Period
to 19 October 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for CSS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited CSS over the 6 months to 19 October 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

CSS (Cascading Style Sheets)
Central London > City of London
6 months to
19 Oct 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 40 28 30
Rank change year-on-year -12 +2 -10
Permanent jobs citing CSS 356 290 783
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the City of London 5.98% 8.02% 7.86%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 14.84% 18.37% 20.31%
Number of salaries quoted 319 243 682
10th Percentile £44,750 £45,000 £42,500
25th Percentile £53,750 £52,500 £52,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £70,000 £65,000 £65,000
Median % change year-on-year +7.69% - +4.00%
75th Percentile £87,500 £80,000 £78,750
90th Percentile £97,500 £96,250 £86,250
Central London median annual salary £70,000 £67,500 £65,000
% change year-on-year +3.70% +3.85% +8.33%

CSS is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
City of London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 2,399 1,579 3,855
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the City of London 40.27% 43.68% 38.72%
Number of salaries quoted 2,163 1,400 3,491
10th Percentile £48,750 £47,500 £45,000
25th Percentile £57,500 £57,500 £55,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £75,000 £70,000 £70,000
Median % change year-on-year +7.14% - +7.69%
75th Percentile £95,000 £87,500 £85,000
90th Percentile £110,000 £103,750 £95,000
Central London median annual salary £75,000 £70,000 £70,000
% change year-on-year +7.14% - +7.69%

CSS
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing CSS as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for CSS in the City of London

CSS
Salary Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing CSS in the City of London.

Salary trend for CSS in the City of London

CSS
Salary Histogram in the City of London

Salary distribution for jobs citing CSS in the City of London over the 6 months to 19 October 2021.

Salary histogram for CSS in the City of London

For the 6 months to 19 October 2021, IT jobs citing CSS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for CSS.

1 304 (85.39%) HTML
2 281 (78.93%) JavaScript
3 162 (45.51%) React
4 152 (42.70%) Agile Software Development
5 137 (38.48%) C#
5 137 (38.48%) HTML5
6 121 (33.99%) .NET
7 112 (31.46%) Azure
8 109 (30.62%) AngularJS
9 106 (29.78%) SQL
10 98 (27.53%) Finance
11 96 (26.97%) Node.js
12 94 (26.40%) SQL Server
13 89 (25.00%) Social Skills
14 76 (21.35%) Full Stack Development
15 75 (21.07%) MVC
16 74 (20.79%) Web Services
17 73 (20.51%) Docker
18 71 (19.94%) DevOps
19 70 (19.66%) TDD
20 69 (19.38%) User Experience
21 68 (19.10%) Front End Development
22 66 (18.54%) CSS3
23 65 (18.26%) AWS
24 64 (17.98%) jQuery
25 63 (17.70%) Vue.js
26 59 (16.57%) Computer Science
27 58 (16.29%) .NET Core
28 57 (16.01%) TypeScript
29 56 (15.73%) Software Engineering

CSS
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 27 (7.58%) SharePoint
2 25 (7.02%) CMS
3 15 (4.21%) Apache Solr
3 15 (4.21%) Drupal
4 11 (3.09%) Elasticsearch
4 11 (3.09%) WordPress
5 6 (1.69%) EPiServer
6 5 (1.40%) Confluence
6 5 (1.40%) Moodle
7 4 (1.12%) Adobe Experience Manager
7 4 (1.12%) Apache Spark
7 4 (1.12%) nginx
8 1 (0.28%) Apache
8 1 (0.28%) Cloud Foundry
8 1 (0.28%) Headless CMS
Applications
1 6 (1.69%) Adobe Illustrator
1 6 (1.69%) Microsoft Office
1 6 (1.69%) Photoshop
2 5 (1.40%) Sketch
3 3 (0.84%) Adobe After Effects
3 3 (0.84%) Adobe Creative Suite
3 3 (0.84%) Adobe Premiere
3 3 (0.84%) InDesign
3 3 (0.84%) InVision
3 3 (0.84%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 3 (0.84%) UXPin
4 2 (0.56%) Chatbot
4 2 (0.56%) Figma
5 1 (0.28%) UserZoom
Business Applications
1 7 (1.97%) Dynamics CRM
2 4 (1.12%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
3 3 (0.84%) Shopify
4 1 (0.28%) Magento
4 1 (0.28%) nopCommerce
4 1 (0.28%) Payment Gateway
4 1 (0.28%) SAP Hybris
Cloud Services
1 112 (31.46%) Azure
2 65 (18.26%) AWS
3 36 (10.11%) SaaS
4 27 (7.58%) PaaS
5 19 (5.34%) npm
6 16 (4.49%) Azure Service Bus
6 16 (4.49%) Power Platform
7 15 (4.21%) Serverless
8 14 (3.93%) Azure Key Vault
8 14 (3.93%) PowerApps
9 13 (3.65%) AWS CloudFormation
9 13 (3.65%) Microsoft 365
10 12 (3.37%) GitHub
10 12 (3.37%) Power Automate
11 11 (3.09%) Azure Logic Apps
12 10 (2.81%) Azure Storage
13 9 (2.53%) AWS Lambda
14 8 (2.25%) Azure Active Directory
14 8 (2.25%) Azure App Service
14 8 (2.25%) Azure Service Fabric
Communications & Networking
1 11 (3.09%) Extranet
2 3 (0.84%) Internet
3 1 (0.28%) DNS
3 1 (0.28%) Firewall
3 1 (0.28%) HTTP
3 1 (0.28%) TCP/IP
3 1 (0.28%) VoIP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 94 (26.40%) SQL Server
2 28 (7.87%) MySQL
3 21 (5.90%) NoSQL
4 19 (5.34%) MongoDB
5 17 (4.78%) Azure SQL Database
6 16 (4.49%) PostgreSQL
7 15 (4.21%) Redis
8 14 (3.93%) Power BI
9 8 (2.25%) Relational Database
10 6 (1.69%) Hadoop
11 4 (1.12%) Apache Hive
11 4 (1.12%) Big Data
11 4 (1.12%) Couchbase
12 3 (0.84%) SQL Server Integration Services
12 3 (0.84%) SQL Server Reporting Services
13 2 (0.56%) Tableau
14 1 (0.28%) Amazon DynamoDB
14 1 (0.28%) Amazon RDS
14 1 (0.28%) RDBMS
14 1 (0.28%) SQL Server Analysis Services
Development Applications
1 56 (15.73%) Git (software)
2 36 (10.11%) webpack
3 19 (5.34%) Team Foundation Server
4 18 (5.06%) Grunt
5 15 (4.21%) Jenkins
5 15 (4.21%) Visual Studio Team System
6 13 (3.65%) Bower
7 12 (3.37%) JIRA
7 12 (3.37%) Visual Studio
8 10 (2.81%) Cypress.io
9 8 (2.25%) Jasmine
10 7 (1.97%) Mocha
11 6 (1.69%) Selenium
12 5 (1.40%) NUnit
13 4 (1.12%) GitLab
14 3 (0.84%) Moq
14 3 (0.84%) Subversion
15 2 (0.56%) Cucumber
15 2 (0.56%) Maven
15 2 (0.56%) SpecFlow
General
1 98 (27.53%) Finance
2 89 (25.00%) Social Skills
3 37 (10.39%) Marketing
4 16 (4.49%) Banking
5 11 (3.09%) Pharmaceutical
6 9 (2.53%) Analytical Skills
7 8 (2.25%) Advertising
8 7 (1.97%) Investment Banking
8 7 (1.97%) Public Sector
9 6 (1.69%) Electronics
9 6 (1.69%) Manufacturing
9 6 (1.69%) Telecoms
10 5 (1.40%) Presentation Skills
11 4 (1.12%) Publishing
11 4 (1.12%) Retail
12 3 (0.84%) Automotive
12 3 (0.84%) Front Office
13 2 (0.56%) Legal
13 2 (0.56%) Organisational Skills
14 1 (0.28%) Wearables
Job Titles
1 290 (81.46%) Developer
2 92 (25.84%) Senior Developer
3 55 (15.45%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
4 46 (12.92%) Software Developer
5 38 (10.67%) Lead Developer
6 37 (10.39%) .NET Developer
7 34 (9.55%) C# Developer
7 34 (9.55%) Full Stack Developer
8 32 (8.99%) Angular Developer
9 28 (7.87%) React Developer
10 27 (7.58%) PHP Developer
11 26 (7.30%) C# .NET Developer
12 22 (6.18%) Senior Software Developer
13 17 (4.78%) JavaScript Developer
14 16 (4.49%) Azure Developer
14 16 (4.49%) Senior Front-End Developer
15 14 (3.93%) Lead PHP Developer
15 14 (3.93%) Senior .NET Developer
16 13 (3.65%) Web Developer
17 12 (3.37%) Senior C# Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 304 (85.39%) HTML
2 162 (45.51%) React
3 137 (38.48%) HTML5
4 121 (33.99%) .NET
5 109 (30.62%) AngularJS
6 96 (26.97%) Node.js
7 74 (20.79%) Web Services
8 66 (18.54%) CSS3
9 64 (17.98%) jQuery
10 63 (17.70%) Vue.js
11 58 (16.29%) .NET Core
12 54 (15.17%) Sass
13 46 (12.92%) ASP.NET
14 40 (11.24%) ASP.NET Web API
15 39 (10.96%) .NET Framework
15 39 (10.96%) Twitter Bootstrap
16 35 (9.83%) Express
17 27 (7.58%) Entity Framework
17 27 (7.58%) LESS
18 24 (6.74%) JSON
Miscellaneous
1 69 (19.38%) User Experience
2 51 (14.33%) Greenfield Project
3 22 (6.18%) Enterprise Software
4 21 (5.90%) N-Tier
5 16 (4.49%) Mobile App
6 8 (2.25%) Life Science
7 5 (1.40%) Social Media
7 5 (1.40%) Virtual Team
8 4 (1.12%) Biotechnology
9 3 (0.84%) Animation
9 3 (0.84%) Data Centre
9 3 (0.84%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
9 3 (0.84%) Self-Motivation
10 2 (0.56%) Data Structures
10 2 (0.56%) Legacy Systems
10 2 (0.56%) W3C
11 1 (0.28%) Algorithms
11 1 (0.28%) Management Information System
11 1 (0.28%) Robotics
11 1 (0.28%) Spread Betting
Operating Systems
1 48 (13.48%) Windows
2 8 (2.25%) Linux
3 4 (1.12%) Windows Server
3 4 (1.12%) Windows Server 2019
4 2 (0.56%) Apple iOS
5 1 (0.28%) Android
Processes & Methodologies
1 152 (42.70%) Agile Software Development
2 76 (21.35%) Full Stack Development
3 75 (21.07%) MVC
4 71 (19.94%) DevOps
5 70 (19.66%) TDD
6 68 (19.10%) Front End Development
7 59 (16.57%) Computer Science
8 56 (15.73%) Software Engineering
9 48 (13.48%) Microservices
9 48 (13.48%) Multithreading
9 48 (13.48%) Web Development
10 47 (13.20%) Continuous Integration
11 46 (12.92%) Scrum
12 43 (12.08%) Fintech
13 42 (11.80%) Collaborative Working
13 42 (11.80%) Unit Testing
14 41 (11.52%) Multithreaded Programming
15 38 (10.67%) Test Automation
16 37 (10.39%) Analytics
17 34 (9.55%) OO
Programming Languages
1 281 (78.93%) JavaScript
2 137 (38.48%) C#
3 106 (29.78%) SQL
4 57 (16.01%) TypeScript
5 48 (13.48%) PHP
6 43 (12.08%) Java
7 34 (9.55%) T-SQL
8 19 (5.34%) Kotlin
8 19 (5.34%) PowerShell
9 15 (4.21%) ES6
10 14 (3.93%) Python
11 7 (1.97%) Scala
12 5 (1.40%) C
12 5 (1.40%) C++
12 5 (1.40%) Ruby
13 4 (1.12%) Go
14 3 (0.84%) ES7
14 3 (0.84%) R
15 2 (0.56%) Clojure
16 1 (0.28%) ActionScript 3.0
Qualifications
1 34 (9.55%) Degree
2 9 (2.53%) Computer Science Degree
3 6 (1.69%) SC Cleared
3 6 (1.69%) Security Cleared
4 2 (0.56%) DV Cleared
5 1 (0.28%) SANS
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 20 (5.62%) QA
2 11 (3.09%) Accessibility
3 1 (0.28%) Data Quality
System Software
1 73 (20.51%) Docker
2 4 (1.12%) Active Directory
2 4 (1.12%) Hyper-V
Systems Management
1 26 (7.30%) Kubernetes
2 19 (5.34%) Terraform
3 13 (3.65%) Opscode Chef
4 1 (0.28%) Automic
Vendors
1 27 (7.58%) Microsoft
2 11 (3.09%) Workday
3 9 (2.53%) Adobe
3 9 (2.53%) Google
4 7 (1.97%) SAP
5 6 (1.69%) Nintex
6 4 (1.12%) Sitecore
6 4 (1.12%) Sparx
7 3 (0.84%) Salesforce.com
8 2 (0.56%) IBM
8 2 (0.56%) OpenText
8 2 (0.56%) Xamarin
9 1 (0.28%) Apple
9 1 (0.28%) Demandware
9 1 (0.28%) Hotjar
9 1 (0.28%) hybris
9 1 (0.28%) New Relic
9 1 (0.28%) ServiceNow
9 1 (0.28%) VMware
9 1 (0.28%) WooCommerce