Period
to 29 July 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Software Engineering skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Software Engineering over the 6 months to 29 July 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Software Engineering
England > London
6 months to
29 Jul 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 12 21 20
Rank change year-on-year +9 -1 +9
Permanent jobs citing Software Engineering 7,296 2,857 5,446
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in London 16.20% 9.97% 9.53%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 17.01% 10.60% 10.18%
Number of salaries quoted 3,850 2,378 4,117
10th Percentile £50,000 £47,500 £46,250
25th Percentile £62,500 £58,750 £55,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £80,000 £75,000 £70,000
Median % change year-on-year +6.67% +7.14% +7.69%
75th Percentile £102,500 £97,500 £90,000
90th Percentile £122,500 £122,500 £110,000
England median annual salary £65,000 £60,000 £55,000
% change year-on-year +8.33% +9.09% +4.76%

Software Engineering is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 42,889 26,948 53,475
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in London 95.25% 94.04% 93.57%
Number of salaries quoted 28,417 22,094 43,978
10th Percentile £42,500 £41,250 £36,250
25th Percentile £52,500 £51,250 £47,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £70,000 £68,192 £65,000
Median % change year-on-year +2.65% +4.91% +8.33%
75th Percentile £87,500 £85,000 £82,500
90th Percentile £105,000 £105,000 £97,500
England median annual salary £57,500 £55,000 £52,500
% change year-on-year +4.55% +4.76% +5.00%

Software Engineering
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Software Engineering as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Software Engineering in London

Software Engineering
Salary Trend in London

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Software Engineering in London.

Salary trend for Software Engineering in London

Software Engineering
Salary Histogram in London

Salary distribution for jobs citing Software Engineering in London over the 6 months to 29 July 2021.

Salary histogram for Software Engineering in London

Software Engineering
Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Software Engineering within the London region over the 6 months to 29 July 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London +5 654 £80,000 +10.34% 346
West London 0 224 £67,500 +3.85% 131
South London +30 126 £60,000 -7.69% 27
North London +15 14 £50,000 - 8
East London -5 14 £79,375 +17.59% 91
Software Engineering
England

For the 6 months to 29 July 2021, IT jobs citing Software Engineering also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the London region with a requirement for Software Engineering.

1 3,507 (48.07%) Agile Software Development
2 3,186 (43.67%) AWS
3 2,935 (40.23%) JavaScript
4 2,824 (38.71%) Python
5 2,576 (35.31%) React
6 2,524 (34.59%) Java
7 2,454 (33.63%) Finance
8 2,137 (29.29%) Docker
9 1,906 (26.12%) Kubernetes
10 1,889 (25.89%) Microservices
11 1,639 (22.46%) Full Stack Development
12 1,556 (21.33%) TypeScript
13 1,552 (21.27%) SQL
14 1,533 (21.01%) Node.js
15 1,461 (20.02%) DevOps
16 1,379 (18.90%) Azure
17 1,376 (18.86%) C#
18 1,320 (18.09%) Serverless
19 1,313 (18.00%) TDD
20 1,308 (17.93%) Social Skills
21 1,266 (17.35%) GCP
22 1,263 (17.31%) .NET
23 1,189 (16.30%) Web Services
24 998 (13.68%) Terraform
25 988 (13.54%) PostgreSQL
26 986 (13.51%) AngularJS
27 972 (13.32%) Problem-Solving
28 966 (13.24%) REST
29 952 (13.05%) Computer Science
30 940 (12.88%) Degree

Software Engineering
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 348 (4.77%) Apache Spark
2 345 (4.73%) Elasticsearch
3 239 (3.28%) Apache
4 153 (2.10%) Confluence
5 76 (1.04%) CMS
6 64 (0.88%) Tomcat
7 47 (0.64%) Apache Airflow
8 43 (0.59%) Tornado
9 38 (0.52%) Apache Pulsar
10 30 (0.41%) nginx
11 26 (0.36%) Apache TomEE
12 25 (0.34%) Cloud Foundry
13 22 (0.30%) Jupyter
14 21 (0.29%) Drupal
15 19 (0.26%) SAS
16 17 (0.23%) Apache Solr
16 17 (0.23%) SharePoint
17 16 (0.22%) Adobe Experience Manager
18 14 (0.19%) Traefik
19 13 (0.18%) WordPress
Applications
1 43 (0.59%) Sketch
2 35 (0.48%) InVision
3 24 (0.33%) Microsoft Excel
4 22 (0.30%) Adobe Illustrator
4 22 (0.30%) Photoshop
5 20 (0.27%) Spreadsheet
6 17 (0.23%) GIMP
7 14 (0.19%) Figma
8 11 (0.15%) Microsoft Office
9 9 (0.12%) UXPin
10 7 (0.096%) Microsoft PowerPoint
11 6 (0.082%) Maya
12 5 (0.069%) Fireworks
13 4 (0.055%) Chatbot
13 4 (0.055%) Zeplin
14 3 (0.041%) MS Visio
14 3 (0.041%) Quicktime
15 2 (0.027%) Adobe Creative Suite
16 1 (0.014%) MODO
16 1 (0.014%) Revit
Business Applications
1 48 (0.66%) Distributed Ledger
2 47 (0.64%) R3 Corda
3 29 (0.40%) Shopify
4 22 (0.30%) Dynamics CRM
5 19 (0.26%) Magento
6 13 (0.18%) Payment Gateway
7 10 (0.14%) Dynamics AX
7 10 (0.14%) Primavera
8 5 (0.069%) Academy Revenues and Benefits
8 5 (0.069%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
9 4 (0.055%) NetSuite
9 4 (0.055%) Oracle Financials
9 4 (0.055%) Sentinel
9 4 (0.055%) Summit
10 2 (0.027%) Hyperion Planning
10 2 (0.027%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
10 2 (0.027%) SAP R/3
11 1 (0.014%) Eagle PACE
11 1 (0.014%) Markit EDM
11 1 (0.014%) Oracle Receivables
Cloud Services
1 3,186 (43.67%) AWS
2 1,379 (18.90%) Azure
3 1,320 (18.09%) Serverless
4 1,266 (17.35%) GCP
5 781 (10.70%) AWS Lambda
6 453 (6.21%) SaaS
7 444 (6.09%) GitHub
8 423 (5.80%) Amazon S3
9 332 (4.55%) Amazon EC2
10 292 (4.00%) Amazon SQS
11 290 (3.97%) Amazon ECS
12 198 (2.71%) AWS CloudFormation
13 172 (2.36%) AWS Step Functions
14 137 (1.88%) PaaS
15 121 (1.66%) Cloud Computing
16 113 (1.55%) Heroku
17 95 (1.30%) Amazon EKS
17 95 (1.30%) Snowflake
18 84 (1.15%) Amazon Kinesis
19 76 (1.04%) Slack
Communications & Networking
1 248 (3.40%) HTTP
2 106 (1.45%) Broadband
3 86 (1.18%) Internet
4 36 (0.49%) TCP/IP
5 29 (0.40%) AMQP
6 28 (0.38%) SMS
7 20 (0.27%) SSL
8 17 (0.23%) DNS
9 16 (0.22%) Wireless
10 15 (0.21%) 5G
10 15 (0.21%) Bluetooth
11 14 (0.19%) 4G
11 14 (0.19%) SSH
12 13 (0.18%) VoIP
12 13 (0.18%) Wi-Fi
13 12 (0.16%) WebEx
14 11 (0.15%) ZigBee
15 10 (0.14%) Firewall
16 9 (0.12%) Asterisk PBX
16 9 (0.12%) RTP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 988 (13.54%) PostgreSQL
2 767 (10.51%) NoSQL
3 596 (8.17%) Amazon DynamoDB
4 571 (7.83%) Relational Database
5 487 (6.67%) SQL Server
6 474 (6.50%) MongoDB
6 474 (6.50%) MySQL
7 413 (5.66%) Big Data
8 341 (4.67%) Redis
9 276 (3.78%) Amazon RDS
10 247 (3.39%) Amazon Aurora
11 234 (3.21%) Hadoop
12 195 (2.67%) Amazon Athena
13 163 (2.23%) Amazon Redshift
14 130 (1.78%) RDBMS
15 106 (1.45%) Neo4j
16 103 (1.41%) BigQuery
17 97 (1.33%) Blockchain
18 80 (1.10%) Apache Ignite
19 78 (1.07%) Apache Cassandra
Development Applications
1 902 (12.36%) Git (software)
2 542 (7.43%) Jenkins
3 327 (4.48%) JIRA
4 306 (4.19%) Cypress.io
5 277 (3.80%) GitLab
6 184 (2.52%) CircleCI
7 180 (2.47%) TeamCity
8 176 (2.41%) webpack
9 157 (2.15%) Atlassian Bamboo
10 156 (2.14%) Octopus Deploy
11 138 (1.89%) Maven
12 130 (1.78%) Gradle
13 109 (1.49%) Selenium
14 104 (1.43%) JUnit
15 100 (1.37%) Mocha
16 89 (1.22%) SonarQube
17 80 (1.10%) Postman
17 80 (1.10%) Vagrant
18 71 (0.97%) Bitbucket
19 68 (0.93%) Babel
General
1 2,454 (33.63%) Finance
2 1,308 (17.93%) Social Skills
3 620 (8.50%) Banking
4 565 (7.74%) Front Office
5 503 (6.89%) Games
6 454 (6.22%) Retail
7 335 (4.59%) Analytical Skills
8 285 (3.91%) Marketing
9 149 (2.04%) Public Sector
10 148 (2.03%) Inclusion and Diversity
11 141 (1.93%) Legal
12 139 (1.91%) Telecoms
13 132 (1.81%) Presentation Skills
14 111 (1.52%) Manufacturing
15 104 (1.43%) Law
16 97 (1.33%) Back Office
17 95 (1.30%) Financial Institution
18 92 (1.26%) Advertising
19 90 (1.23%) Electronics
19 90 (1.23%) Investment Banking
Job Titles
1 3,433 (47.05%) Software Engineer
2 2,367 (32.44%) Developer
3 1,116 (15.30%) Senior Software Engineer
4 591 (8.10%) Developer/Software Engineer
5 498 (6.83%) Senior Developer
6 494 (6.77%) React Developer
7 445 (6.10%) Java Engineer
8 422 (5.78%) Python Engineer
9 391 (5.36%) Java Developer
10 349 (4.78%) Java Software Engineer
11 340 (4.66%) Python Developer
12 329 (4.51%) AWS Engineer
13 299 (4.10%) Python Software Engineer
14 285 (3.91%) Lead Software Engineer
15 284 (3.89%) AWS Software Engineer
16 276 (3.78%) AWS Developer
17 254 (3.48%) Full Stack Developer
18 234 (3.21%) JavaScript Developer
19 222 (3.04%) Architect
20 221 (3.03%) Software Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 2,576 (35.31%) React
2 1,533 (21.01%) Node.js
3 1,263 (17.31%) .NET
4 1,189 (16.30%) Web Services
5 986 (13.51%) AngularJS
6 966 (13.24%) REST
7 830 (11.38%) CSS
8 721 (9.88%) GraphQL
9 705 (9.66%) HTML
10 667 (9.14%) RESTful
11 628 (8.61%) Spring
12 576 (7.89%) Kafka
13 572 (7.84%) .NET Core
14 542 (7.43%) Vue.js
15 478 (6.55%) Redux
16 397 (5.44%) React Native
17 360 (4.93%) Spring Boot
18 347 (4.76%) Jest
19 289 (3.96%) .NET Framework
20 274 (3.76%) Django
Miscellaneous
1 782 (10.72%) User Experience
2 556 (7.62%) Hedge funds
3 456 (6.25%) Algorithms
4 377 (5.17%) Derivative
5 350 (4.80%) Greenfield Project
6 348 (4.77%) Equities
7 347 (4.76%) Fixed Income
8 314 (4.30%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
9 270 (3.70%) Virtual Team
10 263 (3.60%) Data Structures
11 252 (3.45%) Cloud Native
12 219 (3.00%) Mobile App
13 213 (2.92%) Blog
14 196 (2.69%) Self-Motivation
15 195 (2.67%) Legacy Systems
16 181 (2.48%) Enterprise Software
17 143 (1.96%) Pricing Data
18 132 (1.81%) Social Media
19 78 (1.07%) Credit Risk
20 73 (1.00%) Management Information System
Operating Systems
1 618 (8.47%) Linux
2 227 (3.11%) Apple iOS
3 218 (2.99%) Android
4 201 (2.75%) Unix
5 131 (1.80%) Windows
6 38 (0.52%) Embedded Linux
7 32 (0.44%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 23 (0.32%) Mesosphere
9 20 (0.27%) CentOS
10 11 (0.15%) Ubuntu
11 9 (0.12%) Mac OS
11 9 (0.12%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
12 7 (0.096%) Debian
13 6 (0.082%) CoreOS
14 5 (0.069%) VMS
14 5 (0.069%) Windows Server
15 3 (0.041%) Fedora
15 3 (0.041%) Mac OS X
15 3 (0.041%) Windows 10
16 2 (0.027%) zOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 3,507 (48.07%) Agile Software Development
2 1,889 (25.89%) Microservices
3 1,639 (22.46%) Full Stack Development
4 1,461 (20.02%) DevOps
5 1,313 (18.00%) TDD
6 972 (13.32%) Problem-Solving
7 952 (13.05%) Computer Science
8 897 (12.29%) Analytics
9 891 (12.21%) Mentoring
10 856 (11.73%) Test Automation
11 830 (11.38%) Fintech
12 826 (11.32%) Asset Management
13 817 (11.20%) Continuous Integration
14 807 (11.06%) Scrum
15 790 (10.83%) Artificial Intelligence
16 662 (9.07%) Machine Learning
17 578 (7.92%) Data Science
18 573 (7.85%) SDLC
19 536 (7.35%) Coaching
20 532 (7.29%) Open Source
Programming Languages
1 2,935 (40.23%) JavaScript
2 2,824 (38.71%) Python
3 2,524 (34.59%) Java
4 1,556 (21.33%) TypeScript
5 1,552 (21.27%) SQL
6 1,376 (18.86%) C#
7 609 (8.35%) C++
8 608 (8.33%) Go
9 513 (7.03%) Scala
10 464 (6.36%) Kotlin
11 396 (5.43%) Ruby
12 320 (4.39%) C
13 279 (3.82%) PHP
14 236 (3.23%) ES6
15 179 (2.45%) Java 8
16 161 (2.21%) Clojure
17 137 (1.88%) R
18 135 (1.85%) Rust
19 119 (1.63%) Java 11
20 95 (1.30%) Apple Swift
Qualifications
1 940 (12.88%) Degree
2 410 (5.62%) Computer Science Degree
3 167 (2.29%) Master's Degree
4 133 (1.82%) Security Cleared
5 100 (1.37%) SC Cleared
6 98 (1.34%) PhD
7 33 (0.45%) AWS Certification
8 25 (0.34%) DV Cleared
9 22 (0.30%) Numerate Degree
10 21 (0.29%) SANS
11 10 (0.14%) DBS Check
12 7 (0.096%) HNC
12 7 (0.096%) HND
13 6 (0.082%) ISEB
13 6 (0.082%) ISTQB
13 6 (0.082%) Postgraduate
14 5 (0.069%) BPSS Clearance
15 4 (0.055%) CISSP
15 4 (0.055%) MBA
16 3 (0.041%) RHCE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 577 (7.91%) QA
2 95 (1.30%) Accessibility
3 73 (1.00%) GDPR
4 48 (0.66%) WCAG
5 43 (0.59%) Data Quality
6 14 (0.19%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 12 (0.16%) HIPAA
8 10 (0.14%) NIST
8 10 (0.14%) PCI DSS
8 10 (0.14%) SLA
9 9 (0.12%) PSD2
10 7 (0.096%) SOC 2
10 7 (0.096%) WAI
11 5 (0.069%) IEC 61508
11 5 (0.069%) ISO/IEC 15288
12 3 (0.041%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
12 3 (0.041%) SOC 1
13 2 (0.027%) Cyber Essentials
13 2 (0.027%) ISO 31000
13 2 (0.027%) NCSC
System Software
1 2,137 (29.29%) Docker
2 74 (1.01%) VirtualBox
3 25 (0.34%) Apache ZooKeeper
4 24 (0.33%) Firmware
5 22 (0.30%) Virtual Machines
6 16 (0.22%) VMware Infrastructure
7 12 (0.16%) Active Directory
7 12 (0.16%) ISA Server
8 11 (0.15%) HDFS
9 9 (0.12%) Kamailio
9 9 (0.12%) OpenSIPS
9 9 (0.12%) Virtual Servers
10 3 (0.041%) OpenAM
10 3 (0.041%) OpenDJ
11 2 (0.027%) LXC
11 2 (0.027%) Varnish
12 1 (0.014%) Hyper-V
12 1 (0.014%) VMware ESXi
12 1 (0.014%) vSphere
12 1 (0.014%) Xen
Systems Management
1 1,906 (26.12%) Kubernetes
2 998 (13.68%) Terraform
3 297 (4.07%) Ansible
4 138 (1.89%) Prometheus
5 126 (1.73%) Grafana
6 117 (1.60%) Opscode Chef
7 107 (1.47%) Docker Swarm
8 82 (1.12%) Puppet
9 60 (0.82%) Istio
10 49 (0.67%) Kibana
11 30 (0.41%) Consul
12 26 (0.36%) logstash
13 23 (0.32%) Automic
14 20 (0.27%) Packer
15 15 (0.21%) Kubeflow
15 15 (0.21%) yum
16 8 (0.11%) ITRS Geneos
16 8 (0.11%) Nagios
17 7 (0.096%) HP Quality Center
17 7 (0.096%) Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 677 (9.28%) Google
2 370 (5.07%) Microsoft
3 330 (4.52%) Oracle
4 126 (1.73%) Samsung
5 93 (1.27%) IBM
6 89 (1.22%) Cloudera
7 77 (1.06%) Splunk
8 76 (1.04%) Hortonworks
9 71 (0.97%) Sybase
10 70 (0.96%) Talend
11 69 (0.95%) Informatica
12 50 (0.69%) SAP
13 49 (0.67%) Adobe
14 48 (0.66%) Sony
15 46 (0.63%) New Relic
16 44 (0.60%) Spotify
17 42 (0.58%) Apple
17 42 (0.58%) OutSystems
18 41 (0.56%) Dell
19 38 (0.52%) Red Hat