Period
to 18 January 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in Scotland with a requirement for JPA skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited JPA over the 6 months to 18 January 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Java Persistence API (JPA)
UK > Scotland
6 months to
18 Jan 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 183 196 158
Rank change year-on-year +13 -38 +68
Permanent jobs citing JPA 41 36 40
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in Scotland 0.81% 0.65% 0.85%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 1.93% 1.61% 2.25%
Number of salaries quoted 10 10 25
Scotland median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £57,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.26% -17.39% +41.10%
10th Percentile £41,250 £32,250 £40,350
90th Percentile £60,500 £56,375 £62,500
UK median annual salary £52,500 £52,500 £50,000
% change year-on-year - +5.00% +6.38%

JPA is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in Scotland with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
Scotland
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 2,127 2,237 1,779
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in Scotland 41.78% 40.42% 37.92%
Number of salaries quoted 1,435 1,510 1,151
Scotland median annual salary £45,000 £42,500 £40,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.88% +4.94% +1.25%
10th Percentile £31,250 £28,500 £28,700
90th Percentile £65,000 £62,500 £58,750
UK median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £47,500
% change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% +5.56%

JPA
Job Vacancy Trend in Scotland

Job postings citing JPA as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in Scotland.

Job vacancy trend for JPA in Scotland

JPA
Salary Trend in Scotland

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing JPA in Scotland.

Salary trend for JPA in Scotland

JPA
Salary Histogram in Scotland

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing JPA in Scotland over the 6 months to 18 January 2019.

Salary histogram for JPA in Scotland

JPA
Job Locations in Scotland

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing JPA within the Scotland region over the 6 months to 18 January 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Edinburgh +7 23 £42,500 -10.53% 5
Glasgow +2 9 £50,000 - 2
South Lanarkshire - 9 £55,000 -
JPA
UK

For the 6 months to 18 January 2019, IT jobs citing JPA also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the Scotland region with a requirement for JPA.

1 41 (100.00%) Java
2 33 (80.49%) Hibernate
3 31 (75.61%) HTML
4 26 (63.41%) JSP
5 20 (48.78%) Git (software)
6 19 (46.34%) Apache OpenJPA
7 18 (43.90%) Oracle
7 18 (43.90%) XML
8 17 (41.46%) JavaScript
8 17 (41.46%) JSON
9 16 (39.02%) jQuery
9 16 (39.02%) SQL
9 16 (39.02%) CSS
10 15 (36.59%) Servlets
10 15 (36.59%) MySQL
10 15 (36.59%) UML
10 15 (36.59%) Tomcat
10 15 (36.59%) Spring
10 15 (36.59%) Software Engineering
10 15 (36.59%) RESTful
10 15 (36.59%) AngularJS
11 14 (34.15%) JMeter
11 14 (34.15%) JUnit
12 13 (31.71%) EJB
13 12 (29.27%) WebSphere
13 12 (29.27%) WebLogic
13 12 (29.27%) Eclipse
13 12 (29.27%) Struts
13 12 (29.27%) EJB 3.0
13 12 (29.27%) Relational Database

JPA
Co-occurring IT Skills in Scotland by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 15 (36.59%) Tomcat
2 12 (29.27%) WebLogic
2 12 (29.27%) WebSphere
3 11 (26.83%) WebSphere Application Server
3 11 (26.83%) WildFly
4 9 (21.95%) JBoss
5 6 (14.63%) Oracle SOA Suite
Cloud Services
1 10 (24.39%) Amazon AWS
Communications & Networking
1 1 (2.44%) AMQP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 15 (36.59%) MySQL
2 12 (29.27%) Relational Database
3 10 (24.39%) MariaDB
3 10 (24.39%) PostgreSQL
4 3 (7.32%) Oracle Database
4 3 (7.32%) SQL Server
5 1 (2.44%) RDBMS
Development Applications
1 20 (48.78%) Git (software)
2 14 (34.15%) JMeter
2 14 (34.15%) JUnit
3 12 (29.27%) Eclipse
4 11 (26.83%) Android Studio
4 11 (26.83%) Subversion
5 10 (24.39%) Ant
5 10 (24.39%) Gradle
6 9 (21.95%) Maven
7 5 (12.20%) Jenkins
8 3 (7.32%) Hudson
9 2 (4.88%) IntelliJ
Job Titles
1 24 (58.54%) Software Engineer
2 15 (36.59%) Senior Software Engineer
3 14 (34.15%) Java Engineer
3 14 (34.15%) Java Software Engineer
3 14 (34.15%) Senior Java Engineer
3 14 (34.15%) Senior Java Software Engineer
4 13 (31.71%) Developer
5 9 (21.95%) Development Engineer
5 9 (21.95%) Principal Engineer
5 9 (21.95%) Principal Software Engineer
5 9 (21.95%) Software Development Engineer
6 7 (17.07%) Java Developer
7 4 (9.76%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
7 4 (9.76%) Software Developer
8 3 (7.32%) Senior Developer
8 3 (7.32%) Senior Java Developer
9 2 (4.88%) Architect
9 2 (4.88%) Graduate
9 2 (4.88%) Graduate Developer
9 2 (4.88%) Technical Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 33 (80.49%) Hibernate
2 31 (75.61%) HTML
3 26 (63.41%) JSP
4 19 (46.34%) Apache OpenJPA
5 18 (43.90%) XML
6 17 (41.46%) JSON
7 16 (39.02%) CSS
7 16 (39.02%) jQuery
8 15 (36.59%) AngularJS
8 15 (36.59%) RESTful
8 15 (36.59%) Servlets
8 15 (36.59%) Spring
9 13 (31.71%) EJB
10 12 (29.27%) EJB 3.0
10 12 (29.27%) Struts
11 11 (26.83%) Struts2
12 10 (24.39%) Spring Boot
13 6 (14.63%) CGI
13 6 (14.63%) REST
13 6 (14.63%) Web Services
Miscellaneous
1 12 (29.27%) Analytical Skills
2 9 (21.95%) Management Information System
3 4 (9.76%) Greenfield Project
4 1 (2.44%) Analytical Mindset
4 1 (2.44%) Enterprise Software
Operating Systems
1 11 (26.83%) Android
1 11 (26.83%) Apple iOS
2 3 (7.32%) Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 15 (36.59%) Software Engineering
1 15 (36.59%) UML
2 12 (29.27%) Problem-Solving
3 11 (26.83%) Android Development
3 11 (26.83%) iOS Development
3 11 (26.83%) Unified Process
4 10 (24.39%) Microservices
5 9 (21.95%) Configuration Management
5 9 (21.95%) IT Strategy
6 7 (17.07%) OOA/OOD
7 6 (14.63%) SOA
8 5 (12.20%) TDD
9 4 (9.76%) Data Modelling
9 4 (9.76%) Front End Development
9 4 (9.76%) Mentoring
9 4 (9.76%) OO
9 4 (9.76%) Physical Data Model
9 4 (9.76%) SOLID
9 4 (9.76%) Use Case
9 4 (9.76%) Wireframes
Programming Languages
1 41 (100.00%) Java
2 17 (41.46%) JavaScript
3 16 (39.02%) SQL
4 9 (21.95%) Java 8
5 4 (9.76%) TypeScript
Qualifications
1 3 (7.32%) Degree
2 2 (4.88%) Computer Science Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 2 (4.88%) QA
System Software
1 11 (26.83%) Docker
Systems Management
1 1 (2.44%) Kubernetes
Vendors
1 18 (43.90%) Oracle
2 6 (14.63%) Red Hat