Period
to 21 January 2022

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for CSS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited CSS over the 6 months to 21 January 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

CSS (Cascading Style Sheets)
Central London > City of London
6 months to
21 Jan 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 57 29 26
Rank change year-on-year -28 -3 -3
Permanent jobs citing CSS 310 373 756
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the City of London 4.97% 8.72% 8.21%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 13.67% 20.27% 21.43%
Number of salaries quoted 276 325 667
10th Percentile £42,875 £48,000 £43,750
25th Percentile £55,000 £57,500 £51,250
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £70,000 £72,500 £65,000
Median % change year-on-year -3.45% +11.54% -
75th Percentile £90,000 £88,750 £80,000
90th Percentile £103,750 £105,000 £88,750
Central London median annual salary £70,000 £70,000 £65,000
% change year-on-year - +7.69% +4.00%

CSS is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
City of London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 2,268 1,840 3,528
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the City of London 36.38% 43.00% 38.34%
Number of salaries quoted 2,020 1,653 3,176
10th Percentile £48,750 £47,500 £44,750
25th Percentile £60,000 £57,500 £55,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £77,500 £70,000 £70,000
Median % change year-on-year +10.71% - +3.70%
75th Percentile £96,313 £87,500 £85,000
90th Percentile £110,000 £105,000 £97,500
Central London median annual salary £77,500 £70,000 £70,000
% change year-on-year +10.71% - +7.69%

CSS
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing CSS as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for CSS in the City of London

CSS
Salary Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing CSS in the City of London.

Salary trend for CSS in the City of London

CSS
Salary Histogram in the City of London

Salary distribution for jobs citing CSS in the City of London over the 6 months to 21 January 2022.

Salary histogram for CSS in the City of London

For the 6 months to 21 January 2022, IT jobs citing CSS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for CSS.

1 268 (86.45%) HTML
2 240 (77.42%) JavaScript
3 136 (43.87%) Agile Software Development
4 123 (39.68%) C#
5 119 (38.39%) React
6 114 (36.77%) HTML5
7 113 (36.45%) .NET
8 108 (34.84%) AngularJS
9 95 (30.65%) Azure
10 85 (27.42%) SQL Server
11 81 (26.13%) SQL
12 80 (25.81%) DevOps
13 79 (25.48%) User Experience
14 76 (24.52%) MVC
15 74 (23.87%) Git (software)
16 73 (23.55%) Social Skills
17 72 (23.23%) TDD
18 66 (21.29%) Web Services
18 66 (21.29%) Docker
19 64 (20.65%) TypeScript
19 64 (20.65%) CSS3
19 64 (20.65%) .NET Core
20 62 (20.00%) Software Engineering
21 59 (19.03%) Node.js
22 58 (18.71%) Vue.js
23 56 (18.06%) Java
23 56 (18.06%) Finance
24 55 (17.74%) Sass
25 53 (17.10%) CI/CD
26 52 (16.77%) Front End Development

CSS
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 21 (6.77%) CMS
2 20 (6.45%) WordPress
3 18 (5.81%) Apache
4 6 (1.94%) Moodle
4 6 (1.94%) SharePoint
5 5 (1.61%) Apache Solr
6 4 (1.29%) nginx
6 4 (1.29%) Tomcat
7 2 (0.65%) Confluence
7 2 (0.65%) Umbraco
8 1 (0.32%) Cloud Foundry
8 1 (0.32%) Drupal
8 1 (0.32%) Elasticsearch
8 1 (0.32%) Sitecore CMS
Applications
1 7 (2.26%) Microsoft Excel
2 4 (1.29%) Adobe Creative Suite
2 4 (1.29%) Sketch
3 3 (0.97%) Adobe After Effects
3 3 (0.97%) Adobe Illustrator
3 3 (0.97%) Adobe Premiere
3 3 (0.97%) InDesign
3 3 (0.97%) Microsoft Office
3 3 (0.97%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 3 (0.97%) Photoshop
4 2 (0.65%) UserZoom
5 1 (0.32%) Chatbot
Business Applications
1 4 (1.29%) Dynamics CRM
Cloud Services
1 95 (30.65%) Azure
2 44 (14.19%) AWS
3 40 (12.90%) npm
4 21 (6.77%) SaaS
5 18 (5.81%) AWS CloudFormation
5 18 (5.81%) Azure Service Bus
6 17 (5.48%) Serverless
7 15 (4.84%) Azure Key Vault
8 14 (4.52%) Azure Storage
9 13 (4.19%) Azure Active Directory
9 13 (4.19%) Azure App Service
9 13 (4.19%) Azure Service Fabric
10 7 (2.26%) GitHub
10 7 (2.26%) PaaS
11 6 (1.94%) AWS Lambda
12 4 (1.29%) Figma
12 4 (1.29%) Power Platform
13 3 (0.97%) Power Automate
13 3 (0.97%) PowerApps
13 3 (0.97%) Yarn
Communications & Networking
1 10 (3.23%) Internet
2 4 (1.29%) DNS
2 4 (1.29%) HTTP
3 3 (0.97%) DHCP
4 2 (0.65%) VoIP
5 1 (0.32%) SSL
Database & Business Intelligence
1 85 (27.42%) SQL Server
2 34 (10.97%) MySQL
3 14 (4.52%) NoSQL
4 13 (4.19%) Hadoop
5 11 (3.55%) PostgreSQL
6 7 (2.26%) SQL Server 2012
6 7 (2.26%) SQL Server 2014
6 7 (2.26%) SQL Server 2016
7 6 (1.94%) MongoDB
8 5 (1.61%) Redis
9 4 (1.29%) Azure SQL Database
9 4 (1.29%) Couchbase
9 4 (1.29%) DB2
9 4 (1.29%) Power BI
9 4 (1.29%) SQL Server Integration Services
10 3 (0.97%) Amazon DynamoDB
10 3 (0.97%) Relational Database
10 3 (0.97%) SQL Server Reporting Services
11 2 (0.65%) RavenDB
11 2 (0.65%) SQL Server 2008
Development Applications
1 74 (23.87%) Git (software)
2 36 (11.61%) Grunt
3 30 (9.68%) webpack
4 28 (9.03%) JIRA
5 26 (8.39%) Jenkins
6 21 (6.77%) Visual Studio Team System
7 18 (5.81%) Bower
7 18 (5.81%) gulp
8 17 (5.48%) Team Foundation Server
9 12 (3.87%) NUnit
10 8 (2.58%) Cypress.io
11 7 (2.26%) TeamCity
12 5 (1.61%) Subversion
13 4 (1.29%) GitLab
13 4 (1.29%) Selenium
14 3 (0.97%) Jasmine
14 3 (0.97%) Mocha
14 3 (0.97%) Visual Studio
15 2 (0.65%) Cucumber
15 2 (0.65%) SpecFlow
General
1 73 (23.55%) Social Skills
2 56 (18.06%) Finance
3 33 (10.65%) Marketing
4 28 (9.03%) Advertising
5 9 (2.90%) Banking
5 9 (2.90%) Public Sector
6 8 (2.58%) Retail
7 7 (2.26%) Analytical Skills
7 7 (2.26%) Pharmaceutical
8 4 (1.29%) Documentation Skills
8 4 (1.29%) Retail Banking
9 3 (0.97%) Automotive
9 3 (0.97%) Back Office
9 3 (0.97%) Electronics
9 3 (0.97%) Front Office
9 3 (0.97%) Games
9 3 (0.97%) Local Government
9 3 (0.97%) Manufacturing
9 3 (0.97%) Telecoms
10 2 (0.65%) Legal
Job Titles
1 240 (77.42%) Developer
2 78 (25.16%) Senior Developer
3 47 (15.16%) PHP Developer
4 43 (13.87%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
4 43 (13.87%) Lead Developer
5 36 (11.61%) Software Developer
6 25 (8.06%) Angular Developer
7 23 (7.42%) .NET Developer
8 22 (7.10%) Designer
8 22 (7.10%) React Developer
8 22 (7.10%) Senior Software Developer
9 20 (6.45%) Lead PHP Developer
10 18 (5.81%) Full Stack Developer
11 16 (5.16%) JavaScript Developer
12 14 (4.52%) UI Designer
12 14 (4.52%) UI/UX Designer
12 14 (4.52%) UX Designer
13 13 (4.19%) HTML CSS Designer
13 13 (4.19%) Team Leader
14 12 (3.87%) Senior .NET Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 268 (86.45%) HTML
2 119 (38.39%) React
3 114 (36.77%) HTML5
4 113 (36.45%) .NET
5 108 (34.84%) AngularJS
6 66 (21.29%) Web Services
7 64 (20.65%) .NET Core
7 64 (20.65%) CSS3
8 59 (19.03%) Node.js
9 58 (18.71%) Vue.js
10 55 (17.74%) Sass
11 50 (16.13%) jQuery
12 49 (15.81%) ASP.NET
13 46 (14.84%) .NET Framework
14 36 (11.61%) ASP.NET Web API
15 30 (9.68%) Twitter Bootstrap
16 29 (9.35%) Entity Framework
17 20 (6.45%) ASP.NET MVC
17 20 (6.45%) Laravel
17 20 (6.45%) RESTful
Miscellaneous
1 79 (25.48%) User Experience
2 41 (13.23%) Greenfield Project
3 16 (5.16%) N-Tier
4 11 (3.55%) Enterprise Software
5 7 (2.26%) Reference Data
5 7 (2.26%) Reinsurance
6 5 (1.61%) Social Media
7 4 (1.29%) Graphic Design
7 4 (1.29%) Self-Motivation
8 3 (0.97%) Animation
8 3 (0.97%) Data Structures
8 3 (0.97%) NHS
8 3 (0.97%) Virtual Team
9 2 (0.65%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
9 2 (0.65%) Mobile App
10 1 (0.32%) Algorithms
10 1 (0.32%) Augmented Reality
10 1 (0.32%) e-Learning
10 1 (0.32%) Hedge funds
10 1 (0.32%) Management Information System
Operating Systems
1 38 (12.26%) Windows
2 22 (7.10%) Linux
3 3 (0.97%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
3 3 (0.97%) Ubuntu
3 3 (0.97%) Windows Server
4 2 (0.65%) Apple iOS
5 1 (0.32%) Android
Processes & Methodologies
1 136 (43.87%) Agile Software Development
2 80 (25.81%) DevOps
3 76 (24.52%) MVC
4 72 (23.23%) TDD
5 62 (20.00%) Software Engineering
6 53 (17.10%) CI/CD
7 52 (16.77%) Front End Development
8 51 (16.45%) Full Stack Development
9 43 (13.87%) Computer Science
10 40 (12.90%) Continuous Integration
10 40 (12.90%) Multithreading
11 39 (12.58%) Multithreaded Programming
11 39 (12.58%) UX Design
12 38 (12.26%) Web Development
13 35 (11.29%) Collaborative Working
13 35 (11.29%) Mentoring
14 32 (10.32%) Unit Testing
15 31 (10.00%) Microservices
16 27 (8.71%) Scrum
17 26 (8.39%) SOA
Programming Languages
1 240 (77.42%) JavaScript
2 123 (39.68%) C#
3 81 (26.13%) SQL
4 64 (20.65%) TypeScript
5 56 (18.06%) Java
6 52 (16.77%) PHP
7 40 (12.90%) T-SQL
8 21 (6.77%) Kotlin
9 16 (5.16%) PowerShell
9 16 (5.16%) Python
10 11 (3.55%) ES6
11 7 (2.26%) VBA
12 4 (1.29%) C
12 4 (1.29%) C++
12 4 (1.29%) Go
12 4 (1.29%) Java 11
12 4 (1.29%) Scala
13 3 (0.97%) Clojure
14 2 (0.65%) Ruby
15 1 (0.32%) Haskell
Qualifications
1 22 (7.10%) Degree
2 5 (1.61%) Security Cleared
3 3 (0.97%) Computer Science Degree
3 3 (0.97%) MCSE
3 3 (0.97%) Microsoft Certification
3 3 (0.97%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
4 2 (0.65%) DV Cleared
4 2 (0.65%) SC Cleared
5 1 (0.32%) HND
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 13 (4.19%) QA
2 10 (3.23%) Accessibility
3 3 (0.97%) WCAG
4 1 (0.32%) Data Quality
System Software
1 66 (21.29%) Docker
2 3 (0.97%) Active Directory
2 3 (0.97%) VMware Infrastructure
Systems Management
1 14 (4.52%) Kubernetes
2 7 (2.26%) Terraform
3 4 (1.29%) Opscode Chef
4 3 (0.97%) Ansible
4 3 (0.97%) Puppet
4 3 (0.97%) Rundeck
5 1 (0.32%) Automic
Vendors
1 34 (10.97%) Microsoft
2 21 (6.77%) Google
3 4 (1.29%) Adobe
4 3 (0.97%) NEC
4 3 (0.97%) Nintex
4 3 (0.97%) Percona
4 3 (0.97%) Perforce
4 3 (0.97%) SAP
4 3 (0.97%) VMware
5 2 (0.65%) Hotjar
5 2 (0.65%) OpenText
5 2 (0.65%) Salesforce.com
5 2 (0.65%) Sitecore
6 1 (0.32%) Apple
6 1 (0.32%) Atlassian
6 1 (0.32%) Demandware
6 1 (0.32%) IBM
6 1 (0.32%) Oracle
6 1 (0.32%) Telerik
6 1 (0.32%) Xamarin