Period
to 26 February 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Selenium skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Selenium over the 6 months to 26 February 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Selenium
UK
6 months to
26 Feb 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 169 131 88
Rank change year-on-year -38 -43 +26
Contract jobs citing Selenium 715 1,300 2,714
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 1.50% 1.91% 2.74%
As % of the Development Applications category 8.61% 11.14% 12.90%
Number of daily rates quoted 711 912 1,830
Median daily rate £450 £439 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.56% -2.50% +5.88%
10th Percentile £320 £313 £313
90th Percentile £600 £588 £575
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £420 £413
% change year-on-year +7.14% +1.82% +3.13%
Number of hourly rates quoted 11 4 9
Median hourly rate £50.00 £51.00 £36.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -1.96% +41.67% -28.00%
10th Percentile £36.25 £36.88 £29.25
90th Percentile £58.00 £56.50 £39.40
UK excluding London median hourly rate £54.00 £51.00 £34.50
% change year-on-year +5.88% +47.83% -29.23%

Selenium is in the Development Applications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for development application skills.

All Development Application Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for development application skills 8,303 11,665 21,044
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 17.45% 17.15% 21.23%
Number of daily rates quoted 5,639 7,929 14,634
Median daily rate £475 £475 £480
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - -1.04% +3.78%
10th Percentile £325 £325 £328
90th Percentile £644 £650 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £431 £450 £450
% change year-on-year -4.22% - +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 175 161 260
Median hourly rate £45.00 £47.00 £44.18
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -4.26% +6.38% -1.38%
10th Percentile £30.28 £16.50 £25.37
90th Percentile £61.25 £63.75 £55.00
Median hourly rate £45.00 £45.00 £44.50
% change year-on-year - +1.12% -1.11%

Selenium
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Selenium as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Selenium in the UK

Selenium
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Selenium.

Daily rate trend for Selenium in the UK

Selenium
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Selenium over the 6 months to 26 February 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Selenium in the UK

Selenium
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Selenium.

Hourly rate trend for Selenium in the UK

Selenium
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Selenium over the 6 months to 26 February 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Selenium in the UK

Selenium
Top 19 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Selenium within the UK over the 6 months to 26 February 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -42 577 £450 - 166
London -22 299 £450 -7.69% 61
UK excluding London -30 298 £450 +7.14% 119
Work from Home -47 224 £450 +16.13% 30
North of England +22 99 £475 +20.25% 36
South East -28 68 £475 +6.74% 36
Scotland +12 42 £408 +5.16% 9
Midlands +19 40 £382 +0.20% 15
North East +17 37 £495 +23.75% 6
North West +23 35 £485 +22.78% 17
West Midlands +25 33 £380 +5.56% 11
Yorkshire +25 27 £425 +13.33% 13
East of England +26 24 £390 - 8
South West -27 18 £450 -2.78% 9
East Midlands +1 7 £468 +14.02% 4
Wales -9 5 £388 -8.82% 1
Isle of Man - 1 - -
Northern Ireland - 1 - - 5
Channel Islands - 1 - -

For the 6 months to 26 February 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Selenium also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Selenium.

1 523 (73.15%) Test Automation
2 387 (54.13%) Agile Software Development
3 377 (52.73%) Java
4 277 (38.74%) Cucumber
5 255 (35.66%) BDD
6 238 (33.29%) Jenkins
7 218 (30.49%) DevOps
8 211 (29.51%) TDD
9 200 (27.97%) JavaScript
10 199 (27.83%) QA
11 184 (25.73%) SQL
12 182 (25.45%) JIRA
13 162 (22.66%) Azure
14 153 (21.40%) C#
15 143 (20.00%) Continuous Integration
16 140 (19.58%) Git (software)
17 130 (18.18%) Scrum
18 122 (17.06%) Python
19 118 (16.50%) Security Cleared
20 117 (16.36%) .NET
21 107 (14.97%) Postman
22 106 (14.83%) Microservices
22 106 (14.83%) JMeter
23 103 (14.41%) Docker
24 101 (14.13%) REST
25 100 (13.99%) AWS
26 96 (13.43%) SC Cleared
27 92 (12.87%) AngularJS
28 89 (12.45%) API Testing
28 89 (12.45%) Finance

Selenium
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 75 (10.49%) Confluence
2 26 (3.64%) Elasticsearch
3 24 (3.36%) JBoss
3 24 (3.36%) WebLogic
4 15 (2.10%) Apache Spark
5 14 (1.96%) Apache
6 13 (1.82%) WebSphere
7 11 (1.54%) Tomcat
8 10 (1.40%) Red Hat Fuse
9 9 (1.26%) MQSeries
10 8 (1.12%) SharePoint
11 7 (0.98%) Adobe Experience Manager
12 6 (0.84%) CMS
13 5 (0.70%) IIS
13 5 (0.70%) Jetty
13 5 (0.70%) Mule
13 5 (0.70%) Oracle Self-Service HR
14 4 (0.56%) Oracle SOA Suite
15 3 (0.42%) nginx
16 2 (0.28%) Anypoint
Applications
1 10 (1.40%) Microsoft Excel
2 2 (0.28%) Chatbot
2 2 (0.28%) Microsoft Office
2 2 (0.28%) Photoshop
3 1 (0.14%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 6 (0.84%) Dynamics CRM
2 5 (0.70%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
3 4 (0.56%) SAP FI-CA
3 4 (0.56%) SAP HCM
3 4 (0.56%) Sentinel
4 3 (0.42%) Magento
4 3 (0.42%) SAP PSCD
5 2 (0.28%) Oracle Cash Management
5 2 (0.28%) Oracle ERP
5 2 (0.28%) Oracle General Ledger
5 2 (0.28%) Oracle Payables
5 2 (0.28%) Oracle Receivables
5 2 (0.28%) Payment Gateway
5 2 (0.28%) Teamcenter
6 1 (0.14%) Adobe Campaign
6 1 (0.14%) Exstream
6 1 (0.14%) Maximo
6 1 (0.14%) Oracle Applications
6 1 (0.14%) Salesforce.com CRM
6 1 (0.14%) SAP Hybris
Cloud Services
1 162 (22.66%) Azure
2 100 (13.99%) AWS
3 58 (8.11%) GitHub
4 29 (4.06%) Serverless
5 19 (2.66%) PaaS
6 18 (2.52%) AWS Lambda
6 18 (2.52%) Dynamics 365
7 17 (2.38%) GCP
8 13 (1.82%) IaaS
8 13 (1.82%) SaaS
9 12 (1.68%) Google Analytics
9 12 (1.68%) OpenShift
10 10 (1.40%) Slack
10 10 (1.40%) Tricentis Tosca
11 9 (1.26%) Amazon S3
11 9 (1.26%) BrowserStack
12 8 (1.12%) Amazon EC2
12 8 (1.12%) Power Platform
13 7 (0.98%) Amazon EKS
13 7 (0.98%) AWS CloudFormation
Communications & Networking
1 20 (2.80%) HTTP
2 16 (2.24%) TCP/IP
3 14 (1.96%) SSL
4 11 (1.54%) SSH
5 5 (0.70%) DNS
5 5 (0.70%) VPN
6 4 (0.56%) DSL
6 4 (0.56%) Intranet
7 3 (0.42%) FTP
7 3 (0.42%) Internet
7 3 (0.42%) Unified Communications
8 2 (0.28%) LAN
8 2 (0.28%) PuTTY
9 1 (0.14%) DMARC
9 1 (0.14%) HTTPS
9 1 (0.14%) SMS
9 1 (0.14%) SMTP
9 1 (0.14%) WebEx
Database & Business Intelligence
1 44 (6.15%) SQL Server
2 39 (5.45%) NoSQL
3 33 (4.62%) MySQL
4 32 (4.48%) MongoDB
5 30 (4.20%) PostgreSQL
6 21 (2.94%) Hadoop
7 20 (2.80%) Relational Database
8 16 (2.24%) Oracle Database
9 15 (2.10%) Amazon DynamoDB
10 13 (1.82%) DB2
11 12 (1.68%) Big Data
11 12 (1.68%) Data Warehouse
12 8 (1.12%) RDBMS
13 6 (0.84%) MS Access
13 6 (0.84%) Power BI
14 5 (0.70%) Apache Cassandra
15 4 (0.56%) SQL Server 2012
16 3 (0.42%) Couchbase
16 3 (0.42%) Neo4j
16 3 (0.42%) Redis
Development Applications
1 277 (38.74%) Cucumber
2 238 (33.29%) Jenkins
3 182 (25.45%) JIRA
4 140 (19.58%) Git (software)
5 107 (14.97%) Postman
6 106 (14.83%) JMeter
7 82 (11.47%) WebDriver
8 81 (11.33%) SoapUI
9 80 (11.19%) SpecFlow
10 74 (10.35%) JUnit
11 65 (9.09%) Maven
12 57 (7.97%) REST Assured
13 45 (6.29%) Cypress.io
13 45 (6.29%) GitLab
14 36 (5.03%) SonarQube
15 35 (4.90%) HP UFT
16 31 (4.34%) Gatling
17 29 (4.06%) Appium
18 24 (3.36%) TeamCity
19 21 (2.94%) IntelliJ
General
1 89 (12.45%) Finance
2 82 (11.47%) Public Sector
3 71 (9.93%) Banking
4 28 (3.92%) Retail Banking
5 11 (1.54%) Investment Banking
6 8 (1.12%) Legal
7 7 (0.98%) Retail
8 6 (0.84%) Billing
8 6 (0.84%) Law
8 6 (0.84%) Telecoms
9 5 (0.70%) Financial Institution
10 4 (0.56%) Automotive
10 4 (0.56%) Front Office
10 4 (0.56%) Marketing
10 4 (0.56%) Publishing
11 3 (0.42%) Games
11 3 (0.42%) Pharmaceutical
12 2 (0.28%) General Ledger
12 2 (0.28%) Spanish Language
13 1 (0.14%) Local Government
Job Titles
1 158 (22.10%) Developer
2 141 (19.72%) Tester
3 115 (16.08%) Test Engineer
4 99 (13.85%) Automation Tester
5 69 (9.65%) Test Automation Engineer
6 60 (8.39%) QA Engineer
7 49 (6.85%) Analyst
8 46 (6.43%) Java Developer
9 42 (5.87%) Test Analyst
10 35 (4.90%) DevOps Engineer
11 32 (4.48%) Architect
12 31 (4.34%) Automation Engineer
13 30 (4.20%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
14 27 (3.78%) QA Automation Engineer
15 24 (3.36%) Java Engineer
16 23 (3.22%) QA Tester
17 20 (2.80%) Developer in Test
17 20 (2.80%) Test Leader
18 19 (2.66%) Test Manager
19 16 (2.24%) Senior Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 117 (16.36%) .NET
2 101 (14.13%) REST
3 92 (12.87%) AngularJS
4 84 (11.75%) SOAP
5 82 (11.47%) HTML
6 80 (11.19%) Node.js
6 80 (11.19%) XML
7 77 (10.77%) Web Services
8 76 (10.63%) CSS
9 73 (10.21%) Spring
10 68 (9.51%) Gherkin
11 66 (9.23%) JSON
12 65 (9.09%) React
13 51 (7.13%) HTML5
13 51 (7.13%) RESTful
14 32 (4.48%) .NET Framework
15 29 (4.06%) CSS3
16 26 (3.64%) Jest
17 25 (3.50%) .NET Core
18 24 (3.36%) Play Framework
Miscellaneous
1 31 (4.34%) Mobile App
2 30 (4.20%) Analytical Skills
3 20 (2.80%) Greenfield Project
4 18 (2.52%) User Experience
5 17 (2.38%) Virtual Team
6 16 (2.24%) Public Cloud
7 15 (2.10%) NHS
8 11 (1.54%) Derivative
8 11 (1.54%) Self-Motivation
9 9 (1.26%) Enterprise Software
9 9 (1.26%) Management Information System
10 5 (0.70%) Client/Server
10 5 (0.70%) N-Tier
11 4 (0.56%) Data Structures
11 4 (0.56%) Fixed Income
12 3 (0.42%) Cloud Native
12 3 (0.42%) PlayStation
13 2 (0.28%) Fedwire
13 2 (0.28%) Linux Command Line
13 2 (0.28%) Smart City
Operating Systems
1 63 (8.81%) Linux
2 49 (6.85%) Windows
3 35 (4.90%) Unix
4 30 (4.20%) Android
5 26 (3.64%) Apple iOS
6 11 (1.54%) Ubuntu
7 9 (1.26%) CentOS
8 7 (0.98%) Mac OS X
8 7 (0.98%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 5 (0.70%) Debian
10 1 (0.14%) Mac OS
10 1 (0.14%) Solaris
Processes & Methodologies
1 523 (73.15%) Test Automation
2 387 (54.13%) Agile Software Development
3 255 (35.66%) BDD
4 218 (30.49%) DevOps
5 211 (29.51%) TDD
6 143 (20.00%) Continuous Integration
7 130 (18.18%) Scrum
8 106 (14.83%) Microservices
9 89 (12.45%) API Testing
10 79 (11.05%) Open Source
11 68 (9.51%) Test Scripting
12 65 (9.09%) Functional Testing
13 63 (8.81%) Performance Testing
14 58 (8.11%) SDLC
15 55 (7.69%) SDET
16 53 (7.41%) Test Strategy
17 49 (6.85%) Continuous Delivery
17 49 (6.85%) Regression Testing
18 48 (6.71%) Non-Functional Testing
19 45 (6.29%) Manual Testing
Programming Languages
1 377 (52.73%) Java
2 200 (27.97%) JavaScript
3 184 (25.73%) SQL
4 153 (21.40%) C#
5 122 (17.06%) Python
6 44 (6.15%) Ruby
7 37 (5.17%) Scala
7 37 (5.17%) TypeScript
8 34 (4.76%) Java 8
9 27 (3.78%) Groovy
10 25 (3.50%) PL/SQL
11 23 (3.22%) Bash Shell
11 23 (3.22%) C++
11 23 (3.22%) Perl
12 21 (2.94%) Shell Script
13 17 (2.38%) C
13 17 (2.38%) PowerShell
14 16 (2.24%) PHP
14 16 (2.24%) T-SQL
15 13 (1.82%) VB.NET
Qualifications
1 118 (16.50%) Security Cleared
2 96 (13.43%) SC Cleared
3 47 (6.57%) ISTQB
4 30 (4.20%) ISEB
5 24 (3.36%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
6 22 (3.08%) DV Cleared
7 12 (1.68%) BPSS Clearance
8 9 (1.26%) Degree
9 8 (1.12%) TOGAF Certification
10 4 (0.56%) Computer Science Degree
11 3 (0.42%) DBS Check
12 2 (0.28%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
12 2 (0.28%) Master's Degree
13 1 (0.14%) HNC
13 1 (0.14%) ISEB Practitioner
13 1 (0.14%) MCP
13 1 (0.14%) Microsoft Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 199 (27.83%) QA
2 11 (1.54%) NIST
3 10 (1.40%) WCAG
4 9 (1.26%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 3 (0.42%) Data Quality
5 3 (0.42%) Disclosure Scotland
6 2 (0.28%) ISO 20022
6 2 (0.28%) SEPA
6 2 (0.28%) TARGET2
7 1 (0.14%) GDPR
7 1 (0.14%) PSD2
System Software
1 103 (14.41%) Docker
2 5 (0.70%) Active Directory
3 1 (0.14%) HDFS
3 1 (0.14%) Hyper-V
3 1 (0.14%) VMware Infrastructure
Systems Management
1 67 (9.37%) Kubernetes
2 62 (8.67%) Terraform
3 42 (5.87%) Ansible
4 35 (4.90%) Puppet
5 31 (4.34%) HP ALM
6 17 (2.38%) HP Fortify
7 14 (1.96%) Kibana
8 13 (1.82%) Grafana
9 11 (1.54%) Opscode Chef
10 9 (1.26%) HP Quality Center
11 7 (0.98%) Rancher
12 6 (0.84%) Salt
13 5 (0.70%) Rundeck
13 5 (0.70%) ZABBIX
14 4 (0.56%) Nagios
15 2 (0.28%) Giant Swarm
15 2 (0.28%) Prometheus
15 2 (0.28%) Sysdig
16 1 (0.14%) Consul
16 1 (0.14%) Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 83 (11.61%) Oracle
2 45 (6.29%) Microsoft
3 38 (5.31%) HP
4 23 (3.22%) MuleSoft
5 21 (2.94%) Google
5 21 (2.94%) Splunk
6 19 (2.66%) IBM
7 14 (1.96%) Dynatrace
8 13 (1.82%) SAP
9 12 (1.68%) Red Hat
10 11 (1.54%) Micro Focus
11 10 (1.40%) Salesforce.com
11 10 (1.40%) webMethods
12 9 (1.26%) Axway
12 9 (1.26%) Black Duck
12 9 (1.26%) Qualys
12 9 (1.26%) Sonatype
12 9 (1.26%) Sparx
12 9 (1.26%) Sybase
13 8 (1.12%) ArcSight