Period
to 18 November 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in Scotland with a requirement for Java skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Java over the 6 months to 18 November 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Java
UK > Scotland
6 months to
18 Nov 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 4 6 5
Rank change year-on-year +2 -1 +9
Contract jobs citing Java 842 695 693
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in Scotland 16.13% 13.96% 15.83%
As % of the Programming Languages category 39.25% 36.41% 39.20%
Number of daily rates quoted 489 436 396
Scotland median daily rate £425 £400 £363
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +6.25% +10.34% -3.33%
10th Percentile £325 £288 £263
90th Percentile £613 £525 £475
UK median daily rate £510 £500 £460
% change year-on-year +2.00% +8.70% +2.22%
Number of hourly rates quoted 6 4 10
Scotland median hourly rate £42.50 £36.70 £44.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +15.82% -16.60% +4.91%
10th Percentile £35.00 £16.43 £33.60
90th Percentile £88.63 £43.39 £52.02
UK median hourly rate £44.00 £40.00 £38.50
% change year-on-year +10.00% +3.90% -3.75%

Java is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in Scotland with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
Scotland
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 2,145 1,909 1,768
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in Scotland 41.10% 38.35% 40.37%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,212 1,145 1,064
Scotland median daily rate £400 £388 £350
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +3.23% +10.71% -
10th Percentile £300 £286 £263
90th Percentile £544 £525 £475
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £425
% change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 21 28 33
Scotland median hourly rate £32.50 £27.00 £41.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +20.37% -34.15% +9.33%
10th Percentile £10.75 £15.09 £14.85
90th Percentile £44.27 £195.00 £51.60
UK median hourly rate £41.53 £40.00 £37.50
% change year-on-year +3.83% +6.67% +0.67%

Java
Job Vacancy Trend in Scotland

Job postings citing Java as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in Scotland.

Job vacancy trend for Java in Scotland

Java
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in Scotland

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Java in Scotland.

Contractor daily rate trend for Java in Scotland

Java
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in Scotland

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Java in Scotland over the 6 months to 18 November 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Java in Scotland

Java
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in Scotland

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Java in Scotland.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Java in Scotland

Java
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in Scotland

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Java in Scotland over the 6 months to 18 November 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Java in Scotland

Java
Contract Job Locations in Scotland

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Java within the Scotland region over the 6 months to 18 November 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Edinburgh +1 428 £438 +9.38% 90
Glasgow 0 351 £409 +2.19% 63
Dundee +1 11 £225 -6.25% 1
West Lothian -3 10 £305 -26.51% 2
Renfrewshire -8 5 £250 -
Lothian 0 3 - -
Fife +3 2 - - 6
Moray 0 1 £470 +4.44%
Argyll and Bute - 1 £388 -
Lanarkshire - 1 - - 1
Java
UK

For the 6 months to 18 November 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Java also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the Scotland region with a requirement for Java.

1 466 (55.34%) Agile Software Development
2 301 (35.75%) Spring
3 246 (29.22%) JavaScript
4 223 (26.48%) Finance
5 212 (25.18%) SQL
6 208 (24.70%) Python
7 190 (22.57%) Oracle
8 176 (20.90%) Scrum
9 168 (19.95%) Microservices
10 167 (19.83%) Test Automation
11 155 (18.41%) TDD
12 151 (17.93%) HTML
13 146 (17.34%) REST
14 145 (17.22%) Jenkins
14 145 (17.22%) Continuous Integration
15 130 (15.44%) Linux
16 127 (15.08%) AngularJS
17 120 (14.25%) CSS
18 119 (14.13%) Web Services
18 119 (14.13%) Hibernate
19 116 (13.78%) Banking
20 114 (13.54%) DevOps
21 112 (13.30%) Software Engineering
21 112 (13.30%) OO
22 110 (13.06%) SOAP
23 108 (12.83%) Git (software)
24 106 (12.59%) Maven
25 105 (12.47%) Amazon AWS
26 100 (11.88%) Docker
27 94 (11.16%) JUnit

Java
Co-occurring IT Skills in Scotland by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 54 (6.41%) JBoss
2 44 (5.23%) Tomcat
3 37 (4.39%) WebSphere
4 35 (4.16%) Cloud Foundry
5 30 (3.56%) Apache
6 29 (3.44%) Confluence
7 25 (2.97%) Apache Spark
8 21 (2.49%) nginx
9 19 (2.26%) WebLogic
10 18 (2.14%) Jetty
11 11 (1.31%) Elasticsearch
12 8 (0.95%) IIS
13 6 (0.71%) GlassFish
13 6 (0.71%) WebSphere Portal
14 5 (0.59%) Oracle SOA Suite
14 5 (0.59%) WildFly
15 4 (0.48%) Apache Solr
16 3 (0.36%) CMS
16 3 (0.36%) Mule
16 3 (0.36%) SharePoint
Applications
1 9 (1.07%) Microsoft PowerPoint
2 8 (0.95%) Microsoft Office
2 8 (0.95%) MS Visio
3 5 (0.59%) Microsoft Excel
4 1 (0.12%) Chatbot
4 1 (0.12%) EViews
4 1 (0.12%) Mingle
4 1 (0.12%) SPSS
Business Applications
1 9 (1.07%) AquaLogic BPM
1 9 (1.07%) Oracle BPM
2 3 (0.36%) Oracle Cash Management
3 1 (0.12%) Actimize
3 1 (0.12%) Dynamics CRM
3 1 (0.12%) Payment Gateway
Cloud Services
1 105 (12.47%) Amazon AWS
2 40 (4.75%) Microsoft Azure
3 34 (4.04%) PaaS
4 33 (3.92%) npm
5 20 (2.38%) OpenShift
6 19 (2.26%) SaaS
7 17 (2.02%) AWS CloudFormation
8 13 (1.54%) Yarn
9 12 (1.43%) IaaS
10 9 (1.07%) GitHub
10 9 (1.07%) Google Cloud Platform
11 5 (0.59%) Serverless
12 4 (0.48%) AWS Lambda
12 4 (0.48%) Cloud Computing
12 4 (0.48%) Heroku
13 3 (0.36%) Datadog
14 2 (0.24%) Amazon EC2
14 2 (0.24%) Amazon S3
14 2 (0.24%) Boomi
14 2 (0.24%) Virtual Private Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 27 (3.21%) HTTP
2 14 (1.66%) AMQP
3 9 (1.07%) TCP/IP
4 6 (0.71%) SSL
5 4 (0.48%) Internet
6 3 (0.36%) DNS
6 3 (0.36%) Firewall
6 3 (0.36%) LAN
6 3 (0.36%) NetScaler
6 3 (0.36%) Wireless
7 2 (0.24%) BIG-IP
7 2 (0.24%) Ethernet
7 2 (0.24%) Reverse Proxy
7 2 (0.24%) SMS
8 1 (0.12%) Asterisk PBX
8 1 (0.12%) Bluetooth
8 1 (0.12%) F5 BIG-IP LTM
8 1 (0.12%) NFC
Database & Business Intelligence
1 92 (10.93%) NoSQL
2 83 (9.86%) Relational Database
3 80 (9.50%) MongoDB
4 58 (6.89%) Oracle Database
5 48 (5.70%) Hadoop
6 42 (4.99%) RDBMS
7 41 (4.87%) SQL Server
8 38 (4.51%) DB2
9 37 (4.39%) MySQL
10 33 (3.92%) Oracle Database 12c
11 31 (3.68%) PostgreSQL
12 25 (2.97%) Redis
13 21 (2.49%) Big Data
14 18 (2.14%) Riak
15 16 (1.90%) Oracle Database 11g
16 15 (1.78%) Couchbase
17 14 (1.66%) Apache Cassandra
18 12 (1.43%) Impala
19 8 (0.95%) Apache Hive
20 7 (0.83%) Pentaho
Development Applications
1 145 (17.22%) Jenkins
2 108 (12.83%) Git (software)
3 106 (12.59%) Maven
4 94 (11.16%) JUnit
5 81 (9.62%) JIRA
6 70 (8.31%) Cucumber
7 61 (7.24%) Selenium
8 42 (4.99%) Gradle
9 35 (4.16%) TeamCity
10 31 (3.68%) Eclipse
11 27 (3.21%) Oracle Forms
12 26 (3.09%) JMeter
13 25 (2.97%) Subversion
14 24 (2.85%) gulp
14 24 (2.85%) IBM UrbanCode
15 23 (2.73%) Travis CI
16 22 (2.61%) Bitbucket
17 21 (2.49%) CircleCI
18 19 (2.26%) Hudson
19 16 (1.90%) Vagrant
General
1 223 (26.48%) Finance
2 116 (13.78%) Banking
3 31 (3.68%) Investment Banking
4 25 (2.97%) Games
5 16 (1.90%) Front Office
6 11 (1.31%) Advertising
7 8 (0.95%) Retail
8 7 (0.83%) Law
9 4 (0.48%) Financial Institution
9 4 (0.48%) Telecoms
10 1 (0.12%) Electronics
10 1 (0.12%) International Banking
10 1 (0.12%) Manufacturing
10 1 (0.12%) Military
10 1 (0.12%) Private Banking
10 1 (0.12%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 523 (62.11%) Developer
2 334 (39.67%) Java Developer
3 89 (10.57%) Full Stack Developer
4 79 (9.38%) Senior Developer
5 67 (7.96%) Architect
6 41 (4.87%) DevOps Engineer
7 38 (4.51%) Python Developer
8 34 (4.04%) Analyst
8 34 (4.04%) Senior Java Developer
9 31 (3.68%) JavaScript Developer
9 31 (3.68%) Solutions Architect
9 31 (3.68%) Tester
10 30 (3.56%) Software Engineer
11 27 (3.21%) Software Developer
12 26 (3.09%) Java Engineer
13 22 (2.61%) Automation Tester
14 20 (2.38%) Technical Architect
15 19 (2.26%) React Developer
16 18 (2.14%) Applications Support
16 18 (2.14%) Test Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 301 (35.75%) Spring
2 151 (17.93%) HTML
3 146 (17.34%) REST
4 127 (15.08%) AngularJS
5 120 (14.25%) CSS
6 119 (14.13%) Hibernate
6 119 (14.13%) Web Services
7 110 (13.06%) SOAP
8 87 (10.33%) HTML5
8 87 (10.33%) React
9 67 (7.96%) XML
10 64 (7.60%) J2EE
11 62 (7.36%) RESTful
12 57 (6.77%) Node.js
13 56 (6.65%) JSON
14 54 (6.41%) JPA
15 52 (6.18%) Kafka
16 47 (5.58%) .NET
17 46 (5.46%) Spring Boot
18 42 (4.99%) Java EE
Miscellaneous
1 59 (7.01%) Analytical Skills
2 39 (4.63%) User Experience
3 37 (4.39%) Enterprise Software
4 34 (4.04%) Computer Science
5 23 (2.73%) Cloud Native
6 19 (2.26%) Greenfield Project
7 18 (2.14%) Mobile App
8 16 (1.90%) Derivative
8 16 (1.90%) Fintech
9 14 (1.66%) Private Cloud
9 14 (1.66%) Reference Data
10 13 (1.54%) Self-Motivation
11 11 (1.31%) Data Structures
12 10 (1.19%) Algorithms
13 9 (1.07%) Data Centre
14 7 (0.83%) DataPower
15 6 (0.71%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
16 5 (0.59%) Equity Derivative
16 5 (0.59%) Virtual Team
17 4 (0.48%) Equities
Operating Systems
1 130 (15.44%) Linux
2 64 (7.60%) Unix
3 54 (6.41%) Windows
4 31 (3.68%) Android
5 26 (3.09%) Apple iOS
6 17 (2.02%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 6 (0.71%) Solaris
7 6 (0.71%) Windows Server
8 4 (0.48%) Ubuntu
9 3 (0.36%) Windows 7
10 2 (0.24%) AIX
10 2 (0.24%) CentOS
10 2 (0.24%) Debian
10 2 (0.24%) Kali Linux
10 2 (0.24%) Windows 10
11 1 (0.12%) HPUX
11 1 (0.12%) Mac OS X
11 1 (0.12%) Windows Phone
Processes & Methodologies
1 466 (55.34%) Agile Software Development
2 176 (20.90%) Scrum
3 168 (19.95%) Microservices
4 167 (19.83%) Test Automation
5 155 (18.41%) TDD
6 145 (17.22%) Continuous Integration
7 114 (13.54%) DevOps
8 112 (13.30%) OO
8 112 (13.30%) Software Engineering
9 80 (9.50%) BDD
10 75 (8.91%) Kanban
11 74 (8.79%) SDLC
12 71 (8.43%) Analytics
13 68 (8.08%) Problem-Solving
14 62 (7.36%) Web Development
15 55 (6.53%) Continuous Delivery
16 50 (5.94%) Mentoring
17 47 (5.58%) Multithreading
18 46 (5.46%) Open Source
19 44 (5.23%) Unit Testing
Programming Languages
1 246 (29.22%) JavaScript
2 212 (25.18%) SQL
3 208 (24.70%) Python
4 90 (10.69%) Java 8
5 81 (9.62%) C#
6 58 (6.89%) Perl
7 56 (6.65%) Scala
8 53 (6.29%) C++
9 47 (5.58%) Groovy
10 42 (4.99%) Shell Script
11 38 (4.51%) Ruby
12 36 (4.28%) PL/SQL
13 26 (3.09%) Bash Shell
13 26 (3.09%) PHP
14 14 (1.66%) PowerShell
15 13 (1.54%) R
16 12 (1.43%) ES6
17 9 (1.07%) Kotlin
17 9 (1.07%) XPath
18 8 (0.95%) Objective-C
Qualifications
1 74 (8.79%) Degree
2 27 (3.21%) Security Cleared
3 22 (2.61%) SC Cleared
4 17 (2.02%) Computer Science Degree
5 9 (1.07%) ISTQB
6 7 (0.83%) DV Cleared
7 5 (0.59%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
8 4 (0.48%) BPSS Clearance
9 3 (0.36%) ACDT
9 3 (0.36%) ACHDS
9 3 (0.36%) ACTC
9 3 (0.36%) ISEB
9 3 (0.36%) MCDST
9 3 (0.36%) MCP
9 3 (0.36%) MCSA
9 3 (0.36%) MCSE
9 3 (0.36%) MCSM
9 3 (0.36%) Microsoft Certification
9 3 (0.36%) Network+ Certification
10 2 (0.24%) PhD
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 35 (4.16%) QA
2 13 (1.54%) Disclosure Scotland
3 6 (0.71%) SLA
4 4 (0.48%) GDPR
5 2 (0.24%) Data Quality
5 2 (0.24%) PSD2
6 1 (0.12%) IFRS
6 1 (0.12%) IFRS 9
System Software
1 100 (11.88%) Docker
2 21 (2.49%) Virtual Machines
3 5 (0.59%) Active Directory
4 3 (0.36%) VMware Infrastructure
5 2 (0.24%) Virtual Servers
6 1 (0.12%) Apache Flume
6 1 (0.12%) HDFS
6 1 (0.12%) Varnish
Systems Management
1 70 (8.31%) Ansible
1 70 (8.31%) Puppet
2 55 (6.53%) Opscode Chef
3 50 (5.94%) Kubernetes
4 19 (2.26%) Terraform
5 13 (1.54%) Cobbler
6 6 (0.71%) Kibana
7 4 (0.48%) HP Quality Center
7 4 (0.48%) Nagios
8 3 (0.36%) logstash
9 2 (0.24%) Mesos
9 2 (0.24%) Nessus
9 2 (0.24%) Packer
9 2 (0.24%) PowerCLI
9 2 (0.24%) SELinux
10 1 (0.12%) CA Wily
10 1 (0.12%) Consul
10 1 (0.12%) Prometheus
10 1 (0.12%) Scalr
Vendors
1 190 (22.57%) Oracle
2 41 (4.87%) IBM
3 34 (4.04%) Microsoft
4 15 (1.78%) Informatica
5 12 (1.43%) Atlassian
6 11 (1.31%) TIBCO
7 10 (1.19%) Google
8 9 (1.07%) VMware
9 8 (0.95%) Sybase
10 7 (0.83%) Twitter
11 6 (0.71%) CA
11 6 (0.71%) Talend
12 5 (0.59%) AppDynamics
12 5 (0.59%) New Relic
12 5 (0.59%) Splunk
12 5 (0.59%) Vermilion
13 4 (0.48%) Citrix
13 4 (0.48%) Micro Focus
13 4 (0.48%) Red Hat
13 4 (0.48%) Tableau