Period
to 23 April 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in Scotland with a requirement for Spring skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Spring over the 6 months to 23 April 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Pivotal Spring Framework
UK > Scotland
6 months to
23 Apr 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 31 43 47
Rank change year-on-year +12 +4 +31
Contract jobs citing Spring 237 221 139
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in Scotland 5.28% 4.43% 3.86%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 18.09% 17.17% 13.00%
Number of daily rates quoted 144 123 97
Scotland median daily rate £438 £400 £350
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +9.38% +14.29% -3.45%
10th Percentile £359 £330 £221
90th Percentile £600 £534 £440
UK median daily rate £500 £475 £450
% change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 2 0 0
Scotland median hourly rate £35.00 - -
UK median hourly rate £42.75 £45.00 £52.50
% change year-on-year -5.00% -14.29% -7.89%

Spring is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in Scotland with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
Scotland
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 1,310 1,287 1,069
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in Scotland 29.16% 25.82% 29.72%
Number of daily rates quoted 798 787 674
Scotland median daily rate £418 £400 £365
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +4.38% +9.59% -2.67%
10th Percentile £313 £300 £263
90th Percentile £558 £525 £484
UK median daily rate £488 £475 £435
% change year-on-year +2.63% +9.20% +2.35%
Number of hourly rates quoted 14 4 19
Scotland median hourly rate £37.50 £24.25 £47.23
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +54.64% -48.66% +98.86%
10th Percentile £13.50 £10.83 £14.69
90th Percentile £45.50 £54.25 £52.17
UK median hourly rate £42.50 £41.00 £40.50
% change year-on-year +3.66% +1.23% +4.52%

Spring
Job Vacancy Trend in Scotland

Job postings citing Spring as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in Scotland.

Job vacancy trend for Spring in Scotland

Spring
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in Scotland

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Spring in Scotland.

Contractor daily rate trend for Spring in Scotland

Spring
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in Scotland

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Spring in Scotland over the 6 months to 23 April 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Spring in Scotland

Spring
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in Scotland

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Spring in Scotland.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Spring in Scotland

Spring
Contract Job Locations in Scotland

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Spring within the Scotland region over the 6 months to 23 April 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Edinburgh -6 120 £450 +12.50% 8
Glasgow +9 110 £438 +9.38% 3
West Lothian +8 3 - -
Lothian - 1 - -
Midlothian - 1 £475 -
Spring
UK

For the 6 months to 23 April 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Spring also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the Scotland region with a requirement for Spring.

1 225 (94.94%) Java
2 140 (59.07%) Agile Software Development
3 87 (36.71%) JavaScript
4 79 (33.33%) HTML
5 77 (32.49%) TDD
6 76 (32.07%) Web Services
7 69 (29.11%) Oracle
8 66 (27.85%) CSS
9 65 (27.43%) SQL
10 64 (27.00%) Java 8
11 63 (26.58%) Scrum
12 55 (23.21%) Continuous Integration
12 55 (23.21%) Git (software)
13 54 (22.78%) Jenkins
14 52 (21.94%) Test Automation
15 51 (21.52%) Linux
16 50 (21.10%) Spring Boot
17 49 (20.68%) HTML5
17 49 (20.68%) Finance
18 46 (19.41%) Microservices
19 44 (18.57%) JUnit
19 44 (18.57%) RESTful
20 42 (17.72%) BDD
20 42 (17.72%) REST
21 41 (17.30%) React
21 41 (17.30%) Hibernate
22 40 (16.88%) AngularJS
23 39 (16.46%) Cucumber
23 39 (16.46%) Maven
23 39 (16.46%) JSON

Spring
Co-occurring IT Skills in Scotland by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 21 (8.86%) Tomcat
2 16 (6.75%) JBoss
3 13 (5.49%) Apache Spark
4 10 (4.22%) WebSphere
5 8 (3.38%) Jetty
5 8 (3.38%) WebLogic
6 5 (2.11%) Cloud Foundry
7 4 (1.69%) Alfresco
7 4 (1.69%) Mule
8 3 (1.27%) Apache
8 3 (1.27%) Elasticsearch
8 3 (1.27%) Mule ESB
9 2 (0.84%) Drupal
9 2 (0.84%) MQSeries
10 1 (0.42%) Apache Solr
10 1 (0.42%) CMS
10 1 (0.42%) FileNet
10 1 (0.42%) SharePoint
10 1 (0.42%) WebSphere Portal
Business Applications
1 2 (0.84%) Oracle EBS
2 1 (0.42%) Payment Gateway
Cloud Services
1 29 (12.24%) Amazon AWS
2 14 (5.91%) GitHub
3 11 (4.64%) IaaS
4 8 (3.38%) Microsoft Azure
5 4 (1.69%) AWS CloudFormation
6 3 (1.27%) Amazon EC2
7 2 (0.84%) Apigee
7 2 (0.84%) SaaS
8 1 (0.42%) Amazon ELB
8 1 (0.42%) Amazon S3
8 1 (0.42%) NuGet
8 1 (0.42%) OpenShift
8 1 (0.42%) Route 53
8 1 (0.42%) Virtual Private Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 3 (1.27%) AMQP
2 2 (0.84%) DNS
2 2 (0.84%) HTTP
2 2 (0.84%) SSL
3 1 (0.42%) Reverse Proxy
3 1 (0.42%) TCP/IP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 29 (12.24%) Relational Database
2 19 (8.02%) MongoDB
3 17 (7.17%) RDBMS
4 15 (6.33%) NoSQL
5 13 (5.49%) PostgreSQL
5 13 (5.49%) SQL Server
6 12 (5.06%) DB2
7 11 (4.64%) Big Data
7 11 (4.64%) HBase
8 6 (2.53%) MySQL
8 6 (2.53%) SQL Server Integration Services
9 5 (2.11%) Hadoop
9 5 (2.11%) Oracle Database
9 5 (2.11%) Oracle Database 11g
10 4 (1.69%) MariaDB
10 4 (1.69%) Redis
10 4 (1.69%) Riak
11 3 (1.27%) Apache Hive
11 3 (1.27%) Impala
11 3 (1.27%) Oracle Database 12c
Development Applications
1 55 (23.21%) Git (software)
2 54 (22.78%) Jenkins
3 44 (18.57%) JUnit
4 39 (16.46%) Cucumber
4 39 (16.46%) Maven
5 26 (10.97%) Mockito
6 25 (10.55%) Subversion
7 21 (8.86%) Selenium
8 18 (7.59%) JIRA
9 16 (6.75%) Eclipse
9 16 (6.75%) GitLab
9 16 (6.75%) Hudson
10 14 (5.91%) Gradle
10 14 (5.91%) TeamCity
11 12 (5.06%) IntelliJ
12 8 (3.38%) FindBugs
13 7 (2.95%) FitNesse
14 6 (2.53%) Grunt
14 6 (2.53%) Mocha
14 6 (2.53%) webpack
General
1 49 (20.68%) Finance
2 34 (14.35%) Banking
3 13 (5.49%) Investment Banking
4 4 (1.69%) Retail
5 1 (0.42%) Financial Institution
5 1 (0.42%) Games
5 1 (0.42%) Marketing
5 1 (0.42%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 185 (78.06%) Developer
2 121 (51.05%) Java Developer
3 46 (19.41%) Senior Developer
4 26 (10.97%) Full Stack Developer
5 18 (7.59%) Senior Java Developer
6 15 (6.33%) Architect
7 11 (4.64%) Java Engineer
7 11 (4.64%) Technical Architect
8 10 (4.22%) JavaScript Developer
9 9 (3.80%) Big Data Developer
10 8 (3.38%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
10 8 (3.38%) Senior Architect
10 8 (3.38%) Senior Technical Architect
10 8 (3.38%) Software Developer
11 7 (2.95%) Delivery Manager
12 6 (2.53%) Lead Developer
12 6 (2.53%) Lead Java Developer
12 6 (2.53%) Senior JavaScript Developer
12 6 (2.53%) Senior Software Developer
13 5 (2.11%) React Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 79 (33.33%) HTML
2 76 (32.07%) Web Services
3 66 (27.85%) CSS
4 50 (21.10%) Spring Boot
5 49 (20.68%) HTML5
6 44 (18.57%) RESTful
7 42 (17.72%) REST
8 41 (17.30%) Hibernate
8 41 (17.30%) React
9 40 (16.88%) AngularJS
10 39 (16.46%) JSON
11 37 (15.61%) SOAP
12 26 (10.97%) Apache Camel
13 24 (10.13%) XML
14 19 (8.02%) J2EE
14 19 (8.02%) JPA
15 13 (5.49%) Java EE
16 12 (5.06%) Kafka
17 11 (4.64%) CSS3
17 11 (4.64%) Node.js
Miscellaneous
1 14 (5.91%) Analytical Skills
2 6 (2.53%) User Experience
3 5 (2.11%) Cloud Native
3 5 (2.11%) Enterprise Software
4 4 (1.69%) Greenfield Project
4 4 (1.69%) Virtual Team
5 3 (1.27%) Private Cloud
6 2 (0.84%) Algorithms
6 2 (0.84%) Data Structures
6 2 (0.84%) Self-Motivation
7 1 (0.42%) Data Centre
7 1 (0.42%) Fintech
7 1 (0.42%) Fixed Income
7 1 (0.42%) Management Information System
7 1 (0.42%) Mobile App
7 1 (0.42%) Reference Data
7 1 (0.42%) W3C
Operating Systems
1 51 (21.52%) Linux
2 14 (5.91%) Unix
3 11 (4.64%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
4 1 (0.42%) Debian
4 1 (0.42%) Solaris
Processes & Methodologies
1 140 (59.07%) Agile Software Development
2 77 (32.49%) TDD
3 63 (26.58%) Scrum
4 55 (23.21%) Continuous Integration
5 52 (21.94%) Test Automation
6 46 (19.41%) Microservices
7 42 (17.72%) BDD
8 32 (13.50%) Integration Testing
9 29 (12.24%) Multithreading
9 29 (12.24%) Unit Testing
10 27 (11.39%) DevOps
11 24 (10.13%) Mentoring
11 24 (10.13%) Software Engineering
12 20 (8.44%) MVC
13 18 (7.59%) SDLC
14 17 (7.17%) Front End Development
14 17 (7.17%) Problem-Solving
14 17 (7.17%) SOA
15 16 (6.75%) Coaching
16 14 (5.91%) UML
Programming Languages
1 225 (94.94%) Java
2 87 (36.71%) JavaScript
3 65 (27.43%) SQL
4 64 (27.00%) Java 8
5 9 (3.80%) Perl
6 7 (2.95%) C#
7 6 (2.53%) Groovy
8 5 (2.11%) Python
8 5 (2.11%) Shell Script
9 4 (1.69%) Scala
10 3 (1.27%) Java 9
10 3 (1.27%) PL/SQL
10 3 (1.27%) XPath
11 2 (0.84%) Bash Shell
12 1 (0.42%) PHP
12 1 (0.42%) TypeScript
12 1 (0.42%) VB
12 1 (0.42%) VBA
Qualifications
1 20 (8.44%) Degree
2 18 (7.59%) Security Cleared
3 14 (5.91%) SC Cleared
4 7 (2.95%) Computer Science Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 15 (6.33%) QA
2 7 (2.95%) Data Quality
3 4 (1.69%) Disclosure Scotland
4 2 (0.84%) GDPR
System Software
1 23 (9.70%) Docker
2 3 (1.27%) HDFS
3 1 (0.42%) Active Directory
Systems Management
1 23 (9.70%) Puppet
2 10 (4.22%) Ansible
3 5 (2.11%) Opscode Chef
4 4 (1.69%) Cobbler
4 4 (1.69%) Rancher
4 4 (1.69%) Terraform
5 1 (0.42%) Kibana
5 1 (0.42%) Kubernetes
5 1 (0.42%) logstash
5 1 (0.42%) Oracle Flashback
5 1 (0.42%) Packer
5 1 (0.42%) Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 69 (29.11%) Oracle
2 12 (5.06%) IBM
3 11 (4.64%) Sybase
4 7 (2.95%) Microsoft
5 6 (2.53%) TIBCO
6 5 (2.11%) Cloudera
7 4 (1.69%) Atlassian
7 4 (1.69%) Charles River
7 4 (1.69%) VMware
8 1 (0.42%) Hitachi
8 1 (0.42%) MuleSoft
8 1 (0.42%) NetApp
8 1 (0.42%) Red Hat
8 1 (0.42%) ServiceNow
8 1 (0.42%) Teradata