Period
to 17 January 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for SQL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited SQL over the 6 months to 17 January 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

SQL (Structured Query Language)
UK > England
6 months to
17 Jan 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 5 6 5
Rank change year-on-year +1 -1 0
Contract jobs citing SQL 11,980 11,843 11,766
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 13.15% 12.82% 13.01%
As % of the Programming Languages category 29.44% 30.23% 31.83%
Number of daily rates quoted 8,431 8,302 8,108
England median daily rate £450 £438 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.86% +9.38% -
10th Percentile £308 £288 £263
90th Percentile £625 £625 £575
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £400
% change year-on-year +5.88% +6.25% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 156 213 240
England median hourly rate £35.00 £27.00 £34.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +29.63% -20.59% +6.25%
10th Percentile £15.02 £14.00 £13.73
90th Percentile £57.50 £50.00 £50.00
UK median hourly rate £32.79 £26.78 £33.25
% change year-on-year +22.46% -19.47% +10.83%

SQL is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 40,693 39,170 36,961
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 44.68% 42.40% 40.87%
Number of daily rates quoted 28,847 27,863 25,612
England median daily rate £478 £475 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +0.53% +11.76% +2.41%
10th Percentile £325 £313 £294
90th Percentile £650 £638 £600
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £425
% change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +3.03%
Number of hourly rates quoted 597 702 781
England median hourly rate £42.50 £40.00 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +6.25% - +6.67%
10th Percentile £18.00 £16.76 £15.00
90th Percentile £52.50 £52.50 £51.25
UK median hourly rate £42.19 £40.00 £40.00
% change year-on-year +5.48% - +6.67%

SQL
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing SQL as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for SQL in England

SQL
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing SQL in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for SQL in England

SQL
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing SQL in England over the 6 months to 17 January 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for SQL in England

SQL
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing SQL in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for SQL in England

SQL
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing SQL in England over the 6 months to 17 January 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for SQL in England

SQL
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing SQL within the England region over the 6 months to 17 January 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +2 5,978 £500 +2.56% 1,698
South East 0 1,974 £425 +6.25% 869
North of England +3 1,650 £390 +4.00% 966
Midlands +1 966 £400 +6.67% 605
South West -1 862 £425 +6.25% 415
North West 0 766 £375 - 489
Yorkshire +2 715 £400 +3.23% 412
West Midlands +1 637 £400 +6.67% 354
East of England -3 519 £413 +10.00% 353
East Midlands 0 324 £400 +10.34% 250
North East +6 171 £425 - 65
South Coast +4 5 - -
SQL
UK

For the 6 months to 17 January 2019, IT contractor jobs citing SQL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for SQL.

1 3,849 (32.13%) Agile Software Development
2 3,467 (28.94%) SQL Server
3 2,743 (22.90%) C#
4 2,617 (21.84%) Finance
5 2,566 (21.42%) .NET
6 2,355 (19.66%) Oracle
7 2,292 (19.13%) Java
8 2,284 (19.07%) Microsoft
9 2,077 (17.34%) Microsoft Azure
10 2,011 (16.79%) JavaScript
11 1,902 (15.88%) Business Intelligence
12 1,690 (14.11%) Python
13 1,496 (12.49%) ETL
14 1,477 (12.33%) T-SQL
15 1,457 (12.16%) Windows
16 1,399 (11.68%) Linux
17 1,374 (11.47%) Data Warehouse
18 1,373 (11.46%) SQL Server Integration Services
19 1,295 (10.81%) Analytical Skills
20 1,288 (10.75%) Analytics
21 1,286 (10.73%) Test Automation
22 1,269 (10.59%) HTML
23 1,258 (10.50%) Git (software)
24 1,212 (10.12%) Scrum
25 1,204 (10.05%) Amazon AWS
26 1,198 (10.00%) TDD
27 1,196 (9.98%) Unix
28 1,117 (9.32%) DevOps
29 1,107 (9.24%) Web Services
30 1,050 (8.76%) CSS

SQL
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 473 (3.95%) Apache Spark
2 400 (3.34%) Confluence
3 329 (2.75%) SharePoint
4 326 (2.72%) Apache
5 291 (2.43%) SAS
6 270 (2.25%) IIS
7 258 (2.15%) WebLogic
8 232 (1.94%) Elasticsearch
9 191 (1.59%) Tomcat
10 156 (1.30%) CMS
11 126 (1.05%) WebSphere
12 125 (1.04%) JBoss
12 125 (1.04%) nginx
13 114 (0.95%) MS Exchange
14 74 (0.62%) Oracle SOA Suite
15 59 (0.49%) BizTalk Server
16 55 (0.46%) Apache Solr
16 55 (0.46%) Mule
17 50 (0.42%) Skype for Business
18 48 (0.40%) Umbraco
Applications
1 820 (6.84%) Microsoft Excel
2 265 (2.21%) Microsoft Office
3 111 (0.93%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 103 (0.86%) MS Visio
5 66 (0.55%) Microsoft Project
6 60 (0.50%) Spreadsheet
7 26 (0.22%) SPSS
8 21 (0.18%) Chatbot
9 13 (0.11%) Photoshop
10 7 (0.058%) Adobe Illustrator
11 5 (0.042%) CATIA
11 5 (0.042%) Siemens NX
12 4 (0.033%) InfoPath
13 3 (0.025%) Acrobat
13 3 (0.025%) GNU Octave
13 3 (0.025%) Mathematica
13 3 (0.025%) Stata
13 3 (0.025%) Windchill
14 1 (0.008%) InVision
14 1 (0.008%) Notepad++
Business Applications
1 244 (2.04%) Dynamics CRM
2 73 (0.61%) Oracle EBS
3 63 (0.53%) Oracle EBS R12
4 54 (0.45%) Markit EDM
5 51 (0.43%) Dynamics NAV
6 49 (0.41%) Dynamics AX
7 44 (0.37%) Maximo
8 42 (0.35%) Oracle Receivables
9 41 (0.34%) Oracle Payables
10 30 (0.25%) Oracle Retail
11 24 (0.20%) Salesforce.com CRM
12 23 (0.19%) thinkFolio
13 22 (0.18%) Oracle BPM
14 21 (0.18%) Workday HCM
15 20 (0.17%) Oracle ERP
16 19 (0.16%) Oracle Financials
17 18 (0.15%) Oracle Cash Management
18 17 (0.14%) Oracle Applications
18 17 (0.14%) Oracle General Ledger
19 15 (0.13%) FastStats
Cloud Services
1 2,077 (17.34%) Microsoft Azure
2 1,204 (10.05%) Amazon AWS
3 348 (2.90%) PaaS
4 295 (2.46%) Google Cloud Platform
5 284 (2.37%) IaaS
6 274 (2.29%) Office 365
7 235 (1.96%) GitHub
8 232 (1.94%) Azure Data Factory
9 184 (1.54%) SaaS
10 171 (1.43%) Amazon S3
11 168 (1.40%) Amazon EC2
12 167 (1.39%) Dynamics 365
13 165 (1.38%) Azure Active Directory
14 160 (1.34%) Serverless
15 108 (0.90%) Google Analytics
16 90 (0.75%) Virtual Private Cloud
17 85 (0.71%) Amazon EMR
18 71 (0.59%) Cloud Computing
19 60 (0.50%) npm
20 58 (0.48%) Azure Functions
Communications & Networking
1 269 (2.25%) Firewall
2 198 (1.65%) HTTP
3 190 (1.59%) TCP/IP
4 177 (1.48%) DNS
5 169 (1.41%) Internet
6 127 (1.06%) SSL
7 126 (1.05%) SAN
8 101 (0.84%) VPN
9 92 (0.77%) LAN
10 80 (0.67%) WAN
11 66 (0.55%) Skype
12 64 (0.53%) DHCP
13 51 (0.43%) AMQP
14 48 (0.40%) NAS
15 47 (0.39%) SSH
16 38 (0.32%) Kerberos
17 36 (0.30%) HTTPS
18 34 (0.28%) iSCSI
19 33 (0.28%) VLAN
20 32 (0.27%) FTP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 3,467 (28.94%) SQL Server
2 1,374 (11.47%) Data Warehouse
3 1,373 (11.46%) SQL Server Integration Services
4 1,027 (8.57%) NoSQL
5 1,022 (8.53%) SQL Server Reporting Services
6 935 (7.80%) Power BI
6 935 (7.80%) Relational Database
7 763 (6.37%) Big Data
8 639 (5.33%) Hadoop
9 593 (4.95%) SQL Server Analysis Services
10 578 (4.82%) MySQL
11 554 (4.62%) PostgreSQL
12 553 (4.62%) MongoDB
13 504 (4.21%) Oracle Database
14 462 (3.86%) Azure SQL Database
15 357 (2.98%) Apache Hive
16 296 (2.47%) RDBMS
17 286 (2.39%) SQL Server 2008
18 274 (2.29%) SQL Server 2012
19 270 (2.25%) Data Lake
Development Applications
1 1,258 (10.50%) Git (software)
2 996 (8.31%) JIRA
3 790 (6.59%) Jenkins
4 593 (4.95%) Selenium
5 510 (4.26%) Visual Studio
6 495 (4.13%) Team Foundation Server
7 398 (3.32%) Cucumber
8 326 (2.72%) Maven
8 326 (2.72%) Subversion
9 316 (2.64%) Visual Studio Team System
10 286 (2.39%) JUnit
11 272 (2.27%) TeamCity
12 199 (1.66%) SoapUI
13 164 (1.37%) Eclipse
14 159 (1.33%) SpecFlow
15 157 (1.31%) JMeter
16 138 (1.15%) Bitbucket
17 137 (1.14%) Octopus Deploy
18 132 (1.10%) GitLab
19 129 (1.08%) Toad
General
1 2,617 (21.84%) Finance
2 1,017 (8.49%) Banking
3 517 (4.32%) Front Office
4 462 (3.86%) Retail
5 353 (2.95%) Investment Banking
6 341 (2.85%) Marketing
7 172 (1.44%) Legal
8 161 (1.34%) Telecoms
9 134 (1.12%) Back Office
10 117 (0.98%) Advertising
11 112 (0.93%) Financial Institution
12 111 (0.93%) Manufacturing
13 90 (0.75%) Publishing
14 76 (0.63%) Law
15 66 (0.55%) Billing
16 60 (0.50%) Games
17 56 (0.47%) Electronics
18 48 (0.40%) Pharmaceutical
19 44 (0.37%) General Ledger
20 30 (0.25%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 5,636 (47.05%) Developer
2 1,882 (15.71%) Analyst
3 1,164 (9.72%) SQL Developer
4 1,054 (8.80%) .NET Developer
5 959 (8.01%) C# Developer
6 813 (6.79%) Java Developer
7 611 (5.10%) Architect
8 569 (4.75%) Data Analyst
9 499 (4.17%) Senior Developer
10 480 (4.01%) Consultant
11 474 (3.96%) Business Intelligence Developer
12 432 (3.61%) C# .NET Developer
13 386 (3.22%) Test Analyst
14 381 (3.18%) DBA
15 377 (3.15%) Data Engineer
16 353 (2.95%) SQL Analyst
17 325 (2.71%) Full Stack Developer
17 325 (2.71%) Tester
18 293 (2.45%) Business Analyst
19 286 (2.39%) DevOps Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 2,566 (21.42%) .NET
2 1,269 (10.59%) HTML
3 1,107 (9.24%) Web Services
4 1,050 (8.76%) CSS
5 1,031 (8.61%) XML
6 964 (8.05%) AngularJS
7 898 (7.50%) ASP.NET
8 730 (6.09%) REST
9 723 (6.04%) Spring
10 697 (5.82%) .NET Framework
11 596 (4.97%) JSON
12 582 (4.86%) ASP.NET Web API
13 571 (4.77%) jQuery
14 524 (4.37%) SOAP
15 518 (4.32%) RESTful
16 504 (4.21%) React
17 503 (4.20%) Node.js
18 427 (3.56%) HTML5
19 383 (3.20%) Entity Framework
20 374 (3.12%) Kafka
Miscellaneous
1 1,295 (10.81%) Analytical Skills
2 519 (4.33%) Greenfield Project
3 315 (2.63%) Fixed Income
4 277 (2.31%) Data Structures
5 264 (2.20%) Fintech
6 259 (2.16%) Algorithms
7 232 (1.94%) User Experience
8 227 (1.89%) Self-Motivation
9 206 (1.72%) Derivative
10 204 (1.70%) Enterprise Software
11 192 (1.60%) Data Centre
12 178 (1.49%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
13 149 (1.24%) Management Information System
14 147 (1.23%) Hedge funds
15 140 (1.17%) Mobile App
16 138 (1.15%) Equities
17 125 (1.04%) Clustering
18 124 (1.04%) NHS
19 122 (1.02%) Replication
20 79 (0.66%) Reference Data
Operating Systems
1 1,457 (12.16%) Windows
2 1,399 (11.68%) Linux
3 1,196 (9.98%) Unix
4 523 (4.37%) Windows Server
5 186 (1.55%) Windows Server 2012
6 179 (1.49%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 159 (1.33%) Windows Server 2008
8 103 (0.86%) Apple iOS
9 99 (0.83%) Windows 10
10 97 (0.81%) Ubuntu
11 90 (0.75%) Android
12 73 (0.61%) Windows 7
13 69 (0.58%) Solaris
14 55 (0.46%) AIX
14 55 (0.46%) CentOS
15 48 (0.40%) Windows Server 2003
16 35 (0.29%) CoreOS
17 23 (0.19%) VMS
18 21 (0.18%) OpenVMS
19 19 (0.16%) Mac OS
Processes & Methodologies
1 3,849 (32.13%) Agile Software Development
2 1,902 (15.88%) Business Intelligence
3 1,496 (12.49%) ETL
4 1,288 (10.75%) Analytics
5 1,286 (10.73%) Test Automation
6 1,212 (10.12%) Scrum
7 1,198 (10.00%) TDD
8 1,117 (9.32%) DevOps
9 1,012 (8.45%) Problem-Solving
10 1,009 (8.42%) Migration
11 995 (8.31%) MVC
12 947 (7.90%) Continuous Integration
13 924 (7.71%) Data Modelling
14 857 (7.15%) Microservices
15 725 (6.05%) SDLC
16 721 (6.02%) BDD
17 695 (5.80%) Data Analysis
18 600 (5.01%) Software Engineering
19 564 (4.71%) OO
20 526 (4.39%) Visualisation
Programming Languages
1 2,743 (22.90%) C#
2 2,292 (19.13%) Java
3 2,011 (16.79%) JavaScript
4 1,690 (14.11%) Python
5 1,477 (12.33%) T-SQL
6 929 (7.75%) PL/SQL
7 785 (6.55%) PowerShell
8 401 (3.35%) Shell Script
9 339 (2.83%) VBA
10 338 (2.82%) R
11 335 (2.80%) Scala
12 297 (2.48%) C++
13 296 (2.47%) PHP
14 293 (2.45%) Perl
15 284 (2.37%) Bash Shell
16 282 (2.35%) Java 8
17 221 (1.84%) Ruby
18 208 (1.74%) VB.NET
19 200 (1.67%) VB
20 197 (1.64%) C
Qualifications
1 787 (6.57%) Security Cleared
2 681 (5.68%) Degree
3 593 (4.95%) SC Cleared
4 251 (2.10%) ISTQB
5 209 (1.74%) ISEB
6 154 (1.29%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
7 142 (1.19%) Computer Science Degree
8 122 (1.02%) DV Cleared
9 119 (0.99%) Microsoft Certification
10 62 (0.52%) PhD
11 60 (0.50%) Master's Degree
12 59 (0.49%) MCSE
13 54 (0.45%) BPSS Clearance
14 45 (0.38%) Numerate Degree
15 37 (0.31%) Cisco Certification
16 32 (0.27%) MCSA
17 30 (0.25%) ITIL Certification
18 27 (0.23%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
19 26 (0.22%) CCNA
20 24 (0.20%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 561 (4.68%) QA
2 437 (3.65%) Data Quality
3 96 (0.80%) GDPR
4 94 (0.78%) SLA
5 31 (0.26%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 29 (0.24%) PMO
7 19 (0.16%) Basel III
8 16 (0.13%) Disclosure Scotland
9 13 (0.11%) IFRS
10 11 (0.092%) MiFID
11 10 (0.083%) IFRS 9
11 10 (0.083%) WCAG
12 9 (0.075%) HL7
12 9 (0.075%) PCI DSS
13 7 (0.058%) COBIT
13 7 (0.058%) ISO 9001
13 7 (0.058%) Solvency II
13 7 (0.058%) TickIT
14 6 (0.050%) PSD2
14 6 (0.050%) WAI
System Software
1 741 (6.19%) Docker
2 571 (4.77%) Active Directory
3 229 (1.91%) VMware Infrastructure
4 132 (1.10%) Hyper-V
5 102 (0.85%) Virtual Machines
6 93 (0.78%) HDFS
7 77 (0.64%) Oracle RAC
8 62 (0.52%) vSphere
8 62 (0.52%) XenApp
9 49 (0.41%) Apache Flume
10 41 (0.34%) VMware ESXi
11 33 (0.28%) Microsoft App-V
12 27 (0.23%) etcd
13 26 (0.22%) Ceph
13 26 (0.22%) flannel
13 26 (0.22%) SkyDNS
14 25 (0.21%) GlusterFS
15 24 (0.20%) Virtual Servers
16 19 (0.16%) XenDesktop
17 17 (0.14%) Xen
Systems Management
1 355 (2.96%) Ansible
1 355 (2.96%) Kubernetes
2 298 (2.49%) Puppet
3 229 (1.91%) Opscode Chef
4 164 (1.37%) SCCM
5 161 (1.34%) Terraform
6 103 (0.86%) Kibana
7 79 (0.66%) Oozie
8 77 (0.64%) Hadoop YARN
9 68 (0.57%) SCOM
10 67 (0.56%) Grafana
11 62 (0.52%) HP ALM
12 60 (0.50%) Single Sign-On
13 51 (0.43%) Microsoft Clustering
14 50 (0.42%) logstash
15 46 (0.38%) Prometheus
16 42 (0.35%) Nagios
17 41 (0.34%) Control-M
18 39 (0.33%) rkt
19 38 (0.32%) HAProxy
Vendors
1 2,355 (19.66%) Oracle
2 2,284 (19.07%) Microsoft
3 568 (4.74%) Tableau
4 452 (3.77%) Google
5 403 (3.36%) VMware
6 374 (3.12%) SAP
7 266 (2.22%) IBM
8 188 (1.57%) Citrix
9 184 (1.54%) HP
10 173 (1.44%) Cisco
10 173 (1.44%) Informatica
11 137 (1.14%) webMethods
12 134 (1.12%) Red Hat
13 133 (1.11%) Sybase
14 130 (1.09%) ServiceNow
15 122 (1.02%) Cloudera
16 121 (1.01%) Splunk
17 117 (0.98%) Teradata
18 116 (0.97%) Salesforce.com
19 110 (0.92%) Adobe