Period
to 7 August 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for SQL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited SQL over the 6 months to 7 August 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

SQL (Structured Query Language)
UK > England
6 months to
7 Aug 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 7 4 6
Rank change year-on-year -3 +2 0
Contract jobs citing SQL 3,992 10,765 12,390
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 12.78% 12.95% 13.21%
As % of the Programming Languages category 30.66% 30.32% 29.76%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,884 7,770 8,772
Median daily rate £475 £450 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% - +5.88%
10th Percentile £313 £308 £300
90th Percentile £675 £638 £625
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £438
% change year-on-year +5.56% +2.86% +2.94%
Number of hourly rates quoted 88 128 188
Median hourly rate £35.00 £35.00 £25.75
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - +35.91% -26.42%
10th Percentile £12.63 £16.06 £12.38
90th Percentile £54.78 £57.20 £52.38
UK median hourly rate £35.00 £35.00 £24.50
% change year-on-year - +42.86% -34.25%

SQL is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 13,020 35,509 41,637
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 41.67% 42.73% 44.40%
Number of daily rates quoted 8,746 24,821 29,450
Median daily rate £500 £480 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +4.17% +1.05% +5.56%
10th Percentile £325 £325 £313
90th Percentile £688 £650 £638
UK median daily rate £495 £475 £463
% change year-on-year +4.21% +2.70% +2.78%
Number of hourly rates quoted 325 621 698
Median hourly rate £37.00 £45.00 £41.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -17.78% +8.43% +1.22%
10th Percentile £17.75 £20.89 £17.50
90th Percentile £57.50 £55.00 £52.50
Median hourly rate £35.25 £44.00 £40.63
% change year-on-year -19.89% +8.31% +0.31%

SQL
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing SQL as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for SQL in England

SQL
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing SQL in England.

Daily rate trend for SQL in England

SQL
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing SQL in England over the 6 months to 7 August 2020.

Daily rate histogram for SQL in England

SQL
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing SQL in England.

Hourly rate trend for SQL in England

SQL
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing SQL in England over the 6 months to 7 August 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for SQL in England

SQL
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing SQL within the England region over the 6 months to 7 August 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -1 2,226 £508 +1.50% 405
South East +1 617 £475 +11.76% 240
North of England -9 399 £375 -3.15% 343
Midlands -1 312 £425 +6.25% 229
West Midlands +3 235 £432 +4.73% 120
North West -8 226 £355 -8.39% 205
South West -11 207 £450 +9.09% 138
East of England -1 180 £425 - 115
Yorkshire -10 134 £400 - 113
East Midlands -4 76 £400 +3.23% 109
North East -7 40 £440 +23.08% 25
South Coast - 1 - -
SQL
UK

For the 6 months to 7 August 2020, IT contractor jobs citing SQL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for SQL.

1 1,240 (31.06%) Agile Software Development
2 1,042 (26.10%) SQL Server
3 1,012 (25.35%) Azure
4 964 (24.15%) Java
5 911 (22.82%) Finance
6 909 (22.77%) Oracle
7 873 (21.87%) Python
8 796 (19.94%) Microsoft
9 765 (19.16%) C#
10 740 (18.54%) Business Intelligence
11 729 (18.26%) .NET
12 703 (17.61%) DevOps
13 611 (15.31%) JavaScript
14 581 (14.55%) Windows
15 578 (14.48%) AWS
16 543 (13.60%) Analytics
17 539 (13.50%) Security Cleared
18 537 (13.45%) Data Warehouse
19 477 (11.95%) ETL
20 468 (11.72%) Migration
21 450 (11.27%) Power Platform
22 443 (11.10%) Banking
23 441 (11.05%) Power BI
24 439 (11.00%) SC Cleared
25 431 (10.80%) Linux
26 413 (10.35%) T-SQL
27 411 (10.30%) Git (software)
28 398 (9.97%) Test Automation
29 396 (9.92%) SQL Server Integration Services
30 394 (9.87%) Data Modelling

SQL
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 185 (4.63%) Apache Spark
2 159 (3.98%) Confluence
3 156 (3.91%) SharePoint
4 145 (3.63%) WebLogic
5 130 (3.26%) Apache
6 84 (2.10%) IIS
7 79 (1.98%) SAS
8 78 (1.95%) Tomcat
9 57 (1.43%) WebSphere
10 52 (1.30%) Oracle SOA Suite
11 50 (1.25%) Elasticsearch
12 31 (0.78%) CMS
13 29 (0.73%) Oracle Workflow
14 28 (0.70%) MS Exchange
15 27 (0.68%) JBoss
16 23 (0.58%) Apache Airflow
17 21 (0.53%) Mule
17 21 (0.53%) NServiceBus
18 20 (0.50%) BizTalk Server
19 15 (0.38%) MQSeries
Applications
1 289 (7.24%) Microsoft Excel
2 89 (2.23%) Microsoft Office
3 29 (0.73%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 14 (0.35%) Microsoft Project
4 14 (0.35%) MS Visio
4 14 (0.35%) Spreadsheet
5 12 (0.30%) Photoshop
6 11 (0.28%) Chatbot
7 7 (0.18%) Acrobat
8 6 (0.15%) RoboHelp
9 5 (0.13%) InfoPath
10 3 (0.075%) SPSS
11 2 (0.050%) Stata
12 1 (0.025%) Camtasia
12 1 (0.025%) Sketch
12 1 (0.025%) SOLIDWORKS
Business Applications
1 52 (1.30%) Dynamics CRM
2 46 (1.15%) Oracle EBS
3 45 (1.13%) Oracle Payables
4 30 (0.75%) Oracle Receivables
5 29 (0.73%) Maximo
6 25 (0.63%) Oracle Cash Management
7 24 (0.60%) Oracle ERP
8 20 (0.50%) Markit EDM
9 16 (0.40%) Salesforce.com CRM
10 15 (0.38%) Oracle Applications
11 13 (0.33%) Oracle EBS R12
12 11 (0.28%) Unit4 Business World
13 10 (0.25%) Eagle PACE
14 9 (0.23%) Adobe Campaign
14 9 (0.23%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
14 9 (0.23%) PolarLake
14 9 (0.23%) thinkFolio
15 8 (0.20%) Oracle Financials
15 8 (0.20%) Oracle General Ledger
15 8 (0.20%) SAP FI-CA
Cloud Services
1 1,012 (25.35%) Azure
2 578 (14.48%) AWS
3 450 (11.27%) Power Platform
4 207 (5.19%) GCP
5 169 (4.23%) Serverless
6 124 (3.11%) PaaS
7 121 (3.03%) Azure Data Factory
8 120 (3.01%) AWS Lambda
9 99 (2.48%) SaaS
10 91 (2.28%) Office 365
11 79 (1.98%) IaaS
12 74 (1.85%) GitHub
13 71 (1.78%) Amazon S3
14 60 (1.50%) Amazon EC2
15 55 (1.38%) Apigee
16 54 (1.35%) Dynamics 365
17 50 (1.25%) Amazon ECS
17 50 (1.25%) Azure Functions
18 49 (1.23%) OpenShift
19 46 (1.15%) Azure Active Directory
Communications & Networking
1 86 (2.15%) DNS
2 64 (1.60%) Firewall
3 58 (1.45%) SSL
4 54 (1.35%) DHCP
5 42 (1.05%) HTTP
6 38 (0.95%) TCP/IP
7 33 (0.83%) HTTPS
7 33 (0.83%) WAN
8 30 (0.75%) SAN
9 28 (0.70%) Skype
10 21 (0.53%) VPN
11 18 (0.45%) LAN
12 17 (0.43%) Kerberos
13 15 (0.38%) MPLS
13 15 (0.38%) Network Security
13 15 (0.38%) VoIP
14 14 (0.35%) FTP
14 14 (0.35%) Internet
15 12 (0.30%) SSH
15 12 (0.30%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,042 (26.10%) SQL Server
2 537 (13.45%) Data Warehouse
3 441 (11.05%) Power BI
4 396 (9.92%) SQL Server Integration Services
5 284 (7.11%) NoSQL
5 284 (7.11%) SQL Server Reporting Services
6 275 (6.89%) Relational Database
7 273 (6.84%) Big Data
8 227 (5.69%) MySQL
9 212 (5.31%) PostgreSQL
10 209 (5.24%) Oracle Database
11 194 (4.86%) Azure SQL Database
12 173 (4.33%) Data Lake
13 166 (4.16%) Hadoop
14 161 (4.03%) MongoDB
15 150 (3.76%) SQL Server Analysis Services
16 124 (3.11%) Amazon Redshift
17 76 (1.90%) Cosmos DB
18 74 (1.85%) RDBMS
19 70 (1.75%) Azure SQL Data Warehouse
Development Applications
1 411 (10.30%) Git (software)
2 317 (7.94%) Jenkins
3 310 (7.77%) JIRA
4 150 (3.76%) Selenium
5 142 (3.56%) Visual Studio
6 131 (3.28%) GitLab
7 129 (3.23%) Team Foundation Server
8 128 (3.21%) Cucumber
9 118 (2.96%) Maven
10 102 (2.56%) Subversion
11 101 (2.53%) JUnit
12 97 (2.43%) Artifactory
13 78 (1.95%) TeamCity
14 71 (1.78%) Bitbucket
15 61 (1.53%) SoapUI
16 53 (1.33%) SQL Server Management Studio (SSMS)
17 52 (1.30%) Toad
18 51 (1.28%) Postman
19 49 (1.23%) Eclipse
20 48 (1.20%) Octopus Deploy
General
1 911 (22.82%) Finance
2 443 (11.10%) Banking
3 258 (6.46%) Public Sector
4 250 (6.26%) Front Office
5 191 (4.78%) Investment Banking
6 91 (2.28%) Marketing
7 88 (2.20%) Back Office
8 80 (2.00%) Retail
9 57 (1.43%) Legal
10 51 (1.28%) Law
10 51 (1.28%) Telecoms
11 47 (1.18%) General Ledger
12 44 (1.10%) Manufacturing
13 35 (0.88%) Financial Institution
14 31 (0.78%) Local Government
15 30 (0.75%) Pharmaceutical
16 26 (0.65%) Electronics
17 21 (0.53%) Games
18 20 (0.50%) Police
19 16 (0.40%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 1,684 (42.18%) Developer
2 521 (13.05%) Analyst
3 320 (8.02%) SQL Developer
4 283 (7.09%) Java Developer
5 255 (6.39%) Architect
6 237 (5.94%) Data Engineer
7 231 (5.79%) .NET Developer
8 229 (5.74%) C# Developer
9 182 (4.56%) Consultant
10 153 (3.83%) Business Intelligence Developer
11 144 (3.61%) DBA
12 142 (3.56%) Data Analyst
13 140 (3.51%) Software Engineer
14 135 (3.38%) Senior Developer
15 127 (3.18%) Python Developer
16 108 (2.71%) Azure Engineer
17 105 (2.63%) Business Analyst
18 103 (2.58%) DevOps Engineer
19 96 (2.40%) C# .NET Developer
20 93 (2.33%) Administrator
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 729 (18.26%) .NET
2 376 (9.42%) Web Services
3 353 (8.84%) HTML
4 304 (7.62%) XML
5 277 (6.94%) AngularJS
6 245 (6.14%) CSS
7 232 (5.81%) Spring
8 220 (5.51%) REST
9 217 (5.44%) ASP.NET
10 196 (4.91%) React
11 186 (4.66%) .NET Framework
12 177 (4.43%) Node.js
13 173 (4.33%) SOAP
14 152 (3.81%) RESTful
15 151 (3.78%) JSON
16 127 (3.18%) jQuery
17 119 (2.98%) Kafka
18 111 (2.78%) .NET Core
19 107 (2.68%) Middleware
20 104 (2.61%) Entity Framework
Miscellaneous
1 374 (9.37%) Analytical Skills
2 186 (4.66%) Fixed Income
3 141 (3.53%) Derivative
4 136 (3.41%) Greenfield Project
5 134 (3.36%) Hedge funds
6 115 (2.88%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
7 87 (2.18%) Data Structures
8 83 (2.08%) Management Information System
9 78 (1.95%) User Experience
10 75 (1.88%) Equities
11 73 (1.83%) Self-Motivation
12 62 (1.55%) Data Centre
13 59 (1.48%) Linux Command Line
14 58 (1.45%) Algorithms
14 58 (1.45%) NHS
15 53 (1.33%) Credit Risk
16 51 (1.28%) Public Cloud
17 49 (1.23%) Cloud Native
18 43 (1.08%) Reference Data
18 43 (1.08%) Replication
Operating Systems
1 581 (14.55%) Windows
2 431 (10.80%) Linux
3 347 (8.69%) Unix
4 209 (5.24%) Windows Server
5 60 (1.50%) Windows Server 2016
6 57 (1.43%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 53 (1.33%) Windows Server 2008
7 53 (1.33%) Windows Server 2012
8 38 (0.95%) Windows 10
9 31 (0.78%) Ubuntu
9 31 (0.78%) VMS
10 27 (0.68%) Apple iOS
11 25 (0.63%) Windows Server 2019
12 22 (0.55%) Android
13 21 (0.53%) AIX
14 19 (0.48%) Solaris
14 19 (0.48%) Windows Server 2003
15 17 (0.43%) Mac OS X
16 14 (0.35%) Debian
16 14 (0.35%) Windows XP
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,240 (31.06%) Agile Software Development
2 740 (18.54%) Business Intelligence
3 703 (17.61%) DevOps
4 543 (13.60%) Analytics
5 477 (11.95%) ETL
6 468 (11.72%) Migration
7 398 (9.97%) Test Automation
8 394 (9.87%) Data Modelling
9 381 (9.54%) Scrum
10 367 (9.19%) Problem-Solving
11 366 (9.17%) Microservices
12 297 (7.44%) Software Engineering
13 291 (7.29%) TDD
14 265 (6.64%) SDLC
15 253 (6.34%) Continuous Integration
16 230 (5.76%) Visualisation
17 220 (5.51%) Data Analysis
18 213 (5.34%) Asset Management
19 200 (5.01%) Unit Testing
20 194 (4.86%) Data Migration
Programming Languages
1 964 (24.15%) Java
2 873 (21.87%) Python
3 765 (19.16%) C#
4 611 (15.31%) JavaScript
5 413 (10.35%) T-SQL
6 391 (9.79%) PL/SQL
7 310 (7.77%) PowerShell
8 181 (4.53%) Shell Script
9 164 (4.11%) R
10 146 (3.66%) VBA
11 128 (3.21%) C++
12 116 (2.91%) Scala
13 108 (2.71%) VB
14 103 (2.58%) Bash Shell
15 97 (2.43%) TypeScript
16 90 (2.25%) Perl
17 85 (2.13%) Java 8
18 73 (1.83%) Ruby
19 64 (1.60%) PHP
20 59 (1.48%) VB.NET
Qualifications
1 539 (13.50%) Security Cleared
2 439 (11.00%) SC Cleared
3 236 (5.91%) Degree
4 104 (2.61%) DV Cleared
5 69 (1.73%) Computer Science Degree
6 60 (1.50%) ISTQB
7 57 (1.43%) ISEB
8 36 (0.90%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
9 31 (0.78%) Microsoft Certification
10 24 (0.60%) BPSS Clearance
11 22 (0.55%) Master's Degree
12 19 (0.48%) Sun Certification
13 15 (0.38%) ITIL Certification
14 12 (0.30%) Numerate Degree
14 12 (0.30%) PhD
15 10 (0.25%) Cisco Certification
15 10 (0.25%) ISEB Practitioner
16 9 (0.23%) CCNA
17 8 (0.20%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
17 8 (0.20%) MCSE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 167 (4.18%) QA
2 119 (2.98%) Data Quality
3 51 (1.28%) GDPR
4 42 (1.05%) SLA
5 18 (0.45%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 14 (0.35%) MiFID
6 14 (0.35%) Solvency II
7 12 (0.30%) Cyber Essentials
7 12 (0.30%) HIPAA
7 12 (0.30%) PCI DSS
7 12 (0.30%) PMO
8 10 (0.25%) IFRS
8 10 (0.25%) WCAG
9 6 (0.15%) HL7
10 5 (0.13%) GxP
10 5 (0.13%) ISO/IEC 20000
11 4 (0.10%) Basel III
11 4 (0.10%) DICOM
12 3 (0.075%) COBIT
12 3 (0.075%) ISO 9001
System Software
1 350 (8.77%) Docker
2 211 (5.29%) Active Directory
3 64 (1.60%) VMware Infrastructure
4 42 (1.05%) Hyper-V
4 42 (1.05%) Virtual Machines
5 27 (0.68%) Oracle RAC
6 26 (0.65%) XenApp
7 20 (0.50%) HDFS
8 18 (0.45%) vSphere
9 15 (0.38%) VMware ESXi
10 13 (0.33%) Microsoft App-V
11 8 (0.20%) Citrix Hypervisor
11 8 (0.20%) RACF
11 8 (0.20%) Virtual Servers
12 6 (0.15%) Oracle Clusterware
12 6 (0.15%) XenDesktop
13 4 (0.10%) NFS
13 4 (0.10%) VMware Workstation
14 3 (0.075%) Samba
14 3 (0.075%) Terminal Services
Systems Management
1 323 (8.09%) Kubernetes
2 102 (2.56%) Ansible
3 99 (2.48%) Terraform
4 57 (1.43%) SCCM
5 43 (1.08%) Puppet
6 38 (0.95%) Prometheus
7 34 (0.85%) Kibana
8 32 (0.80%) Opscode Chef
9 31 (0.78%) SCOM
10 29 (0.73%) Data Guard
11 23 (0.58%) Grafana
11 23 (0.58%) Nagios
12 20 (0.50%) Zipkin
13 19 (0.48%) logstash
14 18 (0.45%) Oracle RMAN
15 17 (0.43%) HP Quality Center
16 16 (0.40%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
17 15 (0.38%) Control-M
17 15 (0.38%) Microsoft Intune
18 13 (0.33%) Microsoft Clustering
Vendors
1 909 (22.77%) Oracle
2 796 (19.94%) Microsoft
3 195 (4.88%) Tableau
4 154 (3.86%) Google
5 153 (3.83%) SAP
6 113 (2.83%) Databricks
7 101 (2.53%) VMware
8 80 (2.00%) IBM
9 79 (1.98%) Informatica
10 68 (1.70%) Sybase
11 67 (1.68%) Splunk
12 66 (1.65%) Red Hat
13 53 (1.33%) Salesforce.com
14 52 (1.30%) Cloudera
15 51 (1.28%) Bloomberg
15 51 (1.28%) HP
16 45 (1.13%) Atlassian
17 44 (1.10%) webMethods
18 43 (1.08%) Citrix
19 35 (0.88%) Cognos