Period
to 22 September 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in Scotland with a requirement for Java skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Java over the 6 months to 22 September 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Java
UK > Scotland
6 months to
22 Sep 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 5 7 9
Rank change year-on-year +2 +2 +5
Contract jobs citing Java 840 694 728
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in Scotland 15.61% 14.55% 14.12%
As % of the Programming Languages category 38.13% 34.68% 37.10%
Number of daily rates quoted 512 417 398
Scotland median daily rate £425 £400 £360
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +6.25% +11.11% -4.00%
10th Percentile £325 £297 £263
90th Percentile £599 £504 £475
UK median daily rate £500 £500 £450
% change year-on-year - +11.11% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 4 4 10
Scotland median hourly rate £25.00 £43.39 £38.75
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -42.38% +11.97% -4.04%
10th Percentile £15.00 £30.52 £35.48
90th Percentile £40.60 £43.39 £45.30
UK median hourly rate £43.25 £40.00 £36.00
% change year-on-year +8.13% +11.11% -10.00%

Java is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in Scotland with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
Scotland
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 2,203 2,001 1,962
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in Scotland 40.93% 41.96% 38.07%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,300 1,172 1,122
Scotland median daily rate £400 £380 £350
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.26% +8.57% -
10th Percentile £285 £288 £263
90th Percentile £538 £525 £475
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £425
% change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 27 24 39
Scotland median hourly rate £30.00 £37.50 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -20.00% -6.25% +23.36%
10th Percentile £12.85 £15.54 £18.50
90th Percentile £44.27 £195.00 £45.35
UK median hourly rate £41.50 £40.00 £37.50
% change year-on-year +3.75% +6.67% +4.17%

Java
Job Vacancy Trend in Scotland

Job postings citing Java as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in Scotland.

Job vacancy trend for Java in Scotland

Java
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in Scotland

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Java in Scotland.

Contractor daily rate trend for Java in Scotland

Java
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in Scotland

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Java in Scotland over the 6 months to 22 September 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Java in Scotland

Java
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in Scotland

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Java in Scotland.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Java in Scotland

Java
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in Scotland

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Java in Scotland over the 6 months to 22 September 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Java in Scotland

Java
Contract Job Locations in Scotland

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Java within the Scotland region over the 6 months to 22 September 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Edinburgh +1 421 £425 +13.33% 88
Glasgow +1 365 £425 +6.25% 71
West Lothian -5 9 £305 -26.51% 6
Dundee -1 8 £225 - 4
Renfrewshire - 5 £250 - 1
Fife +3 3 - - 2
Moray 0 1 £470 +4.44%
Argyll and Bute - 1 £388 - 1
Falkirk - 1 £475 -
Java
UK

For the 6 months to 22 September 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Java also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the Scotland region with a requirement for Java.

1 480 (57.14%) Agile Software Development
2 306 (36.43%) Spring
3 232 (27.62%) JavaScript
4 208 (24.76%) Finance
5 207 (24.64%) SQL
6 190 (22.62%) Python
7 183 (21.79%) Oracle
8 176 (20.95%) Microservices
9 170 (20.24%) Scrum
10 162 (19.29%) Hibernate
11 146 (17.38%) TDD
11 146 (17.38%) Test Automation
12 142 (16.90%) REST
13 137 (16.31%) OO
14 136 (16.19%) HTML
15 131 (15.60%) Continuous Integration
16 121 (14.40%) AngularJS
17 116 (13.81%) SOAP
18 114 (13.57%) Jenkins
19 110 (13.10%) Banking
20 107 (12.74%) Web Services
21 105 (12.50%) CSS
22 103 (12.26%) Maven
23 101 (12.02%) Software Engineering
24 95 (11.31%) Linux
25 93 (11.07%) Git (software)
25 93 (11.07%) NoSQL
26 92 (10.95%) DevOps
27 91 (10.83%) Java 8
28 90 (10.71%) Amazon AWS

Java
Co-occurring IT Skills in Scotland by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 73 (8.69%) JBoss
2 51 (6.07%) Tomcat
3 44 (5.24%) Confluence
4 40 (4.76%) WebSphere
5 36 (4.29%) Apache
6 26 (3.10%) Apache Spark
7 25 (2.98%) Cloud Foundry
8 21 (2.50%) Jetty
9 20 (2.38%) WebLogic
10 13 (1.55%) nginx
11 9 (1.07%) Elasticsearch
11 9 (1.07%) Oracle SOA Suite
12 8 (0.95%) WebSphere Portal
13 7 (0.83%) WildFly
14 5 (0.60%) GlassFish
15 4 (0.48%) Alfresco
15 4 (0.48%) WebSphere Application Server
16 3 (0.36%) IIS
16 3 (0.36%) Mule
16 3 (0.36%) Mule ESB
Applications
1 8 (0.95%) Microsoft PowerPoint
2 7 (0.83%) MS Visio
3 6 (0.71%) Microsoft Office
4 2 (0.24%) Microsoft Excel
5 1 (0.12%) 3ds Max
5 1 (0.12%) Adobe Illustrator
5 1 (0.12%) Chatbot
5 1 (0.12%) EViews
5 1 (0.12%) Maya
5 1 (0.12%) Mingle
5 1 (0.12%) Photoshop
5 1 (0.12%) SPSS
Business Applications
1 9 (1.07%) AquaLogic BPM
1 9 (1.07%) Oracle BPM
2 4 (0.48%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
3 2 (0.24%) Oracle Cash Management
4 1 (0.12%) Actimize
4 1 (0.12%) Dynamics CRM
4 1 (0.12%) Oracle Payables
Cloud Services
1 90 (10.71%) Amazon AWS
2 27 (3.21%) Microsoft Azure
2 27 (3.21%) PaaS
3 23 (2.74%) npm
4 20 (2.38%) OpenShift
5 16 (1.90%) IaaS
6 15 (1.79%) SaaS
7 11 (1.31%) Yarn
8 8 (0.95%) AWS CloudFormation
9 6 (0.71%) Google Cloud Platform
10 3 (0.36%) Cloud Computing
10 3 (0.36%) GitHub
10 3 (0.36%) IBM Cloud
11 2 (0.24%) Amazon S3
11 2 (0.24%) BrowserStack
11 2 (0.24%) Datadog
11 2 (0.24%) Heroku
11 2 (0.24%) iTunes
12 1 (0.12%) Amazon ELB
12 1 (0.12%) Amazon Glacier
Communications & Networking
1 25 (2.98%) HTTP
2 14 (1.67%) AMQP
3 5 (0.60%) TCP/IP
4 3 (0.36%) Firewall
4 3 (0.36%) SMS
4 3 (0.36%) SSL
5 2 (0.24%) HTTPS
6 1 (0.12%) BIG-IP
6 1 (0.12%) DNS
6 1 (0.12%) Internet
6 1 (0.12%) NetScaler
6 1 (0.12%) Reverse Proxy
Database & Business Intelligence
1 93 (11.07%) NoSQL
2 88 (10.48%) Relational Database
3 81 (9.64%) MongoDB
4 66 (7.86%) Oracle Database
5 49 (5.83%) Hadoop
6 47 (5.60%) SQL Server
7 37 (4.40%) MySQL
8 33 (3.93%) Oracle Database 12c
9 32 (3.81%) RDBMS
10 28 (3.33%) DB2
10 28 (3.33%) PostgreSQL
11 26 (3.10%) Redis
12 23 (2.74%) Big Data
13 20 (2.38%) Riak
14 19 (2.26%) Couchbase
15 16 (1.90%) Oracle Database 11g
16 12 (1.43%) Impala
17 11 (1.31%) Apache Cassandra
17 11 (1.31%) Pentaho
18 8 (0.95%) Apache Hive
Development Applications
1 114 (13.57%) Jenkins
2 103 (12.26%) Maven
3 93 (11.07%) Git (software)
4 89 (10.60%) JIRA
5 88 (10.48%) JUnit
6 61 (7.26%) Selenium
7 53 (6.31%) Cucumber
8 37 (4.40%) Gradle
9 33 (3.93%) Eclipse
10 30 (3.57%) TeamCity
11 29 (3.45%) Oracle Forms
12 27 (3.21%) Subversion
13 25 (2.98%) Bitbucket
14 21 (2.50%) JMeter
15 17 (2.02%) Vagrant
16 16 (1.90%) IBM UrbanCode
16 16 (1.90%) SoapUI
17 15 (1.79%) gulp
17 15 (1.79%) Hudson
17 15 (1.79%) Travis CI
General
1 208 (24.76%) Finance
2 110 (13.10%) Banking
3 24 (2.86%) Games
3 24 (2.86%) Investment Banking
4 15 (1.79%) Front Office
5 11 (1.31%) Financial Institution
6 9 (1.07%) Advertising
6 9 (1.07%) Law
7 7 (0.83%) Retail
8 3 (0.36%) Telecoms
9 1 (0.12%) Back Office
9 1 (0.12%) International Banking
9 1 (0.12%) Manufacturing
9 1 (0.12%) Military
9 1 (0.12%) Private Banking
9 1 (0.12%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 512 (60.95%) Developer
2 332 (39.52%) Java Developer
3 97 (11.55%) Architect
4 78 (9.29%) Senior Developer
5 74 (8.81%) Full Stack Developer
6 45 (5.36%) Solutions Architect
7 42 (5.00%) Senior Java Developer
8 41 (4.88%) Python Developer
9 39 (4.64%) Analyst
10 31 (3.69%) Software Developer
10 31 (3.69%) Software Engineer
10 31 (3.69%) Technical Architect
11 26 (3.10%) DevOps Engineer
11 26 (3.10%) JavaScript Developer
12 24 (2.86%) Tester
13 18 (2.14%) React Developer
13 18 (2.14%) Test Analyst
14 17 (2.02%) Automation Tester
14 17 (2.02%) Senior Architect
15 16 (1.90%) Java Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 306 (36.43%) Spring
2 162 (19.29%) Hibernate
3 142 (16.90%) REST
4 136 (16.19%) HTML
5 121 (14.40%) AngularJS
6 116 (13.81%) SOAP
7 107 (12.74%) Web Services
8 105 (12.50%) CSS
9 82 (9.76%) XML
10 81 (9.64%) HTML5
10 81 (9.64%) React
11 75 (8.93%) J2EE
12 67 (7.98%) RESTful
13 65 (7.74%) JPA
14 58 (6.90%) JSON
15 55 (6.55%) Spring Boot
16 54 (6.43%) Node.js
17 52 (6.19%) Kafka
18 49 (5.83%) .NET
18 49 (5.83%) Java EE
Miscellaneous
1 64 (7.62%) Analytical Skills
2 47 (5.60%) Enterprise Software
3 40 (4.76%) User Experience
4 38 (4.52%) Computer Science
5 23 (2.74%) Derivative
6 21 (2.50%) Mobile App
7 20 (2.38%) Cloud Native
7 20 (2.38%) Fintech
8 16 (1.90%) Greenfield Project
9 15 (1.79%) Self-Motivation
10 14 (1.67%) Reference Data
11 11 (1.31%) DataPower
12 9 (1.07%) Algorithms
12 9 (1.07%) Data Structures
12 9 (1.07%) Private Cloud
13 7 (0.83%) Equity Derivative
13 7 (0.83%) iPad
14 6 (0.71%) OTC Derivatives
14 6 (0.71%) Wiki
15 5 (0.60%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 95 (11.31%) Linux
2 58 (6.90%) Unix
3 37 (4.40%) Windows
4 26 (3.10%) Android
5 22 (2.62%) Apple iOS
6 7 (0.83%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 4 (0.48%) Windows Server
8 3 (0.36%) AIX
8 3 (0.36%) Solaris
9 2 (0.24%) Kali Linux
9 2 (0.24%) Mac OS X
9 2 (0.24%) Ubuntu
10 1 (0.12%) CentOS
10 1 (0.12%) Windows 10
10 1 (0.12%) Windows 7
10 1 (0.12%) Windows Phone
Processes & Methodologies
1 480 (57.14%) Agile Software Development
2 176 (20.95%) Microservices
3 170 (20.24%) Scrum
4 146 (17.38%) TDD
4 146 (17.38%) Test Automation
5 137 (16.31%) OO
6 131 (15.60%) Continuous Integration
7 101 (12.02%) Software Engineering
8 92 (10.95%) DevOps
9 81 (9.64%) Kanban
10 75 (8.93%) BDD
11 67 (7.98%) Problem-Solving
12 63 (7.50%) Analytics
13 57 (6.79%) SDLC
13 57 (6.79%) SOA
14 55 (6.55%) Web Development
15 53 (6.31%) Continuous Delivery
16 44 (5.24%) Data Modelling
16 44 (5.24%) Mentoring
16 44 (5.24%) Open Source
Programming Languages
1 232 (27.62%) JavaScript
2 207 (24.64%) SQL
3 190 (22.62%) Python
4 91 (10.83%) Java 8
5 67 (7.98%) C#
6 52 (6.19%) C++
7 50 (5.95%) Scala
8 41 (4.88%) PL/SQL
9 38 (4.52%) Perl
10 35 (4.17%) Shell Script
11 30 (3.57%) Groovy
11 30 (3.57%) Ruby
12 24 (2.86%) PHP
13 18 (2.14%) Bash Shell
14 13 (1.55%) R
15 12 (1.43%) XPath
16 10 (1.19%) ES6
17 8 (0.95%) Kotlin
17 8 (0.95%) Objective-C
18 6 (0.71%) C
Qualifications
1 73 (8.69%) Degree
2 20 (2.38%) Computer Science Degree
2 20 (2.38%) Security Cleared
3 18 (2.14%) SC Cleared
4 8 (0.95%) ISTQB
5 7 (0.83%) DV Cleared
6 5 (0.60%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
7 3 (0.36%) BPSS Clearance
7 3 (0.36%) ISEB
7 3 (0.36%) TOGAF Certification
8 2 (0.24%) DBS Check
8 2 (0.24%) ITIL Certification
8 2 (0.24%) Numerate Degree
8 2 (0.24%) PhD
8 2 (0.24%) PRINCE2 Certification
9 1 (0.12%) CISM
9 1 (0.12%) CISSP
9 1 (0.12%) PMI Certification
9 1 (0.12%) PMP
9 1 (0.12%) Sun Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 45 (5.36%) QA
2 14 (1.67%) Disclosure Scotland
3 11 (1.31%) Data Quality
4 6 (0.71%) SLA
5 2 (0.24%) GDPR
5 2 (0.24%) PSD2
6 1 (0.12%) IFRS
6 1 (0.12%) IFRS 9
System Software
1 88 (10.48%) Docker
2 15 (1.79%) Virtual Machines
3 4 (0.48%) VMware Infrastructure
4 2 (0.24%) OpenAM
5 1 (0.12%) Active Directory
5 1 (0.12%) Apache Flume
5 1 (0.12%) BitLocker
5 1 (0.12%) HDFS
5 1 (0.12%) VMware Workstation
Systems Management
1 64 (7.62%) Ansible
2 56 (6.67%) Puppet
3 48 (5.71%) Opscode Chef
4 37 (4.40%) Kubernetes
5 18 (2.14%) Cobbler
6 13 (1.55%) Terraform
7 5 (0.60%) HP Quality Center
8 4 (0.48%) Kibana
8 4 (0.48%) Oracle Flashback
9 3 (0.36%) Single Sign-On
10 2 (0.24%) logstash
10 2 (0.24%) Nagios
10 2 (0.24%) Nessus
10 2 (0.24%) NetBackup
10 2 (0.24%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
10 2 (0.24%) Packer
10 2 (0.24%) SELinux
11 1 (0.12%) CA Single Sign-On
11 1 (0.12%) SCCM
11 1 (0.12%) SCOM
Vendors
1 183 (21.79%) Oracle
2 44 (5.24%) IBM
3 29 (3.45%) Microsoft
4 23 (2.74%) Atlassian
5 16 (1.90%) Informatica
6 11 (1.31%) TIBCO
7 9 (1.07%) Red Hat
7 9 (1.07%) VMware
8 8 (0.95%) Google
8 8 (0.95%) Sybase
8 8 (0.95%) Twitter
9 7 (0.83%) Perforce
10 6 (0.71%) Splunk
11 5 (0.60%) CA
11 5 (0.60%) Talend
12 4 (0.48%) Adobe
12 4 (0.48%) F5
12 4 (0.48%) Tableau
12 4 (0.48%) Vermilion
12 4 (0.48%) Xamarin