The table below looks at the statistics for OWASP skills in IT contracts advertised across the UK. Included is a guide to the contractor rates offered in IT contracts that have cited OWASP over the 3 months to 26 August 2016 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Note that daily contractor rates and hourly contractor rates are treated separately. When calculating average contractor rates, daily rates are not derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

3 months to
26 Aug 2016
Same period 2015 Same period 2014
Open Web Application Security Project (OWASP)
Rank 472 599 592
Rank change year-on-year
+127 -7
Contract jobs citing OWASP 182 59 43
As % of all contract IT jobs located in the UK 0.34% 0.10% 0.076%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 0.41% 0.13% 0.097%
Number of daily rates quoted 104 45 24
Median daily rate £450 £461 £469
Median daily rate % change year-on-year
-2.38% -1.65%
90% offered a daily rate of more than £350 £395 £333
10% offered a daily rate of more than £550 £550 £576
UK excluding London median daily rate £465 £467 £450
% change year-on-year
-0.32% +3.66%
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 0 0
Median hourly rate - - -
UK excluding London median hourly rate - - -

The following table is for comparison with the above and provides statistics for the entire Processes & Methodologies category in contract jobs advertised across the UK.

Processes & Methodologies Category
UK
Contract IT job ads with a match in the
Processes & Methodologies category
44771 46893 44277
As % of all contract IT jobs located in the UK 82.75% 80.29% 78.48%
Number of daily rates quoted 29557 30468 27430
Median daily rate £438 £425 £405
Median daily rate % change year-on-year
+2.94% +4.93%
90% offered a daily rate of more than £300 £288 £275
10% offered a daily rate of more than £590 £575 £575
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £400 £375
% change year-on-year
- +6.66%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1110 1273 1193
Median hourly rate £28.50 £31.44 £23.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year
-9.35% +33.78%
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £12.50 £12.50 £12.50
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £52.00 £52.13 £50.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £30.00 £33.00 £25.75
% change year-on-year
-9.09% +28.15%

OWASP
Jobs Demand Trend

The demand trend of contract jobs citing OWASP as a proportion of all IT contracts with a match in the Processes & Methodologies category.

OWASP Jobs Demand Trend in the UK

OWASP
Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in IT contract jobs citing OWASP within the UK.

OWASP Daily Rate Trend in the UK

OWASP
Daily Rate Histogram

This chart provides a histogram of daily rates quoted in contract IT jobs citing OWASP within the UK over the 3 months to 26 August 2016.

OWASP Daily Rate Histogram in the UK

OWASP
Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for hourly rates quoted in IT contractor jobs citing OWASP within the UK.

OWASP Hourly Rate Trend in the UK

OWASP
Top 30 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing OWASP within the UK over the 3 months to 26 August 2016. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 3 month period last year.

Location
(Click see detailed
statistics and trends)
Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Last 3 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +106 161 £445 -3.47% 35
South East +60 63 £500 - 3
London +22 58 £410 -11.06% 18
Oxfordshire +13 22 £500 -0.99% 1
Hampshire - 22 £370 - 1
South Wales - 20 £468 -
Wales - 20 £468 -
Newport - 18 £468 -
Yorkshire +8 12 £425 - 5
West Yorkshire +16 11 £425 - 2
Leeds +7 11 £425 - 2
Oxford 0 10 £500 -9.09%
South West +9 9 £475 +28.63%
Winchester - 8 £370 -
Buckinghamshire +16 7 £525 +16.66%
Milton Keynes +15 7 £525 +16.66%
City of London +25 6 £450 -7.69% 3
North West +20 6 £350 -24.97% 5
Croydon -7 5 £310 -27.05%
Kent - 5 £550 -
Bristol - 5 £550 -
North East -22 4 £400 -3.61%
M4 Corridor - 4 - -
Southport - 3 £350 - 1
Merseyside - 3 £350 - 1
Swindon +6 2 £475 +20.25%
Wiltshire +5 2 £475 +20.25%
Tyne and Wear -25 2 £400 -3.61%
Newcastle upon Tyne -27 2 £400 -3.61%
West Midlands - 2 £525 - 3

OWASP
Top 30 Related IT Skills

For the 6 months to 26 August 2016, IT contractor jobs citing OWASP also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads with a requirement for OWASP.

1 204 (57.95%) Agile Software Development
2 152 (43.18%) Java
3 141 (40.06%) Continuous Integration
4 127 (36.08%) Open Source
5 120 (34.09%) Linux
6 119 (33.81%) Python
7 116 (32.95%) Jenkins
8 112 (31.82%) Scrum
9 109 (30.97%) Ruby
10 107 (30.40%) Penetration Testing
11 106 (30.11%) C#
12 103 (29.26%) Automated Testing
13 100 (28.41%) HTML
14 94 (26.70%) Amazon AWS
15 92 (26.14%) CSS
16 90 (25.57%) REST
17 89 (25.28%) JSON
18 85 (24.15%) HTML5
19 84 (23.86%) Git (software)
20 83 (23.58%) Web Services
21 82 (23.30%) Spring
22 81 (23.01%) HTTP
23 78 (22.16%) Subversion
24 76 (21.59%) CISSP
25 75 (21.31%) Google
26 71 (20.17%) JUnit
27 70 (19.89%) JIRA
28 68 (19.32%) Web Development
29 65 (18.47%) Ajax
30 63 (17.90%) Ruby on Rails

OWASP
Top Related IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 58 (16.48%) Confluence
2 36 (10.23%) nginx
3 26 (7.39%) Tomcat
3 26 (7.39%) WebLogic
4 24 (6.82%) IIS
5 22 (6.25%) SharePoint
6 20 (5.68%) Apache
7 19 (5.40%) JBoss
8 15 (4.26%) CMS
8 15 (4.26%) MS Exchange
8 15 (4.26%) Sitecore CMS
9 11 (3.13%) Mule ESB
10 8 (2.27%) OpenStack
11 5 (1.42%) Oracle HTTP Server
12 3 (0.85%) WebSphere
12 3 (0.85%) WildFly
13 2 (0.57%) CloudStack
13 2 (0.57%) WebSphere Application Server
14 1 (0.28%) Commerce Server
14 1 (0.28%) SAS
Applications
1 27 (7.67%) MS Excel
2 5 (1.42%) MS Office
3 1 (0.28%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 2 (0.57%) Exchequer
1 2 (0.57%) SAP Oil and Gas
2 1 (0.28%) Dynamics CRM
2 1 (0.28%) Dynamics NAV
2 1 (0.28%) Oracle BPM
Cloud Services
1 94 (26.70%) Amazon AWS
2 16 (4.55%) Microsoft Azure
3 15 (4.26%) GitHub
3 15 (4.26%) IaaS
3 15 (4.26%) PaaS
4 12 (3.41%) SaaS
5 11 (3.13%) Google Cloud Platform
6 4 (1.14%) Amazon EC2
7 2 (0.57%) Force.com
8 1 (0.28%) Amazon ElastiCache
8 1 (0.28%) Amazon S3
8 1 (0.28%) Google Analytics
8 1 (0.28%) Google Tag Manager
8 1 (0.28%) Office 365
Communications & Networking
1 81 (23.01%) HTTP
2 42 (11.93%) Firewall
3 27 (7.67%) Internet
4 26 (7.39%) SSL
5 20 (5.68%) Wireless
6 19 (5.40%) Network Security
6 19 (5.40%) SSH
7 18 (5.11%) FTP
8 17 (4.83%) VPN
9 16 (4.55%) IPsec
9 16 (4.55%) SMTP
10 14 (3.98%) Reverse Proxy
11 13 (3.69%) DMZ
12 7 (1.99%) LDAP
13 6 (1.70%) LAN
14 4 (1.14%) WAN
15 3 (0.85%) Kerberos
16 2 (0.57%) DHCP
16 2 (0.57%) DNS
16 2 (0.57%) TCP/IP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 54 (15.34%) SQL Server
2 51 (14.49%) PostgreSQL
2 51 (14.49%) Relational Database
3 39 (11.08%) MongoDB
4 31 (8.81%) MySQL
5 21 (5.97%) NoSQL
6 16 (4.55%) SQL Server 2008
7 15 (4.26%) Redis
8 14 (3.98%) SQL Server 2012
9 7 (1.99%) Oracle Database
10 5 (1.42%) DB2
11 1 (0.28%) Apache Cassandra
11 1 (0.28%) Azure SQL Database
11 1 (0.28%) Data Warehouse
11 1 (0.28%) QlikView
Development Applications
1 116 (32.95%) Jenkins
2 84 (23.86%) Git (software)
3 78 (22.16%) Subversion
4 71 (20.17%) JUnit
5 70 (19.89%) JIRA
6 22 (6.25%) Travis CI
7 20 (5.68%) CircleCI
8 19 (5.40%) Team Foundation Server
9 16 (4.55%) Artifactory
10 15 (4.26%) SonarQube
10 15 (4.26%) Sonatype Nexus
11 14 (3.98%) Gerrit
12 13 (3.69%) JMeter
12 13 (3.69%) Mercurial
12 13 (3.69%) Selenium
13 11 (3.13%) Burp Suite
14 10 (2.84%) Cucumber
15 8 (2.27%) Visual Studio
16 7 (1.99%) TeamCity
17 5 (1.42%) Hudson
General
1 49 (13.92%) Finance
2 14 (3.98%) Law
3 11 (3.13%) Publishing
4 6 (1.70%) Telecoms
5 5 (1.42%) Banking
6 3 (0.85%) Manufacturing
6 3 (0.85%) Retail
7 2 (0.57%) Electronics
7 2 (0.57%) Marketing
8 1 (0.28%) Italian Language
8 1 (0.28%) Welsh Language
Job Titles
1 139 (39.49%) Developer
2 65 (18.47%) Java Developer
3 47 (13.35%) Architect
4 45 (12.78%) Security Engineer
5 28 (7.95%) Scala Developer
6 25 (7.10%) Tester
7 23 (6.53%) Consultant
8 21 (5.97%) Security Architect
9 20 (5.68%) Java Scala Developer
9 20 (5.68%) Security Consultant
10 18 (5.11%) C# Developer
10 18 (5.11%) Penetration Tester
11 15 (4.26%) Analyst
12 14 (3.98%) .NET Developer
12 14 (3.98%) Security Analyst
13 13 (3.69%) Sitecore Developer
14 12 (3.41%) DevOps Engineer
14 12 (3.41%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
14 12 (3.41%) Lead Developer
14 12 (3.41%) Software Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 100 (28.41%) HTML
2 92 (26.14%) CSS
3 90 (25.57%) REST
4 89 (25.28%) JSON
5 85 (24.15%) HTML5
6 83 (23.58%) Web Services
7 82 (23.30%) Spring
8 65 (18.47%) Ajax
9 63 (17.90%) Django
9 63 (17.90%) Ruby on Rails
10 62 (17.61%) CSS3
10 62 (17.61%) Guice
10 62 (17.61%) Play Framework
11 57 (16.19%) .NET
12 56 (15.91%) RESTful
13 45 (12.78%) Spring MVC
14 41 (11.65%) XML
15 33 (9.38%) ASP.NET
16 20 (5.68%) LAMP
17 19 (5.40%) LINQ
Miscellaneous
1 30 (8.52%) User Experience
2 24 (6.82%) CESG
3 21 (5.97%) Cryptography
4 20 (5.68%) PKI
5 18 (5.11%) N-Tier
6 17 (4.83%) Client/Server
7 13 (3.69%) Analytical Skills
8 12 (3.41%) Enterprise Software
9 9 (2.56%) Algorithms
9 9 (2.56%) Management Information System
10 8 (2.27%) Data Centre
11 6 (1.70%) Computer Science
12 5 (1.42%) Mobile App
13 4 (1.14%) W3C
14 3 (0.85%) Social Media
15 1 (0.28%) Embedded Systems
15 1 (0.28%) Fat Client
15 1 (0.28%) Learning Management System
15 1 (0.28%) Thin Client
15 1 (0.28%) Wiki
Operating Systems
1 120 (34.09%) Linux
2 39 (11.08%) Windows
3 35 (9.94%) Unix
4 15 (4.26%) Windows Vista
5 14 (3.98%) CentOS
5 14 (3.98%) Ubuntu
6 9 (2.56%) Windows Server
7 8 (2.27%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 4 (1.14%) Android
8 4 (1.14%) Apple iOS
9 3 (0.85%) Kali Linux
10 1 (0.28%) Windows Mobile
10 1 (0.28%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 204 (57.95%) Agile Software Development
2 141 (40.06%) Continuous Integration
3 127 (36.08%) Open Source
4 112 (31.82%) Scrum
5 107 (30.40%) Penetration Testing
6 103 (29.26%) Automated Testing
7 68 (19.32%) Web Development
8 57 (16.19%) MVC
9 54 (15.34%) Security Testing
10 53 (15.06%) Web Design
11 52 (14.77%) Secure Coding
12 49 (13.92%) Responsive Web Design
13 47 (13.35%) Information Security
14 46 (13.07%) Configuration Management
14 46 (13.07%) Fuzz Testing
15 39 (11.08%) Ethical Hacking
16 37 (10.51%) Continuous Delivery
17 36 (10.23%) Security Architecture
18 33 (9.38%) TDD
19 32 (9.09%) Static Code Analysis
Programming Languages
1 152 (43.18%) Java
2 119 (33.81%) Python
3 109 (30.97%) Ruby
4 106 (30.11%) C#
5 59 (16.76%) Scala
6 56 (15.91%) SQL
7 44 (12.50%) PHP
8 43 (12.22%) JavaScript
9 20 (5.68%) Perl
10 19 (5.40%) PowerShell
11 18 (5.11%) VB.NET
12 17 (4.83%) Bash Shell
13 12 (3.41%) FQL
13 12 (3.41%) VB
14 9 (2.56%) C++
15 7 (1.99%) PL/SQL
16 6 (1.70%) C
16 6 (1.70%) Shell Script
16 6 (1.70%) T-SQL
17 3 (0.85%) Groovy
Qualifications
1 76 (21.59%) CISSP
2 37 (10.51%) Security Cleared
3 33 (9.38%) CEH
4 25 (7.10%) CREST Certified
5 22 (6.25%) CISM
6 21 (5.97%) CHECK Team Member
7 19 (5.40%) BPSS Clearance
7 19 (5.40%) CISA
7 19 (5.40%) SC Cleared
8 17 (4.83%) CESG Certified Professional
9 16 (4.55%) Degree
10 15 (4.26%) CompTIA Security+
10 15 (4.26%) Security+ Certification
11 12 (3.41%) ISSAP
11 12 (3.41%) SANS
12 9 (2.56%) CISMP
13 5 (1.42%) DV Cleared
14 4 (1.14%) ISEB
15 3 (0.85%) GIAC
15 3 (0.85%) ISTQB
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 36 (10.23%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 19 (5.40%) COBIT
3 16 (4.55%) PCI DSS
4 11 (3.13%) Disclosure Scotland
4 11 (3.13%) RMADS
5 4 (1.14%) QA
6 2 (0.57%) WAI
6 2 (0.57%) WCAG
7 1 (0.28%) Government Security Classifications
7 1 (0.28%) GPG13
System Software
1 40 (11.36%) Active Directory
2 16 (4.55%) Sendmail
3 15 (4.26%) Docker
3 15 (4.26%) vCloud
3 15 (4.26%) Virtual Machines
4 8 (2.27%) VMware Infrastructure
5 2 (0.57%) vSphere
5 2 (0.57%) Xen
5 2 (0.57%) XenServer
6 1 (0.28%) KVM
6 1 (0.28%) LXC
6 1 (0.28%) Virtual Servers
Systems Management
1 20 (5.68%) Ansible
2 16 (4.55%) Salt
3 14 (3.98%) Rundeck
4 13 (3.69%) HAProxy
4 13 (3.69%) Kibana
4 13 (3.69%) logstash
4 13 (3.69%) Puppet
4 13 (3.69%) ZABBIX
5 12 (3.41%) OpenAM
6 9 (2.56%) Opscode Chef
7 6 (1.70%) OpenIDM
8 4 (1.14%) CA Single Sign-On
8 4 (1.14%) HP Fortify
9 3 (0.85%) CFEngine
9 3 (0.85%) Nmap
9 3 (0.85%) WebInspect
10 2 (0.57%) Cobbler
10 2 (0.57%) Terraform
10 2 (0.57%) Tivoli
11 1 (0.28%) OpenVAS
Vendors
1 75 (21.31%) Google
2 45 (12.78%) Oracle
3 38 (10.80%) Microsoft
4 22 (6.25%) VMware
5 19 (5.40%) Red Hat
6 18 (5.11%) Sitecore
7 17 (4.83%) Citrix
8 15 (4.26%) Black Duck
8 15 (4.26%) Sonatype
8 15 (4.26%) Veracode
9 12 (3.41%) ServiceNow
10 10 (2.84%) ForgeRock
11 6 (1.70%) F5
12 5 (1.42%) CA
12 5 (1.42%) Mercator
13 4 (1.14%) HP
13 4 (1.14%) Pega
14 3 (0.85%) Atlassian
14 3 (0.85%) Salesforce.com
15 2 (0.57%) IBM
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