Period
to 12 April 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for CSS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited CSS over the 6 months to 12 April 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

CSS (Cascading Style Sheets)
Central London > City of London
6 months to
12 Apr 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 27 25 21
Rank change year-on-year -2 -4 -3
Permanent jobs citing CSS 406 668 919
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the City of London 8.42% 7.89% 8.96%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 20.05% 20.44% 21.17%
Number of salaries quoted 379 590 809
10th Percentile £46,250 £42,500 £37,500
25th Percentile £57,500 £51,694 £50,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £75,000 £65,000 £65,000
Median % change year-on-year +15.38% - +8.33%
75th Percentile £88,750 £82,500 £77,500
90th Percentile £98,000 £93,750 £86,500
Central London median annual salary £75,000 £67,500 £65,000
% change year-on-year +11.11% +3.85% +18.18%

CSS is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
City of London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 2,025 3,268 4,342
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the City of London 41.98% 38.62% 42.32%
Number of salaries quoted 1,834 2,913 3,917
10th Percentile £45,000 £45,000 £42,500
25th Percentile £57,500 £53,750 £52,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £74,000 £70,000 £67,500
Median % change year-on-year +5.71% +3.70% +3.85%
75th Percentile £88,750 £85,000 £82,500
90th Percentile £105,000 £96,250 £95,000
Central London median annual salary £72,500 £70,000 £67,500
% change year-on-year +3.57% +3.70% +8.00%

CSS
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing CSS as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for CSS in the City of London

CSS
Salary Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing CSS in the City of London.

Salary trend for CSS in the City of London

CSS
Salary Histogram in the City of London

Salary distribution for jobs citing CSS in the City of London over the 6 months to 12 April 2021.

Salary histogram for CSS in the City of London

CSS
Job Locations in the City of London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing CSS within the City of London region over the 6 months to 12 April 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London Bridge +7 2 £50,000 -4.76%
CSS
Central London

For the 6 months to 12 April 2021, IT jobs citing CSS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for CSS.

1 356 (87.68%) JavaScript
2 267 (65.76%) Agile Software Development
3 265 (65.27%) HTML
4 216 (53.20%) .NET
4 216 (53.20%) Azure
5 215 (52.96%) SQL
6 203 (50.00%) React
7 179 (44.09%) C#
8 177 (43.60%) DevOps
9 175 (43.10%) OO
10 163 (40.15%) Degree
10 163 (40.15%) jQuery
11 157 (38.67%) Microservices
12 154 (37.93%) Twitter Bootstrap
13 150 (36.95%) Test Automation
14 138 (33.99%) SQL Server
14 138 (33.99%) MVC
15 135 (33.25%) SharePoint
16 132 (32.51%) Continuous Integration
17 128 (31.53%) CRM
18 121 (29.80%) Deployment Automation
19 116 (28.57%) AngularJS
20 115 (28.33%) Dynamics CRM
21 112 (27.59%) .NET Core
22 111 (27.34%) .NET Framework
23 110 (27.09%) ASP.NET Web API
24 106 (26.11%) SOLID
24 106 (26.11%) PaaS
25 105 (25.86%) Web Services
26 104 (25.62%) HTML5

CSS
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 135 (33.25%) SharePoint
2 17 (4.19%) Apache Spark
3 14 (3.45%) CMS
4 12 (2.96%) WordPress
5 9 (2.22%) Drupal
5 9 (2.22%) Moodle
6 8 (1.97%) Apache
7 6 (1.48%) Confluence
8 4 (0.99%) EPiServer
9 3 (0.74%) Adobe Experience Manager
9 3 (0.74%) Elasticsearch
10 2 (0.49%) Mendix
11 1 (0.25%) Cloud Foundry
11 1 (0.25%) IIS
11 1 (0.25%) Umbraco
Applications
1 7 (1.72%) InVision
1 7 (1.72%) Sketch
2 3 (0.74%) Adobe Illustrator
3 2 (0.49%) Photoshop
4 1 (0.25%) Adobe Premiere
4 1 (0.25%) Adobe XD
4 1 (0.25%) Figma
4 1 (0.25%) OmniGraffle
Business Applications
1 115 (28.33%) Dynamics CRM
2 10 (2.46%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
3 5 (1.23%) Shopify
4 2 (0.49%) Magento
Cloud Services
1 216 (53.20%) Azure
2 106 (26.11%) PaaS
3 73 (17.98%) Power Platform
4 69 (17.00%) AWS
4 69 (17.00%) Azure Active Directory
5 68 (16.75%) Dynamics 365
6 43 (10.59%) SaaS
7 37 (9.11%) PowerApps
8 18 (4.43%) Azure Functions
8 18 (4.43%) Serverless
9 13 (3.20%) npm
10 9 (2.22%) Power Automate
11 8 (1.97%) GitHub
11 8 (1.97%) Logic Apps
12 7 (1.72%) Microsoft 365
13 5 (1.23%) Cloud Computing
13 5 (1.23%) GCP
14 4 (0.99%) CloudBees
14 4 (0.99%) Veeva
15 3 (0.74%) NuGet
Communications & Networking
1 10 (2.46%) HTTP
2 4 (0.99%) Extranet
3 3 (0.74%) Internet
4 1 (0.25%) FTP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 138 (33.99%) SQL Server
2 39 (9.61%) SQL Server Integration Services
3 38 (9.36%) Azure SQL Database
4 37 (9.11%) NoSQL
5 36 (8.87%) MySQL
5 36 (8.87%) SQL Server Reporting Services
6 26 (6.40%) Big Data
7 24 (5.91%) Data Lake
8 18 (4.43%) Apache Hive
8 18 (4.43%) Hadoop
9 15 (3.69%) Relational Database
10 13 (3.20%) PostgreSQL
11 10 (2.46%) Power BI
12 8 (1.97%) MongoDB
13 4 (0.99%) Crystal Reports
14 3 (0.74%) Cosmos DB
14 3 (0.74%) Redis
14 3 (0.74%) SQL Server 2012
15 2 (0.49%) Amazon RDS
15 2 (0.49%) Data Warehouse
Development Applications
1 89 (21.92%) Visual Studio Team System
2 88 (21.67%) Team Foundation Server
3 54 (13.30%) Git (software)
4 44 (10.84%) Visual Studio
5 22 (5.42%) Jenkins
6 17 (4.19%) webpack
7 16 (3.94%) Selenium
8 11 (2.71%) JIRA
9 9 (2.22%) Travis CI
10 8 (1.97%) Grunt
11 6 (1.48%) Cypress.io
12 5 (1.23%) Babel
12 5 (1.23%) CircleCI
12 5 (1.23%) Maven
13 4 (0.99%) Axure RP
13 4 (0.99%) PostCSS
13 4 (0.99%) SpecFlow
14 3 (0.74%) gulp
14 3 (0.74%) Jasmine
14 3 (0.74%) Mocha
General
1 88 (21.67%) Finance
2 37 (9.11%) Banking
3 35 (8.62%) Private Banking
4 22 (5.42%) Marketing
5 13 (3.20%) Back Office
6 6 (1.48%) Law
6 6 (1.48%) Telecoms
7 5 (1.23%) Online Betting
8 4 (0.99%) Public Sector
8 4 (0.99%) Retail
9 3 (0.74%) Front Office
9 3 (0.74%) Publishing
10 2 (0.49%) Advertising
10 2 (0.49%) Games
10 2 (0.49%) Housing Association
11 1 (0.25%) Automotive
11 1 (0.25%) Manufacturing
11 1 (0.25%) Music Industry
Job Titles
1 274 (67.49%) Developer
2 104 (25.62%) Senior Developer
3 91 (22.41%) C# Developer
4 81 (19.95%) Azure Developer
5 69 (17.00%) Senior C# Developer
6 64 (15.76%) .NET Developer
7 50 (12.32%) C# .NET Developer
8 46 (11.33%) ASP.NET MVC Developer
8 46 (11.33%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
9 45 (11.08%) Senior .NET Developer
10 44 (10.84%) Senior C# .NET Developer
10 44 (10.84%) Senior SQL Developer
10 44 (10.84%) SQL Developer
11 41 (10.10%) Architect
12 38 (9.36%) Full Stack Developer
13 33 (8.13%) Consultant
14 32 (7.88%) Technical Leader
15 30 (7.39%) Technical Consultant
16 28 (6.90%) Software Developer
17 23 (5.67%) Java Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 265 (65.27%) HTML
2 216 (53.20%) .NET
3 203 (50.00%) React
4 163 (40.15%) jQuery
5 154 (37.93%) Twitter Bootstrap
6 116 (28.57%) AngularJS
7 112 (27.59%) .NET Core
8 111 (27.34%) .NET Framework
9 110 (27.09%) ASP.NET Web API
10 105 (25.86%) Web Services
11 104 (25.62%) HTML5
12 101 (24.88%) Entity Framework
13 84 (20.69%) Node.js
14 76 (18.72%) XML
15 74 (18.23%) CSS3
16 62 (15.27%) ASP.NET
17 47 (11.58%) Vue.js
18 37 (9.11%) WCF
19 35 (8.62%) XSD
20 33 (8.13%) Sass
Miscellaneous
1 97 (23.89%) N-Tier
2 62 (15.27%) Analytical Skills
3 47 (11.58%) User Experience
4 44 (10.84%) Reinsurance
5 27 (6.65%) Enterprise Software
6 10 (2.46%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
6 10 (2.46%) Greenfield Project
6 10 (2.46%) Mobile App
7 9 (2.22%) Social Media
8 7 (1.72%) Virtual Team
9 6 (1.48%) Algorithms
9 6 (1.48%) Data Structures
9 6 (1.48%) Self-Motivation
10 5 (1.23%) Blog
11 3 (0.74%) e-Learning
11 3 (0.74%) Life Science
12 2 (0.49%) W3C
13 1 (0.25%) Biotechnology
13 1 (0.25%) SCORM
13 1 (0.25%) Wiki
Operating Systems
1 4 (0.99%) Linux
2 3 (0.74%) Android
2 3 (0.74%) Apple iOS
3 1 (0.25%) Unix
Processes & Methodologies
1 267 (65.76%) Agile Software Development
2 177 (43.60%) DevOps
3 175 (43.10%) OO
4 157 (38.67%) Microservices
5 150 (36.95%) Test Automation
6 138 (33.99%) MVC
7 132 (32.51%) Continuous Integration
8 128 (31.53%) CRM
9 121 (29.80%) Deployment Automation
10 106 (26.11%) SOLID
11 102 (25.12%) SOA
12 91 (22.41%) UML
13 84 (20.69%) Don't repeat yourself (DRY)
14 76 (18.72%) Mentoring
15 71 (17.49%) Web Development
16 66 (16.26%) Computer Science
17 57 (14.04%) Migration
18 49 (12.07%) Front End Development
19 47 (11.58%) Scrum
20 41 (10.10%) Software Engineering
Programming Languages
1 356 (87.68%) JavaScript
2 215 (52.96%) SQL
3 179 (44.09%) C#
4 92 (22.66%) T-SQL
5 84 (20.69%) PowerShell
6 76 (18.72%) TypeScript
7 57 (14.04%) PHP
8 50 (12.32%) Java
9 45 (11.08%) Python
10 41 (10.10%) ES6
11 23 (5.67%) Kotlin
12 21 (5.17%) Scala
13 11 (2.71%) ES7
14 9 (2.22%) Ruby
15 4 (0.99%) Bash Shell
15 4 (0.99%) R
16 2 (0.49%) C
16 2 (0.49%) Go
16 2 (0.49%) PHP 5
16 2 (0.49%) PHP 7
Qualifications
1 163 (40.15%) Degree
2 59 (14.53%) Computer Science Degree
3 10 (2.46%) SC Cleared
3 10 (2.46%) Security Cleared
4 8 (1.97%) DV Cleared
5 3 (0.74%) SANS
6 1 (0.25%) Numerate Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 8 (1.97%) QA
2 3 (0.74%) WCAG
3 2 (0.49%) PSD2
System Software
1 43 (10.59%) Docker
2 2 (0.49%) Active Directory
Systems Management
1 81 (19.95%) Terraform
2 67 (16.50%) Opscode Chef
3 31 (7.64%) Kubernetes
4 1 (0.25%) Kibana
4 1 (0.25%) MIIS
4 1 (0.25%) Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 84 (20.69%) Nintex
2 82 (20.20%) Microsoft
3 23 (5.67%) Databricks
4 10 (2.46%) Sparx
5 9 (2.22%) Google
6 7 (1.72%) Adobe
7 5 (1.23%) Workday
8 4 (0.99%) Salesforce.com
8 4 (0.99%) Sitecore
9 3 (0.74%) Atlassian
9 3 (0.74%) Foundry
9 3 (0.74%) Oracle
9 3 (0.74%) Palantir
9 3 (0.74%) Remedy
10 2 (0.49%) ServiceNow
10 2 (0.49%) Zend
11 1 (0.25%) DevExpress
11 1 (0.25%) Kofax
11 1 (0.25%) Progress
11 1 (0.25%) Salesforce Marketing Cloud