Period
to 15 July 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Selenium skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Selenium over the 6 months to 15 July 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Selenium
UK
6 months to
15 Jul 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 128 116 98
Rank change year-on-year -12 -18 +17
Contract jobs citing Selenium 755 2,037 2,663
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 1.90% 2.19% 2.57%
As % of the Development Applications category 10.45% 11.20% 12.84%
Number of daily rates quoted 521 1,402 1,777
Median daily rate £425 £425 £425
10th Percentile £315 £313 £306
90th Percentile £563 £550 £575
UK excluding London median daily rate £421 £425 £400
% change year-on-year -0.94% +6.25% +9.59%
Number of hourly rates quoted 13 8 16
Median hourly rate £35.00 £37.50 £42.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -6.67% -11.76% -15.00%
UK excluding London median hourly rate £35.00 £40.00 £42.50
% change year-on-year -12.50% -5.88% -15.00%

Selenium is in the Development Applications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for development application skills.

All Development Application Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for development application skills 7,222 18,190 20,741
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 18.18% 19.55% 19.99%
Number of daily rates quoted 4,679 11,959 14,261
Median daily rate £500 £475 £468
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.26% +1.60% +6.86%
10th Percentile £325 £331 £316
90th Percentile £663 £638 £613
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £450 £425
% change year-on-year - +5.88% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 129 312 241
Median hourly rate £42.50 £43.00 £42.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -1.16% +1.18% -
10th Percentile £21.63 £25.05 £25.40
90th Percentile £60.25 £53.75 £60.00
Median hourly rate £42.75 £43.00 £42.50
% change year-on-year -0.58% +1.18% -

Selenium
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Selenium as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Selenium in the UK

Selenium
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Selenium.

Daily rate trend for Selenium in the UK

Selenium
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Selenium over the 6 months to 15 July 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Selenium in the UK

Selenium
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Selenium.

Hourly rate trend for Selenium in the UK

Selenium
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Selenium over the 6 months to 15 July 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for Selenium in the UK

Selenium
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Selenium within the UK over the 6 months to 15 July 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -29 650 £435 +1.16% 106
UK excluding London -2 450 £421 -0.94% 101
London -33 274 £450 - 27
South East +2 104 £438 +0.57% 14
North of England -20 95 £450 +12.50% 31
South West +24 74 £440 +3.53% 21
Scotland +29 61 £375 -6.25% 16
Midlands +18 56 £358 -12.18% 7
North West +2 44 £405 -4.71% 20
Work from Home +1 43 £440 +10.00% 16
East of England +30 42 £425 +6.25% 6
West Midlands +13 34 £415 -2.35% 3
Yorkshire +18 30 £403 +11.03% 10
East Midlands +49 22 £293 -17.46% 3
North East -11 21 £471 +39.63% 1
Wales +33 18 £400 -5.88% 3

For the 6 months to 15 July 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Selenium also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Selenium.

1 582 (77.09%) Test Automation
2 477 (63.18%) Agile Software Development
3 348 (46.09%) Java
4 287 (38.01%) Cucumber
5 242 (32.05%) DevOps
6 225 (29.80%) JIRA
7 208 (27.55%) BDD
8 203 (26.89%) Jenkins
9 199 (26.36%) Scrum
10 197 (26.09%) SQL
11 178 (23.58%) JavaScript
12 169 (22.38%) C#
13 168 (22.25%) QA
14 165 (21.85%) Git (software)
15 164 (21.72%) Security Cleared
16 150 (19.87%) TDD
17 146 (19.34%) Azure
18 138 (18.28%) SC Cleared
19 132 (17.48%) Continuous Integration
20 125 (16.56%) SoapUI
21 124 (16.42%) REST
22 116 (15.36%) WebDriver
23 113 (14.97%) SOAP
24 111 (14.70%) Test Scripting
25 110 (14.57%) Microsoft
26 108 (14.30%) AWS
27 107 (14.17%) API Testing
28 102 (13.51%) Microservices
28 102 (13.51%) Web Services
28 102 (13.51%) Finance

Selenium
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 88 (11.66%) Confluence
2 36 (4.77%) Elasticsearch
3 20 (2.65%) Mule
4 18 (2.38%) NServiceBus
5 17 (2.25%) Tomcat
6 15 (1.99%) WebLogic
7 12 (1.59%) JBoss
8 11 (1.46%) Cloud Foundry
9 10 (1.32%) nginx
9 10 (1.32%) WebSphere
10 8 (1.06%) IIS
11 4 (0.53%) Apache
11 4 (0.53%) Apache Spark
11 4 (0.53%) Oracle SOA Suite
11 4 (0.53%) SharePoint
12 3 (0.40%) Adobe Experience Manager
13 2 (0.26%) GemFire
13 2 (0.26%) OpenStack
13 2 (0.26%) Oracle Self-Service HR
13 2 (0.26%) WildFly
Applications
1 19 (2.52%) Microsoft Office
2 16 (2.12%) Microsoft Excel
3 4 (0.53%) MS Visio
4 3 (0.40%) InVision
4 3 (0.40%) Sketch
5 1 (0.13%) Microsoft PowerPoint
Business Applications
1 12 (1.59%) Teamcenter
2 7 (0.93%) Dynamics CRM
2 7 (0.93%) SAP FI-CA
2 7 (0.93%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
3 3 (0.40%) Maximo
3 3 (0.40%) SAP Hybris
3 3 (0.40%) SAP PSCD
4 1 (0.13%) Endur
4 1 (0.13%) Salesforce.com CRM
4 1 (0.13%) SAP Business ByDesign
4 1 (0.13%) Shopify
4 1 (0.13%) Visualfiles
Cloud Services
1 146 (19.34%) Azure
2 108 (14.30%) AWS
3 67 (8.87%) GitHub
4 30 (3.97%) GCP
5 25 (3.31%) npm
6 21 (2.78%) Slack
7 17 (2.25%) SaaS
8 14 (1.85%) Serverless
9 12 (1.59%) BlazeMeter
9 12 (1.59%) BrowserStack
9 12 (1.59%) Sauce Labs
10 10 (1.32%) AWS Lambda
11 9 (1.19%) Heroku
12 7 (0.93%) Amazon S3
12 7 (0.93%) AWS CloudFormation
12 7 (0.93%) Boomi
12 7 (0.93%) Dynamics 365
12 7 (0.93%) OpenShift
12 7 (0.93%) PaaS
13 6 (0.79%) Tricentis Tosca
Communications & Networking
1 19 (2.52%) HTTP
2 17 (2.25%) TCP/IP
3 16 (2.12%) DNS
3 16 (2.12%) SSL
4 15 (1.99%) Firewall
5 10 (1.32%) Reverse Proxy
6 7 (0.93%) Internet
7 4 (0.53%) SSH
8 3 (0.40%) AMQP
8 3 (0.40%) DSL
8 3 (0.40%) Skype
9 2 (0.26%) HTTPS
9 2 (0.26%) tcpdump
9 2 (0.26%) VPN
9 2 (0.26%) Wireshark
10 1 (0.13%) 2G
10 1 (0.13%) 3G
10 1 (0.13%) 5G
10 1 (0.13%) Intranet
10 1 (0.13%) LAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 73 (9.67%) SQL Server
2 56 (7.42%) MySQL
3 53 (7.02%) MongoDB
4 31 (4.11%) PostgreSQL
5 19 (2.52%) NoSQL
6 18 (2.38%) DB2
7 11 (1.46%) Hadoop
7 11 (1.46%) Relational Database
8 9 (1.19%) DB2 UDB
9 8 (1.06%) Apache Hive
9 8 (1.06%) Azure SQL Database
9 8 (1.06%) Oracle Database
10 7 (0.93%) Apache Cassandra
10 7 (0.93%) Big Data
10 7 (0.93%) Data Warehouse
10 7 (0.93%) SQL Server Integration Services
11 6 (0.79%) SQL Server Reporting Services
12 5 (0.66%) Couchbase
12 5 (0.66%) MariaDB
12 5 (0.66%) SQL Server 2012
Development Applications
1 287 (38.01%) Cucumber
2 225 (29.80%) JIRA
3 203 (26.89%) Jenkins
4 165 (21.85%) Git (software)
5 125 (16.56%) SoapUI
6 116 (15.36%) WebDriver
7 92 (12.19%) SpecFlow
8 87 (11.52%) JMeter
9 86 (11.39%) Postman
10 77 (10.20%) JUnit
11 60 (7.95%) Team Foundation Server
12 47 (6.23%) Maven
13 37 (4.90%) Visual Studio
14 36 (4.77%) Jasmine
15 31 (4.11%) Mocha
16 30 (3.97%) Cypress.io
17 29 (3.84%) Bitbucket
17 29 (3.84%) REST Assured
18 28 (3.71%) Gatling
19 27 (3.58%) NUnit
General
1 102 (13.51%) Finance
2 77 (10.20%) Public Sector
3 46 (6.09%) Banking
4 10 (1.32%) Retail
5 8 (1.06%) Telecoms
6 7 (0.93%) Retail Banking
7 6 (0.79%) Marketing
7 6 (0.79%) Police
8 5 (0.66%) Manufacturing
9 4 (0.53%) Back Office
9 4 (0.53%) Electronics
10 3 (0.40%) Legal
11 2 (0.26%) Advertising
11 2 (0.26%) Corporate Banking
11 2 (0.26%) Financial Institution
11 2 (0.26%) Games
11 2 (0.26%) Investment Banking
11 2 (0.26%) Pharmaceutical
12 1 (0.13%) French Language
12 1 (0.13%) Front Office
Job Titles
1 173 (22.91%) Tester
2 163 (21.59%) Developer
3 136 (18.01%) Analyst
4 121 (16.03%) Automation Tester
5 112 (14.83%) Test Analyst
6 95 (12.58%) Test Engineer
7 60 (7.95%) Test Automation Engineer
8 42 (5.56%) QA Engineer
9 38 (5.03%) Automation Test Analyst
10 31 (4.11%) Full Stack Developer
10 31 (4.11%) Java Developer
11 29 (3.84%) DevOps Engineer
11 29 (3.84%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
12 27 (3.58%) .NET Developer
12 27 (3.58%) Senior Tester
13 25 (3.31%) Selenium Tester
14 24 (3.18%) QA Tester
15 23 (3.05%) Developer in Test
15 23 (3.05%) React Developer
16 22 (2.91%) Selenium Automation Tester
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 124 (16.42%) REST
2 113 (14.97%) SOAP
3 102 (13.51%) Web Services
4 98 (12.98%) HTML
5 95 (12.58%) AngularJS
6 85 (11.26%) .NET
7 80 (10.60%) Node.js
8 73 (9.67%) Gherkin
9 68 (9.01%) XML
10 65 (8.61%) CSS
11 58 (7.68%) JSON
12 57 (7.55%) React
13 56 (7.42%) HTML5
14 54 (7.15%) RESTful
15 51 (6.75%) Spring
16 38 (5.03%) ASP.NET
17 35 (4.64%) .NET Framework
18 32 (4.24%) Jest
19 25 (3.31%) Express
19 25 (3.31%) Spring Boot
Miscellaneous
1 45 (5.96%) Analytical Skills
2 44 (5.83%) Mobile App
3 30 (3.97%) User Experience
4 16 (2.12%) Greenfield Project
5 12 (1.59%) Mainframe
5 12 (1.59%) Self-Motivation
6 11 (1.46%) Linux Command Line
6 11 (1.46%) SCORM
6 11 (1.46%) W3C
7 7 (0.93%) Virtual Team
8 6 (0.79%) Enterprise Software
8 6 (0.79%) Public Cloud
9 5 (0.66%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
9 5 (0.66%) Management Information System
10 4 (0.53%) Private Cloud
11 3 (0.40%) Client/Server
11 3 (0.40%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
11 3 (0.40%) NHS
11 3 (0.40%) N-Tier
11 3 (0.40%) Smart Meter
Operating Systems
1 82 (10.86%) Linux
2 78 (10.33%) Windows
3 60 (7.95%) Unix
4 25 (3.31%) Android
5 22 (2.91%) Apple iOS
6 14 (1.85%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 5 (0.66%) Ubuntu
8 4 (0.53%) Mac OS X
9 3 (0.40%) CentOS
9 3 (0.40%) Windows Server 2012
10 2 (0.26%) Debian
10 2 (0.26%) Solaris
10 2 (0.26%) Windows Server 2008
10 2 (0.26%) Windows Server 2016
11 1 (0.13%) Windows Mobile
11 1 (0.13%) Windows Server
Processes & Methodologies
1 582 (77.09%) Test Automation
2 477 (63.18%) Agile Software Development
3 242 (32.05%) DevOps
4 208 (27.55%) BDD
5 199 (26.36%) Scrum
6 150 (19.87%) TDD
7 132 (17.48%) Continuous Integration
8 111 (14.70%) Test Scripting
9 107 (14.17%) API Testing
10 102 (13.51%) Microservices
11 77 (10.20%) Non-Functional Testing
12 74 (9.80%) Kanban
12 74 (9.80%) Problem-Solving
12 74 (9.80%) Regression Testing
13 73 (9.67%) Performance Testing
13 73 (9.67%) Test Strategy
14 62 (8.21%) Functional Testing
15 61 (8.08%) Unit Testing
16 60 (7.95%) Integration Testing
17 53 (7.02%) Open Source
Programming Languages
1 348 (46.09%) Java
2 197 (26.09%) SQL
3 178 (23.58%) JavaScript
4 169 (22.38%) C#
5 85 (11.26%) Python
6 47 (6.23%) PowerShell
7 34 (4.50%) TypeScript
8 27 (3.58%) Scala
9 26 (3.44%) Groovy
10 25 (3.31%) Ruby
11 20 (2.65%) Perl
12 19 (2.52%) C
12 19 (2.52%) Java 8
13 18 (2.38%) PHP
14 14 (1.85%) T-SQL
15 12 (1.59%) ES6
15 12 (1.59%) Shell Script
16 11 (1.46%) Go
16 11 (1.46%) PL/SQL
17 10 (1.32%) C++
Qualifications
1 164 (21.72%) Security Cleared
2 138 (18.28%) SC Cleared
3 97 (12.85%) ISTQB
4 77 (10.20%) ISEB
5 50 (6.62%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
6 22 (2.91%) Degree
7 16 (2.12%) BPSS Clearance
8 13 (1.72%) DV Cleared
9 8 (1.06%) Computer Science Degree
10 5 (0.66%) AWS Certification
10 5 (0.66%) CTC Cleared
10 5 (0.66%) DBS Check
10 5 (0.66%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
11 2 (0.26%) ISEB Practitioner
11 2 (0.26%) Master's Degree
12 1 (0.13%) BC Cleared
12 1 (0.13%) Numerate Degree
12 1 (0.13%) PRINCE2 Practitioner
12 1 (0.13%) SANS
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 168 (22.25%) QA
2 20 (2.65%) WCAG
3 1 (0.13%) GDPR
3 1 (0.13%) ISO 20022
3 1 (0.13%) ISO 9001
3 1 (0.13%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 1 (0.13%) JSP 440
3 1 (0.13%) PSD2
3 1 (0.13%) SEPA
System Software
1 96 (12.72%) Docker
2 13 (1.72%) Active Directory
3 9 (1.19%) HDFS
3 9 (1.19%) RACF
4 2 (0.26%) Hyper-V
4 2 (0.26%) vSphere
5 1 (0.13%) VMware Infrastructure
Systems Management
1 64 (8.48%) Kubernetes
2 63 (8.34%) Terraform
3 41 (5.43%) Ansible
4 23 (3.05%) Opscode Chef
5 17 (2.25%) Puppet
6 9 (1.19%) Kibana
7 8 (1.06%) Consul
7 8 (1.06%) HP ALM
8 7 (0.93%) Grafana
8 7 (0.93%) Rancher
9 5 (0.66%) HP Quality Center
9 5 (0.66%) Nagios
9 5 (0.66%) ZABBIX
10 3 (0.40%) Packer
11 2 (0.26%) HAProxy
11 2 (0.26%) OpenNebula
11 2 (0.26%) Salt
11 2 (0.26%) Single Sign-On
12 1 (0.13%) Nessus
12 1 (0.13%) yum
Vendors
1 110 (14.57%) Microsoft
2 72 (9.54%) Oracle
3 24 (3.18%) SAP
4 22 (2.91%) Google
5 19 (2.52%) Atlassian
6 18 (2.38%) Splunk
7 12 (1.59%) HP
7 12 (1.59%) Red Hat
8 11 (1.46%) AppDynamics
8 11 (1.46%) IBM
9 9 (1.19%) Blue Coat
9 9 (1.19%) F5
9 9 (1.19%) webMethods
10 8 (1.06%) MuleSoft
10 8 (1.06%) New Relic
11 7 (0.93%) Dell
11 7 (0.93%) Sparx
12 5 (0.66%) Salesforce.com
12 5 (0.66%) Sonatype
13 4 (0.53%) ServiceNow