Period
to 29 July 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Java skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Java over the 6 months to 29 July 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Java
England > London
6 months to
29 Jul 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 10 9 6
Rank change year-on-year -1 -3 0
Permanent jobs citing Java 7,710 5,102 10,006
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in London 17.12% 17.80% 17.51%
As % of the Programming Languages category 27.84% 30.55% 31.23%
Number of salaries quoted 4,827 4,248 8,310
10th Percentile £50,000 £48,750 £45,000
25th Percentile £62,500 £61,250 £55,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £80,000 £77,500 £72,500
Median % change year-on-year +3.23% +6.90% +7.41%
75th Percentile £100,000 £97,500 £90,000
90th Percentile £118,750 £122,500 £110,000
England median annual salary £67,500 £65,000 £62,500
% change year-on-year +3.85% +4.00% +8.70%

Java is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 27,697 16,699 32,036
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in London 61.51% 58.27% 56.06%
Number of salaries quoted 17,596 13,890 27,254
10th Percentile £45,000 £42,500 £38,750
25th Percentile £55,000 £52,500 £48,750
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £70,000 £70,000 £65,000
Median % change year-on-year - +7.69% +4.00%
75th Percentile £90,000 £87,500 £82,500
90th Percentile £107,500 £105,000 £97,500
England median annual salary £57,500 £55,000 £52,500
% change year-on-year +4.55% +4.76% +5.00%

Java
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Java as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Java in London

Java
Salary Trend in London

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Java in London.

Salary trend for Java in London

Java
Salary Histogram in London

Salary distribution for jobs citing Java in London over the 6 months to 29 July 2021.

Salary histogram for Java in London

Java
Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Java within the London region over the 6 months to 29 July 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London -3 1,119 £82,500 +10.00% 412
West London -10 222 £65,000 - 159
South London +6 168 £67,500 +8.00% 31
East London +2 33 £73,750 +1.72% 83
North London +14 7 £110,000 +175.00% 4
Java
England

For the 6 months to 29 July 2021, IT jobs citing Java also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the London region with a requirement for Java.

1 3,879 (50.31%) Agile Software Development
2 2,932 (38.03%) AWS
3 2,882 (37.38%) Python
4 2,557 (33.16%) Finance
5 2,530 (32.81%) Microservices
6 2,524 (32.74%) Software Engineering
7 2,227 (28.88%) JavaScript
8 2,177 (28.24%) Docker
9 2,020 (26.20%) Kubernetes
10 1,943 (25.20%) Spring
11 1,914 (24.82%) SQL
12 1,837 (23.83%) DevOps
13 1,625 (21.08%) Social Skills
14 1,597 (20.71%) React
15 1,528 (19.82%) TDD
16 1,361 (17.65%) Azure
17 1,297 (16.82%) Test Automation
18 1,195 (15.50%) Jenkins
19 1,194 (15.49%) Git (software)
20 1,169 (15.16%) GCP
21 1,144 (14.84%) Full Stack Development
22 1,117 (14.49%) REST
23 1,105 (14.33%) Kafka
24 1,100 (14.27%) Spring Boot
25 1,082 (14.03%) Banking
26 1,070 (13.88%) Web Services
27 992 (12.87%) C#
28 970 (12.58%) Node.js
28 970 (12.58%) Problem-Solving
29 951 (12.33%) AngularJS

Java
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 443 (5.75%) Apache Spark
2 322 (4.18%) Elasticsearch
3 277 (3.59%) Apache
4 276 (3.58%) Confluence
5 119 (1.54%) Tomcat
6 108 (1.40%) Apache Airflow
7 94 (1.22%) CMS
8 48 (0.62%) nginx
9 44 (0.57%) Cloud Foundry
10 36 (0.47%) Oracle SOA Suite
11 34 (0.44%) JBoss
12 32 (0.42%) Adobe Experience Manager
12 32 (0.42%) WebSphere
13 30 (0.39%) SAS
14 27 (0.35%) Apache Solr
15 26 (0.34%) Apache TomEE
16 24 (0.31%) Jupyter
16 24 (0.31%) Luigi
17 23 (0.30%) Oracle Coherence
18 22 (0.29%) WebLogic
Applications
1 45 (0.58%) InVision
2 43 (0.56%) Microsoft Excel
3 39 (0.51%) Sketch
4 36 (0.47%) Microsoft Office
5 23 (0.30%) Spreadsheet
6 22 (0.29%) Photoshop
7 15 (0.19%) Adobe Illustrator
8 10 (0.13%) Adobe XD
9 8 (0.10%) Chatbot
10 7 (0.091%) Figma
10 7 (0.091%) Siemens NX
11 6 (0.078%) 3ds Max
11 6 (0.078%) Maya
11 6 (0.078%) ZBrush
12 5 (0.065%) Fireworks
13 4 (0.052%) Microsoft PowerPoint
14 3 (0.039%) MS Visio
15 2 (0.026%) SPSS
16 1 (0.013%) CPLEX
16 1 (0.013%) Houdini
Business Applications
1 57 (0.74%) Distributed Ledger
2 42 (0.54%) R3 Corda
3 22 (0.29%) Shopify
4 20 (0.26%) Payment Gateway
5 19 (0.25%) Magento
6 11 (0.14%) Summit
7 9 (0.12%) Oracle EBS
8 8 (0.10%) Oracle ERP
8 8 (0.10%) PeopleSoft HCM
9 7 (0.091%) Dynamics CRM
9 7 (0.091%) Oracle BPM
9 7 (0.091%) Teamcenter
10 6 (0.078%) Bloomberg TOMS
10 6 (0.078%) ION MarketView
11 5 (0.065%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
12 3 (0.039%) Dynamics AX
12 3 (0.039%) Refinitiv Enterprise Platform
12 3 (0.039%) Salesforce.com CRM
12 3 (0.039%) SAP Hybris
12 3 (0.039%) Sentinel
Cloud Services
1 2,932 (38.03%) AWS
2 1,361 (17.65%) Azure
3 1,169 (15.16%) GCP
4 841 (10.91%) Serverless
5 471 (6.11%) AWS Lambda
6 411 (5.33%) SaaS
7 402 (5.21%) Amazon EC2
8 317 (4.11%) GitHub
9 292 (3.79%) Amazon ECS
10 266 (3.45%) Amazon S3
11 234 (3.04%) PaaS
12 198 (2.57%) AWS CloudFormation
13 193 (2.50%) Cloud Computing
14 147 (1.91%) OpenShift
15 119 (1.54%) Amazon EKS
16 105 (1.36%) IaaS
17 93 (1.21%) Amazon SQS
18 81 (1.05%) Amazon CloudWatch
18 81 (1.05%) Amazon Kinesis
19 74 (0.96%) Snowflake
Communications & Networking
1 325 (4.22%) HTTP
2 72 (0.93%) Internet
3 67 (0.87%) Broadband
4 53 (0.69%) AMQP
5 48 (0.62%) Firewall
6 37 (0.48%) SSL
7 36 (0.47%) TCP/IP
8 27 (0.35%) SSH
9 23 (0.30%) Network Security
9 23 (0.30%) VPN
10 20 (0.26%) DNS
11 16 (0.21%) IPsec
11 16 (0.21%) SMTP
12 14 (0.18%) FTP
13 13 (0.17%) IPv4
14 12 (0.16%) LAN
15 11 (0.14%) DSL
15 11 (0.14%) WAN
15 11 (0.14%) WebEx
16 9 (0.12%) 5G
Database & Business Intelligence
1 835 (10.83%) PostgreSQL
2 781 (10.13%) NoSQL
3 719 (9.33%) Relational Database
4 590 (7.65%) Big Data
5 554 (7.19%) MongoDB
6 511 (6.63%) MySQL
7 387 (5.02%) Hadoop
8 336 (4.36%) SQL Server
9 334 (4.33%) Amazon DynamoDB
10 278 (3.61%) Redis
11 235 (3.05%) RDBMS
12 219 (2.84%) Amazon Aurora
12 219 (2.84%) Apache Cassandra
13 193 (2.50%) Data Warehouse
14 142 (1.84%) Amazon RDS
15 141 (1.83%) Blockchain
16 127 (1.65%) Amazon Athena
17 113 (1.47%) BigQuery
18 107 (1.39%) Amazon Redshift
19 97 (1.26%) Oracle Database
Development Applications
1 1,195 (15.50%) Jenkins
2 1,194 (15.49%) Git (software)
3 604 (7.83%) JIRA
4 541 (7.02%) Maven
5 434 (5.63%) JUnit
6 433 (5.62%) Selenium
7 344 (4.46%) Cucumber
8 328 (4.25%) Gradle
9 267 (3.46%) GitLab
10 225 (2.92%) Mockito
11 192 (2.49%) SonarQube
12 184 (2.39%) Atlassian Bamboo
13 169 (2.19%) Postman
14 156 (2.02%) Bitbucket
15 154 (2.00%) JMeter
16 146 (1.89%) TeamCity
17 132 (1.71%) WebDriver
18 131 (1.70%) IntelliJ
19 122 (1.58%) Artifactory
20 114 (1.48%) CircleCI
General
1 2,557 (33.16%) Finance
2 1,625 (21.08%) Social Skills
3 1,082 (14.03%) Banking
4 571 (7.41%) Front Office
5 517 (6.71%) Analytical Skills
6 430 (5.58%) Retail
7 336 (4.36%) Games
8 270 (3.50%) Investment Banking
9 227 (2.94%) Marketing
10 185 (2.40%) Public Sector
11 130 (1.69%) Advertising
11 130 (1.69%) Presentation Skills
12 123 (1.60%) Inclusion and Diversity
13 93 (1.21%) Financial Institution
14 92 (1.19%) Back Office
15 83 (1.08%) Law
16 77 (1.00%) Manufacturing
17 69 (0.89%) Influencing Skills
18 64 (0.83%) Telecoms
19 49 (0.64%) Documentation Skills
Job Titles
1 3,545 (45.98%) Developer
2 1,986 (25.76%) Java Developer
3 1,332 (17.28%) Software Engineer
4 798 (10.35%) Java Engineer
5 764 (9.91%) Senior Developer
6 494 (6.41%) Senior Java Developer
7 398 (5.16%) Senior Software Engineer
8 356 (4.62%) Java Software Engineer
9 337 (4.37%) Full Stack Developer
10 334 (4.33%) AWS Engineer
11 328 (4.25%) Architect
12 294 (3.81%) Developer/Software Engineer
13 292 (3.79%) Data Engineer
13 292 (3.79%) Lead Developer
14 291 (3.77%) Python Developer
15 277 (3.59%) Senior Java Engineer
16 269 (3.49%) DevOps Engineer
17 265 (3.44%) Python Engineer
18 220 (2.85%) AWS Developer
19 214 (2.78%) Backend Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,943 (25.20%) Spring
2 1,597 (20.71%) React
3 1,117 (14.49%) REST
4 1,105 (14.33%) Kafka
5 1,100 (14.27%) Spring Boot
6 1,070 (13.88%) Web Services
7 970 (12.58%) Node.js
8 951 (12.33%) AngularJS
9 725 (9.40%) HTML
10 711 (9.22%) RESTful
11 675 (8.75%) CSS
12 532 (6.90%) .NET
13 417 (5.41%) GraphQL
14 401 (5.20%) Hibernate
15 353 (4.58%) JSON
16 334 (4.33%) Vue.js
17 309 (4.01%) HTML5
18 283 (3.67%) XML
19 255 (3.31%) gRPC
20 233 (3.02%) SOAP
Miscellaneous
1 465 (6.03%) Algorithms
2 451 (5.85%) User Experience
3 418 (5.42%) Hedge funds
4 406 (5.27%) Derivative
4 406 (5.27%) Greenfield Project
5 396 (5.14%) Fixed Income
6 359 (4.66%) Equities
7 355 (4.60%) Data Structures
8 354 (4.59%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
9 299 (3.88%) Mobile App
10 281 (3.64%) Cloud Native
11 215 (2.79%) Self-Motivation
12 212 (2.75%) Enterprise Software
13 197 (2.56%) Virtual Team
14 141 (1.83%) Blog
15 137 (1.78%) Pricing Data
16 133 (1.73%) Legacy Systems
17 114 (1.48%) Public Cloud
18 98 (1.27%) NHS
19 88 (1.14%) Market Risk
Operating Systems
1 912 (11.83%) Linux
2 367 (4.76%) Android
3 361 (4.68%) Unix
4 279 (3.62%) Windows
5 212 (2.75%) Apple iOS
6 42 (0.54%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 38 (0.49%) Mac OS X
8 29 (0.38%) CentOS
8 29 (0.38%) Mesosphere
8 29 (0.38%) Ubuntu
9 17 (0.22%) Solaris
10 14 (0.18%) Windows Server
11 11 (0.14%) Mac OS
12 6 (0.078%) SUSE
13 5 (0.065%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
13 5 (0.065%) Windows Server 2008
13 5 (0.065%) Windows Server 2016
14 4 (0.052%) Embedded Linux
14 4 (0.052%) Windows 10
14 4 (0.052%) Windows 7
Processes & Methodologies
1 3,879 (50.31%) Agile Software Development
2 2,530 (32.81%) Microservices
3 2,524 (32.74%) Software Engineering
4 1,837 (23.83%) DevOps
5 1,528 (19.82%) TDD
6 1,297 (16.82%) Test Automation
7 1,144 (14.84%) Full Stack Development
8 970 (12.58%) Problem-Solving
9 928 (12.04%) Scrum
10 899 (11.66%) Continuous Integration
11 890 (11.54%) Fintech
12 839 (10.88%) Mentoring
13 804 (10.43%) Computer Science
14 800 (10.38%) Analytics
15 745 (9.66%) BDD
16 731 (9.48%) Open Source
17 648 (8.40%) OO
18 579 (7.51%) SDLC
19 567 (7.35%) Asset Management
20 466 (6.04%) Artificial Intelligence
Programming Languages
1 2,882 (37.38%) Python
2 2,227 (28.88%) JavaScript
3 1,914 (24.82%) SQL
4 992 (12.87%) C#
5 891 (11.56%) Scala
6 877 (11.37%) Kotlin
7 816 (10.58%) TypeScript
8 811 (10.52%) Java 8
9 625 (8.11%) C++
10 614 (7.96%) Go
11 288 (3.74%) C
12 272 (3.53%) Java 11
13 254 (3.29%) Ruby
14 224 (2.91%) PHP
15 219 (2.84%) Bash Shell
16 202 (2.62%) Groovy
17 171 (2.22%) Clojure
18 145 (1.88%) Shell Script
19 138 (1.79%) Perl
20 128 (1.66%) R
Qualifications
1 821 (10.65%) Degree
2 381 (4.94%) Computer Science Degree
3 188 (2.44%) Security Cleared
4 149 (1.93%) SC Cleared
5 143 (1.85%) Master's Degree
6 60 (0.78%) ISTQB
7 54 (0.70%) PhD
8 24 (0.31%) AWS Certification
8 24 (0.31%) Numerate Degree
8 24 (0.31%) SANS
9 17 (0.22%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
10 16 (0.21%) Oracle Certification
11 11 (0.14%) PMI Certification
12 10 (0.13%) ISEB
12 10 (0.13%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
13 9 (0.12%) BPSS Clearance
14 8 (0.10%) DV Cleared
14 8 (0.10%) OCP
15 7 (0.091%) CFA
15 7 (0.091%) CIW
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 833 (10.80%) QA
2 87 (1.13%) Accessibility
3 68 (0.88%) Data Quality
4 63 (0.82%) GDPR
5 50 (0.65%) SLA
6 40 (0.52%) WCAG
7 29 (0.38%) MiFID
8 25 (0.32%) EMIR
9 20 (0.26%) GRC
10 15 (0.19%) ISO/IEC 27001
10 15 (0.19%) NIST
11 14 (0.18%) PMO
12 13 (0.17%) HIPAA
12 13 (0.17%) ISO 20022
13 9 (0.12%) PSD2
14 8 (0.10%) ISO 15022
15 7 (0.091%) SOC 2
16 6 (0.078%) PCI DSS
17 5 (0.065%) HL7
18 3 (0.039%) SOC 1
System Software
1 2,177 (28.24%) Docker
2 66 (0.86%) Apache ZooKeeper
3 39 (0.51%) Virtual Machines
4 30 (0.39%) HDFS
5 29 (0.38%) VMware Infrastructure
6 18 (0.23%) Postfix
7 11 (0.14%) Active Directory
7 11 (0.14%) etcd
7 11 (0.14%) ISA Server
8 10 (0.13%) KVM
9 7 (0.091%) Ceph
9 7 (0.091%) VMware ESXi
10 6 (0.078%) Varnish
11 4 (0.052%) Xen
12 3 (0.039%) OpenAM
12 3 (0.039%) OpenDJ
12 3 (0.039%) vSphere
13 2 (0.026%) Platform Symphony
13 2 (0.026%) vCloud
13 2 (0.026%) VMware NSX
Systems Management
1 2,020 (26.20%) Kubernetes
2 819 (10.62%) Terraform
3 455 (5.90%) Ansible
4 235 (3.05%) Puppet
5 217 (2.81%) Prometheus
6 200 (2.59%) Opscode Chef
7 188 (2.44%) Grafana
8 61 (0.79%) Kibana
9 52 (0.67%) Docker Swarm
10 49 (0.64%) Istio
10 49 (0.64%) logstash
11 42 (0.54%) Consul
12 31 (0.40%) HP Quality Center
13 29 (0.38%) Automic
13 29 (0.38%) Mesos
14 20 (0.26%) HAProxy
15 17 (0.22%) Nagios
16 16 (0.21%) Salt
16 16 (0.21%) ZABBIX
17 14 (0.18%) ITRS Geneos
Vendors
1 658 (8.53%) Oracle
2 540 (7.00%) Google
3 250 (3.24%) Microsoft
4 150 (1.95%) Sybase
5 137 (1.78%) Splunk
6 114 (1.48%) IBM
7 93 (1.21%) Red Hat
8 77 (1.00%) Atlassian
9 75 (0.97%) Salesforce.com
10 69 (0.89%) SAP
11 53 (0.69%) Adobe
12 45 (0.58%) AppDynamics
12 45 (0.58%) Solace
13 41 (0.53%) New Relic
14 40 (0.52%) VMware
15 36 (0.47%) Sony
16 35 (0.45%) MuleSoft
17 34 (0.44%) Cloudera
18 31 (0.40%) Talend
19 30 (0.39%) Pega