Period
to 18 November 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the North of England with a requirement for Linux skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Linux over the 6 months to 18 November 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Linux
England > North of England
6 months to
18 Nov 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 19 17 12
Rank change year-on-year -2 -5 -1
Contract jobs citing Linux 688 935 955
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the North of England 6.86% 7.80% 8.51%
As % of the Operating Systems category 30.38% 36.85% 41.00%
Number of daily rates quoted 476 632 700
North of England median daily rate £464 £438 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +6.00% +2.94% +3.03%
10th Percentile £319 £313 £305
90th Percentile £600 £588 £575
England median daily rate £500 £500 £475
% change year-on-year - +5.26% +5.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 7 15 14
North of England median hourly rate £40.00 £35.00 £43.75
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +14.29% -20.00% +54.87%
10th Percentile £17.26 £24.58 £35.38
90th Percentile £51.15 £48.75 £51.71
England median hourly rate £45.00 £42.50 £41.00
% change year-on-year +5.88% +3.66% +2.50%

Linux is in the Operating Systems category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the North of England with a requirement for operating system skills.

All Operating Systems
North of England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills 2,265 2,537 2,329
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the North of England 22.59% 21.16% 20.75%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,375 1,493 1,469
North of England median daily rate £385 £375 £390
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.67% -3.85% +5.41%
10th Percentile £138 £175 £157
90th Percentile £575 £538 £538
England median daily rate £425 £425 £425
Number of hourly rates quoted 217 278 194
North of England median hourly rate £15.50 £15.40 £14.20
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +0.65% +8.45% -11.25%
10th Percentile £11.17 £10.50 £10.04
90th Percentile £39.05 £35.00 £43.00
England median hourly rate £17.50 £17.50 £17.50

Linux
Job Vacancy Trend in the North of England

Job postings citing Linux as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in the North of England.

Job vacancy trend for Linux in the North of England

Linux
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the North of England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Linux in the North of England.

Contractor daily rate trend for Linux in the North of England

Linux
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in the North of England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Linux in the North of England over the 6 months to 18 November 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Linux in the North of England

Linux
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the North of England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Linux in the North of England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Linux in the North of England

Linux
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in the North of England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Linux in the North of England over the 6 months to 18 November 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Linux in the North of England

Linux
Contract Job Locations in the North of England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Linux within the North of England region over the 6 months to 18 November 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
North West +1 306 £465 +3.33% 189
Yorkshire +4 292 £468 +10.00% 132
North East -13 91 £455 +1.11% 41
Linux
England

For the 6 months to 18 November 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Linux also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the North of England region with a requirement for Linux.

1 256 (37.21%) AWS
2 239 (34.74%) DevOps
3 193 (28.05%) Python
4 188 (27.33%) Windows
4 188 (27.33%) Jenkins
5 169 (24.56%) Java
6 168 (24.42%) Unix
7 165 (23.98%) Docker
8 163 (23.69%) Ansible
8 163 (23.69%) Agile Software Development
9 154 (22.38%) Git (software)
10 153 (22.24%) Puppet
11 134 (19.48%) Configuration Management
12 131 (19.04%) Opscode Chef
13 128 (18.60%) Azure
14 122 (17.73%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
15 120 (17.44%) Bash Shell
16 114 (16.57%) Kubernetes
17 106 (15.41%) Continuous Integration
18 104 (15.12%) Terraform
19 95 (13.81%) Microservices
20 93 (13.52%) Shell Script
20 93 (13.52%) VMware
21 92 (13.37%) Red Hat
22 85 (12.35%) Open Source
23 84 (12.21%) Security Cleared
24 82 (11.92%) GCP
25 81 (11.77%) Software Engineering
26 80 (11.63%) SQL
27 77 (11.19%) Test Automation

Linux
Co-occurring IT Skills in the North of England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 61 (8.87%) Apache
2 52 (7.56%) nginx
3 51 (7.41%) Confluence
4 33 (4.80%) WebSphere
5 27 (3.92%) Tomcat
6 23 (3.34%) IIS
7 21 (3.05%) Apache Spark
8 18 (2.62%) Jetty
8 18 (2.62%) Mongrel
9 17 (2.47%) OpenStack
10 10 (1.45%) WebLogic
11 9 (1.31%) Jupyter
11 9 (1.31%) WebSphere Application Server
12 8 (1.16%) JBoss
12 8 (1.16%) MS Exchange
12 8 (1.16%) SharePoint
13 7 (1.02%) SAS
14 5 (0.73%) Apache Pig
14 5 (0.73%) Elasticsearch
15 4 (0.58%) Skype for Business
Applications
1 6 (0.87%) Microsoft Excel
1 6 (0.87%) Microsoft Office
2 3 (0.44%) MS Visio
3 2 (0.29%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 1 (0.15%) Microsoft Project
Business Applications
1 10 (1.45%) Remedy ITSM
2 2 (0.29%) Oracle Cash Management
3 1 (0.15%) Oracle Retail
3 1 (0.15%) Relativity
3 1 (0.15%) WebTrends
Cloud Services
1 256 (37.21%) AWS
2 128 (18.60%) Azure
3 82 (11.92%) GCP
4 69 (10.03%) Amazon EC2
5 50 (7.27%) GitHub
6 48 (6.98%) Amazon S3
7 42 (6.10%) AWS CloudFormation
8 39 (5.67%) Virtual Private Cloud
9 34 (4.94%) Office 365
10 29 (4.22%) Amazon ELB
11 28 (4.07%) Serverless
12 22 (3.20%) Route 53
13 21 (3.05%) Amazon CloudWatch
13 21 (3.05%) PaaS
14 18 (2.62%) AWS Lambda
15 17 (2.47%) OpenShift
16 16 (2.33%) Google App Engine
17 12 (1.74%) AWS CloudTrail
18 11 (1.60%) Datadog
18 11 (1.60%) IaaS
Communications & Networking
1 71 (10.32%) HTTP
2 64 (9.30%) TCP/IP
3 55 (7.99%) DNS
4 45 (6.54%) SSL
5 31 (4.51%) DHCP
6 28 (4.07%) Firewall
7 25 (3.63%) IPsec
8 24 (3.49%) FTP
9 20 (2.91%) SAN
10 19 (2.76%) NAS
11 14 (2.03%) VPN
12 13 (1.89%) VSAN
13 12 (1.74%) VoIP
13 12 (1.74%) WAN
14 11 (1.60%) HTTPS
14 11 (1.60%) LAN
15 10 (1.45%) Internet
16 9 (1.31%) Skype
17 8 (1.16%) Wi-Fi
18 7 (1.02%) Bluetooth
Database & Business Intelligence
1 71 (10.32%) MySQL
2 63 (9.16%) MongoDB
3 40 (5.81%) Big Data
4 39 (5.67%) PostgreSQL
5 33 (4.80%) Amazon RDS
6 28 (4.07%) Hadoop
6 28 (4.07%) SQL Server
7 27 (3.92%) NoSQL
8 20 (2.91%) Apache Cassandra
9 19 (2.76%) Relational Database
10 16 (2.33%) Oracle Database
11 15 (2.18%) DB2
12 13 (1.89%) BigQuery
12 13 (1.89%) RDBMS
13 10 (1.45%) Apache Hive
14 7 (1.02%) Amazon DynamoDB
14 7 (1.02%) Oracle Database 11g
14 7 (1.02%) Oracle Database 12c
15 6 (0.87%) Redis
16 5 (0.73%) SQL Server 2012
Development Applications
1 188 (27.33%) Jenkins
2 154 (22.38%) Git (software)
3 67 (9.74%) JIRA
4 32 (4.65%) GitLab
5 27 (3.92%) Travis CI
6 25 (3.63%) SonarQube
7 21 (3.05%) Maven
8 20 (2.91%) Cucumber
8 20 (2.91%) Subversion
9 18 (2.62%) Vagrant
10 16 (2.33%) Mockito
10 16 (2.33%) Sonatype Nexus
11 13 (1.89%) Bitbucket
12 12 (1.74%) Selenium
13 11 (1.60%) Artifactory
13 11 (1.60%) Gradle
14 9 (1.31%) Ant
15 8 (1.16%) Robot Framework
15 8 (1.16%) TeamCity
16 7 (1.02%) Gerrit
General
1 63 (9.16%) Finance
2 54 (7.85%) Public Sector
3 34 (4.94%) Retail
4 17 (2.47%) Banking
5 10 (1.45%) Financial Institution
6 7 (1.02%) Law
7 6 (0.87%) Games
7 6 (0.87%) Marketing
7 6 (0.87%) Telecoms
8 5 (0.73%) Legal
9 4 (0.58%) Billing
9 4 (0.58%) Electronics
10 3 (0.44%) Manufacturing
11 1 (0.15%) Automotive
11 1 (0.15%) Back Office
11 1 (0.15%) Corporate Banking
11 1 (0.15%) Investment Banking
11 1 (0.15%) Military
11 1 (0.15%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 146 (21.22%) DevOps Engineer
2 111 (16.13%) Developer
3 56 (8.14%) Administrator
4 49 (7.12%) Analyst
5 47 (6.83%) Software Engineer
6 41 (5.96%) Linux Engineer
7 38 (5.52%) Consultant
8 37 (5.38%) Infrastructure Engineer
9 32 (4.65%) AWS Engineer
10 29 (4.22%) Senior DevOps
11 26 (3.78%) Senior DevOps Engineer
12 25 (3.63%) Java Developer
13 24 (3.49%) AWS DevOps
14 23 (3.34%) Platform Engineer
15 22 (3.20%) Systems Administrator
16 21 (3.05%) Cloud Engineer
16 21 (3.05%) Linux Administrator
16 21 (3.05%) Python Developer
17 20 (2.91%) Business Analyst
17 20 (2.91%) Systems Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 67 (9.74%) .NET
2 34 (4.94%) Web Services
3 29 (4.22%) Node.js
4 28 (4.07%) jQuery
5 27 (3.92%) REST
6 24 (3.49%) JSON
7 22 (3.20%) J2EE
8 21 (3.05%) React
9 20 (2.91%) HTML
10 18 (2.62%) Servlets
11 17 (2.47%) CSS
12 16 (2.33%) JAX-RS
12 16 (2.33%) Middleware
13 15 (2.18%) ActiveMQ
13 15 (2.18%) AngularJS
13 15 (2.18%) Elastic Stack
13 15 (2.18%) LEMP Stack
14 14 (2.03%) LAMP
14 14 (2.03%) SOAP
15 11 (1.60%) Ruby on Rails
Miscellaneous
1 45 (6.54%) Analytical Skills
2 41 (5.96%) Data Centre
3 38 (5.52%) Clustering
4 33 (4.80%) Public Cloud
5 31 (4.51%) Linux Command Line
6 18 (2.62%) Enterprise Software
7 10 (1.45%) Greenfield Project
8 9 (1.31%) Self-Motivation
9 8 (1.16%) Mainframe
9 8 (1.16%) Management Information System
10 7 (1.02%) Embedded Systems
11 6 (0.87%) User Experience
12 5 (0.73%) Blog
12 5 (0.73%) EMC VMAX
12 5 (0.73%) EMC VNX
12 5 (0.73%) Replication
12 5 (0.73%) Security Operations Centre
12 5 (0.73%) Virtual Team
13 4 (0.58%) Client/Server
13 4 (0.58%) Smartphone
Operating Systems
1 188 (27.33%) Windows
2 168 (24.42%) Unix
3 122 (17.73%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
4 69 (10.03%) CentOS
5 64 (9.30%) Windows Server
6 43 (6.25%) Solaris
7 35 (5.09%) Ubuntu
8 21 (3.05%) Mac OS X
9 18 (2.62%) Windows Server 2012
10 17 (2.47%) AIX
10 17 (2.47%) SUSE
11 16 (2.33%) Windows Server 2008
12 15 (2.18%) Android
13 13 (1.89%) Embedded Linux
14 12 (1.74%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
15 11 (1.60%) zOS
16 10 (1.45%) Mac OS
16 10 (1.45%) Oracle Linux
17 7 (1.02%) HPUX
18 6 (0.87%) Debian
Processes & Methodologies
1 239 (34.74%) DevOps
2 163 (23.69%) Agile Software Development
3 134 (19.48%) Configuration Management
4 106 (15.41%) Continuous Integration
5 95 (13.81%) Microservices
6 85 (12.35%) Open Source
7 81 (11.77%) Software Engineering
8 77 (11.19%) Test Automation
9 64 (9.30%) Infrastructure Engineering
10 63 (9.16%) Problem-Solving
11 60 (8.72%) Digital Transformation Programme
12 56 (8.14%) Scrum
13 53 (7.70%) Migration
14 49 (7.12%) Infrastructure as Code
15 43 (6.25%) TDD
16 39 (5.67%) Change Management
16 39 (5.67%) Site Reliability Engineering
17 34 (4.94%) Project Delivery
18 33 (4.80%) Deployment Automation
19 32 (4.65%) Kanban
Programming Languages
1 193 (28.05%) Python
2 169 (24.56%) Java
3 120 (17.44%) Bash Shell
4 93 (13.52%) Shell Script
5 80 (11.63%) SQL
6 70 (10.17%) JavaScript
7 66 (9.59%) PowerShell
8 51 (7.41%) Ruby
9 47 (6.83%) PHP
10 37 (5.38%) C++
11 32 (4.65%) C
12 31 (4.51%) Perl
13 22 (3.20%) Java 8
13 22 (3.20%) TypeScript
14 21 (3.05%) Go
15 15 (2.18%) C#
16 14 (2.03%) Scala
17 12 (1.74%) T-SQL
18 10 (1.45%) ActionScript
18 10 (1.45%) ActionScript 2.0
Qualifications
1 84 (12.21%) Security Cleared
2 49 (7.12%) SC Cleared
3 32 (4.65%) BPSS Clearance
4 18 (2.62%) Degree
5 8 (1.16%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
6 6 (0.87%) DBS Check
6 6 (0.87%) MCP
7 5 (0.73%) ITIL Certification
7 5 (0.73%) Microsoft Certification
8 4 (0.58%) Cisco Certification
8 4 (0.58%) DV Cleared
8 4 (0.58%) GIAC
8 4 (0.58%) MCSE
9 3 (0.44%) AWS Certification
9 3 (0.44%) CCA
9 3 (0.44%) Citrix Certification
9 3 (0.44%) MCITP
10 2 (0.29%) GCFE
10 2 (0.29%) GREM
10 2 (0.29%) VCP6
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 13 (1.89%) SLA
2 9 (1.31%) Disclosure Scotland
3 8 (1.16%) GDPR
4 6 (0.87%) Data Quality
4 6 (0.87%) QA
5 4 (0.58%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 3 (0.44%) PCI DSS
7 1 (0.15%) IEC 62304
7 1 (0.15%) ISO 26262
7 1 (0.15%) MISRA
7 1 (0.15%) NCSC
7 1 (0.15%) PSD2
7 1 (0.15%) RMADS
7 1 (0.15%) WCAG
System Software
1 165 (23.98%) Docker
2 57 (8.28%) VMware Infrastructure
3 52 (7.56%) Active Directory
4 42 (6.10%) Virtual Machines
5 22 (3.20%) vSphere
6 18 (2.62%) Xen
7 14 (2.03%) Hyper-V
8 11 (1.60%) VMware NSX
9 10 (1.45%) Oracle RAC
9 10 (1.45%) Snort
10 8 (1.16%) NFS
11 6 (0.87%) VirtualBox
11 6 (0.87%) VMware ESXi
11 6 (0.87%) VMware Server
12 5 (0.73%) XenApp
13 4 (0.58%) Firmware
14 3 (0.44%) HDFS
14 3 (0.44%) Veritas Cluster Server
15 2 (0.29%) iptables
15 2 (0.29%) Virtual Servers
Systems Management
1 163 (23.69%) Ansible
2 153 (22.24%) Puppet
3 131 (19.04%) Opscode Chef
4 114 (16.57%) Kubernetes
5 104 (15.12%) Terraform
6 29 (4.22%) Packer
7 28 (4.07%) Prometheus
8 27 (3.92%) Salt
9 26 (3.78%) Grafana
10 24 (3.49%) Nagios
11 19 (2.76%) SCCM
12 18 (2.62%) HAProxy
13 14 (2.03%) Rancher
14 11 (1.60%) Consul
15 10 (1.45%) vRealize
15 10 (1.45%) WMI
16 8 (1.16%) SCOM
17 7 (1.02%) Data Guard
18 6 (0.87%) McAfee ePO
18 6 (0.87%) Rsyslog
Vendors
1 93 (13.52%) VMware
2 92 (13.37%) Red Hat
3 76 (11.05%) Microsoft
4 71 (10.32%) Oracle
5 56 (8.14%) Google
6 33 (4.80%) IBM
7 28 (4.07%) Cloudera
8 20 (2.91%) Splunk
9 16 (2.33%) SAP
10 15 (2.18%) Cisco
10 15 (2.18%) HP
10 15 (2.18%) MuleSoft
11 14 (2.03%) EMC
12 12 (1.74%) BMC
12 12 (1.74%) Hortonworks
12 12 (1.74%) IBM Sterling
13 11 (1.60%) Citrix
13 11 (1.60%) Remedy
14 10 (1.45%) McAfee
14 10 (1.45%) OpenText