Period
to 19 February 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for JPA skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited JPA over the 6 months to 19 February 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Java Persistence API (JPA)
UK
6 months to
19 Feb 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 692 746 681
Rank change year-on-year +54 -65 -42
Permanent jobs citing JPA 325 397 588
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.26% 0.26% 0.33%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 0.67% 0.66% 0.82%
Number of salaries quoted 272 274 453
UK median annual salary £57,500 £50,000 £52,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +15.00% -4.76% -
10th Percentile £41,325 £35,000 £33,750
90th Percentile £87,500 £80,000 £78,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £55,000 £47,500 £50,000
% change year-on-year +15.79% -5.00% -

JPA is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 48,315 60,139 71,322
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 38.95% 39.69% 40.62%
Number of salaries quoted 39,749 49,335 60,174
UK median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% +5.26%
10th Percentile £32,500 £31,250 £30,000
90th Percentile £90,000 £85,000 £78,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £47,500 £45,000 £42,500
% change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% -

JPA
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing JPA as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for JPA in the UK

JPA
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing JPA.

Salary trend for JPA in the UK

JPA
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing JPA over the 6 months to 19 February 2020.

Salary histogram for JPA in the UK

JPA
Top 16 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing JPA within the UK over the 6 months to 19 February 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +80 293 £57,500 +9.52% 59
UK excluding London +13 197 £55,000 +15.79% 53
London +99 121 £72,500 +3.57% 12
South East +67 70 £55,000 +10.00% 14
South West +8 41 £55,000 +10.00% 15
Midlands +25 38 £55,000 +34.15% 7
West Midlands +56 28 £67,500 +38.46% 5
Scotland +15 18 £40,000 -15.79% 2
East of England +60 16 £45,000 -37.93% 3
North of England +53 13 £70,000 +55.56% 8
Yorkshire +32 11 £70,000 +55.56% 5
East Midlands -3 10 £52,500 +29.63% 2
Wales -10 4 £50,000 +33.33% 2
Northern Ireland +13 3 £42,500 - 3
North West +44 1 £75,000 +81.82%
North East 0 1 £72,500 +61.11% 3

For the 6 months to 19 February 2020, IT jobs citing JPA also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for JPA.

1 325 (100.00%) Java
2 279 (85.85%) Spring
3 241 (74.15%) Hibernate
4 204 (62.77%) Agile Software Development
5 147 (45.23%) JavaScript
6 144 (44.31%) Maven
7 142 (43.69%) Jenkins
8 120 (36.92%) JUnit
9 118 (36.31%) Git (software)
10 114 (35.08%) SQL
11 111 (34.15%) Java 8
12 110 (33.85%) AngularJS
13 105 (32.31%) Spring Boot
14 103 (31.69%) Tomcat
15 102 (31.38%) Scrum
16 100 (30.77%) Continuous Integration
17 97 (29.85%) HTML
17 97 (29.85%) REST
18 96 (29.54%) Web Services
18 96 (29.54%) RESTful
19 92 (28.31%) CSS
20 91 (28.00%) Microservices
21 88 (27.08%) PostgreSQL
21 88 (27.08%) TDD
22 83 (25.54%) JIRA
23 81 (24.92%) Oracle
24 77 (23.69%) Subversion
25 74 (22.77%) BDD
26 70 (21.54%) Cucumber
27 67 (20.62%) Finance

JPA
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 103 (31.69%) Tomcat
2 37 (11.38%) Apache
3 21 (6.46%) Confluence
4 18 (5.54%) JBoss
5 17 (5.23%) Elasticsearch
6 14 (4.31%) Apache Spark
7 12 (3.69%) Apache Solr
7 12 (3.69%) WildFly
8 9 (2.77%) GlassFish
9 8 (2.46%) WebLogic
10 7 (2.15%) Oracle SOA Suite
11 6 (1.85%) Camunda
11 6 (1.85%) CMS
12 5 (1.54%) Adobe Experience Manager
12 5 (1.54%) Hyperledger
13 2 (0.62%) Mule
13 2 (0.62%) Mule ESB
13 2 (0.62%) Red Hat Fuse
14 1 (0.31%) Jetty
14 1 (0.31%) nginx
Applications
1 8 (2.46%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 4 (1.23%) Oracle BPM
2 1 (0.31%) Payment Gateway
Cloud Services
1 61 (18.77%) AWS
2 25 (7.69%) PaaS
3 24 (7.38%) Azure
4 17 (5.23%) Amazon EC2
5 14 (4.31%) GCP
6 12 (3.69%) Amazon SQS
7 10 (3.08%) SaaS
7 10 (3.08%) Serverless
8 8 (2.46%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
8 8 (2.46%) IaaS
9 7 (2.15%) AWS Lambda
10 6 (1.85%) Amazon ECS
11 5 (1.54%) CloudFront
12 4 (1.23%) Cloud Computing
13 3 (0.92%) Amazon S3
13 3 (0.92%) GitHub
14 2 (0.62%) Amazon ElastiCache
14 2 (0.62%) AWS CloudFormation
14 2 (0.62%) Route 53
15 1 (0.31%) npm
Communications & Networking
1 9 (2.77%) TCP/IP
2 7 (2.15%) Internet
3 4 (1.23%) HTTP
4 2 (0.62%) SSL
5 1 (0.31%) DNS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 88 (27.08%) PostgreSQL
2 47 (14.46%) SQL Server
3 46 (14.15%) MySQL
4 21 (6.46%) Relational Database
5 15 (4.62%) NoSQL
6 14 (4.31%) Amazon DynamoDB
7 11 (3.38%) Amazon RDS
8 8 (2.46%) Blockchain
8 8 (2.46%) DB2
8 8 (2.46%) Oracle Database
9 7 (2.15%) Ingres
9 7 (2.15%) RDBMS
10 6 (1.85%) Hadoop
10 6 (1.85%) Redis
11 5 (1.54%) MongoDB
12 4 (1.23%) Amazon Aurora
12 4 (1.23%) Data Mining
13 3 (0.92%) HBase
14 2 (0.62%) Big Data
14 2 (0.62%) Couchbase
Development Applications
1 144 (44.31%) Maven
2 142 (43.69%) Jenkins
3 120 (36.92%) JUnit
4 118 (36.31%) Git (software)
5 83 (25.54%) JIRA
6 77 (23.69%) Subversion
7 70 (21.54%) Cucumber
8 31 (9.54%) Eclipse
8 31 (9.54%) Mockito
9 28 (8.62%) Liquibase
10 26 (8.00%) Ant
10 26 (8.00%) JMeter
11 25 (7.69%) SonarQube
12 23 (7.08%) Gradle
13 20 (6.15%) IntelliJ
13 20 (6.15%) TeamCity
14 18 (5.54%) Atlassian Bamboo
14 18 (5.54%) DbUnit
14 18 (5.54%) Selenium
15 16 (4.92%) Bitbucket
General
1 67 (20.62%) Finance
2 42 (12.92%) Marketing
3 35 (10.77%) Back Office
4 32 (9.85%) Manufacturing
5 28 (8.62%) Public Sector
6 23 (7.08%) Electronics
6 23 (7.08%) Telecoms
7 22 (6.77%) Banking
8 19 (5.85%) Front Office
9 12 (3.69%) Games
10 11 (3.38%) Retail
11 5 (1.54%) Financial Institution
12 4 (1.23%) French Language
13 3 (0.92%) Automotive
14 1 (0.31%) Advertising
14 1 (0.31%) Investment Banking
14 1 (0.31%) Law
Job Titles
1 281 (86.46%) Developer
2 263 (80.92%) Java Developer
3 112 (34.46%) Senior Developer
4 104 (32.00%) Senior Java Developer
5 30 (9.23%) Full Stack Developer
5 30 (9.23%) Lead Developer
5 30 (9.23%) Lead Java Developer
6 26 (8.00%) Java Engineer
7 25 (7.69%) Senior Java Engineer
8 18 (5.54%) Architect
8 18 (5.54%) Front Office Developer
9 16 (4.92%) Software Engineer
10 14 (4.31%) Senior Software Engineer
11 13 (4.00%) J2EE Developer
11 13 (4.00%) Java Software Engineer
11 13 (4.00%) Java/J2EE Developer
11 13 (4.00%) Senior J2EE Developer
11 13 (4.00%) Senior Java/J2EE Developer
12 12 (3.69%) Angular Developer
12 12 (3.69%) Senior Java Software Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 279 (85.85%) Spring
2 241 (74.15%) Hibernate
3 110 (33.85%) AngularJS
4 105 (32.31%) Spring Boot
5 97 (29.85%) HTML
5 97 (29.85%) REST
6 96 (29.54%) RESTful
6 96 (29.54%) Web Services
7 92 (28.31%) CSS
8 62 (19.08%) XML
9 58 (17.85%) Java EE
9 58 (17.85%) Struts
10 52 (16.00%) React
10 52 (16.00%) SOAP
11 49 (15.08%) J2EE
12 47 (14.46%) HTML5
13 44 (13.54%) jQuery
14 42 (12.92%) JDBC
15 41 (12.62%) Vaadin
16 39 (12.00%) JMS
Miscellaneous
1 25 (7.69%) Analytical Skills
2 18 (5.54%) Equities
2 18 (5.54%) Fixed Income
2 18 (5.54%) User Experience
3 17 (5.23%) Greenfield Project
4 10 (3.08%) RIA
5 9 (2.77%) Enterprise Software
6 8 (2.46%) Self-Motivation
7 7 (2.15%) Client/Server
7 7 (2.15%) Online Games
7 7 (2.15%) Public Cloud
8 5 (1.54%) Algorithms
8 5 (1.54%) Data Structures
9 4 (1.23%) Linux Command Line
9 4 (1.23%) Smartphone
9 4 (1.23%) SWIFT
9 4 (1.23%) Web 2.0
10 3 (0.92%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
10 3 (0.92%) Smart Energy
11 2 (0.62%) Management Information System
Operating Systems
1 34 (10.46%) Linux
2 17 (5.23%) Unix
3 15 (4.62%) Windows
4 14 (4.31%) Android
5 8 (2.46%) Windows 7
5 8 (2.46%) Windows 8
6 6 (1.85%) Apple iOS
7 1 (0.31%) Solaris
Processes & Methodologies
1 204 (62.77%) Agile Software Development
2 102 (31.38%) Scrum
3 100 (30.77%) Continuous Integration
4 91 (28.00%) Microservices
5 88 (27.08%) TDD
6 74 (22.77%) BDD
7 53 (16.31%) Continuous Delivery
8 52 (16.00%) DevOps
9 42 (12.92%) Problem-Solving
10 41 (12.62%) Software Engineering
11 38 (11.69%) Test Automation
12 36 (11.08%) OO
12 36 (11.08%) Web Development
13 35 (10.77%) MVC
14 34 (10.46%) Computer Science
15 32 (9.85%) Kanban
16 31 (9.54%) SDLC
17 30 (9.23%) Multithreading
18 26 (8.00%) Unit Testing
19 24 (7.38%) Business Intelligence
Programming Languages
1 325 (100.00%) Java
2 147 (45.23%) JavaScript
3 114 (35.08%) SQL
4 111 (34.15%) Java 8
5 23 (7.08%) Python
6 22 (6.77%) Scala
7 10 (3.08%) C#
8 8 (2.46%) C++
9 6 (1.85%) TypeScript
10 5 (1.54%) Groovy
11 4 (1.23%) PHP
11 4 (1.23%) PL/SQL
12 3 (0.92%) Clojure
12 3 (0.92%) Shell Script
13 2 (0.62%) Bash Shell
13 2 (0.62%) Go
13 2 (0.62%) Kotlin
14 1 (0.31%) Perl
14 1 (0.31%) Ruby
14 1 (0.31%) XPath
Qualifications
1 37 (11.38%) Degree
2 14 (4.31%) Security Cleared
3 7 (2.15%) SC Cleared
4 5 (1.54%) Oracle Certification
5 4 (1.23%) Computer Science Degree
5 4 (1.23%) Master's Degree
6 1 (0.31%) HND
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 31 (9.54%) QA
2 4 (1.23%) SEPA
3 1 (0.31%) PMO
System Software
1 62 (19.08%) Docker
2 8 (2.46%) Postfix
3 2 (0.62%) Oracle RAC
4 1 (0.31%) Varnish
4 1 (0.31%) vCloud
Systems Management
1 15 (4.62%) Kubernetes
2 13 (4.00%) Kibana
2 13 (4.00%) logstash
3 10 (3.08%) Terraform
4 5 (1.54%) Docker Swarm
5 1 (0.31%) Ansible
5 1 (0.31%) Oozie
5 1 (0.31%) Opscode Chef
5 1 (0.31%) Puppet
5 1 (0.31%) Rancher
Vendors
1 81 (24.92%) Oracle
2 39 (12.00%) SAP
3 17 (5.23%) Google
4 7 (2.15%) TIBCO
5 6 (1.85%) IBM
6 5 (1.54%) Adobe
7 2 (0.62%) Apple
7 2 (0.62%) Salesforce.com
7 2 (0.62%) Xero
8 1 (0.31%) Microsoft
8 1 (0.31%) Plumtree
8 1 (0.31%) Sony
8 1 (0.31%) Sybase
8 1 (0.31%) VMware