Period
to 27 June 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in Central London with a requirement for SQL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited SQL over the 6 months to 27 June 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

SQL (Structured Query Language)
London > Central London
6 months to
27 Jun 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 5 5 7
Rank change year-on-year 0 +2 0
Contract jobs citing SQL 1,282 1,349 1,138
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in Central London 15.17% 14.75% 15.33%
As % of the Programming Languages category 29.78% 28.16% 31.24%
Number of daily rates quoted 996 1,072 854
Central London median daily rate £500 £500 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.26% +5.56%
10th Percentile £350 £338 £313
90th Percentile £650 £638 £638
London median daily rate £500 £496 £475
% change year-on-year +0.81% +4.42% +5.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 5 8 3
Central London median hourly rate £35.00 £28.79 £28.35
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +21.57% +1.57% -35.58%
10th Percentile £21.65 £15.55 £13.78
90th Percentile £37.50 £187.50 £29.77
London median hourly rate £25.30 £27.16 £29.08
% change year-on-year -6.87% -6.60% -3.87%

SQL is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in Central London with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
Central London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 4,305 4,791 3,643
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in Central London 50.93% 52.38% 49.08%
Number of daily rates quoted 3,463 3,965 2,917
Central London median daily rate £525 £525 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.00% +8.11%
10th Percentile £394 £363 £325
90th Percentile £675 £675 £650
London median daily rate £525 £505 £490
% change year-on-year +3.96% +3.06% +7.69%
Number of hourly rates quoted 23 23 7
Central London median hourly rate £35.00 £21.50 £28.35
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +62.79% -24.15% +9.02%
10th Percentile £21.00 £12.85 £16.65
90th Percentile £59.90 £66.50 £39.70
London median hourly rate £36.59 £42.50 £40.00
% change year-on-year -13.92% +6.25% +33.71%

SQL
Job Vacancy Trend in Central London

Job postings citing SQL as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in Central London.

Job vacancy trend for SQL in Central London

SQL
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in Central London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing SQL in Central London.

Contractor daily rate trend for SQL in Central London

SQL
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in Central London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing SQL in Central London over the 6 months to 27 June 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for SQL in Central London

SQL
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in Central London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing SQL in Central London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for SQL in Central London

SQL
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in Central London

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing SQL in Central London over the 6 months to 27 June 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for SQL in Central London

SQL
Contract Job Locations in Central London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing SQL within the Central London region over the 6 months to 27 June 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
City of London +1 989 £500 - 182
Southwark -15 50 £550 +4.76%
City of Westminster -11 31 £488 -2.50% 1
West End of London -5 30 £425 -15.00% 3
Camden +5 2 £456 -10.98% 1
Kensington and Chelsea -2 1 £400 +14.29%
SQL
London

For the 6 months to 27 June 2019, IT contractor jobs citing SQL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the Central London region with a requirement for SQL.

1 380 (29.64%) Agile Software Development
2 376 (29.33%) Finance
3 327 (25.51%) SQL Server
4 321 (25.04%) Microsoft Azure
5 275 (21.45%) Python
6 249 (19.42%) C#
7 238 (18.56%) Microsoft
8 232 (18.10%) .NET
9 226 (17.63%) Java
10 209 (16.30%) Data Warehouse
11 198 (15.44%) Business Intelligence
12 187 (14.59%) ETL
12 187 (14.59%) JavaScript
13 182 (14.20%) Data Modelling
14 181 (14.12%) DevOps
15 180 (14.04%) Amazon AWS
16 175 (13.65%) Analytics
17 160 (12.48%) Big Data
18 151 (11.78%) Oracle
19 150 (11.70%) TDD
19 150 (11.70%) Banking
19 150 (11.70%) SQL Server Integration Services
20 138 (10.76%) Docker
21 136 (10.61%) Apache Spark
22 135 (10.53%) T-SQL
23 134 (10.45%) HTML
23 134 (10.45%) Git (software)
24 132 (10.30%) Power Platform
25 131 (10.22%) Power BI
26 128 (9.98%) Linux

SQL
Co-occurring IT Skills in Central London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 136 (10.61%) Apache Spark
2 40 (3.12%) SharePoint
3 38 (2.96%) Confluence
3 38 (2.96%) Elasticsearch
4 31 (2.42%) Apache
5 26 (2.03%) IIS
6 21 (1.64%) SAS
7 15 (1.17%) MS Exchange
8 14 (1.09%) WebLogic
9 13 (1.01%) WebSphere
10 9 (0.70%) Apache Airflow
11 8 (0.62%) ArcGIS
11 8 (0.62%) CMS
11 8 (0.62%) Skype for Business
12 7 (0.55%) Oracle Workflow
13 6 (0.47%) GeoServer
13 6 (0.47%) IPython
13 6 (0.47%) JBoss
13 6 (0.47%) WebSphere Application Server
14 5 (0.39%) nginx
Applications
1 93 (7.25%) Microsoft Excel
2 25 (1.95%) Microsoft Office
3 16 (1.25%) Spreadsheet
4 4 (0.31%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 4 (0.31%) MS Visio
4 4 (0.31%) Photoshop
4 4 (0.31%) SPSS
5 3 (0.23%) Stata
6 2 (0.16%) InfoPath
7 1 (0.078%) HipChat
Business Applications
1 15 (1.17%) SAP ERP
2 13 (1.01%) SAP Hybris
3 11 (0.86%) Dynamics CRM
4 10 (0.78%) Oracle Financials
5 8 (0.62%) Dynamics NAV
5 8 (0.62%) Oracle EBS
6 7 (0.55%) Markit EDM
7 5 (0.39%) Salesforce.com CRM
8 4 (0.31%) Oracle EBS R12
9 3 (0.23%) Oracle ERP
9 3 (0.23%) SAP S/4HANA
9 3 (0.23%) Temenos T24
10 2 (0.16%) Distributed Ledger
10 2 (0.16%) Dynamics AX
10 2 (0.16%) Global One
10 2 (0.16%) Oracle Applications
10 2 (0.16%) Oracle General Ledger
10 2 (0.16%) Oracle Payables
10 2 (0.16%) Oracle Payroll
10 2 (0.16%) SAP Oil and Gas
Cloud Services
1 321 (25.04%) Microsoft Azure
2 180 (14.04%) Amazon AWS
3 132 (10.30%) Power Platform
4 73 (5.69%) Google Cloud Platform
5 58 (4.52%) Serverless
6 54 (4.21%) Office 365
7 40 (3.12%) Azure Active Directory
7 40 (3.12%) PaaS
8 39 (3.04%) Azure Data Factory
9 28 (2.18%) IaaS
10 22 (1.72%) Azure Functions
11 20 (1.56%) GitHub
12 17 (1.33%) SaaS
13 16 (1.25%) Amazon S3
14 15 (1.17%) Cortana Intelligence Suite
15 13 (1.01%) Dynamics 365
16 12 (0.94%) Apigee
16 12 (0.94%) Cloud Computing
17 10 (0.78%) Amazon Kinesis
17 10 (0.78%) Amazon SageMaker
Communications & Networking
1 32 (2.50%) Firewall
2 29 (2.26%) DNS
3 26 (2.03%) Internet
4 24 (1.87%) HTTP
5 21 (1.64%) SAN
6 12 (0.94%) TCP/IP
7 9 (0.70%) DHCP
7 9 (0.70%) NAS
8 8 (0.62%) MPLS
9 6 (0.47%) IP Telephony
10 5 (0.39%) Fibre Channel
10 5 (0.39%) FTP
10 5 (0.39%) VPN
10 5 (0.39%) WAN
11 4 (0.31%) iSCSI
11 4 (0.31%) LAN
12 3 (0.23%) Remote Desktop
12 3 (0.23%) Software-Defined Networking
12 3 (0.23%) SSL
13 2 (0.16%) Skype
Database & Business Intelligence
1 327 (25.51%) SQL Server
2 209 (16.30%) Data Warehouse
3 160 (12.48%) Big Data
4 150 (11.70%) SQL Server Integration Services
5 131 (10.22%) Power BI
6 115 (8.97%) NoSQL
6 115 (8.97%) SQL Server Reporting Services
7 105 (8.19%) Hadoop
8 103 (8.03%) Azure SQL Database
9 84 (6.55%) Apache Hive
10 78 (6.08%) SQL Server Analysis Services
11 70 (5.46%) PostgreSQL
12 64 (4.99%) Cosmos DB
12 64 (4.99%) Data Lake
12 64 (4.99%) Relational Database
13 58 (4.52%) MongoDB
14 54 (4.21%) MySQL
15 52 (4.06%) OLAP
16 48 (3.74%) Enterprise Data Warehouse
16 48 (3.74%) Star Schema
Development Applications
1 134 (10.45%) Git (software)
2 78 (6.08%) JIRA
3 64 (4.99%) Jenkins
4 56 (4.37%) Team Foundation Server
5 48 (3.74%) Visual Studio
6 40 (3.12%) Selenium
7 33 (2.57%) Subversion
8 29 (2.26%) Visual Studio Team System
9 27 (2.11%) Octopus Deploy
9 27 (2.11%) TeamCity
10 24 (1.87%) Cucumber
11 22 (1.72%) SpecFlow
12 20 (1.56%) JUnit
12 20 (1.56%) Maven
13 13 (1.01%) WebDriver
14 10 (0.78%) Bitbucket
15 9 (0.70%) Jasmine
15 9 (0.70%) Karma Test Runner
15 9 (0.70%) NUnit
16 8 (0.62%) Eclipse
General
1 376 (29.33%) Finance
2 150 (11.70%) Banking
3 49 (3.82%) Investment Banking
4 48 (3.74%) Retail
5 43 (3.35%) Front Office
6 30 (2.34%) Legal
6 30 (2.34%) Marketing
7 26 (2.03%) Financial Institution
8 23 (1.79%) Back Office
9 22 (1.72%) Law
10 16 (1.25%) Advertising
11 15 (1.17%) Retail Banking
12 9 (0.70%) French Language
12 9 (0.70%) Games
13 8 (0.62%) Publishing
14 7 (0.55%) Telecoms
15 5 (0.39%) Italian Language
16 4 (0.31%) Dutch Language
16 4 (0.31%) German Language
16 4 (0.31%) Spanish Language
Job Titles
1 546 (42.59%) Developer
2 155 (12.09%) Analyst
3 143 (11.15%) Data Engineer
4 126 (9.83%) SQL Developer
5 87 (6.79%) .NET Developer
6 78 (6.08%) Architect
7 65 (5.07%) Java Developer
8 57 (4.45%) Business Intelligence Developer
9 52 (4.06%) Senior Developer
10 51 (3.98%) DBA
11 50 (3.90%) C# Developer
12 49 (3.82%) Python Developer
13 46 (3.59%) Data Analyst
14 45 (3.51%) DevOps Engineer
15 44 (3.43%) Azure Engineer
15 44 (3.43%) SQL Analyst
16 43 (3.35%) Hadoop Engineer
17 42 (3.28%) Full Stack Developer
18 34 (2.65%) Consultant
18 34 (2.65%) SQL DBA
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 232 (18.10%) .NET
2 134 (10.45%) HTML
3 123 (9.59%) AngularJS
4 105 (8.19%) CSS
5 97 (7.57%) Kafka
6 77 (6.01%) Spring
7 69 (5.38%) RESTful
7 69 (5.38%) XML
8 67 (5.23%) REST
9 63 (4.91%) React
10 60 (4.68%) Web Services
11 56 (4.37%) ASP.NET
12 55 (4.29%) .NET Core
13 53 (4.13%) JSON
14 52 (4.06%) .NET Framework
14 52 (4.06%) HTML5
15 49 (3.82%) Node.js
16 46 (3.59%) ASP.NET Web API
17 41 (3.20%) jQuery
18 38 (2.96%) ASP.NET MVC
Miscellaneous
1 121 (9.44%) Analytical Skills
2 68 (5.30%) Greenfield Project
3 51 (3.98%) Data Structures
4 44 (3.43%) Algorithms
5 27 (2.11%) Self-Motivation
6 26 (2.03%) Hedge funds
7 23 (1.79%) Enterprise Software
8 22 (1.72%) Replication
9 20 (1.56%) User Experience
10 19 (1.48%) Data Centre
11 17 (1.33%) Clustering
12 15 (1.17%) Derivative
12 15 (1.17%) Fixed Income
13 14 (1.09%) Equities
13 14 (1.09%) Hybrid Cloud
14 13 (1.01%) Public Cloud
15 12 (0.94%) Management Information System
16 11 (0.86%) NHS
16 11 (0.86%) Private Cloud
17 10 (0.78%) Reinsurance
Operating Systems
1 128 (9.98%) Linux
2 116 (9.05%) Windows
3 63 (4.91%) Unix
4 48 (3.74%) Windows Server
5 16 (1.25%) Windows Server 2008
6 11 (0.86%) Windows Server 2012
7 10 (0.78%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 9 (0.70%) Windows 10
9 7 (0.55%) Solaris
10 6 (0.47%) Windows 7
11 5 (0.39%) Android
11 5 (0.39%) Apple iOS
11 5 (0.39%) VMS
12 4 (0.31%) Windows Server 2003
13 3 (0.23%) SUSE
13 3 (0.23%) Ubuntu
13 3 (0.23%) Windows 8
14 2 (0.16%) CentOS
14 2 (0.16%) CoreOS
14 2 (0.16%) Mac OS
Processes & Methodologies
1 380 (29.64%) Agile Software Development
2 198 (15.44%) Business Intelligence
3 187 (14.59%) ETL
4 182 (14.20%) Data Modelling
5 181 (14.12%) DevOps
6 175 (13.65%) Analytics
7 150 (11.70%) TDD
8 122 (9.52%) Scrum
9 121 (9.44%) Microservices
10 118 (9.20%) Data Science
11 111 (8.66%) Test Automation
12 106 (8.27%) Migration
13 100 (7.80%) Problem-Solving
14 91 (7.10%) Machine Learning
15 81 (6.32%) Visualisation
16 73 (5.69%) Data Analysis
17 71 (5.54%) Continuous Integration
18 68 (5.30%) OO
18 68 (5.30%) SDLC
19 67 (5.23%) BDD
Programming Languages
1 275 (21.45%) Python
2 249 (19.42%) C#
3 226 (17.63%) Java
4 187 (14.59%) JavaScript
5 135 (10.53%) T-SQL
6 113 (8.81%) PowerShell
7 60 (4.68%) Scala
8 48 (3.74%) PL/SQL
9 43 (3.35%) VBA
10 39 (3.04%) TypeScript
11 38 (2.96%) R
11 38 (2.96%) Shell Script
12 37 (2.89%) Bash Shell
13 32 (2.50%) Ruby
14 29 (2.26%) C++
14 29 (2.26%) Perl
14 29 (2.26%) VB
15 25 (1.95%) Java 8
16 23 (1.79%) Data Analysis Expressions (DAX)
17 21 (1.64%) VB.NET
Qualifications
1 58 (4.52%) Degree
2 32 (2.50%) Security Cleared
3 23 (1.79%) SC Cleared
4 18 (1.40%) PMI Certification
4 18 (1.40%) PMP
5 13 (1.01%) Computer Science Degree
6 11 (0.86%) ISTQB
7 8 (0.62%) ACCA
7 8 (0.62%) Microsoft Certification
8 7 (0.55%) DV Cleared
8 7 (0.55%) ISEB
8 7 (0.55%) MCSE
9 6 (0.47%) AWS Certification
10 5 (0.39%) BPSS Clearance
10 5 (0.39%) Master's Degree
11 3 (0.23%) Numerate Degree
12 2 (0.16%) DBS Check
12 2 (0.16%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
12 2 (0.16%) PhD
12 2 (0.16%) SAFe Agilist
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 84 (6.55%) Data Quality
2 60 (4.68%) QA
3 10 (0.78%) SLA
4 9 (0.70%) GDPR
5 6 (0.47%) COREP
5 6 (0.47%) FINREP
5 6 (0.47%) Solvency II
6 5 (0.39%) PCI DSS
7 4 (0.31%) PMO
8 2 (0.16%) Basel III
8 2 (0.16%) MiFID
9 1 (0.078%) IFRS
9 1 (0.078%) IFRS 9
System Software
1 138 (10.76%) Docker
2 85 (6.63%) Active Directory
3 18 (1.40%) Hyper-V
4 17 (1.33%) Oracle RAC
5 16 (1.25%) VMware Infrastructure
6 10 (0.78%) HDFS
6 10 (0.78%) Virtual Machines
7 9 (0.70%) VMware ESXi
7 9 (0.70%) XenApp
8 6 (0.47%) vSphere
9 5 (0.39%) Shibboleth
9 5 (0.39%) VMware NSX
10 4 (0.31%) etcd
11 3 (0.23%) KVM
11 3 (0.23%) RHEV
12 2 (0.16%) Ceph
12 2 (0.16%) flannel
12 2 (0.16%) GlusterFS
12 2 (0.16%) SkyDNS
12 2 (0.16%) Virtual Servers
Systems Management
1 100 (7.80%) Kubernetes
2 41 (3.20%) Oozie
3 36 (2.81%) SCCM
4 21 (1.64%) Ansible
5 20 (1.56%) Terraform
6 15 (1.17%) SCOM
7 13 (1.01%) Microsoft Intune
7 13 (1.01%) Puppet
8 10 (0.78%) Hadoop YARN
8 10 (0.78%) Marathon
8 10 (0.78%) Mesos
8 10 (0.78%) Microsoft Clustering
9 9 (0.70%) Istio
10 8 (0.62%) Opscode Chef
10 8 (0.62%) SCOrch
11 7 (0.55%) Single Sign-On
12 6 (0.47%) Data Guard
13 5 (0.39%) Kibana
13 5 (0.39%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
13 5 (0.39%) WSUS
Vendors
1 238 (18.56%) Microsoft
2 151 (11.78%) Oracle
3 94 (7.33%) Tableau
4 62 (4.84%) Google
5 33 (2.57%) VMware
6 26 (2.03%) SAP
7 22 (1.72%) Informatica
8 21 (1.64%) Alteryx
8 21 (1.64%) Cloudera
9 16 (1.25%) Sybase
10 14 (1.09%) Citrix
10 14 (1.09%) hybris
10 14 (1.09%) IBM
11 12 (0.94%) MuleSoft
12 10 (0.78%) Salesforce.com
13 9 (0.70%) Atlassian
13 9 (0.70%) Splunk
13 9 (0.70%) Symantec
14 8 (0.62%) Adobe
14 8 (0.62%) Bloomberg