Period
to 27 May 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Unit Testing skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Unit Testing over the 6 months to 27 May 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Unit Testing
UK
6 months to
27 May 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 116 138 131
Rank change year-on-year +22 -7 +10
Contract jobs citing Unit Testing 2,183 1,739 1,993
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 2.17% 1.91% 1.88%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 2.53% 2.26% 2.24%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,521 1,177 1,425
UK median daily rate £463 £425 £413
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +8.82% +3.03% +3.77%
10th Percentile £325 £302 £304
90th Percentile £600 £588 £575
UK excluding London median daily rate £413 £375 £375
% change year-on-year +10.00% - +10.29%
Number of hourly rates quoted 15 40 25
UK median hourly rate £47.50 £42.25 £43.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +12.43% -1.74% +12.42%
10th Percentile £35.40 £31.25 £33.00
90th Percentile £119.40 £59.95 £60.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £42.50 £41.63 £43.00
% change year-on-year +2.10% -3.20% +14.67%

Unit Testing is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 86,403 77,085 88,864
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 85.76% 84.65% 84.02%
Number of daily rates quoted 56,997 50,578 58,416
UK median daily rate £450 £438 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.86% +2.94% +6.25%
10th Percentile £300 £275 £263
90th Percentile £638 £625 £606
UK excluding London median daily rate £423 £400 £400
% change year-on-year +5.63% - +6.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2,287 2,072 2,318
UK median hourly rate £22.00 £25.31 £25.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -13.08% +1.24% +19.05%
10th Percentile £11.17 £11.53 £11.75
90th Percentile £50.00 £52.50 £50.68
UK excluding London median hourly rate £20.17 £26.00 £27.00
% change year-on-year -22.42% -3.70% +25.12%

Unit Testing
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Unit Testing as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Unit Testing in the UK

Unit Testing
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Unit Testing.

Contractor daily rate trend for Unit Testing in the UK

Unit Testing
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Unit Testing over the 6 months to 27 May 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Unit Testing in the UK

Unit Testing
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Unit Testing.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Unit Testing in the UK

Unit Testing
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Unit Testing over the 6 months to 27 May 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Unit Testing in the UK

Unit Testing
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Unit Testing within the UK over the 6 months to 27 May 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +22 2,011 £475 +11.76% 775
London +28 1,091 £500 - 272
UK excluding London -4 1,077 £413 +10.00% 546
South East +29 418 £448 +5.38% 127
North of England -51 189 £375 - 143
South West +28 140 £375 +11.11% 84
Midlands -6 128 £388 +10.71% 87
North West -23 98 £370 +2.71% 84
Scotland -13 89 £400 +10.34% 26
Yorkshire -29 84 £395 -1.25% 41
East Midlands +8 74 £400 +18.52% 43
Wales -1 54 £420 +15.86% 12
West Midlands -21 54 £375 +1.35% 44
East of England +3 45 £425 +13.33% 62
Northern Ireland -14 17 £500 +19.05% 5
North East -29 9 £425 +21.43% 18

For the 6 months to 27 May 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Unit Testing also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Unit Testing.

1 1,169 (53.55%) Agile Software Development
2 951 (43.56%) JavaScript
3 888 (40.68%) TDD
4 712 (32.62%) C#
5 697 (31.93%) .NET
6 677 (31.01%) Java
7 630 (28.86%) HTML
8 590 (27.03%) Test Automation
9 587 (26.89%) CSS
10 580 (26.57%) SQL
11 569 (26.07%) Git (software)
12 500 (22.90%) Continuous Integration
13 497 (22.77%) AngularJS
14 489 (22.40%) BDD
15 482 (22.08%) MVC
16 474 (21.71%) SQL Server
17 466 (21.35%) Web Services
18 455 (20.84%) Finance
19 451 (20.66%) Scrum
20 447 (20.48%) Jenkins
21 390 (17.87%) React
22 389 (17.82%) REST
23 369 (16.90%) HTML5
24 364 (16.67%) RESTful
25 336 (15.39%) Node.js
26 332 (15.21%) jQuery
27 314 (14.38%) CSS3
28 296 (13.56%) OO
29 292 (13.38%) ASP.NET
30 285 (13.06%) Spring

Unit Testing
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 126 (5.77%) Confluence
2 104 (4.76%) Elasticsearch
3 92 (4.21%) Apache
4 59 (2.70%) Tomcat
5 58 (2.66%) CMS
6 47 (2.15%) Adobe Experience Manager
7 43 (1.97%) Apache Spark
8 40 (1.83%) NServiceBus
9 33 (1.51%) IIS
10 32 (1.47%) Liferay
11 30 (1.37%) JBoss
12 27 (1.24%) GlassFish
12 27 (1.24%) SharePoint
13 22 (1.01%) WebSphere
14 21 (0.96%) Oracle SOA Suite
15 18 (0.82%) WebLogic
16 16 (0.73%) Mule
17 15 (0.69%) Apache Solr
18 13 (0.60%) GemFire
19 12 (0.55%) Sitecore CMS
Applications
1 26 (1.19%) Microsoft Excel
2 17 (0.78%) Microsoft Office
3 14 (0.64%) Photoshop
4 12 (0.55%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 12 (0.55%) MS Visio
5 7 (0.32%) Adobe Illustrator
5 7 (0.32%) Microsoft Project
6 6 (0.27%) GIMP
7 4 (0.18%) Adobe Creative Suite
8 3 (0.14%) Acrobat
8 3 (0.14%) SOLIDWORKS
9 2 (0.092%) Spreadsheet
10 1 (0.046%) Chatbot
Business Applications
1 45 (2.06%) Dynamics CRM
2 12 (0.55%) Elite 3E
3 11 (0.50%) Oracle BPM
4 9 (0.41%) Magento
5 7 (0.32%) Payment Gateway
6 6 (0.27%) Oracle ERP
6 6 (0.27%) Oracle Payables
6 6 (0.27%) Oracle Receivables
7 5 (0.23%) Dynamics AX
7 5 (0.23%) Global One
7 5 (0.23%) SAP CO
7 5 (0.23%) SAP FI
7 5 (0.23%) SAP FI/CO
7 5 (0.23%) Unit4 Business World
8 4 (0.18%) Markit EDM
8 4 (0.18%) Salesforce.com CRM
9 3 (0.14%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
9 3 (0.14%) Oracle Assets
9 3 (0.14%) Oracle Cash Management
9 3 (0.14%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
Cloud Services
1 248 (11.36%) Amazon AWS
2 242 (11.09%) Microsoft Azure
3 99 (4.54%) npm
4 79 (3.62%) Serverless
5 74 (3.39%) Cloud Computing
6 63 (2.89%) GitHub
7 29 (1.33%) AWS Lambda
8 28 (1.28%) Dynamics 365
9 26 (1.19%) Yarn
10 20 (0.92%) PaaS
11 19 (0.87%) SaaS
12 18 (0.82%) Salesforce Sales Cloud
13 16 (0.73%) Amazon S3
14 15 (0.69%) Google Cloud Platform
15 14 (0.64%) AWS CloudFormation
16 13 (0.60%) OpenShift
17 12 (0.55%) Amazon EC2
17 12 (0.55%) Amazon Kinesis
18 11 (0.50%) CloudFront
18 11 (0.50%) NuGet
Communications & Networking
1 145 (6.64%) HTTP
2 47 (2.15%) TCP/IP
3 33 (1.51%) Internet
4 23 (1.05%) FTP
5 11 (0.50%) DMARC
6 10 (0.46%) SMS
7 9 (0.41%) Wi-Fi
8 8 (0.37%) DKIM
9 7 (0.32%) BGP
9 7 (0.32%) OSPF
9 7 (0.32%) SSL
10 6 (0.27%) VLAN
11 5 (0.23%) HTTPS
12 4 (0.18%) DLNA
12 4 (0.18%) UPnP
13 3 (0.14%) Firewall
13 3 (0.14%) FIX Connectivity
13 3 (0.14%) SSH
14 2 (0.092%) AMQP
15 1 (0.046%) SIGTRAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 474 (21.71%) SQL Server
2 158 (7.24%) Relational Database
3 135 (6.18%) NoSQL
4 94 (4.31%) PostgreSQL
5 90 (4.12%) MySQL
6 88 (4.03%) MongoDB
7 84 (3.85%) Big Data
8 78 (3.57%) Oracle Database
9 74 (3.39%) RDBMS
10 59 (2.70%) Hadoop
11 48 (2.20%) SQL Server Integration Services
12 47 (2.15%) SQL Server 2012
13 43 (1.97%) SQL Server Reporting Services
14 40 (1.83%) Apache Cassandra
15 38 (1.74%) Data Warehouse
15 38 (1.74%) SQL Server 2008
16 34 (1.56%) Redis
17 33 (1.51%) Oracle Database 12c
18 28 (1.28%) HBase
19 24 (1.10%) SQL Server 2014
Development Applications
1 569 (26.07%) Git (software)
2 447 (20.48%) Jenkins
3 227 (10.40%) JIRA
4 201 (9.21%) JUnit
5 164 (7.51%) NUnit
6 155 (7.10%) Selenium
7 154 (7.05%) Mockito
8 149 (6.83%) Maven
9 148 (6.78%) Visual Studio
10 145 (6.64%) TeamCity
11 134 (6.14%) Mocha
12 129 (5.91%) webpack
13 118 (5.41%) Jasmine
14 115 (5.27%) gulp
15 104 (4.76%) Gradle
16 97 (4.44%) Grunt
17 88 (4.03%) Subversion
18 86 (3.94%) Team Foundation Server
19 80 (3.66%) Eclipse
20 77 (3.53%) SonarQube
General
1 455 (20.84%) Finance
2 226 (10.35%) Banking
3 75 (3.44%) Retail
4 59 (2.70%) Front Office
5 39 (1.79%) Marketing
6 35 (1.60%) Financial Institution
7 34 (1.56%) Investment Banking
7 34 (1.56%) Publishing
8 20 (0.92%) Law
9 19 (0.87%) Telecoms
10 17 (0.78%) Manufacturing
11 14 (0.64%) Games
11 14 (0.64%) Legal
12 11 (0.50%) Automotive
13 9 (0.41%) Electronics
13 9 (0.41%) Retail Banking
14 8 (0.37%) Advertising
14 8 (0.37%) Back Office
14 8 (0.37%) Billing
14 8 (0.37%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 1,752 (80.26%) Developer
2 336 (15.39%) .NET Developer
3 330 (15.12%) Java Developer
4 307 (14.06%) C# Developer
5 204 (9.34%) Senior Developer
6 172 (7.88%) JavaScript Developer
7 165 (7.56%) React Developer
8 163 (7.47%) Full Stack Developer
9 149 (6.83%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
10 134 (6.14%) C# .NET Developer
11 98 (4.49%) Node.js Developer
12 94 (4.31%) Software Engineer
13 80 (3.66%) SQL Developer
14 77 (3.53%) UI Developer
15 76 (3.48%) Software Developer
16 74 (3.39%) Angular Developer
17 57 (2.61%) WPF Developer
18 55 (2.52%) Agile Developer
19 53 (2.43%) Python Developer
20 52 (2.38%) Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 697 (31.93%) .NET
2 630 (28.86%) HTML
3 587 (26.89%) CSS
4 497 (22.77%) AngularJS
5 466 (21.35%) Web Services
6 390 (17.87%) React
7 389 (17.82%) REST
8 369 (16.90%) HTML5
9 364 (16.67%) RESTful
10 336 (15.39%) Node.js
11 332 (15.21%) jQuery
12 314 (14.38%) CSS3
13 292 (13.38%) ASP.NET
14 285 (13.06%) Spring
15 254 (11.64%) .NET Framework
16 249 (11.41%) ASP.NET Web API
17 216 (9.89%) JSON
18 215 (9.85%) XML
19 188 (8.61%) SOAP
20 185 (8.47%) Sass
Miscellaneous
1 170 (7.79%) User Experience
2 119 (5.45%) Greenfield Project
3 83 (3.80%) Analytical Skills
4 75 (3.44%) Computer Science
4 75 (3.44%) Enterprise Software
5 72 (3.30%) Mobile App
6 59 (2.70%) Fintech
7 50 (2.29%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
8 32 (1.47%) Hedge funds
9 31 (1.42%) Management Information System
9 31 (1.42%) Self-Motivation
9 31 (1.42%) Virtual Team
10 30 (1.37%) Equities
11 28 (1.28%) Fixed Income
12 27 (1.24%) Algorithms
13 26 (1.19%) Derivative
13 26 (1.19%) iPad
14 25 (1.15%) Data Structures
15 24 (1.10%) Mainframe
16 23 (1.05%) Clustering
Operating Systems
1 228 (10.44%) Linux
2 135 (6.18%) Unix
3 131 (6.00%) Windows
4 83 (3.80%) Apple iOS
5 67 (3.07%) Android
6 17 (0.78%) Windows Server
7 14 (0.64%) Windows Server 2012
8 10 (0.46%) CentOS
9 7 (0.32%) Mac OS X
10 6 (0.27%) Embedded Linux
11 3 (0.14%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
11 3 (0.14%) Ubuntu
11 3 (0.14%) Windows Embedded Compact
12 2 (0.092%) Solaris
12 2 (0.092%) VMS
13 1 (0.046%) AIX
13 1 (0.046%) Mac OS
13 1 (0.046%) OpenVMS
13 1 (0.046%) Windows Server 2003
13 1 (0.046%) zOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,169 (53.55%) Agile Software Development
2 888 (40.68%) TDD
3 590 (27.03%) Test Automation
4 500 (22.90%) Continuous Integration
5 489 (22.40%) BDD
6 482 (22.08%) MVC
7 451 (20.66%) Scrum
8 296 (13.56%) OO
9 275 (12.60%) Software Engineering
10 264 (12.09%) Microservices
11 240 (10.99%) Front End Development
12 206 (9.44%) SDLC
13 200 (9.16%) DevOps
14 190 (8.70%) Web Development
15 187 (8.57%) Continuous Delivery
16 164 (7.51%) E-Commerce
17 154 (7.05%) Multithreading
18 151 (6.92%) Problem-Solving
19 143 (6.55%) SOA
20 142 (6.50%) Kanban
Programming Languages
1 951 (43.56%) JavaScript
2 712 (32.62%) C#
3 677 (31.01%) Java
4 580 (26.57%) SQL
5 201 (9.21%) Python
6 175 (8.02%) TypeScript
7 139 (6.37%) ES6
8 122 (5.59%) T-SQL
9 114 (5.22%) C++
10 94 (4.31%) Java 8
11 84 (3.85%) Scala
12 66 (3.02%) PL/SQL
13 64 (2.93%) PHP
14 57 (2.61%) Apple Swift
15 56 (2.57%) Groovy
16 54 (2.47%) Shell Script
17 52 (2.38%) Ruby
18 44 (2.02%) XPath
19 41 (1.88%) Objective-C
20 38 (1.74%) C
Qualifications
1 114 (5.22%) Degree
2 84 (3.85%) Security Cleared
3 58 (2.66%) SC Cleared
4 33 (1.51%) Computer Science Degree
5 19 (0.87%) BPSS Clearance
6 13 (0.60%) ISTQB
7 12 (0.55%) Siebel Certification
8 11 (0.50%) Master's Degree
9 9 (0.41%) ISEB
10 8 (0.37%) Numerate Degree
11 7 (0.32%) Microsoft Certification
12 6 (0.27%) PhD
13 4 (0.18%) DV Cleared
13 4 (0.18%) HND
13 4 (0.18%) MBA
14 3 (0.14%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
15 2 (0.092%) CTC Cleared
15 2 (0.092%) MCTS
15 2 (0.092%) OCA
15 2 (0.092%) Oracle Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 167 (7.65%) QA
2 13 (0.60%) HL7
3 10 (0.46%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 7 (0.32%) Data Quality
4 7 (0.32%) GCP
5 5 (0.23%) Disclosure Scotland
5 5 (0.23%) HMG Security Policy Framework
5 5 (0.23%) PCI DSS
6 3 (0.14%) 21 CFR Part 11
6 3 (0.14%) GLP
6 3 (0.14%) GMP
6 3 (0.14%) GxP
6 3 (0.14%) PMO
6 3 (0.14%) SEPA
6 3 (0.14%) Solvency II
7 2 (0.092%) GDPR
7 2 (0.092%) WAI
8 1 (0.046%) ISO 13485
8 1 (0.046%) MISRA
8 1 (0.046%) MISRA C
System Software
1 182 (8.34%) Docker
2 32 (1.47%) Apache ZooKeeper
3 14 (0.64%) HDFS
4 10 (0.46%) Active Directory
5 8 (0.37%) VMware Infrastructure
6 5 (0.23%) Platform Symphony
7 2 (0.092%) Firmware
8 1 (0.046%) GeoWebCache
Systems Management
1 99 (4.54%) Puppet
2 98 (4.49%) Ansible
3 70 (3.21%) Opscode Chef
4 36 (1.65%) Kubernetes
5 31 (1.42%) Hadoop YARN
5 31 (1.42%) HP ALM
6 14 (0.64%) BladeLogic
6 14 (0.64%) Salt
7 13 (0.60%) Prometheus
8 9 (0.41%) Single Sign-On
9 7 (0.32%) HP Quality Center
9 7 (0.32%) Nagios
10 4 (0.18%) Docker Swarm
11 3 (0.14%) Kibana
12 2 (0.092%) Capistrano
12 2 (0.092%) Mesos
12 2 (0.092%) Oracle Identity Manager
12 2 (0.092%) Rancher
12 2 (0.092%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
12 2 (0.092%) Terraform
Vendors
1 279 (12.78%) Microsoft
2 217 (9.94%) Oracle
3 55 (2.52%) Adobe
4 44 (2.02%) Perforce
5 40 (1.83%) Google
6 38 (1.74%) IBM
7 36 (1.65%) Atlassian
8 35 (1.60%) SAP
9 32 (1.47%) HP
10 28 (1.28%) Salesforce.com
11 27 (1.24%) Coverity
12 21 (0.96%) TIBCO
13 20 (0.92%) Sitecore
14 19 (0.87%) Sybase
15 14 (0.64%) Apple
15 14 (0.64%) Tableau
16 13 (0.60%) Siebel
16 13 (0.60%) Software AG
16 13 (0.60%) webMethods
16 13 (0.60%) Zend