Period
to 25 September 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Spring skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Spring over the 6 months to 25 September 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Pivotal Spring Framework
England > London
6 months to
25 Sep 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 56 64 82
Rank change year-on-year +8 +18 +10
Contract jobs citing Spring 2,021 1,717 1,359
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 4.40% 3.89% 3.07%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 11.17% 10.54% 9.05%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,551 1,265 1,060
London median daily rate £550 £513 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +7.32% +2.50% +5.26%
10th Percentile £413 £375 £367
90th Percentile £663 £638 £625
England median daily rate £500 £475 £450
% change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% +2.86%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1 4 0
London median hourly rate £25.00 £40.00 -
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -37.50% - -
England median hourly rate £42.50 £42.50 £44.75
% change year-on-year - -5.03% -0.56%

Spring is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 18,099 16,290 15,017
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 39.44% 36.93% 33.96%
Number of daily rates quoted 13,687 12,245 11,290
London median daily rate £518 £500 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +3.50% +11.11% -
10th Percentile £370 £350 £313
90th Percentile £675 £650 £625
England median daily rate £475 £450 £425
% change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 89 96 62
London median hourly rate £43.75 £35.00 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +25.00% -12.50% +33.33%
10th Percentile £20.65 £18.75 £19.00
90th Percentile £72.50 £52.25 £87.28
England median hourly rate £42.00 £40.00 £36.50
% change year-on-year +5.00% +9.59% -1.35%

Spring
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Spring as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Spring in London

Spring
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Spring in London.

Contractor daily rate trend for Spring in London

Spring
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Spring in London over the 6 months to 25 September 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Spring in London

Spring
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Spring in London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Spring in London

Spring
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Spring within the London region over the 6 months to 25 September 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London +13 405 £550 +10.00% 132
South London -18 126 £525 -2.78% 8
West London +38 78 £525 +5.00% 68
East London -8 54 £550 -4.35% 23
North London 0 5 £600 +52.38% 6
Spring
England

For the 6 months to 25 September 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Spring also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for Spring.

1 1,953 (96.64%) Java
2 1,162 (57.50%) Agile Software Development
3 829 (41.02%) Spring Boot
4 818 (40.48%) Java 8
5 784 (38.79%) TDD
6 738 (36.52%) Microservices
7 569 (28.15%) JavaScript
8 539 (26.67%) Docker
9 520 (25.73%) REST
10 503 (24.89%) Maven
11 490 (24.25%) Hibernate
12 466 (23.06%) Git (software)
13 445 (22.02%) Amazon AWS
14 440 (21.77%) BDD
15 438 (21.67%) Web Services
16 425 (21.03%) Jenkins
17 416 (20.58%) Banking
18 413 (20.44%) Finance
18 413 (20.44%) RESTful
19 411 (20.34%) SQL
20 370 (18.31%) Scrum
21 367 (18.16%) DevOps
22 366 (18.11%) Continuous Integration
23 364 (18.01%) AngularJS
24 329 (16.28%) JUnit
25 314 (15.54%) HTML
26 307 (15.19%) Relational Database
27 289 (14.30%) NoSQL
28 285 (14.10%) Linux
29 283 (14.00%) J2EE

Spring
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 162 (8.02%) Elasticsearch
2 118 (5.84%) Apache
3 116 (5.74%) Tomcat
4 108 (5.34%) Confluence
5 81 (4.01%) Mule
6 68 (3.36%) WebSphere
7 67 (3.32%) JBoss
8 60 (2.97%) Apache Spark
9 48 (2.38%) WebLogic
10 36 (1.78%) Apache Solr
11 35 (1.73%) Cloud Foundry
12 24 (1.19%) Jetty
13 22 (1.09%) CMS
14 19 (0.94%) WordPress
15 18 (0.89%) nginx
15 18 (0.89%) Oracle SOA Suite
16 17 (0.84%) Adobe Experience Manager
17 16 (0.79%) GlassFish
18 14 (0.69%) Oracle Coherence
19 12 (0.59%) Alfresco
Applications
1 9 (0.45%) MS Visio
2 4 (0.20%) Microsoft Excel
3 2 (0.099%) Microsoft Office
4 1 (0.049%) InVision
4 1 (0.049%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 1 (0.049%) Photoshop
4 1 (0.049%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 22 (1.09%) SAP Hybris
2 15 (0.74%) ION MarketView
3 5 (0.25%) Global One
4 3 (0.15%) Oracle Financials
4 3 (0.15%) Oracle Retail
4 3 (0.15%) PeopleSoft Financials
4 3 (0.15%) Salesforce.com CRM
4 3 (0.15%) Workday HCM
5 2 (0.099%) BusinessWorks
5 2 (0.099%) Kondor
5 2 (0.099%) LatentZero
5 2 (0.099%) Oracle BPM
5 2 (0.099%) Payment Gateway
5 2 (0.099%) thinkFolio
6 1 (0.049%) Adobe Campaign
6 1 (0.049%) Distributed Ledger
6 1 (0.049%) Dynamics CRM
6 1 (0.049%) Oracle General Ledger
6 1 (0.049%) Oracle Subledger Accounting
6 1 (0.049%) SunGard Martini
Cloud Services
1 445 (22.02%) Amazon AWS
2 91 (4.50%) Microsoft Azure
3 62 (3.07%) GitHub
4 52 (2.57%) Amazon EC2
5 34 (1.68%) PaaS
6 29 (1.43%) Google Cloud Platform
7 27 (1.34%) Serverless
8 24 (1.19%) Heroku
9 23 (1.14%) OpenShift
10 22 (1.09%) AWS Lambda
11 19 (0.94%) Amazon S3
12 15 (0.74%) Cloud Computing
13 14 (0.69%) Amazon Kinesis
14 10 (0.49%) IaaS
14 10 (0.49%) npm
15 9 (0.45%) Sauce Labs
16 8 (0.40%) SaaS
16 8 (0.40%) Virtual Private Cloud
17 7 (0.35%) BrowserStack
18 6 (0.30%) Amazon SQS
Communications & Networking
1 106 (5.24%) HTTP
2 57 (2.82%) TCP/IP
3 34 (1.68%) SSL
4 31 (1.53%) FTP
5 25 (1.24%) DNS
6 21 (1.04%) Kerberos
7 16 (0.79%) SMS
8 13 (0.64%) AMQP
9 10 (0.49%) Internet
10 5 (0.25%) BIG-IP
11 4 (0.20%) DOCSIS
11 4 (0.20%) Firewall
11 4 (0.20%) SSH
12 3 (0.15%) HTTPS
12 3 (0.15%) Network Security
12 3 (0.15%) SMTP
13 2 (0.099%) FIX Connectivity
13 2 (0.099%) RTMP
13 2 (0.099%) Skype
13 2 (0.099%) WAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 307 (15.19%) Relational Database
2 289 (14.30%) NoSQL
3 256 (12.67%) MongoDB
4 175 (8.66%) PostgreSQL
5 169 (8.36%) MySQL
6 141 (6.98%) SQL Server
7 120 (5.94%) RDBMS
8 114 (5.64%) Apache Cassandra
9 93 (4.60%) Big Data
10 68 (3.36%) Redis
11 65 (3.22%) Hadoop
12 51 (2.52%) Oracle Database
13 28 (1.39%) HBase
14 22 (1.09%) Oracle Database 11g
15 21 (1.04%) Amazon DynamoDB
16 18 (0.89%) Couchbase
17 13 (0.64%) Hazelcast
17 13 (0.64%) Neo4j
18 12 (0.59%) Riak
19 11 (0.54%) Amazon RDS
Development Applications
1 503 (24.89%) Maven
2 466 (23.06%) Git (software)
3 425 (21.03%) Jenkins
4 329 (16.28%) JUnit
5 169 (8.36%) Mockito
6 167 (8.26%) JIRA
7 149 (7.37%) Gradle
8 143 (7.08%) Cucumber
9 110 (5.44%) Subversion
10 79 (3.91%) Selenium
11 64 (3.17%) Hudson
12 57 (2.82%) Eclipse
13 55 (2.72%) IntelliJ
14 50 (2.47%) Ant
15 48 (2.38%) SonarQube
16 47 (2.33%) Atlassian Bamboo
17 46 (2.28%) GitLab
17 46 (2.28%) jMock
18 40 (1.98%) TeamCity
19 34 (1.68%) SoapUI
General
1 416 (20.58%) Banking
2 413 (20.44%) Finance
3 167 (8.26%) Investment Banking
4 124 (6.14%) Front Office
5 91 (4.50%) Retail
6 46 (2.28%) Games
7 31 (1.53%) Advertising
8 30 (1.48%) Back Office
9 19 (0.94%) Financial Institution
10 13 (0.64%) Legal
10 13 (0.64%) Pharmaceutical
10 13 (0.64%) Telecoms
11 11 (0.54%) Law
12 10 (0.49%) Automotive
12 10 (0.49%) Marketing
13 7 (0.35%) General Ledger
13 7 (0.35%) Wholesale Banking
14 6 (0.30%) Electronics
14 6 (0.30%) Manufacturing
15 4 (0.20%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 1,663 (82.29%) Developer
2 1,420 (70.26%) Java Developer
3 280 (13.85%) Senior Developer
4 250 (12.37%) Senior Java Developer
5 179 (8.86%) Full Stack Developer
6 127 (6.28%) Java Engineer
7 98 (4.85%) Lead Developer
8 93 (4.60%) Lead Java Developer
9 92 (4.55%) Angular Developer
10 87 (4.30%) Architect
11 84 (4.16%) Agile Developer
12 80 (3.96%) AWS Developer
13 70 (3.46%) Software Engineer
14 65 (3.22%) Backend Developer
15 64 (3.17%) Java Software Engineer
16 61 (3.02%) Integration Developer
17 58 (2.87%) Agile Java Developer
18 57 (2.82%) React Developer
19 48 (2.38%) JavaScript Developer
20 43 (2.13%) Technical Leader
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 829 (41.02%) Spring Boot
2 520 (25.73%) REST
3 490 (24.25%) Hibernate
4 438 (21.67%) Web Services
5 413 (20.44%) RESTful
6 364 (18.01%) AngularJS
7 314 (15.54%) HTML
8 283 (14.00%) J2EE
9 267 (13.21%) Kafka
10 239 (11.83%) React
11 220 (10.89%) Node.js
12 219 (10.84%) CSS
13 189 (9.35%) JMS
14 168 (8.31%) HTML5
15 167 (8.26%) Spring MVC
16 154 (7.62%) SOAP
17 144 (7.13%) XML
18 143 (7.08%) Apache Camel
19 127 (6.28%) Middleware
20 126 (6.23%) JSON
Miscellaneous
1 207 (10.24%) Greenfield Project
2 111 (5.49%) Fintech
3 101 (5.00%) Fixed Income
4 77 (3.81%) Computer Science
5 72 (3.56%) User Experience
6 62 (3.07%) Derivative
7 51 (2.52%) Analytical Skills
8 46 (2.28%) Enterprise Software
9 45 (2.23%) Algorithms
9 45 (2.23%) Equities
10 41 (2.03%) Mobile App
11 37 (1.83%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
12 28 (1.39%) iPad
13 27 (1.34%) Data Structures
14 24 (1.19%) Equity Derivative
15 22 (1.09%) Cloud Native
15 22 (1.09%) Online Games
16 20 (0.99%) Self-Motivation
17 15 (0.74%) PKI
18 12 (0.59%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 285 (14.10%) Linux
2 221 (10.94%) Unix
3 22 (1.09%) Apple iOS
4 14 (0.69%) Ubuntu
5 12 (0.59%) Windows
6 10 (0.49%) Android
7 9 (0.45%) Solaris
8 8 (0.40%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 4 (0.20%) HPUX
9 4 (0.20%) Windows Server
10 3 (0.15%) CentOS
10 3 (0.15%) VMS
11 1 (0.049%) Debian
11 1 (0.049%) Mac OS
11 1 (0.049%) SUSE
11 1 (0.049%) Windows 2000
11 1 (0.049%) Windows Vista
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,162 (57.50%) Agile Software Development
2 784 (38.79%) TDD
3 738 (36.52%) Microservices
4 440 (21.77%) BDD
5 370 (18.31%) Scrum
6 367 (18.16%) DevOps
7 366 (18.11%) Continuous Integration
8 267 (13.21%) Test Automation
9 248 (12.27%) MVC
10 217 (10.74%) Open Source
11 206 (10.19%) Software Engineering
12 191 (9.45%) OO
13 189 (9.35%) Kanban
14 181 (8.96%) E-Commerce
15 180 (8.91%) Pair Programming
16 154 (7.62%) Multithreading
17 123 (6.09%) Continuous Delivery
18 120 (5.94%) Unit Testing
19 113 (5.59%) SOA
20 111 (5.49%) Mentoring
Programming Languages
1 1,953 (96.64%) Java
2 818 (40.48%) Java 8
3 569 (28.15%) JavaScript
4 411 (20.34%) SQL
5 139 (6.88%) Scala
6 73 (3.61%) Groovy
7 69 (3.41%) ES6
7 69 (3.41%) Python
8 61 (3.02%) PL/SQL
9 48 (2.38%) Shell Script
10 43 (2.13%) Bash Shell
10 43 (2.13%) Ruby
11 40 (1.98%) TypeScript
12 32 (1.58%) Kotlin
13 31 (1.53%) C#
14 21 (1.04%) Java 9
15 20 (0.99%) XPath
16 18 (0.89%) Perl
17 15 (0.74%) C++
17 15 (0.74%) PHP
Qualifications
1 103 (5.10%) Degree
2 93 (4.60%) Security Cleared
3 73 (3.61%) SC Cleared
4 57 (2.82%) Computer Science Degree
5 21 (1.04%) Master's Degree
6 18 (0.89%) BPSS Clearance
7 6 (0.30%) OCPJP
8 4 (0.20%) DV Cleared
8 4 (0.20%) ISTQB
8 4 (0.20%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
9 3 (0.15%) PMI Certification
9 3 (0.15%) Sun Certification
10 2 (0.099%) PMP
11 1 (0.049%) AWS Certification
11 1 (0.049%) DBS Check
11 1 (0.049%) PhD
11 1 (0.049%) SAFe Agilist
11 1 (0.049%) TOGAF Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 60 (2.97%) QA
2 12 (0.59%) Disclosure Scotland
3 4 (0.20%) Data Quality
3 4 (0.20%) GDPR
3 4 (0.20%) PMO
3 4 (0.20%) PSD2
4 2 (0.099%) ISO 20022
4 2 (0.099%) WAI
5 1 (0.049%) IFRS
5 1 (0.049%) IFRS 9
5 1 (0.049%) SLA
System Software
1 539 (26.67%) Docker
2 26 (1.29%) VMware Infrastructure
2 26 (1.29%) vSphere
3 16 (0.79%) HDFS
4 8 (0.40%) OpenAM
5 5 (0.25%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 3 (0.15%) Active Directory
7 2 (0.099%) Postfix
8 1 (0.049%) LXC
8 1 (0.049%) Microsoft Virtual Server
8 1 (0.049%) OpenIDM
8 1 (0.049%) Oracle RAC
8 1 (0.049%) Shibboleth
8 1 (0.049%) Virtual Servers
8 1 (0.049%) VirtualBox
8 1 (0.049%) XenApp
Systems Management
1 252 (12.47%) Kubernetes
2 90 (4.45%) Ansible
3 89 (4.40%) Terraform
4 39 (1.93%) Mesos
5 34 (1.68%) Marathon
6 25 (1.24%) Docker Swarm
7 23 (1.14%) Prometheus
8 22 (1.09%) Grafana
8 22 (1.09%) Puppet
9 21 (1.04%) Kibana
9 21 (1.04%) logstash
9 21 (1.04%) Opscode Chef
10 17 (0.84%) Consul
11 16 (0.79%) Single Sign-On
12 12 (0.59%) linkerd
13 9 (0.45%) Control-M
14 8 (0.40%) CA Single Sign-On
15 6 (0.30%) Rancher
16 5 (0.25%) ITRS Geneos
17 4 (0.20%) Business Desktop Deployment
Vendors
1 238 (11.78%) Oracle
2 66 (3.27%) Google
3 49 (2.42%) MuleSoft
4 44 (2.18%) Sybase
5 43 (2.13%) hybris
5 43 (2.13%) TIBCO
6 38 (1.88%) SAP
7 34 (1.68%) IBM
8 33 (1.63%) Splunk
9 31 (1.53%) Atlassian
10 30 (1.48%) Microsoft
11 28 (1.39%) AppDynamics
11 28 (1.39%) VMware
12 24 (1.19%) Salesforce.com
13 19 (0.94%) Adobe
13 19 (0.94%) Apigee
14 17 (0.84%) Murex
15 13 (0.64%) Red Hat
15 13 (0.64%) Solace
16 11 (0.54%) Apple