Period
to 7 December 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in Central London with a requirement for Spring skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Spring over the 6 months to 7 December 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Pivotal Spring Framework
London > Central London
6 months to
7 Dec 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 67 48 66
Rank change year-on-year -19 +18 +34
Contract jobs citing Spring 257 460 315
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in Central London 3.60% 4.94% 3.64%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 9.98% 12.11% 9.66%
Number of daily rates quoted 219 408 272
Central London median daily rate £550 £550 £513
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +7.32% +7.89%
10th Percentile £438 £425 £363
90th Percentile £688 £652 £638
London median daily rate £550 £550 £525
% change year-on-year - +4.76% +7.69%
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 0 0
Central London median hourly rate - - -
London median hourly rate £35.00 £35.00 £40.00
% change year-on-year - -12.50% -

Spring is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in Central London with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
Central London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 2,576 3,798 3,261
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in Central London 36.07% 40.78% 37.65%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,061 3,110 2,708
Central London median daily rate £525 £525 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.00% +5.26%
10th Percentile £381 £378 £360
90th Percentile £675 £650 £650
London median daily rate £525 £525 £500
% change year-on-year - +5.00% +6.38%
Number of hourly rates quoted 4 4 14
Central London median hourly rate £43.50 £27.00 £21.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +61.11% +25.58% -38.57%
10th Percentile £25.38 £15.35 £18.65
90th Percentile £62.15 £81.03 £29.89
London median hourly rate £47.83 £39.38 £29.00
% change year-on-year +21.47% +35.78% -27.50%

Spring
Job Vacancy Trend in Central London

Job postings citing Spring as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in Central London.

Job vacancy trend for Spring in Central London

Spring
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in Central London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Spring in Central London.

Contractor daily rate trend for Spring in Central London

Spring
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in Central London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Spring in Central London over the 6 months to 7 December 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Spring in Central London

Spring
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in Central London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Spring in Central London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Spring in Central London

Spring
Contract Job Locations in Central London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Spring within the Central London region over the 6 months to 7 December 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
City of London -4 222 £550 - 114
City of Westminster -15 4 £531 -3.41%
Spring
London

For the 6 months to 7 December 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Spring also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the Central London region with a requirement for Spring.

1 237 (92.22%) Java
2 142 (55.25%) Agile Software Development
3 124 (48.25%) Microservices
4 117 (45.53%) Spring Boot
5 105 (40.86%) TDD
6 71 (27.63%) AWS
6 71 (27.63%) Docker
7 68 (26.46%) JavaScript
8 66 (25.68%) Finance
8 66 (25.68%) Java 8
9 62 (24.12%) Kafka
10 56 (21.79%) Kubernetes
11 52 (20.23%) Jenkins
12 50 (19.46%) BDD
12 50 (19.46%) REST
13 46 (17.90%) AngularJS
14 45 (17.51%) DevOps
15 40 (15.56%) HTML
15 40 (15.56%) SQL
16 38 (14.79%) CSS
16 38 (14.79%) Git (software)
17 36 (14.01%) Hibernate
18 35 (13.62%) Software Engineering
19 34 (13.23%) RESTful
20 33 (12.84%) Python
21 32 (12.45%) NoSQL
22 31 (12.06%) Linux
22 31 (12.06%) Web Services
22 31 (12.06%) Maven
23 29 (11.28%) Scala

Spring
Co-occurring IT Skills in Central London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 20 (7.78%) Apache Spark
2 16 (6.23%) JBoss
3 14 (5.45%) Elasticsearch
4 10 (3.89%) Confluence
4 10 (3.89%) Tomcat
5 9 (3.50%) Jetty
6 8 (3.11%) Apache
7 7 (2.72%) WebLogic
8 6 (2.33%) WebSphere
9 2 (0.78%) Cloud Foundry
9 2 (0.78%) CMS
9 2 (0.78%) Magnolia
9 2 (0.78%) Oracle Self-Service HR
9 2 (0.78%) Oracle Workflow
9 2 (0.78%) SAP Portal
10 1 (0.39%) BizTalk Server
10 1 (0.39%) Drupal
10 1 (0.39%) Jupyter
10 1 (0.39%) Oracle Service Bus
10 1 (0.39%) WildFly
Applications
1 2 (0.78%) Microsoft Excel
Business Applications
1 2 (0.78%) BusinessWorks
2 1 (0.39%) Dynamics CRM
Cloud Services
1 71 (27.63%) AWS
2 15 (5.84%) Azure
3 14 (5.45%) GitHub
4 11 (4.28%) GCP
5 4 (1.56%) AWS Lambda
5 4 (1.56%) OpenShift
6 3 (1.17%) Amazon SQS
6 3 (1.17%) Google Compute Engine
6 3 (1.17%) Serverless
7 2 (0.78%) Amazon S3
8 1 (0.39%) Amazon CloudWatch
8 1 (0.39%) Amazon EC2
8 1 (0.39%) AWS CloudFormation
8 1 (0.39%) Cloud Computing
8 1 (0.39%) Datadog
8 1 (0.39%) Dynamics 365
8 1 (0.39%) PaaS
8 1 (0.39%) SaaS
8 1 (0.39%) Slack
8 1 (0.39%) Trello
Communications & Networking
1 18 (7.00%) HTTP
2 10 (3.89%) FTP
2 10 (3.89%) TCP/IP
3 9 (3.50%) DNS
3 9 (3.50%) SSL
4 4 (1.56%) Internet
4 4 (1.56%) SSH
5 3 (1.17%) Remote Desktop
6 1 (0.39%) Kerberos
6 1 (0.39%) SMTP
6 1 (0.39%) Wireshark
Database & Business Intelligence
1 32 (12.45%) NoSQL
2 26 (10.12%) Hadoop
3 21 (8.17%) MongoDB
4 15 (5.84%) MySQL
5 12 (4.67%) HBase
5 12 (4.67%) PostgreSQL
6 10 (3.89%) Big Data
7 9 (3.50%) Apache Cassandra
7 9 (3.50%) Flink
8 8 (3.11%) Apache Hive
9 6 (2.33%) Oracle Database
10 5 (1.95%) Relational Database
11 4 (1.56%) Redis
11 4 (1.56%) SQL Server
12 3 (1.17%) Blockchain
13 2 (0.78%) RDBMS
13 2 (0.78%) SAP HANA
14 1 (0.39%) DB2
14 1 (0.39%) Impala
14 1 (0.39%) SQL Server Reporting Services
Development Applications
1 52 (20.23%) Jenkins
2 38 (14.79%) Git (software)
3 31 (12.06%) Maven
4 26 (10.12%) JUnit
5 25 (9.73%) Gradle
6 16 (6.23%) JIRA
6 16 (6.23%) Mockito
7 12 (4.67%) Atlassian Bamboo
7 12 (4.67%) Cucumber
8 11 (4.28%) Bitbucket
8 11 (4.28%) GitLab
8 11 (4.28%) Selenium
9 9 (3.50%) Gatling
9 9 (3.50%) Geb
9 9 (3.50%) Spock
10 8 (3.11%) SonarQube
11 6 (2.33%) Ant
11 6 (2.33%) gulp
11 6 (2.33%) Subversion
11 6 (2.33%) Travis CI
General
1 66 (25.68%) Finance
2 27 (10.51%) Banking
3 10 (3.89%) Front Office
4 9 (3.50%) Investment Banking
5 7 (2.72%) Financial Institution
5 7 (2.72%) Retail Banking
6 6 (2.33%) Advertising
7 4 (1.56%) Games
8 3 (1.17%) Back Office
8 3 (1.17%) Marketing
8 3 (1.17%) Public Sector
8 3 (1.17%) Retail
9 2 (0.78%) Automotive
9 2 (0.78%) Legal
10 1 (0.39%) Aerospace
Job Titles
1 193 (75.10%) Developer
2 162 (63.04%) Java Developer
3 32 (12.45%) Full Stack Developer
4 25 (9.73%) Senior Developer
5 20 (7.78%) AWS Developer
6 19 (7.39%) Senior Java Developer
7 17 (6.61%) Java Engineer
8 13 (5.06%) Agile Developer
8 13 (5.06%) Agile Java Developer
9 12 (4.67%) React Developer
10 11 (4.28%) Architect
11 7 (2.72%) Software Developer
12 6 (2.33%) Hadoop Developer
12 6 (2.33%) Java Hadoop Developer
12 6 (2.33%) JavaScript Developer
12 6 (2.33%) Software Engineer
13 5 (1.95%) DevOps Developer
13 5 (1.95%) Solutions Architect
13 5 (1.95%) Tester
14 4 (1.56%) Senior Java Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 117 (45.53%) Spring Boot
2 62 (24.12%) Kafka
3 50 (19.46%) REST
4 46 (17.90%) AngularJS
5 40 (15.56%) HTML
6 38 (14.79%) CSS
7 36 (14.01%) Hibernate
8 34 (13.23%) RESTful
9 31 (12.06%) Web Services
10 28 (10.89%) React
11 26 (10.12%) Node.js
11 26 (10.12%) Spring Cloud
12 23 (8.95%) HTML5
13 21 (8.17%) JSON
14 20 (7.78%) SOAP
14 20 (7.78%) XML
15 17 (6.61%) J2EE
16 14 (5.45%) CSS3
16 14 (5.45%) Java EE
17 11 (4.28%) WireMock
Miscellaneous
1 25 (9.73%) Greenfield Project
2 21 (8.17%) Enterprise Software
3 15 (5.84%) User Experience
4 11 (4.28%) Analytical Skills
5 8 (3.11%) Mobile App
5 8 (3.11%) Self-Motivation
6 7 (2.72%) Linux Command Line
7 6 (2.33%) Data Structures
8 5 (1.95%) Algorithms
8 5 (1.95%) Mobile Payment
9 4 (1.56%) Derivative
9 4 (1.56%) Equities
10 3 (1.17%) Cloud Native
10 3 (1.17%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
11 2 (0.78%) Data Centre
11 2 (0.78%) Fixed Income
11 2 (0.78%) Public Cloud
12 1 (0.39%) Grid Computing
12 1 (0.39%) Mainframe
12 1 (0.39%) NHS
Operating Systems
1 31 (12.06%) Linux
2 18 (7.00%) Unix
3 6 (2.33%) Windows
4 4 (1.56%) Android
4 4 (1.56%) Apple iOS
4 4 (1.56%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 3 (1.17%) CentOS
5 3 (1.17%) Debian
5 3 (1.17%) Ubuntu
6 2 (0.78%) Mac OS X
Processes & Methodologies
1 142 (55.25%) Agile Software Development
2 124 (48.25%) Microservices
3 105 (40.86%) TDD
4 50 (19.46%) BDD
5 45 (17.51%) DevOps
6 35 (13.62%) Software Engineering
7 28 (10.89%) Test Automation
8 24 (9.34%) Computer Science
8 24 (9.34%) SDLC
9 23 (8.95%) Scrum
10 21 (8.17%) Fintech
11 19 (7.39%) E-Commerce
12 17 (6.61%) Continuous Integration
12 17 (6.61%) Digital Transformation Programme
13 16 (6.23%) Multithreading
14 15 (5.84%) Open Source
14 15 (5.84%) Pair Programming
15 14 (5.45%) Unit Testing
16 12 (4.67%) SOA
17 11 (4.28%) OWASP
Programming Languages
1 237 (92.22%) Java
2 68 (26.46%) JavaScript
3 66 (25.68%) Java 8
4 40 (15.56%) SQL
5 33 (12.84%) Python
6 29 (11.28%) Scala
7 21 (8.17%) TypeScript
8 15 (5.84%) Kotlin
9 9 (3.50%) PL/SQL
10 8 (3.11%) Bash Shell
10 8 (3.11%) C#
11 7 (2.72%) ES6
12 6 (2.33%) Perl
12 6 (2.33%) R
13 5 (1.95%) Clojure
13 5 (1.95%) Go
13 5 (1.95%) Ruby
14 4 (1.56%) C++
15 3 (1.17%) PHP
15 3 (1.17%) Shell Script
Qualifications
1 15 (5.84%) Degree
2 12 (4.67%) Security Cleared
3 7 (2.72%) Computer Science Degree
4 6 (2.33%) DV Cleared
4 6 (2.33%) SC Cleared
5 3 (1.17%) Master's Degree
6 1 (0.39%) BPSS Clearance
6 1 (0.39%) CTC Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 8 (3.11%) QA
2 1 (0.39%) EMIR
2 1 (0.39%) GDPR
2 1 (0.39%) ISO 20022
2 1 (0.39%) ISO 8583
2 1 (0.39%) MiFID
2 1 (0.39%) WCAG
System Software
1 71 (27.63%) Docker
2 6 (2.33%) HDFS
3 2 (0.78%) Apache ZooKeeper
Systems Management
1 56 (21.79%) Kubernetes
2 19 (7.39%) Terraform
3 18 (7.00%) Ansible
4 10 (3.89%) Puppet
5 9 (3.50%) Docker Swarm
6 8 (3.11%) Opscode Chef
7 7 (2.72%) Cobbler
8 6 (2.33%) Hadoop YARN
9 5 (1.95%) Grafana
9 5 (1.95%) Prometheus
10 3 (1.17%) Kibana
11 2 (0.78%) Consul
11 2 (0.78%) logstash
11 2 (0.78%) Salt
12 1 (0.39%) ITRS Geneos
12 1 (0.39%) Marathon
12 1 (0.39%) Mesos
12 1 (0.39%) SELinux
Vendors
1 21 (8.17%) Oracle
2 10 (3.89%) Google
3 7 (2.72%) Microsoft
4 4 (1.56%) Sybase
5 3 (1.17%) Bloomberg
5 3 (1.17%) Cloudera
5 3 (1.17%) MuleSoft
6 2 (0.78%) ForgeRock
6 2 (0.78%) Hortonworks
6 2 (0.78%) hybris
6 2 (0.78%) Perforce
6 2 (0.78%) Red Hat
6 2 (0.78%) Reuters
6 2 (0.78%) Salesforce.com
6 2 (0.78%) SAP
6 2 (0.78%) Splunk
6 2 (0.78%) TIBCO
7 1 (0.39%) MicroStrategy