Period
to

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Virtual Machines skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Virtual Machines over the 6 months to 30 June 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Virtual Machine (VM)
England > London
6 months to
30 Jun 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 352 392 315
Rank change year-on-year +40 -77 +35
Contract jobs citing Virtual Machines 251 112 89
As % of all contract jobs advertised in London 0.64% 0.41% 0.51%
As % of the System Software category 5.14% 2.98% 3.33%
Number of daily rates quoted 171 62 62
10th Percentile £400 £406 £301
25th Percentile £463 £458 £401
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £538 £470
Median % change year-on-year +2.33% +14.36% -10.48%
75th Percentile £650 £662 £538
90th Percentile £775 £711 £586
England median daily rate £525 £450 £475
% change year-on-year +16.67% -5.26% -1.04%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1 0 0
10th Percentile - - -
25th Percentile £31.25 - -
Median hourly rate £32.50 - -
75th Percentile £33.75 - -
90th Percentile - - -
England median hourly rate £82.50 £62.50 £21.64
% change year-on-year +32.00% +188.78% -40.98%

Virtual Machines is in the System Software category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for system software skills.

All System Software Skills
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for system software skills 4,881 3,761 2,674
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 12.39% 13.82% 15.27%
Number of daily rates quoted 3,688 2,770 1,970
10th Percentile £300 £358 £262
25th Percentile £463 £450 £413
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £564 £525 £500
Median % change year-on-year +7.33% +5.00% -4.76%
75th Percentile £675 £625 £600
90th Percentile £750 £700 £668
England median daily rate £525 £500 £475
% change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 34 20 38
10th Percentile £14.75 £15.06 £12.42
25th Percentile £20.50 £20.00 £15.18
Median hourly rate £30.75 £43.47 £20.00
Median % change year-on-year -29.26% +117.34% -4.76%
75th Percentile £49.53 £53.64 £40.68
90th Percentile £77.03 £76.03 £47.83
England median hourly rate £20.00 £18.44 £17.00
% change year-on-year +8.47% +8.46% +0.56%

Virtual Machines
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Virtual Machines as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Virtual Machines in London

Virtual Machines
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Virtual Machines in London.

Daily rate trend for Virtual Machines in London

Virtual Machines
Daily Rate Histogram in London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Virtual Machines in London over the 6 months to 30 June 2022.

Daily rate histogram for Virtual Machines in London

Virtual Machines
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Virtual Machines in London.

Hourly rate trend for Virtual Machines in London

Virtual Machines
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Virtual Machines within the London region over the 6 months to 30 June 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
Central London -4 40 £565 +36.97% 6
West London -4 4 £500 -15.25% 5
East London - 3 £233 - 4
South London -11 1 £413 - 1
Virtual Machines
England

For the 6 months to 30 June 2022, IT contractor jobs citing Virtual Machines also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for Virtual Machines.

1 117 (46.61%) Azure
2 99 (39.44%) Windows
3 77 (30.68%) Microsoft
4 75 (29.88%) Finance
5 65 (25.90%) PowerShell
6 63 (25.10%) Migration
6 63 (25.10%) Linux
6 63 (25.10%) SQL
6 63 (25.10%) Terraform
7 62 (24.70%) VMware
8 57 (22.71%) DevOps
8 57 (22.71%) Social Skills
9 53 (21.12%) Security Cleared
10 52 (20.72%) VMware Infrastructure
11 50 (19.92%) Python
12 49 (19.52%) Oracle
13 46 (18.33%) Firewall
14 45 (17.93%) Active Directory
14 45 (17.93%) PaaS
15 44 (17.53%) SC Cleared
16 43 (17.13%) Network Virtualisation
17 42 (16.73%) CI/CD
18 39 (15.54%) Bash
19 37 (14.74%) Ansible
19 37 (14.74%) DNS
19 37 (14.74%) Data Centre
20 36 (14.34%) Jenkins
21 35 (13.94%) AWS
21 35 (13.94%) Infrastructure as Code
22 33 (13.15%) Problem-Solving

Virtual Machines
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 12 (4.78%) IIS
2 11 (4.38%) Apache
2 11 (4.38%) nginx
3 9 (3.59%) SharePoint
4 7 (2.79%) Tomcat
5 5 (1.99%) OpenStack
6 4 (1.59%) Ethereum
6 4 (1.59%) Solana
7 3 (1.20%) Apache Airflow
7 3 (1.20%) Apache Spark
7 3 (1.20%) Oracle Workflow
7 3 (1.20%) WebLogic
8 2 (0.80%) Adobe Experience Manager
8 2 (0.80%) Exchange Server 2010
8 2 (0.80%) MS Exchange
9 1 (0.40%) CMS
9 1 (0.40%) Confluence
9 1 (0.40%) IBM Domino
9 1 (0.40%) IBM Notes
9 1 (0.40%) Sitecore CMS
Applications
1 6 (2.39%) Microsoft Excel
2 5 (1.99%) Microsoft Office
3 1 (0.40%) Chatbot
3 1 (0.40%) Microsoft Project
Business Applications
1 7 (2.79%) Oracle ERP
2 4 (1.59%) Oracle Cash Management
3 3 (1.20%) Oracle Applications
3 3 (1.20%) Oracle EBS
3 3 (1.20%) Oracle FAH
3 3 (1.20%) Oracle Utilities
Cloud Services
1 117 (46.61%) Azure
2 45 (17.93%) PaaS
3 35 (13.94%) AWS
4 32 (12.75%) Microsoft 365
5 31 (12.35%) IaaS
6 21 (8.37%) SaaS
7 19 (7.57%) Azure Storage
8 18 (7.17%) Azure DevOps
8 18 (7.17%) Azure Key Vault
9 17 (6.77%) Azure Monitor
10 15 (5.98%) Azure Active Directory
10 15 (5.98%) Power Platform
11 13 (5.18%) Azure Data Factory
12 12 (4.78%) Azure AKS
12 12 (4.78%) Serverless
13 11 (4.38%) Cloud Computing
13 11 (4.38%) GitHub
14 10 (3.98%) AWS CloudFormation
15 9 (3.59%) Azure Logic Apps
15 9 (3.59%) OpenShift
Communications & Networking
1 46 (18.33%) Firewall
2 37 (14.74%) DNS
3 29 (11.55%) Internet
4 23 (9.16%) VPN
5 21 (8.37%) DHCP
6 20 (7.97%) LAN
6 20 (7.97%) Network Security
7 17 (6.77%) DMZ
7 17 (6.77%) WAN
8 13 (5.18%) SAN
9 12 (4.78%) TCP/IP
10 10 (3.98%) VSAN
11 7 (2.79%) OSPF
12 6 (2.39%) SNMP
12 6 (2.39%) TACACS
13 5 (1.99%) SSL
13 5 (1.99%) VLAN
13 5 (1.99%) Wi-Fi
14 4 (1.59%) HTTP
14 4 (1.59%) WebEx
Database & Business Intelligence
1 28 (11.16%) SQL Server
2 17 (6.77%) Azure SQL Database
3 14 (5.58%) Power BI
4 13 (5.18%) Data Lake
5 12 (4.78%) Relational Database
6 9 (3.59%) Oracle Database
7 8 (3.19%) SQL Server Integration Services
8 7 (2.79%) NoSQL
9 5 (1.99%) Big Data
9 5 (1.99%) Hadoop
9 5 (1.99%) OLAP
9 5 (1.99%) PostgreSQL
9 5 (1.99%) SQL Server Reporting Services
10 4 (1.59%) Amazon RDS
10 4 (1.59%) Parquet
11 3 (1.20%) Couchbase
11 3 (1.20%) Oracle BI Publisher
11 3 (1.20%) Oracle Database 11g
11 3 (1.20%) Oracle Database 12c
11 3 (1.20%) Oracle Exadata
Development Applications
1 36 (14.34%) Jenkins
2 28 (11.16%) Git (software)
3 16 (6.37%) JIRA
3 16 (6.37%) Team Foundation Server
4 8 (3.19%) Cucumber
4 8 (3.19%) Selenium
5 7 (2.79%) MSI
6 5 (1.99%) Chocolatey
6 5 (1.99%) SonarQube
7 4 (1.59%) git-flow
7 4 (1.59%) HP UFT
7 4 (1.59%) JBehave
7 4 (1.59%) Maven
7 4 (1.59%) Postman
7 4 (1.59%) SoapUI
7 4 (1.59%) TestComplete
7 4 (1.59%) Visual Studio Coded UI
8 3 (1.20%) Protractor
8 3 (1.20%) RSpec
9 2 (0.80%) Visual Studio
General
1 75 (29.88%) Finance
2 57 (22.71%) Social Skills
3 22 (8.76%) Analytical Skills
3 22 (8.76%) Banking
4 21 (8.37%) Public Sector
5 17 (6.77%) Documentation Skills
6 11 (4.38%) Telecoms
7 7 (2.79%) Legal
8 6 (2.39%) Billing
9 4 (1.59%) Financial Institution
9 4 (1.59%) Marketing
9 4 (1.59%) Organisational Skills
9 4 (1.59%) Presentation Skills
10 3 (1.20%) Dutch Language
10 3 (1.20%) Electronics
10 3 (1.20%) French Language
10 3 (1.20%) German Language
10 3 (1.20%) Manufacturing
10 3 (1.20%) Spanish Language
11 2 (0.80%) Law
Job Titles
1 40 (15.94%) Azure Engineer
2 27 (10.76%) Architect
3 25 (9.96%) Infrastructure Engineer
4 22 (8.76%) Developer
5 18 (7.17%) Cloud Engineer
6 16 (6.37%) Service Desk Manager
6 16 (6.37%) Service Manager
7 14 (5.58%) DevOps Engineer
8 13 (5.18%) Oracle Developer
9 12 (4.78%) Security Engineer
10 11 (4.38%) Azure Architect
10 11 (4.38%) Azure Infrastructure Engineer
10 11 (4.38%) Oracle Specialist
11 10 (3.98%) Cloud Architect
12 9 (3.59%) AWS Engineer
12 9 (3.59%) Cloud Developer
12 9 (3.59%) Solutions Architect
12 9 (3.59%) Storage Engineer
12 9 (3.59%) VMware Engineer
12 9 (3.59%) Wintel Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 22 (8.76%) JSON
2 11 (4.38%) .NET
2 11 (4.38%) Node.js
3 10 (3.98%) ARM Templates
4 9 (3.59%) XML
5 8 (3.19%) REST
6 7 (2.79%) Oracle Fusion
6 7 (2.79%) Spring
7 6 (2.39%) Elastic Stack
7 6 (2.39%) React
8 5 (1.99%) SOAP
8 5 (1.99%) Spring Boot
8 5 (1.99%) Web Services
9 4 (1.59%) ADO
9 4 (1.59%) LDAP
9 4 (1.59%) Middleware
9 4 (1.59%) RESTful
9 4 (1.59%) Smart Contracts
9 4 (1.59%) WebAssembly
9 4 (1.59%) XSLT
Miscellaneous
1 37 (14.74%) Data Centre
2 21 (8.37%) Public Cloud
3 19 (7.57%) Management Information System
3 19 (7.57%) Replication
4 13 (5.18%) Clustering
4 13 (5.18%) Hybrid Cloud
5 6 (2.39%) Cloud Native
6 5 (1.99%) Self-Motivation
7 4 (1.59%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
7 4 (1.59%) Private Cloud
8 3 (1.20%) Legacy Systems
8 3 (1.20%) Linux Command Line
9 2 (0.80%) Hedge funds
9 2 (0.80%) Mainframe
9 2 (0.80%) PKI
9 2 (0.80%) User Experience
9 2 (0.80%) Web3
9 2 (0.80%) Wiki
10 1 (0.40%) Blog
10 1 (0.40%) Video Conferencing
Operating Systems
1 99 (39.44%) Windows
2 63 (25.10%) Linux
3 33 (13.15%) Windows Server
4 15 (5.98%) Unix
5 14 (5.58%) Windows Server 2012
6 13 (5.18%) VMS
7 12 (4.78%) Windows Server 2016
8 11 (4.38%) Windows Server 2008
9 10 (3.98%) Windows Server 2019
10 9 (3.59%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
11 8 (3.19%) Mac OS
11 8 (3.19%) Windows 10
12 6 (2.39%) Windows 7
13 4 (1.59%) Windows 8
14 3 (1.20%) CentOS
14 3 (1.20%) Ubuntu
15 1 (0.40%) AIX
15 1 (0.40%) Data ONTAP
15 1 (0.40%) Solaris
Processes & Methodologies
1 63 (25.10%) Migration
2 57 (22.71%) DevOps
3 43 (17.13%) Network Virtualisation
4 42 (16.73%) CI/CD
5 35 (13.94%) Infrastructure as Code
6 33 (13.15%) Disaster Recovery
6 33 (13.15%) Problem-Solving
7 32 (12.75%) Agile
8 27 (10.76%) Infrastructure Engineering
9 25 (9.96%) ITIL
10 23 (9.16%) Analytics
10 23 (9.16%) Configuration Management
11 22 (8.76%) Change Management
12 21 (8.37%) Service Management
13 20 (7.97%) Patch Management
13 20 (7.97%) Problem Management
14 19 (7.57%) Continuous Integration
14 19 (7.57%) Load Balancing
14 19 (7.57%) Project Management
15 17 (6.77%) User Acceptance Testing
Programming Languages
1 65 (25.90%) PowerShell
2 63 (25.10%) SQL
3 50 (19.92%) Python
4 39 (15.54%) Bash
5 22 (8.76%) Java
6 21 (8.37%) C
7 17 (6.77%) Shell Script
8 14 (5.58%) Go
9 10 (3.98%) C#
9 10 (3.98%) Groovy
9 10 (3.98%) Ruby
10 8 (3.19%) T-SQL
11 7 (2.79%) PL/SQL
12 6 (2.39%) Perl
13 5 (1.99%) C++
13 5 (1.99%) JavaScript
14 4 (1.59%) Rust
14 4 (1.59%) Solidity
14 4 (1.59%) VBScript
15 2 (0.80%) TypeScript
Qualifications
1 53 (21.12%) Security Cleared
2 44 (17.53%) SC Cleared
3 16 (6.37%) Degree
4 10 (3.98%) DV Cleared
5 4 (1.59%) Microsoft Certification
5 4 (1.59%) RHCSA
6 3 (1.20%) BPSS Clearance
6 3 (1.20%) MCSA
7 2 (0.80%) MCSD
7 2 (0.80%) MCSE
8 1 (0.40%) CEH
8 1 (0.40%) CISSP
8 1 (0.40%) CompTIA Security+
8 1 (0.40%) CSSLP
8 1 (0.40%) GIAC
8 1 (0.40%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
8 1 (0.40%) MCP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 14 (5.58%) SLA
2 7 (2.79%) QA
3 4 (1.59%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 3 (1.20%) GDPR
4 3 (1.20%) OASIS TOSCA
5 2 (0.80%) Data Quality
6 1 (0.40%) Accessibility
6 1 (0.40%) Actionable Recommendations
6 1 (0.40%) COBIT
6 1 (0.40%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
6 1 (0.40%) NCSC
6 1 (0.40%) NIST
6 1 (0.40%) PCI DSS
System Software
1 52 (20.72%) VMware Infrastructure
2 45 (17.93%) Active Directory
3 19 (7.57%) Docker
4 12 (4.78%) Firmware
5 10 (3.98%) vSphere
6 9 (3.59%) VMware ESXi
7 5 (1.99%) Hyper-V
8 4 (1.59%) Virtual Desktop
8 4 (1.59%) VMware NSX
9 3 (1.20%) Apache ZooKeeper
9 3 (1.20%) Oracle RAC
10 2 (0.80%) RACF
10 2 (0.80%) Virtual Servers
10 2 (0.80%) XenApp
10 2 (0.80%) XenDesktop
11 1 (0.40%) BitLocker
11 1 (0.40%) Microsoft App-V
11 1 (0.40%) Microsoft Virtual Server
11 1 (0.40%) NFS
11 1 (0.40%) vCloud
Systems Management
1 63 (25.10%) Terraform
2 37 (14.74%) Ansible
3 23 (9.16%) Kubernetes
4 16 (6.37%) Puppet
4 16 (6.37%) Single Sign-On
5 14 (5.58%) Consul
5 14 (5.58%) SCCM
6 13 (5.18%) Microsoft Clustering
7 11 (4.38%) Packer
8 10 (3.98%) Active Directory Federation Services
8 10 (3.98%) vCenter Server
9 9 (3.59%) Failover Clustering
9 9 (3.59%) Opscode Chef
9 9 (3.59%) Prometheus
10 7 (2.79%) Microsoft Intune
11 6 (2.39%) Grafana
12 5 (1.99%) SCOrch
13 4 (1.59%) AirWatch
13 4 (1.59%) WSUS
13 4 (1.59%) XenMobile
Vendors
1 77 (30.68%) Microsoft
2 62 (24.70%) VMware
3 49 (19.52%) Oracle
4 23 (9.16%) Cisco
5 17 (6.77%) Citrix
6 16 (6.37%) Altiris
6 16 (6.37%) ServiceNow
7 15 (5.98%) Bloomberg
7 15 (5.98%) Reuters
8 14 (5.58%) NetApp
8 14 (5.58%) Splunk
9 13 (5.18%) Databricks
10 11 (4.38%) F5
11 9 (3.59%) Isilon
12 8 (3.19%) SAP
13 7 (2.79%) Dell
13 7 (2.79%) Red Hat
14 6 (2.39%) Apple
14 6 (2.39%) Palo Alto
14 6 (2.39%) Veeam