Period
to 24 October 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Software Engineering skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Software Engineering over the 6 months to 24 October 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Software Engineering
England > London
6 months to
24 Oct 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 12 15 20
Rank change year-on-year +3 +5 +7
Permanent jobs citing Software Engineering 8,208 2,148 5,165
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in London 16.28% 10.93% 9.48%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 17.04% 11.64% 10.13%
Number of salaries quoted 4,284 1,867 3,995
10th Percentile £50,000 £50,000 £46,250
25th Percentile £62,500 £61,250 £57,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £82,500 £77,500 £75,000
Median % change year-on-year +6.45% +3.33% +11.11%
75th Percentile £102,500 £102,500 £95,000
90th Percentile £128,750 £128,750 £120,000
England median annual salary £67,500 £60,000 £57,500
% change year-on-year +12.50% +4.35% +8.49%

Software Engineering is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 48,162 18,452 50,993
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in London 95.53% 93.88% 93.59%
Number of salaries quoted 31,483 15,623 41,561
10th Percentile £42,500 £42,500 £36,250
25th Percentile £52,500 £52,500 £47,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £70,000 £70,000 £65,000
Median % change year-on-year - +7.69% +4.00%
75th Percentile £90,000 £86,250 £82,500
90th Percentile £107,500 £106,250 £100,000
England median annual salary £59,000 £55,000 £52,500
% change year-on-year +7.27% +4.76% -

Software Engineering
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Software Engineering as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Software Engineering in London

Software Engineering
Salary Trend in London

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Software Engineering in London.

Salary trend for Software Engineering in London

Software Engineering
Salary Histogram in London

Salary distribution for jobs citing Software Engineering in London over the 6 months to 24 October 2021.

Salary histogram for Software Engineering in London

Software Engineering
Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Software Engineering within the London region over the 6 months to 24 October 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London +6 705 £80,000 +6.67% 412
West London +13 271 £67,500 +12.50% 132
South London +17 137 £60,000 -17.24% 35
East London -21 20 £70,000 -5.72% 87
North London -12 12 £50,000 +11.11% 21
Software Engineering
England

For the 6 months to 24 October 2021, IT jobs citing Software Engineering also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the London region with a requirement for Software Engineering.

1 4,112 (50.10%) Agile Software Development
2 3,631 (44.24%) AWS
3 3,179 (38.73%) Python
4 3,169 (38.61%) JavaScript
5 2,970 (36.18%) Java
6 2,867 (34.93%) React
7 2,676 (32.60%) Finance
8 2,513 (30.62%) Docker
9 2,175 (26.50%) Kubernetes
10 2,040 (24.85%) Microservices
11 1,999 (24.35%) Full Stack Development
12 1,931 (23.53%) TypeScript
13 1,814 (22.10%) SQL
14 1,774 (21.61%) Node.js
15 1,682 (20.49%) DevOps
16 1,647 (20.07%) Azure
17 1,505 (18.34%) C#
18 1,497 (18.24%) Social Skills
19 1,491 (18.17%) TDD
20 1,452 (17.69%) Serverless
21 1,427 (17.39%) GCP
22 1,358 (16.54%) Web Services
23 1,264 (15.40%) .NET
24 1,189 (14.49%) Terraform
25 1,174 (14.30%) Problem-Solving
26 1,173 (14.29%) Test Automation
27 1,155 (14.07%) Analytics
28 1,093 (13.32%) Git (software)
29 1,073 (13.07%) PostgreSQL
30 1,069 (13.02%) Computer Science

Software Engineering
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 453 (5.52%) Elasticsearch
2 335 (4.08%) Apache Spark
3 263 (3.20%) Apache
4 170 (2.07%) Confluence
5 98 (1.19%) CMS
6 67 (0.82%) Apache Airflow
6 67 (0.82%) Tomcat
7 41 (0.50%) SAS
8 40 (0.49%) Apache Pulsar
9 37 (0.45%) Tornado
10 30 (0.37%) nginx
11 24 (0.29%) WordPress
12 23 (0.28%) Drupal
12 23 (0.28%) SharePoint
13 21 (0.26%) Jupyter
14 17 (0.21%) Apache Solr
14 17 (0.21%) Apache TomEE
15 16 (0.19%) Ethereum
16 13 (0.16%) Cloud Foundry
16 13 (0.16%) Traefik
Applications
1 56 (0.68%) Sketch
2 33 (0.40%) Figma
2 33 (0.40%) InVision
3 30 (0.37%) Microsoft Excel
4 26 (0.32%) Photoshop
5 20 (0.24%) Adobe Illustrator
6 19 (0.23%) GIMP
7 18 (0.22%) Spreadsheet
8 17 (0.21%) Microsoft Office
9 8 (0.097%) Microsoft PowerPoint
10 6 (0.073%) Maya
11 5 (0.061%) Chatbot
11 5 (0.061%) Fireworks
12 4 (0.049%) Zeplin
13 3 (0.037%) Adobe Creative Suite
13 3 (0.037%) MS Visio
13 3 (0.037%) UXPin
14 2 (0.024%) Adobe XD
15 1 (0.012%) Adobe After Effects
15 1 (0.012%) OmniGraffle
Business Applications
1 68 (0.83%) Distributed Ledger
2 63 (0.77%) R3 Corda
3 40 (0.49%) Shopify
4 31 (0.38%) Magento
5 27 (0.33%) Payment Gateway
6 19 (0.23%) Summit
7 14 (0.17%) Dynamics CRM
8 9 (0.11%) Sentinel
9 8 (0.097%) Primavera
10 5 (0.061%) Refinitiv Enterprise Platform
10 5 (0.061%) RMDS
11 4 (0.049%) MetaTrader
11 4 (0.049%) Oracle Financials
12 3 (0.037%) Actimize
12 3 (0.037%) NetSuite
12 3 (0.037%) Oracle BPM
13 2 (0.024%) Academy Revenues and Benefits
13 2 (0.024%) Hyperion Planning
13 2 (0.024%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
13 2 (0.024%) SAP R/3
Cloud Services
1 3,631 (44.24%) AWS
2 1,647 (20.07%) Azure
3 1,452 (17.69%) Serverless
4 1,427 (17.39%) GCP
5 909 (11.07%) AWS Lambda
6 564 (6.87%) GitHub
7 523 (6.37%) Amazon S3
8 406 (4.95%) Amazon EC2
8 406 (4.95%) SaaS
9 372 (4.53%) Amazon SQS
10 336 (4.09%) Amazon ECS
11 243 (2.96%) AWS Step Functions
12 218 (2.66%) AWS CloudFormation
13 162 (1.97%) Cloud Computing
14 135 (1.64%) OpenShift
15 134 (1.63%) Amazon EKS
16 129 (1.57%) PaaS
17 122 (1.49%) Heroku
18 119 (1.45%) Amazon Kinesis
19 99 (1.21%) Slack
Communications & Networking
1 286 (3.48%) HTTP
2 159 (1.94%) Broadband
3 118 (1.44%) Internet
4 64 (0.78%) TCP/IP
5 32 (0.39%) DNS
6 27 (0.33%) SMS
7 23 (0.28%) SSL
8 22 (0.27%) Firewall
9 20 (0.24%) AMQP
9 20 (0.24%) Kerberos
9 20 (0.24%) SSH
9 20 (0.24%) Wireless
10 18 (0.22%) Bluetooth
11 17 (0.21%) 5G
11 17 (0.21%) WebEx
12 14 (0.17%) 4G
12 14 (0.17%) Profibus
12 14 (0.17%) Wi-Fi
13 12 (0.15%) DHCP
13 12 (0.15%) VPN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,073 (13.07%) PostgreSQL
2 790 (9.62%) NoSQL
3 716 (8.72%) Amazon DynamoDB
4 566 (6.90%) Relational Database
5 563 (6.86%) SQL Server
6 542 (6.60%) MongoDB
7 450 (5.48%) MySQL
8 368 (4.48%) Redis
9 357 (4.35%) Amazon RDS
10 343 (4.18%) Big Data
11 295 (3.59%) Amazon Aurora
12 247 (3.01%) Amazon Athena
13 191 (2.33%) Hadoop
14 146 (1.78%) Amazon Redshift
15 138 (1.68%) Blockchain
16 119 (1.45%) RDBMS
17 109 (1.33%) Apache Ignite
18 95 (1.16%) Apache Cassandra
19 86 (1.05%) BigQuery
20 82 (1.00%) Data Warehouse
Development Applications
1 1,093 (13.32%) Git (software)
2 773 (9.42%) Jenkins
3 354 (4.31%) JIRA
4 331 (4.03%) Cypress.io
5 292 (3.56%) GitLab
6 228 (2.78%) Octopus Deploy
7 197 (2.40%) TeamCity
8 195 (2.38%) CircleCI
9 190 (2.31%) webpack
10 155 (1.89%) Selenium
11 141 (1.72%) Maven
12 133 (1.62%) JUnit
13 127 (1.55%) Atlassian Bamboo
14 126 (1.54%) Team Foundation Server
15 114 (1.39%) SonarQube
16 112 (1.36%) Postman
17 107 (1.30%) Gradle
18 97 (1.18%) Bitbucket
19 76 (0.93%) Mocha
20 74 (0.90%) NUnit
General
1 2,676 (32.60%) Finance
2 1,497 (18.24%) Social Skills
3 694 (8.46%) Banking
4 678 (8.26%) Front Office
5 442 (5.38%) Games
6 437 (5.32%) Analytical Skills
7 432 (5.26%) Retail
8 320 (3.90%) Marketing
9 207 (2.52%) Inclusion and Diversity
10 161 (1.96%) Presentation Skills
11 155 (1.89%) Public Sector
12 152 (1.85%) Legal
13 150 (1.83%) Publishing
14 122 (1.49%) Law
15 114 (1.39%) Financial Institution
16 112 (1.36%) Telecoms
17 107 (1.30%) Investment Banking
18 98 (1.19%) Back Office
18 98 (1.19%) Influencing Skills
19 91 (1.11%) Advertising
Job Titles
1 3,905 (47.58%) Software Engineer
2 2,607 (31.76%) Developer
3 1,278 (15.57%) Senior Software Engineer
4 758 (9.23%) Developer/Software Engineer
5 607 (7.40%) Python Engineer
6 576 (7.02%) Senior Developer
7 536 (6.53%) Java Engineer
8 523 (6.37%) React Developer
9 489 (5.96%) Python Developer
10 457 (5.57%) Java Developer
11 430 (5.24%) Python Software Engineer
12 425 (5.18%) Java Software Engineer
13 358 (4.36%) AWS Engineer
14 343 (4.18%) Lead Software Engineer
15 301 (3.67%) Full Stack Developer
16 296 (3.61%) AWS Software Engineer
17 282 (3.44%) AWS Developer
18 242 (2.95%) Software Developer
19 236 (2.88%) Lead Developer
20 218 (2.66%) Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 2,867 (34.93%) React
2 1,774 (21.61%) Node.js
3 1,358 (16.54%) Web Services
4 1,264 (15.40%) .NET
5 1,058 (12.89%) AngularJS
6 967 (11.78%) REST
7 871 (10.61%) CSS
8 818 (9.97%) HTML
9 796 (9.70%) GraphQL
10 746 (9.09%) Kafka
11 694 (8.46%) Spring
12 679 (8.27%) RESTful
13 580 (7.07%) Vue.js
14 537 (6.54%) Redux
15 496 (6.04%) .NET Core
16 442 (5.38%) Spring Boot
17 385 (4.69%) Jest
18 361 (4.40%) React Native
19 349 (4.25%) Django
20 299 (3.64%) gRPC
Miscellaneous
1 957 (11.66%) User Experience
2 610 (7.43%) Hedge funds
3 569 (6.93%) Algorithms
4 406 (4.95%) Equities
5 388 (4.73%) Greenfield Project
6 384 (4.68%) Derivative
7 333 (4.06%) Data Structures
8 328 (4.00%) Fixed Income
9 324 (3.95%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
10 306 (3.73%) Mobile App
11 271 (3.30%) Cloud Native
12 250 (3.05%) Virtual Team
13 243 (2.96%) Enterprise Software
14 179 (2.18%) Blog
15 175 (2.13%) Self-Motivation
16 167 (2.03%) Pricing Data
17 159 (1.94%) Social Media
18 136 (1.66%) Legacy Systems
19 79 (0.96%) Public Cloud
20 78 (0.95%) Legacy Code
Operating Systems
1 655 (7.98%) Linux
2 289 (3.52%) Apple iOS
3 258 (3.14%) Android
4 253 (3.08%) Unix
5 177 (2.16%) Windows
6 34 (0.41%) Mesosphere
7 29 (0.35%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 28 (0.34%) Embedded Linux
9 15 (0.18%) Mac OS
10 14 (0.17%) Ubuntu
10 14 (0.17%) Windows Server
11 12 (0.15%) VMS
12 9 (0.11%) CoreOS
13 6 (0.073%) CentOS
14 5 (0.061%) Windows 10
15 4 (0.049%) FreeRTOS
15 4 (0.049%) VxWorks
16 3 (0.037%) Windows Server 2016
17 2 (0.024%) Alpine Linux
17 2 (0.024%) zOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 4,112 (50.10%) Agile Software Development
2 2,040 (24.85%) Microservices
3 1,999 (24.35%) Full Stack Development
4 1,682 (20.49%) DevOps
5 1,491 (18.17%) TDD
6 1,174 (14.30%) Problem-Solving
7 1,173 (14.29%) Test Automation
8 1,155 (14.07%) Analytics
9 1,069 (13.02%) Computer Science
10 1,008 (12.28%) Mentoring
11 979 (11.93%) Continuous Integration
12 978 (11.92%) Asset Management
13 966 (11.77%) Scrum
14 850 (10.36%) Artificial Intelligence
15 836 (10.19%) Fintech
16 782 (9.53%) SDLC
17 756 (9.21%) Machine Learning
18 732 (8.92%) Data Science
19 644 (7.85%) Investment Management
20 593 (7.22%) Open Source
Programming Languages
1 3,179 (38.73%) Python
2 3,169 (38.61%) JavaScript
3 2,970 (36.18%) Java
4 1,931 (23.53%) TypeScript
5 1,814 (22.10%) SQL
6 1,505 (18.34%) C#
7 722 (8.80%) Go
8 647 (7.88%) C++
9 623 (7.59%) Scala
10 589 (7.18%) Kotlin
11 405 (4.93%) Ruby
12 355 (4.33%) PHP
13 338 (4.12%) C
14 244 (2.97%) ES6
15 226 (2.75%) Clojure
16 198 (2.41%) Java 8
17 165 (2.01%) R
17 165 (2.01%) Rust
18 123 (1.50%) Java 11
19 121 (1.47%) Bash Shell
Qualifications
1 1,066 (12.99%) Degree
2 448 (5.46%) Computer Science Degree
3 184 (2.24%) Master's Degree
4 123 (1.50%) Security Cleared
5 97 (1.18%) SC Cleared
6 81 (0.99%) PhD
7 56 (0.68%) AWS Certification
8 32 (0.39%) HND
9 21 (0.26%) HNC
10 16 (0.19%) ISEB
10 16 (0.19%) ISTQB
11 15 (0.18%) SANS
12 13 (0.16%) DV Cleared
12 13 (0.16%) Numerate Degree
13 11 (0.13%) SAS Certification
14 7 (0.085%) DBS Check
15 6 (0.073%) BPSS Clearance
15 6 (0.073%) Postgraduate
15 6 (0.073%) SAFe Agilist
16 5 (0.061%) MBA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 818 (9.97%) QA
2 127 (1.55%) Accessibility
3 72 (0.88%) GDPR
4 51 (0.62%) WCAG
5 46 (0.56%) Data Quality
6 19 (0.23%) PSD2
6 19 (0.23%) SLA
7 12 (0.15%) HIPAA
8 10 (0.12%) ISO/IEC 27001
9 7 (0.085%) IEC 61508
9 7 (0.085%) NIST
10 5 (0.061%) IEC 62304
10 5 (0.061%) ISO 13485
10 5 (0.061%) ISO/IEC 15288
10 5 (0.061%) WAI
11 4 (0.049%) SOC 2
12 3 (0.037%) Cyber Essentials
12 3 (0.037%) PCI DSS
12 3 (0.037%) PMO
13 2 (0.024%) ISO 31000
System Software
1 2,513 (30.62%) Docker
2 31 (0.38%) Virtual Machines
3 29 (0.35%) VirtualBox
4 26 (0.32%) Apache ZooKeeper
5 23 (0.28%) Firmware
6 22 (0.27%) Active Directory
7 21 (0.26%) HDFS
8 15 (0.18%) VMware Infrastructure
9 10 (0.12%) ISA Server
10 9 (0.11%) Virtual Servers
11 3 (0.037%) Kamailio
11 3 (0.037%) LXC
11 3 (0.037%) OpenSIPS
11 3 (0.037%) Varnish
12 1 (0.012%) NFS
12 1 (0.012%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 2,175 (26.50%) Kubernetes
2 1,189 (14.49%) Terraform
3 328 (4.00%) Ansible
4 210 (2.56%) Grafana
5 191 (2.33%) Prometheus
6 138 (1.68%) Opscode Chef
7 118 (1.44%) Puppet
8 66 (0.80%) Istio
9 63 (0.77%) Kibana
10 58 (0.71%) Docker Swarm
11 36 (0.44%) logstash
12 34 (0.41%) Automic
13 32 (0.39%) Consul
14 20 (0.24%) Packer
15 15 (0.18%) Kubeflow
16 14 (0.17%) Control-M
17 11 (0.13%) Argo
17 11 (0.13%) Oozie
17 11 (0.13%) Rancher
18 10 (0.12%) yum
Vendors
1 779 (9.49%) Google
2 419 (5.10%) Microsoft
3 369 (4.50%) Oracle
4 119 (1.45%) Samsung
5 83 (1.01%) LexisNexis
6 81 (0.99%) Splunk
7 69 (0.84%) Apple
8 66 (0.80%) Xamarin
9 56 (0.68%) Dell
10 52 (0.63%) Sony
11 51 (0.62%) New Relic
12 47 (0.57%) IBM
13 46 (0.56%) Adobe
14 45 (0.55%) Red Hat
15 43 (0.52%) Informatica
16 42 (0.51%) Cloudera
16 42 (0.51%) Databricks
16 42 (0.51%) Sybase
17 39 (0.48%) SAP
17 39 (0.48%) Talend