Period
to 10 May 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Selenium skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Selenium over the 6 months to 10 May 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Selenium
UK
6 months to
10 May 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 199 140 111
Rank change year-on-year -59 -29 -4
Contract jobs citing Selenium 731 965 2,169
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 1.31% 1.86% 2.34%
As % of the Development Applications category 7.60% 10.52% 11.40%
Number of daily rates quoted 515 659 1,474
10th Percentile £322 £313 £313
25th Percentile £364 £363 £368
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £440 £427 £445
Median % change year-on-year +3.04% -4.04% +4.71%
75th Percentile £500 £521 £500
90th Percentile £586 £588 £565
UK excluding London median daily rate £415 £425 £425
% change year-on-year -2.35% - +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 16 5 10
10th Percentile £41.88 £38.75 £30.83
25th Percentile £56.50 £50.00 £33.00
Median hourly rate £58.00 £53.13 £36.00
Median % change year-on-year +9.18% +47.57% -20.00%
75th Percentile £65.51 £58.00 £40.50
90th Percentile £69.50 £62.80 £46.88
UK excluding London median hourly rate £58.00 £53.13 £37.25
% change year-on-year +9.18% +42.62% -17.22%

Selenium is in the Development Applications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for development application skills.

All Development Application Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for development application skills 9,616 9,171 19,025
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 17.27% 17.67% 20.48%
Number of daily rates quoted 6,465 6,291 12,970
10th Percentile £338 £331 £333
25th Percentile £405 £406 £405
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £493 £495 £480
Median % change year-on-year -0.51% +3.13% +1.05%
75th Percentile £580 £580 £575
90th Percentile £656 £660 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £431 £450 £450
% change year-on-year -4.22% - +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 185 143 273
10th Percentile £26.60 £18.25 £23.25
25th Percentile £40.00 £37.25 £37.00
Median hourly rate £45.00 £47.50 £44.92
Median % change year-on-year -5.26% +5.76% +5.68%
75th Percentile £56.25 £55.00 £50.00
90th Percentile £63.00 £63.75 £55.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £45.00 £45.00 £45.00

Selenium
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Selenium as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Selenium in the UK

Selenium
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Selenium.

Daily rate trend for Selenium in the UK

Selenium
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Selenium over the 6 months to 10 May 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Selenium in the UK

Selenium
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Selenium.

Hourly rate trend for Selenium in the UK

Selenium
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Selenium over the 6 months to 10 May 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Selenium in the UK

Selenium
Top 19 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Selenium within the UK over the 6 months to 10 May 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -64 556 £438 -0.28% 180
UK excluding London -51 303 £415 -2.35% 130
London -61 279 £450 - 62
Work from Home -70 255 £450 +5.88% 25
North of England +38 91 £425 +6.25% 31
South East -50 57 £388 -13.89% 41
Scotland -22 56 £405 +6.23% 7
Yorkshire +31 36 £414 +3.12% 12
Midlands -3 36 £381 -1.68% 18
East of England +3 30 £400 - 8
West Midlands -3 30 £400 +3.23% 10
North East +32 28 £450 -2.70% 5
North West -1 27 £450 +29.50% 14
South West -18 26 £450 - 19
East Midlands -1 6 £330 -14.33% 7
Wales -4 5 £425 -8.11% 1
Isle of Man - 1 - -
Northern Ireland - 1 - - 5
Channel Islands - 1 - -

For the 6 months to 10 May 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Selenium also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Selenium.

1 553 (75.65%) Test Automation
2 408 (55.81%) Agile Software Development
3 371 (50.75%) Java
4 283 (38.71%) Cucumber
5 263 (35.98%) Jenkins
6 245 (33.52%) BDD
7 235 (32.15%) DevOps
8 202 (27.63%) JavaScript
9 198 (27.09%) JIRA
10 190 (25.99%) TDD
11 187 (25.58%) QA
12 185 (25.31%) SQL
13 172 (23.53%) Azure
14 153 (20.93%) C#
15 149 (20.38%) Scrum
15 149 (20.38%) Git (software)
16 134 (18.33%) Continuous Integration
17 132 (18.06%) Python
18 121 (16.55%) Postman
19 118 (16.14%) Security Cleared
20 110 (15.05%) Social Skills
21 109 (14.91%) AWS
22 108 (14.77%) Microservices
23 104 (14.23%) Software Testing
24 97 (13.27%) Docker
25 96 (13.13%) Gherkin
26 94 (12.86%) JMeter
27 91 (12.45%) API Testing
28 89 (12.18%) .NET
29 88 (12.04%) Finance

Selenium
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 75 (10.26%) Confluence
2 22 (3.01%) JBoss
3 19 (2.60%) WebSphere
4 16 (2.19%) Apache
4 16 (2.19%) WebLogic
5 13 (1.78%) SharePoint
6 10 (1.37%) Elasticsearch
6 10 (1.37%) MQSeries
7 9 (1.23%) Red Hat Fuse
7 9 (1.23%) Tomcat
8 7 (0.96%) Apache Spark
8 7 (0.96%) IBM Domino
9 4 (0.55%) Adobe Experience Manager
9 4 (0.55%) Jetty
9 4 (0.55%) Mule
9 4 (0.55%) Oracle Self-Service HR
9 4 (0.55%) Oracle SOA Suite
10 3 (0.41%) CMS
11 2 (0.27%) Anypoint
11 2 (0.27%) OpenStack
Applications
1 10 (1.37%) Microsoft Excel
2 1 (0.14%) Microsoft Office
Business Applications
1 8 (1.09%) SAP HCM
2 7 (0.96%) Magento
3 6 (0.82%) Dynamics CRM
4 5 (0.68%) Adobe Campaign
5 4 (0.55%) Sentinel
5 4 (0.55%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
6 2 (0.27%) Oracle Cash Management
6 2 (0.27%) Oracle ERP
6 2 (0.27%) Oracle General Ledger
6 2 (0.27%) Oracle Payables
6 2 (0.27%) Oracle Receivables
6 2 (0.27%) Payment Gateway
7 1 (0.14%) Dynamics AX
7 1 (0.14%) Maximo
7 1 (0.14%) Oracle Applications
7 1 (0.14%) Salesforce.com CRM
7 1 (0.14%) SAP FI-CA
7 1 (0.14%) SAP PSCD
7 1 (0.14%) Tesseract
Cloud Services
1 172 (23.53%) Azure
2 109 (14.91%) AWS
3 55 (7.52%) GitHub
4 30 (4.10%) Serverless
5 25 (3.42%) GCP
6 19 (2.60%) AWS Lambda
6 19 (2.60%) Dynamics 365
7 18 (2.46%) PaaS
8 15 (2.05%) OpenShift
9 13 (1.78%) AWS CloudFormation
10 11 (1.50%) Amazon S3
10 11 (1.50%) Cloud Computing
10 11 (1.50%) IaaS
10 11 (1.50%) SaaS
11 8 (1.09%) Amazon SQS
11 8 (1.09%) BrowserStack
11 8 (1.09%) SuccessFactors
11 8 (1.09%) Tricentis Tosca
12 7 (0.96%) Amazon EKS
13 6 (0.82%) Sauce Labs
Communications & Networking
1 13 (1.78%) HTTP
2 11 (1.50%) TCP/IP
3 9 (1.23%) DNS
3 9 (1.23%) LAN
4 8 (1.09%) SSH
4 8 (1.09%) SSL
5 7 (0.96%) VPN
6 5 (0.68%) DMARC
6 5 (0.68%) SMS
6 5 (0.68%) SMTP
7 4 (0.55%) Unified Communications
8 3 (0.41%) FTP
8 3 (0.41%) Software-Defined Networking
9 2 (0.27%) HTTPS
9 2 (0.27%) Intranet
10 1 (0.14%) 802.11
10 1 (0.14%) DSL
10 1 (0.14%) Firewall
10 1 (0.14%) WebEx
10 1 (0.14%) Wi-Fi
Database & Business Intelligence
1 47 (6.43%) NoSQL
2 32 (4.38%) SQL Server
3 29 (3.97%) PostgreSQL
4 27 (3.69%) Relational Database
5 24 (3.28%) MongoDB
6 21 (2.87%) DB2
7 20 (2.74%) Amazon DynamoDB
8 17 (2.33%) Hadoop
9 14 (1.92%) Big Data
9 14 (1.92%) MySQL
10 12 (1.64%) RDBMS
11 9 (1.23%) Oracle Database
12 8 (1.09%) DbVisualizer
13 7 (0.96%) Data Warehouse
14 5 (0.68%) CockroachDB
15 4 (0.55%) Redis
16 3 (0.41%) BigQuery
16 3 (0.41%) Neo4j
17 2 (0.27%) Power BI
17 2 (0.27%) SQL Server 2016
Development Applications
1 283 (38.71%) Cucumber
2 263 (35.98%) Jenkins
3 198 (27.09%) JIRA
4 149 (20.38%) Git (software)
5 121 (16.55%) Postman
6 94 (12.86%) JMeter
7 85 (11.63%) SoapUI
8 83 (11.35%) JUnit
9 81 (11.08%) WebDriver
10 79 (10.81%) SpecFlow
11 78 (10.67%) Maven
12 58 (7.93%) REST Assured
13 47 (6.43%) Cypress.io
14 46 (6.29%) Appium
15 37 (5.06%) GitLab
16 31 (4.24%) SonarQube
17 28 (3.83%) NUnit
17 28 (3.83%) Subversion
18 23 (3.15%) IntelliJ
19 22 (3.01%) TestNG
General
1 110 (15.05%) Social Skills
2 88 (12.04%) Finance
3 81 (11.08%) Banking
4 66 (9.03%) Public Sector
5 34 (4.65%) Analytical Skills
6 30 (4.10%) Retail Banking
7 16 (2.19%) Retail
8 15 (2.05%) Influencing Skills
9 10 (1.37%) Investment Banking
9 10 (1.37%) Marketing
10 7 (0.96%) Telecoms
11 6 (0.82%) Billing
12 5 (0.68%) Law
12 5 (0.68%) Presentation Skills
13 4 (0.55%) Automotive
13 4 (0.55%) Games
13 4 (0.55%) Publishing
14 2 (0.27%) Financial Institution
14 2 (0.27%) General Ledger
14 2 (0.27%) Legal
Job Titles
1 171 (23.39%) Tester
2 152 (20.79%) Developer
3 128 (17.51%) Automation Tester
4 113 (15.46%) Test Engineer
5 80 (10.94%) Test Automation Engineer
6 63 (8.62%) Analyst
7 57 (7.80%) Test Analyst
8 51 (6.98%) Java Developer
9 46 (6.29%) QA Engineer
10 32 (4.38%) Java Engineer
11 31 (4.24%) DevOps Engineer
12 30 (4.10%) Automation Test Analyst
13 27 (3.69%) Developer in Test
14 26 (3.56%) Architect
15 25 (3.42%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
15 25 (3.42%) Test Leader
16 22 (3.01%) QA Tester
16 22 (3.01%) Selenium Tester
17 21 (2.87%) Automation Engineer
18 20 (2.74%) Test Manager
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 96 (13.13%) Gherkin
2 89 (12.18%) .NET
3 87 (11.90%) REST
4 83 (11.35%) Spring
5 80 (10.94%) XML
6 78 (10.67%) Web Services
7 77 (10.53%) AngularJS
7 77 (10.53%) SOAP
8 74 (10.12%) Node.js
9 69 (9.44%) React
10 66 (9.03%) RESTful
11 65 (8.89%) HTML
12 63 (8.62%) JSON
13 50 (6.84%) CSS
14 43 (5.88%) HTML5
15 35 (4.79%) Spring Boot
16 32 (4.38%) Hibernate
17 31 (4.24%) Jest
18 26 (3.56%) .NET Framework
19 25 (3.42%) CSS3
Miscellaneous
1 34 (4.65%) Mobile App
2 29 (3.97%) Self-Motivation
3 24 (3.28%) Greenfield Project
4 17 (2.33%) Virtual Team
5 14 (1.92%) NHS
5 14 (1.92%) User Experience
6 12 (1.64%) Client/Server
7 11 (1.50%) Derivative
8 8 (1.09%) Fixed Income
8 8 (1.09%) Replication
9 5 (0.68%) Cloud Native
9 5 (0.68%) Linux Command Line
9 5 (0.68%) Marketing Technology
10 4 (0.55%) Data Structures
10 4 (0.55%) Enterprise Software
11 3 (0.41%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
11 3 (0.41%) Management Information System
11 3 (0.41%) N-Tier
11 3 (0.41%) PlayStation
11 3 (0.41%) Public Cloud
Operating Systems
1 54 (7.39%) Linux
2 41 (5.61%) Windows
3 34 (4.65%) Unix
4 31 (4.24%) Android
5 27 (3.69%) Apple iOS
6 7 (0.96%) CentOS
6 7 (0.96%) Ubuntu
7 6 (0.82%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 4 (0.55%) Debian
8 4 (0.55%) Mac OS X
9 2 (0.27%) Mac OS
Processes & Methodologies
1 553 (75.65%) Test Automation
2 408 (55.81%) Agile Software Development
3 245 (33.52%) BDD
4 235 (32.15%) DevOps
5 190 (25.99%) TDD
6 149 (20.38%) Scrum
7 134 (18.33%) Continuous Integration
8 108 (14.77%) Microservices
9 104 (14.23%) Software Testing
10 91 (12.45%) API Testing
11 78 (10.67%) SDET
12 72 (9.85%) Test Scripting
13 68 (9.30%) Test Strategy
14 65 (8.89%) SDLC
15 60 (8.21%) Open Source
16 58 (7.93%) Problem-Solving
17 55 (7.52%) Functional Testing
18 52 (7.11%) Non-Functional Testing
18 52 (7.11%) Regression Testing
19 50 (6.84%) Integration Testing
Programming Languages
1 371 (50.75%) Java
2 202 (27.63%) JavaScript
3 185 (25.31%) SQL
4 153 (20.93%) C#
5 132 (18.06%) Python
6 54 (7.39%) TypeScript
7 37 (5.06%) Java 8
8 30 (4.10%) Scala
9 29 (3.97%) Ruby
10 23 (3.15%) C++
11 22 (3.01%) Bash Shell
12 21 (2.87%) Groovy
12 21 (2.87%) Shell Script
13 19 (2.60%) C
14 17 (2.33%) PL/SQL
15 14 (1.92%) PowerShell
16 12 (1.64%) ES6
17 11 (1.50%) Perl
17 11 (1.50%) T-SQL
18 9 (1.23%) Go
Qualifications
1 118 (16.14%) Security Cleared
2 88 (12.04%) SC Cleared
3 42 (5.75%) ISTQB
4 27 (3.69%) ISEB
5 24 (3.28%) Degree
6 23 (3.15%) DV Cleared
7 21 (2.87%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
8 13 (1.78%) Computer Science Degree
9 12 (1.64%) BPSS Clearance
10 4 (0.55%) Master's Degree
11 3 (0.41%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
12 2 (0.27%) AWS Certification
12 2 (0.27%) CFA
12 2 (0.27%) ISEB Practitioner
13 1 (0.14%) CCNA
13 1 (0.14%) Cisco Certification
13 1 (0.14%) HNC
13 1 (0.14%) MCP
13 1 (0.14%) Microsoft Certification
13 1 (0.14%) TOGAF Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 187 (25.58%) QA
2 6 (0.82%) WCAG
3 5 (0.68%) Data Quality
3 5 (0.68%) GDPR
4 4 (0.55%) Disclosure Scotland
5 2 (0.27%) NIST
5 2 (0.27%) PSD2
6 1 (0.14%) ISO 20022
6 1 (0.14%) MiFID
6 1 (0.14%) PCI DSS
6 1 (0.14%) SEPA
6 1 (0.14%) TARGET2
System Software
1 97 (13.27%) Docker
2 5 (0.68%) Active Directory
3 1 (0.14%) Hyper-V
3 1 (0.14%) Virtual Desktop
3 1 (0.14%) Virtual Machines
3 1 (0.14%) VMware Infrastructure
Systems Management
1 51 (6.98%) Kubernetes
2 42 (5.75%) Terraform
3 32 (4.38%) Ansible
4 29 (3.97%) Puppet
5 16 (2.19%) HP ALM
5 16 (2.19%) HP Quality Center
6 8 (1.09%) Opscode Chef
7 7 (0.96%) Grafana
7 7 (0.96%) HP Fortify
7 7 (0.96%) Kibana
7 7 (0.96%) Rancher
8 5 (0.68%) Salt
9 4 (0.55%) Nagios
10 3 (0.41%) ZABBIX
11 1 (0.14%) CA Wily
11 1 (0.14%) Giant Swarm
11 1 (0.14%) Graylog
11 1 (0.14%) HAProxy
11 1 (0.14%) Iperf
11 1 (0.14%) Mesos
Vendors
1 61 (8.34%) Oracle
2 44 (6.02%) Microsoft
3 30 (4.10%) HP
4 22 (3.01%) IBM
5 21 (2.87%) MuleSoft
6 19 (2.60%) Google
7 16 (2.19%) Splunk
8 12 (1.64%) Adobe
8 12 (1.64%) Dynatrace
8 12 (1.64%) SAP
9 10 (1.37%) Red Hat
10 9 (1.23%) Salesforce.com
11 8 (1.09%) Atlassian
11 8 (1.09%) Axway
11 8 (1.09%) Sparx
11 8 (1.09%) Sybase
12 7 (0.96%) hybris
12 7 (0.96%) Xerox
13 6 (0.82%) TIBCO
13 6 (0.82%) webMethods