Period
to 20 October 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for CSS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited CSS over the 6 months to 20 October 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

CSS (Cascading Style Sheets)
Central London > City of London
6 months to
20 Oct 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 19 17 17
Rank change year-on-year -2 0 +2
Permanent jobs citing CSS 1,191 1,069 1,345
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the City of London 10.79% 10.75% 11.24%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 25.14% 27.23% 26.93%
Number of salaries quoted 1,088 939 1,258
City of London median annual salary £62,500 £57,500 £55,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +8.70% +4.55% +10.00%
10th Percentile £37,500 £36,250 £36,250
90th Percentile £87,500 £75,000 £75,000
Central London median annual salary £60,000 £55,000 £55,000
% change year-on-year +9.09% - +10.00%

CSS is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
City of London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 4,738 3,926 4,995
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the City of London 42.93% 39.49% 41.76%
Number of salaries quoted 4,342 3,538 4,595
City of London median annual salary £65,000 £62,500 £60,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.00% +4.17% +4.35%
10th Percentile £42,500 £40,000 £37,507
90th Percentile £93,750 £90,000 £86,250
Central London median annual salary £65,000 £60,000 £57,500
% change year-on-year +8.33% +4.35% +2.68%

CSS
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing CSS as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for CSS in the City of London

CSS
Salary Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing CSS in the City of London.

Salary trend for CSS in the City of London

CSS
Salary Histogram in the City of London

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing CSS in the City of London over the 6 months to 20 October 2018.

Salary histogram for CSS in the City of London

CSS
Job Locations in the City of London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing CSS within the City of London region over the 6 months to 20 October 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London Bridge -13 4 £51,250 +78.26%
Moorgate +1 2 £67,500 +58.82%
CSS
Central London

For the 6 months to 20 October 2018, IT jobs citing CSS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for CSS.

1 1,019 (85.56%) JavaScript
2 1,011 (84.89%) HTML
3 522 (43.83%) Agile Software Development
4 474 (39.80%) C#
5 469 (39.38%) .NET
6 429 (36.02%) SQL
6 429 (36.02%) AngularJS
7 393 (33.00%) MVC
8 361 (30.31%) jQuery
9 330 (27.71%) HTML5
10 320 (26.87%) Finance
11 314 (26.36%) SQL Server
12 309 (25.94%) React
13 290 (24.35%) Web Development
14 289 (24.27%) CSS3
15 278 (23.34%) ASP.NET
16 276 (23.17%) Front End Development
17 250 (20.99%) OO
18 248 (20.82%) Java
19 243 (20.40%) Git (software)
20 203 (17.04%) Microsoft Azure
20 203 (17.04%) Scrum
21 201 (16.88%) User Experience
22 200 (16.79%) TDD
23 198 (16.62%) ASP.NET Web API
24 190 (15.95%) PHP
25 167 (14.02%) Twitter Bootstrap
26 166 (13.94%) Microservices
27 165 (13.85%) T-SQL
28 163 (13.69%) ASP.NET MVC

CSS
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 98 (8.23%) SharePoint
2 96 (8.06%) CMS
3 57 (4.79%) WordPress
4 34 (2.85%) Umbraco
5 25 (2.10%) IIS
6 24 (2.02%) Drupal
7 23 (1.93%) Apache
8 22 (1.85%) Sitecore CMS
9 16 (1.34%) Confluence
9 16 (1.34%) Tomcat
10 15 (1.26%) Elasticsearch
10 15 (1.26%) EPiServer
10 15 (1.26%) SharePoint 2013
11 11 (0.92%) Ethereum
12 10 (0.84%) Kentico
12 10 (0.84%) SharePoint 2010
13 8 (0.67%) Adobe Experience Manager
14 7 (0.59%) nginx
15 4 (0.34%) Marvel
16 3 (0.25%) BizTalk Server
Applications
1 15 (1.26%) Photoshop
2 11 (0.92%) Adobe Illustrator
3 8 (0.67%) Adobe Creative Suite
3 8 (0.67%) Microsoft Excel
4 7 (0.59%) InVision
5 3 (0.25%) Microsoft Office
6 2 (0.17%) OmniGraffle
7 1 (0.084%) AutoCAD
7 1 (0.084%) Chatbot
7 1 (0.084%) InDesign
7 1 (0.084%) InfoPath
7 1 (0.084%) Microsoft PowerPoint
7 1 (0.084%) MS Visio
7 1 (0.084%) XMetaL
Business Applications
1 84 (7.05%) Dynamics CRM
2 5 (0.42%) Magento
3 2 (0.17%) Odoo
3 2 (0.17%) Sentinel
3 2 (0.17%) Shopify
4 1 (0.084%) Distributed Ledger
4 1 (0.084%) Eloqua
4 1 (0.084%) Endur
Cloud Services
1 203 (17.04%) Microsoft Azure
2 150 (12.59%) Amazon AWS
3 27 (2.27%) GitHub
4 19 (1.60%) npm
4 19 (1.60%) Serverless
5 18 (1.51%) SaaS
6 12 (1.01%) Google Cloud Platform
7 10 (0.84%) AWS Lambda
8 8 (0.67%) Amazon EC2
9 7 (0.59%) Office 365
9 7 (0.59%) PaaS
10 6 (0.50%) Google Analytics
10 6 (0.50%) NuGet
11 5 (0.42%) BlazeMeter
11 5 (0.42%) Cloud Computing
12 4 (0.34%) Adobe Creative Cloud
12 4 (0.34%) CloudFront
12 4 (0.34%) Dynamics 365
12 4 (0.34%) OpenShift
12 4 (0.34%) Yarn
Communications & Networking
1 23 (1.93%) Internet
2 20 (1.68%) HTTP
3 6 (0.50%) Firewall
4 5 (0.42%) Intranet
5 4 (0.34%) SSL
5 4 (0.34%) TCP/IP
6 3 (0.25%) HTTPS
7 2 (0.17%) DNS
7 2 (0.17%) Extranet
7 2 (0.17%) FIX Connectivity
8 1 (0.084%) BGP
8 1 (0.084%) EIGRP
8 1 (0.084%) LAN
8 1 (0.084%) OSPF
8 1 (0.084%) Skype
8 1 (0.084%) SMS
8 1 (0.084%) SSH
Database & Business Intelligence
1 314 (26.36%) SQL Server
2 100 (8.40%) MySQL
3 84 (7.05%) NoSQL
4 63 (5.29%) Relational Database
5 43 (3.61%) Blockchain
6 37 (3.11%) SQL Server Reporting Services
7 36 (3.02%) MongoDB
8 32 (2.69%) SQL Server Integration Services
9 30 (2.52%) PostgreSQL
10 25 (2.10%) Redis
11 21 (1.76%) Data Warehouse
12 17 (1.43%) BigQuery
12 17 (1.43%) Power BI
12 17 (1.43%) SQL Server 2012
12 17 (1.43%) SQL Server 2014
13 15 (1.26%) SQL Server 2008
14 12 (1.01%) RDBMS
15 11 (0.92%) Big Data
16 9 (0.76%) SQL Server 2005
17 8 (0.67%) Amazon RDS
Development Applications
1 243 (20.40%) Git (software)
2 131 (11.00%) Team Foundation Server
3 75 (6.30%) Visual Studio Team System
4 71 (5.96%) TeamCity
5 70 (5.88%) Jenkins
6 69 (5.79%) Visual Studio
7 58 (4.87%) webpack
8 56 (4.70%) Jasmine
9 53 (4.45%) Octopus Deploy
10 52 (4.37%) gulp
11 48 (4.03%) Selenium
12 43 (3.61%) Grunt
13 42 (3.53%) NUnit
13 42 (3.53%) Subversion
14 39 (3.27%) JIRA
15 26 (2.18%) JUnit
16 25 (2.10%) Gradle
17 24 (2.02%) Protractor
18 22 (1.85%) Karma Test Runner
19 20 (1.68%) SpecFlow
General
1 320 (26.87%) Finance
2 84 (7.05%) Advertising
3 65 (5.46%) Marketing
4 52 (4.37%) Banking
5 27 (2.27%) Retail
6 23 (1.93%) Law
7 22 (1.85%) Financial Institution
8 19 (1.60%) Publishing
9 18 (1.51%) Back Office
10 17 (1.43%) Games
11 11 (0.92%) Investment Banking
12 7 (0.59%) Legal
13 6 (0.50%) Front Office
14 4 (0.34%) Multimedia
15 3 (0.25%) Retail Finance
16 2 (0.17%) Billing
16 2 (0.17%) French Language
16 2 (0.17%) Pharmaceutical
16 2 (0.17%) Retail Banking
16 2 (0.17%) Telecoms
Job Titles
1 910 (76.41%) Developer
2 206 (17.30%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 199 (16.71%) Senior Developer
4 171 (14.36%) .NET Developer
5 168 (14.11%) C# Developer
6 160 (13.43%) Full Stack Developer
7 119 (9.99%) Web Developer
8 117 (9.82%) Java Developer
9 101 (8.48%) JavaScript Developer
10 97 (8.14%) C# .NET Developer
11 88 (7.39%) Architect
12 85 (7.14%) Angular Developer
13 66 (5.54%) Lead Developer
14 62 (5.21%) PHP Developer
15 55 (4.62%) React Developer
16 53 (4.45%) Solutions Architect
17 46 (3.86%) Software Engineer
18 43 (3.61%) .NET Web Developer
19 42 (3.53%) ASP.NET Developer
20 40 (3.36%) HTML Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,011 (84.89%) HTML
2 469 (39.38%) .NET
3 429 (36.02%) AngularJS
4 361 (30.31%) jQuery
5 330 (27.71%) HTML5
6 309 (25.94%) React
7 289 (24.27%) CSS3
8 278 (23.34%) ASP.NET
9 198 (16.62%) ASP.NET Web API
10 167 (14.02%) Twitter Bootstrap
11 163 (13.69%) ASP.NET MVC
12 159 (13.35%) Web Services
13 145 (12.17%) Sass
14 139 (11.67%) Entity Framework
15 136 (11.42%) Node.js
16 135 (11.34%) RESTful
17 123 (10.33%) REST
18 119 (9.99%) .NET Core
19 107 (8.98%) .NET Framework
20 106 (8.90%) Spring
Miscellaneous
1 201 (16.88%) User Experience
2 94 (7.89%) Computer Science
3 90 (7.56%) Mobile App
4 89 (7.47%) Greenfield Project
5 88 (7.39%) Fintech
6 83 (6.97%) N-Tier
7 76 (6.38%) Analytical Skills
8 26 (2.18%) Xbox
9 19 (1.60%) Self-Motivation
10 12 (1.01%) Reinsurance
11 10 (0.84%) iSeries
11 10 (0.84%) Mainframe
12 9 (0.76%) Enterprise Software
12 9 (0.76%) Video\Live Streaming
13 8 (0.67%) Digital Media
13 8 (0.67%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
13 8 (0.67%) W3C
14 7 (0.59%) Data Structures
15 6 (0.50%) Hedge funds
15 6 (0.50%) Social Media
Operating Systems
1 84 (7.05%) Linux
2 47 (3.95%) Windows
3 41 (3.44%) Android
4 30 (2.52%) Apple iOS
5 11 (0.92%) Windows Server
6 10 (0.84%) openSUSE
6 10 (0.84%) Ubuntu
7 6 (0.50%) Unix
8 4 (0.34%) CentOS
8 4 (0.34%) Windows Server 2012
9 2 (0.17%) Mac OS
9 2 (0.17%) Windows Server 2008
Processes & Methodologies
1 522 (43.83%) Agile Software Development
2 393 (33.00%) MVC
3 290 (24.35%) Web Development
4 276 (23.17%) Front End Development
5 250 (20.99%) OO
6 203 (17.04%) Scrum
7 200 (16.79%) TDD
8 166 (13.94%) Microservices
9 149 (12.51%) Continuous Integration
10 139 (11.67%) Software Engineering
10 139 (11.67%) SOLID
11 138 (11.59%) Test Automation
12 100 (8.40%) SOA
13 96 (8.06%) Waterfall
14 92 (7.72%) CRM
14 92 (7.72%) Problem-Solving
15 88 (7.39%) DevOps
16 82 (6.88%) Unit Testing
17 81 (6.80%) Deployment Automation
18 78 (6.55%) BDD
Programming Languages
1 1,019 (85.56%) JavaScript
2 474 (39.80%) C#
3 429 (36.02%) SQL
4 248 (20.82%) Java
5 190 (15.95%) PHP
6 165 (13.85%) T-SQL
7 97 (8.14%) TypeScript
8 86 (7.22%) ES6
9 77 (6.47%) Python
10 57 (4.79%) Java 8
11 35 (2.94%) PowerShell
12 26 (2.18%) C++
13 20 (1.68%) ES7
13 20 (1.68%) VB.NET
14 17 (1.43%) Ruby
15 14 (1.18%) Groovy
15 14 (1.18%) PHP 7
16 13 (1.09%) C
17 11 (0.92%) Scala
18 10 (0.84%) Perl
Qualifications
1 161 (13.52%) Degree
2 61 (5.12%) Computer Science Degree
3 27 (2.27%) PhD
4 7 (0.59%) Security Cleared
5 6 (0.50%) SC Cleared
6 4 (0.34%) PMI Certification
7 2 (0.17%) Master's Degree
7 2 (0.17%) Microsoft Certification
8 1 (0.084%) DBS Check
8 1 (0.084%) DV Cleared
8 1 (0.084%) ITIL Certification
8 1 (0.084%) MCSE
8 1 (0.084%) Numerate Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 47 (3.95%) QA
2 8 (0.67%) WCAG
3 6 (0.50%) Data Quality
3 6 (0.50%) WAI
4 5 (0.42%) GDPR
5 2 (0.17%) SLA
6 1 (0.084%) ISO 9001
System Software
1 37 (3.11%) Docker
2 5 (0.42%) Active Directory
3 4 (0.34%) VMware Infrastructure
Systems Management
1 33 (2.77%) Opscode Chef
2 29 (2.43%) Puppet
3 21 (1.76%) Ansible
4 11 (0.92%) Salt
5 10 (0.84%) Terraform
6 7 (0.59%) Graphite
6 7 (0.59%) logstash
7 4 (0.34%) LiteSpeed
8 3 (0.25%) Kubernetes
9 2 (0.17%) cPanel
9 2 (0.17%) HP Quality Center
10 1 (0.084%) Grafana
10 1 (0.084%) Kibana
Vendors
1 143 (12.01%) Microsoft
2 66 (5.54%) Nintex
3 30 (2.52%) Oracle
3 30 (2.52%) Sitecore
4 29 (2.43%) Google
5 19 (1.60%) Adobe
6 16 (1.34%) Salesforce.com
7 13 (1.09%) IBM
8 10 (0.84%) Remedy
9 9 (0.76%) Marketo
9 9 (0.76%) Zend
10 7 (0.59%) Rackspace
11 5 (0.42%) Telerik
11 5 (0.42%) VMware
12 4 (0.34%) Facebook
12 4 (0.34%) HubSpot
12 4 (0.34%) Xamarin
13 3 (0.25%) hybris
13 3 (0.25%) Salesforce Marketing Cloud
13 3 (0.25%) Splunk