Period
to 18 November 2017

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Linux skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Linux over the 6 months to 18 November 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Linux
UK > England
6 months to
18 Nov 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 12 11 17
Rank change year-on-year -1 +6 0
Contract jobs citing Linux 8513 9328 8348
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 9.07% 9.50% 7.95%
As % of the Operating Systems category 43.20% 44.08% 36.65%
Number of daily rates quoted 5616 6316 5427
England median daily rate £475 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +5.43%
10th Percentile £319 £310 £291
90th Percentile £638 £600 £600
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £425
% change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 249 198 312
England median hourly rate £41.00 £40.00 £37.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +2.50% +6.67% +10.29%
10th Percentile £25.00 £17.35 £18.01
90th Percentile £50.25 £50.00 £50.00
UK median hourly rate £40.65 £40.00 £37.50
% change year-on-year +1.63% +6.67% +10.29%

Linux is in the Operating Systems category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for operating system skills.

All Operating Systems
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills 19705 21162 22776
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 20.99% 21.56% 21.69%
Number of daily rates quoted 12667 13501 13567
England median daily rate £425 £410 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +3.66% +2.50% +6.67%
10th Percentile £175 £200 £190
90th Percentile £600 £575 £573
UK median daily rate £425 £400 £395
% change year-on-year +6.25% +1.27% +5.33%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1202 1191 1830
England median hourly rate £17.50 £16.50 £16.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +6.06% - +6.45%
10th Percentile £11.00 £10.75 £10.50
90th Percentile £47.83 £43.75 £42.00
UK median hourly rate £17.50 £16.26 £16.50
% change year-on-year +7.66% -1.48% +6.45%

Linux
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Linux as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Linux in England

Linux
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Linux in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for Linux in England

Linux
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Linux in England over the 6 months to 18 November 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Linux in England

Linux
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Linux in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Linux in England

Linux
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Linux in England over the 6 months to 18 November 2017.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Linux in England

Linux
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Linux within the England region over the 6 months to 18 November 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -1 4475 £515 +8.42% 422
South East +1 1698 £430 +1.18% 190
North of England -1 955 £425 +3.03% 152
Midlands -3 507 £425 - 85
East of England -2 448 £425 +13.33% 123
North West -4 422 £425 - 86
South West +3 402 £416 +4.06% 71
Yorkshire -1 347 £450 +2.86% 61
West Midlands -2 272 £475 +10.47% 49
East Midlands +6 229 £375 -10.18% 36
North East +3 204 £375 +10.29% 5
Linux
UK

For the 6 months to 18 November 2017, IT contractor jobs citing Linux also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads across the England region with a requirement for Linux.

1 2726 (32.02%) Unix
2 2609 (30.65%) Java
3 2565 (30.13%) DevOps
4 2457 (28.86%) Python
5 2401 (28.20%) Windows
6 2390 (28.07%) Agile Software Development
7 1933 (22.71%) Amazon AWS
8 1764 (20.72%) Jenkins
9 1760 (20.67%) Git (software)
10 1637 (19.23%) SQL
11 1610 (18.91%) Puppet
12 1501 (17.63%) Ansible
13 1458 (17.13%) Finance
14 1452 (17.06%) Docker
15 1389 (16.32%) Oracle
16 1387 (16.29%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
17 1295 (15.21%) Red Hat
18 1251 (14.70%) Continuous Integration
19 1178 (13.84%) Configuration Management
20 1079 (12.67%) Bash Shell
21 1053 (12.37%) Security Cleared
22 1050 (12.33%) JavaScript
23 1042 (12.24%) VMware
24 860 (10.10%) MySQL
25 859 (10.09%) Banking
26 839 (9.86%) Scrum
27 834 (9.80%) Perl
28 832 (9.77%) Web Services
29 820 (9.63%) Opscode Chef
30 810 (9.51%) SC Cleared

Linux
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 708 (8.32%) Apache
2 534 (6.27%) Tomcat
3 473 (5.56%) Confluence
4 356 (4.18%) JBoss
5 316 (3.71%) Elasticsearch
5 316 (3.71%) OpenStack
6 291 (3.42%) nginx
7 285 (3.35%) Apache Spark
8 259 (3.04%) WebLogic
9 206 (2.42%) WebSphere
10 205 (2.41%) IIS
11 101 (1.19%) Cloud Foundry
11 101 (1.19%) Oracle SOA Suite
12 90 (1.06%) SAS
13 80 (0.94%) MS Exchange
14 78 (0.92%) SharePoint
15 64 (0.75%) CMS
16 61 (0.72%) Apache Solr
17 54 (0.63%) Oracle Application Server
18 51 (0.60%) iPlanet
Applications
1 73 (0.86%) Microsoft Office
2 59 (0.69%) Microsoft Excel
3 34 (0.40%) MS Visio
4 31 (0.36%) HipChat
5 25 (0.29%) Photoshop
6 20 (0.23%) Microsoft Project
7 12 (0.14%) Chatbot
8 10 (0.12%) Microsoft PowerPoint
8 10 (0.12%) Pipeline Pilot
9 8 (0.094%) Adobe Illustrator
9 8 (0.094%) Houdini
9 8 (0.094%) Maya
9 8 (0.094%) NUKE
9 8 (0.094%) Simulink
10 6 (0.070%) Spreadsheet
11 5 (0.059%) SPSS
12 4 (0.047%) Doxygen
13 3 (0.035%) InVision
14 2 (0.023%) Fireworks
14 2 (0.023%) OrCAD
Business Applications
1 46 (0.54%) ION MarketView
2 30 (0.35%) SAP ERP
3 26 (0.31%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
4 21 (0.25%) Oracle Applications
5 20 (0.23%) Oracle BPM
6 19 (0.22%) Dynamics CRM
7 18 (0.21%) Temenos T24
8 16 (0.19%) Magento
9 15 (0.18%) BusinessWorks
10 13 (0.15%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
11 11 (0.13%) Oracle 11i
11 11 (0.13%) Remedy ITSM
12 10 (0.12%) Markit EDM
12 10 (0.12%) Oracle EBS
12 10 (0.12%) Oracle Retail
13 8 (0.094%) Maximo
13 8 (0.094%) Oracle EBS R12
13 8 (0.094%) RMDS
14 5 (0.059%) Kondor
14 5 (0.059%) Payment Gateway
Cloud Services
1 1933 (22.71%) Amazon AWS
2 690 (8.11%) Microsoft Azure
3 337 (3.96%) GitHub
4 314 (3.69%) Amazon EC2
5 245 (2.88%) Amazon S3
5 245 (2.88%) AWS CloudFormation
6 227 (2.67%) IaaS
7 216 (2.54%) PaaS
8 167 (1.96%) Virtual Private Cloud
9 166 (1.95%) Cloud Computing
10 152 (1.79%) OpenShift
11 124 (1.46%) Serverless
12 122 (1.43%) Google Cloud Platform
12 122 (1.43%) SaaS
13 119 (1.40%) Route 53
14 110 (1.29%) Amazon CloudWatch
15 107 (1.26%) Office 365
16 106 (1.25%) AWS Lambda
17 90 (1.06%) Amazon ELB
18 81 (0.95%) Slack
Communications & Networking
1 734 (8.62%) Firewall
2 682 (8.01%) TCP/IP
3 516 (6.06%) HTTP
4 504 (5.92%) DNS
5 418 (4.91%) SAN
6 346 (4.06%) SSL
7 262 (3.08%) VPN
8 236 (2.77%) WAN
9 235 (2.76%) LDAP
10 220 (2.58%) LAN
11 186 (2.18%) DHCP
12 179 (2.10%) Network Security
13 168 (1.97%) Internet
14 146 (1.72%) NAS
15 113 (1.33%) SSH
16 110 (1.29%) Wireless
17 105 (1.23%) Kerberos
18 86 (1.01%) Fibre Channel
19 82 (0.96%) VoIP
20 63 (0.74%) IPsec
Database & Business Intelligence
1 860 (10.10%) MySQL
2 605 (7.11%) Relational Database
3 579 (6.80%) SQL Server
4 573 (6.73%) MongoDB
5 546 (6.41%) PostgreSQL
6 466 (5.47%) NoSQL
7 465 (5.46%) Hadoop
8 422 (4.96%) Big Data
9 337 (3.96%) Oracle Database
10 222 (2.61%) RDBMS
11 210 (2.47%) Apache Cassandra
12 203 (2.38%) HBase
13 177 (2.08%) Amazon RDS
14 163 (1.91%) DB2
15 139 (1.63%) Apache Hive
16 135 (1.59%) Redis
17 99 (1.16%) Data Warehouse
18 82 (0.96%) KDB
19 74 (0.87%) Amazon DynamoDB
20 70 (0.82%) Oracle Database 11g
Development Applications
1 1764 (20.72%) Jenkins
2 1760 (20.67%) Git (software)
3 796 (9.35%) JIRA
4 564 (6.63%) Maven
5 490 (5.76%) Subversion
6 321 (3.77%) JUnit
7 306 (3.59%) Sonatype Nexus
8 254 (2.98%) TeamCity
9 206 (2.42%) Bitbucket
9 206 (2.42%) Cucumber
10 187 (2.20%) Artifactory
11 178 (2.09%) Selenium
12 177 (2.08%) IntelliJ
13 172 (2.02%) GitLab
14 161 (1.89%) Atlassian Bamboo
15 142 (1.67%) Ant
16 139 (1.63%) Gradle
17 131 (1.54%) Mockito
18 128 (1.50%) Eclipse
18 128 (1.50%) Vagrant
General
1 1458 (17.13%) Finance
2 859 (10.09%) Banking
3 309 (3.63%) Investment Banking
4 306 (3.59%) Telecoms
5 300 (3.52%) Front Office
6 189 (2.22%) Retail
7 166 (1.95%) Marketing
8 143 (1.68%) Electronics
9 123 (1.44%) Manufacturing
10 92 (1.08%) Games
11 86 (1.01%) Financial Institution
12 57 (0.67%) Legal
13 54 (0.63%) Retail Banking
14 50 (0.59%) Publishing
15 40 (0.47%) Back Office
16 34 (0.40%) Pharmaceutical
17 33 (0.39%) Advertising
18 31 (0.36%) Automotive
19 29 (0.34%) Law
20 25 (0.29%) Billing
Job Titles
1 2249 (26.42%) Developer
2 1589 (18.67%) DevOps Engineer
3 796 (9.35%) Java Developer
3 796 (9.35%) Linux Engineer
4 621 (7.29%) Administrator
5 557 (6.54%) AWS Engineer
6 497 (5.84%) AWS DevOps
7 444 (5.22%) Consultant
8 436 (5.12%) AWS DevOps Engineer
9 433 (5.09%) Architect
10 427 (5.02%) Linux/Unix DevOps
11 407 (4.78%) Analyst
12 366 (4.30%) Systems Administrator
13 347 (4.08%) Linux DevOps Engineer
14 316 (3.71%) C++ Developer
15 300 (3.52%) Linux Administrator
16 279 (3.28%) Senior Developer
17 272 (3.20%) Software Engineer
18 253 (2.97%) Cloud Engineer
19 244 (2.87%) Infrastructure Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 832 (9.77%) Web Services
2 729 (8.56%) HTML
3 645 (7.58%) CSS
3 645 (7.58%) REST
4 542 (6.37%) Spring
5 507 (5.96%) XML
6 494 (5.80%) Node.js
7 488 (5.73%) JSON
8 475 (5.58%) Middleware
9 404 (4.75%) RESTful
10 381 (4.48%) AngularJS
11 345 (4.05%) Elastic Stack
12 328 (3.85%) HTML5
13 323 (3.79%) .NET
14 298 (3.50%) J2EE
15 281 (3.30%) Kafka
16 274 (3.22%) SOAP
17 251 (2.95%) jQuery
18 217 (2.55%) Spring Boot
19 185 (2.17%) Hibernate
Miscellaneous
1 525 (6.17%) Analytical Skills
2 392 (4.60%) Data Centre
3 347 (4.08%) Computer Science
4 265 (3.11%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
5 243 (2.85%) Linux Command Line
6 228 (2.68%) Clustering
7 184 (2.16%) Public Cloud
8 183 (2.15%) Greenfield Project
9 143 (1.68%) User Experience
10 142 (1.67%) Replication
11 128 (1.50%) Algorithms
12 121 (1.42%) Management Information System
13 118 (1.39%) PKI
14 114 (1.34%) Enterprise Software
15 110 (1.29%) Data Structures
16 103 (1.21%) Fixed Income
17 94 (1.10%) Fintech
18 89 (1.05%) Equities
19 88 (1.03%) Private Cloud
20 79 (0.93%) Derivative
Operating Systems
1 2726 (32.02%) Unix
2 2401 (28.20%) Windows
3 1387 (16.29%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
4 632 (7.42%) Solaris
5 618 (7.26%) Windows Server
6 567 (6.66%) CentOS
7 397 (4.66%) AIX
8 374 (4.39%) Ubuntu
9 264 (3.10%) Windows Server 2012
10 184 (2.16%) Windows Server 2008
11 175 (2.06%) Mac OS X
12 152 (1.79%) SUSE
13 125 (1.47%) HPUX
14 103 (1.21%) Debian
15 97 (1.14%) Android
15 97 (1.14%) Windows 7
16 90 (1.06%) Windows Server 2003
17 82 (0.96%) Windows 10
18 76 (0.89%) Apple iOS
19 74 (0.87%) Mac OS
Processes & Methodologies
1 2565 (30.13%) DevOps
2 2390 (28.07%) Agile Software Development
3 1251 (14.70%) Continuous Integration
4 1178 (13.84%) Configuration Management
5 839 (9.86%) Scrum
6 783 (9.20%) Test Automation
7 782 (9.19%) Open Source
8 774 (9.09%) TDD
9 671 (7.88%) Software Engineering
10 622 (7.31%) Microservices
11 518 (6.08%) Continuous Delivery
12 506 (5.94%) Migration
13 473 (5.56%) ITIL
14 411 (4.83%) OO
15 375 (4.41%) Load Balancing
16 365 (4.29%) Mentoring
17 363 (4.26%) BDD
18 339 (3.98%) High Availability
19 332 (3.90%) Analytics
20 331 (3.89%) SDLC
Programming Languages
1 2609 (30.65%) Java
2 2457 (28.86%) Python
3 1637 (19.23%) SQL
4 1079 (12.67%) Bash Shell
5 1050 (12.33%) JavaScript
6 834 (9.80%) Perl
7 781 (9.17%) Ruby
8 742 (8.72%) Shell Script
9 720 (8.46%) C++
10 420 (4.93%) C
11 415 (4.87%) PowerShell
12 389 (4.57%) PHP
13 347 (4.08%) Scala
14 309 (3.63%) C#
15 248 (2.91%) Go
16 207 (2.43%) PL/SQL
17 196 (2.30%) Korn
18 147 (1.73%) Groovy
19 86 (1.01%) Embedded C
20 78 (0.92%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 1053 (12.37%) Security Cleared
2 810 (9.51%) SC Cleared
3 501 (5.89%) Degree
4 135 (1.59%) Computer Science Degree
5 111 (1.30%) CISSP
6 108 (1.27%) DV Cleared
7 92 (1.08%) Cisco Certification
8 84 (0.99%) Microsoft Certification
9 70 (0.82%) AWS Certification
10 68 (0.80%) RHCE
11 66 (0.78%) BPSS Clearance
12 60 (0.70%) CISM
13 57 (0.67%) MCSE
14 48 (0.56%) CCNA
15 47 (0.55%) CCNP
16 40 (0.47%) PhD
17 31 (0.36%) ISEB
18 30 (0.35%) ITIL Certification
19 29 (0.34%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
20 28 (0.33%) MCSA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 269 (3.16%) QA
2 86 (1.01%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 82 (0.96%) SLA
4 62 (0.73%) PCI DSS
5 52 (0.61%) MiFID
6 44 (0.52%) Sarbanes-Oxley
7 36 (0.42%) Disclosure Scotland
8 33 (0.39%) Data Quality
9 28 (0.33%) GCP
10 25 (0.29%) GDPR
11 20 (0.23%) HIPAA
12 17 (0.20%) Actionable Recommendations
13 13 (0.15%) MISRA
14 12 (0.14%) COBIT
14 12 (0.14%) GPG13
14 12 (0.14%) TARGET2
15 11 (0.13%) NIST 800
16 9 (0.11%) JSP 440
16 9 (0.11%) PMO
17 8 (0.094%) AIFMD
System Software
1 1452 (17.06%) Docker
2 534 (6.27%) Active Directory
3 493 (5.79%) VMware Infrastructure
4 212 (2.49%) Virtual Machines
5 191 (2.24%) VMware ESXi
6 166 (1.95%) Hyper-V
7 131 (1.54%) HDFS
8 127 (1.49%) vSphere
9 112 (1.32%) NFS
10 105 (1.23%) KVM
11 76 (0.89%) Samba
12 75 (0.88%) Veritas Cluster Server
13 71 (0.83%) vCloud
14 66 (0.78%) Xen
15 61 (0.72%) Apache ZooKeeper
16 59 (0.69%) Apache Flume
17 54 (0.63%) Oracle RAC
18 51 (0.60%) Firmware
19 50 (0.59%) Veritas Volume Manager
20 46 (0.54%) LXC
Systems Management
1 1610 (18.91%) Puppet
2 1501 (17.63%) Ansible
3 820 (9.63%) Opscode Chef
4 696 (8.18%) Terraform
5 645 (7.58%) Kubernetes
6 235 (2.76%) logstash
7 212 (2.49%) Kibana
8 210 (2.47%) Nagios
9 152 (1.79%) Grafana
10 123 (1.44%) NetBackup
10 123 (1.44%) ZABBIX
11 111 (1.30%) Prometheus
12 104 (1.22%) Packer
13 93 (1.09%) SCCM
14 91 (1.07%) Salt
15 82 (0.96%) Rancher
16 67 (0.79%) Tivoli Storage Manager
17 64 (0.75%) Mesos
18 62 (0.73%) Hadoop YARN
19 61 (0.72%) SCOM
Vendors
1 1389 (16.32%) Oracle
2 1295 (15.21%) Red Hat
3 1042 (12.24%) VMware
4 630 (7.40%) Microsoft
5 432 (5.07%) Cisco
6 405 (4.76%) IBM
7 336 (3.95%) HP
8 328 (3.85%) Splunk
9 233 (2.74%) Citrix
10 226 (2.65%) Google
11 219 (2.57%) Sybase
12 189 (2.22%) Atlassian
13 181 (2.13%) Veritas
14 178 (2.09%) SAP
15 173 (2.03%) EMC
16 169 (1.99%) TIBCO
17 163 (1.91%) F5
17 163 (1.91%) Sun
18 151 (1.77%) NetApp
19 120 (1.41%) Juniper