Period
to 18 February 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for CSS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited CSS over the 6 months to 18 February 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

CSS (Cascading Style Sheets)
Central London > City of London
6 months to
18 Feb 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 22 15 24
Rank change year-on-year -7 +9 -3
Contract jobs citing CSS 510 548 465
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 7.28% 8.95% 6.89%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 19.07% 24.83% 21.68%
Number of daily rates quoted 441 476 417
City of London median daily rate £475 £450 £413
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% +9.09% +3.13%
10th Percentile £319 £318 £262
90th Percentile £613 £601 £575
Central London median daily rate £475 £440 £413
% change year-on-year +7.95% +6.67% +3.13%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1 0 4
City of London median hourly rate £27.09 - £40.66
10th Percentile £25.66 - £21.40
90th Percentile £28.52 - £60.00
Central London median hourly rate £27.09 - £40.66

CSS is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
City of London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 2,675 2,207 2,145
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 38.17% 36.04% 31.79%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,290 1,871 1,799
City of London median daily rate £513 £488 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.13% +2.63% +5.56%
10th Percentile £363 £325 £313
90th Percentile £675 £650 £638
Central London median daily rate £500 £475 £450
% change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% +2.86%
Number of hourly rates quoted 9 1 9
City of London median hourly rate £21.50 £54.25 £37.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -60.37% +44.65% +30.73%
10th Percentile £21.15 £51.62 £19.95
90th Percentile £52.10 £56.87 £60.00
Central London median hourly rate £21.50 £54.25 £37.50
% change year-on-year -60.37% +44.65% +25.00%

CSS
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing CSS as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for CSS in the City of London

CSS
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing CSS in the City of London.

Contractor daily rate trend for CSS in the City of London

CSS
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing CSS in the City of London over the 6 months to 18 February 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for CSS in the City of London

CSS
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS in the City of London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for CSS in the City of London

CSS
Contract Job Locations in the City of London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS within the City of London region over the 6 months to 18 February 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London Bridge -3 2 £250 -33.33%
CSS
Central London

For the 6 months to 18 February 2018, IT contractor jobs citing CSS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for CSS.

1 456 (89.41%) HTML
2 433 (84.90%) JavaScript
3 247 (48.43%) HTML5
4 222 (43.53%) Agile Software Development
5 188 (36.86%) AngularJS
6 175 (34.31%) CSS3
7 171 (33.53%) React
8 148 (29.02%) Front End Development
9 135 (26.47%) TDD
10 129 (25.29%) Git (software)
11 125 (24.51%) Node.js
12 116 (22.75%) Java
13 106 (20.78%) Finance
14 103 (20.20%) jQuery
15 97 (19.02%) Sass
16 90 (17.65%) .NET
17 86 (16.86%) C#
17 86 (16.86%) User Experience
18 85 (16.67%) Web Development
19 83 (16.27%) RESTful
20 82 (16.08%) MVC
21 81 (15.88%) ES6
22 72 (14.12%) BDD
23 67 (13.14%) Web Services
24 66 (12.94%) Amazon AWS
25 65 (12.75%) SQL
25 65 (12.75%) Docker
26 63 (12.35%) Redux
27 61 (11.96%) Twitter Bootstrap
28 59 (11.57%) PHP

CSS
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 32 (6.27%) CMS
2 20 (3.92%) Drupal
3 14 (2.75%) Apache Solr
3 14 (2.75%) Elasticsearch
4 10 (1.96%) SharePoint
4 10 (1.96%) WordPress
5 8 (1.57%) Confluence
5 8 (1.57%) SharePoint 2013
6 5 (0.98%) Adobe Experience Manager
6 5 (0.98%) Umbraco
7 4 (0.78%) Tomcat
8 3 (0.59%) Jupyter
8 3 (0.59%) WebSphere
9 2 (0.39%) IIS
9 2 (0.39%) SharePoint 2010
10 1 (0.20%) Apache
10 1 (0.20%) Documentum
10 1 (0.20%) IBM Domino
10 1 (0.20%) IBM Notes
10 1 (0.20%) JBoss
Applications
1 14 (2.75%) InVision
2 11 (2.16%) Photoshop
3 10 (1.96%) Adobe Creative Suite
4 9 (1.76%) OmniGraffle
5 8 (1.57%) Adobe Illustrator
6 7 (1.37%) Flinto
6 7 (1.37%) Microsoft Excel
7 4 (0.78%) UXPin
8 1 (0.20%) InfoPath
8 1 (0.20%) Microsoft Office
8 1 (0.20%) Microsoft PowerPoint
8 1 (0.20%) Microsoft Project
8 1 (0.20%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 6 (1.18%) Dynamics CRM
1 6 (1.18%) Magento
2 2 (0.39%) Payment Gateway
3 1 (0.20%) Distributed Ledger
3 1 (0.20%) Salesforce.com CRM
Cloud Services
1 66 (12.94%) Amazon AWS
2 35 (6.86%) Microsoft Azure
3 20 (3.92%) npm
4 18 (3.53%) Heroku
5 7 (1.37%) GitHub
6 6 (1.18%) SaaS
7 5 (0.98%) Serverless
8 4 (0.78%) Adobe Creative Cloud
8 4 (0.78%) Amazon SQS
9 3 (0.59%) Cloud Computing
9 3 (0.59%) Force.com
9 3 (0.59%) Google Analytics
9 3 (0.59%) Office 365
10 2 (0.39%) Adobe Analytics
10 2 (0.39%) Amazon S3
10 2 (0.39%) Google Cloud Platform
10 2 (0.39%) PaaS
11 1 (0.20%) AdWords
11 1 (0.20%) Amazon Kinesis
11 1 (0.20%) OpenShift
Communications & Networking
1 18 (3.53%) HTTP
2 17 (3.33%) FTP
2 17 (3.33%) SSL
3 16 (3.14%) DNS
3 16 (3.14%) TCP/IP
4 10 (1.96%) Internet
5 7 (1.37%) Intranet
6 2 (0.39%) Ethernet
6 2 (0.39%) HTTPS
6 2 (0.39%) Unified Communications
6 2 (0.39%) VPLS
7 1 (0.20%) NFC
7 1 (0.20%) SMTP
7 1 (0.20%) SSH
Database & Business Intelligence
1 48 (9.41%) SQL Server
2 44 (8.63%) MySQL
3 39 (7.65%) MongoDB
4 27 (5.29%) PostgreSQL
5 17 (3.33%) NoSQL
6 13 (2.55%) Relational Database
7 9 (1.76%) SQL Server Reporting Services
8 8 (1.57%) SQL Server 2012
9 7 (1.37%) Amazon DynamoDB
9 7 (1.37%) SQL Server 2008
9 7 (1.37%) SQL Server Analysis Services
9 7 (1.37%) SQL Server Integration Services
10 6 (1.18%) Big Data
10 6 (1.18%) InterSystems Cache
10 6 (1.18%) Redis
11 5 (0.98%) Apache Cassandra
11 5 (0.98%) SQL Server 2005
12 4 (0.78%) Qlik Sense
12 4 (0.78%) QlikView
13 3 (0.59%) SQL Server 2014
Development Applications
1 129 (25.29%) Git (software)
2 54 (10.59%) gulp
3 45 (8.82%) webpack
4 33 (6.47%) Jenkins
5 31 (6.08%) Jasmine
6 29 (5.69%) Grunt
6 29 (5.69%) JIRA
7 27 (5.29%) Selenium
8 23 (4.51%) Babel
9 21 (4.12%) Axure RP
10 19 (3.73%) Gradle
10 19 (3.73%) Mocha
11 17 (3.33%) Spock
12 16 (3.14%) Gatling
12 16 (3.14%) Geb
12 16 (3.14%) GitLab
13 15 (2.94%) Cucumber
14 12 (2.35%) Karma Test Runner
15 11 (2.16%) NUnit
16 10 (1.96%) TeamCity
General
1 106 (20.78%) Finance
2 46 (9.02%) Banking
3 36 (7.06%) Marketing
4 30 (5.88%) Retail
5 10 (1.96%) Law
6 8 (1.57%) Front Office
7 7 (1.37%) Games
7 7 (1.37%) Publishing
8 6 (1.18%) Investment Banking
8 6 (1.18%) Telecoms
9 4 (0.78%) Advertising
9 4 (0.78%) Retail Banking
10 3 (0.59%) Digital Economy
11 2 (0.39%) Back Office
11 2 (0.39%) Financial Institution
12 1 (0.20%) Electronics
12 1 (0.20%) Legal
12 1 (0.20%) Manufacturing
Job Titles
1 408 (80.00%) Developer
2 96 (18.82%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 83 (16.27%) JavaScript Developer
4 56 (10.98%) Java Developer
5 54 (10.59%) React Developer
6 41 (8.04%) .NET Developer
7 40 (7.84%) Full Stack Developer
8 37 (7.25%) Senior Developer
9 33 (6.47%) Angular Developer
9 33 (6.47%) C# Developer
10 30 (5.88%) HTML Developer
11 26 (5.10%) Designer
12 25 (4.90%) UX Designer
13 22 (4.31%) C# .NET Developer
13 22 (4.31%) HTML CSS Developer
14 21 (4.12%) PHP Developer
15 20 (3.92%) UI Developer
16 19 (3.73%) Agile Developer
17 16 (3.14%) Agile Java Developer
17 16 (3.14%) Drupal Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 456 (89.41%) HTML
2 247 (48.43%) HTML5
3 188 (36.86%) AngularJS
4 175 (34.31%) CSS3
5 171 (33.53%) React
6 125 (24.51%) Node.js
7 103 (20.20%) jQuery
8 97 (19.02%) Sass
9 90 (17.65%) .NET
10 83 (16.27%) RESTful
11 67 (13.14%) Web Services
12 63 (12.35%) Redux
13 61 (11.96%) Twitter Bootstrap
14 52 (10.20%) ASP.NET
15 48 (9.41%) REST
16 40 (7.84%) Ajax
16 40 (7.84%) SOAP
17 39 (7.65%) LESS
18 36 (7.06%) Spring
19 35 (6.86%) XML
Miscellaneous
1 86 (16.86%) User Experience
2 40 (7.84%) Greenfield Project
3 34 (6.67%) Mobile App
4 29 (5.69%) Fintech
5 12 (2.35%) Analytical Skills
6 9 (1.76%) Data Structures
7 8 (1.57%) Virtual Team
8 7 (1.37%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
8 7 (1.37%) RIA
9 6 (1.18%) Algorithms
9 6 (1.18%) Animation
10 5 (0.98%) Enterprise Software
11 4 (0.78%) Derivative
11 4 (0.78%) Fixed Income
11 4 (0.78%) Linux Command Line
11 4 (0.78%) NHS
11 4 (0.78%) W3C
12 3 (0.59%) Computer Science
12 3 (0.59%) Credit Risk
12 3 (0.59%) Online Games
Operating Systems
1 56 (10.98%) Linux
2 17 (3.33%) Unix
3 16 (3.14%) Windows
4 11 (2.16%) Android
4 11 (2.16%) Apple iOS
5 7 (1.37%) Mac OS X
6 3 (0.59%) VMS
6 3 (0.59%) Windows Server
7 2 (0.39%) Windows Server 2008
7 2 (0.39%) Windows Server 2012
8 1 (0.20%) CentOS
8 1 (0.20%) Mac OS
Processes & Methodologies
1 222 (43.53%) Agile Software Development
2 148 (29.02%) Front End Development
3 135 (26.47%) TDD
4 85 (16.67%) Web Development
5 82 (16.08%) MVC
6 72 (14.12%) BDD
7 56 (10.98%) Software Engineering
8 52 (10.20%) Scrum
9 50 (9.80%) E-Commerce
10 49 (9.61%) OO
11 43 (8.43%) Unit Testing
12 41 (8.04%) Continuous Integration
13 40 (7.84%) Test Automation
14 39 (7.65%) Microservices
15 37 (7.25%) Open Source
16 33 (6.47%) Prototyping
17 32 (6.27%) Domain-Driven Design
18 31 (6.08%) Responsive Web Design
19 27 (5.29%) DevOps
20 26 (5.10%) Web Application Development
Programming Languages
1 433 (84.90%) JavaScript
2 116 (22.75%) Java
3 86 (16.86%) C#
4 81 (15.88%) ES6
5 65 (12.75%) SQL
6 59 (11.57%) PHP
7 56 (10.98%) TypeScript
8 29 (5.69%) Scala
9 27 (5.29%) Python
10 23 (4.51%) Groovy
11 20 (3.92%) Ruby
12 9 (1.76%) VB.NET
13 8 (1.57%) T-SQL
14 7 (1.37%) C++
14 7 (1.37%) MUMPS
14 7 (1.37%) Objective-C
14 7 (1.37%) PL/SQL
15 6 (1.18%) Apex Code
15 6 (1.18%) Bash Shell
16 5 (0.98%) Apple Swift
Qualifications
1 12 (2.35%) Degree
2 4 (0.78%) Security Cleared
3 3 (0.59%) SC Cleared
4 2 (0.39%) Computer Science Degree
4 2 (0.39%) Microsoft Certification
5 1 (0.20%) APMP
5 1 (0.20%) IBM Certification
5 1 (0.20%) MCSD
5 1 (0.20%) Numerate Degree
5 1 (0.20%) PhD
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 35 (6.86%) QA
2 6 (1.18%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 5 (0.98%) WCAG
System Software
1 65 (12.75%) Docker
2 1 (0.20%) Active Directory
2 1 (0.20%) Virtual Machines
Systems Management
1 16 (3.14%) Docker Swarm
2 12 (2.35%) Opscode Chef
3 11 (2.16%) Ansible
4 5 (0.98%) Puppet
5 4 (0.78%) Terraform
6 1 (0.20%) HockeyApp
6 1 (0.20%) Matomo
6 1 (0.20%) Single Sign-On
6 1 (0.20%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
Vendors
1 37 (7.25%) Adobe
2 34 (6.67%) Microsoft
3 18 (3.53%) Salesforce.com
4 11 (2.16%) Oracle
5 7 (1.37%) Google
5 7 (1.37%) New Relic
5 7 (1.37%) ServiceNow
6 5 (0.98%) Atlassian
7 4 (0.78%) Zend
8 3 (0.59%) Cognos
8 3 (0.59%) Solace
8 3 (0.59%) Splunk
9 2 (0.39%) Apiary
9 2 (0.39%) Demandware
9 2 (0.39%) Nintex
9 2 (0.39%) PayPal
9 2 (0.39%) Salesforce Marketing Cloud
9 2 (0.39%) Sitecore
9 2 (0.39%) Sybase
10 1 (0.20%) Tableau