Period
to 14 August 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for Spring skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Spring over the 6 months to 14 August 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Pivotal Spring Framework
Central London > City of London
6 months to
14 Aug 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 52 58 79
Rank change year-on-year +6 +21 +12
Contract jobs citing Spring 306 257 195
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 4.38% 3.92% 2.87%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 11.09% 10.33% 8.22%
Number of daily rates quoted 274 202 186
City of London median daily rate £550 £500 £525
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +10.00% -4.76% +5.00%
10th Percentile £425 £363 £363
90th Percentile £650 £671 £638
Central London median daily rate £550 £500 £500
% change year-on-year +10.00% - +2.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 0 0
City of London median hourly rate - - -
Central London median hourly rate - - -

Spring is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
City of London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 2,759 2,489 2,371
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 39.50% 37.96% 34.90%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,252 2,001 2,002
City of London median daily rate £525 £500 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% +2.98%
10th Percentile £370 £360 £319
90th Percentile £675 £650 £638
Central London median daily rate £525 £500 £451
% change year-on-year +5.00% +10.99% +0.11%
Number of hourly rates quoted 11 11 6
City of London median hourly rate £22.00 £24.49 £21.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -10.15% +16.60% -13.33%
10th Percentile £21.00 £20.75 £17.08
90th Percentile £62.50 £29.62 £49.29
Central London median hourly rate £27.00 £24.36 £21.00
% change year-on-year +10.84% +16.00% -34.61%

Spring
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing Spring as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for Spring in the City of London

Spring
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Spring in the City of London.

Contractor daily rate trend for Spring in the City of London

Spring
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Spring in the City of London over the 6 months to 14 August 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Spring in the City of London

Spring
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Spring in the City of London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Spring in the City of London

Spring
Contract Job Locations in the City of London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Spring within the City of London region over the 6 months to 14 August 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London Bridge - 14 £575 -
Spring
Central London

For the 6 months to 14 August 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Spring also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for Spring.

1 294 (96.08%) Java
2 188 (61.44%) Agile Software Development
3 122 (39.87%) TDD
4 117 (38.24%) REST
5 109 (35.62%) JavaScript
6 105 (34.31%) Java 8
7 104 (33.99%) Microservices
8 94 (30.72%) Spring Boot
9 78 (25.49%) Amazon AWS
9 78 (25.49%) Maven
10 77 (25.16%) Docker
11 76 (24.84%) Hibernate
12 75 (24.51%) Banking
13 73 (23.86%) BDD
14 72 (23.53%) Web Services
15 70 (22.88%) HTML
16 64 (20.92%) Finance
16 64 (20.92%) AngularJS
16 64 (20.92%) RESTful
17 62 (20.26%) Git (software)
18 59 (19.28%) NoSQL
18 59 (19.28%) JUnit
19 54 (17.65%) MongoDB
19 54 (17.65%) Relational Database
19 54 (17.65%) Kubernetes
20 51 (16.67%) Jenkins
20 51 (16.67%) Scrum
21 50 (16.34%) Unix
21 50 (16.34%) DevOps
22 47 (15.36%) CSS

Spring
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 31 (10.13%) Elasticsearch
2 19 (6.21%) JBoss
3 17 (5.56%) Apache
4 15 (4.90%) Apache Spark
5 12 (3.92%) Tomcat
6 11 (3.59%) WebLogic
7 9 (2.94%) Cloud Foundry
7 9 (2.94%) WebSphere
8 7 (2.29%) WordPress
9 5 (1.63%) Confluence
9 5 (1.63%) Jetty
9 5 (1.63%) nginx
10 4 (1.31%) Apache Solr
11 3 (0.98%) Mule
12 2 (0.65%) Adobe Experience Manager
12 2 (0.65%) ArcGIS
12 2 (0.65%) GlassFish
12 2 (0.65%) Oracle Coherence
12 2 (0.65%) Oracle SOA Suite
12 2 (0.65%) WebSphere Application Server
Applications
1 1 (0.33%) Microsoft Excel
1 1 (0.33%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 2 (0.65%) SAP Hybris
2 1 (0.33%) BusinessWorks
2 1 (0.33%) ION MarketView
2 1 (0.33%) Kondor
Cloud Services
1 78 (25.49%) Amazon AWS
2 21 (6.86%) Heroku
3 18 (5.88%) Microsoft Azure
4 9 (2.94%) PaaS
5 5 (1.63%) GitHub
5 5 (1.63%) Serverless
6 4 (1.31%) AWS Lambda
6 4 (1.31%) Google Cloud Platform
6 4 (1.31%) npm
7 3 (0.98%) Cloud Computing
7 3 (0.98%) Runscope
8 2 (0.65%) Google App Engine
8 2 (0.65%) IaaS
8 2 (0.65%) Slack
9 1 (0.33%) Amazon SQS
9 1 (0.33%) AWS CloudFormation
9 1 (0.33%) AWS CodePipeline
9 1 (0.33%) BrowserStack
9 1 (0.33%) Office 365
9 1 (0.33%) Sauce Labs
Communications & Networking
1 34 (11.11%) HTTP
2 30 (9.80%) TCP/IP
3 19 (6.21%) DNS
3 19 (6.21%) FTP
3 19 (6.21%) SSL
4 3 (0.98%) Firewall
5 2 (0.65%) BIG-IP
5 2 (0.65%) Ethernet
5 2 (0.65%) MPLS
5 2 (0.65%) WAN
6 1 (0.33%) Internet
6 1 (0.33%) Kerberos
6 1 (0.33%) Network Security
6 1 (0.33%) SMS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 59 (19.28%) NoSQL
2 54 (17.65%) MongoDB
2 54 (17.65%) Relational Database
3 30 (9.80%) Apache Cassandra
4 21 (6.86%) SQL Server
5 20 (6.54%) Big Data
6 19 (6.21%) PostgreSQL
7 18 (5.88%) Redis
8 17 (5.56%) RDBMS
9 15 (4.90%) Hadoop
9 15 (4.90%) MySQL
10 7 (2.29%) Riak
11 6 (1.96%) Couchbase
12 3 (0.98%) Oracle Database
13 2 (0.65%) DB2
13 2 (0.65%) KDB
13 2 (0.65%) Neo4j
13 2 (0.65%) Oracle Database 10g
13 2 (0.65%) Oracle Database 11g
14 1 (0.33%) Data Warehouse
Development Applications
1 78 (25.49%) Maven
2 62 (20.26%) Git (software)
3 59 (19.28%) JUnit
4 51 (16.67%) Jenkins
5 46 (15.03%) Gradle
6 32 (10.46%) Mockito
7 21 (6.86%) Cucumber
7 21 (6.86%) GitLab
8 20 (6.54%) gulp
9 14 (4.58%) Selenium
10 11 (3.59%) IntelliJ
10 11 (3.59%) JIRA
11 9 (2.94%) Ant
11 9 (2.94%) Spock
12 8 (2.61%) SoapUI
12 8 (2.61%) TestNG
13 7 (2.29%) Gatling
13 7 (2.29%) Geb
13 7 (2.29%) Subversion
14 6 (1.96%) TeamCity
General
1 75 (24.51%) Banking
2 64 (20.92%) Finance
3 47 (15.36%) Investment Banking
4 12 (3.92%) Front Office
4 12 (3.92%) Retail
5 10 (3.27%) Back Office
6 8 (2.61%) Financial Institution
7 7 (2.29%) Legal
8 6 (1.96%) Advertising
9 4 (1.31%) Games
10 3 (0.98%) Pharmaceutical
11 2 (0.65%) Automotive
11 2 (0.65%) General Ledger
11 2 (0.65%) Law
11 2 (0.65%) Telecoms
12 1 (0.33%) Russian Language
12 1 (0.33%) Wholesale Banking
Job Titles
1 254 (83.01%) Developer
2 224 (73.20%) Java Developer
3 43 (14.05%) Senior Developer
4 39 (12.75%) Senior Java Developer
5 34 (11.11%) Full Stack Developer
6 26 (8.50%) Lead Developer
7 25 (8.17%) Lead Java Developer
7 25 (8.17%) Web Developer
8 22 (7.19%) Agile Developer
9 21 (6.86%) Agile Java Developer
10 19 (6.21%) Java Web Developer
11 15 (4.90%) Technical Leader
12 14 (4.58%) Java Engineer
13 12 (3.92%) Architect
13 12 (3.92%) E-Commerce Developer
13 12 (3.92%) Java E-Commerce Developer
14 11 (3.59%) AWS Developer
14 11 (3.59%) E-Commerce Web Developer
14 11 (3.59%) NoSQL Developer
15 9 (2.94%) Cloud Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 117 (38.24%) REST
2 94 (30.72%) Spring Boot
3 76 (24.84%) Hibernate
4 72 (23.53%) Web Services
5 70 (22.88%) HTML
6 64 (20.92%) AngularJS
6 64 (20.92%) RESTful
7 47 (15.36%) CSS
8 41 (13.40%) Node.js
9 39 (12.75%) React
10 37 (12.09%) SOAP
11 36 (11.76%) Dropwizard
12 34 (11.11%) Guice
12 34 (11.11%) HTML5
13 30 (9.80%) Kafka
14 28 (9.15%) J2EE
15 24 (7.84%) Twitter Bootstrap
16 23 (7.52%) jQuery
17 22 (7.19%) Redux
18 21 (6.86%) OAuth
Miscellaneous
1 25 (8.17%) Greenfield Project
2 18 (5.88%) Fintech
3 14 (4.58%) Computer Science
3 14 (4.58%) User Experience
4 11 (3.59%) Fixed Income
5 9 (2.94%) Analytical Skills
6 8 (2.61%) iPad
6 8 (2.61%) Mobile App
7 7 (2.29%) N-Tier
8 5 (1.63%) Derivative
8 5 (1.63%) Equities
9 4 (1.31%) Algorithms
9 4 (1.31%) Cloud Native
9 4 (1.31%) Data Structures
9 4 (1.31%) Enterprise Software
9 4 (1.31%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
9 4 (1.31%) Hedge funds
10 3 (0.98%) Digital Wallet
10 3 (0.98%) Mobile Payment
10 3 (0.98%) Self-Motivation
Operating Systems
1 50 (16.34%) Unix
2 40 (13.07%) Linux
3 8 (2.61%) Apple iOS
4 2 (0.65%) VMS
5 1 (0.33%) Android
5 1 (0.33%) Solaris
Processes & Methodologies
1 188 (61.44%) Agile Software Development
2 122 (39.87%) TDD
3 104 (33.99%) Microservices
4 73 (23.86%) BDD
5 51 (16.67%) Scrum
6 50 (16.34%) DevOps
7 47 (15.36%) Continuous Integration
8 37 (12.09%) Software Engineering
9 36 (11.76%) Pair Programming
10 32 (10.46%) E-Commerce
10 32 (10.46%) Kanban
10 32 (10.46%) MVC
11 30 (9.80%) OO
11 30 (9.80%) Test Automation
12 28 (9.15%) Multithreading
12 28 (9.15%) Web Development
13 26 (8.50%) Domain-Driven Design
14 25 (8.17%) Open Source
15 20 (6.54%) Unit Testing
16 19 (6.21%) OWASP
Programming Languages
1 294 (96.08%) Java
2 109 (35.62%) JavaScript
3 105 (34.31%) Java 8
4 46 (15.03%) SQL
5 24 (7.84%) ES6
6 23 (7.52%) Groovy
7 20 (6.54%) TypeScript
8 11 (3.59%) Shell Script
9 10 (3.27%) Scala
10 6 (1.96%) Ruby
11 5 (1.63%) Bash Shell
12 4 (1.31%) ANSI SQL
12 4 (1.31%) Kotlin
13 3 (0.98%) C#
13 3 (0.98%) PL/SQL
13 3 (0.98%) XPath
14 2 (0.65%) Java 9
14 2 (0.65%) Perl
14 2 (0.65%) Python
15 1 (0.33%) Apple Swift
Qualifications
1 18 (5.88%) Degree
2 13 (4.25%) Computer Science Degree
3 4 (1.31%) SC Cleared
3 4 (1.31%) Security Cleared
4 3 (0.98%) Master's Degree
5 2 (0.65%) OCPJP
5 2 (0.65%) Sun Certification
6 1 (0.33%) DBS Check
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 13 (4.25%) QA
2 7 (2.29%) Disclosure Scotland
3 1 (0.33%) GDPR
3 1 (0.33%) MiFID
System Software
1 77 (25.16%) Docker
2 2 (0.65%) HDFS
3 1 (0.33%) Apache ZooKeeper
3 1 (0.33%) OpenAM
Systems Management
1 54 (17.65%) Kubernetes
2 21 (6.86%) Docker Swarm
3 15 (4.90%) Terraform
4 12 (3.92%) Prometheus
5 9 (2.94%) Ansible
6 8 (2.61%) Grafana
7 6 (1.96%) Kibana
7 6 (1.96%) logstash
7 6 (1.96%) Opscode Chef
7 6 (1.96%) Puppet
8 4 (1.31%) Control-M
9 3 (0.98%) Consul
9 3 (0.98%) Graphite
9 3 (0.98%) Packer
10 2 (0.65%) Hadoop YARN
10 2 (0.65%) ITRS Geneos
10 2 (0.65%) rkt
10 2 (0.65%) Single Sign-On
11 1 (0.33%) Oozie
Vendors
1 20 (6.54%) Oracle
2 14 (4.58%) Splunk
3 12 (3.92%) AppDynamics
4 10 (3.27%) Salesforce.com
5 8 (2.61%) Sybase
6 7 (2.29%) Apple
6 7 (2.29%) Demandware
7 5 (1.63%) Google
7 5 (1.63%) hybris
7 5 (1.63%) MuleSoft
8 4 (1.31%) IBM
8 4 (1.31%) New Relic
8 4 (1.31%) Solace
8 4 (1.31%) TIBCO
9 3 (0.98%) Dynatrace
9 3 (0.98%) Microsoft
10 2 (0.65%) Adobe
10 2 (0.65%) Atlassian
10 2 (0.65%) Escenic
10 2 (0.65%) F5