Period
to 26 November 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Selenium skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Selenium over the 6 months to 26 November 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Selenium
UK
6 months to
26 Nov 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 161 133 83
Rank change year-on-year -28 -50 +46
Contract jobs citing Selenium 624 1,634 3,093
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 1.70% 1.98% 3.00%
As % of the Development Applications category 9.55% 11.55% 14.08%
Number of daily rates quoted 537 1,139 2,080
Median daily rate £450 £438 £438
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.86% - +2.94%
10th Percentile £315 £313 £313
90th Percentile £600 £575 £575
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £425 £400
% change year-on-year +5.88% +6.25% +6.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 16 8 12
Median hourly rate £35.00 £35.00 £35.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - -1.41% -25.26%
UK excluding London median hourly rate £50.00 £35.00 £32.50
% change year-on-year +42.86% +7.69% -31.58%

Selenium is in the Development Applications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for development application skills.

All Development Application Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for development application skills 6,531 14,150 21,968
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 17.82% 17.13% 21.28%
Number of daily rates quoted 4,131 9,276 15,085
Median daily rate £475 £475 £475
10th Percentile £315 £325 £325
90th Percentile £650 £638 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £445 £450 £425
% change year-on-year -1.11% +5.88% +3.66%
Number of hourly rates quoted 151 247 227
Median hourly rate £43.00 £43.50 £42.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -1.15% +2.35% -
10th Percentile £35.00 £18.50 £26.75
90th Percentile £60.00 £66.00 £53.75
Median hourly rate £45.00 £42.50 £42.50
% change year-on-year +5.88% - -

Selenium
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Selenium as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Selenium in the UK

Selenium
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Selenium.

Daily rate trend for Selenium in the UK

Selenium
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Selenium over the 6 months to 26 November 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Selenium in the UK

Selenium
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Selenium.

Hourly rate trend for Selenium in the UK

Selenium
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Selenium over the 6 months to 26 November 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for Selenium in the UK

Selenium
Top 18 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Selenium within the UK over the 6 months to 26 November 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -26 520 £450 - 161
UK excluding London +1 333 £450 +5.88% 106
London -25 221 £450 -5.26% 64
Work from Home -57 130 £450 +12.50% 39
North of England +11 117 £475 +22.19% 31
South East +3 79 £450 +2.86% 30
North West +65 54 £450 - 14
Midlands +50 54 £381 -7.07% 13
West Midlands +53 37 £415 -3.77% 9
Scotland +38 37 £450 +20.00% 6
North East +9 34 £500 +42.86% 7
Yorkshire -13 29 £475 +26.67% 10
East of England +44 21 £425 - 7
South West -23 18 £450 - 15
East Midlands +34 17 £315 -21.25% 4
Wales +5 5 £375 +7.14% 4
Northern Ireland - 2 £424 -
Isle of Man - 1 - -

For the 6 months to 26 November 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Selenium also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Selenium.

1 496 (79.49%) Test Automation
2 352 (56.41%) Agile Software Development
3 345 (55.29%) Java
4 277 (44.39%) Cucumber
5 206 (33.01%) Jenkins
6 202 (32.37%) BDD
7 189 (30.29%) DevOps
8 184 (29.49%) SQL
9 173 (27.72%) JIRA
10 171 (27.40%) TDD
11 170 (27.24%) QA
12 164 (26.28%) Continuous Integration
13 150 (24.04%) Git (software)
14 149 (23.88%) JavaScript
15 145 (23.24%) Scrum
16 139 (22.28%) Security Cleared
17 137 (21.96%) C#
18 111 (17.79%) SC Cleared
19 110 (17.63%) Azure
20 109 (17.47%) REST
21 108 (17.31%) Python
22 98 (15.71%) AWS
23 93 (14.90%) JMeter
24 92 (14.74%) Confluence
24 92 (14.74%) Microservices
25 88 (14.10%) Oracle
26 85 (13.62%) Public Sector
27 84 (13.46%) Docker
27 84 (13.46%) SOAP
28 83 (13.30%) .NET

Selenium
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 92 (14.74%) Confluence
2 40 (6.41%) WebLogic
3 36 (5.77%) Elasticsearch
4 35 (5.61%) Mule
5 25 (4.01%) JBoss
6 20 (3.21%) Tomcat
7 15 (2.40%) Cloud Foundry
8 14 (2.24%) Apache Spark
8 14 (2.24%) MQSeries
8 14 (2.24%) Red Hat Fuse
9 10 (1.60%) Jetty
9 10 (1.60%) Oracle Self-Service HR
10 8 (1.28%) Apache
11 7 (1.12%) SharePoint
12 4 (0.64%) Adobe Experience Manager
12 4 (0.64%) CMS
12 4 (0.64%) IIS
12 4 (0.64%) WebSphere
13 3 (0.48%) nginx
13 3 (0.48%) Oracle SOA Suite
Applications
1 18 (2.88%) Microsoft Excel
2 4 (0.64%) MS Visio
3 2 (0.32%) Chatbot
3 2 (0.32%) Microsoft Office
3 2 (0.32%) Photoshop
Business Applications
1 30 (4.81%) Dynamics CRM
2 14 (2.24%) Teamcenter
3 13 (2.08%) SAP FI-CA
4 10 (1.60%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
5 3 (0.48%) SAP PSCD
6 2 (0.32%) SAP HCM
6 2 (0.32%) SAP Hybris
7 1 (0.16%) Exstream
7 1 (0.16%) Magento
7 1 (0.16%) Visualfiles
Cloud Services
1 110 (17.63%) Azure
2 98 (15.71%) AWS
3 60 (9.62%) GitHub
4 28 (4.49%) Slack
5 24 (3.85%) BrowserStack
6 21 (3.37%) npm
7 18 (2.88%) GCP
8 15 (2.40%) PaaS
9 12 (1.92%) Tricentis Tosca
10 11 (1.76%) IaaS
11 10 (1.60%) BlazeMeter
11 10 (1.60%) SaaS
11 10 (1.60%) Serverless
12 9 (1.44%) Azure Data Factory
12 9 (1.44%) Google Analytics
13 8 (1.28%) Amazon EC2
14 6 (0.96%) AWS Lambda
15 5 (0.80%) Firebase
15 5 (0.80%) Office 365
15 5 (0.80%) Sauce Labs
Communications & Networking
1 25 (4.01%) SSL
2 21 (3.37%) TCP/IP
3 14 (2.24%) HTTP
4 12 (1.92%) DNS
4 12 (1.92%) SSH
5 9 (1.44%) Firewall
5 9 (1.44%) Reverse Proxy
6 6 (0.96%) Internet
7 4 (0.64%) DSL
8 3 (0.48%) Intranet
9 1 (0.16%) 3G
9 1 (0.16%) 4G
9 1 (0.16%) 5G
9 1 (0.16%) FTP
9 1 (0.16%) PuTTY
9 1 (0.16%) Skype
9 1 (0.16%) VPN
9 1 (0.16%) WebEx
Database & Business Intelligence
1 56 (8.97%) MongoDB
2 54 (8.65%) SQL Server
3 52 (8.33%) MySQL
4 39 (6.25%) Hadoop
5 26 (4.17%) Oracle Database
5 26 (4.17%) PostgreSQL
6 20 (3.21%) NoSQL
7 15 (2.40%) Big Data
7 15 (2.40%) Data Warehouse
8 12 (1.92%) Couchbase
9 10 (1.60%) Apache Hive
9 10 (1.60%) Relational Database
10 8 (1.28%) Apache Cassandra
11 6 (0.96%) Amazon DynamoDB
11 6 (0.96%) Cosmos DB
11 6 (0.96%) MS Access
11 6 (0.96%) SQL Server 2012
12 5 (0.80%) DB2
12 5 (0.80%) Redis
12 5 (0.80%) SQL Server 2008
Development Applications
1 277 (44.39%) Cucumber
2 206 (33.01%) Jenkins
3 173 (27.72%) JIRA
4 150 (24.04%) Git (software)
5 93 (14.90%) JMeter
6 79 (12.66%) WebDriver
7 78 (12.50%) JUnit
8 73 (11.70%) SoapUI
9 71 (11.38%) Postman
10 60 (9.62%) SpecFlow
11 51 (8.17%) Maven
12 40 (6.41%) Cypress.io
13 35 (5.61%) HP UFT
14 32 (5.13%) TeamCity
15 30 (4.81%) Gatling
15 30 (4.81%) GitLab
16 28 (4.49%) Bitbucket
16 28 (4.49%) REST Assured
16 28 (4.49%) Subversion
17 27 (4.33%) Team Foundation Server
General
1 85 (13.62%) Public Sector
2 73 (11.70%) Finance
3 46 (7.37%) Banking
4 9 (1.44%) Investment Banking
5 8 (1.28%) Retail Banking
6 7 (1.12%) Legal
6 7 (1.12%) Telecoms
7 6 (0.96%) Front Office
8 5 (0.80%) Marketing
9 4 (0.64%) Financial Institution
10 3 (0.48%) Automotive
10 3 (0.48%) Law
11 2 (0.32%) Electronics
11 2 (0.32%) General Ledger
11 2 (0.32%) Manufacturing
11 2 (0.32%) Pharmaceutical
11 2 (0.32%) Publishing
11 2 (0.32%) Retail
12 1 (0.16%) Advertising
12 1 (0.16%) Games
Job Titles
1 121 (19.39%) Test Engineer
2 120 (19.23%) Tester
3 106 (16.99%) Developer
4 74 (11.86%) Automation Tester
5 69 (11.06%) Test Automation Engineer
6 62 (9.94%) Analyst
7 58 (9.29%) QA Engineer
8 55 (8.81%) Test Analyst
9 35 (5.61%) DevOps Engineer
10 31 (4.97%) Java Developer
10 31 (4.97%) Java Engineer
10 31 (4.97%) QA Tester
11 30 (4.81%) Architect
11 30 (4.81%) QA Automation Engineer
12 24 (3.85%) Software Engineer
13 21 (3.37%) Automation Engineer
14 18 (2.88%) Solutions Architect
15 17 (2.72%) Consultant
15 17 (2.72%) Development Engineer
16 16 (2.56%) Automation Test Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 109 (17.47%) REST
2 84 (13.46%) SOAP
3 83 (13.30%) .NET
4 79 (12.66%) XML
5 78 (12.50%) Node.js
6 74 (11.86%) HTML
7 71 (11.38%) AngularJS
7 71 (11.38%) JSON
8 67 (10.74%) CSS
8 67 (10.74%) Spring
9 64 (10.26%) Gherkin
10 62 (9.94%) Web Services
11 44 (7.05%) HTML5
12 41 (6.57%) RESTful
13 38 (6.09%) Jest
14 35 (5.61%) React
15 31 (4.97%) jQuery
16 30 (4.81%) Spring Boot
17 28 (4.49%) RabbitMQ
18 27 (4.33%) .NET Framework
Miscellaneous
1 33 (5.29%) Mobile App
2 27 (4.33%) Analytical Skills
3 23 (3.69%) User Experience
4 18 (2.88%) Public Cloud
5 15 (2.40%) Derivative
6 12 (1.92%) Self-Motivation
7 11 (1.76%) Management Information System
7 11 (1.76%) N-Tier
8 10 (1.60%) Greenfield Project
9 9 (1.44%) Enterprise Software
9 9 (1.44%) NHS
10 8 (1.28%) Virtual Team
11 7 (1.12%) Data Structures
12 4 (0.64%) Algorithms
13 3 (0.48%) Client/Server
13 3 (0.48%) Private Cloud
14 2 (0.32%) Cyberthreat
14 2 (0.32%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
14 2 (0.32%) Mainframe
14 2 (0.32%) Smart Meter
Operating Systems
1 69 (11.06%) Windows
2 66 (10.58%) Linux
3 49 (7.85%) Unix
4 27 (4.33%) Android
5 19 (3.04%) Apple iOS
6 13 (2.08%) Ubuntu
7 12 (1.92%) Mac OS X
8 11 (1.76%) CentOS
9 10 (1.60%) Debian
9 10 (1.60%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 1 (0.16%) Mac OS
10 1 (0.16%) Solaris
Processes & Methodologies
1 496 (79.49%) Test Automation
2 352 (56.41%) Agile Software Development
3 202 (32.37%) BDD
4 189 (30.29%) DevOps
5 171 (27.40%) TDD
6 164 (26.28%) Continuous Integration
7 145 (23.24%) Scrum
8 92 (14.74%) Microservices
9 80 (12.82%) Performance Testing
10 78 (12.50%) API Testing
11 77 (12.34%) Test Scripting
12 68 (10.90%) Non-Functional Testing
13 65 (10.42%) Open Source
14 61 (9.78%) Continuous Delivery
14 61 (9.78%) Regression Testing
15 58 (9.29%) Functional Testing
16 57 (9.13%) Unit Testing
17 54 (8.65%) Kanban
18 51 (8.17%) Test Strategy
19 49 (7.85%) Acceptance Criteria
Programming Languages
1 345 (55.29%) Java
2 184 (29.49%) SQL
3 149 (23.88%) JavaScript
4 137 (21.96%) C#
5 108 (17.31%) Python
6 49 (7.85%) Ruby
7 38 (6.09%) Scala
8 34 (5.45%) PL/SQL
9 29 (4.65%) Perl
10 27 (4.33%) Groovy
11 23 (3.69%) C++
11 23 (3.69%) Shell Script
12 22 (3.53%) Bash Shell
13 21 (3.37%) Java 8
14 20 (3.21%) T-SQL
15 19 (3.04%) PowerShell
15 19 (3.04%) TypeScript
16 18 (2.88%) ES6
17 16 (2.56%) PHP
18 15 (2.40%) VB.NET
Qualifications
1 139 (22.28%) Security Cleared
2 111 (17.79%) SC Cleared
3 72 (11.54%) ISTQB
4 55 (8.81%) ISEB
5 36 (5.77%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
6 19 (3.04%) DV Cleared
7 17 (2.72%) BPSS Clearance
8 11 (1.76%) Degree
9 7 (1.12%) TOGAF Certification
10 6 (0.96%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
11 5 (0.80%) Computer Science Degree
12 4 (0.64%) DBS Check
13 1 (0.16%) ISEB Practitioner
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 170 (27.24%) QA
2 13 (2.08%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 11 (1.76%) NIST
4 10 (1.60%) WCAG
5 2 (0.32%) Data Quality
5 2 (0.32%) ISO 9001
6 1 (0.16%) ISO 20022
6 1 (0.16%) PSD2
6 1 (0.16%) SEPA
6 1 (0.16%) TARGET2
System Software
1 84 (13.46%) Docker
2 10 (1.60%) HDFS
3 1 (0.16%) Active Directory
Systems Management
1 67 (10.74%) Kubernetes
2 49 (7.85%) Terraform
3 44 (7.05%) Ansible
4 36 (5.77%) Puppet
5 28 (4.49%) HP ALM
6 13 (2.08%) HP Fortify
6 13 (2.08%) Opscode Chef
7 11 (1.76%) HP Quality Center
7 11 (1.76%) Kibana
7 11 (1.76%) Salt
8 10 (1.60%) Grafana
8 10 (1.60%) Rancher
9 9 (1.44%) Nagios
10 7 (1.12%) ZABBIX
11 5 (0.80%) Rundeck
12 2 (0.32%) Giant Swarm
12 2 (0.32%) Nessus
12 2 (0.32%) Sysdig
13 1 (0.16%) Consul
13 1 (0.16%) yum
Vendors
1 88 (14.10%) Oracle
2 68 (10.90%) Microsoft
3 31 (4.97%) MuleSoft
4 30 (4.81%) HP
5 29 (4.65%) Splunk
6 23 (3.69%) SAP
7 17 (2.72%) Google
8 16 (2.56%) AppDynamics
8 16 (2.56%) Sonatype
9 15 (2.40%) Red Hat
10 14 (2.24%) Axway
10 14 (2.24%) Blue Coat
10 14 (2.24%) F5
10 14 (2.24%) Sparx
10 14 (2.24%) Sybase
11 13 (2.08%) Micro Focus
11 13 (2.08%) webMethods
12 11 (1.76%) Black Duck
12 11 (1.76%) Qualys
13 10 (1.60%) Hortonworks