Period
to 3 June 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in Central London with a requirement for Spring skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Spring over the 6 months to 3 June 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Pivotal Spring Framework
London > Central London
6 months to
3 Jun 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 59 48 63
Rank change year-on-year -11 +15 +2
Contract jobs citing Spring 137 387 363
As % of all contract jobs advertised in Central London 3.75% 4.66% 3.97%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 11.12% 11.74% 10.08%
Number of daily rates quoted 116 307 317
Median daily rate £550 £550 £525
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +4.76% +5.00%
10th Percentile £422 £425 £425
90th Percentile £650 £686 £625
London median daily rate £550 £550 £525
% change year-on-year - +4.76% +5.00%
Number of hourly rates quoted 3 0 0
Median hourly rate £55.00 - -
London median hourly rate £35.00 £42.50 £30.00
% change year-on-year -17.65% +41.67% -25.00%

Spring is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in Central London with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
Central London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 1,232 3,296 3,600
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in Central London 33.75% 39.73% 39.40%
Number of daily rates quoted 899 2,624 2,924
Median daily rate £525 £525 £513
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +2.44% +5.13%
10th Percentile £375 £406 £363
90th Percentile £675 £675 £650
London median daily rate £530 £525 £500
% change year-on-year +0.95% +5.00% +5.26%
Number of hourly rates quoted 16 12 16
Median hourly rate £35.00 £46.85 £22.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -25.29% +112.94% -11.50%
10th Percentile £24.50 £32.50 £21.13
90th Percentile £59.38 £69.08 £127.50
Median hourly rate £35.00 £44.57 £43.71
% change year-on-year -21.46% +1.96% -0.66%

Spring
Job Vacancy Trend in Central London

Job postings citing Spring as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in Central London.

Job vacancy trend for Spring in Central London

Spring
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in Central London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Spring in Central London.

Daily rate trend for Spring in Central London

Spring
Daily Rate Histogram in Central London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Spring in Central London over the 6 months to 3 June 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Spring in Central London

Spring
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in Central London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Spring in Central London.

Hourly rate trend for Spring in Central London

Spring
Hourly Rate Histogram in Central London

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Spring in Central London over the 6 months to 3 June 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for Spring in Central London

Spring
Contract Job Locations in Central London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Spring within the Central London region over the 6 months to 3 June 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
City of London -9 117 £550 - 17
West End of London +17 3 - -
City of Westminster +27 2 £675 +3.85%
Spring
London

For the 6 months to 3 June 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Spring also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the Central London region with a requirement for Spring.

1 126 (91.97%) Java
2 80 (58.39%) Agile Software Development
3 76 (55.47%) Microservices
4 61 (44.53%) Spring Boot
5 50 (36.50%) TDD
6 41 (29.93%) Docker
7 38 (27.74%) Java 8
7 38 (27.74%) AWS
8 35 (25.55%) Kafka
9 32 (23.36%) RESTful
9 32 (23.36%) Kubernetes
10 30 (21.90%) REST
11 28 (20.44%) BDD
12 27 (19.71%) Finance
13 25 (18.25%) AngularJS
14 24 (17.52%) Maven
14 24 (17.52%) JUnit
14 24 (17.52%) Kotlin
15 21 (15.33%) SDLC
15 21 (15.33%) SQL
15 21 (15.33%) Gradle
15 21 (15.33%) Azure
16 20 (14.60%) Continuous Integration
16 20 (14.60%) JavaScript
17 18 (13.14%) Jenkins
17 18 (13.14%) DevOps
17 18 (13.14%) Fintech
18 17 (12.41%) Web Services
18 17 (12.41%) Scrum
19 15 (10.95%) Pair Programming

Spring
Co-occurring IT Skills in Central London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 15 (10.95%) Apache Spark
2 12 (8.76%) Elasticsearch
3 6 (4.38%) WebLogic
4 4 (2.92%) Apache
4 4 (2.92%) Cloud Foundry
4 4 (2.92%) WebSphere
5 3 (2.19%) Anypoint
5 3 (2.19%) Confluence
6 2 (1.46%) Mule
6 2 (1.46%) Mule ESB
6 2 (1.46%) Tomcat
7 1 (0.73%) Apache Solr
7 1 (0.73%) Camunda
Applications
1 2 (1.46%) Microsoft Office
Cloud Services
1 38 (27.74%) AWS
2 21 (15.33%) Azure
3 13 (9.49%) GCP
4 10 (7.30%) GitHub
5 5 (3.65%) Amazon EC2
6 4 (2.92%) SaaS
7 2 (1.46%) Amazon CloudWatch
7 2 (1.46%) Amazon Kinesis
7 2 (1.46%) Amazon S3
7 2 (1.46%) Amazon SageMaker
7 2 (1.46%) AWS Fargate
7 2 (1.46%) AWS Lambda
7 2 (1.46%) OpenShift
8 1 (0.73%) Cloud Computing
8 1 (0.73%) Google Play
8 1 (0.73%) Heroku
8 1 (0.73%) IaaS
Communications & Networking
1 12 (8.76%) SSL
2 9 (6.57%) HTTP
3 8 (5.84%) HTTPS
4 4 (2.92%) TCP/IP
5 3 (2.19%) DNS
5 3 (2.19%) FTP
6 1 (0.73%) DSL
Database & Business Intelligence
1 15 (10.95%) NoSQL
2 8 (5.84%) MySQL
2 8 (5.84%) PostgreSQL
3 6 (4.38%) Apache Cassandra
3 6 (4.38%) Big Data
3 6 (4.38%) Hadoop
3 6 (4.38%) MongoDB
4 5 (3.65%) Redis
4 5 (3.65%) Relational Database
5 4 (2.92%) Amazon RDS
5 4 (2.92%) Oracle Database
6 3 (2.19%) Flink
7 2 (1.46%) Amazon Aurora
7 2 (1.46%) Amazon DynamoDB
7 2 (1.46%) Oracle Database 12c
7 2 (1.46%) Oracle Exadata
7 2 (1.46%) Parquet
7 2 (1.46%) SQL Server
8 1 (0.73%) Apache Hive
8 1 (0.73%) Oracle OWB
Development Applications
1 24 (17.52%) JUnit
1 24 (17.52%) Maven
2 21 (15.33%) Gradle
3 18 (13.14%) Jenkins
4 15 (10.95%) Mockito
5 14 (10.22%) Git (software)
6 7 (5.11%) GitLab
7 5 (3.65%) Ant
7 5 (3.65%) SonarQube
8 4 (2.92%) Atlassian Bamboo
8 4 (2.92%) Cucumber
8 4 (2.92%) git-flow
8 4 (2.92%) JIRA
8 4 (2.92%) JMeter
8 4 (2.92%) Postman
8 4 (2.92%) SoapUI
8 4 (2.92%) Xcode
9 3 (2.19%) TeamCity
10 2 (1.46%) Bitbucket
10 2 (1.46%) Visual Studio
General
1 27 (19.71%) Finance
2 15 (10.95%) Banking
3 10 (7.30%) Front Office
4 9 (6.57%) Games
5 6 (4.38%) Investment Banking
5 6 (4.38%) Retail
6 5 (3.65%) Financial Institution
7 2 (1.46%) Public Sector
8 1 (0.73%) Law
8 1 (0.73%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 113 (82.48%) Developer
2 97 (70.80%) Java Developer
3 12 (8.76%) AWS Developer
3 12 (8.76%) Full Stack Developer
4 10 (7.30%) Backend Developer
5 8 (5.84%) Java Engineer
5 8 (5.84%) Senior Developer
6 6 (4.38%) Agile Developer
6 6 (4.38%) Agile Java Developer
7 5 (3.65%) Angular Developer
7 5 (3.65%) Java Developer - Fintech
7 5 (3.65%) Java Mobile Developer
7 5 (3.65%) Senior Java Developer
8 4 (2.92%) Applications Developer
8 4 (2.92%) DevOps Developer
8 4 (2.92%) Java Applications Developer
8 4 (2.92%) Software Engineer
9 3 (2.19%) Architect
9 3 (2.19%) HTML Developer
9 3 (2.19%) Java Software Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 61 (44.53%) Spring Boot
2 35 (25.55%) Kafka
3 32 (23.36%) RESTful
4 30 (21.90%) REST
5 25 (18.25%) AngularJS
6 17 (12.41%) Web Services
7 15 (10.95%) J2EE
7 15 (10.95%) Spring Cloud
8 14 (10.22%) Hibernate
8 14 (10.22%) HTML
8 14 (10.22%) React
8 14 (10.22%) SOAP
9 11 (8.03%) CSS
9 11 (8.03%) Guice
10 9 (6.57%) HTML5
11 8 (5.84%) JAAS
11 8 (5.84%) OAuth
11 8 (5.84%) Spring Security
12 7 (5.11%) GraphQL
12 7 (5.11%) OAuth2
Miscellaneous
1 13 (9.49%) Greenfield Project
2 10 (7.30%) Enterprise Software
3 8 (5.84%) Mobile App
4 6 (4.38%) User Experience
5 5 (3.65%) Analytical Skills
5 5 (3.65%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
6 4 (2.92%) Derivative
7 3 (2.19%) Cloud Native
7 3 (2.19%) Credit Risk
7 3 (2.19%) Data Structures
7 3 (2.19%) Equities
7 3 (2.19%) Market Risk
7 3 (2.19%) Mobile Payment
7 3 (2.19%) Self-Motivation
8 2 (1.46%) Fixed Income
8 2 (1.46%) Hedge funds
8 2 (1.46%) NHS
8 2 (1.46%) Replication
9 1 (0.73%) Credit Derivative
9 1 (0.73%) Grid Computing
Operating Systems
1 11 (8.03%) Linux
2 4 (2.92%) Unix
3 2 (1.46%) Apple iOS
4 1 (0.73%) Android
4 1 (0.73%) Oracle Linux
4 1 (0.73%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
4 1 (0.73%) Solaris
4 1 (0.73%) Ubuntu
4 1 (0.73%) Windows
Processes & Methodologies
1 80 (58.39%) Agile Software Development
2 76 (55.47%) Microservices
3 50 (36.50%) TDD
4 28 (20.44%) BDD
5 21 (15.33%) SDLC
6 20 (14.60%) Continuous Integration
7 18 (13.14%) DevOps
7 18 (13.14%) Fintech
8 17 (12.41%) Scrum
9 15 (10.95%) Pair Programming
10 14 (10.22%) Software Engineering
11 13 (9.49%) Test Automation
12 12 (8.76%) Multithreading
13 11 (8.03%) Continuous Delivery
14 10 (7.30%) E-Commerce
15 9 (6.57%) Computer Science
15 9 (6.57%) Open Source
16 8 (5.84%) AOP
16 8 (5.84%) Dependency Injection
17 7 (5.11%) Validation
Programming Languages
1 126 (91.97%) Java
2 38 (27.74%) Java 8
3 24 (17.52%) Kotlin
4 21 (15.33%) SQL
5 20 (14.60%) JavaScript
6 12 (8.76%) Scala
7 11 (8.03%) Python
8 7 (5.11%) TypeScript
9 5 (3.65%) Groovy
10 4 (2.92%) C#
10 4 (2.92%) R
11 2 (1.46%) C
11 2 (1.46%) PL/SQL
11 2 (1.46%) Shell Script
12 1 (0.73%) C++
12 1 (0.73%) ES6
12 1 (0.73%) Haskell
12 1 (0.73%) Java 9
12 1 (0.73%) PHP
Qualifications
1 5 (3.65%) Degree
2 4 (2.92%) Computer Science Degree
3 2 (1.46%) Security Cleared
4 1 (0.73%) Master's Degree
4 1 (0.73%) SC Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 2 (1.46%) ISO/IEC 20000
System Software
1 41 (29.93%) Docker
2 2 (1.46%) Oracle RAC
3 1 (0.73%) Active Directory
3 1 (0.73%) HDFS
3 1 (0.73%) Virtual Servers
3 1 (0.73%) VMware Infrastructure
3 1 (0.73%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 32 (23.36%) Kubernetes
2 4 (2.92%) Ansible
2 4 (2.92%) Prometheus
2 4 (2.92%) Terraform
3 3 (2.19%) Docker Swarm
3 3 (2.19%) Zipkin
4 2 (1.46%) Data Guard
4 2 (1.46%) linkerd
4 2 (1.46%) Oracle RMAN
4 2 (1.46%) Puppet
5 1 (0.73%) Grafana
5 1 (0.73%) Hadoop YARN
5 1 (0.73%) Kibana
5 1 (0.73%) logstash
5 1 (0.73%) Opscode Chef
5 1 (0.73%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
Vendors
1 10 (7.30%) Oracle
2 5 (3.65%) MuleSoft
3 4 (2.92%) Microsoft
4 3 (2.19%) Salesforce.com
5 2 (1.46%) MapR
5 2 (1.46%) Splunk
6 1 (0.73%) Bloomberg
6 1 (0.73%) Broadcom
6 1 (0.73%) CA
6 1 (0.73%) CA Agile Central
6 1 (0.73%) Databricks
6 1 (0.73%) Foundry
6 1 (0.73%) Google
6 1 (0.73%) HP
6 1 (0.73%) IBM
6 1 (0.73%) Okta
6 1 (0.73%) Perforce
6 1 (0.73%) Red Hat
6 1 (0.73%) TOWER Software
6 1 (0.73%) VMware