Period
to 21 July 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in Central London with a requirement for Spring skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Spring over the 6 months to 21 July 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Pivotal Spring Framework
London > Central London
6 months to
21 Jul 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 50 57 66
Rank change year-on-year +7 +9 +6
Contract jobs citing Spring 387 384 264
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in Central London 4.52% 4.11% 3.43%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 11.68% 10.31% 9.32%
Number of daily rates quoted 313 337 209
Central London median daily rate £550 £525 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% -4.76%
10th Percentile £425 £425 £363
90th Percentile £675 £638 £675
London median daily rate £550 £525 £500
% change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 0 0
Central London median hourly rate - - -
London median hourly rate £42.50 £30.00 £40.00
% change year-on-year +41.67% -25.00% -

Spring is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in Central London with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
Central London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 3,313 3,724 2,833
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in Central London 38.70% 39.84% 36.86%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,687 3,018 2,268
Central London median daily rate £525 £520 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +0.96% +4.10% +8.00%
10th Percentile £405 £363 £332
90th Percentile £675 £675 £650
London median daily rate £525 £513 £493
% change year-on-year +2.44% +4.06% +5.91%
Number of hourly rates quoted 12 15 12
Central London median hourly rate £46.85 £22.00 £24.42
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +112.94% -9.92% +22.11%
10th Percentile £23.28 £21.00 £19.18
90th Percentile £69.08 £55.00 £29.47
London median hourly rate £45.00 £43.25 £38.75
% change year-on-year +4.05% +11.61% +33.62%

Spring
Job Vacancy Trend in Central London

Job postings citing Spring as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in Central London.

Job vacancy trend for Spring in Central London

Spring
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in Central London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Spring in Central London.

Contractor daily rate trend for Spring in Central London

Spring
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in Central London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Spring in Central London over the 6 months to 21 July 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Spring in Central London

Spring
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in Central London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Spring in Central London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Spring in Central London

Spring
Contract Job Locations in Central London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Spring within the Central London region over the 6 months to 21 July 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
City of London +14 310 £550 - 119
Southwark -16 13 £575 -
West End of London +3 9 £581 +3.33%
City of Westminster -18 8 £588 +9.30%
Spring
London

For the 6 months to 21 July 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Spring also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the Central London region with a requirement for Spring.

1 370 (95.61%) Java
2 202 (52.20%) Agile Software Development
3 201 (51.94%) Microservices
4 170 (43.93%) Spring Boot
5 140 (36.18%) TDD
6 133 (34.37%) Java 8
7 130 (33.59%) Docker
8 106 (27.39%) JavaScript
9 105 (27.13%) Amazon AWS
10 99 (25.58%) DevOps
11 93 (24.03%) Kafka
12 90 (23.26%) Finance
13 80 (20.67%) SQL
14 78 (20.16%) Kubernetes
15 77 (19.90%) REST
16 75 (19.38%) BDD
17 74 (19.12%) Hibernate
18 71 (18.35%) RESTful
19 69 (17.83%) HTML
20 65 (16.80%) Git (software)
20 65 (16.80%) Jenkins
21 62 (16.02%) Maven
22 56 (14.47%) Banking
23 55 (14.21%) Linux
24 52 (13.44%) Scala
25 51 (13.18%) CSS
26 50 (12.92%) Python
26 50 (12.92%) AngularJS
27 49 (12.66%) Web Services
28 48 (12.40%) NoSQL

Spring
Co-occurring IT Skills in Central London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 27 (6.98%) Apache Spark
2 25 (6.46%) Confluence
3 15 (3.88%) Elasticsearch
4 12 (3.10%) JBoss
4 12 (3.10%) WebLogic
5 11 (2.84%) Apache
6 10 (2.58%) WebSphere
7 8 (2.07%) Tomcat
8 4 (1.03%) Apache Solr
8 4 (1.03%) GlassFish
8 4 (1.03%) Jetty
8 4 (1.03%) WebSphere Application Server
9 3 (0.78%) Magnolia
9 3 (0.78%) nginx
10 2 (0.52%) BizTalk Server
10 2 (0.52%) Cloud Foundry
10 2 (0.52%) Mule
10 2 (0.52%) Oracle Self-Service HR
11 1 (0.26%) Apache Airflow
11 1 (0.26%) SharePoint
Applications
1 2 (0.52%) Microsoft Excel
Business Applications
1 13 (3.36%) SAP ERP
1 13 (3.36%) SAP Hybris
2 3 (0.78%) Salesforce.com CRM
3 1 (0.26%) BusinessWorks
3 1 (0.26%) Dynamics CRM
3 1 (0.26%) Oracle EBS
Cloud Services
1 105 (27.13%) Amazon AWS
2 24 (6.20%) Microsoft Azure
3 17 (4.39%) Google Cloud Platform
4 10 (2.58%) OpenShift
5 9 (2.33%) Amazon SQS
5 9 (2.33%) GitHub
6 8 (2.07%) Serverless
7 7 (1.81%) AWS Lambda
8 5 (1.29%) Apigee
9 4 (1.03%) Heroku
9 4 (1.03%) Slack
10 3 (0.78%) Amazon ElastiCache
10 3 (0.78%) Datadog
11 2 (0.52%) Amazon Kinesis
11 2 (0.52%) AWS CloudFormation
11 2 (0.52%) AWS CodePipeline
11 2 (0.52%) Cloud Computing
11 2 (0.52%) IaaS
11 2 (0.52%) npm
11 2 (0.52%) PaaS
Communications & Networking
1 29 (7.49%) HTTP
2 15 (3.88%) Internet
3 13 (3.36%) FTP
3 13 (3.36%) SSL
4 12 (3.10%) TCP/IP
5 11 (2.84%) DNS
6 6 (1.55%) Kerberos
7 2 (0.52%) AMQP
7 2 (0.52%) SSH
8 1 (0.26%) Firewall
8 1 (0.26%) Intranet
8 1 (0.26%) SAN
8 1 (0.26%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 48 (12.40%) NoSQL
2 38 (9.82%) MongoDB
3 37 (9.56%) Relational Database
4 25 (6.46%) Apache Cassandra
4 25 (6.46%) PostgreSQL
4 25 (6.46%) SQL Server
5 21 (5.43%) Hadoop
5 21 (5.43%) MySQL
5 21 (5.43%) Redis
6 18 (4.65%) RDBMS
7 12 (3.10%) Big Data
8 11 (2.84%) HBase
9 10 (2.58%) Oracle Database
10 9 (2.33%) Riak
11 7 (1.81%) Apache Hive
12 4 (1.03%) Flink
13 3 (0.78%) Amazon Athena
13 3 (0.78%) Blockchain
13 3 (0.78%) Data Lake
13 3 (0.78%) SQL Server 2014
Development Applications
1 65 (16.80%) Git (software)
1 65 (16.80%) Jenkins
2 62 (16.02%) Maven
3 36 (9.30%) JIRA
4 35 (9.04%) JUnit
5 24 (6.20%) Cucumber
6 22 (5.68%) Gradle
7 16 (4.13%) Selenium
8 14 (3.62%) Mockito
9 13 (3.36%) gulp
9 13 (3.36%) Subversion
10 11 (2.84%) GitLab
11 10 (2.58%) Gatling
11 10 (2.58%) Geb
11 10 (2.58%) Spock
12 9 (2.33%) Ant
12 9 (2.33%) Bitbucket
13 8 (2.07%) Travis CI
14 7 (1.81%) Atlassian Bamboo
14 7 (1.81%) TeamCity
General
1 90 (23.26%) Finance
2 56 (14.47%) Banking
3 21 (5.43%) Front Office
3 21 (5.43%) Investment Banking
3 21 (5.43%) Retail
4 12 (3.10%) Retail Banking
5 8 (2.07%) Financial Institution
6 5 (1.29%) Back Office
7 4 (1.03%) Marketing
8 1 (0.26%) Advertising
8 1 (0.26%) Games
8 1 (0.26%) German Language
8 1 (0.26%) Legal
8 1 (0.26%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 263 (67.96%) Developer
2 219 (56.59%) Java Developer
3 47 (12.14%) Full Stack Developer
4 42 (10.85%) Senior Developer
5 39 (10.08%) Senior Java Developer
6 34 (8.79%) Architect
7 28 (7.24%) Java Engineer
8 21 (5.43%) AWS Developer
9 15 (3.88%) Java Developer - Fintech
10 13 (3.36%) Hybris Architect
10 13 (3.36%) Software Engineer
11 12 (3.10%) Agile Developer
11 12 (3.10%) Agile Java Developer
11 12 (3.10%) SAP Architect
12 11 (2.84%) React Developer
13 9 (2.33%) Java Software Engineer
13 9 (2.33%) JavaScript Developer
13 9 (2.33%) Junior
13 9 (2.33%) Solutions Architect
14 8 (2.07%) Junior Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 170 (43.93%) Spring Boot
2 93 (24.03%) Kafka
3 77 (19.90%) REST
4 74 (19.12%) Hibernate
5 71 (18.35%) RESTful
6 69 (17.83%) HTML
7 51 (13.18%) CSS
8 50 (12.92%) AngularJS
9 49 (12.66%) Web Services
10 38 (9.82%) XML
11 36 (9.30%) Node.js
12 33 (8.53%) HTML5
12 33 (8.53%) React
13 31 (8.01%) JSON
14 27 (6.98%) J2EE
15 25 (6.46%) SOAP
16 22 (5.68%) Middleware
16 22 (5.68%) Spring Cloud
17 20 (5.17%) Java EE
18 16 (4.13%) Spring MVC
Miscellaneous
1 36 (9.30%) Greenfield Project
2 25 (6.46%) Enterprise Software
3 22 (5.68%) Algorithms
4 20 (5.17%) User Experience
5 16 (4.13%) Analytical Skills
6 13 (3.36%) Data Structures
7 9 (2.33%) Linux Command Line
8 8 (2.07%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
9 7 (1.81%) Equities
10 6 (1.55%) Fixed Income
10 6 (1.55%) iPad
10 6 (1.55%) Self-Motivation
11 5 (1.29%) Cloud Native
11 5 (1.29%) Mobile App
12 4 (1.03%) Data Protection Act
12 4 (1.03%) Derivative
13 3 (0.78%) PKI
14 2 (0.52%) DataPower
14 2 (0.52%) FMCG
14 2 (0.52%) NHS
Operating Systems
1 55 (14.21%) Linux
2 31 (8.01%) Unix
3 14 (3.62%) Windows
4 6 (1.55%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
4 6 (1.55%) Ubuntu
5 4 (1.03%) Apple iOS
5 4 (1.03%) Windows Server
6 3 (0.78%) Android
7 2 (0.52%) CentOS
7 2 (0.52%) Debian
7 2 (0.52%) Mac OS X
8 1 (0.26%) Amazon Linux
8 1 (0.26%) Mac OS
Processes & Methodologies
1 202 (52.20%) Agile Software Development
2 201 (51.94%) Microservices
3 140 (36.18%) TDD
4 99 (25.58%) DevOps
5 75 (19.38%) BDD
6 44 (11.37%) Software Engineering
7 38 (9.82%) Scrum
7 38 (9.82%) SDLC
8 33 (8.53%) E-Commerce
9 32 (8.27%) OO
10 29 (7.49%) Fintech
11 28 (7.24%) OOP
11 28 (7.24%) Test Automation
12 24 (6.20%) MVC
13 23 (5.94%) Computer Science
14 22 (5.68%) Continuous Integration
14 22 (5.68%) Mentoring
15 21 (5.43%) Open Source
16 18 (4.65%) Multithreading
16 18 (4.65%) Problem-Solving
Programming Languages
1 370 (95.61%) Java
2 133 (34.37%) Java 8
3 106 (27.39%) JavaScript
4 80 (20.67%) SQL
5 52 (13.44%) Scala
6 50 (12.92%) Python
7 25 (6.46%) TypeScript
8 24 (6.20%) ES6
9 20 (5.17%) Kotlin
10 11 (2.84%) C#
10 11 (2.84%) Ruby
10 11 (2.84%) Shell Script
11 9 (2.33%) Clojure
11 9 (2.33%) Groovy
11 9 (2.33%) Perl
12 7 (1.81%) Bash Shell
12 7 (1.81%) R
13 6 (1.55%) Java 9
14 5 (1.29%) C++
15 4 (1.03%) PHP
Qualifications
1 16 (4.13%) Degree
2 9 (2.33%) Computer Science Degree
2 9 (2.33%) Security Cleared
3 5 (1.29%) SC Cleared
4 4 (1.03%) DV Cleared
4 4 (1.03%) Master's Degree
5 3 (0.78%) BPSS Clearance
6 1 (0.26%) CEH
6 1 (0.26%) CISSP
6 1 (0.26%) GIAC
6 1 (0.26%) GPEN
6 1 (0.26%) OSCP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 19 (4.91%) QA
2 2 (0.52%) Data Quality
3 1 (0.26%) EMIR
3 1 (0.26%) MiFID
System Software
1 130 (33.59%) Docker
2 9 (2.33%) HDFS
3 6 (1.55%) Apache ZooKeeper
4 2 (0.52%) Virtual Machines
4 2 (0.52%) VMware Infrastructure
5 1 (0.26%) etcd
5 1 (0.26%) Oracle RAC
Systems Management
1 78 (20.16%) Kubernetes
2 23 (5.94%) Terraform
3 18 (4.65%) Ansible
4 10 (2.58%) Docker Swarm
5 7 (1.81%) Hadoop YARN
5 7 (1.81%) Marathon
5 7 (1.81%) Mesos
6 6 (1.55%) Grafana
6 6 (1.55%) Puppet
7 5 (1.29%) Prometheus
8 4 (1.03%) Kibana
8 4 (1.03%) Opscode Chef
9 2 (0.52%) Consul
9 2 (0.52%) Istio
9 2 (0.52%) linkerd
9 2 (0.52%) Salt
10 1 (0.26%) Kubeflow
10 1 (0.26%) Nexpose
10 1 (0.26%) Rancher
10 1 (0.26%) rkt
Vendors
1 35 (9.04%) Oracle
2 26 (6.72%) hybris
3 18 (4.65%) Google
4 13 (3.36%) SAP
5 10 (2.58%) Sybase
6 9 (2.33%) Microsoft
7 5 (1.29%) Red Hat
8 4 (1.03%) Splunk
9 3 (0.78%) Atlassian
9 3 (0.78%) Cloudera
9 3 (0.78%) IBM
9 3 (0.78%) Perforce
9 3 (0.78%) Salesforce.com
10 2 (0.52%) Hortonworks
10 2 (0.52%) MuleSoft
10 2 (0.52%) VMware
11 1 (0.26%) Blue Prism
11 1 (0.26%) Databricks
11 1 (0.26%) Okta
11 1 (0.26%) Samsung