Period
to 23 January 2022

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for JPA skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited JPA over the 6 months to 23 January 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Java Persistence API (JPA)
Central London > City of London
6 months to
23 Jan 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 237 212 302
Rank change year-on-year -25 +90 +29
Permanent jobs citing JPA 14 9 17
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the City of London 0.23% 0.21% 0.19%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 0.63% 0.49% 0.48%
Number of salaries quoted 14 5 16
10th Percentile £77,500 - £45,625
25th Percentile £78,125 £70,000 £52,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £90,000 £85,000 £57,500
Median % change year-on-year +5.88% +47.83% -19.30%
75th Percentile £101,875 £90,000 £77,500
90th Percentile £106,375 £90,600 £83,125
Central London median annual salary £90,000 £85,000 £70,000
% change year-on-year +5.88% +21.43% -

JPA is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
City of London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 2,230 1,850 3,508
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the City of London 36.35% 43.00% 38.28%
Number of salaries quoted 1,985 1,665 3,155
10th Percentile £48,750 £46,750 £44,600
25th Percentile £60,000 £57,500 £55,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £77,500 £70,000 £70,000
Median % change year-on-year +10.71% - +3.70%
75th Percentile £96,250 £88,750 £85,000
90th Percentile £110,000 £105,000 £97,500
Central London median annual salary £77,500 £70,000 £70,000
% change year-on-year +10.71% - +7.69%

JPA
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing JPA as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for JPA in the City of London

JPA
Salary Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing JPA in the City of London.

Salary trend for JPA in the City of London

JPA
Salary Histogram in the City of London

Salary distribution for jobs citing JPA in the City of London over the 6 months to 23 January 2022.

Salary histogram for JPA in the City of London

For the 6 months to 23 January 2022, IT jobs citing JPA also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for JPA.

1 14 (100.00%) Java
1 14 (100.00%) SQL
1 14 (100.00%) Ant
1 14 (100.00%) JUnit
1 14 (100.00%) JDBC
1 14 (100.00%) Web Services
1 14 (100.00%) XML
1 14 (100.00%) JMS
1 14 (100.00%) TDD
1 14 (100.00%) Maven
1 14 (100.00%) JSON
1 14 (100.00%) Jetty
1 14 (100.00%) Git (software)
1 14 (100.00%) Mockito
1 14 (100.00%) Cucumber
1 14 (100.00%) BDD
1 14 (100.00%) REST
1 14 (100.00%) Concordion
1 14 (100.00%) Bitbucket
1 14 (100.00%) JAX-RS
1 14 (100.00%) Gradle
1 14 (100.00%) Apache Ivy
1 14 (100.00%) API Design
1 14 (100.00%) Swagger
2 9 (64.29%) FIX Protocol
3 8 (57.14%) Full Stack Development
4 7 (50.00%) CI/CD
4 7 (50.00%) Greenfield Project
4 7 (50.00%) Cybersecurity
4 7 (50.00%) Portfolio Management

JPA
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 14 (100.00%) Jetty
Cloud Services
1 4 (28.57%) Azure
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1 (7.14%) NoSQL
Development Applications
1 14 (100.00%) Ant
1 14 (100.00%) Apache Ivy
1 14 (100.00%) Bitbucket
1 14 (100.00%) Concordion
1 14 (100.00%) Cucumber
1 14 (100.00%) Git (software)
1 14 (100.00%) Gradle
1 14 (100.00%) JUnit
1 14 (100.00%) Maven
1 14 (100.00%) Mockito
General
1 1 (7.14%) Finance
1 1 (7.14%) Financial Institution
1 1 (7.14%) Front Office
Job Titles
1 14 (100.00%) Developer
2 13 (92.86%) Java Developer
3 9 (64.29%) Senior Developer
4 8 (57.14%) Senior Java Developer
5 7 (50.00%) Full Stack Developer
6 6 (42.86%) Architect
6 6 (42.86%) Java Architect
6 6 (42.86%) Senior Architect
6 6 (42.86%) Senior Java Architect
7 2 (14.29%) Senior Full Stack Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 14 (100.00%) JAX-RS
1 14 (100.00%) JDBC
1 14 (100.00%) JMS
1 14 (100.00%) JSON
1 14 (100.00%) REST
1 14 (100.00%) Swagger
1 14 (100.00%) Web Services
1 14 (100.00%) XML
2 9 (64.29%) FIX Protocol
3 1 (7.14%) AngularJS
3 1 (7.14%) RESTful
Miscellaneous
1 7 (50.00%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
1 7 (50.00%) Greenfield Project
Operating Systems
1 6 (42.86%) Linux
1 6 (42.86%) Unix
Processes & Methodologies
1 14 (100.00%) API Design
1 14 (100.00%) BDD
1 14 (100.00%) TDD
2 8 (57.14%) Full Stack Development
3 7 (50.00%) CI/CD
3 7 (50.00%) Cybersecurity
3 7 (50.00%) Portfolio Management
4 6 (42.86%) Line Management
4 6 (42.86%) Multithreaded Programming
4 6 (42.86%) Multithreading
4 6 (42.86%) Risk Management
5 1 (7.14%) Continuous Integration
5 1 (7.14%) Decision-Making
5 1 (7.14%) IT Strategy
5 1 (7.14%) Kanban
5 1 (7.14%) OOP
5 1 (7.14%) Product Backlog
5 1 (7.14%) Product Roadmap
5 1 (7.14%) Scrum
5 1 (7.14%) SOLID
Programming Languages
1 14 (100.00%) Java
1 14 (100.00%) SQL