Period
to 28 May 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for SQL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited SQL over the 6 months to 28 May 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

SQL (Structured Query Language)
UK > England
6 months to
28 May 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 6 4 6
Rank change year-on-year -2 +2 0
Contract jobs citing SQL 5,446 10,833 11,826
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 13.00% 13.06% 12.83%
As % of the Programming Languages category 31.33% 30.27% 29.58%
Number of daily rates quoted 3,826 7,774 8,297
Median daily rate £475 £450 £440
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% +2.27% +6.67%
10th Percentile £313 £310 £293
90th Percentile £650 £633 £613
UK median daily rate £454 £450 £430
% change year-on-year +0.89% +4.65% +7.37%
Number of hourly rates quoted 109 126 196
Median hourly rate £32.29 £30.75 £26.78
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +5.01% +14.85% -33.06%
10th Percentile £14.95 £14.82 £12.75
90th Percentile £50.00 £58.75 £50.63
UK median hourly rate £30.14 £27.33 £26.60
% change year-on-year +10.30% +2.74% -33.51%

SQL is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 17,380 35,791 39,983
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 41.48% 43.14% 43.39%
Number of daily rates quoted 11,836 25,013 28,103
Median daily rate £500 £484 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +3.31% +1.89% +6.26%
10th Percentile £325 £325 £313
90th Percentile £675 £650 £638
UK median daily rate £488 £475 £463
% change year-on-year +2.63% +2.70% +7.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 360 605 728
Median hourly rate £35.00 £43.00 £41.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -18.60% +4.88% -1.20%
10th Percentile £18.25 £18.16 £17.52
90th Percentile £57.50 £55.00 £52.50
Median hourly rate £35.00 £42.50 £40.00
% change year-on-year -17.65% +6.25% -3.61%

SQL
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing SQL as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for SQL in England

SQL
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing SQL in England.

Daily rate trend for SQL in England

SQL
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing SQL in England over the 6 months to 28 May 2020.

Daily rate histogram for SQL in England

SQL
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing SQL in England.

Hourly rate trend for SQL in England

SQL
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing SQL in England over the 6 months to 28 May 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for SQL in England

SQL
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing SQL within the England region over the 6 months to 28 May 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -1 2,762 £500 - 362
South East +1 963 £463 +8.82% 180
North of England -7 632 £400 +1.27% 213
Midlands +1 479 £425 +6.25% 147
North West -6 338 £400 - 131
South West -6 335 £425 - 99
West Midlands +2 319 £450 +12.50% 98
East of England -1 238 £425 - 96
Yorkshire -3 229 £400 +1.91% 64
East Midlands -2 157 £400 +3.90% 49
North East -11 65 £425 +13.33% 18
South Coast - 1 - -
SQL
UK

For the 6 months to 28 May 2020, IT contractor jobs citing SQL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for SQL.

1 1,736 (31.88%) Agile Software Development
2 1,403 (25.76%) SQL Server
3 1,369 (25.14%) Azure
4 1,154 (21.19%) Finance
5 1,146 (21.04%) Oracle
6 1,132 (20.79%) Microsoft
7 1,117 (20.51%) Java
8 1,110 (20.38%) C#
9 1,077 (19.78%) Business Intelligence
10 1,055 (19.37%) .NET
11 984 (18.07%) Python
12 892 (16.38%) DevOps
13 830 (15.24%) JavaScript
14 753 (13.83%) Analytics
15 720 (13.22%) AWS
16 715 (13.13%) ETL
17 712 (13.07%) Windows
18 690 (12.67%) Data Warehouse
19 673 (12.36%) Migration
20 656 (12.05%) Power Platform
21 646 (11.86%) Power BI
22 640 (11.75%) SQL Server Integration Services
23 621 (11.40%) Security Cleared
24 611 (11.22%) Data Modelling
25 602 (11.05%) T-SQL
26 565 (10.37%) Git (software)
27 546 (10.03%) Analytical Skills
28 520 (9.55%) PL/SQL
28 520 (9.55%) Linux
29 518 (9.51%) Scrum

SQL
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 274 (5.03%) Apache Spark
2 189 (3.47%) Confluence
3 185 (3.40%) WebLogic
4 181 (3.32%) SharePoint
5 137 (2.52%) Apache
6 127 (2.33%) IIS
7 95 (1.74%) SAS
8 94 (1.73%) Tomcat
9 63 (1.16%) Oracle SOA Suite
10 56 (1.03%) WebSphere
11 42 (0.77%) Elasticsearch
12 40 (0.73%) MS Exchange
13 38 (0.70%) CMS
14 36 (0.66%) JBoss
15 32 (0.59%) Oracle Workflow
16 27 (0.50%) BizTalk Server
17 26 (0.48%) Apache Airflow
18 24 (0.44%) Red Hat Fuse
19 20 (0.37%) Jupyter
19 20 (0.37%) MQSeries
Applications
1 397 (7.29%) Microsoft Excel
2 120 (2.20%) Microsoft Office
3 26 (0.48%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 21 (0.39%) Microsoft Project
4 21 (0.39%) MS Visio
5 18 (0.33%) Spreadsheet
6 8 (0.15%) Photoshop
7 7 (0.13%) Acrobat
8 6 (0.11%) RoboHelp
9 5 (0.092%) SPSS
10 4 (0.073%) Chatbot
10 4 (0.073%) Stata
11 3 (0.055%) InfoPath
12 2 (0.037%) Adobe XD
12 2 (0.037%) Camtasia
12 2 (0.037%) MadCap Flare
13 1 (0.018%) EngageOne
13 1 (0.018%) Figma
13 1 (0.018%) SOLIDWORKS
Business Applications
1 89 (1.63%) Dynamics CRM
2 54 (0.99%) Oracle Payables
3 52 (0.95%) Oracle EBS
4 40 (0.73%) Maximo
4 40 (0.73%) Oracle Receivables
5 33 (0.61%) Oracle Cash Management
6 23 (0.42%) Oracle ERP
7 22 (0.40%) Markit EDM
8 20 (0.37%) Oracle Applications
9 18 (0.33%) PolarLake
10 16 (0.29%) Salesforce.com CRM
11 13 (0.24%) Oracle EBS R12
12 11 (0.20%) Dynamics AX
12 11 (0.20%) Eagle PACE
12 11 (0.20%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
12 11 (0.20%) Unit4 Business World
13 10 (0.18%) Elite 3E
13 10 (0.18%) Oracle Financials
13 10 (0.18%) SAP S/4HANA
14 9 (0.17%) Dynamics NAV
Cloud Services
1 1,369 (25.14%) Azure
2 720 (13.22%) AWS
3 656 (12.05%) Power Platform
4 246 (4.52%) GCP
5 188 (3.45%) PaaS
6 144 (2.64%) Azure Data Factory
7 136 (2.50%) Serverless
8 133 (2.44%) SaaS
9 127 (2.33%) Office 365
10 116 (2.13%) IaaS
11 100 (1.84%) Dynamics 365
12 98 (1.80%) GitHub
13 71 (1.30%) AWS Lambda
14 55 (1.01%) Azure Functions
15 54 (0.99%) Amazon S3
15 54 (0.99%) Azure Active Directory
16 46 (0.84%) Amazon EC2
17 38 (0.70%) Cloud Computing
18 37 (0.68%) Logic Apps
19 33 (0.61%) PowerApps
Communications & Networking
1 111 (2.04%) DNS
2 101 (1.85%) Firewall
3 70 (1.29%) SSL
4 69 (1.27%) HTTP
5 63 (1.16%) SAN
6 57 (1.05%) DHCP
7 50 (0.92%) WAN
8 48 (0.88%) TCP/IP
9 40 (0.73%) LAN
10 37 (0.68%) HTTPS
11 30 (0.55%) Internet
12 29 (0.53%) VPN
13 28 (0.51%) Network Security
14 25 (0.46%) Skype
15 20 (0.37%) Kerberos
16 17 (0.31%) FTP
16 17 (0.31%) MPLS
17 15 (0.28%) VoIP
18 13 (0.24%) RTMP
19 12 (0.22%) Intranet
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,403 (25.76%) SQL Server
2 690 (12.67%) Data Warehouse
3 646 (11.86%) Power BI
4 640 (11.75%) SQL Server Integration Services
5 410 (7.53%) SQL Server Reporting Services
6 396 (7.27%) NoSQL
7 387 (7.11%) Big Data
8 371 (6.81%) Relational Database
9 264 (4.85%) Azure SQL Database
10 250 (4.59%) Oracle Database
11 248 (4.55%) Data Lake
12 245 (4.50%) SQL Server Analysis Services
13 238 (4.37%) Hadoop
14 233 (4.28%) PostgreSQL
15 220 (4.04%) MySQL
16 175 (3.21%) MongoDB
17 126 (2.31%) SQL Server 2016
18 117 (2.15%) RDBMS
19 115 (2.11%) Amazon Redshift
20 102 (1.87%) Apache Hive
Development Applications
1 565 (10.37%) Git (software)
2 397 (7.29%) JIRA
3 353 (6.48%) Jenkins
4 214 (3.93%) Visual Studio
5 186 (3.42%) Team Foundation Server
6 181 (3.32%) Selenium
7 149 (2.74%) Maven
8 130 (2.39%) Cucumber
9 127 (2.33%) JUnit
10 113 (2.07%) Subversion
11 111 (2.04%) Bitbucket
12 110 (2.02%) TeamCity
13 93 (1.71%) GitLab
14 76 (1.40%) Artifactory
15 72 (1.32%) SoapUI
16 71 (1.30%) SpecFlow
17 70 (1.29%) SQL Server Management Studio (SSMS)
18 66 (1.21%) Eclipse
19 63 (1.16%) Postman
20 60 (1.10%) Visual Studio Team System
General
1 1,154 (21.19%) Finance
2 407 (7.47%) Banking
3 336 (6.17%) Public Sector
4 258 (4.74%) Front Office
5 150 (2.75%) Investment Banking
6 143 (2.63%) Retail
7 101 (1.85%) Marketing
8 82 (1.51%) Legal
9 78 (1.43%) Back Office
10 72 (1.32%) Law
11 71 (1.30%) Telecoms
12 55 (1.01%) Manufacturing
13 51 (0.94%) General Ledger
14 42 (0.77%) Local Government
15 38 (0.70%) Pharmaceutical
16 29 (0.53%) Financial Institution
17 27 (0.50%) Publishing
18 20 (0.37%) Advertising
18 20 (0.37%) Electronics
19 18 (0.33%) Police
Job Titles
1 2,306 (42.34%) Developer
2 776 (14.25%) Analyst
3 448 (8.23%) SQL Developer
4 371 (6.81%) Data Engineer
5 365 (6.70%) .NET Developer
6 361 (6.63%) Java Developer
7 322 (5.91%) Architect
7 322 (5.91%) C# Developer
8 262 (4.81%) Data Analyst
9 236 (4.33%) Consultant
10 235 (4.32%) Business Intelligence Developer
11 192 (3.53%) DBA
12 174 (3.20%) Senior Developer
13 151 (2.77%) C# .NET Developer
14 138 (2.53%) SQL Analyst
15 137 (2.52%) Business Analyst
16 136 (2.50%) Software Engineer
17 133 (2.44%) Azure Engineer
18 127 (2.33%) DevOps Engineer
19 125 (2.30%) Python Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,055 (19.37%) .NET
2 474 (8.70%) HTML
3 452 (8.30%) XML
4 437 (8.02%) Web Services
5 385 (7.07%) CSS
6 377 (6.92%) AngularJS
7 327 (6.00%) REST
8 313 (5.75%) ASP.NET
9 263 (4.83%) Spring
10 239 (4.39%) JSON
11 230 (4.22%) React
12 222 (4.08%) SOAP
13 214 (3.93%) RESTful
14 212 (3.89%) .NET Framework
15 207 (3.80%) .NET Core
16 198 (3.64%) Node.js
17 178 (3.27%) jQuery
18 149 (2.74%) Kafka
19 131 (2.41%) J2EE
20 130 (2.39%) Spring Boot
Miscellaneous
1 546 (10.03%) Analytical Skills
2 178 (3.27%) Fixed Income
3 164 (3.01%) Greenfield Project
4 132 (2.42%) Derivative
5 131 (2.41%) Data Structures
6 118 (2.17%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
7 116 (2.13%) User Experience
8 112 (2.06%) Management Information System
9 109 (2.00%) Hedge funds
10 93 (1.71%) Algorithms
10 93 (1.71%) Data Centre
11 90 (1.65%) Self-Motivation
12 78 (1.43%) NHS
13 74 (1.36%) Public Cloud
14 66 (1.21%) Replication
15 60 (1.10%) Enterprise Software
16 59 (1.08%) Credit Risk
17 52 (0.95%) Clustering
17 52 (0.95%) Equities
17 52 (0.95%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 712 (13.07%) Windows
2 520 (9.55%) Linux
3 399 (7.33%) Unix
4 268 (4.92%) Windows Server
5 88 (1.62%) Windows Server 2012
6 81 (1.49%) Windows Server 2008
7 79 (1.45%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 72 (1.32%) Windows Server 2016
9 44 (0.81%) Windows 10
10 33 (0.61%) Solaris
11 31 (0.57%) AIX
12 27 (0.50%) VMS
12 27 (0.50%) Windows 7
12 27 (0.50%) Windows Server 2003
13 24 (0.44%) Ubuntu
13 24 (0.44%) Windows Server 2019
14 21 (0.39%) Android
15 17 (0.31%) Apple iOS
15 17 (0.31%) Windows XP
16 13 (0.24%) CentOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,736 (31.88%) Agile Software Development
2 1,077 (19.78%) Business Intelligence
3 892 (16.38%) DevOps
4 753 (13.83%) Analytics
5 715 (13.13%) ETL
6 673 (12.36%) Migration
7 611 (11.22%) Data Modelling
8 518 (9.51%) Scrum
9 500 (9.18%) Test Automation
10 445 (8.17%) Problem-Solving
11 415 (7.62%) Microservices
12 399 (7.33%) TDD
13 379 (6.96%) Continuous Integration
14 365 (6.70%) Visualisation
15 352 (6.46%) Data Analysis
16 320 (5.88%) Software Engineering
17 302 (5.55%) SDLC
18 282 (5.18%) Data Migration
19 274 (5.03%) MVC
20 238 (4.37%) Data Science
Programming Languages
1 1,117 (20.51%) Java
2 1,110 (20.38%) C#
3 984 (18.07%) Python
4 830 (15.24%) JavaScript
5 602 (11.05%) T-SQL
6 520 (9.55%) PL/SQL
7 390 (7.16%) PowerShell
8 250 (4.59%) Shell Script
9 237 (4.35%) R
10 204 (3.75%) Scala
11 178 (3.27%) VBA
12 135 (2.48%) Bash Shell
13 127 (2.33%) TypeScript
14 122 (2.24%) C++
15 117 (2.15%) VB
16 114 (2.09%) Perl
17 111 (2.04%) Java 8
18 104 (1.91%) VB.NET
19 90 (1.65%) C
20 80 (1.47%) Ruby
Qualifications
1 621 (11.40%) Security Cleared
2 511 (9.38%) SC Cleared
3 311 (5.71%) Degree
4 93 (1.71%) Computer Science Degree
5 91 (1.67%) DV Cleared
6 58 (1.07%) ISTQB
7 52 (0.95%) ISEB
8 51 (0.94%) Microsoft Certification
9 29 (0.53%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
10 28 (0.51%) BPSS Clearance
11 27 (0.50%) Master's Degree
12 22 (0.40%) ITIL Certification
13 17 (0.31%) Numerate Degree
14 16 (0.29%) MCSE
15 15 (0.28%) Cisco Certification
15 15 (0.28%) DBS Check
15 15 (0.28%) PhD
16 14 (0.26%) ISEB Practitioner
16 14 (0.26%) MCSA
17 13 (0.24%) CCNA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 214 (3.93%) QA
2 153 (2.81%) Data Quality
3 72 (1.32%) GDPR
4 54 (0.99%) SLA
5 31 (0.57%) IFRS
6 28 (0.51%) Solvency II
7 14 (0.26%) Cyber Essentials
7 14 (0.26%) ISO/IEC 20000
7 14 (0.26%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 14 (0.26%) PMO
8 13 (0.24%) MiFID
9 12 (0.22%) HIPAA
9 12 (0.22%) WCAG
10 7 (0.13%) Basel III
11 6 (0.11%) GxP
11 6 (0.11%) HL7
11 6 (0.11%) PCI DSS
12 4 (0.073%) EMIR
13 3 (0.055%) DICOM
13 3 (0.055%) Disclosure Scotland
System Software
1 373 (6.85%) Docker
2 306 (5.62%) Active Directory
3 119 (2.19%) VMware Infrastructure
4 88 (1.62%) Virtual Machines
5 62 (1.14%) Hyper-V
6 61 (1.12%) HDFS
7 40 (0.73%) XenApp
8 37 (0.68%) Oracle RAC
9 33 (0.61%) VMware ESXi
9 33 (0.61%) vSphere
10 17 (0.31%) Virtual Servers
11 16 (0.29%) Microsoft App-V
12 13 (0.24%) Citrix Hypervisor
13 11 (0.20%) Postfix
13 11 (0.20%) XenDesktop
14 10 (0.18%) RACF
15 8 (0.15%) Oracle Clusterware
15 8 (0.15%) Terminal Services
16 7 (0.13%) VMware Server
17 6 (0.11%) Apache Flume
Systems Management
1 327 (6.00%) Kubernetes
2 116 (2.13%) Terraform
3 106 (1.95%) Ansible
4 83 (1.52%) SCCM
5 51 (0.94%) Puppet
5 51 (0.94%) SCOM
6 41 (0.75%) Opscode Chef
7 36 (0.66%) Hadoop YARN
8 33 (0.61%) Data Guard
9 26 (0.48%) Oracle RMAN
10 25 (0.46%) Microsoft Clustering
10 25 (0.46%) Prometheus
11 24 (0.44%) Kibana
12 20 (0.37%) Zipkin
13 19 (0.35%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
14 16 (0.29%) Control-M
15 15 (0.28%) Microsoft Intune
15 15 (0.28%) SCVMM
15 15 (0.28%) Single Sign-On
16 14 (0.26%) Nagios
Vendors
1 1,146 (21.04%) Oracle
2 1,132 (20.79%) Microsoft
3 285 (5.23%) Tableau
4 193 (3.54%) VMware
5 175 (3.21%) SAP
6 167 (3.07%) Google
7 115 (2.11%) IBM
8 111 (2.04%) Informatica
9 109 (2.00%) Databricks
10 104 (1.91%) Red Hat
11 92 (1.69%) Sybase
12 82 (1.51%) Citrix
13 74 (1.36%) webMethods
14 68 (1.25%) HP
15 64 (1.18%) Cloudera
16 57 (1.05%) Cisco
17 55 (1.01%) BEA
18 54 (0.99%) Bloomberg
19 53 (0.97%) Cognos
19 53 (0.97%) Splunk