Period
to 24 January 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for Java skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Java over the 6 months to 24 January 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Java
Central London > City of London
6 months to
24 Jan 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 9 5 5
Rank change year-on-year -4 0 0
Permanent jobs citing Java 811 1,533 2,090
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the City of London 18.90% 16.74% 20.23%
As % of the Programming Languages category 29.43% 29.25% 32.23%
Number of salaries quoted 870 1,545 1,993
Median annual salary £77,500 £73,500 £70,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.44% +5.00% +3.70%
10th Percentile £53,750 £50,000 £41,250
90th Percentile £112,500 £112,500 £98,500
Central London median annual salary £75,000 £72,500 £70,000
% change year-on-year +3.45% +3.57% +7.69%

Java is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
City of London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 2,756 5,241 6,485
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the City of London 64.23% 57.23% 62.78%
Number of salaries quoted 2,491 4,645 5,937
Median annual salary £72,500 £70,000 £65,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +3.57% +7.69% +4.00%
10th Percentile £46,250 £42,500 £40,250
90th Percentile £110,000 £102,500 £96,250
Central London median annual salary £70,000 £70,000 £65,000
% change year-on-year - +7.69% +8.33%

Java
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing Java as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for Java in the City of London

Java
Salary Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Java in the City of London.

Salary trend for Java in the City of London

Java
Salary Histogram in the City of London

Salary distribution for jobs citing Java in the City of London over the 6 months to 24 January 2021.

Salary histogram for Java in the City of London

Java
Job Locations in the City of London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Java within the City of London region over the 6 months to 24 January 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Moorgate +9 5 £67,500 -43.75%
Java
Central London

For the 6 months to 24 January 2021, IT jobs citing Java also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for Java.

1 368 (45.38%) Agile Software Development
2 247 (30.46%) Python
3 232 (28.61%) AWS
4 227 (27.99%) Microservices
5 226 (27.87%) Finance
6 222 (27.37%) DevOps
7 193 (23.80%) JavaScript
8 187 (23.06%) Docker
9 181 (22.32%) Kubernetes
10 164 (20.22%) Fintech
11 162 (19.98%) SQL
12 146 (18.00%) TDD
13 135 (16.65%) Spring
14 128 (15.78%) C#
15 126 (15.54%) Software Engineering
16 118 (14.55%) Kafka
17 113 (13.93%) Azure
18 108 (13.32%) Java 8
19 107 (13.19%) Test Automation
20 106 (13.07%) Banking
21 105 (12.95%) Jenkins
22 101 (12.45%) Kotlin
23 100 (12.33%) Spring Boot
23 100 (12.33%) Big Data
24 97 (11.96%) React
25 93 (11.47%) Degree
26 87 (10.73%) Terraform
27 86 (10.60%) Hadoop
28 82 (10.11%) Scala
29 79 (9.74%) GCP

Java
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 61 (7.52%) Apache Spark
2 37 (4.56%) Apache
3 21 (2.59%) Elasticsearch
4 12 (1.48%) Cloud Foundry
5 11 (1.36%) CMS
6 10 (1.23%) SAS
7 9 (1.11%) Confluence
8 8 (0.99%) Adobe Experience Manager
9 7 (0.86%) Apache Airflow
9 7 (0.86%) Oracle Workflow
10 3 (0.37%) Camunda
10 3 (0.37%) Ethereum
10 3 (0.37%) WebLogic
11 2 (0.25%) Appian
11 2 (0.25%) Mule
11 2 (0.25%) Red Hat Fuse
11 2 (0.25%) SharePoint
11 2 (0.25%) Tomcat
12 1 (0.12%) Anypoint
12 1 (0.12%) Oracle SOA Suite
Applications
1 13 (1.60%) Spreadsheet
2 2 (0.25%) Microsoft Office
3 1 (0.12%) Sketch
3 1 (0.12%) Zeplin
Business Applications
1 7 (0.86%) Remedy ITSM
1 7 (0.86%) SAP Hybris
2 5 (0.62%) FINCAD Analytics
2 5 (0.62%) R3 Corda
3 1 (0.12%) Salesforce.com CRM
Cloud Services
1 232 (28.61%) AWS
2 113 (13.93%) Azure
3 79 (9.74%) GCP
4 54 (6.66%) SaaS
5 20 (2.47%) Cloud Computing
6 18 (2.22%) Serverless
7 16 (1.97%) Amazon CloudWatch
8 13 (1.60%) Datadog
9 12 (1.48%) IaaS
9 12 (1.48%) Power Platform
10 11 (1.36%) Amazon Kinesis
10 11 (1.36%) AWS Lambda
10 11 (1.36%) OpenShift
10 11 (1.36%) PaaS
11 10 (1.23%) Amazon SageMaker
12 8 (0.99%) GitHub
13 7 (0.86%) Akamai
13 7 (0.86%) Amazon S3
14 5 (0.62%) Amazon EKS
14 5 (0.62%) npm
Communications & Networking
1 16 (1.97%) TCP/IP
2 15 (1.85%) HTTP
3 7 (0.86%) DNS
4 6 (0.74%) Wireless
5 5 (0.62%) Firewall
6 3 (0.37%) HTTPS
6 3 (0.37%) LAN
7 2 (0.25%) 2G
7 2 (0.25%) 3G
7 2 (0.25%) 4G
7 2 (0.25%) 5G
7 2 (0.25%) Kerberos
7 2 (0.25%) LTE
7 2 (0.25%) MIMO
7 2 (0.25%) Network Security
7 2 (0.25%) VoLTE
8 1 (0.12%) Internet
8 1 (0.12%) Software-Defined Networking
8 1 (0.12%) SSH
8 1 (0.12%) SSL
Database & Business Intelligence
1 100 (12.33%) Big Data
2 86 (10.60%) Hadoop
3 65 (8.01%) NoSQL
4 54 (6.66%) MongoDB
5 38 (4.69%) MySQL
6 29 (3.58%) Apache Cassandra
7 28 (3.45%) SQL Server
8 26 (3.21%) Apache Hive
8 26 (3.21%) PostgreSQL
9 18 (2.22%) Oracle Database
10 17 (2.10%) Relational Database
11 15 (1.85%) Amazon Redshift
11 15 (1.85%) BusinessObjects
11 15 (1.85%) KDB
12 12 (1.48%) Power BI
13 11 (1.36%) Data Lake
13 11 (1.36%) Impala
14 10 (1.23%) BigQuery
14 10 (1.23%) Data Warehouse
14 10 (1.23%) Presto
Development Applications
1 105 (12.95%) Jenkins
2 64 (7.89%) Git (software)
3 58 (7.15%) Selenium
4 57 (7.03%) Cucumber
5 44 (5.43%) JIRA
6 23 (2.84%) WebDriver
7 21 (2.59%) JUnit
8 18 (2.22%) GitLab
9 17 (2.10%) Appium
10 16 (1.97%) CircleCI
10 16 (1.97%) Maven
10 16 (1.97%) Travis CI
11 14 (1.73%) Gradle
12 12 (1.48%) eggPlant
12 12 (1.48%) Locust
12 12 (1.48%) Mockito
13 8 (0.99%) Atlassian Bamboo
13 8 (0.99%) Bitbucket
14 7 (0.86%) SonarQube
14 7 (0.86%) TeamCity
General
1 226 (27.87%) Finance
2 106 (13.07%) Banking
3 40 (4.93%) Front Office
4 31 (3.82%) Advertising
5 19 (2.34%) Marketing
6 18 (2.22%) Private Banking
7 17 (2.10%) Games
7 17 (2.10%) Retail Banking
8 14 (1.73%) Investment Banking
9 12 (1.48%) Public Sector
10 8 (0.99%) Publishing
11 7 (0.86%) Italian Language
11 7 (0.86%) Law
12 4 (0.49%) Back Office
12 4 (0.49%) Retail
13 2 (0.25%) Electronics
13 2 (0.25%) French Language
14 1 (0.12%) Billing
14 1 (0.12%) Corporate Banking
14 1 (0.12%) Spanish Language
Job Titles
1 385 (47.47%) Developer
2 237 (29.22%) Java Developer
3 104 (12.82%) Java Engineer
4 83 (10.23%) Senior Developer
5 62 (7.64%) Software Engineer
6 48 (5.92%) DevOps Engineer
7 40 (4.93%) Full Stack Developer
7 40 (4.93%) Java Software Engineer
8 39 (4.81%) Software Developer
9 36 (4.44%) Java Developer - Fintech
10 35 (4.32%) Lead Developer
11 32 (3.95%) Python Developer
11 32 (3.95%) Senior Java Developer
12 31 (3.82%) Data Engineer
13 28 (3.45%) Big Data Engineer
14 27 (3.33%) Electronic Trading Developer
15 26 (3.21%) Analyst
16 25 (3.08%) Architect
17 23 (2.84%) Electronic Trading Java Developer
18 22 (2.71%) AWS Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 135 (16.65%) Spring
2 118 (14.55%) Kafka
3 100 (12.33%) Spring Boot
4 97 (11.96%) React
5 71 (8.75%) Node.js
6 68 (8.38%) REST
7 65 (8.01%) AngularJS
8 56 (6.91%) .NET
9 54 (6.66%) HTML
10 52 (6.41%) Web Services
11 48 (5.92%) RESTful
12 42 (5.18%) CSS
13 35 (4.32%) JMS
14 27 (3.33%) ActiveMQ
15 26 (3.21%) XML
16 25 (3.08%) HTML5
17 20 (2.47%) Hibernate
18 19 (2.34%) J2EE
19 17 (2.10%) React Native
20 16 (1.97%) Apache Camel
Miscellaneous
1 53 (6.54%) Algorithms
2 52 (6.41%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
3 50 (6.17%) Analytical Skills
4 41 (5.06%) Greenfield Project
5 34 (4.19%) Self-Motivation
6 32 (3.95%) Mobile App
7 31 (3.82%) Fixed Income
8 28 (3.45%) Data Structures
9 21 (2.59%) User Experience
10 17 (2.10%) Equities
11 15 (1.85%) Cloud Native
12 12 (1.48%) Derivative
12 12 (1.48%) Enterprise Software
13 11 (1.36%) Hedge funds
13 11 (1.36%) Virtual Team
14 10 (1.23%) Video\Live Streaming
15 7 (0.86%) Exotic Derivative
15 7 (0.86%) FMCG
16 6 (0.74%) Mobile Banking
17 5 (0.62%) Market Risk
Operating Systems
1 73 (9.00%) Linux
2 42 (5.18%) Unix
3 35 (4.32%) Android
4 18 (2.22%) Windows
5 14 (1.73%) Apple iOS
6 3 (0.37%) CentOS
7 1 (0.12%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 368 (45.38%) Agile Software Development
2 227 (27.99%) Microservices
3 222 (27.37%) DevOps
4 164 (20.22%) Fintech
5 146 (18.00%) TDD
6 126 (15.54%) Software Engineering
7 107 (13.19%) Test Automation
8 73 (9.00%) Computer Science
9 68 (8.38%) Open Source
10 63 (7.77%) Mentoring
11 60 (7.40%) BDD
11 60 (7.40%) ETL
12 59 (7.27%) Analytics
13 58 (7.15%) Scrum
14 57 (7.03%) API Testing
15 56 (6.91%) Multithreading
15 56 (6.91%) Problem-Solving
16 55 (6.78%) SDET
17 53 (6.54%) OO
18 51 (6.29%) Continuous Integration
Programming Languages
1 247 (30.46%) Python
2 193 (23.80%) JavaScript
3 162 (19.98%) SQL
4 128 (15.78%) C#
5 108 (13.32%) Java 8
6 101 (12.45%) Kotlin
7 82 (10.11%) Scala
8 41 (5.06%) C++
9 40 (4.93%) TypeScript
10 36 (4.44%) Go
11 30 (3.70%) PHP
12 29 (3.58%) Ruby
13 21 (2.59%) Bash Shell
14 19 (2.34%) Shell Script
15 17 (2.10%) ES6
15 17 (2.10%) R
16 15 (1.85%) C
17 12 (1.48%) PL/SQL
18 10 (1.23%) HiveQL
19 8 (0.99%) Clojure
Qualifications
1 93 (11.47%) Degree
2 32 (3.95%) Computer Science Degree
3 19 (2.34%) PhD
4 18 (2.22%) ISEB
5 17 (2.10%) ISTQB
6 12 (1.48%) Master's Degree
7 11 (1.36%) Security Cleared
8 10 (1.23%) SC Cleared
9 8 (0.99%) CISM
9 8 (0.99%) CISSP
10 7 (0.86%) CSSLP
10 7 (0.86%) PMP
11 6 (0.74%) Microsoft Certification
12 3 (0.37%) Linux+ Certification
12 3 (0.37%) MCSE
13 1 (0.12%) CRISC
13 1 (0.12%) MOS
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 70 (8.63%) QA
2 7 (0.86%) EMIR
2 7 (0.86%) NIST
3 5 (0.62%) Dodd-Frank
3 5 (0.62%) MiFID
4 4 (0.49%) Data Quality
5 1 (0.12%) GDPR
5 1 (0.12%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 1 (0.12%) PCI DSS
5 1 (0.12%) WCAG
System Software
1 187 (23.06%) Docker
2 11 (1.36%) HDFS
3 5 (0.62%) VMware Infrastructure
4 3 (0.37%) Active Directory
4 3 (0.37%) Apache ZooKeeper
5 1 (0.12%) Apache Flume
Systems Management
1 181 (22.32%) Kubernetes
2 87 (10.73%) Terraform
3 61 (7.52%) Ansible
4 54 (6.66%) Puppet
5 16 (1.97%) Opscode Chef
6 12 (1.48%) ZABBIX
7 11 (1.36%) Grafana
7 11 (1.36%) Single Sign-On
8 6 (0.74%) Prometheus
9 5 (0.62%) Control-M
10 3 (0.37%) Docker Swarm
10 3 (0.37%) Kibana
10 3 (0.37%) Pingdom
10 3 (0.37%) Rancher
11 1 (0.12%) Graphite
11 1 (0.12%) Hadoop YARN
11 1 (0.12%) HP ALM
11 1 (0.12%) Istio
11 1 (0.12%) Packer
11 1 (0.12%) Salt
Vendors
1 46 (5.67%) Oracle
2 20 (2.47%) Talend
3 18 (2.22%) Google
4 16 (1.97%) Adobe
5 15 (1.85%) Informatica
6 14 (1.73%) Salesforce.com
7 12 (1.48%) Apple
7 12 (1.48%) Microsoft
8 11 (1.36%) Cloudera
8 11 (1.36%) ServiceNow
9 8 (0.99%) New Relic
10 7 (0.86%) Databricks
10 7 (0.86%) hybris
10 7 (0.86%) Remedy
10 7 (0.86%) SAP
10 7 (0.86%) Solace
11 6 (0.74%) Red Hat
11 6 (0.74%) Splunk
12 5 (0.62%) ION Trading
12 5 (0.62%) VMware