Period
to 28 February 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in Central London with a requirement for Spring skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Spring over the 6 months to 28 February 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Pivotal Spring Framework
London > Central London
6 months to
28 Feb 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 59 47 60
Rank change year-on-year -12 +13 +26
Contract jobs citing Spring 213 444 359
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in Central London 3.63% 4.96% 3.98%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 10.46% 12.45% 10.37%
Number of daily rates quoted 180 353 315
Central London median daily rate £550 £550 £525
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +4.76% -
10th Percentile £425 £425 £375
90th Percentile £675 £675 £625
London median daily rate £550 £550 £525
% change year-on-year - +4.76% +5.00%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1 0 0
Central London median hourly rate £55.00 - -
London median hourly rate £35.00 £35.00 £35.00

Spring is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in Central London with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
Central London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 2,036 3,567 3,463
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in Central London 34.71% 39.87% 38.36%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,586 2,844 2,892
Central London median daily rate £525 £525 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.00% +5.26%
10th Percentile £375 £400 £363
90th Percentile £675 £650 £650
London median daily rate £525 £525 £500
% change year-on-year - +5.00% +5.26%
Number of hourly rates quoted 11 5 15
Central London median hourly rate £35.00 £35.00 £21.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - +62.79% -60.37%
10th Percentile £24.50 £15.80 £20.75
90th Percentile £65.00 £88.45 £139.50
London median hourly rate £47.83 £36.00 £33.77
% change year-on-year +32.86% +6.60% -25.78%

Spring
Job Vacancy Trend in Central London

Job postings citing Spring as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in Central London.

Job vacancy trend for Spring in Central London

Spring
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in Central London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Spring in Central London.

Contractor daily rate trend for Spring in Central London

Spring
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in Central London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Spring in Central London over the 6 months to 28 February 2020.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Spring in Central London

Spring
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in Central London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Spring in Central London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Spring in Central London

Spring
Contract Job Locations in Central London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Spring within the Central London region over the 6 months to 28 February 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
City of London -4 187 £550 - 105
City of Westminster -12 3 £675 +22.73%
Spring
London

For the 6 months to 28 February 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Spring also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the Central London region with a requirement for Spring.

1 198 (92.96%) Java
2 123 (57.75%) Agile Software Development
3 102 (47.89%) Microservices
4 96 (45.07%) Spring Boot
5 91 (42.72%) TDD
6 59 (27.70%) Java 8
7 57 (26.76%) Docker
8 53 (24.88%) Kafka
9 48 (22.54%) BDD
9 48 (22.54%) REST
10 46 (21.60%) Kubernetes
11 45 (21.13%) AWS
12 40 (18.78%) Jenkins
13 38 (17.84%) RESTful
13 38 (17.84%) JavaScript
14 36 (16.90%) Finance
14 36 (16.90%) AngularJS
15 33 (15.49%) JUnit
16 32 (15.02%) SQL
16 32 (15.02%) Gradle
16 32 (15.02%) DevOps
17 31 (14.55%) Web Services
17 31 (14.55%) Maven
18 30 (14.08%) Git (software)
19 27 (12.68%) HTML
20 26 (12.21%) Kotlin
20 26 (12.21%) Spring Cloud
21 25 (11.74%) CSS
21 25 (11.74%) Scrum
22 24 (11.27%) Software Engineering

Spring
Co-occurring IT Skills in Central London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 18 (8.45%) Elasticsearch
2 12 (5.63%) Apache Spark
3 8 (3.76%) WebLogic
3 8 (3.76%) WebSphere
4 6 (2.82%) Cloud Foundry
4 6 (2.82%) Confluence
5 4 (1.88%) JBoss
5 4 (1.88%) Tomcat
6 3 (1.41%) Apache
7 2 (0.94%) Anypoint
7 2 (0.94%) Jetty
7 2 (0.94%) Mule
7 2 (0.94%) Mule ESB
7 2 (0.94%) Oracle Workflow
7 2 (0.94%) SAP Portal
8 1 (0.47%) Camunda
8 1 (0.47%) CMS
8 1 (0.47%) Jupyter
8 1 (0.47%) Oracle Service Bus
Applications
1 2 (0.94%) Microsoft Office
Business Applications
1 1 (0.47%) BusinessWorks
Cloud Services
1 45 (21.13%) AWS
2 19 (8.92%) GitHub
3 14 (6.57%) Azure
4 8 (3.76%) GCP
5 5 (2.35%) Amazon EC2
6 3 (1.41%) Google Compute Engine
6 3 (1.41%) OpenShift
7 2 (0.94%) Amazon CloudWatch
7 2 (0.94%) Amazon S3
7 2 (0.94%) Amazon SageMaker
7 2 (0.94%) AWS Fargate
7 2 (0.94%) AWS Lambda
7 2 (0.94%) SaaS
8 1 (0.47%) Amazon SQS
8 1 (0.47%) Heroku
Communications & Networking
1 21 (9.86%) HTTP
2 11 (5.16%) TCP/IP
3 10 (4.69%) FTP
3 10 (4.69%) SSL
4 9 (4.23%) DNS
5 4 (1.88%) Internet
6 3 (1.41%) Remote Desktop
7 2 (0.94%) SSH
8 1 (0.47%) SMTP
8 1 (0.47%) Wireshark
Database & Business Intelligence
1 20 (9.39%) NoSQL
2 14 (6.57%) MongoDB
3 10 (4.69%) Hadoop
3 10 (4.69%) MySQL
4 7 (3.29%) Apache Cassandra
4 7 (3.29%) HBase
5 6 (2.82%) Big Data
5 6 (2.82%) PostgreSQL
6 4 (1.88%) Amazon RDS
6 4 (1.88%) Flink
6 4 (1.88%) Relational Database
7 3 (1.41%) Oracle Database
7 3 (1.41%) Redis
8 2 (0.94%) Amazon Aurora
8 2 (0.94%) SAP HANA
9 1 (0.47%) Cloudera CDH
9 1 (0.47%) FoundationDB
9 1 (0.47%) InfluxDB
9 1 (0.47%) Oracle Database 12c
9 1 (0.47%) Oracle Exadata
Development Applications
1 40 (18.78%) Jenkins
2 33 (15.49%) JUnit
3 32 (15.02%) Gradle
4 31 (14.55%) Maven
5 30 (14.08%) Git (software)
6 24 (11.27%) Mockito
7 12 (5.63%) GitLab
8 10 (4.69%) JIRA
9 8 (3.76%) Ant
9 8 (3.76%) Atlassian Bamboo
9 8 (3.76%) Gatling
9 8 (3.76%) Geb
9 8 (3.76%) git-flow
9 8 (3.76%) Spock
10 7 (3.29%) Cucumber
10 7 (3.29%) JMeter
11 6 (2.82%) Bitbucket
11 6 (2.82%) SonarQube
12 4 (1.88%) Postman
12 4 (1.88%) Travis CI
General
1 36 (16.90%) Finance
2 22 (10.33%) Banking
3 12 (5.63%) Front Office
4 11 (5.16%) Games
5 8 (3.76%) Investment Banking
6 5 (2.35%) Financial Institution
7 4 (1.88%) Retail Banking
8 2 (0.94%) Advertising
8 2 (0.94%) Automotive
8 2 (0.94%) Legal
8 2 (0.94%) Marketing
8 2 (0.94%) Retail
9 1 (0.47%) Law
Job Titles
1 176 (82.63%) Developer
2 148 (69.48%) Java Developer
3 21 (9.86%) AWS Developer
4 19 (8.92%) Full Stack Developer
5 18 (8.45%) Senior Developer
6 13 (6.10%) Agile Developer
6 13 (6.10%) Agile Java Developer
7 11 (5.16%) Backend Developer
7 11 (5.16%) Senior Java Developer
8 10 (4.69%) Java Engineer
9 6 (2.82%) Software Developer
10 5 (2.35%) Applications Developer
10 5 (2.35%) DevOps Developer
10 5 (2.35%) Java Mobile Developer
11 4 (1.88%) Angular Developer
11 4 (1.88%) Architect
11 4 (1.88%) Hadoop Developer
11 4 (1.88%) Java Developer - Fintech
11 4 (1.88%) Java Hadoop Developer
11 4 (1.88%) React Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 96 (45.07%) Spring Boot
2 53 (24.88%) Kafka
3 48 (22.54%) REST
4 38 (17.84%) RESTful
5 36 (16.90%) AngularJS
6 31 (14.55%) Web Services
7 27 (12.68%) HTML
8 26 (12.21%) Spring Cloud
9 25 (11.74%) CSS
10 23 (10.80%) SOAP
11 20 (9.39%) Hibernate
11 20 (9.39%) J2EE
12 19 (8.92%) React
13 18 (8.45%) HTML5
14 15 (7.04%) XML
15 14 (6.57%) .NET
15 14 (6.57%) OAuth
16 13 (6.10%) JSON
16 13 (6.10%) Node.js
16 13 (6.10%) OAuth2
Miscellaneous
1 19 (8.92%) Greenfield Project
2 18 (8.45%) Enterprise Software
3 12 (5.63%) Mobile App
4 11 (5.16%) Self-Motivation
5 9 (4.23%) User Experience
6 8 (3.76%) Analytical Skills
7 7 (3.29%) Mobile Payment
8 6 (2.82%) Data Structures
9 5 (2.35%) Cloud Native
9 5 (2.35%) Linux Command Line
10 4 (1.88%) Derivative
11 3 (1.41%) Algorithms
11 3 (1.41%) Equities
12 2 (0.94%) Data Centre
12 2 (0.94%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
12 2 (0.94%) NHS
12 2 (0.94%) Public Cloud
13 1 (0.47%) Fixed Income
13 1 (0.47%) Mainframe
13 1 (0.47%) Replication
Operating Systems
1 21 (9.86%) Linux
2 9 (4.23%) Unix
3 4 (1.88%) Windows
4 2 (0.94%) Apple iOS
4 2 (0.94%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
4 2 (0.94%) Ubuntu
5 1 (0.47%) Android
5 1 (0.47%) CentOS
5 1 (0.47%) Debian
5 1 (0.47%) Oracle Linux
5 1 (0.47%) Solaris
Processes & Methodologies
1 123 (57.75%) Agile Software Development
2 102 (47.89%) Microservices
3 91 (42.72%) TDD
4 48 (22.54%) BDD
5 32 (15.02%) DevOps
6 25 (11.74%) Scrum
7 24 (11.27%) Software Engineering
8 20 (9.39%) Fintech
8 20 (9.39%) SDLC
9 18 (8.45%) Computer Science
9 18 (8.45%) Continuous Integration
10 17 (7.98%) Open Source
10 17 (7.98%) Pair Programming
11 16 (7.51%) E-Commerce
12 15 (7.04%) Multithreading
12 15 (7.04%) Test Automation
13 12 (5.63%) Digital Transformation Programme
13 12 (5.63%) Unit Testing
14 10 (4.69%) Kanban
14 10 (4.69%) Web Development
Programming Languages
1 198 (92.96%) Java
2 59 (27.70%) Java 8
3 38 (17.84%) JavaScript
4 32 (15.02%) SQL
5 26 (12.21%) Kotlin
6 21 (9.86%) Python
6 21 (9.86%) Scala
7 16 (7.51%) TypeScript
8 9 (4.23%) C#
9 7 (3.29%) PL/SQL
10 5 (2.35%) R
11 4 (1.88%) Bash Shell
11 4 (1.88%) Groovy
12 3 (1.41%) Clojure
12 3 (1.41%) Go
13 2 (0.94%) C++
13 2 (0.94%) ES6
13 2 (0.94%) Ruby
14 1 (0.47%) C
14 1 (0.47%) Java 9
Qualifications
1 11 (5.16%) Degree
2 7 (3.29%) Security Cleared
3 6 (2.82%) Computer Science Degree
4 4 (1.88%) SC Cleared
5 3 (1.41%) DV Cleared
5 3 (1.41%) Master's Degree
6 1 (0.47%) CTC Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 2 (0.94%) QA
2 1 (0.47%) ISO 20022
2 1 (0.47%) ISO 8583
2 1 (0.47%) ISO/IEC 20000
2 1 (0.47%) WCAG
System Software
1 57 (26.76%) Docker
2 4 (1.88%) HDFS
3 1 (0.47%) Oracle RAC
3 1 (0.47%) VMware Infrastructure
3 1 (0.47%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 46 (21.60%) Kubernetes
2 12 (5.63%) Terraform
3 11 (5.16%) Ansible
4 9 (4.23%) Docker Swarm
5 4 (1.88%) Hadoop YARN
5 4 (1.88%) Puppet
6 3 (1.41%) Kibana
6 3 (1.41%) logstash
6 3 (1.41%) Opscode Chef
7 2 (0.94%) Cobbler
8 1 (0.47%) Consul
8 1 (0.47%) Data Guard
8 1 (0.47%) Grafana
8 1 (0.47%) ITRS Geneos
8 1 (0.47%) Oracle RMAN
8 1 (0.47%) Prometheus
8 1 (0.47%) SELinux
Vendors
1 17 (7.98%) Oracle
2 5 (2.35%) Google
2 5 (2.35%) Microsoft
3 4 (1.88%) MuleSoft
4 3 (1.41%) Bloomberg
4 3 (1.41%) Perforce
4 3 (1.41%) Splunk
5 2 (0.94%) Reuters
5 2 (0.94%) Salesforce.com
5 2 (0.94%) SAP
6 1 (0.47%) CA
6 1 (0.47%) CA Agile Central
6 1 (0.47%) Cloudera
6 1 (0.47%) Foundry
6 1 (0.47%) HP
6 1 (0.47%) Okta
6 1 (0.47%) Red Hat
6 1 (0.47%) TIBCO
6 1 (0.47%) TOWER Software
6 1 (0.47%) VMware