Period
to 17 January 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for SQL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited SQL over the 6 months to 17 January 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

SQL (Structured Query Language)
UK > England
6 months to
17 Jan 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 6 5 5
Rank change year-on-year -1 0 0
Contract jobs citing SQL 11,843 11,766 13,881
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 12.82% 13.01% 14.24%
As % of the Programming Languages category 30.24% 31.84% 36.67%
Number of daily rates quoted 8,302 8,108 9,562
England median daily rate £438 £400 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +9.38% - +3.90%
10th Percentile £288 £263 £263
90th Percentile £625 £575 £575
UK median daily rate £425 £400 £400
% change year-on-year +6.25% - +6.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 213 240 281
England median hourly rate £27.00 £34.00 £32.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -20.59% +6.25% +16.36%
10th Percentile £14.00 £13.73 £12.30
90th Percentile £50.00 £50.00 £48.75
UK median hourly rate £26.78 £33.25 £30.00
% change year-on-year -19.47% +10.83% +9.09%

SQL is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 39,168 36,959 37,854
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 42.40% 40.87% 38.83%
Number of daily rates quoted 27,862 25,611 25,947
England median daily rate £475 £425 £415
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +11.76% +2.41% +3.75%
10th Percentile £313 £294 £275
90th Percentile £638 £600 £600
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £413
% change year-on-year +5.88% +3.03% +3.13%
Number of hourly rates quoted 702 781 959
England median hourly rate £40.00 £40.00 £37.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - +6.67% +15.38%
10th Percentile £16.76 £15.00 £14.13
90th Percentile £52.50 £51.25 £50.78
UK median hourly rate £40.00 £40.00 £37.50
% change year-on-year - +6.67% +15.38%

SQL
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing SQL as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for SQL in England

SQL
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing SQL in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for SQL in England

SQL
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing SQL in England over the 6 months to 17 January 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for SQL in England

SQL
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing SQL in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for SQL in England

SQL
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing SQL in England over the 6 months to 17 January 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for SQL in England

SQL
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing SQL within the England region over the 6 months to 17 January 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -1 6,446 £488 +8.33% 2,005
South East +1 1,942 £400 - 781
North of England -2 1,294 £375 +7.14% 853
Midlands -1 919 £375 +7.14% 544
North West -1 644 £375 +7.14% 499
South West -1 637 £400 +10.34% 340
East of England +2 588 £375 +7.14% 341
Yorkshire 0 541 £388 +10.71% 307
West Midlands -1 536 £375 +3.45% 313
East Midlands -2 373 £363 +7.41% 226
North East -4 132 £425 +21.43% 47
South Coast - 1 £380 -
SQL
UK

For the 6 months to 17 January 2018, IT contractor jobs citing SQL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads across the England region with a requirement for SQL.

1 3,495 (29.51%) Agile Software Development
2 3,441 (29.06%) SQL Server
3 2,832 (23.91%) Java
4 2,793 (23.58%) Finance
5 2,514 (21.23%) C#
6 2,472 (20.87%) .NET
7 2,427 (20.49%) Oracle
8 2,101 (17.74%) Microsoft
9 2,061 (17.40%) JavaScript
10 1,684 (14.22%) Business Intelligence
11 1,551 (13.10%) Linux
12 1,499 (12.66%) Banking
13 1,452 (12.26%) HTML
14 1,398 (11.80%) Windows
15 1,375 (11.61%) Analytical Skills
16 1,336 (11.28%) SQL Server Integration Services
17 1,320 (11.15%) Unix
18 1,298 (10.96%) ETL
19 1,283 (10.83%) Python
20 1,279 (10.80%) T-SQL
21 1,254 (10.59%) Data Warehouse
22 1,207 (10.19%) TDD
23 1,183 (9.99%) XML
24 1,159 (9.79%) Web Services
25 1,146 (9.68%) MVC
26 1,058 (8.93%) CSS
27 1,054 (8.90%) SQL Server Reporting Services
28 1,043 (8.81%) Git (software)
29 1,036 (8.75%) Scrum
30 1,004 (8.48%) Test Automation

SQL
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 400 (3.38%) Apache Spark
2 394 (3.33%) SharePoint
3 326 (2.75%) IIS
4 306 (2.58%) Confluence
5 298 (2.52%) Apache
6 294 (2.48%) SAS
7 251 (2.12%) Tomcat
8 224 (1.89%) JBoss
9 223 (1.88%) Elasticsearch
10 206 (1.74%) WebSphere
11 189 (1.60%) WebLogic
12 156 (1.32%) Oracle SOA Suite
13 154 (1.30%) CMS
14 122 (1.03%) MS Exchange
15 76 (0.64%) BizTalk Server
16 71 (0.60%) Oracle Workflow
17 70 (0.59%) Apache Solr
18 63 (0.53%) Apache Pig
19 50 (0.42%) Skype for Business
20 49 (0.41%) Umbraco
Applications
1 786 (6.64%) Microsoft Excel
2 275 (2.32%) Microsoft Office
3 158 (1.33%) MS Visio
4 122 (1.03%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 56 (0.47%) Spreadsheet
6 51 (0.43%) SPSS
7 47 (0.40%) Microsoft Project
8 12 (0.10%) Photoshop
8 12 (0.10%) Stata
9 8 (0.068%) Simulink
10 5 (0.042%) Adobe Illustrator
11 4 (0.034%) Acrobat
11 4 (0.034%) Mingle
11 4 (0.034%) OmniGraffle
11 4 (0.034%) RoboHelp
11 4 (0.034%) Snagit
12 3 (0.025%) SmartSuite
13 2 (0.017%) Fireworks
13 2 (0.017%) InfoPath
13 2 (0.017%) Weka
Business Applications
1 206 (1.74%) Dynamics CRM
2 127 (1.07%) Markit EDM
3 114 (0.96%) Oracle EBS
4 90 (0.76%) Dynamics AX
5 85 (0.72%) Oracle EBS R12
6 78 (0.66%) Oracle Receivables
7 72 (0.61%) Oracle BPM
8 63 (0.53%) Oracle Payables
9 45 (0.38%) Oracle General Ledger
10 40 (0.34%) Cognos Business Intelligence
11 39 (0.33%) Oracle iProcurement
12 38 (0.32%) Oracle Assets
13 37 (0.31%) Oracle Financials
14 34 (0.29%) Unit4 Business World
15 32 (0.27%) ION MarketView
16 31 (0.26%) Oracle Applications
17 29 (0.24%) Dynamics NAV
17 29 (0.24%) Oracle Cash Management
18 28 (0.24%) Oracle Internet Expenses
19 24 (0.20%) Adobe Campaign
Cloud Services
1 930 (7.85%) Microsoft Azure
2 774 (6.54%) Amazon AWS
3 163 (1.38%) Office 365
4 152 (1.28%) PaaS
5 116 (0.98%) GitHub
6 115 (0.97%) Google Cloud Platform
7 112 (0.95%) IaaS
8 95 (0.80%) SaaS
9 90 (0.76%) Dynamics 365
10 80 (0.68%) Slack
11 79 (0.67%) Cloud Computing
12 70 (0.59%) Amazon S3
13 67 (0.57%) Amazon EC2
14 53 (0.45%) Serverless
15 51 (0.43%) Google Analytics
16 37 (0.31%) AWS Lambda
17 36 (0.30%) Azure Active Directory
18 34 (0.29%) Azure Data Factory
19 32 (0.27%) OpenShift
20 29 (0.24%) Amazon EMR
Communications & Networking
1 223 (1.88%) Firewall
2 163 (1.38%) TCP/IP
3 159 (1.34%) DNS
3 159 (1.34%) HTTP
4 155 (1.31%) Internet
5 144 (1.22%) SAN
6 103 (0.87%) SMS
7 91 (0.77%) SSL
8 89 (0.75%) DHCP
8 89 (0.75%) LAN
9 78 (0.66%) LDAP
10 77 (0.65%) WAN
11 71 (0.60%) VPN
12 61 (0.52%) FTP
13 59 (0.50%) Network Security
14 45 (0.38%) Skype
15 43 (0.36%) NAS
16 41 (0.35%) Intranet
17 36 (0.30%) Kerberos
17 36 (0.30%) VoIP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 3,441 (29.06%) SQL Server
2 1,336 (11.28%) SQL Server Integration Services
3 1,254 (10.59%) Data Warehouse
4 1,054 (8.90%) SQL Server Reporting Services
5 954 (8.06%) Relational Database
6 875 (7.39%) NoSQL
7 647 (5.46%) Big Data
8 621 (5.24%) Oracle Database
9 574 (4.85%) SQL Server Analysis Services
10 572 (4.83%) Hadoop
11 563 (4.75%) MongoDB
12 534 (4.51%) MySQL
13 447 (3.77%) Power BI
14 438 (3.70%) PostgreSQL
15 415 (3.50%) SQL Server 2008
16 387 (3.27%) RDBMS
17 382 (3.23%) SQL Server 2012
18 300 (2.53%) SQL Server 2016
19 263 (2.22%) BusinessObjects
20 246 (2.08%) QlikView
Development Applications
1 1,043 (8.81%) Git (software)
2 762 (6.43%) JIRA
3 670 (5.66%) Jenkins
4 466 (3.93%) Team Foundation Server
5 450 (3.80%) Selenium
6 421 (3.55%) Visual Studio
7 418 (3.53%) Maven
8 392 (3.31%) JUnit
9 351 (2.96%) Subversion
10 312 (2.63%) Cucumber
11 274 (2.31%) TeamCity
12 184 (1.55%) Eclipse
13 165 (1.39%) NUnit
14 155 (1.31%) SoapUI
15 154 (1.30%) Gradle
16 138 (1.17%) Mockito
17 135 (1.14%) Ant
18 116 (0.98%) IntelliJ
19 103 (0.87%) Bitbucket
20 99 (0.84%) WebDriver
General
1 2,793 (23.58%) Finance
2 1,499 (12.66%) Banking
3 567 (4.79%) Front Office
4 526 (4.44%) Investment Banking
5 377 (3.18%) Retail
6 352 (2.97%) Marketing
7 192 (1.62%) Telecoms
8 151 (1.28%) Manufacturing
9 147 (1.24%) Legal
10 142 (1.20%) Financial Institution
11 123 (1.04%) Back Office
12 105 (0.89%) Games
13 96 (0.81%) Advertising
14 91 (0.77%) Publishing
15 89 (0.75%) Law
16 81 (0.68%) Retail Banking
17 58 (0.49%) Billing
17 58 (0.49%) Pharmaceutical
18 56 (0.47%) Electronics
19 48 (0.41%) General Ledger
Job Titles
1 5,745 (48.51%) Developer
2 2,253 (19.02%) Analyst
3 1,299 (10.97%) SQL Developer
4 1,162 (9.81%) Java Developer
5 1,070 (9.03%) C# Developer
6 1,012 (8.55%) .NET Developer
7 579 (4.89%) Data Analyst
8 561 (4.74%) C# .NET Developer
9 547 (4.62%) Senior Developer
10 523 (4.42%) Consultant
11 464 (3.92%) Architect
12 456 (3.85%) Business Intelligence Developer
13 444 (3.75%) Business Analyst
14 407 (3.44%) DBA
15 402 (3.39%) SQL Analyst
16 332 (2.80%) Test Analyst
17 306 (2.58%) Full Stack Developer
18 290 (2.45%) Support Analyst
19 285 (2.41%) SQL DBA
20 254 (2.14%) Software Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 2,472 (20.87%) .NET
2 1,452 (12.26%) HTML
3 1,183 (9.99%) XML
4 1,159 (9.79%) Web Services
5 1,058 (8.93%) CSS
6 922 (7.79%) AngularJS
7 911 (7.69%) ASP.NET
8 852 (7.19%) Spring
9 810 (6.84%) REST
10 676 (5.71%) jQuery
11 551 (4.65%) .NET Framework
11 551 (4.65%) JSON
12 550 (4.64%) RESTful
13 537 (4.53%) SOAP
14 497 (4.20%) HTML5
15 470 (3.97%) ASP.NET MVC
16 459 (3.88%) WCF
17 423 (3.57%) ASP.NET Web API
18 419 (3.54%) Node.js
19 381 (3.22%) Hibernate
Miscellaneous
1 1,375 (11.61%) Analytical Skills
2 446 (3.77%) Computer Science
3 397 (3.35%) Greenfield Project
4 293 (2.47%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
5 272 (2.30%) Fixed Income
6 270 (2.28%) Data Structures
7 265 (2.24%) Management Information System
8 264 (2.23%) User Experience
9 260 (2.20%) Derivative
10 257 (2.17%) Equities
11 237 (2.00%) Algorithms
12 231 (1.95%) Enterprise Software
13 172 (1.45%) Replication
14 144 (1.22%) Mobile App
15 133 (1.12%) Fintech
16 129 (1.09%) Credit Risk
17 127 (1.07%) Market Risk
18 116 (0.98%) Clustering
19 115 (0.97%) Virtual Team
20 106 (0.90%) Client/Server
Operating Systems
1 1,551 (13.10%) Linux
2 1,398 (11.80%) Windows
3 1,320 (11.15%) Unix
4 453 (3.83%) Windows Server
5 225 (1.90%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 192 (1.62%) Windows Server 2012
7 178 (1.50%) Windows Server 2008
8 116 (0.98%) Solaris
9 108 (0.91%) Android
10 97 (0.82%) Apple iOS
11 69 (0.58%) Windows 7
12 66 (0.56%) Windows 10
13 57 (0.48%) Windows Server 2003
14 48 (0.41%) AIX
15 47 (0.40%) Ubuntu
16 41 (0.35%) CentOS
17 33 (0.28%) Mac OS X
18 30 (0.25%) Windows 8
19 25 (0.21%) HPUX
19 25 (0.21%) Windows Vista
Processes & Methodologies
1 3,495 (29.51%) Agile Software Development
2 1,684 (14.22%) Business Intelligence
3 1,298 (10.96%) ETL
4 1,207 (10.19%) TDD
5 1,146 (9.68%) MVC
6 1,036 (8.75%) Scrum
7 1,004 (8.48%) Test Automation
8 960 (8.11%) Migration
9 944 (7.97%) Data Modelling
10 898 (7.58%) Analytics
11 819 (6.92%) Continuous Integration
12 754 (6.37%) DevOps
13 725 (6.12%) SDLC
14 712 (6.01%) Data Analysis
15 642 (5.42%) BDD
16 589 (4.97%) OO
17 582 (4.91%) Software Engineering
18 545 (4.60%) Unit Testing
19 544 (4.59%) Data Migration
20 493 (4.16%) CRM
Programming Languages
1 2,832 (23.91%) Java
2 2,514 (21.23%) C#
3 2,061 (17.40%) JavaScript
4 1,283 (10.83%) Python
5 1,279 (10.80%) T-SQL
6 974 (8.22%) PL/SQL
7 476 (4.02%) PowerShell
8 438 (3.70%) C++
9 408 (3.45%) Shell Script
10 387 (3.27%) VBA
11 331 (2.79%) R
12 325 (2.74%) Scala
13 323 (2.73%) Perl
14 256 (2.16%) VB.NET
15 248 (2.09%) PHP
16 222 (1.87%) C
17 215 (1.82%) Bash Shell
18 188 (1.59%) VB
19 166 (1.40%) Ruby
20 120 (1.01%) TypeScript
Qualifications
1 770 (6.50%) Degree
2 645 (5.45%) Security Cleared
3 406 (3.43%) SC Cleared
4 153 (1.29%) Microsoft Certification
5 139 (1.17%) Computer Science Degree
6 138 (1.17%) DV Cleared
7 120 (1.01%) ISTQB
8 111 (0.94%) ISEB
9 89 (0.75%) MCSE
10 71 (0.60%) Master's Degree
11 60 (0.51%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
12 53 (0.45%) BPSS Clearance
12 53 (0.45%) Numerate Degree
13 44 (0.37%) MCSA
14 41 (0.35%) PhD
15 40 (0.34%) MCITP
16 26 (0.22%) ITIL Certification
16 26 (0.22%) Sun Certification
17 25 (0.21%) Cisco Certification
17 25 (0.21%) CISSP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 593 (5.01%) QA
2 417 (3.52%) Data Quality
3 153 (1.29%) MiFID
4 132 (1.11%) SLA
5 94 (0.79%) GDPR
6 42 (0.35%) EMIR
7 32 (0.27%) Disclosure Scotland
8 27 (0.23%) Sarbanes-Oxley
9 26 (0.22%) GCP
9 26 (0.22%) ISO/IEC 27001
10 25 (0.21%) PMO
11 22 (0.19%) PCI DSS
12 21 (0.18%) IFRS
13 20 (0.17%) Dodd-Frank
14 17 (0.14%) IFRS 9
14 17 (0.14%) Solvency II
15 15 (0.13%) HL7
16 10 (0.084%) GxP
16 10 (0.084%) RosettaNet
17 9 (0.076%) Basel II
System Software
1 551 (4.65%) Active Directory
2 330 (2.79%) Docker
3 232 (1.96%) VMware Infrastructure
4 104 (0.88%) HDFS
4 104 (0.88%) Hyper-V
5 78 (0.66%) VMware ESXi
6 66 (0.56%) Apache Flume
7 64 (0.54%) vSphere
8 52 (0.44%) XenApp
9 51 (0.43%) Oracle RAC
9 51 (0.43%) Virtual Machines
10 35 (0.30%) Virtual Servers
11 28 (0.24%) Apache ZooKeeper
12 18 (0.15%) Oracle Clusterware
12 18 (0.15%) Terminal Services
12 18 (0.15%) XenDesktop
13 14 (0.12%) NFS
14 12 (0.10%) VirtualBox
15 10 (0.084%) BitLocker
15 10 (0.084%) VMware Workstation
Systems Management
1 281 (2.37%) Puppet
2 227 (1.92%) Ansible
3 197 (1.66%) Opscode Chef
4 110 (0.93%) SCCM
5 102 (0.86%) SCOM
6 80 (0.68%) HP Quality Center
7 78 (0.66%) Grafana
8 76 (0.64%) Kibana
9 71 (0.60%) Kubernetes
10 64 (0.54%) logstash
11 57 (0.48%) Control-M
12 53 (0.45%) Terraform
13 50 (0.42%) Hadoop YARN
14 46 (0.39%) Oozie
15 45 (0.38%) Data Guard
16 43 (0.36%) Ambari
17 37 (0.31%) Nagios
18 36 (0.30%) Oracle RMAN
19 34 (0.29%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
20 32 (0.27%) ZABBIX
Vendors
1 2,427 (20.49%) Oracle
2 2,101 (17.74%) Microsoft
3 571 (4.82%) Tableau
4 394 (3.33%) VMware
5 328 (2.77%) IBM
6 327 (2.76%) SAP
7 270 (2.28%) HP
8 265 (2.24%) Sybase
9 194 (1.64%) Google
10 185 (1.56%) Citrix
11 179 (1.51%) Red Hat
12 166 (1.40%) Salesforce.com
13 158 (1.33%) Informatica
14 148 (1.25%) Cisco
15 143 (1.21%) TIBCO
16 128 (1.08%) Cognos
16 128 (1.08%) Splunk
17 104 (0.88%) AppDynamics
18 102 (0.86%) Teradata
19 94 (0.79%) Adobe