Period
to 23 April 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in Scotland with a requirement for Java skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Java over the 6 months to 23 April 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Java
UK > Scotland
6 months to
23 Apr 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 8 5 10
Rank change year-on-year -3 +5 -1
Contract jobs citing Java 636 561 591
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in Scotland 12.76% 15.60% 10.79%
As % of the Programming Languages category 33.56% 35.00% 32.21%
Number of daily rates quoted 396 321 338
Scotland median daily rate £413 £365 £388
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +12.92% -5.73% -3.13%
10th Percentile £315 £258 £268
90th Percentile £575 £488 £529
UK median daily rate £500 £475 £450
% change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 7 13 4
Scotland median hourly rate £13.50 £52.00 £37.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -74.04% +38.67% -16.67%
10th Percentile £12.75 £22.45 £34.28
90th Percentile £34.00 £52.17 £40.88
UK median hourly rate £42.00 £41.00 £40.00
% change year-on-year +2.44% +2.50% -

Java is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in Scotland with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
Scotland
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 1,895 1,603 1,835
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in Scotland 38.02% 44.56% 33.50%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,213 949 1,032
Scotland median daily rate £400 £370 £375
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +8.11% -1.33% -
10th Percentile £280 £263 £261
90th Percentile £529 £480 £514
UK median daily rate £463 £425 £415
% change year-on-year +8.82% +2.41% +3.75%
Number of hourly rates quoted 27 36 28
Scotland median hourly rate £17.30 £43.20 £37.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -59.95% +15.19% +21.95%
10th Percentile £12.75 £14.80 £13.00
90th Percentile £44.05 £57.50 £44.95
UK median hourly rate £40.00 £40.50 £38.50
% change year-on-year -1.23% +5.19% +10.00%

Java
Job Vacancy Trend in Scotland

Job postings citing Java as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in Scotland.

Job vacancy trend for Java in Scotland

Java
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in Scotland

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Java in Scotland.

Contractor daily rate trend for Java in Scotland

Java
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in Scotland

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Java in Scotland over the 6 months to 23 April 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Java in Scotland

Java
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in Scotland

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Java in Scotland.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Java in Scotland

Java
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in Scotland

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Java in Scotland over the 6 months to 23 April 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Java in Scotland

Java
Contract Job Locations in Scotland

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Java within the Scotland region over the 6 months to 23 April 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Edinburgh -1 362 £425 +17.24% 62
Glasgow -2 216 £400 +9.97% 79
Dundee +3 20 £225 - 3
West Lothian -4 13 £449 +15.81%
Fife +7 11 £106 -60.19%
Renfrewshire -18 1 - -
Falkirk - 1 £475 -
Java
UK

For the 6 months to 23 April 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Java also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the Scotland region with a requirement for Java.

1 299 (47.01%) Agile Software Development
2 217 (34.12%) Spring
3 143 (22.48%) JavaScript
4 135 (21.23%) SOA
5 129 (20.28%) Hibernate
6 121 (19.03%) TDD
7 120 (18.87%) SQL
7 120 (18.87%) Continuous Integration
8 119 (18.71%) Test Automation
9 111 (17.45%) Linux
10 110 (17.30%) Finance
11 109 (17.14%) Python
12 106 (16.67%) Scrum
13 101 (15.88%) Jenkins
14 96 (15.09%) Oracle
15 90 (14.15%) OO
15 90 (14.15%) JBoss
16 83 (13.05%) HTML
17 81 (12.74%) Git (software)
18 80 (12.58%) Maven
18 80 (12.58%) Web Services
19 76 (11.95%) BDD
20 75 (11.79%) Selenium
21 73 (11.48%) XML
21 73 (11.48%) AngularJS
22 68 (10.69%) CSS
22 68 (10.69%) RESTful
23 65 (10.22%) C#
24 60 (9.43%) Relational Database
25 59 (9.28%) Java EE

Java
Co-occurring IT Skills in Scotland by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 90 (14.15%) JBoss
2 37 (5.82%) Confluence
3 30 (4.72%) Oracle SOA Suite
4 17 (2.67%) Cloud Foundry
4 17 (2.67%) Tomcat
4 17 (2.67%) WebSphere
5 15 (2.36%) Apache
6 11 (1.73%) GeoServer
6 11 (1.73%) WebLogic
7 10 (1.57%) Jetty
8 8 (1.26%) Apache Spark
8 8 (1.26%) CMS
9 5 (0.79%) SAS
10 4 (0.63%) Elasticsearch
10 4 (0.63%) nginx
10 4 (0.63%) SharePoint
11 3 (0.47%) Apache Solr
11 3 (0.47%) MS Exchange
12 2 (0.31%) Apache Pig
13 1 (0.16%) Adobe Experience Manager
Applications
1 6 (0.94%) Microsoft Office
2 5 (0.79%) MS Visio
3 3 (0.47%) Microsoft Excel
3 3 (0.47%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 1 (0.16%) Chatbot
4 1 (0.16%) Mingle
Business Applications
1 6 (0.94%) Payment Gateway
2 3 (0.47%) Endur
2 3 (0.47%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
3 1 (0.16%) Dynamics CRM
3 1 (0.16%) Oracle EBS R12
3 1 (0.16%) Oracle Payables
3 1 (0.16%) SunGard GMI
Cloud Services
1 40 (6.29%) Amazon AWS
2 17 (2.67%) PaaS
3 16 (2.52%) GitHub
4 15 (2.36%) Microsoft Azure
5 6 (0.94%) OpenShift
6 5 (0.79%) AWS CloudFormation
6 5 (0.79%) IaaS
6 5 (0.79%) npm
7 3 (0.47%) Amazon EC2
7 3 (0.47%) Amazon S3
7 3 (0.47%) Amazon SQS
7 3 (0.47%) Cloud Computing
8 2 (0.31%) Heroku
8 2 (0.31%) iTunes
8 2 (0.31%) Office 365
9 1 (0.16%) Bluemix
9 1 (0.16%) Datadog
9 1 (0.16%) Google Analytics
9 1 (0.16%) IBM Cloud
9 1 (0.16%) SaaS
Communications & Networking
1 20 (3.14%) HTTP
2 15 (2.36%) DSL
3 14 (2.20%) TCP/IP
4 10 (1.57%) SSL
5 9 (1.42%) Reverse Proxy
6 8 (1.26%) DNS
6 8 (1.26%) Internet
7 7 (1.10%) Firewall
8 4 (0.63%) Intranet
9 2 (0.31%) AMQP
9 2 (0.31%) OpenVPN
9 2 (0.31%) SMS
10 1 (0.16%) HTTPS
10 1 (0.16%) IPsec
10 1 (0.16%) X.509
Database & Business Intelligence
1 60 (9.43%) Relational Database
2 29 (4.56%) Hadoop
3 28 (4.40%) NoSQL
4 27 (4.25%) RDBMS
5 25 (3.93%) Oracle Database
6 20 (3.14%) GIS
7 19 (2.99%) Big Data
7 19 (2.99%) SQL Server
8 17 (2.67%) PostgreSQL
9 15 (2.36%) MySQL
10 13 (2.04%) Oracle Database 11g
11 12 (1.89%) Apache Cassandra
11 12 (1.89%) DB2
12 10 (1.57%) MongoDB
13 8 (1.26%) QGIS
14 7 (1.10%) Data Warehouse
15 6 (0.94%) Oracle Database 10g
15 6 (0.94%) Pentaho
16 5 (0.79%) Redis
16 5 (0.79%) Riak
Development Applications
1 101 (15.88%) Jenkins
2 81 (12.74%) Git (software)
3 80 (12.58%) Maven
4 75 (11.79%) Selenium
5 59 (9.28%) JIRA
6 51 (8.02%) Cucumber
7 37 (5.82%) Eclipse
8 26 (4.09%) JUnit
9 20 (3.14%) Mockito
9 20 (3.14%) Zephyr
10 17 (2.67%) Appium
10 17 (2.67%) Subversion
11 14 (2.20%) Gradle
11 14 (2.20%) TeamCity
12 12 (1.89%) GitLab
12 12 (1.89%) SpecFlow
13 11 (1.73%) LoadRunner
14 8 (1.26%) Ant
15 7 (1.10%) Artifactory
15 7 (1.10%) Hudson
General
1 110 (17.30%) Finance
2 53 (8.33%) Banking
3 20 (3.14%) Retail
4 9 (1.42%) Games
5 7 (1.10%) Investment Banking
6 6 (0.94%) Publishing
7 4 (0.63%) Retail Banking
8 3 (0.47%) Law
8 3 (0.47%) Local Government
8 3 (0.47%) Marketing
9 1 (0.16%) Advertising
9 1 (0.16%) Back Office
9 1 (0.16%) Financial Institution
9 1 (0.16%) Front Office
9 1 (0.16%) General Ledger
9 1 (0.16%) Legal
9 1 (0.16%) Prime Brokerage
9 1 (0.16%) Private Banking
Job Titles
1 335 (52.67%) Developer
2 231 (36.32%) Java Developer
3 70 (11.01%) Architect
4 57 (8.96%) Senior Developer
5 44 (6.92%) Analyst
6 43 (6.76%) Senior Java Developer
7 41 (6.45%) Solutions Architect
8 39 (6.13%) Designer
9 34 (5.35%) Test Analyst
10 27 (4.25%) Tester
11 25 (3.93%) Technical Architect
12 24 (3.77%) DevOps Engineer
12 24 (3.77%) Lead Developer
13 23 (3.62%) Java Engineer
14 22 (3.46%) Automation Tester
15 21 (3.30%) Lead Java Developer
16 20 (3.14%) Applications Developer
16 20 (3.14%) Full Stack Developer
16 20 (3.14%) Solutions Designer
17 19 (2.99%) Java Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 217 (34.12%) Spring
2 129 (20.28%) Hibernate
3 83 (13.05%) HTML
4 80 (12.58%) Web Services
5 73 (11.48%) AngularJS
5 73 (11.48%) XML
6 68 (10.69%) CSS
6 68 (10.69%) RESTful
7 59 (9.28%) Java EE
8 57 (8.96%) Drools
9 52 (8.18%) J2EE
10 49 (7.70%) SOAP
11 46 (7.23%) XSLT
12 42 (6.60%) React
13 40 (6.29%) Spring Boot
14 36 (5.66%) JSON
15 35 (5.50%) REST
16 33 (5.19%) jQuery
17 32 (5.03%) Node.js
18 31 (4.87%) HTML5
Miscellaneous
1 38 (5.97%) Analytical Skills
2 36 (5.66%) Computer Science
3 30 (4.72%) Enterprise Software
4 26 (4.09%) User Experience
5 21 (3.30%) Mobile App
6 16 (2.52%) Algorithms
7 15 (2.36%) Greenfield Project
7 15 (2.36%) iPad
8 13 (2.04%) Data Centre
8 13 (2.04%) Data Structures
8 13 (2.04%) Self-Motivation
9 12 (1.89%) Derivative
10 10 (1.57%) Virtual Team
11 6 (0.94%) Credit Risk
12 5 (0.79%) Equities
12 5 (0.79%) OTC Derivatives
13 3 (0.47%) Mainframe
13 3 (0.47%) Management Information System
13 3 (0.47%) Mobile Banking
13 3 (0.47%) Wiki
Operating Systems
1 111 (17.45%) Linux
2 53 (8.33%) Unix
3 34 (5.35%) Apple iOS
4 25 (3.93%) Android
5 15 (2.36%) Windows
6 13 (2.04%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 9 (1.42%) Mac OS X
8 3 (0.47%) AIX
9 1 (0.16%) zOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 299 (47.01%) Agile Software Development
2 135 (21.23%) SOA
3 121 (19.03%) TDD
4 120 (18.87%) Continuous Integration
5 119 (18.71%) Test Automation
6 106 (16.67%) Scrum
7 90 (14.15%) OO
8 76 (11.95%) BDD
9 52 (8.18%) Microservices
10 50 (7.86%) DevOps
10 50 (7.86%) Kanban
11 49 (7.70%) SDLC
12 45 (7.08%) Mentoring
13 41 (6.45%) Problem-Solving
13 41 (6.45%) Software Engineering
14 39 (6.13%) Workflow
15 37 (5.82%) Web Development
16 36 (5.66%) Configuration Management
17 34 (5.35%) OOD
18 33 (5.19%) UML
Programming Languages
1 143 (22.48%) JavaScript
2 120 (18.87%) SQL
3 109 (17.14%) Python
4 65 (10.22%) C#
5 54 (8.49%) Java 8
6 47 (7.39%) C++
7 20 (3.14%) Perl
8 18 (2.83%) Scala
9 14 (2.20%) Bash Shell
9 14 (2.20%) Ruby
10 13 (2.04%) PL/SQL
11 12 (1.89%) TypeScript
12 10 (1.57%) PHP
13 9 (1.42%) Groovy
13 9 (1.42%) Objective-C
14 7 (1.10%) Apple Swift
14 7 (1.10%) Shell Script
15 5 (0.79%) R
16 4 (0.63%) ES6
16 4 (0.63%) HQL
Qualifications
1 35 (5.50%) Degree
2 17 (2.67%) Computer Science Degree
3 11 (1.73%) ISEB
3 11 (1.73%) ISTQB
4 7 (1.10%) Security Cleared
5 6 (0.94%) TOGAF Certification
6 5 (0.79%) Sun Certification
7 4 (0.63%) BPSS Clearance
8 3 (0.47%) MBA
9 2 (0.31%) CCNP
9 2 (0.31%) Cisco Certification
9 2 (0.31%) ITIL Certification
9 2 (0.31%) PhD
9 2 (0.31%) SC Cleared
10 1 (0.16%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
10 1 (0.16%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
10 1 (0.16%) Numerate Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 35 (5.50%) QA
2 18 (2.83%) Disclosure Scotland
3 6 (0.94%) Data Quality
4 2 (0.31%) PMO
4 2 (0.31%) PSD2
5 1 (0.16%) GDPR
5 1 (0.16%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 1 (0.16%) PCI DSS
System Software
1 47 (7.39%) Docker
2 8 (1.26%) GeoWebCache
3 5 (0.79%) Active Directory
4 4 (0.63%) Virtual Machines
4 4 (0.63%) VMware Infrastructure
5 2 (0.31%) Apache ZooKeeper
5 2 (0.31%) VMware NSX
6 1 (0.16%) Apache Flume
6 1 (0.16%) Oracle RAC
6 1 (0.16%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 31 (4.87%) Puppet
2 29 (4.56%) Ansible
3 16 (2.52%) Kubernetes
4 13 (2.04%) Opscode Chef
5 8 (1.26%) HP SiteScope
5 8 (1.26%) OpenView
6 7 (1.10%) Kibana
6 7 (1.10%) Single Sign-On
7 6 (0.94%) TeamSite
8 5 (0.79%) Cobbler
9 4 (0.63%) Oracle Flashback
10 3 (0.47%) logstash
10 3 (0.47%) SELinux
10 3 (0.47%) Terraform
11 2 (0.31%) Ambari
11 2 (0.31%) CA Single Sign-On
11 2 (0.31%) Grafana
11 2 (0.31%) HP Quality Center
11 2 (0.31%) Packer
11 2 (0.31%) PingFederate
Vendors
1 96 (15.09%) Oracle
2 16 (2.52%) Red Hat
3 11 (1.73%) HP
4 10 (1.57%) Microsoft
4 10 (1.57%) Splunk
5 9 (1.42%) IBM
6 8 (1.26%) Perforce
6 8 (1.26%) Sybase
6 8 (1.26%) VMware
7 7 (1.10%) Atlassian
7 7 (1.10%) Xamarin
8 5 (0.79%) Capita
8 5 (0.79%) Guidewire
9 4 (0.63%) Cisco
9 4 (0.63%) Google
9 4 (0.63%) TIBCO
10 3 (0.47%) CheckPoint
10 3 (0.47%) F5
10 3 (0.47%) Northgate
10 3 (0.47%) OpenLink