Period
to 22 September 2017

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Unit Testing skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Unit Testing over the 6 months to 22 September 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Unit Testing
UK
6 months to
22 Sep 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 132 133 122
Rank change year-on-year +1 -11 +7
Contract jobs citing Unit Testing 1943 2055 2139
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 1.97% 1.91% 1.87%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 2.33% 2.28% 2.30%
Number of daily rates quoted 1386 1438 1477
UK median daily rate £436 £425 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.59% +6.25% -
10th Percentile £313 £305 £299
90th Percentile £590 £575 £575
UK excluding London median daily rate £375 £375 £375
Number of hourly rates quoted 39 19 14
UK median hourly rate £42.50 £42.50 £37.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - +13.33% -
10th Percentile £21.09 £37.25 £35.24
90th Percentile £61.90 £49.50 £57.93
UK excluding London median hourly rate £42.88 £42.75 £37.50
% change year-on-year +0.29% +14.00% -

Unit Testing is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 83263 90012 92965
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 84.39% 83.73% 81.28%
Number of daily rates quoted 54983 59596 60125
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £408
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.88% +4.29% +1.88%
10th Percentile £281 £263 £263
90th Percentile £625 £600 £595
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £400 £375
% change year-on-year - +6.67% +2.74%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2021 2278 2614
UK median hourly rate £24.36 £24.00 £22.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +1.50% +6.67% +12.50%
10th Percentile £11.52 £11.47 £11.50
90th Percentile £50.00 £48.38 £47.71
UK excluding London median hourly rate £24.00 £25.00 £22.83
% change year-on-year -4.00% +9.51% +8.71%

Unit Testing
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Unit Testing as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Unit Testing in the UK

Unit Testing
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Unit Testing.

Contractor daily rate trend for Unit Testing in the UK

Unit Testing
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Unit Testing over the 6 months to 22 September 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Unit Testing in the UK

Unit Testing
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Unit Testing.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Unit Testing in the UK

Unit Testing
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Unit Testing over the 6 months to 22 September 2017.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Unit Testing in the UK

Unit Testing
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Unit Testing within the UK over the 6 months to 22 September 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +7 1762 £450 +5.88% 220
UK excluding London -1 991 £375 - 158
London +5 924 £483 +1.58% 70
South East +36 297 £450 +28.39% 42
North of England -27 231 £375 -6.25% 40
Midlands +29 143 £345 -9.21% 27
North West +19 135 £375 -9.64% 20
South West +11 110 £350 - 21
East Midlands +4 74 £345 -10.10% 13
West Midlands +51 68 £338 -5.26% 14
Yorkshire -49 67 £375 -6.25% 17
Wales +25 64 £373 -4.49% 2
Scotland -38 55 £360 +2.86% 6
East of England -27 45 £400 +10.34% 20
Northern Ireland -23 39 £454 +19.47%
North East +19 29 £315 -13.10% 3
Channel Islands +3 9 - -

For the 6 months to 22 September 2017, IT contractor jobs citing Unit Testing also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads with a requirement for Unit Testing.

1 1021 (52.55%) Agile Software Development
2 757 (38.96%) JavaScript
3 705 (36.28%) TDD
4 682 (35.10%) Java
5 635 (32.68%) C#
6 606 (31.19%) .NET
7 599 (30.83%) SQL
8 534 (27.48%) HTML
9 505 (25.99%) Git (software)
10 498 (25.63%) CSS
11 488 (25.12%) MVC
12 465 (23.93%) Scrum
13 454 (23.37%) Continuous Integration
14 448 (23.06%) Test Automation
15 393 (20.23%) Web Services
16 358 (18.43%) AngularJS
17 347 (17.86%) SQL Server
18 345 (17.76%) Finance
19 333 (17.14%) ASP.NET
20 329 (16.93%) OO
21 319 (16.42%) Jenkins
22 314 (16.16%) RESTful
23 307 (15.80%) REST
24 305 (15.70%) BDD
25 303 (15.59%) Spring
26 289 (14.87%) HTML5
27 271 (13.95%) Software Engineering
28 258 (13.28%) jQuery
29 240 (12.35%) Microsoft
30 237 (12.20%) Linux

Unit Testing
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 94 (4.84%) JBoss
2 91 (4.68%) Apache
3 79 (4.07%) Confluence
4 74 (3.81%) CMS
5 69 (3.55%) Apache Spark
6 65 (3.35%) SharePoint
7 64 (3.29%) Tomcat
8 55 (2.83%) Elasticsearch
9 48 (2.47%) WebSphere
10 35 (1.80%) WebLogic
11 34 (1.75%) WebSphere Application Server
12 25 (1.29%) Apache Solr
13 24 (1.24%) Oracle SOA Suite
13 24 (1.24%) WebSphere Process Server
14 23 (1.18%) Drupal
15 18 (0.93%) Umbraco
16 17 (0.87%) NServiceBus
17 16 (0.82%) iPlanet
17 16 (0.82%) Oracle Application Server
18 15 (0.77%) IIS
Applications
1 40 (2.06%) Microsoft Excel
2 10 (0.51%) Microsoft Office
2 10 (0.51%) MS Visio
2 10 (0.51%) Photoshop
3 9 (0.46%) Adobe Illustrator
4 8 (0.41%) Spreadsheet
5 7 (0.36%) Microsoft Project
6 5 (0.26%) Pipeline Pilot
7 4 (0.21%) Adobe Creative Suite
7 4 (0.21%) OmniGraffle
8 3 (0.15%) InVision
8 3 (0.15%) LaTeX
9 2 (0.10%) Microsoft PowerPoint
10 1 (0.051%) Simulink
Business Applications
1 21 (1.08%) Dynamics CRM
2 9 (0.46%) Magento
3 8 (0.41%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
4 6 (0.31%) Endur
5 5 (0.26%) Dynamics AX
5 5 (0.26%) SDL Web 8
6 4 (0.21%) SAP CO
6 4 (0.21%) SAP ERP
6 4 (0.21%) SAP FI
6 4 (0.21%) SAP FI/CO
6 4 (0.21%) Temenos T24
7 3 (0.15%) Adobe Campaign
7 3 (0.15%) BusinessWorks
7 3 (0.15%) SunGard Martini
8 2 (0.10%) HFM
8 2 (0.10%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
8 2 (0.10%) Oracle ERP
8 2 (0.10%) Pega PRPC
8 2 (0.10%) SAP BPC
8 2 (0.10%) SAP MM
Cloud Services
1 183 (9.42%) Amazon AWS
2 122 (6.28%) Microsoft Azure
3 74 (3.81%) npm
4 70 (3.60%) GitHub
5 35 (1.80%) Cloud Computing
6 27 (1.39%) SaaS
7 20 (1.03%) PaaS
8 14 (0.72%) Amazon EC2
9 13 (0.67%) Amazon S3
10 12 (0.62%) Firebase
11 10 (0.51%) Google Cloud Platform
11 10 (0.51%) Office 365
12 9 (0.46%) AWS Lambda
13 8 (0.41%) Amazon SQS
14 7 (0.36%) CloudFront
14 7 (0.36%) G Suite
15 6 (0.31%) Amazon CloudWatch
15 6 (0.31%) Amazon ElastiCache
15 6 (0.31%) Yarn
16 5 (0.26%) OpenShift
Communications & Networking
1 67 (3.45%) HTTP
2 42 (2.16%) TCP/IP
3 36 (1.85%) Internet
4 20 (1.03%) DNS
5 19 (0.98%) LDAP
6 17 (0.87%) Firewall
7 15 (0.77%) SSL
8 11 (0.57%) FTP
9 10 (0.51%) FCoE
9 10 (0.51%) iSCSI
9 10 (0.51%) SAN
9 10 (0.51%) WAN
10 8 (0.41%) Kerberos
11 7 (0.36%) Bluetooth
12 6 (0.31%) NAS
13 5 (0.26%) BIG-IP
13 5 (0.26%) ICMP
13 5 (0.26%) SMS
13 5 (0.26%) ZigBee
14 4 (0.21%) Intranet
Database & Business Intelligence
1 347 (17.86%) SQL Server
2 141 (7.26%) NoSQL
3 136 (7.00%) Relational Database
4 129 (6.64%) MongoDB
5 103 (5.30%) Big Data
6 92 (4.73%) Hadoop
7 89 (4.58%) MySQL
8 86 (4.43%) SQL Server Integration Services
9 80 (4.12%) SQL Server Reporting Services
10 70 (3.60%) RDBMS
11 60 (3.09%) Oracle Database
12 53 (2.73%) Data Warehouse
13 50 (2.57%) PostgreSQL
14 40 (2.06%) SQL Server Analysis Services
15 34 (1.75%) Apache Cassandra
16 33 (1.70%) SQL Server 2012
17 31 (1.60%) Apache Hive
18 30 (1.54%) Oracle Database 11g
19 26 (1.34%) SQL Server 2008
20 24 (1.24%) HBase
Development Applications
1 505 (25.99%) Git (software)
2 319 (16.42%) Jenkins
3 232 (11.94%) JUnit
4 186 (9.57%) JIRA
5 147 (7.57%) Maven
6 133 (6.85%) Team Foundation Server
7 130 (6.69%) Visual Studio
8 122 (6.28%) gulp
9 116 (5.97%) Mockito
10 115 (5.92%) NUnit
11 107 (5.51%) Selenium
12 94 (4.84%) TeamCity
13 92 (4.73%) Subversion
14 90 (4.63%) Cucumber
15 88 (4.53%) Gradle
16 79 (4.07%) Eclipse
17 74 (3.81%) Grunt
18 72 (3.71%) Jasmine
19 60 (3.09%) Mocha
19 60 (3.09%) webpack
General
1 345 (17.76%) Finance
2 223 (11.48%) Banking
3 82 (4.22%) Front Office
4 61 (3.14%) Retail
5 49 (2.52%) Investment Banking
6 47 (2.42%) Publishing
7 29 (1.49%) Marketing
8 25 (1.29%) Games
9 20 (1.03%) Back Office
9 20 (1.03%) Financial Institution
10 15 (0.77%) Law
10 15 (0.77%) Telecoms
11 13 (0.67%) Manufacturing
12 11 (0.57%) International Banking
12 11 (0.57%) Legal
13 9 (0.46%) Advertising
13 9 (0.46%) Retail Banking
14 5 (0.26%) Aerospace
15 4 (0.21%) Billing
15 4 (0.21%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 1531 (78.80%) Developer
2 325 (16.73%) .NET Developer
3 318 (16.37%) Java Developer
4 252 (12.97%) Senior Developer
5 202 (10.40%) C# Developer
6 135 (6.95%) JavaScript Developer
7 114 (5.87%) C# .NET Developer
8 106 (5.46%) Full Stack Developer
9 102 (5.25%) SQL Developer
10 90 (4.63%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
11 77 (3.96%) Android Developer
11 77 (3.96%) Software Engineer
12 69 (3.55%) ASP.NET MVC Developer
13 68 (3.50%) ASP.NET Developer
14 66 (3.40%) iOS Developer
15 62 (3.19%) Angular Developer
16 61 (3.14%) Senior .NET Developer
17 58 (2.99%) Software Developer
18 56 (2.88%) Agile Developer
18 56 (2.88%) Consultant
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 606 (31.19%) .NET
2 534 (27.48%) HTML
3 498 (25.63%) CSS
4 393 (20.23%) Web Services
5 358 (18.43%) AngularJS
6 333 (17.14%) ASP.NET
7 314 (16.16%) RESTful
8 307 (15.80%) REST
9 303 (15.59%) Spring
10 289 (14.87%) HTML5
11 258 (13.28%) jQuery
12 226 (11.63%) JSON
13 223 (11.48%) Node.js
14 199 (10.24%) CSS3
15 195 (10.04%) ASP.NET MVC
16 191 (9.83%) ASP.NET Web API
16 191 (9.83%) XML
17 180 (9.26%) .NET Framework
18 177 (9.11%) React
19 152 (7.82%) WCF
Miscellaneous
1 143 (7.36%) User Experience
2 104 (5.35%) Computer Science
3 97 (4.99%) Greenfield Project
4 88 (4.53%) Analytical Skills
5 87 (4.48%) Mobile App
6 82 (4.22%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
7 42 (2.16%) Derivative
7 42 (2.16%) Virtual Team
8 38 (1.96%) Data Structures
9 37 (1.90%) Enterprise Software
10 35 (1.80%) Fixed Income
11 34 (1.75%) Equities
12 31 (1.60%) Fintech
13 26 (1.34%) Management Information System
14 24 (1.24%) Algorithms
14 24 (1.24%) Linux Command Line
15 23 (1.18%) iPad
16 22 (1.13%) Data Centre
17 20 (1.03%) Clustering
18 19 (0.98%) Client/Server
Operating Systems
1 237 (12.20%) Linux
2 144 (7.41%) Unix
3 132 (6.79%) Windows
4 108 (5.56%) Android
5 94 (4.84%) Apple iOS
6 22 (1.13%) Solaris
7 20 (1.03%) SUSE
8 18 (0.93%) AIX
9 17 (0.87%) HPUX
10 10 (0.51%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
11 9 (0.46%) Mac OS
12 8 (0.41%) Windows Server
13 5 (0.26%) Windows 10
14 3 (0.15%) Windows Server 2012
15 2 (0.10%) CentOS
15 2 (0.10%) Mac OS X
15 2 (0.10%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
15 2 (0.10%) Ubuntu
16 1 (0.051%) Embedded Linux
16 1 (0.051%) VxWorks
Processes & Methodologies
1 1021 (52.55%) Agile Software Development
2 705 (36.28%) TDD
3 488 (25.12%) MVC
4 465 (23.93%) Scrum
5 454 (23.37%) Continuous Integration
6 448 (23.06%) Test Automation
7 329 (16.93%) OO
8 305 (15.70%) BDD
9 271 (13.95%) Software Engineering
10 204 (10.50%) DevOps
11 194 (9.98%) Web Development
12 170 (8.75%) Front End Development
13 143 (7.36%) SDLC
14 131 (6.74%) Pair Programming
15 127 (6.54%) OOP
15 127 (6.54%) SOLID
16 122 (6.28%) Microservices
17 111 (5.71%) Kanban
18 109 (5.61%) E-Commerce
19 101 (5.20%) SOA
Programming Languages
1 757 (38.96%) JavaScript
2 682 (35.10%) Java
3 635 (32.68%) C#
4 599 (30.83%) SQL
5 150 (7.72%) C++
6 134 (6.90%) Python
7 129 (6.64%) T-SQL
8 107 (5.51%) Scala
9 92 (4.73%) PL/SQL
10 89 (4.58%) TypeScript
11 76 (3.91%) ES6
12 66 (3.40%) Bash Shell
12 66 (3.40%) PHP
13 61 (3.14%) Shell Script
14 58 (2.99%) Objective-C
15 57 (2.93%) Apple Swift
16 56 (2.88%) Perl
17 55 (2.83%) C
18 43 (2.21%) Ruby
19 33 (1.70%) PowerShell
Qualifications
1 162 (8.34%) Degree
2 95 (4.89%) Security Cleared
3 66 (3.40%) SC Cleared
4 50 (2.57%) Computer Science Degree
5 19 (0.98%) BPSS Clearance
6 18 (0.93%) Master's Degree
7 11 (0.57%) Microsoft Certification
8 8 (0.41%) DV Cleared
8 8 (0.41%) ISEB
8 8 (0.41%) ISTQB
9 7 (0.36%) Siebel Certification
10 5 (0.26%) PhD
10 5 (0.26%) Sun Certification
11 4 (0.21%) MCITP
11 4 (0.21%) MCTS
11 4 (0.21%) Numerate Degree
12 3 (0.15%) AWS Certification
12 3 (0.15%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
12 3 (0.15%) Oracle Certification
13 2 (0.10%) MCSD
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 181 (9.32%) QA
2 28 (1.44%) MiFID
3 16 (0.82%) Data Quality
4 10 (0.51%) WAI
5 7 (0.36%) WCAG
6 6 (0.31%) Def Stans
6 6 (0.31%) DO-178B
6 6 (0.31%) IEC 61508
7 5 (0.26%) Disclosure Scotland
8 3 (0.15%) GAAP
8 3 (0.15%) ISO/IEC 27001
9 2 (0.10%) EMIR
9 2 (0.10%) Sarbanes-Oxley
10 1 (0.051%) COBIT
10 1 (0.051%) DICOM
10 1 (0.051%) ISO 13485
10 1 (0.051%) ISO 14001
10 1 (0.051%) ISO 9001
10 1 (0.051%) MISRA
System Software
1 116 (5.97%) Docker
2 31 (1.60%) Apache ZooKeeper
3 25 (1.29%) Active Directory
4 22 (1.13%) HDFS
5 13 (0.67%) Samba
6 10 (0.51%) VMware Infrastructure
7 9 (0.46%) Hyper-V
7 9 (0.46%) KVM
8 8 (0.41%) Veritas Volume Manager
9 6 (0.31%) Oracle RAC
10 5 (0.26%) Varnish
11 4 (0.21%) Platform Symphony
12 2 (0.10%) LXC
13 1 (0.051%) Apache Flume
Systems Management
1 44 (2.26%) Opscode Chef
2 38 (1.96%) Puppet
3 36 (1.85%) Ansible
4 33 (1.70%) Terraform
5 22 (1.13%) Oozie
6 19 (0.98%) Hadoop YARN
7 9 (0.46%) Kubernetes
8 6 (0.31%) logstash
8 6 (0.31%) OpenView
9 5 (0.26%) Oracle Identity Management
9 5 (0.26%) Oracle Identity Manager
10 4 (0.21%) Consul
10 4 (0.21%) Mesos
10 4 (0.21%) Prometheus
11 3 (0.15%) Ambari
11 3 (0.15%) Forefront Identity Manager
11 3 (0.15%) HP Quality Center
11 3 (0.15%) Kibana
11 3 (0.15%) TeamSite
11 3 (0.15%) WSUS
Vendors
1 240 (12.35%) Microsoft
2 227 (11.68%) Oracle
3 45 (2.32%) Google
4 40 (2.06%) Perforce
5 38 (1.96%) Apple
6 36 (1.85%) IBM
7 33 (1.70%) SAP
8 32 (1.65%) Red Hat
9 21 (1.08%) HP
10 20 (1.03%) VMware
11 18 (0.93%) F5
12 16 (0.82%) Atlassian
12 16 (0.82%) Sun
13 15 (0.77%) Adobe
14 13 (0.67%) Cisco
14 13 (0.67%) Salesforce.com
14 13 (0.67%) Sitecore
15 12 (0.62%) Sybase
16 11 (0.57%) Cognos
16 11 (0.57%) Siebel