Period
to 28 January 2022

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Virtual Machines skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Virtual Machines over the 6 months to 28 January 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Virtual Machine (VM)
England > London
6 months to
28 Jan 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 429 302 372
Rank change year-on-year -127 +70 +31
Contract jobs citing Virtual Machines 154 109 142
As % of all contract jobs advertised in London 0.41% 0.61% 0.47%
As % of the System Software category 3.01% 4.40% 3.24%
Number of daily rates quoted 105 58 107
10th Percentile £368 £346 £368
25th Percentile £413 £408 £413
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £500 £475
Median % change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% -9.52%
75th Percentile £688 £550 £575
90th Percentile £760 £629 £625
England median daily rate £525 £500 £475
% change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% -3.55%
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 0 1
10th Percentile - - -
25th Percentile - - £11.00
Median hourly rate - - £12.00
75th Percentile - - £13.00
90th Percentile - - -
England median hourly rate £42.21 £44.00 £40.00
% change year-on-year -4.07% +10.00% +9.08%

Virtual Machines is in the System Software category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for system software skills.

All System Software Skills
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for system software skills 5,122 2,479 4,388
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 13.62% 13.77% 14.63%
Number of daily rates quoted 3,833 1,832 3,264
10th Percentile £325 £308 £185
25th Percentile £463 £413 £363
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £500 £500
Median % change year-on-year +10.00% - -4.76%
75th Percentile £655 £600 £600
90th Percentile £725 £700 £675
England median daily rate £525 £475 £450
% change year-on-year +10.53% +5.56% -5.26%
Number of hourly rates quoted 53 22 105
10th Percentile £16.50 £12.52 £12.44
25th Percentile £20.00 £13.34 £15.25
Median hourly rate £24.50 £22.75 £18.70
Median % change year-on-year +7.69% +21.66% -4.10%
75th Percentile £37.80 £45.75 £22.00
90th Percentile £63.70 £60.00 £50.00
England median hourly rate £17.50 £17.50 £16.50
% change year-on-year - +6.06% +3.13%

Virtual Machines
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Virtual Machines as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Virtual Machines in London

Virtual Machines
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Virtual Machines in London.

Daily rate trend for Virtual Machines in London

Virtual Machines
Daily Rate Histogram in London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Virtual Machines in London over the 6 months to 28 January 2022.

Daily rate histogram for Virtual Machines in London

Virtual Machines
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Virtual Machines in London.

Hourly rate trend for Virtual Machines in London

Virtual Machines
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Virtual Machines within the London region over the 6 months to 28 January 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
Central London -51 22 £590 +7.27% 13
South London -16 2 £405 -4.71%
East London -7 1 £233 -33.57% 4
Virtual Machines
England

For the 6 months to 28 January 2022, IT contractor jobs citing Virtual Machines also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for Virtual Machines.

1 79 (51.30%) Azure
2 58 (37.66%) Windows
3 50 (32.47%) DevOps
4 46 (29.87%) Finance
4 46 (29.87%) Terraform
5 43 (27.92%) Active Directory
6 41 (26.62%) Microsoft
7 38 (24.68%) Social Skills
8 36 (23.38%) PowerShell
9 35 (22.73%) Linux
9 35 (22.73%) VMware
9 35 (22.73%) CI/CD
10 31 (20.13%) Migration
10 31 (20.13%) Ansible
11 30 (19.48%) Kubernetes
11 30 (19.48%) Python
12 29 (18.83%) Agile Software Development
12 29 (18.83%) Infrastructure as Code
13 27 (17.53%) VMware Infrastructure
13 27 (17.53%) AWS
14 25 (16.23%) Data Centre
15 22 (14.29%) Docker
16 21 (13.64%) PaaS
17 20 (12.99%) DNS
18 19 (12.34%) SQL
18 19 (12.34%) Firewall
19 18 (11.69%) Configuration Management
19 18 (11.69%) Java
19 18 (11.69%) Problem Management
19 18 (11.69%) Network Virtualisation

Virtual Machines
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 8 (5.19%) IIS
1 8 (5.19%) nginx
2 5 (3.25%) Confluence
3 3 (1.95%) Tomcat
4 2 (1.30%) Apache
4 2 (1.30%) CMS
4 2 (1.30%) OpenStack
4 2 (1.30%) SharePoint
5 1 (0.65%) Adobe Experience Manager
5 1 (0.65%) Ethereum
5 1 (0.65%) Exchange Server 2010
5 1 (0.65%) MS Exchange
5 1 (0.65%) Sitecore CMS
Applications
1 9 (5.84%) Microsoft Office
2 4 (2.60%) Microsoft Excel
3 1 (0.65%) GIMP
3 1 (0.65%) MS Visio
3 1 (0.65%) Photoshop
Business Applications
1 1 (0.65%) Infor M3
Cloud Services
1 79 (51.30%) Azure
2 27 (17.53%) AWS
3 21 (13.64%) PaaS
4 17 (11.04%) Azure Active Directory
4 17 (11.04%) Microsoft 365
5 14 (9.09%) GitHub
5 14 (9.09%) IaaS
6 12 (7.79%) Cloud Computing
7 9 (5.84%) AWS CloudFormation
8 8 (5.19%) Azure Monitor
8 8 (5.19%) Azure Storage
8 8 (5.19%) GCP
8 8 (5.19%) SaaS
8 8 (5.19%) Serverless
9 7 (4.55%) Virtual Private Cloud
10 6 (3.90%) OpenShift
11 5 (3.25%) Amazon EKS
11 5 (3.25%) Azure Data Factory
11 5 (3.25%) Azure Key Vault
12 4 (2.60%) Azure Logic Apps
Communications & Networking
1 20 (12.99%) DNS
2 19 (12.34%) Firewall
3 15 (9.74%) Network Security
4 13 (8.44%) VPN
5 10 (6.49%) Internet
5 10 (6.49%) SAN
6 9 (5.84%) DMZ
7 8 (5.19%) DHCP
7 8 (5.19%) TCP/IP
8 6 (3.90%) OSPF
8 6 (3.90%) SNMP
8 6 (3.90%) WAN
9 5 (3.25%) LAN
10 4 (2.60%) HTTP
11 3 (1.95%) BGP
11 3 (1.95%) SMTP
11 3 (1.95%) SSH
11 3 (1.95%) TACACS
12 2 (1.30%) IPsec
12 2 (1.30%) VRRP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 13 (8.44%) SQL Server
2 7 (4.55%) Data Lake
3 5 (3.25%) Azure SQL Database
3 5 (3.25%) Relational Database
4 3 (1.95%) Oracle Database
5 2 (1.30%) Amazon RDS
5 2 (1.30%) GIS
5 2 (1.30%) MongoDB
5 2 (1.30%) MySQL
5 2 (1.30%) Qlik Sense
5 2 (1.30%) ZAP BI
6 1 (0.65%) Blockchain
6 1 (0.65%) Data Warehouse
6 1 (0.65%) Microsoft Analysis Services
6 1 (0.65%) Power BI
6 1 (0.65%) SQL Server 2012
6 1 (0.65%) SQL Server 2016
6 1 (0.65%) SQL Server Integration Services
Development Applications
1 17 (11.04%) Git (software)
1 17 (11.04%) Jenkins
2 9 (5.84%) GitLab
3 7 (4.55%) Bitbucket
3 7 (4.55%) CircleCI
4 6 (3.90%) gulp
4 6 (3.90%) JIRA
4 6 (3.90%) Maven
5 5 (3.25%) Team Foundation Server
6 4 (2.60%) Cucumber
6 4 (2.60%) Gradle
6 4 (2.60%) Travis CI
7 3 (1.95%) JMeter
7 3 (1.95%) SonarQube
7 3 (1.95%) TeamCity
8 2 (1.30%) AppScan
8 2 (1.30%) MSI
8 2 (1.30%) RSpec
8 2 (1.30%) Selenium
8 2 (1.30%) webpack
General
1 46 (29.87%) Finance
2 38 (24.68%) Social Skills
3 16 (10.39%) Telecoms
4 10 (6.49%) Banking
4 10 (6.49%) Public Sector
5 7 (4.55%) Presentation Skills
6 6 (3.90%) Analytical Skills
7 5 (3.25%) Billing
7 5 (3.25%) Documentation Skills
7 5 (3.25%) Electronics
7 5 (3.25%) Marketing
8 4 (2.60%) Legal
8 4 (2.60%) Manufacturing
9 2 (1.30%) Investment Banking
9 2 (1.30%) Organisational Skills
10 1 (0.65%) Advertising
10 1 (0.65%) Inclusion and Diversity
10 1 (0.65%) Law
10 1 (0.65%) Retail
10 1 (0.65%) Social Science
Job Titles
1 28 (18.18%) Azure Engineer
2 20 (12.99%) DevOps Engineer
3 19 (12.34%) Architect
4 17 (11.04%) Developer
5 10 (6.49%) Azure Architect
5 10 (6.49%) Cloud Engineer
6 9 (5.84%) Consultant
6 9 (5.84%) Infrastructure Engineer
7 8 (5.19%) Analyst
7 8 (5.19%) AWS Engineer
7 8 (5.19%) Azure DevOps
7 8 (5.19%) Azure DevOps Engineer
8 7 (4.55%) AWS Architect
8 7 (4.55%) Security Engineer
8 7 (4.55%) VMware Engineer
9 6 (3.90%) AWS DevOps
9 6 (3.90%) Wintel Engineer
10 5 (3.25%) AWS DevOps Engineer
10 5 (3.25%) Security Architect
10 5 (3.25%) Service Desk Manager
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 17 (11.04%) .NET
2 16 (10.39%) Node.js
3 14 (9.09%) ARM Templates
4 9 (5.84%) JSON
5 7 (4.55%) YAML
6 5 (3.25%) ADO
6 5 (3.25%) React
7 4 (2.60%) ASP.NET
7 4 (2.60%) REST
8 3 (1.95%) Elastic Stack
8 3 (1.95%) HTML
8 3 (1.95%) SOAP
8 3 (1.95%) Spring
9 2 (1.30%) .NET Core
9 2 (1.30%) Azure Blueprints
9 2 (1.30%) Blazor
9 2 (1.30%) CSS
9 2 (1.30%) Vue.js
9 2 (1.30%) XML
9 2 (1.30%) XMPP
Miscellaneous
1 25 (16.23%) Data Centre
2 12 (7.79%) Management Information System
3 9 (5.84%) Public Cloud
4 8 (5.19%) Replication
5 7 (4.55%) Cloud Native
5 7 (4.55%) Hybrid Cloud
6 4 (2.60%) Clustering
6 4 (2.60%) Wiki
7 2 (1.30%) Data Protection Act
7 2 (1.30%) Fibre Optics
7 2 (1.30%) User Experience
7 2 (1.30%) Video Conferencing
8 1 (0.65%) BYOD
8 1 (0.65%) Derivative
8 1 (0.65%) Hedge funds
8 1 (0.65%) Learning Management System
8 1 (0.65%) Legacy Systems
8 1 (0.65%) Mainframe
8 1 (0.65%) OTC Derivatives
8 1 (0.65%) RIA
Operating Systems
1 58 (37.66%) Windows
2 35 (22.73%) Linux
3 11 (7.14%) Windows Server
4 9 (5.84%) Unix
5 5 (3.25%) VMS
6 4 (2.60%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 4 (2.60%) Windows 10
6 4 (2.60%) Windows Server 2008
6 4 (2.60%) Windows Server 2012
7 3 (1.95%) Windows Server 2016
8 2 (1.30%) Android
8 2 (1.30%) Mac OS
8 2 (1.30%) Windows 7
9 1 (0.65%) Apple iOS
9 1 (0.65%) CentOS
9 1 (0.65%) Windows Embedded Compact
Processes & Methodologies
1 50 (32.47%) DevOps
2 35 (22.73%) CI/CD
3 31 (20.13%) Migration
4 29 (18.83%) Agile Software Development
4 29 (18.83%) Infrastructure as Code
5 18 (11.69%) Configuration Management
5 18 (11.69%) Network Virtualisation
5 18 (11.69%) Problem Management
6 17 (11.04%) ITIL
7 15 (9.74%) Problem-Solving
8 14 (9.09%) Analytics
8 14 (9.09%) Change Management
9 13 (8.44%) Disaster Recovery
9 13 (8.44%) Information Security
10 12 (7.79%) Continuous Integration
10 12 (7.79%) Service Management
11 11 (7.14%) High Availability
11 11 (7.14%) Infrastructure Engineering
12 10 (6.49%) Scrum
13 9 (5.84%) Load Balancing
Programming Languages
1 36 (23.38%) PowerShell
2 30 (19.48%) Python
3 19 (12.34%) SQL
4 18 (11.69%) Java
5 14 (9.09%) C
6 8 (5.19%) Go
6 8 (5.19%) Ruby
7 7 (4.55%) Bash
7 7 (4.55%) JavaScript
8 5 (3.25%) Groovy
9 4 (2.60%) C#
9 4 (2.60%) Shell Script
10 3 (1.95%) C++
10 3 (1.95%) Perl
10 3 (1.95%) TypeScript
11 2 (1.30%) Java 11
11 2 (1.30%) PHP
11 2 (1.30%) VB
11 2 (1.30%) VBScript
12 1 (0.65%) Solidity
Qualifications
1 13 (8.44%) Security Cleared
2 12 (7.79%) Degree
3 11 (7.14%) SC Cleared
4 5 (3.25%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
5 3 (1.95%) Microsoft Certification
6 2 (1.30%) CEH
6 2 (1.30%) Cisco Certification
6 2 (1.30%) CISSP
6 2 (1.30%) CSSLP
6 2 (1.30%) GIAC
6 2 (1.30%) MCSE
7 1 (0.65%) CCNA
7 1 (0.65%) CCNP
7 1 (0.65%) CompTIA Security+
7 1 (0.65%) Computer Science Degree
7 1 (0.65%) MCSA
7 1 (0.65%) MCSD
7 1 (0.65%) Network+ Certification
7 1 (0.65%) TOGAF Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 14 (9.09%) SLA
2 3 (1.95%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 2 (1.30%) Actionable Recommendations
4 1 (0.65%) Accessibility
4 1 (0.65%) GDPR
4 1 (0.65%) HIPAA
4 1 (0.65%) NIST
4 1 (0.65%) QA
4 1 (0.65%) Sarbanes-Oxley
System Software
1 43 (27.92%) Active Directory
2 27 (17.53%) VMware Infrastructure
3 22 (14.29%) Docker
4 14 (9.09%) Firmware
5 9 (5.84%) Virtual Desktop
5 9 (5.84%) vSphere
6 7 (4.55%) VMware ESXi
7 6 (3.90%) VMware NSX
8 2 (1.30%) Hyper-V
8 2 (1.30%) Microsoft App-V
8 2 (1.30%) vCloud
9 1 (0.65%) BitLocker
9 1 (0.65%) NFS
9 1 (0.65%) RACF
9 1 (0.65%) UAG
9 1 (0.65%) Virtual Servers
Systems Management
1 46 (29.87%) Terraform
2 31 (20.13%) Ansible
3 30 (19.48%) Kubernetes
4 16 (10.39%) Puppet
5 14 (9.09%) Opscode Chef
6 9 (5.84%) vCenter Server
7 8 (5.19%) Prometheus
7 8 (5.19%) Single Sign-On
8 7 (4.55%) Active Directory Federation Services
9 6 (3.90%) Grafana
9 6 (3.90%) Packer
10 5 (3.25%) Istio
10 5 (3.25%) Microsoft Intune
11 3 (1.95%) Failover Clustering
11 3 (1.95%) Microsoft Clustering
11 3 (1.95%) Nagios
11 3 (1.95%) PowerCLI
11 3 (1.95%) SCCM
12 2 (1.30%) Consul
12 2 (1.30%) HP Fortify
Vendors
1 41 (26.62%) Microsoft
2 35 (22.73%) VMware
3 15 (9.74%) Cisco
3 15 (9.74%) Oracle
4 12 (7.79%) ServiceNow
5 10 (6.49%) Citrix
6 7 (4.55%) Databricks
7 6 (3.90%) Altiris
7 6 (3.90%) SAP
7 6 (3.90%) Splunk
8 5 (3.25%) Bloomberg
8 5 (3.25%) HP
8 5 (3.25%) Qualys
8 5 (3.25%) Reuters
9 4 (2.60%) Dell
9 4 (2.60%) PagerDuty
10 3 (1.95%) IBM
10 3 (1.95%) Isilon
10 3 (1.95%) NetApp
11 2 (1.30%) Google