Period
to 23 September 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for SQL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited SQL over the 6 months to 23 September 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

SQL (Structured Query Language)
UK > England
6 months to
23 Sep 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 6 6 5
Rank change year-on-year 0 -1 0
Contract jobs citing SQL 12,161 11,799 13,184
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 13.16% 13.10% 13.25%
As % of the Programming Languages category 29.34% 31.31% 33.09%
Number of daily rates quoted 8,587 8,154 9,134
England median daily rate £450 £425 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.88% +6.25% +3.23%
10th Percentile £300 £286 £263
90th Percentile £625 £613 £575
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £400
% change year-on-year +5.88% +6.25% +5.26%
Number of hourly rates quoted 163 214 263
England median hourly rate £25.00 £28.56 £29.88
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -12.46% -4.42% +14.72%
10th Percentile £12.75 £12.58 £13.20
90th Percentile £57.06 £50.18 £47.38
UK median hourly rate £24.04 £27.16 £29.00
% change year-on-year -11.49% -6.34% +10.29%

SQL is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 41,449 37,687 39,839
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 44.85% 41.85% 40.04%
Number of daily rates quoted 29,411 26,231 27,708
England median daily rate £475 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +6.25%
10th Percentile £318 £306 £285
90th Percentile £638 £625 £594
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £425
% change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 653 727 845
England median hourly rate £42.25 £40.00 £37.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +5.63% +6.67% +2.74%
10th Percentile £17.55 £15.92 £14.46
90th Percentile £52.50 £53.75 £51.56
UK median hourly rate £41.53 £40.00 £37.50
% change year-on-year +3.83% +6.67% +3.59%

SQL
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing SQL as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for SQL in England

SQL
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing SQL in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for SQL in England

SQL
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing SQL in England over the 6 months to 23 September 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for SQL in England

SQL
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing SQL in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for SQL in England

SQL
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing SQL in England over the 6 months to 23 September 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for SQL in England

SQL
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing SQL within the England region over the 6 months to 23 September 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +2 6,344 £500 +5.26% 1,578
South East -1 1,913 £420 +8.95% 833
North of England -2 1,560 £375 - 940
Midlands +1 1,020 £388 +10.71% 603
North West -1 786 £375 - 502
South West -1 729 £400 +6.67% 392
Yorkshire -1 629 £400 +6.67% 357
West Midlands +1 616 £394 +6.78% 335
East of England -1 574 £401 +8.98% 327
East Midlands +5 400 £388 +10.71% 268
North East +1 146 £346 -7.73% 81
South Coast - 2 - -
SQL
UK

For the 6 months to 23 September 2018, IT contractor jobs citing SQL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for SQL.

1 3,754 (30.87%) Agile Software Development
2 3,603 (29.63%) SQL Server
3 3,143 (25.84%) C#
4 2,934 (24.13%) .NET
5 2,826 (23.24%) Finance
6 2,447 (20.12%) Oracle
7 2,386 (19.62%) Microsoft
8 2,383 (19.60%) Java
9 2,052 (16.87%) JavaScript
10 1,731 (14.23%) Business Intelligence
11 1,661 (13.66%) Microsoft Azure
12 1,617 (13.30%) Python
13 1,584 (13.03%) Windows
14 1,459 (12.00%) Linux
15 1,441 (11.85%) TDD
16 1,422 (11.69%) T-SQL
17 1,389 (11.42%) HTML
18 1,379 (11.34%) ETL
19 1,376 (11.31%) SQL Server Integration Services
20 1,358 (11.17%) Data Warehouse
21 1,256 (10.33%) Scrum
22 1,235 (10.16%) Analytics
23 1,202 (9.88%) Unix
24 1,199 (9.86%) Banking
25 1,193 (9.81%) MVC
26 1,147 (9.43%) Git (software)
27 1,145 (9.42%) ASP.NET
28 1,132 (9.31%) XML
29 1,129 (9.28%) Test Automation
30 1,125 (9.25%) Analytical Skills

SQL
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 494 (4.06%) Apache Spark
2 346 (2.85%) Apache
3 317 (2.61%) IIS
4 303 (2.49%) Confluence
5 296 (2.43%) SharePoint
6 245 (2.01%) SAS
7 236 (1.94%) Elasticsearch
8 226 (1.86%) WebLogic
9 204 (1.68%) Tomcat
10 182 (1.50%) CMS
11 157 (1.29%) WebSphere
12 152 (1.25%) MS Exchange
13 125 (1.03%) JBoss
14 96 (0.79%) Oracle SOA Suite
15 85 (0.70%) Oracle Workflow
16 77 (0.63%) NServiceBus
17 76 (0.62%) nginx
18 70 (0.58%) BizTalk Server
19 67 (0.55%) Exchange Server 2010
20 51 (0.42%) Apache Solr
Applications
1 764 (6.28%) Microsoft Excel
2 203 (1.67%) Microsoft Office
3 121 (0.99%) MS Visio
4 94 (0.77%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 58 (0.48%) Spreadsheet
6 51 (0.42%) Microsoft Project
7 37 (0.30%) SPSS
8 21 (0.17%) Photoshop
9 9 (0.074%) Chatbot
10 8 (0.066%) Stata
11 7 (0.058%) Windchill
12 6 (0.049%) Acrobat
12 6 (0.049%) Adobe Illustrator
12 6 (0.049%) AutoCAD
13 5 (0.041%) Autodesk Inventor
14 3 (0.025%) InfoPath
14 3 (0.025%) Mozilla Thunderbird
15 2 (0.016%) GNU Octave
15 2 (0.016%) Mathematica
16 1 (0.008%) InVision
Business Applications
1 138 (1.13%) Dynamics CRM
2 93 (0.76%) Oracle EBS
3 77 (0.63%) Oracle EBS R12
4 70 (0.58%) Dynamics AX
5 69 (0.57%) Markit EDM
6 46 (0.38%) Oracle Receivables
7 42 (0.35%) Salesforce.com CRM
8 41 (0.34%) Oracle Payables
9 38 (0.31%) Remedy ITSM
10 37 (0.30%) thinkFolio
11 36 (0.30%) Oracle BPM
12 35 (0.29%) Oracle Financials
13 30 (0.25%) Maximo
13 30 (0.25%) Oracle General Ledger
14 26 (0.21%) Oracle ERP
14 26 (0.21%) Sage 200
15 24 (0.20%) ION MarketView
16 22 (0.18%) Dynamics NAV
17 21 (0.17%) Oracle Applications
17 21 (0.17%) SAP Oil and Gas
Cloud Services
1 1,661 (13.66%) Microsoft Azure
2 1,097 (9.02%) Amazon AWS
3 247 (2.03%) Google Cloud Platform
4 213 (1.75%) Office 365
5 210 (1.73%) PaaS
6 202 (1.66%) GitHub
7 200 (1.64%) Amazon EC2
8 187 (1.54%) Amazon S3
9 163 (1.34%) IaaS
10 149 (1.23%) SaaS
11 140 (1.15%) Cloud Computing
12 121 (0.99%) Azure Data Factory
13 113 (0.93%) Google Analytics
14 106 (0.87%) Serverless
15 103 (0.85%) Dynamics 365
16 98 (0.81%) Virtual Private Cloud
17 91 (0.75%) Amazon EMR
18 86 (0.71%) Azure Active Directory
19 65 (0.53%) npm
20 52 (0.43%) OpenShift
Communications & Networking
1 254 (2.09%) Firewall
2 227 (1.87%) HTTP
3 176 (1.45%) Internet
4 173 (1.42%) TCP/IP
5 164 (1.35%) DNS
6 127 (1.04%) SAN
7 125 (1.03%) SSL
8 109 (0.90%) LAN
9 83 (0.68%) WAN
10 82 (0.67%) DHCP
11 79 (0.65%) SMS
12 69 (0.57%) VPN
13 50 (0.41%) FTP
14 43 (0.35%) AMQP
14 43 (0.35%) Kerberos
15 40 (0.33%) VLAN
16 39 (0.32%) NAS
17 38 (0.31%) Intranet
18 37 (0.30%) Skype
19 32 (0.26%) HTTPS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 3,603 (29.63%) SQL Server
2 1,376 (11.31%) SQL Server Integration Services
3 1,358 (11.17%) Data Warehouse
4 1,030 (8.47%) SQL Server Reporting Services
5 981 (8.07%) NoSQL
6 978 (8.04%) Relational Database
7 767 (6.31%) Big Data
8 692 (5.69%) Power BI
9 617 (5.07%) Hadoop
10 604 (4.97%) MySQL
11 600 (4.93%) PostgreSQL
12 537 (4.42%) SQL Server Analysis Services
13 521 (4.28%) MongoDB
14 497 (4.09%) Oracle Database
15 342 (2.81%) SQL Server 2012
16 336 (2.76%) Apache Hive
16 336 (2.76%) SQL Server 2008
17 316 (2.60%) Azure SQL Database
18 301 (2.48%) RDBMS
19 296 (2.43%) SQL Server 2016
Development Applications
1 1,147 (9.43%) Git (software)
2 898 (7.38%) JIRA
3 733 (6.03%) Jenkins
4 547 (4.50%) Visual Studio
5 514 (4.23%) Team Foundation Server
6 506 (4.16%) Selenium
7 348 (2.86%) Cucumber
8 332 (2.73%) TeamCity
9 319 (2.62%) Maven
10 310 (2.55%) Subversion
11 268 (2.20%) JUnit
12 266 (2.19%) Visual Studio Team System
13 217 (1.78%) SpecFlow
14 168 (1.38%) Eclipse
15 167 (1.37%) NUnit
16 148 (1.22%) SoapUI
17 139 (1.14%) Toad
18 135 (1.11%) Octopus Deploy
19 125 (1.03%) JMeter
20 121 (0.99%) Bitbucket
General
1 2,826 (23.24%) Finance
2 1,199 (9.86%) Banking
3 597 (4.91%) Front Office
4 428 (3.52%) Retail
5 373 (3.07%) Investment Banking
6 320 (2.63%) Marketing
7 177 (1.46%) Telecoms
8 172 (1.41%) Back Office
9 154 (1.27%) Financial Institution
10 152 (1.25%) Legal
11 142 (1.17%) Advertising
12 132 (1.09%) Manufacturing
13 107 (0.88%) Law
14 79 (0.65%) Publishing
15 73 (0.60%) Games
16 55 (0.45%) General Ledger
17 50 (0.41%) Electronics
18 42 (0.35%) Retail Banking
19 38 (0.31%) Automotive
20 31 (0.25%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 6,110 (50.24%) Developer
2 1,879 (15.45%) Analyst
3 1,313 (10.80%) .NET Developer
4 1,259 (10.35%) C# Developer
5 1,244 (10.23%) SQL Developer
6 872 (7.17%) Java Developer
7 633 (5.21%) C# .NET Developer
8 563 (4.63%) Senior Developer
9 523 (4.30%) Data Analyst
10 494 (4.06%) Architect
11 485 (3.99%) Consultant
12 435 (3.58%) Business Intelligence Developer
13 416 (3.42%) Data Engineer
14 388 (3.19%) Full Stack Developer
15 371 (3.05%) Test Analyst
16 367 (3.02%) DBA
17 321 (2.64%) SQL Analyst
18 315 (2.59%) Business Analyst
19 308 (2.53%) ASP.NET Developer
20 268 (2.20%) Tester
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 2,934 (24.13%) .NET
2 1,389 (11.42%) HTML
3 1,145 (9.42%) ASP.NET
4 1,132 (9.31%) XML
5 1,099 (9.04%) Web Services
6 1,082 (8.90%) CSS
7 1,031 (8.48%) AngularJS
8 732 (6.02%) REST
9 717 (5.90%) Spring
10 700 (5.76%) .NET Framework
11 686 (5.64%) ASP.NET Web API
12 563 (4.63%) jQuery
13 518 (4.26%) ASP.NET MVC
13 518 (4.26%) WCF
14 483 (3.97%) JSON
15 482 (3.96%) Node.js
16 466 (3.83%) RESTful
17 435 (3.58%) Entity Framework
18 432 (3.55%) SOAP
19 416 (3.42%) HTML5
Miscellaneous
1 1,125 (9.25%) Analytical Skills
2 594 (4.88%) Greenfield Project
3 399 (3.28%) Computer Science
4 380 (3.12%) Fixed Income
5 259 (2.13%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
6 246 (2.02%) Algorithms
7 245 (2.01%) Derivative
7 245 (2.01%) Enterprise Software
8 230 (1.89%) Data Structures
9 222 (1.83%) Fintech
10 219 (1.80%) Self-Motivation
11 208 (1.71%) User Experience
12 181 (1.49%) Management Information System
13 155 (1.27%) Mobile App
14 136 (1.12%) Replication
15 133 (1.09%) Clustering
15 133 (1.09%) Equities
16 129 (1.06%) Data Centre
17 115 (0.95%) Hedge funds
18 102 (0.84%) Credit Risk
Operating Systems
1 1,584 (13.03%) Windows
2 1,459 (12.00%) Linux
3 1,202 (9.88%) Unix
4 598 (4.92%) Windows Server
5 199 (1.64%) Windows Server 2012
6 176 (1.45%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 174 (1.43%) Windows Server 2008
8 124 (1.02%) Windows 10
9 107 (0.88%) Apple iOS
10 93 (0.76%) Solaris
11 92 (0.76%) Android
12 79 (0.65%) Windows Server 2003
13 77 (0.63%) AIX
14 75 (0.62%) Windows 7
15 67 (0.55%) CentOS
16 62 (0.51%) Ubuntu
17 43 (0.35%) VMS
18 25 (0.21%) OpenVMS
19 22 (0.18%) VME
20 21 (0.17%) Windows XP
Processes & Methodologies
1 3,754 (30.87%) Agile Software Development
2 1,731 (14.23%) Business Intelligence
3 1,441 (11.85%) TDD
4 1,379 (11.34%) ETL
5 1,256 (10.33%) Scrum
6 1,235 (10.16%) Analytics
7 1,193 (9.81%) MVC
8 1,129 (9.28%) Test Automation
9 1,077 (8.86%) Problem-Solving
10 936 (7.70%) Continuous Integration
11 914 (7.52%) Migration
12 895 (7.36%) DevOps
13 872 (7.17%) Data Modelling
14 798 (6.56%) BDD
15 706 (5.81%) SDLC
16 705 (5.80%) Microservices
17 635 (5.22%) Software Engineering
18 633 (5.21%) OO
19 621 (5.11%) Data Analysis
20 535 (4.40%) Unit Testing
Programming Languages
1 3,143 (25.84%) C#
2 2,383 (19.60%) Java
3 2,052 (16.87%) JavaScript
4 1,617 (13.30%) Python
5 1,422 (11.69%) T-SQL
6 985 (8.10%) PL/SQL
7 628 (5.16%) PowerShell
8 470 (3.86%) Shell Script
9 400 (3.29%) C++
10 373 (3.07%) Scala
11 331 (2.72%) VBA
12 328 (2.70%) R
13 322 (2.65%) Perl
14 308 (2.53%) Java 8
15 281 (2.31%) PHP
16 266 (2.19%) Bash Shell
17 262 (2.15%) VB.NET
18 245 (2.01%) VB
19 242 (1.99%) Ruby
20 222 (1.83%) C
Qualifications
1 704 (5.79%) Security Cleared
2 652 (5.36%) Degree
3 521 (4.28%) SC Cleared
4 209 (1.72%) ISTQB
5 188 (1.55%) ISEB
6 153 (1.26%) Computer Science Degree
7 136 (1.12%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
8 99 (0.81%) Microsoft Certification
9 96 (0.79%) DV Cleared
10 47 (0.39%) Master's Degree
11 46 (0.38%) MCSE
12 42 (0.35%) BPSS Clearance
13 37 (0.30%) Numerate Degree
14 35 (0.29%) PhD
15 31 (0.25%) Cisco Certification
16 29 (0.24%) ITIL Certification
17 27 (0.22%) Oracle Certification
18 24 (0.20%) CCNA
19 23 (0.19%) MCSA
20 21 (0.17%) Novell Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 543 (4.47%) QA
2 413 (3.40%) Data Quality
3 130 (1.07%) GDPR
4 82 (0.67%) SLA
5 47 (0.39%) PMO
6 38 (0.31%) MiFID
7 20 (0.16%) IFRS
8 17 (0.14%) EMIR
9 15 (0.12%) Dodd-Frank
10 14 (0.12%) ISO/IEC 27001
11 13 (0.11%) IFRS 9
12 12 (0.099%) Solvency II
13 10 (0.082%) Basel III
13 10 (0.082%) HL7
13 10 (0.082%) PCI DSS
14 9 (0.074%) Sarbanes-Oxley
14 9 (0.074%) WCAG
15 6 (0.049%) ISO 9001
15 6 (0.049%) SEPA
16 5 (0.041%) Disclosure Scotland
System Software
1 550 (4.52%) Docker
2 522 (4.29%) Active Directory
3 276 (2.27%) VMware Infrastructure
4 204 (1.68%) Hyper-V
5 109 (0.90%) HDFS
6 78 (0.64%) VMware ESXi
7 76 (0.62%) XenApp
8 75 (0.62%) vSphere
9 66 (0.54%) Virtual Machines
10 62 (0.51%) Oracle RAC
11 57 (0.47%) Microsoft App-V
12 35 (0.29%) XenDesktop
13 30 (0.25%) Apache Flume
14 20 (0.16%) Xen
15 19 (0.16%) Virtual Servers
16 17 (0.14%) etcd
17 14 (0.12%) Apache ZooKeeper
18 13 (0.11%) VMware Workstation
19 12 (0.099%) BitLocker
19 12 (0.099%) Ceph
Systems Management
1 288 (2.37%) Ansible
2 267 (2.20%) Puppet
3 233 (1.92%) Opscode Chef
4 226 (1.86%) Kubernetes
5 183 (1.50%) SCCM
6 110 (0.90%) Terraform
7 107 (0.88%) SCOM
8 95 (0.78%) Oozie
9 93 (0.76%) Kibana
10 77 (0.63%) Hadoop YARN
11 70 (0.58%) Microsoft Clustering
12 67 (0.55%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
13 66 (0.54%) Single Sign-On
14 59 (0.49%) Grafana
15 49 (0.40%) HP ALM
16 48 (0.39%) Data Guard
17 44 (0.36%) logstash
18 43 (0.35%) NetBackup
18 43 (0.35%) WSUS
19 39 (0.32%) Prometheus
Vendors
1 2,447 (20.12%) Oracle
2 2,386 (19.62%) Microsoft
3 486 (4.00%) Tableau
4 458 (3.77%) VMware
5 392 (3.22%) SAP
6 381 (3.13%) Google
7 299 (2.46%) IBM
8 227 (1.87%) Citrix
9 201 (1.65%) HP
10 185 (1.52%) Informatica
11 155 (1.27%) Salesforce.com
12 154 (1.27%) Red Hat
13 142 (1.17%) Splunk
14 139 (1.14%) Cisco
15 131 (1.08%) webMethods
16 126 (1.04%) Teradata
17 110 (0.90%) Cloudera
18 108 (0.89%) Sybase
19 99 (0.81%) Talend
19 99 (0.81%) TIBCO