The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for CSS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited CSS over the 3 months to 26 June 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

CSS (Cascading Style Sheets)
London / City of London
3 months to
26 Jun 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 12 11 26
Rank change year-on-year -1 +15  
Contract jobs citing CSS 334 346 358
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 10.07% 10.41% 6.16%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 26.66% 29.85% 20.71%
Number of daily rates quoted 278 298 283
Median daily rate £475 £425 £375
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +11.76% +13.33%  
90% offered a daily rate of more than £324 £307 £250
10% offered a daily rate of more than £625 £550 £521
UK excluding London median daily rate £375 £350 £325
% change year-on-year +7.14% +7.69%  
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 0 2
Median hourly rate - - £19.93
UK excluding London median hourly rate £38.50 £29.75 £35.00
% change year-on-year +29.41% -15.00%  

CSS is in the industry standards, technical specifications and software library and framework skills category. The next table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for industry standards, technical specifications and software library and framework skills.

Contract Software Library & Framework Skills
City of London
Contract job vacancies with a requirement for industry standards, technical specifications and software library and framework skills 1253 1159 1729
As % of all contract IT job vacancies advertised in the City of London 37.76% 34.86% 29.77%
Number of daily rates quoted 1023 998 1394
Median daily rate £500 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +11.00% +5.88%  
90% offered a daily rate of more than £363 £325 £320
10% offered a daily rate of more than £625 £575 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £375 £350
% change year-on-year +6.66% +7.14%  
Number of hourly rates quoted 5 1 11
Median hourly rate £24.36 £20.00 £24.23
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +21.80% -17.45%  
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £21.50 £20.00 £15.64
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £24.86 £20.00 £187.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £42.50 £36.00 £40.00
% change year-on-year +18.05% -10.00%  

CSS
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

The job posting trend of jobs advertised in the City of London citing CSS as a proportion of all contract or permanent IT jobs with a match in the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category.

Job vacancy trend for CSS in the City of London

CSS
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing CSS in the City of London.

Contractor daily rate trend for CSS in the City of London

CSS
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing CSS in the City of London over the 3 months to 26 June 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for CSS in the City of London

CSS
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS in the City of London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for CSS in the City of London

For the 6 months to 26 June 2017, IT contractor jobs citing CSS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads across the City of London region with a requirement for CSS.

1 511 (90.76%) HTML
2 454 (80.64%) JavaScript
3 246 (43.69%) AngularJS
4 243 (43.16%) Agile Software Development
5 217 (38.54%) HTML5
6 167 (29.66%) React
7 166 (29.48%) Front End Development
8 155 (27.53%) CSS3
8 155 (27.53%) jQuery
9 149 (26.47%) TDD
10 128 (22.74%) C#
11 125 (22.20%) Java
11 125 (22.20%) MVC
11 125 (22.20%) Finance
12 121 (21.49%) .NET
13 116 (20.60%) Node.js
14 107 (19.01%) SQL
15 105 (18.65%) Git (software)
16 104 (18.47%) Web Development
17 103 (18.29%) User Experience
18 99 (17.58%) Scrum
19 81 (14.39%) Sass
20 76 (13.50%) OO
20 76 (13.50%) RESTful
21 75 (13.32%) Banking
22 65 (11.55%) gulp
22 65 (11.55%) Web Services
23 64 (11.37%) SQL Server
24 63 (11.19%) BDD
25 62 (11.01%) Continuous Integration

CSS
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 22 (3.91%) Apache
2 18 (3.20%) CMS
3 14 (2.49%) SharePoint
3 14 (2.49%) Tomcat
4 13 (2.31%) WordPress
5 12 (2.13%) Confluence
6 10 (1.78%) Elasticsearch
6 10 (1.78%) IIS
7 9 (1.60%) nginx
8 8 (1.42%) Adobe Experience Manager
8 8 (1.42%) Drupal
8 8 (1.42%) Mule
9 6 (1.07%) SharePoint 2013
9 6 (1.07%) WebLogic
10 5 (0.89%) JBoss
10 5 (0.89%) SharePoint 2010
10 5 (0.89%) Sitecore CMS
10 5 (0.89%) Umbraco
11 4 (0.71%) Apache Solr
11 4 (0.71%) EPiServer
Applications
1 17 (3.02%) Photoshop
2 12 (2.13%) Adobe Creative Suite
3 9 (1.60%) Adobe Illustrator
4 5 (0.89%) OmniGraffle
5 4 (0.71%) Microsoft Office
6 3 (0.53%) InVision
6 3 (0.53%) UXPin
7 1 (0.18%) Adobe After Effects
7 1 (0.18%) Adobe Captivate
7 1 (0.18%) InfoPath
7 1 (0.18%) Microsoft Excel
7 1 (0.18%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 8 (1.42%) Payment Gateway
2 7 (1.24%) Dynamics CRM
3 5 (0.89%) Eloqua
4 3 (0.53%) Magento
4 3 (0.53%) SAP Hybris
5 2 (0.36%) SAP CRM
6 1 (0.18%) ION MarketView
6 1 (0.18%) osCommerce
6 1 (0.18%) SessionCam
6 1 (0.18%) Shopify
6 1 (0.18%) Social Studio
Cloud Services
1 53 (9.41%) Amazon AWS
2 27 (4.80%) Microsoft Azure
3 13 (2.31%) GitHub
4 12 (2.13%) SaaS
5 7 (1.24%) AWS CloudFormation
6 6 (1.07%) Cloud Computing
7 5 (0.89%) Google Analytics
7 5 (0.89%) Office 365
8 4 (0.71%) Salesforce Service Cloud
9 3 (0.53%) AWS Lambda
9 3 (0.53%) Bluemix
9 3 (0.53%) IBM Cloud
10 2 (0.36%) Amazon SQS
10 2 (0.36%) Google Cloud Platform
10 2 (0.36%) Google Tag Manager
10 2 (0.36%) MailChimp
11 1 (0.18%) Adobe Analytics
11 1 (0.18%) Amazon EC2
11 1 (0.18%) Amazon Kinesis
11 1 (0.18%) Amazon S3
Communications & Networking
1 19 (3.37%) HTTP
2 13 (2.31%) Internet
3 3 (0.53%) Intranet
3 3 (0.53%) TCP/IP
4 2 (0.36%) HTTPS
5 1 (0.18%) DNS
5 1 (0.18%) RTP
5 1 (0.18%) RTSP
5 1 (0.18%) SNMP
5 1 (0.18%) SSH
5 1 (0.18%) SSL
Database & Business Intelligence
1 64 (11.37%) SQL Server
2 40 (7.10%) MySQL
3 35 (6.22%) MongoDB
4 29 (5.15%) NoSQL
5 25 (4.44%) SQL Server 2008
6 23 (4.09%) SQL Server 2012
7 21 (3.73%) Relational Database
8 13 (2.31%) SQL Server 2005
9 7 (1.24%) Big Data
9 7 (1.24%) SQL Server 2016
9 7 (1.24%) SQL Server Integration Services
10 6 (1.07%) Apache Cassandra
11 4 (0.71%) CouchDB
11 4 (0.71%) PostgreSQL
12 3 (0.53%) Couchbase
12 3 (0.53%) QlikView
12 3 (0.53%) RDBMS
12 3 (0.53%) Redis
13 2 (0.36%) GIS
14 1 (0.18%) SQL Server Reporting Services
Development Applications
1 105 (18.65%) Git (software)
2 65 (11.55%) gulp
3 46 (8.17%) Grunt
4 38 (6.75%) Jasmine
5 37 (6.57%) Jenkins
6 31 (5.51%) Selenium
7 26 (4.62%) JIRA
7 26 (4.62%) Maven
7 26 (4.62%) Visual Studio
7 26 (4.62%) webpack
8 24 (4.26%) NUnit
9 23 (4.09%) IntelliJ
9 23 (4.09%) Mocha
9 23 (4.09%) Team Foundation Server
10 21 (3.73%) Cucumber
11 20 (3.55%) Moq
12 17 (3.02%) Bower
12 17 (3.02%) MSTest
13 16 (2.84%) Axure RP
13 16 (2.84%) JUnit
General
1 125 (22.20%) Finance
2 75 (13.32%) Banking
3 34 (6.04%) Investment Banking
4 26 (4.62%) Marketing
5 22 (3.91%) Front Office
6 17 (3.02%) Retail
7 11 (1.95%) Advertising
8 9 (1.60%) Games
9 8 (1.42%) Law
10 5 (0.89%) Digital Economy
10 5 (0.89%) Publishing
10 5 (0.89%) Telecoms
11 3 (0.53%) Retail Banking
12 2 (0.36%) Automotive
12 2 (0.36%) Music Industry
13 1 (0.18%) Back Office
13 1 (0.18%) Electronics
13 1 (0.18%) Financial Institution
13 1 (0.18%) Legal
13 1 (0.18%) Multimedia
Job Titles
1 480 (85.26%) Developer
2 124 (22.02%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 106 (18.83%) JavaScript Developer
4 87 (15.45%) Senior Developer
5 68 (12.08%) Full Stack Developer
5 68 (12.08%) Java Developer
6 63 (11.19%) Angular Developer
7 53 (9.41%) .NET Developer
8 47 (8.35%) HTML Developer
9 36 (6.39%) C# Developer
9 36 (6.39%) Web Developer
10 35 (6.22%) HTML CSS Developer
10 35 (6.22%) UI Developer
11 26 (4.62%) Designer
12 24 (4.26%) Senior JavaScript Developer
13 22 (3.91%) Node.js Developer
14 20 (3.55%) C# .NET Developer
15 18 (3.20%) UX Developer
16 16 (2.84%) SQL Developer
16 16 (2.84%) UX Designer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 511 (90.76%) HTML
2 246 (43.69%) AngularJS
3 217 (38.54%) HTML5
4 167 (29.66%) React
5 155 (27.53%) CSS3
5 155 (27.53%) jQuery
6 121 (21.49%) .NET
7 116 (20.60%) Node.js
8 81 (14.39%) Sass
9 76 (13.50%) RESTful
10 65 (11.55%) Web Services
11 58 (10.30%) Ajax
12 55 (9.77%) XML
13 51 (9.06%) ASP.NET
13 51 (9.06%) JSON
14 48 (8.53%) REST
15 47 (8.35%) Twitter Bootstrap
16 46 (8.17%) Redux
17 44 (7.82%) Spring
18 38 (6.75%) .NET Framework
Miscellaneous
1 103 (18.29%) User Experience
2 41 (7.28%) Greenfield Project
3 26 (4.62%) Analytical Skills
4 21 (3.73%) NHS
5 20 (3.55%) Fintech
6 18 (3.20%) Mobile App
7 15 (2.66%) Computer Science
8 14 (2.49%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
9 11 (1.95%) Enterprise Software
10 10 (1.78%) Data Structures
11 9 (1.60%) RIA
11 9 (1.60%) Social Media
12 7 (1.24%) Equities
13 6 (1.07%) Fixed Income
13 6 (1.07%) Hedge funds
14 4 (0.71%) Taxonomies
14 4 (0.71%) Virtual Team
15 3 (0.53%) Algorithms
15 3 (0.53%) Cloud Native
15 3 (0.53%) iPhone
Operating Systems
1 43 (7.64%) Linux
2 32 (5.68%) Windows
3 27 (4.80%) Apple iOS
4 18 (3.20%) Android
5 17 (3.02%) Unix
6 5 (0.89%) Windows 10
6 5 (0.89%) Windows Server
7 3 (0.53%) CentOS
7 3 (0.53%) Ubuntu
8 1 (0.18%) Mac OS X
8 1 (0.18%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 1 (0.18%) Windows Server 2008
8 1 (0.18%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 243 (43.16%) Agile Software Development
2 166 (29.48%) Front End Development
3 149 (26.47%) TDD
4 125 (22.20%) MVC
5 104 (18.47%) Web Development
6 99 (17.58%) Scrum
7 76 (13.50%) OO
8 63 (11.19%) BDD
9 62 (11.01%) Continuous Integration
10 55 (9.77%) Test Automation
11 54 (9.59%) Unit Testing
12 42 (7.46%) SOLID
13 41 (7.28%) Kanban
13 41 (7.28%) Software Engineering
14 40 (7.10%) Pair Programming
15 38 (6.75%) E-Commerce
15 38 (6.75%) Responsive Web Design
15 38 (6.75%) SOA
16 34 (6.04%) Web Application Development
17 32 (5.68%) Open Source
Programming Languages
1 454 (80.64%) JavaScript
2 128 (22.74%) C#
3 125 (22.20%) Java
4 107 (19.01%) SQL
5 48 (8.53%) PHP
6 37 (6.57%) ES6
7 34 (6.04%) Python
8 32 (5.68%) TypeScript
9 21 (3.73%) Groovy
10 19 (3.37%) Scala
11 18 (3.20%) T-SQL
12 17 (3.02%) Ruby
13 13 (2.31%) Apple Swift
14 12 (2.13%) Objective-C
14 12 (2.13%) PowerShell
15 9 (1.60%) Shell Script
16 7 (1.24%) PL/SQL
17 6 (1.07%) Bash Shell
17 6 (1.07%) C
17 6 (1.07%) C++
Qualifications
1 29 (5.15%) Degree
2 12 (2.13%) Computer Science Degree
3 7 (1.24%) Security Cleared
4 5 (0.89%) SC Cleared
5 2 (0.36%) DV Cleared
5 2 (0.36%) MCP
5 2 (0.36%) Microsoft Certification
5 2 (0.36%) OCPJP
5 2 (0.36%) PMI Certification
5 2 (0.36%) PMP
6 1 (0.18%) BPSS Clearance
6 1 (0.18%) Master's Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 40 (7.10%) QA
2 6 (1.07%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 4 (0.71%) MiFID
4 2 (0.36%) Dodd-Frank
4 2 (0.36%) EMIR
5 1 (0.18%) SLA
System Software
1 17 (3.02%) Docker
2 1 (0.18%) Varnish
Systems Management
1 12 (2.13%) Kubernetes
2 3 (0.53%) Ansible
2 3 (0.53%) MOM
2 3 (0.53%) Opscode Chef
3 2 (0.36%) Puppet
3 2 (0.36%) Terraform
Vendors
1 35 (6.22%) Microsoft
2 20 (3.55%) Adobe
2 20 (3.55%) New Relic
3 18 (3.20%) Oracle
4 17 (3.02%) Google
5 8 (1.42%) Salesforce.com
6 7 (1.24%) Twitter
6 7 (1.24%) Xamarin
7 5 (0.89%) Apple
7 5 (0.89%) Sitecore
8 4 (0.71%) Marketo
8 4 (0.71%) ServiceNow
8 4 (0.71%) Tableau
9 3 (0.53%) hybris
9 3 (0.53%) IBM
9 3 (0.53%) Red Hat
9 3 (0.53%) Redback
9 3 (0.53%) SAP
10 2 (0.36%) Informatica
10 2 (0.36%) TIBCO
City, London
Ashdown IT
Rate: £450 - £500 per day
Posted: 16 hours ago
City, London
ANSON MCCADE
Rate: UKP 550 per day
Posted: 8 hours ago
City, London
ANSON MCCADE
Rate: UKP 550 per day
Posted: 8 hours ago
City, London
TEKsystems
Rate: £650 - £700 per day
Posted: 7 hours ago
City, London
SanRidge Ltd
Posted: 13 hours ago
City, London
TEKsystems
Rate: £575 - £650 per day
Posted: 3 days ago
City, London
Premier IT
Rate: £400 - £450 per day
Posted: 4 days ago
City, London
ARC IT Recruitment Ltd
Rate: £350 per day
Posted: 3 days ago
City, London
Venturi
Rate: £450 - £475 per day
Posted: 4 days ago
City, London
Nakama
Rate: From £400 to £440 per day Weekly pay through Nakama
Posted: 5 days ago
City, London
Oscar
Rate: £300 - £340 per day
Posted: 4 days ago
City of London
TDA Group
Rate: £80000 - £100000 per annum + Bonus
Posted: 3 days ago
City, London
Coded People
Rate: £300 - £350 per day
Posted: 6 days ago
City, London
Montash
Rate: £500 - £600 per day
Posted: 5 days ago
City, London
McGregor Boyall
Rate: £500 - £700 per annum
Posted: 5 days ago
City, London
Haysfm
Rate: £400.00 - £450.00 per day
Posted: 4 days ago
City, London
Salt
Rate: £400.00 - £500.00 per day
Posted: 6 days ago
City, London
EPAM Systems
Rate: From £450 to £500 per day
Posted: 5 days ago
City, London
Social Superstore
Rate: From £250 to £550 per day
Posted: 5 days ago
City, London
onezeero.
Rate: £250 - £330 per day
Posted: 3 days ago
City, London
Rullion
Posted: 6 days ago