Period
to 19 September 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for JPA skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited JPA over the 6 months to 19 September 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Java Persistence API (JPA)
UK
6 months to
19 Sep 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 714 612 690
Rank change year-on-year -102 +78 +41
Permanent jobs citing JPA 496 723 659
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.30% 0.41% 0.34%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 0.74% 1.01% 0.87%
Number of salaries quoted 379 494 558
UK median annual salary £57,500 £50,000 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +15.00% - +5.26%
10th Percentile £37,400 £32,500 £30,000
90th Percentile £81,500 £77,500 £80,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year - +11.11% +5.88%

JPA is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 67,453 71,611 75,835
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 40.29% 40.36% 39.10%
Number of salaries quoted 55,888 59,262 65,798
UK median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.26% - +5.56%
10th Percentile £31,250 £29,000 £28,750
90th Percentile £82,500 £77,500 £75,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £42,500 £41,500
% change year-on-year +5.88% +2.41% +3.75%

JPA
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing JPA as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for JPA in the UK

JPA
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing JPA.

Salary trend for JPA in the UK

JPA
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing JPA over the 6 months to 19 September 2018.

Salary histogram for JPA in the UK

JPA
Top 15 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing JPA within the UK over the 6 months to 19 September 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -103 463 £57,500 +11.65% 63
UK excluding London -138 252 £50,000 - 51
London +17 236 £57,500 -14.81% 16
South West -73 77 £45,000 - 7
South East +25 70 £62,500 +25.00% 13
Midlands -5 40 £50,000 - 9
East Midlands +8 25 £42,500 -15.00% 5
East of England -23 22 £40,000 -20.00% 12
Scotland +4 21 £50,000 +11.11% 3
North of England -19 19 £45,000 - 6
West Midlands -4 13 £50,000 -9.09% 4
North West -11 9 £58,750 +30.56%
Yorkshire -11 9 £37,000 -17.78% 5
Wales +6 6 £41,250 -8.33%
North East -22 1 £39,250 -7.65% 1

For the 6 months to 19 September 2018, IT jobs citing JPA also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for JPA.

1 493 (99.40%) Java
2 428 (86.29%) Spring
3 354 (71.37%) Hibernate
4 290 (58.47%) Agile Software Development
5 235 (47.38%) Git (software)
6 234 (47.18%) JavaScript
7 202 (40.73%) REST
8 201 (40.52%) SQL
9 193 (38.91%) Java 8
10 191 (38.51%) Software Engineering
11 189 (38.10%) HTML
12 180 (36.29%) CSS
12 180 (36.29%) TDD
13 170 (34.27%) Web Services
14 164 (33.06%) Maven
15 160 (32.26%) Scrum
16 156 (31.45%) MVC
17 155 (31.25%) Microservices
18 150 (30.24%) Java EE
19 143 (28.83%) Degree
19 143 (28.83%) Jenkins
20 136 (27.42%) JUnit
21 133 (26.81%) Finance
22 131 (26.41%) Oracle
23 118 (23.79%) MySQL
24 110 (22.18%) AngularJS
25 108 (21.77%) RESTful
26 101 (20.36%) XML
27 100 (20.16%) OO
28 99 (19.96%) Continuous Integration

JPA
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 96 (19.35%) JBoss
2 92 (18.55%) Tomcat
3 46 (9.27%) Apache
4 31 (6.25%) Jetty
4 31 (6.25%) WebLogic
5 28 (5.65%) CMS
6 23 (4.64%) Elasticsearch
7 22 (4.44%) WebSphere
8 17 (3.43%) Oracle SOA Suite
9 16 (3.23%) Confluence
9 16 (3.23%) Mule
10 15 (3.02%) Alfresco
10 15 (3.02%) Mule ESB
10 15 (3.02%) WildFly
11 10 (2.02%) Adobe Experience Manager
11 10 (2.02%) GlassFish
12 9 (1.81%) Joomla!
12 9 (1.81%) nginx
13 8 (1.61%) Cloud Foundry
14 5 (1.01%) Liferay
Applications
1 3 (0.60%) Weka
2 1 (0.20%) Mingle
Business Applications
1 2 (0.40%) Oracle Cash Management
1 2 (0.40%) Oracle EBS
2 1 (0.20%) Fredhopper
2 1 (0.20%) Magento
2 1 (0.20%) SAP Hybris
Cloud Services
1 97 (19.56%) Amazon AWS
2 31 (6.25%) SaaS
3 18 (3.63%) Amazon EC2
4 14 (2.82%) IaaS
5 13 (2.62%) Google Cloud Platform
5 13 (2.62%) Serverless
6 10 (2.02%) AWS CloudFormation
7 9 (1.81%) DigitalOcean
7 9 (1.81%) Microsoft Azure
8 8 (1.61%) Amazon SQS
8 8 (1.61%) GitHub
8 8 (1.61%) PaaS
9 6 (1.21%) Cloud Computing
9 6 (1.21%) CloudBees
10 5 (1.01%) Amazon ElastiCache
11 4 (0.81%) AWS Lambda
12 3 (0.60%) Amazon S3
13 2 (0.40%) IBM Cloud
13 2 (0.40%) OpenShift
14 1 (0.20%) npm
Communications & Networking
1 27 (5.44%) Internet
2 12 (2.42%) AMQP
3 3 (0.60%) FTP
3 3 (0.60%) SMS
3 3 (0.60%) SSL
4 2 (0.40%) HTTP
4 2 (0.40%) Intranet
4 2 (0.40%) TCP/IP
5 1 (0.20%) ATM
5 1 (0.20%) VoIP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 118 (23.79%) MySQL
2 99 (19.96%) NoSQL
3 82 (16.53%) Relational Database
4 80 (16.13%) MongoDB
5 63 (12.70%) SQL Server
6 42 (8.47%) PostgreSQL
7 35 (7.06%) Amazon DynamoDB
7 35 (7.06%) Redis
8 34 (6.85%) Apache Cassandra
9 33 (6.65%) RDBMS
10 29 (5.85%) Hadoop
11 24 (4.84%) Couchbase
12 22 (4.44%) Riak
13 18 (3.63%) Oracle Database
14 12 (2.42%) Oracle Reports
15 11 (2.22%) Big Data
16 10 (2.02%) HBase
17 7 (1.41%) Amazon Aurora
17 7 (1.41%) Hazelcast
18 6 (1.21%) DB2
Development Applications
1 235 (47.38%) Git (software)
2 164 (33.06%) Maven
3 143 (28.83%) Jenkins
4 136 (27.42%) JUnit
5 98 (19.76%) Gradle
6 90 (18.15%) Subversion
7 57 (11.49%) JIRA
8 51 (10.28%) Cucumber
9 44 (8.87%) Selenium
10 43 (8.67%) IntelliJ
11 41 (8.27%) Vagrant
12 37 (7.46%) Eclipse
13 25 (5.04%) TeamCity
14 24 (4.84%) Mockito
15 23 (4.64%) Ant
16 15 (3.02%) JMeter
17 12 (2.42%) FitNesse
17 12 (2.42%) Toad
18 10 (2.02%) Atlassian Bamboo
18 10 (2.02%) Oracle APEX
General
1 133 (26.81%) Finance
2 46 (9.27%) Banking
3 25 (5.04%) Games
3 25 (5.04%) Marketing
4 23 (4.64%) Telecoms
5 22 (4.44%) Retail
6 21 (4.23%) Advertising
7 20 (4.03%) Manufacturing
8 17 (3.43%) Automotive
8 17 (3.43%) Electronics
9 11 (2.22%) Law
10 7 (1.41%) Aerospace
11 4 (0.81%) Billing
12 3 (0.60%) Financial Institution
13 2 (0.40%) Investment Banking
13 2 (0.40%) Multimedia
14 1 (0.20%) Legal
Job Titles
1 378 (76.21%) Developer
2 347 (69.96%) Java Developer
3 118 (23.79%) Senior Developer
4 114 (22.98%) Senior Java Developer
5 64 (12.90%) Software Engineer
6 60 (12.10%) Java Engineer
7 49 (9.88%) Java Software Engineer
8 44 (8.87%) Senior Software Engineer
9 35 (7.06%) Senior Java Engineer
10 32 (6.45%) Senior Java Software Engineer
11 31 (6.25%) Architect
12 29 (5.85%) Java Software Developer
13 28 (5.65%) Lead Developer
13 28 (5.65%) Lead Java Developer
14 25 (5.04%) Developer/Software Engineer
15 22 (4.44%) Senior Software Developer
16 19 (3.83%) Senior Java Software Developer
17 17 (3.43%) Software Developer
18 16 (3.23%) Analyst
18 16 (3.23%) J2EE Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 428 (86.29%) Spring
2 354 (71.37%) Hibernate
3 202 (40.73%) REST
4 189 (38.10%) HTML
5 180 (36.29%) CSS
6 170 (34.27%) Web Services
7 150 (30.24%) Java EE
8 110 (22.18%) AngularJS
9 108 (21.77%) RESTful
10 101 (20.36%) XML
11 93 (18.75%) HTML5
12 92 (18.55%) JMS
12 92 (18.55%) Spring Boot
13 88 (17.74%) Spring MVC
14 84 (16.94%) SOAP
15 73 (14.72%) JSF
16 71 (14.31%) J2EE
17 68 (13.71%) jQuery
18 58 (11.69%) JSON
19 57 (11.49%) EJB
Miscellaneous
1 68 (13.71%) Computer Science
2 39 (7.86%) Enterprise Software
3 35 (7.06%) Greenfield Project
4 33 (6.65%) Algorithms
5 31 (6.25%) Data Structures
6 26 (5.24%) Fintech
7 21 (4.23%) RIA
8 18 (3.63%) Self-Motivation
9 15 (3.02%) Analytical Skills
9 15 (3.02%) Online Gambling
10 10 (2.02%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
11 8 (1.61%) User Experience
12 6 (1.21%) Linux Command Line
13 5 (1.01%) Client/Server
14 4 (0.81%) Fixed Income
14 4 (0.81%) Reference Data
15 3 (0.60%) Enterprise Cloud
15 3 (0.60%) Life Science
15 3 (0.60%) Management Information System
15 3 (0.60%) N-Tier
Operating Systems
1 92 (18.55%) Linux
2 29 (5.85%) Android
3 28 (5.65%) Apple iOS
4 15 (3.02%) Unix
5 10 (2.02%) Solaris
6 7 (1.41%) Windows
7 1 (0.20%) AIX
7 1 (0.20%) CentOS
7 1 (0.20%) DC/OS
7 1 (0.20%) Mesosphere
7 1 (0.20%) Ubuntu
Processes & Methodologies
1 290 (58.47%) Agile Software Development
2 191 (38.51%) Software Engineering
3 180 (36.29%) TDD
4 160 (32.26%) Scrum
5 156 (31.45%) MVC
6 155 (31.25%) Microservices
7 100 (20.16%) OO
8 99 (19.96%) Continuous Integration
9 90 (18.15%) Web Development
10 87 (17.54%) BDD
11 72 (14.52%) Multithreading
11 72 (14.52%) Problem-Solving
12 67 (13.51%) Mentoring
13 53 (10.69%) Kanban
14 49 (9.88%) E-Commerce
15 48 (9.68%) Open Source
16 46 (9.27%) Test Automation
17 43 (8.67%) DevOps
18 37 (7.46%) UML
19 36 (7.26%) OOD
Programming Languages
1 493 (99.40%) Java
2 234 (47.18%) JavaScript
3 201 (40.52%) SQL
4 193 (38.91%) Java 8
5 46 (9.27%) PL/SQL
6 39 (7.86%) PHP
7 29 (5.85%) Python
8 14 (2.82%) C++
9 12 (2.42%) Groovy
10 11 (2.22%) Bash Shell
10 11 (2.22%) PowerShell
11 10 (2.02%) XPath
12 6 (1.21%) ES6
12 6 (1.21%) Ruby
12 6 (1.21%) Shell Script
13 4 (0.81%) Go
13 4 (0.81%) TypeScript
14 3 (0.60%) C#
14 3 (0.60%) Scala
14 3 (0.60%) XQuery
Qualifications
1 143 (28.83%) Degree
2 32 (6.45%) Computer Science Degree
3 23 (4.64%) Security Cleared
4 16 (3.23%) Numerate Degree
5 9 (1.81%) DV Cleared
5 9 (1.81%) SC Cleared
6 1 (0.20%) Master's Degree
6 1 (0.20%) Oracle Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 16 (3.23%) QA
2 9 (1.81%) GCP
3 5 (1.01%) GDPR
4 3 (0.60%) DICOM
4 3 (0.60%) ISO 20022
5 2 (0.40%) PMO
6 1 (0.20%) Data Quality
6 1 (0.20%) PCI DSS
6 1 (0.20%) PSD2
System Software
1 68 (13.71%) Docker
2 19 (3.83%) GridGain
3 3 (0.60%) Oracle RAC
4 2 (0.40%) HDFS
4 2 (0.40%) Virtual Machines
5 1 (0.20%) vCloud
Systems Management
1 28 (5.65%) Ansible
2 24 (4.84%) Kubernetes
3 20 (4.03%) Opscode Chef
4 19 (3.83%) Puppet
5 16 (3.23%) Terraform
6 13 (2.62%) Cobbler
7 8 (1.61%) Rancher
8 7 (1.41%) Docker Swarm
9 4 (0.81%) Kibana
10 3 (0.60%) logstash
11 1 (0.20%) Business Desktop Deployment
11 1 (0.20%) Mesos
11 1 (0.20%) MOM
Vendors
1 131 (26.41%) Oracle
2 34 (6.85%) Google
3 24 (4.84%) SAP
4 15 (3.02%) Apple
5 10 (2.02%) Adobe
5 10 (2.02%) hybris
5 10 (2.02%) IBM
5 10 (2.02%) Red Hat
6 9 (1.81%) Rakuten
7 5 (1.01%) Birst
7 5 (1.01%) Microsoft
7 5 (1.01%) TIBCO
8 3 (0.60%) Informatica
8 3 (0.60%) MuleSoft
8 3 (0.60%) Salesforce.com
8 3 (0.60%) WSO2
9 2 (0.40%) Alteryx
9 2 (0.40%) Splunk
9 2 (0.40%) Tableau
9 2 (0.40%) Yahoo!