Period
to 29 October 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for CSS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited CSS over the 6 months to 29 October 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

CSS (Cascading Style Sheets)
Central London > City of London
6 months to
29 Oct 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 27 26 19
Rank change year-on-year -1 -7 -2
Permanent jobs citing CSS 298 809 1,200
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the City of London 8.15% 7.97% 10.72%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 18.74% 20.48% 24.90%
Number of salaries quoted 266 740 1,134
Median annual salary £65,000 £65,000 £62,500
Median salary % change year-on-year - +4.00% +8.70%
10th Percentile £46,250 £42,500 £37,500
90th Percentile £95,625 £86,250 £87,500
Central London median annual salary £67,500 £65,000 £60,000
% change year-on-year +3.85% +8.33% +9.09%

CSS is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
City of London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 1,590 3,950 4,820
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the City of London 43.50% 38.94% 43.06%
Number of salaries quoted 1,416 3,534 4,410
Median annual salary £70,000 £70,000 £65,000
Median salary % change year-on-year - +7.69% +4.00%
10th Percentile £47,500 £45,000 £42,500
90th Percentile £102,500 £95,000 £93,750
Central London median annual salary £70,000 £70,000 £65,000
% change year-on-year - +7.69% +8.33%

CSS
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing CSS as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for CSS in the City of London

CSS
Salary Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing CSS in the City of London.

Salary trend for CSS in the City of London

CSS
Salary Histogram in the City of London

Salary distribution for jobs citing CSS in the City of London over the 6 months to 29 October 2020.

Salary histogram for CSS in the City of London

For the 6 months to 29 October 2020, IT jobs citing CSS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for CSS.

1 262 (87.92%) HTML
2 256 (85.91%) JavaScript
3 148 (49.66%) Agile Software Development
4 135 (45.30%) AngularJS
5 106 (35.57%) HTML5
6 105 (35.23%) .NET
7 102 (34.23%) Azure
8 96 (32.21%) React
9 92 (30.87%) Web Development
10 90 (30.20%) Git (software)
10 90 (30.20%) SQL
11 88 (29.53%) Finance
12 87 (29.19%) TDD
13 85 (28.52%) DevOps
14 75 (25.17%) AWS
15 73 (24.50%) OO
16 71 (23.83%) Microsoft
17 66 (22.15%) Scrum
18 65 (21.81%) CSS3
19 64 (21.48%) MVC
20 63 (21.14%) Web Services
21 62 (20.81%) Degree
22 60 (20.13%) PHP
22 60 (20.13%) C#
22 60 (20.13%) REST
23 59 (19.80%) ASP.NET
24 58 (19.46%) Front End Development
25 54 (18.12%) Continuous Integration
26 53 (17.79%) Sass
27 52 (17.45%) SQL Server

CSS
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 21 (7.05%) Moodle
1 21 (7.05%) SharePoint
2 11 (3.69%) Apache Spark
3 9 (3.02%) CMS
4 6 (2.01%) Adobe Experience Manager
5 4 (1.34%) Confluence
5 4 (1.34%) EPiServer
6 3 (1.01%) Elasticsearch
7 2 (0.67%) Apache
7 2 (0.67%) WordPress
8 1 (0.34%) Appian
8 1 (0.34%) Camunda
8 1 (0.34%) Drupal
8 1 (0.34%) IIS
8 1 (0.34%) nginx
8 1 (0.34%) uWSGI
Applications
1 15 (5.03%) Zeplin
2 14 (4.70%) Figma
3 9 (3.02%) Adobe Illustrator
3 9 (3.02%) Sketch
4 8 (2.68%) InVision
5 2 (0.67%) Photoshop
6 1 (0.34%) Microsoft PowerPoint
Business Applications
1 49 (16.44%) Dynamics CRM
2 11 (3.69%) Siebel CRM
3 9 (3.02%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
4 5 (1.68%) Magento
5 2 (0.67%) Shopify
6 1 (0.34%) Payment Gateway
Cloud Services
1 102 (34.23%) Azure
2 75 (25.17%) AWS
3 48 (16.11%) Dynamics 365
4 34 (11.41%) Power Platform
5 32 (10.74%) SaaS
6 27 (9.06%) npm
7 21 (7.05%) PaaS
8 10 (3.36%) Amazon EC2
9 6 (2.01%) Google Analytics
10 5 (1.68%) Cloud Computing
10 5 (1.68%) GCP
11 3 (1.01%) NuGet
12 2 (0.67%) Azure Active Directory
12 2 (0.67%) GitHub
12 2 (0.67%) Lucidchart
12 2 (0.67%) Serverless
13 1 (0.34%) Adobe Creative Cloud
13 1 (0.34%) AWS Lambda
13 1 (0.34%) Azure Functions
13 1 (0.34%) Salesforce Sales Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 4 (1.34%) Internet
2 2 (0.67%) HTTP
3 1 (0.34%) Skype
3 1 (0.34%) TCP/IP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 52 (17.45%) SQL Server
2 40 (13.42%) MySQL
3 34 (11.41%) SQL Server Integration Services
4 30 (10.07%) SQL Server Reporting Services
5 20 (6.71%) Big Data
6 17 (5.70%) SQL Server 2012
7 16 (5.37%) NoSQL
8 13 (4.36%) Azure SQL Database
9 11 (3.69%) Amazon RDS
9 11 (3.69%) Siebel EIM
10 9 (3.02%) Data Lake
11 8 (2.68%) Hadoop
11 8 (2.68%) MongoDB
12 7 (2.35%) Apache Hive
13 3 (1.01%) Cosmos DB
13 3 (1.01%) Relational Database
14 2 (0.67%) PostgreSQL
14 2 (0.67%) RDBMS
15 1 (0.34%) Data Warehouse
15 1 (0.34%) SQL Server 2008
Development Applications
1 90 (30.20%) Git (software)
2 44 (14.77%) Jenkins
3 32 (10.74%) Visual Studio
4 19 (6.38%) webpack
5 18 (6.04%) Team Foundation Server
6 16 (5.37%) Grunt
7 15 (5.03%) Bower
8 10 (3.36%) Selenium
9 8 (2.68%) Cypress.io
10 6 (2.01%) Visual Studio Team System
11 5 (1.68%) CircleCI
12 4 (1.34%) GitLab
12 4 (1.34%) gulp
12 4 (1.34%) JIRA
12 4 (1.34%) Maven
12 4 (1.34%) Travis CI
13 3 (1.01%) Babel
13 3 (1.01%) Jasmine
13 3 (1.01%) JUnit
13 3 (1.01%) PhantomJS
General
1 88 (29.53%) Finance
2 39 (13.09%) Banking
3 37 (12.42%) Marketing
4 30 (10.07%) Private Banking
5 9 (3.02%) Back Office
6 7 (2.35%) Law
7 5 (1.68%) Retail Banking
8 3 (1.01%) Advertising
8 3 (1.01%) Games
8 3 (1.01%) Public Sector
8 3 (1.01%) Publishing
9 2 (0.67%) Electronics
9 2 (0.67%) Financial Institution
9 2 (0.67%) Front Office
9 2 (0.67%) Manufacturing
9 2 (0.67%) Telecoms
10 1 (0.34%) Investment Banking
10 1 (0.34%) Legal
10 1 (0.34%) Retail
Job Titles
1 188 (63.09%) Developer
2 48 (16.11%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 38 (12.75%) PHP Developer
4 37 (12.42%) Architect
5 34 (11.41%) Senior Developer
6 26 (8.72%) Full Stack Developer
7 25 (8.39%) Lead Developer
8 24 (8.05%) .NET Developer
8 24 (8.05%) JavaScript Developer
9 23 (7.72%) Web Developer
10 22 (7.38%) Software Engineer
11 21 (7.05%) React Developer
12 20 (6.71%) Moodle Developer
13 18 (6.04%) Java Developer
14 16 (5.37%) Backend Developer
15 15 (5.03%) C# Developer
16 14 (4.70%) Angular Developer
17 13 (4.36%) Solutions Architect
18 12 (4.03%) HTML Developer
18 12 (4.03%) Technical Leader
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 262 (87.92%) HTML
2 135 (45.30%) AngularJS
3 106 (35.57%) HTML5
4 105 (35.23%) .NET
5 96 (32.21%) React
6 65 (21.81%) CSS3
7 63 (21.14%) Web Services
8 60 (20.13%) REST
9 59 (19.80%) ASP.NET
10 53 (17.79%) Sass
11 46 (15.44%) XML
12 44 (14.77%) Node.js
12 44 (14.77%) Twitter Bootstrap
13 43 (14.43%) jQuery
13 43 (14.43%) Vue.js
14 38 (12.75%) LESS
15 31 (10.40%) WCF
16 30 (10.07%) ASP.NET Web API
16 30 (10.07%) XSD
17 29 (9.73%) .NET Core
Miscellaneous
1 31 (10.40%) User Experience
2 21 (7.05%) e-Learning
3 17 (5.70%) Enterprise Software
4 13 (4.36%) N-Tier
5 11 (3.69%) Analytical Skills
6 10 (3.36%) SCORM
7 9 (3.02%) Greenfield Project
7 9 (3.02%) Mobile App
8 4 (1.34%) Self-Motivation
8 4 (1.34%) W3C
9 3 (1.01%) Blog
9 3 (1.01%) Clustering
9 3 (1.01%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
10 2 (0.67%) Derivative
10 2 (0.67%) Media Streaming
10 2 (0.67%) Reinsurance
10 2 (0.67%) Video\Live Streaming
11 1 (0.34%) Graphic Design
11 1 (0.34%) Life Science
11 1 (0.34%) Spread Betting
Operating Systems
1 7 (2.35%) Linux
2 6 (2.01%) Windows
3 2 (0.67%) Unix
4 1 (0.34%) Ubuntu
Processes & Methodologies
1 148 (49.66%) Agile Software Development
2 92 (30.87%) Web Development
3 87 (29.19%) TDD
4 85 (28.52%) DevOps
5 73 (24.50%) OO
6 66 (22.15%) Scrum
7 64 (21.48%) MVC
8 58 (19.46%) Front End Development
9 54 (18.12%) Continuous Integration
10 52 (17.45%) CRM
11 44 (14.77%) Microservices
12 40 (13.42%) Software Engineering
13 37 (12.42%) Test Automation
14 32 (10.74%) OWASP
15 30 (10.07%) OOD
16 28 (9.40%) SOLID
17 27 (9.06%) Digital Transformation Programme
18 26 (8.72%) Analytics
18 26 (8.72%) Deployment Automation
18 26 (8.72%) Problem-Solving
Programming Languages
1 256 (85.91%) JavaScript
2 90 (30.20%) SQL
3 60 (20.13%) C#
3 60 (20.13%) PHP
4 43 (14.43%) TypeScript
5 34 (11.41%) Java
6 31 (10.40%) ES6
7 20 (6.71%) Python
8 13 (4.36%) T-SQL
9 12 (4.03%) PowerShell
10 7 (2.35%) ES7
10 7 (2.35%) Kotlin
10 7 (2.35%) Ruby
10 7 (2.35%) Scala
11 3 (1.01%) C++
11 3 (1.01%) F#
11 3 (1.01%) PL/SQL
12 2 (0.67%) Apex Code
12 2 (0.67%) PHP 7
12 2 (0.67%) VB.NET
Qualifications
1 62 (20.81%) Degree
2 19 (6.38%) Computer Science Degree
3 1 (0.34%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
3 1 (0.34%) Numerate Degree
3 1 (0.34%) Security Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 9 (3.02%) QA
2 4 (1.34%) PSD2
3 1 (0.34%) MiFID
System Software
1 47 (15.77%) Docker
Systems Management
1 13 (4.36%) Kubernetes
2 12 (4.03%) Terraform
3 2 (0.67%) Opscode Chef
4 1 (0.34%) Rancher
Vendors
1 71 (23.83%) Microsoft
2 12 (4.03%) Google
2 12 (4.03%) Nintex
3 11 (3.69%) Siebel
4 10 (3.36%) Databricks
5 9 (3.02%) Sparx
6 8 (2.68%) Adobe
6 8 (2.68%) Salesforce.com
7 6 (2.01%) Oracle
7 6 (2.01%) Twitter
8 3 (1.01%) Apple
9 2 (0.67%) Atlassian
9 2 (0.67%) SAP
10 1 (0.34%) Foundry
10 1 (0.34%) IBM
10 1 (0.34%) OutSystems
10 1 (0.34%) Remedy