Period
to 18 September 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in Wales with a requirement for Linux skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Linux over the 6 months to 18 September 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Linux
UK > Wales
6 months to
18 Sep 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 21 15 17
Rank change year-on-year -6 +2 +4
Permanent jobs citing Linux 169 224 239
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in Wales 8.85% 11.35% 11.71%
As % of the Operating Systems category 43.44% 46.47% 45.87%
Number of salaries quoted 137 199 220
Wales median annual salary £42,000 £40,210 £40,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.45% +0.52% -
10th Percentile £26,800 £27,500 £27,500
90th Percentile £56,250 £58,356 £57,500
UK median annual salary £53,000 £52,500 £50,000
% change year-on-year +0.95% +5.00% -

Linux is in the Operating Systems category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in Wales with a requirement for operating system skills.

All Operating Systems
Wales
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills 389 482 521
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in Wales 20.38% 24.43% 25.53%
Number of salaries quoted 323 416 483
Wales median annual salary £38,000 £37,500 £38,750
Median salary % change year-on-year +1.33% -3.23% +6.38%
10th Percentile £22,000 £22,000 £22,500
90th Percentile £52,500 £55,000 £57,500
UK median annual salary £45,000 £47,500 £45,000
% change year-on-year -5.26% +5.56% -

Linux
Job Vacancy Trend in Wales

Job postings citing Linux as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in Wales.

Job vacancy trend for Linux in Wales

Linux
Salary Trend in Wales

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Linux in Wales.

Salary trend for Linux in Wales

Linux
Salary Histogram in Wales

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Linux in Wales over the 6 months to 18 September 2019.

Salary histogram for Linux in Wales

Linux
Job Locations in Wales

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Linux within the Wales region over the 6 months to 18 September 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
South Wales -4 153 £42,000 -1.18% 38
West Wales -13 8 £48,750 +21.24% 4
North Wales +5 5 £21,750 -46.95%
Mid Wales - 3 - - 1
Linux
UK

For the 6 months to 18 September 2019, IT jobs citing Linux also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the Wales region with a requirement for Linux.

1 78 (46.15%) Windows
2 66 (39.05%) Python
3 49 (28.99%) VMware
4 43 (25.44%) Windows Server
5 42 (24.85%) AWS
5 42 (24.85%) Microsoft
6 41 (24.26%) ITIL
7 40 (23.67%) IBM
8 39 (23.08%) Java
9 38 (22.49%) Git (software)
10 36 (21.30%) DevOps
11 33 (19.53%) VMware Infrastructure
12 32 (18.93%) WebSphere
13 31 (18.34%) Agile Software Development
14 29 (17.16%) Azure
15 28 (16.57%) Jenkins
15 28 (16.57%) Bash Shell
15 28 (16.57%) Ansible
16 27 (15.98%) SQL
16 27 (15.98%) DNS
17 26 (15.38%) Active Directory
18 25 (14.79%) Red Hat
18 25 (14.79%) Degree
18 25 (14.79%) Infrastructure Engineering
19 24 (14.20%) Advertising
19 24 (14.20%) HTTP
20 23 (13.61%) Unix
20 23 (13.61%) Problem-Solving
21 22 (13.02%) Web Services
21 22 (13.02%) Shell Script

Linux
Co-occurring IT Skills in Wales by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 32 (18.93%) WebSphere
2 17 (10.06%) IBM HTTP Server
2 17 (10.06%) Tomcat
3 12 (7.10%) Apache
4 9 (5.33%) MS Exchange
5 8 (4.73%) Apache Airflow
6 5 (2.96%) JBoss
6 5 (2.96%) nginx
7 4 (2.37%) Drupal
7 4 (2.37%) WordPress
8 3 (1.78%) CMS
9 2 (1.18%) Confluence
9 2 (1.18%) Elasticsearch
9 2 (1.18%) Jetty
9 2 (1.18%) OpenStack
9 2 (1.18%) SAS
10 1 (0.59%) Cloud Foundry
10 1 (0.59%) Exchange Server 2007
10 1 (0.59%) Exchange Server 2010
10 1 (0.59%) Exchange Server 2013
Business Applications
1 3 (1.78%) Magento
2 2 (1.18%) Shopify
3 1 (0.59%) assyst
3 1 (0.59%) NetSuite
3 1 (0.59%) SAP S/4HANA
Cloud Services
1 42 (24.85%) AWS
2 29 (17.16%) Azure
3 16 (9.47%) GCP
3 16 (9.47%) GitHub
4 8 (4.73%) Cloud Computing
5 7 (4.14%) AWS CloudFormation
6 4 (2.37%) Amazon EC2
6 4 (2.37%) Office 365
7 2 (1.18%) Amazon ElastiCache
7 2 (1.18%) Amazon S3
7 2 (1.18%) Azure ExpressRoute
7 2 (1.18%) IaaS
7 2 (1.18%) Power Platform
7 2 (1.18%) SaaS
7 2 (1.18%) Serverless
8 1 (0.59%) Amazon ELB
8 1 (0.59%) Virtual Private Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 27 (15.98%) DNS
2 24 (14.20%) HTTP
3 16 (9.47%) TCP/IP
4 11 (6.51%) Firewall
4 11 (6.51%) SAN
4 11 (6.51%) SMTP
5 10 (5.92%) DHCP
6 8 (4.73%) Internet
6 8 (4.73%) LAN
7 5 (2.96%) HTTPS
7 5 (2.96%) SNMP
7 5 (2.96%) VPN
8 4 (2.37%) Network Security
8 4 (2.37%) WAN
8 4 (2.37%) Wi-Fi
9 3 (1.78%) FTP
9 3 (1.78%) IP Telephony
9 3 (1.78%) SSH
9 3 (1.78%) SSL
10 1 (0.59%) Intranet
Database & Business Intelligence
1 16 (9.47%) Relational Database
1 16 (9.47%) SQL Server
2 15 (8.88%) MySQL
3 13 (7.69%) DB2
3 13 (7.69%) Informix
4 10 (5.92%) Big Data
5 7 (4.14%) MongoDB
6 4 (2.37%) GIS
6 4 (2.37%) NoSQL
7 2 (1.18%) Azure SQL Database
7 2 (1.18%) InfluxDB
7 2 (1.18%) Neo4j
7 2 (1.18%) Power BI
7 2 (1.18%) Redis
8 1 (0.59%) Cognos Framework Manager
8 1 (0.59%) Cognos Report Studio
8 1 (0.59%) Cognos Transformer
8 1 (0.59%) Oracle Database
8 1 (0.59%) Oracle Database 10g
8 1 (0.59%) RDBMS
Development Applications
1 38 (22.49%) Git (software)
2 28 (16.57%) Jenkins
3 8 (4.73%) JIRA
4 3 (1.78%) GitLab
4 3 (1.78%) Selenium
4 3 (1.78%) TeamCity
5 2 (1.18%) Atlassian Bamboo
5 2 (1.18%) Eclipse
5 2 (1.18%) Vagrant
5 2 (1.18%) webpack
6 1 (0.59%) JMeter
6 1 (0.59%) Maven
6 1 (0.59%) Oracle Forms
6 1 (0.59%) Sonatype Nexus
6 1 (0.59%) Visual Studio
6 1 (0.59%) Xdebug
General
1 24 (14.20%) Advertising
2 22 (13.02%) Finance
3 6 (3.55%) Public Sector
3 6 (3.55%) Publishing
4 5 (2.96%) Games
5 4 (2.37%) Welsh Language
6 3 (1.78%) Environmental Health
6 3 (1.78%) Financial Institution
7 2 (1.18%) Banking
7 2 (1.18%) Retail
8 1 (0.59%) Legal
8 1 (0.59%) Local Government
8 1 (0.59%) Marketing
Job Titles
1 41 (24.26%) Developer
2 28 (16.57%) Consultant
2 28 (16.57%) Technical Consultant
3 25 (14.79%) Linux Engineer
4 17 (10.06%) DevOps Engineer
5 16 (9.47%) Support Consultant
5 16 (9.47%) Technical Support Consultant
6 14 (8.28%) Linux Support
6 14 (8.28%) Technical Support
7 13 (7.69%) Python Developer
8 12 (7.10%) Cloud Engineer
8 12 (7.10%) Infrastructure Engineer
8 12 (7.10%) Java Developer
9 11 (6.51%) Analyst
9 11 (6.51%) AWS Engineer
10 9 (5.33%) 3rd Line Support
10 9 (5.33%) Middleware Consultant
11 8 (4.73%) 3rd Line Technical Support
11 8 (4.73%) AIX Consultant
11 8 (4.73%) Operations Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 22 (13.02%) Web Services
2 17 (10.06%) Middleware
3 13 (7.69%) Hibernate
3 13 (7.69%) HTML
3 13 (7.69%) J2EE
3 13 (7.69%) Spring
3 13 (7.69%) TensorFlow
4 12 (7.10%) LAMP
5 10 (5.92%) CSS
5 10 (5.92%) Flask
6 8 (4.73%) Pandas
7 7 (4.14%) AngularJS
7 7 (4.14%) JSON
7 7 (4.14%) React
8 6 (3.55%) Laravel
9 5 (2.96%) Kafka
9 5 (2.96%) Node.js
9 5 (2.96%) Qt
9 5 (2.96%) REST
9 5 (2.96%) Sass
Miscellaneous
1 19 (11.24%) Analytical Skills
2 17 (10.06%) iSeries
3 16 (9.47%) Enterprise Software
4 9 (5.33%) Data Centre
5 8 (4.73%) Enterprise Cloud
5 8 (4.73%) Private Cloud
6 7 (4.14%) Linux Command Line
7 5 (2.96%) AS400
7 5 (2.96%) BBC
7 5 (2.96%) Hybrid Cloud
7 5 (2.96%) Public Cloud
7 5 (2.96%) User Experience
8 4 (2.37%) PKI
9 3 (1.78%) Algorithms
9 3 (1.78%) Cloud Native
9 3 (1.78%) Clustering
9 3 (1.78%) Management Information System
10 2 (1.18%) Greenfield Project
11 1 (0.59%) 3D Graphics
11 1 (0.59%) Mobile App
Operating Systems
1 78 (46.15%) Windows
2 43 (25.44%) Windows Server
3 23 (13.61%) Unix
4 18 (10.65%) CentOS
5 17 (10.06%) OS/400
5 17 (10.06%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 9 (5.33%) AIX
6 9 (5.33%) Mac OS
7 8 (4.73%) Android
7 8 (4.73%) Apple iOS
8 5 (2.96%) Ubuntu
9 4 (2.37%) Windows Server 2008
9 4 (2.37%) Windows Server 2012
10 2 (1.18%) Fedora
10 2 (1.18%) VMS
11 1 (0.59%) Debian
11 1 (0.59%) Embedded Linux
11 1 (0.59%) Kali Linux
11 1 (0.59%) Oracle Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 41 (24.26%) ITIL
2 36 (21.30%) DevOps
3 31 (18.34%) Agile Software Development
4 25 (14.79%) Infrastructure Engineering
5 23 (13.61%) Problem-Solving
6 18 (10.65%) Continuous Integration
7 13 (7.69%) Continuous Improvement
8 12 (7.10%) Configuration Management
9 11 (6.51%) Migration
9 11 (6.51%) Software Engineering
10 10 (5.92%) Storage Management
11 9 (5.33%) Computer Science
11 9 (5.33%) OO
11 9 (5.33%) OWASP
11 9 (5.33%) Server Management
12 8 (4.73%) Analytics
12 8 (4.73%) Data Engineering
12 8 (4.73%) Disaster Recovery
12 8 (4.73%) High Availability
12 8 (4.73%) Performance Tuning
Programming Languages
1 66 (39.05%) Python
2 39 (23.08%) Java
3 28 (16.57%) Bash Shell
4 27 (15.98%) SQL
5 22 (13.02%) Shell Script
6 19 (11.24%) JavaScript
6 19 (11.24%) PHP
7 16 (9.47%) PowerShell
8 15 (8.88%) Perl
9 13 (7.69%) Groovy
10 11 (6.51%) Go
11 7 (4.14%) C++
12 6 (3.55%) C#
12 6 (3.55%) Ruby
13 3 (1.78%) C
14 1 (0.59%) Delphi
14 1 (0.59%) Java 8
14 1 (0.59%) PHP 5
14 1 (0.59%) PL/SQL
14 1 (0.59%) R
Qualifications
1 25 (14.79%) Degree
2 16 (9.47%) IBM Certification
3 10 (5.92%) Microsoft Certification
4 6 (3.55%) AWS Certification
5 4 (2.37%) CISSP
5 4 (2.37%) HND
5 4 (2.37%) ITIL Certification
6 3 (1.78%) Computer Science Degree
6 3 (1.78%) LPIC
6 3 (1.78%) MCSA
6 3 (1.78%) MCSE
6 3 (1.78%) RHCE
6 3 (1.78%) SC Cleared
6 3 (1.78%) Security Cleared
7 1 (0.59%) BPSS Clearance
7 1 (0.59%) DV Cleared
7 1 (0.59%) OCA
7 1 (0.59%) Oracle Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 9 (5.33%) ISO/IEC 27001
1 9 (5.33%) SLA
2 8 (4.73%) ISO 9000
3 2 (1.18%) QA
4 1 (0.59%) Cyber Essentials
4 1 (0.59%) GDPR
4 1 (0.59%) ISO 9001
System Software
1 33 (19.53%) VMware Infrastructure
2 26 (15.38%) Active Directory
3 17 (10.06%) Docker
4 6 (3.55%) KVM
5 5 (2.96%) Samba
6 4 (2.37%) Hyper-V
6 4 (2.37%) Virtual Machines
6 4 (2.37%) VirtualBox
6 4 (2.37%) vSphere
7 2 (1.18%) Firmware
7 2 (1.18%) Postfix
7 2 (1.18%) qmail
7 2 (1.18%) Sendmail
7 2 (1.18%) XenApp
Systems Management
1 28 (16.57%) Ansible
2 15 (8.88%) Kubernetes
3 12 (7.10%) Terraform
4 11 (6.51%) Puppet
5 10 (5.92%) Opscode Chef
6 5 (2.96%) cPanel
6 5 (2.96%) Mesos
6 5 (2.96%) Plesk
6 5 (2.96%) Proxmox
7 3 (1.78%) Istio
7 3 (1.78%) vCenter Server
8 2 (1.18%) Grafana
8 2 (1.18%) Kibana
8 2 (1.18%) Salt
8 2 (1.18%) Single Sign-On
9 1 (0.59%) Microsoft Intune
9 1 (0.59%) SnapVault
9 1 (0.59%) SolarWinds Orion
9 1 (0.59%) WhatsUp Gold
9 1 (0.59%) ZABBIX
Vendors
1 49 (28.99%) VMware
2 42 (24.85%) Microsoft
3 40 (23.67%) IBM
4 25 (14.79%) Red Hat
5 19 (11.24%) Oracle
6 8 (4.73%) Google
7 5 (2.96%) Cisco
7 5 (2.96%) NetApp
7 5 (2.96%) Rapid7
8 4 (2.37%) Avaya
8 4 (2.37%) BT
8 4 (2.37%) F5
8 4 (2.37%) Remedy
8 4 (2.37%) Veeam
9 3 (1.78%) 3PAR
9 3 (1.78%) Citrix
9 3 (1.78%) Dell
9 3 (1.78%) Scality
9 3 (1.78%) Zend
10 2 (1.18%) Palo Alto