Period
to 27 January 2022

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for JPA skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited JPA over the 6 months to 27 January 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Java Persistence API (JPA)
UK
6 months to
27 Jan 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 894 617 737
Rank change year-on-year -277 +120 +20
Permanent jobs citing JPA 201 170 308
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 0.15% 0.26% 0.25%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 0.40% 0.62% 0.64%
Number of salaries quoted 130 145 250
10th Percentile £42,500 £43,750 £40,000
25th Percentile £50,000 £47,500 £47,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £65,000 £60,000 £55,000
Median % change year-on-year +8.33% +9.09% +4.76%
75th Percentile £78,750 £73,750 £77,500
90th Percentile £100,000 £80,000 £87,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £57,500 £56,250 £55,000
% change year-on-year +2.22% +2.27% +15.79%

JPA is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 49,751 27,345 47,807
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 38.15% 42.27% 38.28%
Number of salaries quoted 30,792 23,461 39,552
10th Percentile £37,500 £35,000 £32,500
25th Percentile £46,250 £42,500 £40,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £62,500 £55,000 £55,000
Median % change year-on-year +13.64% - +4.76%
75th Percentile £81,250 £73,750 £72,500
90th Percentile £97,500 £90,000 £90,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £55,000 £50,000 £46,000
% change year-on-year +10.00% +8.70% +2.22%

JPA
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing JPA as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for JPA in the UK

JPA
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing JPA.

Salary trend for JPA in the UK

JPA
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing JPA over the 6 months to 27 January 2022.

Salary histogram for JPA in the UK

JPA
Top 15 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing JPA within the UK over the 6 months to 27 January 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
England -219 171 £72,500 +26.09% 31
London -158 112 £75,000 +15.38% 23
UK excluding London -230 70 £57,500 +2.22% 18
North of England -101 29 £56,250 +18.42% 2
Work from Home -230 26 £60,000 +20.00% 6
North West -88 18 £60,000 -20.00% 2
South East -119 18 £76,250 +17.31% 2
North East - 10 £50,000 -
Scotland -62 9 £52,500 +31.25% 7
Midlands -114 7 £45,000 -14.29% 2
West Midlands -82 5 £40,000 -20.00% 1
Northern Ireland - 5 £50,500 - 2
East Midlands -61 2 £60,000 -7.69% 1
East of England -107 2 - - 1
Yorkshire -86 1 - -

For the 6 months to 27 January 2022, IT jobs citing JPA also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for JPA.

1 201 (100.00%) Java
2 162 (80.60%) Spring
3 132 (65.67%) Hibernate
4 97 (48.26%) Agile Software Development
5 94 (46.77%) Microservices
6 92 (45.77%) Web Services
7 91 (45.27%) Git (software)
8 87 (43.28%) REST
8 87 (43.28%) SQL
9 84 (41.79%) Maven
10 81 (40.30%) TDD
10 81 (40.30%) AWS
11 80 (39.80%) Spring Boot
12 77 (38.31%) Docker
13 74 (36.82%) AngularJS
14 68 (33.83%) Jenkins
14 68 (33.83%) Degree
15 64 (31.84%) JMS
15 64 (31.84%) Social Skills
16 61 (30.35%) Scrum
17 59 (29.35%) XML
17 59 (29.35%) Java 8
17 59 (29.35%) CI/CD
18 58 (28.86%) JavaScript
19 56 (27.86%) Full Stack Development
20 54 (26.87%) HTML
21 53 (26.37%) JSON
22 51 (25.37%) CSS
22 51 (25.37%) Tomcat
23 50 (24.88%) JUnit

JPA
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 51 (25.37%) Tomcat
2 29 (14.43%) Elasticsearch
3 19 (9.45%) Jetty
4 15 (7.46%) Confluence
5 10 (4.98%) Apache
6 6 (2.99%) JBoss
7 4 (1.99%) CMS
7 4 (1.99%) IIS
7 4 (1.99%) WordPress
8 3 (1.49%) WebLogic
9 1 (0.50%) Cloud Foundry
9 1 (0.50%) GlassFish
9 1 (0.50%) nginx
9 1 (0.50%) OpenStack
9 1 (0.50%) Oracle SOA Suite
9 1 (0.50%) WildFly
Cloud Services
1 81 (40.30%) AWS
2 43 (21.39%) Azure
3 26 (12.94%) GCP
4 15 (7.46%) Serverless
5 14 (6.97%) Amazon EC2
5 14 (6.97%) AWS Lambda
5 14 (6.97%) SaaS
6 13 (6.47%) GitHub
7 12 (5.97%) Amazon Kinesis
7 12 (5.97%) Amazon S3
8 11 (5.47%) Amazon SQS
9 6 (2.99%) Amazon ECS
9 6 (2.99%) Amazon EKS
9 6 (2.99%) CloudFront
9 6 (2.99%) PaaS
10 5 (2.49%) Amazon ELB
10 5 (2.49%) AWS KMS
11 4 (1.99%) OpenShift
12 3 (1.49%) Cloud Computing
12 3 (1.49%) IaaS
Communications & Networking
1 9 (4.48%) Internet
2 4 (1.99%) TCP/IP
3 3 (1.49%) BIG-IP
3 3 (1.49%) Firewall
3 3 (1.49%) HTTP
3 3 (1.49%) NetScaler
3 3 (1.49%) VPN
4 2 (1.00%) SSL
Database & Business Intelligence
1 41 (20.40%) PostgreSQL
2 40 (19.90%) Relational Database
3 31 (15.42%) SQL Server
4 25 (12.44%) MongoDB
5 24 (11.94%) MySQL
6 23 (11.44%) NoSQL
7 21 (10.45%) RDBMS
8 15 (7.46%) Oracle Database
9 11 (5.47%) Amazon RDS
10 10 (4.98%) Amazon DynamoDB
11 8 (3.98%) Redis
12 6 (2.99%) Amazon Aurora
12 6 (2.99%) Metadata
13 5 (2.49%) Amazon Redshift
13 5 (2.49%) HBase
14 4 (1.99%) DB2
15 2 (1.00%) Hazelcast
16 1 (0.50%) Apache Cassandra
16 1 (0.50%) Big Data
16 1 (0.50%) Geospatial Data
Development Applications
1 91 (45.27%) Git (software)
2 84 (41.79%) Maven
3 68 (33.83%) Jenkins
4 50 (24.88%) JUnit
5 40 (19.90%) Cucumber
6 37 (18.41%) JIRA
7 33 (16.42%) Mockito
8 31 (15.42%) Gradle
9 28 (13.93%) Bitbucket
10 19 (9.45%) Ant
10 19 (9.45%) Apache Ivy
10 19 (9.45%) Concordion
11 16 (7.96%) Subversion
12 13 (6.47%) Artifactory
12 13 (6.47%) Sonatype Nexus
13 10 (4.98%) WebDriver
14 9 (4.48%) Selenium
15 8 (3.98%) CircleCI
15 8 (3.98%) GitLab
16 6 (2.99%) REST Assured
General
1 64 (31.84%) Social Skills
2 33 (16.42%) Finance
3 19 (9.45%) Public Sector
4 12 (5.97%) Inclusion and Diversity
5 11 (5.47%) Banking
6 10 (4.98%) Back Office
7 8 (3.98%) Analytical Skills
7 8 (3.98%) Games
7 8 (3.98%) Online Betting
8 5 (2.49%) German Language
8 5 (2.49%) Polish Language
8 5 (2.49%) Retail
8 5 (2.49%) Spanish Language
9 4 (1.99%) Law
9 4 (1.99%) Telecoms
10 3 (1.49%) Police
11 2 (1.00%) Financial Institution
11 2 (1.00%) Multimedia
11 2 (1.00%) Private Banking
12 1 (0.50%) Front Office
Job Titles
1 154 (76.62%) Developer
2 115 (57.21%) Java Developer
3 78 (38.81%) Senior Developer
4 48 (23.88%) Senior Java Developer
5 32 (15.92%) Full Stack Developer
6 31 (15.42%) Software Engineer
7 22 (10.95%) Lead Developer
8 20 (9.95%) Team Leader
9 19 (9.45%) Software Developer
10 17 (8.46%) Senior Full Stack Developer
11 12 (5.97%) Java Engineer
12 10 (4.98%) Architect
12 10 (4.98%) Java Software Developer
12 10 (4.98%) Lead Java Developer
13 9 (4.48%) Java Architect
13 9 (4.48%) Java Team Leader
14 8 (3.98%) Java Software Engineer
14 8 (3.98%) Senior Software Developer
14 8 (3.98%) Senior Software Engineer
15 7 (3.48%) Backend Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 162 (80.60%) Spring
2 132 (65.67%) Hibernate
3 92 (45.77%) Web Services
4 87 (43.28%) REST
5 80 (39.80%) Spring Boot
6 74 (36.82%) AngularJS
7 64 (31.84%) JMS
8 59 (29.35%) XML
9 54 (26.87%) HTML
10 53 (26.37%) JSON
11 51 (25.37%) CSS
12 48 (23.88%) RESTful
13 42 (20.90%) jQuery
14 39 (19.40%) React
15 35 (17.41%) Spring MVC
16 34 (16.92%) Java EE
17 33 (16.42%) Kafka
18 31 (15.42%) JDBC
19 30 (14.93%) J2EE
20 27 (13.43%) HTML5
Miscellaneous
1 29 (14.43%) Data Structures
2 20 (9.95%) Algorithms
3 12 (5.97%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
3 12 (5.97%) Greenfield Project
4 10 (4.98%) Enterprise Software
5 8 (3.98%) Smartphone
6 6 (2.99%) Virtual Team
7 5 (2.49%) Mobile App
8 4 (1.99%) Public Cloud
9 3 (1.49%) DataPower
9 3 (1.49%) Digital Media
9 3 (1.49%) Management Information System
9 3 (1.49%) PKI
10 2 (1.00%) Cloud Native
10 2 (1.00%) Clustering
10 2 (1.00%) iPhone
10 2 (1.00%) Legacy Systems
10 2 (1.00%) Mainframe
10 2 (1.00%) SWIFT
11 1 (0.50%) Legacy Applications
Operating Systems
1 35 (17.41%) Linux
2 12 (5.97%) Unix
3 4 (1.99%) Windows
4 3 (1.49%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 1 (0.50%) Windows Server
Processes & Methodologies
1 97 (48.26%) Agile Software Development
2 94 (46.77%) Microservices
3 81 (40.30%) TDD
4 61 (30.35%) Scrum
5 59 (29.35%) CI/CD
6 56 (27.86%) Full Stack Development
7 49 (24.38%) BDD
8 48 (23.88%) MVC
8 48 (23.88%) Software Engineering
9 42 (20.90%) Computer Science
10 34 (16.92%) DevOps
11 33 (16.42%) API Design
12 31 (15.42%) OO
13 30 (14.93%) Continuous Integration
14 27 (13.43%) Problem-Solving
15 26 (12.94%) Multithreading
16 25 (12.44%) Test Automation
17 23 (11.44%) Clean Code
17 23 (11.44%) SDLC
18 21 (10.45%) Continuous Delivery
Programming Languages
1 201 (100.00%) Java
2 87 (43.28%) SQL
3 59 (29.35%) Java 8
4 58 (28.86%) JavaScript
5 27 (13.43%) Java 11
6 13 (6.47%) Groovy
7 11 (5.47%) Kotlin
8 9 (4.48%) TypeScript
9 8 (3.98%) AspectJ
9 8 (3.98%) Perl
10 7 (3.48%) ES6
10 7 (3.48%) Python
11 6 (2.99%) C
12 5 (2.49%) PHP
13 3 (1.49%) Java 9
14 2 (1.00%) C++
15 1 (0.50%) Bash
15 1 (0.50%) Go
15 1 (0.50%) JPQL
15 1 (0.50%) Scala
Qualifications
1 68 (33.83%) Degree
2 39 (19.40%) Computer Science Degree
3 15 (7.46%) Security Cleared
4 10 (4.98%) HND
5 8 (3.98%) Master's Degree
6 6 (2.99%) SC Cleared
7 5 (2.49%) DBS Check
8 4 (1.99%) AWS Certification
8 4 (1.99%) OCPJP
8 4 (1.99%) Oracle Certification
8 4 (1.99%) Sun Certification
9 1 (0.50%) DV Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 22 (10.95%) QA
System Software
1 77 (38.31%) Docker
2 7 (3.48%) Apache ZooKeeper
3 5 (2.49%) Postfix
4 1 (0.50%) Active Directory
4 1 (0.50%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 40 (19.90%) Kubernetes
2 13 (6.47%) Terraform
3 12 (5.97%) Grafana
3 12 (5.97%) Istio
3 12 (5.97%) Prometheus
4 8 (3.98%) Ansible
5 5 (2.49%) Puppet
6 3 (1.49%) Opscode Chef
6 3 (1.49%) Single Sign-On
7 2 (1.00%) HP Quality Center
8 1 (0.50%) Computer Emergency Response Teams
8 1 (0.50%) Kibana
8 1 (0.50%) vRealize
Vendors
1 46 (22.89%) Oracle
2 12 (5.97%) LexisNexis
3 11 (5.47%) Google
4 5 (2.49%) Red Hat
4 5 (2.49%) Sony
5 4 (1.99%) Microsoft
6 3 (1.49%) Atlassian
6 3 (1.49%) Citrix
6 3 (1.49%) F5
6 3 (1.49%) IBM
7 1 (0.50%) Xero