Period
to 22 October 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for SQL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited SQL over the 6 months to 22 October 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

SQL (Structured Query Language)
UK > England
6 months to
22 Oct 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 4 6 6
Rank change year-on-year +2 0 -1
Contract jobs citing SQL 10,011 12,466 11,909
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 12.93% 13.20% 13.03%
As % of the Programming Languages category 30.56% 29.36% 31.00%
Number of daily rates quoted 7,052 8,806 8,286
England median daily rate £450 £450 £430
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +4.71% +7.44%
10th Percentile £313 £305 £288
90th Percentile £638 £625 £625
UK median daily rate £450 £450 £425
% change year-on-year - +5.88% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 145 155 212
England median hourly rate £35.07 £29.15 £27.75
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +20.29% +5.05% -4.31%
10th Percentile £14.39 £12.75 £12.75
90th Percentile £60.65 £55.60 £50.00
UK median hourly rate £35.28 £27.62 £27.16
% change year-on-year +27.77% +1.68% -9.10%

SQL is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 32,755 42,463 38,415
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 42.31% 44.98% 42.03%
Number of daily rates quoted 22,970 30,115 26,915
England median daily rate £488 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.63% +5.56% +5.88%
10th Percentile £325 £319 £310
90th Percentile £650 £650 £638
UK median daily rate £475 £475 £450
% change year-on-year - +5.56% +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 616 644 739
England median hourly rate £44.51 £42.27 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +5.30% +5.66% +6.67%
10th Percentile £19.25 £17.54 £16.25
90th Percentile £55.00 £52.50 £53.00
UK median hourly rate £44.00 £42.00 £40.00
% change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% +6.67%

SQL
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing SQL as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for SQL in England

SQL
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing SQL in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for SQL in England

SQL
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing SQL in England over the 6 months to 22 October 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for SQL in England

SQL
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing SQL in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for SQL in England

SQL
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing SQL in England over the 6 months to 22 October 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for SQL in England

SQL
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing SQL within the England region over the 6 months to 22 October 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London 0 5,093 £500 - 1,387
South East -1 1,805 £425 - 834
North of England -1 1,242 £400 +5.26% 855
Midlands -1 756 £400 +3.23% 521
South West -3 683 £420 +5.00% 356
North West +1 653 £400 +6.67% 459
Yorkshire 0 492 £400 - 311
West Midlands -2 463 £400 - 330
East of England +1 417 £425 +6.25% 307
East Midlands 0 281 £400 +3.90% 187
North East -1 98 £425 +14.25% 85
SQL
UK

For the 6 months to 22 October 2019, IT contractor jobs citing SQL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for SQL.

1 2,972 (29.69%) Agile Software Development
2 2,656 (26.53%) SQL Server
3 2,158 (21.56%) Azure
4 2,034 (20.32%) Finance
5 2,023 (20.21%) C#
6 2,020 (20.18%) Microsoft
7 1,959 (19.57%) Oracle
8 1,908 (19.06%) .NET
9 1,804 (18.02%) Python
10 1,800 (17.98%) Business Intelligence
11 1,712 (17.10%) Java
12 1,511 (15.09%) JavaScript
13 1,404 (14.02%) ETL
14 1,325 (13.24%) Data Warehouse
15 1,230 (12.29%) SQL Server Integration Services
16 1,184 (11.83%) Analytics
17 1,182 (11.81%) DevOps
18 1,172 (11.71%) AWS
19 1,160 (11.59%) Windows
20 1,109 (11.08%) Power Platform
21 1,087 (10.86%) Migration
22 1,073 (10.72%) Power BI
23 989 (9.88%) T-SQL
24 969 (9.68%) Linux
25 952 (9.51%) Data Modelling
26 927 (9.26%) Analytical Skills
27 910 (9.09%) Scrum
28 908 (9.07%) HTML
29 866 (8.65%) Git (software)
30 860 (8.59%) TDD

SQL
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 522 (5.21%) Apache Spark
2 373 (3.73%) Confluence
3 357 (3.57%) SharePoint
4 241 (2.41%) IIS
4 241 (2.41%) SAS
5 228 (2.28%) Apache
6 158 (1.58%) Elasticsearch
7 153 (1.53%) WebLogic
8 99 (0.99%) Tomcat
9 95 (0.95%) CMS
10 80 (0.80%) Oracle SOA Suite
11 78 (0.78%) Apache Airflow
12 77 (0.77%) MS Exchange
13 56 (0.56%) Jupyter
14 54 (0.54%) BizTalk Server
15 53 (0.53%) Skype for Business
16 51 (0.51%) WebSphere
17 45 (0.45%) JBoss
18 43 (0.43%) Umbraco
19 38 (0.38%) Oracle Workflow
Applications
1 704 (7.03%) Microsoft Excel
2 247 (2.47%) Microsoft Office
3 86 (0.86%) MS Visio
4 76 (0.76%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 39 (0.39%) Spreadsheet
6 35 (0.35%) SPSS
7 29 (0.29%) Microsoft Project
8 12 (0.12%) InfoPath
9 10 (0.100%) Stata
10 9 (0.090%) FileZilla
11 8 (0.080%) Notepad++
12 5 (0.050%) Photoshop
13 3 (0.030%) Chatbot
13 3 (0.030%) GNU Octave
14 2 (0.020%) XMetaL
15 1 (0.010%) Sketch
15 1 (0.010%) S-PLUS
15 1 (0.010%) UXPin
15 1 (0.010%) Weka
15 1 (0.010%) Windchill
Business Applications
1 136 (1.36%) Dynamics CRM
2 94 (0.94%) Oracle EBS
3 56 (0.56%) Oracle EBS R12
4 54 (0.54%) Dynamics AX
4 54 (0.54%) Oracle Receivables
5 42 (0.42%) Dynamics NAV
6 34 (0.34%) Oracle Payables
7 25 (0.25%) Oracle Financials
7 25 (0.25%) Oracle TCA
8 24 (0.24%) Oracle ERP
9 23 (0.23%) NetSuite
9 23 (0.23%) Oracle Applications
10 22 (0.22%) Markit EDM
10 22 (0.22%) Oracle Cash Management
10 22 (0.22%) Oracle General Ledger
10 22 (0.22%) Siebel CRM
11 20 (0.20%) Unit4 Business World
12 19 (0.19%) Oracle Assets
13 18 (0.18%) FINCAD Analytics
14 16 (0.16%) Oracle Internet Expenses
Cloud Services
1 2,158 (21.56%) Azure
2 1,172 (11.71%) AWS
3 1,109 (11.08%) Power Platform
4 457 (4.56%) GCP
5 341 (3.41%) Office 365
6 294 (2.94%) Serverless
7 281 (2.81%) GitHub
8 263 (2.63%) Azure Data Factory
9 259 (2.59%) PaaS
10 190 (1.90%) SaaS
11 156 (1.56%) Amazon S3
12 153 (1.53%) Azure Active Directory
13 150 (1.50%) Dynamics 365
14 148 (1.48%) IaaS
15 113 (1.13%) Azure Functions
16 109 (1.09%) AWS Lambda
17 99 (0.99%) Amazon EC2
18 96 (0.96%) Cloud Computing
19 78 (0.78%) Data Lake Analytics
20 74 (0.74%) OpenShift
Communications & Networking
1 211 (2.11%) DNS
2 198 (1.98%) Firewall
3 124 (1.24%) SAN
4 123 (1.23%) TCP/IP
5 120 (1.20%) Internet
6 109 (1.09%) HTTP
7 101 (1.01%) WAN
8 98 (0.98%) LAN
9 94 (0.94%) DHCP
10 65 (0.65%) VPN
11 53 (0.53%) FTP
12 48 (0.48%) SSL
13 47 (0.47%) Skype
14 43 (0.43%) NAS
15 31 (0.31%) VLAN
16 29 (0.29%) Intranet
17 28 (0.28%) Intrusion Detection
17 28 (0.28%) VoIP
18 27 (0.27%) Kerberos
18 27 (0.27%) Reverse Proxy
Database & Business Intelligence
1 2,656 (26.53%) SQL Server
2 1,325 (13.24%) Data Warehouse
3 1,230 (12.29%) SQL Server Integration Services
4 1,073 (10.72%) Power BI
5 825 (8.24%) SQL Server Reporting Services
6 699 (6.98%) NoSQL
7 684 (6.83%) Big Data
8 649 (6.48%) Relational Database
9 559 (5.58%) Oracle Database
10 545 (5.44%) PostgreSQL
11 540 (5.39%) SQL Server Analysis Services
12 519 (5.18%) Hadoop
13 482 (4.81%) Azure SQL Database
14 445 (4.45%) MySQL
15 382 (3.82%) MongoDB
16 350 (3.50%) Data Lake
17 252 (2.52%) Apache Hive
18 239 (2.39%) SQL Server 2012
19 224 (2.24%) SQL Server 2016
20 219 (2.19%) RDBMS
Development Applications
1 866 (8.65%) Git (software)
2 742 (7.41%) JIRA
3 604 (6.03%) Jenkins
4 374 (3.74%) Selenium
5 342 (3.42%) Visual Studio
6 287 (2.87%) Team Foundation Server
7 237 (2.37%) Cucumber
8 232 (2.32%) Visual Studio Team System
9 196 (1.96%) Maven
10 181 (1.81%) TeamCity
11 175 (1.75%) JUnit
12 134 (1.34%) SpecFlow
13 128 (1.28%) Subversion
14 115 (1.15%) Bitbucket
15 104 (1.04%) NUnit
16 95 (0.95%) Octopus Deploy
17 92 (0.92%) GitLab
18 88 (0.88%) JMeter
19 87 (0.87%) SoapUI
20 85 (0.85%) Gradle
General
1 2,034 (20.32%) Finance
2 822 (8.21%) Banking
3 380 (3.80%) Public Sector
4 333 (3.33%) Retail
5 303 (3.03%) Front Office
6 235 (2.35%) Investment Banking
7 210 (2.10%) Marketing
8 171 (1.71%) Legal
9 170 (1.70%) Telecoms
10 107 (1.07%) Back Office
11 101 (1.01%) Law
12 87 (0.87%) Financial Institution
13 86 (0.86%) Manufacturing
14 80 (0.80%) Publishing
15 64 (0.64%) Billing
16 62 (0.62%) Games
17 59 (0.59%) Advertising
18 36 (0.36%) Pharmaceutical
18 36 (0.36%) Retail Banking
19 33 (0.33%) Local Government
Job Titles
1 4,434 (44.29%) Developer
2 1,472 (14.70%) Analyst
3 927 (9.26%) SQL Developer
4 699 (6.98%) .NET Developer
5 571 (5.70%) C# Developer
6 538 (5.37%) Data Engineer
7 512 (5.11%) Architect
7 512 (5.11%) Java Developer
8 496 (4.95%) Data Analyst
9 442 (4.42%) Business Intelligence Developer
10 436 (4.36%) Consultant
11 409 (4.09%) DBA
12 378 (3.78%) Senior Developer
13 291 (2.91%) Full Stack Developer
14 277 (2.77%) C# .NET Developer
15 273 (2.73%) Python Developer
16 271 (2.71%) SQL Analyst
17 227 (2.27%) SQL DBA
18 216 (2.16%) Business Analyst
19 214 (2.14%) DevOps Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,908 (19.06%) .NET
2 908 (9.07%) HTML
3 819 (8.18%) AngularJS
4 766 (7.65%) CSS
5 707 (7.06%) XML
6 674 (6.73%) Web Services
7 547 (5.46%) ASP.NET
8 539 (5.38%) REST
9 500 (4.99%) JSON
10 498 (4.97%) Spring
11 445 (4.45%) .NET Framework
11 445 (4.45%) RESTful
12 444 (4.44%) React
13 360 (3.60%) .NET Core
14 347 (3.47%) Node.js
15 346 (3.46%) ASP.NET Web API
16 327 (3.27%) Kafka
17 314 (3.14%) jQuery
18 310 (3.10%) SOAP
19 288 (2.88%) HTML5
Miscellaneous
1 927 (9.26%) Analytical Skills
2 317 (3.17%) Greenfield Project
3 217 (2.17%) Data Structures
4 208 (2.08%) Enterprise Software
5 202 (2.02%) Management Information System
6 192 (1.92%) Algorithms
7 190 (1.90%) User Experience
8 189 (1.89%) Derivative
9 178 (1.78%) Self-Motivation
10 156 (1.56%) Replication
11 145 (1.45%) Fixed Income
12 132 (1.32%) Clustering
13 117 (1.17%) Public Cloud
14 115 (1.15%) Data Centre
15 114 (1.14%) Equities
16 111 (1.11%) NHS
17 101 (1.01%) Virtual Team
18 99 (0.99%) Hedge funds
19 96 (0.96%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
20 87 (0.87%) Mobile App
Operating Systems
1 1,160 (11.59%) Windows
2 969 (9.68%) Linux
3 690 (6.89%) Unix
4 411 (4.11%) Windows Server
5 190 (1.90%) Windows Server 2008
6 168 (1.68%) Windows Server 2012
7 118 (1.18%) Windows 10
8 114 (1.14%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 72 (0.72%) Android
10 71 (0.71%) Apple iOS
11 60 (0.60%) AIX
12 57 (0.57%) Windows 7
13 51 (0.51%) Solaris
14 49 (0.49%) VMS
15 44 (0.44%) Windows Server 2003
16 37 (0.37%) CentOS
17 32 (0.32%) Ubuntu
18 25 (0.25%) OpenVMS
19 18 (0.18%) Mac OS
20 15 (0.15%) SUSE
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,972 (29.69%) Agile Software Development
2 1,800 (17.98%) Business Intelligence
3 1,404 (14.02%) ETL
4 1,184 (11.83%) Analytics
5 1,182 (11.81%) DevOps
6 1,087 (10.86%) Migration
7 952 (9.51%) Data Modelling
8 910 (9.09%) Scrum
9 860 (8.59%) TDD
10 840 (8.39%) Problem-Solving
11 834 (8.33%) Test Automation
12 760 (7.59%) Microservices
13 639 (6.38%) MVC
14 596 (5.95%) Continuous Integration
15 568 (5.67%) Data Analysis
16 564 (5.63%) Data Science
17 546 (5.45%) Visualisation
18 509 (5.08%) Software Engineering
19 502 (5.01%) SDLC
20 476 (4.75%) Data Migration
Programming Languages
1 2,023 (20.21%) C#
2 1,804 (18.02%) Python
3 1,712 (17.10%) Java
4 1,511 (15.09%) JavaScript
5 989 (9.88%) T-SQL
6 796 (7.95%) PL/SQL
7 740 (7.39%) PowerShell
8 360 (3.60%) Scala
9 341 (3.41%) R
10 321 (3.21%) Shell Script
11 290 (2.90%) VBA
12 277 (2.77%) TypeScript
13 274 (2.74%) C++
14 211 (2.11%) Perl
15 210 (2.10%) VB
16 191 (1.91%) C
17 182 (1.82%) Bash Shell
18 169 (1.69%) Java 8
19 168 (1.68%) PHP
20 166 (1.66%) VB.NET
Qualifications
1 834 (8.33%) Security Cleared
2 653 (6.52%) SC Cleared
3 562 (5.61%) Degree
4 149 (1.49%) Computer Science Degree
5 138 (1.38%) Microsoft Certification
6 119 (1.19%) ISTQB
7 110 (1.10%) DV Cleared
7 110 (1.10%) ISEB
8 74 (0.74%) PhD
9 59 (0.59%) Master's Degree
9 59 (0.59%) MCSE
10 56 (0.56%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
11 50 (0.50%) BPSS Clearance
12 41 (0.41%) MCSA
13 40 (0.40%) Cisco Certification
14 32 (0.32%) Numerate Degree
15 30 (0.30%) PMI Certification
16 29 (0.29%) CCNA
17 28 (0.28%) CCNP
18 23 (0.23%) ITIL Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 407 (4.07%) QA
2 305 (3.05%) Data Quality
3 90 (0.90%) SLA
4 75 (0.75%) GDPR
5 36 (0.36%) MiFID
6 28 (0.28%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 26 (0.26%) Sarbanes-Oxley
8 23 (0.23%) PMO
9 16 (0.16%) EMIR
10 13 (0.13%) NIST
11 12 (0.12%) Disclosure Scotland
12 11 (0.11%) PCI DSS
13 10 (0.100%) Dodd-Frank
13 10 (0.100%) HL7
14 8 (0.080%) COREP
14 8 (0.080%) HMG Security Policy Framework
14 8 (0.080%) IFRS
15 7 (0.070%) GxP
15 7 (0.070%) WCAG
16 6 (0.060%) NCSC
System Software
1 633 (6.32%) Docker
2 552 (5.51%) Active Directory
3 255 (2.55%) VMware Infrastructure
4 106 (1.06%) Hyper-V
5 81 (0.81%) Virtual Machines
6 77 (0.77%) HDFS
7 75 (0.75%) Oracle RAC
8 66 (0.66%) vSphere
9 56 (0.56%) XenApp
10 53 (0.53%) VMware ESXi
11 34 (0.34%) XenDesktop
12 28 (0.28%) Microsoft App-V
13 19 (0.19%) Tivoli Workload Scheduler
14 18 (0.18%) Virtual Servers
15 15 (0.15%) Apache Flume
15 15 (0.15%) Citrix Hypervisor
15 15 (0.15%) Virtual Desktop
16 14 (0.14%) Postfix
17 12 (0.12%) VirtualBox
18 9 (0.090%) vCloud
Systems Management
1 398 (3.98%) Kubernetes
2 242 (2.42%) Ansible
3 194 (1.94%) SCCM
4 186 (1.86%) Terraform
5 125 (1.25%) Puppet
6 83 (0.83%) Opscode Chef
7 61 (0.61%) SCOM
8 59 (0.59%) Microsoft Intune
9 56 (0.56%) Hadoop YARN
10 48 (0.48%) Oozie
11 47 (0.47%) Kibana
12 46 (0.46%) Data Guard
13 44 (0.44%) Microsoft Clustering
13 44 (0.44%) Single Sign-On
14 37 (0.37%) Nagios
15 31 (0.31%) Control-M
16 29 (0.29%) NetBackup
16 29 (0.29%) Oracle RMAN
16 29 (0.29%) Tivoli
17 27 (0.27%) WSUS
Vendors
1 2,020 (20.18%) Microsoft
2 1,959 (19.57%) Oracle
3 597 (5.96%) Tableau
4 386 (3.86%) VMware
5 385 (3.85%) Google
6 278 (2.78%) SAP
7 239 (2.39%) IBM
8 202 (2.02%) Citrix
9 190 (1.90%) Informatica
10 149 (1.49%) Databricks
11 134 (1.34%) HP
12 125 (1.25%) Cisco
13 124 (1.24%) Salesforce.com
14 111 (1.11%) Sybase
15 103 (1.03%) Cloudera
16 102 (1.02%) MuleSoft
17 89 (0.89%) Red Hat
18 88 (0.88%) MicroStrategy
19 87 (0.87%) Cognos
20 85 (0.85%) ServiceNow