Period
to 21 April 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Selenium skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Selenium over the 6 months to 21 April 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Selenium
UK
6 months to
21 Apr 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 104 98 153
Rank change year-on-year -6 +55 +25
Contract jobs citing Selenium 2,429 2,191 1,752
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 2.40% 2.38% 1.64%
As % of the Development Applications category 12.46% 14.23% 11.14%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,648 1,368 1,202
UK median daily rate £425 £401 £375
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +6.05% +6.87% -
10th Percentile £306 £275 £275
90th Percentile £575 £525 £525
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £363 £350
% change year-on-year +10.34% +3.57% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 12 13 20
UK median hourly rate £50.00 £50.00 £46.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - +8.70% +2.22%
10th Percentile £14.24 £41.25 £26.78
90th Percentile £69.00 £74.34 £60.90
UK excluding London median hourly rate £47.50 £50.00 £44.25
% change year-on-year -5.00% +12.99% +18.00%

Selenium is in the Development Applications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for development application skills.

All Development Application Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for development application skills 19,499 15,394 15,724
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 19.28% 16.73% 14.74%
Number of daily rates quoted 13,519 10,352 10,564
UK median daily rate £475 £425 £415
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +11.76% +2.41% +3.75%
10th Percentile £313 £300 £290
90th Percentile £613 £588 £575
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £400 £375
% change year-on-year +6.25% +6.67% +3.45%
Number of hourly rates quoted 219 306 367
UK median hourly rate £42.50 £41.50 £42.45
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +2.41% -2.24% +14.73%
10th Percentile £28.80 £21.63 £23.74
90th Percentile £67.25 £54.38 £52.25
UK excluding London median hourly rate £42.50 £41.00 £42.00
% change year-on-year +3.66% -2.38% +13.51%

Selenium
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Selenium as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Selenium in the UK

Selenium
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Selenium.

Contractor daily rate trend for Selenium in the UK

Selenium
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Selenium over the 6 months to 21 April 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Selenium in the UK

Selenium
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Selenium.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Selenium in the UK

Selenium
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Selenium over the 6 months to 21 April 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Selenium in the UK

Selenium
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Selenium within the UK over the 6 months to 21 April 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -5 2,215 £425 +4.17% 602
UK excluding London -8 1,301 £400 +10.34% 411
London -4 1,099 £450 - 227
South East +13 465 £400 +6.67% 107
North of England -35 261 £375 +7.14% 121
Midlands +20 179 £413 +17.86% 51
South West -15 130 £375 +7.14% 44
Yorkshire +2 122 £350 -6.67% 53
West Midlands +34 120 £419 +19.64% 18
Scotland -29 117 £400 +2.24% 21
North West -31 112 £410 +26.15% 62
East of England -19 93 £450 +28.57% 51
East Midlands +2 59 £400 +6.67% 33
Wales +6 45 £400 +20.30% 14
North East -32 29 £525 +49.86% 6
Northern Ireland +10 15 £263 +0.57% 2

For the 6 months to 21 April 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Selenium also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Selenium.

1 1,864 (76.74%) Test Automation
2 1,669 (68.71%) Agile Software Development
3 1,223 (50.35%) Java
4 929 (38.25%) Cucumber
5 867 (35.69%) BDD
6 707 (29.11%) Jenkins
7 684 (28.16%) JavaScript
8 680 (28.00%) TDD
9 672 (27.67%) Scrum
10 641 (26.39%) C#
11 614 (25.28%) SQL
12 590 (24.29%) QA
13 563 (23.18%) JIRA
14 561 (23.10%) Continuous Integration
15 537 (22.11%) Git (software)
16 531 (21.86%) WebDriver
17 452 (18.61%) DevOps
18 415 (17.09%) Finance
19 375 (15.44%) HTML
20 359 (14.78%) .NET
21 349 (14.37%) Web Services
22 348 (14.33%) CSS
23 332 (13.67%) SpecFlow
23 332 (13.67%) Gherkin
24 318 (13.09%) SoapUI
25 314 (12.93%) AngularJS
26 305 (12.56%) Test Scripting
27 295 (12.14%) Linux
28 278 (11.45%) RESTful
29 274 (11.28%) REST

Selenium
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 254 (10.46%) Confluence
2 82 (3.38%) Tomcat
3 74 (3.05%) JBoss
4 71 (2.92%) Apache
5 52 (2.14%) WebLogic
6 43 (1.77%) Cloud Foundry
7 41 (1.69%) Elasticsearch
8 39 (1.61%) WebSphere
9 35 (1.44%) OpenStack
10 28 (1.15%) Oracle SOA Suite
11 26 (1.07%) CMS
12 22 (0.91%) GlassFish
12 22 (0.91%) Liferay
12 22 (0.91%) SharePoint
13 20 (0.82%) IIS
14 17 (0.70%) Apache Spark
15 15 (0.62%) nginx
16 13 (0.54%) Documentum
16 13 (0.54%) Jetty
17 12 (0.49%) Adobe Experience Manager
Applications
1 35 (1.44%) Microsoft Excel
2 21 (0.86%) Microsoft Office
3 17 (0.70%) Adobe Creative Suite
3 17 (0.70%) OmniGraffle
4 6 (0.25%) Spreadsheet
5 4 (0.16%) Microsoft Project
6 2 (0.082%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 2 (0.082%) MS Visio
6 2 (0.082%) Photoshop
7 1 (0.041%) Chatbot
7 1 (0.041%) HipChat
Business Applications
1 21 (0.86%) Payment Gateway
2 14 (0.58%) Dynamics CRM
3 8 (0.33%) Magento
4 5 (0.21%) thinkFolio
5 4 (0.16%) Eagle PACE
5 4 (0.16%) Front Arena
6 1 (0.041%) Dynamics AX
6 1 (0.041%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
6 1 (0.041%) Oracle Applications
6 1 (0.041%) SAP BPC
Cloud Services
1 233 (9.59%) Amazon AWS
2 158 (6.50%) Microsoft Azure
3 101 (4.16%) GitHub
4 47 (1.93%) BrowserStack
5 38 (1.56%) npm
5 38 (1.56%) OpenShift
5 38 (1.56%) PaaS
6 33 (1.36%) IaaS
6 33 (1.36%) Sauce Labs
7 18 (0.74%) Google Analytics
8 17 (0.70%) AWS CloudFormation
9 14 (0.58%) Serverless
9 14 (0.58%) Slack
10 13 (0.54%) AWS Lambda
11 12 (0.49%) BlazeMeter
11 12 (0.49%) Google Cloud Platform
12 11 (0.45%) Amazon EC2
13 8 (0.33%) Amazon S3
13 8 (0.33%) SaaS
14 6 (0.25%) Cloud Computing
Communications & Networking
1 61 (2.51%) HTTP
2 44 (1.81%) Firewall
3 41 (1.69%) Internet
4 40 (1.65%) TCP/IP
5 31 (1.28%) SSL
6 30 (1.24%) PuTTY
6 30 (1.24%) WinSCP
7 17 (0.70%) DSL
7 17 (0.70%) SMS
8 9 (0.37%) DNS
9 8 (0.33%) 3G
9 8 (0.33%) LTE
9 8 (0.33%) Skype
10 7 (0.29%) DHCP
11 6 (0.25%) ICMP
12 4 (0.16%) 4G
12 4 (0.16%) AMQP
13 3 (0.12%) LAN
13 3 (0.12%) SMTP
13 3 (0.12%) WAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 186 (7.66%) SQL Server
2 124 (5.10%) MongoDB
3 118 (4.86%) PostgreSQL
4 104 (4.28%) MySQL
5 84 (3.46%) Relational Database
6 71 (2.92%) Oracle Database
7 68 (2.80%) Redis
8 62 (2.55%) NoSQL
9 49 (2.02%) SQL Server 2012
10 45 (1.85%) Big Data
11 42 (1.73%) SQL Server 2016
12 33 (1.36%) Oracle Database 11g
13 29 (1.19%) Oracle Database 10g
14 27 (1.11%) Hadoop
14 27 (1.11%) NuoDB
15 24 (0.99%) RDBMS
16 23 (0.95%) Oracle Database 12c
17 21 (0.86%) Endeca
18 19 (0.78%) Amazon DynamoDB
19 15 (0.62%) SQL Server 2014
Development Applications
1 929 (38.25%) Cucumber
2 707 (29.11%) Jenkins
3 563 (23.18%) JIRA
4 537 (22.11%) Git (software)
5 531 (21.86%) WebDriver
6 332 (13.67%) SpecFlow
7 318 (13.09%) SoapUI
8 244 (10.05%) JUnit
9 243 (10.00%) JMeter
10 235 (9.67%) Maven
11 155 (6.38%) TeamCity
12 140 (5.76%) HP UFT
13 138 (5.68%) NUnit
14 137 (5.64%) Team Foundation Server
15 124 (5.10%) Appium
16 121 (4.98%) Eclipse
17 114 (4.69%) Visual Studio
18 110 (4.53%) Jasmine
19 108 (4.45%) Ant
20 105 (4.32%) Subversion
General
1 415 (17.09%) Finance
2 253 (10.42%) Banking
3 130 (5.35%) Retail
4 42 (1.73%) Investment Banking
5 34 (1.40%) Telecoms
6 30 (1.24%) Back Office
7 29 (1.19%) Marketing
8 20 (0.82%) Financial Institution
8 20 (0.82%) Games
9 18 (0.74%) Advertising
9 18 (0.74%) Law
10 15 (0.62%) Front Office
11 14 (0.58%) Retail Banking
12 12 (0.49%) Publishing
13 9 (0.37%) Manufacturing
14 8 (0.33%) Corporate Banking
14 8 (0.33%) Electronics
15 7 (0.29%) International Banking
16 6 (0.25%) Automotive
17 5 (0.21%) Digital Economy
Job Titles
1 740 (30.47%) Developer
2 487 (20.05%) Tester
3 437 (17.99%) Analyst
4 420 (17.29%) Test Analyst
5 358 (14.74%) Automation Tester
6 243 (10.00%) Test Engineer
7 231 (9.51%) Automation Test Analyst
8 227 (9.35%) Java Developer
9 160 (6.59%) Test Automation Engineer
10 159 (6.55%) Developer in Test
11 141 (5.80%) DevOps Engineer
12 117 (4.82%) QA Engineer
13 109 (4.49%) JavaScript Developer
14 107 (4.41%) Java Engineer
15 106 (4.36%) Selenium Tester
16 104 (4.28%) Selenium Test Analyst
17 103 (4.24%) C# Developer
18 96 (3.95%) QA Tester
19 90 (3.71%) Test Leader
20 87 (3.58%) Selenium Automation Tester
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 375 (15.44%) HTML
2 359 (14.78%) .NET
3 349 (14.37%) Web Services
4 348 (14.33%) CSS
5 332 (13.67%) Gherkin
6 314 (12.93%) AngularJS
7 278 (11.45%) RESTful
8 274 (11.28%) REST
9 237 (9.76%) SOAP
10 212 (8.73%) HTML5
11 204 (8.40%) Node.js
12 201 (8.28%) Spring
13 199 (8.19%) XML
14 177 (7.29%) JSON
15 165 (6.79%) jQuery
16 154 (6.34%) React
17 133 (5.48%) CSS3
18 124 (5.10%) J2EE
19 98 (4.03%) ASP.NET
20 91 (3.75%) .NET Framework
Miscellaneous
1 156 (6.42%) User Experience
2 96 (3.95%) Greenfield Project
3 94 (3.87%) Mobile App
4 91 (3.75%) Analytical Skills
5 72 (2.96%) Enterprise Software
6 68 (2.80%) Fintech
7 61 (2.51%) Computer Science
8 46 (1.89%) Self-Motivation
9 43 (1.77%) Linux Command Line
10 24 (0.99%) iPad
11 23 (0.95%) Virtual Team
12 21 (0.86%) Social Media
13 18 (0.74%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
14 16 (0.66%) Management Information System
15 14 (0.58%) Client/Server
15 14 (0.58%) Mainframe
16 12 (0.49%) PKI
17 11 (0.45%) Mobile Banking
18 9 (0.37%) Data Structures
19 7 (0.29%) Algorithms
Operating Systems
1 295 (12.14%) Linux
2 168 (6.92%) Unix
3 154 (6.34%) Windows
4 99 (4.08%) Apple iOS
5 92 (3.79%) Android
6 49 (2.02%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 32 (1.32%) Windows Server
8 27 (1.11%) Windows Server 2012
9 26 (1.07%) Ubuntu
10 21 (0.86%) Mac OS X
11 8 (0.33%) CentOS
11 8 (0.33%) Nucleus RTOS
11 8 (0.33%) Windows Phone
12 7 (0.29%) Debian
13 5 (0.21%) Windows 10
14 4 (0.16%) AIX
14 4 (0.16%) Solaris
15 3 (0.12%) VMS
16 2 (0.082%) Mac OS
16 2 (0.082%) Windows 2000
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,864 (76.74%) Test Automation
2 1,669 (68.71%) Agile Software Development
3 867 (35.69%) BDD
4 680 (28.00%) TDD
5 672 (27.67%) Scrum
6 561 (23.10%) Continuous Integration
7 452 (18.61%) DevOps
8 305 (12.56%) Test Scripting
9 272 (11.20%) Kanban
10 252 (10.37%) API Testing
11 232 (9.55%) Performance Testing
12 226 (9.30%) Regression Testing
13 215 (8.85%) SDET
14 208 (8.56%) Functional Testing
15 205 (8.44%) Continuous Delivery
16 200 (8.23%) MVC
17 192 (7.90%) Problem-Solving
18 186 (7.66%) Microservices
19 181 (7.45%) Software Engineering
20 179 (7.37%) Test Strategy
Programming Languages
1 1,223 (50.35%) Java
2 684 (28.16%) JavaScript
3 641 (26.39%) C#
4 614 (25.28%) SQL
5 266 (10.95%) Python
6 190 (7.82%) Ruby
7 95 (3.91%) Scala
8 85 (3.50%) Groovy
9 73 (3.01%) PL/SQL
10 68 (2.80%) Java 8
11 56 (2.31%) Bash Shell
12 55 (2.26%) Perl
13 53 (2.18%) T-SQL
14 51 (2.10%) TypeScript
15 48 (1.98%) C++
16 35 (1.44%) ES6
16 35 (1.44%) PHP
17 32 (1.32%) PowerShell
18 30 (1.24%) F#
19 29 (1.19%) Shell Script
Qualifications
1 195 (8.03%) Security Cleared
2 144 (5.93%) ISTQB
3 143 (5.89%) SC Cleared
4 117 (4.82%) ISEB
5 96 (3.95%) Degree
6 75 (3.09%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
7 38 (1.56%) Computer Science Degree
8 33 (1.36%) DV Cleared
9 28 (1.15%) ISEB Practitioner
10 17 (0.70%) BPSS Clearance
11 10 (0.41%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
12 7 (0.29%) Master's Degree
13 4 (0.16%) BC Cleared
13 4 (0.16%) PMI Certification
13 4 (0.16%) PMP
14 3 (0.12%) HNC
15 2 (0.082%) HND
15 2 (0.082%) MCAD
15 2 (0.082%) MCSD
15 2 (0.082%) Microsoft Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 590 (24.29%) QA
2 10 (0.41%) MiFID
3 9 (0.37%) GDPR
3 9 (0.37%) WCAG
4 6 (0.25%) Disclosure Scotland
5 3 (0.12%) SLA
6 2 (0.082%) Data Quality
6 2 (0.082%) IEC 62304
6 2 (0.082%) ISO 13485
6 2 (0.082%) ISO 9001
6 2 (0.082%) PMO
6 2 (0.082%) SEPA
7 1 (0.041%) ISO 20022
7 1 (0.041%) ISO 8583
7 1 (0.041%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 1 (0.041%) PCI DSS
7 1 (0.041%) PSD2
System Software
1 236 (9.72%) Docker
2 27 (1.11%) vSphere
3 13 (0.54%) Virtual Servers
4 9 (0.37%) Active Directory
5 6 (0.25%) Virtual Machines
6 3 (0.12%) VMware Infrastructure
7 2 (0.082%) ACF2
7 2 (0.082%) LXC
7 2 (0.082%) RACF
7 2 (0.082%) VMware NSX
Systems Management
1 131 (5.39%) Puppet
2 111 (4.57%) HP ALM
3 92 (3.79%) Ansible
4 89 (3.66%) Opscode Chef
5 48 (1.98%) HP Quality Center
6 42 (1.73%) Kubernetes
7 37 (1.52%) Kibana
8 35 (1.44%) Grafana
9 30 (1.24%) Terraform
10 20 (0.82%) logstash
11 16 (0.66%) Docker Swarm
12 15 (0.62%) Nagios
12 15 (0.62%) Single Sign-On
13 11 (0.45%) Automic
13 11 (0.45%) Rancher
14 10 (0.41%) Graylog
14 10 (0.41%) Rundeck
14 10 (0.41%) Tivoli
15 8 (0.33%) CA Service Virtualization
16 6 (0.25%) Business Desktop Deployment
Vendors
1 223 (9.18%) Oracle
2 151 (6.22%) Microsoft
3 141 (5.80%) HP
4 85 (3.50%) Atlassian
5 80 (3.29%) Splunk
6 65 (2.68%) Red Hat
7 64 (2.63%) IBM
8 55 (2.26%) Salesforce.com
9 49 (2.02%) webMethods
10 43 (1.77%) Google
11 35 (1.44%) VMware
12 34 (1.40%) Adobe
13 31 (1.28%) AppDynamics
14 27 (1.11%) Software AG
15 23 (0.95%) ATG
16 19 (0.78%) CA
17 18 (0.74%) hybris
18 17 (0.70%) Pega
19 15 (0.62%) ServiceNow
20 12 (0.49%) Sitecore