The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for SQL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited SQL over the 3 months to 27 June 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

SQL (Structured Query Language)
UK / England
3 months to
27 Jun 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 6 5 5
Rank change year-on-year -1 0  
Contract jobs citing SQL 5737 6515 7560
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 13.27% 13.14% 15.05%
As % of the Programming Languages category 31.68% 33.57% 39.11%
Number of daily rates quoted 3866 4511 5109
Median daily rate £425 £400 £375
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +6.25% +6.66%  
90% offered a daily rate of more than £300 £275 £265
10% offered a daily rate of more than £580 £575 £550
UK excluding London median daily rate £375 £363 £340
% change year-on-year +3.44% +6.61%  
Number of hourly rates quoted 102 141 146
Median hourly rate £39.50 £32.50 £22.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +21.53% +44.44%  
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £14.05 £13.50 £16.00
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £50.00 £45.00 £43.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £40.00 £32.50 £22.50
% change year-on-year +23.07% +44.44%  

SQL is in the programming language skills category. The next table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for programming language skills.

Contract Programming Language Skills
England
Contract job vacancies with a requirement for programming language skills 18111 19410 19329
As % of all contract IT job vacancies advertised in England 41.88% 39.14% 38.49%
Number of daily rates quoted 12445 13524 13140
Median daily rate £450 £425 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.88% +6.25%  
90% offered a daily rate of more than £320 £300 £275
10% offered a daily rate of more than £600 £588 £575
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £375 £350
% change year-on-year +6.66% +7.14%  
Number of hourly rates quoted 366 425 389
Median hourly rate £42.00 £37.50 £37.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +12.00% +1.35%  
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £22.00 £16.00 £19.46
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £51.00 £52.50 £50.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £42.50 £37.50 £37.00
% change year-on-year +13.33% +1.35%  

SQL
Job Vacancy Trend in England

The job posting trend of jobs advertised in England citing SQL as a proportion of all contract or permanent IT jobs with a match in the Programming Languages category.

Job vacancy trend for SQL in England

SQL
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing SQL in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for SQL in England

SQL
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing SQL in England over the 3 months to 27 June 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for SQL in England

SQL
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing SQL in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for SQL in England

SQL
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing SQL in England over the 3 months to 27 June 2017.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for SQL in England

SQL
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing SQL within the England region over the 3 months to 27 June 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 3 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Last 3 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -1 3165 £475 +5.55% 887
South East 0 861 £393 +0.64% 408
North West +2 371 £375 +7.14% 271
South West +2 347 £375 +7.14% 156
East of England 0 273 £365 -2.66% 135
Yorkshire -1 250 £375 - 214
West Midlands -3 234 £350 -6.66% 160
East Midlands -6 163 £338 - 88
North East -6 44 £338 +5.46% 24
Midlands 0 8 £370 -22.10% 250
SQL
UK

For the 6 months to 27 June 2017, IT contractor jobs citing SQL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads across the England region with a requirement for SQL.

1 3156 (28.34%) Agile Software Development
2 3128 (28.09%) SQL Server
3 2744 (24.64%) Finance
4 2485 (22.31%) Oracle
5 2404 (21.59%) Java
6 2253 (20.23%) C#
7 2223 (19.96%) .NET
8 2054 (18.44%) Microsoft
9 1924 (17.28%) JavaScript
10 1614 (14.49%) Business Intelligence
11 1507 (13.53%) HTML
12 1461 (13.12%) Linux
13 1429 (12.83%) Banking
14 1428 (12.82%) Windows
15 1346 (12.09%) Unix
16 1210 (10.86%) T-SQL
17 1196 (10.74%) SQL Server Integration Services
18 1177 (10.57%) MVC
19 1176 (10.56%) Analytical Skills
20 1170 (10.51%) CSS
21 1166 (10.47%) Python
22 1148 (10.31%) XML
23 1143 (10.26%) Data Warehouse
24 1118 (10.04%) ETL
25 1110 (9.97%) TDD
26 1101 (9.89%) Web Services
27 1034 (9.28%) Relational Database
28 1029 (9.24%) SQL Server Reporting Services
29 998 (8.96%) PL/SQL
30 959 (8.61%) Scrum

SQL
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 408 (3.66%) SharePoint
2 316 (2.84%) IIS
3 281 (2.52%) Apache
4 277 (2.49%) SAS
5 270 (2.42%) Apache Spark
6 261 (2.34%) JBoss
7 216 (1.94%) WebSphere
8 212 (1.90%) Tomcat
9 199 (1.79%) WebLogic
10 190 (1.71%) CMS
11 170 (1.53%) Confluence
12 137 (1.23%) Oracle SOA Suite
13 129 (1.16%) Elasticsearch
14 123 (1.10%) MS Exchange
15 95 (0.85%) BizTalk Server
16 74 (0.66%) Oracle Workflow
16 74 (0.66%) WebSphere Application Server
17 73 (0.66%) SharePoint 2013
18 61 (0.55%) Exchange Server 2013
19 60 (0.54%) Apache Pig
Applications
1 784 (7.04%) Microsoft Excel
2 311 (2.79%) Microsoft Office
3 148 (1.33%) MS Visio
4 87 (0.78%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 74 (0.66%) Spreadsheet
6 46 (0.41%) SPSS
7 30 (0.27%) Microsoft Project
8 26 (0.23%) Stata
9 8 (0.072%) InfoPath
10 5 (0.045%) LaTeX
10 5 (0.045%) Photoshop
11 4 (0.036%) GNU Octave
12 3 (0.027%) Adobe Creative Suite
12 3 (0.027%) Adobe Illustrator
12 3 (0.027%) SmartSuite
12 3 (0.027%) S-PLUS
13 2 (0.018%) EViews
13 2 (0.018%) Mathematica
13 2 (0.018%) SPSS Modeler
13 2 (0.018%) Weka
Business Applications
1 246 (2.21%) Dynamics CRM
2 83 (0.75%) SAP Oil and Gas
3 63 (0.57%) Oracle EBS
4 45 (0.40%) Dynamics AX
4 45 (0.40%) Oracle Applications
5 36 (0.32%) Dynamics NAV
6 34 (0.31%) Oracle EBS R12
7 29 (0.26%) Oracle BPM
8 28 (0.25%) SAP Hybris
9 26 (0.23%) ION MarketView
9 26 (0.23%) Oracle 11i
10 25 (0.22%) Markit EDM
10 25 (0.22%) Unit4 Business World
11 23 (0.21%) Unica
12 22 (0.20%) FastStats
12 22 (0.20%) Salesforce.com CRM
13 20 (0.18%) Oracle Receivables
14 19 (0.17%) Adobe Campaign
14 19 (0.17%) Magento
15 16 (0.14%) Eloqua
Cloud Services
1 693 (6.22%) Microsoft Azure
2 505 (4.53%) Amazon AWS
3 159 (1.43%) Office 365
4 113 (1.01%) GitHub
5 101 (0.91%) IaaS
6 94 (0.84%) SaaS
7 91 (0.82%) PaaS
8 64 (0.57%) Cloud Computing
9 61 (0.55%) Google Analytics
10 45 (0.40%) Google Cloud Platform
11 39 (0.35%) Amazon EC2
12 37 (0.33%) Azure Active Directory
13 33 (0.30%) Amazon S3
14 30 (0.27%) Azure Data Factory
15 27 (0.24%) Adobe Analytics
16 26 (0.23%) AWS Lambda
17 25 (0.22%) Dynamics 365
18 23 (0.21%) Virtual Private Cloud
19 20 (0.18%) Slack
20 19 (0.17%) OpenShift
Communications & Networking
1 222 (1.99%) Firewall
2 206 (1.85%) DNS
3 203 (1.82%) HTTP
4 202 (1.81%) Internet
5 196 (1.76%) TCP/IP
6 122 (1.10%) SAN
7 112 (1.01%) LDAP
8 104 (0.93%) DHCP
9 101 (0.91%) WAN
10 99 (0.89%) LAN
11 88 (0.79%) SSL
12 69 (0.62%) VPN
13 61 (0.55%) Network Security
14 43 (0.39%) NAS
15 39 (0.35%) SSH
16 32 (0.29%) PuTTY
16 32 (0.29%) VoIP
17 30 (0.27%) Skype
18 29 (0.26%) FTP
19 28 (0.25%) SMTP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 3128 (28.09%) SQL Server
2 1196 (10.74%) SQL Server Integration Services
3 1143 (10.26%) Data Warehouse
4 1034 (9.28%) Relational Database
5 1029 (9.24%) SQL Server Reporting Services
6 706 (6.34%) Oracle Database
7 591 (5.31%) MySQL
8 589 (5.29%) NoSQL
9 571 (5.13%) SQL Server Analysis Services
10 539 (4.84%) Big Data
11 513 (4.61%) SQL Server 2008
12 505 (4.53%) SQL Server 2012
13 472 (4.24%) Hadoop
14 442 (3.97%) MongoDB
15 333 (2.99%) PostgreSQL
16 324 (2.91%) Power BI
17 317 (2.85%) RDBMS
18 302 (2.71%) Oracle Database 11g
19 276 (2.48%) BusinessObjects
19 276 (2.48%) DB2
Development Applications
1 923 (8.29%) Git (software)
2 730 (6.55%) JIRA
3 694 (6.23%) Jenkins
4 550 (4.94%) Team Foundation Server
5 428 (3.84%) Visual Studio
6 420 (3.77%) Selenium
7 332 (2.98%) Maven
8 331 (2.97%) JUnit
9 279 (2.51%) Cucumber
10 269 (2.42%) Subversion
11 226 (2.03%) TeamCity
12 182 (1.63%) Eclipse
13 166 (1.49%) NUnit
14 139 (1.25%) Mockito
15 130 (1.17%) Ant
16 113 (1.01%) SpecFlow
17 108 (0.97%) Talend Open Studio
18 107 (0.96%) SoapUI
19 101 (0.91%) Gradle
20 97 (0.87%) Toad
General
1 2744 (24.64%) Finance
2 1429 (12.83%) Banking
3 538 (4.83%) Investment Banking
4 501 (4.50%) Retail
5 499 (4.48%) Front Office
6 390 (3.50%) Marketing
7 228 (2.05%) Telecoms
8 186 (1.67%) Manufacturing
9 167 (1.50%) Back Office
10 158 (1.42%) Financial Institution
11 143 (1.28%) Legal
12 142 (1.28%) Advertising
13 99 (0.89%) Electronics
14 95 (0.85%) Games
15 84 (0.75%) Law
16 75 (0.67%) Publishing
16 75 (0.67%) Retail Banking
17 58 (0.52%) Billing
18 51 (0.46%) Pharmaceutical
19 47 (0.42%) Automotive
Job Titles
1 5422 (48.68%) Developer
2 2218 (19.92%) Analyst
3 1243 (11.16%) SQL Developer
4 1016 (9.12%) .NET Developer
5 1001 (8.99%) Java Developer
6 879 (7.89%) C# Developer
7 532 (4.78%) C# .NET Developer
8 529 (4.75%) Consultant
9 481 (4.32%) Data Analyst
10 476 (4.27%) Senior Developer
11 456 (4.09%) DBA
12 445 (4.00%) SQL Analyst
13 432 (3.88%) Architect
14 428 (3.84%) Business Analyst
15 372 (3.34%) Business Intelligence Developer
16 346 (3.11%) Test Analyst
17 345 (3.10%) Oracle Developer
18 314 (2.82%) SQL DBA
19 281 (2.52%) Support Analyst
20 251 (2.25%) Tester
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 2223 (19.96%) .NET
2 1507 (13.53%) HTML
3 1170 (10.51%) CSS
4 1148 (10.31%) XML
5 1101 (9.89%) Web Services
6 915 (8.22%) ASP.NET
7 818 (7.34%) Spring
8 790 (7.09%) AngularJS
9 692 (6.21%) REST
10 667 (5.99%) jQuery
11 540 (4.85%) JSON
12 516 (4.63%) HTML5
13 502 (4.51%) SOAP
14 501 (4.50%) .NET Framework
15 452 (4.06%) Hibernate
16 432 (3.88%) ASP.NET MVC
17 399 (3.58%) ASP.NET Web API
18 373 (3.35%) RESTful
19 357 (3.21%) WCF
20 331 (2.97%) Entity Framework
Miscellaneous
1 1176 (10.56%) Analytical Skills
2 380 (3.41%) Computer Science
3 340 (3.05%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
4 327 (2.94%) Greenfield Project
5 300 (2.69%) Fixed Income
6 264 (2.37%) Management Information System
7 254 (2.28%) Algorithms
8 231 (2.07%) Derivative
9 218 (1.96%) Data Structures
10 183 (1.64%) Equities
11 174 (1.56%) User Experience
12 172 (1.54%) Clustering
13 164 (1.47%) Enterprise Software
14 144 (1.29%) Data Centre
15 142 (1.28%) NHS
16 137 (1.23%) Mobile App
17 124 (1.11%) Client/Server
18 121 (1.09%) Replication
19 110 (0.99%) Fintech
20 96 (0.86%) Market Risk
Operating Systems
1 1461 (13.12%) Linux
2 1428 (12.82%) Windows
3 1346 (12.09%) Unix
4 439 (3.94%) Windows Server
5 253 (2.27%) Windows Server 2008
6 247 (2.22%) Windows Server 2012
7 149 (1.34%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 134 (1.20%) Windows Server 2003
9 126 (1.13%) Solaris
10 105 (0.94%) Android
11 98 (0.88%) Windows 7
12 90 (0.81%) Apple iOS
13 78 (0.70%) Windows 10
14 69 (0.62%) AIX
15 48 (0.43%) CentOS
16 44 (0.40%) Ubuntu
17 35 (0.31%) Mac OS X
18 33 (0.30%) HPUX
19 31 (0.28%) Windows 8
20 23 (0.21%) Windows Vista
Processes & Methodologies
1 3156 (28.34%) Agile Software Development
2 1614 (14.49%) Business Intelligence
3 1177 (10.57%) MVC
4 1118 (10.04%) ETL
5 1110 (9.97%) TDD
6 959 (8.61%) Scrum
7 896 (8.05%) Test Automation
8 891 (8.00%) Data Modelling
9 877 (7.87%) Migration
10 863 (7.75%) Analytics
11 718 (6.45%) SDLC
12 717 (6.44%) Data Analysis
13 713 (6.40%) Continuous Integration
14 640 (5.75%) DevOps
15 636 (5.71%) OO
16 535 (4.80%) CRM
17 497 (4.46%) Software Engineering
18 486 (4.36%) Unit Testing
19 459 (4.12%) Performance Tuning
20 447 (4.01%) E-Commerce
Programming Languages
1 2404 (21.59%) Java
2 2253 (20.23%) C#
3 1924 (17.28%) JavaScript
4 1210 (10.86%) T-SQL
5 1166 (10.47%) Python
6 998 (8.96%) PL/SQL
7 511 (4.59%) PowerShell
8 456 (4.09%) Shell Script
9 422 (3.79%) C++
10 395 (3.55%) Perl
11 391 (3.51%) VBA
12 314 (2.82%) R
13 297 (2.67%) Scala
14 288 (2.59%) C
15 287 (2.58%) VB
16 283 (2.54%) VB.NET
17 233 (2.09%) PHP
18 221 (1.98%) Ruby
19 200 (1.80%) Bash Shell
20 107 (0.96%) TypeScript
Qualifications
1 793 (7.12%) Degree
2 676 (6.07%) Security Cleared
3 476 (4.27%) SC Cleared
4 175 (1.57%) Computer Science Degree
5 155 (1.39%) ISEB
6 149 (1.34%) ISTQB
7 128 (1.15%) Microsoft Certification
8 108 (0.97%) DV Cleared
9 80 (0.72%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
10 67 (0.60%) MCSE
11 52 (0.47%) BPSS Clearance
12 51 (0.46%) Numerate Degree
13 50 (0.45%) Master's Degree
14 42 (0.38%) PhD
15 34 (0.31%) Cisco Certification
16 32 (0.29%) CISSP
17 31 (0.28%) ITIL Certification
17 31 (0.28%) MCITP
18 29 (0.26%) CCNA
19 28 (0.25%) PMI Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 486 (4.36%) QA
2 315 (2.83%) Data Quality
3 128 (1.15%) MiFID
4 92 (0.83%) SLA
5 60 (0.54%) EMIR
6 52 (0.47%) Dodd-Frank
7 45 (0.40%) Disclosure Scotland
8 43 (0.39%) PCI DSS
9 31 (0.28%) GDPR
10 28 (0.25%) IFRS
11 27 (0.24%) IFRS 9
12 19 (0.17%) ISO/IEC 27001
13 18 (0.16%) ISO 20022
13 18 (0.16%) PMO
13 18 (0.16%) Sarbanes-Oxley
14 17 (0.15%) HL7
15 16 (0.14%) Solvency II
16 15 (0.13%) ISO 9001
17 12 (0.11%) WCAG
18 10 (0.090%) Basel II
System Software
1 450 (4.04%) Active Directory
2 254 (2.28%) VMware Infrastructure
3 248 (2.23%) Docker
4 142 (1.28%) Hyper-V
5 93 (0.84%) VMware ESXi
6 76 (0.68%) Oracle RAC
7 54 (0.48%) HDFS
8 51 (0.46%) vSphere
9 50 (0.45%) Virtual Machines
10 33 (0.30%) XenApp
11 24 (0.22%) Apache Flume
12 23 (0.21%) Xen
12 23 (0.21%) XenDesktop
13 21 (0.19%) KVM
13 21 (0.19%) Virtual Servers
14 20 (0.18%) Virtual Desktop
15 19 (0.17%) NFS
16 18 (0.16%) Microsoft App-V
16 18 (0.16%) Samba
16 18 (0.16%) VMware Workstation
Systems Management
1 236 (2.12%) Puppet
2 157 (1.41%) Opscode Chef
3 151 (1.36%) Ansible
4 139 (1.25%) SCCM
5 90 (0.81%) SCOM
6 86 (0.77%) HP Quality Center
7 75 (0.67%) Nagios
8 65 (0.58%) Control-M
9 63 (0.57%) Oracle RMAN
10 56 (0.50%) logstash
11 52 (0.47%) Kibana
12 48 (0.43%) Kubernetes
13 43 (0.39%) Tivoli
14 41 (0.37%) Grafana
15 33 (0.30%) Failover Clustering
16 32 (0.29%) OpenView Configuration Management
17 31 (0.28%) Oozie
18 30 (0.27%) Data Guard
18 30 (0.27%) Microsoft Clustering
19 29 (0.26%) WSUS
Vendors
1 2485 (22.31%) Oracle
2 2054 (18.44%) Microsoft
3 418 (3.75%) VMware
4 370 (3.32%) SAP
5 357 (3.21%) Tableau
6 306 (2.75%) IBM
7 275 (2.47%) HP
8 273 (2.45%) Sybase
9 188 (1.69%) Red Hat
10 166 (1.49%) Google
11 161 (1.45%) Citrix
12 159 (1.43%) Informatica
13 144 (1.29%) Salesforce.com
14 135 (1.21%) Teradata
15 127 (1.14%) Cisco
16 108 (0.97%) Talend
17 99 (0.89%) TIBCO
18 98 (0.88%) Adobe
19 97 (0.87%) Cognos
20 90 (0.81%) Bloomberg
London
Brightred Resourcing Limited
Rate: £400 per day
Posted: 16 hours ago
Leeds, West Yorkshire
4it Recruitment Ltd
Rate: From £300 to £350 per day 3 Months initially
Posted: 20 hours ago
Oxfordshire
Nigel Frank International Ltd
Posted: 12 hours ago
Portsmouth, Hampshire
Spectrum IT Recruitment (South) Ltd
Posted: 15 hours ago
Portsmouth, Hampshire
Spectrum IT Recruitment (South) Ltd
Posted: 15 hours ago
London
FRG Technology Consulting
Rate: £340 - £400 per day
Posted: 18 hours ago
Bristol Area
Opus Recruitment Solutions Ltd
Rate: £300 - £330 per day
Posted: 18 hours ago
Rickmansworth, Hertfordshire
Lorien Resourcing
Posted: 22 hours ago
London
Optima Connections
Rate: From £400 to £450 per day Contract £400-450 per day
Posted: 22 hours ago
London
Oliver Bernard
Rate: £400 - £500 per day
Posted: 16 hours ago
Birmingham, West Midlands (County)
Spring Technology
Posted: 23 hours ago
Bristol, Avon
People Source Consulting
Rate: £400 - £450 per day
Posted: 17 hours ago
London
Marks Sattin
Rate: £250 - £300 per day
Posted: 22 hours ago
Knutsford, Cheshire
Capita Resourcing - IT Resourcing
Rate: £400 - £500 per day
Posted: 15 hours ago
London
TEKsystems
Rate: £475 - £535 per day
Posted: 20 hours ago
Chester, Cheshire
Hays Talent Solutions
Rate: £500.00 per day
Posted: 19 hours ago
Liverpool, Merseyside
Uniting Ambition
Rate: £400 - 450 per day
Posted: 16 hours ago
London
TEKsystems
Rate: £500 - £550 per day
Posted: 17 hours ago
North West
Venn Group
Rate: £150 - £170 Per Day Umbrella
Posted: 18 hours ago
Leeds, West Yorkshire
The Bridge Ltd
Rate: From £400 to £450 per day
Posted: 21 hours ago
Coventry, West Midlands (County)
HAYS INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY
Rate: £300.00 - £350.00 per day
Posted: 3 days ago
London
Austin Fraser
Rate: NEG
Posted: 15 hours ago
London
Global Technology Solutions Ltd
Rate: £27000 - £31000 per annum
Posted: Yesterday
Leeds, West Yorkshire
Fruition IT Resources Limited
Rate: £300 - £340 per day
Posted: 3 days ago
Peterborough, Cambridgeshire
Synergize Consulting
Rate: Unspecified TBC
Posted: 17 hours ago
Bournemouth, Dorset
Nigel Frank International Ltd
Rate: £300 - £350 per day
Posted: 4 days ago
City, London
ARC IT Recruitment Ltd
Rate: £400 - £450 per day
Posted: 3 days ago
Leeds, West Yorkshire
HAYS INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY
Rate: £350.00 - £400.00 per day
Posted: 4 days ago
London
Cititec
Posted: 3 days ago
London
TEKsystems
Rate: £400 - £550 per day
Posted: 23 hours ago