Period
to 21 February 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Selenium skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Selenium over the 6 months to 21 February 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Selenium
UK
6 months to
21 Feb 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 113 96 144
Rank change year-on-year -17 +48 +23
Contract jobs citing Selenium 2,254 2,243 1,804
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 2.22% 2.34% 1.70%
As % of the Development Applications category 12.02% 14.06% 11.51%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,550 1,445 1,229
UK median daily rate £425 £400 £390
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +6.25% +2.56% +4.00%
10th Percentile £300 £275 £272
90th Percentile £575 £538 £535
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £375 £363
% change year-on-year +6.67% +3.45% +3.57%
Number of hourly rates quoted 11 12 16
UK median hourly rate £50.00 £50.75 £52.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -1.48% -3.33% +16.67%
10th Percentile £12.71 £41.53 £40.00
90th Percentile £60.00 £74.34 £64.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £48.75 £56.88 £55.00
% change year-on-year -14.29% +3.42% +46.67%

Selenium is in the Development Applications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for development application skills.

All Development Application Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for development application skills 18,758 15,948 15,676
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 18.47% 16.61% 14.74%
Number of daily rates quoted 13,146 10,682 10,470
UK median daily rate £463 £425 £413
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +8.82% +3.03% +3.13%
10th Percentile £313 £300 £281
90th Percentile £613 £575 £563
UK excluding London median daily rate £423 £400 £375
% change year-on-year +5.63% +6.67% +3.45%
Number of hourly rates quoted 239 278 397
UK median hourly rate £45.00 £41.00 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +9.76% +2.50% +8.11%
10th Percentile £29.00 £22.13 £24.04
90th Percentile £67.25 £53.75 £52.25
UK excluding London median hourly rate £45.00 £41.00 £40.00
% change year-on-year +9.76% +2.50% +8.11%

Selenium
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Selenium as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Selenium in the UK

Selenium
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Selenium.

Contractor daily rate trend for Selenium in the UK

Selenium
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Selenium over the 6 months to 21 February 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Selenium in the UK

Selenium
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Selenium.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Selenium in the UK

Selenium
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Selenium over the 6 months to 21 February 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Selenium in the UK

Selenium
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Selenium within the UK over the 6 months to 21 February 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -7 2,069 £425 +4.94% 738
UK excluding London -22 1,183 £400 +6.67% 471
London +9 1,056 £450 +5.88% 289
South East +12 425 £413 +5.43% 116
North of England -37 225 £375 -1.32% 136
Midlands +9 167 £413 +17.86% 88
South West -12 123 £375 +7.14% 45
Scotland -27 109 £400 +0.63% 17
West Midlands +7 99 £413 +17.86% 42
North West -9 95 £375 - 58
Yorkshire -41 88 £375 -7.41% 71
East of England -28 87 £450 +20.00% 64
East Midlands +12 68 £413 +10.00% 46
North East -7 43 £390 +11.43% 7
Wales -19 29 £425 +0.59% 4
Northern Ireland +5 19 £263 +0.57% 1
Isle of Man - 3 £225 -

For the 6 months to 21 February 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Selenium also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Selenium.

1 1,687 (74.84%) Test Automation
2 1,559 (69.17%) Agile Software Development
3 1,210 (53.68%) Java
4 891 (39.53%) Cucumber
5 872 (38.69%) BDD
6 697 (30.92%) Jenkins
7 679 (30.12%) JavaScript
8 642 (28.48%) TDD
9 605 (26.84%) Scrum
10 591 (26.22%) C#
11 570 (25.29%) Continuous Integration
12 549 (24.36%) WebDriver
13 545 (24.18%) SQL
14 534 (23.69%) JIRA
15 528 (23.43%) QA
16 523 (23.20%) Git (software)
17 404 (17.92%) Finance
18 392 (17.39%) DevOps
19 367 (16.28%) HTML
20 340 (15.08%) CSS
21 332 (14.73%) Web Services
22 330 (14.64%) .NET
23 296 (13.13%) SoapUI
24 291 (12.91%) AngularJS
25 289 (12.82%) Gherkin
26 283 (12.56%) SpecFlow
27 272 (12.07%) Test Scripting
28 270 (11.98%) Python
29 269 (11.93%) REST
30 268 (11.89%) RESTful

Selenium
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 256 (11.36%) Confluence
2 87 (3.86%) Tomcat
3 80 (3.55%) JBoss
4 70 (3.11%) Apache
5 64 (2.84%) WebLogic
6 47 (2.09%) Elasticsearch
7 42 (1.86%) Cloud Foundry
8 35 (1.55%) Oracle SOA Suite
9 32 (1.42%) OpenStack
10 31 (1.38%) WebSphere
11 21 (0.93%) CMS
12 19 (0.84%) SharePoint
13 15 (0.67%) GlassFish
14 14 (0.62%) Apache Spark
14 14 (0.62%) IIS
14 14 (0.62%) Jetty
15 13 (0.58%) Liferay
16 12 (0.53%) nginx
17 10 (0.44%) Apache Solr
18 9 (0.40%) Adobe Experience Manager
Applications
1 31 (1.38%) Microsoft Excel
2 18 (0.80%) Microsoft Office
3 13 (0.58%) Adobe Creative Suite
3 13 (0.58%) OmniGraffle
4 7 (0.31%) Microsoft Project
5 6 (0.27%) Spreadsheet
6 4 (0.18%) MS Visio
7 2 (0.089%) Microsoft PowerPoint
7 2 (0.089%) Mingle
7 2 (0.089%) Photoshop
8 1 (0.044%) HipChat
Business Applications
1 23 (1.02%) Payment Gateway
2 12 (0.53%) Dynamics CRM
3 10 (0.44%) Magento
4 4 (0.18%) SAP Hybris
5 1 (0.044%) Dynamics AX
5 1 (0.044%) OpenText Process Suite
5 1 (0.044%) Oracle BPM
5 1 (0.044%) PeopleSoft CRM
5 1 (0.044%) SAP BPC
5 1 (0.044%) thinkFolio
Cloud Services
1 219 (9.72%) Amazon AWS
2 125 (5.55%) Microsoft Azure
3 86 (3.82%) GitHub
4 40 (1.77%) PaaS
5 38 (1.69%) OpenShift
6 36 (1.60%) npm
7 35 (1.55%) IaaS
8 30 (1.33%) BrowserStack
9 26 (1.15%) Sauce Labs
10 19 (0.84%) Google Cloud Platform
11 17 (0.75%) AWS CloudFormation
11 17 (0.75%) Google Analytics
12 16 (0.71%) BlazeMeter
13 14 (0.62%) AWS Lambda
13 14 (0.62%) Serverless
14 12 (0.53%) Amazon EC2
15 10 (0.44%) Cloud Computing
15 10 (0.44%) Slack
16 8 (0.35%) Amazon S3
16 8 (0.35%) Salesforce Service Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 64 (2.84%) HTTP
2 46 (2.04%) Firewall
3 43 (1.91%) Internet
3 43 (1.91%) TCP/IP
4 36 (1.60%) SSL
5 19 (0.84%) PuTTY
5 19 (0.84%) WinSCP
6 16 (0.71%) SMS
7 12 (0.53%) DSL
8 11 (0.49%) AMQP
9 9 (0.40%) DNS
10 8 (0.35%) 3G
10 8 (0.35%) LTE
10 8 (0.35%) Skype
11 7 (0.31%) DHCP
12 6 (0.27%) ICMP
13 4 (0.18%) 4G
14 1 (0.044%) Extranet
14 1 (0.044%) Intranet
14 1 (0.044%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 157 (6.97%) SQL Server
2 146 (6.48%) MongoDB
3 88 (3.90%) PostgreSQL
3 88 (3.90%) Relational Database
4 86 (3.82%) MySQL
5 84 (3.73%) Redis
6 70 (3.11%) NoSQL
7 52 (2.31%) Oracle Database
8 47 (2.09%) Big Data
9 42 (1.86%) SQL Server 2012
10 35 (1.55%) Hadoop
11 33 (1.46%) SQL Server 2016
12 30 (1.33%) RDBMS
13 28 (1.24%) NuoDB
14 24 (1.06%) Endeca
15 23 (1.02%) Apache Cassandra
16 22 (0.98%) Oracle Database 11g
17 19 (0.84%) Amazon DynamoDB
17 19 (0.84%) SQL Server Integration Services
18 18 (0.80%) Oracle Database 10g
Development Applications
1 891 (39.53%) Cucumber
2 697 (30.92%) Jenkins
3 549 (24.36%) WebDriver
4 534 (23.69%) JIRA
5 523 (23.20%) Git (software)
6 296 (13.13%) SoapUI
7 283 (12.56%) SpecFlow
8 265 (11.76%) JUnit
9 235 (10.43%) Maven
10 232 (10.29%) JMeter
11 168 (7.45%) TeamCity
12 152 (6.74%) NUnit
13 119 (5.28%) Appium
13 119 (5.28%) Team Foundation Server
14 107 (4.75%) Ant
15 105 (4.66%) Subversion
16 104 (4.61%) Visual Studio
17 102 (4.53%) Eclipse
17 102 (4.53%) HP UFT
18 101 (4.48%) Jasmine
General
1 404 (17.92%) Finance
2 254 (11.27%) Banking
3 125 (5.55%) Retail
4 47 (2.09%) Investment Banking
5 42 (1.86%) Telecoms
6 31 (1.38%) Marketing
7 27 (1.20%) Games
8 26 (1.15%) Back Office
9 24 (1.06%) Financial Institution
9 24 (1.06%) Manufacturing
10 22 (0.98%) Front Office
11 19 (0.84%) Advertising
12 18 (0.80%) Law
13 16 (0.71%) Electronics
13 16 (0.71%) Retail Banking
14 12 (0.53%) Corporate Banking
15 11 (0.49%) Publishing
16 8 (0.35%) International Banking
17 5 (0.22%) Automotive
17 5 (0.22%) Spanish Language
Job Titles
1 703 (31.19%) Developer
2 451 (20.01%) Tester
3 411 (18.23%) Analyst
4 379 (16.81%) Test Analyst
5 312 (13.84%) Automation Tester
6 226 (10.03%) Java Developer
6 226 (10.03%) Test Engineer
7 212 (9.41%) Automation Test Analyst
8 156 (6.92%) Developer in Test
9 153 (6.79%) Test Automation Engineer
10 131 (5.81%) DevOps Engineer
11 102 (4.53%) QA Engineer
12 101 (4.48%) C# Developer
13 99 (4.39%) JavaScript Developer
14 97 (4.30%) Selenium Test Analyst
15 95 (4.21%) Java Engineer
16 93 (4.13%) QA Tester
17 85 (3.77%) Test Leader
18 82 (3.64%) Selenium Tester
19 79 (3.50%) .NET Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 367 (16.28%) HTML
2 340 (15.08%) CSS
3 332 (14.73%) Web Services
4 330 (14.64%) .NET
5 291 (12.91%) AngularJS
6 289 (12.82%) Gherkin
7 269 (11.93%) REST
8 268 (11.89%) RESTful
9 239 (10.60%) SOAP
10 230 (10.20%) Spring
11 207 (9.18%) HTML5
12 185 (8.21%) Node.js
13 178 (7.90%) JSON
14 162 (7.19%) XML
15 150 (6.65%) jQuery
16 137 (6.08%) J2EE
17 133 (5.90%) React
18 119 (5.28%) CSS3
19 95 (4.21%) Hibernate
20 81 (3.59%) ASP.NET
Miscellaneous
1 137 (6.08%) User Experience
2 104 (4.61%) Mobile App
3 101 (4.48%) Analytical Skills
4 94 (4.17%) Greenfield Project
5 64 (2.84%) Enterprise Software
6 60 (2.66%) Computer Science
6 60 (2.66%) Fintech
7 35 (1.55%) Linux Command Line
8 26 (1.15%) iPad
9 22 (0.98%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
9 22 (0.98%) Social Media
9 22 (0.98%) Virtual Team
10 15 (0.67%) Mainframe
11 14 (0.62%) Management Information System
12 12 (0.53%) PKI
12 12 (0.53%) Public Cloud
13 11 (0.49%) Client/Server
14 9 (0.40%) RIA
15 8 (0.35%) PlayStation
16 7 (0.31%) DataPower
Operating Systems
1 236 (10.47%) Linux
2 138 (6.12%) Unix
3 129 (5.72%) Windows
4 93 (4.13%) Android
5 92 (4.08%) Apple iOS
6 33 (1.46%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 22 (0.98%) Windows Server
8 19 (0.84%) Mac OS X
9 18 (0.80%) Windows Server 2012
10 16 (0.71%) Ubuntu
11 6 (0.27%) Nucleus RTOS
11 6 (0.27%) Windows Phone
12 5 (0.22%) Windows 10
13 4 (0.18%) Debian
14 3 (0.13%) AIX
14 3 (0.13%) Mac OS
14 3 (0.13%) Solaris
15 2 (0.089%) Windows 7
16 1 (0.044%) CentOS
16 1 (0.044%) Windows Server 2008
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,687 (74.84%) Test Automation
2 1,559 (69.17%) Agile Software Development
3 872 (38.69%) BDD
4 642 (28.48%) TDD
5 605 (26.84%) Scrum
6 570 (25.29%) Continuous Integration
7 392 (17.39%) DevOps
8 272 (12.07%) Test Scripting
9 254 (11.27%) Kanban
10 236 (10.47%) API Testing
11 215 (9.54%) Continuous Delivery
12 211 (9.36%) Performance Testing
13 205 (9.09%) Functional Testing
14 197 (8.74%) Regression Testing
15 194 (8.61%) Open Source
16 187 (8.30%) SDET
17 177 (7.85%) E-Commerce
17 177 (7.85%) Microservices
18 170 (7.54%) MVC
19 163 (7.23%) Test Strategy
Programming Languages
1 1,210 (53.68%) Java
2 679 (30.12%) JavaScript
3 591 (26.22%) C#
4 545 (24.18%) SQL
5 270 (11.98%) Python
6 226 (10.03%) Ruby
7 106 (4.70%) Scala
8 73 (3.24%) Groovy
9 57 (2.53%) Bash Shell
9 57 (2.53%) TypeScript
10 56 (2.48%) PL/SQL
11 55 (2.44%) Perl
12 45 (2.00%) T-SQL
13 38 (1.69%) C++
13 38 (1.69%) ES6
14 30 (1.33%) PowerShell
15 29 (1.29%) PHP
16 26 (1.15%) Shell Script
17 25 (1.11%) VBScript
18 23 (1.02%) C
Qualifications
1 168 (7.45%) Security Cleared
2 129 (5.72%) ISTQB
3 110 (4.88%) SC Cleared
4 95 (4.21%) ISEB
5 93 (4.13%) Degree
6 53 (2.35%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
7 35 (1.55%) Computer Science Degree
8 29 (1.29%) DV Cleared
9 20 (0.89%) BPSS Clearance
10 18 (0.80%) ISEB Practitioner
11 7 (0.31%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
12 4 (0.18%) Master's Degree
13 3 (0.13%) BC Cleared
13 3 (0.13%) HNC
13 3 (0.13%) Numerate Degree
14 2 (0.089%) HND
14 2 (0.089%) MCAD
14 2 (0.089%) MCSD
14 2 (0.089%) MCTS
14 2 (0.089%) Microsoft Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 528 (23.43%) QA
2 20 (0.89%) WCAG
3 15 (0.67%) MiFID
4 5 (0.22%) Disclosure Scotland
5 4 (0.18%) GDPR
6 3 (0.13%) GCP
7 2 (0.089%) IEC 62304
7 2 (0.089%) ISO 13485
7 2 (0.089%) ISO 20022
7 2 (0.089%) ISO 8583
7 2 (0.089%) ISO 9001
7 2 (0.089%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 2 (0.089%) PMO
8 1 (0.044%) Data Quality
8 1 (0.044%) PSD2
8 1 (0.044%) SEPA
8 1 (0.044%) SLA
8 1 (0.044%) WAI
System Software
1 234 (10.38%) Docker
2 17 (0.75%) vSphere
3 13 (0.58%) Virtual Servers
4 8 (0.35%) Active Directory
5 5 (0.22%) Virtual Machines
6 4 (0.18%) LXC
7 3 (0.13%) VMware NSX
8 1 (0.044%) KVM
8 1 (0.044%) VMware Infrastructure
Systems Management
1 141 (6.26%) Puppet
2 108 (4.79%) Ansible
3 100 (4.44%) Opscode Chef
4 55 (2.44%) HP Quality Center
5 42 (1.86%) Kubernetes
6 39 (1.73%) Kibana
7 35 (1.55%) Grafana
8 28 (1.24%) Terraform
9 21 (0.93%) logstash
10 17 (0.75%) Nagios
11 15 (0.67%) Docker Swarm
12 10 (0.44%) CA Service Virtualization
12 10 (0.44%) Graylog
12 10 (0.44%) Rundeck
12 10 (0.44%) Tivoli
13 8 (0.35%) Single Sign-On
14 7 (0.31%) Cobbler
15 6 (0.27%) Business Desktop Deployment
16 5 (0.22%) Galera Cluster
16 5 (0.22%) OpenNebula
Vendors
1 201 (8.92%) Oracle
2 128 (5.68%) HP
3 120 (5.32%) Microsoft
4 97 (4.30%) Atlassian
5 74 (3.28%) IBM
6 71 (3.15%) Splunk
7 59 (2.62%) Salesforce.com
8 55 (2.44%) Red Hat
9 47 (2.09%) Google
10 42 (1.86%) webMethods
11 34 (1.51%) AppDynamics
12 25 (1.11%) ATG
13 23 (1.02%) hybris
13 23 (1.02%) VMware
14 22 (0.98%) Adobe
15 21 (0.93%) CA
16 18 (0.80%) SAP
17 16 (0.71%) Software AG
18 10 (0.44%) Micro Focus
18 10 (0.44%) Serena