Period
to 14 November 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Spring skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Spring over the 6 months to 14 November 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Pivotal Spring Framework
England > London
6 months to
14 Nov 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 55 64 85
Rank change year-on-year +9 +21 +2
Contract jobs citing Spring 2,159 1,810 1,402
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 4.64% 3.85% 3.11%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 11.85% 10.38% 8.94%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,642 1,339 1,075
London median daily rate £550 £525 £488
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +4.76% +7.69% +2.63%
10th Percentile £413 £388 £363
90th Percentile £675 £638 £625
England median daily rate £513 £475 £450
% change year-on-year +7.89% +5.56% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 1 4 0
London median hourly rate £35.00 £40.00 -
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -12.50% - -
England median hourly rate £41.75 £42.50 £43.75
% change year-on-year -1.76% -2.86% -2.78%

Spring is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 18,215 17,443 15,682
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 39.17% 37.14% 34.84%
Number of daily rates quoted 13,732 13,318 11,699
London median daily rate £525 £500 £463
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.00% +8.11% +2.78%
10th Percentile £370 £350 £315
90th Percentile £675 £650 £625
England median daily rate £475 £463 £425
% change year-on-year +2.70% +8.82% +3.03%
Number of hourly rates quoted 77 105 70
London median hourly rate £42.27 £30.75 £41.13
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +37.45% -25.23% +15.03%
10th Percentile £19.25 £19.00 £19.21
90th Percentile £67.06 £49.50 £68.75
England median hourly rate £41.53 £40.00 £37.50
% change year-on-year +3.83% +6.67% -

Spring
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Spring as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Spring in London

Spring
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Spring in London.

Contractor daily rate trend for Spring in London

Spring
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Spring in London over the 6 months to 14 November 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Spring in London

Spring
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Spring in London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Spring in London

Spring
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Spring within the London region over the 6 months to 14 November 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London +17 457 £550 +10.00% 152
South London -14 136 £525 - 7
West London +21 72 £550 +2.80% 95
East London +2 70 £569 +3.41% 20
North London -2 5 £600 +39.13%
Spring
England

For the 6 months to 14 November 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Spring also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for Spring.

1 2,093 (96.94%) Java
2 1,250 (57.90%) Agile Software Development
3 1,007 (46.64%) Spring Boot
4 956 (44.28%) Java 8
5 927 (42.94%) Microservices
6 856 (39.65%) TDD
7 627 (29.04%) JavaScript
8 605 (28.02%) Docker
9 552 (25.57%) REST
9 552 (25.57%) Maven
10 536 (24.83%) Hibernate
11 523 (24.22%) Amazon AWS
12 497 (23.02%) Git (software)
13 490 (22.70%) BDD
14 482 (22.33%) Jenkins
15 470 (21.77%) Finance
16 464 (21.49%) RESTful
17 449 (20.80%) Banking
18 440 (20.38%) AngularJS
19 423 (19.59%) Web Services
20 420 (19.45%) DevOps
21 414 (19.18%) SQL
22 383 (17.74%) Continuous Integration
23 373 (17.28%) Scrum
24 360 (16.67%) HTML
25 317 (14.68%) JUnit
26 305 (14.13%) Relational Database
27 302 (13.99%) Kubernetes
28 299 (13.85%) NoSQL
29 291 (13.48%) Kafka

Spring
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 149 (6.90%) Elasticsearch
2 110 (5.09%) Confluence
3 96 (4.45%) Apache
4 93 (4.31%) Tomcat
5 86 (3.98%) Mule
6 77 (3.57%) Apache Spark
7 68 (3.15%) WebSphere
8 54 (2.50%) JBoss
9 45 (2.08%) WebLogic
10 41 (1.90%) Apache Solr
10 41 (1.90%) Cloud Foundry
11 34 (1.57%) CMS
12 28 (1.30%) MQSeries
13 22 (1.02%) Oracle SOA Suite
14 19 (0.88%) Jetty
14 19 (0.88%) nginx
15 17 (0.79%) WordPress
16 15 (0.69%) GlassFish
17 11 (0.51%) Adobe Experience Manager
17 11 (0.51%) Oracle Coherence
Applications
1 9 (0.42%) MS Visio
2 6 (0.28%) Microsoft Excel
3 5 (0.23%) Spreadsheet
4 3 (0.14%) Microsoft Office
5 2 (0.093%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 1 (0.046%) InVision
6 1 (0.046%) Microsoft Project
Business Applications
1 23 (1.07%) SAP Hybris
2 12 (0.56%) ION MarketView
3 4 (0.19%) Global One
4 3 (0.14%) Oracle Financials
4 3 (0.14%) Oracle Retail
4 3 (0.14%) PeopleSoft Financials
4 3 (0.14%) Salesforce.com CRM
4 3 (0.14%) Workday HCM
5 2 (0.093%) BusinessWorks
5 2 (0.093%) Infor SunSystems
5 2 (0.093%) Kondor
5 2 (0.093%) LatentZero
5 2 (0.093%) Oracle BPM
5 2 (0.093%) R3 Corda
5 2 (0.093%) thinkFolio
6 1 (0.046%) Adobe Campaign
6 1 (0.046%) Distributed Ledger
6 1 (0.046%) Payment Gateway
6 1 (0.046%) SAP ERP
6 1 (0.046%) SunGard Martini
Cloud Services
1 523 (24.22%) Amazon AWS
2 116 (5.37%) Microsoft Azure
3 65 (3.01%) Google Cloud Platform
4 59 (2.73%) GitHub
5 56 (2.59%) Amazon EC2
6 32 (1.48%) OpenShift
6 32 (1.48%) Serverless
7 28 (1.30%) PaaS
8 26 (1.20%) AWS Lambda
9 22 (1.02%) Heroku
10 21 (0.97%) Apigee
11 20 (0.93%) Amazon S3
12 16 (0.74%) npm
13 14 (0.65%) Amazon Kinesis
13 14 (0.65%) IaaS
14 12 (0.56%) SaaS
15 11 (0.51%) Cloud Computing
16 8 (0.37%) Amazon SQS
16 8 (0.37%) Virtual Private Cloud
17 7 (0.32%) Stackdriver
Communications & Networking
1 102 (4.72%) HTTP
2 45 (2.08%) TCP/IP
3 38 (1.76%) SSL
4 34 (1.57%) FTP
5 31 (1.44%) Kerberos
6 26 (1.20%) DNS
7 12 (0.56%) AMQP
8 8 (0.37%) Internet
9 6 (0.28%) Reverse Proxy
9 6 (0.28%) SMS
10 5 (0.23%) HTTPS
10 5 (0.23%) SMTP
11 4 (0.19%) DOCSIS
11 4 (0.19%) Firewall
12 3 (0.14%) DHCP
12 3 (0.14%) Network Security
13 2 (0.093%) FIX Connectivity
13 2 (0.093%) RTMP
14 1 (0.046%) NetScaler
14 1 (0.046%) PuTTY
Database & Business Intelligence
1 305 (14.13%) Relational Database
2 299 (13.85%) NoSQL
3 290 (13.43%) MongoDB
4 160 (7.41%) MySQL
5 156 (7.23%) Apache Cassandra
6 146 (6.76%) SQL Server
7 143 (6.62%) PostgreSQL
8 136 (6.30%) RDBMS
9 103 (4.77%) Big Data
10 75 (3.47%) Redis
11 69 (3.20%) Hadoop
12 54 (2.50%) Oracle Database
13 35 (1.62%) Couchbase
14 34 (1.57%) Amazon DynamoDB
15 33 (1.53%) HBase
16 24 (1.11%) Riak
17 22 (1.02%) Hazelcast
18 17 (0.79%) Oracle Database 11g
19 16 (0.74%) Amazon RDS
20 14 (0.65%) Apache Hive
Development Applications
1 552 (25.57%) Maven
2 497 (23.02%) Git (software)
3 482 (22.33%) Jenkins
4 317 (14.68%) JUnit
5 180 (8.34%) JIRA
6 158 (7.32%) Mockito
7 154 (7.13%) Cucumber
8 151 (6.99%) Gradle
9 118 (5.47%) Subversion
10 76 (3.52%) Selenium
11 71 (3.29%) Hudson
12 61 (2.83%) IntelliJ
13 59 (2.73%) Eclipse
14 53 (2.45%) SonarQube
15 52 (2.41%) jMock
16 50 (2.32%) Atlassian Bamboo
17 44 (2.04%) TeamCity
18 41 (1.90%) GitLab
19 40 (1.85%) JMeter
20 37 (1.71%) DbUnit
General
1 470 (21.77%) Finance
2 449 (20.80%) Banking
3 162 (7.50%) Investment Banking
4 128 (5.93%) Front Office
5 91 (4.21%) Retail
6 49 (2.27%) Games
7 30 (1.39%) Advertising
7 30 (1.39%) Back Office
8 23 (1.07%) Financial Institution
9 13 (0.60%) Marketing
9 13 (0.60%) Pharmaceutical
10 12 (0.56%) Law
10 12 (0.56%) Telecoms
11 11 (0.51%) Legal
12 9 (0.42%) Automotive
13 7 (0.32%) Electronics
13 7 (0.32%) Manufacturing
13 7 (0.32%) Wholesale Banking
14 4 (0.19%) Retail Banking
14 4 (0.19%) Spanish Language
Job Titles
1 1,784 (82.63%) Developer
2 1,529 (70.82%) Java Developer
3 287 (13.29%) Senior Developer
4 259 (12.00%) Senior Java Developer
5 225 (10.42%) Full Stack Developer
6 132 (6.11%) Java Engineer
7 121 (5.60%) AWS Developer
8 110 (5.09%) Angular Developer
9 108 (5.00%) Lead Developer
10 102 (4.72%) Lead Java Developer
11 96 (4.45%) Agile Developer
12 85 (3.94%) Architect
13 74 (3.43%) React Developer
13 74 (3.43%) Software Engineer
14 72 (3.33%) Agile Java Developer
15 71 (3.29%) Backend Developer
16 64 (2.96%) Java Software Engineer
17 60 (2.78%) Integration Developer
18 49 (2.27%) Scala Developer
19 42 (1.95%) Technical Leader
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,007 (46.64%) Spring Boot
2 552 (25.57%) REST
3 536 (24.83%) Hibernate
4 464 (21.49%) RESTful
5 440 (20.38%) AngularJS
6 423 (19.59%) Web Services
7 360 (16.67%) HTML
8 291 (13.48%) Kafka
9 273 (12.64%) React
10 259 (12.00%) CSS
11 256 (11.86%) J2EE
12 228 (10.56%) Node.js
13 209 (9.68%) JMS
14 200 (9.26%) HTML5
15 172 (7.97%) Spring MVC
16 161 (7.46%) SOAP
17 159 (7.36%) Apache Camel
18 142 (6.58%) JSON
19 138 (6.39%) XML
20 134 (6.21%) Middleware
Miscellaneous
1 284 (13.15%) Greenfield Project
2 120 (5.56%) Fintech
3 87 (4.03%) Fixed Income
4 76 (3.52%) User Experience
5 71 (3.29%) Computer Science
6 56 (2.59%) Algorithms
7 50 (2.32%) Derivative
8 44 (2.04%) Analytical Skills
9 43 (1.99%) Enterprise Software
10 41 (1.90%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
11 40 (1.85%) Equities
12 36 (1.67%) Mobile App
13 34 (1.57%) iPad
14 27 (1.25%) Cloud Native
15 24 (1.11%) Data Structures
16 19 (0.88%) Self-Motivation
17 18 (0.83%) PKI
18 16 (0.74%) Hedge funds
19 15 (0.69%) Online Games
19 15 (0.69%) Reference Data
Operating Systems
1 275 (12.74%) Linux
2 217 (10.05%) Unix
3 18 (0.83%) Apple iOS
4 17 (0.79%) Windows
5 10 (0.46%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 7 (0.32%) VMS
7 6 (0.28%) Android
7 6 (0.28%) Ubuntu
7 6 (0.28%) Windows Server
8 5 (0.23%) Solaris
9 1 (0.046%) CentOS
9 1 (0.046%) Debian
9 1 (0.046%) Mac OS
9 1 (0.046%) SUSE
9 1 (0.046%) Windows 7
9 1 (0.046%) Windows 8
9 1 (0.046%) Windows Server 2008
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,250 (57.90%) Agile Software Development
2 927 (42.94%) Microservices
3 856 (39.65%) TDD
4 490 (22.70%) BDD
5 420 (19.45%) DevOps
6 383 (17.74%) Continuous Integration
7 373 (17.28%) Scrum
8 265 (12.27%) Test Automation
9 254 (11.76%) MVC
10 243 (11.26%) Open Source
11 218 (10.10%) Software Engineering
12 200 (9.26%) Kanban
13 184 (8.52%) E-Commerce
14 183 (8.48%) OO
15 168 (7.78%) Pair Programming
16 158 (7.32%) Multithreading
17 139 (6.44%) Continuous Delivery
18 123 (5.70%) SOA
19 113 (5.23%) Unit Testing
20 112 (5.19%) Mentoring
Programming Languages
1 2,093 (96.94%) Java
2 956 (44.28%) Java 8
3 627 (29.04%) JavaScript
4 414 (19.18%) SQL
5 151 (6.99%) Scala
6 81 (3.75%) ES6
7 80 (3.71%) Python
8 72 (3.33%) PL/SQL
9 49 (2.27%) Shell Script
10 48 (2.22%) TypeScript
11 44 (2.04%) Groovy
12 41 (1.90%) Kotlin
13 38 (1.76%) C#
13 38 (1.76%) Java 9
14 37 (1.71%) Ruby
15 27 (1.25%) Bash Shell
16 16 (0.74%) PHP
17 15 (0.69%) XPath
18 13 (0.60%) C
19 12 (0.56%) C++
Qualifications
1 107 (4.96%) Security Cleared
2 100 (4.63%) Degree
3 80 (3.71%) SC Cleared
4 53 (2.45%) Computer Science Degree
5 27 (1.25%) BPSS Clearance
6 19 (0.88%) Master's Degree
7 8 (0.37%) ISTQB
7 8 (0.37%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
8 5 (0.23%) DV Cleared
9 3 (0.14%) OCPJP
9 3 (0.14%) PMI Certification
10 2 (0.093%) DBS Check
10 2 (0.093%) PMP
10 2 (0.093%) Sun Certification
11 1 (0.046%) AWS Certification
11 1 (0.046%) CTC Cleared
11 1 (0.046%) SAFe Agilist
11 1 (0.046%) TOGAF Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 72 (3.33%) QA
2 12 (0.56%) Disclosure Scotland
3 5 (0.23%) PSD2
4 4 (0.19%) PMO
5 3 (0.14%) Dodd-Frank
5 3 (0.14%) EMIR
5 3 (0.14%) GDPR
5 3 (0.14%) ISO 20022
5 3 (0.14%) MiFID
6 2 (0.093%) Data Quality
6 2 (0.093%) WAI
7 1 (0.046%) IFRS
7 1 (0.046%) IFRS 9
7 1 (0.046%) SLA
System Software
1 605 (28.02%) Docker
2 32 (1.48%) VMware Infrastructure
2 32 (1.48%) vSphere
3 18 (0.83%) HDFS
4 9 (0.42%) OpenAM
5 6 (0.28%) Active Directory
5 6 (0.28%) Apache ZooKeeper
5 6 (0.28%) OpenDJ
6 2 (0.093%) Postfix
7 1 (0.046%) LXC
7 1 (0.046%) Microsoft Virtual Server
7 1 (0.046%) Oracle RAC
7 1 (0.046%) Platform Symphony
7 1 (0.046%) Shibboleth
7 1 (0.046%) Virtual Servers
7 1 (0.046%) VirtualBox
7 1 (0.046%) XenApp
Systems Management
1 302 (13.99%) Kubernetes
2 105 (4.86%) Terraform
3 104 (4.82%) Ansible
4 38 (1.76%) Mesos
5 35 (1.62%) Puppet
6 33 (1.53%) Marathon
7 28 (1.30%) Opscode Chef
8 25 (1.16%) Single Sign-On
9 24 (1.11%) Docker Swarm
10 23 (1.07%) Kibana
11 21 (0.97%) logstash
11 21 (0.97%) Prometheus
12 18 (0.83%) Grafana
13 13 (0.60%) Consul
13 13 (0.60%) linkerd
14 9 (0.42%) CA Single Sign-On
14 9 (0.42%) Packer
14 9 (0.42%) Rancher
15 8 (0.37%) Salt
16 4 (0.19%) CloudHub
Vendors
1 272 (12.60%) Oracle
2 105 (4.86%) Google
3 64 (2.96%) MuleSoft
4 46 (2.13%) Splunk
4 46 (2.13%) Sybase
5 40 (1.85%) IBM
6 39 (1.81%) hybris
7 38 (1.76%) SAP
8 34 (1.57%) VMware
9 33 (1.53%) AppDynamics
10 31 (1.44%) Atlassian
11 30 (1.39%) Microsoft
12 29 (1.34%) TIBCO
13 23 (1.07%) Salesforce.com
14 17 (0.79%) Bloomberg
14 17 (0.79%) Murex
15 16 (0.74%) Reuters
16 14 (0.65%) Red Hat
16 14 (0.65%) Solace
17 13 (0.60%) Adobe