Period
to 29 March 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Linux skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Linux over the 6 months to 29 March 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Linux
UK > England
6 months to
29 Mar 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 22 15 10
Rank change year-on-year -7 -5 +1
Contract jobs citing Linux 3,778 7,289 8,257
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 6.65% 8.19% 8.86%
As % of the Operating Systems category 32.59% 40.07% 42.33%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,537 4,779 5,609
Median daily rate £490 £500 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -2.00% - +11.11%
10th Percentile £319 £325 £325
90th Percentile £660 £650 £650
UK median daily rate £480 £500 £488
% change year-on-year -4.00% +2.56% +8.33%
Number of hourly rates quoted 104 165 178
Median hourly rate £45.00 £45.00 £42.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - +5.88% +6.25%
10th Percentile £20.50 £21.25 £19.25
90th Percentile £55.00 £53.75 £60.60
UK median hourly rate £45.00 £44.50 £42.50
% change year-on-year +1.12% +4.71% +6.25%

Linux is in the Operating Systems category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for operating system skills.

All Operating Systems
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills 11,591 18,189 19,505
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 20.40% 20.45% 20.94%
Number of daily rates quoted 7,202 11,522 12,541
Median daily rate £425 £433 £438
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -1.85% -1.03% +3.92%
10th Percentile £143 £160 £178
90th Percentile £613 £625 £625
UK median daily rate £413 £425 £425
% change year-on-year -2.94% - +3.03%
Number of hourly rates quoted 942 1,086 1,162
Median hourly rate £17.50 £17.50 £17.38
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - +0.72% +5.30%
10th Percentile £11.75 £11.25 £11.17
90th Percentile £48.75 £48.75 £47.83
Median hourly rate £17.50 £17.50 £17.00
% change year-on-year - +2.94% +3.03%

Linux
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Linux as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Linux in England

Linux
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Linux in England.

Daily rate trend for Linux in England

Linux
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Linux in England over the 6 months to 29 March 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Linux in England

Linux
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Linux in England.

Hourly rate trend for Linux in England

Linux
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Linux in England over the 6 months to 29 March 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for Linux in England

Linux
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Linux within the England region over the 6 months to 29 March 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -8 1,710 £525 -2.33% 720
South East -13 588 £475 +5.56% 413
North of England -7 525 £450 - 280
South West -2 453 £450 -10.00% 201
East of England 0 259 £450 +5.88% 255
North West -9 255 £450 -3.23% 145
Midlands -7 225 £438 -2.78% 177
Yorkshire -13 187 £431 -4.17% 95
West Midlands -7 157 £440 -2.22% 106
North East +1 90 £445 -6.32% 40
East Midlands -12 66 £425 -5.56% 71
Linux
UK

For the 6 months to 29 March 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Linux also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Linux.

1 1,240 (32.82%) Windows
2 1,215 (32.16%) Python
3 1,170 (30.97%) DevOps
4 1,098 (29.06%) Agile Software Development
5 985 (26.07%) AWS
6 962 (25.46%) Java
7 886 (23.45%) Docker
8 754 (19.96%) Unix
9 752 (19.90%) Git (software)
10 745 (19.72%) Jenkins
11 741 (19.61%) Ansible
12 733 (19.40%) Security Cleared
13 704 (18.63%) Azure
14 665 (17.60%) SQL
15 628 (16.62%) Kubernetes
16 583 (15.43%) Terraform
17 573 (15.17%) Oracle
18 524 (13.87%) SC Cleared
19 504 (13.34%) Microsoft
20 493 (13.05%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
20 493 (13.05%) Bash Shell
21 478 (12.65%) VMware
22 471 (12.47%) Continuous Integration
23 445 (11.78%) Puppet
24 439 (11.62%) JavaScript
25 432 (11.43%) Red Hat
26 429 (11.36%) Finance
27 414 (10.96%) Configuration Management
28 411 (10.88%) Test Automation
29 400 (10.59%) JIRA

Linux
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 230 (6.09%) Confluence
2 183 (4.84%) Apache
3 164 (4.34%) Tomcat
4 120 (3.18%) nginx
5 103 (2.73%) WebLogic
6 100 (2.65%) Apache Spark
7 95 (2.51%) Elasticsearch
8 79 (2.09%) OpenStack
9 70 (1.85%) WebSphere
10 69 (1.83%) IIS
11 65 (1.72%) Oracle SOA Suite
12 56 (1.48%) SAS
13 46 (1.22%) JBoss
14 28 (0.74%) MS Exchange
15 26 (0.69%) SharePoint
16 22 (0.58%) Jetty
17 21 (0.56%) Red Hat Fuse
18 18 (0.48%) Mongrel
19 17 (0.45%) Cloud Foundry
19 17 (0.45%) CMS
Applications
1 95 (2.51%) Microsoft Office
2 28 (0.74%) Microsoft Excel
3 20 (0.53%) MS Visio
4 13 (0.34%) SPSS
5 9 (0.24%) Microsoft Project
6 2 (0.053%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 2 (0.053%) Photoshop
6 2 (0.053%) Simulink
6 2 (0.053%) Spreadsheet
7 1 (0.026%) Chatbot
7 1 (0.026%) GNU Octave
7 1 (0.026%) Houdini
7 1 (0.026%) InVision
7 1 (0.026%) Maya
7 1 (0.026%) Mozilla Thunderbird
7 1 (0.026%) PlantUML
7 1 (0.026%) Sketch
7 1 (0.026%) Zeplin
Business Applications
1 36 (0.95%) Oracle Applications
2 22 (0.58%) Oracle EBS
3 21 (0.56%) BusinessWorks
3 21 (0.56%) Magento
4 11 (0.29%) Remedy ITSM
5 8 (0.21%) Oracle AML
5 8 (0.21%) Oracle EBS R12
5 8 (0.21%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
6 5 (0.13%) Dynamics CRM
6 5 (0.13%) FINCAD Analytics
6 5 (0.13%) Payment Gateway
7 4 (0.11%) Oracle ERP
7 4 (0.11%) SAP ERP
8 3 (0.079%) assyst
8 3 (0.079%) Eikon
8 3 (0.079%) ION MarketView
8 3 (0.079%) Oracle 11i
8 3 (0.079%) Oracle Cash Management
8 3 (0.079%) RMDS
8 3 (0.079%) Temenos T24
Cloud Services
1 985 (26.07%) AWS
2 704 (18.63%) Azure
3 275 (7.28%) GCP
4 193 (5.11%) Amazon EC2
5 150 (3.97%) Serverless
6 149 (3.94%) GitHub
7 146 (3.86%) Amazon S3
8 118 (3.12%) OpenShift
9 117 (3.10%) Office 365
10 113 (2.99%) AWS CloudFormation
11 107 (2.83%) AWS Lambda
12 105 (2.78%) PaaS
13 89 (2.36%) IaaS
14 71 (1.88%) Virtual Private Cloud
15 58 (1.54%) SaaS
16 48 (1.27%) Route 53
17 45 (1.19%) Amazon ECS
17 45 (1.19%) Amazon EKS
17 45 (1.19%) Amazon ELB
17 45 (1.19%) Cloud Computing
Communications & Networking
1 301 (7.97%) Firewall
2 289 (7.65%) TCP/IP
3 242 (6.41%) HTTP
4 228 (6.03%) DNS
5 129 (3.41%) DHCP
6 125 (3.31%) VPN
7 117 (3.10%) LAN
8 108 (2.86%) WAN
9 104 (2.75%) SAN
10 98 (2.59%) SSL
11 94 (2.49%) Ethernet
12 93 (2.46%) Network Security
13 87 (2.30%) Wireshark
14 81 (2.14%) Internet
15 75 (1.99%) Wi-Fi
16 62 (1.64%) IPv6
17 58 (1.54%) HTTPS
18 57 (1.51%) Wireless
19 51 (1.35%) FTP
20 50 (1.32%) BGP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 339 (8.97%) MySQL
2 258 (6.83%) SQL Server
3 217 (5.74%) MongoDB
4 203 (5.37%) Oracle Database
5 170 (4.50%) PostgreSQL
6 162 (4.29%) NoSQL
7 161 (4.26%) Big Data
8 147 (3.89%) Relational Database
9 108 (2.86%) Amazon RDS
10 104 (2.75%) Hadoop
11 82 (2.17%) Oracle Database 12c
12 58 (1.54%) Oracle Database 11g
13 54 (1.43%) Apache Cassandra
14 53 (1.40%) Data Warehouse
14 53 (1.40%) RDBMS
15 48 (1.27%) Redis
16 41 (1.09%) Apache Hive
17 37 (0.98%) Amazon DynamoDB
17 37 (0.98%) Oracle ODI
18 32 (0.85%) DB2
Development Applications
1 752 (19.90%) Git (software)
2 745 (19.72%) Jenkins
3 400 (10.59%) JIRA
4 157 (4.16%) Maven
5 155 (4.10%) GitLab
6 109 (2.89%) Selenium
7 95 (2.51%) Eclipse
8 90 (2.38%) JUnit
9 87 (2.30%) Artifactory
10 85 (2.25%) Bitbucket
11 82 (2.17%) Subversion
12 75 (1.99%) Visual Studio
13 74 (1.96%) Cucumber
14 64 (1.69%) Atlassian Bamboo
15 60 (1.59%) SonarQube
16 57 (1.51%) Gradle
17 55 (1.46%) Sonatype Nexus
18 51 (1.35%) Ant
19 48 (1.27%) TeamCity
20 47 (1.24%) Mockito
General
1 429 (11.36%) Finance
2 221 (5.85%) Public Sector
3 185 (4.90%) Banking
4 109 (2.89%) Telecoms
5 62 (1.64%) Retail
6 56 (1.48%) Military
7 51 (1.35%) Front Office
8 45 (1.19%) Investment Banking
9 44 (1.16%) Electronics
9 44 (1.16%) Marketing
10 41 (1.09%) Aerospace
11 37 (0.98%) Games
11 37 (0.98%) Manufacturing
12 36 (0.95%) Law
13 21 (0.56%) Financial Institution
14 15 (0.40%) German Language
14 15 (0.40%) Legal
15 14 (0.37%) Back Office
16 11 (0.29%) Pharmaceutical
17 9 (0.24%) Automotive
Job Titles
1 831 (22.00%) Developer
2 645 (17.07%) DevOps Engineer
3 238 (6.30%) Architect
4 216 (5.72%) Java Developer
5 191 (5.06%) Analyst
6 182 (4.82%) Software Engineer
7 181 (4.79%) Administrator
8 178 (4.71%) AWS Engineer
9 176 (4.66%) Linux Engineer
10 137 (3.63%) Cloud Engineer
11 136 (3.60%) Consultant
12 133 (3.52%) Infrastructure Engineer
13 130 (3.44%) AWS DevOps
14 121 (3.20%) AWS DevOps Engineer
15 108 (2.86%) Senior DevOps
16 101 (2.67%) Senior Developer
17 93 (2.46%) Network Engineer
18 91 (2.41%) Systems Engineer
19 90 (2.38%) Senior DevOps Engineer
20 85 (2.25%) Platform Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 263 (6.96%) Web Services
2 241 (6.38%) .NET
3 232 (6.14%) REST
4 208 (5.51%) Node.js
5 203 (5.37%) HTML
6 193 (5.11%) Spring
7 191 (5.06%) Kafka
8 154 (4.08%) XML
9 153 (4.05%) AngularJS
9 153 (4.05%) SOAP
10 151 (4.00%) JSON
11 136 (3.60%) CSS
12 134 (3.55%) RESTful
13 123 (3.26%) Middleware
14 117 (3.10%) Elastic Stack
15 105 (2.78%) Spring Boot
16 101 (2.67%) RabbitMQ
17 92 (2.44%) React
18 71 (1.88%) LDAP
19 70 (1.85%) LAMP
Miscellaneous
1 301 (7.97%) Analytical Skills
2 232 (6.14%) Data Centre
3 151 (4.00%) Linux Command Line
4 84 (2.22%) Public Cloud
5 79 (2.09%) Clustering
6 78 (2.06%) Management Information System
7 69 (1.83%) Algorithms
8 67 (1.77%) Data Structures
8 67 (1.77%) Self-Motivation
9 56 (1.48%) Greenfield Project
10 55 (1.46%) Replication
11 53 (1.40%) Cloud Native
12 52 (1.38%) Device Driver
13 48 (1.27%) Enterprise Software
14 47 (1.24%) User Experience
15 45 (1.19%) PKI
16 38 (1.01%) Hybrid Cloud
17 33 (0.87%) Mobile App
17 33 (0.87%) Private Cloud
18 32 (0.85%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 1,240 (32.82%) Windows
2 754 (19.96%) Unix
3 493 (13.05%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
4 356 (9.42%) Windows Server
5 214 (5.66%) CentOS
6 185 (4.90%) Ubuntu
7 108 (2.86%) Solaris
8 94 (2.49%) Windows Server 2012
9 83 (2.20%) Windows Server 2008
10 75 (1.99%) Windows Server 2016
11 74 (1.96%) AIX
12 72 (1.91%) Mac OS X
13 68 (1.80%) Android
14 66 (1.75%) Embedded Linux
14 66 (1.75%) Windows 10
15 57 (1.51%) Mac OS
16 47 (1.24%) Oracle Linux
17 44 (1.16%) Windows 7
17 44 (1.16%) Windows Server 2003
18 43 (1.14%) Debian
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,170 (30.97%) DevOps
2 1,098 (29.06%) Agile Software Development
3 471 (12.47%) Continuous Integration
4 414 (10.96%) Configuration Management
5 411 (10.88%) Test Automation
6 386 (10.22%) Software Engineering
7 376 (9.95%) Scrum
8 354 (9.37%) Microservices
9 333 (8.81%) Problem-Solving
10 303 (8.02%) Migration
11 293 (7.76%) Open Source
12 251 (6.64%) ITIL
13 237 (6.27%) TDD
14 221 (5.85%) Infrastructure as Code
15 170 (4.50%) Infrastructure Engineering
16 163 (4.31%) Continuous Delivery
17 143 (3.79%) SDLC
18 141 (3.73%) Kanban
19 139 (3.68%) High Availability
20 135 (3.57%) Analytics
Programming Languages
1 1,215 (32.16%) Python
2 962 (25.46%) Java
3 665 (17.60%) SQL
4 493 (13.05%) Bash Shell
5 439 (11.62%) JavaScript
6 361 (9.56%) PowerShell
7 348 (9.21%) C++
8 296 (7.83%) C
9 283 (7.49%) Shell Script
10 223 (5.90%) Ruby
11 212 (5.61%) C#
12 211 (5.58%) Perl
13 183 (4.84%) PHP
14 134 (3.55%) PL/SQL
15 117 (3.10%) Go
16 104 (2.75%) Java 8
17 82 (2.17%) Groovy
18 65 (1.72%) Scala
19 55 (1.46%) Embedded C
20 54 (1.43%) TypeScript
Qualifications
1 733 (19.40%) Security Cleared
2 524 (13.87%) SC Cleared
3 230 (6.09%) Degree
4 168 (4.45%) DV Cleared
5 101 (2.67%) Cisco Certification
6 73 (1.93%) CCNA
7 64 (1.69%) AWS Certification
8 56 (1.48%) CCNP
9 47 (1.24%) Microsoft Certification
10 42 (1.11%) BPSS Clearance
11 41 (1.09%) Computer Science Degree
12 35 (0.93%) CISSP
13 32 (0.85%) ISTQB
14 26 (0.69%) ISEB
15 23 (0.61%) CCIE
16 19 (0.50%) MCSE
17 17 (0.45%) CISM
18 16 (0.42%) CREST Certified
18 16 (0.42%) Network+ Certification
19 15 (0.40%) DBS Check
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 139 (3.68%) QA
2 58 (1.54%) SLA
3 33 (0.87%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 32 (0.85%) PCI DSS
5 25 (0.66%) Data Quality
6 20 (0.53%) NIST
7 15 (0.40%) GDPR
7 15 (0.40%) Sarbanes-Oxley
8 14 (0.37%) NCSC
9 12 (0.32%) RMADS
10 9 (0.24%) ISO/IEC 20000
11 8 (0.21%) Disclosure Scotland
12 7 (0.19%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
13 6 (0.16%) COBIT
13 6 (0.16%) Cyber Essentials
13 6 (0.16%) JSP 440
14 4 (0.11%) HIPAA
14 4 (0.11%) JTAG
14 4 (0.11%) MISRA
15 3 (0.079%) ECSS
System Software
1 886 (23.45%) Docker
2 328 (8.68%) Active Directory
3 263 (6.96%) VMware Infrastructure
4 120 (3.18%) Virtual Machines
5 92 (2.44%) Hyper-V
6 65 (1.72%) VMware ESXi
6 65 (1.72%) vSphere
7 45 (1.19%) Oracle RAC
8 44 (1.16%) XenApp
9 35 (0.93%) VMware NSX
10 32 (0.85%) HDFS
11 30 (0.79%) NFS
12 22 (0.58%) Xen
13 21 (0.56%) KVM
14 20 (0.53%) LXC
15 18 (0.48%) Firmware
15 18 (0.48%) Snort
15 18 (0.48%) Virtual Servers
16 14 (0.37%) iptables
17 13 (0.34%) Citrix Hypervisor
Systems Management
1 741 (19.61%) Ansible
2 628 (16.62%) Kubernetes
3 583 (15.43%) Terraform
4 445 (11.78%) Puppet
5 264 (6.99%) Opscode Chef
6 81 (2.14%) Grafana
7 79 (2.09%) SCCM
8 77 (2.04%) Packer
9 76 (2.01%) Prometheus
10 48 (1.27%) Nagios
11 47 (1.24%) Salt
12 46 (1.22%) Docker Swarm
13 45 (1.19%) vCenter Server
14 40 (1.06%) logstash
15 39 (1.03%) Kibana
16 38 (1.01%) Rancher
16 38 (1.01%) SCOM
17 37 (0.98%) Data Guard
18 36 (0.95%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
19 31 (0.82%) Consul
Vendors
1 573 (15.17%) Oracle
2 504 (13.34%) Microsoft
3 478 (12.65%) VMware
4 432 (11.43%) Red Hat
5 201 (5.32%) Cisco
6 199 (5.27%) Google
7 143 (3.79%) Splunk
8 117 (3.10%) IBM
9 104 (2.75%) HP
10 94 (2.49%) Atlassian
11 90 (2.38%) Dell
12 87 (2.30%) SAP
13 72 (1.91%) Juniper
14 71 (1.88%) Citrix
15 60 (1.59%) NetApp
16 48 (1.27%) EMC
16 48 (1.27%) TIBCO
17 46 (1.22%) Cloudera
17 46 (1.22%) SolarWinds
18 45 (1.19%) F5