Period
to 19 November 2017

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in Scotland with a requirement for Java skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Java over the 6 months to 19 November 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Java
UK > Scotland
6 months to
19 Nov 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 6 5 14
Rank change year-on-year -1 +9 -8
Contract jobs citing Java 691 691 557
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in Scotland 13.97% 15.92% 8.98%
As % of the Programming Languages category 36.37% 39.37% 29.01%
Number of daily rates quoted 434 395 294
Scotland median daily rate £400 £363 £375
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +10.34% -3.33% -6.25%
10th Percentile £288 £263 £275
90th Percentile £525 £475 £500
UK median daily rate £500 £460 £450
% change year-on-year +8.70% +2.22% +1.75%
Number of hourly rates quoted 4 10 14
Scotland median hourly rate £36.70 £44.00 £41.94
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -16.60% +4.91% +104.59%
10th Percentile £16.43 £33.60 £40.38
90th Percentile £43.39 £52.02 £55.00
UK median hourly rate £40.00 £38.50 £40.00
% change year-on-year +3.90% -3.75% +11.11%

Java is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in Scotland with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
Scotland
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 1900 1755 1920
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in Scotland 38.41% 40.44% 30.95%
Number of daily rates quoted 1139 1060 1042
Scotland median daily rate £388 £350 £350
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +10.71% - -6.67%
10th Percentile £284 £263 £260
90th Percentile £525 £475 £500
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £400
% change year-on-year +5.88% +6.25% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 28 31 45
Scotland median hourly rate £27.00 £40.00 £37.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -32.50% +6.67% +7.14%
10th Percentile £15.09 £14.85 £14.48
90th Percentile £195.00 £52.00 £55.00
UK median hourly rate £40.00 £37.50 £37.50
% change year-on-year +6.67% - +23.97%

Java
Job Vacancy Trend in Scotland

Job postings citing Java as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in Scotland.

Job vacancy trend for Java in Scotland

Java
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in Scotland

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Java in Scotland.

Contractor daily rate trend for Java in Scotland

Java
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in Scotland

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Java in Scotland over the 6 months to 19 November 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Java in Scotland

Java
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in Scotland

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Java in Scotland.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Java in Scotland

Java
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in Scotland

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Java in Scotland over the 6 months to 19 November 2017.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Java in Scotland

Java
Contract Job Locations in Scotland

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Java within the Scotland region over the 6 months to 19 November 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Edinburgh -1 373 £400 +10.73% 24
Glasgow 0 251 £400 +3.23% 14
West Lothian 0 34 £415 +9.93% 2
Aberdeenshire 0 5 £400 -
Fife +4 3 - -
Dundee -5 2 £240 -7.69% 1
Moray - 2 £450 -
West Dunbartonshire 0 1 £425 +1.19%
Renfrewshire -2 1 - -
Aberdeen -11 1 £520 +48.57%
Lothian - 1 - -
South Lanarkshire - 1 £300 -
Java
UK

For the 6 months to 19 November 2017, IT contractor jobs citing Java also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads across the Scotland region with a requirement for Java.

1 347 (50.22%) Agile Software Development
2 248 (35.89%) Spring
3 196 (28.36%) JavaScript
4 193 (27.93%) SQL
5 174 (25.18%) Linux
6 158 (22.87%) Git (software)
7 148 (21.42%) Continuous Integration
8 143 (20.69%) Finance
9 140 (20.26%) Test Automation
10 133 (19.25%) TDD
11 132 (19.10%) Jenkins
12 128 (18.52%) Web Services
13 127 (18.38%) Hibernate
14 125 (18.09%) Oracle
15 120 (17.37%) Scrum
16 119 (17.22%) HTML
17 109 (15.77%) RESTful
18 102 (14.76%) Maven
19 100 (14.47%) Python
19 100 (14.47%) SOA
20 94 (13.60%) CSS
21 83 (12.01%) Unix
22 81 (11.72%) JBoss
22 81 (11.72%) Software Engineering
22 81 (11.72%) BDD
23 80 (11.58%) Relational Database
24 79 (11.43%) OO
25 78 (11.29%) AngularJS
26 75 (10.85%) Cucumber
27 69 (9.99%) Microservices

Java
Co-occurring IT Skills in Scotland by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 81 (11.72%) JBoss
2 53 (7.67%) Tomcat
3 34 (4.92%) Oracle SOA Suite
4 32 (4.63%) WebSphere
5 28 (4.05%) Apache
6 18 (2.60%) Apache Spark
7 14 (2.03%) Confluence
8 13 (1.88%) WebSphere Application Server
9 10 (1.45%) WebSphere Portal
10 9 (1.30%) Cloud Foundry
11 7 (1.01%) CMS
11 7 (1.01%) WebLogic
12 6 (0.87%) IIS
12 6 (0.87%) Jetty
12 6 (0.87%) SAS
13 3 (0.43%) Adobe Experience Manager
13 3 (0.43%) Elasticsearch
13 3 (0.43%) IBM HTTP Server
13 3 (0.43%) SharePoint
14 2 (0.29%) GeoServer
Applications
1 6 (0.87%) Microsoft Excel
2 2 (0.29%) Microsoft Office
Business Applications
1 19 (2.75%) Payment Gateway
2 9 (1.30%) Oracle BPM
3 2 (0.29%) assyst
3 2 (0.29%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
4 1 (0.14%) Dynamics CRM
4 1 (0.14%) Oracle EBS R12
Cloud Services
1 66 (9.55%) Amazon AWS
2 36 (5.21%) GitHub
3 16 (2.32%) Microsoft Azure
4 11 (1.59%) PaaS
5 10 (1.45%) Amazon EC2
6 8 (1.16%) Amazon S3
7 7 (1.01%) Amazon SQS
8 6 (0.87%) IaaS
8 6 (0.87%) npm
8 6 (0.87%) OpenShift
9 5 (0.72%) Yarn
10 4 (0.58%) Cloud Computing
11 3 (0.43%) AWS CloudFormation
11 3 (0.43%) Google Analytics
11 3 (0.43%) Sauce Labs
12 2 (0.29%) Amazon ELB
12 2 (0.29%) AWS Lambda
12 2 (0.29%) BlazeMeter
12 2 (0.29%) Serverless
12 2 (0.29%) Virtual Private Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 29 (4.20%) Firewall
2 20 (2.89%) DNS
3 16 (2.32%) HTTP
4 14 (2.03%) TCP/IP
5 12 (1.74%) Internet
6 11 (1.59%) LDAP
6 11 (1.59%) SSL
7 7 (1.01%) AMQP
7 7 (1.01%) BIG-IP
7 7 (1.01%) NetScaler
8 6 (0.87%) Intranet
9 4 (0.58%) HTTPS
10 3 (0.43%) F5 BIG-IP GTM
10 3 (0.43%) F5 BIG-IP LTM
10 3 (0.43%) LAN
10 3 (0.43%) Reverse Proxy
10 3 (0.43%) SMS
10 3 (0.43%) WAN
11 1 (0.14%) NAS
11 1 (0.14%) VPN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 80 (11.58%) Relational Database
2 57 (8.25%) NoSQL
3 54 (7.81%) RDBMS
4 31 (4.49%) MongoDB
5 30 (4.34%) DB2
6 27 (3.91%) Big Data
7 26 (3.76%) MySQL
7 26 (3.76%) Oracle Database
8 21 (3.04%) PostgreSQL
8 21 (3.04%) SQL Server
9 12 (1.74%) Hadoop
9 12 (1.74%) Parquet
10 9 (1.30%) GIS
11 7 (1.01%) Apache Cassandra
12 6 (0.87%) Couchbase
12 6 (0.87%) Oracle Database 11g
12 6 (0.87%) Redis
12 6 (0.87%) Riak
13 4 (0.58%) Apache Hive
13 4 (0.58%) Impala
Development Applications
1 158 (22.87%) Git (software)
2 132 (19.10%) Jenkins
3 102 (14.76%) Maven
4 75 (10.85%) Cucumber
5 66 (9.55%) Selenium
6 56 (8.10%) JUnit
7 51 (7.38%) Subversion
8 49 (7.09%) JIRA
9 36 (5.21%) Mockito
10 34 (4.92%) GitLab
11 28 (4.05%) LoadRunner
12 27 (3.91%) Eclipse
13 26 (3.76%) Mercurial
14 20 (2.89%) Ant
15 19 (2.75%) TeamCity
16 15 (2.17%) Sonatype Nexus
17 14 (2.03%) JMeter
18 13 (1.88%) Appium
18 13 (1.88%) Gradle
19 11 (1.59%) Hudson
General
1 143 (20.69%) Finance
2 54 (7.81%) Banking
3 11 (1.59%) Investment Banking
4 9 (1.30%) Telecoms
5 7 (1.01%) Front Office
6 4 (0.58%) Games
6 4 (0.58%) Law
7 3 (0.43%) Local Government
7 3 (0.43%) Marketing
7 3 (0.43%) Publishing
8 2 (0.29%) Retail
9 1 (0.14%) Financial Institution
9 1 (0.14%) German Language
9 1 (0.14%) Italian Language
9 1 (0.14%) Manufacturing
9 1 (0.14%) Private Banking
9 1 (0.14%) Retail Banking
9 1 (0.14%) Spanish Language
Job Titles
1 418 (60.49%) Developer
2 309 (44.72%) Java Developer
3 49 (7.09%) Analyst
4 46 (6.66%) Java Engineer
5 45 (6.51%) Senior Developer
6 37 (5.35%) Test Analyst
7 35 (5.07%) Tester
8 34 (4.92%) Senior Java Developer
9 29 (4.20%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
10 28 (4.05%) JavaScript Developer
10 28 (4.05%) Lead Developer
10 28 (4.05%) Software Engineer
11 26 (3.76%) Architect
12 25 (3.62%) Performance Tester
13 20 (2.89%) Lead Java Developer
14 19 (2.75%) Consultant
14 19 (2.75%) DevOps Engineer
15 18 (2.60%) Full Stack Developer
16 17 (2.46%) Java Software Engineer
16 17 (2.46%) Senior Tester
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 248 (35.89%) Spring
2 128 (18.52%) Web Services
3 127 (18.38%) Hibernate
4 119 (17.22%) HTML
5 109 (15.77%) RESTful
6 94 (13.60%) CSS
7 78 (11.29%) AngularJS
8 66 (9.55%) J2EE
8 66 (9.55%) XML
9 59 (8.54%) React
9 59 (8.54%) REST
10 58 (8.39%) JSON
11 52 (7.53%) Java EE
12 45 (6.51%) JPA
13 44 (6.37%) jQuery
14 42 (6.08%) HTML5
14 42 (6.08%) SOAP
15 38 (5.50%) JMS
16 32 (4.63%) Drools
16 32 (4.63%) XSLT
Miscellaneous
1 44 (6.37%) Computer Science
2 40 (5.79%) Analytical Skills
3 29 (4.20%) Data Structures
4 26 (3.76%) Algorithms
5 18 (2.60%) Management Information System
6 17 (2.46%) User Experience
7 14 (2.03%) PKI
8 12 (1.74%) Greenfield Project
9 11 (1.59%) DataPower
9 11 (1.59%) Enterprise Software
10 6 (0.87%) Mobile App
11 5 (0.72%) Virtual Team
12 4 (0.58%) Derivative
13 3 (0.43%) Digital Media
13 3 (0.43%) Equity Derivative
13 3 (0.43%) Fintech
13 3 (0.43%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
13 3 (0.43%) Mainframe
13 3 (0.43%) PMI
13 3 (0.43%) STB
Operating Systems
1 174 (25.18%) Linux
2 83 (12.01%) Unix
3 55 (7.96%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
4 36 (5.21%) Windows
5 13 (1.88%) Android
6 8 (1.16%) Windows Server
7 7 (1.01%) Apple iOS
7 7 (1.01%) Solaris
8 3 (0.43%) DC/OS
9 1 (0.14%) AIX
9 1 (0.14%) CentOS
9 1 (0.14%) Debian
9 1 (0.14%) Ubuntu
Processes & Methodologies
1 347 (50.22%) Agile Software Development
2 148 (21.42%) Continuous Integration
3 140 (20.26%) Test Automation
4 133 (19.25%) TDD
5 120 (17.37%) Scrum
6 100 (14.47%) SOA
7 81 (11.72%) BDD
7 81 (11.72%) Software Engineering
8 79 (11.43%) OO
9 69 (9.99%) Microservices
10 60 (8.68%) DevOps
11 59 (8.54%) SDLC
12 52 (7.53%) Kanban
13 49 (7.09%) Configuration Management
14 43 (6.22%) Front End Development
15 37 (5.35%) Performance Testing
16 35 (5.07%) Web Development
17 33 (4.78%) CRM
18 31 (4.49%) Analytics
19 29 (4.20%) Non-Functional Testing
Programming Languages
1 196 (28.36%) JavaScript
2 193 (27.93%) SQL
3 100 (14.47%) Python
4 61 (8.83%) Perl
5 52 (7.53%) C#
6 29 (4.20%) Ruby
7 27 (3.91%) Bash Shell
8 25 (3.62%) Scala
9 24 (3.47%) PL/SQL
10 23 (3.33%) C++
11 16 (2.32%) Shell Script
12 14 (2.03%) ES6
13 13 (1.88%) PHP
14 11 (1.59%) PowerShell
15 6 (0.87%) Prolog
16 5 (0.72%) VBA
17 4 (0.58%) TypeScript
18 3 (0.43%) CoffeeScript
19 2 (0.29%) COBOL
19 2 (0.29%) VB
Qualifications
1 45 (6.51%) Degree
2 20 (2.89%) Computer Science Degree
3 17 (2.46%) Security Cleared
4 12 (1.74%) CEH
4 12 (1.74%) CISSP
4 12 (1.74%) SANS
5 7 (1.01%) BC Cleared
5 7 (1.01%) ISTQB
6 4 (0.58%) SC Cleared
7 3 (0.43%) ISEB
7 3 (0.43%) PMI Certification
7 3 (0.43%) PMP
8 2 (0.29%) BPSS Clearance
8 2 (0.29%) HND
8 2 (0.29%) Numerate Degree
9 1 (0.14%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
9 1 (0.14%) PRINCE2 Certification
9 1 (0.14%) RHCE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 31 (4.49%) QA
2 18 (2.60%) GDPR
3 13 (1.88%) Disclosure Scotland
3 13 (1.88%) PCI DSS
4 2 (0.29%) Dodd-Frank
5 1 (0.14%) EMIR
5 1 (0.14%) MiFID
5 1 (0.14%) PMO
System Software
1 40 (5.79%) Docker
2 3 (0.43%) Active Directory
2 3 (0.43%) Apache ZooKeeper
2 3 (0.43%) NFS
3 2 (0.29%) Virtual Machines
4 1 (0.14%) Apache Flume
4 1 (0.14%) OpenAM
4 1 (0.14%) Tivoli Workload Scheduler
4 1 (0.14%) VMware Infrastructure
Systems Management
1 60 (8.68%) Puppet
2 53 (7.67%) Ansible
3 27 (3.91%) HP SiteScope
3 27 (3.91%) OpenView
3 27 (3.91%) Opscode Chef
4 13 (1.88%) Kubernetes
5 6 (0.87%) Cobbler
5 6 (0.87%) Netcool
5 6 (0.87%) SCOM
6 4 (0.58%) WMI
7 3 (0.43%) Apache Brooklyn
7 3 (0.43%) Business Desktop Deployment
7 3 (0.43%) Marathon
7 3 (0.43%) Mesos
8 2 (0.29%) CA Endevor
8 2 (0.29%) CA Service Virtualization
8 2 (0.29%) Computer Emergency Response Teams
8 2 (0.29%) Packer
8 2 (0.29%) Terraform
9 1 (0.14%) HP Quality Center
Vendors
1 125 (18.09%) Oracle
2 40 (5.79%) Red Hat
3 31 (4.49%) HP
3 31 (4.49%) Sybase
4 18 (2.60%) IBM
5 17 (2.46%) Perforce
6 16 (2.32%) Splunk
7 12 (1.74%) Microsoft
8 8 (1.16%) F5
9 7 (1.01%) Citrix
9 7 (1.01%) CyberArk
10 6 (0.87%) Informatica
10 6 (0.87%) Pega
11 5 (0.72%) TIBCO
11 5 (0.72%) VMware
12 4 (0.58%) AppDynamics
12 4 (0.58%) CA
12 4 (0.58%) Cisco
12 4 (0.58%) Google
12 4 (0.58%) Imperva