Period
to 13 April 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Software Engineering skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Software Engineering over the 6 months to 13 April 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Software Engineering
England > London
6 months to
13 Apr 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 12 18 21
Rank change year-on-year +6 +3 +7
Permanent jobs citing Software Engineering 4,088 4,674 5,845
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in London 13.25% 9.95% 9.58%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 14.15% 10.61% 10.32%
Number of salaries quoted 3,178 3,912 4,398
10th Percentile £46,250 £46,500 £42,500
25th Percentile £59,500 £57,500 £53,250
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £75,000 £75,000 £70,000
Median % change year-on-year - +7.14% +12.00%
75th Percentile £97,500 £95,000 £87,500
90th Percentile £120,000 £120,000 £107,500
England median annual salary £60,000 £60,000 £55,000
% change year-on-year - +9.09% +4.76%

Software Engineering is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 28,893 44,038 56,628
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in London 93.68% 93.75% 92.77%
Number of salaries quoted 23,068 35,760 46,401
10th Percentile £42,500 £37,500 £36,250
25th Percentile £52,500 £50,000 £47,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £70,000 £65,000 £62,500
Median % change year-on-year +7.69% +4.00% +4.17%
75th Percentile £87,500 £85,000 £81,250
90th Percentile £105,000 £101,250 £96,250
England median annual salary £55,000 £55,000 £52,500
% change year-on-year - +4.76% +5.00%

Software Engineering
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Software Engineering as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Software Engineering in London

Software Engineering
Salary Trend in London

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Software Engineering in London.

Salary trend for Software Engineering in London

Software Engineering
Salary Histogram in London

Salary distribution for jobs citing Software Engineering in London over the 6 months to 13 April 2021.

Salary histogram for Software Engineering in London

Software Engineering
Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Software Engineering within the London region over the 6 months to 13 April 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London +6 579 £75,000 +3.45% 287
South London +10 129 £57,750 -3.75% 17
West London -8 65 £65,000 - 169
East London -7 11 £68,750 +1.85% 80
North London +19 3 £83,750 +52.27% 14
Software Engineering
England

For the 6 months to 13 April 2021, IT jobs citing Software Engineering also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the London region with a requirement for Software Engineering.

1 2,068 (50.59%) Agile Software Development
2 1,682 (41.14%) AWS
3 1,632 (39.92%) JavaScript
4 1,540 (37.67%) Python
5 1,419 (34.71%) Finance
6 1,344 (32.88%) Java
7 1,184 (28.96%) React
8 1,166 (28.52%) Docker
9 1,131 (27.67%) Microservices
10 990 (24.22%) Kubernetes
11 968 (23.68%) DevOps
12 966 (23.63%) .NET
13 910 (22.26%) Azure
14 909 (22.24%) C#
15 782 (19.13%) TDD
16 758 (18.54%) SQL
17 702 (17.17%) GCP
18 674 (16.49%) Node.js
19 673 (16.46%) Web Services
20 602 (14.73%) AngularJS
21 596 (14.58%) TypeScript
22 568 (13.89%) Serverless
23 550 (13.45%) .NET Core
24 544 (13.31%) Fintech
25 509 (12.45%) Scrum
26 478 (11.69%) Asset Management
27 464 (11.35%) Computer Science
28 447 (10.93%) Terraform
29 440 (10.76%) Analytics
30 430 (10.52%) Degree

Software Engineering
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 199 (4.87%) Apache Spark
2 134 (3.28%) Elasticsearch
3 110 (2.69%) Apache
4 68 (1.66%) Confluence
5 29 (0.71%) SAS
6 23 (0.56%) JBoss
6 23 (0.56%) Tomcat
7 22 (0.54%) Apache Airflow
8 19 (0.46%) CMS
8 19 (0.46%) Red Hat Fuse
8 19 (0.46%) SharePoint
9 18 (0.44%) Apache ServiceMix
9 18 (0.44%) Jupyter
10 16 (0.39%) nginx
11 13 (0.32%) Apache TomEE
11 13 (0.32%) Tornado
12 11 (0.27%) WebSphere
13 10 (0.24%) Headless CMS
14 9 (0.22%) Cloud Foundry
15 8 (0.20%) Adobe Experience Manager
Applications
1 34 (0.83%) Sketch
2 32 (0.78%) InVision
3 13 (0.32%) Microsoft Excel
4 10 (0.24%) Adobe Creative Suite
5 9 (0.22%) Microsoft Office
6 6 (0.15%) Zeplin
7 5 (0.12%) Chatbot
7 5 (0.12%) UXPin
8 4 (0.098%) Adobe XD
9 3 (0.073%) Spreadsheet
10 2 (0.049%) Adobe Illustrator
10 2 (0.049%) Figma
10 2 (0.049%) GIMP
10 2 (0.049%) Photoshop
10 2 (0.049%) Quicktime
11 1 (0.024%) Microsoft PowerPoint
11 1 (0.024%) MODO
11 1 (0.024%) Revit
11 1 (0.024%) Simulink
Business Applications
1 23 (0.56%) Dynamics CRM
2 18 (0.44%) Dynamics AX
3 16 (0.39%) R3 Corda
4 10 (0.24%) Eagle PACE
4 10 (0.24%) Markit EDM
5 9 (0.22%) Shopify
6 8 (0.20%) Distributed Ledger
6 8 (0.20%) Payment Gateway
7 6 (0.15%) Magento
8 4 (0.098%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
8 4 (0.098%) NetSuite
9 2 (0.049%) Academy Revenues and Benefits
9 2 (0.049%) Dynamics NAV
9 2 (0.049%) Maximo
9 2 (0.049%) Sentinel
10 1 (0.024%) MoSes
10 1 (0.024%) PolarLake
Cloud Services
1 1,682 (41.14%) AWS
2 910 (22.26%) Azure
3 702 (17.17%) GCP
4 568 (13.89%) Serverless
5 286 (7.00%) AWS Lambda
6 226 (5.53%) SaaS
7 157 (3.84%) GitHub
8 131 (3.20%) Amazon EC2
9 127 (3.11%) Amazon ECS
10 123 (3.01%) Amazon S3
11 79 (1.93%) AWS CloudFormation
12 72 (1.76%) Amazon SQS
13 70 (1.71%) PaaS
14 59 (1.44%) Cloud Computing
15 49 (1.20%) Amazon EMR
16 48 (1.17%) Azure Functions
16 48 (1.17%) IBM Cloud
17 45 (1.10%) AWS Step Functions
18 38 (0.93%) IaaS
18 38 (0.93%) npm
Communications & Networking
1 65 (1.59%) HTTP
2 44 (1.08%) Internet
3 13 (0.32%) AMQP
4 12 (0.29%) Firewall
5 11 (0.27%) VoIP
6 10 (0.24%) Network Security
6 10 (0.24%) TCP/IP
6 10 (0.24%) Wireless
7 8 (0.20%) Asterisk PBX
7 8 (0.20%) Wi-Fi
8 7 (0.17%) RTP
8 7 (0.17%) VPN
9 6 (0.15%) Bluetooth
9 6 (0.15%) ZigBee
10 5 (0.12%) DNS
10 5 (0.12%) Multicast
10 5 (0.12%) tcpdump
11 4 (0.098%) Broadband
11 4 (0.098%) SMS
12 3 (0.073%) LAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 367 (8.98%) NoSQL
2 362 (8.86%) PostgreSQL
3 322 (7.88%) SQL Server
4 273 (6.68%) Relational Database
5 266 (6.51%) Big Data
6 232 (5.68%) MySQL
7 166 (4.06%) Hadoop
8 159 (3.89%) MongoDB
9 148 (3.62%) Amazon DynamoDB
10 146 (3.57%) Redis
11 105 (2.57%) Amazon Redshift
12 74 (1.81%) Amazon RDS
12 74 (1.81%) RDBMS
13 61 (1.49%) Neo4j
14 60 (1.47%) Amazon Aurora
15 50 (1.22%) Amazon Athena
15 50 (1.22%) Data Warehouse
16 48 (1.17%) Blockchain
17 45 (1.10%) Apache Cassandra
17 45 (1.10%) BigQuery
Development Applications
1 412 (10.08%) Git (software)
2 276 (6.75%) Jenkins
3 232 (5.68%) GitLab
4 162 (3.96%) JIRA
5 143 (3.50%) Cypress.io
6 96 (2.35%) webpack
7 73 (1.79%) CircleCI
7 73 (1.79%) Selenium
8 71 (1.74%) Atlassian Bamboo
9 65 (1.59%) Maven
10 57 (1.39%) Mocha
10 57 (1.39%) TeamCity
11 56 (1.37%) Vagrant
12 52 (1.27%) Octopus Deploy
13 49 (1.20%) Gradle
14 48 (1.17%) Visual Studio
15 38 (0.93%) Storybook
16 36 (0.88%) JUnit
17 35 (0.86%) Bitbucket
18 34 (0.83%) Artifactory
General
1 1,419 (34.71%) Finance
2 398 (9.74%) Front Office
3 272 (6.65%) Banking
4 247 (6.04%) Games
5 207 (5.06%) Retail
6 147 (3.60%) Marketing
7 127 (3.11%) Public Sector
8 87 (2.13%) Telecoms
9 79 (1.93%) Electronics
10 78 (1.91%) Manufacturing
11 49 (1.20%) Financial Institution
12 48 (1.17%) Legal
13 40 (0.98%) Advertising
13 40 (0.98%) Back Office
14 39 (0.95%) Law
15 38 (0.93%) Investment Banking
16 29 (0.71%) Publishing
17 27 (0.66%) Online Betting
18 24 (0.59%) Pharmaceutical
19 17 (0.42%) Billing
Job Titles
1 1,773 (43.37%) Software Engineer
2 1,547 (37.84%) Developer
3 480 (11.74%) Developer/Software Engineer
4 474 (11.59%) Senior Software Engineer
5 370 (9.05%) React Developer
6 288 (7.05%) Java Engineer
7 287 (7.02%) Senior Developer
8 283 (6.92%) AWS Engineer
9 259 (6.34%) Java Developer
10 234 (5.72%) .NET Software Engineer
11 231 (5.65%) Java Software Engineer
12 219 (5.36%) JavaScript Developer
13 215 (5.26%) Python Developer
14 210 (5.14%) AWS Software Engineer
15 196 (4.79%) AWS Developer
16 189 (4.62%) .NET Developer
17 180 (4.40%) Python Engineer
18 163 (3.99%) Architect
19 160 (3.91%) Software Developer
20 152 (3.72%) JavaScript Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,184 (28.96%) React
2 966 (23.63%) .NET
3 674 (16.49%) Node.js
4 673 (16.46%) Web Services
5 602 (14.73%) AngularJS
6 550 (13.45%) .NET Core
7 428 (10.47%) CSS
8 409 (10.00%) Kafka
9 391 (9.56%) HTML
10 368 (9.00%) REST
11 329 (8.05%) Vue.js
12 318 (7.78%) Spring
13 292 (7.14%) React Native
14 277 (6.78%) .NET Framework
15 250 (6.12%) RESTful
16 234 (5.72%) GraphQL
16 234 (5.72%) Spring Boot
17 192 (4.70%) HTML5
18 171 (4.18%) ASP.NET
19 163 (3.99%) CSS3
Miscellaneous
1 361 (8.83%) Hedge funds
2 340 (8.32%) Greenfield Project
3 261 (6.38%) Derivative
4 255 (6.24%) User Experience
5 243 (5.94%) Equities
6 236 (5.77%) Fixed Income
7 205 (5.01%) Algorithms
8 200 (4.89%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
9 151 (3.69%) Blog
10 150 (3.67%) Analytical Skills
10 150 (3.67%) Cloud Native
11 131 (3.20%) Data Structures
12 112 (2.74%) Mobile App
13 110 (2.69%) Self-Motivation
14 104 (2.54%) Virtual Team
15 80 (1.96%) Social Media
16 63 (1.54%) Enterprise Software
17 52 (1.27%) Pricing Data
18 46 (1.13%) Public Cloud
19 37 (0.91%) Online Games
Operating Systems
1 373 (9.12%) Linux
2 111 (2.72%) Android
3 93 (2.27%) Windows
4 92 (2.25%) Unix
5 86 (2.10%) Apple iOS
6 29 (0.71%) CentOS
6 29 (0.71%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 17 (0.42%) Embedded Linux
8 9 (0.22%) Debian
9 8 (0.20%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
10 4 (0.098%) Windows Server
11 2 (0.049%) Mac OS
11 2 (0.049%) Robot Operating System
11 2 (0.049%) Ubuntu
12 1 (0.024%) CoreOS
12 1 (0.024%) FreeRTOS
12 1 (0.024%) Mac OS X
12 1 (0.024%) Nucleus RTOS
12 1 (0.024%) OpenWrt
12 1 (0.024%) Windows Server 2016
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,068 (50.59%) Agile Software Development
2 1,131 (27.67%) Microservices
3 968 (23.68%) DevOps
4 782 (19.13%) TDD
5 544 (13.31%) Fintech
6 509 (12.45%) Scrum
7 478 (11.69%) Asset Management
8 464 (11.35%) Computer Science
9 440 (10.76%) Analytics
10 388 (9.49%) Mentoring
11 376 (9.20%) Continuous Integration
12 332 (8.12%) Investment Management
13 324 (7.93%) Problem-Solving
14 323 (7.90%) Test Automation
15 318 (7.78%) Open Source
16 307 (7.51%) OO
17 284 (6.95%) Artificial Intelligence
18 261 (6.38%) BDD
19 251 (6.14%) Coaching
20 244 (5.97%) Unit Testing
Programming Languages
1 1,632 (39.92%) JavaScript
2 1,540 (37.67%) Python
3 1,344 (32.88%) Java
4 909 (22.24%) C#
5 758 (18.54%) SQL
6 596 (14.58%) TypeScript
7 351 (8.59%) C++
8 327 (8.00%) Go
9 218 (5.33%) Scala
10 205 (5.01%) Kotlin
11 150 (3.67%) C
12 147 (3.60%) Ruby
13 142 (3.47%) Java 8
14 116 (2.84%) ES6
15 98 (2.40%) PHP
16 88 (2.15%) R
17 47 (1.15%) Bash Shell
18 45 (1.10%) Rust
19 42 (1.03%) Clojure
20 33 (0.81%) PowerShell
Qualifications
1 430 (10.52%) Degree
2 187 (4.57%) Computer Science Degree
3 143 (3.50%) Security Cleared
4 125 (3.06%) SC Cleared
5 46 (1.13%) Master's Degree
6 41 (1.00%) PhD
7 24 (0.59%) DV Cleared
8 22 (0.54%) Numerate Degree
9 19 (0.46%) SANS
10 12 (0.29%) OSCP
11 10 (0.24%) OSCE
12 9 (0.22%) BPSS Clearance
13 6 (0.15%) AWS Certification
14 5 (0.12%) DBS Check
15 3 (0.073%) RHCE
15 3 (0.073%) RHCSA
16 2 (0.049%) ISTQB
16 2 (0.049%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
16 2 (0.049%) Microsoft Certification
17 1 (0.024%) Sun Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 150 (3.67%) QA
2 30 (0.73%) GDPR
3 22 (0.54%) WCAG
4 14 (0.34%) PCI DSS
5 13 (0.32%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 12 (0.29%) SOC 2
7 10 (0.24%) NIST
7 10 (0.24%) SOC 1
8 8 (0.20%) Data Quality
9 6 (0.15%) SLA
10 3 (0.073%) HIPAA
11 1 (0.024%) COBIT
11 1 (0.024%) IEC 62304
11 1 (0.024%) ISO 13485
11 1 (0.024%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
11 1 (0.024%) WAI
System Software
1 1,166 (28.52%) Docker
2 49 (1.20%) VirtualBox
3 18 (0.44%) HDFS
4 14 (0.34%) Firmware
5 9 (0.22%) Active Directory
6 8 (0.20%) Kamailio
6 8 (0.20%) OpenSIPS
7 5 (0.12%) Virtual Servers
7 5 (0.12%) VMware Infrastructure
8 3 (0.073%) OpenAM
8 3 (0.073%) OpenDJ
9 2 (0.049%) etcd
9 2 (0.049%) Hyper-V
10 1 (0.024%) Apache ZooKeeper
10 1 (0.024%) ISA Server
10 1 (0.024%) VMware ESXi
10 1 (0.024%) vSphere
10 1 (0.024%) Xen
Systems Management
1 990 (24.22%) Kubernetes
2 447 (10.93%) Terraform
3 190 (4.65%) Ansible
4 59 (1.44%) Docker Swarm
5 58 (1.42%) Puppet
6 36 (0.88%) Opscode Chef
7 34 (0.83%) Prometheus
8 31 (0.76%) Grafana
9 20 (0.49%) Consul
10 19 (0.46%) Istio
11 11 (0.27%) Nagios
12 10 (0.24%) linkerd
12 10 (0.24%) Packer
13 9 (0.22%) Kibana
14 8 (0.20%) Single Sign-On
15 7 (0.17%) ITRS Geneos
16 6 (0.15%) Rancher
17 5 (0.12%) Graphite
17 5 (0.12%) yum
18 4 (0.098%) Mesos
Vendors
1 312 (7.63%) Google
2 213 (5.21%) Microsoft
3 136 (3.33%) Oracle
4 79 (1.93%) IBM
5 70 (1.71%) Cloudera
6 64 (1.57%) Talend
7 59 (1.44%) SAP
8 52 (1.27%) Sybase
9 51 (1.25%) Informatica
10 49 (1.20%) Hortonworks
11 29 (0.71%) Adobe
12 25 (0.61%) Charles River
12 25 (0.61%) MuleSoft
13 24 (0.59%) Salesforce.com
13 24 (0.59%) TIBCO
14 21 (0.51%) Dell
15 20 (0.49%) Facebook
15 20 (0.49%) WSO2
16 19 (0.46%) Samsung
16 19 (0.46%) UiPath