Period
to 18 November 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for SQL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited SQL over the 6 months to 18 November 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

SQL (Structured Query Language)
UK > England
6 months to
18 Nov 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 6 6 5
Rank change year-on-year 0 -1 0
Contract jobs citing SQL 12,328 12,306 13,067
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 13.17% 13.11% 13.31%
As % of the Programming Languages category 29.20% 31.06% 32.87%
Number of daily rates quoted 8,696 8,581 9,013
England median daily rate £450 £438 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.86% +9.38% -
10th Percentile £306 £290 £263
90th Percentile £625 £625 £575
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £400
% change year-on-year +5.88% +6.25% +2.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 155 221 246
England median hourly rate £29.31 £28.00 £28.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +4.68% -1.75% +2.19%
10th Percentile £13.81 £13.25 £13.27
90th Percentile £56.80 £53.00 £50.00
UK median hourly rate £27.50 £27.00 £28.00
% change year-on-year +1.85% -3.57% -

SQL is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 42,213 39,626 39,752
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 45.08% 42.20% 40.50%
Number of daily rates quoted 30,038 27,946 27,562
England median daily rate £475 £455 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +4.40% +7.06% +3.66%
10th Percentile £320 £310 £288
90th Percentile £650 £638 £594
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £425
% change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 612 749 818
England median hourly rate £42.00 £40.00 £37.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +5.00% +6.67% +0.74%
10th Percentile £17.02 £16.25 £14.50
90th Percentile £52.50 £52.50 £51.77
UK median hourly rate £41.53 £40.00 £37.50
% change year-on-year +3.83% +6.67% +0.67%

SQL
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing SQL as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for SQL in England

SQL
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing SQL in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for SQL in England

SQL
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing SQL in England over the 6 months to 18 November 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for SQL in England

SQL
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing SQL in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for SQL in England

SQL
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing SQL in England over the 6 months to 18 November 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for SQL in England

SQL
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing SQL within the England region over the 6 months to 18 November 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +1 6,232 £500 +2.56% 1,777
South East 0 1,989 £425 +6.25% 820
North of England +2 1,624 £380 +1.33% 988
Midlands +1 1,023 £400 +6.67% 686
South West +1 864 £413 +8.55% 429
North West -1 773 £375 - 536
Yorkshire +2 694 £400 +5.26% 371
West Midlands +1 665 £400 +6.67% 417
East of England -2 571 £413 +13.01% 366
East Midlands 0 354 £388 +10.71% 268
North East 0 160 £375 -6.25% 81
South Coast - 3 - -
SQL
UK

For the 6 months to 18 November 2018, IT contractor jobs citing SQL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for SQL.

1 3,862 (31.33%) Agile Software Development
2 3,605 (29.24%) SQL Server
3 3,002 (24.35%) C#
4 2,811 (22.80%) .NET
5 2,764 (22.42%) Finance
6 2,499 (20.27%) Oracle
7 2,378 (19.29%) Java
8 2,369 (19.22%) Microsoft
9 2,071 (16.80%) JavaScript
10 1,890 (15.33%) Microsoft Azure
11 1,841 (14.93%) Business Intelligence
12 1,639 (13.29%) Python
13 1,625 (13.18%) Windows
14 1,471 (11.93%) Linux
15 1,470 (11.92%) ETL
16 1,454 (11.79%) T-SQL
17 1,401 (11.36%) SQL Server Integration Services
18 1,371 (11.12%) Data Warehouse
19 1,357 (11.01%) TDD
20 1,349 (10.94%) HTML
21 1,286 (10.43%) Scrum
22 1,278 (10.37%) Unix
23 1,247 (10.12%) Test Automation
24 1,240 (10.06%) Analytical Skills
25 1,213 (9.84%) Git (software)
26 1,181 (9.58%) Analytics
27 1,144 (9.28%) Web Services
28 1,134 (9.20%) MVC
29 1,131 (9.17%) Amazon AWS
30 1,129 (9.16%) XML

SQL
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 463 (3.76%) Apache Spark
2 349 (2.83%) Confluence
3 327 (2.65%) Apache
4 323 (2.62%) SharePoint
5 317 (2.57%) IIS
6 286 (2.32%) SAS
7 270 (2.19%) WebLogic
8 251 (2.04%) Elasticsearch
9 206 (1.67%) Tomcat
10 175 (1.42%) CMS
11 145 (1.18%) MS Exchange
12 125 (1.01%) JBoss
13 122 (0.99%) WebSphere
14 100 (0.81%) nginx
15 94 (0.76%) Oracle SOA Suite
16 67 (0.54%) Oracle Workflow
17 65 (0.53%) BizTalk Server
18 54 (0.44%) NServiceBus
19 53 (0.43%) Exchange Server 2010
20 52 (0.42%) Mule
Applications
1 828 (6.72%) Microsoft Excel
2 249 (2.02%) Microsoft Office
3 121 (0.98%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 109 (0.88%) MS Visio
5 68 (0.55%) Microsoft Project
6 61 (0.49%) Spreadsheet
7 34 (0.28%) SPSS
8 17 (0.14%) Photoshop
9 16 (0.13%) Chatbot
10 6 (0.049%) Adobe Illustrator
11 5 (0.041%) Windchill
12 4 (0.032%) Acrobat
12 4 (0.032%) Stata
13 3 (0.024%) GNU Octave
13 3 (0.024%) InfoPath
13 3 (0.024%) Mathematica
14 2 (0.016%) AutoCAD
15 1 (0.008%) Fireworks
15 1 (0.008%) Revit
15 1 (0.008%) RoboHelp
Business Applications
1 211 (1.71%) Dynamics CRM
2 97 (0.79%) Oracle EBS
3 86 (0.70%) Oracle EBS R12
4 59 (0.48%) Dynamics AX
4 59 (0.48%) Markit EDM
5 57 (0.46%) Oracle Receivables
6 52 (0.42%) Oracle Payables
7 43 (0.35%) Salesforce.com CRM
8 42 (0.34%) Dynamics NAV
9 33 (0.27%) Maximo
9 33 (0.27%) Oracle Financials
9 33 (0.27%) Remedy ITSM
10 32 (0.26%) Oracle General Ledger
11 25 (0.20%) Oracle ERP
11 25 (0.20%) Oracle Retail
12 24 (0.19%) Oracle Applications
12 24 (0.19%) Oracle BPM
12 24 (0.19%) thinkFolio
13 20 (0.16%) Sage 200
14 19 (0.15%) Oracle Cash Management
Cloud Services
1 1,890 (15.33%) Microsoft Azure
2 1,131 (9.17%) Amazon AWS
3 283 (2.30%) Google Cloud Platform
4 259 (2.10%) Office 365
5 256 (2.08%) PaaS
6 240 (1.95%) GitHub
7 215 (1.74%) IaaS
8 207 (1.68%) Amazon EC2
9 201 (1.63%) Amazon S3
10 157 (1.27%) SaaS
11 153 (1.24%) Dynamics 365
12 152 (1.23%) Azure Data Factory
13 130 (1.05%) Serverless
14 122 (0.99%) Azure Active Directory
15 115 (0.93%) Virtual Private Cloud
16 109 (0.88%) Cloud Computing
17 103 (0.84%) Google Analytics
18 94 (0.76%) Amazon EMR
19 78 (0.63%) npm
20 48 (0.39%) OpenShift
Communications & Networking
1 235 (1.91%) Firewall
2 204 (1.65%) HTTP
3 193 (1.57%) TCP/IP
4 180 (1.46%) DNS
5 176 (1.43%) Internet
6 137 (1.11%) SAN
7 136 (1.10%) SSL
8 106 (0.86%) LAN
9 94 (0.76%) WAN
10 77 (0.62%) DHCP
11 72 (0.58%) VPN
12 54 (0.44%) AMQP
13 52 (0.42%) Skype
14 49 (0.40%) SMS
15 48 (0.39%) NAS
16 46 (0.37%) Kerberos
17 39 (0.32%) SSH
18 34 (0.28%) Intranet
19 33 (0.27%) HTTPS
20 26 (0.21%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 3,605 (29.24%) SQL Server
2 1,401 (11.36%) SQL Server Integration Services
3 1,371 (11.12%) Data Warehouse
4 1,076 (8.73%) SQL Server Reporting Services
5 1,008 (8.18%) NoSQL
6 960 (7.79%) Relational Database
7 800 (6.49%) Power BI
8 731 (5.93%) Big Data
9 613 (4.97%) MySQL
10 594 (4.82%) Hadoop
11 582 (4.72%) SQL Server Analysis Services
12 562 (4.56%) PostgreSQL
13 546 (4.43%) MongoDB
14 494 (4.01%) Oracle Database
15 373 (3.03%) Azure SQL Database
16 331 (2.68%) SQL Server 2008
17 326 (2.64%) Apache Hive
18 312 (2.53%) RDBMS
19 297 (2.41%) SQL Server 2016
20 291 (2.36%) SQL Server 2012
Development Applications
1 1,213 (9.84%) Git (software)
2 995 (8.07%) JIRA
3 773 (6.27%) Jenkins
4 581 (4.71%) Selenium
5 523 (4.24%) Visual Studio
6 499 (4.05%) Team Foundation Server
7 397 (3.22%) Cucumber
8 343 (2.78%) Maven
9 337 (2.73%) Subversion
10 322 (2.61%) TeamCity
11 302 (2.45%) JUnit
12 293 (2.38%) Visual Studio Team System
13 196 (1.59%) SoapUI
14 179 (1.45%) Eclipse
15 175 (1.42%) SpecFlow
16 157 (1.27%) Toad
17 148 (1.20%) JMeter
18 145 (1.18%) Bitbucket
19 144 (1.17%) Octopus Deploy
20 117 (0.95%) NUnit
General
1 2,764 (22.42%) Finance
2 1,119 (9.08%) Banking
3 598 (4.85%) Front Office
4 443 (3.59%) Retail
5 368 (2.99%) Investment Banking
6 335 (2.72%) Marketing
7 180 (1.46%) Telecoms
8 169 (1.37%) Back Office
9 165 (1.34%) Legal
10 135 (1.10%) Advertising
11 125 (1.01%) Financial Institution
12 120 (0.97%) Manufacturing
13 99 (0.80%) Law
14 89 (0.72%) Publishing
15 68 (0.55%) Games
16 63 (0.51%) General Ledger
17 62 (0.50%) Billing
18 56 (0.45%) Electronics
19 38 (0.31%) Pharmaceutical
19 38 (0.31%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 6,062 (49.17%) Developer
2 1,939 (15.73%) Analyst
3 1,254 (10.17%) .NET Developer
4 1,223 (9.92%) SQL Developer
5 1,123 (9.11%) C# Developer
6 864 (7.01%) Java Developer
7 549 (4.45%) Senior Developer
8 546 (4.43%) C# .NET Developer
9 544 (4.41%) Data Analyst
10 542 (4.40%) Architect
11 508 (4.12%) Business Intelligence Developer
12 485 (3.93%) Consultant
13 406 (3.29%) Test Analyst
14 386 (3.13%) Data Engineer
15 363 (2.94%) Full Stack Developer
16 352 (2.86%) SQL Analyst
17 351 (2.85%) DBA
18 311 (2.52%) Tester
19 309 (2.51%) Business Analyst
20 285 (2.31%) Oracle Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 2,811 (22.80%) .NET
2 1,349 (10.94%) HTML
3 1,144 (9.28%) Web Services
4 1,129 (9.16%) XML
5 1,090 (8.84%) CSS
6 1,071 (8.69%) ASP.NET
7 1,029 (8.35%) AngularJS
8 773 (6.27%) REST
9 759 (6.16%) .NET Framework
10 739 (5.99%) Spring
11 694 (5.63%) ASP.NET Web API
12 570 (4.62%) jQuery
13 551 (4.47%) JSON
14 515 (4.18%) Node.js
15 466 (3.78%) WCF
16 464 (3.76%) SOAP
17 455 (3.69%) RESTful
18 454 (3.68%) ASP.NET MVC
19 452 (3.67%) Entity Framework
20 448 (3.63%) React
Miscellaneous
1 1,240 (10.06%) Analytical Skills
2 594 (4.82%) Greenfield Project
3 434 (3.52%) Computer Science
4 356 (2.89%) Fixed Income
5 239 (1.94%) Fintech
6 237 (1.92%) Enterprise Software
6 237 (1.92%) Self-Motivation
7 236 (1.91%) Data Structures
8 224 (1.82%) User Experience
9 221 (1.79%) Algorithms
10 210 (1.70%) Derivative
11 203 (1.65%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
12 174 (1.41%) Management Information System
13 167 (1.35%) Data Centre
14 146 (1.18%) Mobile App
15 144 (1.17%) Equities
16 135 (1.10%) Hedge funds
17 134 (1.09%) Clustering
18 112 (0.91%) Replication
19 91 (0.74%) NHS
Operating Systems
1 1,625 (13.18%) Windows
2 1,471 (11.93%) Linux
3 1,278 (10.37%) Unix
4 621 (5.04%) Windows Server
5 208 (1.69%) Windows Server 2012
6 197 (1.60%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 189 (1.53%) Windows Server 2008
8 114 (0.92%) Windows 10
9 104 (0.84%) Apple iOS
10 96 (0.78%) Solaris
11 90 (0.73%) Android
12 89 (0.72%) Windows 7
13 79 (0.64%) Ubuntu
14 64 (0.52%) AIX
14 64 (0.52%) Windows Server 2003
15 55 (0.45%) CentOS
16 29 (0.24%) CoreOS
16 29 (0.24%) OpenVMS
16 29 (0.24%) VMS
17 20 (0.16%) Windows XP
Processes & Methodologies
1 3,862 (31.33%) Agile Software Development
2 1,841 (14.93%) Business Intelligence
3 1,470 (11.92%) ETL
4 1,357 (11.01%) TDD
5 1,286 (10.43%) Scrum
6 1,247 (10.12%) Test Automation
7 1,181 (9.58%) Analytics
8 1,134 (9.20%) MVC
9 1,024 (8.31%) Problem-Solving
10 1,012 (8.21%) DevOps
11 954 (7.74%) Migration
12 933 (7.57%) Continuous Integration
13 885 (7.18%) Data Modelling
14 806 (6.54%) Microservices
15 771 (6.25%) BDD
16 744 (6.04%) SDLC
17 659 (5.35%) Data Analysis
18 606 (4.92%) Software Engineering
19 594 (4.82%) OO
20 510 (4.14%) Unit Testing
Programming Languages
1 3,002 (24.35%) C#
2 2,378 (19.29%) Java
3 2,071 (16.80%) JavaScript
4 1,639 (13.29%) Python
5 1,454 (11.79%) T-SQL
6 967 (7.84%) PL/SQL
7 727 (5.90%) PowerShell
8 449 (3.64%) Shell Script
9 354 (2.87%) R
10 342 (2.77%) C++
11 340 (2.76%) Scala
12 326 (2.64%) Perl
13 324 (2.63%) VBA
14 320 (2.60%) Java 8
15 300 (2.43%) PHP
16 260 (2.11%) Bash Shell
17 229 (1.86%) VB.NET
18 213 (1.73%) VB
19 212 (1.72%) C
20 208 (1.69%) Ruby
Qualifications
1 750 (6.08%) Security Cleared
2 681 (5.52%) Degree
3 550 (4.46%) SC Cleared
4 261 (2.12%) ISTQB
5 229 (1.86%) ISEB
6 178 (1.44%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
7 168 (1.36%) Computer Science Degree
8 114 (0.92%) Microsoft Certification
9 112 (0.91%) DV Cleared
10 57 (0.46%) MCSE
11 52 (0.42%) Master's Degree
12 45 (0.37%) PhD
13 44 (0.36%) BPSS Clearance
14 43 (0.35%) Numerate Degree
15 31 (0.25%) ITIL Certification
16 29 (0.24%) Cisco Certification
16 29 (0.24%) MCSA
17 27 (0.22%) DBS Check
18 23 (0.19%) CCNA
18 23 (0.19%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 548 (4.45%) QA
2 411 (3.33%) Data Quality
3 102 (0.83%) GDPR
4 94 (0.76%) SLA
5 41 (0.33%) PMO
6 23 (0.19%) MiFID
7 21 (0.17%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 18 (0.15%) Basel III
9 17 (0.14%) IFRS
10 15 (0.12%) EMIR
11 11 (0.089%) Dodd-Frank
11 11 (0.089%) IFRS 9
12 10 (0.081%) Disclosure Scotland
12 10 (0.081%) HL7
12 10 (0.081%) PCI DSS
12 10 (0.081%) WCAG
13 9 (0.073%) Solvency II
14 8 (0.065%) ISO 9001
15 7 (0.057%) TickIT
16 6 (0.049%) WAI
System Software
1 636 (5.16%) Docker
2 556 (4.51%) Active Directory
3 277 (2.25%) VMware Infrastructure
4 172 (1.40%) Hyper-V
5 108 (0.88%) HDFS
6 80 (0.65%) XenApp
7 79 (0.64%) Virtual Machines
8 77 (0.62%) vSphere
9 72 (0.58%) Oracle RAC
10 59 (0.48%) VMware ESXi
11 54 (0.44%) Microsoft App-V
12 34 (0.28%) Apache Flume
13 27 (0.22%) XenDesktop
14 25 (0.20%) etcd
14 25 (0.20%) Virtual Servers
15 23 (0.19%) Xen
16 21 (0.17%) Apache ZooKeeper
16 21 (0.17%) flannel
16 21 (0.17%) SkyDNS
17 20 (0.16%) GlusterFS
Systems Management
1 328 (2.66%) Ansible
2 298 (2.42%) Puppet
3 296 (2.40%) Kubernetes
4 249 (2.02%) Opscode Chef
5 182 (1.48%) SCCM
6 135 (1.10%) Terraform
7 98 (0.79%) Kibana
8 87 (0.71%) SCOM
9 79 (0.64%) Hadoop YARN
10 66 (0.54%) Oozie
10 66 (0.54%) Single Sign-On
11 63 (0.51%) Microsoft Clustering
12 61 (0.49%) Grafana
13 55 (0.45%) HP ALM
14 52 (0.42%) Prometheus
15 50 (0.41%) logstash
16 49 (0.40%) NetBackup
17 41 (0.33%) Data Guard
18 40 (0.32%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
19 39 (0.32%) Nagios
Vendors
1 2,499 (20.27%) Oracle
2 2,369 (19.22%) Microsoft
3 525 (4.26%) Tableau
4 461 (3.74%) VMware
5 433 (3.51%) Google
6 409 (3.32%) SAP
7 262 (2.13%) IBM
8 226 (1.83%) Citrix
9 207 (1.68%) HP
10 190 (1.54%) Informatica
11 170 (1.38%) webMethods
12 164 (1.33%) Cisco
13 156 (1.27%) Red Hat
14 154 (1.25%) Salesforce.com
15 143 (1.16%) Teradata
16 126 (1.02%) Sybase
17 120 (0.97%) Talend
18 116 (0.94%) Splunk
19 112 (0.91%) Cloudera
20 97 (0.79%) Adobe