Period
to 14 June 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for Spring skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Spring over the 6 months to 14 June 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Pivotal Spring Framework
Central London > City of London
6 months to
14 Jun 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 88 94 67
Rank change year-on-year +6 -27 +14
Permanent jobs citing Spring 168 196 430
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the City of London 3.24% 3.10% 4.28%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 7.87% 8.03% 10.51%
Number of salaries quoted 156 181 393
10th Percentile £53,125 £45,000 £41,250
25th Percentile £64,688 £52,500 £54,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £78,750 £70,000 £67,500
Median % change year-on-year +12.50% +3.70% +3.85%
75th Percentile £95,000 £82,500 £85,000
90th Percentile £106,875 £88,750 £100,000
Central London median annual salary £76,250 £70,000 £70,000
% change year-on-year +8.93% - +7.69%

Spring is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
City of London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 2,134 2,440 4,093
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the City of London 41.20% 38.55% 40.72%
Number of salaries quoted 1,948 2,173 3,693
10th Percentile £46,250 £46,250 £42,500
25th Percentile £56,250 £55,000 £52,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £75,000 £70,000 £70,000
Median % change year-on-year +7.14% - +7.69%
75th Percentile £90,000 £86,250 £83,750
90th Percentile £107,500 £97,500 £95,000
Central London median annual salary £72,500 £70,000 £67,500
% change year-on-year +3.57% +3.70% +3.85%

Spring
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing Spring as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for Spring in the City of London

Spring
Salary Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Spring in the City of London.

Salary trend for Spring in the City of London

Spring
Salary Histogram in the City of London

Salary distribution for jobs citing Spring in the City of London over the 6 months to 14 June 2021.

Salary histogram for Spring in the City of London

For the 6 months to 14 June 2021, IT jobs citing Spring also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for Spring.

1 167 (99.40%) Java
2 113 (67.26%) Spring Boot
3 103 (61.31%) Microservices
4 88 (52.38%) Agile Software Development
5 58 (34.52%) JavaScript
6 57 (33.93%) AWS
6 57 (33.93%) Fintech
7 54 (32.14%) Kafka
7 54 (32.14%) TDD
8 53 (31.55%) Java 8
9 52 (30.95%) Software Engineering
10 48 (28.57%) Finance
11 46 (27.38%) Kubernetes
12 43 (25.60%) DevOps
13 42 (25.00%) Social Skills
14 41 (24.40%) AngularJS
15 39 (23.21%) React
16 38 (22.62%) Azure
17 37 (22.02%) Docker
18 36 (21.43%) SQL
19 32 (19.05%) Jenkins
20 30 (17.86%) Banking
20 30 (17.86%) Hibernate
21 26 (15.48%) REST
21 26 (15.48%) Git (software)
22 25 (14.88%) Python
23 22 (13.10%) BDD
24 20 (11.90%) Kotlin
25 19 (11.31%) NoSQL
25 19 (11.31%) PostgreSQL

Spring
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 8 (4.76%) Apache Spark
2 6 (3.57%) Confluence
3 5 (2.98%) Apache
3 5 (2.98%) Red Hat Fuse
4 4 (2.38%) GlassFish
4 4 (2.38%) JBoss
4 4 (2.38%) WebSphere
5 3 (1.79%) Appian
5 3 (1.79%) Camunda
5 3 (1.79%) Elasticsearch
5 3 (1.79%) Tomcat
6 2 (1.19%) Adobe Experience Manager
6 2 (1.19%) CMS
6 2 (1.19%) SharePoint
7 1 (0.60%) Cloud Foundry
7 1 (0.60%) GemFire
7 1 (0.60%) Oracle Coherence
Applications
1 3 (1.79%) InVision
1 3 (1.79%) Sketch
Business Applications
1 4 (2.38%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
2 3 (1.79%) R3 Corda
3 1 (0.60%) Salesforce.com CRM
3 1 (0.60%) SunGard Martini
Cloud Services
1 57 (33.93%) AWS
2 38 (22.62%) Azure
3 11 (6.55%) GCP
3 11 (6.55%) SaaS
4 10 (5.95%) PaaS
5 9 (5.36%) GitHub
6 8 (4.76%) Amazon ECS
7 7 (4.17%) Cloud Computing
8 6 (3.57%) Amazon EKS
8 6 (3.57%) Amazon Kinesis
8 6 (3.57%) IaaS
9 5 (2.98%) Amazon EC2
9 5 (2.98%) OpenShift
10 3 (1.79%) Amazon ElastiCache
10 3 (1.79%) AWS CloudFormation
11 2 (1.19%) BlazeMeter
11 2 (1.19%) Snowflake
12 1 (0.60%) Azure Storage
12 1 (0.60%) Force.com
Communications & Networking
1 4 (2.38%) AMQP
2 1 (0.60%) Calico
2 1 (0.60%) HTTP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 19 (11.31%) NoSQL
1 19 (11.31%) PostgreSQL
2 11 (6.55%) MySQL
3 9 (5.36%) Relational Database
4 8 (4.76%) MongoDB
5 7 (4.17%) SQL Server
6 6 (3.57%) Blockchain
6 6 (3.57%) Hadoop
7 5 (2.98%) Apache Cassandra
7 5 (2.98%) Oracle Database
8 4 (2.38%) HBase
9 3 (1.79%) Amazon DynamoDB
9 3 (1.79%) CockroachDB
9 3 (1.79%) KDB
9 3 (1.79%) MariaDB
9 3 (1.79%) RDBMS
10 2 (1.19%) Big Data
10 2 (1.19%) Oracle Database 10g
10 2 (1.19%) Oracle Database 11g
11 1 (0.60%) Redis
Development Applications
1 32 (19.05%) Jenkins
2 26 (15.48%) Git (software)
3 15 (8.93%) Maven
4 9 (5.36%) JUnit
5 8 (4.76%) JIRA
5 8 (4.76%) Mockito
6 7 (4.17%) Gradle
7 6 (3.57%) Selenium
8 5 (2.98%) Artifactory
8 5 (2.98%) Sonatype Nexus
9 4 (2.38%) Apache Archiva
9 4 (2.38%) Atlassian Bamboo
9 4 (2.38%) Bitbucket
9 4 (2.38%) GitLab
9 4 (2.38%) TeamCity
10 3 (1.79%) Cucumber
10 3 (1.79%) Cypress.io
10 3 (1.79%) PostCSS
10 3 (1.79%) SonarQube
11 2 (1.19%) The Grinder
General
1 48 (28.57%) Finance
2 42 (25.00%) Social Skills
3 30 (17.86%) Banking
4 6 (3.57%) Front Office
4 6 (3.57%) Private Banking
5 5 (2.98%) Presentation Skills
6 4 (2.38%) Public Speaking
6 4 (2.38%) Retail
7 3 (1.79%) Advertising
7 3 (1.79%) Public Sector
7 3 (1.79%) Telecoms
8 2 (1.19%) Organisational Skills
9 1 (0.60%) Analytical Skills
9 1 (0.60%) Games
9 1 (0.60%) Investment Banking
9 1 (0.60%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 91 (54.17%) Developer
2 72 (42.86%) Java Developer
3 33 (19.64%) Java Engineer
4 31 (18.45%) Senior Developer
5 28 (16.67%) Senior Java Developer
6 23 (13.69%) Software Engineer
7 15 (8.93%) Full Stack Developer
8 12 (7.14%) Lead Developer
8 12 (7.14%) Senior Java Engineer
9 11 (6.55%) DevOps Engineer
9 11 (6.55%) Java Software Engineer
10 10 (5.95%) Java Developer - Fintech
10 10 (5.95%) Technical Leader
11 8 (4.76%) AWS Developer
11 8 (4.76%) Lead Java Developer
11 8 (4.76%) Principal Engineer
12 7 (4.17%) Backend Developer
13 6 (3.57%) Principal Software Engineer
13 6 (3.57%) Senior DevOps
13 6 (3.57%) Senior DevOps Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 113 (67.26%) Spring Boot
2 54 (32.14%) Kafka
3 41 (24.40%) AngularJS
4 39 (23.21%) React
5 30 (17.86%) Hibernate
6 26 (15.48%) REST
7 18 (10.71%) RESTful
8 17 (10.12%) Java EE
9 15 (8.93%) HTML
10 14 (8.33%) Node.js
11 13 (7.74%) J2EE
11 13 (7.74%) Web Services
12 12 (7.14%) Apache Camel
13 10 (5.95%) HTML5
13 10 (5.95%) Middleware
14 8 (4.76%) CSS
14 8 (4.76%) Spring MVC
15 7 (4.17%) RabbitMQ
15 7 (4.17%) Spring Security
15 7 (4.17%) Twitter Bootstrap
Miscellaneous
1 13 (7.74%) Enterprise Software
2 12 (7.14%) Greenfield Project
3 9 (5.36%) Data Structures
3 9 (5.36%) User Experience
4 8 (4.76%) Cloud Native
5 6 (3.57%) Algorithms
5 6 (3.57%) Derivative
5 6 (3.57%) Private Cloud
6 5 (2.98%) Public Cloud
6 5 (2.98%) Social Media
7 4 (2.38%) Management Information System
8 3 (1.79%) Blog
8 3 (1.79%) Clustering
8 3 (1.79%) Self-Motivation
9 2 (1.19%) Cyberattack
9 2 (1.19%) Equity Derivative
9 2 (1.19%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
10 1 (0.60%) Interest Rate Derivative
10 1 (0.60%) Robotics
10 1 (0.60%) Smartphone
Operating Systems
1 10 (5.95%) Linux
2 5 (2.98%) Unix
3 2 (1.19%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 103 (61.31%) Microservices
2 88 (52.38%) Agile Software Development
3 57 (33.93%) Fintech
4 54 (32.14%) TDD
5 52 (30.95%) Software Engineering
6 43 (25.60%) DevOps
7 22 (13.10%) BDD
8 19 (11.31%) OO
9 18 (10.71%) Continuous Integration
9 18 (10.71%) Technical Leadership
9 18 (10.71%) Test Automation
10 13 (7.74%) Scrum
11 12 (7.14%) Mentoring
11 12 (7.14%) MVC
12 11 (6.55%) Open Source
13 10 (5.95%) Performance Tuning
14 9 (5.36%) Multithreading
15 8 (4.76%) Analytics
15 8 (4.76%) Data Science
15 8 (4.76%) Machine Learning
Programming Languages
1 167 (99.40%) Java
2 58 (34.52%) JavaScript
3 53 (31.55%) Java 8
4 36 (21.43%) SQL
5 25 (14.88%) Python
6 20 (11.90%) Kotlin
7 14 (8.33%) TypeScript
8 5 (2.98%) C#
8 5 (2.98%) C++
9 4 (2.38%) Bash Shell
9 4 (2.38%) PowerShell
10 3 (1.79%) ES6
10 3 (1.79%) ES7
10 3 (1.79%) Go
10 3 (1.79%) Ruby
10 3 (1.79%) Scala
11 2 (1.19%) C
11 2 (1.19%) Groovy
11 2 (1.19%) VBScript
12 1 (0.60%) Apex Code
Qualifications
1 8 (4.76%) SC Cleared
1 8 (4.76%) Security Cleared
2 3 (1.79%) SANS
3 1 (0.60%) Computer Science Degree
3 1 (0.60%) Degree
3 1 (0.60%) DV Cleared
3 1 (0.60%) OCP
3 1 (0.60%) Oracle Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 4 (2.38%) Data Quality
2 3 (1.79%) ISO 20022
2 3 (1.79%) QA
2 3 (1.79%) WCAG
3 1 (0.60%) Accessibility
System Software
1 37 (22.02%) Docker
2 3 (1.79%) OpenAM
2 3 (1.79%) OpenDJ
3 2 (1.19%) Virtual Machines
4 1 (0.60%) Apache ZooKeeper
Systems Management
1 46 (27.38%) Kubernetes
2 6 (3.57%) Terraform
3 5 (2.98%) Opscode Chef
4 2 (1.19%) Ansible
4 2 (1.19%) Grafana
4 2 (1.19%) HP Quality Center
5 1 (0.60%) Kibana
5 1 (0.60%) Prometheus
Vendors
1 14 (8.33%) Oracle
2 8 (4.76%) IBM
3 4 (2.38%) Microsoft
4 3 (1.79%) ForgeRock
4 3 (1.79%) Greenplum
5 2 (1.19%) Adobe
5 2 (1.19%) Google
5 2 (1.19%) HP
5 2 (1.19%) Red Hat
6 1 (0.60%) DocuSign
6 1 (0.60%) FIS
6 1 (0.60%) Murex
6 1 (0.60%) New Relic
6 1 (0.60%) Salesforce.com
6 1 (0.60%) SunGard
6 1 (0.60%) TIBCO