Period
to

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for Spring skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Spring over the 6 months to 12 August 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Pivotal Spring Framework
Central London > City of London
6 months to
12 Aug 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 50 35 63
Rank change year-on-year -15 +28 -13
Contract jobs citing Spring 197 219 70
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the City of London 4.35% 6.31% 3.23%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 14.36% 18.81% 9.87%
Number of daily rates quoted 131 179 59
10th Percentile £500 £450 £421
25th Percentile £581 £531 £503
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £688 £625 £575
Median % change year-on-year +10.00% +8.70% +4.55%
75th Percentile £738 £688 £633
90th Percentile £800 £750 £651
Central London median daily rate £675 £613 £575
% change year-on-year +10.20% +6.48% +4.59%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2 3 1
10th Percentile £44.83 £27.20 -
25th Percentile £50.19 £30.13 £52.50
Median hourly rate £59.75 £35.00 £55.00
Median % change year-on-year +70.71% -36.36% -
75th Percentile £68.69 £52.50 £57.50
90th Percentile £73.68 £63.00 -
Central London median hourly rate £59.75 £35.00 £55.00
% change year-on-year +70.71% -36.36% -

Spring is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
City of London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 1,372 1,164 709
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 30.30% 33.56% 32.73%
Number of daily rates quoted 995 883 550
10th Percentile £425 £411 £375
25th Percentile £500 £475 £450
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £600 £600 £525
Median % change year-on-year - +14.29% -
75th Percentile £719 £656 £613
90th Percentile £800 £738 £688
Central London median daily rate £600 £585 £525
% change year-on-year +2.56% +11.43% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 5 9 6
10th Percentile £43.25 £16.00 £28.13
25th Percentile £46.25 £21.25 £33.75
Median hourly rate £72.50 £35.00 £38.25
Median % change year-on-year +107.14% -8.50% -8.37%
75th Percentile £78.75 £37.75 £45.81
90th Percentile - £68.20 £52.63
Central London median hourly rate £72.50 £35.00 £38.25
% change year-on-year +107.14% -8.50% -11.37%

Spring
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing Spring as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for Spring in the City of London

Spring
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Spring in the City of London.

Daily rate trend for Spring in the City of London

Spring
Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Spring in the City of London over the 6 months to 12 August 2022.

Daily rate histogram for Spring in the City of London

Spring
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Spring in the City of London.

Hourly rate trend for Spring in the City of London

Spring
Hourly Rate Histogram in the City of London

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Spring in the City of London over the 6 months to 12 August 2022.

Hourly rate histogram for Spring in the City of London

For the 6 months to 12 August 2022, IT contractor jobs citing Spring also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for Spring.

1 188 (95.43%) Java
2 108 (54.82%) Spring Boot
3 102 (51.78%) Microservices
4 101 (51.27%) Agile
5 77 (39.09%) REST
6 70 (35.53%) CI/CD
7 68 (34.52%) TDD
8 62 (31.47%) Finance
9 54 (27.41%) Kafka
10 52 (26.40%) JavaScript
11 51 (25.89%) Maven
12 46 (23.35%) Docker
12 46 (23.35%) Kubernetes
13 45 (22.84%) Banking
14 42 (21.32%) HTML
15 40 (20.30%) Jenkins
16 38 (19.29%) Full Stack Development
17 36 (18.27%) Cucumber
17 36 (18.27%) Oracle
18 34 (17.26%) SQL
18 34 (17.26%) Continuous Integration
18 34 (17.26%) AWS
19 31 (15.74%) DevOps
20 30 (15.23%) JUnit
21 29 (14.72%) Git (software)
21 29 (14.72%) React
22 28 (14.21%) SQL Server
23 27 (13.71%) Scrum
23 27 (13.71%) Test Automation
24 26 (13.20%) Software Engineering

Spring
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 9 (4.57%) Tomcat
2 6 (3.05%) Apache
2 6 (3.05%) JBoss
3 5 (2.54%) Apache Solr
3 5 (2.54%) IIS
3 5 (2.54%) WebLogic
4 4 (2.03%) Confluence
4 4 (2.03%) Oracle Coherence
5 3 (1.52%) Alfresco
5 3 (1.52%) nginx
6 2 (1.02%) Cloud Foundry
6 2 (1.02%) CMS
6 2 (1.02%) Red Hat Fuse
7 1 (0.51%) FileNet
7 1 (0.51%) Jetty
7 1 (0.51%) Mule
Business Applications
1 4 (2.03%) ION MarketView
2 2 (1.02%) Salesforce.com CRM
2 2 (1.02%) WebTrends
3 1 (0.51%) BondVision
3 1 (0.51%) Oracle BPM
3 1 (0.51%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
Cloud Services
1 34 (17.26%) AWS
2 13 (6.60%) Azure
2 13 (6.60%) GitHub
3 10 (5.08%) GCP
4 7 (3.55%) OpenShift
5 5 (2.54%) Amazon EC2
6 4 (2.03%) IBM Cloud
6 4 (2.03%) NuGet
7 3 (1.52%) Amazon S3
7 3 (1.52%) Amazon SQS
7 3 (1.52%) Azure DevOps
7 3 (1.52%) npm
8 2 (1.02%) AWS Lambda
8 2 (1.02%) Force.com
8 2 (1.02%) Google Analytics
8 2 (1.02%) SaaS
8 2 (1.02%) Serverless
9 1 (0.51%) Amazon CloudWatch
9 1 (0.51%) Apigee
9 1 (0.51%) Slack
Communications & Networking
1 7 (3.55%) Internet
2 2 (1.02%) AMQP
2 2 (1.02%) HTTP
2 2 (1.02%) Intranet
2 2 (1.02%) SSL
3 1 (0.51%) Kerberos
Database & Business Intelligence
1 28 (14.21%) SQL Server
2 23 (11.68%) Redis
3 17 (8.63%) Relational Database
4 16 (8.12%) PostgreSQL
5 15 (7.61%) NoSQL
6 13 (6.60%) Elasticsearch
7 11 (5.58%) RDBMS
8 9 (4.57%) MongoDB
9 8 (4.06%) MySQL
9 8 (4.06%) Oracle Database
10 5 (2.54%) Big Data
11 4 (2.03%) Apache Cassandra
11 4 (2.03%) DynamoDB
12 3 (1.52%) Hazelcast
12 3 (1.52%) SQL Server Integration Services
13 2 (1.02%) Hadoop
14 1 (0.51%) KDB
14 1 (0.51%) Microsoft Analysis Services
14 1 (0.51%) OLAP
14 1 (0.51%) SQL Server Analysis Services
Development Applications
1 51 (25.89%) Maven
2 40 (20.30%) Jenkins
3 36 (18.27%) Cucumber
4 30 (15.23%) JUnit
5 29 (14.72%) Git (software)
6 18 (9.14%) JIRA
7 16 (8.12%) Gradle
8 13 (6.60%) TeamCity
9 10 (5.08%) Atlassian Bamboo
9 10 (5.08%) Mockito
10 7 (3.55%) IntelliJ
10 7 (3.55%) JBehave
11 6 (3.05%) Eclipse
11 6 (3.05%) Selenium
12 5 (2.54%) Bitbucket
12 5 (2.54%) JMeter
12 5 (2.54%) Mercurial
12 5 (2.54%) NeoLoad
12 5 (2.54%) SoapUI
13 4 (2.03%) Artifactory
General
1 62 (31.47%) Finance
2 45 (22.84%) Banking
3 24 (12.18%) Social Skills
4 16 (8.12%) Front Office
5 13 (6.60%) Retail
6 10 (5.08%) Analytical Skills
7 9 (4.57%) Investment Banking
8 8 (4.06%) Financial Institution
8 8 (4.06%) Legal
9 3 (1.52%) Law
10 2 (1.02%) Advertising
10 2 (1.02%) Automotive
11 1 (0.51%) Billing
11 1 (0.51%) Documentation Skills
11 1 (0.51%) German Language
11 1 (0.51%) Presentation Skills
11 1 (0.51%) Public Sector
11 1 (0.51%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 143 (72.59%) Developer
2 123 (62.44%) Java Developer
3 26 (13.20%) Java Engineer
4 18 (9.14%) Senior Java Engineer
5 14 (7.11%) Full Stack Developer
6 11 (5.58%) React Developer
6 11 (5.58%) Senior Developer
6 11 (5.58%) Senior Java Developer
6 11 (5.58%) Software Engineer
7 9 (4.57%) Front Office Developer
8 8 (4.06%) Java Software Engineer
9 7 (3.55%) Senior Software Engineer
10 6 (3.05%) Agile Developer
10 6 (3.05%) Agile Java Developer
10 6 (3.05%) C# Developer
10 6 (3.05%) DevOps Developer
10 6 (3.05%) Electronic Trading Developer
10 6 (3.05%) Electronic Trading Java Developer
11 5 (2.54%) Senior Java Software Engineer
11 5 (2.54%) Web Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 108 (54.82%) Spring Boot
2 77 (39.09%) REST
3 54 (27.41%) Kafka
4 42 (21.32%) HTML
5 29 (14.72%) React
6 26 (13.20%) Hibernate
6 26 (13.20%) HTML5
7 23 (11.68%) RESTful
8 20 (10.15%) CSS
9 18 (9.14%) AngularJS
9 18 (9.14%) JMS
10 17 (8.63%) JSON
11 16 (8.12%) Redux
11 16 (8.12%) Spring Cloud
12 15 (7.61%) Web Services
13 13 (6.60%) XML
14 12 (6.09%) JPA
14 12 (6.09%) Node.js
14 12 (6.09%) Spring WebFlux
15 11 (5.58%) WebSockets
Miscellaneous
1 16 (8.12%) Enterprise Software
2 10 (5.08%) Clustering
2 10 (5.08%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
3 9 (4.57%) Hedge funds
4 8 (4.06%) Fixed Income
5 5 (2.54%) Public Cloud
5 5 (2.54%) User Experience
6 4 (2.03%) Credit Risk
6 4 (2.03%) Equities
6 4 (2.03%) Greenfield Project
6 4 (2.03%) Private Cloud
7 3 (1.52%) Data Fabric
7 3 (1.52%) Market Risk
7 3 (1.52%) Robotics
8 2 (1.02%) Algorithms
8 2 (1.02%) Cloud Native
8 2 (1.02%) Legacy Applications
9 1 (0.51%) Linux Command Line
9 1 (0.51%) OTC Derivatives
9 1 (0.51%) Self-Motivation
Operating Systems
1 12 (6.09%) Linux
1 12 (6.09%) Unix
2 5 (2.54%) Windows
3 2 (1.02%) Windows Server
3 2 (1.02%) Windows Server 2016
3 2 (1.02%) Windows Server 2019
4 1 (0.51%) Android
4 1 (0.51%) Oracle Linux
4 1 (0.51%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
4 1 (0.51%) Solaris
4 1 (0.51%) Ubuntu
Processes & Methodologies
1 102 (51.78%) Microservices
2 101 (51.27%) Agile
3 70 (35.53%) CI/CD
4 68 (34.52%) TDD
5 38 (19.29%) Full Stack Development
6 34 (17.26%) Continuous Integration
7 31 (15.74%) DevOps
8 27 (13.71%) Scrum
8 27 (13.71%) Test Automation
9 26 (13.20%) Software Engineering
10 24 (12.18%) Multithreading
11 22 (11.17%) OO
12 21 (10.66%) Event-Driven
13 20 (10.15%) BDD
13 20 (10.15%) SDLC
14 19 (9.64%) Web Development
15 13 (6.60%) Containerisation
15 13 (6.60%) Event-Driven Architecture
15 13 (6.60%) Unit Testing
16 12 (6.09%) High Availability
Programming Languages
1 188 (95.43%) Java
2 52 (26.40%) JavaScript
3 34 (17.26%) SQL
4 15 (7.61%) Python
5 14 (7.11%) C#
6 10 (5.08%) PL/SQL
7 8 (4.06%) Bash
7 8 (4.06%) ES6
7 8 (4.06%) Kotlin
7 8 (4.06%) TypeScript
8 7 (3.55%) Perl
9 4 (2.03%) C++
10 2 (1.02%) Apex Code
10 2 (1.02%) Formula Language
10 2 (1.02%) Ruby
10 2 (1.02%) Shell Script
10 2 (1.02%) SOQL
10 2 (1.02%) SOSL
11 1 (0.51%) Go
11 1 (0.51%) R
Qualifications
1 6 (3.05%) Security Cleared
2 4 (2.03%) SC Cleared
3 3 (1.52%) Degree
4 1 (0.51%) BPSS Clearance
4 1 (0.51%) Computer Science Degree
4 1 (0.51%) DV Cleared
4 1 (0.51%) OCP
4 1 (0.51%) Oracle Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 18 (9.14%) QA
2 8 (4.06%) GDPR
3 6 (3.05%) Accessibility
4 3 (1.52%) Data Quality
5 1 (0.51%) ISO/IEC 20000
System Software
1 46 (23.35%) Docker
2 4 (2.03%) Platform Symphony
3 3 (1.52%) Virtual Machines
4 1 (0.51%) HDFS
4 1 (0.51%) Oracle RAC
4 1 (0.51%) VirtualBox
Systems Management
1 46 (23.35%) Kubernetes
2 23 (11.68%) Terraform
3 20 (10.15%) Ansible
4 7 (3.55%) Kibana
5 5 (2.54%) logstash
5 5 (2.54%) Puppet
5 5 (2.54%) Rancher
6 4 (2.03%) Docker Swarm
6 4 (2.03%) ITRS Geneos
6 4 (2.03%) Mesos
7 3 (1.52%) HAProxy
8 1 (0.51%) Data Guard
8 1 (0.51%) NetBackup
Vendors
1 36 (18.27%) Oracle
2 13 (6.60%) Microsoft
3 9 (4.57%) Google
4 8 (4.06%) IBM
5 7 (3.55%) Splunk
6 5 (2.54%) Confluent
7 4 (2.03%) Dynatrace
7 4 (2.03%) ION Trading
7 4 (2.03%) Sybase
8 2 (1.02%) FatWire
8 2 (1.02%) Red Hat
8 2 (1.02%) Salesforce.com
9 1 (0.51%) Bloomberg
9 1 (0.51%) Blue Coat
9 1 (0.51%) Broadcom
9 1 (0.51%) Cadence
9 1 (0.51%) F5
9 1 (0.51%) HP
9 1 (0.51%) MarketAxess
9 1 (0.51%) Sparx