Period
to 14 April 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Java skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Java over the 6 months to 14 April 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Java
England > London
6 months to
14 Apr 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 9 6 5
Rank change year-on-year -3 -1 0
Permanent jobs citing Java 5,405 8,272 11,008
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in London 17.50% 17.73% 18.03%
As % of the Programming Languages category 29.30% 31.44% 31.71%
Number of salaries quoted 4,358 6,878 8,986
10th Percentile £51,250 £46,250 £43,750
25th Percentile £62,500 £60,000 £53,750
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £77,500 £75,000 £70,000
Median % change year-on-year +3.33% +7.14% +7.69%
75th Percentile £95,000 £95,000 £88,750
90th Percentile £115,000 £120,000 £105,000
England median annual salary £65,000 £65,000 £60,000
% change year-on-year - +8.33% +9.09%

Java is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 18,450 26,312 34,714
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in London 59.72% 56.41% 56.86%
Number of salaries quoted 14,978 22,010 29,421
10th Percentile £43,750 £41,250 £37,500
25th Percentile £55,000 £51,250 £47,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £70,000 £67,500 £65,000
Median % change year-on-year +3.70% +3.85% +8.33%
75th Percentile £88,750 £85,000 £81,250
90th Percentile £105,000 £105,000 £95,000
England median annual salary £57,500 £55,000 £52,500
% change year-on-year +4.55% +4.76% +5.00%

Java
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Java as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Java in London

Java
Salary Trend in London

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Java in London.

Salary trend for Java in London

Java
Salary Histogram in London

Salary distribution for jobs citing Java in London over the 6 months to 14 April 2021.

Salary histogram for Java in London

Java
Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Java within the London region over the 6 months to 14 April 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London -4 1,078 £80,000 +6.67% 306
South London +9 175 £62,000 +3.33% 22
West London -20 60 £70,000 +7.69% 165
East London -1 25 £72,500 -12.12% 78
North London +26 9 £60,000 +9.09% 4
Java
England

For the 6 months to 14 April 2021, IT jobs citing Java also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the London region with a requirement for Java.

1 2,615 (48.38%) Agile Software Development
2 1,965 (36.36%) AWS
3 1,955 (36.17%) Python
4 1,573 (29.10%) Finance
5 1,554 (28.75%) Microservices
6 1,521 (28.14%) Docker
7 1,362 (25.20%) JavaScript
8 1,346 (24.90%) Software Engineering
9 1,343 (24.85%) DevOps
10 1,274 (23.57%) Kubernetes
11 1,214 (22.46%) SQL
12 1,149 (21.26%) Spring
13 1,074 (19.87%) TDD
14 894 (16.54%) Azure
15 876 (16.21%) Test Automation
16 821 (15.19%) Banking
17 803 (14.86%) React
18 780 (14.43%) Fintech
19 760 (14.06%) GCP
20 759 (14.04%) Kafka
21 740 (13.69%) Spring Boot
22 722 (13.36%) Jenkins
23 695 (12.86%) Scrum
24 687 (12.71%) Web Services
25 666 (12.32%) C#
26 649 (12.01%) Git (software)
27 604 (11.17%) Java 8
28 599 (11.08%) Linux
28 599 (11.08%) BDD
29 585 (10.82%) Node.js

Java
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 298 (5.51%) Apache Spark
2 229 (4.24%) Confluence
3 188 (3.48%) Apache
4 176 (3.26%) Elasticsearch
5 70 (1.30%) Tomcat
6 59 (1.09%) CMS
6 59 (1.09%) SAS
7 44 (0.81%) WebSphere
8 43 (0.80%) JBoss
9 38 (0.70%) Cloud Foundry
10 36 (0.67%) Apache Airflow
11 30 (0.56%) Red Hat Fuse
12 25 (0.46%) nginx
13 19 (0.35%) WebLogic
14 18 (0.33%) Apache ServiceMix
14 18 (0.33%) IIS
15 17 (0.31%) Adobe Experience Manager
15 17 (0.31%) Oracle SOA Suite
16 16 (0.30%) OpenStack
17 14 (0.26%) Apache TomEE
Applications
1 44 (0.81%) Sketch
2 42 (0.78%) Microsoft Office
3 37 (0.68%) InVision
4 21 (0.39%) Adobe XD
5 20 (0.37%) Figma
5 20 (0.37%) Spreadsheet
6 19 (0.35%) Microsoft Excel
7 8 (0.15%) SPSS
8 5 (0.093%) Microsoft PowerPoint
8 5 (0.093%) MS Visio
8 5 (0.093%) Zeplin
9 2 (0.037%) 3ds Max
9 2 (0.037%) Maya
9 2 (0.037%) Photoshop
9 2 (0.037%) ZBrush
Business Applications
1 20 (0.37%) Payment Gateway
2 14 (0.26%) Shopify
3 12 (0.22%) Oracle EBS
4 11 (0.20%) R3 Corda
5 10 (0.19%) Oracle ERP
5 10 (0.19%) PeopleSoft HCM
6 7 (0.13%) SAP Hybris
7 5 (0.093%) SAP CRM
8 4 (0.074%) Distributed Ledger
8 4 (0.074%) FINCAD Analytics
8 4 (0.074%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
8 4 (0.074%) Oracle BPM
8 4 (0.074%) Temenos T24
9 2 (0.037%) Magento
9 2 (0.037%) NetSuite
9 2 (0.037%) Oracle Cash Management
9 2 (0.037%) Oracle EBS R12
9 2 (0.037%) Oracle General Ledger
9 2 (0.037%) Oracle Payables
9 2 (0.037%) Oracle Receivables
Cloud Services
1 1,965 (36.36%) AWS
2 894 (16.54%) Azure
3 760 (14.06%) GCP
4 371 (6.86%) Serverless
5 282 (5.22%) SaaS
6 229 (4.24%) AWS Lambda
7 212 (3.92%) Amazon EC2
8 153 (2.83%) Amazon ECS
9 147 (2.72%) PaaS
10 136 (2.52%) Amazon S3
11 122 (2.26%) GitHub
12 118 (2.18%) AWS CloudFormation
13 90 (1.67%) OpenShift
14 87 (1.61%) Cloud Computing
15 78 (1.44%) IaaS
16 66 (1.22%) Amazon SQS
17 65 (1.20%) Amazon EKS
18 63 (1.17%) Amazon Kinesis
19 55 (1.02%) Apigee
20 50 (0.93%) Boomi
Communications & Networking
1 88 (1.63%) HTTP
2 46 (0.85%) Internet
3 28 (0.52%) TCP/IP
4 25 (0.46%) Firewall
5 24 (0.44%) DNS
6 16 (0.30%) AMQP
7 15 (0.28%) IMAP
7 15 (0.28%) SMTP
8 12 (0.22%) FTP
9 11 (0.20%) 5G
9 11 (0.20%) SSH
10 8 (0.15%) DSL
10 8 (0.15%) VPN
11 7 (0.13%) SSL
12 6 (0.11%) Software-Defined Networking
13 5 (0.093%) 3G
13 5 (0.093%) 4G
13 5 (0.093%) Broadband
13 5 (0.093%) HTTPS
13 5 (0.093%) Network Security
Database & Business Intelligence
1 482 (8.92%) PostgreSQL
2 413 (7.64%) NoSQL
3 405 (7.49%) Big Data
4 354 (6.55%) Relational Database
5 320 (5.92%) MySQL
6 303 (5.61%) Hadoop
7 267 (4.94%) MongoDB
7 267 (4.94%) SQL Server
8 135 (2.50%) RDBMS
9 134 (2.48%) Apache Cassandra
10 122 (2.26%) Amazon DynamoDB
11 110 (2.04%) Data Warehouse
12 107 (1.98%) Redis
13 101 (1.87%) Blockchain
14 88 (1.63%) Amazon Redshift
15 86 (1.59%) BigQuery
16 72 (1.33%) Apache Hive
17 71 (1.31%) Amazon RDS
17 71 (1.31%) Tableau
18 64 (1.18%) Amazon Aurora
Development Applications
1 722 (13.36%) Jenkins
2 649 (12.01%) Git (software)
3 433 (8.01%) JIRA
4 419 (7.75%) Selenium
5 335 (6.20%) Cucumber
6 309 (5.72%) Maven
7 207 (3.83%) JUnit
8 194 (3.59%) GitLab
9 156 (2.89%) Gradle
10 139 (2.57%) WebDriver
11 111 (2.05%) Appium
12 109 (2.02%) Artifactory
12 109 (2.02%) Mockito
13 97 (1.79%) JMeter
14 94 (1.74%) SonarQube
15 91 (1.68%) Bitbucket
16 83 (1.54%) Atlassian Bamboo
17 70 (1.30%) Postman
18 64 (1.18%) Cypress.io
19 57 (1.05%) TeamCity
General
1 1,573 (29.10%) Finance
2 821 (15.19%) Banking
3 422 (7.81%) Front Office
4 199 (3.68%) Games
5 197 (3.64%) Investment Banking
6 185 (3.42%) Retail
7 162 (3.00%) Public Sector
8 107 (1.98%) Marketing
9 77 (1.42%) Advertising
10 47 (0.87%) Back Office
11 44 (0.81%) Financial Institution
12 36 (0.67%) Telecoms
13 33 (0.61%) Law
14 28 (0.52%) Billing
14 28 (0.52%) Legal
15 26 (0.48%) Electronics
16 23 (0.43%) Online Betting
17 22 (0.41%) Pharmaceutical
18 20 (0.37%) Manufacturing
19 17 (0.31%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 2,548 (47.14%) Developer
2 1,510 (27.94%) Java Developer
3 623 (11.53%) Software Engineer
4 548 (10.14%) Senior Developer
5 507 (9.38%) Java Engineer
6 328 (6.07%) Senior Java Developer
7 282 (5.22%) Architect
8 268 (4.96%) AWS Engineer
9 244 (4.51%) DevOps Engineer
10 233 (4.31%) Java Software Engineer
11 222 (4.11%) Full Stack Developer
12 218 (4.03%) Python Developer
13 214 (3.96%) Data Engineer
14 196 (3.63%) Lead Developer
15 172 (3.18%) Python Engineer
16 162 (3.00%) AWS Developer
17 159 (2.94%) React Developer
18 152 (2.81%) Developer/Software Engineer
19 148 (2.74%) Software Developer
20 140 (2.59%) Senior Software Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,149 (21.26%) Spring
2 803 (14.86%) React
3 759 (14.04%) Kafka
4 740 (13.69%) Spring Boot
5 687 (12.71%) Web Services
6 585 (10.82%) Node.js
7 548 (10.14%) REST
8 518 (9.58%) AngularJS
9 453 (8.38%) RESTful
10 425 (7.86%) HTML
11 355 (6.57%) CSS
12 345 (6.38%) .NET
13 261 (4.83%) Hibernate
14 198 (3.66%) HTML5
15 176 (3.26%) JSON
16 173 (3.20%) Vue.js
17 169 (3.13%) XML
18 168 (3.11%) GraphQL
19 160 (2.96%) SOAP
20 146 (2.70%) gRPC
Miscellaneous
1 334 (6.18%) Greenfield Project
2 320 (5.92%) Analytical Skills
3 315 (5.83%) Fixed Income
4 298 (5.51%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
5 275 (5.09%) Equities
6 246 (4.55%) Algorithms
7 236 (4.37%) Derivative
8 234 (4.33%) Hedge funds
9 196 (3.63%) User Experience
10 179 (3.31%) Data Structures
11 175 (3.24%) Mobile App
12 161 (2.98%) Cloud Native
13 151 (2.79%) Self-Motivation
14 111 (2.05%) Enterprise Software
15 99 (1.83%) Virtual Team
16 72 (1.33%) NHS
17 58 (1.07%) Blog
18 52 (0.96%) Market Risk
18 52 (0.96%) Pricing Data
19 50 (0.93%) Public Cloud
Operating Systems
1 599 (11.08%) Linux
2 259 (4.79%) Android
3 255 (4.72%) Unix
4 162 (3.00%) Windows
5 110 (2.04%) Apple iOS
6 42 (0.78%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 40 (0.74%) CentOS
8 21 (0.39%) Solaris
9 17 (0.31%) Ubuntu
10 10 (0.19%) Windows Server
11 9 (0.17%) CoreOS
11 9 (0.17%) zOS
12 5 (0.093%) Windows Server 2016
13 3 (0.056%) AIX
13 3 (0.056%) Embedded Linux
14 2 (0.037%) Mac OS X
14 2 (0.037%) VMS
15 1 (0.019%) Debian
15 1 (0.019%) Windows 10
15 1 (0.019%) Windows 7
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,615 (48.38%) Agile Software Development
2 1,554 (28.75%) Microservices
3 1,346 (24.90%) Software Engineering
4 1,343 (24.85%) DevOps
5 1,074 (19.87%) TDD
6 876 (16.21%) Test Automation
7 780 (14.43%) Fintech
8 695 (12.86%) Scrum
9 599 (11.08%) BDD
10 521 (9.64%) Continuous Integration
11 492 (9.10%) Analytics
12 469 (8.68%) Computer Science
13 463 (8.57%) Mentoring
14 451 (8.34%) Problem-Solving
15 418 (7.73%) Open Source
16 416 (7.70%) OO
17 345 (6.38%) Multithreading
18 330 (6.11%) Asset Management
19 321 (5.94%) SDLC
20 292 (5.40%) Machine Learning
Programming Languages
1 1,955 (36.17%) Python
2 1,362 (25.20%) JavaScript
3 1,214 (22.46%) SQL
4 666 (12.32%) C#
5 604 (11.17%) Java 8
6 552 (10.21%) Scala
7 486 (8.99%) Kotlin
8 393 (7.27%) C++
9 389 (7.20%) Go
10 382 (7.07%) TypeScript
11 181 (3.35%) Bash Shell
12 168 (3.11%) Ruby
13 162 (3.00%) C
14 135 (2.50%) R
15 119 (2.20%) PHP
16 113 (2.09%) Groovy
17 100 (1.85%) Shell Script
18 93 (1.72%) Perl
19 91 (1.68%) PL/SQL
20 90 (1.67%) PowerShell
Qualifications
1 501 (9.27%) Degree
2 175 (3.24%) Security Cleared
3 174 (3.22%) Computer Science Degree
4 140 (2.59%) SC Cleared
5 44 (0.81%) Master's Degree
6 37 (0.68%) ISTQB
7 32 (0.59%) PhD
8 24 (0.44%) ISEB
9 22 (0.41%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
9 22 (0.41%) SANS
10 20 (0.37%) BPSS Clearance
10 20 (0.37%) DV Cleared
10 20 (0.37%) Numerate Degree
11 19 (0.35%) Oracle Certification
12 14 (0.26%) Microsoft Certification
13 10 (0.19%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
14 9 (0.17%) CIW
14 9 (0.17%) OCP
14 9 (0.17%) OSCE
14 9 (0.17%) OSCP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 430 (7.96%) QA
2 32 (0.59%) NIST
3 26 (0.48%) Data Quality
4 24 (0.44%) WCAG
5 21 (0.39%) GDPR
6 18 (0.33%) MiFID
7 17 (0.31%) SLA
8 16 (0.30%) ISO/IEC 27001
9 12 (0.22%) EMIR
10 9 (0.17%) Dodd-Frank
10 9 (0.17%) GRC
10 9 (0.17%) PCI DSS
10 9 (0.17%) SOC 1
10 9 (0.17%) SOC 2
11 4 (0.074%) ISO 20022
12 3 (0.056%) ISO 13485
12 3 (0.056%) NCSC
13 2 (0.037%) Government Security Classifications
13 2 (0.037%) HIPAA
14 1 (0.019%) ISO/IEC 27005
System Software
1 1,521 (28.14%) Docker
2 36 (0.67%) VMware Infrastructure
3 33 (0.61%) Active Directory
4 30 (0.56%) HDFS
5 21 (0.39%) Virtual Machines
6 11 (0.20%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 9 (0.17%) Hyper-V
8 8 (0.15%) Postfix
9 4 (0.074%) KVM
10 3 (0.056%) Firmware
10 3 (0.056%) OpenAM
10 3 (0.056%) OpenDJ
11 2 (0.037%) Platform Symphony
11 2 (0.037%) Xen
12 1 (0.019%) Apache Flume
12 1 (0.019%) GridGain
12 1 (0.019%) Snort
12 1 (0.019%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 1,274 (23.57%) Kubernetes
2 475 (8.79%) Terraform
3 364 (6.73%) Ansible
4 180 (3.33%) Puppet
5 112 (2.07%) Opscode Chef
6 86 (1.59%) Prometheus
7 74 (1.37%) Grafana
8 32 (0.59%) Istio
9 24 (0.44%) HP Quality Center
10 21 (0.39%) Docker Swarm
10 21 (0.39%) Fortio
10 21 (0.39%) Kiali
11 19 (0.35%) Packer
12 16 (0.30%) Consul
13 14 (0.26%) Nagios
14 12 (0.22%) Single Sign-On
15 10 (0.19%) Kibana
15 10 (0.19%) logstash
15 10 (0.19%) ZABBIX
16 9 (0.17%) ITRS Geneos
Vendors
1 413 (7.64%) Oracle
2 344 (6.36%) Google
3 199 (3.68%) Microsoft
4 109 (2.02%) IBM
5 98 (1.81%) Sybase
6 75 (1.39%) Red Hat
7 73 (1.35%) MuleSoft
8 65 (1.20%) SAP
8 65 (1.20%) Talend
9 62 (1.15%) Splunk
10 51 (0.94%) Atlassian
11 48 (0.89%) Adobe
12 43 (0.80%) VMware
13 42 (0.78%) TIBCO
14 41 (0.76%) Cloudera
15 40 (0.74%) Salesforce.com
16 36 (0.67%) Informatica
17 35 (0.65%) Dell
18 31 (0.57%) AppDynamics
18 31 (0.57%) Solace