Period
to 10 August 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for CSS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited CSS over the 6 months to 10 August 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

CSS (Cascading Style Sheets)
Central London > City of London
6 months to
10 Aug 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 27 28 16
Rank change year-on-year +1 -12 +1
Permanent jobs citing CSS 370 810 1,163
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the City of London 7.41% 7.93% 10.58%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 18.36% 20.13% 25.80%
Number of salaries quoted 326 763 1,097
Median annual salary £62,500 £65,000 £60,000
Median salary % change year-on-year -3.85% +8.33% +9.09%
10th Percentile £42,500 £42,500 £37,500
90th Percentile £93,750 £87,500 £85,000
Central London median annual salary £67,500 £62,500 £60,000
% change year-on-year +8.00% +4.17% +9.09%

CSS is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
City of London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 2,015 4,023 4,507
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the City of London 40.36% 39.37% 40.99%
Number of salaries quoted 1,760 3,626 4,082
Median annual salary £70,000 £70,000 £65,000
Median salary % change year-on-year - +7.69% +8.33%
10th Percentile £46,200 £45,000 £41,250
90th Percentile £97,500 £95,000 £93,750
Central London median annual salary £70,000 £70,000 £65,000
% change year-on-year - +7.69% +8.33%

CSS
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing CSS as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for CSS in the City of London

CSS
Salary Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing CSS in the City of London.

Salary trend for CSS in the City of London

CSS
Salary Histogram in the City of London

Salary distribution for jobs citing CSS in the City of London over the 6 months to 10 August 2020.

Salary histogram for CSS in the City of London

For the 6 months to 10 August 2020, IT jobs citing CSS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for CSS.

1 345 (93.24%) HTML
2 305 (82.43%) JavaScript
3 182 (49.19%) Agile Software Development
4 163 (44.05%) AngularJS
5 141 (38.11%) HTML5
6 128 (34.59%) Finance
7 123 (33.24%) React
8 111 (30.00%) .NET
9 100 (27.03%) TDD
10 91 (24.59%) Front End Development
11 81 (21.89%) C#
12 80 (21.62%) PHP
13 79 (21.35%) Sass
14 78 (21.08%) Web Development
15 75 (20.27%) CSS3
16 74 (20.00%) Azure
16 74 (20.00%) User Experience
17 73 (19.73%) SQL
18 72 (19.46%) Git (software)
19 69 (18.65%) TypeScript
20 68 (18.38%) Scrum
21 65 (17.57%) AWS
22 64 (17.30%) DevOps
23 61 (16.49%) jQuery
24 59 (15.95%) MVC
25 58 (15.68%) Node.js
26 55 (14.86%) SQL Server
27 51 (13.78%) REST
28 50 (13.51%) Vue.js
28 50 (13.51%) Redux

CSS
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 16 (4.32%) Moodle
2 11 (2.97%) CMS
3 9 (2.43%) WordPress
4 8 (2.16%) Apache Spark
4 8 (2.16%) Elasticsearch
5 6 (1.62%) Sitecore CMS
6 5 (1.35%) MQSeries
7 4 (1.08%) SharePoint
7 4 (1.08%) Umbraco
8 3 (0.81%) Adobe Experience Manager
8 3 (0.81%) Apache
8 3 (0.81%) Confluence
8 3 (0.81%) Drupal
8 3 (0.81%) EPiServer
8 3 (0.81%) IIS
9 1 (0.27%) Appian
9 1 (0.27%) BizTalk Server
9 1 (0.27%) Exchange Server 2013
9 1 (0.27%) SharePoint 2013
9 1 (0.27%) uWSGI
Applications
1 17 (4.59%) Figma
2 14 (3.78%) Sketch
3 12 (3.24%) Zeplin
4 11 (2.97%) InVision
5 10 (2.70%) Adobe Illustrator
6 8 (2.16%) Microsoft Excel
7 6 (1.62%) Photoshop
8 1 (0.27%) Adobe Creative Suite
8 1 (0.27%) InDesign
8 1 (0.27%) Microsoft PowerPoint
Business Applications
1 23 (6.22%) Dynamics CRM
2 7 (1.89%) Magento
3 3 (0.81%) Shopify
4 1 (0.27%) Dynamics AX
4 1 (0.27%) Payment Gateway
Cloud Services
1 74 (20.00%) Azure
2 65 (17.57%) AWS
3 40 (10.81%) SaaS
4 20 (5.41%) GCP
5 16 (4.32%) npm
6 11 (2.97%) Google Analytics
7 9 (2.43%) Amazon EC2
8 8 (2.16%) Dynamics 365
9 6 (1.62%) AWS Lambda
9 6 (1.62%) Serverless
10 5 (1.35%) Office 365
10 5 (1.35%) Power Platform
11 4 (1.08%) BrowserStack
11 4 (1.08%) GitHub
12 3 (0.81%) Firebase
13 2 (0.54%) Cloud Computing
13 2 (0.54%) Cloudflare
13 2 (0.54%) MailChimp
14 1 (0.27%) Azure Active Directory
14 1 (0.27%) PaaS
Communications & Networking
1 5 (1.35%) Intranet
2 4 (1.08%) Internet
3 2 (0.54%) HTTP
3 2 (0.54%) Skype
4 1 (0.27%) TCP/IP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 55 (14.86%) SQL Server
2 38 (10.27%) MySQL
3 26 (7.03%) NoSQL
4 17 (4.59%) Big Data
5 16 (4.32%) MongoDB
5 16 (4.32%) PostgreSQL
6 15 (4.05%) SQL Server Integration Services
7 10 (2.70%) Amazon RDS
7 10 (2.70%) Relational Database
8 9 (2.43%) SQL Server Reporting Services
9 8 (2.16%) Hadoop
10 7 (1.89%) RDBMS
11 6 (1.62%) SQL Server 2012
12 5 (1.35%) Apache Hive
13 4 (1.08%) MariaDB
13 4 (1.08%) SQL Server 2008
14 3 (0.81%) Amazon DynamoDB
14 3 (0.81%) BigQuery
14 3 (0.81%) Cosmos DB
14 3 (0.81%) Power BI
Development Applications
1 72 (19.46%) Git (software)
2 30 (8.11%) Jenkins
3 17 (4.59%) webpack
4 15 (4.05%) JIRA
5 14 (3.78%) Visual Studio
6 13 (3.51%) gulp
7 10 (2.70%) Grunt
7 10 (2.70%) MSTest
7 10 (2.70%) NUnit
8 8 (2.16%) Cypress.io
8 8 (2.16%) GitLab
8 8 (2.16%) Protractor
9 7 (1.89%) Bower
9 7 (1.89%) Selenium
10 6 (1.62%) Jasmine
11 5 (1.35%) PhpStorm
12 4 (1.08%) Babel
12 4 (1.08%) Mocha
12 4 (1.08%) Team Foundation Server
13 2 (0.54%) Balsamiq
General
1 128 (34.59%) Finance
2 33 (8.92%) Marketing
3 21 (5.68%) Banking
4 16 (4.32%) Back Office
5 13 (3.51%) Law
6 7 (1.89%) Financial Institution
6 7 (1.89%) Games
6 7 (1.89%) Investment Banking
6 7 (1.89%) Legal
6 7 (1.89%) Private Banking
6 7 (1.89%) Retail
7 5 (1.35%) Front Office
8 4 (1.08%) Advertising
8 4 (1.08%) Retail Banking
9 2 (0.54%) Manufacturing
10 1 (0.27%) Electronics
10 1 (0.27%) Public Sector
10 1 (0.27%) Publishing
10 1 (0.27%) Telecoms
Job Titles
1 259 (70.00%) Developer
2 71 (19.19%) Full Stack Developer
3 68 (18.38%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
4 51 (13.78%) Senior Developer
5 48 (12.97%) React Developer
6 46 (12.43%) PHP Developer
7 39 (10.54%) .NET Developer
8 35 (9.46%) JavaScript Developer
9 29 (7.84%) C# Developer
10 21 (5.68%) Angular Developer
11 18 (4.86%) Web Developer
12 17 (4.59%) Architect
12 17 (4.59%) Java Developer
13 15 (4.05%) Designer
13 15 (4.05%) Moodle Developer
13 15 (4.05%) Software Engineer
14 14 (3.78%) C# .NET Developer
14 14 (3.78%) Python Developer
15 13 (3.51%) Senior .NET Developer
16 12 (3.24%) UI Designer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 345 (93.24%) HTML
2 163 (44.05%) AngularJS
3 141 (38.11%) HTML5
4 123 (33.24%) React
5 111 (30.00%) .NET
6 79 (21.35%) Sass
7 75 (20.27%) CSS3
8 61 (16.49%) jQuery
9 58 (15.68%) Node.js
10 51 (13.78%) REST
11 50 (13.51%) Redux
11 50 (13.51%) Vue.js
12 45 (12.16%) ASP.NET
13 43 (11.62%) LESS
14 39 (10.54%) Twitter Bootstrap
15 35 (9.46%) Web Services
16 34 (9.19%) .NET Framework
17 28 (7.57%) .NET Core
17 28 (7.57%) ASP.NET Web API
18 26 (7.03%) RESTful
Miscellaneous
1 74 (20.00%) User Experience
2 28 (7.57%) Greenfield Project
3 24 (6.49%) Analytical Skills
4 19 (5.14%) e-Learning
5 18 (4.86%) Enterprise Software
6 13 (3.51%) Mobile App
6 13 (3.51%) Self-Motivation
7 9 (2.43%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
7 9 (2.43%) SCORM
8 5 (1.35%) W3C
9 4 (1.08%) Derivative
9 4 (1.08%) Fixed Income
10 3 (0.81%) Social Media
11 2 (0.54%) Blog
11 2 (0.54%) Clustering
11 2 (0.54%) Graphic Design
11 2 (0.54%) Hybrid Cloud
12 1 (0.27%) Data Structures
12 1 (0.27%) Equities
12 1 (0.27%) Media Streaming
Operating Systems
1 23 (6.22%) Linux
2 11 (2.97%) Windows
3 9 (2.43%) Unix
4 3 (0.81%) Android
4 3 (0.81%) Apple iOS
5 1 (0.27%) Ubuntu
5 1 (0.27%) VMS
5 1 (0.27%) Windows 7
5 1 (0.27%) Windows Server
5 1 (0.27%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 182 (49.19%) Agile Software Development
2 100 (27.03%) TDD
3 91 (24.59%) Front End Development
4 78 (21.08%) Web Development
5 68 (18.38%) Scrum
6 64 (17.30%) DevOps
7 59 (15.95%) MVC
8 49 (13.24%) OO
9 45 (12.16%) Microservices
10 44 (11.89%) Fintech
11 34 (9.19%) Test Automation
12 33 (8.92%) Kanban
13 31 (8.38%) Continuous Integration
13 31 (8.38%) Problem-Solving
14 30 (8.11%) Analytics
15 28 (7.57%) Software Engineering
16 25 (6.76%) SDLC
17 24 (6.49%) Computer Science
17 24 (6.49%) CRM
18 21 (5.68%) E-Commerce
Programming Languages
1 305 (82.43%) JavaScript
2 81 (21.89%) C#
3 80 (21.62%) PHP
4 73 (19.73%) SQL
5 69 (18.65%) TypeScript
6 47 (12.70%) Python
7 46 (12.43%) ES6
8 35 (9.46%) Java
9 16 (4.32%) T-SQL
10 13 (3.51%) Go
11 9 (2.43%) C
12 7 (1.89%) Ruby
13 6 (1.62%) Kotlin
14 5 (1.35%) C++
14 5 (1.35%) F#
14 5 (1.35%) PowerShell
14 5 (1.35%) Scala
14 5 (1.35%) VBScript
15 4 (1.08%) PL/SQL
15 4 (1.08%) VBA
Qualifications
1 41 (11.08%) Degree
2 22 (5.95%) Computer Science Degree
3 2 (0.54%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
3 2 (0.54%) Security Cleared
4 1 (0.27%) DV Cleared
4 1 (0.27%) Numerate Degree
4 1 (0.27%) SC Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 10 (2.70%) QA
2 1 (0.27%) MiFID
System Software
1 46 (12.43%) Docker
2 3 (0.81%) Active Directory
Systems Management
1 18 (4.86%) Kubernetes
2 4 (1.08%) Kibana
3 1 (0.27%) Microsoft Clustering
3 1 (0.27%) MIIS
3 1 (0.27%) Rancher
3 1 (0.27%) Terraform
Vendors
1 47 (12.70%) Microsoft
2 24 (6.49%) Google
3 11 (2.97%) Twitter
4 8 (2.16%) Adobe
4 8 (2.16%) Oracle
4 8 (2.16%) Salesforce.com
4 8 (2.16%) TIBCO
5 6 (1.62%) Apple
5 6 (1.62%) Sitecore
6 2 (0.54%) Tableau
6 2 (0.54%) Zend
7 1 (0.27%) Atlassian
7 1 (0.27%) Foundry
7 1 (0.27%) HubSpot
7 1 (0.27%) Nintex
7 1 (0.27%) OutSystems
7 1 (0.27%) Salesforce Marketing Cloud
7 1 (0.27%) SAP
7 1 (0.27%) WooCommerce