Period
to 15 August 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for Java skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Java over the 6 months to 15 August 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Java
Central London > City of London
6 months to
15 Aug 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 5 5 5
Rank change year-on-year 0 0 +1
Permanent jobs citing Java 1,999 1,918 2,296
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the City of London 18.28% 18.84% 17.66%
As % of the Programming Languages category 29.97% 33.12% 31.13%
Number of salaries quoted 1,834 1,728 2,099
City of London median annual salary £70,000 £65,000 £60,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +7.69% +8.33% -
10th Percentile £42,500 £37,500 £38,750
90th Percentile £104,625 £105,000 £95,000
Central London median annual salary £70,000 £65,000 £60,000
% change year-on-year +7.69% +8.33% -

Java is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
City of London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 6,670 5,791 7,376
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the City of London 61.00% 56.87% 56.73%
Number of salaries quoted 6,052 5,266 6,768
City of London median annual salary £65,000 £60,000 £57,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +8.33% +4.35% +4.55%
10th Percentile £40,500 £37,500 £36,500
90th Percentile £93,750 £95,000 £86,250
Central London median annual salary £65,000 £60,000 £57,500
% change year-on-year +8.33% +4.35% +4.55%

Java
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing Java as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for Java in the City of London

Java
Salary Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Java in the City of London.

Salary trend for Java in the City of London

Java
Salary Histogram in the City of London

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Java in the City of London over the 6 months to 15 August 2018.

Salary histogram for Java in the City of London

Java
Job Locations in the City of London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Java within the City of London region over the 6 months to 15 August 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London Bridge +3 9 £72,500 -3.33%
Java
Central London

For the 6 months to 15 August 2018, IT jobs citing Java also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for Java.

1 852 (42.62%) Agile Software Development
2 784 (39.22%) Finance
3 576 (28.81%) SQL
4 501 (25.06%) JavaScript
5 459 (22.96%) TDD
6 420 (21.01%) Spring
7 397 (19.86%) Python
8 360 (18.01%) Java 8
9 343 (17.16%) Amazon AWS
10 316 (15.81%) Linux
10 316 (15.81%) Microservices
11 315 (15.76%) Software Engineering
12 303 (15.16%) Fintech
13 302 (15.11%) HTML
14 292 (14.61%) Banking
15 284 (14.21%) Scala
16 281 (14.06%) DevOps
17 276 (13.81%) CSS
18 258 (12.91%) C#
19 254 (12.71%) Continuous Integration
20 249 (12.46%) Web Services
21 240 (12.01%) Oracle
22 232 (11.61%) Big Data
23 229 (11.46%) Degree
24 226 (11.31%) C++
25 220 (11.01%) .NET
26 215 (10.76%) Computer Science
26 215 (10.76%) BDD
27 213 (10.66%) Test Automation
28 208 (10.41%) REST

Java
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 153 (7.65%) Apache Spark
2 60 (3.00%) Elasticsearch
3 56 (2.80%) Apache
4 54 (2.70%) Tomcat
5 38 (1.90%) JBoss
6 34 (1.70%) Oracle SOA Suite
7 33 (1.65%) WebLogic
8 31 (1.55%) Ethereum
9 29 (1.45%) Confluence
10 24 (1.20%) WebSphere
11 19 (0.95%) Oracle Workflow
11 19 (0.95%) WordPress
12 17 (0.85%) CMS
13 16 (0.80%) IIS
14 12 (0.60%) Mule
15 11 (0.55%) Anypoint
15 11 (0.55%) SAS
16 10 (0.50%) Drupal
17 8 (0.40%) Oracle Coherence
18 6 (0.30%) SharePoint
Applications
1 28 (1.40%) Microsoft Excel
2 9 (0.45%) Microsoft Office
3 6 (0.30%) Photoshop
4 3 (0.15%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 2 (0.10%) Adobe Illustrator
5 2 (0.10%) Chatbot
5 2 (0.10%) MS Visio
6 1 (0.050%) S-PLUS
Business Applications
1 25 (1.25%) Oracle Financials
1 25 (1.25%) Oracle General Ledger
2 16 (0.80%) Ripple
3 14 (0.70%) Front Arena
3 14 (0.70%) Markit EDM
3 14 (0.70%) thinkFolio
4 12 (0.60%) MetaTrader
5 10 (0.50%) Distributed Ledger
6 4 (0.20%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
6 4 (0.20%) Sonata
7 3 (0.15%) ION MarketView
7 3 (0.15%) Salesforce.com CRM
8 2 (0.10%) Eikon
8 2 (0.10%) PeopleSoft HCM
8 2 (0.10%) PeopleSoft HRMS
8 2 (0.10%) R3 Corda
8 2 (0.10%) RMDS
9 1 (0.050%) BusinessWorks
9 1 (0.050%) CSG Singleview
9 1 (0.050%) PeopleSoft CRM
Cloud Services
1 343 (17.16%) Amazon AWS
2 107 (5.35%) Microsoft Azure
3 49 (2.45%) Google Cloud Platform
4 41 (2.05%) Cloud Computing
5 23 (1.15%) Serverless
6 22 (1.10%) Amazon EC2
7 21 (1.05%) AWS CloudFormation
7 21 (1.05%) GitHub
7 21 (1.05%) SaaS
8 18 (0.90%) AWS Lambda
8 18 (0.90%) PaaS
9 17 (0.85%) Amazon EMR
10 16 (0.80%) Amazon S3
11 15 (0.75%) Amazon Kinesis
12 14 (0.70%) OpenShift
13 12 (0.60%) BrowserStack
14 11 (0.55%) NuGet
14 11 (0.55%) Sauce Labs
15 9 (0.45%) IaaS
15 9 (0.45%) npm
Communications & Networking
1 37 (1.85%) Internet
2 20 (1.00%) HTTP
3 18 (0.90%) TCP/IP
4 9 (0.45%) Firewall
4 9 (0.45%) NetScaler
4 9 (0.45%) SMS
4 9 (0.45%) VPN
5 7 (0.35%) FTP
6 6 (0.30%) AMQP
6 6 (0.30%) SAN
7 5 (0.25%) BGP
7 5 (0.25%) FIX Connectivity
7 5 (0.25%) Unified Communications
8 4 (0.20%) Intranet
8 4 (0.20%) Multicast
9 3 (0.15%) DSL
9 3 (0.15%) Wireshark
10 2 (0.10%) 3G
10 2 (0.10%) LTE
10 2 (0.10%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 232 (11.61%) Big Data
2 174 (8.70%) NoSQL
3 170 (8.50%) SQL Server
4 145 (7.25%) MySQL
5 137 (6.85%) Hadoop
6 107 (5.35%) Relational Database
7 89 (4.45%) MongoDB
8 67 (3.35%) Blockchain
9 57 (2.85%) Apache Cassandra
10 54 (2.70%) PostgreSQL
11 37 (1.85%) RDBMS
12 36 (1.80%) Oracle Database
13 34 (1.70%) Redis
14 30 (1.50%) Apache Hive
14 30 (1.50%) Data Lake
15 28 (1.40%) Data Warehouse
16 25 (1.25%) DB2
17 22 (1.10%) SQL Server 2012
18 21 (1.05%) HBase
19 20 (1.00%) SQL Server Reporting Services
Development Applications
1 201 (10.06%) Maven
2 195 (9.75%) Git (software)
3 159 (7.95%) Jenkins
4 112 (5.60%) Selenium
5 105 (5.25%) JUnit
6 103 (5.15%) Gradle
7 93 (4.65%) JIRA
8 72 (3.60%) Cucumber
9 52 (2.60%) WebDriver
10 42 (2.10%) Subversion
10 42 (2.10%) Visual Studio
11 36 (1.80%) Ant
11 36 (1.80%) Eclipse
12 31 (1.55%) TestNG
13 28 (1.40%) TeamCity
14 26 (1.30%) Mockito
15 25 (1.25%) webpack
16 22 (1.10%) Team Foundation Server
17 21 (1.05%) Bitbucket
17 21 (1.05%) SpecFlow
General
1 784 (39.22%) Finance
2 292 (14.61%) Banking
3 177 (8.85%) Front Office
4 109 (5.45%) Investment Banking
5 104 (5.20%) Advertising
6 69 (3.45%) Games
7 53 (2.65%) Law
8 44 (2.20%) Financial Institution
9 43 (2.15%) Back Office
10 38 (1.90%) Retail
11 35 (1.75%) Publishing
12 27 (1.35%) Marketing
13 26 (1.30%) General Ledger
14 23 (1.15%) Telecoms
15 22 (1.10%) Pharmaceutical
16 12 (0.60%) Automotive
16 12 (0.60%) Retail Banking
17 7 (0.35%) Billing
17 7 (0.35%) Legal
18 3 (0.15%) French Language
Job Titles
1 1,233 (61.68%) Developer
2 858 (42.92%) Java Developer
3 237 (11.86%) Senior Developer
4 170 (8.50%) Senior Java Developer
5 139 (6.95%) Java Engineer
6 116 (5.80%) Software Engineer
7 103 (5.15%) Architect
8 101 (5.05%) Lead Developer
9 80 (4.00%) Analyst
9 80 (4.00%) Java Developer - Fintech
10 77 (3.85%) Full Stack Developer
11 73 (3.65%) Lead Java Developer
12 62 (3.10%) Graduate
12 62 (3.10%) Java Software Engineer
13 60 (3.00%) Solutions Architect
14 58 (2.90%) DevOps Engineer
15 56 (2.80%) Scala Developer
16 49 (2.45%) JavaScript Developer
16 49 (2.45%) Junior
17 48 (2.40%) Software Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 420 (21.01%) Spring
2 302 (15.11%) HTML
3 276 (13.81%) CSS
4 249 (12.46%) Web Services
5 220 (11.01%) .NET
6 208 (10.41%) REST
7 196 (9.80%) Hibernate
8 165 (8.25%) AngularJS
8 165 (8.25%) Kafka
9 164 (8.20%) RESTful
10 145 (7.25%) XML
11 131 (6.55%) Spring Boot
12 119 (5.95%) Node.js
13 112 (5.60%) React
14 109 (5.45%) HTML5
15 94 (4.70%) J2EE
16 90 (4.50%) Java EE
17 71 (3.55%) RabbitMQ
18 68 (3.40%) CSS3
19 66 (3.30%) FIX Protocol
Miscellaneous
1 303 (15.16%) Fintech
2 215 (10.76%) Computer Science
3 190 (9.50%) Greenfield Project
4 124 (6.20%) Algorithms
5 119 (5.95%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
6 107 (5.35%) Analytical Skills
7 98 (4.90%) Hedge funds
8 87 (4.35%) User Experience
9 85 (4.25%) Derivative
10 76 (3.80%) Equities
11 67 (3.35%) Fixed Income
12 56 (2.80%) Self-Motivation
13 51 (2.55%) Data Structures
14 44 (2.20%) Mobile App
15 35 (1.75%) Market Risk
16 31 (1.55%) Bitcoin
17 28 (1.40%) Enterprise Software
18 23 (1.15%) Reinsurance
19 20 (1.00%) Xbox
20 19 (0.95%) Public Cloud
Operating Systems
1 316 (15.81%) Linux
2 131 (6.55%) Unix
3 97 (4.85%) Windows
4 46 (2.30%) Android
5 19 (0.95%) Apple iOS
6 16 (0.80%) Ubuntu
7 14 (0.70%) HPUX
8 13 (0.65%) CentOS
9 12 (0.60%) openSUSE
9 12 (0.60%) Solaris
10 11 (0.55%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
11 10 (0.50%) Windows Server
12 9 (0.45%) AIX
12 9 (0.45%) Windows Server 2012
13 4 (0.20%) Mac OS X
14 2 (0.10%) Debian
15 1 (0.050%) DC/OS
15 1 (0.050%) Oracle Linux
15 1 (0.050%) Windows Server 2008
Processes & Methodologies
1 852 (42.62%) Agile Software Development
2 459 (22.96%) TDD
3 316 (15.81%) Microservices
4 315 (15.76%) Software Engineering
5 281 (14.06%) DevOps
6 254 (12.71%) Continuous Integration
7 215 (10.76%) BDD
8 213 (10.66%) Test Automation
9 206 (10.31%) Problem-Solving
10 203 (10.16%) Scrum
11 191 (9.55%) Multithreading
12 185 (9.25%) OO
13 157 (7.85%) SDLC
14 153 (7.65%) Low Latency
15 140 (7.00%) Web Development
16 139 (6.95%) Mentoring
17 137 (6.85%) Open Source
18 126 (6.30%) Mathematics
19 120 (6.00%) Analytics
20 116 (5.80%) Machine Learning
Programming Languages
1 576 (28.81%) SQL
2 501 (25.06%) JavaScript
3 397 (19.86%) Python
4 360 (18.01%) Java 8
5 284 (14.21%) Scala
6 258 (12.91%) C#
7 226 (11.31%) C++
8 180 (9.00%) PHP
9 98 (4.90%) Ruby
10 89 (4.45%) Perl
11 66 (3.30%) Kotlin
12 61 (3.05%) Bash Shell
13 57 (2.85%) Shell Script
14 56 (2.80%) Groovy
15 45 (2.25%) Go
16 44 (2.20%) PL/SQL
17 37 (1.85%) TypeScript
18 35 (1.75%) PowerShell
19 33 (1.65%) R
20 28 (1.40%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 229 (11.46%) Degree
2 64 (3.20%) Computer Science Degree
3 35 (1.75%) PhD
4 13 (0.65%) Master's Degree
4 13 (0.65%) Security Cleared
5 10 (0.50%) ISEB
6 9 (0.45%) CISSP
7 8 (0.40%) ISTQB
8 7 (0.35%) ITIL Certification
9 6 (0.30%) Numerate Degree
9 6 (0.30%) PMI Certification
9 6 (0.30%) PMP
9 6 (0.30%) SC Cleared
10 5 (0.25%) AWS Certification
11 4 (0.20%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
11 4 (0.20%) MCSA
11 4 (0.20%) MCSE
11 4 (0.20%) Microsoft Certification
12 3 (0.15%) MBA
12 3 (0.15%) TOGAF Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 149 (7.45%) QA
2 21 (1.05%) GCP
3 17 (0.85%) MiFID
4 15 (0.75%) Data Quality
5 4 (0.20%) EMIR
6 3 (0.15%) Dodd-Frank
6 3 (0.15%) ISO 20022
6 3 (0.15%) ISO 9001
6 3 (0.15%) SEPA
6 3 (0.15%) SLA
7 2 (0.10%) GDPR
7 2 (0.10%) ISO 8583
8 1 (0.050%) COBIT
8 1 (0.050%) ISO/IEC 27001
System Software
1 199 (9.95%) Docker
2 19 (0.95%) HDFS
3 17 (0.85%) VMware Infrastructure
4 16 (0.80%) Virtual Machines
5 13 (0.65%) Apache Flume
6 11 (0.55%) Active Directory
7 5 (0.25%) Apache ZooKeeper
8 4 (0.20%) Hyper-V
9 3 (0.15%) KVM
9 3 (0.15%) LXC
9 3 (0.15%) Xen
10 1 (0.050%) ACF2
10 1 (0.050%) GridGain
10 1 (0.050%) Oracle RAC
10 1 (0.050%) RACF
10 1 (0.050%) VirtualBox
10 1 (0.050%) vSphere
10 1 (0.050%) XenServer
Systems Management
1 84 (4.20%) Puppet
2 78 (3.90%) Ansible
3 75 (3.75%) Opscode Chef
4 69 (3.45%) Kubernetes
5 55 (2.75%) Terraform
6 26 (1.30%) Prometheus
6 26 (1.30%) Salt
7 22 (1.10%) Docker Swarm
7 22 (1.10%) Nagios
8 21 (1.05%) logstash
9 20 (1.00%) Mesos
10 14 (0.70%) ZABBIX
11 13 (0.65%) Kibana
12 10 (0.50%) Rancher
13 8 (0.40%) Control-M
13 8 (0.40%) Graphite
13 8 (0.40%) Hadoop YARN
13 8 (0.40%) Oozie
13 8 (0.40%) Perfmon
14 5 (0.25%) Cobbler
Vendors
1 240 (12.01%) Oracle
2 79 (3.95%) Microsoft
3 55 (2.75%) Google
4 49 (2.45%) TIBCO
5 28 (1.40%) Salesforce.com
6 26 (1.30%) VMware
7 22 (1.10%) Capita
7 22 (1.10%) Splunk
7 22 (1.10%) Sybase
8 21 (1.05%) StreamBase
9 20 (1.00%) Charles River
10 19 (0.95%) hybris
10 19 (0.95%) IBM
10 19 (0.95%) Tableau
11 17 (0.85%) Calypso
12 14 (0.70%) MuleSoft
12 14 (0.70%) New Relic
12 14 (0.70%) SimCorp
13 13 (0.65%) Informatica
13 13 (0.65%) Solace