Period
to 27 January 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Spring skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Spring over the 6 months to 27 January 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Pivotal Spring Framework
England > London
6 months to
27 Jan 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 55 70 59
Rank change year-on-year +15 -11 +9
Contract jobs citing Spring 777 1,008 1,955
As % of all contract jobs advertised in London 4.29% 3.39% 4.47%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 11.81% 9.42% 11.57%
Number of daily rates quoted 677 767 1,516
Median daily rate £550 £550 £550
10th Percentile £400 £418 £413
90th Percentile £700 £688 £675
England median daily rate £525 £520 £514
% change year-on-year +0.96% +1.22% +6.48%
Number of hourly rates quoted 4 1 0
Median hourly rate £55.00 £50.00 -
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +10.00% - -
England median hourly rate £56.50 £50.00 £43.75
% change year-on-year +13.00% +14.29% -2.78%

Spring is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 6,581 10,698 16,904
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 36.35% 35.96% 38.61%
Number of daily rates quoted 4,871 7,967 12,796
Median daily rate £525 £525 £525
10th Percentile £360 £375 £373
90th Percentile £700 £700 £675
England median daily rate £494 £500 £500
% change year-on-year -1.25% - +5.26%
Number of hourly rates quoted 28 54 64
Median hourly rate £45.00 £47.83 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -5.92% +19.58% +40.35%
10th Percentile £23.88 £24.65 £25.13
90th Percentile £64.58 £78.75 £53.38
Median hourly rate £45.00 £46.00 £41.92
% change year-on-year -2.17% +9.73% +4.81%

Spring
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Spring as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Spring in London

Spring
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Spring in London.

Daily rate trend for Spring in London

Spring
Daily Rate Histogram in London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Spring in London over the 6 months to 27 January 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Spring in London

Spring
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Spring in London.

Hourly rate trend for Spring in London

Spring
Hourly Rate Histogram in London

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Spring in London over the 6 months to 27 January 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Spring in London

Spring
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Spring within the London region over the 6 months to 27 January 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London +29 133 £585 +6.27% 68
South London +1 16 £520 -0.95% 2
East London +2 12 £538 -2.27% 10
West London +31 11 £575 +4.55% 38
Spring
England

For the 6 months to 27 January 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Spring also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for Spring.

1 744 (95.75%) Java
2 408 (52.51%) Microservices
3 394 (50.71%) Agile Software Development
4 390 (50.19%) Spring Boot
5 270 (34.75%) Java 8
6 239 (30.76%) Banking
7 237 (30.50%) Docker
8 229 (29.47%) Kubernetes
9 227 (29.21%) Finance
10 224 (28.83%) REST
11 212 (27.28%) Jenkins
12 209 (26.90%) AWS
13 206 (26.51%) TDD
14 197 (25.35%) Git (software)
15 166 (21.36%) SQL
16 158 (20.33%) Maven
17 156 (20.08%) Apache Camel
18 152 (19.56%) Continuous Integration
19 147 (18.92%) JavaScript
19 147 (18.92%) Linux
20 145 (18.66%) Middleware
21 143 (18.40%) Scrum
22 141 (18.15%) Web Services
23 134 (17.25%) Relational Database
24 132 (16.99%) DevOps
25 130 (16.73%) Kafka
26 124 (15.96%) RESTful
26 124 (15.96%) BDD
27 119 (15.32%) Hibernate
28 117 (15.06%) AngularJS

Spring
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 111 (14.29%) Mule
2 90 (11.58%) Red Hat Fuse
3 53 (6.82%) JBoss
4 43 (5.53%) Cloud Foundry
5 40 (5.15%) Apache
5 40 (5.15%) WebSphere
6 39 (5.02%) Confluence
7 29 (3.73%) Elasticsearch
8 20 (2.57%) Tomcat
9 18 (2.32%) Camunda
9 18 (2.32%) WebLogic
10 14 (1.80%) Apache Spark
11 10 (1.29%) Apache ServiceMix
11 10 (1.29%) BizTalk Server
11 10 (1.29%) WebSphere Application Server
12 8 (1.03%) Apache Solr
13 5 (0.64%) Anypoint
14 4 (0.51%) Jetty
14 4 (0.51%) Mule ESB
14 4 (0.51%) Oracle Coherence
Business Applications
1 6 (0.77%) Temenos T24
2 2 (0.26%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
3 1 (0.13%) Dynamics CRM
3 1 (0.13%) Markit EDM
3 1 (0.13%) Oracle BPM
Cloud Services
1 209 (26.90%) AWS
2 96 (12.36%) Azure
3 59 (7.59%) GCP
4 31 (3.99%) GitHub
5 27 (3.47%) OpenShift
6 24 (3.09%) PaaS
7 18 (2.32%) Apigee
7 18 (2.32%) Serverless
8 15 (1.93%) Cloud Computing
8 15 (1.93%) SaaS
9 14 (1.80%) Boomi
10 13 (1.67%) Amazon Kinesis
10 13 (1.67%) AWS CloudFormation
11 12 (1.54%) Amazon ECS
12 11 (1.42%) Amazon EC2
12 11 (1.42%) Amazon ElastiCache
12 11 (1.42%) Virtual Private Cloud
13 10 (1.29%) IaaS
13 10 (1.29%) Kong
14 9 (1.16%) Amazon SQS
Communications & Networking
1 38 (4.89%) HTTP
2 12 (1.54%) Internet
3 7 (0.90%) SSL
4 5 (0.64%) AMQP
4 5 (0.64%) FTP
5 4 (0.51%) DNS
6 3 (0.39%) HTTPS
6 3 (0.39%) TCP/IP
7 1 (0.13%) DAB
7 1 (0.13%) DECT
7 1 (0.13%) DHCP
7 1 (0.13%) FIX Connectivity
7 1 (0.13%) Kerberos
7 1 (0.13%) Network Security
7 1 (0.13%) PuTTY
7 1 (0.13%) SSH
7 1 (0.13%) Wi-Fi
Database & Business Intelligence
1 134 (17.25%) Relational Database
2 89 (11.45%) NoSQL
3 68 (8.75%) MySQL
4 60 (7.72%) MongoDB
5 51 (6.56%) PostgreSQL
6 49 (6.31%) SQL Server
7 23 (2.96%) Apache Cassandra
7 23 (2.96%) Hazelcast
7 23 (2.96%) Redis
8 21 (2.70%) Oracle Database
9 20 (2.57%) RDBMS
10 12 (1.54%) Big Data
11 11 (1.42%) Amazon Aurora
11 11 (1.42%) Hadoop
12 10 (1.29%) Couchbase
12 10 (1.29%) Data Warehouse
13 8 (1.03%) DB2
14 7 (0.90%) Flink
14 7 (0.90%) Oracle Database 11g
15 4 (0.51%) BigQuery
Development Applications
1 212 (27.28%) Jenkins
2 197 (25.35%) Git (software)
3 158 (20.33%) Maven
4 100 (12.87%) JUnit
5 79 (10.17%) JIRA
6 56 (7.21%) Gradle
7 49 (6.31%) Cucumber
8 47 (6.05%) Mockito
9 42 (5.41%) Subversion
10 31 (3.99%) SonarQube
11 30 (3.86%) Atlassian Bamboo
12 25 (3.22%) GitLab
13 22 (2.83%) Sonatype Nexus
14 20 (2.57%) Hudson
14 20 (2.57%) jMock
15 17 (2.19%) gulp
15 17 (2.19%) Selenium
16 15 (1.93%) FishEye
17 14 (1.80%) Ant
17 14 (1.80%) Artifactory
General
1 239 (30.76%) Banking
2 227 (29.21%) Finance
3 114 (14.67%) Front Office
4 91 (11.71%) Investment Banking
5 34 (4.38%) Public Sector
6 21 (2.70%) Retail
7 20 (2.57%) Games
8 13 (1.67%) Marketing
9 11 (1.42%) Retail Banking
10 9 (1.16%) Advertising
10 9 (1.16%) Telecoms
11 7 (0.90%) Manufacturing
12 6 (0.77%) Financial Institution
13 4 (0.51%) Corporate Banking
13 4 (0.51%) Electronics
13 4 (0.51%) Legal
14 2 (0.26%) Back Office
15 1 (0.13%) Dutch Language
15 1 (0.13%) French Language
Job Titles
1 603 (77.61%) Developer
2 493 (63.45%) Java Developer
3 127 (16.34%) Senior Developer
4 109 (14.03%) Senior Java Developer
5 74 (9.52%) Java Engineer
6 70 (9.01%) Integration Developer
7 59 (7.59%) Full Stack Developer
8 49 (6.31%) AWS Developer
9 48 (6.18%) Architect
10 34 (4.38%) Software Engineer
11 28 (3.60%) SC Cleared Java Developer
12 26 (3.35%) Java Software Engineer
12 26 (3.35%) Senior Integration Developer
13 24 (3.09%) Solutions Architect
14 22 (2.83%) Lead Developer
15 18 (2.32%) Lead Java Developer
15 18 (2.32%) React Developer
16 17 (2.19%) Java Architect
16 17 (2.19%) Java Software Developer
16 17 (2.19%) Software Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 390 (50.19%) Spring Boot
2 224 (28.83%) REST
3 156 (20.08%) Apache Camel
4 145 (18.66%) Middleware
5 141 (18.15%) Web Services
6 130 (16.73%) Kafka
7 124 (15.96%) RESTful
8 119 (15.32%) Hibernate
9 117 (15.06%) AngularJS
10 113 (14.54%) Spring Integration
11 101 (13.00%) HTML
12 77 (9.91%) React
13 73 (9.40%) JMS
13 73 (9.40%) XML
14 63 (8.11%) HTML5
15 61 (7.85%) JSON
16 58 (7.46%) CSS
17 55 (7.08%) J2EE
17 55 (7.08%) Node.js
17 55 (7.08%) SOAP
Miscellaneous
1 55 (7.08%) Mobile App
2 50 (6.44%) Enterprise Software
3 41 (5.28%) Fixed Income
4 33 (4.25%) Analytical Skills
5 31 (3.99%) Clustering
6 28 (3.60%) Data Structures
6 28 (3.60%) Greenfield Project
7 23 (2.96%) Public Cloud
8 16 (2.06%) Algorithms
8 16 (2.06%) User Experience
9 15 (1.93%) Virtual Team
10 14 (1.80%) Credit Risk
11 12 (1.54%) Self-Motivation
12 11 (1.42%) Cloud Native
13 9 (1.16%) Derivative
13 9 (1.16%) Market Risk
13 9 (1.16%) Mobile Payment
14 8 (1.03%) Equities
14 8 (1.03%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
14 8 (1.03%) Grid Computing
Operating Systems
1 147 (18.92%) Linux
2 105 (13.51%) Unix
3 15 (1.93%) Windows
4 8 (1.03%) Android
5 6 (0.77%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 4 (0.51%) Apple iOS
7 2 (0.26%) Mac OS X
8 1 (0.13%) OpenWrt
8 1 (0.13%) Solaris
Processes & Methodologies
1 408 (52.51%) Microservices
2 394 (50.71%) Agile Software Development
3 206 (26.51%) TDD
4 152 (19.56%) Continuous Integration
5 143 (18.40%) Scrum
6 132 (16.99%) DevOps
7 124 (15.96%) BDD
8 112 (14.41%) Software Engineering
9 104 (13.38%) Continuous Delivery
10 92 (11.84%) OO
11 80 (10.30%) SDLC
12 72 (9.27%) Multithreading
12 72 (9.27%) Open Source
13 64 (8.24%) Unit Testing
14 61 (7.85%) Test Automation
15 46 (5.92%) Web Development
16 45 (5.79%) Functional Programming
16 45 (5.79%) Problem-Solving
17 44 (5.66%) API Development
18 43 (5.53%) High Availability
Programming Languages
1 744 (95.75%) Java
2 270 (34.75%) Java 8
3 166 (21.36%) SQL
4 147 (18.92%) JavaScript
5 91 (11.71%) Python
6 76 (9.78%) Kotlin
7 35 (4.50%) Scala
8 29 (3.73%) PL/SQL
9 22 (2.83%) TypeScript
10 19 (2.45%) C#
10 19 (2.45%) Shell Script
11 17 (2.19%) ES6
12 10 (1.29%) Groovy
13 7 (0.90%) Bash Shell
13 7 (0.90%) Go
14 6 (0.77%) Java 9
15 5 (0.64%) C++
15 5 (0.64%) Perl
15 5 (0.64%) XPath
16 4 (0.51%) C
Qualifications
1 85 (10.94%) Security Cleared
2 71 (9.14%) SC Cleared
3 36 (4.63%) Degree
4 21 (2.70%) Computer Science Degree
5 11 (1.42%) Master's Degree
6 9 (1.16%) AWS Certification
6 9 (1.16%) DV Cleared
7 3 (0.39%) CTC Cleared
8 2 (0.26%) BPSS Clearance
9 1 (0.13%) CCNA
9 1 (0.13%) CCNP
9 1 (0.13%) Cisco Certification
9 1 (0.13%) DBS Check
9 1 (0.13%) HNC
9 1 (0.13%) HND
9 1 (0.13%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
9 1 (0.13%) MCSE
9 1 (0.13%) Microsoft Certification
9 1 (0.13%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 22 (2.83%) QA
2 6 (0.77%) MiFID
3 2 (0.26%) ISO/IEC 20000
3 2 (0.26%) PMO
4 1 (0.13%) GDPR
4 1 (0.13%) JTAG
4 1 (0.13%) PCI DSS
System Software
1 237 (30.50%) Docker
2 5 (0.64%) Apache ZooKeeper
3 2 (0.26%) Oracle RAC
4 1 (0.13%) Active Directory
4 1 (0.13%) HDFS
4 1 (0.13%) KVM
4 1 (0.13%) Postfix
4 1 (0.13%) Virtual Machines
4 1 (0.13%) VMware Infrastructure
4 1 (0.13%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 229 (29.47%) Kubernetes
2 49 (6.31%) Terraform
3 45 (5.79%) Prometheus
4 18 (2.32%) Ansible
5 12 (1.54%) Grafana
6 6 (0.77%) Puppet
6 6 (0.77%) Zipkin
7 5 (0.64%) Opscode Chef
7 5 (0.64%) Rundeck
8 3 (0.39%) CloudHub
8 3 (0.39%) Docker Swarm
9 2 (0.26%) Data Guard
9 2 (0.26%) Kibana
9 2 (0.26%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
9 2 (0.26%) Oracle RMAN
9 2 (0.26%) Rancher
9 2 (0.26%) Single Sign-On
9 2 (0.26%) vRealize
9 2 (0.26%) vRealize Orchestrator
10 1 (0.13%) Salt
Vendors
1 90 (11.58%) Oracle
2 56 (7.21%) MuleSoft
3 48 (6.18%) Splunk
4 37 (4.76%) AppDynamics
5 31 (3.99%) Sybase
6 26 (3.35%) Atlassian
7 25 (3.22%) Microsoft
8 19 (2.45%) Red Hat
9 17 (2.19%) webMethods
10 16 (2.06%) Confluent
11 15 (1.93%) Murex
11 15 (1.93%) Talend
12 14 (1.80%) Google
12 14 (1.80%) IBM
12 14 (1.80%) TIBCO
13 10 (1.29%) Axway
13 10 (1.29%) Bloomberg
13 10 (1.29%) Dell
13 10 (1.29%) Fiorano
13 10 (1.29%) Jitterbit