Period
to 22 November 2017

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Selenium skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Selenium over the 6 months to 22 November 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Selenium
UK
6 months to
22 Nov 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 121 130 151
Rank change year-on-year +9 +21 +15
Contract jobs citing Selenium 2106 2089 1863
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 2.04% 1.98% 1.65%
As % of the Development Applications category 10.92% 12.00% 11.55%
Number of daily rates quoted 1408 1362 1284
UK median daily rate £425 £410 £390
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +3.66% +5.13% +4.00%
10th Percentile £298 £280 £263
90th Percentile £563 £550 £530
UK excluding London median daily rate £375 £385 £360
% change year-on-year -2.60% +6.94% +2.86%
Number of hourly rates quoted 8 20 6
UK median hourly rate £47.50 £52.00 £50.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -8.65% +4.00% -29.58%
10th Percentile £29.28 £39.01 £40.00
90th Percentile £53.00 £59.31 £58.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £47.50 £52.00 £40.00
% change year-on-year -8.65% +30.00% +10.34%

Selenium is in the Development Applications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for development application skills.

All Development Application Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for development application skills 19285 17412 16125
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 18.69% 16.51% 14.30%
Number of daily rates quoted 13430 11718 10733
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.88% +6.25% +0.13%
10th Percentile £313 £300 £275
90th Percentile £600 £575 £563
UK excluding London median daily rate £413 £400 £375
% change year-on-year +3.13% +6.67% +7.14%
Number of hourly rates quoted 287 252 336
UK median hourly rate £42.50 £41.00 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +3.66% +2.50% +6.67%
10th Percentile £29.00 £24.10 £24.23
90th Percentile £60.40 £53.75 £50.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £42.50 £41.00 £40.00
% change year-on-year +3.66% +2.50% +6.67%

Selenium
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Selenium as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Selenium in the UK

Selenium
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Selenium.

Contractor daily rate trend for Selenium in the UK

Selenium
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Selenium over the 6 months to 22 November 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Selenium in the UK

Selenium
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Selenium.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Selenium in the UK

Selenium
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Selenium over the 6 months to 22 November 2017.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Selenium in the UK

Selenium
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Selenium within the UK over the 6 months to 22 November 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +14 1955 £425 +3.03% 399
UK excluding London -15 1053 £375 -2.60% 244
London +21 1031 £475 +5.56% 173
South East -13 337 £400 +3.90% 56
North of England +11 237 £375 - 72
Midlands +20 149 £400 +3.23% 47
South West +16 121 £370 -4.52% 24
Yorkshire -5 119 £375 -5.06% 32
Scotland -12 94 £375 -6.25% 10
East of England -23 80 £380 +8.57% 27
East Midlands +32 77 £400 +6.67% 28
North West -8 76 £370 -6.33% 38
West Midlands -13 71 £400 - 17
North East +37 42 £425 +23.19% 2
Northern Ireland -28 18 £275 -15.38%
Wales -35 14 £350 -17.65% 8
Isle of Man - 3 £225 -

For the 6 months to 22 November 2017, IT contractor jobs citing Selenium also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads with a requirement for Selenium.

1 1467 (69.66%) Test Automation
2 1448 (68.76%) Agile Software Development
3 1171 (55.60%) Java
4 841 (39.93%) Cucumber
5 787 (37.37%) BDD
6 643 (30.53%) JavaScript
7 630 (29.91%) Jenkins
8 620 (29.44%) TDD
9 582 (27.64%) WebDriver
10 561 (26.64%) Scrum
11 504 (23.93%) QA
12 482 (22.89%) JIRA
13 474 (22.51%) Git (software)
14 468 (22.22%) Continuous Integration
14 468 (22.22%) C#
15 455 (21.60%) SQL
16 390 (18.52%) HTML
17 342 (16.24%) Web Services
18 341 (16.19%) CSS
19 327 (15.53%) AngularJS
20 311 (14.77%) DevOps
21 301 (14.29%) Finance
22 297 (14.10%) .NET
23 284 (13.49%) JUnit
24 281 (13.34%) Test Scripting
25 271 (12.87%) SOAP
26 249 (11.82%) Spring
27 247 (11.73%) SoapUI
28 240 (11.40%) REST
29 238 (11.30%) RESTful

Selenium
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 194 (9.21%) Confluence
2 82 (3.89%) Tomcat
3 79 (3.75%) JBoss
4 66 (3.13%) WebLogic
5 61 (2.90%) Apache
6 48 (2.28%) Elasticsearch
7 37 (1.76%) Oracle SOA Suite
8 33 (1.57%) WebSphere
9 29 (1.38%) CMS
10 24 (1.14%) Cloud Foundry
11 16 (0.76%) Jetty
12 12 (0.57%) SharePoint
13 11 (0.52%) IIS
13 11 (0.52%) nginx
14 10 (0.47%) Mule
15 9 (0.43%) Apache Solr
15 9 (0.43%) Apache Spark
15 9 (0.43%) Sitecore CMS
16 7 (0.33%) Adobe Experience Manager
16 7 (0.33%) OpenStack
Applications
1 28 (1.33%) Microsoft Excel
2 18 (0.85%) Adobe Creative Suite
2 18 (0.85%) OmniGraffle
3 6 (0.28%) Microsoft Office
4 4 (0.19%) Microsoft Project
5 3 (0.14%) Mingle
5 3 (0.14%) MS Visio
5 3 (0.14%) Photoshop
6 2 (0.095%) Adobe After Effects
6 2 (0.095%) Adobe Illustrator
7 1 (0.047%) HipChat
7 1 (0.047%) Microsoft PowerPoint
Business Applications
1 26 (1.23%) Payment Gateway
2 13 (0.62%) Magento
3 12 (0.57%) SAP Hybris
4 5 (0.24%) Dynamics CRM
4 5 (0.24%) Oracle BPM
5 3 (0.14%) Eloqua
6 2 (0.095%) Oracle Applications
7 1 (0.047%) CSG Singleview
7 1 (0.047%) Dynamics AX
7 1 (0.047%) IntelliMatch
7 1 (0.047%) OpenText Process Suite
7 1 (0.047%) Oracle Financials
7 1 (0.047%) PeopleSoft CRM
Cloud Services
1 166 (7.88%) Amazon AWS
2 105 (4.99%) Microsoft Azure
3 75 (3.56%) GitHub
4 33 (1.57%) PaaS
5 32 (1.52%) Sauce Labs
6 29 (1.38%) BrowserStack
7 27 (1.28%) IaaS
8 26 (1.23%) npm
9 17 (0.81%) Salesforce Service Cloud
10 16 (0.76%) Google Cloud Platform
11 15 (0.71%) Amazon EC2
11 15 (0.71%) OpenShift
12 14 (0.66%) Cloud Computing
13 13 (0.62%) AWS Lambda
13 13 (0.62%) Google Analytics
13 13 (0.62%) Serverless
14 12 (0.57%) AWS CloudFormation
15 11 (0.52%) BlazeMeter
16 10 (0.47%) Route 53
16 10 (0.47%) Salesforce Sales Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 70 (3.32%) HTTP
2 49 (2.33%) Internet
3 29 (1.38%) TCP/IP
4 26 (1.23%) SSL
5 23 (1.09%) Firewall
6 20 (0.95%) PuTTY
6 20 (0.95%) WinSCP
7 15 (0.71%) SMS
8 12 (0.57%) AMQP
9 5 (0.24%) 802.11
9 5 (0.24%) ADSL
9 5 (0.24%) Bluetooth
9 5 (0.24%) Broadband
9 5 (0.24%) IPv4
9 5 (0.24%) IPv6
9 5 (0.24%) UPnP
9 5 (0.24%) VDSL
9 5 (0.24%) WAN
9 5 (0.24%) Wireless
9 5 (0.24%) Wireshark
Database & Business Intelligence
1 125 (5.94%) MongoDB
2 107 (5.08%) SQL Server
3 82 (3.89%) MySQL
4 81 (3.85%) Redis
5 80 (3.80%) Relational Database
6 68 (3.23%) NoSQL
7 53 (2.52%) Oracle Database
8 49 (2.33%) PostgreSQL
9 41 (1.95%) RDBMS
10 36 (1.71%) Big Data
10 36 (1.71%) Hadoop
11 35 (1.66%) Endeca
12 28 (1.33%) Apache Cassandra
13 27 (1.28%) SQL Server 2012
13 27 (1.28%) SQL Server 2016
14 23 (1.09%) DB2
15 21 (1.00%) Couchbase
16 20 (0.95%) Oracle Database 11g
17 19 (0.90%) SQL Server Integration Services
18 16 (0.76%) Oracle Database 10g
Development Applications
1 841 (39.93%) Cucumber
2 630 (29.91%) Jenkins
3 582 (27.64%) WebDriver
4 482 (22.89%) JIRA
5 474 (22.51%) Git (software)
6 284 (13.49%) JUnit
7 247 (11.73%) SoapUI
8 216 (10.26%) Maven
9 199 (9.45%) JMeter
10 193 (9.16%) SpecFlow
11 130 (6.17%) Jasmine
12 113 (5.37%) Ant
13 112 (5.32%) Protractor
14 108 (5.13%) Subversion
15 104 (4.94%) Appium
16 102 (4.84%) TeamCity
17 97 (4.61%) HP UFT
18 92 (4.37%) NUnit
19 88 (4.18%) Atlassian Bamboo
20 82 (3.89%) Mocha
General
1 301 (14.29%) Finance
2 235 (11.16%) Banking
3 164 (7.79%) Retail
4 55 (2.61%) Investment Banking
5 44 (2.09%) Games
6 36 (1.71%) Marketing
7 33 (1.57%) Telecoms
8 32 (1.52%) Front Office
9 28 (1.33%) Retail Banking
10 26 (1.23%) Publishing
11 25 (1.19%) Manufacturing
12 21 (1.00%) Back Office
13 18 (0.85%) Advertising
13 18 (0.85%) Financial Institution
14 14 (0.66%) Electronics
15 13 (0.62%) Corporate Banking
16 10 (0.47%) Law
17 7 (0.33%) Automotive
18 6 (0.28%) Legal
19 3 (0.14%) Spanish Language
Job Titles
1 707 (33.57%) Developer
2 464 (22.03%) Tester
3 365 (17.33%) Analyst
4 325 (15.43%) Automation Tester
5 324 (15.38%) Test Analyst
6 237 (11.25%) Java Developer
7 185 (8.78%) Test Engineer
8 174 (8.26%) Automation Test Analyst
9 140 (6.65%) Developer in Test
10 123 (5.84%) Test Automation Engineer
11 117 (5.56%) Selenium Tester
12 112 (5.32%) QA Engineer
13 104 (4.94%) JavaScript Developer
14 97 (4.61%) QA Tester
14 97 (4.61%) Selenium Automation Tester
15 96 (4.56%) Angular Developer
16 80 (3.80%) DevOps Engineer
16 80 (3.80%) Senior Developer
17 74 (3.51%) Selenium Test Analyst
18 73 (3.47%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 390 (18.52%) HTML
2 342 (16.24%) Web Services
3 341 (16.19%) CSS
4 327 (15.53%) AngularJS
5 297 (14.10%) .NET
6 271 (12.87%) SOAP
7 249 (11.82%) Spring
8 240 (11.40%) REST
9 238 (11.30%) RESTful
10 229 (10.87%) Node.js
11 222 (10.54%) Gherkin
12 205 (9.73%) HTML5
13 174 (8.26%) React
14 149 (7.08%) XML
15 141 (6.70%) JSON
16 125 (5.94%) J2EE
17 112 (5.32%) CSS3
18 111 (5.27%) Hibernate
18 111 (5.27%) jQuery
19 79 (3.75%) ASP.NET
Miscellaneous
1 137 (6.51%) User Experience
2 119 (5.65%) Analytical Skills
3 103 (4.89%) Mobile App
4 100 (4.75%) Greenfield Project
5 54 (2.56%) Enterprise Software
6 51 (2.42%) Computer Science
7 41 (1.95%) Fintech
8 29 (1.38%) iPad
9 26 (1.23%) Social Media
10 23 (1.09%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
11 20 (0.95%) Virtual Team
12 14 (0.66%) Linux Command Line
13 13 (0.62%) Public Cloud
14 10 (0.47%) Management Information System
15 9 (0.43%) Client/Server
15 9 (0.43%) Derivative
15 9 (0.43%) N-Tier
15 9 (0.43%) Online Banking
16 8 (0.38%) Smartphone
17 6 (0.28%) Mobile Banking
Operating Systems
1 189 (8.97%) Linux
2 132 (6.27%) Unix
3 109 (5.18%) Windows
4 78 (3.70%) Android
4 78 (3.70%) Apple iOS
5 27 (1.28%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 20 (0.95%) Windows Server
7 19 (0.90%) Mac OS X
8 16 (0.76%) Windows Server 2012
9 12 (0.57%) Ubuntu
10 8 (0.38%) CentOS
11 4 (0.19%) AIX
12 3 (0.14%) Debian
12 3 (0.14%) Solaris
13 2 (0.095%) Nucleus RTOS
13 2 (0.095%) Windows Mobile
13 2 (0.095%) Windows Phone
13 2 (0.095%) Windows Server 2008
14 1 (0.047%) Mac OS
14 1 (0.047%) Windows 10
Processes & Methodologies
1 1467 (69.66%) Test Automation
2 1448 (68.76%) Agile Software Development
3 787 (37.37%) BDD
4 620 (29.44%) TDD
5 561 (26.64%) Scrum
6 468 (22.22%) Continuous Integration
7 311 (14.77%) DevOps
8 281 (13.34%) Test Scripting
9 236 (11.21%) Kanban
10 197 (9.35%) E-Commerce
11 193 (9.16%) API Testing
12 189 (8.97%) Open Source
13 178 (8.45%) Performance Testing
14 177 (8.40%) Test Strategy
15 163 (7.74%) SDLC
16 159 (7.55%) Microservices
17 155 (7.36%) MVC
18 152 (7.22%) Continuous Delivery
19 150 (7.12%) Regression Testing
20 145 (6.89%) SDET
Programming Languages
1 1171 (55.60%) Java
2 643 (30.53%) JavaScript
3 468 (22.22%) C#
4 455 (21.60%) SQL
5 235 (11.16%) Python
6 194 (9.21%) Ruby
7 113 (5.37%) Scala
8 66 (3.13%) Bash Shell
9 62 (2.94%) Groovy
10 51 (2.42%) ES6
11 48 (2.28%) Perl
12 47 (2.23%) PHP
13 40 (1.90%) TypeScript
14 30 (1.42%) T-SQL
14 30 (1.42%) VBScript
15 27 (1.28%) F#
16 25 (1.19%) Apple Swift
17 24 (1.14%) PowerShell
18 22 (1.04%) C++
18 22 (1.04%) PL/SQL
Qualifications
1 136 (6.46%) Security Cleared
2 110 (5.22%) ISEB
2 110 (5.22%) ISTQB
3 89 (4.23%) SC Cleared
4 76 (3.61%) Degree
5 40 (1.90%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
6 23 (1.09%) Computer Science Degree
7 20 (0.95%) DV Cleared
8 16 (0.76%) BPSS Clearance
9 13 (0.62%) ISEB Practitioner
10 7 (0.33%) MySQL Certification
11 3 (0.14%) BC Cleared
11 3 (0.14%) Master's Degree
12 2 (0.095%) AWS Certification
12 2 (0.095%) CFA
12 2 (0.095%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
12 2 (0.095%) Numerate Degree
13 1 (0.047%) CTC Cleared
13 1 (0.047%) Microsoft Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 504 (23.93%) QA
2 23 (1.09%) WCAG
3 7 (0.33%) Disclosure Scotland
3 7 (0.33%) MiFID
4 3 (0.14%) Data Quality
4 3 (0.14%) GCP
4 3 (0.14%) WAI
5 2 (0.095%) PMO
6 1 (0.047%) EMIR
6 1 (0.047%) GDPR
6 1 (0.047%) ISO 20022
6 1 (0.047%) ISO 8583
6 1 (0.047%) ISO/IEC 27001
System Software
1 226 (10.73%) Docker
2 15 (0.71%) vSphere
3 7 (0.33%) Virtual Servers
4 6 (0.28%) LXC
4 6 (0.28%) VMware Infrastructure
5 5 (0.24%) Firmware
6 4 (0.19%) VMware NSX
7 2 (0.095%) Varnish
7 2 (0.095%) Virtual Machines
8 1 (0.047%) Active Directory
8 1 (0.047%) HDFS
8 1 (0.047%) KVM
8 1 (0.047%) Squid
Systems Management
1 134 (6.36%) Ansible
2 131 (6.22%) Puppet
3 94 (4.46%) Opscode Chef
4 66 (3.13%) HP Quality Center
5 49 (2.33%) Kibana
6 32 (1.52%) Kubernetes
7 24 (1.14%) Grafana
8 23 (1.09%) Terraform
9 22 (1.04%) logstash
10 12 (0.57%) Nagios
11 9 (0.43%) Business Desktop Deployment
11 9 (0.43%) CA Service Virtualization
11 9 (0.43%) Cobbler
11 9 (0.43%) Rundeck
12 5 (0.24%) Docker Swarm
12 5 (0.24%) Galera Cluster
12 5 (0.24%) Graylog
12 5 (0.24%) OpenNebula
12 5 (0.24%) Packer
12 5 (0.24%) Tivoli
Vendors
1 229 (10.87%) Oracle
2 110 (5.22%) HP
3 97 (4.61%) Microsoft
4 70 (3.32%) Atlassian
5 53 (2.52%) hybris
6 52 (2.47%) Google
7 51 (2.42%) Salesforce.com
8 48 (2.28%) IBM
9 46 (2.18%) Red Hat
10 43 (2.04%) Splunk
11 36 (1.71%) webMethods
12 32 (1.52%) ATG
13 27 (1.28%) Adobe
13 27 (1.28%) VMware
14 24 (1.14%) AppDynamics
14 24 (1.14%) SAP
15 15 (0.71%) Sitecore
16 14 (0.66%) CA
16 14 (0.66%) MuleSoft
16 14 (0.66%) Software AG