Period
to 19 September 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Selenium skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Selenium over the 6 months to 19 September 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Selenium
UK
6 months to
19 Sep 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 87 127 147
Rank change year-on-year +40 +20 +12
Contract jobs citing Selenium 2,883 1,959 1,915
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 2.80% 1.98% 1.79%
As % of the Development Applications category 13.49% 10.95% 11.21%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,904 1,245 1,274
UK median daily rate £425 £415 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.41% +3.75% +5.26%
10th Percentile £310 £290 £275
90th Percentile £575 £550 £538
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £375 £375
% change year-on-year +6.67% - +7.14%
Number of hourly rates quoted 10 7 19
UK median hourly rate £35.00 £47.50 £52.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -26.32% -8.65% +34.19%
10th Percentile £20.53 £16.60 £31.45
90th Percentile £57.00 £50.25 £59.31
UK excluding London median hourly rate £35.00 £47.50 £52.00
% change year-on-year -26.32% -8.65% +46.48%

Selenium is in the Development Applications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for development application skills.

All Development Application Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for development application skills 21,375 17,895 17,088
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 20.74% 18.12% 15.96%
Number of daily rates quoted 14,679 12,246 11,629
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +6.25%
10th Percentile £325 £310 £300
90th Percentile £613 £595 £575
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £400 £400
% change year-on-year +6.25% - +6.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 231 298 267
UK median hourly rate £42.50 £42.50 £41.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - +2.41% +9.21%
10th Percentile £26.50 £28.75 £26.14
90th Percentile £52.50 £60.30 £52.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £42.50 £42.50 £41.25
% change year-on-year - +3.03% +6.77%

Selenium
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Selenium as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Selenium in the UK

Selenium
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Selenium.

Contractor daily rate trend for Selenium in the UK

Selenium
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Selenium over the 6 months to 19 September 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Selenium in the UK

Selenium
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Selenium.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Selenium in the UK

Selenium
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Selenium over the 6 months to 19 September 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Selenium in the UK

Selenium
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Selenium within the UK over the 6 months to 19 September 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +37 2,602 £450 +5.88% 610
UK excluding London +53 1,542 £400 +6.67% 439
London +40 1,299 £475 - 202
North of England +11 387 £400 +8.11% 125
South East +21 382 £400 +2.89% 93
Midlands +74 253 £410 +9.33% 81
North West +54 194 £413 +10.00% 67
South West +39 179 £419 +11.67% 73
West Midlands +69 178 £425 +6.25% 48
Yorkshire +6 164 £388 +6.30% 49
Scotland +6 129 £363 -3.33% 21
East of England +28 100 £400 +17.65% 37
Wales +34 86 £360 +9.09% 8
East Midlands +26 74 £394 +5.00% 33
North East -34 29 £406 +9.06% 9
Northern Ireland +61 26 £288 +4.55% 2

For the 6 months to 19 September 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Selenium also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Selenium.

1 2,311 (80.16%) Test Automation
2 1,952 (67.71%) Agile Software Development
3 1,505 (52.20%) Java
4 1,205 (41.80%) Cucumber
5 889 (30.84%) BDD
6 849 (29.45%) Jenkins
7 787 (27.30%) JavaScript
8 769 (26.67%) QA
9 749 (25.98%) C#
10 744 (25.81%) TDD
11 734 (25.46%) Scrum
12 726 (25.18%) JIRA
13 719 (24.94%) Git (software)
14 667 (23.14%) Continuous Integration
15 635 (22.03%) WebDriver
16 599 (20.78%) SQL
17 540 (18.73%) DevOps
18 461 (15.99%) HTML
19 453 (15.71%) .NET
20 443 (15.37%) API Testing
21 442 (15.33%) Docker
22 438 (15.19%) CSS
23 426 (14.78%) Gherkin
24 422 (14.64%) Finance
25 395 (13.70%) Web Services
25 395 (13.70%) SpecFlow
26 385 (13.35%) Python
27 379 (13.15%) Linux
28 356 (12.35%) SoapUI
29 350 (12.14%) AngularJS

Selenium
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 331 (11.48%) Confluence
2 109 (3.78%) Tomcat
3 84 (2.91%) JBoss
4 74 (2.57%) Apache
5 53 (1.84%) WebLogic
6 49 (1.70%) nginx
7 47 (1.63%) CMS
8 42 (1.46%) Cloud Foundry
9 37 (1.28%) Elasticsearch
10 33 (1.14%) SharePoint
11 29 (1.01%) IIS
12 25 (0.87%) WebSphere
13 23 (0.80%) Jetty
14 19 (0.66%) Apache Spark
15 18 (0.62%) NServiceBus
16 16 (0.55%) Gunicorn
17 14 (0.49%) Umbraco
18 13 (0.45%) Adobe Experience Manager
18 13 (0.45%) Apache Solr
18 13 (0.45%) Oracle SOA Suite
Applications
1 32 (1.11%) Microsoft Excel
2 11 (0.38%) Photoshop
3 10 (0.35%) Fireworks
4 9 (0.31%) Adobe Creative Suite
4 9 (0.31%) OmniGraffle
5 8 (0.28%) Microsoft Office
6 4 (0.14%) Microsoft Project
6 4 (0.14%) MS Visio
7 3 (0.10%) Microsoft PowerPoint
8 2 (0.069%) Chatbot
9 1 (0.035%) HipChat
9 1 (0.035%) Mingle
9 1 (0.035%) Open Workbench
9 1 (0.035%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 18 (0.62%) Dynamics CRM
2 7 (0.24%) SAP Hybris
3 4 (0.14%) Eagle PACE
3 4 (0.14%) Front Arena
3 4 (0.14%) thinkFolio
4 3 (0.10%) Magento
4 3 (0.10%) Oracle Cash Management
4 3 (0.10%) Payment Gateway
4 3 (0.10%) SAP ERP
5 2 (0.069%) Sentinel
6 1 (0.035%) Adobe Campaign
6 1 (0.035%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
Cloud Services
1 330 (11.45%) Amazon AWS
2 316 (10.96%) Microsoft Azure
3 172 (5.97%) GitHub
4 104 (3.61%) BrowserStack
5 67 (2.32%) Sauce Labs
6 58 (2.01%) Google Analytics
7 52 (1.80%) Google Cloud Platform
8 39 (1.35%) AWS Lambda
9 38 (1.32%) Serverless
10 33 (1.14%) PaaS
11 31 (1.08%) OpenShift
11 31 (1.08%) SaaS
12 30 (1.04%) IaaS
12 30 (1.04%) Slack
13 29 (1.01%) npm
14 27 (0.94%) Dynamics 365
15 24 (0.83%) NuGet
16 22 (0.76%) Amazon EC2
16 22 (0.76%) AWS CloudFormation
17 20 (0.69%) BlazeMeter
Communications & Networking
1 127 (4.41%) HTTP
2 62 (2.15%) TCP/IP
3 55 (1.91%) SSL
4 45 (1.56%) Internet
5 17 (0.59%) AMQP
6 16 (0.55%) Firewall
7 14 (0.49%) PuTTY
7 14 (0.49%) Skype
7 14 (0.49%) WinSCP
8 9 (0.31%) HTTPS
8 9 (0.31%) SMS
9 8 (0.28%) DNS
9 8 (0.28%) VPN
10 4 (0.14%) FIX Connectivity
11 3 (0.10%) DHCP
11 3 (0.10%) DSL
11 3 (0.10%) ICMP
11 3 (0.10%) SMTP
11 3 (0.10%) SSH
12 2 (0.069%) WAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 215 (7.46%) SQL Server
2 200 (6.94%) MongoDB
3 163 (5.65%) PostgreSQL
4 153 (5.31%) MySQL
5 116 (4.02%) NoSQL
6 100 (3.47%) Relational Database
7 51 (1.77%) Redis
8 50 (1.73%) Oracle Database
9 45 (1.56%) Couchbase
10 41 (1.42%) Hadoop
11 35 (1.21%) Big Data
12 32 (1.11%) SQL Server 2016
13 30 (1.04%) SQL Server 2012
14 25 (0.87%) RDBMS
15 21 (0.73%) Apache Cassandra
15 21 (0.73%) Oracle Database 11g
16 19 (0.66%) DB2
17 18 (0.62%) Amazon RDS
18 16 (0.55%) Data Warehouse
18 16 (0.55%) Oracle Database 10g
Development Applications
1 1,205 (41.80%) Cucumber
2 849 (29.45%) Jenkins
3 726 (25.18%) JIRA
4 719 (24.94%) Git (software)
5 635 (22.03%) WebDriver
6 395 (13.70%) SpecFlow
7 356 (12.35%) SoapUI
8 333 (11.55%) JMeter
9 291 (10.09%) JUnit
10 254 (8.81%) Maven
11 164 (5.69%) Gatling
12 151 (5.24%) Visual Studio
13 150 (5.20%) Team Foundation Server
14 146 (5.06%) Bitbucket
15 145 (5.03%) TeamCity
16 132 (4.58%) Ant
16 132 (4.58%) HP UFT
17 128 (4.44%) Visual Studio Team System
18 125 (4.34%) Subversion
19 124 (4.30%) Appium
General
1 422 (14.64%) Finance
2 209 (7.25%) Banking
3 113 (3.92%) Retail
4 28 (0.97%) Marketing
5 27 (0.94%) Telecoms
6 25 (0.87%) Back Office
7 23 (0.80%) Financial Institution
8 20 (0.69%) Advertising
9 18 (0.62%) Investment Banking
10 13 (0.45%) Manufacturing
11 12 (0.42%) Games
12 11 (0.38%) Front Office
13 10 (0.35%) Retail Banking
14 9 (0.31%) Law
14 9 (0.31%) Publishing
15 8 (0.28%) Legal
16 7 (0.24%) Electronics
17 6 (0.21%) Automotive
18 3 (0.10%) Corporate Banking
18 3 (0.10%) Online Betting
Job Titles
1 802 (27.82%) Developer
2 617 (21.40%) Tester
3 471 (16.34%) Automation Tester
4 462 (16.02%) Analyst
5 423 (14.67%) Test Analyst
6 326 (11.31%) Test Engineer
7 257 (8.91%) Automation Test Analyst
8 231 (8.01%) Java Developer
9 200 (6.94%) Test Automation Engineer
10 185 (6.42%) Developer in Test
11 157 (5.45%) Selenium Tester
12 144 (4.99%) Selenium Automation Tester
13 135 (4.68%) QA Engineer
14 119 (4.13%) QA Tester
15 107 (3.71%) Test Leader
16 106 (3.68%) DevOps Engineer
17 103 (3.57%) Test Automation Developer
18 95 (3.30%) Java Engineer
19 94 (3.26%) C# Developer
20 93 (3.23%) .NET Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 461 (15.99%) HTML
2 453 (15.71%) .NET
3 438 (15.19%) CSS
4 426 (14.78%) Gherkin
5 395 (13.70%) Web Services
6 350 (12.14%) AngularJS
7 340 (11.79%) REST
8 323 (11.20%) SOAP
9 295 (10.23%) Node.js
10 280 (9.71%) RESTful
11 256 (8.88%) XML
12 233 (8.08%) HTML5
13 217 (7.53%) JSON
14 211 (7.32%) React
14 211 (7.32%) Spring
15 170 (5.90%) jQuery
16 143 (4.96%) ASP.NET
17 118 (4.09%) .NET Framework
18 117 (4.06%) CSS3
19 93 (3.23%) Sass
Miscellaneous
1 168 (5.83%) Analytical Skills
2 111 (3.85%) Mobile App
3 110 (3.82%) Greenfield Project
4 107 (3.71%) User Experience
5 88 (3.05%) Fintech
6 83 (2.88%) Computer Science
6 83 (2.88%) Self-Motivation
7 53 (1.84%) Linux Command Line
8 42 (1.46%) Algorithms
9 33 (1.14%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
10 32 (1.11%) Enterprise Software
11 24 (0.83%) Data Structures
12 23 (0.80%) Virtual Team
13 15 (0.52%) Fixed Income
13 15 (0.52%) Video on Demand
14 14 (0.49%) Public Cloud
15 13 (0.45%) NHS
16 12 (0.42%) Client/Server
16 12 (0.42%) Equities
16 12 (0.42%) Thin Client
Operating Systems
1 379 (13.15%) Linux
2 249 (8.64%) Windows
3 193 (6.69%) Unix
4 82 (2.84%) Ubuntu
5 71 (2.46%) Apple iOS
6 70 (2.43%) Android
7 61 (2.12%) Windows Server
8 55 (1.91%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 19 (0.66%) Windows Server 2012
10 16 (0.55%) CentOS
10 16 (0.55%) Windows Server 2003
11 15 (0.52%) VMS
12 14 (0.49%) Mac OS X
13 9 (0.31%) Windows Server 2008
14 7 (0.24%) Mac OS
15 6 (0.21%) Solaris
16 5 (0.17%) Debian
17 2 (0.069%) AIX
17 2 (0.069%) Windows 10
18 1 (0.035%) Windows 2000
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,311 (80.16%) Test Automation
2 1,952 (67.71%) Agile Software Development
3 889 (30.84%) BDD
4 744 (25.81%) TDD
5 734 (25.46%) Scrum
6 667 (23.14%) Continuous Integration
7 540 (18.73%) DevOps
8 443 (15.37%) API Testing
9 332 (11.52%) Test Scripting
10 327 (11.34%) SDET
11 312 (10.82%) Microservices
12 280 (9.71%) Kanban
13 278 (9.64%) Test Strategy
14 271 (9.40%) Open Source
15 257 (8.91%) Performance Testing
16 237 (8.22%) SDLC
17 218 (7.56%) Problem-Solving
18 212 (7.35%) Regression Testing
19 206 (7.15%) Functional Testing
20 205 (7.11%) Software Engineering
Programming Languages
1 1,505 (52.20%) Java
2 787 (27.30%) JavaScript
3 749 (25.98%) C#
4 599 (20.78%) SQL
5 385 (13.35%) Python
6 200 (6.94%) Ruby
7 160 (5.55%) Groovy
8 154 (5.34%) Scala
9 102 (3.54%) Java 8
10 86 (2.98%) Bash Shell
11 83 (2.88%) Perl
12 69 (2.39%) ES6
12 69 (2.39%) PHP
13 66 (2.29%) TypeScript
14 55 (1.91%) C
15 48 (1.66%) Haskell
16 47 (1.63%) PowerShell
17 43 (1.49%) PL/SQL
18 42 (1.46%) C++
19 41 (1.42%) Go
Qualifications
1 253 (8.78%) Security Cleared
2 216 (7.49%) ISTQB
3 194 (6.73%) SC Cleared
4 186 (6.45%) ISEB
5 123 (4.27%) Degree
6 69 (2.39%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
7 43 (1.49%) Computer Science Degree
8 33 (1.14%) DV Cleared
9 30 (1.04%) BPSS Clearance
10 21 (0.73%) ISEB Practitioner
11 16 (0.55%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
12 15 (0.52%) Master's Degree
13 7 (0.24%) BC Cleared
13 7 (0.24%) DBS Check
14 6 (0.21%) AWS Certification
15 5 (0.17%) CCNA
15 5 (0.17%) Cisco Certification
15 5 (0.17%) Numerate Degree
16 3 (0.10%) PMI Certification
16 3 (0.10%) PMP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 769 (26.67%) QA
2 14 (0.49%) GDPR
2 14 (0.49%) PMO
3 12 (0.42%) Data Quality
3 12 (0.42%) GCP
3 12 (0.42%) WCAG
4 10 (0.35%) Disclosure Scotland
5 3 (0.10%) Dodd-Frank
5 3 (0.10%) EMIR
5 3 (0.10%) MiFID
6 1 (0.035%) ISO 9001
6 1 (0.035%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 1 (0.035%) PCI DSS
System Software
1 442 (15.33%) Docker
2 26 (0.90%) Virtual Machines
3 17 (0.59%) VMware Infrastructure
4 15 (0.52%) vSphere
5 10 (0.35%) Active Directory
6 7 (0.24%) HDFS
7 6 (0.21%) LXC
7 6 (0.21%) Virtual Servers
8 4 (0.14%) Hyper-V
8 4 (0.14%) VirtualBox
9 2 (0.069%) ACF2
9 2 (0.069%) RACF
10 1 (0.035%) IAG
Systems Management
1 191 (6.63%) Puppet
2 127 (4.41%) Ansible
3 106 (3.68%) Opscode Chef
4 90 (3.12%) Kibana
5 89 (3.09%) Kubernetes
6 77 (2.67%) Grafana
7 68 (2.36%) Terraform
8 57 (1.98%) HP Quality Center
9 44 (1.53%) HP ALM
10 18 (0.62%) logstash
11 16 (0.55%) Packer
12 15 (0.52%) Graphite
13 11 (0.38%) Cobbler
13 11 (0.38%) WMI
14 10 (0.35%) Nagios
14 10 (0.35%) OpenView
14 10 (0.35%) SCOM
14 10 (0.35%) ZABBIX
15 6 (0.21%) Business Desktop Deployment
16 5 (0.17%) CA Service Virtualization
Vendors
1 234 (8.12%) Microsoft
2 233 (8.08%) Oracle
3 127 (4.41%) Google
4 102 (3.54%) HP
5 96 (3.33%) Atlassian
6 65 (2.25%) Adobe
7 54 (1.87%) Splunk
8 51 (1.77%) Red Hat
9 47 (1.63%) webMethods
10 46 (1.60%) IBM
11 39 (1.35%) AppDynamics
12 34 (1.18%) VMware
13 24 (0.83%) hybris
14 23 (0.80%) MuleSoft
15 22 (0.76%) SAP
16 20 (0.69%) New Relic
16 20 (0.69%) Salesforce.com
16 20 (0.69%) Zend
17 19 (0.66%) Software AG
18 18 (0.62%) CA Agile Central