Period
to 19 June 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for SQL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited SQL over the 6 months to 19 June 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

SQL (Structured Query Language)
UK > England
6 months to
19 Jun 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 6 6 5
Rank change year-on-year 0 -1 0
Contract jobs citing SQL 11,764 10,999 13,080
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 12.92% 13.12% 13.43%
As % of the Programming Languages category 29.62% 31.57% 34.67%
Number of daily rates quoted 8,129 7,552 9,169
England median daily rate £450 £420 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +7.14% +5.00% +5.26%
10th Percentile £295 £275 £263
90th Percentile £613 £594 £576
UK median daily rate £435 £413 £400
% change year-on-year +5.45% +3.13% +6.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 184 211 218
England median hourly rate £27.33 £40.00 £32.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -31.68% +23.08% +36.84%
10th Percentile £12.75 £14.25 £13.23
90th Percentile £56.75 £50.00 £47.38
UK median hourly rate £26.50 £40.00 £29.00
% change year-on-year -33.75% +37.93% +16.00%

SQL is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 39,711 34,844 37,727
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 43.62% 41.55% 38.73%
Number of daily rates quoted 27,879 24,032 26,144
England median daily rate £475 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +6.25%
10th Percentile £313 £300 £278
90th Percentile £638 £625 £600
UK median daily rate £460 £438 £420
% change year-on-year +5.22% +4.17% +5.00%
Number of hourly rates quoted 713 758 853
England median hourly rate £41.50 £41.25 £38.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +0.61% +7.14% +10.00%
10th Percentile £17.52 £17.68 £14.65
90th Percentile £53.50 £53.75 £52.25
UK median hourly rate £41.00 £41.13 £38.00
% change year-on-year -0.30% +8.22% +8.57%

SQL
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing SQL as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for SQL in England

SQL
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing SQL in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for SQL in England

SQL
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing SQL in England over the 6 months to 19 June 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for SQL in England

SQL
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing SQL in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for SQL in England

SQL
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing SQL in England over the 6 months to 19 June 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for SQL in England

SQL
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing SQL within the England region over the 6 months to 19 June 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +1 6,335 £490 +4.26% 1,624
South East -1 1,781 £400 +2.56% 795
North of England 0 1,512 £375 +6.85% 868
Midlands -1 1,002 £388 +10.71% 536
North West -1 780 £375 +4.17% 499
Yorkshire 0 601 £375 +4.17% 310
South West 0 579 £390 +4.00% 331
West Midlands 0 578 £388 +10.64% 290
East of England +1 548 £400 +9.97% 270
East Midlands +2 420 £388 +19.23% 245
North East +9 136 £325 -4.41% 59
SQL
UK

For the 6 months to 19 June 2018, IT contractor jobs citing SQL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for SQL.

1 3,523 (29.95%) Agile Software Development
2 3,342 (28.41%) SQL Server
3 2,861 (24.32%) Finance
4 2,852 (24.24%) C#
5 2,604 (22.14%) .NET
6 2,353 (20.00%) Java
7 2,263 (19.24%) Microsoft
8 2,247 (19.10%) Oracle
9 1,953 (16.60%) JavaScript
10 1,669 (14.19%) Business Intelligence
11 1,505 (12.79%) Python
12 1,465 (12.45%) Windows
13 1,428 (12.14%) Linux
14 1,369 (11.64%) HTML
15 1,318 (11.20%) Microsoft Azure
16 1,297 (11.03%) TDD
17 1,294 (11.00%) ETL
18 1,272 (10.81%) Data Warehouse
19 1,241 (10.55%) SQL Server Integration Services
19 1,241 (10.55%) Analytical Skills
20 1,213 (10.31%) T-SQL
21 1,205 (10.24%) Banking
22 1,199 (10.19%) Analytics
23 1,136 (9.66%) Problem-Solving
24 1,126 (9.57%) Unix
25 1,068 (9.08%) XML
26 1,058 (8.99%) CSS
26 1,058 (8.99%) Scrum
27 1,047 (8.90%) MVC
28 1,038 (8.82%) Test Automation

SQL
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 531 (4.51%) Apache Spark
2 337 (2.86%) SharePoint
3 305 (2.59%) Apache
4 297 (2.52%) SAS
5 293 (2.49%) IIS
6 282 (2.40%) Confluence
7 257 (2.18%) Elasticsearch
8 199 (1.69%) WebSphere
9 194 (1.65%) Tomcat
10 148 (1.26%) CMS
11 143 (1.22%) WebLogic
12 125 (1.06%) MS Exchange
13 110 (0.94%) JBoss
14 106 (0.90%) Oracle SOA Suite
15 88 (0.75%) Oracle Workflow
16 73 (0.62%) NServiceBus
17 69 (0.59%) BizTalk Server
18 65 (0.55%) Apache Solr
19 64 (0.54%) Apache Pig
20 62 (0.53%) nginx
Applications
1 806 (6.85%) Microsoft Excel
2 277 (2.35%) Microsoft Office
3 132 (1.12%) MS Visio
4 109 (0.93%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 50 (0.43%) Spreadsheet
6 46 (0.39%) Microsoft Project
7 42 (0.36%) SPSS
8 25 (0.21%) Photoshop
9 17 (0.14%) Stata
10 6 (0.051%) AutoCAD
10 6 (0.051%) Chatbot
11 5 (0.043%) Autodesk Inventor
11 5 (0.043%) Windchill
12 4 (0.034%) InfoPath
13 3 (0.026%) Acrobat
13 3 (0.026%) Adobe Creative Suite
13 3 (0.026%) Adobe Illustrator
13 3 (0.026%) HipChat
13 3 (0.026%) InDesign
13 3 (0.026%) Mozilla Thunderbird
Business Applications
1 137 (1.16%) Dynamics CRM
2 92 (0.78%) Oracle EBS
3 76 (0.65%) Markit EDM
4 71 (0.60%) Dynamics AX
5 63 (0.54%) Oracle EBS R12
6 47 (0.40%) Oracle Receivables
7 43 (0.37%) Oracle Payables
8 38 (0.32%) Oracle Financials
9 35 (0.30%) Oracle General Ledger
10 33 (0.28%) Oracle BPM
10 33 (0.28%) thinkFolio
11 29 (0.25%) Unit4 Business World
12 26 (0.22%) Elite 3E
13 25 (0.21%) Cognos Business Intelligence
13 25 (0.21%) Oracle Applications
14 23 (0.20%) NetSuite
15 21 (0.18%) Maximo
15 21 (0.18%) SAP Oil and Gas
16 19 (0.16%) Dynamics NAV
16 19 (0.16%) Oracle ERP
Cloud Services
1 1,318 (11.20%) Microsoft Azure
2 966 (8.21%) Amazon AWS
3 198 (1.68%) Office 365
4 179 (1.52%) PaaS
5 164 (1.39%) Google Cloud Platform
6 158 (1.34%) GitHub
7 155 (1.32%) Cloud Computing
8 134 (1.14%) SaaS
9 112 (0.95%) Amazon S3
10 111 (0.94%) IaaS
11 110 (0.94%) Google Analytics
12 101 (0.86%) Amazon EC2
13 97 (0.82%) Azure Data Factory
14 96 (0.82%) Serverless
15 74 (0.63%) Slack
16 69 (0.59%) Dynamics 365
17 44 (0.37%) npm
18 41 (0.35%) Azure Active Directory
19 40 (0.34%) Amazon EMR
20 38 (0.32%) Adobe Analytics
Communications & Networking
1 232 (1.97%) Firewall
2 214 (1.82%) HTTP
3 175 (1.49%) DNS
4 171 (1.45%) Internet
5 140 (1.19%) TCP/IP
6 133 (1.13%) SAN
7 122 (1.04%) SMS
8 94 (0.80%) LAN
8 94 (0.80%) VPN
9 90 (0.77%) DHCP
10 84 (0.71%) FTP
11 79 (0.67%) WAN
12 73 (0.62%) SSL
13 51 (0.43%) Intranet
14 43 (0.37%) Skype
15 42 (0.36%) NAS
15 42 (0.36%) VLAN
16 37 (0.31%) Network Security
17 36 (0.31%) Kerberos
18 31 (0.26%) SSH
Database & Business Intelligence
1 3,342 (28.41%) SQL Server
2 1,272 (10.81%) Data Warehouse
3 1,241 (10.55%) SQL Server Integration Services
4 1,000 (8.50%) SQL Server Reporting Services
5 946 (8.04%) Relational Database
6 929 (7.90%) NoSQL
7 778 (6.61%) Big Data
8 677 (5.75%) MySQL
9 641 (5.45%) PostgreSQL
10 640 (5.44%) Power BI
11 625 (5.31%) Hadoop
12 541 (4.60%) Oracle Database
13 524 (4.45%) SQL Server Analysis Services
14 489 (4.16%) MongoDB
15 357 (3.03%) SQL Server 2012
16 325 (2.76%) Apache Hive
17 319 (2.71%) SQL Server 2008
18 272 (2.31%) SQL Server 2016
19 249 (2.12%) RDBMS
20 245 (2.08%) BusinessObjects
Development Applications
1 1,013 (8.61%) Git (software)
2 766 (6.51%) JIRA
3 655 (5.57%) Jenkins
4 557 (4.73%) Visual Studio
5 485 (4.12%) Team Foundation Server
6 482 (4.10%) Selenium
7 297 (2.52%) Cucumber
8 273 (2.32%) Maven
9 269 (2.29%) TeamCity
10 256 (2.18%) JUnit
11 254 (2.16%) Subversion
12 199 (1.69%) Visual Studio Team System
13 182 (1.55%) SpecFlow
14 181 (1.54%) NUnit
15 140 (1.19%) WebDriver
16 127 (1.08%) SoapUI
17 116 (0.99%) Eclipse
18 115 (0.98%) Octopus Deploy
19 110 (0.94%) Gradle
20 90 (0.77%) Bitbucket
General
1 2,861 (24.32%) Finance
2 1,205 (10.24%) Banking
3 494 (4.20%) Front Office
4 395 (3.36%) Retail
5 380 (3.23%) Investment Banking
6 296 (2.52%) Marketing
7 198 (1.68%) Telecoms
8 176 (1.50%) Legal
9 163 (1.39%) Back Office
10 137 (1.16%) Manufacturing
11 136 (1.16%) Law
12 128 (1.09%) Financial Institution
13 111 (0.94%) Advertising
14 107 (0.91%) Games
15 65 (0.55%) Publishing
16 58 (0.49%) Retail Banking
17 45 (0.38%) Billing
18 39 (0.33%) Automotive
19 38 (0.32%) General Ledger
20 33 (0.28%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 5,515 (46.88%) Developer
2 2,066 (17.56%) Analyst
3 1,170 (9.95%) C# Developer
4 1,088 (9.25%) SQL Developer
5 1,071 (9.10%) .NET Developer
6 848 (7.21%) Java Developer
7 589 (5.01%) C# .NET Developer
8 551 (4.68%) Data Analyst
9 536 (4.56%) Consultant
10 527 (4.48%) Senior Developer
11 457 (3.88%) Architect
12 415 (3.53%) Data Engineer
13 410 (3.49%) Business Intelligence Developer
14 384 (3.26%) SQL Analyst
15 377 (3.20%) DBA
16 372 (3.16%) Business Analyst
17 335 (2.85%) Full Stack Developer
17 335 (2.85%) Test Analyst
18 262 (2.23%) ASP.NET Developer
19 260 (2.21%) Python Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 2,604 (22.14%) .NET
2 1,369 (11.64%) HTML
3 1,068 (9.08%) XML
4 1,058 (8.99%) CSS
5 969 (8.24%) AngularJS
6 966 (8.21%) Web Services
7 949 (8.07%) ASP.NET
8 722 (6.14%) REST
9 626 (5.32%) Spring
10 556 (4.73%) jQuery
11 480 (4.08%) Node.js
12 479 (4.07%) .NET Framework
13 478 (4.06%) ASP.NET Web API
14 457 (3.88%) JSON
15 455 (3.87%) ASP.NET MVC
16 451 (3.83%) RESTful
17 415 (3.53%) SOAP
18 413 (3.51%) WCF
19 408 (3.47%) HTML5
20 396 (3.37%) React
Miscellaneous
1 1,241 (10.55%) Analytical Skills
2 453 (3.85%) Greenfield Project
3 421 (3.58%) Computer Science
4 281 (2.39%) Algorithms
5 277 (2.35%) User Experience
6 258 (2.19%) Derivative
7 255 (2.17%) Fixed Income
8 239 (2.03%) Data Structures
9 234 (1.99%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
10 226 (1.92%) Management Information System
11 225 (1.91%) Self-Motivation
12 214 (1.82%) Enterprise Software
13 187 (1.59%) Fintech
14 164 (1.39%) Replication
15 140 (1.19%) Mobile App
16 124 (1.05%) Hedge funds
17 119 (1.01%) Clustering
18 117 (0.99%) Equities
19 116 (0.99%) Data Centre
20 101 (0.86%) Client/Server
Operating Systems
1 1,465 (12.45%) Windows
2 1,428 (12.14%) Linux
3 1,126 (9.57%) Unix
4 536 (4.56%) Windows Server
5 210 (1.79%) Windows Server 2012
6 199 (1.69%) Windows Server 2008
7 161 (1.37%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 134 (1.14%) Android
9 113 (0.96%) Apple iOS
10 108 (0.92%) Windows 10
11 94 (0.80%) Solaris
12 81 (0.69%) Windows Server 2003
13 76 (0.65%) Windows 7
14 70 (0.60%) CentOS
15 60 (0.51%) AIX
15 60 (0.51%) Ubuntu
16 45 (0.38%) VMS
17 33 (0.28%) Mac OS X
18 20 (0.17%) Debian
18 20 (0.17%) HPUX
Processes & Methodologies
1 3,523 (29.95%) Agile Software Development
2 1,669 (14.19%) Business Intelligence
3 1,297 (11.03%) TDD
4 1,294 (11.00%) ETL
5 1,199 (10.19%) Analytics
6 1,136 (9.66%) Problem-Solving
7 1,058 (8.99%) Scrum
8 1,047 (8.90%) MVC
9 1,038 (8.82%) Test Automation
10 866 (7.36%) Data Modelling
11 863 (7.34%) Migration
12 819 (6.96%) DevOps
13 792 (6.73%) Continuous Integration
14 701 (5.96%) BDD
15 639 (5.43%) Software Engineering
16 636 (5.41%) SDLC
17 624 (5.30%) Data Analysis
18 594 (5.05%) OO
19 586 (4.98%) Microservices
20 505 (4.29%) E-Commerce
Programming Languages
1 2,852 (24.24%) C#
2 2,353 (20.00%) Java
3 1,953 (16.60%) JavaScript
4 1,505 (12.79%) Python
5 1,213 (10.31%) T-SQL
6 984 (8.36%) PL/SQL
7 568 (4.83%) PowerShell
8 433 (3.68%) C++
9 397 (3.37%) Scala
10 387 (3.29%) VBA
11 375 (3.19%) R
12 356 (3.03%) Shell Script
13 320 (2.72%) VB.NET
14 300 (2.55%) Java 8
15 260 (2.21%) Bash Shell
16 236 (2.01%) PHP
17 235 (2.00%) Perl
18 233 (1.98%) Ruby
19 230 (1.96%) VB
20 225 (1.91%) C
Qualifications
1 743 (6.32%) Security Cleared
2 736 (6.26%) Degree
3 522 (4.44%) SC Cleared
4 160 (1.36%) Computer Science Degree
5 145 (1.23%) DV Cleared
6 135 (1.15%) ISTQB
7 126 (1.07%) Microsoft Certification
8 100 (0.85%) ISEB
9 69 (0.59%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
10 60 (0.51%) BPSS Clearance
10 60 (0.51%) Master's Degree
11 59 (0.50%) MCSE
12 47 (0.40%) Numerate Degree
13 40 (0.34%) Cisco Certification
14 38 (0.32%) MCSA
15 37 (0.31%) ITIL Certification
16 35 (0.30%) PhD
17 27 (0.23%) CCNA
18 25 (0.21%) DBS Check
19 24 (0.20%) Oracle Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 529 (4.50%) QA
2 372 (3.16%) Data Quality
3 163 (1.39%) GDPR
4 103 (0.88%) SLA
5 66 (0.56%) GCP
6 61 (0.52%) PMO
7 53 (0.45%) MiFID
8 29 (0.25%) IFRS
9 23 (0.20%) IFRS 9
10 22 (0.19%) EMIR
11 21 (0.18%) Disclosure Scotland
12 20 (0.17%) Dodd-Frank
13 19 (0.16%) Sarbanes-Oxley
14 14 (0.12%) Solvency II
15 13 (0.11%) HMG Security Policy Framework
16 12 (0.10%) HL7
16 12 (0.10%) ISO/IEC 27001
17 10 (0.085%) PCI DSS
18 8 (0.068%) SEPA
19 6 (0.051%) WCAG
System Software
1 501 (4.26%) Active Directory
2 424 (3.60%) Docker
3 262 (2.23%) VMware Infrastructure
4 191 (1.62%) Hyper-V
5 110 (0.94%) HDFS
6 89 (0.76%) VMware ESXi
7 74 (0.63%) Virtual Machines
8 68 (0.58%) Apache Flume
9 62 (0.53%) XenApp
10 54 (0.46%) vSphere
11 48 (0.41%) Oracle RAC
12 36 (0.31%) Microsoft App-V
13 29 (0.25%) XenDesktop
14 21 (0.18%) Xen
15 18 (0.15%) Apache ZooKeeper
16 14 (0.12%) Virtual Desktop
16 14 (0.12%) Virtual Servers
17 13 (0.11%) BitLocker
17 13 (0.11%) VirtualBox
17 13 (0.11%) XenServer
Systems Management
1 229 (1.95%) Puppet
2 210 (1.79%) Ansible
3 170 (1.45%) Opscode Chef
4 168 (1.43%) SCCM
5 138 (1.17%) Kubernetes
6 131 (1.11%) Terraform
7 106 (0.90%) Oozie
8 100 (0.85%) SCOM
9 67 (0.57%) Kibana
10 61 (0.52%) Grafana
11 60 (0.51%) HP ALM
12 57 (0.48%) HP Quality Center
13 54 (0.46%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
14 51 (0.43%) Hadoop YARN
14 51 (0.43%) Single Sign-On
15 44 (0.37%) WSUS
16 43 (0.37%) Data Guard
16 43 (0.37%) Microsoft Clustering
17 39 (0.33%) Control-M
17 39 (0.33%) logstash
Vendors
1 2,263 (19.24%) Microsoft
2 2,247 (19.10%) Oracle
3 499 (4.24%) Tableau
4 417 (3.54%) VMware
5 357 (3.03%) SAP
6 313 (2.66%) IBM
7 295 (2.51%) Google
8 243 (2.07%) Citrix
9 224 (1.90%) HP
10 184 (1.56%) Informatica
10 184 (1.56%) Salesforce.com
11 180 (1.53%) Cisco
11 180 (1.53%) Red Hat
12 149 (1.27%) Cognos
13 126 (1.07%) Teradata
14 115 (0.98%) Splunk
15 104 (0.88%) Talend
16 103 (0.88%) Cloudera
17 102 (0.87%) TIBCO
18 100 (0.85%) Sybase