Period
to 5 December 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Selenium skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Selenium over the 6 months to 5 December 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Selenium
UK
6 months to
5 Dec 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 137 84 124
Rank change year-on-year -53 +40 +5
Contract jobs citing Selenium 1,580 3,108 2,129
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 1.93% 2.97% 2.06%
As % of the Development Applications category 11.35% 13.93% 11.07%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,068 2,090 1,434
UK median daily rate £450 £438 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.86% +2.94% +3.66%
10th Percentile £313 £313 £300
90th Percentile £575 £575 £563
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £400 £380
% change year-on-year +6.25% +5.26% -1.94%
Number of hourly rates quoted 7 8 7
UK median hourly rate £35.00 £35.50 £47.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -1.41% -25.26% -8.65%
10th Percentile £30.60 £19.75 £26.95
90th Percentile £61.00 £39.00 £54.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £35.00 £27.50 £47.50
% change year-on-year +27.27% -42.11% -8.65%

Selenium is in the Development Applications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for development application skills.

All Development Application Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for development application skills 13,916 22,315 19,238
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 17.00% 21.33% 18.62%
Number of daily rates quoted 9,099 15,342 13,429
UK median daily rate £475 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.56% +5.88%
10th Percentile £325 £325 £313
90th Percentile £638 £625 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £425 £413
% change year-on-year +5.88% +3.03% +3.13%
Number of hourly rates quoted 250 228 275
UK median hourly rate £43.93 £43.00 £42.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +2.17% +1.18% +3.66%
10th Percentile £18.32 £30.00 £29.00
90th Percentile £65.25 £53.75 £60.60
UK excluding London median hourly rate £42.50 £43.00 £42.50
% change year-on-year -1.16% +1.18% +3.66%

Selenium
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Selenium as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Selenium in the UK

Selenium
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Selenium.

Contractor daily rate trend for Selenium in the UK

Selenium
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Selenium over the 6 months to 5 December 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Selenium in the UK

Selenium
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Selenium.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Selenium in the UK

Selenium
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Selenium over the 6 months to 5 December 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Selenium in the UK

Selenium
Top 15 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Selenium within the UK over the 6 months to 5 December 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -49 1,464 £450 - 428
UK excluding London -31 970 £425 +6.25% 348
London -73 581 £475 - 114
South East +5 325 £450 +9.76% 76
North of England -17 238 £388 -4.32% 116
South West -11 167 £450 +10.77% 48
Yorkshire +14 113 £375 - 48
Midlands -55 89 £400 -1.23% 46
North West -81 64 £450 +5.88% 57
East of England -7 63 £431 +12.01% 29
North East +27 61 £350 -10.03% 11
Scotland -32 53 £375 +2.74% 24
West Midlands -65 52 £413 +1.23% 27
East Midlands -6 36 £400 - 19
Wales -7 36 £350 -2.78% 7

For the 6 months to 5 December 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Selenium also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Selenium.

1 1,194 (75.57%) Test Automation
2 999 (63.23%) Agile Software Development
3 682 (43.16%) Cucumber
4 678 (42.91%) Java
5 482 (30.51%) Jenkins
6 478 (30.25%) JavaScript
7 446 (28.23%) C#
8 436 (27.59%) BDD
9 416 (26.33%) QA
10 392 (24.81%) SQL
11 380 (24.05%) Scrum
12 361 (22.85%) JIRA
13 333 (21.08%) DevOps
14 327 (20.70%) TDD
15 309 (19.56%) Git (software)
16 306 (19.37%) WebDriver
17 288 (18.23%) Continuous Integration
18 258 (16.33%) Azure
19 244 (15.44%) HTML
20 222 (14.05%) .NET
21 218 (13.80%) Finance
22 216 (13.67%) CSS
23 206 (13.04%) Web Services
24 203 (12.85%) Gherkin
25 200 (12.66%) Node.js
25 200 (12.66%) Confluence
25 200 (12.66%) JMeter
26 199 (12.59%) AngularJS
27 197 (12.47%) AWS
28 192 (12.15%) Security Cleared

Selenium
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 200 (12.66%) Confluence
2 49 (3.10%) Tomcat
3 48 (3.04%) Apache
4 46 (2.91%) Elasticsearch
5 33 (2.09%) WebLogic
6 27 (1.71%) JBoss
6 27 (1.71%) nginx
7 23 (1.46%) SharePoint
8 18 (1.14%) Cloud Foundry
8 18 (1.14%) Drupal
9 17 (1.08%) WebSphere
10 16 (1.01%) Apache Spark
10 16 (1.01%) IIS
11 15 (0.95%) Oracle SOA Suite
12 13 (0.82%) Mule
13 11 (0.70%) Jetty
14 10 (0.63%) CMS
15 7 (0.44%) Apache Airflow
15 7 (0.44%) Magnolia
16 6 (0.38%) ArcGIS
Applications
1 21 (1.33%) Microsoft Excel
2 10 (0.63%) Microsoft Office
3 7 (0.44%) Microsoft Project
4 3 (0.19%) MS Visio
5 1 (0.063%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 1 (0.063%) Zeplin
Business Applications
1 17 (1.08%) Dynamics CRM
2 11 (0.70%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
3 8 (0.51%) Oracle AML
4 5 (0.32%) Oracle Cash Management
5 4 (0.25%) Oracle BPM
5 4 (0.25%) Salesforce.com CRM
5 4 (0.25%) Temenos T24
6 3 (0.19%) Dynamics AX
6 3 (0.19%) Dynamics NAV
6 3 (0.19%) Magento
6 3 (0.19%) SAP ERP
7 2 (0.13%) SAP HR
7 2 (0.13%) SAP Hybris
7 2 (0.13%) SAP Oil and Gas
7 2 (0.13%) Sentinel
7 2 (0.13%) Shopify
8 1 (0.063%) FastStats
8 1 (0.063%) Infor M3
8 1 (0.063%) SAP IS-U
8 1 (0.063%) Visualfiles
Cloud Services
1 258 (16.33%) Azure
2 197 (12.47%) AWS
3 175 (11.08%) GitHub
4 60 (3.80%) BrowserStack
5 37 (2.34%) GCP
6 36 (2.28%) Google Analytics
7 34 (2.15%) Sauce Labs
8 28 (1.77%) Heroku
9 26 (1.65%) PaaS
9 26 (1.65%) Serverless
10 24 (1.52%) AWS Lambda
11 21 (1.33%) npm
12 19 (1.20%) Amazon EC2
13 18 (1.14%) BlazeMeter
13 18 (1.14%) SaaS
14 17 (1.08%) Dynamics 365
15 15 (0.95%) AWS CloudFormation
15 15 (0.95%) OpenShift
16 14 (0.89%) IaaS
16 14 (0.89%) Slack
Communications & Networking
1 61 (3.86%) HTTP
2 41 (2.59%) SSL
2 41 (2.59%) TCP/IP
3 17 (1.08%) Firewall
4 14 (0.89%) SSH
5 9 (0.57%) Internet
6 7 (0.44%) DSL
7 6 (0.38%) IPv6
8 5 (0.32%) ATM
8 5 (0.32%) DNS
8 5 (0.32%) Wi-Fi
9 4 (0.25%) IPv4
9 4 (0.25%) PuTTY
9 4 (0.25%) VPN
10 3 (0.19%) AMQP
10 3 (0.19%) PPP
10 3 (0.19%) WinSCP
11 2 (0.13%) 802.15
11 2 (0.13%) Ethernet
11 2 (0.13%) VoIP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 161 (10.19%) SQL Server
2 92 (5.82%) MongoDB
3 72 (4.56%) Relational Database
4 64 (4.05%) MySQL
5 60 (3.80%) PostgreSQL
6 50 (3.16%) Big Data
7 42 (2.66%) NoSQL
7 42 (2.66%) Oracle Database
8 26 (1.65%) Data Warehouse
8 26 (1.65%) SQL Server Integration Services
9 20 (1.27%) SQL Server Reporting Services
10 19 (1.20%) DB2
11 16 (1.01%) Redis
12 14 (0.89%) BusinessObjects
12 14 (0.89%) Oracle Database 12c
13 12 (0.76%) SQL Server 2012
14 11 (0.70%) Amazon RDS
14 11 (0.70%) Hadoop
14 11 (0.70%) Oracle Database 10g
15 10 (0.63%) Pentaho
Development Applications
1 682 (43.16%) Cucumber
2 482 (30.51%) Jenkins
3 361 (22.85%) JIRA
4 309 (19.56%) Git (software)
5 306 (19.37%) WebDriver
6 200 (12.66%) JMeter
7 175 (11.08%) SpecFlow
8 161 (10.19%) JUnit
9 143 (9.05%) Maven
10 135 (8.54%) SoapUI
11 124 (7.85%) Gatling
12 88 (5.57%) Visual Studio
13 77 (4.87%) TeamCity
14 71 (4.49%) Appium
15 70 (4.43%) Team Foundation Server
16 67 (4.24%) Visual Studio Team System
17 59 (3.73%) Eclipse
18 57 (3.61%) Bitbucket
19 52 (3.29%) Ant
19 52 (3.29%) Sonatype Nexus
General
1 218 (13.80%) Finance
2 110 (6.96%) Banking
3 98 (6.20%) Public Sector
4 69 (4.37%) Retail
5 27 (1.71%) Front Office
5 27 (1.71%) Telecoms
6 22 (1.39%) Legal
7 19 (1.20%) Manufacturing
8 17 (1.08%) Retail Banking
9 16 (1.01%) Back Office
10 13 (0.82%) Law
10 13 (0.82%) Marketing
11 8 (0.51%) Games
12 7 (0.44%) Investment Banking
13 6 (0.38%) Electronics
13 6 (0.38%) Financial Institution
13 6 (0.38%) Police
14 2 (0.13%) Aerospace
14 2 (0.13%) Automotive
14 2 (0.13%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 409 (25.89%) Developer
2 307 (19.43%) Tester
3 256 (16.20%) Analyst
4 234 (14.81%) Test Analyst
5 223 (14.11%) Automation Tester
6 218 (13.80%) Test Engineer
7 116 (7.34%) Test Automation Engineer
8 114 (7.22%) Automation Test Analyst
9 99 (6.27%) Java Developer
10 96 (6.08%) QA Engineer
11 81 (5.13%) Test Leader
12 66 (4.18%) Developer in Test
13 58 (3.67%) DevOps Engineer
14 53 (3.35%) QA Tester
15 51 (3.23%) Full Stack Developer
16 50 (3.16%) Software Developer
17 49 (3.10%) QA Analyst
18 46 (2.91%) Automation Engineer
19 43 (2.72%) JavaScript Developer
20 42 (2.66%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 244 (15.44%) HTML
2 222 (14.05%) .NET
3 216 (13.67%) CSS
4 206 (13.04%) Web Services
5 203 (12.85%) Gherkin
6 200 (12.66%) Node.js
7 199 (12.59%) AngularJS
8 174 (11.01%) JSON
8 174 (11.01%) XML
9 167 (10.57%) RESTful
10 159 (10.06%) REST
11 152 (9.62%) SOAP
12 133 (8.42%) Spring
13 119 (7.53%) HTML5
14 113 (7.15%) React
15 71 (4.49%) Hibernate
16 61 (3.86%) Redux
17 60 (3.80%) jQuery
18 56 (3.54%) CSS3
19 55 (3.48%) Spring Boot
Miscellaneous
1 58 (3.67%) Mobile App
2 55 (3.48%) Analytical Skills
3 46 (2.91%) User Experience
4 35 (2.22%) Greenfield Project
5 22 (1.39%) Virtual Team
6 17 (1.08%) EPoS
6 17 (1.08%) Self-Motivation
7 16 (1.01%) Blog
7 16 (1.01%) Public Cloud
8 13 (0.82%) Enterprise Software
9 10 (0.63%) Derivative
10 9 (0.57%) Client/Server
10 9 (0.57%) Cyberthreat
11 8 (0.51%) Management Information System
12 7 (0.44%) iPad
12 7 (0.44%) NHS
13 6 (0.38%) Digital Media
13 6 (0.38%) Mainframe
14 5 (0.32%) Data Structures
14 5 (0.32%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
Operating Systems
1 128 (8.10%) Linux
2 120 (7.59%) Windows
3 93 (5.89%) Unix
4 48 (3.04%) Android
5 45 (2.85%) Apple iOS
6 32 (2.03%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 29 (1.84%) Ubuntu
8 12 (0.76%) Mac OS
9 10 (0.63%) Windows Server
10 8 (0.51%) CentOS
11 5 (0.32%) Windows Server 2012
12 4 (0.25%) Debian
12 4 (0.25%) Mac OS X
13 2 (0.13%) Solaris
13 2 (0.13%) Windows 10
13 2 (0.13%) Windows Server 2008
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,194 (75.57%) Test Automation
2 999 (63.23%) Agile Software Development
3 436 (27.59%) BDD
4 380 (24.05%) Scrum
5 333 (21.08%) DevOps
6 327 (20.70%) TDD
7 288 (18.23%) Continuous Integration
8 190 (12.03%) Test Scripting
9 188 (11.90%) API Testing
10 183 (11.58%) Microservices
11 173 (10.95%) Kanban
12 166 (10.51%) Performance Testing
13 157 (9.94%) Regression Testing
14 148 (9.37%) Test Strategy
15 134 (8.48%) SDET
16 125 (7.91%) Manual Testing
17 123 (7.78%) Open Source
18 122 (7.72%) SDLC
19 115 (7.28%) User Stories
20 112 (7.09%) Problem-Solving
Programming Languages
1 678 (42.91%) Java
2 478 (30.25%) JavaScript
3 446 (28.23%) C#
4 392 (24.81%) SQL
5 179 (11.33%) Python
6 84 (5.32%) Scala
7 69 (4.37%) Ruby
8 53 (3.35%) Java 8
9 49 (3.10%) Groovy
10 48 (3.04%) TypeScript
11 46 (2.91%) PL/SQL
12 38 (2.41%) T-SQL
13 37 (2.34%) Bash Shell
14 35 (2.22%) Perl
15 32 (2.03%) ES6
16 28 (1.77%) PHP
17 27 (1.71%) C
17 27 (1.71%) PowerShell
18 16 (1.01%) Shell Script
19 13 (0.82%) Haskell
Qualifications
1 192 (12.15%) Security Cleared
2 157 (9.94%) ISTQB
3 130 (8.23%) ISEB
4 120 (7.59%) SC Cleared
5 60 (3.80%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
6 51 (3.23%) Degree
7 37 (2.34%) DV Cleared
8 15 (0.95%) BPSS Clearance
8 15 (0.95%) Computer Science Degree
9 9 (0.57%) AWS Certification
10 8 (0.51%) DBS Check
10 8 (0.51%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
11 5 (0.32%) BC Cleared
11 5 (0.32%) ISEB Practitioner
12 2 (0.13%) Sun Certification
13 1 (0.063%) CEH
13 1 (0.063%) CISA
13 1 (0.063%) GIAC
13 1 (0.063%) ITIL Certification
13 1 (0.063%) OSCP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 416 (26.33%) QA
2 28 (1.77%) WCAG
3 17 (1.08%) MiFID
4 9 (0.57%) GDPR
5 6 (0.38%) Data Quality
6 1 (0.063%) Disclosure Scotland
6 1 (0.063%) ISO 20022
6 1 (0.063%) ISO 8583
6 1 (0.063%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 1 (0.063%) NIST
6 1 (0.063%) PMO
System Software
1 180 (11.39%) Docker
2 14 (0.89%) VMware Infrastructure
3 13 (0.82%) vSphere
4 5 (0.32%) Virtual Machines
5 4 (0.25%) HDFS
6 3 (0.19%) KVM
6 3 (0.19%) oVirt
7 2 (0.13%) Active Directory
8 1 (0.063%) Hyper-V
8 1 (0.063%) LXC
Systems Management
1 106 (6.71%) Kubernetes
2 75 (4.75%) Ansible
3 56 (3.54%) Terraform
4 55 (3.48%) Kibana
5 46 (2.91%) Puppet
6 38 (2.41%) Grafana
7 31 (1.96%) HP Quality Center
8 24 (1.52%) Opscode Chef
9 16 (1.01%) HP ALM
10 13 (0.82%) Consul
11 7 (0.44%) logstash
11 7 (0.44%) Nagios
12 5 (0.32%) NetIQ Identity Manager
12 5 (0.32%) Oracle Identity Manager
12 5 (0.32%) Salt
13 4 (0.25%) ZABBIX
14 3 (0.19%) Graphite
14 3 (0.19%) Istio
14 3 (0.19%) Pingdom
15 2 (0.13%) Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 191 (12.09%) Microsoft
2 167 (10.57%) Oracle
3 82 (5.19%) Google
4 40 (2.53%) Atlassian
5 35 (2.22%) Splunk
6 29 (1.84%) HP
7 27 (1.71%) Cypress Semiconductor
7 27 (1.71%) VMware
8 25 (1.58%) SAP
9 24 (1.52%) Red Hat
10 22 (1.39%) IBM
11 21 (1.33%) webMethods
12 20 (1.27%) Adobe
12 20 (1.27%) Salesforce.com
13 16 (1.01%) AppDynamics
14 14 (0.89%) hybris
15 12 (0.76%) Sparx
16 11 (0.70%) F5
17 10 (0.63%) NetIQ
17 10 (0.63%) New Relic