Period
to 4 April 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for Spring skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Spring over the 6 months to 4 April 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Pivotal Spring Framework
Central London > City of London
6 months to
4 Apr 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 51 42 66
Rank change year-on-year -9 +24 +8
Contract jobs citing Spring 174 340 263
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the City of London 4.17% 5.01% 3.71%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 12.06% 13.34% 9.78%
Number of daily rates quoted 147 281 236
Median daily rate £550 £550 £525
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +4.76% -
10th Percentile £413 £419 £413
90th Percentile £675 £675 £626
Central London median daily rate £550 £550 £525
% change year-on-year - +4.76% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 2 0 0
Median hourly rate £55.00 - -
Central London median hourly rate £55.00 - -

Spring is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
City of London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 1,443 2,548 2,688
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 34.62% 37.58% 37.91%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,134 2,060 2,271
Median daily rate £525 £525 £520
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +0.96% +8.33%
10th Percentile £385 £409 £363
90th Percentile £675 £675 £675
Central London median daily rate £525 £525 £500
% change year-on-year - +5.00% +5.26%
Number of hourly rates quoted 9 8 13
Median hourly rate £35.00 £35.00 £21.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - +62.79% -30.42%
10th Percentile £24.50 £17.15 £21.25
90th Percentile £62.00 £83.28 £63.65
Median hourly rate £35.00 £35.00 £21.50
% change year-on-year - +62.79% -30.42%

Spring
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing Spring as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for Spring in the City of London

Spring
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Spring in the City of London.

Daily rate trend for Spring in the City of London

Spring
Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Spring in the City of London over the 6 months to 4 April 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Spring in the City of London

Spring
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Spring in the City of London.

Hourly rate trend for Spring in the City of London

For the 6 months to 4 April 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Spring also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for Spring.

1 161 (92.53%) Java
2 103 (59.20%) Agile Software Development
3 83 (47.70%) Microservices
4 75 (43.10%) Spring Boot
4 75 (43.10%) TDD
5 47 (27.01%) Kafka
6 40 (22.99%) Java 8
7 39 (22.41%) BDD
8 38 (21.84%) Docker
9 34 (19.54%) REST
10 33 (18.97%) RESTful
10 33 (18.97%) Finance
10 33 (18.97%) Kubernetes
11 30 (17.24%) AWS
12 25 (14.37%) AngularJS
13 24 (13.79%) Jenkins
14 23 (13.22%) DevOps
14 23 (13.22%) Maven
14 23 (13.22%) JUnit
15 22 (12.64%) SQL
15 22 (12.64%) Banking
15 22 (12.64%) Kotlin
15 22 (12.64%) Spring Cloud
16 21 (12.07%) SDLC
16 21 (12.07%) Gradle
16 21 (12.07%) JavaScript
16 21 (12.07%) Web Services
17 20 (11.49%) Linux
17 20 (11.49%) Scrum
18 19 (10.92%) Mockito

Spring
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 14 (8.05%) Apache Spark
1 14 (8.05%) Elasticsearch
2 8 (4.60%) WebLogic
3 6 (3.45%) Cloud Foundry
3 6 (3.45%) WebSphere
4 5 (2.87%) Apache
4 5 (2.87%) Confluence
5 2 (1.15%) Anypoint
5 2 (1.15%) Mule
5 2 (1.15%) Mule ESB
5 2 (1.15%) Oracle Workflow
5 2 (1.15%) SAP Portal
5 2 (1.15%) Tomcat
6 1 (0.57%) Camunda
6 1 (0.57%) JBoss
6 1 (0.57%) Jupyter
Applications
1 2 (1.15%) Microsoft Office
Cloud Services
1 30 (17.24%) AWS
2 15 (8.62%) Azure
3 12 (6.90%) GitHub
4 10 (5.75%) GCP
5 4 (2.30%) SaaS
6 3 (1.72%) Google Compute Engine
7 2 (1.15%) Amazon CloudWatch
7 2 (1.15%) Amazon S3
7 2 (1.15%) Amazon SageMaker
7 2 (1.15%) AWS Fargate
7 2 (1.15%) AWS Lambda
7 2 (1.15%) OpenShift
8 1 (0.57%) Google Play
8 1 (0.57%) Heroku
8 1 (0.57%) IaaS
Communications & Networking
1 15 (8.62%) HTTP
2 9 (5.17%) SSL
3 7 (4.02%) TCP/IP
4 6 (3.45%) DNS
4 6 (3.45%) FTP
5 3 (1.72%) Internet
5 3 (1.72%) Remote Desktop
6 2 (1.15%) HTTPS
7 1 (0.57%) DSL
Database & Business Intelligence
1 18 (10.34%) NoSQL
2 9 (5.17%) MongoDB
3 8 (4.60%) Hadoop
3 8 (4.60%) MySQL
4 7 (4.02%) PostgreSQL
5 6 (3.45%) HBase
6 5 (2.87%) Apache Cassandra
6 5 (2.87%) Relational Database
7 4 (2.30%) Big Data
7 4 (2.30%) Flink
7 4 (2.30%) Oracle Database
8 3 (1.72%) Redis
9 2 (1.15%) Amazon Aurora
9 2 (1.15%) Oracle Database 12c
9 2 (1.15%) Oracle Exadata
9 2 (1.15%) Parquet
9 2 (1.15%) SAP HANA
9 2 (1.15%) SQL Server
10 1 (0.57%) Oracle OWB
10 1 (0.57%) Scylla
Development Applications
1 24 (13.79%) Jenkins
2 23 (13.22%) JUnit
2 23 (13.22%) Maven
3 21 (12.07%) Gradle
4 19 (10.92%) Mockito
5 18 (10.34%) Git (software)
6 11 (6.32%) GitLab
7 9 (5.17%) JIRA
8 7 (4.02%) Ant
9 6 (3.45%) Atlassian Bamboo
9 6 (3.45%) Cucumber
9 6 (3.45%) git-flow
9 6 (3.45%) JMeter
10 5 (2.87%) Gatling
10 5 (2.87%) Geb
10 5 (2.87%) Spock
11 4 (2.30%) Travis CI
12 3 (1.72%) Bitbucket
13 2 (1.15%) Selenium
13 2 (1.15%) TeamCity
General
1 33 (18.97%) Finance
2 22 (12.64%) Banking
3 10 (5.75%) Games
4 9 (5.17%) Front Office
5 8 (4.60%) Investment Banking
6 6 (3.45%) Retail
7 5 (2.87%) Financial Institution
8 4 (2.30%) Retail Banking
9 1 (0.57%) Advertising
9 1 (0.57%) Automotive
9 1 (0.57%) Law
9 1 (0.57%) Legal
9 1 (0.57%) Marketing
9 1 (0.57%) Public Sector
Job Titles
1 147 (84.48%) Developer
2 125 (71.84%) Java Developer
3 17 (9.77%) AWS Developer
4 16 (9.20%) Full Stack Developer
4 16 (9.20%) Senior Developer
5 11 (6.32%) Agile Developer
5 11 (6.32%) Agile Java Developer
5 11 (6.32%) Senior Java Developer
6 7 (4.02%) DevOps Developer
6 7 (4.02%) Java Engineer
7 5 (2.87%) Backend Developer
8 4 (2.30%) Architect
8 4 (2.30%) Hadoop Developer
8 4 (2.30%) Java Hadoop Developer
9 3 (1.72%) Angular Developer
9 3 (1.72%) Java Developer - Fintech
9 3 (1.72%) Penetration Tester
9 3 (1.72%) Scala Developer
9 3 (1.72%) Tester
10 2 (1.15%) Linux Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 75 (43.10%) Spring Boot
2 47 (27.01%) Kafka
3 34 (19.54%) REST
4 33 (18.97%) RESTful
5 25 (14.37%) AngularJS
6 22 (12.64%) Spring Cloud
7 21 (12.07%) Web Services
8 17 (9.77%) HTML
9 16 (9.20%) CSS
10 15 (8.62%) SOAP
11 14 (8.05%) J2EE
12 12 (6.90%) HTML5
13 11 (6.32%) React
14 10 (5.75%) .NET
15 9 (5.17%) Guice
15 9 (5.17%) Hibernate
15 9 (5.17%) RxJava
15 9 (5.17%) XML
16 8 (4.60%) .NET Framework
17 7 (4.02%) JSON
Miscellaneous
1 17 (9.77%) Enterprise Software
2 14 (8.05%) Greenfield Project
3 8 (4.60%) Self-Motivation
3 8 (4.60%) User Experience
4 7 (4.02%) Analytical Skills
4 7 (4.02%) Mobile App
5 6 (3.45%) Data Structures
5 6 (3.45%) Mobile Payment
6 5 (2.87%) Cloud Native
7 4 (2.30%) Derivative
7 4 (2.30%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
7 4 (2.30%) Linux Command Line
8 3 (1.72%) Algorithms
9 2 (1.15%) Credit Risk
9 2 (1.15%) Data Centre
9 2 (1.15%) Fixed Income
9 2 (1.15%) Market Risk
9 2 (1.15%) NHS
9 2 (1.15%) Public Cloud
9 2 (1.15%) Replication
Operating Systems
1 20 (11.49%) Linux
2 10 (5.75%) Unix
3 5 (2.87%) Windows
4 3 (1.72%) Apple iOS
5 2 (1.15%) Android
6 1 (0.57%) Oracle Linux
6 1 (0.57%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 1 (0.57%) Solaris
6 1 (0.57%) Ubuntu
Processes & Methodologies
1 103 (59.20%) Agile Software Development
2 83 (47.70%) Microservices
3 75 (43.10%) TDD
4 39 (22.41%) BDD
5 23 (13.22%) DevOps
6 21 (12.07%) SDLC
7 20 (11.49%) Scrum
8 17 (9.77%) Fintech
9 16 (9.20%) Continuous Integration
9 16 (9.20%) Multithreading
10 15 (8.62%) Computer Science
10 15 (8.62%) Pair Programming
10 15 (8.62%) Software Engineering
11 14 (8.05%) E-Commerce
12 10 (5.75%) Open Source
12 10 (5.75%) Test Automation
12 10 (5.75%) Unit Testing
13 9 (5.17%) Kanban
14 8 (4.60%) OOP
14 8 (4.60%) Problem-Solving
Programming Languages
1 161 (92.53%) Java
2 40 (22.99%) Java 8
3 22 (12.64%) Kotlin
3 22 (12.64%) SQL
4 21 (12.07%) JavaScript
5 18 (10.34%) Python
6 15 (8.62%) Scala
7 9 (5.17%) TypeScript
8 5 (2.87%) C#
9 4 (2.30%) Bash Shell
9 4 (2.30%) PL/SQL
9 4 (2.30%) R
10 2 (1.15%) C
10 2 (1.15%) C++
11 1 (0.57%) ES6
11 1 (0.57%) Haskell
11 1 (0.57%) PHP
11 1 (0.57%) Shell Script
Qualifications
1 9 (5.17%) Degree
2 7 (4.02%) Computer Science Degree
3 4 (2.30%) SC Cleared
3 4 (2.30%) Security Cleared
4 2 (1.15%) Master's Degree
5 1 (0.57%) CTC Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 2 (1.15%) ISO/IEC 20000
1 2 (1.15%) QA
System Software
1 38 (21.84%) Docker
2 4 (2.30%) HDFS
3 2 (1.15%) Oracle RAC
4 1 (0.57%) Active Directory
4 1 (0.57%) Virtual Servers
Systems Management
1 33 (18.97%) Kubernetes
2 8 (4.60%) Terraform
3 6 (3.45%) Ansible
3 6 (3.45%) Docker Swarm
4 4 (2.30%) Hadoop YARN
5 3 (1.72%) Kibana
5 3 (1.72%) logstash
6 2 (1.15%) Data Guard
6 2 (1.15%) Oracle RMAN
6 2 (1.15%) Prometheus
6 2 (1.15%) Puppet
7 1 (0.57%) Grafana
7 1 (0.57%) ITRS Geneos
7 1 (0.57%) Opscode Chef
7 1 (0.57%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
7 1 (0.57%) Zipkin
Vendors
1 12 (6.90%) Oracle
2 6 (3.45%) Google
2 6 (3.45%) Microsoft
3 4 (2.30%) MuleSoft
4 3 (1.72%) Salesforce.com
4 3 (1.72%) Splunk
5 2 (1.15%) MapR
5 2 (1.15%) SAP
6 1 (0.57%) Bloomberg
6 1 (0.57%) CA
6 1 (0.57%) CA Agile Central
6 1 (0.57%) Foundry
6 1 (0.57%) HP
6 1 (0.57%) Okta
6 1 (0.57%) Perforce
6 1 (0.57%) Red Hat
6 1 (0.57%) TOWER Software