Period
to 30 July 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for SQL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited SQL over the 6 months to 30 July 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

SQL (Structured Query Language)
England > London
6 months to
30 Jul 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 8 8 5
Rank change year-on-year 0 -3 0
Permanent jobs citing SQL 8,409 5,082 11,043
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in London 18.55% 17.85% 19.33%
As % of the Programming Languages category 30.19% 30.62% 34.48%
Number of salaries quoted 5,928 4,134 9,447
10th Percentile £42,500 £41,250 £36,250
25th Percentile £51,250 £50,000 £46,250
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £65,000 £65,000 £60,000
Median % change year-on-year - +8.33% +3.45%
75th Percentile £85,000 £83,000 £77,500
90th Percentile £100,000 £100,000 £88,750
England median annual salary £52,500 £52,500 £50,000
% change year-on-year - +5.00% +5.26%

SQL is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 27,857 16,595 32,024
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in London 61.46% 58.29% 56.07%
Number of salaries quoted 17,722 13,799 27,246
10th Percentile £45,000 £42,500 £38,750
25th Percentile £55,000 £52,500 £48,750
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £70,000 £70,000 £65,000
Median % change year-on-year - +7.69% +4.00%
75th Percentile £90,000 £87,500 £82,500
90th Percentile £107,500 £106,250 £97,500
England median annual salary £57,500 £55,000 £52,500
% change year-on-year +4.55% +4.76% +5.00%

SQL
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing SQL as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for SQL in London

SQL
Salary Trend in London

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing SQL in London.

Salary trend for SQL in London

SQL
Salary Histogram in London

Salary distribution for jobs citing SQL in London over the 6 months to 30 July 2021.

Salary histogram for SQL in London

SQL
Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing SQL within the London region over the 6 months to 30 July 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London +5 1,310 £67,500 +3.85% 368
West London -4 295 £60,000 +9.09% 114
South London -2 182 £50,500 +1.00% 36
East London -2 63 £57,500 -4.17% 115
North London 0 27 £50,000 +1.48% 8
SQL
England

For the 6 months to 30 July 2021, IT jobs citing SQL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the London region with a requirement for SQL.

1 3,020 (35.91%) Python
2 2,864 (34.06%) Agile Software Development
3 2,791 (33.19%) Finance
4 2,368 (28.16%) Azure
5 2,265 (26.94%) AWS
6 2,038 (24.24%) C#
7 1,922 (22.86%) Java
8 1,906 (22.67%) JavaScript
9 1,887 (22.44%) .NET
10 1,806 (21.48%) Analytics
11 1,695 (20.16%) Social Skills
12 1,622 (19.29%) SQL Server
13 1,560 (18.55%) Software Engineering
14 1,518 (18.05%) Microservices
15 1,491 (17.73%) DevOps
16 1,471 (17.49%) Business Intelligence
17 1,457 (17.33%) Docker
18 1,352 (16.08%) Microsoft
19 1,319 (15.69%) NoSQL
20 1,276 (15.17%) Kubernetes
21 1,240 (14.75%) React
22 1,148 (13.65%) Degree
23 1,109 (13.19%) Power Platform
24 1,046 (12.44%) Problem-Solving
25 1,031 (12.26%) Power BI
26 1,020 (12.13%) Git (software)
27 1,010 (12.01%) Data Warehouse
28 1,009 (12.00%) Analytical Skills
29 1,008 (11.99%) Full Stack Development
30 998 (11.87%) Test Automation

SQL
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 574 (6.83%) Apache Spark
2 320 (3.81%) SharePoint
3 297 (3.53%) Apache
4 261 (3.10%) Apache Airflow
5 233 (2.77%) Elasticsearch
6 152 (1.81%) Confluence
7 121 (1.44%) IIS
8 103 (1.22%) CMS
9 88 (1.05%) SAS
10 80 (0.95%) Tomcat
11 59 (0.70%) Luigi
12 46 (0.55%) nginx
13 39 (0.46%) WordPress
14 38 (0.45%) Oracle SOA Suite
15 35 (0.42%) Apache Pig
16 33 (0.39%) Tornado
17 31 (0.37%) Jupyter
18 30 (0.36%) MS Exchange
19 26 (0.31%) WebSphere
20 20 (0.24%) JBoss
Applications
1 470 (5.59%) Microsoft Excel
2 195 (2.32%) Microsoft Office
3 51 (0.61%) Spreadsheet
4 48 (0.57%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 42 (0.50%) MS Visio
6 19 (0.23%) Sketch
7 18 (0.21%) Photoshop
8 17 (0.20%) Adobe Illustrator
8 17 (0.20%) GIMP
9 14 (0.17%) InVision
9 14 (0.17%) SPSS
10 12 (0.14%) SOLIDWORKS
11 10 (0.12%) Figma
12 8 (0.095%) AutoCAD
12 8 (0.095%) Microsoft Project
13 7 (0.083%) Chatbot
13 7 (0.083%) InfoPath
13 7 (0.083%) Stata
14 5 (0.059%) Revit
15 4 (0.048%) Mingle
Business Applications
1 148 (1.76%) Dynamics CRM
2 20 (0.24%) Dynamics AX
3 19 (0.23%) NetSuite
4 18 (0.21%) IBM Planning Analytics
4 18 (0.21%) Oracle ERP
5 17 (0.20%) Oracle EBS
6 16 (0.19%) SAP ERP
6 16 (0.19%) Sentinel
7 13 (0.15%) Dynamics NAV
8 12 (0.14%) Distributed Ledger
8 12 (0.14%) Magento
8 12 (0.14%) R3 Corda
9 10 (0.12%) Payment Gateway
9 10 (0.12%) Primavera
10 9 (0.11%) Elite 3E
11 8 (0.095%) PeopleSoft HCM
11 8 (0.095%) Social Studio
11 8 (0.095%) Summit
12 7 (0.083%) SAP Oil and Gas
12 7 (0.083%) Unica
Cloud Services
1 2,368 (28.16%) Azure
2 2,265 (26.94%) AWS
3 1,109 (13.19%) Power Platform
4 892 (10.61%) GCP
5 729 (8.67%) Serverless
6 490 (5.83%) SaaS
7 422 (5.02%) AWS Lambda
8 371 (4.41%) Amazon EC2
9 350 (4.16%) Amazon S3
10 329 (3.91%) GitHub
11 327 (3.89%) Snowflake
12 309 (3.67%) PaaS
13 265 (3.15%) Microsoft 365
14 240 (2.85%) Azure Data Factory
15 194 (2.31%) Amazon ECS
16 152 (1.81%) Azure Active Directory
17 135 (1.61%) PowerApps
18 133 (1.58%) Azure Service Bus
19 132 (1.57%) IaaS
20 130 (1.55%) Azure Functions
Communications & Networking
1 292 (3.47%) HTTP
2 133 (1.58%) Firewall
3 63 (0.75%) TCP/IP
4 59 (0.70%) Internet
5 57 (0.68%) DNS
6 51 (0.61%) FTP
6 51 (0.61%) VPN
7 40 (0.48%) DHCP
8 34 (0.40%) WAN
9 33 (0.39%) SSL
10 32 (0.38%) SSH
11 30 (0.36%) AMQP
11 30 (0.36%) LAN
12 24 (0.29%) Extranet
13 23 (0.27%) Broadband
14 22 (0.26%) Intranet
15 21 (0.25%) Intrusion Detection
15 21 (0.25%) SAN
16 20 (0.24%) FIX Connectivity
17 19 (0.23%) Network Security
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,622 (19.29%) SQL Server
2 1,319 (15.69%) NoSQL
3 1,031 (12.26%) Power BI
4 1,010 (12.01%) Data Warehouse
5 841 (10.00%) Relational Database
6 802 (9.54%) PostgreSQL
7 759 (9.03%) Tableau
8 682 (8.11%) Big Data
9 604 (7.18%) SQL Server Integration Services
10 539 (6.41%) MongoDB
11 514 (6.11%) SQL Server Reporting Services
12 508 (6.04%) MySQL
13 399 (4.74%) Hadoop
14 344 (4.09%) SQL Server Analysis Services
15 329 (3.91%) Azure SQL Database
16 306 (3.64%) BigQuery
16 306 (3.64%) Redis
17 295 (3.51%) Data Lake
18 293 (3.48%) Amazon Redshift
19 245 (2.91%) RDBMS
Development Applications
1 1,020 (12.13%) Git (software)
2 578 (6.87%) JIRA
3 520 (6.18%) Jenkins
4 267 (3.18%) Visual Studio
5 259 (3.08%) Selenium
6 216 (2.57%) TeamCity
7 187 (2.22%) JUnit
7 187 (2.22%) Octopus Deploy
8 183 (2.18%) Team Foundation Server
9 172 (2.05%) Maven
10 156 (1.86%) webpack
11 151 (1.80%) Atlassian Bamboo
12 120 (1.43%) NUnit
13 104 (1.24%) Cypress.io
14 101 (1.20%) GitLab
15 98 (1.17%) Cucumber
16 96 (1.14%) SpecFlow
17 94 (1.12%) Vagrant
18 93 (1.11%) Postman
19 92 (1.09%) Bitbucket
General
1 2,791 (33.19%) Finance
2 1,695 (20.16%) Social Skills
3 1,009 (12.00%) Analytical Skills
4 839 (9.98%) Banking
5 444 (5.28%) Marketing
6 358 (4.26%) Front Office
7 335 (3.98%) Retail
8 219 (2.60%) Games
9 213 (2.53%) Advertising
10 202 (2.40%) Back Office
11 183 (2.18%) Legal
12 178 (2.12%) Investment Banking
13 152 (1.81%) Law
13 152 (1.81%) Presentation Skills
14 122 (1.45%) Inclusion and Diversity
15 97 (1.15%) Financial Institution
16 78 (0.93%) Public Sector
17 75 (0.89%) Manufacturing
18 69 (0.82%) Influencing Skills
19 65 (0.77%) Organisational Skills
Job Titles
1 2,979 (35.43%) Developer
2 1,230 (14.63%) Analyst
3 822 (9.78%) Software Engineer
4 725 (8.62%) Data Engineer
5 607 (7.22%) Senior Developer
6 531 (6.31%) .NET Developer
7 448 (5.33%) C# Developer
8 441 (5.24%) Data Analyst
9 412 (4.90%) Java Developer
10 345 (4.10%) Python Engineer
10 345 (4.10%) SQL Developer
11 334 (3.97%) Full Stack Developer
12 331 (3.94%) Architect
13 297 (3.53%) Applications Support
14 291 (3.46%) Python Developer
15 247 (2.94%) Java Engineer
16 246 (2.93%) Software Developer
17 241 (2.87%) C# .NET Developer
18 236 (2.81%) AWS Engineer
19 229 (2.72%) Data Scientist
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,887 (22.44%) .NET
2 1,240 (14.75%) React
3 916 (10.89%) CSS
4 893 (10.62%) HTML
5 891 (10.60%) REST
6 868 (10.32%) AngularJS
7 829 (9.86%) Web Services
8 735 (8.74%) .NET Core
9 661 (7.86%) Node.js
10 615 (7.31%) Kafka
11 605 (7.19%) Spring
12 553 (6.58%) RESTful
13 460 (5.47%) .NET Framework
14 456 (5.42%) ASP.NET
15 429 (5.10%) JSON
16 376 (4.47%) XML
17 352 (4.19%) Vue.js
18 339 (4.03%) GraphQL
19 334 (3.97%) ASP.NET Web API
20 332 (3.95%) Spring Boot
Miscellaneous
1 462 (5.49%) User Experience
2 393 (4.67%) Hedge funds
3 339 (4.03%) Algorithms
4 314 (3.73%) Equities
5 275 (3.27%) Derivative
6 254 (3.02%) Data Structures
7 235 (2.79%) Self-Motivation
8 234 (2.78%) Greenfield Project
9 233 (2.77%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
10 216 (2.57%) Fixed Income
11 186 (2.21%) Enterprise Software
12 179 (2.13%) Management Information System
13 175 (2.08%) Mobile App
14 136 (1.62%) Pricing Data
15 115 (1.37%) Cloud Native
16 110 (1.31%) Public Cloud
17 99 (1.18%) Virtual Team
18 93 (1.11%) Legacy Systems
19 85 (1.01%) Data Centre
20 82 (0.98%) Linux Command Line
Operating Systems
1 899 (10.69%) Linux
2 587 (6.98%) Windows
3 379 (4.51%) Unix
4 139 (1.65%) Windows Server
5 87 (1.03%) Android
6 82 (0.98%) Apple iOS
7 69 (0.82%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 47 (0.56%) Windows 10
9 46 (0.55%) Windows Server 2016
10 43 (0.51%) Ubuntu
11 39 (0.46%) CentOS
12 34 (0.40%) Windows Server 2012
13 31 (0.37%) Solaris
14 20 (0.24%) Windows Server 2019
15 12 (0.14%) Windows 7
16 11 (0.13%) Windows Server 2008
16 11 (0.13%) Windows XP
17 8 (0.095%) Kali Linux
18 7 (0.083%) VMS
18 7 (0.083%) Windows Server 2003
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,864 (34.06%) Agile Software Development
2 1,806 (21.48%) Analytics
3 1,560 (18.55%) Software Engineering
4 1,518 (18.05%) Microservices
5 1,491 (17.73%) DevOps
6 1,471 (17.49%) Business Intelligence
7 1,046 (12.44%) Problem-Solving
8 1,008 (11.99%) Full Stack Development
9 998 (11.87%) Test Automation
10 997 (11.86%) ETL
11 950 (11.30%) Data Science
12 876 (10.42%) TDD
13 871 (10.36%) Computer Science
14 817 (9.72%) Fintech
15 774 (9.20%) Visualisation
16 752 (8.94%) Data Modelling
17 741 (8.81%) Continuous Integration
18 702 (8.35%) Machine Learning
19 692 (8.23%) Scrum
20 635 (7.55%) Artificial Intelligence
Programming Languages
1 3,020 (35.91%) Python
2 2,038 (24.24%) C#
3 1,922 (22.86%) Java
4 1,906 (22.67%) JavaScript
5 724 (8.61%) TypeScript
6 589 (7.00%) T-SQL
7 519 (6.17%) PowerShell
8 402 (4.78%) Scala
9 393 (4.67%) R
10 365 (4.34%) C++
11 259 (3.08%) C
12 257 (3.06%) Go
13 249 (2.96%) PHP
14 239 (2.84%) Kotlin
15 221 (2.63%) PL/SQL
16 190 (2.26%) Bash Shell
17 187 (2.22%) Java 8
18 173 (2.06%) Shell Script
19 157 (1.87%) VBA
20 153 (1.82%) Ruby
Qualifications
1 1,148 (13.65%) Degree
2 420 (4.99%) Computer Science Degree
3 97 (1.15%) Security Cleared
4 86 (1.02%) Master's Degree
5 63 (0.75%) PhD
6 62 (0.74%) Microsoft Certification
7 60 (0.71%) Numerate Degree
8 57 (0.68%) SC Cleared
9 33 (0.39%) ISTQB
10 24 (0.29%) MCSA
11 21 (0.25%) DBS Check
12 20 (0.24%) DV Cleared
12 20 (0.24%) MCSE
13 19 (0.23%) BPSS Clearance
14 18 (0.21%) ISEB
14 18 (0.21%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
14 18 (0.21%) Oracle Certification
15 17 (0.20%) TOGAF Certification
16 16 (0.19%) ITIL Certification
17 15 (0.18%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 646 (7.68%) QA
2 337 (4.01%) Data Quality
3 125 (1.49%) GDPR
4 68 (0.81%) Accessibility
5 51 (0.61%) PSD2
6 45 (0.54%) SLA
7 42 (0.50%) GRC
8 24 (0.29%) ISO/IEC 27001
9 14 (0.17%) MiFID
9 14 (0.17%) PCI DSS
10 9 (0.11%) Basel II
10 9 (0.11%) CRD IV
10 9 (0.11%) EMIR
11 7 (0.083%) COREP
11 7 (0.083%) IFRS
11 7 (0.083%) PMO
11 7 (0.083%) Sarbanes-Oxley
11 7 (0.083%) Solvency II
12 6 (0.071%) WCAG
13 5 (0.059%) Good Clinical Practice
System Software
1 1,457 (17.33%) Docker
2 225 (2.68%) Active Directory
3 88 (1.05%) VMware Infrastructure
4 74 (0.88%) VirtualBox
5 44 (0.52%) Hyper-V
6 42 (0.50%) HDFS
7 23 (0.27%) Apache ZooKeeper
8 21 (0.25%) Virtual Machines
9 18 (0.21%) vSphere
10 14 (0.17%) Ceph
10 14 (0.17%) XenApp
11 12 (0.14%) Snort
11 12 (0.14%) VMware ESXi
12 11 (0.13%) ISA Server
13 10 (0.12%) Forefront TMG
13 10 (0.12%) Terminal Services
14 9 (0.11%) VMware Server
15 8 (0.095%) KVM
15 8 (0.095%) Squid
15 8 (0.095%) Virtual Desktop
Systems Management
1 1,276 (15.17%) Kubernetes
2 580 (6.90%) Terraform
3 238 (2.83%) Ansible
4 187 (2.22%) Grafana
5 181 (2.15%) Prometheus
6 108 (1.28%) Opscode Chef
7 98 (1.17%) Puppet
8 96 (1.14%) Docker Swarm
9 58 (0.69%) SCCM
10 41 (0.49%) Microsoft Intune
11 32 (0.38%) Opsgenie
12 31 (0.37%) Graphite
13 26 (0.31%) Graylog
14 25 (0.30%) Hadoop YARN
14 25 (0.30%) SCOM
15 22 (0.26%) Control-M
16 21 (0.25%) Kubeflow
17 18 (0.21%) Packer
18 17 (0.20%) Consul
19 16 (0.19%) Nagios
Vendors
1 1,352 (16.08%) Microsoft
2 765 (9.10%) Oracle
3 742 (8.82%) Google
4 245 (2.91%) Databricks
5 189 (2.25%) Salesforce.com
6 160 (1.90%) SAP
7 153 (1.82%) VMware
8 152 (1.81%) IBM
9 138 (1.64%) Informatica
10 126 (1.50%) Talend
11 119 (1.42%) Sybase
12 116 (1.38%) Samsung
13 111 (1.32%) Alteryx
14 102 (1.21%) Cloudera
15 90 (1.07%) Hortonworks
15 90 (1.07%) Red Hat
16 75 (0.89%) Splunk
17 73 (0.87%) Adobe
17 73 (0.87%) Bloomberg
18 65 (0.77%) ServiceNow