Period
to 14 November 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Linux skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Linux over the 6 months to 14 November 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Linux
UK > England
6 months to
14 Nov 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 19 16 12
Rank change year-on-year -3 -4 -1
Contract jobs citing Linux 5,494 7,958 8,619
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 7.15% 8.34% 9.10%
As % of the Operating Systems category 34.79% 39.56% 43.36%
Number of daily rates quoted 3,461 5,139 5,681
England median daily rate £500 £500 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.26% +5.56%
10th Percentile £325 £325 £319
90th Percentile £675 £650 £638
UK median daily rate £500 £500 £475
% change year-on-year +0.10% +5.16% +5.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 141 190 249
England median hourly rate £45.00 £42.50 £41.15
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +5.88% +3.28% +2.88%
10th Percentile £18.00 £18.58 £25.00
90th Percentile £55.00 £52.50 £50.35
UK median hourly rate £44.50 £42.50 £41.00
% change year-on-year +4.71% +3.66% +2.50%

Linux is in the Operating Systems category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for operating system skills.

All Operating Systems
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills 15,790 20,114 19,877
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 20.54% 21.08% 20.98%
Number of daily rates quoted 9,903 12,516 12,745
England median daily rate £425 £425 £425
10th Percentile £150 £165 £175
90th Percentile £619 £613 £600
UK median daily rate £425 £425 £425
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,098 1,383 1,215
England median hourly rate £17.50 £17.50 £17.50
10th Percentile £11.24 £11.17 £11.00
90th Percentile £50.55 £47.50 £47.83
UK median hourly rate £17.50 £17.50 £17.50

Linux
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Linux as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Linux in England

Linux
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Linux in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for Linux in England

Linux
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Linux in England over the 6 months to 14 November 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Linux in England

Linux
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Linux in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Linux in England

Linux
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Linux in England over the 6 months to 14 November 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Linux in England

Linux
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Linux within the England region over the 6 months to 14 November 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -5 2,551 £538 +2.38% 708
South East -11 880 £475 +5.56% 478
South West +2 697 £488 +4.39% 236
North of England -2 693 £466 +6.57% 369
East of England -3 329 £440 -1.68% 349
Midlands -3 324 £438 +2.94% 201
North West -4 308 £465 +3.33% 194
Yorkshire +3 295 £468 +10.06% 133
West Midlands -5 204 £438 +2.94% 125
East Midlands +4 117 £425 +6.25% 76
North East -13 91 £455 +1.11% 42
Linux
UK

For the 6 months to 14 November 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Linux also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Linux.

1 1,863 (33.91%) DevOps
2 1,785 (32.49%) Python
3 1,630 (29.67%) Windows
4 1,590 (28.94%) Agile Software Development
5 1,575 (28.67%) AWS
6 1,340 (24.39%) Java
7 1,262 (22.97%) Docker
8 1,221 (22.22%) Unix
9 1,137 (20.70%) Ansible
10 1,134 (20.64%) Git (software)
11 1,077 (19.60%) Jenkins
12 1,073 (19.53%) Security Cleared
13 943 (17.16%) SQL
14 932 (16.96%) Terraform
15 903 (16.44%) Azure
16 851 (15.49%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
17 826 (15.03%) Kubernetes
18 802 (14.60%) Bash Shell
19 779 (14.18%) Finance
20 756 (13.76%) Puppet
21 739 (13.45%) SC Cleared
22 723 (13.16%) Oracle
23 706 (12.85%) JavaScript
24 689 (12.54%) Configuration Management
25 684 (12.45%) Red Hat
26 683 (12.43%) Continuous Integration
27 644 (11.72%) VMware
28 622 (11.32%) Software Engineering
29 605 (11.01%) Microsoft
30 598 (10.88%) Scrum

Linux
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 353 (6.43%) Apache
2 311 (5.66%) Confluence
3 190 (3.46%) Apache Spark
4 184 (3.35%) Tomcat
5 181 (3.29%) Elasticsearch
6 179 (3.26%) nginx
7 132 (2.40%) JBoss
8 123 (2.24%) OpenStack
9 113 (2.06%) WebLogic
10 109 (1.98%) IIS
11 78 (1.42%) WebSphere
12 63 (1.15%) MS Exchange
13 49 (0.89%) SharePoint
14 48 (0.87%) SAS
15 40 (0.73%) Oracle SOA Suite
16 35 (0.64%) Jetty
17 32 (0.58%) GeoServer
17 32 (0.58%) Jupyter
18 23 (0.42%) WebSphere Application Server
19 22 (0.40%) Drupal
Applications
1 122 (2.22%) Microsoft Office
2 45 (0.82%) Microsoft Excel
3 32 (0.58%) MS Visio
4 21 (0.38%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 11 (0.20%) Microsoft Project
6 4 (0.073%) Mozilla Thunderbird
6 4 (0.073%) Photoshop
7 1 (0.018%) Abaqus
7 1 (0.018%) Adobe Creative Suite
7 1 (0.018%) Chatbot
7 1 (0.018%) FileZilla
7 1 (0.018%) Houdini
7 1 (0.018%) Maya
7 1 (0.018%) Notepad++
7 1 (0.018%) Simulink
Business Applications
1 34 (0.62%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
2 22 (0.40%) Remedy ITSM
3 18 (0.33%) Oracle Applications
4 17 (0.31%) BusinessWorks
5 15 (0.27%) Magento
6 14 (0.25%) Oracle EBS
7 11 (0.20%) assyst
7 11 (0.20%) Dynamics CRM
8 10 (0.18%) CSG Singleview
8 10 (0.18%) FINCAD Analytics
8 10 (0.18%) Oracle EBS R12
9 9 (0.16%) Oracle BPM
9 9 (0.16%) Oracle Cash Management
9 9 (0.16%) Oracle Internet Expenses
9 9 (0.16%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
10 8 (0.15%) Oracle AML
11 7 (0.13%) Distributed Ledger
11 7 (0.13%) Oracle Subledger Accounting
12 6 (0.11%) Oracle FAH
12 6 (0.11%) Payment Gateway
Cloud Services
1 1,575 (28.67%) AWS
2 903 (16.44%) Azure
3 388 (7.06%) GCP
4 266 (4.84%) Amazon EC2
5 250 (4.55%) GitHub
6 233 (4.24%) Amazon S3
7 229 (4.17%) OpenShift
8 216 (3.93%) Serverless
9 213 (3.88%) AWS CloudFormation
10 175 (3.19%) AWS Lambda
11 174 (3.17%) PaaS
12 161 (2.93%) IaaS
13 156 (2.84%) Office 365
14 128 (2.33%) Amazon CloudWatch
15 125 (2.28%) Virtual Private Cloud
16 107 (1.95%) Amazon ECS
17 105 (1.91%) Route 53
18 101 (1.84%) Amazon ELB
19 94 (1.71%) Cloud Computing
20 86 (1.57%) Datadog
Communications & Networking
1 406 (7.39%) Firewall
2 355 (6.46%) TCP/IP
3 303 (5.52%) DNS
4 261 (4.75%) HTTP
5 202 (3.68%) VPN
6 166 (3.02%) WAN
7 152 (2.77%) DHCP
8 151 (2.75%) SSL
9 147 (2.68%) SAN
10 122 (2.22%) LAN
11 114 (2.07%) Internet
12 113 (2.06%) Network Security
13 99 (1.80%) Ethernet
14 87 (1.58%) FTP
15 68 (1.24%) Intrusion Detection
15 68 (1.24%) Wireshark
16 67 (1.22%) NAS
16 67 (1.22%) Wireless
17 61 (1.11%) IPsec
18 60 (1.09%) Wi-Fi
Database & Business Intelligence
1 530 (9.65%) MySQL
2 361 (6.57%) SQL Server
3 311 (5.66%) Big Data
4 305 (5.55%) MongoDB
4 305 (5.55%) PostgreSQL
5 244 (4.44%) Hadoop
5 244 (4.44%) Relational Database
6 240 (4.37%) Oracle Database
7 198 (3.60%) NoSQL
8 196 (3.57%) Amazon RDS
9 94 (1.71%) DB2
10 91 (1.66%) RDBMS
11 85 (1.55%) Apache Hive
12 80 (1.46%) Data Warehouse
13 73 (1.33%) Oracle Database 12c
14 72 (1.31%) Apache Cassandra
15 64 (1.16%) HBase
16 55 (1.00%) Oracle Database 11g
17 53 (0.96%) Redis
18 51 (0.93%) Amazon DynamoDB
Development Applications
1 1,134 (20.64%) Git (software)
2 1,077 (19.60%) Jenkins
3 560 (10.19%) JIRA
4 195 (3.55%) Maven
5 176 (3.20%) GitLab
6 174 (3.17%) Subversion
7 142 (2.58%) Sonatype Nexus
8 134 (2.44%) Bitbucket
9 119 (2.17%) Selenium
10 116 (2.11%) JUnit
11 102 (1.86%) TeamCity
12 101 (1.84%) Artifactory
13 94 (1.71%) Cucumber
14 93 (1.69%) Atlassian Bamboo
15 92 (1.67%) Gradle
16 90 (1.64%) Eclipse
16 90 (1.64%) SonarQube
17 89 (1.62%) Visual Studio
18 77 (1.40%) Vagrant
19 70 (1.27%) Mockito
General
1 779 (14.18%) Finance
2 289 (5.26%) Banking
3 241 (4.39%) Public Sector
4 158 (2.88%) Telecoms
5 100 (1.82%) Retail
6 74 (1.35%) Investment Banking
7 71 (1.29%) Marketing
8 63 (1.15%) Front Office
9 57 (1.04%) Manufacturing
10 56 (1.02%) Aerospace
10 56 (1.02%) Electronics
11 53 (0.96%) Financial Institution
12 52 (0.95%) Games
12 52 (0.95%) Law
12 52 (0.95%) Military
13 32 (0.58%) Publishing
14 21 (0.38%) Legal
15 19 (0.35%) Billing
16 17 (0.31%) German Language
16 17 (0.31%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 1,155 (21.02%) Developer
2 1,047 (19.06%) DevOps Engineer
3 338 (6.15%) AWS Engineer
4 329 (5.99%) Software Engineer
5 312 (5.68%) Administrator
5 312 (5.68%) Architect
6 290 (5.28%) Analyst
7 281 (5.11%) Linux Engineer
8 279 (5.08%) AWS DevOps
9 257 (4.68%) Java Developer
10 241 (4.39%) AWS DevOps Engineer
11 228 (4.15%) Cloud Engineer
12 216 (3.93%) Consultant
13 191 (3.48%) Infrastructure Engineer
14 156 (2.84%) Senior Developer
15 150 (2.73%) Senior DevOps
16 141 (2.57%) Senior DevOps Engineer
17 140 (2.55%) Linux/Unix DevOps
18 131 (2.38%) Platform Engineer
19 128 (2.33%) Systems Administrator
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 446 (8.12%) Web Services
2 337 (6.13%) Node.js
3 306 (5.57%) HTML
4 301 (5.48%) REST
5 297 (5.41%) .NET
6 293 (5.33%) JSON
7 280 (5.10%) Kafka
8 265 (4.82%) CSS
9 259 (4.71%) AngularJS
10 254 (4.62%) Spring
11 204 (3.71%) Elastic Stack
12 187 (3.40%) XML
13 167 (3.04%) React
13 167 (3.04%) RESTful
14 153 (2.78%) Middleware
15 122 (2.22%) SOAP
16 119 (2.17%) LAMP
16 119 (2.17%) Spring Boot
17 117 (2.13%) HTML5
18 112 (2.04%) LDAP
Miscellaneous
1 311 (5.66%) Data Centre
2 286 (5.21%) Analytical Skills
3 242 (4.40%) Linux Command Line
4 170 (3.09%) Clustering
5 154 (2.80%) Public Cloud
6 112 (2.04%) Management Information System
7 101 (1.84%) Self-Motivation
8 99 (1.80%) Greenfield Project
9 91 (1.66%) Data Structures
10 90 (1.64%) Replication
11 85 (1.55%) Algorithms
12 76 (1.38%) Derivative
13 71 (1.29%) PKI
14 69 (1.26%) User Experience
15 64 (1.16%) Enterprise Software
16 61 (1.11%) Cloud Native
17 53 (0.96%) Mobile App
18 44 (0.80%) Equities
18 44 (0.80%) Hedge funds
19 40 (0.73%) Embedded Systems
Operating Systems
1 1,630 (29.67%) Windows
2 1,221 (22.22%) Unix
3 851 (15.49%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
4 454 (8.26%) Windows Server
5 390 (7.10%) CentOS
6 297 (5.41%) Ubuntu
7 176 (3.20%) Solaris
8 159 (2.89%) Windows Server 2012
9 125 (2.28%) Windows Server 2008
10 106 (1.93%) AIX
11 101 (1.84%) Android
11 101 (1.84%) Mac OS X
12 90 (1.64%) Embedded Linux
13 87 (1.58%) Debian
14 82 (1.49%) Mac OS
14 82 (1.49%) Windows 10
15 65 (1.18%) Apple iOS
15 65 (1.18%) Windows 7
16 64 (1.16%) Windows Server 2003
17 45 (0.82%) SUSE
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,863 (33.91%) DevOps
2 1,590 (28.94%) Agile Software Development
3 689 (12.54%) Configuration Management
4 683 (12.43%) Continuous Integration
5 622 (11.32%) Software Engineering
6 598 (10.88%) Scrum
7 535 (9.74%) Test Automation
8 518 (9.43%) Migration
9 496 (9.03%) Microservices
10 460 (8.37%) Problem-Solving
11 430 (7.83%) Open Source
12 414 (7.54%) TDD
13 362 (6.59%) ITIL
14 304 (5.53%) Infrastructure as Code
15 267 (4.86%) Infrastructure Engineering
16 248 (4.51%) Kanban
17 237 (4.31%) Analytics
18 227 (4.13%) Continuous Delivery
19 215 (3.91%) Deployment Automation
20 207 (3.77%) Computer Science
Programming Languages
1 1,785 (32.49%) Python
2 1,340 (24.39%) Java
3 943 (17.16%) SQL
4 802 (14.60%) Bash Shell
5 706 (12.85%) JavaScript
6 553 (10.07%) C++
7 511 (9.30%) PowerShell
8 461 (8.39%) Ruby
9 453 (8.25%) Shell Script
10 409 (7.44%) C
11 386 (7.03%) Perl
12 274 (4.99%) C#
13 272 (4.95%) PHP
14 173 (3.15%) Go
15 159 (2.89%) PL/SQL
16 152 (2.77%) Java 8
17 147 (2.68%) Scala
18 107 (1.95%) Groovy
19 104 (1.89%) TypeScript
20 65 (1.18%) Embedded C
Qualifications
1 1,073 (19.53%) Security Cleared
2 739 (13.45%) SC Cleared
3 316 (5.75%) Degree
4 258 (4.70%) DV Cleared
5 111 (2.02%) AWS Certification
6 100 (1.82%) Cisco Certification
7 81 (1.47%) Computer Science Degree
7 81 (1.47%) Microsoft Certification
8 65 (1.18%) CCNP
9 57 (1.04%) BPSS Clearance
10 56 (1.02%) CCNA
11 55 (1.00%) CISSP
11 55 (1.00%) RHCE
12 52 (0.95%) MCSE
13 35 (0.64%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
14 33 (0.60%) MCSA
15 25 (0.46%) RHCSA
16 24 (0.44%) CCIE
17 22 (0.40%) CEH
18 21 (0.38%) TOGAF Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 152 (2.77%) QA
2 73 (1.33%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 55 (1.00%) NIST
3 55 (1.00%) SLA
4 52 (0.95%) PCI DSS
5 36 (0.66%) Data Quality
6 27 (0.49%) COBIT
7 25 (0.46%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
8 24 (0.44%) GDPR
9 22 (0.40%) Disclosure Scotland
9 22 (0.40%) Sarbanes-Oxley
10 10 (0.18%) JSP 440
11 9 (0.16%) RMADS
12 8 (0.15%) MISRA
13 6 (0.11%) JTAG
14 5 (0.091%) HMG Infosec
14 5 (0.091%) HMG Security Policy Framework
14 5 (0.091%) NCSC
15 4 (0.073%) HIPAA
15 4 (0.073%) PMO
System Software
1 1,262 (22.97%) Docker
2 467 (8.50%) Active Directory
3 363 (6.61%) VMware Infrastructure
4 142 (2.58%) Virtual Machines
5 140 (2.55%) Hyper-V
6 108 (1.97%) vSphere
7 97 (1.77%) VMware ESXi
8 64 (1.16%) XenApp
9 56 (1.02%) Oracle RAC
10 50 (0.91%) HDFS
11 45 (0.82%) NFS
12 43 (0.78%) LXC
13 38 (0.69%) Xen
14 35 (0.64%) XenDesktop
15 33 (0.60%) Firmware
16 29 (0.53%) KVM
17 24 (0.44%) VMware NSX
18 23 (0.42%) vCloud
19 21 (0.38%) Gluster
20 19 (0.35%) Veritas Cluster Server
Systems Management
1 1,137 (20.70%) Ansible
2 932 (16.96%) Terraform
3 826 (15.03%) Kubernetes
4 756 (13.76%) Puppet
5 506 (9.21%) Opscode Chef
6 144 (2.62%) Packer
7 128 (2.33%) SCCM
8 118 (2.15%) Consul
9 92 (1.67%) Grafana
10 85 (1.55%) Nagios
11 83 (1.51%) Prometheus
11 83 (1.51%) Salt
12 71 (1.29%) Kibana
13 57 (1.04%) logstash
14 56 (1.02%) SCOM
15 49 (0.89%) vRealize
16 48 (0.87%) Nessus
16 48 (0.87%) vCenter Server
17 46 (0.84%) Docker Swarm
18 44 (0.80%) HAProxy
Vendors
1 723 (13.16%) Oracle
2 684 (12.45%) Red Hat
3 644 (11.72%) VMware
4 605 (11.01%) Microsoft
5 290 (5.28%) Cisco
6 277 (5.04%) Google
7 216 (3.93%) Splunk
8 191 (3.48%) IBM
9 172 (3.13%) Citrix
10 156 (2.84%) HP
11 134 (2.44%) Atlassian
12 131 (2.38%) SAP
13 100 (1.82%) NetApp
14 99 (1.80%) Cloudera
15 85 (1.55%) ServiceNow
16 81 (1.47%) F5
17 77 (1.40%) Dell
18 73 (1.33%) EMC
19 63 (1.15%) Juniper
20 60 (1.09%) Veritas