Period
to 29 July 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for Java skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Java over the 6 months to 29 July 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Java
Central London > City of London
6 months to
29 Jul 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 9 6 6
Rank change year-on-year -3 0 +1
Permanent jobs citing Java 1,016 890 1,802
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the City of London 18.18% 16.67% 17.60%
As % of the Programming Languages category 30.02% 28.99% 28.92%
Number of salaries quoted 921 804 1,616
10th Percentile £48,750 £47,150 £47,241
25th Percentile £62,500 £62,500 £57,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £82,500 £75,000 £75,000
Median % change year-on-year +10.00% - +7.14%
75th Percentile £102,500 £96,250 £90,000
90th Percentile £117,500 £116,750 £109,375
Central London median annual salary £82,500 £75,000 £75,000
% change year-on-year +10.00% - +7.14%

Java is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
City of London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 3,384 3,070 6,230
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the City of London 60.56% 57.50% 60.85%
Number of salaries quoted 3,092 2,734 5,604
10th Percentile £46,250 £43,750 £42,500
25th Percentile £55,000 £53,750 £52,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £75,000 £70,000 £67,500
Median % change year-on-year +7.14% +3.70% +3.85%
75th Percentile £93,750 £86,250 £83,750
90th Percentile £108,750 £105,000 £97,500
Central London median annual salary £75,000 £70,000 £66,250
% change year-on-year +7.14% +5.66% +6.00%

Java
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing Java as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for Java in the City of London

Java
Salary Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Java in the City of London.

Salary trend for Java in the City of London

Java
Salary Histogram in the City of London

Salary distribution for jobs citing Java in the City of London over the 6 months to 29 July 2021.

Salary histogram for Java in the City of London

Java
Job Locations in the City of London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Java within the City of London region over the 6 months to 29 July 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Moorgate +4 1 £50,000 -25.93%
London Bridge +1 1 £77,500 +34.78%
Java
Central London

For the 6 months to 29 July 2021, IT jobs citing Java also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for Java.

1 422 (41.54%) Agile Software Development
2 315 (31.00%) Finance
3 312 (30.71%) Microservices
4 308 (30.31%) AWS
5 274 (26.97%) Kubernetes
6 271 (26.67%) DevOps
7 268 (26.38%) Python
8 235 (23.13%) Fintech
9 222 (21.85%) Docker
10 207 (20.37%) Software Engineering
11 192 (18.90%) Spring
12 185 (18.21%) SQL
13 179 (17.62%) Test Automation
14 178 (17.52%) Azure
15 174 (17.13%) Jenkins
16 173 (17.03%) JavaScript
17 171 (16.83%) Kafka
18 165 (16.24%) Big Data
18 165 (16.24%) Banking
19 147 (14.47%) GCP
19 147 (14.47%) Social Skills
20 144 (14.17%) TDD
20 144 (14.17%) Hadoop
21 143 (14.07%) QA
22 140 (13.78%) C#
23 138 (13.58%) Spring Boot
24 133 (13.09%) Java 8
25 121 (11.91%) React
26 117 (11.52%) OO
27 114 (11.22%) NoSQL

Java
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 101 (9.94%) Apache Spark
2 32 (3.15%) Confluence
2 32 (3.15%) Elasticsearch
3 17 (1.67%) Apache
4 8 (0.79%) Adobe Experience Manager
5 6 (0.59%) Apache Airflow
5 6 (0.59%) OpenStack
5 6 (0.59%) Red Hat Fuse
5 6 (0.59%) Tomcat
6 5 (0.49%) Oracle Coherence
6 5 (0.49%) SAS
6 5 (0.49%) WebSphere
7 4 (0.39%) Cloud Foundry
7 4 (0.39%) CMS
7 4 (0.39%) GlassFish
7 4 (0.39%) JBoss
8 2 (0.20%) Appian
8 2 (0.20%) GemFire
8 2 (0.20%) SharePoint
9 1 (0.098%) IIS
Applications
1 17 (1.67%) Spreadsheet
2 6 (0.59%) 3ds Max
2 6 (0.59%) Maya
2 6 (0.59%) Photoshop
2 6 (0.59%) ZBrush
3 3 (0.30%) InVision
3 3 (0.30%) Microsoft Excel
3 3 (0.30%) Sketch
4 2 (0.20%) Microsoft Office
5 1 (0.098%) Houdini
5 1 (0.098%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 4 (0.39%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
2 3 (0.30%) Distributed Ledger
3 2 (0.20%) R3 Corda
4 1 (0.098%) IntelliMatch
4 1 (0.098%) Oracle EBS
4 1 (0.098%) Oracle EBS R12
4 1 (0.098%) Salesforce.com CRM
4 1 (0.098%) SunGard Martini
Cloud Services
1 308 (30.31%) AWS
2 178 (17.52%) Azure
3 147 (14.47%) GCP
4 64 (6.30%) Serverless
5 55 (5.41%) SaaS
6 31 (3.05%) Amazon EC2
7 25 (2.46%) AWS Lambda
8 23 (2.26%) PaaS
9 16 (1.57%) Amazon S3
9 16 (1.57%) AWS CloudFormation
9 16 (1.57%) IaaS
10 13 (1.28%) Amazon EKS
10 13 (1.28%) OpenShift
11 12 (1.18%) Amazon ECS
11 12 (1.18%) Amazon Kinesis
12 11 (1.08%) GitHub
13 9 (0.89%) Cloud Computing
14 5 (0.49%) Power Platform
14 5 (0.49%) Snowflake
15 4 (0.39%) Datadog
Communications & Networking
1 21 (2.07%) HTTP
2 8 (0.79%) AMQP
3 4 (0.39%) Firewall
3 4 (0.39%) SSH
4 2 (0.20%) Internet
4 2 (0.20%) TCP/IP
5 1 (0.098%) Calico
5 1 (0.098%) DNS
5 1 (0.098%) Network Security
Database & Business Intelligence
1 165 (16.24%) Big Data
2 144 (14.17%) Hadoop
3 114 (11.22%) NoSQL
4 108 (10.63%) MongoDB
5 81 (7.97%) PostgreSQL
6 71 (6.99%) Relational Database
7 61 (6.00%) SQL Server
8 51 (5.02%) Apache Cassandra
9 49 (4.82%) Amazon DynamoDB
10 35 (3.44%) Amazon Redshift
11 30 (2.95%) MySQL
12 26 (2.56%) BigQuery
13 24 (2.36%) Blockchain
14 22 (2.17%) Apache Hive
15 20 (1.97%) Data Lake
16 18 (1.77%) Amazon RDS
17 17 (1.67%) Data Warehouse
18 14 (1.38%) Flink
18 14 (1.38%) Oracle Database
19 13 (1.28%) Redis
Development Applications
1 174 (17.13%) Jenkins
2 102 (10.04%) Git (software)
3 92 (9.06%) Selenium
4 75 (7.38%) Cucumber
5 68 (6.69%) Atlassian Bamboo
6 63 (6.20%) JIRA
7 41 (4.04%) Maven
8 36 (3.54%) SonarQube
9 34 (3.35%) Postman
10 28 (2.76%) JUnit
11 27 (2.66%) TeamCity
11 27 (2.66%) WebDriver
12 24 (2.36%) JMeter
13 22 (2.17%) Bitbucket
14 18 (1.77%) Travis CI
15 16 (1.57%) CircleCI
16 15 (1.48%) GitLab
16 15 (1.48%) Gradle
16 15 (1.48%) Robot Framework
17 13 (1.28%) REST Assured
General
1 315 (31.00%) Finance
2 165 (16.24%) Banking
3 147 (14.47%) Social Skills
4 91 (8.96%) Front Office
5 41 (4.04%) Retail
6 39 (3.84%) Presentation Skills
7 34 (3.35%) Games
8 33 (3.25%) Analytical Skills
9 32 (3.15%) Influencing Skills
10 30 (2.95%) Investment Banking
11 16 (1.57%) Public Sector
12 11 (1.08%) Advertising
13 6 (0.59%) Retail Banking
14 5 (0.49%) Billing
14 5 (0.49%) Organisational Skills
14 5 (0.49%) Public Speaking
14 5 (0.49%) Publishing
15 4 (0.39%) Financial Institution
15 4 (0.39%) Marketing
15 4 (0.39%) Telecoms
Job Titles
1 483 (47.54%) Developer
2 359 (35.33%) Java Developer
3 139 (13.68%) Java Engineer
4 114 (11.22%) Senior Developer
5 91 (8.96%) Senior Java Developer
6 76 (7.48%) Software Engineer
7 67 (6.59%) Java Developer - Fintech
8 59 (5.81%) Big Data Engineer
9 53 (5.22%) DevOps Engineer
10 52 (5.12%) Technical Leader
11 48 (4.72%) Data Engineer
12 44 (4.33%) Lead Developer
13 37 (3.64%) Java Software Engineer
13 37 (3.64%) QA Engineer
14 35 (3.44%) Senior Java Engineer
15 34 (3.35%) Electronic Trading Developer
16 33 (3.25%) Java Pricing Developer
16 33 (3.25%) Pricing Developer
16 33 (3.25%) Software Developer
17 31 (3.05%) Front Office Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 192 (18.90%) Spring
2 171 (16.83%) Kafka
3 138 (13.58%) Spring Boot
4 121 (11.91%) React
5 109 (10.73%) REST
6 100 (9.84%) AngularJS
7 85 (8.37%) Node.js
8 74 (7.28%) Web Services
9 62 (6.10%) HTML
10 58 (5.71%) RESTful
11 46 (4.53%) .NET
12 45 (4.43%) CSS
13 44 (4.33%) HTML5
14 39 (3.84%) OAuth
15 35 (3.44%) OAuth2
15 35 (3.44%) XML
16 34 (3.35%) JMS
17 33 (3.25%) OpenID
18 28 (2.76%) FIX Protocol
18 28 (2.76%) Hibernate
Miscellaneous
1 67 (6.59%) Greenfield Project
2 57 (5.61%) Algorithms
3 50 (4.92%) Data Structures
4 45 (4.43%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
4 45 (4.43%) Self-Motivation
5 43 (4.23%) Fixed Income
6 34 (3.35%) Derivative
7 30 (2.95%) Enterprise Software
8 24 (2.36%) User Experience
9 21 (2.07%) Clustering
10 20 (1.97%) Hedge funds
10 20 (1.97%) Legacy Systems
10 20 (1.97%) Video\Live Streaming
11 19 (1.87%) Equity Derivative
12 18 (1.77%) Equities
12 18 (1.77%) Mobile App
13 16 (1.57%) Management Information System
14 14 (1.38%) Cloud Native
14 14 (1.38%) Private Cloud
15 13 (1.28%) Public Cloud
Operating Systems
1 105 (10.33%) Linux
2 53 (5.22%) Unix
3 20 (1.97%) Windows
4 8 (0.79%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
4 8 (0.79%) Ubuntu
5 7 (0.69%) Android
6 6 (0.59%) CentOS
7 4 (0.39%) Mac OS X
8 3 (0.30%) Apple iOS
9 1 (0.098%) Solaris
Processes & Methodologies
1 422 (41.54%) Agile Software Development
2 312 (30.71%) Microservices
3 271 (26.67%) DevOps
4 235 (23.13%) Fintech
5 207 (20.37%) Software Engineering
6 179 (17.62%) Test Automation
7 144 (14.17%) TDD
8 117 (11.52%) OO
9 95 (9.35%) Multithreading
10 87 (8.56%) Continuous Integration
11 81 (7.97%) Analytics
12 71 (6.99%) Infrastructure as Code
13 68 (6.69%) Electronic Trading
13 68 (6.69%) Open Source
14 64 (6.30%) Full Stack Development
14 64 (6.30%) Technical Leadership
15 59 (5.81%) Scrum
16 58 (5.71%) API Testing
17 57 (5.61%) Computer Science
17 57 (5.61%) SDET
Programming Languages
1 268 (26.38%) Python
2 185 (18.21%) SQL
3 173 (17.03%) JavaScript
4 140 (13.78%) C#
5 133 (13.09%) Java 8
6 96 (9.45%) Kotlin
7 95 (9.35%) C++
8 93 (9.15%) Scala
9 55 (5.41%) TypeScript
10 40 (3.94%) Bash Shell
11 34 (3.35%) Go
12 25 (2.46%) PHP
13 24 (2.36%) Java 11
14 22 (2.17%) Ruby
15 18 (1.77%) ES6
16 17 (1.67%) Shell Script
17 14 (1.38%) C
17 14 (1.38%) PowerShell
17 14 (1.38%) R
18 11 (1.08%) Perl
Qualifications
1 83 (8.17%) Degree
2 34 (3.35%) Master's Degree
3 29 (2.85%) Computer Science Degree
4 22 (2.17%) Security Cleared
5 21 (2.07%) SC Cleared
6 11 (1.08%) ISTQB
7 4 (0.39%) AWS Certification
7 4 (0.39%) ISEB
7 4 (0.39%) PhD
8 3 (0.30%) DBS Check
8 3 (0.30%) SANS
9 2 (0.20%) CREST Certified
9 2 (0.20%) OSCP
10 1 (0.098%) DV Cleared
10 1 (0.098%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
10 1 (0.098%) OCP
10 1 (0.098%) Oracle Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 143 (14.07%) QA
2 37 (3.64%) GDPR
3 9 (0.89%) Data Quality
4 5 (0.49%) WCAG
5 4 (0.39%) Accessibility
5 4 (0.39%) ISO 20022
6 3 (0.30%) PMO
7 2 (0.20%) PCI DSS
7 2 (0.20%) SLA
8 1 (0.098%) Cyber Essentials
8 1 (0.098%) HMG Security Policy Framework
8 1 (0.098%) ISO 15022
8 1 (0.098%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 1 (0.098%) NIST
8 1 (0.098%) SEPA
System Software
1 222 (21.85%) Docker
2 7 (0.69%) Apache ZooKeeper
3 6 (0.59%) HDFS
4 3 (0.30%) OpenAM
4 3 (0.30%) OpenDJ
5 2 (0.20%) LXC
5 2 (0.20%) Virtual Machines
5 2 (0.20%) VMware Infrastructure
5 2 (0.20%) Xen
6 1 (0.098%) ISA Server
Systems Management
1 274 (26.97%) Kubernetes
2 93 (9.15%) Terraform
3 55 (5.41%) Ansible
4 30 (2.95%) Puppet
5 17 (1.67%) Opscode Chef
6 12 (1.18%) Grafana
7 9 (0.89%) Prometheus
8 5 (0.49%) SCOM
9 3 (0.30%) Docker Swarm
9 3 (0.30%) Kibana
9 3 (0.30%) Mesos
10 2 (0.20%) HP Quality Center
10 2 (0.20%) Jamf Pro
10 2 (0.20%) logstash
10 2 (0.20%) Nagios
10 2 (0.20%) Packer
10 2 (0.20%) Salt
11 1 (0.098%) HAProxy
11 1 (0.098%) QRadar
11 1 (0.098%) ZABBIX
Vendors
1 87 (8.56%) Oracle
2 37 (3.64%) Google
3 31 (3.05%) Microsoft
4 10 (0.98%) IBM
4 10 (0.98%) Talend
5 8 (0.79%) Adobe
6 7 (0.69%) ServiceNow
6 7 (0.69%) Splunk
6 7 (0.69%) Sybase
7 6 (0.59%) AppDynamics
7 6 (0.59%) Atlassian
7 6 (0.59%) Dynatrace
7 6 (0.59%) Salesforce.com
8 5 (0.49%) Charles River
8 5 (0.49%) Cloudera
8 5 (0.49%) Red Hat
8 5 (0.49%) Solace
8 5 (0.49%) TIBCO
8 5 (0.49%) VMware
9 4 (0.39%) Databricks