Period
to 21 February 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Selenium skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Selenium over the 6 months to 21 February 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Selenium
UK
6 months to
21 Feb 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 85 114 97
Rank change year-on-year +29 -17 +49
Contract jobs citing Selenium 2,759 2,254 2,243
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 2.78% 2.22% 2.34%
As % of the Development Applications category 13.11% 12.00% 14.02%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,805 1,550 1,445
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.88% +6.25% +2.56%
10th Percentile £313 £300 £275
90th Percentile £575 £575 £538
UK excluding London median daily rate £409 £400 £375
% change year-on-year +2.19% +6.67% +3.45%
Number of hourly rates quoted 10 11 12
UK median hourly rate £35.50 £50.00 £50.75
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -29.00% -1.48% -3.33%
10th Percentile £30.25 £12.71 £41.53
90th Percentile £39.20 £60.00 £74.34
UK excluding London median hourly rate £34.50 £48.75 £56.88
% change year-on-year -29.23% -14.29% +3.42%

Selenium is in the Development Applications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for development application skills.

All Development Application Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for development application skills 21,048 18,789 15,998
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 21.24% 18.50% 16.66%
Number of daily rates quoted 14,398 13,166 10,711
UK median daily rate £475 £463 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.70% +8.82% +3.03%
10th Percentile £325 £313 £300
90th Percentile £631 £613 £588
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £425 £400
% change year-on-year +5.88% +6.25% +6.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 284 239 278
UK median hourly rate £43.00 £45.00 £41.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -4.44% +9.76% +2.50%
10th Percentile £30.15 £29.00 £22.13
90th Percentile £54.63 £67.25 £53.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £44.00 £45.00 £41.00
% change year-on-year -2.22% +9.76% +2.50%

Selenium
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Selenium as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Selenium in the UK

Selenium
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Selenium.

Contractor daily rate trend for Selenium in the UK

Selenium
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Selenium over the 6 months to 21 February 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Selenium in the UK

Selenium
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Selenium.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Selenium in the UK

Selenium
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Selenium over the 6 months to 21 February 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Selenium in the UK

Selenium
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Selenium within the UK over the 6 months to 21 February 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +28 2,565 £450 +5.88% 685
UK excluding London +26 1,503 £409 +2.19% 509
London +31 1,222 £475 +5.56% 223
South East +5 453 £425 +3.03% 124
North of England +46 371 £400 +6.67% 150
Midlands +34 253 £408 -1.21% 79
North West +42 188 £425 +13.33% 76
West Midlands +34 186 £413 - 45
South West +2 182 £425 +13.33% 73
Yorkshire +1 100 £368 -2.00% 56
Scotland -3 100 £400 - 29
North East +21 84 £389 -0.26% 18
East of England +3 83 £350 -22.22% 36
East Midlands +3 67 £395 -4.24% 33
Wales +6 46 £381 -10.29% 16
Northern Ireland +10 17 £320 +21.90% 2

For the 6 months to 21 February 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Selenium also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Selenium.

1 2,137 (77.46%) Test Automation
2 1,740 (63.07%) Agile Software Development
3 1,402 (50.82%) Java
4 1,197 (43.39%) Cucumber
5 977 (35.41%) Jenkins
6 905 (32.80%) BDD
7 859 (31.13%) JavaScript
8 723 (26.21%) JIRA
9 721 (26.13%) QA
10 689 (24.97%) Scrum
11 681 (24.68%) Git (software)
12 661 (23.96%) Continuous Integration
13 660 (23.92%) WebDriver
14 659 (23.89%) C#
15 651 (23.60%) TDD
16 628 (22.76%) SQL
17 582 (21.09%) DevOps
18 528 (19.14%) Docker
19 448 (16.24%) HTML
20 433 (15.69%) CSS
21 422 (15.30%) Python
22 406 (14.72%) Microservices
23 397 (14.39%) Finance
24 386 (13.99%) .NET
25 377 (13.66%) REST
26 376 (13.63%) JMeter
27 374 (13.56%) Web Services
28 372 (13.48%) AngularJS
29 368 (13.34%) Confluence
30 347 (12.58%) SDET

Selenium
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 368 (13.34%) Confluence
2 80 (2.90%) Tomcat
3 68 (2.46%) Apache
4 64 (2.32%) WebLogic
5 63 (2.28%) Elasticsearch
6 58 (2.10%) JBoss
7 52 (1.88%) CMS
7 52 (1.88%) nginx
8 47 (1.70%) SharePoint
9 43 (1.56%) Documentum
10 37 (1.34%) Cloud Foundry
11 29 (1.05%) Gunicorn
12 21 (0.76%) Adobe Experience Manager
13 20 (0.72%) IIS
14 19 (0.69%) Mule
15 17 (0.62%) Apache Spark
16 15 (0.54%) Apache Solr
16 15 (0.54%) BizTalk Server
17 13 (0.47%) WebSphere
18 12 (0.43%) OpenStack
Applications
1 29 (1.05%) Microsoft Excel
2 6 (0.22%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 5 (0.18%) Microsoft Office
4 3 (0.11%) Microsoft Project
4 3 (0.11%) MS Visio
5 2 (0.072%) InVision
5 2 (0.072%) Photoshop
6 1 (0.036%) HipChat
6 1 (0.036%) Mingle
6 1 (0.036%) Open Workbench
Business Applications
1 50 (1.81%) Dynamics CRM
2 12 (0.43%) Sentinel
3 9 (0.33%) SAP FI-CA
3 9 (0.33%) SAP PSCD
4 7 (0.25%) SAP Hybris
5 6 (0.22%) Magento
6 5 (0.18%) Oracle Retail
7 3 (0.11%) Oracle Cash Management
7 3 (0.11%) SAP ERP
8 2 (0.072%) Oracle BPM
8 2 (0.072%) Orchard Housing
9 1 (0.036%) Dynamics NAV
9 1 (0.036%) Sonata
Cloud Services
1 318 (11.53%) Amazon AWS
2 314 (11.38%) Microsoft Azure
3 212 (7.68%) GitHub
4 107 (3.88%) BrowserStack
5 75 (2.72%) Serverless
6 64 (2.32%) Sauce Labs
7 57 (2.07%) AWS Lambda
8 56 (2.03%) Google Analytics
9 43 (1.56%) Google Cloud Platform
10 39 (1.41%) SaaS
11 38 (1.38%) PaaS
11 38 (1.38%) Slack
12 34 (1.23%) OpenShift
13 32 (1.16%) Cloud Computing
14 31 (1.12%) Dynamics 365
14 31 (1.12%) IaaS
15 26 (0.94%) npm
16 22 (0.80%) Datadog
17 21 (0.76%) Azure Functions
18 17 (0.62%) Amazon EC2
Communications & Networking
1 82 (2.97%) HTTP
2 56 (2.03%) Internet
3 45 (1.63%) SSL
3 45 (1.63%) TCP/IP
4 17 (0.62%) Firewall
5 15 (0.54%) Skype
6 12 (0.43%) AMQP
7 9 (0.33%) DSL
8 8 (0.29%) DNS
8 8 (0.29%) VPN
9 4 (0.14%) BIG-IP
9 4 (0.14%) HTTPS
10 2 (0.072%) ATM
10 2 (0.072%) SSH
10 2 (0.072%) Wireshark
11 1 (0.036%) ICMP
11 1 (0.036%) OpenLDAP
11 1 (0.036%) PuTTY
11 1 (0.036%) SMTP
11 1 (0.036%) SNMP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 187 (6.78%) SQL Server
2 184 (6.67%) MongoDB
3 159 (5.76%) MySQL
4 146 (5.29%) PostgreSQL
5 125 (4.53%) NoSQL
6 94 (3.41%) Relational Database
7 44 (1.59%) Redis
8 35 (1.27%) Couchbase
9 34 (1.23%) Big Data
10 33 (1.20%) Amazon RDS
11 31 (1.12%) RDBMS
12 28 (1.01%) Data Warehouse
13 21 (0.76%) Hadoop
14 20 (0.72%) SQL Server 2008
15 19 (0.69%) Cloudant
15 19 (0.69%) Oracle Database
15 19 (0.69%) Pentaho
16 17 (0.62%) SQL Server 2016
17 16 (0.58%) Data Mining
18 14 (0.51%) Impala
Development Applications
1 1,197 (43.39%) Cucumber
2 977 (35.41%) Jenkins
3 723 (26.21%) JIRA
4 681 (24.68%) Git (software)
5 660 (23.92%) WebDriver
6 376 (13.63%) JMeter
7 330 (11.96%) SoapUI
8 292 (10.58%) Maven
9 267 (9.68%) JUnit
10 265 (9.60%) SpecFlow
11 205 (7.43%) Gatling
12 166 (6.02%) Visual Studio Team System
13 163 (5.91%) Visual Studio
14 132 (4.78%) TeamCity
15 131 (4.75%) HP UFT
16 124 (4.49%) Protractor
17 119 (4.31%) Team Foundation Server
18 114 (4.13%) Appium
19 105 (3.81%) Gradle
20 104 (3.77%) Bitbucket
General
1 397 (14.39%) Finance
2 195 (7.07%) Banking
3 133 (4.82%) Retail
4 40 (1.45%) Marketing
5 27 (0.98%) Games
6 25 (0.91%) Advertising
6 25 (0.91%) Telecoms
7 23 (0.83%) Law
8 21 (0.76%) Back Office
8 21 (0.76%) Manufacturing
9 20 (0.72%) Investment Banking
10 16 (0.58%) Electronics
10 16 (0.58%) Financial Institution
11 15 (0.54%) Front Office
12 7 (0.25%) Automotive
13 6 (0.22%) Legal
13 6 (0.22%) Retail Banking
14 5 (0.18%) Publishing
15 4 (0.14%) Online Betting
15 4 (0.14%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 729 (26.42%) Tester
2 720 (26.10%) Developer
3 530 (19.21%) Automation Tester
4 440 (15.95%) Analyst
5 409 (14.82%) Test Analyst
6 334 (12.11%) Test Engineer
7 200 (7.25%) Automation Test Analyst
8 198 (7.18%) Developer in Test
9 192 (6.96%) Test Automation Engineer
10 189 (6.85%) Java Developer
11 185 (6.71%) Selenium Tester
12 174 (6.31%) Selenium Automation Tester
13 138 (5.00%) QA Tester
14 130 (4.71%) Java Automation Tester
15 123 (4.46%) DevOps Engineer
16 109 (3.95%) QA Engineer
17 99 (3.59%) Test Automation Developer
18 94 (3.41%) Test Leader
19 91 (3.30%) Software Developer
20 87 (3.15%) Full Stack Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 448 (16.24%) HTML
2 433 (15.69%) CSS
3 386 (13.99%) .NET
4 377 (13.66%) REST
5 374 (13.56%) Web Services
6 372 (13.48%) AngularJS
7 319 (11.56%) Gherkin
8 296 (10.73%) Node.js
9 277 (10.04%) SOAP
10 232 (8.41%) RESTful
11 219 (7.94%) HTML5
12 211 (7.65%) Spring
13 205 (7.43%) XML
14 199 (7.21%) JSON
15 172 (6.23%) React
16 148 (5.36%) jQuery
17 113 (4.10%) Jest
18 104 (3.77%) J2EE
19 96 (3.48%) Hibernate
20 95 (3.44%) Spring Boot
Miscellaneous
1 176 (6.38%) Analytical Skills
2 110 (3.99%) Greenfield Project
3 91 (3.30%) Mobile App
4 79 (2.86%) User Experience
5 63 (2.28%) Fintech
6 49 (1.78%) Self-Motivation
7 32 (1.16%) Virtual Team
8 29 (1.05%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
9 25 (0.91%) Algorithms
10 21 (0.76%) Client/Server
11 17 (0.62%) NHS
12 16 (0.58%) Data Structures
12 16 (0.58%) Linux Command Line
12 16 (0.58%) Public Cloud
13 14 (0.51%) Video on Demand
14 10 (0.36%) Enterprise Software
14 10 (0.36%) Management Information System
15 9 (0.33%) Smartphone
15 9 (0.33%) Video\Live Streaming
16 8 (0.29%) Social Media
Operating Systems
1 274 (9.93%) Linux
2 210 (7.61%) Unix
3 198 (7.18%) Windows
4 85 (3.08%) Apple iOS
5 71 (2.57%) Android
6 66 (2.39%) Ubuntu
7 30 (1.09%) Windows Server
8 24 (0.87%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 14 (0.51%) Mac OS
10 9 (0.33%) Mac OS X
10 9 (0.33%) VMS
10 9 (0.33%) Windows Server 2008
11 8 (0.29%) Solaris
12 5 (0.18%) Embedded Linux
12 5 (0.18%) Windows Server 2003
13 4 (0.14%) CentOS
13 4 (0.14%) Windows Server 2012
14 2 (0.072%) Debian
14 2 (0.072%) Windows 10
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,137 (77.46%) Test Automation
2 1,740 (63.07%) Agile Software Development
3 905 (32.80%) BDD
4 689 (24.97%) Scrum
5 661 (23.96%) Continuous Integration
6 651 (23.60%) TDD
7 582 (21.09%) DevOps
8 406 (14.72%) Microservices
9 347 (12.58%) SDET
10 303 (10.98%) API Testing
11 301 (10.91%) Test Strategy
12 296 (10.73%) Test Scripting
13 274 (9.93%) Continuous Delivery
14 266 (9.64%) Performance Testing
15 248 (8.99%) Manual Testing
16 239 (8.66%) Kanban
17 221 (8.01%) Open Source
18 220 (7.97%) Regression Testing
19 211 (7.65%) Problem-Solving
20 200 (7.25%) OO
Programming Languages
1 1,402 (50.82%) Java
2 859 (31.13%) JavaScript
3 659 (23.89%) C#
4 628 (22.76%) SQL
5 422 (15.30%) Python
6 150 (5.44%) Groovy
7 147 (5.33%) Ruby
8 134 (4.86%) Scala
9 117 (4.24%) Java 8
10 98 (3.55%) ES6
11 80 (2.90%) TypeScript
12 76 (2.75%) PHP
13 72 (2.61%) Bash Shell
14 61 (2.21%) Perl
15 53 (1.92%) Go
16 48 (1.74%) C++
17 45 (1.63%) PL/SQL
18 39 (1.41%) Haskell
19 36 (1.30%) PowerShell
20 35 (1.27%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 194 (7.03%) Security Cleared
2 164 (5.94%) ISTQB
3 141 (5.11%) SC Cleared
4 129 (4.68%) ISEB
5 102 (3.70%) Degree
6 62 (2.25%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
7 44 (1.59%) BPSS Clearance
8 42 (1.52%) Computer Science Degree
9 30 (1.09%) DV Cleared
10 24 (0.87%) DBS Check
11 11 (0.40%) Master's Degree
12 10 (0.36%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
13 5 (0.18%) CISSP
13 5 (0.18%) CTC Cleared
14 4 (0.14%) ISEB Practitioner
15 3 (0.11%) CCNA
15 3 (0.11%) Cisco Certification
15 3 (0.11%) MCSE
15 3 (0.11%) Microsoft Certification
15 3 (0.11%) SSCP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 721 (26.13%) QA
2 23 (0.83%) Data Quality
3 19 (0.69%) WCAG
4 12 (0.43%) Disclosure Scotland
5 9 (0.33%) PMO
5 9 (0.33%) SEPA
6 5 (0.18%) GDPR
7 3 (0.11%) HL7
7 3 (0.11%) SLA
8 2 (0.072%) MiFID
9 1 (0.036%) ISO 13485
9 1 (0.036%) ISO 9001
9 1 (0.036%) ISO/IEC 27001
9 1 (0.036%) Section 508
System Software
1 528 (19.14%) Docker
2 17 (0.62%) Active Directory
3 16 (0.58%) Virtual Machines
4 12 (0.43%) HDFS
5 9 (0.33%) VMware Infrastructure
6 5 (0.18%) Apache Flume
6 5 (0.18%) Hyper-V
6 5 (0.18%) vSphere
7 3 (0.11%) Virtual Servers
7 3 (0.11%) VirtualBox
8 1 (0.036%) Firmware
Systems Management
1 180 (6.52%) Puppet
2 168 (6.09%) Ansible
3 141 (5.11%) Kubernetes
4 94 (3.41%) Kibana
5 91 (3.30%) Terraform
6 82 (2.97%) Opscode Chef
7 70 (2.54%) Grafana
8 42 (1.52%) HP Quality Center
9 38 (1.38%) HP ALM
10 29 (1.05%) Nagios
11 27 (0.98%) logstash
12 22 (0.80%) CA Service Virtualization
13 20 (0.72%) Graphite
14 12 (0.43%) Rancher
15 10 (0.36%) Nessus
15 10 (0.36%) Rundeck
16 9 (0.33%) Mesos
17 8 (0.29%) Marathon
17 8 (0.29%) Packer
18 6 (0.22%) Docker Swarm
Vendors
1 246 (8.92%) Microsoft
2 214 (7.76%) Oracle
3 112 (4.06%) Atlassian
4 109 (3.95%) Google
5 84 (3.04%) Splunk
6 73 (2.65%) HP
7 51 (1.85%) IBM
8 50 (1.81%) Adobe
9 48 (1.74%) Pega
10 43 (1.56%) SAP
11 42 (1.52%) webMethods
12 38 (1.38%) Cypress Semiconductor
13 33 (1.20%) AppDynamics
14 31 (1.12%) hybris
15 28 (1.01%) New Relic
16 26 (0.94%) CA
17 23 (0.83%) CA Agile Central
18 21 (0.76%) Red Hat
19 19 (0.69%) Micro Focus
20 17 (0.62%) Perfecto Mobile