Period
to

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for CSS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited CSS over the 6 months to 1 July 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

CSS (Cascading Style Sheets)
Central London > City of London
6 months to
1 Jul 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 64 33 30
Rank change year-on-year -31 -3 -4
Permanent jobs citing CSS 356 396 452
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the City of London 4.42% 7.30% 7.46%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 14.09% 18.07% 19.27%
Number of salaries quoted 258 377 398
10th Percentile £38,000 £43,750 £42,500
25th Percentile £50,000 £53,750 £52,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £65,000 £70,000 £67,500
Median % change year-on-year -7.14% +3.70% +3.85%
75th Percentile £87,500 £83,750 £83,750
90th Percentile £102,500 £88,750 £95,000
Central London median annual salary £65,000 £67,500 £70,000
% change year-on-year -3.70% -3.57% +12.00%

CSS is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
City of London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 2,527 2,192 2,346
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the City of London 31.38% 40.43% 38.72%
Number of salaries quoted 2,032 2,021 2,081
10th Percentile £48,750 £46,250 £46,250
25th Percentile £60,000 £57,500 £55,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £77,500 £75,000 £70,000
Median % change year-on-year +3.33% +7.14% -
75th Percentile £100,000 £91,250 £85,000
90th Percentile £112,500 £107,500 £97,500
Central London median annual salary £77,500 £75,000 £70,000
% change year-on-year +3.33% +7.14% +3.70%

CSS
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing CSS as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for CSS in the City of London

CSS
Salary Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing CSS in the City of London.

Salary trend for CSS in the City of London

CSS
Salary Histogram in the City of London

Salary distribution for jobs citing CSS in the City of London over the 6 months to 1 July 2022.

Salary histogram for CSS in the City of London

For the 6 months to 1 July 2022, IT jobs citing CSS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for CSS.

1 315 (88.48%) HTML
2 264 (74.16%) JavaScript
3 204 (57.30%) React
4 179 (50.28%) .NET
5 147 (41.29%) Social Skills
6 145 (40.73%) C#
7 132 (37.08%) Azure
8 130 (36.52%) Git (software)
9 121 (33.99%) Agile
10 109 (30.62%) .NET Core
11 100 (28.09%) HTML5
12 98 (27.53%) AngularJS
13 97 (27.25%) SQL Server
14 93 (26.12%) Sass
14 93 (26.12%) DevOps
15 82 (23.03%) SQL
16 76 (21.35%) TypeScript
17 75 (21.07%) Software Engineering
17 75 (21.07%) jQuery
18 73 (20.51%) Greenfield Project
19 68 (19.10%) Unit Testing
20 66 (18.54%) MVC
21 62 (17.42%) Microsoft
21 62 (17.42%) User Experience
22 61 (17.13%) Full Stack Development
23 59 (16.57%) Twitter Bootstrap
24 56 (15.73%) Front End Development
25 53 (14.89%) Microservices
25 53 (14.89%) .NET Framework
26 52 (14.61%) Computer Science

CSS
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 31 (8.71%) Umbraco
2 29 (8.15%) CMS
3 22 (6.18%) WordPress
4 20 (5.62%) Apache
5 14 (3.93%) SharePoint
6 10 (2.81%) Moodle
6 10 (2.81%) Totara
7 7 (1.97%) Confluence
7 7 (1.97%) IIS
8 3 (0.84%) Tomcat
9 2 (0.56%) EPiServer
10 1 (0.28%) Adobe Experience Manager
10 1 (0.28%) Alfresco
10 1 (0.28%) Apache Solr
10 1 (0.28%) Appian
10 1 (0.28%) Drupal
10 1 (0.28%) Headless CMS
10 1 (0.28%) JBoss
10 1 (0.28%) Oracle Workflow
10 1 (0.28%) Sitecore CMS
Applications
1 9 (2.53%) Sketch
2 5 (1.40%) Microsoft Excel
3 3 (0.84%) Microsoft Office
4 1 (0.28%) Adobe Creative Suite
4 1 (0.28%) Adobe XD
4 1 (0.28%) InfoPath
4 1 (0.28%) Photoshop
Business Applications
1 5 (1.40%) Dynamics CRM
2 1 (0.28%) Payment Gateway
2 1 (0.28%) Remedy ITSM
Cloud Services
1 132 (37.08%) Azure
2 48 (13.48%) Azure DevOps
3 45 (12.64%) AWS
4 43 (12.08%) Serverless
5 42 (11.80%) Azure Functions
6 41 (11.52%) Azure Service Bus
7 28 (7.87%) npm
8 14 (3.93%) PaaS
9 11 (3.09%) SaaS
10 10 (2.81%) Figma
11 9 (2.53%) Miro
12 7 (1.97%) GitHub
13 6 (1.69%) IaaS
14 5 (1.40%) GCP
14 5 (1.40%) Microsoft 365
15 3 (0.84%) Azure Active Directory
15 3 (0.84%) Dynamics 365
15 3 (0.84%) Power Platform
15 3 (0.84%) PowerApps
16 2 (0.56%) Power Automate
Communications & Networking
1 11 (3.09%) Internet
2 8 (2.25%) SSL
3 6 (1.69%) Firewall
4 3 (0.84%) DNS
5 2 (0.56%) DHCP
5 2 (0.56%) HTTP
5 2 (0.56%) Network Security
5 2 (0.56%) TCP/IP
5 2 (0.56%) VoIP
6 1 (0.28%) Intranet
6 1 (0.28%) Skype
Database & Business Intelligence
1 97 (27.25%) SQL Server
2 28 (7.87%) MySQL
3 13 (3.65%) NoSQL
4 8 (2.25%) PostgreSQL
5 7 (1.97%) Azure SQL Database
6 6 (1.69%) Hadoop
6 6 (1.69%) Relational Database
7 3 (0.84%) SQL Server Integration Services
8 2 (0.56%) DB2
8 2 (0.56%) MongoDB
8 2 (0.56%) Power BI
8 2 (0.56%) RDBMS
8 2 (0.56%) Redis
8 2 (0.56%) SQL Server Reporting Services
9 1 (0.28%) Big Data
9 1 (0.28%) DynamoDB
9 1 (0.28%) Elasticsearch
9 1 (0.28%) MariaDB
9 1 (0.28%) Oracle Database
9 1 (0.28%) Oracle Reports
Development Applications
1 130 (36.52%) Git (software)
2 41 (11.52%) Team Foundation Server
3 32 (8.99%) JIRA
4 29 (8.15%) gulp
5 21 (5.90%) Grunt
6 13 (3.65%) webpack
7 12 (3.37%) Jenkins
8 11 (3.09%) NUnit
9 10 (2.81%) Plastic SCM
10 9 (2.53%) Cypress.io
10 9 (2.53%) Selenium
11 6 (1.69%) Moq
11 6 (1.69%) TeamCity
12 5 (1.40%) Jasmine
13 4 (1.12%) Maven
13 4 (1.12%) Storybook
14 3 (0.84%) Babel
14 3 (0.84%) Karma Test Runner
14 3 (0.84%) Protractor
14 3 (0.84%) Subversion
General
1 147 (41.29%) Social Skills
2 45 (12.64%) Finance
3 41 (11.52%) Analytical Skills
4 27 (7.58%) Advertising
5 24 (6.74%) Marketing
6 16 (4.49%) Inclusion and Diversity
6 16 (4.49%) Retail
7 15 (4.21%) Back Office
8 13 (3.65%) Public Sector
9 10 (2.81%) Banking
10 9 (2.53%) Local Government
11 5 (1.40%) Legal
12 4 (1.12%) Financial Institution
12 4 (1.12%) Games
12 4 (1.12%) Law
12 4 (1.12%) Publishing
13 3 (0.84%) Documentation Skills
13 3 (0.84%) Pharmaceutical
13 3 (0.84%) Tech for Good
14 2 (0.56%) Investment Banking
Job Titles
1 242 (67.98%) Developer
2 71 (19.94%) Senior Developer
3 59 (16.57%) Software Developer
4 44 (12.36%) Software Engineer
5 37 (10.39%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
5 37 (10.39%) PHP Developer
6 24 (6.74%) .NET Developer
7 21 (5.90%) Full Stack Developer
7 21 (5.90%) React Developer
8 20 (5.62%) Senior Software Developer
9 18 (5.06%) Designer
10 17 (4.78%) Junior
11 15 (4.21%) Graduate
11 15 (4.21%) Graduate Developer
11 15 (4.21%) Graduate Software Developer
12 14 (3.93%) Junior Developer
12 14 (3.93%) UI Developer
13 13 (3.65%) Junior Software Developer
13 13 (3.65%) Senior .NET Developer
14 11 (3.09%) JavaScript Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 315 (88.48%) HTML
2 204 (57.30%) React
3 179 (50.28%) .NET
4 109 (30.62%) .NET Core
5 100 (28.09%) HTML5
6 98 (27.53%) AngularJS
7 93 (26.12%) Sass
8 75 (21.07%) jQuery
9 59 (16.57%) Twitter Bootstrap
10 53 (14.89%) .NET Framework
11 47 (13.20%) ASP.NET
11 47 (13.20%) Entity Framework
12 40 (11.24%) Node.js
13 37 (10.39%) CSS3
14 34 (9.55%) REST
15 29 (8.15%) Semantic HTML
16 28 (7.87%) LESS
17 27 (7.58%) Vue.js
18 26 (7.30%) RESTful
19 25 (7.02%) Twig
Miscellaneous
1 73 (20.51%) Greenfield Project
2 62 (17.42%) User Experience
3 13 (3.65%) Graphic Design
4 11 (3.09%) NHS
5 10 (2.81%) Virtual Team
6 9 (2.53%) Mobile App
7 6 (1.69%) Self-Motivation
8 5 (1.40%) Enterprise Software
9 4 (1.12%) Data Centre
9 4 (1.12%) IoT
9 4 (1.12%) W3C
10 3 (0.84%) Data Structures
10 3 (0.84%) Reinsurance
10 3 (0.84%) SWIFT
11 2 (0.56%) Cyberattack
11 2 (0.56%) Cybercrime
11 2 (0.56%) PropTech
11 2 (0.56%) Reference Data
12 1 (0.28%) Legacy Systems
12 1 (0.28%) Low-Code
Operating Systems
1 49 (13.76%) Windows
2 47 (13.20%) Android
2 47 (13.20%) Apple iOS
3 32 (8.99%) Linux
4 3 (0.84%) Ubuntu
4 3 (0.84%) Unix
5 2 (0.56%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 2 (0.56%) Windows Server
6 1 (0.28%) Debian
6 1 (0.28%) FreeBSD
Processes & Methodologies
1 121 (33.99%) Agile
2 93 (26.12%) DevOps
3 75 (21.07%) Software Engineering
4 68 (19.10%) Unit Testing
5 66 (18.54%) MVC
6 61 (17.13%) Full Stack Development
7 56 (15.73%) Front End Development
8 53 (14.89%) Microservices
9 52 (14.61%) Computer Science
10 49 (13.76%) TDD
11 47 (13.20%) Multithreading
12 46 (12.92%) Multithreaded Programming
13 43 (12.08%) User Stories
14 42 (11.80%) Problem-Solving
15 41 (11.52%) Process Improvement
15 41 (11.52%) Product Roadmap
16 40 (11.24%) Artificial Intelligence
16 40 (11.24%) Dependency Injection
17 36 (10.11%) UX Design
18 35 (9.83%) CI/CD
Programming Languages
1 264 (74.16%) JavaScript
2 145 (40.73%) C#
3 82 (23.03%) SQL
4 76 (21.35%) TypeScript
5 49 (13.76%) PHP
6 41 (11.52%) Java
7 12 (3.37%) Python
8 11 (3.09%) ES6
9 6 (1.69%) C++
9 6 (1.69%) PowerShell
9 6 (1.69%) Ruby
9 6 (1.69%) T-SQL
10 5 (1.40%) Scala
11 4 (1.12%) Clojure
11 4 (1.12%) Kotlin
12 2 (0.56%) Groovy
12 2 (0.56%) PL/SQL
12 2 (0.56%) VBA
13 1 (0.28%) VB.NET
13 1 (0.28%) XAML
Qualifications
1 15 (4.21%) Security Cleared
2 14 (3.93%) Degree
3 6 (1.69%) Computer Science Degree
4 4 (1.12%) SC Cleared
5 2 (0.56%) DV Cleared
5 2 (0.56%) ITIL Certification
5 2 (0.56%) MCSE
5 2 (0.56%) Microsoft Certification
5 2 (0.56%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
6 1 (0.28%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
6 1 (0.28%) Master's Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 24 (6.74%) Accessibility
2 11 (3.09%) WCAG
3 7 (1.97%) QA
4 2 (0.56%) GDPR
System Software
1 29 (8.15%) Docker
2 4 (1.12%) Active Directory
3 2 (0.56%) VMware Infrastructure
Systems Management
1 43 (12.08%) Terraform
2 17 (4.78%) Kubernetes
3 2 (0.56%) Ansible
3 2 (0.56%) Puppet
3 2 (0.56%) Rundeck
3 2 (0.56%) Single Sign-On
4 1 (0.28%) Kibana
4 1 (0.28%) logstash
Vendors
1 62 (17.42%) Microsoft
2 40 (11.24%) Xamarin
3 23 (6.46%) Google
4 9 (2.53%) NEC
5 7 (1.97%) ServiceNow
6 5 (1.40%) Sitecore
7 3 (0.84%) Optimizely
7 3 (0.84%) Oracle
8 2 (0.56%) Adobe
8 2 (0.56%) Facebook
8 2 (0.56%) Percona
8 2 (0.56%) Perforce
8 2 (0.56%) VMware
9 1 (0.28%) Atlassian
9 1 (0.28%) Aveksa
9 1 (0.28%) Cadence
9 1 (0.28%) Intershop
9 1 (0.28%) OpenText
9 1 (0.28%) Remedy
9 1 (0.28%) Sony