Period
to 24 June 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for SQL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited SQL over the 6 months to 24 June 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

SQL (Structured Query Language)
UK > England
6 months to
24 Jun 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 4 6 5
Rank change year-on-year +2 -1 0
Contract jobs citing SQL 10,773 11,882 11,119
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 12.98% 12.98% 13.17%
As % of the Programming Languages category 30.18% 29.71% 31.73%
Number of daily rates quoted 7,634 8,229 7,622
England median daily rate £450 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.88% +6.25%
10th Percentile £311 £298 £275
90th Percentile £638 £619 £600
UK median daily rate £450 £438 £413
% change year-on-year +2.86% +6.06% +3.13%
Number of hourly rates quoted 128 182 209
England median hourly rate £33.25 £27.16 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +22.42% -32.10% +33.33%
10th Percentile £14.86 £12.75 £13.95
90th Percentile £55.30 £57.25 £50.00
UK median hourly rate £33.25 £25.00 £40.00
% change year-on-year +33.00% -37.50% +39.13%

SQL is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 35,691 39,989 35,048
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 42.99% 43.69% 41.52%
Number of daily rates quoted 24,959 28,093 24,140
England median daily rate £480 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +1.05% +5.56% +5.88%
10th Percentile £325 £313 £300
90th Percentile £650 £638 £625
UK median daily rate £475 £460 £438
% change year-on-year +3.26% +5.14% +4.17%
Number of hourly rates quoted 631 722 756
England median hourly rate £43.00 £41.50 £41.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +3.61% - +7.79%
10th Percentile £19.23 £17.52 £17.63
90th Percentile £55.00 £53.63 £53.75
UK median hourly rate £43.00 £41.00 £41.50
% change year-on-year +4.88% -1.20% +9.21%

SQL
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing SQL as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for SQL in England

SQL
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing SQL in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for SQL in England

SQL
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing SQL in England over the 6 months to 24 June 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for SQL in England

SQL
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing SQL in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for SQL in England

SQL
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing SQL in England over the 6 months to 24 June 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for SQL in England

SQL
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing SQL within the England region over the 6 months to 24 June 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London 0 5,519 £500 +1.01% 630
South East 0 1,789 £425 +6.25% 315
North of England +3 1,460 £388 +3.33% 411
Midlands 0 868 £400 +3.23% 277
North West +3 708 £375 - 206
South West -2 631 £425 +6.25% 148
Yorkshire +1 591 £400 +6.67% 159
West Midlands -2 495 £400 +3.23% 164
East of England -1 492 £425 +6.25% 142
East Midlands +1 359 £395 +1.94% 113
North East +10 157 £360 +10.94% 46
SQL
UK

For the 6 months to 24 June 2019, IT contractor jobs citing SQL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for SQL.

1 3,363 (31.22%) Agile Software Development
2 2,832 (26.29%) SQL Server
3 2,352 (21.83%) C#
4 2,261 (20.99%) Finance
5 2,217 (20.58%) Microsoft Azure
6 2,204 (20.46%) .NET
7 2,092 (19.42%) Oracle
8 2,044 (18.97%) Microsoft
9 1,963 (18.22%) Java
10 1,883 (17.48%) Python
11 1,821 (16.90%) JavaScript
12 1,778 (16.50%) Business Intelligence
13 1,404 (13.03%) ETL
14 1,383 (12.84%) Data Warehouse
15 1,319 (12.24%) Amazon AWS
16 1,293 (12.00%) Analytics
17 1,245 (11.56%) DevOps
18 1,224 (11.36%) HTML
19 1,208 (11.21%) Windows
20 1,190 (11.05%) Git (software)
21 1,189 (11.04%) SQL Server Integration Services
22 1,107 (10.28%) T-SQL
23 1,094 (10.16%) Scrum
24 1,081 (10.03%) Linux
25 1,076 (9.99%) Analytical Skills
26 995 (9.24%) Problem-Solving
27 992 (9.21%) CSS
28 986 (9.15%) Power Platform
29 966 (8.97%) Test Automation
30 965 (8.96%) NoSQL

SQL
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 588 (5.46%) Apache Spark
2 408 (3.79%) Confluence
3 365 (3.39%) SharePoint
4 294 (2.73%) Apache
5 284 (2.64%) SAS
6 257 (2.39%) IIS
7 204 (1.89%) Elasticsearch
8 200 (1.86%) WebLogic
9 139 (1.29%) CMS
9 139 (1.29%) Tomcat
10 107 (0.99%) WebSphere
11 95 (0.88%) MS Exchange
12 88 (0.82%) nginx
13 80 (0.74%) Oracle SOA Suite
14 79 (0.73%) Apache Airflow
15 76 (0.71%) JBoss
16 56 (0.52%) BizTalk Server
17 53 (0.49%) Umbraco
18 49 (0.45%) Skype for Business
19 40 (0.37%) Oracle Workflow
Applications
1 695 (6.45%) Microsoft Excel
2 238 (2.21%) Microsoft Office
3 92 (0.85%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 59 (0.55%) SPSS
5 57 (0.53%) Spreadsheet
6 47 (0.44%) MS Visio
7 37 (0.34%) Stata
8 25 (0.23%) Microsoft Project
9 10 (0.093%) InfoPath
10 9 (0.084%) Photoshop
11 4 (0.037%) Chatbot
12 3 (0.028%) CATIA
13 2 (0.019%) Siemens NX
13 2 (0.019%) Weka
14 1 (0.009%) Adobe Illustrator
14 1 (0.009%) Avid Media Composer
14 1 (0.009%) FileZilla
14 1 (0.009%) HipChat
14 1 (0.009%) LaTeX
14 1 (0.009%) Notepad++
Business Applications
1 159 (1.48%) Dynamics CRM
2 89 (0.83%) Oracle EBS
3 67 (0.62%) Oracle EBS R12
4 39 (0.36%) Dynamics NAV
4 39 (0.36%) Oracle Receivables
5 35 (0.32%) Remedy ITSM
6 32 (0.30%) Dynamics AX
6 32 (0.30%) Oracle Payables
7 29 (0.27%) Oracle BPM
8 27 (0.25%) Oracle Applications
9 25 (0.23%) Maximo
10 24 (0.22%) SAP ERP
11 23 (0.21%) Oracle Financials
12 19 (0.18%) SAP S/4HANA
13 18 (0.17%) Markit EDM
13 18 (0.17%) Oracle ERP
13 18 (0.17%) Oracle General Ledger
14 16 (0.15%) NetSuite
14 16 (0.15%) Oracle Cash Management
15 14 (0.13%) Oracle Assets
Cloud Services
1 2,217 (20.58%) Microsoft Azure
2 1,319 (12.24%) Amazon AWS
3 986 (9.15%) Power Platform
4 414 (3.84%) Google Cloud Platform
5 354 (3.29%) PaaS
6 306 (2.84%) Office 365
7 284 (2.64%) Serverless
8 254 (2.36%) GitHub
9 224 (2.08%) Azure Data Factory
10 223 (2.07%) SaaS
11 185 (1.72%) IaaS
12 167 (1.55%) Amazon S3
13 140 (1.30%) Dynamics 365
14 135 (1.25%) Azure Active Directory
15 120 (1.11%) Amazon EC2
16 115 (1.07%) Azure Functions
17 100 (0.93%) Cloud Computing
18 97 (0.90%) AWS Lambda
19 72 (0.67%) Google Analytics
20 65 (0.60%) OpenShift
Communications & Networking
1 235 (2.18%) Firewall
2 184 (1.71%) DNS
3 168 (1.56%) Internet
4 153 (1.42%) HTTP
5 147 (1.36%) SAN
6 110 (1.02%) TCP/IP
7 93 (0.86%) LAN
8 91 (0.84%) WAN
9 84 (0.78%) VPN
10 80 (0.74%) DHCP
11 64 (0.59%) FTP
12 62 (0.58%) SSL
13 42 (0.39%) NAS
14 40 (0.37%) AMQP
15 35 (0.32%) Intranet
16 34 (0.32%) MPLS
17 33 (0.31%) Kerberos
18 32 (0.30%) Cisco ASA
18 32 (0.30%) VLAN
19 28 (0.26%) Network Security
Database & Business Intelligence
1 2,832 (26.29%) SQL Server
2 1,383 (12.84%) Data Warehouse
3 1,189 (11.04%) SQL Server Integration Services
4 965 (8.96%) NoSQL
5 962 (8.93%) Power BI
6 836 (7.76%) Big Data
7 781 (7.25%) SQL Server Reporting Services
8 704 (6.53%) Relational Database
9 636 (5.90%) PostgreSQL
10 600 (5.57%) Hadoop
11 565 (5.24%) MySQL
12 561 (5.21%) Oracle Database
13 509 (4.72%) MongoDB
14 486 (4.51%) SQL Server Analysis Services
15 475 (4.41%) Azure SQL Database
16 323 (3.00%) Apache Hive
17 309 (2.87%) Data Lake
18 282 (2.62%) SQL Server 2012
19 242 (2.25%) SQL Server 2008
20 234 (2.17%) RDBMS
Development Applications
1 1,190 (11.05%) Git (software)
2 850 (7.89%) JIRA
3 783 (7.27%) Jenkins
4 456 (4.23%) Selenium
5 400 (3.71%) Visual Studio
6 382 (3.55%) Team Foundation Server
7 304 (2.82%) Cucumber
8 299 (2.78%) Maven
9 244 (2.26%) Visual Studio Team System
10 238 (2.21%) JUnit
11 206 (1.91%) Subversion
12 184 (1.71%) TeamCity
13 181 (1.68%) Bitbucket
14 146 (1.36%) SpecFlow
15 134 (1.24%) SoapUI
16 113 (1.05%) GitLab
16 113 (1.05%) Oracle Forms
17 106 (0.98%) Octopus Deploy
18 91 (0.84%) Eclipse
19 86 (0.80%) JMeter
General
1 2,261 (20.99%) Finance
2 911 (8.46%) Banking
3 415 (3.85%) Retail
4 293 (2.72%) Marketing
5 291 (2.70%) Front Office
6 285 (2.65%) Investment Banking
7 203 (1.88%) Telecoms
8 200 (1.86%) Legal
9 124 (1.15%) Back Office
10 123 (1.14%) Financial Institution
11 113 (1.05%) Law
11 113 (1.05%) Manufacturing
12 81 (0.75%) Advertising
13 70 (0.65%) Games
14 65 (0.60%) Publishing
15 62 (0.58%) Billing
16 55 (0.51%) Pharmaceutical
17 43 (0.40%) Electronics
18 41 (0.38%) Automotive
18 41 (0.38%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 4,751 (44.10%) Developer
2 1,528 (14.18%) Analyst
3 984 (9.13%) SQL Developer
4 843 (7.83%) .NET Developer
5 708 (6.57%) C# Developer
6 632 (5.87%) Java Developer
7 592 (5.50%) Data Engineer
8 562 (5.22%) Architect
9 490 (4.55%) Data Analyst
10 438 (4.07%) DBA
11 436 (4.05%) Consultant
12 411 (3.82%) Senior Developer
13 405 (3.76%) Business Intelligence Developer
14 372 (3.45%) C# .NET Developer
15 361 (3.35%) Full Stack Developer
16 311 (2.89%) Python Developer
17 295 (2.74%) SQL Analyst
18 286 (2.65%) SQL DBA
19 277 (2.57%) Test Analyst
20 259 (2.40%) Tester
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 2,204 (20.46%) .NET
2 1,224 (11.36%) HTML
3 992 (9.21%) CSS
4 941 (8.73%) AngularJS
5 817 (7.58%) Web Services
6 792 (7.35%) XML
7 697 (6.47%) ASP.NET
8 690 (6.40%) REST
9 619 (5.75%) Spring
10 583 (5.41%) RESTful
11 540 (5.01%) .NET Framework
12 531 (4.93%) JSON
13 487 (4.52%) React
14 477 (4.43%) ASP.NET Web API
15 442 (4.10%) Kafka
15 442 (4.10%) Node.js
16 423 (3.93%) SOAP
17 416 (3.86%) jQuery
18 383 (3.56%) .NET Core
18 383 (3.56%) HTML5
Miscellaneous
1 1,076 (9.99%) Analytical Skills
2 337 (3.13%) Greenfield Project
3 229 (2.13%) User Experience
4 226 (2.10%) Algorithms
5 221 (2.05%) Data Structures
6 218 (2.02%) Enterprise Software
7 211 (1.96%) Self-Motivation
8 190 (1.76%) Management Information System
9 178 (1.65%) Replication
10 165 (1.53%) Data Centre
11 163 (1.51%) Derivative
12 150 (1.39%) Fixed Income
13 121 (1.12%) Hedge funds
14 114 (1.06%) Clustering
15 113 (1.05%) NHS
16 100 (0.93%) Public Cloud
17 83 (0.77%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
17 83 (0.77%) Mobile App
18 72 (0.67%) Data Protection Act
18 72 (0.67%) Linux Command Line
Operating Systems
1 1,208 (11.21%) Windows
2 1,081 (10.03%) Linux
3 901 (8.36%) Unix
4 425 (3.95%) Windows Server
5 157 (1.46%) Windows Server 2012
6 153 (1.42%) Windows Server 2008
7 123 (1.14%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 84 (0.78%) Windows 10
9 81 (0.75%) Apple iOS
10 79 (0.73%) Android
11 73 (0.68%) Solaris
12 69 (0.64%) AIX
13 45 (0.42%) Windows 7
14 42 (0.39%) Ubuntu
15 37 (0.34%) Windows Server 2003
16 33 (0.31%) VMS
17 28 (0.26%) CentOS
18 21 (0.19%) OpenVMS
19 18 (0.17%) Mac OS
19 18 (0.17%) Oracle Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 3,363 (31.22%) Agile Software Development
2 1,778 (16.50%) Business Intelligence
3 1,404 (13.03%) ETL
4 1,293 (12.00%) Analytics
5 1,245 (11.56%) DevOps
6 1,094 (10.16%) Scrum
7 995 (9.24%) Problem-Solving
8 966 (8.97%) Test Automation
9 962 (8.93%) TDD
10 946 (8.78%) Migration
11 919 (8.53%) Data Modelling
12 807 (7.49%) Microservices
13 755 (7.01%) Continuous Integration
14 743 (6.90%) MVC
15 632 (5.87%) Data Science
16 612 (5.68%) SDLC
17 589 (5.47%) Data Analysis
18 584 (5.42%) BDD
19 580 (5.38%) Visualisation
20 569 (5.28%) Software Engineering
Programming Languages
1 2,352 (21.83%) C#
2 1,963 (18.22%) Java
3 1,883 (17.48%) Python
4 1,821 (16.90%) JavaScript
5 1,107 (10.28%) T-SQL
6 820 (7.61%) PL/SQL
7 735 (6.82%) PowerShell
8 366 (3.40%) R
8 366 (3.40%) Shell Script
9 363 (3.37%) Scala
10 316 (2.93%) VBA
11 279 (2.59%) C++
12 273 (2.53%) TypeScript
13 244 (2.26%) Perl
14 237 (2.20%) VB
15 228 (2.12%) Bash Shell
16 223 (2.07%) Java 8
17 216 (2.01%) VB.NET
18 210 (1.95%) PHP
19 203 (1.88%) C
Qualifications
1 664 (6.16%) Security Cleared
2 593 (5.50%) Degree
3 460 (4.27%) SC Cleared
4 187 (1.74%) ISTQB
5 155 (1.44%) ISEB
6 137 (1.27%) Computer Science Degree
7 134 (1.24%) DV Cleared
8 124 (1.15%) Microsoft Certification
9 96 (0.89%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
10 71 (0.66%) BPSS Clearance
11 67 (0.62%) Master's Degree
12 65 (0.60%) PhD
13 54 (0.50%) MCSE
14 43 (0.40%) MCSA
15 37 (0.34%) ITIL Certification
16 26 (0.24%) Numerate Degree
16 26 (0.24%) PMI Certification
17 25 (0.23%) Cisco Certification
18 24 (0.22%) MCITP
19 21 (0.19%) PMP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 479 (4.45%) QA
2 341 (3.17%) Data Quality
3 90 (0.84%) SLA
4 86 (0.80%) GDPR
5 25 (0.23%) PCI DSS
6 23 (0.21%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 21 (0.19%) MiFID
8 19 (0.18%) Sarbanes-Oxley
9 18 (0.17%) IFRS
10 16 (0.15%) PMO
11 12 (0.11%) Disclosure Scotland
11 12 (0.11%) IFRS 9
12 10 (0.093%) COREP
12 10 (0.093%) FINREP
12 10 (0.093%) HL7
12 10 (0.093%) Solvency II
13 8 (0.074%) Basel III
14 7 (0.065%) EMIR
15 6 (0.056%) Actionable Recommendations
15 6 (0.056%) GMP
System Software
1 791 (7.34%) Docker
2 532 (4.94%) Active Directory
3 202 (1.88%) VMware Infrastructure
4 122 (1.13%) Hyper-V
5 108 (1.00%) Oracle RAC
6 84 (0.78%) Virtual Machines
7 70 (0.65%) VMware ESXi
8 66 (0.61%) XenApp
9 65 (0.60%) HDFS
10 43 (0.40%) Apache Flume
11 35 (0.32%) vSphere
12 34 (0.32%) Microsoft App-V
13 18 (0.17%) XenDesktop
14 16 (0.15%) Ceph
15 15 (0.14%) Virtual Servers
16 14 (0.13%) etcd
16 14 (0.13%) Shibboleth
17 13 (0.12%) VMware NSX
18 12 (0.11%) flannel
18 12 (0.11%) SkyDNS
Systems Management
1 500 (4.64%) Kubernetes
2 317 (2.94%) Ansible
3 211 (1.96%) Terraform
4 187 (1.74%) Puppet
5 161 (1.49%) SCCM
6 122 (1.13%) Opscode Chef
7 78 (0.72%) SCOM
8 70 (0.65%) Oozie
9 68 (0.63%) Kibana
10 64 (0.59%) Microsoft Clustering
11 63 (0.58%) Single Sign-On
12 56 (0.52%) HP ALM
13 51 (0.47%) Hadoop YARN
14 44 (0.41%) Data Guard
15 43 (0.40%) Control-M
15 43 (0.40%) Grafana
16 39 (0.36%) Failover Clustering
17 32 (0.30%) Oracle RMAN
18 31 (0.29%) NetBackup
18 31 (0.29%) WSUS
Vendors
1 2,092 (19.42%) Oracle
2 2,044 (18.97%) Microsoft
3 578 (5.37%) Tableau
4 412 (3.82%) Google
5 384 (3.56%) VMware
6 307 (2.85%) SAP
7 240 (2.23%) IBM
8 177 (1.64%) Informatica
9 172 (1.60%) Citrix
10 143 (1.33%) HP
11 126 (1.17%) Cisco
12 125 (1.16%) Databricks
13 124 (1.15%) Salesforce.com
14 110 (1.02%) Atlassian
15 103 (0.96%) Red Hat
16 88 (0.82%) MicroStrategy
17 84 (0.78%) MuleSoft
18 82 (0.76%) ServiceNow
18 82 (0.76%) Splunk
19 81 (0.75%) webMethods