Period
to 18 September 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for Java skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Java over the 6 months to 18 September 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Java
Central London > City of London
6 months to
18 Sep 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 7 5 5
Rank change year-on-year -2 0 0
Permanent jobs citing Java 1,724 2,053 1,930
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the City of London 17.04% 18.61% 19.03%
As % of the Programming Languages category 28.02% 30.16% 33.69%
Number of salaries quoted 1,559 1,889 1,745
City of London median annual salary £75,000 £70,000 £65,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +7.14% +7.69% +4.84%
10th Percentile £50,000 £41,250 £37,500
90th Percentile £110,000 £102,500 £105,000
Central London median annual salary £73,500 £70,000 £65,000
% change year-on-year +5.00% +7.69% +8.33%

Java is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
City of London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 6,153 6,806 5,728
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the City of London 60.81% 61.70% 56.48%
Number of salaries quoted 5,438 6,193 5,231
City of London median annual salary £70,000 £65,000 £60,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +7.69% +8.33% +4.35%
10th Percentile £42,500 £41,250 £37,500
90th Percentile £97,500 £95,000 £95,000
Central London median annual salary £67,500 £65,000 £60,000
% change year-on-year +3.85% +8.33% +4.35%

Java
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing Java as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for Java in the City of London

Java
Salary Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Java in the City of London.

Salary trend for Java in the City of London

Java
Salary Histogram in the City of London

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Java in the City of London over the 6 months to 18 September 2019.

Salary histogram for Java in the City of London

Java
Job Locations in the City of London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Java within the City of London region over the 6 months to 18 September 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London Bridge -12 7 £65,000 +23.81%
Moorgate -3 3 £120,000 +478.31%
Java
Central London

For the 6 months to 18 September 2019, IT jobs citing Java also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for Java.

1 660 (38.28%) Agile Software Development
2 582 (33.76%) Finance
3 531 (30.80%) Python
4 416 (24.13%) SQL
5 410 (23.78%) Microservices
6 404 (23.43%) AWS
7 398 (23.09%) JavaScript
8 386 (22.39%) Spring
9 344 (19.95%) Docker
10 312 (18.10%) DevOps
11 308 (17.87%) Fintech
12 285 (16.53%) Java 8
13 282 (16.36%) TDD
14 278 (16.13%) Kubernetes
15 250 (14.50%) Software Engineering
16 225 (13.05%) C#
17 216 (12.53%) Linux
18 214 (12.41%) Spring Boot
19 211 (12.24%) Banking
20 203 (11.77%) QA
21 202 (11.72%) Computer Science
22 197 (11.43%) Greenfield Project
23 195 (11.31%) Scrum
24 192 (11.14%) Degree
24 192 (11.14%) Test Automation
25 181 (10.50%) RESTful
26 180 (10.44%) Big Data
27 174 (10.09%) Scala
28 172 (9.98%) NoSQL
28 172 (9.98%) Node.js

Java
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 112 (6.50%) Apache Spark
2 52 (3.02%) Confluence
3 45 (2.61%) Elasticsearch
4 40 (2.32%) Apache
5 35 (2.03%) Tomcat
6 23 (1.33%) Cloud Foundry
7 19 (1.10%) WebSphere
8 16 (0.93%) Apache Solr
9 14 (0.81%) JBoss
10 10 (0.58%) SAS
11 8 (0.46%) OpenStack
11 8 (0.46%) Oracle Coherence
11 8 (0.46%) WebLogic
12 7 (0.41%) CMS
12 7 (0.41%) Oracle SOA Suite
13 6 (0.35%) Ethereum
13 6 (0.35%) IIS
13 6 (0.35%) Mule
14 5 (0.29%) Apache Airflow
15 4 (0.23%) Luigi
Applications
1 9 (0.52%) Microsoft Excel
2 7 (0.41%) Microsoft Project
2 7 (0.41%) MS Visio
3 3 (0.17%) Spreadsheet
4 2 (0.12%) Chatbot
4 2 (0.12%) Microsoft Office
5 1 (0.058%) Zeplin
Business Applications
1 5 (0.29%) RMDS
1 5 (0.29%) Salesforce.com CRM
1 5 (0.29%) SAP ERP
1 5 (0.29%) SAP Hybris
2 3 (0.17%) ION MarketView
2 3 (0.17%) Temenos T24
3 2 (0.12%) Payment Gateway
3 2 (0.12%) R3 Corda
4 1 (0.058%) Distributed Ledger
4 1 (0.058%) Dynamics CRM
4 1 (0.058%) Dynamics NAV
Cloud Services
1 404 (23.43%) AWS
2 160 (9.28%) GCP
3 149 (8.64%) Azure
4 61 (3.54%) Power Platform
5 49 (2.84%) SaaS
6 32 (1.86%) GitHub
7 30 (1.74%) Serverless
8 24 (1.39%) OpenShift
9 19 (1.10%) Amazon EC2
9 19 (1.10%) AWS Lambda
9 19 (1.10%) Datadog
10 18 (1.04%) PaaS
11 13 (0.75%) Amazon S3
11 13 (0.75%) Cloud Computing
12 12 (0.70%) AWS CloudFormation
12 12 (0.70%) Firebase
13 11 (0.64%) Apigee
14 9 (0.52%) Amazon ECS
15 8 (0.46%) IaaS
16 7 (0.41%) Basecamp
Communications & Networking
1 36 (2.09%) HTTP
2 30 (1.74%) Internet
3 10 (0.58%) TCP/IP
4 9 (0.52%) Firewall
5 8 (0.46%) Broadband
6 6 (0.35%) FIX Connectivity
7 5 (0.29%) SSL
7 5 (0.29%) VPN
8 4 (0.23%) RIP
9 3 (0.17%) DNS
9 3 (0.17%) FTP
9 3 (0.17%) Intrusion Detection
9 3 (0.17%) SMS
10 2 (0.12%) Cisco ASA
10 2 (0.12%) Multicast
10 2 (0.12%) NetScaler
10 2 (0.12%) Wireless
11 1 (0.058%) Ethernet
11 1 (0.058%) SNMP
11 1 (0.058%) Wi-Fi
Database & Business Intelligence
1 180 (10.44%) Big Data
2 172 (9.98%) NoSQL
3 111 (6.44%) MySQL
4 108 (6.26%) Hadoop
5 102 (5.92%) SQL Server
6 85 (4.93%) MongoDB
7 84 (4.87%) PostgreSQL
8 81 (4.70%) Apache Cassandra
9 80 (4.64%) Relational Database
10 61 (3.54%) Power BI
11 51 (2.96%) Data Warehouse
12 50 (2.90%) SQL Server Integration Services
13 38 (2.20%) Blockchain
14 36 (2.09%) RDBMS
15 35 (2.03%) Oracle Database
15 35 (2.03%) SQL Server Reporting Services
16 31 (1.80%) SQL Server Analysis Services
17 27 (1.57%) Oracle Database 12c
17 27 (1.57%) Redis
18 26 (1.51%) QlikView
Development Applications
1 145 (8.41%) Git (software)
2 139 (8.06%) Jenkins
3 110 (6.38%) JIRA
4 109 (6.32%) Selenium
5 88 (5.10%) Cucumber
6 76 (4.41%) Maven
7 54 (3.13%) JUnit
8 36 (2.09%) Gradle
9 33 (1.91%) Bitbucket
10 32 (1.86%) Mockito
11 31 (1.80%) WebDriver
12 28 (1.62%) TeamCity
13 26 (1.51%) Atlassian Bamboo
13 26 (1.51%) Subversion
14 21 (1.22%) Sonatype Nexus
15 19 (1.10%) git-flow
16 17 (0.99%) Visual Studio
17 15 (0.87%) Team Foundation Server
18 14 (0.81%) SonarQube
19 12 (0.70%) Ant
General
1 582 (33.76%) Finance
2 211 (12.24%) Banking
3 115 (6.67%) Front Office
4 69 (4.00%) Retail
5 58 (3.36%) Advertising
6 46 (2.67%) Investment Banking
7 45 (2.61%) Law
7 45 (2.61%) Marketing
8 39 (2.26%) Games
9 36 (2.09%) Financial Institution
10 35 (2.03%) Back Office
11 23 (1.33%) Telecoms
12 22 (1.28%) Public Sector
13 11 (0.64%) Manufacturing
14 8 (0.46%) Retail Banking
15 7 (0.41%) Electronics
15 7 (0.41%) Publishing
16 5 (0.29%) Legal
17 4 (0.23%) Multimedia
17 4 (0.23%) Prime Brokerage
Job Titles
1 958 (55.57%) Developer
2 665 (38.57%) Java Developer
3 236 (13.69%) Senior Developer
4 166 (9.63%) Senior Java Developer
5 102 (5.92%) DevOps Engineer
6 81 (4.70%) Java Engineer
7 72 (4.18%) Software Engineer
8 65 (3.77%) Data Engineer
9 64 (3.71%) Lead Developer
10 61 (3.54%) Architect
10 61 (3.54%) AWS Developer
11 56 (3.25%) AWS Engineer
11 56 (3.25%) Python Developer
12 55 (3.19%) Full Stack Developer
13 51 (2.96%) Java Developer - Fintech
14 48 (2.78%) AWS DevOps
14 48 (2.78%) Software Developer
15 45 (2.61%) QA Engineer
16 44 (2.55%) AWS DevOps Engineer
16 44 (2.55%) Python Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 386 (22.39%) Spring
2 214 (12.41%) Spring Boot
3 181 (10.50%) RESTful
4 172 (9.98%) Node.js
5 166 (9.63%) HTML
6 156 (9.05%) AngularJS
7 153 (8.87%) React
8 141 (8.18%) Kafka
9 126 (7.31%) .NET
9 126 (7.31%) REST
10 115 (6.67%) CSS
11 109 (6.32%) Web Services
12 100 (5.80%) Hibernate
13 64 (3.71%) XML
14 62 (3.60%) JSON
15 56 (3.25%) J2EE
16 54 (3.13%) JMS
17 52 (3.02%) HTML5
18 43 (2.49%) GraphQL
19 41 (2.38%) RabbitMQ
Miscellaneous
1 197 (11.43%) Greenfield Project
2 159 (9.22%) Analytical Skills
3 85 (4.93%) Algorithms
4 62 (3.60%) Data Structures
5 61 (3.54%) Mobile App
6 59 (3.42%) User Experience
7 56 (3.25%) Fixed Income
8 41 (2.38%) Hedge funds
9 40 (2.32%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
10 36 (2.09%) Cloud Native
11 31 (1.80%) Equities
12 25 (1.45%) Enterprise Software
13 24 (1.39%) Linux Command Line
14 20 (1.16%) Credit Risk
14 20 (1.16%) Public Cloud
15 19 (1.10%) Data Centre
15 19 (1.10%) Self-Motivation
15 19 (1.10%) Video\Live Streaming
16 18 (1.04%) Derivative
17 17 (0.99%) Market Risk
Operating Systems
1 216 (12.53%) Linux
2 94 (5.45%) Unix
3 87 (5.05%) Android
4 55 (3.19%) Windows
5 22 (1.28%) Apple iOS
6 7 (0.41%) Windows Server
7 5 (0.29%) Mac OS
8 3 (0.17%) Debian
8 3 (0.17%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 3 (0.17%) Ubuntu
9 2 (0.12%) Windows Server 2012
10 1 (0.058%) AIX
10 1 (0.058%) CentOS
10 1 (0.058%) DC/OS
10 1 (0.058%) Solaris
Processes & Methodologies
1 660 (38.28%) Agile Software Development
2 410 (23.78%) Microservices
3 312 (18.10%) DevOps
4 308 (17.87%) Fintech
5 282 (16.36%) TDD
6 250 (14.50%) Software Engineering
7 202 (11.72%) Computer Science
8 195 (11.31%) Scrum
9 192 (11.14%) Test Automation
10 171 (9.92%) Continuous Integration
11 162 (9.40%) Analytics
12 160 (9.28%) OO
13 149 (8.64%) Problem-Solving
14 147 (8.53%) BDD
15 128 (7.42%) SDLC
16 118 (6.84%) Machine Learning
17 97 (5.63%) Mentoring
18 95 (5.51%) Business Intelligence
19 94 (5.45%) Multithreading
20 89 (5.16%) E-Commerce
Programming Languages
1 531 (30.80%) Python
2 416 (24.13%) SQL
3 398 (23.09%) JavaScript
4 285 (16.53%) Java 8
5 225 (13.05%) C#
6 174 (10.09%) Scala
7 121 (7.02%) C++
8 106 (6.15%) Kotlin
9 98 (5.68%) Go
10 71 (4.12%) Ruby
11 69 (4.00%) PHP
12 56 (3.25%) TypeScript
13 53 (3.07%) Bash Shell
14 29 (1.68%) Groovy
14 29 (1.68%) Perl
15 24 (1.39%) ES6
15 24 (1.39%) Shell Script
16 23 (1.33%) C
17 19 (1.10%) VBA
18 17 (0.99%) R
Qualifications
1 192 (11.14%) Degree
2 67 (3.89%) Computer Science Degree
3 45 (2.61%) Master's Degree
4 20 (1.16%) PhD
5 12 (0.70%) AWS Certification
6 8 (0.46%) ISTQB
6 8 (0.46%) Security Cleared
7 5 (0.29%) CISSP
8 4 (0.23%) PMI Certification
9 3 (0.17%) CISA
9 3 (0.17%) CISM
9 3 (0.17%) ISEB
9 3 (0.17%) ITIL Certification
9 3 (0.17%) Numerate Degree
9 3 (0.17%) Sun Certification
10 2 (0.12%) CEH
10 2 (0.12%) GIAC
10 2 (0.12%) GPEN
10 2 (0.12%) OSCP
11 1 (0.058%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 203 (11.77%) QA
2 5 (0.29%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 4 (0.23%) GDPR
4 3 (0.17%) Data Quality
5 2 (0.12%) EMIR
6 1 (0.058%) MiFID
6 1 (0.058%) SLA
System Software
1 344 (19.95%) Docker
2 12 (0.70%) Virtual Machines
3 7 (0.41%) HDFS
3 7 (0.41%) vSphere
4 3 (0.17%) Active Directory
4 3 (0.17%) Oracle RAC
4 3 (0.17%) VMware Infrastructure
5 2 (0.12%) Apache ZooKeeper
5 2 (0.12%) XenApp
6 1 (0.058%) Apache Flume
6 1 (0.058%) Firmware
6 1 (0.058%) Hyper-V
6 1 (0.058%) Shibboleth
6 1 (0.058%) VirtualBox
Systems Management
1 278 (16.13%) Kubernetes
2 98 (5.68%) Terraform
3 75 (4.35%) Ansible
4 44 (2.55%) Puppet
5 33 (1.91%) Opscode Chef
6 27 (1.57%) Consul
7 24 (1.39%) Prometheus
8 17 (0.99%) Packer
9 13 (0.75%) Salt
10 12 (0.70%) Grafana
11 11 (0.64%) Control-M
12 10 (0.58%) Icinga
13 9 (0.52%) Rancher
14 7 (0.41%) Docker Swarm
14 7 (0.41%) Dollar Universe
15 6 (0.35%) Oozie
16 4 (0.23%) Sysdig
17 3 (0.17%) Data Guard
17 3 (0.17%) Graphite
17 3 (0.17%) Kibana
Vendors
1 149 (8.64%) Oracle
2 134 (7.77%) Google
3 70 (4.06%) Microsoft
4 58 (3.36%) Tableau
5 32 (1.86%) Atlassian
6 28 (1.62%) Salesforce.com
7 17 (0.99%) Facebook
8 16 (0.93%) Sybase
9 15 (0.87%) Red Hat
10 13 (0.75%) Informatica
10 13 (0.75%) YouTube
11 12 (0.70%) SAP
12 10 (0.58%) Splunk
13 9 (0.52%) IBM
14 8 (0.46%) Solace
15 7 (0.41%) Ab Initio
15 7 (0.41%) Demandware
15 7 (0.41%) Talend
16 6 (0.35%) Cloudera
16 6 (0.35%) VMware