Period
to 12 April 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Data Science skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Data Science over the 6 months to 12 April 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Data Science
England > London
6 months to
12 Apr 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 63 79 90
Rank change year-on-year +16 +11 +12
Permanent jobs citing Data Science 1,367 1,810 2,176
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in London 4.46% 3.87% 3.56%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 4.76% 4.12% 3.84%
Number of salaries quoted 1,020 1,405 1,838
10th Percentile £43,750 £43,997 £45,000
25th Percentile £52,500 £55,000 £57,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £70,000 £75,000 £72,500
Median % change year-on-year -6.67% +3.45% +3.57%
75th Percentile £87,500 £90,000 £92,500
90th Percentile £102,500 £110,000 £110,000
England median annual salary £65,000 £65,000 £65,000

Data Science is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 28,728 43,897 56,649
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in London 93.67% 93.74% 92.77%
Number of salaries quoted 22,945 35,629 46,415
10th Percentile £42,500 £37,500 £36,250
25th Percentile £52,500 £50,000 £47,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £70,000 £65,000 £62,500
Median % change year-on-year +7.69% +4.00% +4.17%
75th Percentile £87,500 £85,000 £81,250
90th Percentile £105,000 £101,250 £96,250
England median annual salary £55,000 £55,000 £52,500
% change year-on-year - +4.76% +5.00%

Data Science
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Data Science as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Data Science in London

Data Science
Salary Trend in London

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Data Science in London.

Salary trend for Data Science in London

Data Science
Salary Histogram in London

Salary distribution for jobs citing Data Science in London over the 6 months to 12 April 2021.

Salary histogram for Data Science in London

Data Science
Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Data Science within the London region over the 6 months to 12 April 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London +13 236 £70,000 -9.68% 58
South London +19 15 £72,750 -3.00% 2
East London +5 7 £47,500 -28.30% 9
West London +32 6 £83,500 +28.46% 30
North London +34 5 £60,000 - 1
Data Science
England

For the 6 months to 12 April 2021, IT jobs citing Data Science also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the London region with a requirement for Data Science.

1 948 (69.35%) Python
2 659 (48.21%) Machine Learning
3 571 (41.77%) Analytics
4 535 (39.14%) SQL
5 467 (34.16%) AWS
6 397 (29.04%) Artificial Intelligence
7 347 (25.38%) Agile Software Development
8 311 (22.75%) Big Data
9 267 (19.53%) GCP
10 244 (17.85%) Docker
10 244 (17.85%) Finance
11 243 (17.78%) ETL
11 243 (17.78%) DevOps
12 242 (17.70%) R
13 238 (17.41%) Azure
14 236 (17.26%) Software Engineering
15 231 (16.90%) Kubernetes
16 229 (16.75%) Data Engineering
17 224 (16.39%) Degree
17 224 (16.39%) Java
18 210 (15.36%) Apache Spark
19 207 (15.14%) Algorithms
20 198 (14.48%) Business Intelligence
21 193 (14.12%) Visualisation
22 182 (13.31%) Analytical Skills
23 180 (13.17%) Computer Science
24 177 (12.95%) Mathematics
25 174 (12.73%) Google
26 173 (12.66%) Terraform
27 164 (12.00%) Hadoop

Data Science
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 210 (15.36%) Apache Spark
2 90 (6.58%) Apache Airflow
3 76 (5.56%) SAS
4 58 (4.24%) Elasticsearch
5 46 (3.37%) Apache
6 18 (1.32%) Confluence
6 18 (1.32%) Jupyter
7 9 (0.66%) Apache Pig
8 7 (0.51%) nginx
8 7 (0.51%) Tornado
9 6 (0.44%) SharePoint
10 5 (0.37%) Luigi
10 5 (0.37%) Tomcat
11 4 (0.29%) ArcGIS
12 3 (0.22%) Gunicorn
12 3 (0.22%) OpenStack
13 2 (0.15%) WordPress
14 1 (0.073%) IBM Domino
14 1 (0.073%) MTS
Applications
1 29 (2.12%) Microsoft Excel
2 23 (1.68%) SPSS
3 9 (0.66%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 5 (0.37%) Stata
5 4 (0.29%) Chatbot
6 3 (0.22%) Microsoft Office
6 3 (0.22%) Sketch
6 3 (0.22%) Zeplin
7 2 (0.15%) Gephi
7 2 (0.15%) InVision
7 2 (0.15%) SPSS Modeler
Business Applications
1 4 (0.29%) Magento
1 4 (0.29%) Oracle EBS
2 3 (0.22%) Payment Gateway
3 1 (0.073%) Misys Midas
3 1 (0.073%) Oracle ERP
3 1 (0.073%) SAP ERP
Cloud Services
1 467 (34.16%) AWS
2 267 (19.53%) GCP
3 238 (17.41%) Azure
4 94 (6.88%) Power Platform
5 78 (5.71%) Serverless
6 51 (3.73%) GitHub
7 49 (3.58%) Amazon EMR
8 42 (3.07%) Amazon S3
8 42 (3.07%) AWS Lambda
9 41 (3.00%) Amazon EC2
10 38 (2.78%) IBM Cloud
11 35 (2.56%) SaaS
12 34 (2.49%) Amazon EKS
13 31 (2.27%) Amazon ECS
14 26 (1.90%) Cloud Functions
15 25 (1.83%) PaaS
16 24 (1.76%) AWS CloudFormation
17 22 (1.61%) Amazon SageMaker
18 21 (1.54%) Amazon SQS
19 16 (1.17%) Google Compute Engine
Communications & Networking
1 42 (3.07%) Firewall
2 29 (2.12%) Internet
3 10 (0.73%) HTTP
3 10 (0.73%) SSH
4 7 (0.51%) DNS
5 6 (0.44%) VPN
6 4 (0.29%) LAN
6 4 (0.29%) Network Security
7 3 (0.22%) 802.11
7 3 (0.22%) DMZ
7 3 (0.22%) Fibre Channel
7 3 (0.22%) FTP
7 3 (0.22%) Intrusion Detection
7 3 (0.22%) Reverse Proxy
7 3 (0.22%) SAN
7 3 (0.22%) SNMP
7 3 (0.22%) TCP/IP
7 3 (0.22%) WAN
8 2 (0.15%) MPLS
8 2 (0.15%) Software-Defined Networking
Database & Business Intelligence
1 311 (22.75%) Big Data
2 164 (12.00%) Hadoop
3 135 (9.88%) Data Warehouse
4 134 (9.80%) Tableau
5 115 (8.41%) NoSQL
6 103 (7.53%) PostgreSQL
7 102 (7.46%) Data Mining
8 92 (6.73%) Amazon Redshift
9 90 (6.58%) Power BI
10 65 (4.75%) Data Lake
10 65 (4.75%) SQL Server
11 64 (4.68%) Looker
12 61 (4.46%) BigQuery
13 57 (4.17%) Relational Database
14 54 (3.95%) MongoDB
15 53 (3.88%) Snowflake Schema
16 50 (3.66%) Amazon Athena
17 47 (3.44%) Neo4j
17 47 (3.44%) Redis
18 43 (3.15%) Electronic Patient Records
Development Applications
1 127 (9.29%) Jenkins
2 105 (7.68%) Git (software)
3 65 (4.75%) JIRA
4 49 (3.58%) Atlassian Bamboo
5 42 (3.07%) Vagrant
6 16 (1.17%) Cypress.io
7 13 (0.95%) Selenium
8 12 (0.88%) GitLab
9 10 (0.73%) Appium
9 10 (0.73%) Cucumber
10 9 (0.66%) Maven
11 7 (0.51%) Bitbucket
11 7 (0.51%) MLflow
11 7 (0.51%) Protractor
12 6 (0.44%) webpack
13 4 (0.29%) Octopus Deploy
13 4 (0.29%) RSpec
13 4 (0.29%) Visual Studio
14 3 (0.22%) gulp
14 3 (0.22%) SQL Server Management Studio (SSMS)
General
1 244 (17.85%) Finance
2 127 (9.29%) Marketing
3 103 (7.53%) Banking
4 52 (3.80%) Telecoms
5 51 (3.73%) Retail
6 45 (3.29%) Games
7 35 (2.56%) Law
8 25 (1.83%) Front Office
9 24 (1.76%) Public Sector
10 23 (1.68%) Advertising
11 22 (1.61%) Manufacturing
12 19 (1.39%) Legal
13 16 (1.17%) Financial Institution
13 16 (1.17%) Pharmaceutical
14 13 (0.95%) Electronics
15 9 (0.66%) Brand Awareness
16 8 (0.59%) Publishing
17 6 (0.44%) Investment Banking
18 4 (0.29%) Back Office
19 3 (0.22%) Automotive
Job Titles
1 324 (23.70%) Data Scientist
2 270 (19.75%) Data Engineer
3 129 (9.44%) Developer
4 91 (6.66%) Senior Data Scientist
5 76 (5.56%) Architect
6 73 (5.34%) Python Engineer
7 70 (5.12%) Software Engineer
8 67 (4.90%) DevOps Engineer
9 66 (4.83%) Analyst
10 65 (4.75%) Machine Learning Engineer
11 59 (4.32%) Data Architect
12 53 (3.88%) Senior Data Engineer
13 52 (3.80%) AWS Engineer
14 37 (2.71%) Python Developer
15 34 (2.49%) Consultant
15 34 (2.49%) Junior
16 32 (2.34%) Azure Engineer
17 31 (2.27%) Product Manager
17 31 (2.27%) Senior Developer
18 30 (2.19%) Machine Learning Scientist
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 115 (8.41%) Natural Language Processing
2 91 (6.66%) Node.js
3 84 (6.14%) React
4 83 (6.07%) TensorFlow
5 77 (5.63%) Kafka
6 72 (5.27%) NumPy
7 71 (5.19%) scikit-learn
8 66 (4.83%) REST
9 53 (3.88%) Pandas
10 45 (3.29%) PyTorch
11 43 (3.15%) Django
12 42 (3.07%) AngularJS
12 42 (3.07%) CSS
13 41 (3.00%) Spark Streaming
14 37 (2.71%) Keras
15 36 (2.63%) PySpark
16 35 (2.56%) SciPy
17 32 (2.34%) Velocity
18 31 (2.27%) .NET
19 29 (2.12%) RabbitMQ
Miscellaneous
1 207 (15.14%) Algorithms
2 182 (13.31%) Analytical Skills
3 69 (5.05%) Data Structures
4 54 (3.95%) User Experience
5 37 (2.71%) Cloud Native
5 37 (2.71%) Linux Command Line
6 31 (2.27%) Mobile App
7 28 (2.05%) Greenfield Project
7 28 (2.05%) Hedge funds
8 20 (1.46%) Public Cloud
9 17 (1.24%) Self-Motivation
10 16 (1.17%) FMCG
11 15 (1.10%) Management Information System
12 12 (0.88%) Data Centre
12 12 (0.88%) Social Media
13 11 (0.80%) Clustering
13 11 (0.80%) Life Science
13 11 (0.80%) NHS
14 10 (0.73%) Equities
14 10 (0.73%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
Operating Systems
1 131 (9.58%) Linux
2 12 (0.88%) CentOS
3 11 (0.80%) Unix
4 9 (0.66%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 6 (0.44%) Android
6 5 (0.37%) Apple iOS
7 4 (0.29%) Windows
8 3 (0.22%) Oracle Linux
8 3 (0.22%) Ubuntu
9 2 (0.15%) Debian
Processes & Methodologies
1 659 (48.21%) Machine Learning
2 571 (41.77%) Analytics
3 397 (29.04%) Artificial Intelligence
4 347 (25.38%) Agile Software Development
5 243 (17.78%) DevOps
5 243 (17.78%) ETL
6 236 (17.26%) Software Engineering
7 229 (16.75%) Data Engineering
8 198 (14.48%) Business Intelligence
9 193 (14.12%) Visualisation
10 180 (13.17%) Computer Science
11 177 (12.95%) Mathematics
12 162 (11.85%) Data Analytics
13 151 (11.05%) Statistics
14 127 (9.29%) Data Modelling
15 122 (8.92%) Continuous Integration
16 119 (8.71%) Problem-Solving
17 115 (8.41%) Data Analysis
18 111 (8.12%) Data Visualisation
19 110 (8.05%) Deep Learning
Programming Languages
1 948 (69.35%) Python
2 535 (39.14%) SQL
3 242 (17.70%) R
4 224 (16.39%) Java
5 144 (10.53%) JavaScript
6 100 (7.32%) C
7 81 (5.93%) Go
7 81 (5.93%) Scala
8 79 (5.78%) C++
9 65 (4.75%) C#
10 64 (4.68%) Bash Shell
11 58 (4.24%) TypeScript
12 17 (1.24%) Cython
13 12 (0.88%) Perl
14 10 (0.73%) PHP
14 10 (0.73%) T-SQL
15 9 (0.66%) Java 8
15 9 (0.66%) Ruby
16 8 (0.59%) F#
16 8 (0.59%) XPath
Qualifications
1 224 (16.39%) Degree
2 117 (8.56%) PhD
3 42 (3.07%) Computer Science Degree
4 30 (2.19%) Master's Degree
5 29 (2.12%) Security Cleared
6 26 (1.90%) Numerate Degree
7 15 (1.10%) DV Cleared
7 15 (1.10%) SC Cleared
8 9 (0.66%) MPhil
9 7 (0.51%) AWS Certification
10 6 (0.44%) Postgraduate
11 3 (0.22%) CISSP
11 3 (0.22%) CompTIA Security+
11 3 (0.22%) SSCP
12 2 (0.15%) CCNA
12 2 (0.15%) Cisco Certification
12 2 (0.15%) MCSE
12 2 (0.15%) Microsoft Certification
12 2 (0.15%) PMI Certification
12 2 (0.15%) SANS
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 42 (3.07%) QA
2 35 (2.56%) GDPR
3 32 (2.34%) Data Quality
4 10 (0.73%) Actionable Recommendations
5 5 (0.37%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 3 (0.22%) GRC
6 3 (0.22%) PMO
6 3 (0.22%) SLA
7 2 (0.15%) Dodd-Frank
7 2 (0.15%) EMIR
7 2 (0.15%) HIPAA
7 2 (0.15%) MiFID
8 1 (0.073%) Sarbanes-Oxley
System Software
1 244 (17.85%) Docker
2 39 (2.85%) VirtualBox
3 5 (0.37%) Active Directory
3 5 (0.37%) VMware Infrastructure
4 2 (0.15%) Apache Flume
Systems Management
1 231 (16.90%) Kubernetes
2 173 (12.66%) Terraform
3 108 (7.90%) Ansible
4 43 (3.15%) Puppet
5 41 (3.00%) Docker Swarm
6 34 (2.49%) Grafana
7 33 (2.41%) Prometheus
8 18 (1.32%) Opscode Chef
9 6 (0.44%) Kubeflow
10 5 (0.37%) Nagios
10 5 (0.37%) systemd
11 4 (0.29%) Kibana
11 4 (0.29%) Marathon
11 4 (0.29%) Mesos
11 4 (0.29%) Oozie
12 2 (0.15%) Consul
12 2 (0.15%) Graphite
12 2 (0.15%) Opsview
12 2 (0.15%) Packer
12 2 (0.15%) Salt
Vendors
1 174 (12.73%) Google
2 63 (4.61%) Cloudera
3 58 (4.24%) Databricks
3 58 (4.24%) Talend
4 48 (3.51%) Microsoft
5 41 (3.00%) Hortonworks
5 41 (3.00%) Informatica
6 39 (2.85%) IBM
7 37 (2.71%) Oracle
8 29 (2.12%) Alteryx
9 20 (1.46%) Yahoo!
10 19 (1.39%) SAP
11 14 (1.02%) Twitter
12 12 (0.88%) Red Hat
13 11 (0.80%) Dataiku
14 9 (0.66%) App Annie
14 9 (0.66%) Salesforce.com
15 8 (0.59%) Facebook
16 7 (0.51%) VMware
17 6 (0.44%) Hyperion