 9 (12.50%) TIBCO
3 8 (11.11%) Informatica
4 7 (9.72%) Perforce
5 6 (8.33%) Atlassian
6 5 (6.94%) Red Hat
7 1 (1.39%) Sencha
7 1 (1.39%) Twitter