The table below looks at the statistics for OWASP skills in IT contracts advertised across the UK. Included is a guide to the average contractor rates offered in IT contracts that have cited OWASP over the 3 months to 28 April 2016 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily contractor rates and hourly contractor rates are treated separately. When calculating average contractor rates, daily rates are not derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

3 months to
28 Apr 2016
Same period 2015 Same period 2014
Open Web Application Security Project (OWASP)
Rank 495 591 607
Rank change year-on-year
+96 +16
Contract jobs citing OWASP 149 50 23
As % of all contract IT jobs located in the UK 0.27% 0.090% 0.042%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 0.33% 0.11% 0.054%
Number of daily rates quoted 80 30 13
Average daily rate £457 £425 £475
Average daily rate % change year-on-year
+7.41% -10.52%
90% offered a daily rate of more than £325 £380 £335
10% offered a daily rate of more than £600 £550 £725
UK excluding London average daily rate £450 £400 £409
% change year-on-year
+12.50% -2.14%
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 0 0
Average hourly rate - - -
UK excluding London average hourly rate - - -

The following table is for comparison with the above and provides statistics for the entire Processes & Methodologies category in contract jobs advertised across the UK.

Processes & Methodologies Category
UK
Contract IT job ads with a match in the
Processes & Methodologies category
45560 43876 42202
As % of all contract IT jobs located in the UK 81.56% 78.77% 77.36%
Number of daily rates quoted 30059 27313 26301
Average daily rate £438 £413 £400
Average daily rate % change year-on-year
+6.06% +3.12%
90% offered a daily rate of more than £300 £280 £275
10% offered a daily rate of more than £600 £575 £555
UK excluding London average daily rate £400 £388 £375
% change year-on-year
+3.22% +3.33%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1045 1278 1187
Average hourly rate £35.00 £29.00 £30.00
Average hourly rate % change year-on-year
+20.68% -3.33%
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £12.81 £12.10 £12.50
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £50.00 £47.50 £52.50
UK excluding London average hourly rate £37.50 £30.50 £31.50
% change year-on-year
+22.95% -3.17%

OWASP
Jobs Demand Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving total of IT contractor jobs citing OWASP within the UK as a proportion of the total demand within the Processes & Methodologies category.

OWASP Jobs Demand Trend in the UK

OWASP
Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in IT contract jobs citing OWASP within the UK.

OWASP Daily Rate Trend in the UK

OWASP
Daily Rate Histogram

This chart provides a histogram of daily rates quoted in contract IT jobs citing OWASP within the UK over the 3 months to 28 April 2016.

OWASP Daily Rate Histogram in the UK

OWASP
Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for hourly rates quoted in IT contractor jobs citing OWASP within the UK.

OWASP Hourly Rate Trend in the UK

OWASP
Top 30 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the average contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing OWASP within the UK over the 3 months to 28 April 2016. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 3 month period last year.

Location
(Use links below to see detailed
statistics and historical trends)
Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Average
Daily Rate
Last 3 Months
Average Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +67 139 £475 +11.76% 29
South East +40 61 £486 +21.56% 7
London +24 47 £513 +13.88% 13
West Sussex - 41 £450 - 1
Worthing - 35 £450 - 1
North West - 20 £463 - 2
Manchester - 12 £463 - 2
Hampshire +12 8 £400 -11.60% 3
Buckinghamshire +16 6 £525 +31.25%
Milton Keynes +7 6 £525 +31.25%
Warrington - 5 £525 -
Tyne and Wear - 5 £381 -
Cheshire - 5 £525 -
North East - 5 £381 -
Newcastle upon Tyne - 5 £381 -
Croydon -8 4 £425 -15.00% 1
Harrow - 4 £315 -
City of London +40 3 £500 +2.56% 2
Basingstoke -8 3 £508 -3.33% 2
South West - 3 £700 - 2
Yorkshire +3 2 £303 - 2
Berkshire +1 2 £550 +46.66%
Reading -9 2 £550 +46.66%
Merseyside - 2 £338 -
Kent - 2 £475 -
Southport - 2 £338 -
West Yorkshire -3 1 - - 2
Leeds - 1 - - 2
Malmesbury - 1 - -
South Yorkshire - 1 £303 -

OWASP
Top 30 Related IT Skills

For the 6 months to 28 April 2016, IT contractor jobs within the UK citing OWASP also mentioned the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number of jobs and their proportion against the total number of contract IT job ads sampled that cited OWASP.

1 140 (61.67%) Agile Software Development
2 99 (43.61%) Java
3 87 (38.33%) Continuous Integration
4 81 (35.68%) Linux
5 79 (34.80%) HTML
6 75 (33.04%) Python
7 73 (32.16%) Ruby
7 73 (32.16%) Open Source
8 72 (31.72%) C#
9 71 (31.28%) CSS
10 70 (30.84%) Scrum
11 67 (29.52%) HTML5
11 67 (29.52%) Jenkins
12 59 (25.99%) Git (software)
12 59 (25.99%) Subversion
13 58 (25.55%) HTTP
13 58 (25.55%) JIRA
14 57 (25.11%) CSS3
15 55 (24.23%) REST
15 55 (24.23%) Spring
16 52 (22.91%) Penetration Testing
16 52 (22.91%) JUnit
17 51 (22.47%) JSON
18 50 (22.03%) Google
19 49 (21.59%) Automated Testing
20 48 (21.15%) Ruby on Rails
20 48 (21.15%) MVC
21 47 (20.70%) Confluence
22 45 (19.82%) Scala
22 45 (19.82%) Django

OWASP
Top Related IT Skills by Category

For the 6 months to 28 April 2016, IT contractor jobs within the UK citing OWASP also mentioned the following IT skills grouped by category. The figures indicate the number of jobs and their proportion against the total number of contract IT job ads sampled that cited OWASP. Up to 20 skills are shown per category.

Application Platforms
1 47 (20.70%) Confluence
2 14 (6.17%) CMS
3 12 (5.29%) Apache
3 12 (5.29%) MS Exchange
3 12 (5.29%) Sitecore CMS
4 11 (4.85%) Tomcat
5 10 (4.41%) OpenStack
5 10 (4.41%) SharePoint
6 8 (3.52%) JBoss
6 8 (3.52%) nginx
7 6 (2.64%) Mule ESB
7 6 (2.64%) WebLogic
8 5 (2.20%) IIS
9 4 (1.76%) Oracle HTTP Server
10 3 (1.32%) Node.js
10 3 (1.32%) Oracle SOA Suite
10 3 (1.32%) WebSphere
10 3 (1.32%) WordPress
11 2 (0.88%) Drupal
11 2 (0.88%) Joomla!
Applications
1 10 (4.41%) MS Excel
2 2 (0.88%) MS Office
Business Applications
1 2 (0.88%) Dynamics CRM
Cloud Services
1 38 (16.74%) Amazon AWS
2 19 (8.37%) Microsoft Azure
3 9 (3.96%) IaaS
3 9 (3.96%) SaaS
4 8 (3.52%) PaaS
5 6 (2.64%) GitHub
5 6 (2.64%) Google Cloud Platform
6 5 (2.20%) Amazon S3
7 2 (0.88%) Amazon ElastiCache
8 1 (0.44%) Force.com
Communications & Networking
1 58 (25.55%) HTTP
2 25 (11.01%) Internet
3 21 (9.25%) Firewall
4 14 (6.17%) SSH
5 13 (5.73%) FTP
6 11 (4.85%) IPsec
6 11 (4.85%) SMTP
7 10 (4.41%) VPN
8 5 (2.20%) DMZ
8 5 (2.20%) Reverse Proxy
9 4 (1.76%) Network Security
10 3 (1.32%) DNS
10 3 (1.32%) SSL
11 2 (0.88%) DHCP
11 2 (0.88%) LAN
11 2 (0.88%) NAS
11 2 (0.88%) SAN
11 2 (0.88%) WAN
12 1 (0.44%) Intranet
12 1 (0.44%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 32 (14.10%) Relational Database
2 26 (11.45%) MySQL
3 25 (11.01%) PostgreSQL
4 24 (10.57%) SQL Server
5 10 (4.41%) NoSQL
6 9 (3.96%) MongoDB
7 8 (3.52%) SQL Server 2008
8 7 (3.08%) Redis
9 5 (2.20%) DB2
9 5 (2.20%) Oracle Database
10 1 (0.44%) Apache Cassandra
10 1 (0.44%) Data Warehouse
10 1 (0.44%) SQL Server Integration Services
10 1 (0.44%) SQL Server Reporting Services
Development Applications
1 67 (29.52%) Jenkins
2 59 (25.99%) Git (software)
2 59 (25.99%) Subversion
3 58 (25.55%) JIRA
4 52 (22.91%) JUnit
5 16 (7.05%) Selenium
6 15 (6.61%) JMeter
7 13 (5.73%) Cucumber
7 13 (5.73%) SpecFlow
8 11 (4.85%) WebDriver
9 8 (3.52%) Gerrit
9 8 (3.52%) TeamCity
10 7 (3.08%) Artifactory
10 7 (3.08%) SonarQube
10 7 (3.08%) Sonatype Nexus
11 6 (2.64%) CruiseControl
12 5 (2.20%) Burp Suite
12 5 (2.20%) Mercurial
13 4 (1.76%) Hudson
13 4 (1.76%) Protractor
General
1 19 (8.37%) Finance
2 12 (5.29%) Law
3 7 (3.08%) Telecoms
4 6 (2.64%) Retail
5 3 (1.32%) Legal
6 2 (0.88%) Banking
6 2 (0.88%) Publishing
7 1 (0.44%) Games
7 1 (0.44%) Manufacturing
7 1 (0.44%) Military
7 1 (0.44%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 78 (34.36%) Developer
2 32 (14.10%) Scala Developer
3 29 (12.78%) Analyst
4 28 (12.33%) Java Developer
5 25 (11.01%) Consultant
5 25 (11.01%) Security Analyst
6 24 (10.57%) Architect
7 23 (10.13%) Tester
8 19 (8.37%) Security Consultant
9 16 (7.05%) C# Developer
9 16 (7.05%) Java Scala Developer
9 16 (7.05%) Lead Developer
10 14 (6.17%) Software Developer
11 13 (5.73%) Security Architect
12 12 (5.29%) Application Security Analyst
12 12 (5.29%) Penetration Tester
13 11 (4.85%) Agile Developer
13 11 (4.85%) Software Engineer
14 10 (4.41%) Ethical Hacker
14 10 (4.41%) Security Tester
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 79 (34.80%) HTML
2 71 (31.28%) CSS
3 67 (29.52%) HTML5
4 57 (25.11%) CSS3
5 55 (24.23%) REST
5 55 (24.23%) Spring
6 51 (22.47%) JSON
7 48 (21.15%) Ruby on Rails
8 45 (19.82%) Django
9 44 (19.38%) Ajax
9 44 (19.38%) Guice
9 44 (19.38%) Play Framework
10 43 (18.94%) .NET
11 42 (18.50%) RESTful
12 34 (14.98%) Spring MVC
13 32 (14.10%) Web Services
14 19 (8.37%) AngularJS
15 15 (6.61%) LAMP
16 14 (6.17%) .NET Framework
17 10 (4.41%) XML
Miscellaneous
1 25 (11.01%) User Experience
2 22 (9.69%) CESG
3 17 (7.49%) Enterprise Software
4 12 (5.29%) Client/Server
5 11 (4.85%) Cryptography
5 11 (4.85%) Public Cloud
6 10 (4.41%) Computer Science
6 10 (4.41%) Data Centre
7 8 (3.52%) Analytical Skills
8 6 (2.64%) Management Information System
9 5 (2.20%) PKI
10 4 (1.76%) Internet of Things
10 4 (1.76%) Social Media
10 4 (1.76%) W3C
11 3 (1.32%) Algorithms
11 3 (1.32%) Mainframe
12 2 (0.88%) Inversion of Control
12 2 (0.88%) Learning Management System
12 2 (0.88%) NHS
12 2 (0.88%) Private Cloud
Operating Systems
1 81 (35.68%) Linux
2 32 (14.10%) Unix
3 24 (10.57%) Windows
4 11 (4.85%) Windows Vista
5 9 (3.96%) Ubuntu
6 7 (3.08%) CentOS
7 3 (1.32%) Mac OS X
7 3 (1.32%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 3 (1.32%) Windows Server
7 3 (1.32%) zOS
8 2 (0.88%) Debian
8 2 (0.88%) Kali Linux
9 1 (0.44%) Android
9 1 (0.44%) Apple iOS
9 1 (0.44%) Windows Mobile
9 1 (0.44%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 140 (61.67%) Agile Software Development
2 87 (38.33%) Continuous Integration
3 73 (32.16%) Open Source
4 70 (30.84%) Scrum
5 52 (22.91%) Penetration Testing
6 49 (21.59%) Automated Testing
7 48 (21.15%) MVC
8 43 (18.94%) Web Design
8 43 (18.94%) Web Development
9 42 (18.50%) Cybersecurity
10 40 (17.62%) Information Security
11 39 (17.18%) Responsive Web Design
12 38 (16.74%) Configuration Management
13 37 (16.30%) BDD
14 29 (12.78%) Security Testing
15 26 (11.45%) Ethical Hacking
16 23 (10.13%) TDD
17 20 (8.81%) Data Protection
18 19 (8.37%) Software Engineering
19 18 (7.93%) Vulnerability Assessment
Programming Languages
1 99 (43.61%) Java
2 75 (33.04%) Python
3 73 (32.16%) Ruby
4 72 (31.72%) C#
5 45 (19.82%) Scala
6 42 (18.50%) JavaScript
7 38 (16.74%) SQL
8 21 (9.25%) PHP
9 14 (6.17%) PowerShell
10 11 (4.85%) Perl
11 9 (3.96%) Bash Shell
11 9 (3.96%) C++
12 8 (3.52%) C
12 8 (3.52%) FQL
12 8 (3.52%) VB
13 5 (2.20%) Shell Script
14 4 (1.76%) PL/SQL
14 4 (1.76%) T-SQL
15 2 (0.88%) Go
15 2 (0.88%) Groovy
Qualifications
1 34 (14.98%) CISSP
2 22 (9.69%) Security Cleared
3 18 (7.93%) SANS
4 16 (7.05%) CEH
4 16 (7.05%) SC Cleared
5 15 (6.61%) CREST Certified
6 13 (5.73%) Degree
7 11 (4.85%) CESG Certified Professional
8 10 (4.41%) DV Cleared
9 8 (3.52%) OSCP
10 7 (3.08%) CISM
11 6 (2.64%) CISA
11 6 (2.64%) GIAC
12 5 (2.20%) ISEB
12 5 (2.20%) ISTQB
13 4 (1.76%) GWAPT
13 4 (1.76%) OSCE
14 3 (1.32%) BPSS Clearance
15 2 (0.88%) PhD
15 2 (0.88%) Tigerscheme
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 22 (9.69%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 21 (9.25%) WCAG
3 17 (7.49%) PCI DSS
4 14 (6.17%) QA
5 9 (3.96%) COBIT
6 7 (3.08%) GPG13
6 7 (3.08%) WAI
7 5 (2.20%) RMADS
8 2 (0.88%) Disclosure Scotland
System Software
1 12 (5.29%) Active Directory
1 12 (5.29%) VMware Infrastructure
2 11 (4.85%) Sendmail
3 7 (3.08%) vCloud
4 6 (2.64%) Docker
5 2 (0.88%) vSphere
5 2 (0.88%) Xen
5 2 (0.88%) XenServer
6 1 (0.44%) LXC
Systems Management
1 9 (3.96%) Ansible
2 8 (3.52%) Salt
3 6 (2.64%) Nessus
3 6 (2.64%) Nmap
3 6 (2.64%) Puppet
3 6 (2.64%) Rundeck
4 5 (2.20%) HAProxy
4 5 (2.20%) Kibana
4 5 (2.20%) logstash
4 5 (2.20%) OpenVAS
4 5 (2.20%) Opscode Chef
4 5 (2.20%) ZABBIX
5 3 (1.32%) HP Fortify
5 3 (1.32%) WebInspect
6 2 (0.88%) CFEngine
6 2 (0.88%) Cobbler
6 2 (0.88%) Terraform
6 2 (0.88%) Tivoli
7 1 (0.44%) CA Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 50 (22.03%) Google
2 35 (15.42%) Oracle
3 30 (13.22%) Microsoft
4 17 (7.49%) VMware
5 15 (6.61%) Sitecore
6 11 (4.85%) Citrix
6 11 (4.85%) EPiServer
7 10 (4.41%) Red Hat
8 8 (3.52%) ServiceNow
9 7 (3.08%) Black Duck
9 7 (3.08%) Sonatype
9 7 (3.08%) Veracode
10 6 (2.64%) Qualys
11 5 (2.20%) Capita
11 5 (2.20%) F5
11 5 (2.20%) HP
12 4 (1.76%) ForgeRock
12 4 (1.76%) IBM
12 4 (1.76%) Pega
13 2 (0.88%) Salesforce.com
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