Period
to 14 December 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for Spring skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Spring over the 6 months to 14 December 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Pivotal Spring Framework
Central London > City of London
6 months to
14 Dec 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 47 64 110
Rank change year-on-year +17 +46 -43
Contract jobs citing Spring 352 268 148
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 4.94% 3.73% 2.26%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 12.42% 9.86% 6.30%
Number of daily rates quoted 310 236 132
City of London median daily rate £550 £506 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +8.64% +1.25% -
10th Percentile £425 £363 £363
90th Percentile £675 £638 £588
Central London median daily rate £550 £513 £475
% change year-on-year +7.32% +7.89% -1.04%
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 0 0
City of London median hourly rate - - -
Central London median hourly rate - - -

Spring is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
City of London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 2,835 2,717 2,349
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 39.82% 37.79% 35.89%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,358 2,291 1,982
City of London median daily rate £525 £513 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.44% +7.89% -
10th Percentile £406 £363 £325
90th Percentile £675 £675 £638
Central London median daily rate £525 £500 £475
% change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% +5.44%
Number of hourly rates quoted 3 8 4
City of London median hourly rate £19.00 £25.79 £35.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -26.32% -26.32% -9.68%
10th Percentile £14.90 £19.33 £19.00
90th Percentile £84.50 £41.25 £56.31
Central London median hourly rate £27.00 £21.50 £35.00
% change year-on-year +25.58% -38.57% -9.68%

Spring
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing Spring as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for Spring in the City of London

Spring
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Spring in the City of London.

Contractor daily rate trend for Spring in the City of London

Spring
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Spring in the City of London over the 6 months to 14 December 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Spring in the City of London

Spring
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Spring in the City of London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Spring in the City of London

Spring
Contract Job Locations in the City of London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Spring within the City of London region over the 6 months to 14 December 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London Bridge - 36 £575 -
Moorgate - 6 £525 -
Spring
Central London

For the 6 months to 14 December 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Spring also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for Spring.

1 344 (97.73%) Java
2 207 (58.81%) Agile Software Development
3 171 (48.58%) TDD
4 168 (47.73%) Spring Boot
5 159 (45.17%) Microservices
6 158 (44.89%) Java 8
7 132 (37.50%) Docker
8 130 (36.93%) REST
9 122 (34.66%) JavaScript
10 121 (34.38%) Amazon AWS
11 98 (27.84%) Maven
12 97 (27.56%) Hibernate
13 95 (26.99%) Kubernetes
14 93 (26.42%) Banking
15 90 (25.57%) BDD
16 85 (24.15%) AngularJS
17 83 (23.58%) HTML
18 82 (23.30%) DevOps
19 79 (22.44%) Finance
20 77 (21.88%) Git (software)
21 74 (21.02%) RESTful
22 72 (20.45%) MongoDB
23 60 (17.05%) NoSQL
24 56 (15.91%) React
24 56 (15.91%) JUnit
24 56 (15.91%) CSS
25 53 (15.06%) Jenkins
26 52 (14.77%) Scrum
27 51 (14.49%) Kafka
27 51 (14.49%) Apache Cassandra

Spring
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 42 (11.93%) Elasticsearch
2 24 (6.82%) Apache Spark
3 12 (3.41%) WordPress
4 10 (2.84%) JBoss
5 9 (2.56%) Apache
6 8 (2.27%) CMS
6 8 (2.27%) WebLogic
7 7 (1.99%) Cloud Foundry
7 7 (1.99%) Tomcat
8 6 (1.70%) Mule
9 4 (1.14%) Confluence
9 4 (1.14%) Jetty
9 4 (1.14%) nginx
10 2 (0.57%) Drupal
10 2 (0.57%) GlassFish
10 2 (0.57%) WebSphere
11 1 (0.28%) EPiServer
11 1 (0.28%) Oracle Coherence
11 1 (0.28%) SharePoint
11 1 (0.28%) WebSphere Application Server
Applications
1 3 (0.85%) Microsoft Excel
Business Applications
1 3 (0.85%) ION MarketView
1 3 (0.85%) SAP Hybris
2 1 (0.28%) BusinessWorks
2 1 (0.28%) Kondor
2 1 (0.28%) Loan IQ
2 1 (0.28%) SunGard Martini
Cloud Services
1 121 (34.38%) Amazon AWS
2 26 (7.39%) Heroku
3 12 (3.41%) Microsoft Azure
4 7 (1.99%) Amazon EC2
4 7 (1.99%) PaaS
5 5 (1.42%) AWS Lambda
5 5 (1.42%) Serverless
6 4 (1.14%) Google Cloud Platform
7 3 (0.85%) OpenShift
8 2 (0.57%) Amazon Kinesis
8 2 (0.57%) Amazon S3
8 2 (0.57%) GitHub
8 2 (0.57%) IaaS
8 2 (0.57%) Runscope
8 2 (0.57%) SaaS
9 1 (0.28%) Apigee
9 1 (0.28%) IBM Cloud
9 1 (0.28%) npm
9 1 (0.28%) Slack
9 1 (0.28%) Yarn
Communications & Networking
1 33 (9.38%) HTTP
2 29 (8.24%) TCP/IP
3 26 (7.39%) DNS
3 26 (7.39%) FTP
3 26 (7.39%) SSL
4 2 (0.57%) Internet
5 1 (0.28%) AMQP
5 1 (0.28%) Intranet
Database & Business Intelligence
1 72 (20.45%) MongoDB
2 60 (17.05%) NoSQL
3 51 (14.49%) Apache Cassandra
4 48 (13.64%) Relational Database
5 37 (10.51%) Redis
6 25 (7.10%) RDBMS
7 24 (6.82%) Riak
8 23 (6.53%) Big Data
9 22 (6.25%) Hadoop
10 21 (5.97%) SQL Server
11 18 (5.11%) MySQL
12 16 (4.55%) PostgreSQL
13 6 (1.70%) Amazon DynamoDB
14 4 (1.14%) Couchbase
14 4 (1.14%) Flink
15 2 (0.57%) Cosmos DB
15 2 (0.57%) Data Warehouse
15 2 (0.57%) Hazelcast
15 2 (0.57%) HBase
15 2 (0.57%) KDB
Development Applications
1 98 (27.84%) Maven
2 77 (21.88%) Git (software)
3 56 (15.91%) JUnit
4 53 (15.06%) Jenkins
5 43 (12.22%) Gradle
6 38 (10.80%) Mockito
7 29 (8.24%) GitLab
8 27 (7.67%) gulp
9 16 (4.55%) Cucumber
10 12 (3.41%) jMock
11 11 (3.13%) Gatling
11 11 (3.13%) JIRA
12 10 (2.84%) Atlassian Bamboo
13 9 (2.56%) IntelliJ
13 9 (2.56%) Selenium
13 9 (2.56%) Spock
14 8 (2.27%) Geb
14 8 (2.27%) SonarQube
15 6 (1.70%) DbUnit
15 6 (1.70%) Mocha
General
1 93 (26.42%) Banking
2 79 (22.44%) Finance
3 36 (10.23%) Investment Banking
4 18 (5.11%) Front Office
5 8 (2.27%) Advertising
6 7 (1.99%) Law
6 7 (1.99%) Pharmaceutical
7 4 (1.14%) Financial Institution
7 4 (1.14%) Retail
8 3 (0.85%) Back Office
8 3 (0.85%) Games
9 2 (0.57%) Legal
9 2 (0.57%) Marketing
10 1 (0.28%) Automotive
10 1 (0.28%) Digital Economy
10 1 (0.28%) Publishing
10 1 (0.28%) Wholesale Banking
Job Titles
1 294 (83.52%) Developer
2 269 (76.42%) Java Developer
3 67 (19.03%) Senior Developer
4 65 (18.47%) Senior Java Developer
5 52 (14.77%) Full Stack Developer
6 26 (7.39%) Agile Developer
6 26 (7.39%) Agile Java Developer
7 23 (6.53%) Technical Leader
8 22 (6.25%) Lead Developer
8 22 (6.25%) Lead Java Developer
9 19 (5.40%) Java Engineer
10 13 (3.69%) Technical Developer
11 12 (3.41%) J2EE Developer
11 12 (3.41%) Java/J2EE Developer
12 9 (2.56%) AWS Developer
13 8 (2.27%) DevOps Developer
13 8 (2.27%) JavaScript Developer
13 8 (2.27%) Senior Java Engineer
14 7 (1.99%) Investment Banking Java Developer
15 6 (1.70%) React Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 168 (47.73%) Spring Boot
2 130 (36.93%) REST
3 97 (27.56%) Hibernate
4 85 (24.15%) AngularJS
5 83 (23.58%) HTML
6 74 (21.02%) RESTful
7 56 (15.91%) CSS
7 56 (15.91%) React
8 51 (14.49%) Kafka
9 43 (12.22%) Web Services
10 40 (11.36%) JMS
11 39 (11.08%) HTML5
11 39 (11.08%) SOAP
12 35 (9.94%) Node.js
13 30 (8.52%) Dropwizard
13 30 (8.52%) Guice
13 30 (8.52%) OAuth
14 27 (7.67%) OAuth2
14 27 (7.67%) Redux
15 26 (7.39%) Ember.js
Miscellaneous
1 44 (12.50%) Greenfield Project
2 21 (5.97%) Fintech
3 19 (5.40%) Fixed Income
4 15 (4.26%) User Experience
5 9 (2.56%) Algorithms
6 8 (2.27%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
6 8 (2.27%) Self-Motivation
7 7 (1.99%) iPad
7 7 (1.99%) Mobile App
8 5 (1.42%) Derivative
8 5 (1.42%) Digital Wallet
8 5 (1.42%) Equities
9 4 (1.14%) Analytical Skills
9 4 (1.14%) Data Structures
10 3 (0.85%) PKI
11 2 (0.57%) Cloud Native
11 2 (0.57%) Mobile Payment
11 2 (0.57%) Virtual Team
12 1 (0.28%) Enterprise Software
12 1 (0.28%) SWIFT
Operating Systems
1 48 (13.64%) Linux
2 43 (12.22%) Unix
3 6 (1.70%) Apple iOS
4 3 (0.85%) VMS
4 3 (0.85%) Windows
5 1 (0.28%) Solaris
Processes & Methodologies
1 207 (58.81%) Agile Software Development
2 171 (48.58%) TDD
3 159 (45.17%) Microservices
4 90 (25.57%) BDD
5 82 (23.30%) DevOps
6 52 (14.77%) Scrum
7 45 (12.78%) Continuous Integration
8 44 (12.50%) OO
9 38 (10.80%) Open Source
10 31 (8.81%) Domain-Driven Design
11 30 (8.52%) Software Engineering
11 30 (8.52%) Test Automation
12 29 (8.24%) Kanban
13 28 (7.95%) MVC
14 27 (7.67%) E-Commerce
15 26 (7.39%) Front End Development
15 26 (7.39%) OWASP
16 24 (6.82%) Continuous Delivery
17 22 (6.25%) Multithreading
18 20 (5.68%) Continuous Improvement
Programming Languages
1 344 (97.73%) Java
2 158 (44.89%) Java 8
3 122 (34.66%) JavaScript
4 49 (13.92%) SQL
5 31 (8.81%) ES6
6 27 (7.67%) TypeScript
7 11 (3.13%) PL/SQL
8 10 (2.84%) Python
9 7 (1.99%) Kotlin
10 6 (1.70%) Scala
10 6 (1.70%) Shell Script
11 5 (1.42%) Perl
12 4 (1.14%) Ruby
13 3 (0.85%) Bash Shell
13 3 (0.85%) Groovy
13 3 (0.85%) PHP
14 2 (0.57%) AWK
14 2 (0.57%) C#
14 2 (0.57%) VB
15 1 (0.28%) XPath
Qualifications
1 17 (4.83%) Degree
2 13 (3.69%) Computer Science Degree
3 5 (1.42%) Master's Degree
4 3 (0.85%) ISTQB
4 3 (0.85%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
5 2 (0.57%) SC Cleared
5 2 (0.57%) Security Cleared
6 1 (0.28%) TOGAF Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 18 (5.11%) QA
2 12 (3.41%) Disclosure Scotland
System Software
1 132 (37.50%) Docker
2 6 (1.70%) VMware Infrastructure
2 6 (1.70%) vSphere
3 1 (0.28%) Apache ZooKeeper
Systems Management
1 95 (26.99%) Kubernetes
2 32 (9.09%) Terraform
3 27 (7.67%) Docker Swarm
4 16 (4.55%) Ansible
5 6 (1.70%) Kibana
5 6 (1.70%) logstash
5 6 (1.70%) Opscode Chef
6 5 (1.42%) Puppet
7 4 (1.14%) Single Sign-On
8 3 (0.85%) Grafana
8 3 (0.85%) Prometheus
9 2 (0.57%) Graphite
9 2 (0.57%) Packer
10 1 (0.28%) Marathon
10 1 (0.28%) Mesos
10 1 (0.28%) rkt
Vendors
1 22 (6.25%) Oracle
2 13 (3.69%) Sybase
3 12 (3.41%) Terracotta
4 10 (2.84%) Salesforce.com
5 6 (1.70%) Apple
5 6 (1.70%) Escenic
5 6 (1.70%) VMware
6 5 (1.42%) Google
6 5 (1.42%) Splunk
6 5 (1.42%) TIBCO
7 4 (1.14%) AppDynamics
7 4 (1.14%) Cadence
7 4 (1.14%) hybris
7 4 (1.14%) MuleSoft
8 3 (0.85%) Dynatrace
8 3 (0.85%) IBM
8 3 (0.85%) ION Trading
8 3 (0.85%) SAP
9 2 (0.57%) Charles River
9 2 (0.57%) Microsoft