Period
to

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for CSS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited CSS over the 6 months to 29 June 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

CSS (Cascading Style Sheets)
Central London > City of London
6 months to
29 Jun 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 59 54 42
Rank change year-on-year -5 -12 -11
Contract jobs citing CSS 159 131 140
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the City of London 3.69% 4.19% 5.15%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 12.06% 12.50% 15.25%
Number of daily rates quoted 122 100 105
10th Percentile £413 £363 £310
25th Percentile £450 £415 £425
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £533 £475 £515
Median % change year-on-year +12.11% -7.77% +3.00%
75th Percentile £638 £550 £625
90th Percentile £713 £613 £831
Central London median daily rate £525 £500 £505
% change year-on-year +5.00% -0.99% +1.00%
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 2 1
10th Percentile - - -
25th Percentile - £35.25 £23.50
Median hourly rate - £36.50 £24.00
Median % change year-on-year - +52.08% -
75th Percentile - £37.75 £24.50
90th Percentile - - -
Central London median hourly rate - £36.50 £24.00
% change year-on-year - +52.08% -

CSS is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
City of London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 1,318 1,048 918
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 30.59% 33.54% 33.74%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,035 799 709
10th Percentile £425 £395 £377
25th Percentile £500 £463 £450
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £600 £575 £525
Median % change year-on-year +4.35% +9.52% -
75th Percentile £713 £644 £625
90th Percentile £800 £719 £688
Central London median daily rate £600 £574 £525
% change year-on-year +4.58% +9.29% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 3 7 5
10th Percentile £42.25 £15.75 £27.20
25th Percentile £43.75 £16.88 £32.75
Median hourly rate £47.50 £25.50 £46.50
Median % change year-on-year +86.27% -45.16% +21.18%
75th Percentile £62.88 £36.38 £57.50
90th Percentile £71.35 £37.75 £59.75
Central London median hourly rate £47.50 £25.50 £46.50
% change year-on-year +86.27% -45.16% +11.39%

CSS
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing CSS as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for CSS in the City of London

CSS
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing CSS in the City of London.

Daily rate trend for CSS in the City of London

CSS
Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing CSS in the City of London over the 6 months to 29 June 2022.

Daily rate histogram for CSS in the City of London

CSS
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing CSS in the City of London.

Hourly rate trend for CSS in the City of London

For the 6 months to 29 June 2022, IT contractor jobs citing CSS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for CSS.

1 151 (94.97%) HTML
2 129 (81.13%) JavaScript
3 73 (45.91%) Agile
4 69 (43.40%) React
5 63 (39.62%) HTML5
6 49 (30.82%) AngularJS
7 46 (28.93%) Finance
7 46 (28.93%) SQL
8 42 (26.42%) CSS3
8 42 (26.42%) TypeScript
9 38 (23.90%) Social Skills
10 37 (23.27%) User Experience
11 36 (22.64%) Front End Development
11 36 (22.64%) Java
12 35 (22.01%) Git (software)
13 34 (21.38%) Python
13 34 (21.38%) REST
14 33 (20.75%) Node.js
14 33 (20.75%) Full Stack Development
14 33 (20.75%) CI/CD
15 32 (20.13%) Azure
16 31 (19.50%) C#
17 29 (18.24%) .NET
18 28 (17.61%) AWS
18 28 (17.61%) Problem-Solving
19 26 (16.35%) Banking
20 25 (15.72%) Web Development
20 25 (15.72%) Sass
21 24 (15.09%) DevOps
21 24 (15.09%) TDD

CSS
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 12 (7.55%) SharePoint
2 11 (6.92%) Confluence
3 6 (3.77%) CMS
4 5 (3.14%) Apache Solr
4 5 (3.14%) Drupal
5 3 (1.89%) Headless CMS
5 3 (1.89%) Tomcat
6 2 (1.26%) Apache
6 2 (1.26%) Cloud Foundry
6 2 (1.26%) IIS
6 2 (1.26%) JBoss
7 1 (0.63%) Alfresco
7 1 (0.63%) BizTalk Server
7 1 (0.63%) SharePoint 2010
7 1 (0.63%) SharePoint 2013
7 1 (0.63%) WordPress
Applications
1 3 (1.89%) Sketch
2 2 (1.26%) Adobe Illustrator
2 2 (1.26%) Adobe XD
3 1 (0.63%) InfoPath
3 1 (0.63%) InVision
Business Applications
1 2 (1.26%) WebTrends
2 1 (0.63%) Oracle Utilities
Cloud Services
1 32 (20.13%) Azure
2 28 (17.61%) AWS
3 13 (8.18%) GitHub
4 10 (6.29%) Azure DevOps
5 9 (5.66%) SaaS
6 7 (4.40%) Microsoft 365
6 7 (4.40%) Power Automate
6 7 (4.40%) Power Platform
6 7 (4.40%) PowerApps
7 6 (3.77%) IaaS
8 5 (3.14%) Google Analytics
9 4 (2.52%) GCP
9 4 (2.52%) Serverless
10 3 (1.89%) Amazon S3
10 3 (1.89%) AWS CloudFormation
10 3 (1.89%) AWS Lambda
10 3 (1.89%) Figma
10 3 (1.89%) PaaS
11 2 (1.26%) Amazon CloudWatch
11 2 (1.26%) Virtual Private Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 5 (3.14%) Internet
2 4 (2.52%) DNS
3 3 (1.89%) HTTP
4 2 (1.26%) HTTPS
4 2 (1.26%) Intranet
4 2 (1.26%) SSL
5 1 (0.63%) Broadband
5 1 (0.63%) LAN
5 1 (0.63%) SSH
5 1 (0.63%) TCP/IP
5 1 (0.63%) VPN
5 1 (0.63%) WAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 21 (13.21%) SQL Server
2 10 (6.29%) PostgreSQL
3 8 (5.03%) NoSQL
4 6 (3.77%) Elasticsearch
4 6 (3.77%) MongoDB
5 5 (3.14%) MySQL
5 5 (3.14%) Relational Database
6 4 (2.52%) DB2
7 3 (1.89%) RDBMS
8 2 (1.26%) Oracle Database
8 2 (1.26%) Redis
9 1 (0.63%) Amazon Aurora
9 1 (0.63%) Data Lake
9 1 (0.63%) Metadata
9 1 (0.63%) MS Access
9 1 (0.63%) Spatial Data
9 1 (0.63%) SQL Server Integration Services
9 1 (0.63%) SQL Server Reporting Services
9 1 (0.63%) SQLPlus
Development Applications
1 35 (22.01%) Git (software)
2 17 (10.69%) JIRA
3 15 (9.43%) webpack
4 14 (8.81%) Jenkins
5 9 (5.66%) Cypress.io
6 8 (5.03%) Maven
7 7 (4.40%) gulp
7 7 (4.40%) Selenium
8 5 (3.14%) Visual Studio
9 4 (2.52%) git-flow
9 4 (2.52%) Jasmine
9 4 (2.52%) Mocha
9 4 (2.52%) TeamCity
10 3 (1.89%) Babel
10 3 (1.89%) Bitbucket
10 3 (1.89%) GitLab
10 3 (1.89%) Gradle
10 3 (1.89%) Grunt
11 2 (1.26%) NeoLoad
11 2 (1.26%) SoapUI
General
1 46 (28.93%) Finance
2 38 (23.90%) Social Skills
3 26 (16.35%) Banking
4 18 (11.32%) Analytical Skills
5 16 (10.06%) Financial Institution
6 15 (9.43%) Legal
7 9 (5.66%) Documentation Skills
7 9 (5.66%) Front Office
8 6 (3.77%) Retail
9 5 (3.14%) Presentation Skills
10 4 (2.52%) Retail Banking
11 3 (1.89%) Investment Banking
12 2 (1.26%) Automotive
12 2 (1.26%) Influencing Skills
12 2 (1.26%) Law
12 2 (1.26%) Marketing
12 2 (1.26%) Tech for Good
13 1 (0.63%) Advertising
13 1 (0.63%) Public Sector
13 1 (0.63%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 128 (80.50%) Developer
2 21 (13.21%) Full Stack Developer
3 19 (11.95%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
4 18 (11.32%) Java Developer
4 18 (11.32%) React Developer
5 17 (10.69%) .NET Developer
6 16 (10.06%) Senior Developer
7 11 (6.92%) Python Developer
8 10 (6.29%) C# Developer
8 10 (6.29%) PHP Developer
9 9 (5.66%) C# .NET Developer
9 9 (5.66%) JavaScript Developer
9 9 (5.66%) Software Developer
10 8 (5.03%) Angular Developer
11 7 (4.40%) SharePoint Developer
11 7 (4.40%) Web Developer
12 6 (3.77%) Designer
12 6 (3.77%) Senior .NET Developer
13 5 (3.14%) Drupal Developer
14 4 (2.52%) PHP Drupal Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 151 (94.97%) HTML
2 69 (43.40%) React
3 63 (39.62%) HTML5
4 49 (30.82%) AngularJS
5 42 (26.42%) CSS3
6 34 (21.38%) REST
7 33 (20.75%) Node.js
8 29 (18.24%) .NET
9 25 (15.72%) Sass
10 21 (13.21%) Redux
11 20 (12.58%) jQuery
12 19 (11.95%) Vue.js
13 18 (11.32%) RESTful
13 18 (11.32%) Spring
14 16 (10.06%) .NET Framework
14 16 (10.06%) Ajax
14 16 (10.06%) JSON
15 15 (9.43%) XML
16 14 (8.81%) ASP.NET
16 14 (8.81%) Web Services
Miscellaneous
1 37 (23.27%) User Experience
2 15 (9.43%) Hedge funds
3 10 (6.29%) Greenfield Project
4 8 (5.03%) Derivative
4 8 (5.03%) Fixed Income
5 6 (3.77%) Self-Motivation
6 4 (2.52%) Data Structures
6 4 (2.52%) Mobile App
7 3 (1.89%) Cloud Native
7 3 (1.89%) Enterprise Software
7 3 (1.89%) Linux Command Line
7 3 (1.89%) Public Cloud
8 2 (1.26%) Analytical Mindset
8 2 (1.26%) Digital Media
8 2 (1.26%) Legacy Systems
8 2 (1.26%) Mainframe
8 2 (1.26%) Motion Graphics
9 1 (0.63%) Credit Risk
9 1 (0.63%) NHS
9 1 (0.63%) W3C
Operating Systems
1 5 (3.14%) Linux
2 3 (1.89%) Unix
2 3 (1.89%) Windows
3 1 (0.63%) Android
3 1 (0.63%) Apple iOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 73 (45.91%) Agile
2 36 (22.64%) Front End Development
3 33 (20.75%) CI/CD
3 33 (20.75%) Full Stack Development
4 28 (17.61%) Problem-Solving
5 25 (15.72%) Web Development
6 24 (15.09%) DevOps
6 24 (15.09%) TDD
7 23 (14.47%) Scrum
8 19 (11.95%) MVC
9 18 (11.32%) Microservices
9 18 (11.32%) Unit Testing
9 18 (11.32%) UX Design
10 17 (10.69%) Data Protection
11 16 (10.06%) Software Engineering
12 15 (9.43%) AOP
12 15 (9.43%) BDD
13 14 (8.81%) Kanban
13 14 (8.81%) Test Automation
14 11 (6.92%) Analytics
Programming Languages
1 129 (81.13%) JavaScript
2 46 (28.93%) SQL
3 42 (26.42%) TypeScript
4 36 (22.64%) Java
5 34 (21.38%) Python
6 31 (19.50%) C#
7 15 (9.43%) ES6
8 13 (8.18%) PHP
9 4 (2.52%) C
9 4 (2.52%) PowerShell
10 3 (1.89%) Bash
10 3 (1.89%) PL/SQL
11 2 (1.26%) C++
11 2 (1.26%) Go
11 2 (1.26%) Kotlin
11 2 (1.26%) Ruby
11 2 (1.26%) Shell Script
12 1 (0.63%) Apex Code
12 1 (0.63%) Apple Swift
12 1 (0.63%) SOQL
Qualifications
1 4 (2.52%) SC Cleared
1 4 (2.52%) Security Cleared
2 2 (1.26%) AWS Certification
2 2 (1.26%) Degree
2 2 (1.26%) ISTQB
3 1 (0.63%) Computer Science Degree
3 1 (0.63%) DV Cleared
3 1 (0.63%) Microsoft Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 17 (10.69%) Accessibility
2 15 (9.43%) GDPR
3 10 (6.29%) QA
4 5 (3.14%) WCAG
System Software
1 21 (13.21%) Docker
2 1 (0.63%) Active Directory
Systems Management
1 13 (8.18%) Kubernetes
2 2 (1.26%) Kibana
2 2 (1.26%) logstash
2 2 (1.26%) Single Sign-On
3 1 (0.63%) Grafana
Vendors
1 19 (11.95%) Oracle
2 12 (7.55%) Microsoft
3 9 (5.66%) Google
4 5 (3.14%) Atlassian
5 4 (2.52%) Sitecore
6 3 (1.89%) ServiceNow
7 2 (1.26%) Adobe
7 2 (1.26%) FatWire
7 2 (1.26%) Salesforce.com
8 1 (0.63%) CA Agile Central
8 1 (0.63%) Gigya
8 1 (0.63%) MuleSoft
8 1 (0.63%) Okta
8 1 (0.63%) Ping Identity
8 1 (0.63%) Salesforce Marketing Cloud
8 1 (0.63%) SAP
8 1 (0.63%) Splunk
8 1 (0.63%) Sybase