Period
to 15 November 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for CSS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited CSS over the 6 months to 15 November 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

CSS (Cascading Style Sheets)
Central London > City of London
6 months to
15 Nov 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 25 17 12
Rank change year-on-year -8 -5 +12
Contract jobs citing CSS 494 609 675
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 7.01% 8.54% 10.02%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 17.69% 22.32% 27.61%
Number of daily rates quoted 407 509 572
City of London median daily rate £488 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.63% +5.56% +12.50%
10th Percentile £313 £310 £313
90th Percentile £650 £638 £613
Central London median daily rate £475 £475 £438
% change year-on-year - +8.57% +9.38%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1 1 0
City of London median hourly rate £19.00 £27.09 -
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -29.86% - -
Central London median hourly rate £19.00 £27.09 -
% change year-on-year -29.86% - -

CSS is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
City of London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 2,793 2,728 2,445
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 39.61% 38.26% 36.30%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,329 2,284 2,076
City of London median daily rate £525 £513 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.44% +7.89% -
10th Percentile £400 £363 £325
90th Percentile £675 £675 £638
Central London median daily rate £525 £500 £475
% change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% +4.17%
Number of hourly rates quoted 4 10 4
City of London median hourly rate £31.25 £22.99 £35.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +35.91% -34.31% -9.68%
10th Percentile £15.91 £20.28 £19.00
90th Percentile £83.65 £33.75 £56.31
Central London median hourly rate £35.00 £21.50 £35.00
% change year-on-year +62.79% -38.57% -9.68%

CSS
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing CSS as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for CSS in the City of London

CSS
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing CSS in the City of London.

Contractor daily rate trend for CSS in the City of London

CSS
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing CSS in the City of London over the 6 months to 15 November 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for CSS in the City of London

CSS
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS in the City of London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for CSS in the City of London

CSS
Contract Job Locations in the City of London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS within the City of London region over the 6 months to 15 November 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London Bridge -38 14 £500 +100.00%
Moorgate -17 1 £400 -27.27%
CSS
Central London

For the 6 months to 15 November 2018, IT contractor jobs citing CSS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for CSS.

1 455 (92.11%) HTML
2 404 (81.78%) JavaScript
3 231 (46.76%) Agile Software Development
4 215 (43.52%) HTML5
5 201 (40.69%) AngularJS
6 168 (34.01%) Front End Development
7 167 (33.81%) TDD
8 155 (31.38%) React
9 139 (28.14%) CSS3
10 132 (26.72%) Git (software)
11 103 (20.85%) Node.js
11 103 (20.85%) User Experience
12 98 (19.84%) Sass
13 97 (19.64%) Java
14 94 (19.03%) BDD
15 91 (18.42%) Finance
16 82 (16.60%) jQuery
17 81 (16.40%) C#
18 80 (16.19%) ES6
19 75 (15.18%) .NET
20 72 (14.57%) REST
21 71 (14.37%) MVC
22 70 (14.17%) TypeScript
22 70 (14.17%) RESTful
22 70 (14.17%) Redux
23 69 (13.97%) Scrum
24 68 (13.77%) Microservices
25 67 (13.56%) Web Development
26 65 (13.16%) gulp
27 61 (12.35%) SQL

CSS
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 30 (6.07%) Elasticsearch
2 28 (5.67%) WordPress
3 23 (4.66%) CMS
4 18 (3.64%) Drupal
5 15 (3.04%) Apache Spark
5 15 (3.04%) SharePoint
6 14 (2.83%) Confluence
7 10 (2.02%) IBM Domino
8 8 (1.62%) Tomcat
9 5 (1.01%) Cloud Foundry
9 5 (1.01%) Gunicorn
10 4 (0.81%) Apache
10 4 (0.81%) SharePoint Server
10 4 (0.81%) Sitecore CMS
11 3 (0.61%) SharePoint 2013
11 3 (0.61%) Umbraco
12 2 (0.40%) Adobe Experience Manager
12 2 (0.40%) EPiServer
12 2 (0.40%) IIS
12 2 (0.40%) Oracle SOA Suite
Applications
1 12 (2.43%) InVision
2 10 (2.02%) Adobe Illustrator
2 10 (2.02%) Photoshop
3 9 (1.82%) Adobe Creative Suite
4 5 (1.01%) Fireworks
4 5 (1.01%) InDesign
4 5 (1.01%) InfoPath
5 4 (0.81%) OmniGraffle
6 2 (0.40%) Adobe Premiere
7 1 (0.20%) Camtasia
7 1 (0.20%) Chatbot
7 1 (0.20%) Microsoft Excel
Business Applications
1 5 (1.01%) Magento
2 2 (0.40%) Distributed Ledger
3 1 (0.20%) Dynamics CRM
3 1 (0.20%) ION MarketView
3 1 (0.20%) Payment Gateway
3 1 (0.20%) SDL Web 8
Cloud Services
1 50 (10.12%) Amazon AWS
2 46 (9.31%) Microsoft Azure
3 26 (5.26%) Heroku
4 17 (3.44%) npm
5 14 (2.83%) GitHub
6 9 (1.82%) Serverless
7 5 (1.01%) Office 365
8 4 (0.81%) Adobe Creative Cloud
8 4 (0.81%) Google Cloud Platform
8 4 (0.81%) PaaS
9 3 (0.61%) Azure Functions
10 2 (0.40%) AWS Lambda
10 2 (0.40%) Basecamp
10 2 (0.40%) Dynamics 365
10 2 (0.40%) SaaS
10 2 (0.40%) Slack
10 2 (0.40%) Yarn
11 1 (0.20%) Adobe Analytics
11 1 (0.20%) IaaS
11 1 (0.20%) Trello
Communications & Networking
1 29 (5.87%) HTTP
2 24 (4.86%) FTP
3 23 (4.66%) SSL
4 22 (4.45%) DNS
4 22 (4.45%) TCP/IP
5 15 (3.04%) Intranet
6 8 (1.62%) Internet
7 2 (0.40%) Firewall
7 2 (0.40%) HTTPS
7 2 (0.40%) SMTP
7 2 (0.40%) SSH
8 1 (0.20%) IPFS
8 1 (0.20%) LAN
8 1 (0.20%) Network Security
8 1 (0.20%) Skype
8 1 (0.20%) SMS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 44 (8.91%) MongoDB
2 39 (7.89%) SQL Server
3 34 (6.88%) MySQL
4 24 (4.86%) PostgreSQL
5 23 (4.66%) NoSQL
6 18 (3.64%) Big Data
6 18 (3.64%) Relational Database
7 16 (3.24%) Apache Cassandra
8 14 (2.83%) Hadoop
9 11 (2.23%) Redis
10 8 (1.62%) Cosmos DB
11 5 (1.01%) SQL Server 2012
11 5 (1.01%) SQL Server 2016
12 4 (0.81%) Blockchain
12 4 (0.81%) HBase
13 3 (0.61%) Amazon DynamoDB
13 3 (0.61%) RDBMS
14 2 (0.40%) Data Mining
14 2 (0.40%) Data Warehouse
14 2 (0.40%) DB2
Development Applications
1 132 (26.72%) Git (software)
2 65 (13.16%) gulp
3 44 (8.91%) webpack
4 41 (8.30%) JIRA
5 39 (7.89%) Jenkins
6 34 (6.88%) Selenium
7 29 (5.87%) GitLab
8 27 (5.47%) Gradle
8 27 (5.47%) Jasmine
9 21 (4.25%) Babel
9 21 (4.25%) Grunt
10 15 (3.04%) JUnit
10 15 (3.04%) Maven
11 14 (2.83%) Visual Studio Team System
12 13 (2.63%) Gatling
13 12 (2.43%) Mocha
13 12 (2.43%) Team Foundation Server
14 11 (2.23%) Karma Test Runner
14 11 (2.23%) Mockito
14 11 (2.23%) Visual Studio
General
1 91 (18.42%) Finance
2 49 (9.92%) Banking
3 16 (3.24%) Advertising
4 13 (2.63%) Investment Banking
4 13 (2.63%) Retail
5 10 (2.02%) Marketing
6 9 (1.82%) Games
7 8 (1.62%) Publishing
8 6 (1.21%) Front Office
9 4 (0.81%) Legal
10 2 (0.40%) Back Office
10 2 (0.40%) Digital Economy
10 2 (0.40%) Financial Institution
10 2 (0.40%) Law
10 2 (0.40%) Multimedia
11 1 (0.20%) Prime Brokerage
Job Titles
1 427 (86.44%) Developer
2 128 (25.91%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 82 (16.60%) JavaScript Developer
4 69 (13.97%) React Developer
5 66 (13.36%) Java Developer
6 60 (12.15%) Senior Developer
7 49 (9.92%) Angular Developer
7 49 (9.92%) Full Stack Developer
8 44 (8.91%) .NET Developer
9 34 (6.88%) Lead Developer
10 28 (5.67%) UI Developer
11 26 (5.26%) PHP Developer
12 25 (5.06%) HTML Developer
12 25 (5.06%) Web Developer
13 24 (4.86%) Designer
14 23 (4.66%) C# Developer
15 17 (3.44%) HTML CSS Developer
16 14 (2.83%) C# .NET Developer
17 13 (2.63%) Senior Front-End Developer
17 13 (2.63%) Senior React Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 455 (92.11%) HTML
2 215 (43.52%) HTML5
3 201 (40.69%) AngularJS
4 155 (31.38%) React
5 139 (28.14%) CSS3
6 103 (20.85%) Node.js
7 98 (19.84%) Sass
8 82 (16.60%) jQuery
9 75 (15.18%) .NET
10 72 (14.57%) REST
11 70 (14.17%) Redux
11 70 (14.17%) RESTful
12 55 (11.13%) Spring
13 46 (9.31%) JSON
14 44 (8.91%) XML
15 41 (8.30%) ASP.NET
15 41 (8.30%) Twitter Bootstrap
16 33 (6.68%) Web Services
17 32 (6.48%) Spring Boot
18 29 (5.87%) Angular 2
Miscellaneous
1 103 (20.85%) User Experience
2 36 (7.29%) Greenfield Project
3 31 (6.28%) Fintech
4 19 (3.85%) Computer Science
5 18 (3.64%) Data Structures
6 17 (3.44%) Analytical Skills
7 15 (3.04%) Mobile App
8 12 (2.43%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
9 9 (1.82%) iPad
10 8 (1.62%) Self-Motivation
10 8 (1.62%) W3C
11 7 (1.42%) Linux Command Line
12 6 (1.21%) Algorithms
13 4 (0.81%) Animation
13 4 (0.81%) Digital Media
13 4 (0.81%) Enterprise Software
13 4 (0.81%) Fixed Income
13 4 (0.81%) N-Tier
13 4 (0.81%) RIA
13 4 (0.81%) Social Media
Operating Systems
1 41 (8.30%) Linux
2 13 (2.63%) Apple iOS
3 8 (1.62%) Unix
4 7 (1.42%) Android
5 6 (1.21%) Windows
6 3 (0.61%) VMS
7 1 (0.20%) Mac OS X
Processes & Methodologies
1 231 (46.76%) Agile Software Development
2 168 (34.01%) Front End Development
3 167 (33.81%) TDD
4 94 (19.03%) BDD
5 71 (14.37%) MVC
6 69 (13.97%) Scrum
7 68 (13.77%) Microservices
8 67 (13.56%) Web Development
9 59 (11.94%) OO
10 54 (10.93%) Continuous Integration
11 51 (10.32%) Test Automation
12 47 (9.51%) Software Engineering
13 41 (8.30%) Kanban
14 40 (8.10%) DevOps
15 35 (7.09%) Problem-Solving
16 32 (6.48%) Responsive Web Design
16 32 (6.48%) Unit Testing
17 31 (6.28%) E-Commerce
18 26 (5.26%) Domain-Driven Design
19 23 (4.66%) OOP
Programming Languages
1 404 (81.78%) JavaScript
2 97 (19.64%) Java
3 81 (16.40%) C#
4 80 (16.19%) ES6
5 70 (14.17%) TypeScript
6 61 (12.35%) SQL
7 53 (10.73%) PHP
8 44 (8.91%) Java 8
9 23 (4.66%) Python
10 15 (3.04%) T-SQL
11 10 (2.02%) Ruby
12 9 (1.82%) Go
13 8 (1.62%) PL/SQL
14 7 (1.42%) C++
14 7 (1.42%) PHP 5
14 7 (1.42%) PowerShell
15 6 (1.21%) PHP 7
16 4 (0.81%) Scala
17 3 (0.61%) C
17 3 (0.61%) Kotlin
Qualifications
1 39 (7.89%) Degree
2 15 (3.04%) Computer Science Degree
3 4 (0.81%) Microsoft Certification
3 4 (0.81%) Security Cleared
4 2 (0.40%) Sun Certification
5 1 (0.20%) ISTQB
5 1 (0.20%) Numerate Degree
5 1 (0.20%) SC Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 32 (6.48%) QA
2 9 (1.82%) WCAG
3 3 (0.61%) Disclosure Scotland
4 2 (0.40%) Data Quality
4 2 (0.40%) SLA
5 1 (0.20%) GDPR
5 1 (0.20%) WAI
System Software
1 55 (11.13%) Docker
2 1 (0.20%) Active Directory
2 1 (0.20%) HDFS
Systems Management
1 21 (4.25%) Docker Swarm
2 18 (3.64%) Kubernetes
3 12 (2.43%) Ansible
4 9 (1.82%) Opscode Chef
5 8 (1.62%) Puppet
6 4 (0.81%) Capistrano
6 4 (0.81%) Kibana
6 4 (0.81%) logstash
7 2 (0.40%) Marathon
7 2 (0.40%) Mesos
7 2 (0.40%) Terraform
8 1 (0.20%) Consul
8 1 (0.20%) HP Quality Center
8 1 (0.20%) Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 18 (3.64%) Adobe
1 18 (3.64%) Microsoft
2 17 (3.44%) Oracle
3 10 (2.02%) IBM
4 9 (1.82%) Apple
5 7 (1.42%) Salesforce.com
6 6 (1.21%) Sitecore
7 4 (0.81%) Cadence
7 4 (0.81%) Google
7 4 (0.81%) Sybase
8 3 (0.61%) Splunk
9 2 (0.40%) Atlassian
9 2 (0.40%) Nintex
9 2 (0.40%) Pega
9 2 (0.40%) SAP
9 2 (0.40%) Tableau
10 1 (0.20%) AppDynamics
10 1 (0.20%) HP
10 1 (0.20%) Salesforce Marketing Cloud
10 1 (0.20%) TIBCO