Period
to 1 October 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for Spring skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Spring over the 6 months to 1 October 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Pivotal Spring Framework
Central London > City of London
6 months to
1 Oct 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 52 57 52
Rank change year-on-year +5 -5 +10
Contract jobs citing Spring 70 253 316
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the City of London 3.89% 4.10% 4.56%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 13.06% 11.43% 11.25%
Number of daily rates quoted 63 222 278
Median daily rate £575 £550 £550
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +4.55% - +10.00%
10th Percentile £375 £451 £413
90th Percentile £650 £688 £658
Central London median daily rate £568 £550 £550
% change year-on-year +3.27% - +10.00%
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 0 0
Median hourly rate - - -
Central London median hourly rate - - -

Spring is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
City of London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 536 2,214 2,809
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 29.79% 35.87% 40.52%
Number of daily rates quoted 398 1,797 2,335
Median daily rate £525 £533 £525
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -1.50% +1.52% +5.00%
10th Percentile £363 £406 £381
90th Percentile £688 £675 £675
Central London median daily rate £525 £525 £525
Number of hourly rates quoted 7 7 8
Median hourly rate £35.00 £44.57 £32.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -21.46% +39.27% +31.36%
10th Percentile £29.05 £21.85 £19.14
90th Percentile £43.10 £57.60 £73.98
Median hourly rate £35.00 £44.57 £32.00
% change year-on-year -21.46% +39.27% +48.84%

Spring
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing Spring as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for Spring in the City of London

Spring
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Spring in the City of London.

Daily rate trend for Spring in the City of London

Spring
Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Spring in the City of London over the 6 months to 1 October 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Spring in the City of London

Spring
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Spring in the City of London.

Hourly rate trend for Spring in the City of London

For the 6 months to 1 October 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Spring also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for Spring.

1 63 (90.00%) Java
2 44 (62.86%) Microservices
3 40 (57.14%) Agile Software Development
4 28 (40.00%) TDD
5 25 (35.71%) Java 8
6 23 (32.86%) Spring Boot
7 20 (28.57%) Continuous Integration
7 20 (28.57%) RESTful
7 20 (28.57%) Docker
8 18 (25.71%) Kafka
8 18 (25.71%) REST
8 18 (25.71%) Finance
9 17 (24.29%) Scrum
9 17 (24.29%) Maven
9 17 (24.29%) Jenkins
9 17 (24.29%) AWS
10 16 (22.86%) Linux
10 16 (22.86%) Kubernetes
11 15 (21.43%) SQL
11 15 (21.43%) Banking
11 15 (21.43%) Azure
12 13 (18.57%) Spring Security
12 13 (18.57%) NoSQL
12 13 (18.57%) Continuous Delivery
13 12 (17.14%) Test Automation
13 12 (17.14%) Software Engineering
13 12 (17.14%) JMS
14 11 (15.71%) OO
14 11 (15.71%) Web Services
14 11 (15.71%) Oracle

Spring
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 5 (7.14%) Red Hat Fuse
2 4 (5.71%) Apache Spark
3 3 (4.29%) Apache
3 3 (4.29%) Confluence
3 3 (4.29%) Elasticsearch
4 2 (2.86%) JBoss
5 1 (1.43%) Apache Solr
5 1 (1.43%) CICS
5 1 (1.43%) Mule
Business Applications
1 1 (1.43%) Dynamics CRM
1 1 (1.43%) ION MarketView
1 1 (1.43%) Temenos T24
Cloud Services
1 17 (24.29%) AWS
2 15 (21.43%) Azure
3 10 (14.29%) GCP
4 4 (5.71%) GitHub
5 3 (4.29%) PaaS
5 3 (4.29%) SaaS
6 2 (2.86%) Amazon EC2
6 2 (2.86%) Amazon ECS
6 2 (2.86%) IaaS
7 1 (1.43%) Amazon CloudWatch
7 1 (1.43%) Amazon ElastiCache
7 1 (1.43%) Amazon Kinesis
7 1 (1.43%) Amazon S3
7 1 (1.43%) Amazon SQS
7 1 (1.43%) AWS CloudFormation
7 1 (1.43%) AWS Fargate
7 1 (1.43%) Cloud Computing
7 1 (1.43%) Kong
7 1 (1.43%) Serverless
7 1 (1.43%) Virtual Private Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 9 (12.86%) SSL
2 8 (11.43%) HTTPS
3 3 (4.29%) HTTP
3 3 (4.29%) Internet
4 2 (2.86%) AMQP
5 1 (1.43%) DNS
5 1 (1.43%) FTP
5 1 (1.43%) TCP/IP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 13 (18.57%) NoSQL
2 10 (14.29%) Relational Database
3 6 (8.57%) MongoDB
4 5 (7.14%) Data Warehouse
4 5 (7.14%) MySQL
5 4 (5.71%) Oracle Database
5 4 (5.71%) Oracle Database 11g
5 4 (5.71%) PostgreSQL
6 3 (4.29%) SQL Server
7 2 (2.86%) Apache Cassandra
7 2 (2.86%) Flink
7 2 (2.86%) Hazelcast
7 2 (2.86%) RDBMS
8 1 (1.43%) Big Data
8 1 (1.43%) Couchbase
8 1 (1.43%) DB2
Development Applications
1 17 (24.29%) Jenkins
1 17 (24.29%) Maven
2 9 (12.86%) Git (software)
2 9 (12.86%) JUnit
3 8 (11.43%) Gradle
4 5 (7.14%) Mockito
5 4 (5.71%) GitLab
5 4 (5.71%) Hudson
5 4 (5.71%) JIRA
6 3 (4.29%) Atlassian Bamboo
6 3 (4.29%) Sonatype Nexus
7 2 (2.86%) Bitbucket
7 2 (2.86%) Cucumber
7 2 (2.86%) FishEye
7 2 (2.86%) jMock
7 2 (2.86%) Selenium
7 2 (2.86%) SonarQube
7 2 (2.86%) Subversion
7 2 (2.86%) TeamCity
8 1 (1.43%) webpack
General
1 18 (25.71%) Finance
2 15 (21.43%) Banking
3 8 (11.43%) Front Office
4 6 (8.57%) Investment Banking
5 5 (7.14%) Games
6 4 (5.71%) Retail
7 1 (1.43%) Financial Institution
7 1 (1.43%) French Language
7 1 (1.43%) Public Sector
7 1 (1.43%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 57 (81.43%) Developer
2 38 (54.29%) Java Developer
3 8 (11.43%) AWS Developer
4 6 (8.57%) Java Engineer
4 6 (8.57%) Senior Developer
4 6 (8.57%) Software Engineer
5 5 (7.14%) Architect
5 5 (7.14%) Full Stack Developer
6 4 (5.71%) Backend Developer
6 4 (5.71%) Developer/Software Engineer
6 4 (5.71%) Java Architect
6 4 (5.71%) Senior Java Developer
6 4 (5.71%) Software Developer
7 3 (4.29%) Data Engineer
7 3 (4.29%) Development Engineer
7 3 (4.29%) Java Software Engineer
7 3 (4.29%) Solutions Architect
8 2 (2.86%) Azure Engineer
8 2 (2.86%) Grid Developer
8 2 (2.86%) Grid Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 23 (32.86%) Spring Boot
2 20 (28.57%) RESTful
3 18 (25.71%) Kafka
3 18 (25.71%) REST
4 13 (18.57%) Spring Security
5 12 (17.14%) JMS
6 11 (15.71%) Web Services
7 9 (12.86%) AngularJS
7 9 (12.86%) Guice
8 8 (11.43%) Hibernate
8 8 (11.43%) JAAS
9 6 (8.57%) Apache Camel
9 6 (8.57%) HTML
9 6 (8.57%) React
10 5 (7.14%) GraphQL
10 5 (7.14%) HTML5
10 5 (7.14%) Middleware
11 4 (5.71%) Node.js
11 4 (5.71%) RabbitMQ
12 3 (4.29%) OSGi
Miscellaneous
1 6 (8.57%) Fixed Income
1 6 (8.57%) Greenfield Project
2 4 (5.71%) Clustering
2 4 (5.71%) Enterprise Software
2 4 (5.71%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
3 3 (4.29%) Derivative
4 2 (2.86%) Data Centre
4 2 (2.86%) Public Cloud
5 1 (1.43%) Algorithms
5 1 (1.43%) Analytical Skills
5 1 (1.43%) AS400
5 1 (1.43%) CCTV
5 1 (1.43%) Credit Derivative
5 1 (1.43%) Credit Risk
5 1 (1.43%) Data Structures
5 1 (1.43%) Equity Derivative
5 1 (1.43%) Grid Computing
5 1 (1.43%) Interest Rate Derivative
5 1 (1.43%) Mainframe
5 1 (1.43%) Market Risk
Operating Systems
1 16 (22.86%) Linux
2 2 (2.86%) Unix
2 2 (2.86%) Windows
3 1 (1.43%) zOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 44 (62.86%) Microservices
2 40 (57.14%) Agile Software Development
3 28 (40.00%) TDD
4 20 (28.57%) Continuous Integration
5 17 (24.29%) Scrum
6 13 (18.57%) Continuous Delivery
7 12 (17.14%) Software Engineering
7 12 (17.14%) Test Automation
8 11 (15.71%) BDD
8 11 (15.71%) OO
8 11 (15.71%) SDLC
9 8 (11.43%) AOP
9 8 (11.43%) Dependency Injection
9 8 (11.43%) Open Source
10 7 (10.00%) Multithreading
11 6 (8.57%) DevOps
11 6 (8.57%) Unit Testing
12 5 (7.14%) Fintech
12 5 (7.14%) Pair Programming
13 4 (5.71%) Web Development
Programming Languages
1 63 (90.00%) Java
2 25 (35.71%) Java 8
3 15 (21.43%) SQL
4 11 (15.71%) Kotlin
5 9 (12.86%) JavaScript
6 7 (10.00%) Python
7 4 (5.71%) PL/SQL
7 4 (5.71%) Scala
8 3 (4.29%) Shell Script
9 2 (2.86%) C#
9 2 (2.86%) TypeScript
10 1 (1.43%) Bash Shell
10 1 (1.43%) C++
10 1 (1.43%) COBOL
10 1 (1.43%) Groovy
10 1 (1.43%) JCL
10 1 (1.43%) PL/1
10 1 (1.43%) R
Qualifications
1 4 (5.71%) Security Cleared
2 2 (2.86%) DV Cleared
3 1 (1.43%) AWS Certification
3 1 (1.43%) Computer Science Degree
3 1 (1.43%) Degree
3 1 (1.43%) SC Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 1 (1.43%) MiFID
1 1 (1.43%) QA
System Software
1 20 (28.57%) Docker
Systems Management
1 16 (22.86%) Kubernetes
2 4 (5.71%) Prometheus
2 4 (5.71%) Terraform
3 3 (4.29%) Zipkin
4 2 (2.86%) Ansible
4 2 (2.86%) Rundeck
5 1 (1.43%) Docker Swarm
5 1 (1.43%) Grafana
5 1 (1.43%) Opscode Chef
5 1 (1.43%) Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 11 (15.71%) Oracle
2 4 (5.71%) Microsoft
3 3 (4.29%) Splunk
4 2 (2.86%) Atlassian
4 2 (2.86%) Murex
4 2 (2.86%) Salesforce.com
4 2 (2.86%) Sybase
5 1 (1.43%) CheckPoint
5 1 (1.43%) Databricks
5 1 (1.43%) Dynatrace
5 1 (1.43%) ION Trading