Period
to 18 October 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Data Science skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Data Science over the 6 months to 18 October 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Data Science
England > London
6 months to
18 Oct 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 62 95 71
Rank change year-on-year +33 -24 +46
Permanent jobs citing Data Science 2,792 667 2,287
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in London 5.55% 3.45% 4.18%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 5.81% 3.67% 4.47%
Number of salaries quoted 1,502 579 1,779
10th Percentile £46,250 £45,000 £45,000
25th Percentile £57,500 £54,690 £55,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £75,000 £70,000 £70,000
Median % change year-on-year +7.14% - -
75th Percentile £95,000 £85,000 £87,500
90th Percentile £110,000 £100,000 £102,500
England median annual salary £70,000 £65,000 £65,000
% change year-on-year +7.69% - -

Data Science is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 48,088 18,172 51,185
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in London 95.55% 93.86% 93.58%
Number of salaries quoted 31,345 15,366 41,655
10th Percentile £42,500 £42,500 £36,250
25th Percentile £52,500 £52,500 £47,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £70,000 £70,000 £65,000
Median % change year-on-year - +7.69% +4.00%
75th Percentile £89,250 £86,250 £82,500
90th Percentile £106,250 £107,500 £100,000
England median annual salary £57,500 £55,000 £52,500
% change year-on-year +4.55% +4.76% -

Data Science
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Data Science as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Data Science in London

Data Science
Salary Trend in London

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Data Science in London.

Salary trend for Data Science in London

Data Science
Salary Histogram in London

Salary distribution for jobs citing Data Science in London over the 6 months to 18 October 2021.

Salary histogram for Data Science in London

Data Science
Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Data Science within the London region over the 6 months to 18 October 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London +28 376 £73,750 +1.72% 89
West London -32 64 £57,500 -20.69% 16
East London -21 17 £90,000 +89.47% 23
South London -15 14 £47,500 -36.24% 3
North London -18 2 £50,522 -22.27% 6
Data Science
England

For the 6 months to 18 October 2021, IT jobs citing Data Science also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the London region with a requirement for Data Science.

1 1,925 (68.95%) Python
2 1,221 (43.73%) Machine Learning
3 1,181 (42.30%) AWS
4 1,151 (41.22%) SQL
5 1,111 (39.79%) Analytics
6 974 (34.89%) Artificial Intelligence
7 903 (32.34%) Agile Software Development
8 784 (28.08%) Finance
9 724 (25.93%) Software Engineering
10 669 (23.96%) GCP
11 601 (21.53%) Social Skills
12 576 (20.63%) Azure
13 526 (18.84%) Java
14 518 (18.55%) Big Data
15 513 (18.37%) Data Engineering
16 488 (17.48%) DevOps
17 481 (17.23%) Docker
18 462 (16.55%) Kubernetes
19 451 (16.15%) Degree
20 446 (15.97%) Algorithms
21 445 (15.94%) React
21 445 (15.94%) Visualisation
22 425 (15.22%) Apache Spark
23 420 (15.04%) Microservices
23 420 (15.04%) JavaScript
24 419 (15.01%) Business Intelligence
25 397 (14.22%) Data Pipeline
26 390 (13.97%) Analytical Skills
27 372 (13.32%) Google
28 371 (13.29%) Serverless

Data Science
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 425 (15.22%) Apache Spark
2 185 (6.63%) Apache Airflow
3 139 (4.98%) Elasticsearch
4 135 (4.84%) Apache
5 56 (2.01%) Jupyter
6 55 (1.97%) Confluence
7 54 (1.93%) SAS
8 20 (0.72%) CMS
9 19 (0.68%) Luigi
9 19 (0.68%) nginx
10 18 (0.64%) SharePoint
11 13 (0.47%) Gunicorn
12 12 (0.43%) Tomcat
12 12 (0.43%) Tornado
13 7 (0.25%) Headless CMS
14 6 (0.21%) Mule
15 5 (0.18%) Traefik
16 4 (0.14%) Apache Pig
16 4 (0.14%) SharePoint 2010
16 4 (0.14%) SharePoint 2013
Applications
1 61 (2.18%) Microsoft Excel
2 28 (1.00%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 24 (0.86%) Microsoft Office
4 13 (0.47%) Chatbot
5 11 (0.39%) Photoshop
5 11 (0.39%) Sketch
6 10 (0.36%) Spreadsheet
6 10 (0.36%) Stata
7 7 (0.25%) Figma
8 5 (0.18%) Adobe Illustrator
8 5 (0.18%) Fireworks
9 4 (0.14%) InfoPath
10 3 (0.11%) SPSS
11 1 (0.036%) CPLEX
11 1 (0.036%) EViews
11 1 (0.036%) InVision
11 1 (0.036%) MS Visio
11 1 (0.036%) OmniGraffle
11 1 (0.036%) Weka
Business Applications
1 13 (0.47%) IBM Planning Analytics
2 9 (0.32%) Oracle ERP
3 6 (0.21%) SAP Oil and Gas
4 5 (0.18%) Summit
5 4 (0.14%) Oracle Clinical
6 3 (0.11%) Payment Gateway
6 3 (0.11%) SAP MDG
7 2 (0.072%) Adobe Campaign
7 2 (0.072%) Magento
7 2 (0.072%) Oracle EBS
8 1 (0.036%) Dynamics CRM
8 1 (0.036%) Oracle Financials
8 1 (0.036%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
8 1 (0.036%) SAP BPC
8 1 (0.036%) SAP GRC
8 1 (0.036%) SAP S/4HANA
Cloud Services
1 1,181 (42.30%) AWS
2 669 (23.96%) GCP
3 576 (20.63%) Azure
4 371 (13.29%) Serverless
5 246 (8.81%) Power Platform
6 226 (8.09%) AWS Lambda
7 172 (6.16%) Amazon EC2
8 155 (5.55%) Amazon ECS
9 144 (5.16%) Snowflake
10 103 (3.69%) Amazon S3
11 101 (3.62%) GitHub
12 86 (3.08%) SaaS
13 79 (2.83%) Amazon SQS
14 75 (2.69%) Amazon EMR
15 71 (2.54%) Amazon Kinesis
16 68 (2.44%) AWS CloudFormation
16 68 (2.44%) Cloud Computing
17 47 (1.68%) Cloud Functions
18 45 (1.61%) PaaS
19 40 (1.43%) Amazon SageMaker
Communications & Networking
1 51 (1.83%) HTTP
2 45 (1.61%) Internet
3 37 (1.33%) Broadband
4 21 (0.75%) Firewall
4 21 (0.75%) VPN
5 16 (0.57%) MQTT
6 11 (0.39%) SSH
7 10 (0.36%) FTP
7 10 (0.36%) TCP/IP
8 9 (0.32%) DNS
9 8 (0.29%) IPsec
10 7 (0.25%) Wireless
11 4 (0.14%) DSL
12 3 (0.11%) Reverse Proxy
13 2 (0.072%) 5G
14 1 (0.036%) HTTPS
14 1 (0.036%) Intrusion Detection
14 1 (0.036%) Kerberos
14 1 (0.036%) Network Security
14 1 (0.036%) RIP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 518 (18.55%) Big Data
2 301 (10.78%) PostgreSQL
3 288 (10.32%) Data Warehouse
4 270 (9.67%) NoSQL
5 247 (8.85%) Hadoop
5 247 (8.85%) Tableau
6 245 (8.78%) Power BI
7 166 (5.95%) Amazon Athena
8 153 (5.48%) Relational Database
9 135 (4.84%) Data Lake
10 131 (4.69%) Amazon Redshift
10 131 (4.69%) BigQuery
11 130 (4.66%) MySQL
12 125 (4.48%) Amazon Aurora
13 121 (4.33%) Looker
14 102 (3.65%) Amazon DynamoDB
15 96 (3.44%) MongoDB
16 95 (3.40%) Data Mining
17 92 (3.30%) Redis
18 88 (3.15%) SQL Server
Development Applications
1 292 (10.46%) Git (software)
2 167 (5.98%) Jenkins
3 119 (4.26%) JIRA
4 53 (1.90%) Atlassian Bamboo
5 44 (1.58%) GitLab
6 40 (1.43%) Octopus Deploy
6 40 (1.43%) webpack
7 38 (1.36%) Cypress.io
8 37 (1.33%) Vagrant
9 25 (0.90%) CircleCI
9 25 (0.90%) gulp
10 24 (0.86%) Selenium
11 19 (0.68%) Team Foundation Server
12 17 (0.61%) Bitbucket
12 17 (0.61%) NUnit
12 17 (0.61%) TeamCity
13 16 (0.57%) JMeter
13 16 (0.57%) Log4Net
13 16 (0.57%) Mocha
13 16 (0.57%) SoapUI
General
1 784 (28.08%) Finance
2 601 (21.53%) Social Skills
3 390 (13.97%) Analytical Skills
4 276 (9.89%) Banking
5 222 (7.95%) Marketing
6 204 (7.31%) Retail
7 138 (4.94%) Games
8 105 (3.76%) Law
9 104 (3.72%) Presentation Skills
10 89 (3.19%) Pharmaceutical
11 77 (2.76%) Telecoms
12 71 (2.54%) Public Sector
13 67 (2.40%) Legal
14 57 (2.04%) Manufacturing
15 52 (1.86%) Publishing
16 42 (1.50%) Front Office
16 42 (1.50%) Inclusion and Diversity
17 41 (1.47%) Advertising
18 37 (1.33%) Automotive
19 32 (1.15%) Financial Institution
Job Titles
1 529 (18.95%) Developer
2 431 (15.44%) Data Scientist
3 423 (15.15%) Data Engineer
4 321 (11.50%) Software Engineer
5 186 (6.66%) AWS Engineer
5 186 (6.66%) Python Developer
6 155 (5.55%) Python Engineer
7 152 (5.44%) Architect
8 130 (4.66%) Senior Data Scientist
9 126 (4.51%) Analyst
10 124 (4.44%) AWS Software Engineer
10 124 (4.44%) Machine Learning Engineer
11 110 (3.94%) Full Stack Developer
12 94 (3.37%) Data Architect
13 86 (3.08%) AWS Developer
14 85 (3.04%) Java Engineer
15 83 (2.97%) Developer/Software Engineer
16 79 (2.83%) Senior Data Engineer
17 78 (2.79%) DevOps Engineer
18 76 (2.72%) Senior Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 445 (15.94%) React
2 340 (12.18%) Node.js
3 312 (11.17%) Kafka
4 251 (8.99%) REST
5 218 (7.81%) Web Services
6 202 (7.23%) TensorFlow
7 186 (6.66%) Pandas
8 167 (5.98%) Django
9 164 (5.87%) gRPC
10 160 (5.73%) HTML
11 156 (5.59%) AngularJS
11 156 (5.59%) scikit-learn
12 150 (5.37%) GraphQL
13 149 (5.34%) Redux
14 147 (5.27%) CSS
15 136 (4.87%) NumPy
16 128 (4.58%) PyTorch
17 117 (4.19%) Flask
18 96 (3.44%) Vue.js
19 94 (3.37%) Keras
Miscellaneous
1 446 (15.97%) Algorithms
2 280 (10.03%) User Experience
3 167 (5.98%) Hedge funds
4 137 (4.91%) Data Structures
5 120 (4.30%) Pricing Data
6 80 (2.87%) Self-Motivation
7 71 (2.54%) Greenfield Project
8 68 (2.44%) Social Media
9 67 (2.40%) Life Science
10 46 (1.65%) Management Information System
11 45 (1.61%) CUDA
11 45 (1.61%) Public Cloud
12 44 (1.58%) Mobile App
13 38 (1.36%) Blog
13 38 (1.36%) Cloud Native
14 36 (1.29%) Virtual Team
15 29 (1.04%) Mobile Games
16 28 (1.00%) Linux Command Line
17 27 (0.97%) Clustering
18 25 (0.90%) Fixed Income
Operating Systems
1 194 (6.95%) Linux
2 105 (3.76%) Unix
3 45 (1.61%) Windows
4 42 (1.50%) Apple iOS
5 35 (1.25%) Android
6 10 (0.36%) Windows Server
7 9 (0.32%) Ubuntu
8 6 (0.21%) Mac OS
9 4 (0.14%) watchOS
10 3 (0.11%) DC/OS
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,221 (43.73%) Machine Learning
2 1,111 (39.79%) Analytics
3 974 (34.89%) Artificial Intelligence
4 903 (32.34%) Agile Software Development
5 724 (25.93%) Software Engineering
6 513 (18.37%) Data Engineering
7 488 (17.48%) DevOps
8 445 (15.94%) Visualisation
9 420 (15.04%) Microservices
10 419 (15.01%) Business Intelligence
11 397 (14.22%) Data Pipeline
12 361 (12.93%) Computer Science
13 352 (12.61%) ETL
14 349 (12.50%) Problem-Solving
15 330 (11.82%) Full Stack Development
16 320 (11.46%) Test Automation
17 314 (11.25%) Statistics
18 303 (10.85%) Data Modelling
19 297 (10.64%) Mathematics
20 284 (10.17%) Data Management
Programming Languages
1 1,925 (68.95%) Python
2 1,151 (41.22%) SQL
3 526 (18.84%) Java
4 420 (15.04%) JavaScript
5 321 (11.50%) R
6 289 (10.35%) TypeScript
7 198 (7.09%) Scala
8 130 (4.66%) C++
9 122 (4.37%) Bash Shell
10 115 (4.12%) C#
11 107 (3.83%) Go
12 78 (2.79%) PowerShell
13 66 (2.36%) C
14 62 (2.22%) MATLAB
15 50 (1.79%) Shell Script
16 46 (1.65%) ES6
16 46 (1.65%) Kotlin
17 35 (1.25%) Ruby
18 34 (1.22%) PHP
19 20 (0.72%) VBA
Qualifications
1 451 (16.15%) Degree
2 169 (6.05%) PhD
3 112 (4.01%) Computer Science Degree
4 62 (2.22%) Security Cleared
5 60 (2.15%) Master's Degree
6 51 (1.83%) Numerate Degree
7 27 (0.97%) SC Cleared
8 22 (0.79%) AWS Certification
9 10 (0.36%) Oracle Certification
10 9 (0.32%) Tableau Certification
11 8 (0.29%) Postgraduate
12 4 (0.14%) DV Cleared
13 3 (0.11%) BPSS Clearance
14 2 (0.072%) MBA
14 2 (0.072%) Microsoft Certification
14 2 (0.072%) PMI Certification
14 2 (0.072%) PMP
15 1 (0.036%) CISA
15 1 (0.036%) Network+ Certification
15 1 (0.036%) OCP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 227 (8.13%) QA
2 146 (5.23%) Data Quality
3 101 (3.62%) GDPR
4 32 (1.15%) Accessibility
5 14 (0.50%) GRC
6 12 (0.43%) WAI
7 11 (0.39%) SLA
8 9 (0.32%) Actionable Recommendations
9 8 (0.29%) Good Clinical Practice
10 6 (0.21%) ISO/IEC 27001
11 5 (0.18%) HIPAA
12 2 (0.072%) CDISC
12 2 (0.072%) NIST
13 1 (0.036%) Cyber Essentials
13 1 (0.036%) HMG Security Policy Framework
13 1 (0.036%) IEC 62304
13 1 (0.036%) IFRS
13 1 (0.036%) IFRS 9
13 1 (0.036%) ISO 13485
System Software
1 481 (17.23%) Docker
2 33 (1.18%) VirtualBox
3 15 (0.54%) Apache ZooKeeper
4 11 (0.39%) etcd
5 9 (0.32%) Virtual Servers
6 6 (0.21%) HDFS
6 6 (0.21%) Virtual Machines
7 5 (0.18%) VMware Infrastructure
8 2 (0.072%) Active Directory
Systems Management
1 462 (16.55%) Kubernetes
2 291 (10.42%) Terraform
3 135 (4.84%) Ansible
4 65 (2.33%) Grafana
4 65 (2.33%) Opscode Chef
5 62 (2.22%) Prometheus
6 59 (2.11%) Puppet
7 37 (1.33%) Docker Swarm
8 30 (1.07%) Kubeflow
9 21 (0.75%) Consul
10 19 (0.68%) ZABBIX
11 16 (0.57%) HAProxy
11 16 (0.57%) Istio
11 16 (0.57%) Kibana
11 16 (0.57%) logstash
11 16 (0.57%) Opsgenie
11 16 (0.57%) Pingdom
12 12 (0.43%) MIIS
13 10 (0.36%) Failover Clustering
14 5 (0.18%) Rancher
Vendors
1 372 (13.32%) Google
2 138 (4.94%) Microsoft
3 86 (3.08%) Databricks
4 53 (1.90%) Talend
5 51 (1.83%) IBM
5 51 (1.83%) Oracle
6 50 (1.79%) Cloudera
7 40 (1.43%) Informatica
8 37 (1.33%) Hortonworks
9 36 (1.29%) SAP
10 29 (1.04%) Facebook
11 25 (0.90%) Instagram
12 24 (0.86%) Samsung
13 23 (0.82%) Alteryx
14 22 (0.79%) MicroStrategy
14 22 (0.79%) YouTube
15 20 (0.72%) Adobe
15 20 (0.72%) New Relic
15 20 (0.72%) Yahoo!
16 19 (0.68%) Salesforce.com