Period
to 20 June 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Spring skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Spring over the 6 months to 20 June 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Pivotal Spring Framework
England > London
6 months to
20 Jun 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 66 65 61
Rank change year-on-year -1 -4 +14
Contract jobs citing Spring 1,441 1,729 1,442
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 3.59% 3.85% 3.62%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 9.73% 10.40% 10.16%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,084 1,344 1,030
London median daily rate £550 £525 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% -
10th Percentile £425 £413 £363
90th Percentile £700 £650 £638
England median daily rate £500 £500 £463
% change year-on-year - +8.11% +2.78%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1 2 3
London median hourly rate £50.00 £30.00 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +66.67% -25.00% -
England median hourly rate £55.00 £45.00 £52.50
% change year-on-year +22.22% -14.29% -7.89%

Spring is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 14,808 16,626 14,193
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 36.93% 37.00% 35.66%
Number of daily rates quoted 11,044 12,677 10,567
London median daily rate £525 £503 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +4.48% +5.79% +2.70%
10th Percentile £375 £363 £332
90th Percentile £675 £663 £638
England median daily rate £500 £475 £450
% change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 71 118 100
London median hourly rate £45.00 £44.21 £43.13
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +1.79% +2.51% +16.55%
10th Percentile £32.50 £19.73 £19.42
90th Percentile £122.50 £74.00 £54.69
England median hourly rate £44.00 £42.50 £40.26
% change year-on-year +3.53% +5.56% +5.95%

Spring
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Spring as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Spring in London

Spring
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Spring in London.

Contractor daily rate trend for Spring in London

Spring
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Spring in London over the 6 months to 20 June 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Spring in London

Spring
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Spring in London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Spring in London

Spring
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Spring within the London region over the 6 months to 20 June 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London +14 372 £550 +4.76% 64
South London -1 81 £525 -8.70% 1
East London +3 42 £550 -2.22% 8
West London -13 41 £550 +11.11% 37
North London -11 2 £504 +0.75%
Spring
England

For the 6 months to 20 June 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Spring also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for Spring.

1 1,392 (96.60%) Java
2 851 (59.06%) Agile Software Development
3 658 (45.66%) Microservices
4 634 (44.00%) Spring Boot
5 600 (41.64%) Java 8
6 548 (38.03%) TDD
7 399 (27.69%) Docker
8 370 (25.68%) DevOps
9 344 (23.87%) JavaScript
10 334 (23.18%) Amazon AWS
11 333 (23.11%) REST
12 328 (22.76%) BDD
13 320 (22.21%) RESTful
13 320 (22.21%) Jenkins
14 308 (21.37%) Git (software)
15 298 (20.68%) SQL
16 295 (20.47%) Scrum
17 277 (19.22%) Banking
18 269 (18.67%) Web Services
19 268 (18.60%) Hibernate
20 256 (17.77%) Finance
20 256 (17.77%) Maven
21 251 (17.42%) Kubernetes
22 240 (16.66%) AngularJS
23 235 (16.31%) Kafka
24 233 (16.17%) JUnit
25 225 (15.61%) Continuous Integration
26 215 (14.92%) HTML
27 205 (14.23%) NoSQL
28 196 (13.60%) Linux

Spring
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 88 (6.11%) Elasticsearch
2 77 (5.34%) Apache
3 76 (5.27%) Confluence
4 63 (4.37%) Tomcat
5 56 (3.89%) Apache Spark
6 49 (3.40%) WebSphere
7 37 (2.57%) WebLogic
8 36 (2.50%) Apache Solr
9 32 (2.22%) JBoss
10 29 (2.01%) Mule
11 24 (1.67%) Cloud Foundry
12 17 (1.18%) WebSphere Application Server
13 16 (1.11%) GlassFish
13 16 (1.11%) Magnolia
14 14 (0.97%) CMS
14 14 (0.97%) Jetty
15 13 (0.90%) nginx
16 10 (0.69%) JCAPS
17 9 (0.62%) Adobe Experience Manager
18 7 (0.49%) Oracle SOA Suite
Applications
1 3 (0.21%) Chatbot
2 2 (0.14%) Spreadsheet
3 1 (0.069%) Adobe Premiere
Business Applications
1 17 (1.18%) SAP Hybris
2 13 (0.90%) SAP ERP
3 10 (0.69%) Salesforce.com CRM
4 5 (0.35%) Distributed Ledger
4 5 (0.35%) Oracle EBS
5 4 (0.28%) Oracle 11i
5 4 (0.28%) Oracle BPM
5 4 (0.28%) Oracle EBS R12
6 3 (0.21%) Oracle Retail
7 2 (0.14%) Fredhopper
7 2 (0.14%) Magento
7 2 (0.14%) Payment Gateway
8 1 (0.069%) AquaLogic BPM
8 1 (0.069%) Dynamics CRM
8 1 (0.069%) Eloqua
8 1 (0.069%) RMDS
8 1 (0.069%) Temenos T24
Cloud Services
1 334 (23.18%) Amazon AWS
2 123 (8.54%) Microsoft Azure
3 64 (4.44%) Google Cloud Platform
4 60 (4.16%) Amazon EC2
5 59 (4.09%) GitHub
6 44 (3.05%) Serverless
7 40 (2.78%) AWS Lambda
8 39 (2.71%) Amazon SQS
9 30 (2.08%) OpenShift
10 22 (1.53%) PaaS
11 21 (1.46%) Apigee
12 20 (1.39%) Amazon S3
13 18 (1.25%) Amazon ECS
14 16 (1.11%) SaaS
15 11 (0.76%) Cloud Computing
15 11 (0.76%) IaaS
16 9 (0.62%) AWS CodePipeline
16 9 (0.62%) npm
17 8 (0.56%) AWS CloudFormation
18 7 (0.49%) Amazon Kinesis
Communications & Networking
1 84 (5.83%) HTTP
2 45 (3.12%) TCP/IP
3 39 (2.71%) Internet
4 27 (1.87%) FTP
5 25 (1.73%) SSL
6 15 (1.04%) DNS
7 10 (0.69%) Kerberos
8 5 (0.35%) AMQP
9 4 (0.28%) Firewall
9 4 (0.28%) PuTTY
9 4 (0.28%) SAN
10 2 (0.14%) Ethernet
10 2 (0.14%) MPLS
10 2 (0.14%) VPN
11 1 (0.069%) Intranet
11 1 (0.069%) LAN
11 1 (0.069%) Reverse Proxy
11 1 (0.069%) WAN
11 1 (0.069%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 205 (14.23%) NoSQL
2 176 (12.21%) MongoDB
3 150 (10.41%) Relational Database
4 116 (8.05%) PostgreSQL
5 100 (6.94%) Apache Cassandra
6 90 (6.25%) MySQL
7 71 (4.93%) SQL Server
8 63 (4.37%) Big Data
9 54 (3.75%) RDBMS
10 51 (3.54%) Hadoop
10 51 (3.54%) Redis
11 35 (2.43%) Oracle Database
12 29 (2.01%) Amazon DynamoDB
13 22 (1.53%) HBase
14 16 (1.11%) Amazon RDS
15 13 (0.90%) Apache Hive
16 11 (0.76%) Blockchain
16 11 (0.76%) Oracle Database 11g
17 9 (0.62%) DB2
17 9 (0.62%) Impala
Development Applications
1 320 (22.21%) Jenkins
2 308 (21.37%) Git (software)
3 256 (17.77%) Maven
4 233 (16.17%) JUnit
5 123 (8.54%) Cucumber
6 114 (7.91%) JIRA
7 113 (7.84%) Mockito
8 86 (5.97%) Selenium
9 76 (5.27%) Subversion
10 62 (4.30%) Gradle
11 57 (3.96%) SonarQube
12 41 (2.85%) jMock
13 40 (2.78%) GitLab
14 39 (2.71%) Eclipse
15 35 (2.43%) Ant
15 35 (2.43%) Bitbucket
16 32 (2.22%) Hudson
16 32 (2.22%) IntelliJ
17 29 (2.01%) Sonatype Nexus
18 28 (1.94%) DbUnit
General
1 277 (19.22%) Banking
2 256 (17.77%) Finance
3 81 (5.62%) Investment Banking
4 76 (5.27%) Front Office
5 51 (3.54%) Retail
6 24 (1.67%) Games
7 23 (1.60%) Legal
8 20 (1.39%) Financial Institution
9 19 (1.32%) Back Office
9 19 (1.32%) Marketing
10 16 (1.11%) Retail Banking
11 8 (0.56%) Telecoms
12 6 (0.42%) Online Betting
12 6 (0.42%) Wholesale Banking
13 5 (0.35%) Law
14 4 (0.28%) Manufacturing
15 3 (0.21%) Advertising
15 3 (0.21%) Publishing
16 2 (0.14%) Electronics
16 2 (0.14%) German Language
Job Titles
1 1,134 (78.70%) Developer
2 947 (65.72%) Java Developer
3 199 (13.81%) Senior Developer
4 190 (13.19%) Senior Java Developer
5 182 (12.63%) Full Stack Developer
6 81 (5.62%) Java Engineer
7 73 (5.07%) Java Developer - Fintech
8 71 (4.93%) Architect
9 65 (4.51%) React Developer
10 54 (3.75%) AWS Developer
11 50 (3.47%) Backend Developer
12 48 (3.33%) Agile Developer
13 40 (2.78%) Agile Java Developer
13 40 (2.78%) Software Engineer
14 37 (2.57%) Lead Developer
15 35 (2.43%) Integration Developer
16 33 (2.29%) Angular Developer
17 31 (2.15%) Lead Java Developer
18 28 (1.94%) Scala Developer
19 27 (1.87%) Java Software Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 634 (44.00%) Spring Boot
2 333 (23.11%) REST
3 320 (22.21%) RESTful
4 269 (18.67%) Web Services
5 268 (18.60%) Hibernate
6 240 (16.66%) AngularJS
7 235 (16.31%) Kafka
8 215 (14.92%) HTML
9 185 (12.84%) Node.js
10 177 (12.28%) CSS
11 175 (12.14%) J2EE
12 174 (12.07%) React
13 144 (9.99%) HTML5
14 139 (9.65%) SOAP
15 127 (8.81%) XML
16 121 (8.40%) JSON
17 107 (7.43%) Spring MVC
18 97 (6.73%) Apache Camel
19 87 (6.04%) JMS
20 79 (5.48%) CSS3
Miscellaneous
1 162 (11.24%) Greenfield Project
2 82 (5.69%) User Experience
3 64 (4.44%) Analytical Skills
4 59 (4.09%) Enterprise Software
5 56 (3.89%) Data Structures
6 52 (3.61%) Algorithms
7 32 (2.22%) Cloud Native
8 28 (1.94%) Derivative
9 25 (1.73%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
10 24 (1.67%) Self-Motivation
11 21 (1.46%) Fixed Income
12 18 (1.25%) Virtual Team
13 16 (1.11%) Mobile App
14 13 (0.90%) Equities
15 12 (0.83%) Equity Derivative
16 11 (0.76%) iPad
17 10 (0.69%) Linux Command Line
17 10 (0.69%) Online Games
17 10 (0.69%) Public Cloud
18 9 (0.62%) Management Information System
Operating Systems
1 196 (13.60%) Linux
2 113 (7.84%) Unix
3 48 (3.33%) Windows
4 24 (1.67%) Ubuntu
5 13 (0.90%) Windows Server
6 11 (0.76%) Apple iOS
7 10 (0.69%) Android
8 6 (0.42%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 5 (0.35%) Mac OS X
10 3 (0.21%) Mac OS
10 3 (0.21%) VMS
11 1 (0.069%) Amazon Linux
11 1 (0.069%) CentOS
11 1 (0.069%) Debian
Processes & Methodologies
1 851 (59.06%) Agile Software Development
2 658 (45.66%) Microservices
3 548 (38.03%) TDD
4 370 (25.68%) DevOps
5 328 (22.76%) BDD
6 295 (20.47%) Scrum
7 225 (15.61%) Continuous Integration
8 170 (11.80%) Test Automation
9 167 (11.59%) OO
10 156 (10.83%) Kanban
11 147 (10.20%) Open Source
12 145 (10.06%) Software Engineering
13 141 (9.78%) MVC
14 129 (8.95%) E-Commerce
15 128 (8.88%) Fintech
16 108 (7.49%) Pair Programming
17 94 (6.52%) Continuous Delivery
18 78 (5.41%) SDLC
19 72 (5.00%) Multithreading
19 72 (5.00%) Unit Testing
Programming Languages
1 1,392 (96.60%) Java
2 600 (41.64%) Java 8
3 344 (23.87%) JavaScript
4 298 (20.68%) SQL
5 139 (9.65%) Scala
6 121 (8.40%) Python
7 103 (7.15%) ES6
8 63 (4.37%) TypeScript
9 53 (3.68%) Ruby
10 44 (3.05%) Kotlin
11 39 (2.71%) Shell Script
12 33 (2.29%) Groovy
13 31 (2.15%) C#
14 27 (1.87%) ES7
15 21 (1.46%) Bash Shell
15 21 (1.46%) Java 9
16 19 (1.32%) Clojure
16 19 (1.32%) PL/SQL
17 17 (1.18%) Perl
18 16 (1.11%) XPath
Qualifications
1 79 (5.48%) Degree
2 78 (5.41%) Security Cleared
3 70 (4.86%) SC Cleared
4 25 (1.73%) Computer Science Degree
5 13 (0.90%) BPSS Clearance
6 8 (0.56%) Sun Certification
7 6 (0.42%) CTC Cleared
7 6 (0.42%) DV Cleared
8 5 (0.35%) OCPJP
9 4 (0.28%) Master's Degree
10 3 (0.21%) AWS Certification
10 3 (0.21%) DBS Check
10 3 (0.21%) ISEB
10 3 (0.21%) ISTQB
11 1 (0.069%) CFA
11 1 (0.069%) CISSP
11 1 (0.069%) GIAC
11 1 (0.069%) GPEN
11 1 (0.069%) OSCP
11 1 (0.069%) SANS
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 56 (3.89%) QA
2 7 (0.49%) GDPR
2 7 (0.49%) MiFID
3 4 (0.28%) EMIR
4 2 (0.14%) Data Quality
4 2 (0.14%) PSD2
5 1 (0.069%) Dodd-Frank
5 1 (0.069%) PMO
5 1 (0.069%) SEPA
System Software
1 399 (27.69%) Docker
2 30 (2.08%) VMware Infrastructure
3 26 (1.80%) vSphere
4 14 (0.97%) HDFS
5 7 (0.49%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 6 (0.42%) OpenAM
7 4 (0.28%) Active Directory
8 3 (0.21%) Shibboleth
8 3 (0.21%) Virtual Machines
8 3 (0.21%) VMware ESXi
8 3 (0.21%) VMware NSX
9 1 (0.069%) etcd
9 1 (0.069%) OpenDJ
9 1 (0.069%) Oracle RAC
Systems Management
1 251 (17.42%) Kubernetes
2 64 (4.44%) Terraform
3 49 (3.40%) Ansible
4 22 (1.53%) Kibana
5 20 (1.39%) Puppet
6 16 (1.11%) Opscode Chef
7 15 (1.04%) Grafana
8 13 (0.90%) Docker Swarm
9 12 (0.83%) logstash
10 10 (0.69%) Marathon
10 10 (0.69%) Mesos
10 10 (0.69%) Rancher
11 9 (0.62%) Control-M
11 9 (0.62%) linkerd
11 9 (0.62%) Prometheus
12 8 (0.56%) Consul
13 7 (0.49%) Hadoop YARN
13 7 (0.49%) Istio
13 7 (0.49%) Rundeck
14 5 (0.35%) Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 165 (11.45%) Oracle
2 72 (5.00%) Google
3 46 (3.19%) hybris
4 43 (2.98%) MuleSoft
5 34 (2.36%) VMware
6 29 (2.01%) Splunk
7 23 (1.60%) Microsoft
7 23 (1.60%) SAP
8 22 (1.53%) IBM
9 21 (1.46%) Sybase
10 18 (1.25%) Salesforce.com
11 14 (0.97%) Adobe
11 14 (0.97%) Red Hat
12 11 (0.76%) AppDynamics
13 10 (0.69%) Atlassian
13 10 (0.69%) Dynatrace
14 8 (0.56%) webMethods
15 7 (0.49%) Cloudera
15 7 (0.49%) Talend
15 7 (0.49%) Xerox