Period
to 21 June 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Linux skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Linux over the 6 months to 21 June 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Linux
UK > England
6 months to
21 Jun 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 11 11 10
Rank change year-on-year 0 -1 +7
Contract jobs citing Linux 8,088 7,691 9,334
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 8.86% 9.15% 9.50%
As % of the Operating Systems category 42.32% 44.53% 42.90%
Number of daily rates quoted 5,363 5,108 6,371
England median daily rate £500 £475 £443
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.26% +7.34% +4.12%
10th Percentile £325 £315 £300
90th Percentile £638 £620 £600
UK median daily rate £490 £460 £435
% change year-on-year +6.52% +5.75% +4.82%
Number of hourly rates quoted 187 160 227
England median hourly rate £41.50 £40.00 £42.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +3.75% -4.76% +16.67%
10th Percentile £14.04 £23.98 £20.00
90th Percentile £58.75 £51.25 £52.25
UK median hourly rate £40.00 £40.00 £40.00

Linux is in the Operating Systems category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for operating system skills.

All Operating Systems
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills 19,110 17,273 21,759
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 20.92% 20.55% 22.15%
Number of daily rates quoted 12,080 10,924 13,759
England median daily rate £440 £425 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +3.53% +6.25% +6.67%
10th Percentile £186 £203 £213
90th Percentile £613 £588 £575
UK median daily rate £425 £425 £400
% change year-on-year - +6.25% +6.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,297 1,027 1,237
England median hourly rate £17.50 £16.75 £16.97
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +4.48% -1.30% +5.01%
10th Percentile £11.17 £10.50 £10.75
90th Percentile £47.50 £47.50 £46.00
UK median hourly rate £17.39 £16.50 £17.00
% change year-on-year +5.39% -2.94% +5.20%

Linux
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Linux as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Linux in England

Linux
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Linux in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for Linux in England

Linux
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Linux in England over the 6 months to 21 June 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Linux in England

Linux
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Linux in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Linux in England

Linux
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Linux in England over the 6 months to 21 June 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Linux in England

Linux
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Linux within the England region over the 6 months to 21 June 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -6 4,072 £525 +5.00% 1,042
South East -2 1,655 £463 +8.82% 538
North of England -2 1,083 £420 -1.18% 366
Midlands -1 519 £440 +3.53% 202
Yorkshire -2 460 £425 -1.16% 120
North West -5 421 £440 +3.53% 209
South West +4 389 £450 +5.14% 235
East of England -1 362 £425 -5.56% 282
West Midlands -7 288 £460 -3.26% 140
East Midlands +10 228 £410 +15.01% 61
North East +2 202 £365 -5.19% 37
South Coast +1 3 £500 -
Linux
UK

For the 6 months to 21 June 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Linux also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Linux.

1 2,807 (34.71%) DevOps
2 2,565 (31.71%) Python
3 2,401 (29.69%) Agile Software Development
4 2,303 (28.47%) Java
5 2,227 (27.53%) Unix
6 2,154 (26.63%) Windows
7 2,111 (26.10%) Jenkins
8 2,094 (25.89%) Amazon AWS
9 1,869 (23.11%) Git (software)
10 1,765 (21.82%) Docker
11 1,692 (20.92%) Puppet
12 1,671 (20.66%) Ansible
13 1,433 (17.72%) SQL
14 1,370 (16.94%) Continuous Integration
15 1,321 (16.33%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
16 1,298 (16.05%) Bash Shell
17 1,295 (16.01%) Configuration Management
18 1,276 (15.78%) Finance
19 1,188 (14.69%) Red Hat
20 1,187 (14.68%) Oracle
21 1,140 (14.09%) Security Cleared
22 1,099 (13.59%) JavaScript
23 987 (12.20%) Opscode Chef
24 976 (12.07%) Terraform
25 936 (11.57%) Microsoft Azure
26 888 (10.98%) SC Cleared
27 882 (10.91%) Open Source
28 873 (10.79%) Kubernetes
29 871 (10.77%) Ruby
30 865 (10.69%) Test Automation

Linux
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 686 (8.48%) Apache
2 440 (5.44%) Confluence
3 378 (4.67%) Tomcat
4 354 (4.38%) Elasticsearch
5 353 (4.36%) Apache Spark
6 312 (3.86%) nginx
7 226 (2.79%) JBoss
8 184 (2.27%) WebSphere
9 174 (2.15%) OpenStack
10 170 (2.10%) IIS
11 144 (1.78%) WebLogic
12 131 (1.62%) Oracle SOA Suite
13 96 (1.19%) MS Exchange
14 66 (0.82%) Jetty
15 65 (0.80%) CMS
16 63 (0.78%) Cloud Foundry
17 58 (0.72%) SharePoint
17 58 (0.72%) WebSphere Application Server
18 56 (0.69%) Apache Solr
19 43 (0.53%) Oracle Service Bus
Applications
1 85 (1.05%) Microsoft Office
2 40 (0.49%) Microsoft Excel
3 30 (0.37%) MS Visio
4 15 (0.19%) Microsoft Project
5 11 (0.14%) HipChat
5 11 (0.14%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 11 (0.14%) Spreadsheet
6 10 (0.12%) Stata
7 4 (0.049%) Simulink
8 3 (0.037%) Adobe Creative Suite
8 3 (0.037%) Photoshop
9 2 (0.025%) Adobe Illustrator
9 2 (0.025%) Chatbot
10 1 (0.012%) Adobe After Effects
10 1 (0.012%) Adobe Premiere
10 1 (0.012%) Avid Media Composer
10 1 (0.012%) CATIA
10 1 (0.012%) Final Cut Pro
10 1 (0.012%) Shockwave
10 1 (0.012%) Stateflow
Business Applications
1 53 (0.66%) ION MarketView
2 38 (0.47%) Magento
3 34 (0.42%) Oracle Applications
4 27 (0.33%) Siebel CRM
5 25 (0.31%) Remedy ITSM
6 21 (0.26%) Oracle Utilities
7 18 (0.22%) Oracle EBS
8 12 (0.15%) Dynamics CRM
8 12 (0.15%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
9 9 (0.11%) BusinessWorks
10 7 (0.087%) Endur
10 7 (0.087%) Oracle BPM
10 7 (0.087%) Payment Gateway
11 6 (0.074%) HiPortfolio
11 6 (0.074%) Oracle EBS R12
11 6 (0.074%) RMDS
11 6 (0.074%) SAP Hybris
11 6 (0.074%) WebTrends
12 5 (0.062%) OpenLink RightAngle
13 4 (0.049%) Temenos T24
Cloud Services
1 2,094 (25.89%) Amazon AWS
2 936 (11.57%) Microsoft Azure
3 367 (4.54%) GitHub
4 320 (3.96%) Amazon EC2
5 290 (3.59%) AWS CloudFormation
6 280 (3.46%) PaaS
7 274 (3.39%) IaaS
8 235 (2.91%) Serverless
9 229 (2.83%) Amazon S3
10 207 (2.56%) AWS Lambda
11 191 (2.36%) Google Cloud Platform
12 173 (2.14%) Virtual Private Cloud
13 172 (2.13%) OpenShift
14 151 (1.87%) Amazon CloudWatch
15 148 (1.83%) Cloud Computing
16 136 (1.68%) SaaS
17 130 (1.61%) Office 365
18 120 (1.48%) Route 53
19 101 (1.25%) Amazon ELB
20 71 (0.88%) Slack
Communications & Networking
1 635 (7.85%) Firewall
2 538 (6.65%) TCP/IP
3 479 (5.92%) DNS
4 439 (5.43%) HTTP
5 334 (4.13%) SSL
6 236 (2.92%) SAN
7 187 (2.31%) DHCP
8 161 (1.99%) Network Security
9 158 (1.95%) FTP
10 157 (1.94%) VPN
11 142 (1.76%) Internet
12 140 (1.73%) WAN
13 117 (1.45%) LAN
14 111 (1.37%) Kerberos
15 98 (1.21%) SSH
16 96 (1.19%) SMS
17 78 (0.96%) IPsec
18 70 (0.87%) SNMP
19 67 (0.83%) Wireless
20 59 (0.73%) VLAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 824 (10.19%) MySQL
2 690 (8.53%) PostgreSQL
3 624 (7.72%) Relational Database
4 590 (7.29%) MongoDB
5 583 (7.21%) SQL Server
6 544 (6.73%) Big Data
7 505 (6.24%) Hadoop
8 451 (5.58%) NoSQL
9 339 (4.19%) Oracle Database
10 252 (3.12%) Apache Cassandra
11 222 (2.74%) Amazon RDS
12 205 (2.53%) RDBMS
13 202 (2.50%) HBase
14 200 (2.47%) Apache Hive
15 186 (2.30%) Redis
16 157 (1.94%) DB2
17 139 (1.72%) Oracle Database 11g
18 120 (1.48%) Data Warehouse
19 97 (1.20%) Oracle Database 12c
20 86 (1.06%) Amazon Redshift
Development Applications
1 2,111 (26.10%) Jenkins
2 1,869 (23.11%) Git (software)
3 720 (8.90%) JIRA
4 422 (5.22%) Maven
5 368 (4.55%) Subversion
6 291 (3.60%) Selenium
7 282 (3.49%) Cucumber
8 272 (3.36%) Sonatype Nexus
9 244 (3.02%) Artifactory
10 243 (3.00%) JUnit
11 237 (2.93%) TeamCity
12 212 (2.62%) Vagrant
13 180 (2.23%) Bitbucket
14 174 (2.15%) GitLab
15 161 (1.99%) Gradle
16 152 (1.88%) Atlassian Bamboo
17 137 (1.69%) Eclipse
18 117 (1.45%) Travis CI
19 99 (1.22%) IntelliJ
20 96 (1.19%) Ant
General
1 1,276 (15.78%) Finance
2 572 (7.07%) Banking
3 244 (3.02%) Front Office
4 192 (2.37%) Telecoms
5 171 (2.11%) Investment Banking
6 121 (1.50%) Retail
7 105 (1.30%) Marketing
8 83 (1.03%) Financial Institution
9 73 (0.90%) Electronics
10 72 (0.89%) Back Office
11 71 (0.88%) Manufacturing
12 65 (0.80%) Games
13 57 (0.70%) Law
14 47 (0.58%) Legal
15 33 (0.41%) Advertising
15 33 (0.41%) Publishing
16 27 (0.33%) Automotive
17 21 (0.26%) French Language
18 20 (0.25%) Aerospace
18 20 (0.25%) German Language
Job Titles
1 2,094 (25.89%) Developer
2 1,763 (21.80%) DevOps Engineer
3 662 (8.18%) Java Developer
4 608 (7.52%) Linux Engineer
5 591 (7.31%) AWS Engineer
6 513 (6.34%) AWS DevOps
7 484 (5.98%) Administrator
8 450 (5.56%) AWS DevOps Engineer
9 428 (5.29%) Architect
10 364 (4.50%) Analyst
11 328 (4.06%) Consultant
12 321 (3.97%) Python Developer
13 320 (3.96%) Linux/Unix DevOps
14 293 (3.62%) Software Engineer
15 292 (3.61%) Cloud Engineer
16 280 (3.46%) Systems Administrator
17 277 (3.42%) Senior Developer
18 262 (3.24%) Senior DevOps
19 258 (3.19%) Linux DevOps Engineer
20 257 (3.18%) Infrastructure Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 808 (9.99%) Web Services
2 711 (8.79%) HTML
3 641 (7.93%) REST
4 569 (7.04%) Node.js
5 546 (6.75%) CSS
6 540 (6.68%) Spring
7 435 (5.38%) Kafka
8 408 (5.04%) Middleware
9 391 (4.83%) JSON
10 375 (4.64%) XML
11 371 (4.59%) RESTful
12 367 (4.54%) Elastic Stack
13 347 (4.29%) AngularJS
14 285 (3.52%) RabbitMQ
15 283 (3.50%) .NET
16 271 (3.35%) SOAP
17 259 (3.20%) HTML5
18 235 (2.91%) React
19 213 (2.63%) LAMP
20 211 (2.61%) J2EE
Miscellaneous
1 576 (7.12%) Analytical Skills
2 356 (4.40%) Data Centre
3 354 (4.38%) Linux Command Line
4 305 (3.77%) Computer Science
5 214 (2.65%) Greenfield Project
6 180 (2.23%) Clustering
7 169 (2.09%) Replication
8 157 (1.94%) Enterprise Software
8 157 (1.94%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
9 152 (1.88%) Algorithms
10 138 (1.71%) User Experience
11 134 (1.66%) Public Cloud
12 124 (1.53%) Management Information System
13 115 (1.42%) Self-Motivation
14 113 (1.40%) Fixed Income
15 106 (1.31%) Fintech
16 96 (1.19%) Virtual Team
17 83 (1.03%) Data Structures
18 73 (0.90%) Private Cloud
19 69 (0.85%) Derivative
Operating Systems
1 2,227 (27.53%) Unix
2 2,154 (26.63%) Windows
3 1,321 (16.33%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
4 597 (7.38%) CentOS
5 588 (7.27%) Windows Server
6 416 (5.14%) Solaris
7 368 (4.55%) Ubuntu
8 283 (3.50%) AIX
9 192 (2.37%) Windows Server 2012
10 151 (1.87%) Mac OS X
11 145 (1.79%) Windows Server 2008
12 96 (1.19%) Android
13 91 (1.13%) Windows 10
14 90 (1.11%) HPUX
15 89 (1.10%) SUSE
16 86 (1.06%) Windows 7
17 78 (0.96%) Debian
18 74 (0.91%) Apple iOS
19 65 (0.80%) Windows Server 2003
20 63 (0.78%) Mac OS
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,807 (34.71%) DevOps
2 2,401 (29.69%) Agile Software Development
3 1,370 (16.94%) Continuous Integration
4 1,295 (16.01%) Configuration Management
5 882 (10.91%) Open Source
6 865 (10.69%) Test Automation
7 855 (10.57%) TDD
8 727 (8.99%) Problem-Solving
9 675 (8.35%) Scrum
10 625 (7.73%) Software Engineering
11 576 (7.12%) Microservices
12 509 (6.29%) Continuous Delivery
13 479 (5.92%) BDD
14 461 (5.70%) Migration
15 451 (5.58%) ITIL
16 419 (5.18%) OO
17 383 (4.74%) Deployment Automation
18 374 (4.62%) Analytics
19 363 (4.49%) Web Development
20 360 (4.45%) SDLC
Programming Languages
1 2,565 (31.71%) Python
2 2,303 (28.47%) Java
3 1,433 (17.72%) SQL
4 1,298 (16.05%) Bash Shell
5 1,099 (13.59%) JavaScript
6 871 (10.77%) Ruby
7 831 (10.27%) Perl
8 618 (7.64%) Shell Script
9 559 (6.91%) C++
10 460 (5.69%) PowerShell
11 409 (5.06%) C
12 384 (4.75%) Scala
13 368 (4.55%) PHP
14 313 (3.87%) C#
15 262 (3.24%) Java 8
16 258 (3.19%) Go
17 230 (2.84%) Groovy
18 170 (2.10%) PL/SQL
19 109 (1.35%) TypeScript
20 86 (1.06%) Korn
Qualifications
1 1,140 (14.09%) Security Cleared
2 888 (10.98%) SC Cleared
3 510 (6.31%) Degree
4 148 (1.83%) DV Cleared
5 126 (1.56%) Computer Science Degree
6 105 (1.30%) AWS Certification
7 103 (1.27%) BPSS Clearance
8 74 (0.91%) Cisco Certification
9 64 (0.79%) CISSP
10 48 (0.59%) ISEB
10 48 (0.59%) Microsoft Certification
11 46 (0.57%) RHCE
12 43 (0.53%) CCNP
13 42 (0.52%) ISTQB
14 39 (0.48%) CCNA
15 36 (0.45%) MCSE
16 33 (0.41%) ITIL Certification
17 31 (0.38%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
18 30 (0.37%) Master's Degree
19 24 (0.30%) CEH
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 213 (2.63%) QA
2 114 (1.41%) SLA
3 81 (1.00%) GCP
4 62 (0.77%) Data Quality
5 52 (0.64%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 47 (0.58%) PCI DSS
7 43 (0.53%) GDPR
8 29 (0.36%) Sarbanes-Oxley
9 22 (0.27%) MiFID
10 17 (0.21%) PMO
11 15 (0.19%) TARGET2
12 13 (0.16%) COBIT
12 13 (0.16%) Disclosure Scotland
13 10 (0.12%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
14 9 (0.11%) ISO 9001
15 8 (0.099%) RMADS
16 7 (0.087%) EMIR
16 7 (0.087%) HIPAA
17 6 (0.074%) Cyber Essentials
18 5 (0.062%) TickIT
System Software
1 1,765 (21.82%) Docker
2 498 (6.16%) VMware Infrastructure
3 487 (6.02%) Active Directory
4 217 (2.68%) Virtual Machines
5 172 (2.13%) HDFS
5 172 (2.13%) VMware ESXi
6 148 (1.83%) Hyper-V
7 133 (1.64%) Apache ZooKeeper
8 123 (1.52%) vSphere
9 81 (1.00%) NFS
10 69 (0.85%) Xen
11 64 (0.79%) Apache Flume
12 53 (0.66%) Veritas Cluster Server
13 50 (0.62%) KVM
13 50 (0.62%) Oracle RAC
14 49 (0.61%) XenApp
15 48 (0.59%) VirtualBox
16 46 (0.57%) Virtual Servers
17 45 (0.56%) Firmware
18 40 (0.49%) etcd
Systems Management
1 1,692 (20.92%) Puppet
2 1,671 (20.66%) Ansible
3 987 (12.20%) Opscode Chef
4 976 (12.07%) Terraform
5 873 (10.79%) Kubernetes
6 230 (2.84%) Nagios
7 213 (2.63%) Packer
8 203 (2.51%) Salt
9 183 (2.26%) Grafana
9 183 (2.26%) Kibana
10 155 (1.92%) logstash
11 130 (1.61%) SCCM
12 114 (1.41%) HAProxy
13 108 (1.34%) Hadoop YARN
14 106 (1.31%) Docker Swarm
15 102 (1.26%) Prometheus
16 97 (1.20%) Consul
17 89 (1.10%) SCOM
18 82 (1.01%) Mesos
19 81 (1.00%) ZABBIX
Vendors
1 1,188 (14.69%) Red Hat
2 1,187 (14.68%) Oracle
3 864 (10.68%) VMware
4 744 (9.20%) Microsoft
5 359 (4.44%) Splunk
6 340 (4.20%) Google
7 330 (4.08%) Cisco
8 318 (3.93%) IBM
9 310 (3.83%) HP
10 190 (2.35%) Atlassian
11 154 (1.90%) NetApp
12 153 (1.89%) Citrix
13 142 (1.76%) SaltStack
14 141 (1.74%) Cloudera
15 127 (1.57%) Sybase
16 111 (1.37%) Hortonworks
17 108 (1.34%) Veritas
18 107 (1.32%) Sun
19 103 (1.27%) New Relic
20 93 (1.15%) EMC