Period
to 29 July 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Spring skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Spring over the 6 months to 29 July 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Pivotal Spring Framework
England > London
6 months to
29 Jul 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 52 65 72
Rank change year-on-year +13 +7 -11
Contract jobs citing Spring 1,425 624 1,418
As % of all contract jobs advertised in London 4.74% 3.93% 3.51%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 13.35% 10.30% 9.55%
Number of daily rates quoted 997 469 1,072
10th Percentile £430 £425 £425
25th Percentile £500 £475 £475
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £600 £550 £550
Median % change year-on-year +9.09% - +4.76%
75th Percentile £688 £638 £625
90th Percentile £738 £700 £700
England median daily rate £550 £525 £500
% change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 6 3 1
Median hourly rate £67.97 £62.00 £50.00
Median % change year-on-year +9.63% +24.00% +100.00%
England median hourly rate £65.52 £60.00 £55.00
% change year-on-year +9.20% +9.09% +22.22%

Spring is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 10,677 6,061 14,847
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 35.51% 38.18% 36.79%
Number of daily rates quoted 7,954 4,511 11,191
10th Percentile £400 £375 £375
25th Percentile £463 £450 £450
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £525 £525
Median % change year-on-year +4.76% - +2.44%
75th Percentile £650 £638 £603
90th Percentile £720 £713 £675
England median daily rate £525 £500 £500
% change year-on-year +5.00% - +5.26%
Number of hourly rates quoted 40 35 61
10th Percentile £24.85 £22.90 £13.50
25th Percentile £35.19 £31.06 £34.00
Median hourly rate £49.00 £47.00 £50.00
Median % change year-on-year +4.26% -6.00% +16.96%
75th Percentile £65.00 £63.00 £55.00
90th Percentile £68.98 £67.91 £68.75
England median hourly rate £47.25 £45.00 £45.00
% change year-on-year +5.00% - +8.36%

Spring
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Spring as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Spring in London

Spring
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Spring in London.

Daily rate trend for Spring in London

Spring
Daily Rate Histogram in London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Spring in London over the 6 months to 29 July 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Spring in London

Spring
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Spring in London.

Hourly rate trend for Spring in London

Spring
Hourly Rate Histogram in London

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Spring in London over the 6 months to 29 July 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Spring in London

Spring
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Spring within the London region over the 6 months to 29 July 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London +30 229 £613 +6.52% 105
West London +17 26 £545 +3.81% 51
South London -14 16 £488 -7.14% 10
East London +7 14 £522 -5.18% 23
Spring
England

For the 6 months to 29 July 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Spring also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for Spring.

1 1,357 (95.23%) Java
2 754 (52.91%) Agile Software Development
3 732 (51.37%) Spring Boot
4 659 (46.25%) Microservices
5 457 (32.07%) Finance
6 432 (30.32%) TDD
7 411 (28.84%) Banking
8 392 (27.51%) SQL
9 390 (27.37%) Java 8
10 364 (25.54%) REST
11 363 (25.47%) Kubernetes
12 361 (25.33%) Docker
13 322 (22.60%) Jenkins
14 313 (21.96%) AWS
15 280 (19.65%) Scrum
16 279 (19.58%) DevOps
17 273 (19.16%) Git (software)
18 268 (18.81%) Maven
19 255 (17.89%) JavaScript
20 251 (17.61%) Kafka
21 250 (17.54%) RESTful
22 248 (17.40%) Oracle
23 240 (16.84%) Hibernate
24 236 (16.56%) Linux
25 228 (16.00%) Software Engineering
26 225 (15.79%) Social Skills
27 223 (15.65%) React
28 220 (15.44%) BDD
29 217 (15.23%) Full Stack Development
30 208 (14.60%) Investment Banking

Spring
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 86 (6.04%) Mule
2 62 (4.35%) Tomcat
3 55 (3.86%) Apache Spark
4 54 (3.79%) Apache
5 49 (3.44%) Confluence
6 45 (3.16%) JBoss
6 45 (3.16%) Red Hat Fuse
7 34 (2.39%) Cloud Foundry
8 33 (2.32%) Elasticsearch
9 24 (1.68%) WebSphere
10 16 (1.12%) Jetty
10 16 (1.12%) Oracle Coherence
11 15 (1.05%) OpenStack
12 13 (0.91%) CMS
12 13 (0.91%) Oracle SOA Suite
13 12 (0.84%) WebLogic
14 10 (0.70%) Adobe Experience Manager
14 10 (0.70%) nginx
15 9 (0.63%) Apache Airflow
15 9 (0.63%) Mule ESB
Applications
1 3 (0.21%) Microsoft Excel
2 2 (0.14%) Chatbot
3 1 (0.070%) Photoshop
Business Applications
1 13 (0.91%) SAP Hybris
2 8 (0.56%) Adobe Campaign
3 4 (0.28%) SAP Oil and Gas
4 3 (0.21%) ION MarketView
4 3 (0.21%) Magento
5 2 (0.14%) Distributed Ledger
5 2 (0.14%) Oracle BPM
5 2 (0.14%) R3 Corda
5 2 (0.14%) SAP S/4HANA
6 1 (0.070%) BusinessWorks
6 1 (0.070%) Payment Gateway
6 1 (0.070%) SAP ERP
6 1 (0.070%) Tesseract
Cloud Services
1 313 (21.96%) AWS
2 157 (11.02%) Azure
3 147 (10.32%) GCP
4 91 (6.39%) GitHub
5 45 (3.16%) Serverless
6 32 (2.25%) OpenShift
7 29 (2.04%) PaaS
8 26 (1.82%) Cloud Computing
9 25 (1.75%) SaaS
10 20 (1.40%) AWS Lambda
10 20 (1.40%) IaaS
11 19 (1.33%) Amazon ECS
11 19 (1.33%) AWS CloudFormation
12 17 (1.19%) Amazon EC2
13 15 (1.05%) Amazon Kinesis
13 15 (1.05%) Amazon S3
14 13 (0.91%) Amazon SQS
15 12 (0.84%) Amazon CloudWatch
16 10 (0.70%) Slack
17 8 (0.56%) Power Platform
Communications & Networking
1 33 (2.32%) SSL
2 28 (1.96%) TCP/IP
3 25 (1.75%) HTTP
4 9 (0.63%) Internet
5 6 (0.42%) SMS
6 5 (0.35%) DMARC
6 5 (0.35%) DNS
6 5 (0.35%) HTTPS
6 5 (0.35%) SMTP
7 3 (0.21%) Broadband
7 3 (0.21%) Firewall
7 3 (0.21%) Kerberos
8 2 (0.14%) DSL
8 2 (0.14%) Intranet
8 2 (0.14%) RTMP
8 2 (0.14%) SWIFTNet
9 1 (0.070%) AMQP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 165 (11.58%) Relational Database
2 141 (9.89%) NoSQL
3 110 (7.72%) MongoDB
4 98 (6.88%) PostgreSQL
4 98 (6.88%) SQL Server
5 88 (6.18%) Redis
6 79 (5.54%) Hazelcast
7 56 (3.93%) MySQL
8 51 (3.58%) Apache Cassandra
9 42 (2.95%) Hadoop
10 41 (2.88%) Oracle Database
11 37 (2.60%) Big Data
12 29 (2.04%) RDBMS
13 24 (1.68%) Amazon DynamoDB
14 22 (1.54%) Data Warehouse
15 20 (1.40%) BigQuery
16 18 (1.26%) Amazon RDS
17 16 (1.12%) DB2
18 15 (1.05%) Apache Hive
19 14 (0.98%) Tableau
Development Applications
1 322 (22.60%) Jenkins
2 273 (19.16%) Git (software)
3 268 (18.81%) Maven
4 149 (10.46%) JUnit
5 127 (8.91%) Cucumber
6 114 (8.00%) JIRA
7 99 (6.95%) Mockito
8 61 (4.28%) Gradle
9 59 (4.14%) Subversion
10 50 (3.51%) TeamCity
11 46 (3.23%) IntelliJ
12 45 (3.16%) Selenium
13 39 (2.74%) Atlassian Bamboo
14 37 (2.60%) GitLab
15 29 (2.04%) Hudson
16 24 (1.68%) Eclipse
17 21 (1.47%) Protractor
18 20 (1.40%) Bitbucket
18 20 (1.40%) jMock
19 19 (1.33%) Sonatype Nexus
General
1 457 (32.07%) Finance
2 411 (28.84%) Banking
3 225 (15.79%) Social Skills
4 208 (14.60%) Investment Banking
5 120 (8.42%) Front Office
6 66 (4.63%) Analytical Skills
7 35 (2.46%) Retail
8 27 (1.89%) Financial Institution
8 27 (1.89%) Manufacturing
9 24 (1.68%) Marketing
9 24 (1.68%) Public Sector
10 23 (1.61%) Games
11 15 (1.05%) Presentation Skills
12 14 (0.98%) Documentation Skills
12 14 (0.98%) Retail Banking
13 11 (0.77%) Back Office
14 8 (0.56%) Automotive
14 8 (0.56%) Telecoms
15 7 (0.49%) Electronics
16 5 (0.35%) Law
Job Titles
1 1,063 (74.60%) Developer
2 849 (59.58%) Java Developer
3 200 (14.04%) Senior Developer
4 182 (12.77%) Senior Java Developer
5 118 (8.28%) Full Stack Developer
6 105 (7.37%) Java Engineer
7 65 (4.56%) Integration Developer
8 64 (4.49%) Architect
9 60 (4.21%) Software Engineer
10 56 (3.93%) AWS Developer
11 55 (3.86%) Agile Developer
12 52 (3.65%) Agile Java Developer
13 42 (2.95%) Consultant
14 39 (2.74%) Java Software Engineer
15 37 (2.60%) Java Consultant
16 35 (2.46%) Senior Consultant
16 35 (2.46%) Senior Java Consultant
17 32 (2.25%) Angular Developer
18 31 (2.18%) DevOps Engineer
19 29 (2.04%) Investment Banking Java Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 732 (51.37%) Spring Boot
2 364 (25.54%) REST
3 251 (17.61%) Kafka
4 250 (17.54%) RESTful
5 240 (16.84%) Hibernate
6 223 (15.65%) React
7 205 (14.39%) AngularJS
8 184 (12.91%) Web Services
9 160 (11.23%) HTML
10 120 (8.42%) J2EE
11 118 (8.28%) Middleware
12 114 (8.00%) CSS
13 103 (7.23%) Apache Camel
14 97 (6.81%) Node.js
15 95 (6.67%) JMS
16 74 (5.19%) JPA
16 74 (5.19%) Spring Integration
17 73 (5.12%) HTML5
18 72 (5.05%) JSON
19 70 (4.91%) XML
Miscellaneous
1 82 (5.75%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
2 72 (5.05%) Data Structures
3 58 (4.07%) Algorithms
4 57 (4.00%) Enterprise Software
5 56 (3.93%) Greenfield Project
6 50 (3.51%) Fixed Income
6 50 (3.51%) User Experience
7 48 (3.37%) Derivative
8 32 (2.25%) Cloud Native
9 30 (2.11%) Virtual Team
10 27 (1.89%) Self-Motivation
11 26 (1.82%) Clustering
11 26 (1.82%) Legacy Systems
12 25 (1.75%) Mobile App
13 21 (1.47%) Management Information System
14 17 (1.19%) Credit Risk
14 17 (1.19%) Data Protection Act
14 17 (1.19%) Hedge funds
15 16 (1.12%) Public Cloud
16 14 (0.98%) Market Risk
Operating Systems
1 236 (16.56%) Linux
2 171 (12.00%) Unix
3 41 (2.88%) Windows
4 9 (0.63%) Android
5 8 (0.56%) Debian
5 8 (0.56%) VMS
6 5 (0.35%) Apple iOS
7 4 (0.28%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 3 (0.21%) CentOS
9 2 (0.14%) Mac OS
9 2 (0.14%) Ubuntu
10 1 (0.070%) MVS
10 1 (0.070%) Windows Server
Processes & Methodologies
1 754 (52.91%) Agile Software Development
2 659 (46.25%) Microservices
3 432 (30.32%) TDD
4 280 (19.65%) Scrum
5 279 (19.58%) DevOps
6 228 (16.00%) Software Engineering
7 220 (15.44%) BDD
8 217 (15.23%) Full Stack Development
9 197 (13.82%) Test Automation
10 172 (12.07%) Continuous Integration
11 163 (11.44%) Multithreading
12 128 (8.98%) OO
13 119 (8.35%) Unit Testing
14 108 (7.58%) Pair Programming
15 97 (6.81%) MVC
16 95 (6.67%) SDLC
17 91 (6.39%) Open Source
18 89 (6.25%) Kanban
19 80 (5.61%) High Availability
19 80 (5.61%) Problem-Solving
Programming Languages
1 1,357 (95.23%) Java
2 392 (27.51%) SQL
3 390 (27.37%) Java 8
4 255 (17.89%) JavaScript
5 127 (8.91%) Python
6 116 (8.14%) Scala
7 109 (7.65%) Java 11
8 108 (7.58%) Kotlin
9 79 (5.54%) PL/SQL
10 74 (5.19%) TypeScript
11 35 (2.46%) T-SQL
12 30 (2.11%) Groovy
12 30 (2.11%) Haskell
13 29 (2.04%) Shell Script
14 28 (1.96%) C#
15 27 (1.89%) ES6
16 26 (1.82%) C
17 15 (1.05%) Java 9
18 12 (0.84%) Go
18 12 (0.84%) Ruby
Qualifications
1 60 (4.21%) Security Cleared
2 58 (4.07%) Degree
3 40 (2.81%) SC Cleared
4 26 (1.82%) Computer Science Degree
5 14 (0.98%) Master's Degree
6 11 (0.77%) AWS Certification
7 4 (0.28%) DBS Check
8 3 (0.21%) DV Cleared
8 3 (0.21%) ISEB
8 3 (0.21%) ISTQB
9 2 (0.14%) Sun Certification
10 1 (0.070%) CFA
10 1 (0.070%) CTC Cleared
10 1 (0.070%) OCPJP
10 1 (0.070%) SANS
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 62 (4.35%) QA
2 19 (1.33%) Accessibility
3 8 (0.56%) Data Quality
4 7 (0.49%) GDPR
4 7 (0.49%) ISO 20022
5 5 (0.35%) MiFID
6 3 (0.21%) PMO
6 3 (0.21%) SLA
6 3 (0.21%) WCAG
7 2 (0.14%) ISO 15022
System Software
1 361 (25.33%) Docker
2 9 (0.63%) HDFS
3 8 (0.56%) Apache ZooKeeper
4 5 (0.35%) Active Directory
4 5 (0.35%) Platform Symphony
5 3 (0.21%) OpenAM
6 2 (0.14%) VMware Infrastructure
7 1 (0.070%) RACF
7 1 (0.070%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 363 (25.47%) Kubernetes
2 80 (5.61%) Terraform
3 64 (4.49%) Ansible
4 30 (2.11%) Grafana
5 28 (1.96%) Prometheus
6 19 (1.33%) Kibana
7 16 (1.12%) Puppet
8 14 (0.98%) Oozie
8 14 (0.98%) Opscode Chef
9 13 (0.91%) Rancher
10 11 (0.77%) Single Sign-On
11 8 (0.56%) logstash
12 6 (0.42%) CloudHub
12 6 (0.42%) Docker Swarm
13 5 (0.35%) Hadoop YARN
14 3 (0.21%) Istio
14 3 (0.21%) Zipkin
15 1 (0.070%) HP ALM
15 1 (0.070%) HP Fortify
15 1 (0.070%) Kiali
Vendors
1 248 (17.40%) Oracle
2 85 (5.96%) Google
3 41 (2.88%) Microsoft
4 32 (2.25%) IBM
5 31 (2.18%) MuleSoft
6 28 (1.96%) Sybase
7 27 (1.89%) Atlassian
7 27 (1.89%) hybris
8 24 (1.68%) Splunk
9 23 (1.61%) SAP
10 17 (1.19%) Adobe
10 17 (1.19%) Solace
11 14 (0.98%) AppDynamics
12 13 (0.91%) Dynatrace
13 12 (0.84%) CA
13 12 (0.84%) CA Agile Central
14 10 (0.70%) Murex
14 10 (0.70%) Red Hat
15 8 (0.56%) ION Trading
15 8 (0.56%) TIBCO