Period
to 26 October 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for SQL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited SQL over the 6 months to 26 October 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

SQL (Structured Query Language)
UK > England
6 months to
26 Oct 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 7 4 6
Rank change year-on-year -3 +2 0
Contract jobs citing SQL 3,585 9,950 12,448
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 12.99% 12.93% 13.16%
As % of the Programming Languages category 30.33% 30.58% 29.25%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,785 7,148 8,950
Median daily rate £475 £450 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% - +5.39%
10th Percentile £300 £313 £305
90th Percentile £663 £638 £625
UK median daily rate £463 £450 £450
% change year-on-year +2.78% - +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 111 150 155
Median hourly rate £35.00 £35.07 £27.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -0.19% +27.51% -1.79%
10th Percentile £12.63 £14.48 £12.75
90th Percentile £55.00 £56.90 £55.00
UK median hourly rate £35.00 £35.28 £24.53
% change year-on-year -0.80% +43.83% -10.80%

SQL is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 11,821 32,538 42,560
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 42.82% 42.28% 45.00%
Number of daily rates quoted 7,891 22,799 30,258
Median daily rate £488 £488 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +2.63% +5.56%
10th Percentile £310 £325 £319
90th Percentile £690 £650 £650
UK median daily rate £475 £475 £475
Number of hourly rates quoted 312 615 647
Median hourly rate £35.00 £44.50 £42.27
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -21.35% +5.29% +5.66%
10th Percentile £12.75 £18.95 £17.00
90th Percentile £55.00 £55.00 £52.50
Median hourly rate £35.00 £44.00 £41.85
% change year-on-year -20.45% +5.15% +4.61%

SQL
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing SQL as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for SQL in England

SQL
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing SQL in England.

Daily rate trend for SQL in England

SQL
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing SQL in England over the 6 months to 26 October 2020.

Daily rate histogram for SQL in England

SQL
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing SQL in England.

Hourly rate trend for SQL in England

SQL
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing SQL in England over the 6 months to 26 October 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for SQL in England

SQL
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing SQL within the England region over the 6 months to 26 October 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -3 2,054 £500 - 688
South East 0 415 £463 +7.56% 316
North of England -4 394 £385 -3.75% 439
Midlands +2 312 £400 - 263
North West -3 236 £375 -6.25% 262
West Midlands +3 217 £405 +1.25% 147
East of England +2 156 £425 - 129
South West -7 152 £450 +7.14% 137
Yorkshire -8 102 £375 -6.25% 135
East Midlands +1 92 £375 -6.25% 113
North East +5 56 £425 - 42
South Coast - 1 - -
SQL
UK

For the 6 months to 26 October 2020, IT contractor jobs citing SQL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for SQL.

1 1,074 (29.96%) Agile Software Development
2 956 (26.67%) Python
3 901 (25.13%) Java
4 883 (24.63%) Azure
5 870 (24.27%) SQL Server
6 846 (23.60%) Finance
7 823 (22.96%) Oracle
8 651 (18.16%) Business Intelligence
9 634 (17.68%) Microsoft
10 593 (16.54%) DevOps
11 575 (16.04%) C#
12 570 (15.90%) AWS
13 550 (15.34%) .NET
14 495 (13.81%) JavaScript
14 495 (13.81%) Banking
15 467 (13.03%) Security Cleared
16 451 (12.58%) Windows
17 433 (12.08%) Data Modelling
18 403 (11.24%) Data Warehouse
18 403 (11.24%) Analytics
19 385 (10.74%) Power Platform
20 383 (10.68%) Linux
21 379 (10.57%) ETL
22 377 (10.52%) Microservices
23 372 (10.38%) Power BI
24 365 (10.18%) Web Services
25 363 (10.13%) SC Cleared
26 354 (9.87%) Migration
27 352 (9.82%) Git (software)
28 336 (9.37%) Unix

SQL
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 166 (4.63%) Apache Spark
2 163 (4.55%) Apache
3 146 (4.07%) Confluence
3 146 (4.07%) SharePoint
4 119 (3.32%) WebLogic
5 62 (1.73%) SAS
6 61 (1.70%) IIS
7 56 (1.56%) Elasticsearch
7 56 (1.56%) Tomcat
8 50 (1.39%) WebSphere
9 37 (1.03%) Oracle SOA Suite
10 31 (0.86%) CMS
11 29 (0.81%) Oracle Workflow
12 27 (0.75%) Mule
13 21 (0.59%) Apache Airflow
13 21 (0.59%) NServiceBus
14 20 (0.56%) MS Exchange
14 20 (0.56%) Skype for Business
15 18 (0.50%) JBoss
16 17 (0.47%) WebSphere Application Server
Applications
1 232 (6.47%) Microsoft Excel
2 83 (2.32%) Microsoft Office
3 38 (1.06%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 13 (0.36%) MS Visio
5 12 (0.33%) Chatbot
6 9 (0.25%) Photoshop
6 9 (0.25%) Spreadsheet
7 8 (0.22%) SPSS
8 7 (0.20%) SOLIDWORKS
9 6 (0.17%) InfoPath
9 6 (0.17%) Microsoft Project
9 6 (0.17%) RoboHelp
10 2 (0.056%) Acrobat
10 2 (0.056%) Stata
10 2 (0.056%) Windchill
11 1 (0.028%) Camtasia
11 1 (0.028%) Sketch
Business Applications
1 50 (1.39%) Oracle EBS
2 41 (1.14%) Dynamics CRM
3 31 (0.86%) Markit EDM
4 28 (0.78%) Maximo
5 26 (0.73%) Eagle PACE
6 23 (0.64%) Oracle Applications
6 23 (0.64%) Oracle EBS R12
7 18 (0.50%) Oracle ERP
8 13 (0.36%) Oracle Payables
8 13 (0.36%) SAP FI-CA
8 13 (0.36%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
9 11 (0.31%) SunGard Martini
10 9 (0.25%) Oracle Financials
11 8 (0.22%) Oracle General Ledger
11 8 (0.22%) thinkFolio
12 7 (0.20%) Salesforce.com CRM
13 6 (0.17%) Northgate Housing
13 6 (0.17%) Oracle BPM
13 6 (0.17%) SAP APO
13 6 (0.17%) Siebel CRM
Cloud Services
1 883 (24.63%) Azure
2 570 (15.90%) AWS
3 385 (10.74%) Power Platform
4 212 (5.91%) Serverless
5 210 (5.86%) GCP
6 166 (4.63%) AWS Lambda
7 135 (3.77%) Azure Data Factory
8 115 (3.21%) Amazon S3
9 101 (2.82%) Amazon EC2
10 79 (2.20%) Office 365
11 72 (2.01%) Amazon ECS
12 71 (1.98%) GitHub
13 69 (1.92%) PaaS
14 68 (1.90%) Apigee
15 56 (1.56%) SaaS
16 52 (1.45%) Dynamics 365
17 49 (1.37%) IaaS
18 45 (1.26%) Logic Apps
19 42 (1.17%) Azure Active Directory
19 42 (1.17%) OpenShift
Communications & Networking
1 83 (2.32%) DNS
2 43 (1.20%) DHCP
2 43 (1.20%) Firewall
3 42 (1.17%) SSL
4 39 (1.09%) Skype
5 29 (0.81%) HTTP
6 24 (0.67%) TCP/IP
7 22 (0.61%) SNMP
8 20 (0.56%) VoIP
9 19 (0.53%) Internet
9 19 (0.53%) VPN
9 19 (0.53%) WAN
10 18 (0.50%) MPLS
11 17 (0.47%) HTTPS
11 17 (0.47%) Kerberos
12 13 (0.36%) FTP
12 13 (0.36%) Network Security
12 13 (0.36%) SSH
13 11 (0.31%) SAN
13 11 (0.31%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 870 (24.27%) SQL Server
2 403 (11.24%) Data Warehouse
3 372 (10.38%) Power BI
4 285 (7.95%) SQL Server Integration Services
5 254 (7.09%) NoSQL
6 250 (6.97%) MySQL
7 241 (6.72%) PostgreSQL
8 236 (6.58%) Relational Database
9 216 (6.03%) Big Data
10 214 (5.97%) Oracle Database
11 204 (5.69%) SQL Server Reporting Services
12 202 (5.63%) Azure SQL Database
13 171 (4.77%) Tableau
14 158 (4.41%) MongoDB
15 153 (4.27%) Hadoop
16 131 (3.65%) SQL Server Analysis Services
17 129 (3.60%) Data Lake
18 104 (2.90%) Amazon Redshift
19 80 (2.23%) Amazon DynamoDB
19 80 (2.23%) Apache Hive
Development Applications
1 352 (9.82%) Git (software)
2 323 (9.01%) Jenkins
3 277 (7.73%) JIRA
4 146 (4.07%) GitLab
5 133 (3.71%) Selenium
6 111 (3.10%) Cucumber
7 92 (2.57%) Artifactory
8 81 (2.26%) Visual Studio
9 79 (2.20%) Maven
10 77 (2.15%) Subversion
11 76 (2.12%) Team Foundation Server
12 73 (2.04%) Bitbucket
12 73 (2.04%) Toad
13 53 (1.48%) JUnit
14 51 (1.42%) Oracle APEX
15 42 (1.17%) TeamCity
16 40 (1.12%) JMeter
16 40 (1.12%) Postman
17 39 (1.09%) Atlassian Bamboo
18 37 (1.03%) SoapUI
General
1 846 (23.60%) Finance
2 495 (13.81%) Banking
3 257 (7.17%) Front Office
4 229 (6.39%) Public Sector
5 195 (5.44%) Investment Banking
6 98 (2.73%) Back Office
7 86 (2.40%) Marketing
8 77 (2.15%) Retail
9 49 (1.37%) Manufacturing
10 40 (1.12%) Law
11 39 (1.09%) Legal
12 38 (1.06%) Financial Institution
13 36 (1.00%) Telecoms
14 35 (0.98%) Pharmaceutical
15 29 (0.81%) Games
16 28 (0.78%) Electronics
17 22 (0.61%) Advertising
17 22 (0.61%) Local Government
18 12 (0.33%) Billing
19 11 (0.31%) General Ledger
Job Titles
1 1,415 (39.47%) Developer
2 499 (13.92%) Analyst
3 263 (7.34%) SQL Developer
4 253 (7.06%) Java Developer
5 244 (6.81%) Data Engineer
6 238 (6.64%) Architect
7 183 (5.10%) .NET Developer
8 172 (4.80%) Software Engineer
9 159 (4.44%) Consultant
10 154 (4.30%) Data Analyst
11 148 (4.13%) DBA
12 139 (3.88%) C# Developer
13 133 (3.71%) Developer/Software Engineer
14 131 (3.65%) Python Developer
15 116 (3.24%) Business Analyst
16 115 (3.21%) Business Intelligence Developer
17 109 (3.04%) Administrator
18 104 (2.90%) Senior Developer
19 100 (2.79%) Data Architect
19 100 (2.79%) Python Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 550 (15.34%) .NET
2 365 (10.18%) Web Services
3 280 (7.81%) AngularJS
4 264 (7.36%) HTML
5 245 (6.83%) XML
6 225 (6.28%) REST
7 221 (6.16%) React
8 212 (5.91%) Spring
9 206 (5.75%) CSS
10 183 (5.10%) ASP.NET
11 151 (4.21%) .NET Framework
12 149 (4.16%) Node.js
13 143 (3.99%) JSON
14 137 (3.82%) SOAP
15 131 (3.65%) RESTful
16 127 (3.54%) Kafka
17 104 (2.90%) .NET Core
18 98 (2.73%) Spring Boot
19 97 (2.71%) jQuery
20 95 (2.65%) J2EE
Miscellaneous
1 320 (8.93%) Analytical Skills
2 195 (5.44%) Fixed Income
3 193 (5.38%) Hedge funds
4 176 (4.91%) Derivative
5 133 (3.71%) Equities
6 131 (3.65%) Greenfield Project
7 128 (3.57%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
8 83 (2.32%) Data Structures
9 78 (2.18%) Management Information System
10 72 (2.01%) User Experience
11 67 (1.87%) NHS
12 66 (1.84%) Linux Command Line
13 55 (1.53%) Reference Data
14 52 (1.45%) Self-Motivation
15 51 (1.42%) Algorithms
16 50 (1.39%) Public Cloud
17 43 (1.20%) Data Centre
18 38 (1.06%) Virtual Team
19 36 (1.00%) Cloud Native
20 34 (0.95%) Replication
Operating Systems
1 451 (12.58%) Windows
2 383 (10.68%) Linux
3 336 (9.37%) Unix
4 154 (4.30%) Windows Server
5 52 (1.45%) Windows Server 2016
6 47 (1.31%) AIX
7 41 (1.14%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 41 (1.14%) Windows Server 2012
8 39 (1.09%) Apple iOS
9 31 (0.86%) Windows Server 2008
10 29 (0.81%) Windows 10
11 28 (0.78%) Solaris
12 26 (0.73%) Android
13 23 (0.64%) Windows Server 2019
14 18 (0.50%) Mac OS X
15 15 (0.42%) Ubuntu
16 14 (0.39%) VMS
17 13 (0.36%) CentOS
17 13 (0.36%) Windows 7
18 11 (0.31%) Debian
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,074 (29.96%) Agile Software Development
2 651 (18.16%) Business Intelligence
3 593 (16.54%) DevOps
4 433 (12.08%) Data Modelling
5 403 (11.24%) Analytics
6 379 (10.57%) ETL
7 377 (10.52%) Microservices
8 354 (9.87%) Migration
9 333 (9.29%) Problem-Solving
10 296 (8.26%) Test Automation
11 293 (8.17%) Scrum
12 288 (8.03%) Software Engineering
13 272 (7.59%) Asset Management
14 214 (5.97%) Data Analysis
15 206 (5.75%) Visualisation
16 205 (5.72%) TDD
17 201 (5.61%) Data Science
18 179 (4.99%) Continuous Integration
19 178 (4.97%) Investment Management
20 173 (4.83%) BDD
Programming Languages
1 956 (26.67%) Python
2 901 (25.13%) Java
3 575 (16.04%) C#
4 495 (13.81%) JavaScript
5 335 (9.34%) PL/SQL
6 290 (8.09%) T-SQL
7 269 (7.50%) PowerShell
8 146 (4.07%) R
9 134 (3.74%) C++
10 125 (3.49%) Shell Script
11 124 (3.46%) Scala
12 113 (3.15%) TypeScript
13 107 (2.98%) Kotlin
13 107 (2.98%) VBA
14 88 (2.45%) Perl
15 87 (2.43%) Bash Shell
15 87 (2.43%) Java 8
16 72 (2.01%) VB
17 67 (1.87%) Ruby
18 53 (1.48%) C
Qualifications
1 467 (13.03%) Security Cleared
2 363 (10.13%) SC Cleared
3 187 (5.22%) Degree
4 98 (2.73%) DV Cleared
5 62 (1.73%) Computer Science Degree
6 58 (1.62%) ISEB
7 52 (1.45%) ISTQB
8 40 (1.12%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
9 31 (0.86%) Master's Degree
10 28 (0.78%) Microsoft Certification
11 26 (0.73%) Sun Certification
12 18 (0.50%) BPSS Clearance
13 17 (0.47%) TOGAF Certification
14 16 (0.45%) Numerate Degree
15 14 (0.39%) PhD
16 11 (0.31%) ITIL Certification
17 9 (0.25%) MCSE
18 7 (0.20%) Oracle Certification
19 6 (0.17%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
19 6 (0.17%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 149 (4.16%) QA
2 134 (3.74%) Data Quality
3 61 (1.70%) GDPR
4 34 (0.95%) SLA
5 17 (0.47%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 17 (0.47%) PCI DSS
6 12 (0.33%) Cyber Essentials
6 12 (0.33%) HIPAA
7 10 (0.28%) MiFID
8 9 (0.25%) COBIT
9 8 (0.22%) IFRS
9 8 (0.22%) Sarbanes-Oxley
10 7 (0.20%) ISO/IEC 20000
11 6 (0.17%) COREP
11 6 (0.17%) ISO 9001
12 5 (0.14%) DICOM
12 5 (0.14%) HL7
13 4 (0.11%) FINREP
13 4 (0.11%) NIST
13 4 (0.11%) WCAG
System Software
1 329 (9.18%) Docker
2 160 (4.46%) Active Directory
3 51 (1.42%) VMware Infrastructure
4 39 (1.09%) HDFS
5 34 (0.95%) Oracle RAC
6 30 (0.84%) Hyper-V
7 17 (0.47%) Virtual Machines
8 12 (0.33%) Microsoft App-V
9 10 (0.28%) Oracle Clusterware
10 9 (0.25%) vSphere
11 7 (0.20%) Apache ZooKeeper
11 7 (0.20%) GlusterFS
11 7 (0.20%) XenApp
12 6 (0.17%) VMware NSX
13 4 (0.11%) Active Directory Lightweight Directory Services
13 4 (0.11%) LXC
13 4 (0.11%) VMware ESXi
14 3 (0.084%) GridGain
14 3 (0.084%) vCloud
14 3 (0.084%) Xen
Systems Management
1 315 (8.79%) Kubernetes
2 100 (2.79%) Terraform
3 97 (2.71%) Ansible
4 56 (1.56%) Puppet
5 45 (1.26%) Prometheus
6 44 (1.23%) SCCM
7 40 (1.12%) Oracle RMAN
8 34 (0.95%) Data Guard
9 30 (0.84%) Grafana
9 30 (0.84%) Kibana
9 30 (0.84%) Nagios
9 30 (0.84%) Opscode Chef
10 22 (0.61%) HP Quality Center
11 18 (0.50%) logstash
11 18 (0.50%) Netcool
12 17 (0.47%) Single Sign-On
13 16 (0.45%) Microsoft Intune
14 15 (0.42%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
15 14 (0.39%) HP ALM
16 13 (0.36%) Tivoli
Vendors
1 823 (22.96%) Oracle
2 634 (17.68%) Microsoft
3 147 (4.10%) Google
4 140 (3.91%) SAP
5 114 (3.18%) Databricks
6 78 (2.18%) IBM
7 70 (1.95%) Informatica
7 70 (1.95%) Splunk
8 69 (1.92%) VMware
9 66 (1.84%) Sybase
10 62 (1.73%) Bloomberg
11 51 (1.42%) Salesforce.com
12 48 (1.34%) Cloudera
13 47 (1.31%) Red Hat
13 47 (1.31%) Talend
13 47 (1.31%) webMethods
14 44 (1.23%) HP
15 39 (1.09%) Teradata
16 37 (1.03%) Atlassian
17 30 (0.84%) BEA