Period
to 7 April 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for Virtual Machines skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Virtual Machines over the 6 months to 7 April 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Virtual Machine (VM)
Central London > City of London
6 months to
7 Apr 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 163 220 232
Rank change year-on-year +57 +12 -21
Contract jobs citing Virtual Machines 17 26 28
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the City of London 0.41% 0.38% 0.39%
As % of the System Software category 3.03% 2.08% 2.86%
Number of daily rates quoted 10 21 18
Median daily rate £425 £475 £408
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -10.53% +16.56% -9.44%
10th Percentile £284 £406 £160
90th Percentile £498 £613 £521
Central London median daily rate £425 £525 £475
% change year-on-year -19.05% +10.53% +5.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1 1 2
Median hourly rate £12.00 £14.00 £21.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -14.29% -33.33% -
10th Percentile £11.00 £14.00 £20.50
90th Percentile £13.00 £14.00 £21.50
Central London median hourly rate £12.00 £14.00 £21.00
% change year-on-year -14.29% -33.33% -

Virtual Machines is in the System Software category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for system software skills.

All System Software Skills
City of London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for system software skills 561 1,251 980
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 13.63% 18.32% 13.79%
Number of daily rates quoted 435 942 770
Median daily rate £513 £500 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.50% - +8.11%
10th Percentile £205 £178 £232
90th Percentile £650 £650 £638
Central London median daily rate £500 £525 £500
% change year-on-year -4.76% +5.00% +11.11%
Number of hourly rates quoted 17 17 36
Median hourly rate £18.00 £16.60 £17.25
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +8.43% -3.77% -19.77%
10th Percentile £12.42 £12.56 £10.88
90th Percentile £35.00 £22.10 £24.38
Median hourly rate £18.70 £18.70 £17.25
% change year-on-year - +8.41% -20.69%

Virtual Machines
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing Virtual Machines as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for Virtual Machines in the City of London

Virtual Machines
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Virtual Machines in the City of London.

Daily rate trend for Virtual Machines in the City of London

Virtual Machines
Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Virtual Machines in the City of London over the 6 months to 7 April 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Virtual Machines in the City of London

Virtual Machines
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Virtual Machines in the City of London.

Hourly rate trend for Virtual Machines in the City of London

For the 6 months to 7 April 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Virtual Machines also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for Virtual Machines.

1 10 (58.82%) Azure
2 8 (47.06%) SQL
2 8 (47.06%) Active Directory
3 6 (35.29%) C#
3 6 (35.29%) Windows
4 5 (29.41%) Azure SQL Database
4 5 (29.41%) Analytics
4 5 (29.41%) Azure Active Directory
4 5 (29.41%) Data Lake
4 5 (29.41%) Azure Data Factory
5 4 (23.53%) Data Lake Analytics
5 4 (23.53%) Windows Server
5 4 (23.53%) Adaptive Web Design
5 4 (23.53%) Continuous Improvement
5 4 (23.53%) Security Cleared
5 4 (23.53%) SC Cleared
5 4 (23.53%) Test Automation
5 4 (23.53%) .NET
5 4 (23.53%) ITIL
5 4 (23.53%) Microsoft
5 4 (23.53%) Agile Software Development
6 3 (17.65%) VMware
6 3 (17.65%) Telecoms
6 3 (17.65%) Finance
6 3 (17.65%) SQL Server
6 3 (17.65%) Linux
6 3 (17.65%) Windows 7
6 3 (17.65%) vSphere
6 3 (17.65%) VMware Infrastructure
6 3 (17.65%) AWS

Virtual Machines
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 1 (5.88%) Confluence
1 1 (5.88%) Skype for Business
Cloud Services
1 10 (58.82%) Azure
2 5 (29.41%) Azure Active Directory
2 5 (29.41%) Azure Data Factory
3 4 (23.53%) Data Lake Analytics
4 3 (17.65%) AWS
4 3 (17.65%) Azure Functions
4 3 (17.65%) Serverless
5 2 (11.76%) OpenShift
6 1 (5.88%) Amazon CloudWatch
6 1 (5.88%) Amazon EC2
6 1 (5.88%) AWS CloudFormation
6 1 (5.88%) AWS CodePipeline
6 1 (5.88%) Azure Stack
6 1 (5.88%) IaaS
6 1 (5.88%) NuGet
6 1 (5.88%) Office 365
6 1 (5.88%) PaaS
Communications & Networking
1 2 (11.76%) DHCP
1 2 (11.76%) VPN
2 1 (5.88%) Cisco IOS
2 1 (5.88%) DNS
2 1 (5.88%) Firewall
2 1 (5.88%) IP Telephony
2 1 (5.88%) iSCSI
2 1 (5.88%) Network Security
2 1 (5.88%) SAN
2 1 (5.88%) Skype
2 1 (5.88%) VSAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 5 (29.41%) Azure SQL Database
1 5 (29.41%) Data Lake
2 3 (17.65%) SQL Server
3 2 (11.76%) Big Data
3 2 (11.76%) SQL Server Analysis Services
4 1 (5.88%) Amazon RDS
4 1 (5.88%) Azure SQL Data Warehouse
4 1 (5.88%) Data Warehouse
4 1 (5.88%) Microsoft Analysis Services
4 1 (5.88%) MongoDB
4 1 (5.88%) Snowflake Schema
4 1 (5.88%) SQL Server Reporting Services
Development Applications
1 2 (11.76%) Jenkins
2 1 (5.88%) Git (software)
2 1 (5.88%) GitLab
2 1 (5.88%) JIRA
2 1 (5.88%) Maven
2 1 (5.88%) MSI
2 1 (5.88%) SonarQube
2 1 (5.88%) Subversion
2 1 (5.88%) Team Foundation Server
2 1 (5.88%) TeamCity
2 1 (5.88%) WiX
2 1 (5.88%) Zephyr
General
1 3 (17.65%) Finance
1 3 (17.65%) Telecoms
2 1 (5.88%) Public Sector
2 1 (5.88%) Retail
Job Titles
1 4 (23.53%) Azure Developer
1 4 (23.53%) C# Developer
1 4 (23.53%) Developer
2 3 (17.65%) Applications Developer
2 3 (17.65%) C# Application Developer
3 2 (11.76%) .NET Developer
3 2 (11.76%) C# .NET Developer
4 1 (5.88%) .NET Applications Developer
4 1 (5.88%) 2nd Line Engineer
4 1 (5.88%) 2nd Line Support Engineer
4 1 (5.88%) 2nd/3rd Line Support
4 1 (5.88%) Data Engineer
4 1 (5.88%) Deskside Technician
4 1 (5.88%) Infrastructure Manager
4 1 (5.88%) Network Infrastructure Manager
4 1 (5.88%) Network Infrastructure Project Manager
4 1 (5.88%) Network Manager
4 1 (5.88%) Network Project Manager
4 1 (5.88%) Server Specialist
4 1 (5.88%) VMware Specialist
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 4 (23.53%) .NET
2 1 (5.88%) ASP.NET
2 1 (5.88%) Elastic Stack
2 1 (5.88%) J2EE
2 1 (5.88%) Middleware
Miscellaneous
1 2 (11.76%) Analytical Skills
1 2 (11.76%) Blackberry
2 1 (5.88%) BYOD
2 1 (5.88%) CCTV
2 1 (5.88%) Clustering
2 1 (5.88%) Enterprise Software
2 1 (5.88%) Hybrid Cloud
2 1 (5.88%) iPad
2 1 (5.88%) iPhone
2 1 (5.88%) Management Information System
2 1 (5.88%) Replication
2 1 (5.88%) VLE
Operating Systems
1 6 (35.29%) Windows
2 4 (23.53%) Windows Server
3 3 (17.65%) Linux
3 3 (17.65%) Windows 7
4 2 (11.76%) Android
4 2 (11.76%) Unix
4 2 (11.76%) Windows Server 2008
5 1 (5.88%) CentOS
5 1 (5.88%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 1 (5.88%) Solaris
5 1 (5.88%) Windows 10
5 1 (5.88%) Windows Server 2003
5 1 (5.88%) Windows Server 2012
5 1 (5.88%) Windows Server 2016
5 1 (5.88%) Windows XP
Processes & Methodologies
1 5 (29.41%) Analytics
2 4 (23.53%) Adaptive Web Design
2 4 (23.53%) Agile Software Development
2 4 (23.53%) Continuous Improvement
2 4 (23.53%) ITIL
2 4 (23.53%) Test Automation
3 3 (17.65%) Problem-Solving
4 2 (11.76%) Data Protection
4 2 (11.76%) DevOps
4 2 (11.76%) Information Security
5 1 (5.88%) Creative Problem-Solving
5 1 (5.88%) Data Architecture
5 1 (5.88%) Data Engineering
5 1 (5.88%) Data Privacy
5 1 (5.88%) Defect Management
5 1 (5.88%) Mentoring
5 1 (5.88%) Microservices
5 1 (5.88%) Operational Acceptance Testing
5 1 (5.88%) Patch Management
5 1 (5.88%) Resilience Testing
Programming Languages
1 8 (47.06%) SQL
2 6 (35.29%) C#
3 2 (11.76%) PowerShell
4 1 (5.88%) Bash Shell
4 1 (5.88%) Java
4 1 (5.88%) Python
Qualifications
1 4 (23.53%) SC Cleared
1 4 (23.53%) Security Cleared
2 2 (11.76%) Degree
3 1 (5.88%) DV Cleared
3 1 (5.88%) MCP
3 1 (5.88%) Microsoft Certification
System Software
1 8 (47.06%) Active Directory
2 3 (17.65%) VMware Infrastructure
2 3 (17.65%) vSphere
3 2 (11.76%) Hyper-V
4 1 (5.88%) Docker
4 1 (5.88%) NFS
4 1 (5.88%) Virtual Desktop
4 1 (5.88%) VMFS
4 1 (5.88%) VMware ESXi
4 1 (5.88%) VMware NSX
4 1 (5.88%) VMware Server
Systems Management
1 2 (11.76%) Ansible
1 2 (11.76%) Opscode Chef
1 2 (11.76%) Puppet
1 2 (11.76%) Terraform
2 1 (5.88%) Grafana
2 1 (5.88%) Kubernetes
2 1 (5.88%) Microsoft Clustering
2 1 (5.88%) Microsoft Data Protection Manager
2 1 (5.88%) SCCM
2 1 (5.88%) SCOM
2 1 (5.88%) SCOrch
2 1 (5.88%) vCenter Server
2 1 (5.88%) vMotion
2 1 (5.88%) vRealize
2 1 (5.88%) ZABBIX
Vendors
1 4 (23.53%) Microsoft
2 3 (17.65%) VMware
3 2 (11.76%) Citrix
3 2 (11.76%) HP
3 2 (11.76%) ServiceNow
4 1 (5.88%) 3PAR
4 1 (5.88%) Apple
4 1 (5.88%) Cisco
4 1 (5.88%) Databricks
4 1 (5.88%) Dell
4 1 (5.88%) Dell Compellent
4 1 (5.88%) F5
4 1 (5.88%) MobileIron
4 1 (5.88%) Red Hat
4 1 (5.88%) Splunk