Period
to 27 January 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in Central London with a requirement for Spring skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Spring over the 6 months to 27 January 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Pivotal Spring Framework
London > Central London
6 months to
27 Jan 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 34 63 46
Rank change year-on-year +29 -17 +18
Contract jobs citing Spring 133 218 449
As % of all contract jobs advertised in Central London 5.65% 3.53% 5.10%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 18.47% 10.08% 12.44%
Number of daily rates quoted 141 194 385
Median daily rate £585 £550 £550
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +6.27% - +7.32%
10th Percentile £400 £425 £425
90th Percentile £688 £675 £675
London median daily rate £550 £550 £550
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 0 0
Median hourly rate - - -
London median hourly rate £55.00 £50.00 -
% change year-on-year +10.00% - -

Spring is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in Central London with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
Central London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 720 2,162 3,610
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in Central London 30.60% 35.00% 40.97%
Number of daily rates quoted 550 1,728 2,937
Median daily rate £550 £525 £525
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +4.76% - +5.00%
10th Percentile £361 £381 £400
90th Percentile £688 £675 £650
London median daily rate £525 £525 £525
Number of hourly rates quoted 2 5 2
Median hourly rate £41.25 £52.00 £16.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -20.67% +215.15% -23.26%
10th Percentile £21.88 £24.50 £14.45
90th Percentile £59.63 £65.00 £18.95
Median hourly rate £45.00 £47.83 £40.00
% change year-on-year -5.92% +19.58% +40.35%

Spring
Job Vacancy Trend in Central London

Job postings citing Spring as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in Central London.

Job vacancy trend for Spring in Central London

Spring
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in Central London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Spring in Central London.

Daily rate trend for Spring in Central London

Spring
Daily Rate Histogram in Central London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Spring in Central London over the 6 months to 27 January 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Spring in Central London

Spring
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in Central London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Spring in Central London.

Hourly rate trend for Spring in Central London

Spring
Contract Job Locations in Central London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Spring within the Central London region over the 6 months to 27 January 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
City of London +23 125 £585 +6.27% 55
West End of London - 2 £495 -
City of Westminster +18 1 £495 +1.54%
Southwark - 1 £605 -
Spring
London

For the 6 months to 27 January 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Spring also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the Central London region with a requirement for Spring.

1 120 (90.23%) Java
2 72 (54.14%) Agile Software Development
2 72 (54.14%) Microservices
3 64 (48.12%) Spring Boot
4 55 (41.35%) Java 8
5 45 (33.83%) Banking
6 44 (33.08%) Kubernetes
7 42 (31.58%) TDD
8 41 (30.83%) Docker
9 36 (27.07%) Kafka
9 36 (27.07%) Jenkins
10 35 (26.32%) REST
11 33 (24.81%) Finance
11 33 (24.81%) JavaScript
12 31 (23.31%) Maven
13 30 (22.56%) AWS
14 28 (21.05%) Oracle
15 26 (19.55%) Linux
16 23 (17.29%) SQL
16 23 (17.29%) Hibernate
16 23 (17.29%) AngularJS
17 22 (16.54%) Scrum
18 21 (15.79%) Software Engineering
18 21 (15.79%) RESTful
18 21 (15.79%) Continuous Integration
19 20 (15.04%) HTML
20 19 (14.29%) JUnit
20 19 (14.29%) OO
20 19 (14.29%) Web Services
20 19 (14.29%) JMS

Spring
Co-occurring IT Skills in Central London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 11 (8.27%) Red Hat Fuse
2 8 (6.02%) Elasticsearch
3 7 (5.26%) Apache
4 5 (3.76%) Camunda
5 4 (3.01%) Apache Spark
5 4 (3.01%) Mule
6 3 (2.26%) Confluence
6 3 (2.26%) JBoss
6 3 (2.26%) Oracle Coherence
7 2 (1.50%) Apache Airflow
7 2 (1.50%) Jupyter
8 1 (0.75%) Cloud Foundry
8 1 (0.75%) CMS
8 1 (0.75%) WebLogic
8 1 (0.75%) WebSphere
Business Applications
1 1 (0.75%) Dynamics CRM
1 1 (0.75%) Temenos T24
Cloud Services
1 30 (22.56%) AWS
2 16 (12.03%) Azure
3 10 (7.52%) PaaS
4 9 (6.77%) SaaS
5 8 (6.02%) GCP
6 7 (5.26%) Amazon EC2
6 7 (5.26%) Amazon Kinesis
6 7 (5.26%) Serverless
7 5 (3.76%) AWS CloudFormation
8 4 (3.01%) Amazon ECS
8 4 (3.01%) Amazon ElastiCache
8 4 (3.01%) IaaS
9 3 (2.26%) Amazon S3
9 3 (2.26%) Amazon SQS
9 3 (2.26%) Apigee
9 3 (2.26%) GitHub
9 3 (2.26%) OpenShift
9 3 (2.26%) Virtual Private Cloud
10 2 (1.50%) Cloud Computing
10 2 (1.50%) Kong
Communications & Networking
1 9 (6.77%) Internet
2 8 (6.02%) HTTP
3 4 (3.01%) SSL
4 3 (2.26%) DNS
4 3 (2.26%) FTP
4 3 (2.26%) TCP/IP
5 2 (1.50%) AMQP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 19 (14.29%) Relational Database
2 13 (9.77%) MongoDB
3 12 (9.02%) MySQL
3 12 (9.02%) PostgreSQL
4 11 (8.27%) Oracle Database
5 10 (7.52%) NoSQL
6 8 (6.02%) SQL Server
7 7 (5.26%) Data Warehouse
7 7 (5.26%) RDBMS
8 5 (3.76%) Oracle Database 11g
9 4 (3.01%) Big Data
9 4 (3.01%) Hazelcast
10 3 (2.26%) Apache Cassandra
10 3 (2.26%) Couchbase
10 3 (2.26%) Flink
10 3 (2.26%) Redis
11 2 (1.50%) Apache Hive
11 2 (1.50%) BigQuery
11 2 (1.50%) Parquet
11 2 (1.50%) Snowflake Schema
Development Applications
1 36 (27.07%) Jenkins
2 31 (23.31%) Maven
3 19 (14.29%) JUnit
4 18 (13.53%) Git (software)
5 10 (7.52%) Gradle
5 10 (7.52%) Mockito
6 7 (5.26%) Atlassian Bamboo
6 7 (5.26%) Cucumber
7 6 (4.51%) GitLab
8 5 (3.76%) Gatling
8 5 (3.76%) Hudson
8 5 (3.76%) JIRA
9 4 (3.01%) Bitbucket
9 4 (3.01%) Subversion
10 3 (2.26%) FishEye
10 3 (2.26%) Geb
10 3 (2.26%) jMock
10 3 (2.26%) Mocha
10 3 (2.26%) SonarQube
10 3 (2.26%) Spock
General
1 45 (33.83%) Banking
2 33 (24.81%) Finance
3 16 (12.03%) Investment Banking
4 13 (9.77%) Front Office
5 5 (3.76%) Games
6 4 (3.01%) Retail
7 2 (1.50%) Advertising
7 2 (1.50%) Back Office
8 1 (0.75%) Financial Institution
8 1 (0.75%) French Language
8 1 (0.75%) Public Sector
8 1 (0.75%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 117 (87.97%) Developer
2 89 (66.92%) Java Developer
3 19 (14.29%) Senior Developer
4 14 (10.53%) Senior Java Developer
5 12 (9.02%) AWS Developer
6 10 (7.52%) Full Stack Developer
7 9 (6.77%) Java Engineer
8 8 (6.02%) Software Developer
9 7 (5.26%) DevOps Developer
9 7 (5.26%) Software Engineer
10 6 (4.51%) Applications Developer
10 6 (4.51%) Architect
10 6 (4.51%) Developer/Software Engineer
10 6 (4.51%) Senior Software Developer
11 5 (3.76%) Data Engineer
11 5 (3.76%) Java Software Developer
11 5 (3.76%) Java Software Engineer
11 5 (3.76%) Oracle Developer
11 5 (3.76%) SC Cleared Java Developer
11 5 (3.76%) Solutions Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 64 (48.12%) Spring Boot
2 36 (27.07%) Kafka
3 35 (26.32%) REST
4 23 (17.29%) AngularJS
4 23 (17.29%) Hibernate
5 21 (15.79%) RESTful
6 20 (15.04%) HTML
7 19 (14.29%) JMS
7 19 (14.29%) Web Services
8 16 (12.03%) HTML5
9 15 (11.28%) React
10 14 (10.53%) Apache Camel
10 14 (10.53%) Node.js
11 11 (8.27%) Middleware
11 11 (8.27%) XML
12 10 (7.52%) JDBC
13 7 (5.26%) Ajax
13 7 (5.26%) JSF
13 7 (5.26%) OSGi
13 7 (5.26%) Spring Integration
Miscellaneous
1 11 (8.27%) Clustering
1 11 (8.27%) Enterprise Software
1 11 (8.27%) Fixed Income
2 8 (6.02%) Data Structures
2 8 (6.02%) Grid Computing
3 7 (5.26%) Credit Risk
3 7 (5.26%) Public Cloud
4 6 (4.51%) Derivative
4 6 (4.51%) Market Risk
5 5 (3.76%) Algorithms
5 5 (3.76%) Data Centre
5 5 (3.76%) Equity Derivative
5 5 (3.76%) Self-Motivation
6 4 (3.01%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
6 4 (3.01%) Greenfield Project
7 3 (2.26%) Analytical Skills
8 2 (1.50%) Equities
8 2 (1.50%) Mobile App
9 1 (0.75%) Management Information System
9 1 (0.75%) N-Tier
Operating Systems
1 26 (19.55%) Linux
2 11 (8.27%) Unix
3 3 (2.26%) Windows
Processes & Methodologies
1 72 (54.14%) Agile Software Development
1 72 (54.14%) Microservices
2 42 (31.58%) TDD
3 22 (16.54%) Scrum
4 21 (15.79%) Continuous Integration
4 21 (15.79%) Software Engineering
5 19 (14.29%) Multithreading
5 19 (14.29%) OO
6 18 (13.53%) DevOps
6 18 (13.53%) Unit Testing
7 16 (12.03%) BDD
7 16 (12.03%) Open Source
8 14 (10.53%) Performance Tuning
9 13 (9.77%) Web Development
10 11 (8.27%) High Availability
10 11 (8.27%) Scalability Testing
11 9 (6.77%) API Design
11 9 (6.77%) API Development
12 8 (6.02%) Continuous Delivery
12 8 (6.02%) Low Latency
Programming Languages
1 120 (90.23%) Java
2 55 (41.35%) Java 8
3 33 (24.81%) JavaScript
4 23 (17.29%) SQL
5 15 (11.28%) Python
6 10 (7.52%) PL/SQL
7 8 (6.02%) Kotlin
8 5 (3.76%) ES6
8 5 (3.76%) TypeScript
9 4 (3.01%) C#
9 4 (3.01%) Go
10 3 (2.26%) Scala
11 2 (1.50%) Groovy
11 2 (1.50%) Haskell
12 1 (0.75%) Bash Shell
12 1 (0.75%) C++
12 1 (0.75%) PowerShell
12 1 (0.75%) Ruby
12 1 (0.75%) Shell Script
Qualifications
1 13 (9.77%) Security Cleared
2 11 (8.27%) SC Cleared
3 3 (2.26%) AWS Certification
3 3 (2.26%) Degree
4 2 (1.50%) Computer Science Degree
4 2 (1.50%) DV Cleared
5 1 (0.75%) BPSS Clearance
5 1 (0.75%) CTC Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 3 (2.26%) MiFID
System Software
1 41 (30.83%) Docker
2 1 (0.75%) Virtual Machines
2 1 (0.75%) VMware Infrastructure
2 1 (0.75%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 44 (33.08%) Kubernetes
2 9 (6.77%) Terraform
3 8 (6.02%) Ansible
4 3 (2.26%) Docker Swarm
4 3 (2.26%) Opscode Chef
4 3 (2.26%) Prometheus
5 2 (1.50%) Grafana
5 2 (1.50%) Rundeck
5 2 (1.50%) Single Sign-On
6 1 (0.75%) linkerd
6 1 (0.75%) Puppet
6 1 (0.75%) Salt
6 1 (0.75%) vRealize
Vendors
1 28 (21.05%) Oracle
2 9 (6.77%) Microsoft
3 4 (3.01%) Splunk
3 4 (3.01%) Sybase
4 3 (2.26%) Atlassian
4 3 (2.26%) Google
4 3 (2.26%) Murex
5 2 (1.50%) Confluent
5 2 (1.50%) Dynatrace
5 2 (1.50%) MuleSoft
5 2 (1.50%) Salesforce.com
6 1 (0.75%) AppDynamics
6 1 (0.75%) Bloomberg
6 1 (0.75%) CheckPoint
6 1 (0.75%) Red Hat
6 1 (0.75%) ServiceNow
6 1 (0.75%) VMware