Period
to 18 January 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in Scotland with a requirement for Java skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Java over the 6 months to 18 January 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Java
UK > Scotland
6 months to
18 Jan 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 4 6 6
Rank change year-on-year +2 0 +6
Contract jobs citing Java 745 671 577
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in Scotland 15.72% 14.08% 15.26%
As % of the Programming Languages category 38.94% 38.08% 35.29%
Number of daily rates quoted 435 420 328
Scotland median daily rate £430 £400 £375
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +7.50% +6.67% -1.32%
10th Percentile £325 £280 £285
90th Percentile £700 £527 £475
UK median daily rate £525 £500 £475
% change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% +5.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 6 3 13
Scotland median hourly rate £42.50 £13.50 £52.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +214.81% -74.04% +28.78%
10th Percentile £38.13 £12.75 £42.00
90th Percentile £88.63 £30.85 £52.17
UK median hourly rate £45.00 £40.00 £40.00
% change year-on-year +12.50% - -

Java is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in Scotland with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
Scotland
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 1,913 1,762 1,635
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in Scotland 40.36% 36.98% 43.24%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,120 1,103 957
Scotland median daily rate £410 £388 £350
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.81% +10.71% -4.11%
10th Percentile £308 £288 £264
90th Percentile £538 £526 £475
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £425
% change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +3.03%
Number of hourly rates quoted 22 24 43
Scotland median hourly rate £42.50 £21.00 £43.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +102.38% -51.16% +14.67%
10th Percentile £12.83 £12.75 £14.85
90th Percentile £44.50 £40.25 £56.43
UK median hourly rate £42.25 £40.00 £40.00
% change year-on-year +5.63% - +6.67%

Java
Job Vacancy Trend in Scotland

Job postings citing Java as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in Scotland.

Job vacancy trend for Java in Scotland

Java
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in Scotland

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Java in Scotland.

Contractor daily rate trend for Java in Scotland

Java
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in Scotland

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Java in Scotland over the 6 months to 18 January 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Java in Scotland

Java
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in Scotland

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Java in Scotland.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Java in Scotland

Java
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in Scotland

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Java in Scotland over the 6 months to 18 January 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Java in Scotland

Java
Contract Job Locations in Scotland

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Java within the Scotland region over the 6 months to 18 January 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Edinburgh +1 379 £450 +12.50% 85
Glasgow 0 312 £425 +6.25% 69
West Lothian -4 10 £296 -28.61% 7
Dundee -5 10 £225 -5.26% 7
Fife +7 5 £425 - 5
Lothian 0 3 - -
Renfrewshire -7 3 £250 -
West Dunbartonshire - 2 £425 - 1
Lanarkshire - 1 - -
Java
UK

For the 6 months to 18 January 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Java also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the Scotland region with a requirement for Java.

1 395 (53.02%) Agile Software Development
2 274 (36.78%) Spring
3 212 (28.46%) JavaScript
4 185 (24.83%) Finance
5 176 (23.62%) SQL
6 161 (21.61%) Oracle
7 159 (21.34%) Test Automation
8 157 (21.07%) Python
9 153 (20.54%) Scrum
10 143 (19.19%) HTML
11 142 (19.06%) TDD
12 139 (18.66%) Jenkins
13 138 (18.52%) REST
14 132 (17.72%) Linux
15 128 (17.18%) Web Services
16 127 (17.05%) AngularJS
17 122 (16.38%) Banking
18 118 (15.84%) CSS
19 116 (15.57%) Continuous Integration
19 116 (15.57%) Microservices
20 113 (15.17%) DevOps
21 102 (13.69%) SOAP
22 96 (12.89%) Git (software)
23 93 (12.48%) Amazon AWS
24 92 (12.35%) Maven
25 89 (11.95%) Docker
25 89 (11.95%) React
26 85 (11.41%) Software Engineering
27 84 (11.28%) JUnit
28 82 (11.01%) Hibernate

Java
Co-occurring IT Skills in Scotland by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 43 (5.77%) JBoss
2 37 (4.97%) Cloud Foundry
3 32 (4.30%) Tomcat
4 31 (4.16%) Confluence
5 28 (3.76%) WebSphere
6 25 (3.36%) Apache
7 23 (3.09%) nginx
8 17 (2.28%) Apache Spark
8 17 (2.28%) Elasticsearch
9 14 (1.88%) WebLogic
10 11 (1.48%) Jetty
11 8 (1.07%) IIS
12 5 (0.67%) Mule
12 5 (0.67%) Mule ESB
12 5 (0.67%) WildFly
13 4 (0.54%) Apache Solr
13 4 (0.54%) SharePoint
13 4 (0.54%) WebSphere Portal
14 3 (0.40%) GlassFish
14 3 (0.40%) WebSphere Application Server
Applications
1 9 (1.21%) Microsoft PowerPoint
2 8 (1.07%) MS Visio
3 7 (0.94%) Microsoft Office
4 5 (0.67%) Microsoft Excel
5 1 (0.13%) Chatbot
5 1 (0.13%) EViews
5 1 (0.13%) SPSS
Business Applications
1 6 (0.81%) AquaLogic BPM
1 6 (0.81%) Oracle BPM
2 3 (0.40%) Oracle Cash Management
3 2 (0.27%) BusinessWorks
3 2 (0.27%) Payment Gateway
4 1 (0.13%) Actimize
4 1 (0.13%) Oracle Financials
Cloud Services
1 93 (12.48%) Amazon AWS
2 48 (6.44%) Microsoft Azure
3 40 (5.37%) PaaS
4 29 (3.89%) npm
5 25 (3.36%) AWS CloudFormation
6 22 (2.95%) SaaS
7 21 (2.82%) OpenShift
8 16 (2.15%) IaaS
9 11 (1.48%) GitHub
10 9 (1.21%) Google Cloud Platform
11 8 (1.07%) Yarn
12 5 (0.67%) Apigee
13 4 (0.54%) AWS Lambda
13 4 (0.54%) Cloud Computing
13 4 (0.54%) Serverless
14 3 (0.40%) BrowserStack
14 3 (0.40%) Datadog
15 2 (0.27%) Amazon EC2
15 2 (0.27%) Boomi
15 2 (0.27%) Virtual Private Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 20 (2.68%) HTTP
2 12 (1.61%) TCP/IP
3 10 (1.34%) Internet
4 9 (1.21%) AMQP
5 8 (1.07%) SSL
6 5 (0.67%) LAN
6 5 (0.67%) Wireless
7 4 (0.54%) DMZ
7 4 (0.54%) Ethernet
7 4 (0.54%) NetScaler
8 3 (0.40%) BIG-IP
8 3 (0.40%) DNS
8 3 (0.40%) Firewall
9 2 (0.27%) Reverse Proxy
9 2 (0.27%) SMS
10 1 (0.13%) Asterisk PBX
10 1 (0.13%) Bluetooth
10 1 (0.13%) F5 BIG-IP LTM
10 1 (0.13%) HTTPS
10 1 (0.13%) NFC
Database & Business Intelligence
1 62 (8.32%) Relational Database
2 55 (7.38%) NoSQL
3 51 (6.85%) MongoDB
4 38 (5.10%) Oracle Database
5 34 (4.56%) RDBMS
5 34 (4.56%) SQL Server
6 30 (4.03%) DB2
7 28 (3.76%) MySQL
7 28 (3.76%) PostgreSQL
8 24 (3.22%) Hadoop
9 22 (2.95%) Big Data
10 17 (2.28%) Oracle Database 11g
10 17 (2.28%) Oracle Database 12c
11 12 (1.61%) Apache Cassandra
12 11 (1.48%) Redis
13 9 (1.21%) Flink
13 9 (1.21%) Riak
14 7 (0.94%) Pentaho
15 6 (0.81%) Couchbase
15 6 (0.81%) Impala
Development Applications
1 139 (18.66%) Jenkins
2 96 (12.89%) Git (software)
3 92 (12.35%) Maven
4 84 (11.28%) JUnit
5 68 (9.13%) JIRA
6 65 (8.72%) Cucumber
7 51 (6.85%) Selenium
8 43 (5.77%) TeamCity
9 41 (5.50%) Gradle
10 33 (4.43%) Eclipse
11 31 (4.16%) gulp
12 30 (4.03%) JMeter
13 26 (3.49%) IBM UrbanCode
13 26 (3.49%) Subversion
14 25 (3.36%) Travis CI
15 23 (3.09%) CircleCI
16 21 (2.82%) Hudson
17 20 (2.68%) Mockito
18 17 (2.28%) Gatling
19 16 (2.15%) Appium
General
1 185 (24.83%) Finance
2 122 (16.38%) Banking
3 29 (3.89%) Investment Banking
4 11 (1.48%) Games
5 9 (1.21%) Retail
6 8 (1.07%) Front Office
7 7 (0.94%) Law
8 5 (0.67%) Advertising
9 3 (0.40%) Back Office
9 3 (0.40%) Retail Banking
10 2 (0.27%) Electronics
10 2 (0.27%) Financial Institution
10 2 (0.27%) Telecoms
11 1 (0.13%) Marketing
Job Titles
1 451 (60.54%) Developer
2 278 (37.32%) Java Developer
3 80 (10.74%) Senior Developer
4 78 (10.47%) Full Stack Developer
5 54 (7.25%) Architect
6 43 (5.77%) DevOps Engineer
7 33 (4.43%) Senior Java Developer
8 32 (4.30%) Analyst
9 29 (3.89%) Java Engineer
10 26 (3.49%) JavaScript Developer
10 26 (3.49%) Tester
11 25 (3.36%) Technical Architect
12 24 (3.22%) Python Developer
12 24 (3.22%) Software Engineer
13 22 (2.95%) Android Developer
14 21 (2.82%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
15 20 (2.68%) Automation Tester
16 17 (2.28%) Solutions Architect
17 16 (2.15%) Consultant
17 16 (2.15%) Software Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 274 (36.78%) Spring
2 143 (19.19%) HTML
3 138 (18.52%) REST
4 128 (17.18%) Web Services
5 127 (17.05%) AngularJS
6 118 (15.84%) CSS
7 102 (13.69%) SOAP
8 89 (11.95%) React
9 82 (11.01%) Hibernate
10 81 (10.87%) HTML5
10 81 (10.87%) XML
11 59 (7.92%) JSON
12 57 (7.65%) RESTful
13 49 (6.58%) Spring Boot
14 47 (6.31%) J2EE
15 46 (6.17%) Apache Camel
15 46 (6.17%) Node.js
16 45 (6.04%) Java EE
17 37 (4.97%) JPA
18 33 (4.43%) .NET
Miscellaneous
1 38 (5.10%) Analytical Skills
2 28 (3.76%) Enterprise Software
2 28 (3.76%) User Experience
3 22 (2.95%) Greenfield Project
4 20 (2.68%) Mobile App
5 13 (1.74%) Cloud Native
6 12 (1.61%) Private Cloud
7 11 (1.48%) Mobile Banking
7 11 (1.48%) Reference Data
8 10 (1.34%) Data Centre
8 10 (1.34%) Derivative
8 10 (1.34%) Self-Motivation
8 10 (1.34%) Virtual Team
9 8 (1.07%) Data Structures
9 8 (1.07%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
10 7 (0.94%) Algorithms
11 6 (0.81%) Fintech
12 5 (0.67%) Blackberry
12 5 (0.67%) Smartphone
13 4 (0.54%) Client/Server
Operating Systems
1 132 (17.72%) Linux
2 56 (7.52%) Unix
3 42 (5.64%) Windows
4 35 (4.70%) Android
5 22 (2.95%) Apple iOS
6 19 (2.55%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 8 (1.07%) Solaris
8 7 (0.94%) Windows Server
9 5 (0.67%) Windows 7
10 4 (0.54%) Ubuntu
10 4 (0.54%) Windows 10
11 3 (0.40%) AIX
12 2 (0.27%) Debian
13 1 (0.13%) CentOS
13 1 (0.13%) HPUX
13 1 (0.13%) Mac OS X
13 1 (0.13%) Windows Phone
Processes & Methodologies
1 395 (53.02%) Agile Software Development
2 159 (21.34%) Test Automation
3 153 (20.54%) Scrum
4 142 (19.06%) TDD
5 116 (15.57%) Continuous Integration
5 116 (15.57%) Microservices
6 113 (15.17%) DevOps
7 85 (11.41%) Software Engineering
8 79 (10.60%) BDD
9 71 (9.53%) OO
10 66 (8.86%) Kanban
11 59 (7.92%) SDLC
12 58 (7.79%) Unit Testing
13 53 (7.11%) Mentoring
13 53 (7.11%) Open Source
14 51 (6.85%) Analytics
15 49 (6.58%) Problem-Solving
16 47 (6.31%) MVC
16 47 (6.31%) Web Development
17 45 (6.04%) Continuous Delivery
Programming Languages
1 212 (28.46%) JavaScript
2 176 (23.62%) SQL
3 157 (21.07%) Python
4 82 (11.01%) Java 8
5 77 (10.34%) C#
6 52 (6.98%) Perl
7 50 (6.71%) Groovy
8 37 (4.97%) C++
8 37 (4.97%) Shell Script
9 35 (4.70%) Scala
10 28 (3.76%) Ruby
11 19 (2.55%) PL/SQL
12 18 (2.42%) Bash Shell
13 17 (2.28%) PowerShell
14 13 (1.74%) PHP
15 10 (1.34%) R
16 9 (1.21%) ES6
17 7 (0.94%) Apple Swift
17 7 (0.94%) Objective-C
18 6 (0.81%) C
Qualifications
1 59 (7.92%) Degree
2 31 (4.16%) Security Cleared
3 24 (3.22%) SC Cleared
4 15 (2.01%) Computer Science Degree
5 6 (0.81%) ISTQB
6 5 (0.67%) ACDT
6 5 (0.67%) ACHDS
6 5 (0.67%) ACTC
6 5 (0.67%) DV Cleared
6 5 (0.67%) MCDST
6 5 (0.67%) MCP
6 5 (0.67%) MCSA
6 5 (0.67%) MCSE
6 5 (0.67%) MCSM
6 5 (0.67%) Microsoft Certification
6 5 (0.67%) Network+ Certification
7 3 (0.40%) BPSS Clearance
7 3 (0.40%) CCNP
7 3 (0.40%) Cisco Certification
7 3 (0.40%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 25 (3.36%) QA
2 15 (2.01%) Disclosure Scotland
3 8 (1.07%) Data Quality
4 3 (0.40%) SLA
5 2 (0.27%) GDPR
6 1 (0.13%) IFRS
6 1 (0.13%) IFRS 9
6 1 (0.13%) PSD2
System Software
1 89 (11.95%) Docker
2 23 (3.09%) Virtual Machines
3 8 (1.07%) Active Directory
4 4 (0.54%) Virtual Servers
5 3 (0.40%) VMware Infrastructure
6 1 (0.13%) Apache Flume
6 1 (0.13%) Varnish
Systems Management
1 71 (9.53%) Ansible
2 67 (8.99%) Puppet
3 47 (6.31%) Opscode Chef
4 34 (4.56%) Kubernetes
5 30 (4.03%) Terraform
6 6 (0.81%) Cobbler
6 6 (0.81%) Kibana
7 4 (0.54%) Nagios
8 3 (0.40%) logstash
8 3 (0.40%) PowerCLI
8 3 (0.40%) Rancher
9 2 (0.27%) Consul
9 2 (0.27%) Mesos
9 2 (0.27%) Packer
9 2 (0.27%) Prometheus
10 1 (0.13%) HP Quality Center
10 1 (0.13%) Oracle Flashback
10 1 (0.13%) Scalr
Vendors
1 161 (21.61%) Oracle
2 41 (5.50%) Microsoft
3 31 (4.16%) IBM
4 10 (1.34%) Google
5 8 (1.07%) Informatica
5 8 (1.07%) TIBCO
5 8 (1.07%) VMware
6 7 (0.94%) Sybase
7 6 (0.81%) Atlassian
7 6 (0.81%) Charles River
7 6 (0.81%) Twitter
8 5 (0.67%) AppDynamics
8 5 (0.67%) Apple
8 5 (0.67%) Citrix
8 5 (0.67%) NetScout
8 5 (0.67%) New Relic
8 5 (0.67%) SevOne
8 5 (0.67%) SolarWinds
8 5 (0.67%) Splunk
8 5 (0.67%) Tableau