Period
to 18 April 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for Java skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Java over the 6 months to 18 April 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Java
Central London > City of London
6 months to
18 Apr 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 5 6 5
Rank change year-on-year +1 -1 0
Permanent jobs citing Java 2,006 2,007 1,951
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the City of London 19.61% 18.56% 18.71%
As % of the Programming Languages category 31.72% 31.09% 32.88%
Number of salaries quoted 1,805 1,851 1,798
City of London median annual salary £72,500 £70,000 £67,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +3.57% +3.70% +12.50%
10th Percentile £42,500 £42,500 £37,500
90th Percentile £100,000 £102,500 £102,500
Central London median annual salary £72,500 £67,500 £65,000
% change year-on-year +7.41% +3.85% +8.33%

Java is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
City of London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 6,324 6,456 5,933
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the City of London 61.81% 59.71% 56.88%
Number of salaries quoted 5,675 5,755 5,418
City of London median annual salary £67,500 £62,500 £60,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +8.00% +4.17% +4.35%
10th Percentile £40,250 £40,000 £36,750
90th Percentile £96,250 £95,000 £95,000
Central London median annual salary £65,000 £60,000 £60,000
% change year-on-year +8.33% - +9.09%

Java
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing Java as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for Java in the City of London

Java
Salary Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Java in the City of London.

Salary trend for Java in the City of London

Java
Salary Histogram in the City of London

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Java in the City of London over the 6 months to 18 April 2019.

Salary histogram for Java in the City of London

Java
Job Locations in the City of London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Java within the City of London region over the 6 months to 18 April 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London Bridge +2 7 - -
Moorgate - 7 £65,000 -
Java
Central London

For the 6 months to 18 April 2019, IT jobs citing Java also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for Java.

1 902 (44.97%) Agile Software Development
2 651 (32.45%) Finance
3 575 (28.66%) Python
4 475 (23.68%) Microservices
5 463 (23.08%) JavaScript
6 424 (21.14%) SQL
7 411 (20.49%) Spring
8 408 (20.34%) TDD
9 382 (19.04%) Java 8
10 361 (18.00%) Amazon AWS
11 343 (17.10%) Docker
12 311 (15.50%) DevOps
13 308 (15.35%) Software Engineering
14 279 (13.91%) Linux
15 277 (13.81%) C#
16 268 (13.36%) C++
17 257 (12.81%) Banking
18 253 (12.61%) HTML
19 248 (12.36%) Degree
19 248 (12.36%) Big Data
20 236 (11.76%) Computer Science
21 234 (11.67%) Fintech
22 211 (10.52%) Continuous Integration
23 199 (9.92%) Scrum
24 198 (9.87%) Oracle
24 198 (9.87%) RESTful
25 191 (9.52%) Kubernetes
26 190 (9.47%) QA
27 181 (9.02%) Jenkins
28 175 (8.72%) Web Services

Java
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 104 (5.18%) Apache Spark
2 71 (3.54%) Elasticsearch
3 67 (3.34%) WebSphere
4 65 (3.24%) Apache
5 46 (2.29%) Tomcat
6 43 (2.14%) JBoss
7 29 (1.45%) Confluence
8 24 (1.20%) WebLogic
9 17 (0.85%) Apache TomEE
9 17 (0.85%) Oracle SOA Suite
10 12 (0.60%) Apache Solr
11 10 (0.50%) Hyperledger
12 7 (0.35%) Apache Pig
12 7 (0.35%) Appian
12 7 (0.35%) WebSphere Application Server
13 6 (0.30%) Adobe Experience Manager
13 6 (0.30%) Oracle Coherence
14 5 (0.25%) Alfresco
14 5 (0.25%) Cloud Foundry
14 5 (0.25%) LiveCycle
Applications
1 11 (0.55%) Microsoft Office
2 8 (0.40%) Microsoft Excel
3 7 (0.35%) Adobe Creative Suite
3 7 (0.35%) Adobe Illustrator
3 7 (0.35%) Photoshop
4 6 (0.30%) InDesign
5 4 (0.20%) Chatbot
5 4 (0.20%) Maple
6 3 (0.15%) Microsoft Project
6 3 (0.15%) MS Visio
7 1 (0.050%) GNU Octave
7 1 (0.050%) LaTeX
7 1 (0.050%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 9 (0.45%) SAP ERP
1 9 (0.45%) SAP Hybris
2 5 (0.25%) Distributed Ledger
2 5 (0.25%) MetaTrader
2 5 (0.25%) Salesforce.com CRM
3 4 (0.20%) R3 Corda
4 3 (0.15%) ION MarketView
4 3 (0.15%) Magento
4 3 (0.15%) Payment Gateway
5 2 (0.100%) Temenos T24
5 2 (0.100%) Unit4 Business World
6 1 (0.050%) Aareon QL
6 1 (0.050%) Academy Housing
6 1 (0.050%) Dynamics CRM
6 1 (0.050%) Dynamics GP
6 1 (0.050%) Dynamics NAV
6 1 (0.050%) Lawson
6 1 (0.050%) Oracle Financials
6 1 (0.050%) Orchard Housing
6 1 (0.050%) thinkFolio
Cloud Services
1 361 (18.00%) Amazon AWS
2 119 (5.93%) Microsoft Azure
3 94 (4.69%) Google Cloud Platform
4 43 (2.14%) GitHub
5 31 (1.55%) SaaS
6 25 (1.25%) Serverless
7 24 (1.20%) AWS Lambda
8 22 (1.10%) OpenShift
9 21 (1.05%) Amazon EC2
10 17 (0.85%) AWS CloudFormation
11 16 (0.80%) PaaS
12 13 (0.65%) Cloud Computing
13 10 (0.50%) Amazon S3
13 10 (0.50%) IaaS
14 7 (0.35%) npm
14 7 (0.35%) Virtual Private Cloud
15 6 (0.30%) Amazon CloudWatch
15 6 (0.30%) Amazon SQS
15 6 (0.30%) NuGet
15 6 (0.30%) Sauce Labs
Communications & Networking
1 30 (1.50%) HTTP
2 25 (1.25%) Internet
3 15 (0.75%) Firewall
4 13 (0.65%) AMQP
4 13 (0.65%) DNS
5 11 (0.55%) TCP/IP
6 5 (0.25%) SSL
6 5 (0.25%) VLAN
7 4 (0.20%) Ethernet
7 4 (0.20%) LAN
7 4 (0.20%) VPN
7 4 (0.20%) WAN
8 3 (0.15%) DHCP
8 3 (0.15%) Network Security
8 3 (0.15%) VoIP
9 2 (0.100%) Cisco ASA
9 2 (0.100%) FTP
9 2 (0.100%) NetScaler
9 2 (0.100%) SMS
9 2 (0.100%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 248 (12.36%) Big Data
2 160 (7.98%) NoSQL
3 116 (5.78%) Relational Database
4 114 (5.68%) MySQL
5 106 (5.28%) SQL Server
6 101 (5.03%) Hadoop
7 82 (4.09%) MongoDB
7 82 (4.09%) PostgreSQL
8 77 (3.84%) Apache Cassandra
9 71 (3.54%) RDBMS
10 49 (2.44%) Redis
11 43 (2.14%) HBase
12 38 (1.89%) Data Warehouse
13 31 (1.55%) Blockchain
14 26 (1.30%) Apache Hive
15 24 (1.20%) Amazon Redshift
16 20 (1.00%) Data Lake
16 20 (1.00%) Oracle Database
17 13 (0.65%) Power BI
17 13 (0.65%) QlikView
Development Applications
1 181 (9.02%) Jenkins
2 162 (8.08%) Git (software)
3 132 (6.58%) Selenium
4 131 (6.53%) Maven
5 87 (4.34%) JIRA
6 84 (4.19%) Cucumber
6 84 (4.19%) Gradle
7 61 (3.04%) JUnit
8 46 (2.29%) WebDriver
9 34 (1.69%) git-flow
9 34 (1.69%) Subversion
10 33 (1.65%) Mockito
11 30 (1.50%) RSpec
12 26 (1.30%) Ant
13 24 (1.20%) Sonatype Nexus
14 20 (1.00%) Atlassian Bamboo
15 18 (0.90%) TeamCity
16 16 (0.80%) webpack
17 15 (0.75%) SonarQube
18 13 (0.65%) GitLab
General
1 651 (32.45%) Finance
2 257 (12.81%) Banking
3 137 (6.83%) Front Office
4 65 (3.24%) Law
5 60 (2.99%) Games
5 60 (2.99%) Investment Banking
6 56 (2.79%) Advertising
7 50 (2.49%) Financial Institution
8 46 (2.29%) Retail
9 32 (1.60%) Telecoms
10 23 (1.15%) Marketing
11 21 (1.05%) Publishing
12 20 (1.00%) Back Office
13 10 (0.50%) German Language
14 9 (0.45%) Electronics
14 9 (0.45%) General Ledger
15 8 (0.40%) French Language
16 6 (0.30%) Legal
16 6 (0.30%) Pharmaceutical
16 6 (0.30%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 1,164 (58.03%) Developer
2 852 (42.47%) Java Developer
3 248 (12.36%) Senior Developer
4 179 (8.92%) Senior Java Developer
5 121 (6.03%) Software Engineer
6 119 (5.93%) Java Engineer
7 90 (4.49%) DevOps Engineer
8 82 (4.09%) Architect
9 65 (3.24%) Full Stack Developer
9 65 (3.24%) Lead Developer
10 64 (3.19%) Analyst
11 61 (3.04%) Graduate
12 60 (2.99%) Agile Developer
13 59 (2.94%) Graduate Developer
14 58 (2.89%) Python Developer
15 55 (2.74%) Agile Java Developer
16 52 (2.59%) AWS Engineer
16 52 (2.59%) Junior
17 49 (2.44%) Data Engineer
18 47 (2.34%) Lead Java Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 411 (20.49%) Spring
2 253 (12.61%) HTML
3 198 (9.87%) RESTful
4 175 (8.72%) Web Services
5 168 (8.37%) REST
6 164 (8.18%) .NET
7 153 (7.63%) Spring Boot
8 151 (7.53%) AngularJS
9 147 (7.33%) Node.js
9 147 (7.33%) React
10 141 (7.03%) CSS
11 123 (6.13%) Kafka
12 114 (5.68%) J2EE
13 89 (4.44%) Hibernate
14 85 (4.24%) XML
15 71 (3.54%) Java EE
16 52 (2.59%) HTML5
17 50 (2.49%) Elastic Stack
17 50 (2.49%) SOAP
18 49 (2.44%) JMS
Miscellaneous
1 234 (11.67%) Fintech
2 155 (7.73%) Greenfield Project
3 130 (6.48%) Analytical Skills
4 105 (5.23%) Algorithms
5 61 (3.04%) Mobile App
6 55 (2.74%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
7 45 (2.24%) Fixed Income
8 43 (2.14%) User Experience
9 42 (2.09%) Enterprise Software
10 40 (1.99%) Self-Motivation
11 39 (1.94%) Data Structures
12 38 (1.89%) Hedge funds
13 36 (1.79%) Data Centre
14 35 (1.74%) Xbox
15 31 (1.55%) Public Cloud
16 29 (1.45%) Derivative
17 23 (1.15%) Equities
18 17 (0.85%) Video on Demand
18 17 (0.85%) Virtual Team
19 16 (0.80%) Credit Risk
Operating Systems
1 279 (13.91%) Linux
2 115 (5.73%) Unix
3 58 (2.89%) Windows
4 44 (2.19%) Android
5 27 (1.35%) Apple iOS
6 20 (1.00%) Windows Server
7 15 (0.75%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 11 (0.55%) Ubuntu
9 7 (0.35%) Solaris
10 6 (0.30%) Debian
11 4 (0.20%) Windows Mobile
11 4 (0.20%) Windows Server 2008
12 3 (0.15%) Amazon Linux
12 3 (0.15%) Windows 10
12 3 (0.15%) Windows 7
13 2 (0.100%) Mac OS X
13 2 (0.100%) Windows Server 2012
14 1 (0.050%) AIX
14 1 (0.050%) HPUX
14 1 (0.050%) VMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 902 (44.97%) Agile Software Development
2 475 (23.68%) Microservices
3 408 (20.34%) TDD
4 311 (15.50%) DevOps
5 308 (15.35%) Software Engineering
6 236 (11.76%) Computer Science
7 211 (10.52%) Continuous Integration
8 199 (9.92%) Scrum
9 162 (8.08%) Analytics
10 161 (8.03%) Test Automation
11 141 (7.03%) SDLC
12 138 (6.88%) OO
13 131 (6.53%) Mathematics
14 129 (6.43%) BDD
15 126 (6.28%) Multithreading
16 114 (5.68%) Machine Learning
17 111 (5.53%) Mentoring
18 100 (4.99%) Project Management
19 97 (4.84%) Low Latency
19 97 (4.84%) Open Source
Programming Languages
1 575 (28.66%) Python
2 463 (23.08%) JavaScript
3 424 (21.14%) SQL
4 382 (19.04%) Java 8
5 277 (13.81%) C#
6 268 (13.36%) C++
7 169 (8.42%) Scala
8 99 (4.94%) Go
9 96 (4.79%) Ruby
10 70 (3.49%) Perl
11 64 (3.19%) C
12 54 (2.69%) Kotlin
13 53 (2.64%) PHP
14 49 (2.44%) Bash Shell
15 47 (2.34%) Groovy
16 37 (1.84%) R
17 36 (1.79%) Haskell
18 35 (1.74%) Objective-C
19 32 (1.60%) Shell Script
20 21 (1.05%) PL/SQL
Qualifications
1 248 (12.36%) Degree
2 63 (3.14%) PhD
3 50 (2.49%) Computer Science Degree
4 25 (1.25%) Security Cleared
5 10 (0.50%) ISEB
5 10 (0.50%) ISTQB
5 10 (0.50%) SC Cleared
6 6 (0.30%) Master's Degree
6 6 (0.30%) TOGAF Certification
7 4 (0.20%) OSCP
8 3 (0.15%) CISSP
8 3 (0.15%) DV Cleared
9 2 (0.100%) CEH
9 2 (0.100%) CFA
9 2 (0.100%) GIAC
9 2 (0.100%) GPEN
9 2 (0.100%) ITIL Certification
9 2 (0.100%) Microsoft Certification
9 2 (0.100%) Numerate Degree
9 2 (0.100%) Postgraduate
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 190 (9.47%) QA
2 10 (0.50%) MiFID
3 8 (0.40%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 7 (0.35%) SLA
5 6 (0.30%) GDPR
6 5 (0.25%) Data Quality
7 4 (0.20%) Cyber Essentials
7 4 (0.20%) HIPAA
8 3 (0.15%) PCI DSS
9 1 (0.050%) Solvency II
System Software
1 343 (17.10%) Docker
2 32 (1.60%) HDFS
3 29 (1.45%) Virtual Machines
4 16 (0.80%) Apache ZooKeeper
5 15 (0.75%) Active Directory
6 14 (0.70%) Apache Flume
7 7 (0.35%) Varnish
8 6 (0.30%) VMware Infrastructure
9 3 (0.15%) Hyper-V
9 3 (0.15%) Oracle RAC
9 3 (0.15%) XenApp
10 1 (0.050%) etcd
10 1 (0.050%) Firmware
10 1 (0.050%) VirtualBox
Systems Management
1 191 (9.52%) Kubernetes
2 131 (6.53%) Ansible
3 90 (4.49%) Puppet
4 82 (4.09%) Opscode Chef
5 62 (3.09%) Terraform
6 51 (2.54%) Prometheus
7 34 (1.69%) Salt
8 33 (1.65%) Consul
9 32 (1.60%) Packer
10 28 (1.40%) Icinga
11 20 (1.00%) Grafana
12 18 (0.90%) Oozie
13 17 (0.85%) Kibana
14 16 (0.80%) Docker Swarm
15 8 (0.40%) Single Sign-On
16 6 (0.30%) Hadoop YARN
16 6 (0.30%) logstash
17 4 (0.20%) linkerd
18 3 (0.15%) Enterprise Manager Cloud Control
18 3 (0.15%) Graphite
Vendors
1 198 (9.87%) Oracle
2 58 (2.89%) Google
3 50 (2.49%) Microsoft
4 28 (1.40%) IBM
4 28 (1.40%) Tableau
5 26 (1.30%) Red Hat
6 25 (1.25%) TIBCO
7 23 (1.15%) Sybase
8 21 (1.05%) Salesforce.com
9 18 (0.90%) Cloudera
10 16 (0.80%) Hortonworks
10 16 (0.80%) Talend
11 14 (0.70%) Terracotta
12 13 (0.65%) Adobe
12 13 (0.65%) hybris
12 13 (0.65%) SAP
13 10 (0.50%) Splunk
14 9 (0.45%) ForgeRock
14 9 (0.45%) MapR
14 9 (0.45%) Spotify