Period
to 19 October 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for Spring skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Spring over the 6 months to 19 October 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Pivotal Spring Framework
Central London > City of London
6 months to
19 Oct 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 37 50 59
Rank change year-on-year +13 +9 -8
Contract jobs citing Spring 210 70 235
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the City of London 5.40% 3.92% 3.96%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 16.15% 13.13% 11.08%
Number of daily rates quoted 175 59 200
10th Percentile £463 £420 £443
25th Percentile £535 £513 £500
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £625 £585 £550
Median % change year-on-year +6.93% +6.27% -
75th Percentile £709 £650 £625
90th Percentile £788 £675 £688
Central London median daily rate £614 £575 £550
% change year-on-year +6.74% +4.55% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 3 0 0
Median hourly rate £35.00 - -
Central London median hourly rate £35.00 - -

Spring is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
City of London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 1,300 533 2,121
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 33.44% 29.86% 35.74%
Number of daily rates quoted 999 425 1,733
10th Percentile £413 £363 £406
25th Percentile £483 £425 £463
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £600 £525 £533
Median % change year-on-year +14.29% -1.50% +1.52%
75th Percentile £675 £613 £618
90th Percentile £750 £688 £688
Central London median daily rate £590 £525 £525
% change year-on-year +12.38% - -
Number of hourly rates quoted 8 4 6
10th Percentile £18.78 £26.28 £31.06
25th Percentile £24.25 £30.44 £41.23
Median hourly rate £35.75 £35.50 £46.85
Median % change year-on-year +0.70% -24.22% +112.94%
75th Percentile £45.25 £38.69 £53.91
90th Percentile £68.43 £39.48 £60.25
Central London median hourly rate £35.00 £35.50 £46.85
% change year-on-year -1.41% -24.22% +112.94%

Spring
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing Spring as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for Spring in the City of London

Spring
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Spring in the City of London.

Daily rate trend for Spring in the City of London

Spring
Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Spring in the City of London over the 6 months to 19 October 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Spring in the City of London

Spring
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Spring in the City of London.

Hourly rate trend for Spring in the City of London

Spring
Hourly Rate Histogram in the City of London

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Spring in the City of London over the 6 months to 19 October 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Spring in the City of London

For the 6 months to 19 October 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Spring also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for Spring.

1 186 (88.57%) Java
2 111 (52.86%) Agile Software Development
3 105 (50.00%) Microservices
4 75 (35.71%) Spring Boot
5 68 (32.38%) TDD
6 58 (27.62%) Kubernetes
7 56 (26.67%) Docker
8 55 (26.19%) DevOps
9 51 (24.29%) AWS
10 46 (21.90%) Finance
10 46 (21.90%) Kafka
11 42 (20.00%) RESTful
11 42 (20.00%) Maven
12 38 (18.10%) REST
13 37 (17.62%) Banking
14 36 (17.14%) Scrum
15 35 (16.67%) Git (software)
16 33 (15.71%) SQL
17 29 (13.81%) JavaScript
17 29 (13.81%) Java 8
18 28 (13.33%) Cucumber
18 28 (13.33%) React
18 28 (13.33%) Oracle
19 26 (12.38%) Greenfield Project
20 25 (11.90%) Terraform
20 25 (11.90%) AngularJS
20 25 (11.90%) Python
20 25 (11.90%) Full Stack Development
21 24 (11.43%) Jenkins
22 23 (10.95%) BDD

Spring
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 11 (5.24%) Confluence
2 8 (3.81%) Apache Spark
3 5 (2.38%) Apache
4 4 (1.90%) WebLogic
5 3 (1.43%) CMS
5 3 (1.43%) FileNet
5 3 (1.43%) JBoss
5 3 (1.43%) Red Hat Fuse
5 3 (1.43%) WebSphere
6 2 (0.95%) nginx
6 2 (0.95%) Oracle Coherence
7 1 (0.48%) Cloud Foundry
7 1 (0.48%) Elasticsearch
7 1 (0.48%) IIS
7 1 (0.48%) Mule
7 1 (0.48%) Mule ESB
7 1 (0.48%) Oracle SOA Suite
7 1 (0.48%) Tomcat
Applications
1 1 (0.48%) Microsoft Office
Business Applications
1 1 (0.48%) Magento
1 1 (0.48%) Payment Gateway
1 1 (0.48%) TIBCO iProcess
Cloud Services
1 51 (24.29%) AWS
2 17 (8.10%) Azure
3 15 (7.14%) GCP
4 6 (2.86%) GitHub
5 5 (2.38%) Amazon S3
5 5 (2.38%) Serverless
6 4 (1.90%) Amazon EC2
6 4 (1.90%) AWS Lambda
7 3 (1.43%) Amazon Kinesis
7 3 (1.43%) Amazon SQS
7 3 (1.43%) AWS CloudFormation
7 3 (1.43%) SaaS
8 2 (0.95%) Amazon ECS
8 2 (0.95%) AWS Step Functions
8 2 (0.95%) Cloud Computing
8 2 (0.95%) IaaS
8 2 (0.95%) Kong
9 1 (0.48%) Amplience
9 1 (0.48%) Azure Cosmos DB
9 1 (0.48%) Stripe
Communications & Networking
1 3 (1.43%) HTTP
2 1 (0.48%) AMQP
2 1 (0.48%) DNS
2 1 (0.48%) DSL
2 1 (0.48%) Firewall
2 1 (0.48%) NAS
2 1 (0.48%) SAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 17 (8.10%) NoSQL
1 17 (8.10%) SQL Server
2 16 (7.62%) MySQL
3 13 (6.19%) MongoDB
3 13 (6.19%) PostgreSQL
3 13 (6.19%) Relational Database
4 12 (5.71%) Hazelcast
5 8 (3.81%) Redis
6 7 (3.33%) Oracle Database
7 6 (2.86%) Big Data
8 5 (2.38%) Apache Cassandra
8 5 (2.38%) Data Warehouse
8 5 (2.38%) Hadoop
8 5 (2.38%) RDBMS
9 2 (0.95%) Amazon DynamoDB
9 2 (0.95%) Amazon Redshift
9 2 (0.95%) BigQuery
9 2 (0.95%) Couchbase
9 2 (0.95%) Looker
9 2 (0.95%) Spark SQL
Development Applications
1 42 (20.00%) Maven
2 35 (16.67%) Git (software)
3 28 (13.33%) Cucumber
4 24 (11.43%) Jenkins
5 23 (10.95%) JIRA
6 17 (8.10%) JUnit
7 9 (4.29%) Mockito
8 8 (3.81%) Atlassian Bamboo
9 6 (2.86%) Selenium
10 5 (2.38%) GitLab
10 5 (2.38%) Gradle
11 4 (1.90%) Subversion
12 3 (1.43%) Bitbucket
12 3 (1.43%) IBM UrbanCode
12 3 (1.43%) Jasmine
12 3 (1.43%) JMeter
12 3 (1.43%) REST Assured
12 3 (1.43%) TeamCity
13 2 (0.95%) Protractor
13 2 (0.95%) Robot Framework
General
1 46 (21.90%) Finance
2 37 (17.62%) Banking
3 18 (8.57%) Front Office
4 16 (7.62%) Games
4 16 (7.62%) Social Skills
5 13 (6.19%) Investment Banking
6 10 (4.76%) Analytical Skills
7 6 (2.86%) Retail
8 4 (1.90%) Legal
9 3 (1.43%) Advertising
9 3 (1.43%) Financial Institution
9 3 (1.43%) Retail Banking
10 2 (0.95%) Automotive
10 2 (0.95%) Manufacturing
10 2 (0.95%) Presentation Skills
11 1 (0.48%) Documentation Skills
11 1 (0.48%) Marketing
11 1 (0.48%) Multimedia
11 1 (0.48%) Prime Brokerage
11 1 (0.48%) Telecoms
Job Titles
1 146 (69.52%) Developer
2 113 (53.81%) Java Developer
3 28 (13.33%) Java Engineer
4 11 (5.24%) Full Stack Developer
5 10 (4.76%) DevOps Engineer
5 10 (4.76%) Front Office Developer
6 9 (4.29%) AWS Developer
7 8 (3.81%) Architect
8 7 (3.33%) Agile Developer
8 7 (3.33%) Agile Java Developer
9 6 (2.86%) DevOps Developer
10 5 (2.38%) Data Engineer
10 5 (2.38%) E-Commerce Developer
10 5 (2.38%) Java E-Commerce Developer
10 5 (2.38%) Low Latency Java Developer
10 5 (2.38%) Senior Developer
10 5 (2.38%) Senior Java Developer
10 5 (2.38%) Senior Java Engineer
11 4 (1.90%) Oracle Developer
11 4 (1.90%) Python Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 75 (35.71%) Spring Boot
2 46 (21.90%) Kafka
3 42 (20.00%) RESTful
4 38 (18.10%) REST
5 28 (13.33%) React
6 25 (11.90%) AngularJS
7 21 (10.00%) Hibernate
8 20 (9.52%) HTML
9 19 (9.05%) Vert.x
10 17 (8.10%) GraphQL
11 15 (7.14%) Node.js
11 15 (7.14%) Web Services
12 14 (6.67%) JMS
13 13 (6.19%) CSS
14 11 (5.24%) JSON
15 10 (4.76%) Middleware
15 10 (4.76%) XML
16 9 (4.29%) HTML5
17 8 (3.81%) J2EE
18 7 (3.33%) .NET
Miscellaneous
1 26 (12.38%) Greenfield Project
2 19 (9.05%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
3 13 (6.19%) Fixed Income
4 11 (5.24%) Enterprise Software
5 10 (4.76%) Data Structures
6 6 (2.86%) Self-Motivation
7 5 (2.38%) Equities
7 5 (2.38%) Public Cloud
8 4 (1.90%) Derivative
9 3 (1.43%) Algorithms
9 3 (1.43%) Credit Risk
9 3 (1.43%) Hybrid Cloud
9 3 (1.43%) Mobile App
9 3 (1.43%) User Experience
10 2 (0.95%) Clustering
10 2 (0.95%) Interest Rate Derivative
10 2 (0.95%) Legacy Systems
10 2 (0.95%) Reference Data
11 1 (0.48%) Grid Computing
11 1 (0.48%) Mainframe
Operating Systems
1 9 (4.29%) Unix
2 8 (3.81%) Linux
3 2 (0.95%) Android
3 2 (0.95%) Windows
4 1 (0.48%) Apple iOS
4 1 (0.48%) Mesosphere
4 1 (0.48%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 111 (52.86%) Agile Software Development
2 105 (50.00%) Microservices
3 68 (32.38%) TDD
4 55 (26.19%) DevOps
5 36 (17.14%) Scrum
6 25 (11.90%) Full Stack Development
7 23 (10.95%) BDD
8 22 (10.48%) Low Latency
8 22 (10.48%) Software Engineering
9 21 (10.00%) Test Automation
10 20 (9.52%) Continuous Integration
10 20 (9.52%) Multithreading
11 15 (7.14%) Fintech
11 15 (7.14%) Pair Programming
12 14 (6.67%) OO
13 13 (6.19%) E-Commerce
14 12 (5.71%) Electronic Trading
14 12 (5.71%) Kanban
15 11 (5.24%) High Availability
16 10 (4.76%) Problem-Solving
Programming Languages
1 186 (88.57%) Java
2 33 (15.71%) SQL
3 29 (13.81%) Java 8
3 29 (13.81%) JavaScript
4 25 (11.90%) Python
5 21 (10.00%) Kotlin
6 17 (8.10%) Java 11
7 10 (4.76%) Scala
8 7 (3.33%) TypeScript
9 5 (2.38%) PL/SQL
10 4 (1.90%) C#
10 4 (1.90%) Ruby
11 3 (1.43%) PHP
12 2 (0.95%) C
12 2 (0.95%) Go
12 2 (0.95%) Groovy
12 2 (0.95%) Perl
12 2 (0.95%) Shell Script
13 1 (0.48%) Bourne shell
13 1 (0.48%) PowerShell
Qualifications
1 5 (2.38%) Degree
1 5 (2.38%) Sun Certification
2 4 (1.90%) Security Cleared
3 3 (1.43%) OCPJP
4 2 (0.95%) Computer Science Degree
4 2 (0.95%) SC Cleared
5 1 (0.48%) CTC Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 4 (1.90%) QA
2 3 (1.43%) PMO
3 1 (0.48%) Accessibility
3 1 (0.48%) Data Quality
3 1 (0.48%) GDPR
3 1 (0.48%) PCI DSS
System Software
1 56 (26.67%) Docker
2 2 (0.95%) Active Directory
3 1 (0.48%) HDFS
3 1 (0.48%) NFS
3 1 (0.48%) Platform Symphony
3 1 (0.48%) RACF
3 1 (0.48%) Virtual Servers
3 1 (0.48%) VMware Infrastructure
Systems Management
1 58 (27.62%) Kubernetes
2 25 (11.90%) Terraform
3 13 (6.19%) Ansible
4 3 (1.43%) Puppet
5 2 (0.95%) Opscode Chef
6 1 (0.48%) Kibana
6 1 (0.48%) logstash
6 1 (0.48%) Packer
Vendors
1 28 (13.33%) Oracle
2 6 (2.86%) Google
3 4 (1.90%) Solace
3 4 (1.90%) Splunk
4 3 (1.43%) hybris
4 3 (1.43%) IBM
4 3 (1.43%) Perforce
4 3 (1.43%) Sun
5 2 (0.95%) AppDynamics
5 2 (0.95%) Atlassian
5 2 (0.95%) Confluent
5 2 (0.95%) Dynatrace
5 2 (0.95%) Microsoft
5 2 (0.95%) SAP
5 2 (0.95%) Sybase
5 2 (0.95%) TIBCO
6 1 (0.48%) Alteryx
6 1 (0.48%) Databricks
6 1 (0.48%) MuleSoft
6 1 (0.48%) WorldPay