Period
to 17 August 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Linux skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Linux over the 6 months to 17 August 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Linux
UK > England
6 months to
17 Aug 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 17 13 12
Rank change year-on-year -4 -1 -2
Contract jobs citing Linux 6,511 8,098 8,103
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 7.83% 8.60% 9.18%
As % of the Operating Systems category 38.88% 41.18% 44.58%
Number of daily rates quoted 4,109 5,290 5,343
England median daily rate £500 £500 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.26% +5.56%
10th Percentile £325 £325 £313
90th Percentile £656 £650 £620
UK median daily rate £500 £500 £465
% change year-on-year - +7.53% +3.33%
Number of hourly rates quoted 180 204 181
England median hourly rate £45.00 £42.50 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +5.88% +6.25% -
10th Percentile £21.18 £17.50 £26.00
90th Percentile £53.75 £53.75 £51.00
UK median hourly rate £45.00 £42.50 £40.00
% change year-on-year +5.88% +6.25% -

Linux is in the Operating Systems category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for operating system skills.

All Operating Systems
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills 16,748 19,665 18,175
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 20.14% 20.90% 20.60%
Number of daily rates quoted 10,593 12,333 11,491
England median daily rate £425 £438 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -2.86% +2.94% +6.12%
10th Percentile £155 £181 £200
90th Percentile £625 £624 £594
UK median daily rate £425 £425 £425
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,035 1,368 1,062
England median hourly rate £17.50 £17.50 £17.38
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - +0.68% +5.35%
10th Percentile £11.24 £11.17 £10.75
90th Percentile £50.00 £47.50 £47.83
UK median hourly rate £17.50 £17.50 £17.00
% change year-on-year - +2.94% +3.03%

Linux
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Linux as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Linux in England

Linux
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Linux in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for Linux in England

Linux
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Linux in England over the 6 months to 17 August 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Linux in England

Linux
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Linux in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Linux in England

Linux
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Linux in England over the 6 months to 17 August 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Linux in England

Linux
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Linux within the England region over the 6 months to 17 August 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -3 3,030 £550 +2.80% 873
South East -10 1,095 £474 +2.99% 443
North of England -2 800 £474 +11.47% 385
South West +13 671 £500 +12.92% 278
Midlands +11 458 £450 +5.88% 261
East of England 0 436 £420 -6.15% 291
Yorkshire 0 362 £475 +11.76% 119
North West +1 345 £463 +2.78% 219
West Midlands +9 295 £450 +2.27% 155
East Midlands +7 157 £450 +12.50% 105
North East -8 92 £470 +25.33% 48
Linux
UK

For the 6 months to 17 August 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Linux also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Linux.

1 2,334 (35.85%) DevOps
2 2,089 (32.08%) Amazon AWS
3 2,027 (31.13%) Agile Software Development
4 1,913 (29.38%) Python
5 1,822 (27.98%) Java
6 1,751 (26.89%) Windows
7 1,587 (24.37%) Docker
8 1,527 (23.45%) Unix
9 1,477 (22.68%) Git (software)
9 1,477 (22.68%) Jenkins
10 1,438 (22.09%) Ansible
11 1,163 (17.86%) Kubernetes
12 1,091 (16.76%) SQL
13 1,086 (16.68%) Terraform
14 1,076 (16.53%) Security Cleared
15 1,055 (16.20%) Microsoft Azure
16 1,023 (15.71%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
17 948 (14.56%) Finance
18 921 (14.15%) Bash Shell
19 916 (14.07%) Puppet
20 901 (13.84%) Continuous Integration
21 898 (13.79%) Oracle
22 889 (13.65%) Red Hat
23 888 (13.64%) JavaScript
24 841 (12.92%) Configuration Management
25 771 (11.84%) SC Cleared
26 707 (10.86%) VMware
27 699 (10.74%) Software Engineering
28 690 (10.60%) Test Automation
29 688 (10.57%) TDD

Linux
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 467 (7.17%) Apache
2 362 (5.56%) Confluence
3 269 (4.13%) Apache Spark
4 235 (3.61%) Tomcat
5 208 (3.19%) nginx
6 194 (2.98%) Elasticsearch
7 159 (2.44%) JBoss
8 150 (2.30%) OpenStack
9 114 (1.75%) IIS
10 100 (1.54%) WebSphere
11 97 (1.49%) WebLogic
12 92 (1.41%) SharePoint
13 86 (1.32%) MS Exchange
14 55 (0.84%) CMS
15 52 (0.80%) SAS
16 43 (0.66%) Jetty
17 37 (0.57%) Apache Solr
17 37 (0.57%) Drupal
18 33 (0.51%) Oracle SOA Suite
19 32 (0.49%) Cloud Foundry
Applications
1 104 (1.60%) Microsoft Office
2 48 (0.74%) Microsoft Excel
3 23 (0.35%) MS Visio
4 22 (0.34%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 8 (0.12%) Microsoft Project
6 6 (0.092%) Spreadsheet
7 2 (0.031%) Mozilla Thunderbird
7 2 (0.031%) Photoshop
8 1 (0.015%) Abaqus
8 1 (0.015%) Adobe Creative Suite
8 1 (0.015%) Chatbot
8 1 (0.015%) FileZilla
8 1 (0.015%) HipChat
8 1 (0.015%) InVision
8 1 (0.015%) LightWave 3D
8 1 (0.015%) Notepad++
8 1 (0.015%) Stata
Business Applications
1 29 (0.45%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
2 27 (0.41%) assyst
3 24 (0.37%) Oracle EBS
4 22 (0.34%) Oracle Applications
4 22 (0.34%) Oracle EBS R12
4 22 (0.34%) Remedy ITSM
5 18 (0.28%) BusinessWorks
6 14 (0.22%) Distributed Ledger
6 14 (0.22%) Magento
7 13 (0.20%) Payment Gateway
8 12 (0.18%) R3 Corda
9 11 (0.17%) Salesforce.com CRM
10 10 (0.15%) CSG Singleview
11 9 (0.14%) Oracle Internet Expenses
11 9 (0.14%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
12 7 (0.11%) Oracle BPM
12 7 (0.11%) Oracle Cash Management
13 6 (0.092%) Oracle General Ledger
13 6 (0.092%) Oracle iProcurement
13 6 (0.092%) Oracle Retail
Cloud Services
1 2,089 (32.08%) Amazon AWS
2 1,055 (16.20%) Microsoft Azure
3 431 (6.62%) Google Cloud Platform
4 369 (5.67%) Amazon EC2
5 336 (5.16%) Amazon S3
6 318 (4.88%) OpenShift
7 283 (4.35%) GitHub
8 271 (4.16%) AWS CloudFormation
9 260 (3.99%) Serverless
10 212 (3.26%) AWS Lambda
11 211 (3.24%) Virtual Private Cloud
12 204 (3.13%) PaaS
13 196 (3.01%) Amazon CloudWatch
14 187 (2.87%) IaaS
15 168 (2.58%) Office 365
16 152 (2.33%) Amazon ECS
17 144 (2.21%) Amazon ELB
18 127 (1.95%) Route 53
19 121 (1.86%) SaaS
20 101 (1.55%) Datadog
Communications & Networking
1 463 (7.11%) Firewall
2 422 (6.48%) TCP/IP
3 362 (5.56%) DNS
4 352 (5.41%) HTTP
5 232 (3.56%) SSL
6 195 (2.99%) WAN
7 192 (2.95%) DHCP
8 177 (2.72%) VPN
9 173 (2.66%) SAN
10 161 (2.47%) LAN
11 149 (2.29%) Internet
12 130 (2.00%) FTP
13 114 (1.75%) Ethernet
14 105 (1.61%) Network Security
15 99 (1.52%) IPsec
16 79 (1.21%) Intrusion Detection
17 76 (1.17%) Wireless
18 67 (1.03%) NAS
19 58 (0.89%) Wireshark
20 56 (0.86%) Wi-Fi
Database & Business Intelligence
1 667 (10.24%) MySQL
2 450 (6.91%) SQL Server
3 419 (6.44%) MongoDB
4 397 (6.10%) Big Data
5 388 (5.96%) PostgreSQL
6 363 (5.58%) Relational Database
7 310 (4.76%) Hadoop
8 308 (4.73%) Oracle Database
9 300 (4.61%) NoSQL
10 211 (3.24%) Amazon RDS
11 161 (2.47%) RDBMS
12 120 (1.84%) Data Warehouse
13 115 (1.77%) Apache Hive
14 114 (1.75%) DB2
15 112 (1.72%) HBase
16 106 (1.63%) Apache Cassandra
17 82 (1.26%) Amazon DynamoDB
18 79 (1.21%) Oracle Database 11g
19 66 (1.01%) Oracle Database 12c
20 65 (1.00%) Redis
Development Applications
1 1,477 (22.68%) Git (software)
1 1,477 (22.68%) Jenkins
2 652 (10.01%) JIRA
3 242 (3.72%) Maven
4 215 (3.30%) Subversion
5 197 (3.03%) Sonatype Nexus
6 196 (3.01%) GitLab
7 183 (2.81%) JUnit
8 169 (2.60%) Bitbucket
9 142 (2.18%) TeamCity
10 130 (2.00%) Mockito
11 128 (1.97%) Selenium
12 117 (1.80%) Atlassian Bamboo
13 114 (1.75%) SonarQube
14 102 (1.57%) Cucumber
15 100 (1.54%) Artifactory
16 96 (1.47%) Travis CI
16 96 (1.47%) Visual Studio
17 95 (1.46%) Eclipse
17 95 (1.46%) Gradle
General
1 948 (14.56%) Finance
2 365 (5.61%) Banking
3 168 (2.58%) Telecoms
4 125 (1.92%) Retail
5 99 (1.52%) Marketing
6 78 (1.20%) Front Office
7 77 (1.18%) Investment Banking
8 68 (1.04%) Law
9 66 (1.01%) Financial Institution
10 63 (0.97%) Manufacturing
11 60 (0.92%) Electronics
12 59 (0.91%) Games
13 58 (0.89%) Aerospace
14 45 (0.69%) Legal
15 44 (0.68%) Military
16 33 (0.51%) Publishing
17 25 (0.38%) Billing
18 21 (0.32%) Back Office
19 18 (0.28%) Advertising
19 18 (0.28%) German Language
Job Titles
1 1,457 (22.38%) Developer
2 1,331 (20.44%) DevOps Engineer
3 482 (7.40%) Java Developer
4 425 (6.53%) AWS Engineer
5 409 (6.28%) Linux Engineer
6 368 (5.65%) AWS DevOps
7 357 (5.48%) Architect
8 337 (5.18%) Administrator
9 318 (4.88%) Software Engineer
10 317 (4.87%) Cloud Engineer
11 308 (4.73%) AWS DevOps Engineer
12 301 (4.62%) Analyst
13 241 (3.70%) Consultant
14 210 (3.23%) Linux/Unix DevOps
15 206 (3.16%) Platform Engineer
16 193 (2.96%) Infrastructure Engineer
17 171 (2.63%) Linux DevOps Engineer
18 163 (2.50%) Senior Developer
19 159 (2.44%) Senior DevOps
20 152 (2.33%) Systems Administrator
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 521 (8.00%) Web Services
2 448 (6.88%) HTML
3 427 (6.56%) Node.js
4 401 (6.16%) Kafka
5 392 (6.02%) CSS
6 363 (5.58%) Spring
7 353 (5.42%) .NET
8 343 (5.27%) JSON
9 335 (5.15%) REST
10 264 (4.05%) AngularJS
11 262 (4.02%) Elastic Stack
12 251 (3.86%) XML
13 229 (3.52%) Middleware
14 219 (3.36%) SOAP
15 215 (3.30%) RESTful
16 188 (2.89%) HTML5
17 156 (2.40%) jQuery
17 156 (2.40%) React
18 153 (2.35%) Spring Boot
19 151 (2.32%) J2EE
Miscellaneous
1 298 (4.58%) Analytical Skills
1 298 (4.58%) Data Centre
2 277 (4.25%) Linux Command Line
3 200 (3.07%) Public Cloud
4 179 (2.75%) Management Information System
5 164 (2.52%) Clustering
6 113 (1.74%) Greenfield Project
7 112 (1.72%) Replication
8 105 (1.61%) Data Structures
9 98 (1.51%) Cloud Native
10 94 (1.44%) Algorithms
10 94 (1.44%) Mobile App
11 87 (1.34%) Self-Motivation
12 83 (1.27%) PKI
13 80 (1.23%) User Experience
14 73 (1.12%) Private Cloud
15 72 (1.11%) Virtual Team
16 65 (1.00%) Enterprise Software
17 62 (0.95%) Derivative
18 60 (0.92%) Data Protection Act
Operating Systems
1 1,751 (26.89%) Windows
2 1,527 (23.45%) Unix
3 1,023 (15.71%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
4 467 (7.17%) Windows Server
5 446 (6.85%) CentOS
6 284 (4.36%) Ubuntu
7 241 (3.70%) Solaris
8 179 (2.75%) Mac OS X
9 169 (2.60%) Windows Server 2012
10 166 (2.55%) AIX
11 152 (2.33%) Android
12 88 (1.35%) Windows Server 2008
13 79 (1.21%) Debian
14 75 (1.15%) Apple iOS
14 75 (1.15%) Mac OS
15 74 (1.14%) Windows 10
16 73 (1.12%) Embedded Linux
17 61 (0.94%) Windows 7
18 54 (0.83%) Windows Server 2003
19 47 (0.72%) SUSE
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,334 (35.85%) DevOps
2 2,027 (31.13%) Agile Software Development
3 901 (13.84%) Continuous Integration
4 841 (12.92%) Configuration Management
5 699 (10.74%) Software Engineering
6 690 (10.60%) Test Automation
7 688 (10.57%) TDD
8 682 (10.47%) Scrum
9 639 (9.81%) Microservices
10 584 (8.97%) Problem-Solving
11 570 (8.75%) Migration
12 496 (7.62%) Open Source
13 439 (6.74%) ITIL
14 349 (5.36%) Infrastructure as Code
15 342 (5.25%) BDD
16 306 (4.70%) Kanban
17 299 (4.59%) Continuous Delivery
18 295 (4.53%) Continuous Deployment
19 279 (4.29%) Computer Science
20 278 (4.27%) Infrastructure Engineering
Programming Languages
1 1,913 (29.38%) Python
2 1,822 (27.98%) Java
3 1,091 (16.76%) SQL
4 921 (14.15%) Bash Shell
5 888 (13.64%) JavaScript
6 600 (9.22%) C++
7 526 (8.08%) PowerShell
7 526 (8.08%) Shell Script
8 501 (7.69%) Ruby
9 458 (7.03%) Perl
10 453 (6.96%) C
11 335 (5.15%) PHP
12 280 (4.30%) Java 8
13 267 (4.10%) C#
14 220 (3.38%) Go
15 203 (3.12%) Scala
16 138 (2.12%) PL/SQL
17 130 (2.00%) Groovy
18 129 (1.98%) TypeScript
19 64 (0.98%) Korn
Qualifications
1 1,076 (16.53%) Security Cleared
2 771 (11.84%) SC Cleared
3 392 (6.02%) Degree
4 237 (3.64%) DV Cleared
5 131 (2.01%) Cisco Certification
6 122 (1.87%) AWS Certification
7 104 (1.60%) Computer Science Degree
8 90 (1.38%) Microsoft Certification
9 89 (1.37%) CCNP
10 78 (1.20%) BPSS Clearance
11 77 (1.18%) RHCE
12 63 (0.97%) CISSP
13 58 (0.89%) MCSE
14 57 (0.88%) CCNA
15 41 (0.63%) ITIL Certification
15 41 (0.63%) MCSA
16 29 (0.45%) CCIE
16 29 (0.45%) CEH
16 29 (0.45%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
17 25 (0.38%) Master's Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 200 (3.07%) QA
2 80 (1.23%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 61 (0.94%) SLA
4 54 (0.83%) PCI DSS
5 50 (0.77%) NIST
6 48 (0.74%) Data Quality
7 44 (0.68%) GDPR
8 23 (0.35%) COBIT
9 22 (0.34%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
10 18 (0.28%) Disclosure Scotland
11 17 (0.26%) WCAG
12 16 (0.25%) Sarbanes-Oxley
13 12 (0.18%) MISRA
14 7 (0.11%) MISRA C
15 6 (0.092%) JSP 440
16 5 (0.077%) HMG Infosec
16 5 (0.077%) HMG Security Policy Framework
16 5 (0.077%) PMO
17 3 (0.046%) GAMP
17 3 (0.046%) ISO/IEC 20000
System Software
1 1,587 (24.37%) Docker
2 500 (7.68%) Active Directory
3 383 (5.88%) VMware Infrastructure
4 143 (2.20%) Virtual Machines
5 127 (1.95%) VMware ESXi
6 118 (1.81%) Hyper-V
7 90 (1.38%) vSphere
8 75 (1.15%) Oracle RAC
9 71 (1.09%) HDFS
10 55 (0.84%) LXC
10 55 (0.84%) XenApp
11 48 (0.74%) NFS
12 43 (0.66%) KVM
13 41 (0.63%) Xen
14 37 (0.57%) Apache Flume
15 34 (0.52%) Firmware
16 31 (0.48%) Virtual Servers
17 26 (0.40%) VMware NSX
18 25 (0.38%) Apache ZooKeeper
19 24 (0.37%) vCloud
Systems Management
1 1,438 (22.09%) Ansible
2 1,163 (17.86%) Kubernetes
3 1,086 (16.68%) Terraform
4 916 (14.07%) Puppet
5 657 (10.09%) Opscode Chef
6 153 (2.35%) Packer
7 129 (1.98%) SCCM
8 118 (1.81%) Grafana
9 107 (1.64%) Consul
10 99 (1.52%) Salt
11 96 (1.47%) Prometheus
12 90 (1.38%) Nagios
13 63 (0.97%) Kibana
14 59 (0.91%) SCOM
15 57 (0.88%) Hadoop YARN
16 56 (0.86%) HAProxy
16 56 (0.86%) WSUS
17 53 (0.81%) Single Sign-On
18 52 (0.80%) logstash
19 51 (0.78%) Docker Swarm
Vendors
1 898 (13.79%) Oracle
2 889 (13.65%) Red Hat
3 707 (10.86%) VMware
4 650 (9.98%) Microsoft
5 313 (4.81%) Cisco
6 310 (4.76%) Google
7 260 (3.99%) Splunk
8 248 (3.81%) IBM
9 180 (2.76%) HP
10 173 (2.66%) Atlassian
11 171 (2.63%) Citrix
12 142 (2.18%) SAP
13 107 (1.64%) NetApp
14 104 (1.60%) EMC
15 92 (1.41%) Cloudera
16 78 (1.20%) ServiceNow
17 76 (1.17%) Informatica
17 76 (1.17%) Veritas
18 72 (1.11%) Sybase
19 70 (1.08%) F5