Period
to 16 July 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in Scotland with a requirement for Java skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Java over the 6 months to 16 July 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Java
UK > Scotland
6 months to
16 Jul 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 6 6 10
Rank change year-on-year 0 +4 +3
Contract jobs citing Java 793 607 662
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in Scotland 14.14% 14.57% 11.93%
As % of the Programming Languages category 34.75% 33.76% 34.62%
Number of daily rates quoted 482 368 358
Scotland median daily rate £425 £375 £375
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +13.33% - -5.66%
10th Percentile £338 £263 £260
90th Percentile £575 £500 £500
UK median daily rate £500 £475 £450
% change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 6 6 7
Scotland median hourly rate £15.00 £43.39 £36.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -65.43% +20.53% -10.85%
10th Percentile £12.75 £27.88 £34.65
90th Percentile £48.75 £47.78 £40.50
UK median hourly rate £42.50 £41.00 £37.50
% change year-on-year +3.66% +9.33% -6.25%

Java is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in Scotland with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
Scotland
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 2,282 1,798 1,912
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in Scotland 40.68% 43.15% 34.45%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,390 1,070 1,074
Scotland median daily rate £400 £375 £352
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +6.67% +6.69% -6.27%
10th Percentile £285 £263 £260
90th Percentile £538 £500 £475
UK median daily rate £460 £440 £423
% change year-on-year +4.55% +4.02% +5.75%
Number of hourly rates quoted 26 25 32
Scotland median hourly rate £17.40 £40.00 £39.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -56.50% +1.27% +27.42%
10th Percentile £13.44 £14.37 £32.18
90th Percentile £45.69 £195.00 £44.43
UK median hourly rate £41.00 £41.00 £37.50
% change year-on-year - +9.33% +7.14%

Java
Job Vacancy Trend in Scotland

Job postings citing Java as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in Scotland.

Job vacancy trend for Java in Scotland

Java
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in Scotland

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Java in Scotland.

Contractor daily rate trend for Java in Scotland

Java
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in Scotland

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Java in Scotland over the 6 months to 16 July 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Java in Scotland

Java
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in Scotland

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Java in Scotland.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Java in Scotland

Java
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in Scotland

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Java in Scotland over the 6 months to 16 July 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Java in Scotland

Java
Contract Job Locations in Scotland

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Java within the Scotland region over the 6 months to 16 July 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Edinburgh 0 424 £425 +13.33% 81
Glasgow 0 326 £413 +6.45% 57
Fife +5 7 £106 -62.65% 2
Dundee -5 7 £210 -6.67% 3
West Lothian -10 6 £331 -20.18% 2
Renfrewshire - 2 £355 - 6
Moray +8 1 £470 +50.40%
Argyll and Bute - 1 £388 -
Falkirk - 1 £475 -
Java
UK

For the 6 months to 16 July 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Java also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the Scotland region with a requirement for Java.

1 402 (50.69%) Agile Software Development
2 276 (34.80%) Spring
3 190 (23.96%) JavaScript
4 182 (22.95%) SQL
5 179 (22.57%) Finance
6 159 (20.05%) Oracle
7 156 (19.67%) Hibernate
8 150 (18.92%) Python
8 150 (18.92%) Microservices
9 141 (17.78%) OO
10 139 (17.53%) TDD
11 134 (16.90%) Scrum
12 128 (16.14%) Test Automation
13 124 (15.64%) Continuous Integration
14 113 (14.25%) Jenkins
15 111 (14.00%) HTML
16 106 (13.37%) SOA
17 105 (13.24%) Linux
17 105 (13.24%) REST
18 102 (12.86%) Web Services
19 99 (12.48%) SOAP
20 95 (11.98%) AngularJS
21 89 (11.22%) Git (software)
21 89 (11.22%) Maven
21 89 (11.22%) Banking
22 85 (10.72%) Java 8
23 84 (10.59%) Relational Database
23 84 (10.59%) CSS
24 77 (9.71%) RESTful
25 76 (9.58%) JIRA

Java
Co-occurring IT Skills in Scotland by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 73 (9.21%) JBoss
2 43 (5.42%) Confluence
3 39 (4.92%) Tomcat
4 32 (4.04%) WebSphere
5 29 (3.66%) Apache
6 28 (3.53%) Oracle SOA Suite
7 22 (2.77%) Apache Spark
8 21 (2.65%) Cloud Foundry
9 19 (2.40%) Jetty
10 17 (2.14%) WebLogic
11 9 (1.13%) CMS
12 8 (1.01%) GeoServer
12 8 (1.01%) nginx
13 7 (0.88%) WebSphere Portal
14 5 (0.63%) SAS
15 4 (0.50%) WebSphere Application Server
16 3 (0.38%) Alfresco
16 3 (0.38%) Elasticsearch
16 3 (0.38%) GlassFish
16 3 (0.38%) WildFly
Applications
1 8 (1.01%) Microsoft Office
2 5 (0.63%) MS Visio
3 4 (0.50%) Microsoft Excel
3 4 (0.50%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 2 (0.25%) Mingle
5 1 (0.13%) 3ds Max
5 1 (0.13%) Adobe Illustrator
5 1 (0.13%) Chatbot
5 1 (0.13%) Maya
5 1 (0.13%) Photoshop
Business Applications
1 5 (0.63%) AquaLogic BPM
1 5 (0.63%) Oracle BPM
2 4 (0.50%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
3 3 (0.38%) Endur
4 1 (0.13%) Dynamics CRM
4 1 (0.13%) Oracle Payables
4 1 (0.13%) SunGard GMI
Cloud Services
1 64 (8.07%) Amazon AWS
2 20 (2.52%) PaaS
3 18 (2.27%) Microsoft Azure
4 13 (1.64%) npm
5 10 (1.26%) GitHub
5 10 (1.26%) IaaS
6 9 (1.13%) OpenShift
7 5 (0.63%) AWS CloudFormation
7 5 (0.63%) Yarn
8 4 (0.50%) Amazon S3
8 4 (0.50%) Cloud Computing
8 4 (0.50%) Heroku
9 2 (0.25%) Amazon EC2
9 2 (0.25%) Amazon SQS
9 2 (0.25%) iTunes
10 1 (0.13%) Amazon Glacier
10 1 (0.13%) Google Cloud Platform
10 1 (0.13%) IBM Cloud
10 1 (0.13%) SaaS
10 1 (0.13%) Serverless
Communications & Networking
1 26 (3.28%) HTTP
2 9 (1.13%) DSL
3 8 (1.01%) TCP/IP
4 7 (0.88%) AMQP
5 5 (0.63%) Reverse Proxy
5 5 (0.63%) SSL
6 4 (0.50%) DNS
6 4 (0.50%) Firewall
6 4 (0.50%) Internet
7 2 (0.25%) HTTPS
7 2 (0.25%) SMS
8 1 (0.13%) OpenVPN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 84 (10.59%) Relational Database
2 70 (8.83%) NoSQL
3 63 (7.94%) MongoDB
4 60 (7.57%) Oracle Database
5 55 (6.94%) Hadoop
6 42 (5.30%) SQL Server
7 32 (4.04%) MySQL
8 30 (3.78%) RDBMS
9 28 (3.53%) Oracle Database 12c
10 27 (3.40%) Big Data
11 22 (2.77%) PostgreSQL
12 21 (2.65%) DB2
13 20 (2.52%) Redis
14 18 (2.27%) Apache Cassandra
15 15 (1.89%) Riak
16 13 (1.64%) Couchbase
16 13 (1.64%) GIS
17 9 (1.13%) Oracle Database 11g
18 8 (1.01%) Apache Hive
19 7 (0.88%) Impala
Development Applications
1 113 (14.25%) Jenkins
2 89 (11.22%) Git (software)
2 89 (11.22%) Maven
3 76 (9.58%) JIRA
4 67 (8.45%) Selenium
5 56 (7.06%) JUnit
6 54 (6.81%) Cucumber
7 39 (4.92%) Eclipse
8 35 (4.41%) Gradle
9 27 (3.40%) Oracle Forms
10 22 (2.77%) Subversion
11 18 (2.27%) Mockito
12 17 (2.14%) Bitbucket
13 16 (2.02%) TeamCity
14 14 (1.77%) Zephyr
15 12 (1.51%) Vagrant
16 10 (1.26%) FitNesse
17 9 (1.13%) Appium
17 9 (1.13%) Hudson
17 9 (1.13%) IBM UrbanCode
General
1 179 (22.57%) Finance
2 89 (11.22%) Banking
3 17 (2.14%) Retail
4 15 (1.89%) Games
5 14 (1.77%) Investment Banking
6 11 (1.39%) Financial Institution
6 11 (1.39%) Front Office
7 9 (1.13%) Law
8 7 (0.88%) Advertising
9 5 (0.63%) Publishing
10 3 (0.38%) Retail Banking
10 3 (0.38%) Telecoms
11 2 (0.25%) Private Banking
12 1 (0.13%) Back Office
12 1 (0.13%) General Ledger
12 1 (0.13%) Manufacturing
12 1 (0.13%) Military
12 1 (0.13%) Prime Brokerage
Job Titles
1 452 (57.00%) Developer
2 299 (37.70%) Java Developer
3 106 (13.37%) Architect
4 75 (9.46%) Senior Developer
5 60 (7.57%) Solutions Architect
6 53 (6.68%) Senior Java Developer
7 47 (5.93%) Full Stack Developer
8 37 (4.67%) Analyst
9 35 (4.41%) Designer
10 34 (4.29%) Python Developer
11 33 (4.16%) Technical Architect
12 25 (3.15%) Tester
13 24 (3.03%) Senior Architect
14 23 (2.90%) JavaScript Developer
14 23 (2.90%) Software Engineer
15 22 (2.77%) Lead Developer
16 21 (2.65%) Solutions Designer
17 20 (2.52%) Automation Tester
17 20 (2.52%) Software Developer
17 20 (2.52%) Test Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 276 (34.80%) Spring
2 156 (19.67%) Hibernate
3 111 (14.00%) HTML
4 105 (13.24%) REST
5 102 (12.86%) Web Services
6 99 (12.48%) SOAP
7 95 (11.98%) AngularJS
8 84 (10.59%) CSS
9 77 (9.71%) RESTful
10 75 (9.46%) J2EE
11 68 (8.58%) XML
12 66 (8.32%) React
13 61 (7.69%) JPA
14 59 (7.44%) Spring Boot
15 56 (7.06%) HTML5
15 56 (7.06%) JSON
15 56 (7.06%) Node.js
16 48 (6.05%) Kafka
17 45 (5.67%) .NET
18 42 (5.30%) Java EE
Miscellaneous
1 61 (7.69%) Analytical Skills
2 45 (5.67%) Enterprise Software
3 39 (4.92%) Computer Science
4 38 (4.79%) User Experience
5 27 (3.40%) Mobile App
6 19 (2.40%) Derivative
6 19 (2.40%) Greenfield Project
7 17 (2.14%) Fintech
8 16 (2.02%) Self-Motivation
9 12 (1.51%) Data Centre
9 12 (1.51%) iPad
10 11 (1.39%) DataPower
11 9 (1.13%) OTC Derivatives
12 8 (1.01%) Cloud Native
13 7 (0.88%) Algorithms
13 7 (0.88%) Virtual Team
14 6 (0.76%) Wiki
15 5 (0.63%) Equities
15 5 (0.63%) Reference Data
16 4 (0.50%) IVR
Operating Systems
1 105 (13.24%) Linux
2 66 (8.32%) Unix
3 27 (3.40%) Apple iOS
4 24 (3.03%) Android
4 24 (3.03%) Windows
5 7 (0.88%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 6 (0.76%) Mac OS X
7 4 (0.50%) AIX
8 3 (0.38%) Solaris
9 2 (0.25%) Kali Linux
10 1 (0.13%) CentOS
10 1 (0.13%) Windows 10
10 1 (0.13%) Windows 7
10 1 (0.13%) zOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 402 (50.69%) Agile Software Development
2 150 (18.92%) Microservices
3 141 (17.78%) OO
4 139 (17.53%) TDD
5 134 (16.90%) Scrum
6 128 (16.14%) Test Automation
7 124 (15.64%) Continuous Integration
8 106 (13.37%) SOA
9 67 (8.45%) DevOps
10 66 (8.32%) Problem-Solving
10 66 (8.32%) Software Engineering
11 65 (8.20%) BDD
12 64 (8.07%) SDLC
13 56 (7.06%) Kanban
14 54 (6.81%) Analytics
15 48 (6.05%) Mentoring
16 44 (5.55%) Stakeholder Management
16 44 (5.55%) Web Development
17 41 (5.17%) UML
18 39 (4.92%) Data Modelling
Programming Languages
1 190 (23.96%) JavaScript
2 182 (22.95%) SQL
3 150 (18.92%) Python
4 85 (10.72%) Java 8
5 46 (5.80%) C#
6 45 (5.67%) C++
7 40 (5.04%) PL/SQL
8 37 (4.67%) Scala
9 26 (3.28%) Perl
10 22 (2.77%) Shell Script
11 19 (2.40%) PHP
12 16 (2.02%) Ruby
13 11 (1.39%) Bash Shell
13 11 (1.39%) Groovy
14 9 (1.13%) R
15 8 (1.01%) ES6
15 8 (1.01%) XPath
16 7 (0.88%) Kotlin
17 6 (0.76%) C
17 6 (0.76%) Objective-C
Qualifications
1 58 (7.31%) Degree
2 16 (2.02%) Computer Science Degree
3 12 (1.51%) ISTQB
4 9 (1.13%) ISEB
5 8 (1.01%) Security Cleared
6 7 (0.88%) BPSS Clearance
6 7 (0.88%) TOGAF Certification
7 5 (0.63%) SC Cleared
7 5 (0.63%) Sun Certification
8 3 (0.38%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
8 3 (0.38%) MBA
8 3 (0.38%) PhD
9 2 (0.25%) CCNP
9 2 (0.25%) Cisco Certification
9 2 (0.25%) DBS Check
9 2 (0.25%) DV Cleared
9 2 (0.25%) ITIL Certification
9 2 (0.25%) PRINCE2 Certification
10 1 (0.13%) CISSP
10 1 (0.13%) PMP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 42 (5.30%) QA
2 18 (2.27%) Disclosure Scotland
3 9 (1.13%) Data Quality
4 3 (0.38%) PSD2
4 3 (0.38%) SLA
5 2 (0.25%) PMO
6 1 (0.13%) GDPR
6 1 (0.13%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 1 (0.13%) PCI DSS
System Software
1 71 (8.95%) Docker
2 10 (1.26%) Virtual Machines
3 5 (0.63%) GeoWebCache
4 3 (0.38%) VMware Infrastructure
5 2 (0.25%) Apache Flume
5 2 (0.25%) OpenAM
6 1 (0.13%) Active Directory
6 1 (0.13%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 1 (0.13%) BitLocker
6 1 (0.13%) HDFS
6 1 (0.13%) VMware Workstation
6 1 (0.13%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 42 (5.30%) Puppet
2 41 (5.17%) Ansible
3 29 (3.66%) Opscode Chef
4 22 (2.77%) Kubernetes
5 14 (1.77%) Cobbler
6 9 (1.13%) Terraform
7 8 (1.01%) Single Sign-On
8 7 (0.88%) Kibana
9 6 (0.76%) HP Quality Center
10 4 (0.50%) Oracle Flashback
10 4 (0.50%) TeamSite
11 2 (0.25%) Ambari
11 2 (0.25%) Icinga
11 2 (0.25%) logstash
11 2 (0.25%) Nessus
11 2 (0.25%) NetBackup
11 2 (0.25%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
11 2 (0.25%) PingFederate
11 2 (0.25%) SELinux
12 1 (0.13%) HAProxy
Vendors
1 159 (20.05%) Oracle
2 28 (3.53%) IBM
3 24 (3.03%) Atlassian
4 14 (1.77%) Microsoft
4 14 (1.77%) Perforce
4 14 (1.77%) Red Hat
5 13 (1.64%) Informatica
6 12 (1.51%) Sybase
7 11 (1.39%) Splunk
8 10 (1.26%) TIBCO
9 7 (0.88%) VMware
10 5 (0.63%) Capita
10 5 (0.63%) Talend
10 5 (0.63%) Twitter
11 4 (0.50%) Adobe
11 4 (0.50%) CA
11 4 (0.50%) F5
11 4 (0.50%) Google
11 4 (0.50%) Vermilion
12 3 (0.38%) Cisco