Period
to 23 May 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for CSS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited CSS over the 6 months to 23 May 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

CSS (Cascading Style Sheets)
Central London > City of London
6 months to
23 May 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 19 17 21
Rank change year-on-year -2 +4 +2
Contract jobs citing CSS 558 522 512
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 8.05% 8.50% 7.93%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 20.90% 23.16% 23.95%
Number of daily rates quoted 451 453 449
City of London median daily rate £475 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +9.68%
10th Percentile £319 £313 £275
90th Percentile £625 £600 £575
Central London median daily rate £475 £450 £425
% change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +9.68%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1 1 2
City of London median hourly rate £55.00 £35.00 £55.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +57.14% -36.36% +154.45%
10th Percentile £47.50 £32.50 £50.00
90th Percentile £62.50 £37.50 £60.00
Central London median hourly rate £55.00 £35.00 £55.00
% change year-on-year +57.14% -36.36% +126.99%

CSS is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
City of London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 2,670 2,254 2,138
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 38.53% 36.69% 33.13%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,198 1,860 1,806
City of London median daily rate £525 £500 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% +5.56%
10th Percentile £363 £331 £313
90th Percentile £663 £644 £638
Central London median daily rate £505 £475 £450
% change year-on-year +6.32% +5.56% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 14 5 5
City of London median hourly rate £21.75 £24.86 £43.57
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -12.51% -42.94% +79.82%
10th Percentile £21.08 £23.98 £17.09
90th Percentile £58.23 £33.73 £60.00
Central London median hourly rate £22.00 £24.86 £43.57
% change year-on-year -11.50% -42.94% +59.19%

CSS
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing CSS as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for CSS in the City of London

CSS
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing CSS in the City of London.

Contractor daily rate trend for CSS in the City of London

CSS
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing CSS in the City of London over the 6 months to 23 May 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for CSS in the City of London

CSS
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS in the City of London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for CSS in the City of London

CSS
Contract Job Locations in the City of London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS within the City of London region over the 6 months to 23 May 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Moorgate -6 5 £400 -
London Bridge -11 4 £425 +21.43%
CSS
Central London

For the 6 months to 23 May 2018, IT contractor jobs citing CSS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for CSS.

1 508 (91.04%) HTML
2 460 (82.44%) JavaScript
3 263 (47.13%) HTML5
4 215 (38.53%) AngularJS
5 213 (38.17%) Agile Software Development
6 196 (35.13%) CSS3
7 195 (34.95%) React
8 154 (27.60%) TDD
9 150 (26.88%) Front End Development
10 144 (25.81%) Git (software)
11 136 (24.37%) Node.js
12 118 (21.15%) Java
13 112 (20.07%) Finance
14 111 (19.89%) User Experience
15 101 (18.10%) .NET
16 92 (16.49%) C#
17 90 (16.13%) jQuery
17 90 (16.13%) ES6
18 89 (15.95%) MVC
19 88 (15.77%) Web Development
20 85 (15.23%) RESTful
21 84 (15.05%) BDD
22 81 (14.52%) Sass
23 79 (14.16%) Amazon AWS
23 79 (14.16%) Docker
24 78 (13.98%) Redux
25 71 (12.72%) gulp
25 71 (12.72%) Twitter Bootstrap
26 65 (11.65%) TypeScript
27 64 (11.47%) REST

CSS
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 20 (3.58%) CMS
2 15 (2.69%) Elasticsearch
3 12 (2.15%) Apache
3 12 (2.15%) WordPress
4 10 (1.79%) SharePoint
5 9 (1.61%) Sitecore CMS
6 8 (1.43%) Apache Spark
6 8 (1.43%) Drupal
6 8 (1.43%) Umbraco
7 7 (1.25%) Adobe Experience Manager
8 5 (0.90%) Apache Solr
8 5 (0.90%) Confluence
8 5 (0.90%) Tomcat
9 4 (0.72%) WebSphere
10 3 (0.54%) SharePoint 2013
11 2 (0.36%) IBM Domino
11 2 (0.36%) IIS
11 2 (0.36%) OpenStack
11 2 (0.36%) SharePoint 2010
12 1 (0.18%) WebLogic
Applications
1 20 (3.58%) Adobe Creative Suite
1 20 (3.58%) OmniGraffle
2 13 (2.33%) InVision
3 7 (1.25%) Flinto
4 6 (1.08%) Photoshop
5 5 (0.90%) Microsoft Excel
6 4 (0.72%) Adobe Illustrator
7 3 (0.54%) UXPin
8 2 (0.36%) MS Visio
9 1 (0.18%) Chatbot
9 1 (0.18%) InDesign
9 1 (0.18%) InfoPath
9 1 (0.18%) Microsoft Office
9 1 (0.18%) Microsoft Project
9 1 (0.18%) Moqups
9 1 (0.18%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 5 (0.90%) Magento
2 1 (0.18%) Adobe Campaign
2 1 (0.18%) Distributed Ledger
2 1 (0.18%) Dynamics CRM
2 1 (0.18%) Endur
2 1 (0.18%) Payment Gateway
2 1 (0.18%) SAP Oil and Gas
2 1 (0.18%) SDL Web 8
Cloud Services
1 79 (14.16%) Amazon AWS
2 44 (7.89%) Microsoft Azure
3 29 (5.20%) Heroku
4 20 (3.58%) npm
5 10 (1.79%) Serverless
6 9 (1.61%) GitHub
7 5 (0.90%) Amazon S3
7 5 (0.90%) Cloud Computing
8 4 (0.72%) Adobe Creative Cloud
8 4 (0.72%) Amazon SQS
8 4 (0.72%) SaaS
9 3 (0.54%) Amazon EC2
9 3 (0.54%) Google Analytics
9 3 (0.54%) IaaS
9 3 (0.54%) Office 365
10 2 (0.36%) Adobe Analytics
10 2 (0.36%) Amazon CloudWatch
10 2 (0.36%) Amazon EMR
10 2 (0.36%) Route 53
10 2 (0.36%) Salesforce Service Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 46 (8.24%) HTTP
2 28 (5.02%) DNS
2 28 (5.02%) FTP
2 28 (5.02%) SSL
2 28 (5.02%) TCP/IP
3 8 (1.43%) Intranet
4 6 (1.08%) Internet
5 3 (0.54%) HTTPS
5 3 (0.54%) SMS
6 1 (0.18%) Firewall
6 1 (0.18%) Intrusion Detection
6 1 (0.18%) Network Security
Database & Business Intelligence
1 53 (9.50%) MySQL
2 49 (8.78%) PostgreSQL
3 46 (8.24%) MongoDB
4 44 (7.89%) SQL Server
5 25 (4.48%) Relational Database
6 24 (4.30%) NoSQL
7 16 (2.87%) Redis
8 11 (1.97%) SQL Server Integration Services
8 11 (1.97%) SQL Server Reporting Services
9 9 (1.61%) SQL Server Analysis Services
10 8 (1.43%) Amazon DynamoDB
10 8 (1.43%) InterSystems Cache
10 8 (1.43%) SQL Server 2012
11 5 (0.90%) SQL Server 2016
12 4 (0.72%) Big Data
13 3 (0.54%) Cosmos DB
13 3 (0.54%) Data Mining
13 3 (0.54%) DB2
13 3 (0.54%) SQL Server 2008
13 3 (0.54%) SQL Server 2014
Development Applications
1 144 (25.81%) Git (software)
2 71 (12.72%) gulp
3 55 (9.86%) webpack
4 41 (7.35%) Selenium
5 36 (6.45%) Jasmine
6 29 (5.20%) GitLab
7 28 (5.02%) Grunt
8 27 (4.84%) Axure RP
8 27 (4.84%) Jenkins
9 25 (4.48%) Gradle
10 21 (3.76%) Babel
10 21 (3.76%) Spock
11 20 (3.58%) Gatling
11 20 (3.58%) Geb
12 19 (3.41%) Balsamiq Mockups
13 18 (3.23%) JIRA
14 17 (3.05%) Cucumber
15 13 (2.33%) JUnit
16 12 (2.15%) Mocha
17 10 (1.79%) WebDriver
General
1 112 (20.07%) Finance
2 60 (10.75%) Banking
3 36 (6.45%) Retail
4 30 (5.38%) Marketing
5 27 (4.84%) Investment Banking
6 11 (1.97%) Law
7 10 (1.79%) Advertising
8 4 (0.72%) Financial Institution
8 4 (0.72%) Games
8 4 (0.72%) Publishing
9 3 (0.54%) Retail Banking
10 2 (0.36%) Digital Economy
10 2 (0.36%) Front Office
10 2 (0.36%) Telecoms
11 1 (0.18%) Back Office
11 1 (0.18%) Interactive Media
11 1 (0.18%) Russian Language
Job Titles
1 470 (84.23%) Developer
2 122 (21.86%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 87 (15.59%) JavaScript Developer
4 62 (11.11%) React Developer
5 56 (10.04%) Angular Developer
6 52 (9.32%) .NET Developer
6 52 (9.32%) Java Developer
7 51 (9.14%) Full Stack Developer
8 49 (8.78%) HTML Developer
9 39 (6.99%) HTML CSS Developer
10 38 (6.81%) C# Developer
10 38 (6.81%) Senior Developer
11 35 (6.27%) PHP Developer
12 34 (6.09%) UI Developer
13 29 (5.20%) Designer
13 29 (5.20%) Web Developer
14 27 (4.84%) C# .NET Developer
15 24 (4.30%) Agile Developer
15 24 (4.30%) UX Designer
16 20 (3.58%) Agile Java Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 508 (91.04%) HTML
2 263 (47.13%) HTML5
3 215 (38.53%) AngularJS
4 196 (35.13%) CSS3
5 195 (34.95%) React
6 136 (24.37%) Node.js
7 101 (18.10%) .NET
8 90 (16.13%) jQuery
9 85 (15.23%) RESTful
10 81 (14.52%) Sass
11 78 (13.98%) Redux
12 71 (12.72%) Twitter Bootstrap
13 64 (11.47%) REST
14 62 (11.11%) Web Services
15 52 (9.32%) SOAP
16 51 (9.14%) ASP.NET
17 46 (8.24%) Spring
18 39 (6.99%) LESS
19 35 (6.27%) OAuth
19 35 (6.27%) OAuth2
Miscellaneous
1 111 (19.89%) User Experience
2 52 (9.32%) Greenfield Project
3 38 (6.81%) Mobile App
4 31 (5.56%) Fintech
5 11 (1.97%) Self-Motivation
6 10 (1.79%) Analytical Skills
6 10 (1.79%) Linux Command Line
7 9 (1.61%) Credit Risk
8 8 (1.43%) Fixed Income
9 7 (1.25%) Virtual Team
10 6 (1.08%) Computer Science
10 6 (1.08%) Data Structures
10 6 (1.08%) Enterprise Software
10 6 (1.08%) Management Information System
11 5 (0.90%) Equities
11 5 (0.90%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
12 4 (0.72%) Algorithms
12 4 (0.72%) RIA
13 3 (0.54%) Public Cloud
14 2 (0.36%) Over-the-Top Content
Operating Systems
1 62 (11.11%) Linux
2 21 (3.76%) Unix
3 12 (2.15%) Apple iOS
4 11 (1.97%) Android
5 10 (1.79%) Windows
6 8 (1.43%) Mac OS X
7 4 (0.72%) VMS
8 2 (0.36%) Windows Server
8 2 (0.36%) Windows Server 2012
9 1 (0.18%) CentOS
9 1 (0.18%) Mac OS
9 1 (0.18%) Windows Server 2008
Processes & Methodologies
1 213 (38.17%) Agile Software Development
2 154 (27.60%) TDD
3 150 (26.88%) Front End Development
4 89 (15.95%) MVC
5 88 (15.77%) Web Development
6 84 (15.05%) BDD
7 55 (9.86%) Microservices
8 54 (9.68%) Software Engineering
9 51 (9.14%) Problem-Solving
10 48 (8.60%) Unit Testing
11 46 (8.24%) Open Source
12 43 (7.71%) Wireframes
13 39 (6.99%) Scrum
14 38 (6.81%) Responsive Web Design
15 37 (6.63%) DevOps
16 35 (6.27%) OO
17 33 (5.91%) Domain-Driven Design
17 33 (5.91%) E-Commerce
18 32 (5.73%) Continuous Integration
19 31 (5.56%) Test Automation
Programming Languages
1 460 (82.44%) JavaScript
2 118 (21.15%) Java
3 92 (16.49%) C#
4 90 (16.13%) ES6
5 65 (11.65%) TypeScript
6 64 (11.47%) SQL
7 52 (9.32%) Java 8
8 49 (8.78%) PHP
9 34 (6.09%) Ruby
10 26 (4.66%) Python
11 25 (4.48%) Scala
12 18 (3.23%) Groovy
13 9 (1.61%) MUMPS
13 9 (1.61%) T-SQL
13 9 (1.61%) VB.NET
14 7 (1.25%) PHP 7
15 6 (1.08%) JSX
15 6 (1.08%) PowerShell
16 5 (0.90%) Apex Code
16 5 (0.90%) Apple Swift
Qualifications
1 11 (1.97%) Degree
2 4 (0.72%) Computer Science Degree
2 4 (0.72%) Security Cleared
3 3 (0.54%) SC Cleared
4 1 (0.18%) Microsoft Certification
4 1 (0.18%) PhD
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 23 (4.12%) QA
2 8 (1.43%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 3 (0.54%) WCAG
4 2 (0.36%) GDPR
5 1 (0.18%) Data Quality
5 1 (0.18%) MiFID
System Software
1 79 (14.16%) Docker
2 1 (0.18%) Active Directory
2 1 (0.18%) Virtual Machines
Systems Management
1 20 (3.58%) Docker Swarm
2 13 (2.33%) Ansible
3 9 (1.61%) Opscode Chef
3 9 (1.61%) Terraform
4 8 (1.43%) Marathon
4 8 (1.43%) Mesos
5 6 (1.08%) Kubernetes
5 6 (1.08%) Puppet
6 2 (0.36%) Matomo
6 2 (0.36%) Single Sign-On
6 2 (0.36%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
6 2 (0.36%) WebSphere Cast Iron
7 1 (0.18%) Kibana
7 1 (0.18%) logstash
7 1 (0.18%) PingFederate
Vendors
1 47 (8.42%) Adobe
2 27 (4.84%) Microsoft
3 24 (4.30%) Salesforce.com
4 16 (2.87%) Oracle
5 11 (1.97%) Sitecore
6 9 (1.61%) SAP
7 8 (1.43%) Google
8 7 (1.25%) Splunk
9 3 (0.54%) New Relic
9 3 (0.54%) Solace
9 3 (0.54%) Twitter
10 2 (0.36%) Apple
10 2 (0.36%) Demandware
10 2 (0.36%) Facebook
10 2 (0.36%) InterSystems
10 2 (0.36%) Jitterbit
10 2 (0.36%) Pardot
10 2 (0.36%) Rollbar
10 2 (0.36%) Sybase
10 2 (0.36%) Zend