Period
to 16 January 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for Spring skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Spring over the 6 months to 16 January 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Pivotal Spring Framework
Central London > City of London
6 months to
16 Jan 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 31 58 45
Rank change year-on-year +27 -13 +13
Contract jobs citing Spring 122 181 349
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the City of London 5.97% 3.63% 5.13%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 19.46% 10.60% 13.04%
Number of daily rates quoted 126 160 302
Median daily rate £585 £550 £550
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +6.27% - +7.32%
10th Percentile £384 £425 £425
90th Percentile £688 £676 £675
Central London median daily rate £580 £550 £550
% change year-on-year +5.41% - +7.32%
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 0 0
Median hourly rate - - -
Central London median hourly rate - - -

Spring is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
City of London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 627 1,707 2,676
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 30.68% 34.26% 39.35%
Number of daily rates quoted 486 1,414 2,242
Median daily rate £550 £525 £525
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +4.76% - +2.44%
10th Percentile £363 £388 £408
90th Percentile £688 £675 £675
Central London median daily rate £550 £525 £525
% change year-on-year +4.76% - +5.00%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2 4 2
Median hourly rate £29.50 £38.50 £16.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -23.38% +133.33% -39.09%
10th Percentile £19.55 £24.50 £14.45
90th Percentile £38.25 £62.15 £18.95
Median hourly rate £39.00 £52.00 £16.50
% change year-on-year -25.00% +215.15% -23.26%

Spring
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing Spring as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for Spring in the City of London

Spring
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Spring in the City of London.

Daily rate trend for Spring in the City of London

Spring
Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Spring in the City of London over the 6 months to 16 January 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Spring in the City of London

Spring
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Spring in the City of London.

Hourly rate trend for Spring in the City of London

For the 6 months to 16 January 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Spring also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for Spring.

1 109 (89.34%) Java
2 68 (55.74%) Agile Software Development
3 65 (53.28%) Microservices
4 55 (45.08%) Spring Boot
5 49 (40.16%) Java 8
6 43 (35.25%) TDD
7 40 (32.79%) Banking
8 36 (29.51%) Kubernetes
8 36 (29.51%) Jenkins
9 35 (28.69%) Docker
10 34 (27.87%) REST
11 33 (27.05%) Kafka
12 32 (26.23%) Finance
13 29 (23.77%) Maven
14 28 (22.95%) JavaScript
14 28 (22.95%) AWS
15 27 (22.13%) Oracle
16 24 (19.67%) Linux
17 23 (18.85%) AngularJS
18 22 (18.03%) Scrum
18 22 (18.03%) Continuous Integration
19 21 (17.21%) Hibernate
19 21 (17.21%) HTML
20 20 (16.39%) OO
20 20 (16.39%) Relational Database
21 19 (15.57%) SQL
21 19 (15.57%) Software Engineering
21 19 (15.57%) Multithreading
21 19 (15.57%) RESTful
22 18 (14.75%) BDD

Spring
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 11 (9.02%) Red Hat Fuse
2 7 (5.74%) Apache
3 6 (4.92%) Elasticsearch
4 4 (3.28%) Mule
5 3 (2.46%) Camunda
5 3 (2.46%) Confluence
5 3 (2.46%) JBoss
5 3 (2.46%) Oracle Coherence
6 2 (1.64%) Apache Airflow
6 2 (1.64%) Apache Spark
6 2 (1.64%) Jupyter
7 1 (0.82%) Cloud Foundry
7 1 (0.82%) CMS
7 1 (0.82%) WebLogic
7 1 (0.82%) WebSphere
Business Applications
1 1 (0.82%) Dynamics CRM
1 1 (0.82%) Temenos T24
Cloud Services
1 28 (22.95%) AWS
2 14 (11.48%) Azure
3 11 (9.02%) PaaS
4 10 (8.20%) SaaS
5 7 (5.74%) Amazon EC2
5 7 (5.74%) Amazon Kinesis
6 6 (4.92%) AWS CloudFormation
6 6 (4.92%) GCP
6 6 (4.92%) Serverless
7 5 (4.10%) Amazon ECS
7 5 (4.10%) Amazon ElastiCache
8 4 (3.28%) IaaS
9 3 (2.46%) Amazon S3
9 3 (2.46%) Amazon SQS
9 3 (2.46%) Apigee
9 3 (2.46%) GitHub
9 3 (2.46%) OpenShift
9 3 (2.46%) Virtual Private Cloud
10 1 (0.82%) Amazon CloudWatch
10 1 (0.82%) Azure Functions
Communications & Networking
1 9 (7.38%) Internet
2 6 (4.92%) HTTP
3 4 (3.28%) SSL
4 3 (2.46%) DNS
4 3 (2.46%) FTP
4 3 (2.46%) TCP/IP
5 2 (1.64%) AMQP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 20 (16.39%) Relational Database
2 11 (9.02%) Oracle Database
3 10 (8.20%) MongoDB
3 10 (8.20%) MySQL
3 10 (8.20%) PostgreSQL
4 8 (6.56%) RDBMS
4 8 (6.56%) SQL Server
5 7 (5.74%) Data Warehouse
6 6 (4.92%) NoSQL
7 5 (4.10%) Oracle Database 11g
8 4 (3.28%) Hazelcast
9 2 (1.64%) Apache Cassandra
9 2 (1.64%) Apache Hive
9 2 (1.64%) Big Data
9 2 (1.64%) Cloud Spanner
9 2 (1.64%) Data Lake
9 2 (1.64%) Parquet
9 2 (1.64%) Redis
9 2 (1.64%) Snowflake Schema
10 1 (0.82%) Flink
Development Applications
1 36 (29.51%) Jenkins
2 29 (23.77%) Maven
3 18 (14.75%) JUnit
4 15 (12.30%) Git (software)
5 10 (8.20%) Gradle
6 9 (7.38%) Mockito
7 6 (4.92%) Atlassian Bamboo
8 5 (4.10%) Cucumber
8 5 (4.10%) Gatling
8 5 (4.10%) GitLab
8 5 (4.10%) Hudson
8 5 (4.10%) JIRA
9 4 (3.28%) Bitbucket
9 4 (3.28%) Subversion
10 3 (2.46%) FishEye
10 3 (2.46%) Geb
10 3 (2.46%) JMeter
10 3 (2.46%) jMock
10 3 (2.46%) Mocha
10 3 (2.46%) Spock
General
1 40 (32.79%) Banking
2 32 (26.23%) Finance
3 14 (11.48%) Investment Banking
4 13 (10.66%) Front Office
5 5 (4.10%) Games
6 4 (3.28%) Retail
7 2 (1.64%) Advertising
7 2 (1.64%) Back Office
8 1 (0.82%) Financial Institution
8 1 (0.82%) French Language
8 1 (0.82%) Public Sector
8 1 (0.82%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 107 (87.70%) Developer
2 81 (66.39%) Java Developer
3 16 (13.11%) Senior Developer
4 13 (10.66%) AWS Developer
5 12 (9.84%) Senior Java Developer
6 8 (6.56%) Full Stack Developer
7 7 (5.74%) Java Engineer
8 6 (4.92%) Applications Developer
8 6 (4.92%) Architect
8 6 (4.92%) Software Developer
8 6 (4.92%) Software Engineer
9 5 (4.10%) Backend Developer
9 5 (4.10%) Data Engineer
9 5 (4.10%) Developer/Software Engineer
9 5 (4.10%) SC Cleared Java Developer
9 5 (4.10%) Solutions Architect
10 4 (3.28%) DevOps Developer
10 4 (3.28%) Integration Developer
10 4 (3.28%) Java Software Engineer
10 4 (3.28%) Oracle Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 55 (45.08%) Spring Boot
2 34 (27.87%) REST
3 33 (27.05%) Kafka
4 23 (18.85%) AngularJS
5 21 (17.21%) Hibernate
5 21 (17.21%) HTML
6 19 (15.57%) RESTful
7 18 (14.75%) JMS
8 17 (13.93%) HTML5
8 17 (13.93%) Web Services
9 14 (11.48%) Apache Camel
10 13 (10.66%) React
11 11 (9.02%) Middleware
11 11 (9.02%) Node.js
11 11 (9.02%) XML
12 10 (8.20%) JDBC
13 7 (5.74%) Ajax
13 7 (5.74%) JSF
13 7 (5.74%) OSGi
13 7 (5.74%) Spring Integration
Miscellaneous
1 12 (9.84%) Clustering
1 12 (9.84%) Enterprise Software
2 10 (8.20%) Fixed Income
3 8 (6.56%) Data Structures
4 7 (5.74%) Public Cloud
5 6 (4.92%) Credit Risk
5 6 (4.92%) Grid Computing
5 6 (4.92%) Market Risk
6 5 (4.10%) Algorithms
6 5 (4.10%) Data Centre
6 5 (4.10%) Derivative
6 5 (4.10%) Equity Derivative
6 5 (4.10%) Self-Motivation
7 4 (3.28%) Greenfield Project
8 3 (2.46%) Analytical Skills
9 2 (1.64%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
9 2 (1.64%) Mobile App
10 1 (0.82%) Management Information System
10 1 (0.82%) Mobile Payment
10 1 (0.82%) N-Tier
Operating Systems
1 24 (19.67%) Linux
2 11 (9.02%) Unix
3 3 (2.46%) Windows
Processes & Methodologies
1 68 (55.74%) Agile Software Development
2 65 (53.28%) Microservices
3 43 (35.25%) TDD
4 22 (18.03%) Continuous Integration
4 22 (18.03%) Scrum
5 20 (16.39%) OO
6 19 (15.57%) Multithreading
6 19 (15.57%) Software Engineering
7 18 (14.75%) BDD
8 15 (12.30%) DevOps
8 15 (12.30%) Open Source
8 15 (12.30%) Performance Tuning
8 15 (12.30%) Unit Testing
9 14 (11.48%) Web Development
10 12 (9.84%) High Availability
10 12 (9.84%) Scalability Testing
11 9 (7.38%) Multithreaded Programming
12 8 (6.56%) Continuous Delivery
12 8 (6.56%) Data Analysis
12 8 (6.56%) Low Latency
Programming Languages
1 109 (89.34%) Java
2 49 (40.16%) Java 8
3 28 (22.95%) JavaScript
4 19 (15.57%) SQL
5 13 (10.66%) Python
6 10 (8.20%) PL/SQL
7 8 (6.56%) Kotlin
8 5 (4.10%) TypeScript
9 4 (3.28%) C#
9 4 (3.28%) Go
10 3 (2.46%) ES6
10 3 (2.46%) Scala
11 2 (1.64%) Haskell
12 1 (0.82%) Bash Shell
12 1 (0.82%) C++
12 1 (0.82%) PowerShell
12 1 (0.82%) Ruby
12 1 (0.82%) Shell Script
Qualifications
1 12 (9.84%) Security Cleared
2 10 (8.20%) SC Cleared
3 3 (2.46%) AWS Certification
3 3 (2.46%) Degree
4 2 (1.64%) Computer Science Degree
4 2 (1.64%) DV Cleared
5 1 (0.82%) CTC Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 3 (2.46%) MiFID
System Software
1 35 (28.69%) Docker
2 1 (0.82%) Virtual Machines
2 1 (0.82%) VMware Infrastructure
2 1 (0.82%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 36 (29.51%) Kubernetes
2 8 (6.56%) Terraform
3 7 (5.74%) Ansible
4 3 (2.46%) Docker Swarm
4 3 (2.46%) Opscode Chef
4 3 (2.46%) Prometheus
5 2 (1.64%) Grafana
5 2 (1.64%) Rundeck
5 2 (1.64%) Single Sign-On
6 1 (0.82%) Puppet
6 1 (0.82%) Salt
6 1 (0.82%) vRealize
Vendors
1 27 (22.13%) Oracle
2 8 (6.56%) Microsoft
3 4 (3.28%) Splunk
3 4 (3.28%) Sybase
4 3 (2.46%) Atlassian
4 3 (2.46%) Murex
5 2 (1.64%) Confluent
5 2 (1.64%) Dynatrace
5 2 (1.64%) MuleSoft
5 2 (1.64%) Salesforce.com
6 1 (0.82%) AppDynamics
6 1 (0.82%) Bloomberg
6 1 (0.82%) CheckPoint
6 1 (0.82%) Google
6 1 (0.82%) Red Hat
6 1 (0.82%) ServiceNow
6 1 (0.82%) VMware