Period
to 22 February 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the UK excluding London with a requirement for Unit Testing skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Unit Testing over the 6 months to 22 February 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Unit Testing
UK > UK excluding London
6 months to
22 Feb 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 155 139 129
Rank change year-on-year -16 -10 +9
Contract jobs citing Unit Testing 602 1,013 1,056
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK excluding London 1.59% 1.92% 2.01%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 1.91% 2.22% 2.36%
Number of daily rates quoted 399 654 699
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £425 £410
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +3.66% +2.50%
10th Percentile £313 £331 £313
90th Percentile £538 £575 £556
UK median daily rate £465 £475 £450
% change year-on-year -2.11% +5.56% +7.14%
Number of hourly rates quoted 20 41 14
UK excluding London median hourly rate £43.50 £45.00 £43.75
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -3.33% +2.86% +8.02%
10th Percentile £20.05 £37.50 £39.00
90th Percentile £50.63 £51.00 £50.25
UK median hourly rate £44.00 £45.00 £42.50
% change year-on-year -2.22% +5.88% +4.94%

Unit Testing is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the UK excluding London with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK excluding London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 31,522 45,678 44,768
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK excluding London 83.40% 86.38% 85.15%
Number of daily rates quoted 19,130 28,351 27,650
UK excluding London median daily rate £438 £425 £413
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.94% +3.03% +3.13%
10th Percentile £258 £275 £258
90th Percentile £600 £588 £575
UK median daily rate £475 £475 £450
% change year-on-year - +5.56% +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,454 1,718 1,611
UK excluding London median hourly rate £21.00 £22.58 £23.75
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -6.98% -4.95% +1.06%
10th Percentile £12.00 £11.20 £11.25
90th Percentile £51.75 £50.00 £50.00
UK median hourly rate £23.50 £23.79 £23.50
% change year-on-year -1.23% +1.24% -3.87%

Unit Testing
Job Vacancy Trend in the UK excluding London

Job postings citing Unit Testing as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in the UK excluding London.

Job vacancy trend for Unit Testing in the UK excluding London

Unit Testing
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the UK excluding London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Unit Testing in the UK excluding London.

Contractor daily rate trend for Unit Testing in the UK excluding London

Unit Testing
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in the UK excluding London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Unit Testing in the UK excluding London over the 6 months to 22 February 2020.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Unit Testing in the UK excluding London

Unit Testing
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the UK excluding London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Unit Testing in the UK excluding London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Unit Testing in the UK excluding London

Unit Testing
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in the UK excluding London

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Unit Testing in the UK excluding London over the 6 months to 22 February 2020.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Unit Testing in the UK excluding London

Unit Testing
Contract Job Locations in the UK excluding London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Unit Testing within the UK excluding London region over the 6 months to 22 February 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
North of England +20 143 £413 +3.13% 117
South East -58 135 £425 -5.56% 110
Scotland +16 102 £450 +5.88% 34
South West -5 85 £433 -8.95% 52
North West +20 84 £425 - 66
East of England +44 60 £400 -6.43% 38
Midlands -19 53 £425 - 75
Yorkshire +37 42 £413 +3.13% 29
East Midlands +2 32 £300 -26.38% 40
West Midlands -4 20 £506 +12.50% 35
North East +15 17 £356 -20.83% 22
Northern Ireland +25 12 £503 - 6
Wales -26 11 £400 -1.54% 17
Channel Islands -6 1 - -
Unit Testing
UK

For the 6 months to 22 February 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Unit Testing also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the UK excluding London region with a requirement for Unit Testing.

1 287 (47.67%) Agile Software Development
2 192 (31.89%) C#
2 192 (31.89%) .NET
3 190 (31.56%) JavaScript
4 169 (28.07%) Java
5 129 (21.43%) HTML
6 127 (21.10%) Git (software)
7 120 (19.93%) SQL
8 113 (18.77%) CSS
9 111 (18.44%) SQL Server
10 110 (18.27%) Azure
11 107 (17.77%) MVC
12 104 (17.28%) Test Automation
13 103 (17.11%) Continuous Integration
14 102 (16.94%) Scrum
15 100 (16.61%) Security Cleared
16 98 (16.28%) AngularJS
17 95 (15.78%) RESTful
18 89 (14.78%) Microsoft
19 86 (14.29%) OO
20 84 (13.95%) Python
20 84 (13.95%) Web Services
21 83 (13.79%) Problem-Solving
22 81 (13.46%) TDD
23 80 (13.29%) Analytical Skills
24 79 (13.12%) AWS
25 77 (12.79%) DevOps
25 77 (12.79%) REST
26 76 (12.62%) SC Cleared
27 75 (12.46%) .NET Framework

Unit Testing
Co-occurring IT Skills in the UK excluding London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 21 (3.49%) Apache
2 17 (2.82%) Confluence
3 15 (2.49%) WebSphere
4 9 (1.50%) IIS
4 9 (1.50%) SharePoint
4 9 (1.50%) Tomcat
5 7 (1.16%) CMS
6 6 (1.00%) nginx
7 5 (0.83%) BizTalk Server
7 5 (0.83%) Camunda
7 5 (0.83%) JBoss
7 5 (0.83%) Oracle SOA Suite
7 5 (0.83%) WildFly
8 4 (0.66%) Drupal
8 4 (0.66%) Oracle Service Bus
9 3 (0.50%) Cloud Foundry
9 3 (0.50%) Jetty
9 3 (0.50%) Mongrel
9 3 (0.50%) SharePoint 2013
9 3 (0.50%) Sitecore CMS
Applications
1 26 (4.32%) MS Visio
2 7 (1.16%) Photoshop
2 7 (1.16%) Sketch
3 4 (0.66%) Microsoft Excel
4 2 (0.33%) Microsoft Office
4 2 (0.33%) Microsoft PowerPoint
Business Applications
1 20 (3.32%) Remedy ITSM
2 10 (1.66%) Magento
3 9 (1.50%) SAP FI
4 8 (1.33%) SAP CO
4 8 (1.33%) SAP FI/CO
5 7 (1.16%) Shopify
6 6 (1.00%) SAP IBP
6 6 (1.00%) SAP S/4HANA
7 5 (0.83%) MFGPRO
7 5 (0.83%) Oracle Cash Management
7 5 (0.83%) Oracle EBS
7 5 (0.83%) Oracle Payables
7 5 (0.83%) Oracle Receivables
7 5 (0.83%) SAP MM
7 5 (0.83%) SAP PS
8 4 (0.66%) Oracle BPM
8 4 (0.66%) SAP BPC
8 4 (0.66%) SAP ERP
8 4 (0.66%) Siebel CRM
9 3 (0.50%) SAP QM
Cloud Services
1 110 (18.27%) Azure
2 79 (13.12%) AWS
3 33 (5.48%) Serverless
4 29 (4.82%) AWS Lambda
5 24 (3.99%) SaaS
6 23 (3.82%) GCP
6 23 (3.82%) GitHub
7 20 (3.32%) AWS CloudFormation
8 18 (2.99%) OpenShift
9 15 (2.49%) PaaS
10 14 (2.33%) Amazon S3
11 13 (2.16%) Power Platform
12 11 (1.83%) npm
13 10 (1.66%) Amazon EC2
14 7 (1.16%) BlazeMeter
15 6 (1.00%) Amazon ECS
15 6 (1.00%) AWS Step Functions
16 5 (0.83%) Amazon ElastiCache
16 5 (0.83%) Heroku
16 5 (0.83%) Route 53
Communications & Networking
1 21 (3.49%) HTTP
2 20 (3.32%) SNMP
3 19 (3.16%) TCP/IP
4 13 (2.16%) DNS
4 13 (2.16%) Internet
5 8 (1.33%) Broadband
5 8 (1.33%) FTP
5 8 (1.33%) Wireshark
6 7 (1.16%) 802.11
6 7 (1.16%) DHCP
6 7 (1.16%) DOCSIS
6 7 (1.16%) DSL
6 7 (1.16%) Ethernet
6 7 (1.16%) HTTPS
6 7 (1.16%) IPv4
6 7 (1.16%) IPv6
6 7 (1.16%) Telnet
6 7 (1.16%) UPnP
6 7 (1.16%) WLAN
6 7 (1.16%) WPA2
Database & Business Intelligence
1 111 (18.44%) SQL Server
2 63 (10.47%) MongoDB
3 40 (6.64%) NoSQL
4 34 (5.65%) Relational Database
5 29 (4.82%) MySQL
6 25 (4.15%) PostgreSQL
7 20 (3.32%) Oracle Database
8 16 (2.66%) SQL Server Reporting Services
9 14 (2.33%) Amazon DynamoDB
10 13 (2.16%) Power BI
11 12 (1.99%) Azure SQL Database
11 12 (1.99%) SQL Server Integration Services
12 10 (1.66%) SQL Server Analysis Services
13 9 (1.50%) SQL Server 2008
14 8 (1.33%) Redis
15 7 (1.16%) Data Warehouse
16 6 (1.00%) Biml
16 6 (1.00%) SSDT
17 5 (0.83%) Oracle Database 11g
17 5 (0.83%) SQL Server 2012
Development Applications
1 127 (21.10%) Git (software)
2 57 (9.47%) Jenkins
3 44 (7.31%) JIRA
4 43 (7.14%) NUnit
5 29 (4.82%) Team Foundation Server
5 29 (4.82%) Visual Studio
6 28 (4.65%) Selenium
7 26 (4.32%) Cucumber
8 21 (3.49%) Jasmine
9 16 (2.66%) Subversion
9 16 (2.66%) TeamCity
10 14 (2.33%) GitLab
11 13 (2.16%) Maven
11 13 (2.16%) Mockito
12 12 (1.99%) Atlassian Bamboo
12 12 (1.99%) Bitbucket
12 12 (1.99%) Eclipse
12 12 (1.99%) Grunt
12 12 (1.99%) Moq
12 12 (1.99%) Postman
General
1 72 (11.96%) Finance
2 55 (9.14%) Public Sector
3 28 (4.65%) Manufacturing
4 22 (3.65%) Banking
5 12 (1.99%) Publishing
6 11 (1.83%) Telecoms
7 10 (1.66%) Marketing
8 9 (1.50%) Electronics
8 9 (1.50%) Retail
9 8 (1.33%) Billing
10 6 (1.00%) Automotive
10 6 (1.00%) General Ledger
11 5 (0.83%) Games
11 5 (0.83%) Law
12 4 (0.66%) Legal
13 3 (0.50%) Avionics
13 3 (0.50%) Local Government
14 1 (0.17%) French Language
14 1 (0.17%) Retail Banking
14 1 (0.17%) Spanish Language
Job Titles
1 422 (70.10%) Developer
2 112 (18.60%) .NET Developer
3 54 (8.97%) C# Developer
3 54 (8.97%) Senior Developer
4 51 (8.47%) Java Developer
5 41 (6.81%) Software Engineer
6 33 (5.48%) Consultant
7 31 (5.15%) C# .NET Developer
8 30 (4.98%) Software Developer
9 28 (4.65%) SAP Consultant
10 23 (3.82%) Android Developer
10 23 (3.82%) Architect
11 22 (3.65%) Designer
11 22 (3.65%) Full Stack Developer
12 21 (3.49%) Solutions Architect
13 20 (3.32%) Applications Developer
14 19 (3.16%) Solutions Designer
15 17 (2.82%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
15 17 (2.82%) React Developer
16 16 (2.66%) JavaScript Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 192 (31.89%) .NET
2 129 (21.43%) HTML
3 113 (18.77%) CSS
4 98 (16.28%) AngularJS
5 95 (15.78%) RESTful
6 84 (13.95%) Web Services
7 77 (12.79%) REST
8 75 (12.46%) .NET Framework
9 69 (11.46%) React
10 59 (9.80%) Node.js
11 56 (9.30%) HTML5
12 54 (8.97%) ASP.NET Web API
13 51 (8.47%) XML
14 48 (7.97%) ASP.NET
15 44 (7.31%) Spring
16 42 (6.98%) SOAP
17 40 (6.64%) Entity Framework
18 38 (6.31%) CSS3
19 36 (5.98%) JSON
20 35 (5.81%) ASP.NET MVC
Miscellaneous
1 80 (13.29%) Analytical Skills
2 42 (6.98%) User Experience
3 23 (3.82%) Mobile App
4 16 (2.66%) Greenfield Project
5 15 (2.49%) Data Structures
5 15 (2.49%) Enterprise Software
6 14 (2.33%) Self-Motivation
7 9 (1.50%) Mobile Banking
8 7 (1.16%) Algorithms
8 7 (1.16%) Cloud Native
8 7 (1.16%) IPTV
8 7 (1.16%) W3C
9 6 (1.00%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
9 6 (1.00%) Virtual Team
10 5 (0.83%) Linux Command Line
10 5 (0.83%) N-Tier
11 3 (0.50%) NHS
12 2 (0.33%) iSeries
12 2 (0.33%) Management Information System
12 2 (0.33%) PKI
Operating Systems
1 64 (10.63%) Linux
2 45 (7.48%) Windows
3 42 (6.98%) Android
4 31 (5.15%) Unix
5 22 (3.65%) Apple iOS
6 10 (1.66%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 10 (1.66%) Windows Server
7 6 (1.00%) CentOS
8 1 (0.17%) OpenVMS
8 1 (0.17%) Ubuntu
8 1 (0.17%) Windows 10
Processes & Methodologies
1 287 (47.67%) Agile Software Development
2 107 (17.77%) MVC
3 104 (17.28%) Test Automation
4 103 (17.11%) Continuous Integration
5 102 (16.94%) Scrum
6 86 (14.29%) OO
7 83 (13.79%) Problem-Solving
8 81 (13.46%) TDD
9 77 (12.79%) DevOps
10 71 (11.79%) Software Engineering
11 65 (10.80%) Web Development
12 62 (10.30%) SDLC
13 53 (8.80%) Integration Testing
14 52 (8.64%) OOP
15 44 (7.31%) User Acceptance Testing
16 42 (6.98%) Mentoring
17 39 (6.48%) BDD
18 37 (6.15%) Microservices
19 36 (5.98%) Continuous Deployment
19 36 (5.98%) Continuous Improvement
Programming Languages
1 192 (31.89%) C#
2 190 (31.56%) JavaScript
3 169 (28.07%) Java
4 120 (19.93%) SQL
5 84 (13.95%) Python
6 50 (8.31%) PHP
7 37 (6.15%) Shell Script
8 36 (5.98%) C
9 35 (5.81%) Bash Shell
9 35 (5.81%) C++
10 34 (5.65%) Java 8
11 33 (5.48%) T-SQL
12 30 (4.98%) VBA
13 29 (4.82%) TypeScript
14 26 (4.32%) Perl
15 23 (3.82%) Kotlin
16 15 (2.49%) ABAP
16 15 (2.49%) ES6
16 15 (2.49%) Groovy
16 15 (2.49%) PowerShell
Qualifications
1 100 (16.61%) Security Cleared
2 76 (12.62%) SC Cleared
3 31 (5.15%) Degree
4 15 (2.49%) BPSS Clearance
5 7 (1.16%) Computer Science Degree
5 7 (1.16%) DV Cleared
6 6 (1.00%) ISTQB
7 4 (0.66%) PhD
8 3 (0.50%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
8 3 (0.50%) Sun Certification
9 2 (0.33%) HND
9 2 (0.33%) ISEB
10 1 (0.17%) AWS Certification
10 1 (0.17%) DBS Check
10 1 (0.17%) Master's Degree
10 1 (0.17%) SAP Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 42 (6.98%) QA
2 5 (0.83%) PSD2
3 2 (0.33%) Data Quality
3 2 (0.33%) WCAG
4 1 (0.17%) Disclosure Scotland
4 1 (0.17%) GxP
4 1 (0.17%) HL7
4 1 (0.17%) MISRA
4 1 (0.17%) MISRA C
4 1 (0.17%) PMO
System Software
1 44 (7.31%) Docker
2 8 (1.33%) Virtual Machines
3 4 (0.66%) Active Directory
3 4 (0.66%) Samba
4 3 (0.50%) VMware Infrastructure
4 3 (0.50%) Xen
5 2 (0.33%) HDFS
6 1 (0.17%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 1 (0.17%) Firmware
Systems Management
1 27 (4.49%) Kubernetes
2 24 (3.99%) Ansible
3 20 (3.32%) Amdocs OSS
3 20 (3.32%) Netcool
3 20 (3.32%) Netcool/OMNIbus
4 18 (2.99%) Terraform
5 11 (1.83%) Puppet
6 8 (1.33%) Consul
7 7 (1.16%) Opscode Chef
8 6 (1.00%) HP ALM
9 5 (0.83%) HP Quality Center
10 3 (0.50%) HAProxy
10 3 (0.50%) Packer
11 2 (0.33%) Grafana
11 2 (0.33%) MIIS
11 2 (0.33%) Prometheus
11 2 (0.33%) Salt
11 2 (0.33%) ZABBIX
12 1 (0.17%) Mesos
12 1 (0.17%) OpenNebula
Vendors
1 89 (14.78%) Microsoft
2 52 (8.64%) SAP
3 51 (8.47%) Oracle
4 36 (5.98%) IBM
5 25 (4.15%) Google
6 24 (3.99%) Siebel
7 20 (3.32%) BMC
7 20 (3.32%) Cramer
7 20 (3.32%) Remedy
7 20 (3.32%) ServiceNow
7 20 (3.32%) xMatters
8 19 (3.16%) Cisco
9 13 (2.16%) Red Hat
10 12 (1.99%) Huawei
10 12 (1.99%) MuleSoft
10 12 (1.99%) Nokia
11 11 (1.83%) Xamarin
12 9 (1.50%) webMethods
12 9 (1.50%) Zend
13 8 (1.33%) Ariba