Period
to 24 May 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for Spring skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Spring over the 6 months to 24 May 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Pivotal Spring Framework
Central London > City of London
6 months to
24 May 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 63 59 62
Rank change year-on-year -4 +3 +29
Contract jobs citing Spring 272 227 218
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 3.93% 3.69% 3.37%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 10.22% 10.04% 10.17%
Number of daily rates quoted 237 184 204
City of London median daily rate £525 £525 £550
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - -4.55% +10.00%
10th Percentile £413 £363 £375
90th Percentile £625 £651 £650
Central London median daily rate £525 £500 £538
% change year-on-year +5.00% -6.98% +7.50%
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 0 0
City of London median hourly rate - - -
Central London median hourly rate - - -

Spring is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
City of London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 2,662 2,262 2,144
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 38.42% 36.73% 33.15%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,183 1,862 1,812
City of London median daily rate £525 £500 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% +5.56%
10th Percentile £363 £331 £313
90th Percentile £669 £644 £638
Central London median daily rate £505 £475 £450
% change year-on-year +6.32% +5.56% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 14 5 5
City of London median hourly rate £21.75 £24.86 £43.57
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -12.51% -42.94% +79.82%
10th Percentile £21.08 £23.98 £17.09
90th Percentile £58.23 £33.73 £60.00
Central London median hourly rate £22.00 £24.86 £43.57
% change year-on-year -11.50% -42.94% +59.19%

Spring
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing Spring as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for Spring in the City of London

Spring
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Spring in the City of London.

Contractor daily rate trend for Spring in the City of London

Spring
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Spring in the City of London over the 6 months to 24 May 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Spring in the City of London

Spring
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Spring in the City of London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Spring in the City of London

For the 6 months to 24 May 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Spring also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for Spring.

1 265 (97.43%) Java
2 172 (63.24%) Agile Software Development
3 113 (41.54%) REST
4 110 (40.44%) TDD
5 103 (37.87%) Java 8
6 96 (35.29%) JavaScript
7 85 (31.25%) Microservices
8 80 (29.41%) BDD
8 80 (29.41%) Banking
9 74 (27.21%) Finance
10 73 (26.84%) Git (software)
10 73 (26.84%) Spring Boot
11 67 (24.63%) HTML
12 66 (24.26%) Web Services
13 65 (23.90%) Maven
14 64 (23.53%) Hibernate
15 61 (22.43%) Node.js
16 59 (21.69%) Scrum
17 56 (20.59%) Continuous Integration
17 56 (20.59%) Unix
18 55 (20.22%) Docker
19 53 (19.49%) Jenkins
20 52 (19.12%) SQL
21 51 (18.75%) Relational Database
22 50 (18.38%) AngularJS
23 49 (18.01%) Amazon AWS
23 49 (18.01%) Investment Banking
24 48 (17.65%) NoSQL
24 48 (17.65%) Gradle
25 47 (17.28%) RESTful

Spring
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 17 (6.25%) Elasticsearch
2 16 (5.88%) JBoss
3 15 (5.51%) Cloud Foundry
4 14 (5.15%) Apache
5 9 (3.31%) Tomcat
5 9 (3.31%) WebLogic
6 7 (2.57%) WebSphere
7 5 (1.84%) Apache Solr
7 5 (1.84%) Confluence
8 3 (1.10%) Apache Spark
8 3 (1.10%) Jetty
8 3 (1.10%) Oracle Coherence
8 3 (1.10%) WebSphere Application Server
9 2 (0.74%) ArcGIS
9 2 (0.74%) GlassFish
9 2 (0.74%) Mule
9 2 (0.74%) nginx
9 2 (0.74%) Oracle SOA Suite
10 1 (0.37%) Adobe Experience Manager
10 1 (0.37%) Liferay
Applications
1 1 (0.37%) MS Visio
Cloud Services
1 49 (18.01%) Amazon AWS
2 19 (6.99%) Microsoft Azure
3 16 (5.88%) Heroku
4 14 (5.15%) npm
5 6 (2.21%) PaaS
6 4 (1.47%) Cloud Computing
7 3 (1.10%) GitHub
7 3 (1.10%) Google Cloud Platform
7 3 (1.10%) Serverless
7 3 (1.10%) Yarn
8 2 (0.74%) Amazon EC2
8 2 (0.74%) Amazon SQS
8 2 (0.74%) AWS Lambda
8 2 (0.74%) Google App Engine
9 1 (0.37%) Amazon S3
9 1 (0.37%) AWS CloudFormation
9 1 (0.37%) BrowserStack
9 1 (0.37%) Sauce Labs
9 1 (0.37%) Slack
Communications & Networking
1 30 (11.03%) HTTP
2 23 (8.46%) TCP/IP
3 14 (5.15%) DNS
3 14 (5.15%) FTP
3 14 (5.15%) SSL
4 11 (4.04%) Firewall
5 2 (0.74%) BIG-IP
5 2 (0.74%) Ethernet
5 2 (0.74%) MPLS
5 2 (0.74%) WAN
6 1 (0.37%) Internet
6 1 (0.37%) Kerberos
6 1 (0.37%) Network Security
6 1 (0.37%) SMS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 51 (18.75%) Relational Database
2 48 (17.65%) NoSQL
3 42 (15.44%) MongoDB
4 31 (11.40%) PostgreSQL
5 19 (6.99%) SQL Server
6 17 (6.25%) RDBMS
7 14 (5.15%) MySQL
8 12 (4.41%) Big Data
8 12 (4.41%) Redis
9 11 (4.04%) Apache Cassandra
10 4 (1.47%) Couchbase
10 4 (1.47%) Oracle Database
11 3 (1.10%) SQL Server 2014
12 2 (0.74%) Amazon RDS
12 2 (0.74%) DB2
12 2 (0.74%) Hadoop
12 2 (0.74%) KDB
12 2 (0.74%) Oracle Database 10g
12 2 (0.74%) Oracle Database 11g
13 1 (0.37%) QlikView
Development Applications
1 73 (26.84%) Git (software)
2 65 (23.90%) Maven
3 53 (19.49%) Jenkins
4 48 (17.65%) Gradle
5 47 (17.28%) JUnit
6 23 (8.46%) Mockito
7 22 (8.09%) Cucumber
7 22 (8.09%) Selenium
8 21 (7.72%) JIRA
9 20 (7.35%) TeamCity
10 18 (6.62%) gulp
11 17 (6.25%) Spock
12 14 (5.15%) Gatling
12 14 (5.15%) Geb
12 14 (5.15%) GitLab
13 12 (4.41%) Sonatype Nexus
14 11 (4.04%) Ant
14 11 (4.04%) TestNG
15 10 (3.68%) Liquibase
16 8 (2.94%) SoapUI
General
1 80 (29.41%) Banking
2 74 (27.21%) Finance
3 49 (18.01%) Investment Banking
4 11 (4.04%) Front Office
4 11 (4.04%) Retail
5 6 (2.21%) Back Office
5 6 (2.21%) Financial Institution
6 5 (1.84%) Games
6 5 (1.84%) Legal
7 3 (1.10%) Advertising
8 2 (0.74%) Automotive
8 2 (0.74%) General Ledger
8 2 (0.74%) Telecoms
9 1 (0.37%) Publishing
9 1 (0.37%) Retail Banking
9 1 (0.37%) Wholesale Banking
Job Titles
1 217 (79.78%) Developer
2 194 (71.32%) Java Developer
3 44 (16.18%) Senior Developer
4 41 (15.07%) Senior Java Developer
5 28 (10.29%) Java Engineer
6 22 (8.09%) Web Developer
7 19 (6.99%) Full Stack Developer
7 19 (6.99%) Java Web Developer
8 17 (6.25%) Agile Developer
9 16 (5.88%) Agile Java Developer
10 13 (4.78%) Lead Developer
10 13 (4.78%) Lead Java Developer
10 13 (4.78%) Senior Java Engineer
11 12 (4.41%) DevOps Engineer
11 12 (4.41%) Software Engineer
12 11 (4.04%) E-Commerce Developer
12 11 (4.04%) J2EE Developer
12 11 (4.04%) Java E-Commerce Developer
12 11 (4.04%) Java/J2EE Developer
13 10 (3.68%) Java Software Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 113 (41.54%) REST
2 73 (26.84%) Spring Boot
3 67 (24.63%) HTML
4 66 (24.26%) Web Services
5 64 (23.53%) Hibernate
6 61 (22.43%) Node.js
7 50 (18.38%) AngularJS
8 47 (17.28%) CSS
8 47 (17.28%) RESTful
9 36 (13.24%) HTML5
10 33 (12.13%) J2EE
11 32 (11.76%) React
12 31 (11.40%) SOAP
13 28 (10.29%) Twitter Bootstrap
14 27 (9.93%) Dropwizard
15 26 (9.56%) Guice
16 25 (9.19%) jQuery
17 24 (8.82%) JMS
18 23 (8.46%) Spring MVC
19 20 (7.35%) Redux
Miscellaneous
1 16 (5.88%) Greenfield Project
2 12 (4.41%) Fintech
3 10 (3.68%) Analytical Skills
3 10 (3.68%) Linux Command Line
4 9 (3.31%) User Experience
5 8 (2.94%) N-Tier
6 7 (2.57%) Fixed Income
6 7 (2.57%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
7 6 (2.21%) Enterprise Software
7 6 (2.21%) iPad
8 5 (1.84%) Computer Science
8 5 (1.84%) Derivative
8 5 (1.84%) Hedge funds
8 5 (1.84%) Mobile App
8 5 (1.84%) Self-Motivation
9 4 (1.47%) Equities
10 3 (1.10%) Cloud Native
10 3 (1.10%) Equity Derivative
10 3 (1.10%) Market Risk
11 2 (0.74%) Video\Live Streaming
Operating Systems
1 56 (20.59%) Unix
2 37 (13.60%) Linux
3 5 (1.84%) Mac OS X
4 4 (1.47%) Apple iOS
5 3 (1.10%) VMS
6 2 (0.74%) Android
Processes & Methodologies
1 172 (63.24%) Agile Software Development
2 110 (40.44%) TDD
3 85 (31.25%) Microservices
4 80 (29.41%) BDD
5 59 (21.69%) Scrum
6 56 (20.59%) Continuous Integration
7 46 (16.91%) Software Engineering
8 37 (13.60%) DevOps
9 35 (12.87%) MVC
10 34 (12.50%) Pair Programming
11 30 (11.03%) E-Commerce
11 30 (11.03%) Web Development
12 29 (10.66%) Open Source
12 29 (10.66%) Test Automation
13 25 (9.19%) Kanban
14 24 (8.82%) Continuous Delivery
15 23 (8.46%) Unit Testing
16 22 (8.09%) Domain-Driven Design
17 19 (6.99%) Multithreading
17 19 (6.99%) OO
Programming Languages
1 265 (97.43%) Java
2 103 (37.87%) Java 8
3 96 (35.29%) JavaScript
4 52 (19.12%) SQL
5 35 (12.87%) Groovy
6 33 (12.13%) Scala
7 24 (8.82%) Python
8 17 (6.25%) ES6
8 17 (6.25%) TypeScript
9 16 (5.88%) Ruby
10 8 (2.94%) XPath
11 7 (2.57%) Bash Shell
11 7 (2.57%) Shell Script
12 6 (2.21%) PL/SQL
13 4 (1.47%) C#
13 4 (1.47%) Java 9
14 3 (1.10%) Kotlin
15 2 (0.74%) ANSI SQL
16 1 (0.37%) Apple Swift
16 1 (0.37%) C++
Qualifications
1 14 (5.15%) Degree
2 5 (1.84%) Computer Science Degree
2 5 (1.84%) Master's Degree
2 5 (1.84%) SC Cleared
2 5 (1.84%) Security Cleared
3 2 (0.74%) OCPJP
3 2 (0.74%) Sun Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 18 (6.62%) QA
2 2 (0.74%) MiFID
3 1 (0.37%) GDPR
3 1 (0.37%) PMO
System Software
1 55 (20.22%) Docker
2 2 (0.74%) HDFS
3 1 (0.37%) Apache ZooKeeper
3 1 (0.37%) OpenAM
3 1 (0.37%) Virtual Machines
Systems Management
1 24 (8.82%) Docker Swarm
1 24 (8.82%) Kubernetes
2 16 (5.88%) Puppet
3 14 (5.15%) Opscode Chef
4 9 (3.31%) Prometheus
5 6 (2.21%) Ansible
6 4 (1.47%) Control-M
7 3 (1.10%) Consul
7 3 (1.10%) Grafana
7 3 (1.10%) Kibana
7 3 (1.10%) logstash
8 2 (0.74%) Hadoop YARN
8 2 (0.74%) ITRS Geneos
9 1 (0.37%) Oozie
9 1 (0.37%) rkt
9 1 (0.37%) Terraform
Vendors
1 33 (12.13%) Oracle
2 19 (6.99%) Splunk
3 16 (5.88%) AppDynamics
4 5 (1.84%) MuleSoft
4 5 (1.84%) Solace
4 5 (1.84%) Sybase
5 4 (1.47%) Demandware
5 4 (1.47%) FXall
5 4 (1.47%) Google
5 4 (1.47%) IBM
5 4 (1.47%) New Relic
5 4 (1.47%) Reuters
5 4 (1.47%) Salesforce.com
6 2 (0.74%) Atlassian
6 2 (0.74%) F5
6 2 (0.74%) hybris
6 2 (0.74%) Microsoft
6 2 (0.74%) Murex
6 2 (0.74%) Sun
6 2 (0.74%) TIBCO