Period
to 21 November 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for CSS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited CSS over the 6 months to 21 November 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

CSS (Cascading Style Sheets)
Central London > City of London
6 months to
21 Nov 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 28 26 18
Rank change year-on-year -2 -8 -5
Contract jobs citing CSS 372 488 604
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 6.37% 6.89% 8.44%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 18.01% 17.42% 22.16%
Number of daily rates quoted 304 402 507
City of London median daily rate £500 £495 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +1.01% +4.21% +5.56%
10th Percentile £358 £313 £313
90th Percentile £649 £650 £638
Central London median daily rate £500 £488 £475
% change year-on-year +2.56% +2.63% +8.57%
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 2 1
City of London median hourly rate - £16.50 £27.09
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - -39.09% -
Central London median hourly rate - £16.50 £27.09
% change year-on-year - -39.09% -

CSS is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
City of London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 2,065 2,801 2,726
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 35.35% 39.56% 38.10%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,691 2,335 2,284
City of London median daily rate £538 £525 £513
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.38% +2.44% +7.89%
10th Percentile £400 £400 £363
90th Percentile £675 £675 £675
Central London median daily rate £525 £525 £500
% change year-on-year - +5.00% +5.26%
Number of hourly rates quoted 4 5 10
City of London median hourly rate £48.28 £19.00 £22.99
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +154.12% -17.36% -34.31%
10th Percentile £27.56 £14.32 £20.28
90th Percentile £62.15 £77.95 £33.75
Central London median hourly rate £44.57 £27.00 £21.50
% change year-on-year +65.06% +25.58% -38.57%

CSS
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing CSS as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for CSS in the City of London

CSS
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing CSS in the City of London.

Contractor daily rate trend for CSS in the City of London

CSS
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing CSS in the City of London over the 6 months to 21 November 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for CSS in the City of London

CSS
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS in the City of London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for CSS in the City of London

CSS
Contract Job Locations in the City of London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS within the City of London region over the 6 months to 21 November 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London Bridge +32 15 £525 +5.00% 1
Moorgate +9 10 £500 -
CSS
Central London

For the 6 months to 21 November 2019, IT contractor jobs citing CSS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for CSS.

1 330 (88.71%) HTML
2 277 (74.46%) JavaScript
3 173 (46.51%) Agile Software Development
4 141 (37.90%) AngularJS
5 134 (36.02%) React
6 117 (31.45%) Front End Development
7 109 (29.30%) HTML5
8 93 (25.00%) TDD
9 83 (22.31%) Java
10 75 (20.16%) CSS3
11 73 (19.62%) Node.js
12 72 (19.35%) TypeScript
13 64 (17.20%) Git (software)
13 64 (17.20%) Finance
13 64 (17.20%) Redux
14 60 (16.13%) C#
15 58 (15.59%) User Experience
16 53 (14.25%) Web Development
17 52 (13.98%) Azure
18 51 (13.71%) Continuous Integration
18 51 (13.71%) Sass
19 49 (13.17%) .NET
20 46 (12.37%) MVC
21 43 (11.56%) SQL Server
21 43 (11.56%) Scrum
21 43 (11.56%) jQuery
22 42 (11.29%) DevOps
22 42 (11.29%) CMS
23 41 (11.02%) Test Automation
24 40 (10.75%) ES6

CSS
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 42 (11.29%) CMS
2 15 (4.03%) SharePoint
3 12 (3.23%) Confluence
4 11 (2.96%) Apache
4 11 (2.96%) WordPress
5 10 (2.69%) IIS
6 9 (2.42%) Adobe Experience Manager
6 9 (2.42%) JBoss
7 8 (2.15%) Umbraco
8 6 (1.61%) Elasticsearch
9 5 (1.34%) Drupal
9 5 (1.34%) SharePoint 2013
9 5 (1.34%) Sitecore CMS
10 4 (1.08%) WebLogic
10 4 (1.08%) WebSphere
11 3 (0.81%) Apache Solr
11 3 (0.81%) EPiServer
11 3 (0.81%) Tomcat
12 2 (0.54%) Liferay
12 2 (0.54%) Magnolia
Applications
1 10 (2.69%) Photoshop
2 5 (1.34%) Adobe Illustrator
3 4 (1.08%) Microsoft Office
4 3 (0.81%) Adobe Creative Suite
4 3 (0.81%) Microsoft Excel
4 3 (0.81%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 3 (0.81%) Sketch
5 2 (0.54%) Adobe XD
5 2 (0.54%) InDesign
5 2 (0.54%) InVision
5 2 (0.54%) Zeplin
Business Applications
1 7 (1.88%) Dynamics CRM
2 2 (0.54%) Magento
3 1 (0.27%) SDL Web 8
3 1 (0.27%) SessionCam
3 1 (0.27%) WebTrends
Cloud Services
1 52 (13.98%) Azure
2 37 (9.95%) AWS
3 17 (4.57%) GitHub
4 15 (4.03%) npm
5 10 (2.69%) GCP
5 10 (2.69%) Office 365
5 10 (2.69%) Serverless
6 9 (2.42%) PaaS
7 6 (1.61%) Cloud Computing
8 5 (1.34%) AWS Lambda
8 5 (1.34%) SaaS
9 4 (1.08%) Amazon S3
10 3 (0.81%) Amazon SQS
10 3 (0.81%) IaaS
11 2 (0.54%) Adobe Analytics
11 2 (0.54%) Google Analytics
11 2 (0.54%) Power Platform
11 2 (0.54%) Yarn
12 1 (0.27%) Azure Functions
12 1 (0.27%) Fastly
Communications & Networking
1 10 (2.69%) HTTP
2 6 (1.61%) Intranet
3 3 (0.81%) FTP
4 2 (0.54%) DNS
4 2 (0.54%) Internet
4 2 (0.54%) SSL
4 2 (0.54%) TCP/IP
4 2 (0.54%) VPN
5 1 (0.27%) Firewall
5 1 (0.27%) SMS
5 1 (0.27%) SMTP
5 1 (0.27%) SSH
Database & Business Intelligence
1 43 (11.56%) SQL Server
2 23 (6.18%) Relational Database
3 19 (5.11%) MySQL
4 17 (4.57%) PostgreSQL
5 12 (3.23%) NoSQL
6 11 (2.96%) MongoDB
7 8 (2.15%) Jackrabbit
8 7 (1.88%) HBase
9 5 (1.34%) Apache Cassandra
10 4 (1.08%) Big Data
10 4 (1.08%) Couchbase
11 2 (0.54%) Amazon DynamoDB
11 2 (0.54%) DB2
11 2 (0.54%) Oracle Database
11 2 (0.54%) Power BI
11 2 (0.54%) RDBMS
11 2 (0.54%) SQL Server 2008
12 1 (0.27%) Amazon Athena
12 1 (0.27%) Blockchain
12 1 (0.27%) Oracle Reports
Development Applications
1 64 (17.20%) Git (software)
2 30 (8.06%) webpack
3 28 (7.53%) gulp
3 28 (7.53%) JIRA
4 24 (6.45%) Jenkins
5 22 (5.91%) Visual Studio
6 20 (5.38%) Grunt
7 17 (4.57%) TeamCity
8 12 (3.23%) Babel
8 12 (3.23%) Octopus Deploy
9 11 (2.96%) Mocha
9 11 (2.96%) Team Foundation Server
10 9 (2.42%) Jasmine
11 8 (2.15%) Bitbucket
11 8 (2.15%) git-flow
11 8 (2.15%) Selenium
12 7 (1.88%) Atlassian Bamboo
12 7 (1.88%) Gradle
12 7 (1.88%) JUnit
13 6 (1.61%) GitLab
General
1 64 (17.20%) Finance
2 32 (8.60%) Banking
3 29 (7.80%) Marketing
4 23 (6.18%) Front Office
5 15 (4.03%) Investment Banking
6 14 (3.76%) Advertising
7 13 (3.49%) Retail
8 11 (2.96%) Public Sector
9 6 (1.61%) Games
9 6 (1.61%) Law
10 4 (1.08%) Telecoms
11 3 (0.81%) Automotive
11 3 (0.81%) Police
12 1 (0.27%) Electronics
12 1 (0.27%) Housing Association
12 1 (0.27%) Legal
12 1 (0.27%) Manufacturing
12 1 (0.27%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 312 (83.87%) Developer
2 72 (19.35%) React Developer
3 71 (19.09%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
4 57 (15.32%) JavaScript Developer
5 48 (12.90%) Full Stack Developer
6 45 (12.10%) Senior Developer
7 44 (11.83%) Angular Developer
8 29 (7.80%) Java Developer
9 24 (6.45%) UI Developer
10 23 (6.18%) C# Developer
11 20 (5.38%) HTML Developer
12 18 (4.84%) HTML CSS Developer
13 16 (4.30%) PHP Developer
14 15 (4.03%) .NET Developer
15 13 (3.49%) Architect
16 10 (2.69%) Senior React Developer
16 10 (2.69%) Web Developer
17 9 (2.42%) Designer
17 9 (2.42%) Senior UI Developer
17 9 (2.42%) UX Designer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 330 (88.71%) HTML
2 141 (37.90%) AngularJS
3 134 (36.02%) React
4 109 (29.30%) HTML5
5 75 (20.16%) CSS3
6 73 (19.62%) Node.js
7 64 (17.20%) Redux
8 51 (13.71%) Sass
9 49 (13.17%) .NET
10 43 (11.56%) jQuery
11 39 (10.48%) Twitter Bootstrap
12 35 (9.41%) REST
13 33 (8.87%) RESTful
14 32 (8.60%) ASP.NET
14 32 (8.60%) Web Services
15 31 (8.33%) Spring
16 28 (7.53%) JSON
17 24 (6.45%) Angular 2
17 24 (6.45%) Vue.js
18 21 (5.65%) .NET Framework
Miscellaneous
1 58 (15.59%) User Experience
2 22 (5.91%) Greenfield Project
3 13 (3.49%) Analytical Skills
3 13 (3.49%) Mobile App
4 10 (2.69%) Enterprise Software
5 6 (1.61%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
6 5 (1.34%) Management Information System
6 5 (1.34%) Virtual Team
6 5 (1.34%) W3C
7 4 (1.08%) Fixed Income
8 3 (0.81%) Market Risk
8 3 (0.81%) Mobile Payment
8 3 (0.81%) Public Cloud
8 3 (0.81%) SWIFT
8 3 (0.81%) Video\Live Streaming
9 2 (0.54%) Data Structures
9 2 (0.54%) Hedge funds
9 2 (0.54%) Hybrid Cloud
9 2 (0.54%) Linux Command Line
9 2 (0.54%) Video on Demand
Operating Systems
1 21 (5.65%) Linux
2 10 (2.69%) Windows
3 9 (2.42%) Unix
4 5 (1.34%) Apple iOS
5 4 (1.08%) Android
6 3 (0.81%) Windows 10
7 2 (0.54%) Mac OS
7 2 (0.54%) Solaris
7 2 (0.54%) VMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 173 (46.51%) Agile Software Development
2 117 (31.45%) Front End Development
3 93 (25.00%) TDD
4 53 (14.25%) Web Development
5 51 (13.71%) Continuous Integration
6 46 (12.37%) MVC
7 43 (11.56%) Scrum
8 42 (11.29%) DevOps
9 41 (11.02%) Test Automation
10 37 (9.95%) Software Engineering
11 36 (9.68%) Microservices
12 33 (8.87%) BDD
13 30 (8.06%) E-Commerce
14 24 (6.45%) Computer Science
14 24 (6.45%) SDLC
15 22 (5.91%) Responsive Web Design
16 19 (5.11%) Kanban
16 19 (5.11%) Unit Testing
17 18 (4.84%) Content Management
17 18 (4.84%) Web Application Development
Programming Languages
1 277 (74.46%) JavaScript
2 83 (22.31%) Java
3 72 (19.35%) TypeScript
4 60 (16.13%) C#
5 40 (10.75%) ES6
6 37 (9.95%) SQL
7 27 (7.26%) PHP
8 25 (6.72%) Python
9 13 (3.49%) PowerShell
9 13 (3.49%) Ruby
10 8 (2.15%) Go
10 8 (2.15%) Java 8
11 5 (1.34%) ES7
11 5 (1.34%) Kotlin
11 5 (1.34%) Perl
11 5 (1.34%) Scala
12 3 (0.81%) PL/SQL
12 3 (0.81%) T-SQL
13 2 (0.54%) JSX
13 2 (0.54%) PHP 7
Qualifications
1 27 (7.26%) Degree
2 17 (4.57%) Computer Science Degree
3 10 (2.69%) Master's Degree
3 10 (2.69%) SC Cleared
3 10 (2.69%) Security Cleared
4 2 (0.54%) BPSS Clearance
5 1 (0.27%) CTC Cleared
5 1 (0.27%) DV Cleared
5 1 (0.27%) PMI Certification
5 1 (0.27%) PMP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 29 (7.80%) QA
2 9 (2.42%) WCAG
3 1 (0.27%) Data Quality
System Software
1 29 (7.80%) Docker
2 5 (1.34%) Virtual Machines
Systems Management
1 13 (3.49%) Kubernetes
2 7 (1.88%) Terraform
3 6 (1.61%) Ansible
4 2 (0.54%) Docker Swarm
4 2 (0.54%) Single Sign-On
5 1 (0.27%) Kibana
5 1 (0.27%) MIIS
Vendors
1 27 (7.26%) Microsoft
2 20 (5.38%) Oracle
3 17 (4.57%) Adobe
4 14 (3.76%) Google
5 12 (3.23%) Atlassian
6 9 (2.42%) Sitecore
7 6 (1.61%) Vermilion
8 5 (1.34%) Perforce
9 4 (1.08%) New Relic
10 3 (0.81%) IBM
11 2 (0.54%) Apple
11 2 (0.54%) Cypress Semiconductor
11 2 (0.54%) ESRI
11 2 (0.54%) ServiceNow
11 2 (0.54%) Twitter
12 1 (0.27%) ForgeRock
12 1 (0.27%) Nintex
12 1 (0.27%) Salesforce Marketing Cloud
12 1 (0.27%) Sony
12 1 (0.27%) Splunk