Period
to 12 August 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for CSS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited CSS over the 6 months to 12 August 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

CSS (Cascading Style Sheets)
Central London > City of London
6 months to
12 Aug 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 37 26 21
Rank change year-on-year -11 -5 -8
Contract jobs citing CSS 109 436 559
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the City of London 5.03% 6.73% 8.01%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 15.35% 18.29% 20.27%
Number of daily rates quoted 90 370 440
Median daily rate £523 £500 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +4.50% +5.26% -
10th Percentile £363 £363 £313
90th Percentile £722 £625 £638
Central London median daily rate £511 £500 £475
% change year-on-year +2.25% +5.26% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 1 0 1
Median hourly rate £24.00 - £55.00
10th Percentile £23.50 - £47.50
90th Percentile £24.50 - £62.50
Central London median hourly rate £24.00 - £55.00

CSS is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
City of London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 710 2,384 2,758
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 32.78% 36.80% 39.51%
Number of daily rates quoted 518 1,932 2,246
Median daily rate £525 £525 £525
10th Percentile £375 £413 £370
90th Percentile £688 £675 £675
Central London median daily rate £525 £525 £525
Number of hourly rates quoted 9 12 12
Median hourly rate £35.00 £46.85 £22.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -25.29% +112.94% -10.15%
10th Percentile £30.90 £23.28 £21.00
90th Percentile £49.70 £60.33 £60.63
Median hourly rate £35.00 £49.13 £22.00
% change year-on-year -28.76% +123.32% -9.69%

CSS
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing CSS as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for CSS in the City of London

CSS
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing CSS in the City of London.

Daily rate trend for CSS in the City of London

CSS
Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing CSS in the City of London over the 6 months to 12 August 2020.

Daily rate histogram for CSS in the City of London

CSS
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing CSS in the City of London.

Hourly rate trend for CSS in the City of London

CSS
Contract Job Locations in the City of London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS within the City of London region over the 6 months to 12 August 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Moorgate +16 1 £450 -
CSS
Central London

For the 6 months to 12 August 2020, IT contractor jobs citing CSS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for CSS.

1 88 (80.73%) HTML
2 75 (68.81%) JavaScript
3 40 (36.70%) Agile Software Development
3 40 (36.70%) AngularJS
4 36 (33.03%) HTML5
5 34 (31.19%) Finance
6 28 (25.69%) Git (software)
6 28 (25.69%) React
6 28 (25.69%) Front End Development
7 26 (23.85%) TypeScript
8 25 (22.94%) C#
9 24 (22.02%) .NET
9 24 (22.02%) CSS3
9 24 (22.02%) User Experience
10 22 (20.18%) SQL
10 22 (20.18%) TDD
11 21 (19.27%) Node.js
12 20 (18.35%) Continuous Integration
13 19 (17.43%) Azure
13 19 (17.43%) SQL Server
14 18 (16.51%) Java
14 18 (16.51%) DevOps
14 18 (16.51%) Jenkins
14 18 (16.51%) Redux
15 17 (15.60%) Sass
15 17 (15.60%) Docker
15 17 (15.60%) Microservices
15 17 (15.60%) Banking
16 16 (14.68%) Scrum
16 16 (14.68%) AWS

CSS
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 8 (7.34%) Elasticsearch
2 6 (5.50%) Apache Spark
3 5 (4.59%) Confluence
3 5 (4.59%) Tornado
4 3 (2.75%) Apache
4 3 (2.75%) CMS
5 2 (1.83%) Oracle SOA Suite
5 2 (1.83%) SharePoint
5 2 (1.83%) WordPress
6 1 (0.92%) Apache Solr
6 1 (0.92%) Appian
6 1 (0.92%) Drupal
6 1 (0.92%) IIS
6 1 (0.92%) JBoss
6 1 (0.92%) nginx
6 1 (0.92%) Tomcat
Applications
1 5 (4.59%) Microsoft Excel
2 2 (1.83%) Microsoft PowerPoint
2 2 (1.83%) Photoshop
2 2 (1.83%) Sketch
3 1 (0.92%) Camtasia
3 1 (0.92%) InVision
3 1 (0.92%) Zeplin
Business Applications
1 1 (0.92%) Dynamics CRM
Cloud Services
1 19 (17.43%) Azure
2 16 (14.68%) AWS
3 8 (7.34%) GCP
4 5 (4.59%) npm
5 4 (3.67%) GitHub
6 3 (2.75%) Serverless
7 2 (1.83%) Cloud Computing
8 1 (0.92%) Amazon Cognito
8 1 (0.92%) Amazon EC2
8 1 (0.92%) Amazon S3
8 1 (0.92%) BlazeMeter
8 1 (0.92%) Google Analytics
8 1 (0.92%) Power Platform
Communications & Networking
1 1 (0.92%) Internet
1 1 (0.92%) Kerberos
Database & Business Intelligence
1 19 (17.43%) SQL Server
2 8 (7.34%) PostgreSQL
3 6 (5.50%) Big Data
3 6 (5.50%) MySQL
4 5 (4.59%) Apache Hive
4 5 (4.59%) SQL Server Reporting Services
5 4 (3.67%) Data Warehouse
5 4 (3.67%) OLAP
6 3 (2.75%) Relational Database
7 2 (1.83%) MongoDB
7 2 (1.83%) NoSQL
7 2 (1.83%) SQL Server Integration Services
8 1 (0.92%) Crystal Reports
8 1 (0.92%) HBase
8 1 (0.92%) InterSystems Cache
8 1 (0.92%) Power BI
8 1 (0.92%) SQL Server 2008
8 1 (0.92%) SQL Server 2014
8 1 (0.92%) SQL Server Analysis Services
8 1 (0.92%) Sybase ASE
Development Applications
1 28 (25.69%) Git (software)
2 18 (16.51%) Jenkins
3 7 (6.42%) Jasmine
3 7 (6.42%) JIRA
4 6 (5.50%) Cypress.io
5 5 (4.59%) git-flow
5 5 (4.59%) GitLab
5 5 (4.59%) Hudson
5 5 (4.59%) ProC
6 4 (3.67%) Protractor
7 3 (2.75%) Android Studio
7 3 (2.75%) gulp
7 3 (2.75%) JUnit
7 3 (2.75%) Mocha
7 3 (2.75%) Subversion
7 3 (2.75%) Team Foundation Server
8 2 (1.83%) Axure RP
8 2 (1.83%) Maven
8 2 (1.83%) Selenium
8 2 (1.83%) Visual Studio
General
1 34 (31.19%) Finance
2 17 (15.60%) Banking
3 12 (11.01%) Front Office
4 7 (6.42%) Marketing
5 5 (4.59%) Public Sector
6 4 (3.67%) International Banking
6 4 (3.67%) Investment Banking
7 3 (2.75%) Law
8 2 (1.83%) Publishing
9 1 (0.92%) Back Office
9 1 (0.92%) French Language
9 1 (0.92%) Local Government
9 1 (0.92%) Retail
Job Titles
1 85 (77.98%) Developer
2 20 (18.35%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 16 (14.68%) C# Developer
4 15 (13.76%) React Developer
5 11 (10.09%) JavaScript Developer
6 7 (6.42%) Angular Developer
6 7 (6.42%) Backend Developer
7 6 (5.50%) .NET Developer
7 6 (5.50%) Full Stack Developer
7 6 (5.50%) Senior Developer
8 5 (4.59%) C# .NET Developer
8 5 (4.59%) Data Engineer
8 5 (4.59%) PHP Developer
9 4 (3.67%) Designer
9 4 (3.67%) HTML Developer
9 4 (3.67%) Java Developer
9 4 (3.67%) Senior React Developer
9 4 (3.67%) SQL Developer
10 3 (2.75%) Ruby on Rails Developer
10 3 (2.75%) UX Designer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 88 (80.73%) HTML
2 40 (36.70%) AngularJS
3 36 (33.03%) HTML5
4 28 (25.69%) React
5 24 (22.02%) .NET
5 24 (22.02%) CSS3
6 21 (19.27%) Node.js
7 18 (16.51%) Redux
8 17 (15.60%) Sass
9 16 (14.68%) jQuery
10 15 (13.76%) REST
11 14 (12.84%) Web Services
12 11 (10.09%) WCF
13 10 (9.17%) Vue.js
14 9 (8.26%) ASP.NET
14 9 (8.26%) RESTful
15 8 (7.34%) Jest
16 7 (6.42%) LESS
16 7 (6.42%) RxJS
16 7 (6.42%) Twitter Bootstrap
Miscellaneous
1 24 (22.02%) User Experience
2 6 (5.50%) Analytical Skills
3 4 (3.67%) Mobile App
4 3 (2.75%) Credit Risk
4 3 (2.75%) Fixed Income
4 3 (2.75%) Mobile Payment
4 3 (2.75%) Self-Motivation
5 2 (1.83%) Data Structures
5 2 (1.83%) Derivative
5 2 (1.83%) Greenfield Project
5 2 (1.83%) Public Cloud
5 2 (1.83%) W3C
6 1 (0.92%) Algorithms
6 1 (0.92%) Blog
6 1 (0.92%) Data Centre
6 1 (0.92%) Digital Media
6 1 (0.92%) Enterprise Software
6 1 (0.92%) Learning Management System
6 1 (0.92%) Management Information System
6 1 (0.92%) Video on Demand
Operating Systems
1 6 (5.50%) Linux
2 4 (3.67%) Android
2 4 (3.67%) Unix
3 3 (2.75%) Windows
4 2 (1.83%) Mac OS X
5 1 (0.92%) Apple iOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 40 (36.70%) Agile Software Development
2 28 (25.69%) Front End Development
3 22 (20.18%) TDD
4 20 (18.35%) Continuous Integration
5 18 (16.51%) DevOps
6 17 (15.60%) Microservices
7 16 (14.68%) Scrum
8 15 (13.76%) Test Automation
9 12 (11.01%) BDD
9 12 (11.01%) Computer Science
9 12 (11.01%) Web Development
10 11 (10.09%) Problem-Solving
10 11 (10.09%) SDLC
11 10 (9.17%) Software Engineering
12 9 (8.26%) MVC
12 9 (8.26%) Performance Tuning
13 8 (7.34%) Continuous Deployment
13 8 (7.34%) Continuous Improvement
14 6 (5.50%) Open Source
14 6 (5.50%) Waterfall
Programming Languages
1 75 (68.81%) JavaScript
2 26 (23.85%) TypeScript
3 25 (22.94%) C#
4 22 (20.18%) SQL
5 18 (16.51%) Java
6 14 (12.84%) PHP
7 13 (11.93%) Python
8 8 (7.34%) ES6
9 7 (6.42%) Scala
9 7 (6.42%) VBA
10 4 (3.67%) ES7
10 4 (3.67%) Kotlin
10 4 (3.67%) Ruby
11 3 (2.75%) C++
11 3 (2.75%) T-SQL
12 2 (1.83%) Bash Shell
12 2 (1.83%) C
13 1 (0.92%) Go
13 1 (0.92%) VB
13 1 (0.92%) XPath
Qualifications
1 13 (11.93%) Degree
2 4 (3.67%) Computer Science Degree
2 4 (3.67%) Security Cleared
3 2 (1.83%) SC Cleared
4 1 (0.92%) BPSS Clearance
4 1 (0.92%) DBS Check
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 7 (6.42%) QA
2 5 (4.59%) WCAG
3 1 (0.92%) Disclosure Scotland
3 1 (0.92%) SLA
System Software
1 17 (15.60%) Docker
2 1 (0.92%) Active Directory
Systems Management
1 8 (7.34%) Ansible
2 3 (2.75%) Kubernetes
3 2 (1.83%) Kibana
3 2 (1.83%) Terraform
4 1 (0.92%) logstash
4 1 (0.92%) Opscode Chef
4 1 (0.92%) Puppet
Vendors
1 9 (8.26%) Google
2 5 (4.59%) Cloudera
2 5 (4.59%) Hortonworks
2 5 (4.59%) Microsoft
2 5 (4.59%) Oracle
3 4 (3.67%) Cognos
4 3 (2.75%) ServiceNow
5 2 (1.83%) Salesforce Marketing Cloud
5 2 (1.83%) Salesforce.com
6 1 (0.92%) Adobe
6 1 (0.92%) Nintex
6 1 (0.92%) SaltStack
6 1 (0.92%) SumTotal
6 1 (0.92%) Sybase