Period
to 22 September 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Selenium skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Selenium over the 6 months to 22 September 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Selenium
UK
6 months to
22 Sep 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 116 88 133
Rank change year-on-year -28 +45 +16
Contract jobs citing Selenium 1,829 2,877 1,949
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 2.09% 2.82% 1.97%
As % of the Development Applications category 11.56% 13.57% 10.89%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,250 1,895 1,252
UK median daily rate £438 £425 £424
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.94% +0.29% +5.94%
10th Percentile £313 £310 £298
90th Percentile £575 £575 £550
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £400 £375
% change year-on-year +6.25% +6.67% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 9 9 7
UK median hourly rate £45.00 £37.50 £47.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +20.00% -21.05% -8.65%
10th Percentile £31.40 £20.05 £16.60
90th Percentile £57.00 £69.00 £50.25
UK excluding London median hourly rate £40.00 £37.50 £47.50
% change year-on-year +6.67% -21.05% -8.65%

Selenium is in the Development Applications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for development application skills.

All Development Application Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for development application skills 15,826 21,194 17,899
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 18.12% 20.79% 18.13%
Number of daily rates quoted 10,294 14,544 12,288
UK median daily rate £475 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.56% +5.88%
10th Percentile £325 £325 £313
90th Percentile £638 £613 £598
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £425 £400
% change year-on-year +5.88% +6.25% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 251 234 297
UK median hourly rate £44.50 £42.50 £42.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +4.71% - +2.41%
10th Percentile £27.15 £26.58 £28.75
90th Percentile £55.50 £52.50 £60.40
UK excluding London median hourly rate £44.50 £42.50 £42.50
% change year-on-year +4.71% - +2.41%

Selenium
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Selenium as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Selenium in the UK

Selenium
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Selenium.

Contractor daily rate trend for Selenium in the UK

Selenium
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Selenium over the 6 months to 22 September 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Selenium in the UK

Selenium
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Selenium.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Selenium in the UK

Selenium
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Selenium over the 6 months to 22 September 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Selenium in the UK

Selenium
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Selenium within the UK over the 6 months to 22 September 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -24 1,703 £450 +1.12% 435
UK excluding London -20 1,075 £425 +6.25% 359
London -54 730 £450 -5.26% 113
South East +11 352 £450 +12.50% 83
North of England -8 279 £395 -1.25% 112
South West -19 154 £450 +12.50% 49
Yorkshire -6 126 £363 -6.57% 45
Midlands -39 111 £410 +0.61% 52
North West -59 78 £432 +4.73% 55
North East +57 75 £350 -13.85% 12
Scotland -5 75 £375 +3.45% 27
East of England +8 74 £425 +6.25% 26
West Midlands -45 65 £431 +1.47% 22
East Midlands -8 42 £400 - 30
Wales -17 31 £375 +4.17% 8
Northern Ireland -22 1 - - 2

For the 6 months to 22 September 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Selenium also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Selenium.

1 1,399 (76.49%) Test Automation
2 1,180 (64.52%) Agile Software Development
3 788 (43.08%) Java
4 777 (42.48%) Cucumber
5 554 (30.29%) Jenkins
6 546 (29.85%) JavaScript
7 537 (29.36%) BDD
8 503 (27.50%) QA
9 491 (26.85%) C#
10 458 (25.04%) Scrum
11 437 (23.89%) SQL
12 429 (23.46%) JIRA
13 417 (22.80%) DevOps
14 416 (22.74%) Git (software)
15 415 (22.69%) TDD
16 356 (19.46%) WebDriver
17 319 (17.44%) Continuous Integration
18 287 (15.69%) Azure
19 285 (15.58%) HTML
20 273 (14.93%) JMeter
21 272 (14.87%) Web Services
22 271 (14.82%) .NET
23 248 (13.56%) Gherkin
24 242 (13.23%) AngularJS
24 242 (13.23%) Finance
25 239 (13.07%) Python
26 237 (12.96%) CSS
27 225 (12.30%) Node.js
28 222 (12.14%) Docker
29 220 (12.03%) AWS

Selenium
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 191 (10.44%) Confluence
2 58 (3.17%) Elasticsearch
3 50 (2.73%) Tomcat
4 46 (2.52%) Apache
5 35 (1.91%) WebSphere
6 25 (1.37%) JBoss
7 24 (1.31%) nginx
8 22 (1.20%) WebLogic
9 21 (1.15%) Cloud Foundry
9 21 (1.15%) Drupal
10 20 (1.09%) CMS
10 20 (1.09%) Mule
11 18 (0.98%) SharePoint
12 17 (0.93%) Apache Solr
13 16 (0.87%) Apache Spark
14 14 (0.77%) Adobe Experience Manager
14 14 (0.77%) IIS
14 14 (0.77%) Magnolia
15 12 (0.66%) Oracle SOA Suite
16 10 (0.55%) Jetty
Applications
1 18 (0.98%) Microsoft Excel
2 6 (0.33%) Microsoft Office
3 2 (0.11%) MS Visio
4 1 (0.055%) Chatbot
4 1 (0.055%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 1 (0.055%) Microsoft Project
Business Applications
1 28 (1.53%) Dynamics CRM
2 13 (0.71%) Salesforce.com CRM
3 12 (0.66%) Magento
4 11 (0.60%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
5 4 (0.22%) Fredhopper
5 4 (0.22%) SAP Hybris
5 4 (0.22%) Temenos T24
6 3 (0.16%) Dynamics AX
6 3 (0.16%) Oracle BPM
6 3 (0.16%) SAP Oil and Gas
7 2 (0.11%) Dynamics NAV
7 2 (0.11%) Oracle Cash Management
7 2 (0.11%) SAP HR
8 1 (0.055%) Distributed Ledger
8 1 (0.055%) Infor M3
8 1 (0.055%) SAP ERP
8 1 (0.055%) SAP IS-U
8 1 (0.055%) Sentinel
8 1 (0.055%) Visualfiles
Cloud Services
1 287 (15.69%) Azure
2 220 (12.03%) AWS
3 169 (9.24%) GitHub
4 71 (3.88%) BrowserStack
5 68 (3.72%) Sauce Labs
6 53 (2.90%) GCP
7 45 (2.46%) Serverless
8 32 (1.75%) AWS Lambda
9 27 (1.48%) Amazon EC2
9 27 (1.48%) npm
10 25 (1.37%) Heroku
11 22 (1.20%) Dynamics 365
11 22 (1.20%) Google Analytics
12 21 (1.15%) AWS CloudFormation
12 21 (1.15%) PaaS
13 18 (0.98%) Amazon ECS
13 18 (0.98%) Amazon S3
14 17 (0.93%) Slack
15 16 (0.87%) Salesforce Service Cloud
16 15 (0.82%) BlazeMeter
Communications & Networking
1 61 (3.34%) HTTP
2 27 (1.48%) TCP/IP
3 25 (1.37%) SSL
4 13 (0.71%) SSH
5 12 (0.66%) Firewall
6 10 (0.55%) Internet
7 6 (0.33%) AMQP
8 5 (0.27%) ATM
8 5 (0.27%) DSL
9 4 (0.22%) DNS
10 3 (0.16%) Intranet
10 3 (0.16%) SNMP
10 3 (0.16%) Wi-Fi
11 2 (0.11%) HTTPS
11 2 (0.11%) IPv4
11 2 (0.11%) IPv6
11 2 (0.11%) Kerberos
11 2 (0.11%) PPP
11 2 (0.11%) VoIP
11 2 (0.11%) xDSL
Database & Business Intelligence
1 181 (9.90%) SQL Server
2 106 (5.80%) MongoDB
3 90 (4.92%) MySQL
4 86 (4.70%) Relational Database
5 59 (3.23%) PostgreSQL
6 51 (2.79%) NoSQL
7 50 (2.73%) Big Data
8 32 (1.75%) Data Warehouse
8 32 (1.75%) DB2
9 28 (1.53%) SQL Server Integration Services
10 26 (1.42%) Oracle Database
11 21 (1.15%) Azure SQL Database
11 21 (1.15%) Redis
12 20 (1.09%) SQL Server Reporting Services
13 19 (1.04%) Cosmos DB
14 16 (0.87%) Amazon DynamoDB
14 16 (0.87%) Hadoop
14 16 (0.87%) RDBMS
15 14 (0.77%) SQL Server 2012
16 9 (0.49%) DbVisualizer
Development Applications
1 777 (42.48%) Cucumber
2 554 (30.29%) Jenkins
3 429 (23.46%) JIRA
4 416 (22.74%) Git (software)
5 356 (19.46%) WebDriver
6 273 (14.93%) JMeter
7 211 (11.54%) SpecFlow
8 166 (9.08%) SoapUI
9 164 (8.97%) Maven
10 160 (8.75%) JUnit
11 113 (6.18%) Gatling
12 104 (5.69%) Visual Studio
13 98 (5.36%) TeamCity
13 98 (5.36%) Visual Studio Team System
14 97 (5.30%) Appium
15 79 (4.32%) Team Foundation Server
16 74 (4.05%) Bitbucket
17 65 (3.55%) Sonatype Nexus
18 60 (3.28%) Mocha
18 60 (3.28%) SonarQube
General
1 242 (13.23%) Finance
2 122 (6.67%) Banking
3 115 (6.29%) Public Sector
4 79 (4.32%) Retail
5 29 (1.59%) Front Office
6 25 (1.37%) Telecoms
7 23 (1.26%) Legal
8 22 (1.20%) Marketing
9 19 (1.04%) Games
9 19 (1.04%) Manufacturing
10 18 (0.98%) Back Office
11 17 (0.93%) Retail Banking
12 14 (0.77%) Law
13 10 (0.55%) Financial Institution
13 10 (0.55%) Investment Banking
14 8 (0.44%) Advertising
14 8 (0.44%) Electronics
15 6 (0.33%) Police
16 5 (0.27%) Automotive
17 3 (0.16%) Aerospace
Job Titles
1 474 (25.92%) Developer
2 398 (21.76%) Tester
3 298 (16.29%) Analyst
4 276 (15.09%) Automation Tester
5 267 (14.60%) Test Analyst
6 248 (13.56%) Test Engineer
7 146 (7.98%) Test Automation Engineer
8 135 (7.38%) Automation Test Analyst
9 111 (6.07%) Java Developer
10 105 (5.74%) QA Engineer
11 91 (4.98%) Developer in Test
12 72 (3.94%) QA Tester
13 71 (3.88%) DevOps Engineer
13 71 (3.88%) Test Leader
14 61 (3.34%) Software Developer
14 61 (3.34%) Test Automation Developer
15 57 (3.12%) Full Stack Developer
16 56 (3.06%) QA Leader
17 54 (2.95%) Automation Engineer
18 52 (2.84%) Selenium Tester
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 285 (15.58%) HTML
2 272 (14.87%) Web Services
3 271 (14.82%) .NET
4 248 (13.56%) Gherkin
5 242 (13.23%) AngularJS
6 237 (12.96%) CSS
7 225 (12.30%) Node.js
8 194 (10.61%) RESTful
9 192 (10.50%) REST
10 169 (9.24%) JSON
11 165 (9.02%) SOAP
12 159 (8.69%) Spring
13 143 (7.82%) XML
14 134 (7.33%) React
15 118 (6.45%) HTML5
16 87 (4.76%) Redux
16 87 (4.76%) Spring Boot
17 86 (4.70%) jQuery
18 69 (3.77%) .NET Framework
19 67 (3.66%) CSS3
Miscellaneous
1 90 (4.92%) User Experience
2 76 (4.16%) Analytical Skills
3 68 (3.72%) Mobile App
4 35 (1.91%) Greenfield Project
5 33 (1.80%) Self-Motivation
6 26 (1.42%) Virtual Team
7 24 (1.31%) Enterprise Software
8 19 (1.04%) EPoS
9 17 (0.93%) Wiki
10 16 (0.87%) Blog
10 16 (0.87%) Public Cloud
11 14 (0.77%) Derivative
12 12 (0.66%) Algorithms
12 12 (0.66%) Video on Demand
13 11 (0.60%) Linux Command Line
14 10 (0.55%) Data Structures
14 10 (0.55%) Mainframe
15 9 (0.49%) Client/Server
16 6 (0.33%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
16 6 (0.33%) NHS
Operating Systems
1 133 (7.27%) Linux
2 114 (6.23%) Windows
3 89 (4.87%) Unix
4 47 (2.57%) Android
4 47 (2.57%) Apple iOS
5 35 (1.91%) Ubuntu
6 25 (1.37%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 13 (0.71%) Mac OS X
8 12 (0.66%) Mac OS
9 11 (0.60%) CentOS
10 5 (0.27%) Windows Server
11 4 (0.22%) Debian
12 2 (0.11%) AIX
12 2 (0.11%) Solaris
12 2 (0.11%) Windows Server 2012
13 1 (0.055%) Windows 10
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,399 (76.49%) Test Automation
2 1,180 (64.52%) Agile Software Development
3 537 (29.36%) BDD
4 458 (25.04%) Scrum
5 417 (22.80%) DevOps
6 415 (22.69%) TDD
7 319 (17.44%) Continuous Integration
8 209 (11.43%) Test Scripting
9 201 (10.99%) Microservices
10 196 (10.72%) Performance Testing
11 191 (10.44%) Test Strategy
12 181 (9.90%) Regression Testing
13 177 (9.68%) API Testing
14 175 (9.57%) Kanban
15 162 (8.86%) SDET
16 146 (7.98%) Manual Testing
17 144 (7.87%) SDLC
18 142 (7.76%) Problem-Solving
19 129 (7.05%) User Stories
20 127 (6.94%) Functional Testing
Programming Languages
1 788 (43.08%) Java
2 546 (29.85%) JavaScript
3 491 (26.85%) C#
4 437 (23.89%) SQL
5 239 (13.07%) Python
6 76 (4.16%) Ruby
7 65 (3.55%) Scala
8 61 (3.34%) Java 8
9 53 (2.90%) ES6
10 50 (2.73%) Bash Shell
11 49 (2.68%) PowerShell
12 48 (2.62%) TypeScript
13 47 (2.57%) Groovy
14 45 (2.46%) PHP
15 42 (2.30%) Perl
16 41 (2.24%) PL/SQL
16 41 (2.24%) T-SQL
17 37 (2.02%) C
18 25 (1.37%) Go
19 23 (1.26%) C++
Qualifications
1 188 (10.28%) Security Cleared
2 159 (8.69%) ISTQB
3 140 (7.65%) ISEB
4 125 (6.83%) SC Cleared
5 69 (3.77%) Degree
6 50 (2.73%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
7 39 (2.13%) DV Cleared
8 23 (1.26%) BPSS Clearance
9 22 (1.20%) Computer Science Degree
10 11 (0.60%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
11 10 (0.55%) DBS Check
12 9 (0.49%) AWS Certification
13 6 (0.33%) CTC Cleared
14 5 (0.27%) BC Cleared
15 4 (0.22%) ISEB Practitioner
16 2 (0.11%) ITIL Certification
17 1 (0.055%) Master's Degree
17 1 (0.055%) Microsoft Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 503 (27.50%) QA
2 17 (0.93%) MiFID
3 14 (0.77%) WCAG
4 9 (0.49%) GDPR
5 7 (0.38%) Data Quality
6 2 (0.11%) Disclosure Scotland
6 2 (0.11%) HL7
6 2 (0.11%) PMBOK
7 1 (0.055%) ISO 9001
7 1 (0.055%) PCI DSS
7 1 (0.055%) PSD2
System Software
1 222 (12.14%) Docker
2 10 (0.55%) VMware Infrastructure
3 8 (0.44%) Active Directory
4 6 (0.33%) RACF
4 6 (0.33%) Virtual Machines
4 6 (0.33%) vSphere
5 3 (0.16%) HDFS
5 3 (0.16%) KVM
5 3 (0.16%) oVirt
5 3 (0.16%) VirtualBox
6 2 (0.11%) Active Directory Lightweight Directory Services
7 1 (0.055%) Postfix
Systems Management
1 109 (5.96%) Kubernetes
2 60 (3.28%) Ansible
3 59 (3.23%) Terraform
4 45 (2.46%) Kibana
4 45 (2.46%) Puppet
5 38 (2.08%) HP Quality Center
6 36 (1.97%) Opscode Chef
7 24 (1.31%) Grafana
8 15 (0.82%) HP ALM
9 12 (0.66%) Consul
10 9 (0.49%) logstash
11 5 (0.27%) Salt
11 5 (0.27%) ZABBIX
12 4 (0.22%) Hadoop YARN
12 4 (0.22%) NetIQ Identity Manager
12 4 (0.22%) Oracle Identity Manager
13 3 (0.16%) CA Service Virtualization
13 3 (0.16%) Graphite
13 3 (0.16%) Nessus
13 3 (0.16%) Pingdom
Vendors
1 176 (9.62%) Microsoft
2 157 (8.58%) Oracle
3 70 (3.83%) Google
4 53 (2.90%) Atlassian
5 45 (2.46%) HP
6 41 (2.24%) Cypress Semiconductor
7 39 (2.13%) IBM
7 39 (2.13%) Salesforce.com
7 39 (2.13%) Splunk
8 29 (1.59%) Adobe
9 27 (1.48%) SAP
10 24 (1.31%) MuleSoft
11 21 (1.15%) hybris
12 17 (0.93%) Red Hat
12 17 (0.93%) webMethods
13 16 (0.87%) AppDynamics
14 13 (0.71%) VMware
15 12 (0.66%) F5
15 12 (0.66%) Sparx
16 10 (0.55%) Elastic Path