Period
to 19 January 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in Central London with a requirement for CSS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited CSS over the 6 months to 19 January 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

CSS (Cascading Style Sheets)
London > Central London
6 months to
19 Jan 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 23 22 20
Rank change year-on-year -1 -2 -7
Contract jobs citing CSS 429 687 679
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in Central London 6.92% 7.76% 7.79%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 19.62% 19.05% 20.35%
Number of daily rates quoted 322 564 567
Central London median daily rate £500 £500 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.26% +7.95%
10th Percentile £334 £325 £313
90th Percentile £638 £625 £600
London median daily rate £500 £480 £463
% change year-on-year +4.17% +3.78% +8.82%
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 2 1
Central London median hourly rate - £16.50 £27.09
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - -39.09% -
London median hourly rate £36.70 £33.50 £27.00
% change year-on-year +9.55% +24.07% -37.21%

CSS is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in Central London with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
Central London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 2,187 3,606 3,337
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in Central London 35.27% 40.75% 38.29%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,729 2,924 2,793
Central London median daily rate £525 £525 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.00% +5.26%
10th Percentile £381 £400 £363
90th Percentile £675 £650 £650
London median daily rate £525 £525 £500
% change year-on-year - +5.00% +5.26%
Number of hourly rates quoted 8 4 11
Central London median hourly rate £35.00 £27.00 £27.09
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +29.63% -0.33% -48.03%
10th Percentile £24.50 £15.35 £20.75
90th Percentile £65.00 £81.03 £187.50
London median hourly rate £47.83 £36.00 £35.00
% change year-on-year +32.86% +2.86% -22.22%

CSS
Job Vacancy Trend in Central London

Job postings citing CSS as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in Central London.

Job vacancy trend for CSS in Central London

CSS
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in Central London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing CSS in Central London.

Contractor daily rate trend for CSS in Central London

CSS
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in Central London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing CSS in Central London over the 6 months to 19 January 2020.

Contractor daily rate histogram for CSS in Central London

CSS
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in Central London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS in Central London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for CSS in Central London

CSS
Contract Job Locations in Central London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS within the Central London region over the 6 months to 19 January 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
City of London +4 312 £525 +5.00% 203
City of Westminster +19 23 £433 -14.78%
West End of London +13 12 £388 -26.19% 2
Southwark +27 3 £525 +5.00% 1
Kensington and Chelsea -1 2 £275 -15.38% 1
CSS
London

For the 6 months to 19 January 2020, IT contractor jobs citing CSS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the Central London region with a requirement for CSS.

1 376 (87.65%) HTML
2 321 (74.83%) JavaScript
3 210 (48.95%) Agile Software Development
4 146 (34.03%) AngularJS
5 143 (33.33%) React
6 133 (31.00%) HTML5
7 126 (29.37%) Front End Development
8 94 (21.91%) TDD
8 94 (21.91%) Finance
9 91 (21.21%) CSS3
9 91 (21.21%) User Experience
10 81 (18.88%) Node.js
11 80 (18.65%) TypeScript
12 75 (17.48%) Git (software)
12 75 (17.48%) Java
13 73 (17.02%) SQL
14 71 (16.55%) .NET
15 70 (16.32%) Azure
16 69 (16.08%) C#
17 66 (15.38%) AWS
18 63 (14.69%) Redux
19 61 (14.22%) Test Automation
20 52 (12.12%) jQuery
21 51 (11.89%) DevOps
22 50 (11.66%) Scrum
23 49 (11.42%) MVC
24 48 (11.19%) SQL Server
24 48 (11.19%) Continuous Integration
25 47 (10.96%) Sass
25 47 (10.96%) Web Development

CSS
Co-occurring IT Skills in Central London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 43 (10.02%) CMS
2 16 (3.73%) Confluence
3 12 (2.80%) SharePoint
3 12 (2.80%) WordPress
4 8 (1.86%) Elasticsearch
4 8 (1.86%) IIS
4 8 (1.86%) Umbraco
5 7 (1.63%) Adobe Experience Manager
5 7 (1.63%) Drupal
5 7 (1.63%) WebLogic
5 7 (1.63%) WebSphere
6 5 (1.17%) Apache
6 5 (1.17%) SharePoint 2013
6 5 (1.17%) Sitecore CMS
7 3 (0.70%) JBoss
8 2 (0.47%) Apache Spark
8 2 (0.47%) FileNet
8 2 (0.47%) Liferay
9 1 (0.23%) Magnolia
9 1 (0.23%) Mendix
Applications
1 13 (3.03%) Photoshop
2 10 (2.33%) Sketch
3 8 (1.86%) InVision
3 8 (1.86%) Microsoft Excel
4 7 (1.63%) Adobe Illustrator
5 6 (1.40%) Adobe XD
6 5 (1.17%) Adobe Creative Suite
7 4 (0.93%) InDesign
7 4 (0.93%) Zeplin
8 3 (0.70%) Microsoft Office
9 2 (0.47%) Lectora
9 2 (0.47%) Microsoft PowerPoint
10 1 (0.23%) Marvel
Business Applications
1 8 (1.86%) Dynamics CRM
2 7 (1.63%) Magento
3 1 (0.23%) SDL Web 8
3 1 (0.23%) Shopify
Cloud Services
1 70 (16.32%) Azure
2 66 (15.38%) AWS
3 33 (7.69%) GCP
4 30 (6.99%) GitHub
5 15 (3.50%) npm
6 11 (2.56%) Heroku
7 7 (1.63%) Office 365
8 6 (1.40%) Cloud Computing
8 6 (1.40%) PaaS
9 4 (0.93%) Serverless
10 3 (0.70%) SaaS
11 2 (0.47%) Amazon SQS
11 2 (0.47%) Dynamics 365
11 2 (0.47%) Yarn
12 1 (0.23%) AWS CloudFormation
12 1 (0.23%) AWS Lambda
12 1 (0.23%) Azure Functions
12 1 (0.23%) Datadog
12 1 (0.23%) Fastly
12 1 (0.23%) Google Tag Manager
Communications & Networking
1 12 (2.80%) HTTP
2 3 (0.70%) FTP
2 3 (0.70%) Intranet
3 2 (0.47%) DNS
3 2 (0.47%) SSL
3 2 (0.47%) TCP/IP
4 1 (0.23%) AMQP
4 1 (0.23%) Firewall
4 1 (0.23%) Internet
4 1 (0.23%) SMTP
4 1 (0.23%) SSH
Database & Business Intelligence
1 48 (11.19%) SQL Server
2 33 (7.69%) NoSQL
3 20 (4.66%) MySQL
4 19 (4.43%) Relational Database
5 17 (3.96%) PostgreSQL
6 13 (3.03%) MongoDB
7 5 (1.17%) Apache Cassandra
7 5 (1.17%) HBase
7 5 (1.17%) Jackrabbit
7 5 (1.17%) RDBMS
8 4 (0.93%) Amazon DynamoDB
8 4 (0.93%) Oracle Database
9 2 (0.47%) DB2
9 2 (0.47%) Hadoop
9 2 (0.47%) SQL Server 2008
10 1 (0.23%) Apache Hive
10 1 (0.23%) Oracle Reports
10 1 (0.23%) SQL Server 2005
10 1 (0.23%) SQL Server Integration Services
10 1 (0.23%) SQL Server Reporting Services
Development Applications
1 75 (17.48%) Git (software)
2 31 (7.23%) JIRA
3 30 (6.99%) Visual Studio
3 30 (6.99%) webpack
4 26 (6.06%) gulp
5 23 (5.36%) Jenkins
6 22 (5.13%) Team Foundation Server
7 15 (3.50%) Grunt
7 15 (3.50%) TeamCity
8 14 (3.26%) Octopus Deploy
9 10 (2.33%) Gradle
9 10 (2.33%) JMeter
9 10 (2.33%) JUnit
9 10 (2.33%) Moq
9 10 (2.33%) Selenium
10 8 (1.86%) Babel
10 8 (1.86%) git-flow
10 8 (1.86%) MSTest
11 7 (1.63%) Axure RP
11 7 (1.63%) Travis CI
General
1 94 (21.91%) Finance
2 29 (6.76%) Marketing
3 26 (6.06%) Banking
4 15 (3.50%) Front Office
5 14 (3.26%) Investment Banking
6 13 (3.03%) Public Sector
7 11 (2.56%) Games
8 10 (2.33%) Law
8 10 (2.33%) Retail
9 7 (1.63%) Advertising
9 7 (1.63%) Telecoms
10 6 (1.40%) Police
11 4 (0.93%) Electronics
11 4 (0.93%) Manufacturing
12 3 (0.70%) Automotive
12 3 (0.70%) Publishing
13 2 (0.47%) Aerospace
13 2 (0.47%) Housing Association
13 2 (0.47%) Legal
14 1 (0.23%) Financial Institution
Job Titles
1 365 (85.08%) Developer
2 88 (20.51%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 77 (17.95%) React Developer
4 56 (13.05%) Senior Developer
5 52 (12.12%) Full Stack Developer
6 41 (9.56%) Angular Developer
6 41 (9.56%) JavaScript Developer
7 34 (7.93%) C# Developer
8 29 (6.76%) .NET Developer
8 29 (6.76%) Java Developer
9 25 (5.83%) Designer
9 25 (5.83%) Node.js Developer
10 23 (5.36%) UI Developer
11 22 (5.13%) Digital Developer
11 22 (5.13%) UX Designer
12 18 (4.20%) C# .NET Developer
12 18 (4.20%) Web Developer
13 16 (3.73%) HTML Developer
13 16 (3.73%) Senior React Developer
14 14 (3.26%) HTML CSS Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 376 (87.65%) HTML
2 146 (34.03%) AngularJS
3 143 (33.33%) React
4 133 (31.00%) HTML5
5 91 (21.21%) CSS3
6 81 (18.88%) Node.js
7 71 (16.55%) .NET
8 63 (14.69%) Redux
9 52 (12.12%) jQuery
10 47 (10.96%) Sass
11 44 (10.26%) ASP.NET
11 44 (10.26%) RESTful
12 39 (9.09%) Twitter Bootstrap
13 38 (8.86%) Web Services
14 37 (8.62%) GraphQL
15 34 (7.93%) Jest
16 31 (7.23%) REST
17 30 (6.99%) JSON
18 29 (6.76%) ASP.NET MVC
18 29 (6.76%) XML
Miscellaneous
1 91 (21.21%) User Experience
2 29 (6.76%) Greenfield Project
3 26 (6.06%) Analytical Skills
4 19 (4.43%) Mobile App
5 18 (4.20%) W3C
6 16 (3.73%) Data Structures
7 15 (3.50%) Enterprise Software
8 12 (2.80%) Algorithms
9 9 (2.10%) Self-Motivation
10 8 (1.86%) Public Cloud
11 7 (1.63%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
12 5 (1.17%) Management Information System
12 5 (1.17%) Mobile Payment
13 4 (0.93%) BYOD
13 4 (0.93%) Hedge funds
13 4 (0.93%) Learning Management System
14 3 (0.70%) Animation
14 3 (0.70%) Cloud Native
14 3 (0.70%) e-Learning
14 3 (0.70%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 21 (4.90%) Linux
2 8 (1.86%) Windows
3 6 (1.40%) Unix
4 4 (0.93%) Android
4 4 (0.93%) Apple iOS
5 2 (0.47%) Mac OS
5 2 (0.47%) Mac OS X
5 2 (0.47%) Windows 10
Processes & Methodologies
1 210 (48.95%) Agile Software Development
2 126 (29.37%) Front End Development
3 94 (21.91%) TDD
4 61 (14.22%) Test Automation
5 51 (11.89%) DevOps
6 50 (11.66%) Scrum
7 49 (11.42%) MVC
8 48 (11.19%) Continuous Integration
9 47 (10.96%) Web Development
10 38 (8.86%) E-Commerce
11 37 (8.62%) Microservices
12 33 (7.69%) Computer Science
13 31 (7.23%) Software Engineering
13 31 (7.23%) Wireframes
14 30 (6.99%) BDD
15 24 (5.59%) OO
15 24 (5.59%) Problem-Solving
16 23 (5.36%) SDLC
17 22 (5.13%) Content Management
17 22 (5.13%) Unit Testing
Programming Languages
1 321 (74.83%) JavaScript
2 80 (18.65%) TypeScript
3 75 (17.48%) Java
4 73 (17.02%) SQL
5 69 (16.08%) C#
6 41 (9.56%) ES6
7 38 (8.86%) Python
8 21 (4.90%) PHP
8 21 (4.90%) Ruby
9 12 (2.80%) PowerShell
10 9 (2.10%) Kotlin
11 8 (1.86%) Java 8
12 7 (1.63%) Scala
13 6 (1.40%) T-SQL
13 6 (1.40%) VBA
14 5 (1.17%) ES7
14 5 (1.17%) PL/SQL
15 4 (0.93%) Go
16 2 (0.47%) Perl
16 2 (0.47%) PHP 7
Qualifications
1 27 (6.29%) Degree
2 17 (3.96%) Security Cleared
3 13 (3.03%) Computer Science Degree
4 10 (2.33%) SC Cleared
5 7 (1.63%) Master's Degree
6 5 (1.17%) BC Cleared
7 3 (0.70%) BPSS Clearance
8 2 (0.47%) DBS Check
8 2 (0.47%) DV Cleared
9 1 (0.23%) CTC Cleared
9 1 (0.23%) PMI Certification
9 1 (0.23%) PMP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 31 (7.23%) QA
2 23 (5.36%) WCAG
3 2 (0.47%) GDPR
4 1 (0.23%) Data Quality
4 1 (0.23%) PMO
4 1 (0.23%) SLA
System Software
1 35 (8.16%) Docker
2 5 (1.17%) Virtual Machines
3 2 (0.47%) Active Directory
Systems Management
1 23 (5.36%) Kubernetes
2 19 (4.43%) Terraform
3 3 (0.70%) Ansible
4 2 (0.47%) Docker Swarm
5 1 (0.23%) Kibana
5 1 (0.23%) MIIS
Vendors
1 28 (6.53%) Microsoft
2 17 (3.96%) Adobe
3 16 (3.73%) Oracle
4 12 (2.80%) Google
5 9 (2.10%) Sitecore
6 7 (1.63%) Atlassian
6 7 (1.63%) Vermilion
7 4 (0.93%) New Relic
7 4 (0.93%) SAP
7 4 (0.93%) ServiceNow
8 3 (0.70%) IBM
8 3 (0.70%) Perforce
8 3 (0.70%) Splunk
9 2 (0.47%) Apple
9 2 (0.47%) Salesforce.com
10 1 (0.23%) Bloomberg
10 1 (0.23%) ESRI
10 1 (0.23%) Informatica
10 1 (0.23%) Sony
10 1 (0.23%) TIBCO