Period
to 26 June 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in Central London with a requirement for Virtual Machines skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Virtual Machines over the 6 months to 26 June 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Virtual Machine (VM)
London > Central London
6 months to
26 Jun 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 222 259 233
Rank change year-on-year +37 -26 +7
Contract jobs citing Virtual Machines 51 36 21
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in Central London 0.60% 0.39% 0.28%
As % of the System Software category 3.18% 2.53% 2.54%
Number of daily rates quoted 43 28 19
Central London median daily rate £550 £500 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +10.00% +17.65% -5.29%
10th Percentile £409 £172 £370
90th Percentile £685 £625 £545
London median daily rate £525 £525 £500
% change year-on-year - +5.00% +11.11%
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 0 0
Central London median hourly rate - - -
London median hourly rate £36.67 £44.67 £18.70
% change year-on-year -17.90% +138.85% -1.58%

Virtual Machines is in the System Software category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in Central London with a requirement for system software skills.

All System Software Skills
Central London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for system software skills 1,604 1,422 827
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in Central London 18.98% 15.59% 11.15%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,229 1,122 656
Central London median daily rate £525 £500 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.00% +11.11% -
10th Percentile £213 £213 £178
90th Percentile £675 £650 £625
London median daily rate £525 £500 £463
% change year-on-year +5.00% +8.11% +2.78%
Number of hourly rates quoted 29 45 19
Central London median hourly rate £21.00 £20.00 £21.25
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +5.00% -5.88% +29.77%
10th Percentile £12.76 £11.88 £12.88
90th Percentile £41.52 £25.00 £187.50
London median hourly rate £21.00 £20.00 £21.33
% change year-on-year +5.00% -6.21% +42.17%

Virtual Machines
Job Vacancy Trend in Central London

Job postings citing Virtual Machines as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in Central London.

Job vacancy trend for Virtual Machines in Central London

Virtual Machines
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in Central London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Virtual Machines in Central London.

Contractor daily rate trend for Virtual Machines in Central London

Virtual Machines
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in Central London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Virtual Machines in Central London over the 6 months to 26 June 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Virtual Machines in Central London

Virtual Machines
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in Central London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Virtual Machines in Central London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Virtual Machines in Central London

Virtual Machines
Contract Job Locations in Central London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Virtual Machines within the Central London region over the 6 months to 26 June 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
City of London +18 29 £489 +18.48% 2
City of Westminster - 12 £550 -
Southwark - 2 £525 -
Virtual Machines
London

For the 6 months to 26 June 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Virtual Machines also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the Central London region with a requirement for Virtual Machines.

1 27 (52.94%) DevOps
2 24 (47.06%) Jenkins
3 22 (43.14%) Puppet
3 22 (43.14%) Java
4 20 (39.22%) Linux
4 20 (39.22%) Open Source
4 20 (39.22%) Docker
4 20 (39.22%) Kubernetes
5 19 (37.25%) Continuous Integration
6 18 (35.29%) Microservices
6 18 (35.29%) MySQL
6 18 (35.29%) DNS
7 17 (33.33%) Ansible
7 17 (33.33%) Test Automation
7 17 (33.33%) Microsoft Azure
8 16 (31.37%) Relational Database
8 16 (31.37%) Configuration Management
8 16 (31.37%) TCP/IP
8 16 (31.37%) Travis CI
8 16 (31.37%) Thought Leadership
9 15 (29.41%) FTP
9 15 (29.41%) HTTP
9 15 (29.41%) DHCP
9 15 (29.41%) OOP
9 15 (29.41%) OO
9 15 (29.41%) RDBMS
9 15 (29.41%) SSL
9 15 (29.41%) IPsec
9 15 (29.41%) Target Operating Model
9 15 (29.41%) MongoDB

Virtual Machines
Co-occurring IT Skills in Central London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 4 (7.84%) nginx
2 3 (5.88%) Exchange Server 2013
2 3 (5.88%) IIS
2 3 (5.88%) Skype for Business
3 2 (3.92%) Tomcat
3 2 (3.92%) WebSphere
4 1 (1.96%) Anypoint
4 1 (1.96%) Cloud Foundry
4 1 (1.96%) Confluence
4 1 (1.96%) Drupal
4 1 (1.96%) OpenStack
4 1 (1.96%) WebLogic
Applications
1 4 (7.84%) Microsoft Office
Cloud Services
1 17 (33.33%) Microsoft Azure
2 8 (15.69%) IaaS
3 6 (11.76%) PaaS
4 5 (9.80%) Office 365
5 4 (7.84%) SaaS
6 3 (5.88%) Amazon AWS
6 3 (5.88%) Azure Active Directory
6 3 (5.88%) Azure Data Factory
6 3 (5.88%) Slack
7 2 (3.92%) Azure ExpressRoute
7 2 (3.92%) Azure Stack
7 2 (3.92%) npm
8 1 (1.96%) Azure Functions
8 1 (1.96%) Cloud Computing
8 1 (1.96%) Data Lake Analytics
8 1 (1.96%) Google Cloud Platform
8 1 (1.96%) OpenShift
8 1 (1.96%) Power Platform
8 1 (1.96%) Serverless
8 1 (1.96%) Virtual Private Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 18 (35.29%) DNS
2 16 (31.37%) TCP/IP
3 15 (29.41%) DHCP
3 15 (29.41%) FTP
3 15 (29.41%) HTTP
3 15 (29.41%) IPsec
3 15 (29.41%) SSL
4 5 (9.80%) Firewall
4 5 (9.80%) SAN
5 4 (7.84%) Fibre Channel
6 3 (5.88%) iSCSI
7 1 (1.96%) Cisco ASA
7 1 (1.96%) Cisco Firepower
7 1 (1.96%) Cisco Nexus
7 1 (1.96%) DMZ
7 1 (1.96%) Ethernet
7 1 (1.96%) LAN
7 1 (1.96%) NAS
7 1 (1.96%) VPN
7 1 (1.96%) WAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 18 (35.29%) MySQL
2 16 (31.37%) Relational Database
3 15 (29.41%) MongoDB
3 15 (29.41%) NoSQL
3 15 (29.41%) RDBMS
4 6 (11.76%) SQL Server
5 4 (7.84%) Azure SQL Database
5 4 (7.84%) Data Lake
6 3 (5.88%) Big Data
7 2 (3.92%) DB2
7 2 (3.92%) SQL Server Integration Services
7 2 (3.92%) SQL Server Reporting Services
8 1 (1.96%) Oracle Database
8 1 (1.96%) Power BI
8 1 (1.96%) Redis
Development Applications
1 24 (47.06%) Jenkins
2 16 (31.37%) Travis CI
3 5 (9.80%) JIRA
4 4 (7.84%) Maven
4 4 (7.84%) MSI
5 3 (5.88%) Gradle
5 3 (5.88%) WiX
6 2 (3.92%) Git (software)
6 2 (3.92%) IBM UrbanCode
6 2 (3.92%) Sonatype Nexus
6 2 (3.92%) TeamCity
7 1 (1.96%) Atlassian Bamboo
7 1 (1.96%) Axure RP
7 1 (1.96%) Bitbucket
7 1 (1.96%) Cucumber
7 1 (1.96%) gulp
7 1 (1.96%) JUnit
7 1 (1.96%) Selenium
7 1 (1.96%) SonarQube
7 1 (1.96%) Vagrant
General
1 10 (19.61%) Finance
2 3 (5.88%) Banking
2 3 (5.88%) Retail
3 2 (3.92%) Advertising
4 1 (1.96%) Front Office
4 1 (1.96%) Marketing
Job Titles
1 20 (39.22%) DevOps Engineer
2 10 (19.61%) Architect
3 5 (9.80%) Azure Architect
4 4 (7.84%) Analyst
4 4 (7.84%) Developer
4 4 (7.84%) Support Analyst
5 3 (5.88%) Infrastructure Engineer
5 3 (5.88%) Python Engineer
5 3 (5.88%) Senior Architect
5 3 (5.88%) Solutions Architect
6 2 (3.92%) IT Analyst
6 2 (3.92%) IT Support
6 2 (3.92%) IT Support Analyst
6 2 (3.92%) Java Developer
6 2 (3.92%) Junior IT Support
6 2 (3.92%) Junior IT Support Analyst
6 2 (3.92%) Linux Administrator
6 2 (3.92%) Migration Analyst
6 2 (3.92%) SQL DBA
6 2 (3.92%) Windows Support Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 4 (7.84%) .NET
2 3 (5.88%) Software Packaging
3 2 (3.92%) Hibernate
3 2 (3.92%) JPA
3 2 (3.92%) LDAP
3 2 (3.92%) Middleware
3 2 (3.92%) Oracle GoldenGate
3 2 (3.92%) Spring
3 2 (3.92%) Spring Boot
4 1 (1.96%) AngularJS
4 1 (1.96%) Behat
4 1 (1.96%) CSS
4 1 (1.96%) Drush
4 1 (1.96%) HTML
4 1 (1.96%) jQuery
4 1 (1.96%) LESS
4 1 (1.96%) Sass
Miscellaneous
1 5 (9.80%) Clustering
1 5 (9.80%) Data Centre
2 4 (7.84%) Analytical Skills
3 3 (5.88%) Hedge funds
3 3 (5.88%) Public Cloud
4 2 (3.92%) Hybrid Cloud
5 1 (1.96%) Cloud Native
5 1 (1.96%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
5 1 (1.96%) Enterprise Storage
5 1 (1.96%) NHS
5 1 (1.96%) Oracle Licensing
5 1 (1.96%) User Experience
Operating Systems
1 20 (39.22%) Linux
2 13 (25.49%) Windows
3 5 (9.80%) Windows Server
4 4 (7.84%) Windows 10
4 4 (7.84%) Windows 7
5 3 (5.88%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 1 (1.96%) Oracle Linux
6 1 (1.96%) SUSE
6 1 (1.96%) Unix
6 1 (1.96%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 27 (52.94%) DevOps
2 20 (39.22%) Open Source
3 19 (37.25%) Continuous Integration
4 18 (35.29%) Microservices
5 17 (33.33%) Test Automation
6 16 (31.37%) Configuration Management
6 16 (31.37%) Thought Leadership
7 15 (29.41%) OO
7 15 (29.41%) OOP
7 15 (29.41%) Target Operating Model
8 7 (13.73%) Migration
9 6 (11.76%) Agile Software Development
10 5 (9.80%) Infrastructure Engineering
11 4 (7.84%) Information Security
11 4 (7.84%) OWASP
12 3 (5.88%) Data Protection
12 3 (5.88%) Load Balancing
12 3 (5.88%) Service Delivery
12 3 (5.88%) Service Management
12 3 (5.88%) Vulnerability Management
Programming Languages
1 22 (43.14%) Java
2 10 (19.61%) SQL
3 7 (13.73%) Shell Script
4 5 (9.80%) PowerShell
4 5 (9.80%) Python
5 4 (7.84%) Groovy
6 3 (5.88%) VB
7 2 (3.92%) C#
7 2 (3.92%) PHP
7 2 (3.92%) T-SQL
8 1 (1.96%) JavaScript
8 1 (1.96%) Ruby
8 1 (1.96%) TypeScript
Qualifications
1 1 (1.96%) RHCA
1 1 (1.96%) RHCE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 2 (3.92%) SLA
2 1 (1.96%) PCI DSS
2 1 (1.96%) QA
System Software
1 20 (39.22%) Docker
2 10 (19.61%) Active Directory
3 4 (7.84%) XenApp
4 3 (5.88%) Hyper-V
4 3 (5.88%) VMware Infrastructure
4 3 (5.88%) XenDesktop
5 2 (3.92%) Virtual Desktop
6 1 (1.96%) Microsoft App-V
6 1 (1.96%) NFS
6 1 (1.96%) VMware ESXi
6 1 (1.96%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 22 (43.14%) Puppet
2 20 (39.22%) Kubernetes
3 17 (33.33%) Ansible
4 8 (15.69%) Opscode Chef
5 4 (7.84%) Microsoft Clustering
5 4 (7.84%) SCCM
6 3 (5.88%) Microsoft Data Protection Manager
6 3 (5.88%) QRadar
6 3 (5.88%) SCOM
6 3 (5.88%) SCOrch
6 3 (5.88%) Symantec Enterprise Vault
7 2 (3.92%) Enterprise Manager Cloud Control
7 2 (3.92%) Terraform
7 2 (3.92%) vCenter Server
8 1 (1.96%) Microsoft Intune
8 1 (1.96%) NetBackup
8 1 (1.96%) Red Hat Satellite
8 1 (1.96%) SCVMM
Vendors
1 9 (17.65%) Microsoft
2 6 (11.76%) Citrix
3 4 (7.84%) VMware
4 3 (5.88%) F5
4 3 (5.88%) Ivanti
4 3 (5.88%) Oracle
4 3 (5.88%) Symantec
5 2 (3.92%) IBM
5 2 (3.92%) Red Hat
6 1 (1.96%) Atlassian
6 1 (1.96%) Centrify
6 1 (1.96%) CheckPoint
6 1 (1.96%) Cisco
6 1 (1.96%) Google
6 1 (1.96%) HP
6 1 (1.96%) hybris
6 1 (1.96%) MuleSoft
6 1 (1.96%) NetApp
6 1 (1.96%) Salesforce.com
6 1 (1.96%) Veritas