Period
to 17 November 2017

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in Scotland with a requirement for JPA skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited JPA over the 6 months to 17 November 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Java Persistence API (JPA)
UK > Scotland
6 months to
17 Nov 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 147 145 166
Rank change year-on-year -2 +21 -8
Contract jobs citing JPA 47 41 32
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in Scotland 0.94% 0.93% 0.52%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 3.50% 3.41% 2.54%
Number of daily rates quoted 41 32 25
Scotland median daily rate £360 £340 £420
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.88% -19.05% -1.18%
10th Percentile £316 £313 £294
90th Percentile £438 £372 £508
UK median daily rate £438 £400 £400
% change year-on-year +9.38% - -5.19%
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 0 0
Scotland median hourly rate - - -
UK median hourly rate £48.75 £38.75 £45.00
% change year-on-year +25.81% -13.89% -

JPA is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in Scotland with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
Scotland
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 1343 1203 1261
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in Scotland 26.88% 27.34% 20.30%
Number of daily rates quoted 833 728 672
Scotland median daily rate £375 £350 £375
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +7.14% -6.67% -
10th Percentile £273 £263 £269
90th Percentile £525 £475 £488
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £410
% change year-on-year +5.88% +3.66% +2.50%
Number of hourly rates quoted 6 15 17
Scotland median hourly rate £27.00 £42.50 £40.38
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -36.47% +5.25% -3.86%
10th Percentile £18.75 £22.50 £25.00
90th Percentile £43.39 £52.00 £55.00
UK median hourly rate £40.00 £37.50 £37.50
% change year-on-year +6.67% - +7.14%

JPA
Job Vacancy Trend in Scotland

Job postings citing JPA as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in Scotland.

Job vacancy trend for JPA in Scotland

JPA
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in Scotland

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing JPA in Scotland.

Contractor daily rate trend for JPA in Scotland

JPA
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in Scotland

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing JPA in Scotland over the 6 months to 17 November 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for JPA in Scotland

JPA
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in Scotland

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing JPA in Scotland.

Contractor hourly rate trend for JPA in Scotland

JPA
Contract Job Locations in Scotland

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing JPA within the Scotland region over the 6 months to 17 November 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Edinburgh -25 32 £364 +7.06% 1
Glasgow +2 14 £338 - 1
JPA
UK

For the 6 months to 17 November 2017, IT contractor jobs citing JPA also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads across the Scotland region with a requirement for JPA.

1 45 (95.74%) Java
2 44 (93.62%) Hibernate
3 26 (55.32%) JBoss
4 24 (51.06%) Spring
5 21 (44.68%) Red Hat
6 20 (42.55%) Maven
6 20 (42.55%) Mentoring
7 19 (40.43%) SOA
8 18 (38.30%) JMS
8 18 (38.30%) JavaScript
8 18 (38.30%) Oracle
8 18 (38.30%) Agile Software Development
9 17 (36.17%) XML
10 16 (34.04%) Oracle SOA Suite
11 15 (31.91%) UML
11 15 (31.91%) Amazon AWS
12 14 (29.79%) TDD
12 14 (29.79%) Java EE
12 14 (29.79%) Web Services
12 14 (29.79%) HTML
13 13 (27.66%) Drools
14 12 (25.53%) jBPM
14 12 (25.53%) JSF
14 12 (25.53%) IBM
15 11 (23.40%) Tomcat
15 11 (23.40%) SQL
15 11 (23.40%) WebSphere
15 11 (23.40%) REST
16 10 (21.28%) Business Transformation
16 10 (21.28%) MongoDB

JPA
Co-occurring IT Skills in Scotland by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 26 (55.32%) JBoss
2 16 (34.04%) Oracle SOA Suite
3 11 (23.40%) Tomcat
3 11 (23.40%) WebSphere
4 8 (17.02%) Jetty
4 8 (17.02%) WebLogic
5 7 (14.89%) Apache
6 5 (10.64%) IIS
7 4 (8.51%) WebSphere Application Server
8 3 (6.38%) Adobe Experience Manager
9 1 (2.13%) CMS
9 1 (2.13%) Oracle Workflow
Business Applications
1 9 (19.15%) Oracle BPM
Cloud Services
1 15 (31.91%) Amazon AWS
2 5 (10.64%) IaaS
2 5 (10.64%) PaaS
3 3 (6.38%) Microsoft Azure
4 1 (2.13%) Amazon EC2
4 1 (2.13%) Amazon ELB
4 1 (2.13%) npm
4 1 (2.13%) SaaS
Communications & Networking
1 9 (19.15%) AMQP
2 5 (10.64%) Firewall
2 5 (10.64%) TCP/IP
3 4 (8.51%) BIG-IP
3 4 (8.51%) LDAP
3 4 (8.51%) NetScaler
4 2 (4.26%) Internet
4 2 (4.26%) Intranet
5 1 (2.13%) HTTPS
5 1 (2.13%) SSL
5 1 (2.13%) VPN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 10 (21.28%) MongoDB
1 10 (21.28%) Oracle Database
2 9 (19.15%) Hadoop
2 9 (19.15%) NoSQL
3 8 (17.02%) Couchbase
3 8 (17.02%) Redis
3 8 (17.02%) Riak
4 2 (4.26%) PostgreSQL
4 2 (4.26%) Relational Database
5 1 (2.13%) GIS
5 1 (2.13%) RDBMS
5 1 (2.13%) SQL Server
Development Applications
1 20 (42.55%) Maven
2 8 (17.02%) Cucumber
2 8 (17.02%) Selenium
2 8 (17.02%) Subversion
2 8 (17.02%) Vagrant
3 7 (14.89%) FitNesse
4 5 (10.64%) Eclipse
5 3 (6.38%) Git (software)
5 3 (6.38%) Jenkins
6 1 (2.13%) Ant
6 1 (2.13%) Artifactory
6 1 (2.13%) JMeter
6 1 (2.13%) JUnit
6 1 (2.13%) Log4j
6 1 (2.13%) TeamCity
General
1 5 (10.64%) Banking
2 3 (6.38%) Finance
3 2 (4.26%) Telecoms
Job Titles
1 34 (72.34%) Developer
2 28 (59.57%) Java Developer
3 6 (12.77%) Full Stack Developer
4 5 (10.64%) Architect
5 4 (8.51%) Designer
5 4 (8.51%) DevOps Engineer
5 4 (8.51%) Lead Developer
6 3 (6.38%) Lead Java Developer
6 3 (6.38%) Senior DevOps
6 3 (6.38%) Senior DevOps Engineer
6 3 (6.38%) Senior Support Engineer
6 3 (6.38%) Support Engineer
7 2 (4.26%) Java Engineer
7 2 (4.26%) Java Web Developer
7 2 (4.26%) Platform Support Engineer
7 2 (4.26%) Senior Developer
7 2 (4.26%) Senior Java Developer
7 2 (4.26%) Senior Platform Engineer
7 2 (4.26%) Technical Architect
7 2 (4.26%) Web Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 44 (93.62%) Hibernate
2 24 (51.06%) Spring
3 18 (38.30%) JMS
4 17 (36.17%) XML
5 14 (29.79%) HTML
5 14 (29.79%) Java EE
5 14 (29.79%) Web Services
6 13 (27.66%) Drools
7 12 (25.53%) jBPM
7 12 (25.53%) JSF
8 11 (23.40%) REST
9 10 (21.28%) SOAP
10 9 (19.15%) Apache CXF
10 9 (19.15%) HTML5
10 9 (19.15%) XSD
10 9 (19.15%) XSLT
11 8 (17.02%) Apache Camel
11 8 (17.02%) RabbitMQ
12 7 (14.89%) RESTful
12 7 (14.89%) RichFaces
Miscellaneous
1 5 (10.64%) Analytical Skills
1 5 (10.64%) DataPower
2 4 (8.51%) PKI
3 2 (4.26%) Private Cloud
4 1 (2.13%) Client/Server
4 1 (2.13%) Computer Science
4 1 (2.13%) Mobile App
Operating Systems
1 7 (14.89%) Linux
2 6 (12.77%) Windows
3 5 (10.64%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
3 5 (10.64%) Unix
3 5 (10.64%) Windows Server
4 2 (4.26%) Android
5 1 (2.13%) Apple iOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 20 (42.55%) Mentoring
2 19 (40.43%) SOA
3 18 (38.30%) Agile Software Development
4 15 (31.91%) UML
5 14 (29.79%) TDD
6 10 (21.28%) Business Transformation
6 10 (21.28%) Scrum
7 9 (19.15%) BPMN
7 9 (19.15%) OO
8 8 (17.02%) BDD
8 8 (17.02%) Domain Models
8 8 (17.02%) Kanban
8 8 (17.02%) Microservices
8 8 (17.02%) OOA/OOD
8 8 (17.02%) Open Source
8 8 (17.02%) Test Automation
8 8 (17.02%) Use Case
8 8 (17.02%) Wireframes
9 7 (14.89%) Concurrent Programming
9 7 (14.89%) SOLID
Programming Languages
1 45 (95.74%) Java
2 18 (38.30%) JavaScript
3 11 (23.40%) SQL
4 9 (19.15%) Bash Shell
4 9 (19.15%) PL/SQL
5 8 (17.02%) Python
5 8 (17.02%) Ruby
6 5 (10.64%) Perl
7 1 (2.13%) C#
7 1 (2.13%) TypeScript
Qualifications
1 8 (17.02%) Security Cleared
2 7 (14.89%) BC Cleared
3 1 (2.13%) BPSS Clearance
3 1 (2.13%) Degree
3 1 (2.13%) SC Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 6 (12.77%) QA
System Software
1 9 (19.15%) Docker
Systems Management
1 9 (19.15%) Ansible
1 9 (19.15%) Puppet
2 8 (17.02%) Cobbler
2 8 (17.02%) Opscode Chef
3 1 (2.13%) Kubernetes
Vendors
1 21 (44.68%) Red Hat
2 18 (38.30%) Oracle
3 12 (25.53%) IBM
4 7 (14.89%) TIBCO
5 5 (10.64%) F5
5 5 (10.64%) Microsoft
6 4 (8.51%) Citrix
6 4 (8.51%) Imperva
7 3 (6.38%) Adobe
8 1 (2.13%) Informatica