Period
to 30 March 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for CSS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited CSS over the 6 months to 30 March 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

CSS (Cascading Style Sheets)
Central London > City of London
6 months to
30 Mar 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 28 28 21
Rank change year-on-year 0 -7 -5
Contract jobs citing CSS 257 426 533
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the City of London 6.00% 6.26% 7.44%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 17.44% 16.55% 19.69%
Number of daily rates quoted 199 364 451
Median daily rate £525 £500 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% +5.56%
10th Percentile £350 £325 £325
90th Percentile £675 £638 £625
Central London median daily rate £500 £500 £475
% change year-on-year - +5.26% +5.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 2 1
Median hourly rate - £16.50 £27.09
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - -39.09% -22.60%
Central London median hourly rate - £16.50 £27.09
% change year-on-year - -39.09% -22.60%

CSS is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
City of London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 1,474 2,574 2,707
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 34.43% 37.81% 37.80%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,167 2,083 2,289
Median daily rate £525 £525 £520
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +0.96% +8.33%
10th Percentile £387 £407 £363
90th Percentile £675 £675 £675
Central London median daily rate £525 £525 £500
% change year-on-year - +5.00% +5.26%
Number of hourly rates quoted 9 7 13
Median hourly rate £35.00 £35.00 £21.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - +62.79% -30.42%
10th Percentile £24.50 £16.70 £21.25
90th Percentile £62.00 £92.20 £63.65
Median hourly rate £35.00 £35.00 £21.50
% change year-on-year - +62.79% -30.42%

CSS
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing CSS as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for CSS in the City of London

CSS
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing CSS in the City of London.

Daily rate trend for CSS in the City of London

CSS
Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing CSS in the City of London over the 6 months to 30 March 2020.

Daily rate histogram for CSS in the City of London

CSS
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing CSS in the City of London.

Hourly rate trend for CSS in the City of London

CSS
Contract Job Locations in the City of London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS within the City of London region over the 6 months to 30 March 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Moorgate +22 9 £450 -
CSS
Central London

For the 6 months to 30 March 2020, IT contractor jobs citing CSS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for CSS.

1 231 (89.88%) HTML
2 191 (74.32%) JavaScript
3 112 (43.58%) Agile Software Development
4 97 (37.74%) AngularJS
5 76 (29.57%) HTML5
6 72 (28.02%) Finance
7 69 (26.85%) React
8 65 (25.29%) Front End Development
9 51 (19.84%) Java
9 51 (19.84%) TDD
10 50 (19.46%) Git (software)
10 50 (19.46%) C#
11 47 (18.29%) CSS3
12 46 (17.90%) User Experience
13 45 (17.51%) .NET
14 43 (16.73%) TypeScript
15 40 (15.56%) SQL
16 37 (14.40%) Continuous Integration
17 35 (13.62%) Scrum
18 33 (12.84%) Azure
19 32 (12.45%) Test Automation
19 32 (12.45%) Sass
20 31 (12.06%) Node.js
21 29 (11.28%) CMS
21 29 (11.28%) jQuery
21 29 (11.28%) RESTful
22 27 (10.51%) BDD
22 27 (10.51%) Web Development
22 27 (10.51%) PHP
22 27 (10.51%) SQL Server

CSS
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 29 (11.28%) CMS
2 11 (4.28%) WordPress
3 9 (3.50%) Confluence
4 7 (2.72%) Adobe Experience Manager
4 7 (2.72%) WebLogic
5 6 (2.33%) WebSphere
6 5 (1.95%) Elasticsearch
7 3 (1.17%) Apache
7 3 (1.17%) IIS
8 2 (0.78%) Drupal
8 2 (0.78%) SharePoint
9 1 (0.39%) Apache Spark
9 1 (0.39%) JBoss
9 1 (0.39%) Mendix
9 1 (0.39%) Oracle SOA Suite
9 1 (0.39%) SAS
9 1 (0.39%) Sitecore CMS
9 1 (0.39%) Tomcat
9 1 (0.39%) Tornado
9 1 (0.39%) Umbraco
Applications
1 8 (3.11%) Microsoft Excel
2 5 (1.95%) Sketch
3 4 (1.56%) InVision
3 4 (1.56%) Zeplin
4 3 (1.17%) Photoshop
5 2 (0.78%) Adobe XD
5 2 (0.78%) Lectora
6 1 (0.39%) Adobe Illustrator
6 1 (0.39%) Microsoft Office
Business Applications
1 4 (1.56%) Magento
2 3 (1.17%) Dynamics CRM
Cloud Services
1 33 (12.84%) Azure
2 22 (8.56%) AWS
3 19 (7.39%) GitHub
4 11 (4.28%) GCP
5 6 (2.33%) npm
6 4 (1.56%) Cloud Computing
7 2 (0.78%) Dynamics 365
7 2 (0.78%) Serverless
8 1 (0.39%) AWS CloudFormation
8 1 (0.39%) Azure Functions
8 1 (0.39%) Datadog
8 1 (0.39%) Fastly
8 1 (0.39%) Heroku
8 1 (0.39%) Office 365
8 1 (0.39%) PaaS
Communications & Networking
1 9 (3.50%) HTTP
2 2 (0.78%) SSL
3 1 (0.39%) AMQP
3 1 (0.39%) DNS
3 1 (0.39%) FTP
3 1 (0.39%) Intranet
3 1 (0.39%) TCP/IP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 27 (10.51%) SQL Server
2 12 (4.67%) MySQL
3 11 (4.28%) PostgreSQL
3 11 (4.28%) Relational Database
4 6 (2.33%) MongoDB
5 5 (1.95%) Jackrabbit
5 5 (1.95%) NoSQL
5 5 (1.95%) RDBMS
6 3 (1.17%) Amazon DynamoDB
6 3 (1.17%) Data Warehouse
6 3 (1.17%) OLAP
6 3 (1.17%) SQL Server Reporting Services
7 2 (0.78%) Apache Cassandra
7 2 (0.78%) HBase
8 1 (0.39%) Apache Hive
8 1 (0.39%) Azure SQL Database
8 1 (0.39%) Big Data
8 1 (0.39%) Qlik Sense
8 1 (0.39%) Redis
8 1 (0.39%) SQL Server 2014
Development Applications
1 50 (19.46%) Git (software)
2 25 (9.73%) JIRA
3 24 (9.34%) Jenkins
4 9 (3.50%) git-flow
4 9 (3.50%) Team Foundation Server
5 8 (3.11%) gulp
5 8 (3.11%) JUnit
5 8 (3.11%) Visual Studio
5 8 (3.11%) webpack
6 7 (2.72%) Gradle
7 6 (2.33%) Ant
7 6 (2.33%) Babel
7 6 (2.33%) GitLab
7 6 (2.33%) JMeter
7 6 (2.33%) Maven
7 6 (2.33%) Mockito
7 6 (2.33%) TeamCity
8 5 (1.95%) Cypress.io
8 5 (1.95%) Octopus Deploy
8 5 (1.95%) Travis CI
General
1 72 (28.02%) Finance
2 22 (8.56%) Banking
3 19 (7.39%) Marketing
4 16 (6.23%) Front Office
5 12 (4.67%) Investment Banking
6 6 (2.33%) Games
7 5 (1.95%) Public Sector
8 3 (1.17%) Law
8 3 (1.17%) Publishing
9 2 (0.78%) Advertising
9 2 (0.78%) Housing Association
9 2 (0.78%) International Banking
9 2 (0.78%) Retail
9 2 (0.78%) Telecoms
10 1 (0.39%) Automotive
10 1 (0.39%) Electronics
10 1 (0.39%) Legal
10 1 (0.39%) Local Government
10 1 (0.39%) Manufacturing
Job Titles
1 225 (87.55%) Developer
2 45 (17.51%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 33 (12.84%) Full Stack Developer
3 33 (12.84%) JavaScript Developer
4 31 (12.06%) C# Developer
4 31 (12.06%) React Developer
5 25 (9.73%) Senior Developer
6 22 (8.56%) Angular Developer
7 21 (8.17%) HTML Developer
8 19 (7.39%) .NET Developer
9 18 (7.00%) Java Developer
10 17 (6.61%) C# .NET Developer
11 15 (5.84%) HTML CSS Developer
12 12 (4.67%) Designer
12 12 (4.67%) Ruby on Rails Developer
13 11 (4.28%) UI Developer
14 10 (3.89%) Architect
15 9 (3.50%) Web Developer
15 9 (3.50%) WordPress Developer
16 8 (3.11%) UX Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 231 (89.88%) HTML
2 97 (37.74%) AngularJS
3 76 (29.57%) HTML5
4 69 (26.85%) React
5 47 (18.29%) CSS3
6 45 (17.51%) .NET
7 32 (12.45%) Sass
8 31 (12.06%) Node.js
9 29 (11.28%) jQuery
9 29 (11.28%) RESTful
10 24 (9.34%) Redux
10 24 (9.34%) Web Services
11 21 (8.17%) REST
12 19 (7.39%) ASP.NET
12 19 (7.39%) JSON
13 18 (7.00%) XML
14 17 (6.61%) Spring
15 14 (5.45%) Vue.js
16 13 (5.06%) Jest
16 13 (5.06%) Twitter Bootstrap
Miscellaneous
1 46 (17.90%) User Experience
2 17 (6.61%) Mobile App
3 13 (5.06%) Enterprise Software
4 11 (4.28%) Analytical Skills
4 11 (4.28%) Self-Motivation
5 10 (3.89%) Greenfield Project
6 9 (3.50%) W3C
7 8 (3.11%) Mobile Payment
8 7 (2.72%) Data Structures
8 7 (2.72%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
9 4 (1.56%) Fixed Income
10 3 (1.17%) BYOD
10 3 (1.17%) Hedge funds
10 3 (1.17%) Public Cloud
11 2 (0.78%) Animation
11 2 (0.78%) Derivative
11 2 (0.78%) Learning Management System
11 2 (0.78%) Management Information System
11 2 (0.78%) Virtual Team
11 2 (0.78%) Web 2.0
Operating Systems
1 9 (3.50%) Linux
2 6 (2.33%) Android
3 4 (1.56%) Windows
4 2 (0.78%) Apple iOS
4 2 (0.78%) Unix
Processes & Methodologies
1 112 (43.58%) Agile Software Development
2 65 (25.29%) Front End Development
3 51 (19.84%) TDD
4 37 (14.40%) Continuous Integration
5 35 (13.62%) Scrum
6 32 (12.45%) Test Automation
7 27 (10.51%) BDD
7 27 (10.51%) Web Development
8 23 (8.95%) DevOps
9 22 (8.56%) Microservices
10 21 (8.17%) E-Commerce
10 21 (8.17%) MVC
10 21 (8.17%) SDLC
11 20 (7.78%) Computer Science
12 18 (7.00%) Software Engineering
13 16 (6.23%) Content Management
14 13 (5.06%) Kanban
15 12 (4.67%) Responsive Web Design
15 12 (4.67%) Unit Testing
16 11 (4.28%) Waterfall
Programming Languages
1 191 (74.32%) JavaScript
2 51 (19.84%) Java
3 50 (19.46%) C#
4 43 (16.73%) TypeScript
5 40 (15.56%) SQL
6 27 (10.51%) PHP
7 20 (7.78%) Python
8 17 (6.61%) Ruby
9 12 (4.67%) ES6
10 11 (4.28%) VBA
11 9 (3.50%) Kotlin
12 4 (1.56%) ES7
12 4 (1.56%) Java 8
12 4 (1.56%) PL/SQL
12 4 (1.56%) Scala
13 3 (1.17%) C++
13 3 (1.17%) CoffeeScript
13 3 (1.17%) PowerShell
14 2 (0.78%) Bash Shell
14 2 (0.78%) Shell Script
Qualifications
1 20 (7.78%) Degree
2 12 (4.67%) Computer Science Degree
3 6 (2.33%) Security Cleared
4 5 (1.95%) Master's Degree
5 3 (1.17%) BC Cleared
5 3 (1.17%) SC Cleared
6 1 (0.39%) BPSS Clearance
6 1 (0.39%) CTC Cleared
6 1 (0.39%) DV Cleared
6 1 (0.39%) PMI Certification
6 1 (0.39%) PMP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 22 (8.56%) QA
2 9 (3.50%) WCAG
3 1 (0.39%) PMO
3 1 (0.39%) SLA
System Software
1 16 (6.23%) Docker
2 2 (0.78%) Active Directory
3 1 (0.39%) Virtual Machines
Systems Management
1 6 (2.33%) Kubernetes
2 4 (1.56%) Ansible
3 3 (1.17%) Terraform
4 2 (0.78%) Kibana
5 1 (0.39%) Docker Swarm
Vendors
1 13 (5.06%) Microsoft
2 11 (4.28%) Adobe
3 9 (3.50%) Google
3 9 (3.50%) Oracle
4 5 (1.95%) Atlassian
5 4 (1.56%) Vermilion
6 3 (1.17%) Cognos
7 2 (0.78%) Apple
7 2 (0.78%) ServiceNow
7 2 (0.78%) Sitecore
8 1 (0.39%) Bloomberg
8 1 (0.39%) Hortonworks
8 1 (0.39%) HubSpot
8 1 (0.39%) Netezza
8 1 (0.39%) New Relic
8 1 (0.39%) Perforce
8 1 (0.39%) Salesforce Marketing Cloud
8 1 (0.39%) Salesforce.com
8 1 (0.39%) SAP
8 1 (0.39%) Twitter