Period
to 19 November 2017

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for SQL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited SQL over the 6 months to 19 November 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

SQL (Structured Query Language)
UK > England
6 months to
19 Nov 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 6 5 5
Rank change year-on-year -1 0 0
Contract jobs citing SQL 12223 12950 15362
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 13.11% 13.30% 14.67%
As % of the Programming Languages category 31.05% 32.84% 37.88%
Number of daily rates quoted 8513 8932 10555
England median daily rate £438 £400 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +9.38% - +6.67%
10th Percentile £293 £263 £263
90th Percentile £625 £575 £575
UK median daily rate £425 £400 £390
% change year-on-year +6.25% +2.56% +4.00%
Number of hourly rates quoted 221 245 334
England median hourly rate £28.00 £28.50 £28.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -1.75% +1.79% +12.00%
10th Percentile £13.25 £13.26 £12.50
90th Percentile £53.00 £50.00 £47.50
UK median hourly rate £27.00 £28.00 £28.00
% change year-on-year -3.57% - +12.00%

SQL is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 39368 39431 40555
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 42.22% 40.49% 38.72%
Number of daily rates quoted 27757 27337 27786
England median daily rate £460 £425 £410
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +8.24% +3.66% +2.50%
10th Percentile £310 £288 £275
90th Percentile £638 £594 £600
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £400
% change year-on-year +5.88% +6.25% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 744 811 957
England median hourly rate £40.00 £37.50 £37.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +6.67% - +25.00%
10th Percentile £16.25 £14.50 £14.13
90th Percentile £52.50 £52.17 £50.00
UK median hourly rate £40.00 £37.50 £37.50
% change year-on-year +6.67% - +23.97%

SQL
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing SQL as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for SQL in England

SQL
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing SQL in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for SQL in England

SQL
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing SQL in England over the 6 months to 19 November 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for SQL in England

SQL
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing SQL in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for SQL in England

SQL
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing SQL in England over the 6 months to 19 November 2017.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for SQL in England

SQL
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing SQL within the England region over the 6 months to 19 November 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -1 6713 £490 +8.89% 633
South East 0 1907 £400 +6.67% 307
North of England +1 1361 £375 +7.14% 351
Midlands -1 901 £375 +3.45% 191
South West 0 688 £385 +6.21% 98
North West 0 683 £375 +7.14% 177
East of England -1 616 £365 +4.29% 113
Yorkshire 0 547 £378 +3.42% 157
West Midlands -1 512 £375 - 104
East Midlands -2 375 £350 - 85
North East +1 155 £400 +17.65% 17
SQL
UK

For the 6 months to 19 November 2017, IT contractor jobs citing SQL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads across the England region with a requirement for SQL.

1 3675 (30.07%) Agile Software Development
2 3450 (28.23%) SQL Server
3 2933 (24.00%) Java
4 2861 (23.41%) Finance
5 2555 (20.90%) C#
6 2506 (20.50%) Oracle
7 2493 (20.40%) .NET
8 2146 (17.56%) Microsoft
9 2035 (16.65%) JavaScript
10 1702 (13.92%) Business Intelligence
11 1631 (13.34%) Linux
12 1581 (12.93%) Banking
13 1518 (12.42%) HTML
14 1507 (12.33%) Windows
15 1408 (11.52%) Unix
16 1354 (11.08%) Python
17 1353 (11.07%) ETL
18 1333 (10.91%) Analytical Skills
19 1331 (10.89%) T-SQL
20 1282 (10.49%) SQL Server Integration Services
21 1273 (10.41%) Data Warehouse
22 1258 (10.29%) TDD
23 1237 (10.12%) MVC
24 1223 (10.01%) Web Services
25 1167 (9.55%) XML
26 1083 (8.86%) CSS
27 1070 (8.75%) Git (software)
28 1063 (8.70%) Scrum
29 1047 (8.57%) Data Modelling
30 1027 (8.40%) Migration

SQL
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 425 (3.48%) Apache Spark
2 420 (3.44%) SharePoint
3 325 (2.66%) IIS
4 319 (2.61%) Confluence
5 278 (2.27%) Apache
6 272 (2.23%) SAS
7 257 (2.10%) Tomcat
8 250 (2.05%) JBoss
9 195 (1.60%) Elasticsearch
9 195 (1.60%) WebLogic
10 190 (1.55%) WebSphere
11 164 (1.34%) CMS
12 156 (1.28%) Oracle SOA Suite
13 128 (1.05%) MS Exchange
14 84 (0.69%) BizTalk Server
14 84 (0.69%) Oracle Workflow
15 81 (0.66%) Apache Solr
16 55 (0.45%) Skype for Business
17 51 (0.42%) Drupal
18 48 (0.39%) Umbraco
Applications
1 803 (6.57%) Microsoft Excel
2 294 (2.41%) Microsoft Office
3 142 (1.16%) MS Visio
4 96 (0.79%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 43 (0.35%) Spreadsheet
6 36 (0.29%) SPSS
7 34 (0.28%) Microsoft Project
8 13 (0.11%) Simulink
8 13 (0.11%) Stata
9 7 (0.057%) Photoshop
9 7 (0.057%) SmartSuite
10 5 (0.041%) Adobe Illustrator
10 5 (0.041%) InfoPath
11 4 (0.033%) Acrobat
11 4 (0.033%) Mingle
11 4 (0.033%) RoboHelp
11 4 (0.033%) Snagit
12 3 (0.025%) Weka
13 2 (0.016%) Fireworks
14 1 (0.008%) InDesign
Business Applications
1 251 (2.05%) Dynamics CRM
2 132 (1.08%) Markit EDM
3 99 (0.81%) Dynamics AX
4 88 (0.72%) Oracle EBS
5 63 (0.52%) Oracle EBS R12
6 59 (0.48%) Oracle BPM
7 56 (0.46%) Oracle Receivables
8 53 (0.43%) ION MarketView
9 41 (0.34%) Oracle Payables
10 32 (0.26%) Unit4 Business World
11 30 (0.25%) Cognos Business Intelligence
11 30 (0.25%) Oracle Applications
12 27 (0.22%) Dynamics NAV
12 27 (0.22%) Salesforce.com CRM
13 25 (0.20%) Magento
13 25 (0.20%) Oracle Financials
13 25 (0.20%) Oracle iProcurement
14 24 (0.20%) Oracle Assets
15 23 (0.19%) Oracle Cash Management
15 23 (0.19%) Oracle General Ledger
Cloud Services
1 863 (7.06%) Microsoft Azure
2 788 (6.45%) Amazon AWS
3 173 (1.42%) Office 365
4 153 (1.25%) PaaS
5 131 (1.07%) GitHub
6 111 (0.91%) IaaS
7 109 (0.89%) SaaS
8 94 (0.77%) Google Cloud Platform
9 72 (0.59%) Cloud Computing
10 70 (0.57%) Amazon EC2
10 70 (0.57%) Amazon S3
11 69 (0.56%) Dynamics 365
12 66 (0.54%) Serverless
13 58 (0.47%) Slack
14 49 (0.40%) AWS Lambda
15 43 (0.35%) Azure Active Directory
16 42 (0.34%) Amazon EMR
17 40 (0.33%) Google Analytics
18 35 (0.29%) OpenShift
19 31 (0.25%) Amazon Kinesis
Communications & Networking
1 262 (2.14%) Firewall
2 191 (1.56%) TCP/IP
3 180 (1.47%) HTTP
4 176 (1.44%) Internet
5 171 (1.40%) DNS
6 152 (1.24%) SAN
7 129 (1.06%) LDAP
8 126 (1.03%) LAN
9 106 (0.87%) WAN
10 100 (0.82%) SSL
11 82 (0.67%) DHCP
12 77 (0.63%) SMS
13 73 (0.60%) Network Security
13 73 (0.60%) VPN
14 61 (0.50%) FTP
15 49 (0.40%) SSH
16 47 (0.38%) Skype
17 45 (0.37%) VoIP
18 40 (0.33%) Intranet
19 37 (0.30%) NAS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 3450 (28.23%) SQL Server
2 1282 (10.49%) SQL Server Integration Services
3 1273 (10.41%) Data Warehouse
4 999 (8.17%) SQL Server Reporting Services
5 986 (8.07%) Relational Database
6 905 (7.40%) NoSQL
7 661 (5.41%) Big Data
8 632 (5.17%) Oracle Database
9 588 (4.81%) Hadoop
9 588 (4.81%) MongoDB
10 570 (4.66%) SQL Server Analysis Services
11 548 (4.48%) MySQL
12 447 (3.66%) SQL Server 2008
13 420 (3.44%) PostgreSQL
14 413 (3.38%) RDBMS
15 408 (3.34%) SQL Server 2012
16 368 (3.01%) Power BI
17 286 (2.34%) SQL Server 2016
18 275 (2.25%) BusinessObjects
19 249 (2.04%) SQL Server 2014
Development Applications
1 1070 (8.75%) Git (software)
2 841 (6.88%) JIRA
3 705 (5.77%) Jenkins
4 505 (4.13%) Team Foundation Server
5 448 (3.67%) Maven
6 427 (3.49%) Visual Studio
7 400 (3.27%) JUnit
7 400 (3.27%) Selenium
8 352 (2.88%) Subversion
9 280 (2.29%) Cucumber
10 252 (2.06%) TeamCity
11 210 (1.72%) Eclipse
12 177 (1.45%) NUnit
13 171 (1.40%) SoapUI
14 137 (1.12%) Mockito
15 135 (1.10%) IntelliJ
16 132 (1.08%) Ant
16 132 (1.08%) Gradle
17 108 (0.88%) SpecFlow
18 107 (0.88%) Talend Open Studio
General
1 2861 (23.41%) Finance
2 1581 (12.93%) Banking
3 645 (5.28%) Front Office
4 632 (5.17%) Investment Banking
5 462 (3.78%) Retail
6 375 (3.07%) Marketing
7 231 (1.89%) Telecoms
8 184 (1.51%) Manufacturing
9 171 (1.40%) Financial Institution
10 144 (1.18%) Back Office
11 142 (1.16%) Legal
12 122 (1.00%) Games
13 103 (0.84%) Publishing
14 102 (0.83%) Advertising
15 99 (0.81%) Retail Banking
16 90 (0.74%) Electronics
17 69 (0.56%) Pharmaceutical
18 59 (0.48%) Law
19 45 (0.37%) Billing
20 44 (0.36%) Automotive
Job Titles
1 5926 (48.48%) Developer
2 2371 (19.40%) Analyst
3 1376 (11.26%) SQL Developer
4 1198 (9.80%) Java Developer
5 1063 (8.70%) .NET Developer
6 1058 (8.66%) C# Developer
7 627 (5.13%) Data Analyst
8 601 (4.92%) Senior Developer
9 564 (4.61%) C# .NET Developer
10 531 (4.34%) Consultant
11 497 (4.07%) Architect
12 494 (4.04%) Business Analyst
13 430 (3.52%) DBA
14 429 (3.51%) SQL Analyst
15 411 (3.36%) Business Intelligence Developer
16 346 (2.83%) Test Analyst
17 298 (2.44%) Support Analyst
18 290 (2.37%) SQL DBA
19 282 (2.31%) Applications Support
19 282 (2.31%) Full Stack Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 2493 (20.40%) .NET
2 1518 (12.42%) HTML
3 1223 (10.01%) Web Services
4 1167 (9.55%) XML
5 1083 (8.86%) CSS
6 997 (8.16%) ASP.NET
7 957 (7.83%) AngularJS
8 938 (7.67%) Spring
9 775 (6.34%) REST
10 667 (5.46%) jQuery
11 585 (4.79%) JSON
12 542 (4.43%) RESTful
13 539 (4.41%) .NET Framework
14 538 (4.40%) SOAP
15 530 (4.34%) HTML5
16 520 (4.25%) ASP.NET MVC
17 462 (3.78%) WCF
18 459 (3.76%) Hibernate
19 451 (3.69%) ASP.NET Web API
20 387 (3.17%) Node.js
Miscellaneous
1 1333 (10.91%) Analytical Skills
2 458 (3.75%) Computer Science
3 419 (3.43%) Greenfield Project
4 368 (3.01%) Fixed Income
5 335 (2.74%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
6 313 (2.56%) Data Structures
7 311 (2.54%) Equities
8 309 (2.53%) Derivative
9 286 (2.34%) Management Information System
10 239 (1.96%) Algorithms
11 221 (1.81%) Enterprise Software
12 216 (1.77%) User Experience
13 179 (1.46%) Mobile App
14 156 (1.28%) Replication
15 144 (1.18%) Credit Risk
16 143 (1.17%) Market Risk
17 131 (1.07%) Clustering
18 129 (1.06%) Fintech
19 119 (0.97%) Virtual Team
20 110 (0.90%) NHS
Operating Systems
1 1631 (13.34%) Linux
2 1507 (12.33%) Windows
3 1408 (11.52%) Unix
4 442 (3.62%) Windows Server
5 216 (1.77%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 199 (1.63%) Windows Server 2012
7 185 (1.51%) Windows Server 2008
8 127 (1.04%) Solaris
9 117 (0.96%) Android
10 104 (0.85%) Apple iOS
11 79 (0.65%) Windows 7
12 71 (0.58%) AIX
13 70 (0.57%) Windows Server 2003
14 67 (0.55%) Windows 10
15 51 (0.42%) CentOS
16 48 (0.39%) Mac OS X
17 47 (0.38%) Ubuntu
18 37 (0.30%) Windows XP
19 33 (0.27%) HPUX
20 32 (0.26%) Windows 8
Processes & Methodologies
1 3675 (30.07%) Agile Software Development
2 1702 (13.92%) Business Intelligence
3 1353 (11.07%) ETL
4 1258 (10.29%) TDD
5 1237 (10.12%) MVC
6 1063 (8.70%) Scrum
7 1047 (8.57%) Data Modelling
8 1027 (8.40%) Migration
9 933 (7.63%) Test Automation
10 902 (7.38%) Analytics
11 829 (6.78%) Continuous Integration
12 798 (6.53%) SDLC
13 760 (6.22%) Data Analysis
14 730 (5.97%) DevOps
15 643 (5.26%) OO
16 605 (4.95%) Software Engineering
17 593 (4.85%) BDD
18 559 (4.57%) Data Migration
19 532 (4.35%) CRM
20 523 (4.28%) Unit Testing
Programming Languages
1 2933 (24.00%) Java
2 2555 (20.90%) C#
3 2035 (16.65%) JavaScript
4 1354 (11.08%) Python
5 1331 (10.89%) T-SQL
6 959 (7.85%) PL/SQL
7 494 (4.04%) PowerShell
8 475 (3.89%) C++
9 443 (3.62%) Shell Script
10 417 (3.41%) VBA
11 353 (2.89%) Perl
12 349 (2.86%) Scala
13 347 (2.84%) R
14 270 (2.21%) VB.NET
15 266 (2.18%) PHP
16 223 (1.82%) C
17 217 (1.78%) VB
18 210 (1.72%) Bash Shell
19 158 (1.29%) Ruby
20 119 (0.97%) TypeScript
Qualifications
1 776 (6.35%) Degree
2 667 (5.46%) Security Cleared
3 435 (3.56%) SC Cleared
4 172 (1.41%) Computer Science Degree
5 155 (1.27%) Microsoft Certification
6 143 (1.17%) ISEB
7 138 (1.13%) ISTQB
8 127 (1.04%) DV Cleared
9 90 (0.74%) MCSE
10 63 (0.52%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
11 62 (0.51%) BPSS Clearance
12 59 (0.48%) Master's Degree
13 52 (0.43%) Numerate Degree
14 48 (0.39%) MCITP
15 38 (0.31%) PhD
16 36 (0.29%) MCSA
17 32 (0.26%) Cisco Certification
18 29 (0.24%) CISSP
19 27 (0.22%) CCNA
20 26 (0.21%) Sun Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 558 (4.57%) QA
2 438 (3.58%) Data Quality
3 161 (1.32%) MiFID
4 130 (1.06%) SLA
5 76 (0.62%) GDPR
6 49 (0.40%) EMIR
7 31 (0.25%) Disclosure Scotland
8 28 (0.23%) Sarbanes-Oxley
9 23 (0.19%) PMO
10 22 (0.18%) ISO/IEC 27001
10 22 (0.18%) PCI DSS
10 22 (0.18%) Solvency II
11 18 (0.15%) Dodd-Frank
12 17 (0.14%) HL7
13 16 (0.13%) IFRS
14 15 (0.12%) GCP
15 13 (0.11%) IFRS 9
16 10 (0.082%) GxP
16 10 (0.082%) ISO 9001
17 9 (0.074%) GAAP
System Software
1 581 (4.75%) Active Directory
2 320 (2.62%) Docker
3 244 (2.00%) VMware Infrastructure
4 102 (0.83%) Hyper-V
5 100 (0.82%) HDFS
6 89 (0.73%) VMware ESXi
7 69 (0.56%) vSphere
8 67 (0.55%) Apache Flume
9 54 (0.44%) Virtual Machines
10 48 (0.39%) Oracle RAC
11 46 (0.38%) XenApp
12 32 (0.26%) Virtual Servers
13 29 (0.24%) NFS
14 25 (0.20%) Apache ZooKeeper
15 18 (0.15%) Oracle Clusterware
15 18 (0.15%) XenDesktop
16 16 (0.13%) Terminal Services
17 15 (0.12%) BitLocker
17 15 (0.12%) Virtual Desktop
18 14 (0.11%) Xen
Systems Management
1 232 (1.90%) Puppet
2 221 (1.81%) Ansible
3 157 (1.28%) Opscode Chef
4 109 (0.89%) SCCM
5 101 (0.83%) SCOM
6 93 (0.76%) HP Quality Center
7 80 (0.65%) Kubernetes
8 79 (0.65%) Kibana
9 76 (0.62%) Grafana
10 68 (0.56%) Control-M
10 68 (0.56%) logstash
11 54 (0.44%) Hadoop YARN
12 49 (0.40%) Terraform
13 48 (0.39%) Oracle RMAN
14 47 (0.38%) Data Guard
15 45 (0.37%) Ambari
15 45 (0.37%) Oozie
16 43 (0.35%) Nagios
17 33 (0.27%) TIBCO Hawk
18 30 (0.25%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
Vendors
1 2506 (20.50%) Oracle
2 2146 (17.56%) Microsoft
3 522 (4.27%) Tableau
4 401 (3.28%) VMware
5 363 (2.97%) SAP
6 303 (2.48%) HP
7 299 (2.45%) IBM
8 293 (2.40%) Sybase
9 200 (1.64%) Red Hat
10 183 (1.50%) Informatica
11 182 (1.49%) Citrix
12 178 (1.46%) Google
12 178 (1.46%) TIBCO
13 174 (1.42%) Salesforce.com
14 169 (1.38%) Cisco
15 146 (1.19%) Splunk
16 125 (1.02%) AppDynamics
17 117 (0.96%) Cognos
18 116 (0.95%) Teradata
19 107 (0.88%) Talend