Period
to 26 January 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for SQL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited SQL over the 6 months to 26 January 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

SQL (Structured Query Language)
UK > England
6 months to
26 Jan 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 7 5 6
Rank change year-on-year -2 +1 -1
Contract jobs citing SQL 8,330 11,859 11,851
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 12.91% 13.10% 12.80%
As % of the Programming Languages category 31.46% 29.34% 30.14%
Number of daily rates quoted 5,693 8,346 8,282
England median daily rate £450 £450 £438
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +2.86% +9.38%
10th Percentile £313 £308 £288
90th Percentile £638 £625 £625
UK median daily rate £450 £450 £425
% change year-on-year - +5.88% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 148 161 211
England median hourly rate £31.75 £35.00 £27.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -9.29% +29.63% -18.18%
10th Percentile £14.30 £15.00 £13.61
90th Percentile £53.75 £57.50 £52.25
UK median hourly rate £32.50 £32.48 £26.78
% change year-on-year +0.08% +21.29% -17.62%

SQL is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 26,474 40,417 39,314
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 41.02% 44.65% 42.46%
Number of daily rates quoted 18,366 28,662 27,913
England median daily rate £485 £480 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +1.04% +1.05% +11.76%
10th Percentile £325 £325 £311
90th Percentile £650 £650 £638
UK median daily rate £475 £475 £450
% change year-on-year - +5.56% +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 529 619 715
England median hourly rate £42.50 £42.50 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - +6.25% +0.69%
10th Percentile £17.00 £17.63 £17.32
90th Percentile £55.00 £52.50 £52.50
UK median hourly rate £42.50 £42.25 £40.00
% change year-on-year +0.59% +5.63% -

SQL
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing SQL as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for SQL in England

SQL
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing SQL in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for SQL in England

SQL
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing SQL in England over the 6 months to 26 January 2020.

Contractor daily rate histogram for SQL in England

SQL
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing SQL in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for SQL in England

SQL
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing SQL in England over the 6 months to 26 January 2020.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for SQL in England

SQL
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing SQL within the England region over the 6 months to 26 January 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London 0 4,084 £500 - 1,397
South East +1 1,545 £450 +5.88% 820
North of England -2 1,045 £400 +1.27% 880
Midlands 0 713 £400 - 508
North West -2 574 £400 +5.26% 512
South West -3 571 £425 - 335
West Midlands +1 461 £425 +6.25% 291
Yorkshire -1 372 £400 - 302
East of England -1 348 £414 -0.54% 301
East Midlands +2 248 £375 -6.25% 215
North East -9 100 £415 - 66
South Coast -1 1 - -
SQL
UK

For the 6 months to 26 January 2020, IT contractor jobs citing SQL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for SQL.

1 2,446 (29.36%) Agile Software Development
2 2,173 (26.09%) SQL Server
3 2,042 (24.51%) Azure
4 1,852 (22.23%) Microsoft
5 1,674 (20.10%) Finance
6 1,640 (19.69%) .NET
7 1,634 (19.62%) Business Intelligence
8 1,623 (19.48%) C#
9 1,612 (19.35%) Oracle
10 1,480 (17.77%) Java
11 1,411 (16.94%) Python
12 1,193 (14.32%) JavaScript
13 1,147 (13.77%) ETL
14 1,093 (13.12%) DevOps
15 1,065 (12.79%) Data Warehouse
16 1,059 (12.71%) Analytics
17 1,054 (12.65%) AWS
18 1,039 (12.47%) SQL Server Integration Services
19 1,021 (12.26%) Power Platform
20 1,006 (12.08%) Power BI
21 1,000 (12.00%) Windows
22 988 (11.86%) Migration
23 837 (10.05%) T-SQL
24 836 (10.04%) Data Modelling
25 830 (9.96%) Analytical Skills
26 796 (9.56%) Security Cleared
27 744 (8.93%) Git (software)
28 730 (8.76%) Linux
29 724 (8.69%) HTML
30 718 (8.62%) Scrum

SQL
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 333 (4.00%) Apache Spark
2 320 (3.84%) Confluence
3 297 (3.57%) SharePoint
4 228 (2.74%) WebLogic
5 194 (2.33%) IIS
6 145 (1.74%) Apache
7 143 (1.72%) SAS
8 97 (1.16%) Elasticsearch
9 90 (1.08%) Tomcat
10 77 (0.92%) JBoss
11 56 (0.67%) MS Exchange
12 55 (0.66%) Apache Airflow
13 50 (0.60%) Oracle SOA Suite
14 49 (0.59%) CMS
15 48 (0.58%) Jupyter
16 43 (0.52%) BizTalk Server
17 41 (0.49%) Red Hat Fuse
18 39 (0.47%) Skype for Business
19 38 (0.46%) MQSeries
20 33 (0.40%) WebSphere
Applications
1 559 (6.71%) Microsoft Excel
2 189 (2.27%) Microsoft Office
3 87 (1.04%) MS Visio
4 46 (0.55%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 39 (0.47%) Microsoft Project
6 27 (0.32%) Spreadsheet
7 17 (0.20%) SPSS
8 8 (0.096%) FileZilla
9 7 (0.084%) Notepad++
10 4 (0.048%) InfoPath
11 3 (0.036%) Chatbot
11 3 (0.036%) GNU Octave
12 2 (0.024%) Adobe XD
12 2 (0.024%) Photoshop
12 2 (0.024%) Stata
12 2 (0.024%) XMetaL
13 1 (0.012%) Figma
13 1 (0.012%) Sketch
13 1 (0.012%) S-PLUS
13 1 (0.012%) Weka
Business Applications
1 144 (1.73%) Dynamics CRM
2 98 (1.18%) Oracle EBS
3 50 (0.60%) Dynamics AX
4 35 (0.42%) FINCAD Analytics
5 33 (0.40%) Oracle Receivables
6 31 (0.37%) Markit EDM
7 30 (0.36%) Dynamics NAV
8 28 (0.34%) Oracle EBS R12
9 26 (0.31%) Maximo
10 25 (0.30%) Oracle Payables
11 23 (0.28%) Oracle Financials
12 22 (0.26%) NetSuite
12 22 (0.26%) Oracle ERP
12 22 (0.26%) PolarLake
13 21 (0.25%) Oracle Applications
14 18 (0.22%) Oracle Cash Management
14 18 (0.22%) Siebel CRM
15 15 (0.18%) Unit4 Business World
16 13 (0.16%) Oracle General Ledger
16 13 (0.16%) SAP ERP
Cloud Services
1 2,042 (24.51%) Azure
2 1,054 (12.65%) AWS
3 1,021 (12.26%) Power Platform
4 313 (3.76%) GCP
5 288 (3.46%) PaaS
6 261 (3.13%) Azure Data Factory
6 261 (3.13%) Office 365
7 229 (2.75%) GitHub
8 226 (2.71%) Serverless
9 191 (2.29%) IaaS
10 174 (2.09%) SaaS
11 157 (1.88%) Dynamics 365
12 148 (1.78%) Azure Active Directory
13 113 (1.36%) Amazon S3
14 105 (1.26%) Azure Functions
15 80 (0.96%) Data Lake Analytics
16 75 (0.90%) Amazon EC2
17 71 (0.85%) AWS Lambda
18 67 (0.80%) Cloud Computing
19 59 (0.71%) PowerApps
Communications & Networking
1 206 (2.47%) DNS
2 185 (2.22%) Firewall
3 120 (1.44%) SAN
4 108 (1.30%) HTTP
4 108 (1.30%) TCP/IP
5 107 (1.28%) DHCP
6 80 (0.96%) Internet
7 78 (0.94%) WAN
8 73 (0.88%) LAN
9 72 (0.86%) VPN
10 58 (0.70%) SSL
11 44 (0.53%) Skype
12 35 (0.42%) NAS
13 31 (0.37%) FTP
14 30 (0.36%) Kerberos
15 26 (0.31%) VoIP
16 22 (0.26%) VLAN
17 20 (0.24%) Network Security
18 19 (0.23%) NetScaler
19 18 (0.22%) Reverse Proxy
Database & Business Intelligence
1 2,173 (26.09%) SQL Server
2 1,065 (12.79%) Data Warehouse
3 1,039 (12.47%) SQL Server Integration Services
4 1,006 (12.08%) Power BI
5 691 (8.30%) SQL Server Reporting Services
6 646 (7.76%) NoSQL
7 550 (6.60%) Relational Database
8 486 (5.83%) Big Data
9 440 (5.28%) SQL Server Analysis Services
10 435 (5.22%) PostgreSQL
11 434 (5.21%) Azure SQL Database
12 372 (4.47%) Data Lake
13 367 (4.41%) Hadoop
14 363 (4.36%) Oracle Database
15 311 (3.73%) MongoDB
16 308 (3.70%) MySQL
17 183 (2.20%) SQL Server 2016
18 179 (2.15%) RDBMS
19 167 (2.00%) Apache Hive
20 161 (1.93%) Amazon Redshift
Development Applications
1 744 (8.93%) Git (software)
2 608 (7.30%) JIRA
3 453 (5.44%) Jenkins
4 313 (3.76%) Selenium
5 308 (3.70%) Visual Studio
6 270 (3.24%) Team Foundation Server
7 202 (2.42%) Maven
8 183 (2.20%) Cucumber
9 170 (2.04%) JUnit
10 162 (1.94%) Visual Studio Team System
11 156 (1.87%) TeamCity
12 134 (1.61%) Bitbucket
13 127 (1.52%) Subversion
14 100 (1.20%) NUnit
14 100 (1.20%) SpecFlow
15 97 (1.16%) Octopus Deploy
16 71 (0.85%) SQL Server Management Studio (SSMS)
17 70 (0.84%) Eclipse
17 70 (0.84%) SoapUI
18 68 (0.82%) GitLab
General
1 1,674 (20.10%) Finance
2 556 (6.67%) Banking
3 432 (5.19%) Public Sector
4 259 (3.11%) Front Office
5 250 (3.00%) Retail
6 173 (2.08%) Marketing
7 134 (1.61%) Investment Banking
8 125 (1.50%) Telecoms
9 100 (1.20%) Law
10 94 (1.13%) Legal
11 89 (1.07%) Manufacturing
12 87 (1.04%) Back Office
13 54 (0.65%) Publishing
14 44 (0.53%) Pharmaceutical
15 42 (0.50%) Local Government
16 38 (0.46%) Advertising
17 36 (0.43%) Billing
18 33 (0.40%) Financial Institution
19 32 (0.38%) Electronics
19 32 (0.38%) Games
Job Titles
1 3,695 (44.36%) Developer
2 1,226 (14.72%) Analyst
3 718 (8.62%) SQL Developer
4 595 (7.14%) .NET Developer
5 486 (5.83%) Architect
6 481 (5.77%) Data Engineer
7 451 (5.41%) C# Developer
8 439 (5.27%) Data Analyst
9 434 (5.21%) Java Developer
10 392 (4.71%) Business Intelligence Developer
11 360 (4.32%) Consultant
12 302 (3.63%) Senior Developer
13 278 (3.34%) DBA
14 246 (2.95%) C# .NET Developer
15 220 (2.64%) SQL Analyst
16 188 (2.26%) Azure Engineer
16 188 (2.26%) Full Stack Developer
17 183 (2.20%) DevOps Engineer
18 181 (2.17%) SQL DBA
19 178 (2.14%) Business Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,640 (19.69%) .NET
2 724 (8.69%) HTML
3 656 (7.88%) XML
4 646 (7.76%) CSS
5 637 (7.65%) AngularJS
6 586 (7.03%) Web Services
7 447 (5.37%) REST
8 445 (5.34%) ASP.NET
9 418 (5.02%) JSON
10 387 (4.65%) Spring
11 353 (4.24%) React
12 325 (3.90%) RESTful
13 318 (3.82%) .NET Core
14 307 (3.69%) .NET Framework
15 270 (3.24%) Node.js
16 257 (3.09%) SOAP
17 245 (2.94%) jQuery
18 244 (2.93%) ASP.NET Web API
19 216 (2.59%) HTML5
20 200 (2.40%) J2EE
Miscellaneous
1 830 (9.96%) Analytical Skills
2 265 (3.18%) Greenfield Project
3 198 (2.38%) Data Structures
4 176 (2.11%) Derivative
5 174 (2.09%) Management Information System
6 161 (1.93%) Fixed Income
7 148 (1.78%) Algorithms
8 138 (1.66%) User Experience
9 131 (1.57%) Public Cloud
10 130 (1.56%) Enterprise Software
11 128 (1.54%) Data Centre
12 124 (1.49%) Self-Motivation
13 116 (1.39%) Hedge funds
14 113 (1.36%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
15 106 (1.27%) NHS
16 105 (1.26%) Equities
17 96 (1.15%) Replication
18 94 (1.13%) Virtual Team
19 83 (1.00%) Clustering
19 83 (1.00%) Equity Derivative
Operating Systems
1 1,000 (12.00%) Windows
2 730 (8.76%) Linux
3 562 (6.75%) Unix
4 349 (4.19%) Windows Server
5 148 (1.78%) Windows Server 2012
6 147 (1.76%) Windows Server 2008
7 82 (0.98%) Windows 10
8 73 (0.88%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 52 (0.62%) AIX
10 50 (0.60%) Solaris
11 44 (0.53%) Windows 7
12 41 (0.49%) Android
13 39 (0.47%) VMS
14 33 (0.40%) Windows Server 2003
15 31 (0.37%) Apple iOS
16 27 (0.32%) CentOS
17 20 (0.24%) Ubuntu
18 14 (0.17%) Oracle Linux
19 12 (0.14%) HPUX
20 11 (0.13%) Windows 8
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,446 (29.36%) Agile Software Development
2 1,634 (19.62%) Business Intelligence
3 1,147 (13.77%) ETL
4 1,093 (13.12%) DevOps
5 1,059 (12.71%) Analytics
6 988 (11.86%) Migration
7 836 (10.04%) Data Modelling
8 718 (8.62%) Scrum
8 718 (8.62%) Test Automation
9 650 (7.80%) TDD
10 631 (7.58%) Problem-Solving
11 616 (7.39%) Microservices
12 527 (6.33%) Visualisation
13 517 (6.21%) MVC
14 497 (5.97%) Continuous Integration
15 463 (5.56%) Data Analysis
16 419 (5.03%) Software Engineering
17 418 (5.02%) Data Science
18 380 (4.56%) Data Migration
19 360 (4.32%) SDLC
Programming Languages
1 1,623 (19.48%) C#
2 1,480 (17.77%) Java
3 1,411 (16.94%) Python
4 1,193 (14.32%) JavaScript
5 837 (10.05%) T-SQL
6 686 (8.24%) PL/SQL
7 631 (7.58%) PowerShell
8 319 (3.83%) R
9 314 (3.77%) Scala
10 241 (2.89%) VBA
11 226 (2.71%) Shell Script
12 209 (2.51%) C++
13 180 (2.16%) TypeScript
14 155 (1.86%) C
15 153 (1.84%) Ruby
16 147 (1.76%) Bash Shell
17 143 (1.72%) VB.NET
18 142 (1.70%) Perl
19 120 (1.44%) Java 8
20 115 (1.38%) VB
Qualifications
1 796 (9.56%) Security Cleared
2 652 (7.83%) SC Cleared
3 452 (5.43%) Degree
4 119 (1.43%) Computer Science Degree
5 112 (1.34%) Microsoft Certification
6 97 (1.16%) DV Cleared
7 94 (1.13%) ISEB
8 87 (1.04%) ISTQB
9 58 (0.70%) PhD
10 53 (0.64%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
11 44 (0.53%) MCSE
12 43 (0.52%) BPSS Clearance
12 43 (0.52%) Master's Degree
13 33 (0.40%) Cisco Certification
14 30 (0.36%) MCSA
14 30 (0.36%) Numerate Degree
15 28 (0.34%) DBS Check
16 23 (0.28%) CCNA
16 23 (0.28%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
17 21 (0.25%) Citrix Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 330 (3.96%) QA
2 255 (3.06%) Data Quality
3 83 (1.00%) GDPR
4 73 (0.88%) SLA
5 23 (0.28%) IFRS
6 22 (0.26%) MiFID
7 20 (0.24%) Sarbanes-Oxley
8 14 (0.17%) ISO/IEC 27001
9 13 (0.16%) Solvency II
10 12 (0.14%) PMO
11 11 (0.13%) Disclosure Scotland
12 10 (0.12%) WCAG
13 8 (0.096%) HMG Security Policy Framework
14 7 (0.084%) COREP
14 7 (0.084%) GxP
14 7 (0.084%) HL7
15 6 (0.072%) EMIR
15 6 (0.072%) NCSC
16 5 (0.060%) ISO/IEC 20000
16 5 (0.060%) NIST
System Software
1 497 (5.97%) Active Directory
2 466 (5.59%) Docker
3 243 (2.92%) VMware Infrastructure
4 116 (1.39%) Virtual Machines
5 102 (1.22%) Hyper-V
6 86 (1.03%) HDFS
7 53 (0.64%) vSphere
8 47 (0.56%) VMware ESXi
9 46 (0.55%) XenApp
10 31 (0.37%) Oracle RAC
11 30 (0.36%) Microsoft App-V
12 29 (0.35%) XenDesktop
13 24 (0.29%) Virtual Servers
14 23 (0.28%) Postfix
15 19 (0.23%) Tivoli Workload Scheduler
15 19 (0.23%) Virtual Desktop
16 12 (0.14%) Citrix Hypervisor
17 11 (0.13%) VirtualBox
17 11 (0.13%) VMware Server
18 10 (0.12%) NFS
Systems Management
1 312 (3.75%) Kubernetes
2 164 (1.97%) SCCM
3 162 (1.94%) Terraform
4 152 (1.82%) Ansible
5 100 (1.20%) Puppet
6 69 (0.83%) Opscode Chef
7 60 (0.72%) Hadoop YARN
8 49 (0.59%) SCOM
9 48 (0.58%) Microsoft Intune
10 38 (0.46%) Kibana
11 32 (0.38%) NetBackup
12 26 (0.31%) Microsoft Clustering
12 26 (0.31%) Nagios
12 26 (0.31%) Oracle RMAN
12 26 (0.31%) Single Sign-On
13 24 (0.29%) Data Guard
13 24 (0.29%) Oozie
14 23 (0.28%) Tivoli
15 22 (0.26%) WSUS
16 21 (0.25%) HP Quality Center
Vendors
1 1,852 (22.23%) Microsoft
2 1,612 (19.35%) Oracle
3 495 (5.94%) Tableau
4 347 (4.17%) VMware
5 256 (3.07%) Google
6 248 (2.98%) SAP
7 191 (2.29%) IBM
8 180 (2.16%) Citrix
9 173 (2.08%) Informatica
10 121 (1.45%) Sybase
11 115 (1.38%) Databricks
11 115 (1.38%) webMethods
12 113 (1.36%) Cognos
13 109 (1.31%) Red Hat
14 105 (1.26%) Cisco
14 105 (1.26%) MuleSoft
15 96 (1.15%) Cloudera
16 91 (1.09%) HP
16 91 (1.09%) Talend
17 70 (0.84%) Salesforce.com