Period
to 19 August 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in Scotland with a requirement for SQL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited SQL over the 6 months to 19 August 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

SQL (Structured Query Language)
UK > Scotland
6 months to
19 Aug 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 5 5 6
Rank change year-on-year 0 +1 -1
Contract jobs citing SQL 817 679 753
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in Scotland 14.91% 15.59% 14.32%
As % of the Programming Languages category 36.15% 36.68% 39.86%
Number of daily rates quoted 496 360 472
Scotland median daily rate £377 £388 £350
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -2.84% +10.71% -
10th Percentile £257 £281 £258
90th Percentile £538 £530 £475
UK median daily rate £445 £425 £400
% change year-on-year +4.71% +6.25% +6.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 17 16 21
Scotland median hourly rate £16.76 £43.39 £36.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -61.37% +20.53% +18.03%
10th Percentile £10.75 £15.81 £14.25
90th Percentile £35.00 £195.00 £43.75
UK median hourly rate £24.08 £35.00 £29.00
% change year-on-year -31.20% +20.69% +19.69%

SQL is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in Scotland with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
Scotland
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 2,260 1,851 1,889
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in Scotland 41.26% 42.49% 35.91%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,350 1,101 1,078
Scotland median daily rate £400 £375 £350
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +6.67% +7.14% -2.78%
10th Percentile £280 £280 £263
90th Percentile £538 £513 £475
UK median daily rate £463 £450 £425
% change year-on-year +2.78% +5.88% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 23 26 39
Scotland median hourly rate £17.50 £36.25 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -51.72% -9.38% +23.36%
10th Percentile £11.15 £14.56 £14.73
90th Percentile £43.00 £195.00 £46.30
UK median hourly rate £41.50 £40.00 £37.50
% change year-on-year +3.75% +6.67% +7.14%

SQL
Job Vacancy Trend in Scotland

Job postings citing SQL as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in Scotland.

Job vacancy trend for SQL in Scotland

SQL
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in Scotland

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing SQL in Scotland.

Contractor daily rate trend for SQL in Scotland

SQL
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in Scotland

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing SQL in Scotland over the 6 months to 19 August 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for SQL in Scotland

SQL
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in Scotland

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing SQL in Scotland.

Contractor hourly rate trend for SQL in Scotland

SQL
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in Scotland

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing SQL in Scotland over the 6 months to 19 August 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for SQL in Scotland

SQL
Contract Job Locations in Scotland

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing SQL within the Scotland region over the 6 months to 19 August 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Edinburgh -2 347 £400 +3.23% 72
Glasgow 0 313 £416 +11.00% 80
Renfrewshire -7 75 £280 -30.86% 4
West Lothian +17 24 £260 -21.21% 10
Stirling -1 12 £450 -5.26% 1
Aberdeen +15 8 £365 +7.35% 4
Fife -4 5 £106 -67.54% 2
Midlothian - 5 - - 3
North Lanarkshire -5 4 - -
Dundee -9 4 £310 -22.50% 1
Highlands +4 1 - - 1
South Lanarkshire -5 1 £163 -37.50%
East Lothian - 1 - -
SQL
UK

For the 6 months to 19 August 2018, IT contractor jobs citing SQL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the Scotland region with a requirement for SQL.

1 307 (37.58%) Agile Software Development
2 244 (29.87%) Finance
3 234 (28.64%) Oracle
4 211 (25.83%) SQL Server
5 190 (23.26%) Microsoft
6 185 (22.64%) Java
7 154 (18.85%) C#
8 150 (18.36%) .NET
9 134 (16.40%) Windows
10 125 (15.30%) JavaScript
11 117 (14.32%) Relational Database
12 109 (13.34%) Test Automation
13 99 (12.12%) Unix
13 99 (12.12%) Linux
14 97 (11.87%) HTML
15 95 (11.63%) PL/SQL
15 95 (11.63%) Python
16 90 (11.02%) AngularJS
17 89 (10.89%) T-SQL
18 87 (10.65%) Active Directory
19 86 (10.53%) ETL
20 84 (10.28%) Banking
20 84 (10.28%) Analytical Skills
21 83 (10.16%) Security Cleared
21 83 (10.16%) CSS
22 80 (9.79%) Citrix
23 78 (9.55%) Microsoft Azure
23 78 (9.55%) REST
24 76 (9.30%) VMware
25 75 (9.18%) Scrum

SQL
Co-occurring IT Skills in Scotland by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 38 (4.65%) SAS
2 25 (3.06%) Apache
3 23 (2.82%) SharePoint
4 17 (2.08%) Tomcat
5 14 (1.71%) WebSphere
6 12 (1.47%) Apache Spark
6 12 (1.47%) Confluence
6 12 (1.47%) JBoss
7 10 (1.22%) MS Exchange
8 9 (1.10%) SharePoint 2013
9 6 (0.73%) Apache Pig
9 6 (0.73%) PowerExchange
10 4 (0.49%) CICS
10 4 (0.49%) Oracle Workflow
11 3 (0.37%) GlassFish
11 3 (0.37%) IIS
11 3 (0.37%) MQSeries
11 3 (0.37%) Mule
11 3 (0.37%) Oracle SOA Suite
11 3 (0.37%) Skype for Business
Applications
1 44 (5.39%) Microsoft Excel
2 25 (3.06%) Microsoft Office
3 13 (1.59%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 4 (0.49%) MS Visio
4 4 (0.49%) Spreadsheet
5 3 (0.37%) Chatbot
6 2 (0.24%) SPSS
7 1 (0.12%) 3ds Max
7 1 (0.12%) Adobe Illustrator
7 1 (0.12%) Maya
7 1 (0.12%) Photoshop
Business Applications
1 29 (3.55%) Dynamics CRM
2 9 (1.10%) Sonata
3 8 (0.98%) Markit EDM
4 6 (0.73%) Oracle EBS
5 3 (0.37%) Oracle EBS R12
6 2 (0.24%) Actimize
6 2 (0.24%) Dynamics AX
6 2 (0.24%) Oracle Applications
6 2 (0.24%) Payment Gateway
6 2 (0.24%) Sage 200
7 1 (0.12%) Dynamics NAV
7 1 (0.12%) Oracle 11i
7 1 (0.12%) Oracle Assets
7 1 (0.12%) Oracle BPM
7 1 (0.12%) Oracle General Ledger
7 1 (0.12%) Oracle Payables
7 1 (0.12%) Oracle Receivables
7 1 (0.12%) Sage 300 ERP
7 1 (0.12%) SunGard GMI
7 1 (0.12%) thinkFolio
Cloud Services
1 78 (9.55%) Microsoft Azure
2 72 (8.81%) Office 365
3 33 (4.04%) Amazon AWS
4 15 (1.84%) Dynamics 365
5 12 (1.47%) GitHub
5 12 (1.47%) PaaS
6 11 (1.35%) Azure Data Factory
7 8 (0.98%) Amazon EC2
7 8 (0.98%) Amazon S3
8 7 (0.86%) Google Cloud Platform
9 6 (0.73%) npm
10 5 (0.61%) Cloud Computing
11 4 (0.49%) OpenShift
11 4 (0.49%) SaaS
12 3 (0.37%) Amazon ElastiCache
12 3 (0.37%) Amazon EMR
12 3 (0.37%) AWS CloudFormation
12 3 (0.37%) Google Analytics
12 3 (0.37%) Yarn
13 2 (0.24%) IaaS
Communications & Networking
1 75 (9.18%) DNS
2 70 (8.57%) DHCP
3 11 (1.35%) Firewall
4 9 (1.10%) SAN
5 7 (0.86%) TCP/IP
6 6 (0.73%) Remote Desktop
6 6 (0.73%) VSAN
7 5 (0.61%) FTP
8 4 (0.49%) NAS
8 4 (0.49%) SSL
8 4 (0.49%) VPN
8 4 (0.49%) WEP
9 3 (0.37%) AMQP
9 3 (0.37%) HTTP
9 3 (0.37%) Internet
9 3 (0.37%) Kerberos
9 3 (0.37%) SSH
9 3 (0.37%) VLAN
9 3 (0.37%) Wireless
10 2 (0.24%) HTTPS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 211 (25.83%) SQL Server
2 117 (14.32%) Relational Database
3 74 (9.06%) Oracle Database
4 63 (7.71%) NoSQL
5 54 (6.61%) Data Warehouse
6 53 (6.49%) MongoDB
7 49 (6.00%) Hadoop
8 42 (5.14%) RDBMS
9 41 (5.02%) Oracle Database 12c
10 39 (4.77%) SQL Server Integration Services
11 37 (4.53%) Azure SQL Database
12 35 (4.28%) DB2
13 34 (4.16%) Big Data
14 30 (3.67%) MySQL
14 30 (3.67%) SQL Server Reporting Services
15 23 (2.82%) Power BI
16 18 (2.20%) BusinessObjects
17 17 (2.08%) Data Lake
17 17 (2.08%) MS Access
18 16 (1.96%) PostgreSQL
Development Applications
1 70 (8.57%) Jenkins
2 66 (8.08%) Git (software)
3 47 (5.75%) HP UFT
4 45 (5.51%) JIRA
4 45 (5.51%) WinRunner
5 42 (5.14%) Oracle Forms
6 41 (5.02%) Selenium
7 35 (4.28%) Maven
8 34 (4.16%) Team Foundation Server
9 28 (3.43%) NUnit
10 26 (3.18%) Visual Studio
11 18 (2.20%) MSTest
12 16 (1.96%) MSI
13 14 (1.71%) Cucumber
14 12 (1.47%) Bitbucket
15 11 (1.35%) Gradle
15 11 (1.35%) JUnit
15 11 (1.35%) TeamCity
15 11 (1.35%) WebDriver
16 10 (1.22%) FitNesse
General
1 244 (29.87%) Finance
2 84 (10.28%) Banking
3 13 (1.59%) Investment Banking
3 13 (1.59%) Legal
4 10 (1.22%) Telecoms
5 9 (1.10%) Billing
5 9 (1.10%) Retail
6 8 (0.98%) Advertising
6 8 (0.98%) Manufacturing
7 7 (0.86%) Financial Institution
7 7 (0.86%) Marketing
7 7 (0.86%) Retail Banking
8 3 (0.37%) Front Office
8 3 (0.37%) Pharmaceutical
9 2 (0.24%) Electronics
9 2 (0.24%) General Ledger
9 2 (0.24%) Law
9 2 (0.24%) Private Banking
10 1 (0.12%) Corporate Banking
10 1 (0.12%) Military
Job Titles
1 353 (43.21%) Developer
2 174 (21.30%) Analyst
3 63 (7.71%) Test Analyst
4 52 (6.36%) Java Developer
5 51 (6.24%) .NET Developer
6 50 (6.12%) SQL Developer
7 43 (5.26%) Data Analyst
8 40 (4.90%) Architect
9 35 (4.28%) Software Developer
10 34 (4.16%) Full Stack Developer
11 33 (4.04%) Python Developer
12 32 (3.92%) Applications Support
12 32 (3.92%) Tester
13 31 (3.79%) C# Developer
14 30 (3.67%) Oracle Developer
15 29 (3.55%) Senior Developer
16 25 (3.06%) DBA
17 22 (2.69%) Consultant
18 21 (2.57%) Solutions Architect
18 21 (2.57%) SQL Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 150 (18.36%) .NET
2 97 (11.87%) HTML
3 90 (11.02%) AngularJS
4 83 (10.16%) CSS
5 78 (9.55%) REST
6 69 (8.45%) Spring
7 68 (8.32%) XML
8 65 (7.96%) .NET Framework
9 63 (7.71%) SOAP
10 61 (7.47%) ASP.NET
11 60 (7.34%) Web Services
12 44 (5.39%) Entity Framework
12 44 (5.39%) jQuery
13 43 (5.26%) ASP.NET MVC
14 42 (5.14%) HTML5
14 42 (5.14%) JSON
15 37 (4.53%) ASP.NET Web API
16 31 (3.79%) React
17 26 (3.18%) .NET Core
18 25 (3.06%) CSS3
Miscellaneous
1 84 (10.28%) Analytical Skills
2 46 (5.63%) Clustering
3 42 (5.14%) PDA
4 30 (3.67%) Computer Science
5 18 (2.20%) Greenfield Project
5 18 (2.20%) Self-Motivation
6 14 (1.71%) Management Information System
7 12 (1.47%) Enterprise Software
7 12 (1.47%) User Experience
8 11 (1.35%) Data Structures
8 11 (1.35%) Mainframe
8 11 (1.35%) PKI
9 10 (1.22%) Derivative
10 9 (1.10%) Credit Risk
10 9 (1.10%) Fintech
11 8 (0.98%) Cyberthreat
11 8 (0.98%) Replication
12 7 (0.86%) Algorithms
13 6 (0.73%) Cloud Native
13 6 (0.73%) Private Cloud
Operating Systems
1 134 (16.40%) Windows
2 99 (12.12%) Linux
2 99 (12.12%) Unix
3 71 (8.69%) Windows Server 2008
4 61 (7.47%) Windows 7
5 57 (6.98%) Windows Server
6 53 (6.49%) Windows Server 2003
7 45 (5.51%) AIX
8 13 (1.59%) Windows Server 2012
9 9 (1.10%) Windows Phone
9 9 (1.10%) zOS
10 8 (0.98%) Android
10 8 (0.98%) Apple iOS
10 8 (0.98%) Windows XP
11 7 (0.86%) Windows Phone 8
12 6 (0.73%) Solaris
13 5 (0.61%) Windows 10
14 4 (0.49%) Windows 2000 Server
15 3 (0.37%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
15 3 (0.37%) Windows 8
Processes & Methodologies
1 307 (37.58%) Agile Software Development
2 109 (13.34%) Test Automation
3 86 (10.53%) ETL
4 75 (9.18%) Scrum
5 71 (8.69%) MVC
5 71 (8.69%) Problem-Solving
6 67 (8.20%) Continuous Integration
7 66 (8.08%) OO
8 65 (7.96%) Data Analysis
9 60 (7.34%) Change Management
9 60 (7.34%) Migration
10 59 (7.22%) Business Intelligence
10 59 (7.22%) Test Scripting
11 56 (6.85%) Analytics
12 55 (6.73%) Software Testing
13 53 (6.49%) Microservices
14 52 (6.36%) DevOps
14 52 (6.36%) SDLC
15 51 (6.24%) CRM
16 49 (6.00%) Waterfall
Programming Languages
1 185 (22.64%) Java
2 154 (18.85%) C#
3 125 (15.30%) JavaScript
4 95 (11.63%) PL/SQL
4 95 (11.63%) Python
5 89 (10.89%) T-SQL
6 46 (5.63%) PowerShell
7 42 (5.14%) Perl
8 39 (4.77%) Shell Script
9 25 (3.06%) VB
10 22 (2.69%) PHP
11 21 (2.57%) C++
12 20 (2.45%) R
12 20 (2.45%) VBA
13 19 (2.33%) TypeScript
14 17 (2.08%) Bash Shell
14 17 (2.08%) VBScript
15 13 (1.59%) Java 8
15 13 (1.59%) VB.NET
16 10 (1.22%) Go
Qualifications
1 83 (10.16%) Security Cleared
2 74 (9.06%) SC Cleared
3 59 (7.22%) Degree
4 55 (6.73%) ISTQB
5 19 (2.33%) BPSS Clearance
6 15 (1.84%) Computer Science Degree
6 15 (1.84%) Microsoft Certification
7 11 (1.35%) CISM
7 11 (1.35%) CISSP
7 11 (1.35%) ISEB
8 9 (1.10%) MCSE
9 8 (0.98%) MCITP
9 8 (0.98%) MCSA
10 7 (0.86%) DV Cleared
10 7 (0.86%) MCTS
11 6 (0.73%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
12 5 (0.61%) Citrix Certification
12 5 (0.61%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
12 5 (0.61%) PRINCE2 Certification
12 5 (0.61%) SAS Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 37 (4.53%) QA
2 28 (3.43%) Data Quality
3 15 (1.84%) Disclosure Scotland
4 13 (1.59%) GDPR
5 10 (1.22%) FINRA
6 5 (0.61%) SLA
7 4 (0.49%) GCP
8 1 (0.12%) COBIT
8 1 (0.12%) PMO
8 1 (0.12%) Sarbanes-Oxley
System Software
1 87 (10.65%) Active Directory
2 60 (7.34%) VMware Infrastructure
3 50 (6.12%) VMware ESXi
4 46 (5.63%) Hyper-V
5 40 (4.90%) Docker
5 40 (4.90%) Virtual Desktop
6 24 (2.94%) XenDesktop
7 22 (2.69%) XenApp
8 21 (2.57%) XenServer
9 18 (2.20%) Microsoft App-V
10 8 (0.98%) RACF
11 6 (0.73%) HDFS
11 6 (0.73%) Virtual Machines
11 6 (0.73%) VMware NSX
12 4 (0.49%) vSphere
13 3 (0.37%) Job Entry Subsystem
13 3 (0.37%) Time Sharing Option
14 2 (0.24%) OpenAM
14 2 (0.24%) Postfix
15 1 (0.12%) Oracle RAC
Systems Management
1 47 (5.75%) HP ALM
2 44 (5.39%) McAfee ePO
3 28 (3.43%) HP Quality Center
4 26 (3.18%) SCCM
5 23 (2.82%) Ansible
6 16 (1.96%) Terraform
7 15 (1.84%) Puppet
7 15 (1.84%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
8 11 (1.35%) Opscode Chef
9 7 (0.86%) AirWatch
9 7 (0.86%) Control-M
9 7 (0.86%) XenMobile
10 6 (0.73%) Netcool
10 6 (0.73%) PowerCLI
10 6 (0.73%) SafeCom
10 6 (0.73%) SAP Afaria
10 6 (0.73%) vRealize
11 5 (0.61%) Oracle Flashback
12 4 (0.49%) Kubernetes
12 4 (0.49%) OMEGAMON
Vendors
1 234 (28.64%) Oracle
2 190 (23.26%) Microsoft
3 80 (9.79%) Citrix
4 76 (9.30%) VMware
5 63 (7.71%) McAfee
6 55 (6.73%) Ivanti
7 54 (6.61%) HP
8 48 (5.88%) Veritas
9 27 (3.30%) Tableau
10 26 (3.18%) Informatica
11 20 (2.45%) Teradata
12 17 (2.08%) Sybase
13 16 (1.96%) IBM
14 13 (1.59%) SAP
15 12 (1.47%) Symantec
16 11 (1.35%) CA
16 11 (1.35%) Cloudera
17 10 (1.22%) Google
17 10 (1.22%) Hortonworks
17 10 (1.22%) Varonis