Period
to 26 July 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for Spring skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Spring over the 6 months to 26 July 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Pivotal Spring Framework
Central London > City of London
6 months to
26 Jul 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 33 64 48
Rank change year-on-year +31 -16 +8
Contract jobs citing Spring 216 78 305
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the City of London 6.36% 3.22% 4.60%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 18.88% 9.61% 12.51%
Number of daily rates quoted 177 67 248
10th Percentile £450 £422 £425
25th Percentile £525 £489 £500
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £613 £575 £550
Median % change year-on-year +6.52% +4.55% -
75th Percentile £688 £630 £625
90th Percentile £743 £643 £688
Central London median daily rate £610 £575 £550
% change year-on-year +6.09% +4.55% +4.76%
Number of hourly rates quoted 3 1 0
Median hourly rate £35.00 £55.00 -
Median % change year-on-year -36.36% - -
Central London median hourly rate £35.00 £55.00 -
% change year-on-year -36.36% - -

Spring is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
City of London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 1,144 812 2,438
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 33.71% 33.50% 36.75%
Number of daily rates quoted 877 630 1,984
10th Percentile £407 £375 £413
25th Percentile £463 £450 £463
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £585 £525 £525
Median % change year-on-year +11.33% - -
75th Percentile £650 £619 £600
90th Percentile £725 £688 £675
Central London median daily rate £575 £525 £525
% change year-on-year +9.52% - +0.96%
Number of hourly rates quoted 8 7 10
10th Percentile £15.88 £29.05 £20.15
25th Percentile £20.00 £34.75 £24.81
Median hourly rate £30.25 £39.00 £38.37
Median % change year-on-year -22.44% +1.64% +74.42%
75th Percentile £37.75 £52.63 £48.56
90th Percentile £47.43 £59.00 £56.50
Central London median hourly rate £35.00 £39.00 £41.75
% change year-on-year -10.26% -6.58% +89.75%

Spring
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing Spring as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for Spring in the City of London

Spring
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Spring in the City of London.

Daily rate trend for Spring in the City of London

Spring
Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Spring in the City of London over the 6 months to 26 July 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Spring in the City of London

Spring
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Spring in the City of London.

Hourly rate trend for Spring in the City of London

Spring
Hourly Rate Histogram in the City of London

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Spring in the City of London over the 6 months to 26 July 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Spring in the City of London

For the 6 months to 26 July 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Spring also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for Spring.

1 192 (88.89%) Java
2 115 (53.24%) Microservices
3 112 (51.85%) Agile Software Development
4 90 (41.67%) Spring Boot
5 70 (32.41%) Kubernetes
6 67 (31.02%) TDD
7 64 (29.63%) Banking
8 59 (27.31%) Docker
9 54 (25.00%) Kafka
10 50 (23.15%) DevOps
11 48 (22.22%) Finance
12 46 (21.30%) AWS
13 42 (19.44%) Java 8
14 41 (18.98%) RESTful
15 38 (17.59%) REST
16 36 (16.67%) Jenkins
17 35 (16.20%) Maven
18 34 (15.74%) Scrum
19 32 (14.81%) SQL
20 31 (14.35%) Hibernate
21 30 (13.89%) JavaScript
22 29 (13.43%) Multithreading
23 28 (12.96%) Kotlin
24 27 (12.50%) Greenfield Project
24 27 (12.50%) AngularJS
24 27 (12.50%) Oracle
25 26 (12.04%) Git (software)
25 26 (12.04%) Cucumber
26 25 (11.57%) Social Skills
27 24 (11.11%) React

Spring
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 14 (6.48%) Apache
2 12 (5.56%) Red Hat Fuse
3 9 (4.17%) Apache Spark
4 8 (3.70%) Confluence
5 4 (1.85%) Cloud Foundry
5 4 (1.85%) CMS
5 4 (1.85%) WebLogic
6 3 (1.39%) JBoss
6 3 (1.39%) Oracle Coherence
7 2 (0.93%) nginx
7 2 (0.93%) Tomcat
7 2 (0.93%) WebSphere
8 1 (0.46%) Adobe Experience Manager
8 1 (0.46%) Anypoint
8 1 (0.46%) Elasticsearch
8 1 (0.46%) FileNet
8 1 (0.46%) IIS
8 1 (0.46%) Oracle SOA Suite
8 1 (0.46%) WebSphere Application Server
Business Applications
1 1 (0.46%) Magento
1 1 (0.46%) Payment Gateway
Cloud Services
1 46 (21.30%) AWS
2 15 (6.94%) GCP
3 14 (6.48%) Azure
4 7 (3.24%) Amazon EC2
4 7 (3.24%) SaaS
5 5 (2.31%) GitHub
6 4 (1.85%) Amazon Kinesis
7 2 (0.93%) Amazon ECS
7 2 (0.93%) AWS CloudFormation
7 2 (0.93%) Cloud Computing
7 2 (0.93%) IaaS
7 2 (0.93%) Slack
8 1 (0.46%) Amazon S3
8 1 (0.46%) Azure Cosmos DB
8 1 (0.46%) Azure Stack
8 1 (0.46%) Kong
8 1 (0.46%) npm
8 1 (0.46%) Power Platform
8 1 (0.46%) Serverless
8 1 (0.46%) Stripe
Communications & Networking
1 4 (1.85%) HTTP
1 4 (1.85%) Internet
2 1 (0.46%) DSL
Database & Business Intelligence
1 16 (7.41%) Relational Database
2 15 (6.94%) Hazelcast
3 12 (5.56%) NoSQL
4 11 (5.09%) SQL Server
5 10 (4.63%) PostgreSQL
6 7 (3.24%) Big Data
6 7 (3.24%) Hadoop
6 7 (3.24%) MySQL
6 7 (3.24%) Redis
7 6 (2.78%) MongoDB
8 5 (2.31%) Data Warehouse
9 4 (1.85%) Oracle Database
9 4 (1.85%) RDBMS
10 3 (1.39%) Apache Cassandra
11 2 (0.93%) BigQuery
11 2 (0.93%) Looker
11 2 (0.93%) Spark SQL
12 1 (0.46%) Data Lake
12 1 (0.46%) Power BI
12 1 (0.46%) Scylla
Development Applications
1 36 (16.67%) Jenkins
2 35 (16.20%) Maven
3 26 (12.04%) Cucumber
3 26 (12.04%) Git (software)
4 19 (8.80%) JUnit
5 18 (8.33%) JIRA
6 12 (5.56%) Mockito
7 9 (4.17%) Atlassian Bamboo
8 6 (2.78%) Selenium
9 5 (2.31%) GitLab
10 4 (1.85%) Subversion
10 4 (1.85%) TeamCity
11 3 (1.39%) Karma Test Runner
11 3 (1.39%) Protractor
11 3 (1.39%) REST Assured
11 3 (1.39%) Sonatype Nexus
12 2 (0.93%) Ant
12 2 (0.93%) Gradle
12 2 (0.93%) Jasmine
12 2 (0.93%) Robot Framework
General
1 64 (29.63%) Banking
2 48 (22.22%) Finance
3 25 (11.57%) Social Skills
4 22 (10.19%) Investment Banking
5 19 (8.80%) Games
6 17 (7.87%) Front Office
7 12 (5.56%) Analytical Skills
8 9 (4.17%) Retail
9 4 (1.85%) Retail Banking
10 3 (1.39%) Legal
11 2 (0.93%) Advertising
11 2 (0.93%) Manufacturing
11 2 (0.93%) Presentation Skills
12 1 (0.46%) Automotive
12 1 (0.46%) Documentation Skills
12 1 (0.46%) Financial Institution
12 1 (0.46%) Multimedia
12 1 (0.46%) Organisational Skills
12 1 (0.46%) Prime Brokerage
12 1 (0.46%) Public Sector
Job Titles
1 160 (74.07%) Developer
2 125 (57.87%) Java Developer
3 17 (7.87%) Java Engineer
4 16 (7.41%) AWS Developer
5 15 (6.94%) Senior Developer
6 14 (6.48%) Senior Java Developer
7 12 (5.56%) Architect
8 10 (4.63%) Agile Developer
8 10 (4.63%) Agile Java Developer
9 9 (4.17%) DevOps Developer
9 9 (4.17%) Full Stack Developer
10 7 (3.24%) Java Architect
10 7 (3.24%) Oracle Developer
11 6 (2.78%) DevOps Engineer
11 6 (2.78%) E-Commerce Developer
11 6 (2.78%) Front Office Developer
11 6 (2.78%) Java E-Commerce Developer
11 6 (2.78%) Java Solutions Architect
11 6 (2.78%) Low Latency Java Developer
11 6 (2.78%) Solutions Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 90 (41.67%) Spring Boot
2 54 (25.00%) Kafka
3 41 (18.98%) RESTful
4 38 (17.59%) REST
5 31 (14.35%) Hibernate
6 27 (12.50%) AngularJS
7 24 (11.11%) React
8 21 (9.72%) HTML
9 20 (9.26%) GraphQL
10 19 (8.80%) Middleware
11 16 (7.41%) JMS
12 15 (6.94%) HTML5
12 15 (6.94%) Vert.x
13 13 (6.02%) Web Services
14 12 (5.56%) Apache Camel
14 12 (5.56%) OSGi
15 11 (5.09%) JSON
15 11 (5.09%) Node.js
16 9 (4.17%) CSS
17 8 (3.70%) XML
Miscellaneous
1 27 (12.50%) Greenfield Project
2 20 (9.26%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
3 18 (8.33%) Enterprise Software
4 15 (6.94%) Fixed Income
5 11 (5.09%) Data Structures
6 9 (4.17%) Public Cloud
7 8 (3.70%) Clustering
8 7 (3.24%) Credit Risk
8 7 (3.24%) Self-Motivation
9 6 (2.78%) User Experience
10 5 (2.31%) Algorithms
10 5 (2.31%) Equities
10 5 (2.31%) Mobile App
11 4 (1.85%) Derivative
11 4 (1.85%) Grid Computing
11 4 (1.85%) Market Risk
12 3 (1.39%) Legacy Systems
13 2 (0.93%) Reference Data
14 1 (0.46%) BBC
14 1 (0.46%) Interest Rate Derivative
Operating Systems
1 16 (7.41%) Linux
2 10 (4.63%) Unix
3 3 (1.39%) Windows
4 1 (0.46%) Android
4 1 (0.46%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
4 1 (0.46%) Windows Server
Processes & Methodologies
1 115 (53.24%) Microservices
2 112 (51.85%) Agile Software Development
3 67 (31.02%) TDD
4 50 (23.15%) DevOps
5 34 (15.74%) Scrum
6 29 (13.43%) Multithreading
7 24 (11.11%) Software Engineering
7 24 (11.11%) Test Automation
8 23 (10.65%) Continuous Integration
8 23 (10.65%) Fintech
8 23 (10.65%) OO
9 21 (9.72%) Low Latency
10 17 (7.87%) High Availability
11 16 (7.41%) Open Source
12 15 (6.94%) BDD
12 15 (6.94%) E-Commerce
13 14 (6.48%) Performance Tuning
14 13 (6.02%) Electronic Trading
14 13 (6.02%) Kanban
14 13 (6.02%) Migration
Programming Languages
1 192 (88.89%) Java
2 42 (19.44%) Java 8
3 32 (14.81%) SQL
4 30 (13.89%) JavaScript
5 28 (12.96%) Kotlin
6 18 (8.33%) Python
7 14 (6.48%) Scala
8 13 (6.02%) Java 11
9 8 (3.70%) TypeScript
10 6 (2.78%) PL/SQL
11 4 (1.85%) C#
12 3 (1.39%) Haskell
13 2 (0.93%) C
13 2 (0.93%) Perl
13 2 (0.93%) Shell Script
14 1 (0.46%) C++
14 1 (0.46%) Korn
14 1 (0.46%) PHP
14 1 (0.46%) Ruby
14 1 (0.46%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 4 (1.85%) Security Cleared
2 3 (1.39%) Degree
3 2 (0.93%) Computer Science Degree
3 2 (0.93%) SC Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 5 (2.31%) QA
2 3 (1.39%) PMO
3 1 (0.46%) Accessibility
3 1 (0.46%) Data Quality
System Software
1 59 (27.31%) Docker
2 1 (0.46%) Active Directory
2 1 (0.46%) HDFS
2 1 (0.46%) Platform Symphony
2 1 (0.46%) RACF
Systems Management
1 70 (32.41%) Kubernetes
2 16 (7.41%) Ansible
3 15 (6.94%) Terraform
4 1 (0.46%) HP ALM
4 1 (0.46%) Kibana
4 1 (0.46%) logstash
Vendors
1 27 (12.50%) Oracle
2 9 (4.17%) MuleSoft
3 7 (3.24%) Solace
4 6 (2.78%) Google
5 3 (1.39%) Perforce
6 2 (0.93%) Atlassian
6 2 (0.93%) Databricks
6 2 (0.93%) Dynatrace
6 2 (0.93%) hybris
6 2 (0.93%) Salesforce.com
6 2 (0.93%) Splunk
6 2 (0.93%) Sybase
7 1 (0.46%) Alteryx
7 1 (0.46%) Green Hills
7 1 (0.46%) IBM
7 1 (0.46%) PeopleSoft
7 1 (0.46%) SAP
7 1 (0.46%) Workday
7 1 (0.46%) WorldPay
7 1 (0.46%) Zend