Period
to 25 September 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for Spring skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Spring over the 6 months to 25 September 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Pivotal Spring Framework
Central London > City of London
6 months to
25 Sep 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 76 94 72
Rank change year-on-year +18 -22 +9
Permanent jobs citing Spring 212 115 417
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the City of London 3.60% 3.02% 4.13%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 8.94% 6.96% 10.58%
Number of salaries quoted 198 96 378
10th Percentile £53,750 £46,250 £46,250
25th Percentile £65,000 £57,500 £55,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £80,000 £70,000 £70,000
Median % change year-on-year +14.29% - +3.70%
75th Percentile £105,625 £85,313 £87,188
90th Percentile £120,000 £101,875 £101,250
Central London median annual salary £80,000 £70,000 £70,000
% change year-on-year +14.29% - +3.70%

Spring is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
City of London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 2,372 1,652 3,940
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the City of London 40.24% 43.44% 38.99%
Number of salaries quoted 2,152 1,446 3,577
10th Percentile £47,500 £47,500 £44,400
25th Percentile £57,500 £57,500 £55,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £75,000 £70,000 £70,000
Median % change year-on-year +7.14% - +7.69%
75th Percentile £95,000 £86,250 £85,000
90th Percentile £110,000 £102,500 £95,000
Central London median annual salary £75,000 £70,000 £70,000
% change year-on-year +7.14% - +7.69%

Spring
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing Spring as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for Spring in the City of London

Spring
Salary Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Spring in the City of London.

Salary trend for Spring in the City of London

Spring
Salary Histogram in the City of London

Salary distribution for jobs citing Spring in the City of London over the 6 months to 25 September 2021.

Salary histogram for Spring in the City of London

For the 6 months to 25 September 2021, IT jobs citing Spring also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for Spring.

1 209 (98.58%) Java
2 144 (67.92%) Spring Boot
3 132 (62.26%) Microservices
4 107 (50.47%) Agile Software Development
5 85 (40.09%) AWS
6 79 (37.26%) Finance
7 73 (34.43%) Kafka
8 72 (33.96%) Kubernetes
8 72 (33.96%) Fintech
9 63 (29.72%) DevOps
9 63 (29.72%) TDD
10 62 (29.25%) JavaScript
10 62 (29.25%) Docker
11 57 (26.89%) React
12 54 (25.47%) Software Engineering
13 53 (25.00%) AngularJS
14 52 (24.53%) Java 8
15 48 (22.64%) Azure
16 43 (20.28%) Social Skills
17 37 (17.45%) Jenkins
18 36 (16.98%) SQL
19 34 (16.04%) REST
20 33 (15.57%) Banking
21 30 (14.15%) Hibernate
21 30 (14.15%) OO
21 30 (14.15%) GCP
22 29 (13.68%) Full Stack Development
23 26 (12.26%) Kotlin
24 25 (11.79%) Git (software)
25 19 (8.96%) Web Services

Spring
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 7 (3.30%) Apache Spark
2 4 (1.89%) Apache
2 4 (1.89%) Red Hat Fuse
2 4 (1.89%) Tomcat
3 3 (1.42%) Confluence
4 2 (0.94%) Elasticsearch
4 2 (0.94%) SharePoint
5 1 (0.47%) Adobe Experience Manager
5 1 (0.47%) Cloud Foundry
5 1 (0.47%) CMS
5 1 (0.47%) GemFire
5 1 (0.47%) GlassFish
5 1 (0.47%) JBoss
5 1 (0.47%) OpenStack
5 1 (0.47%) Oracle Coherence
5 1 (0.47%) WebSphere
Business Applications
1 1 (0.47%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
1 1 (0.47%) R3 Corda
1 1 (0.47%) Salesforce.com CRM
1 1 (0.47%) SunGard Martini
1 1 (0.47%) Temenos T24
Cloud Services
1 85 (40.09%) AWS
2 48 (22.64%) Azure
3 30 (14.15%) GCP
4 10 (4.72%) PaaS
5 9 (4.25%) Amazon ECS
5 9 (4.25%) SaaS
6 7 (3.30%) Amazon Kinesis
7 6 (2.83%) Amazon EKS
7 6 (2.83%) GitHub
7 6 (2.83%) IaaS
7 6 (2.83%) Serverless
8 5 (2.36%) Amazon EC2
8 5 (2.36%) AWS Lambda
8 5 (2.36%) OpenShift
9 4 (1.89%) AWS CloudFormation
9 4 (1.89%) Snowflake
10 3 (1.42%) Amazon ElastiCache
11 2 (0.94%) BlazeMeter
12 1 (0.47%) Azure Pipelines
12 1 (0.47%) IBM Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 4 (1.89%) AMQP
2 3 (1.42%) HTTP
3 1 (0.47%) Calico
Database & Business Intelligence
1 19 (8.96%) Relational Database
2 17 (8.02%) NoSQL
3 12 (5.66%) PostgreSQL
4 11 (5.19%) Blockchain
5 8 (3.77%) Redis
5 8 (3.77%) SQL Server
6 7 (3.30%) Big Data
6 7 (3.30%) MongoDB
6 7 (3.30%) MySQL
7 6 (2.83%) Apache Cassandra
8 5 (2.36%) RDBMS
9 4 (1.89%) Amazon DynamoDB
9 4 (1.89%) Hadoop
9 4 (1.89%) HBase
9 4 (1.89%) KDB
9 4 (1.89%) Oracle Database
10 3 (1.42%) CockroachDB
10 3 (1.42%) MariaDB
10 3 (1.42%) Oracle Database 11g
11 2 (0.94%) Oracle Database 10g
Development Applications
1 37 (17.45%) Jenkins
2 25 (11.79%) Git (software)
3 18 (8.49%) Maven
4 8 (3.77%) Mockito
5 7 (3.30%) JUnit
6 6 (2.83%) Gradle
6 6 (2.83%) JIRA
7 4 (1.89%) Bitbucket
8 3 (1.42%) Cucumber
8 3 (1.42%) Mocha
8 3 (1.42%) Selenium
8 3 (1.42%) webpack
9 2 (0.94%) Cypress.io
9 2 (0.94%) eggPlant
9 2 (0.94%) gulp
9 2 (0.94%) Postman
9 2 (0.94%) REST Assured
9 2 (0.94%) Sonatype Nexus
9 2 (0.94%) TeamCity
9 2 (0.94%) The Grinder
General
1 79 (37.26%) Finance
2 43 (20.28%) Social Skills
3 33 (15.57%) Banking
4 12 (5.66%) Front Office
5 11 (5.19%) Retail
6 9 (4.25%) Advertising
7 6 (2.83%) Presentation Skills
8 5 (2.36%) Analytical Skills
9 4 (1.89%) Public Sector
9 4 (1.89%) Telecoms
10 2 (0.94%) Back Office
10 2 (0.94%) Investment Banking
10 2 (0.94%) Organisational Skills
10 2 (0.94%) Public Speaking
10 2 (0.94%) Retail Finance
11 1 (0.47%) Financial Institution
11 1 (0.47%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 126 (59.43%) Developer
2 107 (50.47%) Java Developer
3 37 (17.45%) Java Engineer
4 35 (16.51%) Senior Developer
5 33 (15.57%) Senior Java Developer
6 21 (9.91%) Software Engineer
7 18 (8.49%) Java Developer - Fintech
8 15 (7.08%) Senior Java Engineer
9 13 (6.13%) Principal Engineer
9 13 (6.13%) Technical Leader
10 11 (5.19%) DevOps Engineer
11 10 (4.72%) AWS Developer
11 10 (4.72%) Lead Developer
12 9 (4.25%) Full Stack Developer
13 8 (3.77%) Java Software Engineer
13 8 (3.77%) Senior Software Engineer
14 7 (3.30%) Front Office Developer
14 7 (3.30%) Java Pricing Developer
14 7 (3.30%) Lead Java Developer
14 7 (3.30%) Pricing Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 144 (67.92%) Spring Boot
2 73 (34.43%) Kafka
3 57 (26.89%) React
4 53 (25.00%) AngularJS
5 34 (16.04%) REST
6 30 (14.15%) Hibernate
7 19 (8.96%) RESTful
7 19 (8.96%) Web Services
8 17 (8.02%) HTML
9 11 (5.19%) Node.js
10 10 (4.72%) Apache Camel
10 10 (4.72%) Java EE
10 10 (4.72%) Middleware
11 9 (4.25%) HTML5
12 8 (3.77%) XML
13 7 (3.30%) .NET
13 7 (3.30%) CSS
13 7 (3.30%) J2EE
13 7 (3.30%) RabbitMQ
13 7 (3.30%) Spring MVC
Miscellaneous
1 16 (7.55%) Enterprise Software
2 15 (7.08%) Greenfield Project
3 12 (5.66%) Public Cloud
4 11 (5.19%) Cloud Native
4 11 (5.19%) Data Structures
4 11 (5.19%) Derivative
4 11 (5.19%) User Experience
5 7 (3.30%) Algorithms
5 7 (3.30%) Equity Derivative
5 7 (3.30%) Pricing Data
6 6 (2.83%) Private Cloud
6 6 (2.83%) Social Media
7 5 (2.36%) Clustering
8 4 (1.89%) Fixed Income
8 4 (1.89%) Legacy Systems
8 4 (1.89%) Management Information System
9 2 (0.94%) Hedge funds
9 2 (0.94%) Legacy Code
9 2 (0.94%) Media Streaming
9 2 (0.94%) Self-Motivation
Operating Systems
1 15 (7.08%) Linux
2 12 (5.66%) Unix
3 4 (1.89%) Android
3 4 (1.89%) Apple iOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 132 (62.26%) Microservices
2 107 (50.47%) Agile Software Development
3 72 (33.96%) Fintech
4 63 (29.72%) DevOps
4 63 (29.72%) TDD
5 54 (25.47%) Software Engineering
6 30 (14.15%) OO
7 29 (13.68%) Full Stack Development
8 19 (8.96%) Multithreading
9 18 (8.49%) BDD
10 17 (8.02%) Scrum
10 17 (8.02%) SDLC
10 17 (8.02%) Test Automation
11 16 (7.55%) Continuous Integration
11 16 (7.55%) Performance Tuning
12 15 (7.08%) Event-Driven
13 14 (6.60%) Analytics
14 13 (6.13%) Event-Driven Architecture
14 13 (6.13%) Mentoring
14 13 (6.13%) Technical Leadership
Programming Languages
1 209 (98.58%) Java
2 62 (29.25%) JavaScript
3 52 (24.53%) Java 8
4 36 (16.98%) SQL
5 26 (12.26%) Kotlin
6 19 (8.96%) Python
7 17 (8.02%) TypeScript
8 15 (7.08%) Java 11
9 5 (2.36%) C#
9 5 (2.36%) Go
9 5 (2.36%) Scala
10 4 (1.89%) C++
11 3 (1.42%) Bash Shell
11 3 (1.42%) PHP
12 2 (0.94%) C
12 2 (0.94%) Groovy
12 2 (0.94%) PL/SQL
12 2 (0.94%) VBScript
13 1 (0.47%) Apex Code
13 1 (0.47%) Ruby
Qualifications
1 4 (1.89%) SC Cleared
1 4 (1.89%) Security Cleared
2 2 (0.94%) DBS Check
3 1 (0.47%) Degree
3 1 (0.47%) OCP
3 1 (0.47%) Oracle Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 4 (1.89%) Data Quality
2 3 (1.42%) Accessibility
3 2 (0.94%) ISO 20022
System Software
1 62 (29.25%) Docker
2 3 (1.42%) OpenAM
2 3 (1.42%) OpenDJ
3 1 (0.47%) Apache ZooKeeper
3 1 (0.47%) Hyper-V
3 1 (0.47%) ISA Server
3 1 (0.47%) Virtual Machines
3 1 (0.47%) VMware Infrastructure
Systems Management
1 72 (33.96%) Kubernetes
2 7 (3.30%) Terraform
3 3 (1.42%) Ansible
3 3 (1.42%) Grafana
4 2 (0.94%) HP Quality Center
4 2 (0.94%) Opscode Chef
4 2 (0.94%) Prometheus
5 1 (0.47%) Kibana
5 1 (0.47%) Mesos
Vendors
1 18 (8.49%) Oracle
2 5 (2.36%) Google
2 5 (2.36%) IBM
3 4 (1.89%) Greenplum
4 3 (1.42%) ForgeRock
5 2 (0.94%) Dynatrace
5 2 (0.94%) HP
6 1 (0.47%) Adobe
6 1 (0.47%) DocuSign
6 1 (0.47%) FIS
6 1 (0.47%) Microsoft
6 1 (0.47%) Murex
6 1 (0.47%) New Relic
6 1 (0.47%) Salesforce.com
6 1 (0.47%) Splunk
6 1 (0.47%) SunGard
6 1 (0.47%) Sybase
6 1 (0.47%) TIBCO
6 1 (0.47%) VMware