Period
to 22 October 2017

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for JPA skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited JPA over the 6 months to 22 October 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Java Persistence API (JPA)
UK
6 months to
22 Oct 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 583 657 704
Rank change year-on-year +74 +47 +36
Permanent jobs citing JPA 750 703 692
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.43% 0.37% 0.32%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 1.07% 0.95% 0.84%
Number of salaries quoted 529 599 597
UK median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year - +5.26% +5.56%
10th Percentile £32,500 £30,000 £31,250
90th Percentile £77,500 £81,250 £68,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £45,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +11.11% - +12.50%

JPA is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 70006 73765 82849
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 40.17% 38.89% 37.89%
Number of salaries quoted 57934 63958 70877
UK median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £45,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% -
10th Percentile £29,750 £28,750 £27,500
90th Percentile £77,500 £76,250 £73,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £42,500 £41,500 £40,000
% change year-on-year +2.41% +3.75% -

JPA
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing JPA as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for JPA in the UK

JPA
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing JPA.

Salary trend for JPA in the UK

JPA
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing JPA over the 6 months to 22 October 2017.

Salary histogram for JPA in the UK

JPA
Top 16 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing JPA within the UK over the 6 months to 22 October 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +59 713 £52,500 +5.00% 26
UK excluding London +59 473 £50,000 +11.11% 28
London +33 274 £70,000 +16.67% 1
South West +50 153 £45,000 +12.50% 1
Midlands +53 97 £50,000 +5.26% 3
North of England +9 72 £45,000 - 8
West Midlands +34 64 £53,750 +1.90% 3
South East +31 60 £60,000 +33.33% 6
East of England +17 56 £50,000 - 7
Yorkshire +31 36 £45,000 +12.50% 5
East Midlands +42 33 £50,000 +5.26%
North West -27 33 £47,500 +2.70% 3
Scotland -9 24 £45,000 +3.45% 2
Wales -2 12 £45,000 +20.00% 1
North East +18 3 £42,500 +14.09%
Northern Ireland - 1 £50,000 -

For the 6 months to 22 October 2017, IT jobs citing JPA also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all job ads with a requirement for JPA.

1 745 (99.33%) Java
2 659 (87.87%) Spring
3 542 (72.27%) Hibernate
4 497 (66.27%) Agile Software Development
5 381 (50.80%) REST
6 327 (43.60%) JavaScript
7 322 (42.93%) Web Services
8 313 (41.73%) Finance
9 307 (40.93%) MVC
10 302 (40.27%) TDD
11 289 (38.53%) SOAP
12 278 (37.07%) JUnit
13 264 (35.20%) Scrum
14 255 (34.00%) SQL
15 247 (32.93%) Spring MVC
16 236 (31.47%) Oracle
17 235 (31.33%) XML
18 233 (31.07%) HTML
19 217 (28.93%) J2EE
20 213 (28.40%) Tomcat
21 208 (27.73%) Maven
22 203 (27.07%) Git (software)
23 201 (26.80%) BDD
24 194 (25.87%) AngularJS
25 191 (25.47%) Java EE
26 190 (25.33%) Linux
27 182 (24.27%) MongoDB
28 159 (21.20%) Software Engineering
29 158 (21.07%) NoSQL
30 157 (20.93%) Kanban

JPA
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 213 (28.40%) Tomcat
2 155 (20.67%) JBoss
3 89 (11.87%) Mule
4 71 (9.47%) Apache
4 71 (9.47%) Mule ESB
5 51 (6.80%) WebLogic
6 45 (6.00%) Oracle SOA Suite
7 41 (5.47%) WebSphere
8 39 (5.20%) Jetty
9 33 (4.40%) Confluence
9 33 (4.40%) Elasticsearch
10 13 (1.73%) OpenStack
11 12 (1.60%) Oracle Workflow
12 10 (1.33%) Apache ServiceMix
12 10 (1.33%) Apache Solr
12 10 (1.33%) CMS
12 10 (1.33%) nginx
13 9 (1.20%) Apache Spark
13 9 (1.20%) Oracle Coherence
14 8 (1.07%) GlassFish
Business Applications
1 22 (2.93%) Oracle BPM
2 9 (1.20%) Payment Gateway
3 7 (0.93%) SAP Hybris
3 7 (0.93%) Unica
Cloud Services
1 133 (17.73%) Amazon AWS
2 89 (11.87%) SaaS
3 77 (10.27%) Amazon EC2
4 50 (6.67%) GitHub
5 43 (5.73%) Microsoft Azure
6 10 (1.33%) Cloud Computing
7 7 (0.93%) OpenShift
7 7 (0.93%) Silverpop
8 5 (0.67%) AWS Lambda
9 4 (0.53%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
9 4 (0.53%) Bluemix
9 4 (0.53%) IaaS
9 4 (0.53%) IBM Cloud
9 4 (0.53%) PaaS
10 3 (0.40%) npm
11 2 (0.27%) Amazon SQS
12 1 (0.13%) Amazon ElastiCache
12 1 (0.13%) Amazon ELB
12 1 (0.13%) Google Cloud Platform
12 1 (0.13%) Serverless
Communications & Networking
1 55 (7.33%) LDAP
2 25 (3.33%) Internet
3 21 (2.80%) AMQP
4 16 (2.13%) HTTP
5 7 (0.93%) VoIP
6 6 (0.80%) SNMP
7 3 (0.40%) HTTPS
7 3 (0.40%) TCP/IP
8 2 (0.27%) Intranet
8 2 (0.27%) SMS
9 1 (0.13%) Broadband
9 1 (0.13%) DSL
9 1 (0.13%) FTP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 182 (24.27%) MongoDB
2 158 (21.07%) NoSQL
3 121 (16.13%) Relational Database
4 115 (15.33%) SQL Server
5 101 (13.47%) MySQL
6 76 (10.13%) Amazon DynamoDB
7 68 (9.07%) PostgreSQL
8 60 (8.00%) Oracle Database
9 58 (7.73%) RDBMS
10 50 (6.67%) Apache Cassandra
11 49 (6.53%) Redis
12 34 (4.53%) Hadoop
13 26 (3.47%) Oracle Database 12c
14 23 (3.07%) Oracle Database 11g
15 22 (2.93%) Couchbase
16 21 (2.80%) Hazelcast
16 21 (2.80%) Riak
17 20 (2.67%) DB2
17 20 (2.67%) Oracle Database 10g
18 12 (1.60%) Big Data
Development Applications
1 278 (37.07%) JUnit
2 208 (27.73%) Maven
3 203 (27.07%) Git (software)
4 154 (20.53%) Subversion
5 139 (18.53%) Jenkins
6 136 (18.13%) JIRA
7 105 (14.00%) IntelliJ
8 59 (7.87%) Selenium
9 57 (7.60%) Cucumber
10 44 (5.87%) Mockito
11 42 (5.60%) Eclipse
11 42 (5.60%) Gradle
12 30 (4.00%) TestNG
13 28 (3.73%) Protractor
13 28 (3.73%) SoapUI
14 24 (3.20%) TeamCity
15 22 (2.93%) Ant
16 19 (2.53%) Vagrant
17 17 (2.27%) Atlassian Bamboo
18 14 (1.87%) FitNesse
General
1 313 (41.73%) Finance
2 121 (16.13%) Banking
3 101 (13.47%) Marketing
4 93 (12.40%) Telecoms
5 89 (11.87%) Electronics
6 84 (11.20%) Manufacturing
7 75 (10.00%) Retail
8 69 (9.20%) Investment Banking
9 51 (6.80%) Retail Banking
10 18 (2.40%) Games
11 13 (1.73%) Advertising
12 11 (1.47%) Law
13 10 (1.33%) Back Office
13 10 (1.33%) Billing
14 8 (1.07%) Legal
15 6 (0.80%) Automotive
15 6 (0.80%) Front Office
15 6 (0.80%) Publishing
16 5 (0.67%) Financial Institution
17 4 (0.53%) Aerospace
Job Titles
1 556 (74.13%) Developer
2 536 (71.47%) Java Developer
3 188 (25.07%) Senior Developer
4 183 (24.40%) Senior Java Developer
5 88 (11.73%) Java Engineer
6 72 (9.60%) Software Engineer
7 68 (9.07%) Java Software Engineer
8 60 (8.00%) Agile Developer
8 60 (8.00%) Agile Java Developer
8 60 (8.00%) Java Software Developer
9 41 (5.47%) Software Developer
10 36 (4.80%) Full Stack Developer
11 34 (4.53%) Senior Agile Developer
11 34 (4.53%) Senior Agile Java Developer
12 33 (4.40%) Architect
13 32 (4.27%) Senior Java Engineer
14 23 (3.07%) Developer/Software Engineer
14 23 (3.07%) Java Architect
15 22 (2.93%) Core Java Developer
15 22 (2.93%) JavaScript Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 659 (87.87%) Spring
2 542 (72.27%) Hibernate
3 381 (50.80%) REST
4 322 (42.93%) Web Services
5 289 (38.53%) SOAP
6 247 (32.93%) Spring MVC
7 235 (31.33%) XML
8 233 (31.07%) HTML
9 217 (28.93%) J2EE
10 194 (25.87%) AngularJS
11 191 (25.47%) Java EE
12 144 (19.20%) CSS
13 141 (18.80%) JMS
14 136 (18.13%) Spring Boot
15 131 (17.47%) JSON
16 126 (16.80%) HTML5
17 111 (14.80%) Apache Camel
18 103 (13.73%) RESTful
19 97 (12.93%) Spring Integration
20 91 (12.13%) EJB
Miscellaneous
1 60 (8.00%) Computer Science
2 57 (7.60%) User Experience
3 32 (4.27%) Enterprise Software
4 30 (4.00%) Fintech
4 30 (4.00%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
5 25 (3.33%) Greenfield Project
6 20 (2.67%) Algorithms
7 14 (1.87%) Online Games
8 12 (1.60%) Analytical Skills
9 10 (1.33%) Credit Risk
9 10 (1.33%) Data Structures
10 9 (1.20%) Mobile App
11 6 (0.80%) Equities
11 6 (0.80%) RIA
12 5 (0.67%) Bitcoin
13 4 (0.53%) NHS
14 3 (0.40%) iPad
14 3 (0.40%) Virtual Team
15 2 (0.27%) Private Cloud
15 2 (0.27%) SWIFT
Operating Systems
1 190 (25.33%) Linux
2 110 (14.67%) Unix
3 28 (3.73%) Windows
4 12 (1.60%) Android
4 12 (1.60%) Apple iOS
5 7 (0.93%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 1 (0.13%) Mac OS X
6 1 (0.13%) Windows Server
Processes & Methodologies
1 497 (66.27%) Agile Software Development
2 307 (40.93%) MVC
3 302 (40.27%) TDD
4 264 (35.20%) Scrum
5 201 (26.80%) BDD
6 159 (21.20%) Software Engineering
7 157 (20.93%) Kanban
8 153 (20.40%) Continuous Integration
9 142 (18.93%) SDLC
10 119 (15.87%) Integration Testing
11 117 (15.60%) Microservices
12 94 (12.53%) Business Intelligence
13 93 (12.40%) Test Automation
14 85 (11.33%) SOA
15 84 (11.20%) Digital Marketing
15 84 (11.20%) OO
15 84 (11.20%) Programme Management
16 82 (10.93%) Open Source
17 65 (8.67%) Mentoring
18 64 (8.53%) Continuous Improvement
Programming Languages
1 745 (99.33%) Java
2 327 (43.60%) JavaScript
3 255 (34.00%) SQL
4 90 (12.00%) PL/SQL
5 60 (8.00%) Shell Script
6 47 (6.27%) Python
7 29 (3.87%) PHP
8 27 (3.60%) Groovy
9 26 (3.47%) Bash Shell
9 26 (3.47%) Scala
10 23 (3.07%) C++
11 19 (2.53%) Ruby
11 19 (2.53%) XPath
12 16 (2.13%) C#
13 15 (2.00%) C
14 7 (0.93%) Go
14 7 (0.93%) VC++
15 5 (0.67%) T-SQL
16 3 (0.40%) ECMAScript
16 3 (0.40%) ES6
Qualifications
1 80 (10.67%) Degree
2 40 (5.33%) Computer Science Degree
3 19 (2.53%) Security Cleared
4 8 (1.07%) SC Cleared
5 7 (0.93%) OCP
5 7 (0.93%) Oracle Certification
6 5 (0.67%) HND
7 2 (0.27%) PhD
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 99 (13.20%) QA
2 15 (2.00%) SLA
System Software
1 74 (9.87%) Docker
2 50 (6.67%) Active Directory
3 5 (0.67%) HDFS
4 2 (0.27%) Apache ZooKeeper
Systems Management
1 43 (5.73%) Ansible
2 39 (5.20%) Puppet
3 37 (4.93%) Opscode Chef
4 14 (1.87%) Cobbler
5 13 (1.73%) Kubernetes
6 7 (0.93%) Terraform
7 5 (0.67%) Hadoop YARN
8 2 (0.27%) BladeLogic
8 2 (0.27%) Business Desktop Deployment
8 2 (0.27%) Control-M
8 2 (0.27%) HP Quality Center
8 2 (0.27%) MOM
9 1 (0.13%) Marathon
Vendors
1 236 (31.47%) Oracle
2 99 (13.20%) SAP
3 71 (9.47%) Apple
4 55 (7.33%) IBM
5 23 (3.07%) Splunk
6 22 (2.93%) TIBCO
7 15 (2.00%) Google
8 14 (1.87%) Perforce
9 13 (1.73%) AppDynamics
9 13 (1.73%) Atlassian
10 9 (1.20%) Microsoft
11 8 (1.07%) HP
11 8 (1.07%) Informatica
11 8 (1.07%) Red Hat
12 7 (0.93%) hybris
12 7 (0.93%) Pega
13 5 (0.67%) Sybase
14 4 (0.53%) BEA
14 4 (0.53%) ILOG
15 3 (0.40%) Altova