Period
to 12 December 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the UK excluding London with a requirement for Selenium skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Selenium over the 6 months to 12 December 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Selenium
UK > UK excluding London
6 months to
12 Dec 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 77 129 105
Rank change year-on-year +52 -24 +30
Contract jobs citing Selenium 1,688 1,077 1,290
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK excluding London 3.01% 2.01% 2.29%
As % of the Development Applications category 14.82% 11.42% 14.62%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,061 683 765
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £380 £388
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.26% -1.94% +4.73%
10th Percentile £300 £267 £275
90th Percentile £513 £500 £508
UK median daily rate £438 £425 £410
% change year-on-year +2.94% +3.66% +2.50%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2 5 19
UK excluding London median hourly rate £27.50 £47.50 £52.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -42.11% -8.65% +9.47%
10th Percentile £22.25 £26.30 £38.65
90th Percentile £32.75 £56.00 £59.31
UK median hourly rate £35.50 £47.50 £52.00
% change year-on-year -25.26% -8.65% +4.00%

Selenium is in the Development Applications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the UK excluding London with a requirement for development application skills.

All Development Application Skills
UK excluding London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for development application skills 11,389 9,427 8,822
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK excluding London 20.33% 17.58% 15.64%
Number of daily rates quoted 7,231 6,035 5,577
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £413 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +3.03% +3.13% +6.67%
10th Percentile £313 £300 £281
90th Percentile £575 £550 £525
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £425
% change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 194 244 227
UK excluding London median hourly rate £42.50 £42.50 £41.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - +3.66% +2.50%
10th Percentile £30.73 £29.15 £24.00
90th Percentile £53.75 £60.70 £53.75
UK median hourly rate £42.50 £42.50 £41.00
% change year-on-year - +3.66% +2.50%

Selenium
Job Vacancy Trend in the UK excluding London

Job postings citing Selenium as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in the UK excluding London.

Job vacancy trend for Selenium in the UK excluding London

Selenium
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the UK excluding London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Selenium in the UK excluding London.

Contractor daily rate trend for Selenium in the UK excluding London

Selenium
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in the UK excluding London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Selenium in the UK excluding London over the 6 months to 12 December 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Selenium in the UK excluding London

Selenium
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the UK excluding London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Selenium in the UK excluding London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Selenium in the UK excluding London

Selenium
Contract Job Locations in the UK excluding London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Selenium within the UK excluding London region over the 6 months to 12 December 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
South East +29 447 £410 +2.50% 98
North of England +42 413 £403 +7.40% 125
Midlands +57 296 £405 +4.52% 66
North West +56 219 £425 +14.86% 66
West Midlands +68 213 £408 +8.67% 38
South West +14 207 £413 +10.00% 80
Yorkshire +2 142 £375 - 41
Scotland +1 111 £364 -3.00% 36
East of England +13 109 £380 -3.49% 40
East Midlands +13 82 £400 - 28
Wales +39 73 £369 +3.15% 12
North East +10 53 £375 -11.76% 18
Northern Ireland +40 32 £315 +14.55%
South Coast - 3 - -
Selenium
UK

For the 6 months to 12 December 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Selenium also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the UK excluding London region with a requirement for Selenium.

1 1,357 (80.39%) Test Automation
2 1,150 (68.13%) Agile Software Development
3 845 (50.06%) Java
4 692 (41.00%) Cucumber
5 556 (32.94%) Jenkins
6 541 (32.05%) JIRA
7 503 (29.80%) BDD
8 493 (29.21%) Git (software)
8 493 (29.21%) Continuous Integration
9 487 (28.85%) C#
10 477 (28.26%) Scrum
11 459 (27.19%) JavaScript
12 437 (25.89%) SQL
13 430 (25.47%) QA
14 368 (21.80%) TDD
15 362 (21.45%) WebDriver
16 338 (20.02%) DevOps
17 309 (18.31%) CSS
18 298 (17.65%) HTML
19 297 (17.59%) Confluence
20 294 (17.42%) JMeter
21 291 (17.24%) Docker
22 274 (16.23%) .NET
23 256 (15.17%) SoapUI
23 256 (15.17%) Gherkin
24 240 (14.22%) REST
24 240 (14.22%) Microservices
24 240 (14.22%) Python
25 239 (14.16%) API Testing
26 233 (13.80%) Linux

Selenium
Co-occurring IT Skills in the UK excluding London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 297 (17.59%) Confluence
2 82 (4.86%) Tomcat
3 60 (3.55%) WebLogic
4 58 (3.44%) JBoss
5 57 (3.38%) nginx
6 56 (3.32%) Apache
7 40 (2.37%) SharePoint
8 35 (2.07%) Cloud Foundry
8 35 (2.07%) CMS
9 29 (1.72%) Documentum
10 23 (1.36%) Elasticsearch
11 18 (1.07%) WebSphere
12 17 (1.01%) BizTalk Server
13 14 (0.83%) Umbraco
14 13 (0.77%) OpenStack
15 12 (0.71%) Mule
16 10 (0.59%) Drupal
16 10 (0.59%) IIS
17 9 (0.53%) Apache Spark
18 8 (0.47%) Adobe Experience Manager
Applications
1 17 (1.01%) Microsoft Excel
2 6 (0.36%) Microsoft Office
3 4 (0.24%) Fireworks
3 4 (0.24%) Photoshop
4 3 (0.18%) MS Visio
5 2 (0.12%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 2 (0.12%) Microsoft Project
6 1 (0.059%) Open Workbench
Business Applications
1 39 (2.31%) Dynamics CRM
2 5 (0.30%) SAP FI-CA
2 5 (0.30%) SAP Hybris
2 5 (0.30%) SAP PSCD
3 3 (0.18%) Oracle Cash Management
3 3 (0.18%) SAP ERP
4 2 (0.12%) Magento
4 2 (0.12%) Sentinel
5 1 (0.059%) Sonata
Cloud Services
1 225 (13.33%) Microsoft Azure
2 170 (10.07%) Amazon AWS
3 154 (9.12%) GitHub
4 68 (4.03%) Google Analytics
5 50 (2.96%) BrowserStack
6 29 (1.72%) Cloud Computing
6 29 (1.72%) Slack
7 27 (1.60%) PaaS
8 26 (1.54%) OpenShift
9 24 (1.42%) IaaS
9 24 (1.42%) npm
10 23 (1.36%) Amazon EC2
11 22 (1.30%) Dynamics 365
12 19 (1.13%) Google Cloud Platform
12 19 (1.13%) SaaS
13 18 (1.07%) NuGet
13 18 (1.07%) Sauce Labs
14 11 (0.65%) Tricentis Tosca
15 10 (0.59%) Apigee
15 10 (0.59%) Serverless
Communications & Networking
1 99 (5.86%) HTTP
2 64 (3.79%) TCP/IP
3 61 (3.61%) SSL
4 35 (2.07%) Internet
5 17 (1.01%) Firewall
6 12 (0.71%) AMQP
6 12 (0.71%) VPN
7 11 (0.65%) Skype
8 3 (0.18%) DSL
8 3 (0.18%) PuTTY
8 3 (0.18%) SMS
8 3 (0.18%) WinSCP
9 2 (0.12%) DNS
9 2 (0.12%) HTTPS
9 2 (0.12%) SSH
10 1 (0.059%) BIG-IP
10 1 (0.059%) OpenLDAP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 159 (9.42%) MongoDB
2 153 (9.06%) SQL Server
3 118 (6.99%) NoSQL
4 104 (6.16%) PostgreSQL
5 91 (5.39%) MySQL
6 56 (3.32%) Relational Database
7 35 (2.07%) Amazon RDS
8 34 (2.01%) Redis
9 24 (1.42%) Hadoop
10 21 (1.24%) RDBMS
11 20 (1.18%) Oracle Database
12 19 (1.13%) Cloudant
12 19 (1.13%) Pentaho
13 15 (0.89%) Impala
14 14 (0.83%) Couchbase
14 14 (0.83%) Data Warehouse
15 12 (0.71%) Azure SQL Database
15 12 (0.71%) NuoDB
16 9 (0.53%) Apache Cassandra
16 9 (0.53%) Riak
Development Applications
1 692 (41.00%) Cucumber
2 556 (32.94%) Jenkins
3 541 (32.05%) JIRA
4 493 (29.21%) Git (software)
5 362 (21.45%) WebDriver
6 294 (17.42%) JMeter
7 256 (15.17%) SoapUI
8 222 (13.15%) JUnit
9 166 (9.83%) Maven
10 152 (9.00%) SpecFlow
11 137 (8.12%) Gatling
12 106 (6.28%) Bitbucket
13 105 (6.22%) Visual Studio Team System
14 96 (5.69%) Team Foundation Server
15 93 (5.51%) IntelliJ
16 87 (5.15%) Visual Studio
17 86 (5.09%) gulp
18 85 (5.04%) Subversion
19 83 (4.92%) Ant
19 83 (4.92%) HP UFT
General
1 185 (10.96%) Finance
2 56 (3.32%) Banking
3 40 (2.37%) Retail
4 31 (1.84%) Marketing
5 23 (1.36%) Back Office
6 21 (1.24%) Manufacturing
7 20 (1.18%) Telecoms
8 16 (0.95%) Electronics
9 13 (0.77%) Advertising
10 9 (0.53%) Games
11 8 (0.47%) Law
12 5 (0.30%) Investment Banking
13 4 (0.24%) Legal
14 3 (0.18%) Publishing
15 2 (0.12%) Automotive
15 2 (0.12%) Corporate Banking
16 1 (0.059%) Financial Institution
16 1 (0.059%) Military
16 1 (0.059%) Pharmaceutical
16 1 (0.059%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 449 (26.60%) Tester
2 447 (26.48%) Developer
3 337 (19.96%) Automation Tester
4 313 (18.54%) Analyst
5 296 (17.54%) Test Analyst
6 225 (13.33%) Test Engineer
7 161 (9.54%) Automation Test Analyst
8 135 (8.00%) Test Automation Engineer
9 131 (7.76%) Selenium Tester
10 125 (7.41%) Java Developer
11 124 (7.35%) Selenium Automation Tester
12 83 (4.92%) QA Tester
13 81 (4.80%) Developer in Test
14 70 (4.15%) Java Automation Tester
15 63 (3.73%) DevOps Engineer
16 57 (3.38%) Agile Tester
17 56 (3.32%) QA Engineer
18 53 (3.14%) .NET Developer
19 52 (3.08%) QA Analyst
19 52 (3.08%) Selenium Test Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 309 (18.31%) CSS
2 298 (17.65%) HTML
3 274 (16.23%) .NET
4 256 (15.17%) Gherkin
5 240 (14.22%) REST
6 229 (13.57%) SOAP
7 216 (12.80%) AngularJS
8 210 (12.44%) Web Services
9 171 (10.13%) HTML5
10 170 (10.07%) XML
11 168 (9.95%) Node.js
12 155 (9.18%) Spring
13 154 (9.12%) JSON
14 134 (7.94%) RESTful
15 110 (6.52%) jQuery
16 86 (5.09%) Hibernate
17 81 (4.80%) React
18 76 (4.50%) J2EE
19 74 (4.38%) .NET Framework
20 70 (4.15%) ASP.NET
Miscellaneous
1 133 (7.88%) Analytical Skills
2 57 (3.38%) Self-Motivation
3 48 (2.84%) User Experience
4 43 (2.55%) Greenfield Project
5 32 (1.90%) Mobile App
6 20 (1.18%) Client/Server
7 18 (1.07%) Enterprise Software
8 16 (0.95%) Fintech
9 15 (0.89%) Linux Command Line
10 11 (0.65%) NHS
11 10 (0.59%) Virtual Team
12 8 (0.47%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
13 7 (0.41%) Public Cloud
14 6 (0.36%) Algorithms
14 6 (0.36%) Clustering
14 6 (0.36%) Data Structures
14 6 (0.36%) Management Information System
14 6 (0.36%) Replication
15 5 (0.30%) Mainframe
15 5 (0.30%) N-Tier
Operating Systems
1 233 (13.80%) Linux
2 184 (10.90%) Windows
3 126 (7.46%) Unix
4 64 (3.79%) Ubuntu
5 22 (1.30%) Windows Server
6 20 (1.18%) Apple iOS
7 18 (1.07%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 15 (0.89%) VMS
9 13 (0.77%) Android
10 10 (0.59%) Mac OS
10 10 (0.59%) Mac OS X
11 8 (0.47%) Windows Server 2003
12 7 (0.41%) Solaris
13 6 (0.36%) Windows Server 2012
14 5 (0.30%) CentOS
14 5 (0.30%) Embedded Linux
15 4 (0.24%) Windows Server 2008
16 1 (0.059%) Windows 10
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,357 (80.39%) Test Automation
2 1,150 (68.13%) Agile Software Development
3 503 (29.80%) BDD
4 493 (29.21%) Continuous Integration
5 477 (28.26%) Scrum
6 368 (21.80%) TDD
7 338 (20.02%) DevOps
8 240 (14.22%) Microservices
9 239 (14.16%) API Testing
10 204 (12.09%) Test Scripting
11 181 (10.72%) Test Strategy
12 176 (10.43%) Performance Testing
13 162 (9.60%) Integration Testing
14 158 (9.36%) Kanban
14 158 (9.36%) Regression Testing
15 157 (9.30%) OO
16 155 (9.18%) Open Source
16 155 (9.18%) Problem-Solving
17 150 (8.89%) Manual Testing
18 148 (8.77%) Continuous Delivery
Programming Languages
1 845 (50.06%) Java
2 487 (28.85%) C#
3 459 (27.19%) JavaScript
4 437 (25.89%) SQL
5 240 (14.22%) Python
6 127 (7.52%) Ruby
7 126 (7.46%) Groovy
8 124 (7.35%) Scala
9 65 (3.85%) Perl
10 57 (3.38%) PHP
11 52 (3.08%) Haskell
12 50 (2.96%) Java 8
13 47 (2.78%) Bash Shell
14 32 (1.90%) C++
15 29 (1.72%) PL/SQL
16 28 (1.66%) PowerShell
16 28 (1.66%) TypeScript
17 27 (1.60%) VBScript
18 26 (1.54%) C
19 21 (1.24%) ES6
Qualifications
1 140 (8.29%) ISTQB
2 128 (7.58%) ISEB
3 122 (7.23%) Security Cleared
4 87 (5.15%) SC Cleared
5 62 (3.67%) Degree
6 50 (2.96%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
7 37 (2.19%) BPSS Clearance
8 32 (1.90%) Computer Science Degree
9 22 (1.30%) DV Cleared
10 15 (0.89%) DBS Check
11 6 (0.36%) CCNA
11 6 (0.36%) Cisco Certification
11 6 (0.36%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
12 5 (0.30%) Master's Degree
13 3 (0.18%) BC Cleared
13 3 (0.18%) ISEB Practitioner
13 3 (0.18%) MCSE
13 3 (0.18%) Microsoft Certification
14 2 (0.12%) CISSP
14 2 (0.12%) SSCP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 430 (25.47%) QA
2 26 (1.54%) WCAG
3 20 (1.18%) Data Quality
4 11 (0.65%) Disclosure Scotland
5 10 (0.59%) PMO
6 3 (0.18%) GDPR
7 1 (0.059%) ISO 9001
7 1 (0.059%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 1 (0.059%) SLA
System Software
1 291 (17.24%) Docker
2 14 (0.83%) Virtual Machines
3 9 (0.53%) Active Directory
3 9 (0.53%) VMware Infrastructure
4 6 (0.36%) vSphere
5 3 (0.18%) LXC
5 3 (0.18%) Virtual Servers
6 2 (0.12%) Hyper-V
7 1 (0.059%) ACF2
7 1 (0.059%) Apache Flume
7 1 (0.059%) HDFS
7 1 (0.059%) RACF
7 1 (0.059%) VirtualBox
Systems Management
1 165 (9.77%) Puppet
2 85 (5.04%) Ansible
3 84 (4.98%) Kibana
4 77 (4.56%) Grafana
5 73 (4.32%) Kubernetes
6 56 (3.32%) Opscode Chef
7 36 (2.13%) Terraform
8 27 (1.60%) HP ALM
9 21 (1.24%) Graphite
10 18 (1.07%) HP Quality Center
11 10 (0.59%) logstash
12 9 (0.53%) Nagios
12 9 (0.53%) Nessus
12 9 (0.53%) WMI
13 8 (0.47%) Cobbler
13 8 (0.47%) ZABBIX
14 7 (0.41%) Packer
15 6 (0.36%) OpenView
15 6 (0.36%) SCOM
16 5 (0.30%) CA Service Virtualization
Vendors
1 204 (12.09%) Microsoft
2 170 (10.07%) Oracle
3 104 (6.16%) Google
4 82 (4.86%) Atlassian
5 44 (2.61%) Adobe
5 44 (2.61%) HP
5 44 (2.61%) webMethods
6 39 (2.31%) IBM
7 33 (1.95%) SAP
8 29 (1.72%) Pega
9 26 (1.54%) Red Hat
10 23 (1.36%) Splunk
11 19 (1.13%) CA Agile Central
12 16 (0.95%) hybris
13 15 (0.89%) Zend
14 11 (0.65%) VMware
15 9 (0.53%) Micro Focus
15 9 (0.53%) ServiceNow
15 9 (0.53%) TIBCO
16 8 (0.47%) AppDynamics