Period
to 23 November 2017

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for Spring skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Spring over the 6 months to 23 November 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Pivotal Software Spring Framework
Central London > City of London
6 months to
23 Nov 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 61 108 74
Rank change year-on-year +47 -34 -1
Contract jobs citing Spring 265 152 264
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 3.71% 2.27% 2.92%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 9.83% 6.33% 9.41%
Number of daily rates quoted 227 140 218
City of London median daily rate £513 £500 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.50% - +2.83%
10th Percentile £358 £363 £343
90th Percentile £638 £588 £625
Central London median daily rate £513 £465 £500
% change year-on-year +10.22% -7.00% +5.26%
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 0 1
City of London median hourly rate - - £187.50
Central London median hourly rate - - £187.50

Spring is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
City of London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 2696 2403 2806
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 37.76% 35.88% 31.03%
Number of daily rates quoted 2265 2031 2316
City of London median daily rate £513 £475 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +7.89% - +5.56%
10th Percentile £363 £325 £313
90th Percentile £675 £638 £638
Central London median daily rate £500 £475 £464
% change year-on-year +5.26% +2.43% +9.12%
Number of hourly rates quoted 10 4 14
City of London median hourly rate £22.99 £35.00 £38.75
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -34.31% -9.68% +29.17%
10th Percentile £20.28 £19.00 £12.40
90th Percentile £33.75 £56.31 £66.25
Central London median hourly rate £21.50 £35.00 £38.75
% change year-on-year -38.57% -9.68% +29.17%

Spring
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing Spring as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for Spring in the City of London

Spring
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Spring in the City of London.

Contractor daily rate trend for Spring in the City of London

Spring
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Spring in the City of London over the 6 months to 23 November 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Spring in the City of London

Spring
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Spring in the City of London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Spring in the City of London

For the 6 months to 23 November 2017, IT contractor jobs citing Spring also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads across the City of London region with a requirement for Spring.

1 261 (98.49%) Java
2 148 (55.85%) Agile Software Development
3 104 (39.25%) TDD
4 103 (38.87%) Finance
5 98 (36.98%) Banking
6 88 (33.21%) JavaScript
7 81 (30.57%) REST
8 77 (29.06%) Hibernate
9 70 (26.42%) Web Services
9 70 (26.42%) Spring Boot
10 67 (25.28%) SQL
11 62 (23.40%) Continuous Integration
11 62 (23.40%) BDD
12 60 (22.64%) Jenkins
12 60 (22.64%) Maven
12 60 (22.64%) HTML
13 58 (21.89%) Scrum
14 56 (21.13%) AngularJS
15 55 (20.75%) J2EE
16 49 (18.49%) Unix
16 49 (18.49%) Microservices
17 48 (18.11%) MVC
18 45 (16.98%) XML
19 44 (16.60%) Git (software)
20 42 (15.85%) DevOps
21 40 (15.09%) Amazon AWS
21 40 (15.09%) SOAP
22 38 (14.34%) Investment Banking
23 37 (13.96%) JMS
24 36 (13.58%) CSS

Spring
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 21 (7.92%) Elasticsearch
2 16 (6.04%) JBoss
3 14 (5.28%) Apache
4 11 (4.15%) Confluence
4 11 (4.15%) Tomcat
5 10 (3.77%) Mule
6 8 (3.02%) Cloud Foundry
7 7 (2.64%) WebSphere
8 6 (2.26%) Apache Spark
9 3 (1.13%) Jetty
9 3 (1.13%) nginx
10 2 (0.75%) Apache Solr
10 2 (0.75%) GemFire
10 2 (0.75%) Oracle Coherence
10 2 (0.75%) WebLogic
11 1 (0.38%) IIS
11 1 (0.38%) Mule ESB
11 1 (0.38%) Oracle SOA Suite
11 1 (0.38%) TIBCO ActiveMatrix
11 1 (0.38%) WebSphere Application Server
Applications
1 2 (0.75%) Microsoft Excel
1 2 (0.75%) MS Visio
2 1 (0.38%) Microsoft Office
2 1 (0.38%) Microsoft PowerPoint
Business Applications
1 5 (1.89%) ION MarketView
2 3 (1.13%) BusinessWorks
3 2 (0.75%) Kondor
3 2 (0.75%) Oracle Cash Management
Cloud Services
1 40 (15.09%) Amazon AWS
2 9 (3.40%) Microsoft Azure
3 8 (3.02%) Amazon EC2
4 6 (2.26%) AWS CloudFormation
4 6 (2.26%) GitHub
5 5 (1.89%) Google Play
5 5 (1.89%) npm
6 4 (1.51%) Amazon S3
6 4 (1.51%) PaaS
6 4 (1.51%) Sauce Labs
7 3 (1.13%) AWS CloudTrail
7 3 (1.13%) Bluemix
7 3 (1.13%) BrowserStack
7 3 (1.13%) Cloud Computing
7 3 (1.13%) IaaS
7 3 (1.13%) IBM Cloud
7 3 (1.13%) OpenShift
7 3 (1.13%) Route 53
7 3 (1.13%) Slack
7 3 (1.13%) Virtual Private Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 6 (2.26%) Firewall
2 5 (1.89%) HTTP
3 4 (1.51%) TCP/IP
4 3 (1.13%) LDAP
5 2 (0.75%) DSL
5 2 (0.75%) Internet
5 2 (0.75%) Network Security
5 2 (0.75%) VPN
5 2 (0.75%) ZigBee
6 1 (0.38%) BIG-IP
6 1 (0.38%) Kerberos
6 1 (0.38%) LAN
6 1 (0.38%) NetScaler
6 1 (0.38%) SMS
6 1 (0.38%) SSH
6 1 (0.38%) SSL
6 1 (0.38%) WAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 30 (11.32%) Relational Database
2 24 (9.06%) MongoDB
3 23 (8.68%) NoSQL
4 21 (7.92%) MySQL
5 16 (6.04%) SQL Server
6 14 (5.28%) RDBMS
7 13 (4.91%) Apache Cassandra
8 12 (4.53%) PostgreSQL
9 11 (4.15%) Big Data
10 6 (2.26%) Amazon DynamoDB
11 5 (1.89%) MarkLogic
11 5 (1.89%) Neo4j
11 5 (1.89%) Redis
12 4 (1.51%) Hazelcast
13 3 (1.13%) Hadoop
13 3 (1.13%) Qlik Sense
13 3 (1.13%) QlikView
13 3 (1.13%) Sybase ASE
14 2 (0.75%) CouchDB
14 2 (0.75%) DB2
Development Applications
1 60 (22.64%) Jenkins
1 60 (22.64%) Maven
2 44 (16.60%) Git (software)
3 28 (10.57%) JUnit
4 27 (10.19%) JIRA
5 23 (8.68%) Cucumber
5 23 (8.68%) TeamCity
6 20 (7.55%) Subversion
7 18 (6.79%) Selenium
8 17 (6.42%) Gradle
8 17 (6.42%) Mockito
9 13 (4.91%) Ant
10 12 (4.53%) IntelliJ
11 9 (3.40%) gulp
12 8 (3.02%) Grunt
12 8 (3.02%) Sonatype Nexus
13 7 (2.64%) SonarQube
13 7 (2.64%) Team Foundation Server
14 6 (2.26%) Appium
14 6 (2.26%) SoapUI
General
1 103 (38.87%) Finance
2 98 (36.98%) Banking
3 38 (14.34%) Investment Banking
4 28 (10.57%) Front Office
5 16 (6.04%) Retail
6 10 (3.77%) Games
7 9 (3.40%) Publishing
8 6 (2.26%) Law
8 6 (2.26%) Retail Banking
9 5 (1.89%) Financial Institution
10 4 (1.51%) Back Office
10 4 (1.51%) Marketing
11 3 (1.13%) Legal
11 3 (1.13%) Manufacturing
11 3 (1.13%) Wholesale Banking
12 2 (0.75%) Portuguese Language
12 2 (0.75%) Spanish Language
13 1 (0.38%) Advertising
13 1 (0.38%) Billing
13 1 (0.38%) Electronics
Job Titles
1 217 (81.89%) Developer
2 196 (73.96%) Java Developer
3 40 (15.09%) Senior Developer
4 37 (13.96%) Senior Java Developer
5 21 (7.92%) Full Stack Developer
6 19 (7.17%) Java Engineer
7 15 (5.66%) J2EE Developer
7 15 (5.66%) Java/J2EE Developer
7 15 (5.66%) Lead Developer
8 13 (4.91%) Integration Developer
8 13 (4.91%) JavaScript Developer
9 12 (4.53%) Lead Java Developer
10 10 (3.77%) Java Swing Developer
11 8 (3.02%) Agile Developer
11 8 (3.02%) Agile Java Developer
11 8 (3.02%) Analyst
11 8 (3.02%) Angular Developer
11 8 (3.02%) E-Commerce Developer
11 8 (3.02%) Java E-Commerce Developer
12 7 (2.64%) Core Java Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 81 (30.57%) REST
2 77 (29.06%) Hibernate
3 70 (26.42%) Spring Boot
3 70 (26.42%) Web Services
4 60 (22.64%) HTML
5 56 (21.13%) AngularJS
6 55 (20.75%) J2EE
7 45 (16.98%) XML
8 40 (15.09%) SOAP
9 37 (13.96%) JMS
10 36 (13.58%) CSS
10 36 (13.58%) HTML5
10 36 (13.58%) Spring MVC
11 35 (13.21%) RESTful
12 31 (11.70%) JSON
12 31 (11.70%) Node.js
13 30 (11.32%) React
14 23 (8.68%) jQuery
15 20 (7.55%) Apache Camel
15 20 (7.55%) Java EE
Miscellaneous
1 24 (9.06%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
2 15 (5.66%) Greenfield Project
2 15 (5.66%) Mobile App
3 14 (5.28%) Enterprise Software
3 14 (5.28%) Fintech
3 14 (5.28%) User Experience
4 13 (4.91%) N-Tier
5 12 (4.53%) Data Structures
5 12 (4.53%) Fixed Income
6 11 (4.15%) Analytical Skills
7 9 (3.40%) Computer Science
7 9 (3.40%) Equities
8 7 (2.64%) Derivative
9 5 (1.89%) Linux Command Line
9 5 (1.89%) Online Games
10 4 (1.51%) SWIFT
11 3 (1.13%) Clustering
11 3 (1.13%) Credit Risk
11 3 (1.13%) Equity Derivative
11 3 (1.13%) Grid Computing
Operating Systems
1 49 (18.49%) Unix
2 29 (10.94%) Linux
3 12 (4.53%) Android
4 11 (4.15%) Apple iOS
5 5 (1.89%) Windows
6 4 (1.51%) Solaris
7 2 (0.75%) Debian
7 2 (0.75%) Ubuntu
8 1 (0.38%) HPUX
8 1 (0.38%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 1 (0.38%) Windows Server
Processes & Methodologies
1 148 (55.85%) Agile Software Development
2 104 (39.25%) TDD
3 62 (23.40%) BDD
3 62 (23.40%) Continuous Integration
4 58 (21.89%) Scrum
5 49 (18.49%) Microservices
6 48 (18.11%) MVC
7 42 (15.85%) DevOps
8 30 (11.32%) Open Source
9 28 (10.57%) Test Automation
10 26 (9.81%) Software Engineering
11 24 (9.06%) Web Development
12 23 (8.68%) E-Commerce
12 23 (8.68%) OO
12 23 (8.68%) SOA
13 22 (8.30%) Kanban
14 20 (7.55%) Pair Programming
15 18 (6.79%) Multithreading
15 18 (6.79%) Unit Testing
16 16 (6.04%) Domain-Driven Design
Programming Languages
1 261 (98.49%) Java
2 88 (33.21%) JavaScript
3 67 (25.28%) SQL
4 15 (5.66%) Python
5 14 (5.28%) Scala
6 10 (3.77%) Bash Shell
7 9 (3.40%) Groovy
7 9 (3.40%) PL/SQL
8 8 (3.02%) Shell Script
9 7 (2.64%) Ruby
10 6 (2.26%) ES6
10 6 (2.26%) Objective-C
11 5 (1.89%) C++
11 5 (1.89%) GraphQL
11 5 (1.89%) Korn
12 4 (1.51%) C#
12 4 (1.51%) Kotlin
12 4 (1.51%) XPath
13 3 (1.13%) Clojure
13 3 (1.13%) Perl
Qualifications
1 7 (2.64%) Degree
2 3 (1.13%) Computer Science Degree
2 3 (1.13%) Security Cleared
3 2 (0.75%) Master's Degree
4 1 (0.38%) CFA
4 1 (0.38%) SC Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 19 (7.17%) QA
2 3 (1.13%) MiFID
System Software
1 32 (12.08%) Docker
2 2 (0.75%) Apache ZooKeeper
2 2 (0.75%) Firmware
2 2 (0.75%) VirtualBox
3 1 (0.38%) GridGain
3 1 (0.38%) OpenAM
3 1 (0.38%) OpenIDM
3 1 (0.38%) Virtual Machines
Systems Management
1 12 (4.53%) Puppet
2 10 (3.77%) Ansible
3 8 (3.02%) Opscode Chef
4 6 (2.26%) Terraform
5 4 (1.51%) Grafana
5 4 (1.51%) Kibana
5 4 (1.51%) Kubernetes
6 3 (1.13%) Docker Swarm
7 2 (0.75%) HAProxy
7 2 (0.75%) logstash
7 2 (0.75%) Nagios
7 2 (0.75%) Packer
8 1 (0.38%) CA Service Virtualization
8 1 (0.38%) Oozie
Vendors
1 29 (10.94%) Oracle
2 11 (4.15%) IBM
3 9 (3.40%) TIBCO
4 8 (3.02%) Google
4 8 (3.02%) ION Trading
4 8 (3.02%) New Relic
4 8 (3.02%) Red Hat
4 8 (3.02%) Reuters
5 6 (2.26%) Bloomberg
6 5 (1.89%) Apple
6 5 (1.89%) Remedy
7 4 (1.51%) AppDynamics
7 4 (1.51%) Splunk
7 4 (1.51%) Sybase
8 3 (1.13%) Atlassian
8 3 (1.13%) F5
9 2 (0.75%) Microsoft
9 2 (0.75%) Misys
9 2 (0.75%) Perforce
9 2 (0.75%) Telerik