Period
to 19 December 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in Scotland with a requirement for SQL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited SQL over the 6 months to 19 December 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

SQL (Structured Query Language)
UK > Scotland
6 months to
19 Dec 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 6 7 5
Rank change year-on-year +1 -2 +1
Contract jobs citing SQL 787 657 626
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in Scotland 15.22% 13.17% 15.22%
As % of the Programming Languages category 36.62% 35.02% 36.74%
Number of daily rates quoted 437 384 403
Scotland median daily rate £400 £378 £345
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.96% +9.42% -1.43%
10th Percentile £278 £282 £263
90th Percentile £538 £488 £463
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £400
% change year-on-year +5.88% +6.25% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 9 13 19
Scotland median hourly rate £32.00 £20.21 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +58.34% -49.48% -
10th Percentile £10.75 £15.03 £14.85
90th Percentile £36.60 £163.00 £49.10
UK median hourly rate £27.73 £26.60 £31.00
% change year-on-year +4.27% -14.21% +10.71%

SQL is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in Scotland with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
Scotland
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 2,149 1,876 1,704
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in Scotland 41.55% 37.62% 41.44%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,236 1,149 1,006
Scotland median daily rate £400 £388 £350
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +3.23% +10.71% -
10th Percentile £306 £280 £263
90th Percentile £550 £525 £475
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £425
% change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +4.94%
Number of hourly rates quoted 22 24 36
Scotland median hourly rate £38.75 £21.00 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +84.52% -47.50% +3.90%
10th Percentile £12.83 £15.04 £14.85
90th Percentile £44.27 £43.25 £52.00
UK median hourly rate £42.00 £40.00 £40.00
% change year-on-year +5.00% - +6.67%

SQL
Job Vacancy Trend in Scotland

Job postings citing SQL as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in Scotland.

Job vacancy trend for SQL in Scotland

SQL
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in Scotland

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing SQL in Scotland.

Contractor daily rate trend for SQL in Scotland

SQL
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in Scotland

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing SQL in Scotland over the 6 months to 19 December 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for SQL in Scotland

SQL
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in Scotland

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing SQL in Scotland.

Contractor hourly rate trend for SQL in Scotland

SQL
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in Scotland

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing SQL in Scotland over the 6 months to 19 December 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for SQL in Scotland

SQL
Contract Job Locations in Scotland

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing SQL within the Scotland region over the 6 months to 19 December 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Edinburgh +1 378 £400 +3.23% 85
Glasgow +1 320 £400 +6.67% 77
Renfrewshire +7 27 £310 -24.76% 1
West Lothian +15 19 £275 -18.52% 7
Dundee -4 5 £310 -22.50%
Aberdeen +5 3 - - 4
Midlothian - 3 £400 - 1
Highlands +2 2 - -
Fife +2 2 - - 2
Stirling -1 2 £385 +208.00% 1
South Lanarkshire -3 2 £156 - 3
Aberdeenshire - 2 £325 -
North Lanarkshire -3 1 - - 1
Lanarkshire - 1 - - 1
SQL
UK

For the 6 months to 19 December 2018, IT contractor jobs citing SQL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the Scotland region with a requirement for SQL.

1 322 (40.91%) Agile Software Development
2 247 (31.39%) Oracle
3 237 (30.11%) Finance
4 228 (28.97%) SQL Server
5 209 (26.56%) Java
6 144 (18.30%) C#
7 132 (16.77%) Linux
8 121 (15.37%) JavaScript
9 120 (15.25%) .NET
10 119 (15.12%) Microsoft
11 113 (14.36%) ETL
12 111 (14.10%) Relational Database
13 98 (12.45%) Python
14 89 (11.31%) Windows
15 86 (10.93%) DevOps
16 84 (10.67%) HTML
16 84 (10.67%) Banking
17 83 (10.55%) PL/SQL
18 81 (10.29%) Jenkins
18 81 (10.29%) Test Automation
19 78 (9.91%) SOAP
20 77 (9.78%) Unix
21 76 (9.66%) Oracle Database
22 75 (9.53%) Scrum
23 74 (9.40%) Business Intelligence
23 74 (9.40%) Spring
23 74 (9.40%) Git (software)
24 73 (9.28%) Software Engineering
25 71 (9.02%) Perl
25 71 (9.02%) Continuous Integration

SQL
Co-occurring IT Skills in Scotland by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 41 (5.21%) SAS
2 25 (3.18%) SharePoint
3 17 (2.16%) Apache
4 16 (2.03%) Tomcat
5 13 (1.65%) Confluence
6 12 (1.52%) WebSphere
7 11 (1.40%) SharePoint 2013
8 10 (1.27%) JBoss
9 5 (0.64%) GlassFish
9 5 (0.64%) Oracle SOA Suite
10 4 (0.51%) Apache Spark
10 4 (0.51%) Elasticsearch
10 4 (0.51%) MS Exchange
10 4 (0.51%) Mule
10 4 (0.51%) Mule ESB
11 3 (0.38%) Apache Solr
11 3 (0.38%) CMS
11 3 (0.38%) Oracle Workflow
12 2 (0.25%) nginx
12 2 (0.25%) SharePoint 2010
Applications
1 62 (7.88%) Microsoft Excel
2 18 (2.29%) Microsoft Office
3 15 (1.91%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 7 (0.89%) MS Visio
5 5 (0.64%) Microsoft Project
6 3 (0.38%) Chatbot
6 3 (0.38%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 6 (0.76%) Dynamics CRM
1 6 (0.76%) Markit EDM
2 4 (0.51%) WebTrends
3 3 (0.38%) SessionCam
3 3 (0.38%) thinkFolio
4 2 (0.25%) Cognos Business Intelligence
4 2 (0.25%) Dynamics AX
4 2 (0.25%) Maximo
5 1 (0.13%) Actimize
5 1 (0.13%) Cognos TM1
5 1 (0.13%) Oracle Cash Management
5 1 (0.13%) Sage 200
5 1 (0.13%) Sage 300 ERP
5 1 (0.13%) Sage CRM
Cloud Services
1 51 (6.48%) Microsoft Azure
2 50 (6.35%) Amazon AWS
3 36 (4.57%) Office 365
4 20 (2.54%) GitHub
5 13 (1.65%) Dynamics 365
6 11 (1.40%) SaaS
7 10 (1.27%) Azure Data Factory
8 9 (1.14%) PaaS
9 8 (1.02%) NuGet
10 7 (0.89%) Amazon EC2
10 7 (0.89%) Amazon S3
10 7 (0.89%) Google Cloud Platform
11 6 (0.76%) Google Analytics
12 5 (0.64%) Cloud Computing
12 5 (0.64%) Google Tag Manager
12 5 (0.64%) npm
12 5 (0.64%) Yarn
13 4 (0.51%) Virtual Private Cloud
14 3 (0.38%) AdWords
14 3 (0.38%) Amazon EMR
Communications & Networking
1 24 (3.05%) DNS
2 21 (2.67%) DHCP
3 10 (1.27%) TCP/IP
4 9 (1.14%) SAN
5 7 (0.89%) HTTP
6 6 (0.76%) AMQP
7 5 (0.64%) Firewall
8 4 (0.51%) FTP
9 3 (0.38%) BIG-IP
9 3 (0.38%) Internet
9 3 (0.38%) NAS
9 3 (0.38%) NetScaler
9 3 (0.38%) SSL
10 2 (0.25%) VPN
11 1 (0.13%) Broadband
11 1 (0.13%) HTTPS
11 1 (0.13%) Intranet
11 1 (0.13%) SMTP
11 1 (0.13%) VLAN
11 1 (0.13%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 228 (28.97%) SQL Server
2 111 (14.10%) Relational Database
3 76 (9.66%) Oracle Database
4 70 (8.89%) Data Warehouse
5 57 (7.24%) MongoDB
5 57 (7.24%) NoSQL
6 52 (6.61%) SQL Server Reporting Services
7 51 (6.48%) RDBMS
8 47 (5.97%) MySQL
9 45 (5.72%) Hadoop
10 43 (5.46%) Oracle Database 12c
11 42 (5.34%) DB2
12 39 (4.96%) SQL Server Integration Services
13 33 (4.19%) Power BI
14 31 (3.94%) Big Data
15 30 (3.81%) BusinessObjects
16 28 (3.56%) PostgreSQL
17 23 (2.92%) SQL Server Analysis Services
18 19 (2.41%) ArangoDB
18 19 (2.41%) Neo4j
Development Applications
1 81 (10.29%) Jenkins
2 74 (9.40%) Git (software)
3 48 (6.10%) JUnit
4 45 (5.72%) JIRA
5 39 (4.96%) Oracle Forms
6 37 (4.70%) Team Foundation Server
7 31 (3.94%) Visual Studio
8 29 (3.68%) Maven
9 23 (2.92%) JMeter
10 22 (2.80%) Cucumber
11 20 (2.54%) Selenium
12 18 (2.29%) TeamCity
13 17 (2.16%) Subversion
14 16 (2.03%) NUnit
15 12 (1.52%) Bitbucket
15 12 (1.52%) Gatling
15 12 (1.52%) Gradle
15 12 (1.52%) Hudson
15 12 (1.52%) SpecFlow
16 11 (1.40%) Calabash
General
1 237 (30.11%) Finance
2 84 (10.67%) Banking
3 24 (3.05%) Investment Banking
4 22 (2.80%) Retail
5 19 (2.41%) Manufacturing
6 10 (1.27%) Marketing
7 9 (1.14%) Retail Banking
8 7 (0.89%) Financial Institution
9 6 (0.76%) Telecoms
10 5 (0.64%) Billing
10 5 (0.64%) Pharmaceutical
11 4 (0.51%) Front Office
11 4 (0.51%) Legal
12 3 (0.38%) Advertising
12 3 (0.38%) Corporate Banking
12 3 (0.38%) Law
13 2 (0.25%) Games
14 1 (0.13%) Electronics
14 1 (0.13%) International Banking
14 1 (0.13%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 337 (42.82%) Developer
2 125 (15.88%) Analyst
3 56 (7.12%) Java Developer
4 50 (6.35%) SQL Developer
5 47 (5.97%) DBA
6 37 (4.70%) Architect
6 37 (4.70%) C# Developer
7 34 (4.32%) Test Analyst
8 33 (4.19%) Applications Support
9 32 (4.07%) .NET Developer
10 30 (3.81%) Senior Developer
11 29 (3.68%) Data Analyst
12 26 (3.30%) DevOps Engineer
13 25 (3.18%) Support Engineer
14 24 (3.05%) Oracle Developer
15 22 (2.80%) Applications Engineer
15 22 (2.80%) Applications Support Engineer
15 22 (2.80%) Software Developer
16 21 (2.67%) Consultant
17 20 (2.54%) SQL Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 120 (15.25%) .NET
2 84 (10.67%) HTML
3 78 (9.91%) SOAP
4 74 (9.40%) Spring
5 68 (8.64%) AngularJS
6 67 (8.51%) REST
7 63 (8.01%) Web Services
8 60 (7.62%) CSS
9 59 (7.50%) XML
10 57 (7.24%) ASP.NET
11 41 (5.21%) React
12 36 (4.57%) ASP.NET MVC
12 36 (4.57%) JSON
13 32 (4.07%) HTML5
14 31 (3.94%) jQuery
15 27 (3.43%) .NET Framework
16 19 (2.41%) Node.js
17 17 (2.16%) ASP.NET Web API
17 17 (2.16%) CSS3
18 15 (1.91%) KnockoutJS
Miscellaneous
1 67 (8.51%) Analytical Skills
2 18 (2.29%) Clustering
3 16 (2.03%) Data Centre
3 16 (2.03%) Self-Motivation
4 15 (1.91%) Greenfield Project
5 14 (1.78%) Cyberthreat
5 14 (1.78%) Replication
6 13 (1.65%) Private Cloud
6 13 (1.65%) User Experience
7 12 (1.52%) Credit Risk
7 12 (1.52%) Data Structures
8 11 (1.40%) Enterprise Software
8 11 (1.40%) Fintech
9 10 (1.27%) Cloud Native
10 9 (1.14%) Management Information System
11 8 (1.02%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
11 8 (1.02%) PDA
12 7 (0.89%) Derivative
13 6 (0.76%) Algorithms
13 6 (0.76%) Linux Command Line
Operating Systems
1 132 (16.77%) Linux
2 89 (11.31%) Windows
3 77 (9.78%) Unix
4 31 (3.94%) Windows Server
5 20 (2.54%) Windows Server 2008
6 13 (1.65%) Windows 7
6 13 (1.65%) Windows Server 2012
7 10 (1.27%) AIX
8 9 (1.14%) Windows Server 2003
9 3 (0.38%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 3 (0.38%) Solaris
9 3 (0.38%) Windows 2000 Server
10 2 (0.25%) Android
10 2 (0.25%) Apple iOS
10 2 (0.25%) Windows 10
10 2 (0.25%) zOS
11 1 (0.13%) Data ONTAP
11 1 (0.13%) HPUX
11 1 (0.13%) OS/400
11 1 (0.13%) Tru64
Processes & Methodologies
1 322 (40.91%) Agile Software Development
2 113 (14.36%) ETL
3 86 (10.93%) DevOps
4 81 (10.29%) Test Automation
5 75 (9.53%) Scrum
6 74 (9.40%) Business Intelligence
7 73 (9.28%) Software Engineering
8 71 (9.02%) Continuous Integration
9 61 (7.75%) Migration
10 60 (7.62%) Analytics
10 60 (7.62%) MVC
11 56 (7.12%) Microservices
12 52 (6.61%) SDLC
13 46 (5.84%) Data Modelling
13 46 (5.84%) OO
14 40 (5.08%) Change Management
14 40 (5.08%) Problem-Solving
14 40 (5.08%) User Acceptance Testing
15 39 (4.96%) Data Analysis
16 38 (4.83%) Visualisation
Programming Languages
1 209 (26.56%) Java
2 144 (18.30%) C#
3 121 (15.37%) JavaScript
4 98 (12.45%) Python
5 83 (10.55%) PL/SQL
6 71 (9.02%) Perl
7 51 (6.48%) Shell Script
8 46 (5.84%) T-SQL
9 43 (5.46%) PowerShell
10 36 (4.57%) VBA
11 34 (4.32%) Bash Shell
12 29 (3.68%) Ruby
13 24 (3.05%) PHP
14 19 (2.41%) Go
14 19 (2.41%) R
15 18 (2.29%) Java 8
16 17 (2.16%) TypeScript
17 16 (2.03%) VB
18 13 (1.65%) VBScript
19 11 (1.40%) C++
Qualifications
1 58 (7.37%) Degree
2 57 (7.24%) Security Cleared
3 34 (4.32%) SC Cleared
4 20 (2.54%) CISM
4 20 (2.54%) CISSP
5 15 (1.91%) Computer Science Degree
6 14 (1.78%) ISTQB
7 12 (1.52%) DV Cleared
8 5 (0.64%) SAS Certification
9 4 (0.51%) BPSS Clearance
9 4 (0.51%) ISEB
9 4 (0.51%) PRINCE2 Certification
10 3 (0.38%) PhD
10 3 (0.38%) PMP
11 2 (0.25%) BC Cleared
11 2 (0.25%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
11 2 (0.25%) Numerate Degree
12 1 (0.13%) ITIL Certification
12 1 (0.13%) MCDBA
12 1 (0.13%) TOGAF Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 41 (5.21%) QA
2 27 (3.43%) GDPR
3 21 (2.67%) Data Quality
4 19 (2.41%) FINRA
5 14 (1.78%) Disclosure Scotland
6 8 (1.02%) PMO
6 8 (1.02%) SLA
7 4 (0.51%) IFRS
7 4 (0.51%) IFRS 9
8 1 (0.13%) COBIT
8 1 (0.13%) EMIR
8 1 (0.13%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 1 (0.13%) Sarbanes-Oxley
System Software
1 34 (4.32%) Active Directory
2 19 (2.41%) Docker
3 18 (2.29%) VMware Infrastructure
4 11 (1.40%) VMware ESXi
4 11 (1.40%) XenApp
5 9 (1.14%) Hyper-V
6 8 (1.02%) Virtual Desktop
7 7 (0.89%) Terminal Services
8 3 (0.38%) Microsoft App-V
8 3 (0.38%) XenDesktop
8 3 (0.38%) XenServer
9 2 (0.25%) Oracle RAC
9 2 (0.25%) Postfix
9 2 (0.25%) vSphere
10 1 (0.13%) Sendmail
10 1 (0.13%) VMware Server
Systems Management
1 24 (3.05%) Terraform
2 18 (2.29%) Ansible
3 15 (1.91%) Puppet
4 10 (1.27%) HP ALM
4 10 (1.27%) Opscode Chef
4 10 (1.27%) SCCM
5 8 (1.02%) McAfee ePO
6 6 (0.76%) HP Quality Center
6 6 (0.76%) Kubernetes
7 5 (0.64%) Control-M
8 3 (0.38%) Packer
8 3 (0.38%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
9 2 (0.25%) HAProxy
9 2 (0.25%) HP Operations Orchestration
9 2 (0.25%) Oracle RMAN
9 2 (0.25%) SCOM
9 2 (0.25%) vCenter Server
10 1 (0.13%) Enterprise Manager Cloud Control
10 1 (0.13%) Host Intrusion Detection System
10 1 (0.13%) Rancher
Vendors
1 247 (31.39%) Oracle
2 119 (15.12%) Microsoft
3 37 (4.70%) Tableau
4 29 (3.68%) Informatica
5 27 (3.43%) McAfee
5 27 (3.43%) Sybase
6 26 (3.30%) VMware
7 25 (3.18%) IBM
8 22 (2.80%) Teradata
9 21 (2.67%) Cloudera
10 20 (2.54%) Citrix
10 20 (2.54%) Symantec
11 19 (2.41%) Ab Initio
11 19 (2.41%) Hortonworks
11 19 (2.41%) Varonis
12 18 (2.29%) HP
13 17 (2.16%) Charles River
13 17 (2.16%) Epicor
14 15 (1.91%) Talend
15 12 (1.52%) SAP