Period
to 27 September 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Spring skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Spring over the 6 months to 27 September 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Pivotal Spring Framework
England > London
6 months to
27 Sep 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 60 77 56
Rank change year-on-year +17 -21 +8
Contract jobs citing Spring 555 1,255 2,022
As % of all contract jobs advertised in London 4.21% 3.27% 4.41%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 11.14% 9.00% 11.19%
Number of daily rates quoted 388 978 1,568
Median daily rate £533 £550 £550
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -3.18% - +7.32%
10th Percentile £413 £425 £413
90th Percentile £700 £700 £663
England median daily rate £510 £525 £500
% change year-on-year -2.86% +5.00% +5.26%
Number of hourly rates quoted 10 3 1
Median hourly rate £35.00 £50.00 £25.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -30.00% +100.00% -37.50%
England median hourly rate £35.00 £52.50 £42.50
% change year-on-year -33.33% +23.53% -

Spring is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 4,984 13,947 18,067
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 37.78% 36.37% 39.42%
Number of daily rates quoted 3,486 10,406 13,659
Median daily rate £525 £525 £525
10th Percentile £363 £375 £370
90th Percentile £713 £688 £675
England median daily rate £500 £500 £475
% change year-on-year - +5.26% +5.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 41 71 90
Median hourly rate £35.00 £47.83 £43.83
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -26.82% +9.12% +32.83%
10th Percentile £22.50 £21.25 £20.83
90th Percentile £47.75 £68.75 £72.50
Median hourly rate £35.00 £45.00 £42.13
% change year-on-year -22.22% +6.82% +5.31%

Spring
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Spring as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Spring in London

Spring
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Spring in London.

Daily rate trend for Spring in London

Spring
Daily Rate Histogram in London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Spring in London over the 6 months to 27 September 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Spring in London

Spring
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Spring in London.

Hourly rate trend for Spring in London

Spring
Hourly Rate Histogram in London

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Spring in London over the 6 months to 27 September 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for Spring in London

Spring
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Spring within the London region over the 6 months to 27 September 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London +10 77 £556 +1.14% 58
South London +19 38 £525 +2.44% 4
West London +49 13 £523 -9.13% 29
North London +20 3 £375 -28.57% 1
East London +8 2 £509 -7.50% 7
Spring
England

For the 6 months to 27 September 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Spring also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for Spring.

1 535 (96.40%) Java
2 280 (50.45%) Agile Software Development
3 279 (50.27%) Microservices
4 261 (47.03%) Spring Boot
5 200 (36.04%) Java 8
6 189 (34.05%) Finance
7 173 (31.17%) AWS
8 164 (29.55%) Banking
9 161 (29.01%) TDD
10 154 (27.75%) SQL
11 147 (26.49%) Git (software)
12 144 (25.95%) Docker
13 142 (25.59%) Jenkins
14 138 (24.86%) Maven
15 131 (23.60%) Kubernetes
16 130 (23.42%) REST
17 113 (20.36%) DevOps
18 99 (17.84%) Software Engineering
19 95 (17.12%) RESTful
19 95 (17.12%) Continuous Integration
20 94 (16.94%) Scrum
20 94 (16.94%) Kafka
21 92 (16.58%) Azure
22 91 (16.40%) Web Services
23 88 (15.86%) AngularJS
24 87 (15.68%) Security Cleared
25 86 (15.50%) Investment Banking
26 84 (15.14%) Apache Camel
27 82 (14.77%) Linux
28 80 (14.41%) JUnit

Spring
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 42 (7.57%) Mule
2 40 (7.21%) Red Hat Fuse
3 38 (6.85%) Elasticsearch
4 37 (6.67%) Apache Spark
5 33 (5.95%) Confluence
6 31 (5.59%) JBoss
7 23 (4.14%) Apache
8 22 (3.96%) Cloud Foundry
9 17 (3.06%) Tomcat
10 15 (2.70%) Apache Solr
10 15 (2.70%) WebLogic
10 15 (2.70%) WebSphere
11 7 (1.26%) WebSphere Application Server
12 6 (1.08%) MQSeries
13 5 (0.90%) Anypoint
13 5 (0.90%) Jetty
13 5 (0.90%) Oracle Self-Service HR
13 5 (0.90%) Oracle Workflow
14 4 (0.72%) Apache ServiceMix
14 4 (0.72%) BizTalk Server
Applications
1 9 (1.62%) Microsoft Excel
Business Applications
1 7 (1.26%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
2 5 (0.90%) Temenos T24
3 1 (0.18%) Dynamics CRM
3 1 (0.18%) ION MarketView
3 1 (0.18%) Markit EDM
3 1 (0.18%) Oracle BPM
3 1 (0.18%) Oracle Payables
Cloud Services
1 173 (31.17%) AWS
2 92 (16.58%) Azure
3 55 (9.91%) GCP
4 15 (2.70%) OpenShift
5 14 (2.52%) GitHub
6 12 (2.16%) Amazon ECS
7 9 (1.62%) Amazon EC2
8 8 (1.44%) Amazon Kinesis
8 8 (1.44%) Kong
9 7 (1.26%) AWS Fargate
9 7 (1.26%) Cloud Computing
9 7 (1.26%) PaaS
9 7 (1.26%) Serverless
10 5 (0.90%) Amazon ElastiCache
10 5 (0.90%) AWS CloudFormation
11 4 (0.72%) Apigee
11 4 (0.72%) Boomi
11 4 (0.72%) SaaS
12 3 (0.54%) Amazon SQS
12 3 (0.54%) IaaS
Communications & Networking
1 32 (5.77%) SSL
2 29 (5.23%) HTTPS
3 18 (3.24%) HTTP
4 5 (0.90%) SSH
5 4 (0.72%) Internet
6 3 (0.54%) TCP/IP
7 2 (0.36%) AMQP
7 2 (0.36%) DNS
7 2 (0.36%) Firewall
7 2 (0.36%) FTP
7 2 (0.36%) RTMP
8 1 (0.18%) FIX Connectivity
8 1 (0.18%) Kerberos
8 1 (0.18%) Reverse Proxy
8 1 (0.18%) Skype
8 1 (0.18%) WebEx
Database & Business Intelligence
1 77 (13.87%) Relational Database
2 74 (13.33%) NoSQL
3 64 (11.53%) MongoDB
3 64 (11.53%) MySQL
4 56 (10.09%) SQL Server
5 45 (8.11%) PostgreSQL
6 23 (4.14%) Apache Cassandra
7 22 (3.96%) Oracle Database
8 19 (3.42%) Hadoop
9 18 (3.24%) Hazelcast
9 18 (3.24%) RDBMS
10 16 (2.88%) Redis
11 15 (2.70%) Amazon Aurora
12 9 (1.62%) Big Data
13 7 (1.26%) Data Warehouse
14 5 (0.90%) Oracle Database 11g
15 4 (0.72%) Amazon DynamoDB
15 4 (0.72%) Amazon RDS
15 4 (0.72%) DB2
15 4 (0.72%) Scylla
Development Applications
1 147 (26.49%) Git (software)
2 142 (25.59%) Jenkins
3 138 (24.86%) Maven
4 80 (14.41%) JUnit
5 57 (10.27%) JIRA
6 47 (8.47%) Gradle
7 37 (6.67%) Cucumber
8 35 (6.31%) Subversion
9 31 (5.59%) GitLab
10 28 (5.05%) SonarQube
11 27 (4.86%) Mockito
12 23 (4.14%) Atlassian Bamboo
13 21 (3.78%) gulp
14 18 (3.24%) Hudson
14 18 (3.24%) jMock
14 18 (3.24%) Sonatype Nexus
15 16 (2.88%) Selenium
16 14 (2.52%) FishEye
16 14 (2.52%) Grunt
17 11 (1.98%) Artifactory
General
1 189 (34.05%) Finance
2 164 (29.55%) Banking
3 86 (15.50%) Investment Banking
4 73 (13.15%) Front Office
5 25 (4.50%) Public Sector
6 15 (2.70%) Financial Institution
7 12 (2.16%) Games
8 9 (1.62%) Marketing
8 9 (1.62%) Retail
9 7 (1.26%) Advertising
10 6 (1.08%) Back Office
11 5 (0.90%) Manufacturing
11 5 (0.90%) Retail Banking
12 4 (0.72%) Telecoms
13 3 (0.54%) Corporate Banking
14 2 (0.36%) Electronics
14 2 (0.36%) Law
14 2 (0.36%) Legal
14 2 (0.36%) Police
14 2 (0.36%) Prime Brokerage
Job Titles
1 426 (76.76%) Developer
2 341 (61.44%) Java Developer
3 60 (10.81%) Senior Developer
4 52 (9.37%) Java Engineer
4 52 (9.37%) Senior Java Developer
5 43 (7.75%) Full Stack Developer
6 38 (6.85%) Architect
6 38 (6.85%) AWS Developer
7 31 (5.59%) Software Engineer
8 26 (4.68%) Java Software Engineer
9 25 (4.50%) Integration Developer
10 23 (4.14%) Backend Developer
11 21 (3.78%) Java Software Developer
12 20 (3.60%) Developer/Software Engineer
12 20 (3.60%) SC Cleared Java Developer
12 20 (3.60%) Solutions Architect
13 18 (3.24%) AWS Engineer
14 14 (2.52%) AWS Software Engineer
15 11 (1.98%) Angular Developer
15 11 (1.98%) React Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 261 (47.03%) Spring Boot
2 130 (23.42%) REST
3 95 (17.12%) RESTful
4 94 (16.94%) Kafka
5 91 (16.40%) Web Services
6 88 (15.86%) AngularJS
7 84 (15.14%) Apache Camel
8 73 (13.15%) Hibernate
9 62 (11.17%) HTML
9 62 (11.17%) React
10 61 (10.99%) Middleware
11 48 (8.65%) JMS
12 45 (8.11%) J2EE
12 45 (8.11%) RabbitMQ
13 44 (7.93%) Spring Integration
14 43 (7.75%) Spring Cloud
15 42 (7.57%) Spring Security
16 41 (7.39%) CSS
17 38 (6.85%) Node.js
18 34 (6.13%) HTML5
Miscellaneous
1 36 (6.49%) Fixed Income
2 28 (5.05%) Mobile App
3 20 (3.60%) User Experience
4 17 (3.06%) Analytical Skills
4 17 (3.06%) Enterprise Software
5 16 (2.88%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
5 16 (2.88%) Greenfield Project
6 14 (2.52%) Credit Risk
6 14 (2.52%) Pricing Data
7 13 (2.34%) Virtual Team
8 12 (2.16%) Public Cloud
9 11 (1.98%) Algorithms
9 11 (1.98%) Derivative
10 10 (1.80%) Equities
11 7 (1.26%) Cloud Native
12 6 (1.08%) Clustering
13 4 (0.72%) Data Structures
13 4 (0.72%) Self-Motivation
14 3 (0.54%) FMCG
15 2 (0.36%) Reference Data
Operating Systems
1 82 (14.77%) Linux
2 44 (7.93%) Unix
3 13 (2.34%) Windows
4 9 (1.62%) Android
5 7 (1.26%) Apple iOS
5 7 (1.26%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 6 (1.08%) Mac OS X
7 5 (0.90%) CentOS
7 5 (0.90%) Debian
7 5 (0.90%) Ubuntu
8 1 (0.18%) zOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 280 (50.45%) Agile Software Development
2 279 (50.27%) Microservices
3 161 (29.01%) TDD
4 113 (20.36%) DevOps
5 99 (17.84%) Software Engineering
6 95 (17.12%) Continuous Integration
7 94 (16.94%) Scrum
8 74 (13.33%) BDD
9 73 (13.15%) Test Automation
10 70 (12.61%) SDLC
11 69 (12.43%) Continuous Delivery
12 50 (9.01%) Multithreading
13 47 (8.47%) OO
14 42 (7.57%) Open Source
15 38 (6.85%) Computer Science
16 32 (5.77%) Kanban
17 31 (5.59%) AOP
18 28 (5.05%) Dependency Injection
18 28 (5.05%) Pair Programming
19 27 (4.86%) Unit Testing
Programming Languages
1 535 (96.40%) Java
2 200 (36.04%) Java 8
3 154 (27.75%) SQL
4 77 (13.87%) JavaScript
5 68 (12.25%) Python
6 54 (9.73%) Kotlin
7 36 (6.49%) Scala
8 23 (4.14%) PL/SQL
9 19 (3.42%) TypeScript
10 14 (2.52%) C#
10 14 (2.52%) Java 9
11 12 (2.16%) Shell Script
12 10 (1.80%) T-SQL
13 9 (1.62%) C++
13 9 (1.62%) Groovy
13 9 (1.62%) Perl
14 8 (1.44%) Bash Shell
15 7 (1.26%) VBA
16 6 (1.08%) Ruby
17 5 (0.90%) Clojure
Qualifications
1 87 (15.68%) Security Cleared
2 65 (11.71%) SC Cleared
3 20 (3.60%) Degree
4 15 (2.70%) DV Cleared
5 12 (2.16%) Computer Science Degree
6 4 (0.72%) Master's Degree
7 3 (0.54%) AWS Certification
8 2 (0.36%) BPSS Clearance
9 1 (0.18%) CISSP
9 1 (0.18%) CREST Certified
9 1 (0.18%) HNC
9 1 (0.18%) HND
9 1 (0.18%) OCPJP
9 1 (0.18%) SANS
9 1 (0.18%) Sun Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 28 (5.05%) QA
2 4 (0.72%) Data Quality
3 3 (0.54%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 2 (0.36%) ISO 9001
4 2 (0.36%) ISO/IEC 20000
5 1 (0.18%) Basel III
5 1 (0.18%) GDPR
5 1 (0.18%) MiFID
5 1 (0.18%) NCSC
System Software
1 144 (25.95%) Docker
2 3 (0.54%) vSphere
3 2 (0.36%) Oracle RAC
3 2 (0.36%) Postfix
4 1 (0.18%) Apache ZooKeeper
4 1 (0.18%) HDFS
4 1 (0.18%) VMware Infrastructure
Systems Management
1 131 (23.60%) Kubernetes
2 42 (7.57%) Prometheus
3 34 (6.13%) Terraform
4 21 (3.78%) Zipkin
5 12 (2.16%) Kibana
6 9 (1.62%) logstash
7 8 (1.44%) Ansible
8 7 (1.26%) Grafana
9 5 (0.90%) Puppet
9 5 (0.90%) Salt
10 3 (0.54%) linkerd
10 3 (0.54%) Rundeck
11 2 (0.36%) Consul
11 2 (0.36%) Data Guard
11 2 (0.36%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
11 2 (0.36%) Oracle RMAN
11 2 (0.36%) Single Sign-On
11 2 (0.36%) TeamSite
12 1 (0.18%) Control-M
12 1 (0.18%) NetIQ Identity Manager
Vendors
1 69 (12.43%) Oracle
2 38 (6.85%) Sybase
3 34 (6.13%) MuleSoft
4 26 (4.68%) Splunk
5 19 (3.42%) AppDynamics
6 17 (3.06%) Microsoft
7 13 (2.34%) Atlassian
7 13 (2.34%) Red Hat
8 10 (1.80%) Axway
9 9 (1.62%) Bloomberg
9 9 (1.62%) Murex
10 7 (1.26%) Sparx
11 6 (1.08%) TIBCO
12 5 (0.90%) Cloudera
12 5 (0.90%) Google
12 5 (0.90%) Hortonworks
12 5 (0.90%) hybris
12 5 (0.90%) IBM
12 5 (0.90%) SAP
12 5 (0.90%) Talend