Period
to 20 August 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Linux skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Linux over the 6 months to 20 August 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Linux
UK > England
6 months to
20 Aug 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 14 12 10
Rank change year-on-year -2 -2 +7
Contract jobs citing Linux 8,028 8,117 9,715
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 8.60% 9.20% 9.68%
As % of the Operating Systems category 41.17% 44.65% 43.60%
Number of daily rates quoted 5,229 5,346 6,617
England median daily rate £500 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% +7.14%
10th Percentile £325 £313 £305
90th Percentile £650 £625 £600
UK median daily rate £500 £466 £450
% change year-on-year +7.30% +3.56% +9.09%
Number of hourly rates quoted 203 176 179
England median hourly rate £42.50 £40.00 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +6.25% - +9.59%
10th Percentile £17.50 £25.75 £19.75
90th Percentile £53.75 £51.13 £49.50
UK median hourly rate £42.50 £40.00 £40.00
% change year-on-year +6.25% - +6.67%

Linux is in the Operating Systems category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for operating system skills.

All Operating Systems
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills 19,499 18,181 22,282
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 20.89% 20.61% 22.20%
Number of daily rates quoted 12,196 11,499 14,284
England median daily rate £438 £425 £405
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.94% +5.07% +7.87%
10th Percentile £181 £200 £213
90th Percentile £620 £593 £575
UK median daily rate £425 £425 £400
% change year-on-year - +6.25% +6.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,365 1,056 1,147
England median hourly rate £17.50 £17.38 £16.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +0.68% +5.35% -
10th Percentile £11.17 £10.75 £10.69
90th Percentile £47.50 £47.83 £43.75
UK median hourly rate £17.50 £17.00 £16.50
% change year-on-year +2.94% +3.03% -

Linux
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Linux as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Linux in England

Linux
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Linux in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for Linux in England

Linux
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Linux in England over the 6 months to 20 August 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Linux in England

Linux
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Linux in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Linux in England

Linux
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Linux in England over the 6 months to 20 August 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Linux in England

Linux
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Linux within the England region over the 6 months to 20 August 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -7 4,015 £535 +4.39% 966
South East -2 1,601 £461 +8.53% 489
North of England -4 1,026 £425 - 373
East of England +1 500 £448 +0.11% 345
Midlands -7 466 £425 +0.59% 176
Yorkshire -4 426 £425 -5.56% 144
South West 0 407 £450 +5.88% 255
North West -9 399 £450 +5.88% 201
West Midlands -8 281 £438 -7.89% 99
North East 0 203 £375 +7.14% 28
East Midlands -4 182 £400 +6.67% 77
South Coast 0 1 - -
Linux
UK

For the 6 months to 20 August 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Linux also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Linux.

1 2,698 (33.61%) DevOps
2 2,457 (30.61%) Python
3 2,428 (30.24%) Agile Software Development
4 2,290 (28.53%) Java
5 2,251 (28.04%) Windows
6 2,165 (26.97%) Unix
7 2,137 (26.62%) Amazon AWS
8 2,019 (25.15%) Jenkins
9 1,864 (23.22%) Git (software)
10 1,796 (22.37%) Docker
11 1,764 (21.97%) Ansible
12 1,675 (20.86%) Puppet
13 1,467 (18.27%) SQL
14 1,337 (16.65%) Continuous Integration
15 1,287 (16.03%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
16 1,277 (15.91%) Finance
17 1,261 (15.71%) Configuration Management
18 1,227 (15.28%) Bash Shell
19 1,200 (14.95%) Oracle
20 1,125 (14.01%) JavaScript
21 1,123 (13.99%) Red Hat
22 1,073 (13.37%) Security Cleared
22 1,073 (13.37%) Terraform
23 1,004 (12.51%) Opscode Chef
24 971 (12.10%) Microsoft Azure
25 963 (12.00%) VMware
26 933 (11.62%) Kubernetes
27 892 (11.11%) Test Automation
28 848 (10.56%) SC Cleared
29 825 (10.28%) Perl

Linux
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 717 (8.93%) Apache
2 422 (5.26%) Confluence
3 391 (4.87%) Tomcat
4 346 (4.31%) Elasticsearch
5 318 (3.96%) Apache Spark
6 299 (3.72%) nginx
7 253 (3.15%) JBoss
8 194 (2.42%) IIS
9 183 (2.28%) OpenStack
10 182 (2.27%) WebLogic
10 182 (2.27%) WebSphere
11 130 (1.62%) MS Exchange
12 90 (1.12%) Oracle SOA Suite
13 79 (0.98%) Jetty
14 74 (0.92%) SharePoint
15 65 (0.81%) CMS
16 54 (0.67%) Apache Solr
17 50 (0.62%) Cloud Foundry
18 47 (0.59%) WebSphere Application Server
19 44 (0.55%) Oracle Service Bus
Applications
1 118 (1.47%) Microsoft Office
2 56 (0.70%) Microsoft Excel
3 39 (0.49%) MS Visio
4 25 (0.31%) Microsoft Project
5 19 (0.24%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 8 (0.100%) Stata
7 5 (0.062%) HipChat
8 4 (0.050%) Simulink
9 3 (0.037%) Adobe Creative Suite
9 3 (0.037%) Spreadsheet
10 2 (0.025%) Chatbot
10 2 (0.025%) Photoshop
11 1 (0.012%) Adobe After Effects
11 1 (0.012%) Adobe Illustrator
11 1 (0.012%) Adobe Premiere
11 1 (0.012%) Autodesk Inventor
11 1 (0.012%) Avid Media Composer
11 1 (0.012%) CATIA
11 1 (0.012%) Final Cut Pro
11 1 (0.012%) Shockwave
Business Applications
1 53 (0.66%) ION MarketView
2 40 (0.50%) Remedy ITSM
3 33 (0.41%) Magento
4 23 (0.29%) Oracle Applications
5 21 (0.26%) Siebel CRM
6 16 (0.20%) Oracle Utilities
7 15 (0.19%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
8 14 (0.17%) Oracle EBS
9 13 (0.16%) Dynamics CRM
10 10 (0.12%) Salesforce.com CRM
11 8 (0.100%) BusinessWorks
12 7 (0.087%) Payment Gateway
13 6 (0.075%) Oracle BPM
13 6 (0.075%) Remedy AR System
14 5 (0.062%) ENOVIA
14 5 (0.062%) RMDS
15 4 (0.050%) Endur
15 4 (0.050%) Oracle EBS R12
16 3 (0.037%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
16 3 (0.037%) Towers Watson Igloo
Cloud Services
1 2,137 (26.62%) Amazon AWS
2 971 (12.10%) Microsoft Azure
3 393 (4.90%) GitHub
4 385 (4.80%) Amazon EC2
5 298 (3.71%) AWS CloudFormation
6 258 (3.21%) Amazon S3
7 252 (3.14%) Google Cloud Platform
8 242 (3.01%) IaaS
9 236 (2.94%) PaaS
10 232 (2.89%) Serverless
11 196 (2.44%) AWS Lambda
11 196 (2.44%) Virtual Private Cloud
12 160 (1.99%) Amazon CloudWatch
13 153 (1.91%) OpenShift
14 152 (1.89%) Cloud Computing
15 136 (1.69%) Office 365
16 130 (1.62%) Route 53
17 126 (1.57%) Amazon ELB
18 124 (1.54%) SaaS
19 71 (0.88%) Datadog
Communications & Networking
1 636 (7.92%) Firewall
2 594 (7.40%) TCP/IP
3 543 (6.76%) DNS
4 522 (6.50%) HTTP
5 383 (4.77%) SSL
6 275 (3.43%) SAN
7 201 (2.50%) DHCP
8 179 (2.23%) VPN
9 160 (1.99%) FTP
10 159 (1.98%) Network Security
11 155 (1.93%) Internet
12 143 (1.78%) LAN
12 143 (1.78%) WAN
13 112 (1.40%) Kerberos
14 110 (1.37%) SSH
15 93 (1.16%) NAS
16 82 (1.02%) IPsec
17 74 (0.92%) SMS
18 72 (0.90%) BGP
19 68 (0.85%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 795 (9.90%) MySQL
2 657 (8.18%) PostgreSQL
3 615 (7.66%) Relational Database
4 589 (7.34%) SQL Server
5 574 (7.15%) MongoDB
6 489 (6.09%) NoSQL
7 475 (5.92%) Big Data
8 444 (5.53%) Hadoop
9 314 (3.91%) Oracle Database
10 250 (3.11%) Apache Cassandra
11 219 (2.73%) Amazon RDS
12 195 (2.43%) HBase
13 174 (2.17%) RDBMS
14 173 (2.15%) Redis
15 156 (1.94%) DB2
16 152 (1.89%) Apache Hive
17 138 (1.72%) Oracle Database 11g
18 123 (1.53%) Data Warehouse
19 97 (1.21%) Amazon Redshift
20 90 (1.12%) Oracle Database 12c
Development Applications
1 2,019 (25.15%) Jenkins
2 1,864 (23.22%) Git (software)
3 713 (8.88%) JIRA
4 416 (5.18%) Maven
5 378 (4.71%) Subversion
6 365 (4.55%) Selenium
7 346 (4.31%) Cucumber
8 266 (3.31%) JUnit
9 242 (3.01%) Sonatype Nexus
10 236 (2.94%) GitLab
11 227 (2.83%) Artifactory
12 220 (2.74%) TeamCity
13 194 (2.42%) Vagrant
14 181 (2.25%) Bitbucket
15 175 (2.18%) Atlassian Bamboo
16 145 (1.81%) Gradle
17 143 (1.78%) Eclipse
18 129 (1.61%) Travis CI
19 127 (1.58%) IntelliJ
20 124 (1.54%) Ant
General
1 1,277 (15.91%) Finance
2 583 (7.26%) Banking
3 267 (3.33%) Front Office
4 200 (2.49%) Telecoms
5 179 (2.23%) Investment Banking
6 132 (1.64%) Retail
7 108 (1.35%) Marketing
8 84 (1.05%) Manufacturing
9 81 (1.01%) Financial Institution
10 74 (0.92%) Back Office
11 69 (0.86%) Electronics
12 64 (0.80%) Law
13 63 (0.78%) Games
14 58 (0.72%) Publishing
15 57 (0.71%) Legal
16 41 (0.51%) Advertising
17 32 (0.40%) Aerospace
18 23 (0.29%) German Language
19 22 (0.27%) Automotive
19 22 (0.27%) Military
Job Titles
1 2,051 (25.55%) Developer
2 1,717 (21.39%) DevOps Engineer
3 647 (8.06%) Java Developer
4 557 (6.94%) Linux Engineer
5 543 (6.76%) AWS Engineer
6 476 (5.93%) AWS DevOps
7 457 (5.69%) Administrator
8 439 (5.47%) Architect
9 424 (5.28%) AWS DevOps Engineer
10 384 (4.78%) Analyst
11 335 (4.17%) Software Engineer
12 292 (3.64%) Python Developer
13 270 (3.36%) Cloud Engineer
14 265 (3.30%) Systems Administrator
15 250 (3.11%) Consultant
15 250 (3.11%) Linux/Unix DevOps
16 245 (3.05%) Senior Developer
17 242 (3.01%) Infrastructure Engineer
18 221 (2.75%) Senior DevOps
19 216 (2.69%) Linux Administrator
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 755 (9.40%) Web Services
2 698 (8.69%) HTML
3 602 (7.50%) REST
4 564 (7.03%) Spring
5 560 (6.98%) CSS
6 550 (6.85%) Node.js
7 466 (5.80%) Middleware
8 445 (5.54%) Kafka
9 422 (5.26%) JSON
10 407 (5.07%) XML
11 382 (4.76%) AngularJS
12 369 (4.60%) RESTful
13 337 (4.20%) Elastic Stack
14 295 (3.67%) .NET
15 279 (3.48%) RabbitMQ
16 275 (3.43%) HTML5
17 265 (3.30%) React
18 263 (3.28%) SOAP
19 233 (2.90%) Spring Boot
20 227 (2.83%) J2EE
Miscellaneous
1 518 (6.45%) Analytical Skills
2 381 (4.75%) Data Centre
3 371 (4.62%) Linux Command Line
4 310 (3.86%) Computer Science
5 190 (2.37%) Clustering
6 189 (2.35%) Greenfield Project
7 174 (2.17%) Public Cloud
8 168 (2.09%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
9 154 (1.92%) Algorithms
10 149 (1.86%) Replication
10 149 (1.86%) User Experience
11 140 (1.74%) Enterprise Software
12 139 (1.73%) Self-Motivation
13 135 (1.68%) Fixed Income
14 119 (1.48%) Fintech
15 118 (1.47%) Management Information System
16 99 (1.23%) Private Cloud
17 87 (1.08%) Data Structures
18 80 (1.00%) Virtual Team
19 73 (0.91%) PKI
Operating Systems
1 2,251 (28.04%) Windows
2 2,165 (26.97%) Unix
3 1,287 (16.03%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
4 640 (7.97%) Windows Server
5 614 (7.65%) CentOS
6 417 (5.19%) Ubuntu
7 396 (4.93%) Solaris
8 253 (3.15%) AIX
9 201 (2.50%) Windows Server 2012
10 161 (2.01%) Windows Server 2008
11 115 (1.43%) Windows 10
12 113 (1.41%) Android
13 102 (1.27%) Mac OS X
14 99 (1.23%) Windows 7
15 84 (1.05%) SUSE
16 77 (0.96%) Debian
17 71 (0.88%) Apple iOS
18 70 (0.87%) CoreOS
19 69 (0.86%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
20 63 (0.78%) Windows Server 2003
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,698 (33.61%) DevOps
2 2,428 (30.24%) Agile Software Development
3 1,337 (16.65%) Continuous Integration
4 1,261 (15.71%) Configuration Management
5 892 (11.11%) Test Automation
6 816 (10.16%) Open Source
7 795 (9.90%) TDD
8 725 (9.03%) Problem-Solving
9 679 (8.46%) Scrum
10 658 (8.20%) Software Engineering
11 587 (7.31%) Microservices
12 510 (6.35%) BDD
13 471 (5.87%) ITIL
14 470 (5.85%) Migration
15 440 (5.48%) Continuous Delivery
16 397 (4.95%) Deployment Automation
17 391 (4.87%) OO
18 348 (4.33%) SDLC
19 343 (4.27%) Analytics
20 339 (4.22%) Infrastructure Engineering
Programming Languages
1 2,457 (30.61%) Python
2 2,290 (28.53%) Java
3 1,467 (18.27%) SQL
4 1,227 (15.28%) Bash Shell
5 1,125 (14.01%) JavaScript
6 825 (10.28%) Perl
7 798 (9.94%) Ruby
8 613 (7.64%) C++
9 559 (6.96%) Shell Script
10 507 (6.32%) PowerShell
11 430 (5.36%) C
12 373 (4.65%) C#
13 342 (4.26%) Scala
14 332 (4.14%) PHP
15 265 (3.30%) Go
16 251 (3.13%) Java 8
17 210 (2.62%) Groovy
18 166 (2.07%) PL/SQL
19 125 (1.56%) TypeScript
20 76 (0.95%) ES6
Qualifications
1 1,073 (13.37%) Security Cleared
2 848 (10.56%) SC Cleared
3 498 (6.20%) Degree
4 137 (1.71%) DV Cleared
5 118 (1.47%) Computer Science Degree
6 98 (1.22%) AWS Certification
7 95 (1.18%) BPSS Clearance
8 92 (1.15%) Cisco Certification
9 69 (0.86%) Microsoft Certification
10 58 (0.72%) CISSP
11 56 (0.70%) CCNP
12 52 (0.65%) CCNA
13 50 (0.62%) ISEB
14 47 (0.59%) RHCE
15 44 (0.55%) ISTQB
16 42 (0.52%) MCSE
17 35 (0.44%) ITIL Certification
18 28 (0.35%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
18 28 (0.35%) Master's Degree
19 26 (0.32%) PhD
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 230 (2.86%) QA
2 113 (1.41%) SLA
3 103 (1.28%) GCP
4 69 (0.86%) Data Quality
5 53 (0.66%) GDPR
6 50 (0.62%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 49 (0.61%) PCI DSS
8 27 (0.34%) MiFID
9 25 (0.31%) Sarbanes-Oxley
10 15 (0.19%) PMO
11 9 (0.11%) HIPAA
12 8 (0.100%) EMIR
13 7 (0.087%) Disclosure Scotland
14 6 (0.075%) COBIT
14 6 (0.075%) Cyber Essentials
14 6 (0.075%) ISO 9001
14 6 (0.075%) MISRA
14 6 (0.075%) TARGET2
15 5 (0.062%) RMADS
15 5 (0.062%) TickIT
System Software
1 1,796 (22.37%) Docker
2 577 (7.19%) VMware Infrastructure
3 575 (7.16%) Active Directory
4 206 (2.57%) Virtual Machines
5 161 (2.01%) VMware ESXi
6 156 (1.94%) Hyper-V
6 156 (1.94%) vSphere
7 136 (1.69%) HDFS
8 116 (1.44%) Apache ZooKeeper
9 79 (0.98%) NFS
10 75 (0.93%) Xen
11 69 (0.86%) Oracle RAC
12 65 (0.81%) Virtual Servers
13 58 (0.72%) VirtualBox
14 53 (0.66%) Veritas Cluster Server
15 51 (0.64%) XenApp
16 48 (0.60%) etcd
16 48 (0.60%) KVM
17 47 (0.59%) Firmware
18 43 (0.54%) flannel
Systems Management
1 1,764 (21.97%) Ansible
2 1,675 (20.86%) Puppet
3 1,073 (13.37%) Terraform
4 1,004 (12.51%) Opscode Chef
5 933 (11.62%) Kubernetes
6 232 (2.89%) Nagios
7 214 (2.67%) Packer
8 199 (2.48%) Grafana
9 191 (2.38%) Salt
10 189 (2.35%) Kibana
11 134 (1.67%) SCCM
12 131 (1.63%) logstash
13 123 (1.53%) Prometheus
14 122 (1.52%) Docker Swarm
15 111 (1.38%) HAProxy
16 97 (1.21%) Hadoop YARN
17 95 (1.18%) SCOM
18 92 (1.15%) ZABBIX
19 86 (1.07%) Consul
20 74 (0.92%) Rancher
Vendors
1 1,200 (14.95%) Oracle
2 1,123 (13.99%) Red Hat
3 963 (12.00%) VMware
4 778 (9.69%) Microsoft
5 431 (5.37%) Google
6 353 (4.40%) IBM
7 348 (4.33%) Splunk
8 346 (4.31%) Cisco
9 285 (3.55%) HP
10 192 (2.39%) Citrix
11 185 (2.30%) Atlassian
12 169 (2.11%) NetApp
13 124 (1.54%) SaltStack
13 124 (1.54%) Sybase
14 116 (1.44%) SAP
15 106 (1.32%) New Relic
15 106 (1.32%) Veritas
16 104 (1.30%) Cloudera
17 102 (1.27%) Sun
18 96 (1.20%) Hortonworks