Period
to 22 October 2017

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for SQL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited SQL over the 6 months to 22 October 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

SQL (Structured Query Language)
UK > England
6 months to
22 Oct 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 6 5 5
Rank change year-on-year -1 0 0
Contract jobs citing SQL 11909 12992 15204
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 13.03% 13.30% 14.60%
As % of the Programming Languages category 31.01% 32.95% 37.85%
Number of daily rates quoted 8286 9005 10486
England median daily rate £430 £400 £395
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +7.44% +1.27% +5.33%
10th Percentile £288 £263 £263
90th Percentile £625 £575 £575
UK median daily rate £425 £400 £388
% change year-on-year +6.25% +3.23% +3.33%
Number of hourly rates quoted 212 253 313
England median hourly rate £27.75 £29.00 £26.09
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -4.31% +11.15% +4.36%
10th Percentile £12.75 £13.25 £12.75
90th Percentile £50.00 £50.00 £46.20
UK median hourly rate £27.16 £29.88 £26.75
% change year-on-year -9.10% +11.70% +3.88%

SQL is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 38409 39434 40174
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 42.04% 40.37% 38.59%
Number of daily rates quoted 26911 27365 27556
England median daily rate £450 £425 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.88% +6.25% -
10th Percentile £310 £285 £269
90th Percentile £638 £588 £594
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £400
% change year-on-year +5.88% +6.25% +2.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 739 834 898
England median hourly rate £40.00 £37.50 £36.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +6.67% +2.74% +15.87%
10th Percentile £16.25 £14.31 £15.40
90th Percentile £53.00 £52.50 £51.25
UK median hourly rate £40.00 £37.50 £36.50
% change year-on-year +6.67% +2.74% +14.54%

SQL
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing SQL as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for SQL in England

SQL
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing SQL in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for SQL in England

SQL
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing SQL in England over the 6 months to 22 October 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for SQL in England

SQL
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing SQL in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for SQL in England

SQL
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing SQL in England over the 6 months to 22 October 2017.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for SQL in England

SQL
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing SQL within the England region over the 6 months to 22 October 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -1 6579 £488 +8.33% 660
South East 0 1823 £400 +5.26% 333
North of England +2 1376 £375 +7.14% 379
Midlands -1 834 £370 +2.07% 210
North West 0 692 £388 +10.71% 192
South West -1 667 £375 +7.14% 117
East of England 0 598 £363 +3.57% 127
Yorkshire +1 557 £380 +4.11% 166
West Midlands -2 490 £375 +3.45% 101
East Midlands -4 331 £350 - 109
North East +2 147 £391 +18.56% 21
SQL
UK

For the 6 months to 22 October 2017, IT contractor jobs citing SQL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads across the England region with a requirement for SQL.

1 3560 (29.89%) Agile Software Development
2 3337 (28.02%) SQL Server
3 2813 (23.62%) Finance
4 2770 (23.26%) Java
5 2456 (20.62%) C#
6 2426 (20.37%) Oracle
7 2394 (20.10%) .NET
8 2110 (17.72%) Microsoft
9 1985 (16.67%) JavaScript
10 1677 (14.08%) Business Intelligence
11 1591 (13.36%) Linux
12 1531 (12.86%) Banking
13 1516 (12.73%) HTML
14 1500 (12.60%) Windows
15 1368 (11.49%) Unix
16 1313 (11.03%) T-SQL
17 1284 (10.78%) ETL
18 1281 (10.76%) Python
19 1273 (10.69%) Data Warehouse
20 1270 (10.66%) Analytical Skills
21 1213 (10.19%) MVC
22 1208 (10.14%) SQL Server Integration Services
23 1181 (9.92%) TDD
24 1164 (9.77%) Web Services
25 1116 (9.37%) XML
26 1075 (9.03%) CSS
27 1051 (8.83%) Data Modelling
28 1047 (8.79%) Git (software)
29 1027 (8.62%) Scrum
30 983 (8.25%) Migration

SQL
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 410 (3.44%) Apache Spark
2 403 (3.38%) SharePoint
3 317 (2.66%) IIS
4 288 (2.42%) Confluence
5 278 (2.33%) Apache
6 273 (2.29%) JBoss
7 267 (2.24%) SAS
7 267 (2.24%) Tomcat
8 190 (1.60%) WebLogic
9 185 (1.55%) WebSphere
10 175 (1.47%) Elasticsearch
11 167 (1.40%) CMS
12 149 (1.25%) Oracle SOA Suite
13 126 (1.06%) MS Exchange
14 86 (0.72%) Oracle Workflow
15 84 (0.71%) Apache Solr
16 69 (0.58%) BizTalk Server
17 51 (0.43%) Umbraco
18 49 (0.41%) Apache Pig
18 49 (0.41%) WildFly
Applications
1 799 (6.71%) Microsoft Excel
2 279 (2.34%) Microsoft Office
3 133 (1.12%) MS Visio
4 97 (0.81%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 43 (0.36%) Spreadsheet
6 36 (0.30%) SPSS
7 33 (0.28%) Microsoft Project
8 19 (0.16%) Stata
9 12 (0.10%) Simulink
10 7 (0.059%) SmartSuite
11 6 (0.050%) Photoshop
12 5 (0.042%) InfoPath
13 4 (0.034%) Mingle
14 3 (0.025%) Adobe Illustrator
15 2 (0.017%) Acrobat
15 2 (0.017%) Fireworks
15 2 (0.017%) RoboHelp
15 2 (0.017%) Snagit
16 1 (0.008%) EViews
16 1 (0.008%) Weka
Business Applications
1 256 (2.15%) Dynamics CRM
2 123 (1.03%) Markit EDM
3 92 (0.77%) Oracle EBS
4 86 (0.72%) Dynamics AX
5 68 (0.57%) Oracle EBS R12
6 52 (0.44%) ION MarketView
7 50 (0.42%) Oracle Receivables
8 48 (0.40%) Oracle BPM
9 38 (0.32%) Oracle Payables
10 33 (0.28%) Oracle Applications
11 31 (0.26%) Unit4 Business World
12 28 (0.24%) Oracle Financials
12 28 (0.24%) SAP Hybris
13 27 (0.23%) Magento
14 26 (0.22%) Salesforce.com CRM
15 25 (0.21%) Cognos Business Intelligence
15 25 (0.21%) Dynamics NAV
16 23 (0.19%) Oracle Cash Management
16 23 (0.19%) Oracle iProcurement
17 22 (0.18%) Oracle General Ledger
Cloud Services
1 802 (6.73%) Microsoft Azure
2 727 (6.10%) Amazon AWS
3 161 (1.35%) Office 365
4 133 (1.12%) GitHub
5 131 (1.10%) PaaS
6 104 (0.87%) SaaS
7 96 (0.81%) IaaS
8 72 (0.60%) Google Cloud Platform
9 67 (0.56%) Serverless
10 64 (0.54%) Cloud Computing
11 63 (0.53%) Amazon EC2
11 63 (0.53%) Dynamics 365
12 62 (0.52%) Amazon S3
13 52 (0.44%) AWS Lambda
14 42 (0.35%) Azure Active Directory
15 41 (0.34%) Google Analytics
16 40 (0.34%) Slack
17 38 (0.32%) OpenShift
18 37 (0.31%) Amazon EMR
19 35 (0.29%) npm
Communications & Networking
1 266 (2.23%) Firewall
2 186 (1.56%) TCP/IP
3 180 (1.51%) DNS
4 172 (1.44%) HTTP
5 168 (1.41%) Internet
6 148 (1.24%) SAN
7 142 (1.19%) LDAP
8 129 (1.08%) LAN
9 113 (0.95%) WAN
10 96 (0.81%) SSL
11 82 (0.69%) DHCP
12 67 (0.56%) SMS
13 64 (0.54%) Network Security
14 62 (0.52%) VPN
15 56 (0.47%) SSH
16 44 (0.37%) FTP
17 41 (0.34%) VoIP
18 40 (0.34%) NAS
19 39 (0.33%) Intranet
20 37 (0.31%) Skype
Database & Business Intelligence
1 3337 (28.02%) SQL Server
2 1273 (10.69%) Data Warehouse
3 1208 (10.14%) SQL Server Integration Services
4 973 (8.17%) Relational Database
5 945 (7.94%) SQL Server Reporting Services
6 854 (7.17%) NoSQL
7 634 (5.32%) Big Data
8 622 (5.22%) Oracle Database
9 583 (4.90%) Hadoop
10 575 (4.83%) MongoDB
11 550 (4.62%) MySQL
12 546 (4.58%) SQL Server Analysis Services
13 429 (3.60%) SQL Server 2008
14 406 (3.41%) PostgreSQL
14 406 (3.41%) RDBMS
15 405 (3.40%) SQL Server 2012
16 357 (3.00%) Power BI
17 275 (2.31%) BusinessObjects
18 248 (2.08%) Apache Hive
19 247 (2.07%) SQL Server 2016
Development Applications
1 1047 (8.79%) Git (software)
2 848 (7.12%) JIRA
3 673 (5.65%) Jenkins
4 526 (4.42%) Team Foundation Server
5 425 (3.57%) Visual Studio
6 417 (3.50%) Maven
7 373 (3.13%) Selenium
8 353 (2.96%) JUnit
9 336 (2.82%) Subversion
10 253 (2.12%) Cucumber
11 233 (1.96%) TeamCity
12 187 (1.57%) Eclipse
13 183 (1.54%) NUnit
14 149 (1.25%) SoapUI
15 139 (1.17%) Mockito
16 122 (1.02%) IntelliJ
17 117 (0.98%) Ant
18 102 (0.86%) Gradle
19 99 (0.83%) Atlassian Bamboo
19 99 (0.83%) SpecFlow
General
1 2813 (23.62%) Finance
2 1531 (12.86%) Banking
3 645 (5.42%) Investment Banking
4 605 (5.08%) Front Office
5 493 (4.14%) Retail
6 376 (3.16%) Marketing
7 238 (2.00%) Telecoms
8 181 (1.52%) Manufacturing
9 160 (1.34%) Financial Institution
10 156 (1.31%) Legal
11 143 (1.20%) Back Office
12 125 (1.05%) Games
13 104 (0.87%) Advertising
14 99 (0.83%) Electronics
15 97 (0.81%) Publishing
16 96 (0.81%) Retail Banking
17 73 (0.61%) Law
18 72 (0.60%) Pharmaceutical
19 55 (0.46%) Billing
20 48 (0.40%) Automotive
Job Titles
1 5803 (48.73%) Developer
2 2320 (19.48%) Analyst
3 1318 (11.07%) SQL Developer
4 1128 (9.47%) Java Developer
5 1049 (8.81%) .NET Developer
6 995 (8.36%) C# Developer
7 610 (5.12%) Data Analyst
8 603 (5.06%) Senior Developer
9 533 (4.48%) C# .NET Developer
10 522 (4.38%) Consultant
11 485 (4.07%) Business Analyst
12 439 (3.69%) DBA
13 434 (3.64%) Architect
14 421 (3.54%) SQL Analyst
15 385 (3.23%) Business Intelligence Developer
16 326 (2.74%) Test Analyst
17 300 (2.52%) Support Analyst
18 290 (2.44%) SQL DBA
19 287 (2.41%) Applications Support
20 263 (2.21%) Tester
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 2394 (20.10%) .NET
2 1516 (12.73%) HTML
3 1164 (9.77%) Web Services
4 1116 (9.37%) XML
5 1075 (9.03%) CSS
6 976 (8.20%) ASP.NET
7 930 (7.81%) AngularJS
8 897 (7.53%) Spring
9 731 (6.14%) REST
10 654 (5.49%) jQuery
11 558 (4.69%) JSON
12 536 (4.50%) .NET Framework
13 521 (4.37%) HTML5
14 502 (4.22%) ASP.NET MVC
15 499 (4.19%) SOAP
16 487 (4.09%) RESTful
17 456 (3.83%) Hibernate
18 445 (3.74%) WCF
19 437 (3.67%) ASP.NET Web API
20 398 (3.34%) Node.js
Miscellaneous
1 1270 (10.66%) Analytical Skills
2 438 (3.68%) Computer Science
3 387 (3.25%) Greenfield Project
4 352 (2.96%) Fixed Income
5 338 (2.84%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
6 307 (2.58%) Management Information System
7 304 (2.55%) Equities
8 301 (2.53%) Derivative
9 296 (2.49%) Data Structures
10 249 (2.09%) Algorithms
11 211 (1.77%) User Experience
12 194 (1.63%) Enterprise Software
13 172 (1.44%) Mobile App
14 155 (1.30%) Replication
15 138 (1.16%) Clustering
16 136 (1.14%) Credit Risk
17 131 (1.10%) Market Risk
18 121 (1.02%) Virtual Team
19 120 (1.01%) Client/Server
20 119 (1.00%) Data Centre
Operating Systems
1 1591 (13.36%) Linux
2 1500 (12.60%) Windows
3 1368 (11.49%) Unix
4 436 (3.66%) Windows Server
5 204 (1.71%) Windows Server 2012
6 197 (1.65%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 186 (1.56%) Windows Server 2008
8 127 (1.07%) Solaris
9 108 (0.91%) Android
10 95 (0.80%) Apple iOS
11 77 (0.65%) Windows 7
12 74 (0.62%) Windows Server 2003
13 70 (0.59%) AIX
14 63 (0.53%) Windows 10
15 56 (0.47%) CentOS
16 44 (0.37%) Ubuntu
17 43 (0.36%) Mac OS X
18 35 (0.29%) Windows XP
19 32 (0.27%) HPUX
20 31 (0.26%) Windows 8
Processes & Methodologies
1 3560 (29.89%) Agile Software Development
2 1677 (14.08%) Business Intelligence
3 1284 (10.78%) ETL
4 1213 (10.19%) MVC
5 1181 (9.92%) TDD
6 1051 (8.83%) Data Modelling
7 1027 (8.62%) Scrum
8 983 (8.25%) Migration
9 895 (7.52%) Analytics
10 883 (7.41%) Test Automation
11 805 (6.76%) Continuous Integration
12 772 (6.48%) Data Analysis
13 770 (6.47%) SDLC
14 674 (5.66%) DevOps
15 634 (5.32%) OO
16 571 (4.79%) Software Engineering
17 538 (4.52%) BDD
18 522 (4.38%) Data Migration
18 522 (4.38%) Unit Testing
19 508 (4.27%) CRM
Programming Languages
1 2770 (23.26%) Java
2 2456 (20.62%) C#
3 1985 (16.67%) JavaScript
4 1313 (11.03%) T-SQL
5 1281 (10.76%) Python
6 946 (7.94%) PL/SQL
7 490 (4.11%) PowerShell
8 468 (3.93%) Shell Script
9 457 (3.84%) C++
10 388 (3.26%) VBA
11 359 (3.01%) Perl
12 332 (2.79%) Scala
13 331 (2.78%) R
14 273 (2.29%) VB.NET
15 264 (2.22%) PHP
16 219 (1.84%) VB
17 211 (1.77%) C
18 202 (1.70%) Bash Shell
19 157 (1.32%) Ruby
20 120 (1.01%) TypeScript
Qualifications
1 752 (6.31%) Degree
2 683 (5.74%) Security Cleared
3 450 (3.78%) SC Cleared
4 178 (1.49%) Computer Science Degree
5 145 (1.22%) ISEB
5 145 (1.22%) Microsoft Certification
6 128 (1.07%) ISTQB
7 113 (0.95%) DV Cleared
8 80 (0.67%) MCSE
9 63 (0.53%) BPSS Clearance
10 60 (0.50%) Master's Degree
11 57 (0.48%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
12 49 (0.41%) Numerate Degree
13 42 (0.35%) MCITP
14 33 (0.28%) CISSP
14 33 (0.28%) PhD
15 32 (0.27%) Cisco Certification
16 29 (0.24%) MCSA
17 27 (0.23%) CCNA
17 27 (0.23%) ITIL Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 529 (4.44%) QA
2 418 (3.51%) Data Quality
3 159 (1.34%) MiFID
4 128 (1.07%) SLA
5 67 (0.56%) GDPR
6 45 (0.38%) EMIR
7 35 (0.29%) Disclosure Scotland
8 27 (0.23%) Sarbanes-Oxley
9 26 (0.22%) PCI DSS
9 26 (0.22%) PMO
10 25 (0.21%) Solvency II
11 19 (0.16%) Dodd-Frank
11 19 (0.16%) HL7
12 17 (0.14%) ISO/IEC 27001
13 16 (0.13%) IFRS
14 13 (0.11%) IFRS 9
15 12 (0.10%) ISO 9001
16 11 (0.092%) GxP
17 9 (0.076%) Basel II
17 9 (0.076%) GAAP
System Software
1 566 (4.75%) Active Directory
2 291 (2.44%) Docker
3 252 (2.12%) VMware Infrastructure
4 105 (0.88%) Hyper-V
5 97 (0.81%) HDFS
6 91 (0.76%) VMware ESXi
7 70 (0.59%) Apache Flume
8 64 (0.54%) vSphere
9 55 (0.46%) Virtual Machines
10 37 (0.31%) Oracle RAC
10 37 (0.31%) Virtual Servers
11 36 (0.30%) XenApp
12 32 (0.27%) NFS
13 21 (0.18%) Xen
14 20 (0.17%) XenDesktop
15 19 (0.16%) Apache ZooKeeper
16 15 (0.13%) Virtual Desktop
17 14 (0.12%) VirtualBox
18 13 (0.11%) BitLocker
18 13 (0.11%) VMware Workstation
Systems Management
1 231 (1.94%) Puppet
2 202 (1.70%) Ansible
3 154 (1.29%) Opscode Chef
4 99 (0.83%) SCCM
5 93 (0.78%) HP Quality Center
6 90 (0.76%) SCOM
7 76 (0.64%) Kubernetes
8 66 (0.55%) Control-M
9 64 (0.54%) Kibana
9 64 (0.54%) logstash
10 62 (0.52%) Grafana
11 60 (0.50%) Hadoop YARN
12 53 (0.45%) Terraform
13 52 (0.44%) Nagios
14 49 (0.41%) Oozie
15 39 (0.33%) Oracle RMAN
15 39 (0.33%) TIBCO Hawk
16 37 (0.31%) Ambari
17 36 (0.30%) Data Guard
18 34 (0.29%) WSUS
Vendors
1 2426 (20.37%) Oracle
2 2110 (17.72%) Microsoft
3 472 (3.96%) Tableau
4 414 (3.48%) VMware
5 375 (3.15%) SAP
6 291 (2.44%) HP
7 289 (2.43%) IBM
8 278 (2.33%) Sybase
9 204 (1.71%) Red Hat
10 193 (1.62%) TIBCO
11 186 (1.56%) Citrix
12 180 (1.51%) Google
13 178 (1.49%) Informatica
14 163 (1.37%) Cisco
15 155 (1.30%) Salesforce.com
16 123 (1.03%) Cognos
16 123 (1.03%) Splunk
17 111 (0.93%) Teradata
18 105 (0.88%) AppDynamics
19 95 (0.80%) Atlassian