The table below looks at the statistics for BDD skills in IT contracts advertised across the UK. Included is a guide to the contractor rates offered in IT contracts that have cited BDD over the 3 months to 30 September 2016 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Note that daily contractor rates and hourly contractor rates are treated separately. When calculating average contractor rates, daily rates are not derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

3 months to
30 Sep 2016
Same period 2015 Same period 2014
Behaviour-Driven Development (BDD)
Rank 53 74 93
Rank change year-on-year
+21 +19
Contract jobs citing BDD 2102 1554 1233
As % of all contract IT jobs located in the UK 3.94% 2.68% 2.12%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 4.75% 3.31% 2.75%
Number of daily rates quoted 1593 1243 990
Median daily rate £463 £425 £415
Median daily rate % change year-on-year
+8.82% +2.40%
90% offered a daily rate of more than £350 £320 £325
10% offered a daily rate of more than £575 £574 £550
UK excluding London median daily rate £441 £400 £375
% change year-on-year
+10.31% +6.66%
Number of hourly rates quoted 9 5 0
Median hourly rate £45.00 £37.50 -
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year
+20.00% -
UK excluding London median hourly rate £36.50 £37.50 -
% change year-on-year
-2.66% -

The following table is for comparison with the above and provides statistics for the entire Processes & Methodologies category in contract jobs advertised across the UK.

Processes & Methodologies Category
UK
Contract IT job ads with a match in the
Processes & Methodologies category
44299 46946 44879
As % of all contract IT jobs located in the UK 83.12% 81.11% 77.00%
Number of daily rates quoted 29375 30672 28106
Median daily rate £438 £425 £410
Median daily rate % change year-on-year
+2.94% +3.54%
90% offered a daily rate of more than £300 £288 £275
10% offered a daily rate of more than £590 £583 £575
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £400 £375
% change year-on-year
- +6.66%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1162 1305 1228
Median hourly rate £31.00 £32.50 £23.75
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year
-4.61% +36.84%
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £12.54 £12.50 £12.50
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £50.00 £50.00 £52.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £32.50 £34.00 £25.75
% change year-on-year
-4.41% +32.03%

BDD
Jobs Demand Trend

The demand trend of contract jobs citing BDD as a proportion of all IT contracts with a match in the Processes & Methodologies category.

BDD Jobs Demand Trend in the UK

BDD
Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in IT contract jobs citing BDD within the UK.

BDD Daily Rate Trend in the UK

BDD
Daily Rate Histogram

This chart provides a histogram of daily rates quoted in contract IT jobs citing BDD within the UK over the 3 months to 30 September 2016.

BDD Daily Rate Histogram in the UK

BDD
Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for hourly rates quoted in IT contractor jobs citing BDD within the UK.

BDD Hourly Rate Trend in the UK

BDD
Hourly Rate Histogram

This chart provides a histogram of hourly rates quoted in contract IT jobs citing BDD within the UK over the 3 months to 30 September 2016.

BDD Hourly Rate Histogram in the UK

BDD
Top 30 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing BDD within the UK over the 3 months to 30 September 2016. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 3 month period last year.

Location
(Click see detailed
statistics and trends)
Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Last 3 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +16 1930 £463 +8.82% 522
London +2 1113 £488 +5.40% 285
City of London +10 220 £525 +5.00% 59
South East -2 192 £450 +23.28% 64
North West +40 155 £425 +6.25% 35
Yorkshire +17 118 £450 +5.88% 30
Manchester +31 108 £425 +7.93% 26
Scotland +65 88 £414 +10.33% 9
East Midlands +42 81 £425 +21.42% 17
West Yorkshire +10 81 £450 +9.75% 23
South West +38 75 £363 -9.37% 29
Leeds +5 75 £450 +7.78% 20
East of England +40 73 £475 +18.75% 37
North East +7 65 £438 +3.00% 6
Tyne and Wear 0 63 £438 +3.00% 6
Newcastle upon Tyne -2 63 £438 +3.00% 4
Wales +31 61 £475 - 10
Edinburgh +50 59 £425 +3.03% 3
West Midlands +15 57 £394 +12.50% 19
South Wales +29 52 £475 - 9
Nottinghamshire +24 50 £450 +24.13% 8
Nottingham +14 50 £450 +24.13% 8
Hampshire -2 38 £475 +31.03% 19
South Yorkshire +9 35 £450 -2.17% 3
Bristol +7 34 £450 +12.50% 12
Sheffield +5 33 £450 -2.17% 3
Newport +16 31 £475 -1.04% 3
Hertfordshire +24 27 £475 +52.00% 12
West Sussex +16 27 £500 +42.85% 3
Oxfordshire -4 27 £456 +8.95% 6

BDD
Top 30 Related IT Skills

For the 6 months to 30 September 2016, IT contractor jobs citing BDD also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads with a requirement for BDD.

1 3150 (85.04%) Agile Software Development
2 2881 (77.78%) TDD
3 1720 (46.44%) Java
4 1488 (40.17%) Scrum
5 1271 (34.31%) JavaScript
6 1007 (27.19%) HTML
7 900 (24.30%) Continuous Integration
8 841 (22.71%) CSS
9 801 (21.63%) Cucumber
10 750 (20.25%) Git (software)
11 743 (20.06%) C#
12 697 (18.82%) AngularJS
13 655 (17.68%) Selenium
14 647 (17.47%) .NET
15 641 (17.31%) Web Services
16 627 (16.93%) Jenkins
17 579 (15.63%) Kanban
18 547 (14.77%) REST
18 547 (14.77%) MVC
19 537 (14.50%) Node.js
20 524 (14.15%) SQL
21 505 (13.63%) JIRA
22 487 (13.15%) Pair Programming
23 484 (13.07%) OO
24 477 (12.88%) HTML5
25 469 (12.66%) Scala
25 469 (12.66%) Software Engineering
26 458 (12.37%) QA
27 455 (12.28%) Spring
28 450 (12.15%) Finance

BDD
Top Related IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 188 (5.08%) Elasticsearch
2 174 (4.70%) Confluence
3 125 (3.37%) Tomcat
4 84 (2.27%) Apache Spark
5 76 (2.05%) Apache
6 61 (1.65%) JBoss
7 50 (1.35%) GeoServer
7 50 (1.35%) WebSphere
8 46 (1.24%) CMS
9 41 (1.11%) IIS
9 41 (1.11%) WebLogic
10 34 (0.92%) nginx
11 30 (0.81%) Cloud Foundry
11 30 (0.81%) Drupal
12 28 (0.76%) WebSphere Application Server
13 22 (0.59%) Apache Solr
14 18 (0.49%) Jetty
15 13 (0.35%) Mule
16 12 (0.32%) Adobe Experience Manager
17 11 (0.30%) Sitecore CMS
Applications
1 59 (1.59%) MS Excel
2 22 (0.59%) MS Visio
2 22 (0.59%) Photoshop
3 16 (0.43%) MS Office
4 12 (0.32%) MS PowerPoint
5 4 (0.11%) InVision
6 3 (0.081%) Mingle
6 3 (0.081%) MS Project
7 2 (0.054%) OmniGraffle
8 1 (0.027%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 17 (0.46%) Payment Gateway
2 15 (0.40%) SAP Oil and Gas
3 12 (0.32%) Magento
4 11 (0.30%) Oracle Applications
5 7 (0.19%) Oracle Cash Management
5 7 (0.19%) Oracle EBS
5 7 (0.19%) Oracle EBS R12
5 7 (0.19%) Oracle Payables
6 5 (0.13%) Dynamics CRM
7 2 (0.054%) Eloqua
7 2 (0.054%) Endur
7 2 (0.054%) FLEXCUBE
7 2 (0.054%) Maximo
7 2 (0.054%) Temenos T24
7 2 (0.054%) Unica
7 2 (0.054%) VisionPLUS
8 1 (0.027%) Oracle BPM
8 1 (0.027%) Oracle General Ledger
8 1 (0.027%) Retail-J
Cloud Services
1 367 (9.91%) Amazon AWS
2 215 (5.80%) Microsoft Azure
3 137 (3.70%) GitHub
4 74 (2.00%) Amazon EC2
5 53 (1.43%) Amazon S3
6 46 (1.24%) PaaS
7 40 (1.08%) SaaS
8 37 (1.00%) Amazon SQS
9 33 (0.89%) IaaS
10 30 (0.81%) Heroku
11 27 (0.73%) Cloud Computing
12 24 (0.65%) OpenShift
13 16 (0.43%) AWS CloudFormation
13 16 (0.43%) CloudBees
14 15 (0.40%) Google Play
15 9 (0.24%) Google Cloud Platform
16 8 (0.22%) iTunes
17 6 (0.16%) Adobe Creative Cloud
17 6 (0.16%) AWS Lambda
17 6 (0.16%) Slack
Communications & Networking
1 172 (4.64%) HTTP
2 66 (1.78%) Internet
3 35 (0.94%) MQTT
4 29 (0.78%) RTSP
5 13 (0.35%) LDAP
6 10 (0.27%) Network Security
7 6 (0.16%) AMQP
8 5 (0.13%) FTP
9 4 (0.11%) DVB
9 4 (0.11%) SSL
9 4 (0.11%) TCP/IP
10 3 (0.081%) DNS
10 3 (0.081%) Intranet
10 3 (0.081%) OpenVPN
10 3 (0.081%) SNMP
10 3 (0.081%) VPN
11 2 (0.054%) Firewall
11 2 (0.054%) HTTPS
11 2 (0.054%) SSH
11 2 (0.054%) WebEx
Database & Business Intelligence
1 357 (9.64%) MongoDB
2 349 (9.42%) NoSQL
3 317 (8.56%) SQL Server
4 198 (5.35%) PostgreSQL
5 178 (4.81%) MySQL
6 167 (4.51%) Relational Database
7 136 (3.67%) Hadoop
8 122 (3.29%) Apache Cassandra
9 110 (2.97%) Big Data
10 67 (1.81%) Amazon DynamoDB
11 54 (1.46%) GIS
12 41 (1.11%) HBase
13 40 (1.08%) RDBMS
13 40 (1.08%) SQL Server 2008
14 35 (0.94%) Redis
14 35 (0.94%) SQL Server 2012
15 31 (0.84%) Oracle Database
16 23 (0.62%) Apache Hive
17 22 (0.59%) Spatial Data
18 18 (0.49%) Neo4j
Development Applications
1 801 (21.63%) Cucumber
2 750 (20.25%) Git (software)
3 655 (17.68%) Selenium
4 627 (16.93%) Jenkins
5 505 (13.63%) JIRA
6 397 (10.72%) WebDriver
7 336 (9.07%) Maven
8 280 (7.56%) JUnit
9 221 (5.97%) SpecFlow
10 193 (5.21%) Subversion
11 167 (4.51%) Gradle
12 146 (3.94%) Jasmine
13 145 (3.91%) TeamCity
14 133 (3.59%) SoapUI
15 129 (3.48%) Team Foundation Server
16 125 (3.37%) gulp
17 111 (3.00%) Grunt
18 110 (2.97%) JBehave
19 105 (2.83%) NUnit
20 99 (2.67%) Hudson
General
1 450 (12.15%) Finance
2 235 (6.34%) Banking
3 125 (3.37%) Retail
4 75 (2.02%) Publishing
5 56 (1.51%) Marketing
6 39 (1.05%) Investment Banking
7 38 (1.03%) Front Office
8 35 (0.94%) Games
9 34 (0.92%) Telecoms
10 30 (0.81%) Financial Institution
10 30 (0.81%) Manufacturing
11 28 (0.76%) Advertising
12 23 (0.62%) Back Office
13 17 (0.46%) Electronics
14 9 (0.24%) General Ledger
15 8 (0.22%) Law
16 6 (0.16%) Retail Banking
17 5 (0.13%) Military
18 4 (0.11%) Automotive
18 4 (0.11%) Local Government
Job Titles
1 2348 (63.39%) Developer
2 801 (21.63%) Java Developer
3 533 (14.39%) Senior Developer
4 413 (11.15%) Agile Developer
5 350 (9.45%) Analyst
6 301 (8.13%) .NET Developer
7 290 (7.83%) Agile Java Developer
8 267 (7.21%) C# Developer
9 258 (6.97%) JavaScript Developer
10 247 (6.67%) Senior Java Developer
11 241 (6.51%) Tester
12 234 (6.32%) Scala Developer
13 190 (5.13%) Test Analyst
14 185 (4.99%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
15 162 (4.37%) C# .NET Developer
16 160 (4.32%) Automation Tester
17 156 (4.21%) Software Engineer
18 140 (3.78%) Business Analyst
19 124 (3.35%) Test Engineer
20 115 (3.10%) Full Stack Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1007 (27.19%) HTML
2 841 (22.71%) CSS
3 697 (18.82%) AngularJS
4 647 (17.47%) .NET
5 641 (17.31%) Web Services
6 547 (14.77%) REST
7 537 (14.50%) Node.js
8 477 (12.88%) HTML5
9 455 (12.28%) Spring
10 447 (12.07%) RESTful
11 340 (9.18%) JSON
12 325 (8.77%) ASP.NET
13 322 (8.69%) React
14 310 (8.37%) CSS3
15 305 (8.23%) jQuery
16 301 (8.13%) XML
17 230 (6.21%) ASP.NET MVC
18 224 (6.05%) Gherkin
18 224 (6.05%) SOAP
19 214 (5.78%) Sass
Miscellaneous
1 293 (7.91%) User Experience
2 227 (6.13%) Analytical Skills
3 167 (4.51%) Mobile App
4 127 (3.43%) Computer Science
5 71 (1.92%) Public Cloud
6 65 (1.75%) Enterprise Software
7 45 (1.21%) Derivative
7 45 (1.21%) iPad
8 43 (1.16%) Fintech
9 42 (1.13%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
9 42 (1.13%) Video on Demand
10 41 (1.11%) iPhone
11 39 (1.05%) Virtual Team
12 37 (1.00%) Blog
13 35 (0.94%) Visualisation
14 30 (0.81%) Algorithms
14 30 (0.81%) Inversion of Control
15 22 (0.59%) Mathematics
16 21 (0.57%) Data Structures
16 21 (0.57%) Digital Media
Operating Systems
1 336 (9.07%) Linux
2 214 (5.78%) Apple iOS
3 168 (4.54%) Android
4 157 (4.24%) Unix
5 91 (2.46%) Windows
6 31 (0.84%) Mac OS X
7 14 (0.38%) Windows Server
8 6 (0.16%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 6 (0.16%) VMS
9 4 (0.11%) CentOS
9 4 (0.11%) Ubuntu
9 4 (0.11%) Windows Server 2008
10 3 (0.081%) Mac OS
10 3 (0.081%) Windows Mobile
11 1 (0.027%) OS/2
11 1 (0.027%) Solaris
Processes & Methodologies
1 3150 (85.04%) Agile Software Development
2 2881 (77.78%) TDD
3 1488 (40.17%) Scrum
4 900 (24.30%) Continuous Integration
5 579 (15.63%) Kanban
6 547 (14.77%) MVC
7 487 (13.15%) Pair Programming
8 484 (13.07%) OO
9 469 (12.66%) Software Engineering
10 435 (11.74%) Test Automation
11 426 (11.50%) DevOps
12 402 (10.85%) E-Commerce
13 401 (10.83%) Unit Testing
14 359 (9.69%) Microservices
15 342 (9.23%) Open Source
16 309 (8.34%) Continuous Delivery
17 306 (8.26%) User Stories
18 299 (8.07%) Front End Development
19 265 (7.15%) Web Development
20 232 (6.26%) Mentoring
Programming Languages
1 1720 (46.44%) Java
2 1271 (34.31%) JavaScript
3 743 (20.06%) C#
4 524 (14.15%) SQL
5 469 (12.66%) Scala
6 402 (10.85%) Python
7 387 (10.45%) Ruby
8 252 (6.80%) PHP
9 132 (3.56%) Objective-C
10 89 (2.40%) Groovy
11 83 (2.24%) C++
12 81 (2.19%) C
13 77 (2.08%) Clojure
14 69 (1.86%) ES6
15 63 (1.70%) Apple Swift
16 51 (1.38%) Perl
17 40 (1.08%) PL/SQL
18 38 (1.03%) Shell Script
19 36 (0.97%) T-SQL
20 33 (0.89%) F#
Qualifications
1 230 (6.21%) Security Cleared
2 199 (5.37%) Degree
3 138 (3.73%) SC Cleared
4 110 (2.97%) ISEB
5 93 (2.51%) ISTQB
6 55 (1.48%) BPSS Clearance
7 39 (1.05%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
8 23 (0.62%) DBS Check
9 17 (0.46%) DV Cleared
10 13 (0.35%) BC Cleared
11 7 (0.19%) Microsoft Certification
12 6 (0.16%) ISEB Practitioner
13 4 (0.11%) PMI Certification
13 4 (0.11%) PRINCE2 Certification
14 3 (0.081%) MCAD
14 3 (0.081%) MCSD
14 3 (0.081%) MCTS
14 3 (0.081%) PMP
15 1 (0.027%) AWS Certification
15 1 (0.027%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 458 (12.37%) QA
2 116 (3.13%) SDET
3 67 (1.81%) Disclosure Scotland
4 31 (0.84%) WAI
5 11 (0.30%) FATCA
6 10 (0.27%) Data Quality
7 9 (0.24%) ISO 14001
7 9 (0.24%) ISO 9001
8 8 (0.22%) WCAG
9 2 (0.054%) SLA
10 1 (0.027%) COBIT
10 1 (0.027%) ISO20022
10 1 (0.027%) MiFID
10 1 (0.027%) PCI DSS
10 1 (0.027%) SEPA
System Software
1 253 (6.83%) Docker
2 19 (0.51%) Virtual Machines
3 17 (0.46%) HDFS
4 13 (0.35%) VMware Infrastructure
5 9 (0.24%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 8 (0.22%) Apache Flume
7 7 (0.19%) GeoWebCache
8 5 (0.13%) Active Directory
8 5 (0.13%) Varnish
9 2 (0.054%) GridGain
9 2 (0.054%) vSphere
10 1 (0.027%) Shibboleth
10 1 (0.027%) vCloud
10 1 (0.027%) VirtualBox
Systems Management
1 107 (2.89%) Opscode Chef
2 77 (2.08%) Puppet
3 42 (1.13%) Ansible
3 42 (1.13%) HP Quality Center
4 24 (0.65%) Kibana
5 18 (0.49%) Kubernetes
6 12 (0.32%) logstash
7 10 (0.27%) BladeLogic
8 7 (0.19%) Terraform
9 6 (0.16%) Nagios
10 4 (0.11%) Capistrano
10 4 (0.11%) Mesos
10 4 (0.11%) Salt
11 3 (0.081%) Grafana
11 3 (0.081%) Graphite
11 3 (0.081%) Perfmon
11 3 (0.081%) Rundeck
12 2 (0.054%) CA Service Virtualization
12 2 (0.054%) Tivoli
12 2 (0.054%) ZABBIX
Vendors
1 189 (5.10%) Microsoft
2 171 (4.62%) Oracle
3 74 (2.00%) Atlassian
4 52 (1.40%) Zend
5 51 (1.38%) HP
6 48 (1.30%) Google
7 42 (1.13%) ESRI
8 41 (1.11%) Apple
9 32 (0.86%) Sitecore
10 31 (0.84%) SAP
11 29 (0.78%) VMware
12 27 (0.73%) Rally
13 23 (0.62%) New Relic
14 21 (0.57%) Xamarin
15 20 (0.54%) Salesforce.com
16 19 (0.51%) IBM
17 17 (0.46%) Adobe
17 17 (0.46%) MuleSoft
18 16 (0.43%) Splunk
19 15 (0.40%) Solace
London
Burns Sheehan
Rate: £500.00 - £550 per annum
Posted: Yesterday
Reading, Berkshire
Capita Resourcing - IT Resourcing
Rate: £400 - £450 per day
Posted: Yesterday
Tamworth, Staffordshire
Optima Connections
Rate: From £300 to £400 per day
Posted: 15 hours ago
Cardiff, South Glamorgan
Avion Recruitment Solutions
Rate: £500 - £600 per day
Posted: 17 hours ago
City, London
TEKsystems
Rate: £525 - £575 per day
Posted: 17 hours ago
London
Oliver Bernard
Rate: £575 - £600 per day
Posted: 12 hours ago
Belfast, County Antrim
Computer People
Rate: £350 - £375 per day
Posted: Yesterday
West London
Vantage Recruitment Solutions Ltd
Rate: From £450 to £500 per day
Posted: Yesterday
City, London
Arrows Group
Rate: £500 - £600 per day + negotiable
Posted: 11 hours ago
Leeds, West Yorkshire
MA Associates Worldwide
Rate: From £400 to £600 per annum
Posted: 13 hours ago
City, London
Ebury
Rate: £400.00 - £450.00 per day
Posted: Yesterday
London
MA Associates Worldwide
Rate: From £400 to £600 per day
Posted: 13 hours ago
Central London / West End
Energon People
Rate: £375 - £475 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
Central London / West End
Oliver Bernard
Rate: £550 - £600 per day
Posted: Yesterday
London
Optima Connections
Rate: From £400 to £500 per day
Posted: 16 hours ago
London
Tiro Partners
Rate: £425 - £475 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
Birmingham, West Midlands (County)
Syntax Consultancy Ltd
Rate: From £400 to £500 per day
Posted: 12 hours ago
Belfast, County Antrim
Computer People
Rate: £400 - £425 per day
Posted: Yesterday
Central London / West End
Energon People
Rate: £350 - £450 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
London
Staffworx Ltd
Rate: £500 day
Posted: Yesterday
London
Oliver Bernard
Rate: £550 - £600 per day
Posted: Yesterday
London
Haybrook IT Resourcing Ltd
Rate: Up to £500 per day
Posted: 11 hours ago
Sheffield, South Yorkshire
Opus Recruitment Solutions Ltd
Rate: £400 - £500 per day
Posted: Yesterday
Oxford, Oxfordshire
Opus Recruitment Solutions Ltd
Rate: Competitive
Posted: 2 days ago
London
Darwin Recruitment
Posted: 10 hours ago
Bristol, Avon
Futureheads Recruitment Ltd
Rate: From £300 to £400 per day
Posted: 11 hours ago
London
Harvey Nash plc
Rate: £350 - £420 per day
Posted: Yesterday
Basingstoke, Hampshire
Venturi
Rate: £400 - £475 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
City, London
Mortimer Spinks
Rate: £300 - £350 per annum
Posted: 3 days ago
London
Hydrogen Group
Rate: £400.00 - £500.00 per day
Posted: 16 hours ago