The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for SQL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited SQL over the 3 months to 29 March 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

SQL (Structured Query Language)
UK / England
3 months to
29 Mar 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 5 5 5
Rank change year-on-year 0 0  
Contract jobs citing SQL 5438 6770 7044
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 13.03% 13.63% 14.51%
As % of the Programming Languages category 31.59% 35.47% 38.59%
Number of daily rates quoted 3746 4751 4660
Median daily rate £404 £400 £388
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +1.00% +3.22%  
90% offered a daily rate of more than £285 £275 £275
10% offered a daily rate of more than £575 £550 £550
UK excluding London median daily rate £363 £365 £350
% change year-on-year -0.68% +4.28%  
Number of hourly rates quoted 105 87 130
Median hourly rate £40.00 £26.83 £25.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +49.08% +7.32%  
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £15.50 £14.50 £15.75
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £50.00 £50.00 £45.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £40.00 £24.50 £30.00
% change year-on-year +63.26% -18.33%  

SQL is in the programming language skills category. The next table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for programming language skills.

Contract Programming Language Skills
England
Contract job vacancies with a requirement for programming language skills 17212 19089 18252
As % of all contract IT job vacancies advertised in England 41.24% 38.43% 37.61%
Number of daily rates quoted 11879 13208 11970
Median daily rate £450 £425 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.88% +6.25%  
90% offered a daily rate of more than £300 £300 £275
10% offered a daily rate of more than £600 £600 £575
UK excluding London median daily rate £388 £375 £350
% change year-on-year +3.33% +7.14%  
Number of hourly rates quoted 391 436 385
Median hourly rate £42.50 £40.00 £35.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +6.25% +12.67%  
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £23.00 £15.00 £20.00
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £52.50 £50.00 £45.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £41.50 £40.00 £36.00
% change year-on-year +3.75% +11.11%  

SQL
Job Vacancy Trend in England

The job posting trend of jobs advertised in England citing SQL as a proportion of all contract or permanent IT jobs with a match in the Programming Languages category.

Job vacancy trend for SQL in England

SQL
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing SQL in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for SQL in England

SQL
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing SQL in England over the 3 months to 29 March 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for SQL in England

SQL
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing SQL in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for SQL in England

SQL
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing SQL in England over the 3 months to 29 March 2017.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for SQL in England

SQL
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing SQL within the England region over the 3 months to 29 March 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 3 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Last 3 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -1 2689 £464 +3.11% 876
South East +1 959 £376 +0.33% 393
North West +1 376 £350 - 284
South West -2 321 £375 - 160
East of England -1 267 £363 +3.57% 161
Yorkshire -1 262 £358 +2.14% 207
West Midlands -2 249 £365 -6.10% 165
East Midlands +2 230 £325 -3.70% 111
North East -12 61 £350 +7.69% 36
Midlands -8 4 £350 +7.69% 3
SQL
UK

For the 6 months to 29 March 2017, IT contractor jobs citing SQL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads across the England region with a requirement for SQL.

1 3387 (30.47%) SQL Server
2 3055 (27.48%) Agile Software Development
3 2644 (23.78%) Finance
4 2567 (23.09%) Oracle
5 2352 (21.16%) Java
6 2193 (19.73%) Microsoft
7 2154 (19.38%) .NET
8 2094 (18.84%) C#
9 1935 (17.41%) JavaScript
10 1687 (15.17%) Business Intelligence
11 1546 (13.91%) Windows
12 1498 (13.47%) Linux
13 1445 (13.00%) HTML
14 1394 (12.54%) SQL Server Integration Services
15 1376 (12.38%) Unix
16 1371 (12.33%) XML
17 1354 (12.18%) T-SQL
18 1299 (11.68%) Banking
19 1212 (10.90%) Data Warehouse
19 1212 (10.90%) ETL
20 1156 (10.40%) SQL Server Reporting Services
21 1109 (9.98%) Web Services
22 1102 (9.91%) CSS
23 1071 (9.63%) Python
24 1068 (9.61%) Analytical Skills
25 1052 (9.46%) PL/SQL
26 1040 (9.36%) MVC
27 1037 (9.33%) MS Excel
28 1007 (9.06%) TDD
29 979 (8.81%) Migration

SQL
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 453 (4.07%) SharePoint
2 348 (3.13%) IIS
3 274 (2.46%) Apache
3 274 (2.46%) Apache Spark
4 267 (2.40%) SAS
5 249 (2.24%) WebSphere
6 222 (2.00%) WebLogic
7 220 (1.98%) Tomcat
8 211 (1.90%) Confluence
9 172 (1.55%) JBoss
10 165 (1.48%) Oracle SOA Suite
11 156 (1.40%) CMS
12 135 (1.21%) Elasticsearch
13 134 (1.21%) BizTalk Server
14 94 (0.85%) MS Exchange
15 91 (0.82%) Apache Pig
16 70 (0.63%) Oracle Workflow
16 70 (0.63%) Skype for Business
17 69 (0.62%) WebSphere Application Server
18 63 (0.57%) SharePoint 2013
Applications
1 1037 (9.33%) MS Excel
2 293 (2.64%) MS Office
3 117 (1.05%) MS Visio
4 110 (0.99%) MS PowerPoint
5 95 (0.85%) Spreadsheet
6 49 (0.44%) MS Project
7 45 (0.40%) SPSS
8 10 (0.090%) Stata
9 7 (0.063%) InfoPath
9 7 (0.063%) LaTeX
10 6 (0.054%) Adobe Creative Suite
10 6 (0.054%) Weka
11 4 (0.036%) GNU Octave
11 4 (0.036%) HipChat
11 4 (0.036%) Mathematica
12 3 (0.027%) Adobe Illustrator
12 3 (0.027%) Doxygen
12 3 (0.027%) Photoshop
12 3 (0.027%) S-PLUS
12 3 (0.027%) SPSS Modeler
Business Applications
1 252 (2.27%) Dynamics CRM
2 76 (0.68%) Oracle Applications
3 73 (0.66%) Oracle EBS
4 65 (0.58%) SAP Oil and Gas
5 64 (0.58%) Dynamics AX
6 55 (0.49%) Dynamics NAV
7 52 (0.47%) Oracle EBS R12
8 48 (0.43%) Adobe Campaign
9 41 (0.37%) Oracle BPM
10 38 (0.34%) Unica
11 30 (0.27%) Oracle Receivables
12 29 (0.26%) Unit4 Business World
13 27 (0.24%) Oracle 11i
14 25 (0.22%) FastStats
14 25 (0.22%) Markit EDM
15 16 (0.14%) Oracle ERP
16 15 (0.13%) Oracle Financials
16 15 (0.13%) Remedy ITSM
16 15 (0.13%) SAP Hybris
17 14 (0.13%) Salesforce.com CRM
Cloud Services
1 678 (6.10%) Microsoft Azure
2 459 (4.13%) Amazon AWS
3 162 (1.46%) GitHub
4 157 (1.41%) Office 365
5 127 (1.14%) PaaS
6 125 (1.12%) IaaS
7 111 (1.00%) SaaS
8 63 (0.57%) Google Analytics
9 60 (0.54%) Cloud Computing
10 57 (0.51%) Amazon EC2
11 38 (0.34%) Google Cloud Platform
12 37 (0.33%) Amazon S3
13 32 (0.29%) Adobe Analytics
14 31 (0.28%) Azure Active Directory
15 29 (0.26%) AWS CloudFormation
16 24 (0.22%) Virtual Private Cloud
17 23 (0.21%) Slack
18 19 (0.17%) Amazon Kinesis
19 18 (0.16%) Yammer
20 17 (0.15%) AWS Lambda
Communications & Networking
1 240 (2.16%) DNS
2 220 (1.98%) Firewall
3 213 (1.92%) HTTP
4 198 (1.78%) TCP/IP
5 162 (1.46%) Internet
6 134 (1.21%) DHCP
7 126 (1.13%) SAN
8 106 (0.95%) LDAP
9 93 (0.84%) VPN
10 89 (0.80%) WAN
11 83 (0.75%) LAN
12 79 (0.71%) Network Security
13 67 (0.60%) SSL
14 49 (0.44%) NAS
15 46 (0.41%) Kerberos
16 41 (0.37%) FTP
17 37 (0.33%) SSH
18 35 (0.31%) Skype
19 34 (0.31%) Intranet
20 33 (0.30%) SNMP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 3387 (30.47%) SQL Server
2 1394 (12.54%) SQL Server Integration Services
3 1212 (10.90%) Data Warehouse
4 1156 (10.40%) SQL Server Reporting Services
5 857 (7.71%) Relational Database
6 754 (6.78%) Oracle Database
7 686 (6.17%) SQL Server Analysis Services
8 615 (5.53%) SQL Server 2008
9 610 (5.49%) Big Data
10 602 (5.42%) NoSQL
11 590 (5.31%) SQL Server 2012
12 513 (4.61%) MySQL
13 501 (4.51%) Hadoop
14 359 (3.23%) MongoDB
15 344 (3.09%) SQL Server 2014
16 323 (2.91%) Oracle Database 11g
17 320 (2.88%) PostgreSQL
18 317 (2.85%) DB2
19 304 (2.73%) BusinessObjects
20 287 (2.58%) QlikView
Development Applications
1 908 (8.17%) Git (software)
2 652 (5.86%) JIRA
3 651 (5.86%) Jenkins
4 534 (4.80%) Team Foundation Server
5 413 (3.72%) Selenium
6 397 (3.57%) Visual Studio
7 339 (3.05%) JUnit
8 337 (3.03%) Maven
9 316 (2.84%) Subversion
10 273 (2.46%) Cucumber
11 228 (2.05%) TeamCity
12 166 (1.49%) Eclipse
13 152 (1.37%) NUnit
14 151 (1.36%) Mockito
15 141 (1.27%) Ant
16 125 (1.12%) Gradle
17 123 (1.11%) SoapUI
18 116 (1.04%) Talend Open Studio
19 112 (1.01%) Oracle Forms
20 107 (0.96%) WebDriver
General
1 2644 (23.78%) Finance
2 1299 (11.68%) Banking
3 450 (4.05%) Investment Banking
4 439 (3.95%) Retail
5 395 (3.55%) Front Office
6 392 (3.53%) Marketing
7 195 (1.75%) Advertising
8 194 (1.75%) Telecoms
9 178 (1.60%) Back Office
9 178 (1.60%) Manufacturing
10 120 (1.08%) Legal
11 115 (1.03%) Financial Institution
12 97 (0.87%) Publishing
13 80 (0.72%) Electronics
14 71 (0.64%) Games
15 69 (0.62%) Law
16 52 (0.47%) Retail Banking
17 39 (0.35%) Pharmaceutical
18 37 (0.33%) Automotive
19 35 (0.31%) Billing
Job Titles
1 5173 (46.53%) Developer
2 2102 (18.91%) Analyst
3 1246 (11.21%) SQL Developer
4 936 (8.42%) Java Developer
5 898 (8.08%) .NET Developer
6 745 (6.70%) C# Developer
7 570 (5.13%) Architect
8 530 (4.77%) Consultant
9 527 (4.74%) DBA
10 487 (4.38%) Data Analyst
11 469 (4.22%) SQL Analyst
12 458 (4.12%) C# .NET Developer
13 446 (4.01%) Senior Developer
14 397 (3.57%) Business Intelligence Developer
15 386 (3.47%) Business Analyst
16 371 (3.34%) SQL DBA
17 366 (3.29%) Oracle Developer
18 324 (2.91%) Test Analyst
19 288 (2.59%) Administrator
20 253 (2.28%) Tester
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 2154 (19.38%) .NET
2 1445 (13.00%) HTML
3 1371 (12.33%) XML
4 1109 (9.98%) Web Services
5 1102 (9.91%) CSS
6 861 (7.74%) ASP.NET
7 739 (6.65%) Spring
8 670 (6.03%) jQuery
9 662 (5.95%) AngularJS
10 659 (5.93%) REST
11 584 (5.25%) SOAP
12 561 (5.05%) JSON
13 487 (4.38%) .NET Framework
14 463 (4.16%) HTML5
15 443 (3.98%) Hibernate
16 398 (3.58%) ASP.NET MVC
17 379 (3.41%) RESTful
18 354 (3.18%) J2EE
18 354 (3.18%) WCF
19 340 (3.06%) ASP.NET Web API
Miscellaneous
1 1068 (9.61%) Analytical Skills
2 349 (3.14%) Computer Science
3 281 (2.53%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
4 269 (2.42%) Management Information System
5 228 (2.05%) Algorithms
6 212 (1.91%) Fixed Income
7 198 (1.78%) Data Structures
8 181 (1.63%) User Experience
9 180 (1.62%) Derivative
10 177 (1.59%) Data Centre
11 162 (1.46%) Clustering
12 151 (1.36%) NHS
13 149 (1.34%) Equities
13 149 (1.34%) Replication
14 131 (1.18%) Credit Risk
15 130 (1.17%) Enterprise Software
16 119 (1.07%) Fintech
17 107 (0.96%) Client/Server
18 101 (0.91%) Mobile App
19 87 (0.78%) Mainframe
Operating Systems
1 1546 (13.91%) Windows
2 1498 (13.47%) Linux
3 1376 (12.38%) Unix
4 524 (4.71%) Windows Server
5 279 (2.51%) Windows Server 2008
6 255 (2.29%) Windows Server 2012
7 177 (1.59%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 161 (1.45%) Windows Server 2003
9 152 (1.37%) Solaris
10 123 (1.11%) Windows 7
11 121 (1.09%) Android
12 110 (0.99%) AIX
13 102 (0.92%) Apple iOS
14 80 (0.72%) Windows 10
15 47 (0.42%) CentOS
16 37 (0.33%) Ubuntu
17 34 (0.31%) Windows XP
18 33 (0.30%) HPUX
19 32 (0.29%) Windows 8
20 24 (0.22%) Oracle Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 3055 (27.48%) Agile Software Development
2 1687 (15.17%) Business Intelligence
3 1212 (10.90%) ETL
4 1040 (9.36%) MVC
5 1007 (9.06%) TDD
6 979 (8.81%) Migration
7 921 (8.28%) Scrum
8 886 (7.97%) Data Modelling
9 812 (7.30%) Analytics
10 661 (5.95%) SDLC
11 658 (5.92%) Data Analysis
12 655 (5.89%) Continuous Integration
13 644 (5.79%) OO
14 604 (5.43%) DevOps
15 554 (4.98%) CRM
16 513 (4.61%) Software Engineering
17 498 (4.48%) BDD
18 490 (4.41%) Performance Tuning
19 464 (4.17%) Unit Testing
20 446 (4.01%) Data Migration
Programming Languages
1 2352 (21.16%) Java
2 2094 (18.84%) C#
3 1935 (17.41%) JavaScript
4 1354 (12.18%) T-SQL
5 1071 (9.63%) Python
6 1052 (9.46%) PL/SQL
7 547 (4.92%) PowerShell
8 460 (4.14%) Shell Script
9 451 (4.06%) Perl
10 425 (3.82%) C++
11 350 (3.15%) VBA
12 308 (2.77%) Scala
13 301 (2.71%) R
13 301 (2.71%) VB
14 269 (2.42%) VB.NET
15 252 (2.27%) Ruby
16 248 (2.23%) C
17 247 (2.22%) PHP
18 210 (1.89%) Bash Shell
19 103 (0.93%) VBScript
Qualifications
1 762 (6.85%) Degree
2 670 (6.03%) Security Cleared
3 462 (4.16%) SC Cleared
4 185 (1.66%) ISEB
5 165 (1.48%) ISTQB
6 122 (1.10%) Microsoft Certification
7 99 (0.89%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
8 94 (0.85%) DV Cleared
9 55 (0.49%) BPSS Clearance
10 52 (0.47%) MCSE
10 52 (0.47%) PhD
11 43 (0.39%) Cisco Certification
12 36 (0.32%) CCNA
12 36 (0.32%) ITIL Certification
13 34 (0.31%) Sun Certification
14 30 (0.27%) CISSP
15 28 (0.25%) CCNP
16 27 (0.24%) MCITP
17 21 (0.19%) MCP
18 20 (0.18%) MCSA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 499 (4.49%) QA
2 347 (3.12%) Data Quality
3 90 (0.81%) SLA
4 87 (0.78%) MiFID
5 62 (0.56%) Disclosure Scotland
6 44 (0.40%) PCI DSS
7 42 (0.38%) Dodd-Frank
7 42 (0.38%) EMIR
8 38 (0.34%) IFRS
9 37 (0.33%) IFRS 9
10 20 (0.18%) FATCA
11 17 (0.15%) ISO/IEC 27001
11 17 (0.15%) SDET
12 16 (0.14%) ISO 9001
12 16 (0.14%) ISO20022
13 15 (0.13%) GDPR
14 14 (0.13%) Basel III
15 13 (0.12%) HL7
15 13 (0.12%) PMO
16 12 (0.11%) Solvency II
System Software
1 508 (4.57%) Active Directory
2 260 (2.34%) VMware Infrastructure
3 235 (2.11%) Docker
4 132 (1.19%) Hyper-V
5 83 (0.75%) Oracle RAC
6 63 (0.57%) Virtual Machines
7 58 (0.52%) HDFS
8 54 (0.49%) vSphere
9 51 (0.46%) XenApp
10 47 (0.42%) VMware ESX
11 41 (0.37%) NFS
12 32 (0.29%) VMware ESXi
13 27 (0.24%) XenDesktop
14 22 (0.20%) Apache Flume
15 21 (0.19%) Virtual Desktop
16 20 (0.18%) Samba
16 20 (0.18%) Virtual Servers
17 18 (0.16%) Microsoft App-V
18 17 (0.15%) Tivoli Workload Scheduler
19 15 (0.13%) Veritas Cluster Server
Systems Management
1 256 (2.30%) Puppet
2 181 (1.63%) Opscode Chef
3 168 (1.51%) Ansible
4 158 (1.42%) SCCM
5 125 (1.12%) SCOM
6 95 (0.85%) HP Quality Center
7 82 (0.74%) Nagios
8 80 (0.72%) Control-M
9 66 (0.59%) Oracle RMAN
10 64 (0.58%) Tivoli
11 47 (0.42%) Data Guard
11 47 (0.42%) Kibana
12 45 (0.40%) HP SiteScope
13 41 (0.37%) logstash
14 30 (0.27%) Hadoop YARN
14 30 (0.27%) Oracle Identity Management
15 29 (0.26%) Failover Clustering
15 29 (0.26%) OpenView Configuration Management
16 27 (0.24%) Microsoft Intune
17 26 (0.23%) Oozie
Vendors
1 2567 (23.09%) Oracle
2 2193 (19.73%) Microsoft
3 439 (3.95%) VMware
4 371 (3.34%) Tableau
5 370 (3.33%) SAP
6 316 (2.84%) IBM
7 282 (2.54%) Sybase
8 271 (2.44%) HP
9 181 (1.63%) Informatica
9 181 (1.63%) Teradata
10 178 (1.60%) Red Hat
11 167 (1.50%) Adobe
12 149 (1.34%) Google
12 149 (1.34%) Salesforce.com
13 142 (1.28%) Citrix
14 137 (1.23%) Cisco
15 116 (1.04%) Talend
16 85 (0.76%) Cognos
17 79 (0.71%) Splunk
18 70 (0.63%) Murex
Coventry, West Midlands (County)
HAYS INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY
Posted: 20 hours ago
Kingston Upon Thames, Surrey
Harvey Nash plc
Rate: £350 - £400 per annum
Posted: 21 hours ago
Bristol, Avon
Opus Recruitment Solutions Ltd
Rate: Market Rates
Posted: Yesterday
Worthing, West Sussex
Fruition IT Resources Limited
Rate: £375 - £425 per day
Posted: 18 hours ago
London
Oliver Bernard
Rate: £400 - £500 per day + Flexible Work
Posted: 23 hours ago
London
Oliver Bernard
Rate: £550 - £650 per day
Posted: 21 hours ago
London
Computer People
Rate: £400 - £500 per day
Posted: 22 hours ago
Birmingham, West Midlands (County)
Computer People
Rate: £400 - £500 per day
Posted: 22 hours ago
Doncaster, South Yorkshire
Senitor Associates
Rate: £180 - £220 per day
Posted: Yesterday
London
Harvey Nash plc
Rate: £550 - £600 per day
Posted: 21 hours ago
Hertfordshire
X4 Group
Rate: £300 - 340 per day
Posted: 14 hours ago
Derbyshire
Opus Recruitment Solutions Ltd
Rate: £250 - £300 per day, Benefits Remote working
Posted: Yesterday
City, London
E-synergy Solutions
Rate: £450 per day
Posted: 22 hours ago
London
Capita Resourcing - IT Resourcing
Rate: £475 - £520 per day
Posted: 14 hours ago
Leeds, West Yorkshire
Hydrogen Group
Rate: £400.00 - £440.00 per day
Posted: 17 hours ago
Manchester, Lancashire
ReThink Recruitment
Posted: Yesterday
South East London
Client Server
Rate: £450 to £500 p/day
Posted: 15 hours ago
Leicester, Leicestershire
Uniting Ambition
Rate: £300 - 320 per day
Posted: Yesterday
London
Explore Recruitment Solutions
Rate: £350 - £400 per day
Posted: 15 hours ago
Bedfordshire
TEKsystems
Rate: £395 - £455 per day
Posted: 22 hours ago
Birmingham, West Midlands (County)
Resource Group
Rate: £350 - £400 per annum
Posted: 16 hours ago
London
Hydrogen Group
Posted: 15 hours ago
Cheltenham, Gloucestershire
Experis Ltd
Rate: £40 - £50 per hour
Posted: Yesterday
Coventry, West Midlands (County)
TEKsystems
Rate: £350 - £351 per day
Posted: Yesterday
London
Elevate Direct
Rate: From £500 to £600 per day
Posted: 21 hours ago
Manchester, Lancashire
Experis Ltd
Rate: £300.00 - £380.00 per day
Posted: 15 hours ago
London
Montash
Rate: £800 - £850 per day
Posted: 22 hours ago
London
Durlston Partners
Rate: Up to £1,000 per day or £120,000 + bonus
Posted: 2 days ago
Redhill, Surrey
LEXSTRA
Rate: £425 - £450 per day
Posted: 20 hours ago
Leeds, West Yorkshire
Jet2.com
Rate: Excellent
Posted: Yesterday