Period
to 21 October 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for CSS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited CSS over the 6 months to 21 October 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

CSS (Cascading Style Sheets)
Central London > City of London
6 months to
21 Oct 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 28 19 17
Rank change year-on-year -9 -2 0
Permanent jobs citing CSS 787 1,193 1,069
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the City of London 7.87% 10.80% 10.75%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 20.37% 25.09% 27.26%
Number of salaries quoted 679 1,090 940
City of London median annual salary £65,000 £62,500 £57,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.00% +8.70% +4.55%
10th Percentile £42,500 £37,500 £36,250
90th Percentile £86,500 £87,500 £75,000
Central London median annual salary £65,000 £60,000 £55,000
% change year-on-year +8.33% +9.09% -

CSS is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
City of London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 3,863 4,755 3,922
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the City of London 38.65% 43.03% 39.45%
Number of salaries quoted 3,459 4,358 3,539
City of London median annual salary £70,000 £65,000 £62,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +7.69% +4.00% +4.17%
10th Percentile £45,000 £42,500 £40,000
90th Percentile £95,000 £93,750 £90,000
Central London median annual salary £70,000 £65,000 £60,000
% change year-on-year +7.69% +8.33% +4.35%

CSS
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing CSS as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for CSS in the City of London

CSS
Salary Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing CSS in the City of London.

Salary trend for CSS in the City of London

CSS
Salary Histogram in the City of London

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing CSS in the City of London over the 6 months to 21 October 2019.

Salary histogram for CSS in the City of London

CSS
Job Locations in the City of London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing CSS within the City of London region over the 6 months to 21 October 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London Bridge +12 30 £65,000 +26.83%
Moorgate 0 4 £80,000 +18.52%
CSS
Central London

For the 6 months to 21 October 2019, IT jobs citing CSS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for CSS.

1 696 (88.44%) JavaScript
2 695 (88.31%) HTML
3 376 (47.78%) Agile Software Development
4 282 (35.83%) React
5 274 (34.82%) HTML5
6 264 (33.55%) C#
7 261 (33.16%) .NET
8 256 (32.53%) AngularJS
9 219 (27.83%) SQL
10 211 (26.81%) Front End Development
11 203 (25.79%) CSS3
12 202 (25.67%) Finance
13 192 (24.40%) jQuery
14 183 (23.25%) MVC
15 181 (23.00%) Git (software)
16 164 (20.84%) Web Development
16 164 (20.84%) User Experience
17 153 (19.44%) SQL Server
18 148 (18.81%) TDD
19 147 (18.68%) ASP.NET
20 134 (17.03%) Twitter Bootstrap
21 128 (16.26%) Azure
22 123 (15.63%) Microsoft
22 123 (15.63%) DevOps
23 115 (14.61%) Node.js
24 114 (14.49%) Redux
24 114 (14.49%) Java
25 113 (14.36%) Microservices
26 109 (13.85%) AWS
27 108 (13.72%) Scrum

CSS
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 55 (6.99%) CMS
2 37 (4.70%) Confluence
3 34 (4.32%) SharePoint
4 29 (3.68%) EPiServer
5 23 (2.92%) IIS
5 23 (2.92%) Umbraco
6 12 (1.52%) Elasticsearch
7 11 (1.40%) Headless CMS
7 11 (1.40%) Tomcat
8 9 (1.14%) WordPress
9 7 (0.89%) Sitecore CMS
10 6 (0.76%) Adobe Experience Manager
10 6 (0.76%) Apache Spark
11 5 (0.64%) Drupal
11 5 (0.64%) JBoss
11 5 (0.64%) WebLogic
11 5 (0.64%) WebSphere
12 3 (0.38%) Apache Solr
12 3 (0.38%) Cloud Foundry
12 3 (0.38%) SharePoint 2013
Applications
1 23 (2.92%) Sketch
2 18 (2.29%) Photoshop
3 14 (1.78%) InVision
4 11 (1.40%) Microsoft Excel
5 9 (1.14%) Microsoft Office
6 8 (1.02%) Marvel
7 4 (0.51%) Figma
8 3 (0.38%) Adobe Creative Suite
8 3 (0.38%) Adobe Illustrator
8 3 (0.38%) MS Visio
9 2 (0.25%) Fireworks
9 2 (0.25%) Microsoft Project
10 1 (0.13%) InCopy
10 1 (0.13%) InDesign
10 1 (0.13%) Spreadsheet
10 1 (0.13%) UXPin
Business Applications
1 30 (3.81%) Dynamics CRM
2 4 (0.51%) Magento
3 3 (0.38%) Salesforce.com CRM
4 2 (0.25%) Eloqua
4 2 (0.25%) R3 Corda
5 1 (0.13%) Dynamics NAV
5 1 (0.13%) NetSuite
Cloud Services
1 128 (16.26%) Azure
2 109 (13.85%) AWS
3 54 (6.86%) SaaS
4 53 (6.73%) GitHub
5 38 (4.83%) npm
6 34 (4.32%) GCP
7 23 (2.92%) Serverless
8 21 (2.67%) PaaS
9 20 (2.54%) AWS Lambda
10 13 (1.65%) Power Platform
11 12 (1.52%) Firebase
12 11 (1.40%) Amazon S3
12 11 (1.40%) Office 365
13 9 (1.14%) Azure Functions
14 7 (0.89%) Amazon ECS
14 7 (0.89%) IaaS
15 6 (0.76%) Adobe Creative Cloud
15 6 (0.76%) Amazon EC2
15 6 (0.76%) Trello
15 6 (0.76%) Yarn
Communications & Networking
1 44 (5.59%) Internet
2 30 (3.81%) HTTP
3 5 (0.64%) Intranet
4 3 (0.38%) DNS
4 3 (0.38%) SMS
5 1 (0.13%) Bluetooth
5 1 (0.13%) FTP
5 1 (0.13%) Network Security
5 1 (0.13%) Skype
5 1 (0.13%) SMTP
5 1 (0.13%) SNMP
5 1 (0.13%) SSH
5 1 (0.13%) TCP/IP
5 1 (0.13%) Wireshark
Database & Business Intelligence
1 153 (19.44%) SQL Server
2 72 (9.15%) MySQL
3 64 (8.13%) NoSQL
4 35 (4.45%) SQL Server 2012
5 30 (3.81%) PostgreSQL
6 18 (2.29%) Azure SQL Database
7 17 (2.16%) MongoDB
8 14 (1.78%) Relational Database
8 14 (1.78%) SQL Server Integration Services
9 13 (1.65%) Big Data
10 12 (1.52%) Amazon DynamoDB
10 12 (1.52%) SQL Server Reporting Services
11 11 (1.40%) Power BI
12 7 (0.89%) Cosmos DB
13 6 (0.76%) Apache Hive
13 6 (0.76%) Hadoop
14 5 (0.64%) Apache Cassandra
14 5 (0.64%) Data Warehouse
14 5 (0.64%) Infinispan
14 5 (0.64%) SQL Server 2017
Development Applications
1 181 (23.00%) Git (software)
2 65 (8.26%) webpack
3 57 (7.24%) JIRA
4 44 (5.59%) Visual Studio
5 33 (4.19%) Jenkins
5 33 (4.19%) Team Foundation Server
6 30 (3.81%) Babel
7 29 (3.68%) gulp
8 27 (3.43%) Bitbucket
9 23 (2.92%) Grunt
9 23 (2.92%) Visual Studio Team System
10 21 (2.67%) Selenium
11 15 (1.91%) Jasmine
11 15 (1.91%) WebDriver
12 13 (1.65%) Cucumber
13 11 (1.40%) TeamCity
14 10 (1.27%) Atlassian Bamboo
14 10 (1.27%) Eclipse
15 9 (1.14%) Mocha
15 9 (1.14%) Octopus Deploy
General
1 202 (25.67%) Finance
2 67 (8.51%) Marketing
3 44 (5.59%) Banking
4 38 (4.83%) Retail
5 37 (4.70%) Advertising
6 24 (3.05%) Law
7 19 (2.41%) Publishing
8 9 (1.14%) Front Office
8 9 (1.14%) Legal
8 9 (1.14%) Telecoms
9 7 (0.89%) Electronics
9 7 (0.89%) Games
9 7 (0.89%) Manufacturing
9 7 (0.89%) Public Sector
10 3 (0.38%) Billing
10 3 (0.38%) Investment Banking
11 2 (0.25%) Automotive
11 2 (0.25%) Financial Institution
12 1 (0.13%) Back Office
12 1 (0.13%) Wholesale Banking
Job Titles
1 595 (75.60%) Developer
2 174 (22.11%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 148 (18.81%) Senior Developer
4 117 (14.87%) .NET Developer
5 114 (14.49%) C# Developer
6 101 (12.83%) JavaScript Developer
7 87 (11.05%) React Developer
8 72 (9.15%) Web Developer
9 61 (7.75%) Full Stack Developer
10 54 (6.86%) Lead Developer
11 51 (6.48%) C# .NET Developer
12 46 (5.84%) Senior Front-End Developer
13 44 (5.59%) Java Developer
14 40 (5.08%) Angular Developer
15 33 (4.19%) UI Developer
16 31 (3.94%) Senior .NET Developer
17 30 (3.81%) Senior C# Developer
18 29 (3.68%) Senior React Developer
19 28 (3.56%) Architect
20 27 (3.43%) Software Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 695 (88.31%) HTML
2 282 (35.83%) React
3 274 (34.82%) HTML5
4 261 (33.16%) .NET
5 256 (32.53%) AngularJS
6 203 (25.79%) CSS3
7 192 (24.40%) jQuery
8 147 (18.68%) ASP.NET
9 134 (17.03%) Twitter Bootstrap
10 115 (14.61%) Node.js
11 114 (14.49%) Redux
12 96 (12.20%) RESTful
12 96 (12.20%) Sass
13 95 (12.07%) REST
14 89 (11.31%) .NET Framework
15 88 (11.18%) ASP.NET Web API
16 86 (10.93%) Web Services
17 59 (7.50%) JSON
18 56 (7.12%) LESS
18 56 (7.12%) Vue.js
Miscellaneous
1 164 (20.84%) User Experience
2 64 (8.13%) Analytical Skills
3 59 (7.50%) Mobile App
4 39 (4.96%) Greenfield Project
5 30 (3.81%) N-Tier
6 26 (3.30%) Enterprise Software
7 25 (3.18%) Robotics
8 20 (2.54%) iPad
9 18 (2.29%) Equities
10 17 (2.16%) Self-Motivation
11 16 (2.03%) Data Centre
12 15 (1.91%) Data Structures
13 13 (1.65%) Algorithms
13 13 (1.65%) Social Media
14 12 (1.52%) Management Information System
15 11 (1.40%) Blog
16 9 (1.14%) Cloud Native
17 7 (0.89%) Video on Demand
18 6 (0.76%) e-Learning
18 6 (0.76%) Video\Live Streaming
Operating Systems
1 67 (8.51%) Windows
2 35 (4.45%) Android
3 34 (4.32%) Apple iOS
4 33 (4.19%) Linux
5 21 (2.67%) Windows Server
6 10 (1.27%) Unix
7 7 (0.89%) Mac OS
8 5 (0.64%) Windows Server 2012
9 1 (0.13%) Mac OS X
Processes & Methodologies
1 376 (47.78%) Agile Software Development
2 211 (26.81%) Front End Development
3 183 (23.25%) MVC
4 164 (20.84%) Web Development
5 148 (18.81%) TDD
6 123 (15.63%) DevOps
7 113 (14.36%) Microservices
8 108 (13.72%) Scrum
9 105 (13.34%) Software Engineering
10 93 (11.82%) OO
11 92 (11.69%) Continuous Integration
12 91 (11.56%) Unit Testing
13 90 (11.44%) Test Automation
14 83 (10.55%) E-Commerce
15 77 (9.78%) Analytics
16 76 (9.66%) Fintech
17 69 (8.77%) Computer Science
17 69 (8.77%) Problem-Solving
18 63 (8.01%) BDD
19 51 (6.48%) Mentoring
Programming Languages
1 696 (88.44%) JavaScript
2 264 (33.55%) C#
3 219 (27.83%) SQL
4 114 (14.49%) Java
5 82 (10.42%) TypeScript
6 76 (9.66%) ES6
7 59 (7.50%) PHP
8 58 (7.37%) Python
9 49 (6.23%) T-SQL
10 27 (3.43%) PowerShell
11 21 (2.67%) Ruby
12 17 (2.16%) XPath
13 16 (2.03%) C
14 15 (1.91%) C++
15 13 (1.65%) Java 8
16 11 (1.40%) Apex Code
16 11 (1.40%) Groovy
17 10 (1.27%) Scala
17 10 (1.27%) VBA
18 8 (1.02%) Kotlin
Qualifications
1 76 (9.66%) Degree
2 51 (6.48%) Computer Science Degree
3 1 (0.13%) CCNA
3 1 (0.13%) Cisco Certification
3 1 (0.13%) CISM
3 1 (0.13%) CISSP
3 1 (0.13%) DBS Check
3 1 (0.13%) ISSMP
3 1 (0.13%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
3 1 (0.13%) MCP
3 1 (0.13%) MCSE
3 1 (0.13%) Microsoft Certification
3 1 (0.13%) PRINCE2 Practitioner
3 1 (0.13%) SC Cleared
3 1 (0.13%) Security Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 57 (7.24%) QA
2 21 (2.67%) WAI
3 6 (0.76%) SLA
4 2 (0.25%) WCAG
5 1 (0.13%) GDPR
System Software
1 55 (6.99%) Docker
2 6 (0.76%) Active Directory
3 5 (0.64%) VMware Infrastructure
4 1 (0.13%) Virtual Machines
Systems Management
1 26 (3.30%) Kubernetes
2 15 (1.91%) Terraform
3 11 (1.40%) SCCM
4 8 (1.02%) Ansible
5 6 (0.76%) Kibana
6 5 (0.64%) TeamSite
7 4 (0.51%) logstash
8 2 (0.25%) Grafana
8 2 (0.25%) HP Quality Center
8 2 (0.25%) Opscode Chef
Vendors
1 123 (15.63%) Microsoft
2 37 (4.70%) Google
3 25 (3.18%) Oracle
4 23 (2.92%) Salesforce.com
5 20 (2.54%) Adobe
6 18 (2.29%) Nintex
7 14 (1.78%) Atlassian
8 9 (1.14%) Sitecore
8 9 (1.14%) UiPath
9 8 (1.02%) Fidessa
10 7 (0.89%) IBM
10 7 (0.89%) SAP
10 7 (0.89%) Xamarin
11 6 (0.76%) Zend
12 5 (0.64%) Blue Prism
12 5 (0.64%) Sun
12 5 (0.64%) VMware
13 4 (0.51%) Splunk
14 3 (0.38%) Sencha
14 3 (0.38%) Zuora