Period
to 12 December 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for CSS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited CSS over the 6 months to 12 December 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

CSS (Cascading Style Sheets)
Central London > City of London
6 months to
12 Dec 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 19 18 17
Rank change year-on-year -1 -1 +3
Permanent jobs citing CSS 1,112 1,053 1,223
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the City of London 10.42% 10.17% 10.73%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 24.06% 25.59% 26.32%
Number of salaries quoted 1,005 946 1,135
City of London median annual salary £65,000 £57,500 £55,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +13.04% +4.55% +10.00%
10th Percentile £37,500 £36,875 £35,950
90th Percentile £87,500 £80,000 £77,500
Central London median annual salary £60,000 £55,000 £55,000
% change year-on-year +9.09% - +10.00%

CSS is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
City of London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 4,622 4,115 4,646
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the City of London 43.33% 39.72% 40.75%
Number of salaries quoted 4,224 3,734 4,269
City of London median annual salary £65,000 £62,500 £60,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.00% +4.17% +4.35%
10th Percentile £42,500 £40,000 £38,500
90th Percentile £93,750 £91,250 £88,750
Central London median annual salary £65,000 £60,000 £57,500
% change year-on-year +8.33% +4.35% -

CSS
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing CSS as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for CSS in the City of London

CSS
Salary Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing CSS in the City of London.

Salary trend for CSS in the City of London

CSS
Salary Histogram in the City of London

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing CSS in the City of London over the 6 months to 12 December 2018.

Salary histogram for CSS in the City of London

CSS
Job Locations in the City of London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing CSS within the City of London region over the 6 months to 12 December 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London Bridge -9 6 £55,000 +46.67%
Moorgate - 2 £67,500 -
CSS
Central London

For the 6 months to 12 December 2018, IT jobs citing CSS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for CSS.

1 965 (86.78%) JavaScript
2 959 (86.24%) HTML
3 518 (46.58%) Agile Software Development
4 456 (41.01%) C#
5 433 (38.94%) .NET
6 409 (36.78%) SQL
7 396 (35.61%) AngularJS
8 359 (32.28%) MVC
9 336 (30.22%) jQuery
10 295 (26.53%) React
11 288 (25.90%) HTML5
12 272 (24.46%) ASP.NET
13 270 (24.28%) SQL Server
14 262 (23.56%) Finance
15 249 (22.39%) Front End Development
16 240 (21.58%) CSS3
17 235 (21.13%) Web Development
18 226 (20.32%) Git (software)
19 220 (19.78%) Java
20 214 (19.24%) OO
21 206 (18.53%) ASP.NET Web API
22 195 (17.54%) Microsoft Azure
23 187 (16.82%) Scrum
24 178 (16.01%) TDD
25 169 (15.20%) T-SQL
26 164 (14.75%) User Experience
27 154 (13.85%) ASP.NET MVC
28 152 (13.67%) Twitter Bootstrap
29 151 (13.58%) PHP
30 150 (13.49%) Microservices

CSS
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 83 (7.46%) CMS
2 69 (6.21%) SharePoint
3 50 (4.50%) WordPress
4 33 (2.97%) Umbraco
5 26 (2.34%) IIS
6 23 (2.07%) Confluence
7 22 (1.98%) Drupal
8 21 (1.89%) Sitecore CMS
9 15 (1.35%) Apache
10 13 (1.17%) EPiServer
11 11 (0.99%) Ethereum
12 10 (0.90%) Kentico
13 9 (0.81%) Tomcat
14 8 (0.72%) Adobe Experience Manager
15 7 (0.63%) Elasticsearch
15 7 (0.63%) SharePoint 2013
16 5 (0.45%) Marvel
16 5 (0.45%) nginx
17 3 (0.27%) BizTalk Server
18 2 (0.18%) Zope
Applications
1 22 (1.98%) Photoshop
2 13 (1.17%) Adobe Illustrator
3 12 (1.08%) Adobe Creative Suite
4 10 (0.90%) Microsoft Office
5 9 (0.81%) Microsoft Excel
6 8 (0.72%) InVision
7 6 (0.54%) AutoCAD
8 5 (0.45%) InDesign
8 5 (0.45%) Microsoft PowerPoint
9 2 (0.18%) XMetaL
Business Applications
1 70 (6.29%) Dynamics CRM
2 4 (0.36%) Magento
3 2 (0.18%) Odoo
3 2 (0.18%) Sentinel
3 2 (0.18%) Shopify
4 1 (0.090%) Eloqua
4 1 (0.090%) NetSuite
Cloud Services
1 195 (17.54%) Microsoft Azure
2 118 (10.61%) Amazon AWS
3 20 (1.80%) GitHub
4 17 (1.53%) Serverless
5 16 (1.44%) npm
6 14 (1.26%) SaaS
7 9 (0.81%) Google Cloud Platform
8 6 (0.54%) AWS Lambda
8 6 (0.54%) BlazeMeter
8 6 (0.54%) Google Analytics
8 6 (0.54%) NuGet
8 6 (0.54%) Office 365
9 5 (0.45%) Cloud Computing
10 4 (0.36%) Adobe Creative Cloud
10 4 (0.36%) Amazon EC2
10 4 (0.36%) AWS CodePipeline
10 4 (0.36%) OpenShift
11 3 (0.27%) Amazon S3
11 3 (0.27%) Dynamics 365
11 3 (0.27%) Google Tag Manager
Communications & Networking
1 21 (1.89%) Internet
2 19 (1.71%) HTTP
3 5 (0.45%) Firewall
3 5 (0.45%) TCP/IP
4 4 (0.36%) Intranet
4 4 (0.36%) SSL
5 3 (0.27%) HTTPS
6 2 (0.18%) DNS
7 1 (0.090%) AMQP
7 1 (0.090%) SMS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 270 (24.28%) SQL Server
2 83 (7.46%) MySQL
3 72 (6.47%) NoSQL
4 51 (4.59%) Relational Database
5 36 (3.24%) SQL Server Reporting Services
6 35 (3.15%) Blockchain
7 33 (2.97%) SQL Server Integration Services
8 27 (2.43%) Redis
9 26 (2.34%) MongoDB
10 23 (2.07%) PostgreSQL
11 22 (1.98%) Data Warehouse
12 18 (1.62%) Big Data
13 17 (1.53%) SQL Server 2012
13 17 (1.53%) SQL Server 2014
14 16 (1.44%) Power BI
15 13 (1.17%) BigQuery
16 12 (1.08%) RDBMS
17 6 (0.54%) Data Lake
17 6 (0.54%) SQL Server 2008
17 6 (0.54%) SQL Server Analysis Services
Development Applications
1 226 (20.32%) Git (software)
2 108 (9.71%) Team Foundation Server
3 67 (6.03%) Jenkins
4 65 (5.85%) Visual Studio Team System
5 60 (5.40%) TeamCity
5 60 (5.40%) webpack
6 56 (5.04%) Visual Studio
7 45 (4.05%) NUnit
8 42 (3.78%) JIRA
9 40 (3.60%) Jasmine
10 39 (3.51%) gulp
10 39 (3.51%) Octopus Deploy
11 37 (3.33%) Selenium
12 31 (2.79%) Grunt
13 28 (2.52%) Subversion
14 23 (2.07%) SpecFlow
15 22 (1.98%) Atlassian Bamboo
16 19 (1.71%) Protractor
17 15 (1.35%) JUnit
17 15 (1.35%) Rhino Mocks
General
1 262 (23.56%) Finance
2 68 (6.12%) Advertising
3 65 (5.85%) Marketing
4 54 (4.86%) Banking
5 34 (3.06%) Retail
6 24 (2.16%) Back Office
7 20 (1.80%) Publishing
8 19 (1.71%) Law
9 17 (1.53%) Financial Institution
10 15 (1.35%) Games
11 10 (0.90%) Investment Banking
12 7 (0.63%) Front Office
13 4 (0.36%) Legal
13 4 (0.36%) Retail Banking
13 4 (0.36%) Retail Finance
14 3 (0.27%) Automotive
15 2 (0.18%) French Language
15 2 (0.18%) German Language
15 2 (0.18%) Multimedia
15 2 (0.18%) Telecoms
Job Titles
1 828 (74.46%) Developer
2 197 (17.72%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 178 (16.01%) Senior Developer
4 172 (15.47%) .NET Developer
5 161 (14.48%) C# Developer
6 147 (13.22%) Full Stack Developer
7 104 (9.35%) Web Developer
8 96 (8.63%) Java Developer
9 93 (8.36%) C# .NET Developer
10 84 (7.55%) JavaScript Developer
11 81 (7.28%) Architect
12 78 (7.01%) Lead Developer
13 65 (5.85%) Angular Developer
14 52 (4.68%) PHP Developer
15 50 (4.50%) Solutions Architect
16 47 (4.23%) Software Engineer
17 44 (3.96%) .NET Web Developer
18 42 (3.78%) React Developer
19 39 (3.51%) ASP.NET MVC Developer
19 39 (3.51%) Azure Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 959 (86.24%) HTML
2 433 (38.94%) .NET
3 396 (35.61%) AngularJS
4 336 (30.22%) jQuery
5 295 (26.53%) React
6 288 (25.90%) HTML5
7 272 (24.46%) ASP.NET
8 240 (21.58%) CSS3
9 206 (18.53%) ASP.NET Web API
10 154 (13.85%) ASP.NET MVC
11 152 (13.67%) Twitter Bootstrap
12 135 (12.14%) Web Services
13 128 (11.51%) .NET Core
14 125 (11.24%) Sass
15 123 (11.06%) Vue.js
16 122 (10.97%) Entity Framework
17 120 (10.79%) RESTful
18 111 (9.98%) REST
19 107 (9.62%) .NET Framework
20 105 (9.44%) Node.js
Miscellaneous
1 164 (14.75%) User Experience
2 93 (8.36%) Greenfield Project
3 92 (8.27%) Fintech
4 85 (7.64%) Mobile App
5 68 (6.12%) N-Tier
6 47 (4.23%) Analytical Skills
7 35 (3.15%) Xbox
8 24 (2.16%) Self-Motivation
9 13 (1.17%) Reinsurance
10 10 (0.90%) iSeries
10 10 (0.90%) Mainframe
11 9 (0.81%) Algorithms
11 9 (0.81%) Data Structures
12 8 (0.72%) W3C
13 7 (0.63%) Enterprise Software
13 7 (0.63%) Video\Live Streaming
14 6 (0.54%) Digital Media
14 6 (0.54%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
14 6 (0.54%) Hedge funds
14 6 (0.54%) Social Media
Operating Systems
1 65 (5.85%) Linux
2 43 (3.87%) Windows
3 30 (2.70%) Android
4 26 (2.34%) Apple iOS
5 9 (0.81%) Windows Server
6 5 (0.45%) CentOS
6 5 (0.45%) Unix
7 3 (0.27%) openSUSE
7 3 (0.27%) Ubuntu
8 2 (0.18%) Mac OS
8 2 (0.18%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 2 (0.18%) Windows Server 2012
9 1 (0.090%) Debian
Processes & Methodologies
1 518 (46.58%) Agile Software Development
2 359 (32.28%) MVC
3 249 (22.39%) Front End Development
4 235 (21.13%) Web Development
5 214 (19.24%) OO
6 187 (16.82%) Scrum
7 178 (16.01%) TDD
8 150 (13.49%) Microservices
9 132 (11.87%) Software Engineering
10 131 (11.78%) SOLID
11 122 (10.97%) Test Automation
12 121 (10.88%) Continuous Integration
13 93 (8.36%) Waterfall
14 88 (7.91%) SOA
15 87 (7.82%) DevOps
16 78 (7.01%) CRM
17 70 (6.29%) Problem-Solving
18 69 (6.21%) Unit Testing
19 68 (6.12%) E-Commerce
20 67 (6.03%) OOP
Programming Languages
1 965 (86.78%) JavaScript
2 456 (41.01%) C#
3 409 (36.78%) SQL
4 220 (19.78%) Java
5 169 (15.20%) T-SQL
6 151 (13.58%) PHP
7 109 (9.80%) ES6
8 106 (9.53%) TypeScript
9 77 (6.92%) Python
10 53 (4.77%) Java 8
11 35 (3.15%) C++
12 21 (1.89%) ES7
12 21 (1.89%) PowerShell
12 21 (1.89%) VB.NET
13 18 (1.62%) Ruby
14 14 (1.26%) PHP 7
15 11 (0.99%) ANSI SQL
15 11 (0.99%) C
16 9 (0.81%) Groovy
17 8 (0.72%) PL/SQL
Qualifications
1 126 (11.33%) Degree
2 35 (3.15%) PhD
3 30 (2.70%) Computer Science Degree
4 14 (1.26%) Security Cleared
5 13 (1.17%) SC Cleared
6 1 (0.090%) DV Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 32 (2.88%) QA
2 6 (0.54%) WAI
3 5 (0.45%) WCAG
4 4 (0.36%) Data Quality
5 2 (0.18%) GDPR
5 2 (0.18%) SLA
6 1 (0.090%) ISO 9001
System Software
1 37 (3.33%) Docker
2 5 (0.45%) Active Directory
3 4 (0.36%) Varnish
3 4 (0.36%) VMware Infrastructure
4 1 (0.090%) LXC
Systems Management
1 26 (2.34%) Opscode Chef
2 21 (1.89%) Puppet
3 19 (1.71%) Ansible
4 13 (1.17%) Terraform
5 4 (0.36%) Graphite
5 4 (0.36%) logstash
6 3 (0.27%) LiteSpeed
6 3 (0.27%) Salt
7 2 (0.18%) HP Quality Center
7 2 (0.18%) Kubernetes
8 1 (0.090%) TeamSite
Vendors
1 143 (12.86%) Microsoft
2 46 (4.14%) Nintex
3 29 (2.61%) Sitecore
4 23 (2.07%) Adobe
5 22 (1.98%) Google
6 21 (1.89%) Oracle
7 13 (1.17%) Salesforce.com
8 12 (1.08%) IBM
8 12 (1.08%) Remedy
9 9 (0.81%) Marketo
10 8 (0.72%) Civica
11 7 (0.63%) Rackspace
12 6 (0.54%) Zend
13 5 (0.45%) Telerik
13 5 (0.45%) VMware
14 4 (0.36%) HubSpot
15 3 (0.27%) Facebook
15 3 (0.27%) Pardot
15 3 (0.27%) Salesforce Marketing Cloud
15 3 (0.27%) Xamarin