Period
to 17 October 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in Central London with a requirement for CSS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited CSS over the 6 months to 17 October 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

CSS (Cascading Style Sheets)
London > Central London
6 months to
17 Oct 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 22 20 14
Rank change year-on-year -2 -6 -4
Contract jobs citing CSS 541 742 754
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in Central London 7.11% 8.15% 9.35%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 19.36% 19.70% 24.98%
Number of daily rates quoted 424 606 611
Central London median daily rate £500 £475 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.26% - +8.57%
10th Percentile £340 £313 £313
90th Percentile £625 £625 £625
London median daily rate £500 £475 £450
% change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 1 0
Central London median hourly rate - £55.00 -
London median hourly rate £50.00 £39.75 £20.44
% change year-on-year +25.79% +94.52% -54.59%

CSS is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in Central London with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
Central London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 2,795 3,766 3,018
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in Central London 36.76% 41.37% 37.42%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,268 3,081 2,449
Central London median daily rate £525 £525 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.00% +8.11%
10th Percentile £400 £375 £355
90th Percentile £675 £663 £650
London median daily rate £525 £525 £500
% change year-on-year - +5.00% +11.11%
Number of hourly rates quoted 6 9 11
Central London median hourly rate £46.85 £32.00 £21.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +46.40% +48.84% -38.57%
10th Percentile £31.06 £19.76 £18.50
90th Percentile £60.25 £70.15 £25.86
London median hourly rate £47.83 £43.50 £30.38
% change year-on-year +9.95% +43.21% -28.53%

CSS
Job Vacancy Trend in Central London

Job postings citing CSS as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in Central London.

Job vacancy trend for CSS in Central London

CSS
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in Central London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing CSS in Central London.

Contractor daily rate trend for CSS in Central London

CSS
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in Central London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing CSS in Central London over the 6 months to 17 October 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for CSS in Central London

CSS
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in Central London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS in Central London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for CSS in Central London

CSS
Contract Job Locations in Central London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS within the Central London region over the 6 months to 17 October 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
City of London -3 395 £500 +5.26% 242
Southwark +25 46 £525 +12.90%
City of Westminster +4 17 £456 -6.89%
West End of London +4 11 £381 -21.79% 1
Kensington and Chelsea -1 3 £300 -7.69%
CSS
London

For the 6 months to 17 October 2019, IT contractor jobs citing CSS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the Central London region with a requirement for CSS.

1 492 (90.94%) HTML
2 420 (77.63%) JavaScript
3 279 (51.57%) Agile Software Development
4 216 (39.93%) React
5 198 (36.60%) HTML5
6 181 (33.46%) AngularJS
7 157 (29.02%) Front End Development
8 142 (26.25%) TDD
9 124 (22.92%) CSS3
10 107 (19.78%) Java
11 100 (18.48%) Node.js
12 99 (18.30%) TypeScript
13 92 (17.01%) Git (software)
14 91 (16.82%) C#
15 87 (16.08%) User Experience
16 86 (15.90%) Redux
17 82 (15.16%) MVC
18 80 (14.79%) Web Development
19 75 (13.86%) .NET
20 74 (13.68%) SQL
20 74 (13.68%) Finance
21 73 (13.49%) Azure
22 72 (13.31%) jQuery
23 70 (12.94%) DevOps
24 68 (12.57%) SQL Server
25 67 (12.38%) Twitter Bootstrap
26 66 (12.20%) Sass
27 64 (11.83%) AWS
28 60 (11.09%) ASP.NET
29 59 (10.91%) Microservices

CSS
Co-occurring IT Skills in Central London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 45 (8.32%) CMS
2 18 (3.33%) Confluence
3 16 (2.96%) Adobe Experience Manager
3 16 (2.96%) SharePoint
4 14 (2.59%) WordPress
5 13 (2.40%) Elasticsearch
6 12 (2.22%) IIS
7 11 (2.03%) Apache
8 10 (1.85%) JBoss
9 9 (1.66%) Drupal
10 8 (1.48%) Umbraco
11 7 (1.29%) WebSphere
12 6 (1.11%) SharePoint 2013
13 5 (0.92%) Sitecore CMS
14 4 (0.74%) Apache Solr
15 3 (0.55%) Appian
15 3 (0.55%) EPiServer
15 3 (0.55%) Tomcat
16 2 (0.37%) Apache Spark
16 2 (0.37%) Magnolia
Applications
1 16 (2.96%) Photoshop
2 10 (1.85%) Adobe Illustrator
2 10 (1.85%) Sketch
3 6 (1.11%) Adobe Creative Suite
4 5 (0.92%) InVision
4 5 (0.92%) Microsoft Excel
5 4 (0.74%) Adobe XD
5 4 (0.74%) InDesign
5 4 (0.74%) Microsoft Office
5 4 (0.74%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 3 (0.55%) Chatbot
7 2 (0.37%) Zeplin
8 1 (0.18%) Marvel
Business Applications
1 7 (1.29%) Magento
2 6 (1.11%) Dynamics CRM
3 5 (0.92%) Adobe Campaign
4 2 (0.37%) Shopify
5 1 (0.18%) Eloqua
5 1 (0.18%) SDL Web 8
5 1 (0.18%) SessionCam
5 1 (0.18%) WebTrends
Cloud Services
1 73 (13.49%) Azure
2 64 (11.83%) AWS
3 18 (3.33%) GCP
4 16 (2.96%) npm
5 15 (2.77%) GitHub
6 12 (2.22%) Serverless
7 10 (1.85%) Office 365
8 9 (1.66%) PaaS
9 7 (1.29%) AWS Lambda
9 7 (1.29%) Power Platform
10 6 (1.11%) SaaS
11 5 (0.92%) Adobe Analytics
11 5 (0.92%) Amazon S3
11 5 (0.92%) Amazon SQS
11 5 (0.92%) Microsoft Flow
12 4 (0.74%) Cloud Computing
12 4 (0.74%) Dynamics 365
12 4 (0.74%) Google Analytics
12 4 (0.74%) PowerApps
13 3 (0.55%) Heroku
Communications & Networking
1 10 (1.85%) HTTP
2 6 (1.11%) FTP
2 6 (1.11%) Intranet
3 4 (0.74%) DNS
3 4 (0.74%) SSL
3 4 (0.74%) TCP/IP
4 3 (0.55%) Internet
4 3 (0.55%) VPN
5 2 (0.37%) Firewall
6 1 (0.18%) Ethernet
6 1 (0.18%) LAN
6 1 (0.18%) SMS
6 1 (0.18%) SMTP
6 1 (0.18%) SSH
6 1 (0.18%) VLAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 68 (12.57%) SQL Server
2 36 (6.65%) MySQL
3 32 (5.91%) NoSQL
4 26 (4.81%) Relational Database
5 23 (4.25%) PostgreSQL
6 14 (2.59%) MongoDB
7 7 (1.29%) Apache Cassandra
7 7 (1.29%) HBase
8 5 (0.92%) Big Data
9 4 (0.74%) Amazon DynamoDB
9 4 (0.74%) Couchbase
9 4 (0.74%) Jackrabbit
9 4 (0.74%) Oracle Database
9 4 (0.74%) SQL Server 2008
10 3 (0.55%) RDBMS
11 2 (0.37%) DB2
11 2 (0.37%) Hadoop
11 2 (0.37%) Oracle Reports
11 2 (0.37%) Power BI
11 2 (0.37%) SQL Server 2016
Development Applications
1 92 (17.01%) Git (software)
2 36 (6.65%) JIRA
3 35 (6.47%) webpack
4 32 (5.91%) gulp
5 31 (5.73%) Visual Studio
6 26 (4.81%) Jenkins
7 25 (4.62%) Grunt
8 18 (3.33%) Team Foundation Server
9 17 (3.14%) TeamCity
10 16 (2.96%) Jasmine
11 15 (2.77%) Selenium
12 14 (2.59%) Octopus Deploy
13 13 (2.40%) Mocha
14 12 (2.22%) Bitbucket
15 11 (2.03%) Babel
15 11 (2.03%) Moq
16 10 (1.85%) MSTest
16 10 (1.85%) Subversion
17 9 (1.66%) Atlassian Bamboo
17 9 (1.66%) Cucumber
General
1 74 (13.68%) Finance
2 39 (7.21%) Marketing
3 35 (6.47%) Banking
4 25 (4.62%) Front Office
5 23 (4.25%) Retail
6 21 (3.88%) Public Sector
7 16 (2.96%) Advertising
8 12 (2.22%) Investment Banking
9 10 (1.85%) Law
10 7 (1.29%) Games
11 6 (1.11%) Police
11 6 (1.11%) Telecoms
12 3 (0.55%) Automotive
12 3 (0.55%) Electronics
12 3 (0.55%) Manufacturing
12 3 (0.55%) Publishing
13 2 (0.37%) Aerospace
13 2 (0.37%) Legal
14 1 (0.18%) Financial Institution
14 1 (0.18%) International Banking
Job Titles
1 444 (82.07%) Developer
2 140 (25.88%) React Developer
3 106 (19.59%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
4 91 (16.82%) JavaScript Developer
5 67 (12.38%) Angular Developer
6 66 (12.20%) Full Stack Developer
7 47 (8.69%) Senior Developer
8 32 (5.91%) UI Developer
9 30 (5.55%) .NET Developer
10 29 (5.36%) Java Developer
11 27 (4.99%) Web Developer
12 26 (4.81%) C# Developer
13 22 (4.07%) Designer
14 19 (3.51%) HTML Developer
15 18 (3.33%) UX Designer
16 15 (2.77%) Architect
17 14 (2.59%) HTML CSS Developer
17 14 (2.59%) Node.js Developer
17 14 (2.59%) PHP Developer
18 12 (2.22%) Senior React Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 492 (90.94%) HTML
2 216 (39.93%) React
3 198 (36.60%) HTML5
4 181 (33.46%) AngularJS
5 124 (22.92%) CSS3
6 100 (18.48%) Node.js
7 86 (15.90%) Redux
8 75 (13.86%) .NET
9 72 (13.31%) jQuery
10 67 (12.38%) Twitter Bootstrap
11 66 (12.20%) Sass
12 60 (11.09%) ASP.NET
13 55 (10.17%) REST
14 42 (7.76%) ASP.NET MVC
14 42 (7.76%) Spring
15 40 (7.39%) RESTful
16 38 (7.02%) Web Services
17 37 (6.84%) .NET Framework
18 31 (5.73%) JSON
18 31 (5.73%) XML
Miscellaneous
1 87 (16.08%) User Experience
2 35 (6.47%) Greenfield Project
3 18 (3.33%) Mobile App
4 16 (2.96%) Analytical Skills
5 11 (2.03%) W3C
6 9 (1.66%) Public Cloud
7 7 (1.29%) Enterprise Software
7 7 (1.29%) Music Streaming
8 6 (1.11%) Virtual Team
9 5 (0.92%) Fixed Income
10 4 (0.74%) e-Learning
10 4 (0.74%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
10 4 (0.74%) Self-Motivation
10 4 (0.74%) SWIFT
11 3 (0.55%) Algorithms
11 3 (0.55%) Digital Media
11 3 (0.55%) Mainframe
11 3 (0.55%) Management Information System
11 3 (0.55%) Market Risk
11 3 (0.55%) Marketing Technology
Operating Systems
1 40 (7.39%) Linux
2 16 (2.96%) Unix
3 12 (2.22%) Windows
4 6 (1.11%) Apple iOS
5 4 (0.74%) Windows 10
6 3 (0.55%) Mac OS X
7 2 (0.37%) Android
7 2 (0.37%) Mac OS
7 2 (0.37%) Solaris
7 2 (0.37%) VMS
8 1 (0.18%) Windows Server
Processes & Methodologies
1 279 (51.57%) Agile Software Development
2 157 (29.02%) Front End Development
3 142 (26.25%) TDD
4 82 (15.16%) MVC
5 80 (14.79%) Web Development
6 70 (12.94%) DevOps
7 59 (10.91%) Microservices
8 56 (10.35%) Test Automation
9 54 (9.98%) Scrum
10 53 (9.80%) Software Engineering
11 47 (8.69%) Continuous Integration
12 45 (8.32%) E-Commerce
13 42 (7.76%) BDD
14 35 (6.47%) Responsive Web Design
15 33 (6.10%) OO
16 30 (5.55%) SOA
16 30 (5.55%) Wireframes
17 29 (5.36%) Unit Testing
18 28 (5.18%) Analytics
18 28 (5.18%) SDLC
Programming Languages
1 420 (77.63%) JavaScript
2 107 (19.78%) Java
3 99 (18.30%) TypeScript
4 91 (16.82%) C#
5 74 (13.68%) SQL
6 55 (10.17%) ES6
7 43 (7.95%) Python
8 36 (6.65%) PHP
9 16 (2.96%) PowerShell
9 16 (2.96%) Ruby
10 11 (2.03%) Java 8
11 10 (1.85%) Scala
12 8 (1.48%) Go
13 7 (1.29%) Perl
13 7 (1.29%) PHP 7
13 7 (1.29%) T-SQL
14 5 (0.92%) ES7
15 3 (0.55%) JSX
16 2 (0.37%) Java 9
16 2 (0.37%) Kotlin
Qualifications
1 29 (5.36%) Degree
2 18 (3.33%) Security Cleared
3 15 (2.77%) Computer Science Degree
3 15 (2.77%) SC Cleared
4 6 (1.11%) Master's Degree
5 4 (0.74%) BPSS Clearance
6 1 (0.18%) BC Cleared
6 1 (0.18%) DV Cleared
6 1 (0.18%) PMI Certification
6 1 (0.18%) PMP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 29 (5.36%) QA
2 17 (3.14%) WCAG
3 1 (0.18%) Data Quality
3 1 (0.18%) PCI DSS
System Software
1 39 (7.21%) Docker
2 6 (1.11%) Virtual Machines
3 1 (0.18%) XenApp
Systems Management
1 15 (2.77%) Kubernetes
2 12 (2.22%) Terraform
3 7 (1.29%) Ansible
4 4 (0.74%) Docker Swarm
5 2 (0.37%) Single Sign-On
6 1 (0.18%) MIIS
6 1 (0.18%) Opscode Chef
6 1 (0.18%) SCCM
Vendors
1 38 (7.02%) Microsoft
2 30 (5.55%) Adobe
3 25 (4.62%) Oracle
4 15 (2.77%) Atlassian
4 15 (2.77%) Google
5 10 (1.85%) Sitecore
6 8 (1.48%) Salesforce.com
7 5 (0.92%) Perforce
7 5 (0.92%) ServiceNow
8 4 (0.74%) IBM
9 3 (0.55%) Cisco
9 3 (0.55%) New Relic
9 3 (0.55%) Pega
9 3 (0.55%) Salesforce Marketing Cloud
9 3 (0.55%) SAP
9 3 (0.55%) Sonatype
9 3 (0.55%) Splunk
9 3 (0.55%) Sybase
9 3 (0.55%) Twitter
10 2 (0.37%) Optimizely