Period
to 27 May 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for CSS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited CSS over the 6 months to 27 May 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

CSS (Cascading Style Sheets)
Central London > City of London
6 months to
27 May 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 17 18 21
Rank change year-on-year +1 +3 -2
Permanent jobs citing CSS 1,068 1,008 1,186
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the City of London 10.07% 9.84% 8.77%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 24.26% 25.60% 22.30%
Number of salaries quoted 971 896 1,129
City of London median annual salary £60,000 £55,000 £50,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +9.09% +8.91% +1.00%
10th Percentile £37,250 £36,250 £32,500
90th Percentile £85,000 £78,750 £77,500
Central London median annual salary £58,000 £52,500 £50,000
% change year-on-year +10.48% +5.00% -

CSS is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
City of London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 4,403 3,938 5,318
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the City of London 41.50% 38.43% 39.35%
Number of salaries quoted 3,874 3,523 4,765
City of London median annual salary £65,000 £60,000 £57,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +8.33% +4.35% +4.55%
10th Percentile £40,575 £37,500 £37,500
90th Percentile £94,250 £91,250 £86,250
Central London median annual salary £62,500 £60,000 £57,500
% change year-on-year +4.17% +4.35% +4.55%

CSS
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing CSS as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for CSS in the City of London

CSS
Salary Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing CSS in the City of London.

Salary trend for CSS in the City of London

CSS
Salary Histogram in the City of London

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing CSS in the City of London over the 6 months to 27 May 2018.

Salary histogram for CSS in the City of London

CSS
Job Locations in the City of London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing CSS within the City of London region over the 6 months to 27 May 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London Bridge -1 6 £52,500 +31.25%
Moorgate +5 1 £31,500 -37.00%
CSS
Central London

For the 6 months to 27 May 2018, IT jobs citing CSS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for CSS.

1 944 (88.39%) JavaScript
2 906 (84.83%) HTML
3 416 (38.95%) AngularJS
4 411 (38.48%) Agile Software Development
5 371 (34.74%) SQL
6 370 (34.64%) .NET
7 368 (34.46%) C#
8 349 (32.68%) HTML5
9 332 (31.09%) Finance
10 330 (30.90%) Web Development
11 289 (27.06%) CSS3
12 277 (25.94%) Java
13 275 (25.75%) jQuery
14 268 (25.09%) MVC
15 267 (25.00%) ASP.NET
16 251 (23.50%) Git (software)
17 249 (23.31%) Front End Development
18 233 (21.82%) PHP
19 219 (20.51%) SQL Server
20 204 (19.10%) React
21 198 (18.54%) TDD
22 178 (16.67%) Microsoft
22 178 (16.67%) RESTful
23 170 (15.92%) Software Engineering
24 166 (15.54%) Sass
25 152 (14.23%) User Experience
26 150 (14.04%) Scrum
26 150 (14.04%) OO
27 146 (13.67%) ASP.NET MVC
28 139 (13.01%) Node.js

CSS
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 101 (9.46%) CMS
2 60 (5.62%) SharePoint
3 43 (4.03%) WordPress
4 36 (3.37%) Apache
4 36 (3.37%) Drupal
5 23 (2.15%) Elasticsearch
6 22 (2.06%) Tomcat
7 21 (1.97%) Umbraco
8 18 (1.69%) Sitecore CMS
9 15 (1.40%) Confluence
9 15 (1.40%) IIS
10 14 (1.31%) JBoss
10 14 (1.31%) SharePoint 2010
11 13 (1.22%) EPiServer
11 13 (1.22%) Kentico
11 13 (1.22%) SharePoint 2013
12 10 (0.94%) Apache Solr
13 8 (0.75%) Ethereum
13 8 (0.75%) nginx
14 6 (0.56%) WebLogic
Applications
1 24 (2.25%) Photoshop
2 18 (1.69%) Microsoft Excel
3 13 (1.22%) Adobe Illustrator
4 12 (1.12%) Adobe Creative Suite
5 7 (0.66%) Microsoft Office
6 5 (0.47%) InVision
7 4 (0.37%) InDesign
8 3 (0.28%) Microsoft PowerPoint
8 3 (0.28%) Spreadsheet
9 2 (0.19%) GIMP
9 2 (0.19%) Microsoft Project
9 2 (0.19%) OmniGraffle
9 2 (0.19%) UXPin
10 1 (0.094%) Adobe Premiere
10 1 (0.094%) InfoPath
Business Applications
1 19 (1.78%) Dynamics CRM
2 16 (1.50%) Distributed Ledger
3 5 (0.47%) Payment Gateway
4 4 (0.37%) Salesforce.com CRM
5 2 (0.19%) Dynamics NAV
5 2 (0.19%) Magento
5 2 (0.19%) Temenos T24
Cloud Services
1 105 (9.83%) Microsoft Azure
2 97 (9.08%) Amazon AWS
3 46 (4.31%) GitHub
4 29 (2.72%) Serverless
5 26 (2.43%) Amazon S3
5 26 (2.43%) npm
6 22 (2.06%) Amazon EC2
7 21 (1.97%) AWS Lambda
8 12 (1.12%) Office 365
8 12 (1.12%) PaaS
8 12 (1.12%) SaaS
9 10 (0.94%) Cloud Computing
9 10 (0.94%) CloudFront
9 10 (0.94%) Slack
10 9 (0.84%) Amazon SQS
10 9 (0.84%) AWS CloudFormation
10 9 (0.84%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
10 9 (0.84%) Google Cloud Platform
10 9 (0.84%) IaaS
10 9 (0.84%) Trello
Communications & Networking
1 26 (2.43%) Internet
2 24 (2.25%) HTTP
3 9 (0.84%) Intranet
4 3 (0.28%) TCP/IP
5 2 (0.19%) FIX Connectivity
5 2 (0.19%) Skype
6 1 (0.094%) BGP
6 1 (0.094%) DNS
6 1 (0.094%) EIGRP
6 1 (0.094%) Extranet
6 1 (0.094%) LAN
6 1 (0.094%) OSPF
6 1 (0.094%) SSH
Database & Business Intelligence
1 219 (20.51%) SQL Server
2 114 (10.67%) MySQL
3 73 (6.84%) NoSQL
4 65 (6.09%) PostgreSQL
5 53 (4.96%) MongoDB
6 42 (3.93%) Relational Database
7 35 (3.28%) Blockchain
8 32 (3.00%) Redis
9 25 (2.34%) SQL Server Integration Services
9 25 (2.34%) SQL Server Reporting Services
10 12 (1.12%) Amazon RDS
10 12 (1.12%) Cosmos DB
11 11 (1.03%) SQL Server 2012
12 10 (0.94%) Amazon DynamoDB
12 10 (0.94%) Data Warehouse
13 9 (0.84%) Big Data
13 9 (0.84%) SQL Server 2008
14 8 (0.75%) SQL Server 2014
15 7 (0.66%) BigQuery
16 6 (0.56%) MarkLogic
Development Applications
1 251 (23.50%) Git (software)
2 62 (5.81%) Jenkins
3 60 (5.62%) Visual Studio
4 57 (5.34%) JIRA
5 53 (4.96%) Grunt
6 52 (4.87%) webpack
7 46 (4.31%) gulp
8 43 (4.03%) Team Foundation Server
9 41 (3.84%) Jasmine
10 37 (3.46%) Selenium
10 37 (3.46%) Visual Studio Team System
11 34 (3.18%) Subversion
12 27 (2.53%) TeamCity
13 25 (2.34%) Maven
14 21 (1.97%) Karma Test Runner
15 19 (1.78%) Bitbucket
16 18 (1.69%) JUnit
16 18 (1.69%) Mocha
17 16 (1.50%) Gradle
17 16 (1.50%) Octopus Deploy
General
1 332 (31.09%) Finance
2 115 (10.77%) Advertising
3 93 (8.71%) Banking
4 39 (3.65%) Retail
5 32 (3.00%) Marketing
6 26 (2.43%) Legal
7 20 (1.87%) Telecoms
8 16 (1.50%) Publishing
9 15 (1.40%) Financial Institution
10 13 (1.22%) Back Office
10 13 (1.22%) Investment Banking
11 11 (1.03%) Games
12 6 (0.56%) Law
12 6 (0.56%) Multimedia
13 5 (0.47%) Automotive
13 5 (0.47%) Front Office
14 2 (0.19%) Retail Banking
15 1 (0.094%) Billing
15 1 (0.094%) Digital Economy
Job Titles
1 855 (80.06%) Developer
2 176 (16.48%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 171 (16.01%) .NET Developer
4 157 (14.70%) Senior Developer
5 146 (13.67%) C# Developer
6 129 (12.08%) Full Stack Developer
7 127 (11.89%) Java Developer
8 109 (10.21%) Web Developer
9 104 (9.74%) C# .NET Developer
10 87 (8.15%) JavaScript Developer
11 83 (7.77%) Angular Developer
12 56 (5.24%) C# Web Developer
13 52 (4.87%) Lead Developer
14 51 (4.78%) PHP Developer
14 51 (4.78%) Software Engineer
15 46 (4.31%) .NET Web Developer
16 43 (4.03%) React Developer
17 42 (3.93%) ASP.NET Developer
18 41 (3.84%) HTML Developer
19 40 (3.75%) C# ASP.NET Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 906 (84.83%) HTML
2 416 (38.95%) AngularJS
3 370 (34.64%) .NET
4 349 (32.68%) HTML5
5 289 (27.06%) CSS3
6 275 (25.75%) jQuery
7 267 (25.00%) ASP.NET
8 204 (19.10%) React
9 178 (16.67%) RESTful
10 166 (15.54%) Sass
11 146 (13.67%) ASP.NET MVC
12 139 (13.01%) Node.js
12 139 (13.01%) Web Services
13 128 (11.99%) Spring
14 106 (9.93%) Ajax
15 100 (9.36%) REST
16 99 (9.27%) Hibernate
17 97 (9.08%) Twitter Bootstrap
18 95 (8.90%) ASP.NET Web API
19 80 (7.49%) LESS
Miscellaneous
1 152 (14.23%) User Experience
2 123 (11.52%) Greenfield Project
3 105 (9.83%) Fintech
4 103 (9.64%) Computer Science
5 66 (6.18%) Mobile App
6 52 (4.87%) Analytical Skills
7 18 (1.69%) N-Tier
8 17 (1.59%) Self-Motivation
9 15 (1.40%) Xbox
10 13 (1.22%) Data Structures
10 13 (1.22%) Hedge funds
11 11 (1.03%) W3C
12 10 (0.94%) Enterprise Software
13 9 (0.84%) Animation
13 9 (0.84%) Bitcoin
14 7 (0.66%) Algorithms
14 7 (0.66%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
14 7 (0.66%) Linux Command Line
14 7 (0.66%) Social Media
15 6 (0.56%) Reinsurance
Operating Systems
1 73 (6.84%) Linux
2 56 (5.24%) Windows
3 43 (4.03%) Android
4 25 (2.34%) Apple iOS
5 15 (1.40%) Ubuntu
6 13 (1.22%) openSUSE
7 7 (0.66%) VMS
8 6 (0.56%) Windows Server
9 5 (0.47%) Unix
10 4 (0.37%) CentOS
11 3 (0.28%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
12 2 (0.19%) Debian
13 1 (0.094%) Mac OS
13 1 (0.094%) Mac OS X
13 1 (0.094%) Windows Embedded Compact
13 1 (0.094%) Windows Server 2008
13 1 (0.094%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 411 (38.48%) Agile Software Development
2 330 (30.90%) Web Development
3 268 (25.09%) MVC
4 249 (23.31%) Front End Development
5 198 (18.54%) TDD
6 170 (15.92%) Software Engineering
7 150 (14.04%) OO
7 150 (14.04%) Scrum
8 103 (9.64%) Continuous Integration
9 91 (8.52%) Unit Testing
10 89 (8.33%) Problem-Solving
11 88 (8.24%) Test Automation
12 85 (7.96%) Workflow
13 80 (7.49%) BDD
14 75 (7.02%) E-Commerce
15 69 (6.46%) Responsive Web Design
16 60 (5.62%) DevOps
17 56 (5.24%) Analytics
17 56 (5.24%) Microservices
18 40 (3.75%) Mentoring
Programming Languages
1 944 (88.39%) JavaScript
2 371 (34.74%) SQL
3 368 (34.46%) C#
4 277 (25.94%) Java
5 233 (21.82%) PHP
6 82 (7.68%) Python
7 72 (6.74%) TypeScript
8 65 (6.09%) ES6
9 57 (5.34%) T-SQL
10 47 (4.40%) Java 8
11 39 (3.65%) Ruby
12 34 (3.18%) PowerShell
13 23 (2.15%) Apex Code
14 22 (2.06%) Groovy
15 18 (1.69%) Perl
16 17 (1.59%) VB.NET
17 15 (1.40%) Bash Shell
18 11 (1.03%) ES7
19 10 (0.94%) VBA
20 9 (0.84%) PL/SQL
Qualifications
1 132 (12.36%) Degree
2 64 (5.99%) Computer Science Degree
3 16 (1.50%) PhD
4 5 (0.47%) SC Cleared
4 5 (0.47%) Security Cleared
5 4 (0.37%) PMI Certification
6 3 (0.28%) ITIL Certification
6 3 (0.28%) Master's Degree
6 3 (0.28%) Microsoft Certification
7 2 (0.19%) BPSS Clearance
8 1 (0.094%) ISEB
8 1 (0.094%) ISTQB
8 1 (0.094%) MCP
8 1 (0.094%) MCSD
8 1 (0.094%) MCSE
8 1 (0.094%) MCTS
8 1 (0.094%) PMP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 62 (5.81%) QA
2 6 (0.56%) Data Quality
3 5 (0.47%) WCAG
4 3 (0.28%) GCP
4 3 (0.28%) ISO 9001
5 2 (0.19%) MiFID
5 2 (0.19%) PMO
6 1 (0.094%) GDPR
System Software
1 52 (4.87%) Docker
2 7 (0.66%) Active Directory
2 7 (0.66%) Virtual Machines
3 5 (0.47%) GridGain
4 3 (0.28%) Varnish
Systems Management
1 17 (1.59%) Puppet
2 16 (1.50%) Opscode Chef
3 13 (1.22%) Salt
4 11 (1.03%) Kubernetes
5 8 (0.75%) Docker Swarm
6 5 (0.47%) Ansible
6 5 (0.47%) logstash
7 4 (0.37%) Nagios
7 4 (0.37%) Single Sign-On
8 2 (0.19%) Prometheus
8 2 (0.19%) Terraform
8 2 (0.19%) ZABBIX
9 1 (0.094%) Graphite
9 1 (0.094%) Kibana
9 1 (0.094%) Mesos
9 1 (0.094%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
Vendors
1 178 (16.67%) Microsoft
2 57 (5.34%) Oracle
3 27 (2.53%) Salesforce.com
4 26 (2.43%) Nintex
5 21 (1.97%) Adobe
5 21 (1.97%) Sitecore
6 16 (1.50%) Google
7 11 (1.03%) hybris
8 9 (0.84%) Splunk
9 8 (0.75%) New Relic
10 7 (0.66%) Zend
11 6 (0.56%) LexisNexis
11 6 (0.56%) Twitter
12 5 (0.47%) Capita
13 4 (0.37%) MuleSoft
13 4 (0.37%) Red Hat
14 3 (0.28%) Optimizely
14 3 (0.28%) PayPal
14 3 (0.28%) Percona
14 3 (0.28%) WorldPay