Period
to 22 November 2017

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for CSS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited CSS over the 6 months to 22 November 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

CSS (Cascading Style Sheets)
Central London > City of London
6 months to
22 Nov 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 20 13 23
Rank change year-on-year -7 +10 -3
Contract jobs citing CSS 598 654 599
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 8.35% 9.77% 6.67%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 22.04% 27.31% 21.44%
Number of daily rates quoted 502 553 501
City of London median daily rate £475 £450 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% +12.50% +3.23%
10th Percentile £313 £313 £238
90th Percentile £638 £613 £563
Central London median daily rate £475 £438 £400
% change year-on-year +8.57% +9.38% +3.23%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1 0 2
City of London median hourly rate £27.09 - £23.66
10th Percentile £25.66 - £20.47
90th Percentile £28.52 - £27.38
Central London median hourly rate £27.09 - £23.66

CSS is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
City of London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 2713 2395 2794
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 37.90% 35.76% 31.09%
Number of daily rates quoted 2277 2025 2306
City of London median daily rate £513 £475 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +7.89% - +5.56%
10th Percentile £363 £325 £313
90th Percentile £675 £638 £638
Central London median daily rate £500 £475 £463
% change year-on-year +5.26% +2.70% +8.82%
Number of hourly rates quoted 10 4 14
City of London median hourly rate £22.99 £35.00 £38.75
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -34.31% -9.68% +29.17%
10th Percentile £20.28 £19.00 £12.40
90th Percentile £33.75 £56.31 £66.25
Central London median hourly rate £21.50 £35.00 £38.75
% change year-on-year -38.57% -9.68% +29.17%

CSS
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing CSS as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for CSS in the City of London

CSS
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing CSS in the City of London.

Contractor daily rate trend for CSS in the City of London

CSS
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing CSS in the City of London over the 6 months to 22 November 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for CSS in the City of London

CSS
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS in the City of London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for CSS in the City of London

CSS
Contract Job Locations in the City of London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS within the City of London region over the 6 months to 22 November 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London Bridge +1 2 £250 +25.00%
Moorgate -4 2 £550 +61.76%
CSS
Central London

For the 6 months to 22 November 2017, IT contractor jobs citing CSS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads across the City of London region with a requirement for CSS.

1 541 (90.47%) HTML
2 468 (78.26%) JavaScript
3 274 (45.82%) HTML5
4 266 (44.48%) Agile Software Development
5 255 (42.64%) AngularJS
6 193 (32.27%) CSS3
7 179 (29.93%) React
8 175 (29.26%) Front End Development
9 162 (27.09%) jQuery
10 154 (25.75%) User Experience
11 153 (25.59%) Finance
12 150 (25.08%) Git (software)
13 141 (23.58%) TDD
14 124 (20.74%) Java
14 124 (20.74%) .NET
15 123 (20.57%) Node.js
16 119 (19.90%) MVC
17 117 (19.57%) Sass
18 112 (18.73%) C#
19 109 (18.23%) Web Development
20 96 (16.05%) SQL
20 96 (16.05%) Scrum
21 82 (13.71%) Web Services
22 78 (13.04%) Banking
23 72 (12.04%) SQL Server
24 70 (11.71%) RESTful
25 69 (11.54%) OO
26 67 (11.20%) Ajax
26 67 (11.20%) Continuous Integration
26 67 (11.20%) ES6

CSS
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 29 (4.85%) CMS
2 20 (3.34%) Drupal
3 15 (2.51%) WordPress
4 11 (1.84%) Apache Solr
4 11 (1.84%) Confluence
4 11 (1.84%) Elasticsearch
5 10 (1.67%) SharePoint
6 7 (1.17%) SharePoint 2013
7 6 (1.00%) Tomcat
8 5 (0.84%) Adobe Experience Manager
8 5 (0.84%) Apache
9 4 (0.67%) Umbraco
9 4 (0.67%) WebSphere
10 3 (0.50%) Cloud Foundry
10 3 (0.50%) Jupyter
11 2 (0.33%) EPiServer
11 2 (0.33%) GemFire
11 2 (0.33%) Mule
11 2 (0.33%) SharePoint 2010
11 2 (0.33%) Sitecore CMS
Applications
1 24 (4.01%) Adobe Creative Suite
2 16 (2.68%) Photoshop
3 12 (2.01%) Adobe Illustrator
4 11 (1.84%) OmniGraffle
5 5 (0.84%) Microsoft Excel
6 4 (0.67%) InVision
7 2 (0.33%) InfoPath
7 2 (0.33%) Microsoft Office
7 2 (0.33%) Microsoft Project
7 2 (0.33%) MS Visio
8 1 (0.17%) Adobe After Effects
8 1 (0.17%) Adobe Captivate
8 1 (0.17%) GIMP
8 1 (0.17%) InDesign
8 1 (0.17%) Microsoft PowerPoint
8 1 (0.17%) UXPin
Business Applications
1 21 (3.51%) Dynamics CRM
2 4 (0.67%) Magento
3 2 (0.33%) Eloqua
3 2 (0.33%) Payment Gateway
4 1 (0.17%) Salesforce.com CRM
4 1 (0.17%) SAP S/4HANA
Cloud Services
1 66 (11.04%) Amazon AWS
2 33 (5.52%) Microsoft Azure
3 22 (3.68%) npm
4 9 (1.51%) GitHub
4 9 (1.51%) SaaS
5 6 (1.00%) Heroku
6 4 (0.67%) Amazon SQS
6 4 (0.67%) PaaS
6 4 (0.67%) Serverless
6 4 (0.67%) Yarn
7 3 (0.50%) Amazon Kinesis
7 3 (0.50%) AWS CloudFormation
7 3 (0.50%) Bluemix
7 3 (0.50%) Cloud Computing
7 3 (0.50%) Force.com
7 3 (0.50%) IBM Cloud
7 3 (0.50%) Office 365
7 3 (0.50%) OpenShift
8 2 (0.33%) Amazon EC2
8 2 (0.33%) Amazon S3
Communications & Networking
1 11 (1.84%) Internet
2 8 (1.34%) HTTP
3 7 (1.17%) Intranet
4 4 (0.67%) FTP
4 4 (0.67%) SSL
5 3 (0.50%) DNS
5 3 (0.50%) TCP/IP
6 2 (0.33%) Ethernet
6 2 (0.33%) Unified Communications
6 2 (0.33%) VPLS
7 1 (0.17%) HTTPS
7 1 (0.17%) NFC
7 1 (0.17%) Skype
7 1 (0.17%) SMS
7 1 (0.17%) SMTP
7 1 (0.17%) SSH
Database & Business Intelligence
1 72 (12.04%) SQL Server
2 40 (6.69%) MongoDB
3 35 (5.85%) MySQL
4 23 (3.85%) NoSQL
4 23 (3.85%) SQL Server 2008
5 17 (2.84%) Relational Database
5 17 (2.84%) SQL Server 2012
6 14 (2.34%) SQL Server 2005
7 9 (1.51%) SQL Server 2016
8 8 (1.34%) PostgreSQL
9 7 (1.17%) Apache Cassandra
10 6 (1.00%) Big Data
11 5 (0.84%) Qlik Sense
11 5 (0.84%) QlikView
12 4 (0.67%) RDBMS
13 3 (0.50%) Amazon DynamoDB
13 3 (0.50%) Amazon Redshift
13 3 (0.50%) CouchDB
13 3 (0.50%) Neo4j
14 2 (0.33%) Couchbase
Development Applications
1 150 (25.08%) Git (software)
2 61 (10.20%) gulp
3 48 (8.03%) Grunt
4 44 (7.36%) Jasmine
5 42 (7.02%) webpack
6 40 (6.69%) Jenkins
7 35 (5.85%) Axure RP
7 35 (5.85%) JIRA
8 27 (4.52%) Selenium
9 24 (4.01%) Team Foundation Server
10 23 (3.85%) IntelliJ
10 23 (3.85%) TeamCity
11 21 (3.51%) NUnit
12 20 (3.34%) Mocha
13 17 (2.84%) Maven
13 17 (2.84%) Moq
13 17 (2.84%) Visual Studio
14 16 (2.68%) Bower
15 15 (2.51%) Babel
16 14 (2.34%) Cucumber
General
1 153 (25.59%) Finance
2 78 (13.04%) Banking
3 31 (5.18%) Marketing
4 27 (4.52%) Retail
5 19 (3.18%) Front Office
6 10 (1.67%) Investment Banking
6 10 (1.67%) Law
7 8 (1.34%) Games
8 7 (1.17%) Advertising
8 7 (1.17%) Financial Institution
8 7 (1.17%) Publishing
8 7 (1.17%) Retail Banking
9 6 (1.00%) Telecoms
10 3 (0.50%) Electronics
10 3 (0.50%) Manufacturing
11 2 (0.33%) Back Office
11 2 (0.33%) Digital Economy
11 2 (0.33%) Multimedia
12 1 (0.17%) Legal
12 1 (0.17%) Wholesale Banking
Job Titles
1 475 (79.43%) Developer
2 111 (18.56%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 91 (15.22%) JavaScript Developer
4 61 (10.20%) Angular Developer
5 60 (10.03%) Java Developer
6 56 (9.36%) Senior Developer
7 53 (8.86%) Full Stack Developer
8 52 (8.70%) Designer
9 50 (8.36%) .NET Developer
10 44 (7.36%) HTML Developer
11 43 (7.19%) C# Developer
11 43 (7.19%) UX Designer
12 36 (6.02%) UI Developer
13 32 (5.35%) HTML CSS Developer
14 29 (4.85%) C# .NET Developer
15 25 (4.18%) Senior JavaScript Developer
16 23 (3.85%) Web Developer
17 21 (3.51%) Agile Developer
18 20 (3.34%) SQL Developer
19 19 (3.18%) PHP Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 541 (90.47%) HTML
2 274 (45.82%) HTML5
3 255 (42.64%) AngularJS
4 193 (32.27%) CSS3
5 179 (29.93%) React
6 162 (27.09%) jQuery
7 124 (20.74%) .NET
8 123 (20.57%) Node.js
9 117 (19.57%) Sass
10 82 (13.71%) Web Services
11 70 (11.71%) RESTful
12 67 (11.20%) Ajax
13 65 (10.87%) Twitter Bootstrap
14 52 (8.70%) ASP.NET
14 52 (8.70%) Redux
15 48 (8.03%) REST
16 47 (7.86%) LESS
17 46 (7.69%) JSON
18 40 (6.69%) XML
19 36 (6.02%) .NET Framework
Miscellaneous
1 154 (25.75%) User Experience
2 39 (6.52%) Greenfield Project
2 39 (6.52%) Mobile App
3 29 (4.85%) Analytical Skills
4 27 (4.52%) Fintech
5 11 (1.84%) Data Structures
6 8 (1.34%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
6 8 (1.34%) NHS
7 7 (1.17%) Algorithms
7 7 (1.17%) Animation
7 7 (1.17%) Derivative
8 6 (1.00%) Computer Science
8 6 (1.00%) Social Media
9 5 (0.84%) Client/Server
9 5 (0.84%) Enterprise Software
9 5 (0.84%) N-Tier
9 5 (0.84%) RIA
9 5 (0.84%) Virtual Team
10 4 (0.67%) Market Risk
10 4 (0.67%) Online Banking
Operating Systems
1 30 (5.02%) Linux
2 27 (4.52%) Windows
3 26 (4.35%) Apple iOS
4 21 (3.51%) Android
5 8 (1.34%) Unix
6 4 (0.67%) Windows 10
7 1 (0.17%) Windows Server
7 1 (0.17%) Windows Server 2008
Processes & Methodologies
1 266 (44.48%) Agile Software Development
2 175 (29.26%) Front End Development
3 141 (23.58%) TDD
4 119 (19.90%) MVC
5 109 (18.23%) Web Development
6 96 (16.05%) Scrum
7 69 (11.54%) OO
8 67 (11.20%) Continuous Integration
9 65 (10.87%) BDD
10 60 (10.03%) Test Automation
11 56 (9.36%) Software Engineering
12 52 (8.70%) Prototyping
13 44 (7.36%) Web Application Development
14 43 (7.19%) Workflow
15 42 (7.02%) Wireframes
16 40 (6.69%) SOLID
17 38 (6.35%) Pair Programming
18 37 (6.19%) Kanban
19 34 (5.69%) E-Commerce
19 34 (5.69%) Open Source
Programming Languages
1 468 (78.26%) JavaScript
2 124 (20.74%) Java
3 112 (18.73%) C#
4 96 (16.05%) SQL
5 67 (11.20%) ES6
6 59 (9.87%) PHP
7 40 (6.69%) TypeScript
8 25 (4.18%) Groovy
9 24 (4.01%) Python
10 20 (3.34%) Scala
11 13 (2.17%) Objective-C
12 10 (1.67%) Ruby
13 9 (1.51%) Apple Swift
13 9 (1.51%) C++
14 8 (1.34%) T-SQL
15 7 (1.17%) Apex Code
15 7 (1.17%) ECMAScript
16 5 (0.84%) PL/SQL
16 5 (0.84%) Shell Script
17 3 (0.50%) C
Qualifications
1 22 (3.68%) Degree
2 9 (1.51%) Security Cleared
3 7 (1.17%) SC Cleared
4 2 (0.33%) APMP
4 2 (0.33%) Computer Science Degree
4 2 (0.33%) Microsoft Certification
5 1 (0.17%) IBM Certification
5 1 (0.17%) MCSD
5 1 (0.17%) Numerate Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 42 (7.02%) QA
2 7 (1.17%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 5 (0.84%) WCAG
System Software
1 38 (6.35%) Docker
2 1 (0.17%) Active Directory
Systems Management
1 10 (1.67%) Opscode Chef
2 7 (1.17%) Ansible
3 4 (0.67%) Kubernetes
4 3 (0.50%) Docker Swarm
4 3 (0.50%) Sysdig
5 1 (0.17%) HockeyApp
5 1 (0.17%) Piwik
5 1 (0.17%) Puppet
5 1 (0.17%) Terraform
Vendors
1 38 (6.35%) Microsoft
2 34 (5.69%) Adobe
3 21 (3.51%) New Relic
4 17 (2.84%) Salesforce.com
5 11 (1.84%) Atlassian
6 10 (1.67%) Oracle
7 9 (1.51%) Google
8 8 (1.34%) ServiceNow
9 6 (1.00%) IBM
10 5 (0.84%) SAP
10 5 (0.84%) Xamarin
11 4 (0.67%) Apple
11 4 (0.67%) Zend
12 2 (0.33%) Cognos
12 2 (0.33%) F5
12 2 (0.33%) Marketo
12 2 (0.33%) Nintex
12 2 (0.33%) Sitecore
12 2 (0.33%) Telerik
12 2 (0.33%) TIBCO