Period
to 27 January 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Linux skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Linux over the 6 months to 27 January 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Linux
UK > England
6 months to
27 Jan 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 23 14 11
Rank change year-on-year -9 -3 0
Contract jobs citing Linux 4,375 7,531 8,064
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 6.73% 8.39% 8.78%
As % of the Operating Systems category 32.63% 40.19% 41.96%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,830 4,856 5,404
England median daily rate £500 £500 £495
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +1.01% +10.00%
10th Percentile £319 £325 £325
90th Percentile £675 £650 £650
UK median daily rate £488 £500 £485
% change year-on-year -2.50% +3.09% +7.78%
Number of hourly rates quoted 114 161 217
England median hourly rate £45.00 £45.00 £41.15
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - +9.36% +2.88%
10th Percentile £17.98 £33.75 £21.25
90th Percentile £54.63 £52.50 £51.75
UK median hourly rate £44.00 £44.75 £40.31
% change year-on-year -1.68% +11.03% +0.76%

Linux is in the Operating Systems category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for operating system skills.

All Operating Systems
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills 13,408 18,739 19,217
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 20.64% 20.87% 20.91%
Number of daily rates quoted 8,356 11,750 12,401
England median daily rate £413 £425 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -2.94% - +3.03%
10th Percentile £144 £160 £170
90th Percentile £606 £613 £613
UK median daily rate £410 £425 £425
% change year-on-year -3.53% - +3.91%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,052 1,204 1,167
England median hourly rate £17.50 £17.50 £17.50
10th Percentile £11.26 £11.17 £11.03
90th Percentile £49.43 £47.50 £47.83
UK median hourly rate £17.50 £17.35 £17.43
% change year-on-year +0.85% -0.44% +5.64%

Linux
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Linux as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Linux in England

Linux
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Linux in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for Linux in England

Linux
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Linux in England over the 6 months to 27 January 2020.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Linux in England

Linux
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Linux in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Linux in England

Linux
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Linux in England over the 6 months to 27 January 2020.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Linux in England

Linux
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Linux within the England region over the 6 months to 27 January 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -7 1,950 £531 +1.19% 783
South East -15 708 £475 +5.56% 502
North of England -8 600 £450 - 389
South West -2 562 £450 -5.26% 279
North West -9 283 £463 +2.78% 223
Midlands -5 271 £450 +2.56% 242
East of England -5 269 £450 +2.86% 296
Yorkshire -2 244 £444 +1.43% 101
West Midlands -2 180 £463 +8.82% 149
East Midlands -7 91 £425 -5.56% 93
North East -6 81 £430 -9.47% 65
Linux
UK

For the 6 months to 27 January 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Linux also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Linux.

1 1,397 (31.93%) DevOps
2 1,393 (31.84%) Python
3 1,375 (31.43%) Windows
4 1,233 (28.18%) Agile Software Development
5 1,148 (26.24%) AWS
6 1,049 (23.98%) Java
7 996 (22.77%) Docker
8 909 (20.78%) Unix
9 856 (19.57%) Git (software)
10 847 (19.36%) Security Cleared
11 838 (19.15%) Jenkins
12 821 (18.77%) Ansible
13 756 (17.28%) Azure
14 744 (17.01%) SQL
15 703 (16.07%) Terraform
16 659 (15.06%) Kubernetes
17 622 (14.22%) Oracle
18 621 (14.19%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
19 613 (14.01%) SC Cleared
20 551 (12.59%) VMware
21 545 (12.46%) Puppet
22 541 (12.37%) Bash Shell
23 540 (12.34%) Finance
24 526 (12.02%) Red Hat
25 520 (11.89%) Microsoft
26 518 (11.84%) Continuous Integration
27 516 (11.79%) Configuration Management
28 500 (11.43%) JavaScript
29 472 (10.79%) Software Engineering
30 448 (10.24%) Test Automation

Linux
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 246 (5.62%) Apache
2 236 (5.39%) Confluence
3 167 (3.82%) Tomcat
4 147 (3.36%) nginx
5 141 (3.22%) Apache Spark
6 128 (2.93%) Elasticsearch
7 106 (2.42%) WebLogic
8 98 (2.24%) OpenStack
9 93 (2.13%) IIS
10 80 (1.83%) JBoss
11 68 (1.55%) WebSphere
12 54 (1.23%) SAS
13 47 (1.07%) Oracle SOA Suite
14 41 (0.94%) MS Exchange
15 39 (0.89%) SharePoint
16 31 (0.71%) Jetty
17 24 (0.55%) Mongrel
18 20 (0.46%) GeoServer
19 18 (0.41%) WordPress
20 17 (0.39%) CMS
Applications
1 107 (2.45%) Microsoft Office
2 28 (0.64%) Microsoft Excel
3 27 (0.62%) MS Visio
4 9 (0.21%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 7 (0.16%) Microsoft Project
6 6 (0.14%) PlantUML
7 4 (0.091%) Mozilla Thunderbird
7 4 (0.091%) Photoshop
8 2 (0.046%) Chatbot
8 2 (0.046%) Simulink
9 1 (0.023%) GNU Octave
9 1 (0.023%) Houdini
9 1 (0.023%) InVision
9 1 (0.023%) Maya
9 1 (0.023%) Sketch
Business Applications
1 28 (0.64%) Oracle Applications
2 24 (0.55%) BusinessWorks
3 22 (0.50%) Oracle EBS
4 18 (0.41%) Magento
4 18 (0.41%) Remedy ITSM
5 12 (0.27%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
6 11 (0.25%) Dynamics CRM
7 10 (0.23%) FINCAD Analytics
7 10 (0.23%) Oracle EBS R12
8 8 (0.18%) assyst
8 8 (0.18%) Oracle AML
9 5 (0.11%) Payment Gateway
10 4 (0.091%) Oracle Cash Management
10 4 (0.091%) SAP ERP
10 4 (0.091%) SAP HR
10 4 (0.091%) SAP S/4HANA
11 3 (0.069%) CSG Singleview
11 3 (0.069%) Eikon
11 3 (0.069%) ION MarketView
11 3 (0.069%) Oracle Subledger Accounting
Cloud Services
1 1,148 (26.24%) AWS
2 756 (17.28%) Azure
3 321 (7.34%) GCP
4 209 (4.78%) Amazon EC2
5 186 (4.25%) GitHub
6 160 (3.66%) OpenShift
7 154 (3.52%) Amazon S3
8 147 (3.36%) Serverless
9 143 (3.27%) AWS CloudFormation
10 141 (3.22%) Office 365
11 129 (2.95%) PaaS
12 104 (2.38%) AWS Lambda
12 104 (2.38%) IaaS
13 82 (1.87%) Virtual Private Cloud
14 72 (1.65%) Route 53
15 62 (1.42%) Amazon ELB
16 61 (1.39%) SaaS
17 59 (1.35%) Cloud Computing
18 57 (1.30%) Amazon CloudWatch
19 52 (1.19%) Azure Active Directory
Communications & Networking
1 336 (7.68%) Firewall
2 311 (7.11%) TCP/IP
3 267 (6.10%) HTTP
4 257 (5.87%) DNS
5 166 (3.79%) VPN
6 141 (3.22%) DHCP
7 128 (2.93%) SSL
8 122 (2.79%) SAN
9 106 (2.42%) WAN
10 102 (2.33%) Network Security
11 97 (2.22%) LAN
12 96 (2.19%) Ethernet
13 93 (2.13%) Internet
14 82 (1.87%) Wireshark
15 77 (1.76%) FTP
16 67 (1.53%) Wi-Fi
17 61 (1.39%) Wireless
18 59 (1.35%) HTTPS
19 54 (1.23%) IPsec
20 53 (1.21%) SSH
Database & Business Intelligence
1 376 (8.59%) MySQL
2 289 (6.61%) SQL Server
3 258 (5.90%) MongoDB
4 210 (4.80%) Big Data
5 203 (4.64%) PostgreSQL
6 192 (4.39%) Oracle Database
7 187 (4.27%) Relational Database
8 176 (4.02%) NoSQL
9 165 (3.77%) Hadoop
10 146 (3.34%) Amazon RDS
11 71 (1.62%) Oracle Database 12c
12 70 (1.60%) RDBMS
13 64 (1.46%) Apache Hive
14 61 (1.39%) Data Warehouse
15 58 (1.33%) Oracle Database 11g
16 55 (1.26%) DB2
17 52 (1.19%) Apache Cassandra
18 42 (0.96%) Redis
19 36 (0.82%) SQL Server Integration Services
20 35 (0.80%) HBase
Development Applications
1 856 (19.57%) Git (software)
2 838 (19.15%) Jenkins
3 433 (9.90%) JIRA
4 161 (3.68%) Maven
5 150 (3.43%) GitLab
6 107 (2.45%) Selenium
7 102 (2.33%) Artifactory
7 102 (2.33%) Bitbucket
8 96 (2.19%) Subversion
9 82 (1.87%) Eclipse
10 80 (1.83%) Sonatype Nexus
11 79 (1.81%) JUnit
12 74 (1.69%) Cucumber
13 73 (1.67%) Atlassian Bamboo
14 72 (1.65%) SonarQube
15 68 (1.55%) TeamCity
16 62 (1.42%) Gradle
16 62 (1.42%) Visual Studio
17 55 (1.26%) Ant
18 50 (1.14%) Vagrant
General
1 540 (12.34%) Finance
2 235 (5.37%) Public Sector
3 215 (4.91%) Banking
4 141 (3.22%) Telecoms
5 97 (2.22%) Retail
6 74 (1.69%) Marketing
7 59 (1.35%) Manufacturing
8 57 (1.30%) Electronics
9 54 (1.23%) Investment Banking
10 53 (1.21%) Front Office
11 51 (1.17%) Military
12 41 (0.94%) Aerospace
13 37 (0.85%) Law
14 35 (0.80%) Games
15 28 (0.64%) Financial Institution
16 19 (0.43%) Publishing
17 18 (0.41%) German Language
18 14 (0.32%) Pharmaceutical
19 13 (0.30%) Automotive
19 13 (0.30%) Back Office
Job Titles
1 944 (21.58%) Developer
2 766 (17.51%) DevOps Engineer
3 258 (5.90%) Administrator
4 232 (5.30%) Software Engineer
5 227 (5.19%) AWS Engineer
6 224 (5.12%) Architect
7 223 (5.10%) Analyst
8 202 (4.62%) Java Developer
9 188 (4.30%) Linux Engineer
10 176 (4.02%) AWS DevOps
11 167 (3.82%) Consultant
12 164 (3.75%) Cloud Engineer
13 156 (3.57%) AWS DevOps Engineer
14 152 (3.47%) Infrastructure Engineer
15 128 (2.93%) Senior DevOps
16 123 (2.81%) Senior Developer
17 114 (2.61%) Senior DevOps Engineer
18 102 (2.33%) Support Engineer
18 102 (2.33%) Systems Administrator
19 98 (2.24%) Platform Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 349 (7.98%) Web Services
2 274 (6.26%) .NET
3 265 (6.06%) REST
4 236 (5.39%) Node.js
5 233 (5.33%) HTML
6 222 (5.07%) Kafka
7 197 (4.50%) CSS
7 197 (4.50%) JSON
8 193 (4.41%) Spring
9 189 (4.32%) AngularJS
10 174 (3.98%) XML
11 149 (3.41%) RESTful
12 139 (3.18%) Elastic Stack
13 130 (2.97%) React
14 126 (2.88%) Middleware
15 124 (2.83%) SOAP
16 102 (2.33%) RabbitMQ
17 92 (2.10%) LAMP
18 88 (2.01%) HTML5
19 84 (1.92%) Spring Boot
Miscellaneous
1 279 (6.38%) Analytical Skills
2 256 (5.85%) Data Centre
3 176 (4.02%) Linux Command Line
4 108 (2.47%) Public Cloud
5 92 (2.10%) Clustering
6 84 (1.92%) Greenfield Project
7 82 (1.87%) Algorithms
7 82 (1.87%) Management Information System
8 81 (1.85%) Self-Motivation
9 80 (1.83%) Data Structures
10 58 (1.33%) User Experience
11 55 (1.26%) Replication
12 53 (1.21%) PKI
13 52 (1.19%) Enterprise Software
14 46 (1.05%) Derivative
15 41 (0.94%) Cloud Native
15 41 (0.94%) Virtual Team
16 35 (0.80%) Private Cloud
17 34 (0.78%) Mobile App
18 33 (0.75%) Hybrid Cloud
Operating Systems
1 1,375 (31.43%) Windows
2 909 (20.78%) Unix
3 621 (14.19%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
4 370 (8.46%) Windows Server
5 289 (6.61%) CentOS
6 242 (5.53%) Ubuntu
7 127 (2.90%) Solaris
8 112 (2.56%) Windows Server 2008
9 103 (2.35%) Windows Server 2012
10 89 (2.03%) Mac OS
11 75 (1.71%) AIX
12 74 (1.69%) Android
13 71 (1.62%) Embedded Linux
14 68 (1.55%) Windows 10
15 67 (1.53%) Mac OS X
16 66 (1.51%) Debian
17 53 (1.21%) Windows 7
17 53 (1.21%) Windows Server 2003
18 48 (1.10%) Apple iOS
19 43 (0.98%) FreeRTOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,397 (31.93%) DevOps
2 1,233 (28.18%) Agile Software Development
3 518 (11.84%) Continuous Integration
4 516 (11.79%) Configuration Management
5 472 (10.79%) Software Engineering
6 448 (10.24%) Test Automation
7 426 (9.74%) Scrum
8 391 (8.94%) Migration
9 388 (8.87%) Microservices
10 366 (8.37%) Problem-Solving
11 336 (7.68%) Open Source
12 296 (6.77%) ITIL
13 276 (6.31%) TDD
14 220 (5.03%) Infrastructure as Code
15 203 (4.64%) Infrastructure Engineering
16 179 (4.09%) SDLC
17 168 (3.84%) Analytics
18 158 (3.61%) Kanban
19 156 (3.57%) Continuous Delivery
20 147 (3.36%) Project Delivery
Programming Languages
1 1,393 (31.84%) Python
2 1,049 (23.98%) Java
3 744 (17.01%) SQL
4 541 (12.37%) Bash Shell
5 500 (11.43%) JavaScript
6 402 (9.19%) C++
7 369 (8.43%) PowerShell
8 335 (7.66%) C
9 330 (7.54%) Shell Script
10 325 (7.43%) Ruby
11 273 (6.24%) Perl
12 237 (5.42%) C#
13 201 (4.59%) PHP
14 159 (3.63%) Go
15 133 (3.04%) PL/SQL
16 104 (2.38%) Java 8
17 92 (2.10%) Groovy
18 87 (1.99%) Scala
19 67 (1.53%) TypeScript
20 59 (1.35%) Embedded C
Qualifications
1 847 (19.36%) Security Cleared
2 613 (14.01%) SC Cleared
3 264 (6.03%) Degree
4 182 (4.16%) DV Cleared
5 81 (1.85%) AWS Certification
6 78 (1.78%) Cisco Certification
7 59 (1.35%) CCNA
8 53 (1.21%) Microsoft Certification
9 49 (1.12%) BPSS Clearance
9 49 (1.12%) Computer Science Degree
10 48 (1.10%) CCNP
11 31 (0.71%) MCSE
12 30 (0.69%) CISSP
13 28 (0.64%) RHCE
14 25 (0.57%) ISTQB
15 23 (0.53%) ISEB
16 20 (0.46%) MCSA
17 17 (0.39%) CCIE
18 16 (0.37%) CISM
19 15 (0.34%) Network+ Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 154 (3.52%) QA
2 54 (1.23%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 54 (1.23%) SLA
3 50 (1.14%) PCI DSS
4 39 (0.89%) Data Quality
5 37 (0.85%) NIST
6 25 (0.57%) GDPR
7 21 (0.48%) Sarbanes-Oxley
8 19 (0.43%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
9 15 (0.34%) NCSC
10 14 (0.32%) Disclosure Scotland
11 9 (0.21%) RMADS
12 7 (0.16%) COBIT
12 7 (0.16%) JTAG
13 6 (0.14%) Cyber Essentials
14 4 (0.091%) HIPAA
14 4 (0.091%) ISO/IEC 20000
14 4 (0.091%) JSP 440
14 4 (0.091%) MISRA
15 3 (0.069%) HL7
System Software
1 996 (22.77%) Docker
2 369 (8.43%) Active Directory
3 299 (6.83%) VMware Infrastructure
4 140 (3.20%) Virtual Machines
5 103 (2.35%) Hyper-V
6 81 (1.85%) vSphere
7 58 (1.33%) VMware ESXi
8 50 (1.14%) XenApp
9 41 (0.94%) HDFS
10 36 (0.82%) Xen
11 35 (0.80%) VMware NSX
12 34 (0.78%) NFS
12 34 (0.78%) Oracle RAC
13 30 (0.69%) Firmware
13 30 (0.69%) KVM
14 27 (0.62%) LXC
15 22 (0.50%) Virtual Servers
16 19 (0.43%) XenDesktop
17 18 (0.41%) VirtualBox
18 17 (0.39%) Virtual Desktop
Systems Management
1 821 (18.77%) Ansible
2 703 (16.07%) Terraform
3 659 (15.06%) Kubernetes
4 545 (12.46%) Puppet
5 335 (7.66%) Opscode Chef
6 111 (2.54%) Packer
7 106 (2.42%) SCCM
8 89 (2.03%) Grafana
9 79 (1.81%) Prometheus
10 70 (1.60%) Nagios
11 57 (1.30%) Kibana
12 56 (1.28%) Consul
13 52 (1.19%) logstash
14 47 (1.07%) Docker Swarm
15 46 (1.05%) Salt
16 40 (0.91%) SCOM
17 38 (0.87%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
18 36 (0.82%) Rancher
18 36 (0.82%) WSUS
19 35 (0.80%) vRealize
Vendors
1 622 (14.22%) Oracle
2 551 (12.59%) VMware
3 526 (12.02%) Red Hat
4 520 (11.89%) Microsoft
5 248 (5.67%) Google
6 218 (4.98%) Cisco
7 161 (3.68%) Splunk
8 148 (3.38%) IBM
9 126 (2.88%) Citrix
10 113 (2.58%) HP
11 108 (2.47%) Atlassian
12 107 (2.45%) SAP
13 86 (1.97%) Cloudera
14 76 (1.74%) Dell
15 65 (1.49%) ServiceNow
16 62 (1.42%) Juniper
17 60 (1.37%) EMC
18 58 (1.33%) NetApp
19 57 (1.30%) F5
20 54 (1.23%) SolarWinds