Period
to 7 December 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Virtual Machines skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Virtual Machines over the 6 months to 7 December 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Virtual Machine (VM)
England > London
6 months to
7 Dec 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 396 425 459
Rank change year-on-year +29 +34 -68
Contract jobs citing Virtual Machines 147 216 187
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 0.43% 0.46% 0.39%
As % of the System Software category 2.95% 2.98% 3.17%
Number of daily rates quoted 108 181 96
London median daily rate £500 £538 £458
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -6.98% +17.49% -3.68%
10th Percentile £363 £344 £163
90th Percentile £625 £688 £588
England median daily rate £475 £500 £450
% change year-on-year -5.00% +11.11% +2.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1 3 16
London median hourly rate £12.00 £18.70 £47.83
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -35.83% -60.90% +73.93%
10th Percentile £11.00 £14.94 £18.70
90th Percentile £13.00 £31.74 £52.67
England median hourly rate £39.50 £22.38 £47.83
% change year-on-year +76.54% -53.22% +73.93%

Virtual Machines is in the System Software category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for system software skills.

All System Software Skills
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for system software skills 4,991 7,254 5,891
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 14.59% 15.50% 12.40%
Number of daily rates quoted 3,624 5,330 4,254
London median daily rate £500 £525 £488
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -4.76% +7.69% +8.33%
10th Percentile £185 £200 £185
90th Percentile £663 £656 £638
England median daily rate £450 £463 £425
% change year-on-year -2.70% +8.82% +3.03%
Number of hourly rates quoted 123 143 143
London median hourly rate £19.00 £19.25 £20.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -1.30% -6.10% +20.59%
10th Percentile £12.44 £12.75 £12.00
90th Percentile £50.00 £47.31 £56.50
England median hourly rate £16.50 £16.00 £16.50
% change year-on-year +3.13% -3.03% +3.13%

Virtual Machines
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Virtual Machines as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Virtual Machines in London

Virtual Machines
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Virtual Machines in London.

Contractor daily rate trend for Virtual Machines in London

Virtual Machines
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Virtual Machines in London over the 6 months to 7 December 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Virtual Machines in London

Virtual Machines
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Virtual Machines in London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Virtual Machines in London

Virtual Machines
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Virtual Machines within the London region over the 6 months to 7 December 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London +49 33 £463 -11.90% 12
West London +11 6 £468 -4.10% 5
South London +44 4 £550 +10.00% 1
North London +14 2 £479 +139.50% 1
Virtual Machines
England

For the 6 months to 7 December 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Virtual Machines also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for Virtual Machines.

1 70 (47.62%) Windows
2 68 (46.26%) Azure
3 47 (31.97%) Active Directory
4 40 (27.21%) VMware
4 40 (27.21%) Agile Software Development
5 39 (26.53%) VMware Infrastructure
5 39 (26.53%) PowerShell
5 39 (26.53%) DevOps
6 38 (25.85%) Windows Server
7 37 (25.17%) Microsoft
8 35 (23.81%) Linux
8 35 (23.81%) AWS
9 33 (22.45%) SQL
9 33 (22.45%) VPN
10 32 (21.77%) Finance
10 32 (21.77%) Puppet
11 31 (21.09%) Migration
12 29 (19.73%) IaaS
12 29 (19.73%) Docker
13 28 (19.05%) Security Cleared
14 27 (18.37%) SC Cleared
14 27 (18.37%) Python
15 25 (17.01%) Configuration Management
15 25 (17.01%) Analytics
16 24 (16.33%) Ansible
17 23 (15.65%) Azure Active Directory
17 23 (15.65%) Windows 10
17 23 (15.65%) PaaS
17 23 (15.65%) C#
18 22 (14.97%) .NET

Virtual Machines
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 13 (8.84%) IIS
2 11 (7.48%) SharePoint
3 7 (4.76%) Skype for Business
4 6 (4.08%) CMS
4 6 (4.08%) MS Exchange
4 6 (4.08%) SharePoint 2013
4 6 (4.08%) Sitecore CMS
4 6 (4.08%) Umbraco
5 5 (3.40%) Confluence
5 5 (3.40%) Exchange Server 2010
6 3 (2.04%) Cloud Foundry
7 2 (1.36%) Exchange Server 2013
7 2 (1.36%) nginx
8 1 (0.68%) BizTalk Server
8 1 (0.68%) Elasticsearch
8 1 (0.68%) MQSeries
8 1 (0.68%) WordPress
Applications
1 7 (4.76%) Microsoft Office
2 1 (0.68%) Adobe Creative Suite
2 1 (0.68%) Microsoft Excel
Business Applications
1 6 (4.08%) Dynamics CRM
2 1 (0.68%) FLEXCUBE
2 1 (0.68%) SAP ERP
Cloud Services
1 68 (46.26%) Azure
2 35 (23.81%) AWS
3 29 (19.73%) IaaS
4 23 (15.65%) Azure Active Directory
4 23 (15.65%) PaaS
5 13 (8.84%) Azure Data Factory
6 12 (8.16%) Amazon EC2
7 10 (6.80%) Azure Functions
7 10 (6.80%) Data Lake Analytics
7 10 (6.80%) Serverless
8 9 (6.12%) npm
8 9 (6.12%) Office 365
9 6 (4.08%) OpenShift
10 3 (2.04%) Amazon CloudWatch
10 3 (2.04%) AWS CloudFormation
10 3 (2.04%) AWS CodePipeline
10 3 (2.04%) Dynamics 365
11 2 (1.36%) Amazon ECS
11 2 (1.36%) AWS CodeDeploy
11 2 (1.36%) Azure Stack
Communications & Networking
1 33 (22.45%) VPN
2 16 (10.88%) DNS
3 15 (10.20%) DHCP
4 12 (8.16%) iSCSI
5 11 (7.48%) Firewall
6 10 (6.80%) VSAN
7 9 (6.12%) SAN
8 7 (4.76%) Network Security
9 6 (4.08%) Skype
9 6 (4.08%) TCP/IP
10 5 (3.40%) Internet
11 4 (2.72%) IPv4
12 3 (2.04%) LAN
12 3 (2.04%) WAN
13 2 (1.36%) Cisco IOS
13 2 (1.36%) FTP
13 2 (1.36%) HTTP
13 2 (1.36%) IPsec
13 2 (1.36%) SNMP
13 2 (1.36%) SSL
Database & Business Intelligence
1 21 (14.29%) Azure SQL Database
1 21 (14.29%) SQL Server
2 12 (8.16%) Amazon RDS
2 12 (8.16%) PostgreSQL
3 10 (6.80%) Data Lake
4 5 (3.40%) Oracle Database
5 3 (2.04%) NoSQL
5 3 (2.04%) Relational Database
6 2 (1.36%) Data Warehouse
6 2 (1.36%) MongoDB
6 2 (1.36%) MySQL
6 2 (1.36%) Redis
7 1 (0.68%) Big Data
7 1 (0.68%) BusinessObjects
7 1 (0.68%) BusinessObjects Web Intelligence
7 1 (0.68%) Oracle Database 11g
7 1 (0.68%) RDBMS
7 1 (0.68%) SQL Server Analysis Services
7 1 (0.68%) SQL Server Integration Services
7 1 (0.68%) SQL Server Reporting Services
Development Applications
1 22 (14.97%) Git (software)
1 22 (14.97%) Jenkins
2 15 (10.20%) GitLab
3 13 (8.84%) gulp
4 11 (7.48%) Grunt
5 10 (6.80%) JIRA
6 9 (6.12%) Octopus Deploy
6 9 (6.12%) Visual Studio Team System
7 7 (4.76%) Subversion
7 7 (4.76%) TeamCity
7 7 (4.76%) Visual Studio
8 6 (4.08%) Bitbucket
8 6 (4.08%) MSI
8 6 (4.08%) Team Foundation Server
9 5 (3.40%) Jasmine
9 5 (3.40%) Karma Test Runner
9 5 (3.40%) Protractor
9 5 (3.40%) SonarQube
9 5 (3.40%) webpack
10 4 (2.72%) CircleCI
General
1 32 (21.77%) Finance
2 9 (6.12%) Banking
3 6 (4.08%) Advertising
3 6 (4.08%) Retail
4 5 (3.40%) Telecoms
5 4 (2.72%) Publishing
6 2 (1.36%) Legal
6 2 (1.36%) Marketing
6 2 (1.36%) Public Sector
7 1 (0.68%) Automotive
7 1 (0.68%) Billing
7 1 (0.68%) Corporate Banking
7 1 (0.68%) Electronics
7 1 (0.68%) French Language
7 1 (0.68%) German Language
7 1 (0.68%) Italian Language
7 1 (0.68%) Manufacturing
Job Titles
1 25 (17.01%) DevOps Engineer
2 22 (14.97%) Developer
3 19 (12.93%) Azure Engineer
4 12 (8.16%) Azure DevOps
5 11 (7.48%) Azure DevOps Engineer
6 8 (5.44%) Azure Developer
6 8 (5.44%) C# Developer
7 7 (4.76%) Architect
7 7 (4.76%) Azure Architect
7 7 (4.76%) Infrastructure Engineer
7 7 (4.76%) VMware Engineer
8 6 (4.08%) .NET Developer
8 6 (4.08%) Angular Developer
8 6 (4.08%) Automation Engineer
8 6 (4.08%) JavaScript Developer
8 6 (4.08%) Support Engineer
9 5 (3.40%) C# .NET Developer
9 5 (3.40%) Sitecore Developer
10 4 (2.72%) Applications Engineer
10 4 (2.72%) AWS Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 22 (14.97%) .NET
2 17 (11.56%) Elastic Stack
3 13 (8.84%) HTML
4 12 (8.16%) AngularJS
4 12 (8.16%) CSS
5 8 (5.44%) .NET Framework
5 8 (5.44%) ASP.NET
5 8 (5.44%) Node.js
6 6 (4.08%) ASP.NET MVC
6 6 (4.08%) jQuery
6 6 (4.08%) Razor View Engine
6 6 (4.08%) Twitter Bootstrap
6 6 (4.08%) Web Services
7 5 (3.40%) Ajax
7 5 (3.40%) Angular 2
7 5 (3.40%) Kendo UI
7 5 (3.40%) LESS
7 5 (3.40%) RESTful
7 5 (3.40%) Vue.js
8 3 (2.04%) Middleware
Miscellaneous
1 20 (13.61%) Data Centre
2 10 (6.80%) Hybrid Cloud
3 9 (6.12%) Analytical Skills
4 5 (3.40%) Greenfield Project
4 5 (3.40%) Management Information System
4 5 (3.40%) RIA
5 4 (2.72%) HP StoreVirtual
5 4 (2.72%) Linux Command Line
6 3 (2.04%) Clustering
6 3 (2.04%) Enterprise Software
6 3 (2.04%) User Experience
7 2 (1.36%) Blackberry
7 2 (1.36%) Home Automation
7 2 (1.36%) Mobile App
7 2 (1.36%) Public Cloud
7 2 (1.36%) Smartphone
7 2 (1.36%) Video\Live Streaming
7 2 (1.36%) VLE
8 1 (0.68%) Hedge funds
8 1 (0.68%) iPad
Operating Systems
1 70 (47.62%) Windows
2 38 (25.85%) Windows Server
3 35 (23.81%) Linux
4 23 (15.65%) Windows 10
5 15 (10.20%) Windows 7
6 14 (9.52%) Ubuntu
7 12 (8.16%) Windows Server 2008
8 6 (4.08%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 5 (3.40%) CentOS
9 5 (3.40%) Unix
9 5 (3.40%) Windows Server 2012
10 4 (2.72%) Android
11 3 (2.04%) Mac OS X
12 2 (1.36%) Apple iOS
12 2 (1.36%) Data ONTAP
12 2 (1.36%) DC/OS
12 2 (1.36%) Mac OS
13 1 (0.68%) Solaris
13 1 (0.68%) VMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 40 (27.21%) Agile Software Development
2 39 (26.53%) DevOps
3 31 (21.09%) Migration
4 25 (17.01%) Analytics
4 25 (17.01%) Configuration Management
5 20 (13.61%) Test Automation
6 18 (12.24%) Continuous Integration
7 17 (11.56%) Scrum
8 16 (10.88%) High Availability
8 16 (10.88%) Problem-Solving
9 14 (9.52%) ITIL
10 13 (8.84%) Infrastructure as Code
11 12 (8.16%) Security Hardening
11 12 (8.16%) Server Management
12 11 (7.48%) MVC
13 10 (6.80%) Continuous Improvement
13 10 (6.80%) Infrastructure Engineering
14 9 (6.12%) Change Management
14 9 (6.12%) Personalization
14 9 (6.12%) Project Management
Programming Languages
1 39 (26.53%) PowerShell
2 33 (22.45%) SQL
3 27 (18.37%) Python
4 23 (15.65%) C#
5 19 (12.93%) Bash Shell
6 15 (10.20%) Java
7 14 (9.52%) JavaScript
8 5 (3.40%) Groovy
8 5 (3.40%) Shell Script
9 2 (1.36%) C++
9 2 (1.36%) Go
9 2 (1.36%) Perl
9 2 (1.36%) VB
9 2 (1.36%) VBScript
10 1 (0.68%) C
10 1 (0.68%) PHP
10 1 (0.68%) PL/SQL
10 1 (0.68%) Ruby
10 1 (0.68%) T-SQL
10 1 (0.68%) VBA
Qualifications
1 28 (19.05%) Security Cleared
2 27 (18.37%) SC Cleared
3 18 (12.24%) DV Cleared
4 4 (2.72%) Degree
4 4 (2.72%) ITIL Certification
5 3 (2.04%) Microsoft Certification
6 2 (1.36%) Cisco Certification
6 2 (1.36%) CISSP
6 2 (1.36%) Network+ Certification
7 1 (0.68%) A+ Certification
7 1 (0.68%) CCIE
7 1 (0.68%) CCNA
7 1 (0.68%) CCNP
7 1 (0.68%) CCSP
7 1 (0.68%) Citrix Certification
7 1 (0.68%) MCITP
7 1 (0.68%) MCSA
7 1 (0.68%) MCTS
7 1 (0.68%) Novell Certification
7 1 (0.68%) RHCE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 5 (3.40%) Government Security Classifications
1 5 (3.40%) NCSC
2 2 (1.36%) QA
3 1 (0.68%) HMG Security Policy Framework
3 1 (0.68%) SLA
System Software
1 47 (31.97%) Active Directory
2 39 (26.53%) VMware Infrastructure
3 29 (19.73%) Docker
4 20 (13.61%) Hyper-V
5 16 (10.88%) vSphere
6 12 (8.16%) NFS
7 11 (7.48%) VMware ESXi
8 10 (6.80%) VMFS
8 10 (6.80%) VMware NSX
9 7 (4.76%) XenDesktop
10 6 (4.08%) Virtual Desktop
11 4 (2.72%) Microsoft App-V
11 4 (2.72%) VMware Server
12 3 (2.04%) XenApp
13 2 (1.36%) VirtualBox
14 1 (0.68%) Gluster
14 1 (0.68%) LXC
14 1 (0.68%) VMware Workstation
Systems Management
1 32 (21.77%) Puppet
2 24 (16.33%) Ansible
3 21 (14.29%) Terraform
4 20 (13.61%) Kubernetes
5 17 (11.56%) Opscode Chef
6 15 (10.20%) SCCM
7 12 (8.16%) Host Intrusion Detection System
7 12 (8.16%) Network Intrusion Detection System
8 11 (7.48%) vRealize
9 10 (6.80%) vCenter Server
9 10 (6.80%) vMotion
10 8 (5.44%) Microsoft Data Protection Manager
11 4 (2.72%) Docker Swarm
12 3 (2.04%) Microsoft Clustering
12 3 (2.04%) Microsoft Intune
12 3 (2.04%) Norton AntiVirus
12 3 (2.04%) Prometheus
12 3 (2.04%) SCOM
12 3 (2.04%) SCOrch
12 3 (2.04%) WSUS
Vendors
1 40 (27.21%) VMware
2 37 (25.17%) Microsoft
3 13 (8.84%) Citrix
4 10 (6.80%) HP
5 6 (4.08%) Cisco
5 6 (4.08%) Ivanti
5 6 (4.08%) Red Hat
5 6 (4.08%) Sitecore
5 6 (4.08%) Splunk
6 5 (3.40%) Apple
6 5 (3.40%) Oracle
7 4 (2.72%) 3PAR
7 4 (2.72%) Dell Compellent
7 4 (2.72%) Symantec
8 3 (2.04%) Adobe
8 3 (2.04%) Lumension
8 3 (2.04%) Sophos
9 2 (1.36%) Juniper
9 2 (1.36%) NetApp
9 2 (1.36%) SAP