Period
to 15 October 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for SQL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited SQL over the 6 months to 15 October 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

SQL (Structured Query Language)
England > London
6 months to
15 Oct 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 8 8 5
Rank change year-on-year 0 -3 0
Permanent jobs citing SQL 9,383 3,509 10,220
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in London 18.67% 18.11% 18.65%
As % of the Programming Languages category 30.70% 29.59% 33.26%
Number of salaries quoted 6,571 3,057 8,660
10th Percentile £42,500 £41,250 £36,250
25th Percentile £51,250 £51,250 £46,250
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £65,000 £67,500 £60,000
Median % change year-on-year -3.70% +12.50% -
75th Percentile £85,000 £85,000 £77,500
90th Percentile £102,500 £108,500 £91,000
England median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
% change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% +1.88%

SQL is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 30,564 11,860 30,725
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in London 60.81% 61.21% 56.07%
Number of salaries quoted 18,903 10,214 25,862
10th Percentile £45,000 £45,000 £38,750
25th Percentile £55,000 £53,750 £50,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £72,500 £70,000 £65,000
Median % change year-on-year +3.57% +7.69% +4.00%
75th Percentile £90,000 £87,500 £85,000
90th Percentile £110,000 £110,000 £100,000
England median annual salary £60,000 £57,000 £52,500
% change year-on-year +5.26% +8.57% +5.00%

SQL
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing SQL as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for SQL in London

SQL
Salary Trend in London

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing SQL in London.

Salary trend for SQL in London

SQL
Salary Histogram in London

Salary distribution for jobs citing SQL in London over the 6 months to 15 October 2021.

Salary histogram for SQL in London

SQL
Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing SQL within the London region over the 6 months to 15 October 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London +4 1,346 £67,500 +3.85% 417
West London -8 282 £57,500 +12.20% 120
South London +4 187 £52,500 -12.50% 44
East London -4 79 £65,000 - 124
North London -1 28 £48,022 -3.96% 12
SQL
England

For the 6 months to 15 October 2021, IT jobs citing SQL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the London region with a requirement for SQL.

1 3,395 (36.18%) Python
2 3,343 (35.63%) Agile Software Development
3 3,080 (32.83%) Finance
4 2,667 (28.42%) Azure
5 2,565 (27.34%) AWS
6 2,215 (23.61%) C#
7 2,076 (22.13%) JavaScript
8 2,075 (22.11%) Analytics
9 2,024 (21.57%) Java
10 1,993 (21.24%) Social Skills
11 1,976 (21.06%) .NET
12 1,888 (20.12%) SQL Server
13 1,813 (19.32%) Software Engineering
14 1,722 (18.35%) Business Intelligence
15 1,617 (17.23%) Microservices
16 1,577 (16.81%) DevOps
17 1,525 (16.25%) Microsoft
18 1,486 (15.84%) React
19 1,440 (15.35%) Docker
20 1,357 (14.46%) NoSQL
21 1,334 (14.22%) Full Stack Development
22 1,280 (13.64%) Kubernetes
23 1,244 (13.26%) Power Platform
24 1,205 (12.84%) Problem-Solving
25 1,190 (12.68%) Data Warehouse
26 1,187 (12.65%) Power BI
27 1,178 (12.55%) Degree
28 1,173 (12.50%) Test Automation
29 1,168 (12.45%) ETL
30 1,156 (12.32%) Data Science

SQL
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 583 (6.21%) Apache Spark
2 341 (3.63%) Apache
3 272 (2.90%) Elasticsearch
4 244 (2.60%) Apache Airflow
5 231 (2.46%) SharePoint
6 198 (2.11%) Confluence
7 152 (1.62%) CMS
8 127 (1.35%) IIS
9 119 (1.27%) SAS
10 75 (0.80%) Tomcat
11 64 (0.68%) WordPress
12 56 (0.60%) Jupyter
13 50 (0.53%) nginx
14 48 (0.51%) Luigi
15 35 (0.37%) Oracle SOA Suite
16 32 (0.34%) MS Exchange
17 27 (0.29%) Tornado
18 26 (0.28%) Apache Pig
19 24 (0.26%) Drupal
19 24 (0.26%) EPiServer
Applications
1 558 (5.95%) Microsoft Excel
2 245 (2.61%) Microsoft Office
3 73 (0.78%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 53 (0.56%) MS Visio
5 31 (0.33%) Spreadsheet
6 20 (0.21%) Figma
7 19 (0.20%) Adobe Illustrator
7 19 (0.20%) SPSS
8 16 (0.17%) Photoshop
8 16 (0.17%) Sketch
9 15 (0.16%) Chatbot
9 15 (0.16%) GIMP
10 14 (0.15%) InVision
11 10 (0.11%) SOLIDWORKS
12 9 (0.096%) Microsoft Project
13 7 (0.075%) Adobe Creative Suite
14 6 (0.064%) InfoPath
15 5 (0.053%) AutoCAD
16 3 (0.032%) Mingle
17 2 (0.021%) Stata
Business Applications
1 98 (1.04%) Dynamics CRM
2 25 (0.27%) NetSuite
3 22 (0.23%) IBM Planning Analytics
4 19 (0.20%) Sentinel
5 14 (0.15%) Distributed Ledger
5 14 (0.15%) R3 Corda
6 13 (0.14%) Magento
6 13 (0.14%) Shopify
7 12 (0.13%) Dynamics AX
7 12 (0.13%) Payment Gateway
7 12 (0.13%) SAP ERP
8 11 (0.12%) Dynamics NAV
8 11 (0.12%) Oracle ERP
8 11 (0.12%) SAP Business One
9 10 (0.11%) Primavera
10 9 (0.096%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
11 8 (0.085%) Oracle EBS
11 8 (0.085%) Unica
12 7 (0.075%) SAP FI
12 7 (0.075%) SAP FI/CO
Cloud Services
1 2,667 (28.42%) Azure
2 2,565 (27.34%) AWS
3 1,244 (13.26%) Power Platform
4 1,072 (11.42%) GCP
5 777 (8.28%) Serverless
6 513 (5.47%) SaaS
7 503 (5.36%) AWS Lambda
8 421 (4.49%) Amazon EC2
9 408 (4.35%) GitHub
10 376 (4.01%) Amazon S3
11 349 (3.72%) Snowflake
12 302 (3.22%) Azure Data Factory
13 280 (2.98%) Microsoft 365
14 264 (2.81%) PaaS
15 235 (2.50%) Amazon ECS
16 166 (1.77%) Google Analytics
17 130 (1.39%) IaaS
18 128 (1.36%) Azure Cosmos DB
19 122 (1.30%) PowerApps
20 121 (1.29%) Amazon SQS
Communications & Networking
1 298 (3.18%) HTTP
2 136 (1.45%) Firewall
3 88 (0.94%) DNS
4 71 (0.76%) VPN
5 70 (0.75%) TCP/IP
6 61 (0.65%) Internet
7 54 (0.58%) DHCP
8 52 (0.55%) Broadband
9 43 (0.46%) SSL
10 38 (0.40%) FTP
11 34 (0.36%) LAN
12 33 (0.35%) WAN
13 30 (0.32%) AMQP
14 24 (0.26%) VoIP
15 20 (0.21%) IPv4
16 19 (0.20%) FIX Connectivity
16 19 (0.20%) SMTP
16 19 (0.20%) SSH
17 18 (0.19%) SMS
18 17 (0.18%) SAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,888 (20.12%) SQL Server
2 1,357 (14.46%) NoSQL
3 1,190 (12.68%) Data Warehouse
4 1,187 (12.65%) Power BI
5 910 (9.70%) Relational Database
6 902 (9.61%) PostgreSQL
7 862 (9.19%) Tableau
8 727 (7.75%) Big Data
9 640 (6.82%) SQL Server Integration Services
10 581 (6.19%) MySQL
11 571 (6.09%) MongoDB
12 526 (5.61%) SQL Server Reporting Services
13 430 (4.58%) Data Lake
14 416 (4.43%) Hadoop
15 378 (4.03%) SQL Server Analysis Services
16 357 (3.80%) Azure SQL Database
17 336 (3.58%) Redis
18 316 (3.37%) BigQuery
19 273 (2.91%) Amazon Redshift
20 269 (2.87%) Amazon DynamoDB
Development Applications
1 1,112 (11.85%) Git (software)
2 656 (6.99%) JIRA
3 537 (5.72%) Jenkins
4 259 (2.76%) Selenium
5 256 (2.73%) Visual Studio
6 228 (2.43%) TeamCity
7 227 (2.42%) Octopus Deploy
8 197 (2.10%) Team Foundation Server
9 181 (1.93%) JUnit
10 179 (1.91%) NUnit
11 158 (1.68%) webpack
12 154 (1.64%) Maven
13 141 (1.50%) GitLab
14 135 (1.44%) Cypress.io
15 125 (1.33%) Atlassian Bamboo
16 117 (1.25%) Postman
17 108 (1.15%) Bitbucket
18 105 (1.12%) Moq
19 101 (1.08%) SpecFlow
20 89 (0.95%) CircleCI
General
1 3,080 (32.83%) Finance
2 1,993 (21.24%) Social Skills
3 1,117 (11.90%) Analytical Skills
4 902 (9.61%) Banking
5 545 (5.81%) Marketing
6 392 (4.18%) Retail
7 388 (4.14%) Front Office
8 240 (2.56%) Games
9 234 (2.49%) Advertising
10 202 (2.15%) Presentation Skills
11 197 (2.10%) Legal
12 187 (1.99%) Investment Banking
13 180 (1.92%) Law
14 178 (1.90%) Back Office
15 134 (1.43%) Inclusion and Diversity
16 104 (1.11%) Publishing
17 101 (1.08%) Organisational Skills
17 101 (1.08%) Public Sector
18 99 (1.06%) Financial Institution
19 85 (0.91%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 3,214 (34.25%) Developer
2 1,403 (14.95%) Analyst
3 967 (10.31%) Software Engineer
4 834 (8.89%) Data Engineer
5 622 (6.63%) Senior Developer
6 567 (6.04%) .NET Developer
7 527 (5.62%) Data Analyst
8 460 (4.90%) Python Engineer
9 431 (4.59%) C# Developer
9 431 (4.59%) Full Stack Developer
10 424 (4.52%) Java Developer
11 378 (4.03%) Python Developer
12 369 (3.93%) SQL Developer
13 349 (3.72%) Architect
14 286 (3.05%) Developer/Software Engineer
15 280 (2.98%) AWS Engineer
16 278 (2.96%) Java Engineer
17 271 (2.89%) Software Developer
18 266 (2.83%) Applications Support
19 261 (2.78%) Python Software Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,976 (21.06%) .NET
2 1,486 (15.84%) React
3 961 (10.24%) AngularJS
4 941 (10.03%) Web Services
5 935 (9.96%) REST
6 926 (9.87%) HTML
7 909 (9.69%) CSS
8 781 (8.32%) Node.js
9 751 (8.00%) .NET Core
10 725 (7.73%) Kafka
11 640 (6.82%) Spring
12 554 (5.90%) RESTful
13 544 (5.80%) .NET Framework
14 511 (5.45%) ASP.NET
15 467 (4.98%) JSON
16 409 (4.36%) XML
17 388 (4.14%) Vue.js
18 371 (3.95%) ASP.NET Web API
19 349 (3.72%) Spring Boot
20 346 (3.69%) GraphQL
Miscellaneous
1 532 (5.67%) User Experience
2 413 (4.40%) Hedge funds
3 412 (4.39%) Algorithms
4 361 (3.85%) Equities
5 267 (2.85%) Derivative
6 265 (2.82%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
7 259 (2.76%) Greenfield Project
8 252 (2.69%) Data Structures
9 250 (2.66%) Self-Motivation
10 235 (2.50%) Enterprise Software
11 229 (2.44%) Fixed Income
12 222 (2.37%) Management Information System
13 209 (2.23%) Mobile App
14 155 (1.65%) Pricing Data
15 146 (1.56%) Cloud Native
16 138 (1.47%) Public Cloud
17 107 (1.14%) Virtual Team
18 86 (0.92%) Social Media
19 84 (0.90%) Linux Command Line
20 82 (0.87%) Client/Server
Operating Systems
1 896 (9.55%) Linux
2 621 (6.62%) Windows
3 394 (4.20%) Unix
4 170 (1.81%) Windows Server
5 124 (1.32%) Apple iOS
6 116 (1.24%) Android
7 63 (0.67%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 63 (0.67%) Windows 10
8 57 (0.61%) Windows Server 2016
9 55 (0.59%) Windows Server 2012
10 37 (0.39%) CentOS
11 24 (0.26%) Mac OS X
12 22 (0.23%) Ubuntu
13 21 (0.22%) VMS
13 21 (0.22%) Windows Server 2019
14 15 (0.16%) Solaris
15 13 (0.14%) Windows Server 2008
16 12 (0.13%) Mac OS
17 11 (0.12%) Windows XP
18 7 (0.075%) Windows Server 2003
Processes & Methodologies
1 3,343 (35.63%) Agile Software Development
2 2,075 (22.11%) Analytics
3 1,813 (19.32%) Software Engineering
4 1,722 (18.35%) Business Intelligence
5 1,617 (17.23%) Microservices
6 1,577 (16.81%) DevOps
7 1,334 (14.22%) Full Stack Development
8 1,205 (12.84%) Problem-Solving
9 1,173 (12.50%) Test Automation
10 1,168 (12.45%) ETL
11 1,156 (12.32%) Data Science
12 998 (10.64%) TDD
13 969 (10.33%) Data Modelling
14 959 (10.22%) Computer Science
15 935 (9.96%) Visualisation
16 852 (9.08%) Scrum
17 834 (8.89%) Fintech
18 779 (8.30%) Machine Learning
19 770 (8.21%) Continuous Integration
20 723 (7.71%) SDLC
Programming Languages
1 3,395 (36.18%) Python
2 2,215 (23.61%) C#
3 2,076 (22.13%) JavaScript
4 2,024 (21.57%) Java
5 910 (9.70%) TypeScript
6 650 (6.93%) T-SQL
7 568 (6.05%) PowerShell
8 472 (5.03%) R
9 465 (4.96%) Scala
10 315 (3.36%) C++
11 303 (3.23%) PHP
12 277 (2.95%) Go
13 263 (2.80%) Kotlin
14 241 (2.57%) C
15 238 (2.54%) Bash Shell
16 200 (2.13%) PL/SQL
17 176 (1.88%) Shell Script
18 171 (1.82%) VBA
19 166 (1.77%) Java 8
20 165 (1.76%) Ruby
Qualifications
1 1,178 (12.55%) Degree
2 418 (4.45%) Computer Science Degree
3 114 (1.21%) Master's Degree
4 86 (0.92%) Microsoft Certification
5 70 (0.75%) Security Cleared
6 61 (0.65%) PhD
7 50 (0.53%) Numerate Degree
8 49 (0.52%) ISTQB
9 48 (0.51%) SC Cleared
10 33 (0.35%) MCSA
11 31 (0.33%) MCSE
12 30 (0.32%) ISEB
13 26 (0.28%) Tableau Certification
14 22 (0.23%) ITIL Certification
15 21 (0.22%) AWS Certification
16 20 (0.21%) Cisco Certification
16 20 (0.21%) DBS Check
17 19 (0.20%) CCNA
18 18 (0.19%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
19 14 (0.15%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 831 (8.86%) QA
2 478 (5.09%) Data Quality
3 115 (1.23%) GDPR
4 74 (0.79%) Accessibility
5 63 (0.67%) SLA
6 50 (0.53%) PSD2
7 49 (0.52%) GRC
8 27 (0.29%) ISO/IEC 27001
9 16 (0.17%) PCI DSS
10 13 (0.14%) WCAG
11 12 (0.13%) IFRS
12 11 (0.12%) MiFID
12 11 (0.12%) Solvency II
13 9 (0.096%) COREP
14 8 (0.085%) EMIR
14 8 (0.085%) NIST
15 7 (0.075%) Actionable Recommendations
15 7 (0.075%) HL7
16 6 (0.064%) IFRS 9
16 6 (0.064%) PMO
System Software
1 1,440 (15.35%) Docker
2 236 (2.52%) Active Directory
3 87 (0.93%) VMware Infrastructure
4 63 (0.67%) Hyper-V
5 44 (0.47%) HDFS
6 38 (0.40%) Virtual Machines
7 34 (0.36%) VirtualBox
8 24 (0.26%) Apache ZooKeeper
8 24 (0.26%) vSphere
9 13 (0.14%) Ceph
10 12 (0.13%) VMware Server
10 12 (0.13%) XenApp
11 11 (0.12%) ISA Server
11 11 (0.12%) Virtual Servers
12 9 (0.096%) Snort
12 9 (0.096%) Virtual Desktop
12 9 (0.096%) VMware ESXi
13 8 (0.085%) Citrix Hypervisor
13 8 (0.085%) KVM
13 8 (0.085%) Postfix
Systems Management
1 1,280 (13.64%) Kubernetes
2 636 (6.78%) Terraform
3 226 (2.41%) Ansible
4 225 (2.40%) Grafana
5 179 (1.91%) Prometheus
6 107 (1.14%) Puppet
7 91 (0.97%) Opscode Chef
8 63 (0.67%) SCCM
9 56 (0.60%) Docker Swarm
10 52 (0.55%) Microsoft Intune
11 48 (0.51%) Opsgenie
12 35 (0.37%) Graphite
13 33 (0.35%) Hadoop YARN
14 32 (0.34%) Kibana
15 30 (0.32%) Graylog
15 30 (0.32%) Nagios
16 29 (0.31%) Kubeflow
16 29 (0.31%) logstash
17 27 (0.29%) Control-M
18 26 (0.28%) HAProxy
Vendors
1 1,525 (16.25%) Microsoft
2 819 (8.73%) Google
3 800 (8.53%) Oracle
4 300 (3.20%) Databricks
5 218 (2.32%) Salesforce.com
6 173 (1.84%) SAP
7 157 (1.67%) VMware
8 144 (1.53%) Informatica
9 122 (1.30%) Talend
10 121 (1.29%) Alteryx
11 119 (1.27%) Samsung
12 117 (1.25%) IBM
13 109 (1.16%) Adobe
14 102 (1.09%) Bloomberg
15 97 (1.03%) Splunk
16 93 (0.99%) Red Hat
17 78 (0.83%) Sybase
18 70 (0.75%) ServiceNow
19 69 (0.74%) Atlassian
20 61 (0.65%) Cloudera