Period
to 15 August 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for Functional Programming skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Functional Programming over the 6 months to 15 August 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Functional Programming
Central London > City of London
6 months to
15 Aug 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 220 196 220
Rank change year-on-year -24 +24 +59
Contract jobs citing Functional Programming 40 44 13
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 0.57% 0.67% 0.19%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 0.66% 0.76% 0.22%
Number of daily rates quoted 38 35 12
City of London median daily rate £550 £625 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -12.00% +38.89% -25.00%
10th Percentile £463 £495 £426
90th Percentile £653 £738 £642
Central London median daily rate £550 £625 £500
% change year-on-year -12.00% +25.00% -9.09%
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 0 0
City of London median hourly rate - - -
Central London median hourly rate - - -

Functional Programming is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
City of London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 6,095 5,825 5,968
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 87.28% 88.80% 87.87%
Number of daily rates quoted 4,829 4,488 4,804
City of London median daily rate £513 £500 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.50% +5.26% +5.56%
10th Percentile £331 £320 £313
90th Percentile £688 £675 £650
Central London median daily rate £500 £500 £470
% change year-on-year - +6.38% +4.44%
Number of hourly rates quoted 105 58 45
City of London median hourly rate £18.70 £20.52 £20.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -8.87% +2.60% -4.76%
10th Percentile £13.31 £13.34 £11.25
90th Percentile £29.42 £30.98 £45.63
Central London median hourly rate £18.70 £18.70 £20.00
% change year-on-year - -6.50% -4.76%

Functional Programming
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing Functional Programming as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for Functional Programming in the City of London

Functional Programming
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Functional Programming in the City of London.

Contractor daily rate trend for Functional Programming in the City of London

Functional Programming
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Functional Programming in the City of London over the 6 months to 15 August 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Functional Programming in the City of London

For the 6 months to 15 August 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Functional Programming also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for Functional Programming.

1 27 (67.50%) Java
2 25 (62.50%) Agile Software Development
3 22 (55.00%) JavaScript
4 21 (52.50%) TDD
5 18 (45.00%) Git (software)
6 17 (42.50%) Credit Risk
6 17 (42.50%) React
7 16 (40.00%) Docker
7 16 (40.00%) BDD
7 16 (40.00%) Kafka
8 14 (35.00%) AngularJS
8 14 (35.00%) Amazon AWS
8 14 (35.00%) Apache
9 13 (32.50%) Linux
10 12 (30.00%) CSS
10 12 (30.00%) HTML
10 12 (30.00%) HTTP
10 12 (30.00%) HTML5
10 12 (30.00%) ES6
11 11 (27.50%) Microservices
11 11 (27.50%) Apache Spark
11 11 (27.50%) MongoDB
11 11 (27.50%) NoSQL
11 11 (27.50%) REST
12 10 (25.00%) RabbitMQ
12 10 (25.00%) Parallel Processing
12 10 (25.00%) Heroku
12 10 (25.00%) Redis
12 10 (25.00%) OAuth2
12 10 (25.00%) Parallel Computing

Functional Programming
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 14 (35.00%) Apache
2 11 (27.50%) Apache Spark
3 1 (2.50%) Elasticsearch
3 1 (2.50%) OpenStack
Business Applications
1 3 (7.50%) Distributed Ledger
Cloud Services
1 14 (35.00%) Amazon AWS
2 10 (25.00%) Heroku
3 3 (7.50%) npm
3 3 (7.50%) Yarn
4 2 (5.00%) Cloud Computing
4 2 (5.00%) Microsoft Azure
5 1 (2.50%) AWS Lambda
5 1 (2.50%) Google Cloud Platform
5 1 (2.50%) Serverless
Communications & Networking
1 12 (30.00%) HTTP
2 10 (25.00%) DNS
2 10 (25.00%) FTP
2 10 (25.00%) SSL
2 10 (25.00%) TCP/IP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 11 (27.50%) MongoDB
1 11 (27.50%) NoSQL
2 10 (25.00%) PostgreSQL
2 10 (25.00%) Redis
3 3 (7.50%) Blockchain
3 3 (7.50%) Hazelcast
3 3 (7.50%) SQL Server
4 1 (2.50%) Apache Cassandra
4 1 (2.50%) DB2
4 1 (2.50%) KDB
4 1 (2.50%) Kdb+
Development Applications
1 18 (45.00%) Git (software)
2 10 (25.00%) GitLab
3 6 (15.00%) Jenkins
4 4 (10.00%) webpack
5 2 (5.00%) Cucumber
5 2 (5.00%) JUnit
5 2 (5.00%) Mockito
6 1 (2.50%) Jasmine
6 1 (2.50%) Maven
6 1 (2.50%) Mocha
6 1 (2.50%) Robot Framework
General
1 9 (22.50%) Finance
2 8 (20.00%) Banking
2 8 (20.00%) Front Office
Job Titles
1 36 (90.00%) Developer
2 13 (32.50%) Senior Developer
3 10 (25.00%) Java Developer
3 10 (25.00%) Ruby Developer
4 9 (22.50%) Senior Java Developer
5 7 (17.50%) Credit Risk Developer
5 7 (17.50%) Credit Risk Java Developer
5 7 (17.50%) Senior Credit Risk Java Developer
6 5 (12.50%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
6 5 (12.50%) Full Stack Developer
7 4 (10.00%) React Developer
8 3 (7.50%) .NET Developer
8 3 (7.50%) JavaScript Developer
9 2 (5.00%) Android Developer
9 2 (5.00%) Blockchain Engineer
9 2 (5.00%) Scala Developer
9 2 (5.00%) Senior Android Developer
10 1 (2.50%) Agile Developer
10 1 (2.50%) Java Scala Developer
10 1 (2.50%) KDB Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 17 (42.50%) React
2 16 (40.00%) Kafka
3 14 (35.00%) AngularJS
4 12 (30.00%) CSS
4 12 (30.00%) HTML
4 12 (30.00%) HTML5
5 11 (27.50%) REST
6 10 (25.00%) OAuth
6 10 (25.00%) OAuth2
6 10 (25.00%) RabbitMQ
6 10 (25.00%) Ruby on Rails
6 10 (25.00%) SOAP
7 6 (15.00%) RESTful
8 5 (12.50%) lodash
8 5 (12.50%) Ramda
8 5 (12.50%) Redux
8 5 (12.50%) Web Services
9 4 (10.00%) Jest
9 4 (10.00%) React Native
10 3 (7.50%) ASP.NET Web API
Miscellaneous
1 17 (42.50%) Credit Risk
2 10 (25.00%) Fintech
3 8 (20.00%) Greenfield Project
4 4 (10.00%) iPad
5 3 (7.50%) Derivative
5 3 (7.50%) User Experience
6 1 (2.50%) Cloud Native
6 1 (2.50%) Equities
6 1 (2.50%) Fixed Income
6 1 (2.50%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
6 1 (2.50%) Self-Motivation
Operating Systems
1 13 (32.50%) Linux
2 4 (10.00%) Apple iOS
3 2 (5.00%) Android
Processes & Methodologies
1 25 (62.50%) Agile Software Development
2 21 (52.50%) TDD
3 16 (40.00%) BDD
4 11 (27.50%) Microservices
5 10 (25.00%) OWASP
5 10 (25.00%) Parallel Computing
5 10 (25.00%) Parallel Processing
6 9 (22.50%) Electronic Trading
7 8 (20.00%) Multithreading
8 7 (17.50%) Continuous Integration
9 6 (15.00%) Low Latency
10 4 (10.00%) DevOps
10 4 (10.00%) Software Engineering
11 3 (7.50%) Continuous Deployment
11 3 (7.50%) ETL
11 3 (7.50%) MVC
11 3 (7.50%) Test Automation
11 3 (7.50%) Unit Testing
12 2 (5.00%) Android Development
12 2 (5.00%) Data Science
Programming Languages
1 27 (67.50%) Java
2 22 (55.00%) JavaScript
3 12 (30.00%) ES6
4 10 (25.00%) Java 8
4 10 (25.00%) Ruby
4 10 (25.00%) Scala
5 7 (17.50%) Clojure
6 4 (10.00%) Apple Swift
6 4 (10.00%) SQL
7 3 (7.50%) C#
7 3 (7.50%) F#
7 3 (7.50%) Objective-C
8 2 (5.00%) ES7
8 2 (5.00%) Kotlin
9 1 (2.50%) C
9 1 (2.50%) Python
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 1 (2.50%) MiFID
System Software
1 16 (40.00%) Docker
2 1 (2.50%) Virtual Machines
Systems Management
1 10 (25.00%) Marathon
1 10 (25.00%) Mesos
2 7 (17.50%) Kubernetes
3 1 (2.50%) rkt
Vendors
1 3 (7.50%) Oracle
2 1 (2.50%) Apple
2 1 (2.50%) Google
2 1 (2.50%) Informatica
2 1 (2.50%) Sybase
2 1 (2.50%) TIBCO