Period
to 15 June 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Virtual Machines skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Virtual Machines over the 6 months to 15 June 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Virtual Machine (VM)
England > London
6 months to
15 Jun 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 372 327 337
Rank change year-on-year -45 +10 +79
Contract jobs citing Virtual Machines 119 85 295
As % of all contract jobs advertised in London 0.46% 0.47% 0.74%
As % of the System Software category 3.30% 3.09% 4.64%
Number of daily rates quoted 63 61 211
10th Percentile £401 £288 £394
25th Percentile £474 £375 £434
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £538 £450 £525
Median % change year-on-year +19.44% -14.29% +2.44%
75th Percentile £669 £538 £650
90th Percentile £709 £588 £713
England median daily rate £475 £475 £500
% change year-on-year - -5.00% +5.26%
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 0 11
Median hourly rate - - £36.67
England median hourly rate £54.00 £21.00 £36.67
% change year-on-year +157.14% -42.73% -22.80%

Virtual Machines is in the System Software category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for system software skills.

All System Software Skills
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for system software skills 3,607 2,748 6,351
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 14.02% 15.11% 15.85%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,667 2,044 4,639
10th Percentile £360 £244 £213
25th Percentile £450 £413 £413
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £500 £525
Median % change year-on-year +5.00% -4.76% +5.00%
75th Percentile £619 £600 £600
90th Percentile £700 £668 £675
England median daily rate £500 £475 £475
% change year-on-year +5.26% - +5.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 20 42 102
10th Percentile £15.06 £12.42 £13.00
25th Percentile £20.00 £14.59 £16.69
Median hourly rate £45.25 £20.00 £21.00
Median % change year-on-year +126.25% -4.76% +5.00%
75th Percentile £61.25 £39.43 £36.67
90th Percentile £76.03 £47.83 £47.09
England median hourly rate £18.53 £16.98 £16.62
% change year-on-year +9.13% +2.17% +3.84%

Virtual Machines
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Virtual Machines as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Virtual Machines in London

Virtual Machines
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Virtual Machines in London.

Daily rate trend for Virtual Machines in London

Virtual Machines
Daily Rate Histogram in London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Virtual Machines in London over the 6 months to 15 June 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Virtual Machines in London

Virtual Machines
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Virtual Machines in London.

Hourly rate trend for Virtual Machines in London

Virtual Machines
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Virtual Machines within the London region over the 6 months to 15 June 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London +3 18 £413 - 13
South London +29 1 £413 -21.43%
West London +4 1 £590 +147.12% 5
Virtual Machines
England

For the 6 months to 15 June 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Virtual Machines also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for Virtual Machines.

1 54 (45.38%) DevOps
2 49 (41.18%) Azure
3 43 (36.13%) Linux
4 42 (35.29%) Kubernetes
5 40 (33.61%) Windows
6 35 (29.41%) Terraform
7 32 (26.89%) Ansible
7 32 (26.89%) Finance
8 31 (26.05%) Python
9 27 (22.69%) Jenkins
10 26 (21.85%) Migration
10 26 (21.85%) AWS
11 23 (19.33%) Java
11 23 (19.33%) GCP
12 21 (17.65%) Firewall
12 21 (17.65%) Git (software)
12 21 (17.65%) Agile Software Development
13 20 (16.81%) VMware
14 19 (15.97%) Microsoft 365
15 18 (15.13%) Docker
15 18 (15.13%) Microsoft
16 17 (14.29%) Google
16 17 (14.29%) PowerShell
16 17 (14.29%) Opscode Chef
16 17 (14.29%) Windows Server
17 15 (12.61%) Social Skills
17 15 (12.61%) Node.js
17 15 (12.61%) Security Cleared
17 15 (12.61%) SC Cleared
17 15 (12.61%) DNS

Virtual Machines
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 14 (11.76%) nginx
2 9 (7.56%) Skype for Business
3 3 (2.52%) Confluence
3 3 (2.52%) IIS
3 3 (2.52%) MS Exchange
4 2 (1.68%) Elasticsearch
4 2 (1.68%) JBoss
4 2 (1.68%) SharePoint
4 2 (1.68%) Tomcat
5 1 (0.84%) Apache
Business Applications
1 3 (2.52%) Sentinel
2 1 (0.84%) Oracle ERP
Cloud Services
1 49 (41.18%) Azure
2 26 (21.85%) AWS
3 23 (19.33%) GCP
4 19 (15.97%) Microsoft 365
5 14 (11.76%) npm
6 13 (10.92%) IaaS
7 11 (9.24%) PaaS
8 10 (8.40%) Azure Active Directory
9 9 (7.56%) dbt
10 8 (6.72%) Azure Data Factory
11 6 (5.04%) Azure Service Bus
12 5 (4.20%) Amazon EKS
12 5 (4.20%) Azure Key Vault
13 3 (2.52%) AWS CodeBuild
13 3 (2.52%) AWS CodeDeploy
13 3 (2.52%) Azure ExpressRoute
13 3 (2.52%) GitHub
13 3 (2.52%) Mimecast
13 3 (2.52%) Serverless
14 2 (1.68%) Amazon ELB
Communications & Networking
1 21 (17.65%) Firewall
2 15 (12.61%) DNS
3 11 (9.24%) Internet
4 10 (8.40%) WAN
5 9 (7.56%) Ethernet
5 9 (7.56%) LAN
5 9 (7.56%) Skype
5 9 (7.56%) Unified Communications
6 7 (5.88%) VPN
7 6 (5.04%) Network Security
8 4 (3.36%) VSAN
9 3 (2.52%) Cisco ASA
9 3 (2.52%) IPv4
9 3 (2.52%) SSL
9 3 (2.52%) TCP/IP
9 3 (2.52%) VoIP
10 2 (1.68%) DSL
10 2 (1.68%) HTTP
11 1 (0.84%) DHCP
11 1 (0.84%) iSCSI
Database & Business Intelligence
1 10 (8.40%) BigQuery
2 8 (6.72%) SQL Server
3 4 (3.36%) Azure SQL Database
4 3 (2.52%) MariaDB
5 2 (1.68%) Amazon RDS
5 2 (1.68%) NoSQL
5 2 (1.68%) Oracle Database
5 2 (1.68%) Power BI
5 2 (1.68%) SAP HANA
6 1 (0.84%) MySQL
6 1 (0.84%) PostgreSQL
6 1 (0.84%) PowerCenter
6 1 (0.84%) SAP BW
6 1 (0.84%) SQL Server Integration Services
6 1 (0.84%) Star Schema
Development Applications
1 27 (22.69%) Jenkins
2 21 (17.65%) Git (software)
3 13 (10.92%) Gradle
3 13 (10.92%) gulp
3 13 (10.92%) Maven
4 11 (9.24%) CircleCI
4 11 (9.24%) Travis CI
5 6 (5.04%) GitLab
6 4 (3.36%) JIRA
6 4 (3.36%) SonarQube
7 3 (2.52%) Bitbucket
8 2 (1.68%) Jasmine
8 2 (1.68%) JUnit
8 2 (1.68%) Subversion
9 1 (0.84%) MSBuild
9 1 (0.84%) Postman
9 1 (0.84%) SoapUI
9 1 (0.84%) Visual Studio
General
1 32 (26.89%) Finance
2 15 (12.61%) Social Skills
3 6 (5.04%) Analytical Skills
3 6 (5.04%) Banking
4 5 (4.20%) Influencing Skills
5 4 (3.36%) Organisational Skills
5 4 (3.36%) Telecoms
6 3 (2.52%) Legal
7 2 (1.68%) Law
7 2 (1.68%) Pharmaceutical
7 2 (1.68%) Retail
8 1 (0.84%) Billing
8 1 (0.84%) Documentation Skills
8 1 (0.84%) Investment Banking
8 1 (0.84%) Presentation Skills
8 1 (0.84%) Public Sector
Job Titles
1 35 (29.41%) DevOps Engineer
2 21 (17.65%) Architect
3 16 (13.45%) Azure Engineer
4 12 (10.08%) Kubernetes Engineer
5 11 (9.24%) Azure Architect
6 10 (8.40%) Azure DevOps Engineer
7 9 (7.56%) Voice Engineer
8 8 (6.72%) Developer
8 8 (6.72%) Technical Architect
9 7 (5.88%) Azure DevOps
10 6 (5.04%) AWS DevOps
10 6 (5.04%) AWS DevOps Engineer
10 6 (5.04%) AWS Engineer
10 6 (5.04%) Cloud Architect
11 5 (4.20%) Infrastructure Engineer
11 5 (4.20%) Lead DevOps
12 4 (3.36%) Build Engineer
12 4 (3.36%) Consultant
12 4 (3.36%) Security Architect
13 3 (2.52%) VMware Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 15 (12.61%) Node.js
2 8 (6.72%) Web Services
3 4 (3.36%) .NET
3 4 (3.36%) Kafka
4 3 (2.52%) AngularJS
4 3 (2.52%) Elastic Stack
4 3 (2.52%) JSON
4 3 (2.52%) React
4 3 (2.52%) RESTful
5 2 (1.68%) Django
5 2 (1.68%) HTML
5 2 (1.68%) HTML5
5 2 (1.68%) JDBC
5 2 (1.68%) Middleware
5 2 (1.68%) ODBC
5 2 (1.68%) REST
5 2 (1.68%) XML
5 2 (1.68%) YAML
6 1 (0.84%) CSS3
6 1 (0.84%) Laravel
Miscellaneous
1 10 (8.40%) Self-Motivation
1 10 (8.40%) Video Conferencing
2 9 (7.56%) Data Centre
2 9 (7.56%) Tandem
3 6 (5.04%) Clustering
3 6 (5.04%) Public Cloud
4 5 (4.20%) Hybrid Cloud
5 4 (3.36%) Cloud Native
6 3 (2.52%) Enterprise Cloud
6 3 (2.52%) Enterprise Software
6 3 (2.52%) Linux Command Line
6 3 (2.52%) Management Information System
6 3 (2.52%) Mobile App
6 3 (2.52%) Private Cloud
6 3 (2.52%) Replication
7 2 (1.68%) CESG
7 2 (1.68%) HACMP
7 2 (1.68%) PKI
7 2 (1.68%) PMI
7 2 (1.68%) Thin Client
Operating Systems
1 43 (36.13%) Linux
2 40 (33.61%) Windows
3 17 (14.29%) Windows Server
4 12 (10.08%) Windows Server 2008
5 8 (6.72%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 6 (5.04%) VMS
6 6 (5.04%) Windows Server 2016
6 6 (5.04%) Windows Server 2019
7 5 (4.20%) Windows Server 2012
8 3 (2.52%) Windows 10
9 2 (1.68%) AIX
9 2 (1.68%) Android
9 2 (1.68%) HPUX
9 2 (1.68%) Mac OS
9 2 (1.68%) Solaris
9 2 (1.68%) Unix
9 2 (1.68%) Windows 7
10 1 (0.84%) CentOS
10 1 (0.84%) SUSE
10 1 (0.84%) Ubuntu
Processes & Methodologies
1 54 (45.38%) DevOps
2 26 (21.85%) Migration
3 21 (17.65%) Agile Software Development
4 14 (11.76%) Problem-Solving
5 13 (10.92%) Capacity Planning
5 13 (10.92%) Open Source
6 11 (9.24%) Asset Management
6 11 (9.24%) Configuration Management
6 11 (9.24%) High Availability
6 11 (9.24%) Mentoring
6 11 (9.24%) Resource Management
7 10 (8.40%) Infrastructure as Code
7 10 (8.40%) Microservices
8 9 (7.56%) Analytics
8 9 (7.56%) Collaborative Working
8 9 (7.56%) Infrastructure Engineering
9 7 (5.88%) ITIL
10 6 (5.04%) Release Management
10 6 (5.04%) Software Engineering
11 5 (4.20%) User Acceptance Testing
Programming Languages
1 31 (26.05%) Python
2 23 (19.33%) Java
3 17 (14.29%) PowerShell
4 13 (10.92%) Groovy
4 13 (10.92%) SQL
5 9 (7.56%) Bash Shell
6 4 (3.36%) C#
7 3 (2.52%) Ruby
7 3 (2.52%) Shell Script
7 3 (2.52%) VBScript
8 2 (1.68%) C
8 2 (1.68%) C++
8 2 (1.68%) JavaScript
8 2 (1.68%) PHP
9 1 (0.84%) ES6
9 1 (0.84%) Go
9 1 (0.84%) Perl
9 1 (0.84%) PL/SQL
9 1 (0.84%) TypeScript
9 1 (0.84%) VB
Qualifications
1 15 (12.61%) SC Cleared
1 15 (12.61%) Security Cleared
2 8 (6.72%) Degree
3 4 (3.36%) Cisco Certification
4 3 (2.52%) (ISC)2 CCSP
4 3 (2.52%) CISM
4 3 (2.52%) CISSP
4 3 (2.52%) DV Cleared
4 3 (2.52%) ITIL Certification
4 3 (2.52%) PMP
5 2 (1.68%) MCSE
5 2 (1.68%) Microsoft Certification
5 2 (1.68%) PMI Certification
5 2 (1.68%) VCAP
6 1 (0.84%) CCNP
6 1 (0.84%) Computer Science Degree
6 1 (0.84%) ISTQB
6 1 (0.84%) Master's Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 7 (5.88%) QA
2 2 (1.68%) Government Security Classifications
2 2 (1.68%) HMG Security Policy Framework
System Software
1 18 (15.13%) Docker
2 14 (11.76%) Active Directory
2 14 (11.76%) VMware Infrastructure
3 9 (7.56%) Hyper-V
4 8 (6.72%) VMware NSX
5 7 (5.88%) vSphere
6 5 (4.20%) VMware ESXi
7 3 (2.52%) vCloud
8 2 (1.68%) GPFS
8 2 (1.68%) NFS
8 2 (1.68%) Oracle RAC
8 2 (1.68%) Platform Symphony
8 2 (1.68%) Veritas Cluster Server
8 2 (1.68%) Virtual Desktop
8 2 (1.68%) Virtual Servers
9 1 (0.84%) BitLocker
9 1 (0.84%) Microsoft App-V
9 1 (0.84%) OpenAM
9 1 (0.84%) XenApp
9 1 (0.84%) XenDesktop
Systems Management
1 42 (35.29%) Kubernetes
2 35 (29.41%) Terraform
3 32 (26.89%) Ansible
4 17 (14.29%) Opscode Chef
5 12 (10.08%) Istio
6 9 (7.56%) Argo
6 9 (7.56%) Cisco CUCM
6 9 (7.56%) Puppet
7 8 (6.72%) vRealize Orchestrator
8 6 (5.04%) SCCM
8 6 (5.04%) vCenter Server
8 6 (5.04%) vRealize
9 4 (3.36%) Microsoft Clustering
9 4 (3.36%) Microsoft Intune
9 4 (3.36%) Packer
9 4 (3.36%) SCOM
10 2 (1.68%) Galera Cluster
10 2 (1.68%) Kustomize
10 2 (1.68%) WSUS
11 1 (0.84%) WMI
Vendors
1 20 (16.81%) VMware
2 18 (15.13%) Microsoft
3 17 (14.29%) Google
4 9 (7.56%) CheckPoint
4 9 (7.56%) Sonus
5 8 (6.72%) SAP
6 7 (5.88%) Cisco
6 7 (5.88%) HP
6 7 (5.88%) Palo Alto
7 6 (5.04%) Oracle
8 4 (3.36%) Fortinet
8 4 (3.36%) Splunk
9 3 (2.52%) Atlassian
9 3 (2.52%) Confluent
9 3 (2.52%) Databricks
9 3 (2.52%) Foundry
9 3 (2.52%) IBM
10 2 (1.68%) NetApp
10 2 (1.68%) Red Hat
10 2 (1.68%) Salesforce.com