Period
to 15 October 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Linux skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Linux over the 6 months to 15 October 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Linux
UK > England
6 months to
15 Oct 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 15 12 11
Rank change year-on-year -3 -1 +6
Contract jobs citing Linux 7,932 8,168 9,437
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 8.42% 9.03% 9.63%
As % of the Operating Systems category 40.28% 43.51% 43.90%
Number of daily rates quoted 5,144 5,362 6,430
England median daily rate £500 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% +5.88%
10th Percentile £325 £313 £306
90th Percentile £650 £625 £600
UK median daily rate £500 £475 £450
% change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 199 228 189
England median hourly rate £42.50 £40.65 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +4.54% +1.63% +6.67%
10th Percentile £17.50 £25.00 £17.90
90th Percentile £52.60 £50.25 £50.00
UK median hourly rate £42.50 £40.00 £40.00
% change year-on-year +6.25% - +6.67%

Linux is in the Operating Systems category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for operating system skills.

All Operating Systems
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills 19,690 18,774 21,497
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 20.90% 20.75% 21.94%
Number of daily rates quoted 12,231 11,953 13,717
England median daily rate £435 £425 £410
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.35% +3.66% +5.81%
10th Percentile £170 £181 £206
90th Percentile £613 £600 £575
UK median daily rate £425 £425 £400
% change year-on-year - +6.25% +3.90%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,391 1,137 1,178
England median hourly rate £17.50 £17.50 £16.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - +6.06% -
10th Percentile £11.17 £11.00 £10.59
90th Percentile £47.50 £47.83 £43.75
UK median hourly rate £17.50 £17.50 £16.50
% change year-on-year - +6.06% -

Linux
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Linux as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Linux in England

Linux
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Linux in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for Linux in England

Linux
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Linux in England over the 6 months to 15 October 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Linux in England

Linux
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Linux in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Linux in England

Linux
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Linux in England over the 6 months to 15 October 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Linux in England

Linux
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Linux within the England region over the 6 months to 15 October 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -7 3,933 £525 +2.44% 1,143
South East -3 1,461 £450 +5.88% 528
North of England -4 970 £430 +1.18% 438
South West +5 556 £450 +9.09% 308
East of England +2 551 £450 +0.67% 310
Midlands -4 447 £425 +3.66% 232
North West -4 395 £450 +2.86% 248
Yorkshire -1 383 £425 -5.56% 134
West Midlands -2 297 £439 -7.63% 142
North East +2 197 £425 +21.43% 56
East Midlands -12 148 £400 +10.34% 90
Linux
UK

For the 6 months to 15 October 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Linux also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Linux.

1 2,720 (34.29%) DevOps
2 2,387 (30.09%) Python
3 2,375 (29.94%) Agile Software Development
4 2,324 (29.30%) Windows
5 2,175 (27.42%) Java
6 2,168 (27.33%) Amazon AWS
7 2,119 (26.71%) Unix
8 1,946 (24.53%) Jenkins
9 1,852 (23.35%) Ansible
10 1,819 (22.93%) Git (software)
11 1,794 (22.62%) Docker
12 1,627 (20.51%) Puppet
13 1,499 (18.90%) SQL
14 1,297 (16.35%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
15 1,233 (15.54%) Finance
16 1,220 (15.38%) Continuous Integration
17 1,204 (15.18%) Terraform
18 1,180 (14.88%) Red Hat
19 1,159 (14.61%) Configuration Management
20 1,129 (14.23%) Bash Shell
21 1,108 (13.97%) Oracle
22 1,055 (13.30%) JavaScript
23 1,049 (13.22%) Security Cleared
24 1,019 (12.85%) VMware
25 995 (12.54%) Opscode Chef
26 973 (12.27%) Kubernetes
27 957 (12.07%) Microsoft Azure
28 838 (10.56%) Test Automation
29 832 (10.49%) SC Cleared
30 809 (10.20%) Perl

Linux
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 710 (8.95%) Apache
2 430 (5.42%) Confluence
3 374 (4.72%) Tomcat
4 332 (4.19%) Elasticsearch
5 281 (3.54%) Apache Spark
6 272 (3.43%) JBoss
7 266 (3.35%) nginx
8 194 (2.45%) IIS
9 181 (2.28%) OpenStack
10 180 (2.27%) WebLogic
11 171 (2.16%) WebSphere
12 130 (1.64%) MS Exchange
13 79 (1.00%) SharePoint
14 68 (0.86%) Oracle SOA Suite
15 67 (0.84%) Jetty
16 62 (0.78%) CMS
17 50 (0.63%) Apache Solr
18 46 (0.58%) WebSphere Application Server
18 46 (0.58%) WordPress
19 41 (0.52%) Oracle Service Bus
Applications
1 107 (1.35%) Microsoft Office
2 54 (0.68%) Microsoft Excel
3 33 (0.42%) MS Visio
4 23 (0.29%) Microsoft Project
5 20 (0.25%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 7 (0.088%) HipChat
6 7 (0.088%) Simulink
7 3 (0.038%) Adobe Creative Suite
7 3 (0.038%) Photoshop
7 3 (0.038%) Spreadsheet
8 2 (0.025%) CATIA
8 2 (0.025%) Chatbot
8 2 (0.025%) Stata
9 1 (0.013%) Adobe Illustrator
9 1 (0.013%) Autodesk Inventor
9 1 (0.013%) Avid Media Composer
9 1 (0.013%) GNU Octave
9 1 (0.013%) InVision
9 1 (0.013%) Maya
9 1 (0.013%) NUKE
Business Applications
1 42 (0.53%) ION MarketView
2 41 (0.52%) Remedy ITSM
3 33 (0.42%) Magento
4 17 (0.21%) Oracle Applications
5 15 (0.19%) Siebel CRM
6 14 (0.18%) Dynamics CRM
6 14 (0.18%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
7 12 (0.15%) Oracle EBS
7 12 (0.15%) Oracle Utilities
8 11 (0.14%) Salesforce.com CRM
9 10 (0.13%) Maximo
10 8 (0.10%) Payment Gateway
11 7 (0.088%) BusinessWorks
11 7 (0.088%) Oracle BPM
12 6 (0.076%) Remedy AR System
13 5 (0.063%) Oracle Cash Management
13 5 (0.063%) Oracle EBS R12
13 5 (0.063%) Oracle Retail
14 4 (0.050%) ENOVIA
14 4 (0.050%) SAP Hybris
Cloud Services
1 2,168 (27.33%) Amazon AWS
2 957 (12.07%) Microsoft Azure
3 381 (4.80%) GitHub
4 379 (4.78%) Amazon EC2
5 360 (4.54%) AWS CloudFormation
6 290 (3.66%) IaaS
7 280 (3.53%) PaaS
8 270 (3.40%) Google Cloud Platform
9 256 (3.23%) Amazon S3
10 216 (2.72%) Serverless
11 196 (2.47%) Virtual Private Cloud
12 184 (2.32%) OpenShift
13 179 (2.26%) AWS Lambda
14 159 (2.00%) Cloud Computing
15 146 (1.84%) Office 365
16 136 (1.71%) Amazon CloudWatch
17 127 (1.60%) SaaS
18 125 (1.58%) Route 53
19 117 (1.48%) Amazon ELB
20 67 (0.84%) Datadog
Communications & Networking
1 664 (8.37%) Firewall
2 540 (6.81%) DNS
3 531 (6.69%) TCP/IP
4 522 (6.58%) HTTP
5 337 (4.25%) SSL
6 241 (3.04%) SAN
7 197 (2.48%) VPN
8 195 (2.46%) DHCP
9 166 (2.09%) WAN
10 162 (2.04%) Internet
10 162 (2.04%) LAN
11 125 (1.58%) Network Security
12 119 (1.50%) FTP
13 108 (1.36%) Kerberos
14 96 (1.21%) NAS
15 85 (1.07%) SSH
15 85 (1.07%) Wireless
16 72 (0.91%) MPLS
17 69 (0.87%) IPsec
18 68 (0.86%) Wi-Fi
Database & Business Intelligence
1 788 (9.93%) MySQL
2 644 (8.12%) SQL Server
3 559 (7.05%) MongoDB
4 548 (6.91%) PostgreSQL
5 528 (6.66%) Relational Database
6 482 (6.08%) NoSQL
7 456 (5.75%) Hadoop
8 448 (5.65%) Big Data
9 268 (3.38%) Oracle Database
10 215 (2.71%) Apache Cassandra
11 201 (2.53%) Amazon RDS
12 148 (1.87%) Redis
13 146 (1.84%) RDBMS
14 131 (1.65%) HBase
15 125 (1.58%) Apache Hive
16 117 (1.48%) Oracle Database 11g
17 112 (1.41%) Data Warehouse
18 108 (1.36%) DB2
19 82 (1.03%) Oracle Database 12c
20 78 (0.98%) Amazon Redshift
Development Applications
1 1,946 (24.53%) Jenkins
2 1,819 (22.93%) Git (software)
3 723 (9.11%) JIRA
4 474 (5.98%) Maven
5 400 (5.04%) Subversion
6 371 (4.68%) Selenium
7 330 (4.16%) Cucumber
8 263 (3.32%) GitLab
9 253 (3.19%) JUnit
10 247 (3.11%) Sonatype Nexus
11 244 (3.08%) Artifactory
12 223 (2.81%) TeamCity
13 217 (2.74%) Atlassian Bamboo
14 198 (2.50%) Bitbucket
15 172 (2.17%) Vagrant
16 163 (2.05%) Gradle
17 134 (1.69%) Ant
18 133 (1.68%) Eclipse
19 122 (1.54%) Hudson
20 115 (1.45%) SonarQube
General
1 1,233 (15.54%) Finance
2 624 (7.87%) Banking
3 276 (3.48%) Front Office
4 196 (2.47%) Telecoms
5 181 (2.28%) Investment Banking
6 179 (2.26%) Retail
7 99 (1.25%) Marketing
8 89 (1.12%) Manufacturing
9 83 (1.05%) Financial Institution
10 72 (0.91%) Electronics
11 67 (0.84%) Publishing
12 65 (0.82%) Back Office
13 53 (0.67%) Games
14 52 (0.66%) Legal
15 51 (0.64%) Law
16 47 (0.59%) Advertising
17 44 (0.55%) Aerospace
18 28 (0.35%) Automotive
19 24 (0.30%) Military
20 17 (0.21%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 1,849 (23.31%) Developer
2 1,720 (21.68%) DevOps Engineer
3 599 (7.55%) Java Developer
4 576 (7.26%) Linux Engineer
5 562 (7.09%) AWS Engineer
6 503 (6.34%) Architect
7 483 (6.09%) AWS DevOps
8 433 (5.46%) AWS DevOps Engineer
9 430 (5.42%) Administrator
10 370 (4.66%) Analyst
10 370 (4.66%) Software Engineer
11 274 (3.45%) Infrastructure Engineer
12 268 (3.38%) Cloud Engineer
13 263 (3.32%) Systems Administrator
14 252 (3.18%) Consultant
15 250 (3.15%) Linux/Unix DevOps
16 231 (2.91%) Python Developer
17 206 (2.60%) Linux DevOps Engineer
18 196 (2.47%) Linux Administrator
19 189 (2.38%) Senior Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 761 (9.59%) Web Services
2 594 (7.49%) HTML
3 535 (6.74%) Spring
4 530 (6.68%) REST
5 511 (6.44%) CSS
6 473 (5.96%) Middleware
7 465 (5.86%) Node.js
8 409 (5.16%) Kafka
9 401 (5.06%) JSON
10 392 (4.94%) AngularJS
11 375 (4.73%) XML
12 332 (4.19%) RESTful
13 325 (4.10%) .NET
14 317 (4.00%) Elastic Stack
15 279 (3.52%) React
16 251 (3.16%) SOAP
17 246 (3.10%) Spring Boot
18 245 (3.09%) J2EE
19 241 (3.04%) HTML5
20 236 (2.98%) LAMP
Miscellaneous
1 443 (5.58%) Analytical Skills
2 389 (4.90%) Data Centre
3 301 (3.79%) Linux Command Line
4 295 (3.72%) Computer Science
5 223 (2.81%) Public Cloud
6 211 (2.66%) Greenfield Project
7 178 (2.24%) Clustering
8 155 (1.95%) Self-Motivation
9 146 (1.84%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
10 141 (1.78%) Algorithms
11 132 (1.66%) Fixed Income
12 124 (1.56%) Replication
13 117 (1.48%) Management Information System
14 112 (1.41%) Fintech
15 107 (1.35%) User Experience
16 98 (1.24%) Enterprise Software
16 98 (1.24%) PKI
17 90 (1.13%) Private Cloud
18 72 (0.91%) Data Structures
19 70 (0.88%) Cloud Native
Operating Systems
1 2,324 (29.30%) Windows
2 2,119 (26.71%) Unix
3 1,297 (16.35%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
4 661 (8.33%) Windows Server
5 656 (8.27%) CentOS
6 396 (4.99%) Ubuntu
7 345 (4.35%) Solaris
8 203 (2.56%) Windows Server 2012
9 193 (2.43%) AIX
10 155 (1.95%) Windows Server 2008
11 111 (1.40%) Android
12 98 (1.24%) Mac OS X
13 96 (1.21%) Windows 10
14 91 (1.15%) Debian
15 86 (1.08%) Windows 7
16 83 (1.05%) SUSE
17 75 (0.95%) Apple iOS
18 73 (0.92%) Windows Server 2003
19 71 (0.90%) Embedded Linux
20 57 (0.72%) CoreOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,720 (34.29%) DevOps
2 2,375 (29.94%) Agile Software Development
3 1,220 (15.38%) Continuous Integration
4 1,159 (14.61%) Configuration Management
5 838 (10.56%) Test Automation
6 761 (9.59%) Open Source
7 698 (8.80%) Software Engineering
8 697 (8.79%) TDD
9 685 (8.64%) Problem-Solving
10 669 (8.43%) Scrum
11 611 (7.70%) Microservices
12 496 (6.25%) Migration
13 483 (6.09%) ITIL
14 472 (5.95%) BDD
15 450 (5.67%) Continuous Delivery
16 389 (4.90%) Deployment Automation
17 365 (4.60%) Infrastructure Engineering
18 352 (4.44%) OO
19 327 (4.12%) Analytics
20 309 (3.90%) SDLC
Programming Languages
1 2,387 (30.09%) Python
2 2,175 (27.42%) Java
3 1,499 (18.90%) SQL
4 1,129 (14.23%) Bash Shell
5 1,055 (13.30%) JavaScript
6 809 (10.20%) Perl
7 717 (9.04%) Ruby
8 637 (8.03%) C++
9 598 (7.54%) Shell Script
10 515 (6.49%) PowerShell
11 394 (4.97%) C
12 392 (4.94%) C#
13 375 (4.73%) PHP
14 295 (3.72%) Scala
15 265 (3.34%) Go
16 239 (3.01%) Java 8
17 195 (2.46%) Groovy
18 163 (2.05%) PL/SQL
19 98 (1.24%) TypeScript
20 69 (0.87%) R
Qualifications
1 1,049 (13.22%) Security Cleared
2 832 (10.49%) SC Cleared
3 448 (5.65%) Degree
4 140 (1.77%) DV Cleared
5 113 (1.42%) Computer Science Degree
6 106 (1.34%) AWS Certification
7 97 (1.22%) Cisco Certification
8 89 (1.12%) BPSS Clearance
9 72 (0.91%) Microsoft Certification
10 62 (0.78%) CCNP
11 56 (0.71%) CCNA
11 56 (0.71%) RHCE
12 48 (0.61%) MCSE
13 44 (0.55%) CISSP
14 39 (0.49%) ISEB
14 39 (0.49%) ISTQB
15 36 (0.45%) Master's Degree
16 35 (0.44%) ITIL Certification
17 25 (0.32%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
18 23 (0.29%) MCSA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 222 (2.80%) QA
2 90 (1.13%) SLA
3 55 (0.69%) GDPR
4 50 (0.63%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 48 (0.61%) PCI DSS
6 45 (0.57%) Data Quality
7 24 (0.30%) MiFID
8 20 (0.25%) Sarbanes-Oxley
9 12 (0.15%) JSP 440
10 10 (0.13%) PMO
11 9 (0.11%) HIPAA
11 9 (0.11%) HMG Infosec
11 9 (0.11%) HMG Security Policy Framework
12 8 (0.10%) ISO 9001
13 7 (0.088%) COBIT
13 7 (0.088%) Cyber Essentials
13 7 (0.088%) FedRAMP
13 7 (0.088%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
14 6 (0.076%) Disclosure Scotland
14 6 (0.076%) MISRA
System Software
1 1,794 (22.62%) Docker
2 628 (7.92%) Active Directory
3 609 (7.68%) VMware Infrastructure
4 188 (2.37%) Virtual Machines
5 184 (2.32%) VMware ESXi
6 165 (2.08%) vSphere
7 154 (1.94%) Hyper-V
8 94 (1.19%) HDFS
9 89 (1.12%) NFS
10 84 (1.06%) Apache ZooKeeper
11 73 (0.92%) Oracle RAC
12 65 (0.82%) Virtual Servers
13 61 (0.77%) XenApp
14 56 (0.71%) KVM
14 56 (0.71%) VirtualBox
14 56 (0.71%) Xen
15 44 (0.55%) Firmware
15 44 (0.55%) Veritas Cluster Server
16 40 (0.50%) etcd
17 37 (0.47%) vCloud
Systems Management
1 1,852 (23.35%) Ansible
2 1,627 (20.51%) Puppet
3 1,204 (15.18%) Terraform
4 995 (12.54%) Opscode Chef
5 973 (12.27%) Kubernetes
6 253 (3.19%) Nagios
7 212 (2.67%) Grafana
8 193 (2.43%) Packer
9 190 (2.40%) Kibana
10 163 (2.05%) Salt
11 140 (1.77%) SCCM
12 138 (1.74%) Prometheus
13 121 (1.53%) logstash
14 107 (1.35%) Docker Swarm
15 100 (1.26%) ZABBIX
16 93 (1.17%) SCOM
17 82 (1.03%) Rancher
18 81 (1.02%) HAProxy
19 79 (1.00%) Consul
19 79 (1.00%) Hadoop YARN
Vendors
1 1,180 (14.88%) Red Hat
2 1,108 (13.97%) Oracle
3 1,019 (12.85%) VMware
4 793 (10.00%) Microsoft
5 453 (5.71%) Google
6 386 (4.87%) Cisco
7 379 (4.78%) Splunk
8 318 (4.01%) IBM
9 231 (2.91%) HP
10 195 (2.46%) Citrix
11 171 (2.16%) Atlassian
12 168 (2.12%) NetApp
13 125 (1.58%) Sybase
14 121 (1.53%) SAP
15 113 (1.42%) F5
16 104 (1.31%) EMC
17 92 (1.16%) SaltStack
18 90 (1.13%) New Relic
19 83 (1.05%) Remedy
20 81 (1.02%) AppDynamics