Period
to 22 June 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Spring skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Spring over the 6 months to 22 June 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Pivotal Spring Framework
England > London
6 months to
22 Jun 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 64 64 74
Rank change year-on-year 0 +10 +25
Contract jobs citing Spring 1,746 1,442 1,368
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 3.87% 3.61% 3.12%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 10.45% 10.12% 9.65%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,354 1,030 1,105
London median daily rate £525 £500 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.00% - +5.26%
10th Percentile £413 £363 £363
90th Percentile £650 £638 £650
England median daily rate £500 £463 £450
% change year-on-year +8.11% +2.78% +7.78%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2 3 0
London median hourly rate £30.00 £40.00 -
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -25.00% - -
England median hourly rate £45.00 £52.50 £57.00
% change year-on-year -14.29% -7.89% +3.64%

Spring is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 16,709 14,252 14,182
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 37.06% 35.70% 32.36%
Number of daily rates quoted 12,746 10,597 10,747
London median daily rate £508 £480 £463
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.73% +3.78% +5.11%
10th Percentile £363 £335 £313
90th Percentile £670 £638 £638
England median daily rate £475 £450 £425
% change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 118 100 56
London median hourly rate £44.21 £43.13 £34.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +2.51% +26.84% +13.33%
10th Percentile £19.73 £19.42 £18.56
90th Percentile £74.00 £54.69 £58.75
England median hourly rate £42.38 £41.00 £37.50
% change year-on-year +3.37% +9.33% +7.14%

Spring
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Spring as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Spring in London

Spring
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Spring in London.

Contractor daily rate trend for Spring in London

Spring
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Spring in London over the 6 months to 22 June 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Spring in London

Spring
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Spring in London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Spring in London

Spring
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Spring within the London region over the 6 months to 22 June 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London +2 368 £525 +5.00% 136
South London +5 108 £575 +9.52% 5
West London +10 73 £490 -2.00% 50
East London -13 37 £563 -5.26% 18
North London +5 8 £500 -2.44% 4
Spring
England

For the 6 months to 22 June 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Spring also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for Spring.

1 1,681 (96.28%) Java
2 1,016 (58.19%) Agile Software Development
3 675 (38.66%) TDD
4 604 (34.59%) Java 8
5 575 (32.93%) Microservices
6 553 (31.67%) Spring Boot
7 496 (28.41%) REST
8 477 (27.32%) Hibernate
9 472 (27.03%) JavaScript
10 444 (25.43%) Web Services
11 416 (23.83%) BDD
11 416 (23.83%) Git (software)
12 415 (23.77%) Maven
13 400 (22.91%) Scrum
14 399 (22.85%) RESTful
15 379 (21.71%) SQL
16 361 (20.68%) Jenkins
17 357 (20.45%) Finance
18 341 (19.53%) Banking
19 340 (19.47%) Docker
20 338 (19.36%) Amazon AWS
21 334 (19.13%) JUnit
22 320 (18.33%) DevOps
23 295 (16.90%) Linux
24 288 (16.49%) Continuous Integration
25 277 (15.86%) AngularJS
26 275 (15.75%) MVC
27 272 (15.58%) NoSQL
28 270 (15.46%) Test Automation
29 266 (15.23%) HTML

Spring
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 145 (8.30%) Elasticsearch
1 145 (8.30%) Tomcat
2 132 (7.56%) Confluence
3 112 (6.41%) Apache
4 83 (4.75%) JBoss
5 62 (3.55%) WebSphere
6 49 (2.81%) Mule
7 47 (2.69%) WebLogic
8 45 (2.58%) Cloud Foundry
9 33 (1.89%) Apache Solr
10 32 (1.83%) Apache Spark
11 30 (1.72%) Jetty
12 26 (1.49%) Adobe Experience Manager
13 24 (1.37%) MQSeries
14 23 (1.32%) Oracle SOA Suite
15 19 (1.09%) CMS
16 17 (0.97%) WebSphere Application Server
17 16 (0.92%) Oracle Coherence
18 11 (0.63%) GlassFish
19 10 (0.57%) Liferay
Applications
1 7 (0.40%) Microsoft Excel
2 2 (0.11%) MS Visio
3 1 (0.057%) InVision
3 1 (0.057%) Photoshop
Business Applications
1 16 (0.92%) SAP Hybris
2 11 (0.63%) ION MarketView
2 11 (0.63%) Payment Gateway
3 4 (0.23%) Global One
4 2 (0.11%) Dynamics CRM
5 1 (0.057%) Adobe Campaign
5 1 (0.057%) Distributed Ledger
5 1 (0.057%) LatentZero
5 1 (0.057%) Oracle Financials
5 1 (0.057%) Oracle General Ledger
5 1 (0.057%) Oracle Retail
5 1 (0.057%) PeopleSoft Financials
5 1 (0.057%) Salesforce.com CRM
5 1 (0.057%) thinkFolio
Cloud Services
1 338 (19.36%) Amazon AWS
2 77 (4.41%) Microsoft Azure
3 48 (2.75%) GitHub
4 27 (1.55%) Amazon EC2
5 26 (1.49%) npm
6 19 (1.09%) Cloud Computing
6 19 (1.09%) Heroku
6 19 (1.09%) Serverless
7 18 (1.03%) PaaS
8 15 (0.86%) IaaS
8 15 (0.86%) SaaS
9 12 (0.69%) Amazon SQS
9 12 (0.69%) Google Cloud Platform
10 11 (0.63%) AWS Lambda
11 10 (0.57%) OpenShift
11 10 (0.57%) Sauce Labs
11 10 (0.57%) Slack
12 9 (0.52%) BrowserStack
13 7 (0.40%) IBM Cloud
13 7 (0.40%) Yarn
Communications & Networking
1 103 (5.90%) HTTP
2 57 (3.26%) TCP/IP
3 24 (1.37%) FTP
3 24 (1.37%) SSL
4 22 (1.26%) Internet
4 22 (1.26%) SMS
5 18 (1.03%) DNS
6 15 (0.86%) SSH
7 11 (0.63%) Kerberos
8 10 (0.57%) Firewall
9 7 (0.40%) AMQP
9 7 (0.40%) SMTP
10 6 (0.34%) Ethernet
10 6 (0.34%) MPLS
10 6 (0.34%) WAN
11 5 (0.29%) BIG-IP
12 3 (0.17%) DSL
13 2 (0.11%) Broadband
13 2 (0.11%) HTTPS
13 2 (0.11%) Network Security
Database & Business Intelligence
1 272 (15.58%) NoSQL
2 258 (14.78%) Relational Database
3 251 (14.38%) MongoDB
4 186 (10.65%) PostgreSQL
5 140 (8.02%) MySQL
6 109 (6.24%) SQL Server
7 96 (5.50%) Apache Cassandra
8 94 (5.38%) RDBMS
9 82 (4.70%) Big Data
9 82 (4.70%) Redis
10 60 (3.44%) Hadoop
11 30 (1.72%) Oracle Database
12 29 (1.66%) Couchbase
13 27 (1.55%) DB2
14 20 (1.15%) HBase
14 20 (1.15%) Neo4j
14 20 (1.15%) Oracle Database 11g
15 16 (0.92%) Endeca
16 15 (0.86%) Hazelcast
17 12 (0.69%) Amazon DynamoDB
Development Applications
1 416 (23.83%) Git (software)
2 415 (23.77%) Maven
3 361 (20.68%) Jenkins
4 334 (19.13%) JUnit
5 184 (10.54%) JIRA
6 171 (9.79%) Mockito
7 147 (8.42%) Gradle
8 131 (7.50%) Cucumber
9 109 (6.24%) Subversion
10 102 (5.84%) Selenium
11 57 (3.26%) Hudson
12 56 (3.21%) Ant
13 52 (2.98%) IntelliJ
14 45 (2.58%) SonarQube
15 43 (2.46%) Eclipse
16 40 (2.29%) TeamCity
17 33 (1.89%) Spock
18 32 (1.83%) Bitbucket
19 31 (1.78%) gulp
20 30 (1.72%) GitLab
General
1 357 (20.45%) Finance
2 341 (19.53%) Banking
3 159 (9.11%) Investment Banking
4 76 (4.35%) Front Office
5 59 (3.38%) Games
6 56 (3.21%) Retail
7 26 (1.49%) Back Office
8 23 (1.32%) Legal
9 22 (1.26%) Advertising
10 18 (1.03%) Telecoms
11 12 (0.69%) Marketing
12 11 (0.63%) Financial Institution
13 10 (0.57%) General Ledger
13 10 (0.57%) Manufacturing
14 9 (0.52%) Law
15 8 (0.46%) Automotive
16 7 (0.40%) Electronics
16 7 (0.40%) Publishing
17 5 (0.29%) Retail Banking
18 3 (0.17%) Music Industry
Job Titles
1 1,405 (80.47%) Developer
2 1,166 (66.78%) Java Developer
3 280 (16.04%) Senior Developer
4 251 (14.38%) Senior Java Developer
5 124 (7.10%) Java Engineer
6 111 (6.36%) Full Stack Developer
7 101 (5.78%) Agile Developer
8 90 (5.15%) Architect
9 77 (4.41%) Agile Java Developer
10 75 (4.30%) Lead Developer
11 67 (3.84%) Lead Java Developer
12 66 (3.78%) AWS Developer
13 63 (3.61%) Software Engineer
14 58 (3.32%) Java Software Engineer
15 56 (3.21%) Backend Developer
16 55 (3.15%) Investment Banking Java Developer
17 46 (2.63%) Angular Developer
17 46 (2.63%) React Developer
18 44 (2.52%) JavaScript Developer
19 37 (2.12%) Integration Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 553 (31.67%) Spring Boot
2 496 (28.41%) REST
3 477 (27.32%) Hibernate
4 444 (25.43%) Web Services
5 399 (22.85%) RESTful
6 277 (15.86%) AngularJS
7 266 (15.23%) HTML
8 262 (15.01%) J2EE
9 239 (13.69%) Node.js
10 202 (11.57%) JMS
11 200 (11.45%) Spring MVC
12 198 (11.34%) React
13 194 (11.11%) CSS
14 178 (10.19%) SOAP
15 161 (9.22%) HTML5
16 155 (8.88%) Kafka
17 151 (8.65%) XML
18 148 (8.48%) JSON
19 131 (7.50%) Apache Camel
20 123 (7.04%) Java EE
Miscellaneous
1 158 (9.05%) Greenfield Project
2 77 (4.41%) Fintech
3 74 (4.24%) User Experience
4 72 (4.12%) Computer Science
5 71 (4.07%) Analytical Skills
6 65 (3.72%) Enterprise Software
7 60 (3.44%) Fixed Income
8 56 (3.21%) Derivative
9 43 (2.46%) Data Structures
10 38 (2.18%) Algorithms
11 37 (2.12%) Mobile App
12 30 (1.72%) Equities
13 25 (1.43%) Linux Command Line
14 23 (1.32%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
14 23 (1.32%) iPad
14 23 (1.32%) Self-Motivation
15 20 (1.15%) Equity Derivative
16 18 (1.03%) Virtual Team
17 17 (0.97%) Online Games
18 15 (0.86%) Social Media
Operating Systems
1 295 (16.90%) Linux
2 235 (13.46%) Unix
3 23 (1.32%) Apple iOS
4 20 (1.15%) Android
5 17 (0.97%) Windows
6 16 (0.92%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 16 (0.92%) Ubuntu
7 14 (0.80%) CentOS
7 14 (0.80%) HPUX
7 14 (0.80%) Solaris
8 13 (0.74%) Mac OS X
9 4 (0.23%) Debian
10 2 (0.11%) Windows 2000
10 2 (0.11%) Windows Vista
11 1 (0.057%) Mac OS
11 1 (0.057%) SUSE
11 1 (0.057%) Windows Server
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,016 (58.19%) Agile Software Development
2 675 (38.66%) TDD
3 575 (32.93%) Microservices
4 416 (23.83%) BDD
5 400 (22.91%) Scrum
6 320 (18.33%) DevOps
7 288 (16.49%) Continuous Integration
8 275 (15.75%) MVC
9 270 (15.46%) Test Automation
10 220 (12.60%) Open Source
11 214 (12.26%) OO
12 212 (12.14%) Software Engineering
13 175 (10.02%) E-Commerce
14 173 (9.91%) Pair Programming
15 161 (9.22%) Kanban
16 152 (8.71%) Multithreading
17 123 (7.04%) Unit Testing
18 120 (6.87%) Continuous Delivery
19 112 (6.41%) SDLC
20 110 (6.30%) SOA
Programming Languages
1 1,681 (96.28%) Java
2 604 (34.59%) Java 8
3 472 (27.03%) JavaScript
4 379 (21.71%) SQL
5 183 (10.48%) Scala
6 106 (6.07%) Groovy
7 99 (5.67%) Python
8 75 (4.30%) Bash Shell
9 70 (4.01%) Ruby
10 51 (2.92%) Shell Script
11 46 (2.63%) ES6
12 44 (2.52%) TypeScript
13 32 (1.83%) Perl
14 31 (1.78%) Kotlin
14 31 (1.78%) XPath
15 28 (1.60%) PL/SQL
16 27 (1.55%) C++
17 25 (1.43%) Java 9
18 24 (1.37%) PHP
19 23 (1.32%) C#
Qualifications
1 125 (7.16%) Security Cleared
2 109 (6.24%) Degree
3 93 (5.33%) SC Cleared
4 55 (3.15%) Computer Science Degree
5 25 (1.43%) Master's Degree
6 23 (1.32%) BPSS Clearance
7 22 (1.26%) DV Cleared
8 5 (0.29%) OCPJP
9 3 (0.17%) Numerate Degree
9 3 (0.17%) PhD
9 3 (0.17%) Sun Certification
10 1 (0.057%) DBS Check
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 93 (5.33%) QA
2 8 (0.46%) MiFID
3 7 (0.40%) Disclosure Scotland
3 7 (0.40%) Dodd-Frank
3 7 (0.40%) EMIR
4 6 (0.34%) SEPA
5 4 (0.23%) GDPR
5 4 (0.23%) PMO
6 3 (0.17%) PSD2
7 2 (0.11%) Data Quality
7 2 (0.11%) GCP
7 2 (0.11%) SLA
7 2 (0.11%) WAI
System Software
1 340 (19.47%) Docker
2 22 (1.26%) HDFS
3 20 (1.15%) Active Directory
4 11 (0.63%) VMware Infrastructure
4 11 (0.63%) vSphere
5 6 (0.34%) OpenAM
6 3 (0.17%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 2 (0.11%) OpenIDM
7 2 (0.11%) Platform Symphony
7 2 (0.11%) Postfix
7 2 (0.11%) Squid
8 1 (0.057%) Microsoft Virtual Server
8 1 (0.057%) Virtual Machines
8 1 (0.057%) Virtual Servers
8 1 (0.057%) XenApp
Systems Management
1 118 (6.76%) Kubernetes
2 77 (4.41%) Ansible
3 59 (3.38%) Terraform
4 41 (2.35%) Puppet
5 37 (2.12%) Opscode Chef
6 27 (1.55%) Docker Swarm
7 26 (1.49%) Grafana
7 26 (1.49%) Single Sign-On
8 23 (1.32%) Kibana
8 23 (1.32%) logstash
9 22 (1.26%) Prometheus
10 11 (0.63%) Consul
10 11 (0.63%) Marathon
10 11 (0.63%) Mesos
11 8 (0.46%) Control-M
12 7 (0.40%) Business Desktop Deployment
12 7 (0.40%) Rancher
13 5 (0.29%) Graphite
13 5 (0.29%) ITRS Geneos
13 5 (0.29%) Packer
Vendors
1 191 (10.94%) Oracle
2 55 (3.15%) MuleSoft
3 54 (3.09%) Google
4 50 (2.86%) Splunk
5 36 (2.06%) IBM
5 36 (2.06%) Microsoft
5 36 (2.06%) TIBCO
6 34 (1.95%) hybris
7 33 (1.89%) AppDynamics
8 31 (1.78%) Sybase
9 30 (1.72%) Red Hat
9 30 (1.72%) SAP
10 28 (1.60%) Adobe
11 21 (1.20%) Atlassian
12 19 (1.09%) Salesforce.com
13 14 (0.80%) ATG
13 14 (0.80%) Solace
14 12 (0.69%) CA
15 11 (0.63%) VMware
16 9 (0.52%) Perforce