Period
to 27 May 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Unit Testing skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Unit Testing over the 6 months to 27 May 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Unit Testing
UK
6 months to
27 May 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 163 134 119
Rank change year-on-year -29 -15 +21
Contract jobs citing Unit Testing 743 1,791 2,183
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 1.58% 1.97% 2.17%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 1.85% 2.26% 2.49%
Number of daily rates quoted 505 1,208 1,548
Median daily rate £475 £475 £465
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +2.15% +9.41%
10th Percentile £350 £350 £325
90th Percentile £638 £625 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £445 £450 £413
% change year-on-year -1.11% +9.09% +9.27%
Number of hourly rates quoted 14 29 15
Median hourly rate £42.75 £45.00 £47.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -5.00% -5.26% +12.43%
10th Percentile £35.86 £38.75 £35.40
90th Percentile £48.75 £56.50 £119.40
UK excluding London median hourly rate £43.50 £43.50 £42.50
% change year-on-year - +2.35% +2.10%

Unit Testing is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 40,250 79,150 87,632
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 85.41% 87.28% 86.96%
Number of daily rates quoted 25,362 52,132 57,814
Median daily rate £475 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.56% +2.86%
10th Percentile £300 £305 £298
90th Percentile £675 £650 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £438 £420
% change year-on-year +2.86% +4.17% +5.00%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,419 2,121 2,312
Median hourly rate £29.00 £24.92 £22.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +16.40% +13.25% -12.42%
10th Percentile £12.75 £11.80 £11.17
90th Percentile £55.00 £51.42 £50.00
Median hourly rate £23.00 £23.75 £20.31
% change year-on-year -3.16% +16.94% -21.88%

Unit Testing
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Unit Testing as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Unit Testing in the UK

Unit Testing
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Unit Testing.

Daily rate trend for Unit Testing in the UK

Unit Testing
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Unit Testing over the 6 months to 27 May 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Unit Testing in the UK

Unit Testing
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Unit Testing.

Hourly rate trend for Unit Testing in the UK

Unit Testing
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Unit Testing within the UK over the 6 months to 27 May 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -30 641 £488 - 143
UK excluding London -20 383 £445 -1.11% 111
London -22 333 £530 +0.95% 44
South East +52 138 £458 +1.68% 26
Scotland -4 60 £450 +5.88% 8
South West +24 57 £421 -15.90% 23
North of England -16 50 £388 -8.82% 37
East of England +41 40 £400 -11.11% 6
North West -1 25 £448 +11.88% 19
Midlands -28 20 £440 -7.37% 7
Work from Home +4 19 £380 -24.75% 14
Wales -7 15 £400 -1.54% 4
Yorkshire +10 13 £375 -11.76% 7
West Midlands -4 13 £450 -5.26% 7
North East +5 12 £384 -14.72% 11
East Midlands -4 7 £425 -15.00%
Northern Ireland 0 3 £350 -24.73%

For the 6 months to 27 May 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Unit Testing also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Unit Testing.

1 346 (46.57%) Agile Software Development
2 254 (34.19%) JavaScript
3 250 (33.65%) C#
4 235 (31.63%) SQL
5 221 (29.74%) .NET
6 198 (26.65%) Java
7 195 (26.24%) Git (software)
8 188 (25.30%) HTML
9 186 (25.03%) Security Cleared
10 167 (22.48%) SQL Server
11 162 (21.80%) TDD
12 159 (21.40%) Oracle
12 159 (21.40%) CSS
13 151 (20.32%) Scrum
13 151 (20.32%) SC Cleared
14 144 (19.38%) Azure
15 142 (19.11%) Continuous Integration
16 141 (18.98%) Web Services
17 135 (18.17%) Microsoft
18 131 (17.63%) REST
19 130 (17.50%) DevOps
20 126 (16.96%) AngularJS
21 122 (16.42%) Test Automation
22 120 (16.15%) Finance
23 107 (14.40%) SOAP
23 107 (14.40%) React
24 105 (14.13%) Software Engineering
25 89 (11.98%) Node.js
26 88 (11.84%) OO
27 86 (11.57%) PL/SQL

Unit Testing
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 35 (4.71%) Apache
2 33 (4.44%) Oracle SOA Suite
3 27 (3.63%) Tomcat
4 17 (2.29%) NServiceBus
4 17 (2.29%) WebLogic
4 17 (2.29%) WebSphere
5 14 (1.88%) Confluence
6 12 (1.62%) SharePoint
7 10 (1.35%) Elasticsearch
8 9 (1.21%) IIS
9 8 (1.08%) Apache Spark
9 8 (1.08%) CMS
10 7 (0.94%) Cloud Foundry
11 6 (0.81%) Drupal
12 5 (0.67%) Adobe Experience Manager
12 5 (0.67%) BizTalk Server
12 5 (0.67%) SharePoint 2013
13 4 (0.54%) WordPress
14 3 (0.40%) Jetty
14 3 (0.40%) Mule
Applications
1 19 (2.56%) Photoshop
2 13 (1.75%) Microsoft Excel
3 10 (1.35%) Acrobat
4 8 (1.08%) Sketch
5 5 (0.67%) Microsoft Office
6 2 (0.27%) Microsoft PowerPoint
7 1 (0.13%) Spreadsheet
7 1 (0.13%) Zeplin
Business Applications
1 50 (6.73%) Oracle Payables
2 33 (4.44%) Oracle Cash Management
3 30 (4.04%) Oracle Receivables
4 24 (3.23%) Oracle ERP
5 17 (2.29%) Remedy ITSM
6 11 (1.48%) Magento
7 9 (1.21%) Shopify
8 8 (1.08%) Oracle EBS
9 6 (0.81%) Dynamics AX
10 5 (0.67%) MFGPRO
11 4 (0.54%) Dynamics NAV
12 3 (0.40%) Oracle EBS R12
12 3 (0.40%) Oracle General Ledger
12 3 (0.40%) Siebel CRM
13 2 (0.27%) Eloqua
13 2 (0.27%) SAP ERP
13 2 (0.27%) SAP S/4HANA
14 1 (0.13%) Dynamics CRM
14 1 (0.13%) Oracle Applications
14 1 (0.13%) SAP QM
Cloud Services
1 144 (19.38%) Azure
2 84 (11.31%) AWS
3 43 (5.79%) SaaS
4 37 (4.98%) Serverless
5 26 (3.50%) AWS Lambda
6 24 (3.23%) GitHub
7 23 (3.10%) GCP
8 22 (2.96%) PaaS
9 18 (2.42%) npm
10 17 (2.29%) OpenShift
11 9 (1.21%) Power Platform
12 7 (0.94%) Amazon S3
12 7 (0.94%) AWS CloudFormation
12 7 (0.94%) AWS Step Functions
12 7 (0.94%) Dynamics 365
13 6 (0.81%) BlazeMeter
13 6 (0.81%) Firebase
13 6 (0.81%) Yarn
14 5 (0.67%) Amazon ECS
15 4 (0.54%) Heroku
Communications & Networking
1 25 (3.36%) HTTP
2 22 (2.96%) SNMP
3 17 (2.29%) TCP/IP
4 13 (1.75%) Internet
5 10 (1.35%) DNS
6 9 (1.21%) DOCSIS
6 9 (1.21%) Firewall
7 8 (1.08%) WAN
7 8 (1.08%) Wireless
8 7 (0.94%) Ethernet
9 6 (0.81%) Intranet
9 6 (0.81%) iSCSI
9 6 (0.81%) SAN
9 6 (0.81%) Wireshark
10 5 (0.67%) 802.11
10 5 (0.67%) DSL
10 5 (0.67%) Telnet
10 5 (0.67%) UPnP
10 5 (0.67%) WPA
10 5 (0.67%) WPA2
Database & Business Intelligence
1 167 (22.48%) SQL Server
2 46 (6.19%) Relational Database
3 39 (5.25%) NoSQL
4 30 (4.04%) MongoDB
5 28 (3.77%) SQL Server Integration Services
6 24 (3.23%) Oracle Database
7 23 (3.10%) SQL Server Reporting Services
8 22 (2.96%) MySQL
9 19 (2.56%) Apache Cassandra
10 13 (1.75%) Big Data
11 12 (1.62%) RDBMS
12 11 (1.48%) PostgreSQL
13 10 (1.35%) Cosmos DB
13 10 (1.35%) Oracle Database 11g
14 9 (1.21%) Power BI
15 8 (1.08%) Hadoop
15 8 (1.08%) Redis
16 7 (0.94%) Azure SQL Database
16 7 (0.94%) Data Lake
16 7 (0.94%) Data Warehouse
Development Applications
1 195 (26.24%) Git (software)
2 76 (10.23%) Jenkins
3 56 (7.54%) JIRA
4 55 (7.40%) TeamCity
5 52 (7.00%) Team Foundation Server
6 49 (6.59%) Visual Studio
7 47 (6.33%) Selenium
8 41 (5.52%) Subversion
9 29 (3.90%) Cucumber
10 25 (3.36%) Jasmine
10 25 (3.36%) Postman
11 23 (3.10%) Mockito
11 23 (3.10%) SpecFlow
12 22 (2.96%) SoapUI
13 21 (2.83%) NUnit
14 19 (2.56%) gulp
15 18 (2.42%) Maven
15 18 (2.42%) Octopus Deploy
16 17 (2.29%) JUnit
16 17 (2.29%) Moq
General
1 120 (16.15%) Finance
2 65 (8.75%) Public Sector
3 58 (7.81%) Banking
4 48 (6.46%) General Ledger
5 41 (5.52%) Front Office
6 26 (3.50%) Investment Banking
7 19 (2.56%) Retail
8 17 (2.29%) Telecoms
9 15 (2.02%) Manufacturing
10 13 (1.75%) Marketing
11 10 (1.35%) Electronics
11 10 (1.35%) Games
12 6 (0.81%) Back Office
13 5 (0.67%) Retail Banking
14 4 (0.54%) Automotive
14 4 (0.54%) Law
14 4 (0.54%) Local Government
15 3 (0.40%) Avionics
15 3 (0.40%) Billing
16 2 (0.27%) Private Banking
Job Titles
1 536 (72.14%) Developer
2 112 (15.07%) .NET Developer
3 82 (11.04%) C# Developer
4 81 (10.90%) Java Developer
5 50 (6.73%) Senior Developer
6 45 (6.06%) React Developer
7 43 (5.79%) Software Engineer
8 37 (4.98%) Angular Developer
8 37 (4.98%) UI Developer
9 36 (4.85%) Full Stack Developer
10 33 (4.44%) Software Developer
11 32 (4.31%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
12 31 (4.17%) JavaScript Developer
12 31 (4.17%) SQL Developer
13 26 (3.50%) C# .NET Developer
14 25 (3.36%) Analyst
14 25 (3.36%) Oracle Developer
15 24 (3.23%) Architect
15 24 (3.23%) Technical Developer
16 21 (2.83%) WPF Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 221 (29.74%) .NET
2 188 (25.30%) HTML
3 159 (21.40%) CSS
4 141 (18.98%) Web Services
5 131 (17.63%) REST
6 126 (16.96%) AngularJS
7 107 (14.40%) React
7 107 (14.40%) SOAP
8 89 (11.98%) Node.js
9 84 (11.31%) .NET Framework
10 80 (10.77%) ASP.NET
11 76 (10.23%) HTML5
12 74 (9.96%) RESTful
13 66 (8.88%) XML
14 65 (8.75%) Spring
15 63 (8.48%) JSON
16 55 (7.40%) Entity Framework
17 50 (6.73%) ASP.NET Web API
18 49 (6.59%) jQuery
18 49 (6.59%) Redux
Miscellaneous
1 78 (10.50%) User Experience
2 44 (5.92%) Analytical Skills
3 25 (3.36%) Fixed Income
4 18 (2.42%) Enterprise Software
5 15 (2.02%) Greenfield Project
6 13 (1.75%) Self-Motivation
6 13 (1.75%) W3C
7 12 (1.62%) Data Structures
7 12 (1.62%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
7 12 (1.62%) Virtual Team
8 11 (1.48%) Cloud Native
8 11 (1.48%) Mobile App
9 10 (1.35%) Reinsurance
10 6 (0.81%) Linux Command Line
11 5 (0.67%) Hedge funds
11 5 (0.67%) IPTV
11 5 (0.67%) Management Information System
11 5 (0.67%) N-Tier
12 4 (0.54%) Animation
12 4 (0.54%) Video\Live Streaming
Operating Systems
1 84 (11.31%) Windows
2 80 (10.77%) Linux
3 31 (4.17%) Android
4 23 (3.10%) Apple iOS
4 23 (3.10%) Unix
5 21 (2.83%) Windows Server
6 8 (1.08%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 5 (0.67%) Windows 10
8 3 (0.40%) Windows Server 2012
8 3 (0.40%) Windows Server 2016
9 2 (0.27%) VMS
10 1 (0.13%) Oracle Linux
10 1 (0.13%) tvOS
10 1 (0.13%) Windows 7
10 1 (0.13%) Windows XP
Processes & Methodologies
1 346 (46.57%) Agile Software Development
2 162 (21.80%) TDD
3 151 (20.32%) Scrum
4 142 (19.11%) Continuous Integration
5 130 (17.50%) DevOps
6 122 (16.42%) Test Automation
7 105 (14.13%) Software Engineering
8 88 (11.84%) OO
9 86 (11.57%) MVC
10 79 (10.63%) Web Development
11 72 (9.69%) BDD
11 72 (9.69%) Migration
11 72 (9.69%) Problem-Solving
12 71 (9.56%) Microservices
13 68 (9.15%) ERP
14 59 (7.94%) Data Migration
14 59 (7.94%) Integration Testing
15 57 (7.67%) SDLC
16 53 (7.13%) SOA
17 46 (6.19%) OOP
Programming Languages
1 254 (34.19%) JavaScript
2 250 (33.65%) C#
3 235 (31.63%) SQL
4 198 (26.65%) Java
5 86 (11.57%) PL/SQL
6 84 (11.31%) Python
6 84 (11.31%) Shell Script
7 53 (7.13%) T-SQL
8 51 (6.86%) TypeScript
9 50 (6.73%) PowerShell
10 44 (5.92%) C++
11 30 (4.04%) PHP
12 27 (3.63%) C
12 27 (3.63%) ES6
13 26 (3.50%) Java 8
13 26 (3.50%) Perl
14 23 (3.10%) Bash Shell
15 21 (2.83%) Kotlin
16 14 (1.88%) Apple Swift
17 10 (1.35%) Groovy
Qualifications
1 186 (25.03%) Security Cleared
2 151 (20.32%) SC Cleared
3 61 (8.21%) Degree
4 32 (4.31%) DV Cleared
5 28 (3.77%) Computer Science Degree
6 9 (1.21%) Master's Degree
7 7 (0.94%) BPSS Clearance
8 3 (0.40%) CCNA
8 3 (0.40%) CCNP
8 3 (0.40%) Cisco Certification
8 3 (0.40%) CTC Cleared
8 3 (0.40%) ISTQB
9 2 (0.27%) HND
9 2 (0.27%) ISEB
9 2 (0.27%) PhD
10 1 (0.13%) CHECK Team Member
10 1 (0.13%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
10 1 (0.13%) Postgraduate
10 1 (0.13%) SAP Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 57 (7.67%) QA
2 8 (1.08%) Solvency II
3 7 (0.94%) WCAG
4 3 (0.40%) Disclosure Scotland
5 2 (0.27%) GDPR
5 2 (0.27%) PMO
5 2 (0.27%) Sarbanes-Oxley
6 1 (0.13%) DICOM
6 1 (0.13%) HL7
6 1 (0.13%) MiFID
System Software
1 69 (9.29%) Docker
2 10 (1.35%) Active Directory
3 6 (0.81%) Samba
4 5 (0.67%) Virtual Machines
5 4 (0.54%) Microsoft App-V
5 4 (0.54%) Virtual Desktop
6 1 (0.13%) NFS
Systems Management
1 49 (6.59%) Kubernetes
2 17 (2.29%) Amdocs OSS
2 17 (2.29%) Netcool
2 17 (2.29%) Netcool/OMNIbus
3 16 (2.15%) Ansible
4 13 (1.75%) Terraform
5 7 (0.94%) Puppet
6 5 (0.67%) Opscode Chef
7 4 (0.54%) SCCM
7 4 (0.54%) WSUS
8 3 (0.40%) Consul
8 3 (0.40%) HP ALM
8 3 (0.40%) HP Quality Center
8 3 (0.40%) MIIS
8 3 (0.40%) Packer
8 3 (0.40%) Rundeck
9 2 (0.27%) HAProxy
9 2 (0.27%) OpenNebula
9 2 (0.27%) ZABBIX
10 1 (0.13%) Cisco CUCM
Vendors
1 159 (21.40%) Oracle
2 135 (18.17%) Microsoft
3 37 (4.98%) IBM
4 27 (3.63%) Google
5 21 (2.83%) SAP
6 20 (2.69%) Cisco
6 20 (2.69%) Siebel
7 17 (2.29%) BMC
7 17 (2.29%) Cramer
7 17 (2.29%) Remedy
7 17 (2.29%) ServiceNow
7 17 (2.29%) xMatters
8 16 (2.15%) Adobe
8 16 (2.15%) DevExpress
9 15 (2.02%) Nokia
9 15 (2.02%) RedGate
10 11 (1.48%) Huawei
10 11 (1.48%) hybris
11 10 (1.35%) Xamarin
12 9 (1.21%) Red Hat