Period
to 25 June 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for CSS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited CSS over the 6 months to 25 June 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

CSS (Cascading Style Sheets)
Central London > City of London
6 months to
25 Jun 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 32 29 25
Rank change year-on-year -3 -4 -7
Permanent jobs citing CSS 393 459 847
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the City of London 7.36% 7.52% 8.36%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 17.99% 19.30% 20.65%
Number of salaries quoted 368 407 740
10th Percentile £43,750 £42,500 £38,750
25th Percentile £53,750 £52,500 £50,938
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £70,000 £67,500 £65,000
Median % change year-on-year +3.70% +3.85% +8.33%
75th Percentile £83,750 £83,750 £78,750
90th Percentile £88,750 £95,000 £86,250
Central London median annual salary £67,500 £70,000 £62,500
% change year-on-year -3.57% +12.00% +8.70%

CSS is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
City of London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 2,184 2,378 4,101
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the City of London 40.90% 38.98% 40.48%
Number of salaries quoted 2,006 2,115 3,702
10th Percentile £46,250 £46,250 £42,500
25th Percentile £56,313 £55,000 £52,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £75,000 £70,000 £70,000
Median % change year-on-year +7.14% - +7.69%
75th Percentile £91,250 £85,000 £83,750
90th Percentile £108,125 £97,500 £95,000
Central London median annual salary £75,000 £70,000 £67,500
% change year-on-year +7.14% +3.70% +5.06%

CSS
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing CSS as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for CSS in the City of London

CSS
Salary Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing CSS in the City of London.

Salary trend for CSS in the City of London

CSS
Salary Histogram in the City of London

Salary distribution for jobs citing CSS in the City of London over the 6 months to 25 June 2021.

Salary histogram for CSS in the City of London

CSS
Job Locations in the City of London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing CSS within the City of London region over the 6 months to 25 June 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London Bridge - 2 £50,000 -
CSS
Central London

For the 6 months to 25 June 2021, IT jobs citing CSS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for CSS.

1 334 (84.99%) JavaScript
2 294 (74.81%) HTML
3 215 (54.71%) Agile Software Development
4 201 (51.15%) React
5 187 (47.58%) SQL
6 163 (41.48%) Azure
7 157 (39.95%) .NET
8 155 (39.44%) C#
9 131 (33.33%) Degree
10 130 (33.08%) OO
11 125 (31.81%) DevOps
12 124 (31.55%) AngularJS
13 122 (31.04%) jQuery
14 119 (30.28%) HTML5
15 115 (29.26%) Microservices
16 106 (26.97%) SQL Server
17 104 (26.46%) SharePoint
18 103 (26.21%) Finance
18 103 (26.21%) Twitter Bootstrap
19 102 (25.95%) MVC
20 100 (25.45%) CRM
21 96 (24.43%) Test Automation
22 92 (23.41%) Node.js
23 85 (21.63%) Web Services
24 78 (19.85%) Continuous Integration
24 78 (19.85%) TypeScript
25 77 (19.59%) .NET Framework
25 77 (19.59%) Dynamics CRM
26 75 (19.08%) SOLID
26 75 (19.08%) .NET Core

CSS
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 104 (26.46%) SharePoint
2 28 (7.12%) CMS
3 17 (4.33%) Apache Spark
3 17 (4.33%) Drupal
4 14 (3.56%) WordPress
5 9 (2.29%) EPiServer
6 8 (2.04%) Elasticsearch
7 7 (1.78%) Apache Solr
7 7 (1.78%) Confluence
8 5 (1.27%) Apache
8 5 (1.27%) Moodle
9 4 (1.02%) Adobe Experience Manager
10 2 (0.51%) Cloud Foundry
10 2 (0.51%) Mendix
11 1 (0.25%) Headless CMS
11 1 (0.25%) IIS
11 1 (0.25%) nginx
11 1 (0.25%) Oracle SOA Suite
11 1 (0.25%) Umbraco
Applications
1 8 (2.04%) InVision
1 8 (2.04%) Sketch
2 5 (1.27%) Adobe Illustrator
3 4 (1.02%) Photoshop
4 3 (0.76%) UXPin
5 2 (0.51%) Microsoft Office
6 1 (0.25%) Adobe Premiere
6 1 (0.25%) Adobe XD
6 1 (0.25%) OmniGraffle
Business Applications
1 77 (19.59%) Dynamics CRM
2 6 (1.53%) Shopify
3 1 (0.25%) Magento
3 1 (0.25%) nopCommerce
3 1 (0.25%) Payment Gateway
3 1 (0.25%) SAP Hybris
3 1 (0.25%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
Cloud Services
1 163 (41.48%) Azure
2 68 (17.30%) PaaS
3 59 (15.01%) AWS
4 55 (13.99%) Azure Key Vault
5 54 (13.74%) Power Platform
6 53 (13.49%) Azure Active Directory
6 53 (13.49%) Azure Service Bus
7 52 (13.23%) Azure App Service
7 52 (13.23%) Azure Service Fabric
7 52 (13.23%) Azure Storage
8 41 (10.43%) PowerApps
9 34 (8.65%) SaaS
10 31 (7.89%) Dynamics 365
11 21 (5.34%) Microsoft 365
12 20 (5.09%) Power Automate
12 20 (5.09%) Serverless
13 19 (4.83%) Azure Logic Apps
14 18 (4.58%) Azure Functions
15 13 (3.31%) GitHub
16 7 (1.78%) Veeva
Communications & Networking
1 16 (4.07%) Extranet
2 3 (0.76%) HTTP
3 1 (0.25%) FTP
3 1 (0.25%) Internet
3 1 (0.25%) SSH
Database & Business Intelligence
1 106 (26.97%) SQL Server
2 30 (7.63%) MySQL
2 30 (7.63%) NoSQL
3 25 (6.36%) SQL Server Integration Services
4 22 (5.60%) Big Data
4 22 (5.60%) Power BI
4 22 (5.60%) SQL Server Reporting Services
5 21 (5.34%) Azure SQL Database
6 17 (4.33%) Apache Hive
6 17 (4.33%) Hadoop
7 15 (3.82%) MongoDB
7 15 (3.82%) PostgreSQL
7 15 (3.82%) Relational Database
8 8 (2.04%) Redis
9 7 (1.78%) Data Lake
10 3 (0.76%) Crystal Reports
11 2 (0.51%) Amazon RDS
11 2 (0.51%) SQL Server 2012
11 2 (0.51%) Tableau
12 1 (0.25%) Couchbase
Development Applications
1 64 (16.28%) Visual Studio Team System
2 62 (15.78%) Team Foundation Server
3 52 (13.23%) Git (software)
4 38 (9.67%) Visual Studio
5 16 (4.07%) JIRA
6 15 (3.82%) webpack
7 12 (3.05%) Selenium
8 10 (2.54%) Jenkins
9 8 (2.04%) Grunt
10 6 (1.53%) Jasmine
11 5 (1.27%) Cypress.io
12 4 (1.02%) Karma Test Runner
12 4 (1.02%) Moq
12 4 (1.02%) NUnit
12 4 (1.02%) Subversion
12 4 (1.02%) Travis CI
13 3 (0.76%) gulp
13 3 (0.76%) Protractor
13 3 (0.76%) SpecFlow
13 3 (0.76%) WebDriver
General
1 103 (26.21%) Finance
2 70 (17.81%) Social Skills
3 43 (10.94%) Analytical Skills
4 39 (9.92%) Marketing
5 32 (8.14%) Banking
6 21 (5.34%) Private Banking
7 7 (1.78%) Online Betting
8 5 (1.27%) Investment Banking
8 5 (1.27%) Law
8 5 (1.27%) Organisational Skills
8 5 (1.27%) Publishing
8 5 (1.27%) Telecoms
9 4 (1.02%) Back Office
9 4 (1.02%) Public Sector
9 4 (1.02%) Retail
10 3 (0.76%) Advertising
11 2 (0.51%) Presentation Skills
12 1 (0.25%) Front Office
12 1 (0.25%) Games
12 1 (0.25%) Manufacturing
Job Titles
1 293 (74.55%) Developer
2 92 (23.41%) Senior Developer
3 84 (21.37%) C# Developer
4 58 (14.76%) Azure Developer
5 57 (14.50%) .NET Developer
6 53 (13.49%) Full Stack Developer
7 49 (12.47%) C# .NET Developer
8 46 (11.70%) Senior C# Developer
9 42 (10.69%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
10 31 (7.89%) Senior .NET Developer
11 30 (7.63%) ASP.NET MVC Developer
12 29 (7.38%) React Developer
12 29 (7.38%) Senior C# .NET Developer
13 28 (7.12%) Angular Developer
14 27 (6.87%) Java Developer
15 25 (6.36%) SQL Developer
16 24 (6.11%) Senior SQL Developer
17 23 (5.85%) Consultant
18 22 (5.60%) Software Developer
19 21 (5.34%) Technical Consultant
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 294 (74.81%) HTML
2 201 (51.15%) React
3 157 (39.95%) .NET
4 124 (31.55%) AngularJS
5 122 (31.04%) jQuery
6 119 (30.28%) HTML5
7 103 (26.21%) Twitter Bootstrap
8 92 (23.41%) Node.js
9 85 (21.63%) Web Services
10 77 (19.59%) .NET Framework
11 75 (19.08%) .NET Core
12 73 (18.58%) ASP.NET Web API
13 69 (17.56%) CSS3
14 66 (16.79%) Entity Framework
15 51 (12.98%) ASP.NET
16 46 (11.70%) XML
17 43 (10.94%) Sass
18 41 (10.43%) Vue.js
19 28 (7.12%) RESTful
20 27 (6.87%) JSON
Miscellaneous
1 62 (15.78%) N-Tier
2 49 (12.47%) User Experience
3 27 (6.87%) Reinsurance
4 19 (4.83%) Enterprise Software
5 16 (4.07%) Greenfield Project
6 13 (3.31%) Mobile App
7 12 (3.05%) Virtual Team
8 11 (2.80%) Social Media
9 7 (1.78%) Life Science
10 5 (1.27%) Algorithms
10 5 (1.27%) Blog
10 5 (1.27%) Data Structures
11 4 (1.02%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
11 4 (1.02%) Self-Motivation
12 3 (0.76%) Data Centre
12 3 (0.76%) W3C
13 2 (0.51%) Housing Association
14 1 (0.25%) Anti-Piracy
14 1 (0.25%) Biotechnology
14 1 (0.25%) Digital Media
Operating Systems
1 9 (2.29%) Linux
2 8 (2.04%) Windows
3 3 (0.76%) Android
3 3 (0.76%) Apple iOS
3 3 (0.76%) Windows Server
3 3 (0.76%) Windows Server 2019
Processes & Methodologies
1 215 (54.71%) Agile Software Development
2 130 (33.08%) OO
3 125 (31.81%) DevOps
4 115 (29.26%) Microservices
5 102 (25.95%) MVC
6 100 (25.45%) CRM
7 96 (24.43%) Test Automation
8 78 (19.85%) Continuous Integration
9 75 (19.08%) SOLID
10 66 (16.79%) Deployment Automation
10 66 (16.79%) SOA
11 65 (16.54%) Web Development
12 61 (15.52%) Computer Science
13 60 (15.27%) Mentoring
14 59 (15.01%) UML
15 57 (14.50%) Don't repeat yourself (DRY)
16 54 (13.74%) Front End Development
17 46 (11.70%) Migration
18 45 (11.45%) Scrum
18 45 (11.45%) Software Engineering
Programming Languages
1 334 (84.99%) JavaScript
2 187 (47.58%) SQL
3 155 (39.44%) C#
4 78 (19.85%) TypeScript
5 68 (17.30%) T-SQL
6 59 (15.01%) PowerShell
7 57 (14.50%) Java
8 51 (12.98%) PHP
9 39 (9.92%) ES6
10 37 (9.41%) Python
11 21 (5.34%) Scala
12 20 (5.09%) Kotlin
13 9 (2.29%) ES7
14 8 (2.04%) Ruby
15 7 (1.78%) Java 8
16 5 (1.27%) R
17 4 (1.02%) Bash Shell
18 3 (0.76%) C++
19 2 (0.51%) PHP 5
19 2 (0.51%) VB.NET
Qualifications
1 131 (33.33%) Degree
2 52 (13.23%) Computer Science Degree
3 10 (2.54%) SC Cleared
3 10 (2.54%) Security Cleared
4 8 (2.04%) DV Cleared
5 6 (1.53%) CIW
5 6 (1.53%) OCA
5 6 (1.53%) OCAJ
5 6 (1.53%) Oracle Certification
6 4 (1.02%) SANS
7 2 (0.51%) Numerate Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 16 (4.07%) QA
2 14 (3.56%) Accessibility
3 3 (0.76%) WCAG
System Software
1 59 (15.01%) Docker
2 4 (1.02%) Active Directory
3 3 (0.76%) Hyper-V
Systems Management
1 58 (14.76%) Terraform
2 57 (14.50%) Opscode Chef
3 40 (10.18%) Kubernetes
4 1 (0.25%) MIIS
Vendors
1 57 (14.50%) Microsoft
2 54 (13.74%) Nintex
3 17 (4.33%) Workday
4 9 (2.29%) Google
4 9 (2.29%) Oracle
5 7 (1.78%) Adobe
5 7 (1.78%) Sitecore
6 6 (1.53%) Databricks
7 5 (1.27%) Salesforce.com
8 2 (0.51%) Atlassian
8 2 (0.51%) DevExpress
8 2 (0.51%) SAP
8 2 (0.51%) ServiceNow
8 2 (0.51%) Zend
9 1 (0.25%) Conga
9 1 (0.25%) Foundry
9 1 (0.25%) hybris
9 1 (0.25%) New Relic
9 1 (0.25%) Palantir
9 1 (0.25%) Remedy