Period
to 17 October 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in Scotland with a requirement for JPA skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited JPA over the 6 months to 17 October 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Java Persistence API (JPA)
UK > Scotland
6 months to
17 Oct 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 177 207 209
Rank change year-on-year +30 +2 +4
Permanent jobs citing JPA 36 24 24
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in Scotland 0.74% 0.45% 0.43%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 1.73% 1.11% 1.13%
Number of salaries quoted 12 4 5
Scotland median annual salary £43,250 £50,000 £45,000
Median salary % change year-on-year -13.50% +11.11% +3.45%
10th Percentile £37,625 £44,000 £28,650
90th Percentile £56,750 £61,250 £53,750
UK median annual salary £55,000 £55,000 £50,000
% change year-on-year - +10.00% -

JPA is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in Scotland with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
Scotland
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 2,078 2,162 2,128
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in Scotland 42.85% 40.16% 38.46%
Number of salaries quoted 1,272 1,453 1,369
Scotland median annual salary £45,000 £45,000 £42,000
Median salary % change year-on-year - +7.14% +3.70%
10th Percentile £30,050 £30,000 £28,700
90th Percentile £65,000 £65,000 £64,000
UK median annual salary £55,000 £50,886 £50,000
% change year-on-year +8.08% +1.77% +5.26%

JPA
Job Vacancy Trend in Scotland

Job postings citing JPA as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in Scotland.

Job vacancy trend for JPA in Scotland

JPA
Salary Trend in Scotland

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing JPA in Scotland.

Salary trend for JPA in Scotland

JPA
Salary Histogram in Scotland

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing JPA in Scotland over the 6 months to 17 October 2019.

Salary histogram for JPA in Scotland

JPA
Job Locations in Scotland

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing JPA within the Scotland region over the 6 months to 17 October 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Edinburgh +20 31 £42,500 -5.56% 3
Aberdeen - 3 - -
Glasgow +16 2 £47,500 -5.00% 3
JPA
UK

For the 6 months to 17 October 2019, IT jobs citing JPA also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the Scotland region with a requirement for JPA.

1 36 (100.00%) Java
2 29 (80.56%) JavaScript
3 27 (75.00%) HTML
4 25 (69.44%) Hibernate
5 23 (63.89%) MySQL
5 23 (63.89%) JUnit
6 22 (61.11%) JSP
6 22 (61.11%) jQuery
7 20 (55.56%) Tomcat
7 20 (55.56%) Software Engineering
8 17 (47.22%) JSON
9 15 (41.67%) Apache OpenJPA
9 15 (41.67%) RESTful
9 15 (41.67%) JMeter
9 15 (41.67%) XML
9 15 (41.67%) Servlets
10 14 (38.89%) Spring
11 13 (36.11%) SQL
12 12 (33.33%) CSS
13 11 (30.56%) Java 8
14 10 (27.78%) Git (software)
15 9 (25.00%) Degree
15 9 (25.00%) REST
15 9 (25.00%) Maven
16 8 (22.22%) Computer Science
16 8 (22.22%) PostgreSQL
16 8 (22.22%) SDLC
16 8 (22.22%) Computer Science Degree
17 7 (19.44%) Test Automation
17 7 (19.44%) OO

JPA
Co-occurring IT Skills in Scotland by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 20 (55.56%) Tomcat
2 3 (8.33%) Apache
2 3 (8.33%) Confluence
2 3 (8.33%) GlassFish
2 3 (8.33%) JBoss
Cloud Services
1 3 (8.33%) Azure
1 3 (8.33%) GCP
2 2 (5.56%) AWS
2 2 (5.56%) AWS CloudFormation
Communications & Networking
1 4 (11.11%) Internet
2 2 (5.56%) TCP/IP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 23 (63.89%) MySQL
2 8 (22.22%) PostgreSQL
3 5 (13.89%) MariaDB
4 4 (11.11%) Relational Database
5 3 (8.33%) SQL Server
Development Applications
1 23 (63.89%) JUnit
2 15 (41.67%) JMeter
3 10 (27.78%) Git (software)
4 9 (25.00%) Maven
5 6 (16.67%) Mockito
6 5 (13.89%) Jasmine
6 5 (13.89%) Karma Test Runner
7 4 (11.11%) Gradle
7 4 (11.11%) SoapUI
7 4 (11.11%) Subversion
8 3 (8.33%) Cucumber
8 3 (8.33%) git-flow
8 3 (8.33%) GitLab
8 3 (8.33%) Jenkins
8 3 (8.33%) JIRA
8 3 (8.33%) NetBeans
9 2 (5.56%) Bitbucket
9 2 (5.56%) Protractor
General
1 3 (8.33%) Manufacturing
1 3 (8.33%) Public Sector
Job Titles
1 18 (50.00%) Developer
1 18 (50.00%) Software Engineer
2 17 (47.22%) Java Engineer
2 17 (47.22%) Java Software Engineer
3 15 (41.67%) Senior Java Engineer
3 15 (41.67%) Senior Java Software Engineer
3 15 (41.67%) Senior Software Engineer
4 14 (38.89%) Java Developer
5 4 (11.11%) Applications Developer
5 4 (11.11%) Lead Developer
6 3 (8.33%) Full Stack Developer
6 3 (8.33%) MySQL Developer
7 2 (5.56%) HTML CSS Developer
7 2 (5.56%) HTML Developer
7 2 (5.56%) Java Applications Developer
7 2 (5.56%) JavaScript Developer
7 2 (5.56%) Lead Java Developer
7 2 (5.56%) Python Developer
7 2 (5.56%) Senior Developer
7 2 (5.56%) Senior Python Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 27 (75.00%) HTML
2 25 (69.44%) Hibernate
3 22 (61.11%) jQuery
3 22 (61.11%) JSP
4 17 (47.22%) JSON
5 15 (41.67%) Apache OpenJPA
5 15 (41.67%) RESTful
5 15 (41.67%) Servlets
5 15 (41.67%) XML
6 14 (38.89%) Spring
7 12 (33.33%) CSS
8 9 (25.00%) REST
9 7 (19.44%) Spring Boot
10 5 (13.89%) AngularJS
11 4 (11.11%) CSS3
11 4 (11.11%) HTML5
11 4 (11.11%) SOAP
11 4 (11.11%) Spring MVC
11 4 (11.11%) Swagger
11 4 (11.11%) Web Services
Miscellaneous
1 5 (13.89%) Enterprise Software
2 3 (8.33%) Life Science
2 3 (8.33%) Linux Command Line
3 2 (5.56%) Smart Energy
Operating Systems
1 3 (8.33%) Unix
2 2 (5.56%) Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 20 (55.56%) Software Engineering
2 8 (22.22%) Computer Science
2 8 (22.22%) SDLC
3 7 (19.44%) OO
3 7 (19.44%) OOD
3 7 (19.44%) Test Automation
4 6 (16.67%) Agile Software Development
5 5 (13.89%) Migration
6 4 (11.11%) MVC
6 4 (11.11%) OWASP
6 4 (11.11%) Unit Testing
7 3 (8.33%) API Development
7 3 (8.33%) Architectural Design
7 3 (8.33%) Compliance Management
7 3 (8.33%) Continuous Integration
7 3 (8.33%) Infrastructure Transformation
7 3 (8.33%) Process Management
7 3 (8.33%) Refactoring
7 3 (8.33%) Risk and Compliance Management
7 3 (8.33%) Scrum
Programming Languages
1 36 (100.00%) Java
2 29 (80.56%) JavaScript
3 13 (36.11%) SQL
4 11 (30.56%) Java 8
5 5 (13.89%) TypeScript
6 4 (11.11%) Python
6 4 (11.11%) T-SQL
7 3 (8.33%) C#
7 3 (8.33%) Groovy
8 2 (5.56%) Scala
Qualifications
1 9 (25.00%) Degree
2 8 (22.22%) Computer Science Degree
3 3 (8.33%) Security Cleared
System Software
1 2 (5.56%) Docker
Systems Management
1 2 (5.56%) Istio
Vendors
1 3 (8.33%) Google
1 3 (8.33%) Oracle
1 3 (8.33%) Red Hat
2 2 (5.56%) Cypress Semiconductor