Period
to

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Java skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Java over the 6 months to 23 May 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Java
England > London
6 months to
23 May 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 11 10 7
Rank change year-on-year -1 -3 -1
Permanent jobs citing Java 12,730 5,791 6,853
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in London 18.10% 16.84% 17.69%
As % of the Programming Languages category 29.55% 27.93% 31.02%
Number of salaries quoted 5,000 4,321 5,684
10th Percentile £50,000 £50,000 £47,250
25th Percentile £63,469 £62,500 £60,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £85,000 £80,000 £77,000
Median % change year-on-year +6.25% +3.90% +10.00%
75th Percentile £107,500 £97,500 £95,000
90th Percentile £130,000 £115,000 £120,000
England median annual salary £72,500 £65,000 £65,000
% change year-on-year +11.54% - +8.33%

Java is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 43,074 20,737 22,090
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in London 61.25% 60.30% 57.03%
Number of salaries quoted 18,870 15,556 18,461
10th Percentile £46,250 £43,750 £41,875
25th Percentile £56,250 £55,000 £52,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £75,000 £70,000 £70,000
Median % change year-on-year +7.14% - +7.69%
75th Percentile £95,000 £88,750 £86,250
90th Percentile £115,000 £105,000 £105,000
England median annual salary £62,500 £57,500 £55,000
% change year-on-year +8.70% +4.55% +4.76%

Java
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Java as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Java in London

Java
Salary Trend in London

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Java in London.

Salary trend for Java in London

Java
Salary Histogram in London

Salary distribution for jobs citing Java in London over the 6 months to 23 May 2022.

Salary histogram for Java in London

Java
Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Java within the London region over the 6 months to 23 May 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
Central London +2 1,404 £90,000 +12.50% 317
West London +15 431 £65,000 - 49
South London +1 363 £61,250 +1.57% 23
East London +9 149 £70,000 -3.45% 64
North London +4 72 £52,500 -12.50% 9
Java
England

For the 6 months to 23 May 2022, IT jobs citing Java also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the London region with a requirement for Java.

1 6,877 (54.02%) Agile
2 5,424 (42.61%) AWS
3 5,201 (40.86%) Python
4 4,875 (38.30%) Software Engineering
5 4,648 (36.51%) Finance
6 4,210 (33.07%) Microservices
7 4,114 (32.32%) CI/CD
8 4,112 (32.30%) JavaScript
9 3,960 (31.11%) Kubernetes
10 3,780 (29.69%) Docker
11 3,479 (27.33%) DevOps
12 3,312 (26.02%) TDD
13 3,309 (25.99%) Spring
14 3,129 (24.58%) SQL
15 3,074 (24.15%) Azure
16 2,743 (21.55%) GCP
17 2,646 (20.79%) Social Skills
18 2,623 (20.60%) React
19 2,593 (20.37%) Test Automation
20 2,537 (19.93%) Git (software)
21 2,496 (19.61%) Jenkins
22 2,349 (18.45%) Kafka
23 2,239 (17.59%) Spring Boot
24 2,225 (17.48%) Mentoring
25 1,956 (15.37%) C#
26 1,925 (15.12%) Scrum
27 1,903 (14.95%) REST
28 1,816 (14.27%) Problem-Solving
29 1,813 (14.24%) Full Stack Development
30 1,725 (13.55%) Node.js

Java
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 788 (6.19%) Apache Spark
2 521 (4.09%) Elasticsearch
3 408 (3.21%) Apache
4 317 (2.49%) Confluence
5 280 (2.20%) CMS
6 261 (2.05%) Apache Airflow
7 156 (1.23%) Tomcat
8 115 (0.90%) nginx
9 98 (0.77%) Apache Solr
10 85 (0.67%) Headless CMS
11 80 (0.63%) Cloud Foundry
12 71 (0.56%) Jetty
13 61 (0.48%) IIS
14 60 (0.47%) WebSphere
15 58 (0.46%) Apache Pulsar
16 44 (0.35%) SharePoint
17 41 (0.32%) WebLogic
18 40 (0.31%) Ethereum
18 40 (0.31%) OpenStack
19 38 (0.30%) Oracle Workflow
Applications
1 68 (0.53%) Microsoft Excel
2 35 (0.27%) Chatbot
2 35 (0.27%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 28 (0.22%) MS Visio
4 23 (0.18%) Microsoft Office
5 22 (0.17%) Sketch
6 20 (0.16%) InVision
7 18 (0.14%) Adobe Creative Suite
8 6 (0.047%) Spreadsheet
9 5 (0.039%) Maple
10 4 (0.031%) Adobe After Effects
11 3 (0.024%) LaTeX
11 3 (0.024%) Microsoft Project
12 2 (0.016%) Photoshop
13 1 (0.008%) Adobe Premiere
13 1 (0.008%) CATIA
Business Applications
1 116 (0.91%) Distributed Ledger
2 92 (0.72%) R3 Corda
3 53 (0.42%) Payment Gateway
4 46 (0.36%) Oracle BPM
5 39 (0.31%) Dynamics CRM
6 20 (0.16%) Oracle Payables
7 18 (0.14%) Dynamics AX
8 15 (0.12%) Magento
8 15 (0.12%) SAP Hybris
9 14 (0.11%) Shopify
10 12 (0.094%) Ripple
10 12 (0.094%) Ripple XRP
10 12 (0.094%) thinkFolio
11 11 (0.086%) NetSuite
12 9 (0.071%) Summit
13 8 (0.063%) Temenos T24
14 6 (0.047%) Academy Revenues and Benefits
14 6 (0.047%) Adobe Campaign
14 6 (0.047%) Oracle EBS
14 6 (0.047%) Remedy ITSM
Cloud Services
1 5,424 (42.61%) AWS
2 3,074 (24.15%) Azure
3 2,743 (21.55%) GCP
4 1,649 (12.95%) Serverless
5 786 (6.17%) AWS Lambda
6 745 (5.85%) GitHub
7 567 (4.45%) SaaS
8 487 (3.83%) Amazon S3
9 481 (3.78%) OpenShift
10 479 (3.76%) Cloud Computing
11 408 (3.21%) Amazon EC2
12 390 (3.06%) AWS CloudFormation
13 290 (2.28%) PaaS
14 275 (2.16%) Amazon ECS
15 254 (2.00%) Cloud Functions
16 249 (1.96%) Amazon Kinesis
17 183 (1.44%) npm
18 175 (1.37%) Snowflake
19 170 (1.34%) Amazon EKS
20 155 (1.22%) Amazon EMR
Communications & Networking
1 446 (3.50%) HTTP
2 294 (2.31%) Internet
3 160 (1.26%) Firewall
4 141 (1.11%) Broadband
5 103 (0.81%) TCP/IP
6 86 (0.68%) Network Security
7 76 (0.60%) VoIP
8 55 (0.43%) DNS
9 47 (0.37%) SSL
10 42 (0.33%) VPN
11 37 (0.29%) AMQP
11 37 (0.29%) MQTT
12 30 (0.24%) HTTPS
12 30 (0.24%) WebEx
13 29 (0.23%) Kerberos
14 23 (0.18%) FTP
14 23 (0.18%) SSH
15 22 (0.17%) PBX
16 21 (0.16%) PPP
17 18 (0.14%) DSL
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,602 (12.58%) NoSQL
2 1,549 (12.17%) PostgreSQL
3 1,168 (9.18%) MongoDB
4 1,165 (9.15%) Relational Database
5 1,133 (8.90%) MySQL
6 1,103 (8.66%) Big Data
7 658 (5.17%) SQL Server
8 592 (4.65%) Hadoop
9 514 (4.04%) Redis
10 509 (4.00%) Apache Cassandra
11 470 (3.69%) BigQuery
12 378 (2.97%) Amazon DynamoDB
13 348 (2.73%) Flink
14 307 (2.41%) Data Warehouse
15 305 (2.40%) Amazon Aurora
16 283 (2.22%) RDBMS
17 250 (1.96%) Amazon Redshift
18 248 (1.95%) Amazon RDS
19 218 (1.71%) Data Lake
20 211 (1.66%) Amazon Athena
Development Applications
1 2,537 (19.93%) Git (software)
2 2,496 (19.61%) Jenkins
3 1,158 (9.10%) Maven
4 994 (7.81%) JIRA
5 987 (7.75%) JUnit
6 824 (6.47%) Gradle
7 773 (6.07%) Selenium
8 634 (4.98%) Cucumber
9 459 (3.61%) Mockito
10 444 (3.49%) GitLab
11 344 (2.70%) Postman
12 330 (2.59%) Bitbucket
13 289 (2.27%) CircleCI
14 278 (2.18%) Atlassian Bamboo
14 278 (2.18%) Subversion
15 277 (2.18%) Cypress.io
16 268 (2.11%) JMeter
17 267 (2.10%) TeamCity
18 234 (1.84%) Appium
19 204 (1.60%) WebDriver
General
1 4,648 (36.51%) Finance
2 2,646 (20.79%) Social Skills
3 1,609 (12.64%) Banking
4 937 (7.36%) Inclusion and Diversity
5 921 (7.23%) Analytical Skills
6 900 (7.07%) Games
7 858 (6.74%) Retail
8 586 (4.60%) Manufacturing
9 540 (4.24%) Front Office
10 407 (3.20%) Marketing
11 358 (2.81%) Public Sector
12 248 (1.95%) Advertising
13 237 (1.86%) Financial Institution
14 224 (1.76%) Telecoms
15 197 (1.55%) Legal
16 186 (1.46%) Investment Banking
17 173 (1.36%) Law
18 145 (1.14%) Presentation Skills
19 91 (0.71%) Back Office
20 84 (0.66%) Automotive
Job Titles
1 4,446 (34.93%) Developer
2 2,779 (21.83%) Software Engineer
3 2,436 (19.14%) Java Developer
4 1,537 (12.07%) Java Engineer
5 1,314 (10.32%) Senior Developer
6 1,082 (8.50%) Senior Software Engineer
7 771 (6.06%) Senior Java Developer
8 663 (5.21%) Data Engineer
9 607 (4.77%) Java Software Engineer
10 597 (4.69%) Senior Java Engineer
11 573 (4.50%) DevOps Engineer
12 517 (4.06%) Architect
13 483 (3.79%) Software Developer
14 452 (3.55%) Full Stack Developer
15 400 (3.14%) AWS Engineer
16 360 (2.83%) Technical Leader
17 338 (2.66%) Developer/Software Engineer
18 332 (2.61%) Cloud Engineer
19 330 (2.59%) Lead Developer
20 317 (2.49%) Java Software Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 3,309 (25.99%) Spring
2 2,623 (20.60%) React
3 2,349 (18.45%) Kafka
4 2,239 (17.59%) Spring Boot
5 1,903 (14.95%) REST
6 1,725 (13.55%) Node.js
7 1,511 (11.87%) RESTful
8 1,421 (11.16%) AngularJS
9 1,355 (10.64%) HTML
10 1,307 (10.27%) .NET
11 1,239 (9.73%) CSS
12 873 (6.86%) Web Services
13 727 (5.71%) JSON
14 696 (5.47%) Hibernate
15 540 (4.24%) Vue.js
16 524 (4.12%) RabbitMQ
17 487 (3.83%) HTML5
18 444 (3.49%) GraphQL
19 396 (3.11%) XML
20 335 (2.63%) React Native
Miscellaneous
1 1,102 (8.66%) Algorithms
2 895 (7.03%) Data Structures
3 756 (5.94%) User Experience
4 687 (5.40%) Mobile App
5 669 (5.26%) Cloud Native
6 528 (4.15%) Life Science
7 519 (4.08%) Greenfield Project
8 426 (3.35%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
9 423 (3.32%) Derivative
10 419 (3.29%) Fixed Income
11 412 (3.24%) Enterprise Software
12 410 (3.22%) Hedge funds
13 381 (2.99%) Equities
14 375 (2.95%) Public Cloud
15 365 (2.87%) Self-Motivation
16 315 (2.47%) Blockchain
17 290 (2.28%) Blog
18 243 (1.91%) Social Media
19 230 (1.81%) Social Network
20 212 (1.67%) Linux Command Line
Operating Systems
1 1,560 (12.25%) Linux
2 739 (5.81%) Android
3 675 (5.30%) Unix
4 455 (3.57%) Windows
5 441 (3.46%) Apple iOS
6 92 (0.72%) Mesosphere
7 63 (0.49%) CentOS
8 57 (0.45%) Mac OS X
9 44 (0.35%) Mac OS
10 41 (0.32%) Ubuntu
11 35 (0.27%) Windows Server
12 23 (0.18%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
13 22 (0.17%) VMS
14 12 (0.094%) Debian
14 12 (0.094%) Embedded Linux
15 6 (0.047%) CoreOS
15 6 (0.047%) OpenWrt
16 4 (0.031%) AIX
16 4 (0.031%) Amazon Linux
17 3 (0.024%) Solaris
Processes & Methodologies
1 6,877 (54.02%) Agile
2 4,875 (38.30%) Software Engineering
3 4,210 (33.07%) Microservices
4 4,114 (32.32%) CI/CD
5 3,479 (27.33%) DevOps
6 3,312 (26.02%) TDD
7 2,593 (20.37%) Test Automation
8 2,225 (17.48%) Mentoring
9 1,925 (15.12%) Scrum
10 1,816 (14.27%) Problem-Solving
11 1,813 (14.24%) Full Stack Development
12 1,725 (13.55%) Continuous Integration
13 1,680 (13.20%) BDD
14 1,470 (11.55%) Analytics
15 1,325 (10.41%) Computer Science
16 1,265 (9.94%) Fintech
17 1,219 (9.58%) Open Source
18 1,216 (9.55%) Coaching
19 1,210 (9.51%) OO
20 1,206 (9.47%) SDLC
Programming Languages
1 5,201 (40.86%) Python
2 4,112 (32.30%) JavaScript
3 3,129 (24.58%) SQL
4 1,956 (15.37%) C#
5 1,535 (12.06%) Kotlin
6 1,380 (10.84%) TypeScript
7 1,298 (10.20%) Go
8 1,186 (9.32%) C++
9 1,157 (9.09%) Scala
10 717 (5.63%) Ruby
11 557 (4.38%) Bash
12 533 (4.19%) PHP
13 494 (3.88%) C
14 439 (3.45%) Shell Script
15 410 (3.22%) PowerShell
16 341 (2.68%) Groovy
17 291 (2.29%) Perl
18 206 (1.62%) Objective-C
19 175 (1.37%) Rust
20 151 (1.19%) Apple Swift
Qualifications
1 1,482 (11.64%) Degree
2 690 (5.42%) Computer Science Degree
3 236 (1.85%) Security Cleared
4 207 (1.63%) Master's Degree
5 157 (1.23%) SC Cleared
6 75 (0.59%) PhD
7 56 (0.44%) AWS Certification
7 56 (0.44%) PMI Certification
8 53 (0.42%) Numerate Degree
9 50 (0.39%) ISTQB
10 35 (0.27%) CISSP
11 24 (0.19%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
12 22 (0.17%) ISEB
13 20 (0.16%) Cisco Certification
14 18 (0.14%) (ISC)2 CCSP
15 17 (0.13%) DBS Check
15 17 (0.13%) Sun Certification
16 16 (0.13%) DV Cleared
17 13 (0.10%) SANS
18 12 (0.094%) Microsoft Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 1,448 (11.37%) QA
2 204 (1.60%) Accessibility
3 102 (0.80%) Data Quality
4 71 (0.56%) GDPR
5 69 (0.54%) SLA
6 53 (0.42%) PCI DSS
7 28 (0.22%) MiFID
8 27 (0.21%) EMIR
9 18 (0.14%) SOC 2
10 17 (0.13%) ISO/IEC 27001
11 16 (0.13%) PMO
12 11 (0.086%) ISO 13485
13 10 (0.079%) IEC 62304
14 7 (0.055%) IEC 61131
15 6 (0.047%) GxP
15 6 (0.047%) ISO/IEC 14443
15 6 (0.047%) PSD2
15 6 (0.047%) WCAG
16 5 (0.039%) HIPAA
16 5 (0.039%) SEPA
System Software
1 3,780 (29.69%) Docker
2 178 (1.40%) Apache ZooKeeper
3 102 (0.80%) Virtual Machines
4 80 (0.63%) Apache Flume
5 41 (0.32%) Active Directory
6 24 (0.19%) VMware Infrastructure
7 21 (0.16%) HDFS
8 16 (0.13%) Kamailio
8 16 (0.13%) OpenSIPS
9 14 (0.11%) Firmware
10 10 (0.079%) ISA Server
11 6 (0.047%) GridGain
11 6 (0.047%) Postfix
12 3 (0.024%) LXC
12 3 (0.024%) VMware ESXi
13 2 (0.016%) KVM
13 2 (0.016%) NDS
13 2 (0.016%) Oracle RAC
13 2 (0.016%) vCloud
14 1 (0.008%) OpenSSH
Systems Management
1 3,960 (31.11%) Kubernetes
2 1,418 (11.14%) Terraform
3 804 (6.32%) Ansible
4 442 (3.47%) Puppet
5 357 (2.80%) Opscode Chef
6 309 (2.43%) Prometheus
7 246 (1.93%) Grafana
8 128 (1.01%) Istio
9 110 (0.86%) Docker Swarm
9 110 (0.86%) Kibana
10 92 (0.72%) Automic
11 85 (0.67%) Consul
12 77 (0.60%) Oozie
13 58 (0.46%) logstash
14 53 (0.42%) Rancher
15 36 (0.28%) Single Sign-On
16 34 (0.27%) HP Quality Center
17 28 (0.22%) Kiali
18 26 (0.20%) Hadoop YARN
18 26 (0.20%) Packer
Vendors
1 1,426 (11.20%) Google
2 794 (6.24%) Microsoft
3 712 (5.59%) Oracle
4 242 (1.90%) Twitter
5 240 (1.89%) Splunk
6 156 (1.23%) Databricks
7 145 (1.14%) Salesforce.com
8 103 (0.81%) SAP
9 99 (0.78%) Snapchat
10 84 (0.66%) Cloudera
11 76 (0.60%) Adobe
12 75 (0.59%) Facebook
12 75 (0.59%) LexisNexis
12 75 (0.59%) Red Hat
13 74 (0.58%) New Relic
14 70 (0.55%) Confluent
15 69 (0.54%) AppDynamics
16 68 (0.53%) IBM
17 65 (0.51%) Atlassian
18 62 (0.49%) Sybase