The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Unit Testing skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Unit Testing over the 3 months to 30 March 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Unit Testing
UK
3 months to
30 Mar 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 135 130 145
Rank change year-on-year -5 +15  
Contract jobs citing Unit Testing 842 988 848
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 1.85% 1.83% 1.58%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 2.23% 2.20% 1.98%
Number of daily rates quoted 550 708 524
Median daily rate £425 £401 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.91% +0.31%  
90% offered a daily rate of more than £319 £313 £289
10% offered a daily rate of more than £575 £570 £575
UK excluding London median daily rate £393 £375 £340
% change year-on-year +4.66% +10.29%  
Number of hourly rates quoted 12 16 11
Median hourly rate £41.25 £43.25 £37.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -4.62% +15.33%  
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £37.75 £35.00 £32.50
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £50.38 £58.00 £42.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £40.50 £43.50 £37.50
% change year-on-year -6.89% +16.00%  

Unit Testing is in the process and methodology skills category. The next table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for process and methodology skills.

Contract Process & Methodology Skills
UK
Contract job vacancies with a requirement for process and methodology skills 37817 44820 42796
As % of all contract IT job vacancies advertised in the UK 83.06% 82.80% 79.70%
Number of daily rates quoted 25004 29451 26544
Median daily rate £450 £430 £418
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +4.65% +2.99%  
90% offered a daily rate of more than £300 £300 £275
10% offered a daily rate of more than £600 £600 £575
UK excluding London median daily rate £410 £400 £396
% change year-on-year +2.50% +1.01%  
Number of hourly rates quoted 954 1102 1235
Median hourly rate £35.00 £37.50 £28.19
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -6.66% +33.02%  
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £13.00 £13.00 £12.10
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £52.50 £55.00 £49.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £35.75 £38.00 £30.00
% change year-on-year -5.92% +26.66%  

Unit Testing
Job Vacancy Trend

The job posting trend of jobs advertised citing Unit Testing as a proportion of all contract or permanent IT jobs with a match in the Processes & Methodologies category.

Job vacancy trend for Unit Testing in the UK

Unit Testing
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Unit Testing.

Contractor daily rate trend for Unit Testing in the UK

Unit Testing
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Unit Testing over the 3 months to 30 March 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Unit Testing in the UK

Unit Testing
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Unit Testing.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Unit Testing in the UK

Unit Testing
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Unit Testing over the 3 months to 30 March 2017.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Unit Testing in the UK

Unit Testing
Top 30 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Unit Testing within the UK over the 3 months to 30 March 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 3 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Last 3 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +9 778 £425 +3.03% 299
London -11 319 £500 +5.26% 95
South East +36 166 £401 +6.80% 57
City of London +26 71 £513 +6.49% 19
Yorkshire +17 60 £400 - 15
South West -2 55 £375 +7.14% 33
West Yorkshire +12 49 £400 - 7
North West +4 48 £400 -11.11% 33
East Midlands +13 47 £338 +3.84% 17
Leeds +5 46 £400 - 6
Berkshire +37 41 £425 -6.59% 8
Scotland 0 35 £358 -1.37% 9
North East +18 31 £350 -18.60% 5
Hampshire -16 31 £375 - 17
Newcastle upon Tyne +19 29 £350 -18.60% 4
Tyne and Wear +14 29 £350 -18.60% 4
West Midlands +19 26 £400 +14.28% 22
Manchester -3 23 £325 -35.00% 18
East of England -22 23 £413 +11.48% 21
Buckinghamshire +3 22 £375 +15.38% 4
Kent +22 21 £384 +9.64% 6
Glasgow +18 21 £358 +19.16% 4
Surrey +13 19 £440 -2.22% 9
Leicestershire +11 16 £305 -6.15% 3
Bristol +8 16 £413 +17.85% 9
Reading +6 14 £400 -15.78% 5
Milton Keynes -1 14 £375 +15.38% 4
Oxfordshire +1 13 £500 +73.91% 3
Belfast -4 12 £443 - 2
County Antrim -7 12 £443 - 2

For the 6 months to 30 March 2017, IT contractor jobs citing Unit Testing also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads with a requirement for Unit Testing.

1 876 (52.90%) Agile Software Development
2 642 (38.77%) Java
3 531 (32.07%) JavaScript
4 493 (29.77%) SQL
5 477 (28.80%) TDD
6 435 (26.27%) .NET
7 429 (25.91%) C#
8 402 (24.28%) HTML
9 370 (22.34%) Scrum
10 363 (21.92%) CSS
11 355 (21.44%) Web Services
12 316 (19.08%) MVC
13 315 (19.02%) Git (software)
14 311 (18.78%) Continuous Integration
15 290 (17.51%) SQL Server
16 289 (17.45%) Finance
17 262 (15.82%) Spring
18 255 (15.40%) REST
19 246 (14.86%) Software Engineering
20 241 (14.55%) Oracle
20 241 (14.55%) AngularJS
21 236 (14.25%) HTML5
22 230 (13.89%) RESTful
23 229 (13.83%) OO
24 211 (12.74%) BDD
25 205 (12.38%) QA
26 203 (12.26%) Linux
26 203 (12.26%) Jenkins
27 202 (12.20%) ASP.NET
28 191 (11.53%) JUnit

Unit Testing
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 90 (5.43%) Confluence
2 74 (4.47%) WebSphere
3 54 (3.26%) JBoss
3 54 (3.26%) Tomcat
4 48 (2.90%) SharePoint
5 42 (2.54%) Elasticsearch
6 36 (2.17%) Apache Spark
7 34 (2.05%) WebSphere Application Server
8 30 (1.81%) Apache
9 29 (1.75%) CMS
10 28 (1.69%) Oracle SOA Suite
11 18 (1.09%) CICS
11 18 (1.09%) WebSphere Process Server
12 17 (1.03%) WebLogic
13 16 (0.97%) NServiceBus
14 15 (0.91%) Drupal
15 13 (0.79%) IIS
16 11 (0.66%) Alfresco
17 10 (0.60%) Mule
17 10 (0.60%) SharePoint 2013
Applications
1 96 (5.80%) MS Excel
2 24 (1.45%) MS Office
3 13 (0.79%) Photoshop
3 13 (0.79%) Spreadsheet
4 8 (0.48%) MS PowerPoint
5 6 (0.36%) MS Visio
6 5 (0.30%) Adobe Illustrator
7 3 (0.18%) OmniGraffle
8 2 (0.12%) InVision
8 2 (0.12%) LaTeX
9 1 (0.060%) Simulink
Business Applications
1 28 (1.69%) Dynamics CRM
2 11 (0.66%) Endur
2 11 (0.66%) Oracle BPM
2 11 (0.66%) Temenos T24
3 9 (0.54%) Dynamics AX
3 9 (0.54%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
4 7 (0.42%) SAP ERP
5 6 (0.36%) Oracle Retail
5 6 (0.36%) SAP EHS
6 5 (0.30%) ION MarketView
7 4 (0.24%) Magento
7 4 (0.24%) SAP CO
7 4 (0.24%) SAP FI
7 4 (0.24%) SAP FI/CO
8 3 (0.18%) Remedy ITSM
8 3 (0.18%) SAP Oil and Gas
8 3 (0.18%) SDL Web 8
9 2 (0.12%) FastStats
9 2 (0.12%) Oracle EBS R12
9 2 (0.12%) Oracle General Ledger
Cloud Services
1 108 (6.52%) Amazon AWS
2 75 (4.53%) Microsoft Azure
3 60 (3.62%) GitHub
4 26 (1.57%) Cloud Computing
5 18 (1.09%) Office 365
6 15 (0.91%) SaaS
7 8 (0.48%) Amazon ElastiCache
7 8 (0.48%) Google Analytics
7 8 (0.48%) PaaS
8 7 (0.42%) Amazon EC2
9 6 (0.36%) AWS Lambda
9 6 (0.36%) IaaS
9 6 (0.36%) TestFlight
10 5 (0.30%) Amazon S3
10 5 (0.30%) CloudFront
10 5 (0.30%) G Suite
11 4 (0.24%) Amazon CloudWatch
11 4 (0.24%) Amazon SQS
11 4 (0.24%) AWS CloudFormation
11 4 (0.24%) Google Cloud Platform
Communications & Networking
1 45 (2.72%) HTTP
2 33 (1.99%) Internet
3 20 (1.21%) LDAP
4 11 (0.66%) TCP/IP
5 7 (0.42%) FTP
6 5 (0.30%) DNS
6 5 (0.30%) Intranet
6 5 (0.30%) SAN
6 5 (0.30%) SSL
7 4 (0.24%) WAN
8 3 (0.18%) AMQP
8 3 (0.18%) iSCSI
8 3 (0.18%) SMS
9 2 (0.12%) Firewall
9 2 (0.12%) NAS
10 1 (0.060%) Bluetooth
10 1 (0.060%) DHCP
10 1 (0.060%) IPsec
10 1 (0.060%) Wireless
10 1 (0.060%) WPA
Database & Business Intelligence
1 290 (17.51%) SQL Server
2 117 (7.07%) Relational Database
3 80 (4.83%) MySQL
4 79 (4.77%) MongoDB
5 67 (4.05%) PostgreSQL
6 59 (3.56%) RDBMS
7 51 (3.08%) NoSQL
8 48 (2.90%) Data Warehouse
8 48 (2.90%) Oracle Database
9 46 (2.78%) Big Data
9 46 (2.78%) Hadoop
10 44 (2.66%) SQL Server Reporting Services
11 37 (2.23%) SQL Server 2008
12 36 (2.17%) SQL Server Integration Services
13 35 (2.11%) SQL Server 2012
14 33 (1.99%) DB2
15 27 (1.63%) Oracle Database 11g
16 24 (1.45%) Apache Hive
17 23 (1.39%) SQL Server 2014
18 21 (1.27%) Redis
Development Applications
1 315 (19.02%) Git (software)
2 203 (12.26%) Jenkins
3 191 (11.53%) JUnit
4 174 (10.51%) JIRA
5 157 (9.48%) Selenium
6 143 (8.64%) Maven
7 137 (8.27%) Cucumber
8 123 (7.43%) Mockito
9 110 (6.64%) Team Foundation Server
10 108 (6.52%) Visual Studio
11 97 (5.86%) Subversion
12 90 (5.43%) NUnit
13 67 (4.05%) Eclipse
14 63 (3.80%) Moq
15 58 (3.50%) Ant
16 55 (3.32%) SoapUI
17 53 (3.20%) gulp
18 51 (3.08%) Gradle
19 50 (3.02%) Jasmine
20 48 (2.90%) IntelliJ
General
1 289 (17.45%) Finance
2 153 (9.24%) Banking
3 55 (3.32%) Retail
4 29 (1.75%) Back Office
5 28 (1.69%) Manufacturing
5 28 (1.69%) Publishing
6 27 (1.63%) Investment Banking
7 22 (1.33%) Front Office
7 22 (1.33%) Games
8 19 (1.15%) Marketing
9 16 (0.97%) Telecoms
10 11 (0.66%) Law
11 9 (0.54%) Military
12 8 (0.48%) Avionics
12 8 (0.48%) Financial Institution
12 8 (0.48%) Pharmaceutical
13 7 (0.42%) Advertising
13 7 (0.42%) Electronics
14 6 (0.36%) Billing
15 5 (0.30%) Legal
Job Titles
1 1209 (73.01%) Developer
2 285 (17.21%) Java Developer
3 202 (12.20%) .NET Developer
4 165 (9.96%) Senior Developer
5 162 (9.78%) C# Developer
6 107 (6.46%) JavaScript Developer
7 95 (5.74%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
8 83 (5.01%) SQL Developer
9 78 (4.71%) C# .NET Developer
10 76 (4.59%) Software Engineer
11 70 (4.23%) Analyst
11 70 (4.23%) Software Developer
12 66 (3.99%) Consultant
13 64 (3.86%) Oracle Developer
14 60 (3.62%) WPF Developer
15 56 (3.38%) Angular Developer
16 53 (3.20%) Agile Developer
16 53 (3.20%) Tester
17 47 (2.84%) Full Stack Developer
18 42 (2.54%) Senior Java Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 435 (26.27%) .NET
2 402 (24.28%) HTML
3 363 (21.92%) CSS
4 355 (21.44%) Web Services
5 262 (15.82%) Spring
6 255 (15.40%) REST
7 241 (14.55%) AngularJS
8 236 (14.25%) HTML5
9 230 (13.89%) RESTful
10 202 (12.20%) ASP.NET
11 185 (11.17%) jQuery
12 181 (10.93%) XML
13 159 (9.60%) SOAP
14 154 (9.30%) CSS3
15 144 (8.70%) .NET Framework
15 144 (8.70%) JSON
16 131 (7.91%) ASP.NET MVC
17 129 (7.79%) Hibernate
18 124 (7.49%) Node.js
19 119 (7.19%) J2EE
Miscellaneous
1 105 (6.34%) User Experience
2 93 (5.62%) Analytical Skills
3 59 (3.56%) Mobile App
4 40 (2.42%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
5 38 (2.29%) Computer Science
6 29 (1.75%) Client/Server
7 27 (1.63%) Enterprise Software
8 26 (1.57%) Derivative
9 25 (1.51%) Virtual Team
10 24 (1.45%) Mainframe
11 23 (1.39%) iPad
12 21 (1.27%) Data Structures
13 20 (1.21%) Data Centre
13 20 (1.21%) Fixed Income
14 18 (1.09%) Linux Command Line
14 18 (1.09%) RIA
15 17 (1.03%) Management Information System
16 14 (0.85%) Fintech
17 10 (0.60%) Equities
17 10 (0.60%) W3C
Operating Systems
1 203 (12.26%) Linux
2 114 (6.88%) Unix
3 85 (5.13%) Windows
4 74 (4.47%) Apple iOS
5 66 (3.99%) Android
6 13 (0.79%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 12 (0.72%) Windows 10
7 12 (0.72%) zOS
8 11 (0.66%) Windows XP
9 10 (0.60%) Windows Server
10 9 (0.54%) Mac OS X
10 9 (0.54%) Solaris
11 6 (0.36%) CentOS
12 5 (0.30%) AIX
13 4 (0.24%) Mac OS X Server
13 4 (0.24%) Windows Phone
13 4 (0.24%) Windows Server 2008
14 3 (0.18%) Windows Phone 8
14 3 (0.18%) Windows Server 2012
14 3 (0.18%) Windows Vista
Processes & Methodologies
1 876 (52.90%) Agile Software Development
2 477 (28.80%) TDD
3 370 (22.34%) Scrum
4 316 (19.08%) MVC
5 311 (18.78%) Continuous Integration
6 246 (14.86%) Software Engineering
7 229 (13.83%) OO
8 211 (12.74%) BDD
9 151 (9.12%) Automated Testing
10 150 (9.06%) DevOps
11 122 (7.37%) Integration Testing
12 121 (7.31%) Front End Development
13 117 (7.07%) Pair Programming
14 112 (6.76%) Web Development
15 108 (6.52%) SDLC
16 105 (6.34%) SOA
17 104 (6.28%) Test Automation
18 100 (6.04%) User Acceptance Testing
19 99 (5.98%) Microservices
20 97 (5.86%) E-Commerce
Programming Languages
1 642 (38.77%) Java
2 531 (32.07%) JavaScript
3 493 (29.77%) SQL
4 429 (25.91%) C#
5 128 (7.73%) Python
6 110 (6.64%) Scala
7 96 (5.80%) C++
8 73 (4.41%) PL/SQL
9 70 (4.23%) PHP
10 64 (3.86%) Shell Script
11 62 (3.74%) T-SQL
12 61 (3.68%) VB.NET
13 56 (3.38%) Objective-C
14 55 (3.32%) Ruby
15 47 (2.84%) C
15 47 (2.84%) Groovy
16 40 (2.42%) Apple Swift
17 39 (2.36%) Perl
18 38 (2.29%) ES6
19 37 (2.23%) Bash Shell
Qualifications
1 104 (6.28%) Security Cleared
2 75 (4.53%) Degree
3 64 (3.86%) SC Cleared
4 15 (0.91%) DV Cleared
5 12 (0.72%) BPSS Clearance
5 12 (0.72%) ISEB
6 11 (0.66%) Microsoft Certification
7 10 (0.60%) Sun Certification
8 8 (0.48%) PMI Certification
9 6 (0.36%) CTC Cleared
9 6 (0.36%) ISTQB
10 4 (0.24%) PMP
11 3 (0.18%) CFA
11 3 (0.18%) HND
11 3 (0.18%) ISEB Practitioner
11 3 (0.18%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
11 3 (0.18%) SAP Certification
12 2 (0.12%) MCP
12 2 (0.12%) Oracle Certification
12 2 (0.12%) PhD
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 205 (12.38%) QA
2 16 (0.97%) Data Quality
3 13 (0.79%) SDET
4 6 (0.36%) Disclosure Scotland
4 6 (0.36%) IEC 61508
5 5 (0.30%) Def Stans
5 5 (0.30%) DO-178B
5 5 (0.30%) ISO26262
5 5 (0.30%) MISRA
5 5 (0.30%) MISRA C
6 4 (0.24%) Basel III
6 4 (0.24%) CRD IV
6 4 (0.24%) WAI
7 2 (0.12%) MiFID
7 2 (0.12%) PCI DSS
7 2 (0.12%) Sarbanes-Oxley
7 2 (0.12%) SLA
8 1 (0.060%) ARP4754
8 1 (0.060%) HMG Security Policy Framework
8 1 (0.060%) PMO
System Software
1 55 (3.32%) Docker
2 25 (1.51%) Active Directory
3 18 (1.09%) VMware Infrastructure
4 5 (0.30%) Apache ZooKeeper
5 4 (0.24%) HDFS
5 4 (0.24%) LXC
5 4 (0.24%) VirtualBox
5 4 (0.24%) VMware ESXi
6 3 (0.18%) Hyper-V
6 3 (0.18%) RACF
6 3 (0.18%) Samba
6 3 (0.18%) Varnish
7 2 (0.12%) NFS
7 2 (0.12%) Squid
7 2 (0.12%) vSphere
8 1 (0.060%) Apache Flume
8 1 (0.060%) KVM
8 1 (0.060%) Virtual Machines
Systems Management
1 48 (2.90%) Opscode Chef
2 39 (2.36%) Puppet
3 28 (1.69%) Ansible
4 18 (1.09%) Terraform
5 14 (0.85%) CA Service Virtualization
5 14 (0.85%) OMEGAMON
6 11 (0.66%) CA Endevor
6 11 (0.66%) Oozie
6 11 (0.66%) Oracle Identity Management
6 11 (0.66%) Oracle Identity Manager
7 7 (0.42%) Control-M
7 7 (0.42%) Hadoop YARN
8 6 (0.36%) HockeyApp
9 5 (0.30%) Capistrano
9 5 (0.30%) Kibana
9 5 (0.30%) logstash
9 5 (0.30%) Nagios
9 5 (0.30%) SCCM
10 4 (0.24%) Jamf Pro
10 4 (0.24%) Norton AntiVirus
Vendors
1 241 (14.55%) Oracle
2 176 (10.63%) Microsoft
3 60 (3.62%) IBM
4 55 (3.32%) SAP
5 34 (2.05%) Atlassian
6 33 (1.99%) Google
7 26 (1.57%) CA
8 23 (1.39%) VMware
9 20 (1.21%) Splunk
9 20 (1.21%) Teradata
10 17 (1.03%) ATG
10 17 (1.03%) Red Hat
11 16 (0.97%) Perforce
12 14 (0.85%) Apple
12 14 (0.85%) HP
12 14 (0.85%) Syncsort
13 13 (0.79%) Talend
14 12 (0.72%) Tableau
14 12 (0.72%) Zend
15 11 (0.66%) OpenLink
Portsmouth, Hampshire
Opus Recruitment Solutions Ltd
Rate: Market Rates
Posted: 15 hours ago
Newcastle Upon Tyne, Tyne and Wear
Harvey Nash plc
Rate: £200 - £400 per day
Posted: 20 hours ago
Towcester, Northamptonshire
Stafford-Sharp Associates
Rate: £350 - £450 per day
Posted: 20 hours ago
Edinburgh, Midlothian
TEKsystems
Rate: £375 - £400 per day
Posted: Yesterday
London
Morgan Mckinley
Rate: £300 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
Bristol, Somerset
Hays Specialist Recruitment
Posted: Yesterday
Glasgow, Lanarkshire
McGregor Boyall
Posted: 21 hours ago
Newbury, Berkshire
Searchability
Rate: £280 - £350 per day
Posted: Yesterday
Leeds, West Yorkshire
Fruition IT Resources Limited
Rate: £350 - £400 per day
Posted: Yesterday
Leeds, West Yorkshire
The Bridge Ltd
Rate: Unspecified NEG
Posted: 2 days ago
Taunton, Somerset
Experis Ltd
Rate: £325 - £350 per day
Posted: 5 days ago
London
Oliver Bernard
Rate: £600 - £650 per day
Posted: 5 days ago
Swansea, West Glamorgan
Talent International
Rate: £300 - £400 per day
Posted: 6 days ago
Leeds, West Yorkshire
The Bridge Ltd
Rate: Unspecified Neg
Posted: Yesterday
London
Oliver Bernard
Rate: £400 - £500 per day + Flexi Working (Some WFH)
Posted: 6 days ago
Greater Manchester
Progressive Recruitment
Rate: £300 - £301 per day + competitive
Posted: 6 days ago
City, London
Thebes IT
Posted: Yesterday
London
Oliver Bernard
Rate: £500 - £700 per day
Posted: 6 days ago
Midlands
Senitor Associates
Rate: £250 - £325 per day
Posted: 5 days ago
North West
Ideal Training
Posted: 5 days ago
Belfast, County Antrim
HAYS INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY
Rate: £466.00 per day
Posted: 5 days ago
Belfast, County Antrim
HAYS INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY
Rate: £466.00 per day
Posted: 5 days ago
Jersey, Channel Isles
Lorien Resourcing
Rate: negotiable
Posted: 5 days ago
Milton Keynes, Buckinghamshire
Sports Leaders UK
Rate: From £30,000 to £35,000 per annum
Posted: 15 days ago
Barnsley, United Kingdom
Barnsley Borough Council
Rate: £33,437 - £36,379
Posted: 12 days ago
Newcastle upon Tyne
Computer Futures
Rate: competitive
Posted: 3 days ago
Newcastle upon Tyne
Computer Futures
Rate: competitive
Posted: 3 days ago
Cambridge
OHO Group Ltd.
Rate: £400 - £500 per annum
Posted: 16 days ago