Period
to 24 October 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Linux skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Linux over the 6 months to 24 October 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Linux
UK > England
6 months to
24 Oct 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 20 19 15
Rank change year-on-year -1 -4 -3
Contract jobs citing Linux 2,093 5,630 7,986
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 7.66% 7.31% 8.44%
As % of the Operating Systems category 41.30% 35.76% 40.16%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,437 3,616 5,288
Median daily rate £500 £500 £500
10th Percentile £313 £325 £325
90th Percentile £650 £671 £650
UK median daily rate £500 £500 £500
Number of hourly rates quoted 70 156 185
Median hourly rate £35.50 £45.00 £42.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -21.11% +5.88% +3.66%
10th Percentile £26.13 £19.63 £17.50
90th Percentile £59.23 £54.38 £53.45
UK median hourly rate £35.00 £44.50 £42.50
% change year-on-year -21.35% +4.71% +6.25%

Linux is in the Operating Systems category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for operating system skills.

All Operating Systems
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills 5,068 15,742 19,885
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 18.54% 20.43% 21.02%
Number of daily rates quoted 3,055 9,928 12,397
Median daily rate £440 £425 £435
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +3.53% -2.30% +2.35%
10th Percentile £175 £150 £168
90th Percentile £622 £625 £613
UK median daily rate £432 £425 £425
% change year-on-year +1.65% - -
Number of hourly rates quoted 305 1,045 1,393
Median hourly rate £20.00 £17.50 £17.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +14.29% - -
10th Percentile £12.00 £11.24 £11.17
90th Percentile £52.50 £51.05 £47.50
Median hourly rate £20.00 £17.50 £17.42
% change year-on-year +14.29% +0.46% -0.46%

Linux
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Linux as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Linux in England

Linux
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Linux in England.

Daily rate trend for Linux in England

Linux
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Linux in England over the 6 months to 24 October 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Linux in England

Linux
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Linux in England.

Hourly rate trend for Linux in England

Linux
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Linux in England over the 6 months to 24 October 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for Linux in England

Linux
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Linux within the England region over the 6 months to 24 October 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +6 1,173 £523 -2.79% 437
South East +10 287 £475 - 202
North of England -5 230 £475 +4.63% 209
South West -19 124 £450 -5.26% 140
North West +3 116 £485 +7.06% 124
Midlands +4 115 £428 -4.89% 108
East of England -2 107 £390 -8.24% 126
Yorkshire -3 87 £475 +1.60% 69
West Midlands +5 84 £432 -2.92% 69
East Midlands -8 30 £405 -9.85% 39
North East -9 27 £475 +5.56% 16
Linux
UK

For the 6 months to 24 October 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Linux also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Linux.

1 670 (32.01%) Python
2 657 (31.39%) Windows
3 591 (28.24%) Java
4 589 (28.14%) DevOps
5 585 (27.95%) Agile Software Development
6 539 (25.75%) Unix
7 488 (23.32%) Security Cleared
8 479 (22.89%) AWS
9 455 (21.74%) Docker
10 452 (21.60%) Kubernetes
11 398 (19.02%) Azure
12 389 (18.59%) Git (software)
13 383 (18.30%) SC Cleared
14 381 (18.20%) SQL
14 381 (18.20%) Ansible
15 375 (17.92%) Oracle
16 347 (16.58%) Terraform
17 332 (15.86%) Finance
18 319 (15.24%) Jenkins
19 301 (14.38%) Bash Shell
20 290 (13.86%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
21 270 (12.90%) Test Automation
22 268 (12.80%) Puppet
23 253 (12.09%) Red Hat
24 248 (11.85%) VMware
25 243 (11.61%) JavaScript
26 238 (11.37%) Microservices
27 231 (11.04%) JIRA
28 224 (10.70%) Continuous Integration
29 222 (10.61%) C++

Linux
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 150 (7.17%) Confluence
2 109 (5.21%) Apache
3 82 (3.92%) Tomcat
4 76 (3.63%) JBoss
5 74 (3.54%) WebLogic
6 54 (2.58%) Elasticsearch
7 49 (2.34%) WebSphere
8 44 (2.10%) Oracle SOA Suite
8 44 (2.10%) SharePoint
9 43 (2.05%) nginx
10 42 (2.01%) Red Hat Fuse
11 39 (1.86%) Mule
12 30 (1.43%) Apache Spark
13 27 (1.29%) OpenStack
14 24 (1.15%) WebSphere Application Server
15 19 (0.91%) IIS
16 16 (0.76%) Jupyter
17 12 (0.57%) Apache Geronimo
17 12 (0.57%) Apache TomEE
18 10 (0.48%) MS Exchange
Applications
1 38 (1.82%) Microsoft Office
2 32 (1.53%) Microsoft Excel
3 14 (0.67%) MS Visio
4 7 (0.33%) SOLIDWORKS
5 3 (0.14%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 3 (0.14%) Simulink
6 2 (0.096%) Doxygen
7 1 (0.048%) Adobe Illustrator
7 1 (0.048%) EngageOne
7 1 (0.048%) InVision
7 1 (0.048%) Microsoft Project
7 1 (0.048%) Notepad++
7 1 (0.048%) Photoshop
7 1 (0.048%) Sketch
7 1 (0.048%) Spreadsheet
7 1 (0.048%) SPSS
7 1 (0.048%) Windchill
7 1 (0.048%) Zeplin
Business Applications
1 27 (1.29%) Oracle Applications
2 14 (0.67%) Oracle EBS
3 12 (0.57%) Oracle EBS R12
3 12 (0.57%) SAP FI-CA
4 10 (0.48%) ION MarketView
5 9 (0.43%) Magento
6 6 (0.29%) SAP Oil and Gas
6 6 (0.29%) Sentinel
7 5 (0.24%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
8 4 (0.19%) Payment Gateway
9 3 (0.14%) assyst
9 3 (0.14%) Oracle ERP
9 3 (0.14%) SunGard Martini
10 2 (0.096%) Infor M3
10 2 (0.096%) Oracle BPM
11 1 (0.048%) Cognos Planning
11 1 (0.048%) Dynamics CRM
11 1 (0.048%) Markit EDM
11 1 (0.048%) Remedy ITSM
11 1 (0.048%) SAP S/4HANA
Cloud Services
1 479 (22.89%) AWS
2 398 (19.02%) Azure
3 118 (5.64%) GitHub
4 93 (4.44%) PaaS
5 91 (4.35%) GCP
6 88 (4.20%) Amazon EC2
7 81 (3.87%) Amazon S3
8 80 (3.82%) Serverless
9 72 (3.44%) OpenShift
10 66 (3.15%) IaaS
11 63 (3.01%) AWS CloudFormation
12 62 (2.96%) AWS Lambda
13 57 (2.72%) SaaS
14 55 (2.63%) Amazon CloudWatch
15 50 (2.39%) Virtual Private Cloud
16 46 (2.20%) Amazon ECS
17 37 (1.77%) Office 365
18 35 (1.67%) Cloud Computing
19 32 (1.53%) Route 53
20 27 (1.29%) AWS CloudTrail
Communications & Networking
1 216 (10.32%) Firewall
2 185 (8.84%) DNS
3 134 (6.40%) TCP/IP
4 102 (4.87%) DHCP
4 102 (4.87%) HTTP
5 85 (4.06%) VPN
6 71 (3.39%) WAN
7 62 (2.96%) LAN
8 48 (2.29%) VLAN
9 46 (2.20%) SNMP
10 44 (2.10%) Internet
11 42 (2.01%) Network Security
12 41 (1.96%) SSL
13 34 (1.62%) SSH
13 34 (1.62%) Wi-Fi
14 33 (1.58%) SAN
15 31 (1.48%) OSPF
15 31 (1.48%) Reverse Proxy
16 29 (1.39%) SMTP
17 26 (1.24%) DMZ
Database & Business Intelligence
1 207 (9.89%) MySQL
2 161 (7.69%) SQL Server
3 157 (7.50%) MongoDB
4 133 (6.35%) Relational Database
5 114 (5.45%) PostgreSQL
6 107 (5.11%) Oracle Database
7 88 (4.20%) NoSQL
8 72 (3.44%) Big Data
9 65 (3.11%) Amazon RDS
10 59 (2.82%) Hadoop
11 35 (1.67%) Data Warehouse
12 34 (1.62%) RDBMS
13 33 (1.58%) Oracle Database 12c
14 26 (1.24%) Oracle Database 11g
14 26 (1.24%) Oracle ODI
14 26 (1.24%) Redis
15 23 (1.10%) Apache Cassandra
15 23 (1.10%) MariaDB
16 22 (1.05%) Amazon DynamoDB
17 20 (0.96%) Apache Hive
Development Applications
1 389 (18.59%) Git (software)
2 319 (15.24%) Jenkins
3 231 (11.04%) JIRA
4 104 (4.97%) Maven
5 93 (4.44%) GitLab
6 92 (4.40%) Subversion
7 86 (4.11%) Atlassian Bamboo
8 82 (3.92%) Bitbucket
9 65 (3.11%) Mockito
10 61 (2.91%) Cucumber
11 54 (2.58%) JUnit
12 51 (2.44%) Selenium
13 46 (2.20%) Sonatype Nexus
14 44 (2.10%) SonarQube
15 43 (2.05%) TeamCity
16 42 (2.01%) JMeter
17 39 (1.86%) Gradle
18 38 (1.82%) Artifactory
19 37 (1.77%) GDB
20 32 (1.53%) Jasmine
General
1 332 (15.86%) Finance
2 194 (9.27%) Banking
3 161 (7.69%) Public Sector
4 102 (4.87%) Front Office
5 97 (4.63%) Investment Banking
6 59 (2.82%) Telecoms
7 35 (1.67%) Electronics
7 35 (1.67%) Marketing
8 34 (1.62%) Manufacturing
9 26 (1.24%) Law
10 21 (1.00%) Retail
11 20 (0.96%) Aerospace
12 17 (0.81%) French Language
13 16 (0.76%) Financial Institution
14 13 (0.62%) Back Office
15 12 (0.57%) Military
16 9 (0.43%) Advertising
17 8 (0.38%) Legal
18 6 (0.29%) Pharmaceutical
19 4 (0.19%) Games
Job Titles
1 605 (28.91%) Developer
2 271 (12.95%) DevOps Engineer
3 199 (9.51%) Java Developer
4 136 (6.50%) Linux Engineer
5 128 (6.12%) Architect
6 126 (6.02%) Administrator
7 106 (5.06%) Analyst
7 106 (5.06%) AWS Engineer
8 96 (4.59%) Senior Developer
9 84 (4.01%) C++ Developer
10 74 (3.54%) AWS DevOps
10 74 (3.54%) Cloud Engineer
11 70 (3.34%) AWS DevOps Engineer
11 70 (3.34%) Systems Administrator
12 69 (3.30%) DBA
13 68 (3.25%) Python Developer
14 65 (3.11%) Consultant
15 60 (2.87%) Infrastructure Engineer
16 58 (2.77%) Software Engineer
17 55 (2.63%) Oracle DBA
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 156 (7.45%) REST
2 143 (6.83%) HTML
3 135 (6.45%) Web Services
4 129 (6.16%) Spring
5 119 (5.69%) Middleware
6 103 (4.92%) Node.js
7 97 (4.63%) CSS
8 95 (4.54%) .NET
9 90 (4.30%) Kafka
10 89 (4.25%) XML
11 77 (3.68%) JSON
12 69 (3.30%) RESTful
13 68 (3.25%) RabbitMQ
14 64 (3.06%) JAX-RS
15 61 (2.91%) Spring Boot
16 58 (2.77%) ActiveMQ
16 58 (2.77%) Elastic Stack
16 58 (2.77%) jQuery
17 56 (2.68%) HTML5
18 54 (2.58%) LDAP
Miscellaneous
1 158 (7.55%) Analytical Skills
2 96 (4.59%) Linux Command Line
3 71 (3.39%) Data Centre
4 62 (2.96%) Public Cloud
5 58 (2.77%) User Experience
6 54 (2.58%) Fixed Income
7 53 (2.53%) Management Information System
8 50 (2.39%) Clustering
8 50 (2.39%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
9 35 (1.67%) Algorithms
9 35 (1.67%) Private Cloud
10 34 (1.62%) Self-Motivation
11 33 (1.58%) PKI
12 31 (1.48%) Device Driver
12 31 (1.48%) Enterprise Software
13 29 (1.39%) Data Structures
13 29 (1.39%) Derivative
14 26 (1.24%) Equities
14 26 (1.24%) Virtual Team
15 24 (1.15%) Replication
Operating Systems
1 657 (31.39%) Windows
2 539 (25.75%) Unix
3 290 (13.86%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
4 145 (6.93%) Windows Server
5 129 (6.16%) CentOS
6 109 (5.21%) Mac OS X
7 77 (3.68%) Solaris
8 75 (3.58%) Ubuntu
9 47 (2.25%) AIX
10 45 (2.15%) Windows 10
11 41 (1.96%) Debian
12 39 (1.86%) Windows Server 2016
13 30 (1.43%) Android
14 26 (1.24%) Oracle Linux
15 24 (1.15%) Windows Server 2012
16 23 (1.10%) Apple iOS
16 23 (1.10%) Windows Server 2019
17 22 (1.05%) Embedded Linux
18 19 (0.91%) SUSE
19 17 (0.81%) Mac OS
Processes & Methodologies
1 589 (28.14%) DevOps
2 585 (27.95%) Agile Software Development
3 270 (12.90%) Test Automation
4 238 (11.37%) Microservices
5 224 (10.70%) Continuous Integration
6 222 (10.61%) Problem-Solving
7 221 (10.56%) TDD
8 218 (10.42%) Configuration Management
9 182 (8.70%) Scrum
10 156 (7.45%) Infrastructure as Code
11 148 (7.07%) Migration
12 139 (6.64%) Open Source
13 138 (6.59%) Continuous Deployment
14 132 (6.31%) Software Engineering
15 114 (5.45%) BDD
16 113 (5.40%) Continuous Delivery
17 101 (4.83%) Performance Tuning
18 92 (4.40%) Computer Science
18 92 (4.40%) Web Design
19 91 (4.35%) Web Development
Programming Languages
1 670 (32.01%) Python
2 591 (28.24%) Java
3 381 (18.20%) SQL
4 301 (14.38%) Bash Shell
5 243 (11.61%) JavaScript
6 222 (10.61%) C++
7 193 (9.22%) Shell Script
8 174 (8.31%) PowerShell
9 160 (7.64%) C
10 157 (7.50%) Perl
11 115 (5.49%) Java 8
12 102 (4.87%) C#
13 97 (4.63%) Ruby
14 74 (3.54%) PL/SQL
15 70 (3.34%) PHP
16 51 (2.44%) Go
17 49 (2.34%) Scala
18 27 (1.29%) T-SQL
19 24 (1.15%) Groovy
20 16 (0.76%) TypeScript
Qualifications
1 488 (23.32%) Security Cleared
2 383 (18.30%) SC Cleared
3 111 (5.30%) DV Cleared
4 102 (4.87%) Degree
5 45 (2.15%) Computer Science Degree
6 40 (1.91%) Cisco Certification
7 32 (1.53%) BPSS Clearance
8 31 (1.48%) AWS Certification
8 31 (1.48%) CCNA
9 26 (1.24%) CCNP
10 24 (1.15%) DBS Check
10 24 (1.15%) Microsoft Certification
11 23 (1.10%) CISSP
12 20 (0.96%) ISEB
12 20 (0.96%) ISTQB
13 15 (0.72%) Master's Degree
14 13 (0.62%) CCIE
14 13 (0.62%) GIAC
14 13 (0.62%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
15 11 (0.53%) CCDA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 91 (4.35%) QA
2 39 (1.86%) SLA
3 29 (1.39%) NIST
3 29 (1.39%) WCAG
4 26 (1.24%) GDPR
5 21 (1.00%) PCI DSS
6 11 (0.53%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 7 (0.33%) COBIT
7 7 (0.33%) NCSC
8 6 (0.29%) Data Quality
9 5 (0.24%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
9 5 (0.24%) JSP 440
9 5 (0.24%) Sarbanes-Oxley
10 4 (0.19%) Disclosure Scotland
10 4 (0.19%) PMO
10 4 (0.19%) RMADS
11 3 (0.14%) Government Security Classifications
11 3 (0.14%) ISO 9001
11 3 (0.14%) ISO/IEC 20000
11 3 (0.14%) JTAG
System Software
1 455 (21.74%) Docker
2 181 (8.65%) Active Directory
3 176 (8.41%) VMware Infrastructure
4 59 (2.82%) VMware ESXi
5 55 (2.63%) Virtual Machines
6 53 (2.53%) vSphere
7 30 (1.43%) Oracle RAC
8 29 (1.39%) Hyper-V
9 22 (1.05%) NFS
10 20 (0.96%) VMware NSX
11 19 (0.91%) HDFS
12 15 (0.72%) Apache ZooKeeper
13 11 (0.53%) GlusterFS
13 11 (0.53%) Virtual Servers
14 10 (0.48%) KVM
14 10 (0.48%) Xen
15 9 (0.43%) Firmware
16 8 (0.38%) LXC
17 7 (0.33%) XenApp
18 6 (0.29%) VirtualBox
Systems Management
1 452 (21.60%) Kubernetes
2 381 (18.20%) Ansible
3 347 (16.58%) Terraform
4 268 (12.80%) Puppet
5 148 (7.07%) Opscode Chef
6 64 (3.06%) Packer
6 64 (3.06%) Prometheus
7 57 (2.72%) Grafana
8 50 (2.39%) Nagios
9 37 (1.77%) ZABBIX
10 36 (1.72%) Single Sign-On
11 34 (1.62%) Data Guard
12 31 (1.48%) Kibana
13 28 (1.34%) Consul
13 28 (1.34%) SCOM
14 27 (1.29%) Oracle RMAN
15 24 (1.15%) vCenter Server
16 21 (1.00%) Salt
17 19 (0.91%) Red Hat Satellite
18 18 (0.86%) Rancher
Vendors
1 375 (17.92%) Oracle
2 253 (12.09%) Red Hat
3 248 (11.85%) VMware
4 198 (9.46%) Microsoft
5 142 (6.78%) Splunk
6 92 (4.40%) Cisco
7 90 (4.30%) Atlassian
7 90 (4.30%) IBM
8 74 (3.54%) SAP
9 59 (2.82%) Dell
10 55 (2.63%) Google
10 55 (2.63%) Sybase
11 47 (2.25%) HP
12 45 (2.15%) Juniper
13 36 (1.72%) NetApp
14 30 (1.43%) SolarWinds
15 28 (1.34%) AppDynamics
15 28 (1.34%) Dynatrace
15 28 (1.34%) EMC
16 26 (1.24%) Cloudera