Period
to 22 January 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the South East with a requirement for Unit Testing skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Unit Testing over the 6 months to 22 January 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Unit Testing
England > South East
6 months to
22 Jan 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 120 95 144
Rank change year-on-year -25 +49 -4
Contract jobs citing Unit Testing 347 398 250
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the South East 2.17% 2.43% 1.65%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 2.49% 2.87% 1.98%
Number of daily rates quoted 215 261 124
South East median daily rate £450 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.88% +13.33%
10th Percentile £335 £326 £313
90th Percentile £600 £590 £597
England median daily rate £475 £450 £425
% change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 23 12 2
South East median hourly rate £51.00 £47.50 £48.75
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +7.37% -2.56% +2.63%
England median hourly rate £47.50 £43.75 £40.50
% change year-on-year +8.57% +8.02% +8.00%

Unit Testing is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the South East with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
South East
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 13,917 13,852 12,652
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the South East 86.95% 84.48% 83.67%
Number of daily rates quoted 8,344 8,325 7,560
South East median daily rate £450 £425 £410
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.88% +3.66% +2.50%
10th Percentile £275 £263 £250
90th Percentile £600 £578 £575
England median daily rate £475 £450 £430
% change year-on-year +5.56% +4.65% +1.18%
Number of hourly rates quoted 477 422 534
South East median hourly rate £26.65 £24.01 £22.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +11.00% +6.71% -24.29%
10th Percentile £11.85 £11.18 £11.06
90th Percentile £52.50 £50.25 £49.49
England median hourly rate £23.50 £23.14 £23.75
% change year-on-year +1.56% -2.57% +3.26%

Unit Testing
Job Vacancy Trend in the South East

Job postings citing Unit Testing as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in the South East.

Job vacancy trend for Unit Testing in the South East

Unit Testing
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the South East

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Unit Testing in the South East.

Contractor daily rate trend for Unit Testing in the South East

Unit Testing
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in the South East

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Unit Testing in the South East over the 6 months to 22 January 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Unit Testing in the South East

Unit Testing
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the South East

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Unit Testing in the South East.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Unit Testing in the South East

Unit Testing
Contract Job Locations in the South East

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Unit Testing within the South East region over the 6 months to 22 January 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Hampshire -24 92 £360 -10.00% 26
Thames Valley -38 92 £475 -9.52% 65
Surrey +2 88 £488 +2.63% 25
Berkshire +31 65 £500 +17.65% 31
West Sussex +7 47 £400 +4.23% 9
East Sussex +4 15 £455 +13.75% 5
Oxfordshire -38 14 £400 -25.58% 15
Buckinghamshire +2 13 £425 -8.11% 19
Kent -3 11 £436 +33.21% 9
Middlesex +4 1 £425 +3.66%
Unit Testing
England

For the 6 months to 22 January 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Unit Testing also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the South East region with a requirement for Unit Testing.

1 208 (59.94%) Agile Software Development
2 137 (39.48%) TDD
3 114 (32.85%) JavaScript
4 106 (30.55%) C#
5 102 (29.39%) Scrum
6 99 (28.53%) Java
7 98 (28.24%) Software Engineering
8 95 (27.38%) Linux
9 91 (26.22%) AngularJS
10 89 (25.65%) .NET
11 88 (25.36%) REST
12 87 (25.07%) Git (software)
13 84 (24.21%) SQL
14 81 (23.34%) BDD
15 78 (22.48%) OO
16 77 (22.19%) Jenkins
17 73 (21.04%) Unix
18 70 (20.17%) Spring
19 69 (19.88%) Problem-Solving
20 68 (19.60%) Continuous Integration
21 63 (18.16%) CSS
22 60 (17.29%) SQL Server
22 60 (17.29%) JSON
23 59 (17.00%) Web Services
24 57 (16.43%) Degree
24 57 (16.43%) C++
25 53 (15.27%) .NET Framework
26 52 (14.99%) MVC
27 50 (14.41%) HTML
28 48 (13.83%) Python

Unit Testing
Co-occurring IT Skills in the South East by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 43 (12.39%) Apache
2 34 (9.80%) Confluence
3 16 (4.61%) CMS
4 13 (3.75%) Apache Spark
4 13 (3.75%) Elasticsearch
5 12 (3.46%) Apache Solr
6 10 (2.88%) Adobe Experience Manager
7 8 (2.31%) SharePoint
7 8 (2.31%) Umbraco
8 6 (1.73%) Drupal
9 3 (0.86%) JBoss
10 2 (0.58%) Cloud Foundry
10 2 (0.58%) GemFire
10 2 (0.58%) IIS
10 2 (0.58%) Magnolia
10 2 (0.58%) Oracle SOA Suite
10 2 (0.58%) Sitecore CMS
10 2 (0.58%) Tomcat
10 2 (0.58%) WebSphere
11 1 (0.29%) Oracle Self-Service HR
Applications
1 7 (2.02%) Microsoft Excel
2 4 (1.15%) Spreadsheet
3 1 (0.29%) Adobe Creative Suite
3 1 (0.29%) Microsoft Office
3 1 (0.29%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 1 (0.29%) Microsoft Project
3 1 (0.29%) Photoshop
Business Applications
1 7 (2.02%) Oracle Retail
2 4 (1.15%) Workday HCM
3 3 (0.86%) Oracle EBS
4 1 (0.29%) Oracle BPM
4 1 (0.29%) Oracle EBS R12
4 1 (0.29%) Oracle General Ledger
4 1 (0.29%) Oracle Payables
4 1 (0.29%) Oracle Payroll
4 1 (0.29%) Oracle Receivables
4 1 (0.29%) SAP ERP
Cloud Services
1 40 (11.53%) Amazon AWS
2 36 (10.37%) Microsoft Azure
3 33 (9.51%) GitHub
3 33 (9.51%) Serverless
4 28 (8.07%) AWS Lambda
5 17 (4.90%) Amazon Kinesis
5 17 (4.90%) AWS CloudFormation
6 10 (2.88%) Amazon CloudWatch
6 10 (2.88%) Amazon EC2
6 10 (2.88%) Amazon ElastiCache
6 10 (2.88%) Amazon S3
6 10 (2.88%) Amazon SQS
6 10 (2.88%) CloudFront
7 5 (1.44%) Azure Functions
8 4 (1.15%) Azure Data Factory
8 4 (1.15%) PaaS
9 3 (0.86%) IaaS
9 3 (0.86%) npm
10 2 (0.58%) Cloud Computing
11 1 (0.29%) Google Analytics
Communications & Networking
1 4 (1.15%) SSH
2 2 (0.58%) Broadband
2 2 (0.58%) Internet
3 1 (0.29%) DNS
3 1 (0.29%) FTP
3 1 (0.29%) GPRS
3 1 (0.29%) GSM
3 1 (0.29%) iSCSI
3 1 (0.29%) SAN
3 1 (0.29%) SMS
3 1 (0.29%) TCP/IP
3 1 (0.29%) WAN
3 1 (0.29%) Wi-Fi
3 1 (0.29%) Wireless
3 1 (0.29%) ZigBee
Database & Business Intelligence
1 60 (17.29%) SQL Server
2 41 (11.82%) Big Data
3 38 (10.95%) Hadoop
4 33 (9.51%) Amazon DynamoDB
5 25 (7.20%) HBase
5 25 (7.20%) Parquet
6 8 (2.31%) NoSQL
7 7 (2.02%) Data Warehouse
7 7 (2.02%) MySQL
8 6 (1.73%) Relational Database
8 6 (1.73%) SQL Server 2008
9 5 (1.44%) Azure SQL Database
9 5 (1.44%) DB2
9 5 (1.44%) MariaDB
9 5 (1.44%) Oracle Database
9 5 (1.44%) SQL Server Integration Services
10 4 (1.15%) MongoDB
10 4 (1.15%) PostgreSQL
10 4 (1.15%) RDBMS
11 2 (0.58%) SQL Server 2012
Development Applications
1 87 (25.07%) Git (software)
2 77 (22.19%) Jenkins
3 45 (12.97%) JIRA
4 40 (11.53%) Gradle
4 40 (11.53%) Visual Studio
5 33 (9.51%) JUnit
5 33 (9.51%) NUnit
6 30 (8.65%) Eclipse
6 30 (8.65%) Selenium
7 28 (8.07%) Ant
8 27 (7.78%) Subversion
9 26 (7.49%) ClearCase
9 26 (7.49%) CppUnit
9 26 (7.49%) GoogleTest
10 25 (7.20%) Mercurial
11 23 (6.63%) WebDriver
12 20 (5.76%) TeamCity
13 18 (5.19%) Maven
14 15 (4.32%) IntelliJ
15 14 (4.03%) PyCharm
General
1 35 (10.09%) Finance
2 27 (7.78%) Retail
3 13 (3.75%) Manufacturing
4 7 (2.02%) Games
4 7 (2.02%) Publishing
5 6 (1.73%) Telecoms
6 4 (1.15%) Automotive
7 3 (0.86%) Banking
7 3 (0.86%) Electronics
7 3 (0.86%) Marketing
8 2 (0.58%) Aerospace
8 2 (0.58%) Billing
9 1 (0.29%) Back Office
9 1 (0.29%) Legal
9 1 (0.29%) Military
Job Titles
1 261 (75.22%) Developer
2 58 (16.71%) Java Developer
3 50 (14.41%) .NET Developer
4 49 (14.12%) Software Engineer
5 46 (13.26%) Senior Developer
6 35 (10.09%) C# Developer
7 29 (8.36%) JavaScript Developer
8 26 (7.49%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
9 24 (6.92%) C# .NET Developer
9 24 (6.92%) C++ Software Engineer
9 24 (6.92%) Senior Software Engineer
10 23 (6.63%) Software Developer
11 20 (5.76%) Senior C++ Software Engineer
12 19 (5.48%) Developer in Test
12 19 (5.48%) React Developer
12 19 (5.48%) Test Automation Developer
12 19 (5.48%) Test Engineer
13 17 (4.90%) C Developer
14 16 (4.61%) Test Automation Engineer
15 15 (4.32%) SQL Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 91 (26.22%) AngularJS
2 89 (25.65%) .NET
3 88 (25.36%) REST
4 70 (20.17%) Spring
5 63 (18.16%) CSS
6 60 (17.29%) JSON
7 59 (17.00%) Web Services
8 53 (15.27%) .NET Framework
9 50 (14.41%) HTML
10 47 (13.54%) Middleware
11 44 (12.68%) J2EE
12 43 (12.39%) Kafka
12 43 (12.39%) RESTful
13 39 (11.24%) React
14 38 (10.95%) Entity Framework
14 38 (10.95%) RabbitMQ
15 35 (10.09%) ASP.NET
16 34 (9.80%) WCF
17 32 (9.22%) ASP.NET Web API
17 32 (9.22%) Node.js
Miscellaneous
1 30 (8.65%) User Experience
2 29 (8.36%) Linux Command Line
3 28 (8.07%) Virtual Team
4 27 (7.78%) Analytical Skills
5 23 (6.63%) Derivative
6 18 (5.19%) Greenfield Project
7 10 (2.88%) Embedded Systems
8 8 (2.31%) Self-Motivation
9 4 (1.15%) Enterprise Software
9 4 (1.15%) Fintech
10 3 (0.86%) Data Structures
10 3 (0.86%) Mobile App
11 2 (0.58%) Algorithms
11 2 (0.58%) Mainframe
11 2 (0.58%) Management Information System
11 2 (0.58%) PMI
12 1 (0.29%) Clustering
12 1 (0.29%) Device Driver
12 1 (0.29%) iPhone
12 1 (0.29%) NHS
Operating Systems
1 95 (27.38%) Linux
2 73 (21.04%) Unix
3 19 (5.48%) Windows
4 18 (5.19%) Embedded Linux
5 3 (0.86%) OpenVMS
6 2 (0.58%) AIX
6 2 (0.58%) Android
6 2 (0.58%) Apple iOS
6 2 (0.58%) FreeRTOS
6 2 (0.58%) MVS
6 2 (0.58%) Solaris
6 2 (0.58%) Windows Server
Processes & Methodologies
1 208 (59.94%) Agile Software Development
2 137 (39.48%) TDD
3 102 (29.39%) Scrum
4 98 (28.24%) Software Engineering
5 81 (23.34%) BDD
6 78 (22.48%) OO
7 69 (19.88%) Problem-Solving
8 68 (19.60%) Continuous Integration
9 52 (14.99%) MVC
10 48 (13.83%) System Testing
10 48 (13.83%) User Stories
11 44 (12.68%) Kanban
12 42 (12.10%) Test Automation
13 41 (11.82%) OOP
14 40 (11.53%) SDLC
15 34 (9.80%) Multithreading
15 34 (9.80%) Requirements Analysis
16 33 (9.51%) Pair Programming
17 31 (8.93%) DevOps
18 29 (8.36%) Computer Science
Programming Languages
1 114 (32.85%) JavaScript
2 106 (30.55%) C#
3 99 (28.53%) Java
4 84 (24.21%) SQL
5 57 (16.43%) C++
6 48 (13.83%) Python
7 41 (11.82%) C
8 38 (10.95%) Shell Script
9 21 (6.05%) T-SQL
10 19 (5.48%) Java 8
10 19 (5.48%) PL/SQL
11 18 (5.19%) Bash Shell
12 16 (4.61%) TypeScript
13 13 (3.75%) PHP
14 10 (2.88%) Lua
14 10 (2.88%) Scala
15 9 (2.59%) Embedded C++
16 6 (1.73%) ES6
17 5 (1.44%) PowerShell
18 4 (1.15%) Groovy
Qualifications
1 57 (16.43%) Degree
2 26 (7.49%) Security Cleared
3 23 (6.63%) SC Cleared
4 8 (2.31%) BPSS Clearance
5 2 (0.58%) Computer Science Degree
5 2 (0.58%) PhD
5 2 (0.58%) PMI Certification
6 1 (0.29%) DV Cleared
6 1 (0.29%) Microsoft Certification
6 1 (0.29%) PRINCE2 Practitioner
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 30 (8.65%) QA
2 7 (2.02%) WCAG
3 2 (0.58%) PMO
4 1 (0.29%) Data Quality
4 1 (0.29%) MISRA
System Software
1 38 (10.95%) Apache ZooKeeper
2 25 (7.20%) HDFS
3 20 (5.76%) Docker
4 2 (0.58%) Tivoli Workload Scheduler
5 1 (0.29%) Samba
Systems Management
1 38 (10.95%) Hadoop YARN
2 11 (3.17%) Kubernetes
3 4 (1.15%) Ansible
4 3 (0.86%) Single Sign-On
5 2 (0.58%) Opscode Chef
5 2 (0.58%) Puppet
5 2 (0.58%) Tivoli
6 1 (0.29%) BladeLogic
6 1 (0.29%) OpenView Configuration Management
6 1 (0.29%) SCCM
6 1 (0.29%) Terraform
Vendors
1 43 (12.39%) Microsoft
2 30 (8.65%) Oracle
3 11 (3.17%) Adobe
4 7 (2.02%) SAP
5 4 (1.15%) Atlassian
5 4 (1.15%) Sitecore
5 4 (1.15%) Workday
6 2 (0.58%) Apple
6 2 (0.58%) Google
6 2 (0.58%) IBM
6 2 (0.58%) Salesforce.com
6 2 (0.58%) Tableau
6 2 (0.58%) webMethods
7 1 (0.29%) Centrify
7 1 (0.29%) Cypress Semiconductor
7 1 (0.29%) GoCardless
7 1 (0.29%) Green Hills
7 1 (0.29%) Serena