Period
to 19 October 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for Spring skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Spring over the 6 months to 19 October 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Pivotal Spring Framework
Central London > City of London
6 months to
19 Oct 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 48 63 95
Rank change year-on-year +15 +32 -14
Contract jobs citing Spring 339 259 165
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 4.84% 3.77% 2.48%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 12.03% 9.84% 6.96%
Number of daily rates quoted 297 216 155
City of London median daily rate £550 £500 £525
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +10.00% -4.76% +5.00%
10th Percentile £425 £348 £381
90th Percentile £650 £638 £588
Central London median daily rate £550 £500 £500
% change year-on-year +10.00% - -
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 0 0
City of London median hourly rate - - -
Central London median hourly rate - - -

Spring is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
City of London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 2,817 2,632 2,369
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 40.24% 38.33% 35.55%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,347 2,177 2,017
City of London median daily rate £525 £505 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +3.96% +6.32% +0.80%
10th Percentile £394 £363 £325
90th Percentile £675 £650 £638
Central London median daily rate £525 £500 £465
% change year-on-year +5.00% +7.53% +3.33%
Number of hourly rates quoted 7 6 4
City of London median hourly rate £32.00 £21.50 £35.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +48.84% -38.57% -3.45%
10th Percentile £18.52 £18.38 £19.00
90th Percentile £77.80 £27.74 £56.31
Central London median hourly rate £33.50 £21.50 £35.00
% change year-on-year +55.81% -38.57% -3.45%

Spring
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing Spring as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for Spring in the City of London

Spring
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Spring in the City of London.

Contractor daily rate trend for Spring in the City of London

Spring
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Spring in the City of London over the 6 months to 19 October 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Spring in the City of London

Spring
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Spring in the City of London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Spring in the City of London

Spring
Contract Job Locations in the City of London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Spring within the City of London region over the 6 months to 19 October 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London Bridge - 24 £575 -
Moorgate - 4 £525 -
Spring
Central London

For the 6 months to 19 October 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Spring also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for Spring.

1 326 (96.17%) Java
2 206 (60.77%) Agile Software Development
3 158 (46.61%) TDD
4 142 (41.89%) Java 8
5 133 (39.23%) Spring Boot
6 125 (36.87%) Microservices
7 122 (35.99%) JavaScript
8 121 (35.69%) REST
9 114 (33.63%) Docker
10 107 (31.56%) Amazon AWS
11 96 (28.32%) BDD
12 90 (26.55%) Hibernate
13 84 (24.78%) Maven
13 84 (24.78%) Kubernetes
14 80 (23.60%) Banking
15 75 (22.12%) AngularJS
16 74 (21.83%) HTML
17 72 (21.24%) Git (software)
18 70 (20.65%) Web Services
19 68 (20.06%) Finance
19 68 (20.06%) RESTful
20 67 (19.76%) DevOps
21 64 (18.88%) JUnit
22 61 (17.99%) Jenkins
23 59 (17.40%) MongoDB
24 58 (17.11%) Unix
25 56 (16.52%) Relational Database
26 55 (16.22%) React
26 55 (16.22%) Continuous Integration
27 54 (15.93%) Scrum

Spring
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 40 (11.80%) Elasticsearch
2 18 (5.31%) Apache Spark
2 18 (5.31%) JBoss
3 15 (4.42%) WebLogic
4 14 (4.13%) Apache
5 12 (3.54%) WordPress
6 8 (2.36%) Tomcat
6 8 (2.36%) WebSphere
7 7 (2.06%) Cloud Foundry
8 6 (1.77%) CMS
8 6 (1.77%) Mule
9 4 (1.18%) nginx
10 3 (0.88%) ArcGIS
10 3 (0.88%) WebSphere Application Server
11 2 (0.59%) Confluence
11 2 (0.59%) GlassFish
11 2 (0.59%) Jetty
12 1 (0.29%) Adobe Experience Manager
12 1 (0.29%) EPiServer
12 1 (0.29%) Oracle Coherence
Applications
1 3 (0.88%) Microsoft Excel
Business Applications
1 3 (0.88%) SAP Hybris
2 2 (0.59%) ION MarketView
3 1 (0.29%) BusinessWorks
3 1 (0.29%) Kondor
3 1 (0.29%) SunGard Martini
Cloud Services
1 107 (31.56%) Amazon AWS
2 21 (6.19%) Heroku
3 19 (5.60%) Microsoft Azure
4 11 (3.24%) PaaS
5 4 (1.18%) Amazon EC2
5 4 (1.18%) Google Cloud Platform
5 4 (1.18%) Serverless
6 3 (0.88%) AWS Lambda
6 3 (0.88%) Runscope
7 2 (0.59%) GitHub
7 2 (0.59%) IaaS
7 2 (0.59%) OpenShift
8 1 (0.29%) Apigee
8 1 (0.29%) npm
8 1 (0.29%) Office 365
8 1 (0.29%) SaaS
8 1 (0.29%) Slack
8 1 (0.29%) Yarn
Communications & Networking
1 34 (10.03%) HTTP
2 30 (8.85%) TCP/IP
3 21 (6.19%) DNS
3 21 (6.19%) FTP
3 21 (6.19%) SSL
4 2 (0.59%) BIG-IP
5 1 (0.29%) Firewall
5 1 (0.29%) Internet
5 1 (0.29%) Intranet
5 1 (0.29%) Network Security
Database & Business Intelligence
1 59 (17.40%) MongoDB
2 56 (16.52%) Relational Database
3 53 (15.63%) NoSQL
4 35 (10.32%) Apache Cassandra
5 27 (7.96%) SQL Server
6 23 (6.78%) RDBMS
7 21 (6.19%) Redis
8 19 (5.60%) MySQL
9 18 (5.31%) PostgreSQL
10 17 (5.01%) Big Data
11 14 (4.13%) Hadoop
12 12 (3.54%) Riak
13 7 (2.06%) Couchbase
14 4 (1.18%) Flink
14 4 (1.18%) KDB
15 3 (0.88%) Oracle Database
16 2 (0.59%) Amazon DynamoDB
16 2 (0.59%) Hazelcast
16 2 (0.59%) HBase
16 2 (0.59%) Neo4j
Development Applications
1 84 (24.78%) Maven
2 72 (21.24%) Git (software)
3 64 (18.88%) JUnit
4 61 (17.99%) Jenkins
5 48 (14.16%) Mockito
6 45 (13.27%) Gradle
7 23 (6.78%) GitLab
8 22 (6.49%) gulp
9 21 (6.19%) Cucumber
10 11 (3.24%) IntelliJ
11 10 (2.95%) Gatling
11 10 (2.95%) Selenium
12 8 (2.36%) Atlassian Bamboo
12 8 (2.36%) Geb
12 8 (2.36%) SoapUI
12 8 (2.36%) Spock
13 7 (2.06%) JIRA
13 7 (2.06%) jMock
14 6 (1.77%) Subversion
15 5 (1.47%) Mocha
General
1 80 (23.60%) Banking
2 68 (20.06%) Finance
3 43 (12.68%) Investment Banking
4 13 (3.83%) Front Office
5 11 (3.24%) Advertising
6 8 (2.36%) Back Office
7 7 (2.06%) Pharmaceutical
7 7 (2.06%) Retail
8 6 (1.77%) Law
8 6 (1.77%) Legal
9 4 (1.18%) Games
10 2 (0.59%) Automotive
10 2 (0.59%) Financial Institution
10 2 (0.59%) Marketing
11 1 (0.29%) Digital Economy
11 1 (0.29%) Publishing
11 1 (0.29%) Russian Language
11 1 (0.29%) Wholesale Banking
Job Titles
1 281 (82.89%) Developer
2 253 (74.63%) Java Developer
3 52 (15.34%) Senior Developer
4 49 (14.45%) Full Stack Developer
4 49 (14.45%) Senior Java Developer
5 25 (7.37%) Agile Developer
5 25 (7.37%) Agile Java Developer
6 20 (5.90%) Lead Developer
7 19 (5.60%) Lead Java Developer
8 18 (5.31%) Technical Leader
9 15 (4.42%) Web Developer
10 14 (4.13%) Java Engineer
11 13 (3.83%) AWS Developer
12 10 (2.95%) Investment Banking Java Developer
12 10 (2.95%) Technical Developer
13 9 (2.65%) Cloud Developer
13 9 (2.65%) Java Web Developer
14 8 (2.36%) Architect
14 8 (2.36%) DevOps Developer
15 7 (2.06%) React Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 133 (39.23%) Spring Boot
2 121 (35.69%) REST
3 90 (26.55%) Hibernate
4 75 (22.12%) AngularJS
5 74 (21.83%) HTML
6 70 (20.65%) Web Services
7 68 (20.06%) RESTful
8 55 (16.22%) React
9 53 (15.63%) CSS
10 40 (11.80%) Kafka
11 36 (10.62%) Dropwizard
12 35 (10.32%) Node.js
12 35 (10.32%) SOAP
13 34 (10.03%) HTML5
14 33 (9.73%) JMS
15 31 (9.14%) Guice
16 28 (8.26%) Middleware
17 26 (7.67%) Redux
18 25 (7.37%) J2EE
19 24 (7.08%) OAuth
Miscellaneous
1 33 (9.73%) Greenfield Project
2 26 (7.67%) Fintech
3 17 (5.01%) Computer Science
4 16 (4.72%) Fixed Income
4 16 (4.72%) User Experience
5 11 (3.24%) iPad
6 9 (2.65%) Derivative
7 7 (2.06%) Equities
8 6 (1.77%) Analytical Skills
8 6 (1.77%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
8 6 (1.77%) Mobile App
8 6 (1.77%) Self-Motivation
9 5 (1.47%) Algorithms
9 5 (1.47%) Digital Wallet
10 4 (1.18%) N-Tier
11 3 (0.88%) Data Structures
11 3 (0.88%) PKI
12 2 (0.59%) Cloud Native
12 2 (0.59%) Enterprise Software
12 2 (0.59%) Mobile Payment
Operating Systems
1 58 (17.11%) Unix
2 44 (12.98%) Linux
3 10 (2.95%) Apple iOS
4 3 (0.88%) VMS
5 1 (0.29%) Android
5 1 (0.29%) Solaris
5 1 (0.29%) Windows
Processes & Methodologies
1 206 (60.77%) Agile Software Development
2 158 (46.61%) TDD
3 125 (36.87%) Microservices
4 96 (28.32%) BDD
5 67 (19.76%) DevOps
6 55 (16.22%) Continuous Integration
7 54 (15.93%) Scrum
8 40 (11.80%) OO
9 37 (10.91%) Software Engineering
10 34 (10.03%) E-Commerce
10 34 (10.03%) Kanban
10 34 (10.03%) Multithreading
11 33 (9.73%) MVC
12 32 (9.44%) Test Automation
13 31 (9.14%) Pair Programming
14 30 (8.85%) Domain-Driven Design
15 26 (7.67%) Open Source
16 22 (6.49%) Unit Testing
17 21 (6.19%) Front End Development
17 21 (6.19%) OWASP
Programming Languages
1 326 (96.17%) Java
2 142 (41.89%) Java 8
3 122 (35.99%) JavaScript
4 49 (14.45%) SQL
5 27 (7.96%) ES6
6 22 (6.49%) TypeScript
7 15 (4.42%) Groovy
8 12 (3.54%) Shell Script
9 10 (2.95%) Scala
10 7 (2.06%) Kotlin
11 6 (1.77%) Bash Shell
11 6 (1.77%) PL/SQL
11 6 (1.77%) Ruby
12 4 (1.18%) ANSI SQL
12 4 (1.18%) Python
13 3 (0.88%) C#
13 3 (0.88%) Perl
13 3 (0.88%) XPath
14 2 (0.59%) VB
15 1 (0.29%) VBA
Qualifications
1 19 (5.60%) Degree
2 16 (4.72%) Computer Science Degree
3 4 (1.18%) SC Cleared
3 4 (1.18%) Security Cleared
4 3 (0.88%) ISTQB
4 3 (0.88%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
4 3 (0.88%) Master's Degree
5 2 (0.59%) OCPJP
5 2 (0.59%) Sun Certification
6 1 (0.29%) DBS Check
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 14 (4.13%) QA
2 12 (3.54%) Disclosure Scotland
System Software
1 114 (33.63%) Docker
2 4 (1.18%) VMware Infrastructure
2 4 (1.18%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 84 (24.78%) Kubernetes
2 22 (6.49%) Terraform
3 21 (6.19%) Docker Swarm
4 16 (4.72%) Ansible
5 10 (2.95%) Prometheus
6 8 (2.36%) Grafana
6 8 (2.36%) Kibana
6 8 (2.36%) logstash
7 6 (1.77%) Opscode Chef
8 5 (1.47%) Puppet
9 4 (1.18%) Control-M
10 3 (0.88%) Graphite
10 3 (0.88%) Packer
10 3 (0.88%) Single Sign-On
11 2 (0.59%) Consul
11 2 (0.59%) ITRS Geneos
11 2 (0.59%) rkt
Vendors
1 23 (6.78%) Oracle
2 16 (4.72%) Salesforce.com
3 12 (3.54%) Splunk
4 11 (3.24%) Sybase
5 9 (2.65%) AppDynamics
5 9 (2.65%) Apple
6 7 (2.06%) Demandware
6 7 (2.06%) TIBCO
7 6 (1.77%) Escenic
8 5 (1.47%) Google
8 5 (1.47%) Microsoft
8 5 (1.47%) MuleSoft
9 4 (1.18%) hybris
9 4 (1.18%) IBM
9 4 (1.18%) Solace
9 4 (1.18%) VMware
10 3 (0.88%) Dynatrace
10 3 (0.88%) New Relic
10 3 (0.88%) SAP
11 2 (0.59%) Murex