Period
to 22 September 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Selenium skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Selenium over the 6 months to 22 September 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Selenium
UK
6 months to
22 Sep 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 159 117 88
Rank change year-on-year -42 -29 +46
Contract jobs citing Selenium 494 1,829 2,877
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 1.66% 2.09% 2.82%
As % of the Development Applications category 9.39% 11.51% 13.55%
Number of daily rates quoted 394 1,277 1,905
Median daily rate £438 £438 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +2.94% +0.59%
10th Percentile £315 £313 £310
90th Percentile £571 £575 £575
UK excluding London median daily rate £435 £425 £400
% change year-on-year +2.35% +6.25% +6.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 9 9 9
Median hourly rate £35.00 £45.00 £37.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -22.22% +20.00% -21.05%
UK excluding London median hourly rate £47.50 £40.00 £37.50
% change year-on-year +18.75% +6.67% -21.05%

Selenium is in the Development Applications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for development application skills.

All Development Application Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for development application skills 5,263 15,886 21,233
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 17.71% 18.18% 20.83%
Number of daily rates quoted 3,407 10,342 14,570
Median daily rate £495 £475 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +4.21% - +5.56%
10th Percentile £325 £325 £325
90th Percentile £650 £638 £613
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £450 £425
% change year-on-year - +5.88% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 110 251 234
Median hourly rate £41.00 £44.50 £42.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -7.87% +4.71% -
10th Percentile £28.18 £27.15 £26.58
90th Percentile £55.00 £55.50 £52.50
Median hourly rate £44.50 £44.50 £42.50
% change year-on-year - +4.71% -

Selenium
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Selenium as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Selenium in the UK

Selenium
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Selenium.

Daily rate trend for Selenium in the UK

Selenium
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Selenium over the 6 months to 22 September 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Selenium in the UK

Selenium
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Selenium.

Hourly rate trend for Selenium in the UK

Selenium
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Selenium over the 6 months to 22 September 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for Selenium in the UK

Selenium
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Selenium within the UK over the 6 months to 22 September 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -52 430 £435 -2.25% 152
UK excluding London -3 280 £435 +2.35% 118
London -43 182 £450 - 46
North of England -3 79 £460 +15.72% 34
South East +3 62 £430 -4.44% 31
Work from Home -46 57 £440 +10.00% 26
Midlands +40 42 £354 -13.68% 12
North West +45 35 £450 +2.04% 18
Scotland +35 34 £450 +20.00% 6
South West +6 34 £422 -6.26% 18
East of England +43 26 £450 +5.88% 11
West Midlands +38 25 £423 -3.43% 10
Yorkshire -3 24 £475 +31.03% 12
North East -4 20 £500 +42.86% 4
East Midlands +43 17 £308 -23.13% 2
Wales +13 2 £375 - 7
Northern Ireland +16 1 £424 -

For the 6 months to 22 September 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Selenium also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Selenium.

1 392 (79.35%) Test Automation
2 332 (67.21%) Agile Software Development
3 271 (54.86%) Java
4 212 (42.91%) Cucumber
5 167 (33.81%) DevOps
6 164 (33.20%) JIRA
7 159 (32.19%) Jenkins
8 146 (29.55%) BDD
8 146 (29.55%) SQL
9 141 (28.54%) Git (software)
10 139 (28.14%) Continuous Integration
10 139 (28.14%) Security Cleared
11 138 (27.94%) Scrum
12 130 (26.32%) QA
13 123 (24.90%) TDD
14 118 (23.89%) SC Cleared
15 116 (23.48%) JavaScript
16 110 (22.27%) C#
17 109 (22.06%) REST
18 96 (19.43%) SOAP
19 86 (17.41%) Microsoft
19 86 (17.41%) Azure
20 84 (17.00%) SoapUI
21 82 (16.60%) Microservices
22 78 (15.79%) Confluence
23 75 (15.18%) AWS
24 72 (14.57%) JUnit
24 72 (14.57%) API Testing
25 67 (13.56%) Oracle
25 67 (13.56%) JMeter

Selenium
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 78 (15.79%) Confluence
2 33 (6.68%) Mule
3 22 (4.45%) WebLogic
4 18 (3.64%) NServiceBus
5 17 (3.44%) Elasticsearch
6 15 (3.04%) Cloud Foundry
7 13 (2.63%) JBoss
7 13 (2.63%) Tomcat
8 11 (2.23%) SharePoint
9 5 (1.01%) IIS
9 5 (1.01%) Jetty
9 5 (1.01%) MQSeries
9 5 (1.01%) Oracle Self-Service HR
9 5 (1.01%) Oracle SOA Suite
9 5 (1.01%) Red Hat Fuse
10 4 (0.81%) CMS
10 4 (0.81%) WebSphere
11 3 (0.61%) Adobe Experience Manager
12 2 (0.40%) Apache
12 2 (0.40%) Sitecore CMS
Applications
1 13 (2.63%) Microsoft Excel
2 8 (1.62%) Microsoft Office
3 5 (1.01%) MS Visio
4 2 (0.40%) Photoshop
Business Applications
1 32 (6.48%) Dynamics CRM
2 12 (2.43%) Teamcenter
3 10 (2.02%) SAP FI-CA
4 5 (1.01%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
5 2 (0.40%) SAP Hybris
6 1 (0.20%) Maximo
6 1 (0.20%) SAP PSCD
6 1 (0.20%) Shopify
6 1 (0.20%) Visualfiles
Cloud Services
1 86 (17.41%) Azure
2 75 (15.18%) AWS
3 53 (10.73%) GitHub
4 24 (4.86%) Slack
5 23 (4.66%) BrowserStack
6 20 (4.05%) npm
7 19 (3.85%) GCP
8 16 (3.24%) SaaS
9 7 (1.42%) BlazeMeter
10 6 (1.21%) Google Analytics
11 5 (1.01%) Office 365
11 5 (1.01%) PaaS
11 5 (1.01%) Sauce Labs
11 5 (1.01%) Serverless
11 5 (1.01%) Tricentis Tosca
12 4 (0.81%) Azure Data Factory
12 4 (0.81%) Datadog
12 4 (0.81%) Dynamics 365
12 4 (0.81%) Firebase
12 4 (0.81%) Power Platform
Communications & Networking
1 21 (4.25%) SSL
2 17 (3.44%) TCP/IP
3 11 (2.23%) DNS
4 10 (2.02%) HTTP
5 9 (1.82%) Firewall
5 9 (1.82%) Reverse Proxy
6 6 (1.21%) SSH
7 5 (1.01%) DSL
7 5 (1.01%) Internet
8 3 (0.61%) Skype
9 1 (0.20%) 3G
9 1 (0.20%) 4G
9 1 (0.20%) 5G
9 1 (0.20%) HTTPS
9 1 (0.20%) Intranet
9 1 (0.20%) WebEx
Database & Business Intelligence
1 45 (9.11%) SQL Server
2 38 (7.69%) MongoDB
3 36 (7.29%) MySQL
4 19 (3.85%) Hadoop
4 19 (3.85%) Oracle Database
5 14 (2.83%) PostgreSQL
6 12 (2.43%) NoSQL
7 9 (1.82%) Apache Hive
7 9 (1.82%) Couchbase
7 9 (1.82%) Relational Database
8 8 (1.62%) Cosmos DB
9 7 (1.42%) Data Warehouse
9 7 (1.42%) DB2
10 6 (1.21%) Apache Cassandra
10 6 (1.21%) Azure SQL Database
11 5 (1.01%) Amazon DynamoDB
11 5 (1.01%) Big Data
11 5 (1.01%) Data Lake
12 4 (0.81%) Power BI
12 4 (0.81%) ZAP BI
Development Applications
1 212 (42.91%) Cucumber
2 164 (33.20%) JIRA
3 159 (32.19%) Jenkins
4 141 (28.54%) Git (software)
5 84 (17.00%) SoapUI
6 72 (14.57%) JUnit
7 67 (13.56%) JMeter
8 62 (12.55%) SpecFlow
9 59 (11.94%) WebDriver
10 51 (10.32%) Postman
11 46 (9.31%) Maven
12 41 (8.30%) Team Foundation Server
13 28 (5.67%) Cypress.io
13 28 (5.67%) Gatling
14 27 (5.47%) Subversion
15 26 (5.26%) Bitbucket
16 25 (5.06%) REST Assured
17 22 (4.45%) Jasmine
17 22 (4.45%) Mockito
18 21 (4.25%) Visual Studio
General
1 62 (12.55%) Finance
2 60 (12.15%) Public Sector
3 29 (5.87%) Banking
4 8 (1.62%) Telecoms
5 5 (1.01%) Investment Banking
5 5 (1.01%) Marketing
6 3 (0.61%) Back Office
6 3 (0.61%) Electronics
6 3 (0.61%) Financial Institution
6 3 (0.61%) Front Office
6 3 (0.61%) Manufacturing
7 2 (0.40%) General Ledger
7 2 (0.40%) Law
7 2 (0.40%) Legal
7 2 (0.40%) Police
7 2 (0.40%) Retail
8 1 (0.20%) Housing Association
8 1 (0.20%) Local Government
8 1 (0.20%) Pharmaceutical
8 1 (0.20%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 106 (21.46%) Tester
2 94 (19.03%) Developer
3 82 (16.60%) Test Engineer
4 65 (13.16%) Automation Tester
5 56 (11.34%) Analyst
6 53 (10.73%) Test Automation Engineer
7 50 (10.12%) Test Analyst
8 42 (8.50%) QA Engineer
9 30 (6.07%) Java Engineer
10 29 (5.87%) .NET Developer
11 25 (5.06%) DevOps Engineer
11 25 (5.06%) QA Automation Engineer
12 24 (4.86%) QA Tester
12 24 (4.86%) Senior Tester
13 23 (4.66%) Java Developer
14 17 (3.44%) Automation Engineer
14 17 (3.44%) Automation Test Analyst
14 17 (3.44%) Senior Automation Tester
14 17 (3.44%) Software Engineer
14 17 (3.44%) Test Manager
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 109 (22.06%) REST
2 96 (19.43%) SOAP
3 63 (12.75%) .NET
3 63 (12.75%) Web Services
4 59 (11.94%) HTML
5 57 (11.54%) Spring
6 54 (10.93%) Gherkin
6 54 (10.93%) XML
7 51 (10.32%) AngularJS
7 51 (10.32%) CSS
8 50 (10.12%) Node.js
9 47 (9.51%) JSON
10 37 (7.49%) .NET Framework
11 36 (7.29%) ASP.NET
12 32 (6.48%) HTML5
12 32 (6.48%) Jest
12 32 (6.48%) Spring Boot
13 28 (5.67%) RESTful
14 27 (5.47%) React
15 22 (4.45%) Redux
Miscellaneous
1 30 (6.07%) Mobile App
2 16 (3.24%) User Experience
3 13 (2.63%) Analytical Skills
4 9 (1.82%) Self-Motivation
5 7 (1.42%) Data Structures
5 7 (1.42%) Enterprise Software
5 7 (1.42%) N-Tier
6 6 (1.21%) Management Information System
6 6 (1.21%) Public Cloud
7 5 (1.01%) Derivative
7 5 (1.01%) Greenfield Project
7 5 (1.01%) Private Cloud
8 4 (0.81%) Algorithms
8 4 (0.81%) Mainframe
9 3 (0.61%) Linux Command Line
10 2 (0.40%) NHS
11 1 (0.20%) Client/Server
11 1 (0.20%) Graphic Design
11 1 (0.20%) Smart Meter
11 1 (0.20%) Smartphone
Operating Systems
1 54 (10.93%) Linux
2 49 (9.92%) Windows
3 43 (8.70%) Unix
4 12 (2.43%) Android
5 9 (1.82%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 8 (1.62%) Apple iOS
7 6 (1.21%) Mac OS X
8 5 (1.01%) CentOS
8 5 (1.01%) Debian
8 5 (1.01%) Ubuntu
9 1 (0.20%) Windows Mobile
Processes & Methodologies
1 392 (79.35%) Test Automation
2 332 (67.21%) Agile Software Development
3 167 (33.81%) DevOps
4 146 (29.55%) BDD
5 139 (28.14%) Continuous Integration
6 138 (27.94%) Scrum
7 123 (24.90%) TDD
8 82 (16.60%) Microservices
9 72 (14.57%) API Testing
10 66 (13.36%) Regression Testing
11 65 (13.16%) Performance Testing
12 64 (12.96%) Unit Testing
13 60 (12.15%) Test Scripting
14 57 (11.54%) Non-Functional Testing
15 56 (11.34%) Kanban
16 52 (10.53%) Test Strategy
17 50 (10.12%) Functional Testing
18 45 (9.11%) Continuous Delivery
18 45 (9.11%) Integration Testing
19 38 (7.69%) Problem-Solving
Programming Languages
1 271 (54.86%) Java
2 146 (29.55%) SQL
3 116 (23.48%) JavaScript
4 110 (22.27%) C#
5 59 (11.94%) Python
6 28 (5.67%) PowerShell
7 23 (4.66%) PL/SQL
8 22 (4.45%) Scala
9 18 (3.64%) ES6
9 18 (3.64%) Groovy
9 18 (3.64%) Perl
10 16 (3.24%) Java 8
10 16 (3.24%) Ruby
11 14 (2.83%) PHP
12 13 (2.63%) C++
12 13 (2.63%) VB.NET
13 11 (2.23%) Bash Shell
13 11 (2.23%) Shell Script
14 10 (2.02%) C
14 10 (2.02%) TypeScript
Qualifications
1 139 (28.14%) Security Cleared
2 118 (23.89%) SC Cleared
3 65 (13.16%) ISTQB
4 52 (10.53%) ISEB
5 36 (7.29%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
6 13 (2.63%) BPSS Clearance
6 13 (2.63%) Degree
7 10 (2.02%) DV Cleared
8 8 (1.62%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
9 6 (1.21%) Computer Science Degree
10 2 (0.40%) DBS Check
11 1 (0.20%) ISEB Practitioner
11 1 (0.20%) PRINCE2 Practitioner
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 130 (26.32%) QA
2 11 (2.23%) WCAG
3 8 (1.62%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 6 (1.21%) NIST
5 2 (0.40%) Data Quality
5 2 (0.40%) ISO 9001
6 1 (0.20%) JSP 440
System Software
1 59 (11.94%) Docker
2 9 (1.82%) HDFS
3 6 (1.21%) Active Directory
4 3 (0.61%) RACF
5 1 (0.20%) Hyper-V
Systems Management
1 49 (9.92%) Kubernetes
2 25 (5.06%) Ansible
2 25 (5.06%) Terraform
3 19 (3.85%) Puppet
4 17 (3.44%) HP ALM
5 14 (2.83%) Opscode Chef
6 9 (1.82%) Rancher
7 8 (1.62%) Nagios
8 7 (1.42%) Grafana
8 7 (1.42%) HP Fortify
8 7 (1.42%) HP Quality Center
8 7 (1.42%) Kibana
9 5 (1.01%) Salt
10 4 (0.81%) ZABBIX
11 3 (0.61%) Rundeck
12 2 (0.40%) Nessus
13 1 (0.20%) Giant Swarm
13 1 (0.20%) Prometheus
13 1 (0.20%) Single Sign-On
13 1 (0.20%) yum
Vendors
1 86 (17.41%) Microsoft
2 67 (13.56%) Oracle
3 21 (4.25%) Splunk
4 20 (4.05%) SAP
5 17 (3.44%) HP
6 16 (3.24%) AppDynamics
7 14 (2.83%) Blue Coat
7 14 (2.83%) F5
7 14 (2.83%) MuleSoft
8 13 (2.63%) Google
9 11 (2.23%) Atlassian
9 11 (2.23%) Sonatype
10 8 (1.62%) IBM
10 8 (1.62%) Red Hat
11 7 (1.42%) Micro Focus
11 7 (1.42%) webMethods
12 6 (1.21%) Black Duck
12 6 (1.21%) Qualys
13 5 (1.01%) CA Agile Central
13 5 (1.01%) New Relic