Period
to 19 August 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for CSS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited CSS over the 6 months to 19 August 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

CSS (Cascading Style Sheets)
Central London > City of London
6 months to
19 Aug 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 21 14 13
Rank change year-on-year -7 -1 +11
Contract jobs citing CSS 555 623 634
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 7.94% 9.36% 9.38%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 20.02% 24.79% 26.93%
Number of daily rates quoted 437 515 545
City of London median daily rate £475 £475 £438
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +8.57% +14.38%
10th Percentile £313 £313 £300
90th Percentile £650 £638 £588
Central London median daily rate £475 £475 £425
% change year-on-year - +11.76% +11.84%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1 1 0
City of London median hourly rate £55.00 £35.00 -
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +57.14% - -
Central London median hourly rate £55.00 £35.00 -
% change year-on-year +57.14% - -

CSS is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
City of London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 2,772 2,513 2,354
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 39.65% 37.75% 34.82%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,265 2,022 1,993
City of London median daily rate £525 £500 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% +2.70%
10th Percentile £370 £363 £321
90th Percentile £675 £650 £638
Central London median daily rate £525 £500 £452
% change year-on-year +5.00% +10.74% +0.33%
Number of hourly rates quoted 10 11 5
City of London median hourly rate £22.00 £24.49 £20.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -10.15% +22.43% -32.47%
10th Percentile £20.38 £20.75 £16.69
90th Percentile £45.63 £29.62 £50.43
Central London median hourly rate £22.00 £24.36 £20.00
% change year-on-year -9.69% +21.80% -42.86%

CSS
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing CSS as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for CSS in the City of London

CSS
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing CSS in the City of London.

Contractor daily rate trend for CSS in the City of London

CSS
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing CSS in the City of London over the 6 months to 19 August 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for CSS in the City of London

CSS
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS in the City of London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for CSS in the City of London

CSS
Contract Job Locations in the City of London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS within the City of London region over the 6 months to 19 August 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London Bridge -13 8 £400 +23.08%
Moorgate -5 5 £400 -27.27%
CSS
Central London

For the 6 months to 19 August 2018, IT contractor jobs citing CSS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for CSS.

1 510 (91.89%) HTML
2 444 (80.00%) JavaScript
3 259 (46.67%) HTML5
4 225 (40.54%) AngularJS
5 219 (39.46%) Agile Software Development
6 195 (35.14%) CSS3
7 187 (33.69%) React
8 162 (29.19%) Front End Development
9 148 (26.67%) Git (software)
10 146 (26.31%) TDD
11 130 (23.42%) Node.js
12 124 (22.34%) User Experience
13 103 (18.56%) Finance
14 101 (18.20%) .NET
15 96 (17.30%) Sass
16 94 (16.94%) jQuery
16 94 (16.94%) ES6
17 93 (16.76%) C#
18 91 (16.40%) Java
18 91 (16.40%) MVC
19 87 (15.68%) Web Development
20 81 (14.59%) REST
21 80 (14.41%) gulp
22 79 (14.23%) Redux
23 75 (13.51%) BDD
24 72 (12.97%) TypeScript
25 70 (12.61%) RESTful
26 69 (12.43%) Docker
27 63 (11.35%) webpack
27 63 (11.35%) Amazon AWS

CSS
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 23 (4.14%) Apache Spark
1 23 (4.14%) Elasticsearch
2 20 (3.60%) WordPress
3 18 (3.24%) CMS
4 14 (2.52%) Apache
5 13 (2.34%) SharePoint
6 12 (2.16%) Sitecore CMS
7 10 (1.80%) IBM Domino
8 9 (1.62%) Tomcat
9 8 (1.44%) Confluence
9 8 (1.44%) Umbraco
10 7 (1.26%) Drupal
11 6 (1.08%) Adobe Experience Manager
12 4 (0.72%) SharePoint Server
13 3 (0.54%) IIS
14 2 (0.36%) Apache Solr
14 2 (0.36%) EPiServer
14 2 (0.36%) OpenStack
14 2 (0.36%) SharePoint 2010
14 2 (0.36%) SharePoint 2013
Applications
1 22 (3.96%) Adobe Creative Suite
2 17 (3.06%) OmniGraffle
3 10 (1.80%) InVision
4 8 (1.44%) Adobe Illustrator
4 8 (1.44%) Photoshop
5 6 (1.08%) InDesign
6 5 (0.90%) InfoPath
7 2 (0.36%) Adobe Premiere
7 2 (0.36%) Fireworks
7 2 (0.36%) Microsoft Excel
7 2 (0.36%) MS Visio
8 1 (0.18%) Camtasia
8 1 (0.18%) Chatbot
8 1 (0.18%) Microsoft Office
8 1 (0.18%) Microsoft Project
8 1 (0.18%) Moqups
Business Applications
1 7 (1.26%) Magento
2 2 (0.36%) Distributed Ledger
2 2 (0.36%) SDL Web 8
3 1 (0.18%) Adobe Campaign
3 1 (0.18%) Dynamics CRM
3 1 (0.18%) Endur
3 1 (0.18%) ION MarketView
3 1 (0.18%) Payment Gateway
3 1 (0.18%) SAP Oil and Gas
Cloud Services
1 63 (11.35%) Amazon AWS
2 49 (8.83%) Microsoft Azure
3 30 (5.41%) Heroku
4 22 (3.96%) npm
5 9 (1.62%) GitHub
6 8 (1.44%) Serverless
7 6 (1.08%) Office 365
8 4 (0.72%) Adobe Creative Cloud
8 4 (0.72%) Amazon S3
8 4 (0.72%) IaaS
9 3 (0.54%) Amazon EC2
9 3 (0.54%) Google Cloud Platform
10 2 (0.36%) Amazon CloudWatch
10 2 (0.36%) Amazon EMR
10 2 (0.36%) AWS CloudFormation
10 2 (0.36%) Basecamp
10 2 (0.36%) Cloud Computing
10 2 (0.36%) PaaS
10 2 (0.36%) Route 53
10 2 (0.36%) SaaS
Communications & Networking
1 49 (8.83%) HTTP
2 31 (5.59%) SSL
3 30 (5.41%) DNS
3 30 (5.41%) FTP
3 30 (5.41%) TCP/IP
4 18 (3.24%) Intranet
5 4 (0.72%) Internet
5 4 (0.72%) SMS
6 3 (0.54%) HTTPS
7 2 (0.36%) Firewall
8 1 (0.18%) Intrusion Detection
8 1 (0.18%) IPFS
8 1 (0.18%) LAN
8 1 (0.18%) Network Security
8 1 (0.18%) Skype
Database & Business Intelligence
1 49 (8.83%) MongoDB
2 47 (8.47%) MySQL
3 41 (7.39%) SQL Server
4 36 (6.49%) PostgreSQL
5 29 (5.23%) NoSQL
6 27 (4.86%) Relational Database
7 21 (3.78%) Big Data
8 16 (2.88%) Redis
9 15 (2.70%) Hadoop
10 13 (2.34%) Apache Cassandra
11 11 (1.98%) SQL Server 2012
12 7 (1.26%) SQL Server 2016
13 5 (0.90%) SQL Server Integration Services
14 4 (0.72%) Blockchain
14 4 (0.72%) Cosmos DB
14 4 (0.72%) Data Mining
15 3 (0.54%) Amazon DynamoDB
15 3 (0.54%) HBase
15 3 (0.54%) SQL Server 2005
15 3 (0.54%) SQL Server 2008
Development Applications
1 148 (26.67%) Git (software)
2 80 (14.41%) gulp
3 63 (11.35%) webpack
4 37 (6.67%) Jasmine
5 33 (5.95%) GitLab
5 33 (5.95%) Grunt
5 33 (5.95%) Selenium
6 29 (5.23%) Jenkins
7 28 (5.05%) JIRA
8 26 (4.68%) Babel
9 24 (4.32%) Gradle
10 18 (3.24%) Axure RP
10 18 (3.24%) JUnit
11 14 (2.52%) Balsamiq Mockups
12 12 (2.16%) Maven
13 11 (1.98%) Cucumber
13 11 (1.98%) Mockito
13 11 (1.98%) TeamCity
14 10 (1.80%) Visual Studio
15 8 (1.44%) WebDriver
General
1 103 (18.56%) Finance
2 56 (10.09%) Banking
3 30 (5.41%) Investment Banking
4 29 (5.23%) Retail
5 19 (3.42%) Advertising
5 19 (3.42%) Marketing
6 8 (1.44%) Games
7 6 (1.08%) Financial Institution
8 5 (0.90%) Front Office
9 3 (0.54%) Law
10 2 (0.36%) Digital Economy
10 2 (0.36%) Legal
10 2 (0.36%) Retail Banking
11 1 (0.18%) Back Office
11 1 (0.18%) Interactive Media
11 1 (0.18%) Multimedia
11 1 (0.18%) Prime Brokerage
11 1 (0.18%) Publishing
11 1 (0.18%) Russian Language
Job Titles
1 472 (85.05%) Developer
2 136 (24.50%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 74 (13.33%) JavaScript Developer
4 68 (12.25%) Angular Developer
5 63 (11.35%) React Developer
6 54 (9.73%) Full Stack Developer
6 54 (9.73%) Senior Developer
7 50 (9.01%) .NET Developer
8 49 (8.83%) Java Developer
9 45 (8.11%) HTML Developer
10 41 (7.39%) PHP Developer
11 40 (7.21%) HTML CSS Developer
11 40 (7.21%) Web Developer
12 37 (6.67%) UI Developer
13 32 (5.77%) Designer
14 31 (5.59%) C# Developer
15 24 (4.32%) C# .NET Developer
15 24 (4.32%) Lead Developer
16 19 (3.42%) Node.js Developer
17 18 (3.24%) UX Designer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 510 (91.89%) HTML
2 259 (46.67%) HTML5
3 225 (40.54%) AngularJS
4 195 (35.14%) CSS3
5 187 (33.69%) React
6 130 (23.42%) Node.js
7 101 (18.20%) .NET
8 96 (17.30%) Sass
9 94 (16.94%) jQuery
10 81 (14.59%) REST
11 79 (14.23%) Redux
12 70 (12.61%) RESTful
13 63 (11.35%) Twitter Bootstrap
14 51 (9.19%) ASP.NET
15 48 (8.65%) Spring
16 47 (8.47%) Web Services
17 46 (8.29%) SOAP
18 43 (7.75%) LESS
19 42 (7.57%) JSON
20 39 (7.03%) OAuth
Miscellaneous
1 124 (22.34%) User Experience
2 45 (8.11%) Greenfield Project
3 37 (6.67%) Fintech
4 31 (5.59%) Mobile App
5 17 (3.06%) Analytical Skills
5 17 (3.06%) Computer Science
6 15 (2.70%) Data Structures
7 10 (1.80%) Credit Risk
7 10 (1.80%) Linux Command Line
8 9 (1.62%) Fixed Income
9 8 (1.44%) iPad
9 8 (1.44%) Management Information System
10 7 (1.26%) Enterprise Software
10 7 (1.26%) Equities
10 7 (1.26%) W3C
11 6 (1.08%) Algorithms
11 6 (1.08%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
12 5 (0.90%) Self-Motivation
13 4 (0.72%) Digital Media
13 4 (0.72%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 49 (8.83%) Linux
2 19 (3.42%) Apple iOS
3 14 (2.52%) Android
4 7 (1.26%) Unix
4 7 (1.26%) Windows
5 3 (0.54%) VMS
6 1 (0.18%) Mac OS X
Processes & Methodologies
1 219 (39.46%) Agile Software Development
2 162 (29.19%) Front End Development
3 146 (26.31%) TDD
4 91 (16.40%) MVC
5 87 (15.68%) Web Development
6 75 (13.51%) BDD
7 59 (10.63%) Scrum
8 48 (8.65%) Microservices
9 46 (8.29%) Software Engineering
10 45 (8.11%) OO
10 45 (8.11%) Problem-Solving
11 41 (7.39%) Continuous Integration
11 41 (7.39%) DevOps
12 38 (6.85%) Responsive Web Design
13 37 (6.67%) Wireframes
14 31 (5.59%) Open Source
15 30 (5.41%) OWASP
16 29 (5.23%) Kanban
16 29 (5.23%) Prototyping
17 25 (4.50%) Unit Testing
Programming Languages
1 444 (80.00%) JavaScript
2 94 (16.94%) ES6
3 93 (16.76%) C#
4 91 (16.40%) Java
5 72 (12.97%) TypeScript
6 60 (10.81%) PHP
7 59 (10.63%) SQL
8 47 (8.47%) Java 8
9 24 (4.32%) Ruby
10 19 (3.42%) Python
11 11 (1.98%) T-SQL
12 10 (1.80%) PowerShell
13 8 (1.44%) JSX
14 7 (1.26%) PHP 5
14 7 (1.26%) PHP 7
15 6 (1.08%) Apex Code
16 5 (0.90%) Go
17 4 (0.72%) Groovy
17 4 (0.72%) Kotlin
17 4 (0.72%) Scala
Qualifications
1 38 (6.85%) Degree
2 15 (2.70%) Computer Science Degree
3 4 (0.72%) Microsoft Certification
3 4 (0.72%) Security Cleared
4 2 (0.36%) SC Cleared
5 1 (0.18%) Sun Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 20 (3.60%) QA
2 7 (1.26%) WCAG
3 3 (0.54%) GDPR
4 2 (0.36%) Disclosure Scotland
4 2 (0.36%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 2 (0.36%) SLA
5 1 (0.18%) Data Quality
5 1 (0.18%) MiFID
5 1 (0.18%) WAI
System Software
1 69 (12.43%) Docker
2 2 (0.36%) Active Directory
3 1 (0.18%) HDFS
Systems Management
1 21 (3.78%) Docker Swarm
2 20 (3.60%) Kubernetes
3 11 (1.98%) Ansible
4 10 (1.80%) Marathon
4 10 (1.80%) Mesos
5 8 (1.44%) Opscode Chef
6 7 (1.26%) Terraform
7 6 (1.08%) Puppet
8 2 (0.36%) Matomo
8 2 (0.36%) WebSphere Cast Iron
9 1 (0.18%) Capistrano
9 1 (0.18%) Consul
9 1 (0.18%) Kibana
9 1 (0.18%) logstash
9 1 (0.18%) PingFederate
9 1 (0.18%) Single Sign-On
9 1 (0.18%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
Vendors
1 35 (6.31%) Adobe
2 24 (4.32%) Salesforce.com
3 21 (3.78%) Microsoft
4 13 (2.34%) Sitecore
5 12 (2.16%) Oracle
6 10 (1.80%) IBM
7 9 (1.62%) SAP
8 8 (1.44%) Apple
9 5 (0.90%) Google
9 5 (0.90%) Splunk
10 3 (0.54%) Atlassian
10 3 (0.54%) Pardot
10 3 (0.54%) Tableau
11 2 (0.36%) Informatica
11 2 (0.36%) InterSystems
11 2 (0.36%) Jitterbit
11 2 (0.36%) New Relic
11 2 (0.36%) Rollbar
11 2 (0.36%) Twitter
11 2 (0.36%) Zend