Period
to 19 June 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Selenium skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Selenium over the 6 months to 19 June 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Selenium
UK
6 months to
19 Jun 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 107 99 111
Rank change year-on-year -8 +12 +56
Contract jobs citing Selenium 2,022 2,459 2,034
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 2.23% 2.47% 2.24%
As % of the Development Applications category 11.23% 12.52% 12.88%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,347 1,618 1,286
UK median daily rate £438 £425 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.94% +6.25% +6.67%
10th Percentile £314 £306 £275
90th Percentile £560 £575 £538
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £400 £363
% change year-on-year +6.25% +10.34% +3.57%
Number of hourly rates quoted 10 15 14
UK median hourly rate £35.00 £42.50 £50.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -17.65% -15.00% +16.56%
10th Percentile £31.05 £16.03 £37.56
90th Percentile £47.63 £63.00 £74.34
UK excluding London median hourly rate £35.00 £42.50 £50.00
% change year-on-year -17.65% -15.00% +16.56%

Selenium is in the Development Applications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for development application skills.

All Development Application Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for development application skills 18,000 19,634 15,791
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 19.85% 19.69% 17.36%
Number of daily rates quoted 11,899 13,432 10,721
UK median daily rate £475 £468 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +1.60% +10.00% -
10th Percentile £332 £315 £300
90th Percentile £638 £613 £588
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £425 £400
% change year-on-year +5.88% +6.25% +6.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 297 234 319
UK median hourly rate £43.00 £42.50 £42.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +1.18% - -
10th Percentile £23.25 £26.50 £23.70
90th Percentile £53.75 £67.25 £57.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £43.00 £42.50 £42.50
% change year-on-year +1.18% - +0.54%

Selenium
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Selenium as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Selenium in the UK

Selenium
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Selenium.

Contractor daily rate trend for Selenium in the UK

Selenium
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Selenium over the 6 months to 19 June 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Selenium in the UK

Selenium
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Selenium.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Selenium in the UK

Selenium
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Selenium over the 6 months to 19 June 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Selenium in the UK

Selenium
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Selenium within the UK over the 6 months to 19 June 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -6 1,887 £438 +2.94% 212
UK excluding London -10 1,124 £425 +6.25% 148
London -16 876 £454 +0.89% 74
South East -9 355 £438 +9.38% 33
North of England +22 299 £393 +3.29% 36
South West -14 146 £425 - 27
Midlands -26 134 £400 -3.03% 21
North West +8 128 £425 +3.66% 14
Scotland -5 96 £400 - 9
West Midlands -16 96 £425 - 10
North East +62 89 £344 -27.63% 6
Yorkshire -37 82 £363 +3.57% 16
East of England -11 76 £400 -5.88% 21
East Midlands -13 34 £355 -11.25% 11
Wales -28 21 £438 +19.86% 1
Northern Ireland -6 2 £330 +25.71%

For the 6 months to 19 June 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Selenium also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Selenium.

1 1,581 (78.19%) Test Automation
2 1,229 (60.78%) Agile Software Development
3 961 (47.53%) Java
4 940 (46.49%) Cucumber
5 698 (34.52%) Jenkins
6 596 (29.48%) BDD
7 585 (28.93%) JavaScript
8 529 (26.16%) Scrum
9 525 (25.96%) QA
10 524 (25.91%) JIRA
11 491 (24.28%) SQL
12 478 (23.64%) Git (software)
13 471 (23.29%) C#
14 458 (22.65%) TDD
15 432 (21.36%) DevOps
16 417 (20.62%) WebDriver
17 404 (19.98%) Continuous Integration
18 319 (15.78%) Web Services
19 289 (14.29%) Docker
20 284 (14.05%) Python
20 284 (14.05%) HTML
21 277 (13.70%) Test Scripting
22 275 (13.60%) JMeter
23 267 (13.20%) Finance
23 267 (13.20%) .NET
24 262 (12.96%) Microsoft Azure
25 254 (12.56%) Gherkin
26 252 (12.46%) SpecFlow
27 246 (12.17%) REST
28 243 (12.02%) CSS

Selenium
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 237 (11.72%) Confluence
2 58 (2.87%) Apache
3 50 (2.47%) Elasticsearch
4 49 (2.42%) Tomcat
5 41 (2.03%) WebLogic
6 35 (1.73%) JBoss
7 34 (1.68%) CMS
8 29 (1.43%) WebSphere
9 28 (1.38%) nginx
10 27 (1.34%) Adobe Experience Manager
11 21 (1.04%) Apache Solr
11 21 (1.04%) Documentum
12 19 (0.94%) Cloud Foundry
12 19 (0.94%) SharePoint
13 18 (0.89%) Mule
14 14 (0.69%) IIS
15 13 (0.64%) Apache Spark
16 10 (0.49%) Drupal
17 9 (0.45%) Magnolia
18 7 (0.35%) MQSeries
Applications
1 23 (1.14%) Microsoft Excel
2 5 (0.25%) Microsoft Office
3 2 (0.099%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 2 (0.099%) Microsoft Project
4 1 (0.049%) Chatbot
Business Applications
1 28 (1.38%) Dynamics CRM
2 13 (0.64%) Magento
2 13 (0.64%) Salesforce.com CRM
3 5 (0.25%) SAP Hybris
4 4 (0.20%) Fredhopper
4 4 (0.20%) Oracle BPM
4 4 (0.20%) SAP FI-CA
4 4 (0.20%) SAP PSCD
5 3 (0.15%) SAP Oil and Gas
5 3 (0.15%) Sentinel
6 2 (0.099%) Oracle Cash Management
7 1 (0.049%) Dynamics NAV
7 1 (0.049%) SAP S/4HANA
Cloud Services
1 262 (12.96%) Microsoft Azure
2 208 (10.29%) Amazon AWS
3 132 (6.53%) GitHub
4 76 (3.76%) Sauce Labs
5 70 (3.46%) BrowserStack
6 60 (2.97%) Serverless
7 56 (2.77%) Google Cloud Platform
8 33 (1.63%) SaaS
9 31 (1.53%) AWS Lambda
10 27 (1.34%) Amazon EC2
11 24 (1.19%) PaaS
12 23 (1.14%) Amazon S3
13 21 (1.04%) Amazon ECS
14 19 (0.94%) IaaS
14 19 (0.94%) npm
15 18 (0.89%) Google Analytics
15 18 (0.89%) Salesforce Service Cloud
15 18 (0.89%) Slack
16 17 (0.84%) Dynamics 365
16 17 (0.84%) Google App Engine
Communications & Networking
1 50 (2.47%) HTTP
2 30 (1.48%) Internet
3 24 (1.19%) TCP/IP
4 23 (1.14%) SSL
5 13 (0.64%) AMQP
6 10 (0.49%) DSL
7 9 (0.45%) SSH
8 6 (0.30%) SNMP
9 5 (0.25%) ATM
9 5 (0.25%) DNS
10 4 (0.20%) Skype
11 3 (0.15%) HTTPS
11 3 (0.15%) Intranet
11 3 (0.15%) Kerberos
12 2 (0.099%) BIG-IP
12 2 (0.099%) MQTT
13 1 (0.049%) ADSL2+
13 1 (0.049%) Cisco IOS
13 1 (0.049%) SMTP
13 1 (0.049%) VDSL2
Database & Business Intelligence
1 171 (8.46%) SQL Server
2 120 (5.93%) MongoDB
3 93 (4.60%) MySQL
4 69 (3.41%) Relational Database
5 58 (2.87%) NoSQL
6 54 (2.67%) PostgreSQL
7 53 (2.62%) Data Warehouse
8 43 (2.13%) Big Data
9 30 (1.48%) Redis
10 22 (1.09%) DB2
11 21 (1.04%) RDBMS
12 20 (0.99%) Cosmos DB
13 18 (0.89%) Hadoop
14 16 (0.79%) Azure SQL Database
15 15 (0.74%) Amazon DynamoDB
15 15 (0.74%) Oracle Database
16 14 (0.69%) Couchbase
16 14 (0.69%) SQL Server 2012
17 11 (0.54%) Pentaho
18 10 (0.49%) Apache Cassandra
Development Applications
1 940 (46.49%) Cucumber
2 698 (34.52%) Jenkins
3 524 (25.91%) JIRA
4 478 (23.64%) Git (software)
5 417 (20.62%) WebDriver
6 275 (13.60%) JMeter
7 252 (12.46%) SpecFlow
8 223 (11.03%) SoapUI
9 205 (10.14%) Maven
10 173 (8.56%) JUnit
11 129 (6.38%) Visual Studio
12 112 (5.54%) Appium
13 103 (5.09%) TeamCity
14 100 (4.95%) Visual Studio Team System
15 91 (4.50%) Gatling
16 89 (4.40%) Team Foundation Server
17 75 (3.71%) LoadRunner
18 74 (3.66%) Eclipse
19 73 (3.61%) Bitbucket
20 69 (3.41%) HP UFT
General
1 267 (13.20%) Finance
2 121 (5.98%) Banking
3 90 (4.45%) Retail
4 43 (2.13%) Marketing
5 22 (1.09%) Telecoms
6 21 (1.04%) Manufacturing
7 19 (0.94%) Back Office
8 18 (0.89%) Advertising
8 18 (0.89%) Games
9 17 (0.84%) Financial Institution
9 17 (0.84%) Front Office
10 16 (0.79%) Investment Banking
11 14 (0.69%) Electronics
12 12 (0.59%) Automotive
12 12 (0.59%) Retail Banking
13 11 (0.54%) Law
14 6 (0.30%) Legal
15 4 (0.20%) Pharmaceutical
16 2 (0.099%) Aerospace
16 2 (0.099%) International Banking
Job Titles
1 541 (26.76%) Tester
2 520 (25.72%) Developer
3 390 (19.29%) Automation Tester
4 346 (17.11%) Analyst
5 318 (15.73%) Test Analyst
6 243 (12.02%) Test Engineer
7 150 (7.42%) Test Automation Engineer
8 149 (7.37%) Automation Test Analyst
9 131 (6.48%) Developer in Test
10 124 (6.13%) Java Developer
11 101 (5.00%) QA Engineer
12 86 (4.25%) Selenium Tester
13 82 (4.06%) QA Tester
14 80 (3.96%) Selenium Automation Tester
15 78 (3.86%) Test Automation Developer
16 71 (3.51%) Full Stack Developer
17 69 (3.41%) Software Developer
18 67 (3.31%) Java Automation Tester
19 65 (3.21%) DevOps Engineer
20 61 (3.02%) Automation Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 319 (15.78%) Web Services
2 284 (14.05%) HTML
3 267 (13.20%) .NET
4 254 (12.56%) Gherkin
5 246 (12.17%) REST
6 243 (12.02%) CSS
7 227 (11.23%) AngularJS
8 202 (9.99%) SOAP
9 196 (9.69%) Spring
10 194 (9.59%) RESTful
11 193 (9.55%) Node.js
12 144 (7.12%) XML
13 140 (6.92%) React
14 133 (6.58%) JSON
15 124 (6.13%) HTML5
16 98 (4.85%) Spring Boot
17 90 (4.45%) jQuery
18 77 (3.81%) Redux
19 72 (3.56%) Hibernate
20 66 (3.26%) Jest
Miscellaneous
1 148 (7.32%) Analytical Skills
2 103 (5.09%) Mobile App
3 102 (5.04%) User Experience
4 50 (2.47%) Greenfield Project
5 39 (1.93%) Self-Motivation
6 27 (1.34%) Virtual Team
7 25 (1.24%) Algorithms
8 19 (0.94%) Enterprise Software
9 18 (0.89%) NHS
10 17 (0.84%) Linux Command Line
10 17 (0.84%) Wiki
11 15 (0.74%) Client/Server
11 15 (0.74%) Video on Demand
12 14 (0.69%) Data Structures
13 12 (0.59%) Public Cloud
14 11 (0.54%) Mainframe
15 10 (0.49%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
16 9 (0.45%) Cloud Native
16 9 (0.45%) Data Protection Act
16 9 (0.45%) Video\Live Streaming
Operating Systems
1 159 (7.86%) Linux
2 130 (6.43%) Unix
3 120 (5.93%) Windows
4 60 (2.97%) Android
5 59 (2.92%) Apple iOS
6 39 (1.93%) Ubuntu
7 18 (0.89%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 11 (0.54%) Mac OS X
9 10 (0.49%) Mac OS
9 10 (0.49%) Windows Server
10 4 (0.20%) CentOS
11 3 (0.15%) Windows 10
12 2 (0.099%) AIX
12 2 (0.099%) Windows Server 2003
12 2 (0.099%) Windows Server 2008
13 1 (0.049%) MVS
13 1 (0.049%) zOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,581 (78.19%) Test Automation
2 1,229 (60.78%) Agile Software Development
3 596 (29.48%) BDD
4 529 (26.16%) Scrum
5 458 (22.65%) TDD
6 432 (21.36%) DevOps
7 404 (19.98%) Continuous Integration
8 277 (13.70%) Test Scripting
9 228 (11.28%) SDET
10 226 (11.18%) Test Strategy
11 225 (11.13%) Microservices
12 200 (9.89%) Performance Testing
13 199 (9.84%) API Testing
14 196 (9.69%) Kanban
15 188 (9.30%) Manual Testing
16 179 (8.85%) Problem-Solving
17 168 (8.31%) Regression Testing
18 167 (8.26%) Continuous Delivery
19 150 (7.42%) SDLC
20 148 (7.32%) Functional Testing
Programming Languages
1 961 (47.53%) Java
2 585 (28.93%) JavaScript
3 491 (24.28%) SQL
4 471 (23.29%) C#
5 284 (14.05%) Python
6 95 (4.70%) Java 8
7 84 (4.15%) Ruby
8 73 (3.61%) Scala
9 69 (3.41%) Groovy
10 68 (3.36%) PowerShell
11 62 (3.07%) ES6
12 52 (2.57%) TypeScript
13 47 (2.32%) PHP
14 44 (2.18%) Perl
15 42 (2.08%) Bash Shell
16 37 (1.83%) PL/SQL
17 36 (1.78%) T-SQL
18 30 (1.48%) C++
19 24 (1.19%) C
19 24 (1.19%) Go
Qualifications
1 178 (8.80%) Security Cleared
2 154 (7.62%) ISTQB
3 128 (6.33%) ISEB
4 118 (5.84%) SC Cleared
5 64 (3.17%) Degree
6 61 (3.02%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
7 36 (1.78%) DV Cleared
8 31 (1.53%) BPSS Clearance
9 27 (1.34%) Computer Science Degree
10 12 (0.59%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
11 11 (0.54%) CTC Cleared
12 7 (0.35%) DBS Check
13 4 (0.20%) ISEB Practitioner
14 3 (0.15%) AWS Certification
15 2 (0.099%) HP APS
15 2 (0.099%) ITIL Certification
16 1 (0.049%) BC Cleared
16 1 (0.049%) Master's Degree
16 1 (0.049%) Microsoft Certification
16 1 (0.049%) PRINCE2 Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 525 (25.96%) QA
2 9 (0.45%) Data Quality
2 9 (0.45%) WCAG
3 8 (0.40%) GDPR
3 8 (0.40%) SEPA
4 6 (0.30%) HL7
5 4 (0.20%) Disclosure Scotland
6 3 (0.15%) PSD2
7 2 (0.099%) PMBOK
8 1 (0.049%) ISO 9001
8 1 (0.049%) PCI DSS
8 1 (0.049%) PMO
8 1 (0.049%) Section 508
8 1 (0.049%) SLA
System Software
1 289 (14.29%) Docker
2 16 (0.79%) Active Directory
3 11 (0.54%) Virtual Machines
4 7 (0.35%) HDFS
5 6 (0.30%) RACF
6 5 (0.25%) VirtualBox
7 4 (0.20%) Apache Flume
8 3 (0.15%) Active Directory Lightweight Directory Services
8 3 (0.15%) VMware Infrastructure
9 1 (0.049%) Firmware
9 1 (0.049%) Hyper-V
9 1 (0.049%) Postfix
9 1 (0.049%) Time Sharing Option
9 1 (0.049%) Virtual Servers
9 1 (0.049%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 102 (5.04%) Kubernetes
2 79 (3.91%) Ansible
3 77 (3.81%) Puppet
4 52 (2.57%) Opscode Chef
5 46 (2.27%) Terraform
6 35 (1.73%) HP Quality Center
6 35 (1.73%) Kibana
7 26 (1.29%) HP ALM
8 22 (1.09%) Grafana
9 20 (0.99%) CA Service Virtualization
10 13 (0.64%) Nagios
11 10 (0.49%) Rundeck
12 7 (0.35%) Marathon
12 7 (0.35%) Mesos
13 6 (0.30%) Docker Swarm
13 6 (0.30%) Hadoop YARN
13 6 (0.30%) Rancher
14 5 (0.25%) logstash
14 5 (0.25%) SCCM
15 4 (0.20%) Nessus
Vendors
1 175 (8.65%) Oracle
2 158 (7.81%) Microsoft
3 82 (4.06%) HP
4 72 (3.56%) Atlassian
5 63 (3.12%) Google
6 51 (2.52%) Cypress Semiconductor
7 50 (2.47%) IBM
8 47 (2.32%) Splunk
9 39 (1.93%) Adobe
10 38 (1.88%) Salesforce.com
10 38 (1.88%) SAP
11 30 (1.48%) MuleSoft
12 26 (1.29%) hybris
13 23 (1.14%) Pega
13 23 (1.14%) webMethods
14 22 (1.09%) CA
15 20 (0.99%) AppDynamics
16 17 (0.84%) Twitter
17 14 (0.69%) Facebook
17 14 (0.69%) Netezza