Period
to 17 August 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for CSS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited CSS over the 6 months to 17 August 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

CSS (Cascading Style Sheets)
Central London > City of London
6 months to
17 Aug 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 27 21 14
Rank change year-on-year -6 -7 -1
Contract jobs citing CSS 438 556 620
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 6.74% 7.89% 9.38%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 18.42% 19.94% 24.88%
Number of daily rates quoted 361 438 512
City of London median daily rate £500 £475 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.26% - +8.57%
10th Percentile £363 £313 £313
90th Percentile £625 £650 £638
Central London median daily rate £500 £475 £475
% change year-on-year +5.26% - +11.76%
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 1 1
City of London median hourly rate - £55.00 £35.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - +57.14% -
Central London median hourly rate - £55.00 £35.00
% change year-on-year - +57.14% -

CSS is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
City of London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 2,378 2,788 2,492
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 36.57% 39.59% 37.71%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,920 2,276 2,004
City of London median daily rate £525 £525 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.00% +5.26%
10th Percentile £409 £373 £363
90th Percentile £675 £675 £650
Central London median daily rate £525 £525 £500
% change year-on-year - +5.00% +10.99%
Number of hourly rates quoted 12 11 11
City of London median hourly rate £46.85 £22.00 £24.49
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +112.94% -10.15% +16.60%
10th Percentile £23.28 £21.00 £20.75
90th Percentile £60.33 £62.50 £29.62
Central London median hourly rate £49.13 £27.00 £24.36
% change year-on-year +81.96% +10.84% +16.00%

CSS
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing CSS as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for CSS in the City of London

CSS
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing CSS in the City of London.

Contractor daily rate trend for CSS in the City of London

CSS
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing CSS in the City of London over the 6 months to 17 August 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for CSS in the City of London

CSS
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS in the City of London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for CSS in the City of London

CSS
Contract Job Locations in the City of London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS within the City of London region over the 6 months to 17 August 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London Bridge +11 64 £525 +31.25%
Moorgate -10 3 - -
CSS
Central London

For the 6 months to 17 August 2019, IT contractor jobs citing CSS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for CSS.

1 395 (90.18%) HTML
2 351 (80.14%) JavaScript
3 221 (50.46%) Agile Software Development
4 182 (41.55%) React
5 157 (35.84%) HTML5
6 141 (32.19%) AngularJS
7 117 (26.71%) Front End Development
8 102 (23.29%) TDD
9 96 (21.92%) Java
10 91 (20.78%) Redux
11 84 (19.18%) Node.js
11 84 (19.18%) Git (software)
12 81 (18.49%) CSS3
13 71 (16.21%) Sass
14 70 (15.98%) MVC
15 68 (15.53%) Finance
16 65 (14.84%) TypeScript
17 64 (14.61%) Web Development
18 63 (14.38%) Software Engineering
19 60 (13.70%) jQuery
20 58 (13.24%) Twitter Bootstrap
20 58 (13.24%) ES6
21 57 (13.01%) C#
22 51 (11.64%) .NET
22 51 (11.64%) User Experience
23 49 (11.19%) REST
23 49 (11.19%) Microsoft Azure
24 46 (10.50%) SQL
25 43 (9.82%) Amazon AWS
26 42 (9.59%) BDD

CSS
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 26 (5.94%) CMS
2 12 (2.74%) Adobe Experience Manager
2 12 (2.74%) Confluence
2 12 (2.74%) Elasticsearch
3 11 (2.51%) Apache
3 11 (2.51%) JBoss
4 10 (2.28%) Drupal
5 9 (2.05%) SharePoint
5 9 (2.05%) WordPress
6 8 (1.83%) Magnolia
7 5 (1.14%) EPiServer
7 5 (1.14%) Umbraco
7 5 (1.14%) WebSphere
8 4 (0.91%) Apache Solr
8 4 (0.91%) IIS
9 3 (0.68%) Appian
10 2 (0.46%) ArcGIS
10 2 (0.46%) Liferay
10 2 (0.46%) Tomcat
10 2 (0.46%) WebLogic
Applications
1 11 (2.51%) Photoshop
2 5 (1.14%) Adobe Illustrator
3 4 (0.91%) Sketch
4 3 (0.68%) Microsoft Excel
4 3 (0.68%) Microsoft Office
4 3 (0.68%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 2 (0.46%) Adobe Creative Suite
6 1 (0.23%) Adobe After Effects
6 1 (0.23%) Adobe Premiere
6 1 (0.23%) InVision
6 1 (0.23%) MS Visio
6 1 (0.23%) Zeplin
Business Applications
1 1 (0.23%) Dynamics CRM
1 1 (0.23%) Magento
1 1 (0.23%) Oracle BPM
1 1 (0.23%) SDL Web 8
1 1 (0.23%) SessionCam
1 1 (0.23%) Shopify
1 1 (0.23%) WebTrends
Cloud Services
1 49 (11.19%) Microsoft Azure
2 43 (9.82%) Amazon AWS
3 13 (2.97%) GitHub
4 12 (2.74%) Serverless
5 11 (2.51%) npm
6 9 (2.05%) Office 365
7 8 (1.83%) AWS Lambda
8 7 (1.60%) Google Cloud Platform
9 6 (1.37%) Amazon SQS
10 5 (1.14%) Google Analytics
11 4 (0.91%) Amazon S3
12 3 (0.68%) Adobe Analytics
12 3 (0.68%) IaaS
12 3 (0.68%) PaaS
12 3 (0.68%) Power Platform
12 3 (0.68%) Yarn
13 2 (0.46%) Heroku
13 2 (0.46%) SaaS
14 1 (0.23%) Amazon EC2
14 1 (0.23%) Cloud Computing
Communications & Networking
1 10 (2.28%) HTTP
2 7 (1.60%) SSL
2 7 (1.60%) TCP/IP
3 6 (1.37%) DNS
3 6 (1.37%) FTP
3 6 (1.37%) Intranet
4 3 (0.68%) VPN
5 2 (0.46%) Firewall
5 2 (0.46%) Internet
6 1 (0.23%) BGP
6 1 (0.23%) DWDM
6 1 (0.23%) EIGRP
6 1 (0.23%) Ethernet
6 1 (0.23%) LAN
6 1 (0.23%) MPLS
6 1 (0.23%) OSPF
6 1 (0.23%) RIP
6 1 (0.23%) SDH
6 1 (0.23%) SONET
6 1 (0.23%) VPLS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 35 (7.99%) PostgreSQL
1 35 (7.99%) SQL Server
2 33 (7.53%) MySQL
3 26 (5.94%) Relational Database
4 18 (4.11%) MongoDB
5 14 (3.20%) NoSQL
6 7 (1.60%) Couchbase
7 6 (1.37%) Big Data
8 4 (0.91%) HBase
9 3 (0.68%) Apache Cassandra
9 3 (0.68%) Blockchain
9 3 (0.68%) Jackrabbit
9 3 (0.68%) Oracle Database
9 3 (0.68%) RDBMS
10 2 (0.46%) Amazon DynamoDB
10 2 (0.46%) Power BI
10 2 (0.46%) SQL Server 2016
11 1 (0.23%) Amazon RDS
11 1 (0.23%) Redis
11 1 (0.23%) SQL Server 2012
Development Applications
1 84 (19.18%) Git (software)
2 39 (8.90%) webpack
3 29 (6.62%) gulp
4 26 (5.94%) Jenkins
4 26 (5.94%) JIRA
5 16 (3.65%) Grunt
5 16 (3.65%) Selenium
6 15 (3.42%) Jasmine
6 15 (3.42%) Mocha
7 13 (2.97%) Gatling
8 12 (2.74%) Visual Studio
9 10 (2.28%) Atlassian Bamboo
9 10 (2.28%) GitLab
9 10 (2.28%) Gradle
9 10 (2.28%) Maven
9 10 (2.28%) TeamCity
10 9 (2.05%) Babel
10 9 (2.05%) Bitbucket
10 9 (2.05%) git-flow
10 9 (2.05%) Sonatype Nexus
General
1 68 (15.53%) Finance
2 42 (9.59%) Banking
3 22 (5.02%) Retail
4 20 (4.57%) Marketing
5 19 (4.34%) Front Office
6 9 (2.05%) Advertising
7 5 (1.14%) Investment Banking
7 5 (1.14%) Publishing
8 4 (0.91%) Dutch Language
8 4 (0.91%) French Language
8 4 (0.91%) German Language
8 4 (0.91%) Italian Language
8 4 (0.91%) Law
8 4 (0.91%) Spanish Language
9 2 (0.46%) Games
9 2 (0.46%) Telecoms
10 1 (0.23%) Financial Institution
10 1 (0.23%) International Banking
10 1 (0.23%) Legal
Job Titles
1 361 (82.42%) Developer
2 119 (27.17%) JavaScript Developer
3 114 (26.03%) React Developer
4 73 (16.67%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
5 50 (11.42%) Senior Developer
6 45 (10.27%) Full Stack Developer
7 37 (8.45%) Angular Developer
8 35 (7.99%) UI Developer
9 29 (6.62%) Java Developer
10 21 (4.79%) HTML Developer
11 19 (4.34%) .NET Developer
12 14 (3.20%) PHP Developer
13 13 (2.97%) HTML CSS Developer
14 12 (2.74%) C# Developer
14 12 (2.74%) Web Developer
15 10 (2.28%) Architect
15 10 (2.28%) Designer
15 10 (2.28%) Ruby Developer
15 10 (2.28%) Senior React Developer
16 9 (2.05%) Senior Full Stack Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 395 (90.18%) HTML
2 182 (41.55%) React
3 157 (35.84%) HTML5
4 141 (32.19%) AngularJS
5 91 (20.78%) Redux
6 84 (19.18%) Node.js
7 81 (18.49%) CSS3
8 71 (16.21%) Sass
9 60 (13.70%) jQuery
10 58 (13.24%) Twitter Bootstrap
11 51 (11.64%) .NET
12 49 (11.19%) REST
13 33 (7.53%) RESTful
14 32 (7.31%) Spring
15 30 (6.85%) ASP.NET
15 30 (6.85%) Vue.js
16 29 (6.62%) Web Services
17 27 (6.16%) JSON
18 26 (5.94%) XML
19 21 (4.79%) .NET Framework
Miscellaneous
1 51 (11.64%) User Experience
2 24 (5.48%) Greenfield Project
3 18 (4.11%) Mobile App
4 11 (2.51%) Analytical Skills
5 8 (1.83%) Data Protection Act
6 7 (1.60%) Virtual Team
7 5 (1.14%) Enterprise Software
7 5 (1.14%) Fixed Income
7 5 (1.14%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
8 4 (0.91%) Public Cloud
8 4 (0.91%) Self-Motivation
9 3 (0.68%) Derivative
9 3 (0.68%) Graphic Design
9 3 (0.68%) Market Risk
9 3 (0.68%) W3C
10 2 (0.46%) Animation
10 2 (0.46%) Blog
10 2 (0.46%) Client/Server
10 2 (0.46%) Equity Derivative
10 2 (0.46%) Video\Live Streaming
Operating Systems
1 38 (8.68%) Linux
2 19 (4.34%) Unix
3 12 (2.74%) Windows
4 9 (2.05%) Apple iOS
5 6 (1.37%) Android
6 5 (1.14%) Mac OS
7 3 (0.68%) Mac OS X
7 3 (0.68%) Windows 10
8 2 (0.46%) Solaris
8 2 (0.46%) VMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 221 (50.46%) Agile Software Development
2 117 (26.71%) Front End Development
3 102 (23.29%) TDD
4 70 (15.98%) MVC
5 64 (14.61%) Web Development
6 63 (14.38%) Software Engineering
7 42 (9.59%) BDD
7 42 (9.59%) Scrum
8 40 (9.13%) Continuous Integration
9 39 (8.90%) DevOps
9 39 (8.90%) Microservices
10 38 (8.68%) SDLC
11 30 (6.85%) Test Automation
12 27 (6.16%) E-Commerce
13 24 (5.48%) OO
14 22 (5.02%) Responsive Web Design
15 21 (4.79%) Problem-Solving
16 19 (4.34%) Unit Testing
17 18 (4.11%) Fintech
18 17 (3.88%) Kanban
Programming Languages
1 351 (80.14%) JavaScript
2 96 (21.92%) Java
3 65 (14.84%) TypeScript
4 58 (13.24%) ES6
5 57 (13.01%) C#
6 46 (10.50%) SQL
7 40 (9.13%) PHP
8 31 (7.08%) Python
9 18 (4.11%) Ruby
10 17 (3.88%) Java 8
11 10 (2.28%) PowerShell
11 10 (2.28%) Scala
12 9 (2.05%) Go
13 7 (1.60%) Perl
14 3 (0.68%) JSX
14 3 (0.68%) Kotlin
14 3 (0.68%) PHP 7
14 3 (0.68%) T-SQL
15 2 (0.46%) ES7
15 2 (0.46%) Java 9
Qualifications
1 20 (4.57%) Degree
2 15 (3.42%) Computer Science Degree
2 15 (3.42%) Security Cleared
3 14 (3.20%) SC Cleared
4 3 (0.68%) BPSS Clearance
4 3 (0.68%) Master's Degree
5 1 (0.23%) CCIE
5 1 (0.23%) CCNP
5 1 (0.23%) Cisco Certification
5 1 (0.23%) ITIL Certification
5 1 (0.23%) PMI Certification
5 1 (0.23%) PMP
5 1 (0.23%) PRINCE2 Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 22 (5.02%) QA
2 1 (0.23%) PCI DSS
2 1 (0.23%) WCAG
System Software
1 41 (9.36%) Docker
2 1 (0.23%) Virtual Machines
2 1 (0.23%) zsh
Systems Management
1 14 (3.20%) Kubernetes
2 10 (2.28%) Terraform
3 9 (2.05%) Ansible
4 6 (1.37%) Docker Swarm
5 2 (0.46%) Single Sign-On
6 1 (0.23%) MIIS
6 1 (0.23%) Opscode Chef
6 1 (0.23%) Puppet
Vendors
1 22 (5.02%) Adobe
2 20 (4.57%) Microsoft
3 19 (4.34%) Oracle
4 13 (2.97%) Google
5 11 (2.51%) Atlassian
6 5 (1.14%) Perforce
7 4 (0.91%) MuleSoft
7 4 (0.91%) Salesforce.com
7 4 (0.91%) Sitecore
8 3 (0.68%) IBM
8 3 (0.68%) Sonatype
9 2 (0.46%) Cypress Semiconductor
9 2 (0.46%) ESRI
9 2 (0.46%) New Relic
9 2 (0.46%) Splunk
9 2 (0.46%) Sybase
9 2 (0.46%) Twitter
9 2 (0.46%) Zend
10 1 (0.23%) ServiceNow
10 1 (0.23%) Xamarin