Period
to 26 April 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Linux skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Linux over the 6 months to 26 April 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Linux
UK > England
6 months to
26 Apr 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 15 10 11
Rank change year-on-year -5 +1 +1
Contract jobs citing Linux 7,095 8,221 7,687
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 8.22% 8.88% 9.11%
As % of the Operating Systems category 40.81% 42.66% 44.52%
Number of daily rates quoted 4,569 5,466 5,206
England median daily rate £500 £500 £460
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +8.70% +4.55%
10th Percentile £325 £325 £313
90th Percentile £660 £650 £619
UK median daily rate £500 £490 £450
% change year-on-year +2.04% +8.89% +4.77%
Number of hourly rates quoted 171 179 160
England median hourly rate £45.00 £42.50 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +5.88% +6.25% -
10th Percentile £21.25 £16.43 £21.93
90th Percentile £53.75 £62.25 £53.75
UK median hourly rate £45.00 £40.00 £40.50
% change year-on-year +12.50% -1.23% +1.25%

Linux is in the Operating Systems category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for operating system skills.

All Operating Systems
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills 17,386 19,270 17,266
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 20.15% 20.82% 20.45%
Number of daily rates quoted 11,076 12,295 11,049
England median daily rate £438 £445 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -1.69% +4.71% +6.25%
10th Percentile £160 £185 £200
90th Percentile £625 £625 £588
UK median daily rate £425 £425 £423
% change year-on-year - +0.59% +5.63%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,023 1,188 1,037
England median hourly rate £17.43 £17.00 £17.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +2.53% - -
10th Percentile £11.17 £11.17 £10.50
90th Percentile £48.75 £47.83 £47.50
UK median hourly rate £17.00 £17.00 £16.50
% change year-on-year - +3.03% -2.94%

Linux
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Linux as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Linux in England

Linux
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Linux in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for Linux in England

Linux
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Linux in England over the 6 months to 26 April 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Linux in England

Linux
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Linux in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Linux in England

Linux
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Linux in England over the 6 months to 26 April 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Linux in England

Linux
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Linux within the England region over the 6 months to 26 April 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -4 3,367 £550 +4.76% 449
South East -8 1,233 £450 -2.70% 218
North of England -2 978 £475 +11.76% 167
South West +5 579 £500 +11.11% 99
Midlands 0 520 £450 - 98
Yorkshire +5 461 £475 +11.76% 59
North West +1 424 £483 +10.60% 96
East of England +3 394 £420 -1.18% 226
West Midlands +4 353 £450 -3.12% 60
East Midlands -10 158 £450 +5.88% 38
North East -17 94 £450 +12.50% 12
South Coast -1 2 - -
Linux
UK

For the 6 months to 26 April 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Linux also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Linux.

1 2,585 (36.43%) DevOps
2 2,201 (31.02%) Agile Software Development
3 2,197 (30.97%) Amazon AWS
4 2,109 (29.73%) Python
5 1,982 (27.94%) Java
6 1,933 (27.24%) Windows
7 1,759 (24.79%) Unix
8 1,757 (24.76%) Jenkins
9 1,678 (23.65%) Docker
10 1,646 (23.20%) Git (software)
11 1,550 (21.85%) Ansible
12 1,217 (17.15%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
13 1,180 (16.63%) Puppet
14 1,158 (16.32%) SQL
15 1,134 (15.98%) Kubernetes
16 1,128 (15.90%) Security Cleared
17 1,114 (15.70%) Red Hat
18 1,104 (15.56%) Continuous Integration
19 1,076 (15.17%) Oracle
20 1,062 (14.97%) Terraform
21 1,058 (14.91%) Configuration Management
22 1,034 (14.57%) Microsoft Azure
23 991 (13.97%) Bash Shell
24 952 (13.42%) Finance
25 941 (13.26%) JavaScript
26 909 (12.81%) SC Cleared
27 862 (12.15%) Test Automation
28 781 (11.01%) VMware
29 772 (10.88%) TDD
30 736 (10.37%) Opscode Chef

Linux
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 541 (7.63%) Apache
2 403 (5.68%) Confluence
3 284 (4.00%) Tomcat
4 275 (3.88%) nginx
5 257 (3.62%) Elasticsearch
6 252 (3.55%) Apache Spark
7 191 (2.69%) JBoss
8 170 (2.40%) IIS
9 157 (2.21%) WebSphere
10 148 (2.09%) WebLogic
11 138 (1.95%) OpenStack
12 118 (1.66%) MS Exchange
13 98 (1.38%) SharePoint
14 72 (1.01%) SAS
15 69 (0.97%) CMS
16 65 (0.92%) Jetty
17 62 (0.87%) Oracle SOA Suite
18 56 (0.79%) Mongrel
19 49 (0.69%) Cloud Foundry
20 46 (0.65%) Drupal
Applications
1 78 (1.10%) Microsoft Office
2 47 (0.66%) Microsoft Excel
3 24 (0.34%) MS Visio
4 15 (0.21%) Chatbot
5 11 (0.16%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 11 (0.16%) Spreadsheet
6 9 (0.13%) Microsoft Project
6 9 (0.13%) Photoshop
7 4 (0.056%) Maya
8 3 (0.042%) Adobe Illustrator
8 3 (0.042%) NUKE
8 3 (0.042%) Simulink
9 2 (0.028%) Adobe Creative Suite
9 2 (0.028%) GIMP
9 2 (0.028%) Houdini
9 2 (0.028%) InVision
10 1 (0.014%) HipChat
10 1 (0.014%) iWork
10 1 (0.014%) LightWave 3D
10 1 (0.014%) Stata
Business Applications
1 20 (0.28%) Oracle EBS
2 18 (0.25%) Oracle BPM
2 18 (0.25%) Oracle EBS R12
3 17 (0.24%) assyst
3 17 (0.24%) Oracle Applications
3 17 (0.24%) Remedy ITSM
4 14 (0.20%) ION MarketView
5 10 (0.14%) Magento
5 10 (0.14%) Maximo
6 9 (0.13%) Endur
7 8 (0.11%) Salesforce.com CRM
8 7 (0.099%) Dynamics CRM
8 7 (0.099%) Payment Gateway
8 7 (0.099%) Sentinel
9 6 (0.085%) Distributed Ledger
9 6 (0.085%) R3 Corda
10 5 (0.070%) BusinessWorks
10 5 (0.070%) HFM
11 4 (0.056%) Relativity
11 4 (0.056%) SAP Hybris
Cloud Services
1 2,197 (30.97%) Amazon AWS
2 1,034 (14.57%) Microsoft Azure
3 418 (5.89%) Amazon EC2
4 412 (5.81%) Google Cloud Platform
5 325 (4.58%) GitHub
6 289 (4.07%) Amazon S3
7 267 (3.76%) OpenShift
8 265 (3.74%) AWS CloudFormation
9 242 (3.41%) PaaS
10 230 (3.24%) Virtual Private Cloud
11 219 (3.09%) Serverless
12 193 (2.72%) IaaS
13 165 (2.33%) Office 365
14 164 (2.31%) Amazon CloudWatch
15 160 (2.26%) Cloud Computing
16 159 (2.24%) Datadog
17 153 (2.16%) AWS Lambda
18 142 (2.00%) Amazon ELB
19 131 (1.85%) SaaS
20 119 (1.68%) Route 53
Communications & Networking
1 526 (7.41%) HTTP
2 520 (7.33%) TCP/IP
3 505 (7.12%) Firewall
4 464 (6.54%) DNS
5 351 (4.95%) SSL
6 271 (3.82%) VPN
7 256 (3.61%) DHCP
8 183 (2.58%) SAN
9 174 (2.45%) FTP
10 166 (2.34%) LAN
11 159 (2.24%) WAN
12 154 (2.17%) IPsec
13 134 (1.89%) Internet
14 119 (1.68%) Network Security
15 75 (1.06%) VLAN
16 69 (0.97%) Cisco Nexus
17 68 (0.96%) Wireless
18 62 (0.87%) VoIP
19 61 (0.86%) Kerberos
20 53 (0.75%) Ethernet
Database & Business Intelligence
1 676 (9.53%) MySQL
2 510 (7.19%) MongoDB
3 505 (7.12%) SQL Server
4 459 (6.47%) PostgreSQL
5 438 (6.17%) Relational Database
6 425 (5.99%) Big Data
7 404 (5.69%) Hadoop
8 399 (5.62%) NoSQL
9 341 (4.81%) Oracle Database
10 243 (3.42%) Amazon RDS
11 156 (2.20%) RDBMS
12 155 (2.18%) HBase
13 141 (1.99%) Apache Cassandra
14 130 (1.83%) Apache Hive
15 99 (1.40%) Data Warehouse
16 98 (1.38%) Oracle Database 12c
17 95 (1.34%) Redis
18 82 (1.16%) Amazon Redshift
19 80 (1.13%) Amazon DynamoDB
20 78 (1.10%) DB2
Development Applications
1 1,757 (24.76%) Jenkins
2 1,646 (23.20%) Git (software)
3 681 (9.60%) JIRA
4 337 (4.75%) Maven
5 331 (4.67%) Subversion
6 304 (4.28%) Sonatype Nexus
7 245 (3.45%) GitLab
8 216 (3.04%) JUnit
9 189 (2.66%) Selenium
10 175 (2.47%) Bitbucket
11 157 (2.21%) Artifactory
12 156 (2.20%) Cucumber
13 152 (2.14%) TeamCity
14 150 (2.11%) Atlassian Bamboo
15 146 (2.06%) Travis CI
16 133 (1.87%) Gradle
17 117 (1.65%) Mockito
18 114 (1.61%) SonarQube
19 99 (1.40%) gulp
20 93 (1.31%) Ant
General
1 952 (13.42%) Finance
2 372 (5.24%) Banking
3 199 (2.80%) Telecoms
4 123 (1.73%) Marketing
5 115 (1.62%) Retail
6 108 (1.52%) Front Office
7 105 (1.48%) Electronics
8 103 (1.45%) Manufacturing
9 96 (1.35%) Investment Banking
10 69 (0.97%) Law
11 64 (0.90%) Financial Institution
12 57 (0.80%) Legal
13 50 (0.70%) Aerospace
14 45 (0.63%) Games
15 34 (0.48%) Military
16 30 (0.42%) Publishing
17 29 (0.41%) Back Office
18 26 (0.37%) Advertising
19 22 (0.31%) Automotive
19 22 (0.31%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 1,656 (23.34%) Developer
2 1,481 (20.87%) DevOps Engineer
3 592 (8.34%) Java Developer
4 524 (7.39%) Linux Engineer
5 503 (7.09%) AWS Engineer
6 459 (6.47%) Architect
7 426 (6.00%) Administrator
8 419 (5.91%) AWS DevOps
9 358 (5.05%) AWS DevOps Engineer
10 292 (4.12%) Analyst
11 267 (3.76%) Linux/Unix DevOps
12 257 (3.62%) Cloud Engineer
13 233 (3.28%) Consultant
13 233 (3.28%) Software Engineer
14 207 (2.92%) Linux DevOps Engineer
15 195 (2.75%) Senior DevOps
16 191 (2.69%) Infrastructure Engineer
17 176 (2.48%) Systems Administrator
18 172 (2.42%) Platform Engineer
19 166 (2.34%) DBA
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 596 (8.40%) HTML
2 539 (7.60%) Web Services
3 486 (6.85%) Node.js
4 483 (6.81%) Spring
5 480 (6.77%) REST
6 462 (6.51%) CSS
7 428 (6.03%) JSON
8 412 (5.81%) Kafka
9 343 (4.83%) .NET
10 338 (4.76%) Elastic Stack
11 334 (4.71%) Middleware
12 312 (4.40%) XML
13 308 (4.34%) SOAP
14 259 (3.65%) RESTful
15 258 (3.64%) AngularJS
16 247 (3.48%) HTML5
17 207 (2.92%) J2EE
18 191 (2.69%) jQuery
19 184 (2.59%) RabbitMQ
19 184 (2.59%) React
Miscellaneous
1 395 (5.57%) Analytical Skills
2 295 (4.16%) Data Centre
3 283 (3.99%) Linux Command Line
4 204 (2.88%) Management Information System
5 202 (2.85%) Public Cloud
6 126 (1.78%) Greenfield Project
6 126 (1.78%) Self-Motivation
7 119 (1.68%) Virtual Team
8 111 (1.56%) User Experience
9 104 (1.47%) Mobile App
10 102 (1.44%) Data Structures
10 102 (1.44%) Enterprise Software
11 100 (1.41%) Fintech
11 100 (1.41%) Hybrid Cloud
12 97 (1.37%) Private Cloud
13 93 (1.31%) Algorithms
13 93 (1.31%) Clustering
14 83 (1.17%) Cloud Native
15 79 (1.11%) Mainframe
16 76 (1.07%) Replication
Operating Systems
1 1,933 (27.24%) Windows
2 1,759 (24.79%) Unix
3 1,217 (17.15%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
4 512 (7.22%) Windows Server
5 451 (6.36%) CentOS
6 304 (4.28%) Ubuntu
7 237 (3.34%) Solaris
8 179 (2.52%) Mac OS X
9 157 (2.21%) AIX
10 147 (2.07%) Windows Server 2012
11 143 (2.02%) Android
12 99 (1.40%) Windows Server 2008
13 75 (1.06%) Apple iOS
14 74 (1.04%) Mac OS
15 69 (0.97%) Embedded Linux
16 64 (0.90%) Debian
17 61 (0.86%) Oracle Linux
18 57 (0.80%) Windows 10
19 50 (0.70%) Windows 7
20 46 (0.65%) CoreOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,585 (36.43%) DevOps
2 2,201 (31.02%) Agile Software Development
3 1,104 (15.56%) Continuous Integration
4 1,058 (14.91%) Configuration Management
5 862 (12.15%) Test Automation
6 772 (10.88%) TDD
7 688 (9.70%) Open Source
8 676 (9.53%) Problem-Solving
9 612 (8.63%) Scrum
10 605 (8.53%) Microservices
11 604 (8.51%) Software Engineering
12 514 (7.24%) Migration
13 495 (6.98%) ITIL
14 418 (5.89%) BDD
15 368 (5.19%) Continuous Delivery
16 311 (4.38%) Web Development
17 310 (4.37%) Deployment Automation
18 304 (4.28%) Continuous Deployment
19 294 (4.14%) OO
20 292 (4.12%) Kanban
Programming Languages
1 2,109 (29.73%) Python
2 1,982 (27.94%) Java
3 1,158 (16.32%) SQL
4 991 (13.97%) Bash Shell
5 941 (13.26%) JavaScript
6 626 (8.82%) Ruby
7 533 (7.51%) C++
8 490 (6.91%) Perl
9 468 (6.60%) Shell Script
10 451 (6.36%) PowerShell
11 371 (5.23%) C
12 364 (5.13%) PHP
13 269 (3.79%) C#
14 266 (3.75%) Scala
15 255 (3.59%) Java 8
16 242 (3.41%) Go
17 135 (1.90%) Groovy
18 94 (1.32%) PL/SQL
18 94 (1.32%) TypeScript
19 70 (0.99%) R
Qualifications
1 1,128 (15.90%) Security Cleared
2 909 (12.81%) SC Cleared
3 474 (6.68%) Degree
4 181 (2.55%) DV Cleared
5 170 (2.40%) RHCE
6 164 (2.31%) Cisco Certification
7 139 (1.96%) AWS Certification
8 137 (1.93%) BPSS Clearance
9 121 (1.71%) Computer Science Degree
10 99 (1.40%) Microsoft Certification
11 95 (1.34%) CCNP
12 66 (0.93%) MCSE
13 65 (0.92%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
14 59 (0.83%) CISSP
15 56 (0.79%) CCNA
16 49 (0.69%) ISTQB
17 44 (0.62%) ISEB
17 44 (0.62%) ITIL Certification
18 42 (0.59%) PhD
19 39 (0.55%) MCSA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 236 (3.33%) QA
2 118 (1.66%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 81 (1.14%) PCI DSS
4 74 (1.04%) GDPR
5 67 (0.94%) SLA
6 60 (0.85%) Data Quality
7 38 (0.54%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
8 26 (0.37%) Sarbanes-Oxley
9 21 (0.30%) Disclosure Scotland
10 18 (0.25%) HMG Infosec
10 18 (0.25%) HMG Security Policy Framework
10 18 (0.25%) JSP 440
11 15 (0.21%) WCAG
12 12 (0.17%) COBIT
13 9 (0.13%) ISO 9001
14 8 (0.11%) ISO 22301
15 7 (0.099%) ISAE 3402
15 7 (0.099%) ISO 31000
15 7 (0.099%) ISO/IEC 27005
15 7 (0.099%) MISRA
System Software
1 1,678 (23.65%) Docker
2 546 (7.70%) Active Directory
3 461 (6.50%) VMware Infrastructure
4 151 (2.13%) Virtual Machines
5 136 (1.92%) HDFS
6 109 (1.54%) Oracle RAC
6 109 (1.54%) VMware ESXi
7 104 (1.47%) Hyper-V
8 99 (1.40%) vSphere
9 79 (1.11%) Xen
10 74 (1.04%) Apache ZooKeeper
11 69 (0.97%) KVM
12 62 (0.87%) NFS
13 51 (0.72%) Apache Flume
14 49 (0.69%) XenApp
15 42 (0.59%) Virtual Servers
16 38 (0.54%) Firmware
17 31 (0.44%) VMware NSX
18 29 (0.41%) XenDesktop
19 25 (0.35%) Shibboleth
Systems Management
1 1,550 (21.85%) Ansible
2 1,180 (16.63%) Puppet
3 1,134 (15.98%) Kubernetes
4 1,062 (14.97%) Terraform
5 736 (10.37%) Opscode Chef
6 152 (2.14%) Nagios
7 147 (2.07%) SCCM
8 144 (2.03%) Packer
9 136 (1.92%) Grafana
10 126 (1.78%) Docker Swarm
11 112 (1.58%) Prometheus
12 107 (1.51%) Kibana
13 99 (1.40%) Hadoop YARN
14 83 (1.17%) ZABBIX
15 82 (1.16%) Salt
16 80 (1.13%) logstash
17 75 (1.06%) HAProxy
18 67 (0.94%) SCOM
19 62 (0.87%) Graphite
20 57 (0.80%) Consul
Vendors
1 1,114 (15.70%) Red Hat
2 1,076 (15.17%) Oracle
3 781 (11.01%) VMware
4 726 (10.23%) Microsoft
5 452 (6.37%) Google
6 383 (5.40%) Splunk
7 351 (4.95%) Cisco
8 233 (3.28%) IBM
9 215 (3.03%) Atlassian
10 150 (2.11%) Citrix
11 149 (2.10%) HP
12 136 (1.92%) Qualys
13 113 (1.59%) EMC
14 110 (1.55%) NetApp
15 108 (1.52%) ServiceNow
16 107 (1.51%) SAP
17 89 (1.25%) Cloudera
18 78 (1.10%) New Relic
19 77 (1.09%) Dell
20 74 (1.04%) AppDynamics