Period
to 21 January 2022

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for Spring skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Spring over the 6 months to 21 January 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Pivotal Spring Framework
Central London > City of London
6 months to
21 Jan 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 73 34 56
Rank change year-on-year -39 +22 -9
Contract jobs citing Spring 133 125 190
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the City of London 3.33% 6.01% 3.81%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 10.50% 19.38% 11.35%
Number of daily rates quoted 117 112 168
10th Percentile £503 £427 £425
25th Percentile £525 £513 £475
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £650 £586 £550
Median % change year-on-year +10.92% +6.55% -
75th Percentile £744 £650 £625
90th Percentile £788 £688 £688
Central London median daily rate £625 £585 £550
% change year-on-year +6.93% +6.27% -

Spring is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
City of London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 1,267 645 1,674
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 31.73% 31.01% 33.53%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,009 500 1,381
10th Percentile £414 £363 £400
25th Percentile £500 £425 £450
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £575 £550 £525
Median % change year-on-year +4.55% +4.76% -
75th Percentile £688 £618 £613
90th Percentile £756 £688 £675
Central London median daily rate £575 £548 £525
% change year-on-year +5.02% +4.29% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 2 1 2
10th Percentile £18.23 - £49.82
25th Percentile £26.06 £17.50 £51.79
Median hourly rate £39.75 £20.00 £57.67
Median % change year-on-year +98.75% -65.32% +249.48%
75th Percentile £54.06 £22.50 £62.62
90th Percentile £62.28 - £64.05
Central London median hourly rate £39.75 £20.00 £60.00
% change year-on-year +98.75% -66.67% +263.64%

Spring
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing Spring as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for Spring in the City of London

Spring
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Spring in the City of London.

Daily rate trend for Spring in the City of London

Spring
Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Spring in the City of London over the 6 months to 21 January 2022.

Daily rate histogram for Spring in the City of London

Spring
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Spring in the City of London.

Hourly rate trend for Spring in the City of London

For the 6 months to 21 January 2022, IT contractor jobs citing Spring also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for Spring.

1 123 (92.48%) Java
2 65 (48.87%) Agile Software Development
3 49 (36.84%) Microservices
3 49 (36.84%) CI/CD
4 42 (31.58%) TDD
5 40 (30.08%) Spring Boot
6 38 (28.57%) Docker
7 35 (26.32%) REST
8 34 (25.56%) Terraform
9 31 (23.31%) Kubernetes
9 31 (23.31%) Finance
10 30 (22.56%) Maven
11 29 (21.80%) AWS
12 27 (20.30%) SQL
13 24 (18.05%) Scrum
14 23 (17.29%) Cucumber
14 23 (17.29%) DevOps
15 20 (15.04%) Ansible
15 20 (15.04%) RESTful
15 20 (15.04%) Hibernate
15 20 (15.04%) J2EE
16 19 (14.29%) JavaScript
16 19 (14.29%) Unix
17 18 (13.53%) Python
17 18 (13.53%) React
17 18 (13.53%) Full Stack Development
18 17 (12.78%) Oracle
18 17 (12.78%) Banking
18 17 (12.78%) Git (software)
18 17 (12.78%) BDD

Spring
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 14 (10.53%) WebLogic
2 6 (4.51%) Confluence
3 3 (2.26%) Red Hat Fuse
4 2 (1.50%) Apache
4 2 (1.50%) FileNet
4 2 (1.50%) IIS
4 2 (1.50%) JBoss
4 2 (1.50%) Mule
4 2 (1.50%) Tomcat
4 2 (1.50%) WebSphere
5 1 (0.75%) Apache Spark
5 1 (0.75%) Cloud Foundry
5 1 (0.75%) Mule ESB
5 1 (0.75%) Oracle Coherence
Applications
1 1 (0.75%) Microsoft Office
Business Applications
1 12 (9.02%) TIBCO iProcess
2 2 (1.50%) Salesforce.com CRM
Cloud Services
1 29 (21.80%) AWS
2 10 (7.52%) Azure
3 5 (3.76%) Serverless
4 4 (3.01%) Amazon S3
4 4 (3.01%) AWS Lambda
4 4 (3.01%) GitHub
5 3 (2.26%) Amazon SQS
5 3 (2.26%) AWS CloudFormation
5 3 (2.26%) GCP
6 2 (1.50%) AWS Step Functions
6 2 (1.50%) Force.com
7 1 (0.75%) Amazon CloudWatch
7 1 (0.75%) Amazon EC2
7 1 (0.75%) Amazon ELB
7 1 (0.75%) Amplience
7 1 (0.75%) Apigee
7 1 (0.75%) Azure Active Directory
7 1 (0.75%) Google Analytics
7 1 (0.75%) IaaS
7 1 (0.75%) OpenShift
Communications & Networking
1 2 (1.50%) AMQP
2 1 (0.75%) DNS
2 1 (0.75%) Firewall
2 1 (0.75%) HTTP
2 1 (0.75%) NAS
2 1 (0.75%) SAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 15 (11.28%) SQL Server
2 13 (9.77%) MySQL
3 12 (9.02%) MongoDB
4 11 (8.27%) NoSQL
5 10 (7.52%) Relational Database
6 7 (5.26%) PostgreSQL
7 6 (4.51%) Oracle Database
8 4 (3.01%) Redis
9 3 (2.26%) Couchbase
9 3 (2.26%) RDBMS
10 2 (1.50%) Amazon DynamoDB
10 2 (1.50%) Apache Cassandra
10 2 (1.50%) Big Data
10 2 (1.50%) SQL Server Integration Services
11 1 (0.75%) Amazon Redshift
11 1 (0.75%) Data Lake
11 1 (0.75%) Data Mart
11 1 (0.75%) Flink
11 1 (0.75%) Hazelcast
11 1 (0.75%) Infinispan
Development Applications
1 30 (22.56%) Maven
2 23 (17.29%) Cucumber
3 17 (12.78%) Git (software)
4 11 (8.27%) Jenkins
4 11 (8.27%) JIRA
5 4 (3.01%) Atlassian Bamboo
5 4 (3.01%) Gradle
5 4 (3.01%) JUnit
6 3 (2.26%) Bitbucket
6 3 (2.26%) Gatling
6 3 (2.26%) JMeter
6 3 (2.26%) Mockito
6 3 (2.26%) REST Assured
7 2 (1.50%) GitLab
7 2 (1.50%) IBM UrbanCode
7 2 (1.50%) Visual Studio
7 2 (1.50%) webpack
8 1 (0.75%) Android Studio
8 1 (0.75%) Artifactory
8 1 (0.75%) CircleCI
General
1 31 (23.31%) Finance
2 17 (12.78%) Banking
3 15 (11.28%) Front Office
4 9 (6.77%) Analytical Skills
5 8 (6.02%) Social Skills
6 6 (4.51%) Investment Banking
7 4 (3.01%) Advertising
7 4 (3.01%) Games
8 2 (1.50%) Automotive
8 2 (1.50%) Financial Institution
8 2 (1.50%) Marketing
8 2 (1.50%) Organisational Skills
9 1 (0.75%) Inclusion and Diversity
9 1 (0.75%) Legal
9 1 (0.75%) Retail
9 1 (0.75%) Retail Banking
9 1 (0.75%) Telecoms
Job Titles
1 103 (77.44%) Developer
2 89 (66.92%) Java Developer
3 15 (11.28%) Java Engineer
4 13 (9.77%) SQL Developer
5 12 (9.02%) J2EE Developer
5 12 (9.02%) Java/J2EE Developer
5 12 (9.02%) TIBCO Developer
5 12 (9.02%) Unix Developer
5 12 (9.02%) WebLogic Developer
6 10 (7.52%) Full Stack Developer
7 9 (6.77%) Front Office Developer
8 5 (3.76%) Senior Java Engineer
9 4 (3.01%) DevOps Engineer
9 4 (3.01%) Senior Developer
9 4 (3.01%) Senior Java Developer
10 3 (2.26%) Angular Developer
10 3 (2.26%) Investment Banking Java Developer
10 3 (2.26%) Python Developer
10 3 (2.26%) React Developer
10 3 (2.26%) Software Tester
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 40 (30.08%) Spring Boot
2 35 (26.32%) REST
3 20 (15.04%) Hibernate
3 20 (15.04%) J2EE
3 20 (15.04%) RESTful
4 18 (13.53%) React
5 16 (12.03%) AngularJS
5 16 (12.03%) Kafka
6 13 (9.77%) HTML
7 11 (8.27%) Node.js
8 10 (7.52%) XML
9 8 (6.02%) CSS
9 8 (6.02%) JMS
9 8 (6.02%) JSON
9 8 (6.02%) Vert.x
10 7 (5.26%) Web Services
11 6 (4.51%) J2SE
12 4 (3.01%) Apache Camel
12 4 (3.01%) GraphQL
12 4 (3.01%) Redux
Miscellaneous
1 12 (9.02%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
2 7 (5.26%) Enterprise Software
3 6 (4.51%) Greenfield Project
4 5 (3.76%) Fixed Income
5 3 (2.26%) Data Structures
5 3 (2.26%) Equities
5 3 (2.26%) Hybrid Cloud
6 2 (1.50%) Derivative
6 2 (1.50%) Interest Rate Derivative
6 2 (1.50%) Management Information System
6 2 (1.50%) Reference Data
6 2 (1.50%) Self-Motivation
7 1 (0.75%) Cloud Native
7 1 (0.75%) Clustering
7 1 (0.75%) Grid Computing
7 1 (0.75%) Hedge funds
7 1 (0.75%) Legacy Systems
7 1 (0.75%) Mobile App
7 1 (0.75%) User Experience
7 1 (0.75%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 19 (14.29%) Unix
2 12 (9.02%) Linux
2 12 (9.02%) Mesosphere
3 1 (0.75%) Android
3 1 (0.75%) Apple iOS
3 1 (0.75%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
3 1 (0.75%) Windows
Processes & Methodologies
1 65 (48.87%) Agile Software Development
2 49 (36.84%) CI/CD
2 49 (36.84%) Microservices
3 42 (31.58%) TDD
4 24 (18.05%) Scrum
5 23 (17.29%) DevOps
6 18 (13.53%) Full Stack Development
7 17 (12.78%) BDD
8 12 (9.02%) Low Latency
8 12 (9.02%) Software Engineering
9 11 (8.27%) Continuous Integration
10 10 (7.52%) SDLC
11 9 (6.77%) Pair Programming
12 8 (6.02%) Mathematics
12 8 (6.02%) Problem-Solving
13 7 (5.26%) Computer Science
13 7 (5.26%) Kanban
13 7 (5.26%) Test Automation
14 6 (4.51%) User Stories
14 6 (4.51%) Web Development
Programming Languages
1 123 (92.48%) Java
2 27 (20.30%) SQL
3 19 (14.29%) JavaScript
4 18 (13.53%) Python
5 16 (12.03%) Java 8
6 12 (9.02%) PL/SQL
6 12 (9.02%) Shell Script
7 8 (6.02%) Java 11
7 8 (6.02%) Kotlin
8 4 (3.01%) TypeScript
9 3 (2.26%) C#
9 3 (2.26%) Ruby
9 3 (2.26%) Scala
10 2 (1.50%) Apex Code
10 2 (1.50%) Formula Language
10 2 (1.50%) PHP
10 2 (1.50%) SOQL
10 2 (1.50%) SOSL
11 1 (0.75%) Apple Swift
11 1 (0.75%) Go
Qualifications
1 5 (3.76%) Sun Certification
2 4 (3.01%) Degree
2 4 (3.01%) Security Cleared
3 3 (2.26%) CTC Cleared
3 3 (2.26%) OCPJP
4 2 (1.50%) Computer Science Degree
5 1 (0.75%) AWS Certification
5 1 (0.75%) SC Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 2 (1.50%) QA
2 1 (0.75%) GDPR
2 1 (0.75%) PCI DSS
System Software
1 38 (28.57%) Docker
2 2 (1.50%) Active Directory
3 1 (0.75%) NFS
3 1 (0.75%) Shibboleth
3 1 (0.75%) Virtual Machines
3 1 (0.75%) Virtual Servers
3 1 (0.75%) VMware Infrastructure
Systems Management
1 34 (25.56%) Terraform
2 31 (23.31%) Kubernetes
3 20 (15.04%) Ansible
4 5 (3.76%) Puppet
5 3 (2.26%) Opscode Chef
6 1 (0.75%) HAProxy
6 1 (0.75%) Packer
Vendors
1 17 (12.78%) Oracle
2 13 (9.77%) AppDynamics
3 12 (9.02%) TIBCO
4 5 (3.76%) Microsoft
5 3 (2.26%) Confluent
5 3 (2.26%) IBM
5 3 (2.26%) Sun
5 3 (2.26%) Sybase
6 2 (1.50%) Salesforce.com
6 2 (1.50%) Splunk
7 1 (0.75%) Apple
7 1 (0.75%) Cadence
7 1 (0.75%) Google
7 1 (0.75%) hybris
7 1 (0.75%) Kaspersky
7 1 (0.75%) MuleSoft
7 1 (0.75%) Red Hat
7 1 (0.75%) SAP
7 1 (0.75%) TOWER Software
7 1 (0.75%) VMware