Period
to 13 April 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Spring skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Spring over the 6 months to 13 April 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Pivotal Spring Framework
England > London
6 months to
13 Apr 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 56 56 65
Rank change year-on-year 0 +9 +4
Contract jobs citing Spring 955 947 1,695
As % of all contract jobs advertised in London 4.41% 3.86% 3.98%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 12.18% 10.30% 10.71%
Number of daily rates quoted 708 712 1,284
10th Percentile £425 £423 £413
25th Percentile £500 £475 £475
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £575 £550 £550
Median % change year-on-year +4.55% - +4.76%
75th Percentile £675 £625 £625
90th Percentile £700 £688 £688
England median daily rate £550 £525 £513
% change year-on-year +4.76% +2.44% +5.13%
Number of hourly rates quoted 3 3 0
Median hourly rate £68.00 £62.00 -
Median % change year-on-year +9.68% - -
England median hourly rate £58.00 £60.00 £55.00
% change year-on-year -3.33% +9.09% +22.22%

Spring is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 7,843 9,193 15,823
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 36.22% 37.47% 37.13%
Number of daily rates quoted 5,881 6,828 11,989
10th Percentile £375 £375 £370
25th Percentile £440 £450 £440
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £525 £525
75th Percentile £625 £625 £600
90th Percentile £700 £700 £675
England median daily rate £500 £500 £500
Number of hourly rates quoted 37 53 67
10th Percentile £19.75 £24.74 £22.25
25th Percentile £32.50 £44.43 £27.50
Median hourly rate £47.50 £51.00 £37.00
Median % change year-on-year -6.86% +37.84% -1.33%
75th Percentile £63.75 £65.54 £47.67
90th Percentile £68.00 £78.75 £53.75
England median hourly rate £45.00 £46.00 £44.09
% change year-on-year -2.17% +4.33% +7.54%

Spring
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Spring as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Spring in London

Spring
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Spring in London.

Daily rate trend for Spring in London

Spring
Daily Rate Histogram in London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Spring in London over the 6 months to 13 April 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Spring in London

Spring
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Spring in London.

Hourly rate trend for Spring in London

Spring
Hourly Rate Histogram in London

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Spring in London over the 6 months to 13 April 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Spring in London

Spring
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Spring within the London region over the 6 months to 13 April 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London +23 158 £600 +9.09% 73
East London +3 16 £538 -2.27% 12
West London +18 12 £575 +9.52% 46
South London -18 7 £525 - 5
Spring
England

For the 6 months to 13 April 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Spring also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for Spring.

1 918 (96.13%) Java
2 512 (53.61%) Agile Software Development
3 489 (51.20%) Spring Boot
4 469 (49.11%) Microservices
5 323 (33.82%) Banking
6 313 (32.77%) Java 8
7 312 (32.67%) Finance
8 286 (29.95%) REST
9 285 (29.84%) Kubernetes
10 278 (29.11%) Docker
11 264 (27.64%) TDD
12 223 (23.35%) SQL
13 221 (23.14%) AWS
14 214 (22.41%) Jenkins
15 194 (20.31%) Git (software)
16 190 (19.90%) JavaScript
17 174 (18.22%) Scrum
18 173 (18.12%) DevOps
19 172 (18.01%) Maven
20 169 (17.70%) Continuous Integration
21 168 (17.59%) Hibernate
22 165 (17.28%) Linux
23 159 (16.65%) Kafka
24 154 (16.13%) RESTful
25 150 (15.71%) BDD
26 149 (15.60%) Software Engineering
27 148 (15.50%) AngularJS
28 140 (14.66%) Web Services
29 138 (14.45%) Middleware
30 135 (14.14%) Apache Camel

Spring
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 105 (10.99%) Mule
2 76 (7.96%) Red Hat Fuse
3 46 (4.82%) Cloud Foundry
4 43 (4.50%) Apache
5 41 (4.29%) JBoss
6 36 (3.77%) Confluence
7 33 (3.46%) WebSphere
8 29 (3.04%) Tomcat
9 26 (2.72%) Elasticsearch
10 22 (2.30%) Camunda
11 16 (1.68%) Oracle Coherence
12 13 (1.36%) Jetty
13 11 (1.15%) Apache Spark
14 10 (1.05%) WebLogic
15 9 (0.94%) Anypoint
15 9 (0.94%) Mule ESB
16 7 (0.73%) Apache Solr
17 5 (0.52%) WebSphere Application Server
18 4 (0.42%) BizTalk Server
18 4 (0.42%) CMS
Applications
1 1 (0.10%) Microsoft Excel
Business Applications
1 6 (0.63%) Adobe Campaign
2 1 (0.10%) Distributed Ledger
2 1 (0.10%) ION MarketView
2 1 (0.10%) R3 Corda
2 1 (0.10%) SAP ERP
2 1 (0.10%) SAP Hybris
2 1 (0.10%) SAP S/4HANA
2 1 (0.10%) Temenos T24
2 1 (0.10%) Tesseract
Cloud Services
1 221 (23.14%) AWS
2 120 (12.57%) Azure
3 69 (7.23%) GCP
4 33 (3.46%) GitHub
5 32 (3.35%) PaaS
6 30 (3.14%) OpenShift
7 25 (2.62%) SaaS
8 23 (2.41%) Serverless
9 22 (2.30%) Cloud Computing
10 19 (1.99%) Amazon ECS
10 19 (1.99%) AWS CloudFormation
11 17 (1.78%) IaaS
12 14 (1.47%) Amazon Kinesis
13 12 (1.26%) Amazon ElastiCache
14 11 (1.15%) Apigee
15 9 (0.94%) Slack
15 9 (0.94%) Virtual Private Cloud
16 8 (0.84%) Amazon EC2
17 7 (0.73%) Amazon S3
17 7 (0.73%) Amazon SQS
Communications & Networking
1 24 (2.51%) HTTP
2 12 (1.26%) SSL
3 10 (1.05%) Internet
4 8 (0.84%) DNS
5 6 (0.63%) SMS
5 6 (0.63%) TCP/IP
6 5 (0.52%) DMARC
6 5 (0.52%) HTTPS
6 5 (0.52%) SMTP
7 4 (0.42%) AMQP
7 4 (0.42%) FTP
8 2 (0.21%) Kerberos
8 2 (0.21%) SWIFTNet
9 1 (0.10%) DECT
9 1 (0.10%) DHCP
9 1 (0.10%) DSL
9 1 (0.10%) Network Security
9 1 (0.10%) PuTTY
9 1 (0.10%) SSH
9 1 (0.10%) Wi-Fi
Database & Business Intelligence
1 128 (13.40%) Relational Database
2 98 (10.26%) NoSQL
3 74 (7.75%) MongoDB
4 57 (5.97%) PostgreSQL
5 51 (5.34%) SQL Server
6 45 (4.71%) Hazelcast
7 41 (4.29%) MySQL
8 39 (4.08%) Redis
9 26 (2.72%) Apache Cassandra
10 15 (1.57%) RDBMS
11 13 (1.36%) DB2
11 13 (1.36%) Hadoop
12 12 (1.26%) Big Data
12 12 (1.26%) Oracle Database
13 9 (0.94%) Amazon DynamoDB
14 8 (0.84%) Couchbase
15 7 (0.73%) Cloud Spanner
16 6 (0.63%) Apache Hive
16 6 (0.63%) Azure SQL Database
17 5 (0.52%) CockroachDB
Development Applications
1 214 (22.41%) Jenkins
2 194 (20.31%) Git (software)
3 172 (18.01%) Maven
4 91 (9.53%) JUnit
5 82 (8.59%) Cucumber
6 78 (8.17%) JIRA
7 58 (6.07%) Mockito
8 56 (5.86%) Gradle
9 34 (3.56%) Subversion
10 27 (2.83%) Atlassian Bamboo
11 26 (2.72%) GitLab
12 25 (2.62%) TeamCity
13 22 (2.30%) Selenium
14 18 (1.88%) IntelliJ
15 16 (1.68%) Sonatype Nexus
16 14 (1.47%) Gatling
17 13 (1.36%) Eclipse
17 13 (1.36%) Hudson
17 13 (1.36%) jMock
18 12 (1.26%) SonarQube
General
1 323 (33.82%) Banking
2 312 (32.67%) Finance
3 120 (12.57%) Investment Banking
4 111 (11.62%) Front Office
5 30 (3.14%) Public Sector
6 26 (2.72%) Retail
7 22 (2.30%) Marketing
8 11 (1.15%) Financial Institution
9 9 (0.94%) Games
9 9 (0.94%) Manufacturing
9 9 (0.94%) Retail Banking
10 8 (0.84%) Telecoms
11 6 (0.63%) Advertising
12 4 (0.42%) Back Office
12 4 (0.42%) Electronics
13 2 (0.21%) Corporate Banking
13 2 (0.21%) Law
13 2 (0.21%) Legal
13 2 (0.21%) Military
13 2 (0.21%) Police
Job Titles
1 724 (75.81%) Developer
2 617 (64.61%) Java Developer
3 166 (17.38%) Senior Developer
4 150 (15.71%) Senior Java Developer
5 74 (7.75%) Java Engineer
6 73 (7.64%) Full Stack Developer
7 72 (7.54%) Integration Developer
8 60 (6.28%) AWS Developer
9 57 (5.97%) Architect
10 43 (4.50%) Software Engineer
11 32 (3.35%) Java Software Engineer
12 29 (3.04%) Agile Developer
12 29 (3.04%) Senior Integration Developer
13 26 (2.72%) Agile Java Developer
14 23 (2.41%) Solutions Architect
15 22 (2.30%) Java Architect
15 22 (2.30%) Lead Developer
16 21 (2.20%) Consultant
17 20 (2.09%) React Developer
17 20 (2.09%) SC Cleared Java Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 489 (51.20%) Spring Boot
2 286 (29.95%) REST
3 168 (17.59%) Hibernate
4 159 (16.65%) Kafka
5 154 (16.13%) RESTful
6 148 (15.50%) AngularJS
7 140 (14.66%) Web Services
8 138 (14.45%) Middleware
9 135 (14.14%) Apache Camel
10 122 (12.77%) React
11 121 (12.67%) HTML
12 108 (11.31%) Spring Integration
13 76 (7.96%) HTML5
14 74 (7.75%) JMS
15 71 (7.43%) CSS
16 69 (7.23%) Node.js
16 69 (7.23%) XML
17 67 (7.02%) J2EE
18 64 (6.70%) JSON
19 56 (5.86%) SOAP
Miscellaneous
1 61 (6.39%) Enterprise Software
2 46 (4.82%) Analytical Skills
3 42 (4.40%) Mobile App
4 40 (4.19%) Data Structures
5 39 (4.08%) Clustering
6 37 (3.87%) Fixed Income
7 36 (3.77%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
8 35 (3.66%) Greenfield Project
9 24 (2.51%) Self-Motivation
10 23 (2.41%) Virtual Team
11 22 (2.30%) Algorithms
12 20 (2.09%) Cloud Native
12 20 (2.09%) Public Cloud
12 20 (2.09%) User Experience
13 16 (1.68%) Credit Risk
14 15 (1.57%) Derivative
15 14 (1.47%) Grid Computing
15 14 (1.47%) Management Information System
16 13 (1.36%) Market Risk
17 10 (1.05%) Hedge funds
Operating Systems
1 165 (17.28%) Linux
2 126 (13.19%) Unix
3 20 (2.09%) Windows
4 8 (0.84%) Android
5 4 (0.42%) Apple iOS
6 2 (0.21%) Mac OS
7 1 (0.10%) Mac OS X
7 1 (0.10%) MVS
7 1 (0.10%) OpenWrt
7 1 (0.10%) Solaris
7 1 (0.10%) Ubuntu
7 1 (0.10%) Windows Server
Processes & Methodologies
1 512 (53.61%) Agile Software Development
2 469 (49.11%) Microservices
3 264 (27.64%) TDD
4 174 (18.22%) Scrum
5 173 (18.12%) DevOps
6 169 (17.70%) Continuous Integration
7 150 (15.71%) BDD
8 149 (15.60%) Software Engineering
9 110 (11.52%) OO
10 101 (10.58%) Multithreading
11 95 (9.95%) Test Automation
12 92 (9.63%) Continuous Delivery
13 87 (9.11%) SDLC
14 84 (8.80%) Unit Testing
15 76 (7.96%) Open Source
16 62 (6.49%) High Availability
17 58 (6.07%) Digital Transformation Programme
18 56 (5.86%) MVC
18 56 (5.86%) Web Development
19 55 (5.76%) Performance Tuning
Programming Languages
1 918 (96.13%) Java
2 313 (32.77%) Java 8
3 223 (23.35%) SQL
4 190 (19.90%) JavaScript
5 89 (9.32%) Python
6 78 (8.17%) Kotlin
7 54 (5.65%) Scala
8 36 (3.77%) TypeScript
9 32 (3.35%) PL/SQL
10 29 (3.04%) ES6
11 22 (2.30%) C#
12 20 (2.09%) Shell Script
13 19 (1.99%) T-SQL
14 14 (1.47%) C
15 13 (1.36%) Groovy
16 11 (1.15%) Go
17 9 (0.94%) Java 9
17 9 (0.94%) PowerShell
18 8 (0.84%) Haskell
19 7 (0.73%) C++
Qualifications
1 81 (8.48%) Security Cleared
2 66 (6.91%) SC Cleared
3 41 (4.29%) Degree
4 21 (2.20%) Computer Science Degree
5 13 (1.36%) AWS Certification
6 10 (1.05%) Master's Degree
7 8 (0.84%) DV Cleared
8 3 (0.31%) CTC Cleared
9 1 (0.10%) CCNA
9 1 (0.10%) CCNP
9 1 (0.10%) CFA
9 1 (0.10%) Cisco Certification
9 1 (0.10%) DBS Check
9 1 (0.10%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
9 1 (0.10%) MCSE
9 1 (0.10%) Microsoft Certification
9 1 (0.10%) SANS
9 1 (0.10%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 28 (2.93%) QA
2 7 (0.73%) GDPR
2 7 (0.73%) ISO 20022
3 6 (0.63%) Data Quality
3 6 (0.63%) MiFID
4 3 (0.31%) WCAG
5 2 (0.21%) ISO 15022
5 2 (0.21%) PMO
5 2 (0.21%) SLA
6 1 (0.10%) JTAG
6 1 (0.10%) PCI DSS
System Software
1 278 (29.11%) Docker
2 10 (1.05%) Apache ZooKeeper
3 4 (0.42%) Platform Symphony
4 2 (0.21%) Active Directory
4 2 (0.21%) VMware Infrastructure
5 1 (0.10%) HDFS
5 1 (0.10%) KVM
5 1 (0.10%) Virtual Machines
5 1 (0.10%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 285 (29.84%) Kubernetes
2 41 (4.29%) Terraform
3 38 (3.98%) Prometheus
4 30 (3.14%) Ansible
5 17 (1.78%) Grafana
6 8 (0.84%) Puppet
7 7 (0.73%) CloudHub
7 7 (0.73%) Opscode Chef
8 5 (0.52%) Zipkin
9 2 (0.21%) Docker Swarm
9 2 (0.21%) Kibana
9 2 (0.21%) Rancher
9 2 (0.21%) Salt
9 2 (0.21%) vRealize
10 1 (0.10%) Graphite
10 1 (0.10%) Hadoop YARN
10 1 (0.10%) HP Fortify
10 1 (0.10%) logstash
10 1 (0.10%) Single Sign-On
10 1 (0.10%) vCenter Server
Vendors
1 131 (13.72%) Oracle
2 49 (5.13%) MuleSoft
3 35 (3.66%) IBM
4 34 (3.56%) Splunk
5 32 (3.35%) Google
6 30 (3.14%) AppDynamics
7 23 (2.41%) Microsoft
8 20 (2.09%) Sybase
9 15 (1.57%) Atlassian
10 13 (1.36%) Confluent
11 12 (1.26%) CA
11 12 (1.26%) CA Agile Central
11 12 (1.26%) Red Hat
12 11 (1.15%) Murex
13 10 (1.05%) webMethods
14 9 (0.94%) Salesforce.com
14 9 (0.94%) TIBCO
15 8 (0.84%) Adobe
15 8 (0.84%) SAP
16 7 (0.73%) Talend