Period
to 18 December 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for Java skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Java over the 6 months to 18 December 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Java
Central London > City of London
6 months to
18 Dec 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 5 5 5
Rank change year-on-year 0 0 +1
Permanent jobs citing Java 2,167 2,038 2,046
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the City of London 20.38% 19.52% 18.22%
As % of the Programming Languages category 32.50% 34.03% 31.28%
Number of salaries quoted 1,996 1,902 1,887
City of London median annual salary £70,000 £67,500 £65,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +3.70% +3.85% +4.00%
10th Percentile £41,250 £41,250 £40,000
90th Percentile £100,000 £105,000 £97,500
Central London median annual salary £70,000 £65,000 £62,500
% change year-on-year +7.69% +4.00% -

Java is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
City of London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 6,667 5,988 6,540
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the City of London 62.70% 57.35% 58.24%
Number of salaries quoted 6,068 5,477 6,020
City of London median annual salary £65,000 £62,500 £60,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.00% +4.17% +4.35%
10th Percentile £40,750 £39,400 £36,750
90th Percentile £96,250 £95,000 £90,000
Central London median annual salary £65,000 £60,000 £57,500
% change year-on-year +8.33% +4.35% +0.88%

Java
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing Java as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for Java in the City of London

Java
Salary Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Java in the City of London.

Salary trend for Java in the City of London

Java
Salary Histogram in the City of London

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Java in the City of London over the 6 months to 18 December 2018.

Salary histogram for Java in the City of London

Java
Job Locations in the City of London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Java within the City of London region over the 6 months to 18 December 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London Bridge 0 7 £40,000 -45.76%
Moorgate - 6 £65,000 - 1
Java
Central London

For the 6 months to 18 December 2018, IT jobs citing Java also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for Java.

1 1,009 (46.56%) Agile Software Development
2 666 (30.73%) Finance
3 527 (24.32%) TDD
4 493 (22.75%) Java 8
5 492 (22.70%) Microservices
6 480 (22.15%) SQL
7 455 (21.00%) JavaScript
8 449 (20.72%) Python
9 447 (20.63%) Spring
10 330 (15.23%) Software Engineering
11 321 (14.81%) Amazon AWS
12 318 (14.67%) Linux
13 317 (14.63%) DevOps
14 312 (14.40%) Big Data
15 302 (13.94%) Continuous Integration
16 281 (12.97%) Banking
17 276 (12.74%) C#
18 256 (11.81%) Docker
19 254 (11.72%) HTML
20 251 (11.58%) C++
21 249 (11.49%) Fintech
22 248 (11.44%) Computer Science
23 233 (10.75%) Web Services
24 230 (10.61%) RESTful
25 223 (10.29%) Degree
26 216 (9.97%) REST
27 214 (9.88%) CSS
28 211 (9.74%) Scrum
29 208 (9.60%) Scala
30 199 (9.18%) Spring Boot

Java
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 100 (4.61%) Apache Spark
2 62 (2.86%) Elasticsearch
3 48 (2.22%) Apache
4 45 (2.08%) Tomcat
5 33 (1.52%) WebSphere
6 30 (1.38%) JBoss
7 19 (0.88%) Confluence
8 18 (0.83%) Oracle Workflow
9 17 (0.78%) Oracle SOA Suite
10 16 (0.74%) Apache TomEE
11 15 (0.69%) WebLogic
12 13 (0.60%) CMS
12 13 (0.60%) WordPress
13 12 (0.55%) Hyperledger
14 11 (0.51%) Ethereum
15 9 (0.42%) Apache Solr
16 7 (0.32%) Drupal
16 7 (0.32%) nginx
16 7 (0.32%) SharePoint
16 7 (0.32%) WebSphere Application Server
Applications
1 15 (0.69%) Microsoft Excel
2 3 (0.14%) Adobe Creative Suite
2 3 (0.14%) Adobe Illustrator
2 3 (0.14%) InDesign
2 3 (0.14%) Photoshop
3 2 (0.092%) Maple
3 2 (0.092%) Maya
3 2 (0.092%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 2 (0.092%) MS Visio
4 1 (0.046%) Chatbot
4 1 (0.046%) GNU Octave
4 1 (0.046%) Microsoft Project
Business Applications
1 16 (0.74%) Front Arena
1 16 (0.74%) Markit EDM
1 16 (0.74%) thinkFolio
2 11 (0.51%) Distributed Ledger
3 7 (0.32%) Oracle Financials
3 7 (0.32%) Oracle General Ledger
3 7 (0.32%) Ripple
4 4 (0.18%) MetaTrader
5 3 (0.14%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
6 2 (0.092%) Sentinel
7 1 (0.046%) BusinessWorks
7 1 (0.046%) Dynamics CRM
7 1 (0.046%) Kondor
7 1 (0.046%) Magento
7 1 (0.046%) R3 Corda
7 1 (0.046%) SAP Hybris
7 1 (0.046%) Unit4 Business World
Cloud Services
1 321 (14.81%) Amazon AWS
2 126 (5.81%) Microsoft Azure
3 63 (2.91%) Google Cloud Platform
4 42 (1.94%) GitHub
5 34 (1.57%) Amazon EC2
6 33 (1.52%) Cloud Computing
7 27 (1.25%) AWS CloudFormation
8 26 (1.20%) OpenShift
9 23 (1.06%) SaaS
10 21 (0.97%) Amazon S3
11 18 (0.83%) Serverless
12 14 (0.65%) PaaS
13 13 (0.60%) AWS Lambda
13 13 (0.60%) IaaS
14 12 (0.55%) Amazon EMR
14 12 (0.55%) NuGet
15 11 (0.51%) Amazon ELB
15 11 (0.51%) npm
16 10 (0.46%) Sauce Labs
17 9 (0.42%) Amazon CloudWatch
Communications & Networking
1 27 (1.25%) HTTP
2 20 (0.92%) DNS
3 17 (0.78%) Internet
4 15 (0.69%) AMQP
4 15 (0.69%) TCP/IP
5 14 (0.65%) Firewall
6 10 (0.46%) SSL
7 9 (0.42%) VPN
8 8 (0.37%) FTP
9 6 (0.28%) BGP
9 6 (0.28%) VLAN
10 5 (0.23%) SAN
10 5 (0.23%) Wireshark
11 3 (0.14%) DHCP
11 3 (0.14%) FIX Connectivity
11 3 (0.14%) HTTPS
12 2 (0.092%) DSL
12 2 (0.092%) NetScaler
12 2 (0.092%) Network Security
12 2 (0.092%) SMTP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 312 (14.40%) Big Data
2 156 (7.20%) NoSQL
3 141 (6.51%) MySQL
4 133 (6.14%) SQL Server
5 108 (4.98%) Hadoop
6 105 (4.85%) Relational Database
7 71 (3.28%) MongoDB
8 69 (3.18%) PostgreSQL
9 61 (2.81%) Apache Cassandra
10 55 (2.54%) Redis
11 45 (2.08%) Blockchain
12 42 (1.94%) RDBMS
13 31 (1.43%) Data Warehouse
14 29 (1.34%) HBase
15 26 (1.20%) Amazon Redshift
16 22 (1.02%) Apache Hive
17 21 (0.97%) Amazon RDS
18 18 (0.83%) Crystal Reports
19 14 (0.65%) Oracle Database
19 14 (0.65%) SQL Server Integration Services
Development Applications
1 198 (9.14%) Jenkins
2 188 (8.68%) Git (software)
3 170 (7.84%) Maven
4 120 (5.54%) Gradle
5 104 (4.80%) Selenium
6 86 (3.97%) JUnit
7 76 (3.51%) Cucumber
8 69 (3.18%) JIRA
9 52 (2.40%) Subversion
10 44 (2.03%) Mockito
11 42 (1.94%) WebDriver
12 29 (1.34%) Ant
13 23 (1.06%) TeamCity
14 22 (1.02%) Atlassian Bamboo
15 18 (0.83%) GitLab
16 17 (0.78%) Sonatype Nexus
17 15 (0.69%) Eclipse
17 15 (0.69%) TestNG
17 15 (0.69%) Visual Studio
18 13 (0.60%) Team Foundation Server
General
1 666 (30.73%) Finance
2 281 (12.97%) Banking
3 172 (7.94%) Front Office
4 85 (3.92%) Investment Banking
5 82 (3.78%) Games
6 75 (3.46%) Advertising
7 69 (3.18%) Financial Institution
8 54 (2.49%) Retail
9 46 (2.12%) Law
10 34 (1.57%) Publishing
11 22 (1.02%) Back Office
12 21 (0.97%) Telecoms
13 17 (0.78%) Marketing
14 14 (0.65%) Pharmaceutical
15 11 (0.51%) Retail Banking
16 10 (0.46%) French Language
17 8 (0.37%) German Language
18 7 (0.32%) General Ledger
19 5 (0.23%) Billing
19 5 (0.23%) Electronics
Job Titles
1 1,440 (66.45%) Developer
2 1,104 (50.95%) Java Developer
3 269 (12.41%) Senior Developer
4 206 (9.51%) Senior Java Developer
5 124 (5.72%) Software Engineer
6 119 (5.49%) Java Engineer
7 105 (4.85%) Agile Developer
8 103 (4.75%) Agile Java Developer
9 92 (4.25%) Graduate
10 87 (4.01%) Graduate Developer
11 76 (3.51%) Full Stack Developer
12 75 (3.46%) DevOps Engineer
12 75 (3.46%) Lead Developer
13 71 (3.28%) Java Developer - Fintech
14 70 (3.23%) Junior
15 67 (3.09%) Core Java Developer
15 67 (3.09%) Graduate Java Developer
16 64 (2.95%) Architect
17 61 (2.81%) Junior Developer
18 58 (2.68%) C++ Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 447 (20.63%) Spring
2 254 (11.72%) HTML
3 233 (10.75%) Web Services
4 230 (10.61%) RESTful
5 216 (9.97%) REST
6 214 (9.88%) CSS
7 199 (9.18%) Spring Boot
8 172 (7.94%) .NET
9 148 (6.83%) AngularJS
9 148 (6.83%) Node.js
10 147 (6.78%) Kafka
10 147 (6.78%) React
11 140 (6.46%) XML
12 138 (6.37%) Hibernate
13 79 (3.65%) RabbitMQ
14 70 (3.23%) SOAP
15 67 (3.09%) Ajax
15 67 (3.09%) HTML5
15 67 (3.09%) J2EE
16 63 (2.91%) Java EE
Miscellaneous
1 249 (11.49%) Fintech
2 171 (7.89%) Algorithms
3 153 (7.06%) Greenfield Project
4 92 (4.25%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
5 88 (4.06%) Derivative
6 81 (3.74%) Self-Motivation
7 77 (3.55%) Hedge funds
8 75 (3.46%) Analytical Skills
9 66 (3.05%) Equities
10 64 (2.95%) User Experience
11 60 (2.77%) Fixed Income
12 45 (2.08%) Data Structures
13 42 (1.94%) Xbox
14 32 (1.48%) Enterprise Software
15 27 (1.25%) Mobile App
16 22 (1.02%) Market Risk
17 21 (0.97%) Linux Command Line
18 20 (0.92%) Equity Derivative
19 19 (0.88%) Reinsurance
20 17 (0.78%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 318 (14.67%) Linux
2 95 (4.38%) Unix
3 85 (3.92%) Windows
4 31 (1.43%) Windows Server
5 26 (1.20%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 25 (1.15%) Android
7 21 (0.97%) Apple iOS
8 14 (0.65%) Ubuntu
9 13 (0.60%) Debian
10 11 (0.51%) Solaris
11 7 (0.32%) Amazon Linux
12 5 (0.23%) AIX
12 5 (0.23%) HPUX
13 4 (0.18%) CentOS
13 4 (0.18%) Mac OS X
14 3 (0.14%) openSUSE
14 3 (0.14%) Windows Server 2008
15 2 (0.092%) Windows Mobile
15 2 (0.092%) Windows Server 2012
16 1 (0.046%) zOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,009 (46.56%) Agile Software Development
2 527 (24.32%) TDD
3 492 (22.70%) Microservices
4 330 (15.23%) Software Engineering
5 317 (14.63%) DevOps
6 302 (13.94%) Continuous Integration
7 248 (11.44%) Computer Science
8 211 (9.74%) Scrum
9 166 (7.66%) SDLC
10 163 (7.52%) Multithreading
11 157 (7.25%) OO
12 155 (7.15%) BDD
13 151 (6.97%) Test Automation
14 144 (6.65%) Mathematics
15 128 (5.91%) Analytics
16 126 (5.81%) Low Latency
17 116 (5.35%) Problem-Solving
18 110 (5.08%) Continuous Delivery
19 100 (4.61%) Mentoring
19 100 (4.61%) Pair Programming
Programming Languages
1 493 (22.75%) Java 8
2 480 (22.15%) SQL
3 455 (21.00%) JavaScript
4 449 (20.72%) Python
5 276 (12.74%) C#
6 251 (11.58%) C++
7 208 (9.60%) Scala
8 111 (5.12%) PHP
9 101 (4.66%) Ruby
10 77 (3.55%) Go
11 70 (3.23%) Bash Shell
12 66 (3.05%) Perl
13 42 (1.94%) Kotlin
14 38 (1.75%) C
14 38 (1.75%) PL/SQL
15 37 (1.71%) PowerShell
16 34 (1.57%) Objective-C
17 31 (1.43%) Groovy
18 28 (1.29%) Shell Script
19 27 (1.25%) R
Qualifications
1 223 (10.29%) Degree
2 66 (3.05%) PhD
3 40 (1.85%) Computer Science Degree
4 21 (0.97%) Security Cleared
5 15 (0.69%) SC Cleared
6 10 (0.46%) CISSP
7 6 (0.28%) AWS Certification
7 6 (0.28%) ISEB
8 5 (0.23%) DV Cleared
8 5 (0.23%) ISTQB
9 4 (0.18%) Master's Degree
9 4 (0.18%) MCSA
9 4 (0.18%) MCSE
9 4 (0.18%) Microsoft Certification
9 4 (0.18%) TOGAF Certification
10 3 (0.14%) Numerate Degree
10 3 (0.14%) PMI Certification
11 2 (0.092%) CHECK Team Leader
11 2 (0.092%) CREST Certified
11 2 (0.092%) OSCP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 130 (6.00%) QA
2 22 (1.02%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 12 (0.55%) Data Quality
4 11 (0.51%) GDPR
5 10 (0.46%) Cyber Essentials
5 10 (0.46%) HIPAA
6 8 (0.37%) ISO 20022
6 8 (0.37%) SEPA
7 5 (0.23%) MiFID
8 4 (0.18%) SLA
9 2 (0.092%) PCI DSS
10 1 (0.046%) Solvency II
System Software
1 256 (11.81%) Docker
2 27 (1.25%) HDFS
3 22 (1.02%) Active Directory
4 18 (0.83%) Apache ZooKeeper
5 12 (0.55%) Hyper-V
6 11 (0.51%) VMware Infrastructure
7 6 (0.28%) Apache Flume
7 6 (0.28%) Virtual Machines
8 5 (0.23%) Varnish
8 5 (0.23%) VirtualBox
9 2 (0.092%) XenServer
10 1 (0.046%) ACF2
10 1 (0.046%) RACF
Systems Management
1 156 (7.20%) Kubernetes
2 125 (5.77%) Ansible
3 100 (4.61%) Puppet
4 82 (3.78%) Opscode Chef
5 66 (3.05%) Terraform
6 42 (1.94%) Docker Swarm
7 28 (1.29%) Prometheus
8 21 (0.97%) Nagios
9 18 (0.83%) Kibana
10 15 (0.69%) logstash
10 15 (0.69%) Salt
11 13 (0.60%) Grafana
11 13 (0.60%) Oozie
12 10 (0.46%) ZABBIX
13 8 (0.37%) Graphite
13 8 (0.37%) Hadoop YARN
13 8 (0.37%) Mesos
13 8 (0.37%) Rancher
14 7 (0.32%) Single Sign-On
15 6 (0.28%) SCOM
Vendors
1 197 (9.09%) Oracle
2 52 (2.40%) Microsoft
3 49 (2.26%) Google
4 47 (2.17%) TIBCO
5 29 (1.34%) Red Hat
6 26 (1.20%) IBM
7 24 (1.11%) Splunk
8 23 (1.06%) StreamBase
9 22 (1.02%) Calypso
10 19 (0.88%) Sybase
11 18 (0.83%) Charles River
11 18 (0.83%) Solace
11 18 (0.83%) Tableau
12 17 (0.78%) Salesforce.com
13 16 (0.74%) SimCorp
13 16 (0.74%) Talend
14 14 (0.65%) Hortonworks
14 14 (0.65%) SAP
14 14 (0.65%) Terracotta
15 13 (0.60%) Cloudera