Period
to 27 January 2022

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Selenium skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Selenium over the 6 months to 27 January 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Selenium
UK
6 months to
27 Jan 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 192 176 137
Rank change year-on-year -16 -39 -49
Contract jobs citing Selenium 1,303 650 1,359
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 1.48% 1.53% 1.90%
As % of the Development Applications category 8.30% 8.81% 11.09%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,000 498 928
10th Percentile £350 £325 £313
25th Percentile £408 £366 £363
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £488 £450 £450
Median % change year-on-year +8.33% - -
75th Percentile £588 £537 £525
90th Percentile £675 £600 £588
UK excluding London median daily rate £439 £450 £423
% change year-on-year -2.50% +6.51% +3.36%
Number of hourly rates quoted 11 6 4
10th Percentile £36.25 £46.00 £26.18
25th Percentile £48.25 £51.75 £29.44
Median hourly rate £65.50 £58.00 £42.25
Median % change year-on-year +12.93% +37.28% +19.86%
75th Percentile £65.54 - £58.00
90th Percentile - £59.50 £67.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £57.50 £58.00 £32.50
% change year-on-year -0.86% +78.46% -2.99%

Selenium is in the Development Applications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for development application skills.

All Development Application Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for development application skills 15,706 7,382 12,249
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 17.88% 17.39% 17.12%
Number of daily rates quoted 10,952 5,118 8,337
10th Percentile £383 £320 £325
25th Percentile £450 £400 £400
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £540 £475 £475
Median % change year-on-year +13.68% - -
75th Percentile £638 £558 £575
90th Percentile £725 £638 £650
UK excluding London median daily rate £487 £432 £450
% change year-on-year +12.73% -4.00% +2.86%
Number of hourly rates quoted 217 159 156
10th Percentile £35.85 £31.50 £16.35
25th Percentile £39.75 £40.00 £23.84
Median hourly rate £50.77 £45.00 £44.75
Median % change year-on-year +12.82% +0.56% +1.80%
75th Percentile £64.75 £55.00 £52.50
90th Percentile £75.00 £61.25 £66.87
UK excluding London median hourly rate £55.00 £45.00 £42.50
% change year-on-year +22.22% +5.88% -3.41%

Selenium
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Selenium as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Selenium in the UK

Selenium
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Selenium.

Daily rate trend for Selenium in the UK

Selenium
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Selenium over the 6 months to 27 January 2022.

Daily rate histogram for Selenium in the UK

Selenium
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Selenium.

Hourly rate trend for Selenium in the UK

Selenium
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Selenium over the 6 months to 27 January 2022.

Hourly rate histogram for Selenium in the UK

Selenium
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Selenium within the UK over the 6 months to 27 January 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
England -18 969 £488 +8.33% 353
London -36 480 £540 +20.00% 148
UK excluding London -24 479 £439 -2.50% 229
Work from Home +2 470 £500 +11.11% 69
North of England -36 120 £423 -11.05% 67
South West +27 96 £475 +5.56% 29
South East -58 83 £475 -3.06% 54
Midlands -31 76 £405 +1.25% 28
Scotland -16 67 £426 +1.19% 19
Yorkshire -3 62 £413 -8.33% 22
North West -33 47 £460 -2.65% 36
West Midlands -39 47 £405 -5.81% 20
East Midlands -7 29 £360 - 8
East of England -40 27 £485 +14.12% 25
North East -23 14 £475 -5.00% 9
Wales -17 9 £420 +8.39% 5
Isle of Man -4 1 £350 -

For the 6 months to 27 January 2022, IT contractor jobs citing Selenium also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Selenium.

1 979 (75.13%) Test Automation
2 707 (54.26%) Agile Software Development
3 632 (48.50%) Java
4 564 (43.28%) Cucumber
5 403 (30.93%) Jenkins
6 400 (30.70%) DevOps
7 366 (28.09%) CI/CD
8 344 (26.40%) Azure
9 321 (24.64%) BDD
10 310 (23.79%) JIRA
11 303 (23.25%) C#
12 294 (22.56%) SQL
13 293 (22.49%) JavaScript
14 289 (22.18%) QA
15 285 (21.87%) Git (software)
16 279 (21.41%) TDD
17 264 (20.26%) Scrum
18 258 (19.80%) Software Testing
19 232 (17.81%) API Testing
20 223 (17.11%) Finance
21 220 (16.88%) Security Cleared
22 215 (16.50%) Social Skills
23 213 (16.35%) Postman
24 212 (16.27%) Microservices
25 200 (15.35%) Test Scripting
26 196 (15.04%) Continuous Integration
27 194 (14.89%) SoapUI
27 194 (14.89%) SpecFlow
28 182 (13.97%) Python
29 180 (13.81%) .NET

Selenium
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 127 (9.75%) Confluence
2 52 (3.99%) Elasticsearch
3 40 (3.07%) IIS
4 20 (1.53%) WebLogic
5 18 (1.38%) SharePoint
6 17 (1.30%) Apache
6 17 (1.30%) Tomcat
7 13 (1.00%) Appian
8 10 (0.77%) GemFire
9 9 (0.69%) WebSphere
10 8 (0.61%) Oracle SOA Suite
11 5 (0.38%) Ethereum
11 5 (0.38%) JBoss
12 4 (0.31%) Apache Solr
12 4 (0.31%) Mattermost
12 4 (0.31%) Mule
12 4 (0.31%) nginx
12 4 (0.31%) OpenStack
12 4 (0.31%) WebLogic Portal
13 3 (0.23%) WordPress
Applications
1 13 (1.00%) Microsoft Office
2 12 (0.92%) Microsoft Excel
3 4 (0.31%) Microsoft Project
4 2 (0.15%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 1 (0.077%) FileZilla
5 1 (0.077%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 14 (1.07%) SAP FI-CA
1 14 (1.07%) SAP PSCD
2 9 (0.69%) Oracle Cash Management
3 6 (0.46%) SAP HCM
4 5 (0.38%) Oracle ERP
4 5 (0.38%) Oracle General Ledger
4 5 (0.38%) Oracle Payables
4 5 (0.38%) Oracle Receivables
5 3 (0.23%) Endur
5 3 (0.23%) Infor M3
5 3 (0.23%) Magento
6 2 (0.15%) Maximo
7 1 (0.077%) Dynamics CRM
7 1 (0.077%) Dynamics NAV
7 1 (0.077%) Infor CloudSuite
7 1 (0.077%) Oracle BPM
7 1 (0.077%) Oracle CRM
7 1 (0.077%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
7 1 (0.077%) Salesforce.com CRM
7 1 (0.077%) Shopify
Cloud Services
1 344 (26.40%) Azure
2 162 (12.43%) AWS
3 109 (8.37%) GitHub
4 69 (5.30%) IaaS
4 69 (5.30%) PaaS
5 61 (4.68%) SaaS
6 39 (2.99%) BrowserStack
7 29 (2.23%) Azure Active Directory
8 28 (2.15%) NuGet
9 26 (2.00%) GCP
10 23 (1.77%) Datadog
11 22 (1.69%) Azure Monitor
12 21 (1.61%) Dynamics 365
12 21 (1.61%) OpenShift
13 20 (1.53%) Power Platform
14 19 (1.46%) Serverless
15 18 (1.38%) npm
16 17 (1.30%) Tricentis Tosca
17 16 (1.23%) Yarn
18 15 (1.15%) Apigee
Communications & Networking
1 36 (2.76%) HTTP
2 11 (0.84%) Firewall
3 6 (0.46%) LAN
4 3 (0.23%) FTP
5 2 (0.15%) DNS
5 2 (0.15%) DSL
5 2 (0.15%) SSL
5 2 (0.15%) VPN
5 2 (0.15%) WAAS
5 2 (0.15%) Wireshark
6 1 (0.077%) 2G
6 1 (0.077%) BitTorrent
6 1 (0.077%) HTTPS
6 1 (0.077%) Intranet
6 1 (0.077%) Network Security
6 1 (0.077%) PuTTY
6 1 (0.077%) SSH
6 1 (0.077%) tcpdump
6 1 (0.077%) Telnet
6 1 (0.077%) WinSCP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 85 (6.52%) SQL Server
2 67 (5.14%) NoSQL
3 66 (5.07%) Relational Database
4 65 (4.99%) MongoDB
5 55 (4.22%) PostgreSQL
6 51 (3.91%) MySQL
7 30 (2.30%) Redis
8 22 (1.69%) Data Warehouse
9 13 (1.00%) RDBMS
10 12 (0.92%) SQL Server Integration Services
11 11 (0.84%) Apache Cassandra
12 10 (0.77%) Amazon DynamoDB
12 10 (0.77%) Oracle Database
13 9 (0.69%) InterSystems Cache
14 7 (0.54%) Oracle Reports
14 7 (0.54%) Power BI
15 6 (0.46%) Big Data
15 6 (0.46%) DB2
16 5 (0.38%) BigQuery
16 5 (0.38%) Blockchain
Development Applications
1 564 (43.28%) Cucumber
2 403 (30.93%) Jenkins
3 310 (23.79%) JIRA
4 285 (21.87%) Git (software)
5 213 (16.35%) Postman
6 194 (14.89%) SoapUI
6 194 (14.89%) SpecFlow
7 171 (13.12%) JMeter
8 163 (12.51%) WebDriver
9 117 (8.98%) JUnit
10 115 (8.83%) Maven
11 98 (7.52%) Cypress.io
12 90 (6.91%) SonarQube
13 84 (6.45%) REST Assured
14 80 (6.14%) Sonatype Nexus
15 76 (5.83%) Bitbucket
16 69 (5.30%) Robot Framework
17 57 (4.37%) Gatling
18 48 (3.68%) TeamCity
19 39 (2.99%) Zephyr
General
1 223 (17.11%) Finance
2 215 (16.50%) Social Skills
3 146 (11.20%) Banking
4 114 (8.75%) Public Sector
5 54 (4.14%) Analytical Skills
6 48 (3.68%) Investment Banking
7 44 (3.38%) Front Office
8 20 (1.53%) Back Office
9 19 (1.46%) Marketing
10 17 (1.30%) Influencing Skills
10 17 (1.30%) Retail
11 16 (1.23%) Documentation Skills
12 13 (1.00%) Retail Banking
13 11 (0.84%) Games
13 11 (0.84%) Law
14 9 (0.69%) Presentation Skills
14 9 (0.69%) Telecoms
15 8 (0.61%) Pharmaceutical
16 6 (0.46%) Financial Institution
16 6 (0.46%) Legal
Job Titles
1 290 (22.26%) Tester
2 255 (19.57%) Developer
3 226 (17.34%) Automation Tester
4 222 (17.04%) Test Engineer
5 152 (11.67%) Analyst
6 148 (11.36%) Test Analyst
7 130 (9.98%) Test Automation Engineer
8 77 (5.91%) Java Developer
9 76 (5.83%) DevOps Engineer
10 63 (4.83%) Developer in Test
10 63 (4.83%) QA Engineer
11 55 (4.22%) Test Leader
12 51 (3.91%) Senior Developer
13 46 (3.53%) Software Developer
14 43 (3.30%) Automation Engineer
15 42 (3.22%) Java Engineer
16 39 (2.99%) Software Engineer
17 31 (2.38%) Senior Tester
18 30 (2.30%) Test Automation Developer
19 29 (2.23%) Senior Java Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 180 (13.81%) .NET
2 140 (10.74%) REST
3 122 (9.36%) SOAP
4 117 (8.98%) HTML
5 110 (8.44%) CSS
6 109 (8.37%) Gherkin
7 108 (8.29%) Web Services
8 101 (7.75%) JSON
8 101 (7.75%) XML
9 94 (7.21%) Node.js
10 93 (7.14%) RESTful
11 91 (6.98%) Spring
12 79 (6.06%) AngularJS
13 77 (5.91%) React
14 63 (4.83%) Spring Boot
15 54 (4.14%) .NET Framework
16 35 (2.69%) WireMock
17 33 (2.53%) Jest
17 33 (2.53%) Swagger
18 32 (2.46%) Elastic Stack
Miscellaneous
1 46 (3.53%) User Experience
2 44 (3.38%) Cloud Native
3 40 (3.07%) Greenfield Project
4 38 (2.92%) Mobile App
5 27 (2.07%) Data Structures
6 24 (1.84%) Self-Motivation
7 17 (1.30%) Enterprise Software
7 17 (1.30%) Equities
8 15 (1.15%) Client/Server
8 15 (1.15%) Data Protection Act
8 15 (1.15%) NHS
9 14 (1.07%) Algorithms
9 14 (1.07%) Legacy Systems
10 12 (0.92%) N-Tier
11 8 (0.61%) Virtual Team
12 7 (0.54%) Linux Command Line
13 6 (0.46%) Mainframe
13 6 (0.46%) Management Information System
13 6 (0.46%) Replication
14 5 (0.38%) Video\Live Streaming
Operating Systems
1 157 (12.05%) Linux
2 114 (8.75%) Unix
3 102 (7.83%) Windows
4 22 (1.69%) Apple iOS
5 16 (1.23%) Android
6 15 (1.15%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 15 (1.15%) Windows Server
7 13 (1.00%) CentOS
7 13 (1.00%) Ubuntu
8 11 (0.84%) Windows Server 2012
9 7 (0.54%) Solaris
10 5 (0.38%) Mac OS X
10 5 (0.38%) tvOS
11 3 (0.23%) AIX
12 2 (0.15%) Windows 10
12 2 (0.15%) Windows Server 2008
13 1 (0.077%) Mac OS
Processes & Methodologies
1 979 (75.13%) Test Automation
2 707 (54.26%) Agile Software Development
3 400 (30.70%) DevOps
4 366 (28.09%) CI/CD
5 321 (24.64%) BDD
6 279 (21.41%) TDD
7 264 (20.26%) Scrum
8 258 (19.80%) Software Testing
9 232 (17.81%) API Testing
10 212 (16.27%) Microservices
11 200 (15.35%) Test Scripting
12 196 (15.04%) Continuous Integration
13 150 (11.51%) SDET
14 148 (11.36%) Test Strategy
15 119 (9.13%) Regression Testing
16 118 (9.06%) Problem-Solving
17 111 (8.52%) Scenario Testing
18 105 (8.06%) Kanban
19 103 (7.90%) Performance Testing
20 92 (7.06%) Manual Testing
Programming Languages
1 632 (48.50%) Java
2 303 (23.25%) C#
3 294 (22.56%) SQL
4 293 (22.49%) JavaScript
5 182 (13.97%) Python
6 85 (6.52%) TypeScript
7 59 (4.53%) Scala
8 48 (3.68%) Ruby
9 42 (3.22%) Java 8
10 37 (2.84%) Bash
10 37 (2.84%) PowerShell
11 32 (2.46%) Go
12 29 (2.23%) VB
13 28 (2.15%) PHP
14 27 (2.07%) Shell Script
15 26 (2.00%) Groovy
16 22 (1.69%) C++
17 21 (1.61%) ES6
18 18 (1.38%) PL/SQL
19 14 (1.07%) VBScript
Qualifications
1 220 (16.88%) Security Cleared
2 173 (13.28%) SC Cleared
3 136 (10.44%) ISTQB
4 86 (6.60%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
5 82 (6.29%) ISEB
6 50 (3.84%) DV Cleared
7 49 (3.76%) Degree
8 37 (2.84%) BPSS Clearance
9 23 (1.77%) Computer Science Degree
10 7 (0.54%) CEH
10 7 (0.54%) MCSA
10 7 (0.54%) MCSE
10 7 (0.54%) Microsoft Certification
11 6 (0.46%) PRINCE2 Certification
12 4 (0.31%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
12 4 (0.31%) Numerate Degree
13 2 (0.15%) DBS Check
13 2 (0.15%) ISEB Practitioner
14 1 (0.077%) CFA
14 1 (0.077%) CTC Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 289 (22.18%) QA
2 71 (5.45%) Accessibility
3 8 (0.61%) WCAG
4 5 (0.38%) Disclosure Scotland
5 3 (0.23%) DICOM
5 3 (0.23%) GDPR
5 3 (0.23%) HL7
5 3 (0.23%) ISO 13485
6 2 (0.15%) Data Quality
6 2 (0.15%) IFRS
6 2 (0.15%) PCI DSS
6 2 (0.15%) PSD2
7 1 (0.077%) GxP
7 1 (0.077%) ISO 8583
7 1 (0.077%) NIST
7 1 (0.077%) Sarbanes-Oxley
7 1 (0.077%) SLA
7 1 (0.077%) SOC 1
7 1 (0.077%) SOC 2
7 1 (0.077%) Solvency II
System Software
1 179 (13.74%) Docker
2 36 (2.76%) Active Directory
3 7 (0.54%) Virtual Machines
4 4 (0.31%) vSphere
5 2 (0.15%) HDFS
5 2 (0.15%) VMware Infrastructure
6 1 (0.077%) OpenAM
6 1 (0.077%) OpenIDM
Systems Management
1 142 (10.90%) Kubernetes
2 117 (8.98%) Ansible
3 91 (6.98%) Terraform
4 70 (5.37%) Puppet
5 30 (2.30%) Kibana
6 26 (2.00%) Netcool
7 25 (1.92%) Grafana
8 23 (1.77%) Opscode Chef
9 20 (1.53%) Nagios
10 17 (1.30%) Prometheus
11 15 (1.15%) Argo
12 14 (1.07%) HP ALM
12 14 (1.07%) HP Quality Center
13 13 (1.00%) logstash
14 10 (0.77%) ZABBIX
15 9 (0.69%) Graphite
16 6 (0.46%) Packer
17 4 (0.31%) vCenter Server
18 2 (0.15%) CA Service Virtualization
18 2 (0.15%) Graylog
Vendors
1 149 (11.44%) Microsoft
2 115 (8.83%) Oracle
3 54 (4.14%) Splunk
4 44 (3.38%) AppDynamics
5 31 (2.38%) SAP
6 28 (2.15%) New Relic
7 25 (1.92%) Atlassian
7 25 (1.92%) Google
8 20 (1.53%) HP
9 16 (1.23%) MuleSoft
9 16 (1.23%) Salesforce.com
10 14 (1.07%) IBM
10 14 (1.07%) Micro Focus
11 13 (1.00%) webMethods
12 9 (0.69%) Red Hat
13 7 (0.54%) Apple
13 7 (0.54%) CA Agile Central
14 6 (0.46%) Blue Prism
14 6 (0.46%) Checkmarx
14 6 (0.46%) Databricks