Period
to 17 September 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Virtual Machines skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Virtual Machines over the 6 months to 17 September 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Virtual Machine (VM)
England > London
6 months to
17 Sep 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 439 272 412
Rank change year-on-year -167 +140 +21
Contract jobs citing Virtual Machines 108 90 185
As % of all contract jobs advertised in London 0.32% 0.67% 0.47%
As % of the System Software category 2.35% 4.63% 3.09%
Number of daily rates quoted 66 62 131
10th Percentile £400 £306 £358
25th Percentile £414 £353 £419
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £524 £500 £525
Median % change year-on-year +4.75% -4.76% -4.55%
75th Percentile £671 £569 £615
90th Percentile £713 £588 £713
England median daily rate £450 £500 £475
% change year-on-year -10.00% +5.26% -3.55%
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 0 1
Median hourly rate - - £44.92
England median hourly rate £69.25 £22.64 £39.75
% change year-on-year +205.84% -43.04% +89.29%

Virtual Machines is in the System Software category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for system software skills.

All System Software Skills
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for system software skills 4,599 1,943 5,980
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 13.75% 14.39% 15.27%
Number of daily rates quoted 3,413 1,390 4,424
10th Percentile £345 £290 £200
25th Percentile £450 £413 £400
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £545 £500 £513
Median % change year-on-year +9.00% -2.44% +2.50%
75th Percentile £638 £600 £600
90th Percentile £700 £675 £675
England median daily rate £500 £479 £475
% change year-on-year +4.44% +0.79% +5.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 38 22 98
10th Percentile £15.00 £12.76 £12.76
25th Percentile £20.50 £15.78 £16.08
Median hourly rate £25.00 £25.00 £21.00
Median % change year-on-year - +19.05% +10.53%
75th Percentile £45.89 £43.00 £36.75
90th Percentile £53.92 £47.77 £50.00
England median hourly rate £17.00 £17.88 £16.00
% change year-on-year -4.90% +11.72% -

Virtual Machines
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Virtual Machines as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Virtual Machines in London

Virtual Machines
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Virtual Machines in London.

Daily rate trend for Virtual Machines in London

Virtual Machines
Daily Rate Histogram in London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Virtual Machines in London over the 6 months to 17 September 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Virtual Machines in London

Virtual Machines
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Virtual Machines in London.

Hourly rate trend for Virtual Machines in London

Virtual Machines
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Virtual Machines within the London region over the 6 months to 17 September 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London -48 14 £525 -2.33% 6
South London +2 1 £413 -17.50%
West London -17 1 £590 +105.22% 7
Virtual Machines
England

For the 6 months to 17 September 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Virtual Machines also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for Virtual Machines.

1 58 (53.70%) Azure
2 41 (37.96%) Windows
3 37 (34.26%) DevOps
4 35 (32.41%) Active Directory
5 31 (28.70%) Finance
6 30 (27.78%) Microsoft
7 29 (26.85%) Linux
8 25 (23.15%) Python
9 23 (21.30%) Migration
10 22 (20.37%) VMware
11 21 (19.44%) Microsoft 365
12 20 (18.52%) Ansible
12 20 (18.52%) Azure Active Directory
12 20 (18.52%) VMware Infrastructure
12 20 (18.52%) PowerShell
12 20 (18.52%) Social Skills
13 19 (17.59%) Kubernetes
14 18 (16.67%) IaaS
14 18 (16.67%) Firewall
15 17 (15.74%) Terraform
15 17 (15.74%) Git (software)
16 16 (14.81%) Agile Software Development
17 14 (12.96%) AWS
17 14 (12.96%) PaaS
17 14 (12.96%) Jenkins
17 14 (12.96%) Problem-Solving
18 13 (12.04%) Infrastructure Engineering
18 13 (12.04%) Windows Server
18 13 (12.04%) Banking
18 13 (12.04%) DNS

Virtual Machines
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 8 (7.41%) nginx
2 4 (3.70%) Skype for Business
3 2 (1.85%) IIS
3 2 (1.85%) SharePoint
4 1 (0.93%) Apache
4 1 (0.93%) CMS
4 1 (0.93%) Confluence
4 1 (0.93%) Ethereum
4 1 (0.93%) JBoss
4 1 (0.93%) MS Exchange
4 1 (0.93%) Red Hat Fuse
Applications
1 7 (6.48%) Microsoft Office
2 3 (2.78%) GIMP
2 3 (2.78%) Photoshop
3 2 (1.85%) Microsoft Excel
Business Applications
1 3 (2.78%) Sentinel
2 1 (0.93%) Oracle ERP
Cloud Services
1 58 (53.70%) Azure
2 21 (19.44%) Microsoft 365
3 20 (18.52%) Azure Active Directory
4 18 (16.67%) IaaS
5 14 (12.96%) AWS
5 14 (12.96%) PaaS
6 10 (9.26%) Azure Storage
6 10 (9.26%) GCP
7 8 (7.41%) npm
8 7 (6.48%) Azure Data Factory
8 7 (6.48%) Azure ExpressRoute
9 6 (5.56%) dbt
10 5 (4.63%) Azure Key Vault
10 5 (4.63%) Azure Service Bus
11 4 (3.70%) Azure Event Grid
11 4 (3.70%) GitHub
11 4 (3.70%) SaaS
12 3 (2.78%) Amazon EKS
12 3 (2.78%) Azure Synapse Analytics
12 3 (2.78%) Power Platform
Communications & Networking
1 18 (16.67%) Firewall
2 13 (12.04%) DNS
3 7 (6.48%) SAN
3 7 (6.48%) TCP/IP
4 6 (5.56%) VPN
4 6 (5.56%) WAN
5 5 (4.63%) Internet
5 5 (4.63%) LAN
5 5 (4.63%) Network Security
5 5 (4.63%) Unified Communications
6 4 (3.70%) DHCP
6 4 (3.70%) Ethernet
6 4 (3.70%) NAS
6 4 (3.70%) Skype
6 4 (3.70%) SSL
7 3 (2.78%) NetScaler
8 2 (1.85%) Cisco IOS
8 2 (1.85%) DSL
8 2 (1.85%) SMTP
8 2 (1.85%) SNMP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 7 (6.48%) SQL Server
2 6 (5.56%) BigQuery
3 5 (4.63%) MySQL
4 3 (2.78%) Amazon RDS
4 3 (2.78%) Azure SQL Database
4 3 (2.78%) Power BI
5 2 (1.85%) Data Lake
5 2 (1.85%) NoSQL
5 2 (1.85%) PostgreSQL
5 2 (1.85%) SAP HANA
5 2 (1.85%) SQL Server Integration Services
6 1 (0.93%) BusinessObjects
6 1 (0.93%) Ingres
6 1 (0.93%) Microsoft Analysis Services
6 1 (0.93%) MongoDB
6 1 (0.93%) Oracle Database
6 1 (0.93%) PowerCenter
6 1 (0.93%) SAP BW
6 1 (0.93%) Star Schema
6 1 (0.93%) Tableau
Development Applications
1 17 (15.74%) Git (software)
2 14 (12.96%) Jenkins
3 11 (10.19%) gulp
4 8 (7.41%) Gradle
4 8 (7.41%) Maven
5 6 (5.56%) CircleCI
5 6 (5.56%) Travis CI
6 5 (4.63%) GitLab
7 4 (3.70%) Mercurial
8 3 (2.78%) Bower
8 3 (2.78%) Bundler
8 3 (2.78%) Grunt
8 3 (2.78%) Jasmine
8 3 (2.78%) JIRA
8 3 (2.78%) webpack
9 2 (1.85%) JUnit
9 2 (1.85%) MSI
9 2 (1.85%) SonarQube
10 1 (0.93%) Bitbucket
10 1 (0.93%) Postman
General
1 31 (28.70%) Finance
2 20 (18.52%) Social Skills
3 13 (12.04%) Banking
4 5 (4.63%) Presentation Skills
5 3 (2.78%) Analytical Skills
5 3 (2.78%) Influencing Skills
5 3 (2.78%) Law
5 3 (2.78%) Legal
5 3 (2.78%) Public Sector
5 3 (2.78%) Retail
6 2 (1.85%) Documentation Skills
6 2 (1.85%) Pharmaceutical
7 1 (0.93%) Billing
7 1 (0.93%) Financial Institution
7 1 (0.93%) Investment Banking
7 1 (0.93%) Organisational Skills
7 1 (0.93%) Social Science
7 1 (0.93%) Telecoms
Job Titles
1 19 (17.59%) DevOps Engineer
2 18 (16.67%) Azure Engineer
3 17 (15.74%) Architect
4 13 (12.04%) Developer
5 10 (9.26%) Azure Architect
5 10 (9.26%) Infrastructure Engineer
6 7 (6.48%) Analyst
6 7 (6.48%) Azure DevOps
7 6 (5.56%) Azure DevOps Engineer
7 6 (5.56%) Consultant
7 6 (5.56%) Kubernetes Engineer
7 6 (5.56%) Python Developer
8 5 (4.63%) Build Engineer
8 5 (4.63%) Cloud Engineer
8 5 (4.63%) Technical Architect
9 4 (3.70%) Lead DevOps
9 4 (3.70%) Virtualisation Engineer
9 4 (3.70%) Voice Engineer
10 3 (2.78%) HP Storage Engineer
10 3 (2.78%) VMware Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 7 (6.48%) Django
1 7 (6.48%) Node.js
2 6 (5.56%) HTML
2 6 (5.56%) HTML5
2 6 (5.56%) React
2 6 (5.56%) Web Services
3 5 (4.63%) .NET
3 5 (4.63%) Flask
4 4 (3.70%) CSS
4 4 (3.70%) CSS3
4 4 (3.70%) OAuth
4 4 (3.70%) OAuth2
4 4 (3.70%) YAML
5 3 (2.78%) ARM Templates
5 3 (2.78%) jQuery
5 3 (2.78%) JSON
5 3 (2.78%) Kafka
5 3 (2.78%) LDAP
6 2 (1.85%) OpenCL
6 2 (1.85%) RESTful
Miscellaneous
1 10 (9.26%) Data Centre
2 7 (6.48%) Video Conferencing
3 6 (5.56%) Public Cloud
4 5 (4.63%) Replication
5 4 (3.70%) Management Information System
5 4 (3.70%) Self-Motivation
5 4 (3.70%) Tandem
6 3 (2.78%) Clustering
6 3 (2.78%) User Experience
6 3 (2.78%) Virtual Team
7 2 (1.85%) Enterprise Software
7 2 (1.85%) Fat Client
7 2 (1.85%) Greenfield Project
7 2 (1.85%) Mobile App
7 2 (1.85%) PMI
7 2 (1.85%) Private Cloud
7 2 (1.85%) Thin Client
7 2 (1.85%) Wiki
8 1 (0.93%) BYOD
8 1 (0.93%) IBM Storwize
Operating Systems
1 41 (37.96%) Windows
2 29 (26.85%) Linux
3 13 (12.04%) Windows Server
4 6 (5.56%) Windows Server 2008
5 5 (4.63%) Windows 10
6 4 (3.70%) VMS
6 4 (3.70%) Windows Server 2016
7 3 (2.78%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 3 (2.78%) Unix
7 3 (2.78%) Windows 7
7 3 (2.78%) Windows Server 2012
7 3 (2.78%) Windows Server 2019
8 2 (1.85%) Android
8 2 (1.85%) Ubuntu
9 1 (0.93%) Apple iOS
9 1 (0.93%) CentOS
9 1 (0.93%) Mac OS
9 1 (0.93%) Oracle Linux
9 1 (0.93%) SUSE
Processes & Methodologies
1 37 (34.26%) DevOps
2 23 (21.30%) Migration
3 16 (14.81%) Agile Software Development
4 14 (12.96%) Problem-Solving
5 13 (12.04%) Infrastructure Engineering
6 11 (10.19%) Analytics
7 9 (8.33%) Infrastructure as Code
8 8 (7.41%) High Availability
8 8 (7.41%) Open Source
8 8 (7.41%) Project Delivery
9 7 (6.48%) Asset Management
9 7 (6.48%) Mentoring
9 7 (6.48%) Network Virtualisation
10 6 (5.56%) Cybersecurity
10 6 (5.56%) Data Protection
10 6 (5.56%) ITIL
10 6 (5.56%) Patch Management
10 6 (5.56%) Release Management
10 6 (5.56%) Resource Management
10 6 (5.56%) Site Reliability Engineering
Programming Languages
1 25 (23.15%) Python
2 20 (18.52%) PowerShell
3 11 (10.19%) Java
4 10 (9.26%) SQL
5 9 (8.33%) Bash Shell
6 8 (7.41%) Groovy
6 8 (7.41%) JavaScript
7 4 (3.70%) C#
7 4 (3.70%) C++
7 4 (3.70%) VBScript
8 3 (2.78%) C
8 3 (2.78%) Ruby
8 3 (2.78%) Shell Script
9 2 (1.85%) Perl
9 2 (1.85%) VB
10 1 (0.93%) Data Analysis Expressions (DAX)
10 1 (0.93%) Go
10 1 (0.93%) PHP
10 1 (0.93%) PL/SQL
10 1 (0.93%) Scala
Qualifications
1 8 (7.41%) SC Cleared
1 8 (7.41%) Security Cleared
2 6 (5.56%) Degree
3 5 (4.63%) Cisco Certification
4 3 (2.78%) CCNA
4 3 (2.78%) MCSE
4 3 (2.78%) Microsoft Certification
4 3 (2.78%) PMP
4 3 (2.78%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
5 2 (1.85%) (ISC)2 CCSP
5 2 (1.85%) CISM
5 2 (1.85%) CISSP
5 2 (1.85%) PMI Certification
6 1 (0.93%) AWS Certification
6 1 (0.93%) Computer Science Degree
6 1 (0.93%) DV Cleared
6 1 (0.93%) ISTQB
6 1 (0.93%) Master's Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 6 (5.56%) QA
2 4 (3.70%) Accessibility
3 2 (1.85%) SLA
4 1 (0.93%) GDPR
System Software
1 35 (32.41%) Active Directory
2 20 (18.52%) VMware Infrastructure
3 12 (11.11%) VMware ESXi
4 11 (10.19%) Docker
5 7 (6.48%) Virtual Desktop
5 7 (6.48%) vSphere
6 3 (2.78%) Microsoft App-V
6 3 (2.78%) Virtual Servers
7 2 (1.85%) BitLocker
7 2 (1.85%) Hyper-V
7 2 (1.85%) NFS
7 2 (1.85%) VMware NSX
8 1 (0.93%) XenApp
8 1 (0.93%) XenDesktop
Systems Management
1 20 (18.52%) Ansible
2 19 (17.59%) Kubernetes
3 17 (15.74%) Terraform
4 9 (8.33%) SCCM
5 8 (7.41%) Microsoft Intune
6 7 (6.48%) Istio
6 7 (6.48%) Opscode Chef
6 7 (6.48%) vCenter Server
7 6 (5.56%) Argo
8 5 (4.63%) PowerCLI
9 4 (3.70%) Cisco CUCM
10 3 (2.78%) Puppet
10 3 (2.78%) vRealize
10 3 (2.78%) vRealize Orchestrator
11 2 (1.85%) Kustomize
11 2 (1.85%) Microsoft Clustering
11 2 (1.85%) Nagios
11 2 (1.85%) SCVMM
12 1 (0.93%) NetBackup
12 1 (0.93%) Norton AntiVirus
Vendors
1 30 (27.78%) Microsoft
2 22 (20.37%) VMware
3 10 (9.26%) Cisco
4 9 (8.33%) Google
5 8 (7.41%) HP
6 7 (6.48%) Citrix
6 7 (6.48%) SAP
7 6 (5.56%) Nimble Storage
8 5 (4.63%) Oracle
8 5 (4.63%) Palo Alto
9 4 (3.70%) CheckPoint
9 4 (3.70%) Dell
9 4 (3.70%) Ivanti
9 4 (3.70%) Sonus
10 3 (2.78%) 3PAR
10 3 (2.78%) Altiris
10 3 (2.78%) Confluent
10 3 (2.78%) Fortinet
10 3 (2.78%) NetApp
10 3 (2.78%) Salesforce.com