Period
to

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Selenium skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Selenium over the 6 months to 2 July 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Selenium
UK
6 months to
2 Jul 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 225 206 127
Rank change year-on-year -19 -79 -10
Contract jobs citing Selenium 1,100 878 809
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 1.24% 1.32% 1.96%
As % of the Development Applications category 7.12% 7.47% 10.63%
Number of daily rates quoted 792 623 566
10th Percentile £363 £315 £313
25th Percentile £416 £371 £363
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £500 £450 £425
Median % change year-on-year +11.11% +5.88% -2.86%
75th Percentile £588 £519 £506
90th Percentile £650 £575 £575
UK excluding London median daily rate £463 £415 £422
% change year-on-year +11.45% -1.61% -0.75%
Number of hourly rates quoted 9 22 5
10th Percentile £44.50 £40.20 £38.75
25th Percentile £46.25 £50.88 £50.00
Median hourly rate £54.25 £64.25 £53.13
Median % change year-on-year -15.56% +20.94% +32.81%
75th Percentile £65.42 £67.95 £58.00
90th Percentile £65.54 £73.36 £62.80
UK excluding London median hourly rate £52.13 £64.25 £53.13
% change year-on-year -18.87% +20.94% +25.00%

Selenium is in the Development Applications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for development application skills.

All Development Application Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for development application skills 15,451 11,748 7,613
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 17.36% 17.71% 18.44%
Number of daily rates quoted 10,821 7,903 5,318
10th Percentile £400 £350 £331
25th Percentile £463 £413 £413
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £500 £500
Median % change year-on-year +10.00% - +5.26%
75th Percentile £650 £590 £588
90th Percentile £750 £675 £675
UK excluding London median daily rate £500 £450 £450
% change year-on-year +11.11% - -
Number of hourly rates quoted 200 202 101
10th Percentile £36.13 £25.50 £19.84
25th Percentile £41.16 £40.00 £38.25
Median hourly rate £52.65 £48.50 £47.50
Median % change year-on-year +8.56% +2.09% +5.56%
75th Percentile £65.00 £58.41 £55.00
90th Percentile £75.00 £65.50 £63.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £55.00 £47.50 £45.91
% change year-on-year +15.79% +3.46% +2.02%

Selenium
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Selenium as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Selenium in the UK

Selenium
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Selenium.

Daily rate trend for Selenium in the UK

Selenium
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Selenium over the 6 months to 2 July 2022.

Daily rate histogram for Selenium in the UK

Selenium
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Selenium.

Hourly rate trend for Selenium in the UK

Selenium
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Selenium over the 6 months to 2 July 2022.

Hourly rate histogram for Selenium in the UK

Selenium
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Selenium within the UK over the 6 months to 2 July 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
England -30 834 £500 +11.42% 221
Work from Home -15 604 £495 +10.00% 103
London -19 415 £550 +19.24% 78
UK excluding London -18 409 £463 +11.45% 157
South East +15 132 £463 +3.53% 41
North of England -58 84 £475 +11.76% 43
Midlands -17 65 £445 +17.88% 19
North West -19 47 £475 +12.43% 16
South West -7 46 £493 +9.44% 26
Scotland -15 44 £450 +12.50% 10
West Midlands -33 43 £423 +11.92% 14
Yorkshire -41 28 £475 +11.76% 16
East Midlands +9 22 £519 +41.64% 5
East of England -29 21 £500 +21.21% 12
Wales -6 10 £538 +27.22% 5
North East -28 9 £350 -20.45% 11
Northern Ireland - 7 £540 - 1

For the 6 months to 2 July 2022, IT contractor jobs citing Selenium also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Selenium.

1 877 (79.73%) Test Automation
2 634 (57.64%) Agile
3 531 (48.27%) Java
4 460 (41.82%) Cucumber
5 349 (31.73%) QA
6 345 (31.36%) DevOps
7 317 (28.82%) C#
8 312 (28.36%) CI/CD
9 308 (28.00%) JavaScript
10 307 (27.91%) Jenkins
11 300 (27.27%) Azure
12 272 (24.73%) SQL
12 272 (24.73%) BDD
13 264 (24.00%) Git (software)
14 253 (23.00%) JIRA
15 250 (22.73%) Scrum
16 230 (20.91%) TDD
17 222 (20.18%) Microservices
18 218 (19.82%) Finance
19 211 (19.18%) Continuous Integration
20 201 (18.27%) Social Skills
21 196 (17.82%) Postman
22 192 (17.45%) .NET
23 189 (17.18%) Python
23 189 (17.18%) API Testing
24 185 (16.82%) JMeter
25 177 (16.09%) SpecFlow
26 176 (16.00%) Azure DevOps
26 176 (16.00%) Security Cleared
27 174 (15.82%) Software Testing

Selenium
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 125 (11.36%) Confluence
2 18 (1.64%) Apache
3 15 (1.36%) WebLogic
4 13 (1.18%) Mule
5 11 (1.00%) Adobe Experience Manager
5 11 (1.00%) IIS
6 8 (0.73%) nginx
7 7 (0.64%) Cloud Foundry
7 7 (0.64%) WebSphere
8 6 (0.55%) Alfresco
8 6 (0.55%) Apache Solr
8 6 (0.55%) Drupal
8 6 (0.55%) SharePoint
9 5 (0.45%) SAS
10 3 (0.27%) Jupyter
10 3 (0.27%) NServiceBus
10 3 (0.27%) Tomcat
11 2 (0.18%) Ethereum
11 2 (0.18%) Mendix
11 2 (0.18%) OpenStack
Applications
1 15 (1.36%) Microsoft Excel
2 5 (0.45%) Microsoft Project
3 4 (0.36%) Microsoft Office
4 1 (0.091%) InVision
4 1 (0.091%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 1 (0.091%) Sketch
Business Applications
1 10 (0.91%) SAP FI-CA
1 10 (0.91%) SAP PSCD
2 5 (0.45%) Dynamics CRM
2 5 (0.45%) SAP Hybris
3 4 (0.36%) Salesforce.com CRM
3 4 (0.36%) SAP S/4HANA
4 3 (0.27%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
4 3 (0.27%) Oracle Retail
4 3 (0.27%) SAP FI
4 3 (0.27%) SAP IS-U
5 1 (0.091%) Magento
5 1 (0.091%) Shopify
5 1 (0.091%) Teamcenter
Cloud Services
1 300 (27.27%) Azure
2 176 (16.00%) Azure DevOps
3 118 (10.73%) AWS
4 67 (6.09%) BrowserStack
5 63 (5.73%) GitHub
6 38 (3.45%) Sauce Labs
7 32 (2.91%) Pulumi
8 30 (2.73%) GCP
9 29 (2.64%) Serverless
10 28 (2.55%) SaaS
11 24 (2.18%) PaaS
12 23 (2.09%) Slack
13 22 (2.00%) Tricentis Tosca
14 20 (1.82%) Apigee
14 20 (1.82%) Dynamics 365
15 16 (1.45%) OpenShift
16 14 (1.27%) Azure Service Bus
16 14 (1.27%) Cloud Computing
16 14 (1.27%) IaaS
16 14 (1.27%) Power Platform
Communications & Networking
1 32 (2.91%) Network Security
2 31 (2.82%) HTTP
3 15 (1.36%) HTTPS
4 13 (1.18%) TCP/IP
5 5 (0.45%) LAN
6 4 (0.36%) Firewall
6 4 (0.36%) VPN
7 3 (0.27%) 5G
7 3 (0.27%) Remote Desktop
7 3 (0.27%) SNMP
7 3 (0.27%) SSH
7 3 (0.27%) Wireshark
8 2 (0.18%) Broadband
8 2 (0.18%) PuTTY
9 1 (0.091%) DNS
9 1 (0.091%) Intranet
9 1 (0.091%) Skype
9 1 (0.091%) SSL
9 1 (0.091%) WAN
9 1 (0.091%) WebEx
Database & Business Intelligence
1 97 (8.82%) SQL Server
2 70 (6.36%) MongoDB
3 67 (6.09%) NoSQL
4 41 (3.73%) MySQL
4 41 (3.73%) PostgreSQL
5 37 (3.36%) Relational Database
6 25 (2.27%) Elasticsearch
7 17 (1.55%) Big Data
7 17 (1.55%) DB2
8 16 (1.45%) Oracle Database
8 16 (1.45%) Redis
9 14 (1.27%) Data Mining
9 14 (1.27%) Data Warehouse
10 12 (1.09%) DynamoDB
11 11 (1.00%) Azure SQL Database
11 11 (1.00%) Data Mart
11 11 (1.00%) RDBMS
12 7 (0.64%) Data Lake
12 7 (0.64%) MS Access
13 5 (0.45%) Couchbase
Development Applications
1 460 (41.82%) Cucumber
2 307 (27.91%) Jenkins
3 264 (24.00%) Git (software)
4 253 (23.00%) JIRA
5 196 (17.82%) Postman
6 185 (16.82%) JMeter
7 177 (16.09%) SpecFlow
8 130 (11.82%) SoapUI
9 118 (10.73%) WebDriver
10 101 (9.18%) Cypress.io
11 96 (8.73%) JUnit
12 91 (8.27%) REST Assured
13 87 (7.91%) Maven
14 79 (7.18%) Gatling
15 67 (6.09%) TeamCity
16 66 (6.00%) Visual Studio
17 64 (5.82%) Robot Framework
18 63 (5.73%) Appium
19 61 (5.55%) Team Foundation Server
20 60 (5.45%) Bitbucket
General
1 218 (19.82%) Finance
2 201 (18.27%) Social Skills
3 135 (12.27%) Banking
4 115 (10.45%) Public Sector
5 46 (4.18%) Analytical Skills
6 30 (2.73%) Retail Banking
7 27 (2.45%) Investment Banking
8 21 (1.91%) Retail
9 18 (1.64%) Games
10 16 (1.45%) Influencing Skills
11 15 (1.36%) Front Office
12 14 (1.27%) Presentation Skills
13 12 (1.09%) Law
14 10 (0.91%) Legal
15 9 (0.82%) Back Office
15 9 (0.82%) Documentation Skills
16 8 (0.73%) Marketing
17 7 (0.64%) Financial Institution
17 7 (0.64%) Inclusion and Diversity
18 6 (0.55%) Telecoms
Job Titles
1 242 (22.00%) Tester
2 230 (20.91%) Developer
3 181 (16.45%) Automation Tester
4 174 (15.82%) Test Engineer
5 113 (10.27%) QA Engineer
6 93 (8.45%) Test Automation Engineer
7 89 (8.09%) Analyst
8 78 (7.09%) Test Analyst
9 66 (6.00%) Software Developer
10 62 (5.64%) Java Developer
11 41 (3.73%) Test Leader
12 38 (3.45%) Senior Developer
13 30 (2.73%) Developer in Test
14 28 (2.55%) Automation Test Analyst
14 28 (2.55%) Java Engineer
15 27 (2.45%) Architect
15 27 (2.45%) DevOps Engineer
15 27 (2.45%) Senior Test Engineer
16 26 (2.36%) QA Automation Engineer
16 26 (2.36%) Test Manager
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 192 (17.45%) .NET
2 172 (15.64%) RESTful
3 147 (13.36%) REST
4 126 (11.45%) HTML
5 116 (10.55%) CSS
6 113 (10.27%) SOAP
7 111 (10.09%) JSON
8 109 (9.91%) Gherkin
9 107 (9.73%) React
10 91 (8.27%) Spring
11 90 (8.18%) Web Services
12 75 (6.82%) AngularJS
12 75 (6.82%) Node.js
13 71 (6.45%) XML
14 63 (5.73%) HTML5
15 58 (5.27%) Spring Boot
16 55 (5.00%) Swagger
17 50 (4.55%) .NET Framework
18 44 (4.00%) Entity Framework
19 37 (3.36%) WireMock
Miscellaneous
1 55 (5.00%) Virtual Team
2 42 (3.82%) Mobile App
2 42 (3.82%) User Experience
3 40 (3.64%) Greenfield Project
4 32 (2.91%) Video Conferencing
5 30 (2.73%) Cloud Native
5 30 (2.73%) Self-Motivation
6 16 (1.45%) W3C
7 13 (1.18%) Management Information System
7 13 (1.18%) NHS
8 12 (1.09%) Data Protection Act
9 8 (0.73%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
10 7 (0.64%) Enterprise Software
11 6 (0.55%) Algorithms
11 6 (0.55%) Hedge funds
11 6 (0.55%) Legacy Systems
11 6 (0.55%) Public Cloud
11 6 (0.55%) Social Media
12 5 (0.45%) Hybrid Cloud
12 5 (0.45%) Robotics
Operating Systems
1 94 (8.55%) Linux
2 51 (4.64%) Windows
3 47 (4.27%) Unix
4 26 (2.36%) Apple iOS
5 16 (1.45%) Android
6 7 (0.64%) Ubuntu
7 6 (0.55%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 5 (0.45%) Mac OS X
8 5 (0.45%) Windows Server
9 2 (0.18%) CentOS
9 2 (0.18%) Solaris
10 1 (0.091%) VMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 877 (79.73%) Test Automation
2 634 (57.64%) Agile
3 345 (31.36%) DevOps
4 312 (28.36%) CI/CD
5 272 (24.73%) BDD
6 250 (22.73%) Scrum
7 230 (20.91%) TDD
8 222 (20.18%) Microservices
9 211 (19.18%) Continuous Integration
10 189 (17.18%) API Testing
11 174 (15.82%) Software Testing
12 148 (13.45%) Test Strategy
13 126 (11.45%) Problem-Solving
14 121 (11.00%) SDLC
14 121 (11.00%) Test Scripting
15 115 (10.45%) Regression Testing
16 114 (10.36%) Manual Testing
17 100 (9.09%) Performance Testing
17 100 (9.09%) SDET
18 95 (8.64%) Functional Testing
Programming Languages
1 531 (48.27%) Java
2 317 (28.82%) C#
3 308 (28.00%) JavaScript
4 272 (24.73%) SQL
5 189 (17.18%) Python
6 87 (7.91%) TypeScript
7 52 (4.73%) Scala
8 33 (3.00%) Groovy
9 29 (2.64%) PL/SQL
10 24 (2.18%) Ruby
11 22 (2.00%) Bash
12 19 (1.73%) PowerShell
13 16 (1.45%) PHP
14 15 (1.36%) ES6
14 15 (1.36%) Go
15 11 (1.00%) C++
16 9 (0.82%) VBScript
17 8 (0.73%) Shell Script
18 6 (0.55%) Objective-C
18 6 (0.55%) VB
Qualifications
1 176 (16.00%) Security Cleared
2 134 (12.18%) SC Cleared
3 77 (7.00%) ISTQB
4 42 (3.82%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
5 35 (3.18%) ISEB
6 32 (2.91%) Degree
7 27 (2.45%) DV Cleared
8 26 (2.36%) BPSS Clearance
9 13 (1.18%) Computer Science Degree
10 4 (0.36%) Master's Degree
11 3 (0.27%) PMI Certification
11 3 (0.27%) PMP
12 2 (0.18%) AWS Certification
12 2 (0.18%) ITIL Certification
12 2 (0.18%) Numerate Degree
13 1 (0.091%) DBS Check
13 1 (0.091%) HP APS
13 1 (0.091%) HPE ATP
13 1 (0.091%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
13 1 (0.091%) SANS
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 349 (31.73%) QA
2 90 (8.18%) Accessibility
3 32 (2.91%) WCAG
4 8 (0.73%) GDPR
5 5 (0.45%) Data Quality
6 3 (0.27%) Disclosure Scotland
6 3 (0.27%) GRC
6 3 (0.27%) PMO
7 2 (0.18%) ISO 20022
8 1 (0.091%) DICOM
8 1 (0.091%) GxP
8 1 (0.091%) HL7
8 1 (0.091%) ISO 13485
System Software
1 162 (14.73%) Docker
2 8 (0.73%) Virtual Machines
3 7 (0.64%) Active Directory
4 3 (0.27%) VMware Infrastructure
5 1 (0.091%) HDFS
Systems Management
1 118 (10.73%) Kubernetes
2 72 (6.55%) Terraform
3 67 (6.09%) Ansible
4 23 (2.09%) Puppet
5 19 (1.73%) HP ALM
6 16 (1.45%) Kibana
7 12 (1.09%) HP Quality Center
8 10 (0.91%) Opscode Chef
9 7 (0.64%) Grafana
9 7 (0.64%) logstash
9 7 (0.64%) Netcool
10 4 (0.36%) HP SiteScope
10 4 (0.36%) Nagios
10 4 (0.36%) Rancher
11 3 (0.27%) Consul
11 3 (0.27%) HP Fortify
12 2 (0.18%) Active Directory Federation Services
12 2 (0.18%) ZABBIX
13 1 (0.091%) Istio
13 1 (0.091%) Kustomize
Vendors
1 115 (10.45%) Microsoft
2 106 (9.64%) Oracle
3 47 (4.27%) Splunk
4 39 (3.55%) AppDynamics
5 31 (2.82%) SAP
6 26 (2.36%) Google
7 20 (1.82%) HP
7 20 (1.82%) Mercator
8 17 (1.55%) Micro Focus
9 12 (1.09%) Adobe
9 12 (1.09%) Atlassian
10 11 (1.00%) Salesforce.com
11 10 (0.91%) Apple
11 10 (0.91%) ServiceNow
12 9 (0.82%) Blue Prism
12 9 (0.82%) Dynatrace
13 8 (0.73%) webMethods
14 7 (0.64%) Databricks
14 7 (0.64%) IBM
14 7 (0.64%) Sitecore