Period
to 21 January 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for CSS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited CSS over the 6 months to 21 January 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

CSS (Cascading Style Sheets)
Central London > City of London
6 months to
21 Jan 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 27 25 22
Rank change year-on-year -2 -3 -5
Permanent jobs citing CSS 379 755 997
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the City of London 8.79% 8.21% 9.73%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 19.93% 21.15% 22.25%
Number of salaries quoted 355 692 942
Median annual salary £70,000 £65,000 £65,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +7.69% - +8.33%
10th Percentile £46,750 £43,750 £37,500
90th Percentile £105,000 £88,625 £87,500
Central London median annual salary £70,000 £65,000 £62,500
% change year-on-year +7.69% +4.00% +13.64%

CSS is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
City of London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 1,902 3,570 4,481
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the City of London 44.13% 38.80% 43.74%
Number of salaries quoted 1,681 3,214 4,114
Median annual salary £70,000 £70,000 £67,500
Median salary % change year-on-year - +3.70% +8.00%
10th Percentile £47,500 £44,430 £42,500
90th Percentile £105,000 £97,500 £92,500
Central London median annual salary £70,000 £70,000 £65,000
% change year-on-year - +7.69% +8.33%

CSS
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing CSS as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for CSS in the City of London

CSS
Salary Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing CSS in the City of London.

Salary trend for CSS in the City of London

CSS
Salary Histogram in the City of London

Salary distribution for jobs citing CSS in the City of London over the 6 months to 21 January 2021.

Salary histogram for CSS in the City of London

CSS
Job Locations in the City of London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing CSS within the City of London region over the 6 months to 21 January 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London Bridge -3 1 £50,000 -21.57%
CSS
Central London

For the 6 months to 21 January 2021, IT jobs citing CSS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for CSS.

1 325 (85.75%) JavaScript
2 268 (70.71%) HTML
3 219 (57.78%) Agile Software Development
4 185 (48.81%) .NET
4 185 (48.81%) Azure
5 167 (44.06%) SQL
6 159 (41.95%) React
7 156 (41.16%) DevOps
8 137 (36.15%) OO
9 133 (35.09%) AngularJS
10 131 (34.56%) C#
11 121 (31.93%) MVC
12 119 (31.40%) jQuery
12 119 (31.40%) Continuous Integration
12 119 (31.40%) HTML5
13 116 (30.61%) Microservices
14 115 (30.34%) Test Automation
15 113 (29.82%) Degree
15 113 (29.82%) SQL Server
16 112 (29.55%) Twitter Bootstrap
17 105 (27.70%) Web Services
18 99 (26.12%) CRM
19 96 (25.33%) Microsoft
20 94 (24.80%) Finance
20 94 (24.80%) Web Development
20 94 (24.80%) Dynamics CRM
20 94 (24.80%) Deployment Automation
21 88 (23.22%) .NET Core
22 86 (22.69%) ASP.NET Web API
22 86 (22.69%) SharePoint

CSS
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 86 (22.69%) SharePoint
2 16 (4.22%) Moodle
3 14 (3.69%) CMS
4 11 (2.90%) Apache Spark
5 8 (2.11%) Adobe Experience Manager
6 7 (1.85%) Apache
7 6 (1.58%) WordPress
8 4 (1.06%) Confluence
8 4 (1.06%) Drupal
9 2 (0.53%) Elasticsearch
9 2 (0.53%) EPiServer
10 1 (0.26%) Camunda
Applications
1 9 (2.37%) Zeplin
2 6 (1.58%) Sketch
3 5 (1.32%) InVision
4 2 (0.53%) Adobe Illustrator
4 2 (0.53%) Photoshop
5 1 (0.26%) Figma
Business Applications
1 94 (24.80%) Dynamics CRM
2 17 (4.49%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
3 11 (2.90%) Siebel CRM
4 3 (0.79%) Magento
5 1 (0.26%) Payment Gateway
5 1 (0.26%) Shopify
Cloud Services
1 185 (48.81%) Azure
2 85 (22.43%) AWS
3 77 (20.32%) Dynamics 365
4 76 (20.05%) PaaS
5 67 (17.68%) Power Platform
6 39 (10.29%) SaaS
7 31 (8.18%) Azure Active Directory
8 29 (7.65%) npm
9 14 (3.69%) PowerApps
10 8 (2.11%) GCP
11 6 (1.58%) Cloud Computing
12 5 (1.32%) Amazon EC2
12 5 (1.32%) GitHub
12 5 (1.32%) NuGet
13 3 (0.79%) Azure Functions
13 3 (0.79%) Serverless
14 2 (0.53%) IaaS
15 1 (0.26%) Amazon Kinesis
15 1 (0.26%) Lucidchart
15 1 (0.26%) Veeva
Communications & Networking
1 9 (2.37%) HTTP
2 3 (0.79%) Internet
3 1 (0.26%) Skype
Database & Business Intelligence
1 113 (29.82%) SQL Server
2 49 (12.93%) MySQL
3 42 (11.08%) SQL Server Integration Services
4 40 (10.55%) SQL Server Reporting Services
5 34 (8.97%) Azure SQL Database
6 33 (8.71%) NoSQL
7 24 (6.33%) Data Lake
8 20 (5.28%) Big Data
9 13 (3.43%) SQL Server 2012
10 11 (2.90%) MongoDB
10 11 (2.90%) Siebel EIM
11 10 (2.64%) Hadoop
12 9 (2.37%) Apache Hive
12 9 (2.37%) PostgreSQL
13 7 (1.85%) Relational Database
14 5 (1.32%) Amazon RDS
15 3 (0.79%) Data Warehouse
15 3 (0.79%) Power BI
15 3 (0.79%) Redis
16 2 (0.53%) Crystal Reports
Development Applications
1 81 (21.37%) Git (software)
2 64 (16.89%) Team Foundation Server
3 51 (13.46%) Visual Studio Team System
4 44 (11.61%) Visual Studio
5 43 (11.35%) Jenkins
6 25 (6.60%) webpack
7 16 (4.22%) Grunt
8 14 (3.69%) Bower
9 9 (2.37%) Selenium
10 8 (2.11%) CircleCI
10 8 (2.11%) Travis CI
11 7 (1.85%) Maven
12 6 (1.58%) Babel
12 6 (1.58%) JIRA
13 5 (1.32%) GitLab
14 4 (1.06%) Axure RP
14 4 (1.06%) Cypress.io
14 4 (1.06%) gulp
15 3 (0.79%) JUnit
15 3 (0.79%) Mocha
General
1 94 (24.80%) Finance
2 43 (11.35%) Banking
3 39 (10.29%) Private Banking
4 34 (8.97%) Marketing
5 19 (5.01%) Back Office
6 5 (1.32%) Law
6 5 (1.32%) Public Sector
6 5 (1.32%) Telecoms
7 3 (0.79%) Manufacturing
7 3 (0.79%) Publishing
7 3 (0.79%) Retail
8 2 (0.53%) Advertising
8 2 (0.53%) Electronics
8 2 (0.53%) Front Office
8 2 (0.53%) Games
9 1 (0.26%) Automotive
9 1 (0.26%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 240 (63.32%) Developer
2 75 (19.79%) Senior Developer
3 62 (16.36%) Architect
4 55 (14.51%) C# Developer
5 51 (13.46%) .NET Developer
6 45 (11.87%) Azure Developer
7 44 (11.61%) Senior C# Developer
8 43 (11.35%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
9 37 (9.76%) PHP Developer
10 34 (8.97%) C# .NET Developer
10 34 (8.97%) Full Stack Developer
11 33 (8.71%) Senior .NET Developer
12 31 (8.18%) SQL Developer
13 30 (7.92%) Senior C# .NET Developer
13 30 (7.92%) Senior SQL Developer
14 29 (7.65%) ASP.NET MVC Developer
14 29 (7.65%) Lead Developer
15 25 (6.60%) JavaScript Developer
16 24 (6.33%) Software Developer
17 22 (5.80%) Solutions Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 268 (70.71%) HTML
2 185 (48.81%) .NET
3 159 (41.95%) React
4 133 (35.09%) AngularJS
5 119 (31.40%) HTML5
5 119 (31.40%) jQuery
6 112 (29.55%) Twitter Bootstrap
7 105 (27.70%) Web Services
8 88 (23.22%) .NET Core
9 86 (22.69%) ASP.NET Web API
10 84 (22.16%) CSS3
11 83 (21.90%) .NET Framework
12 75 (19.79%) XML
13 71 (18.73%) Entity Framework
14 66 (17.41%) ASP.NET
15 62 (16.36%) Node.js
15 62 (16.36%) REST
16 56 (14.78%) Vue.js
17 45 (11.87%) Sass
18 40 (10.55%) WCF
Miscellaneous
1 68 (17.94%) N-Tier
2 42 (11.08%) User Experience
3 37 (9.76%) Analytical Skills
4 28 (7.39%) Reinsurance
5 26 (6.86%) Enterprise Software
6 13 (3.43%) e-Learning
7 12 (3.17%) Mobile App
8 10 (2.64%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
9 7 (1.85%) Greenfield Project
9 7 (1.85%) Self-Motivation
10 5 (1.32%) SCORM
11 3 (0.79%) Clustering
11 3 (0.79%) W3C
12 2 (0.53%) Algorithms
12 2 (0.53%) Data Structures
12 2 (0.53%) Derivative
12 2 (0.53%) Media Streaming
12 2 (0.53%) Video\Live Streaming
13 1 (0.26%) Cloud Native
13 1 (0.26%) Public Cloud
Operating Systems
1 3 (0.79%) Linux
2 2 (0.53%) Android
2 2 (0.53%) Apple iOS
2 2 (0.53%) Unix
2 2 (0.53%) Windows
Processes & Methodologies
1 219 (57.78%) Agile Software Development
2 156 (41.16%) DevOps
3 137 (36.15%) OO
4 121 (31.93%) MVC
5 119 (31.40%) Continuous Integration
6 116 (30.61%) Microservices
7 115 (30.34%) Test Automation
8 99 (26.12%) CRM
9 94 (24.80%) Deployment Automation
9 94 (24.80%) Web Development
10 79 (20.84%) SOLID
11 74 (19.53%) SOA
12 70 (18.47%) TDD
13 68 (17.94%) Scrum
14 62 (16.36%) UML
15 61 (16.09%) Mentoring
16 56 (14.78%) Don't repeat yourself (DRY)
17 49 (12.93%) Front End Development
18 47 (12.40%) Software Engineering
19 41 (10.82%) Digital Transformation Programme
Programming Languages
1 325 (85.75%) JavaScript
2 167 (44.06%) SQL
3 131 (34.56%) C#
4 61 (16.09%) PHP
5 57 (15.04%) T-SQL
6 53 (13.98%) TypeScript
7 51 (13.46%) PowerShell
8 40 (10.55%) Java
9 31 (8.18%) Python
10 26 (6.86%) ES6
11 11 (2.90%) ES7
11 11 (2.90%) Kotlin
11 11 (2.90%) Ruby
12 8 (2.11%) Scala
13 3 (0.79%) C++
13 3 (0.79%) PHP 7
13 3 (0.79%) VB.NET
14 2 (0.53%) C
14 2 (0.53%) Go
14 2 (0.53%) R
Qualifications
1 113 (29.82%) Degree
2 32 (8.44%) Computer Science Degree
3 4 (1.06%) Security Cleared
4 3 (0.79%) SC Cleared
5 1 (0.26%) DV Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 7 (1.85%) QA
2 5 (1.32%) PSD2
System Software
1 46 (12.14%) Docker
2 1 (0.26%) Active Directory
Systems Management
1 50 (13.19%) Terraform
2 29 (7.65%) Opscode Chef
3 18 (4.75%) Kubernetes
4 1 (0.26%) Kibana
4 1 (0.26%) Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 96 (25.33%) Microsoft
2 56 (14.78%) Nintex
3 25 (6.60%) Databricks
4 17 (4.49%) Sparx
5 11 (2.90%) Adobe
5 11 (2.90%) Siebel
6 9 (2.37%) Google
7 4 (1.06%) Salesforce.com
8 2 (0.53%) Foundry
8 2 (0.53%) Oracle
8 2 (0.53%) Palantir
8 2 (0.53%) Remedy
8 2 (0.53%) SAP
9 1 (0.26%) Atlassian
9 1 (0.26%) IBM
9 1 (0.26%) Salesforce Marketing Cloud
9 1 (0.26%) ServiceNow
9 1 (0.26%) Sitecore
9 1 (0.26%) Zend