Period
to 19 November 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for JPA skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited JPA over the 6 months to 19 November 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Java Persistence API (JPA)
UK
6 months to
19 Nov 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 706 598 637
Rank change year-on-year -108 +39 +68
Permanent jobs citing JPA 483 733 696
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.30% 0.41% 0.37%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 0.75% 1.02% 0.94%
Number of salaries quoted 342 515 607
UK median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.00% - +5.26%
10th Percentile £35,000 £32,900 £31,250
90th Percentile £82,375 £77,500 £81,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £47,500 £50,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year -5.00% +11.11% -

JPA is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 64,568 71,650 73,737
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 39.83% 40.16% 39.08%
Number of salaries quoted 53,334 59,500 63,946
UK median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% +5.56%
10th Percentile £31,250 £29,750 £28,750
90th Percentile £83,750 £77,500 £76,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £42,500 £42,000
% change year-on-year +5.88% +1.19% +5.00%

JPA
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing JPA as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for JPA in the UK

JPA
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing JPA.

Salary trend for JPA in the UK

JPA
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing JPA over the 6 months to 19 November 2018.

Salary histogram for JPA in the UK

JPA
Top 16 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing JPA within the UK over the 6 months to 19 November 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -115 431 £55,000 +7.84% 72
UK excluding London -120 276 £47,500 -5.00% 58
London -2 202 £57,500 -17.86% 25
South West -51 76 £47,500 +5.56% 5
Midlands -32 49 £44,500 -11.00% 15
South East +4 48 £55,000 -8.33% 13
East Midlands +14 38 £41,250 -8.33% 6
Scotland +4 36 £52,500 +16.67% 6
North of England -8 32 £45,000 -5.26% 8
East of England -13 25 £47,500 -5.00% 6
North East +10 13 £45,000 +5.88% 7
Wales +7 12 £37,500 -6.25% 5
Yorkshire +10 11 £37,000 -17.78%
West Midlands -31 9 £50,000 -6.98% 9
North West -20 8 £55,000 +15.79% 1
Northern Ireland 0 4 - - 2

For the 6 months to 19 November 2018, IT jobs citing JPA also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for JPA.

1 480 (99.38%) Java
2 411 (85.09%) Spring
3 327 (67.70%) Hibernate
4 311 (64.39%) Agile Software Development
5 252 (52.17%) JavaScript
6 248 (51.35%) Git (software)
7 216 (44.72%) HTML
8 204 (42.24%) Maven
9 197 (40.79%) SQL
10 195 (40.37%) CSS
11 188 (38.92%) REST
12 180 (37.27%) Web Services
13 177 (36.65%) TDD
14 173 (35.82%) Microservices
15 167 (34.58%) MVC
16 161 (33.33%) Scrum
17 160 (33.13%) Java 8
18 155 (32.09%) Software Engineering
19 150 (31.06%) Degree
20 148 (30.64%) JUnit
21 146 (30.23%) Oracle
22 139 (28.78%) Jenkins
23 131 (27.12%) Java EE
24 127 (26.29%) Finance
25 124 (25.67%) Spring Boot
25 124 (25.67%) RESTful
26 120 (24.84%) Gradle
26 120 (24.84%) AngularJS
27 118 (24.43%) SOAP
28 116 (24.02%) MySQL

JPA
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 88 (18.22%) Tomcat
2 73 (15.11%) JBoss
3 51 (10.56%) Apache
4 36 (7.45%) WebSphere
5 28 (5.80%) CMS
6 26 (5.38%) WebLogic
7 24 (4.97%) WildFly
8 20 (4.14%) Elasticsearch
9 19 (3.93%) Confluence
10 15 (3.11%) GlassFish
10 15 (3.11%) Jetty
11 13 (2.69%) Apache Spark
12 12 (2.48%) Apache Solr
12 12 (2.48%) WebSphere Application Server
13 11 (2.28%) Alfresco
14 9 (1.86%) Joomla!
14 9 (1.86%) Mule
15 8 (1.66%) Adobe Experience Manager
15 8 (1.66%) Apache Geronimo
15 8 (1.66%) Mule ESB
Applications
1 8 (1.66%) Weka
Business Applications
1 1 (0.21%) Oracle Cash Management
Cloud Services
1 91 (18.84%) Amazon AWS
2 39 (8.07%) SaaS
3 19 (3.93%) Microsoft Azure
4 15 (3.11%) IaaS
5 13 (2.69%) Google Cloud Platform
6 12 (2.48%) Serverless
7 11 (2.28%) AWS CloudFormation
8 9 (1.86%) DigitalOcean
9 8 (1.66%) Amazon EC2
9 8 (1.66%) PaaS
10 6 (1.24%) Apple Pay
10 6 (1.24%) GitHub
10 6 (1.24%) Google Pay
11 4 (0.83%) Cloud Computing
12 3 (0.62%) Amazon ElastiCache
12 3 (0.62%) Amazon SQS
13 2 (0.41%) CloudBees
13 2 (0.41%) OpenShift
14 1 (0.21%) Apigee
14 1 (0.21%) Boomi
Communications & Networking
1 31 (6.42%) Internet
2 12 (2.48%) AMQP
3 8 (1.66%) SSL
4 2 (0.41%) HTTP
4 2 (0.41%) Intranet
4 2 (0.41%) SMS
4 2 (0.41%) TCP/IP
5 1 (0.21%) FTP
5 1 (0.21%) VoIP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 116 (24.02%) MySQL
2 103 (21.33%) Relational Database
3 93 (19.25%) NoSQL
4 60 (12.42%) MongoDB
5 58 (12.01%) PostgreSQL
6 50 (10.35%) SQL Server
7 39 (8.07%) RDBMS
8 29 (6.00%) Oracle Database
9 24 (4.97%) Apache Cassandra
10 23 (4.76%) Hadoop
11 20 (4.14%) Redis
12 19 (3.93%) Amazon DynamoDB
13 18 (3.73%) Couchbase
14 17 (3.52%) Big Data
15 14 (2.90%) Neo4j
16 13 (2.69%) Riak
17 10 (2.07%) Apache Hive
18 8 (1.66%) CouchDB
18 8 (1.66%) HBase
18 8 (1.66%) Mahout
Development Applications
1 248 (51.35%) Git (software)
2 204 (42.24%) Maven
3 148 (30.64%) JUnit
4 139 (28.78%) Jenkins
5 120 (24.84%) Gradle
6 108 (22.36%) Subversion
7 60 (12.42%) Cucumber
7 60 (12.42%) Eclipse
8 50 (10.35%) JIRA
9 49 (10.14%) Ant
10 31 (6.42%) Mockito
11 26 (5.38%) Selenium
11 26 (5.38%) Vagrant
12 25 (5.18%) IntelliJ
13 24 (4.97%) TeamCity
14 21 (4.35%) JMeter
15 18 (3.73%) Bitbucket
16 11 (2.28%) GitLab
17 8 (1.66%) Android Studio
17 8 (1.66%) ProC
General
1 127 (26.29%) Finance
2 40 (8.28%) Banking
3 21 (4.35%) Games
4 16 (3.31%) Automotive
5 14 (2.90%) Advertising
6 13 (2.69%) Marketing
7 12 (2.48%) Telecoms
8 10 (2.07%) Electronics
8 10 (2.07%) Manufacturing
8 10 (2.07%) Retail
9 9 (1.86%) Law
10 7 (1.45%) Aerospace
11 5 (1.04%) Back Office
12 2 (0.41%) Investment Banking
12 2 (0.41%) Multimedia
13 1 (0.21%) Billing
13 1 (0.21%) Financial Institution
13 1 (0.21%) Legal
13 1 (0.21%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 375 (77.64%) Developer
2 345 (71.43%) Java Developer
3 103 (21.33%) Senior Developer
4 95 (19.67%) Senior Java Developer
5 62 (12.84%) Software Engineer
6 48 (9.94%) Java Engineer
7 42 (8.70%) Java Software Engineer
8 35 (7.25%) Senior Software Engineer
9 28 (5.80%) Architect
9 28 (5.80%) Senior Java Engineer
10 26 (5.38%) Lead Developer
10 26 (5.38%) Lead Java Developer
11 25 (5.18%) Senior Java Software Engineer
12 20 (4.14%) Graduate
12 20 (4.14%) Graduate Developer
13 17 (3.52%) Graduate Java Developer
14 16 (3.31%) Java Architect
15 15 (3.11%) Java Software Developer
16 14 (2.90%) Agile Java Developer
16 14 (2.90%) Senior Software Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 411 (85.09%) Spring
2 327 (67.70%) Hibernate
3 216 (44.72%) HTML
4 195 (40.37%) CSS
5 188 (38.92%) REST
6 180 (37.27%) Web Services
7 131 (27.12%) Java EE
8 124 (25.67%) RESTful
8 124 (25.67%) Spring Boot
9 120 (24.84%) AngularJS
10 118 (24.43%) SOAP
11 109 (22.57%) JMS
12 104 (21.53%) XML
13 99 (20.50%) HTML5
14 89 (18.43%) jQuery
14 89 (18.43%) Spring MVC
15 65 (13.46%) JSF
16 62 (12.84%) JSON
17 59 (12.22%) J2EE
18 58 (12.01%) EJB
Miscellaneous
1 73 (15.11%) Computer Science
2 33 (6.83%) Greenfield Project
3 32 (6.63%) Enterprise Software
3 32 (6.63%) Self-Motivation
4 26 (5.38%) Fintech
5 25 (5.18%) Algorithms
5 25 (5.18%) Analytical Skills
5 25 (5.18%) RIA
6 24 (4.97%) Data Structures
7 19 (3.93%) User Experience
8 11 (2.28%) Online Gambling
9 10 (2.07%) Management Information System
10 5 (1.04%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
11 4 (0.83%) Animation
11 4 (0.83%) Virtual Team
12 3 (0.62%) Enterprise Cloud
12 3 (0.62%) Linked Data
13 2 (0.41%) Client/Server
13 2 (0.41%) Clustering
13 2 (0.41%) Public Cloud
Operating Systems
1 102 (21.12%) Linux
2 44 (9.11%) Android
2 44 (9.11%) Apple iOS
3 34 (7.04%) Unix
4 21 (4.35%) Solaris
5 12 (2.48%) CentOS
5 12 (2.48%) Ubuntu
6 5 (1.04%) Windows
7 1 (0.21%) DC/OS
7 1 (0.21%) Mesosphere
7 1 (0.21%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 1 (0.21%) Windows Server
Processes & Methodologies
1 311 (64.39%) Agile Software Development
2 177 (36.65%) TDD
3 173 (35.82%) Microservices
4 167 (34.58%) MVC
5 161 (33.33%) Scrum
6 155 (32.09%) Software Engineering
7 109 (22.57%) Continuous Integration
8 105 (21.74%) Web Development
9 100 (20.70%) OO
10 83 (17.18%) BDD
11 68 (14.08%) Problem-Solving
12 57 (11.80%) Multithreading
13 53 (10.97%) Open Source
14 51 (10.56%) UML
15 48 (9.94%) E-Commerce
16 44 (9.11%) Android Development
16 44 (9.11%) iOS Development
17 43 (8.90%) Unit Testing
18 39 (8.07%) Mentoring
19 36 (7.45%) Mobile Development
Programming Languages
1 480 (99.38%) Java
2 252 (52.17%) JavaScript
3 197 (40.79%) SQL
4 160 (33.13%) Java 8
5 58 (12.01%) PL/SQL
6 39 (8.07%) Python
7 28 (5.80%) PHP
8 21 (4.35%) Ruby
9 20 (4.14%) TypeScript
10 18 (3.73%) C++
11 16 (3.31%) Go
12 12 (2.48%) PowerShell
12 12 (2.48%) R
13 11 (2.28%) T-SQL
14 10 (2.07%) Bash Shell
14 10 (2.07%) Shell Script
15 9 (1.86%) Groovy
16 5 (1.04%) Scala
17 4 (0.83%) C#
17 4 (0.83%) Clojure
Qualifications
1 150 (31.06%) Degree
2 33 (6.83%) Computer Science Degree
3 29 (6.00%) Security Cleared
4 12 (2.48%) SC Cleared
5 11 (2.28%) Numerate Degree
6 8 (1.66%) DV Cleared
7 7 (1.45%) DBS Check
8 1 (0.21%) Master's Degree
8 1 (0.21%) Oracle Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 31 (6.42%) QA
2 4 (0.83%) GDPR
3 3 (0.62%) DICOM
4 1 (0.21%) ISO 20022
4 1 (0.21%) PCI DSS
4 1 (0.21%) PSD2
System Software
1 84 (17.39%) Docker
2 18 (3.73%) GridGain
3 11 (2.28%) HDFS
4 8 (1.66%) Oracle RAC
5 2 (0.41%) Virtual Machines
6 1 (0.21%) vCloud
Systems Management
1 38 (7.87%) Kubernetes
2 24 (4.97%) Ansible
3 20 (4.14%) Terraform
4 10 (2.07%) Opscode Chef
5 9 (1.86%) Puppet
6 6 (1.24%) Docker Swarm
6 6 (1.24%) Rancher
7 4 (0.83%) Cobbler
8 3 (0.62%) Hadoop YARN
8 3 (0.62%) Kibana
8 3 (0.62%) logstash
9 1 (0.21%) Control-M
Vendors
1 146 (30.23%) Oracle
2 29 (6.00%) Google
3 23 (4.76%) Red Hat
4 21 (4.35%) Rakuten
5 16 (3.31%) SAP
6 13 (2.69%) IBM
7 9 (1.86%) hybris
8 8 (1.66%) Adobe
8 8 (1.66%) Alteryx
8 8 (1.66%) Apple
8 8 (1.66%) Tableau
9 6 (1.24%) TIBCO
10 4 (0.83%) Microsoft
10 4 (0.83%) Salesforce.com
11 3 (0.62%) Birst
11 3 (0.62%) Informatica
11 3 (0.62%) MuleSoft
11 3 (0.62%) WSO2
12 2 (0.41%) Facebook
12 2 (0.41%) Peoplefluent