Period
to 15 June 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for CSS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited CSS over the 6 months to 15 June 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

CSS (Cascading Style Sheets)
Central London > City of London
6 months to
15 Jun 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 24 16 18
Rank change year-on-year -8 +2 +2
Permanent jobs citing CSS 845 1,104 1,022
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the City of London 8.41% 10.01% 10.05%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 20.53% 24.95% 26.42%
Number of salaries quoted 726 1,000 899
City of London median annual salary £65,000 £60,000 £55,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +8.33% +9.09% +4.76%
10th Percentile £39,375 £37,500 £36,250
90th Percentile £85,625 £85,000 £78,750
Central London median annual salary £62,500 £57,500 £52,500
% change year-on-year +8.70% +9.52% -

CSS is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
City of London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 4,115 4,425 3,868
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the City of London 40.96% 40.13% 38.04%
Number of salaries quoted 3,686 3,963 3,469
City of London median annual salary £70,000 £65,000 £60,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +7.69% +8.33% +4.35%
10th Percentile £42,500 £41,250 £37,500
90th Percentile £95,000 £95,000 £91,250
Central London median annual salary £67,500 £65,000 £60,000
% change year-on-year +3.85% +8.33% +4.35%

CSS
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing CSS as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for CSS in the City of London

CSS
Salary Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing CSS in the City of London.

Salary trend for CSS in the City of London

CSS
Salary Histogram in the City of London

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing CSS in the City of London over the 6 months to 15 June 2019.

Salary histogram for CSS in the City of London

CSS
Job Locations in the City of London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing CSS within the City of London region over the 6 months to 15 June 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London Bridge +4 10 £45,000 -16.28%
CSS
Central London

For the 6 months to 15 June 2019, IT jobs citing CSS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for CSS.

1 746 (88.28%) JavaScript
2 741 (87.69%) HTML
3 379 (44.85%) Agile Software Development
4 319 (37.75%) C#
5 300 (35.50%) .NET
6 298 (35.27%) AngularJS
7 282 (33.37%) SQL
8 222 (26.27%) React
9 218 (25.80%) MVC
10 216 (25.56%) jQuery
11 209 (24.73%) Front End Development
12 202 (23.91%) SQL Server
13 193 (22.84%) ASP.NET
14 192 (22.72%) HTML5
15 188 (22.25%) User Experience
16 185 (21.89%) Git (software)
17 168 (19.88%) Finance
18 163 (19.29%) ASP.NET Web API
19 144 (17.04%) Software Engineering
20 141 (16.69%) TDD
21 140 (16.57%) Web Development
22 138 (16.33%) Microsoft Azure
23 137 (16.21%) Java
24 131 (15.50%) Microsoft
25 128 (15.15%) Scrum
26 127 (15.03%) Microservices
27 123 (14.56%) RESTful
28 122 (14.44%) Twitter Bootstrap
29 121 (14.32%) DevOps
29 121 (14.32%) CSS3

CSS
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 43 (5.09%) Confluence
2 41 (4.85%) SharePoint
2 41 (4.85%) Umbraco
3 36 (4.26%) IIS
4 35 (4.14%) CMS
5 29 (3.43%) WordPress
6 12 (1.42%) JBoss
7 10 (1.18%) Drupal
8 9 (1.07%) Adobe Experience Manager
8 9 (1.07%) Elasticsearch
9 6 (0.71%) LiveCycle
10 5 (0.59%) Cloud Foundry
11 4 (0.47%) Apache Spark
11 4 (0.47%) Sitecore CMS
11 4 (0.47%) WebLogic
11 4 (0.47%) WebSphere
12 3 (0.36%) Apache
12 3 (0.36%) Jupyter
12 3 (0.36%) Kentico
12 3 (0.36%) Mule
Applications
1 31 (3.67%) Sketch
2 21 (2.49%) InVision
3 19 (2.25%) Photoshop
4 12 (1.42%) Adobe Illustrator
5 11 (1.30%) Microsoft Office
6 9 (1.07%) Adobe Creative Suite
6 9 (1.07%) Microsoft Excel
7 4 (0.47%) AutoCAD
7 4 (0.47%) InDesign
8 3 (0.36%) Marvel
8 3 (0.36%) OmniGraffle
9 1 (0.12%) Figma
9 1 (0.12%) InCopy
9 1 (0.12%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 37 (4.38%) Dynamics CRM
2 15 (1.78%) Magento
3 4 (0.47%) SessionCam
4 2 (0.24%) ReMetrica
4 2 (0.24%) Towers Watson Igloo
4 2 (0.24%) WebTrends
5 1 (0.12%) Eloqua
5 1 (0.12%) NetSuite
5 1 (0.12%) Oracle Receivables
5 1 (0.12%) Salesforce.com CRM
5 1 (0.12%) Shopify
Cloud Services
1 138 (16.33%) Microsoft Azure
2 117 (13.85%) Amazon AWS
3 31 (3.67%) SaaS
4 30 (3.55%) GitHub
5 21 (2.49%) Google Cloud Platform
5 21 (2.49%) npm
6 20 (2.37%) Power Platform
7 15 (1.78%) Adobe Creative Cloud
8 13 (1.54%) PaaS
9 11 (1.30%) Google Analytics
10 10 (1.18%) Amazon S3
11 8 (0.95%) Serverless
12 7 (0.83%) Adobe Analytics
12 7 (0.83%) AWS Lambda
13 6 (0.71%) Amazon EC2
13 6 (0.71%) IaaS
13 6 (0.71%) OpenShift
13 6 (0.71%) Trello
14 4 (0.47%) NuGet
14 4 (0.47%) Yarn
Communications & Networking
1 19 (2.25%) HTTP
2 7 (0.83%) Internet
3 5 (0.59%) Intranet
4 3 (0.36%) DNS
4 3 (0.36%) SMS
5 1 (0.12%) Network Security
5 1 (0.12%) Skype
5 1 (0.12%) SSH
Database & Business Intelligence
1 202 (23.91%) SQL Server
2 91 (10.77%) MySQL
3 71 (8.40%) NoSQL
4 29 (3.43%) SQL Server Reporting Services
5 26 (3.08%) PostgreSQL
6 23 (2.72%) SQL Server Integration Services
7 20 (2.37%) MongoDB
8 19 (2.25%) Power BI
9 18 (2.13%) Relational Database
10 15 (1.78%) Big Data
10 15 (1.78%) Blockchain
11 14 (1.66%) Amazon DynamoDB
11 14 (1.66%) Redis
12 13 (1.54%) Apache Cassandra
13 12 (1.42%) Data Warehouse
14 11 (1.30%) Data Lake
15 8 (0.95%) SQL Server Analysis Services
16 6 (0.71%) RDBMS
17 5 (0.59%) SQL Server 2012
18 4 (0.47%) Amazon Aurora
Development Applications
1 185 (21.89%) Git (software)
2 69 (8.17%) JIRA
3 65 (7.69%) Team Foundation Server
4 56 (6.63%) Jenkins
5 46 (5.44%) webpack
6 44 (5.21%) Visual Studio Team System
7 37 (4.38%) Selenium
8 30 (3.55%) Atlassian Bamboo
8 30 (3.55%) Jasmine
9 28 (3.31%) gulp
10 27 (3.20%) WebDriver
11 24 (2.84%) Visual Studio
12 23 (2.72%) Maven
12 23 (2.72%) NUnit
13 21 (2.49%) Bundler
14 20 (2.37%) Grunt
14 20 (2.37%) Karma Test Runner
14 20 (2.37%) SoapUI
14 20 (2.37%) SpecFlow
15 16 (1.89%) TeamCity
General
1 168 (19.88%) Finance
2 53 (6.27%) Marketing
3 42 (4.97%) Banking
4 34 (4.02%) Games
5 28 (3.31%) Advertising
5 28 (3.31%) Retail
6 14 (1.66%) Publishing
7 12 (1.42%) Telecoms
8 11 (1.30%) Front Office
9 10 (1.18%) Law
10 8 (0.95%) Automotive
11 6 (0.71%) Legal
11 6 (0.71%) Online Betting
12 4 (0.47%) Back Office
12 4 (0.47%) Manufacturing
13 3 (0.36%) Billing
14 2 (0.24%) Corporate Banking
14 2 (0.24%) Investment Banking
14 2 (0.24%) Wholesale Banking
15 1 (0.12%) International Banking
Job Titles
1 648 (76.69%) Developer
2 156 (18.46%) C# Developer
3 143 (16.92%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
4 140 (16.57%) Senior Developer
5 135 (15.98%) .NET Developer
6 74 (8.76%) Full Stack Developer
7 70 (8.28%) C# .NET Developer
8 65 (7.69%) Java Developer
9 64 (7.57%) JavaScript Developer
10 62 (7.34%) Web Developer
11 42 (4.97%) Software Developer
12 41 (4.85%) Angular Developer
13 39 (4.62%) React Developer
14 38 (4.50%) Lead Developer
15 36 (4.26%) Senior Front-End Developer
16 35 (4.14%) .NET Web Developer
16 35 (4.14%) Azure Developer
17 30 (3.55%) Designer
17 30 (3.55%) Senior Java Developer
18 26 (3.08%) UX Designer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 741 (87.69%) HTML
2 300 (35.50%) .NET
3 298 (35.27%) AngularJS
4 222 (26.27%) React
5 216 (25.56%) jQuery
6 193 (22.84%) ASP.NET
7 192 (22.72%) HTML5
8 163 (19.29%) ASP.NET Web API
9 123 (14.56%) RESTful
10 122 (14.44%) Twitter Bootstrap
11 121 (14.32%) CSS3
11 121 (14.32%) Web Services
12 106 (12.54%) .NET Core
13 101 (11.95%) ASP.NET MVC
14 98 (11.60%) Node.js
15 91 (10.77%) Redux
16 76 (8.99%) .NET Framework
17 75 (8.88%) REST
18 71 (8.40%) Entity Framework
19 62 (7.34%) Sass
Miscellaneous
1 188 (22.25%) User Experience
2 78 (9.23%) Greenfield Project
3 48 (5.68%) Analytical Skills
4 41 (4.85%) Mobile App
5 39 (4.62%) N-Tier
6 34 (4.02%) Enterprise Software
7 33 (3.91%) Robotics
8 29 (3.43%) Algorithms
9 23 (2.72%) Data Structures
10 19 (2.25%) Equities
11 16 (1.89%) Self-Motivation
12 14 (1.66%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
13 11 (1.30%) Xbox
14 9 (1.07%) Derivative
14 9 (1.07%) Social Media
15 8 (0.95%) W3C
16 7 (0.83%) Hedge funds
16 7 (0.83%) iPad
17 6 (0.71%) iSeries
17 6 (0.71%) Smartphone
Operating Systems
1 63 (7.46%) Windows
2 34 (4.02%) Windows Server
3 26 (3.08%) Linux
4 25 (2.96%) Apple iOS
5 23 (2.72%) Android
6 8 (0.95%) Unix
7 4 (0.47%) Mac OS
7 4 (0.47%) Windows Server 2012
8 1 (0.12%) CentOS
8 1 (0.12%) Mac OS X
8 1 (0.12%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 1 (0.12%) Ubuntu
8 1 (0.12%) VMS
8 1 (0.12%) Windows 10
8 1 (0.12%) Windows 7
Processes & Methodologies
1 379 (44.85%) Agile Software Development
2 218 (25.80%) MVC
3 209 (24.73%) Front End Development
4 144 (17.04%) Software Engineering
5 141 (16.69%) TDD
6 140 (16.57%) Web Development
7 128 (15.15%) Scrum
8 127 (15.03%) Microservices
9 121 (14.32%) DevOps
10 115 (13.61%) Test Automation
11 99 (11.72%) Continuous Integration
12 95 (11.24%) Fintech
13 91 (10.77%) Analytics
14 83 (9.82%) Unit Testing
15 81 (9.59%) E-Commerce
16 73 (8.64%) OO
17 71 (8.40%) SDLC
18 65 (7.69%) Problem-Solving
19 60 (7.10%) Waterfall
20 54 (6.39%) SOA
Programming Languages
1 746 (88.28%) JavaScript
2 319 (37.75%) C#
3 282 (33.37%) SQL
4 137 (16.21%) Java
5 104 (12.31%) ES6
6 98 (11.60%) T-SQL
7 77 (9.11%) PHP
8 62 (7.34%) TypeScript
9 58 (6.86%) Python
10 32 (3.79%) Ruby
11 28 (3.31%) Java 8
12 15 (1.78%) VBA
13 13 (1.54%) VB.NET
14 11 (1.30%) ANSI SQL
14 11 (1.30%) PowerShell
15 9 (1.07%) Apex Code
15 9 (1.07%) C++
16 8 (0.95%) Scala
17 6 (0.71%) C
17 6 (0.71%) R
Qualifications
1 68 (8.05%) Degree
2 21 (2.49%) Computer Science Degree
3 13 (1.54%) Security Cleared
4 12 (1.42%) SC Cleared
5 11 (1.30%) PhD
6 7 (0.83%) Numerate Degree
7 4 (0.47%) Master's Degree
7 4 (0.47%) Microsoft Certification
8 3 (0.36%) MCSE
9 2 (0.24%) MCSA
9 2 (0.24%) MCSD
10 1 (0.12%) A+ Certification
10 1 (0.12%) CCNA
10 1 (0.12%) CISM
10 1 (0.12%) ISSMP
10 1 (0.12%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
10 1 (0.12%) MCITP
10 1 (0.12%) MCP
10 1 (0.12%) PMI Certification
10 1 (0.12%) PRINCE2 Practitioner
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 33 (3.91%) WAI
2 31 (3.67%) QA
3 3 (0.36%) WCAG
4 2 (0.24%) Data Quality
5 1 (0.12%) GDPR
5 1 (0.12%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 1 (0.12%) SLA
System Software
1 46 (5.44%) Docker
2 10 (1.18%) Active Directory
3 4 (0.47%) VMware Infrastructure
4 2 (0.24%) Varnish
Systems Management
1 25 (2.96%) Kubernetes
2 6 (0.71%) Ansible
2 6 (0.71%) Opscode Chef
3 4 (0.47%) Terraform
4 3 (0.36%) HP Quality Center
5 1 (0.12%) Kibana
5 1 (0.12%) logstash
5 1 (0.12%) Puppet
5 1 (0.12%) SCCM
5 1 (0.12%) TeamSite
Vendors
1 131 (15.50%) Microsoft
2 42 (4.97%) Adobe
3 34 (4.02%) Google
4 27 (3.20%) Nintex
5 20 (2.37%) Oracle
6 17 (2.01%) Salesforce.com
7 12 (1.42%) Fidessa
8 9 (1.07%) Sencha
9 8 (0.95%) Civica
9 8 (0.95%) IBM
9 8 (0.95%) Sitecore
10 7 (0.83%) Optimizely
11 6 (0.71%) Atlassian
11 6 (0.71%) Maxymiser
12 5 (0.59%) Apple
13 4 (0.47%) Splunk
13 4 (0.47%) Sun
13 4 (0.47%) UiPath
13 4 (0.47%) VMware
14 3 (0.36%) Rackspace