Period
to 21 May 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the UK excluding London with a requirement for Selenium skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Selenium over the 6 months to 21 May 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Selenium
UK > UK excluding London
6 months to
21 May 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 97 95 92
Rank change year-on-year -2 -3 +47
Contract jobs citing Selenium 1,156 1,319 1,197
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK excluding London 2.38% 2.49% 2.46%
As % of the Development Applications category 11.92% 13.31% 14.90%
Number of daily rates quoted 745 845 721
UK excluding London median daily rate £420 £400 £365
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.00% +9.59% +4.29%
10th Percentile £300 £300 £263
90th Percentile £514 £538 £500
UK median daily rate £438 £425 £403
% change year-on-year +2.94% +5.59% +7.33%
Number of hourly rates quoted 6 9 13
UK excluding London median hourly rate £37.25 £45.00 £50.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -17.22% -10.00% +16.56%
10th Percentile £33.25 £12.71 £36.37
90th Percentile £47.71 £52.50 £74.34
UK median hourly rate £35.25 £45.00 £50.00
% change year-on-year -21.67% -10.00% +16.56%

Selenium is in the Development Applications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the UK excluding London with a requirement for development application skills.

All Development Application Skills
UK excluding London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for development application skills 9,696 9,908 8,035
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK excluding London 19.95% 18.71% 16.52%
Number of daily rates quoted 6,153 6,309 5,071
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £425 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.88% +6.25% +6.67%
10th Percentile £313 £305 £275
90th Percentile £585 £569 £538
UK median daily rate £475 £475 £425
% change year-on-year - +11.76% +1.19%
Number of hourly rates quoted 224 178 276
UK excluding London median hourly rate £43.75 £42.50 £42.25
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +2.94% +0.59% +0.60%
10th Percentile £22.08 £28.35 £22.50
90th Percentile £52.50 £62.08 £56.00
UK median hourly rate £43.00 £42.50 £42.50
% change year-on-year +1.18% - +0.12%

Selenium
Job Vacancy Trend in the UK excluding London

Job postings citing Selenium as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in the UK excluding London.

Job vacancy trend for Selenium in the UK excluding London

Selenium
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the UK excluding London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Selenium in the UK excluding London.

Contractor daily rate trend for Selenium in the UK excluding London

Selenium
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in the UK excluding London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Selenium in the UK excluding London over the 6 months to 21 May 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Selenium in the UK excluding London

Selenium
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the UK excluding London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Selenium in the UK excluding London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Selenium in the UK excluding London

Selenium
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in the UK excluding London

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Selenium in the UK excluding London over the 6 months to 21 May 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Selenium in the UK excluding London

Selenium
Contract Job Locations in the UK excluding London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Selenium within the UK excluding London region over the 6 months to 21 May 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
South East 0 367 £441 +10.25% 34
North of England +13 296 £375 - 37
South West +6 159 £425 +6.25% 23
Midlands -10 159 £400 -3.03% 27
North West +20 132 £425 +3.66% 16
West Midlands -5 119 £420 -1.18% 18
North East +50 87 £350 -12.50% 9
East of England -4 78 £350 -22.22% 11
Yorkshire -37 77 £350 - 12
Scotland -12 71 £400 - 8
East Midlands -2 37 £355 -12.35% 9
Wales -25 22 £425 +14.09% 3
Northern Ireland +13 8 £315 -7.35% 1
Selenium
UK

For the 6 months to 21 May 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Selenium also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the UK excluding London region with a requirement for Selenium.

1 951 (82.27%) Test Automation
2 697 (60.29%) Agile Software Development
3 554 (47.92%) Java
4 547 (47.32%) Cucumber
5 379 (32.79%) Jenkins
6 371 (32.09%) JIRA
7 321 (27.77%) BDD
8 310 (26.82%) Scrum
8 310 (26.82%) SQL
9 301 (26.04%) JavaScript
10 286 (24.74%) Continuous Integration
11 264 (22.84%) C#
12 261 (22.58%) Git (software)
13 260 (22.49%) WebDriver
14 238 (20.59%) QA
15 235 (20.33%) TDD
16 233 (20.16%) DevOps
17 202 (17.47%) JMeter
18 196 (16.96%) Confluence
19 181 (15.66%) Test Scripting
19 181 (15.66%) SoapUI
20 171 (14.79%) Web Services
21 162 (14.01%) Gherkin
22 158 (13.67%) Python
23 153 (13.24%) Docker
24 151 (13.06%) SOAP
25 140 (12.11%) REST
26 136 (11.76%) Performance Testing
27 135 (11.68%) .NET
28 133 (11.51%) Oracle

Selenium
Co-occurring IT Skills in the UK excluding London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 196 (16.96%) Confluence
2 46 (3.98%) Tomcat
3 41 (3.55%) WebLogic
4 34 (2.94%) JBoss
5 33 (2.85%) Documentum
6 30 (2.60%) Apache
7 24 (2.08%) nginx
8 21 (1.82%) WebSphere
9 14 (1.21%) SharePoint
10 13 (1.12%) CMS
11 11 (0.95%) Cloud Foundry
11 11 (0.95%) Mule
12 10 (0.87%) Adobe Experience Manager
12 10 (0.87%) BizTalk Server
13 9 (0.78%) Apache Spark
13 9 (0.78%) Oracle Workflow
14 8 (0.69%) MQSeries
15 7 (0.61%) Elasticsearch
15 7 (0.61%) IIS
16 6 (0.52%) Apache Solr
Applications
1 23 (1.99%) Microsoft Excel
2 8 (0.69%) Microsoft Office
3 3 (0.26%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 2 (0.17%) Microsoft Project
5 1 (0.087%) Adobe XD
5 1 (0.087%) InVision
5 1 (0.087%) Photoshop
5 1 (0.087%) Zeplin
Business Applications
1 15 (1.30%) Dynamics CRM
2 11 (0.95%) Magento
3 4 (0.35%) Fredhopper
3 4 (0.35%) Oracle BPM
3 4 (0.35%) SAP FI-CA
3 4 (0.35%) SAP Hybris
3 4 (0.35%) SAP PSCD
4 1 (0.087%) Dynamics NAV
4 1 (0.087%) Oracle Cash Management
4 1 (0.087%) Sentinel
Cloud Services
1 124 (10.73%) Microsoft Azure
2 90 (7.79%) GitHub
3 84 (7.27%) Amazon AWS
4 30 (2.60%) BrowserStack
5 26 (2.25%) Sauce Labs
6 20 (1.73%) Google Analytics
6 20 (1.73%) Google Cloud Platform
7 18 (1.56%) SaaS
8 15 (1.30%) Cloud Computing
8 15 (1.30%) Serverless
8 15 (1.30%) Slack
9 12 (1.04%) IaaS
9 12 (1.04%) PaaS
10 11 (0.95%) Amazon EC2
11 8 (0.69%) Amazon S3
11 8 (0.69%) npm
12 6 (0.52%) Amazon EMR
13 5 (0.43%) Azure Functions
13 5 (0.43%) OpenShift
13 5 (0.43%) TestFlight
Communications & Networking
1 34 (2.94%) HTTP
2 26 (2.25%) Internet
3 21 (1.82%) TCP/IP
4 20 (1.73%) SSL
5 9 (0.78%) DSL
6 6 (0.52%) SNMP
7 4 (0.35%) SSH
8 3 (0.26%) ATM
9 2 (0.17%) AMQP
9 2 (0.17%) MQTT
9 2 (0.17%) Skype
10 1 (0.087%) Cisco IOS
10 1 (0.087%) DNS
10 1 (0.087%) Firewall
10 1 (0.087%) MPLS
10 1 (0.087%) VPN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 98 (8.48%) SQL Server
2 63 (5.45%) MongoDB
3 46 (3.98%) MySQL
4 40 (3.46%) NoSQL
5 31 (2.68%) Relational Database
6 25 (2.16%) PostgreSQL
7 21 (1.82%) RDBMS
8 17 (1.47%) Big Data
8 17 (1.47%) DB2
8 17 (1.47%) Pentaho
9 13 (1.12%) Impala
10 12 (1.04%) Data Warehouse
10 12 (1.04%) Hadoop
10 12 (1.04%) MariaDB
11 11 (0.95%) Azure SQL Database
12 9 (0.78%) Oracle Database
13 8 (0.69%) Amazon RDS
13 8 (0.69%) Redis
13 8 (0.69%) SQL Server Integration Services
14 7 (0.61%) Oracle Reports
Development Applications
1 547 (47.32%) Cucumber
2 379 (32.79%) Jenkins
3 371 (32.09%) JIRA
4 261 (22.58%) Git (software)
5 260 (22.49%) WebDriver
6 202 (17.47%) JMeter
7 181 (15.66%) SoapUI
8 120 (10.38%) SpecFlow
9 117 (10.12%) JUnit
10 110 (9.52%) Maven
11 83 (7.18%) Visual Studio
12 65 (5.62%) Team Foundation Server
13 63 (5.45%) HP UFT
14 58 (5.02%) Gatling
15 56 (4.84%) Visual Studio Team System
16 54 (4.67%) LoadRunner
17 50 (4.33%) Eclipse
18 47 (4.07%) TeamCity
19 42 (3.63%) SonarQube
20 40 (3.46%) IntelliJ
General
1 126 (10.90%) Finance
2 64 (5.54%) Banking
3 38 (3.29%) Retail
4 14 (1.21%) Games
5 10 (0.87%) Back Office
6 9 (0.78%) Manufacturing
6 9 (0.78%) Telecoms
7 8 (0.69%) Automotive
8 7 (0.61%) Marketing
9 6 (0.52%) Retail Banking
10 5 (0.43%) Legal
11 4 (0.35%) Investment Banking
11 4 (0.35%) Law
11 4 (0.35%) Pharmaceutical
12 3 (0.26%) Advertising
12 3 (0.26%) Electronics
13 2 (0.17%) Aerospace
14 1 (0.087%) Financial Institution
14 1 (0.087%) Front Office
14 1 (0.087%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 327 (28.29%) Tester
2 276 (23.88%) Analyst
3 261 (22.58%) Test Analyst
4 237 (20.50%) Automation Tester
5 229 (19.81%) Developer
6 162 (14.01%) Test Engineer
7 126 (10.90%) Automation Test Analyst
8 95 (8.22%) Test Automation Engineer
9 69 (5.97%) Selenium Tester
10 64 (5.54%) Selenium Automation Tester
11 62 (5.36%) Java Developer
12 53 (4.58%) Developer in Test
12 53 (4.58%) QA Tester
13 45 (3.89%) Java Automation Tester
14 40 (3.46%) QA Engineer
15 37 (3.20%) Test Leader
16 35 (3.03%) QA Analyst
17 34 (2.94%) DevOps Engineer
18 33 (2.85%) Selenium Test Analyst
19 32 (2.77%) Test Automation Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 171 (14.79%) Web Services
2 162 (14.01%) Gherkin
3 151 (13.06%) SOAP
4 140 (12.11%) REST
5 135 (11.68%) .NET
6 126 (10.90%) AngularJS
7 124 (10.73%) HTML
8 118 (10.21%) CSS
9 108 (9.34%) Spring
10 96 (8.30%) XML
11 83 (7.18%) Node.js
11 83 (7.18%) RESTful
12 81 (7.01%) JSON
13 66 (5.71%) HTML5
14 54 (4.67%) jQuery
15 46 (3.98%) React
16 44 (3.81%) Hibernate
17 40 (3.46%) J2EE
17 40 (3.46%) Spring Boot
18 29 (2.51%) Servlets
Miscellaneous
1 93 (8.04%) Analytical Skills
2 31 (2.68%) Self-Motivation
3 30 (2.60%) Mobile App
4 27 (2.34%) User Experience
5 19 (1.64%) Client/Server
6 18 (1.56%) Virtual Team
7 16 (1.38%) Greenfield Project
7 16 (1.38%) NHS
8 15 (1.30%) Enterprise Software
9 13 (1.12%) Linux Command Line
10 9 (0.78%) Mainframe
11 6 (0.52%) Algorithms
11 6 (0.52%) Data Structures
11 6 (0.52%) Smart Meter
12 5 (0.43%) Fintech
12 5 (0.43%) Mobile Banking
12 5 (0.43%) W3C
13 3 (0.26%) Internet of Things
13 3 (0.26%) Smart City
14 2 (0.17%) Cloud Native
Operating Systems
1 107 (9.26%) Linux
2 104 (9.00%) Unix
3 80 (6.92%) Windows
4 21 (1.82%) Ubuntu
5 20 (1.73%) Apple iOS
6 17 (1.47%) Android
7 12 (1.04%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 7 (0.61%) Windows Server
9 6 (0.52%) Mac OS X
10 4 (0.35%) Embedded Linux
11 2 (0.17%) AIX
11 2 (0.17%) Mac OS
11 2 (0.17%) Solaris
12 1 (0.087%) MVS
12 1 (0.087%) Windows 10
12 1 (0.087%) zOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 951 (82.27%) Test Automation
2 697 (60.29%) Agile Software Development
3 321 (27.77%) BDD
4 310 (26.82%) Scrum
5 286 (24.74%) Continuous Integration
6 235 (20.33%) TDD
7 233 (20.16%) DevOps
8 181 (15.66%) Test Scripting
9 136 (11.76%) Performance Testing
10 126 (10.90%) Test Strategy
11 124 (10.73%) API Testing
12 119 (10.29%) Kanban
13 118 (10.21%) Manual Testing
14 115 (9.95%) Microservices
14 115 (9.95%) Problem-Solving
15 108 (9.34%) Integration Testing
16 105 (9.08%) Functional Testing
17 102 (8.82%) SDLC
18 96 (8.30%) SDET
19 94 (8.13%) Continuous Delivery
Programming Languages
1 554 (47.92%) Java
2 310 (26.82%) SQL
3 301 (26.04%) JavaScript
4 264 (22.84%) C#
5 158 (13.67%) Python
6 69 (5.97%) Scala
7 66 (5.71%) Groovy
8 59 (5.10%) Java 8
9 52 (4.50%) Ruby
10 35 (3.03%) Perl
11 31 (2.68%) PHP
12 26 (2.25%) Bash Shell
12 26 (2.25%) PowerShell
13 23 (1.99%) TypeScript
14 19 (1.64%) PL/SQL
15 18 (1.56%) C
15 18 (1.56%) ES6
16 17 (1.47%) Haskell
16 17 (1.47%) VBScript
17 15 (1.30%) Shell Script
Qualifications
1 133 (11.51%) ISTQB
2 111 (9.60%) ISEB
3 98 (8.48%) Security Cleared
4 65 (5.62%) SC Cleared
5 63 (5.45%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
6 33 (2.85%) Degree
7 30 (2.60%) BPSS Clearance
8 19 (1.64%) DV Cleared
9 12 (1.04%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
10 9 (0.78%) Computer Science Degree
11 6 (0.52%) DBS Check
12 5 (0.43%) ISEB Practitioner
13 2 (0.17%) AWS Certification
13 2 (0.17%) ITIL Certification
14 1 (0.087%) PRINCE2 Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 238 (20.59%) QA
2 13 (1.12%) Data Quality
3 8 (0.69%) WCAG
4 6 (0.52%) Disclosure Scotland
4 6 (0.52%) HL7
5 3 (0.26%) GDPR
6 2 (0.17%) SLA
7 1 (0.087%) ISO 9001
7 1 (0.087%) PMBOK
7 1 (0.087%) PMO
7 1 (0.087%) Section 508
System Software
1 153 (13.24%) Docker
2 11 (0.95%) Active Directory
3 6 (0.52%) HDFS
3 6 (0.52%) Virtual Machines
4 5 (0.43%) RACF
4 5 (0.43%) VirtualBox
5 4 (0.35%) Apache Flume
6 3 (0.26%) VMware Infrastructure
7 2 (0.17%) Hyper-V
7 2 (0.17%) vSphere
8 1 (0.087%) Firmware
8 1 (0.087%) Postfix
8 1 (0.087%) Time Sharing Option
8 1 (0.087%) Virtual Servers
Systems Management
1 64 (5.54%) Puppet
2 43 (3.72%) Ansible
3 40 (3.46%) Kubernetes
4 27 (2.34%) Opscode Chef
5 25 (2.16%) Grafana
5 25 (2.16%) Kibana
6 22 (1.90%) HP ALM
7 21 (1.82%) HP Quality Center
8 20 (1.73%) CA Service Virtualization
9 18 (1.56%) Terraform
10 9 (0.78%) Docker Swarm
11 6 (0.52%) Nagios
12 5 (0.43%) Hadoop YARN
12 5 (0.43%) Nessus
13 4 (0.35%) Rancher
13 4 (0.35%) WebInspect
14 3 (0.26%) Cobbler
14 3 (0.26%) Packer
15 2 (0.17%) Graphite
15 2 (0.17%) ZABBIX
Vendors
1 133 (11.51%) Oracle
2 108 (9.34%) Microsoft
3 73 (6.31%) Atlassian
4 50 (4.33%) HP
5 37 (3.20%) Google
6 35 (3.03%) Pega
7 23 (1.99%) Adobe
8 22 (1.90%) CA
8 22 (1.90%) hybris
8 22 (1.90%) SAP
8 22 (1.90%) webMethods
9 16 (1.38%) IBM
10 13 (1.12%) Splunk
11 11 (0.95%) Cypress Semiconductor
11 11 (0.95%) Guidewire
12 10 (0.87%) CA Agile Central
13 9 (0.78%) Red Hat
14 8 (0.69%) AppDynamics
15 7 (0.61%) Talend
16 6 (0.52%) Salesforce.com