Period
to 28 May 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Spring skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Spring over the 6 months to 28 May 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Pivotal Spring Framework
England > London
6 months to
28 May 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 58 64 67
Rank change year-on-year +6 +3 0
Contract jobs citing Spring 748 1,513 1,725
As % of all contract jobs advertised in London 3.86% 3.77% 3.79%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 10.12% 10.19% 10.30%
Number of daily rates quoted 545 1,153 1,352
Median daily rate £550 £550 £525
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +4.76% +5.00%
10th Percentile £419 £413 £412
90th Percentile £688 £688 £645
England median daily rate £518 £505 £490
% change year-on-year +2.48% +3.06% +5.95%
Number of hourly rates quoted 10 2 2
Median hourly rate £35.00 £42.50 £30.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -17.65% +41.67% -
England median hourly rate £35.00 £55.00 £45.00
% change year-on-year -36.36% +22.22% -14.29%

Spring is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 7,393 14,852 16,741
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 38.18% 37.01% 36.74%
Number of daily rates quoted 5,306 11,052 12,781
Median daily rate £530 £525 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +0.95% +5.00% +5.26%
10th Percentile £375 £375 £363
90th Percentile £700 £675 £660
England median daily rate £500 £500 £475
% change year-on-year - +5.26% +5.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 56 72 118
Median hourly rate £35.00 £44.18 £43.71
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -20.78% +1.08% -1.78%
10th Percentile £24.75 £28.05 £20.99
90th Percentile £65.13 £63.75 £68.25
Median hourly rate £35.00 £43.71 £42.27
% change year-on-year -19.92% +3.41% +3.09%

Spring
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Spring as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Spring in London

Spring
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Spring in London.

Daily rate trend for Spring in London

Spring
Daily Rate Histogram in London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Spring in London over the 6 months to 28 May 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Spring in London

Spring
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Spring in London.

Hourly rate trend for Spring in London

Spring
Hourly Rate Histogram in London

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Spring in London over the 6 months to 28 May 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for Spring in London

Spring
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Spring within the London region over the 6 months to 28 May 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London -5 149 £550 - 24
South London +22 60 £525 - 2
East London +31 25 £550 - 4
West London +26 14 £525 - 11
North London +21 5 £375 -25.56%
Spring
England

For the 6 months to 28 May 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Spring also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for Spring.

1 723 (96.66%) Java
2 427 (57.09%) Agile Software Development
3 407 (54.41%) Spring Boot
4 367 (49.06%) Microservices
5 301 (40.24%) Java 8
6 227 (30.35%) TDD
7 217 (29.01%) Docker
8 204 (27.27%) Jenkins
9 201 (26.87%) AWS
10 191 (25.53%) Maven
11 180 (24.06%) Kubernetes
12 176 (23.53%) Finance
13 170 (22.73%) RESTful
14 167 (22.33%) SQL
15 164 (21.93%) DevOps
16 149 (19.92%) Git (software)
17 144 (19.25%) Continuous Integration
17 144 (19.25%) REST
18 143 (19.12%) JUnit
19 142 (18.98%) Banking
20 135 (18.05%) AngularJS
21 133 (17.78%) Web Services
22 130 (17.38%) Test Automation
23 129 (17.25%) JavaScript
24 128 (17.11%) Scrum
25 127 (16.98%) Software Engineering
26 126 (16.84%) Kafka
27 111 (14.84%) Azure
27 111 (14.84%) Security Cleared
28 100 (13.37%) Hibernate

Spring
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 59 (7.89%) Elasticsearch
2 55 (7.35%) Apache Spark
3 32 (4.28%) Tomcat
4 28 (3.74%) Apache
5 27 (3.61%) WebLogic
6 24 (3.21%) Camunda
7 23 (3.07%) WebSphere
8 21 (2.81%) Confluence
9 18 (2.41%) Cloud Foundry
10 8 (1.07%) Apache Solr
10 8 (1.07%) JBoss
11 6 (0.80%) Mule
12 5 (0.67%) CMS
12 5 (0.67%) GlassFish
12 5 (0.67%) Oracle Workflow
12 5 (0.67%) WebSphere Application Server
13 4 (0.53%) Anypoint
13 4 (0.53%) JCAPS
13 4 (0.53%) Red Hat Fuse
14 3 (0.40%) Mule ESB
Applications
1 3 (0.40%) Microsoft Excel
2 2 (0.27%) Microsoft Office
Business Applications
1 9 (1.20%) SAP Oil and Gas
2 3 (0.40%) Oracle BPM
3 2 (0.27%) SAP Hybris
3 2 (0.27%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
4 1 (0.13%) Adobe Campaign
4 1 (0.13%) Oracle Payables
Cloud Services
1 201 (26.87%) AWS
2 111 (14.84%) Azure
3 60 (8.02%) GCP
4 45 (6.02%) GitHub
5 19 (2.54%) OpenShift
6 17 (2.27%) Amazon EC2
7 9 (1.20%) Amazon Kinesis
8 5 (0.67%) Amazon S3
8 5 (0.67%) npm
8 5 (0.67%) SaaS
9 4 (0.53%) Amazon CloudWatch
9 4 (0.53%) Amazon SQS
9 4 (0.53%) Heroku
10 3 (0.40%) AWS CloudFormation
10 3 (0.40%) AWS Fargate
10 3 (0.40%) AWS Lambda
10 3 (0.40%) Cloud Computing
10 3 (0.40%) PaaS
10 3 (0.40%) Serverless
11 2 (0.27%) Google Analytics
Communications & Networking
1 36 (4.81%) HTTP
2 35 (4.68%) SSL
3 28 (3.74%) HTTPS
4 14 (1.87%) TCP/IP
5 10 (1.34%) FTP
6 9 (1.20%) RTMP
7 4 (0.53%) Internet
8 3 (0.40%) DNS
9 1 (0.13%) DSL
9 1 (0.13%) Intranet
9 1 (0.13%) Kerberos
9 1 (0.13%) Skype
9 1 (0.13%) SSH
Database & Business Intelligence
1 86 (11.50%) NoSQL
2 75 (10.03%) Relational Database
3 51 (6.82%) MySQL
4 34 (4.55%) PostgreSQL
5 29 (3.88%) MongoDB
6 28 (3.74%) SQL Server
7 26 (3.48%) Big Data
8 25 (3.34%) Apache Cassandra
9 22 (2.94%) Oracle Database
10 19 (2.54%) Redis
11 16 (2.14%) Hadoop
12 14 (1.87%) Amazon RDS
13 10 (1.34%) Flink
13 10 (1.34%) RDBMS
14 9 (1.20%) Amazon DynamoDB
15 8 (1.07%) Oracle Database 12c
15 8 (1.07%) Oracle Exadata
16 5 (0.67%) Apache Hive
17 3 (0.40%) HBase
17 3 (0.40%) Oracle OWB
Development Applications
1 204 (27.27%) Jenkins
2 191 (25.53%) Maven
3 149 (19.92%) Git (software)
4 143 (19.12%) JUnit
5 95 (12.70%) Gradle
6 83 (11.10%) Mockito
7 52 (6.95%) JIRA
8 48 (6.42%) Cucumber
9 37 (4.95%) GitLab
10 23 (3.07%) SonarQube
11 21 (2.81%) Ant
12 19 (2.54%) Subversion
13 17 (2.27%) TeamCity
13 17 (2.27%) Visual Studio Team System
14 16 (2.14%) Bitbucket
15 15 (2.01%) Atlassian Bamboo
16 13 (1.74%) IntelliJ
16 13 (1.74%) Postman
17 12 (1.60%) Eclipse
17 12 (1.60%) JMeter
General
1 176 (23.53%) Finance
2 142 (18.98%) Banking
3 75 (10.03%) Investment Banking
4 47 (6.28%) Front Office
5 26 (3.48%) Public Sector
6 21 (2.81%) Financial Institution
6 21 (2.81%) Retail
7 20 (2.67%) Back Office
8 16 (2.14%) Games
9 8 (1.07%) Marketing
10 7 (0.94%) Retail Banking
11 5 (0.67%) Telecoms
12 3 (0.40%) Police
13 2 (0.27%) Automotive
13 2 (0.27%) Pharmaceutical
13 2 (0.27%) Publishing
14 1 (0.13%) Electronics
14 1 (0.13%) Law
14 1 (0.13%) Legal
14 1 (0.13%) Manufacturing
Job Titles
1 615 (82.22%) Developer
2 522 (69.79%) Java Developer
3 80 (10.70%) Full Stack Developer
4 67 (8.96%) Senior Developer
5 58 (7.75%) Senior Java Developer
6 54 (7.22%) AWS Developer
7 52 (6.95%) Backend Developer
8 48 (6.42%) SC Cleared Java Developer
9 38 (5.08%) Java Engineer
10 26 (3.48%) Software Engineer
11 24 (3.21%) Agile Developer
11 24 (3.21%) Agile Java Developer
12 22 (2.94%) Java Developer - Fintech
13 19 (2.54%) React Developer
14 18 (2.41%) Architect
15 16 (2.14%) Angular Developer
15 16 (2.14%) Applications Developer
15 16 (2.14%) Java Applications Developer
16 14 (1.87%) DevOps Engineer
16 14 (1.87%) Investment Banking Java Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 407 (54.41%) Spring Boot
2 170 (22.73%) RESTful
3 144 (19.25%) REST
4 135 (18.05%) AngularJS
5 133 (17.78%) Web Services
6 126 (16.84%) Kafka
7 100 (13.37%) Hibernate
8 88 (11.76%) React
9 82 (10.96%) J2EE
10 79 (10.56%) HTML
11 64 (8.56%) Apache Camel
11 64 (8.56%) CSS
11 64 (8.56%) Spring Cloud
12 62 (8.29%) SOAP
13 53 (7.09%) HTML5
14 45 (6.02%) Node.js
15 39 (5.21%) JPA
16 38 (5.08%) Spring Security
17 37 (4.95%) XML
18 34 (4.55%) Guice
Miscellaneous
1 46 (6.15%) Greenfield Project
2 45 (6.02%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
3 30 (4.01%) Enterprise Software
4 29 (3.88%) User Experience
5 26 (3.48%) Mobile App
6 23 (3.07%) Semantic Web
6 23 (3.07%) Virtual Team
7 22 (2.94%) Credit Risk
8 18 (2.41%) Analytical Skills
9 14 (1.87%) Data Structures
10 13 (1.74%) Fixed Income
11 11 (1.47%) Algorithms
11 11 (1.47%) Cloud Native
11 11 (1.47%) Mobile Payment
11 11 (1.47%) Public Cloud
12 8 (1.07%) Replication
12 8 (1.07%) Self-Motivation
13 7 (0.94%) Blog
13 7 (0.94%) Derivative
14 5 (0.67%) Private Cloud
Operating Systems
1 53 (7.09%) Linux
2 26 (3.48%) Unix
3 12 (1.60%) Windows
4 8 (1.07%) Solaris
5 7 (0.94%) Android
5 7 (0.94%) Ubuntu
6 6 (0.80%) Apple iOS
6 6 (0.80%) Mac OS
6 6 (0.80%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 5 (0.67%) Oracle Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 427 (57.09%) Agile Software Development
2 367 (49.06%) Microservices
3 227 (30.35%) TDD
4 164 (21.93%) DevOps
5 144 (19.25%) Continuous Integration
6 130 (17.38%) Test Automation
7 128 (17.11%) Scrum
8 127 (16.98%) Software Engineering
9 96 (12.83%) SDLC
10 90 (12.03%) BDD
11 72 (9.63%) Open Source
12 70 (9.36%) Pair Programming
13 62 (8.29%) Multithreading
14 60 (8.02%) Fintech
15 54 (7.22%) Continuous Delivery
16 50 (6.68%) Computer Science
17 47 (6.28%) E-Commerce
18 36 (4.81%) Kanban
19 35 (4.68%) Unit Testing
20 33 (4.41%) Migration
Programming Languages
1 723 (96.66%) Java
2 301 (40.24%) Java 8
3 167 (22.33%) SQL
4 129 (17.25%) JavaScript
5 61 (8.16%) Kotlin
6 53 (7.09%) Scala
7 44 (5.88%) Python
8 40 (5.35%) TypeScript
9 27 (3.61%) C#
10 19 (2.54%) Groovy
11 16 (2.14%) PL/SQL
12 14 (1.87%) ES6
13 12 (1.60%) Shell Script
14 7 (0.94%) Java 9
14 7 (0.94%) R
14 7 (0.94%) Ruby
15 6 (0.80%) Haskell
16 5 (0.67%) Clojure
17 3 (0.40%) C++
17 3 (0.40%) Perl
Qualifications
1 111 (14.84%) Security Cleared
2 96 (12.83%) SC Cleared
3 30 (4.01%) Degree
4 18 (2.41%) Computer Science Degree
5 8 (1.07%) DV Cleared
6 5 (0.67%) Master's Degree
7 4 (0.53%) BPSS Clearance
8 2 (0.27%) OCPJP
9 1 (0.13%) SANS
9 1 (0.13%) Sun Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 18 (2.41%) QA
2 8 (1.07%) ISO/IEC 20000
3 4 (0.53%) Data Quality
4 1 (0.13%) GDPR
4 1 (0.13%) WCAG
System Software
1 217 (29.01%) Docker
2 8 (1.07%) Oracle RAC
3 7 (0.94%) vSphere
4 5 (0.67%) VMware Infrastructure
5 3 (0.40%) HDFS
6 1 (0.13%) Active Directory
6 1 (0.13%) GridGain
6 1 (0.13%) Postfix
6 1 (0.13%) Virtual Servers
Systems Management
1 180 (24.06%) Kubernetes
2 30 (4.01%) Terraform
3 25 (3.34%) Prometheus
4 22 (2.94%) Zipkin
5 16 (2.14%) Ansible
6 9 (1.20%) Puppet
7 8 (1.07%) Data Guard
7 8 (1.07%) Oracle RMAN
8 6 (0.80%) Consul
9 5 (0.67%) Grafana
9 5 (0.67%) Kibana
9 5 (0.67%) Opscode Chef
10 4 (0.53%) linkerd
11 3 (0.40%) Docker Swarm
11 3 (0.40%) Hadoop YARN
11 3 (0.40%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
11 3 (0.40%) Rundeck
12 2 (0.27%) Salt
12 2 (0.27%) TeamSite
13 1 (0.13%) Mesos
Vendors
1 68 (9.09%) Oracle
2 23 (3.07%) hybris
3 22 (2.94%) SAP
4 14 (1.87%) Microsoft
5 12 (1.60%) Adobe
5 12 (1.60%) Google
6 11 (1.47%) IBM
7 9 (1.20%) Gigya
7 9 (1.20%) MuleSoft
7 9 (1.20%) Terracotta
8 8 (1.07%) Red Hat
9 7 (0.94%) VMware
10 5 (0.67%) HP
10 5 (0.67%) Splunk
10 5 (0.67%) Sybase
11 3 (0.40%) Apple
11 3 (0.40%) Bloomberg
11 3 (0.40%) Perforce
11 3 (0.40%) Salesforce.com
12 2 (0.27%) CA