Period
to 4 July 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for Spring skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Spring over the 6 months to 4 July 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Pivotal Spring Framework
Central London > City of London
6 months to
4 Jul 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 52 41 60
Rank change year-on-year -11 +19 0
Contract jobs citing Spring 103 319 287
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the City of London 3.76% 4.79% 4.04%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 11.15% 12.85% 10.36%
Number of daily rates quoted 91 258 253
Median daily rate £568 £550 £550
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +3.27% - +10.00%
10th Percentile £421 £425 £419
90th Percentile £638 £688 £638
Central London median daily rate £550 £550 £525
% change year-on-year - +4.76% +5.00%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2 0 0
Median hourly rate £55.00 - -
Central London median hourly rate £55.00 - -

Spring is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
City of London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 924 2,482 2,770
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 33.72% 37.26% 39.00%
Number of daily rates quoted 684 1,994 2,275
Median daily rate £525 £525 £525
10th Percentile £375 £413 £363
90th Percentile £688 £675 £675
Central London median daily rate £525 £525 £513
% change year-on-year - +2.44% +3.02%
Number of hourly rates quoted 10 11 15
Median hourly rate £35.00 £44.57 £21.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -21.46% +107.28% -13.52%
10th Percentile £31.83 £22.25 £21.00
90th Percentile £57.88 £60.75 £55.00
Median hourly rate £35.00 £46.85 £22.00
% change year-on-year -25.29% +112.94% -11.50%

Spring
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing Spring as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for Spring in the City of London

Spring
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Spring in the City of London.

Daily rate trend for Spring in the City of London

Spring
Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Spring in the City of London over the 6 months to 4 July 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Spring in the City of London

Spring
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Spring in the City of London.

Hourly rate trend for Spring in the City of London

For the 6 months to 4 July 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Spring also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for Spring.

1 92 (89.32%) Java
2 61 (59.22%) Microservices
3 58 (56.31%) Agile Software Development
4 42 (40.78%) TDD
5 41 (39.81%) Spring Boot
6 31 (30.10%) Docker
7 29 (28.16%) Kafka
8 26 (25.24%) Java 8
9 25 (24.27%) AWS
10 24 (23.30%) Finance
10 24 (23.30%) Kubernetes
11 23 (22.33%) RESTful
12 21 (20.39%) BDD
13 20 (19.42%) Kotlin
14 18 (17.48%) SDLC
15 17 (16.50%) REST
16 16 (15.53%) Azure
16 16 (15.53%) SQL
17 14 (13.59%) JUnit
17 14 (13.59%) Maven
17 14 (13.59%) Continuous Integration
17 14 (13.59%) AngularJS
17 14 (13.59%) GCP
18 13 (12.62%) Gradle
18 13 (12.62%) NoSQL
19 12 (11.65%) DevOps
19 12 (11.65%) Pair Programming
19 12 (11.65%) Linux
19 12 (11.65%) SSL
19 12 (11.65%) Apache Spark

Spring
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 12 (11.65%) Apache Spark
2 10 (9.71%) Elasticsearch
3 4 (3.88%) Apache
3 4 (3.88%) Confluence
4 3 (2.91%) WebLogic
5 2 (1.94%) Cloud Foundry
5 2 (1.94%) Tomcat
6 1 (0.97%) Anypoint
6 1 (0.97%) Apache Solr
6 1 (0.97%) CICS
6 1 (0.97%) Mule
6 1 (0.97%) Mule ESB
6 1 (0.97%) WebSphere
Applications
1 1 (0.97%) Microsoft Office
Business Applications
1 1 (0.97%) ION MarketView
Cloud Services
1 25 (24.27%) AWS
2 16 (15.53%) Azure
3 14 (13.59%) GCP
4 4 (3.88%) GitHub
4 4 (3.88%) SaaS
5 1 (0.97%) Cloud Computing
5 1 (0.97%) Google Play
5 1 (0.97%) Heroku
5 1 (0.97%) IaaS
Communications & Networking
1 12 (11.65%) SSL
2 8 (7.77%) HTTPS
3 7 (6.80%) HTTP
4 4 (3.88%) TCP/IP
5 3 (2.91%) DNS
5 3 (2.91%) FTP
6 1 (0.97%) DSL
Database & Business Intelligence
1 13 (12.62%) NoSQL
2 6 (5.83%) MongoDB
2 6 (5.83%) MySQL
2 6 (5.83%) PostgreSQL
3 4 (3.88%) Big Data
4 3 (2.91%) Flink
4 3 (2.91%) Hadoop
4 3 (2.91%) Oracle Database
4 3 (2.91%) Relational Database
5 2 (1.94%) Apache Cassandra
5 2 (1.94%) Oracle Database 12c
5 2 (1.94%) Oracle Exadata
5 2 (1.94%) Parquet
5 2 (1.94%) SQL Server
6 1 (0.97%) Apache Hive
6 1 (0.97%) Couchbase
6 1 (0.97%) DB2
6 1 (0.97%) Hazelcast
6 1 (0.97%) Oracle ODI
6 1 (0.97%) Redis
Development Applications
1 14 (13.59%) JUnit
1 14 (13.59%) Maven
2 13 (12.62%) Gradle
3 10 (9.71%) Git (software)
4 9 (8.74%) Jenkins
4 9 (8.74%) Mockito
5 8 (7.77%) GitLab
6 4 (3.88%) Atlassian Bamboo
6 4 (3.88%) JIRA
7 3 (2.91%) Cucumber
7 3 (2.91%) TeamCity
8 2 (1.94%) Ant
8 2 (1.94%) Bitbucket
8 2 (1.94%) Gatling
8 2 (1.94%) Geb
8 2 (1.94%) Spock
9 1 (0.97%) git-flow
9 1 (0.97%) GoCD
9 1 (0.97%) gulp
9 1 (0.97%) Sonatype Nexus
General
1 24 (23.30%) Finance
2 11 (10.68%) Banking
3 9 (8.74%) Front Office
4 8 (7.77%) Games
5 7 (6.80%) Investment Banking
5 7 (6.80%) Retail
6 4 (3.88%) Financial Institution
7 1 (0.97%) Law
7 1 (0.97%) Public Sector
Job Titles
1 86 (83.50%) Developer
2 70 (67.96%) Java Developer
3 11 (10.68%) AWS Developer
4 9 (8.74%) Full Stack Developer
4 9 (8.74%) Senior Developer
5 6 (5.83%) Senior Java Developer
6 5 (4.85%) Agile Developer
6 5 (4.85%) Agile Java Developer
6 5 (4.85%) Backend Developer
6 5 (4.85%) Java Engineer
7 4 (3.88%) DevOps Developer
8 3 (2.91%) Angular Developer
8 3 (2.91%) Software Engineer
9 2 (1.94%) Architect
9 2 (1.94%) DevOps Engineer
9 2 (1.94%) Java Architect
9 2 (1.94%) Java Scala Developer
9 2 (1.94%) Java Software Engineer
9 2 (1.94%) Scala Developer
9 2 (1.94%) Technical Leader
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 41 (39.81%) Spring Boot
2 29 (28.16%) Kafka
3 23 (22.33%) RESTful
4 17 (16.50%) REST
5 14 (13.59%) AngularJS
6 12 (11.65%) Spring Cloud
7 11 (10.68%) Guice
8 10 (9.71%) Web Services
9 9 (8.74%) React
10 8 (7.77%) JAAS
10 8 (7.77%) Spring Security
11 7 (6.80%) Hibernate
12 6 (5.83%) GraphQL
12 6 (5.83%) HTML
12 6 (5.83%) J2EE
12 6 (5.83%) SOAP
13 5 (4.85%) CSS
13 5 (4.85%) Lambda Expressions
14 4 (3.88%) HTML5
14 4 (3.88%) OAuth
Miscellaneous
1 12 (11.65%) Greenfield Project
2 7 (6.80%) Enterprise Software
3 6 (5.83%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
4 5 (4.85%) Derivative
5 4 (3.88%) Analytical Skills
6 3 (2.91%) Credit Risk
6 3 (2.91%) Fixed Income
6 3 (2.91%) Market Risk
7 2 (1.94%) NHS
7 2 (1.94%) Replication
7 2 (1.94%) Self-Motivation
7 2 (1.94%) User Experience
8 1 (0.97%) Algorithms
8 1 (0.97%) Cloud Native
8 1 (0.97%) Credit Derivative
8 1 (0.97%) Data Structures
8 1 (0.97%) Grid Computing
8 1 (0.97%) Interest Rate Derivative
8 1 (0.97%) Mainframe
8 1 (0.97%) Private Cloud
Operating Systems
1 12 (11.65%) Linux
2 3 (2.91%) Unix
3 2 (1.94%) Apple iOS
4 1 (0.97%) Android
4 1 (0.97%) Oracle Linux
4 1 (0.97%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
4 1 (0.97%) Solaris
4 1 (0.97%) Ubuntu
4 1 (0.97%) Windows
4 1 (0.97%) zOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 61 (59.22%) Microservices
2 58 (56.31%) Agile Software Development
3 42 (40.78%) TDD
4 21 (20.39%) BDD
5 18 (17.48%) SDLC
6 14 (13.59%) Continuous Integration
7 12 (11.65%) DevOps
7 12 (11.65%) Fintech
7 12 (11.65%) Pair Programming
8 11 (10.68%) Scrum
8 11 (10.68%) Test Automation
9 10 (9.71%) Continuous Delivery
9 10 (9.71%) Multithreading
9 10 (9.71%) Software Engineering
10 8 (7.77%) AOP
10 8 (7.77%) Dependency Injection
10 8 (7.77%) E-Commerce
11 5 (4.85%) Computer Science
11 5 (4.85%) Continuous Deployment
12 4 (3.88%) Deployment Automation
Programming Languages
1 92 (89.32%) Java
2 26 (25.24%) Java 8
3 20 (19.42%) Kotlin
4 16 (15.53%) SQL
5 9 (8.74%) JavaScript
5 9 (8.74%) Scala
6 6 (5.83%) Python
7 4 (3.88%) C#
7 4 (3.88%) TypeScript
8 2 (1.94%) C
8 2 (1.94%) C++
8 2 (1.94%) PL/SQL
8 2 (1.94%) Shell Script
9 1 (0.97%) COBOL
9 1 (0.97%) Groovy
9 1 (0.97%) Haskell
9 1 (0.97%) JCL
9 1 (0.97%) PHP
9 1 (0.97%) PL/1
9 1 (0.97%) R
Qualifications
1 3 (2.91%) Degree
2 2 (1.94%) Computer Science Degree
3 1 (0.97%) Master's Degree
3 1 (0.97%) Security Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 2 (1.94%) ISO/IEC 20000
2 1 (0.97%) QA
System Software
1 31 (30.10%) Docker
2 2 (1.94%) Oracle RAC
3 1 (0.97%) Active Directory
3 1 (0.97%) Virtual Servers
Systems Management
1 24 (23.30%) Kubernetes
2 4 (3.88%) Ansible
2 4 (3.88%) Prometheus
2 4 (3.88%) Terraform
3 3 (2.91%) Docker Swarm
3 3 (2.91%) Zipkin
4 2 (1.94%) Data Guard
4 2 (1.94%) Oracle RMAN
4 2 (1.94%) Puppet
5 1 (0.97%) Grafana
5 1 (0.97%) Kibana
5 1 (0.97%) logstash
5 1 (0.97%) Opscode Chef
5 1 (0.97%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
Vendors
1 9 (8.74%) Oracle
2 3 (2.91%) Microsoft
2 3 (2.91%) Salesforce.com
3 2 (1.94%) MapR
4 1 (0.97%) CA
4 1 (0.97%) CA Agile Central
4 1 (0.97%) Databricks
4 1 (0.97%) Foundry
4 1 (0.97%) Google
4 1 (0.97%) HP
4 1 (0.97%) ION Trading
4 1 (0.97%) MuleSoft
4 1 (0.97%) Okta
4 1 (0.97%) Red Hat
4 1 (0.97%) TOWER Software