Period
to 17 January 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Spring skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Spring over the 6 months to 17 January 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Pivotal Spring Framework
England > London
6 months to
17 Jan 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 58 64 79
Rank change year-on-year +6 +15 +3
Contract jobs citing Spring 1,996 1,836 1,373
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 4.49% 3.95% 3.26%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 11.64% 10.76% 9.21%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,499 1,403 1,024
London median daily rate £550 £525 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% -
10th Percentile £413 £390 £363
90th Percentile £675 £638 £625
England median daily rate £520 £488 £450
% change year-on-year +6.67% +8.33% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 2 1 0
London median hourly rate £35.00 £42.50 -
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -17.65% - -
England median hourly rate £35.61 £45.00 £50.00
% change year-on-year -20.86% -10.00% +21.95%

Spring is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 17,154 17,071 14,904
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 38.62% 36.73% 35.43%
Number of daily rates quoted 12,914 13,187 11,131
London median daily rate £525 £500 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% +5.56%
10th Percentile £375 £350 £325
90th Percentile £675 £650 £625
England median daily rate £494 £475 £425
% change year-on-year +4.00% +11.76% +1.19%
Number of hourly rates quoted 73 98 78
London median hourly rate £36.00 £35.00 £45.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +2.86% -22.22% +18.42%
10th Percentile £24.79 £20.75 £20.80
90th Percentile £53.75 £47.83 £64.00
England median hourly rate £41.50 £40.00 £40.00
% change year-on-year +3.75% - +6.67%

Spring
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Spring as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Spring in London

Spring
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Spring in London.

Contractor daily rate trend for Spring in London

Spring
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Spring in London over the 6 months to 17 January 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Spring in London

Spring
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Spring in London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Spring in London

Spring
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Spring within the London region over the 6 months to 17 January 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London +14 452 £550 +7.32% 171
South London -14 115 £525 -1.64% 8
East London -9 64 £600 +9.09% 18
West London -4 51 £525 -0.94% 94
North London -13 2 £450 -7.69% 4
Spring
England

For the 6 months to 17 January 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Spring also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for Spring.

1 1,955 (97.95%) Java
2 1,191 (59.67%) Agile Software Development
3 959 (48.05%) Spring Boot
4 945 (47.34%) Microservices
5 892 (44.69%) Java 8
6 803 (40.23%) TDD
7 578 (28.96%) JavaScript
8 577 (28.91%) Docker
9 539 (27.00%) REST
10 498 (24.95%) Amazon AWS
11 494 (24.75%) Maven
12 485 (24.30%) Git (software)
13 476 (23.85%) RESTful
14 472 (23.65%) BDD
14 472 (23.65%) Jenkins
15 471 (23.60%) Hibernate
16 438 (21.94%) Finance
17 411 (20.59%) AngularJS
18 408 (20.44%) Web Services
19 396 (19.84%) Banking
20 394 (19.74%) DevOps
21 376 (18.84%) Continuous Integration
22 375 (18.79%) SQL
23 354 (17.74%) Scrum
24 351 (17.59%) HTML
25 312 (15.63%) JUnit
26 307 (15.38%) Kubernetes
27 299 (14.98%) NoSQL
28 296 (14.83%) Greenfield Project
29 284 (14.23%) Kafka

Spring
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 144 (7.21%) Elasticsearch
2 97 (4.86%) Confluence
3 94 (4.71%) Apache
4 80 (4.01%) Mule
5 79 (3.96%) Apache Spark
6 70 (3.51%) Tomcat
7 55 (2.76%) WebSphere
8 52 (2.61%) Cloud Foundry
9 49 (2.45%) WebLogic
10 42 (2.10%) JBoss
11 34 (1.70%) CMS
12 33 (1.65%) Apache Solr
12 33 (1.65%) MQSeries
13 25 (1.25%) Oracle SOA Suite
14 19 (0.95%) Anypoint
15 17 (0.85%) Jetty
15 17 (0.85%) Mule ESB
16 15 (0.75%) nginx
16 15 (0.75%) WebSphere Application Server
17 14 (0.70%) GlassFish
Applications
1 6 (0.30%) Spreadsheet
2 5 (0.25%) Microsoft Excel
2 5 (0.25%) MS Visio
3 2 (0.10%) Microsoft Office
4 1 (0.050%) InVision
4 1 (0.050%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 1 (0.050%) Microsoft Project
Business Applications
1 17 (0.85%) SAP Hybris
2 10 (0.50%) ION MarketView
3 4 (0.20%) Loan IQ
4 3 (0.15%) SAP ERP
5 2 (0.10%) BusinessWorks
5 2 (0.10%) Infor SunSystems
5 2 (0.10%) Kondor
5 2 (0.10%) Oracle Financials
5 2 (0.10%) Oracle Retail
5 2 (0.10%) PeopleSoft Financials
5 2 (0.10%) R3 Corda
5 2 (0.10%) Salesforce.com CRM
6 1 (0.050%) Eloqua
6 1 (0.050%) Global One
6 1 (0.050%) Oracle BPM
6 1 (0.050%) Oracle Subledger Accounting
6 1 (0.050%) Payment Gateway
6 1 (0.050%) SunGard Martini
6 1 (0.050%) Temenos T24
Cloud Services
1 498 (24.95%) Amazon AWS
2 131 (6.56%) Microsoft Azure
3 91 (4.56%) Google Cloud Platform
4 75 (3.76%) GitHub
5 64 (3.21%) Amazon EC2
6 41 (2.05%) PaaS
7 27 (1.35%) Serverless
8 26 (1.30%) OpenShift
9 25 (1.25%) SaaS
10 24 (1.20%) Heroku
11 23 (1.15%) AWS Lambda
12 21 (1.05%) Apigee
13 19 (0.95%) Amazon S3
14 16 (0.80%) Cloud Computing
14 16 (0.80%) IaaS
15 14 (0.70%) npm
16 10 (0.50%) Amazon SQS
17 9 (0.45%) Stackdriver
18 8 (0.40%) Virtual Private Cloud
19 7 (0.35%) Amazon Kinesis
Communications & Networking
1 106 (5.31%) HTTP
2 47 (2.35%) TCP/IP
3 38 (1.90%) SSL
4 36 (1.80%) FTP
5 27 (1.35%) DNS
6 21 (1.05%) Internet
7 19 (0.95%) Kerberos
8 7 (0.35%) AMQP
9 6 (0.30%) HTTPS
9 6 (0.30%) Reverse Proxy
10 3 (0.15%) SMTP
11 2 (0.10%) DHCP
11 2 (0.10%) Firewall
12 1 (0.050%) DOCSIS
12 1 (0.050%) FIX Connectivity
12 1 (0.050%) Intranet
12 1 (0.050%) PuTTY
12 1 (0.050%) SSH
12 1 (0.050%) Unified Communications
12 1 (0.050%) VPN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 299 (14.98%) NoSQL
2 281 (14.08%) Relational Database
3 267 (13.38%) MongoDB
4 169 (8.47%) Apache Cassandra
5 137 (6.86%) MySQL
6 127 (6.36%) PostgreSQL
7 126 (6.31%) SQL Server
8 121 (6.06%) RDBMS
9 85 (4.26%) Big Data
9 85 (4.26%) Redis
10 61 (3.06%) Hadoop
11 43 (2.15%) Oracle Database
12 33 (1.65%) Couchbase
13 32 (1.60%) Amazon DynamoDB
14 24 (1.20%) Hazelcast
14 24 (1.20%) HBase
14 24 (1.20%) Riak
15 19 (0.95%) Amazon RDS
16 14 (0.70%) BigQuery
16 14 (0.70%) Data Warehouse
Development Applications
1 494 (24.75%) Maven
2 485 (24.30%) Git (software)
3 472 (23.65%) Jenkins
4 312 (15.63%) JUnit
5 175 (8.77%) Mockito
6 161 (8.07%) JIRA
7 147 (7.36%) Gradle
8 140 (7.01%) Cucumber
9 111 (5.56%) Subversion
10 78 (3.91%) Selenium
11 70 (3.51%) SonarQube
12 63 (3.16%) Eclipse
13 62 (3.11%) IntelliJ
14 61 (3.06%) Hudson
15 59 (2.96%) jMock
16 46 (2.30%) DbUnit
17 43 (2.15%) TeamCity
18 39 (1.95%) Atlassian Bamboo
19 37 (1.85%) Bitbucket
19 37 (1.85%) GitLab
General
1 438 (21.94%) Finance
2 396 (19.84%) Banking
3 137 (6.86%) Investment Banking
4 125 (6.26%) Front Office
5 74 (3.71%) Retail
6 40 (2.00%) Games
7 26 (1.30%) Back Office
8 23 (1.15%) Advertising
9 21 (1.05%) Financial Institution
10 16 (0.80%) Pharmaceutical
11 15 (0.75%) Law
12 14 (0.70%) Marketing
13 9 (0.45%) Wholesale Banking
14 7 (0.35%) Legal
14 7 (0.35%) Telecoms
15 4 (0.20%) Automotive
15 4 (0.20%) Electronics
15 4 (0.20%) Manufacturing
16 3 (0.15%) Publishing
16 3 (0.15%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 1,648 (82.57%) Developer
2 1,400 (70.14%) Java Developer
3 270 (13.53%) Senior Developer
4 244 (12.22%) Senior Java Developer
5 227 (11.37%) Full Stack Developer
6 137 (6.86%) Java Engineer
7 115 (5.76%) AWS Developer
8 104 (5.21%) Lead Developer
9 95 (4.76%) Angular Developer
10 91 (4.56%) Agile Developer
11 90 (4.51%) Lead Java Developer
12 77 (3.86%) Architect
12 77 (3.86%) Software Engineer
13 71 (3.56%) Agile Java Developer
14 66 (3.31%) React Developer
15 59 (2.96%) Backend Developer
16 58 (2.91%) Java Software Engineer
17 51 (2.56%) Integration Developer
17 51 (2.56%) Scala Developer
18 42 (2.10%) Technical Leader
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 959 (48.05%) Spring Boot
2 539 (27.00%) REST
3 476 (23.85%) RESTful
4 471 (23.60%) Hibernate
5 411 (20.59%) AngularJS
6 408 (20.44%) Web Services
7 351 (17.59%) HTML
8 284 (14.23%) Kafka
9 255 (12.78%) CSS
10 245 (12.27%) React
11 221 (11.07%) J2EE
12 213 (10.67%) Node.js
13 199 (9.97%) JMS
14 196 (9.82%) HTML5
15 170 (8.52%) SOAP
16 169 (8.47%) Spring MVC
17 157 (7.87%) Apache Camel
18 135 (6.76%) JSON
19 118 (5.91%) Java EE
20 117 (5.86%) Middleware
Miscellaneous
1 296 (14.83%) Greenfield Project
2 113 (5.66%) Fintech
3 73 (3.66%) User Experience
4 70 (3.51%) Fixed Income
5 55 (2.76%) Algorithms
6 48 (2.40%) Data Structures
7 46 (2.30%) Derivative
7 46 (2.30%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
8 40 (2.00%) Enterprise Software
9 38 (1.90%) Analytical Skills
10 36 (1.80%) Cloud Native
11 32 (1.60%) iPad
12 30 (1.50%) Mobile App
13 28 (1.40%) Equities
14 18 (0.90%) Virtual Team
15 17 (0.85%) Credit Risk
15 17 (0.85%) Reference Data
16 16 (0.80%) Hedge funds
17 14 (0.70%) Self-Motivation
18 13 (0.65%) PKI
Operating Systems
1 258 (12.93%) Linux
2 183 (9.17%) Unix
3 29 (1.45%) Windows
4 19 (0.95%) Apple iOS
5 10 (0.50%) Android
6 9 (0.45%) VMS
7 6 (0.30%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 6 (0.30%) Ubuntu
8 5 (0.25%) Solaris
8 5 (0.25%) Windows Server
9 1 (0.050%) CentOS
9 1 (0.050%) Debian
9 1 (0.050%) Windows 7
9 1 (0.050%) Windows 8
9 1 (0.050%) Windows Server 2008
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,191 (59.67%) Agile Software Development
2 945 (47.34%) Microservices
3 803 (40.23%) TDD
4 472 (23.65%) BDD
5 394 (19.74%) DevOps
6 376 (18.84%) Continuous Integration
7 354 (17.74%) Scrum
8 279 (13.98%) Test Automation
9 256 (12.83%) Open Source
10 243 (12.17%) MVC
11 214 (10.72%) Software Engineering
12 194 (9.72%) Kanban
13 180 (9.02%) E-Commerce
13 180 (9.02%) OO
14 166 (8.32%) Pair Programming
15 154 (7.72%) Multithreading
16 145 (7.26%) Continuous Delivery
17 123 (6.16%) SOA
18 96 (4.81%) Unit Testing
19 90 (4.51%) Mentoring
Programming Languages
1 1,955 (97.95%) Java
2 892 (44.69%) Java 8
3 578 (28.96%) JavaScript
4 375 (18.79%) SQL
5 152 (7.62%) Scala
6 83 (4.16%) Python
7 75 (3.76%) ES6
8 64 (3.21%) PL/SQL
9 62 (3.11%) Kotlin
10 53 (2.66%) TypeScript
11 46 (2.30%) Shell Script
12 45 (2.25%) Java 9
13 39 (1.95%) C#
13 39 (1.95%) Groovy
14 34 (1.70%) Ruby
15 27 (1.35%) Bash Shell
16 19 (0.95%) Perl
17 18 (0.90%) Clojure
18 13 (0.65%) PHP
19 12 (0.60%) ES7
Qualifications
1 98 (4.91%) Degree
2 92 (4.61%) Security Cleared
3 63 (3.16%) SC Cleared
4 55 (2.76%) Computer Science Degree
5 28 (1.40%) BPSS Clearance
6 17 (0.85%) Master's Degree
7 14 (0.70%) Sun Certification
8 10 (0.50%) ISTQB
9 8 (0.40%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
10 5 (0.25%) CTC Cleared
10 5 (0.25%) OCPJP
11 3 (0.15%) CFA
11 3 (0.15%) DV Cleared
11 3 (0.15%) PMI Certification
12 2 (0.10%) ISEB
12 2 (0.10%) PMP
12 2 (0.10%) TOGAF Certification
13 1 (0.050%) AWS Certification
13 1 (0.050%) BC Cleared
13 1 (0.050%) SAFe Agilist
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 79 (3.96%) QA
2 10 (0.50%) Disclosure Scotland
3 6 (0.30%) PSD2
4 5 (0.25%) MiFID
5 4 (0.20%) GDPR
6 3 (0.15%) Dodd-Frank
6 3 (0.15%) EMIR
6 3 (0.15%) ISO 20022
6 3 (0.15%) PMO
7 2 (0.10%) Data Quality
8 1 (0.050%) SLA
System Software
1 577 (28.91%) Docker
2 43 (2.15%) VMware Infrastructure
3 41 (2.05%) vSphere
4 12 (0.60%) HDFS
5 10 (0.50%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 9 (0.45%) OpenAM
7 6 (0.30%) Active Directory
7 6 (0.30%) OpenDJ
8 2 (0.10%) Hyper-V
9 1 (0.050%) Apache Flume
9 1 (0.050%) LXC
9 1 (0.050%) Oracle RAC
9 1 (0.050%) Platform Symphony
9 1 (0.050%) Shibboleth
9 1 (0.050%) VirtualBox
Systems Management
1 307 (15.38%) Kubernetes
2 92 (4.61%) Ansible
3 85 (4.26%) Terraform
4 40 (2.00%) Kibana
5 39 (1.95%) Puppet
6 34 (1.70%) Opscode Chef
7 30 (1.50%) logstash
8 28 (1.40%) Mesos
9 26 (1.30%) Docker Swarm
9 26 (1.30%) Marathon
10 22 (1.10%) Prometheus
11 21 (1.05%) Single Sign-On
12 18 (0.90%) Rancher
13 15 (0.75%) Grafana
14 12 (0.60%) CloudHub
15 10 (0.50%) Consul
15 10 (0.50%) linkerd
16 9 (0.45%) Salt
17 8 (0.40%) Packer
18 7 (0.35%) Istio
Vendors
1 253 (12.68%) Oracle
2 133 (6.66%) Google
3 59 (2.96%) MuleSoft
4 49 (2.45%) Sybase
5 45 (2.25%) Splunk
5 45 (2.25%) VMware
6 36 (1.80%) hybris
7 33 (1.65%) IBM
8 27 (1.35%) SAP
9 25 (1.25%) AppDynamics
10 20 (1.00%) Atlassian
11 19 (0.95%) Bloomberg
12 18 (0.90%) Microsoft
13 17 (0.85%) TIBCO
14 16 (0.80%) Reuters
15 14 (0.70%) Dynatrace
16 13 (0.65%) Terracotta
17 12 (0.60%) Salesforce.com
18 11 (0.55%) Solace
19 10 (0.50%) ForgeRock