Period
to 20 January 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in Scotland with a requirement for Java skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Java over the 6 months to 20 January 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Java
UK > Scotland
6 months to
20 Jan 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 6 6 12
Rank change year-on-year 0 +6 -5
Contract jobs citing Java 668 572 546
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in Scotland 14.12% 15.18% 9.69%
As % of the Programming Languages category 38.17% 35.03% 30.07%
Number of daily rates quoted 417 329 319
Scotland median daily rate £400 £375 £380
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +6.67% -1.32% -5.00%
10th Percentile £280 £285 £270
90th Percentile £528 £475 £516
UK median daily rate £500 £475 £450
% change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 3 13 9
Scotland median hourly rate £13.50 £52.00 £40.38
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -74.04% +28.78% -10.27%
UK median hourly rate £40.00 £40.00 £40.00

Java is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in Scotland with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
Scotland
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 1,750 1,633 1,816
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in Scotland 36.99% 43.35% 32.23%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,092 959 1,026
Scotland median daily rate £388 £353 £365
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +9.93% -3.42% -2.67%
10th Percentile £288 £263 £250
90th Percentile £526 £475 £525
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £413
% change year-on-year +5.88% +3.03% +3.13%
Number of hourly rates quoted 23 44 31
Scotland median hourly rate £21.00 £43.00 £37.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -51.16% +14.67% +31.58%
10th Percentile £12.75 £14.85 £14.00
90th Percentile £41.00 £55.90 £45.25
UK median hourly rate £40.00 £40.00 £37.50
% change year-on-year - +6.67% +15.38%

Java
Job Vacancy Trend in Scotland

Job postings citing Java as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in Scotland.

Job vacancy trend for Java in Scotland

Java
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in Scotland

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Java in Scotland.

Contractor daily rate trend for Java in Scotland

Java
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in Scotland

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Java in Scotland over the 6 months to 20 January 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Java in Scotland

Java
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in Scotland

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Java in Scotland.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Java in Scotland

Java
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in Scotland

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Java in Scotland over the 6 months to 20 January 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Java in Scotland

Java
Contract Job Locations in Scotland

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Java within the Scotland region over the 6 months to 20 January 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Edinburgh -1 399 £400 +6.67% 76
Glasgow -1 202 £400 +6.67% 65
West Lothian +1 27 £415 +10.30% 2
Dundee 0 16 £238 -17.39% 2
Fife +4 6 - - 1
Renfrewshire +17 1 - -
Lothian - 1 - -
South Lanarkshire - 1 £300 -
Java
UK

For the 6 months to 20 January 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Java also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads across the Scotland region with a requirement for Java.

1 345 (51.65%) Agile Software Development
2 264 (39.52%) Spring
3 176 (26.35%) Continuous Integration
4 173 (25.90%) JavaScript
5 160 (23.95%) Linux
6 158 (23.65%) SQL
7 148 (22.16%) Test Automation
8 147 (22.01%) Hibernate
9 144 (21.56%) Git (software)
10 135 (20.21%) Finance
11 131 (19.61%) TDD
12 130 (19.46%) Jenkins
13 129 (19.31%) SOA
14 126 (18.86%) Scrum
15 122 (18.26%) Web Services
16 115 (17.22%) RESTful
17 113 (16.92%) Maven
18 108 (16.17%) Oracle
19 106 (15.87%) JBoss
20 99 (14.82%) Python
21 97 (14.52%) HTML
22 88 (13.17%) OO
23 87 (13.02%) XML
24 82 (12.28%) Software Engineering
25 81 (12.13%) BDD
26 80 (11.98%) Java EE
26 80 (11.98%) Selenium
27 74 (11.08%) Cucumber
28 70 (10.48%) CSS
29 67 (10.03%) DevOps

Java
Co-occurring IT Skills in Scotland by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 106 (15.87%) JBoss
2 38 (5.69%) Oracle SOA Suite
3 36 (5.39%) Tomcat
4 28 (4.19%) WebSphere
5 24 (3.59%) Apache
6 17 (2.54%) Confluence
7 16 (2.40%) Apache Spark
8 15 (2.25%) Cloud Foundry
9 11 (1.65%) WebLogic
10 9 (1.35%) Jetty
11 7 (1.05%) WebSphere Application Server
12 6 (0.90%) CMS
12 6 (0.90%) IIS
13 5 (0.75%) Elasticsearch
14 4 (0.60%) GeoServer
15 3 (0.45%) Adobe Experience Manager
15 3 (0.45%) SharePoint
16 2 (0.30%) Apache Solr
16 2 (0.30%) CICS
16 2 (0.30%) MS Exchange
Applications
1 6 (0.90%) Microsoft Excel
2 3 (0.45%) Microsoft Office
Business Applications
1 25 (3.74%) Payment Gateway
2 9 (1.35%) Oracle BPM
3 3 (0.45%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
4 2 (0.30%) assyst
4 2 (0.30%) Dynamics CRM
5 1 (0.15%) Oracle EBS R12
Cloud Services
1 49 (7.34%) Amazon AWS
2 39 (5.84%) GitHub
3 19 (2.84%) PaaS
4 16 (2.40%) Microsoft Azure
5 8 (1.20%) OpenShift
6 6 (0.90%) IaaS
7 5 (0.75%) Amazon EC2
7 5 (0.75%) AWS CloudFormation
8 3 (0.45%) Amazon S3
8 3 (0.45%) Amazon SQS
8 3 (0.45%) iTunes
9 2 (0.30%) AWS Lambda
9 2 (0.30%) Google Analytics
9 2 (0.30%) npm
9 2 (0.30%) SaaS
9 2 (0.30%) Serverless
10 1 (0.15%) Amazon ELB
10 1 (0.15%) Cloud Computing
10 1 (0.15%) Office 365
10 1 (0.15%) Virtual Private Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 24 (3.59%) Firewall
2 19 (2.84%) DNS
2 19 (2.84%) HTTP
3 17 (2.54%) TCP/IP
4 13 (1.95%) Internet
5 11 (1.65%) SSL
6 9 (1.35%) AMQP
7 8 (1.20%) Intranet
8 7 (1.05%) BIG-IP
8 7 (1.05%) NetScaler
9 6 (0.90%) DSL
9 6 (0.90%) Reverse Proxy
10 3 (0.45%) F5 BIG-IP GTM
10 3 (0.45%) F5 BIG-IP LTM
10 3 (0.45%) LAN
10 3 (0.45%) WAN
11 2 (0.30%) SMS
12 1 (0.15%) DMZ
12 1 (0.15%) HTTPS
12 1 (0.15%) VPN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 65 (9.73%) Relational Database
2 53 (7.93%) NoSQL
3 41 (6.14%) RDBMS
4 35 (5.24%) MongoDB
5 29 (4.34%) Oracle Database
6 24 (3.59%) PostgreSQL
7 23 (3.44%) DB2
8 22 (3.29%) MySQL
9 18 (2.69%) Big Data
10 14 (2.10%) Hadoop
11 13 (1.95%) Oracle Database 11g
12 10 (1.50%) GIS
13 9 (1.35%) Parquet
14 8 (1.20%) SQL Server
15 7 (1.05%) Couchbase
15 7 (1.05%) Redis
15 7 (1.05%) Riak
16 6 (0.90%) Oracle Database 10g
17 4 (0.60%) Apache Hive
17 4 (0.60%) Impala
Development Applications
1 144 (21.56%) Git (software)
2 130 (19.46%) Jenkins
3 113 (16.92%) Maven
4 80 (11.98%) Selenium
5 74 (11.08%) Cucumber
6 47 (7.04%) JIRA
7 46 (6.89%) JUnit
7 46 (6.89%) Subversion
8 40 (5.99%) Eclipse
9 39 (5.84%) Mockito
10 35 (5.24%) GitLab
11 24 (3.59%) LoadRunner
12 23 (3.44%) Mercurial
13 15 (2.25%) Ant
14 13 (1.95%) TeamCity
15 11 (1.65%) Appium
15 11 (1.65%) SpecFlow
16 10 (1.50%) Vagrant
17 9 (1.35%) JMeter
18 8 (1.20%) WebDriver
General
1 135 (20.21%) Finance
2 48 (7.19%) Banking
3 12 (1.80%) Games
4 8 (1.20%) Investment Banking
5 7 (1.05%) Telecoms
6 6 (0.90%) Law
6 6 (0.90%) Retail
7 5 (0.75%) Front Office
7 5 (0.75%) Marketing
8 4 (0.60%) Local Government
8 4 (0.60%) Publishing
9 1 (0.15%) Advertising
9 1 (0.15%) Financial Institution
9 1 (0.15%) Legal
9 1 (0.15%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 384 (57.49%) Developer
2 296 (44.31%) Java Developer
3 48 (7.19%) Java Engineer
4 44 (6.59%) Analyst
5 43 (6.44%) Senior Developer
6 36 (5.39%) Architect
7 35 (5.24%) Test Analyst
8 33 (4.94%) Senior Java Developer
8 33 (4.94%) Tester
9 31 (4.64%) Lead Developer
10 28 (4.19%) DevOps Engineer
11 26 (3.89%) Lead Java Developer
12 24 (3.59%) Software Engineer
13 22 (3.29%) Consultant
14 18 (2.69%) JavaScript Developer
14 18 (2.69%) Performance Tester
15 16 (2.40%) Angular Developer
15 16 (2.40%) Java Software Engineer
16 14 (2.10%) Designer
16 14 (2.10%) Linux Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 264 (39.52%) Spring
2 147 (22.01%) Hibernate
3 122 (18.26%) Web Services
4 115 (17.22%) RESTful
5 97 (14.52%) HTML
6 87 (13.02%) XML
7 80 (11.98%) Java EE
8 70 (10.48%) CSS
9 66 (9.88%) AngularJS
10 57 (8.53%) Drools
11 55 (8.23%) JSON
11 55 (8.23%) XSLT
12 47 (7.04%) J2EE
12 47 (7.04%) JPA
12 47 (7.04%) jQuery
13 40 (5.99%) React
13 40 (5.99%) REST
14 39 (5.84%) SOAP
15 35 (5.24%) JMX
16 34 (5.09%) JMS
Miscellaneous
1 47 (7.04%) Computer Science
2 37 (5.54%) Analytical Skills
3 36 (5.39%) Data Structures
4 33 (4.94%) Algorithms
5 20 (2.99%) User Experience
6 16 (2.40%) Greenfield Project
7 12 (1.80%) Enterprise Software
8 11 (1.65%) Management Information System
8 11 (1.65%) Mobile App
9 8 (1.20%) Data Centre
9 8 (1.20%) iPad
9 8 (1.20%) PKI
10 6 (0.90%) DataPower
11 5 (0.75%) Derivative
11 5 (0.75%) Virtual Team
12 4 (0.60%) Equities
13 3 (0.45%) Equity Derivative
13 3 (0.45%) Mainframe
13 3 (0.45%) PMI
13 3 (0.45%) Wiki
Operating Systems
1 160 (23.95%) Linux
2 66 (9.88%) Unix
3 59 (8.83%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
4 25 (3.74%) Apple iOS
5 24 (3.59%) Android
6 22 (3.29%) Windows
7 8 (1.20%) Windows Server
8 5 (0.75%) Mac OS X
9 3 (0.45%) DC/OS
10 2 (0.30%) Solaris
11 1 (0.15%) CentOS
11 1 (0.15%) Debian
11 1 (0.15%) Ubuntu
Processes & Methodologies
1 345 (51.65%) Agile Software Development
2 176 (26.35%) Continuous Integration
3 148 (22.16%) Test Automation
4 131 (19.61%) TDD
5 129 (19.31%) SOA
6 126 (18.86%) Scrum
7 88 (13.17%) OO
8 82 (12.28%) Software Engineering
9 81 (12.13%) BDD
10 67 (10.03%) DevOps
10 67 (10.03%) Microservices
11 63 (9.43%) Configuration Management
12 60 (8.98%) SDLC
13 51 (7.63%) Kanban
14 39 (5.84%) Mentoring
14 39 (5.84%) Workflow
15 34 (5.09%) Performance Testing
16 33 (4.94%) CRM
17 32 (4.79%) Performance Engineering
18 31 (4.64%) BPMN
Programming Languages
1 173 (25.90%) JavaScript
2 158 (23.65%) SQL
3 99 (14.82%) Python
4 60 (8.98%) C#
5 54 (8.08%) Perl
6 32 (4.79%) Bash Shell
7 30 (4.49%) C++
8 24 (3.59%) Ruby
9 22 (3.29%) PL/SQL
10 18 (2.69%) Scala
11 13 (1.95%) TypeScript
12 12 (1.80%) PHP
13 9 (1.35%) Objective-C
14 7 (1.05%) Apple Swift
14 7 (1.05%) Shell Script
15 5 (0.75%) ES6
15 5 (0.75%) Groovy
15 5 (0.75%) VBA
16 3 (0.45%) ActionScript
16 3 (0.45%) ActionScript 3.0
Qualifications
1 46 (6.89%) Degree
2 27 (4.04%) Computer Science Degree
3 14 (2.10%) Security Cleared
4 9 (1.35%) CEH
4 9 (1.35%) CISSP
4 9 (1.35%) SANS
5 8 (1.20%) ISTQB
6 7 (1.05%) BC Cleared
7 4 (0.60%) ISEB
8 3 (0.45%) PMI Certification
8 3 (0.45%) PMP
9 2 (0.30%) BPSS Clearance
9 2 (0.30%) HND
9 2 (0.30%) Numerate Degree
9 2 (0.30%) SC Cleared
10 1 (0.15%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
10 1 (0.15%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
10 1 (0.15%) PRINCE2 Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 37 (5.54%) QA
2 19 (2.84%) GDPR
3 13 (1.95%) Disclosure Scotland
3 13 (1.95%) PCI DSS
4 1 (0.15%) Dodd-Frank
4 1 (0.15%) PMO
System Software
1 54 (8.08%) Docker
2 4 (0.60%) Active Directory
3 3 (0.45%) GeoWebCache
3 3 (0.45%) VMware Infrastructure
4 2 (0.30%) Virtual Machines
4 2 (0.30%) VMware NSX
5 1 (0.15%) Apache ZooKeeper
5 1 (0.15%) OpenAM
5 1 (0.15%) Oracle RAC
Systems Management
1 62 (9.28%) Puppet
2 47 (7.04%) Ansible
3 24 (3.59%) Kubernetes
4 21 (3.14%) HP SiteScope
4 21 (3.14%) OpenView
4 21 (3.14%) Opscode Chef
5 7 (1.05%) Cobbler
6 6 (0.90%) TeamSite
7 3 (0.45%) Apache Brooklyn
7 3 (0.45%) Marathon
7 3 (0.45%) Mesos
7 3 (0.45%) SELinux
8 2 (0.30%) Business Desktop Deployment
8 2 (0.30%) CA Endevor
8 2 (0.30%) Grafana
8 2 (0.30%) Kibana
8 2 (0.30%) logstash
8 2 (0.30%) Packer
9 1 (0.15%) Data Guard
9 1 (0.15%) MOM
Vendors
1 108 (16.17%) Oracle
2 38 (5.69%) Red Hat
3 26 (3.89%) HP
4 19 (2.84%) Sybase
5 16 (2.40%) IBM
6 14 (2.10%) Microsoft
7 13 (1.95%) Splunk
8 9 (1.35%) Perforce
8 9 (1.35%) VMware
9 8 (1.20%) F5
10 7 (1.05%) Citrix
11 6 (0.90%) Guidewire
11 6 (0.90%) Informatica
11 6 (0.90%) Pega
11 6 (0.90%) TIBCO
11 6 (0.90%) Xamarin
12 5 (0.75%) AppDynamics
12 5 (0.75%) Capita
13 4 (0.60%) Google
13 4 (0.60%) Imperva