Period
to 26 July 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Data Science skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Data Science over the 6 months to 26 July 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Data Science
England > London
6 months to
26 Jul 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 63 88 72
Rank change year-on-year +25 -16 +33
Permanent jobs citing Data Science 2,364 1,078 2,324
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in London 5.27% 3.67% 4.02%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 5.55% 3.92% 4.31%
Number of salaries quoted 1,329 831 1,900
10th Percentile £46,250 £45,000 £45,000
25th Percentile £55,000 £55,000 £56,250
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £75,000 £74,000 £72,500
Median % change year-on-year +1.35% +2.07% +3.57%
75th Percentile £90,000 £87,500 £90,000
90th Percentile £102,500 £104,000 £105,125
England median annual salary £67,500 £65,000 £65,000
% change year-on-year +3.85% - +3.17%

Data Science is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 42,599 27,521 53,947
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in London 94.98% 93.69% 93.30%
Number of salaries quoted 28,251 22,549 44,352
10th Percentile £42,500 £41,250 £36,250
25th Percentile £52,500 £51,250 £47,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £70,000 £68,000 £65,000
Median % change year-on-year +2.94% +4.62% +8.33%
75th Percentile £87,500 £85,000 £82,500
90th Percentile £105,000 £105,000 £97,500
England median annual salary £57,500 £55,000 £52,500
% change year-on-year +4.55% +4.76% +5.00%

Data Science
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Data Science as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Data Science in London

Data Science
Salary Trend in London

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Data Science in London.

Salary trend for Data Science in London

Data Science
Salary Histogram in London

Salary distribution for jobs citing Data Science in London over the 6 months to 26 July 2021.

Salary histogram for Data Science in London

Data Science
Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Data Science within the London region over the 6 months to 26 July 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London +28 310 £70,000 -6.67% 79
West London -12 38 £57,500 -11.54% 20
South London +7 21 £47,500 -38.71%
East London -3 8 £70,000 +40.00% 28
North London +13 1 £48,545 -6.34%
Data Science
England

For the 6 months to 26 July 2021, IT jobs citing Data Science also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the London region with a requirement for Data Science.

1 1,612 (68.19%) Python
2 1,032 (43.65%) Machine Learning
3 984 (41.62%) Analytics
4 947 (40.06%) AWS
5 938 (39.68%) SQL
6 845 (35.74%) Artificial Intelligence
7 680 (28.76%) Agile Software Development
8 575 (24.32%) Software Engineering
9 568 (24.03%) Finance
10 501 (21.19%) GCP
11 473 (20.01%) Docker
12 464 (19.63%) Kubernetes
13 462 (19.54%) Big Data
14 459 (19.42%) Azure
15 457 (19.33%) Social Skills
16 451 (19.08%) Data Engineering
17 435 (18.40%) Java
18 413 (17.47%) DevOps
19 406 (17.17%) Algorithms
20 386 (16.33%) Data Pipeline
21 382 (16.16%) React
22 371 (15.69%) JavaScript
23 370 (15.65%) Apache Spark
24 365 (15.44%) Visualisation
25 355 (15.02%) ETL
26 341 (14.42%) Degree
27 321 (13.58%) Business Intelligence
28 317 (13.41%) Analytical Skills
29 312 (13.20%) Terraform
30 299 (12.65%) R

Data Science
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 370 (15.65%) Apache Spark
2 192 (8.12%) Apache Airflow
3 134 (5.67%) Apache
4 116 (4.91%) Elasticsearch
5 80 (3.38%) SAS
6 34 (1.44%) Jupyter
7 28 (1.18%) Confluence
8 20 (0.85%) nginx
9 16 (0.68%) Gunicorn
9 16 (0.68%) Luigi
9 16 (0.68%) Tomcat
10 14 (0.59%) SharePoint
11 10 (0.42%) CMS
12 7 (0.30%) Tornado
13 5 (0.21%) Traefik
14 4 (0.17%) Apache Pig
14 4 (0.17%) Oracle Workflow
15 3 (0.13%) Mule
16 2 (0.085%) SharePoint 2010
16 2 (0.085%) SharePoint 2013
Applications
1 60 (2.54%) Microsoft Excel
2 23 (0.97%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 18 (0.76%) Microsoft Office
4 15 (0.63%) Stata
5 13 (0.55%) Chatbot
6 11 (0.47%) Photoshop
7 10 (0.42%) Sketch
8 9 (0.38%) SPSS
9 8 (0.34%) Spreadsheet
10 5 (0.21%) Adobe Illustrator
10 5 (0.21%) Fireworks
11 3 (0.13%) Figma
12 2 (0.085%) Gephi
12 2 (0.085%) InfoPath
12 2 (0.085%) InVision
12 2 (0.085%) Zeplin
13 1 (0.042%) CPLEX
13 1 (0.042%) EViews
13 1 (0.042%) Weka
Business Applications
1 11 (0.47%) Oracle ERP
2 7 (0.30%) Magento
3 6 (0.25%) Payment Gateway
3 6 (0.25%) SAP Oil and Gas
4 5 (0.21%) Summit
5 3 (0.13%) Oracle EBS
6 2 (0.085%) SAP MDG
7 1 (0.042%) Misys Midas
7 1 (0.042%) Oracle Financials
7 1 (0.042%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
7 1 (0.042%) SAP BPC
7 1 (0.042%) SAP ERP
7 1 (0.042%) SAP GRC
Cloud Services
1 947 (40.06%) AWS
2 501 (21.19%) GCP
3 459 (19.42%) Azure
4 262 (11.08%) Serverless
5 194 (8.21%) Power Platform
6 153 (6.47%) Snowflake
7 143 (6.05%) AWS Lambda
8 105 (4.44%) Amazon EC2
9 93 (3.93%) Amazon ECS
9 93 (3.93%) Amazon EMR
10 86 (3.64%) Amazon S3
11 80 (3.38%) GitHub
11 80 (3.38%) SaaS
12 71 (3.00%) IBM Cloud
13 69 (2.92%) Cloud Functions
14 60 (2.54%) Amazon SQS
15 52 (2.20%) AWS CloudFormation
16 47 (1.99%) PaaS
17 46 (1.95%) Cloud Computing
18 34 (1.44%) Amazon EKS
Communications & Networking
1 46 (1.95%) HTTP
2 34 (1.44%) Firewall
3 33 (1.40%) Internet
4 17 (0.72%) VPN
5 14 (0.59%) SSH
6 13 (0.55%) DNS
7 11 (0.47%) Broadband
8 10 (0.42%) FTP
9 8 (0.34%) IPsec
10 4 (0.17%) DSL
10 4 (0.17%) Intrusion Detection
10 4 (0.17%) MQTT
10 4 (0.17%) Network Security
10 4 (0.17%) TCP/IP
11 3 (0.13%) 5G
11 3 (0.13%) Reverse Proxy
12 2 (0.085%) Ethernet
12 2 (0.085%) LAN
12 2 (0.085%) MPLS
12 2 (0.085%) SSL
Database & Business Intelligence
1 462 (19.54%) Big Data
2 248 (10.49%) PostgreSQL
3 242 (10.24%) NoSQL
4 237 (10.03%) Data Warehouse
5 227 (9.60%) Hadoop
6 198 (8.38%) Tableau
7 193 (8.16%) Power BI
8 138 (5.84%) Amazon Redshift
9 133 (5.63%) Amazon Athena
10 125 (5.29%) Data Mining
11 118 (4.99%) Relational Database
12 111 (4.70%) BigQuery
13 101 (4.27%) Redis
14 99 (4.19%) Electronic Patient Records
15 96 (4.06%) Data Lake
16 88 (3.72%) Neo4j
17 84 (3.55%) MongoDB
18 82 (3.47%) Looker
19 72 (3.05%) Amazon DynamoDB
20 70 (2.96%) Metadata
Development Applications
1 219 (9.26%) Git (software)
2 206 (8.71%) Jenkins
3 83 (3.51%) Atlassian Bamboo
4 82 (3.47%) JIRA
5 81 (3.43%) Vagrant
6 38 (1.61%) webpack
7 23 (0.97%) Octopus Deploy
8 22 (0.93%) GitLab
9 21 (0.89%) gulp
10 20 (0.85%) Cypress.io
11 13 (0.55%) Selenium
12 12 (0.51%) MLflow
13 10 (0.42%) Babel
14 9 (0.38%) git-flow
15 7 (0.30%) CircleCI
15 7 (0.30%) Hudson
15 7 (0.30%) Team Foundation Server
15 7 (0.30%) TeamCity
16 6 (0.25%) Cucumber
17 5 (0.21%) Mocha
General
1 568 (24.03%) Finance
2 457 (19.33%) Social Skills
3 317 (13.41%) Analytical Skills
4 198 (8.38%) Banking
5 180 (7.61%) Marketing
6 152 (6.43%) Retail
7 110 (4.65%) Games
8 91 (3.85%) Law
9 87 (3.68%) Telecoms
10 66 (2.79%) Pharmaceutical
11 59 (2.50%) Manufacturing
12 58 (2.45%) Legal
12 58 (2.45%) Presentation Skills
13 48 (2.03%) Public Sector
14 43 (1.82%) Front Office
15 36 (1.52%) Advertising
16 31 (1.31%) Organisational Skills
17 26 (1.10%) Publishing
18 22 (0.93%) Electronics
18 22 (0.93%) Financial Institution
Job Titles
1 409 (17.30%) Data Engineer
2 397 (16.79%) Data Scientist
3 367 (15.52%) Developer
4 231 (9.77%) Software Engineer
5 130 (5.50%) Architect
6 125 (5.29%) AWS Engineer
7 112 (4.74%) Analyst
8 110 (4.65%) Python Engineer
8 110 (4.65%) Senior Data Scientist
9 94 (3.98%) Python Developer
10 92 (3.89%) DevOps Engineer
11 84 (3.55%) Data Architect
12 80 (3.38%) Full Stack Developer
13 78 (3.30%) Machine Learning Engineer
14 74 (3.13%) Senior Data Engineer
15 69 (2.92%) Senior Developer
16 65 (2.75%) Data Analyst
17 60 (2.54%) Senior Software Engineer
18 58 (2.45%) Consultant
19 55 (2.33%) Product Manager
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 382 (16.16%) React
2 278 (11.76%) Node.js
3 222 (9.39%) REST
4 208 (8.80%) Kafka
5 159 (6.73%) TensorFlow
6 151 (6.39%) AngularJS
7 146 (6.18%) scikit-learn
8 136 (5.75%) Django
9 133 (5.63%) Pandas
10 132 (5.58%) NumPy
11 119 (5.03%) Redux
12 114 (4.82%) Vue.js
13 113 (4.78%) GraphQL
14 108 (4.57%) Web Services
15 106 (4.48%) CSS
16 104 (4.40%) HTML
17 90 (3.81%) PyTorch
18 86 (3.64%) gRPC
19 83 (3.51%) RESTful
20 81 (3.43%) Keras
Miscellaneous
1 406 (17.17%) Algorithms
2 225 (9.52%) User Experience
3 136 (5.75%) Data Structures
4 112 (4.74%) Hedge funds
5 56 (2.37%) Self-Motivation
6 51 (2.16%) Greenfield Project
7 48 (2.03%) Pricing Data
8 45 (1.90%) Linux Command Line
9 41 (1.73%) Management Information System
10 40 (1.69%) Mobile App
11 37 (1.57%) Social Media
12 36 (1.52%) Cloud Native
13 32 (1.35%) Blog
13 32 (1.35%) Life Science
14 31 (1.31%) CUDA
14 31 (1.31%) Public Cloud
15 24 (1.02%) Fixed Income
16 22 (0.93%) Clustering
17 20 (0.85%) Industry 4.0
17 20 (0.85%) Robotics
Operating Systems
1 183 (7.74%) Linux
2 58 (2.45%) Unix
3 21 (0.89%) Apple iOS
4 17 (0.72%) Windows
5 15 (0.63%) Android
6 5 (0.21%) CentOS
6 5 (0.21%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 3 (0.13%) Ubuntu
7 3 (0.13%) watchOS
8 2 (0.085%) Debian
8 2 (0.085%) Windows Server
9 1 (0.042%) Mac OS
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,032 (43.65%) Machine Learning
2 984 (41.62%) Analytics
3 845 (35.74%) Artificial Intelligence
4 680 (28.76%) Agile Software Development
5 575 (24.32%) Software Engineering
6 451 (19.08%) Data Engineering
7 413 (17.47%) DevOps
8 386 (16.33%) Data Pipeline
9 365 (15.44%) Visualisation
10 355 (15.02%) ETL
11 321 (13.58%) Business Intelligence
12 293 (12.39%) Microservices
13 281 (11.89%) Computer Science
14 256 (10.83%) Problem-Solving
15 247 (10.45%) Mathematics
16 246 (10.41%) Data Modelling
17 227 (9.60%) Data Visualisation
18 222 (9.39%) Statistics
19 211 (8.93%) Test Automation
20 201 (8.50%) Continuous Integration
Programming Languages
1 1,612 (68.19%) Python
2 938 (39.68%) SQL
3 435 (18.40%) Java
4 371 (15.69%) JavaScript
5 299 (12.65%) R
6 231 (9.77%) TypeScript
7 163 (6.90%) Scala
8 139 (5.88%) C++
9 116 (4.91%) Go
10 101 (4.27%) Bash Shell
11 91 (3.85%) C
12 84 (3.55%) C#
13 43 (1.82%) PowerShell
14 42 (1.78%) Kotlin
14 42 (1.78%) MATLAB
15 37 (1.57%) ES6
16 30 (1.27%) Cython
17 29 (1.23%) Ruby
18 28 (1.18%) Shell Script
19 20 (0.85%) VBA
Qualifications
1 341 (14.42%) Degree
2 162 (6.85%) PhD
3 87 (3.68%) Computer Science Degree
4 57 (2.41%) Security Cleared
5 45 (1.90%) Master's Degree
6 36 (1.52%) Numerate Degree
7 21 (0.89%) SC Cleared
8 11 (0.47%) DV Cleared
8 11 (0.47%) Oracle Certification
9 8 (0.34%) Postgraduate
10 7 (0.30%) AWS Certification
11 4 (0.17%) Tableau Certification
12 3 (0.13%) MBA
12 3 (0.13%) PMI Certification
13 2 (0.085%) CCNA
13 2 (0.085%) Cisco Certification
13 2 (0.085%) CISSP
13 2 (0.085%) Microsoft Certification
13 2 (0.085%) PMP
13 2 (0.085%) SSCP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 117 (4.95%) QA
2 103 (4.36%) Data Quality
3 102 (4.31%) GDPR
4 28 (1.18%) Accessibility
5 17 (0.72%) GRC
6 16 (0.68%) Actionable Recommendations
7 11 (0.47%) SLA
8 9 (0.38%) ISO/IEC 27001
9 7 (0.30%) HIPAA
10 5 (0.21%) WAI
11 3 (0.13%) Good Clinical Practice
12 2 (0.085%) NIST
13 1 (0.042%) Cyber Essentials
13 1 (0.042%) HMG Security Policy Framework
13 1 (0.042%) IFRS
13 1 (0.042%) IFRS 9
System Software
1 473 (20.01%) Docker
2 74 (3.13%) VirtualBox
3 14 (0.59%) Apache ZooKeeper
4 11 (0.47%) etcd
5 7 (0.30%) VMware Infrastructure
6 5 (0.21%) Virtual Machines
7 4 (0.17%) Active Directory
8 3 (0.13%) Virtual Servers
9 2 (0.085%) Apache Flume
9 2 (0.085%) HDFS
Systems Management
1 464 (19.63%) Kubernetes
2 312 (13.20%) Terraform
3 187 (7.91%) Ansible
4 81 (3.43%) Docker Swarm
5 71 (3.00%) Prometheus
5 71 (3.00%) Puppet
6 66 (2.79%) Grafana
7 58 (2.45%) Opscode Chef
8 23 (0.97%) Consul
9 21 (0.89%) Kubeflow
10 10 (0.42%) Failover Clustering
10 10 (0.42%) Istio
10 10 (0.42%) ZABBIX
11 7 (0.30%) Kibana
11 7 (0.30%) Packer
11 7 (0.30%) Salt
12 6 (0.25%) Graphite
12 6 (0.25%) Nagios
12 6 (0.25%) Oozie
12 6 (0.25%) Opsview
Vendors
1 279 (11.80%) Google
2 110 (4.65%) Microsoft
3 92 (3.89%) Cloudera
4 90 (3.81%) Talend
5 83 (3.51%) IBM
6 80 (3.38%) Databricks
7 76 (3.21%) Hortonworks
8 72 (3.05%) Informatica
9 51 (2.16%) Oracle
10 41 (1.73%) Alteryx
11 40 (1.69%) Yahoo!
12 29 (1.23%) SAP
13 24 (1.02%) Facebook
14 21 (0.89%) YouTube
15 20 (0.85%) Instagram
15 20 (0.85%) Samsung
16 16 (0.68%) Salesforce.com
17 14 (0.59%) MicroStrategy
18 13 (0.55%) Hyperion
18 13 (0.55%) Sybase