Period
to

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for SQL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited SQL over the 6 months to 20 May 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

SQL (Structured Query Language)
UK > England
6 months to
20 May 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 9 6 7
Rank change year-on-year -3 +1 -2
Contract jobs citing SQL 8,778 5,959 5,675
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 12.37% 12.94% 13.00%
As % of the Programming Languages category 33.31% 31.62% 31.52%
Number of daily rates quoted 6,370 4,092 4,054
10th Percentile £363 £315 £313
25th Percentile £425 £400 £400
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £540 £500 £475
Median % change year-on-year +8.00% +5.26% +5.56%
75th Percentile £650 £600 £563
90th Percentile £750 £688 £650
UK median daily rate £525 £488 £453
% change year-on-year +7.69% +7.56% +0.72%
Number of hourly rates quoted 129 108 88
10th Percentile £16.25 £14.60 £14.10
25th Percentile £20.00 £20.19 £17.99
Median hourly rate £35.00 £26.25 £24.70
Median % change year-on-year +33.33% +6.28% +0.82%
75th Percentile £50.00 £45.78 £40.81
90th Percentile £63.63 £58.71 £50.53
UK median hourly rate £35.00 £27.00 £24.70
% change year-on-year +29.63% +9.31% +2.43%

SQL is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 26,355 18,846 18,007
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 37.13% 40.92% 41.26%
Number of daily rates quoted 19,442 13,469 12,855
10th Percentile £381 £325 £325
25th Percentile £458 £410 £406
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £500 £500
Median % change year-on-year +10.00% - +2.56%
75th Percentile £675 £600 £588
90th Percentile £775 £694 £675
UK median daily rate £550 £500 £488
% change year-on-year +10.00% +2.56% +2.63%
Number of hourly rates quoted 477 373 300
10th Percentile £20.15 £17.31 £17.73
25th Percentile £35.00 £24.50 £22.00
Median hourly rate £50.00 £42.00 £43.25
Median % change year-on-year +19.05% -2.89% -1.05%
75th Percentile £62.25 £52.50 £50.00
90th Percentile £75.00 £62.00 £57.50
UK median hourly rate £50.00 £41.66 £42.50
% change year-on-year +20.02% -1.98% -1.16%

SQL
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing SQL as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for SQL in England

SQL
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing SQL in England.

Daily rate trend for SQL in England

SQL
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing SQL in England over the 6 months to 20 May 2022.

Daily rate histogram for SQL in England

SQL
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing SQL in England.

Hourly rate trend for SQL in England

SQL
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing SQL in England over the 6 months to 20 May 2022.

Hourly rate histogram for SQL in England

SQL
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing SQL within the England region over the 6 months to 20 May 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
London -1 5,286 £576 +4.64% 955
North of England +2 802 £463 +15.63% 478
South East -2 797 £500 +5.26% 350
Midlands -3 630 £440 +10.00% 350
North West +7 538 £475 +18.75% 249
West Midlands -3 468 £450 +11.11% 206
South West +1 367 £475 +5.56% 191
East of England -2 254 £425 - 175
Yorkshire -3 237 £450 +12.50% 165
East Midlands -2 157 £398 +6.00% 142
North East -14 32 £500 +5.26% 67
SQL
UK

For the 6 months to 20 May 2022, IT contractor jobs citing SQL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for SQL.

1 2,589 (29.49%) Agile
2 2,495 (28.42%) Azure
3 2,265 (25.80%) Python
4 2,120 (24.15%) Finance
5 1,948 (22.19%) SQL Server
6 1,804 (20.55%) Social Skills
7 1,739 (19.81%) Oracle
8 1,637 (18.65%) Microsoft
9 1,558 (17.75%) C#
10 1,506 (17.16%) DevOps
11 1,484 (16.91%) .NET
12 1,477 (16.83%) Java
13 1,463 (16.67%) AWS
14 1,430 (16.29%) Business Intelligence
15 1,290 (14.70%) Analytics
16 1,278 (14.56%) JavaScript
17 1,136 (12.94%) ETL
18 1,135 (12.93%) Windows
19 1,125 (12.82%) CI/CD
20 1,097 (12.50%) Power Platform
21 1,071 (12.20%) Banking
22 1,018 (11.60%) Power BI
23 1,014 (11.55%) Git (software)
24 1,007 (11.47%) Analytical Skills
25 1,004 (11.44%) Linux
26 981 (11.18%) Problem-Solving
27 961 (10.95%) Data Warehouse
28 960 (10.94%) Data Modelling
29 889 (10.13%) Migration
30 867 (9.88%) Scrum

SQL
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 382 (4.35%) Confluence
2 300 (3.42%) Apache Spark
3 230 (2.62%) SharePoint
4 172 (1.96%) Apache
5 155 (1.77%) SAS
6 142 (1.62%) Apache Airflow
7 129 (1.47%) WebLogic
8 113 (1.29%) Elasticsearch
9 100 (1.14%) IIS
10 76 (0.87%) Tomcat
11 69 (0.79%) WebSphere
12 66 (0.75%) BizTalk Server
13 48 (0.55%) MS Exchange
14 44 (0.50%) JBoss
15 38 (0.43%) CMS
15 38 (0.43%) Oracle Coherence
16 35 (0.40%) Exchange Server 2013
17 33 (0.38%) Oracle SOA Suite
17 33 (0.38%) Skype for Business
18 30 (0.34%) Oracle Workflow
Applications
1 491 (5.59%) Microsoft Excel
2 154 (1.75%) Microsoft Office
3 67 (0.76%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 58 (0.66%) MS Visio
5 36 (0.41%) Microsoft Project
6 29 (0.33%) SPSS
7 16 (0.18%) Spreadsheet
8 10 (0.11%) Stata
9 8 (0.091%) CATIA
10 5 (0.057%) Adobe Illustrator
10 5 (0.057%) Oracle Smart View
11 4 (0.046%) InfoPath
11 4 (0.046%) Simulink
12 3 (0.034%) Siemens NX
12 3 (0.034%) Windchill
13 2 (0.023%) AutoCAD
13 2 (0.023%) Autodesk Inventor
13 2 (0.023%) Chatbot
13 2 (0.023%) Mathcad
13 2 (0.023%) SOLIDWORKS
Business Applications
1 58 (0.66%) Dynamics CRM
2 57 (0.65%) Oracle EBS
3 44 (0.50%) assyst
4 27 (0.31%) Oracle Applications
5 26 (0.30%) Oracle ERP
6 23 (0.26%) Dynamics AX
6 23 (0.26%) Oracle Receivables
7 22 (0.25%) NetSuite
8 20 (0.23%) SAP FI-CA
8 20 (0.23%) SAP PSCD
9 19 (0.22%) ION MarketView
10 18 (0.21%) SAP S/4HANA
11 17 (0.19%) BusinessWorks
11 17 (0.19%) Oracle 11i
11 17 (0.19%) Oracle EBS R12
11 17 (0.19%) Oracle Payables
12 16 (0.18%) Endur
13 15 (0.17%) HiPortfolio
14 12 (0.14%) SunGard Martini
15 11 (0.13%) Misys Midas
Cloud Services
1 2,495 (28.42%) Azure
2 1,463 (16.67%) AWS
3 1,097 (12.50%) Power Platform
4 591 (6.73%) GCP
5 357 (4.07%) Azure Data Factory
6 334 (3.80%) Serverless
7 302 (3.44%) Microsoft 365
8 245 (2.79%) GitHub
9 243 (2.77%) PaaS
10 215 (2.45%) SaaS
11 181 (2.06%) Amazon S3
12 161 (1.83%) AWS Lambda
13 160 (1.82%) Azure Cosmos DB
13 160 (1.82%) Snowflake
14 159 (1.81%) IaaS
15 152 (1.73%) Azure Active Directory
16 150 (1.71%) Azure Synapse Analytics
17 140 (1.59%) Azure Functions
18 136 (1.55%) PowerApps
19 123 (1.40%) Azure Service Bus
Communications & Networking
1 199 (2.27%) Firewall
2 180 (2.05%) DNS
3 146 (1.66%) TCP/IP
4 121 (1.38%) HTTP
5 110 (1.25%) DHCP
6 95 (1.08%) Internet
7 70 (0.80%) SAN
8 58 (0.66%) SSL
9 53 (0.60%) Wi-Fi
10 48 (0.55%) VPN
11 46 (0.52%) WAN
12 44 (0.50%) FTP
13 43 (0.49%) HTTPS
14 42 (0.48%) Skype
15 39 (0.44%) SSH
16 35 (0.40%) Kerberos
17 31 (0.35%) LAN
17 31 (0.35%) RTMP
18 28 (0.32%) VoIP
19 27 (0.31%) Network Security
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,948 (22.19%) SQL Server
2 1,018 (11.60%) Power BI
3 961 (10.95%) Data Warehouse
4 616 (7.02%) Relational Database
5 579 (6.60%) NoSQL
6 534 (6.08%) SQL Server Integration Services
7 511 (5.82%) PostgreSQL
8 478 (5.45%) Oracle Database
9 447 (5.09%) Tableau
10 403 (4.59%) Azure SQL Database
11 400 (4.56%) SQL Server Reporting Services
12 386 (4.40%) Big Data
13 366 (4.17%) MySQL
14 338 (3.85%) Data Lake
15 313 (3.57%) MongoDB
16 233 (2.65%) Hadoop
17 215 (2.45%) RDBMS
18 201 (2.29%) SQL Server Analysis Services
19 171 (1.95%) Amazon Redshift
20 163 (1.86%) BigQuery
Development Applications
1 1,014 (11.55%) Git (software)
2 859 (9.79%) JIRA
3 571 (6.50%) Jenkins
4 245 (2.79%) GitLab
5 234 (2.67%) Visual Studio
6 211 (2.40%) Bitbucket
7 209 (2.38%) Selenium
8 194 (2.21%) Maven
9 193 (2.20%) TeamCity
10 158 (1.80%) Cucumber
11 129 (1.47%) Postman
12 122 (1.39%) Team Foundation Server
13 121 (1.38%) SoapUI
14 112 (1.28%) Subversion
15 105 (1.20%) Artifactory
16 100 (1.14%) JUnit
17 87 (0.99%) SonarQube
18 84 (0.96%) JMeter
19 83 (0.95%) SQL Server Management Studio (SSMS)
20 72 (0.82%) Oracle Forms
General
1 2,120 (24.15%) Finance
2 1,804 (20.55%) Social Skills
3 1,071 (12.20%) Banking
4 1,007 (11.47%) Analytical Skills
5 606 (6.90%) Front Office
6 495 (5.64%) Public Sector
7 489 (5.57%) Investment Banking
8 259 (2.95%) Retail
9 221 (2.52%) Marketing
10 168 (1.91%) Telecoms
11 161 (1.83%) Presentation Skills
12 152 (1.73%) Legal
13 102 (1.16%) Law
14 99 (1.13%) Back Office
15 87 (0.99%) Manufacturing
16 86 (0.98%) Influencing Skills
17 78 (0.89%) Financial Institution
18 68 (0.77%) Organisational Skills
19 57 (0.65%) Documentation Skills
20 54 (0.62%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 3,200 (36.45%) Developer
2 1,636 (18.64%) Analyst
3 744 (8.48%) Data Engineer
4 629 (7.17%) Data Analyst
5 484 (5.51%) .NET Developer
6 456 (5.19%) Architect
7 440 (5.01%) SQL Developer
8 424 (4.83%) Python Developer
9 423 (4.82%) Java Developer
10 397 (4.52%) C# Developer
11 370 (4.22%) Business Analyst
12 360 (4.10%) Senior Developer
13 325 (3.70%) Software Engineer
14 313 (3.57%) DBA
15 303 (3.45%) Full Stack Developer
16 270 (3.08%) Python Engineer
17 243 (2.77%) Azure Engineer
18 239 (2.72%) Business Intelligence Developer
19 235 (2.68%) Consultant
20 222 (2.53%) SQL Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,484 (16.91%) .NET
2 743 (8.46%) HTML
3 733 (8.35%) React
4 591 (6.73%) CSS
5 557 (6.35%) REST
6 530 (6.04%) XML
7 460 (5.24%) AngularJS
8 416 (4.74%) JSON
9 410 (4.67%) Spring
10 387 (4.41%) Kafka
11 372 (4.24%) ASP.NET
12 368 (4.19%) RESTful
13 352 (4.01%) Web Services
14 350 (3.99%) .NET Framework
15 347 (3.95%) Node.js
16 344 (3.92%) .NET Core
17 302 (3.44%) Spring Boot
18 288 (3.28%) HTML5
19 253 (2.88%) jQuery
20 251 (2.86%) SOAP
Miscellaneous
1 265 (3.02%) Derivative
2 234 (2.67%) User Experience
3 208 (2.37%) Self-Motivation
4 203 (2.31%) Data Structures
5 200 (2.28%) Equities
6 197 (2.24%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
7 166 (1.89%) NHS
8 150 (1.71%) Management Information System
9 148 (1.69%) Fixed Income
10 143 (1.63%) Cloud Native
10 143 (1.63%) Hedge funds
11 141 (1.61%) Algorithms
12 133 (1.52%) Replication
13 131 (1.49%) Greenfield Project
14 120 (1.37%) Clustering
15 108 (1.23%) Legacy Systems
16 103 (1.17%) Data Protection Act
17 97 (1.11%) Virtual Team
18 89 (1.01%) Reference Data
19 88 (1.00%) Public Cloud
Operating Systems
1 1,135 (12.93%) Windows
2 1,004 (11.44%) Linux
3 715 (8.15%) Unix
4 366 (4.17%) Windows Server
5 129 (1.47%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 118 (1.34%) Windows Server 2012
7 87 (0.99%) Windows 10
8 79 (0.90%) Windows Server 2019
9 63 (0.72%) Windows Server 2016
10 59 (0.67%) Apple iOS
11 44 (0.50%) Windows Server 2008
12 41 (0.47%) Solaris
13 37 (0.42%) AIX
14 32 (0.36%) Windows 7
15 31 (0.35%) VMS
16 30 (0.34%) Ubuntu
17 24 (0.27%) Android
17 24 (0.27%) Windows Server 2003
18 16 (0.18%) Oracle Linux
19 12 (0.14%) CentOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,589 (29.49%) Agile
2 1,506 (17.16%) DevOps
3 1,430 (16.29%) Business Intelligence
4 1,290 (14.70%) Analytics
5 1,136 (12.94%) ETL
6 1,125 (12.82%) CI/CD
7 981 (11.18%) Problem-Solving
8 960 (10.94%) Data Modelling
9 889 (10.13%) Migration
10 867 (9.88%) Scrum
11 812 (9.25%) Software Engineering
12 733 (8.35%) Microservices
13 723 (8.24%) Test Automation
14 630 (7.18%) Full Stack Development
15 601 (6.85%) TDD
16 594 (6.77%) Visualisation
17 554 (6.31%) Data Analysis
18 492 (5.60%) Continuous Integration
19 429 (4.89%) Data Science
20 426 (4.85%) OO
Programming Languages
1 2,265 (25.80%) Python
2 1,558 (17.75%) C#
3 1,477 (16.83%) Java
4 1,278 (14.56%) JavaScript
5 745 (8.49%) PL/SQL
6 677 (7.71%) T-SQL
7 600 (6.84%) PowerShell
8 473 (5.39%) TypeScript
9 282 (3.21%) C++
10 281 (3.20%) R
11 263 (3.00%) Shell Script
12 237 (2.70%) Scala
13 207 (2.36%) VBA
14 192 (2.19%) C
15 175 (1.99%) Bash
16 158 (1.80%) Go
17 128 (1.46%) Perl
18 107 (1.22%) VB
19 97 (1.11%) PHP
20 87 (0.99%) Data Analysis Expressions (DAX)
Qualifications
1 809 (9.22%) Security Cleared
2 677 (7.71%) SC Cleared
3 438 (4.99%) Degree
4 145 (1.65%) Computer Science Degree
5 117 (1.33%) DV Cleared
6 79 (0.90%) ISTQB
7 68 (0.77%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
8 60 (0.68%) BPSS Clearance
9 59 (0.67%) Microsoft Certification
10 51 (0.58%) ISEB
11 50 (0.57%) PMP
12 45 (0.51%) Numerate Degree
13 43 (0.49%) Master's Degree
14 37 (0.42%) PhD
15 35 (0.40%) AWS Certification
16 20 (0.23%) ITIL Certification
17 17 (0.19%) MCSE
17 17 (0.19%) PMI Certification
18 16 (0.18%) Oracle Certification
19 15 (0.17%) CISSP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 520 (5.92%) QA
2 392 (4.47%) Data Quality
3 136 (1.55%) SLA
4 97 (1.11%) GDPR
5 64 (0.73%) Accessibility
6 33 (0.38%) MiFID
7 32 (0.36%) PCI DSS
8 31 (0.35%) IFRS
9 26 (0.30%) PMO
10 22 (0.25%) EMIR
10 22 (0.25%) IFRS 17
11 21 (0.24%) WCAG
12 17 (0.19%) ISO/IEC 27001
13 16 (0.18%) NIST
14 15 (0.17%) GLBA
15 13 (0.15%) Actionable Recommendations
15 13 (0.15%) Dodd-Frank
16 11 (0.13%) Sarbanes-Oxley
16 11 (0.13%) Solvency II
17 10 (0.11%) SEPA
System Software
1 650 (7.40%) Docker
2 437 (4.98%) Active Directory
3 267 (3.04%) VMware Infrastructure
4 134 (1.53%) Hyper-V
5 104 (1.18%) Virtual Machines
6 78 (0.89%) Oracle RAC
7 73 (0.83%) HDFS
8 61 (0.69%) vSphere
9 31 (0.35%) VMware ESXi
10 28 (0.32%) XenApp
11 23 (0.26%) Microsoft App-V
12 18 (0.21%) VMware NSX
13 17 (0.19%) NFS
14 15 (0.17%) Virtual Desktop
15 12 (0.14%) Apache ZooKeeper
15 12 (0.14%) Ceph
15 12 (0.14%) XenDesktop
16 11 (0.13%) Virtual Servers
17 9 (0.10%) GridGain
18 7 (0.080%) Oracle Clusterware
Systems Management
1 588 (6.70%) Kubernetes
2 401 (4.57%) Terraform
3 328 (3.74%) Ansible
4 95 (1.08%) ITRS Geneos
4 95 (1.08%) SCCM
5 87 (0.99%) Puppet
6 71 (0.81%) BladeLogic
7 65 (0.74%) Data Guard
8 61 (0.69%) Grafana
8 61 (0.69%) Prometheus
9 59 (0.67%) Oracle RMAN
10 58 (0.66%) Kibana
11 52 (0.59%) Opscode Chef
12 49 (0.56%) Microsoft Intune
13 47 (0.54%) Microsoft Clustering
14 37 (0.42%) Active Directory Federation Services
15 34 (0.39%) Single Sign-On
16 32 (0.36%) Istio
17 26 (0.30%) Control-M
18 23 (0.26%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
Vendors
1 1,739 (19.81%) Oracle
2 1,637 (18.65%) Microsoft
3 396 (4.51%) Databricks
4 381 (4.34%) VMware
5 315 (3.59%) Google
6 279 (3.18%) SAP
7 171 (1.95%) Informatica
8 170 (1.94%) Red Hat
9 163 (1.86%) IBM
10 157 (1.79%) TIBCO
11 133 (1.52%) Splunk
12 115 (1.31%) Citrix
13 108 (1.23%) Cisco
14 99 (1.13%) Salesforce.com
15 98 (1.12%) ServiceNow
16 95 (1.08%) Alteryx
17 92 (1.05%) Bloomberg
18 91 (1.04%) Talend
19 79 (0.90%) Cloudera
20 66 (0.75%) Sybase