Period
to 28 March 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Selenium skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Selenium over the 6 months to 28 March 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Selenium
UK
6 months to
28 Mar 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 141 95 108
Rank change year-on-year -46 +13 -9
Contract jobs citing Selenium 1,144 2,501 2,407
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 1.81% 2.59% 2.37%
As % of the Development Applications category 10.41% 12.37% 12.44%
Number of daily rates quoted 776 1,686 1,658
Median daily rate £425 £440 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -3.41% +3.53% +6.25%
10th Percentile £313 £313 £306
90th Percentile £575 £564 £575
UK excluding London median daily rate £420 £408 £400
% change year-on-year +3.07% +1.88% +6.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 11 9 12
Median hourly rate £35.00 £36.00 £48.75
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -2.78% -26.15% -2.50%
UK excluding London median hourly rate £35.00 £34.50 £47.50
% change year-on-year +1.45% -27.37% -5.00%

Selenium is in the Development Applications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for development application skills.

All Development Application Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for development application skills 10,986 20,225 19,351
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 17.42% 20.91% 19.07%
Number of daily rates quoted 7,151 13,746 13,478
Median daily rate £488 £480 £470
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +1.56% +2.13% +10.59%
10th Percentile £331 £326 £313
90th Percentile £650 £638 £613
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £450 £425
% change year-on-year - +5.88% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 208 283 224
Median hourly rate £42.75 £43.00 £44.55
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -0.58% -3.47% +8.65%
10th Percentile £18.25 £26.20 £29.00
90th Percentile £63.23 £54.75 £67.25
Median hourly rate £38.00 £43.50 £43.50
% change year-on-year -12.64% - +6.10%

Selenium
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Selenium as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Selenium in the UK

Selenium
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Selenium.

Daily rate trend for Selenium in the UK

Selenium
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Selenium over the 6 months to 28 March 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Selenium in the UK

Selenium
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Selenium.

Hourly rate trend for Selenium in the UK

Selenium
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Selenium over the 6 months to 28 March 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for Selenium in the UK

Selenium
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Selenium within the UK over the 6 months to 28 March 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -49 1,015 £438 -2.78% 312
UK excluding London -34 688 £420 +3.07% 276
London -51 428 £450 -3.74% 87
South East -6 214 £440 +3.53% 75
North of England -51 135 £400 +2.04% 79
South West -12 107 £463 +8.92% 39
Scotland +1 74 £375 -6.25% 23
Midlands -38 71 £381 -4.69% 24
North West -35 59 £400 -5.88% 47
East of England +13 56 £390 +12.72% 8
Yorkshire +28 44 £375 +7.14% 28
West Midlands -38 41 £394 -3.37% 15
Work from Home +30 32 £450 - 27
North East -25 32 £444 +23.26% 4
Wales +27 31 £425 - 27
East Midlands +9 30 £375 -1.96% 9

For the 6 months to 28 March 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Selenium also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Selenium.

1 844 (73.78%) Test Automation
2 677 (59.18%) Agile Software Development
3 504 (44.06%) Java
4 444 (38.81%) Cucumber
5 316 (27.62%) JavaScript
6 314 (27.45%) Jenkins
7 304 (26.57%) C#
8 295 (25.79%) JIRA
9 283 (24.74%) SQL
10 278 (24.30%) BDD
11 260 (22.73%) Scrum
12 254 (22.20%) DevOps
13 251 (21.94%) QA
14 212 (18.53%) WebDriver
15 211 (18.44%) TDD
15 211 (18.44%) Git (software)
16 207 (18.09%) Azure
17 190 (16.61%) Continuous Integration
18 176 (15.38%) HTML
19 172 (15.03%) Test Scripting
20 171 (14.95%) .NET
21 163 (14.25%) Security Cleared
22 160 (13.99%) AngularJS
23 152 (13.29%) CSS
24 151 (13.20%) Docker
25 150 (13.11%) REST
25 150 (13.11%) API Testing
25 150 (13.11%) Finance
26 139 (12.15%) Microsoft
27 138 (12.06%) Confluence

Selenium
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 138 (12.06%) Confluence
2 69 (6.03%) Elasticsearch
3 29 (2.53%) Apache
4 25 (2.19%) WebLogic
5 24 (2.10%) Tomcat
6 21 (1.84%) nginx
7 20 (1.75%) Apache Spark
8 17 (1.49%) WebSphere
9 14 (1.22%) IIS
9 14 (1.22%) JBoss
10 11 (0.96%) SharePoint
11 7 (0.61%) ArcGIS
11 7 (0.61%) SAS
12 6 (0.52%) Cloud Foundry
12 6 (0.52%) Oracle SOA Suite
13 5 (0.44%) CMS
13 5 (0.44%) GemFire
14 4 (0.35%) Adobe Experience Manager
15 3 (0.26%) Apache Airflow
15 3 (0.26%) Drupal
Applications
1 22 (1.92%) Microsoft Office
2 13 (1.14%) Microsoft Excel
3 6 (0.52%) Microsoft Project
4 3 (0.26%) InVision
4 3 (0.26%) Sketch
5 2 (0.17%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 1 (0.087%) MS Visio
6 1 (0.087%) Zeplin
Business Applications
1 9 (0.79%) Dynamics CRM
2 8 (0.70%) Oracle AML
3 6 (0.52%) SAP Hybris
4 5 (0.44%) Maximo
4 5 (0.44%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
5 3 (0.26%) Oracle Cash Management
5 3 (0.26%) SAP FI-CA
5 3 (0.26%) SAP PSCD
6 2 (0.17%) SAP CO
6 2 (0.17%) SAP ERP
6 2 (0.17%) SAP FI
6 2 (0.17%) SAP FI/CO
6 2 (0.17%) Shopify
7 1 (0.087%) Endur
7 1 (0.087%) FastStats
7 1 (0.087%) Magento
7 1 (0.087%) Oracle BPM
7 1 (0.087%) Salesforce.com CRM
7 1 (0.087%) SAP Business ByDesign
Cloud Services
1 207 (18.09%) Azure
2 127 (11.10%) AWS
3 91 (7.95%) GitHub
4 29 (2.53%) GCP
5 22 (1.92%) BrowserStack
5 22 (1.92%) Google Analytics
5 22 (1.92%) npm
6 19 (1.66%) Serverless
7 17 (1.49%) SaaS
8 15 (1.31%) Amazon S3
8 15 (1.31%) AWS Lambda
8 15 (1.31%) Heroku
8 15 (1.31%) OpenShift
8 15 (1.31%) Sauce Labs
9 13 (1.14%) BlazeMeter
10 12 (1.05%) Cloud Computing
10 12 (1.05%) Slack
11 11 (0.96%) PaaS
12 10 (0.87%) Amazon EC2
13 9 (0.79%) AWS CloudFormation
Communications & Networking
1 44 (3.85%) HTTP
2 28 (2.45%) SSL
3 27 (2.36%) TCP/IP
4 16 (1.40%) IPv6
5 14 (1.22%) DNS
6 13 (1.14%) DSL
7 12 (1.05%) Firewall
8 10 (0.87%) IPv4
8 10 (0.87%) Wi-Fi
9 9 (0.79%) Internet
10 7 (0.61%) Ethernet
11 6 (0.52%) AMQP
11 6 (0.52%) SSH
12 4 (0.35%) VPN
13 3 (0.26%) HTTPS
13 3 (0.26%) Multicast
13 3 (0.26%) PuTTY
13 3 (0.26%) Reverse Proxy
14 2 (0.17%) tcpdump
14 2 (0.17%) WinSCP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 115 (10.05%) SQL Server
2 79 (6.91%) MongoDB
3 76 (6.64%) MySQL
4 50 (4.37%) PostgreSQL
5 31 (2.71%) NoSQL
6 29 (2.53%) Big Data
7 26 (2.27%) Relational Database
8 25 (2.19%) Oracle Database
9 20 (1.75%) DB2
10 17 (1.49%) Azure SQL Database
11 14 (1.22%) Oracle Database 12c
12 13 (1.14%) Data Warehouse
13 12 (1.05%) Apache Cassandra
13 12 (1.05%) BusinessObjects
13 12 (1.05%) MariaDB
14 11 (0.96%) Hadoop
15 10 (0.87%) BigQuery
15 10 (0.87%) Pentaho
15 10 (0.87%) SQL Server 2012
16 9 (0.79%) Amazon RDS
Development Applications
1 444 (38.81%) Cucumber
2 314 (27.45%) Jenkins
3 295 (25.79%) JIRA
4 212 (18.53%) WebDriver
5 211 (18.44%) Git (software)
6 131 (11.45%) SoapUI
7 119 (10.40%) SpecFlow
8 116 (10.14%) JMeter
9 109 (9.53%) JUnit
10 105 (9.18%) Postman
11 77 (6.73%) Maven
12 66 (5.77%) Protractor
13 60 (5.24%) Gatling
14 58 (5.07%) Jasmine
15 57 (4.98%) Team Foundation Server
16 54 (4.72%) Visual Studio
17 44 (3.85%) Mocha
17 44 (3.85%) Visual Studio Team System
18 41 (3.58%) Eclipse
19 39 (3.41%) NUnit
General
1 150 (13.11%) Finance
2 92 (8.04%) Public Sector
3 69 (6.03%) Banking
4 35 (3.06%) Retail
5 20 (1.75%) Telecoms
6 16 (1.40%) Retail Banking
7 12 (1.05%) Manufacturing
8 9 (0.79%) Marketing
9 6 (0.52%) Games
9 6 (0.52%) Police
10 5 (0.44%) Electronics
10 5 (0.44%) Front Office
11 4 (0.35%) Legal
12 3 (0.26%) Corporate Banking
12 3 (0.26%) Pharmaceutical
12 3 (0.26%) Publishing
13 2 (0.17%) Advertising
13 2 (0.17%) Back Office
13 2 (0.17%) Investment Banking
14 1 (0.087%) Automotive
Job Titles
1 295 (25.79%) Developer
2 239 (20.89%) Tester
3 196 (17.13%) Analyst
4 184 (16.08%) Automation Tester
5 166 (14.51%) Test Analyst
6 124 (10.84%) Test Engineer
7 74 (6.47%) QA Engineer
7 74 (6.47%) Test Automation Engineer
8 70 (6.12%) Automation Test Analyst
9 64 (5.59%) Java Developer
10 61 (5.33%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
11 52 (4.55%) Test Leader
12 47 (4.11%) Full Stack Developer
13 42 (3.67%) Developer in Test
14 36 (3.15%) Angular Developer
14 36 (3.15%) React Developer
15 35 (3.06%) Software Developer
16 33 (2.88%) JavaScript Developer
17 31 (2.71%) DevOps Engineer
18 30 (2.62%) Software Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 176 (15.38%) HTML
2 171 (14.95%) .NET
3 160 (13.99%) AngularJS
4 152 (13.29%) CSS
5 150 (13.11%) REST
6 134 (11.71%) Node.js
6 134 (11.71%) XML
7 128 (11.19%) SOAP
8 123 (10.75%) Web Services
9 118 (10.31%) Gherkin
10 105 (9.18%) JSON
11 96 (8.39%) HTML5
12 86 (7.52%) RESTful
13 81 (7.08%) React
13 81 (7.08%) Spring
14 42 (3.67%) Hibernate
15 35 (3.06%) Sass
16 33 (2.88%) ASP.NET
16 33 (2.88%) Express
17 30 (2.62%) Play Framework
Miscellaneous
1 67 (5.86%) Analytical Skills
2 48 (4.20%) Mobile App
3 33 (2.88%) User Experience
4 32 (2.80%) Greenfield Project
5 13 (1.14%) Virtual Team
6 12 (1.05%) Linux Command Line
6 12 (1.05%) Mainframe
7 11 (0.96%) SCORM
7 11 (0.96%) W3C
8 9 (0.79%) Self-Motivation
9 7 (0.61%) Cyberthreat
9 7 (0.61%) Management Information System
9 7 (0.61%) NHS
10 6 (0.52%) Robotics
11 5 (0.44%) Client/Server
11 5 (0.44%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
12 3 (0.26%) Fixed Income
12 3 (0.26%) Public Cloud
12 3 (0.26%) Replication
12 3 (0.26%) Smart Meter
Operating Systems
1 129 (11.28%) Linux
2 93 (8.13%) Windows
3 75 (6.56%) Unix
4 33 (2.88%) Android
5 30 (2.62%) Apple iOS
6 28 (2.45%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 11 (0.96%) Ubuntu
8 7 (0.61%) Windows Server
9 6 (0.52%) Windows Server 2012
10 5 (0.44%) Windows Server 2016
11 4 (0.35%) Windows Server 2008
12 3 (0.26%) Mac OS
13 2 (0.17%) Mac OS X
13 2 (0.17%) Solaris
14 1 (0.087%) CentOS
14 1 (0.087%) Windows 10
Processes & Methodologies
1 844 (73.78%) Test Automation
2 677 (59.18%) Agile Software Development
3 278 (24.30%) BDD
4 260 (22.73%) Scrum
5 254 (22.20%) DevOps
6 211 (18.44%) TDD
7 190 (16.61%) Continuous Integration
8 172 (15.03%) Test Scripting
9 150 (13.11%) API Testing
10 135 (11.80%) Microservices
11 99 (8.65%) Kanban
12 98 (8.57%) Open Source
13 97 (8.48%) Manual Testing
14 93 (8.13%) Problem-Solving
14 93 (8.13%) Test Strategy
15 91 (7.95%) Performance Testing
16 85 (7.43%) SDLC
17 77 (6.73%) SDET
18 76 (6.64%) Regression Testing
19 73 (6.38%) Scenario Testing
Programming Languages
1 504 (44.06%) Java
2 316 (27.62%) JavaScript
3 304 (26.57%) C#
4 283 (24.74%) SQL
5 121 (10.58%) Python
6 72 (6.29%) Scala
7 65 (5.68%) TypeScript
8 49 (4.28%) Java 8
9 47 (4.11%) Ruby
10 43 (3.76%) Groovy
11 36 (3.15%) PowerShell
12 26 (2.27%) T-SQL
13 24 (2.10%) PHP
13 24 (2.10%) PL/SQL
14 22 (1.92%) C
15 19 (1.66%) Perl
16 18 (1.57%) Shell Script
17 16 (1.40%) Go
18 9 (0.79%) C++
18 9 (0.79%) R
Qualifications
1 163 (14.25%) Security Cleared
2 118 (10.31%) ISTQB
3 112 (9.79%) SC Cleared
4 89 (7.78%) ISEB
5 57 (4.98%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
6 24 (2.10%) Degree
7 21 (1.84%) DV Cleared
8 15 (1.31%) BPSS Clearance
9 11 (0.96%) Computer Science Degree
10 7 (0.61%) CTC Cleared
11 6 (0.52%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
12 5 (0.44%) AWS Certification
13 4 (0.35%) DBS Check
13 4 (0.35%) ISEB Practitioner
14 3 (0.26%) Master's Degree
15 2 (0.17%) Sun Certification
16 1 (0.087%) CEH
16 1 (0.087%) CISA
16 1 (0.087%) GIAC
16 1 (0.087%) MBA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 251 (21.94%) QA
2 35 (3.06%) WCAG
3 3 (0.26%) GDPR
4 2 (0.17%) Data Quality
4 2 (0.17%) ISO 20022
5 1 (0.087%) Disclosure Scotland
5 1 (0.087%) ISO 8583
5 1 (0.087%) ISO 9001
5 1 (0.087%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 1 (0.087%) NIST
5 1 (0.087%) PMO
5 1 (0.087%) PSD2
5 1 (0.087%) SEPA
5 1 (0.087%) SLA
System Software
1 151 (13.20%) Docker
2 11 (0.96%) HDFS
3 8 (0.70%) Active Directory
4 6 (0.52%) RACF
5 5 (0.44%) vSphere
6 3 (0.26%) VMware Infrastructure
7 2 (0.17%) Hyper-V
8 1 (0.087%) LXC
8 1 (0.087%) Virtual Machines
Systems Management
1 76 (6.64%) Kubernetes
2 70 (6.12%) Terraform
3 65 (5.68%) Ansible
4 30 (2.62%) Kibana
5 26 (2.27%) Puppet
6 23 (2.01%) Grafana
7 19 (1.66%) Opscode Chef
8 15 (1.31%) HP ALM
9 8 (0.70%) Consul
9 8 (0.70%) HP Quality Center
10 3 (0.26%) Nagios
10 3 (0.26%) Packer
10 3 (0.26%) Rundeck
10 3 (0.26%) ZABBIX
11 2 (0.17%) HAProxy
11 2 (0.17%) Istio
11 2 (0.17%) Nessus
11 2 (0.17%) OpenNebula
11 2 (0.17%) Single Sign-On
12 1 (0.087%) Netcool
Vendors
1 139 (12.15%) Microsoft
2 114 (9.97%) Oracle
3 53 (4.63%) Google
4 32 (2.80%) SAP
5 27 (2.36%) Atlassian
6 22 (1.92%) HP
6 22 (1.92%) Red Hat
7 16 (1.40%) IBM
7 16 (1.40%) VMware
8 14 (1.22%) webMethods
9 13 (1.14%) Splunk
10 12 (1.05%) hybris
11 11 (0.96%) New Relic
12 9 (0.79%) ServiceNow
13 8 (0.70%) Salesforce.com
14 7 (0.61%) Dell
14 7 (0.61%) ESRI
15 6 (0.52%) Adobe
15 6 (0.52%) AppDynamics
15 6 (0.52%) Talend