Period
to 19 June 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in Scotland with a requirement for SQL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited SQL over the 6 months to 19 June 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

SQL (Structured Query Language)
UK > Scotland
6 months to
19 Jun 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 5 6 5
Rank change year-on-year +1 -1 +1
Contract jobs citing SQL 618 731 578
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in Scotland 14.07% 13.93% 15.19%
As % of the Programming Languages category 35.99% 35.28% 34.47%
Number of daily rates quoted 340 477 316
Scotland median daily rate £410 £375 £375
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +9.33% - +2.04%
10th Percentile £309 £260 £263
90th Percentile £551 £500 £530
UK median daily rate £450 £435 £413
% change year-on-year +3.45% +5.45% +3.13%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2 19 14
Scotland median hourly rate £45.25 £15.00 £43.39
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +201.67% -65.43% +20.53%
10th Percentile £43.98 £12.71 £17.34
90th Percentile £45.93 £26.64 £152.15
UK median hourly rate £35.00 £26.50 £40.00
% change year-on-year +32.08% -33.75% +37.93%

SQL is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in Scotland with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
Scotland
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 1,717 2,072 1,677
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in Scotland 39.08% 39.49% 44.07%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,001 1,298 1,007
Scotland median daily rate £425 £400 £375
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +6.25% +6.67% +2.04%
10th Percentile £310 £281 £263
90th Percentile £563 £525 £500
UK median daily rate £475 £460 £438
% change year-on-year +3.18% +5.22% +4.17%
Number of hourly rates quoted 24 26 30
Scotland median hourly rate £37.50 £16.76 £43.39
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +123.75% -61.37% +13.44%
10th Percentile £22.05 £12.73 £14.97
90th Percentile £47.50 £45.69 £65.10
UK median hourly rate £42.87 £41.00 £41.13
% change year-on-year +4.55% -0.30% +8.22%

SQL
Job Vacancy Trend in Scotland

Job postings citing SQL as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in Scotland.

Job vacancy trend for SQL in Scotland

SQL
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in Scotland

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing SQL in Scotland.

Contractor daily rate trend for SQL in Scotland

SQL
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in Scotland

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing SQL in Scotland over the 6 months to 19 June 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for SQL in Scotland

SQL
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in Scotland

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing SQL in Scotland.

Contractor hourly rate trend for SQL in Scotland

SQL
Contract Job Locations in Scotland

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing SQL within the Scotland region over the 6 months to 19 June 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Edinburgh +2 294 £415 +3.75% 23
Glasgow +2 256 £425 +13.33% 18
Renfrewshire +9 18 £345 +24.89%
Fife 0 15 £320 +203.32% 2
Aberdeen -9 7 £400 +122.22% 8
Dundee - 5 £319 -
Moray - 4 £275 -
Stirling -3 2 £469 +4.17%
West Lothian -7 2 £420 +52.73% 1
Highlands -4 1 £128 -
Dumfries and Galloway - 1 £350 -
Aberdeenshire - 1 - -
SQL
UK

For the 6 months to 19 June 2019, IT contractor jobs citing SQL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the Scotland region with a requirement for SQL.

1 208 (33.66%) Agile Software Development
2 162 (26.21%) Java
3 154 (24.92%) Oracle
4 146 (23.62%) SQL Server
5 139 (22.49%) C#
6 132 (21.36%) .NET
7 117 (18.93%) Finance
7 117 (18.93%) Microsoft Azure
8 93 (15.05%) Banking
9 92 (14.89%) Git (software)
10 91 (14.72%) Linux
11 90 (14.56%) Windows
12 82 (13.27%) Microsoft
13 81 (13.11%) JavaScript
14 77 (12.46%) Big Data
15 74 (11.97%) Relational Database
15 74 (11.97%) PL/SQL
16 73 (11.81%) ETL
17 72 (11.65%) SQL Server Integration Services
18 69 (11.17%) Unix
19 66 (10.68%) Python
19 66 (10.68%) REST
20 64 (10.36%) Spring
21 63 (10.19%) SOAP
22 62 (10.03%) T-SQL
23 61 (9.87%) Web Services
24 60 (9.71%) Migration
24 60 (9.71%) Oracle Database
25 58 (9.39%) Analytics
26 57 (9.22%) Business Intelligence

SQL
Co-occurring IT Skills in Scotland by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 30 (4.85%) Apache Spark
2 28 (4.53%) WebSphere
3 23 (3.72%) SAS
4 21 (3.40%) JBoss
5 18 (2.91%) Umbraco
6 17 (2.75%) Apache
7 14 (2.27%) IIS
8 13 (2.10%) Confluence
9 7 (1.13%) Tomcat
10 5 (0.81%) Anypoint
10 5 (0.81%) Oracle Application Server
10 5 (0.81%) SharePoint
11 4 (0.65%) NetWeaver
11 4 (0.65%) WebSphere Application Server
12 3 (0.49%) Mule
12 3 (0.49%) Skype for Business
12 3 (0.49%) WebLogic
13 2 (0.32%) Mule ESB
13 2 (0.32%) nginx
13 2 (0.32%) Oracle SOA Suite
Applications
1 18 (2.91%) Microsoft Excel
2 17 (2.75%) Microsoft Office
3 2 (0.32%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 1 (0.16%) Microsoft Project
4 1 (0.16%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 14 (2.27%) Dynamics CRM
2 9 (1.46%) Oracle AML
3 7 (1.13%) Oracle EBS
4 6 (0.97%) Actimize
5 3 (0.49%) Payment Gateway
6 2 (0.32%) IntelliMatch
6 2 (0.32%) Oracle ERP
6 2 (0.32%) SAP Oil and Gas
7 1 (0.16%) Markit EDM
7 1 (0.16%) Oracle 11i
7 1 (0.16%) Oracle EBS R12
7 1 (0.16%) Oracle General Ledger
7 1 (0.16%) Oracle iProcurement
7 1 (0.16%) Oracle Payables
7 1 (0.16%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
7 1 (0.16%) Oracle Receivables
7 1 (0.16%) thinkFolio
Cloud Services
1 117 (18.93%) Microsoft Azure
2 51 (8.25%) Amazon AWS
3 39 (6.31%) Power Platform
4 17 (2.75%) npm
5 14 (2.27%) Office 365
6 10 (1.62%) SaaS
7 9 (1.46%) Azure Active Directory
8 8 (1.29%) GitHub
9 7 (1.13%) PaaS
10 6 (0.97%) Serverless
11 5 (0.81%) Apigee
11 5 (0.81%) AWS Lambda
11 5 (0.81%) Firebase
11 5 (0.81%) Google Analytics
11 5 (0.81%) OpenShift
12 3 (0.49%) Dynamics 365
13 2 (0.32%) Amazon EMR
13 2 (0.32%) Google Cloud Platform
13 2 (0.32%) IBM Cloud
14 1 (0.16%) Yammer
Communications & Networking
1 7 (1.13%) DNS
1 7 (1.13%) Firewall
2 6 (0.97%) DHCP
2 6 (0.97%) Skype
3 4 (0.65%) Internet
4 3 (0.49%) FTP
5 2 (0.32%) AMQP
5 2 (0.32%) VPN
6 1 (0.16%) Broadband
6 1 (0.16%) LAN
6 1 (0.16%) SAN
6 1 (0.16%) VoIP
6 1 (0.16%) WAN
6 1 (0.16%) WEP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 146 (23.62%) SQL Server
2 77 (12.46%) Big Data
3 74 (11.97%) Relational Database
4 72 (11.65%) SQL Server Integration Services
5 60 (9.71%) Oracle Database
6 50 (8.09%) Data Warehouse
6 50 (8.09%) RDBMS
7 38 (6.15%) Power BI
8 37 (5.99%) NoSQL
9 36 (5.83%) DB2
9 36 (5.83%) SQL Server Reporting Services
10 30 (4.85%) Azure SQL Database
11 24 (3.88%) Hadoop
12 19 (3.07%) Apache Hive
13 18 (2.91%) GIS
13 18 (2.91%) MySQL
14 17 (2.75%) Impala
14 17 (2.75%) Oracle Database 12c
15 15 (2.43%) HBase
16 12 (1.94%) Cosmos DB
Development Applications
1 92 (14.89%) Git (software)
2 44 (7.12%) JIRA
3 39 (6.31%) Visual Studio
4 34 (5.50%) Jenkins
5 28 (4.53%) JUnit
6 26 (4.21%) Cucumber
7 25 (4.05%) Subversion
7 25 (4.05%) TeamCity
8 24 (3.88%) Maven
9 21 (3.40%) Selenium
10 19 (3.07%) NetBeans
11 17 (2.75%) Hudson
11 17 (2.75%) NUnit
12 16 (2.59%) JMeter
13 15 (2.43%) IntelliJ
13 15 (2.43%) MSTest
14 14 (2.27%) Eclipse
14 14 (2.27%) Oracle Forms
15 13 (2.10%) Team Foundation Server
16 12 (1.94%) Gradle
General
1 117 (18.93%) Finance
2 93 (15.05%) Banking
3 18 (2.91%) Investment Banking
4 16 (2.59%) Retail Banking
5 9 (1.46%) Manufacturing
6 4 (0.65%) Games
6 4 (0.65%) Legal
7 3 (0.49%) Advertising
7 3 (0.49%) Marketing
8 2 (0.32%) Financial Institution
8 2 (0.32%) Front Office
9 1 (0.16%) Aerospace
9 1 (0.16%) Automotive
9 1 (0.16%) Back Office
9 1 (0.16%) Billing
9 1 (0.16%) Electronics
9 1 (0.16%) Law
9 1 (0.16%) Pharmaceutical
9 1 (0.16%) Retail
9 1 (0.16%) Telecoms
Job Titles
1 276 (44.66%) Developer
2 102 (16.50%) Analyst
3 51 (8.25%) SQL Developer
4 48 (7.77%) Java Developer
5 42 (6.80%) DBA
6 40 (6.47%) Architect
7 34 (5.50%) .NET Developer
8 31 (5.02%) Data Analyst
9 29 (4.69%) Software Engineer
10 28 (4.53%) Test Analyst
11 26 (4.21%) C# Developer
12 22 (3.56%) Java Engineer
12 22 (3.56%) SQL DBA
13 21 (3.40%) Senior Software Engineer
14 20 (3.24%) Big Data Developer
15 19 (3.07%) Java Software Engineer
16 18 (2.91%) C# Software Engineer
16 18 (2.91%) Senior C# Software Engineer
16 18 (2.91%) Senior Java Software Engineer
16 18 (2.91%) Test Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 132 (21.36%) .NET
2 66 (10.68%) REST
3 64 (10.36%) Spring
4 63 (10.19%) SOAP
5 61 (9.87%) Web Services
6 56 (9.06%) HTML
7 50 (8.09%) XML
8 42 (6.80%) CSS
9 36 (5.83%) ASP.NET
10 34 (5.50%) JSON
11 28 (4.53%) .NET Framework
12 25 (4.05%) RESTful
13 24 (3.88%) Spring Boot
14 23 (3.72%) Entity Framework
15 22 (3.56%) Kafka
16 20 (3.24%) AngularJS
16 20 (3.24%) Swing
17 19 (3.07%) Middleware
17 19 (3.07%) Sass
17 19 (3.07%) WPF
Miscellaneous
1 41 (6.63%) Analytical Skills
2 18 (2.91%) Robotics
3 16 (2.59%) Greenfield Project
4 13 (2.10%) User Experience
5 11 (1.78%) Clustering
6 10 (1.62%) Data Structures
6 10 (1.62%) Enterprise Software
7 9 (1.46%) Management Information System
8 8 (1.29%) Cloud Native
8 8 (1.29%) Derivative
8 8 (1.29%) Replication
9 7 (1.13%) Mobile App
10 6 (0.97%) Public Cloud
10 6 (0.97%) Self-Motivation
11 5 (0.81%) Data Centre
11 5 (0.81%) Mainframe
11 5 (0.81%) Reference Data
12 4 (0.65%) Algorithms
12 4 (0.65%) Virtual Team
13 3 (0.49%) iSeries
Operating Systems
1 91 (14.72%) Linux
2 90 (14.56%) Windows
3 69 (11.17%) Unix
4 19 (3.07%) Windows Server
5 11 (1.78%) CentOS
6 9 (1.46%) Apple iOS
7 8 (1.29%) Android
8 6 (0.97%) Windows Server 2008
8 6 (0.97%) Windows Server 2012
9 5 (0.81%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 3 (0.49%) Mac OS
10 3 (0.49%) Windows 10
10 3 (0.49%) Windows 7
10 3 (0.49%) Windows 8
11 2 (0.32%) Solaris
12 1 (0.16%) AIX
12 1 (0.16%) Tru64
12 1 (0.16%) zOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 208 (33.66%) Agile Software Development
2 73 (11.81%) ETL
3 60 (9.71%) Migration
4 58 (9.39%) Analytics
5 57 (9.22%) Business Intelligence
6 54 (8.74%) Software Engineering
7 53 (8.58%) Problem-Solving
8 51 (8.25%) Data Modelling
9 50 (8.09%) MVC
10 47 (7.61%) Performance Tuning
10 47 (7.61%) Test Automation
11 46 (7.44%) Unit Testing
12 43 (6.96%) SDLC
13 39 (6.31%) Scrum
14 35 (5.66%) Data Management
14 35 (5.66%) DevOps
15 33 (5.34%) Configuration Management
16 32 (5.18%) Stakeholder Management
17 31 (5.02%) Mentoring
18 29 (4.69%) Software Testing
Programming Languages
1 162 (26.21%) Java
2 139 (22.49%) C#
3 81 (13.11%) JavaScript
4 74 (11.97%) PL/SQL
5 66 (10.68%) Python
6 62 (10.03%) T-SQL
7 37 (5.99%) PowerShell
8 24 (3.88%) C++
9 21 (3.40%) Shell Script
10 16 (2.59%) Bash Shell
11 15 (2.43%) Java 8
11 15 (2.43%) Ruby
12 11 (1.78%) Scala
12 11 (1.78%) VBA
13 8 (1.29%) C
13 8 (1.29%) R
14 7 (1.13%) Objective-C
14 7 (1.13%) Perl
15 6 (0.97%) RPG
15 6 (0.97%) RPG/400
Qualifications
1 43 (6.96%) Degree
2 33 (5.34%) Security Cleared
3 20 (3.24%) SC Cleared
4 19 (3.07%) Numerate Degree
5 13 (2.10%) BPSS Clearance
6 5 (0.81%) BC Cleared
6 5 (0.81%) ISTQB
7 4 (0.65%) ISEB
8 3 (0.49%) Computer Science Degree
8 3 (0.49%) Master's Degree
9 2 (0.32%) Postgraduate
10 1 (0.16%) HND
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 34 (5.50%) Data Quality
2 14 (2.27%) QA
3 2 (0.32%) Disclosure Scotland
4 1 (0.16%) GDPR
4 1 (0.16%) PSD2
4 1 (0.16%) SLA
System Software
1 36 (5.83%) Active Directory
2 15 (2.43%) HDFS
3 12 (1.94%) Docker
3 12 (1.94%) VMware Infrastructure
4 3 (0.49%) vSphere
5 2 (0.32%) Oracle RAC
5 2 (0.32%) VMware ESXi
5 2 (0.32%) XenDesktop
6 1 (0.16%) Hyper-V
6 1 (0.16%) RACF
Systems Management
1 15 (2.43%) Puppet
2 11 (1.78%) SCCM
3 8 (1.29%) Ansible
4 6 (0.97%) Kubernetes
4 6 (0.97%) Opscode Chef
5 5 (0.81%) Terraform
6 4 (0.65%) Single Sign-On
7 3 (0.49%) Control-M
7 3 (0.49%) Grafana
7 3 (0.49%) HP Quality Center
7 3 (0.49%) ITRS Geneos
7 3 (0.49%) Jamf Pro
8 2 (0.32%) HP ALM
8 2 (0.32%) Oracle RMAN
9 1 (0.16%) Data Guard
9 1 (0.16%) Enterprise Manager Cloud Control
9 1 (0.16%) HAProxy
9 1 (0.16%) OMEGAMON
9 1 (0.16%) Oracle Flashback
9 1 (0.16%) Rancher
Vendors
1 154 (24.92%) Oracle
2 82 (13.27%) Microsoft
3 30 (4.85%) VMware
4 28 (4.53%) IBM
5 16 (2.59%) SAP
6 15 (2.43%) Informatica
7 13 (2.10%) Google
8 12 (1.94%) NetApp
8 12 (1.94%) Tableau
9 10 (1.62%) Cisco
10 9 (1.46%) Teradata
11 8 (1.29%) Sybase
12 7 (1.13%) Ab Initio
13 6 (0.97%) Citrix
13 6 (0.97%) Epicor
13 6 (0.97%) MuleSoft
13 6 (0.97%) Salesforce.com
14 5 (0.81%) Cloudera
14 5 (0.81%) TIBCO
14 5 (0.81%) WSO2