Period
to 22 October 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Spring skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Spring over the 6 months to 22 October 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Pivotal Spring Framework
England > London
6 months to
22 Oct 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 78 55 64
Rank change year-on-year -23 +9 +24
Contract jobs citing Spring 1,177 2,092 1,753
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 3.21% 4.53% 3.89%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 8.81% 11.50% 10.49%
Number of daily rates quoted 884 1,591 1,306
London median daily rate £550 £550 £525
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +4.76% +7.14%
10th Percentile £425 £425 £383
90th Percentile £700 £675 £638
England median daily rate £515 £506 £475
% change year-on-year +1.73% +6.58% +5.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 4 1 4
London median hourly rate £42.50 £35.00 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +21.43% -12.50% -
England median hourly rate £42.50 £42.50 £41.25
% change year-on-year - +3.03% -13.16%

Spring is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 13,364 18,196 16,717
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 36.40% 39.40% 37.09%
Number of daily rates quoted 9,981 13,694 12,704
London median daily rate £525 £525 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.00% +9.89%
10th Percentile £375 £375 £350
90th Percentile £688 £675 £650
England median daily rate £500 £475 £450
% change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 75 79 86
London median hourly rate £47.50 £43.50 £30.19
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +9.20% +44.11% -28.98%
10th Percentile £21.55 £19.93 £18.25
90th Percentile £63.75 £72.12 £49.38
England median hourly rate £44.28 £41.77 £40.00
% change year-on-year +6.03% +4.41% +6.67%

Spring
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Spring as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Spring in London

Spring
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Spring in London.

Contractor daily rate trend for Spring in London

Spring
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Spring in London over the 6 months to 22 October 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Spring in London

Spring
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Spring in London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Spring in London

Spring
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in London

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Spring in London over the 6 months to 22 October 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Spring in London

Spring
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Spring within the London region over the 6 months to 22 October 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London -18 276 £550 - 135
South London +6 73 £513 -2.38% 13
East London +14 54 £550 -1.12% 24
West London -24 28 £575 +4.55% 52
North London +1 1 £525 -12.50% 6
Spring
England

For the 6 months to 22 October 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Spring also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for Spring.

1 1,101 (93.54%) Java
2 700 (59.47%) Agile Software Development
3 588 (49.96%) Microservices
4 573 (48.68%) Spring Boot
5 473 (40.19%) Java 8
6 418 (35.51%) TDD
7 345 (29.31%) Docker
8 303 (25.74%) DevOps
8 303 (25.74%) AWS
9 288 (24.47%) JavaScript
10 282 (23.96%) REST
11 276 (23.45%) SQL
12 268 (22.77%) Jenkins
13 263 (22.34%) Git (software)
14 257 (21.84%) AngularJS
15 234 (19.88%) Scrum
16 230 (19.54%) Kafka
17 226 (19.20%) Finance
18 221 (18.78%) Hibernate
19 219 (18.61%) Maven
20 218 (18.52%) BDD
21 212 (18.01%) Kubernetes
22 197 (16.74%) JUnit
23 196 (16.65%) RESTful
24 188 (15.97%) Web Services
25 186 (15.80%) Banking
26 167 (14.19%) React
27 164 (13.93%) HTML
28 162 (13.76%) Node.js
29 152 (12.91%) NoSQL

Spring
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 73 (6.20%) Confluence
2 71 (6.03%) Elasticsearch
3 62 (5.27%) Apache Spark
4 61 (5.18%) Apache
5 38 (3.23%) Tomcat
6 35 (2.97%) JBoss
7 33 (2.80%) Apache Solr
8 23 (1.95%) Cloud Foundry
9 19 (1.61%) WebLogic
10 18 (1.53%) Jetty
11 17 (1.44%) Magnolia
12 14 (1.19%) WebSphere
13 10 (0.85%) CMS
14 8 (0.68%) Mule
15 7 (0.59%) Oracle SOA Suite
16 6 (0.51%) IIS
16 6 (0.51%) nginx
16 6 (0.51%) Oracle Self-Service HR
17 5 (0.42%) Anypoint
18 2 (0.17%) Mule ESB
Applications
1 4 (0.34%) Microsoft Excel
2 1 (0.085%) Adobe Premiere
2 1 (0.085%) Chatbot
2 1 (0.085%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 4 (0.34%) SAP Hybris
2 3 (0.25%) Salesforce.com CRM
3 2 (0.17%) BusinessWorks
3 2 (0.17%) Magento
3 2 (0.17%) Oracle Applications
3 2 (0.17%) Payment Gateway
4 1 (0.085%) Dynamics CRM
4 1 (0.085%) Fredhopper
4 1 (0.085%) Oracle BPM
4 1 (0.085%) Oracle EBS
4 1 (0.085%) SAP ERP
4 1 (0.085%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
Cloud Services
1 303 (25.74%) AWS
2 120 (10.20%) Azure
3 56 (4.76%) GCP
4 54 (4.59%) GitHub
5 36 (3.06%) OpenShift
6 32 (2.72%) Amazon EC2
7 29 (2.46%) Amazon SQS
8 28 (2.38%) Serverless
9 21 (1.78%) AWS Lambda
10 18 (1.53%) Amazon S3
10 18 (1.53%) npm
11 15 (1.27%) Amazon Kinesis
12 11 (0.93%) PaaS
13 9 (0.76%) SaaS
14 8 (0.68%) Apigee
14 8 (0.68%) Cloud Computing
15 7 (0.59%) Amazon ECS
15 7 (0.59%) Yarn
16 6 (0.51%) IaaS
17 5 (0.42%) Amazon EKS
Communications & Networking
1 53 (4.50%) HTTP
2 32 (2.72%) TCP/IP
3 23 (1.95%) FTP
4 18 (1.53%) Internet
5 13 (1.10%) Kerberos
5 13 (1.10%) SSL
6 11 (0.93%) DNS
7 10 (0.85%) SSH
8 6 (0.51%) Reverse Proxy
9 3 (0.25%) Ethernet
9 3 (0.25%) SMTP
10 2 (0.17%) AMQP
10 2 (0.17%) Firewall
10 2 (0.17%) HTTPS
10 2 (0.17%) MPLS
10 2 (0.17%) PuTTY
10 2 (0.17%) Remote Desktop
10 2 (0.17%) VPN
10 2 (0.17%) Wireshark
11 1 (0.085%) Software-Defined Networking
Database & Business Intelligence
1 152 (12.91%) NoSQL
2 101 (8.58%) MongoDB
3 97 (8.24%) MySQL
4 89 (7.56%) PostgreSQL
4 89 (7.56%) Relational Database
5 53 (4.50%) Apache Cassandra
5 53 (4.50%) Big Data
6 47 (3.99%) Hadoop
7 44 (3.74%) RDBMS
7 44 (3.74%) SQL Server
8 30 (2.55%) Redis
9 29 (2.46%) Oracle Database
10 23 (1.95%) Amazon DynamoDB
11 22 (1.87%) HBase
12 18 (1.53%) Apache Hive
13 15 (1.27%) Amazon RDS
13 15 (1.27%) Flink
14 10 (0.85%) Oracle Database 11g
15 9 (0.76%) Blockchain
15 9 (0.76%) Cosmos DB
Development Applications
1 268 (22.77%) Jenkins
2 263 (22.34%) Git (software)
3 219 (18.61%) Maven
4 197 (16.74%) JUnit
5 117 (9.94%) Mockito
6 106 (9.01%) JIRA
7 90 (7.65%) Gradle
8 77 (6.54%) Cucumber
9 52 (4.42%) SonarQube
10 48 (4.08%) Subversion
11 47 (3.99%) Selenium
12 32 (2.72%) GitLab
13 28 (2.38%) Bitbucket
14 22 (1.87%) Eclipse
14 22 (1.87%) gulp
15 21 (1.78%) Atlassian Bamboo
15 21 (1.78%) TeamCity
16 20 (1.70%) Hudson
16 20 (1.70%) IntelliJ
16 20 (1.70%) jMock
General
1 226 (19.20%) Finance
2 186 (15.80%) Banking
3 61 (5.18%) Investment Banking
4 40 (3.40%) Front Office
5 28 (2.38%) Retail
6 27 (2.29%) Games
6 27 (2.29%) Public Sector
7 21 (1.78%) Financial Institution
8 14 (1.19%) Retail Banking
9 13 (1.10%) Marketing
10 9 (0.76%) Legal
11 8 (0.68%) Advertising
12 7 (0.59%) Telecoms
13 6 (0.51%) Automotive
13 6 (0.51%) Pharmaceutical
14 5 (0.42%) Back Office
15 4 (0.34%) Online Betting
16 3 (0.25%) Manufacturing
16 3 (0.25%) Publishing
17 2 (0.17%) Law
Job Titles
1 937 (79.61%) Developer
2 772 (65.59%) Java Developer
3 174 (14.78%) Full Stack Developer
4 126 (10.71%) Senior Developer
5 117 (9.94%) Senior Java Developer
6 75 (6.37%) Agile Developer
7 72 (6.12%) Backend Developer
8 69 (5.86%) React Developer
9 68 (5.78%) Agile Java Developer
10 66 (5.61%) Java Developer - Fintech
11 59 (5.01%) Java Engineer
12 57 (4.84%) Architect
13 54 (4.59%) AWS Developer
14 45 (3.82%) Angular Developer
15 32 (2.72%) Software Engineer
16 30 (2.55%) SQL Developer
17 24 (2.04%) Python Developer
17 24 (2.04%) SC Cleared Java Developer
17 24 (2.04%) Systems Developer
18 23 (1.95%) Technical Leader
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 573 (48.68%) Spring Boot
2 282 (23.96%) REST
3 257 (21.84%) AngularJS
4 230 (19.54%) Kafka
5 221 (18.78%) Hibernate
6 196 (16.65%) RESTful
7 188 (15.97%) Web Services
8 167 (14.19%) React
9 164 (13.93%) HTML
10 162 (13.76%) Node.js
11 145 (12.32%) CSS
12 110 (9.35%) HTML5
13 99 (8.41%) JSON
14 88 (7.48%) RabbitMQ
15 85 (7.22%) J2EE
16 80 (6.80%) SOAP
17 78 (6.63%) XML
18 77 (6.54%) Spring MVC
19 73 (6.20%) CSS3
20 63 (5.35%) JPA
Miscellaneous
1 129 (10.96%) Greenfield Project
2 75 (6.37%) User Experience
3 49 (4.16%) Analytical Skills
4 48 (4.08%) Enterprise Software
5 46 (3.91%) Derivative
6 35 (2.97%) Equity Derivative
6 35 (2.97%) Virtual Team
7 32 (2.72%) Data Structures
8 29 (2.46%) Fixed Income
9 28 (2.38%) Algorithms
10 27 (2.29%) Mobile App
11 26 (2.21%) Linux Command Line
12 21 (1.78%) Cloud Native
13 20 (1.70%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
14 17 (1.44%) Self-Motivation
15 14 (1.19%) Equities
16 11 (0.93%) N-Tier
17 10 (0.85%) iPad
18 6 (0.51%) Mobile Banking
18 6 (0.51%) Public Cloud
Operating Systems
1 147 (12.49%) Linux
2 88 (7.48%) Unix
3 36 (3.06%) Windows
4 22 (1.87%) Android
5 18 (1.53%) Ubuntu
6 17 (1.44%) Apple iOS
7 13 (1.10%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 11 (0.93%) CentOS
8 11 (0.93%) Debian
8 11 (0.93%) Mac OS X
9 5 (0.42%) Windows Server
10 2 (0.17%) Mac OS
11 1 (0.085%) Windows Server 2003
11 1 (0.085%) Windows Server 2008
Processes & Methodologies
1 700 (59.47%) Agile Software Development
2 588 (49.96%) Microservices
3 418 (35.51%) TDD
4 303 (25.74%) DevOps
5 234 (19.88%) Scrum
6 218 (18.52%) BDD
7 150 (12.74%) Test Automation
8 146 (12.40%) Software Engineering
9 143 (12.15%) Continuous Integration
10 128 (10.88%) OO
11 124 (10.54%) Open Source
12 120 (10.20%) Pair Programming
13 119 (10.11%) Fintech
14 100 (8.50%) Kanban
15 94 (7.99%) MVC
16 89 (7.56%) E-Commerce
17 79 (6.71%) Continuous Delivery
18 78 (6.63%) Unit Testing
19 56 (4.76%) SDLC
20 55 (4.67%) Problem-Solving
Programming Languages
1 1,101 (93.54%) Java
2 473 (40.19%) Java 8
3 288 (24.47%) JavaScript
4 276 (23.45%) SQL
5 119 (10.11%) Python
6 100 (8.50%) Scala
7 85 (7.22%) ES6
8 83 (7.05%) TypeScript
9 43 (3.65%) Kotlin
10 34 (2.89%) Ruby
11 27 (2.29%) Shell Script
12 23 (1.95%) C#
13 22 (1.87%) Groovy
14 21 (1.78%) Bash Shell
14 21 (1.78%) Perl
15 16 (1.36%) C++
15 16 (1.36%) PL/SQL
16 15 (1.27%) Clojure
17 13 (1.10%) Java 9
18 12 (1.02%) Go
Qualifications
1 98 (8.33%) Security Cleared
2 75 (6.37%) SC Cleared
3 65 (5.52%) Degree
4 14 (1.19%) DV Cleared
5 12 (1.02%) Computer Science Degree
6 5 (0.42%) CTC Cleared
6 5 (0.42%) Master's Degree
7 4 (0.34%) AWS Certification
7 4 (0.34%) BPSS Clearance
8 3 (0.25%) DBS Check
9 2 (0.17%) ISEB
9 2 (0.17%) ISTQB
10 1 (0.085%) Numerate Degree
10 1 (0.085%) OCPJP
10 1 (0.085%) SANS
10 1 (0.085%) Sun Certification
10 1 (0.085%) TOGAF Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 33 (2.80%) QA
2 5 (0.42%) MiFID
3 4 (0.34%) EMIR
3 4 (0.34%) GDPR
4 3 (0.25%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 3 (0.25%) PCI DSS
4 3 (0.25%) PSD2
5 2 (0.17%) PMO
6 1 (0.085%) Data Quality
6 1 (0.085%) Dodd-Frank
6 1 (0.085%) ISO 20022
6 1 (0.085%) ISO 8583
6 1 (0.085%) SEPA
6 1 (0.085%) WCAG
System Software
1 345 (29.31%) Docker
2 12 (1.02%) vSphere
3 11 (0.93%) HDFS
3 11 (0.93%) VMware Infrastructure
4 5 (0.42%) GridGain
5 4 (0.34%) OpenAM
6 3 (0.25%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 1 (0.085%) ISA Server
7 1 (0.085%) NFS
7 1 (0.085%) OpenDJ
7 1 (0.085%) Oracle RAC
7 1 (0.085%) Postfix
7 1 (0.085%) VMware ESXi
Systems Management
1 212 (18.01%) Kubernetes
2 64 (5.44%) Terraform
3 51 (4.33%) Ansible
4 26 (2.21%) Puppet
5 21 (1.78%) Opscode Chef
6 14 (1.19%) Prometheus
7 12 (1.02%) linkerd
8 11 (0.93%) Grafana
8 11 (0.93%) Hadoop YARN
9 10 (0.85%) Docker Swarm
10 9 (0.76%) Consul
11 8 (0.68%) Kibana
12 7 (0.59%) Cobbler
12 7 (0.59%) Salt
13 5 (0.42%) logstash
14 4 (0.34%) Istio
15 3 (0.25%) Mesos
16 2 (0.17%) CloudHub
16 2 (0.17%) ITRS Geneos
16 2 (0.17%) SELinux
Vendors
1 113 (9.60%) Oracle
2 49 (4.16%) Google
3 36 (3.06%) MuleSoft
4 24 (2.04%) Red Hat
5 21 (1.78%) Microsoft
6 19 (1.61%) Sybase
7 16 (1.36%) Salesforce.com
8 15 (1.27%) Cloudera
9 14 (1.19%) IBM
10 13 (1.10%) hybris
10 13 (1.10%) VMware
11 10 (0.85%) Splunk
12 8 (0.68%) SAP
13 7 (0.59%) ForgeRock
13 7 (0.59%) Hortonworks
14 5 (0.42%) Adobe
14 5 (0.42%) TIBCO
14 5 (0.42%) WSO2
15 4 (0.34%) Charles River
15 4 (0.34%) Perforce