Period
to 29 July 2021

The median annual salary for a Developer was £75,000 in advertised job vacancies in the City of London during the 6 months to 29 July 2021.

The first table below provides salary benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Developer
Central London > City of London
6 months to
29 Jul 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 3 3 2
Rank change year-on-year 0 -1 0
Permanent jobs requiring a Developer 1,504 1,597 3,087
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the City of London 26.91% 29.91% 30.15%
As % of the Job Titles category 29.11% 31.72% 31.56%
Number of salaries quoted 1,375 1,431 2,838
10th Percentile £46,250 £45,750 £43,750
25th Percentile £56,250 £55,000 £52,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £75,000 £70,000 £65,000
Median % change year-on-year +7.14% +7.69% -
75th Percentile £92,375 £85,000 £82,500
90th Percentile £110,000 £103,750 £93,750
Central London median annual salary £72,500 £70,000 £65,000
% change year-on-year +3.57% +7.69% +4.00%

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all permanent IT job vacancies advertised in the City of London. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of permanent jobs in our overall sample.

All Permanent IT Job Vacancies
City of London
Permanent vacancies in the City of London with a recognized job title 5,167 5,034 9,781
% of permanent IT jobs with a recognized job title 92.47% 94.29% 95.53%
Number of salaries quoted 4,608 4,429 8,773
10th Percentile £42,500 £41,250 £35,750
25th Percentile £52,500 £51,500 £48,750
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £70,000 £67,500 £65,000
Median % change year-on-year +3.70% +3.85% +4.00%
75th Percentile £88,750 £85,000 £82,500
90th Percentile £105,000 £97,500 £96,250
Central London median annual salary £70,000 £67,500 £65,000
% change year-on-year +3.70% +3.85% +8.33%

Developer
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings that featured Developer in the job title as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for Developer in the City of London

Developer
Salary Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Developer in the City of London.

Salary trend for Developer in the City of London

Developer
Salary Histogram in the City of London

Salary distribution for jobs citing Developer in the City of London over the 6 months to 29 July 2021.

Salary histogram for Developer in the City of London

Developer
Job Locations in the City of London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Developer within the City of London region over the 6 months to 29 July 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London Bridge +7 6 £75,000 +66.67%
Moorgate +3 1 £50,000 -28.57%
Developer
Central London

Developer Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London

For the 6 months to 29 July 2021, Developer job roles required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the City of London region featuring Developer in the job title.

1 584 (38.83%) Agile Software Development
2 507 (33.71%) JavaScript
3 505 (33.58%) Finance
4 483 (32.11%) Java
5 432 (28.72%) C#
6 419 (27.86%) SQL
7 414 (27.53%) React
8 374 (24.87%) .NET
9 295 (19.61%) CSS
10 290 (19.28%) Azure
11 279 (18.55%) Microservices
11 279 (18.55%) Fintech
12 272 (18.09%) SQL Server
13 264 (17.55%) DevOps
14 263 (17.49%) HTML
15 243 (16.16%) Social Skills
16 230 (15.29%) AWS
17 226 (15.03%) Python
18 219 (14.56%) Full Stack Development
19 208 (13.83%) AngularJS
20 201 (13.36%) TDD
21 187 (12.43%) OO
22 169 (11.24%) Banking
23 167 (11.10%) Node.js
24 165 (10.97%) Multithreading
25 162 (10.77%) Software Engineering
25 162 (10.77%) .NET Core
26 160 (10.64%) Degree
27 159 (10.57%) Web Services
28 155 (10.31%) Docker

Developer Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 92 (6.12%) SharePoint
2 48 (3.19%) Apache Spark
3 38 (2.53%) CMS
4 32 (2.13%) Elasticsearch
5 22 (1.46%) Drupal
5 22 (1.46%) WordPress
6 16 (1.06%) Confluence
7 13 (0.86%) Apache Solr
7 13 (0.86%) EPiServer
8 11 (0.73%) Apache
9 10 (0.66%) IIS
10 6 (0.40%) Tomcat
11 5 (0.33%) Adobe Experience Manager
11 5 (0.33%) Oracle Coherence
11 5 (0.33%) Red Hat Fuse
12 4 (0.27%) Anypoint
12 4 (0.27%) Ethereum
12 4 (0.27%) GlassFish
12 4 (0.27%) JBoss
12 4 (0.27%) WebSphere
Applications
1 23 (1.53%) Microsoft Excel
2 17 (1.13%) Spreadsheet
3 14 (0.93%) Microsoft Office
4 3 (0.20%) InVision
4 3 (0.20%) Sketch
5 1 (0.066%) Zeplin
Business Applications
1 62 (4.12%) Dynamics CRM
2 7 (0.47%) Shopify
3 6 (0.40%) FINCAD Analytics
4 4 (0.27%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
5 3 (0.20%) Carpe Diem
5 3 (0.20%) Distributed Ledger
5 3 (0.20%) Elite 3E
5 3 (0.20%) Payment Gateway
5 3 (0.20%) Temenos T24
6 2 (0.13%) R3 Corda
6 2 (0.13%) Salesforce.com CRM
6 2 (0.13%) SAP ERP
7 1 (0.066%) Dynamics AX
7 1 (0.066%) Dynamics NAV
7 1 (0.066%) IntelliMatch
7 1 (0.066%) Magento
7 1 (0.066%) nopCommerce
7 1 (0.066%) SAP Hybris
7 1 (0.066%) SunGard Martini
7 1 (0.066%) Temenos Globus
Cloud Services
1 290 (19.28%) Azure
2 230 (15.29%) AWS
3 101 (6.72%) Power Platform
4 61 (4.06%) GCP
4 61 (4.06%) PaaS
5 55 (3.66%) SaaS
6 52 (3.46%) Serverless
7 44 (2.93%) Azure Active Directory
8 42 (2.79%) Azure Service Bus
9 40 (2.66%) Azure App Service
9 40 (2.66%) Azure Key Vault
9 40 (2.66%) Azure Service Fabric
9 40 (2.66%) Azure Storage
10 38 (2.53%) PowerApps
11 34 (2.26%) Azure Logic Apps
12 29 (1.93%) Power Automate
13 23 (1.53%) GitHub
14 21 (1.40%) Microsoft 365
15 20 (1.33%) Azure Functions
16 19 (1.26%) AWS Lambda
Communications & Networking
1 16 (1.06%) Extranet
2 13 (0.86%) FTP
3 10 (0.66%) HTTP
4 4 (0.27%) AMQP
4 4 (0.27%) Internet
5 3 (0.20%) VoIP
6 2 (0.13%) 3GPP
6 2 (0.13%) 4G
6 2 (0.13%) 5G
6 2 (0.13%) ASN.1
6 2 (0.13%) LTE
6 2 (0.13%) TCP/IP
7 1 (0.066%) PuTTY
7 1 (0.066%) SSH
7 1 (0.066%) WinSCP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 272 (18.09%) SQL Server
2 92 (6.12%) MongoDB
3 88 (5.85%) NoSQL
4 87 (5.78%) Power BI
5 71 (4.72%) Big Data
6 70 (4.65%) Hadoop
7 66 (4.39%) SQL Server Integration Services
8 61 (4.06%) Relational Database
9 56 (3.72%) MySQL
10 46 (3.06%) SQL Server Reporting Services
11 45 (2.99%) Apache Cassandra
12 43 (2.86%) Data Warehouse
13 38 (2.53%) PostgreSQL
14 36 (2.39%) SQL Server Analysis Services
15 25 (1.66%) Redis
16 22 (1.46%) Tableau
17 20 (1.33%) KDB
17 20 (1.33%) SQL Server 2016
18 19 (1.26%) Azure SQL Database
18 19 (1.26%) RDBMS
Development Applications
1 150 (9.97%) Git (software)
2 76 (5.05%) Team Foundation Server
3 61 (4.06%) JIRA
4 54 (3.59%) Jenkins
5 49 (3.26%) Visual Studio Team System
6 39 (2.59%) Visual Studio
7 35 (2.33%) TeamCity
8 32 (2.13%) Maven
8 32 (2.13%) Selenium
9 25 (1.66%) NUnit
10 22 (1.46%) Cucumber
10 22 (1.46%) webpack
11 21 (1.40%) Octopus Deploy
12 19 (1.26%) Cypress.io
12 19 (1.26%) WebDriver
13 16 (1.06%) Bitbucket
14 15 (1.00%) GitLab
15 13 (0.86%) Rhino Mocks
16 10 (0.66%) Jasmine
16 10 (0.66%) JUnit
General
1 505 (33.58%) Finance
2 243 (16.16%) Social Skills
3 169 (11.24%) Banking
4 154 (10.24%) Front Office
5 66 (4.39%) Analytical Skills
6 48 (3.19%) Investment Banking
7 42 (2.79%) Organisational Skills
8 40 (2.66%) Marketing
9 36 (2.39%) Retail
10 30 (1.99%) Advertising
11 19 (1.26%) Games
12 17 (1.13%) Public Sector
13 15 (1.00%) Inclusion and Diversity
13 15 (1.00%) Law
14 11 (0.73%) Telecoms
15 10 (0.66%) Publishing
16 9 (0.60%) Financial Institution
17 7 (0.47%) Online Betting
18 6 (0.40%) Electronics
18 6 (0.40%) Manufacturing
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 414 (27.53%) React
2 374 (24.87%) .NET
3 295 (19.61%) CSS
4 263 (17.49%) HTML
5 208 (13.83%) AngularJS
6 167 (11.10%) Node.js
7 162 (10.77%) .NET Core
8 159 (10.57%) Web Services
9 139 (9.24%) HTML5
10 118 (7.85%) REST
11 116 (7.71%) Spring
12 114 (7.58%) jQuery
13 90 (5.98%) .NET Framework
14 88 (5.85%) Kafka
15 83 (5.52%) ASP.NET
16 78 (5.19%) Twitter Bootstrap
17 77 (5.12%) ASP.NET Web API
18 76 (5.05%) Redux
19 70 (4.65%) Entity Framework
20 66 (4.39%) RESTful
Miscellaneous
1 139 (9.24%) Greenfield Project
2 85 (5.65%) User Experience
3 68 (4.52%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
4 62 (4.12%) Data Structures
5 58 (3.86%) Algorithms
6 55 (3.66%) Derivative
7 48 (3.19%) Enterprise Software
7 48 (3.19%) N-Tier
7 48 (3.19%) Self-Motivation
8 46 (3.06%) Fixed Income
9 45 (2.99%) Mobile App
10 41 (2.73%) Equities
11 38 (2.53%) Hedge funds
12 26 (1.73%) Legacy Systems
13 22 (1.46%) Clustering
14 20 (1.33%) Equity Derivative
14 20 (1.33%) Reinsurance
15 19 (1.26%) Social Media
16 17 (1.13%) Management Information System
17 13 (0.86%) Video\Live Streaming
Operating Systems
1 82 (5.45%) Linux
2 46 (3.06%) Windows
3 36 (2.39%) Unix
4 25 (1.66%) Apple iOS
5 19 (1.26%) Android
6 6 (0.40%) Windows Server
7 4 (0.27%) Windows Server 2019
8 2 (0.13%) Mac OS X
Processes & Methodologies
1 584 (38.83%) Agile Software Development
2 279 (18.55%) Fintech
2 279 (18.55%) Microservices
3 264 (17.55%) DevOps
4 219 (14.56%) Full Stack Development
5 201 (13.36%) TDD
6 187 (12.43%) OO
7 165 (10.97%) Multithreading
8 162 (10.77%) Software Engineering
9 153 (10.17%) Continuous Integration
10 150 (9.97%) Test Automation
11 142 (9.44%) MVC
12 134 (8.91%) Front End Development
13 129 (8.58%) Computer Science
14 123 (8.18%) Scrum
15 122 (8.11%) Analytics
16 115 (7.65%) SOLID
17 110 (7.31%) Mentoring
18 104 (6.91%) Business Intelligence
19 101 (6.72%) CRM
Programming Languages
1 507 (33.71%) JavaScript
2 483 (32.11%) Java
3 432 (28.72%) C#
4 419 (27.86%) SQL
5 226 (15.03%) Python
6 147 (9.77%) TypeScript
7 97 (6.45%) T-SQL
8 93 (6.18%) Java 8
9 72 (4.79%) Kotlin
10 63 (4.19%) PowerShell
11 62 (4.12%) PHP
11 62 (4.12%) Scala
12 61 (4.06%) C++
13 44 (2.93%) ES6
14 25 (1.66%) Go
15 20 (1.33%) Apex Code
16 17 (1.13%) Bash Shell
17 15 (1.00%) Ruby
18 14 (0.93%) Java 11
18 14 (0.93%) VBA
Qualifications
1 160 (10.64%) Degree
2 70 (4.65%) Computer Science Degree
3 17 (1.13%) Master's Degree
3 17 (1.13%) SC Cleared
3 17 (1.13%) Security Cleared
4 8 (0.53%) DV Cleared
4 8 (0.53%) PhD
5 3 (0.20%) SANS
6 2 (0.13%) DBS Check
6 2 (0.13%) Numerate Degree
7 1 (0.066%) ITIL Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 60 (3.99%) QA
2 18 (1.20%) Accessibility
3 8 (0.53%) Data Quality
4 5 (0.33%) Dodd-Frank
4 5 (0.33%) EMIR
4 5 (0.33%) MiFID
5 4 (0.27%) WCAG
6 3 (0.20%) ISO 20022
6 3 (0.20%) PMO
6 3 (0.20%) PSD2
7 2 (0.13%) SEPA
8 1 (0.066%) SLA
8 1 (0.066%) TARGET2
System Software
1 155 (10.31%) Docker
2 8 (0.53%) Active Directory
3 4 (0.27%) Hyper-V
4 2 (0.13%) ISA Server
4 2 (0.13%) VMware Infrastructure
5 1 (0.066%) Apache ZooKeeper
Systems Management
1 145 (9.64%) Kubernetes
2 83 (5.52%) Terraform
3 51 (3.39%) Opscode Chef
4 7 (0.47%) Ansible
4 7 (0.47%) Prometheus
5 4 (0.27%) Grafana
5 4 (0.27%) Kibana
5 4 (0.27%) Puppet
6 2 (0.13%) logstash
7 1 (0.066%) Control-M
7 1 (0.066%) Foglight
7 1 (0.066%) Marathon
7 1 (0.066%) Mesos
7 1 (0.066%) Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 98 (6.52%) Microsoft
2 53 (3.52%) Oracle
3 45 (2.99%) Google
4 41 (2.73%) Nintex
5 26 (1.73%) Salesforce.com
6 18 (1.20%) Workday
7 17 (1.13%) Informatica
8 14 (0.93%) Charles River
8 14 (0.93%) Fidessa
9 11 (0.73%) IBM
10 9 (0.60%) SAP
11 8 (0.53%) Intapp
11 8 (0.53%) Sitecore
12 6 (0.40%) Adobe
12 6 (0.40%) MuleSoft
12 6 (0.40%) Murex
12 6 (0.40%) ServiceNow
12 6 (0.40%) SnapLogic
12 6 (0.40%) Talend
13 5 (0.33%) TIBCO