Period
to 20 November 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Selenium skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Selenium over the 6 months to 20 November 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Selenium
UK
6 months to
20 Nov 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 81 124 130
Rank change year-on-year +43 +6 +16
Contract jobs citing Selenium 3,110 2,083 2,043
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 2.99% 2.04% 1.96%
As % of the Development Applications category 14.14% 10.93% 11.99%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,071 1,391 1,333
UK median daily rate £438 £425 £410
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.94% +3.66% +5.13%
10th Percentile £313 £298 £280
90th Percentile £575 £563 £550
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £375 £388
% change year-on-year +6.67% -3.23% +7.64%
Number of hourly rates quoted 11 8 20
UK median hourly rate £35.00 £47.50 £52.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -26.32% -8.65% +4.00%
10th Percentile £21.00 £29.28 £39.01
90th Percentile £43.75 £53.00 £59.31
UK excluding London median hourly rate £32.50 £47.50 £52.00
% change year-on-year -31.58% -8.65% +30.00%

Selenium is in the Development Applications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for development application skills.

All Development Application Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for development application skills 22,002 19,064 17,034
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 21.15% 18.64% 16.38%
Number of daily rates quoted 15,084 13,280 11,480
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +6.25%
10th Percentile £325 £313 £300
90th Percentile £625 £600 £575
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £410 £400
% change year-on-year +3.66% +2.50% +6.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 232 287 250
UK median hourly rate £42.50 £42.50 £41.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - +3.66% +2.50%
10th Percentile £26.53 £29.00 £24.00
90th Percentile £53.75 £60.00 £53.88
UK excluding London median hourly rate £42.50 £42.50 £41.00
% change year-on-year - +3.66% +2.50%

Selenium
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Selenium as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Selenium in the UK

Selenium
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Selenium.

Contractor daily rate trend for Selenium in the UK

Selenium
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Selenium over the 6 months to 20 November 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Selenium in the UK

Selenium
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Selenium.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Selenium in the UK

Selenium
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Selenium over the 6 months to 20 November 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Selenium in the UK

Selenium
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Selenium within the UK over the 6 months to 20 November 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +41 2,838 £450 +5.88% 648
UK excluding London +55 1,670 £400 +6.67% 482
London +39 1,401 £475 - 222
South East +23 440 £400 - 100
North of England +38 411 £405 +8.00% 136
Midlands +54 288 £405 +4.52% 68
North West +73 216 £425 +14.86% 65
West Midlands +69 200 £410 +9.33% 48
South West +19 191 £413 +13.01% 70
Yorkshire +8 147 £375 - 44
Scotland +14 128 £365 -2.67% 37
East of England +24 105 £400 +5.26% 52
East Midlands +13 87 £384 -4.06% 20
Wales +37 76 £360 +6.27% 15
North East +4 49 £396 -6.82% 27
Northern Ireland +54 31 £300 +9.09% 4

For the 6 months to 20 November 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Selenium also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Selenium.

1 2,456 (78.97%) Test Automation
2 2,062 (66.30%) Agile Software Development
3 1,614 (51.90%) Java
4 1,300 (41.80%) Cucumber
5 1,016 (32.67%) Jenkins
6 994 (31.96%) JavaScript
7 983 (31.61%) BDD
8 836 (26.88%) QA
9 821 (26.40%) Git (software)
10 804 (25.85%) JIRA
11 796 (25.59%) C#
12 783 (25.18%) TDD
13 767 (24.66%) Scrum
14 742 (23.86%) Continuous Integration
15 715 (22.99%) WebDriver
16 672 (21.61%) SQL
17 597 (19.20%) DevOps
18 577 (18.55%) HTML
19 568 (18.26%) CSS
20 552 (17.75%) Docker
21 511 (16.43%) .NET
22 471 (15.14%) Finance
23 442 (14.21%) API Testing
24 439 (14.12%) AngularJS
25 437 (14.05%) Python
26 416 (13.38%) Microservices
27 414 (13.31%) Gherkin
28 406 (13.05%) JMeter
29 397 (12.77%) Web Services
30 396 (12.73%) REST

Selenium
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 373 (11.99%) Confluence
2 99 (3.18%) Tomcat
3 71 (2.28%) Apache
4 65 (2.09%) JBoss
5 61 (1.96%) CMS
6 60 (1.93%) Elasticsearch
7 58 (1.86%) nginx
8 55 (1.77%) Cloud Foundry
8 55 (1.77%) WebLogic
9 50 (1.61%) SharePoint
10 29 (0.93%) Gunicorn
11 24 (0.77%) IIS
12 23 (0.74%) WebSphere
13 21 (0.68%) Mule
14 20 (0.64%) Adobe Experience Manager
14 20 (0.64%) Documentum
15 19 (0.61%) Apache Solr
15 19 (0.61%) Apache Spark
15 19 (0.61%) NServiceBus
16 17 (0.55%) Umbraco
Applications
1 25 (0.80%) Microsoft Excel
2 11 (0.35%) Photoshop
3 10 (0.32%) Fireworks
4 5 (0.16%) Microsoft Office
4 5 (0.16%) MS Visio
5 4 (0.13%) Microsoft Project
6 3 (0.096%) Microsoft PowerPoint
7 1 (0.032%) Adobe Creative Suite
7 1 (0.032%) HipChat
7 1 (0.032%) InVision
7 1 (0.032%) Mingle
7 1 (0.032%) OmniGraffle
7 1 (0.032%) Open Workbench
Business Applications
1 52 (1.67%) Dynamics CRM
2 8 (0.26%) SAP Hybris
3 5 (0.16%) Oracle Cash Management
3 5 (0.16%) SAP FI-CA
3 5 (0.16%) SAP PSCD
4 4 (0.13%) Magento
4 4 (0.13%) Oracle Retail
5 3 (0.096%) SAP ERP
5 3 (0.096%) Sentinel
6 1 (0.032%) Sonata
Cloud Services
1 387 (12.44%) Amazon AWS
2 367 (11.80%) Microsoft Azure
3 218 (7.01%) GitHub
4 118 (3.79%) BrowserStack
5 69 (2.22%) Google Analytics
6 66 (2.12%) Google Cloud Platform
7 63 (2.03%) Sauce Labs
8 59 (1.90%) Serverless
9 55 (1.77%) AWS Lambda
10 42 (1.35%) OpenShift
11 41 (1.32%) PaaS
12 40 (1.29%) Slack
13 39 (1.25%) IaaS
14 38 (1.22%) Dynamics 365
15 36 (1.16%) npm
16 35 (1.13%) SaaS
17 30 (0.96%) Amazon EC2
18 27 (0.87%) Cloud Computing
19 20 (0.64%) BlazeMeter
20 19 (0.61%) NuGet
Communications & Networking
1 145 (4.66%) HTTP
2 68 (2.19%) TCP/IP
3 62 (1.99%) SSL
4 45 (1.45%) Internet
5 25 (0.80%) Firewall
6 18 (0.58%) AMQP
7 16 (0.51%) Skype
8 11 (0.35%) DNS
8 11 (0.35%) HTTPS
8 11 (0.35%) VPN
9 4 (0.13%) PuTTY
9 4 (0.13%) SMS
9 4 (0.13%) WinSCP
10 3 (0.096%) BIG-IP
10 3 (0.096%) DHCP
10 3 (0.096%) DSL
10 3 (0.096%) ICMP
11 2 (0.064%) SSH
11 2 (0.064%) Wireshark
12 1 (0.032%) OpenLDAP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 232 (7.46%) MongoDB
2 225 (7.23%) SQL Server
3 195 (6.27%) PostgreSQL
4 176 (5.66%) MySQL
5 150 (4.82%) NoSQL
6 115 (3.70%) Relational Database
7 57 (1.83%) Couchbase
8 55 (1.77%) Redis
9 38 (1.22%) Amazon RDS
10 37 (1.19%) Hadoop
11 34 (1.09%) SQL Server 2016
12 29 (0.93%) Big Data
12 29 (0.93%) Oracle Database
13 28 (0.90%) RDBMS
14 19 (0.61%) Cloudant
14 19 (0.61%) Data Warehouse
15 18 (0.58%) Azure SQL Database
15 18 (0.58%) DB2
16 16 (0.51%) SQL Server 2012
17 15 (0.48%) Amazon DynamoDB
Development Applications
1 1,300 (41.80%) Cucumber
2 1,016 (32.67%) Jenkins
3 821 (26.40%) Git (software)
4 804 (25.85%) JIRA
5 715 (22.99%) WebDriver
6 406 (13.05%) JMeter
7 351 (11.29%) SoapUI
8 341 (10.96%) SpecFlow
9 327 (10.51%) JUnit
10 303 (9.74%) Maven
11 228 (7.33%) Gatling
12 181 (5.82%) Visual Studio
13 171 (5.50%) Visual Studio Team System
14 161 (5.18%) TeamCity
15 151 (4.86%) Team Foundation Server
16 149 (4.79%) Bitbucket
17 135 (4.34%) HP UFT
17 135 (4.34%) Protractor
18 131 (4.21%) Ant
19 122 (3.92%) Subversion
General
1 471 (15.14%) Finance
2 215 (6.91%) Banking
3 126 (4.05%) Retail
4 39 (1.25%) Marketing
5 32 (1.03%) Advertising
6 25 (0.80%) Games
6 25 (0.80%) Telecoms
7 23 (0.74%) Investment Banking
8 21 (0.68%) Manufacturing
9 18 (0.58%) Back Office
10 17 (0.55%) Financial Institution
11 14 (0.45%) Electronics
11 14 (0.45%) Law
12 12 (0.39%) Front Office
13 10 (0.32%) Legal
14 9 (0.29%) Retail Banking
15 7 (0.23%) Automotive
15 7 (0.23%) Publishing
16 6 (0.19%) Online Betting
17 3 (0.096%) Corporate Banking
Job Titles
1 898 (28.87%) Developer
2 731 (23.50%) Tester
3 545 (17.52%) Automation Tester
4 454 (14.60%) Analyst
5 404 (12.99%) Test Analyst
6 363 (11.67%) Test Engineer
7 241 (7.75%) Java Developer
8 227 (7.30%) Automation Test Analyst
9 221 (7.11%) Test Automation Engineer
10 209 (6.72%) Developer in Test
11 192 (6.17%) Selenium Tester
12 182 (5.85%) Selenium Automation Tester
13 128 (4.12%) QA Tester
14 126 (4.05%) DevOps Engineer
14 126 (4.05%) QA Engineer
15 123 (3.95%) Java Automation Tester
16 122 (3.92%) Test Automation Developer
17 118 (3.79%) .NET Developer
18 102 (3.28%) C# Developer
19 100 (3.22%) Test Leader
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 577 (18.55%) HTML
2 568 (18.26%) CSS
3 511 (16.43%) .NET
4 439 (14.12%) AngularJS
5 414 (13.31%) Gherkin
6 397 (12.77%) Web Services
7 396 (12.73%) REST
8 352 (11.32%) Node.js
9 316 (10.16%) SOAP
10 283 (9.10%) RESTful
11 273 (8.78%) HTML5
12 269 (8.65%) XML
13 254 (8.17%) JSON
14 241 (7.75%) React
15 223 (7.17%) Spring
16 185 (5.95%) jQuery
17 157 (5.05%) ASP.NET
18 132 (4.24%) .NET Framework
19 125 (4.02%) Jest
20 117 (3.76%) Spring Boot
Miscellaneous
1 187 (6.01%) Analytical Skills
2 132 (4.24%) Greenfield Project
3 120 (3.86%) User Experience
4 112 (3.60%) Mobile App
5 97 (3.12%) Fintech
6 93 (2.99%) Computer Science
7 87 (2.80%) Self-Motivation
8 44 (1.41%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
9 43 (1.38%) Linux Command Line
10 39 (1.25%) Algorithms
11 27 (0.87%) Virtual Team
12 24 (0.77%) Data Structures
13 19 (0.61%) Enterprise Software
14 17 (0.55%) Public Cloud
15 16 (0.51%) NHS
16 13 (0.42%) Client/Server
17 12 (0.39%) Video on Demand
18 11 (0.35%) Management Information System
19 8 (0.26%) DataPower
19 8 (0.26%) Fixed Income
Operating Systems
1 365 (11.74%) Linux
2 263 (8.46%) Windows
3 208 (6.69%) Unix
4 86 (2.77%) Ubuntu
5 69 (2.22%) Apple iOS
6 60 (1.93%) Android
7 43 (1.38%) Windows Server
8 41 (1.32%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 15 (0.48%) VMS
10 13 (0.42%) Mac OS X
11 11 (0.35%) Windows Server 2012
12 10 (0.32%) Mac OS
13 9 (0.29%) CentOS
13 9 (0.29%) Windows Server 2003
14 8 (0.26%) Solaris
14 8 (0.26%) Windows Server 2008
15 4 (0.13%) Debian
16 1 (0.032%) Embedded Linux
16 1 (0.032%) Windows 10
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,456 (78.97%) Test Automation
2 2,062 (66.30%) Agile Software Development
3 983 (31.61%) BDD
4 783 (25.18%) TDD
5 767 (24.66%) Scrum
6 742 (23.86%) Continuous Integration
7 597 (19.20%) DevOps
8 442 (14.21%) API Testing
9 416 (13.38%) Microservices
10 353 (11.35%) SDET
11 325 (10.45%) Test Scripting
12 311 (10.00%) Test Strategy
13 272 (8.75%) Kanban
14 266 (8.55%) Performance Testing
15 262 (8.42%) Open Source
16 255 (8.20%) Regression Testing
17 245 (7.88%) Continuous Delivery
18 243 (7.81%) Problem-Solving
19 238 (7.65%) OO
20 224 (7.20%) Manual Testing
Programming Languages
1 1,614 (51.90%) Java
2 994 (31.96%) JavaScript
3 796 (25.59%) C#
4 672 (21.61%) SQL
5 437 (14.05%) Python
6 197 (6.33%) Ruby
7 174 (5.59%) Groovy
8 155 (4.98%) Scala
9 121 (3.89%) Java 8
10 107 (3.44%) ES6
11 92 (2.96%) Bash Shell
12 91 (2.93%) TypeScript
13 89 (2.86%) Perl
14 88 (2.83%) PHP
15 63 (2.03%) C++
16 58 (1.86%) Go
17 52 (1.67%) C
17 52 (1.67%) Haskell
18 47 (1.51%) PL/SQL
19 45 (1.45%) PowerShell
Qualifications
1 251 (8.07%) Security Cleared
2 213 (6.85%) ISTQB
3 191 (6.14%) SC Cleared
4 176 (5.66%) ISEB
5 121 (3.89%) Degree
6 62 (1.99%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
7 51 (1.64%) Computer Science Degree
8 39 (1.25%) BPSS Clearance
9 35 (1.13%) DV Cleared
10 20 (0.64%) DBS Check
11 14 (0.45%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
12 12 (0.39%) Master's Degree
13 10 (0.32%) ISEB Practitioner
14 8 (0.26%) CCNA
14 8 (0.26%) Cisco Certification
15 6 (0.19%) AWS Certification
16 5 (0.16%) CISSP
16 5 (0.16%) Microsoft Certification
16 5 (0.16%) Numerate Degree
17 4 (0.13%) MCSE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 836 (26.88%) QA
2 24 (0.77%) WCAG
3 21 (0.68%) Data Quality
4 17 (0.55%) PMO
5 12 (0.39%) Disclosure Scotland
6 6 (0.19%) GDPR
7 1 (0.032%) ISO 9001
7 1 (0.032%) ISO/IEC 27001
System Software
1 552 (17.75%) Docker
2 21 (0.68%) Virtual Machines
3 16 (0.51%) Active Directory
4 13 (0.42%) VMware Infrastructure
5 11 (0.35%) HDFS
6 8 (0.26%) vSphere
7 5 (0.16%) Hyper-V
7 5 (0.16%) VirtualBox
8 3 (0.096%) LXC
8 3 (0.096%) Virtual Servers
9 1 (0.032%) ACF2
9 1 (0.032%) Apache Flume
9 1 (0.032%) IAG
9 1 (0.032%) RACF
Systems Management
1 213 (6.85%) Puppet
2 166 (5.34%) Ansible
3 139 (4.47%) Kubernetes
4 113 (3.63%) Kibana
5 93 (2.99%) Opscode Chef
6 86 (2.77%) Grafana
7 76 (2.44%) Terraform
8 54 (1.74%) HP Quality Center
9 32 (1.03%) logstash
10 31 (1.00%) HP ALM
11 21 (0.68%) Graphite
12 19 (0.61%) Nagios
13 12 (0.39%) Packer
13 12 (0.39%) ZABBIX
14 11 (0.35%) Cobbler
15 10 (0.32%) CA Service Virtualization
15 10 (0.32%) OpenView
15 10 (0.32%) SCOM
16 9 (0.29%) WMI
17 6 (0.19%) Nessus
Vendors
1 288 (9.26%) Microsoft
2 222 (7.14%) Oracle
3 150 (4.82%) Google
4 107 (3.44%) Atlassian
5 72 (2.32%) HP
6 64 (2.06%) Splunk
7 63 (2.03%) Adobe
8 56 (1.80%) IBM
9 45 (1.45%) Red Hat
10 42 (1.35%) webMethods
11 35 (1.13%) AppDynamics
11 35 (1.13%) SAP
12 31 (1.00%) Cypress Semiconductor
13 27 (0.87%) hybris
14 25 (0.80%) Perfecto Mobile
15 24 (0.77%) Pega
16 21 (0.68%) CA Agile Central
16 21 (0.68%) New Relic
17 20 (0.64%) Micro Focus
18 17 (0.55%) VMware