Period
to 19 August 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for CSS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited CSS over the 6 months to 19 August 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

CSS (Cascading Style Sheets)
Central London > City of London
6 months to
19 Aug 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 17 17 18
Rank change year-on-year 0 +1 +1
Permanent jobs citing CSS 1,153 1,105 1,326
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the City of London 10.55% 10.82% 10.30%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 25.01% 27.79% 25.18%
Number of salaries quoted 1,056 974 1,245
City of London median annual salary £60,000 £55,000 £55,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +9.09% - +10.00%
10th Percentile £37,500 £36,250 £33,750
90th Percentile £85,000 £78,750 £77,500
Central London median annual salary £60,000 £55,000 £52,500
% change year-on-year +9.09% +4.76% +5.00%

CSS is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
City of London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 4,610 3,976 5,267
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the City of London 42.17% 38.95% 40.91%
Number of salaries quoted 4,148 3,560 4,812
City of London median annual salary £65,000 £60,000 £57,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +8.33% +4.35% +4.55%
10th Percentile £41,250 £37,500 £37,500
90th Percentile £93,750 £90,000 £85,000
Central London median annual salary £65,000 £60,000 £57,500
% change year-on-year +8.33% +4.35% +4.55%

CSS
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing CSS as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for CSS in the City of London

CSS
Salary Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing CSS in the City of London.

Salary trend for CSS in the City of London

CSS
Salary Histogram in the City of London

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing CSS in the City of London over the 6 months to 19 August 2018.

Salary histogram for CSS in the City of London

CSS
Job Locations in the City of London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing CSS within the City of London region over the 6 months to 19 August 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London Bridge -9 3 £57,500 +43.75%
CSS
Central London

For the 6 months to 19 August 2018, IT jobs citing CSS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for CSS.

1 1,000 (86.73%) JavaScript
2 975 (84.56%) HTML
3 494 (42.84%) Agile Software Development
4 430 (37.29%) .NET
5 419 (36.34%) C#
6 417 (36.17%) AngularJS
7 397 (34.43%) SQL
8 366 (31.74%) MVC
9 347 (30.10%) HTML5
10 343 (29.75%) Finance
11 333 (28.88%) jQuery
12 303 (26.28%) Web Development
12 303 (26.28%) CSS3
13 295 (25.59%) SQL Server
14 290 (25.15%) React
15 276 (23.94%) Java
16 273 (23.68%) Front End Development
17 254 (22.03%) ASP.NET
18 251 (21.77%) Git (software)
19 237 (20.56%) TDD
20 221 (19.17%) OO
21 216 (18.73%) PHP
21 216 (18.73%) User Experience
22 195 (16.91%) Scrum
23 167 (14.48%) Microsoft Azure
24 166 (14.40%) Sass
25 161 (13.96%) Node.js
26 160 (13.88%) Web Services
27 157 (13.62%) ASP.NET MVC
27 157 (13.62%) Twitter Bootstrap

CSS
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 100 (8.67%) CMS
2 95 (8.24%) SharePoint
3 56 (4.86%) WordPress
4 35 (3.04%) Drupal
5 32 (2.78%) Umbraco
6 30 (2.60%) Apache
7 25 (2.17%) Sitecore CMS
8 22 (1.91%) IIS
9 20 (1.73%) EPiServer
9 20 (1.73%) Tomcat
10 19 (1.65%) Elasticsearch
11 15 (1.30%) SharePoint 2013
12 12 (1.04%) SharePoint 2010
13 11 (0.95%) Confluence
13 11 (0.95%) Kentico
14 8 (0.69%) JBoss
15 6 (0.52%) Ethereum
15 6 (0.52%) WebLogic
16 5 (0.43%) Adobe Experience Manager
17 3 (0.26%) nginx
Applications
1 24 (2.08%) Photoshop
2 15 (1.30%) Adobe Illustrator
3 12 (1.04%) Adobe Creative Suite
4 10 (0.87%) Microsoft Excel
5 7 (0.61%) InVision
6 4 (0.35%) InDesign
7 3 (0.26%) Microsoft Office
7 3 (0.26%) OmniGraffle
8 1 (0.087%) Chatbot
8 1 (0.087%) InfoPath
8 1 (0.087%) MS Visio
8 1 (0.087%) XMetaL
Business Applications
1 72 (6.24%) Dynamics CRM
2 7 (0.61%) Magento
3 2 (0.17%) Distributed Ledger
3 2 (0.17%) Salesforce.com CRM
3 2 (0.17%) Sentinel
4 1 (0.087%) Endur
4 1 (0.087%) Shopify
Cloud Services
1 167 (14.48%) Microsoft Azure
2 150 (13.01%) Amazon AWS
3 29 (2.52%) Serverless
4 28 (2.43%) GitHub
5 21 (1.82%) AWS Lambda
5 21 (1.82%) npm
6 18 (1.56%) SaaS
7 16 (1.39%) Amazon S3
8 14 (1.21%) Amazon EC2
8 14 (1.21%) Google Cloud Platform
9 11 (0.95%) CloudFront
9 11 (0.95%) PaaS
10 9 (0.78%) Amazon SQS
10 9 (0.78%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
11 8 (0.69%) Yarn
12 6 (0.52%) Cloud Computing
12 6 (0.52%) Google Analytics
13 5 (0.43%) Amazon CloudWatch
13 5 (0.43%) IaaS
14 4 (0.35%) Office 365
Communications & Networking
1 27 (2.34%) Internet
2 22 (1.91%) HTTP
3 9 (0.78%) Intranet
4 5 (0.43%) TCP/IP
5 4 (0.35%) Firewall
5 4 (0.35%) SSL
6 2 (0.17%) Extranet
6 2 (0.17%) FIX Connectivity
6 2 (0.17%) HTTPS
6 2 (0.17%) Skype
7 1 (0.087%) BGP
7 1 (0.087%) EIGRP
7 1 (0.087%) LAN
7 1 (0.087%) OSPF
7 1 (0.087%) SMS
7 1 (0.087%) SSH
Database & Business Intelligence
1 295 (25.59%) SQL Server
2 107 (9.28%) MySQL
3 91 (7.89%) NoSQL
4 64 (5.55%) Relational Database
5 48 (4.16%) MongoDB
6 43 (3.73%) Blockchain
7 34 (2.95%) PostgreSQL
8 32 (2.78%) SQL Server Reporting Services
9 30 (2.60%) SQL Server Integration Services
10 25 (2.17%) Redis
11 19 (1.65%) SQL Server 2012
12 18 (1.56%) BigQuery
12 18 (1.56%) SQL Server 2008
13 17 (1.47%) Data Warehouse
14 15 (1.30%) Amazon RDS
15 11 (0.95%) Power BI
15 11 (0.95%) SQL Server 2005
16 10 (0.87%) Amazon DynamoDB
16 10 (0.87%) SQL Server 2014
17 9 (0.78%) RDBMS
Development Applications
1 251 (21.77%) Git (software)
2 111 (9.63%) Team Foundation Server
3 73 (6.33%) Visual Studio
4 67 (5.81%) Jasmine
4 67 (5.81%) Jenkins
5 62 (5.38%) Visual Studio Team System
6 61 (5.29%) gulp
6 61 (5.29%) TeamCity
7 58 (5.03%) webpack
8 54 (4.68%) Grunt
8 54 (4.68%) Selenium
9 50 (4.34%) Octopus Deploy
10 43 (3.73%) Subversion
11 35 (3.04%) JIRA
12 33 (2.86%) NUnit
13 31 (2.69%) Protractor
14 29 (2.52%) Karma Test Runner
15 28 (2.43%) Gradle
16 27 (2.34%) JUnit
17 21 (1.82%) Maven
General
1 343 (29.75%) Finance
2 104 (9.02%) Advertising
3 57 (4.94%) Banking
4 56 (4.86%) Marketing
5 24 (2.08%) Retail
6 22 (1.91%) Financial Institution
7 18 (1.56%) Games
7 18 (1.56%) Legal
7 18 (1.56%) Publishing
8 16 (1.39%) Law
9 12 (1.04%) Back Office
10 7 (0.61%) Investment Banking
10 7 (0.61%) Multimedia
11 5 (0.43%) Automotive
11 5 (0.43%) Front Office
12 4 (0.35%) Telecoms
13 2 (0.17%) Billing
13 2 (0.17%) French Language
13 2 (0.17%) German Language
13 2 (0.17%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 912 (79.10%) Developer
2 203 (17.61%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 193 (16.74%) Senior Developer
4 172 (14.92%) .NET Developer
5 145 (12.58%) C# Developer
6 141 (12.23%) Full Stack Developer
7 132 (11.45%) Java Developer
8 111 (9.63%) Web Developer
9 109 (9.45%) JavaScript Developer
10 99 (8.59%) Angular Developer
11 86 (7.46%) C# .NET Developer
12 69 (5.98%) Architect
13 58 (5.03%) React Developer
14 51 (4.42%) PHP Developer
15 48 (4.16%) Lead Developer
16 47 (4.08%) Software Engineer
17 44 (3.82%) HTML Developer
18 43 (3.73%) ASP.NET Developer
19 42 (3.64%) Solutions Architect
20 41 (3.56%) .NET Web Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 975 (84.56%) HTML
2 430 (37.29%) .NET
3 417 (36.17%) AngularJS
4 347 (30.10%) HTML5
5 333 (28.88%) jQuery
6 303 (26.28%) CSS3
7 290 (25.15%) React
8 254 (22.03%) ASP.NET
9 166 (14.40%) Sass
10 161 (13.96%) Node.js
11 160 (13.88%) Web Services
12 157 (13.62%) ASP.NET MVC
12 157 (13.62%) Twitter Bootstrap
13 155 (13.44%) ASP.NET Web API
14 152 (13.18%) RESTful
15 132 (11.45%) Spring
16 115 (9.97%) REST
17 114 (9.89%) Entity Framework
18 96 (8.33%) .NET Core
19 91 (7.89%) Ajax
Miscellaneous
1 216 (18.73%) User Experience
2 99 (8.59%) Computer Science
3 89 (7.72%) Mobile App
4 88 (7.63%) Greenfield Project
5 80 (6.94%) Fintech
6 78 (6.76%) Analytical Skills
7 69 (5.98%) N-Tier
8 23 (1.99%) Self-Motivation
9 19 (1.65%) Xbox
10 12 (1.04%) Enterprise Software
10 12 (1.04%) Reinsurance
10 12 (1.04%) W3C
11 11 (0.95%) Animation
12 9 (0.78%) Data Structures
13 8 (0.69%) Digital Media
13 8 (0.69%) Fixed Income
13 8 (0.69%) iSeries
13 8 (0.69%) Mainframe
14 7 (0.61%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
14 7 (0.61%) Video\Live Streaming
Operating Systems
1 93 (8.07%) Linux
2 54 (4.68%) Windows
3 49 (4.25%) Android
4 34 (2.95%) Apple iOS
5 12 (1.04%) openSUSE
5 12 (1.04%) Ubuntu
6 9 (0.78%) Unix
6 9 (0.78%) Windows Server
7 4 (0.35%) CentOS
8 3 (0.26%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 2 (0.17%) Windows Server 2008
9 2 (0.17%) Windows Server 2012
10 1 (0.087%) Windows Embedded Compact
Processes & Methodologies
1 494 (42.84%) Agile Software Development
2 366 (31.74%) MVC
3 303 (26.28%) Web Development
4 273 (23.68%) Front End Development
5 237 (20.56%) TDD
6 221 (19.17%) OO
7 195 (16.91%) Scrum
8 149 (12.92%) Continuous Integration
9 141 (12.23%) Software Engineering
10 140 (12.14%) Microservices
11 117 (10.15%) Test Automation
12 106 (9.19%) SOLID
13 100 (8.67%) Problem-Solving
14 99 (8.59%) BDD
15 86 (7.46%) Unit Testing
16 83 (7.20%) CRM
16 83 (7.20%) SOA
17 80 (6.94%) DevOps
18 74 (6.42%) Responsive Web Design
19 71 (6.16%) Mentoring
Programming Languages
1 1,000 (86.73%) JavaScript
2 419 (36.34%) C#
3 397 (34.43%) SQL
4 276 (23.94%) Java
5 216 (18.73%) PHP
6 122 (10.58%) T-SQL
7 101 (8.76%) TypeScript
8 91 (7.89%) Python
9 62 (5.38%) ES6
9 62 (5.38%) Java 8
10 38 (3.30%) PowerShell
11 23 (1.99%) Ruby
12 22 (1.91%) Groovy
13 21 (1.82%) C++
14 15 (1.30%) Apex Code
14 15 (1.30%) ES7
14 15 (1.30%) Perl
15 14 (1.21%) C
16 13 (1.13%) Scala
17 12 (1.04%) PL/SQL
Qualifications
1 147 (12.75%) Degree
2 69 (5.98%) Computer Science Degree
3 20 (1.73%) PhD
4 5 (0.43%) Security Cleared
5 4 (0.35%) PMI Certification
5 4 (0.35%) SC Cleared
6 3 (0.26%) Microsoft Certification
7 2 (0.17%) Master's Degree
7 2 (0.17%) MCSE
8 1 (0.087%) DBS Check
8 1 (0.087%) DV Cleared
8 1 (0.087%) ITIL Certification
8 1 (0.087%) MCSD
8 1 (0.087%) MCTS
8 1 (0.087%) Numerate Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 53 (4.60%) QA
2 11 (0.95%) WCAG
3 5 (0.43%) WAI
4 4 (0.35%) Data Quality
4 4 (0.35%) GDPR
5 3 (0.26%) GCP
5 3 (0.26%) ISO 9001
6 2 (0.17%) MiFID
7 1 (0.087%) SLA
System Software
1 46 (3.99%) Docker
2 4 (0.35%) VMware Infrastructure
3 3 (0.26%) Active Directory
4 1 (0.087%) GridGain
Systems Management
1 25 (2.17%) Opscode Chef
2 22 (1.91%) Puppet
3 13 (1.13%) Ansible
3 13 (1.13%) Salt
4 8 (0.69%) logstash
5 7 (0.61%) Graphite
6 6 (0.52%) Terraform
7 5 (0.43%) Kubernetes
8 4 (0.35%) LiteSpeed
9 2 (0.17%) cPanel
9 2 (0.17%) Kibana
9 2 (0.17%) Nagios
9 2 (0.17%) Prometheus
9 2 (0.17%) ZABBIX
10 1 (0.087%) Docker Swarm
10 1 (0.087%) Grafana
10 1 (0.087%) HP Quality Center
10 1 (0.087%) Mesos
Vendors
1 123 (10.67%) Microsoft
2 62 (5.38%) Nintex
3 47 (4.08%) Oracle
4 33 (2.86%) Sitecore
5 28 (2.43%) Google
6 25 (2.17%) Salesforce.com
7 21 (1.82%) Adobe
8 12 (1.04%) hybris
9 10 (0.87%) IBM
10 8 (0.69%) Capita
10 8 (0.69%) Marketo
11 6 (0.52%) Splunk
11 6 (0.52%) Xamarin
11 6 (0.52%) Zend
12 4 (0.35%) Facebook
12 4 (0.35%) New Relic
12 4 (0.35%) Remedy
12 4 (0.35%) Telerik
12 4 (0.35%) VMware
13 3 (0.26%) Hummingbird