Period
to 21 September 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Selenium skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Selenium over the 6 months to 21 September 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Selenium
UK
6 months to
21 Sep 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 189 163 122
Rank change year-on-year -26 -41 -31
Contract jobs citing Selenium 1,142 489 1,836
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 1.43% 1.66% 2.09%
As % of the Development Applications category 7.86% 9.38% 11.47%
Number of daily rates quoted 831 365 1,260
10th Percentile £325 £315 £313
25th Percentile £391 £375 £363
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £450 £438 £438
Median % change year-on-year +2.86% - +2.94%
75th Percentile £525 £506 £510
90th Percentile £600 £550 £575
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £432 £425
% change year-on-year -1.62% +1.65% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 23 3 7
10th Percentile £44.80 £47.31 £29.55
25th Percentile £52.75 £48.91 £37.88
Median hourly rate £65.50 £53.13 £46.67
Median % change year-on-year +23.29% +13.83% +43.60%
75th Percentile £67.15 £60.34 £50.88
90th Percentile £73.28 £63.74 £61.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £65.50 £53.13 £45.84
% change year-on-year +23.29% +15.90% +30.96%

Selenium is in the Development Applications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for development application skills.

All Development Application Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for development application skills 14,534 5,213 16,004
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 18.20% 17.71% 18.19%
Number of daily rates quoted 9,975 3,631 10,569
10th Percentile £363 £325 £325
25th Percentile £425 £410 £400
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £500 £500 £475
Median % change year-on-year - +5.26% -
75th Percentile £600 £575 £575
90th Percentile £693 £650 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £463 £450 £450
% change year-on-year +2.78% - +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 215 76 222
10th Percentile £25.35 £23.25 £24.04
25th Percentile £41.25 £39.56 £39.44
Median hourly rate £50.00 £45.00 £45.00
Median % change year-on-year +11.11% - +5.88%
75th Percentile £62.00 £52.13 £51.00
90th Percentile £69.66 £57.50 £57.30
UK excluding London median hourly rate £50.00 £45.00 £45.00
% change year-on-year +11.11% - +5.88%

Selenium
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Selenium as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Selenium in the UK

Selenium
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Selenium.

Daily rate trend for Selenium in the UK

Selenium
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Selenium over the 6 months to 21 September 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Selenium in the UK

Selenium
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Selenium.

Hourly rate trend for Selenium in the UK

Selenium
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Selenium over the 6 months to 21 September 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Selenium in the UK

Selenium
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Selenium within the UK over the 6 months to 21 September 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -36 880 £450 +2.86% 326
UK excluding London -36 485 £425 -1.62% 240
London -47 388 £500 +11.11% 103
Work from Home -23 377 £460 +4.84% 75
North of England -26 139 £425 -7.61% 64
South East -53 101 £435 +0.29% 62
South West -2 73 £450 +6.89% 31
Midlands -54 64 £400 +14.29% 38
Yorkshire -16 61 £415 -12.63% 28
Scotland -64 56 £400 -11.11% 13
North West -38 53 £450 - 31
West Midlands -40 51 £400 -7.19% 26
East of England -39 33 £438 -2.78% 21
North East -12 25 £405 -16.92% 5
Wales -10 19 £420 +12.00% 10
East Midlands -42 13 £400 +26.98% 12

For the 6 months to 21 September 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Selenium also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Selenium.

1 889 (77.85%) Test Automation
2 636 (55.69%) Agile Software Development
3 517 (45.27%) Java
4 499 (43.70%) Cucumber
5 399 (34.94%) Jenkins
6 346 (30.30%) DevOps
7 321 (28.11%) JavaScript
8 320 (28.02%) JIRA
9 312 (27.32%) BDD
10 278 (24.34%) Azure
11 270 (23.64%) SQL
12 264 (23.12%) Git (software)
13 262 (22.94%) Scrum
14 251 (21.98%) QA
15 249 (21.80%) TDD
16 248 (21.72%) Software Testing
17 247 (21.63%) C#
18 220 (19.26%) Social Skills
19 190 (16.64%) Continuous Integration
20 189 (16.55%) Security Cleared
21 182 (15.94%) Microservices
22 176 (15.41%) JMeter
23 172 (15.06%) API Testing
24 167 (14.62%) Postman
25 165 (14.45%) WebDriver
26 164 (14.36%) Test Scripting
27 163 (14.27%) Python
28 152 (13.31%) SDET
29 147 (12.87%) Docker
30 145 (12.70%) AWS

Selenium
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 124 (10.86%) Confluence
2 41 (3.59%) Elasticsearch
3 30 (2.63%) Apache
3 30 (2.63%) Tomcat
4 20 (1.75%) SharePoint
4 20 (1.75%) WebSphere
5 18 (1.58%) JBoss
6 13 (1.14%) WebLogic
7 12 (1.05%) CMS
8 10 (0.88%) Appian
9 9 (0.79%) GemFire
9 9 (0.79%) nginx
10 8 (0.70%) IBM Domino
10 8 (0.70%) IIS
11 6 (0.53%) Mule
12 5 (0.44%) Drupal
13 4 (0.35%) Apache Solr
13 4 (0.35%) Mattermost
14 3 (0.26%) Cloud Foundry
14 3 (0.26%) MQSeries
Applications
1 12 (1.05%) Microsoft Excel
2 11 (0.96%) Microsoft Office
3 8 (0.70%) Microsoft Project
4 3 (0.26%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 1 (0.088%) Mingle
5 1 (0.088%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 16 (1.40%) SAP HCM
2 10 (0.88%) Magento
3 5 (0.44%) Dynamics CRM
4 4 (0.35%) Endur
5 3 (0.26%) Salesforce.com CRM
6 2 (0.18%) Infor M3
6 2 (0.18%) Oracle Cash Management
6 2 (0.18%) SAP FI-CA
6 2 (0.18%) SAP PSCD
7 1 (0.088%) Adobe Campaign
7 1 (0.088%) BASE24
7 1 (0.088%) Distributed Ledger
7 1 (0.088%) Oracle BPM
7 1 (0.088%) Oracle ERP
7 1 (0.088%) Oracle General Ledger
7 1 (0.088%) Oracle Payables
7 1 (0.088%) Oracle Receivables
7 1 (0.088%) Tesseract
Cloud Services
1 278 (24.34%) Azure
2 145 (12.70%) AWS
3 98 (8.58%) GitHub
4 50 (4.38%) BrowserStack
5 44 (3.85%) SaaS
6 38 (3.33%) PaaS
7 37 (3.24%) Serverless
8 35 (3.06%) IaaS
9 33 (2.89%) Dynamics 365
10 25 (2.19%) GCP
11 21 (1.84%) NuGet
12 20 (1.75%) Sauce Labs
13 19 (1.66%) AWS Lambda
13 19 (1.66%) SuccessFactors
14 18 (1.58%) Amazon S3
15 16 (1.40%) Amazon EC2
16 15 (1.31%) Google Analytics
17 13 (1.14%) Azure Pipelines
17 13 (1.14%) npm
17 13 (1.14%) OpenShift
Communications & Networking
1 29 (2.54%) HTTP
2 15 (1.31%) LAN
3 10 (0.88%) TCP/IP
4 9 (0.79%) SSL
5 6 (0.53%) BitTorrent
5 6 (0.53%) DSL
6 5 (0.44%) DNS
7 4 (0.35%) VPN
8 3 (0.26%) Software-Defined Networking
8 3 (0.26%) Wireshark
9 2 (0.18%) ATM
10 1 (0.088%) 802.11
10 1 (0.088%) DHCP
10 1 (0.088%) Firewall
10 1 (0.088%) HTTPS
10 1 (0.088%) Internet
10 1 (0.088%) SMS
10 1 (0.088%) SMTP
10 1 (0.088%) WAN
10 1 (0.088%) Wi-Fi
Database & Business Intelligence
1 61 (5.34%) SQL Server
2 54 (4.73%) NoSQL
3 50 (4.38%) Relational Database
4 44 (3.85%) MongoDB
5 28 (2.45%) MySQL
6 26 (2.28%) Redis
7 25 (2.19%) PostgreSQL
8 22 (1.93%) DB2
9 18 (1.58%) RDBMS
10 17 (1.49%) Big Data
11 16 (1.40%) Data Warehouse
12 12 (1.05%) Hadoop
13 11 (0.96%) Amazon DynamoDB
14 10 (0.88%) Oracle Reports
15 9 (0.79%) Apache Cassandra
15 9 (0.79%) InterSystems Cache
16 8 (0.70%) DbVisualizer
16 8 (0.70%) SQL Server Integration Services
17 7 (0.61%) Power BI
18 6 (0.53%) Amazon RDS
Development Applications
1 499 (43.70%) Cucumber
2 399 (34.94%) Jenkins
3 320 (28.02%) JIRA
4 264 (23.12%) Git (software)
5 176 (15.41%) JMeter
6 167 (14.62%) Postman
7 165 (14.45%) WebDriver
8 140 (12.26%) JUnit
9 138 (12.08%) SpecFlow
10 128 (11.21%) Maven
11 116 (10.16%) SoapUI
12 83 (7.27%) REST Assured
13 79 (6.92%) Cypress.io
14 64 (5.60%) Gatling
15 60 (5.25%) Appium
16 49 (4.29%) Sonatype Nexus
17 46 (4.03%) SonarQube
18 45 (3.94%) Protractor
19 42 (3.68%) Subversion
20 41 (3.59%) NUnit
General
1 220 (19.26%) Social Skills
2 133 (11.65%) Finance
3 115 (10.07%) Public Sector
4 102 (8.93%) Banking
5 62 (5.43%) Analytical Skills
6 39 (3.42%) Documentation Skills
7 24 (2.10%) Influencing Skills
8 22 (1.93%) Retail
9 18 (1.58%) Investment Banking
10 15 (1.31%) Retail Banking
11 14 (1.23%) Front Office
12 13 (1.14%) Presentation Skills
13 11 (0.96%) Telecoms
14 10 (0.88%) Marketing
15 8 (0.70%) Law
15 8 (0.70%) Legal
16 7 (0.61%) Games
17 4 (0.35%) Publishing
18 3 (0.26%) Back Office
18 3 (0.26%) Electronics
Job Titles
1 266 (23.29%) Tester
2 252 (22.07%) Developer
3 202 (17.69%) Test Engineer
4 187 (16.37%) Automation Tester
5 126 (11.03%) Test Automation Engineer
6 125 (10.95%) Analyst
7 116 (10.16%) Test Analyst
8 73 (6.39%) Developer in Test
9 65 (5.69%) DevOps Engineer
9 65 (5.69%) Java Developer
9 65 (5.69%) QA Engineer
10 59 (5.17%) Java Engineer
11 51 (4.47%) Software Developer
12 45 (3.94%) Test Leader
13 39 (3.42%) Senior Developer
14 37 (3.24%) Software Engineer
15 35 (3.06%) Automation Test Analyst
16 33 (2.89%) Senior Test Engineer
17 29 (2.54%) Automation Engineer
18 25 (2.19%) Full Stack Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 144 (12.61%) Gherkin
2 133 (11.65%) .NET
3 125 (10.95%) RESTful
4 124 (10.86%) Node.js
5 123 (10.77%) Web Services
6 120 (10.51%) REST
7 117 (10.25%) Spring
8 111 (9.72%) XML
9 100 (8.76%) HTML
10 94 (8.23%) SOAP
11 91 (7.97%) AngularJS
12 85 (7.44%) React
13 84 (7.36%) CSS
14 74 (6.48%) JSON
15 69 (6.04%) Spring Boot
16 59 (5.17%) .NET Framework
17 40 (3.50%) HTML5
18 38 (3.33%) Jest
18 38 (3.33%) Play Framework
19 37 (3.24%) Kafka
Miscellaneous
1 38 (3.33%) Mobile App
2 35 (3.06%) Self-Motivation
3 28 (2.45%) User Experience
4 23 (2.01%) Client/Server
5 22 (1.93%) Greenfield Project
6 18 (1.58%) Cloud Native
6 18 (1.58%) Data Structures
7 14 (1.23%) N-Tier
8 13 (1.14%) Linux Command Line
9 12 (1.05%) Replication
10 11 (0.96%) Mainframe
11 9 (0.79%) Algorithms
12 8 (0.70%) NHS
13 7 (0.61%) Enterprise Software
13 7 (0.61%) Video on Demand
13 7 (0.61%) Video\Live Streaming
14 6 (0.53%) Equities
14 6 (0.53%) Public Cloud
15 5 (0.44%) Virtual Team
16 4 (0.35%) Private Cloud
Operating Systems
1 82 (7.18%) Unix
2 71 (6.22%) Linux
3 64 (5.60%) Windows
4 28 (2.45%) Apple iOS
5 21 (1.84%) Android
6 7 (0.61%) tvOS
7 6 (0.53%) CentOS
8 5 (0.44%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 3 (0.26%) AIX
9 3 (0.26%) Mac OS X
9 3 (0.26%) Solaris
9 3 (0.26%) Windows Server 2012
10 1 (0.088%) Windows Server 2019
Processes & Methodologies
1 889 (77.85%) Test Automation
2 636 (55.69%) Agile Software Development
3 346 (30.30%) DevOps
4 312 (27.32%) BDD
5 262 (22.94%) Scrum
6 249 (21.80%) TDD
7 248 (21.72%) Software Testing
8 190 (16.64%) Continuous Integration
9 182 (15.94%) Microservices
10 172 (15.06%) API Testing
11 164 (14.36%) Test Scripting
12 152 (13.31%) SDET
13 142 (12.43%) Performance Testing
14 133 (11.65%) Test Strategy
15 121 (10.60%) Problem-Solving
16 102 (8.93%) Functional Testing
17 98 (8.58%) Regression Testing
18 92 (8.06%) Test Management
19 89 (7.79%) Integration Testing
20 88 (7.71%) Software Engineering
Programming Languages
1 517 (45.27%) Java
2 321 (28.11%) JavaScript
3 270 (23.64%) SQL
4 247 (21.63%) C#
5 163 (14.27%) Python
6 65 (5.69%) TypeScript
7 52 (4.55%) Scala
8 45 (3.94%) Shell Script
9 42 (3.68%) Java 8
10 38 (3.33%) Bash Shell
11 26 (2.28%) C++
12 23 (2.01%) PowerShell
12 23 (2.01%) Ruby
13 22 (1.93%) Groovy
14 20 (1.75%) ES6
15 18 (1.58%) C
15 18 (1.58%) PHP
16 14 (1.23%) VB
17 11 (0.96%) Perl
18 10 (0.88%) PL/SQL
Qualifications
1 189 (16.55%) Security Cleared
2 143 (12.52%) SC Cleared
3 104 (9.11%) ISTQB
4 67 (5.87%) ISEB
4 67 (5.87%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
5 41 (3.59%) Degree
6 32 (2.80%) DV Cleared
7 24 (2.10%) BPSS Clearance
8 21 (1.84%) Computer Science Degree
9 5 (0.44%) DBS Check
10 2 (0.18%) AWS Certification
10 2 (0.18%) CEH
10 2 (0.18%) ISEB Practitioner
10 2 (0.18%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
10 2 (0.18%) MCSA
10 2 (0.18%) MCSE
10 2 (0.18%) Microsoft Certification
10 2 (0.18%) PMI Certification
10 2 (0.18%) PMP
11 1 (0.088%) PRINCE2 Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 251 (21.98%) QA
2 92 (8.06%) Accessibility
3 11 (0.96%) WCAG
4 5 (0.44%) Disclosure Scotland
5 4 (0.35%) GDPR
6 3 (0.26%) SOC 2
7 2 (0.18%) Data Quality
7 2 (0.18%) IFRS
7 2 (0.18%) ISO 8583
7 2 (0.18%) NIST
7 2 (0.18%) PCI DSS
7 2 (0.18%) PSD2
8 1 (0.088%) ISO 20022
8 1 (0.088%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 1 (0.088%) Sarbanes-Oxley
8 1 (0.088%) SOC 1
8 1 (0.088%) Solvency II
8 1 (0.088%) TARGET2
System Software
1 147 (12.87%) Docker
2 8 (0.70%) Active Directory
3 4 (0.35%) Virtual Desktop
3 4 (0.35%) vSphere
4 3 (0.26%) RACF
5 1 (0.088%) HDFS
Systems Management
1 79 (6.92%) Kubernetes
2 59 (5.17%) Ansible
3 54 (4.73%) Terraform
4 34 (2.98%) Kibana
5 30 (2.63%) Grafana
6 27 (2.36%) Puppet
7 25 (2.19%) HP Quality Center
8 14 (1.23%) logstash
8 14 (1.23%) Nagios
9 13 (1.14%) HP ALM
10 12 (1.05%) Opscode Chef
10 12 (1.05%) Prometheus
11 11 (0.96%) Argo
12 9 (0.79%) Graphite
13 8 (0.70%) Graylog
13 8 (0.70%) ZABBIX
14 7 (0.61%) Netcool
15 4 (0.35%) vCenter Server
16 3 (0.26%) HP Fortify
16 3 (0.26%) Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 91 (7.97%) Oracle
2 86 (7.53%) Microsoft
3 30 (2.63%) HP
4 27 (2.36%) IBM
5 26 (2.28%) Atlassian
6 24 (2.10%) Splunk
7 23 (2.01%) SAP
8 20 (1.75%) Google
9 17 (1.49%) MuleSoft
9 17 (1.49%) Salesforce.com
10 13 (1.14%) AppDynamics
10 13 (1.14%) Xamarin
11 12 (1.05%) Apple
11 12 (1.05%) hybris
12 10 (0.88%) Adobe
12 10 (0.88%) Red Hat
13 9 (0.79%) webMethods
14 8 (0.70%) Xerox
15 7 (0.61%) Blue Prism
15 7 (0.61%) SolarWinds