Period
to 12 December 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for Spring skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Spring over the 6 months to 12 December 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Pivotal Spring Framework
Central London > City of London
6 months to
12 Dec 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 50 49 65
Rank change year-on-year -1 +16 +46
Contract jobs citing Spring 223 352 268
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 4.00% 4.93% 3.72%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 11.31% 12.43% 9.82%
Number of daily rates quoted 191 312 236
City of London median daily rate £550 £550 £513
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +7.32% +2.50%
10th Percentile £425 £425 £363
90th Percentile £688 £675 £638
Central London median daily rate £550 £550 £513
% change year-on-year - +7.32% +7.89%
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 0 0
City of London median hourly rate - - -
Central London median hourly rate - - -

Spring is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
City of London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 1,971 2,832 2,729
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 35.32% 39.70% 37.86%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,602 2,358 2,302
City of London median daily rate £538 £525 £513
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.38% +2.44% +7.89%
10th Percentile £400 £406 £363
90th Percentile £675 £675 £675
Central London median daily rate £525 £525 £500
% change year-on-year - +5.00% +5.26%
Number of hourly rates quoted 3 3 8
City of London median hourly rate £52.00 £19.00 £25.79
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +173.68% -26.32% -26.32%
10th Percentile £26.70 £14.90 £19.33
90th Percentile £63.10 £84.50 £41.25
Central London median hourly rate £52.00 £27.00 £21.50
% change year-on-year +92.59% +25.58% -38.57%

Spring
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing Spring as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for Spring in the City of London

Spring
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Spring in the City of London.

Contractor daily rate trend for Spring in the City of London

Spring
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Spring in the City of London over the 6 months to 12 December 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Spring in the City of London

Spring
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Spring in the City of London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Spring in the City of London

Spring
Contract Job Locations in the City of London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Spring within the City of London region over the 6 months to 12 December 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Moorgate +3 7 £500 -4.76%
Spring
Central London

For the 6 months to 12 December 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Spring also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for Spring.

1 211 (94.62%) Java
2 124 (55.61%) Agile Software Development
3 105 (47.09%) Microservices
4 99 (44.39%) Spring Boot
5 98 (43.95%) TDD
6 59 (26.46%) Finance
6 59 (26.46%) Kafka
7 57 (25.56%) Java 8
8 56 (25.11%) Docker
8 56 (25.11%) AWS
9 52 (23.32%) JavaScript
10 48 (21.52%) BDD
10 48 (21.52%) Kubernetes
11 43 (19.28%) AngularJS
12 40 (17.94%) REST
13 35 (15.70%) Jenkins
14 34 (15.25%) HTML
14 34 (15.25%) SQL
15 32 (14.35%) CSS
15 32 (14.35%) Hibernate
15 32 (14.35%) Software Engineering
15 32 (14.35%) DevOps
16 31 (13.90%) NoSQL
16 31 (13.90%) Git (software)
17 28 (12.56%) Python
18 27 (12.11%) RESTful
19 26 (11.66%) Scala
19 26 (11.66%) Node.js
19 26 (11.66%) Linux
19 26 (11.66%) Banking

Spring
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 18 (8.07%) Apache Spark
2 16 (7.17%) JBoss
3 13 (5.83%) Elasticsearch
4 10 (4.48%) Confluence
5 9 (4.04%) Jetty
5 9 (4.04%) Tomcat
6 8 (3.59%) Apache
7 7 (3.14%) WebLogic
8 6 (2.69%) WebSphere
9 4 (1.79%) Cloud Foundry
10 2 (0.90%) Magnolia
10 2 (0.90%) Oracle Self-Service HR
10 2 (0.90%) Oracle Workflow
10 2 (0.90%) SAP Portal
11 1 (0.45%) CMS
11 1 (0.45%) Jupyter
11 1 (0.45%) WildFly
Applications
1 2 (0.90%) Microsoft Excel
Business Applications
1 2 (0.90%) BusinessWorks
Cloud Services
1 56 (25.11%) AWS
2 15 (6.73%) GitHub
3 14 (6.28%) Azure
4 11 (4.93%) GCP
5 3 (1.35%) Amazon SQS
5 3 (1.35%) AWS Lambda
5 3 (1.35%) Google Compute Engine
5 3 (1.35%) OpenShift
6 2 (0.90%) Amazon S3
6 2 (0.90%) Serverless
7 1 (0.45%) Amazon CloudWatch
7 1 (0.45%) Amazon SageMaker
7 1 (0.45%) AWS CloudFormation
7 1 (0.45%) AWS CodePipeline
7 1 (0.45%) AWS Fargate
7 1 (0.45%) Datadog
7 1 (0.45%) Google Docs
7 1 (0.45%) npm
7 1 (0.45%) Slack
7 1 (0.45%) Trello
Communications & Networking
1 17 (7.62%) HTTP
2 10 (4.48%) FTP
3 9 (4.04%) DNS
3 9 (4.04%) SSL
3 9 (4.04%) TCP/IP
4 4 (1.79%) Internet
5 3 (1.35%) Remote Desktop
5 3 (1.35%) SSH
6 1 (0.45%) SMTP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 31 (13.90%) NoSQL
2 24 (10.76%) Hadoop
3 21 (9.42%) MongoDB
4 12 (5.38%) HBase
5 10 (4.48%) PostgreSQL
6 9 (4.04%) Apache Cassandra
6 9 (4.04%) Flink
7 8 (3.59%) Apache Hive
7 8 (3.59%) MySQL
8 6 (2.69%) Big Data
9 5 (2.24%) Oracle Database
10 4 (1.79%) Relational Database
10 4 (1.79%) SQL Server
11 3 (1.35%) Blockchain
11 3 (1.35%) Redis
12 2 (0.90%) RDBMS
12 2 (0.90%) SAP HANA
13 1 (0.45%) Amazon RDS
13 1 (0.45%) Impala
13 1 (0.45%) InfluxDB
Development Applications
1 35 (15.70%) Jenkins
2 31 (13.90%) Git (software)
3 22 (9.87%) Gradle
3 22 (9.87%) Maven
4 17 (7.62%) JUnit
5 16 (7.17%) JIRA
6 12 (5.38%) Mockito
7 11 (4.93%) GitLab
8 10 (4.48%) Cucumber
9 9 (4.04%) Gatling
9 9 (4.04%) Geb
9 9 (4.04%) Spock
10 7 (3.14%) Atlassian Bamboo
10 7 (3.14%) Selenium
11 6 (2.69%) Ant
11 6 (2.69%) gulp
11 6 (2.69%) Travis CI
12 5 (2.24%) Bitbucket
12 5 (2.24%) git-flow
13 4 (1.79%) Eclipse
General
1 59 (26.46%) Finance
2 26 (11.66%) Banking
3 9 (4.04%) Investment Banking
4 8 (3.59%) Front Office
5 7 (3.14%) Retail Banking
6 6 (2.69%) Advertising
6 6 (2.69%) Financial Institution
7 3 (1.35%) Back Office
7 3 (1.35%) Games
7 3 (1.35%) Marketing
7 3 (1.35%) Retail
8 2 (0.90%) Automotive
8 2 (0.90%) Public Sector
9 1 (0.45%) Legal
Job Titles
1 170 (76.23%) Developer
2 148 (66.37%) Java Developer
3 26 (11.66%) Full Stack Developer
4 23 (10.31%) Senior Developer
5 18 (8.07%) AWS Developer
6 17 (7.62%) Senior Java Developer
7 14 (6.28%) Java Engineer
8 13 (5.83%) Agile Developer
8 13 (5.83%) Agile Java Developer
9 9 (4.04%) Architect
10 6 (2.69%) Hadoop Developer
10 6 (2.69%) Java Hadoop Developer
10 6 (2.69%) React Developer
11 5 (2.24%) JavaScript Developer
12 4 (1.79%) DevOps Developer
12 4 (1.79%) Java Developer - Fintech
12 4 (1.79%) Tester
13 3 (1.35%) Angular Developer
13 3 (1.35%) Backend Developer
13 3 (1.35%) Kubernetes Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 99 (44.39%) Spring Boot
2 59 (26.46%) Kafka
3 43 (19.28%) AngularJS
4 40 (17.94%) REST
5 34 (15.25%) HTML
6 32 (14.35%) CSS
6 32 (14.35%) Hibernate
7 27 (12.11%) RESTful
8 26 (11.66%) Node.js
9 24 (10.76%) Spring Cloud
10 22 (9.87%) HTML5
11 21 (9.42%) React
12 19 (8.52%) JSON
12 19 (8.52%) Web Services
13 18 (8.07%) SOAP
14 15 (6.73%) XML
15 13 (5.83%) CSS3
15 13 (5.83%) J2EE
16 11 (4.93%) Guice
16 11 (4.93%) WireMock
Miscellaneous
1 19 (8.52%) Greenfield Project
2 17 (7.62%) Enterprise Software
3 14 (6.28%) User Experience
4 9 (4.04%) Analytical Skills
5 8 (3.59%) Mobile App
5 8 (3.59%) Self-Motivation
6 6 (2.69%) Linux Command Line
7 5 (2.24%) Cloud Native
7 5 (2.24%) Data Structures
8 4 (1.79%) Algorithms
8 4 (1.79%) Derivative
8 4 (1.79%) Mobile Payment
9 3 (1.35%) Equities
10 2 (0.90%) Data Centre
10 2 (0.90%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
10 2 (0.90%) Public Cloud
11 1 (0.45%) Fixed Income
11 1 (0.45%) NHS
11 1 (0.45%) OTC Derivatives
11 1 (0.45%) Smart Home
Operating Systems
1 26 (11.66%) Linux
2 15 (6.73%) Unix
3 6 (2.69%) Windows
4 4 (1.79%) Android
4 4 (1.79%) Apple iOS
5 3 (1.35%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 2 (0.90%) CentOS
6 2 (0.90%) Debian
6 2 (0.90%) Mac OS X
6 2 (0.90%) Ubuntu
Processes & Methodologies
1 124 (55.61%) Agile Software Development
2 105 (47.09%) Microservices
3 98 (43.95%) TDD
4 48 (21.52%) BDD
5 32 (14.35%) DevOps
5 32 (14.35%) Software Engineering
6 23 (10.31%) Computer Science
6 23 (10.31%) Scrum
7 20 (8.97%) Fintech
8 19 (8.52%) SDLC
8 19 (8.52%) Test Automation
9 17 (7.62%) E-Commerce
10 16 (7.17%) Continuous Integration
10 16 (7.17%) Digital Transformation Programme
10 16 (7.17%) Multithreading
10 16 (7.17%) Pair Programming
11 11 (4.93%) Kanban
11 11 (4.93%) Unit Testing
11 11 (4.93%) Web Development
12 10 (4.48%) Open Source
Programming Languages
1 211 (94.62%) Java
2 57 (25.56%) Java 8
3 52 (23.32%) JavaScript
4 34 (15.25%) SQL
5 28 (12.56%) Python
6 26 (11.66%) Scala
7 21 (9.42%) TypeScript
8 13 (5.83%) Kotlin
9 8 (3.59%) Bash Shell
10 7 (3.14%) ES6
10 7 (3.14%) PL/SQL
11 6 (2.69%) Perl
11 6 (2.69%) R
12 5 (2.24%) Clojure
13 4 (1.79%) C#
14 3 (1.35%) C++
14 3 (1.35%) ClojureScript
14 3 (1.35%) PHP
14 3 (1.35%) Ruby
15 2 (0.90%) Java 9
Qualifications
1 14 (6.28%) Degree
2 7 (3.14%) Computer Science Degree
2 7 (3.14%) Security Cleared
3 6 (2.69%) SC Cleared
4 3 (1.35%) Master's Degree
5 1 (0.45%) BPSS Clearance
5 1 (0.45%) CTC Cleared
5 1 (0.45%) DV Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 8 (3.59%) QA
2 1 (0.45%) EMIR
2 1 (0.45%) GDPR
2 1 (0.45%) MiFID
2 1 (0.45%) WCAG
System Software
1 56 (25.11%) Docker
2 6 (2.69%) HDFS
3 2 (0.90%) Apache ZooKeeper
Systems Management
1 48 (21.52%) Kubernetes
2 13 (5.83%) Ansible
2 13 (5.83%) Terraform
3 10 (4.48%) Puppet
4 9 (4.04%) Docker Swarm
5 8 (3.59%) Opscode Chef
6 7 (3.14%) Cobbler
7 6 (2.69%) Hadoop YARN
8 3 (1.35%) Grafana
8 3 (1.35%) Kibana
8 3 (1.35%) Prometheus
9 2 (0.90%) Consul
9 2 (0.90%) logstash
9 2 (0.90%) Salt
10 1 (0.45%) ITRS Geneos
10 1 (0.45%) Marathon
10 1 (0.45%) Mesos
Vendors
1 18 (8.07%) Oracle
2 10 (4.48%) Google
3 6 (2.69%) Microsoft
4 4 (1.79%) Sybase
5 3 (1.35%) Bloomberg
5 3 (1.35%) MuleSoft
5 3 (1.35%) Perforce
6 2 (0.90%) Cloudera
6 2 (0.90%) ForgeRock
6 2 (0.90%) Hortonworks
6 2 (0.90%) hybris
6 2 (0.90%) Red Hat
6 2 (0.90%) Reuters
6 2 (0.90%) Salesforce.com
6 2 (0.90%) SAP
6 2 (0.90%) Splunk
6 2 (0.90%) TIBCO
7 1 (0.45%) MicroStrategy