Period
to 18 October 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the South East with a requirement for Unit Testing skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Unit Testing over the 6 months to 18 October 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Unit Testing
England > South East
6 months to
18 Oct 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 135 122 152
Rank change year-on-year -13 +30 +20
Contract jobs citing Unit Testing 304 321 264
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the South East 1.85% 1.97% 1.55%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 2.15% 2.34% 1.85%
Number of daily rates quoted 208 216 131
South East median daily rate £425 £450 £375
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -5.56% +20.00% +10.29%
10th Percentile £313 £325 £281
90th Percentile £525 £590 £525
England median daily rate £475 £450 £425
% change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +2.41%
Number of hourly rates quoted 29 14 2
South East median hourly rate £51.00 £47.50 £55.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +7.37% -13.64% -
England median hourly rate £49.50 £42.88 £41.25
% change year-on-year +15.45% +3.94% +10.00%

Unit Testing is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the South East with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
South East
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 14,135 13,702 14,284
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the South East 85.92% 84.21% 83.86%
Number of daily rates quoted 8,517 8,185 8,689
South East median daily rate £435 £425 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.35% +6.25% +3.23%
10th Percentile £275 £263 £250
90th Percentile £588 £575 £550
England median daily rate £470 £450 £425
% change year-on-year +4.44% +5.88% +3.03%
Number of hourly rates quoted 494 468 589
South East median hourly rate £27.00 £22.50 £22.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +20.00% - -2.17%
10th Percentile £11.85 £11.25 £11.73
90th Percentile £51.25 £49.50 £50.00
England median hourly rate £21.00 £24.66 £22.50
% change year-on-year -14.84% +9.60% +3.85%

Unit Testing
Job Vacancy Trend in the South East

Job postings citing Unit Testing as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in the South East.

Job vacancy trend for Unit Testing in the South East

Unit Testing
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the South East

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Unit Testing in the South East.

Contractor daily rate trend for Unit Testing in the South East

Unit Testing
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in the South East

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Unit Testing in the South East over the 6 months to 18 October 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Unit Testing in the South East

Unit Testing
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the South East

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Unit Testing in the South East.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Unit Testing in the South East

Unit Testing
Contract Job Locations in the South East

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Unit Testing within the South East region over the 6 months to 18 October 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Thames Valley -47 85 £425 -15.00% 54
Surrey -5 84 £481 +6.94% 46
Hampshire -7 70 £350 -6.67% 14
West Sussex +1 42 £450 +24.14% 10
Berkshire +3 40 £438 -2.78% 20
Oxfordshire -24 31 £413 -26.34% 20
Buckinghamshire -19 14 £425 +21.43% 14
Kent +9 12 £418 +23.70% 14
East Sussex +2 10 £455 -2.93% 3
Unit Testing
England

For the 6 months to 18 October 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Unit Testing also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the South East region with a requirement for Unit Testing.

1 195 (64.14%) Agile Software Development
2 114 (37.50%) Scrum
3 105 (34.54%) TDD
3 105 (34.54%) Java
4 96 (31.58%) JavaScript
5 94 (30.92%) C#
6 90 (29.61%) .NET
7 81 (26.64%) Software Engineering
8 75 (24.67%) SQL
9 72 (23.68%) Web Services
9 72 (23.68%) RESTful
9 72 (23.68%) AngularJS
10 71 (23.36%) Spring
11 66 (21.71%) Linux
11 66 (21.71%) Git (software)
12 65 (21.38%) HTML
12 65 (21.38%) Problem-Solving
13 60 (19.74%) SQL Server
14 57 (18.75%) Kanban
15 56 (18.42%) Continuous Integration
15 56 (18.42%) Jenkins
16 55 (18.09%) BDD
17 53 (17.43%) REST
17 53 (17.43%) MVC
18 52 (17.11%) CSS
18 52 (17.11%) .NET Framework
19 51 (16.78%) Degree
19 51 (16.78%) JIRA
20 49 (16.12%) Finance
20 49 (16.12%) Spring Boot

Unit Testing
Co-occurring IT Skills in the South East by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 40 (13.16%) Confluence
2 28 (9.21%) Apache
3 26 (8.55%) Apache Spark
4 20 (6.58%) CMS
5 9 (2.96%) Elasticsearch
5 9 (2.96%) Sitecore CMS
6 7 (2.30%) Adobe Experience Manager
6 7 (2.30%) Apache Solr
6 7 (2.30%) IIS
6 7 (2.30%) SharePoint
7 5 (1.64%) Oracle SOA Suite
8 3 (0.99%) JBoss
8 3 (0.99%) Oracle Self-Service HR
9 2 (0.66%) Cloud Foundry
9 2 (0.66%) GemFire
9 2 (0.66%) Oracle Service Bus
9 2 (0.66%) Tomcat
9 2 (0.66%) WebLogic
10 1 (0.33%) Drupal
10 1 (0.33%) SAS
Applications
1 3 (0.99%) Microsoft Office
2 2 (0.66%) SOLIDWORKS
3 1 (0.33%) Adobe Creative Suite
Business Applications
1 5 (1.64%) Oracle EBS
2 3 (0.99%) Oracle BPM
2 3 (0.99%) Oracle EBS R12
2 3 (0.99%) Oracle General Ledger
2 3 (0.99%) Oracle Payables
2 3 (0.99%) Oracle Payroll
2 3 (0.99%) Oracle Receivables
3 2 (0.66%) Dynamics CRM
3 2 (0.66%) SAP PS
4 1 (0.33%) SAP BPC
4 1 (0.33%) SAP ERP
Cloud Services
1 34 (11.18%) Microsoft Azure
2 29 (9.54%) Amazon AWS
3 25 (8.22%) Serverless
4 18 (5.92%) AWS Lambda
5 11 (3.62%) Amazon Kinesis
5 11 (3.62%) AWS CloudFormation
6 7 (2.30%) Amazon CloudWatch
6 7 (2.30%) Amazon EC2
6 7 (2.30%) Amazon ElastiCache
6 7 (2.30%) Amazon S3
6 7 (2.30%) Amazon SQS
6 7 (2.30%) CloudFront
6 7 (2.30%) GitHub
7 5 (1.64%) PaaS
8 4 (1.32%) Azure Functions
9 3 (0.99%) SaaS
10 2 (0.66%) Dynamics 365
10 2 (0.66%) npm
11 1 (0.33%) Azure Data Factory
11 1 (0.33%) Oracle CX
Communications & Networking
1 3 (0.99%) Internet
2 2 (0.66%) Broadband
3 1 (0.33%) DNS
3 1 (0.33%) Ethernet
3 1 (0.33%) FTP
3 1 (0.33%) GPRS
3 1 (0.33%) GSM
3 1 (0.33%) HTTP
3 1 (0.33%) iSCSI
3 1 (0.33%) SAN
3 1 (0.33%) SMS
3 1 (0.33%) TCP/IP
3 1 (0.33%) WAN
3 1 (0.33%) Wi-Fi
3 1 (0.33%) Wireless
3 1 (0.33%) ZigBee
Database & Business Intelligence
1 60 (19.74%) SQL Server
2 27 (8.88%) Big Data
2 27 (8.88%) Hadoop
3 18 (5.92%) Amazon DynamoDB
4 8 (2.63%) Oracle Database
4 8 (2.63%) SQL Server 2008
5 6 (1.97%) NoSQL
6 5 (1.64%) Cosmos DB
6 5 (1.64%) Data Warehouse
7 4 (1.32%) DB2
7 4 (1.32%) Power BI
8 3 (0.99%) Apache Hive
8 3 (0.99%) HBase
8 3 (0.99%) MongoDB
8 3 (0.99%) Oracle Reports
8 3 (0.99%) Relational Database
9 2 (0.66%) Azure SQL Database
9 2 (0.66%) SAP BW
9 2 (0.66%) SAP Data Services
9 2 (0.66%) SQL Server 2012
Development Applications
1 66 (21.71%) Git (software)
2 56 (18.42%) Jenkins
3 51 (16.78%) JIRA
4 36 (11.84%) JUnit
5 26 (8.55%) Visual Studio
6 25 (8.22%) Maven
7 23 (7.57%) Selenium
8 22 (7.24%) Gradle
9 20 (6.58%) IntelliJ
9 20 (6.58%) Mercurial
10 19 (6.25%) TeamCity
11 17 (5.59%) Mockito
11 17 (5.59%) Octopus Deploy
12 15 (4.93%) Eclipse
13 11 (3.62%) SoapUI
14 9 (2.96%) Team Foundation Server
15 8 (2.63%) SpecFlow
15 8 (2.63%) Visual Studio Team System
16 7 (2.30%) Cucumber
16 7 (2.30%) SonarQube
General
1 49 (16.12%) Finance
2 11 (3.62%) Retail
3 9 (2.96%) Publishing
4 8 (2.63%) Telecoms
5 6 (1.97%) Banking
6 5 (1.64%) Manufacturing
7 4 (1.32%) Billing
8 3 (0.99%) Automotive
8 3 (0.99%) Games
8 3 (0.99%) Military
9 2 (0.66%) Pharmaceutical
10 1 (0.33%) Aerospace
10 1 (0.33%) Back Office
10 1 (0.33%) Electronics
Job Titles
1 211 (69.41%) Developer
2 63 (20.72%) Java Developer
3 44 (14.47%) Software Engineer
4 43 (14.14%) .NET Developer
5 38 (12.50%) C# Developer
6 29 (9.54%) Senior Software Engineer
7 27 (8.88%) C# .NET Developer
7 27 (8.88%) Senior Developer
8 22 (7.24%) C++ Software Engineer
8 22 (7.24%) Linux Engineer
8 22 (7.24%) Senior C++ Software Engineer
9 21 (6.91%) Big Data Developer
9 21 (6.91%) JavaScript Developer
9 21 (6.91%) Software Developer
10 16 (5.26%) React Developer
10 16 (5.26%) Senior Linux Engineer
11 13 (4.28%) Analyst
11 13 (4.28%) SQL Developer
12 12 (3.95%) Embedded Engineer
13 11 (3.62%) Web Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 90 (29.61%) .NET
2 72 (23.68%) AngularJS
2 72 (23.68%) RESTful
2 72 (23.68%) Web Services
3 71 (23.36%) Spring
4 65 (21.38%) HTML
5 53 (17.43%) REST
6 52 (17.11%) .NET Framework
6 52 (17.11%) CSS
7 49 (16.12%) Spring Boot
8 48 (15.79%) ASP.NET
9 41 (13.49%) Kafka
10 37 (12.17%) JSON
10 37 (12.17%) WCF
11 36 (11.84%) Middleware
12 35 (11.51%) ASP.NET Web API
13 34 (11.18%) J2EE
13 34 (11.18%) React
14 30 (9.87%) ASP.NET MVC
14 30 (9.87%) Entity Framework
Miscellaneous
1 36 (11.84%) Computer Science
2 14 (4.61%) User Experience
3 13 (4.28%) Greenfield Project
4 7 (2.30%) Self-Motivation
5 6 (1.97%) Fintech
5 6 (1.97%) Virtual Team
6 5 (1.64%) Analytical Skills
6 5 (1.64%) Embedded Systems
6 5 (1.64%) Mainframe
7 4 (1.32%) Linux Command Line
8 3 (0.99%) Data Structures
8 3 (0.99%) Life Science
8 3 (0.99%) Mobile App
8 3 (0.99%) Robotics
9 1 (0.33%) Animation
9 1 (0.33%) Field-Programmable Gate Array
9 1 (0.33%) IBM Mainframe
9 1 (0.33%) iPhone
9 1 (0.33%) Reference Data
9 1 (0.33%) Taxonomies
Operating Systems
1 66 (21.71%) Linux
2 33 (10.86%) Unix
3 20 (6.58%) Embedded Linux
4 19 (6.25%) Windows
5 7 (2.30%) OpenVMS
5 7 (2.30%) Windows Server
6 3 (0.99%) CentOS
6 3 (0.99%) Solaris
7 2 (0.66%) AIX
7 2 (0.66%) Apple iOS
7 2 (0.66%) MVS
Processes & Methodologies
1 195 (64.14%) Agile Software Development
2 114 (37.50%) Scrum
3 105 (34.54%) TDD
4 81 (26.64%) Software Engineering
5 65 (21.38%) Problem-Solving
6 57 (18.75%) Kanban
7 56 (18.42%) Continuous Integration
8 55 (18.09%) BDD
9 53 (17.43%) MVC
10 43 (14.14%) System Testing
10 43 (14.14%) Test Automation
10 43 (14.14%) User Stories
11 40 (13.16%) OO
12 36 (11.84%) DevOps
13 29 (9.54%) API Testing
14 28 (9.21%) SDLC
15 25 (8.22%) Web Development
16 24 (7.89%) Pair Programming
17 22 (7.24%) Mentoring
17 22 (7.24%) SOA
Programming Languages
1 105 (34.54%) Java
2 96 (31.58%) JavaScript
3 94 (30.92%) C#
4 75 (24.67%) SQL
5 30 (9.87%) C++
6 20 (6.58%) C
6 20 (6.58%) Java 8
7 18 (5.92%) Groovy
7 18 (5.92%) Scala
8 17 (5.59%) PL/SQL
9 15 (4.93%) TypeScript
10 13 (4.28%) Python
11 12 (3.95%) Shell Script
12 9 (2.96%) T-SQL
13 7 (2.30%) Bash Shell
13 7 (2.30%) Embedded C++
13 7 (2.30%) R
14 6 (1.97%) Embedded C
14 6 (1.97%) Perl
14 6 (1.97%) PowerShell
Qualifications
1 51 (16.78%) Degree
2 11 (3.62%) Security Cleared
3 8 (2.63%) BPSS Clearance
3 8 (2.63%) SC Cleared
4 4 (1.32%) Computer Science Degree
5 1 (0.33%) DV Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 39 (12.83%) QA
2 2 (0.66%) 21 CFR Part 11
2 2 (0.66%) GCP
2 2 (0.66%) GLP
2 2 (0.66%) GMP
2 2 (0.66%) GxP
2 2 (0.66%) WCAG
3 1 (0.33%) PMO
System Software
1 26 (8.55%) Apache ZooKeeper
2 14 (4.61%) Docker
3 4 (1.32%) HDFS
4 2 (0.66%) Tivoli Workload Scheduler
5 1 (0.33%) Apache Flume
5 1 (0.33%) Samba
Systems Management
1 24 (7.89%) Hadoop YARN
2 21 (6.91%) Kubernetes
3 10 (3.29%) Ansible
4 8 (2.63%) Puppet
5 5 (1.64%) Opscode Chef
6 3 (0.99%) Single Sign-On
7 2 (0.66%) Tivoli
8 1 (0.33%) Oozie
8 1 (0.33%) Terraform
Vendors
1 35 (11.51%) Microsoft
2 34 (11.18%) Oracle
3 14 (4.61%) Atlassian
4 9 (2.96%) Sitecore
5 8 (2.63%) Adobe
5 8 (2.63%) SAP
6 5 (1.64%) Automation Anywhere
6 5 (1.64%) Blue Prism
6 5 (1.64%) UiPath
7 3 (0.99%) Serena
8 2 (0.66%) Salesforce.com
8 2 (0.66%) ServiceNow
9 1 (0.33%) Apple
9 1 (0.33%) CA Agile Central
9 1 (0.33%) Centrify
9 1 (0.33%) Google
9 1 (0.33%) IBM
9 1 (0.33%) QNX
9 1 (0.33%) Tableau