Period
to 22 November 2017

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Unit Testing skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Unit Testing over the 6 months to 22 November 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Unit Testing
UK
6 months to
22 Nov 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 131 140 122
Rank change year-on-year +9 -18 +26
Contract jobs citing Unit Testing 2031 1992 2089
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 1.97% 1.89% 1.85%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 2.33% 2.25% 2.27%
Number of daily rates quoted 1470 1351 1454
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.88% - +6.25%
10th Percentile £320 £305 £300
90th Percentile £613 £575 £575
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £388 £375
% change year-on-year +3.09% +3.47% +2.74%
Number of hourly rates quoted 25 12 24
UK median hourly rate £42.50 £41.00 £38.75
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +3.66% +5.81% +2.65%
10th Percentile £25.62 £30.55 £32.84
90th Percentile £50.25 £48.45 £48.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £45.00 £42.00 £37.50
% change year-on-year +7.14% +12.00% -

Unit Testing is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 87155 88463 92228
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 84.47% 83.90% 81.79%
Number of daily rates quoted 58071 58482 59737
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £413
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.88% +2.91% +3.25%
10th Percentile £281 £263 £263
90th Percentile £631 £600 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £400 £385
% change year-on-year - +3.90% +2.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2066 2352 2726
UK median hourly rate £23.63 £24.00 £22.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -1.56% +6.67% +18.42%
10th Percentile £11.50 £11.25 £11.33
90th Percentile £49.88 £48.75 £47.61
UK excluding London median hourly rate £24.00 £24.50 £23.75
% change year-on-year -2.04% +3.16% +18.75%

Unit Testing
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Unit Testing as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Unit Testing in the UK

Unit Testing
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Unit Testing.

Contractor daily rate trend for Unit Testing in the UK

Unit Testing
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Unit Testing over the 6 months to 22 November 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Unit Testing in the UK

Unit Testing
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Unit Testing.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Unit Testing in the UK

Unit Testing
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Unit Testing over the 6 months to 22 November 2017.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Unit Testing in the UK

Unit Testing
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Unit Testing within the UK over the 6 months to 22 November 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +8 1880 £450 +5.88% 387
UK excluding London +1 1027 £400 +3.09% 247
London -8 969 £500 +5.26% 151
South East +44 342 £450 +12.50% 58
North of England -6 236 £375 -6.25% 82
Midlands +59 163 £360 -4.64% 48
North West +5 138 £375 -6.25% 48
South West +19 119 £350 -3.78% 27
East Midlands +34 92 £350 -12.50% 26
Yorkshire -36 74 £388 -3.13% 26
West Midlands +40 70 £375 - 21
Scotland -36 59 £368 -2.00% 8
Wales +33 47 £375 -11.76% 3
East of England -47 45 £400 +20.75% 21
North East +24 26 £375 -14.04% 8
Northern Ireland -32 20 £450 +18.42%
Channel Islands +7 5 - -

For the 6 months to 22 November 2017, IT contractor jobs citing Unit Testing also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads with a requirement for Unit Testing.

1 1114 (54.85%) Agile Software Development
2 790 (38.90%) JavaScript
3 772 (38.01%) TDD
4 739 (36.39%) Java
5 626 (30.82%) C#
6 602 (29.64%) .NET
7 600 (29.54%) SQL
8 583 (28.71%) HTML
9 509 (25.06%) CSS
10 500 (24.62%) Git (software)
11 497 (24.47%) Scrum
12 490 (24.13%) Test Automation
13 481 (23.68%) Continuous Integration
14 462 (22.75%) MVC
15 419 (20.63%) Web Services
16 396 (19.50%) AngularJS
17 387 (19.05%) SQL Server
18 375 (18.46%) Finance
19 367 (18.07%) BDD
20 336 (16.54%) RESTful
21 323 (15.90%) REST
22 316 (15.56%) ASP.NET
23 313 (15.41%) OO
24 304 (14.97%) Jenkins
25 303 (14.92%) HTML5
26 287 (14.13%) Software Engineering
26 287 (14.13%) Linux
27 277 (13.64%) Spring
28 267 (13.15%) Node.js
29 264 (13.00%) Banking

Unit Testing
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 98 (4.83%) Apache
2 85 (4.19%) CMS
3 79 (3.89%) Confluence
4 74 (3.64%) Apache Spark
5 73 (3.59%) Elasticsearch
6 69 (3.40%) JBoss
7 62 (3.05%) Tomcat
8 59 (2.90%) SharePoint
9 41 (2.02%) Oracle SOA Suite
10 30 (1.48%) Adobe Experience Manager
11 29 (1.43%) WebLogic
12 28 (1.38%) Apache Solr
13 24 (1.18%) GlassFish
14 23 (1.13%) Umbraco
15 22 (1.08%) Drupal
16 19 (0.94%) IIS
17 17 (0.84%) Cloud Foundry
17 17 (0.84%) WebSphere
18 16 (0.79%) Liferay
18 16 (0.79%) Oracle Application Server
Applications
1 27 (1.33%) Microsoft Excel
2 10 (0.49%) MS Visio
3 9 (0.44%) Microsoft Office
4 8 (0.39%) Microsoft Project
5 7 (0.34%) Adobe Illustrator
6 6 (0.30%) Adobe Creative Suite
6 6 (0.30%) Pipeline Pilot
7 5 (0.25%) Photoshop
8 4 (0.20%) Spreadsheet
9 3 (0.15%) InVision
9 3 (0.15%) Microsoft PowerPoint
10 2 (0.098%) OmniGraffle
11 1 (0.049%) LaTeX
Business Applications
1 29 (1.43%) Dynamics CRM
2 14 (0.69%) Magento
3 13 (0.64%) Oracle BPM
4 9 (0.44%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
5 7 (0.34%) BusinessWorks
5 7 (0.34%) Temenos T24
6 6 (0.30%) Hyperion Planning
7 5 (0.25%) Kondor
7 5 (0.25%) SAP FI
8 4 (0.20%) Adobe Campaign
8 4 (0.20%) Dynamics AX
8 4 (0.20%) SAP CO
8 4 (0.20%) SAP FI/CO
9 3 (0.15%) HFM
9 3 (0.15%) Markit EDM
9 3 (0.15%) Oracle Applications
9 3 (0.15%) Oracle ERP
9 3 (0.15%) SunGard Martini
10 2 (0.098%) Endur
10 2 (0.098%) SAP MM
Cloud Services
1 224 (11.03%) Amazon AWS
2 141 (6.94%) Microsoft Azure
3 76 (3.74%) npm
4 55 (2.71%) GitHub
5 35 (1.72%) Cloud Computing
6 29 (1.43%) PaaS
7 25 (1.23%) SaaS
8 18 (0.89%) Serverless
9 13 (0.64%) Office 365
10 12 (0.59%) Amazon EC2
10 12 (0.59%) Amazon S3
10 12 (0.59%) Firebase
11 10 (0.49%) IaaS
11 10 (0.49%) OpenShift
12 9 (0.44%) Yarn
13 8 (0.39%) G Suite
14 6 (0.30%) Amazon SQS
14 6 (0.30%) Google Cloud Platform
15 5 (0.25%) AWS Lambda
15 5 (0.25%) Google Analytics
Communications & Networking
1 79 (3.89%) HTTP
2 51 (2.51%) TCP/IP
3 27 (1.33%) Internet
4 23 (1.13%) Firewall
5 17 (0.84%) DNS
6 14 (0.69%) LDAP
7 13 (0.64%) SSL
8 12 (0.59%) FTP
8 12 (0.59%) SAN
9 10 (0.49%) FCoE
9 10 (0.49%) iSCSI
9 10 (0.49%) WAN
10 8 (0.39%) Kerberos
11 6 (0.30%) NAS
12 5 (0.25%) SMS
13 4 (0.20%) AMQP
13 4 (0.20%) ICMP
14 3 (0.15%) 3G
14 3 (0.15%) Skype
14 3 (0.15%) VLAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 387 (19.05%) SQL Server
2 163 (8.03%) Relational Database
3 148 (7.29%) NoSQL
4 110 (5.42%) MongoDB
5 98 (4.83%) Big Data
6 92 (4.53%) RDBMS
7 89 (4.38%) Hadoop
8 83 (4.09%) SQL Server Integration Services
9 76 (3.74%) MySQL
10 75 (3.69%) SQL Server Reporting Services
11 63 (3.10%) PostgreSQL
12 60 (2.95%) Data Warehouse
13 54 (2.66%) Oracle Database
14 41 (2.02%) Apache Cassandra
15 35 (1.72%) SQL Server 2008
16 32 (1.58%) SQL Server 2012
17 29 (1.43%) SQL Server 2016
17 29 (1.43%) SQL Server Analysis Services
18 28 (1.38%) SQL Server 2014
19 27 (1.33%) HBase
Development Applications
1 500 (24.62%) Git (software)
2 304 (14.97%) Jenkins
3 262 (12.90%) JUnit
4 183 (9.01%) JIRA
5 171 (8.42%) Maven
6 134 (6.60%) Mockito
7 133 (6.55%) NUnit
8 114 (5.61%) Selenium
9 112 (5.51%) Gradle
9 112 (5.51%) TeamCity
10 104 (5.12%) gulp
11 94 (4.63%) Subversion
11 94 (4.63%) Visual Studio
12 87 (4.28%) Team Foundation Server
13 78 (3.84%) Eclipse
14 76 (3.74%) Cucumber
15 66 (3.25%) Mocha
15 66 (3.25%) webpack
16 63 (3.10%) Jasmine
17 62 (3.05%) Octopus Deploy
General
1 375 (18.46%) Finance
2 264 (13.00%) Banking
3 93 (4.58%) Front Office
4 64 (3.15%) Investment Banking
5 47 (2.31%) Publishing
6 45 (2.22%) Retail
7 27 (1.33%) Marketing
8 26 (1.28%) Back Office
9 21 (1.03%) Games
10 19 (0.94%) Law
11 16 (0.79%) Retail Banking
12 15 (0.74%) Financial Institution
12 15 (0.74%) Legal
13 14 (0.69%) Telecoms
14 10 (0.49%) Advertising
15 8 (0.39%) Manufacturing
16 7 (0.34%) International Banking
17 3 (0.15%) Automotive
17 3 (0.15%) Billing
18 2 (0.098%) Digital Economy
Job Titles
1 1632 (80.35%) Developer
2 358 (17.63%) Java Developer
3 301 (14.82%) .NET Developer
4 261 (12.85%) Senior Developer
5 236 (11.62%) C# Developer
6 148 (7.29%) JavaScript Developer
7 117 (5.76%) C# .NET Developer
8 109 (5.37%) SQL Developer
9 93 (4.58%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
10 88 (4.33%) Full Stack Developer
11 85 (4.19%) Software Engineer
12 83 (4.09%) iOS Developer
13 79 (3.89%) Android Developer
14 77 (3.79%) ASP.NET MVC Developer
15 70 (3.45%) Agile Developer
16 67 (3.30%) HTML Developer
17 66 (3.25%) ASP.NET Developer
18 64 (3.15%) Python Developer
19 62 (3.05%) Angular Developer
20 59 (2.90%) Senior Java Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 602 (29.64%) .NET
2 583 (28.71%) HTML
3 509 (25.06%) CSS
4 419 (20.63%) Web Services
5 396 (19.50%) AngularJS
6 336 (16.54%) RESTful
7 323 (15.90%) REST
8 316 (15.56%) ASP.NET
9 303 (14.92%) HTML5
10 277 (13.64%) Spring
11 267 (13.15%) Node.js
12 260 (12.80%) jQuery
13 235 (11.57%) JSON
14 219 (10.78%) CSS3
15 215 (10.59%) React
16 196 (9.65%) ASP.NET MVC
17 193 (9.50%) ASP.NET Web API
18 179 (8.81%) XML
19 175 (8.62%) .NET Framework
20 148 (7.29%) SOAP
Miscellaneous
1 157 (7.73%) User Experience
2 97 (4.78%) Computer Science
3 88 (4.33%) Greenfield Project
4 86 (4.23%) Analytical Skills
5 84 (4.14%) Mobile App
6 76 (3.74%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
7 60 (2.95%) Derivative
7 60 (2.95%) Enterprise Software
8 49 (2.41%) Fintech
9 45 (2.22%) Fixed Income
10 37 (1.82%) Virtual Team
11 31 (1.53%) N-Tier
12 28 (1.38%) Algorithms
12 28 (1.38%) Data Structures
13 27 (1.33%) Linux Command Line
14 25 (1.23%) Management Information System
15 24 (1.18%) iPad
16 23 (1.13%) Equities
17 22 (1.08%) Client/Server
17 22 (1.08%) iPhone
Operating Systems
1 287 (14.13%) Linux
2 155 (7.63%) Unix
3 118 (5.81%) Apple iOS
4 113 (5.56%) Android
5 109 (5.37%) Windows
6 24 (1.18%) Solaris
7 19 (0.94%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 18 (0.89%) AIX
8 18 (0.89%) SUSE
9 17 (0.84%) HPUX
9 17 (0.84%) Windows Server
10 11 (0.54%) Mac OS
11 9 (0.44%) Ubuntu
12 7 (0.34%) CentOS
13 5 (0.25%) Windows Server 2012
14 4 (0.20%) Mac OS X
15 3 (0.15%) Embedded Linux
15 3 (0.15%) Windows Server 2008
16 1 (0.049%) Windows 10
16 1 (0.049%) Windows Embedded Compact
Processes & Methodologies
1 1114 (54.85%) Agile Software Development
2 772 (38.01%) TDD
3 497 (24.47%) Scrum
4 490 (24.13%) Test Automation
5 481 (23.68%) Continuous Integration
6 462 (22.75%) MVC
7 367 (18.07%) BDD
8 313 (15.41%) OO
9 287 (14.13%) Software Engineering
10 176 (8.67%) Web Development
11 172 (8.47%) Front End Development
12 160 (7.88%) DevOps
13 154 (7.58%) SDLC
14 147 (7.24%) OOP
15 130 (6.40%) Kanban
16 128 (6.30%) Microservices
17 119 (5.86%) Pair Programming
18 115 (5.66%) E-Commerce
19 113 (5.56%) SOLID
20 112 (5.51%) Mentoring
Programming Languages
1 790 (38.90%) JavaScript
2 739 (36.39%) Java
3 626 (30.82%) C#
4 600 (29.54%) SQL
5 173 (8.52%) Python
6 141 (6.94%) C++
7 140 (6.89%) T-SQL
8 99 (4.87%) Scala
9 93 (4.58%) PL/SQL
10 87 (4.28%) TypeScript
11 86 (4.23%) ES6
12 78 (3.84%) Apple Swift
13 75 (3.69%) Objective-C
14 66 (3.25%) PHP
15 61 (3.00%) Shell Script
16 52 (2.56%) Bash Shell
16 52 (2.56%) Perl
17 48 (2.36%) Ruby
18 45 (2.22%) C
19 40 (1.97%) VBA
Qualifications
1 152 (7.48%) Degree
2 86 (4.23%) Security Cleared
3 59 (2.90%) SC Cleared
4 53 (2.61%) Computer Science Degree
5 23 (1.13%) Master's Degree
6 17 (0.84%) BPSS Clearance
7 13 (0.64%) Microsoft Certification
8 12 (0.59%) PhD
9 8 (0.39%) ISEB
10 7 (0.34%) ISTQB
11 5 (0.25%) DV Cleared
11 5 (0.25%) Sun Certification
12 4 (0.20%) MCITP
12 4 (0.20%) MCSD
12 4 (0.20%) MCTS
13 3 (0.15%) AWS Certification
13 3 (0.15%) Siebel Certification
14 2 (0.098%) DBS Check
14 2 (0.098%) Numerate Degree
14 2 (0.098%) PMI Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 164 (8.07%) QA
2 21 (1.03%) MiFID
3 15 (0.74%) Data Quality
4 11 (0.54%) WAI
5 10 (0.49%) Disclosure Scotland
6 9 (0.44%) WCAG
7 3 (0.15%) EMIR
7 3 (0.15%) GAAP
7 3 (0.15%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 2 (0.098%) IEC 62304
8 2 (0.098%) Sarbanes-Oxley
9 1 (0.049%) COBIT
9 1 (0.049%) DICOM
9 1 (0.049%) ISO 14001
9 1 (0.049%) ISO 9001
System Software
1 131 (6.45%) Docker
2 37 (1.82%) Apache ZooKeeper
3 27 (1.33%) Active Directory
4 26 (1.28%) HDFS
5 15 (0.74%) VMware Infrastructure
6 13 (0.64%) Samba
7 8 (0.39%) Hyper-V
7 8 (0.39%) KVM
7 8 (0.39%) Veritas Volume Manager
8 7 (0.34%) Virtual Machines
9 6 (0.30%) Oracle RAC
10 3 (0.15%) Platform Symphony
10 3 (0.15%) Varnish
10 3 (0.15%) vSphere
11 2 (0.098%) LXC
Systems Management
1 79 (3.89%) Ansible
2 74 (3.64%) Puppet
3 71 (3.50%) Opscode Chef
4 38 (1.87%) Terraform
5 20 (0.98%) Kubernetes
6 19 (0.94%) Hadoop YARN
7 12 (0.59%) Oozie
8 6 (0.30%) OpenView
9 5 (0.25%) Kibana
9 5 (0.25%) logstash
9 5 (0.25%) Oracle Identity Management
9 5 (0.25%) Oracle Identity Manager
9 5 (0.25%) Prometheus
10 4 (0.20%) Mesos
11 3 (0.15%) Ambari
11 3 (0.15%) HP Quality Center
11 3 (0.15%) Packer
12 2 (0.098%) BladeLogic
12 2 (0.098%) Forefront Identity Manager
12 2 (0.098%) Nagios
Vendors
1 250 (12.31%) Oracle
2 245 (12.06%) Microsoft
3 50 (2.46%) Perforce
4 44 (2.17%) IBM
5 42 (2.07%) Apple
6 36 (1.77%) Red Hat
7 33 (1.62%) Adobe
8 32 (1.58%) Google
9 31 (1.53%) HP
10 29 (1.43%) SAP
11 26 (1.28%) VMware
12 19 (0.94%) Coverity
12 19 (0.94%) Sybase
13 18 (0.89%) TIBCO
14 16 (0.79%) Atlassian
14 16 (0.79%) DevExpress
14 16 (0.79%) Sitecore
14 16 (0.79%) Sun
15 13 (0.64%) Cisco
15 13 (0.64%) F5