Period
to 12 July 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the North of England with a requirement for Linux skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Linux over the 6 months to 12 July 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Linux
England > North of England
6 months to
12 Jul 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 18 16 13
Rank change year-on-year -2 -3 -1
Contract jobs citing Linux 368 875 1,134
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the North of England 7.65% 8.05% 9.10%
As % of the Operating Systems category 33.27% 37.23% 43.92%
Number of daily rates quoted 284 551 797
Median daily rate £475 £475 £420
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +13.10% -1.18%
10th Percentile £330 £350 £295
90th Percentile £613 £606 £575
England median daily rate £500 £500 £500
Number of hourly rates quoted 8 12 18
Median hourly rate £41.75 £37.50 £35.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +11.33% +7.14% -12.50%
10th Percentile £19.88 £12.63 £17.51
90th Percentile £48.30 £47.33 £49.13
England median hourly rate £46.50 £45.00 £42.50
% change year-on-year +3.33% +5.88% +6.25%

Linux is in the Operating Systems category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the North of England with a requirement for operating system skills.

All Operating Systems
North of England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills 1,106 2,350 2,582
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the North of England 23.00% 21.62% 20.71%
Number of daily rates quoted 680 1,413 1,563
Median daily rate £400 £400 £375
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +6.67% -6.25%
10th Percentile £150 £137 £180
90th Percentile £565 £575 £538
England median daily rate £438 £440 £438
% change year-on-year -0.57% +0.57% +2.94%
Number of hourly rates quoted 113 197 229
Median hourly rate £17.50 £15.50 £15.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +12.90% +3.33% +5.63%
10th Percentile £11.64 £11.00 £10.75
90th Percentile £25.29 £32.75 £42.50
Median hourly rate £18.70 £17.50 £17.50
% change year-on-year +6.86% - +4.14%

Linux
Job Vacancy Trend in the North of England

Job postings citing Linux as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in the North of England.

Job vacancy trend for Linux in the North of England

Linux
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the North of England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Linux in the North of England.

Daily rate trend for Linux in the North of England

Linux
Daily Rate Histogram in the North of England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Linux in the North of England over the 6 months to 12 July 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Linux in the North of England

Linux
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the North of England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Linux in the North of England.

Hourly rate trend for Linux in the North of England

Linux
Hourly Rate Histogram in the North of England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Linux in the North of England over the 6 months to 12 July 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for Linux in the North of England

Linux
Contract Job Locations in the North of England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Linux within the North of England region over the 6 months to 12 July 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
North West +5 211 £450 -4.76% 112
Yorkshire -10 116 £500 - 50
North East 0 42 £483 +7.22% 15
Linux
England

For the 6 months to 12 July 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Linux also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the North of England region with a requirement for Linux.

1 164 (44.57%) AWS
2 140 (38.04%) Agile Software Development
3 138 (37.50%) Unix
4 126 (34.24%) DevOps
5 120 (32.61%) Docker
6 110 (29.89%) Windows
7 109 (29.62%) Azure
8 105 (28.53%) Java
9 103 (27.99%) Jenkins
9 103 (27.99%) Kubernetes
10 93 (25.27%) Git (software)
11 91 (24.73%) Python
12 88 (23.91%) Puppet
13 83 (22.55%) Continuous Integration
14 82 (22.28%) Terraform
15 81 (22.01%) Ansible
16 75 (20.38%) Test Automation
17 73 (19.84%) MongoDB
18 68 (18.48%) VMware
18 68 (18.48%) Problem-Solving
19 66 (17.93%) Configuration Management
19 66 (17.93%) Oracle
20 62 (16.85%) SQL
21 59 (16.03%) Opscode Chef
22 58 (15.76%) Security Cleared
23 55 (14.95%) TDD
24 54 (14.67%) Public Sector
25 52 (14.13%) Bash Shell
26 51 (13.86%) Continuous Deployment
27 48 (13.04%) Mac OS X

Linux
Co-occurring IT Skills in the North of England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 18 (4.89%) Apache
2 14 (3.80%) Tomcat
3 9 (2.45%) Apache Spark
4 8 (2.17%) Confluence
4 8 (2.17%) IIS
5 7 (1.90%) Tuxedo
5 7 (1.90%) WebSphere
6 5 (1.36%) nginx
6 5 (1.36%) OpenStack
7 4 (1.09%) Elasticsearch
8 3 (0.82%) Jetty
8 3 (0.82%) Mongrel
8 3 (0.82%) Oracle SOA Suite
8 3 (0.82%) SAS
8 3 (0.82%) WebSphere Application Server
9 2 (0.54%) Documentum
9 2 (0.54%) JBoss
9 2 (0.54%) WebLogic
10 1 (0.27%) Adobe Experience Manager
10 1 (0.27%) SAP Portal
Applications
1 9 (2.45%) Microsoft Office
2 1 (0.27%) InVision
2 1 (0.27%) Microsoft Excel
2 1 (0.27%) Simulink
2 1 (0.27%) Sketch
Business Applications
1 5 (1.36%) Magento
2 2 (0.54%) BusinessWorks
3 1 (0.27%) Cognos Planning
3 1 (0.27%) Oracle EBS
3 1 (0.27%) Oracle ERP
3 1 (0.27%) Oracle HRMS
3 1 (0.27%) Oracle Payables
3 1 (0.27%) Oracle Payroll
3 1 (0.27%) Shopify
Cloud Services
1 164 (44.57%) AWS
2 109 (29.62%) Azure
3 32 (8.70%) GCP
4 25 (6.79%) Amazon EC2
5 23 (6.25%) AWS CloudFormation
5 23 (6.25%) Serverless
6 20 (5.43%) Virtual Private Cloud
7 18 (4.89%) Amazon S3
7 18 (4.89%) AWS Lambda
8 17 (4.62%) OpenShift
9 16 (4.35%) Amazon CloudWatch
10 15 (4.08%) Office 365
11 14 (3.80%) GitHub
12 10 (2.72%) Coveralls
13 9 (2.45%) IaaS
14 8 (2.17%) Amazon Kinesis
15 7 (1.90%) AWS CloudTrail
16 6 (1.63%) Amazon ELB
16 6 (1.63%) CloudFront
16 6 (1.63%) PaaS
Communications & Networking
1 45 (12.23%) HTTP
2 33 (8.97%) TCP/IP
3 23 (6.25%) DNS
4 16 (4.35%) Firewall
5 13 (3.53%) SSL
6 9 (2.45%) DHCP
7 7 (1.90%) Internet
8 5 (1.36%) HTTPS
9 4 (1.09%) BGP
9 4 (1.09%) FTP
9 4 (1.09%) IPv6
9 4 (1.09%) SAN
9 4 (1.09%) SNMP
9 4 (1.09%) VPN
9 4 (1.09%) WAN
10 3 (0.82%) IPsec
10 3 (0.82%) OSPF
10 3 (0.82%) VoIP
11 2 (0.54%) IGMP
11 2 (0.54%) RSVP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 73 (19.84%) MongoDB
2 40 (10.87%) MySQL
3 35 (9.51%) SQL Server
4 26 (7.07%) Oracle Database
5 22 (5.98%) Relational Database
6 20 (5.43%) NoSQL
7 18 (4.89%) RDBMS
8 16 (4.35%) Amazon RDS
9 10 (2.72%) PostgreSQL
10 8 (2.17%) Big Data
10 8 (2.17%) Hadoop
11 7 (1.90%) Oracle Database 12c
12 6 (1.63%) Oracle Reports
13 5 (1.36%) Apache Hive
13 5 (1.36%) SQL Server 2014
14 4 (1.09%) SQL Server 2008
14 4 (1.09%) SQL Server 2012
14 4 (1.09%) SQL Server 2016
15 3 (0.82%) Amazon DynamoDB
15 3 (0.82%) Sqoop
Development Applications
1 103 (27.99%) Jenkins
2 93 (25.27%) Git (software)
3 29 (7.88%) Mockito
4 24 (6.52%) GitLab
4 24 (6.52%) Subversion
5 23 (6.25%) JIRA
6 21 (5.71%) SonarQube
7 20 (5.43%) Maven
7 20 (5.43%) Octopus Deploy
8 19 (5.16%) CircleCI
9 17 (4.62%) Gradle
10 13 (3.53%) JUnit
11 11 (2.99%) Bitbucket Server
11 11 (2.99%) Jasmine
11 11 (2.99%) TeamCity
12 10 (2.72%) Grunt
12 10 (2.72%) gulp
12 10 (2.72%) Mocha
13 8 (2.17%) Bitbucket
14 7 (1.90%) Sonatype Nexus
General
1 54 (14.67%) Public Sector
2 29 (7.88%) Finance
3 8 (2.17%) Retail
4 6 (1.63%) Telecoms
5 3 (0.82%) Banking
5 3 (0.82%) Marketing
6 2 (0.54%) Avionics
6 2 (0.54%) Legal
7 1 (0.27%) Electronics
7 1 (0.27%) Financial Institution
7 1 (0.27%) Games
7 1 (0.27%) Manufacturing
Job Titles
1 82 (22.28%) Developer
2 67 (18.21%) DevOps Engineer
3 40 (10.87%) AWS Engineer
3 40 (10.87%) Java Developer
4 26 (7.07%) Operations Engineer
5 24 (6.52%) WebOps Engineer
6 22 (5.98%) AWS DevOps
7 21 (5.71%) Cloud Engineer
7 21 (5.71%) Web Engineer
8 20 (5.43%) Infrastructure Engineer
9 18 (4.89%) AWS DevOps Engineer
10 16 (4.35%) Linux Engineer
11 13 (3.53%) DBA
12 12 (3.26%) Administrator
12 12 (3.26%) Architect
12 12 (3.26%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
12 12 (3.26%) Unix Engineer
13 10 (2.72%) Wintel Engineer
14 9 (2.45%) Platform Engineer
14 9 (2.45%) Software Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 31 (8.42%) JAX-RS
2 29 (7.88%) ActiveMQ
3 25 (6.79%) HTML
4 20 (5.43%) CSS
4 20 (5.43%) Node.js
5 18 (4.89%) Middleware
6 16 (4.35%) Kafka
7 15 (4.08%) HTML5
8 14 (3.80%) .NET
9 12 (3.26%) Elastic Stack
9 12 (3.26%) REST
9 12 (3.26%) Sass
10 11 (2.99%) jQuery
11 10 (2.72%) Mustache
12 7 (1.90%) J2EE
12 7 (1.90%) Web Services
13 6 (1.63%) JSON
14 5 (1.36%) LAMP
14 5 (1.36%) SOAP
14 5 (1.36%) Spring
Miscellaneous
1 46 (12.50%) Analytical Skills
2 24 (6.52%) Data Centre
3 16 (4.35%) User Experience
4 14 (3.80%) Public Cloud
5 12 (3.26%) Management Information System
6 11 (2.99%) Linux Command Line
7 9 (2.45%) Clustering
8 7 (1.90%) Private Cloud
9 3 (0.82%) Greenfield Project
9 3 (0.82%) NHS
10 2 (0.54%) Algorithms
10 2 (0.54%) Embedded Systems
10 2 (0.54%) Security Operations Centre
10 2 (0.54%) Self-Motivation
10 2 (0.54%) Virtual Team
11 1 (0.27%) Cyberthreat
11 1 (0.27%) Device Driver
11 1 (0.27%) Enterprise Software
11 1 (0.27%) Hybrid Cloud
11 1 (0.27%) Mobile App
Operating Systems
1 138 (37.50%) Unix
2 110 (29.89%) Windows
3 48 (13.04%) Mac OS X
4 46 (12.50%) Windows Server
5 36 (9.78%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 20 (5.43%) Solaris
7 12 (3.26%) Windows Server 2008
8 11 (2.99%) Windows Server 2012
9 10 (2.72%) CentOS
10 9 (2.45%) SUSE
10 9 (2.45%) Windows 10
10 9 (2.45%) Windows Server 2016
11 7 (1.90%) Android
11 7 (1.90%) Windows 7
12 6 (1.63%) AIX
12 6 (1.63%) VME
13 4 (1.09%) Windows Server 2003
13 4 (1.09%) Windows XP
14 3 (0.82%) Embedded Linux
14 3 (0.82%) Ubuntu
Processes & Methodologies
1 140 (38.04%) Agile Software Development
2 126 (34.24%) DevOps
3 83 (22.55%) Continuous Integration
4 75 (20.38%) Test Automation
5 68 (18.48%) Problem-Solving
6 66 (17.93%) Configuration Management
7 55 (14.95%) TDD
8 51 (13.86%) Continuous Deployment
9 46 (12.50%) Microservices
10 43 (11.68%) Web Design
11 42 (11.41%) Responsive Web Design
12 39 (10.60%) BDD
13 37 (10.05%) Migration
14 36 (9.78%) Pair Programming
15 33 (8.97%) Web Development
15 33 (8.97%) Web Operations
16 29 (7.88%) Scrum
17 27 (7.34%) Open Source
18 26 (7.07%) High Availability
19 25 (6.79%) Infrastructure Engineering
Programming Languages
1 105 (28.53%) Java
2 91 (24.73%) Python
3 62 (16.85%) SQL
4 52 (14.13%) Bash Shell
5 47 (12.77%) JavaScript
6 36 (9.78%) Java 8
7 26 (7.07%) Shell Script
8 21 (5.71%) PowerShell
9 19 (5.16%) C++
10 17 (4.62%) PHP
11 16 (4.35%) C
12 13 (3.53%) Perl
13 11 (2.99%) Ruby
14 8 (2.17%) Groovy
15 6 (1.63%) COBOL
15 6 (1.63%) Embedded C++
15 6 (1.63%) R
16 4 (1.09%) REXX
16 4 (1.09%) Tcl
16 4 (1.09%) VB
Qualifications
1 58 (15.76%) Security Cleared
2 39 (10.60%) SC Cleared
3 26 (7.07%) BPSS Clearance
4 17 (4.62%) DBS Check
5 11 (2.99%) Degree
6 7 (1.90%) AWS Certification
7 3 (0.82%) CISM
7 3 (0.82%) CISSP
8 2 (0.54%) Cisco Certification
8 2 (0.54%) Computer Science Degree
8 2 (0.54%) GIAC
8 2 (0.54%) JNCIE
8 2 (0.54%) JNCIP
8 2 (0.54%) Master's Degree
8 2 (0.54%) Numerate Degree
8 2 (0.54%) RHCE
8 2 (0.54%) RHCSA
9 1 (0.27%) DV Cleared
9 1 (0.27%) ISTQB
9 1 (0.27%) OSCP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 18 (4.89%) QA
2 12 (3.26%) WCAG
3 8 (2.17%) SLA
4 4 (1.09%) Disclosure Scotland
5 3 (0.82%) PCI DSS
6 2 (0.54%) Data Quality
7 1 (0.27%) GDPR
7 1 (0.27%) IEC 62304
7 1 (0.27%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 1 (0.27%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
7 1 (0.27%) NIST
System Software
1 120 (32.61%) Docker
2 34 (9.24%) Active Directory
3 17 (4.62%) VMware Infrastructure
4 9 (2.45%) Virtual Machines
5 4 (1.09%) GlusterFS
5 4 (1.09%) NFS
6 3 (0.82%) Active Directory Lightweight Directory Services
6 3 (0.82%) VMware ESXi
6 3 (0.82%) Xen
7 2 (0.54%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 2 (0.54%) Hyper-V
7 2 (0.54%) Virtual Servers
8 1 (0.27%) Apache Flume
8 1 (0.27%) Citrix Presentation Server
8 1 (0.27%) Firmware
8 1 (0.27%) HDFS
8 1 (0.27%) iptables
8 1 (0.27%) ISA Server
8 1 (0.27%) Oracle RAC
8 1 (0.27%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 103 (27.99%) Kubernetes
2 88 (23.91%) Puppet
3 82 (22.28%) Terraform
4 81 (22.01%) Ansible
5 59 (16.03%) Opscode Chef
6 20 (5.43%) Rancher
6 20 (5.43%) Salt
7 15 (4.08%) Data Guard
8 13 (3.53%) NetBackup
9 12 (3.26%) SCCM
10 11 (2.99%) WSUS
11 10 (2.72%) Grafana
11 10 (2.72%) SCOM
12 9 (2.45%) Prometheus
13 6 (1.63%) logstash
13 6 (1.63%) Oracle RMAN
14 5 (1.36%) Packer
14 5 (1.36%) Red Hat Satellite
14 5 (1.36%) ZABBIX
15 4 (1.09%) CA Spectrum
Vendors
1 68 (18.48%) VMware
2 66 (17.93%) Oracle
3 37 (10.05%) Microsoft
4 31 (8.42%) Red Hat
5 27 (7.34%) Google
6 19 (5.16%) IBM
7 12 (3.26%) EMC
8 10 (2.72%) NetApp
9 9 (2.45%) SAP
10 8 (2.17%) Informatica
11 7 (1.90%) CA
11 7 (1.90%) Splunk
12 6 (1.63%) AppDynamics
12 6 (1.63%) Cloudera
12 6 (1.63%) IBM Sterling
12 6 (1.63%) Sun
13 5 (1.36%) Dynatrace
13 5 (1.36%) Hortonworks
13 5 (1.36%) HP
13 5 (1.36%) Zscaler