Period
to 24 October 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for Java skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Java over the 6 months to 24 October 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Java
Central London > City of London
6 months to
24 Oct 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 7 8 8
Rank change year-on-year +1 0 -2
Permanent jobs citing Java 1,150 660 1,681
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the City of London 19.37% 18.30% 16.80%
As % of the Programming Languages category 32.11% 29.57% 28.09%
Number of salaries quoted 1,026 609 1,533
10th Percentile £52,500 £48,500 £50,000
25th Percentile £65,000 £60,000 £60,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £85,000 £75,000 £75,000
Median % change year-on-year +13.33% - +7.14%
75th Percentile £102,500 £97,500 £88,750
90th Percentile £117,500 £115,500 £110,000
Central London median annual salary £85,000 £75,000 £72,500
% change year-on-year +13.33% +3.45% +3.57%

Java is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
City of London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 3,581 2,232 5,984
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the City of London 60.31% 61.88% 59.82%
Number of salaries quoted 3,209 2,003 5,304
10th Percentile £47,500 £45,000 £42,500
25th Percentile £57,500 £55,750 £52,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £75,000 £70,000 £70,000
Median % change year-on-year +7.14% - +7.69%
75th Percentile £95,000 £87,500 £83,750
90th Percentile £109,000 £105,000 £97,500
Central London median annual salary £75,000 £70,000 £67,500
% change year-on-year +7.14% +3.70% +3.85%

Java
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing Java as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for Java in the City of London

Java
Salary Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Java in the City of London.

Salary trend for Java in the City of London

Java
Salary Histogram in the City of London

Salary distribution for jobs citing Java in the City of London over the 6 months to 24 October 2021.

Salary histogram for Java in the City of London

For the 6 months to 24 October 2021, IT jobs citing Java also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for Java.

1 454 (39.48%) Agile Software Development
2 386 (33.57%) Python
3 385 (33.48%) AWS
4 315 (27.39%) DevOps
5 312 (27.13%) Microservices
6 305 (26.52%) Finance
7 290 (25.22%) Kubernetes
8 270 (23.48%) Software Engineering
9 258 (22.43%) Docker
10 242 (21.04%) Jenkins
11 232 (20.17%) Fintech
12 214 (18.61%) Spring
13 212 (18.43%) JavaScript
14 211 (18.35%) Azure
15 207 (18.00%) QA
16 190 (16.52%) Social Skills
17 185 (16.09%) Kafka
18 177 (15.39%) GCP
19 173 (15.04%) Test Automation
20 172 (14.96%) SQL
21 163 (14.17%) Scala
22 161 (14.00%) C#
23 154 (13.39%) Spring Boot
23 154 (13.39%) Big Data
24 150 (13.04%) REST
25 141 (12.26%) TDD
26 132 (11.48%) C++
27 130 (11.30%) Analytics
28 126 (10.96%) OO
29 125 (10.87%) Selenium

Java
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 94 (8.17%) Apache Spark
2 47 (4.09%) Confluence
3 33 (2.87%) Elasticsearch
4 20 (1.74%) Apache
5 7 (0.61%) SAS
6 6 (0.52%) OpenStack
6 6 (0.52%) SharePoint
7 4 (0.35%) Apache Airflow
7 4 (0.35%) Cloud Foundry
7 4 (0.35%) Oracle Coherence
8 3 (0.26%) Adobe Experience Manager
8 3 (0.26%) nginx
8 3 (0.26%) Red Hat Fuse
8 3 (0.26%) Tomcat
9 2 (0.17%) CMS
9 2 (0.17%) Drupal
9 2 (0.17%) GemFire
9 2 (0.17%) Jetty
9 2 (0.17%) WebSphere
10 1 (0.087%) GlassFish
Applications
1 15 (1.30%) Spreadsheet
2 2 (0.17%) 3ds Max
2 2 (0.17%) Maya
2 2 (0.17%) Photoshop
2 2 (0.17%) ZBrush
3 1 (0.087%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 3 (0.26%) Distributed Ledger
2 2 (0.17%) IntelliMatch
3 1 (0.087%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
3 1 (0.087%) Oracle EBS
3 1 (0.087%) Oracle EBS R12
3 1 (0.087%) Salesforce.com CRM
3 1 (0.087%) Summit
3 1 (0.087%) SunGard Martini
3 1 (0.087%) Temenos T24
Cloud Services
1 385 (33.48%) AWS
2 211 (18.35%) Azure
3 177 (15.39%) GCP
4 88 (7.65%) Serverless
5 44 (3.83%) AWS CloudFormation
5 44 (3.83%) SaaS
6 28 (2.43%) AWS Lambda
7 25 (2.17%) Amazon EC2
8 19 (1.65%) Amazon ECS
9 17 (1.48%) GitHub
9 17 (1.48%) PaaS
10 16 (1.39%) Amazon S3
11 14 (1.22%) npm
12 13 (1.13%) IaaS
13 12 (1.04%) Amazon EKS
14 9 (0.78%) AWS Fargate
14 9 (0.78%) Cloud Computing
14 9 (0.78%) OpenShift
14 9 (0.78%) Snowflake
15 7 (0.61%) Virtual Private Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 18 (1.57%) HTTP
2 17 (1.48%) DNS
3 6 (0.52%) Firewall
4 4 (0.35%) AMQP
5 2 (0.17%) Network Security
5 2 (0.17%) Software-Defined Networking
5 2 (0.17%) TCP/IP
6 1 (0.087%) Calico
6 1 (0.087%) LAN
6 1 (0.087%) SMS
6 1 (0.087%) SSL
6 1 (0.087%) tcpdump
6 1 (0.087%) Telnet
6 1 (0.087%) Unified Communications
Database & Business Intelligence
1 154 (13.39%) Big Data
2 120 (10.43%) Hadoop
3 107 (9.30%) NoSQL
4 105 (9.13%) MongoDB
5 84 (7.30%) Relational Database
6 74 (6.43%) PostgreSQL
7 67 (5.83%) SQL Server
8 53 (4.61%) Amazon DynamoDB
9 45 (3.91%) Apache Cassandra
10 44 (3.83%) MySQL
11 37 (3.22%) Amazon Redshift
11 37 (3.22%) Blockchain
12 32 (2.78%) Data Warehouse
13 24 (2.09%) Flink
14 23 (2.00%) Data Lake
15 22 (1.91%) Redis
16 18 (1.57%) Amazon RDS
17 14 (1.22%) BigQuery
18 13 (1.13%) KDB
19 11 (0.96%) Oracle Database
Development Applications
1 242 (21.04%) Jenkins
2 125 (10.87%) Selenium
3 115 (10.00%) Cucumber
4 93 (8.09%) Git (software)
5 86 (7.48%) Postman
6 73 (6.35%) Atlassian Bamboo
7 71 (6.17%) JIRA
8 44 (3.83%) SonarQube
9 42 (3.65%) Maven
10 41 (3.57%) TeamCity
11 27 (2.35%) JUnit
12 26 (2.26%) Robot Framework
13 25 (2.17%) WebDriver
14 20 (1.74%) Spinnaker
15 17 (1.48%) Bitbucket
15 17 (1.48%) JMeter
16 16 (1.39%) Gradle
17 14 (1.22%) Bower
17 14 (1.22%) Grunt
17 14 (1.22%) webpack
General
1 305 (26.52%) Finance
2 190 (16.52%) Social Skills
3 122 (10.61%) Banking
4 87 (7.57%) Front Office
5 59 (5.13%) Games
5 59 (5.13%) Retail
6 50 (4.35%) Presentation Skills
7 45 (3.91%) Publishing
8 43 (3.74%) Influencing Skills
9 36 (3.13%) Analytical Skills
10 33 (2.87%) Investment Banking
11 25 (2.17%) Public Sector
12 16 (1.39%) Advertising
13 6 (0.52%) Financial Institution
13 6 (0.52%) Inclusion and Diversity
13 6 (0.52%) Organisational Skills
14 5 (0.43%) Manufacturing
14 5 (0.43%) Retail Banking
14 5 (0.43%) Telecoms
15 4 (0.35%) Marketing
Job Titles
1 510 (44.35%) Developer
2 352 (30.61%) Java Developer
3 105 (9.13%) Senior Developer
4 103 (8.96%) Java Engineer
5 91 (7.91%) Senior Java Developer
6 76 (6.61%) Software Engineer
7 71 (6.17%) QA Engineer
7 71 (6.17%) Technical Leader
8 66 (5.74%) Data Engineer
9 65 (5.65%) DevOps Engineer
9 65 (5.65%) Java Developer - Fintech
10 55 (4.78%) Lead Developer
11 45 (3.91%) Software Developer
12 38 (3.30%) Senior QA Engineer
13 37 (3.22%) Principal Engineer
14 36 (3.13%) Architect
15 35 (3.04%) Big Data Engineer
16 33 (2.87%) Electronic Trading Developer
16 33 (2.87%) Senior Java Engineer
17 32 (2.78%) AWS Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 214 (18.61%) Spring
2 185 (16.09%) Kafka
3 154 (13.39%) Spring Boot
4 150 (13.04%) REST
5 122 (10.61%) React
6 112 (9.74%) AngularJS
7 73 (6.35%) Node.js
7 73 (6.35%) Web Services
8 65 (5.65%) .NET
9 52 (4.52%) HTML
10 48 (4.17%) OAuth
11 43 (3.74%) OAuth2
11 43 (3.74%) OpenID
12 42 (3.65%) CSS
13 38 (3.30%) FIX Protocol
14 37 (3.22%) RESTful
15 34 (2.96%) HTML5
16 33 (2.87%) XML
17 29 (2.52%) Vue.js
18 28 (2.43%) Gherkin
Miscellaneous
1 62 (5.39%) Algorithms
2 58 (5.04%) Greenfield Project
3 47 (4.09%) Data Structures
4 42 (3.65%) Fixed Income
5 38 (3.30%) Derivative
6 36 (3.13%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
7 34 (2.96%) Self-Motivation
8 32 (2.78%) Hedge funds
9 26 (2.26%) Cloud Native
10 24 (2.09%) Enterprise Software
11 23 (2.00%) User Experience
12 22 (1.91%) Mobile App
13 21 (1.83%) Legacy Systems
13 21 (1.83%) Public Cloud
14 17 (1.48%) Equity Derivative
15 15 (1.30%) Clustering
16 12 (1.04%) Management Information System
17 11 (0.96%) Data Centre
17 11 (0.96%) Equities
18 8 (0.70%) Pricing Data
Operating Systems
1 94 (8.17%) Linux
2 60 (5.22%) Unix
3 21 (1.83%) Windows
4 13 (1.13%) Android
5 11 (0.96%) Apple iOS
6 8 (0.70%) Ubuntu
7 4 (0.35%) CentOS
7 4 (0.35%) Mac OS X
7 4 (0.35%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 3 (0.26%) VMS
9 2 (0.17%) Solaris
Processes & Methodologies
1 454 (39.48%) Agile Software Development
2 315 (27.39%) DevOps
3 312 (27.13%) Microservices
4 270 (23.48%) Software Engineering
5 232 (20.17%) Fintech
6 173 (15.04%) Test Automation
7 141 (12.26%) TDD
8 130 (11.30%) Analytics
9 126 (10.96%) OO
10 113 (9.83%) Full Stack Development
11 102 (8.87%) API Testing
12 99 (8.61%) Mentoring
13 89 (7.74%) Continuous Integration
14 87 (7.57%) Infrastructure as Code
15 86 (7.48%) Multithreading
16 81 (7.04%) SDLC
17 76 (6.61%) Technical Leadership
18 74 (6.43%) Event-Driven
18 74 (6.43%) OOP
19 68 (5.91%) Scrum
Programming Languages
1 386 (33.57%) Python
2 212 (18.43%) JavaScript
3 172 (14.96%) SQL
4 163 (14.17%) Scala
5 161 (14.00%) C#
6 132 (11.48%) C++
7 113 (9.83%) Java 8
8 109 (9.48%) Kotlin
9 94 (8.17%) Go
10 54 (4.70%) PHP
11 49 (4.26%) Ruby
12 42 (3.65%) TypeScript
13 37 (3.22%) Bash Shell
14 35 (3.04%) Perl
15 28 (2.43%) R
16 27 (2.35%) Apple Swift
17 25 (2.17%) Objective-C
18 23 (2.00%) C
19 22 (1.91%) Pascal
19 22 (1.91%) VB.NET
Qualifications
1 93 (8.09%) Degree
2 54 (4.70%) Master's Degree
3 19 (1.65%) Computer Science Degree
4 18 (1.57%) Security Cleared
5 17 (1.48%) SC Cleared
6 9 (0.78%) AWS Certification
7 7 (0.61%) ISTQB
8 4 (0.35%) DBS Check
9 3 (0.26%) CREST Certified
9 3 (0.26%) Microsoft Certification
9 3 (0.26%) OSCP
10 1 (0.087%) CEH
10 1 (0.087%) CISA
10 1 (0.087%) CISSP
10 1 (0.087%) IBM Certification
10 1 (0.087%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
10 1 (0.087%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
10 1 (0.087%) OCP
10 1 (0.087%) Oracle Certification
10 1 (0.087%) PhD
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 207 (18.00%) QA
2 46 (4.00%) GDPR
3 15 (1.30%) Data Quality
4 11 (0.96%) Accessibility
5 7 (0.61%) WCAG
6 4 (0.35%) PCI DSS
7 3 (0.26%) PMO
7 3 (0.26%) SLA
8 2 (0.17%) ISO 20022
8 2 (0.17%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 2 (0.17%) NIST
8 2 (0.17%) Sarbanes-Oxley
9 1 (0.087%) Cyber Essentials
9 1 (0.087%) HIPAA
9 1 (0.087%) HMG Security Policy Framework
9 1 (0.087%) ISO 15022
9 1 (0.087%) SEPA
System Software
1 258 (22.43%) Docker
2 13 (1.13%) Apache ZooKeeper
3 8 (0.70%) HDFS
4 4 (0.35%) Virtual Machines
4 4 (0.35%) VMware Infrastructure
5 3 (0.26%) LXC
6 2 (0.17%) Hyper-V
6 2 (0.17%) Xen
7 1 (0.087%) ISA Server
7 1 (0.087%) KVM
7 1 (0.087%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 290 (25.22%) Kubernetes
2 116 (10.09%) Terraform
3 50 (4.35%) Ansible
4 22 (1.91%) Puppet
5 16 (1.39%) Prometheus
6 15 (1.30%) Grafana
7 10 (0.87%) Opscode Chef
8 4 (0.35%) Kibana
8 4 (0.35%) Mesos
9 3 (0.26%) Docker Swarm
9 3 (0.26%) HAProxy
9 3 (0.26%) HP Quality Center
10 2 (0.17%) Jamf Pro
10 2 (0.17%) logstash
11 1 (0.087%) HP Fortify
11 1 (0.087%) Istio
11 1 (0.087%) Nessus
11 1 (0.087%) Salt
11 1 (0.087%) WebInspect
11 1 (0.087%) ZABBIX
Vendors
1 97 (8.43%) Oracle
2 53 (4.61%) Google
3 32 (2.78%) Salesforce.com
4 27 (2.35%) Microsoft
5 13 (1.13%) Talend
6 9 (0.78%) Cloudera
7 8 (0.70%) Splunk
8 7 (0.61%) IBM
9 6 (0.52%) Databricks
9 6 (0.52%) Dynatrace
9 6 (0.52%) Informatica
9 6 (0.52%) Sybase
9 6 (0.52%) VMware
10 5 (0.43%) AppDynamics
10 5 (0.43%) Atlassian
11 4 (0.35%) Greenplum
11 4 (0.35%) HP
11 4 (0.35%) Murex
11 4 (0.35%) Solace
12 3 (0.26%) F5