The table below looks at the statistics for OWASP skills in IT contracts advertised across the UK. Included is a guide to the contractor rates offered in IT contracts that have cited OWASP over the 3 months to 31 May 2016 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Note that daily contractor rates and hourly contractor rates are treated separately. When calculating average contractor rates, daily rates are not derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

3 months to
31 May 2016
Same period 2015 Same period 2014
Open Web Application Security Project (OWASP)
Rank 475 536 589
Rank change year-on-year
+61 +53
Contract jobs citing OWASP 169 74 23
As % of all contract IT jobs located in the UK 0.32% 0.14% 0.043%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 0.38% 0.17% 0.056%
Number of daily rates quoted 100 44 9
Median daily rate £500 £450 £438
Median daily rate % change year-on-year
+11.11% +2.85%
90% offered a daily rate of more than £350 £378 £345
10% offered a daily rate of more than £675 £525 £495
UK excluding London median daily rate £475 £450 £388
% change year-on-year
+5.55% +16.12%
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 1 0
Median hourly rate - £13.50 -
UK excluding London median hourly rate - £13.50 -

The following table is for comparison with the above and provides statistics for the entire Processes & Methodologies category in contract jobs advertised across the UK.

Processes & Methodologies Category
UK
Contract IT job ads with a match in the
Processes & Methodologies category
43918 42992 41426
As % of all contract IT jobs located in the UK 81.89% 79.31% 77.61%
Number of daily rates quoted 29200 27357 26190
Median daily rate £438 £413 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year
+6.06% +3.12%
90% offered a daily rate of more than £300 £280 £275
10% offered a daily rate of more than £600 £575 £550
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £387 £375
% change year-on-year
+3.35% +3.20%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1020 1216 1225
Median hourly rate £28.00 £30.00 £27.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year
-6.66% +9.09%
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £13.00 £12.35 £13.00
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £47.50 £47.83 £50.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £32.50 £30.50 £30.00
% change year-on-year
+6.55% +1.66%

OWASP
Jobs Demand Trend

The demand trend of contract jobs citing OWASP as a proportion of all IT contracts with a match in the Processes & Methodologies category.

OWASP Jobs Demand Trend in the UK

OWASP
Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in IT contract jobs citing OWASP within the UK.

OWASP Daily Rate Trend in the UK

OWASP
Daily Rate Histogram

This chart provides a histogram of daily rates quoted in contract IT jobs citing OWASP within the UK over the 3 months to 31 May 2016.

OWASP Daily Rate Histogram in the UK

OWASP
Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for hourly rates quoted in IT contractor jobs citing OWASP within the UK.

OWASP Hourly Rate Trend in the UK

OWASP
Top 30 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing OWASP within the UK over the 3 months to 31 May 2016. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 3 month period last year.

Location
(Click see detailed
statistics and trends)
Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Last 3 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +77 160 £500 +11.11% 20
South East +27 65 £475 +11.76% 1
London +21 58 £525 +23.52% 9
West Sussex - 39 £450 -
Worthing - 34 £450 -
North West -8 10 £451 -5.15% 4
Buckinghamshire +15 9 £525 +16.66%
South West +1 9 £590 - 1
Milton Keynes +3 8 £525 +16.66%
Hampshire - 8 £400 - 1
Bristol - 7 £583 -
Croydon -4 6 £480 -4.00%
East Midlands - 6 £615 - 1
West Yorkshire +6 5 £400 -27.27% 2
Yorkshire +2 5 £400 -27.27% 2
Cheshire -3 5 £525 +7.69%
Leeds -3 5 £400 -27.27% 2
Nottinghamshire - 5 £615 -
Warrington - 5 £525 -
Tyne and Wear - 4 £350 - 1
Nottingham - 4 £615 -
North East - 4 £350 - 1
Newcastle upon Tyne - 4 £350 - 1
City of London +37 3 £500 +11.11% 2
Harrow - 3 £315 -
Manchester - 3 £400 - 4
Berkshire -3 2 £550 +46.66%
Reading -11 2 £550 +46.66%
Oxford - 2 £500 -
Merseyside - 2 £338 -

OWASP
Top 30 Related IT Skills

For the 6 months to 31 May 2016, IT contractor jobs citing OWASP also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads with a requirement for OWASP.

1 169 (62.13%) Agile Software Development
2 117 (43.01%) Java
3 107 (39.34%) Continuous Integration
4 94 (34.56%) Linux
5 92 (33.82%) HTML
5 92 (33.82%) Open Source
6 91 (33.46%) C#
7 89 (32.72%) Python
8 86 (31.62%) Ruby
9 83 (30.51%) Scrum
9 83 (30.51%) CSS
9 83 (30.51%) Jenkins
10 80 (29.41%) HTML5
11 74 (27.21%) Git (software)
12 72 (26.47%) REST
13 71 (26.10%) Subversion
14 70 (25.74%) JSON
15 69 (25.37%) JIRA
15 69 (25.37%) CSS3
15 69 (25.37%) Spring
15 69 (25.37%) HTTP
16 65 (23.90%) JUnit
17 64 (23.53%) Google
18 63 (23.16%) Automated Testing
18 63 (23.16%) Penetration Testing
19 60 (22.06%) Ruby on Rails
20 58 (21.32%) Confluence
21 57 (20.96%) Django
22 56 (20.59%) Guice
22 56 (20.59%) Play Framework

OWASP
Top Related IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 58 (21.32%) Confluence
2 20 (7.35%) SharePoint
3 14 (5.15%) CMS
3 14 (5.15%) MS Exchange
4 13 (4.78%) Apache
4 13 (4.78%) Tomcat
5 12 (4.41%) Sitecore CMS
6 10 (3.68%) OpenStack
7 9 (3.31%) JBoss
7 9 (3.31%) nginx
8 7 (2.57%) Mule ESB
8 7 (2.57%) WebLogic
9 5 (1.84%) IIS
10 4 (1.47%) Node.js
10 4 (1.47%) Oracle HTTP Server
11 3 (1.10%) WebSphere
11 3 (1.10%) WordPress
12 2 (0.74%) Drupal
12 2 (0.74%) Joomla!
12 2 (0.74%) WebSphere Application Server
Applications
1 22 (8.09%) MS Excel
2 2 (0.74%) MS Office
Business Applications
1 2 (0.74%) Dynamics CRM
1 2 (0.74%) Exchequer
2 1 (0.37%) Oracle BPM
Cloud Services
1 54 (19.85%) Amazon AWS
2 23 (8.46%) Microsoft Azure
3 15 (5.51%) IaaS
3 15 (5.51%) SaaS
4 14 (5.15%) PaaS
5 8 (2.94%) GitHub
6 7 (2.57%) Google Cloud Platform
7 6 (2.21%) Amazon S3
8 2 (0.74%) Amazon ElastiCache
9 1 (0.37%) Force.com
9 1 (0.37%) Google Analytics
9 1 (0.37%) Google Tag Manager
Communications & Networking
1 69 (25.37%) HTTP
2 33 (12.13%) Firewall
3 32 (11.76%) Internet
4 22 (8.09%) SSL
5 17 (6.25%) Network Security
5 17 (6.25%) SSH
5 17 (6.25%) Wireless
6 16 (5.88%) FTP
7 14 (5.15%) IPsec
7 14 (5.15%) SMTP
8 11 (4.04%) VPN
9 8 (2.94%) LAN
10 7 (2.57%) DMZ
10 7 (2.57%) Reverse Proxy
11 6 (2.21%) WAN
12 2 (0.74%) DHCP
12 2 (0.74%) DNS
12 2 (0.74%) NAS
12 2 (0.74%) SAN
13 1 (0.37%) Kerberos
Database & Business Intelligence
1 38 (13.97%) Relational Database
2 31 (11.40%) SQL Server
3 28 (10.29%) MySQL
4 26 (9.56%) PostgreSQL
5 13 (4.78%) NoSQL
6 12 (4.41%) SQL Server 2008
7 11 (4.04%) MongoDB
8 10 (3.68%) Redis
9 5 (1.84%) DB2
9 5 (1.84%) Oracle Database
10 1 (0.37%) Apache Cassandra
10 1 (0.37%) Data Warehouse
10 1 (0.37%) SQL Server Integration Services
10 1 (0.37%) SQL Server Reporting Services
Development Applications
1 83 (30.51%) Jenkins
2 74 (27.21%) Git (software)
3 71 (26.10%) Subversion
4 69 (25.37%) JIRA
5 65 (23.90%) JUnit
6 16 (5.88%) Selenium
7 14 (5.15%) JMeter
8 13 (4.78%) Cucumber
8 13 (4.78%) SpecFlow
9 9 (3.31%) Artifactory
9 9 (3.31%) WebDriver
10 8 (2.94%) SonarQube
10 8 (2.94%) Sonatype Nexus
10 8 (2.94%) TeamCity
11 7 (2.57%) Gerrit
11 7 (2.57%) Mercurial
12 6 (2.21%) Burp Suite
12 6 (2.21%) CruiseControl
13 5 (1.84%) Visual Studio
14 4 (1.47%) Eclipse
General
1 26 (9.56%) Finance
2 16 (5.88%) Law
3 7 (2.57%) Telecoms
4 3 (1.10%) Publishing
4 3 (1.10%) Retail
5 2 (0.74%) Banking
6 1 (0.37%) Games
6 1 (0.37%) Legal
6 1 (0.37%) Manufacturing
6 1 (0.37%) Military
6 1 (0.37%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 95 (34.93%) Developer
2 44 (16.18%) Architect
3 37 (13.60%) Java Developer
4 36 (13.24%) Scala Developer
5 27 (9.93%) Tester
6 26 (9.56%) Analyst
6 26 (9.56%) Consultant
7 24 (8.82%) Security Analyst
8 22 (8.09%) Security Architect
9 19 (6.99%) Java Scala Developer
9 19 (6.99%) Security Consultant
10 18 (6.62%) C# Developer
10 18 (6.62%) Lead Developer
11 16 (5.88%) Penetration Tester
12 15 (5.51%) Software Developer
13 14 (5.15%) Security Tester
14 13 (4.78%) Agile Developer
15 12 (4.41%) Application Security Analyst
16 10 (3.68%) Digital Architect
16 10 (3.68%) Software Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 92 (33.82%) HTML
2 83 (30.51%) CSS
3 80 (29.41%) HTML5
4 72 (26.47%) REST
5 70 (25.74%) JSON
6 69 (25.37%) CSS3
6 69 (25.37%) Spring
7 60 (22.06%) Ruby on Rails
8 57 (20.96%) Django
9 56 (20.59%) Ajax
9 56 (20.59%) Guice
9 56 (20.59%) Play Framework
10 52 (19.12%) RESTful
11 51 (18.75%) .NET
12 42 (15.44%) Spring MVC
13 31 (11.40%) Web Services
14 21 (7.72%) AngularJS
15 17 (6.25%) XML
16 16 (5.88%) LAMP
17 14 (5.15%) ASP.NET
Miscellaneous
1 28 (10.29%) User Experience
2 27 (9.93%) CESG
3 19 (6.99%) Enterprise Software
4 18 (6.62%) PKI
5 15 (5.51%) Client/Server
6 14 (5.15%) Cryptography
7 12 (4.41%) Analytical Skills
7 12 (4.41%) Data Centre
8 11 (4.04%) Computer Science
8 11 (4.04%) Public Cloud
9 8 (2.94%) Management Information System
10 6 (2.21%) Mobile App
11 5 (1.84%) Social Media
11 5 (1.84%) W3C
12 4 (1.47%) Internet of Things
13 3 (1.10%) Algorithms
14 2 (0.74%) Inversion of Control
14 2 (0.74%) Learning Management System
14 2 (0.74%) NHS
14 2 (0.74%) Private Cloud
Operating Systems
1 94 (34.56%) Linux
2 34 (12.50%) Unix
3 31 (11.40%) Windows
4 14 (5.15%) Windows Vista
5 10 (3.68%) Ubuntu
6 8 (2.94%) CentOS
7 6 (2.21%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 6 (2.21%) Windows Server
8 4 (1.47%) Android
8 4 (1.47%) Apple iOS
9 3 (1.10%) Mac OS X
10 2 (0.74%) Debian
10 2 (0.74%) Kali Linux
11 1 (0.37%) Windows Mobile
11 1 (0.37%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 169 (62.13%) Agile Software Development
2 107 (39.34%) Continuous Integration
3 92 (33.82%) Open Source
4 83 (30.51%) Scrum
5 63 (23.16%) Automated Testing
5 63 (23.16%) Penetration Testing
6 56 (20.59%) MVC
7 53 (19.49%) Web Design
7 53 (19.49%) Web Development
8 48 (17.65%) Responsive Web Design
9 45 (16.54%) Configuration Management
10 42 (15.44%) Cybersecurity
11 40 (14.71%) Information Security
12 38 (13.97%) BDD
13 33 (12.13%) Ethical Hacking
13 33 (12.13%) Security Architecture
13 33 (12.13%) Security Testing
14 27 (9.93%) TDD
15 25 (9.19%) Mentoring
16 24 (8.82%) Data Protection
Programming Languages
1 117 (43.01%) Java
2 91 (33.46%) C#
3 89 (32.72%) Python
4 86 (31.62%) Ruby
5 54 (19.85%) Scala
6 47 (17.28%) SQL
7 45 (16.54%) JavaScript
8 25 (9.19%) PHP
9 18 (6.62%) PowerShell
10 14 (5.15%) Perl
11 12 (4.41%) C++
11 12 (4.41%) FQL
11 12 (4.41%) VB
12 10 (3.68%) Bash Shell
13 9 (3.31%) C
14 7 (2.57%) Shell Script
15 5 (1.84%) PL/SQL
16 4 (1.47%) T-SQL
17 2 (0.74%) Go
17 2 (0.74%) Groovy
Qualifications
1 51 (18.75%) CISSP
2 32 (11.76%) Security Cleared
3 21 (7.72%) CEH
4 20 (7.35%) SC Cleared
5 18 (6.62%) SANS
6 17 (6.25%) CREST Certified
7 16 (5.88%) Degree
8 14 (5.15%) CESG Certified Professional
9 11 (4.04%) BPSS Clearance
10 10 (3.68%) ISSAP
11 9 (3.31%) CISMP
11 9 (3.31%) DV Cleared
12 8 (2.94%) CISM
12 8 (2.94%) OSCP
13 7 (2.57%) CISA
14 5 (1.84%) GIAC
15 4 (1.47%) GWAPT
15 4 (1.47%) OSCE
16 3 (1.10%) ISEB
16 3 (1.10%) ISTQB
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 26 (9.56%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 21 (7.72%) WCAG
3 14 (5.15%) PCI DSS
3 14 (5.15%) QA
4 8 (2.94%) RMADS
5 7 (2.57%) COBIT
5 7 (2.57%) GPG13
5 7 (2.57%) WAI
6 5 (1.84%) Disclosure Scotland
System Software
1 29 (10.66%) Active Directory
2 14 (5.15%) Sendmail
3 11 (4.04%) VMware Infrastructure
4 9 (3.31%) Docker
5 8 (2.94%) vCloud
6 2 (0.74%) vSphere
6 2 (0.74%) Xen
6 2 (0.74%) XenServer
7 1 (0.37%) LXC
Systems Management
1 13 (4.78%) Ansible
2 10 (3.68%) Salt
3 8 (2.94%) Puppet
3 8 (2.94%) Rundeck
4 7 (2.57%) HAProxy
4 7 (2.57%) Kibana
4 7 (2.57%) logstash
4 7 (2.57%) ZABBIX
5 6 (2.21%) OpenAM
6 5 (1.84%) Nessus
6 5 (1.84%) Nmap
6 5 (1.84%) Opscode Chef
7 4 (1.47%) HP Fortify
7 4 (1.47%) OpenVAS
8 3 (1.10%) WebInspect
9 2 (0.74%) Cobbler
9 2 (0.74%) Terraform
9 2 (0.74%) Tivoli
10 1 (0.37%) CA Single Sign-On
10 1 (0.37%) CFEngine
Vendors
1 64 (23.53%) Google
2 36 (13.24%) Oracle
3 34 (12.50%) Microsoft
4 18 (6.62%) VMware
5 16 (5.88%) Sitecore
6 14 (5.15%) Citrix
7 12 (4.41%) ServiceNow
8 11 (4.04%) EPiServer
8 11 (4.04%) Red Hat
9 8 (2.94%) Black Duck
9 8 (2.94%) Sonatype
9 8 (2.94%) Veracode
10 5 (1.84%) Capita
10 5 (1.84%) F5
10 5 (1.84%) ForgeRock
10 5 (1.84%) HP
10 5 (1.84%) Pega
10 5 (1.84%) Qualys
11 2 (0.74%) LogRhythm
11 2 (0.74%) Splunk
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