Period
to 21 January 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Java skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Java over the 6 months to 21 January 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Java
England > London
6 months to
21 Jan 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 7 5 5
Rank change year-on-year -2 0 0
Permanent jobs citing Java 4,589 9,177 11,110
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in London 18.96% 17.86% 17.72%
As % of the Programming Languages category 31.15% 31.61% 30.98%
Number of salaries quoted 4,393 8,219 9,538
Median annual salary £75,000 £75,000 £70,000
Median salary % change year-on-year - +7.14% +7.69%
10th Percentile £52,500 £46,250 £42,500
90th Percentile £115,000 £120,000 £102,500
England median annual salary £65,000 £65,000 £60,000
% change year-on-year - +8.33% +9.09%

Java is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 14,734 29,028 35,861
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in London 60.88% 56.48% 57.19%
Number of salaries quoted 12,656 24,387 30,359
Median annual salary £70,000 £67,500 £65,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +3.70% +3.85% +8.33%
10th Percentile £45,000 £40,000 £37,500
90th Percentile £105,000 £105,000 £95,000
England median annual salary £57,500 £55,000 £52,500
% change year-on-year +4.55% +4.76% +5.00%

Java
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Java as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Java in London

Java
Salary Trend in London

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Java in London.

Salary trend for Java in London

Java
Salary Histogram in London

Salary distribution for jobs citing Java in London over the 6 months to 21 January 2021.

Salary histogram for Java in London

Java
Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Java within the London region over the 6 months to 21 January 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London -4 975 £75,000 +3.45% 292
South London +1 111 £61,402 -1.76% 17
West London -12 61 £72,500 +3.57% 87
East London -3 20 £71,250 -13.64% 33
North London +28 14 £60,000 +9.09% 2
Java
England

For the 6 months to 21 January 2021, IT jobs citing Java also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the London region with a requirement for Java.

1 2,231 (48.62%) Agile Software Development
2 1,797 (39.16%) Python
3 1,698 (37.00%) AWS
4 1,444 (31.47%) Finance
5 1,240 (27.02%) JavaScript
6 1,200 (26.15%) Docker
7 1,156 (25.19%) Microservices
8 1,110 (24.19%) DevOps
9 1,051 (22.90%) Software Engineering
10 1,008 (21.97%) SQL
11 998 (21.75%) Kubernetes
12 914 (19.92%) Spring
13 902 (19.66%) TDD
14 812 (17.69%) Azure
15 747 (16.28%) Test Automation
16 692 (15.08%) React
17 686 (14.95%) Banking
18 676 (14.73%) Web Services
19 642 (13.99%) Kafka
20 622 (13.55%) GCP
21 614 (13.38%) Scrum
22 601 (13.10%) Fintech
23 599 (13.05%) Spring Boot
24 575 (12.53%) Jenkins
25 557 (12.14%) C#
26 555 (12.09%) BDD
27 542 (11.81%) AngularJS
28 511 (11.14%) Kotlin
29 495 (10.79%) Node.js
30 493 (10.74%) Linux

Java
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 244 (5.32%) Apache Spark
2 171 (3.73%) Apache
3 167 (3.64%) Elasticsearch
4 156 (3.40%) Confluence
5 60 (1.31%) SAS
6 59 (1.29%) Cloud Foundry
7 56 (1.22%) CMS
8 48 (1.05%) Tomcat
8 48 (1.05%) WebSphere
9 32 (0.70%) WebLogic
10 31 (0.68%) JBoss
11 30 (0.65%) Red Hat Fuse
12 20 (0.44%) Apache ServiceMix
13 18 (0.39%) Apache Airflow
14 17 (0.37%) Tornado
15 12 (0.26%) Adobe Experience Manager
16 11 (0.24%) IIS
16 11 (0.24%) MTS
17 10 (0.22%) Oracle Workflow
17 10 (0.22%) SharePoint
Applications
1 35 (0.76%) Sketch
2 26 (0.57%) Adobe XD
3 22 (0.48%) Figma
4 20 (0.44%) Microsoft Office
5 16 (0.35%) InVision
6 13 (0.28%) Spreadsheet
7 12 (0.26%) Microsoft Excel
8 10 (0.22%) Microsoft PowerPoint
9 9 (0.20%) MS Visio
10 5 (0.11%) Chatbot
10 5 (0.11%) SPSS
10 5 (0.11%) Zeplin
11 3 (0.065%) Maya
12 2 (0.044%) Blender
Business Applications
1 27 (0.59%) Payment Gateway
2 20 (0.44%) SAP Hybris
3 9 (0.20%) R3 Corda
4 8 (0.17%) Sentinel
5 7 (0.15%) Remedy ITSM
5 7 (0.15%) Shopify
6 6 (0.13%) Distributed Ledger
7 5 (0.11%) Dynamics CRM
7 5 (0.11%) FINCAD Analytics
7 5 (0.11%) Oracle BPM
7 5 (0.11%) SAP CRM
8 4 (0.087%) Temenos T24
9 3 (0.065%) Oracle Cash Management
9 3 (0.065%) Oracle EBS
9 3 (0.065%) Oracle ERP
10 2 (0.044%) Infor CloudSuite Industrial (formerly SyteLine)
10 2 (0.044%) NetSuite
10 2 (0.044%) PeopleSoft HCM
11 1 (0.022%) SAP ERP
11 1 (0.022%) SAP S/4HANA
Cloud Services
1 1,698 (37.00%) AWS
2 812 (17.69%) Azure
3 622 (13.55%) GCP
4 302 (6.58%) Serverless
5 207 (4.51%) AWS Lambda
6 201 (4.38%) SaaS
7 157 (3.42%) Amazon EC2
8 141 (3.07%) Amazon S3
9 116 (2.53%) PaaS
10 96 (2.09%) Amazon ECS
11 91 (1.98%) GitHub
12 82 (1.79%) Apigee
13 72 (1.57%) IaaS
14 70 (1.53%) OpenShift
15 62 (1.35%) Amazon CloudWatch
15 62 (1.35%) Amazon Kinesis
15 62 (1.35%) AWS CloudFormation
16 59 (1.29%) Amazon SQS
17 53 (1.15%) Power Platform
18 52 (1.13%) Boomi
Communications & Networking
1 71 (1.55%) HTTP
2 44 (0.96%) TCP/IP
3 42 (0.92%) Internet
4 40 (0.87%) DNS
5 29 (0.63%) Firewall
6 16 (0.35%) HTTPS
7 14 (0.31%) FTP
7 14 (0.31%) VPN
8 13 (0.28%) IMAP
8 13 (0.28%) SMTP
9 11 (0.24%) SSH
10 7 (0.15%) Wireless
11 6 (0.13%) BGP
11 6 (0.13%) Ethernet
11 6 (0.13%) MPLS
12 5 (0.11%) Kerberos
12 5 (0.11%) OSPF
12 5 (0.11%) Parlay
12 5 (0.11%) Software-Defined Networking
12 5 (0.11%) Unified Communications
Database & Business Intelligence
1 375 (8.17%) Big Data
2 365 (7.95%) NoSQL
3 327 (7.13%) PostgreSQL
4 268 (5.84%) Hadoop
5 239 (5.21%) MongoDB
6 216 (4.71%) MySQL
7 206 (4.49%) SQL Server
8 183 (3.99%) Relational Database
9 138 (3.01%) Amazon DynamoDB
10 110 (2.40%) Blockchain
11 104 (2.27%) Apache Cassandra
12 97 (2.11%) Amazon Redshift
13 90 (1.96%) Apache Hive
14 89 (1.94%) Data Warehouse
15 73 (1.59%) Redis
16 64 (1.39%) Tableau
17 59 (1.29%) RDBMS
18 58 (1.26%) Oracle Database
19 52 (1.13%) Power BI
20 49 (1.07%) Impala
Development Applications
1 575 (12.53%) Jenkins
2 476 (10.37%) Git (software)
3 407 (8.87%) Selenium
4 339 (7.39%) JIRA
5 332 (7.23%) Cucumber
6 182 (3.97%) Maven
7 165 (3.60%) GitLab
8 139 (3.03%) JUnit
9 138 (3.01%) WebDriver
10 120 (2.61%) Appium
11 89 (1.94%) Artifactory
12 83 (1.81%) JMeter
13 70 (1.53%) Gradle
14 66 (1.44%) Atlassian Bamboo
15 65 (1.42%) Mockito
16 56 (1.22%) Bitbucket
16 56 (1.22%) TeamCity
17 45 (0.98%) IntelliJ
18 43 (0.94%) Postman
19 41 (0.89%) Subversion
General
1 1,444 (31.47%) Finance
2 686 (14.95%) Banking
3 469 (10.22%) Front Office
4 174 (3.79%) Investment Banking
5 134 (2.92%) Games
6 122 (2.66%) Retail
7 85 (1.85%) Public Sector
8 78 (1.70%) Marketing
9 58 (1.26%) Advertising
10 47 (1.02%) Back Office
11 44 (0.96%) Telecoms
12 37 (0.81%) Law
13 28 (0.61%) Retail Banking
14 25 (0.54%) Online Betting
15 22 (0.48%) Billing
16 21 (0.46%) Financial Institution
16 21 (0.46%) Legal
17 19 (0.41%) Private Banking
18 15 (0.33%) Manufacturing
19 14 (0.31%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 2,177 (47.44%) Developer
2 1,184 (25.80%) Java Developer
3 530 (11.55%) Software Engineer
4 442 (9.63%) Senior Developer
5 403 (8.78%) Java Engineer
6 307 (6.69%) Architect
7 287 (6.25%) Python Developer
8 264 (5.75%) Senior Java Developer
9 230 (5.01%) DevOps Engineer
10 229 (4.99%) Developer/Software Engineer
11 216 (4.71%) Lead Developer
12 201 (4.38%) Python Engineer
13 197 (4.29%) Data Engineer
14 190 (4.14%) Full Stack Developer
15 189 (4.12%) AWS Engineer
16 167 (3.64%) Java Software Engineer
17 150 (3.27%) JavaScript Developer
18 144 (3.14%) Tester
19 143 (3.12%) AWS Developer
20 134 (2.92%) Software Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 914 (19.92%) Spring
2 692 (15.08%) React
3 676 (14.73%) Web Services
4 642 (13.99%) Kafka
5 599 (13.05%) Spring Boot
6 542 (11.81%) AngularJS
7 495 (10.79%) Node.js
8 380 (8.28%) REST
9 329 (7.17%) RESTful
10 304 (6.62%) .NET
11 260 (5.67%) Vue.js
12 242 (5.27%) HTML
13 203 (4.42%) Hibernate
14 202 (4.40%) CSS
15 133 (2.90%) JSON
15 133 (2.90%) XML
16 112 (2.44%) OAuth
17 105 (2.29%) HTML5
18 103 (2.24%) J2EE
18 103 (2.24%) RabbitMQ
Miscellaneous
1 443 (9.65%) Fixed Income
2 346 (7.54%) Derivative
3 338 (7.37%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
3 338 (7.37%) Hedge funds
4 296 (6.45%) Greenfield Project
5 295 (6.43%) Equities
6 254 (5.53%) Analytical Skills
7 223 (4.86%) Algorithms
8 175 (3.81%) Mobile App
9 140 (3.05%) Cloud Native
10 125 (2.72%) User Experience
11 121 (2.64%) Self-Motivation
12 117 (2.55%) Data Structures
13 78 (1.70%) Enterprise Software
13 78 (1.70%) Virtual Team
14 65 (1.42%) Credit Derivative
15 59 (1.29%) Public Cloud
16 51 (1.11%) Social Network
17 39 (0.85%) Blog
18 36 (0.78%) Data Centre
Operating Systems
1 493 (10.74%) Linux
2 244 (5.32%) Android
3 228 (4.97%) Unix
4 142 (3.09%) Windows
5 121 (2.64%) Apple iOS
6 38 (0.83%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 27 (0.59%) CentOS
8 16 (0.35%) CoreOS
8 16 (0.35%) zOS
9 9 (0.20%) VMS
9 9 (0.20%) Windows Server
10 7 (0.15%) Solaris
11 5 (0.11%) Windows Server 2016
12 4 (0.087%) AIX
13 3 (0.065%) Mac OS
13 3 (0.065%) Ubuntu
14 2 (0.044%) Mac OS X
14 2 (0.044%) Mesosphere
15 1 (0.022%) Debian
15 1 (0.022%) FreeBSD
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,231 (48.62%) Agile Software Development
2 1,156 (25.19%) Microservices
3 1,110 (24.19%) DevOps
4 1,051 (22.90%) Software Engineering
5 902 (19.66%) TDD
6 747 (16.28%) Test Automation
7 614 (13.38%) Scrum
8 601 (13.10%) Fintech
9 555 (12.09%) BDD
10 457 (9.96%) Continuous Integration
11 405 (8.83%) Asset Management
12 403 (8.78%) Analytics
13 373 (8.13%) Open Source
14 365 (7.95%) Mentoring
15 355 (7.74%) Computer Science
16 349 (7.61%) OO
17 312 (6.80%) Problem-Solving
18 307 (6.69%) Machine Learning
19 268 (5.84%) SDLC
20 252 (5.49%) Investment Management
Programming Languages
1 1,797 (39.16%) Python
2 1,240 (27.02%) JavaScript
3 1,008 (21.97%) SQL
4 557 (12.14%) C#
5 511 (11.14%) Kotlin
6 438 (9.54%) Java 8
7 419 (9.13%) Scala
8 363 (7.91%) Go
9 345 (7.52%) C++
10 281 (6.12%) TypeScript
11 207 (4.51%) Ruby
12 170 (3.70%) C
13 146 (3.18%) R
14 142 (3.09%) Bash Shell
15 117 (2.55%) Shell Script
16 108 (2.35%) PHP
17 84 (1.83%) PowerShell
18 81 (1.77%) Perl
19 76 (1.66%) Clojure
20 68 (1.48%) PL/SQL
Qualifications
1 373 (8.13%) Degree
2 177 (3.86%) Security Cleared
3 151 (3.29%) SC Cleared
4 123 (2.68%) Computer Science Degree
5 46 (1.00%) Master's Degree
6 37 (0.81%) PhD
7 33 (0.72%) ISTQB
7 33 (0.72%) Sun Certification
8 28 (0.61%) BPSS Clearance
8 28 (0.61%) DV Cleared
9 27 (0.59%) ISEB
10 19 (0.41%) Numerate Degree
11 14 (0.31%) CISSP
12 12 (0.26%) CISM
13 11 (0.24%) CSSLP
14 10 (0.22%) Postgraduate
15 8 (0.17%) AWS Certification
15 8 (0.17%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
15 8 (0.17%) Microsoft Certification
15 8 (0.17%) SANS
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 323 (7.04%) QA
2 46 (1.00%) NIST
3 20 (0.44%) GDPR
4 18 (0.39%) Data Quality
4 18 (0.39%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 16 (0.35%) MiFID
6 14 (0.31%) WCAG
7 12 (0.26%) EMIR
8 10 (0.22%) Dodd-Frank
9 9 (0.20%) PCI DSS
10 5 (0.11%) SLA
11 3 (0.065%) ISO 13485
11 3 (0.065%) ISO 20022
11 3 (0.065%) NCSC
11 3 (0.065%) PSD2
11 3 (0.065%) TARGET2
12 2 (0.044%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
12 2 (0.044%) ISO/IEC 27005
12 2 (0.044%) PMO
13 1 (0.022%) Government Security Classifications
System Software
1 1,200 (26.15%) Docker
2 47 (1.02%) HDFS
3 40 (0.87%) Active Directory
4 38 (0.83%) VMware Infrastructure
5 13 (0.28%) Postfix
5 13 (0.28%) Virtual Machines
6 10 (0.22%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 8 (0.17%) Hyper-V
8 3 (0.065%) Apache Flume
8 3 (0.065%) Firmware
9 1 (0.022%) Gluster
9 1 (0.022%) KVM
9 1 (0.022%) NDS
9 1 (0.022%) NetIQ eDirectory
9 1 (0.022%) NFS
9 1 (0.022%) Snort
9 1 (0.022%) Tivoli Directory Server
Systems Management
1 998 (21.75%) Kubernetes
2 434 (9.46%) Terraform
3 345 (7.52%) Ansible
4 194 (4.23%) Puppet
5 125 (2.72%) Opscode Chef
6 50 (1.09%) Grafana
7 43 (0.94%) Istio
8 39 (0.85%) Prometheus
9 31 (0.68%) ZABBIX
10 25 (0.54%) Fortio
10 25 (0.54%) Kiali
11 23 (0.50%) Single Sign-On
12 18 (0.39%) HP Quality Center
13 14 (0.31%) Packer
14 12 (0.26%) Consul
15 11 (0.24%) Kibana
15 11 (0.24%) Rancher
16 10 (0.22%) Salt
17 9 (0.20%) Control-M
17 9 (0.20%) Nagios
Vendors
1 325 (7.08%) Google
2 287 (6.25%) Oracle
3 130 (2.83%) Microsoft
4 94 (2.05%) IBM
5 80 (1.74%) Talend
6 74 (1.61%) MuleSoft
6 74 (1.61%) Red Hat
7 70 (1.53%) SAP
8 59 (1.29%) Informatica
9 57 (1.24%) Adobe
10 54 (1.18%) Salesforce.com
11 52 (1.13%) Cloudera
12 44 (0.96%) Splunk
13 43 (0.94%) TIBCO
13 43 (0.94%) VMware
14 41 (0.89%) Atlassian
15 38 (0.83%) Dell
16 36 (0.78%) ServiceNow
17 33 (0.72%) Databricks
18 32 (0.70%) Sybase