Period
to 23 November 2017

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for JPA skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited JPA over the 6 months to 23 November 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Java Persistence API (JPA)
UK
6 months to
23 Nov 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 590 644 692
Rank change year-on-year +54 +48 +81
Permanent jobs citing JPA 721 696 719
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.40% 0.37% 0.33%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 1.00% 0.94% 0.87%
Number of salaries quoted 506 609 634
UK median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year - +5.26% +11.76%
10th Percentile £33,000 £31,250 £32,500
90th Percentile £77,500 £81,250 £68,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £45,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +11.11% - +12.50%

JPA is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 72188 74049 82710
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 40.07% 39.01% 38.03%
Number of salaries quoted 60025 64270 70733
UK median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £45,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% +1.12%
10th Percentile £29,750 £28,750 £27,500
90th Percentile £77,500 £76,250 £73,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £42,500 £42,500 £40,000
% change year-on-year - +6.25% -

JPA
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing JPA as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for JPA in the UK

JPA
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing JPA.

Salary trend for JPA in the UK

JPA
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing JPA over the 6 months to 23 November 2017.

Salary histogram for JPA in the UK

JPA
Top 16 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing JPA within the UK over the 6 months to 23 November 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +50 680 £52,500 +5.00% 39
UK excluding London +52 461 £50,000 +11.11% 32
London +8 258 £70,000 +16.67% 11
South West +27 129 £45,000 +5.88% 4
Midlands +55 99 £50,000 +11.11% 8
West Midlands +58 69 £53,750 +19.44% 5
North of England -2 68 £47,500 +5.56% 8
South East +26 63 £60,000 +33.33% 5
East of England +21 63 £50,000 - 3
North West -36 38 £48,750 +8.33% 7
East Midlands +21 30 £45,000 -5.26% 3
Scotland -6 29 £45,000 -5.26% 3
Yorkshire +37 27 £45,000 +5.88% 1
Wales -8 11 £40,000 +6.67% 1
North East +11 3 £42,500 +14.09%
Northern Ireland - 1 £50,000 -

For the 6 months to 23 November 2017, IT jobs citing JPA also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all job ads with a requirement for JPA.

1 713 (98.89%) Java
2 628 (87.10%) Spring
3 509 (70.60%) Hibernate
4 467 (64.77%) Agile Software Development
5 348 (48.27%) REST
6 327 (45.35%) JavaScript
7 283 (39.25%) TDD
8 281 (38.97%) MVC
9 278 (38.56%) Finance
10 272 (37.73%) SQL
11 269 (37.31%) Web Services
12 255 (35.37%) JUnit
13 252 (34.95%) Scrum
14 251 (34.81%) SOAP
15 236 (32.73%) HTML
16 233 (32.32%) Spring MVC
17 222 (30.79%) Oracle
18 214 (29.68%) Tomcat
19 207 (28.71%) XML
20 203 (28.16%) J2EE
21 195 (27.05%) Java EE
22 194 (26.91%) AngularJS
22 194 (26.91%) Maven
23 186 (25.80%) Git (software)
24 179 (24.83%) BDD
25 174 (24.13%) Linux
26 165 (22.88%) Software Engineering
27 162 (22.47%) MongoDB
28 158 (21.91%) JBoss
29 144 (19.97%) CSS

JPA
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 214 (29.68%) Tomcat
2 158 (21.91%) JBoss
3 78 (10.82%) Mule
4 68 (9.43%) Apache
5 63 (8.74%) Mule ESB
6 49 (6.80%) Jetty
7 47 (6.52%) WebSphere
8 45 (6.24%) WebLogic
9 28 (3.88%) Oracle SOA Suite
10 27 (3.74%) Confluence
11 26 (3.61%) Elasticsearch
12 18 (2.50%) GlassFish
13 13 (1.80%) Liferay
13 13 (1.80%) OpenStack
14 12 (1.66%) Apache Solr
15 10 (1.39%) Apache Spark
15 10 (1.39%) nginx
15 10 (1.39%) WildFly
16 9 (1.25%) Alfresco
17 8 (1.11%) Oracle Workflow
Business Applications
1 15 (2.08%) Oracle BPM
2 9 (1.25%) Payment Gateway
3 3 (0.42%) SAP Hybris
3 3 (0.42%) Unica
Cloud Services
1 104 (14.42%) Amazon AWS
2 79 (10.96%) SaaS
3 60 (8.32%) Amazon EC2
4 49 (6.80%) GitHub
5 48 (6.66%) Microsoft Azure
6 11 (1.53%) Cloud Computing
7 9 (1.25%) OpenShift
8 5 (0.69%) AWS Lambda
8 5 (0.69%) PaaS
9 4 (0.55%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
9 4 (0.55%) IaaS
10 3 (0.42%) Bluemix
10 3 (0.42%) IBM Cloud
10 3 (0.42%) npm
10 3 (0.42%) Silverpop
11 2 (0.28%) Amazon SQS
12 1 (0.14%) Amazon ELB
12 1 (0.14%) Amazon S3
12 1 (0.14%) Firebase
12 1 (0.14%) Serverless
Communications & Networking
1 53 (7.35%) LDAP
2 29 (4.02%) Internet
3 28 (3.88%) AMQP
4 15 (2.08%) HTTP
5 7 (0.97%) SNMP
6 6 (0.83%) VoIP
7 4 (0.55%) HTTPS
8 3 (0.42%) Intranet
8 3 (0.42%) TCP/IP
9 2 (0.28%) SMS
10 1 (0.14%) Broadband
10 1 (0.14%) DSL
10 1 (0.14%) Firewall
10 1 (0.14%) FTP
10 1 (0.14%) Unified Communications
Database & Business Intelligence
1 162 (22.47%) MongoDB
2 136 (18.86%) NoSQL
3 111 (15.40%) MySQL
4 100 (13.87%) Relational Database
5 88 (12.21%) SQL Server
6 79 (10.96%) PostgreSQL
7 58 (8.04%) Amazon DynamoDB
8 56 (7.77%) Oracle Database
9 52 (7.21%) Redis
10 44 (6.10%) Apache Cassandra
11 37 (5.13%) Hadoop
12 35 (4.85%) RDBMS
13 27 (3.74%) Couchbase
13 27 (3.74%) Oracle Database 12c
14 23 (3.19%) Riak
15 19 (2.64%) DB2
16 18 (2.50%) Hazelcast
17 17 (2.36%) Blockchain
18 16 (2.22%) Oracle Database 11g
19 13 (1.80%) Oracle Database 10g
Development Applications
1 255 (35.37%) JUnit
2 194 (26.91%) Maven
3 186 (25.80%) Git (software)
4 143 (19.83%) Subversion
5 135 (18.72%) Jenkins
6 103 (14.29%) JIRA
7 89 (12.34%) IntelliJ
8 69 (9.57%) Cucumber
9 65 (9.02%) Selenium
10 45 (6.24%) Mockito
11 41 (5.69%) Eclipse
12 38 (5.27%) Gradle
13 28 (3.88%) Protractor
13 28 (3.88%) SoapUI
14 27 (3.74%) TestNG
15 24 (3.33%) Ant
16 23 (3.19%) TeamCity
17 22 (3.05%) Vagrant
18 20 (2.77%) FitNesse
19 15 (2.08%) Atlassian Bamboo
General
1 278 (38.56%) Finance
2 113 (15.67%) Banking
3 78 (10.82%) Marketing
4 75 (10.40%) Telecoms
5 72 (9.99%) Retail
6 71 (9.85%) Electronics
7 68 (9.43%) Investment Banking
7 68 (9.43%) Manufacturing
8 52 (7.21%) Retail Banking
9 22 (3.05%) Advertising
10 20 (2.77%) Games
11 13 (1.80%) Automotive
11 13 (1.80%) Billing
12 9 (1.25%) Back Office
13 8 (1.11%) Law
14 7 (0.97%) Aerospace
15 5 (0.69%) Financial Institution
16 4 (0.55%) Legal
16 4 (0.55%) Music Industry
17 2 (0.28%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 537 (74.48%) Developer
2 516 (71.57%) Java Developer
3 176 (24.41%) Senior Developer
4 171 (23.72%) Senior Java Developer
5 85 (11.79%) Java Engineer
6 73 (10.12%) Software Engineer
7 62 (8.60%) Java Software Engineer
8 59 (8.18%) Java Software Developer
9 52 (7.21%) Agile Developer
9 52 (7.21%) Agile Java Developer
10 44 (6.10%) Software Developer
11 38 (5.27%) Full Stack Developer
12 35 (4.85%) Senior Java Engineer
13 32 (4.44%) Senior Agile Developer
13 32 (4.44%) Senior Agile Java Developer
14 24 (3.33%) Architect
15 22 (3.05%) Developer/Software Engineer
16 19 (2.64%) JavaScript Developer
17 17 (2.36%) J2EE Developer
17 17 (2.36%) Java/J2EE Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 628 (87.10%) Spring
2 509 (70.60%) Hibernate
3 348 (48.27%) REST
4 269 (37.31%) Web Services
5 251 (34.81%) SOAP
6 236 (32.73%) HTML
7 233 (32.32%) Spring MVC
8 207 (28.71%) XML
9 203 (28.16%) J2EE
10 195 (27.05%) Java EE
11 194 (26.91%) AngularJS
12 144 (19.97%) CSS
13 140 (19.42%) Spring Boot
14 129 (17.89%) HTML5
15 128 (17.75%) JMS
16 111 (15.40%) RESTful
17 108 (14.98%) JSON
18 100 (13.87%) Apache Camel
19 85 (11.79%) EJB
20 79 (10.96%) Spring Integration
Miscellaneous
1 74 (10.26%) Computer Science
2 53 (7.35%) User Experience
3 36 (4.99%) Enterprise Software
4 26 (3.61%) Fintech
5 23 (3.19%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
6 21 (2.91%) Algorithms
7 17 (2.36%) Greenfield Project
8 14 (1.94%) Analytical Skills
8 14 (1.94%) Online Games
9 11 (1.53%) Data Structures
10 9 (1.25%) Credit Risk
10 9 (1.25%) RIA
11 8 (1.11%) Mobile App
12 6 (0.83%) Smart Meter
13 4 (0.55%) Bitcoin
13 4 (0.55%) Equities
13 4 (0.55%) NHS
14 3 (0.42%) SWIFT
15 2 (0.28%) Digital Media
15 2 (0.28%) Reference Data
Operating Systems
1 174 (24.13%) Linux
2 103 (14.29%) Unix
3 22 (3.05%) Windows
4 14 (1.94%) Android
4 14 (1.94%) Apple iOS
5 3 (0.42%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 1 (0.14%) Mac OS X
6 1 (0.14%) Windows Server
Processes & Methodologies
1 467 (64.77%) Agile Software Development
2 283 (39.25%) TDD
3 281 (38.97%) MVC
4 252 (34.95%) Scrum
5 179 (24.83%) BDD
6 165 (22.88%) Software Engineering
7 144 (19.97%) Kanban
8 142 (19.69%) SDLC
9 136 (18.86%) Continuous Integration
10 116 (16.09%) Microservices
11 106 (14.70%) Integration Testing
12 103 (14.29%) Test Automation
13 78 (10.82%) OO
14 74 (10.26%) Business Intelligence
15 73 (10.12%) Web Development
16 70 (9.71%) Open Source
17 69 (9.57%) Mentoring
17 69 (9.57%) Unit Testing
18 68 (9.43%) Digital Marketing
18 68 (9.43%) Programme Management
Programming Languages
1 713 (98.89%) Java
2 327 (45.35%) JavaScript
3 272 (37.73%) SQL
4 88 (12.21%) PL/SQL
5 57 (7.91%) Shell Script
6 49 (6.80%) Python
7 44 (6.10%) PHP
8 32 (4.44%) Bash Shell
9 31 (4.30%) Groovy
9 31 (4.30%) Scala
10 25 (3.47%) Ruby
11 18 (2.50%) XPath
12 17 (2.36%) C#
12 17 (2.36%) C++
13 16 (2.22%) C
14 10 (1.39%) Go
15 8 (1.11%) Clojure
16 6 (0.83%) T-SQL
17 3 (0.42%) TypeScript
17 3 (0.42%) VC++
Qualifications
1 90 (12.48%) Degree
2 53 (7.35%) Computer Science Degree
3 25 (3.47%) Security Cleared
4 10 (1.39%) SC Cleared
5 7 (0.97%) OCP
5 7 (0.97%) Oracle Certification
6 3 (0.42%) HND
7 2 (0.28%) PhD
8 1 (0.14%) Master's Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 99 (13.73%) QA
2 16 (2.22%) SLA
3 1 (0.14%) GDPR
3 1 (0.14%) SEPA
System Software
1 94 (13.04%) Docker
2 50 (6.93%) Active Directory
3 6 (0.83%) HDFS
4 2 (0.28%) Apache ZooKeeper
Systems Management
1 50 (6.93%) Puppet
2 47 (6.52%) Opscode Chef
3 46 (6.38%) Ansible
4 20 (2.77%) Cobbler
5 14 (1.94%) Kubernetes
6 7 (0.97%) Terraform
7 6 (0.83%) Hadoop YARN
7 6 (0.83%) Marathon
8 1 (0.14%) BladeLogic
8 1 (0.14%) Control-M
8 1 (0.14%) HP Quality Center
8 1 (0.14%) MOM
Vendors
1 222 (30.79%) Oracle
2 75 (10.40%) SAP
3 63 (8.74%) Apple
4 56 (7.77%) IBM
5 24 (3.33%) Splunk
6 21 (2.91%) TIBCO
7 16 (2.22%) AppDynamics
8 15 (2.08%) Google
9 13 (1.80%) Perforce
10 12 (1.66%) Atlassian
10 12 (1.66%) HP
11 8 (1.11%) Informatica
11 8 (1.11%) Microsoft
12 5 (0.69%) Facebook
12 5 (0.69%) Sybase
13 4 (0.55%) ILOG
13 4 (0.55%) Red Hat
14 3 (0.42%) Altova
14 3 (0.42%) hybris
14 3 (0.42%) Pega