The table below looks at the statistics for JUnit skills in IT contracts advertised across the UK. Included is a guide to the average contractor rates offered in IT contracts that have cited JUnit over the 3 months to 30 April 2016 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily contractor rates and hourly contractor rates are treated separately. When calculating average contractor rates, daily rates are not derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

3 months to
30 Apr 2016
Same period 2015 Same period 2014
JUnit
Rank 208 299 238
Rank change year-on-year
+91 -61
Contract jobs citing JUnit 670 405 495
As % of all contract IT jobs located in the UK 1.20% 0.73% 0.91%
As % of the Development Applications category 8.12% 5.61% 7.24%
Number of daily rates quoted 430 260 319
Average daily rate £450 £400 £415
Average daily rate % change year-on-year
+12.50% -3.61%
90% offered a daily rate of more than £325 £270 £300
10% offered a daily rate of more than £550 £535 £600
UK excluding London average daily rate £400 £375 £350
% change year-on-year
+6.66% +7.14%
Number of hourly rates quoted 4 2 10
Average hourly rate £40.50 £54.25 £41.75
Average hourly rate % change year-on-year
-25.34% +29.94%
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £37.65 £40.85 £39.75
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £44.05 £67.65 £71.00
UK excluding London average hourly rate £40.50 £54.25 £41.75
% change year-on-year
-25.34% +29.94%

The following table is for comparison with the above and provides statistics for the entire Development Applications category in contract jobs advertised across the UK.

Development Applications Category
UK
Contract IT job ads with a match in the
Development Applications category
8247 7225 6836
As % of all contract IT jobs located in the UK 14.75% 12.94% 12.50%
Number of daily rates quoted 5600 4623 4389
Average daily rate £425 £400 £375
Average daily rate % change year-on-year
+6.25% +6.66%
90% offered a daily rate of more than £313 £288 £275
10% offered a daily rate of more than £550 £525 £515
UK excluding London average daily rate £390 £365 £350
% change year-on-year
+6.84% +4.28%
Number of hourly rates quoted 160 144 132
Average hourly rate £42.37 £37.00 £38.50
Average hourly rate % change year-on-year
+14.51% -3.89%
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £28.40 £25.47 £31.00
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £48.20 £47.00 £55.00
UK excluding London average hourly rate £42.29 £37.00 £38.50
% change year-on-year
+14.29% -3.89%

JUnit
Jobs Demand Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving total of IT contractor jobs citing JUnit within the UK as a proportion of the total demand within the Development Applications category.

JUnit Jobs Demand Trend in the UK

JUnit
Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in IT contract jobs citing JUnit within the UK.

JUnit Daily Rate Trend in the UK

JUnit
Daily Rate Histogram

This chart provides a histogram of daily rates quoted in contract IT jobs citing JUnit within the UK over the 3 months to 30 April 2016.

JUnit Daily Rate Histogram in the UK

JUnit
Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for hourly rates quoted in IT contractor jobs citing JUnit within the UK.

JUnit Hourly Rate Trend in the UK

JUnit
Top 30 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the average contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing JUnit within the UK over the 3 months to 30 April 2016. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 3 month period last year.

Location
(Use links below to see detailed
statistics and historical trends)
Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Average
Daily Rate
Last 3 Months
Average Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +86 610 £450 +12.50% 132
London +102 301 £500 +11.11% 52
South East +67 172 £425 +21.42% 28
West Sussex - 73 £425 - 4
Worthing - 55 £425 - 2
Scotland -6 43 £350 -12.50% 10
Hampshire +6 41 £371 -3.63% 4
City of London +49 34 £525 +5.00% 14
Glasgow +22 33 £351 -17.35% 4
Surrey +12 31 £488 +80.55% 5
Yorkshire +18 30 £425 +21.42% 13
North West -8 28 £388 - 10
West Midlands +17 26 £420 +90.90% 7
West Yorkshire +14 22 £431 +27.77% 7
Leatherhead - 22 £475 -
Leeds +11 21 £438 +29.62% 7
East of England -5 20 £400 -11.11% 3
South West -6 18 £388 +3.33% 17
Bristol +11 16 £389 +11.07% 3
Wales +6 13 £425 +25.92% 4
South Wales -6 13 £425 +25.92% 3
Cheshire -12 13 £363 -
Cardiff -9 12 £425 +21.42%
Shropshire - 12 £500 -
Croydon - 12 £398 -
Northamptonshire +10 11 £325 +13.04% 1
East Midlands -8 11 £325 -7.80% 1
Northampton +15 10 £325 +12.06%
Manchester -6 10 £444 -1.38% 9
Berkshire +5 9 £575 +86.99% 3

JUnit
Top 30 Related IT Skills

For the 6 months to 30 April 2016, IT contractor jobs within the UK citing JUnit also mentioned the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number of jobs and their proportion against the total number of contract IT job ads sampled that cited JUnit.

1 1002 (93.64%) Java
2 728 (68.04%) Agile Software Development
3 667 (62.34%) Spring
4 454 (42.43%) Jenkins
5 450 (42.06%) Maven
6 410 (38.32%) TDD
7 397 (37.10%) Continuous Integration
8 395 (36.92%) Git (software)
9 370 (34.58%) HTML
10 359 (33.55%) Web Services
11 354 (33.08%) REST
12 344 (32.15%) Scrum
13 324 (30.28%) Subversion
14 302 (28.22%) SQL
14 302 (28.22%) Mockito
15 297 (27.76%) CSS
16 296 (27.66%) XML
17 291 (27.20%) Cucumber
18 287 (26.82%) Hibernate
19 285 (26.64%) JavaScript
20 278 (25.98%) Oracle
21 271 (25.33%) BDD
22 263 (24.58%) Selenium
23 257 (24.02%) JIRA
24 242 (22.62%) Tomcat
25 237 (22.15%) Linux
26 226 (21.12%) JSON
27 213 (19.91%) Unit Testing
28 208 (19.44%) SOAP
29 207 (19.35%) J2EE

JUnit
Top Related IT Skills by Category

For the 6 months to 30 April 2016, IT contractor jobs within the UK citing JUnit also mentioned the following IT skills grouped by category. The figures indicate the number of jobs and their proportion against the total number of contract IT job ads sampled that cited JUnit. Up to 20 skills are shown per category.

Application Platforms
1 242 (22.62%) Tomcat
2 140 (13.08%) JBoss
3 137 (12.80%) Apache
4 110 (10.28%) Confluence
5 90 (8.41%) Jetty
6 84 (7.85%) Node.js
7 74 (6.92%) WebLogic
8 61 (5.70%) WebSphere
9 33 (3.08%) Elasticsearch
9 33 (3.08%) nginx
10 30 (2.80%) GlassFish
11 24 (2.24%) WebSphere Application Server
12 22 (2.06%) Apache ServiceMix
13 21 (1.96%) IIS
14 15 (1.40%) Mule
15 13 (1.21%) CMS
16 11 (1.03%) Oracle HTTP Server
17 8 (0.75%) Oracle Service Bus
18 7 (0.65%) Liferay
18 7 (0.65%) LiveCycle
Applications
1 19 (1.78%) MS Excel
2 15 (1.40%) MS Visio
3 8 (0.75%) MS PowerPoint
4 7 (0.65%) Gliffy
4 7 (0.65%) MS Office
Business Applications
1 24 (2.24%) Payment Gateway
2 15 (1.40%) SAP Oil and Gas
3 4 (0.37%) RMDS
4 3 (0.28%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
4 3 (0.28%) ION MarketView
5 2 (0.19%) Global One
6 1 (0.093%) Oracle BPM
Cloud Services
1 85 (7.94%) Amazon AWS
2 33 (3.08%) GitHub
3 21 (1.96%) Microsoft Azure
4 16 (1.50%) Google Cloud Platform
5 15 (1.40%) Amazon S3
6 11 (1.03%) Amazon EC2
6 11 (1.03%) Amazon SQS
6 11 (1.03%) Google App Engine
7 10 (0.93%) Cloud Computing
7 10 (0.93%) PaaS
8 9 (0.84%) AWS CloudFormation
8 9 (0.84%) IaaS
8 9 (0.84%) SaaS
9 6 (0.56%) AWS Lambda
10 4 (0.37%) Lucidchart
11 2 (0.19%) Amazon ELB
11 2 (0.19%) Google Analytics
11 2 (0.19%) Route 53
12 1 (0.093%) Force.com
Communications & Networking
1 183 (17.10%) HTTP
2 61 (5.70%) TCP/IP
3 29 (2.71%) Internet
4 13 (1.21%) LDAP
5 11 (1.03%) Firewall
5 11 (1.03%) SSL
6 10 (0.93%) HTTPS
7 9 (0.84%) SNMP
7 9 (0.84%) SSH
7 9 (0.84%) Wireshark
8 6 (0.56%) DHCP
8 6 (0.56%) Network Security
9 5 (0.47%) DNS
10 4 (0.37%) FTP
11 3 (0.28%) IPsec
12 2 (0.19%) DVB
12 2 (0.19%) SMTP
12 2 (0.19%) Wireless
13 1 (0.093%) ADSL
13 1 (0.093%) Broadband
Database & Business Intelligence
1 180 (16.82%) NoSQL
2 133 (12.43%) MySQL
3 127 (11.87%) Relational Database
4 97 (9.07%) SQL Server
5 89 (8.32%) MongoDB
6 86 (8.04%) Apache Cassandra
7 81 (7.57%) Oracle Database
8 77 (7.20%) PostgreSQL
9 59 (5.51%) RDBMS
10 37 (3.46%) Apache Hive
11 35 (3.27%) Hadoop
12 34 (3.18%) DB2
12 34 (3.18%) Neo4j
13 28 (2.62%) Impala
14 23 (2.15%) Big Data
15 18 (1.68%) BusinessObjects
16 17 (1.59%) Oracle Database 11g
17 16 (1.50%) Amazon DynamoDB
18 15 (1.40%) Hazelcast
19 14 (1.31%) Redis
Development Applications
1 454 (42.43%) Jenkins
2 450 (42.06%) Maven
3 395 (36.92%) Git (software)
4 324 (30.28%) Subversion
5 302 (28.22%) Mockito
6 291 (27.20%) Cucumber
7 263 (24.58%) Selenium
8 257 (24.02%) JIRA
9 171 (15.98%) Gradle
10 136 (12.71%) Eclipse
11 98 (9.16%) JMeter
12 82 (7.66%) Atlassian Bamboo
13 74 (6.92%) Ant
14 55 (5.14%) JBehave
15 51 (4.77%) SoapUI
16 45 (4.21%) Spock
17 44 (4.11%) TestNG
18 41 (3.83%) Artifactory
18 41 (3.83%) IntelliJ
19 37 (3.46%) WebDriver
General
1 165 (15.42%) Finance
2 111 (10.37%) Banking
3 34 (3.18%) Retail
4 33 (3.08%) Marketing
5 32 (2.99%) Telecoms
6 30 (2.80%) Investment Banking
7 21 (1.96%) Front Office
8 16 (1.50%) Electronics
9 15 (1.40%) Manufacturing
10 9 (0.84%) Games
11 7 (0.65%) Legal
12 6 (0.56%) Publishing
12 6 (0.56%) Wholesale Banking
13 5 (0.47%) Back Office
13 5 (0.47%) Pharmaceutical
14 4 (0.37%) Financial Institution
15 3 (0.28%) Advertising
15 3 (0.28%) Military
15 3 (0.28%) Online Betting
16 2 (0.19%) Dutch Language
Job Titles
1 823 (76.92%) Developer
2 622 (58.13%) Java Developer
3 169 (15.79%) Senior Developer
4 126 (11.78%) Senior Java Developer
5 82 (7.66%) Agile Developer
6 79 (7.38%) Agile Java Developer
7 60 (5.61%) Scala Developer
8 59 (5.51%) Architect
8 59 (5.51%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
9 49 (4.58%) Lead Developer
10 47 (4.39%) Software Developer
11 36 (3.36%) Software Engineer
12 35 (3.27%) Java Engineer
12 35 (3.27%) Java Scala Developer
13 34 (3.18%) Analyst
14 28 (2.62%) Java Software Developer
14 28 (2.62%) Senior Agile Developer
15 27 (2.52%) Senior Agile Java Developer
15 27 (2.52%) Tester
16 26 (2.43%) Test Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 667 (62.34%) Spring
2 370 (34.58%) HTML
3 359 (33.55%) Web Services
4 354 (33.08%) REST
5 297 (27.76%) CSS
6 296 (27.66%) XML
7 287 (26.82%) Hibernate
8 226 (21.12%) JSON
9 208 (19.44%) SOAP
10 207 (19.35%) J2EE
11 179 (16.73%) RESTful
12 168 (15.70%) AngularJS
13 166 (15.51%) HTML5
14 155 (14.49%) jQuery
15 133 (12.43%) Java EE
16 132 (12.34%) Spring MVC
17 126 (11.78%) Ajax
18 122 (11.40%) CSS3
19 116 (10.84%) JPA
20 114 (10.65%) JSP
Miscellaneous
1 51 (4.77%) User Experience
2 46 (4.30%) Visualisation
3 44 (4.11%) Enterprise Software
4 43 (4.02%) Mobile App
5 39 (3.64%) Analytical Skills
6 38 (3.55%) Computer Science
7 27 (2.52%) iPad
8 22 (2.06%) Social Media
9 21 (1.96%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
10 19 (1.78%) Algorithms
10 19 (1.78%) Equities
11 18 (1.68%) Data Structures
12 15 (1.40%) Fixed Income
13 13 (1.21%) Derivative
14 11 (1.03%) Smart Meter
15 10 (0.93%) Equity Derivative
16 9 (0.84%) Market Risk
17 8 (0.75%) PKI
18 7 (0.65%) Cryptography
18 7 (0.65%) Wiki
Operating Systems
1 237 (22.15%) Linux
2 186 (17.38%) Unix
3 50 (4.67%) Windows
4 31 (2.90%) Android
5 19 (1.78%) Mac OS X
6 15 (1.40%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 6 (0.56%) Apple iOS
7 6 (0.56%) Solaris
7 6 (0.56%) Windows Server
8 4 (0.37%) Ubuntu
9 3 (0.28%) CentOS
10 2 (0.19%) Mac OS
11 1 (0.093%) AIX
11 1 (0.093%) Windows Vista
11 1 (0.093%) Windows XP
Processes & Methodologies
1 728 (68.04%) Agile Software Development
2 410 (38.32%) TDD
3 397 (37.10%) Continuous Integration
4 344 (32.15%) Scrum
5 271 (25.33%) BDD
6 213 (19.91%) Unit Testing
7 179 (16.73%) OO
8 166 (15.51%) Open Source
9 157 (14.67%) MVC
10 153 (14.30%) Software Engineering
11 118 (11.03%) Automated Testing
12 106 (9.91%) Microservices
13 102 (9.53%) SOA
14 97 (9.07%) Multithreading
14 97 (9.07%) Web Development
15 94 (8.79%) SDLC
15 94 (8.79%) Web Design
16 93 (8.69%) Responsive Web Design
17 92 (8.60%) Pair Programming
17 92 (8.60%) Test Automation
Programming Languages
1 1002 (93.64%) Java
2 302 (28.22%) SQL
3 285 (26.64%) JavaScript
4 166 (15.51%) Python
5 153 (14.30%) Ruby
6 141 (13.18%) Scala
7 92 (8.60%) C#
8 87 (8.13%) Groovy
9 79 (7.38%) PL/SQL
10 39 (3.64%) Perl
11 37 (3.46%) C++
11 37 (3.46%) Shell Script
12 33 (3.08%) Bash Shell
13 27 (2.52%) PHP
14 20 (1.87%) C
15 16 (1.50%) T-SQL
15 16 (1.50%) VB
16 8 (0.75%) AWK
16 8 (0.75%) PowerShell
16 8 (0.75%) sed
Qualifications
1 142 (13.27%) Security Cleared
2 105 (9.81%) SC Cleared
3 79 (7.38%) Degree
4 34 (3.18%) DV Cleared
5 20 (1.87%) Sun Certification
6 11 (1.03%) ISEB
7 10 (0.93%) ISTQB
8 6 (0.56%) BPSS Clearance
9 5 (0.47%) Oracle Certification
10 4 (0.37%) BC Cleared
10 4 (0.37%) OCP
10 4 (0.37%) PhD
11 3 (0.28%) OCA
12 2 (0.19%) OCAJ
13 1 (0.093%) CTC Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 85 (7.94%) QA
2 5 (0.47%) WCAG
3 4 (0.37%) Disclosure Scotland
4 3 (0.28%) SDET
5 2 (0.19%) ISO20022
5 2 (0.19%) SLA
6 1 (0.093%) Def Stans
6 1 (0.093%) IEC 61508
6 1 (0.093%) ISO 9001
6 1 (0.093%) PCI DSS
6 1 (0.093%) TickIT
System Software
1 71 (6.64%) Docker
2 21 (1.96%) VMware Infrastructure
3 8 (0.75%) Apache Flume
4 4 (0.37%) Active Directory
4 4 (0.37%) VirtualBox
5 3 (0.28%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 2 (0.19%) BitLocker
6 2 (0.19%) Cygwin
6 2 (0.19%) HDFS
7 1 (0.093%) Firmware
7 1 (0.093%) GridGain
Systems Management
1 57 (5.33%) Puppet
2 27 (2.52%) Ansible
2 27 (2.52%) Graphite
3 26 (2.43%) yum
4 20 (1.87%) Opscode Chef
5 17 (1.59%) Bareos
6 12 (1.12%) HP Quality Center
7 11 (1.03%) BladeLogic
8 9 (0.84%) Oozie
9 8 (0.75%) Control-M
10 5 (0.47%) Tivoli
11 3 (0.28%) CA Wily
12 2 (0.19%) TeamSite
13 1 (0.093%) Apache Shiro
13 1 (0.093%) Dollar Universe
13 1 (0.093%) Ganglia
13 1 (0.093%) Nagios
13 1 (0.093%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
13 1 (0.093%) Oracle Identity Management
13 1 (0.093%) Oracle Identity Manager
Vendors
1 278 (25.98%) Oracle
2 104 (9.72%) Google
3 41 (3.83%) Red Hat
4 38 (3.55%) Sybase
5 35 (3.27%) IBM
6 31 (2.90%) HP
6 31 (2.90%) SOASTA, Inc
7 30 (2.80%) hybris
8 28 (2.62%) ATG
9 26 (2.43%) Atlassian
10 23 (2.15%) Microsoft
11 22 (2.06%) Endeca
12 21 (1.96%) VMware
13 17 (1.59%) SAP
14 13 (1.21%) Adobe
15 10 (0.93%) ESRI
16 9 (0.84%) Rally
16 9 (0.84%) Splunk
17 8 (0.75%) Cisco
18 7 (0.65%) Sun
Leeds, Yorkshire
Mercator IT Solutions
Rate: / day
Posted: Yesterday
Birmingham, West Midlands (County)
Coburg Banks IT
Rate: £300 - £350 per day
Posted: Yesterday
Bristol, Avon
LA International
Rate: £300 - £400 per day
Posted: Yesterday
Oxford, Oxfordshire
Intapeople
Rate: Competitive
Posted: 2 days ago
London
Harvey Nash plc
Rate: £500 - £575 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
Oxfordshire
Haybrook IT Resourcing Ltd
Rate: From £400 to £550 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
Oxford, Oxfordshire
Understanding Recruitment
Rate: £400 - £550 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
Oxford, Oxfordshire
Square One Resources
Rate: From £450 to £550 per day 3 months contract
Posted: 2 days ago
Burgess Hill, West Sussex
Circle Recruitment
Rate: £400 - £500 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
Leeds, West Yorkshire
Oliver Bernard
Rate: £400 - £450 per day + Flexible working
Posted: 2 days ago
Manchester, Lancashire
Randstad Technologies
Rate: £0.00 per annum
Posted: 3 days ago
Northamptonshire
The Bridge Ltd
Rate: Up to £420 per day
Posted: 3 days ago
London
Elevate Direct
Rate: From £500 to £600 per day
Posted: 3 days ago
South Wales
Stott & May
Posted: 4 days ago
City, London
DCV Technologies
Rate: £300 - £500 per day + Excellent rates
Posted: 5 days ago
Gloucestershire
People Source Consulting
Rate: £450 - £550 per day
Posted: 5 days ago
London
Harvey Nash plc
Rate: £500 - £575 per day
Posted: 5 days ago
West London
PCR
Rate: £400 - £585 per day
Posted: 5 days ago
West London
PCR
Rate: £375 - £500 per day
Posted: 5 days ago
City of London
iKas International
Rate: £550 - £650 per day
Posted: 5 days ago
Worthing
Edward Carter Solutions
Rate: EXCELLENT RATES
Posted: 9 days ago
Scotland
Development and Infrastructure
Rate: £300 - 400 per day
Posted: 12 days ago
London
iKas International
Rate: £550 - £600 per day
Posted: 12 days ago
Farnham
Spectrum IT
Rate: £375 - £400 per day
Posted: 18 days ago
Leeds
Computer Futures
Rate: £350 - £450 per day + competitive
Posted: 19 days ago
London
People Source Consulting
Rate: £450 - £550 per day
Posted: 19 days ago
London
People Source Consulting
Rate: £350 - £400 per day
Posted: 22 days ago
Manchester
Computer Futures
Rate: £350 - £400 per day + competitive
Posted: 23 days ago
Worthing, West Sussex
Maxegan
Rate: Up to £500 per day
Posted: 24 days ago
Glasgow
Computer Futures
Rate: £325 - £380 per day + competitive
Posted: 25 days ago