Period
to 16 January 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for JPA skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited JPA over the 6 months to 16 January 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Java Persistence API (JPA)
UK
6 months to
16 Jan 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 722 653 634
Rank change year-on-year -69 -19 +40
Permanent jobs citing JPA 408 616 681
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.27% 0.36% 0.39%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 0.68% 0.88% 0.98%
Number of salaries quoted 274 454 592
UK median annual salary £52,500 £52,500 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year - +5.00% +6.38%
10th Percentile £35,000 £33,750 £32,500
90th Percentile £82,500 £77,500 £81,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £47,500 £50,000 £47,500
% change year-on-year -5.00% +5.26% +5.56%

JPA is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 59,892 70,032 69,350
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 39.64% 40.38% 39.30%
Number of salaries quoted 49,032 58,704 59,948
UK median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% +5.56%
10th Percentile £31,250 £30,000 £28,750
90th Percentile £85,000 £77,500 £77,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £42,500 £42,500
% change year-on-year +5.88% - +6.25%

JPA
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing JPA as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for JPA in the UK

JPA
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing JPA.

Salary trend for JPA in the UK

JPA
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing JPA over the 6 months to 16 January 2019.

Salary histogram for JPA in the UK

JPA
Top 16 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing JPA within the UK over the 6 months to 16 January 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -96 350 £52,500 - 56
UK excluding London -72 264 £47,500 -5.00% 49
London -1 140 £63,750 -8.93% 20
South West -28 65 £50,000 +11.11% 4
Midlands -4 50 £41,750 -16.50% 7
South East +16 42 £55,000 -15.38% 15
East Midlands +34 41 £41,000 -12.30% 4
Scotland +9 41 £50,000 +5.26% 9
North of England -4 27 £45,000 -10.00% 7
East of England -11 26 £68,750 +37.50% 3
North East - 15 £45,000 - 2
Wales +18 11 £36,750 -8.13% 4
West Midlands +2 8 £57,500 +6.98% 3
Yorkshire -2 7 £45,000 - 2
North West +8 5 £45,000 -10.00% 3
Northern Ireland -5 5 - -

For the 6 months to 16 January 2019, IT jobs citing JPA also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for JPA.

1 406 (99.51%) Java
2 337 (82.60%) Spring
3 296 (72.55%) Hibernate
4 275 (67.40%) Agile Software Development
5 220 (53.92%) JavaScript
6 209 (51.23%) HTML
7 193 (47.30%) Git (software)
8 167 (40.93%) CSS
9 166 (40.69%) Maven
10 161 (39.46%) SQL
11 156 (38.24%) REST
12 155 (37.99%) Microservices
13 150 (36.76%) Web Services
14 136 (33.33%) MVC
15 133 (32.60%) Oracle
16 132 (32.35%) Scrum
17 130 (31.86%) Spring Boot
18 128 (31.37%) TDD
19 121 (29.66%) JUnit
20 119 (29.17%) Degree
21 114 (27.94%) Jenkins
21 114 (27.94%) Java 8
22 109 (26.72%) Software Engineering
23 106 (25.98%) Finance
24 104 (25.49%) Linux
24 104 (25.49%) RESTful
25 101 (24.75%) AngularJS
26 98 (24.02%) Subversion
26 98 (24.02%) Java EE
27 97 (23.77%) MySQL

JPA
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 93 (22.79%) Tomcat
2 66 (16.18%) JBoss
3 44 (10.78%) Apache
4 43 (10.54%) WebSphere
5 29 (7.11%) WebLogic
6 24 (5.88%) Apache Spark
6 24 (5.88%) CMS
6 24 (5.88%) Elasticsearch
7 21 (5.15%) Confluence
8 20 (4.90%) Apache Solr
9 17 (4.17%) WildFly
10 14 (3.43%) Jetty
11 13 (3.19%) Apache Geronimo
11 13 (3.19%) GlassFish
11 13 (3.19%) WebSphere Application Server
12 12 (2.94%) Apache Pig
13 8 (1.96%) Adobe Experience Manager
13 8 (1.96%) Oracle SOA Suite
14 5 (1.23%) Alfresco
15 4 (0.98%) GeoServer
Applications
1 12 (2.94%) Weka
Business Applications
1 1 (0.25%) Oracle Cash Management
Cloud Services
1 75 (18.38%) Amazon AWS
2 29 (7.11%) SaaS
3 14 (3.43%) Microsoft Azure
4 13 (3.19%) AWS CloudFormation
4 13 (3.19%) IaaS
5 12 (2.94%) Serverless
6 10 (2.45%) Google Cloud Platform
7 9 (2.21%) DigitalOcean
8 8 (1.96%) GitHub
9 6 (1.47%) Amazon EC2
9 6 (1.47%) PaaS
10 3 (0.74%) Amazon SQS
10 3 (0.74%) Apple Pay
10 3 (0.74%) Google Pay
11 2 (0.49%) Amazon S3
11 2 (0.49%) AWS OpsWorks
11 2 (0.49%) Cloud Computing
11 2 (0.49%) CloudBees
11 2 (0.49%) Route 53
11 2 (0.49%) Virtual Private Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 21 (5.15%) Internet
2 6 (1.47%) SSL
3 4 (0.98%) AMQP
4 2 (0.49%) TCP/IP
5 1 (0.25%) VoIP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 97 (23.77%) MySQL
2 94 (23.04%) Relational Database
3 81 (19.85%) NoSQL
4 57 (13.97%) PostgreSQL
5 51 (12.50%) MongoDB
6 43 (10.54%) RDBMS
7 39 (9.56%) SQL Server
8 28 (6.86%) Hadoop
9 25 (6.13%) Oracle Database
10 24 (5.88%) Redis
11 20 (4.90%) Big Data
12 18 (4.41%) Neo4j
13 17 (4.17%) Couchbase
14 14 (3.43%) Apache Cassandra
15 13 (3.19%) Riak
16 12 (2.94%) Apache Hive
16 12 (2.94%) CouchDB
16 12 (2.94%) HBase
16 12 (2.94%) Mahout
16 12 (2.94%) Sqoop
Development Applications
1 193 (47.30%) Git (software)
2 166 (40.69%) Maven
3 121 (29.66%) JUnit
4 114 (27.94%) Jenkins
5 98 (24.02%) Subversion
6 78 (19.12%) Gradle
7 64 (15.69%) Eclipse
8 50 (12.25%) Cucumber
9 47 (11.52%) Ant
10 43 (10.54%) JIRA
11 28 (6.86%) Mockito
12 22 (5.39%) JMeter
13 21 (5.15%) IntelliJ
14 20 (4.90%) Bitbucket
14 20 (4.90%) Selenium
15 16 (3.92%) TeamCity
16 13 (3.19%) GitLab
17 11 (2.70%) Android Studio
18 8 (1.96%) NetBeans
18 8 (1.96%) Oracle Forms
General
1 106 (25.98%) Finance
2 37 (9.07%) Banking
3 12 (2.94%) Games
4 10 (2.45%) Back Office
5 9 (2.21%) Law
6 7 (1.72%) Retail
7 6 (1.47%) Automotive
8 4 (0.98%) Advertising
8 4 (0.98%) Marketing
9 3 (0.74%) Telecoms
10 2 (0.49%) Aerospace
11 1 (0.25%) Billing
11 1 (0.25%) Electronics
11 1 (0.25%) Financial Institution
11 1 (0.25%) Investment Banking
11 1 (0.25%) Manufacturing
11 1 (0.25%) Pharmaceutical
11 1 (0.25%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 303 (74.26%) Developer
2 286 (70.10%) Java Developer
3 84 (20.59%) Senior Developer
4 77 (18.87%) Senior Java Developer
5 47 (11.52%) Software Engineer
6 39 (9.56%) Java Engineer
7 34 (8.33%) Java Software Engineer
8 29 (7.11%) Lead Developer
8 29 (7.11%) Lead Java Developer
9 24 (5.88%) Senior Software Engineer
10 22 (5.39%) Architect
11 21 (5.15%) Senior Java Engineer
12 20 (4.90%) Senior Java Software Engineer
13 17 (4.17%) Analyst
13 17 (4.17%) Applications Support
13 17 (4.17%) Applications Support Analyst
13 17 (4.17%) Graduate
13 17 (4.17%) Graduate Developer
13 17 (4.17%) Support Analyst
14 16 (3.92%) Java Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 337 (82.60%) Spring
2 296 (72.55%) Hibernate
3 209 (51.23%) HTML
4 167 (40.93%) CSS
5 156 (38.24%) REST
6 150 (36.76%) Web Services
7 130 (31.86%) Spring Boot
8 104 (25.49%) RESTful
9 101 (24.75%) AngularJS
10 98 (24.02%) Java EE
11 92 (22.55%) SOAP
12 86 (21.08%) HTML5
13 83 (20.34%) XML
14 81 (19.85%) jQuery
15 78 (19.12%) Spring MVC
16 76 (18.63%) JMS
17 69 (16.91%) JSON
18 60 (14.71%) JSP
19 56 (13.73%) Servlets
20 45 (11.03%) JDBC
Miscellaneous
1 30 (7.35%) Analytical Skills
1 30 (7.35%) Enterprise Software
2 28 (6.86%) Greenfield Project
3 27 (6.62%) Self-Motivation
4 21 (5.15%) Fintech
4 21 (5.15%) RIA
5 20 (4.90%) Algorithms
5 20 (4.90%) User Experience
6 15 (3.68%) Data Structures
7 10 (2.45%) Management Information System
8 9 (2.21%) SWIFT
9 7 (1.72%) Online Gambling
10 4 (0.98%) Animation
10 4 (0.98%) Linked Data
10 4 (0.98%) Virtual Team
11 3 (0.74%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
12 2 (0.49%) Enterprise Cloud
13 1 (0.25%) Digital Media
13 1 (0.25%) Digital TV
13 1 (0.25%) Mobile App
Operating Systems
1 104 (25.49%) Linux
2 41 (10.05%) Android
2 41 (10.05%) Apple iOS
3 37 (9.07%) Unix
4 21 (5.15%) Solaris
5 14 (3.43%) Ubuntu
6 12 (2.94%) CentOS
7 10 (2.45%) Windows
8 8 (1.96%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 8 (1.96%) Windows Server
9 2 (0.49%) Debian
9 2 (0.49%) VMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 275 (67.40%) Agile Software Development
2 155 (37.99%) Microservices
3 136 (33.33%) MVC
4 132 (32.35%) Scrum
5 128 (31.37%) TDD
6 109 (26.72%) Software Engineering
7 94 (23.04%) Continuous Integration
8 88 (21.57%) OO
9 84 (20.59%) Web Development
10 65 (15.93%) Problem-Solving
11 63 (15.44%) Computer Science
12 56 (13.73%) BDD
13 46 (11.27%) Open Source
14 43 (10.54%) Multithreading
14 43 (10.54%) UML
15 41 (10.05%) Android Development
15 41 (10.05%) iOS Development
16 35 (8.58%) Unit Testing
17 31 (7.60%) Mentoring
17 31 (7.60%) Mobile Development
Programming Languages
1 406 (99.51%) Java
2 220 (53.92%) JavaScript
3 161 (39.46%) SQL
4 114 (27.94%) Java 8
5 57 (13.97%) PL/SQL
6 37 (9.07%) Python
7 22 (5.39%) TypeScript
8 20 (4.90%) T-SQL
9 19 (4.66%) C++
10 17 (4.17%) Ruby
11 14 (3.43%) Go
12 12 (2.94%) PHP
12 12 (2.94%) R
13 10 (2.45%) Groovy
14 9 (2.21%) PowerShell
15 7 (1.72%) Scala
15 7 (1.72%) Shell Script
16 6 (1.47%) C#
16 6 (1.47%) Clojure
17 5 (1.23%) Perl
Qualifications
1 119 (29.17%) Degree
2 35 (8.58%) Computer Science Degree
3 27 (6.62%) Security Cleared
4 8 (1.96%) SC Cleared
5 7 (1.72%) DBS Check
6 5 (1.23%) Numerate Degree
7 3 (0.74%) DV Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 33 (8.09%) QA
2 3 (0.74%) PCI DSS
2 3 (0.74%) SLA
3 2 (0.49%) DICOM
3 2 (0.49%) GDPR
4 1 (0.25%) PSD2
4 1 (0.25%) SEPA
System Software
1 80 (19.61%) Docker
2 20 (4.90%) HDFS
3 6 (1.47%) Oracle RAC
4 1 (0.25%) GridGain
4 1 (0.25%) vCloud
4 1 (0.25%) VMware Infrastructure
4 1 (0.25%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 30 (7.35%) Kubernetes
2 17 (4.17%) Terraform
3 15 (3.68%) Ansible
4 8 (1.96%) Control-M
4 8 (1.96%) Hadoop YARN
5 3 (0.74%) Docker Swarm
5 3 (0.74%) Rancher
6 2 (0.49%) Opscode Chef
6 2 (0.49%) Puppet
7 1 (0.25%) Kibana
7 1 (0.25%) logstash
Vendors
1 133 (32.60%) Oracle
2 27 (6.62%) Red Hat
3 21 (5.15%) Rakuten
4 17 (4.17%) Google
5 12 (2.94%) Alteryx
5 12 (2.94%) Tableau
6 8 (1.96%) Adobe
6 8 (1.96%) AppDynamics
6 8 (1.96%) Bloomberg
6 8 (1.96%) Reuters
7 7 (1.72%) Twitter
8 6 (1.47%) IBM
9 5 (1.23%) SAP
10 3 (0.74%) hybris
11 2 (0.49%) Facebook
11 2 (0.49%) Peoplefluent
11 2 (0.49%) TIBCO
11 2 (0.49%) VMware
11 2 (0.49%) WSO2
12 1 (0.25%) Axway