The table below looks at the statistics for COBOL skills in IT jobs advertised across the UK. Included is a guide to the salaries offered in IT jobs that have cited COBOL over the 3 months to 28 August 2016 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

3 months to
28 Aug 2016
Same period 2015 Same period 2014
COBOL
Rank 795 759 831
Rank change year-on-year
-36 +72
Permanent jobs citing COBOL 104 218 163
As % of all permanent IT jobs located in the UK 0.11% 0.20% 0.14%
As % of the Programming Languages category 0.21% 0.39% 0.27%
Number of salaries quoted 72 151 118
Median salary £50,000 £45,000 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year
+11.11% -5.26%
90% offered a salary of more than £25,000 £35,000 £27,500
10% offered a salary of more than £60,000 £60,000 £60,000
UK excluding London median salary £45,750 £45,000 £42,500
% change year-on-year
+1.66% +5.88%

The following table is for comparison with the above and provides statistics for the entire Programming Languages category in permanent jobs advertised across the UK.

Programming Languages Category
UK
Permanent IT job ads with a match in the
Programming Languages category
50665 55816 59290
As % of all permanent IT jobs located in the UK 52.56% 51.03% 51.02%
Number of salaries quoted 43867 47651 49702
Median salary £47,500 £45,000 £42,500
Median salary % change year-on-year
+5.55% +5.88%
90% offered a salary of more than £30,000 £30,000 £29,000
10% offered a salary of more than £72,500 £65,000 £70,000
UK excluding London median salary £42,500 £40,000 £40,000
% change year-on-year
+6.25% -

COBOL
Jobs Demand Trend

The demand trend of job ads citing COBOL as a proportion of all IT jobs with a match in the Programming Languages category.

COBOL Jobs Demand Trend in the UK

COBOL
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing COBOL within the UK.

COBOL Salary Trend in the UK

COBOL
Salary Histogram

This chart provides a salary histogram for IT jobs citing COBOL over the 3 months to 28 August 2016 within the UK.

COBOL Salary Histogram in the UK

COBOL
Top 30 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing COBOL within the UK over the 3 months to 28 August 2016. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 3 month period last year.

Location
(Click see detailed
statistics and trends)
Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Last 3 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -49 96 £50,000 +11.11% 8
South East +16 47 £50,000 +16.95% 3
Surrey +47 18 £50,000 - 1
Berkshire - 15 £55,000 - 2
North West +7 10 £35,000 -28.20% 2
London -1 10 £70,000 +27.27% 1
Yorkshire +30 9 £22,000 -51.11% 1
East Midlands -12 9 £38,500 -9.41%
Newbury - 9 £55,000 - 1
Scotland +23 8 £35,250 -19.88%
Glasgow +17 8 £35,250 -
Harrogate - 8 £22,000 -
North Yorkshire - 8 £22,000 -
East of England +2 7 £28,000 -44.00% 1
Leicestershire +1 6 - -
Manchester -17 6 - - 1
South West 0 5 £35,000 -17.64%
Cheshire +34 4 £35,000 -10.82%
Knutsford +26 4 £35,000 -9.09%
Kent +22 4 £48,000 +11.62%
Gloucestershire -4 4 £35,000 -
West Sussex -16 4 £46,500 +16.25%
Oxfordshire - 4 £45,000 -
Tewkesbury - 4 £35,000 -
Banbury - 4 £45,000 -
Brentwood -4 3 - -
Essex -4 3 - - 1
Slough - 3 - -
Tyne and Wear - 3 £35,000 -
Newcastle upon Tyne - 3 £35,000 -

COBOL
Top 30 Related IT Skills

For the 6 months to 28 August 2016, IT jobs citing COBOL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all job ads with a requirement for COBOL.

1 170 (65.89%) Mainframe
2 126 (48.84%) DB2
3 114 (44.19%) JCL
4 111 (43.02%) Java
5 103 (39.92%) Finance
6 94 (36.43%) IBM
7 93 (36.05%) CICS
7 93 (36.05%) SQL
8 71 (27.52%) Agile Software Development
9 66 (25.58%) VSAM
10 59 (22.87%) SDLC
11 53 (20.54%) Unix
12 48 (18.60%) Degree
13 46 (17.83%) RAD
14 44 (17.05%) Oracle
15 41 (15.89%) XML
15 41 (15.89%) IBM Mainframe
16 35 (13.57%) Integration Testing
16 35 (13.57%) Waterfall
16 35 (13.57%) REXX
17 34 (13.18%) HP
17 34 (13.18%) Computer Science
17 34 (13.18%) Banking
18 33 (12.79%) Automated Testing
18 33 (12.79%) Software Engineering
19 31 (12.02%) TDD
19 31 (12.02%) Enterprise Software
20 30 (11.63%) C#
21 29 (11.24%) Analytical Skills
22 28 (10.85%) HTML

COBOL
Top Related IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 93 (36.05%) CICS
2 21 (8.14%) IIS
3 8 (3.10%) Tomcat
4 7 (2.71%) OpenROAD
5 4 (1.55%) StreamWeaver
5 4 (1.55%) WebSphere
6 3 (1.16%) Exstream Dialogue
6 3 (1.16%) MQSeries
7 2 (0.78%) Adobe Experience Manager
7 2 (0.78%) SAS
7 2 (0.78%) SharePoint
8 1 (0.39%) SharePoint 2013
8 1 (0.39%) TPMS
Applications
1 8 (3.10%) MS Office
2 6 (2.33%) MS Excel
Business Applications
1 25 (9.69%) VisionPLUS
2 8 (3.10%) BASE24
3 4 (1.55%) Dynamics AX
4 3 (1.16%) Exstream
4 3 (1.16%) Remedy ITSM
5 2 (0.78%) SAP IS-U
6 1 (0.39%) Oracle BPM
Cloud Services
1 4 (1.55%) Microsoft Azure
2 2 (0.78%) Amazon AWS
Communications & Networking
1 11 (4.26%) TCP/IP
2 7 (2.71%) ATM
2 7 (2.71%) FTP
3 5 (1.94%) HTTP
4 3 (1.16%) Firewall
5 1 (0.39%) PuTTY
5 1 (0.39%) SSH
5 1 (0.39%) Telnet
Database & Business Intelligence
1 126 (48.84%) DB2
2 12 (4.65%) NonStop SQL
2 12 (4.65%) Relational Database
3 9 (3.49%) SQL Server
4 8 (3.10%) Oracle Database
5 6 (2.33%) Oracle Database 11g
6 5 (1.94%) Informix
7 4 (1.55%) Easytrieve
7 4 (1.55%) MongoDB
7 4 (1.55%) UniData
8 3 (1.16%) Data Mining
8 3 (1.16%) DataStage
8 3 (1.16%) MS Access
8 3 (1.16%) RDBMS
9 2 (0.78%) Apache Hive
9 2 (0.78%) Data Warehouse
9 2 (0.78%) MySQL
10 1 (0.39%) Big Data
10 1 (0.39%) IDMS
10 1 (0.39%) Oracle Reports
Development Applications
1 15 (5.81%) Team Foundation Server
2 10 (3.88%) JMeter
2 10 (3.88%) LoadRunner
3 9 (3.49%) Eclipse
3 9 (3.49%) JUnit
3 9 (3.49%) Oracle Forms
4 7 (2.71%) PowerBuilder
4 7 (2.71%) PROIV
4 7 (2.71%) Selenium
4 7 (2.71%) Selenium IDE
4 7 (2.71%) WebDriver
5 6 (2.33%) Maven
6 4 (1.55%) Git (software)
6 4 (1.55%) MSBuild
6 4 (1.55%) Toad
6 4 (1.55%) XPEDITER
7 3 (1.16%) Fiddler
7 3 (1.16%) Firebug
7 3 (1.16%) The Grinder
8 2 (0.78%) Subversion
General
1 103 (39.92%) Finance
2 34 (13.18%) Banking
3 22 (8.53%) Retail
4 17 (6.59%) Financial Institution
5 8 (3.10%) Music Industry
6 5 (1.94%) Marketing
7 1 (0.39%) Billing
7 1 (0.39%) Legal
7 1 (0.39%) Spanish Language
Job Titles
1 125 (48.45%) Developer
2 52 (20.16%) COBOL Developer
3 34 (13.18%) Analyst
4 32 (12.40%) Java Developer
5 29 (11.24%) DB2 Developer
6 26 (10.08%) Mainframe Developer
7 23 (8.91%) Software Engineer
8 17 (6.59%) Software Developer
8 17 (6.59%) Technical Leader
9 16 (6.20%) QA Engineer
10 15 (5.81%) CICS Engineer
10 15 (5.81%) Mainframe Software Engineer
11 14 (5.43%) Programmer
11 14 (5.43%) QA Test Engineer
11 14 (5.43%) Team Leader
11 14 (5.43%) Technical Team Leader
11 14 (5.43%) Test Engineer
12 12 (4.65%) Analyst Programmer
13 11 (4.26%) COBOL Analyst
14 9 (3.49%) Applications Support
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 41 (15.89%) XML
2 28 (10.85%) HTML
3 27 (10.47%) Spring
3 27 (10.47%) Web Services
4 20 (7.75%) .NET
5 12 (4.65%) JSP
6 11 (4.26%) HTML5
7 9 (3.49%) JSON
8 7 (2.71%) J2EE
9 5 (1.94%) ASP.NET
9 5 (1.94%) ISPF
10 4 (1.55%) PhoneGap
11 3 (1.16%) CGI
11 3 (1.16%) Middleware
11 3 (1.16%) SOAP
12 2 (0.78%) BAPI
12 2 (0.78%) REST
12 2 (0.78%) SAP Smart Forms
12 2 (0.78%) Web Dynpro
12 2 (0.78%) WinForms
Miscellaneous
1 170 (65.89%) Mainframe
2 66 (25.58%) VSAM
3 41 (15.89%) IBM Mainframe
4 34 (13.18%) Computer Science
5 31 (12.02%) Enterprise Software
6 29 (11.24%) Analytical Skills
7 18 (6.98%) AS400
8 16 (6.20%) iSeries
9 8 (3.10%) Algorithms
10 7 (2.71%) Tandem
11 6 (2.33%) Social Media
12 5 (1.94%) Data Structures
12 5 (1.94%) VAX
12 5 (1.94%) Visualisation
13 4 (1.55%) Client/Server
13 4 (1.55%) Derivative
13 4 (1.55%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
14 3 (1.16%) SWIFT
15 2 (0.78%) DataPower
15 2 (0.78%) User Experience
Operating Systems
1 53 (20.54%) Unix
2 18 (6.98%) Windows
3 16 (6.20%) MVS
4 13 (5.04%) zOS
5 7 (2.71%) Android
5 7 (2.71%) Apple iOS
5 7 (2.71%) Linux
5 7 (2.71%) OS/390
6 4 (1.55%) VME
7 3 (1.16%) OpenVMS
8 2 (0.78%) Windows 7
8 2 (0.78%) Windows Server
9 1 (0.39%) AIX
9 1 (0.39%) VMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 71 (27.52%) Agile Software Development
2 59 (22.87%) SDLC
3 46 (17.83%) RAD
4 35 (13.57%) Integration Testing
4 35 (13.57%) Waterfall
5 33 (12.79%) Automated Testing
5 33 (12.79%) Software Engineering
6 31 (12.02%) TDD
7 26 (10.08%) Unit Testing
7 26 (10.08%) User Stories
8 25 (9.69%) Regression Testing
9 23 (8.91%) Continuous Improvement
9 23 (8.91%) Functional Testing
9 23 (8.91%) System Integration Testing
10 17 (6.59%) OO
11 16 (6.20%) Scrum
12 15 (5.81%) Manual Testing
12 15 (5.81%) UML
13 10 (3.88%) BDD
13 10 (3.88%) Project Management
Programming Languages
1 114 (44.19%) JCL
2 111 (43.02%) Java
3 93 (36.05%) SQL
4 35 (13.57%) REXX
5 30 (11.63%) C#
6 25 (9.69%) C++
7 22 (8.53%) CLIST
8 20 (7.75%) JavaScript
9 17 (6.59%) PL/SQL
9 17 (6.59%) VB
10 16 (6.20%) C
11 12 (4.65%) RPG
12 7 (2.71%) Clipper
12 7 (2.71%) DataFlex
12 7 (2.71%) LINC
12 7 (2.71%) Shell Script
12 7 (2.71%) Uniface
12 7 (2.71%) xBase
13 6 (2.33%) Fortran
14 5 (1.94%) FoxPro (VFP)
Qualifications
1 48 (18.60%) Degree
2 23 (8.91%) ISTQB
3 21 (8.14%) ISEB
4 3 (1.16%) OCA
4 3 (1.16%) Oracle Certification
5 2 (0.78%) PMI Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 28 (10.85%) QA
2 7 (2.71%) ISO 8583
3 4 (1.55%) FATCA
3 4 (1.55%) MiFID
System Software
1 6 (2.33%) Time Sharing Option
Systems Management
1 19 (7.36%) HP Quality Center
2 4 (1.55%) CA Endevor
3 3 (1.16%) ServiceCenter
4 2 (0.78%) Control-M
5 1 (0.39%) OMEGAMON
Vendors
1 94 (36.43%) IBM
2 44 (17.05%) Oracle
3 34 (13.18%) HP
4 22 (8.53%) TSYS
5 20 (7.75%) Cognizant
6 18 (6.98%) Microsoft
7 9 (3.49%) Micro Focus
8 6 (2.33%) JD Edwards
9 5 (1.94%) Informatica
10 4 (1.55%) Pega
10 4 (1.55%) Remedy
10 4 (1.55%) Syncsort
11 3 (1.16%) BMC
11 3 (1.16%) Rally
12 2 (0.78%) Fujitsu
12 2 (0.78%) hybris
12 2 (0.78%) SAP
13 1 (0.39%) ICL
13 1 (0.39%) Unisys
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