Period
to

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Spring skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Spring over the 6 months to 20 May 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Pivotal Spring Framework
England > London
6 months to
20 May 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 75 57 62
Rank change year-on-year -18 +5 +6
Contract jobs citing Spring 1,272 1,106 782
As % of all contract jobs advertised in London 3.27% 4.58% 3.90%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 10.48% 12.55% 10.35%
Number of daily rates quoted 982 816 584
10th Percentile £450 £427 £423
25th Percentile £515 £500 £470
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £625 £575 £550
Median % change year-on-year +8.70% +4.55% -
75th Percentile £714 £675 £625
90th Percentile £787 £725 £684
England median daily rate £600 £550 £520
% change year-on-year +9.09% +5.77% +1.46%
Number of hourly rates quoted 5 2 3
10th Percentile £70.42 £68.04 £54.20
25th Percentile £71.80 £68.09 £56.75
Median hourly rate £73.60 £68.18 £62.00
Median % change year-on-year +7.94% +9.97% -
75th Percentile £75.84 £68.27 £66.25
90th Percentile £76.54 £68.32 £68.20
England median hourly rate £65.54 £65.50 £60.00
% change year-on-year +0.06% +9.17% +9.09%

Spring is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 12,138 8,815 7,555
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 31.19% 36.49% 37.68%
Number of daily rates quoted 9,424 6,604 5,631
10th Percentile £425 £381 £375
25th Percentile £506 £450 £450
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £600 £525 £525
Median % change year-on-year +14.29% - -
75th Percentile £712 £638 £625
90th Percentile £800 £713 £700
England median daily rate £570 £500 £500
% change year-on-year +14.00% - -
Number of hourly rates quoted 64 35 33
10th Percentile £27.75 £21.27 £23.80
25th Percentile £35.00 £36.50 £31.25
Median hourly rate £45.25 £50.00 £48.85
Median % change year-on-year -9.50% +2.35% +8.76%
75th Percentile £65.44 £65.00 £63.00
90th Percentile £75.71 £68.00 £68.71
England median hourly rate £50.00 £47.13 £46.00
% change year-on-year +6.10% +2.45% +2.42%

Spring
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Spring as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Spring in London

Spring
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Spring in London.

Daily rate trend for Spring in London

Spring
Daily Rate Histogram in London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Spring in London over the 6 months to 20 May 2022.

Daily rate histogram for Spring in London

Spring
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Spring in London.

Hourly rate trend for Spring in London

Spring
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Spring within the London region over the 6 months to 20 May 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
Central London -27 167 £700 +16.67% 68
South London +1 18 £625 +25.00% 6
West London -17 5 £625 +14.68% 18
East London -18 5 £580 +7.91% 18
North London - 1 £800 - 3
Spring
England

For the 6 months to 20 May 2022, IT contractor jobs citing Spring also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for Spring.

1 1,225 (96.31%) Java
2 714 (56.13%) Spring Boot
3 635 (49.92%) Agile
4 569 (44.73%) Microservices
5 374 (29.40%) CI/CD
6 354 (27.83%) TDD
7 338 (26.57%) REST
8 332 (26.10%) Jenkins
9 309 (24.29%) Banking
10 303 (23.82%) Docker
11 301 (23.66%) Finance
12 299 (23.51%) Kubernetes
13 292 (22.96%) SQL
14 273 (21.46%) Git (software)
15 271 (21.31%) Maven
16 269 (21.15%) DevOps
17 268 (21.07%) JavaScript
18 250 (19.65%) Hibernate
19 243 (19.10%) Kafka
20 227 (17.85%) Software Engineering
21 226 (17.77%) AWS
22 211 (16.59%) Full Stack Development
23 208 (16.35%) Social Skills
24 206 (16.19%) Azure
25 197 (15.49%) React
26 195 (15.33%) RESTful
26 195 (15.33%) Oracle
27 187 (14.70%) Scrum
28 183 (14.39%) HTML
29 169 (13.29%) Test Automation

Spring
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 102 (8.02%) Confluence
2 61 (4.80%) Red Hat Fuse
3 53 (4.17%) Tomcat
4 51 (4.01%) Mule
5 50 (3.93%) JBoss
6 31 (2.44%) Apache
6 31 (2.44%) Elasticsearch
7 26 (2.04%) WebLogic
8 20 (1.57%) Cloud Foundry
8 20 (1.57%) WebSphere
9 9 (0.71%) Oracle Coherence
10 8 (0.63%) Jetty
10 8 (0.63%) WebSphere Application Server
11 7 (0.55%) Apache Airflow
12 6 (0.47%) Adobe Experience Manager
12 6 (0.47%) Apache Solr
12 6 (0.47%) FileNet
12 6 (0.47%) IIS
13 5 (0.39%) Apache Spark
14 4 (0.31%) Oracle SOA Suite
Applications
1 2 (0.16%) MS Visio
2 1 (0.079%) AutoCAD
2 1 (0.079%) Microsoft Excel
2 1 (0.079%) Microsoft Office
2 1 (0.079%) Pro/ENGINEER
2 1 (0.079%) PTC Creo
2 1 (0.079%) Siemens NX
2 1 (0.079%) SOLIDWORKS
Business Applications
1 8 (0.63%) TIBCO iProcess
2 6 (0.47%) Payment Gateway
3 4 (0.31%) SAP Hybris
4 3 (0.24%) Oracle EBS
4 3 (0.24%) WebTrends
5 2 (0.16%) Distributed Ledger
5 2 (0.16%) Dynamics CRM
5 2 (0.16%) Magento
5 2 (0.16%) Shopify
5 2 (0.16%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
5 2 (0.16%) Temenos T24
6 1 (0.079%) Oracle BPM
6 1 (0.079%) Salesforce.com CRM
6 1 (0.079%) Teamcenter
Cloud Services
1 226 (17.77%) AWS
2 206 (16.19%) Azure
3 103 (8.10%) GCP
4 73 (5.74%) GitHub
5 51 (4.01%) OpenShift
6 35 (2.75%) Serverless
7 27 (2.12%) AWS Lambda
8 25 (1.97%) Azure Data Factory
9 23 (1.81%) Amazon S3
9 23 (1.81%) Amazon SQS
10 18 (1.42%) Amazon EC2
11 14 (1.10%) Apigee
11 14 (1.10%) IaaS
11 14 (1.10%) Kong
12 12 (0.94%) Amazon CloudWatch
13 11 (0.86%) Amazon ECS
14 10 (0.79%) Cloud Computing
15 8 (0.63%) PaaS
15 8 (0.63%) Power Platform
16 7 (0.55%) PowerApps
Communications & Networking
1 21 (1.65%) DSL
2 17 (1.34%) HTTP
3 8 (0.63%) Internet
4 6 (0.47%) FTP
4 6 (0.47%) Kerberos
5 4 (0.31%) Firewall
6 3 (0.24%) MQTT
6 3 (0.24%) SSL
7 2 (0.16%) AMQP
7 2 (0.16%) Intranet
7 2 (0.16%) Intrusion Detection
8 1 (0.079%) 5G
8 1 (0.079%) F5 BIG-IP GTM
8 1 (0.079%) F5 BIG-IP LTM
8 1 (0.079%) SAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 147 (11.56%) Relational Database
2 135 (10.61%) NoSQL
3 126 (9.91%) SQL Server
4 120 (9.43%) PostgreSQL
5 111 (8.73%) MongoDB
6 68 (5.35%) MySQL
7 64 (5.03%) Redis
8 35 (2.75%) Oracle Database
9 33 (2.59%) RDBMS
10 28 (2.20%) Hazelcast
11 25 (1.97%) Apache Cassandra
12 23 (1.81%) Big Data
13 22 (1.73%) Delta Lake
14 18 (1.42%) Amazon DynamoDB
15 13 (1.02%) Amazon RDS
16 9 (0.71%) GIS
16 9 (0.71%) Hadoop
17 7 (0.55%) Azure SQL Database
17 7 (0.55%) Data Warehouse
17 7 (0.55%) DB2
Development Applications
1 332 (26.10%) Jenkins
2 273 (21.46%) Git (software)
3 271 (21.31%) Maven
4 161 (12.66%) JIRA
5 141 (11.08%) JUnit
6 113 (8.88%) GitLab
7 112 (8.81%) Cucumber
8 90 (7.08%) Gradle
9 65 (5.11%) Mockito
10 64 (5.03%) TeamCity
11 48 (3.77%) Sonatype Nexus
12 46 (3.62%) Bitbucket
13 44 (3.46%) Subversion
14 42 (3.30%) Atlassian Bamboo
15 39 (3.07%) Eclipse
16 37 (2.91%) SonarQube
17 34 (2.67%) Artifactory
18 32 (2.52%) Selenium
19 24 (1.89%) jMock
19 24 (1.89%) REST Assured
General
1 309 (24.29%) Banking
2 301 (23.66%) Finance
3 208 (16.35%) Social Skills
4 168 (13.21%) Investment Banking
5 99 (7.78%) Front Office
6 66 (5.19%) Analytical Skills
7 64 (5.03%) Public Sector
8 39 (3.07%) Retail
9 30 (2.36%) Financial Institution
10 17 (1.34%) Legal
11 16 (1.26%) Law
11 16 (1.26%) Marketing
12 11 (0.86%) Automotive
12 11 (0.86%) Telecoms
13 9 (0.71%) Manufacturing
13 9 (0.71%) Presentation Skills
14 7 (0.55%) Billing
14 7 (0.55%) Electronics
14 7 (0.55%) Organisational Skills
15 6 (0.47%) Advertising
Job Titles
1 947 (74.45%) Developer
2 737 (57.94%) Java Developer
3 185 (14.54%) Senior Developer
4 152 (11.95%) Senior Java Developer
5 111 (8.73%) Full Stack Developer
6 102 (8.02%) Java Engineer
7 64 (5.03%) Software Engineer
8 53 (4.17%) Integration Developer
9 43 (3.38%) Software Developer
10 40 (3.14%) Architect
11 38 (2.99%) Java Software Engineer
12 34 (2.67%) Agile Developer
12 34 (2.67%) Agile Java Developer
12 34 (2.67%) React Developer
13 33 (2.59%) Backend Developer
14 28 (2.20%) Enterprise Integration Developer
15 27 (2.12%) Senior Java Engineer
16 23 (1.81%) Angular Developer
17 22 (1.73%) Developer in Test
17 22 (1.73%) SC Cleared Java Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 714 (56.13%) Spring Boot
2 338 (26.57%) REST
3 250 (19.65%) Hibernate
4 243 (19.10%) Kafka
5 197 (15.49%) React
6 195 (15.33%) RESTful
7 183 (14.39%) HTML
8 164 (12.89%) Web Services
9 139 (10.93%) AngularJS
10 136 (10.69%) CSS
11 130 (10.22%) J2EE
12 123 (9.67%) Node.js
13 106 (8.33%) JPA
14 101 (7.94%) HTML5
15 95 (7.47%) JMS
16 94 (7.39%) Apache Camel
17 92 (7.23%) JSON
18 80 (6.29%) Middleware
19 79 (6.21%) SOAP
20 73 (5.74%) XML
Miscellaneous
1 56 (4.40%) Cloud Native
2 40 (3.14%) User Experience
3 34 (2.67%) Greenfield Project
4 33 (2.59%) Enterprise Software
5 30 (2.36%) Virtual Team
6 28 (2.20%) Clustering
7 25 (1.97%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
8 19 (1.49%) Fixed Income
8 19 (1.49%) Management Information System
8 19 (1.49%) Self-Motivation
9 16 (1.26%) Cyberthreat
9 16 (1.26%) Derivative
9 16 (1.26%) Legacy Systems
10 14 (1.10%) Equities
10 14 (1.10%) Public Cloud
11 13 (1.02%) Data Structures
12 12 (0.94%) Algorithms
12 12 (0.94%) Credit Risk
12 12 (0.94%) Hedge funds
12 12 (0.94%) Mobile App
Operating Systems
1 135 (10.61%) Linux
2 126 (9.91%) Unix
3 52 (4.09%) Windows
4 17 (1.34%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 11 (0.86%) Android
6 9 (0.71%) VMS
7 8 (0.63%) Mesosphere
8 7 (0.55%) Mac OS X
9 4 (0.31%) Amazon Linux
9 4 (0.31%) Apple iOS
9 4 (0.31%) Solaris
9 4 (0.31%) Windows Server
10 3 (0.24%) Ubuntu
10 3 (0.24%) zOS
11 2 (0.16%) Debian
11 2 (0.16%) MVS
11 2 (0.16%) Oracle Linux
12 1 (0.079%) AIX
12 1 (0.079%) Mac OS
12 1 (0.079%) Windows Server 2008
Processes & Methodologies
1 635 (49.92%) Agile
2 569 (44.73%) Microservices
3 374 (29.40%) CI/CD
4 354 (27.83%) TDD
5 269 (21.15%) DevOps
6 227 (17.85%) Software Engineering
7 211 (16.59%) Full Stack Development
8 187 (14.70%) Scrum
9 169 (13.29%) Test Automation
10 155 (12.19%) BDD
11 136 (10.69%) Continuous Integration
12 108 (8.49%) Problem-Solving
13 100 (7.86%) OO
14 97 (7.63%) Event-Driven
15 94 (7.39%) SDLC
15 94 (7.39%) Unit Testing
16 89 (7.00%) Kanban
17 88 (6.92%) Multithreading
18 72 (5.66%) Event-Driven Architecture
19 63 (4.95%) Fintech
Programming Languages
1 1,225 (96.31%) Java
2 292 (22.96%) SQL
3 268 (21.07%) JavaScript
4 83 (6.53%) Kotlin
5 82 (6.45%) TypeScript
6 79 (6.21%) Python
7 55 (4.32%) Shell Script
8 35 (2.75%) Groovy
9 34 (2.67%) Scala
10 28 (2.20%) PL/SQL
11 25 (1.97%) C#
12 22 (1.73%) Go
13 18 (1.42%) Bash
14 16 (1.26%) ES6
15 10 (0.79%) Perl
16 8 (0.63%) C++
16 8 (0.63%) Ruby
17 7 (0.55%) PowerShell
17 7 (0.55%) T-SQL
18 4 (0.31%) Ada
Qualifications
1 126 (9.91%) Security Cleared
2 106 (8.33%) SC Cleared
3 50 (3.93%) Degree
4 38 (2.99%) Computer Science Degree
5 21 (1.65%) BPSS Clearance
6 9 (0.71%) DV Cleared
7 8 (0.63%) AWS Certification
8 4 (0.31%) CTC Cleared
9 3 (0.24%) Master's Degree
9 3 (0.24%) Sun Certification
10 2 (0.16%) CISSP
10 2 (0.16%) MBA
10 2 (0.16%) OCPJP
10 2 (0.16%) PhD
11 1 (0.079%) CEH
11 1 (0.079%) CISA
11 1 (0.079%) CISM
11 1 (0.079%) GIAC
11 1 (0.079%) GPEN
11 1 (0.079%) SANS
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 60 (4.72%) QA
2 23 (1.81%) Accessibility
3 12 (0.94%) GDPR
4 8 (0.63%) ISO 20022
5 4 (0.31%) WCAG
6 3 (0.24%) SLA
7 2 (0.16%) ISO/IEC 20000
7 2 (0.16%) NCSC
7 2 (0.16%) SEPA
8 1 (0.079%) FATCA
System Software
1 303 (23.82%) Docker
2 7 (0.55%) Virtual Machines
3 5 (0.39%) VirtualBox
4 3 (0.24%) Active Directory
4 3 (0.24%) Postfix
5 2 (0.16%) GridGain
5 2 (0.16%) Oracle RAC
5 2 (0.16%) Platform Symphony
5 2 (0.16%) VMware Infrastructure
6 1 (0.079%) HDFS
6 1 (0.079%) OpenAM
6 1 (0.079%) OpenDJ
6 1 (0.079%) Shibboleth
6 1 (0.079%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 299 (23.51%) Kubernetes
2 111 (8.73%) Terraform
3 76 (5.97%) Ansible
4 23 (1.81%) Puppet
5 20 (1.57%) Kibana
6 19 (1.49%) Istio
7 12 (0.94%) Grafana
8 9 (0.71%) Rancher
9 7 (0.55%) Docker Swarm
9 7 (0.55%) ITRS Geneos
9 7 (0.55%) Mesos
9 7 (0.55%) Prometheus
10 6 (0.47%) Consul
10 6 (0.47%) Opscode Chef
11 5 (0.39%) Single Sign-On
12 4 (0.31%) logstash
12 4 (0.31%) Packer
13 2 (0.16%) Data Guard
13 2 (0.16%) HAProxy
13 2 (0.16%) Oracle RMAN
Vendors
1 195 (15.33%) Oracle
2 65 (5.11%) Google
3 64 (5.03%) Microsoft
4 32 (2.52%) Red Hat
5 29 (2.28%) IBM
6 27 (2.12%) Sybase
7 26 (2.04%) Databricks
8 23 (1.81%) AppDynamics
8 23 (1.81%) Splunk
9 15 (1.18%) Dynatrace
10 14 (1.10%) MuleSoft
11 12 (0.94%) TIBCO
12 11 (0.86%) Salesforce.com
13 10 (0.79%) hybris
14 9 (0.71%) ForgeRock
14 9 (0.71%) SAP
15 8 (0.63%) Pega
15 8 (0.63%) Solace
16 7 (0.55%) Checkmarx
16 7 (0.55%) New Relic