Period
to 21 August 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Unit Testing skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Unit Testing over the 6 months to 21 August 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Unit Testing
UK
6 months to
21 Aug 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 116 126 139
Rank change year-on-year +10 +13 -10
Contract jobs citing Unit Testing 2,307 1,934 2,006
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 2.26% 2.02% 1.85%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 2.62% 2.36% 2.18%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,601 1,339 1,421
UK median daily rate £463 £425 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +8.82% - +6.25%
10th Percentile £325 £313 £306
90th Percentile £600 £588 £585
UK excluding London median daily rate £413 £375 £375
% change year-on-year +10.00% - +7.14%
Number of hourly rates quoted 37 39 19
UK median hourly rate £49.50 £42.50 £43.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +16.47% -1.16% +14.67%
10th Percentile £38.40 £21.09 £37.25
90th Percentile £51.00 £61.90 £49.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £49.50 £42.50 £43.00
% change year-on-year +16.47% -1.16% +14.67%

Unit Testing is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 88,010 81,989 92,052
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 86.19% 85.54% 84.86%
Number of daily rates quoted 58,032 53,704 60,739
UK median daily rate £450 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.88% +6.25%
10th Percentile £300 £275 £263
90th Percentile £638 £625 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £400 £400
% change year-on-year +6.25% - +6.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2,377 2,066 2,306
UK median hourly rate £21.00 £25.00 £23.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -16.00% +6.38% +9.05%
10th Percentile £11.17 £11.44 £11.25
90th Percentile £50.00 £50.08 £47.91
UK excluding London median hourly rate £20.00 £25.00 £24.00
% change year-on-year -20.00% +4.17% +11.14%

Unit Testing
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Unit Testing as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Unit Testing in the UK

Unit Testing
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Unit Testing.

Contractor daily rate trend for Unit Testing in the UK

Unit Testing
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Unit Testing over the 6 months to 21 August 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Unit Testing in the UK

Unit Testing
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Unit Testing.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Unit Testing in the UK

Unit Testing
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Unit Testing over the 6 months to 21 August 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Unit Testing in the UK

Unit Testing
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Unit Testing within the UK over the 6 months to 21 August 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +14 2,128 £475 +6.74% 704
London +26 1,195 £515 +6.74% 233
UK excluding London -4 1,091 £413 +10.00% 510
South East -15 327 £430 -1.71% 116
North of England -22 236 £388 +3.33% 132
South West +23 155 £389 +11.07% 83
Midlands -11 148 £376 +11.48% 81
North West -22 127 £375 - 80
East Midlands +8 103 £375 +11.11% 38
Scotland +5 103 £425 +18.88% 24
Yorkshire 0 95 £400 +6.67% 40
East of England +12 67 £450 +11.80% 58
Wales -34 45 £425 +13.71% 9
West Midlands -43 45 £400 +18.52% 43
North East -19 14 £370 +5.71% 12
Northern Ireland +2 11 £500 +7.30% 7
Channel Islands -5 3 - -

For the 6 months to 21 August 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Unit Testing also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Unit Testing.

1 1,272 (55.14%) Agile Software Development
2 950 (41.18%) JavaScript
3 869 (37.67%) TDD
4 728 (31.56%) C#
5 702 (30.43%) .NET
6 699 (30.30%) HTML
7 696 (30.17%) Java
8 637 (27.61%) CSS
9 606 (26.27%) SQL
10 581 (25.18%) Git (software)
11 558 (24.19%) Test Automation
12 524 (22.71%) Scrum
13 491 (21.28%) SQL Server
14 486 (21.07%) AngularJS
15 478 (20.72%) Finance
16 473 (20.50%) BDD
17 451 (19.55%) Continuous Integration
18 433 (18.77%) Web Services
19 423 (18.34%) MVC
20 402 (17.43%) Jenkins
21 398 (17.25%) HTML5
22 385 (16.69%) Node.js
23 380 (16.47%) React
24 370 (16.04%) RESTful
25 335 (14.52%) REST
26 334 (14.48%) CSS3
27 328 (14.22%) Software Engineering
28 325 (14.09%) OO
29 304 (13.18%) Spring
30 301 (13.05%) jQuery

Unit Testing
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 145 (6.29%) Confluence
2 98 (4.25%) Apache
3 83 (3.60%) Elasticsearch
4 74 (3.21%) CMS
5 73 (3.16%) NServiceBus
6 50 (2.17%) Apache Spark
7 37 (1.60%) IIS
8 36 (1.56%) Adobe Experience Manager
8 36 (1.56%) Tomcat
9 29 (1.26%) Oracle SOA Suite
10 28 (1.21%) WebLogic
10 28 (1.21%) WebSphere
11 25 (1.08%) SharePoint
12 22 (0.95%) Mule
13 19 (0.82%) JBoss
14 15 (0.65%) Liferay
15 14 (0.61%) Apache Solr
15 14 (0.61%) Sitecore CMS
16 13 (0.56%) Oracle Service Bus
17 11 (0.48%) GemFire
Applications
1 28 (1.21%) Photoshop
2 20 (0.87%) Microsoft Excel
3 14 (0.61%) Microsoft Office
4 10 (0.43%) MS Visio
5 9 (0.39%) Adobe Illustrator
6 7 (0.30%) Microsoft PowerPoint
7 6 (0.26%) Acrobat
7 6 (0.26%) GIMP
7 6 (0.26%) Microsoft Project
8 3 (0.13%) Spreadsheet
9 2 (0.087%) Fireworks
9 2 (0.087%) SOLIDWORKS
10 1 (0.043%) Adobe Creative Suite
10 1 (0.043%) Chatbot
Business Applications
1 39 (1.69%) Dynamics CRM
2 10 (0.43%) Endur
2 10 (0.43%) Oracle Payables
2 10 (0.43%) Oracle Receivables
3 9 (0.39%) Payment Gateway
4 8 (0.35%) Magento
5 6 (0.26%) Oracle EBS R12
6 4 (0.17%) Global One
6 4 (0.17%) Maximo
6 4 (0.17%) Oracle Assets
6 4 (0.17%) Oracle EBS
6 4 (0.17%) SAP CO
6 4 (0.17%) SAP FI
6 4 (0.17%) SAP FI/CO
7 3 (0.13%) ION MarketView
7 3 (0.13%) Oracle BPM
7 3 (0.13%) Oracle Cash Management
7 3 (0.13%) Oracle ERP
7 3 (0.13%) Oracle General Ledger
7 3 (0.13%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
Cloud Services
1 292 (12.66%) Microsoft Azure
2 273 (11.83%) Amazon AWS
3 106 (4.59%) npm
4 76 (3.29%) Cloud Computing
4 76 (3.29%) Serverless
5 52 (2.25%) GitHub
6 37 (1.60%) AWS Lambda
7 24 (1.04%) NuGet
8 22 (0.95%) Amazon EC2
9 20 (0.87%) Dynamics 365
9 20 (0.87%) Google Cloud Platform
9 20 (0.87%) PaaS
10 19 (0.82%) SaaS
10 19 (0.82%) Yarn
11 17 (0.74%) OpenShift
12 15 (0.65%) Amazon S3
13 14 (0.61%) Azure Functions
14 13 (0.56%) AWS CloudFormation
15 11 (0.48%) Amazon Kinesis
16 6 (0.26%) Trello
Communications & Networking
1 148 (6.42%) HTTP
2 57 (2.47%) TCP/IP
3 46 (1.99%) Internet
4 22 (0.95%) FTP
5 20 (0.87%) SSL
6 11 (0.48%) DMARC
6 11 (0.48%) DNS
6 11 (0.48%) Intranet
7 10 (0.43%) SMS
7 10 (0.43%) Wi-Fi
8 8 (0.35%) BIG-IP
8 8 (0.35%) DKIM
9 7 (0.30%) Kerberos
10 5 (0.22%) AMQP
10 5 (0.22%) BGP
10 5 (0.22%) DLNA
10 5 (0.22%) HTTPS
10 5 (0.22%) OSPF
10 5 (0.22%) UPnP
10 5 (0.22%) VLAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 491 (21.28%) SQL Server
2 121 (5.24%) Relational Database
3 98 (4.25%) NoSQL
4 96 (4.16%) MySQL
5 75 (3.25%) Big Data
6 69 (2.99%) MongoDB
7 62 (2.69%) PostgreSQL
8 54 (2.34%) SQL Server Integration Services
9 52 (2.25%) Oracle Database
10 49 (2.12%) Data Warehouse
11 45 (1.95%) Hadoop
12 42 (1.82%) RDBMS
13 34 (1.47%) SQL Server Reporting Services
14 28 (1.21%) Apache Cassandra
14 28 (1.21%) Azure SQL Database
15 26 (1.13%) SQL Server 2012
16 23 (1.00%) Redis
17 22 (0.95%) SQL Server Analysis Services
18 21 (0.91%) HBase
18 21 (0.91%) Oracle Database 12c
Development Applications
1 581 (25.18%) Git (software)
2 402 (17.43%) Jenkins
3 235 (10.19%) JIRA
4 191 (8.28%) JUnit
5 167 (7.24%) Selenium
6 141 (6.11%) Maven
7 129 (5.59%) webpack
8 126 (5.46%) TeamCity
9 125 (5.42%) Mockito
10 114 (4.94%) gulp
11 109 (4.72%) NUnit
12 105 (4.55%) Mocha
13 104 (4.51%) Gradle
13 104 (4.51%) Jasmine
14 103 (4.46%) Visual Studio
15 94 (4.07%) Team Foundation Server
16 87 (3.77%) Grunt
17 78 (3.38%) Subversion
18 71 (3.08%) Eclipse
19 69 (2.99%) SpecFlow
General
1 478 (20.72%) Finance
2 252 (10.92%) Banking
3 96 (4.16%) Retail
4 85 (3.68%) Front Office
5 53 (2.30%) Investment Banking
6 45 (1.95%) Financial Institution
7 37 (1.60%) Marketing
8 30 (1.30%) Back Office
9 27 (1.17%) Publishing
10 20 (0.87%) Games
10 20 (0.87%) Manufacturing
10 20 (0.87%) Telecoms
11 17 (0.74%) Legal
12 16 (0.69%) Automotive
13 13 (0.56%) Electronics
14 11 (0.48%) Aerospace
14 11 (0.48%) Law
15 10 (0.43%) Retail Banking
16 8 (0.35%) Advertising
17 7 (0.30%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 1,832 (79.41%) Developer
2 343 (14.87%) .NET Developer
3 310 (13.44%) Java Developer
4 288 (12.48%) C# Developer
5 195 (8.45%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
6 190 (8.24%) Senior Developer
7 168 (7.28%) React Developer
8 147 (6.37%) Full Stack Developer
9 137 (5.94%) JavaScript Developer
10 129 (5.59%) C# .NET Developer
11 108 (4.68%) Software Engineer
12 85 (3.68%) Angular Developer
13 83 (3.60%) SQL Developer
14 81 (3.51%) UI Developer
15 78 (3.38%) Software Developer
16 71 (3.08%) Node.js Developer
17 62 (2.69%) iOS Developer
18 59 (2.56%) Analyst
19 56 (2.43%) Android Developer
20 54 (2.34%) ASP.NET MVC Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 702 (30.43%) .NET
2 699 (30.30%) HTML
3 637 (27.61%) CSS
4 486 (21.07%) AngularJS
5 433 (18.77%) Web Services
6 398 (17.25%) HTML5
7 385 (16.69%) Node.js
8 380 (16.47%) React
9 370 (16.04%) RESTful
10 335 (14.52%) REST
11 334 (14.48%) CSS3
12 304 (13.18%) Spring
13 301 (13.05%) jQuery
14 280 (12.14%) ASP.NET
15 241 (10.45%) ASP.NET Web API
16 229 (9.93%) XML
17 226 (9.80%) .NET Framework
18 211 (9.15%) JSON
19 183 (7.93%) Redux
20 175 (7.59%) Sass
Miscellaneous
1 200 (8.67%) User Experience
2 136 (5.90%) Computer Science
3 123 (5.33%) Analytical Skills
4 109 (4.72%) Greenfield Project
5 88 (3.81%) Mobile App
6 81 (3.51%) Enterprise Software
7 68 (2.95%) Fintech
8 65 (2.82%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
9 48 (2.08%) Derivative
10 45 (1.95%) Self-Motivation
11 41 (1.78%) Equities
12 40 (1.73%) Fixed Income
13 39 (1.69%) Data Structures
14 31 (1.34%) Algorithms
15 29 (1.26%) Management Information System
16 28 (1.21%) N-Tier
17 27 (1.17%) Linux Command Line
18 26 (1.13%) iPad
19 25 (1.08%) iPhone
20 22 (0.95%) Hedge funds
Operating Systems
1 198 (8.58%) Linux
2 153 (6.63%) Unix
3 123 (5.33%) Windows
4 99 (4.29%) Apple iOS
5 97 (4.20%) Android
6 16 (0.69%) Windows Server
7 15 (0.65%) Embedded Linux
7 15 (0.65%) Solaris
8 14 (0.61%) VMS
9 9 (0.39%) SUSE
9 9 (0.39%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
10 7 (0.30%) OpenVMS
11 5 (0.22%) CentOS
12 4 (0.17%) AIX
12 4 (0.17%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
12 4 (0.17%) Windows Embedded Compact
13 2 (0.087%) Mac OS X
13 2 (0.087%) Windows Server 2012
14 1 (0.043%) Windows Phone
14 1 (0.043%) Windows Server 2003
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,272 (55.14%) Agile Software Development
2 869 (37.67%) TDD
3 558 (24.19%) Test Automation
4 524 (22.71%) Scrum
5 473 (20.50%) BDD
6 451 (19.55%) Continuous Integration
7 423 (18.34%) MVC
8 328 (14.22%) Software Engineering
9 325 (14.09%) OO
10 266 (11.53%) Front End Development
10 266 (11.53%) Microservices
11 253 (10.97%) DevOps
12 232 (10.06%) SDLC
13 214 (9.28%) Problem-Solving
14 188 (8.15%) Multithreading
15 176 (7.63%) SOA
16 173 (7.50%) E-Commerce
16 173 (7.50%) Web Development
17 154 (6.68%) Continuous Delivery
18 144 (6.24%) Kanban
Programming Languages
1 950 (41.18%) JavaScript
2 728 (31.56%) C#
3 696 (30.17%) Java
4 606 (26.27%) SQL
5 181 (7.85%) Python
6 155 (6.72%) ES6
7 148 (6.42%) C++
8 141 (6.11%) T-SQL
9 140 (6.07%) TypeScript
10 109 (4.72%) Java 8
11 98 (4.25%) PHP
12 92 (3.99%) C
13 86 (3.73%) Scala
14 68 (2.95%) Apple Swift
15 64 (2.77%) Groovy
16 60 (2.60%) Shell Script
17 59 (2.56%) Objective-C
18 57 (2.47%) PL/SQL
19 42 (1.82%) Ruby
20 40 (1.73%) Perl
Qualifications
1 162 (7.02%) Degree
2 89 (3.86%) Security Cleared
3 66 (2.86%) Computer Science Degree
4 62 (2.69%) SC Cleared
5 21 (0.91%) BPSS Clearance
6 14 (0.61%) Microsoft Certification
7 13 (0.56%) Master's Degree
8 11 (0.48%) Siebel Certification
9 9 (0.39%) ISEB
10 8 (0.35%) ISTQB
11 7 (0.30%) BC Cleared
12 6 (0.26%) HND
13 5 (0.22%) Numerate Degree
14 4 (0.17%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
14 4 (0.17%) MBA
14 4 (0.17%) PhD
15 2 (0.087%) CTC Cleared
15 2 (0.087%) DV Cleared
15 2 (0.087%) OCA
15 2 (0.087%) Oracle Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 185 (8.02%) QA
2 9 (0.39%) GCP
3 5 (0.22%) HMG Security Policy Framework
3 5 (0.22%) ISO 20022
3 5 (0.22%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 5 (0.22%) PCI DSS
4 3 (0.13%) Disclosure Scotland
4 3 (0.13%) Solvency II
5 2 (0.087%) 21 CFR Part 11
5 2 (0.087%) Data Quality
5 2 (0.087%) GLP
5 2 (0.087%) GMP
5 2 (0.087%) GxP
5 2 (0.087%) PMO
5 2 (0.087%) SEPA
5 2 (0.087%) WAI
6 1 (0.043%) GDPR
6 1 (0.043%) MISRA
6 1 (0.043%) MISRA C
6 1 (0.043%) SLA
System Software
1 208 (9.02%) Docker
2 29 (1.26%) Apache ZooKeeper
3 10 (0.43%) Active Directory
4 8 (0.35%) HDFS
5 6 (0.26%) VMware Infrastructure
6 2 (0.087%) Apache Flume
6 2 (0.087%) Firmware
6 2 (0.087%) Platform Symphony
7 1 (0.043%) Squid
7 1 (0.043%) Virtual Machines
7 1 (0.043%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 75 (3.25%) Ansible
2 72 (3.12%) Kubernetes
3 66 (2.86%) Puppet
4 50 (2.17%) Opscode Chef
5 27 (1.17%) Hadoop YARN
6 15 (0.65%) Oracle Identity Management
6 15 (0.65%) Oracle Identity Manager
6 15 (0.65%) Prometheus
6 15 (0.65%) Salt
7 12 (0.52%) HP ALM
8 9 (0.39%) Single Sign-On
9 8 (0.35%) CFEngine
9 8 (0.35%) Terraform
10 6 (0.26%) Docker Swarm
10 6 (0.26%) HP Quality Center
11 4 (0.17%) Oozie
12 3 (0.13%) Grafana
13 2 (0.087%) Kibana
14 1 (0.043%) Capistrano
14 1 (0.043%) Rancher
Vendors
1 262 (11.36%) Microsoft
2 195 (8.45%) Oracle
3 52 (2.25%) Adobe
4 46 (1.99%) Google
5 45 (1.95%) IBM
5 45 (1.95%) Perforce
6 37 (1.60%) Atlassian
7 31 (1.34%) SAP
8 27 (1.17%) TIBCO
9 25 (1.08%) MuleSoft
10 22 (0.95%) Sybase
11 21 (0.91%) Sitecore
11 21 (0.91%) Splunk
12 19 (0.82%) Coverity
13 18 (0.78%) Salesforce.com
13 18 (0.78%) Tableau
14 17 (0.74%) Zend
15 13 (0.56%) Okta
15 13 (0.56%) Siebel
16 12 (0.52%) HP