Period
to 7 April 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for CSS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited CSS over the 6 months to 7 April 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

CSS (Cascading Style Sheets)
Central London > City of London
6 months to
7 Apr 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 24 21 18
Rank change year-on-year -3 -3 -1
Permanent jobs citing CSS 678 911 1,032
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the City of London 7.91% 8.83% 9.56%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 20.44% 20.90% 24.17%
Number of salaries quoted 621 827 947
Median annual salary £65,000 £65,000 £60,000
Median salary % change year-on-year - +8.33% +9.09%
10th Percentile £42,500 £37,500 £36,250
90th Percentile £93,750 £86,750 £85,000
Central London median annual salary £67,500 £62,500 £55,000
% change year-on-year +8.00% +13.64% +4.76%

CSS is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
City of London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 3,317 4,359 4,269
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the City of London 38.72% 42.25% 39.55%
Number of salaries quoted 2,927 3,903 3,787
Median annual salary £70,000 £67,500 £65,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +3.70% +3.85% +8.33%
10th Percentile £45,000 £42,500 £40,000
90th Percentile £96,250 £95,000 £93,750
Central London median annual salary £70,000 £67,500 £62,500
% change year-on-year +3.70% +8.00% +4.17%

CSS
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing CSS as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for CSS in the City of London

CSS
Salary Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing CSS in the City of London.

Salary trend for CSS in the City of London

CSS
Salary Histogram in the City of London

Salary distribution for jobs citing CSS in the City of London over the 6 months to 7 April 2020.

Salary histogram for CSS in the City of London

CSS
Job Locations in the City of London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing CSS within the City of London region over the 6 months to 7 April 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London Bridge -8 7 £52,500 -22.22%
Moorgate - 5 £75,000 -
CSS
Central London

For the 6 months to 7 April 2020, IT jobs citing CSS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for CSS.

1 610 (89.97%) HTML
2 558 (82.30%) JavaScript
3 321 (47.35%) Agile Software Development
4 278 (41.00%) React
5 269 (39.68%) AngularJS
6 246 (36.28%) HTML5
7 230 (33.92%) Finance
8 203 (29.94%) .NET
9 196 (28.91%) C#
10 171 (25.22%) SQL
11 166 (24.48%) Front End Development
12 157 (23.16%) User Experience
13 144 (21.24%) Node.js
14 140 (20.65%) MVC
15 136 (20.06%) CSS3
16 132 (19.47%) TDD
17 129 (19.03%) TypeScript
18 127 (18.73%) Azure
19 122 (17.99%) jQuery
20 115 (16.96%) Sass
20 115 (16.96%) SQL Server
21 112 (16.52%) Git (software)
22 108 (15.93%) AWS
22 108 (15.93%) Scrum
23 107 (15.78%) DevOps
24 106 (15.63%) Web Development
25 100 (14.75%) ASP.NET
26 99 (14.60%) Degree
27 95 (14.01%) Fintech
28 93 (13.72%) Microservices

CSS
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 40 (5.90%) CMS
2 17 (2.51%) WordPress
3 14 (2.06%) Apache Spark
3 14 (2.06%) MQSeries
4 12 (1.77%) Drupal
4 12 (1.77%) SharePoint
5 10 (1.47%) Elasticsearch
5 10 (1.47%) Headless CMS
5 10 (1.47%) IIS
6 9 (1.33%) Sitecore CMS
7 8 (1.18%) Confluence
7 8 (1.18%) Tomcat
7 8 (1.18%) Umbraco
8 6 (0.88%) Adobe Experience Manager
9 4 (0.59%) Apache
9 4 (0.59%) JBoss
9 4 (0.59%) SharePoint 2010
9 4 (0.59%) SharePoint 2013
10 3 (0.44%) EPiServer
11 2 (0.29%) nginx
Applications
1 16 (2.36%) Photoshop
2 15 (2.21%) Sketch
3 8 (1.18%) Adobe Creative Suite
3 8 (1.18%) Microsoft Excel
4 6 (0.88%) Adobe Illustrator
4 6 (0.88%) InVision
5 5 (0.74%) Figma
5 5 (0.74%) Zeplin
6 3 (0.44%) Fireworks
7 2 (0.29%) Adobe After Effects
7 2 (0.29%) Microsoft Office
8 1 (0.15%) Acrobat
8 1 (0.15%) InDesign
8 1 (0.15%) Microsoft Project
8 1 (0.15%) OmniGraffle
Business Applications
1 18 (2.65%) Dynamics CRM
2 4 (0.59%) Magento
3 2 (0.29%) Shopify
4 1 (0.15%) Dynamics AX
4 1 (0.15%) Eloqua
4 1 (0.15%) Payment Gateway
4 1 (0.15%) WebTrends
Cloud Services
1 127 (18.73%) Azure
2 108 (15.93%) AWS
3 43 (6.34%) SaaS
4 39 (5.75%) GCP
5 37 (5.46%) npm
6 21 (3.10%) Serverless
7 17 (2.51%) AWS Lambda
8 11 (1.62%) GitHub
8 11 (1.62%) Office 365
8 11 (1.62%) PaaS
9 9 (1.33%) Firebase
9 9 (1.33%) Google Analytics
10 8 (1.18%) IaaS
11 7 (1.03%) Amazon ECS
12 6 (0.88%) Azure Functions
12 6 (0.88%) BrowserStack
12 6 (0.88%) Power Platform
13 5 (0.74%) Cloud Computing
14 3 (0.44%) Amazon EC2
14 3 (0.44%) Amazon S3
Communications & Networking
1 11 (1.62%) Intranet
2 8 (1.18%) Internet
3 7 (1.03%) HTTP
4 1 (0.15%) Skype
4 1 (0.15%) TCP/IP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 115 (16.96%) SQL Server
2 59 (8.70%) NoSQL
3 40 (5.90%) PostgreSQL
4 39 (5.75%) MySQL
5 25 (3.69%) Big Data
6 19 (2.80%) MongoDB
7 17 (2.51%) Hadoop
8 14 (2.06%) Apache Hive
9 13 (1.92%) Azure SQL Database
10 12 (1.77%) Relational Database
11 11 (1.62%) SQL Server 2012
12 9 (1.33%) SQL Server Integration Services
13 8 (1.18%) Cosmos DB
14 6 (0.88%) Amazon DynamoDB
14 6 (0.88%) SQL Server 2016
15 5 (0.74%) MariaDB
15 5 (0.74%) Power BI
15 5 (0.74%) SQL Server 2014
16 4 (0.59%) Blockchain
16 4 (0.59%) Data Warehouse
Development Applications
1 112 (16.52%) Git (software)
2 48 (7.08%) gulp
3 38 (5.60%) webpack
4 35 (5.16%) JIRA
5 30 (4.42%) Jenkins
6 28 (4.13%) NUnit
7 25 (3.69%) Visual Studio
8 23 (3.39%) MSTest
9 22 (3.24%) Jasmine
10 15 (2.21%) GitLab
11 13 (1.92%) Protractor
12 12 (1.77%) Grunt
12 12 (1.77%) Mocha
13 10 (1.47%) Babel
14 9 (1.33%) Cypress.io
14 9 (1.33%) Karma Test Runner
14 9 (1.33%) TeamCity
15 8 (1.18%) Selenium
16 7 (1.03%) PHPUnit
17 6 (0.88%) Balsamiq
General
1 230 (33.92%) Finance
2 71 (10.47%) Marketing
3 29 (4.28%) Banking
3 29 (4.28%) Retail
4 19 (2.80%) Games
5 17 (2.51%) Financial Institution
6 16 (2.36%) Advertising
6 16 (2.36%) Back Office
7 11 (1.62%) Law
8 10 (1.47%) Investment Banking
9 8 (1.18%) Legal
10 5 (0.74%) Automotive
10 5 (0.74%) Front Office
10 5 (0.74%) Publishing
11 3 (0.44%) Manufacturing
12 2 (0.29%) Electronics
12 2 (0.29%) Public Sector
12 2 (0.29%) Telecoms
13 1 (0.15%) Housing Association
13 1 (0.15%) Retail Finance
Job Titles
1 477 (70.35%) Developer
2 128 (18.88%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 105 (15.49%) Full Stack Developer
4 102 (15.04%) Senior Developer
5 95 (14.01%) .NET Developer
6 78 (11.50%) JavaScript Developer
7 73 (10.77%) React Developer
8 65 (9.59%) C# Developer
9 52 (7.67%) C# .NET Developer
10 42 (6.19%) Java Developer
11 40 (5.90%) Senior Front-End Developer
12 35 (5.16%) Angular Developer
13 31 (4.57%) PHP Developer
14 30 (4.42%) Web Developer
15 28 (4.13%) Software Developer
16 27 (3.98%) Software Engineer
17 25 (3.69%) Designer
18 21 (3.10%) Junior
18 21 (3.10%) Lead Developer
18 21 (3.10%) UI Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 610 (89.97%) HTML
2 278 (41.00%) React
3 269 (39.68%) AngularJS
4 246 (36.28%) HTML5
5 203 (29.94%) .NET
6 144 (21.24%) Node.js
7 136 (20.06%) CSS3
8 122 (17.99%) jQuery
9 115 (16.96%) Sass
10 100 (14.75%) ASP.NET
11 89 (13.13%) REST
12 85 (12.54%) RESTful
13 75 (11.06%) .NET Framework
14 74 (10.91%) Redux
15 61 (9.00%) Twitter Bootstrap
15 61 (9.00%) Vue.js
16 54 (7.96%) ASP.NET Web API
17 52 (7.67%) .NET Core
17 52 (7.67%) ASP.NET MVC
18 48 (7.08%) Web Services
Miscellaneous
1 157 (23.16%) User Experience
2 54 (7.96%) Analytical Skills
3 37 (5.46%) Greenfield Project
3 37 (5.46%) Mobile App
4 34 (5.01%) Self-Motivation
5 19 (2.80%) Enterprise Software
6 16 (2.36%) Derivative
7 14 (2.06%) Data Centre
8 12 (1.77%) N-Tier
9 10 (1.47%) Blog
9 10 (1.47%) Client/Server
9 10 (1.47%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
9 10 (1.47%) Social Media
10 9 (1.33%) Management Information System
10 9 (1.33%) Online Games
11 8 (1.18%) Cloud Native
11 8 (1.18%) Graphic Design
11 8 (1.18%) Hedge funds
12 7 (1.03%) Cyberthreat
12 7 (1.03%) Life Science
Operating Systems
1 58 (8.55%) Linux
2 27 (3.98%) Windows
3 26 (3.83%) Unix
4 18 (2.65%) Android
5 17 (2.51%) Apple iOS
6 3 (0.44%) Windows Server
7 2 (0.29%) Mac OS X
8 1 (0.15%) VMS
8 1 (0.15%) Windows 7
8 1 (0.15%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 321 (47.35%) Agile Software Development
2 166 (24.48%) Front End Development
3 140 (20.65%) MVC
4 132 (19.47%) TDD
5 108 (15.93%) Scrum
6 107 (15.78%) DevOps
7 106 (15.63%) Web Development
8 95 (14.01%) Fintech
9 93 (13.72%) Microservices
10 88 (12.98%) Computer Science
10 88 (12.98%) OO
11 83 (12.24%) Software Engineering
12 80 (11.80%) Problem-Solving
13 69 (10.18%) Test Automation
14 66 (9.73%) SDLC
15 61 (9.00%) Mentoring
16 59 (8.70%) E-Commerce
17 56 (8.26%) SOLID
18 55 (8.11%) Continuous Integration
19 53 (7.82%) BDD
Programming Languages
1 558 (82.30%) JavaScript
2 196 (28.91%) C#
3 171 (25.22%) SQL
4 129 (19.03%) TypeScript
5 93 (13.72%) Python
6 92 (13.57%) Java
7 88 (12.98%) PHP
8 79 (11.65%) ES6
9 37 (5.46%) T-SQL
10 19 (2.80%) Scala
11 17 (2.51%) Kotlin
11 17 (2.51%) PowerShell
12 16 (2.36%) C
13 13 (1.92%) C++
13 13 (1.92%) Go
14 12 (1.77%) Ruby
15 9 (1.33%) Java 8
16 8 (1.18%) ES7
17 5 (0.74%) PL/SQL
17 5 (0.74%) VBScript
Qualifications
1 99 (14.60%) Degree
2 55 (8.11%) Computer Science Degree
3 4 (0.59%) PMI Certification
3 4 (0.59%) PMP
4 2 (0.29%) Security Cleared
5 1 (0.15%) DV Cleared
5 1 (0.15%) SC Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 23 (3.39%) QA
2 3 (0.44%) WCAG
3 1 (0.15%) SLA
System Software
1 80 (11.80%) Docker
2 3 (0.44%) Active Directory
Systems Management
1 39 (5.75%) Kubernetes
2 17 (2.51%) Terraform
3 3 (0.44%) Kibana
3 3 (0.44%) SCCM
4 1 (0.15%) logstash
4 1 (0.15%) Microsoft Clustering
4 1 (0.15%) MIIS
Vendors
1 70 (10.32%) Microsoft
2 49 (7.23%) Google
3 22 (3.24%) Adobe
4 13 (1.92%) Oracle
5 9 (1.33%) Sitecore
6 7 (1.03%) IBM
6 7 (1.03%) TIBCO
6 7 (1.03%) UiPath
7 5 (0.74%) Salesforce.com
7 5 (0.74%) Samsung
7 5 (0.74%) Twitter
7 5 (0.74%) Xamarin
8 3 (0.44%) SAP
9 2 (0.29%) CA Agile Central
9 2 (0.29%) Nintex
9 2 (0.29%) Optimizely
9 2 (0.29%) Tableau
9 2 (0.29%) Zend
10 1 (0.15%) HubSpot
10 1 (0.15%) Salesforce Marketing Cloud