Period
to 4 April 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Virtual Machines skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Virtual Machines over the 6 months to 4 April 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Virtual Machine (VM)
England > London
6 months to
4 Apr 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 333 338 436
Rank change year-on-year +5 +98 -48
Contract jobs citing Virtual Machines 134 302 218
As % of all contract jobs advertised in London 0.53% 0.71% 0.47%
As % of the System Software category 3.61% 4.54% 3.57%
Number of daily rates quoted 98 231 145
Median daily rate £470 £525 £485
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -10.48% +8.25% -3.00%
10th Percentile £321 £400 £218
90th Percentile £625 £713 £625
England median daily rate £471 £500 £475
% change year-on-year -5.85% +5.26% +5.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 3 12 19
Median hourly rate £35.00 £36.67 £47.83
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -4.55% -23.33% -
England median hourly rate £28.75 £36.34 £47.83
% change year-on-year -20.88% -24.03% +73.93%

Virtual Machines is in the System Software category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for system software skills.

All System Software Skills
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for system software skills 3,716 6,648 6,103
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 14.76% 15.63% 13.11%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,644 4,812 4,503
Median daily rate £500 £525 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -4.76% +5.00% +8.11%
10th Percentile £200 £210 £200
90th Percentile £666 £675 £638
England median daily rate £453 £475 £450
% change year-on-year -4.74% +5.56% +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 111 121 156
Median hourly rate £20.00 £21.00 £20.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -4.76% +5.00% +5.26%
10th Percentile £12.44 £13.50 £11.90
90th Percentile £40.75 £47.09 £47.83
Median hourly rate £17.50 £16.10 £16.00
% change year-on-year +8.68% +0.64% -

Virtual Machines
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Virtual Machines as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Virtual Machines in London

Virtual Machines
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Virtual Machines in London.

Daily rate trend for Virtual Machines in London

Virtual Machines
Daily Rate Histogram in London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Virtual Machines in London over the 6 months to 4 April 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Virtual Machines in London

Virtual Machines
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Virtual Machines in London.

Hourly rate trend for Virtual Machines in London

Virtual Machines
Hourly Rate Histogram in London

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Virtual Machines in London over the 6 months to 4 April 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for Virtual Machines in London

Virtual Machines
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Virtual Machines within the London region over the 6 months to 4 April 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London +60 19 £425 -19.05% 10
South London +23 6 £550 +11.11% 1
West London +38 5 £425 -12.82% 4
East London +57 4 £400 -33.33% 3
North London - 2 £500 -
Virtual Machines
England

For the 6 months to 4 April 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Virtual Machines also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for Virtual Machines.

1 57 (42.54%) Windows
2 50 (37.31%) Azure
3 42 (31.34%) Active Directory
4 40 (29.85%) Linux
5 38 (28.36%) Windows Server
6 37 (27.61%) VMware Infrastructure
6 37 (27.61%) VMware
7 36 (26.87%) Security Cleared
8 35 (26.12%) SC Cleared
8 35 (26.12%) SQL
9 33 (24.63%) Python
10 31 (23.13%) Microsoft
10 31 (23.13%) VPN
10 31 (23.13%) Puppet
10 31 (23.13%) DevOps
11 30 (22.39%) Ansible
12 29 (21.64%) SQL Server
13 28 (20.90%) PowerShell
13 28 (20.90%) Hyper-V
14 27 (20.15%) AWS
14 27 (20.15%) Migration
15 26 (19.40%) Agile Software Development
15 26 (19.40%) Docker
16 25 (18.66%) C#
17 24 (17.91%) Git (software)
18 23 (17.16%) DV Cleared
18 23 (17.16%) Finance
19 22 (16.42%) Bash Shell
19 22 (16.42%) Azure SQL Database
20 21 (15.67%) Jenkins

Virtual Machines
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 10 (7.46%) IIS
1 10 (7.46%) MS Exchange
2 9 (6.72%) Exchange Server 2010
3 4 (2.99%) Cloud Foundry
3 4 (2.99%) Confluence
3 4 (2.99%) nginx
3 4 (2.99%) SharePoint
4 2 (1.49%) CMS
4 2 (1.49%) Elasticsearch
5 1 (0.75%) Exchange Server 2013
5 1 (0.75%) SharePoint 2013
5 1 (0.75%) Sitecore CMS
5 1 (0.75%) Skype for Business
5 1 (0.75%) Umbraco
5 1 (0.75%) WebLogic
5 1 (0.75%) WordPress
Applications
1 1 (0.75%) Adobe Creative Suite
1 1 (0.75%) Microsoft Excel
1 1 (0.75%) Microsoft Office
Business Applications
1 2 (1.49%) Dynamics CRM
2 1 (0.75%) Actimize
Cloud Services
1 50 (37.31%) Azure
2 27 (20.15%) AWS
3 20 (14.93%) Azure Active Directory
4 17 (12.69%) PaaS
5 16 (11.94%) Azure Data Factory
6 13 (9.70%) Amazon EC2
7 12 (8.96%) IaaS
7 12 (8.96%) Office 365
8 11 (8.21%) Serverless
9 9 (6.72%) Azure Functions
10 7 (5.22%) Data Lake Analytics
11 5 (3.73%) npm
11 5 (3.73%) OpenShift
12 4 (2.99%) Amazon CloudWatch
12 4 (2.99%) AWS CloudFormation
12 4 (2.99%) AWS CodePipeline
12 4 (2.99%) GitHub
13 2 (1.49%) Azure Stack
14 1 (0.75%) Azure ExpressRoute
14 1 (0.75%) Power Platform
Communications & Networking
1 31 (23.13%) VPN
2 21 (15.67%) DNS
3 14 (10.45%) DHCP
4 12 (8.96%) SAN
5 11 (8.21%) Network Security
6 10 (7.46%) Internet
7 9 (6.72%) Firewall
8 7 (5.22%) iSCSI
8 7 (5.22%) VSAN
9 6 (4.48%) IPv4
10 4 (2.99%) Cisco IOS
10 4 (2.99%) DMZ
10 4 (2.99%) Ethernet
10 4 (2.99%) LAN
10 4 (2.99%) SNMP
10 4 (2.99%) SSL
10 4 (2.99%) TACACS
10 4 (2.99%) TCP/IP
10 4 (2.99%) WAN
10 4 (2.99%) WLAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 29 (21.64%) SQL Server
2 22 (16.42%) Azure SQL Database
3 16 (11.94%) Data Lake
4 14 (10.45%) Amazon RDS
5 12 (8.96%) PostgreSQL
6 9 (6.72%) Azure SQL Data Warehouse
6 9 (6.72%) Data Warehouse
6 9 (6.72%) Snowflake Schema
6 9 (6.72%) SQL Server Analysis Services
7 8 (5.97%) Microsoft Analysis Services
8 6 (4.48%) Oracle Reports
9 4 (2.99%) Oracle Database
10 2 (1.49%) Big Data
10 2 (1.49%) SQL Server 2012
10 2 (1.49%) SQL Server 2016
11 1 (0.75%) MongoDB
11 1 (0.75%) MySQL
11 1 (0.75%) MySQL Workbench
11 1 (0.75%) NoSQL
11 1 (0.75%) Power BI
Development Applications
1 24 (17.91%) Git (software)
2 21 (15.67%) Jenkins
3 15 (11.19%) GitLab
4 8 (5.97%) gulp
4 8 (5.97%) Subversion
5 6 (4.48%) CircleCI
5 6 (4.48%) SonarQube
6 5 (3.73%) JIRA
6 5 (3.73%) Maven
6 5 (3.73%) Team Foundation Server
7 4 (2.99%) Bitbucket
7 4 (2.99%) Gradle
7 4 (2.99%) Grunt
7 4 (2.99%) Octopus Deploy
7 4 (2.99%) Travis CI
8 3 (2.24%) Jasmine
8 3 (2.24%) Karma Test Runner
8 3 (2.24%) Protractor
8 3 (2.24%) Visual Studio Team System
8 3 (2.24%) webpack
General
1 23 (17.16%) Finance
2 11 (8.21%) Banking
3 10 (7.46%) Telecoms
4 9 (6.72%) Retail
5 7 (5.22%) Public Sector
6 3 (2.24%) Financial Institution
7 2 (1.49%) Advertising
7 2 (1.49%) Manufacturing
7 2 (1.49%) Marketing
8 1 (0.75%) Automotive
8 1 (0.75%) Electronics
8 1 (0.75%) Investment Banking
8 1 (0.75%) Legal
8 1 (0.75%) Police
8 1 (0.75%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 20 (14.93%) DevOps Engineer
2 18 (13.43%) Azure Engineer
3 17 (12.69%) Developer
4 9 (6.72%) Data Engineer
4 9 (6.72%) Technical Support
5 8 (5.97%) Azure Developer
5 8 (5.97%) C# Developer
6 7 (5.22%) Administrator
6 7 (5.22%) Cloud Engineer
6 7 (5.22%) Consultant
6 7 (5.22%) Linux Engineer
6 7 (5.22%) Support Engineer
7 6 (4.48%) Azure DevOps
7 6 (4.48%) Azure DevOps Engineer
7 6 (4.48%) Project Manager
7 6 (4.48%) Support Officer
7 6 (4.48%) Systems Engineer
7 6 (4.48%) Technical Support Officer
7 6 (4.48%) VMware Engineer
8 5 (3.73%) Unix Systems Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 18 (13.43%) Elastic Stack
2 15 (11.19%) .NET
3 7 (5.22%) Node.js
4 5 (3.73%) HTML
4 5 (3.73%) Web Services
5 4 (2.99%) AngularJS
5 4 (2.99%) CSS
6 3 (2.24%) Ajax
6 3 (2.24%) Angular 2
6 3 (2.24%) jQuery
6 3 (2.24%) Kendo UI
6 3 (2.24%) LESS
6 3 (2.24%) Middleware
6 3 (2.24%) RESTful
6 3 (2.24%) Vue.js
6 3 (2.24%) YAML
7 2 (1.49%) ASP.NET
8 1 (0.75%) ASP.NET MVC
8 1 (0.75%) Razor View Engine
8 1 (0.75%) REST
Miscellaneous
1 16 (11.94%) Data Centre
2 15 (11.19%) Analytical Skills
3 8 (5.97%) HP StoreVirtual
4 6 (4.48%) Hybrid Cloud
5 5 (3.73%) Management Information System
6 4 (2.99%) Hedge funds
6 4 (2.99%) Linux Command Line
7 3 (2.24%) Analytical Mindset
7 3 (2.24%) CCTV
7 3 (2.24%) FMCG
7 3 (2.24%) Greenfield Project
7 3 (2.24%) Replication
7 3 (2.24%) RIA
8 2 (1.49%) Blackberry
8 2 (1.49%) Mobile App
8 2 (1.49%) User Experience
8 2 (1.49%) Video\Live Streaming
9 1 (0.75%) Client/Server
9 1 (0.75%) Enterprise Software
9 1 (0.75%) NHS
Operating Systems
1 57 (42.54%) Windows
2 40 (29.85%) Linux
3 38 (28.36%) Windows Server
4 20 (14.93%) Windows 10
5 16 (11.94%) Windows Server 2008
6 14 (10.45%) Ubuntu
7 11 (8.21%) Unix
7 11 (8.21%) Windows Server 2012
8 10 (7.46%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 7 (5.22%) Solaris
10 5 (3.73%) Windows 7
11 4 (2.99%) Windows Server 2016
12 3 (2.24%) CentOS
13 2 (1.49%) Android
13 2 (1.49%) DC/OS
13 2 (1.49%) Mac OS
13 2 (1.49%) VMS
13 2 (1.49%) Windows Server 2019
14 1 (0.75%) Mac OS X
14 1 (0.75%) Windows Server 2003
Processes & Methodologies
1 31 (23.13%) DevOps
2 27 (20.15%) Migration
3 26 (19.40%) Agile Software Development
4 21 (15.67%) Configuration Management
4 21 (15.67%) ITIL
5 17 (12.69%) Analytics
5 17 (12.69%) High Availability
6 16 (11.94%) Problem-Solving
6 16 (11.94%) Scrum
7 14 (10.45%) Test Automation
8 12 (8.96%) Data Protection
8 12 (8.96%) Security Hardening
8 12 (8.96%) Server Management
9 11 (8.21%) Infrastructure as Code
10 10 (7.46%) Business Intelligence
10 10 (7.46%) Mentoring
11 9 (6.72%) ETL
11 9 (6.72%) Kimball Methodology
11 9 (6.72%) Patch Management
12 8 (5.97%) E-Commerce
Programming Languages
1 35 (26.12%) SQL
2 33 (24.63%) Python
3 28 (20.90%) PowerShell
4 25 (18.66%) C#
5 22 (16.42%) Bash Shell
6 15 (11.19%) Java
7 12 (8.96%) Shell Script
8 7 (5.22%) Groovy
8 7 (5.22%) Perl
9 6 (4.48%) C
9 6 (4.48%) JavaScript
10 3 (2.24%) PL/SQL
11 2 (1.49%) C++
11 2 (1.49%) Go
12 1 (0.75%) Apple Swift
12 1 (0.75%) Korn
12 1 (0.75%) Kotlin
12 1 (0.75%) PHP
12 1 (0.75%) VBA
12 1 (0.75%) VBScript
Qualifications
1 36 (26.87%) Security Cleared
2 35 (26.12%) SC Cleared
3 23 (17.16%) DV Cleared
4 10 (7.46%) Microsoft Certification
5 9 (6.72%) ITIL Certification
6 6 (4.48%) MCSA
7 3 (2.24%) BC Cleared
8 2 (1.49%) A+ Certification
8 2 (1.49%) ACSP
8 2 (1.49%) Degree
8 2 (1.49%) MCITP
8 2 (1.49%) MCTS
8 2 (1.49%) Network+ Certification
9 1 (0.75%) CompTIA Security+
9 1 (0.75%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
9 1 (0.75%) Novell Certification
9 1 (0.75%) OCA
9 1 (0.75%) OCP
9 1 (0.75%) Oracle Certification
9 1 (0.75%) RHCE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 8 (5.97%) Government Security Classifications
2 7 (5.22%) NCSC
2 7 (5.22%) SLA
3 5 (3.73%) QA
4 4 (2.99%) HMG Security Policy Framework
System Software
1 42 (31.34%) Active Directory
2 37 (27.61%) VMware Infrastructure
3 28 (20.90%) Hyper-V
4 26 (19.40%) Docker
5 9 (6.72%) vSphere
6 7 (5.22%) NFS
6 7 (5.22%) VMware ESXi
7 6 (4.48%) Squid
7 6 (4.48%) VMFS
7 6 (4.48%) VMware NSX
8 2 (1.49%) Microsoft App-V
8 2 (1.49%) VirtualBox
8 2 (1.49%) XenApp
8 2 (1.49%) XenDesktop
9 1 (0.75%) Virtual Desktop
9 1 (0.75%) VMware Server
Systems Management
1 31 (23.13%) Puppet
2 30 (22.39%) Ansible
3 20 (14.93%) Terraform
4 17 (12.69%) Opscode Chef
5 16 (11.94%) Kubernetes
6 12 (8.96%) Host Intrusion Detection System
6 12 (8.96%) Network Intrusion Detection System
7 11 (8.21%) Microsoft Data Protection Manager
8 7 (5.22%) SCCM
9 6 (4.48%) Cacti
9 6 (4.48%) Nagios
9 6 (4.48%) Opsview
9 6 (4.48%) Red Hat Satellite
9 6 (4.48%) vCenter Server
9 6 (4.48%) vMotion
9 6 (4.48%) vRealize
10 5 (3.73%) Norton AntiVirus
10 5 (3.73%) SCVMM
10 5 (3.73%) WSUS
11 4 (2.99%) Microsoft Intune
Vendors
1 37 (27.61%) VMware
2 31 (23.13%) Microsoft
3 13 (9.70%) Oracle
4 11 (8.21%) Splunk
5 10 (7.46%) HP
6 8 (5.97%) Databricks
6 8 (5.97%) Red Hat
7 7 (5.22%) CheckPoint
7 7 (5.22%) Cisco
7 7 (5.22%) Symantec
8 6 (4.48%) IBM
8 6 (4.48%) Lumension
8 6 (4.48%) Sophos
8 6 (4.48%) Sybase
9 5 (3.73%) Citrix
10 3 (2.24%) Apple
10 3 (2.24%) NetApp
10 3 (2.24%) ServiceNow
11 2 (1.49%) AppDynamics
11 2 (1.49%) New Relic