Period
to 18 August 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for Spring skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Spring over the 6 months to 18 August 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Pivotal Spring Framework
Central London > City of London
6 months to
18 Aug 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 51 51 62
Rank change year-on-year 0 +11 +17
Contract jobs citing Spring 281 315 255
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 4.35% 4.47% 3.83%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 11.93% 11.30% 10.16%
Number of daily rates quoted 232 283 201
City of London median daily rate £550 £550 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +10.00% -4.76%
10th Percentile £444 £425 £363
90th Percentile £686 £650 £675
Central London median daily rate £550 £550 £500
% change year-on-year - +10.00% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 0 0
City of London median hourly rate - - -
Central London median hourly rate - - -

Spring is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
City of London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 2,356 2,788 2,510
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 36.50% 39.60% 37.70%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,900 2,276 2,020
City of London median daily rate £525 £525 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.00% +5.26%
10th Percentile £409 £373 £363
90th Percentile £675 £675 £650
Central London median daily rate £525 £525 £500
% change year-on-year - +5.00% +8.11%
Number of hourly rates quoted 12 11 11
City of London median hourly rate £46.85 £22.00 £24.49
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +112.94% -10.15% +22.43%
10th Percentile £23.28 £21.00 £20.75
90th Percentile £60.33 £62.50 £29.62
Central London median hourly rate £49.13 £27.00 £24.36
% change year-on-year +81.96% +10.84% +21.80%

Spring
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing Spring as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for Spring in the City of London

Spring
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Spring in the City of London.

Contractor daily rate trend for Spring in the City of London

Spring
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Spring in the City of London over the 6 months to 18 August 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Spring in the City of London

Spring
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Spring in the City of London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Spring in the City of London

Spring
Contract Job Locations in the City of London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Spring within the City of London region over the 6 months to 18 August 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London Bridge -27 11 £575 -
Moorgate - 5 £500 -
Spring
Central London

For the 6 months to 18 August 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Spring also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for Spring.

1 270 (96.09%) Java
2 143 (50.89%) Agile Software Development
3 141 (50.18%) Microservices
4 119 (42.35%) Spring Boot
5 101 (35.94%) TDD
6 88 (31.32%) Docker
7 87 (30.96%) Java 8
8 75 (26.69%) Finance
9 67 (23.84%) Amazon AWS
9 67 (23.84%) Kafka
10 66 (23.49%) JavaScript
11 59 (21.00%) SQL
11 59 (21.00%) Kubernetes
12 58 (20.64%) BDD
13 54 (19.22%) Hibernate
14 51 (18.15%) DevOps
15 50 (17.79%) Git (software)
16 45 (16.01%) Banking
17 44 (15.66%) HTML
18 42 (14.95%) AngularJS
19 39 (13.88%) RESTful
20 38 (13.52%) Scala
21 37 (13.17%) Linux
22 36 (12.81%) NoSQL
23 35 (12.46%) Maven
23 35 (12.46%) Software Engineering
24 34 (12.10%) Python
25 33 (11.74%) REST
26 32 (11.39%) CSS
27 31 (11.03%) Jenkins

Spring
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 27 (9.61%) Apache Spark
2 15 (5.34%) Confluence
2 15 (5.34%) JBoss
3 12 (4.27%) Tomcat
4 10 (3.56%) Apache
5 9 (3.20%) Elasticsearch
6 7 (2.49%) Jetty
6 7 (2.49%) WebLogic
7 6 (2.14%) WebSphere
8 4 (1.42%) Magnolia
9 3 (1.07%) Apache Solr
9 3 (1.07%) nginx
10 2 (0.71%) BizTalk Server
10 2 (0.71%) Cloud Foundry
10 2 (0.71%) Oracle Self-Service HR
11 1 (0.36%) Drupal
11 1 (0.36%) GlassFish
11 1 (0.36%) Mule
11 1 (0.36%) SharePoint
11 1 (0.36%) WebSphere Application Server
Applications
1 2 (0.71%) Microsoft Excel
Business Applications
1 7 (2.49%) SAP ERP
1 7 (2.49%) SAP Hybris
2 3 (1.07%) Salesforce.com CRM
3 1 (0.36%) BusinessWorks
3 1 (0.36%) Dynamics CRM
3 1 (0.36%) Oracle EBS
Cloud Services
1 67 (23.84%) Amazon AWS
2 16 (5.69%) Microsoft Azure
3 9 (3.20%) Amazon SQS
3 9 (3.20%) OpenShift
4 8 (2.85%) GitHub
5 6 (2.14%) Google Cloud Platform
5 6 (2.14%) Serverless
6 5 (1.78%) Apigee
6 5 (1.78%) AWS Lambda
7 3 (1.07%) Amazon ElastiCache
8 2 (0.71%) AWS CloudFormation
8 2 (0.71%) Cloud Computing
8 2 (0.71%) Datadog
8 2 (0.71%) npm
8 2 (0.71%) PaaS
8 2 (0.71%) SaaS
9 1 (0.36%) AWS CodePipeline
9 1 (0.36%) AWS Fargate
9 1 (0.36%) Dynamics 365
9 1 (0.36%) Yarn
Communications & Networking
1 17 (6.05%) HTTP
2 9 (3.20%) SSL
3 8 (2.85%) DNS
3 8 (2.85%) FTP
3 8 (2.85%) Internet
3 8 (2.85%) TCP/IP
4 4 (1.42%) Kerberos
5 2 (0.71%) SSH
6 1 (0.36%) AMQP
6 1 (0.36%) Firewall
6 1 (0.36%) SAN
6 1 (0.36%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 36 (12.81%) NoSQL
2 28 (9.96%) MongoDB
3 23 (8.19%) Hadoop
4 20 (7.12%) Relational Database
5 18 (6.41%) PostgreSQL
6 15 (5.34%) Apache Cassandra
7 14 (4.98%) Redis
7 14 (4.98%) SQL Server
8 12 (4.27%) HBase
8 12 (4.27%) RDBMS
9 10 (3.56%) Big Data
9 10 (3.56%) Oracle Database
10 9 (3.20%) Apache Hive
10 9 (3.20%) MySQL
11 7 (2.49%) Riak
12 6 (2.14%) Flink
13 3 (1.07%) Amazon Athena
13 3 (1.07%) Blockchain
13 3 (1.07%) Impala
14 2 (0.71%) InfluxDB
Development Applications
1 50 (17.79%) Git (software)
2 35 (12.46%) Maven
3 31 (11.03%) Jenkins
4 24 (8.54%) JIRA
5 22 (7.83%) JUnit
6 19 (6.76%) Gradle
7 18 (6.41%) Cucumber
8 12 (4.27%) Selenium
9 9 (3.20%) gulp
9 9 (3.20%) Mockito
9 9 (3.20%) Subversion
10 8 (2.85%) GitLab
11 7 (2.49%) Ant
11 7 (2.49%) Gatling
11 7 (2.49%) Geb
11 7 (2.49%) Spock
11 7 (2.49%) TeamCity
11 7 (2.49%) Travis CI
12 5 (1.78%) Babel
12 5 (1.78%) IntelliJ
General
1 75 (26.69%) Finance
2 45 (16.01%) Banking
3 17 (6.05%) Retail
4 16 (5.69%) Front Office
5 14 (4.98%) Investment Banking
6 10 (3.56%) Retail Banking
7 7 (2.49%) Financial Institution
8 4 (1.42%) Back Office
8 4 (1.42%) Public Sector
9 1 (0.36%) Advertising
9 1 (0.36%) German Language
9 1 (0.36%) Legal
9 1 (0.36%) Marketing
9 1 (0.36%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 190 (67.62%) Developer
2 166 (59.07%) Java Developer
3 40 (14.23%) Full Stack Developer
4 34 (12.10%) Senior Developer
5 31 (11.03%) Senior Java Developer
6 19 (6.76%) Java Engineer
7 18 (6.41%) Architect
8 11 (3.91%) AWS Developer
8 11 (3.91%) Java Developer - Fintech
9 8 (2.85%) Junior
9 8 (2.85%) Software Engineer
10 7 (2.49%) Angular Developer
10 7 (2.49%) Backend Developer
10 7 (2.49%) Hadoop Developer
10 7 (2.49%) Hybris Architect
10 7 (2.49%) Java Hadoop Developer
10 7 (2.49%) JavaScript Developer
10 7 (2.49%) Junior Developer
10 7 (2.49%) Junior Java Developer
10 7 (2.49%) SAP Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 119 (42.35%) Spring Boot
2 67 (23.84%) Kafka
3 54 (19.22%) Hibernate
4 44 (15.66%) HTML
5 42 (14.95%) AngularJS
6 39 (13.88%) RESTful
7 33 (11.74%) REST
8 32 (11.39%) CSS
9 27 (9.61%) Node.js
9 27 (9.61%) Web Services
10 25 (8.90%) HTML5
11 24 (8.54%) XML
12 23 (8.19%) Spring Cloud
13 20 (7.12%) React
14 18 (6.41%) JSON
15 16 (5.69%) J2EE
15 16 (5.69%) Middleware
16 15 (5.34%) SOAP
17 13 (4.63%) CSS3
18 11 (3.91%) Redux
Miscellaneous
1 25 (8.90%) Greenfield Project
2 20 (7.12%) Enterprise Software
3 15 (5.34%) User Experience
4 11 (3.91%) Analytical Skills
5 8 (2.85%) Linux Command Line
6 7 (2.49%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
7 6 (2.14%) Algorithms
7 6 (2.14%) Equities
7 6 (2.14%) Mobile App
8 4 (1.42%) Cloud Native
8 4 (1.42%) Data Protection Act
8 4 (1.42%) Data Structures
8 4 (1.42%) Fixed Income
8 4 (1.42%) Self-Motivation
9 3 (1.07%) Derivative
9 3 (1.07%) PKI
10 2 (0.71%) Smart Home
11 1 (0.36%) NHS
11 1 (0.36%) Replication
11 1 (0.36%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 37 (13.17%) Linux
2 25 (8.90%) Unix
3 7 (2.49%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
3 7 (2.49%) Windows
4 6 (2.14%) Ubuntu
5 4 (1.42%) Apple iOS
5 4 (1.42%) Windows Server
6 3 (1.07%) Android
7 2 (0.71%) CentOS
7 2 (0.71%) Debian
7 2 (0.71%) Mac OS X
8 1 (0.36%) Amazon Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 143 (50.89%) Agile Software Development
2 141 (50.18%) Microservices
3 101 (35.94%) TDD
4 58 (20.64%) BDD
5 51 (18.15%) DevOps
6 35 (12.46%) Software Engineering
7 30 (10.68%) SDLC
8 26 (9.25%) Scrum
9 22 (7.83%) Fintech
10 21 (7.47%) E-Commerce
11 20 (7.12%) OOP
12 18 (6.41%) Computer Science
12 18 (6.41%) Test Automation
13 15 (5.34%) Kanban
13 15 (5.34%) Multithreading
13 15 (5.34%) MVC
13 15 (5.34%) OO
13 15 (5.34%) Pair Programming
14 13 (4.63%) Problem-Solving
15 11 (3.91%) Continuous Integration
Programming Languages
1 270 (96.09%) Java
2 87 (30.96%) Java 8
3 66 (23.49%) JavaScript
4 59 (21.00%) SQL
5 38 (13.52%) Scala
6 34 (12.10%) Python
7 20 (7.12%) TypeScript
8 17 (6.05%) ES6
9 10 (3.56%) Kotlin
10 9 (3.20%) Perl
10 9 (3.20%) Ruby
10 9 (3.20%) Shell Script
11 8 (2.85%) C#
12 7 (2.49%) Bash Shell
12 7 (2.49%) R
13 4 (1.42%) C++
13 4 (1.42%) Clojure
13 4 (1.42%) PHP
13 4 (1.42%) PL/SQL
14 3 (1.07%) ClojureScript
Qualifications
1 12 (4.27%) Degree
2 7 (2.49%) Computer Science Degree
3 6 (2.14%) Security Cleared
4 5 (1.78%) SC Cleared
5 3 (1.07%) Master's Degree
6 2 (0.71%) BPSS Clearance
7 1 (0.36%) CEH
7 1 (0.36%) CISSP
7 1 (0.36%) DV Cleared
7 1 (0.36%) GIAC
7 1 (0.36%) GPEN
7 1 (0.36%) OSCP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 13 (4.63%) QA
2 2 (0.71%) Data Quality
3 1 (0.36%) EMIR
3 1 (0.36%) MiFID
System Software
1 88 (31.32%) Docker
2 9 (3.20%) HDFS
3 5 (1.78%) Apache ZooKeeper
4 2 (0.71%) VMware Infrastructure
5 1 (0.36%) Oracle RAC
5 1 (0.36%) Virtual Machines
Systems Management
1 59 (21.00%) Kubernetes
2 19 (6.76%) Ansible
3 16 (5.69%) Terraform
4 9 (3.20%) Puppet
5 8 (2.85%) Opscode Chef
6 7 (2.49%) Docker Swarm
6 7 (2.49%) Hadoop YARN
7 6 (2.14%) Marathon
7 6 (2.14%) Mesos
8 5 (1.78%) Cobbler
8 5 (1.78%) Grafana
9 4 (1.42%) Prometheus
10 3 (1.07%) Kibana
11 2 (0.71%) Consul
11 2 (0.71%) Istio
11 2 (0.71%) Salt
12 1 (0.36%) Data Guard
12 1 (0.36%) Kubeflow
12 1 (0.36%) logstash
12 1 (0.36%) Nexpose
Vendors
1 25 (8.90%) Oracle
2 14 (4.98%) hybris
3 9 (3.20%) Google
4 7 (2.49%) Microsoft
4 7 (2.49%) SAP
4 7 (2.49%) Sybase
5 5 (1.78%) Red Hat
6 3 (1.07%) Cloudera
6 3 (1.07%) Salesforce.com
7 2 (0.71%) Hortonworks
7 2 (0.71%) IBM
7 2 (0.71%) MuleSoft
7 2 (0.71%) Perforce
7 2 (0.71%) Splunk
7 2 (0.71%) VMware
8 1 (0.36%) Bloomberg
8 1 (0.36%) Cisco
8 1 (0.36%) MicroStrategy
8 1 (0.36%) Reuters
8 1 (0.36%) webMethods