Period
to 20 October 2017

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Selenium skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Selenium over the 6 months to 20 October 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Selenium
UK
6 months to
20 Oct 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 129 139 150
Rank change year-on-year +10 +11 +18
Contract jobs citing Selenium 1945 2026 1848
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 1.96% 1.91% 1.62%
As % of the Development Applications category 10.63% 11.56% 11.58%
Number of daily rates quoted 1277 1314 1267
UK median daily rate £425 £400 £388
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +6.25% +3.23% +6.90%
10th Percentile £300 £275 £264
90th Percentile £556 £538 £526
UK excluding London median daily rate £375 £388 £360
% change year-on-year -3.23% +7.64% +6.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 8 20 2
UK median hourly rate £47.50 £52.00 £26.75
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -8.65% +94.39% -62.32%
10th Percentile £17.20 £35.98 £15.48
90th Percentile £48.75 £59.31 £37.43
UK excluding London median hourly rate £47.50 £52.00 £26.75
% change year-on-year -8.65% +94.39% -23.57%

Selenium is in the Development Applications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for development application skills.

All Development Application Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for development application skills 18302 17523 15954
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 18.42% 16.49% 13.97%
Number of daily rates quoted 12684 11864 10558
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.88% +6.25% +3.23%
10th Percentile £313 £300 £275
90th Percentile £600 £575 £563
UK excluding London median daily rate £405 £400 £375
% change year-on-year +1.25% +6.67% +7.14%
Number of hourly rates quoted 291 254 313
UK median hourly rate £42.50 £41.00 £39.25
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +3.66% +4.46% +3.84%
10th Percentile £30.25 £24.00 £24.28
90th Percentile £63.75 £53.75 £49.10
UK excluding London median hourly rate £42.50 £41.00 £39.37
% change year-on-year +3.66% +4.14% +4.99%

Selenium
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Selenium as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Selenium in the UK

Selenium
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Selenium.

Contractor daily rate trend for Selenium in the UK

Selenium
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Selenium over the 6 months to 20 October 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Selenium in the UK

Selenium
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Selenium.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Selenium in the UK

Selenium
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Selenium over the 6 months to 20 October 2017.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Selenium in the UK

Selenium
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Selenium within the UK over the 6 months to 20 October 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +15 1802 £425 +3.66% 268
UK excluding London -18 978 £375 -3.23% 198
London +24 945 £475 +8.57% 91
South East -31 282 £400 +3.23% 50
North of England +36 260 £375 +4.17% 60
Midlands +18 135 £400 - 34
Yorkshire +16 132 £375 -2.60% 22
South West +13 103 £360 -10.00% 17
Scotland -3 97 £375 -6.25% 15
North West -1 80 £375 - 35
East Midlands +36 78 £400 +4.92% 25
East of England -30 76 £350 - 16
West Midlands -25 56 £403 -2.72% 8
North East +53 48 £383 +17.69% 3
Wales -44 13 £313 -24.24% 4
Northern Ireland -41 9 £313 -3.85% 2
Isle of Man - 3 £225 -

For the 6 months to 20 October 2017, IT contractor jobs citing Selenium also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads with a requirement for Selenium.

1 1320 (67.87%) Test Automation
2 1319 (67.81%) Agile Software Development
3 1074 (55.22%) Java
4 721 (37.07%) Cucumber
5 701 (36.04%) BDD
6 576 (29.61%) Jenkins
7 573 (29.46%) JavaScript
8 565 (29.05%) WebDriver
9 556 (28.59%) TDD
10 500 (25.71%) Scrum
11 459 (23.60%) JIRA
12 449 (23.08%) Git (software)
13 436 (22.42%) QA
14 423 (21.75%) Continuous Integration
15 422 (21.70%) C#
16 402 (20.67%) SQL
17 380 (19.54%) HTML
18 327 (16.81%) Web Services
19 326 (16.76%) CSS
20 321 (16.50%) AngularJS
21 282 (14.50%) Test Scripting
22 272 (13.98%) .NET
23 270 (13.88%) DevOps
24 259 (13.32%) Finance
25 257 (13.21%) SOAP
26 256 (13.16%) JUnit
27 246 (12.65%) Spring
28 236 (12.13%) Python
29 226 (11.62%) RESTful
30 222 (11.41%) Kanban

Selenium
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 179 (9.20%) Confluence
2 76 (3.91%) Tomcat
3 68 (3.50%) JBoss
4 62 (3.19%) WebLogic
5 48 (2.47%) Apache
6 44 (2.26%) Elasticsearch
7 38 (1.95%) WebSphere
8 33 (1.70%) Oracle SOA Suite
9 28 (1.44%) CMS
10 19 (0.98%) Cloud Foundry
11 17 (0.87%) Jetty
12 15 (0.77%) nginx
13 14 (0.72%) Mule
14 11 (0.57%) SharePoint
15 10 (0.51%) Apache Spark
15 10 (0.51%) Sitecore CMS
16 9 (0.46%) Apache Solr
17 7 (0.36%) Drupal
18 6 (0.31%) BizTalk Server
19 5 (0.26%) ColdFusion
Applications
1 29 (1.49%) Microsoft Excel
2 17 (0.87%) Adobe Creative Suite
2 17 (0.87%) OmniGraffle
3 4 (0.21%) Microsoft Project
4 3 (0.15%) Mingle
4 3 (0.15%) MS Visio
5 2 (0.10%) Adobe After Effects
5 2 (0.10%) Adobe Illustrator
5 2 (0.10%) Microsoft Office
5 2 (0.10%) Photoshop
5 2 (0.10%) Spreadsheet
6 1 (0.051%) Microsoft PowerPoint
Business Applications
1 24 (1.23%) Payment Gateway
2 16 (0.82%) Magento
3 12 (0.62%) SAP Hybris
4 5 (0.26%) Oracle BPM
5 4 (0.21%) Dynamics CRM
6 3 (0.15%) Eloqua
7 2 (0.10%) Oracle Applications
8 1 (0.051%) CSG Singleview
8 1 (0.051%) Dynamics AX
8 1 (0.051%) IntelliMatch
8 1 (0.051%) OpenText Process Suite
8 1 (0.051%) Oracle Financials
8 1 (0.051%) PeopleSoft CRM
8 1 (0.051%) SAP ERP
8 1 (0.051%) SAP PM
8 1 (0.051%) Sonata
8 1 (0.051%) Tercero
Cloud Services
1 136 (6.99%) Amazon AWS
2 87 (4.47%) Microsoft Azure
3 70 (3.60%) GitHub
4 31 (1.59%) npm
4 31 (1.59%) PaaS
5 28 (1.44%) Sauce Labs
6 25 (1.29%) IaaS
7 23 (1.18%) BrowserStack
8 15 (0.77%) Amazon EC2
8 15 (0.77%) Google Cloud Platform
9 14 (0.72%) Google Analytics
9 14 (0.72%) Salesforce Service Cloud
10 13 (0.67%) Cloud Computing
10 13 (0.67%) OpenShift
11 10 (0.51%) AWS Lambda
11 10 (0.51%) Route 53
11 10 (0.51%) SaaS
11 10 (0.51%) Salesforce Sales Cloud
11 10 (0.51%) Serverless
12 9 (0.46%) AWS CloudFormation
Communications & Networking
1 63 (3.24%) HTTP
2 46 (2.37%) Internet
3 22 (1.13%) TCP/IP
4 20 (1.03%) SSL
5 17 (0.87%) PuTTY
5 17 (0.87%) WinSCP
6 15 (0.77%) Firewall
7 14 (0.72%) SMS
8 12 (0.62%) AMQP
9 5 (0.26%) 802.11
9 5 (0.26%) ADSL
9 5 (0.26%) Bluetooth
9 5 (0.26%) Broadband
9 5 (0.26%) IPv4
9 5 (0.26%) IPv6
9 5 (0.26%) UPnP
9 5 (0.26%) VDSL
9 5 (0.26%) WAN
9 5 (0.26%) Wireless
9 5 (0.26%) Wireshark
Database & Business Intelligence
1 118 (6.07%) MongoDB
2 89 (4.58%) SQL Server
3 72 (3.70%) NoSQL
3 72 (3.70%) Relational Database
4 68 (3.50%) MySQL
4 68 (3.50%) Redis
5 46 (2.37%) Oracle Database
6 42 (2.16%) PostgreSQL
7 38 (1.95%) Big Data
8 35 (1.80%) RDBMS
9 33 (1.70%) Endeca
10 30 (1.54%) Hadoop
11 27 (1.39%) DB2
12 23 (1.18%) Apache Cassandra
13 22 (1.13%) Couchbase
14 21 (1.08%) SQL Server Integration Services
15 19 (0.98%) SQL Server 2012
16 17 (0.87%) Oracle Database 11g
17 16 (0.82%) DbVisualizer
18 15 (0.77%) SQL Server 2016
Development Applications
1 721 (37.07%) Cucumber
2 576 (29.61%) Jenkins
3 565 (29.05%) WebDriver
4 459 (23.60%) JIRA
5 449 (23.08%) Git (software)
6 256 (13.16%) JUnit
7 219 (11.26%) SoapUI
8 183 (9.41%) Maven
9 159 (8.17%) SpecFlow
10 147 (7.56%) JMeter
11 124 (6.38%) Jasmine
12 114 (5.86%) Protractor
13 102 (5.24%) Ant
14 100 (5.14%) Subversion
15 96 (4.94%) Appium
16 91 (4.68%) HP UFT
17 89 (4.58%) TeamCity
18 83 (4.27%) Atlassian Bamboo
19 82 (4.22%) Bitbucket
20 81 (4.16%) gulp
General
1 259 (13.32%) Finance
2 200 (10.28%) Banking
3 173 (8.89%) Retail
4 50 (2.57%) Investment Banking
5 48 (2.47%) Games
6 37 (1.90%) Marketing
7 32 (1.65%) Front Office
7 32 (1.65%) Telecoms
8 27 (1.39%) Retail Banking
9 24 (1.23%) Manufacturing
10 23 (1.18%) Publishing
11 19 (0.98%) Back Office
12 16 (0.82%) Advertising
13 13 (0.67%) Corporate Banking
14 11 (0.57%) Electronics
15 10 (0.51%) Automotive
16 9 (0.46%) Financial Institution
17 8 (0.41%) Law
18 4 (0.21%) Legal
19 3 (0.15%) Spanish Language
Job Titles
1 667 (34.29%) Developer
2 438 (22.52%) Tester
3 328 (16.86%) Analyst
4 311 (15.99%) Automation Tester
5 289 (14.86%) Test Analyst
6 225 (11.57%) Java Developer
7 161 (8.28%) Test Engineer
8 153 (7.87%) Automation Test Analyst
9 115 (5.91%) Developer in Test
10 110 (5.66%) Selenium Tester
11 108 (5.55%) Angular Developer
12 97 (4.99%) Test Automation Engineer
13 94 (4.83%) Selenium Automation Tester
14 91 (4.68%) QA Engineer
15 89 (4.58%) JavaScript Developer
16 86 (4.42%) QA Tester
17 84 (4.32%) Senior Developer
18 70 (3.60%) Selenium Test Analyst
19 64 (3.29%) Full Stack Developer
19 64 (3.29%) Java Automation Tester
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 380 (19.54%) HTML
2 327 (16.81%) Web Services
3 326 (16.76%) CSS
4 321 (16.50%) AngularJS
5 272 (13.98%) .NET
6 257 (13.21%) SOAP
7 246 (12.65%) Spring
8 226 (11.62%) RESTful
9 221 (11.36%) Node.js
10 214 (11.00%) REST
11 212 (10.90%) HTML5
12 206 (10.59%) Gherkin
13 173 (8.89%) React
14 158 (8.12%) XML
15 135 (6.94%) JSON
16 122 (6.27%) J2EE
17 120 (6.17%) CSS3
18 114 (5.86%) Hibernate
19 107 (5.50%) jQuery
20 80 (4.11%) ASP.NET
Miscellaneous
1 125 (6.43%) Analytical Skills
2 114 (5.86%) User Experience
3 92 (4.73%) Greenfield Project
4 88 (4.52%) Mobile App
5 51 (2.62%) Enterprise Software
6 43 (2.21%) Computer Science
7 26 (1.34%) Social Media
8 25 (1.29%) iPad
9 24 (1.23%) Fintech
10 19 (0.98%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
10 19 (0.98%) Virtual Team
11 13 (0.67%) Derivative
11 13 (0.67%) Public Cloud
12 11 (0.57%) Client/Server
13 9 (0.46%) Fixed Income
13 9 (0.46%) Management Information System
13 9 (0.46%) N-Tier
13 9 (0.46%) Online Banking
14 7 (0.36%) Linux Command Line
15 6 (0.31%) Credit Risk
Operating Systems
1 164 (8.43%) Linux
2 121 (6.22%) Unix
3 96 (4.94%) Windows
4 73 (3.75%) Apple iOS
5 71 (3.65%) Android
6 25 (1.29%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 18 (0.93%) Mac OS X
8 16 (0.82%) Windows Server
9 12 (0.62%) Windows Server 2012
10 11 (0.57%) Ubuntu
11 8 (0.41%) CentOS
12 4 (0.21%) AIX
13 3 (0.15%) Debian
13 3 (0.15%) Solaris
14 2 (0.10%) Windows Mobile
14 2 (0.10%) Windows Server 2008
15 1 (0.051%) Mac OS
15 1 (0.051%) OpenVMS
15 1 (0.051%) Windows 10
Processes & Methodologies
1 1320 (67.87%) Test Automation
2 1319 (67.81%) Agile Software Development
3 701 (36.04%) BDD
4 556 (28.59%) TDD
5 500 (25.71%) Scrum
6 423 (21.75%) Continuous Integration
7 282 (14.50%) Test Scripting
8 270 (13.88%) DevOps
9 222 (11.41%) Kanban
10 188 (9.67%) Open Source
11 182 (9.36%) E-Commerce
12 171 (8.79%) API Testing
13 167 (8.59%) Test Strategy
14 155 (7.97%) Performance Testing
15 154 (7.92%) SDLC
16 153 (7.87%) MVC
17 150 (7.71%) Microservices
18 149 (7.66%) Regression Testing
19 137 (7.04%) Software Testing
20 132 (6.79%) Continuous Delivery
Programming Languages
1 1074 (55.22%) Java
2 573 (29.46%) JavaScript
3 422 (21.70%) C#
4 402 (20.67%) SQL
5 236 (12.13%) Python
6 177 (9.10%) Ruby
7 110 (5.66%) Scala
8 67 (3.44%) Bash Shell
9 59 (3.03%) Groovy
10 51 (2.62%) PHP
11 48 (2.47%) TypeScript
12 47 (2.42%) ES6
13 40 (2.06%) Perl
14 26 (1.34%) PowerShell
15 24 (1.23%) F#
15 24 (1.23%) VBScript
16 23 (1.18%) C
16 23 (1.18%) T-SQL
17 22 (1.13%) Apple Swift
18 20 (1.03%) VBA
Qualifications
1 116 (5.96%) ISEB
1 116 (5.96%) ISTQB
2 114 (5.86%) Security Cleared
3 71 (3.65%) SC Cleared
4 61 (3.14%) Degree
5 39 (2.01%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
6 18 (0.93%) DV Cleared
7 17 (0.87%) Computer Science Degree
8 14 (0.72%) ISEB Practitioner
9 7 (0.36%) BPSS Clearance
9 7 (0.36%) MySQL Certification
10 6 (0.31%) Master's Degree
11 3 (0.15%) BC Cleared
12 2 (0.10%) AWS Certification
12 2 (0.10%) CFA
12 2 (0.10%) Numerate Degree
13 1 (0.051%) CTC Cleared
13 1 (0.051%) ITIL Certification
13 1 (0.051%) Microsoft Certification
13 1 (0.051%) Postgraduate
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 436 (22.42%) QA
2 23 (1.18%) WCAG
3 7 (0.36%) Disclosure Scotland
3 7 (0.36%) MiFID
4 4 (0.21%) Data Quality
5 3 (0.15%) GCP
5 3 (0.15%) WAI
6 1 (0.051%) EMIR
6 1 (0.051%) GDPR
6 1 (0.051%) ISO 13485
6 1 (0.051%) ISO 20022
6 1 (0.051%) ISO 8583
6 1 (0.051%) ISO/IEC 27001
System Software
1 208 (10.69%) Docker
2 12 (0.62%) vSphere
3 11 (0.57%) VMware Infrastructure
4 7 (0.36%) VMware NSX
5 6 (0.31%) LXC
5 6 (0.31%) Virtual Servers
6 5 (0.26%) Firmware
6 5 (0.26%) Virtual Machines
7 2 (0.10%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 2 (0.10%) KVM
7 2 (0.10%) Varnish
8 1 (0.051%) Active Directory
8 1 (0.051%) HDFS
8 1 (0.051%) Hyper-V
8 1 (0.051%) Squid
Systems Management
1 133 (6.84%) Ansible
2 122 (6.27%) Puppet
3 89 (4.58%) Opscode Chef
4 64 (3.29%) HP Quality Center
5 41 (2.11%) Kibana
6 28 (1.44%) Kubernetes
7 25 (1.29%) Terraform
8 18 (0.93%) logstash
9 17 (0.87%) Grafana
10 10 (0.51%) Nagios
11 9 (0.46%) Cobbler
12 8 (0.41%) Business Desktop Deployment
13 7 (0.36%) CA Service Virtualization
14 6 (0.31%) SELinux
15 5 (0.26%) Packer
15 5 (0.26%) Rundeck
16 4 (0.21%) Consul
16 4 (0.21%) HP Fortify
16 4 (0.21%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
16 4 (0.21%) vRealize
Vendors
1 214 (11.00%) Oracle
2 100 (5.14%) HP
3 90 (4.63%) Microsoft
4 60 (3.08%) Atlassian
5 59 (3.03%) hybris
6 47 (2.42%) Google
7 41 (2.11%) Red Hat
8 39 (2.01%) IBM
9 37 (1.90%) Salesforce.com
10 35 (1.80%) Splunk
11 30 (1.54%) ATG
11 30 (1.54%) VMware
11 30 (1.54%) webMethods
12 29 (1.49%) Adobe
13 26 (1.34%) SAP
14 18 (0.93%) AppDynamics
15 16 (0.82%) Sitecore
16 14 (0.72%) MuleSoft
17 13 (0.67%) New Relic
18 8 (0.41%) TIBCO