Period
to 24 October 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Spring skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Spring over the 6 months to 24 October 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Pivotal Spring Framework
England > London
6 months to
24 Oct 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 58 60 77
Rank change year-on-year +2 +17 -19
Contract jobs citing Spring 1,482 597 1,163
As % of all contract jobs advertised in London 4.16% 4.22% 3.18%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 12.15% 11.26% 8.72%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,067 431 876
10th Percentile £439 £406 £425
25th Percentile £505 £465 £488
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £600 £538 £550
Median % change year-on-year +11.63% -2.27% -
75th Percentile £688 £650 £625
90th Percentile £750 £700 £699
England median daily rate £550 £511 £513
% change year-on-year +7.58% -0.24% +2.50%
Number of hourly rates quoted 8 2 2
Median hourly rate £69.20 £48.50 £50.00
Median % change year-on-year +42.68% -3.00% -
England median hourly rate £66.52 £48.50 £50.00
% change year-on-year +37.15% -3.00% +11.11%

Spring is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 12,202 5,302 13,335
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 34.23% 37.49% 36.52%
Number of daily rates quoted 9,187 3,933 10,067
10th Percentile £410 £360 £375
25th Percentile £475 £425 £450
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £568 £525 £525
Median % change year-on-year +8.10% - -
75th Percentile £675 £625 £613
90th Percentile £738 £713 £688
England median daily rate £525 £500 £500
% change year-on-year +5.00% - +5.26%
Number of hourly rates quoted 51 18 68
10th Percentile £20.89 £22.50 £20.13
25th Percentile £35.00 £25.00 £36.70
Median hourly rate £49.66 £36.25 £50.00
Median % change year-on-year +36.98% -27.50% +14.61%
75th Percentile £69.31 £43.31 £53.00
90th Percentile £80.00 £51.47 £64.12
England median hourly rate £49.00 £42.00 £45.00
% change year-on-year +16.67% -6.67% +7.75%

Spring
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Spring as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Spring in London

Spring
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Spring in London.

Daily rate trend for Spring in London

Spring
Daily Rate Histogram in London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Spring in London over the 6 months to 24 October 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Spring in London

Spring
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Spring in London.

Hourly rate trend for Spring in London

Spring
Hourly Rate Histogram in London

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Spring in London over the 6 months to 24 October 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Spring in London

Spring
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Spring within the London region over the 6 months to 24 October 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London +13 221 £613 +4.79% 93
West London +2 29 £550 +0.92% 45
South London -13 18 £513 -1.44% 6
East London -1 11 £535 +14.44% 22
Spring
England

For the 6 months to 24 October 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Spring also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for Spring.

1 1,412 (95.28%) Java
2 808 (54.52%) Agile Software Development
3 785 (52.97%) Spring Boot
4 709 (47.84%) Microservices
5 468 (31.58%) TDD
6 448 (30.23%) Finance
7 406 (27.40%) SQL
8 404 (27.26%) Docker
9 398 (26.86%) Java 8
10 389 (26.25%) Kubernetes
11 380 (25.64%) Banking
12 363 (24.49%) Jenkins
13 353 (23.82%) REST
14 347 (23.41%) DevOps
15 341 (23.01%) Git (software)
16 333 (22.47%) AWS
17 300 (20.24%) Maven
18 289 (19.50%) Scrum
19 275 (18.56%) RESTful
20 263 (17.75%) Oracle
21 247 (16.67%) Kafka
22 246 (16.60%) JavaScript
23 241 (16.26%) Hibernate
24 240 (16.19%) BDD
25 225 (15.18%) Test Automation
25 225 (15.18%) Software Engineering
25 225 (15.18%) Social Skills
26 220 (14.84%) Linux
27 201 (13.56%) Full Stack Development
28 197 (13.29%) Web Services

Spring
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 80 (5.40%) Confluence
2 66 (4.45%) Mule
3 65 (4.39%) Apache Spark
4 63 (4.25%) Tomcat
5 45 (3.04%) Elasticsearch
6 41 (2.77%) JBoss
7 38 (2.56%) Apache
8 26 (1.75%) Cloud Foundry
8 26 (1.75%) Red Hat Fuse
9 18 (1.21%) WebLogic
9 18 (1.21%) WebSphere
10 16 (1.08%) OpenStack
11 14 (0.94%) Oracle SOA Suite
12 13 (0.88%) Jetty
13 11 (0.74%) CMS
14 9 (0.61%) Apache Airflow
15 8 (0.54%) Camunda
15 8 (0.54%) nginx
16 7 (0.47%) FileNet
16 7 (0.47%) Oracle Application Server
Applications
1 2 (0.13%) Chatbot
2 1 (0.067%) Microsoft Office
2 1 (0.067%) MS Visio
2 1 (0.067%) Photoshop
Business Applications
1 12 (0.81%) SAP Hybris
2 4 (0.27%) Magento
2 4 (0.27%) SAP Oil and Gas
3 2 (0.13%) Adobe Campaign
3 2 (0.13%) Dynamics CRM
3 2 (0.13%) ION MarketView
3 2 (0.13%) Oracle BPM
4 1 (0.067%) BusinessWorks
4 1 (0.067%) Distributed Ledger
4 1 (0.067%) Dynamics AX
4 1 (0.067%) Payment Gateway
4 1 (0.067%) Salesforce.com CRM
4 1 (0.067%) TIBCO iProcess
Cloud Services
1 333 (22.47%) AWS
2 173 (11.67%) GCP
3 170 (11.47%) Azure
4 92 (6.21%) GitHub
5 57 (3.85%) Serverless
6 49 (3.31%) OpenShift
7 29 (1.96%) AWS Lambda
8 23 (1.55%) Apigee
9 22 (1.48%) Amazon EC2
9 22 (1.48%) Amazon S3
10 20 (1.35%) Amazon SQS
11 17 (1.15%) Kong
12 16 (1.08%) Amazon CloudWatch
13 15 (1.01%) Amazon ECS
13 15 (1.01%) Cloud Computing
14 14 (0.94%) AWS CloudFormation
14 14 (0.94%) IaaS
15 13 (0.88%) SaaS
16 11 (0.74%) Amazon Kinesis
16 11 (0.74%) PaaS
Communications & Networking
1 38 (2.56%) HTTP
2 27 (1.82%) SSL
3 24 (1.62%) TCP/IP
4 6 (0.40%) Internet
5 4 (0.27%) Firewall
6 3 (0.20%) Intranet
6 3 (0.20%) VPN
7 2 (0.13%) AMQP
7 2 (0.13%) Broadband
7 2 (0.13%) DNS
7 2 (0.13%) FTP
7 2 (0.13%) HTTPS
8 1 (0.067%) 3GPP
8 1 (0.067%) DSL
8 1 (0.067%) NAS
8 1 (0.067%) SAN
8 1 (0.067%) SSH
Database & Business Intelligence
1 175 (11.81%) NoSQL
2 165 (11.13%) Relational Database
3 126 (8.50%) MongoDB
4 120 (8.10%) SQL Server
5 118 (7.96%) PostgreSQL
6 92 (6.21%) Redis
7 82 (5.53%) MySQL
8 75 (5.06%) Hazelcast
9 54 (3.64%) Oracle Database
10 44 (2.97%) Apache Cassandra
10 44 (2.97%) Big Data
11 39 (2.63%) Hadoop
12 38 (2.56%) RDBMS
13 23 (1.55%) Data Warehouse
14 21 (1.42%) Amazon DynamoDB
14 21 (1.42%) Amazon RDS
15 19 (1.28%) BigQuery
16 16 (1.08%) Tableau
17 15 (1.01%) Apache Hive
18 14 (0.94%) Parquet
Development Applications
1 363 (24.49%) Jenkins
2 341 (23.01%) Git (software)
3 300 (20.24%) Maven
4 180 (12.15%) JUnit
5 163 (11.00%) JIRA
6 133 (8.97%) Cucumber
7 119 (8.03%) Mockito
8 70 (4.72%) Gradle
9 69 (4.66%) TeamCity
10 63 (4.25%) Subversion
11 55 (3.71%) IntelliJ
12 50 (3.37%) GitLab
13 49 (3.31%) Selenium
14 45 (3.04%) Bitbucket
15 37 (2.50%) Atlassian Bamboo
16 31 (2.09%) Hudson
17 25 (1.69%) Sonatype Nexus
18 24 (1.62%) Artifactory
19 22 (1.48%) Eclipse
19 22 (1.48%) jMock
General
1 448 (30.23%) Finance
2 380 (25.64%) Banking
3 225 (15.18%) Social Skills
4 197 (13.29%) Investment Banking
5 114 (7.69%) Front Office
6 63 (4.25%) Analytical Skills
7 49 (3.31%) Retail
8 29 (1.96%) Retail Banking
9 27 (1.82%) Financial Institution
10 26 (1.75%) Manufacturing
11 19 (1.28%) Games
12 18 (1.21%) Public Sector
13 16 (1.08%) Presentation Skills
14 12 (0.81%) Automotive
14 12 (0.81%) Back Office
15 11 (0.74%) Marketing
16 10 (0.67%) Inclusion and Diversity
16 10 (0.67%) Legal
17 9 (0.61%) Telecoms
18 8 (0.54%) Documentation Skills
Job Titles
1 1,097 (74.02%) Developer
2 879 (59.31%) Java Developer
3 200 (13.50%) Senior Developer
4 184 (12.42%) Senior Java Developer
5 112 (7.56%) Full Stack Developer
6 109 (7.35%) Java Engineer
7 58 (3.91%) Architect
7 58 (3.91%) Integration Developer
8 56 (3.78%) Software Engineer
9 53 (3.58%) Agile Developer
9 53 (3.58%) Agile Java Developer
10 42 (2.83%) AWS Developer
11 38 (2.56%) Consultant
11 38 (2.56%) DevOps Engineer
12 36 (2.43%) Angular Developer
13 32 (2.16%) Data Engineer
13 32 (2.16%) Java Consultant
13 32 (2.16%) Senior Consultant
13 32 (2.16%) Senior Java Consultant
14 31 (2.09%) Java Software Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 785 (52.97%) Spring Boot
2 353 (23.82%) REST
3 275 (18.56%) RESTful
4 247 (16.67%) Kafka
5 241 (16.26%) Hibernate
6 197 (13.29%) Web Services
7 180 (12.15%) AngularJS
8 169 (11.40%) React
9 144 (9.72%) HTML
10 112 (7.56%) CSS
11 109 (7.35%) Middleware
12 108 (7.29%) Node.js
13 107 (7.22%) J2EE
14 95 (6.41%) JPA
15 93 (6.28%) Apache Camel
16 88 (5.94%) JSON
17 85 (5.74%) JMS
18 84 (5.67%) XML
19 66 (4.45%) HTML5
20 62 (4.18%) Spring Integration
Miscellaneous
1 70 (4.72%) Greenfield Project
2 69 (4.66%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
3 58 (3.91%) Data Structures
4 55 (3.71%) Fixed Income
5 54 (3.64%) Algorithms
6 49 (3.31%) Derivative
7 43 (2.90%) Enterprise Software
8 35 (2.36%) User Experience
8 35 (2.36%) Virtual Team
9 28 (1.89%) Cloud Native
10 23 (1.55%) Data Protection Act
11 18 (1.21%) Credit Risk
12 17 (1.15%) Management Information System
12 17 (1.15%) Reference Data
13 16 (1.08%) Public Cloud
13 16 (1.08%) Self-Motivation
14 15 (1.01%) Equities
15 14 (0.94%) Legacy Systems
15 14 (0.94%) Mobile App
16 10 (0.67%) Legacy Code
Operating Systems
1 220 (14.84%) Linux
2 166 (11.20%) Unix
3 37 (2.50%) Windows
4 13 (0.88%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 9 (0.61%) Debian
5 9 (0.61%) VMS
6 8 (0.54%) Android
7 5 (0.34%) Apple iOS
8 4 (0.27%) Windows Server
9 3 (0.20%) CentOS
9 3 (0.20%) Ubuntu
10 2 (0.13%) Solaris
11 1 (0.067%) Mac OS
11 1 (0.067%) Mesosphere
Processes & Methodologies
1 808 (54.52%) Agile Software Development
2 709 (47.84%) Microservices
3 468 (31.58%) TDD
4 347 (23.41%) DevOps
5 289 (19.50%) Scrum
6 240 (16.19%) BDD
7 225 (15.18%) Software Engineering
7 225 (15.18%) Test Automation
8 201 (13.56%) Full Stack Development
9 152 (10.26%) Multithreading
10 136 (9.18%) Continuous Integration
11 123 (8.30%) Pair Programming
12 114 (7.69%) Unit Testing
13 112 (7.56%) OO
14 93 (6.28%) Kanban
15 90 (6.07%) SDLC
16 82 (5.53%) Open Source
17 80 (5.40%) Problem-Solving
18 78 (5.26%) MVC
19 75 (5.06%) API Development
Programming Languages
1 1,412 (95.28%) Java
2 406 (27.40%) SQL
3 398 (26.86%) Java 8
4 246 (16.60%) JavaScript
5 150 (10.12%) Java 11
6 137 (9.24%) Python
7 127 (8.57%) Scala
8 101 (6.82%) Kotlin
9 85 (5.74%) PL/SQL
10 74 (4.99%) TypeScript
11 42 (2.83%) Shell Script
12 28 (1.89%) Groovy
13 27 (1.82%) C#
13 27 (1.82%) T-SQL
14 25 (1.69%) Haskell
15 24 (1.62%) ES6
16 20 (1.35%) Perl
17 16 (1.08%) Go
18 14 (0.94%) Ruby
19 13 (0.88%) Bash Shell
Qualifications
1 61 (4.12%) Security Cleared
2 52 (3.51%) Degree
3 45 (3.04%) SC Cleared
4 27 (1.82%) Computer Science Degree
5 11 (0.74%) Master's Degree
6 8 (0.54%) Sun Certification
7 7 (0.47%) AWS Certification
8 6 (0.40%) DBS Check
9 5 (0.34%) OCPJP
10 3 (0.20%) ISEB
10 3 (0.20%) ISTQB
11 1 (0.067%) BPSS Clearance
11 1 (0.067%) CFA
11 1 (0.067%) CTC Cleared
11 1 (0.067%) MBA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 59 (3.98%) QA
2 18 (1.21%) Accessibility
3 3 (0.20%) Basel II
3 3 (0.20%) GDPR
3 3 (0.20%) PMO
4 2 (0.13%) Data Quality
4 2 (0.13%) WCAG
5 1 (0.067%) MiFID
5 1 (0.067%) PCI DSS
5 1 (0.067%) PSD2
System Software
1 404 (27.26%) Docker
2 9 (0.61%) HDFS
2 9 (0.61%) OpenAM
3 7 (0.47%) Active Directory
4 4 (0.27%) Apache ZooKeeper
5 2 (0.13%) Apache Flume
5 2 (0.13%) Platform Symphony
5 2 (0.13%) VMware Infrastructure
6 1 (0.067%) NFS
6 1 (0.067%) RACF
6 1 (0.067%) Virtual Servers
6 1 (0.067%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 389 (26.25%) Kubernetes
2 109 (7.35%) Terraform
3 79 (5.33%) Ansible
4 32 (2.16%) Grafana
4 32 (2.16%) Kibana
5 24 (1.62%) Puppet
6 23 (1.55%) Prometheus
7 17 (1.15%) Oozie
7 17 (1.15%) Opscode Chef
8 14 (0.94%) logstash
8 14 (0.94%) Rancher
9 13 (0.88%) Single Sign-On
10 8 (0.54%) Docker Swarm
11 5 (0.34%) Hadoop YARN
11 5 (0.34%) Istio
12 3 (0.20%) CloudHub
13 2 (0.13%) Graphite
13 2 (0.13%) Packer
13 2 (0.13%) Zipkin
14 1 (0.067%) Mesos
Vendors
1 263 (17.75%) Oracle
2 91 (6.14%) Google
3 41 (2.77%) Microsoft
4 33 (2.23%) Sybase
5 29 (1.96%) Atlassian
6 28 (1.89%) Splunk
7 27 (1.82%) MuleSoft
8 26 (1.75%) Solace
9 25 (1.69%) hybris
10 24 (1.62%) SAP
11 18 (1.21%) Red Hat
12 13 (0.88%) Dynatrace
13 12 (0.81%) IBM
14 11 (0.74%) AppDynamics
14 11 (0.74%) Murex
15 10 (0.67%) CA
15 10 (0.67%) CA Agile Central
16 9 (0.61%) Databricks
17 8 (0.54%) New Relic
17 8 (0.54%) TIBCO