Period
to 17 October 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in Scotland with a requirement for Java skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Java over the 6 months to 17 October 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Java
UK > Scotland
6 months to
17 Oct 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 9 5 7
Rank change year-on-year -4 +2 0
Contract jobs citing Java 526 853 696
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in Scotland 12.75% 15.91% 14.34%
As % of the Programming Languages category 32.49% 39.16% 35.56%
Number of daily rates quoted 278 503 431
Scotland median daily rate £450 £425 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.88% +6.25% +9.97%
10th Percentile £313 £325 £288
90th Percentile £556 £600 £510
UK median daily rate £525 £500 £500
% change year-on-year +5.00% - +11.11%
Number of hourly rates quoted 5 2 3
Scotland median hourly rate £43.00 £39.00 £43.39
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +10.26% -10.12% +11.97%
UK median hourly rate £43.00 £45.00 £40.00
% change year-on-year -4.44% +12.50% +9.59%

Java is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in Scotland with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
Scotland
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 1,619 2,178 1,957
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in Scotland 39.23% 40.63% 40.32%
Number of daily rates quoted 945 1,244 1,157
Scotland median daily rate £430 £400 £388
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +7.50% +3.23% +10.71%
10th Percentile £313 £294 £281
90th Percentile £566 £538 £525
UK median daily rate £475 £475 £450
% change year-on-year - +5.56% +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 18 21 25
Scotland median hourly rate £37.75 £30.00 £35.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +25.83% -14.29% -12.50%
10th Percentile £31.85 £10.75 £15.68
90th Percentile £46.30 £44.27 £195.00
UK median hourly rate £44.00 £42.00 £40.00
% change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% +6.67%

Java
Job Vacancy Trend in Scotland

Job postings citing Java as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in Scotland.

Job vacancy trend for Java in Scotland

Java
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in Scotland

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Java in Scotland.

Contractor daily rate trend for Java in Scotland

Java
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in Scotland

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Java in Scotland over the 6 months to 17 October 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Java in Scotland

Java
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in Scotland

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Java in Scotland.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Java in Scotland

Java
Contract Job Locations in Scotland

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Java within the Scotland region over the 6 months to 17 October 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Edinburgh -2 266 £450 +5.88% 76
Glasgow -1 233 £475 +11.76% 64
Dundee -2 4 £351 +55.78% 5
Fife -4 4 £106 - 1
Renfrewshire +25 2 £350 +40.00%
Aberdeen - 2 £425 - 7
Midlothian - 2 £400 -
South Ayrshire - 1 £550 -
Java
UK

For the 6 months to 17 October 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Java also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the Scotland region with a requirement for Java.

1 254 (48.29%) Agile Software Development
2 185 (35.17%) Spring
3 126 (23.95%) Python
4 123 (23.38%) SQL
5 108 (20.53%) JavaScript
6 105 (19.96%) REST
7 100 (19.01%) Linux
8 94 (17.87%) Finance
8 94 (17.87%) Jenkins
9 91 (17.30%) Git (software)
9 91 (17.30%) AWS
10 90 (17.11%) Java 8
11 89 (16.92%) Public Sector
12 88 (16.73%) Banking
13 85 (16.16%) Spring Boot
14 84 (15.97%) TDD
14 84 (15.97%) JSON
15 83 (15.78%) Microservices
16 75 (14.26%) HTML
17 74 (14.07%) DevOps
18 72 (13.69%) Web Services
19 64 (12.17%) CSS
19 64 (12.17%) Oracle
19 64 (12.17%) Test Automation
19 64 (12.17%) Continuous Integration
20 63 (11.98%) XML
20 63 (11.98%) Scrum
21 61 (11.60%) JIRA
22 59 (11.22%) Software Engineering
23 57 (10.84%) Problem-Solving

Java
Co-occurring IT Skills in Scotland by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 31 (5.89%) Confluence
2 26 (4.94%) Apache Spark
3 22 (4.18%) WebSphere
4 17 (3.23%) Apache
5 16 (3.04%) Tomcat
6 15 (2.85%) Alfresco
7 11 (2.09%) Adobe Experience Manager
7 11 (2.09%) JBoss
8 8 (1.52%) CMS
9 5 (0.95%) WebSphere Application Server
10 4 (0.76%) Cloud Foundry
10 4 (0.76%) WebLogic
10 4 (0.76%) WebSphere Portal
10 4 (0.76%) WildFly
11 3 (0.57%) IBM HTTP Server
11 3 (0.57%) IIS
11 3 (0.57%) SAS
12 2 (0.38%) Apache Airflow
12 2 (0.38%) Jupyter
12 2 (0.38%) nginx
Applications
1 2 (0.38%) Microsoft Excel
1 2 (0.38%) Microsoft Office
Business Applications
1 8 (1.52%) Sonata
2 3 (0.57%) Oracle EBS
3 2 (0.38%) Oracle Cash Management
3 2 (0.38%) Sentinel
4 1 (0.19%) Maximo
Cloud Services
1 91 (17.30%) AWS
2 40 (7.60%) Azure
3 19 (3.61%) GitHub
4 14 (2.66%) GCP
5 13 (2.47%) OpenShift
6 12 (2.28%) Google Docs
6 12 (2.28%) PaaS
6 12 (2.28%) SaaS
6 12 (2.28%) Slack
7 10 (1.90%) Serverless
8 8 (1.52%) AWS Lambda
9 7 (1.33%) Google Pay
9 7 (1.33%) Samsung Pay
10 6 (1.14%) Amazon S3
11 4 (0.76%) Amazon EC2
12 3 (0.57%) Amazon CloudWatch
12 3 (0.57%) IaaS
13 2 (0.38%) Apigee
13 2 (0.38%) Datadog
13 2 (0.38%) iTunes
Communications & Networking
1 28 (5.32%) Internet
2 12 (2.28%) Skype
3 11 (2.09%) HTTP
3 11 (2.09%) SSH
4 7 (1.33%) Bluetooth
4 7 (1.33%) NFC
5 5 (0.95%) Firewall
6 3 (0.57%) DNS
6 3 (0.57%) LAN
6 3 (0.57%) WAN
7 2 (0.38%) BIG-IP
7 2 (0.38%) Kerberos
7 2 (0.38%) NetScaler
7 2 (0.38%) TCP/IP
7 2 (0.38%) VLAN
8 1 (0.19%) DHCP
8 1 (0.19%) HTTPS
8 1 (0.19%) SAN
8 1 (0.19%) SSL
Database & Business Intelligence
1 45 (8.56%) Big Data
2 39 (7.41%) Relational Database
3 37 (7.03%) NoSQL
4 30 (5.70%) MongoDB
5 27 (5.13%) MySQL
5 27 (5.13%) PostgreSQL
6 26 (4.94%) DB2
7 25 (4.75%) Hadoop
8 23 (4.37%) Oracle Database
9 19 (3.61%) MariaDB
10 16 (3.04%) Apache Hive
11 14 (2.66%) RDBMS
12 12 (2.28%) Impala
12 12 (2.28%) SQL Server
13 6 (1.14%) Amazon DynamoDB
13 6 (1.14%) Apache Cassandra
13 6 (1.14%) Qlik Sense
14 5 (0.95%) Data Warehouse
14 5 (0.95%) HBase
15 4 (0.76%) Oracle Reports
Development Applications
1 94 (17.87%) Jenkins
2 91 (17.30%) Git (software)
3 61 (11.60%) JIRA
4 56 (10.65%) JUnit
5 47 (8.94%) Maven
6 44 (8.37%) Cucumber
7 36 (6.84%) Gradle
8 26 (4.94%) Selenium
9 23 (4.37%) Eclipse
10 21 (3.99%) Mockito
11 16 (3.04%) TeamCity
12 14 (2.66%) Android Studio
13 13 (2.47%) Subversion
14 10 (1.90%) IntelliJ
15 8 (1.52%) Ant
15 8 (1.52%) Artifactory
15 8 (1.52%) Bitbucket
15 8 (1.52%) Hudson
16 7 (1.33%) GitLab
16 7 (1.33%) Visual Studio Team System
General
1 94 (17.87%) Finance
2 89 (16.92%) Public Sector
3 88 (16.73%) Banking
4 14 (2.66%) Investment Banking
5 6 (1.14%) Games
6 5 (0.95%) Billing
6 5 (0.95%) Retail
7 4 (0.76%) Financial Institution
7 4 (0.76%) Law
8 2 (0.38%) Retail Banking
9 1 (0.19%) Aerospace
9 1 (0.19%) Automotive
9 1 (0.19%) Back Office
9 1 (0.19%) Legal
9 1 (0.19%) Private Banking
9 1 (0.19%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 337 (64.07%) Developer
2 195 (37.07%) Java Developer
3 58 (11.03%) Senior Developer
4 44 (8.37%) Full Stack Developer
5 39 (7.41%) Android Developer
6 36 (6.84%) Senior Java Developer
7 30 (5.70%) DevOps Engineer
8 25 (4.75%) Software Engineer
9 23 (4.37%) Java Engineer
9 23 (4.37%) Python Developer
10 22 (4.18%) Analyst
10 22 (4.18%) Data Engineer
11 20 (3.80%) Lead Developer
12 17 (3.23%) Architect
13 16 (3.04%) React Developer
14 15 (2.85%) Web Developer
15 13 (2.47%) Test Analyst
16 12 (2.28%) Big Data Engineer
17 11 (2.09%) Technical Leader
18 10 (1.90%) Python Web Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 185 (35.17%) Spring
2 105 (19.96%) REST
3 85 (16.16%) Spring Boot
4 84 (15.97%) JSON
5 75 (14.26%) HTML
6 72 (13.69%) Web Services
7 64 (12.17%) CSS
8 63 (11.98%) XML
9 51 (9.70%) SOAP
10 46 (8.75%) RESTful
11 41 (7.79%) Hibernate
12 38 (7.22%) AngularJS
12 38 (7.22%) React
13 35 (6.65%) .NET
14 31 (5.89%) Kafka
15 30 (5.70%) Node.js
16 27 (5.13%) J2EE
17 25 (4.75%) HTML5
18 20 (3.80%) JPA
19 17 (3.23%) Gherkin
Miscellaneous
1 36 (6.84%) Analytical Skills
2 26 (4.94%) Greenfield Project
3 23 (4.37%) User Experience
4 19 (3.61%) Mobile Banking
5 16 (3.04%) Linux Command Line
5 16 (3.04%) Public Cloud
6 14 (2.66%) Cloud Native
7 11 (2.09%) Client/Server
7 11 (2.09%) Mobile App
8 9 (1.71%) Algorithms
9 8 (1.52%) Data Structures
10 7 (1.33%) Digital Wallet
10 7 (1.33%) Enterprise Software
10 7 (1.33%) Self-Motivation
11 5 (0.95%) Smartphone
12 4 (0.76%) DataPower
12 4 (0.76%) Mashup
13 3 (0.57%) Equity Derivative
13 3 (0.57%) Mainframe
13 3 (0.57%) Replication
Operating Systems
1 100 (19.01%) Linux
2 53 (10.08%) Unix
3 43 (8.17%) Android
4 19 (3.61%) Windows
5 18 (3.42%) CentOS
6 16 (3.04%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 6 (1.14%) Solaris
8 5 (0.95%) Apple iOS
8 5 (0.95%) Mac OS
9 4 (0.76%) Windows Server
10 3 (0.57%) AIX
11 2 (0.38%) Debian
11 2 (0.38%) Ubuntu
12 1 (0.19%) VMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 254 (48.29%) Agile Software Development
2 84 (15.97%) TDD
3 83 (15.78%) Microservices
4 74 (14.07%) DevOps
5 64 (12.17%) Continuous Integration
5 64 (12.17%) Test Automation
6 63 (11.98%) Scrum
7 59 (11.22%) Software Engineering
8 57 (10.84%) Problem-Solving
9 52 (9.89%) BDD
10 51 (9.70%) OO
11 50 (9.51%) Unit Testing
12 41 (7.79%) Android Development
12 41 (7.79%) SDLC
13 35 (6.65%) Mentoring
14 34 (6.46%) SOA
15 29 (5.51%) Configuration Management
15 29 (5.51%) OOP
16 28 (5.32%) Continuous Delivery
17 27 (5.13%) Kanban
Programming Languages
1 126 (23.95%) Python
2 123 (23.38%) SQL
3 108 (20.53%) JavaScript
4 90 (17.11%) Java 8
5 35 (6.65%) Shell Script
6 29 (5.51%) C#
7 27 (5.13%) Groovy
8 25 (4.75%) Kotlin
9 24 (4.56%) Scala
10 21 (3.99%) Perl
10 21 (3.99%) PL/SQL
11 19 (3.61%) TypeScript
12 17 (3.23%) Go
13 14 (2.66%) Bash Shell
13 14 (2.66%) C++
14 12 (2.28%) Ruby
15 8 (1.52%) PHP
16 7 (1.33%) Clojure
17 4 (0.76%) C
17 4 (0.76%) XQuery
Qualifications
1 41 (7.79%) Degree
1 41 (7.79%) Security Cleared
2 31 (5.89%) SC Cleared
3 13 (2.47%) Computer Science Degree
4 5 (0.95%) ISTQB
5 3 (0.57%) BPSS Clearance
6 2 (0.38%) BC Cleared
6 2 (0.38%) CISSP
6 2 (0.38%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
7 1 (0.19%) ISEB
7 1 (0.19%) Master's Degree
7 1 (0.19%) Numerate Degree
7 1 (0.19%) TOGAF Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 12 (2.28%) QA
2 8 (1.52%) PSD2
3 2 (0.38%) Disclosure Scotland
4 1 (0.19%) COBIT
4 1 (0.19%) Data Quality
4 1 (0.19%) GDPR
4 1 (0.19%) HMG Security Policy Framework
4 1 (0.19%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 1 (0.19%) PCI DSS
System Software
1 55 (10.46%) Docker
2 14 (2.66%) HDFS
3 3 (0.57%) VMware ESXi
4 2 (0.38%) Active Directory
5 1 (0.19%) Apache Flume
5 1 (0.19%) Virtual Machines
5 1 (0.19%) VMware Infrastructure
5 1 (0.19%) XenDesktop
Systems Management
1 45 (8.56%) Kubernetes
2 30 (5.70%) Puppet
3 27 (5.13%) Ansible
4 23 (4.37%) Terraform
5 7 (1.33%) Hadoop YARN
5 7 (1.33%) Opscode Chef
6 5 (0.95%) Oozie
6 5 (0.95%) PingFederate
7 3 (0.57%) Consul
7 3 (0.57%) ZABBIX
8 2 (0.38%) CA Single Sign-On
8 2 (0.38%) Nagios
8 2 (0.38%) Single Sign-On
9 1 (0.19%) Ambari
9 1 (0.19%) Grafana
9 1 (0.19%) HP Fortify
9 1 (0.19%) Kibana
9 1 (0.19%) Mesos
9 1 (0.19%) Salt
9 1 (0.19%) Tivoli
Vendors
1 64 (12.17%) Oracle
2 33 (6.27%) Google
3 25 (4.75%) IBM
4 21 (3.99%) Microsoft
5 11 (2.09%) Adobe
6 9 (1.71%) Tableau
7 8 (1.52%) Atlassian
7 8 (1.52%) Red Hat
8 7 (1.33%) Samsung
9 5 (0.95%) Salesforce.com
9 5 (0.95%) Talend
9 5 (0.95%) VMware
10 4 (0.76%) Sybase
11 3 (0.57%) CA
11 3 (0.57%) Citrix
11 3 (0.57%) Cloudera
11 3 (0.57%) F5
11 3 (0.57%) Pega
11 3 (0.57%) Splunk
11 3 (0.57%) Teradata