Period
to 20 November 2017

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Linux skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Linux over the 6 months to 20 November 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Linux
UK > England
6 months to
20 Nov 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 12 11 17
Rank change year-on-year -1 +6 0
Contract jobs citing Linux 8517 9195 8287
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 9.06% 9.52% 7.93%
As % of the Operating Systems category 43.20% 44.14% 36.61%
Number of daily rates quoted 5620 6228 5384
England median daily rate £475 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +5.59%
10th Percentile £320 £310 £290
90th Percentile £638 £600 £600
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £425
% change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 249 197 313
England median hourly rate £41.00 £40.00 £37.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +2.50% +6.67% +10.29%
10th Percentile £25.00 £17.30 £18.30
90th Percentile £50.25 £50.00 £50.00
UK median hourly rate £40.65 £40.00 £37.50
% change year-on-year +1.63% +6.67% +10.29%

Linux is in the Operating Systems category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for operating system skills.

All Operating Systems
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills 19716 20830 22634
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 20.96% 21.56% 21.66%
Number of daily rates quoted 12689 13296 13488
England median daily rate £425 £410 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +3.66% +2.50% +6.67%
10th Percentile £175 £200 £188
90th Percentile £600 £575 £572
UK median daily rate £425 £400 £390
% change year-on-year +6.25% +2.56% +4.00%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1197 1178 1836
England median hourly rate £17.50 £16.50 £16.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +6.06% - +6.45%
10th Percentile £11.00 £10.75 £10.50
90th Percentile £47.83 £43.75 £42.25
UK median hourly rate £17.50 £16.29 £16.50
% change year-on-year +7.43% -1.27% +4.90%

Linux
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Linux as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Linux in England

Linux
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Linux in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for Linux in England

Linux
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Linux in England over the 6 months to 20 November 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Linux in England

Linux
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Linux in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Linux in England

Linux
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Linux in England over the 6 months to 20 November 2017.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Linux in England

Linux
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Linux within the England region over the 6 months to 20 November 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -1 4477 £515 +8.42% 637
South East +1 1698 £433 +1.76% 255
North of England -1 952 £425 +3.03% 200
Midlands -2 514 £423 -0.59% 124
East of England -1 450 £425 +13.33% 149
North West -5 421 £425 - 115
South West +2 397 £420 +5.00% 94
Yorkshire -3 345 £450 +2.86% 74
West Midlands -1 274 £475 +10.47% 77
East Midlands +3 234 £375 -10.18% 47
North East +3 204 £375 +10.29% 11
Linux
UK

For the 6 months to 20 November 2017, IT contractor jobs citing Linux also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads across the England region with a requirement for Linux.

1 2715 (31.88%) Unix
2 2611 (30.66%) Java
3 2576 (30.25%) DevOps
4 2446 (28.72%) Python
5 2415 (28.36%) Windows
6 2395 (28.12%) Agile Software Development
7 1940 (22.78%) Amazon AWS
8 1758 (20.64%) Jenkins
9 1757 (20.63%) Git (software)
10 1642 (19.28%) SQL
11 1603 (18.82%) Puppet
12 1502 (17.64%) Ansible
13 1462 (17.17%) Finance
14 1457 (17.11%) Docker
15 1387 (16.29%) Oracle
16 1385 (16.26%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
17 1292 (15.17%) Red Hat
18 1246 (14.63%) Continuous Integration
19 1177 (13.82%) Configuration Management
20 1084 (12.73%) Bash Shell
21 1061 (12.46%) Security Cleared
22 1049 (12.32%) JavaScript
23 1046 (12.28%) VMware
24 864 (10.14%) MySQL
25 859 (10.09%) Banking
26 836 (9.82%) Web Services
27 834 (9.79%) Perl
28 833 (9.78%) Scrum
29 825 (9.69%) Opscode Chef
30 812 (9.53%) SC Cleared

Linux
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 708 (8.31%) Apache
2 533 (6.26%) Tomcat
3 471 (5.53%) Confluence
4 356 (4.18%) JBoss
5 317 (3.72%) Elasticsearch
6 316 (3.71%) OpenStack
7 291 (3.42%) nginx
8 283 (3.32%) Apache Spark
9 256 (3.01%) WebLogic
10 207 (2.43%) IIS
11 204 (2.40%) WebSphere
12 104 (1.22%) Cloud Foundry
13 101 (1.19%) Oracle SOA Suite
14 90 (1.06%) SAS
15 81 (0.95%) MS Exchange
16 78 (0.92%) SharePoint
17 64 (0.75%) CMS
18 61 (0.72%) Apache Solr
19 53 (0.62%) Oracle Application Server
20 50 (0.59%) iPlanet
Applications
1 74 (0.87%) Microsoft Office
2 60 (0.70%) Microsoft Excel
3 34 (0.40%) MS Visio
4 31 (0.36%) HipChat
5 25 (0.29%) Photoshop
6 20 (0.23%) Microsoft Project
7 12 (0.14%) Chatbot
8 10 (0.12%) Microsoft PowerPoint
8 10 (0.12%) Pipeline Pilot
9 8 (0.094%) Adobe Illustrator
9 8 (0.094%) Houdini
9 8 (0.094%) Maya
9 8 (0.094%) NUKE
9 8 (0.094%) Simulink
10 6 (0.070%) Spreadsheet
11 5 (0.059%) SPSS
12 4 (0.047%) Doxygen
13 3 (0.035%) InVision
14 2 (0.023%) Fireworks
14 2 (0.023%) OrCAD
Business Applications
1 47 (0.55%) ION MarketView
2 30 (0.35%) SAP ERP
3 26 (0.31%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
4 23 (0.27%) Oracle Applications
5 21 (0.25%) Oracle BPM
6 19 (0.22%) Dynamics CRM
7 18 (0.21%) Temenos T24
8 16 (0.19%) Magento
9 15 (0.18%) BusinessWorks
10 13 (0.15%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
11 12 (0.14%) Oracle EBS
12 11 (0.13%) Oracle 11i
12 11 (0.13%) Remedy ITSM
13 10 (0.12%) Markit EDM
13 10 (0.12%) Oracle Retail
14 9 (0.11%) Oracle EBS R12
15 8 (0.094%) RMDS
16 7 (0.082%) Maximo
17 5 (0.059%) Kondor
17 5 (0.059%) Payment Gateway
Cloud Services
1 1940 (22.78%) Amazon AWS
2 691 (8.11%) Microsoft Azure
3 336 (3.95%) GitHub
4 315 (3.70%) Amazon EC2
5 248 (2.91%) Amazon S3
6 244 (2.86%) AWS CloudFormation
7 226 (2.65%) IaaS
8 217 (2.55%) PaaS
9 167 (1.96%) Cloud Computing
9 167 (1.96%) Virtual Private Cloud
10 156 (1.83%) OpenShift
11 125 (1.47%) Serverless
12 122 (1.43%) Google Cloud Platform
12 122 (1.43%) SaaS
13 120 (1.41%) Route 53
14 110 (1.29%) Amazon CloudWatch
15 109 (1.28%) Office 365
16 107 (1.26%) AWS Lambda
17 91 (1.07%) Amazon ELB
18 81 (0.95%) Slack
Communications & Networking
1 735 (8.63%) Firewall
2 686 (8.05%) TCP/IP
3 517 (6.07%) HTTP
4 507 (5.95%) DNS
5 418 (4.91%) SAN
6 345 (4.05%) SSL
7 265 (3.11%) VPN
8 239 (2.81%) WAN
9 232 (2.72%) LDAP
10 224 (2.63%) LAN
11 188 (2.21%) DHCP
12 181 (2.13%) Network Security
13 173 (2.03%) Internet
14 147 (1.73%) NAS
15 111 (1.30%) SSH
16 110 (1.29%) Wireless
17 104 (1.22%) Kerberos
18 84 (0.99%) Fibre Channel
18 84 (0.99%) VoIP
19 63 (0.74%) IPsec
Database & Business Intelligence
1 864 (10.14%) MySQL
2 604 (7.09%) Relational Database
3 580 (6.81%) SQL Server
4 569 (6.68%) MongoDB
5 547 (6.42%) PostgreSQL
6 464 (5.45%) NoSQL
7 462 (5.42%) Hadoop
8 420 (4.93%) Big Data
9 337 (3.96%) Oracle Database
10 222 (2.61%) RDBMS
11 207 (2.43%) Apache Cassandra
12 201 (2.36%) HBase
13 178 (2.09%) Amazon RDS
14 162 (1.90%) DB2
15 136 (1.60%) Apache Hive
16 131 (1.54%) Redis
17 100 (1.17%) Data Warehouse
18 84 (0.99%) KDB
19 76 (0.89%) Amazon DynamoDB
20 72 (0.85%) Oracle Database 11g
Development Applications
1 1758 (20.64%) Jenkins
2 1757 (20.63%) Git (software)
3 792 (9.30%) JIRA
4 563 (6.61%) Maven
5 488 (5.73%) Subversion
6 320 (3.76%) JUnit
7 305 (3.58%) Sonatype Nexus
8 255 (2.99%) TeamCity
9 205 (2.41%) Cucumber
10 203 (2.38%) Bitbucket
11 187 (2.20%) Artifactory
12 178 (2.09%) Selenium
13 176 (2.07%) IntelliJ
14 175 (2.05%) GitLab
15 158 (1.86%) Atlassian Bamboo
16 142 (1.67%) Ant
17 138 (1.62%) Gradle
18 132 (1.55%) Mockito
19 128 (1.50%) Eclipse
20 126 (1.48%) Vagrant
General
1 1462 (17.17%) Finance
2 859 (10.09%) Banking
3 306 (3.59%) Investment Banking
4 304 (3.57%) Telecoms
5 298 (3.50%) Front Office
6 188 (2.21%) Retail
7 166 (1.95%) Marketing
8 143 (1.68%) Electronics
9 123 (1.44%) Manufacturing
10 91 (1.07%) Games
11 86 (1.01%) Financial Institution
12 57 (0.67%) Legal
13 54 (0.63%) Retail Banking
14 50 (0.59%) Publishing
15 39 (0.46%) Back Office
16 34 (0.40%) Pharmaceutical
17 33 (0.39%) Advertising
18 31 (0.36%) Automotive
19 29 (0.34%) Law
20 25 (0.29%) Billing
Job Titles
1 2249 (26.41%) Developer
2 1594 (18.72%) DevOps Engineer
3 796 (9.35%) Java Developer
3 796 (9.35%) Linux Engineer
4 619 (7.27%) Administrator
5 560 (6.58%) AWS Engineer
6 499 (5.86%) AWS DevOps
7 441 (5.18%) Consultant
8 438 (5.14%) AWS DevOps Engineer
9 432 (5.07%) Architect
10 431 (5.06%) Linux/Unix DevOps
11 407 (4.78%) Analyst
12 366 (4.30%) Systems Administrator
13 351 (4.12%) Linux DevOps Engineer
14 314 (3.69%) C++ Developer
15 300 (3.52%) Linux Administrator
16 278 (3.26%) Senior Developer
17 271 (3.18%) Software Engineer
18 256 (3.01%) Cloud Engineer
19 244 (2.86%) Infrastructure Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 836 (9.82%) Web Services
2 729 (8.56%) HTML
3 648 (7.61%) REST
4 645 (7.57%) CSS
5 542 (6.36%) Spring
6 507 (5.95%) XML
7 492 (5.78%) Node.js
8 490 (5.75%) JSON
9 475 (5.58%) Middleware
10 406 (4.77%) RESTful
11 382 (4.49%) AngularJS
12 342 (4.02%) Elastic Stack
13 329 (3.86%) HTML5
14 326 (3.83%) .NET
15 296 (3.48%) J2EE
16 284 (3.33%) Kafka
17 273 (3.21%) SOAP
18 251 (2.95%) jQuery
19 218 (2.56%) Spring Boot
20 186 (2.18%) Hibernate
Miscellaneous
1 529 (6.21%) Analytical Skills
2 395 (4.64%) Data Centre
3 345 (4.05%) Computer Science
4 265 (3.11%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
5 245 (2.88%) Linux Command Line
6 229 (2.69%) Clustering
7 185 (2.17%) Public Cloud
8 183 (2.15%) Greenfield Project
9 148 (1.74%) Replication
10 144 (1.69%) User Experience
11 128 (1.50%) Algorithms
12 121 (1.42%) Management Information System
13 117 (1.37%) Enterprise Software
13 117 (1.37%) PKI
14 111 (1.30%) Data Structures
15 103 (1.21%) Fixed Income
16 94 (1.10%) Fintech
17 88 (1.03%) Equities
17 88 (1.03%) Private Cloud
18 77 (0.90%) Derivative
Operating Systems
1 2715 (31.88%) Unix
2 2415 (28.36%) Windows
3 1385 (16.26%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
4 628 (7.37%) Solaris
5 622 (7.30%) Windows Server
6 567 (6.66%) CentOS
7 393 (4.61%) AIX
8 372 (4.37%) Ubuntu
9 271 (3.18%) Windows Server 2012
10 188 (2.21%) Windows Server 2008
11 174 (2.04%) Mac OS X
12 151 (1.77%) SUSE
13 123 (1.44%) HPUX
14 104 (1.22%) Debian
15 98 (1.15%) Windows 7
16 97 (1.14%) Android
17 92 (1.08%) Windows Server 2003
18 83 (0.97%) Windows 10
19 76 (0.89%) Apple iOS
20 74 (0.87%) Mac OS
Processes & Methodologies
1 2576 (30.25%) DevOps
2 2395 (28.12%) Agile Software Development
3 1246 (14.63%) Continuous Integration
4 1177 (13.82%) Configuration Management
5 833 (9.78%) Scrum
6 777 (9.12%) Test Automation
7 774 (9.09%) Open Source
8 766 (8.99%) TDD
9 665 (7.81%) Software Engineering
10 621 (7.29%) Microservices
11 519 (6.09%) Continuous Delivery
12 503 (5.91%) Migration
13 477 (5.60%) ITIL
14 409 (4.80%) OO
15 374 (4.39%) Load Balancing
16 369 (4.33%) Mentoring
17 361 (4.24%) BDD
18 336 (3.95%) High Availability
19 331 (3.89%) SDLC
20 330 (3.87%) Analytics
Programming Languages
1 2611 (30.66%) Java
2 2446 (28.72%) Python
3 1642 (19.28%) SQL
4 1084 (12.73%) Bash Shell
5 1049 (12.32%) JavaScript
6 834 (9.79%) Perl
7 776 (9.11%) Ruby
8 736 (8.64%) Shell Script
9 718 (8.43%) C++
10 420 (4.93%) C
11 418 (4.91%) PowerShell
12 387 (4.54%) PHP
13 352 (4.13%) Scala
14 309 (3.63%) C#
15 250 (2.94%) Go
16 206 (2.42%) PL/SQL
17 194 (2.28%) Korn
18 146 (1.71%) Groovy
19 88 (1.03%) Embedded C
20 78 (0.92%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 1061 (12.46%) Security Cleared
2 812 (9.53%) SC Cleared
3 503 (5.91%) Degree
4 135 (1.59%) Computer Science Degree
5 111 (1.30%) CISSP
5 111 (1.30%) DV Cleared
6 95 (1.12%) Cisco Certification
7 86 (1.01%) Microsoft Certification
8 73 (0.86%) AWS Certification
9 66 (0.77%) BPSS Clearance
9 66 (0.77%) RHCE
10 60 (0.70%) CISM
11 59 (0.69%) MCSE
12 50 (0.59%) CCNA
13 48 (0.56%) CCNP
14 41 (0.48%) PhD
15 31 (0.36%) ITIL Certification
15 31 (0.36%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
16 30 (0.35%) ISEB
17 28 (0.33%) MCSA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 270 (3.17%) QA
2 86 (1.01%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 84 (0.99%) SLA
4 64 (0.75%) PCI DSS
5 52 (0.61%) MiFID
6 44 (0.52%) Sarbanes-Oxley
7 35 (0.41%) Disclosure Scotland
8 33 (0.39%) Data Quality
9 28 (0.33%) GCP
10 25 (0.29%) GDPR
11 20 (0.23%) HIPAA
12 17 (0.20%) Actionable Recommendations
13 13 (0.15%) MISRA
14 12 (0.14%) COBIT
14 12 (0.14%) GPG13
14 12 (0.14%) TARGET2
15 11 (0.13%) NIST 800
16 10 (0.12%) JSP 440
17 9 (0.11%) PMO
18 8 (0.094%) AIFMD
System Software
1 1457 (17.11%) Docker
2 539 (6.33%) Active Directory
3 498 (5.85%) VMware Infrastructure
4 209 (2.45%) Virtual Machines
5 194 (2.28%) VMware ESXi
6 170 (2.00%) Hyper-V
7 132 (1.55%) HDFS
8 131 (1.54%) vSphere
9 113 (1.33%) NFS
10 104 (1.22%) KVM
11 77 (0.90%) Samba
12 73 (0.86%) Veritas Cluster Server
13 71 (0.83%) vCloud
14 66 (0.77%) Xen
15 61 (0.72%) Apache ZooKeeper
16 60 (0.70%) Apache Flume
17 54 (0.63%) Oracle RAC
18 50 (0.59%) Firmware
19 49 (0.58%) Veritas Volume Manager
20 46 (0.54%) LXC
Systems Management
1 1603 (18.82%) Puppet
2 1502 (17.64%) Ansible
3 825 (9.69%) Opscode Chef
4 698 (8.20%) Terraform
5 647 (7.60%) Kubernetes
6 234 (2.75%) logstash
7 212 (2.49%) Nagios
8 208 (2.44%) Kibana
9 153 (1.80%) Grafana
10 121 (1.42%) NetBackup
10 121 (1.42%) ZABBIX
11 112 (1.32%) Prometheus
12 104 (1.22%) Packer
13 93 (1.09%) SCCM
14 91 (1.07%) Salt
15 82 (0.96%) Rancher
16 66 (0.77%) Tivoli Storage Manager
17 64 (0.75%) Mesos
18 62 (0.73%) Hadoop YARN
18 62 (0.73%) SCOM
Vendors
1 1387 (16.29%) Oracle
2 1292 (15.17%) Red Hat
3 1046 (12.28%) VMware
4 636 (7.47%) Microsoft
5 435 (5.11%) Cisco
6 407 (4.78%) IBM
7 338 (3.97%) HP
8 331 (3.89%) Splunk
9 233 (2.74%) Citrix
10 226 (2.65%) Google
11 219 (2.57%) Sybase
12 188 (2.21%) Atlassian
13 178 (2.09%) Veritas
14 177 (2.08%) SAP
15 172 (2.02%) EMC
16 169 (1.98%) TIBCO
17 163 (1.91%) F5
18 159 (1.87%) Sun
19 153 (1.80%) NetApp
20 121 (1.42%) Juniper