Period
to 13 April 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for Java skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Java over the 6 months to 13 April 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Java
Central London > City of London
6 months to
13 Apr 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 9 5 5
Rank change year-on-year -4 0 +1
Permanent jobs citing Java 899 1,414 2,012
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the City of London 18.51% 16.61% 19.61%
As % of the Programming Languages category 29.74% 29.81% 31.68%
Number of salaries quoted 845 1,275 1,817
10th Percentile £52,500 £48,750 £42,800
25th Percentile £65,000 £60,000 £57,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £80,000 £75,000 £72,500
Median % change year-on-year +6.67% +3.45% +3.57%
75th Percentile £97,500 £95,000 £90,000
90th Percentile £112,500 £115,000 £100,000
Central London median annual salary £80,000 £75,000 £72,500
% change year-on-year +6.67% +3.45% +11.54%

Java is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
City of London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 3,023 4,743 6,352
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the City of London 62.24% 55.72% 61.91%
Number of salaries quoted 2,779 4,238 5,752
10th Percentile £45,000 £43,750 £40,250
25th Percentile £56,250 £52,500 £51,250
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £74,000 £70,000 £67,500
Median % change year-on-year +5.71% +3.70% +8.00%
75th Percentile £90,000 £85,000 £82,500
90th Percentile £108,350 £105,000 £96,250
Central London median annual salary £72,500 £70,000 £65,000
% change year-on-year +3.57% +7.69% +8.33%

Java
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing Java as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for Java in the City of London

Java
Salary Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Java in the City of London.

Salary trend for Java in the City of London

Java
Salary Histogram in the City of London

Salary distribution for jobs citing Java in the City of London over the 6 months to 13 April 2021.

Salary histogram for Java in the City of London

Java
Job Locations in the City of London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Java within the City of London region over the 6 months to 13 April 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Moorgate +13 1 £50,000 -33.33%
Java
Central London

For the 6 months to 13 April 2021, IT jobs citing Java also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for Java.

1 396 (44.05%) Agile Software Development
2 270 (30.03%) AWS
3 261 (29.03%) DevOps
4 248 (27.59%) Finance
5 245 (27.25%) Microservices
6 240 (26.70%) Python
7 229 (25.47%) Fintech
8 214 (23.80%) Kubernetes
9 197 (21.91%) Docker
10 190 (21.13%) SQL
11 174 (19.35%) JavaScript
12 162 (18.02%) Banking
13 156 (17.35%) TDD
14 147 (16.35%) Kafka
15 138 (15.35%) Software Engineering
16 136 (15.13%) Spring
17 135 (15.02%) Test Automation
18 134 (14.91%) Java 8
19 124 (13.79%) C#
20 121 (13.46%) Big Data
21 120 (13.35%) Azure
22 118 (13.13%) Jenkins
23 114 (12.68%) Spring Boot
23 114 (12.68%) Hadoop
24 108 (12.01%) Kotlin
25 105 (11.68%) GCP
26 97 (10.79%) Scala
26 97 (10.79%) Degree
27 90 (10.01%) Terraform
28 89 (9.90%) React

Java
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 82 (9.12%) Apache Spark
2 22 (2.45%) Apache
3 11 (1.22%) Elasticsearch
4 8 (0.89%) Adobe Experience Manager
4 8 (0.89%) Confluence
4 8 (0.89%) SAS
5 7 (0.78%) CMS
6 6 (0.67%) Apache Airflow
7 5 (0.56%) WebLogic
8 4 (0.44%) JBoss
8 4 (0.44%) WebSphere
9 3 (0.33%) Appian
9 3 (0.33%) Camunda
9 3 (0.33%) GlassFish
9 3 (0.33%) Red Hat Fuse
9 3 (0.33%) Tomcat
10 2 (0.22%) Cloud Foundry
10 2 (0.22%) Ethereum
10 2 (0.22%) IIS
10 2 (0.22%) SharePoint
Applications
1 17 (1.89%) Spreadsheet
2 4 (0.44%) Microsoft Office
3 3 (0.33%) InVision
3 3 (0.33%) Microsoft Excel
3 3 (0.33%) Sketch
4 2 (0.22%) 3ds Max
4 2 (0.22%) Maya
4 2 (0.22%) Photoshop
4 2 (0.22%) ZBrush
Business Applications
1 6 (0.67%) R3 Corda
2 4 (0.44%) FINCAD Analytics
3 3 (0.33%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
Cloud Services
1 270 (30.03%) AWS
2 120 (13.35%) Azure
3 105 (11.68%) GCP
4 53 (5.90%) SaaS
5 24 (2.67%) Serverless
6 19 (2.11%) AWS Lambda
7 16 (1.78%) Cloud Computing
8 13 (1.45%) Amazon EC2
8 13 (1.45%) Amazon S3
9 12 (1.33%) Amazon Kinesis
9 12 (1.33%) OpenShift
10 11 (1.22%) AWS CloudFormation
10 11 (1.22%) PaaS
11 10 (1.11%) Power Platform
12 9 (1.00%) Amazon SageMaker
12 9 (1.00%) GitHub
12 9 (1.00%) IaaS
13 5 (0.56%) Amazon EKS
14 4 (0.44%) Azure Active Directory
15 3 (0.33%) Amazon ECS
Communications & Networking
1 20 (2.22%) HTTP
2 13 (1.45%) TCP/IP
3 4 (0.44%) SSH
4 3 (0.33%) Firewall
4 3 (0.33%) Internet
5 2 (0.22%) 2G
5 2 (0.22%) 3G
5 2 (0.22%) 4G
5 2 (0.22%) 5G
5 2 (0.22%) DNS
5 2 (0.22%) LTE
5 2 (0.22%) MIMO
5 2 (0.22%) VoLTE
6 1 (0.11%) AMQP
6 1 (0.11%) Ethernet
6 1 (0.11%) HTTPS
6 1 (0.11%) InfiniBand
6 1 (0.11%) Multicast
6 1 (0.11%) Software-Defined Networking
6 1 (0.11%) SSL
Database & Business Intelligence
1 121 (13.46%) Big Data
2 114 (12.68%) Hadoop
3 71 (7.90%) NoSQL
4 59 (6.56%) MongoDB
5 40 (4.45%) Apache Cassandra
5 40 (4.45%) PostgreSQL
6 34 (3.78%) MySQL
7 31 (3.45%) Apache Hive
8 28 (3.11%) Amazon Redshift
8 28 (3.11%) SQL Server
9 25 (2.78%) BigQuery
10 23 (2.56%) Relational Database
11 18 (2.00%) Oracle Database
12 16 (1.78%) Data Lake
13 15 (1.67%) Amazon DynamoDB
13 15 (1.67%) Amazon RDS
14 13 (1.45%) Blockchain
14 13 (1.45%) Data Warehouse
15 12 (1.33%) BusinessObjects
15 12 (1.33%) KDB
Development Applications
1 118 (13.13%) Jenkins
2 75 (8.34%) Git (software)
3 68 (7.56%) Selenium
4 59 (6.56%) Cucumber
5 33 (3.67%) JIRA
6 26 (2.89%) Travis CI
7 25 (2.78%) WebDriver
8 24 (2.67%) Atlassian Bamboo
8 24 (2.67%) CircleCI
9 21 (2.34%) Maven
10 17 (1.89%) Bitbucket
10 17 (1.89%) JUnit
11 16 (1.78%) Appium
12 14 (1.56%) GitLab
13 11 (1.22%) Gradle
13 11 (1.22%) JMeter
14 10 (1.11%) TeamCity
15 9 (1.00%) Mockito
16 8 (0.89%) Postman
17 7 (0.78%) SonarQube
General
1 248 (27.59%) Finance
2 162 (18.02%) Banking
3 62 (6.90%) Front Office
4 21 (2.34%) Investment Banking
5 18 (2.00%) Advertising
6 13 (1.45%) Games
6 13 (1.45%) Retail Banking
7 12 (1.33%) Private Banking
7 12 (1.33%) Public Sector
8 11 (1.22%) Retail
9 9 (1.00%) Marketing
10 5 (0.56%) Back Office
10 5 (0.56%) Billing
10 5 (0.56%) Financial Institution
11 4 (0.44%) Publishing
11 4 (0.44%) Telecoms
12 3 (0.33%) Electronics
12 3 (0.33%) Law
13 2 (0.22%) Manufacturing
14 1 (0.11%) Spanish Language
Job Titles
1 439 (48.83%) Developer
2 291 (32.37%) Java Developer
3 118 (13.13%) Senior Developer
4 111 (12.35%) Java Engineer
5 77 (8.57%) Software Engineer
6 61 (6.79%) Senior Java Developer
7 58 (6.45%) Java Developer - Fintech
8 46 (5.12%) Lead Developer
8 46 (5.12%) Software Developer
9 45 (5.01%) Data Engineer
10 44 (4.89%) Big Data Engineer
11 43 (4.78%) DevOps Engineer
12 42 (4.67%) Full Stack Developer
13 37 (4.12%) Java Software Engineer
14 33 (3.67%) Electronic Trading Developer
15 27 (3.00%) Electronic Trading Java Developer
16 26 (2.89%) AWS Engineer
16 26 (2.89%) Cloud Engineer
16 26 (2.89%) Kubernetes Engineer
17 25 (2.78%) Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 147 (16.35%) Kafka
2 136 (15.13%) Spring
3 114 (12.68%) Spring Boot
4 89 (9.90%) React
5 80 (8.90%) Node.js
6 76 (8.45%) REST
7 74 (8.23%) Web Services
8 68 (7.56%) AngularJS
9 59 (6.56%) HTML
10 53 (5.90%) .NET
10 53 (5.90%) RESTful
11 49 (5.45%) CSS
12 39 (4.34%) JMS
13 35 (3.89%) HTML5
14 34 (3.78%) XML
15 29 (3.23%) ActiveMQ
16 20 (2.22%) Hibernate
17 19 (2.11%) JSON
18 17 (1.89%) Redux
19 15 (1.67%) Java EE
Miscellaneous
1 68 (7.56%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
2 61 (6.79%) Greenfield Project
3 58 (6.45%) Algorithms
4 43 (4.78%) Data Structures
5 39 (4.34%) Fixed Income
5 39 (4.34%) Self-Motivation
6 38 (4.23%) Analytical Skills
7 21 (2.34%) Video\Live Streaming
8 20 (2.22%) Equities
9 19 (2.11%) User Experience
10 18 (2.00%) Derivative
11 17 (1.89%) Mobile App
12 16 (1.78%) Enterprise Software
13 14 (1.56%) Hedge funds
14 11 (1.22%) Cloud Native
15 10 (1.11%) Management Information System
16 9 (1.00%) Video on Demand
17 8 (0.89%) Clustering
17 8 (0.89%) Exotic Derivative
17 8 (0.89%) Social Media
Operating Systems
1 72 (8.01%) Linux
2 37 (4.12%) Unix
3 28 (3.11%) Android
4 12 (1.33%) Windows
5 10 (1.11%) Apple iOS
6 4 (0.44%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 3 (0.33%) CentOS
8 1 (0.11%) Ubuntu
Processes & Methodologies
1 396 (44.05%) Agile Software Development
2 261 (29.03%) DevOps
3 245 (27.25%) Microservices
4 229 (25.47%) Fintech
5 156 (17.35%) TDD
6 138 (15.35%) Software Engineering
7 135 (15.02%) Test Automation
8 85 (9.45%) Computer Science
9 82 (9.12%) OO
10 77 (8.57%) Multithreading
11 69 (7.68%) Electronic Trading
12 65 (7.23%) Analytics
13 63 (7.01%) Open Source
13 63 (7.01%) SDET
14 61 (6.79%) Infrastructure as Code
15 58 (6.45%) Mentoring
16 57 (6.34%) Continuous Integration
17 56 (6.23%) BDD
17 56 (6.23%) Problem-Solving
17 56 (6.23%) Scrum
Programming Languages
1 240 (26.70%) Python
2 190 (21.13%) SQL
3 174 (19.35%) JavaScript
4 134 (14.91%) Java 8
5 124 (13.79%) C#
6 108 (12.01%) Kotlin
7 97 (10.79%) Scala
8 55 (6.12%) TypeScript
9 38 (4.23%) C++
10 32 (3.56%) Bash Shell
11 27 (3.00%) Go
12 23 (2.56%) ES6
12 23 (2.56%) PHP
13 19 (2.11%) Ruby
14 18 (2.00%) R
15 14 (1.56%) PowerShell
16 11 (1.22%) PL/SQL
17 10 (1.11%) C
17 10 (1.11%) Clojure
18 8 (0.89%) Shell Script
Qualifications
1 97 (10.79%) Degree
2 40 (4.45%) Computer Science Degree
3 18 (2.00%) PhD
4 13 (1.45%) ISEB
4 13 (1.45%) SC Cleared
4 13 (1.45%) Security Cleared
5 12 (1.33%) ISTQB
6 9 (1.00%) Master's Degree
7 5 (0.56%) Microsoft Certification
8 3 (0.33%) Linux+ Certification
8 3 (0.33%) MCSE
8 3 (0.33%) SANS
9 1 (0.11%) DV Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 78 (8.68%) QA
2 4 (0.44%) Dodd-Frank
2 4 (0.44%) EMIR
2 4 (0.44%) MiFID
2 4 (0.44%) WCAG
3 2 (0.22%) GDPR
3 2 (0.22%) ISO 20022
4 1 (0.11%) SLA
System Software
1 197 (21.91%) Docker
2 8 (0.89%) HDFS
3 4 (0.44%) Apache ZooKeeper
3 4 (0.44%) VMware Infrastructure
4 3 (0.33%) Active Directory
4 3 (0.33%) OpenAM
4 3 (0.33%) OpenDJ
5 1 (0.11%) Virtual Machines
5 1 (0.11%) Xen
Systems Management
1 214 (23.80%) Kubernetes
2 90 (10.01%) Terraform
3 61 (6.79%) Ansible
4 47 (5.23%) Puppet
5 16 (1.78%) Opscode Chef
6 7 (0.78%) Grafana
7 5 (0.56%) Prometheus
7 5 (0.56%) SCOM
8 3 (0.33%) Docker Swarm
8 3 (0.33%) Nagios
8 3 (0.33%) Rancher
8 3 (0.33%) Single Sign-On
9 2 (0.22%) Packer
9 2 (0.22%) ZABBIX
10 1 (0.11%) Graphite
10 1 (0.11%) HP ALM
10 1 (0.11%) ITRS Geneos
10 1 (0.11%) Kibana
10 1 (0.11%) Pingdom
10 1 (0.11%) Salt
Vendors
1 44 (4.89%) Oracle
2 19 (2.11%) Microsoft
3 17 (1.89%) Talend
4 16 (1.78%) Google
5 11 (1.22%) Apple
6 9 (1.00%) Adobe
6 9 (1.00%) ServiceNow
7 8 (0.89%) Cloudera
7 8 (0.89%) Databricks
8 7 (0.78%) Informatica
8 7 (0.78%) Solace
8 7 (0.78%) Sybase
9 6 (0.67%) Red Hat
10 5 (0.56%) IBM
10 5 (0.56%) Salesforce.com
10 5 (0.56%) Splunk
10 5 (0.56%) TIBCO
10 5 (0.56%) VMware
11 4 (0.44%) AppDynamics
11 4 (0.44%) Charles River