Period
to 17 July 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Selenium skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Selenium over the 6 months to 17 July 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Selenium
UK
6 months to
17 Jul 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 95 117 159
Rank change year-on-year +22 +42 +17
Contract jobs citing Selenium 2,668 1,970 1,823
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 2.57% 2.07% 1.66%
As % of the Development Applications category 12.86% 11.82% 10.90%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,769 1,245 1,206
UK median daily rate £425 £405 £394
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +4.94% +2.86% +5.00%
10th Percentile £306 £275 £269
90th Percentile £575 £538 £538
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £365 £350
% change year-on-year +9.59% +4.29% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 14 13 16
UK median hourly rate £43.75 £50.00 £49.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -12.50% +1.01% +20.00%
10th Percentile £21.23 £36.45 £23.63
90th Percentile £64.75 £74.34 £64.16
UK excluding London median hourly rate £42.50 £50.00 £49.50
% change year-on-year -15.00% +1.01% +47.76%

Selenium is in the Development Applications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for development application skills.

All Development Application Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for development application skills 20,754 16,668 16,728
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 20.02% 17.55% 15.19%
Number of daily rates quoted 14,273 11,342 11,361
UK median daily rate £468 £438 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +6.86% +2.94% +6.25%
10th Percentile £318 £306 £295
90th Percentile £613 £588 £575
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £400 £385
% change year-on-year +6.25% +3.90% +6.21%
Number of hourly rates quoted 234 335 301
UK median hourly rate £42.50 £42.50 £42.50
10th Percentile £26.33 £28.75 £26.50
90th Percentile £59.63 £58.25 £52.25
UK excluding London median hourly rate £42.50 £42.50 £42.50

Selenium
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Selenium as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Selenium in the UK

Selenium
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Selenium.

Contractor daily rate trend for Selenium in the UK

Selenium
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Selenium over the 6 months to 17 July 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Selenium in the UK

Selenium
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Selenium.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Selenium in the UK

Selenium
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Selenium over the 6 months to 17 July 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Selenium in the UK

Selenium
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Selenium within the UK over the 6 months to 17 July 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +21 2,384 £425 +3.03% 598
UK excluding London +25 1,469 £400 +9.59% 429
London +14 1,155 £450 - 217
South East +18 431 £400 +4.23% 91
North of England -7 327 £395 +12.86% 111
Midlands +52 211 £413 +10.00% 60
South West +10 159 £405 +12.50% 68
Yorkshire +8 151 £360 +2.86% 39
Scotland -7 148 £389 +3.67% 24
North West +17 146 £410 +17.14% 66
West Midlands +56 145 £425 +13.33% 40
East of England +46 101 £420 +20.86% 51
Wales +28 69 £360 +9.09% 20
East Midlands +12 65 £380 +1.33% 20
North East -48 32 £448 +27.86% 6
Northern Ireland +38 23 £275 +4.76% 4

For the 6 months to 17 July 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Selenium also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Selenium.

1 2,109 (79.05%) Test Automation
2 1,827 (68.48%) Agile Software Development
3 1,343 (50.34%) Java
4 1,051 (39.39%) Cucumber
5 847 (31.75%) BDD
6 760 (28.49%) Scrum
7 747 (28.00%) Jenkins
8 703 (26.35%) C#
9 690 (25.86%) JavaScript
10 677 (25.37%) QA
11 673 (25.22%) TDD
12 654 (24.51%) JIRA
13 603 (22.60%) SQL
14 599 (22.45%) WebDriver
15 595 (22.30%) Git (software)
16 574 (21.51%) Continuous Integration
17 468 (17.54%) DevOps
18 410 (15.37%) HTML
19 404 (15.14%) Web Services
20 403 (15.10%) Finance
21 400 (14.99%) Gherkin
22 392 (14.69%) .NET
23 386 (14.47%) SpecFlow
24 377 (14.13%) API Testing
25 370 (13.87%) CSS
26 366 (13.72%) SoapUI
27 354 (13.27%) Test Scripting
28 352 (13.19%) Linux
29 323 (12.11%) AngularJS
30 317 (11.88%) Kanban

Selenium
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 292 (10.94%) Confluence
2 109 (4.09%) Tomcat
3 80 (3.00%) JBoss
4 56 (2.10%) Apache
5 44 (1.65%) Cloud Foundry
6 39 (1.46%) CMS
6 39 (1.46%) WebLogic
7 36 (1.35%) WebSphere
8 34 (1.27%) Elasticsearch
9 26 (0.97%) IIS
10 25 (0.94%) Apache Spark
10 25 (0.94%) Jetty
10 25 (0.94%) nginx
11 21 (0.79%) OpenStack
12 20 (0.75%) Documentum
13 19 (0.71%) GlassFish
14 17 (0.64%) SharePoint
15 16 (0.60%) Liferay
15 16 (0.60%) Oracle SOA Suite
16 11 (0.41%) Umbraco
Applications
1 29 (1.09%) Microsoft Excel
2 19 (0.71%) Adobe Creative Suite
2 19 (0.71%) OmniGraffle
3 9 (0.34%) Fireworks
3 9 (0.34%) Photoshop
4 6 (0.22%) Microsoft Office
5 4 (0.15%) Spreadsheet
6 2 (0.075%) Chatbot
6 2 (0.075%) MS Visio
7 1 (0.037%) Microsoft PowerPoint
7 1 (0.037%) Microsoft Project
Business Applications
1 13 (0.49%) Dynamics CRM
2 9 (0.34%) Payment Gateway
3 5 (0.19%) Magento
4 4 (0.15%) Eagle PACE
4 4 (0.15%) Front Arena
4 4 (0.15%) thinkFolio
5 1 (0.037%) Adobe Campaign
5 1 (0.037%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
5 1 (0.037%) Oracle Applications
5 1 (0.037%) Oracle Cash Management
5 1 (0.037%) SAP BPC
Cloud Services
1 259 (9.71%) Amazon AWS
2 250 (9.37%) Microsoft Azure
3 115 (4.31%) GitHub
4 81 (3.04%) BrowserStack
5 56 (2.10%) Sauce Labs
6 43 (1.61%) Google Cloud Platform
7 30 (1.12%) npm
8 29 (1.09%) OpenShift
9 26 (0.97%) PaaS
10 25 (0.94%) IaaS
11 24 (0.90%) Google Analytics
11 24 (0.90%) Slack
12 23 (0.86%) SaaS
13 19 (0.71%) BlazeMeter
14 18 (0.67%) Amazon EC2
15 17 (0.64%) AWS CloudFormation
15 17 (0.64%) AWS Lambda
16 15 (0.56%) Tricentis Tosca
17 13 (0.49%) NuGet
17 13 (0.49%) Serverless
Communications & Networking
1 86 (3.22%) HTTP
2 43 (1.61%) Internet
3 34 (1.27%) TCP/IP
4 30 (1.12%) PuTTY
4 30 (1.12%) WinSCP
5 29 (1.09%) SSL
6 22 (0.82%) Firewall
7 16 (0.60%) SMS
8 13 (0.49%) AMQP
9 12 (0.45%) DSL
10 8 (0.30%) DNS
10 8 (0.30%) Skype
11 5 (0.19%) HTTPS
12 4 (0.15%) DHCP
12 4 (0.15%) FIX Connectivity
13 3 (0.11%) ICMP
13 3 (0.11%) Intranet
13 3 (0.11%) LAN
13 3 (0.11%) SMTP
13 3 (0.11%) WAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 224 (8.40%) SQL Server
2 140 (5.25%) PostgreSQL
3 132 (4.95%) MySQL
4 119 (4.46%) MongoDB
5 83 (3.11%) NoSQL
6 75 (2.81%) Relational Database
7 72 (2.70%) Oracle Database
8 47 (1.76%) Redis
8 47 (1.76%) SQL Server 2012
9 46 (1.72%) Big Data
10 44 (1.65%) SQL Server 2016
11 38 (1.42%) Hadoop
12 36 (1.35%) Oracle Database 11g
13 30 (1.12%) Oracle Database 10g
14 21 (0.79%) RDBMS
15 20 (0.75%) Apache Cassandra
16 18 (0.67%) Couchbase
16 18 (0.67%) DB2
16 18 (0.67%) Oracle Database 12c
17 12 (0.45%) NuoDB
Development Applications
1 1,051 (39.39%) Cucumber
2 747 (28.00%) Jenkins
3 654 (24.51%) JIRA
4 599 (22.45%) WebDriver
5 595 (22.30%) Git (software)
6 386 (14.47%) SpecFlow
7 366 (13.72%) SoapUI
8 263 (9.86%) JUnit
9 255 (9.56%) JMeter
10 226 (8.47%) Maven
11 162 (6.07%) Team Foundation Server
12 149 (5.58%) HP UFT
13 145 (5.43%) Visual Studio
14 140 (5.25%) TeamCity
15 133 (4.99%) NUnit
16 129 (4.84%) Appium
17 125 (4.69%) Subversion
18 115 (4.31%) Protractor
19 111 (4.16%) Ant
20 108 (4.05%) Eclipse
General
1 403 (15.10%) Finance
2 219 (8.21%) Banking
3 109 (4.09%) Retail
4 28 (1.05%) Telecoms
5 27 (1.01%) Back Office
5 27 (1.01%) Investment Banking
5 27 (1.01%) Marketing
6 21 (0.79%) Financial Institution
7 20 (0.75%) Advertising
8 16 (0.60%) Games
9 15 (0.56%) Retail Banking
10 10 (0.37%) Law
10 10 (0.37%) Manufacturing
11 8 (0.30%) Front Office
12 7 (0.26%) Automotive
13 6 (0.22%) Publishing
14 5 (0.19%) Digital Economy
15 4 (0.15%) Corporate Banking
15 4 (0.15%) Electronics
16 3 (0.11%) Military
Job Titles
1 764 (28.64%) Developer
2 549 (20.58%) Tester
3 446 (16.72%) Analyst
4 433 (16.23%) Automation Tester
5 419 (15.70%) Test Analyst
6 290 (10.87%) Test Engineer
7 244 (9.15%) Automation Test Analyst
8 241 (9.03%) Java Developer
9 180 (6.75%) Test Automation Engineer
10 166 (6.22%) Developer in Test
11 129 (4.84%) Selenium Tester
12 128 (4.80%) QA Engineer
13 118 (4.42%) Selenium Automation Tester
14 106 (3.97%) QA Tester
15 104 (3.90%) C# Developer
16 102 (3.82%) Java Engineer
17 98 (3.67%) Selenium Test Analyst
18 97 (3.64%) Test Leader
19 96 (3.60%) DevOps Engineer
20 88 (3.30%) Test Automation Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 410 (15.37%) HTML
2 404 (15.14%) Web Services
3 400 (14.99%) Gherkin
4 392 (14.69%) .NET
5 370 (13.87%) CSS
6 323 (12.11%) AngularJS
7 290 (10.87%) REST
8 289 (10.83%) SOAP
9 262 (9.82%) RESTful
10 241 (9.03%) XML
11 224 (8.40%) HTML5
12 211 (7.91%) Node.js
13 197 (7.38%) JSON
14 190 (7.12%) Spring
15 177 (6.63%) React
16 168 (6.30%) jQuery
17 139 (5.21%) CSS3
18 125 (4.69%) ASP.NET
19 98 (3.67%) .NET Framework
20 88 (3.30%) Twitter Bootstrap
Miscellaneous
1 148 (5.55%) User Experience
2 139 (5.21%) Analytical Skills
3 109 (4.09%) Mobile App
4 90 (3.37%) Greenfield Project
5 81 (3.04%) Fintech
6 63 (2.36%) Self-Motivation
7 61 (2.29%) Computer Science
8 50 (1.87%) Enterprise Software
9 49 (1.84%) Linux Command Line
10 22 (0.82%) Algorithms
11 20 (0.75%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
11 20 (0.75%) Virtual Team
12 19 (0.71%) Data Structures
13 17 (0.64%) Client/Server
14 13 (0.49%) Equities
14 13 (0.49%) Video on Demand
15 12 (0.45%) Fixed Income
16 10 (0.37%) Derivative
16 10 (0.37%) Fat Client
16 10 (0.37%) Thin Client
Operating Systems
1 352 (13.19%) Linux
2 207 (7.76%) Windows
3 187 (7.01%) Unix
4 99 (3.71%) Apple iOS
5 93 (3.49%) Android
6 67 (2.51%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 62 (2.32%) Windows Server
8 45 (1.69%) Ubuntu
9 28 (1.05%) Windows Server 2012
10 15 (0.56%) CentOS
11 11 (0.41%) Mac OS X
11 11 (0.41%) Windows Server 2003
12 9 (0.34%) VMS
13 7 (0.26%) Debian
14 6 (0.22%) Solaris
15 4 (0.15%) Nucleus RTOS
15 4 (0.15%) Windows Phone
16 3 (0.11%) AIX
16 3 (0.11%) Windows 10
16 3 (0.11%) Windows Server 2008
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,109 (79.05%) Test Automation
2 1,827 (68.48%) Agile Software Development
3 847 (31.75%) BDD
4 760 (28.49%) Scrum
5 673 (25.22%) TDD
6 574 (21.51%) Continuous Integration
7 468 (17.54%) DevOps
8 377 (14.13%) API Testing
9 354 (13.27%) Test Scripting
10 317 (11.88%) Kanban
11 283 (10.61%) SDET
12 257 (9.63%) Performance Testing
13 237 (8.88%) Test Strategy
14 223 (8.36%) Functional Testing
15 221 (8.28%) Regression Testing
16 219 (8.21%) Open Source
17 213 (7.98%) SDLC
18 211 (7.91%) Microservices
19 195 (7.31%) Software Engineering
20 192 (7.20%) Problem-Solving
Programming Languages
1 1,343 (50.34%) Java
2 703 (26.35%) C#
3 690 (25.86%) JavaScript
4 603 (22.60%) SQL
5 295 (11.06%) Python
6 168 (6.30%) Ruby
7 117 (4.39%) Groovy
8 111 (4.16%) Scala
9 84 (3.15%) Java 8
10 72 (2.70%) Bash Shell
11 63 (2.36%) PL/SQL
12 55 (2.06%) PHP
13 53 (1.99%) TypeScript
14 48 (1.80%) Perl
15 46 (1.72%) ES6
16 45 (1.69%) C++
17 44 (1.65%) C
18 42 (1.57%) PowerShell
19 36 (1.35%) F#
20 34 (1.27%) Shell Script
Qualifications
1 237 (8.88%) Security Cleared
2 198 (7.42%) ISTQB
3 180 (6.75%) SC Cleared
4 172 (6.45%) ISEB
5 92 (3.45%) Degree
6 87 (3.26%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
7 35 (1.31%) DV Cleared
8 34 (1.27%) ISEB Practitioner
9 32 (1.20%) Computer Science Degree
10 23 (0.86%) BPSS Clearance
11 13 (0.49%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
12 7 (0.26%) Master's Degree
13 6 (0.22%) Numerate Degree
14 5 (0.19%) BC Cleared
15 4 (0.15%) AWS Certification
15 4 (0.15%) CCNA
15 4 (0.15%) Cisco Certification
15 4 (0.15%) DBS Check
15 4 (0.15%) PMI Certification
15 4 (0.15%) PMP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 677 (25.37%) QA
2 15 (0.56%) GDPR
3 13 (0.49%) WCAG
4 7 (0.26%) Data Quality
4 7 (0.26%) Disclosure Scotland
4 7 (0.26%) GCP
4 7 (0.26%) PMO
5 4 (0.15%) MiFID
6 3 (0.11%) Dodd-Frank
6 3 (0.11%) EMIR
6 3 (0.11%) SLA
7 2 (0.075%) IEC 62304
7 2 (0.075%) ISO 13485
7 2 (0.075%) ISO 9001
7 2 (0.075%) SEPA
8 1 (0.037%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 1 (0.037%) PCI DSS
8 1 (0.037%) PSD2
System Software
1 272 (10.19%) Docker
2 28 (1.05%) vSphere
3 24 (0.90%) Virtual Machines
4 16 (0.60%) VMware Infrastructure
5 12 (0.45%) Active Directory
6 10 (0.37%) Virtual Servers
7 6 (0.22%) HDFS
7 6 (0.22%) LXC
8 2 (0.075%) ACF2
8 2 (0.075%) Hyper-V
8 2 (0.075%) RACF
8 2 (0.075%) VirtualBox
Systems Management
1 157 (5.88%) Puppet
2 104 (3.90%) Opscode Chef
3 102 (3.82%) Ansible
4 79 (2.96%) HP ALM
5 60 (2.25%) Kubernetes
6 53 (1.99%) HP Quality Center
7 45 (1.69%) Terraform
8 44 (1.65%) Kibana
9 36 (1.35%) Grafana
10 16 (0.60%) Packer
11 13 (0.49%) logstash
12 10 (0.37%) Rancher
13 8 (0.30%) Cobbler
13 8 (0.30%) Single Sign-On
13 8 (0.30%) WMI
14 7 (0.26%) Business Desktop Deployment
14 7 (0.26%) OpenView
14 7 (0.26%) SCOM
14 7 (0.26%) vRealize
14 7 (0.26%) ZABBIX
Vendors
1 246 (9.22%) Oracle
2 198 (7.42%) Microsoft
3 128 (4.80%) HP
4 103 (3.86%) Atlassian
5 74 (2.77%) Google
6 65 (2.44%) Red Hat
7 54 (2.02%) Adobe
8 49 (1.84%) IBM
8 49 (1.84%) webMethods
9 47 (1.76%) VMware
10 45 (1.69%) Splunk
11 38 (1.42%) Salesforce.com
12 33 (1.24%) Software AG
13 32 (1.20%) AppDynamics
14 22 (0.82%) Pega
15 21 (0.79%) MuleSoft
16 19 (0.71%) CA Agile Central
17 16 (0.60%) Capita
17 16 (0.60%) hybris
17 16 (0.60%) Zend