Period
to 4 August 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Linux skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Linux over the 6 months to 4 August 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Linux
UK > England
6 months to
4 Aug 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 19 16 13
Rank change year-on-year -3 -3 -1
Contract jobs citing Linux 2,350 6,574 8,142
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 7.39% 7.91% 8.61%
As % of the Operating Systems category 38.28% 39.46% 41.33%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,643 4,239 5,438
Median daily rate £500 £500 £500
10th Percentile £313 £331 £325
90th Percentile £654 £658 £650
UK median daily rate £500 £500 £488
% change year-on-year - +2.56% +5.75%
Number of hourly rates quoted 60 185 201
Median hourly rate £42.75 £45.00 £41.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -5.00% +8.43% +3.75%
10th Percentile £22.80 £20.80 £15.75
90th Percentile £55.00 £53.75 £54.63
UK median hourly rate £42.50 £45.00 £40.00
% change year-on-year -5.56% +12.50% -

Linux is in the Operating Systems category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for operating system skills.

All Operating Systems
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills 6,139 16,658 19,702
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 19.31% 20.05% 20.84%
Number of daily rates quoted 3,820 10,602 12,366
Median daily rate £450 £438 £438
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.86% - +2.94%
10th Percentile £163 £156 £185
90th Percentile £638 £625 £619
UK median daily rate £431 £425 £425
% change year-on-year +1.47% - -
Number of hourly rates quoted 393 1,000 1,355
Median hourly rate £19.50 £17.50 £17.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +11.43% - +3.46%
10th Percentile £12.37 £11.25 £11.17
90th Percentile £47.83 £50.00 £47.50
Median hourly rate £19.50 £17.50 £17.50
% change year-on-year +11.43% - +6.06%

Linux
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Linux as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Linux in England

Linux
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Linux in England.

Daily rate trend for Linux in England

Linux
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Linux in England over the 6 months to 4 August 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Linux in England

Linux
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Linux in England.

Hourly rate trend for Linux in England

Linux
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Linux in England over the 6 months to 4 August 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for Linux in England

Linux
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Linux within the England region over the 6 months to 4 August 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -2 1,213 £500 -9.09% 341
South East +2 344 £475 +0.53% 130
North of England -5 277 £495 +4.21% 160
South West -6 232 £475 -5.00% 117
North West -3 139 £488 +4.84% 101
East of England -6 138 £475 +13.50% 114
Midlands -16 109 £438 -2.78% 69
Yorkshire -11 104 £525 +10.53% 50
West Midlands -3 89 £453 +0.56% 48
North East -3 33 £490 +5.38% 9
East Midlands -28 18 £380 -15.56% 19
Linux
UK

For the 6 months to 4 August 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Linux also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Linux.

1 795 (33.83%) Windows
2 719 (30.60%) DevOps
3 689 (29.32%) Python
4 663 (28.21%) Java
5 657 (27.96%) Agile Software Development
6 614 (26.13%) Unix
7 603 (25.66%) AWS
8 539 (22.94%) Docker
9 519 (22.09%) Security Cleared
10 514 (21.87%) Azure
11 486 (20.68%) Kubernetes
12 452 (19.23%) SQL
13 444 (18.89%) Ansible
14 436 (18.55%) Oracle
15 435 (18.51%) Git (software)
16 415 (17.66%) Terraform
17 393 (16.72%) Jenkins
18 386 (16.43%) SC Cleared
19 341 (14.51%) Bash Shell
19 341 (14.51%) Finance
20 324 (13.79%) Microsoft
21 317 (13.49%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
22 316 (13.45%) Test Automation
23 296 (12.60%) JavaScript
24 289 (12.30%) VMware
25 287 (12.21%) JIRA
26 277 (11.79%) Puppet
27 276 (11.74%) Red Hat
28 271 (11.53%) Microservices
29 257 (10.94%) Active Directory

Linux
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 196 (8.34%) Confluence
2 100 (4.26%) Tomcat
3 94 (4.00%) Apache
4 77 (3.28%) WebLogic
5 70 (2.98%) Oracle SOA Suite
6 54 (2.30%) Elasticsearch
7 48 (2.04%) nginx
8 47 (2.00%) JBoss
9 45 (1.91%) Apache Spark
10 40 (1.70%) SharePoint
11 39 (1.66%) WebSphere
12 33 (1.40%) Mule
13 32 (1.36%) Red Hat Fuse
14 28 (1.19%) OpenStack
15 19 (0.81%) IIS
15 19 (0.81%) SAS
16 17 (0.72%) MS Exchange
16 17 (0.72%) WebSphere Application Server
17 10 (0.43%) Jupyter
17 10 (0.43%) Oracle Workflow
Applications
1 49 (2.09%) Microsoft Office
2 27 (1.15%) Microsoft Excel
3 14 (0.60%) SPSS
4 6 (0.26%) MS Visio
5 5 (0.21%) Microsoft Project
6 3 (0.13%) Spreadsheet
7 2 (0.085%) Doxygen
8 1 (0.043%) EngageOne
8 1 (0.043%) Microsoft PowerPoint
8 1 (0.043%) Windchill
8 1 (0.043%) Zeplin
Business Applications
1 28 (1.19%) Oracle Applications
2 12 (0.51%) Oracle ERP
2 12 (0.51%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
3 9 (0.38%) Magento
3 9 (0.38%) Sentinel
4 8 (0.34%) SAP FI-CA
5 7 (0.30%) Documaker
5 7 (0.30%) Oracle EBS
6 5 (0.21%) SAP Oil and Gas
7 3 (0.13%) Oracle BPM
7 3 (0.13%) Oracle EBS R12
8 2 (0.085%) Refinitiv Enterprise Platform
8 2 (0.085%) Remedy ITSM
8 2 (0.085%) ResourceLink
8 2 (0.085%) Siebel CRM
8 2 (0.085%) SunGard Martini
9 1 (0.043%) Actimize
9 1 (0.043%) Cognos Planning
9 1 (0.043%) Dynamics CRM
9 1 (0.043%) Q-Pulse
Cloud Services
1 603 (25.66%) AWS
2 514 (21.87%) Azure
3 121 (5.15%) GCP
4 110 (4.68%) Amazon EC2
5 106 (4.51%) PaaS
6 100 (4.26%) Amazon S3
6 100 (4.26%) GitHub
7 84 (3.57%) OpenShift
8 83 (3.53%) Serverless
9 80 (3.40%) IaaS
10 77 (3.28%) AWS CloudFormation
11 65 (2.77%) SaaS
12 60 (2.55%) AWS Lambda
13 57 (2.43%) Office 365
14 56 (2.38%) Amazon CloudWatch
15 53 (2.26%) Virtual Private Cloud
16 47 (2.00%) Amazon ECS
17 33 (1.40%) Power Platform
18 32 (1.36%) Route 53
19 28 (1.19%) Cloud Computing
Communications & Networking
1 207 (8.81%) Firewall
2 188 (8.00%) DNS
3 146 (6.21%) TCP/IP
4 126 (5.36%) HTTP
5 85 (3.62%) VPN
6 82 (3.49%) WAN
7 81 (3.45%) LAN
8 79 (3.36%) DHCP
9 69 (2.94%) Internet
10 53 (2.26%) Network Security
10 53 (2.26%) SAN
11 47 (2.00%) SSL
12 45 (1.91%) OSPF
13 44 (1.87%) SNMP
14 39 (1.66%) BGP
15 33 (1.40%) Wi-Fi
16 28 (1.19%) Ethernet
16 28 (1.19%) VLAN
16 28 (1.19%) Wireshark
17 27 (1.15%) HTTPS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 219 (9.32%) MySQL
2 186 (7.91%) SQL Server
3 175 (7.45%) MongoDB
4 147 (6.26%) Oracle Database
5 122 (5.19%) Relational Database
6 110 (4.68%) PostgreSQL
7 98 (4.17%) NoSQL
8 77 (3.28%) Hadoop
9 76 (3.23%) Big Data
10 69 (2.94%) Amazon RDS
11 61 (2.60%) Oracle Database 12c
12 39 (1.66%) RDBMS
13 34 (1.45%) Oracle Database 11g
14 33 (1.40%) Oracle ODI
15 32 (1.36%) Data Warehouse
15 32 (1.36%) Power BI
16 30 (1.28%) Redis
17 29 (1.23%) Data Lake
18 26 (1.11%) SQL Server Integration Services
19 22 (0.94%) Apache Cassandra
Development Applications
1 435 (18.51%) Git (software)
2 393 (16.72%) Jenkins
3 287 (12.21%) JIRA
4 104 (4.43%) Maven
5 102 (4.34%) Subversion
6 97 (4.13%) GitLab
7 91 (3.87%) Bitbucket
8 78 (3.32%) Atlassian Bamboo
9 76 (3.23%) Mockito
10 71 (3.02%) JUnit
11 69 (2.94%) Selenium
12 62 (2.64%) Cucumber
13 61 (2.60%) SonarQube
14 59 (2.51%) Gradle
15 53 (2.26%) Sonatype Nexus
16 51 (2.17%) Visual Studio
17 48 (2.04%) Eclipse
18 46 (1.96%) TeamCity
19 38 (1.62%) Artifactory
19 38 (1.62%) JMeter
General
1 341 (14.51%) Finance
2 178 (7.57%) Banking
3 175 (7.45%) Public Sector
4 96 (4.09%) Front Office
5 76 (3.23%) Investment Banking
6 73 (3.11%) Telecoms
7 34 (1.45%) Electronics
8 31 (1.32%) Aerospace
9 29 (1.23%) Manufacturing
10 26 (1.11%) Law
10 26 (1.11%) Marketing
11 22 (0.94%) Military
12 21 (0.89%) Retail
13 16 (0.68%) Back Office
14 14 (0.60%) Financial Institution
14 14 (0.60%) Games
15 12 (0.51%) Legal
16 8 (0.34%) French Language
17 7 (0.30%) Police
18 4 (0.17%) Automotive
Job Titles
1 563 (23.96%) Developer
2 368 (15.66%) DevOps Engineer
3 219 (9.32%) Java Developer
4 149 (6.34%) Architect
5 139 (5.91%) AWS Engineer
6 133 (5.66%) Linux Engineer
7 130 (5.53%) Administrator
8 126 (5.36%) Analyst
9 94 (4.00%) AWS DevOps
10 87 (3.70%) AWS DevOps Engineer
11 81 (3.45%) Infrastructure Engineer
11 81 (3.45%) Software Engineer
12 79 (3.36%) Cloud Engineer
13 77 (3.28%) DBA
14 74 (3.15%) Consultant
15 72 (3.06%) Senior Developer
16 71 (3.02%) Systems Administrator
17 59 (2.51%) Senior DevOps
18 58 (2.47%) Oracle DBA
18 58 (2.47%) Python Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 163 (6.94%) Web Services
2 151 (6.43%) HTML
3 134 (5.70%) Node.js
4 128 (5.45%) .NET
5 126 (5.36%) REST
6 124 (5.28%) Spring
7 122 (5.19%) Middleware
8 105 (4.47%) XML
9 101 (4.30%) Kafka
10 88 (3.74%) SOAP
11 86 (3.66%) CSS
11 86 (3.66%) JSON
12 76 (3.23%) AngularJS
13 74 (3.15%) ActiveMQ
13 74 (3.15%) RESTful
13 74 (3.15%) Spring Boot
14 73 (3.11%) JAX-RS
15 71 (3.02%) RabbitMQ
16 68 (2.89%) LDAP
17 63 (2.68%) LAMP
Miscellaneous
1 199 (8.47%) Analytical Skills
2 111 (4.72%) Linux Command Line
3 104 (4.43%) Data Centre
4 67 (2.85%) Clustering
5 64 (2.72%) Management Information System
6 63 (2.68%) Public Cloud
7 57 (2.43%) User Experience
8 53 (2.26%) Self-Motivation
9 42 (1.79%) Algorithms
9 42 (1.79%) PKI
10 41 (1.74%) Cloud Native
10 41 (1.74%) Fixed Income
11 32 (1.36%) Data Structures
12 31 (1.32%) Hybrid Cloud
13 30 (1.28%) Derivative
13 30 (1.28%) Replication
14 25 (1.06%) Device Driver
14 25 (1.06%) Private Cloud
15 23 (0.98%) Greenfield Project
16 22 (0.94%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
Operating Systems
1 795 (33.83%) Windows
2 614 (26.13%) Unix
3 317 (13.49%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
4 209 (8.89%) Windows Server
5 133 (5.66%) Mac OS X
6 127 (5.40%) CentOS
7 69 (2.94%) Ubuntu
8 64 (2.72%) Solaris
9 58 (2.47%) Windows Server 2012
10 57 (2.43%) Windows Server 2016
11 55 (2.34%) Windows 10
12 42 (1.79%) AIX
13 32 (1.36%) Windows Server 2008
14 31 (1.32%) Oracle Linux
15 30 (1.28%) Android
16 27 (1.15%) Debian
17 25 (1.06%) Embedded Linux
18 23 (0.98%) SUSE
18 23 (0.98%) Windows Server 2019
19 22 (0.94%) Windows 7
Processes & Methodologies
1 719 (30.60%) DevOps
2 657 (27.96%) Agile Software Development
3 316 (13.45%) Test Automation
4 271 (11.53%) Microservices
5 255 (10.85%) Continuous Integration
6 248 (10.55%) Configuration Management
7 231 (9.83%) TDD
8 223 (9.49%) Problem-Solving
9 205 (8.72%) Scrum
10 194 (8.26%) Migration
11 169 (7.19%) Software Engineering
12 163 (6.94%) Infrastructure as Code
13 151 (6.43%) ITIL
14 143 (6.09%) Open Source
15 140 (5.96%) Continuous Delivery
16 138 (5.87%) Continuous Deployment
17 121 (5.15%) BDD
18 106 (4.51%) Infrastructure Engineering
18 106 (4.51%) SOA
19 103 (4.38%) Pair Programming
Programming Languages
1 689 (29.32%) Python
2 663 (28.21%) Java
3 452 (19.23%) SQL
4 341 (14.51%) Bash Shell
5 296 (12.60%) JavaScript
6 248 (10.55%) PowerShell
7 216 (9.19%) Shell Script
8 191 (8.13%) C++
9 164 (6.98%) C
10 146 (6.21%) Perl
11 132 (5.62%) Java 8
12 125 (5.32%) C#
13 100 (4.26%) PHP
14 89 (3.79%) Ruby
15 74 (3.15%) PL/SQL
16 48 (2.04%) Go
16 48 (2.04%) Groovy
17 43 (1.83%) Scala
18 29 (1.23%) T-SQL
19 23 (0.98%) TypeScript
Qualifications
1 519 (22.09%) Security Cleared
2 386 (16.43%) SC Cleared
3 117 (4.98%) DV Cleared
4 116 (4.94%) Degree
5 58 (2.47%) Cisco Certification
6 46 (1.96%) BPSS Clearance
7 42 (1.79%) CCNA
8 40 (1.70%) AWS Certification
9 33 (1.40%) CCNP
9 33 (1.40%) Computer Science Degree
10 32 (1.36%) CISSP
11 28 (1.19%) DBS Check
11 28 (1.19%) Microsoft Certification
12 26 (1.11%) ISTQB
13 24 (1.02%) ISEB
14 23 (0.98%) GIAC
15 19 (0.81%) CCIE
16 18 (0.77%) CCDP
17 15 (0.64%) CCIE Routing and Switching
18 14 (0.60%) MCSE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 94 (4.00%) QA
2 42 (1.79%) SLA
3 28 (1.19%) WCAG
4 12 (0.51%) NIST
4 12 (0.51%) PCI DSS
5 10 (0.43%) GDPR
6 8 (0.34%) Disclosure Scotland
6 8 (0.34%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 7 (0.30%) PMO
8 5 (0.21%) Data Quality
8 5 (0.21%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
8 5 (0.21%) JSP 440
9 4 (0.17%) ISO/IEC 20000
9 4 (0.17%) NCSC
10 3 (0.13%) AICPA
10 3 (0.13%) COBIT
10 3 (0.13%) Government Security Classifications
11 2 (0.085%) ISO 20022
11 2 (0.085%) JTAG
11 2 (0.085%) MiFID
System Software
1 539 (22.94%) Docker
2 257 (10.94%) Active Directory
3 182 (7.74%) VMware Infrastructure
4 74 (3.15%) Virtual Machines
5 52 (2.21%) VMware ESXi
6 51 (2.17%) vSphere
7 45 (1.91%) Hyper-V
8 32 (1.36%) Oracle RAC
9 24 (1.02%) NFS
10 23 (0.98%) VMware NSX
11 22 (0.94%) XenApp
12 17 (0.72%) Apache ZooKeeper
13 15 (0.64%) HDFS
14 13 (0.55%) Citrix Hypervisor
15 12 (0.51%) LXC
15 12 (0.51%) Virtual Servers
16 11 (0.47%) BitLocker
17 9 (0.38%) RACF
17 9 (0.38%) Samba
17 9 (0.38%) Squid
Systems Management
1 486 (20.68%) Kubernetes
2 444 (18.89%) Ansible
3 415 (17.66%) Terraform
4 277 (11.79%) Puppet
5 179 (7.62%) Opscode Chef
6 71 (3.02%) Packer
7 55 (2.34%) Grafana
8 49 (2.09%) Prometheus
9 43 (1.83%) SCOM
10 41 (1.74%) Data Guard
11 39 (1.66%) Nagios
11 39 (1.66%) ZABBIX
12 36 (1.53%) Single Sign-On
13 35 (1.49%) Salt
14 29 (1.23%) SCCM
14 29 (1.23%) vCenter Server
15 26 (1.11%) Red Hat Satellite
16 25 (1.06%) Kibana
17 21 (0.89%) Oracle RMAN
18 20 (0.85%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
Vendors
1 436 (18.55%) Oracle
2 324 (13.79%) Microsoft
3 289 (12.30%) VMware
4 276 (11.74%) Red Hat
5 140 (5.96%) Splunk
6 129 (5.49%) Cisco
7 97 (4.13%) IBM
8 91 (3.87%) Atlassian
9 82 (3.49%) Google
10 71 (3.02%) Dell
10 71 (3.02%) SAP
11 70 (2.98%) HP
12 55 (2.34%) Sybase
13 50 (2.13%) Juniper
13 50 (2.13%) NetApp
14 40 (1.70%) Citrix
15 38 (1.62%) SolarWinds
16 37 (1.57%) CheckPoint
17 35 (1.49%) Informatica
18 34 (1.45%) EMC