Period
to 21 September 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for JPA skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited JPA over the 6 months to 21 September 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Java Persistence API (JPA)
UK
6 months to
21 Sep 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 756 723 607
Rank change year-on-year -33 -116 +99
Permanent jobs citing JPA 343 493 718
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.24% 0.29% 0.41%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 0.65% 0.74% 1.01%
Number of salaries quoted 268 374 493
UK median annual salary £55,000 £57,500 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year -4.35% +15.00% -
10th Percentile £36,425 £37,150 £32,500
90th Percentile £82,500 £82,125 £77,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £50,000

JPA is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 52,427 67,024 71,085
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 37.37% 40.02% 40.23%
Number of salaries quoted 42,957 55,561 58,810
UK median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £48,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.00% +4.17% +1.05%
10th Percentile £32,323 £31,250 £29,000
90th Percentile £87,500 £82,500 £77,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £45,000 £42,500
% change year-on-year - +5.88% +2.41%

JPA
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing JPA as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for JPA in the UK

JPA
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing JPA.

Salary trend for JPA in the UK

JPA
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing JPA over the 6 months to 21 September 2019.

Salary histogram for JPA in the UK

JPA
Top 15 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing JPA within the UK over the 6 months to 21 September 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -56 280 £55,000 -4.35% 55
UK excluding London +12 211 £50,000 - 36
London -6 126 £70,000 +21.74% 23
South West -13 52 £52,500 +16.67% 8
South East +7 43 £55,000 -12.00% 8
Midlands +35 38 £45,000 -10.00% 6
Scotland +32 38 £42,500 -15.00% 3
East Midlands +21 20 £41,000 -3.53% 2
Wales +17 17 £45,000 +9.09% 2
West Midlands +36 15 £51,500 +3.00% 4
East of England +48 12 £52,500 +31.25% 3
North of England +13 9 £72,500 +72.11% 7
Yorkshire -9 8 £72,500 +95.95% 2
Northern Ireland - 2 £52,500 - 1
North East +24 1 - - 4

For the 6 months to 21 September 2019, IT jobs citing JPA also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for JPA.

1 343 (100.00%) Java
2 301 (87.76%) Spring
3 218 (63.56%) Hibernate
4 210 (61.22%) Agile Software Development
5 170 (49.56%) JavaScript
6 160 (46.65%) Maven
7 158 (46.06%) Git (software)
8 134 (39.07%) Jenkins
9 132 (38.48%) JUnit
10 131 (38.19%) Spring Boot
11 123 (35.86%) REST
11 123 (35.86%) HTML
12 115 (33.53%) Continuous Integration
13 112 (32.65%) Microservices
14 110 (32.07%) SQL
15 107 (31.20%) Java EE
16 104 (30.32%) CSS
16 104 (30.32%) Scrum
17 103 (30.03%) Tomcat
18 99 (28.86%) TDD
19 89 (25.95%) JIRA
19 89 (25.95%) Cucumber
19 89 (25.95%) Java 8
20 87 (25.36%) RESTful
21 85 (24.78%) Software Engineering
22 82 (23.91%) Web Services
23 79 (23.03%) XML
24 78 (22.74%) MySQL
24 78 (22.74%) Subversion
25 77 (22.45%) AWS

JPA
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 103 (30.03%) Tomcat
2 59 (17.20%) Apache
3 41 (11.95%) Confluence
4 25 (7.29%) JBoss
5 21 (6.12%) Elasticsearch
5 21 (6.12%) GeoServer
6 17 (4.96%) Apache Solr
6 17 (4.96%) Apache Spark
7 15 (4.37%) WebSphere
8 14 (4.08%) Adobe Experience Manager
9 12 (3.50%) CMS
10 10 (2.92%) CoreMedia CMS
11 8 (2.33%) Apache Pig
12 7 (2.04%) Jetty
12 7 (2.04%) WebLogic
13 6 (1.75%) GlassFish
13 6 (1.75%) Mule
14 5 (1.46%) Mule ESB
15 4 (1.17%) Magnolia
15 4 (1.17%) WildFly
Applications
1 6 (1.75%) MS Visio
2 3 (0.87%) Adobe Premiere
Business Applications
1 10 (2.92%) Magento
1 10 (2.92%) SAP Hybris
2 6 (1.75%) Fredhopper
3 4 (1.17%) SDL Web 8
Cloud Services
1 77 (22.45%) AWS
2 35 (10.20%) Azure
3 33 (9.62%) GCP
4 23 (6.71%) SaaS
5 15 (4.37%) Serverless
6 14 (4.08%) Amazon EC2
7 13 (3.79%) Cloud Computing
8 11 (3.21%) PaaS
9 9 (2.62%) IaaS
10 8 (2.33%) Amazon ECS
10 8 (2.33%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
10 8 (2.33%) GitHub
11 6 (1.75%) Algolia
11 6 (1.75%) AWS CloudFormation
11 6 (1.75%) OpenShift
12 5 (1.46%) Amazon S3
12 5 (1.46%) Amazon SQS
12 5 (1.46%) Apple Pay
12 5 (1.46%) CloudFront
12 5 (1.46%) Google Pay
Communications & Networking
1 18 (5.25%) TCP/IP
2 15 (4.37%) Internet
3 5 (1.46%) AMQP
3 5 (1.46%) HTTPS
4 2 (0.58%) Kerberos
5 1 (0.29%) HTTP
5 1 (0.29%) SSH
Database & Business Intelligence
1 78 (22.74%) MySQL
2 73 (21.28%) PostgreSQL
3 62 (18.08%) NoSQL
4 60 (17.49%) SQL Server
5 43 (12.54%) MongoDB
6 30 (8.75%) Relational Database
7 21 (6.12%) GIS
8 15 (4.37%) Amazon DynamoDB
8 15 (4.37%) Redis
9 12 (3.50%) Hadoop
10 10 (2.92%) Big Data
10 10 (2.92%) Hazelcast
11 8 (2.33%) DB2
11 8 (2.33%) HBase
12 6 (1.75%) JasperReports
12 6 (1.75%) MariaDB
13 5 (1.46%) Amazon RDS
13 5 (1.46%) Apache Cassandra
13 5 (1.46%) RDBMS
14 4 (1.17%) Couchbase
Development Applications
1 160 (46.65%) Maven
2 158 (46.06%) Git (software)
3 134 (39.07%) Jenkins
4 132 (38.48%) JUnit
5 89 (25.95%) Cucumber
5 89 (25.95%) JIRA
6 78 (22.74%) Subversion
7 64 (18.66%) Mockito
8 46 (13.41%) Bitbucket
8 46 (13.41%) JMeter
9 35 (10.20%) Gradle
10 33 (9.62%) IntelliJ
11 30 (8.75%) Eclipse
12 23 (6.71%) Selenium
13 22 (6.41%) Ant
14 17 (4.96%) git-flow
14 17 (4.96%) TeamCity
15 13 (3.79%) GitLab
16 12 (3.50%) Liquibase
17 11 (3.21%) Karma Test Runner
General
1 60 (17.49%) Finance
2 41 (11.95%) Back Office
3 31 (9.04%) Retail
4 30 (8.75%) Public Sector
5 29 (8.45%) Manufacturing
6 22 (6.41%) Marketing
7 20 (5.83%) Banking
7 20 (5.83%) Telecoms
8 17 (4.96%) Electronics
9 9 (2.62%) Games
10 3 (0.87%) Advertising
10 3 (0.87%) Law
11 2 (0.58%) Legal
12 1 (0.29%) Aerospace
12 1 (0.29%) Automotive
12 1 (0.29%) Multimedia
Job Titles
1 271 (79.01%) Developer
2 254 (74.05%) Java Developer
3 88 (25.66%) Senior Developer
4 83 (24.20%) Senior Java Developer
5 34 (9.91%) Java Engineer
6 30 (8.75%) Software Engineer
7 24 (7.00%) Senior Java Engineer
8 21 (6.12%) Java Software Engineer
9 20 (5.83%) Technical Leader
10 19 (5.54%) Senior Software Engineer
11 18 (5.25%) Full Stack Developer
12 16 (4.66%) Lead Developer
13 14 (4.08%) Senior Java Software Engineer
14 13 (3.79%) Lead Java Developer
15 9 (2.62%) Angular Developer
15 9 (2.62%) Architect
15 9 (2.62%) E-Commerce Developer
15 9 (2.62%) Java E-Commerce Developer
16 7 (2.04%) J2EE Developer
16 7 (2.04%) Java/J2EE Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 301 (87.76%) Spring
2 218 (63.56%) Hibernate
3 131 (38.19%) Spring Boot
4 123 (35.86%) HTML
4 123 (35.86%) REST
5 107 (31.20%) Java EE
6 104 (30.32%) CSS
7 87 (25.36%) RESTful
8 82 (23.91%) Web Services
9 79 (23.03%) XML
10 74 (21.57%) JSON
11 72 (20.99%) AngularJS
11 72 (20.99%) JMS
12 63 (18.37%) JDBC
13 59 (17.20%) jQuery
14 58 (16.91%) SOAP
15 55 (16.03%) JSP
16 54 (15.74%) J2EE
17 51 (14.87%) Struts
18 45 (13.12%) Apache Camel
Miscellaneous
1 21 (6.12%) User Experience
2 20 (5.83%) Enterprise Software
3 11 (3.21%) RIA
4 9 (2.62%) Analytical Skills
5 6 (1.75%) Greenfield Project
5 6 (1.75%) Self-Motivation
6 5 (1.46%) Algorithms
6 5 (1.46%) Linux Command Line
7 4 (1.17%) Data Structures
7 4 (1.17%) Online Gambling
8 3 (0.87%) Cloud Native
8 3 (0.87%) Life Science
8 3 (0.87%) Management Information System
8 3 (0.87%) Online Games
9 2 (0.58%) Credit Risk
9 2 (0.58%) Data Centre
9 2 (0.58%) Mobile App
9 2 (0.58%) Public Cloud
9 2 (0.58%) Virtual Team
10 1 (0.29%) Smart Meter
Operating Systems
1 46 (13.41%) Linux
2 25 (7.29%) Android
3 19 (5.54%) Apple iOS
4 17 (4.96%) Unix
5 8 (2.33%) Windows
6 6 (1.75%) Windows 7
6 6 (1.75%) Windows 8
7 2 (0.58%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 210 (61.22%) Agile Software Development
2 115 (33.53%) Continuous Integration
3 112 (32.65%) Microservices
4 104 (30.32%) Scrum
5 99 (28.86%) TDD
6 85 (24.78%) Software Engineering
7 72 (20.99%) OO
8 69 (20.12%) BDD
9 45 (13.12%) MVC
10 44 (12.83%) Continuous Delivery
11 43 (12.54%) Web Development
12 34 (9.91%) Problem-Solving
13 33 (9.62%) Computer Science
14 30 (8.75%) DevOps
14 30 (8.75%) SDLC
15 29 (8.45%) Test Automation
16 28 (8.16%) Integration Testing
16 28 (8.16%) Mentoring
17 26 (7.58%) Inversion of Control
17 26 (7.58%) Unit Testing
Programming Languages
1 343 (100.00%) Java
2 170 (49.56%) JavaScript
3 110 (32.07%) SQL
4 89 (25.95%) Java 8
5 16 (4.66%) Python
5 16 (4.66%) TypeScript
6 12 (3.50%) C#
6 12 (3.50%) C++
6 12 (3.50%) Groovy
6 12 (3.50%) T-SQL
7 11 (3.21%) Scala
8 6 (1.75%) Apple Swift
8 6 (1.75%) Objective-C
9 5 (1.46%) Clojure
10 2 (0.58%) Apex Code
10 2 (0.58%) PL/SQL
10 2 (0.58%) XPath
11 1 (0.29%) C
11 1 (0.29%) Go
11 1 (0.29%) Shell Script
Qualifications
1 39 (11.37%) Degree
2 23 (6.71%) Computer Science Degree
3 18 (5.25%) Security Cleared
4 2 (0.58%) Master's Degree
4 2 (0.58%) SC Cleared
5 1 (0.29%) AWS Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 13 (3.79%) QA
2 2 (0.58%) EMIR
2 2 (0.58%) MiFID
System Software
1 77 (22.45%) Docker
2 8 (2.33%) HDFS
3 2 (0.58%) vCloud
4 1 (0.29%) Firmware
Systems Management
1 22 (6.41%) Kubernetes
2 10 (2.92%) Docker Swarm
3 8 (2.33%) Hadoop YARN
4 6 (1.75%) Kibana
4 6 (1.75%) logstash
5 5 (1.46%) Rancher
6 3 (0.87%) Ansible
6 3 (0.87%) Opscode Chef
6 3 (0.87%) Puppet
7 2 (0.58%) Istio
7 2 (0.58%) Terraform
Vendors
1 43 (12.54%) Oracle
2 41 (11.95%) SAP
3 21 (6.12%) Atlassian
4 16 (4.66%) Google
4 16 (4.66%) Salesforce.com
5 14 (4.08%) Adobe
6 10 (2.92%) Elastic Path
6 10 (2.92%) hybris
6 10 (2.92%) IBM
7 6 (1.75%) Red Hat
8 5 (1.46%) Apple
9 4 (1.17%) Sitecore
9 4 (1.17%) Twitter
10 2 (0.58%) Cypress Semiconductor
10 2 (0.58%) DevExpress
10 2 (0.58%) VMware
11 1 (0.29%) Axway
11 1 (0.29%) Informatica
11 1 (0.29%) MEDITECH
11 1 (0.29%) TIBCO