Period
to 20 January 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for CSS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited CSS over the 6 months to 20 January 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

CSS (Cascading Style Sheets)
Central London > City of London
6 months to
20 Jan 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 25 28 22
Rank change year-on-year +3 -6 -8
Contract jobs citing CSS 313 427 512
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 6.34% 6.38% 7.27%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 18.56% 16.24% 19.01%
Number of daily rates quoted 251 355 442
City of London median daily rate £525 £500 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% +5.56%
10th Percentile £356 £319 £313
90th Percentile £650 £650 £611
Central London median daily rate £500 £500 £475
% change year-on-year - +5.26% +7.95%
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 2 1
City of London median hourly rate - £16.50 £27.09
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - -39.09% -
Central London median hourly rate - £16.50 £27.09
% change year-on-year - -39.09% -

CSS is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
City of London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 1,686 2,630 2,693
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 34.15% 39.28% 38.22%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,373 2,190 2,296
City of London median daily rate £530 £525 £513
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +0.95% +2.44% +7.89%
10th Percentile £400 £409 £363
90th Percentile £675 £663 £663
Central London median daily rate £525 £525 £500
% change year-on-year - +5.00% +5.26%
Number of hourly rates quoted 4 3 6
City of London median hourly rate £38.50 £19.00 £27.55
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +102.63% -31.02% -47.15%
10th Percentile £24.50 £14.90 £21.00
90th Percentile £62.15 £84.50 £57.88
Central London median hourly rate £35.00 £27.00 £27.09
% change year-on-year +29.63% -0.33% -48.03%

CSS
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing CSS as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for CSS in the City of London

CSS
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing CSS in the City of London.

Contractor daily rate trend for CSS in the City of London

CSS
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing CSS in the City of London over the 6 months to 20 January 2020.

Contractor daily rate histogram for CSS in the City of London

CSS
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS in the City of London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for CSS in the City of London

CSS
Contract Job Locations in the City of London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS within the City of London region over the 6 months to 20 January 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Moorgate +8 14 £500 -
London Bridge +33 3 £525 +5.00%
CSS
Central London

For the 6 months to 20 January 2020, IT contractor jobs citing CSS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for CSS.

1 286 (91.37%) HTML
2 235 (75.08%) JavaScript
3 138 (44.09%) Agile Software Development
4 125 (39.94%) AngularJS
5 99 (31.63%) React
6 92 (29.39%) Front End Development
7 89 (28.43%) HTML5
8 65 (20.77%) Finance
9 64 (20.45%) Java
10 63 (20.13%) TDD
11 60 (19.17%) Git (software)
12 55 (17.57%) CSS3
12 55 (17.57%) C#
13 53 (16.93%) TypeScript
14 52 (16.61%) User Experience
15 51 (16.29%) .NET
16 43 (13.74%) Azure
17 42 (13.42%) Node.js
17 42 (13.42%) SQL
17 42 (13.42%) Continuous Integration
18 40 (12.78%) Redux
19 38 (12.14%) Sass
20 37 (11.82%) Test Automation
21 36 (11.50%) Web Development
22 35 (11.18%) Web Services
22 35 (11.18%) CMS
23 34 (10.86%) Scrum
23 34 (10.86%) SQL Server
23 34 (10.86%) RESTful
24 33 (10.54%) AWS

CSS
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 35 (11.18%) CMS
2 13 (4.15%) Confluence
3 12 (3.83%) SharePoint
4 10 (3.19%) WordPress
5 8 (2.56%) IIS
6 7 (2.24%) Adobe Experience Manager
6 7 (2.24%) Umbraco
7 6 (1.92%) Drupal
7 6 (1.92%) WebLogic
8 5 (1.60%) Apache
8 5 (1.60%) Elasticsearch
8 5 (1.60%) SharePoint 2013
8 5 (1.60%) Sitecore CMS
8 5 (1.60%) WebSphere
9 3 (0.96%) JBoss
10 2 (0.64%) FileNet
10 2 (0.64%) Liferay
11 1 (0.32%) Apache Solr
11 1 (0.32%) Magnolia
11 1 (0.32%) Oracle SOA Suite
Applications
1 9 (2.88%) Photoshop
2 8 (2.56%) Microsoft Excel
3 7 (2.24%) Sketch
4 5 (1.60%) Adobe Illustrator
4 5 (1.60%) InVision
5 4 (1.28%) Adobe XD
5 4 (1.28%) Zeplin
6 3 (0.96%) Adobe Creative Suite
6 3 (0.96%) Microsoft Office
7 2 (0.64%) InDesign
7 2 (0.64%) Lectora
7 2 (0.64%) Microsoft PowerPoint
Business Applications
1 8 (2.56%) Dynamics CRM
2 5 (1.60%) Magento
3 1 (0.32%) SDL Web 8
Cloud Services
1 43 (13.74%) Azure
2 33 (10.54%) AWS
3 24 (7.67%) GitHub
4 15 (4.79%) npm
5 10 (3.19%) GCP
6 7 (2.24%) Office 365
7 6 (1.92%) Cloud Computing
7 6 (1.92%) PaaS
8 4 (1.28%) Serverless
9 3 (0.96%) SaaS
10 2 (0.64%) Amazon SQS
10 2 (0.64%) Dynamics 365
10 2 (0.64%) Yarn
11 1 (0.32%) Amazon S3
11 1 (0.32%) AWS CloudFormation
11 1 (0.32%) AWS Lambda
11 1 (0.32%) Azure Functions
11 1 (0.32%) Datadog
11 1 (0.32%) Fastly
11 1 (0.32%) Heroku
Communications & Networking
1 12 (3.83%) HTTP
2 4 (1.28%) FTP
3 3 (0.96%) DNS
3 3 (0.96%) Intranet
3 3 (0.96%) SSL
3 3 (0.96%) TCP/IP
4 1 (0.32%) AMQP
4 1 (0.32%) Firewall
4 1 (0.32%) Internet
4 1 (0.32%) SMTP
4 1 (0.32%) SSH
Database & Business Intelligence
1 34 (10.86%) SQL Server
2 16 (5.11%) MySQL
2 16 (5.11%) Relational Database
3 14 (4.47%) PostgreSQL
4 10 (3.19%) MongoDB
5 9 (2.88%) NoSQL
6 5 (1.60%) HBase
6 5 (1.60%) Jackrabbit
6 5 (1.60%) RDBMS
7 4 (1.28%) Apache Cassandra
8 2 (0.64%) Amazon DynamoDB
8 2 (0.64%) DB2
8 2 (0.64%) SQL Server 2008
9 1 (0.32%) Couchbase
9 1 (0.32%) QlikView
9 1 (0.32%) Redis
9 1 (0.32%) SQL Server 2005
9 1 (0.32%) SQL Server 2012
9 1 (0.32%) SQL Server Integration Services
9 1 (0.32%) SQL Server Reporting Services
Development Applications
1 60 (19.17%) Git (software)
2 27 (8.63%) gulp
2 27 (8.63%) JIRA
3 22 (7.03%) Jenkins
4 19 (6.07%) Visual Studio
5 18 (5.75%) webpack
6 15 (4.79%) Grunt
6 15 (4.79%) TeamCity
7 13 (4.15%) Octopus Deploy
8 9 (2.88%) Gradle
8 9 (2.88%) Team Foundation Server
9 8 (2.56%) Babel
10 7 (2.24%) git-flow
10 7 (2.24%) GitLab
11 6 (1.92%) Maven
11 6 (1.92%) Mocha
11 6 (1.92%) Travis CI
12 5 (1.60%) Ant
12 5 (1.60%) JUnit
12 5 (1.60%) Selenium
General
1 65 (20.77%) Finance
2 24 (7.67%) Banking
3 21 (6.71%) Marketing
4 15 (4.79%) Front Office
5 14 (4.47%) Investment Banking
6 7 (2.24%) Games
7 6 (1.92%) Retail
8 5 (1.60%) Advertising
8 5 (1.60%) Law
8 5 (1.60%) Public Sector
9 4 (1.28%) Telecoms
10 3 (0.96%) Automotive
10 3 (0.96%) Police
11 2 (0.64%) Housing Association
11 2 (0.64%) Publishing
12 1 (0.32%) Electronics
12 1 (0.32%) Legal
12 1 (0.32%) Manufacturing
Job Titles
1 271 (86.58%) Developer
2 61 (19.49%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 47 (15.02%) React Developer
4 41 (13.10%) Full Stack Developer
5 38 (12.14%) JavaScript Developer
6 34 (10.86%) Angular Developer
7 32 (10.22%) Senior Developer
8 26 (8.31%) C# Developer
8 26 (8.31%) Java Developer
9 21 (6.71%) .NET Developer
10 18 (5.75%) UI Developer
11 16 (5.11%) C# .NET Developer
11 16 (5.11%) HTML Developer
12 14 (4.47%) HTML CSS Developer
13 13 (4.15%) Designer
13 13 (4.15%) UX Designer
14 10 (3.19%) PHP Developer
14 10 (3.19%) Ruby on Rails Developer
14 10 (3.19%) Web Developer
15 9 (2.88%) Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 286 (91.37%) HTML
2 125 (39.94%) AngularJS
3 99 (31.63%) React
4 89 (28.43%) HTML5
5 55 (17.57%) CSS3
6 51 (16.29%) .NET
7 42 (13.42%) Node.js
8 40 (12.78%) Redux
9 38 (12.14%) Sass
10 35 (11.18%) Web Services
11 34 (10.86%) RESTful
12 30 (9.58%) jQuery
13 27 (8.63%) REST
14 26 (8.31%) Spring
15 24 (7.67%) ASP.NET
15 24 (7.67%) JSON
15 24 (7.67%) Twitter Bootstrap
16 23 (7.35%) XML
17 19 (6.07%) Jest
18 16 (5.11%) SOAP
Miscellaneous
1 52 (16.61%) User Experience
2 17 (5.43%) Greenfield Project
3 15 (4.79%) Mobile App
4 13 (4.15%) Analytical Skills
4 13 (4.15%) Enterprise Software
5 8 (2.56%) W3C
6 7 (2.24%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
7 6 (1.92%) Self-Motivation
8 5 (1.60%) Data Structures
8 5 (1.60%) Management Information System
8 5 (1.60%) Mobile Payment
9 4 (1.28%) Hedge funds
10 3 (0.96%) Animation
10 3 (0.96%) BYOD
10 3 (0.96%) Learning Management System
10 3 (0.96%) Virtual Team
11 2 (0.64%) e-Learning
11 2 (0.64%) Media Streaming
11 2 (0.64%) N-Tier
11 2 (0.64%) Photography
Operating Systems
1 15 (4.79%) Linux
2 8 (2.56%) Windows
3 4 (1.28%) Unix
4 3 (0.96%) Android
4 3 (0.96%) Apple iOS
5 2 (0.64%) Windows 10
Processes & Methodologies
1 138 (44.09%) Agile Software Development
2 92 (29.39%) Front End Development
3 63 (20.13%) TDD
4 42 (13.42%) Continuous Integration
5 37 (11.82%) Test Automation
6 36 (11.50%) Web Development
7 34 (10.86%) Scrum
8 33 (10.54%) MVC
9 30 (9.58%) DevOps
10 27 (8.63%) BDD
10 27 (8.63%) Microservices
11 26 (8.31%) Software Engineering
12 24 (7.67%) E-Commerce
13 21 (6.71%) Computer Science
14 20 (6.39%) SDLC
15 17 (5.43%) Content Management
16 16 (5.11%) CRM
16 16 (5.11%) Responsive Web Design
16 16 (5.11%) Web Application Development
17 15 (4.79%) Kanban
Programming Languages
1 235 (75.08%) JavaScript
2 64 (20.45%) Java
3 55 (17.57%) C#
4 53 (16.93%) TypeScript
5 42 (13.42%) SQL
6 24 (7.67%) ES6
7 22 (7.03%) Python
8 20 (6.39%) PHP
9 14 (4.47%) Ruby
10 12 (3.83%) PowerShell
11 9 (2.88%) Java 8
12 8 (2.56%) Kotlin
13 7 (2.24%) Scala
14 6 (1.92%) VBA
15 5 (1.60%) ES7
15 5 (1.60%) PL/SQL
16 4 (1.28%) Go
17 2 (0.64%) Perl
17 2 (0.64%) PHP 7
17 2 (0.64%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 22 (7.03%) Degree
2 13 (4.15%) Computer Science Degree
3 9 (2.88%) Security Cleared
4 7 (2.24%) Master's Degree
5 6 (1.92%) SC Cleared
6 3 (0.96%) BC Cleared
7 1 (0.32%) BPSS Clearance
7 1 (0.32%) CTC Cleared
7 1 (0.32%) DV Cleared
7 1 (0.32%) PMI Certification
7 1 (0.32%) PMP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 26 (8.31%) QA
2 11 (3.51%) WCAG
3 1 (0.32%) Data Quality
3 1 (0.32%) PMO
3 1 (0.32%) SLA
System Software
1 23 (7.35%) Docker
2 5 (1.60%) Virtual Machines
3 2 (0.64%) Active Directory
Systems Management
1 11 (3.51%) Kubernetes
2 6 (1.92%) Terraform
3 3 (0.96%) Ansible
3 3 (0.96%) Docker Swarm
4 1 (0.32%) Kibana
4 1 (0.32%) MIIS
Vendors
1 24 (7.67%) Microsoft
2 14 (4.47%) Adobe
3 10 (3.19%) Oracle
4 9 (2.88%) Sitecore
5 8 (2.56%) Google
6 6 (1.92%) Atlassian
6 6 (1.92%) Vermilion
7 4 (1.28%) New Relic
7 4 (1.28%) ServiceNow
8 3 (0.96%) Perforce
9 2 (0.64%) Apple
9 2 (0.64%) IBM
10 1 (0.32%) Bloomberg
10 1 (0.32%) ESRI
10 1 (0.32%) HubSpot
10 1 (0.32%) Informatica
10 1 (0.32%) Nintex
10 1 (0.32%) SAP
10 1 (0.32%) Sony
10 1 (0.32%) Splunk