Period
to 25 January 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Spring skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Spring over the 6 months to 25 January 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Pivotal Spring Framework
England > London
6 months to
25 Jan 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 66 59 68
Rank change year-on-year -7 +9 +11
Contract jobs citing Spring 1,006 1,988 1,823
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 3.38% 4.47% 3.90%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 9.41% 11.57% 10.69%
Number of daily rates quoted 747 1,486 1,395
London median daily rate £550 £550 £525
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +4.76% +5.00%
10th Percentile £419 £413 £388
90th Percentile £688 £675 £638
England median daily rate £513 £518 £488
% change year-on-year -0.97% +6.15% +8.33%
Number of hourly rates quoted 4 2 1
London median hourly rate £35.00 £35.00 £42.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - -17.65% -
England median hourly rate £35.00 £35.61 £45.00
% change year-on-year -1.72% -20.86% -14.29%

Spring is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 10,694 17,178 17,046
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 35.92% 38.62% 36.50%
Number of daily rates quoted 7,812 12,907 13,202
London median daily rate £525 £525 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.00% +5.26%
10th Percentile £375 £375 £350
90th Percentile £695 £675 £650
England median daily rate £500 £496 £475
% change year-on-year +0.81% +4.42% +11.76%
Number of hourly rates quoted 71 73 103
London median hourly rate £47.83 £36.00 £32.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +32.86% +12.50% -28.89%
10th Percentile £25.00 £24.79 £20.15
90th Percentile £78.75 £53.75 £47.83
England median hourly rate £43.25 £41.50 £40.00
% change year-on-year +4.22% +3.75% -

Spring
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Spring as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Spring in London

Spring
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Spring in London.

Contractor daily rate trend for Spring in London

Spring
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Spring in London over the 6 months to 25 January 2020.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Spring in London

Spring
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Spring in London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Spring in London

Spring
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in London

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Spring in London over the 6 months to 25 January 2020.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Spring in London

Spring
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Spring within the London region over the 6 months to 25 January 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London -15 218 £550 - 133
South London +10 83 £525 - 17
East London +30 49 £550 -8.33% 25
West London 0 22 £550 +0.46% 57
North London +16 3 £488 +8.33% 3
Spring
England

For the 6 months to 25 January 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Spring also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for Spring.

1 949 (94.33%) Java
2 619 (61.53%) Agile Software Development
3 476 (47.32%) Microservices
4 472 (46.92%) Spring Boot
5 369 (36.68%) Java 8
6 354 (35.19%) TDD
7 302 (30.02%) Docker
8 265 (26.34%) Jenkins
9 252 (25.05%) AWS
10 249 (24.75%) REST
11 243 (24.16%) Git (software)
12 241 (23.96%) DevOps
13 235 (23.36%) Maven
14 231 (22.96%) Kubernetes
15 225 (22.37%) SQL
16 213 (21.17%) Kafka
17 211 (20.97%) JUnit
18 203 (20.18%) Scrum
19 197 (19.58%) AngularJS
20 188 (18.69%) JavaScript
21 181 (17.99%) RESTful
22 180 (17.89%) Web Services
23 179 (17.79%) Finance
24 172 (17.10%) BDD
25 154 (15.31%) Continuous Integration
26 146 (14.51%) Banking
27 144 (14.31%) Test Automation
28 139 (13.82%) Hibernate
29 131 (13.02%) Software Engineering
29 131 (13.02%) Security Cleared

Spring
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 59 (5.86%) Elasticsearch
2 52 (5.17%) Apache
3 51 (5.07%) Confluence
4 42 (4.17%) Tomcat
5 41 (4.08%) WebLogic
6 35 (3.48%) Apache Spark
7 30 (2.98%) Cloud Foundry
8 24 (2.39%) JBoss
9 15 (1.49%) WebSphere
10 14 (1.39%) Camunda
11 13 (1.29%) Jetty
12 9 (0.89%) Apache Solr
13 6 (0.60%) Oracle SOA Suite
14 5 (0.50%) CMS
15 4 (0.40%) Mule
15 4 (0.40%) WildFly
16 3 (0.30%) Adobe Experience Manager
16 3 (0.30%) IIS
16 3 (0.30%) Mule ESB
16 3 (0.30%) nginx
Applications
1 10 (0.99%) Microsoft Office
2 1 (0.099%) Microsoft Excel
2 1 (0.099%) Microsoft PowerPoint
2 1 (0.099%) MS Visio
2 1 (0.099%) Windchill
Business Applications
1 8 (0.80%) Oracle AML
1 8 (0.80%) SAP Oil and Gas
2 3 (0.30%) Oracle BPM
3 2 (0.20%) Oracle Applications
3 2 (0.20%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
4 1 (0.099%) BusinessWorks
4 1 (0.099%) SAP Hybris
Cloud Services
1 252 (25.05%) AWS
2 86 (8.55%) Azure
3 50 (4.97%) GitHub
4 41 (4.08%) GCP
5 28 (2.78%) Amazon EC2
6 24 (2.39%) OpenShift
7 15 (1.49%) Amazon SQS
8 11 (1.09%) Amazon S3
9 9 (0.89%) Amazon EKS
10 7 (0.70%) Amazon Kinesis
10 7 (0.70%) npm
11 6 (0.60%) AWS Lambda
11 6 (0.60%) SaaS
12 4 (0.40%) Amazon CloudWatch
12 4 (0.40%) Cloud Computing
12 4 (0.40%) PaaS
12 4 (0.40%) Serverless
13 3 (0.30%) Amazon ECS
13 3 (0.30%) AWS Fargate
13 3 (0.30%) Google Compute Engine
Communications & Networking
1 55 (5.47%) HTTP
2 36 (3.58%) TCP/IP
3 17 (1.69%) SSL
4 14 (1.39%) Internet
5 13 (1.29%) DNS
6 11 (1.09%) FTP
7 9 (0.89%) Kerberos
8 7 (0.70%) SSH
9 3 (0.30%) Remote Desktop
9 3 (0.30%) SMTP
9 3 (0.30%) Wireshark
10 2 (0.20%) DHCP
10 2 (0.20%) HTTPS
10 2 (0.20%) RTMP
11 1 (0.099%) DSL
11 1 (0.099%) Firewall
11 1 (0.099%) Reverse Proxy
11 1 (0.099%) Software-Defined Networking
Database & Business Intelligence
1 98 (9.74%) NoSQL
2 67 (6.66%) Relational Database
3 66 (6.56%) MySQL
4 58 (5.77%) PostgreSQL
5 56 (5.57%) MongoDB
6 32 (3.18%) Apache Cassandra
6 32 (3.18%) Hadoop
7 31 (3.08%) Big Data
8 28 (2.78%) SQL Server
9 27 (2.68%) Oracle Database
10 21 (2.09%) Flink
11 19 (1.89%) RDBMS
12 18 (1.79%) Amazon RDS
13 11 (1.09%) Apache Hive
13 11 (1.09%) Oracle Database 12c
13 11 (1.09%) Redis
14 10 (0.99%) Oracle Database 10g
15 9 (0.89%) HBase
16 7 (0.70%) BusinessObjects
16 7 (0.70%) Cosmos DB
Development Applications
1 265 (26.34%) Jenkins
2 243 (24.16%) Git (software)
3 235 (23.36%) Maven
4 211 (20.97%) JUnit
5 128 (12.72%) Mockito
6 120 (11.93%) Gradle
7 105 (10.44%) JIRA
8 68 (6.76%) Cucumber
9 41 (4.08%) SonarQube
10 40 (3.98%) Subversion
11 35 (3.48%) Selenium
12 33 (3.28%) Bitbucket
12 33 (3.28%) GitLab
13 30 (2.98%) Eclipse
14 29 (2.88%) Ant
15 22 (2.19%) Atlassian Bamboo
16 19 (1.89%) DbUnit
16 19 (1.89%) jMock
16 19 (1.89%) TeamCity
16 19 (1.89%) Visual Studio Team System
General
1 179 (17.79%) Finance
2 146 (14.51%) Banking
3 66 (6.56%) Investment Banking
4 39 (3.88%) Front Office
5 31 (3.08%) Public Sector
6 23 (2.29%) Games
7 20 (1.99%) Marketing
8 18 (1.79%) Retail
9 14 (1.39%) Back Office
10 13 (1.29%) Financial Institution
11 9 (0.89%) Retail Banking
12 6 (0.60%) Advertising
12 6 (0.60%) Automotive
12 6 (0.60%) Telecoms
13 4 (0.40%) Pharmaceutical
14 3 (0.30%) Legal
14 3 (0.30%) Manufacturing
15 2 (0.20%) Aerospace
15 2 (0.20%) Police
16 1 (0.099%) Electronics
Job Titles
1 821 (81.61%) Developer
2 675 (67.10%) Java Developer
3 116 (11.53%) Full Stack Developer
4 96 (9.54%) Senior Developer
5 86 (8.55%) Senior Java Developer
6 73 (7.26%) Agile Developer
7 68 (6.76%) AWS Developer
8 66 (6.56%) Agile Java Developer
9 58 (5.77%) SC Cleared Java Developer
10 52 (5.17%) Java Engineer
11 50 (4.97%) Backend Developer
12 49 (4.87%) React Developer
13 39 (3.88%) Angular Developer
14 37 (3.68%) Software Engineer
15 36 (3.58%) Java Developer - Fintech
16 33 (3.28%) Architect
17 21 (2.09%) DevOps Developer
17 21 (2.09%) SQL Developer
18 18 (1.79%) DevOps Engineer
19 17 (1.69%) Java Software Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 472 (46.92%) Spring Boot
2 249 (24.75%) REST
3 213 (21.17%) Kafka
4 197 (19.58%) AngularJS
5 181 (17.99%) RESTful
6 180 (17.89%) Web Services
7 139 (13.82%) Hibernate
8 126 (12.52%) HTML
9 121 (12.03%) React
10 118 (11.73%) CSS
11 83 (8.25%) SOAP
12 80 (7.95%) J2EE
13 75 (7.46%) HTML5
14 64 (6.36%) Spring Cloud
15 63 (6.26%) JSON
16 61 (6.06%) JPA
17 59 (5.86%) Node.js
18 56 (5.57%) Apache Camel
19 53 (5.27%) RabbitMQ
20 52 (5.17%) Spring MVC
Miscellaneous
1 88 (8.75%) Greenfield Project
2 47 (4.67%) Enterprise Software
3 39 (3.88%) User Experience
4 36 (3.58%) Virtual Team
5 33 (3.28%) Analytical Skills
6 31 (3.08%) Derivative
6 31 (3.08%) Mobile App
7 28 (2.78%) Data Structures
7 28 (2.78%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
8 25 (2.49%) Equity Derivative
8 25 (2.49%) Fixed Income
9 23 (2.29%) Algorithms
10 21 (2.09%) Cloud Native
11 15 (1.49%) Linux Command Line
11 15 (1.49%) Self-Motivation
12 14 (1.39%) Mobile Payment
13 13 (1.29%) Semantic Web
14 10 (0.99%) iPad
14 10 (0.99%) N-Tier
15 8 (0.80%) Blog
Operating Systems
1 112 (11.13%) Linux
2 60 (5.96%) Unix
3 25 (2.49%) Windows
4 20 (1.99%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 11 (1.09%) Ubuntu
6 10 (0.99%) Android
7 7 (0.70%) CentOS
7 7 (0.70%) Debian
8 6 (0.60%) Mac OS
9 5 (0.50%) Apple iOS
10 3 (0.30%) Windows Server 2008
11 2 (0.20%) Mac OS X
11 2 (0.20%) Oracle Linux
11 2 (0.20%) Solaris
11 2 (0.20%) Windows Server
11 2 (0.20%) Windows Server 2003
12 1 (0.099%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 619 (61.53%) Agile Software Development
2 476 (47.32%) Microservices
3 354 (35.19%) TDD
4 241 (23.96%) DevOps
5 203 (20.18%) Scrum
6 172 (17.10%) BDD
7 154 (15.31%) Continuous Integration
8 144 (14.31%) Test Automation
9 131 (13.02%) Software Engineering
10 120 (11.93%) Open Source
11 91 (9.05%) Unit Testing
12 78 (7.75%) Pair Programming
13 72 (7.16%) Fintech
13 72 (7.16%) OO
14 70 (6.96%) E-Commerce
15 65 (6.46%) Computer Science
16 64 (6.36%) Kanban
17 63 (6.26%) MVC
18 62 (6.16%) Multithreading
19 59 (5.86%) Problem-Solving
Programming Languages
1 949 (94.33%) Java
2 369 (36.68%) Java 8
3 225 (22.37%) SQL
4 188 (18.69%) JavaScript
5 81 (8.05%) Python
6 60 (5.96%) Scala
7 52 (5.17%) Kotlin
7 52 (5.17%) TypeScript
8 41 (4.08%) ES6
9 35 (3.48%) PL/SQL
10 26 (2.58%) C#
11 24 (2.39%) Groovy
12 19 (1.89%) Bash Shell
12 19 (1.89%) Ruby
13 16 (1.59%) Shell Script
14 15 (1.49%) C++
15 11 (1.09%) Clojure
16 8 (0.80%) ES7
16 8 (0.80%) Go
17 6 (0.60%) Java 9
Qualifications
1 131 (13.02%) Security Cleared
2 109 (10.83%) SC Cleared
3 58 (5.77%) Degree
4 23 (2.29%) Computer Science Degree
5 15 (1.49%) DV Cleared
6 11 (1.09%) Master's Degree
7 4 (0.40%) BPSS Clearance
7 4 (0.40%) OCPJP
8 3 (0.30%) CTC Cleared
9 1 (0.099%) AWS Certification
9 1 (0.099%) Sun Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 23 (2.29%) QA
2 3 (0.30%) GDPR
2 3 (0.30%) ISO/IEC 20000
2 3 (0.30%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 3 (0.30%) PCI DSS
2 3 (0.30%) PMO
3 2 (0.20%) PSD2
3 2 (0.20%) WCAG
4 1 (0.099%) ISO 20022
4 1 (0.099%) ISO 8583
System Software
1 302 (30.02%) Docker
2 11 (1.09%) VMware Infrastructure
2 11 (1.09%) vSphere
3 7 (0.70%) Postfix
4 6 (0.60%) GridGain
5 4 (0.40%) HDFS
6 3 (0.30%) Oracle RAC
7 2 (0.20%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 2 (0.20%) NFS
Systems Management
1 231 (22.96%) Kubernetes
2 51 (5.07%) Terraform
3 32 (3.18%) Ansible
4 26 (2.58%) Puppet
5 17 (1.69%) Opscode Chef
6 10 (0.99%) Docker Swarm
7 7 (0.70%) Kibana
8 6 (0.60%) Cobbler
8 6 (0.60%) Consul
9 5 (0.50%) Hadoop YARN
9 5 (0.50%) Prometheus
9 5 (0.50%) Salt
10 4 (0.40%) logstash
11 3 (0.30%) Data Guard
11 3 (0.30%) Grafana
11 3 (0.30%) Oracle RMAN
11 3 (0.30%) Packer
11 3 (0.30%) Rundeck
11 3 (0.30%) SELinux
12 2 (0.20%) ITRS Geneos
Vendors
1 111 (11.03%) Oracle
2 35 (3.48%) Google
3 22 (2.19%) Microsoft
3 22 (2.19%) SAP
4 21 (2.09%) hybris
5 17 (1.69%) MuleSoft
6 14 (1.39%) Red Hat
7 12 (1.19%) Adobe
8 11 (1.09%) VMware
9 10 (0.99%) Splunk
10 9 (0.89%) Charles River
11 8 (0.80%) Perforce
12 7 (0.70%) Gigya
12 7 (0.70%) IBM
13 6 (0.60%) Cloudera
13 6 (0.60%) Sybase
14 5 (0.50%) CA Agile Central
14 5 (0.50%) WSO2
15 4 (0.40%) Bloomberg
15 4 (0.40%) Cognizant