Period
to 16 January 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Linux skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Linux over the 6 months to 16 January 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Linux
UK > England
6 months to
16 Jan 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 12 11 17
Rank change year-on-year -1 +6 +1
Contract jobs citing Linux 8,056 8,434 8,202
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 8.73% 9.40% 8.35%
As % of the Operating Systems category 42.05% 44.53% 38.73%
Number of daily rates quoted 5,407 5,733 5,376
England median daily rate £488 £450 £438
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +8.33% +2.86% +5.42%
10th Percentile £325 £313 £300
90th Percentile £645 £613 £600
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £425
% change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +3.03%
Number of hourly rates quoted 216 193 316
England median hourly rate £41.15 £40.00 £37.75
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +2.88% +5.96% +7.86%
10th Percentile £21.63 £20.75 £19.88
90th Percentile £50.88 £50.00 £52.38
UK median hourly rate £41.00 £40.00 £38.00
% change year-on-year +2.50% +5.26% +8.57%

Linux is in the Operating Systems category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for operating system skills.

All Operating Systems
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills 19,156 18,939 21,178
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 20.75% 21.10% 21.55%
Number of daily rates quoted 12,392 12,039 12,627
England median daily rate £425 £413 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +3.03% +3.13% +6.67%
10th Percentile £171 £200 £185
90th Percentile £613 £575 £575
UK median daily rate £425 £401 £400
% change year-on-year +6.12% +0.13% +6.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,152 1,125 1,705
England median hourly rate £17.50 £16.50 £16.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +6.06% - +3.13%
10th Percentile £11.00 £10.61 £10.50
90th Percentile £47.83 £45.00 £43.75
UK median hourly rate £17.50 £16.50 £16.50
% change year-on-year +6.06% - +3.13%

Linux
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Linux as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Linux in England

Linux
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Linux in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for Linux in England

Linux
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Linux in England over the 6 months to 16 January 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Linux in England

Linux
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Linux in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Linux in England

Linux
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Linux in England over the 6 months to 16 January 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Linux in England

Linux
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Linux within the England region over the 6 months to 16 January 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -2 4,311 £525 +7.69% 1,136
South East +1 1,600 £450 +4.29% 528
North of England -3 893 £425 +3.03% 424
Midlands 0 499 £425 - 245
North West -6 407 £425 - 250
South West +5 374 £425 +6.25% 217
East of England -3 363 £425 +13.33% 306
Yorkshire -2 336 £450 - 140
West Midlands 0 270 £450 +2.56% 146
East Midlands +9 221 £392 -2.00% 98
North East +2 166 £414 +18.21% 34
Linux
UK

For the 6 months to 16 January 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Linux also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads across the England region with a requirement for Linux.

1 2,579 (32.01%) DevOps
2 2,515 (31.22%) Java
3 2,442 (30.31%) Unix
4 2,309 (28.66%) Windows
5 2,276 (28.25%) Agile Software Development
6 2,271 (28.19%) Python
7 1,954 (24.26%) Amazon AWS
8 1,782 (22.12%) Jenkins
9 1,682 (20.88%) Git (software)
10 1,560 (19.36%) Puppet
11 1,553 (19.28%) SQL
12 1,523 (18.91%) Ansible
13 1,449 (17.99%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
14 1,447 (17.96%) Docker
15 1,400 (17.38%) Finance
16 1,244 (15.44%) Red Hat
17 1,230 (15.27%) Oracle
18 1,156 (14.35%) Continuous Integration
19 1,085 (13.47%) Bash Shell
20 1,080 (13.41%) Configuration Management
21 1,000 (12.41%) JavaScript
22 983 (12.20%) Security Cleared
23 945 (11.73%) VMware
24 847 (10.51%) Opscode Chef
25 819 (10.17%) Web Services
26 811 (10.07%) Banking
27 780 (9.68%) Perl
28 763 (9.47%) Ruby
29 756 (9.38%) MySQL
30 748 (9.29%) JIRA

Linux
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 673 (8.35%) Apache
2 501 (6.22%) Tomcat
3 475 (5.90%) Confluence
4 314 (3.90%) Elasticsearch
5 302 (3.75%) Apache Spark
6 301 (3.74%) JBoss
7 291 (3.61%) nginx
8 259 (3.21%) OpenStack
9 206 (2.56%) WebLogic
10 189 (2.35%) IIS
11 177 (2.20%) WebSphere
12 121 (1.50%) Oracle SOA Suite
13 79 (0.98%) Cloud Foundry
14 77 (0.96%) SAS
15 70 (0.87%) MS Exchange
16 67 (0.83%) SharePoint
17 57 (0.71%) Apache Solr
18 51 (0.63%) CMS
19 40 (0.50%) Adobe Experience Manager
20 38 (0.47%) Jetty
Applications
1 82 (1.02%) Microsoft Office
2 56 (0.70%) Microsoft Excel
3 35 (0.43%) MS Visio
4 27 (0.34%) HipChat
5 17 (0.21%) Photoshop
6 13 (0.16%) Microsoft Project
7 12 (0.15%) Chatbot
8 10 (0.12%) Microsoft PowerPoint
8 10 (0.12%) Pipeline Pilot
9 8 (0.099%) Simulink
10 7 (0.087%) Houdini
10 7 (0.087%) Maya
10 7 (0.087%) NUKE
10 7 (0.087%) Spreadsheet
11 5 (0.062%) Adobe Illustrator
12 3 (0.037%) Doxygen
12 3 (0.037%) InVision
13 2 (0.025%) Fireworks
13 2 (0.025%) SPSS
14 1 (0.012%) Stateflow
Business Applications
1 42 (0.52%) ION MarketView
2 30 (0.37%) Oracle BPM
3 28 (0.35%) Oracle Applications
4 20 (0.25%) Magento
4 20 (0.25%) Temenos T24
5 17 (0.21%) Dynamics CRM
6 14 (0.17%) Oracle EBS
7 12 (0.15%) BusinessWorks
7 12 (0.15%) Oracle 11i
8 11 (0.14%) Remedy ITSM
9 10 (0.12%) Markit EDM
10 9 (0.11%) Oracle EBS R12
10 9 (0.11%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
10 9 (0.11%) SAP ERP
11 8 (0.099%) Oracle Retail
11 8 (0.099%) Payment Gateway
11 8 (0.099%) RMDS
12 7 (0.087%) SAP Hybris
12 7 (0.087%) Siebel CRM
13 6 (0.074%) Oracle Utilities
Cloud Services
1 1,954 (24.26%) Amazon AWS
2 733 (9.10%) Microsoft Azure
3 339 (4.21%) Amazon EC2
4 298 (3.70%) GitHub
5 258 (3.20%) Amazon S3
6 242 (3.00%) IaaS
7 237 (2.94%) AWS CloudFormation
8 225 (2.79%) PaaS
9 194 (2.41%) Virtual Private Cloud
10 154 (1.91%) Cloud Computing
11 145 (1.80%) OpenShift
12 144 (1.79%) Serverless
13 139 (1.73%) Route 53
14 131 (1.63%) Amazon CloudWatch
15 130 (1.61%) AWS Lambda
16 129 (1.60%) Google Cloud Platform
17 117 (1.45%) SaaS
18 114 (1.42%) Office 365
19 109 (1.35%) Amazon ELB
20 96 (1.19%) Slack
Communications & Networking
1 675 (8.38%) Firewall
2 619 (7.68%) TCP/IP
3 457 (5.67%) DNS
4 435 (5.40%) HTTP
5 337 (4.18%) SAN
6 297 (3.69%) SSL
7 204 (2.53%) VPN
8 191 (2.37%) LDAP
9 171 (2.12%) DHCP
10 169 (2.10%) Internet
11 168 (2.09%) Network Security
12 163 (2.02%) WAN
13 144 (1.79%) LAN
14 119 (1.48%) NAS
15 110 (1.37%) Kerberos
16 106 (1.32%) Wireless
17 96 (1.19%) SSH
18 74 (0.92%) FTP
19 64 (0.79%) VLAN
20 63 (0.78%) VoIP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 756 (9.38%) MySQL
2 559 (6.94%) Relational Database
3 558 (6.93%) MongoDB
4 554 (6.88%) SQL Server
5 524 (6.50%) PostgreSQL
6 481 (5.97%) Hadoop
7 433 (5.37%) Big Data
8 432 (5.36%) NoSQL
9 332 (4.12%) Oracle Database
10 241 (2.99%) RDBMS
11 196 (2.43%) Apache Cassandra
12 191 (2.37%) Amazon RDS
12 191 (2.37%) HBase
13 157 (1.95%) DB2
14 149 (1.85%) Apache Hive
15 138 (1.71%) Redis
16 86 (1.07%) Data Warehouse
17 81 (1.01%) KDB
18 80 (0.99%) Oracle Database 11g
19 73 (0.91%) Oracle Database 12c
Development Applications
1 1,782 (22.12%) Jenkins
2 1,682 (20.88%) Git (software)
3 748 (9.29%) JIRA
4 543 (6.74%) Maven
5 429 (5.33%) Subversion
6 323 (4.01%) JUnit
7 297 (3.69%) Sonatype Nexus
8 257 (3.19%) TeamCity
9 207 (2.57%) Selenium
10 200 (2.48%) Bitbucket
11 196 (2.43%) Cucumber
12 170 (2.11%) Gradle
13 169 (2.10%) Artifactory
14 155 (1.92%) Ant
15 140 (1.74%) GitLab
16 135 (1.68%) Atlassian Bamboo
17 134 (1.66%) IntelliJ
17 134 (1.66%) Mockito
18 124 (1.54%) Eclipse
19 118 (1.46%) SonarQube
General
1 1,400 (17.38%) Finance
2 811 (10.07%) Banking
3 275 (3.41%) Investment Banking
4 263 (3.26%) Telecoms
5 243 (3.02%) Front Office
6 164 (2.04%) Retail
7 134 (1.66%) Marketing
8 117 (1.45%) Electronics
9 93 (1.15%) Manufacturing
10 84 (1.04%) Games
11 78 (0.97%) Financial Institution
12 46 (0.57%) Publishing
13 45 (0.56%) Retail Banking
14 41 (0.51%) Legal
15 36 (0.45%) Automotive
16 32 (0.40%) Advertising
17 30 (0.37%) Back Office
18 29 (0.36%) Law
19 22 (0.27%) Pharmaceutical
20 21 (0.26%) Billing
Job Titles
1 2,119 (26.30%) Developer
2 1,613 (20.02%) DevOps Engineer
3 758 (9.41%) Java Developer
4 696 (8.64%) Linux Engineer
5 572 (7.10%) AWS Engineer
6 550 (6.83%) Administrator
7 516 (6.41%) AWS DevOps
8 443 (5.50%) AWS DevOps Engineer
9 420 (5.21%) Architect
10 398 (4.94%) Linux/Unix DevOps
11 395 (4.90%) Analyst
12 391 (4.85%) Consultant
13 328 (4.07%) Linux DevOps Engineer
14 319 (3.96%) Systems Administrator
15 286 (3.55%) C++ Developer
16 273 (3.39%) Cloud Engineer
17 263 (3.26%) Senior Developer
18 256 (3.18%) Linux Administrator
19 252 (3.13%) Software Engineer
20 247 (3.07%) Senior DevOps
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 819 (10.17%) Web Services
2 650 (8.07%) HTML
3 611 (7.58%) REST
4 549 (6.81%) CSS
5 524 (6.50%) Spring
6 517 (6.42%) Node.js
7 474 (5.88%) XML
8 452 (5.61%) JSON
9 422 (5.24%) Middleware
10 378 (4.69%) AngularJS
11 364 (4.52%) RESTful
12 311 (3.86%) .NET
13 296 (3.67%) Kafka
14 283 (3.51%) HTML5
15 280 (3.48%) Elastic Stack
16 266 (3.30%) SOAP
17 256 (3.18%) J2EE
18 247 (3.07%) jQuery
19 187 (2.32%) LAMP
19 187 (2.32%) Spring Boot
Miscellaneous
1 516 (6.41%) Analytical Skills
2 365 (4.53%) Data Centre
3 332 (4.12%) Computer Science
4 266 (3.30%) Linux Command Line
5 247 (3.07%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
6 224 (2.78%) Public Cloud
7 218 (2.71%) Clustering
8 188 (2.33%) Greenfield Project
9 146 (1.81%) Replication
10 141 (1.75%) Management Information System
11 137 (1.70%) Algorithms
12 132 (1.64%) User Experience
13 123 (1.53%) Enterprise Software
14 108 (1.34%) Data Structures
15 96 (1.19%) Virtual Team
16 94 (1.17%) Fixed Income
16 94 (1.17%) PKI
17 84 (1.04%) Equities
17 84 (1.04%) Fintech
18 83 (1.03%) Derivative
Operating Systems
1 2,442 (30.31%) Unix
2 2,309 (28.66%) Windows
3 1,449 (17.99%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
4 597 (7.41%) CentOS
5 571 (7.09%) Windows Server
6 483 (6.00%) Solaris
7 329 (4.08%) Ubuntu
8 313 (3.89%) AIX
9 289 (3.59%) Windows Server 2012
10 188 (2.33%) Windows Server 2008
11 149 (1.85%) Mac OS X
12 122 (1.51%) SUSE
13 104 (1.29%) Windows 7
14 97 (1.20%) Windows Server 2003
15 94 (1.17%) HPUX
16 91 (1.13%) Android
17 88 (1.09%) Windows 10
18 82 (1.02%) Debian
19 62 (0.77%) Apple iOS
20 60 (0.74%) Embedded Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,579 (32.01%) DevOps
2 2,276 (28.25%) Agile Software Development
3 1,156 (14.35%) Continuous Integration
4 1,080 (13.41%) Configuration Management
5 742 (9.21%) Scrum
6 740 (9.19%) Test Automation
7 737 (9.15%) TDD
8 711 (8.83%) Open Source
9 585 (7.26%) Software Engineering
10 550 (6.83%) Microservices
11 533 (6.62%) Continuous Delivery
12 497 (6.17%) ITIL
13 471 (5.85%) Migration
14 393 (4.88%) OO
15 368 (4.57%) BDD
16 361 (4.48%) Mentoring
17 356 (4.42%) SDLC
18 335 (4.16%) Load Balancing
19 315 (3.91%) High Availability
20 307 (3.81%) Analytics
Programming Languages
1 2,515 (31.22%) Java
2 2,271 (28.19%) Python
3 1,553 (19.28%) SQL
4 1,085 (13.47%) Bash Shell
5 1,000 (12.41%) JavaScript
6 780 (9.68%) Perl
7 763 (9.47%) Ruby
8 712 (8.84%) Shell Script
9 704 (8.74%) C++
10 431 (5.35%) PowerShell
11 404 (5.01%) C
12 363 (4.51%) Scala
13 361 (4.48%) PHP
14 298 (3.70%) C#
15 206 (2.56%) Go
16 201 (2.50%) PL/SQL
17 188 (2.33%) Groovy
18 129 (1.60%) Korn
19 74 (0.92%) ES6
20 73 (0.91%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 983 (12.20%) Security Cleared
2 736 (9.14%) SC Cleared
3 501 (6.22%) Degree
4 141 (1.75%) Computer Science Degree
5 108 (1.34%) DV Cleared
6 97 (1.20%) CISSP
7 86 (1.07%) Cisco Certification
8 76 (0.94%) Microsoft Certification
9 72 (0.89%) AWS Certification
10 62 (0.77%) CISM
11 60 (0.74%) BPSS Clearance
12 54 (0.67%) MCSE
13 53 (0.66%) RHCE
14 39 (0.48%) CCNP
14 39 (0.48%) PhD
15 38 (0.47%) CCNA
16 29 (0.36%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
17 28 (0.35%) ITIL Certification
18 24 (0.30%) ISEB
18 24 (0.30%) MCSA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 276 (3.43%) QA
2 94 (1.17%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 80 (0.99%) SLA
4 70 (0.87%) PCI DSS
5 53 (0.66%) MiFID
6 42 (0.52%) Sarbanes-Oxley
7 38 (0.47%) GCP
8 30 (0.37%) Disclosure Scotland
9 29 (0.36%) GDPR
10 25 (0.31%) Data Quality
11 20 (0.25%) TARGET2
12 18 (0.22%) HIPAA
13 17 (0.21%) Actionable Recommendations
14 12 (0.15%) COBIT
14 12 (0.15%) ISO 9001
14 12 (0.15%) MISRA
14 12 (0.15%) PMO
15 9 (0.11%) EMIR
15 9 (0.11%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
16 8 (0.099%) AIFMD
System Software
1 1,447 (17.96%) Docker
2 489 (6.07%) Active Directory
3 470 (5.83%) VMware Infrastructure
4 209 (2.59%) Virtual Machines
5 196 (2.43%) VMware ESXi
6 170 (2.11%) HDFS
7 140 (1.74%) Hyper-V
8 122 (1.51%) vSphere
9 106 (1.32%) NFS
10 81 (1.01%) Apache ZooKeeper
11 70 (0.87%) Apache Flume
12 67 (0.83%) KVM
13 63 (0.78%) vCloud
14 61 (0.76%) Xen
15 54 (0.67%) Samba
16 48 (0.60%) XenApp
17 45 (0.56%) Veritas Cluster Server
18 40 (0.50%) Firmware
19 38 (0.47%) Oracle RAC
20 36 (0.45%) Veritas Volume Manager
Systems Management
1 1,560 (19.36%) Puppet
2 1,523 (18.91%) Ansible
3 847 (10.51%) Opscode Chef
4 719 (8.93%) Terraform
5 616 (7.65%) Kubernetes
6 227 (2.82%) logstash
7 215 (2.67%) Nagios
8 183 (2.27%) Kibana
9 152 (1.89%) Grafana
10 121 (1.50%) ZABBIX
11 97 (1.20%) Salt
12 92 (1.14%) Prometheus
12 92 (1.14%) SCCM
13 89 (1.10%) Packer
14 84 (1.04%) Hadoop YARN
14 84 (1.04%) NetBackup
15 78 (0.97%) SCOM
16 75 (0.93%) Rancher
17 72 (0.89%) Mesos
18 66 (0.82%) Tivoli
Vendors
1 1,244 (15.44%) Red Hat
2 1,230 (15.27%) Oracle
3 945 (11.73%) VMware
4 637 (7.91%) Microsoft
5 364 (4.52%) IBM
6 351 (4.36%) Splunk
7 350 (4.34%) Cisco
8 293 (3.64%) HP
9 225 (2.79%) Google
10 207 (2.57%) Citrix
11 192 (2.38%) Sybase
12 174 (2.16%) Atlassian
13 170 (2.11%) NetApp
14 149 (1.85%) EMC
15 146 (1.81%) TIBCO
16 142 (1.76%) F5
17 120 (1.49%) SAP
18 113 (1.40%) Veritas
19 108 (1.34%) Juniper
20 98 (1.22%) Sun