Period
to

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for Virtual Machines skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Virtual Machines over the 6 months to 4 July 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Virtual Machine (VM)
Central London > City of London
6 months to
4 Jul 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 156 151 135
Rank change year-on-year -5 -16 +80
Contract jobs citing Virtual Machines 39 17 8
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the City of London 0.89% 0.53% 0.29%
As % of the System Software category 6.37% 3.68% 1.93%
Number of daily rates quoted 25 5 5
10th Percentile £419 £399 £295
25th Percentile £513 £406 £363
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £565 £413 £450
Median % change year-on-year +36.97% -8.33% -7.69%
75th Percentile £873 £438 £550
90th Percentile £934 £571 £565
Central London median daily rate £565 £413 £488
% change year-on-year +36.97% -15.38% -9.30%

Virtual Machines is in the System Software category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for system software skills.

All System Software Skills
City of London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for system software skills 612 462 414
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 14.00% 14.45% 15.11%
Number of daily rates quoted 493 324 330
10th Percentile £270 £372 £241
25th Percentile £463 £450 £413
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £525 £500
Median % change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% -
75th Percentile £688 £630 £600
90th Percentile £773 £700 £650
Central London median daily rate £550 £525 £500
% change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% -4.76%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1 1 8
10th Percentile - - -
25th Percentile £25.25 - £12.42
Median hourly rate £26.50 £23.00 £13.26
Median % change year-on-year +15.22% +73.49% -36.87%
75th Percentile £27.75 - £19.28
90th Percentile - - £26.18
Central London median hourly rate £23.25 £20.00 £14.35
% change year-on-year +16.25% +39.42% -31.69%

Virtual Machines
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing Virtual Machines as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for Virtual Machines in the City of London

Virtual Machines
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Virtual Machines in the City of London.

Daily rate trend for Virtual Machines in the City of London

Virtual Machines
Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Virtual Machines in the City of London over the 6 months to 4 July 2022.

Daily rate histogram for Virtual Machines in the City of London

Virtual Machines
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Virtual Machines in the City of London.

Hourly rate trend for Virtual Machines in the City of London

For the 6 months to 4 July 2022, IT contractor jobs citing Virtual Machines also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for Virtual Machines.

1 17 (43.59%) Azure
2 16 (41.03%) Python
3 15 (38.46%) Terraform
4 13 (33.33%) Network Virtualisation
4 13 (33.33%) Ansible
4 13 (33.33%) DevOps
5 12 (30.77%) AWS
6 11 (28.21%) Migration
6 11 (28.21%) Jenkins
7 10 (25.64%) Social Skills
7 10 (25.64%) Scrum
7 10 (25.64%) Windows
7 10 (25.64%) Linux
7 10 (25.64%) PowerShell
7 10 (25.64%) Agile
8 9 (23.08%) Continuous Integration
8 9 (23.08%) Microsoft
9 8 (20.51%) Java
9 8 (20.51%) Oracle
9 8 (20.51%) Finance
9 8 (20.51%) Security Cleared
9 8 (20.51%) Git (software)
9 8 (20.51%) Windows Server
9 8 (20.51%) Consul
9 8 (20.51%) Packer
9 8 (20.51%) CI/CD
10 7 (17.95%) Secrets Management
10 7 (17.95%) Infrastructure Engineering
10 7 (17.95%) Docker
10 7 (17.95%) Public Cloud

Virtual Machines
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 3 (7.69%) Apache
1 3 (7.69%) Tomcat
2 2 (5.13%) SharePoint
3 1 (2.56%) OpenStack
Business Applications
1 1 (2.56%) Oracle Cash Management
Cloud Services
1 17 (43.59%) Azure
2 12 (30.77%) AWS
3 5 (12.82%) Azure Key Vault
3 5 (12.82%) OpenShift
3 5 (12.82%) PaaS
4 4 (10.26%) AWS CloudFormation
4 4 (10.26%) Azure Storage
4 4 (10.26%) GitHub
5 3 (7.69%) Azure Stack
5 3 (7.69%) Microsoft 365
6 2 (5.13%) Azure Active Directory
6 2 (5.13%) IaaS
6 2 (5.13%) Slack
7 1 (2.56%) Amazon ELB
7 1 (2.56%) Azure App Service
7 1 (2.56%) Azure DevOps
7 1 (2.56%) Azure Monitor
7 1 (2.56%) Cloud Computing
7 1 (2.56%) GCP
7 1 (2.56%) SaaS
Communications & Networking
1 6 (15.38%) Network Security
2 5 (12.82%) VSAN
3 4 (10.26%) Firewall
4 3 (7.69%) LAN
5 1 (2.56%) HTTP
5 1 (2.56%) Internet
5 1 (2.56%) MPLS
5 1 (2.56%) SAN
5 1 (2.56%) SD-WAN
5 1 (2.56%) Unified Communications
5 1 (2.56%) VoIP
5 1 (2.56%) VPN
5 1 (2.56%) WAN
5 1 (2.56%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 4 (10.26%) Oracle Database
1 4 (10.26%) Relational Database
2 1 (2.56%) Big Data
2 1 (2.56%) Redis
Development Applications
1 11 (28.21%) Jenkins
2 8 (20.51%) Git (software)
3 7 (17.95%) JIRA
4 3 (7.69%) git-flow
4 3 (7.69%) RSpec
5 2 (5.13%) Cucumber
5 2 (5.13%) Protractor
5 2 (5.13%) Selenium
6 1 (2.56%) AppScan
6 1 (2.56%) Burp Suite
6 1 (2.56%) Team Foundation Server
6 1 (2.56%) Visual Studio
General
1 10 (25.64%) Social Skills
2 8 (20.51%) Finance
3 4 (10.26%) Banking
3 4 (10.26%) Documentation Skills
4 3 (7.69%) Financial Institution
5 2 (5.13%) Analytical Skills
5 2 (5.13%) Legal
6 1 (2.56%) Public Sector
Job Titles
1 6 (15.38%) Azure Engineer
1 6 (15.38%) Developer
2 5 (12.82%) Cloud Engineer
2 5 (12.82%) Infrastructure Specialist
2 5 (12.82%) Oracle Developer
2 5 (12.82%) VMware Engineer
3 4 (10.26%) DevOps Engineer
3 4 (10.26%) Java Developer
3 4 (10.26%) Java Engineer
3 4 (10.26%) Security Engineer
4 3 (7.69%) AWS DevOps
4 3 (7.69%) AWS DevOps Engineer
4 3 (7.69%) AWS Engineer
5 2 (5.13%) Development Engineer
5 2 (5.13%) Python Engineer
5 2 (5.13%) Python Software Engineer
5 2 (5.13%) Senior Development Engineer
5 2 (5.13%) Senior Software Development Engineer
5 2 (5.13%) Senior Software Test Engineer
5 2 (5.13%) Software Development Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 5 (12.82%) JSON
2 4 (10.26%) Node.js
2 4 (10.26%) React
2 4 (10.26%) Spring
2 4 (10.26%) Spring Boot
3 3 (7.69%) Elastic Stack
4 2 (5.13%) Gherkin
4 2 (5.13%) pytest
4 2 (5.13%) RESTful
5 1 (2.56%) .NET
5 1 (2.56%) ASP.NET
5 1 (2.56%) REST
5 1 (2.56%) SOAP
5 1 (2.56%) Software Packaging
5 1 (2.56%) XML
Miscellaneous
1 7 (17.95%) Public Cloud
2 6 (15.38%) Hybrid Cloud
3 5 (12.82%) Data Centre
3 5 (12.82%) Replication
4 4 (10.26%) Management Information System
5 2 (5.13%) Hedge funds
5 2 (5.13%) Self-Motivation
6 1 (2.56%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
6 1 (2.56%) IoT
6 1 (2.56%) User Experience
Operating Systems
1 10 (25.64%) Linux
1 10 (25.64%) Windows
2 8 (20.51%) Windows Server
3 5 (12.82%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
3 5 (12.82%) Windows Server 2016
3 5 (12.82%) Windows Server 2019
4 3 (7.69%) Mac OS
4 3 (7.69%) Windows 10
5 2 (5.13%) Windows Server 2008
6 1 (2.56%) Unix
6 1 (2.56%) VMS
6 1 (2.56%) Windows 7
Processes & Methodologies
1 13 (33.33%) DevOps
1 13 (33.33%) Network Virtualisation
2 11 (28.21%) Migration
3 10 (25.64%) Agile
3 10 (25.64%) Scrum
4 9 (23.08%) Continuous Integration
5 8 (20.51%) CI/CD
6 7 (17.95%) Infrastructure Engineering
6 7 (17.95%) Project Management
6 7 (17.95%) Secrets Management
7 6 (15.38%) Disaster Recovery
7 6 (15.38%) Infrastructure as Code
8 5 (12.82%) Build Automation
8 5 (12.82%) Immutable Infrastructure
8 5 (12.82%) Infrastructure Automation
8 5 (12.82%) Microservices
8 5 (12.82%) Release Management
8 5 (12.82%) Security Architecture
8 5 (12.82%) Test Automation
9 4 (10.26%) Trend Analysis
Programming Languages
1 16 (41.03%) Python
2 10 (25.64%) PowerShell
3 8 (20.51%) Java
4 7 (17.95%) Bash
5 5 (12.82%) Groovy
6 4 (10.26%) Perl
6 4 (10.26%) Ruby
6 4 (10.26%) SQL
7 3 (7.69%) C
7 3 (7.69%) C++
7 3 (7.69%) Go
8 2 (5.13%) Shell Script
9 1 (2.56%) C#
9 1 (2.56%) PHP
Qualifications
1 8 (20.51%) Security Cleared
2 5 (12.82%) SC Cleared
3 1 (2.56%) CEH
3 1 (2.56%) CISSP
3 1 (2.56%) CSSLP
3 1 (2.56%) GIAC
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 2 (5.13%) GDPR
1 2 (5.13%) QA
2 1 (2.56%) Actionable Recommendations
System Software
1 7 (17.95%) Docker
2 2 (5.13%) Active Directory
2 2 (5.13%) VMware Infrastructure
3 1 (2.56%) Microsoft App-V
3 1 (2.56%) Virtual Desktop
Systems Management
1 15 (38.46%) Terraform
2 13 (33.33%) Ansible
3 8 (20.51%) Consul
3 8 (20.51%) Packer
4 7 (17.95%) Puppet
5 4 (10.26%) Kubernetes
6 3 (7.69%) Icinga
6 3 (7.69%) Microsoft Intune
6 3 (7.69%) Opscode Chef
6 3 (7.69%) Prometheus
6 3 (7.69%) Salt
7 2 (5.13%) Jamf Pro
8 1 (2.56%) HP Fortify
8 1 (2.56%) Nessus
8 1 (2.56%) Norton AntiVirus
8 1 (2.56%) SCCM
8 1 (2.56%) VxRail
8 1 (2.56%) WebInspect
Vendors
1 9 (23.08%) Microsoft
2 8 (20.51%) Oracle
3 7 (17.95%) VMware
4 2 (5.13%) AppDynamics
4 2 (5.13%) Qualys
4 2 (5.13%) Splunk
5 1 (2.56%) Altiris
5 1 (2.56%) Bloomberg
5 1 (2.56%) Cisco
5 1 (2.56%) Citrix
5 1 (2.56%) CyberArk
5 1 (2.56%) Cybereason
5 1 (2.56%) Google
5 1 (2.56%) HP
5 1 (2.56%) IBM
5 1 (2.56%) McAfee
5 1 (2.56%) Proofpoint
5 1 (2.56%) Red Hat
5 1 (2.56%) Reuters
5 1 (2.56%) Symantec