Period
to 18 August 2017

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for JPA skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited JPA over the 6 months to 18 August 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Java Persistence API (JPA)
UK
6 months to
18 Aug 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 589 671 722
Rank change year-on-year +82 +51 -5
Permanent jobs citing JPA 750 671 675
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.42% 0.34% 0.31%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 1.05% 0.88% 0.82%
Number of salaries quoted 522 558 558
UK median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year - +5.26% +3.26%
10th Percentile £32,500 £30,000 £31,250
90th Percentile £76,125 £78,750 £68,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £45,000 £42,500
% change year-on-year - +5.88% +6.25%

JPA is in the industry standards, technical specifications and software library and framework skills category. The next table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for industry standards, technical specifications and software library and framework skills.

Software Library & Framework Skills
UK
Permanent job vacancies with a requirement for industry standards, technical specifications and software library and framework skills 71647 76593 82163
As % of all permanent IT job vacancies advertised in the UK 40.48% 38.76% 37.82%
Number of salaries quoted 59672 66498 70064
UK median annual salary £47,500 £47,500 £45,000
Median salary % change year-on-year - +5.56% +3.45%
10th Percentile £29,000 £28,750 £27,500
90th Percentile £77,500 £75,000 £72,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £42,500 £41,500 £40,000
% change year-on-year +2.41% +3.75% -

JPA
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing JPA as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for JPA in the UK

JPA
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing JPA.

Salary trend for JPA in the UK

JPA
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing JPA over the 6 months to 18 August 2017.

Salary histogram for JPA in the UK

JPA
Top 15 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing JPA within the UK over the 6 months to 18 August 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +79 712 £50,000 -4.76% 42
UK excluding London +69 474 £45,000 - 23
London +92 273 £64,000 +6.67% 22
South West +46 166 £45,000 - 7
East of England +50 73 £50,000 +5.26% 2
North of England -17 70 £45,000 +3.45% 5
Midlands +19 65 £50,000 -13.04% 2
South East +46 64 £47,500 - 4
Yorkshire +40 38 £45,000 +12.50% 1
West Midlands -19 33 £55,000 -4.35%
East Midlands +47 32 £45,000 -5.26% 2
Scotland +41 27 £55,000 +32.53% 3
North West -51 27 £45,000 - 3
Wales +6 11 £45,000 +16.13%
North East +19 5 £42,500 +54.55% 1

For the 6 months to 18 August 2017, IT jobs citing JPA also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all job ads with a requirement for JPA.

1 744 (99.20%) Java
2 650 (86.67%) Spring
3 556 (74.13%) Hibernate
4 492 (65.60%) Agile Software Development
5 346 (46.13%) Web Services
6 344 (45.87%) REST
7 335 (44.67%) TDD
8 324 (43.20%) Finance
9 294 (39.20%) JavaScript
10 292 (38.93%) MVC
11 291 (38.80%) JUnit
12 280 (37.33%) SOAP
13 278 (37.07%) Scrum
14 261 (34.80%) XML
15 242 (32.27%) J2EE
16 235 (31.33%) SQL
16 235 (31.33%) Spring MVC
17 222 (29.60%) Linux
18 220 (29.33%) BDD
19 218 (29.07%) HTML
19 218 (29.07%) Maven
20 214 (28.53%) Oracle
21 213 (28.40%) Git (software)
22 202 (26.93%) Tomcat
23 194 (25.87%) AngularJS
24 191 (25.47%) MongoDB
24 191 (25.47%) Java EE
25 181 (24.13%) NoSQL
26 176 (23.47%) JMS
27 173 (23.07%) Continuous Integration

JPA
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 202 (26.93%) Tomcat
2 143 (19.07%) JBoss
3 97 (12.93%) Mule
4 81 (10.80%) Mule ESB
5 70 (9.33%) Apache
6 55 (7.33%) Oracle SOA Suite
7 54 (7.20%) WebLogic
8 41 (5.47%) Confluence
9 28 (3.73%) WebSphere
10 26 (3.47%) Elasticsearch
10 26 (3.47%) Jetty
11 18 (2.40%) nginx
12 15 (2.00%) CMS
13 14 (1.87%) Oracle Workflow
14 10 (1.33%) Apache ServiceMix
14 10 (1.33%) Oracle Coherence
15 8 (1.07%) Apache Spark
15 8 (1.07%) WildFly
16 7 (0.93%) Alfresco
16 7 (0.93%) Joomla!
Applications
1 3 (0.40%) Weka
Business Applications
1 25 (3.33%) Oracle BPM
2 10 (1.33%) SAP Hybris
2 10 (1.33%) Unica
3 7 (0.93%) Payment Gateway
Cloud Services
1 137 (18.27%) Amazon AWS
2 86 (11.47%) SaaS
3 84 (11.20%) Amazon EC2
4 41 (5.47%) GitHub
5 19 (2.53%) Microsoft Azure
6 14 (1.87%) Cloud Computing
7 10 (1.33%) Silverpop
8 4 (0.53%) Bluemix
8 4 (0.53%) IaaS
8 4 (0.53%) IBM Cloud
8 4 (0.53%) OpenShift
8 4 (0.53%) PaaS
9 1 (0.13%) Amazon ElastiCache
9 1 (0.13%) Amazon ELB
9 1 (0.13%) Amazon SQS
9 1 (0.13%) Firebase
9 1 (0.13%) Google Cloud Platform
Communications & Networking
1 41 (5.47%) LDAP
2 22 (2.93%) Internet
3 16 (2.13%) AMQP
4 13 (1.73%) HTTP
5 8 (1.07%) VoIP
6 1 (0.13%) Broadband
6 1 (0.13%) DSL
6 1 (0.13%) SMS
6 1 (0.13%) SNMP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 191 (25.47%) MongoDB
2 181 (24.13%) NoSQL
3 145 (19.33%) Relational Database
4 123 (16.40%) SQL Server
5 103 (13.73%) MySQL
6 86 (11.47%) Amazon DynamoDB
7 71 (9.47%) PostgreSQL
7 71 (9.47%) RDBMS
8 51 (6.80%) Apache Cassandra
9 44 (5.87%) Oracle Database
10 36 (4.80%) Redis
11 30 (4.00%) Hadoop
12 24 (3.20%) Oracle Database 11g
13 21 (2.80%) Oracle Database 10g
14 20 (2.67%) Oracle Database 12c
15 19 (2.53%) Hazelcast
16 17 (2.27%) Couchbase
17 15 (2.00%) Riak
18 14 (1.87%) Blockchain
19 12 (1.60%) Big Data
Development Applications
1 291 (38.80%) JUnit
2 218 (29.07%) Maven
3 213 (28.40%) Git (software)
4 160 (21.33%) Subversion
5 154 (20.53%) JIRA
6 124 (16.53%) Jenkins
7 117 (15.60%) IntelliJ
8 68 (9.07%) Selenium
9 51 (6.80%) Gradle
9 51 (6.80%) Mockito
10 45 (6.00%) Cucumber
11 44 (5.87%) Eclipse
12 30 (4.00%) Ant
13 27 (3.60%) TestNG
14 25 (3.33%) Protractor
14 25 (3.33%) SoapUI
15 18 (2.40%) Atlassian Bamboo
16 17 (2.27%) TeamCity
17 16 (2.13%) JBehave
17 16 (2.13%) Sonatype Nexus
General
1 324 (43.20%) Finance
2 128 (17.07%) Marketing
3 111 (14.80%) Retail
4 108 (14.40%) Telecoms
5 105 (14.00%) Electronics
6 99 (13.20%) Manufacturing
7 98 (13.07%) Banking
8 41 (5.47%) Investment Banking
9 34 (4.53%) Retail Banking
10 23 (3.07%) Games
11 20 (2.67%) Back Office
12 19 (2.53%) Advertising
13 13 (1.73%) Billing
13 13 (1.73%) Front Office
13 13 (1.73%) Publishing
14 9 (1.20%) Law
14 9 (1.20%) Legal
15 6 (0.80%) Automotive
16 5 (0.67%) Music Industry
17 2 (0.27%) Financial Institution
Job Titles
1 568 (75.73%) Developer
2 538 (71.73%) Java Developer
3 171 (22.80%) Senior Developer
4 166 (22.13%) Senior Java Developer
5 73 (9.73%) Java Engineer
6 62 (8.27%) Software Engineer
7 58 (7.73%) Java Software Engineer
8 55 (7.33%) Agile Developer
9 53 (7.07%) Agile Java Developer
10 47 (6.27%) Architect
11 45 (6.00%) Java Software Developer
12 44 (5.87%) J2EE Developer
12 44 (5.87%) Java/J2EE Developer
13 41 (5.47%) Software Developer
14 32 (4.27%) Senior Agile Developer
15 30 (4.00%) Senior Agile Java Developer
16 27 (3.60%) Full Stack Developer
16 27 (3.60%) SQL Developer
17 26 (3.47%) JavaScript Developer
17 26 (3.47%) Solutions Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 650 (86.67%) Spring
2 556 (74.13%) Hibernate
3 346 (46.13%) Web Services
4 344 (45.87%) REST
5 280 (37.33%) SOAP
6 261 (34.80%) XML
7 242 (32.27%) J2EE
8 235 (31.33%) Spring MVC
9 218 (29.07%) HTML
10 194 (25.87%) AngularJS
11 191 (25.47%) Java EE
12 176 (23.47%) JMS
13 167 (22.27%) JSON
14 137 (18.27%) CSS
15 125 (16.67%) Spring Boot
16 116 (15.47%) Spring Integration
17 105 (14.00%) Apache Camel
18 95 (12.67%) HTML5
19 90 (12.00%) EJB
19 90 (12.00%) RESTful
Miscellaneous
1 53 (7.07%) User Experience
2 43 (5.73%) Computer Science
3 32 (4.27%) Greenfield Project
4 29 (3.87%) Fintech
5 21 (2.80%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
6 18 (2.40%) Algorithms
6 18 (2.40%) Enterprise Software
7 16 (2.13%) Data Structures
8 14 (1.87%) Analytical Skills
8 14 (1.87%) Online Games
9 13 (1.73%) Mobile App
9 13 (1.73%) NHS
10 10 (1.33%) iPad
11 9 (1.20%) Bitcoin
12 8 (1.07%) Credit Risk
13 6 (0.80%) Blog
13 6 (0.80%) Client/Server
14 5 (0.67%) Equities
14 5 (0.67%) RIA
15 3 (0.40%) W3C
Operating Systems
1 222 (29.60%) Linux
2 93 (12.40%) Unix
3 31 (4.13%) Windows
4 21 (2.80%) Android
4 21 (2.80%) Apple iOS
5 7 (0.93%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 2 (0.27%) Solaris
Processes & Methodologies
1 492 (65.60%) Agile Software Development
2 335 (44.67%) TDD
3 292 (38.93%) MVC
4 278 (37.07%) Scrum
5 220 (29.33%) BDD
6 173 (23.07%) Continuous Integration
7 145 (19.33%) Software Engineering
8 143 (19.07%) Kanban
9 128 (17.07%) Integration Testing
10 121 (16.13%) SDLC
11 116 (15.47%) OO
12 106 (14.13%) Business Intelligence
12 106 (14.13%) Microservices
13 105 (14.00%) Digital Marketing
14 99 (13.20%) Programme Management
15 94 (12.53%) SOA
16 85 (11.33%) Open Source
17 84 (11.20%) Unit Testing
18 80 (10.67%) Test Automation
19 79 (10.53%) Web Development
Programming Languages
1 744 (99.20%) Java
2 294 (39.20%) JavaScript
3 235 (31.33%) SQL
4 75 (10.00%) PL/SQL
5 52 (6.93%) PHP
6 47 (6.27%) Shell Script
7 33 (4.40%) Python
8 27 (3.60%) Groovy
9 22 (2.93%) Bash Shell
9 22 (2.93%) C++
10 20 (2.67%) Ruby
11 17 (2.27%) C#
12 15 (2.00%) Scala
12 15 (2.00%) XPath
13 11 (1.47%) C
14 7 (0.93%) ES6
14 7 (0.93%) VB
14 7 (0.93%) VB6
14 7 (0.93%) VC++
15 6 (0.80%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 60 (8.00%) Degree
2 25 (3.33%) Computer Science Degree
3 9 (1.20%) Security Cleared
4 7 (0.93%) SC Cleared
5 5 (0.67%) HND
6 2 (0.27%) PhD
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 82 (10.93%) QA
2 4 (0.53%) ISO/IEC 20000
2 4 (0.53%) SLA
System Software
1 50 (6.67%) Docker
2 36 (4.80%) Active Directory
3 6 (0.80%) HDFS
4 3 (0.40%) Apache ZooKeeper
5 1 (0.13%) LXC
Systems Management
1 28 (3.73%) Ansible
2 11 (1.47%) Opscode Chef
3 10 (1.33%) Cobbler
3 10 (1.33%) Puppet
4 5 (0.67%) Business Desktop Deployment
4 5 (0.67%) MOM
5 4 (0.53%) Graylog
5 4 (0.53%) Hadoop YARN
5 4 (0.53%) Nagios
6 3 (0.40%) Kubernetes
7 2 (0.27%) HP Quality Center
8 1 (0.13%) BladeLogic
8 1 (0.13%) Control-M
8 1 (0.13%) Kibana
8 1 (0.13%) logstash
Vendors
1 214 (28.53%) Oracle
2 116 (15.47%) SAP
3 80 (10.67%) Apple
4 43 (5.73%) IBM
5 19 (2.53%) TIBCO
6 17 (2.27%) hybris
7 16 (2.13%) Red Hat
8 15 (2.00%) Atlassian
9 14 (1.87%) Google
9 14 (1.87%) Splunk
10 12 (1.60%) Perforce
11 11 (1.47%) Sybase
12 10 (1.33%) Informatica
12 10 (1.33%) Pega
13 8 (1.07%) Microsoft
14 6 (0.80%) Alterian
15 4 (0.53%) AppDynamics
15 4 (0.53%) BEA
16 3 (0.40%) Alteryx
16 3 (0.40%) MuleSoft