Period
to 20 October 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the UK excluding London with a requirement for Selenium skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Selenium over the 6 months to 20 October 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Selenium
UK > UK excluding London
6 months to
20 Oct 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 81 137 121
Rank change year-on-year +56 -16 +24
Contract jobs citing Selenium 1,618 978 1,233
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK excluding London 2.97% 1.88% 2.08%
As % of the Development Applications category 14.86% 10.78% 13.40%
Number of daily rates quoted 995 605 729
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £375 £388
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +6.67% -3.23% +7.64%
10th Percentile £300 £263 £263
90th Percentile £510 £488 £508
UK median daily rate £433 £425 £400
% change year-on-year +1.76% +6.25% +3.23%
Number of hourly rates quoted 8 7 18
UK excluding London median hourly rate £35.00 £47.50 £52.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -26.32% -8.65% +94.39%
10th Percentile £21.18 £16.60 £35.93
90th Percentile £44.13 £48.75 £59.31
UK median hourly rate £32.50 £47.50 £52.00
% change year-on-year -31.58% -8.65% +94.39%

Selenium is in the Development Applications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the UK excluding London with a requirement for development application skills.

All Development Application Skills
UK excluding London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for development application skills 10,889 9,076 9,203
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK excluding London 19.98% 17.40% 15.51%
Number of daily rates quoted 6,930 5,823 5,867
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £405 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +4.94% +1.25% +6.67%
10th Percentile £313 £300 £275
90th Percentile £563 £544 £525
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £425
% change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 200 257 236
UK excluding London median hourly rate £42.50 £42.50 £41.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - +3.66% +4.30%
10th Percentile £26.75 £31.15 £24.50
90th Percentile £52.50 £62.51 £52.50
UK median hourly rate £42.50 £42.50 £41.00
% change year-on-year - +3.66% +5.13%

Selenium
Job Vacancy Trend in the UK excluding London

Job postings citing Selenium as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in the UK excluding London.

Job vacancy trend for Selenium in the UK excluding London

Selenium
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the UK excluding London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Selenium in the UK excluding London.

Contractor daily rate trend for Selenium in the UK excluding London

Selenium
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in the UK excluding London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Selenium in the UK excluding London over the 6 months to 20 October 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Selenium in the UK excluding London

Selenium
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the UK excluding London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Selenium in the UK excluding London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Selenium in the UK excluding London

Selenium
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in the UK excluding London

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Selenium in the UK excluding London over the 6 months to 20 October 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Selenium in the UK excluding London

Selenium
Contract Job Locations in the UK excluding London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Selenium within the UK excluding London region over the 6 months to 20 October 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
North of England +21 410 £400 +6.67% 129
South East +41 402 £400 - 102
Midlands +48 274 £400 - 85
North West +71 212 £425 +13.33% 65
South West +30 189 £425 +18.06% 73
West Midlands +73 186 £413 +2.48% 57
Yorkshire -1 163 £380 +1.33% 45
Scotland +9 133 £363 -3.33% 29
East of England +28 102 £380 +8.57% 38
East Midlands +5 87 £375 -6.25% 28
Wales +37 78 £360 +15.20% 10
North East -8 36 £400 +4.58% 19
Northern Ireland +55 30 £300 -4.00% 7
South Coast - 3 - -
Selenium
UK

For the 6 months to 20 October 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Selenium also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the UK excluding London region with a requirement for Selenium.

1 1,307 (80.78%) Test Automation
2 1,087 (67.18%) Agile Software Development
3 829 (51.24%) Java
4 666 (41.16%) Cucumber
5 504 (31.15%) Jenkins
6 498 (30.78%) JIRA
7 471 (29.11%) BDD
8 468 (28.92%) Scrum
9 460 (28.43%) C#
10 455 (28.12%) Git (software)
11 452 (27.94%) Continuous Integration
12 419 (25.90%) QA
13 412 (25.46%) JavaScript
14 381 (23.55%) SQL
15 363 (22.44%) TDD
16 325 (20.09%) WebDriver
17 311 (19.22%) DevOps
18 273 (16.87%) CSS
19 269 (16.63%) HTML
20 267 (16.50%) .NET
21 255 (15.76%) API Testing
22 254 (15.70%) Confluence
23 247 (15.27%) Docker
24 241 (14.89%) SoapUI
25 233 (14.40%) Linux
26 230 (14.22%) Python
27 225 (13.91%) JMeter
28 224 (13.84%) Gherkin
29 221 (13.66%) Microsoft Azure
30 218 (13.47%) Web Services

Selenium
Co-occurring IT Skills in the UK excluding London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 254 (15.70%) Confluence
2 87 (5.38%) Tomcat
3 59 (3.65%) JBoss
4 48 (2.97%) nginx
4 48 (2.97%) WebLogic
5 42 (2.60%) Apache
6 38 (2.35%) SharePoint
7 37 (2.29%) Cloud Foundry
8 29 (1.79%) CMS
9 21 (1.30%) Elasticsearch
10 18 (1.11%) WebSphere
11 16 (0.99%) Documentum
12 13 (0.80%) Apache Spark
13 12 (0.74%) OpenStack
14 11 (0.68%) Umbraco
15 10 (0.62%) BizTalk Server
15 10 (0.62%) Drupal
15 10 (0.62%) IIS
15 10 (0.62%) Jetty
15 10 (0.62%) Mule
Applications
1 15 (0.93%) Microsoft Excel
2 6 (0.37%) Microsoft Office
3 4 (0.25%) Fireworks
3 4 (0.25%) Photoshop
4 2 (0.12%) Microsoft Project
4 2 (0.12%) MS Visio
5 1 (0.062%) Chatbot
5 1 (0.062%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 1 (0.062%) Open Workbench
Business Applications
1 27 (1.67%) Dynamics CRM
2 5 (0.31%) SAP FI-CA
2 5 (0.31%) SAP Hybris
2 5 (0.31%) SAP PSCD
3 3 (0.19%) Oracle Cash Management
3 3 (0.19%) SAP ERP
4 1 (0.062%) Magento
Cloud Services
1 221 (13.66%) Microsoft Azure
2 172 (10.63%) Amazon AWS
3 113 (6.98%) GitHub
4 59 (3.65%) Google Analytics
5 49 (3.03%) BrowserStack
6 27 (1.67%) npm
7 26 (1.61%) PaaS
8 25 (1.55%) OpenShift
9 24 (1.48%) Amazon EC2
9 24 (1.48%) Dynamics 365
9 24 (1.48%) Google Cloud Platform
10 23 (1.42%) Sauce Labs
11 22 (1.36%) IaaS
12 19 (1.17%) NuGet
13 18 (1.11%) Cloud Computing
14 17 (1.05%) SaaS
14 17 (1.05%) Slack
15 12 (0.74%) AWS CloudFormation
15 12 (0.74%) Office 365
16 11 (0.68%) Apigee
Communications & Networking
1 92 (5.69%) HTTP
2 56 (3.46%) TCP/IP
3 52 (3.21%) SSL
4 27 (1.67%) Internet
5 16 (0.99%) Firewall
6 13 (0.80%) AMQP
7 10 (0.62%) Skype
7 10 (0.62%) VPN
8 8 (0.49%) PuTTY
8 8 (0.49%) WinSCP
9 3 (0.19%) SMS
10 2 (0.12%) FIX Connectivity
10 2 (0.12%) HTTPS
10 2 (0.12%) SSH
11 1 (0.062%) DNS
11 1 (0.062%) DSL
11 1 (0.062%) OpenLDAP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 162 (10.01%) SQL Server
2 152 (9.39%) MongoDB
3 111 (6.86%) NoSQL
4 97 (6.00%) MySQL
5 93 (5.75%) PostgreSQL
6 52 (3.21%) Relational Database
7 41 (2.53%) Redis
8 31 (1.92%) Hadoop
8 31 (1.92%) Oracle Database
9 30 (1.85%) Amazon RDS
10 19 (1.17%) Couchbase
10 19 (1.17%) RDBMS
11 18 (1.11%) Apache Cassandra
12 17 (1.05%) SQL Server 2012
12 17 (1.05%) SQL Server 2016
13 14 (0.87%) Oracle Database 11g
14 13 (0.80%) Azure SQL Database
14 13 (0.80%) Data Warehouse
15 12 (0.74%) Riak
16 11 (0.68%) NuoDB
Development Applications
1 666 (41.16%) Cucumber
2 504 (31.15%) Jenkins
3 498 (30.78%) JIRA
4 455 (28.12%) Git (software)
5 325 (20.09%) WebDriver
6 241 (14.89%) SoapUI
7 225 (13.91%) JMeter
8 194 (11.99%) JUnit
9 182 (11.25%) SpecFlow
10 144 (8.90%) Maven
11 112 (6.92%) Gatling
12 104 (6.43%) Bitbucket
12 104 (6.43%) Subversion
13 90 (5.56%) Ant
14 89 (5.50%) Team Foundation Server
15 86 (5.32%) HP UFT
15 86 (5.32%) IntelliJ
15 86 (5.32%) Visual Studio Team System
16 78 (4.82%) Visual Studio
17 76 (4.70%) Protractor
General
1 176 (10.88%) Finance
2 50 (3.09%) Banking
3 37 (2.29%) Retail
4 25 (1.55%) Marketing
5 18 (1.11%) Back Office
6 17 (1.05%) Manufacturing
7 16 (0.99%) Telecoms
8 14 (0.87%) Advertising
9 12 (0.74%) Electronics
10 7 (0.43%) Law
11 5 (0.31%) Games
11 5 (0.31%) Publishing
12 4 (0.25%) Legal
13 3 (0.19%) Automotive
13 3 (0.19%) Investment Banking
14 2 (0.12%) Corporate Banking
14 2 (0.12%) Pharmaceutical
15 1 (0.062%) Financial Institution
15 1 (0.062%) Military
15 1 (0.062%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 419 (25.90%) Developer
2 413 (25.53%) Tester
3 317 (19.59%) Analyst
4 313 (19.34%) Automation Tester
5 302 (18.67%) Test Analyst
6 202 (12.48%) Test Engineer
7 179 (11.06%) Automation Test Analyst
8 129 (7.97%) Test Automation Engineer
9 128 (7.91%) Java Developer
10 104 (6.43%) Selenium Tester
11 98 (6.06%) Selenium Automation Tester
12 69 (4.26%) Developer in Test
13 67 (4.14%) Selenium Test Analyst
14 64 (3.96%) QA Tester
15 61 (3.77%) QA Engineer
16 59 (3.65%) DevOps Engineer
16 59 (3.65%) QA Analyst
17 58 (3.58%) Java Automation Tester
18 51 (3.15%) .NET Developer
19 50 (3.09%) Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 273 (16.87%) CSS
2 269 (16.63%) HTML
3 267 (16.50%) .NET
4 224 (13.84%) Gherkin
5 218 (13.47%) Web Services
6 214 (13.23%) SOAP
7 211 (13.04%) REST
8 200 (12.36%) AngularJS
9 171 (10.57%) Node.js
10 160 (9.89%) XML
11 153 (9.46%) JSON
12 148 (9.15%) HTML5
13 147 (9.09%) Spring
14 140 (8.65%) RESTful
15 106 (6.55%) jQuery
16 77 (4.76%) Hibernate
17 75 (4.64%) React
18 73 (4.51%) ASP.NET
19 71 (4.39%) .NET Framework
20 65 (4.02%) Spring Boot
Miscellaneous
1 119 (7.35%) Analytical Skills
2 55 (3.40%) Self-Motivation
3 47 (2.90%) Mobile App
4 46 (2.84%) Computer Science
5 45 (2.78%) User Experience
6 41 (2.53%) Greenfield Project
7 20 (1.24%) Linux Command Line
8 18 (1.11%) Enterprise Software
9 13 (0.80%) Fintech
10 10 (0.62%) Client/Server
11 9 (0.56%) Fat Client
11 9 (0.56%) NHS
11 9 (0.56%) Public Cloud
11 9 (0.56%) Thin Client
12 8 (0.49%) Data Structures
13 6 (0.37%) Algorithms
13 6 (0.37%) Replication
13 6 (0.37%) Virtual Team
14 5 (0.31%) Clustering
14 5 (0.31%) Management Information System
Operating Systems
1 233 (14.40%) Linux
2 184 (11.37%) Windows
3 95 (5.87%) Unix
4 53 (3.28%) Ubuntu
5 41 (2.53%) Windows Server
6 31 (1.92%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 17 (1.05%) Apple iOS
7 17 (1.05%) VMS
8 16 (0.99%) Android
9 15 (0.93%) Windows Server 2003
10 12 (0.74%) Mac OS X
10 12 (0.74%) Windows Server 2012
11 9 (0.56%) Mac OS
11 9 (0.56%) Solaris
12 7 (0.43%) Windows Server 2008
13 6 (0.37%) CentOS
14 1 (0.062%) AIX
14 1 (0.062%) Windows 10
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,307 (80.78%) Test Automation
2 1,087 (67.18%) Agile Software Development
3 471 (29.11%) BDD
4 468 (28.92%) Scrum
5 452 (27.94%) Continuous Integration
6 363 (22.44%) TDD
7 311 (19.22%) DevOps
8 255 (15.76%) API Testing
9 203 (12.55%) Microservices
10 198 (12.24%) Test Scripting
11 176 (10.88%) Test Strategy
12 171 (10.57%) Kanban
13 153 (9.46%) Open Source
13 153 (9.46%) Performance Testing
14 152 (9.39%) Problem-Solving
15 146 (9.02%) Regression Testing
15 146 (9.02%) SDLC
16 130 (8.03%) Continuous Delivery
16 130 (8.03%) Integration Testing
17 128 (7.91%) Software Engineering
Programming Languages
1 829 (51.24%) Java
2 460 (28.43%) C#
3 412 (25.46%) JavaScript
4 381 (23.55%) SQL
5 230 (14.22%) Python
6 129 (7.97%) Ruby
7 127 (7.85%) Scala
8 126 (7.79%) Groovy
9 60 (3.71%) PHP
10 57 (3.52%) Perl
11 50 (3.09%) Bash Shell
12 44 (2.72%) Haskell
13 43 (2.66%) Java 8
14 35 (2.16%) C
15 31 (1.92%) PowerShell
16 29 (1.79%) C++
17 26 (1.61%) PL/SQL
17 26 (1.61%) VBScript
18 25 (1.55%) TypeScript
19 19 (1.17%) VB
Qualifications
1 138 (8.53%) ISTQB
2 125 (7.73%) Security Cleared
3 121 (7.48%) ISEB
4 87 (5.38%) SC Cleared
5 58 (3.58%) Degree
6 50 (3.09%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
7 31 (1.92%) BPSS Clearance
8 27 (1.67%) Computer Science Degree
9 22 (1.36%) DV Cleared
10 12 (0.74%) DBS Check
11 9 (0.56%) ISEB Practitioner
12 7 (0.43%) CCNA
12 7 (0.43%) Cisco Certification
13 6 (0.37%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
14 5 (0.31%) Master's Degree
15 4 (0.25%) Microsoft Certification
16 3 (0.19%) BC Cleared
16 3 (0.19%) MCSE
17 2 (0.12%) CISSP
17 2 (0.12%) SSCP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 419 (25.90%) QA
2 16 (0.99%) WCAG
3 10 (0.62%) Data Quality
3 10 (0.62%) PMO
4 6 (0.37%) Disclosure Scotland
5 5 (0.31%) GDPR
6 1 (0.062%) ISO 9001
6 1 (0.062%) ISO/IEC 27001
System Software
1 247 (15.27%) Docker
2 23 (1.42%) Virtual Machines
3 16 (0.99%) VMware Infrastructure
4 11 (0.68%) vSphere
5 7 (0.43%) Active Directory
5 7 (0.43%) HDFS
6 6 (0.37%) LXC
7 2 (0.12%) Hyper-V
7 2 (0.12%) Virtual Servers
7 2 (0.12%) VirtualBox
8 1 (0.062%) ACF2
8 1 (0.062%) Apache Flume
8 1 (0.062%) RACF
Systems Management
1 151 (9.33%) Puppet
2 82 (5.07%) Ansible
3 76 (4.70%) Kibana
4 70 (4.33%) Opscode Chef
5 67 (4.14%) Grafana
6 52 (3.21%) Kubernetes
7 42 (2.60%) Terraform
8 31 (1.92%) HP Quality Center
9 24 (1.48%) HP ALM
10 19 (1.17%) Graphite
11 11 (0.68%) Packer
11 11 (0.68%) ZABBIX
12 10 (0.62%) Cobbler
13 9 (0.56%) logstash
13 9 (0.56%) OpenView
13 9 (0.56%) SCOM
13 9 (0.56%) WMI
14 4 (0.25%) CA Service Virtualization
14 4 (0.25%) Nagios
15 3 (0.19%) vRealize
Vendors
1 176 (10.88%) Microsoft
2 170 (10.51%) Oracle
3 101 (6.24%) Google
4 68 (4.20%) Atlassian
5 61 (3.77%) HP
6 42 (2.60%) IBM
6 42 (2.60%) webMethods
7 38 (2.35%) Adobe
8 35 (2.16%) Red Hat
9 29 (1.79%) SAP
10 28 (1.73%) Splunk
11 24 (1.48%) VMware
12 20 (1.24%) Zend
13 19 (1.17%) CA Agile Central
14 16 (0.99%) Pega
15 13 (0.80%) AppDynamics
15 13 (0.80%) Software AG
16 12 (0.74%) hybris
16 12 (0.74%) MuleSoft
17 11 (0.68%) TIBCO