Period
to 27 October 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Java skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Java over the 6 months to 27 October 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Java
England > London
6 months to
27 Oct 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 10 7 6
Rank change year-on-year -3 -1 0
Permanent jobs citing Java 8,586 3,802 9,432
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in London 16.85% 19.10% 17.36%
As % of the Programming Languages category 27.79% 31.23% 30.92%
Number of salaries quoted 5,202 3,261 7,833
10th Percentile £52,500 £50,000 £45,000
25th Percentile £63,750 £61,250 £57,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £82,500 £77,500 £75,000
Median % change year-on-year +6.45% +3.33% +7.14%
75th Percentile £102,500 £100,000 £93,750
90th Percentile £120,000 £127,500 £115,000
England median annual salary £70,000 £67,500 £62,500
% change year-on-year +3.70% +8.00% +8.70%

Java is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 30,893 12,176 30,504
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in London 60.61% 61.16% 56.15%
Number of salaries quoted 19,172 10,517 25,667
10th Percentile £45,000 £45,000 £38,750
25th Percentile £55,000 £53,750 £50,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £72,500 £70,000 £65,000
Median % change year-on-year +3.57% +7.69% +4.00%
75th Percentile £91,250 £87,500 £85,000
90th Percentile £110,000 £110,000 £100,000
England median annual salary £60,000 £57,500 £52,500
% change year-on-year +4.35% +9.52% +4.65%

Java
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Java as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Java in London

Java
Salary Trend in London

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Java in London.

Salary trend for Java in London

Java
Salary Histogram in London

Salary distribution for jobs citing Java in London over the 6 months to 27 October 2021.

Salary histogram for Java in London

Java
Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Java within the London region over the 6 months to 27 October 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London -2 1,247 £85,000 +13.33% 483
West London +5 287 £63,250 -6.30% 162
South London +3 151 £72,500 +16.00% 33
East London +3 46 £80,000 +10.34% 111
North London -18 6 £110,000 +114.63% 14
Java
England

For the 6 months to 27 October 2021, IT jobs citing Java also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the London region with a requirement for Java.

1 4,320 (50.31%) Agile Software Development
2 3,296 (38.39%) AWS
3 3,254 (37.90%) Python
4 2,990 (34.82%) Software Engineering
5 2,870 (33.43%) Finance
6 2,816 (32.80%) Microservices
7 2,545 (29.64%) JavaScript
8 2,466 (28.72%) Docker
9 2,260 (26.32%) Spring
10 2,257 (26.29%) Kubernetes
11 2,226 (25.93%) DevOps
12 2,042 (23.78%) SQL
13 1,961 (22.84%) Social Skills
14 1,773 (20.65%) React
15 1,695 (19.74%) TDD
16 1,678 (19.54%) Azure
17 1,559 (18.16%) Test Automation
18 1,517 (17.67%) Jenkins
19 1,407 (16.39%) GCP
20 1,399 (16.29%) Git (software)
21 1,371 (15.97%) Spring Boot
22 1,356 (15.79%) Full Stack Development
23 1,285 (14.97%) Kafka
24 1,261 (14.69%) REST
25 1,231 (14.34%) Problem-Solving
26 1,218 (14.19%) Web Services
27 1,178 (13.72%) C#
28 1,121 (13.06%) AngularJS
29 1,069 (12.45%) Serverless
30 1,058 (12.32%) Continuous Integration

Java
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 473 (5.51%) Apache Spark
2 362 (4.22%) Elasticsearch
3 324 (3.77%) Apache
4 274 (3.19%) Confluence
5 126 (1.47%) Apache Airflow
6 113 (1.32%) CMS
7 112 (1.30%) Tomcat
8 51 (0.59%) Cloud Foundry
9 48 (0.56%) nginx
10 36 (0.42%) WebLogic
11 33 (0.38%) Oracle SOA Suite
12 32 (0.37%) SharePoint
12 32 (0.37%) WebSphere
13 30 (0.35%) Apache Solr
14 28 (0.33%) Adobe Experience Manager
14 28 (0.33%) SAS
15 25 (0.29%) IIS
16 24 (0.28%) Oracle Coherence
17 22 (0.26%) WordPress
18 21 (0.24%) MQSeries
Applications
1 38 (0.44%) Microsoft Excel
2 33 (0.38%) Sketch
3 30 (0.35%) InVision
4 27 (0.31%) Photoshop
5 20 (0.23%) Microsoft Office
6 19 (0.22%) Adobe Illustrator
6 19 (0.22%) Spreadsheet
7 16 (0.19%) Chatbot
8 15 (0.17%) Adobe XD
9 8 (0.093%) Figma
10 7 (0.082%) Siemens NX
11 6 (0.070%) Microsoft PowerPoint
12 5 (0.058%) Fireworks
12 5 (0.058%) GIMP
13 4 (0.047%) MS Visio
14 2 (0.023%) 3ds Max
14 2 (0.023%) Maya
14 2 (0.023%) Microsoft Project
14 2 (0.023%) ZBrush
15 1 (0.012%) InDesign
Business Applications
1 71 (0.83%) Distributed Ledger
2 52 (0.61%) R3 Corda
3 24 (0.28%) Magento
4 22 (0.26%) Payment Gateway
5 21 (0.24%) Shopify
6 14 (0.16%) Summit
7 9 (0.10%) NetSuite
8 8 (0.093%) Dynamics CRM
9 7 (0.082%) Teamcenter
10 6 (0.070%) Bloomberg TOMS
10 6 (0.070%) ION MarketView
10 6 (0.070%) Oracle BPM
11 4 (0.047%) Refinitiv Enterprise Platform
12 3 (0.035%) Salesforce.com CRM
12 3 (0.035%) SAP Hybris
13 2 (0.023%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
13 2 (0.023%) IntelliMatch
13 2 (0.023%) PeopleSoft HCM
13 2 (0.023%) Remedy ITSM
13 2 (0.023%) Sentinel
Cloud Services
1 3,296 (38.39%) AWS
2 1,678 (19.54%) Azure
3 1,407 (16.39%) GCP
4 1,069 (12.45%) Serverless
5 559 (6.51%) AWS Lambda
6 497 (5.79%) GitHub
7 437 (5.09%) Amazon EC2
8 364 (4.24%) Amazon ECS
9 357 (4.16%) SaaS
10 319 (3.72%) Amazon S3
11 262 (3.05%) OpenShift
12 230 (2.68%) PaaS
13 227 (2.64%) Cloud Computing
14 212 (2.47%) AWS CloudFormation
15 137 (1.60%) Amazon EKS
16 129 (1.50%) Amazon SQS
17 116 (1.35%) Amazon Kinesis
18 108 (1.26%) IaaS
19 95 (1.11%) Power Platform
20 91 (1.06%) Datadog
Communications & Networking
1 401 (4.67%) HTTP
2 88 (1.02%) Broadband
3 83 (0.97%) Internet
4 82 (0.96%) Firewall
5 63 (0.73%) TCP/IP
6 48 (0.56%) DNS
7 43 (0.50%) AMQP
7 43 (0.50%) SSL
8 31 (0.36%) SSH
9 26 (0.30%) Network Security
10 23 (0.27%) Kerberos
11 21 (0.24%) VPN
12 18 (0.21%) IPv4
13 17 (0.20%) FTP
13 17 (0.20%) WebEx
14 16 (0.19%) SMTP
15 15 (0.17%) IPv6
16 14 (0.16%) HTTPS
16 14 (0.16%) IPsec
17 13 (0.15%) WPA
Database & Business Intelligence
1 871 (10.14%) NoSQL
2 844 (9.83%) PostgreSQL
3 698 (8.13%) Relational Database
4 628 (7.31%) Big Data
5 610 (7.10%) MongoDB
6 537 (6.25%) MySQL
7 379 (4.41%) Hadoop
8 369 (4.30%) Amazon DynamoDB
9 317 (3.69%) Redis
10 298 (3.47%) SQL Server
11 267 (3.11%) Amazon Aurora
12 229 (2.67%) Data Warehouse
13 227 (2.64%) Amazon Athena
14 223 (2.60%) Apache Cassandra
15 200 (2.33%) Blockchain
16 190 (2.21%) RDBMS
17 149 (1.74%) Amazon RDS
18 132 (1.54%) Amazon Redshift
19 116 (1.35%) Apache Ignite
20 110 (1.28%) Data Lake
Development Applications
1 1,517 (17.67%) Jenkins
2 1,399 (16.29%) Git (software)
3 582 (6.78%) JIRA
4 545 (6.35%) Maven
5 490 (5.71%) Selenium
6 484 (5.64%) JUnit
7 351 (4.09%) Cucumber
8 343 (3.99%) GitLab
9 328 (3.82%) Gradle
10 249 (2.90%) Postman
11 222 (2.59%) Mockito
12 218 (2.54%) Atlassian Bamboo
13 190 (2.21%) TeamCity
14 184 (2.14%) Bitbucket
15 168 (1.96%) JMeter
16 164 (1.91%) SonarQube
17 159 (1.85%) Cypress.io
18 156 (1.82%) WebDriver
19 146 (1.70%) Artifactory
20 128 (1.49%) IntelliJ
General
1 2,870 (33.43%) Finance
2 1,961 (22.84%) Social Skills
3 1,049 (12.22%) Banking
4 556 (6.48%) Front Office
5 554 (6.45%) Analytical Skills
6 466 (5.43%) Retail
7 327 (3.81%) Games
8 270 (3.14%) Investment Banking
9 237 (2.76%) Marketing
10 193 (2.25%) Inclusion and Diversity
11 180 (2.10%) Public Sector
12 160 (1.86%) Presentation Skills
13 159 (1.85%) Advertising
14 125 (1.46%) Financial Institution
15 104 (1.21%) Telecoms
16 98 (1.14%) Back Office
17 92 (1.07%) Law
18 87 (1.01%) Influencing Skills
19 86 (1.00%) Manufacturing
20 66 (0.77%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 3,799 (44.25%) Developer
2 2,173 (25.31%) Java Developer
3 1,666 (19.40%) Software Engineer
4 973 (11.33%) Senior Developer
5 870 (10.13%) Java Engineer
6 677 (7.88%) Senior Java Developer
7 574 (6.69%) Senior Software Engineer
8 437 (5.09%) Java Software Engineer
9 402 (4.68%) Data Engineer
10 400 (4.66%) Developer/Software Engineer
11 380 (4.43%) Architect
12 362 (4.22%) AWS Engineer
13 346 (4.03%) Senior Java Engineer
14 343 (3.99%) DevOps Engineer
15 340 (3.96%) Python Engineer
16 336 (3.91%) Python Developer
17 325 (3.79%) Full Stack Developer
18 300 (3.49%) Lead Developer
19 277 (3.23%) Python Software Engineer
20 255 (2.97%) Software Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 2,260 (26.32%) Spring
2 1,773 (20.65%) React
3 1,371 (15.97%) Spring Boot
4 1,285 (14.97%) Kafka
5 1,261 (14.69%) REST
6 1,218 (14.19%) Web Services
7 1,121 (13.06%) AngularJS
8 1,032 (12.02%) Node.js
9 783 (9.12%) HTML
10 745 (8.68%) RESTful
11 739 (8.61%) CSS
12 624 (7.27%) .NET
13 448 (5.22%) JSON
14 424 (4.94%) Hibernate
15 411 (4.79%) GraphQL
16 385 (4.48%) Vue.js
17 371 (4.32%) XML
18 311 (3.62%) HTML5
19 266 (3.10%) SOAP
20 259 (3.02%) gRPC
Miscellaneous
1 547 (6.37%) User Experience
2 532 (6.20%) Algorithms
3 483 (5.63%) Hedge funds
4 431 (5.02%) Greenfield Project
5 430 (5.01%) Derivative
6 375 (4.37%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
7 373 (4.34%) Data Structures
8 350 (4.08%) Cloud Native
9 343 (3.99%) Fixed Income
10 334 (3.89%) Equities
11 323 (3.76%) Mobile App
12 259 (3.02%) Enterprise Software
13 249 (2.90%) Self-Motivation
14 202 (2.35%) Virtual Team
15 156 (1.82%) Pricing Data
15 156 (1.82%) Public Cloud
16 130 (1.51%) Blog
17 92 (1.07%) Legacy Systems
18 87 (1.01%) Social Media
19 79 (0.92%) Data Centre
Operating Systems
1 913 (10.63%) Linux
2 417 (4.86%) Android
3 411 (4.79%) Unix
4 285 (3.32%) Windows
5 272 (3.17%) Apple iOS
6 44 (0.51%) Mesosphere
7 43 (0.50%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 35 (0.41%) Mac OS X
9 28 (0.33%) Mac OS
10 18 (0.21%) Windows Server
11 14 (0.16%) Ubuntu
11 14 (0.16%) VMS
12 13 (0.15%) CentOS
13 11 (0.13%) Debian
14 9 (0.10%) Windows Server 2016
15 8 (0.093%) SUSE
15 8 (0.093%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
15 8 (0.093%) Windows Server 2008
16 5 (0.058%) Solaris
17 3 (0.035%) Windows 10
Processes & Methodologies
1 4,320 (50.31%) Agile Software Development
2 2,990 (34.82%) Software Engineering
3 2,816 (32.80%) Microservices
4 2,226 (25.93%) DevOps
5 1,695 (19.74%) TDD
6 1,559 (18.16%) Test Automation
7 1,356 (15.79%) Full Stack Development
8 1,231 (14.34%) Problem-Solving
9 1,058 (12.32%) Continuous Integration
10 1,054 (12.28%) Scrum
11 988 (11.51%) Mentoring
12 981 (11.43%) Analytics
12 981 (11.43%) Computer Science
13 938 (10.92%) Fintech
14 779 (9.07%) Open Source
15 747 (8.70%) OO
16 745 (8.68%) BDD
17 693 (8.07%) SDLC
18 670 (7.80%) Asset Management
19 574 (6.69%) Artificial Intelligence
Programming Languages
1 3,254 (37.90%) Python
2 2,545 (29.64%) JavaScript
3 2,042 (23.78%) SQL
4 1,178 (13.72%) C#
5 1,040 (12.11%) Kotlin
6 1,031 (12.01%) Scala
7 957 (11.15%) TypeScript
8 812 (9.46%) Java 8
9 761 (8.86%) Go
10 718 (8.36%) C++
11 335 (3.90%) Ruby
12 329 (3.83%) C
13 301 (3.51%) Java 11
14 288 (3.35%) PHP
15 263 (3.06%) Bash Shell
16 255 (2.97%) Groovy
17 208 (2.42%) Clojure
18 175 (2.04%) Perl
19 162 (1.89%) Shell Script
20 151 (1.76%) Apple Swift
Qualifications
1 1,019 (11.87%) Degree
2 440 (5.12%) Computer Science Degree
3 202 (2.35%) Security Cleared
4 167 (1.95%) Master's Degree
5 156 (1.82%) SC Cleared
6 54 (0.63%) PhD
7 52 (0.61%) ISTQB
8 42 (0.49%) AWS Certification
9 17 (0.20%) Numerate Degree
10 16 (0.19%) SANS
11 14 (0.16%) PMI Certification
12 10 (0.12%) HND
13 9 (0.10%) DBS Check
13 9 (0.10%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
14 8 (0.093%) Cisco Certification
14 8 (0.093%) CISSP
14 8 (0.093%) TOGAF Certification
15 7 (0.082%) CREST Certified
15 7 (0.082%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
15 7 (0.082%) PMP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 1,049 (12.22%) QA
2 97 (1.13%) Accessibility
3 85 (0.99%) Data Quality
4 64 (0.75%) GDPR
5 49 (0.57%) SLA
6 37 (0.43%) WCAG
7 26 (0.30%) MiFID
8 22 (0.26%) GRC
9 21 (0.24%) EMIR
9 21 (0.24%) PSD2
10 16 (0.19%) PMO
11 11 (0.13%) HIPAA
12 10 (0.12%) ISO 20022
13 9 (0.10%) NIST
14 8 (0.093%) ISO 15022
14 8 (0.093%) ISO/IEC 27001
15 6 (0.070%) HL7
16 5 (0.058%) IEC 62304
16 5 (0.058%) ISO 13485
16 5 (0.058%) PCI DSS
System Software
1 2,466 (28.72%) Docker
2 76 (0.89%) Apache ZooKeeper
3 34 (0.40%) Virtual Machines
4 33 (0.38%) HDFS
5 27 (0.31%) VMware Infrastructure
6 23 (0.27%) Postfix
7 14 (0.16%) Active Directory
7 14 (0.16%) KVM
8 11 (0.13%) etcd
8 11 (0.13%) ISA Server
9 9 (0.10%) VMware ESXi
10 8 (0.093%) Varnish
11 7 (0.082%) Ceph
11 7 (0.082%) Firmware
12 5 (0.058%) Apache Flume
13 3 (0.035%) Hyper-V
13 3 (0.035%) LXC
13 3 (0.035%) vSphere
13 3 (0.035%) Xen
14 2 (0.023%) vCloud
Systems Management
1 2,257 (26.29%) Kubernetes
2 1,039 (12.10%) Terraform
3 569 (6.63%) Ansible
4 277 (3.23%) Prometheus
5 253 (2.95%) Puppet
6 237 (2.76%) Grafana
7 194 (2.26%) Opscode Chef
8 80 (0.93%) Kibana
9 64 (0.75%) Istio
10 57 (0.66%) logstash
11 51 (0.59%) Consul
12 48 (0.56%) Docker Swarm
13 43 (0.50%) Automic
14 37 (0.43%) Mesos
15 31 (0.36%) Nagios
16 27 (0.31%) Salt
17 21 (0.24%) HP Quality Center
18 17 (0.20%) HAProxy
19 16 (0.19%) linkerd
20 14 (0.16%) Argo
Vendors
1 700 (8.15%) Google
2 678 (7.90%) Oracle
3 242 (2.82%) Microsoft
4 149 (1.74%) Splunk
5 121 (1.41%) Salesforce.com
6 104 (1.21%) IBM
6 104 (1.21%) Red Hat
7 95 (1.11%) Sybase
8 79 (0.92%) SAP
9 75 (0.87%) Atlassian
10 62 (0.72%) Adobe
11 57 (0.66%) Databricks
12 53 (0.62%) Talend
13 52 (0.61%) Cognizant
13 52 (0.61%) Solace
14 45 (0.52%) MuleSoft
15 41 (0.48%) Informatica
16 40 (0.47%) Murex
16 40 (0.47%) New Relic
17 39 (0.45%) Bloomberg