Period
to 3 August 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in Wales with a requirement for Linux skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Linux over the 6 months to 3 August 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Linux
UK > Wales
6 months to
3 Aug 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 16 20 17
Rank change year-on-year +4 -3 +2
Permanent jobs citing Linux 116 160 208
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in Wales 10.65% 8.92% 10.73%
As % of the Operating Systems category 51.10% 42.78% 46.22%
Number of salaries quoted 103 131 185
Median annual salary £40,000 £42,000 £40,210
Median salary % change year-on-year -4.76% +4.45% +0.52%
10th Percentile £28,750 £25,250 £27,350
90th Percentile £50,000 £56,250 £59,000
UK median annual salary £55,000 £55,000 £52,500
% change year-on-year - +4.76% +5.00%

Linux is in the Operating Systems category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in Wales with a requirement for operating system skills.

All Operating Systems
Wales
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills 227 374 450
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in Wales 20.84% 20.86% 23.21%
Number of salaries quoted 193 317 377
Median annual salary £37,500 £37,500 £38,500
Median salary % change year-on-year - -2.60% +2.67%
10th Percentile £22,000 £22,000 £22,000
90th Percentile £49,900 £52,500 £54,844
UK median annual salary £50,000 £46,000 £47,500
% change year-on-year +8.70% -3.16% +5.56%

Linux
Job Vacancy Trend in Wales

Job postings citing Linux as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in Wales.

Job vacancy trend for Linux in Wales

Linux
Salary Trend in Wales

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Linux in Wales.

Salary trend for Linux in Wales

Linux
Salary Histogram in Wales

Salary distribution for jobs citing Linux in Wales over the 6 months to 3 August 2020.

Salary histogram for Linux in Wales

Linux
Job Locations in Wales

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Linux within the Wales region over the 6 months to 3 August 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
South Wales +2 97 £40,000 -4.76% 11
West Wales +4 12 £37,500 -16.67% 2
North Wales +5 5 - - 5
Mid Wales +4 1 £55,000 -
Linux
UK

For the 6 months to 3 August 2020, IT jobs citing Linux also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the Wales region with a requirement for Linux.

1 71 (61.21%) Windows
2 41 (35.34%) VMware
3 38 (32.76%) Bash Shell
4 35 (30.17%) VMware Infrastructure
4 35 (30.17%) Azure
5 34 (29.31%) Microsoft
6 32 (27.59%) Active Directory
7 30 (25.86%) PowerShell
7 30 (25.86%) DevOps
8 29 (25.00%) AWS
9 28 (24.14%) DNS
9 28 (24.14%) Web Services
9 28 (24.14%) Finance
9 28 (24.14%) Advertising
9 28 (24.14%) Firewall
10 27 (23.28%) Kubernetes
11 22 (18.97%) Cybersecurity
11 22 (18.97%) ITIL
12 21 (18.10%) Office 365
13 20 (17.24%) Agile Software Development
13 20 (17.24%) WebSphere
13 20 (17.24%) Degree
13 20 (17.24%) Information Security
13 20 (17.24%) Shell Script
13 20 (17.24%) Security Operations
14 19 (16.38%) SQL
14 19 (16.38%) IBM
14 19 (16.38%) JIRA
14 19 (16.38%) Confluence
15 18 (15.52%) Tomcat

Linux
Co-occurring IT Skills in Wales by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 20 (17.24%) WebSphere
2 19 (16.38%) Confluence
3 18 (15.52%) Tomcat
4 13 (11.21%) JBoss
5 8 (6.90%) MS Exchange
6 6 (5.17%) OpenStack
6 6 (5.17%) SharePoint
7 5 (4.31%) WebSphere Application Server
8 4 (3.45%) Apache
9 2 (1.72%) Elasticsearch
9 2 (1.72%) IIS
10 1 (0.86%) Drupal
10 1 (0.86%) IBM HTTP Server
10 1 (0.86%) nginx
Applications
1 9 (7.76%) MS Visio
2 4 (3.45%) Microsoft PowerPoint
Business Applications
1 14 (12.07%) Sentinel
Cloud Services
1 35 (30.17%) Azure
2 29 (25.00%) AWS
3 21 (18.10%) Office 365
4 14 (12.07%) Logic Apps
5 12 (10.34%) OpenShift
5 12 (10.34%) PaaS
6 5 (4.31%) Cloud Computing
6 5 (4.31%) IaaS
6 5 (4.31%) SaaS
6 5 (4.31%) Slack
7 3 (2.59%) OneDrive
8 2 (1.72%) GCP
8 2 (1.72%) npm
9 1 (0.86%) Amazon EC2
9 1 (0.86%) AWS CloudFormation
Communications & Networking
1 28 (24.14%) DNS
1 28 (24.14%) Firewall
2 17 (14.66%) TCP/IP
3 16 (13.79%) VPN
4 14 (12.07%) DKIM
4 14 (12.07%) DMARC
4 14 (12.07%) Wireshark
5 12 (10.34%) DHCP
5 12 (10.34%) LAN
5 12 (10.34%) VoIP
6 9 (7.76%) WAN
7 6 (5.17%) BGP
7 6 (5.17%) F5 BIG-IP LTM
7 6 (5.17%) OSPF
8 5 (4.31%) FTP
8 5 (4.31%) Network Security
8 5 (4.31%) SSH
8 5 (4.31%) SSL
9 2 (1.72%) Wireless
10 1 (0.86%) HTTP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 16 (13.79%) MySQL
2 10 (8.62%) SQL Server
3 9 (7.76%) PostgreSQL
4 8 (6.90%) DB2
4 8 (6.90%) Hadoop
5 7 (6.03%) GIS
6 2 (1.72%) MongoDB
6 2 (1.72%) Oracle Database
6 2 (1.72%) Relational Database
7 1 (0.86%) Big Data
7 1 (0.86%) HPCC
7 1 (0.86%) NoSQL
Development Applications
1 19 (16.38%) JIRA
2 14 (12.07%) Git (software)
2 14 (12.07%) Metasploit
2 14 (12.07%) Selenium
3 10 (8.62%) Jenkins
4 5 (4.31%) Visual Studio
5 3 (2.59%) Cucumber
6 2 (1.72%) JUnit
6 2 (1.72%) Maven
6 2 (1.72%) TestNG
7 1 (0.86%) GitLab
7 1 (0.86%) Octopus Deploy
7 1 (0.86%) PhpStorm
7 1 (0.86%) TeamCity
7 1 (0.86%) Vagrant
7 1 (0.86%) Xdebug
General
1 28 (24.14%) Advertising
1 28 (24.14%) Finance
2 14 (12.07%) Manufacturing
3 13 (11.21%) Games
4 5 (4.31%) Retail
5 2 (1.72%) Law
6 1 (0.86%) Financial Institution
Job Titles
1 21 (18.10%) Analyst
1 21 (18.10%) Security Analyst
1 21 (18.10%) Systems Administrator
2 17 (14.66%) Administrator
3 12 (10.34%) Developer
4 11 (9.48%) Consultant
4 11 (9.48%) DevOps Engineer
4 11 (9.48%) Junior
5 9 (7.76%) Linux Engineer
5 9 (7.76%) Linux Systems Administrator
5 9 (7.76%) Senior Systems Administrator
6 8 (6.90%) C++ Developer
6 8 (6.90%) Release Engineer
7 7 (6.03%) Junior C++ Developer
7 7 (6.03%) Junior Developer
7 7 (6.03%) Technical Consultant
8 6 (5.17%) IT Operations Analyst
8 6 (5.17%) Middleware Administrator
8 6 (5.17%) Operations Analyst
8 6 (5.17%) Security Operations Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 28 (24.14%) Web Services
2 16 (13.79%) Middleware
3 7 (6.03%) DirectX
3 7 (6.03%) OpenGL
3 7 (6.03%) Qt
3 7 (6.03%) REST
4 5 (4.31%) Laravel
4 5 (4.31%) SOAP
4 5 (4.31%) WSDL
5 3 (2.59%) AngularJS
5 3 (2.59%) LAMP
5 3 (2.59%) Symfony
6 2 (1.72%) CakePHP
6 2 (1.72%) HTML
6 2 (1.72%) Vue.js
7 1 (0.86%) CSS
7 1 (0.86%) JSON
7 1 (0.86%) LEMP Stack
7 1 (0.86%) RESTful
7 1 (0.86%) WebSphere MQ
Miscellaneous
1 14 (12.07%) Cyberthreat
1 14 (12.07%) Security Operations Centre
2 11 (9.48%) Public Cloud
3 7 (6.03%) Management Information System
4 6 (5.17%) Cloud Native
4 6 (5.17%) iSeries
4 6 (5.17%) PKI
5 5 (4.31%) Clustering
5 5 (4.31%) Data Centre
5 5 (4.31%) Linux Command Line
6 4 (3.45%) Analytical Skills
7 3 (2.59%) Driving Licence
8 1 (0.86%) Greenfield Project
8 1 (0.86%) Mobile App
8 1 (0.86%) User Experience
Operating Systems
1 71 (61.21%) Windows
2 15 (12.93%) Windows Server
3 14 (12.07%) Kali Linux
4 12 (10.34%) OS/400
5 10 (8.62%) Unix
6 9 (7.76%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 9 (7.76%) VyOS
7 8 (6.90%) Android
7 8 (6.90%) Apple iOS
8 7 (6.03%) Mac OS
9 6 (5.17%) CentOS
9 6 (5.17%) Ubuntu
10 5 (4.31%) SUSE
11 1 (0.86%) AIX
11 1 (0.86%) Solaris
11 1 (0.86%) Windows 10
11 1 (0.86%) Windows Server 2008
Processes & Methodologies
1 30 (25.86%) DevOps
2 22 (18.97%) Cybersecurity
2 22 (18.97%) ITIL
3 20 (17.24%) Agile Software Development
3 20 (17.24%) Information Security
3 20 (17.24%) Security Operations
4 16 (13.79%) Disaster Recovery
4 16 (13.79%) High Availability
5 14 (12.07%) Analytics
5 14 (12.07%) Cyber Intelligence
5 14 (12.07%) Cyber Threat Intelligence
5 14 (12.07%) Data Privacy
5 14 (12.07%) Database Security
5 14 (12.07%) Ethical Hacking
5 14 (12.07%) Penetration Testing
5 14 (12.07%) Project Management
5 14 (12.07%) Reverse Engineering
5 14 (12.07%) Security Testing
5 14 (12.07%) SIEM
5 14 (12.07%) Vulnerability Scanning
Programming Languages
1 38 (32.76%) Bash Shell
2 30 (25.86%) PowerShell
3 20 (17.24%) Shell Script
4 19 (16.38%) SQL
5 17 (14.66%) Python
6 16 (13.79%) Perl
7 10 (8.62%) C#
7 10 (8.62%) Java
8 8 (6.90%) C++
8 8 (6.90%) PHP
9 7 (6.03%) JavaScript
10 1 (0.86%) ES6
10 1 (0.86%) Ruby
Qualifications
1 20 (17.24%) Degree
2 14 (12.07%) CREST Certified
2 14 (12.07%) GCIA
2 14 (12.07%) GCIH
2 14 (12.07%) SANS
3 7 (6.03%) IBM Certification
3 7 (6.03%) Microsoft Certification
4 6 (5.17%) CCNA
4 6 (5.17%) Cisco Certification
5 4 (3.45%) ITIL Certification
6 2 (1.72%) Security Cleared
7 1 (0.86%) Computer Science Degree
7 1 (0.86%) DV Cleared
7 1 (0.86%) Master's Degree
7 1 (0.86%) MBA
7 1 (0.86%) MCDST
7 1 (0.86%) PRINCE2 Certification
7 1 (0.86%) SC Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 14 (12.07%) HMG Security Policy Framework
2 8 (6.90%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 2 (1.72%) SLA
4 1 (0.86%) QA
System Software
1 35 (30.17%) VMware Infrastructure
2 32 (27.59%) Active Directory
3 15 (12.93%) Docker
4 14 (12.07%) Snort
5 4 (3.45%) VMware ESXi
5 4 (3.45%) vSphere
6 2 (1.72%) KVM
7 1 (0.86%) Firmware
7 1 (0.86%) Microsoft Virtual Server
7 1 (0.86%) Squid
7 1 (0.86%) Virtual Desktop
7 1 (0.86%) Virtual Machines
7 1 (0.86%) Virtual Servers
7 1 (0.86%) XenApp
Systems Management
1 27 (23.28%) Kubernetes
2 18 (15.52%) Ansible
3 11 (9.48%) SCCM
4 6 (5.17%) Opscode Chef
5 3 (2.59%) Nessus
6 2 (1.72%) Grafana
6 2 (1.72%) Prometheus
6 2 (1.72%) Proxmox
6 2 (1.72%) Terraform
7 1 (0.86%) Puppet
7 1 (0.86%) Salt
Vendors
1 41 (35.34%) VMware
2 34 (29.31%) Microsoft
3 19 (16.38%) IBM
4 16 (13.79%) Red Hat
5 13 (11.21%) Cisco
6 12 (10.34%) Extreme Networks
7 9 (7.76%) Brocade
7 9 (7.76%) CheckPoint
7 9 (7.76%) F5
7 9 (7.76%) Juniper
7 9 (7.76%) SolarWinds
7 9 (7.76%) Vyatta
8 6 (5.17%) Avaya
8 6 (5.17%) CA
8 6 (5.17%) Rapid7
9 3 (2.59%) Atlassian
10 2 (1.72%) Dell
10 2 (1.72%) Fortinet
10 2 (1.72%) HP
10 2 (1.72%) Zend