The table below looks at the statistics for DNS skills in IT contracts advertised across the UK. Included is a guide to the contractor rates offered in IT contracts that have cited DNS over the 3 months to 26 May 2016 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Note that daily contractor rates and hourly contractor rates are treated separately. When calculating average contractor rates, daily rates are not derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

3 months to
26 May 2016
Same period 2015 Same period 2014
Domain Name System (DNS)
Rank 90 110 127
Rank change year-on-year
+20 +17
Contract jobs citing DNS 1324 1045 897
As % of all contract IT jobs located in the UK 2.46% 1.93% 1.70%
As % of the Communications & Networking category 15.52% 13.03% 12.76%
Number of daily rates quoted 849 612 493
Median daily rate £361 £350 £350
Median daily rate % change year-on-year
+3.07% -
90% offered a daily rate of more than £230 £196 £193
10% offered a daily rate of more than £500 £488 £450
UK excluding London median daily rate £330 £325 £308
% change year-on-year
+1.53% +5.43%
Number of hourly rates quoted 70 83 49
Median hourly rate £26.50 £25.00 £16.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year
+6.00% +51.51%
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £13.85 £12.70 £12.00
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £47.83 £46.46 £28.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £28.00 £25.00 £16.00
% change year-on-year
+12.00% +56.25%

The following table is for comparison with the above and provides statistics for the entire Communications & Networking category in contract jobs advertised across the UK.

Communications & Networking Category
UK
Contract IT job ads with a match in the
Communications & Networking category
8530 8022 7031
As % of all contract IT jobs located in the UK 15.87% 14.78% 13.35%
Number of daily rates quoted 5171 4464 3829
Median daily rate £388 £350 £360
Median daily rate % change year-on-year
+10.71% -2.77%
90% offered a daily rate of more than £245 £200 £200
10% offered a daily rate of more than £525 £500 £500
UK excluding London median daily rate £365 £340 £330
% change year-on-year
+7.35% +3.03%
Number of hourly rates quoted 379 468 393
Median hourly rate £27.50 £25.00 £20.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year
+10.00% +25.00%
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £12.50 £13.00 £12.00
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £47.83 £44.78 £40.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £29.00 £26.00 £18.50
% change year-on-year
+11.53% +40.54%

DNS
Jobs Demand Trend

The demand trend of contract jobs citing DNS as a proportion of all IT contracts with a match in the Communications & Networking category.

DNS Jobs Demand Trend in the UK

DNS
Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in IT contract jobs citing DNS within the UK.

DNS Daily Rate Trend in the UK

DNS
Daily Rate Histogram

This chart provides a histogram of daily rates quoted in contract IT jobs citing DNS within the UK over the 3 months to 26 May 2016.

DNS Daily Rate Histogram in the UK

DNS
Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for hourly rates quoted in IT contractor jobs citing DNS within the UK.

DNS Hourly Rate Trend in the UK

DNS
Hourly Rate Histogram

This chart provides a histogram of hourly rates quoted in contract IT jobs citing DNS within the UK over the 3 months to 26 May 2016.

DNS Hourly Rate Histogram in the UK

DNS
Top 30 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing DNS within the UK over the 3 months to 26 May 2016. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 3 month period last year.

Location
(Click see detailed
statistics and trends)
Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Last 3 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +7 1135 £375 +7.14% 326
London +14 427 £418 +13.99% 117
South East +3 259 £365 -2.66% 83
North East +25 165 £273 -0.81% 15
Tyne and Wear +25 160 £273 +3.90% 8
Newcastle upon Tyne +23 159 £273 +3.90% 8
Scotland +58 147 £325 +10.16% 3
Berkshire +25 97 £356 -10.37% 13
Erskine +5 84 £320 -8.04%
Renfrewshire +3 84 £320 -7.97%
City of London +28 75 £425 +9.67% 27
Hampshire +32 73 £350 -22.65% 20
North West -29 72 £375 +36.36% 18
Yorkshire +6 59 £443 +47.50% 17
East of England -10 53 £325 - 19
Reading +21 50 £375 -8.20% 5
South West -8 45 £310 -9.81% 29
West Yorkshire +2 40 £443 +47.50% 13
Manchester -1 38 £375 +40.18% 11
Surrey -23 38 £400 +14.28% 24
Leeds +4 30 £463 +54.16% 9
Glasgow +24 29 £335 +181.51% 3
West Midlands -18 26 £350 - 11
East Midlands -2 25 £319 -8.19% 16
South Wales +11 18 £350 -22.22% 4
Wales +6 18 £350 -22.22% 4
Hook +14 16 £320 -22.89%
Buckinghamshire +13 16 £430 +7.50% 3
Cambridgeshire +3 16 £340 +4.61% 10
Hertfordshire -5 16 £488 +39.50% 3

DNS
Top 30 Related IT Skills

For the 6 months to 26 May 2016, IT contractor jobs citing DNS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads with a requirement for DNS.

1 1345 (58.05%) Windows
2 1229 (53.04%) Active Directory
3 1144 (49.37%) DHCP
4 913 (39.40%) Microsoft
5 804 (34.70%) VMware
6 795 (34.31%) Windows Server
7 730 (31.51%) Linux
8 686 (29.61%) TCP/IP
9 646 (27.88%) Firewall
10 595 (25.68%) ITIL
11 517 (22.31%) VMware Infrastructure
12 488 (21.06%) Cisco
13 485 (20.93%) Windows Server 2008
14 430 (18.56%) Citrix
15 420 (18.13%) Security Cleared
16 419 (18.08%) SQL
17 408 (17.61%) Windows Server 2012
18 385 (16.62%) PowerShell
19 363 (15.67%) WAN
20 359 (15.49%) SSL
21 350 (15.11%) MS Exchange
22 349 (15.06%) Unix
23 337 (14.54%) LAN
24 319 (13.77%) Data Centre
25 318 (13.72%) SQL Server
26 316 (13.64%) SC Cleared
27 300 (12.95%) VPN
28 291 (12.56%) Microsoft Certification
29 279 (12.04%) HP
30 275 (11.87%) Windows Server 2003

DNS
Top Related IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 350 (15.11%) MS Exchange
2 275 (11.87%) IIS
3 239 (10.32%) Apache
4 179 (7.73%) SharePoint
5 177 (7.64%) Exchange Server 2010
6 158 (6.82%) Tomcat
7 137 (5.91%) Skype for Business
8 117 (5.05%) WebSphere
9 94 (4.06%) Exchange Server 2013
10 86 (3.71%) nginx
11 85 (3.67%) OpenStack
12 71 (3.06%) Exchange Server 2007
13 60 (2.59%) Jetty
14 55 (2.37%) JBoss
15 53 (2.29%) WebLogic
16 52 (2.24%) WebSphere Application Server
17 48 (2.07%) Exchange Server 2003
18 38 (1.64%) Blackberry Enterprise Server
19 32 (1.38%) IBM HTTP Server
20 29 (1.25%) SharePoint 2010
Applications
1 260 (11.22%) MS Excel
2 171 (7.38%) MS Office
3 26 (1.12%) MS Visio
4 15 (0.65%) MS Project
5 9 (0.39%) ProjectWise
6 7 (0.30%) InfoPath
7 6 (0.26%) Spreadsheet
8 3 (0.13%) HipChat
8 3 (0.13%) MS PowerPoint
9 2 (0.086%) Adobe Creative Suite
9 2 (0.086%) Adobe Illustrator
9 2 (0.086%) Photoshop
Business Applications
1 16 (0.69%) SAP Oil and Gas
2 8 (0.35%) Remedy ITSM
3 4 (0.17%) Dynamics CRM
4 2 (0.086%) Dynamics AX
4 2 (0.086%) Eikon
4 2 (0.086%) Infor CRM
5 1 (0.043%) Documaker
5 1 (0.043%) Dynamics NAV
5 1 (0.043%) Oracle 11i
5 1 (0.043%) Oracle Applications
5 1 (0.043%) Oracle EBS
5 1 (0.043%) Oracle EBS R12
5 1 (0.043%) Sage 200
5 1 (0.043%) Salesforce.com CRM
5 1 (0.043%) SDL Web 8
5 1 (0.043%) Teamcenter
Cloud Services
1 215 (9.28%) Amazon AWS
2 213 (9.19%) Office 365
3 169 (7.29%) Microsoft Azure
4 58 (2.50%) Cloud Computing
5 49 (2.11%) Amazon EC2
6 37 (1.60%) IaaS
7 36 (1.55%) Google Cloud Platform
8 32 (1.38%) Azure Active Directory
9 28 (1.21%) SaaS
10 27 (1.17%) Google App Engine
11 24 (1.04%) PaaS
12 19 (0.82%) Amazon S3
13 16 (0.69%) AWS CloudFormation
14 15 (0.65%) Amazon ELB
15 13 (0.56%) Virtual Private Cloud
16 10 (0.43%) Route 53
17 9 (0.39%) Amazon CloudWatch
17 9 (0.39%) Google Apps
18 5 (0.22%) Amazon ElastiCache
18 5 (0.22%) SoftLayer
Communications & Networking
1 1144 (49.37%) DHCP
2 686 (29.61%) TCP/IP
3 646 (27.88%) Firewall
4 363 (15.67%) WAN
5 359 (15.49%) SSL
6 337 (14.54%) LAN
7 300 (12.95%) VPN
8 273 (11.78%) HTTP
9 267 (11.52%) SAN
10 210 (9.06%) LDAP
11 200 (8.63%) Internet
12 191 (8.24%) IPsec
13 171 (7.38%) MPLS
14 167 (7.21%) FTP
15 142 (6.13%) BGP
16 141 (6.09%) SMTP
17 138 (5.96%) Network Security
18 130 (5.61%) Wireless
19 115 (4.96%) VLAN
20 111 (4.79%) OSPF
Database & Business Intelligence
1 318 (13.72%) SQL Server
2 114 (4.92%) MySQL
3 64 (2.76%) MongoDB
4 57 (2.46%) SQL Server 2008
5 53 (2.29%) Oracle Database
5 53 (2.29%) Relational Database
6 46 (1.99%) SQL Server 2012
7 44 (1.90%) PostgreSQL
8 32 (1.38%) NoSQL
9 30 (1.29%) RDBMS
10 29 (1.25%) SQL Server 2005
11 19 (0.82%) BusinessObjects
12 15 (0.65%) DB2
12 15 (0.65%) SQL Server Reporting Services
13 13 (0.56%) Amazon RDS
14 12 (0.52%) Oracle Database 11g
15 10 (0.43%) PowerCenter
15 10 (0.43%) SQL Server Integration Services
16 9 (0.39%) SQL Server 2014
17 8 (0.35%) SQL Server Analysis Services
Development Applications
1 182 (7.85%) Jenkins
2 97 (4.19%) Git (software)
3 57 (2.46%) Travis CI
4 51 (2.20%) JIRA
5 34 (1.47%) Maven
6 32 (1.38%) Team Foundation Server
7 31 (1.34%) Introscope
8 29 (1.25%) Visual Studio
9 24 (1.04%) MSI
10 22 (0.95%) Subversion
11 21 (0.91%) Hudson
12 13 (0.56%) Artifactory
13 11 (0.47%) Ant
13 11 (0.47%) Log4j
14 10 (0.43%) RSpec
14 10 (0.43%) TeamCity
14 10 (0.43%) Vagrant
15 9 (0.39%) Selenium
15 9 (0.39%) Sonatype Nexus
16 8 (0.35%) JUnit
General
1 266 (11.48%) Finance
2 94 (4.06%) Telecoms
3 90 (3.88%) Banking
4 42 (1.81%) Marketing
5 36 (1.55%) Manufacturing
6 34 (1.47%) Retail
7 28 (1.21%) Publishing
8 26 (1.12%) Back Office
9 18 (0.78%) Local Government
10 17 (0.73%) Electronics
10 17 (0.73%) Games
11 16 (0.69%) Advertising
12 15 (0.65%) Billing
12 15 (0.65%) Investment Banking
13 14 (0.60%) Financial Institution
14 13 (0.56%) Front Office
14 13 (0.56%) Legal
15 11 (0.47%) French Language
16 9 (0.39%) Law
17 7 (0.30%) Spanish Language
Job Titles
1 244 (10.53%) Support Engineer
2 226 (9.75%) Analyst
3 208 (8.98%) Network Engineer
4 196 (8.46%) Administrator
5 192 (8.29%) Infrastructure Engineer
6 128 (5.52%) DevOps Engineer
7 121 (5.22%) Active Directory Engineer
8 119 (5.14%) Architect
9 114 (4.92%) Server Engineer
10 113 (4.88%) Consultant
11 109 (4.70%) Linux Engineer
12 108 (4.66%) Systems Administrator
13 101 (4.36%) Windows Engineer
14 93 (4.01%) 3rd Line Engineer
14 93 (4.01%) 3rd Line Support
15 86 (3.71%) Support Analyst
15 86 (3.71%) VMware Engineer
16 84 (3.63%) Desktop Support
17 81 (3.50%) Wintel Engineer
18 75 (3.24%) Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 134 (5.78%) .NET
2 101 (4.36%) Middleware
3 100 (4.32%) Web Services
4 83 (3.58%) LAMP
5 76 (3.28%) CSS
5 76 (3.28%) HTML
5 76 (3.28%) XML
6 54 (2.33%) Servlets
7 51 (2.20%) J2EE
8 36 (1.55%) 802.1X
9 35 (1.51%) LEMP Stack
10 31 (1.34%) jQuery
10 31 (1.34%) REST
11 25 (1.08%) ASP.NET
11 25 (1.08%) LAPP Stack
12 21 (0.91%) HTML5
13 19 (0.82%) .NET Framework
13 19 (0.82%) Ajax
13 19 (0.82%) WebSphere MQ
14 18 (0.78%) SAML
Miscellaneous
1 319 (13.77%) Data Centre
2 148 (6.39%) Clustering
3 131 (5.65%) Management Information System
4 129 (5.57%) Computer Science
5 125 (5.39%) Analytical Skills
6 103 (4.45%) PKI
7 88 (3.80%) Replication
8 53 (2.29%) Public Cloud
9 43 (1.86%) Blackberry
10 40 (1.73%) Fat Client
10 40 (1.73%) Hybrid Cloud
10 40 (1.73%) Thin Client
11 32 (1.38%) Client/Server
12 31 (1.34%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
13 28 (1.21%) DataPower
13 28 (1.21%) Private Cloud
14 23 (0.99%) Driving Licence
15 22 (0.95%) Cryptography
16 20 (0.86%) EMC VNX
17 17 (0.73%) Enterprise Storage
Operating Systems
1 1345 (58.05%) Windows
2 795 (34.31%) Windows Server
3 730 (31.51%) Linux
4 485 (20.93%) Windows Server 2008
5 408 (17.61%) Windows Server 2012
6 349 (15.06%) Unix
7 275 (11.87%) Windows Server 2003
8 208 (8.98%) Windows 7
9 196 (8.46%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 104 (4.49%) Solaris
11 96 (4.14%) Windows XP
12 79 (3.41%) AIX
13 76 (3.28%) CentOS
14 62 (2.68%) Ubuntu
15 59 (2.55%) Windows 8
16 53 (2.29%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
17 40 (1.73%) Windows 10
18 36 (1.55%) SUSE
19 34 (1.47%) Android
20 32 (1.38%) Oracle Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 595 (25.68%) ITIL
2 265 (11.44%) Load Balancing
3 247 (10.66%) DevOps
4 236 (10.19%) Migration
5 234 (10.10%) Agile Software Development
6 221 (9.54%) Configuration Management
7 156 (6.73%) High Availability
8 150 (6.47%) Change Management
9 141 (6.09%) Disaster Recovery
10 136 (5.87%) Project Management
11 125 (5.39%) Open Source
12 106 (4.57%) Problem Management
13 99 (4.27%) Continuous Integration
14 96 (4.14%) Service Management
15 93 (4.01%) Incident Management
16 82 (3.54%) Continuous Improvement
17 72 (3.11%) Service Delivery
18 70 (3.02%) Mentoring
19 68 (2.93%) ITIL V3
20 63 (2.72%) Software Delivery
Programming Languages
1 419 (18.08%) SQL
2 385 (16.62%) PowerShell
3 243 (10.49%) Perl
4 224 (9.67%) Python
5 193 (8.33%) Java
6 188 (8.11%) Bash Shell
7 126 (5.44%) Shell Script
8 95 (4.10%) JavaScript
9 90 (3.88%) VBScript
10 73 (3.15%) Ruby
11 71 (3.06%) PHP
12 62 (2.68%) C#
13 46 (1.99%) Korn
14 37 (1.60%) C
15 32 (1.38%) T-SQL
16 30 (1.29%) C++
17 28 (1.21%) VB
18 26 (1.12%) C-shell
19 22 (0.95%) Jython
20 16 (0.69%) PL/SQL
Qualifications
1 420 (18.13%) Security Cleared
2 316 (13.64%) SC Cleared
3 291 (12.56%) Microsoft Certification
4 201 (8.68%) Cisco Certification
5 185 (7.98%) Degree
6 152 (6.56%) MCSE
7 119 (5.14%) CCNA
8 107 (4.62%) CCNP
9 95 (4.10%) MCSA
10 72 (3.11%) MCTS
11 70 (3.02%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
12 68 (2.93%) BPSS Clearance
13 65 (2.81%) MCP
14 59 (2.55%) MCITP
15 44 (1.90%) DV Cleared
16 27 (1.17%) CCIE
16 27 (1.17%) CISSP
16 27 (1.17%) MCSD
17 20 (0.86%) ITIL Certification
17 20 (0.86%) RHCE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 78 (3.37%) Disclosure Scotland
1 78 (3.37%) SLA
2 37 (1.60%) PCI DSS
3 21 (0.91%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 15 (0.65%) QA
5 4 (0.17%) HIPAA
5 4 (0.17%) JSP 440
6 3 (0.13%) COBIT
6 3 (0.13%) ISO15022
6 3 (0.13%) ISO20022
6 3 (0.13%) Sarbanes-Oxley
7 2 (0.086%) ISO 9001
7 2 (0.086%) WCAG
8 1 (0.043%) DICOM
8 1 (0.043%) GxP
8 1 (0.043%) HL7
8 1 (0.043%) ISO/IEC 17799
System Software
1 1229 (53.04%) Active Directory
2 517 (22.31%) VMware Infrastructure
3 219 (9.45%) XenApp
4 218 (9.41%) Hyper-V
5 157 (6.78%) vSphere
6 121 (5.22%) VMware ESX
7 84 (3.63%) XenDesktop
8 79 (3.41%) Microsoft App-V
9 75 (3.24%) VMware ESXi
10 63 (2.72%) Docker
11 60 (2.59%) NFS
12 58 (2.50%) Terminal Services
13 51 (2.20%) Xen
14 48 (2.07%) XenServer
15 43 (1.86%) UAG
16 33 (1.42%) vCloud
17 30 (1.29%) DFS Replication
17 30 (1.29%) Samba
18 29 (1.25%) Squid
19 28 (1.21%) Veritas Cluster Server
Systems Management
1 264 (11.39%) Puppet
2 260 (11.22%) SCCM
3 160 (6.91%) SCOM
4 100 (4.32%) Opscode Chef
5 91 (3.93%) Nagios
6 79 (3.41%) Ansible
7 71 (3.06%) WSUS
8 60 (2.59%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
9 44 (1.90%) NetBackup
10 43 (1.86%) Backup Exec
11 30 (1.29%) logstash
12 29 (1.25%) Cacti
12 29 (1.25%) ZABBIX
13 26 (1.12%) Norton AntiVirus
14 23 (0.99%) Graphite
14 23 (0.99%) OpenView Configuration Management
15 20 (0.86%) HP SIM
15 20 (0.86%) Symantec Endpoint Protection
16 19 (0.82%) HAProxy
17 18 (0.78%) Cisco Prime
Vendors
1 913 (39.40%) Microsoft
2 804 (34.70%) VMware
3 488 (21.06%) Cisco
4 430 (18.56%) Citrix
5 279 (12.04%) HP
6 263 (11.35%) Red Hat
7 243 (10.49%) Oracle
8 146 (6.30%) F5
9 137 (5.91%) CheckPoint
10 121 (5.22%) IBM
11 116 (5.01%) NetApp
12 95 (4.10%) Dell
13 93 (4.01%) Symantec
14 86 (3.71%) Juniper
15 77 (3.32%) AppSense
16 71 (3.06%) EMC
17 68 (2.93%) Palo Alto
18 65 (2.81%) SolarWinds
19 59 (2.55%) Splunk
20 53 (2.29%) Veritas
London
onezeero.
Rate: £300 - £325 per day
Posted: 15 hours ago
Newcastle Upon Tyne, Tyne and Wear
LA International
Posted: Yesterday
Reading, Berkshire
Oscar
Rate: £300 per day
Posted: Yesterday
Manchester
G2 Recruitment Solutions
Posted: 2 days ago
Gloucester, Gloucestershire
Connectus
Rate: £20 - £30 per hour
Posted: Yesterday
Newcastle Upon Tyne, Tyne and Wear
LA International
Rate: £27.5 - £30 per hour
Posted: Yesterday
London
Nigel Frank International Ltd
Rate: £300 - £340 per day
Posted: Yesterday
Leeds, West Yorkshire
Oscar
Rate: £400 - £450 per day
Posted: 8 hours ago
City, London
Ashdown IT
Rate: £250 - £310 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
City, London
Eames Consulting
Rate: £450 - £850 per day
Posted: 6 hours ago
Bracknell, Berkshire
LA International
Rate: £250 - £269 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
City, London
Think IT Recruitment
Rate: £400.00 - £450.00 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
Milton Keynes, Buckinghamshire
Sanderson
Rate: £400 - £480 per day
Posted: 12 hours ago
City, London
Networking People
Rate: £280 - £305 per day
Posted: Yesterday
Great Yarmouth, Norfolk
I4 Recruitment
Rate: £200 - 300 per day + Negotiable Day Rate
Posted: Yesterday
City, London
Involved Solutions Ltd
Rate: £0.00 per day
Posted: 6 hours ago
Newcastle Upon Tyne, Tyne and Wear
Harris Global
Rate: £240 per day
Posted: 3 days ago
London
IQ Public Sector
Rate: £350 - £400 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
London
HAYS INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY
Rate: £300.00 - £350.00 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
Crawley
Cathcart Associates
Posted: 8 days ago
Newcastle Upon Tyne, Tyne and Wear
Harris Global
Rate: Unspecified Market Rates Apply
Posted: 6 days ago
Newcastle-upon-Tyne, Tyne and Wear
Harris Global
Posted: 6 days ago
Ipswich, Suffolk
Lorien Resourcing
Posted: 2 days ago
London
Opus Recruitment Solutions Ltd
Rate: £500 - £600 per day
Posted: Yesterday
Portsmouth
aap3
Rate: £27 - £36 per annum
Posted: 8 days ago
London
Opus Recruitment Solutions Ltd
Rate: £470 - £550 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
Newcastle Upon Tyne, Tyne and Wear
Harris Global
Rate: Unspecified Market Rates Apply
Posted: 6 days ago
Gloucestershire
CPS Group Limited
Posted: 10 days ago
London
Hydrogen Group
Rate: £270.00 - £300.00 per day
Posted: 3 days ago
Chesterfield
Hays Specialist Recruitment
Rate: £250.00 - £300.00 per day
Posted: 9 days ago