Period
to

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Linux skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Linux over the 6 months to 25 May 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Linux
UK > England
6 months to
25 May 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 28 29 21
Rank change year-on-year +1 -8 -4
Contract jobs citing Linux 4,530 2,975 2,979
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 6.43% 6.39% 6.96%
As % of the Operating Systems category 41.63% 40.26% 34.87%
Number of daily rates quoted 3,079 1,958 2,058
10th Percentile £401 £340 £325
25th Percentile £475 £410 £408
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £575 £500 £500
Median % change year-on-year +15.00% - -
75th Percentile £675 £600 £588
90th Percentile £750 £688 £660
UK median daily rate £575 £500 £490
% change year-on-year +15.00% +2.04% -2.00%
Number of hourly rates quoted 144 58 66
10th Percentile £26.15 £22.00 £20.88
25th Percentile £46.25 £39.63 £38.69
Median hourly rate £57.50 £50.00 £47.50
Median % change year-on-year +15.00% +5.26% +5.56%
75th Percentile £65.00 £61.94 £52.40
90th Percentile £75.00 £66.50 £56.25
UK median hourly rate £57.50 £50.00 £46.40
% change year-on-year +15.00% +7.76% +3.11%

Linux is in the Operating Systems category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for operating system skills.

All Operating Systems
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills 10,882 7,390 8,542
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 15.45% 15.87% 19.97%
Number of daily rates quoted 7,496 4,860 5,626
10th Percentile £174 £183 £150
25th Percentile £318 £330 £281
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £500 £450 £425
Median % change year-on-year +11.11% +5.88% -3.41%
75th Percentile £625 £550 £538
90th Percentile £700 £638 £625
UK median daily rate £500 £450 £425
% change year-on-year +11.11% +5.88% -1.16%
Number of hourly rates quoted 514 357 612
10th Percentile £13.25 £11.71 £11.63
25th Percentile £15.53 £13.50 £13.58
Median hourly rate £21.50 £17.50 £17.25
Median % change year-on-year +22.86% +1.45% +1.77%
75th Percentile £50.58 £41.00 £21.50
90th Percentile £65.00 £60.00 £47.24
UK median hourly rate £22.00 £17.50 £17.50
% change year-on-year +25.71% - +5.74%

Linux
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Linux as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Linux in England

Linux
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Linux in England.

Daily rate trend for Linux in England

Linux
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Linux in England over the 6 months to 25 May 2022.

Daily rate histogram for Linux in England

Linux
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Linux in England.

Hourly rate trend for Linux in England

Linux
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Linux in England over the 6 months to 25 May 2022.

Hourly rate histogram for Linux in England

Linux
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Linux within the England region over the 6 months to 25 May 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
London -3 2,401 £609 +13.30% 476
South East -5 568 £530 +14.59% 241
North of England +11 435 £525 +16.67% 211
South West -1 301 £525 +16.67% 145
North West +13 290 £575 +27.78% 112
Midlands +9 273 £495 +21.47% 109
West Midlands +21 228 £495 +19.28% 52
East of England +7 211 £495 +16.47% 167
Yorkshire -9 116 £510 +7.94% 67
North East +15 50 £525 +23.53% 32
East Midlands -24 45 £485 +21.25% 57
Linux
UK

For the 6 months to 25 May 2022, IT contractor jobs citing Linux also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Linux.

1 1,729 (38.17%) Windows
2 1,527 (33.71%) Python
3 1,445 (31.90%) AWS
4 1,412 (31.17%) DevOps
5 1,181 (26.07%) Agile
6 1,162 (25.65%) Java
7 1,125 (24.83%) Security Cleared
8 1,100 (24.28%) Unix
9 1,056 (23.31%) Azure
10 1,042 (23.00%) Ansible
11 1,015 (22.41%) Terraform
12 1,005 (22.19%) SQL
13 991 (21.88%) CI/CD
14 979 (21.61%) Docker
15 947 (20.91%) Kubernetes
16 933 (20.60%) SC Cleared
17 875 (19.32%) Git (software)
18 862 (19.03%) Social Skills
19 783 (17.28%) Finance
20 780 (17.22%) Oracle
21 751 (16.58%) Jenkins
22 686 (15.14%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
23 678 (14.97%) VMware
24 659 (14.55%) Microsoft
25 631 (13.93%) Bash
26 570 (12.58%) JIRA
27 557 (12.30%) Red Hat
28 550 (12.14%) Problem-Solving
29 546 (12.05%) PowerShell
30 504 (11.13%) Configuration Management

Linux
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 340 (7.51%) Confluence
2 201 (4.44%) Apache
3 143 (3.16%) nginx
4 124 (2.74%) WebSphere
5 113 (2.49%) Tomcat
6 98 (2.16%) Apache Spark
6 98 (2.16%) IIS
7 95 (2.10%) WebLogic
8 81 (1.79%) OpenStack
9 70 (1.55%) Elasticsearch
9 70 (1.55%) JBoss
10 60 (1.32%) WebSphere Application Server
11 54 (1.19%) Red Hat Fuse
12 51 (1.13%) Mule
13 47 (1.04%) SharePoint
14 45 (0.99%) SAS
15 36 (0.79%) Oracle Workflow
15 36 (0.79%) Traefik
16 32 (0.71%) MS Exchange
17 29 (0.64%) Apache Airflow
Applications
1 83 (1.83%) Microsoft Office
2 69 (1.52%) Microsoft Excel
3 28 (0.62%) MS Visio
3 28 (0.62%) Simulink
4 18 (0.40%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 13 (0.29%) Microsoft Project
6 7 (0.15%) CATIA
7 2 (0.044%) AutoCAD
7 2 (0.044%) Spreadsheet
7 2 (0.044%) Stata
8 1 (0.022%) Adobe Captivate
8 1 (0.022%) Adobe XD
8 1 (0.022%) Pipeline Pilot
8 1 (0.022%) Snagit
8 1 (0.022%) Windchill
Business Applications
1 44 (0.97%) assyst
2 20 (0.44%) Oracle EBS
3 17 (0.38%) BusinessWorks
3 17 (0.38%) Oracle 11i
4 15 (0.33%) Oracle ERP
5 14 (0.31%) SAP FI-CA
5 14 (0.31%) SAP PSCD
6 13 (0.29%) RMDS
7 10 (0.22%) Oracle Applications
7 10 (0.22%) Shopify
7 10 (0.22%) Siebel CRM
8 9 (0.20%) Magento
9 7 (0.15%) Refinitiv Enterprise Platform
9 7 (0.15%) SAP S/4HANA
10 5 (0.11%) Salesforce.com CRM
11 4 (0.088%) Oracle EBS R12
11 4 (0.088%) Oracle Financials
11 4 (0.088%) Sentinel
12 3 (0.066%) SAP IS-U
12 3 (0.066%) WebTrends
Cloud Services
1 1,445 (31.90%) AWS
2 1,056 (23.31%) Azure
3 356 (7.86%) GCP
4 286 (6.31%) PaaS
5 228 (5.03%) AWS CloudFormation
6 225 (4.97%) Serverless
7 206 (4.55%) Amazon EC2
8 202 (4.46%) IaaS
9 201 (4.44%) GitHub
10 173 (3.82%) Amazon S3
11 163 (3.60%) SaaS
12 147 (3.25%) Microsoft 365
13 141 (3.11%) OpenShift
14 135 (2.98%) AWS Lambda
15 132 (2.91%) Amazon CloudWatch
16 107 (2.36%) Amazon EKS
17 97 (2.14%) Virtual Private Cloud
18 84 (1.85%) Amazon ECS
19 80 (1.77%) Azure Active Directory
19 80 (1.77%) Cloud Computing
Communications & Networking
1 388 (8.57%) Firewall
2 386 (8.52%) DNS
3 248 (5.47%) TCP/IP
4 152 (3.36%) VPN
5 139 (3.07%) DHCP
5 139 (3.07%) HTTP
6 125 (2.76%) Network Security
7 122 (2.69%) SSL
8 120 (2.65%) WAN
9 97 (2.14%) SAN
9 97 (2.14%) SSH
10 95 (2.10%) Internet
11 74 (1.63%) LAN
12 68 (1.50%) Ethernet
13 65 (1.43%) IPsec
14 46 (1.02%) Kerberos
15 45 (0.99%) VLAN
16 41 (0.91%) Multicast
17 40 (0.88%) FTP
18 39 (0.86%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 450 (9.93%) SQL Server
2 298 (6.58%) MySQL
3 259 (5.72%) PostgreSQL
4 196 (4.33%) Relational Database
5 194 (4.28%) Oracle Database
6 159 (3.51%) MongoDB
7 145 (3.20%) NoSQL
8 127 (2.80%) Hadoop
9 125 (2.76%) Big Data
10 121 (2.67%) Data Warehouse
11 115 (2.54%) Amazon RDS
12 94 (2.08%) DB2
13 78 (1.72%) Pentaho
14 74 (1.63%) Oracle Database 12c
15 68 (1.50%) Redis
16 51 (1.13%) Apache Hive
16 51 (1.13%) Oracle Database 11g
17 50 (1.10%) Apache Cassandra
18 49 (1.08%) HBase
18 49 (1.08%) RDBMS
Development Applications
1 875 (19.32%) Git (software)
2 751 (16.58%) Jenkins
3 570 (12.58%) JIRA
4 392 (8.65%) GitLab
5 186 (4.11%) Bitbucket
6 128 (2.83%) Artifactory
7 119 (2.63%) Subversion
8 102 (2.25%) JUnit
9 90 (1.99%) Maven
9 90 (1.99%) Selenium
9 90 (1.99%) SonarQube
10 81 (1.79%) Cucumber
10 81 (1.79%) TeamCity
11 79 (1.74%) Sonatype Nexus
12 72 (1.59%) Eclipse
13 62 (1.37%) Visual Studio
14 52 (1.15%) SoapUI
15 48 (1.06%) Mockito
16 44 (0.97%) Gradle
16 44 (0.97%) Postman
General
1 862 (19.03%) Social Skills
2 783 (17.28%) Finance
3 372 (8.21%) Analytical Skills
4 365 (8.06%) Banking
5 332 (7.33%) Public Sector
6 264 (5.83%) Front Office
7 168 (3.71%) Investment Banking
8 134 (2.96%) Telecoms
9 114 (2.52%) Presentation Skills
10 68 (1.50%) Retail
11 66 (1.46%) Documentation Skills
12 57 (1.26%) Marketing
13 55 (1.21%) Financial Institution
14 49 (1.08%) Manufacturing
15 44 (0.97%) Electronics
16 42 (0.93%) Aerospace
17 40 (0.88%) Back Office
18 39 (0.86%) Influencing Skills
19 38 (0.84%) Games
20 37 (0.82%) Legal
Job Titles
1 803 (17.73%) Developer
2 761 (16.80%) DevOps Engineer
3 341 (7.53%) Architect
4 274 (6.05%) Java Developer
5 259 (5.72%) Linux Engineer
6 256 (5.65%) AWS Engineer
7 234 (5.17%) Analyst
8 222 (4.90%) Software Engineer
9 221 (4.88%) Infrastructure Engineer
10 188 (4.15%) Administrator
11 158 (3.49%) AWS DevOps
12 150 (3.31%) DBA
13 149 (3.29%) Python Developer
14 144 (3.18%) AWS DevOps Engineer
15 141 (3.11%) Azure Engineer
16 137 (3.02%) Cloud Engineer
17 132 (2.91%) Platform Engineer
18 127 (2.80%) Consultant
18 127 (2.80%) Support Analyst
19 113 (2.49%) Data Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 257 (5.67%) Kafka
2 230 (5.08%) .NET
3 223 (4.92%) REST
4 208 (4.59%) Spring
5 203 (4.48%) Middleware
6 199 (4.39%) Elastic Stack
7 192 (4.24%) JSON
8 183 (4.04%) HTML
9 179 (3.95%) React
10 176 (3.89%) Web Services
11 160 (3.53%) CSS
12 142 (3.13%) XML
13 136 (3.00%) Node.js
14 121 (2.67%) Django
15 109 (2.41%) RESTful
16 107 (2.36%) FIX Protocol
17 101 (2.23%) RabbitMQ
18 96 (2.12%) Flask
19 90 (1.99%) Spring Boot
20 87 (1.92%) LDAP
Miscellaneous
1 252 (5.56%) Data Centre
2 175 (3.86%) Public Cloud
3 172 (3.80%) Clustering
4 170 (3.75%) Linux Command Line
5 121 (2.67%) Algorithms
6 120 (2.65%) Data Protection Act
7 119 (2.63%) PKI
8 113 (2.49%) Cloud Native
9 107 (2.36%) Management Information System
9 107 (2.36%) Replication
10 100 (2.21%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
11 97 (2.14%) Self-Motivation
12 85 (1.88%) Data Structures
12 85 (1.88%) Private Cloud
13 70 (1.55%) Derivative
14 69 (1.52%) Hybrid Cloud
15 59 (1.30%) Fixed Income
16 57 (1.26%) Greenfield Project
17 51 (1.13%) User Experience
17 51 (1.13%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 1,729 (38.17%) Windows
2 1,100 (24.28%) Unix
3 686 (15.14%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
4 394 (8.70%) Windows Server
5 237 (5.23%) CentOS
6 168 (3.71%) Ubuntu
7 123 (2.72%) Solaris
8 105 (2.32%) Windows 10
9 82 (1.81%) AIX
10 72 (1.59%) Windows Server 2019
11 68 (1.50%) Mac OS
12 66 (1.46%) Windows Server 2008
13 51 (1.13%) Windows Server 2012
14 48 (1.06%) Windows Server 2016
15 47 (1.04%) Windows 7
16 46 (1.02%) Mac OS X
16 46 (1.02%) SUSE
16 46 (1.02%) VMS
17 37 (0.82%) Debian
18 35 (0.77%) Android
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,412 (31.17%) DevOps
2 1,181 (26.07%) Agile
3 991 (21.88%) CI/CD
4 550 (12.14%) Problem-Solving
5 504 (11.13%) Configuration Management
6 479 (10.57%) Software Engineering
7 430 (9.49%) Test Automation
8 425 (9.38%) Continuous Integration
9 417 (9.21%) Infrastructure as Code
10 355 (7.84%) Microservices
10 355 (7.84%) Scrum
11 327 (7.22%) Infrastructure Engineering
12 322 (7.11%) ITIL
13 311 (6.87%) Migration
14 284 (6.27%) TDD
15 264 (5.83%) Analytics
16 240 (5.30%) Continuous Delivery
17 224 (4.94%) High Availability
18 204 (4.50%) Cybersecurity
19 199 (4.39%) Platform Engineering
Programming Languages
1 1,527 (33.71%) Python
2 1,162 (25.65%) Java
3 1,005 (22.19%) SQL
4 631 (13.93%) Bash
5 546 (12.05%) PowerShell
6 391 (8.63%) JavaScript
7 372 (8.21%) C++
8 367 (8.10%) Shell Script
9 269 (5.94%) C
10 257 (5.67%) C#
11 239 (5.28%) Perl
12 213 (4.70%) Go
13 193 (4.26%) Ruby
14 170 (3.75%) PL/SQL
15 114 (2.52%) Scala
16 93 (2.05%) Groovy
17 77 (1.70%) PHP
18 75 (1.66%) TypeScript
19 44 (0.97%) R
20 40 (0.88%) Rust
Qualifications
1 1,125 (24.83%) Security Cleared
2 933 (20.60%) SC Cleared
3 207 (4.57%) Degree
4 206 (4.55%) DV Cleared
5 83 (1.83%) AWS Certification
6 68 (1.50%) Computer Science Degree
7 59 (1.30%) Cisco Certification
8 55 (1.21%) BPSS Clearance
9 44 (0.97%) CISSP
10 42 (0.93%) RHCE
11 41 (0.91%) Microsoft Certification
12 33 (0.73%) CCNA
13 25 (0.55%) Master's Degree
14 24 (0.53%) ISTQB
14 24 (0.53%) MCSE
15 22 (0.49%) TOGAF Certification
16 20 (0.44%) CCNP
16 20 (0.44%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
16 20 (0.44%) Oracle Certification
17 19 (0.42%) CISM
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 150 (3.31%) QA
2 56 (1.24%) GDPR
3 51 (1.13%) SLA
4 44 (0.97%) NIST
5 37 (0.82%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 37 (0.82%) NCSC
6 22 (0.49%) Accessibility
6 22 (0.49%) Data Quality
7 21 (0.46%) COBIT
8 12 (0.26%) PCI DSS
9 10 (0.22%) PMO
9 10 (0.22%) Sarbanes-Oxley
10 9 (0.20%) SEPA
11 8 (0.18%) ISO/IEC 27005
12 7 (0.15%) COSO
12 7 (0.15%) SOC 2
13 6 (0.13%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
13 6 (0.13%) JSP 440
14 5 (0.11%) ISO 8583
15 4 (0.088%) HIPAA
System Software
1 979 (21.61%) Docker
2 491 (10.84%) VMware Infrastructure
3 442 (9.76%) Active Directory
4 118 (2.60%) vSphere
5 101 (2.23%) Virtual Machines
6 82 (1.81%) Hyper-V
6 82 (1.81%) VMware ESXi
7 71 (1.57%) Oracle RAC
8 58 (1.28%) VMware NSX
9 56 (1.24%) HDFS
9 56 (1.24%) NFS
10 32 (0.71%) Firmware
11 28 (0.62%) Virtual Servers
12 24 (0.53%) KVM
12 24 (0.53%) XenApp
13 20 (0.44%) Virtual Desktop
14 19 (0.42%) vCloud
15 18 (0.40%) Ceph
16 17 (0.38%) VMware Workstation
17 16 (0.35%) Apache ZooKeeper
Systems Management
1 1,042 (23.00%) Ansible
2 1,015 (22.41%) Terraform
3 947 (20.91%) Kubernetes
4 413 (9.12%) Puppet
5 201 (4.44%) Prometheus
6 185 (4.08%) Opscode Chef
7 161 (3.55%) Grafana
8 141 (3.11%) Packer
9 106 (2.34%) Consul
10 96 (2.12%) SCCM
11 87 (1.92%) Docker Swarm
12 72 (1.59%) vRealize
13 67 (1.48%) Kibana
13 67 (1.48%) ZABBIX
14 63 (1.39%) Data Guard
15 55 (1.21%) ITRS Geneos
16 54 (1.19%) Nagios
17 53 (1.17%) Istio
18 51 (1.13%) HAProxy
19 46 (1.02%) Red Hat Satellite
Vendors
1 780 (17.22%) Oracle
2 678 (14.97%) VMware
3 659 (14.55%) Microsoft
4 557 (12.30%) Red Hat
5 296 (6.53%) Splunk
6 223 (4.92%) Cisco
7 219 (4.83%) IBM
8 176 (3.89%) Google
9 146 (3.22%) Citrix
10 130 (2.87%) Atlassian
11 104 (2.30%) ServiceNow
12 93 (2.05%) SAP
13 90 (1.99%) Dell
14 74 (1.63%) HP
15 72 (1.59%) AppDynamics
16 70 (1.55%) SolarWinds
17 65 (1.43%) NetApp
18 62 (1.37%) Sybase
19 61 (1.35%) Cloudera
20 57 (1.26%) Dynatrace