Period
to 6 May 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for SQL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited SQL over the 6 months to 6 May 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

SQL (Structured Query Language)
England > London
6 months to
6 May 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 9 6 5
Rank change year-on-year -3 -1 0
Permanent jobs citing SQL 5,919 7,577 11,799
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in London 18.03% 17.91% 19.77%
As % of the Programming Languages category 29.98% 31.68% 34.89%
Number of salaries quoted 4,716 6,260 9,964
10th Percentile £41,250 £38,750 £36,750
25th Percentile £50,000 £47,500 £46,250
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £65,000 £62,500 £60,000
Median % change year-on-year +4.00% +4.17% +4.35%
75th Percentile £82,500 £80,000 £76,250
90th Percentile £95,063 £95,000 £90,000
England median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £50,000
% change year-on-year +5.00% - +5.26%

SQL is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 19,740 23,917 33,821
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in London 60.12% 56.53% 56.66%
Number of salaries quoted 15,376 20,022 28,614
10th Percentile £43,750 £41,250 £38,000
25th Percentile £55,000 £51,250 £48,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £70,000 £69,000 £65,000
Median % change year-on-year +1.45% +6.15% +8.33%
75th Percentile £88,750 £86,250 £82,500
90th Percentile £105,000 £105,000 £96,250
England median annual salary £57,500 £55,000 £52,500
% change year-on-year +4.55% +4.76% +5.00%

SQL
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing SQL as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for SQL in London

SQL
Salary Trend in London

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing SQL in London.

Salary trend for SQL in London

SQL
Salary Histogram in London

Salary distribution for jobs citing SQL in London over the 6 months to 6 May 2021.

Salary histogram for SQL in London

SQL
Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing SQL within the London region over the 6 months to 6 May 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London -1 1,254 £67,500 +3.85% 297
West London +1 229 £62,500 +13.64% 97
South London -7 122 £52,500 +5.00% 19
East London -5 39 £45,000 -25.00% 98
North London -2 15 £57,500 +43.75% 8
SQL
England

For the 6 months to 6 May 2021, IT jobs citing SQL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the London region with a requirement for SQL.

1 2,094 (35.38%) Python
2 1,953 (33.00%) Finance
3 1,845 (31.17%) Agile Software Development
4 1,844 (31.15%) Azure
5 1,443 (24.38%) C#
6 1,417 (23.94%) AWS
7 1,335 (22.55%) .NET
8 1,277 (21.57%) Java
9 1,262 (21.32%) JavaScript
10 1,235 (20.87%) SQL Server
11 1,221 (20.63%) Analytics
12 1,128 (19.06%) Social Skills
13 1,126 (19.02%) DevOps
14 1,093 (18.47%) Business Intelligence
15 1,020 (17.23%) Microsoft
16 922 (15.58%) Microservices
17 912 (15.41%) Degree
18 899 (15.19%) Docker
19 880 (14.87%) Software Engineering
20 837 (14.14%) Power Platform
21 768 (12.98%) ETL
22 766 (12.94%) NoSQL
23 763 (12.89%) Kubernetes
24 744 (12.57%) Power BI
25 736 (12.43%) Analytical Skills
26 727 (12.28%) Data Warehouse
27 674 (11.39%) CSS
28 656 (11.08%) React
29 645 (10.90%) Linux
30 642 (10.85%) Web Services

SQL
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 365 (6.17%) Apache Spark
2 343 (5.79%) SharePoint
3 177 (2.99%) Apache Airflow
4 165 (2.79%) Apache
5 126 (2.13%) Confluence
6 114 (1.93%) Elasticsearch
7 111 (1.88%) SAS
8 79 (1.33%) IIS
9 54 (0.91%) CMS
9 54 (0.91%) Luigi
10 41 (0.69%) Tomcat
11 34 (0.57%) Apache Pig
12 23 (0.39%) MS Exchange
13 22 (0.37%) WebSphere
14 21 (0.35%) EPiServer
15 19 (0.32%) BizTalk Server
15 19 (0.32%) nginx
16 17 (0.29%) Oracle SOA Suite
17 15 (0.25%) JBoss
18 12 (0.20%) WebSphere Application Server
Applications
1 318 (5.37%) Microsoft Excel
2 126 (2.13%) Microsoft Office
3 33 (0.56%) Spreadsheet
4 31 (0.52%) MS Visio
5 30 (0.51%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 22 (0.37%) SPSS
7 12 (0.20%) Sketch
8 10 (0.17%) Figma
9 7 (0.12%) Adobe Creative Suite
9 7 (0.12%) InVision
9 7 (0.12%) Microsoft Project
10 5 (0.084%) AutoCAD
10 5 (0.084%) Revit
10 5 (0.084%) Stata
11 4 (0.068%) Adobe Illustrator
11 4 (0.068%) GIMP
11 4 (0.068%) Photoshop
11 4 (0.068%) SOLIDWORKS
12 3 (0.051%) InfoPath
12 3 (0.051%) Mingle
Business Applications
1 192 (3.24%) Dynamics CRM
2 29 (0.49%) Dynamics AX
3 25 (0.42%) Oracle ERP
4 20 (0.34%) Oracle EBS
5 18 (0.30%) NetSuite
6 17 (0.29%) Summit
7 14 (0.24%) Dynamics NAV
8 12 (0.20%) Markit EDM
8 12 (0.20%) PeopleSoft HCM
9 10 (0.17%) Eagle PACE
10 9 (0.15%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
11 8 (0.14%) Social Studio
12 7 (0.12%) Magento
12 7 (0.12%) Payment Gateway
12 7 (0.12%) SAP ERP
13 6 (0.10%) Elite 3E
13 6 (0.10%) Endur
13 6 (0.10%) Oracle Payables
13 6 (0.10%) Oracle Receivables
13 6 (0.10%) SAP Business One
Cloud Services
1 1,844 (31.15%) Azure
2 1,417 (23.94%) AWS
3 837 (14.14%) Power Platform
4 550 (9.29%) GCP
5 498 (8.41%) Serverless
6 283 (4.78%) SaaS
7 262 (4.43%) PaaS
8 241 (4.07%) AWS Lambda
9 218 (3.68%) Amazon S3
10 211 (3.56%) Amazon EC2
11 199 (3.36%) Microsoft 365
12 191 (3.23%) Azure Data Factory
13 185 (3.13%) Azure Active Directory
14 159 (2.69%) Azure Service Bus
15 140 (2.37%) GitHub
16 137 (2.31%) Dynamics 365
17 136 (2.30%) Azure Functions
18 113 (1.91%) Amazon ECS
18 113 (1.91%) PowerApps
19 111 (1.88%) Azure App Service
Communications & Networking
1 101 (1.71%) Firewall
2 98 (1.66%) HTTP
3 47 (0.79%) TCP/IP
4 46 (0.78%) DNS
5 44 (0.74%) Internet
6 42 (0.71%) SSH
7 38 (0.64%) DHCP
8 29 (0.49%) FTP
9 27 (0.46%) FIX Connectivity
9 27 (0.46%) WAN
10 25 (0.42%) LAN
11 21 (0.35%) Intrusion Detection
12 20 (0.34%) VPN
13 18 (0.30%) Network Security
14 16 (0.27%) Intranet
15 14 (0.24%) Extranet
15 14 (0.24%) SAN
16 11 (0.19%) Broadband
16 11 (0.19%) Cisco ASA
17 10 (0.17%) VoIP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,235 (20.87%) SQL Server
2 766 (12.94%) NoSQL
3 744 (12.57%) Power BI
4 727 (12.28%) Data Warehouse
5 533 (9.00%) SQL Server Integration Services
6 517 (8.73%) Tableau
7 503 (8.50%) Relational Database
8 502 (8.48%) PostgreSQL
9 477 (8.06%) SQL Server Reporting Services
10 449 (7.59%) Big Data
11 355 (6.00%) MySQL
12 322 (5.44%) Azure SQL Database
13 295 (4.98%) Hadoop
14 270 (4.56%) MongoDB
15 255 (4.31%) Amazon Redshift
16 252 (4.26%) SQL Server Analysis Services
17 198 (3.35%) Data Lake
18 189 (3.19%) BigQuery
19 154 (2.60%) RDBMS
20 151 (2.55%) Redis
Development Applications
1 575 (9.71%) Git (software)
2 385 (6.50%) Jenkins
3 342 (5.78%) JIRA
4 202 (3.41%) Selenium
5 196 (3.31%) Visual Studio
6 168 (2.84%) Team Foundation Server
7 133 (2.25%) TeamCity
8 120 (2.03%) Maven
9 111 (1.88%) JUnit
10 105 (1.77%) Visual Studio Team System
11 102 (1.72%) Atlassian Bamboo
12 101 (1.71%) Cucumber
12 101 (1.71%) Octopus Deploy
13 91 (1.54%) Cypress.io
14 82 (1.39%) webpack
15 72 (1.22%) GitLab
16 71 (1.20%) Bitbucket
16 71 (1.20%) Postman
17 68 (1.15%) Vagrant
18 61 (1.03%) Gradle
General
1 1,953 (33.00%) Finance
2 1,128 (19.06%) Social Skills
3 736 (12.43%) Analytical Skills
4 597 (10.09%) Banking
5 320 (5.41%) Marketing
6 272 (4.60%) Front Office
7 214 (3.62%) Retail
8 172 (2.91%) Back Office
9 133 (2.25%) Advertising
10 114 (1.93%) Games
11 110 (1.86%) Legal
12 108 (1.82%) Investment Banking
13 105 (1.77%) Law
14 93 (1.57%) Presentation Skills
15 77 (1.30%) Financial Institution
16 74 (1.25%) Public Sector
17 64 (1.08%) Manufacturing
18 57 (0.96%) Influencing Skills
19 44 (0.74%) Organisational Skills
20 35 (0.59%) Telecoms
Job Titles
1 2,223 (37.56%) Developer
2 965 (16.30%) Analyst
3 533 (9.00%) Data Engineer
4 480 (8.11%) Senior Developer
5 408 (6.89%) Software Engineer
6 398 (6.72%) C# Developer
7 383 (6.47%) .NET Developer
8 326 (5.51%) Java Developer
9 308 (5.20%) SQL Developer
10 300 (5.07%) Applications Support
11 298 (5.03%) Data Analyst
12 275 (4.65%) Full Stack Developer
13 247 (4.17%) Python Developer
14 237 (4.00%) Architect
15 215 (3.63%) Python Engineer
16 191 (3.23%) C# .NET Developer
17 187 (3.16%) Support Analyst
18 176 (2.97%) Consultant
19 167 (2.82%) AWS Engineer
20 166 (2.80%) Data Scientist
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,335 (22.55%) .NET
2 674 (11.39%) CSS
3 656 (11.08%) React
4 642 (10.85%) Web Services
5 596 (10.07%) HTML
6 523 (8.84%) .NET Core
7 517 (8.73%) AngularJS
7 517 (8.73%) REST
8 353 (5.96%) Kafka
9 345 (5.83%) Spring
10 333 (5.63%) Node.js
11 330 (5.58%) .NET Framework
12 322 (5.44%) XML
13 300 (5.07%) ASP.NET
14 291 (4.92%) RESTful
15 269 (4.54%) jQuery
16 266 (4.49%) ASP.NET Web API
17 247 (4.17%) Vue.js
18 225 (3.80%) JSON
19 213 (3.60%) Spring Boot
Miscellaneous
1 346 (5.85%) Hedge funds
2 217 (3.67%) Equities
2 217 (3.67%) Greenfield Project
3 204 (3.45%) User Experience
4 192 (3.24%) Derivative
5 185 (3.13%) Algorithms
6 184 (3.11%) Data Structures
7 143 (2.42%) Self-Motivation
8 134 (2.26%) Fixed Income
9 133 (2.25%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
10 123 (2.08%) Management Information System
11 119 (2.01%) N-Tier
12 100 (1.69%) Mobile App
13 97 (1.64%) Enterprise Software
14 82 (1.39%) Virtual Team
15 78 (1.32%) Reinsurance
16 70 (1.18%) Pricing Data
17 60 (1.01%) Data Centre
17 60 (1.01%) Equity Derivative
18 56 (0.95%) SWIFT
Operating Systems
1 645 (10.90%) Linux
2 469 (7.92%) Windows
3 314 (5.30%) Unix
4 141 (2.38%) Windows Server
5 66 (1.12%) Android
5 66 (1.12%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 58 (0.98%) Apple iOS
7 36 (0.61%) Ubuntu
7 36 (0.61%) Windows Server 2016
8 35 (0.59%) Windows 10
9 34 (0.57%) Solaris
10 29 (0.49%) CentOS
11 18 (0.30%) Windows Server 2008
12 17 (0.29%) Windows 7
13 16 (0.27%) Windows Server 2012
14 9 (0.15%) Debian
14 9 (0.15%) Windows Server 2019
15 7 (0.12%) Kali Linux
16 5 (0.084%) Mac OS
17 4 (0.068%) VMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,845 (31.17%) Agile Software Development
2 1,221 (20.63%) Analytics
3 1,126 (19.02%) DevOps
4 1,093 (18.47%) Business Intelligence
5 922 (15.58%) Microservices
6 880 (14.87%) Software Engineering
7 768 (12.98%) ETL
8 629 (10.63%) TDD
9 622 (10.51%) Problem-Solving
10 619 (10.46%) Test Automation
11 591 (9.98%) Computer Science
12 565 (9.55%) Data Science
13 548 (9.26%) Continuous Integration
14 530 (8.95%) Fintech
15 523 (8.84%) Visualisation
16 473 (7.99%) Data Modelling
17 437 (7.38%) Machine Learning
18 428 (7.23%) MVC
19 427 (7.21%) OO
20 425 (7.18%) Scrum
Programming Languages
1 2,094 (35.38%) Python
2 1,443 (24.38%) C#
3 1,277 (21.57%) Java
4 1,262 (21.32%) JavaScript
5 513 (8.67%) T-SQL
6 392 (6.62%) PowerShell
7 366 (6.18%) TypeScript
8 302 (5.10%) R
9 275 (4.65%) C++
10 243 (4.11%) Scala
11 190 (3.21%) C
12 181 (3.06%) PL/SQL
13 164 (2.77%) PHP
14 152 (2.57%) Go
15 141 (2.38%) Bash Shell
16 140 (2.37%) Shell Script
17 137 (2.31%) Perl
18 120 (2.03%) Java 8
19 118 (1.99%) Kotlin
20 103 (1.74%) Ruby
Qualifications
1 912 (15.41%) Degree
2 311 (5.25%) Computer Science Degree
3 121 (2.04%) Security Cleared
4 73 (1.23%) Numerate Degree
5 70 (1.18%) SC Cleared
6 46 (0.78%) Microsoft Certification
7 41 (0.69%) PhD
8 40 (0.68%) Master's Degree
9 32 (0.54%) BPSS Clearance
10 25 (0.42%) Oracle Certification
11 19 (0.32%) DV Cleared
11 19 (0.32%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
12 17 (0.29%) MCSE
13 13 (0.22%) CISSP
14 12 (0.20%) CCNA
14 12 (0.20%) CISA
14 12 (0.20%) Cisco Certification
14 12 (0.20%) ITIL Certification
15 10 (0.17%) AWS Certification
15 10 (0.17%) ISTQB
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 358 (6.05%) QA
2 221 (3.73%) Data Quality
3 82 (1.39%) GDPR
4 29 (0.49%) SLA
5 22 (0.37%) NIST
6 20 (0.34%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 17 (0.29%) PSD2
8 15 (0.25%) GRC
9 10 (0.17%) PCI DSS
10 8 (0.14%) Basel II
10 8 (0.14%) CRD IV
11 7 (0.12%) COBIT
11 7 (0.12%) Sarbanes-Oxley
12 6 (0.10%) MiFID
13 5 (0.084%) EMIR
14 4 (0.068%) PMO
15 3 (0.051%) Cyber Essentials
15 3 (0.051%) IFRS
16 2 (0.034%) AIFMD
16 2 (0.034%) Solvency II
System Software
1 899 (15.19%) Docker
2 242 (4.09%) Active Directory
3 65 (1.10%) VMware Infrastructure
4 62 (1.05%) VirtualBox
5 41 (0.69%) Hyper-V
6 38 (0.64%) HDFS
7 12 (0.20%) Virtual Machines
7 12 (0.20%) XenApp
8 11 (0.19%) Oracle RAC
9 9 (0.15%) Virtual Desktop
9 9 (0.15%) VMware Server
9 9 (0.15%) vSphere
10 8 (0.14%) Apache ZooKeeper
11 7 (0.12%) Snort
12 6 (0.10%) Firmware
12 6 (0.10%) Forefront TMG
12 6 (0.10%) Squid
12 6 (0.10%) Terminal Services
12 6 (0.10%) Time Sharing Option
12 6 (0.10%) VMware ESXi
Systems Management
1 763 (12.89%) Kubernetes
2 384 (6.49%) Terraform
3 162 (2.74%) Ansible
4 97 (1.64%) Opscode Chef
5 81 (1.37%) Puppet
6 71 (1.20%) Docker Swarm
7 65 (1.10%) Prometheus
8 61 (1.03%) Grafana
9 54 (0.91%) SCCM
10 29 (0.49%) Microsoft Intune
11 23 (0.39%) Failover Clustering
12 20 (0.34%) SCOM
13 17 (0.29%) Nessus
14 16 (0.27%) Control-M
15 12 (0.20%) Packer
15 12 (0.20%) Single Sign-On
16 9 (0.15%) Consul
16 9 (0.15%) Nagios
16 9 (0.15%) Oracle RMAN
17 8 (0.14%) Kibana
Vendors
1 1,020 (17.23%) Microsoft
2 530 (8.95%) Oracle
3 482 (8.14%) Google
4 146 (2.47%) Databricks
5 130 (2.20%) Salesforce.com
6 117 (1.98%) VMware
7 113 (1.91%) Informatica
8 110 (1.86%) Talend
9 103 (1.74%) Sybase
10 97 (1.64%) IBM
11 95 (1.61%) Cloudera
12 92 (1.55%) SAP
13 88 (1.49%) Nintex
14 70 (1.18%) Red Hat
15 69 (1.17%) Hortonworks
16 67 (1.13%) Bloomberg
17 60 (1.01%) Alteryx
18 56 (0.95%) Cisco
19 51 (0.86%) Citrix
20 46 (0.78%) ServiceNow