The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for CSS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited CSS over the 3 months to 29 March 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Cascading Style Sheets (CSS)
London / City of London
3 months to
29 Mar 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 21 23 21
Rank change year-on-year +2 -2  
Contract jobs citing CSS 233 254 351
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 7.58% 7.50% 6.86%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 21.63% 23.01% 22.81%
Number of daily rates quoted 208 214 257
Median daily rate £450 £413 £393
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +9.09% +5.09%  
90% offered a daily rate of more than £338 £313 £275
10% offered a daily rate of more than £575 £550 £525
UK excluding London median daily rate £375 £350 £335
% change year-on-year +7.14% +4.47%  
Number of hourly rates quoted 1 2 2
Median hourly rate £35.00 £55.00 £23.19
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -36.36% +137.22%  
UK excluding London median hourly rate £40.00 £33.75 £34.60
% change year-on-year +18.51% -2.45%  

CSS is in the industry standards, technical specifications and software library and framework skills category. The next table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for industry standards, technical specifications and software library and framework skills.

Contract Software Library & Framework Skills
City of London
Contract job vacancies with a requirement for industry standards, technical specifications and software library and framework skills 1077 1104 1539
As % of all contract IT job vacancies advertised in the City of London 35.06% 32.61% 30.09%
Number of daily rates quoted 893 932 1232
Median daily rate £475 £473 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +0.52% +11.17%  
90% offered a daily rate of more than £338 £325 £315
10% offered a daily rate of more than £625 £600 £575
UK excluding London median daily rate £375 £363 £350
% change year-on-year +3.44% +3.57%  
Number of hourly rates quoted 2 5 7
Median hourly rate £35.00 £55.00 £27.37
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -36.36% +100.94%  
UK excluding London median hourly rate £41.00 £38.00 £36.00
% change year-on-year +7.89% +5.55%  

CSS
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

The job posting trend of jobs advertised in the City of London citing CSS as a proportion of all contract or permanent IT jobs with a match in the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category.

Job vacancy trend for CSS in the City of London

CSS
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing CSS in the City of London.

Contractor daily rate trend for CSS in the City of London

CSS
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing CSS in the City of London over the 3 months to 29 March 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for CSS in the City of London

CSS
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS in the City of London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for CSS in the City of London

For the 6 months to 29 March 2017, IT contractor jobs citing CSS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads across the City of London region with a requirement for CSS.

1 489 (92.09%) HTML
2 447 (84.18%) JavaScript
3 242 (45.57%) Agile Software Development
4 235 (44.26%) HTML5
5 211 (39.74%) AngularJS
6 193 (36.35%) CSS3
7 166 (31.26%) jQuery
8 153 (28.81%) TDD
9 138 (25.99%) Front End Development
10 121 (22.79%) React
11 119 (22.41%) MVC
12 112 (21.09%) Finance
13 109 (20.53%) Java
14 98 (18.46%) Scrum
15 94 (17.70%) .NET
16 93 (17.51%) RESTful
16 93 (17.51%) Node.js
16 93 (17.51%) User Experience
17 92 (17.33%) Web Development
18 90 (16.95%) C#
19 83 (15.63%) OO
20 82 (15.44%) Sass
21 79 (14.88%) SQL
21 79 (14.88%) Git (software)
22 76 (14.31%) REST
23 72 (13.56%) JSON
24 71 (13.37%) Banking
25 70 (13.18%) Continuous Integration
26 69 (12.99%) Ajax
27 68 (12.81%) Web Services

CSS
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 29 (5.46%) CMS
2 25 (4.71%) Apache
3 24 (4.52%) Adobe Experience Manager
4 15 (2.82%) WordPress
5 14 (2.64%) Confluence
6 13 (2.45%) SharePoint
7 11 (2.07%) Drupal
7 11 (2.07%) Tomcat
8 9 (1.69%) JBoss
9 8 (1.51%) Mule
10 7 (1.32%) WebLogic
11 6 (1.13%) Apache Solr
11 6 (1.13%) Elasticsearch
11 6 (1.13%) IIS
11 6 (1.13%) SharePoint 2013
11 6 (1.13%) Umbraco
12 4 (0.75%) SharePoint 2010
13 3 (0.56%) Oracle SOA Suite
14 2 (0.38%) Jupyter
15 1 (0.19%) Ethereum
Applications
1 20 (3.77%) Photoshop
2 9 (1.69%) Adobe Illustrator
3 8 (1.51%) MS Excel
4 5 (0.94%) Adobe Creative Suite
5 4 (0.75%) OmniGraffle
6 3 (0.56%) InVision
7 2 (0.38%) MS Office
7 2 (0.38%) UXPin
8 1 (0.19%) Fireworks
8 1 (0.19%) MS Visio
8 1 (0.19%) Pixate
Business Applications
1 10 (1.88%) Magento
2 5 (0.94%) SAP CRM
2 5 (0.94%) SAP Hybris
3 1 (0.19%) Dynamics CRM
3 1 (0.19%) Eloqua
3 1 (0.19%) ION MarketView
3 1 (0.19%) OpenCart
3 1 (0.19%) Payment Gateway
3 1 (0.19%) SAP Oil and Gas
3 1 (0.19%) Shopify
Cloud Services
1 44 (8.29%) Amazon AWS
2 22 (4.14%) Microsoft Azure
3 11 (2.07%) SaaS
4 10 (1.88%) AWS CloudFormation
5 9 (1.69%) GitHub
6 4 (0.75%) Office 365
7 3 (0.56%) AWS Lambda
7 3 (0.56%) Google Analytics
7 3 (0.56%) Google Cloud Platform
8 2 (0.38%) Cloud Computing
8 2 (0.38%) MailChimp
9 1 (0.19%) AdWords
9 1 (0.19%) Amazon EC2
9 1 (0.19%) Amazon Kinesis
9 1 (0.19%) Amazon S3
9 1 (0.19%) Amazon SQS
9 1 (0.19%) Google Tag Manager
9 1 (0.19%) IaaS
9 1 (0.19%) PaaS
9 1 (0.19%) Silverpop
Communications & Networking
1 29 (5.46%) HTTP
2 16 (3.01%) Internet
3 10 (1.88%) SSL
4 8 (1.51%) DNS
5 7 (1.32%) RTP
5 7 (1.32%) RTSP
6 4 (0.75%) TCP/IP
7 2 (0.38%) BIG-IP
7 2 (0.38%) Cisco IOS
7 2 (0.38%) Firewall
7 2 (0.38%) HTTPS
7 2 (0.38%) Intranet
7 2 (0.38%) LAN
7 2 (0.38%) Multicast
7 2 (0.38%) SNMP
7 2 (0.38%) WAN
7 2 (0.38%) Wireless
8 1 (0.19%) IP Telephony
8 1 (0.19%) SSH
Database & Business Intelligence
1 48 (9.04%) SQL Server
2 43 (8.10%) NoSQL
3 42 (7.91%) MySQL
4 36 (6.78%) MongoDB
5 12 (2.26%) PostgreSQL
5 12 (2.26%) Relational Database
6 8 (1.51%) Apache Cassandra
6 8 (1.51%) Big Data
7 7 (1.32%) SQL Server 2012
8 6 (1.13%) HBase
9 5 (0.94%) SQL Server 2008
10 4 (0.75%) Couchbase
10 4 (0.75%) QlikView
11 3 (0.56%) BigQuery
11 3 (0.56%) MariaDB
11 3 (0.56%) SQL Server Integration Services
11 3 (0.56%) SQL Server Reporting Services
12 2 (0.38%) Amazon DynamoDB
12 2 (0.38%) Hadoop
12 2 (0.38%) SQL Server Analysis Services
Development Applications
1 79 (14.88%) Git (software)
2 51 (9.60%) gulp
3 41 (7.72%) Jasmine
3 41 (7.72%) Selenium
4 37 (6.97%) Grunt
5 34 (6.40%) webpack
6 31 (5.84%) Jenkins
7 27 (5.08%) JIRA
8 25 (4.71%) Maven
9 24 (4.52%) Karma Test Runner
10 23 (4.33%) Mocha
11 21 (3.95%) Cucumber
11 21 (3.95%) Visual Studio
12 20 (3.77%) Protractor
13 16 (3.01%) Bower
14 14 (2.64%) Axure RP
14 14 (2.64%) IntelliJ
14 14 (2.64%) JUnit
15 13 (2.45%) Team Foundation Server
16 10 (1.88%) NUnit
General
1 112 (21.09%) Finance
2 71 (13.37%) Banking
3 30 (5.65%) Investment Banking
4 27 (5.08%) Marketing
5 20 (3.77%) Retail
6 14 (2.64%) Advertising
7 12 (2.26%) Telecoms
8 11 (2.07%) Publishing
9 10 (1.88%) Front Office
10 7 (1.32%) Games
11 6 (1.13%) Financial Institution
12 5 (0.94%) Retail Banking
13 3 (0.56%) Automotive
13 3 (0.56%) Back Office
13 3 (0.56%) Multimedia
14 2 (0.38%) Electronics
14 2 (0.38%) Legal
14 2 (0.38%) Music Industry
15 1 (0.19%) Law
15 1 (0.19%) Manufacturing
Job Titles
1 454 (85.50%) Developer
2 117 (22.03%) JavaScript Developer
3 111 (20.90%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
4 68 (12.81%) Senior Developer
5 64 (12.05%) Java Developer
6 54 (10.17%) HTML Developer
7 52 (9.79%) Full Stack Developer
8 51 (9.60%) Angular Developer
9 45 (8.47%) Web Developer
10 35 (6.59%) HTML CSS Developer
11 32 (6.03%) .NET Developer
12 29 (5.46%) UI Developer
13 26 (4.90%) Node.js Developer
14 23 (4.33%) C# Developer
14 23 (4.33%) Senior Java Developer
15 22 (4.14%) Lead Developer
16 21 (3.95%) Designer
17 18 (3.39%) UX Designer
18 16 (3.01%) PHP Developer
19 13 (2.45%) Applications Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 489 (92.09%) HTML
2 235 (44.26%) HTML5
3 211 (39.74%) AngularJS
4 193 (36.35%) CSS3
5 166 (31.26%) jQuery
6 121 (22.79%) React
7 94 (17.70%) .NET
8 93 (17.51%) Node.js
8 93 (17.51%) RESTful
9 82 (15.44%) Sass
10 76 (14.31%) REST
11 72 (13.56%) JSON
12 69 (12.99%) Ajax
13 68 (12.81%) Web Services
14 60 (11.30%) Twitter Bootstrap
15 54 (10.17%) XML
16 47 (8.85%) ASP.NET
17 46 (8.66%) Spring
18 36 (6.78%) ASP.NET Web API
18 36 (6.78%) LESS
Miscellaneous
1 93 (17.51%) User Experience
2 22 (4.14%) Analytical Skills
3 21 (3.95%) Mobile App
4 19 (3.58%) Fintech
5 15 (2.82%) Computer Science
6 12 (2.26%) NHS
7 11 (2.07%) RIA
8 10 (1.88%) Graphic Design
9 8 (1.51%) Data Structures
9 8 (1.51%) Enterprise Software
9 8 (1.51%) Virtual Team
10 7 (1.32%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
10 7 (1.32%) MPEG
10 7 (1.32%) Streaming Video
11 6 (1.13%) Derivative
11 6 (1.13%) Equities
11 6 (1.13%) Online Banking
12 5 (0.94%) Equity Derivative
12 5 (0.94%) Management Information System
12 5 (0.94%) Social Media
Operating Systems
1 33 (6.21%) Linux
2 31 (5.84%) Apple iOS
3 27 (5.08%) Android
4 19 (3.58%) Windows
5 12 (2.26%) Unix
6 6 (1.13%) Windows Server
7 4 (0.75%) CentOS
7 4 (0.75%) Ubuntu
7 4 (0.75%) webOS
7 4 (0.75%) Windows Phone
7 4 (0.75%) Windows Phone 7
8 2 (0.38%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 2 (0.38%) Windows 8
8 2 (0.38%) Windows Mobile
8 2 (0.38%) Windows Server 2008
8 2 (0.38%) Windows Server 2012
9 1 (0.19%) Debian
9 1 (0.19%) FreeBSD
Processes & Methodologies
1 242 (45.57%) Agile Software Development
2 153 (28.81%) TDD
3 138 (25.99%) Front End Development
4 119 (22.41%) MVC
5 98 (18.46%) Scrum
6 92 (17.33%) Web Development
7 83 (15.63%) OO
8 70 (13.18%) Continuous Integration
9 66 (12.43%) BDD
10 42 (7.91%) Unit Testing
11 39 (7.34%) Responsive Web Design
11 39 (7.34%) SOA
12 38 (7.16%) Software Engineering
13 37 (6.97%) Pair Programming
14 34 (6.40%) Kanban
15 32 (6.03%) Automated Testing
16 31 (5.84%) E-Commerce
16 31 (5.84%) OOP
17 30 (5.65%) SOLID
18 29 (5.46%) Microservices
Programming Languages
1 447 (84.18%) JavaScript
2 109 (20.53%) Java
3 90 (16.95%) C#
4 79 (14.88%) SQL
5 57 (10.73%) PHP
6 31 (5.84%) ES6
6 31 (5.84%) Python
7 19 (3.58%) TypeScript
8 16 (3.01%) T-SQL
9 15 (2.82%) Ruby
9 15 (2.82%) Scala
10 14 (2.64%) Groovy
11 11 (2.07%) PowerShell
12 9 (1.69%) Apple Swift
13 7 (1.32%) PL/SQL
14 6 (1.13%) Bash Shell
14 6 (1.13%) Shell Script
14 6 (1.13%) XAML
15 4 (0.75%) Go
15 4 (0.75%) VB.NET
Qualifications
1 20 (3.77%) Degree
2 11 (2.07%) Security Cleared
3 9 (1.69%) SC Cleared
4 2 (0.38%) CCIE
4 2 (0.38%) CCNP
4 2 (0.38%) Cisco Certification
4 2 (0.38%) DV Cleared
4 2 (0.38%) OCPJP
5 1 (0.19%) MCP
5 1 (0.19%) Microsoft Certification
5 1 (0.19%) PMI Certification
5 1 (0.19%) PMP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 32 (6.03%) QA
2 3 (0.56%) MiFID
3 1 (0.19%) Dodd-Frank
3 1 (0.19%) EMIR
3 1 (0.19%) SLA
3 1 (0.19%) WAI
System Software
1 10 (1.88%) Docker
2 4 (0.75%) Active Directory
Systems Management
1 7 (1.32%) Kubernetes
2 4 (0.75%) Puppet
3 3 (0.56%) Ansible
3 3 (0.56%) MOM
3 3 (0.56%) Opscode Chef
4 1 (0.19%) Capistrano
4 1 (0.19%) Terraform
Vendors
1 25 (4.71%) Microsoft
2 21 (3.95%) Oracle
3 18 (3.39%) Adobe
4 13 (2.45%) New Relic
5 8 (1.51%) Salesforce.com
6 7 (1.32%) Brightcove
6 7 (1.32%) Google
6 7 (1.32%) SAP
7 6 (1.13%) hybris
7 6 (1.13%) Tableau
7 6 (1.13%) Twitter
7 6 (1.13%) Xamarin
8 4 (0.75%) Red Hat
8 4 (0.75%) Zend
9 3 (0.56%) Perforce
9 3 (0.56%) ServiceNow
10 2 (0.38%) Apigee
10 2 (0.38%) F5
10 2 (0.38%) OpenText
10 2 (0.38%) RedDot
City, London
Premier IT
Rate: £400 - £425 per day
Posted: 17 hours ago
City, London
TEKsystems
Rate: £550 - £650 per day
Posted: 21 hours ago
City, London
E-synergy Solutions
Rate: £450 per day
Posted: 23 hours ago
City, London
Oscar
Rate: £400 - £550 per day
Posted: 4 days ago
City, London
Square One Resources
Rate: Up to £400 per day 3 Months Contract
Posted: 5 days ago
City, London
TEKsystems
Rate: £500 - £550 per day
Posted: Yesterday
City, London
Arrows Group
Rate: £500 - £600 per day
Posted: Yesterday
City of London
Pearson Frank
Rate: £300 - £350 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
City, London
Experis Ltd
Rate: £450 - £500 per day + DOE
Posted: 5 days ago
City, London
Oscar
Rate: £301 - £400 per day
Posted: 5 days ago
City, London
Oscar
Rate: £450 - £550 per day
Posted: 4 days ago
City, London
Venturi
Rate: £300 - £350 per day
Posted: 3 days ago
City, London
ANSON MCCADE
Rate: £400-£500 and £550-£600
Posted: 5 days ago
City, London
McGregor Boyall
Rate: £600 - £700 per day
Posted: Yesterday
City, London
Parallel Consulting
Posted: Yesterday
City, London
Sanderson
Rate: £300 - £400 per day
Posted: Yesterday
City, London
Oscar
Rate: £300 - £375 per day
Posted: 4 days ago
City, London
Oliver James Associates
Rate: £450 - £600 per day
Posted: 4 days ago
City, London
james joseph associates
Posted: 6 days ago
City, London
Digital Gurus
Rate: £500 - £600 Per Day
Posted: 15 days ago