Period
to 17 October 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for Kubernetes skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Kubernetes over the 6 months to 17 October 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Kubernetes (k8s)
Central London > City of London
6 months to
17 Oct 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 16 21 34
Rank change year-on-year +5 +13 +61
Permanent jobs citing Kubernetes 704 376 685
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the City of London 11.95% 10.51% 6.82%
As % of the Systems Management category 63.42% 52.29% 46.13%
Number of salaries quoted 664 351 645
10th Percentile £54,266 £53,750 £53,750
25th Percentile £65,000 £62,500 £62,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £85,000 £75,000 £80,000
Median % change year-on-year +13.33% -6.25% +6.67%
75th Percentile £101,250 £87,500 £95,000
90th Percentile £115,000 £110,000 £110,000
Central London median annual salary £85,000 £77,500 £75,000
% change year-on-year +9.68% +3.33% -

Kubernetes is in the Systems Management category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for systems management skills.

All Systems Management Skills
City of London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for systems management skills 1,110 719 1,485
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the City of London 18.84% 20.10% 14.79%
Number of salaries quoted 1,009 655 1,305
10th Percentile £52,400 £47,500 £41,750
25th Percentile £61,250 £57,500 £54,125
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £80,000 £72,500 £70,000
Median % change year-on-year +10.34% +3.57% +3.70%
75th Percentile £96,250 £86,250 £87,500
90th Percentile £110,000 £102,000 £105,000
Central London median annual salary £77,500 £72,500 £70,000
% change year-on-year +6.90% +3.57% +7.69%

Kubernetes
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing Kubernetes as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for Kubernetes in the City of London

Kubernetes
Salary Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Kubernetes in the City of London.

Salary trend for Kubernetes in the City of London

Kubernetes
Salary Histogram in the City of London

Salary distribution for jobs citing Kubernetes in the City of London over the 6 months to 17 October 2021.

Salary histogram for Kubernetes in the City of London

For the 6 months to 17 October 2021, IT jobs citing Kubernetes also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for Kubernetes.

1 528 (75.00%) Docker
2 447 (63.49%) DevOps
3 410 (58.24%) AWS
4 319 (45.31%) Terraform
5 298 (42.33%) Python
6 290 (41.19%) Java
7 258 (36.65%) Jenkins
8 250 (35.51%) Infrastructure as Code
9 233 (33.10%) Azure
9 233 (33.10%) Agile Software Development
10 218 (30.97%) GCP
11 214 (30.40%) Microservices
12 197 (27.98%) Software Engineering
13 157 (22.30%) Finance
14 141 (20.03%) Linux
15 140 (19.89%) Fintech
16 114 (16.19%) SQL
17 113 (16.05%) NoSQL
17 113 (16.05%) Serverless
18 111 (15.77%) C#
19 108 (15.34%) Ansible
20 98 (13.92%) Go
21 96 (13.64%) Kafka
22 90 (12.78%) Puppet
23 89 (12.64%) Git (software)
23 89 (12.64%) Social Skills
24 88 (12.50%) MongoDB
25 86 (12.22%) Test Automation
25 86 (12.22%) Node.js
26 83 (11.79%) PostgreSQL

Kubernetes
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 43 (6.11%) Confluence
2 21 (2.98%) Elasticsearch
3 14 (1.99%) Apache Spark
4 11 (1.56%) Apache Solr
4 11 (1.56%) CMS
4 11 (1.56%) Drupal
4 11 (1.56%) nginx
5 6 (0.85%) Cloud Foundry
6 5 (0.71%) Apache
7 4 (0.57%) OpenStack
7 4 (0.57%) Tomcat
8 3 (0.43%) Apache Airflow
8 3 (0.43%) SharePoint
9 2 (0.28%) IIS
9 2 (0.28%) Red Hat Fuse
9 2 (0.28%) SAS
10 1 (0.14%) Adobe Experience Manager
10 1 (0.14%) JBoss
10 1 (0.14%) MS Exchange
10 1 (0.14%) WebSphere
Applications
1 8 (1.14%) MS Visio
2 4 (0.57%) Microsoft Excel
2 4 (0.57%) Microsoft Office
2 4 (0.57%) Microsoft PowerPoint
Business Applications
1 1 (0.14%) Distributed Ledger
1 1 (0.14%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
Cloud Services
1 410 (58.24%) AWS
2 233 (33.10%) Azure
3 218 (30.97%) GCP
4 113 (16.05%) Serverless
5 53 (7.53%) SaaS
6 49 (6.96%) AWS CloudFormation
7 46 (6.53%) PaaS
8 43 (6.11%) IaaS
9 40 (5.68%) Amazon EC2
10 26 (3.69%) GitHub
11 23 (3.27%) Amazon S3
12 22 (3.13%) Virtual Private Cloud
13 21 (2.98%) AWS Lambda
14 16 (2.27%) Amazon EKS
15 12 (1.70%) OpenShift
16 9 (1.28%) Cloud Computing
17 8 (1.14%) Azure Event Grid
17 8 (1.14%) Lucidchart
18 7 (0.99%) Azure Key Vault
19 6 (0.85%) Pulumi
Communications & Networking
1 16 (2.27%) Network Security
2 11 (1.56%) Firewall
3 7 (0.99%) HTTP
4 5 (0.71%) DNS
5 3 (0.43%) AMQP
6 2 (0.28%) Broadband
6 2 (0.28%) LAN
6 2 (0.28%) TCP/IP
6 2 (0.28%) WAN
6 2 (0.28%) Wi-Fi
7 1 (0.14%) BGP
7 1 (0.14%) Cisco Nexus
7 1 (0.14%) OSPF
7 1 (0.14%) SAN
7 1 (0.14%) SMS
7 1 (0.14%) tcpdump
7 1 (0.14%) Telnet
7 1 (0.14%) Unified Communications
7 1 (0.14%) VLAN
7 1 (0.14%) VoIP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 113 (16.05%) NoSQL
2 88 (12.50%) MongoDB
3 83 (11.79%) PostgreSQL
4 72 (10.23%) SQL Server
5 65 (9.23%) Big Data
6 64 (9.09%) Relational Database
7 54 (7.67%) Amazon DynamoDB
8 39 (5.54%) MySQL
9 31 (4.40%) Hadoop
9 31 (4.40%) Redis
10 26 (3.69%) Apache Cassandra
11 15 (2.13%) Amazon RDS
12 14 (1.99%) Blockchain
13 13 (1.85%) Azure SQL Database
14 12 (1.70%) Amazon Redshift
15 8 (1.14%) Data Lake
16 7 (0.99%) Amazon Aurora
16 7 (0.99%) Data Warehouse
17 5 (0.71%) ArangoDB
17 5 (0.71%) Tableau
Development Applications
1 258 (36.65%) Jenkins
2 89 (12.64%) Git (software)
3 69 (9.80%) Atlassian Bamboo
4 63 (8.95%) JIRA
5 53 (7.53%) SonarQube
6 48 (6.82%) CircleCI
7 40 (5.68%) TeamCity
8 25 (3.55%) GitLab
9 22 (3.13%) Cypress.io
10 17 (2.41%) Maven
10 17 (2.41%) Spinnaker
11 15 (2.13%) Octopus Deploy
12 14 (1.99%) webpack
13 13 (1.85%) Bitbucket
14 11 (1.56%) Selenium
15 9 (1.28%) JUnit
16 7 (0.99%) Gradle
16 7 (0.99%) Sonatype Nexus
16 7 (0.99%) Travis CI
17 6 (0.85%) Mockito
General
1 157 (22.30%) Finance
2 89 (12.64%) Social Skills
3 50 (7.10%) Presentation Skills
4 44 (6.25%) Influencing Skills
5 41 (5.82%) Publishing
6 40 (5.68%) Retail
7 39 (5.54%) Banking
8 31 (4.40%) Games
9 13 (1.85%) Law
9 13 (1.85%) Telecoms
10 12 (1.70%) Analytical Skills
11 10 (1.42%) Legal
12 9 (1.28%) Investment Banking
13 8 (1.14%) Public Sector
14 7 (0.99%) Advertising
15 6 (0.85%) Back Office
15 6 (0.85%) Inclusion and Diversity
16 4 (0.57%) Billing
16 4 (0.57%) Manufacturing
17 3 (0.43%) Financial Institution
Job Titles
1 234 (33.24%) DevOps Engineer
2 140 (19.89%) Developer
3 67 (9.52%) Java Developer
4 64 (9.09%) AWS Engineer
5 60 (8.52%) Technical Leader
6 59 (8.38%) Senior DevOps
7 57 (8.10%) Senior DevOps Engineer
8 46 (6.53%) AWS DevOps
9 45 (6.39%) AWS DevOps Engineer
10 43 (6.11%) Software Engineer
11 42 (5.97%) Senior Developer
12 41 (5.82%) Java Engineer
13 40 (5.68%) Architect
14 39 (5.54%) Cloud Engineer
15 38 (5.40%) Platform Engineer
16 36 (5.11%) Lead DevOps
17 35 (4.97%) Lead DevOps Engineer
17 35 (4.97%) Security Engineer
18 33 (4.69%) Kubernetes Engineer
19 32 (4.55%) Site Reliability Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 96 (13.64%) Kafka
2 86 (12.22%) Node.js
3 82 (11.65%) React
4 70 (9.94%) Spring
5 62 (8.81%) .NET
6 54 (7.67%) Spring Boot
7 52 (7.39%) Web Services
8 48 (6.82%) OAuth
9 45 (6.39%) OAuth2
9 45 (6.39%) OpenID
10 42 (5.97%) .NET Core
11 41 (5.82%) REST
12 31 (4.40%) AngularJS
13 28 (3.98%) HTML
14 26 (3.69%) CSS
15 23 (3.27%) Hibernate
16 20 (2.84%) ActiveMQ
16 20 (2.84%) GraphQL
16 20 (2.84%) JMS
16 20 (2.84%) Vue.js
Miscellaneous
1 36 (5.11%) Cloud Native
2 24 (3.41%) Data Centre
3 23 (3.27%) Public Cloud
4 22 (3.13%) Self-Motivation
5 17 (2.41%) Greenfield Project
5 17 (2.41%) Mobile App
6 12 (1.70%) Hedge funds
7 11 (1.56%) Management Information System
8 10 (1.42%) Clustering
9 8 (1.14%) Equities
9 8 (1.14%) Legacy Systems
10 7 (0.99%) Social Media
11 6 (0.85%) Client/Server
11 6 (0.85%) Hybrid Cloud
12 5 (0.71%) Enterprise Software
12 5 (0.71%) Private Cloud
12 5 (0.71%) Tandem
13 4 (0.57%) Reference Data
14 3 (0.43%) Analytical Mindset
14 3 (0.43%) Blog
Operating Systems
1 141 (20.03%) Linux
2 21 (2.98%) Windows
3 20 (2.84%) Unix
4 19 (2.70%) Ubuntu
5 12 (1.70%) CentOS
6 9 (1.28%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 7 (0.99%) CoreOS
8 4 (0.57%) Android
8 4 (0.57%) Apple iOS
9 3 (0.43%) VMS
10 2 (0.28%) Solaris
10 2 (0.28%) SUSE
Processes & Methodologies
1 447 (63.49%) DevOps
2 250 (35.51%) Infrastructure as Code
3 233 (33.10%) Agile Software Development
4 214 (30.40%) Microservices
5 197 (27.98%) Software Engineering
6 140 (19.89%) Fintech
7 86 (12.22%) Test Automation
8 77 (10.94%) Event-Driven
9 65 (9.23%) Technical Leadership
10 63 (8.95%) Event-Driven Architecture
11 56 (7.95%) Site Reliability Engineering
12 55 (7.81%) TDD
13 53 (7.53%) Analytics
14 52 (7.39%) Code Coverage
14 52 (7.39%) Data Privacy
14 52 (7.39%) OWASP
14 52 (7.39%) Process Management
14 52 (7.39%) UML
15 50 (7.10%) Enterprise Architecture
16 49 (6.96%) Configuration Management
Programming Languages
1 298 (42.33%) Python
2 290 (41.19%) Java
3 114 (16.19%) SQL
4 111 (15.77%) C#
5 98 (13.92%) Go
6 81 (11.51%) JavaScript
7 76 (10.80%) Bash Shell
8 58 (8.24%) Scala
9 57 (8.10%) C++
10 56 (7.95%) PowerShell
11 32 (4.55%) Java 8
12 30 (4.26%) Kotlin
13 25 (3.55%) TypeScript
14 15 (2.13%) Ruby
15 12 (1.70%) C
15 12 (1.70%) Rust
16 11 (1.56%) PHP
17 7 (0.99%) T-SQL
18 6 (0.85%) Groovy
19 5 (0.71%) R
Qualifications
1 77 (10.94%) Degree
2 62 (8.81%) Master's Degree
3 9 (1.28%) AWS Certification
4 8 (1.14%) Computer Science Degree
5 5 (0.71%) SC Cleared
5 5 (0.71%) Security Cleared
6 4 (0.57%) CISSP
6 4 (0.57%) GIAC
6 4 (0.57%) SANS
7 3 (0.43%) Cisco Certification
7 3 (0.43%) Microsoft Certification
8 2 (0.28%) CCNA
8 2 (0.28%) DBS Check
8 2 (0.28%) OCP
8 2 (0.28%) Oracle Certification
9 1 (0.14%) PhD
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 82 (11.65%) QA
2 53 (7.53%) GDPR
3 13 (1.85%) Data Quality
4 3 (0.43%) Sarbanes-Oxley
5 2 (0.28%) Accessibility
5 2 (0.28%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 2 (0.28%) NIST
6 1 (0.14%) Cyber Essentials
6 1 (0.14%) HMG Security Policy Framework
6 1 (0.14%) PCI DSS
6 1 (0.14%) SLA
System Software
1 528 (75.00%) Docker
2 9 (1.28%) Active Directory
3 5 (0.71%) Virtual Machines
4 4 (0.57%) Firmware
4 4 (0.57%) VMware Infrastructure
5 3 (0.43%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 2 (0.28%) Hyper-V
6 2 (0.28%) ISA Server
6 2 (0.28%) KVM
7 1 (0.14%) LXC
7 1 (0.14%) Virtual Desktop
7 1 (0.14%) VirtualBox
7 1 (0.14%) vSphere
7 1 (0.14%) Xen
Systems Management
1 319 (45.31%) Terraform
2 108 (15.34%) Ansible
3 90 (12.78%) Puppet
4 44 (6.25%) Prometheus
5 37 (5.26%) Grafana
6 19 (2.70%) Opscode Chef
7 13 (1.85%) Packer
8 11 (1.56%) Consul
9 8 (1.14%) Istio
10 6 (0.85%) Docker Swarm
11 5 (0.71%) Kubeflow
12 4 (0.57%) HAProxy
12 4 (0.57%) Icinga
12 4 (0.57%) Mesos
12 4 (0.57%) Nagios
13 2 (0.28%) Control-M
13 2 (0.28%) Salt
14 1 (0.14%) CASB
14 1 (0.14%) Graphite
14 1 (0.14%) Kibana
Vendors
1 69 (9.80%) Oracle
2 59 (8.38%) Google
3 29 (4.12%) Microsoft
4 13 (1.85%) Splunk
5 9 (1.28%) Red Hat
6 7 (0.99%) Palo Alto
7 6 (0.85%) VMware
8 4 (0.57%) AppDynamics
8 4 (0.57%) Bloomberg
8 4 (0.57%) Cadence
8 4 (0.57%) Concur
8 4 (0.57%) Fidessa
8 4 (0.57%) Sage
8 4 (0.57%) Sun
9 3 (0.43%) Atlassian
9 3 (0.43%) F5
9 3 (0.43%) SaltStack
10 2 (0.28%) IBM
10 2 (0.28%) LogRhythm
10 2 (0.28%) New Relic