Period
to 21 September 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Virtual Machines skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Virtual Machines over the 6 months to 21 September 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Virtual Machine (VM)
England > London
6 months to
21 Sep 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 392 428 422
Rank change year-on-year +36 -6 +11
Contract jobs citing Virtual Machines 182 204 194
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 0.47% 0.44% 0.44%
As % of the System Software category 3.09% 2.94% 3.82%
Number of daily rates quoted 130 164 114
London median daily rate £513 £550 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -6.82% +15.79% +5.56%
10th Percentile £358 £266 £295
90th Percentile £713 £713 £638
England median daily rate £475 £493 £425
% change year-on-year -3.55% +15.88% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 1 4 8
London median hourly rate £44.92 £32.50 £46.42
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +38.20% -29.98% +68.78%
10th Percentile £43.46 £22.09 £18.70
90th Percentile £46.37 £43.98 £47.83
England median hourly rate £39.75 £22.38 £46.42
% change year-on-year +77.65% -51.79% +106.29%

Virtual Machines is in the System Software category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for system software skills.

All System Software Skills
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for system software skills 5,883 6,937 5,073
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 15.28% 15.13% 11.44%
Number of daily rates quoted 4,298 5,066 3,567
London median daily rate £513 £500 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.50% +5.26% +5.56%
10th Percentile £200 £200 £188
90th Percentile £675 £650 £625
England median daily rate £475 £450 £425
% change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +3.03%
Number of hourly rates quoted 108 145 141
London median hourly rate £21.00 £19.25 £21.25
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +9.09% -9.41% +28.79%
10th Percentile £12.76 £13.00 £12.88
90th Percentile £53.60 £47.64 £52.00
England median hourly rate £16.50 £16.50 £16.50

Virtual Machines
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Virtual Machines as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Virtual Machines in London

Virtual Machines
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Virtual Machines in London.

Contractor daily rate trend for Virtual Machines in London

Virtual Machines
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Virtual Machines in London over the 6 months to 21 September 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Virtual Machines in London

Virtual Machines
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Virtual Machines in London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Virtual Machines in London

Virtual Machines
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Virtual Machines within the London region over the 6 months to 21 September 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London +55 39 £525 +2.44% 17
West London +15 11 £463 -15.91% 5
North London 0 3 £430 +49.57% 1
South London +40 1 - - 4
Virtual Machines
England

For the 6 months to 21 September 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Virtual Machines also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for Virtual Machines.

1 83 (45.60%) Azure
2 82 (45.05%) DevOps
3 76 (41.76%) Windows
4 65 (35.71%) Microsoft
5 60 (32.97%) Jenkins
5 60 (32.97%) Kubernetes
5 60 (32.97%) Puppet
6 57 (31.32%) Agile Software Development
7 54 (29.67%) Linux
8 49 (26.92%) Java
8 49 (26.92%) PowerShell
9 48 (26.37%) Active Directory
10 46 (25.27%) Continuous Integration
10 46 (25.27%) Opscode Chef
11 41 (22.53%) Docker
12 38 (20.88%) Test Automation
12 38 (20.88%) Open Source
12 38 (20.88%) Configuration Management
13 37 (20.33%) DNS
13 37 (20.33%) Ansible
14 36 (19.78%) IaaS
14 36 (19.78%) Finance
15 34 (18.68%) Python
16 32 (17.58%) SCCM
17 31 (17.03%) Windows Server
18 30 (16.48%) PaaS
18 30 (16.48%) DHCP
19 29 (15.93%) Travis CI
20 28 (15.38%) C#
20 28 (15.38%) VMware

Virtual Machines
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 18 (9.89%) nginx
1 18 (9.89%) SharePoint
2 11 (6.04%) Skype for Business
2 11 (6.04%) Tomcat
3 10 (5.49%) IIS
4 9 (4.95%) Cloud Foundry
5 6 (3.30%) MS Exchange
5 6 (3.30%) WebSphere
6 4 (2.20%) Exchange Server 2010
6 4 (2.20%) Exchange Server 2013
7 3 (1.65%) CMS
7 3 (1.65%) SharePoint 2013
7 3 (1.65%) Sitecore CMS
7 3 (1.65%) Umbraco
8 2 (1.10%) Apache
8 2 (1.10%) CloudStack
8 2 (1.10%) Confluence
8 2 (1.10%) OpenStack
9 1 (0.55%) Anypoint
9 1 (0.55%) MQSeries
Applications
1 12 (6.59%) Microsoft Office
2 4 (2.20%) Microsoft Excel
3 3 (1.65%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 3 (1.65%) MS Visio
4 1 (0.55%) Adobe Illustrator
4 1 (0.55%) InDesign
4 1 (0.55%) Photoshop
4 1 (0.55%) SketchUp
Business Applications
1 3 (1.65%) Dynamics CRM
2 1 (0.55%) FLEXCUBE
2 1 (0.55%) SAP ERP
Cloud Services
1 83 (45.60%) Azure
2 36 (19.78%) IaaS
3 30 (16.48%) PaaS
4 22 (12.09%) AWS
5 20 (10.99%) npm
6 12 (6.59%) Dynamics 365
6 12 (6.59%) Office 365
7 11 (6.04%) Amazon ECS
8 10 (5.49%) Azure Active Directory
9 8 (4.40%) GCP
10 6 (3.30%) OpenShift
11 5 (2.75%) Azure Data Factory
11 5 (2.75%) Serverless
12 4 (2.20%) Azure ExpressRoute
13 3 (1.65%) Data Lake Analytics
13 3 (1.65%) SaaS
14 2 (1.10%) Apigee
14 2 (1.10%) Google App Engine
14 2 (1.10%) Google Compute Engine
14 2 (1.10%) OneDrive
Communications & Networking
1 37 (20.33%) DNS
2 30 (16.48%) DHCP
3 23 (12.64%) HTTP
3 23 (12.64%) TCP/IP
4 22 (12.09%) FTP
5 21 (11.54%) IPsec
5 21 (11.54%) SSL
6 10 (5.49%) Firewall
6 10 (5.49%) SAN
7 8 (4.40%) Skype
8 7 (3.85%) iSCSI
8 7 (3.85%) VPN
9 5 (2.75%) Cisco IOS
10 4 (2.20%) Cisco ASA
10 4 (2.20%) IPv4
10 4 (2.20%) WAN
11 3 (1.65%) Cisco Firepower
11 3 (1.65%) Cisco Nexus
11 3 (1.65%) Fibre Channel
11 3 (1.65%) LAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 27 (14.84%) MySQL
1 27 (14.84%) SQL Server
2 23 (12.64%) NoSQL
2 23 (12.64%) Relational Database
3 22 (12.09%) MongoDB
4 21 (11.54%) RDBMS
5 12 (6.59%) Data Warehouse
6 10 (5.49%) Azure SQL Database
7 6 (3.30%) Big Data
8 4 (2.20%) Data Lake
8 4 (2.20%) Redis
9 3 (1.65%) Oracle Database
10 2 (1.10%) DB2
10 2 (1.10%) Power BI
11 1 (0.55%) BusinessObjects
11 1 (0.55%) Oracle Database 12c
11 1 (0.55%) PostgreSQL
11 1 (0.55%) Qlik Sense
11 1 (0.55%) SQL Server 2012
11 1 (0.55%) SQL Server Reporting Services
Development Applications
1 60 (32.97%) Jenkins
2 29 (15.93%) Travis CI
3 23 (12.64%) MSI
3 23 (12.64%) Visual Studio Team System
4 20 (10.99%) Visual Studio
5 18 (9.89%) Git (software)
6 16 (8.79%) gulp
7 15 (8.24%) Maven
8 14 (7.69%) ReSharper
9 13 (7.14%) Gradle
10 12 (6.59%) Bitbucket
10 12 (6.59%) TeamCity
11 7 (3.85%) CircleCI
12 6 (3.30%) Jasmine
12 6 (3.30%) JUnit
13 5 (2.75%) JIRA
14 4 (2.20%) Sonatype Nexus
14 4 (2.20%) WiX
15 3 (1.65%) Grunt
15 3 (1.65%) Octopus Deploy
General
1 36 (19.78%) Finance
2 11 (6.04%) Public Sector
3 9 (4.95%) Banking
4 7 (3.85%) Retail
5 6 (3.30%) Advertising
5 6 (3.30%) Marketing
5 6 (3.30%) Publishing
6 5 (2.75%) Billing
7 2 (1.10%) Financial Institution
7 2 (1.10%) Law
7 2 (1.10%) Telecoms
8 1 (0.55%) Corporate Banking
8 1 (0.55%) French Language
8 1 (0.55%) Front Office
8 1 (0.55%) German Language
8 1 (0.55%) Italian Language
8 1 (0.55%) Legal
8 1 (0.55%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 66 (36.26%) DevOps Engineer
2 23 (12.64%) Developer
3 19 (10.44%) Azure Engineer
4 15 (8.24%) Automation Engineer
4 15 (8.24%) Azure DevOps
5 12 (6.59%) Infrastructure Engineer
6 11 (6.04%) Azure DevOps Engineer
6 11 (6.04%) DevOps Automation Engineer
6 11 (6.04%) Microsoft Engineer
7 10 (5.49%) Architect
7 10 (5.49%) C# Developer
8 8 (4.40%) Platform Engineer
9 7 (3.85%) Analyst
9 7 (3.85%) Kubernetes Engineer
10 6 (3.30%) Azure Architect
10 6 (3.30%) Consultant
10 6 (3.30%) Solutions Architect
11 5 (2.75%) 3rd Line Engineer
11 5 (2.75%) Lead DevOps
11 5 (2.75%) Support Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 16 (8.79%) .NET
2 15 (8.24%) JSON
3 11 (6.04%) Node.js
3 11 (6.04%) SAML
4 8 (4.40%) CSS
4 8 (4.40%) HTML
5 7 (3.85%) AngularJS
6 5 (2.75%) .NET Framework
6 5 (2.75%) ASP.NET
6 5 (2.75%) jQuery
6 5 (2.75%) XML
7 3 (1.65%) ASP.NET MVC
7 3 (1.65%) JSP
7 3 (1.65%) Razor View Engine
7 3 (1.65%) Servlets
7 3 (1.65%) Software Packaging
7 3 (1.65%) Twitter Bootstrap
8 2 (1.10%) Oracle GoldenGate
8 2 (1.10%) Velocity
8 2 (1.10%) Web Services
Miscellaneous
1 17 (9.34%) Linux Command Line
2 12 (6.59%) Data Centre
3 9 (4.95%) Analytical Skills
4 7 (3.85%) Clustering
5 4 (2.20%) Greenfield Project
5 4 (2.20%) HP StoreVirtual
5 4 (2.20%) Public Cloud
6 3 (1.65%) SCADA
7 2 (1.10%) Hedge funds
7 2 (1.10%) Home Automation
7 2 (1.10%) Hybrid Cloud
7 2 (1.10%) Management Information System
7 2 (1.10%) NHS
7 2 (1.10%) Private Cloud
7 2 (1.10%) Self-Motivation
7 2 (1.10%) Smartphone
7 2 (1.10%) User Experience
8 1 (0.55%) Blackberry
8 1 (0.55%) Mainframe
8 1 (0.55%) Replication
Operating Systems
1 76 (41.76%) Windows
2 54 (29.67%) Linux
3 31 (17.03%) Windows Server
4 21 (11.54%) Windows 10
5 15 (8.24%) Windows 7
6 8 (4.40%) Windows Server 2008
7 4 (2.20%) Android
7 4 (2.20%) Windows Server 2012
8 3 (1.65%) Apple iOS
8 3 (1.65%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 2 (1.10%) Data ONTAP
9 2 (1.10%) Mac OS X
9 2 (1.10%) Unix
9 2 (1.10%) VMS
10 1 (0.55%) AIX
10 1 (0.55%) CentOS
10 1 (0.55%) HPUX
10 1 (0.55%) Mac OS
10 1 (0.55%) Mesosphere
10 1 (0.55%) Windows 8
Processes & Methodologies
1 82 (45.05%) DevOps
2 57 (31.32%) Agile Software Development
3 46 (25.27%) Continuous Integration
4 38 (20.88%) Configuration Management
4 38 (20.88%) Open Source
4 38 (20.88%) Test Automation
5 26 (14.29%) Microservices
6 25 (13.74%) OO
7 23 (12.64%) OOP
8 22 (12.09%) Thought Leadership
9 21 (11.54%) Migration
9 21 (11.54%) Target Operating Model
10 17 (9.34%) Infrastructure Engineering
10 17 (9.34%) Kanban
10 17 (9.34%) Project Management
10 17 (9.34%) SDLC
11 16 (8.79%) Analytics
12 15 (8.24%) ITIL
12 15 (8.24%) Use Case
13 14 (7.69%) Project Delivery
Programming Languages
1 49 (26.92%) Java
1 49 (26.92%) PowerShell
2 34 (18.68%) Python
3 28 (15.38%) C#
4 22 (12.09%) SQL
5 18 (9.89%) Bash Shell
6 16 (8.79%) Groovy
6 16 (8.79%) JavaScript
7 13 (7.14%) Shell Script
8 10 (5.49%) Ruby
9 7 (3.85%) C++
9 7 (3.85%) VB
10 4 (2.20%) TypeScript
11 3 (1.65%) Perl
11 3 (1.65%) PL/SQL
12 2 (1.10%) F#
12 2 (1.10%) ML
12 2 (1.10%) PHP
12 2 (1.10%) Scala
12 2 (1.10%) VBScript
Qualifications
1 15 (8.24%) Security Cleared
2 8 (4.40%) Degree
3 7 (3.85%) SC Cleared
4 6 (3.30%) DV Cleared
5 4 (2.20%) ITIL Certification
6 2 (1.10%) CCNA
6 2 (1.10%) Cisco Certification
6 2 (1.10%) Computer Science Degree
6 2 (1.10%) Microsoft Certification
6 2 (1.10%) PhD
7 1 (0.55%) BPSS Clearance
7 1 (0.55%) CCIE
7 1 (0.55%) Citrix Certification
7 1 (0.55%) Master's Degree
7 1 (0.55%) MCSA
7 1 (0.55%) RHCE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 4 (2.20%) Government Security Classifications
1 4 (2.20%) NCSC
2 3 (1.65%) QA
3 1 (0.55%) Data Quality
3 1 (0.55%) Disclosure Scotland
3 1 (0.55%) PCI DSS
3 1 (0.55%) SLA
System Software
1 48 (26.37%) Active Directory
2 41 (22.53%) Docker
3 24 (13.19%) VMware Infrastructure
4 12 (6.59%) Hyper-V
5 10 (5.49%) XenDesktop
6 9 (4.95%) vSphere
7 8 (4.40%) VMware ESXi
8 7 (3.85%) Virtual Desktop
9 6 (3.30%) XenApp
10 4 (2.20%) Firmware
10 4 (2.20%) Microsoft App-V
10 4 (2.20%) NFS
10 4 (2.20%) VMware Workstation
11 3 (1.65%) VMware Server
12 2 (1.10%) ISA Server
12 2 (1.10%) LXC
12 2 (1.10%) VMFS
12 2 (1.10%) VMware NSX
13 1 (0.55%) Gluster
Systems Management
1 60 (32.97%) Kubernetes
1 60 (32.97%) Puppet
2 46 (25.27%) Opscode Chef
3 37 (20.33%) Ansible
4 32 (17.58%) SCCM
5 26 (14.29%) Terraform
6 14 (7.69%) Microsoft Intune
7 9 (4.95%) Microsoft Data Protection Manager
8 5 (2.75%) Microsoft Clustering
8 5 (2.75%) SCOM
8 5 (2.75%) SCOrch
8 5 (2.75%) vCenter Server
9 3 (1.65%) Norton AntiVirus
9 3 (1.65%) QRadar
9 3 (1.65%) Symantec Enterprise Vault
9 3 (1.65%) vRealize
9 3 (1.65%) WSUS
10 2 (1.10%) Istio
10 2 (1.10%) SCVMM
10 2 (1.10%) Stealthwatch
Vendors
1 65 (35.71%) Microsoft
2 28 (15.38%) VMware
3 21 (11.54%) Citrix
4 11 (6.04%) HP
5 9 (4.95%) Cisco
6 7 (3.85%) Google
7 6 (3.30%) Ivanti
7 6 (3.30%) Oracle
7 6 (3.30%) Symantec
8 4 (2.20%) Apple
8 4 (2.20%) F5
9 3 (1.65%) 3PAR
9 3 (1.65%) Atlassian
9 3 (1.65%) CheckPoint
9 3 (1.65%) Dell Compellent
9 3 (1.65%) Lumension
9 3 (1.65%) Red Hat
9 3 (1.65%) Sitecore
9 3 (1.65%) Sophos
9 3 (1.65%) Splunk