Period
to 7 March 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Virtual Machines skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Virtual Machines over the 6 months to 7 March 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Virtual Machine (VM)
England > London
6 months to
7 Mar 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 314 341 355
Rank change year-on-year +27 +14 +101
Contract jobs citing Virtual Machines 104 147 282
As % of all contract jobs advertised in London 0.52% 0.54% 0.66%
As % of the System Software category 3.80% 3.68% 4.15%
Number of daily rates quoted 74 110 226
Median daily rate £515 £475 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +8.42% -5.00% -
10th Percentile £345 £386 £361
90th Percentile £675 £625 £675
England median daily rate £500 £475 £489
% change year-on-year +5.26% -2.81% +2.89%
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 1 10
Median hourly rate - £12.00 £36.67
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - -67.28% -23.33%
England median hourly rate £44.00 £21.75 £36.67
% change year-on-year +102.30% -40.69% -23.33%

Virtual Machines is in the System Software category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for system software skills.

All System Software Skills
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for system software skills 2,737 3,993 6,788
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 13.76% 14.66% 15.78%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,006 2,978 4,994
Median daily rate £513 £500 £525
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.50% -4.76% +5.00%
10th Percentile £314 £199 £205
90th Percentile £700 £675 £675
England median daily rate £475 £450 £475
% change year-on-year +5.56% -5.26% +5.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 24 90 124
Median hourly rate £23.00 £18.35 £20.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +25.34% -8.25% -
10th Percentile £12.56 £12.44 £12.75
90th Percentile £60.00 £34.19 £46.99
Median hourly rate £17.50 £16.50 £16.00
% change year-on-year +6.06% +3.13% +0.88%

Virtual Machines
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Virtual Machines as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Virtual Machines in London

Virtual Machines
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Virtual Machines in London.

Daily rate trend for Virtual Machines in London

Virtual Machines
Daily Rate Histogram in London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Virtual Machines in London over the 6 months to 7 March 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Virtual Machines in London

Virtual Machines
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Virtual Machines in London.

Hourly rate trend for Virtual Machines in London

Virtual Machines
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Virtual Machines within the London region over the 6 months to 7 March 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London +66 22 £500 +9.59% 11
South London +44 2 £425 -22.73%
Virtual Machines
England

For the 6 months to 7 March 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Virtual Machines also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for Virtual Machines.

1 40 (38.46%) DevOps
2 37 (35.58%) Windows
3 34 (32.69%) Linux
3 34 (32.69%) Kubernetes
4 29 (27.88%) Azure
5 26 (25.00%) Terraform
6 25 (24.04%) Python
7 23 (22.12%) Jenkins
8 22 (21.15%) GCP
8 22 (21.15%) Docker
8 22 (21.15%) Git (software)
9 21 (20.19%) VMware
10 20 (19.23%) Java
11 19 (18.27%) AWS
11 19 (18.27%) Ansible
12 18 (17.31%) Mentoring
12 18 (17.31%) Windows Server
12 18 (17.31%) Security Cleared
12 18 (17.31%) SC Cleared
12 18 (17.31%) Migration
13 17 (16.35%) Finance
13 17 (16.35%) DNS
13 17 (16.35%) Google
13 17 (16.35%) PowerShell
13 17 (16.35%) Node.js
14 16 (15.38%) Hyper-V
14 16 (15.38%) Microsoft
14 16 (15.38%) Active Directory
14 16 (15.38%) Firewall
15 15 (14.42%) Opscode Chef

Virtual Machines
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 13 (12.50%) nginx
2 10 (9.62%) IIS
3 8 (7.69%) MS Exchange
4 6 (5.77%) Cloud Foundry
4 6 (5.77%) Elasticsearch
5 5 (4.81%) Exchange Server 2010
6 4 (3.85%) CMS
7 3 (2.88%) JBoss
7 3 (2.88%) Skype for Business
7 3 (2.88%) Tomcat
8 2 (1.92%) Confluence
8 2 (1.92%) SharePoint
9 1 (0.96%) Apache Spark
9 1 (0.96%) Jupyter
9 1 (0.96%) OpenStack
Business Applications
1 1 (0.96%) Oracle Applications
1 1 (0.96%) SAP Oil and Gas
1 1 (0.96%) SAP S/4HANA
1 1 (0.96%) Sentinel
Cloud Services
1 29 (27.88%) Azure
2 22 (21.15%) GCP
3 19 (18.27%) AWS
4 14 (13.46%) npm
5 12 (11.54%) Microsoft 365
5 12 (11.54%) PaaS
6 6 (5.77%) Azure Active Directory
6 6 (5.77%) IaaS
7 4 (3.85%) Azure Data Factory
8 3 (2.88%) Amazon CloudWatch
8 3 (2.88%) AWS CloudFormation
8 3 (2.88%) AWS CodePipeline
8 3 (2.88%) OpenShift
9 2 (1.92%) Amazon EKS
9 2 (1.92%) AWS CodeBuild
9 2 (1.92%) AWS CodeDeploy
9 2 (1.92%) Azure ExpressRoute
10 1 (0.96%) Azure Functions
10 1 (0.96%) Serverless
10 1 (0.96%) Virtual Private Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 17 (16.35%) DNS
2 16 (15.38%) Firewall
3 8 (7.69%) DHCP
4 7 (6.73%) Ethernet
4 7 (6.73%) IPv4
4 7 (6.73%) LAN
4 7 (6.73%) Network Security
4 7 (6.73%) SAN
4 7 (6.73%) Skype
4 7 (6.73%) Unified Communications
4 7 (6.73%) WAN
5 5 (4.81%) Internet
6 4 (3.85%) H.323
6 4 (3.85%) Telepresence
6 4 (3.85%) VPN
7 3 (2.88%) Cisco ASA
7 3 (2.88%) VoIP
7 3 (2.88%) VSAN
8 2 (1.92%) Fibre Channel
8 2 (1.92%) iSCSI
Database & Business Intelligence
1 12 (11.54%) BigQuery
2 11 (10.58%) SQL Server
3 5 (4.81%) Big Data
4 4 (3.85%) Azure SQL Database
5 3 (2.88%) MariaDB
5 3 (2.88%) Oracle Database
6 2 (1.92%) SAP HANA
6 2 (1.92%) SQL Server Integration Services
7 1 (0.96%) Apache Hive
7 1 (0.96%) Hadoop
7 1 (0.96%) HBase
7 1 (0.96%) MongoDB
7 1 (0.96%) MySQL
7 1 (0.96%) Oracle Database 10g
7 1 (0.96%) Oracle Database 12c
7 1 (0.96%) SQL Server Analysis Services
7 1 (0.96%) SQL Server Reporting Services
Development Applications
1 23 (22.12%) Jenkins
2 22 (21.15%) Git (software)
3 14 (13.46%) Gradle
3 14 (13.46%) Maven
4 13 (12.50%) CircleCI
4 13 (12.50%) gulp
4 13 (12.50%) Travis CI
5 3 (2.88%) GitLab
5 3 (2.88%) JIRA
5 3 (2.88%) SonarQube
5 3 (2.88%) Subversion
6 2 (1.92%) Bitbucket
6 2 (1.92%) MSI
7 1 (0.96%) Gerrit
General
1 17 (16.35%) Finance
2 5 (4.81%) Banking
3 4 (3.85%) Telecoms
4 3 (2.88%) Aerospace
4 3 (2.88%) Law
5 2 (1.92%) Legal
6 1 (0.96%) Billing
6 1 (0.96%) Financial Institution
6 1 (0.96%) Manufacturing
Job Titles
1 26 (25.00%) DevOps Engineer
2 13 (12.50%) Architect
3 10 (9.62%) Azure Engineer
3 10 (9.62%) Kubernetes Engineer
4 6 (5.77%) Cloud Architect
4 6 (5.77%) Consultant
4 6 (5.77%) VMware Engineer
5 5 (4.81%) Azure DevOps Engineer
5 5 (4.81%) Systems Administrator
5 5 (4.81%) Technical Support
6 4 (3.85%) Administrator
6 4 (3.85%) Azure Architect
6 4 (3.85%) Support Officer
6 4 (3.85%) Technical Support Officer
7 3 (2.88%) 3rd Line Support
7 3 (2.88%) Desktop Support
7 3 (2.88%) Developer
7 3 (2.88%) Support Engineer
7 3 (2.88%) Technical Architect
7 3 (2.88%) Voice Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 17 (16.35%) Node.js
2 4 (3.85%) Elastic Stack
2 4 (3.85%) WebRTC
3 3 (2.88%) AngularJS
3 3 (2.88%) XML
3 3 (2.88%) YAML
4 2 (1.92%) JDBC
4 2 (1.92%) Kafka
4 2 (1.92%) Middleware
4 2 (1.92%) ODBC
4 2 (1.92%) React
4 2 (1.92%) Web Services
5 1 (0.96%) .NET
5 1 (0.96%) JSON
5 1 (0.96%) Laravel
5 1 (0.96%) Spring
Miscellaneous
1 11 (10.58%) Data Centre
2 8 (7.69%) Analytical Skills
3 7 (6.73%) Tandem
3 7 (6.73%) Video Conferencing
4 5 (4.81%) HP StoreVirtual
4 5 (4.81%) iPad
5 4 (3.85%) Enterprise Cloud
5 4 (3.85%) Linux Command Line
5 4 (3.85%) Management Information System
5 4 (3.85%) Private Cloud
5 4 (3.85%) Self-Motivation
6 3 (2.88%) Hybrid Cloud
7 2 (1.92%) CESG
7 2 (1.92%) Cloud Native
7 2 (1.92%) Clustering
7 2 (1.92%) Fat Client
7 2 (1.92%) HACMP
7 2 (1.92%) Replication
7 2 (1.92%) Thin Client
8 1 (0.96%) CMDB
Operating Systems
1 37 (35.58%) Windows
2 34 (32.69%) Linux
3 18 (17.31%) Windows Server
4 12 (11.54%) Windows Server 2008
5 10 (9.62%) Windows 10
6 7 (6.73%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 6 (5.77%) Windows Server 2016
7 6 (5.77%) Windows Server 2019
8 5 (4.81%) VMS
8 5 (4.81%) Windows Server 2012
9 4 (3.85%) Unix
10 2 (1.92%) AIX
10 2 (1.92%) HPUX
10 2 (1.92%) Solaris
10 2 (1.92%) Windows 7
11 1 (0.96%) Mac OS
11 1 (0.96%) Oracle Linux
11 1 (0.96%) Ubuntu
Processes & Methodologies
1 40 (38.46%) DevOps
2 18 (17.31%) Mentoring
2 18 (17.31%) Migration
3 12 (11.54%) Agile Software Development
3 12 (11.54%) Capacity Planning
4 11 (10.58%) High Availability
4 11 (10.58%) ITIL
5 10 (9.62%) Data Protection
6 9 (8.65%) Configuration Management
7 8 (7.69%) Open Source
8 7 (6.73%) Collaborative Working
8 7 (6.73%) Problem-Solving
8 7 (6.73%) Runbook
8 7 (6.73%) Software Deployment
8 7 (6.73%) Software Engineering
9 6 (5.77%) Disaster Recovery
9 6 (5.77%) E-Commerce
9 6 (5.77%) Infrastructure as Code
9 6 (5.77%) Infrastructure Engineering
9 6 (5.77%) Patch Management
Programming Languages
1 25 (24.04%) Python
2 20 (19.23%) Java
3 17 (16.35%) PowerShell
4 9 (8.65%) SQL
5 8 (7.69%) Bash Shell
5 8 (7.69%) Groovy
6 4 (3.85%) C
7 3 (2.88%) VB
7 3 (2.88%) VBScript
8 2 (1.92%) PHP
9 1 (0.96%) Go
9 1 (0.96%) Korn
9 1 (0.96%) Ruby
9 1 (0.96%) Shell Script
9 1 (0.96%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 18 (17.31%) SC Cleared
1 18 (17.31%) Security Cleared
2 8 (7.69%) ITIL Certification
3 6 (5.77%) Cisco Certification
4 5 (4.81%) DV Cleared
5 4 (3.85%) CCIE
5 4 (3.85%) Degree
6 3 (2.88%) Microsoft Certification
7 2 (1.92%) MCSE
7 2 (1.92%) VCAP
8 1 (0.96%) (ISC)2 CCSP
8 1 (0.96%) CCNP
8 1 (0.96%) CISM
8 1 (0.96%) CISSP
8 1 (0.96%) MCSA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 7 (6.73%) Government Security Classifications
2 6 (5.77%) HMG Security Policy Framework
3 4 (3.85%) NCSC
4 3 (2.88%) QA
System Software
1 22 (21.15%) Docker
2 16 (15.38%) Active Directory
2 16 (15.38%) Hyper-V
3 13 (12.50%) VMware Infrastructure
4 7 (6.73%) VMware NSX
4 7 (6.73%) vSphere
5 4 (3.85%) vCloud
6 3 (2.88%) GPFS
6 3 (2.88%) NFS
6 3 (2.88%) Platform Symphony
6 3 (2.88%) Virtual Servers
6 3 (2.88%) VMware ESXi
7 2 (1.92%) Microsoft App-V
7 2 (1.92%) Oracle RAC
7 2 (1.92%) Veritas Cluster Server
7 2 (1.92%) VirtualBox
7 2 (1.92%) VMware Server
8 1 (0.96%) Samba
8 1 (0.96%) Squid
8 1 (0.96%) Virtual Desktop
Systems Management
1 34 (32.69%) Kubernetes
2 26 (25.00%) Terraform
3 19 (18.27%) Ansible
4 15 (14.42%) Opscode Chef
5 11 (10.58%) Argo
5 11 (10.58%) Puppet
6 7 (6.73%) Cisco CUCM
6 7 (6.73%) Istio
6 7 (6.73%) vRealize Orchestrator
7 6 (5.77%) SCCM
7 6 (5.77%) SCOM
7 6 (5.77%) vRealize
8 5 (4.81%) Microsoft Data Protection Manager
8 5 (4.81%) Norton AntiVirus
9 4 (3.85%) WSUS
10 3 (2.88%) vCenter Server
11 2 (1.92%) BladeLogic
11 2 (1.92%) Galera Cluster
11 2 (1.92%) Microsoft Intune
11 2 (1.92%) Packer
Vendors
1 21 (20.19%) VMware
2 17 (16.35%) Google
3 16 (15.38%) Microsoft
4 10 (9.62%) Cisco
5 9 (8.65%) HP
6 8 (7.69%) Splunk
7 7 (6.73%) SolarWinds
8 5 (4.81%) Oracle
8 5 (4.81%) Symantec
9 4 (3.85%) Ivanti
9 4 (3.85%) Lumension
9 4 (3.85%) Polycom
9 4 (3.85%) Sophos
10 3 (2.88%) CheckPoint
10 3 (2.88%) Databricks
10 3 (2.88%) Dell
10 3 (2.88%) Foundry
10 3 (2.88%) IBM
10 3 (2.88%) ServiceNow
10 3 (2.88%) Sonus