Period
to 20 January 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for CSS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited CSS over the 6 months to 20 January 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

CSS (Cascading Style Sheets)
Central London > City of London
6 months to
20 Jan 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 24 22 17
Rank change year-on-year -2 -5 0
Permanent jobs citing CSS 754 989 1,073
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the City of London 8.25% 9.75% 10.27%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 21.24% 22.26% 25.32%
Number of salaries quoted 664 884 959
City of London median annual salary £65,000 £65,000 £60,000
Median salary % change year-on-year - +8.33% +9.09%
10th Percentile £43,750 £37,650 £37,500
90th Percentile £88,750 £89,625 £82,500
Central London median annual salary £65,000 £62,500 £55,000
% change year-on-year +4.00% +13.64% -

CSS is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
City of London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 3,550 4,442 4,237
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the City of London 38.86% 43.78% 40.54%
Number of salaries quoted 3,156 4,047 3,796
City of London median annual salary £70,000 £67,500 £62,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +3.70% +8.00% +4.17%
10th Percentile £45,000 £42,500 £40,375
90th Percentile £97,500 £92,500 £92,500
Central London median annual salary £70,000 £65,000 £60,000
% change year-on-year +7.69% +8.33% +4.35%

CSS
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing CSS as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for CSS in the City of London

CSS
Salary Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing CSS in the City of London.

Salary trend for CSS in the City of London

CSS
Salary Histogram in the City of London

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing CSS in the City of London over the 6 months to 20 January 2020.

Salary histogram for CSS in the City of London

CSS
Job Locations in the City of London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing CSS within the City of London region over the 6 months to 20 January 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London Bridge +2 25 £63,750 +10.87%
Moorgate +3 8 £75,000 +11.11%
CSS
Central London

For the 6 months to 20 January 2020, IT jobs citing CSS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for CSS.

1 663 (87.93%) HTML
2 657 (87.14%) JavaScript
3 348 (46.15%) Agile Software Development
4 323 (42.84%) React
5 279 (37.00%) HTML5
6 252 (33.42%) C#
6 252 (33.42%) AngularJS
7 249 (33.02%) .NET
8 229 (30.37%) Finance
9 205 (27.19%) SQL
10 203 (26.92%) MVC
11 199 (26.39%) CSS3
12 175 (23.21%) Front End Development
13 164 (21.75%) Git (software)
14 158 (20.95%) Web Development
15 155 (20.56%) Node.js
16 150 (19.89%) User Experience
17 143 (18.97%) ASP.NET
18 141 (18.70%) TDD
19 138 (18.30%) SQL Server
19 138 (18.30%) jQuery
20 133 (17.64%) Azure
21 120 (15.92%) Degree
22 118 (15.65%) DevOps
23 114 (15.12%) Computer Science
24 109 (14.46%) AWS
25 106 (14.06%) Microservices
26 105 (13.93%) TypeScript
27 104 (13.79%) Twitter Bootstrap
27 104 (13.79%) REST

CSS
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 58 (7.69%) CMS
2 31 (4.11%) EPiServer
3 20 (2.65%) SharePoint
4 18 (2.39%) Confluence
5 17 (2.25%) Headless CMS
6 15 (1.99%) Tomcat
7 14 (1.86%) Apache Spark
8 11 (1.46%) Drupal
8 11 (1.46%) Elasticsearch
9 9 (1.19%) WordPress
10 8 (1.06%) IIS
10 8 (1.06%) JBoss
10 8 (1.06%) MQSeries
11 6 (0.80%) SharePoint 2010
11 6 (0.80%) WebLogic
11 6 (0.80%) WebSphere
12 5 (0.66%) Umbraco
13 4 (0.53%) Sitecore CMS
14 3 (0.40%) Adobe Experience Manager
14 3 (0.40%) SharePoint 2013
Applications
1 23 (3.05%) Sketch
2 17 (2.25%) Photoshop
3 10 (1.33%) InVision
4 9 (1.19%) Adobe Creative Suite
5 7 (0.93%) Microsoft Excel
6 5 (0.66%) Figma
6 5 (0.66%) Fireworks
7 4 (0.53%) Adobe Illustrator
7 4 (0.53%) Marvel
8 2 (0.27%) Adobe After Effects
8 2 (0.27%) Microsoft Office
8 2 (0.27%) Zeplin
9 1 (0.13%) Acrobat
9 1 (0.13%) InDesign
9 1 (0.13%) OmniGraffle
9 1 (0.13%) Spreadsheet
9 1 (0.13%) UXPin
Business Applications
1 22 (2.92%) Dynamics CRM
2 2 (0.27%) R3 Corda
3 1 (0.13%) Eloqua
3 1 (0.13%) Magento
3 1 (0.13%) Salesforce.com CRM
3 1 (0.13%) WebTrends
Cloud Services
1 133 (17.64%) Azure
2 109 (14.46%) AWS
3 43 (5.70%) SaaS
4 42 (5.57%) npm
5 35 (4.64%) GCP
6 34 (4.51%) GitHub
7 27 (3.58%) Serverless
8 24 (3.18%) PaaS
9 23 (3.05%) AWS Lambda
10 14 (1.86%) Firebase
11 13 (1.72%) Azure Functions
12 12 (1.59%) Office 365
13 11 (1.46%) IaaS
14 9 (1.19%) Amazon ECS
15 6 (0.80%) Adobe Creative Cloud
16 5 (0.66%) Amazon S3
16 5 (0.66%) AWS CloudFormation
17 4 (0.53%) Amazon Kinesis
17 4 (0.53%) Cloud Computing
17 4 (0.53%) Google Analytics
Communications & Networking
1 42 (5.57%) Internet
2 18 (2.39%) HTTP
3 10 (1.33%) Intranet
4 1 (0.13%) Bluetooth
4 1 (0.13%) Network Security
4 1 (0.13%) SSH
Database & Business Intelligence
1 138 (18.30%) SQL Server
2 49 (6.50%) MySQL
3 47 (6.23%) NoSQL
4 35 (4.64%) PostgreSQL
4 35 (4.64%) SQL Server 2012
5 24 (3.18%) Big Data
6 20 (2.65%) Azure SQL Database
7 14 (1.86%) Apache Hive
7 14 (1.86%) Hadoop
8 13 (1.72%) MongoDB
9 12 (1.59%) Relational Database
10 7 (0.93%) SQL Server Integration Services
11 6 (0.80%) Amazon DynamoDB
11 6 (0.80%) Infinispan
12 5 (0.66%) Cosmos DB
12 5 (0.66%) SQL Server 2016
13 4 (0.53%) Data Warehouse
13 4 (0.53%) SQL Server 2014
14 3 (0.40%) Amazon Athena
14 3 (0.40%) Redis
Development Applications
1 164 (21.75%) Git (software)
2 51 (6.76%) webpack
3 44 (5.84%) Visual Studio
4 35 (4.64%) JIRA
5 32 (4.24%) gulp
6 20 (2.65%) Babel
7 17 (2.25%) Jasmine
7 17 (2.25%) Jenkins
8 16 (2.12%) Grunt
9 15 (1.99%) Bitbucket
10 14 (1.86%) Team Foundation Server
11 12 (1.59%) TeamCity
12 10 (1.33%) Cucumber
13 9 (1.19%) Mocha
13 9 (1.19%) Visual Studio Team System
14 8 (1.06%) Eclipse
14 8 (1.06%) IntelliJ
14 8 (1.06%) Karma Test Runner
15 7 (0.93%) GitLab
15 7 (0.93%) PostCSS
General
1 229 (30.37%) Finance
2 90 (11.94%) Marketing
3 41 (5.44%) Retail
4 35 (4.64%) Advertising
5 23 (3.05%) Banking
6 16 (2.12%) Law
7 15 (1.99%) Games
8 14 (1.86%) Publishing
9 13 (1.72%) Financial Institution
10 6 (0.80%) Automotive
10 6 (0.80%) Electronics
10 6 (0.80%) Manufacturing
10 6 (0.80%) Public Sector
10 6 (0.80%) Telecoms
11 5 (0.66%) Front Office
12 4 (0.53%) Investment Banking
13 2 (0.27%) Legal
14 1 (0.13%) Back Office
14 1 (0.13%) Housing Association
14 1 (0.13%) Music Industry
Job Titles
1 546 (72.41%) Developer
2 155 (20.56%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 142 (18.83%) Senior Developer
4 114 (15.12%) .NET Developer
5 107 (14.19%) JavaScript Developer
6 88 (11.67%) C# Developer
7 86 (11.41%) React Developer
8 84 (11.14%) Full Stack Developer
9 69 (9.15%) Web Developer
10 64 (8.49%) C# .NET Developer
11 57 (7.56%) Senior Front-End Developer
12 47 (6.23%) Lead Developer
13 45 (5.97%) Java Developer
14 39 (5.17%) Angular Developer
15 34 (4.51%) Software Engineer
16 33 (4.38%) Senior React Developer
17 30 (3.98%) UI Developer
18 28 (3.71%) Architect
19 27 (3.58%) Designer
19 27 (3.58%) Software Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 663 (87.93%) HTML
2 323 (42.84%) React
3 279 (37.00%) HTML5
4 252 (33.42%) AngularJS
5 249 (33.02%) .NET
6 199 (26.39%) CSS3
7 155 (20.56%) Node.js
8 143 (18.97%) ASP.NET
9 138 (18.30%) jQuery
10 104 (13.79%) REST
10 104 (13.79%) Twitter Bootstrap
11 98 (13.00%) Redux
12 97 (12.86%) .NET Framework
13 91 (12.07%) Sass
14 87 (11.54%) RESTful
15 77 (10.21%) Web Services
16 63 (8.36%) ASP.NET Web API
17 59 (7.82%) JSON
17 59 (7.82%) Vue.js
18 58 (7.69%) ASP.NET MVC
Miscellaneous
1 150 (19.89%) User Experience
2 60 (7.96%) Analytical Skills
3 56 (7.43%) Mobile App
4 28 (3.71%) Greenfield Project
5 27 (3.58%) N-Tier
6 26 (3.45%) Self-Motivation
7 23 (3.05%) Data Centre
8 19 (2.52%) Blog
9 18 (2.39%) Enterprise Software
10 14 (1.86%) Cloud Native
11 13 (1.72%) iPad
11 13 (1.72%) Social Media
12 12 (1.59%) Derivative
12 12 (1.59%) Management Information System
13 10 (1.33%) Client/Server
14 9 (1.19%) Analytical Mindset
14 9 (1.19%) Robotics
15 8 (1.06%) Hedge funds
16 7 (0.93%) Life Science
16 7 (0.93%) Online Games
Operating Systems
1 54 (7.16%) Linux
2 43 (5.70%) Windows
3 32 (4.24%) Android
4 29 (3.85%) Apple iOS
5 21 (2.79%) Unix
6 3 (0.40%) Mac OS X
7 2 (0.27%) Mac OS
7 2 (0.27%) Windows Server
Processes & Methodologies
1 348 (46.15%) Agile Software Development
2 203 (26.92%) MVC
3 175 (23.21%) Front End Development
4 158 (20.95%) Web Development
5 141 (18.70%) TDD
6 118 (15.65%) DevOps
7 114 (15.12%) Computer Science
8 106 (14.06%) Microservices
9 104 (13.79%) Software Engineering
10 103 (13.66%) Scrum
11 102 (13.53%) OO
12 88 (11.67%) Fintech
13 82 (10.88%) Continuous Integration
14 76 (10.08%) Problem-Solving
14 76 (10.08%) Test Automation
15 72 (9.55%) E-Commerce
16 70 (9.28%) BDD
17 66 (8.75%) Unit Testing
18 63 (8.36%) Analytics
19 62 (8.22%) Mentoring
Programming Languages
1 657 (87.14%) JavaScript
2 252 (33.42%) C#
3 205 (27.19%) SQL
4 105 (13.93%) TypeScript
5 100 (13.26%) Java
6 82 (10.88%) ES6
7 72 (9.55%) Python
8 64 (8.49%) PHP
9 39 (5.17%) T-SQL
10 25 (3.32%) PowerShell
11 19 (2.52%) Scala
12 17 (2.25%) Kotlin
12 17 (2.25%) XPath
13 16 (2.12%) C++
14 14 (1.86%) Ruby
15 12 (1.59%) C
16 9 (1.19%) Groovy
16 9 (1.19%) Java 8
17 6 (0.80%) Apex Code
18 5 (0.66%) R
Qualifications
1 120 (15.92%) Degree
2 69 (9.15%) Computer Science Degree
3 4 (0.53%) PMI Certification
3 4 (0.53%) PMP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 53 (7.03%) QA
2 3 (0.40%) SLA
2 3 (0.40%) WCAG
3 1 (0.13%) WAI
System Software
1 72 (9.55%) Docker
Systems Management
1 32 (4.24%) Kubernetes
2 23 (3.05%) Terraform
3 11 (1.46%) SCCM
4 5 (0.66%) Kibana
5 4 (0.53%) Ansible
6 3 (0.40%) logstash
7 2 (0.27%) Grafana
Vendors
1 97 (12.86%) Microsoft
2 46 (6.10%) Google
3 24 (3.18%) Adobe
4 18 (2.39%) Oracle
5 16 (2.12%) Salesforce.com
6 11 (1.46%) UiPath
7 10 (1.33%) IBM
7 10 (1.33%) Xamarin
8 7 (0.93%) SAP
9 6 (0.80%) Nintex
9 6 (0.80%) Zend
10 5 (0.66%) Samsung
11 4 (0.53%) Sitecore
12 3 (0.40%) Atlassian
12 3 (0.40%) ServiceNow
12 3 (0.40%) Splunk
13 2 (0.27%) Blue Prism
13 2 (0.27%) DeepCrawl
13 2 (0.27%) Screaming Frog
14 1 (0.13%) Zuora