Period
to 19 May 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in Central London with a requirement for CSS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited CSS over the 6 months to 19 May 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

CSS (Cascading Style Sheets)
London > Central London
6 months to
19 May 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 22 17 15
Rank change year-on-year -5 -2 +2
Contract jobs citing CSS 639 830 627
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in Central London 7.56% 9.01% 8.62%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 19.02% 22.98% 23.47%
Number of daily rates quoted 529 666 535
Central London median daily rate £500 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% +5.88%
10th Percentile £340 £325 £313
90th Percentile £600 £594 £588
London median daily rate £488 £475 £425
% change year-on-year +2.63% +11.76% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 1 1 1
Central London median hourly rate £14.00 £55.00 £35.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -74.55% +57.14% -36.36%
London median hourly rate £37.25 £45.00 £22.00
% change year-on-year -17.22% +104.55% -48.84%

CSS is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in Central London with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
Central London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 3,360 3,612 2,672
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in Central London 39.75% 39.20% 36.72%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,687 2,955 2,169
Central London median daily rate £525 £505 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +3.96% +6.32% +2.70%
10th Percentile £406 £363 £325
90th Percentile £675 £650 £638
London median daily rate £525 £500 £475
% change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% +3.26%
Number of hourly rates quoted 12 16 5
Central London median hourly rate £45.44 £22.00 £24.86
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +106.53% -11.50% -42.94%
10th Percentile £23.28 £21.13 £23.98
90th Percentile £69.08 £127.50 £33.73
London median hourly rate £42.50 £43.71 £44.50
% change year-on-year -2.76% -1.78% +4.71%

CSS
Job Vacancy Trend in Central London

Job postings citing CSS as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in Central London.

Job vacancy trend for CSS in Central London

CSS
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in Central London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing CSS in Central London.

Contractor daily rate trend for CSS in Central London

CSS
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in Central London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing CSS in Central London over the 6 months to 19 May 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for CSS in Central London

CSS
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in Central London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS in Central London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for CSS in Central London

CSS
Contract Job Locations in Central London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS within the Central London region over the 6 months to 19 May 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
City of London -6 419 £500 +5.26% 89
Southwark 0 58 £500 +17.65%
City of Westminster +2 18 £488 +14.71%
West End of London -10 18 £500 +11.11% 1
Camden +1 1 £525 +44.83% 1
Kensington and Chelsea - 1 £325 -
CSS
London

For the 6 months to 19 May 2019, IT contractor jobs citing CSS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the Central London region with a requirement for CSS.

1 597 (93.43%) HTML
2 512 (80.13%) JavaScript
3 328 (51.33%) Agile Software Development
4 306 (47.89%) HTML5
5 215 (33.65%) React
6 207 (32.39%) AngularJS
7 185 (28.95%) Git (software)
8 160 (25.04%) TDD
9 152 (23.79%) Front End Development
10 144 (22.54%) Node.js
11 135 (21.13%) jQuery
12 134 (20.97%) CSS3
12 134 (20.97%) Java
13 111 (17.37%) SQL
14 110 (17.21%) Sass
15 109 (17.06%) MVC
16 98 (15.34%) Scrum
17 96 (15.02%) Redux
18 95 (14.87%) Finance
18 95 (14.87%) REST
19 93 (14.55%) ES6
20 90 (14.08%) Twitter Bootstrap
20 90 (14.08%) Amazon AWS
20 90 (14.08%) .NET
20 90 (14.08%) C#
21 88 (13.77%) TypeScript
22 81 (12.68%) Web Development
23 79 (12.36%) User Experience
24 76 (11.89%) Linux
25 72 (11.27%) Microservices

CSS
Co-occurring IT Skills in Central London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 41 (6.42%) CMS
2 25 (3.91%) Adobe Experience Manager
2 25 (3.91%) Elasticsearch
3 18 (2.82%) WordPress
4 17 (2.66%) Apache
5 14 (2.19%) Drupal
6 11 (1.72%) Confluence
7 10 (1.56%) WebSphere
8 7 (1.10%) Apache Solr
8 7 (1.10%) Apache Spark
8 7 (1.10%) Gunicorn
9 6 (0.94%) Magnolia
10 5 (0.78%) EPiServer
10 5 (0.78%) JBoss
10 5 (0.78%) Sitecore CMS
10 5 (0.78%) Umbraco
11 4 (0.63%) IIS
12 3 (0.47%) Kentico
12 3 (0.47%) WebLogic
13 2 (0.31%) Tomcat
Applications
1 15 (2.35%) Photoshop
2 14 (2.19%) Microsoft Excel
3 10 (1.56%) Sketch
4 8 (1.25%) Adobe Illustrator
5 3 (0.47%) Adobe Creative Suite
6 2 (0.31%) Adobe After Effects
6 2 (0.31%) InVision
7 1 (0.16%) Acrobat
7 1 (0.16%) Adobe Premiere
7 1 (0.16%) Adobe XD
7 1 (0.16%) Chatbot
7 1 (0.16%) InDesign
7 1 (0.16%) MS Visio
7 1 (0.16%) OmniGraffle
7 1 (0.16%) UXPin
Business Applications
1 7 (1.10%) Magento
2 5 (0.78%) Adobe Campaign
3 2 (0.31%) Endur
4 1 (0.16%) Dynamics CRM
4 1 (0.16%) Eloqua
4 1 (0.16%) Oracle BPM
4 1 (0.16%) SAP Hybris
4 1 (0.16%) SDL Web 8
4 1 (0.16%) Shopify
Cloud Services
1 90 (14.08%) Amazon AWS
2 53 (8.29%) Microsoft Azure
3 30 (4.69%) GitHub
4 23 (3.60%) Serverless
5 13 (2.03%) Heroku
6 12 (1.88%) AWS Lambda
6 12 (1.88%) OpenShift
7 11 (1.72%) Google Cloud Platform
8 10 (1.56%) Google Analytics
8 10 (1.56%) npm
9 7 (1.10%) Adobe Analytics
10 6 (0.94%) PaaS
10 6 (0.94%) SaaS
11 5 (0.78%) Amazon SQS
12 4 (0.63%) Azure Functions
12 4 (0.63%) Yarn
13 3 (0.47%) Azure Active Directory
13 3 (0.47%) Dynamics 365
13 3 (0.47%) Salesforce Service Cloud
14 2 (0.31%) Firebase
Communications & Networking
1 28 (4.38%) HTTP
2 21 (3.29%) SSL
2 21 (3.29%) TCP/IP
3 18 (2.82%) DNS
3 18 (2.82%) FTP
4 9 (1.41%) Internet
5 1 (0.16%) BGP
5 1 (0.16%) Cisco IOS
5 1 (0.16%) Cisco PIX
5 1 (0.16%) DWDM
5 1 (0.16%) EIGRP
5 1 (0.16%) Firewall
5 1 (0.16%) IOS XR
5 1 (0.16%) MPLS
5 1 (0.16%) Multicast
5 1 (0.16%) NFC
5 1 (0.16%) OSPF
5 1 (0.16%) SONET
5 1 (0.16%) SSH
5 1 (0.16%) VPLS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 71 (11.11%) SQL Server
2 56 (8.76%) MySQL
3 38 (5.95%) MongoDB
3 38 (5.95%) PostgreSQL
4 35 (5.48%) Relational Database
5 29 (4.54%) NoSQL
6 20 (3.13%) Big Data
7 17 (2.66%) Apache Cassandra
8 13 (2.03%) Blockchain
9 7 (1.10%) Hadoop
10 5 (0.78%) Amazon DynamoDB
10 5 (0.78%) Couchbase
10 5 (0.78%) Redis
11 4 (0.63%) SQL Server 2008
12 3 (0.47%) Azure SQL Database
12 3 (0.47%) Cosmos DB
12 3 (0.47%) CouchDB
12 3 (0.47%) SQL Server 2005
12 3 (0.47%) SQL Server 2012
12 3 (0.47%) SQL Server 2016
Development Applications
1 185 (28.95%) Git (software)
2 55 (8.61%) gulp
3 52 (8.14%) webpack
4 47 (7.36%) Jenkins
5 39 (6.10%) Mocha
6 36 (5.63%) JIRA
7 34 (5.32%) Team Foundation Server
8 33 (5.16%) Jasmine
9 25 (3.91%) Octopus Deploy
9 25 (3.91%) Selenium
10 24 (3.76%) Grunt
11 23 (3.60%) Gatling
11 23 (3.60%) GitLab
12 21 (3.29%) Gradle
13 20 (3.13%) Subversion
13 20 (3.13%) Visual Studio
14 14 (2.19%) Cucumber
14 14 (2.19%) Karma Test Runner
14 14 (2.19%) TeamCity
15 13 (2.03%) PostCSS
General
1 95 (14.87%) Finance
2 46 (7.20%) Banking
3 32 (5.01%) Marketing
4 18 (2.82%) Retail
5 11 (1.72%) Front Office
5 11 (1.72%) Publishing
6 6 (0.94%) Investment Banking
7 5 (0.78%) French Language
8 4 (0.63%) Dutch Language
8 4 (0.63%) German Language
8 4 (0.63%) Italian Language
8 4 (0.63%) Spanish Language
9 3 (0.47%) Advertising
9 3 (0.47%) Telecoms
10 1 (0.16%) Back Office
10 1 (0.16%) Financial Institution
10 1 (0.16%) Games
10 1 (0.16%) International Banking
10 1 (0.16%) Legal
10 1 (0.16%) Manufacturing
Job Titles
1 509 (79.66%) Developer
2 152 (23.79%) React Developer
3 131 (20.50%) JavaScript Developer
4 117 (18.31%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
5 84 (13.15%) Full Stack Developer
6 55 (8.61%) Angular Developer
7 51 (7.98%) Senior Developer
8 38 (5.95%) .NET Developer
9 37 (5.79%) Java Developer
10 29 (4.54%) Node.js Developer
11 28 (4.38%) UI Developer
12 26 (4.07%) HTML Developer
13 17 (2.66%) Designer
13 17 (2.66%) Web Developer
14 16 (2.50%) ServiceNow Developer
15 15 (2.35%) ASP.NET Developer
15 15 (2.35%) Lead Developer
16 14 (2.19%) HTML CSS Developer
17 13 (2.03%) Architect
18 12 (1.88%) C# Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 597 (93.43%) HTML
2 306 (47.89%) HTML5
3 215 (33.65%) React
4 207 (32.39%) AngularJS
5 144 (22.54%) Node.js
6 135 (21.13%) jQuery
7 134 (20.97%) CSS3
8 110 (17.21%) Sass
9 96 (15.02%) Redux
10 95 (14.87%) REST
11 90 (14.08%) .NET
11 90 (14.08%) Twitter Bootstrap
12 67 (10.49%) RESTful
13 66 (10.33%) SOAP
14 62 (9.70%) XML
15 59 (9.23%) ASP.NET
15 59 (9.23%) JSON
16 52 (8.14%) Vue.js
17 48 (7.51%) Web Services
18 46 (7.20%) Jest
Miscellaneous
1 79 (12.36%) User Experience
2 38 (5.95%) Greenfield Project
3 34 (5.32%) Mobile App
4 33 (5.16%) Analytical Skills
5 28 (4.38%) Fintech
6 19 (2.97%) Data Structures
7 15 (2.35%) W3C
8 13 (2.03%) Algorithms
8 13 (2.03%) Fat Client
8 13 (2.03%) Thin Client
9 12 (1.88%) Clustering
10 10 (1.56%) Self-Motivation
11 8 (1.25%) Virtual Team
12 5 (0.78%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
12 5 (0.78%) Social Media
13 4 (0.63%) Graphic Design
13 4 (0.63%) iPad
13 4 (0.63%) Management Information System
13 4 (0.63%) RIA
13 4 (0.63%) Vector Graphics
Operating Systems
1 76 (11.89%) Linux
2 20 (3.13%) Unix
3 16 (2.50%) Windows
4 11 (1.72%) Android
4 11 (1.72%) Apple iOS
5 8 (1.25%) Mac OS X
6 5 (0.78%) Mac OS
7 1 (0.16%) Ubuntu
Processes & Methodologies
1 328 (51.33%) Agile Software Development
2 160 (25.04%) TDD
3 152 (23.79%) Front End Development
4 109 (17.06%) MVC
5 98 (15.34%) Scrum
6 81 (12.68%) Web Development
7 72 (11.27%) Microservices
8 70 (10.95%) BDD
9 69 (10.80%) DevOps
9 69 (10.80%) Test Automation
10 65 (10.17%) Software Engineering
11 63 (9.86%) Responsive Web Design
12 60 (9.39%) Unit Testing
13 54 (8.45%) Continuous Integration
14 53 (8.29%) OO
14 53 (8.29%) Problem-Solving
15 48 (7.51%) E-Commerce
16 38 (5.95%) Analytics
17 35 (5.48%) Continuous Deployment
18 33 (5.16%) SDLC
Programming Languages
1 512 (80.13%) JavaScript
2 134 (20.97%) Java
3 111 (17.37%) SQL
4 93 (14.55%) ES6
5 90 (14.08%) C#
6 88 (13.77%) TypeScript
7 52 (8.14%) PHP
8 42 (6.57%) Python
9 38 (5.95%) Java 8
10 27 (4.23%) Ruby
11 17 (2.66%) Scala
12 11 (1.72%) T-SQL
13 10 (1.56%) JSX
14 9 (1.41%) PowerShell
15 8 (1.25%) ES7
15 8 (1.25%) Go
15 8 (1.25%) PHP 7
16 7 (1.10%) Kotlin
17 6 (0.94%) Clojure
17 6 (0.94%) Groovy
Qualifications
1 40 (6.26%) Degree
2 15 (2.35%) Numerate Degree
2 15 (2.35%) Security Cleared
3 13 (2.03%) SC Cleared
4 12 (1.88%) Computer Science Degree
5 2 (0.31%) BPSS Clearance
5 2 (0.31%) ITIL Certification
5 2 (0.31%) PRINCE2 Certification
6 1 (0.16%) CCIE
6 1 (0.16%) CCNP
6 1 (0.16%) Cisco Certification
6 1 (0.16%) DBS Check
6 1 (0.16%) Master's Degree
6 1 (0.16%) Microsoft Certification
6 1 (0.16%) PMI Certification
6 1 (0.16%) PMP
6 1 (0.16%) SAFe Agilist
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 28 (4.38%) QA
2 8 (1.25%) WCAG
3 1 (0.16%) Data Quality
System Software
1 65 (10.17%) Docker
2 3 (0.47%) Active Directory
3 1 (0.16%) Virtual Machines
3 1 (0.16%) zsh
Systems Management
1 24 (3.76%) Kubernetes
2 21 (3.29%) Ansible
3 18 (2.82%) Docker Swarm
4 12 (1.88%) Terraform
5 4 (0.63%) Puppet
6 3 (0.47%) Kibana
7 2 (0.31%) Grafana
7 2 (0.31%) logstash
7 2 (0.31%) Opscode Chef
Vendors
1 44 (6.89%) Microsoft
2 35 (5.48%) Adobe
3 22 (3.44%) Google
4 16 (2.50%) Oracle
4 16 (2.50%) ServiceNow
5 10 (1.56%) Splunk
6 9 (1.41%) hybris
7 8 (1.25%) Salesforce.com
7 8 (1.25%) Sitecore
8 4 (0.63%) Perforce
8 4 (0.63%) Salesforce Marketing Cloud
8 4 (0.63%) Twitter
9 3 (0.47%) Cypress Semiconductor
9 3 (0.47%) MuleSoft
10 2 (0.31%) Cisco
10 2 (0.31%) Pardot
10 2 (0.31%) Pega
10 2 (0.31%) Sonatype
10 2 (0.31%) VMware
10 2 (0.31%) Zend