Period
to 23 February 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Selenium skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Selenium over the 6 months to 23 February 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Selenium
UK
6 months to
23 Feb 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 133 88 115
Rank change year-on-year -45 +27 -16
Contract jobs citing Selenium 1,285 2,709 2,266
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 1.91% 2.76% 2.23%
As % of the Development Applications category 11.13% 12.97% 12.07%
Number of daily rates quoted 859 1,773 1,552
UK median daily rate £438 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -2.78% +5.88% +6.25%
10th Percentile £313 £313 £300
90th Percentile £588 £575 £575
UK excluding London median daily rate £415 £413 £400
% change year-on-year +0.61% +3.13% +6.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 10 10 10
UK median hourly rate £35.00 £35.50 £50.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -1.41% -29.00% -
10th Percentile £34.63 £30.25 £12.71
90th Percentile £53.50 £39.20 £61.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £35.00 £34.50 £50.00
% change year-on-year +1.45% -31.00% -

Selenium is in the Development Applications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for development application skills.

All Development Application Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for development application skills 11,542 20,880 18,777
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 17.13% 21.25% 18.51%
Number of daily rates quoted 7,579 14,293 13,141
UK median daily rate £475 £475 £463
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +2.70% +8.82%
10th Percentile £325 £325 £313
90th Percentile £650 £637 £613
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £450 £423
% change year-on-year - +6.51% +5.63%
Number of hourly rates quoted 199 281 234
UK median hourly rate £42.50 £43.00 £45.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -1.16% -4.44% +9.76%
10th Percentile £18.17 £30.00 £30.90
90th Percentile £62.75 £55.00 £67.25
UK excluding London median hourly rate £41.00 £44.00 £45.00
% change year-on-year -6.82% -2.22% +9.76%

Selenium
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Selenium as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Selenium in the UK

Selenium
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Selenium.

Contractor daily rate trend for Selenium in the UK

Selenium
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Selenium over the 6 months to 23 February 2020.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Selenium in the UK

Selenium
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Selenium.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Selenium in the UK

Selenium
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Selenium over the 6 months to 23 February 2020.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Selenium in the UK

Selenium
Top 15 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Selenium within the UK over the 6 months to 23 February 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -52 1,157 £450 - 542
UK excluding London -31 779 £415 +0.61% 476
London -55 471 £495 +4.21% 109
South East -12 253 £450 +5.88% 125
North of England -43 164 £398 -0.63% 140
South West -7 133 £463 +8.82% 84
Midlands -48 78 £388 -4.91% 59
Scotland -11 64 £388 -4.02% 23
North West -52 59 £400 -5.88% 71
East of England +5 54 £395 +8.97% 25
North East -2 53 £400 +2.83% 14
Yorkshire +5 52 £375 +2.74% 55
West Midlands -46 46 £368 -11.45% 33
Wales +20 33 £413 -2.94% 18
East Midlands +11 32 £411 +5.45% 26

For the 6 months to 23 February 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Selenium also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Selenium.

1 927 (72.14%) Test Automation
2 755 (58.75%) Agile Software Development
3 559 (43.50%) Java
4 526 (40.93%) Cucumber
5 402 (31.28%) JavaScript
6 368 (28.64%) Jenkins
7 348 (27.08%) C#
8 327 (25.45%) SQL
9 310 (24.12%) BDD
10 303 (23.58%) JIRA
11 278 (21.63%) Scrum
12 274 (21.32%) QA
13 254 (19.77%) DevOps
14 247 (19.22%) WebDriver
15 239 (18.60%) Git (software)
16 225 (17.51%) Continuous Integration
17 224 (17.43%) TDD
18 219 (17.04%) Azure
19 199 (15.49%) .NET
19 199 (15.49%) AngularJS
20 188 (14.63%) HTML
21 177 (13.77%) Test Scripting
22 171 (13.31%) Security Cleared
23 169 (13.15%) CSS
23 169 (13.15%) Docker
24 167 (13.00%) Finance
25 160 (12.45%) XML
26 159 (12.37%) Node.js
27 157 (12.22%) Confluence
28 155 (12.06%) REST

Selenium
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 157 (12.22%) Confluence
2 72 (5.60%) Elasticsearch
3 37 (2.88%) Apache
4 35 (2.72%) Tomcat
5 26 (2.02%) WebLogic
6 24 (1.87%) nginx
7 18 (1.40%) Apache Spark
8 15 (1.17%) WebSphere
9 13 (1.01%) JBoss
10 12 (0.93%) ArcGIS
10 12 (0.93%) IIS
11 10 (0.78%) Oracle SOA Suite
11 10 (0.78%) SharePoint
12 7 (0.54%) Apache Airflow
12 7 (0.54%) Cloud Foundry
13 6 (0.47%) CMS
13 6 (0.47%) Drupal
13 6 (0.47%) SAS
14 5 (0.39%) Adobe Experience Manager
15 4 (0.31%) GemFire
Applications
1 21 (1.63%) Microsoft Excel
2 17 (1.32%) Microsoft Office
3 6 (0.47%) Microsoft Project
4 3 (0.23%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 2 (0.16%) MS Visio
6 1 (0.078%) Zeplin
Business Applications
1 9 (0.70%) Dynamics CRM
2 8 (0.62%) Oracle AML
3 5 (0.39%) Oracle BPM
3 5 (0.39%) Oracle Cash Management
3 5 (0.39%) SAP Hybris
4 4 (0.31%) Maximo
4 4 (0.31%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
5 3 (0.23%) Dynamics NAV
5 3 (0.23%) SAP FI-CA
5 3 (0.23%) SAP PSCD
5 3 (0.23%) Temenos T24
6 2 (0.16%) Magento
6 2 (0.16%) SAP CO
6 2 (0.16%) SAP ERP
6 2 (0.16%) SAP FI
6 2 (0.16%) SAP FI/CO
6 2 (0.16%) Sentinel
6 2 (0.16%) Shopify
7 1 (0.078%) FastStats
7 1 (0.078%) Infor M3
Cloud Services
1 219 (17.04%) Azure
2 136 (10.58%) AWS
3 125 (9.73%) GitHub
4 32 (2.49%) GCP
5 30 (2.33%) Google Analytics
6 25 (1.95%) npm
6 25 (1.95%) Serverless
7 24 (1.87%) BrowserStack
8 20 (1.56%) AWS Lambda
8 20 (1.56%) OpenShift
8 20 (1.56%) PaaS
9 19 (1.48%) SaaS
10 18 (1.40%) Amazon EC2
10 18 (1.40%) BlazeMeter
10 18 (1.40%) Heroku
11 17 (1.32%) Amazon S3
11 17 (1.32%) Cloud Computing
12 14 (1.09%) Sauce Labs
13 12 (0.93%) IaaS
14 10 (0.78%) AWS CloudFormation
Communications & Networking
1 54 (4.20%) HTTP
2 35 (2.72%) SSL
3 34 (2.65%) TCP/IP
4 18 (1.40%) IPv6
5 14 (1.09%) DNS
6 13 (1.01%) Firewall
7 12 (0.93%) DSL
7 12 (0.93%) IPv4
7 12 (0.93%) Wi-Fi
8 10 (0.78%) Internet
9 9 (0.70%) SSH
10 7 (0.54%) Ethernet
11 6 (0.47%) AMQP
11 6 (0.47%) VPN
12 5 (0.39%) Multicast
13 3 (0.23%) HTTPS
13 3 (0.23%) PPP
13 3 (0.23%) PuTTY
13 3 (0.23%) Reverse Proxy
14 2 (0.16%) ATM
Database & Business Intelligence
1 131 (10.19%) SQL Server
2 89 (6.93%) MongoDB
3 80 (6.23%) MySQL
4 54 (4.20%) PostgreSQL
5 49 (3.81%) Relational Database
6 37 (2.88%) NoSQL
7 35 (2.72%) Oracle Database
8 34 (2.65%) Big Data
9 25 (1.95%) SQL Server Integration Services
10 22 (1.71%) SQL Server Reporting Services
11 21 (1.63%) DB2
12 20 (1.56%) Data Warehouse
13 17 (1.32%) Azure SQL Database
14 14 (1.09%) BigQuery
14 14 (1.09%) BusinessObjects
14 14 (1.09%) Oracle Database 12c
15 12 (0.93%) Geospatial Data
15 12 (0.93%) GIS
16 11 (0.86%) Hadoop
16 11 (0.86%) Pentaho
Development Applications
1 526 (40.93%) Cucumber
2 368 (28.64%) Jenkins
3 303 (23.58%) JIRA
4 247 (19.22%) WebDriver
5 239 (18.60%) Git (software)
6 136 (10.58%) JMeter
7 132 (10.27%) SpecFlow
8 126 (9.81%) JUnit
9 116 (9.03%) SoapUI
10 99 (7.70%) Postman
11 86 (6.69%) Gatling
12 85 (6.61%) Maven
13 70 (5.45%) Protractor
14 57 (4.44%) Jasmine
15 54 (4.20%) Visual Studio
16 50 (3.89%) Team Foundation Server
16 50 (3.89%) TeamCity
17 48 (3.74%) Mocha
18 47 (3.66%) NUnit
19 46 (3.58%) Appium
General
1 167 (13.00%) Finance
2 96 (7.47%) Public Sector
3 94 (7.32%) Banking
4 45 (3.50%) Retail
5 19 (1.48%) Telecoms
6 18 (1.40%) Front Office
7 16 (1.25%) Back Office
7 16 (1.25%) Retail Banking
8 13 (1.01%) Manufacturing
9 8 (0.62%) Legal
10 7 (0.54%) Games
10 7 (0.54%) Marketing
11 3 (0.23%) Corporate Banking
11 3 (0.23%) Electronics
11 3 (0.23%) Pharmaceutical
11 3 (0.23%) Publishing
12 2 (0.16%) Advertising
12 2 (0.16%) Investment Banking
12 2 (0.16%) Law
13 1 (0.078%) International Banking
Job Titles
1 367 (28.56%) Developer
2 247 (19.22%) Tester
3 216 (16.81%) Analyst
4 198 (15.41%) Automation Tester
5 192 (14.94%) Test Analyst
6 142 (11.05%) Test Engineer
7 89 (6.93%) Automation Test Analyst
8 86 (6.69%) Java Developer
9 82 (6.38%) QA Engineer
10 80 (6.23%) Test Automation Engineer
11 69 (5.37%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
12 57 (4.44%) Test Leader
13 50 (3.89%) Full Stack Developer
14 49 (3.81%) Developer in Test
15 45 (3.50%) Angular Developer
16 42 (3.27%) JavaScript Developer
16 42 (3.27%) Software Developer
17 39 (3.04%) DevOps Engineer
18 35 (2.72%) .NET Developer
18 35 (2.72%) QA Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 199 (15.49%) .NET
1 199 (15.49%) AngularJS
2 188 (14.63%) HTML
3 169 (13.15%) CSS
4 160 (12.45%) XML
5 159 (12.37%) Node.js
6 155 (12.06%) REST
7 144 (11.21%) JSON
8 136 (10.58%) Web Services
9 135 (10.51%) Gherkin
10 122 (9.49%) SOAP
11 97 (7.55%) HTML5
11 97 (7.55%) RESTful
12 95 (7.39%) React
13 92 (7.16%) Spring
14 46 (3.58%) .NET Framework
15 45 (3.50%) Express
15 45 (3.50%) Hibernate
16 42 (3.27%) Sass
17 37 (2.88%) Play Framework
Miscellaneous
1 62 (4.82%) Analytical Skills
2 46 (3.58%) Mobile App
3 31 (2.41%) Greenfield Project
4 21 (1.63%) User Experience
4 21 (1.63%) Virtual Team
5 15 (1.17%) Self-Motivation
6 9 (0.70%) Cyberthreat
6 9 (0.70%) Linux Command Line
6 9 (0.70%) Mainframe
6 9 (0.70%) Management Information System
7 8 (0.62%) NHS
8 7 (0.54%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
9 6 (0.47%) Client/Server
9 6 (0.47%) iPad
9 6 (0.47%) Public Cloud
9 6 (0.47%) Robotics
10 5 (0.39%) Blog
11 3 (0.23%) EPoS
11 3 (0.23%) PKI
11 3 (0.23%) Smart Meter
Operating Systems
1 134 (10.43%) Linux
2 108 (8.40%) Windows
3 86 (6.69%) Unix
4 28 (2.18%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 21 (1.63%) Android
6 16 (1.25%) Apple iOS
7 15 (1.17%) Ubuntu
8 9 (0.70%) Windows Server
9 5 (0.39%) Windows Server 2012
10 3 (0.23%) Mac OS
10 3 (0.23%) Windows Server 2008
11 2 (0.16%) Mac OS X
12 1 (0.078%) CentOS
12 1 (0.078%) Windows 10
Processes & Methodologies
1 927 (72.14%) Test Automation
2 755 (58.75%) Agile Software Development
3 310 (24.12%) BDD
4 278 (21.63%) Scrum
5 254 (19.77%) DevOps
6 225 (17.51%) Continuous Integration
7 224 (17.43%) TDD
8 177 (13.77%) Test Scripting
9 149 (11.60%) Microservices
10 147 (11.44%) API Testing
11 121 (9.42%) Open Source
12 111 (8.64%) Performance Testing
13 109 (8.48%) Kanban
14 106 (8.25%) Manual Testing
15 96 (7.47%) Problem-Solving
16 92 (7.16%) Test Strategy
17 90 (7.00%) Regression Testing
18 88 (6.85%) SDET
19 87 (6.77%) User Stories
20 85 (6.61%) SDLC
Programming Languages
1 559 (43.50%) Java
2 402 (31.28%) JavaScript
3 348 (27.08%) C#
4 327 (25.45%) SQL
5 142 (11.05%) Python
6 83 (6.46%) Scala
7 67 (5.21%) TypeScript
8 55 (4.28%) Java 8
9 54 (4.20%) Ruby
10 39 (3.04%) PL/SQL
11 38 (2.96%) Groovy
12 33 (2.57%) PowerShell
12 33 (2.57%) T-SQL
13 26 (2.02%) Perl
14 23 (1.79%) C
15 21 (1.63%) PHP
16 19 (1.48%) Shell Script
17 15 (1.17%) Bash Shell
18 13 (1.01%) Go
19 10 (0.78%) C++
Qualifications
1 171 (13.31%) Security Cleared
2 125 (9.73%) ISTQB
3 112 (8.72%) SC Cleared
4 104 (8.09%) ISEB
5 60 (4.67%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
6 31 (2.41%) Degree
7 28 (2.18%) DV Cleared
8 16 (1.25%) BPSS Clearance
9 11 (0.86%) Computer Science Degree
10 5 (0.39%) AWS Certification
10 5 (0.39%) BC Cleared
11 4 (0.31%) CTC Cleared
11 4 (0.31%) ISEB Practitioner
11 4 (0.31%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
11 4 (0.31%) Master's Degree
12 3 (0.23%) DBS Check
13 2 (0.16%) Sun Certification
14 1 (0.078%) CISA
14 1 (0.078%) GIAC
14 1 (0.078%) MBA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 274 (21.32%) QA
2 29 (2.26%) WCAG
3 16 (1.25%) MiFID
4 6 (0.47%) GDPR
5 3 (0.23%) Data Quality
6 2 (0.16%) ISO 20022
7 1 (0.078%) Disclosure Scotland
7 1 (0.078%) ISO 8583
7 1 (0.078%) ISO 9001
7 1 (0.078%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 1 (0.078%) NIST
7 1 (0.078%) PMO
7 1 (0.078%) PSD2
7 1 (0.078%) SEPA
7 1 (0.078%) SLA
System Software
1 169 (13.15%) Docker
2 13 (1.01%) vSphere
3 12 (0.93%) VMware Infrastructure
4 10 (0.78%) HDFS
5 5 (0.39%) Active Directory
5 5 (0.39%) Virtual Machines
6 4 (0.31%) RACF
7 2 (0.16%) Hyper-V
8 1 (0.078%) LXC
Systems Management
1 94 (7.32%) Kubernetes
2 76 (5.91%) Ansible
3 72 (5.60%) Terraform
4 43 (3.35%) Kibana
5 33 (2.57%) Puppet
6 31 (2.41%) Grafana
7 18 (1.40%) Opscode Chef
8 17 (1.32%) HP ALM
9 9 (0.70%) Consul
10 8 (0.62%) HP Quality Center
11 7 (0.54%) Nagios
12 5 (0.39%) NetIQ Identity Manager
12 5 (0.39%) Oracle Identity Manager
13 4 (0.31%) Single Sign-On
14 3 (0.23%) Istio
14 3 (0.23%) logstash
14 3 (0.23%) Packer
14 3 (0.23%) Rundeck
14 3 (0.23%) ZABBIX
15 2 (0.16%) Nessus
Vendors
1 151 (11.75%) Microsoft
2 150 (11.67%) Oracle
3 71 (5.53%) Google
4 32 (2.49%) Atlassian
5 26 (2.02%) VMware
6 25 (1.95%) HP
6 25 (1.95%) SAP
7 23 (1.79%) Red Hat
8 17 (1.32%) IBM
8 17 (1.32%) webMethods
9 16 (1.25%) Splunk
10 15 (1.17%) New Relic
11 14 (1.09%) hybris
12 12 (0.93%) ESRI
12 12 (0.93%) Salesforce.com
13 11 (0.86%) ServiceNow
14 9 (0.70%) Adobe
15 8 (0.62%) AppDynamics
15 8 (0.62%) ForgeRock
15 8 (0.62%) NetIQ