Period
to 16 December 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Functional Programming skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Functional Programming over the 6 months to 16 December 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Functional Programming
England > London
6 months to
16 Dec 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 442 412 344
Rank change year-on-year -30 -68 +102
Permanent jobs citing Functional Programming 401 528 679
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in London 0.61% 0.72% 0.92%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 0.66% 0.77% 0.99%
Number of salaries quoted 310 405 554
London median annual salary £70,000 £72,500 £74,500
Median salary % change year-on-year -3.45% -2.68% +6.43%
10th Percentile £45,000 £50,000 £47,500
90th Percentile £96,375 £100,750 £110,000
England median annual salary £70,000 £70,500 £70,000
% change year-on-year -0.71% +0.71% +9.80%

Functional Programming is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 60,731 68,614 68,375
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in London 92.03% 93.31% 92.20%
Number of salaries quoted 49,021 53,501 58,583
London median annual salary £62,500 £60,000 £57,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.17% +4.35% +4.55%
10th Percentile £35,000 £35,000 £33,500
90th Percentile £95,000 £90,000 £90,000
England median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £50,000
% change year-on-year +5.00% - +5.26%

Functional Programming
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Functional Programming as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Functional Programming in London

Functional Programming
Salary Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Functional Programming in London.

Salary trend for Functional Programming in London

Functional Programming
Salary Histogram in London

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Functional Programming in London over the 6 months to 16 December 2018.

Salary histogram for Functional Programming in London

Functional Programming
Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Functional Programming within the London region over the 6 months to 16 December 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London +27 78 £72,500 -6.45% 28
West London +40 28 £52,500 -30.00% 9
East London +11 5 £75,000 - 2
South London -2 5 £70,000 +14.29% 3
Functional Programming
England

For the 6 months to 16 December 2018, IT jobs citing Functional Programming also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the London region with a requirement for Functional Programming.

1 216 (53.87%) Agile Software Development
2 163 (40.65%) Java
3 154 (38.40%) Scala
4 134 (33.42%) Python
5 120 (29.93%) TDD
6 116 (28.93%) Amazon AWS
7 111 (27.68%) JavaScript
8 107 (26.68%) Microservices
9 100 (24.94%) SQL
10 95 (23.69%) Finance
11 91 (22.69%) Test Automation
12 80 (19.95%) Node.js
13 77 (19.20%) Haskell
14 74 (18.45%) C++
15 70 (17.46%) HTML
16 67 (16.71%) Docker
17 65 (16.21%) F#
18 64 (15.96%) Banking
18 64 (15.96%) C#
19 63 (15.71%) React
20 60 (14.96%) NoSQL
20 60 (14.96%) Continuous Integration
21 59 (14.71%) Ruby
22 56 (13.97%) Algorithms
23 55 (13.72%) Machine Learning
23 55 (13.72%) Software Engineering
24 54 (13.47%) Kubernetes
25 53 (13.22%) Kafka
25 53 (13.22%) Open Source
26 52 (12.97%) Big Data

Functional Programming
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 47 (11.72%) Apache Spark
2 46 (11.47%) Elasticsearch
3 14 (3.49%) Apache Pig
3 14 (3.49%) Apache Solr
4 13 (3.24%) Apache
4 13 (3.24%) Ethereum
5 8 (2.00%) Hyperledger
6 3 (0.75%) CMS
7 2 (0.50%) GemFire
7 2 (0.50%) IIS
8 1 (0.25%) Apache Airflow
Applications
1 23 (5.74%) Microsoft Excel
2 2 (0.50%) Snapchat
2 2 (0.50%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 8 (2.00%) Distributed Ledger
2 1 (0.25%) Payment Gateway
Cloud Services
1 116 (28.93%) Amazon AWS
2 36 (8.98%) Serverless
3 35 (8.73%) GitHub
4 25 (6.23%) AWS CloudFormation
5 19 (4.74%) Google Cloud Platform
6 18 (4.49%) SaaS
7 17 (4.24%) Amazon EC2
8 15 (3.74%) Amazon S3
9 14 (3.49%) Amazon ELB
10 13 (3.24%) Amazon Kinesis
10 13 (3.24%) AWS Lambda
11 12 (2.99%) PaaS
11 12 (2.99%) Slack
12 10 (2.49%) IaaS
13 8 (2.00%) IBM Cloud
14 7 (1.75%) Microsoft Azure
15 6 (1.50%) Amazon CloudWatch
15 6 (1.50%) AWS Fargate
15 6 (1.50%) Cloud Computing
15 6 (1.50%) CloudFront
Communications & Networking
1 25 (6.23%) HTTP
2 6 (1.50%) Internet
3 5 (1.25%) DNS
3 5 (1.25%) VPN
4 1 (0.25%) BitTorrent
4 1 (0.25%) HTTPS
4 1 (0.25%) SNMP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 60 (14.96%) NoSQL
2 52 (12.97%) Big Data
3 49 (12.22%) MongoDB
4 37 (9.23%) SQL Server
5 35 (8.73%) Apache Cassandra
6 34 (8.48%) PostgreSQL
7 33 (8.23%) Blockchain
8 29 (7.23%) MySQL
9 26 (6.48%) Relational Database
10 25 (6.23%) Hadoop
11 19 (4.74%) HBase
12 16 (3.99%) Redis
13 15 (3.74%) Apache Hive
13 15 (3.74%) Couchbase
13 15 (3.74%) Impala
14 14 (3.49%) Amazon Redshift
14 14 (3.49%) CouchDB
14 14 (3.49%) Flink
15 8 (2.00%) RethinkDB
16 7 (1.75%) RDBMS
Development Applications
1 35 (8.73%) Git (software)
2 19 (4.74%) Jenkins
3 12 (2.99%) CircleCI
3 12 (2.99%) GoCD
4 9 (2.24%) Subversion
5 7 (1.75%) Maven
5 7 (1.75%) webpack
6 6 (1.50%) Gatling
6 6 (1.50%) GitLab
6 6 (1.50%) Grunt
6 6 (1.50%) gulp
6 6 (1.50%) Plastic SCM
7 5 (1.25%) Atlassian Bamboo
7 5 (1.25%) jspm
7 5 (1.25%) Mocha
7 5 (1.25%) RSpec
8 4 (1.00%) JIRA
8 4 (1.00%) JMeter
8 4 (1.00%) LoadRunner
8 4 (1.00%) TeamCity
General
1 95 (23.69%) Finance
2 64 (15.96%) Banking
3 28 (6.98%) Investment Banking
4 23 (5.74%) Front Office
4 23 (5.74%) Games
4 23 (5.74%) Retail
5 21 (5.24%) Law
6 17 (4.24%) Financial Institution
7 12 (2.99%) Publishing
8 5 (1.25%) Pharmaceutical
9 4 (1.00%) Advertising
10 2 (0.50%) Automotive
10 2 (0.50%) Corporate Banking
10 2 (0.50%) Legal
10 2 (0.50%) Marketing
10 2 (0.50%) Multimedia
11 1 (0.25%) Back Office
11 1 (0.25%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 220 (54.86%) Developer
2 43 (10.72%) Senior Developer
3 41 (10.22%) Java Developer
4 31 (7.73%) Scala Developer
5 27 (6.73%) JavaScript Developer
6 26 (6.48%) Test Engineer
7 24 (5.99%) Data Engineer
7 24 (5.99%) Full Stack Developer
8 19 (4.74%) Big Data Engineer
9 18 (4.49%) Software Engineer
10 17 (4.24%) Python Developer
11 16 (3.99%) .NET Developer
11 16 (3.99%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
12 15 (3.74%) Java Engineer
12 15 (3.74%) RAD Developer
12 15 (3.74%) VBA Developer
13 14 (3.49%) Backend Developer
13 14 (3.49%) Excel Developer
13 14 (3.49%) Excel VBA Developer
13 14 (3.49%) React Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 80 (19.95%) Node.js
2 70 (17.46%) HTML
3 63 (15.71%) React
4 53 (13.22%) Kafka
5 52 (12.97%) REST
6 50 (12.47%) CSS
7 42 (10.47%) Akka
7 42 (10.47%) AngularJS
8 40 (9.98%) Spring
9 34 (8.48%) HTML5
10 30 (7.48%) .NET
11 25 (6.23%) Play Framework
12 24 (5.99%) Redux
12 24 (5.99%) RESTful
13 22 (5.49%) Web Services
14 21 (5.24%) Spring Boot
15 20 (4.99%) jQuery
16 18 (4.49%) JSON
16 18 (4.49%) Scalaz
17 16 (3.99%) Ruby on Rails
Miscellaneous
1 56 (13.97%) Algorithms
2 46 (11.47%) Data Structures
3 34 (8.48%) Equity Derivative
4 30 (7.48%) Derivative
5 27 (6.73%) Fintech
6 22 (5.49%) Self-Motivation
7 19 (4.74%) Greenfield Project
8 18 (4.49%) Blog
9 15 (3.74%) Analytical Skills
10 14 (3.49%) Cyberthreat
10 14 (3.49%) Mobile App
10 14 (3.49%) Virtual Team
11 13 (3.24%) User Experience
12 9 (2.24%) Mobile Payment
13 8 (2.00%) Management Information System
14 7 (1.75%) Enterprise Software
14 7 (1.75%) Equities
14 7 (1.75%) Hedge funds
14 7 (1.75%) Linux Command Line
15 6 (1.50%) Smart Home
Operating Systems
1 38 (9.48%) Linux
2 34 (8.48%) Unix
3 16 (3.99%) Apple iOS
4 7 (1.75%) Android
5 5 (1.25%) CentOS
5 5 (1.25%) Debian
6 1 (0.25%) Windows
Processes & Methodologies
1 216 (53.87%) Agile Software Development
2 120 (29.93%) TDD
3 107 (26.68%) Microservices
4 91 (22.69%) Test Automation
5 60 (14.96%) Continuous Integration
6 55 (13.72%) Machine Learning
6 55 (13.72%) Software Engineering
7 53 (13.22%) Open Source
8 52 (12.97%) DevOps
8 52 (12.97%) Problem-Solving
8 52 (12.97%) Scrum
9 45 (11.22%) Analytics
10 44 (10.97%) Computer Science
11 43 (10.72%) OO
12 38 (9.48%) Pair Programming
13 36 (8.98%) BDD
14 32 (7.98%) Kanban
15 30 (7.48%) Data Science
15 30 (7.48%) Front End Development
16 27 (6.73%) SDLC
Programming Languages
1 163 (40.65%) Java
2 154 (38.40%) Scala
3 134 (33.42%) Python
4 111 (27.68%) JavaScript
5 100 (24.94%) SQL
6 77 (19.20%) Haskell
7 74 (18.45%) C++
8 65 (16.21%) F#
9 64 (15.96%) C#
10 59 (14.71%) Ruby
11 51 (12.72%) Go
12 44 (10.97%) C
13 36 (8.98%) Erlang
14 35 (8.73%) Java 8
15 34 (8.48%) VBA
16 31 (7.73%) PL/SQL
16 31 (7.73%) T-SQL
17 26 (6.48%) Clojure
18 21 (5.24%) TypeScript
19 19 (4.74%) Elixir
Qualifications
1 44 (10.97%) Degree
2 16 (3.99%) Computer Science Degree
3 10 (2.49%) AWS Certification
4 9 (2.24%) PhD
5 6 (1.50%) Master's Degree
5 6 (1.50%) Numerate Degree
6 1 (0.25%) MPhil
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 16 (3.99%) QA
2 5 (1.25%) GDPR
2 5 (1.25%) Sarbanes-Oxley
3 1 (0.25%) PSD2
System Software
1 67 (16.71%) Docker
2 14 (3.49%) Apache Flume
3 7 (1.75%) Virtual Machines
4 1 (0.25%) Apache ZooKeeper
4 1 (0.25%) HDFS
Systems Management
1 54 (13.47%) Kubernetes
2 40 (9.98%) Terraform
3 14 (3.49%) Ansible
3 14 (3.49%) Hadoop YARN
3 14 (3.49%) Oozie
4 9 (2.24%) Docker Swarm
4 9 (2.24%) Opscode Chef
5 6 (1.50%) Grafana
5 6 (1.50%) Mesos
6 4 (1.00%) Puppet
6 4 (1.00%) Rancher
7 3 (0.75%) Single Sign-On
8 2 (0.50%) Marathon
9 1 (0.25%) Galera Cluster
9 1 (0.25%) Kibana
9 1 (0.25%) logstash
Vendors
1 35 (8.73%) Oracle
2 21 (5.24%) Google
3 17 (4.24%) Cloudera
3 17 (4.24%) Hortonworks
3 17 (4.24%) MapR
4 15 (3.74%) Apple
5 14 (3.49%) Databricks
6 8 (2.00%) IBM
7 6 (1.50%) Sybase
8 5 (1.25%) Red Hat
8 5 (1.25%) Splunk
9 4 (1.00%) Facebook
10 2 (0.50%) Bloomberg
10 2 (0.50%) Cognizant
10 2 (0.50%) Informatica
10 2 (0.50%) TIBCO
10 2 (0.50%) Twitter
11 1 (0.25%) Microsoft
11 1 (0.25%) Murex
11 1 (0.25%) Reuters