Period
to 9 August 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Virtual Machines skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Virtual Machines over the 6 months to 9 August 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Virtual Machine (VM)
England > London
6 months to
9 Aug 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 283 372 428
Rank change year-on-year +89 +56 +1
Contract jobs citing Virtual Machines 99 225 220
As % of all contract jobs advertised in London 0.65% 0.56% 0.48%
As % of the System Software category 4.38% 3.57% 3.28%
Number of daily rates quoted 70 159 171
Median daily rate £475 £525 £550
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -9.52% -4.55% +15.79%
10th Percentile £281 £363 £275
90th Percentile £604 £713 £713
England median daily rate £500 £475 £495
% change year-on-year +5.26% -4.04% +16.47%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2 3 8
Median hourly rate £35.00 £47.83 £35.75
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -26.82% +33.79% +91.18%
England median hourly rate £22.64 £23.75 £26.88
% change year-on-year -4.66% -11.63% +53.57%

Virtual Machines is in the System Software category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for system software skills.

All System Software Skills
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for system software skills 2,259 6,295 6,710
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 14.78% 15.63% 14.66%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,545 4,576 4,925
Median daily rate £500 £513 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -2.44% +2.50% +5.26%
10th Percentile £281 £203 £200
90th Percentile £650 £675 £650
England median daily rate £475 £475 £450
% change year-on-year - +5.56% +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 46 108 149
Median hourly rate £35.00 £21.00 £20.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +66.67% +5.00% -
10th Percentile £13.13 £12.76 £13.00
90th Percentile £47.83 £50.00 £47.83
Median hourly rate £19.00 £16.60 £16.55
% change year-on-year +14.46% +0.30% +3.44%

Virtual Machines
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Virtual Machines as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Virtual Machines in London

Virtual Machines
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Virtual Machines in London.

Daily rate trend for Virtual Machines in London

Virtual Machines
Daily Rate Histogram in London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Virtual Machines in London over the 6 months to 9 August 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Virtual Machines in London

Virtual Machines
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Virtual Machines in London.

Hourly rate trend for Virtual Machines in London

Virtual Machines
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Virtual Machines within the London region over the 6 months to 9 August 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London +98 11 £488 -9.30% 1
North London +16 4 £563 +30.81%
South London +48 3 £500 +60.00%
West London +49 2 £239 -48.38% 1
Virtual Machines
England

For the 6 months to 9 August 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Virtual Machines also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for Virtual Machines.

1 53 (53.54%) Windows
2 35 (35.35%) DNS
2 35 (35.35%) Security Cleared
3 33 (33.33%) SC Cleared
3 33 (33.33%) Linux
4 29 (29.29%) Oracle
5 28 (28.28%) Active Directory
6 27 (27.27%) Firewall
7 26 (26.26%) PaaS
8 24 (24.24%) PowerShell
9 22 (22.22%) ITIL
10 20 (20.20%) VPN
10 20 (20.20%) Ansible
10 20 (20.20%) Windows 10
10 20 (20.20%) Windows Server
11 19 (19.19%) Patch Management
11 19 (19.19%) Microsoft
11 19 (19.19%) Shell Script
11 19 (19.19%) VMware Infrastructure
11 19 (19.19%) VMware
12 18 (18.18%) Azure
12 18 (18.18%) Unix
12 18 (18.18%) Kubernetes
12 18 (18.18%) Network Virtualisation
13 17 (17.17%) Mentoring
13 17 (17.17%) C
13 17 (17.17%) Hyper-V
13 17 (17.17%) Splunk
14 16 (16.16%) DV Cleared
14 16 (16.16%) Network Security

Virtual Machines
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 14 (14.14%) MS Exchange
2 13 (13.13%) Exchange Server 2010
3 11 (11.11%) IIS
4 9 (9.09%) Cloud Foundry
4 9 (9.09%) nginx
5 2 (2.02%) CMS
5 2 (2.02%) Confluence
5 2 (2.02%) SharePoint
6 1 (1.01%) Exchange Server 2013
6 1 (1.01%) MQSeries
6 1 (1.01%) Oracle SOA Suite
Applications
1 2 (2.02%) Microsoft Office
Business Applications
1 1 (1.01%) Actimize
Cloud Services
1 26 (26.26%) PaaS
2 18 (18.18%) Azure
3 12 (12.12%) IaaS
4 11 (11.11%) Office 365
5 9 (9.09%) GCP
5 9 (9.09%) npm
5 9 (9.09%) SaaS
6 3 (3.03%) GitHub
7 2 (2.02%) Azure Active Directory
7 2 (2.02%) Azure Data Factory
7 2 (2.02%) Logic Apps
7 2 (2.02%) Power Platform
7 2 (2.02%) Stackdriver
7 2 (2.02%) Virtual Private Cloud
8 1 (1.01%) AWS
8 1 (1.01%) Azure ExpressRoute
8 1 (1.01%) Serverless
Communications & Networking
1 35 (35.35%) DNS
2 27 (27.27%) Firewall
3 20 (20.20%) VPN
4 16 (16.16%) LAN
4 16 (16.16%) Network Security
5 15 (15.15%) SAN
6 13 (13.13%) DHCP
7 12 (12.12%) Internet
7 12 (12.12%) SNMP
7 12 (12.12%) TACACS
7 12 (12.12%) TCP/IP
8 11 (11.11%) OSPF
9 9 (9.09%) WAN
10 8 (8.08%) DMZ
11 7 (7.07%) IPv4
12 5 (5.05%) Remote Desktop
13 3 (3.03%) 3GPP
13 3 (3.03%) 5G
13 3 (3.03%) FCAPS
13 3 (3.03%) NAS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 15 (15.15%) SQL Server
2 8 (8.08%) BigQuery
3 6 (6.06%) Oracle Reports
4 3 (3.03%) Big Data
4 3 (3.03%) Data Lake
5 2 (2.02%) Azure SQL Data Warehouse
5 2 (2.02%) Azure SQL Database
5 2 (2.02%) Data Warehouse
5 2 (2.02%) Microsoft Analysis Services
5 2 (2.02%) MySQL
5 2 (2.02%) Snowflake Schema
5 2 (2.02%) SQL Server 2012
5 2 (2.02%) SQL Server 2016
5 2 (2.02%) SQL Server Analysis Services
6 1 (1.01%) Amazon RDS
Development Applications
1 12 (12.12%) Jenkins
2 10 (10.10%) gulp
3 9 (9.09%) CircleCI
3 9 (9.09%) Gradle
3 9 (9.09%) Maven
3 9 (9.09%) Travis CI
4 8 (8.08%) Git (software)
5 2 (2.02%) JIRA
5 2 (2.02%) Sonatype Nexus
6 1 (1.01%) AdminStudio
6 1 (1.01%) Grunt
6 1 (1.01%) Jasmine
6 1 (1.01%) Karma Test Runner
6 1 (1.01%) MSI
6 1 (1.01%) Protractor
6 1 (1.01%) webpack
General
1 16 (16.16%) Finance
2 8 (8.08%) Banking
3 7 (7.07%) Telecoms
4 5 (5.05%) Public Sector
5 3 (3.03%) Financial Institution
6 2 (2.02%) Retail
7 1 (1.01%) Manufacturing
Job Titles
1 10 (10.10%) Developer
2 8 (8.08%) Cloud Engineer
2 8 (8.08%) Technical Support
3 7 (7.07%) Architect
4 6 (6.06%) Consultant
4 6 (6.06%) DevOps Engineer
4 6 (6.06%) Linux Engineer
4 6 (6.06%) Support Officer
4 6 (6.06%) Technical Support Officer
5 5 (5.05%) Administrator
5 5 (5.05%) Linux Systems Engineer
5 5 (5.05%) Security Architect
5 5 (5.05%) Systems Engineer
5 5 (5.05%) Unix Engineer
5 5 (5.05%) Unix Linux Engineer
5 5 (5.05%) Unix Systems Engineer
6 4 (4.04%) Infrastructure Engineer
7 3 (3.03%) Analyst
7 3 (3.03%) Lead Developer
7 3 (3.03%) Support Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 10 (10.10%) Node.js
2 4 (4.04%) OAuth
2 4 (4.04%) OpenID
2 4 (4.04%) Oracle Fusion
2 4 (4.04%) SAML
3 3 (3.03%) Web Services
4 2 (2.02%) Jinja
4 2 (2.02%) Microsoft Graph
4 2 (2.02%) REST
5 1 (1.01%) .NET Core
5 1 (1.01%) Ajax
5 1 (1.01%) Angular 2
5 1 (1.01%) AngularJS
5 1 (1.01%) jQuery
5 1 (1.01%) Kendo UI
5 1 (1.01%) LDAP
5 1 (1.01%) LESS
5 1 (1.01%) RESTful
5 1 (1.01%) Software Packaging
5 1 (1.01%) Vue.js
Miscellaneous
1 15 (15.15%) Analytical Skills
2 11 (11.11%) HP StoreVirtual
2 11 (11.11%) Public Cloud
3 8 (8.08%) Management Information System
4 5 (5.05%) Cloud Native
5 4 (4.04%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
5 4 (4.04%) iPad
6 3 (3.03%) Analytical Mindset
6 3 (3.03%) CCTV
6 3 (3.03%) FMCG
6 3 (3.03%) Hedge funds
6 3 (3.03%) PKI
7 2 (2.02%) Data Centre
7 2 (2.02%) Replication
8 1 (1.01%) Blackberry
8 1 (1.01%) CLARiiON
8 1 (1.01%) Linux Command Line
8 1 (1.01%) NHS
8 1 (1.01%) Self-Motivation
8 1 (1.01%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 53 (53.54%) Windows
2 33 (33.33%) Linux
3 20 (20.20%) Windows 10
3 20 (20.20%) Windows Server
4 18 (18.18%) Unix
5 13 (13.13%) Windows Server 2008
6 11 (11.11%) Windows Server 2012
7 7 (7.07%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 7 (7.07%) Windows Server 2016
8 6 (6.06%) Solaris
9 4 (4.04%) Windows 7
10 2 (2.02%) Windows NT
10 2 (2.02%) Windows Server 2019
10 2 (2.02%) Windows XP
11 1 (1.01%) Android
11 1 (1.01%) Data ONTAP
Processes & Methodologies
1 22 (22.22%) ITIL
2 19 (19.19%) Patch Management
3 18 (18.18%) Network Virtualisation
4 17 (17.17%) Mentoring
5 14 (14.14%) Data Protection
5 14 (14.14%) Migration
6 13 (13.13%) DevOps
6 13 (13.13%) Problem-Solving
7 11 (11.11%) High Availability
8 9 (9.09%) Virtual Environments
9 8 (8.08%) Dashboard Development
9 8 (8.08%) Vulnerability Management
10 7 (7.07%) Problem Management
11 6 (6.06%) E-Commerce
11 6 (6.06%) Open Source
12 5 (5.05%) Agile Software Development
12 5 (5.05%) Infrastructure as Code
12 5 (5.05%) Network Management
12 5 (5.05%) Service Management
13 4 (4.04%) GitOps
Programming Languages
1 24 (24.24%) PowerShell
2 19 (19.19%) Shell Script
3 17 (17.17%) C
4 15 (15.15%) Bash Shell
4 15 (15.15%) Java
5 11 (11.11%) Python
6 7 (7.07%) Perl
7 5 (5.05%) Groovy
7 5 (5.05%) SQL
8 4 (4.04%) C#
9 2 (2.02%) JavaScript
9 2 (2.02%) VBScript
10 1 (1.01%) VB
Qualifications
1 35 (35.35%) Security Cleared
2 33 (33.33%) SC Cleared
3 16 (16.16%) DV Cleared
4 11 (11.11%) ITIL Certification
5 7 (7.07%) Microsoft Certification
6 6 (6.06%) MCSA
7 2 (2.02%) Degree
8 1 (1.01%) (ISC)2 CCSP
8 1 (1.01%) Cisco Certification
8 1 (1.01%) CISM
8 1 (1.01%) CISSP
8 1 (1.01%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
8 1 (1.01%) VCP5
8 1 (1.01%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 11 (11.11%) Government Security Classifications
1 11 (11.11%) NCSC
2 7 (7.07%) SLA
3 6 (6.06%) HMG Security Policy Framework
4 1 (1.01%) Disclosure Scotland
System Software
1 28 (28.28%) Active Directory
2 19 (19.19%) VMware Infrastructure
3 17 (17.17%) Hyper-V
4 12 (12.12%) Docker
5 6 (6.06%) Squid
6 5 (5.05%) VMware ESXi
7 2 (2.02%) Microsoft App-V
7 2 (2.02%) Virtual Desktop
8 1 (1.01%) NFS
8 1 (1.01%) Samba
Systems Management
1 20 (20.20%) Ansible
2 18 (18.18%) Kubernetes
3 14 (14.14%) Microsoft Data Protection Manager
4 13 (13.13%) Terraform
5 7 (7.07%) Argo
5 7 (7.07%) Norton AntiVirus
5 7 (7.07%) WSUS
6 6 (6.06%) Cacti
6 6 (6.06%) Nagios
6 6 (6.06%) Opsview
6 6 (6.06%) Puppet
6 6 (6.06%) Red Hat Satellite
7 5 (5.05%) Opscode Chef
8 4 (4.04%) Nessus
8 4 (4.04%) SCVMM
9 2 (2.02%) Perfmon
9 2 (2.02%) SCCM
10 1 (1.01%) Packer
10 1 (1.01%) Simpana
10 1 (1.01%) vCenter Server
Vendors
1 29 (29.29%) Oracle
2 19 (19.19%) Microsoft
2 19 (19.19%) VMware
3 17 (17.17%) Splunk
4 13 (13.13%) HP
5 9 (9.09%) Google
6 8 (8.08%) Palo Alto
6 8 (8.08%) Symantec
7 7 (7.07%) CheckPoint
7 7 (7.07%) Fortinet
7 7 (7.07%) Lumension
7 7 (7.07%) Red Hat
7 7 (7.07%) Sophos
8 6 (6.06%) AppDynamics
8 6 (6.06%) IBM
8 6 (6.06%) Sybase
9 4 (4.04%) ForgeRock
10 3 (3.03%) Dell
10 3 (3.03%) NetApp
11 2 (2.02%) Hitachi