The table below looks at the statistics for knowledge and experience of VMware products and/or services in IT contracts advertised across the UK. Included is a guide to the contractor rates offered in IT contracts that have cited VMware over the 3 months to 24 January 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily contractor rates and hourly contractor rates are treated separately. When calculating average contractor rates, daily rates are not derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

The figures below represent the IT contractor job market in general and are not representative of contractor rates within VMware, Inc.

3 months to
24 Jan 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
VMware
UK
Rank 42 40 35
Rank change year-on-year
-2 -5
Contract jobs citing VMware 2087 2144 2409
As % of all contract IT jobs located in the UK 4.65% 4.29% 4.83%
As % of the Vendors category 10.28% 9.90% 10.58%
Number of daily rates quoted 1356 1370 1486
Median daily rate £400 £390 £375
Median daily rate % change year-on-year
+2.56% +4.00%
90% offered a daily rate of more than £230 £225 £215
10% offered a daily rate of more than £550 £535 £500
UK excluding London median daily rate £350 £363 £350
% change year-on-year
-3.44% +3.57%
Number of hourly rates quoted 95 117 118
Median hourly rate £25.00 £26.60 £22.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year
-6.01% +20.90%
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £14.50 £15.00 £13.00
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £47.83 £50.00 £35.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £22.50 £26.50 £22.50
% change year-on-year
-15.09% +17.77%

The following table is for comparison with the above and provides statistics for the entire Vendors category in contract jobs advertised across the UK.

Vendors Category
UK
Contract IT job ads with a match in the
Vendors category
20304 21658 22770
As % of all contract IT jobs located in the UK 45.26% 43.32% 45.64%
Number of daily rates quoted 12487 12740 13329
Median daily rate £420 £400 £396
Median daily rate % change year-on-year
+5.00% +1.01%
90% offered a daily rate of more than £250 £225 £225
10% offered a daily rate of more than £575 £550 £550
UK excluding London median daily rate £390 £375 £375
% change year-on-year
+4.00% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 756 863 997
Median hourly rate £19.50 £22.50 £17.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year
-13.33% +28.57%
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £11.00 £11.50 £11.19
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £50.00 £52.63 £39.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £18.20 £23.00 £17.25
% change year-on-year
-20.89% +33.33%

VMware
Jobs Demand Trend

The demand trend of contract jobs citing VMware as a proportion of all IT contracts with a match in the Vendors category.

VMware Jobs Demand Trend in the UK

VMware
Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in IT contract jobs citing VMware within the UK.

VMware Daily Rate Trend in the UK

VMware
Daily Rate Histogram

This chart provides a histogram of daily rates quoted in contract IT jobs citing VMware within the UK over the 3 months to 24 January 2017.

VMware Daily Rate Histogram in the UK

VMware
Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for hourly rates quoted in IT contractor jobs citing VMware within the UK.

VMware Hourly Rate Trend in the UK

VMware
Hourly Rate Histogram

This chart provides a histogram of hourly rates quoted in contract IT jobs citing VMware within the UK over the 3 months to 24 January 2017.

VMware Hourly Rate Histogram in the UK

VMware
Top 30 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing VMware within the UK over the 3 months to 24 January 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 3 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Last 3 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England 0 1919 £400 - 570
London +3 799 £425 - 202
South East +8 498 £400 +14.28% 128
Hampshire +11 232 £450 +24.56% 26
Yorkshire +13 124 £365 -8.75% 51
City of London -4 112 £418 +4.37% 55
East of England +15 108 £371 -1.20% 22
Scotland +12 105 £340 -2.85% 16
North West -12 98 £325 -21.35% 65
South West -10 94 £300 -11.76% 28
West Yorkshire +15 91 £375 -4.76% 35
Berkshire +2 90 £345 -8.00% 38
Leeds +20 83 £400 +1.91% 19
Surrey +16 78 £368 +8.48% 23
West Midlands -7 75 £313 -3.84% 32
North East +2 61 £275 -38.88% 11
East Midlands -12 54 £338 -10.00% 27
Manchester +22 50 £300 -7.69% 49
Tyne and Wear -7 46 £288 -36.11% 9
Newcastle upon Tyne -8 45 £294 -34.72% 6
Edinburgh +25 39 £400 +14.28% 4
Buckinghamshire +9 38 £356 +9.61% 12
Birmingham +4 38 £306 -2.00% 5
Wiltshire -8 38 £331 -2.57% 4
Croydon +16 36 £470 +10.58%
Glasgow +12 34 £240 -31.42% 7
Milton Keynes +13 32 £393 +19.92% 3
South Yorkshire +3 30 £350 -12.50% 12
Winchester +2 30 £444 +10.93% 4
Fareham - 30 £600 - 3

VMware
Top 30 Related IT Skills

For the 6 months to 24 January 2017, IT contractor jobs citing VMware also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads with a requirement for VMware.

1 2558 (56.71%) Windows
2 2356 (52.23%) VMware Infrastructure
3 1618 (35.87%) Active Directory
4 1581 (35.05%) Linux
5 1463 (32.43%) Microsoft
6 1392 (30.86%) Windows Server
7 969 (21.48%) Cisco
8 920 (20.39%) Security Cleared
9 915 (20.28%) Windows Server 2008
10 889 (19.71%) DNS
11 875 (19.40%) Citrix
12 831 (18.42%) Windows Server 2012
13 738 (16.36%) Firewall
14 725 (16.07%) SC Cleared
15 695 (15.41%) ITIL
16 683 (15.14%) SAN
17 681 (15.10%) Puppet
18 663 (14.70%) DevOps
19 622 (13.79%) Data Centre
20 598 (13.26%) vSphere
21 592 (13.12%) Amazon AWS
22 578 (12.81%) Finance
23 571 (12.66%) SQL Server
24 553 (12.26%) Agile Software Development
25 551 (12.21%) SQL
26 550 (12.19%) Red Hat
27 542 (12.02%) PowerShell
28 535 (11.86%) HP
29 533 (11.82%) Unix
30 502 (11.13%) Hyper-V

VMware
Top Related IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 477 (10.57%) MS Exchange
2 383 (8.49%) Apache
3 259 (5.74%) IIS
4 242 (5.36%) Exchange Server 2010
5 168 (3.72%) Tomcat
6 166 (3.68%) SharePoint
7 133 (2.95%) Skype for Business
8 127 (2.82%) OpenStack
9 120 (2.66%) Exchange Server 2013
10 117 (2.59%) Elasticsearch
11 116 (2.57%) Confluence
12 100 (2.22%) nginx
13 95 (2.11%) Exchange Server 2007
14 75 (1.66%) WebSphere
15 50 (1.11%) JBoss
16 43 (0.95%) Jetty
16 43 (0.95%) WebLogic
17 32 (0.71%) BizTalk Server
17 32 (0.71%) Blackberry Enterprise Server
18 27 (0.60%) Exchange Server 2003
Applications
1 415 (9.20%) MS Excel
2 200 (4.43%) MS Office
3 77 (1.71%) HipChat
4 34 (0.75%) MS Visio
5 23 (0.51%) MS PowerPoint
6 12 (0.27%) MS Project
7 6 (0.13%) Spreadsheet
8 3 (0.067%) Adobe Creative Suite
9 1 (0.022%) Adobe Illustrator
9 1 (0.022%) Photoshop
9 1 (0.022%) Windchill
Business Applications
1 23 (0.51%) SAP Oil and Gas
2 20 (0.44%) Dynamics NAV
3 16 (0.35%) Dynamics CRM
4 9 (0.20%) SAP hybris
5 7 (0.16%) Oracle Applications
5 7 (0.16%) Oracle EBS
5 7 (0.16%) Oracle Retail
6 6 (0.13%) Oracle Payables
7 4 (0.089%) Infor M3
7 4 (0.089%) Oracle Financials
7 4 (0.089%) Remedy ITSM
8 3 (0.067%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
8 3 (0.067%) PeopleSoft Financials
8 3 (0.067%) RMDS
8 3 (0.067%) Sentinel
8 3 (0.067%) Teamcenter
9 2 (0.044%) Markit EDM
9 2 (0.044%) Oracle EBS R12
9 2 (0.044%) Oracle ERP
9 2 (0.044%) Primavera
Cloud Services
1 592 (13.12%) Amazon AWS
2 424 (9.40%) Microsoft Azure
3 315 (6.98%) Office 365
4 279 (6.18%) IaaS
5 192 (4.26%) PaaS
6 84 (1.86%) SaaS
7 74 (1.64%) Cloud Computing
8 63 (1.40%) GitHub
9 35 (0.78%) AWS CloudFormation
9 35 (0.78%) Azure Active Directory
10 34 (0.75%) Google Cloud Platform
11 32 (0.71%) Amazon EC2
12 25 (0.55%) Amazon S3
13 16 (0.35%) G Suite
14 15 (0.33%) Google App Engine
15 13 (0.29%) HP Helion
16 12 (0.27%) Boomi
16 12 (0.27%) Heroku
17 9 (0.20%) Amazon CloudWatch
17 9 (0.20%) Virtual Private Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 889 (19.71%) DNS
2 738 (16.36%) Firewall
3 683 (15.14%) SAN
4 456 (10.11%) DHCP
5 404 (8.96%) TCP/IP
6 401 (8.89%) WAN
7 393 (8.71%) LAN
8 273 (6.05%) VPN
9 186 (4.12%) NAS
10 165 (3.66%) LDAP
11 141 (3.13%) HTTP
11 141 (3.13%) VLAN
12 138 (3.06%) Internet
13 125 (2.77%) SSL
14 123 (2.73%) SSH
15 117 (2.59%) VoIP
16 113 (2.50%) MPLS
17 110 (2.44%) NetScaler
18 105 (2.33%) Cisco ASA
19 101 (2.24%) Network Security
Database & Business Intelligence
1 571 (12.66%) SQL Server
2 243 (5.39%) PostgreSQL
3 193 (4.28%) MySQL
4 169 (3.75%) Hadoop
5 126 (2.79%) Oracle Database
6 81 (1.80%) SQL Server 2008
7 76 (1.68%) SQL Server 2012
8 74 (1.64%) Oracle Database 11g
9 67 (1.49%) NoSQL
10 64 (1.42%) MongoDB
11 58 (1.29%) Big Data
12 57 (1.26%) Relational Database
13 52 (1.15%) SQL Server 2005
14 50 (1.11%) SQL Server Reporting Services
15 49 (1.09%) DB2
16 46 (1.02%) Redis
17 41 (0.91%) SQL Server Integration Services
18 34 (0.75%) SQL Server 2014
19 33 (0.73%) Data Warehouse
20 26 (0.58%) SQL Server Analysis Services
Development Applications
1 393 (8.71%) Jenkins
2 342 (7.58%) Git (software)
3 153 (3.39%) JIRA
4 126 (2.79%) Maven
5 116 (2.57%) Sonatype Nexus
6 90 (2.00%) SonarQube
7 86 (1.91%) JUnit
8 84 (1.86%) Ant
9 81 (1.80%) Liquibase
9 81 (1.80%) Vagrant
10 77 (1.71%) Bitbucket
10 77 (1.71%) JIRA Agile
11 43 (0.95%) Team Foundation Server
12 42 (0.93%) Subversion
13 41 (0.91%) Gerrit
13 41 (0.91%) GitLab
14 36 (0.80%) MSI
15 33 (0.73%) Atlassian Bamboo
16 29 (0.64%) Mercurial
17 25 (0.55%) Visual Studio
General
1 578 (12.81%) Finance
2 138 (3.06%) Banking
3 106 (2.35%) Telecoms
4 90 (2.00%) Retail
5 69 (1.53%) Manufacturing
6 58 (1.29%) Law
7 49 (1.09%) Back Office
7 49 (1.09%) Legal
8 42 (0.93%) Marketing
9 40 (0.89%) Advertising
10 38 (0.84%) Publishing
11 37 (0.82%) Electronics
12 33 (0.73%) Military
13 27 (0.60%) Games
14 24 (0.53%) Investment Banking
15 23 (0.51%) Financial Institution
16 17 (0.38%) Local Government
17 13 (0.29%) Billing
18 11 (0.24%) Pharmaceutical
19 6 (0.13%) Aerospace
Job Titles
1 547 (12.13%) Infrastructure Engineer
2 525 (11.64%) Architect
3 364 (8.07%) Administrator
4 358 (7.94%) DevOps Engineer
5 339 (7.51%) Analyst
6 331 (7.34%) Support Engineer
7 313 (6.94%) VMware Engineer
8 258 (5.72%) Consultant
9 249 (5.52%) 3rd Line Engineer
10 233 (5.17%) Systems Administrator
11 217 (4.81%) Infrastructure Architect
12 194 (4.30%) Windows Engineer
13 188 (4.17%) 3rd Line Support
14 151 (3.35%) Linux Engineer
15 147 (3.26%) Systems Engineer
16 139 (3.08%) Network Engineer
17 133 (2.95%) Linux Administrator
18 131 (2.90%) Server Engineer
19 129 (2.86%) Support Analyst
20 121 (2.68%) 3rd Line Support Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 145 (3.21%) ELK Stack
2 139 (3.08%) Web Services
3 125 (2.77%) Middleware
4 113 (2.50%) LAMP
5 103 (2.28%) MCollective
6 92 (2.04%) Software Packaging
7 78 (1.73%) .NET
8 64 (1.42%) REST
9 62 (1.37%) LAPP Stack
10 59 (1.31%) HTML
11 54 (1.20%) SOAP
12 50 (1.11%) RabbitMQ
13 44 (0.98%) CSS
14 43 (0.95%) J2EE
14 43 (0.95%) Node.js
15 41 (0.91%) XML
16 39 (0.86%) LEMP Stack
17 33 (0.73%) RESTful
17 33 (0.73%) Spring
18 23 (0.51%) JSON
Miscellaneous
1 622 (13.79%) Data Centre
2 199 (4.41%) Analytical Skills
3 187 (4.15%) Clustering
4 136 (3.01%) Management Information System
5 107 (2.37%) EMC VNX
6 97 (2.15%) Replication
7 95 (2.11%) Private Cloud
8 91 (2.02%) PKI
9 87 (1.93%) Fat Client
9 87 (1.93%) Thin Client
10 83 (1.84%) VCE vBlock
11 80 (1.77%) Computer Science
12 64 (1.42%) Hybrid Cloud
12 64 (1.42%) Public Cloud
13 63 (1.40%) EMC VMAX
14 54 (1.20%) Blackberry
15 46 (1.02%) Enterprise Software
16 41 (0.91%) NHS
17 37 (0.82%) Client/Server
18 32 (0.71%) CMDB
Operating Systems
1 2558 (56.71%) Windows
2 1581 (35.05%) Linux
3 1392 (30.86%) Windows Server
4 915 (20.28%) Windows Server 2008
5 831 (18.42%) Windows Server 2012
6 533 (11.82%) Unix
7 484 (10.73%) Windows Server 2003
8 451 (10.00%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 398 (8.82%) Windows 7
10 267 (5.92%) CentOS
11 249 (5.52%) Solaris
12 160 (3.55%) Windows 10
13 139 (3.08%) AIX
14 127 (2.82%) Ubuntu
15 86 (1.91%) Windows 8
16 79 (1.75%) SUSE
17 65 (1.44%) Oracle Linux
18 55 (1.22%) Windows XP
19 49 (1.09%) Mac OS X
20 47 (1.04%) Android
Processes & Methodologies
1 695 (15.41%) ITIL
2 663 (14.70%) DevOps
3 553 (12.26%) Agile Software Development
4 435 (9.64%) Migration
5 413 (9.16%) Configuration Management
6 326 (7.23%) Continuous Integration
7 319 (7.07%) Service Management
8 247 (5.48%) Scrum
9 226 (5.01%) Continuous Delivery
10 188 (4.17%) Project Management
11 183 (4.06%) Change Management
12 175 (3.88%) Load Balancing
13 166 (3.68%) High Availability
14 163 (3.61%) Stakeholder Management
15 155 (3.44%) Disaster Recovery
16 148 (3.28%) Open Source
17 133 (2.95%) Problem Management
18 128 (2.84%) Identity Management
19 127 (2.82%) Incident Management
20 120 (2.66%) Performance Tuning
Programming Languages
1 551 (12.21%) SQL
2 542 (12.02%) PowerShell
3 325 (7.20%) Bash Shell
4 316 (7.01%) Python
5 270 (5.99%) Java
6 232 (5.14%) Perl
7 202 (4.48%) Shell Script
8 199 (4.41%) Ruby
9 90 (2.00%) C
10 89 (1.97%) JavaScript
11 83 (1.84%) PHP
12 72 (1.60%) VBScript
13 58 (1.29%) C#
14 52 (1.15%) VB
15 48 (1.06%) Korn
16 23 (0.51%) Scala
17 20 (0.44%) T-SQL
18 19 (0.42%) C++
19 15 (0.33%) AWK
19 15 (0.33%) PL/SQL
Qualifications
1 920 (20.39%) Security Cleared
2 725 (16.07%) SC Cleared
3 304 (6.74%) Microsoft Certification
4 254 (5.63%) Cisco Certification
5 230 (5.10%) MCSE
6 189 (4.19%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
7 169 (3.75%) Degree
8 155 (3.44%) CCNA
9 153 (3.39%) DV Cleared
10 125 (2.77%) CCNP
11 94 (2.08%) MCSA
12 77 (1.71%) BPSS Clearance
13 70 (1.55%) ITIL Certification
14 66 (1.46%) MCITP
15 56 (1.24%) MCP
16 49 (1.09%) CCIE
17 34 (0.75%) CTC Cleared
17 34 (0.75%) DBS Check
17 34 (0.75%) RHCE
18 24 (0.53%) CISSP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 144 (3.19%) SLA
2 102 (2.26%) PCI DSS
3 64 (1.42%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 54 (1.20%) Disclosure Scotland
5 34 (0.75%) QA
6 26 (0.58%) JSP 440
7 17 (0.38%) RMADS
8 10 (0.22%) Sarbanes-Oxley
9 7 (0.16%) ISO 9001
10 5 (0.11%) COBIT
11 4 (0.089%) ISO22301
12 3 (0.067%) PA-DSS
13 2 (0.044%) GPG13
13 2 (0.044%) ISO 14001
14 1 (0.022%) BS7799
14 1 (0.022%) Data Quality
14 1 (0.022%) GCP
14 1 (0.022%) GxP
14 1 (0.022%) ISO 9000
14 1 (0.022%) ISO19770
System Software
1 2356 (52.23%) VMware Infrastructure
2 1618 (35.87%) Active Directory
3 598 (13.26%) vSphere
4 502 (11.13%) Hyper-V
5 386 (8.56%) VMware ESX
6 317 (7.03%) XenApp
7 297 (6.58%) Docker
8 287 (6.36%) VMware ESXi
9 225 (4.99%) vCloud
10 181 (4.01%) Virtual Machines
11 164 (3.64%) XenDesktop
12 158 (3.50%) Microsoft App-V
13 103 (2.28%) NFS
14 97 (2.15%) Virtual Servers
15 92 (2.04%) Squid
16 87 (1.93%) XenServer
17 84 (1.86%) Postfix
18 80 (1.77%) Virtual Desktop
19 67 (1.49%) KVM
20 66 (1.46%) Xen
Systems Management
1 681 (15.10%) Puppet
2 407 (9.02%) SCCM
3 377 (8.36%) Ansible
4 209 (4.63%) Opscode Chef
5 186 (4.12%) ZABBIX
6 140 (3.10%) vRealize
7 137 (3.04%) SCOM
8 134 (2.97%) logstash
9 133 (2.95%) Kubernetes
9 133 (2.95%) Nagios
10 127 (2.82%) Kibana
11 124 (2.75%) Terraform
12 117 (2.59%) NetBackup
13 106 (2.35%) WSUS
14 86 (1.91%) Backup Exec
15 82 (1.82%) HAProxy
15 82 (1.82%) Rancher
16 77 (1.71%) Tivoli Storage Manager
17 69 (1.53%) Microsoft Clustering
18 67 (1.49%) Packer
Vendors
1 1463 (32.43%) Microsoft
2 969 (21.48%) Cisco
3 875 (19.40%) Citrix
4 550 (12.19%) Red Hat
5 535 (11.86%) HP
6 492 (10.91%) Oracle
7 339 (7.51%) EMC
8 317 (7.03%) NetApp
9 248 (5.50%) IBM
10 218 (4.83%) Dell
11 165 (3.66%) Symantec
12 163 (3.61%) CheckPoint
13 120 (2.66%) Veritas
14 104 (2.31%) AppSense
15 103 (2.28%) 3PAR
15 103 (2.28%) Atlassian
16 98 (2.17%) F5
17 97 (2.15%) Intel Security
17 97 (2.15%) Sonatype
18 95 (2.11%) Avaya
City, London
Affinity Recruitment Ltd
Rate: From £350 to £450 per day
Posted: 1 hour ago
Windsor, Berkshire
Oscar
Posted: 2 hours ago
Slough, Berkshire
Spencer Rose
Rate: Up to £380 per day
Posted: 6 hours ago
London
Harvey Nash plc
Rate: £400 - £430 per day
Posted: 6 hours ago
Berkshire
Networking People
Rate: £300 - £335 per day
Posted: 4 hours ago
Bristol, Avon
Experis Ltd
Rate: £300 - £301 per day
Posted: 5 hours ago
Fareham, Hampshire
Net Talent
Posted: 5 hours ago
City, London
I3
Rate: £400 - £450 per day + DoE
Posted: 3 hours ago
London
Global Technology Solutions Ltd
Rate: £120 - £150 per day
Posted: 7 hours ago
Birmingham, West Midlands (County)
CPS Group UK
Rate: £200 - £250 per day
Posted: 21 hours ago
Central London / West End
Zimbani
Rate: From £600 to £650 per day
Posted: 6 hours ago
Edinburgh, Midlothian
Lorien Resourcing
Posted: Yesterday
Hampshire
LA International
Posted: 4 hours ago
London
Montash
Rate: £500 - £550 per annum + negotiable
Posted: Yesterday
Cannock, Staffordshire
Experis Ltd
Rate: £200.00 - £250.00 per day
Posted: 5 days ago
Basingstoke, Hampshire
LA International
Rate: £314 per day
Posted: Yesterday
Basingstoke, Hampshire
Lorien Resourcing
Posted: Yesterday
Manchester, Lancashire
Harvey Nash plc
Posted: 3 days ago
Shetland Islands
X4 Group
Rate: €150 - 190 per day
Posted: 4 days ago
Reading, Berkshire
Polar Recruitment
Rate: £50 - £55 per hour
Posted: 4 days ago
Manchester, Lancashire
Robert Walters
Rate: £120 - £170 per day
Posted: 4 days ago
Glossop, Derbyshire
Lawrence Harvey Enterprise
Rate: £335.76 - £419.70 per day
Posted: 4 days ago
Birmingham, West Midlands (County)
Coburg Banks IT
Rate: £340 - £350 per day
Posted: 4 days ago
City, London
CPS Group UK
Rate: £450 - £600 per day
Posted: 22 hours ago
London
Venn Group
Rate: £300 - £400 Per Day
Posted: 4 days ago
Winchester, Hampshire
Polar Recruitment
Rate: £400 - £450 per day
Posted: 22 hours ago
London
E-synergy Solutions
Rate: £400 - £450 per day
Posted: 4 days ago
London
Mortimer Spinks
Posted: 3 days ago
Central London / West End
Lennon Wright
Posted: 6 days ago
Erskine, Renfrewshire
LA International
Posted: 4 days ago