Period
to 17 December 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Linux skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Linux over the 6 months to 17 December 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Linux
UK > England
6 months to
17 Dec 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 16 12 11
Rank change year-on-year -4 -1 +6
Contract jobs citing Linux 8,014 8,352 8,868
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 8.35% 8.84% 9.37%
As % of the Operating Systems category 39.84% 42.57% 44.40%
Number of daily rates quoted 5,145 5,550 6,005
England median daily rate £500 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% +5.88%
10th Percentile £325 £320 £313
90th Percentile £650 £638 £600
UK median daily rate £500 £475 £450
% change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 183 230 197
England median hourly rate £45.00 £41.15 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +9.36% +2.88% +6.67%
10th Percentile £21.44 £25.00 £17.30
90th Percentile £52.90 £50.75 £50.00
UK median hourly rate £44.75 £41.00 £40.00
% change year-on-year +9.15% +2.50% +6.67%

Linux is in the Operating Systems category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for operating system skills.

All Operating Systems
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills 20,113 19,620 19,972
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 20.96% 20.78% 21.09%
Number of daily rates quoted 12,554 12,683 12,715
England median daily rate £425 £425 £413
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +3.03% +3.13%
10th Percentile £163 £173 £200
90th Percentile £613 £610 £575
UK median daily rate £425 £425 £400
% change year-on-year - +6.25% +0.13%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,327 1,165 1,165
England median hourly rate £17.50 £17.50 £16.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - +6.06% -
10th Percentile £11.17 £11.00 £10.69
90th Percentile £47.50 £47.83 £44.50
UK median hourly rate £17.41 £17.50 £16.25
% change year-on-year -0.51% +7.69% -1.52%

Linux
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Linux as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Linux in England

Linux
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Linux in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for Linux in England

Linux
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Linux in England over the 6 months to 17 December 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Linux in England

Linux
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Linux in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Linux in England

Linux
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Linux in England over the 6 months to 17 December 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Linux in England

Linux
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Linux within the England region over the 6 months to 17 December 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -5 3,880 £530 +1.92% 969
South East -7 1,378 £450 - 452
North of England -5 1,004 £450 +5.88% 384
South West +13 667 £475 +15.15% 276
East of England +4 580 £450 +12.50% 287
Midlands -3 484 £425 - 196
North West -1 426 £450 +4.65% 212
Yorkshire -2 413 £425 -9.57% 139
West Midlands -8 323 £409 -9.17% 101
North East -3 172 £450 +13.92% 33
East Midlands -4 155 £445 +18.60% 94
South Coast - 2 - -
Linux
UK

For the 6 months to 17 December 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Linux also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Linux.

1 2,864 (35.74%) DevOps
2 2,474 (30.87%) Agile Software Development
3 2,401 (29.96%) Windows
4 2,386 (29.77%) Python
5 2,314 (28.87%) Amazon AWS
6 2,145 (26.77%) Java
7 2,062 (25.73%) Unix
8 1,930 (24.08%) Jenkins
9 1,881 (23.47%) Ansible
10 1,810 (22.59%) Git (software)
11 1,771 (22.10%) Docker
12 1,554 (19.39%) Puppet
13 1,462 (18.24%) SQL
14 1,427 (17.81%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
15 1,256 (15.67%) Red Hat
16 1,245 (15.54%) Terraform
17 1,223 (15.26%) Finance
18 1,188 (14.82%) Configuration Management
19 1,186 (14.80%) Continuous Integration
20 1,185 (14.79%) Security Cleared
21 1,171 (14.61%) Oracle
22 1,099 (13.71%) Bash Shell
23 1,053 (13.14%) Kubernetes
24 1,015 (12.67%) JavaScript
25 1,008 (12.58%) VMware
26 989 (12.34%) Microsoft Azure
27 942 (11.75%) Opscode Chef
28 938 (11.70%) SC Cleared
29 897 (11.19%) Test Automation
30 799 (9.97%) Microsoft

Linux
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 723 (9.02%) Apache
2 486 (6.06%) Confluence
3 373 (4.65%) Tomcat
4 314 (3.92%) Elasticsearch
5 306 (3.82%) nginx
6 273 (3.41%) JBoss
7 249 (3.11%) Apache Spark
8 212 (2.65%) WebLogic
9 202 (2.52%) IIS
10 187 (2.33%) WebSphere
11 166 (2.07%) OpenStack
12 128 (1.60%) MS Exchange
13 77 (0.96%) Oracle SOA Suite
14 74 (0.92%) CMS
15 68 (0.85%) Jetty
16 67 (0.84%) SharePoint
17 57 (0.71%) Oracle Service Bus
18 54 (0.67%) Mongrel
19 45 (0.56%) Cloud Foundry
20 43 (0.54%) WordPress
Applications
1 93 (1.16%) Microsoft Office
2 61 (0.76%) Microsoft Excel
3 35 (0.44%) MS Visio
4 15 (0.19%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 14 (0.17%) Microsoft Project
6 12 (0.15%) Chatbot
7 7 (0.087%) Photoshop
8 5 (0.062%) HipChat
8 5 (0.062%) Simulink
9 4 (0.050%) Maya
9 4 (0.050%) NUKE
10 3 (0.037%) Houdini
11 2 (0.025%) Adobe Illustrator
11 2 (0.025%) Spreadsheet
12 1 (0.012%) Adobe Creative Suite
12 1 (0.012%) CATIA
12 1 (0.012%) Fireworks
12 1 (0.012%) GIMP
12 1 (0.012%) Stata
12 1 (0.012%) Windchill
Business Applications
1 40 (0.50%) Remedy ITSM
2 22 (0.27%) ION MarketView
3 17 (0.21%) Magento
3 17 (0.21%) Maximo
4 14 (0.17%) Oracle BPM
5 12 (0.15%) Oracle EBS
6 11 (0.14%) Oracle Applications
6 11 (0.14%) Salesforce.com CRM
7 9 (0.11%) Oracle Utilities
7 9 (0.11%) Siebel CRM
8 8 (0.100%) Dynamics CRM
9 7 (0.087%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
9 7 (0.087%) Payment Gateway
9 7 (0.087%) Sentinel
10 6 (0.075%) Remedy AR System
11 5 (0.062%) Dynamics AX
11 5 (0.062%) HFM
11 5 (0.062%) Oracle Cash Management
11 5 (0.062%) Oracle EBS R12
11 5 (0.062%) Oracle Retail
Cloud Services
1 2,314 (28.87%) Amazon AWS
2 989 (12.34%) Microsoft Azure
3 404 (5.04%) Amazon EC2
4 394 (4.92%) GitHub
5 366 (4.57%) AWS CloudFormation
6 332 (4.14%) PaaS
7 327 (4.08%) IaaS
8 315 (3.93%) Google Cloud Platform
9 255 (3.18%) Amazon S3
10 215 (2.68%) Virtual Private Cloud
11 202 (2.52%) OpenShift
12 197 (2.46%) Cloud Computing
13 184 (2.30%) Serverless
14 155 (1.93%) Office 365
15 150 (1.87%) SaaS
16 145 (1.81%) Amazon CloudWatch
17 132 (1.65%) AWS Lambda
18 125 (1.56%) Datadog
19 119 (1.48%) Route 53
20 103 (1.29%) Amazon ELB
Communications & Networking
1 656 (8.19%) Firewall
2 586 (7.31%) HTTP
3 585 (7.30%) TCP/IP
4 554 (6.91%) DNS
5 366 (4.57%) SSL
6 266 (3.32%) VPN
7 230 (2.87%) SAN
8 220 (2.75%) DHCP
9 190 (2.37%) LAN
10 184 (2.30%) WAN
11 171 (2.13%) Internet
12 136 (1.70%) FTP
13 126 (1.57%) Network Security
14 107 (1.34%) IPsec
15 106 (1.32%) Kerberos
16 97 (1.21%) Wireless
17 87 (1.09%) NAS
18 78 (0.97%) SSH
19 72 (0.90%) MPLS
20 70 (0.87%) Wi-Fi
Database & Business Intelligence
1 755 (9.42%) MySQL
2 686 (8.56%) SQL Server
3 572 (7.14%) MongoDB
4 542 (6.76%) PostgreSQL
5 507 (6.33%) Relational Database
6 466 (5.81%) Hadoop
7 454 (5.67%) NoSQL
8 440 (5.49%) Big Data
9 282 (3.52%) Oracle Database
10 188 (2.35%) Amazon RDS
11 179 (2.23%) Apache Cassandra
12 146 (1.82%) RDBMS
13 141 (1.76%) HBase
14 124 (1.55%) Apache Hive
15 118 (1.47%) Redis
16 96 (1.20%) Oracle Database 12c
17 87 (1.09%) DB2
18 86 (1.07%) Oracle Database 11g
19 79 (0.99%) Data Warehouse
20 75 (0.94%) Amazon Redshift
Development Applications
1 1,930 (24.08%) Jenkins
2 1,810 (22.59%) Git (software)
3 780 (9.73%) JIRA
4 455 (5.68%) Maven
5 450 (5.62%) Subversion
6 354 (4.42%) Selenium
7 325 (4.06%) GitLab
8 321 (4.01%) Cucumber
9 295 (3.68%) Sonatype Nexus
10 266 (3.32%) JUnit
11 236 (2.94%) Artifactory
12 229 (2.86%) Atlassian Bamboo
13 203 (2.53%) TeamCity
14 194 (2.42%) Bitbucket
15 169 (2.11%) Gradle
16 143 (1.78%) Ant
17 131 (1.63%) Hudson
18 128 (1.60%) Vagrant
19 121 (1.51%) Eclipse
20 116 (1.45%) SonarQube
General
1 1,223 (15.26%) Finance
2 576 (7.19%) Banking
3 234 (2.92%) Front Office
4 195 (2.43%) Telecoms
5 164 (2.05%) Investment Banking
6 159 (1.98%) Retail
7 113 (1.41%) Manufacturing
8 108 (1.35%) Marketing
9 97 (1.21%) Electronics
10 77 (0.96%) Financial Institution
11 67 (0.84%) Publishing
12 58 (0.72%) Back Office
13 56 (0.70%) Law
14 51 (0.64%) Aerospace
14 51 (0.64%) Games
15 45 (0.56%) Legal
16 38 (0.47%) Advertising
17 36 (0.45%) Automotive
18 28 (0.35%) Retail Banking
19 24 (0.30%) Military
Job Titles
1 1,773 (22.12%) Developer
2 1,771 (22.10%) DevOps Engineer
3 595 (7.42%) Java Developer
4 583 (7.27%) Linux Engineer
5 571 (7.13%) Architect
6 566 (7.06%) AWS Engineer
7 460 (5.74%) AWS DevOps
8 445 (5.55%) Administrator
9 420 (5.24%) AWS DevOps Engineer
10 376 (4.69%) Analyst
11 331 (4.13%) Software Engineer
12 283 (3.53%) Infrastructure Engineer
13 278 (3.47%) Linux/Unix DevOps
14 264 (3.29%) Cloud Engineer
15 258 (3.22%) Consultant
16 235 (2.93%) Systems Administrator
17 221 (2.76%) Linux DevOps Engineer
18 185 (2.31%) Linux Administrator
19 172 (2.15%) Senior DevOps
20 171 (2.13%) Python Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 668 (8.34%) Web Services
2 577 (7.20%) HTML
3 564 (7.04%) Spring
4 525 (6.55%) REST
5 483 (6.03%) JSON
6 470 (5.86%) Middleware
7 466 (5.81%) CSS
8 457 (5.70%) Node.js
9 389 (4.85%) XML
10 368 (4.59%) Elastic Stack
11 361 (4.50%) Kafka
12 350 (4.37%) RESTful
13 347 (4.33%) AngularJS
14 342 (4.27%) .NET
15 287 (3.58%) SOAP
16 273 (3.41%) React
17 263 (3.28%) J2EE
18 240 (2.99%) HTML5
19 238 (2.97%) Spring Boot
20 222 (2.77%) jQuery
Miscellaneous
1 473 (5.90%) Analytical Skills
2 410 (5.12%) Data Centre
3 306 (3.82%) Linux Command Line
4 228 (2.85%) Public Cloud
5 208 (2.60%) Greenfield Project
6 184 (2.30%) Self-Motivation
7 151 (1.88%) Management Information System
8 150 (1.87%) Clustering
9 123 (1.53%) Algorithms
10 112 (1.40%) Fixed Income
11 110 (1.37%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
12 103 (1.29%) User Experience
13 102 (1.27%) Hybrid Cloud
14 97 (1.21%) Enterprise Software
15 88 (1.10%) Cloud Native
16 85 (1.06%) Replication
17 84 (1.05%) PKI
18 81 (1.01%) Virtual Team
19 80 (1.00%) Fintech
20 76 (0.95%) Mobile App
Operating Systems
1 2,401 (29.96%) Windows
2 2,062 (25.73%) Unix
3 1,427 (17.81%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
4 700 (8.73%) Windows Server
5 633 (7.90%) CentOS
6 369 (4.60%) Ubuntu
7 307 (3.83%) Solaris
8 190 (2.37%) Windows Server 2012
9 154 (1.92%) AIX
10 151 (1.88%) Windows Server 2008
11 112 (1.40%) Android
12 106 (1.32%) Mac OS X
13 92 (1.15%) Windows 7
14 88 (1.10%) Windows 10
15 87 (1.09%) Embedded Linux
16 85 (1.06%) Debian
17 79 (0.99%) SUSE
18 78 (0.97%) Apple iOS
19 58 (0.72%) Windows Server 2003
20 55 (0.69%) CoreOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,864 (35.74%) DevOps
2 2,474 (30.87%) Agile Software Development
3 1,188 (14.82%) Configuration Management
4 1,186 (14.80%) Continuous Integration
5 897 (11.19%) Test Automation
6 798 (9.96%) Open Source
7 712 (8.88%) Problem-Solving
8 705 (8.80%) TDD
9 692 (8.63%) Scrum
10 690 (8.61%) Software Engineering
11 613 (7.65%) Microservices
12 551 (6.88%) Migration
13 535 (6.68%) ITIL
14 466 (5.81%) BDD
15 452 (5.64%) Continuous Delivery
16 406 (5.07%) Deployment Automation
17 389 (4.85%) Infrastructure Engineering
18 356 (4.44%) OO
19 330 (4.12%) Kanban
20 319 (3.98%) Computer Science
Programming Languages
1 2,386 (29.77%) Python
2 2,145 (26.77%) Java
3 1,462 (18.24%) SQL
4 1,099 (13.71%) Bash Shell
5 1,015 (12.67%) JavaScript
6 783 (9.77%) Perl
7 762 (9.51%) Ruby
8 606 (7.56%) C++
9 594 (7.41%) Shell Script
10 539 (6.73%) PowerShell
11 413 (5.15%) C#
12 370 (4.62%) PHP
13 366 (4.57%) C
14 281 (3.51%) Scala
15 249 (3.11%) Go
16 198 (2.47%) Java 8
17 155 (1.93%) Groovy
18 138 (1.72%) PL/SQL
19 94 (1.17%) R
20 70 (0.87%) TypeScript
Qualifications
1 1,185 (14.79%) Security Cleared
2 938 (11.70%) SC Cleared
3 490 (6.11%) Degree
4 169 (2.11%) DV Cleared
5 134 (1.67%) AWS Certification
6 130 (1.62%) Computer Science Degree
7 126 (1.57%) Cisco Certification
8 113 (1.41%) BPSS Clearance
9 105 (1.31%) RHCE
10 76 (0.95%) CCNP
11 67 (0.84%) Microsoft Certification
12 63 (0.79%) CCNA
13 51 (0.64%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
14 43 (0.54%) CISSP
14 43 (0.54%) ISTQB
15 42 (0.52%) MCSE
16 38 (0.47%) ISEB
17 32 (0.40%) Master's Degree
18 30 (0.37%) ITIL Certification
19 29 (0.36%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 229 (2.86%) QA
2 75 (0.94%) SLA
3 70 (0.87%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 59 (0.74%) PCI DSS
5 52 (0.65%) GDPR
6 49 (0.61%) Data Quality
7 28 (0.35%) Sarbanes-Oxley
8 27 (0.34%) JSP 440
9 24 (0.30%) HMG Infosec
9 24 (0.30%) HMG Security Policy Framework
10 14 (0.17%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
10 14 (0.17%) MiFID
11 10 (0.12%) Disclosure Scotland
12 9 (0.11%) COBIT
12 9 (0.11%) ISO 9001
13 8 (0.100%) ISAE 3402
13 8 (0.100%) ISO 22301
13 8 (0.100%) ISO 31000
13 8 (0.100%) ISO/IEC 27005
14 7 (0.087%) Cyber Essentials
System Software
1 1,771 (22.10%) Docker
2 659 (8.22%) Active Directory
3 606 (7.56%) VMware Infrastructure
4 178 (2.22%) Virtual Machines
5 159 (1.98%) Hyper-V
6 150 (1.87%) vSphere
7 146 (1.82%) VMware ESXi
8 111 (1.39%) HDFS
9 98 (1.22%) Apache ZooKeeper
10 96 (1.20%) Oracle RAC
11 93 (1.16%) NFS
12 79 (0.99%) XenApp
13 74 (0.92%) Xen
14 70 (0.87%) Virtual Servers
15 62 (0.77%) KVM
16 52 (0.65%) VirtualBox
17 48 (0.60%) Firmware
18 44 (0.55%) XenDesktop
19 33 (0.41%) etcd
19 33 (0.41%) vCloud
Systems Management
1 1,881 (23.47%) Ansible
2 1,554 (19.39%) Puppet
3 1,245 (15.54%) Terraform
4 1,053 (13.14%) Kubernetes
5 942 (11.75%) Opscode Chef
6 248 (3.09%) Nagios
7 210 (2.62%) Grafana
8 194 (2.42%) Kibana
9 174 (2.17%) Packer
10 164 (2.05%) Prometheus
11 157 (1.96%) SCCM
12 147 (1.83%) Docker Swarm
13 122 (1.52%) Salt
14 120 (1.50%) ZABBIX
15 118 (1.47%) logstash
16 111 (1.39%) Hadoop YARN
17 99 (1.24%) SCOM
18 88 (1.10%) Rancher
19 82 (1.02%) HAProxy
20 80 (1.00%) Consul
Vendors
1 1,256 (15.67%) Red Hat
2 1,171 (14.61%) Oracle
3 1,008 (12.58%) VMware
4 799 (9.97%) Microsoft
5 521 (6.50%) Google
6 420 (5.24%) Cisco
7 402 (5.02%) Splunk
8 299 (3.73%) IBM
9 218 (2.72%) Atlassian
10 203 (2.53%) HP
11 191 (2.38%) Citrix
12 151 (1.88%) NetApp
13 148 (1.85%) SAP
14 128 (1.60%) Sybase
15 113 (1.41%) ServiceNow
16 100 (1.25%) EMC
17 99 (1.24%) F5
18 92 (1.15%) Qualys
19 87 (1.09%) New Relic
20 80 (1.00%) Juniper