Period
to 23 September 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the UK excluding London with a requirement for Unit Testing skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Unit Testing over the 6 months to 23 September 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Unit Testing
UK > UK excluding London
6 months to
23 Sep 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 107 143 138
Rank change year-on-year +36 -5 0
Contract jobs citing Unit Testing 307 858 1,058
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK excluding London 2.25% 1.82% 1.96%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 2.65% 2.12% 2.28%
Number of daily rates quoted 239 531 710
Median daily rate £450 £450 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +12.50% +6.67%
10th Percentile £313 £325 £313
90th Percentile £620 £575 £525
UK median daily rate £475 £481 £475
% change year-on-year -1.30% +1.32% +9.70%
Number of hourly rates quoted 7 19 47
Median hourly rate £43.00 £43.00 £49.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - -13.13% +15.45%
10th Percentile £35.00 £35.00 £40.38
90th Percentile £48.50 £49.25 £51.00
UK median hourly rate £42.50 £43.00 £49.50
% change year-on-year -1.16% -13.13% +16.47%

Unit Testing is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the UK excluding London with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK excluding London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 11,568 40,539 46,422
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK excluding London 84.81% 85.81% 86.06%
Number of daily rates quoted 7,114 24,890 28,418
Median daily rate £450 £438 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.86% +2.94% +6.25%
10th Percentile £263 £263 £269
90th Percentile £600 £600 £575
UK median daily rate £475 £475 £450
% change year-on-year - +5.56% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 661 1,742 1,865
Median hourly rate £30.85 £24.00 £20.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +28.54% +20.00% -16.67%
10th Percentile £11.75 £11.26 £11.17
90th Percentile £53.75 £53.75 £50.00
Median hourly rate £35.00 £24.44 £20.50
% change year-on-year +43.24% +19.20% -14.58%

Unit Testing
Job Vacancy Trend in the UK excluding London

Job postings citing Unit Testing as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in the UK excluding London.

Job vacancy trend for Unit Testing in the UK excluding London

Unit Testing
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the UK excluding London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Unit Testing in the UK excluding London.

Daily rate trend for Unit Testing in the UK excluding London

Unit Testing
Daily Rate Histogram in the UK excluding London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Unit Testing in the UK excluding London over the 6 months to 23 September 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Unit Testing in the UK excluding London

Unit Testing
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the UK excluding London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Unit Testing in the UK excluding London.

Hourly rate trend for Unit Testing in the UK excluding London

Unit Testing
Hourly Rate Histogram in the UK excluding London

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Unit Testing in the UK excluding London over the 6 months to 23 September 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for Unit Testing in the UK excluding London

Unit Testing
Contract Job Locations in the UK excluding London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Unit Testing within the UK excluding London region over the 6 months to 23 September 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
North of England +83 95 £494 +11.58% 72
South East +49 80 £493 +12.57% 46
North West +81 66 £494 +9.72% 26
Midlands +31 38 £360 -24.21% 36
South West +33 35 £413 -8.33% 43
Scotland +18 29 £500 +12.68% 19
Yorkshire +52 23 £500 +17.65% 29
East of England +53 21 £400 -11.11% 13
East Midlands +22 21 £338 -32.50% 18
West Midlands +44 17 £425 -10.53% 18
Wales +36 8 £463 +23.33% 4
North East +26 6 £415 +8.50% 17
Northern Ireland -6 1 £350 -39.13%
Unit Testing
UK

For the 6 months to 23 September 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Unit Testing also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the UK excluding London region with a requirement for Unit Testing.

1 146 (47.56%) Agile Software Development
2 128 (41.69%) Git (software)
3 112 (36.48%) Security Cleared
4 107 (34.85%) Oracle
5 100 (32.57%) SQL
6 98 (31.92%) SC Cleared
7 85 (27.69%) JavaScript
8 81 (26.38%) Scrum
9 76 (24.76%) C#
10 75 (24.43%) DevOps
11 70 (22.80%) HTML
12 67 (21.82%) CSS
13 65 (21.17%) Relational Database
14 62 (20.20%) .NET
15 60 (19.54%) Continuous Integration
16 58 (18.89%) Azure
17 56 (18.24%) Test Automation
17 56 (18.24%) Jenkins
18 55 (17.92%) Public Sector
18 55 (17.92%) AWS
19 54 (17.59%) PL/SQL
19 54 (17.59%) Java
20 51 (16.61%) MySQL
20 51 (16.61%) Microsoft
21 50 (16.29%) ASP.NET
22 48 (15.64%) Migration
22 48 (15.64%) JIRA
23 47 (15.31%) REST
23 47 (15.31%) Software Engineering
24 43 (14.01%) Shell Script

Unit Testing
Co-occurring IT Skills in the UK excluding London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 31 (10.10%) Confluence
2 28 (9.12%) Apache
3 15 (4.89%) NServiceBus
4 11 (3.58%) Cloud Foundry
4 11 (3.58%) Mule
4 11 (3.58%) WebSphere
5 10 (3.26%) CMS
6 8 (2.61%) Tomcat
7 4 (1.30%) Apache Spark
7 4 (1.30%) IIS
8 3 (0.98%) SharePoint
9 2 (0.65%) Documentum
9 2 (0.65%) Jadu
9 2 (0.65%) WordPress
10 1 (0.33%) Adobe Experience Manager
10 1 (0.33%) JBoss
10 1 (0.33%) Oracle SOA Suite
10 1 (0.33%) SAS
10 1 (0.33%) Sitecore CMS
10 1 (0.33%) WebLogic
Applications
1 21 (6.84%) Spreadsheet
2 9 (2.93%) Microsoft Office
3 5 (1.63%) MS Visio
4 1 (0.33%) Figma
4 1 (0.33%) Microsoft Excel
4 1 (0.33%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 1 (0.33%) SPSS
Business Applications
1 35 (11.40%) Oracle Payables
2 22 (7.17%) Oracle Cash Management
3 19 (6.19%) Oracle Receivables
4 7 (2.28%) Oracle EBS
5 6 (1.95%) Oracle ERP
6 5 (1.63%) Visualfiles
7 3 (0.98%) Oracle General Ledger
8 2 (0.65%) assyst
8 2 (0.65%) Siebel CRM
9 1 (0.33%) BASE24
9 1 (0.33%) Dynamics AX
9 1 (0.33%) Dynamics NAV
9 1 (0.33%) Magento
9 1 (0.33%) Oracle Applications
9 1 (0.33%) Oracle BPM
9 1 (0.33%) Oracle EBS R12
9 1 (0.33%) Oracle Payroll
9 1 (0.33%) SAP HR
9 1 (0.33%) SAP Payroll
9 1 (0.33%) SAP S/4HANA
Cloud Services
1 58 (18.89%) Azure
2 55 (17.92%) AWS
3 27 (8.79%) Amazon S3
4 25 (8.14%) npm
5 14 (4.56%) GCP
6 12 (3.91%) Slack
7 11 (3.58%) GitHub
8 10 (3.26%) Kong
9 9 (2.93%) SaaS
10 8 (2.61%) Power Platform
11 7 (2.28%) Yarn
12 6 (1.95%) OpenShift
13 5 (1.63%) Serverless
14 4 (1.30%) Amazon CloudWatch
14 4 (1.30%) Cloud Computing
14 4 (1.30%) Datadog
15 3 (0.98%) PaaS
16 2 (0.65%) AWS CloudFormation
16 2 (0.65%) Boomi
16 2 (0.65%) Trello
Communications & Networking
1 17 (5.54%) TCP/IP
2 16 (5.21%) DNS
3 12 (3.91%) Firewall
3 12 (3.91%) Reverse Proxy
3 12 (3.91%) SSL
4 3 (0.98%) FTP
4 3 (0.98%) HTTP
5 2 (0.65%) iSCSI
5 2 (0.65%) SAN
5 2 (0.65%) Tactical Data Link
5 2 (0.65%) WAN
6 1 (0.33%) DHCP
6 1 (0.33%) DLNA
6 1 (0.33%) Radio Access Network
6 1 (0.33%) RS-232
6 1 (0.33%) Skype
6 1 (0.33%) SMTP
6 1 (0.33%) SNMP
6 1 (0.33%) UPnP
6 1 (0.33%) VLAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 65 (21.17%) Relational Database
2 51 (16.61%) MySQL
3 43 (14.01%) Pentaho
4 42 (13.68%) SQL Server
5 24 (7.82%) Hadoop
6 21 (6.84%) Apache Hive
6 21 (6.84%) Impala
7 18 (5.86%) Oracle Database
7 18 (5.86%) SQL Server Integration Services
8 15 (4.89%) MongoDB
9 14 (4.56%) SQL Server Reporting Services
10 12 (3.91%) Data Warehouse
11 11 (3.58%) Oracle Reports
12 9 (2.93%) Couchbase
13 8 (2.61%) DB2
13 8 (2.61%) Power BI
14 7 (2.28%) NoSQL
15 6 (1.95%) SQL Server 2012
16 5 (1.63%) SAP HANA
16 5 (1.63%) SQL Server 2016
Development Applications
1 128 (41.69%) Git (software)
2 56 (18.24%) Jenkins
3 48 (15.64%) JIRA
4 42 (13.68%) Selenium
5 36 (11.73%) Team Foundation Server
6 29 (9.45%) SpecFlow
7 25 (8.14%) NUnit
8 22 (7.17%) JUnit
8 22 (7.17%) Visual Studio
9 16 (5.21%) Mockito
9 16 (5.21%) MSTest
10 15 (4.89%) Subversion
11 14 (4.56%) Maven
12 13 (4.23%) Bitbucket
13 12 (3.91%) Eclipse
13 12 (3.91%) TeamCity
14 9 (2.93%) Gradle
14 9 (2.93%) MbUnit
14 9 (2.93%) Mercurial
14 9 (2.93%) Oracle Forms
General
1 55 (17.92%) Public Sector
2 33 (10.75%) General Ledger
3 23 (7.49%) Finance
4 7 (2.28%) Electronics
4 7 (2.28%) Telecoms
5 6 (1.95%) Manufacturing
5 6 (1.95%) Marketing
6 4 (1.30%) Banking
7 3 (0.98%) Law
8 1 (0.33%) Billing
8 1 (0.33%) Retail
Job Titles
1 215 (70.03%) Developer
2 42 (13.68%) .NET Developer
3 27 (8.79%) Pentaho Developer
4 20 (6.51%) Technical Developer
5 17 (5.54%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
6 16 (5.21%) Oracle Developer
7 13 (4.23%) ERP Developer
7 13 (4.23%) Full Stack Developer
7 13 (4.23%) Senior Developer
8 12 (3.91%) Java Developer
8 12 (3.91%) React Developer
8 12 (3.91%) Software Engineer
9 10 (3.26%) SQL Developer
10 9 (2.93%) Applications Developer
11 8 (2.61%) Software Developer
12 7 (2.28%) Angular Developer
12 7 (2.28%) Consultant
12 7 (2.28%) JavaScript Developer
12 7 (2.28%) Scala Developer
13 6 (1.95%) Data Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 70 (22.80%) HTML
2 67 (21.82%) CSS
3 62 (20.20%) .NET
4 50 (16.29%) ASP.NET
5 47 (15.31%) REST
6 38 (12.38%) RESTful
7 37 (12.05%) Web Services
8 36 (11.73%) Node.js
9 35 (11.40%) AngularJS
9 35 (11.40%) XML
10 33 (10.75%) SOAP
11 32 (10.42%) React
12 31 (10.10%) .NET Framework
13 29 (9.45%) jQuery
14 28 (9.12%) JSON
15 27 (8.79%) Redux
16 25 (8.14%) Spring
17 23 (7.49%) Jest
18 21 (6.84%) Entity Framework
19 20 (6.51%) HTML5
Miscellaneous
1 31 (10.10%) User Experience
2 18 (5.86%) Mobile App
3 10 (3.26%) Analytical Skills
3 10 (3.26%) Self-Motivation
4 9 (2.93%) Greenfield Project
5 8 (2.61%) Public Cloud
6 7 (2.28%) N-Tier
7 6 (1.95%) Data Structures
8 4 (1.30%) Video Conferencing
9 2 (0.65%) Data Centre
9 2 (0.65%) Enterprise Software
9 2 (0.65%) Management Information System
10 1 (0.33%) Acoustics
10 1 (0.33%) Algorithms
10 1 (0.33%) Cloud Native
10 1 (0.33%) Linux Command Line
10 1 (0.33%) MPEG
10 1 (0.33%) Tandem
10 1 (0.33%) Vector Graphics
10 1 (0.33%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 30 (9.77%) Windows
2 25 (8.14%) Linux
3 13 (4.23%) Unix
4 12 (3.91%) Android
5 8 (2.61%) Apple iOS
6 5 (1.63%) Windows Server
6 5 (1.63%) Windows Server 2012
6 5 (1.63%) Windows Server 2016
7 4 (1.30%) OpenVMS
8 2 (0.65%) AIX
8 2 (0.65%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 2 (0.65%) VMS
9 1 (0.33%) Embedded Linux
9 1 (0.33%) Mac OS X
9 1 (0.33%) Oracle Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 146 (47.56%) Agile Software Development
2 81 (26.38%) Scrum
3 75 (24.43%) DevOps
4 60 (19.54%) Continuous Integration
5 56 (18.24%) Test Automation
6 48 (15.64%) Migration
7 47 (15.31%) Software Engineering
8 41 (13.36%) ETL
9 40 (13.03%) Data Migration
10 39 (12.70%) TDD
11 36 (11.73%) Problem-Solving
12 33 (10.75%) Kanban
12 33 (10.75%) Microservices
13 32 (10.42%) Pair Programming
14 31 (10.10%) ERP
15 30 (9.77%) E-business
16 29 (9.45%) Configuration Management
16 29 (9.45%) Web Development
17 26 (8.47%) Release Management
18 24 (7.82%) Front End Development
Programming Languages
1 100 (32.57%) SQL
2 85 (27.69%) JavaScript
3 76 (24.76%) C#
4 54 (17.59%) Java
4 54 (17.59%) PL/SQL
5 43 (14.01%) Shell Script
6 24 (7.82%) PowerShell
7 22 (7.17%) C
8 19 (6.19%) TypeScript
9 18 (5.86%) ES6
10 17 (5.54%) Python
11 13 (4.23%) T-SQL
12 12 (3.91%) Bash Shell
12 12 (3.91%) VB.NET
13 10 (3.26%) C++
13 10 (3.26%) Lua
14 9 (2.93%) Scala
15 8 (2.61%) PHP
16 7 (2.28%) Go
17 6 (1.95%) Objective-C
Qualifications
1 112 (36.48%) Security Cleared
2 98 (31.92%) SC Cleared
3 13 (4.23%) BPSS Clearance
3 13 (4.23%) DV Cleared
4 9 (2.93%) Degree
5 7 (2.28%) ISTQB
5 7 (2.28%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
6 4 (1.30%) Computer Science Degree
7 2 (0.65%) PhD
8 1 (0.33%) Master's Degree
8 1 (0.33%) Numerate Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 31 (10.10%) QA
2 8 (2.61%) Data Quality
3 3 (0.98%) SLA
4 2 (0.65%) WCAG
5 1 (0.33%) Disclosure Scotland
5 1 (0.33%) PMO
System Software
1 22 (7.17%) Docker
2 21 (6.84%) HDFS
3 2 (0.65%) Samba
4 1 (0.33%) Active Directory
4 1 (0.33%) NFS
4 1 (0.33%) Virtual Machines
Systems Management
1 32 (10.42%) Ansible
2 16 (5.21%) Kubernetes
3 7 (2.28%) Opscode Chef
3 7 (2.28%) Puppet
4 6 (1.95%) Terraform
5 3 (0.98%) Grafana
5 3 (0.98%) SCCM
6 2 (0.65%) Single Sign-On
7 1 (0.33%) Cisco CUCM
7 1 (0.33%) Data Guard
7 1 (0.33%) HP Quality Center
7 1 (0.33%) Istio
7 1 (0.33%) Kibana
7 1 (0.33%) Oracle ZFS
7 1 (0.33%) Prometheus
7 1 (0.33%) SafeCom
Vendors
1 107 (34.85%) Oracle
2 51 (16.61%) Microsoft
3 23 (7.49%) Cloudera
4 15 (4.89%) IBM
5 14 (4.56%) SAP
6 12 (3.91%) AppDynamics
6 12 (3.91%) F5
6 12 (3.91%) Splunk
7 9 (2.93%) Curam
8 7 (2.28%) Blue Coat
9 6 (1.95%) Red Hat
10 5 (1.63%) CA Agile Central
11 4 (1.30%) Atlassian
11 4 (1.30%) Google
11 4 (1.30%) IFS
11 4 (1.30%) Xamarin
12 3 (0.98%) Dell
12 3 (0.98%) Informatica
12 3 (0.98%) OutSystems
12 3 (0.98%) ServiceNow